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Manchester Development Plan 1951, (draft) Written Analysis This report has been digitised by Joe Blakey and Martin Dodge from the Department of Geography, University of Manchester. The digitisation was supported by the Manchester Statistical Society’s Campion Fund.

Permission to digitise and release the report under Creative Commons license was kindly granted by Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives, Manchester City Council. (Email: archiveslocalstudies@manchester.gov.uk)

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. 6 September 2013.


LIST OF APPENDICES

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- D i s t r i b u t i o n of Population. Appendix 2 - Education Programme. . ~ p p e n d i x3 - Open Space Programme. Appendix 1

.

Appendix 5

- Ultimate I n d u s t r i a l Zones - Ultimate Road Network.

Appendix 6

- Twenty Year Road Programme.

Appendix 4


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INTRODUCTION.

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A,

:.!i>.;...:.The f i r s t Develspment Plan f o r t h ' & ~ n n c h e s t e r Coupty

Borough prepared under t h e provisions of' t h e Town and 'Country ( b). -~ Pl,?'nnil;ghct, 1947, c a n s i s t s of ( a ) a I??ograme Map, ( C ) f i v e Designa t i s n lfag9"W:npf~) t h e Written Sk?tement contained i n t h i s document. ::

The purpose of t h e Development Tlan i s t o glve a broad i n d i c a t i o n sf t h e Csuncil's i n t e n t i s n s r e l a t i n g t o the f u t u r e use of land i n t h e c i t y , and t o provide a general framework w i t h i n which t h e Council nay c a r r y out t h e i r d u t i e s of bath c a n t r o l l i n g and p r m o t i n g development. .

,

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Tkc Devblopaent 13.an o u t l i n e s develbpmint expeat ed t o tako place during t h e next .20 years, and n l s o i n c l u d e s informction on t h e long term p o l i c y intended f o r c e r t a i n broad land uses where such i n f o r m t i s n ' i s c s n s i d e r ~ d necessary t o g i v e p r o p e r guidance t o prospective.'.'developers. ...

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I n p r i n c i p l e , ' - t h e s t r u c t u r e of t h e Devblopment P h n i s as follows: . ..... . , , , . . :. ,.

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T5e Town Map a s supplemented 2nd q u a l i f f e d by t h e , " desaript ~ t h t + $. n t .' :., . '. ' I . i v e m a t t e r i n t h i s Vrritten .~ , shjws'.: ;. ..: :. . I . . . . . ., ... . Y' ,:,l .Tiib p r e d & i n m t basic l a n d u s e s whidki , . I !t h e Council intend shbuld ' u ~ t i m q t e l ybe e .s t,,.a b l i s h e d i n t h e v a r i s u s p a r c s ' of t h e ' c i t y .

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-The more ' d e t a i l e d lhnd uses a n c i l l a r y t d t h e ' above a s th6y a r e l i k e l y t o e x i s t i n 20 years t i m e , i n c l u d i n g both s p e c i f i c development expected t o be undertaken d u r i n g t h i s period and e x i s t i n g develspri~entl i k e l y t o remain s u b s t a. ,.n. .t i a l l. y. . undisturbed. . ,

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( b ) . Tie ? r o ~ r ~ m cFh7.q i a s sup9lemented and q u h l i f i e d by t h e d e s c r ~ . ~ T Z ~ e - & ? t t e rtihni s Written Statement '.: .., shows : . . .

-

(1) S n e c i f i c items of development expected t o be c a r r i e d out during t h e 20 year period. )

Azeas. w i t h i n which develspnent, o f an a p p r q p r i a t e t y p ~but not capsble o f . d e t a i l e d d p f i n i t i s n , is e l p e c t e d t o tLa&e' p l a c e t o an extent sufficient t o s e c u r e s u b s t a n t i a l l y t h e d e s i r e d predomincint use of t h e area. .

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Attention is drawn t o t h e f a c t t h a t , f o r purposes of s i m p l i f i c a t i o n , c e r t a i n d e t a i l e d 'land uses e x i s t i n g a t t h e t h e of survey, not considered t o be of m a t e r i a l planning s i g n i f i c a n c e , a r e omitted from t h e Town Map. This does not n e c e s s a r i l y imply t h o t such uses w i l l have been eliminated o r changed by t h e end of t h e 20 .yenr period, nor i n f a c t t h a t , t h e r e i s an expressed i n t e n t i o n t o eliminate o r change thedi.':::"-The Programme NIcp r e v e a l s where any s p e c i f i o change i s iproposeft": a l l o t h e r instances, p o s s i b l e a l t e r n a t i v e uses are':'so f a r ahead a s t o be unimportant a t t h i s s t a g e , o r a r e dependent on t h e d e t a i l e d planning of t h e areas concerned. A t t e n t i o n i s a l s o drawn t o n o t a t i o n s used on t h e Town 1k.p and Pi3gramne Ma_n a d d i t i o n a l t o those suggested i n t h e ofTicia1 c i r o u l a r s . These are:, . (a)

Symbolic n o t a t i o n f o r a secondary school where t h e p r e c i s e l o c a t i o n has not been determined.

(b)

S~~cl.bolic n o t a t i o n f o r a shopping area i n 3 proposed ' b l i s t r i c t Centre where t h e p r e c i s e l o c a t i o n has not ... determined., .. ljeen , ,.

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( c ) Notation f o r a r e a s intended f o r general school playing f i e l d a r e a s , a s ' d P s t i n c t from those a t t a c h e d t o schools. ,beas on t h e Town Map f o r which no n o t a t i o n has been used represent land i n t h e f allowing ootegories :

-

.

Lcnd a t present intended t o be r e t a i n e d f o r a g r i c u l t u r a l purnoses . . .

(3)

L:inG which due'to;'ex0essive undulation o r t h e u n s t a b l e nature of t h e s u b - s o i l i s wholly uneconomical f o r b u i l d i n g purposes, but which i s not r e q u i r e d f o r use

(b) .,

Scch land i s ' l a r g e l y used f o r 'Pbugh'grazing and i s ' l i k e l y t o remain ' i n use f o r t h i s .. purpose i n t h e f u t u r e : "

5 6 Piibiic open space..

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sf land o t h e r than t h e above, riot u n s u i t a b l e f o r development, but f o r which, d u e ' t b ~ r ' e a s o n sof s i z e , shape o r l o c a t i o n , no s p e c i f i c : " , f u t u r e "use has been a e t ermined.

(d.?.:' S.lnl.1 n r e n s

' " . :' n e c e s s a r i l y

It i s s t r e s s e d t h a t t h e Tswn Ifiliop and t h e Progr,unme M 2 3 should be read i n conjection w i t h t h i s !bVritten Statement. The C s u n c i l l s f u l l i n t e n t i o n s w i t h regard t o p a r t i c u l a r forms of '@:rv'e?lb,menta r e not i n a l l cases capable of v i s u a l p r e s e h t s t i o n , and t o avoid m i s i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of t h e informat i o n shown on t h e basic maps it i s e s s e n t i a l t h a t reference be made t o t h e rippropriate p a r t s of t h i s Statement.

The Written Statement. . i s s e t s u t i n seventeen s e c t i o n s , each d e a l i n g w i t h a p a r t i c u l a r aspect of t h e Development Plan. "ihere appropriate, s e c t i o n s a r e divided i n t o two p a r t s , t h e f i r s t d e a l i n g , w i t h both s h o r t term and long t e r m planning proposals and p o l i c y (Town XIap), and t h e second d e a l i n g with s p e c i f i c development expected t a t a k e place d u r i n g t h e 20 year period (Progrrullme Man). It should be appreciated t h a t t h i s Written Statement i s mainly d e s c r i p t i v e i n c h a r a c t e r and does not attempt t o j u s t i f y t h e proposals w i t h which it i s concerned, o r explain t h e methods adopted f o r t h e i r determination. These m a t t e r s a r e d e a l t w i t h i n t h e Written Analysis forming p a r t of t h e 2eport of S ~ x ~ s ~ , ~ t ht e i Development n g Plan.


(1) The Town Map. shows t h e a $ e a s which it i s R e s i d e n t i a l intended shculd u l t i m a t e l y be devoted t o g e n e r a l ' r e s i d e n t i a l purposes i n o r d e r t o secure a Zones s a t i s f a c t o r y r e l a t i o n s h i p between r e s i d e n t i a l and o t h e r rna jor land u s e s . ( 2 ) Within t h e s e a r e a s the Council w i l l , a s o p p o r t t m i t i e s a r i s e , promote and encourage the development and redevelopment of housing and the communal f a c i l i t i e s a n c i l l a r y t o housing.

.

The u l t i m a t e boundaries:!af such u n i t s a r e n o t shown on the Tom Map, except i n so f a r a s they w i l l be.formed 'by major highways and t h e

Approximate Number of

P r i v a t e Licence Housi.~g-


Development f o r which no arrangements have been, made, b u t which i t i s assumed w i l l be' undertaken -eiTtti&r b$ Manchester o r by o t h e r a u t h o r i t i e s on Manchester's b e h a l f , u s i n g t h a t p a r t of' the b u i l d i n g resources a t present available t o . Mgnchester f o r which f u t u r e dnployment , : : w i t h i n t h e c i t y o r Bowlee w i l l be .

(b)

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.

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- 26,630 Dwellings P r i v a t e Licence Housi'ng - 5,800 T o t a l - 32,430 Local A u t h o r i t y Housing

11 tt

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Development already o f f e r e d by o t h e r a u t h o r i t i e s u t i l i s i n g t h e i r own b u i l d i n g resources:~ o ; c iA l u t h o r i t y Housing 450 Dwellings

Total

- 600

p r o v i s i o n f o r Mnnches t e r .people of approximately 55,800 d w e l l i n g s by J u l y , 1971, of' which 37,220 W i l l be c o n s t r u c t e d oiztside t h e c i t y .

user

- I n connection w i t h t h e i n d i c a t i o n of such a r e a a on the Town Map, a t t e n t i o n i s drawn t c the

( a ) The b&ndaries r e l a t e t o the a r e a s l i k e l y t o b e p r i m a r i l y r e s i d e n t i a l a t 1971, i n c l u d i n g . areRs of mixed development f o r which,* proposed u l t i m a t e predominant u s e w i l l n o t h a v e been establ5ished by t h a t time.

token a t tkq.. '. . t ' b e of. survey . a s n e c ' e s s i t a t e d , by changes . ';',Of use 1Tkely t o / be achieved by 1971. I n .''i;one i n s t a n c e s , where more permanent boundaries t o r e s i d e n t i a l development o r e -. '.:ehpec-ted-t o be e s ' t a b l i s h e d by 1971, u n i t s t r e a t e d s e p a r a t e l y a t t h e t i n e of mmey me " I &6insd on the own Ymp. Such u n i t s m e ideat i f f ed on the Town !.Sap ad.in lmpendix l 'by n d m b l n n t i o n of t h e o r i g i n a l unit index

( b ) The boundaries d i f f e r from those

-" n'bbers.

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( c ) The u n i t s on t h e Town Map do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t . prsposed neighbourhoods-. Zxcept where a f f e c t e d by r e s i d e n t i a l p r o p o s a l s e m e c t e d to be implemented d u r i n g the 20 . Year period t h e y remain, a s a t the time of e a s c o n t a i n i n g development general:in c h a r a c t e r .

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Densities

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persons by 1971.

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( 9 ) The ~ e v e l b p m e n tPlan, prqposes t h a t i n p r i n c i l l e the 'net ' d e n s i t y f o r r e s i d e n t i a l redevelopment s h a l l n o t exceed 90 h a b i t a b l e rooms per a c r e i n ahy p a r t of the c i t y . Net d e n s i t y i s defined a s t h e d e n s i t y p e r a c r e of land occupied s o l e l y by a l a y o u t of dwellings O f any type, i n c l u d i n g t h e c u r t i l a g e s of such dwellings, any small p u b l i c o r p r i v a t e open spaces included i n the l a y o u t , and h a l f the width of any s t r e e t on which these l a n d s a b u t ( e x c e p t Trunk, C l a s s 1 and Cl8ss 11 roads where only 20 f e e t of the width of such road is i n c l u d e d ) . ' Habitable rooms a r e defined a s l i v i n g rooms, ,bedrooms and l i v i n g k i t c h e n s b u t n o t bathrooms 'or s c u l l e r i e s . Part B

- Programme Maq

f o r r e s i d e n t i a l development and redevelopment d u r i n g t h e 2 0 year p e r i o d . These a r e a s follows:New Development ( 1 ) Wpthenshawe ( w i t i ~ i nr e s i d e n t i a l u n i t s .. Noso 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36 and 37)

-

6,070 Local Au t l l o r i t y Dwellings

1.

1,190 Local A u t h o r i t y Dwellings

Redevelopment Within r e s i d e n t i a l u n i t s Nos. 5, 7/10, 9/12, 13,. .16/21, 1?/1?5,20 and 26.

-

8,170 Local A u t h o r i t y Dwellings

( 1 1 ) The Programme Map does n o t show i n d e t a i l s i t e s proposed f o r p r i v a t e l i c e n c e housing. Such development w i l l tnke p l a c e w i t h i n the new development a r e a s r e f e r r e d t o i n t h e l a s t paragraph, and on v a r i s u s s m a l l s i t e s elsewhere i n the c i t y . ,


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t h e s e -a r e a s . ,;wi,U.i n f a c t be. d e a l t , ,with" comprehensive. .. . . . . . l . y. . duripg. t;'h;e f'$rst f. .i.v e yeaFs. ., .; :i . . ,, ; . . i , : ,

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I t , r S' in$&.e$, $hat re'dkvelopment,, w i l l , f o r , tbe. p,a,pet',gbmpence ~ i t hthe clea:ranc&:."and r e p l a c e ;:.;I ,.::;rnent.o 2 ' b f l i ' t r e s i d e p t i a l p r o p e r t i e s only i n a r e a s ' ; . '*' ' intended wholly f o r ' , ' X o u s i n g p u r p o s e s ,"in ' order to . . ehbu:$$ the minimum 'loiss of r e s i d e n t i a l accommoda' , ' . t j o n . . J f i ' t b e e a r l y . s t a g e s . Advantage w i l l be taken o?k d l l ~ i t e a s l r e a d y c l e a r e d , where the demolition of a few s t a n d i n g d w e l l i n g s w i l l provide :. compact .., . . ,,e~onomic ,.,, re-.housing a r e a s . . . . . fa), -: e redevelopment programme proposed i n the Development P l a n envisages the demolition of . . approximately 20,066 d w e l l i n g s d i s t r i b u t e d a s follows:* ,! ..\, .,c,. . (13)

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Dwellings t o be Demolished ( a ) . Within a r e a s intended f o r r , e s i d e n t i a l purposes and t o be replaced by 8,170 dwellings ( b ) Within a r e a s intended f o r . i n d u s t r i a l use

-

14,789 3,939

[ c ) Within a r e a s intended f o r c e n t r a l a r. .e. a. coxqmencial , use . . >

, ,

( d ) Within a r e a s intended f o r c u l t u r a l use Total

-

-

154 20,066

Approximately 760 of the above d w e l l i n g s occupy land r e q u i r e d f o r new major roads o r the improvement of e x i s t i n g major roads.

SECTION 2

- Shopping ( o t h e r than i n t h e C e n t r a l Area or t h e City.)

1 5 ) Areas shown on the Town Map f o r shopping use o t h e r than i n the. c e n t r a l a r e a of the c i t y ) comprise the following:( a ) Shopping a r e a s ( e x i s t i n g a d proposed) i n the new development are.as of Wythenshawe ( r e s i d e n t i a l ' u n i t s 31 to 7 i n c l u s i v e ) and B l a M l e y and Charlestown e n t i a l i .u n i t . ,:':., Map....:': 2. . . . . ?). These a r e d e f i n e d . on rt he es i dTown . ' except:: i n the case of t h e following two: - ,, . . . a r e a s i n Wythenshawe f o r which the p r e c i s e l o c a t i o n i s n o t d e terminbd. and vrhich a r e . . . . . . . . ,,.,..: .. .. : shown symbolically: ..... ... .. ,. . . . . .; i:. .: ( 1 ) .... ~ e i ~ h b o u r h o oshop6ing d cen.tre i n the .. roposed'Pee1 B a l l Ne ighbourhood .., :+;,. :, .:. , r e s i d e n t i a l u n i t 35) r" .: \ :

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( 2 ) ~ i s t r i c tshopping ; centre i n the

Northend,en neighbourhood ( r e s i d e n t i a l u n i t 321, dependent on redevelopment w i t h i n t h e e x i s t i n g Northenden Village.

,. .

(b) Proposed d i s i ' r i c t shopping &6n$.res else'^where i n t h e c i t y which a r e shown symbolically on t h e Town Map. (c) Proposed neighbourhood shopping c e n t r e s (shown symbolically on t h e Town Map) i n t h e . . a r e a s expected t o be redeveloped f o r r e s i d e n t i a l purposes during t h e next 20 years. . '. .

...

(16) propokals f o r o t h e r f u t u r e shopping c e n t r e s i n a r e a s intended f o r g e n e r a l r e s i d e n t i a l purposes have n o t been' dcterminsd and a r e not shown on the Town Map. -The Development P l a n envisages t h a t e x i s t i n g shopping a r e a s , n o t a f f e c t e d . by t h e p r o p o s a l s d e s c r i b e d i n t h e l a s t paragraph o r by ::l a n iny9;ving a o t h e r p r o p p s a l s inclyded i n kh.P s p e o i f i c . .chahge of u:Se, w i l l rcrpain S u b . e t a n t i a l l y undisturbed:.during t h e 20 y e a r p8iio;il. Such a r e a s a're om$ttid.from t h e Town Uap f o r purposes of a h p l i f i c a t l i o n , but it i s s t r e s s e d that, t h i s i m p l i e s no u l t i m a t e i n t e n t i o n ditlre:r 66' r e t a i n o r t o climina t e , shopping u s e i n t h e s e ' l o c a t i o n s . P a r t B (Pm'grmne Uap) ,

(h7) -T.& Programme Map shows by d e f i n i t i o n o r epnbol specificu shopping development which i s expected t o . be ' c a r r i e d o u t i n t h e f i r s t f i v e and. t h e subsequent 1 5 years of t h e 20 year period.

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SECTION '3 - ~ d u c tisn n P a r t A (Town MEP! Schools

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(18) The schools show11 on t h e Town Map comprise t h e following:-

a ) ' E x i s t i n g and praposed s c h o o l s i n Wythenshawe ( r c e i d e n t i a l u n i t s 31 t o 57 i n c l u s i v e ) and Blackley and Cl1erlc;storrm ( r e s i t l e n t i a l u n i t 21, which t o g e t h e r r e p r e s e n t t h e whole of t h e school p r o v i s i o n s proposed f o r t h e s e areas. ( b ) School proposals ( f o r new schools o r f o r ...

.,

t h e ~ x t e n s i o nand a d a p t a t i o n of e x i s t i n g

:; ':schools) 9 i t h i n t h e a r e a s expected t o be ' '

.

re?.evolop.ed. f o r g e n e r a l r e s i d e n t i a l purposes d u ~ i n gt h e 20 y e a r period. Those a r e shown symbolically on t h e Town . U p . ~.

( c ) Two propo.sed i c h o o l s , ono i n 6aeh of

r e s i d e n t i a l u n i t s Nos. 3 and 25.


. ,

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.

:

-. . . . .

.,,

(d) A 1 1 e x i s t i n g schools elsewhere i n t h e c i t y ( o t h e r t h a n i n a r e a s u l t i m a t e l y proposed f o r a n o n - r e s i d e n t i a l use) which a r e expected t o .' ?. :; , . '..r i m i n i n u e e o n t h e i r p r e s e n t s i t e s f o r a t , .: :, ...l.. e a s t . 20 yearss.

, . .

I

(1.9.) E x i s t i n g schools i n a r e a s proposed f o r non+e,gi,dontial;.purposesw i l l remain i n use u n t i l no li5rige?""~equired; i. c. u n t i l t h e intended nonresidcnn2i&rruse i s s u b e t a n t i a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d i n t h e a r e a and/or u n t i l no denend a r i s e s f r o m a d j o i n i n g resldoritial areas.

General Scnool Playing Fields.

(20) The Town Map a l s o shows l a n d s u l t i m a t e l y proposed f o r g a n e r a l school playing f i e l d purposes, a d d i t i o n a l t o those t o be provided a d j a c e n t t o schools. I n some instanoeo school playing f i e l d s a r e proposed w i t h i n l a r g e r e r e a s t o be used for two o r more t y p e s of ope.11 space. Whore no l a y o u t s havo been prepared f o r such a r e a s t h e Town M a p d e f i n e s t h e whole area 2nd i n d i C a t ~ St h e t y p e s but not t h a e x t e n t o f t h e c o n s t i t u e n t open spaces f o r which it i s intended. (21) It i s f u r t h e r intended t h a t l s n d s shown on t h e Town Map a s t i p p i n g e r e a s o r s u r f a c e mineral workings should u l t i m a t e l y be used wholly 0 2 i n p a r t f o r school playing f i ~ l dpurposes when t i p p i n g o r mineral working i s cornpletad.

Further Bduoation

(22) The Development Plan proposes two County Colleges, one i n each of r e s i d e n t i a l u n i t s N08. 3, and 35 i n Wythenehawe, t h e s i t e s f o r which a r e defined on t h e own Nap. Eight a d d i t i o n a l County Colleges a r e T o q L t i r ~ di n t h e c i t y , t h e l o c e t i o n s of which have y e t t o be determined. Other e s t a b l i s h ments f o r F u r t h a r Educati3n a r e intended i n t h e a r e a proposed i n t h e P l a n f o r c u l t u r a l use ( s e e S e c t i o n 14)

.

(23) I n p r i n c i p l e , school developnent pro osed i n t h e P l a n i s t h a t f o r which land i s o r i s l i k e y t o become a v a i l a b l e during t h e 20 year yerigd. Additional school development i s expected ' t o : ' t a k e ip l a c e during t h i s p e r i o d i n o t h e r a r e a s wherR an u r g e n t need e x i s t s , . but t h e loca t i o n a n d typb -:of s u c h development w i l l be dependent on t h e p o l i c y subsequpntly ,adopted .., , t o overcone s l t e r e s t r i c t i.o. .n s . '' .. . ! . . :. .. :.'.,., PART B (Programme Xap)

f

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,

. (24) T& Program0 riap shows by d o f i n i t i o n o r eynbol ::: s p e c i f i c davelopment of sohools, County oollagos and

school playing f i e l d area's expected t o be c a r r i e d o u t i n t h e f i r s t f i v e andthe subsequent 15 years o f t h e 20 year period. This aevelopnent i s d e t a i l e d i n Apperrdix 2. .

: .

,

(25) Areas p r d p o s ~ df o r ' g e n e ~ a iPpcn s paca purposes, i n o l u d ' i n g s'chool pla yihg f i e l d s , a r e shown compositely 'on t h e Programa Nap, but where a p p l i c a b l e t i n ' i n d i c a t i o n i s given t h a t only t h e school playing . f i e l d s w i t h i n such a r e a s s r e a p e c t e d t o be e s t a b l i s h e d during t h e 20 y e a r period. ,.. , . .i z..,

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,part"A (Town ~ a p ). : : .c, : .,

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(26) within: t h i , . : l i p i t a t i g n s of t h e s c a l e used t h e Town ?&p shows arreas which it i s intended should u l t i m a t e l y be used f o r open space purposes. Those comprrse:- ,. ,

.

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(a) Wythenshawe, Blackley and Cha rlestown A l l e x i s t i n g and proposed open spaces,

representing t h e f i n a l open space p a t t e r n f o r these a r e a s .

' ( b ) . g L s o w h ~ r ei n t h e C i t y .

. : ,,

A l l o x i @ t i n @;open ; spaces f o r r e t e n t i o n ,

tdgethey w i t h a r e a s proposed f o r major open space purposes.

( 2 7 ) ' Except f o r ~ythonshawe,~ l a c k l ;and ~ Charlestown, t h e Town U p does not i q d i c a t c proposed n.ei@bourhood open spaces. l% i s intended t h a t r c s i 8 o ' n t i a l redevelopment s h a l l include t h e ....:. .provisi.on Of fi,ublic dpen s p a c e , , a c t u q l l y w i t h i n t h e 'rcdev'elopmenk a r e a s , a t a standard of n o t l e s s than '1.2 a c r e s p5r 1,000 .qopulatia,n.,, This o p e n space w i l l c o n s i s t 'mainly, 0-g :childrqn!fs hlaylparks end small neighbourhbdd pa'rks, t h e aiCes"f o r which w i l l be determined. when t h e :redevelopment a r e a s :It i s a l s o -int;gpdcd t o , -arq:\p$anned irdotail. prdtrlde, ad joining o r c l o s e t o s 0 h o o l & .i n redevelopment Rreas, a proportion of t h e s t a t u t o r y school playing f i e l d rcquiroments ranging from 5% f o r a one form e n t r y secondary school t o 100% f o r all primary schools. For the most p a r t such opon spaces t w i l l be a d d i t i o n a l t o t h o s e shown on t h e Town Map. '

.

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as: tipping areas ( 2 8 ) Arce.8 shown ori.'.&8 TO& o r s u r f a ce mineral-WO %kingsiaxb...t&ose .which, although expected t o remain "In use f a r t h e s e purposos beyond 1971:, a r e ultim&tbl$;.ilften@xi f o r converSion i n t o addi-bional major. opefl s p a o a s ( s e e a l s o paragraph 21)

.

P a r t B (Programme Wp)

'

(29) Tlio Programme ~ a shows p new op&':ep~ces which it i s expected w i l l be e s t a b l i s h a d w i t h i n t h e f i r s t f i v e and t h 6 sribseqvent 15 y.ears of . . t h e 20 ycnr @eridd. Ttrese a r e ~ummnriuedi n Appendix 3.. . .

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20 year redevalopment. a r e a s a r e not i n d i c a t e d on t h e ':Programme Map although i n c l u e a d : in!Appendix 3. .

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(31) ~ e r t a i n ' w b d d s ,c . o p s e ~:and. n a t k r a l : amenity

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:.. f o a t u r e s

.

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(30) Neighbourhood p u b l i c open spaces w i t h i n t h e

shoVJli;.op the. Town, Paag a s , :f u t u r e p u b l i c open spa.ces . a r e n o t i n d i c a t e d ~ gt h.c .Programme Map o r included i n Agpendix 3,a s although l i k e l y t o be i n use a s p ~ b l i copen spaoes by 1971, no appreci a b l e amount of conversion work w i l l be necessary nnd no m n t e r i a l change of u s e w i l l be involved.


SECTION 5 ' - Miscellai3dbu8 Uses A n c i l l a r y t o R e s i d e n t i a l Davelopnent. . . .

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( 3 2 ) Apart from s c h o o l s , shops and open spaces t h e

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:Dgvelopmen% P l a n . i n c l u d e s . no $ p e c i f i c proposals f o r 'Lbe::.variobs communal f a c i l i t i e s a n c i l l a r y t o . r e s i c i e n t i a l development.. .

:

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(33) For t h e now develapnrant a r e a s o f Viythenshawo, Blackiey and Charlestown, tho Town gap ~ n d i c a t c s a r e a s pmpoeod t o bc used f o r &anera1 Local b v e r n ment building purposes. It i s intended t h a t such a r e a s w i l l be used f o r community c e n t r a s , l i b r a r i e s , h e a l t h c e n t r e s , etc. It i n n o t ~ o s s i b l ot o d e f i n e s i m i l a r a r c a n elsewhoro i n t h e c i t y . .

~

(54) Proposals f o r l i c e n s e d p r e n i s e s , cinemas, t h e a t r o e and churchcs ( o t h a r t h a n t h e Cathedral) ai-U omittod a n t i r c l y from t h e Town &p, a s b e i n g of no Gmad planning significanca. Siich o a i s s i o n i s f o r purposes of s i ~ n p l i f i c a t i o nonly and w i , l l not determine t h o Council's f u t u r e coursc o f a c t i o n i n r c s p e c t of any p e r t i c u l s r building o r b u i l d i n g s of t h i s type. (35) A t t e n t i o n i s drawn t o t h e r a s e r v a t i o n i n the Town Map of s u b o t n n t i a l a d j o i n i n g a s c a s i n Wyth~nshawof o r sho yping and g e n e r a l Looal Govornment purposes. ALthough theeo w i l l be t h e prodominang uses f o r Cho a r a a s i t i s intended t h a t t h e y s h a l l be d ~ v c l o p ~i nd t h e forrrl of a Civic Contro w i t h i n which f u l l provision may be made f o r t h e c e r r t m l shopping, b u s i n e s s e.nd s o c i a l needs of t h e Wythenshawe community of tlfiproxirfint e l y 90,000 persons.

SECTION 6

- Inaustry.

- own

Part A ~ap) U l t i I n a t e .:.(36)' The Town Map shows t h e sreo.s which it i s I n d u s t r i a l intendod should u l t i m n t e l y b e devoted t o i n d u s t r i a l Zones purposes, i n o r d o r t o sccurc s n t i s f n c t n r y working c o n d i t i o n s f o r t h e populstion cxpectod t o bo accomiodntod eventun-lly i n t h e prOp0E~du l t i w . t e . . r a s i d e n t i a l oreas. :

!

(37) Within t h e s o f u t u r e a r e a s th Council w i l l encourcge i n d u s t z i a l d o v o l o p ~ e n t'c s lnnd bocones a ~ . h i l . l b l ~s u, b j e c t tO such licvelopinent doing nothing t o worson t e n p o r e r i l y t h e l i v i n g conditions i n thoso pp,rts o f t h Rroas ~ w i t h i n which a n o x i g t i n g uixed o r prodt3min~n$lyr a s i d e n t i n l use i s l i k e l y t o rpmain s u b s t 8 n t i n l $ y undisturbed f o r 'soi,ic tim.

F~turo Policy.

.. (38) Outeiae t h e proposed i n d u s t r i a l nraf!s it i s not .:envi$aggd.that p o n i t i v e eiotian t o e 1 i n i n n . t ~e x i s t . .',i.ng i n d u s t r i a l use w.il.1 be tnken u n t i l t h e ~ r% ~ tr e o s , w i t h i n whiuh p n r t i o u l o r . ., . ~ & d o v e l o p r ~of p r ~ r -s i.s o snr:e l o c ~ t 8 d 'qppoars , impinant.'; Moreover it ., . .

,,

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>. ::: w i l l be: t h e ge'ksral. polnay of .the:. Council not t o : s e e k , t h e removal o f ' e x i s t i n g i n d u s t r i a l premises .-..:

i n a'dvance of t h e t e n h i n a t i o n o f %.heiru s e f u l

lives, u n l e s s such rernova$: i:s vi.ta.l t o t h e

.-.furtherance o f ' a n y p a r t i c u l a r re&evelopment scheme . . . . . or scheme S. .,

( 3 9 ) The proposed i n d u s t r i a l a r e a s shown on t h e Town Map a r e d e t a i l e d i n Appendix 4.

Part E

- (~ro~ramme&

(40) The Programme Map &-lawS t h e a r e a s i n which s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i a l development i s expected t o %ake place d ~ c r i n gt h e first f i v e years, t o g e t h e r w i t h o t h e r a r e a s i n which development could t a k e p l a c e during t h e 20 year period a s a whole. These a r e a s comprise the following:-

(a) The undeveloped p o r t i o n s o f t h e proposed i n d u s t r i a l zollcs i n Wythcnshawe.

( b ) vacant s i t c s i n proposcd i n d u s t r i a l zones

elsewhere i n t h e c i t y .

: -

i

.. (,c) Areas w i t h i n proposed i n d u s t r i a l zones, i n . "

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which land i s l i k e l y , t o be made a v a i l a b l e by t h e clearance of slum. p m p e r t y undcr :the proposed 20 year hou.eing p k g r a m e . .' . . '

(41) It i s emphasised that' except, i n r e s p e c t o f t h e development shown s p e c i f i c a l l y f o r t h e first f i v e years t h e 'Programme Xlt3.p::&oesnot i n p l y t h a t i n d u s t r i a l 'development will..:b;s:bompleted i n t h e a r e a s shown w i t h i n t h e 20 ' y ~ a 'period. r Such deve,lopnient would appear tt3. be wi$liin t h e &vKiIablB i n d ' u s t r i a l building c a ~ i i c h t yand i s aleo,:suf f i c i e n t t o a 1 l o v ~ ' f o r t h e s a t i s f a c t o r y 03acation of i n d u s t r y expected t o be displaced rom t h e 20 year r e s i d e n ~ i a 1 r o : d e v e l o p m e n ta r e a s ; t ~completion ! w i l l nevcr.thelesd be mainly governed by economic conatider&tions which cannot b e foresoen a t t h e pre'sent timc. ,

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SECTION 7 . - Centr&l Area o f thc. C i t y , , , >.:

P a r t A (Town Map) Ultimate Sub-Zoning

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(42) The Town Map i n d i c a t e s the sii&zbnbs i p t h e central area of t h ~ o i t y w i t h i n which it i s intended t h e p r i n c i p a l c e n t r a l ' a r e a us& should u l t i b t c r l y be confined. The a r e a s p.xopozled a r c as follows:,. . ,

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(a) General Business ( ' O f f ic,os and Warehouses) L i357 a c r e s (b) Shopping ..,

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4

106

( c ) c i v i c , o u l t ~ ~ ~ l as$&ial n d usas 83 a c r a s

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(4)

Swan S t r e e t

(5)

Shudehill

(6) P i c c a d i l l y

(7)

Portlend S t r e e t

(8) Oxford S t r e e t (9) Faulkner S t r e e t ( b ) The completion of the following schemes a t

p r e s e n t i n hand:-

(1) The Free Trade H a l l

(2)

The Royal Exchange

(3) The College of Technology Extension

(c). The undertaking of t h e f o l l o w i n g schomes f o r which planning consent o r approval i n principle has been given:(1) Equitable Buildings and No. St. Ann S t r e e t

22

'2)

Shops and O f f i c ~ si n New Brown S t r e e t and Markot S t r e e t

(3)

Wernoth Chambers i n P r i n c e s s S t r e e t

(4) C.Vi.S. (5)

Building i n Deansgate

'Daily Telegraphf BuilCing i n Aytoun 8 t r e ~ t -

(6) Extension of Marshall & S n e l g r o v e f s premises i n St. Ann S t r e e t

(7)

Extension of C. & A. Modes Premises i n Tib Street

(8) National L i b r a r y f o r t h e Blind i n

Byrom S t r e e t

(d) he d e v e l o p n ~ n tf o r General Business purposes of l a n d made vacant by tho c l e a r ance of slum p r o p e r t y w i t h i n t h e proposed c e n t r a l area under the proposed 20 years Housing programme. The Progrannne Map showe the general e r e a s within which such development w i l l take Lace, b u t does n o t attempt t o define i n d i v d u a l sites. (41) I n connection with t h e war danaged a r e a s , t h o Council a r e considering t h e following s p e c i f i c schemes:-

P

(a) A new e x h i b i t i o n h a l l n o r t h o f Liverpool Road m o d s Depot end p a r t l y i n t h e Water S t r e e t Area. (b) A new wholesale market i n t h e Swan S t r c e t Area,

(c) A now h o t e l i n e i t h e r t h e Market Plaoe, P i c c a d i l l y or P o r t l a n d S t r e e t Aroas.


5 Year Programme

(a) Devolopislci~t which can be f s r e s e e n w i t h s u f f i c i e n t c e r t a i n t y t o warrant i t s i n c l u s i o n i n t h e first f i v e y e a r s of t h e 2 r o g r s n e and which i s sllown a s such on t h e Programe idap i s a s follows:(a) C o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~3ic' tOi uot ns t c n d i n ~Work (1) Royal Bxchzngo

F r ~ cTrade Eafall

(2)

(3) College of TeoaLnologyExtension ( b ) Other Proposals (4)

Equitable Build.iil:;s Street ,.. . . . .

-.ad No.

(5)

Shops end O f f i c e s i n New Brown S t r e e t and Iiarlcet S t r e e t

22 St. .Arm

( 6 ) .- 'vfoolworths (vdithin t h e YIricef P l a c e War ., .

Dw,m:,.cC ~ r e a )

Werneth ~ h a a b e r .si n P r i n c e s s S t r e e t

7

Law Courts ( w i t h i n t h e Water S t r e e t War ; .Danaged ~ r e g ) . C o x l e n c a ~ e n to f pro joot 'only. . ..

(0)

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SECTlON 8 Coal

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(49) T h y D e v e l ~ p n e n tPlan envisages t h e ccntinued o x t r a c t i o n o f d ~ a fl row t h e 8raciford i C o l l i e r y of whi'ch t h e pithead i s l o c a t e d i n t h e aroposad Bradford IndusCdial Area. The Town &p d ~ l o o a t e ' sland required f o r the extension and r e o r g a n i s a t i o n of t h ~ pithead . eqtiipr~ent. This devol3pnunt w i l l b e .onrried out during t h e 20 year period.

m

(50)' There a r e n o . p r s o s a l s f o r open c a s t coal working w i t h i n t h e c i y.

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. . ,. . . . 5 he ~ p a v c ~ ~ ~ : . : . c ~,enviscges t that t h e w i n n i a g o f c l a y within. t h 6 c i t y s h a l l cease wbeb t h e p r e s e n t r e s e r v e s i n land elruody qNned by t h e brick rnaking. . concsrns a r e exhaustear

.:. . .

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(52) The axees. shown oo t h o Town &Tap a s o l a y workings are those ill whioh a t t h e p r e s e n t r a t s of o x t r n c t i o n the estimated reservos w i l l Last f o r upwards o f 20 years.. It ,%aintended t h a t u l t h t e l y thCse e r e a s w i l l b~ t i p p e d up and [see a l s o u t i l i j 9 c i for open spacc gur,pos:eB. . .. paragPapi:s 21 and 28) . .

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,:. .

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(53) E r i s t i n g olny workings, which it is e s t i m t e d possess less t h a n 20 years r e s e r v e s , a r e intended t o be converted i n t o open space and a r e shown as such on t h e Town Map. The Programme Map i n d i c a t e s t h e p r o g r e s s l i k e l y t o be made i n t h i s r e s p e o t during t h e 20 y e a r period.

SECTION 9 Part -

- ROADS (Town &P)

A

(54) The Town Map shows t h e alignment of a l l e x i s t i n g and proposed roa.de which it i s intended s h a l l u l t i m a t e l y form t h e p r i n c i p a l road network f o r t h e c i t y a s a whole. (55) This u l t i m a t e network i s d e t a i l e d i n Appendix 5.

Part B

-

(Programme Map)

(56) Road proposals shown on t h e Programme ldap a s l i k e l y t o be imglomented d u r i n g t h e first f i v e and t h e subsequent 1 5 y e a r s of t h e 20 y e a r p e r i o d , r e p r e s e n t o n l y new roada and r e c o n s t r u c t i o n s of o x i s t i n g r o a d s which a t p r e s e n t have no major t r a f f i c importance. Widoliine;s cnd i ~ g m v e m e a t sof e x i s t i n g o l a s s i f i e d roads a r e n o t shown, a s t h e y do n o t r e p r e s e n t a m a t e r i a l change of use. (57) Appendix 6 d e t a i l s t h e whale o f t h e 20 y e a r road programme f o r both new roads -.nd irsprovements.

(58) It i s e s t i m a t e d t h a t t h i s programme w i l l n e c e s s i t a t e t h e d e m d i t i o n of approximately 1,150 dwellings ( a d d i t i o n a l to t h o s e mentioned i n paragraph 14) but t h a t o n l y about 315 w i l l possess a n y u s o f u l r e s i d u a l l i f e a t t h e time of demolition.

SECTION 10

-

COWICATIONS ( ~ i s o e l l a i l c o u s )

Car Parks (59) The p o l i c y with regard to t h e f u t u r e p r o v i s i o n of a d d i t i o n a l c a r parking f a c i l i t i e s i n t h e c e n t r a l a r e a o f t h e c i t y i s a t p r e s e n t under c o n s i d e r a t i o n , and no s p e c i f i c c a r p a r k i n g proposals a r e included i n t h e first Development Plan. (60) Landa a t p r e s e n t used f o r p a r k i n g purposes i n connoation w i t h B e l l e Bue Zoological Gardens and Stadium, and w i t h Manchaster C i t g r ' s P o o t b a l l Ground, a r e shown on t h e Town Map B s reserved f o r t h e same purpose.


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:

(43) The f u t u r e c e n t i n 1 a r e a is boun4ed g e n e r a l l y by' t h e projjoij@d.Inner: Ring Road on t h e n o r t h and ':&ist. s i d e s ,-;the .;pr&posod .L$nlr Road (Regent Roe d t o ',on %he south s i d e , and t h e c i t y Adhton Old :~oa'il)b o d d a r y . ( R i v e r Im+:joi.l) oa' tho west sided. with ddv?ations t o .inali&dda n a r e a t o t h e west of Strangeways P r i s o n and a n a rea containing t h e Oldham Road Railway Goods Depot, and t o exclude t h e p r e d o m i h n t l y i n d u a t r i a l a r e a s i n Ancoats, l i a y f i e l d : and K n o t t &ill.

Dplr;menta (44) It i s t h e Council' S i i i t e n t i o n t o pronoto and t i o n of c n c o u r a ~ edeveloprficnt on war d a a g e d o r o t h e r Sub-zoning vacant s i t e s i n acoordonce w i t h t h e long term Subproposals zoning proposals. They G:! ?*at i n t e n d t o 5ako o t h e r p o s i t i v e a c t i o n t o securo t h e d e s i r e d changes of u s e ; t h e s e w i l l be brought a.bout groduclly as o p p o r t u n i t i e s e . r i s ~f o r t h e demoli.tion >and rob u i l d i n g of i n d i v i d u a l p r o p e r t i e s . A t t h e same time it w i l l be tha p o l i c y sf t h e Council t o e x e r c i s e c a n t r o l over t h e i z p m v c n e n t , reconstruct i o n o r extension of p r e a i e e s used f o r n now conformingpurpose,, so t h q t nothing s h a l l bc dono which might s o r i c u s l y projuGico tho f u t u r e implenontation of o i t h e r t h c sub-zoning propoEals included i n tile Devoloplrent Plan o r t h e nore d e t a i l o d p r ~ p o e a l sprcp.?red eubsequciitly f n r p a r t i c u l e r p n r t s ~f t h e c e n t r r l eroa. .-p e c i a l S e'caturas

(45) A t t e n t i o n i s drawn pnrLicul9rly t o thc; following f e a t u r c s of t h e c c n t r a l e r e a proposnls n s t capsblo of representation oil t h e Town Map:-

(a) It i s t h e C o u n c i l t s g e n e r a l i n t e n t i o n t o . proveut t h c f u t u r e raplnccr.lcnt of warehouses w i t h i n t h e c r e e csntnined by t h e p r 0 p o S ~ d City Contre Road,

(b) As sort of t h e n a i n civi.c aub-zono, lit i s t h ~ . Council's. i n t e n t i o . ~t h a t t h e r e s h o ~ l d evcnturilly bq c s t a i s l i s h e d a : P r a c ~ s s i o n a Way l extending frori the. praposcd Coarts ai? Law ( i n a i o n t o d on t h e T3~itilnXap) t o Albexyt Square, be s.efqgur.rdcd b y t h e T l ~ i s ' p ? o p o s uwill l c s n t r o l of devulsplaent r c f e r r e d t o i q pnra g r ~ p h( 44) .

.

( c ) It .is t h e C ~ ) t l l ~ c i litns t e a t i o n t h e t t h e S u b s i d i a r y Civic aub-g3nc shown on t h e .Town Nap, should ba developed i n t h e form of tin B c c l e s i a s t i c e l Pi-ooinct c a n t . i n i n g t h e C-<thedr~.l rnd; C h e t b n f S ' I I 3 s p i t ~ l .

.

.

.

20' Year Progranme

Part --

B

-

(Ymgmac

~m:ing)

(46) Thc 6ovcilopzle:ll; show:^ 011 the P r s g r w a o LIap as expected Lo be undertaken during t h e 20 yezr period 3s a wholo c o ~ c p r i s e st h e following:-

( a ) The u y b s t r n t i n l re-building of war drrw.ged n r c ; R s i.e.

.. . '

'

3 -,.

b

%iietrirs t - c e t ( i n c l u d i n g Courts of Law)

"'I Jth


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;, -B@S .:Statiorrs . . ... . . , .

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f

. .

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F

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(6.k): :Th'he.policy 2 i t h . . regard t o t h e f u t u r e operation

-.;

. . Q ? bus s e r v i a e s s,nd t h e . ;-.rovis.ion.of bus s t a t i o n s .

is a t p r e s e n t ' under o o n s i d e r a t i o n j a n d . ; w i l l be determined l a r g e l y by o.~ppe'riencegaihbd .frm t h e more e x t e n s i v e u s e of t h r o u ~ hz e r v i c e s proposed by thc Corporation Transpart Undertaking, o r a s l a t e r necessitat;ed by t h e p o s s i b l e f u t u r e o p e r a t i o n of bus s e r v i c e s on a re[-;ional o r semi-regional basis. (62) Tho Developnon'i P l a n 'Lherafore i n c l u d e s no speoif i c proposele f o r b u s . e t & t i ? n s . . . '

Railways (65) NO P T O ~ L ) E B ~ : :a r e T ; I I V ~ S B ~.'DJ? G ~Gkie : R T i t i s h Railways invoiving: changes i n land use and %he Development P l a n i e .based on t h o r c t ~ n t i o nof' r a i l w a y f e c i l i t i c s i n thc;ir g r ~ a 3 n tform, The Town !iap r e p e a t s t h e information obtained n t t h e t b 2 e of s m e y i n . r e s p e c t of land used f o r r a k l w o y p u r p ~ s e s .

Airways

.~

...

,.

. .

l641 Pending t h e r e s u l t s o f n e c o t i a t i a n s a t p r e s e n t , . i n h s n d w i t h t h e h i i c l s t r y of C i v i l Avietion, 110 .. .. . proposals a r e included i n t h e Development P l a n i n . . .. . r!?spept of airpor'cs which would invo'1v.e ckanzes i n ...~.- l$nd use e i t h e r w i t h i n o r o u t s i d e $he :oitg. That ,., part sf Ringwny i2irnort n c t u n l l y within:-.the c i t y . . . . . IS, a l l a c o t ed f o r a i r p r ~ r tp u r p s e s 3n :the.Tav;n :oi>. . .. . . . . -. i . .. . ;' .. . ., . .. WaterWays ..' . . . .. (65) T h e ~ e v e l b ~ m o nP$l a n iiloludes no s p o q i f i c pro2oeals i n r e s p e c t of c a n z l s , b u t a t t e n t i o n is drawn t o t h e following:. . . .

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. .

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i o n;'f t h e ~oichdaloCeri-l Cozpiany _-. :(.a). .Tt ho epirn~bmr ~o itleta'Parlie::~anJ;sry B i l l seeking t o :

&tin+:uish nav i ~ ~ t i C ~ r .zr ai gl h t s o n t h e H3ohcio l. 0 Canal.

( b ) Nc,.,3Ciatr'..jns a t p r e s e n t i n hand betwoen t h e Corporation aria. t h e North Western D i v i s i o n .:.

'

.

.

,

:..

. ',

of' the Do cks and in.l.snd We terngays Exc c h b i v e w i t h R view t o t h e ,clasing and t r a n s f e r t o : 'th6 .Cbrporation of t h i lk+nc.;.l~ster section o f t h i Stookport branch o r t h e XInchestar , . end Ashton-underLyne canal.

(..60) Pending. t h o outconi.~of.Chese:nL$$$idtisns, possible altwrhative uses f o r lend a t p r e s e n t occupied by t h e s e c a n a l s and a n c i l l a r y dcivalopnent cannoi3 b e detcirminad end t h e cenal sys'bebl shown on t h e Tav1:13 ?&,p i s the s a ' n e . 6 ~t h a t s x i s t i i i g a t t h e t i z e 3f survey. . .: b... ;. ,

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SECTION 11 -

- Development by Government Departments

Service Departments ( 6 7 ) The only s p e o i f i o proposals included i n t h e Development P l a n i n r e s p e c t of s e r v i c e i n t e r e s t s a r e as follows:-

( a ) Land held by t h e Royal N;?vy,ndjaoent t o Armstrong Whitworth's Works i n Openshnw and formorly used i n connection with t h e manufacture and t e s t i n g of naval guns, i s included w i t h i n a proposed ultilnate i n d u s t r i a l zone. (b)

Land adjacent t o t h e Mellnnd Playing F i e l d s i n Gorton, and held by t h e East Lanoashire T e r r i t o r i a l hrmy Association, i s a l l o c a t e d on t h e Town Nap f o r m i l i t a r y purposes.

Non-Service Departments. ( 6 8 ) Th.8 only s p e c i f i c praposals included i n t h e Development P1,m d i r ~ c t l ya f f e c t i n g t h e i n t e r e s t s of o t h e r Government Departments a r e those i n r e s p e c t of lands t o be designated. These m a t t e r s a r e r e f e r r e d t o i n S e c t i o n 16.

SECTION L2

- Pdblic U t i l i t i e s .

Water

-.

( 6 9 ) The Development Plan includes no s p e c i f i c proposals d i r e c t l y a f f e c t i n g t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e Manchester lV:\'ber Undertaking.

Sewerage and Sewage Disposal. ( 70) The Development Pl'm proposes t h e abandomlent of t h e Nsrthenden Sewage Works w i t h i n t h e 20 year period. T2e land i s l i a b l e t o flooding and w i l l r e v e r t t o open space use.

( 7 1 ) The Dnvelopr.ient P l a n a l s o envisages t h e abandonment of Withington Sewage Works, i f as n r e s u l t of i n v e s t i g a t i o n s now i n hand t h i s proves t o be p r a c t i c a b l e both t ethnically nnd economically. Pending such confirmation, no chdnge of use is shown on t h e Town Map i n r e s p e c t of t h i s works.


Gas. (72) The Development P l a n includes 110 s p e c i f i c proposals d i r e c t l y a f f e c t i n g t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e Gas Undertaking i n Manchester. It envisages the r e t e n t i o n of the e x i s t i n g works a s follows:

-

( a ) Bradford Road Works ( b ) Rochdale Road

( c ) Gaythorn (Storage only)

- I Zone n Bradford I n d u s t r i a l - I nI nIdruks tValley r i a l Zone. - I Business n C e n t r a l Area General Sub-Zone

Electricity (73) The Development F l a n i n c l u d e s no s p e c i f i c p r o p o s a l s d i r e c t l y a f f e c t i n g t h e i n t e r e s t s of t h e E l e c t r i c i t y Undertakings (Generat i o n and D i s t r i b u t i o r $ i n Manchester. It envisages t h e r e t e n t i o n of t h e e x i s t i n g g e n e r a t i n g s t a t i o n s as follows:

-

(a) Stuart Strcot Station ( b ) Dickinson S t r e e t

( c ) Bloom S t r e e t

SECTION 13

-

" ,

I n Openshaw I n d u s t r i a l Zone

i

I n C e n t r a l Area General Business SubZone.

- University

P a r t A (Town Map) (749 The Tovm Map shows the aroas r e s e r v e d f o r t h e expansion and r e o r g a n i s a t i o n of t h e V i c t o r i a U n i v e r s i t y of Manchester.

(75) It i s t h e Council's i n t e n t i o n a s a long term p o l i c y , and i n c o l l a b o r a t i o n w i t h t h e U n i v e r s i t y A u t h o r i t i e s , t o encourage the reilcvelop~nent of t h e s e a r e a s a s a U n i v e r s i t y P r s c i n c t , by t a k i n g such a o t i o n a s may appear necessary from time t o time e i t h e r compulsorily t o acquire l a n d r e q u i r e d f o r p a r t i c u l a r p r o p o s a l s , o r t o safeguard p r o p o s a l s by e x e r c i s i n g c o n t r o l over i n t e r i m non-confonning development within t h e areas. P a r t B (programme ' ~ a p )

(76) The Programme Map shows s p e c i f i c proposals which t h e U n i v e r s i t y A u t h o r i t i e s expect t o c ~ m p l e t e w i t h i n t h e next f i v e years. These a r e a s follows:C m p l e t i v n of Dental H o s p i t a l 'I E l e c t r i c a l Engineering Building P a r t of A r t s Building Extension irrts L i b r a r y Extension Unions B u i l d i n g P a r t of B i o l o g i c a l Bcience Building (77) The Programme Map a l s o d e f i n e s t h e a r e a w i t h i n which it i s expected f u r t h e r u n i v e r s i t y development w i l l take p l a c e during t h e subsequent 15 y e a r s of t h e 20 y e a r period.


SECTION 14 Part A

- C u l t u r a l Areas.

o own !dap)

(78) The Town Map shows the areas (between t h e University Precinct and t h e c e n t r a l area of t h e c i t y ) which it i s proposed should u l t i m a t e l y be used f o r development of a c u l t u r a l character. (79) The Development Plan includes no s p e c i f i c proposals f o r these areas, but i n p r i n c i p l e t h e Council's intentions are a s follows:-

(a) That the northern area ( a l l o c a t e d f o r general c i v i c use on t h e Town ~ a p )should contain buildings mostly of a p u b l i c o r semipublic type, including a Central Municipal Swlnnning Bath, a Manchester Museum, and such c u l t u r a l buildings a s may be required from time t o time. (b) That t h e southern a r e a immediately north of the University Precinct ( a l l o c a t e d f o r education use on t h e Town uap) should contain buildings devoted mainly t o Further Education, such a s Schools of Danestic Economy, Comerce, id,an Institute of A d u l t Education and a county Collogo. (80) It i s envisaged t h a t the desired change of use within these areas w i l l be brought about gradually a s opportunities a r i s e f o r t h e implemontat ion of Specific proposals, and t h e policy of t h e Council w i l l be consistent w i t h t h a t described i n paragraph 44 i n connection with t h e redevelopment of t h e c e n t r a l area of t h e cizy. Part B ( ~ r o g r a m m~

a

~

)

(81) The extent o r l o c a t i o n of lands within the proposed c u l t u r a l areas l i k e l y t o be developed i n the 20 year period cannot be foreseen with s u f f i c i e n t accuracy a t t h i s s t a g e t o warrant t h e i r inclusion i n t h e Programmat except i n the case of a small area, defined on t h e Prograrmrre Map, within which s i t e s w i l l become available a s a r e s u l t of s l u m clearance under t h e 20 year housing programme.

SECTION 15

- Health

Part A (Town Map) tals

(82) The Town Map allocat.es additional land f o r the extensrion of the f o l b - d i n q hosp'rtnls controlled by t h e Manchester Regional Hobg::d BoardiAncoats Hospital Manchester Northern Hospital Manchester Victoria Memorial Jewish Hospital Wythenshawe and Baguley Hospitals (ad joining sites). (e) C h r i s t i e Hospital and Holt Radium I n s t i t u t e .


.

.

'

f

(83) The retention hospitals except i o n ,

(a) .

.

Ueveloument P l a n envisages t h e permanent on t h & r p r e s e n t s i t e B , of t h e remaining c o n t r o l l e d by t h i s Board, with t h e of t h e following:

-

G a r t s i d e S t r e e t Children' s Dispensary which i s d i r e c t l y a f f e c t e d b37 the C i t y Centre Road proposal.

,(b) S t . .. Luke' s S p e c i a l ~ l i n i c ,Nanchester Hearing

A i d C l i n i c and the M.anchestes and S a l f o r d H o e g i t a l f o r S k i n D i s e s s e s , a l l of which aro w i t h i n tha c e n t r a l . are a of t h a c i t y i n subzones, proposed f o r . Genay.a&.Business purpose s a n d whose u l t b a t e . removal may prove necessary o r d e s i r a b l e . a s and when the redevelopment o f adJoining s i t e s i s u n d e r t w n o r i n my case when major r e c o n s t r u c t i o n becomes necessary.

( c ) The Manchsster E a r I-lospital vihich i s l o c a t e d i n respect i n t h e pro2osod C u l t u r a l . . k e a of which, c o n d i t i o n s n i m i l a r t o t h o s e r e f o r r e d t o. i. n t h e l a s t sub-paragra2h v i i l l apply.

an

.

,

.

,.

.

( d ) The c h e s t C l i n i c , ( l a c a t e d w i t h i n t h e proposed . : IJniver3sit.y pro c i n c t , ~vhiqki :may be a f f e c t e d d u r i r ~ gthe l a t e r s t a g e s .o;f .:university

redevelopment

.

. . .

..

. 24 t h e

The .. Boaid have a t &?esunt no proposals: .r:splacement, of any of t h e s e h.oi;pitals . ' ,.:

.

f u t u ~

(84').Pending a ' f i n a l d e c i s i o n by the Board, t h e Town' liey, a t present mainly occupied by t h e P a i r f i e l d Golf C o u r ~ e , for. a n e w E a s t e r n General B o s p i t a l .

'' Map p r o - ~ i s i o r l a l l yr e s e r v e s l a n d a t &bey .'.

(85) Tho Towr: Map shows t h e a r e a r e s e r v e d f o r t h @ e x p a n t i o n and r e o r g a n i s a t i o n . o f . t h e . t e a c h i h g group of ' : . . ' h o s p i t a l s c o n t s o i l e d b;y the TJnited Manchester . .Hospitaln. The , a x i q t , i m h o s p i t a l s within. t h i s a r e a . . . . arc :

-

..

.

i-;;:s;.th Cantres

The hanchc st e r ~ o y a llntimary . . . . S a i n t Mary's H o s p i t a l . . . . . c The Royal Eye Bospht a 1 (86) It i s the Councilf s i n t e n t i o n t o a ~ s i s tt h e United Manchester f i o s p i t a l s t o redevelop t h i s a r e a an a %!edicn2 P r e c i n c t , i n a manner s i m i l a r t o t h a t proposed f o r t h e a d j o i n i n g University P r e c i n c t . , ,

(87) The Development P l a n envisages the f u t u r e ssta~r~lishxxent of h e a l t h c e n t r e & c o n t r o l l e a by t h e Corporstion, but a t t h i s s t a g e propoeals are not , s u f f i o i e n t l y f a r odvanced t o enab.le 1 a n d : t o be , : a l l o c a t e d ol', t h e T o u r ; . n . ~ s&p~e c r f i c a l l y f o r t h i s form o f , d e v s l o p m n t . E x i s t i n g ' m u n i c i p a l c l i n i c s . and tvelmre c e n t k s ' e x i $ t f n g a t tile tin0 af Survey are onittud f r m t h e Tavn jtam. .. ., ~ . , . .' ,

. :

,

.

.

'

, S


21. P a r t B (programme ~

a

~

)

(88) Neither o f t h e two X o s p i t a l A u t h o r i t i e s a r e a b l e t o i n d i c a t e t h e i r p r o p o s a l s f o r t h e 20 y e a r p e r i o d , except f o r t h e p r o p o s a l o f t h e United Manchester H o s p i t a l s t o develop the s i t e o f t h e former Union Chapel, i n t h e proposed Medical P r e c i n c t , during t h e first f i v e y e a r s of t h e period. T h i s development i s i n d i c a t e d on t h e Programme Map.

SECTION 16

- Designat i o n s

(90) These l a n d s are as follows:-

f o r acquisition

S i t e of Government a t p r e s e n t h e l d on requisition. Road, Chorlton-on-

(81) The Town Map a l s o d e f i n e s t h e boundaries of a r e a s o f extensive war damage, scheduled under S e o t i o n 1 of t h e Town and Country Planning Act, 1944,


ountry P l a h i n g Act, 1947, t h e s e a r e a s are deemed t o e . d e s i g n a t e d .as a r e a s of comprehensive development

M i l l e r S t r e e t War &maged Area Cheethanl H i l l It II tt Strangeways 11 II II 11 It l1 Knott M i l l Market Place " I) 11 Water S t r e e t I! II

SECTION 17

-

Progrslnne (Basis f o r ~ e t e n n i n a t i o n )

(92) The primary c o n s i d e r a t i o n i n determining t h e programme o f ~ . w l o p m e n proposed t i n t h e 'Development P l a n f o r t h e ' T i r s t f i v e and t h e subsequent 15 y e a r p e r i o d s , has been orLe of e n s u r i n g t h a t the t o t a l volutne .of c a p i t a l work involvea does not exceed t h e ' o u t p u t .which would be achieved over t h e two p e r i o d s . on t h e assumption t h a t t h e bu'ilcl'ing and c i v i l e n g i n e e r i n g r e s o u r c e s , available.. t o t h e c i t y f o r c a p i t a l works r e m a i n at: a p p s o i r h a t e l y t h e i r p r e s e n t . level. The'.p r e s e n t o u t p u t . :&!?,~ .' &+i.t&I .viork: amounts i. n vaiuc s o . . about 59,000,000 p e r annum. , . . .

.

'

"

,

.

Su b. .;j e. c. t t o t h i s l i m i t a t i o n , a d d i t i o n q $ f a c t o r s

;

taW . . n i .n t..q account a r e a s foL1ows:. , ,... .. ,

.

,

., :.

,

,

'(:d)' Thai the:',pmgramm of '&evelopment &ould make

t h e most e f f e c t i v e c o n t r i b u t i o n towards t h e long. t e r n s o l u t i a n of t h e ;main problems, a s ' .. proposed i n t h e l3evelo:pment Plan, while a t .. . ' t h e ' sam'e. time, remedyii?gr p a r t i c u l a r l y ' s e r i o u s d e f e c t s i n the phyBical and s o c i a l s t r u c t u r e . of t h e c i t y . ,!< .. . ., (b) That t h e prigrmme should .not imply Bxpenditure of p u b l i c k n d s . : unreasonable .. '

,

''

,

',

..

( c ) That development s p e c i f i c a l l y included i n t h e Programme and defined on t h e Progranme Map should be o n l y t h a t f o r which t h e r e appears t o be a reasonable prospect of achievement.

(94y "1n connection q i t h item ( c ) i n t h e l a s t paragraph, t h e development s p e c i f i c a l l y included i n t h e programme accounts f o r auproximately 68.g and 80% o f t h e p o t e n t i a l output.:of . c a p i t a l worilt: e s t i m a t e d f o r . t h e first f i v e and qubsequent' 35. y e a r p e r i o d s r6spect ively.. It i s considered t h a t rjitbi'ri ' t h e . .resultarit margins, a d d i t i o n a l development i n t h e following c a t e g o r i e s w i l l be practicable:'( a) Development which although of planning s i g n i f i c a n c e and l i k e l y t o be undertaken d u r i n g t h e p e r i o d s concerned, cannot be determined a t t h i s s t a g e a s r e g a r a , ~e i t h e r extent o r location.


( b ) Indeterminate new development of a

miscellaneous c h a r a c t e r not l i k e l y t o be of major planning s i g n i f i c a n c e and consequently not d e a l t ' w i t h by t h e Development Plan.

( 9 5 ) It is s t r e s s e d t h a t t h e purpose of t h e twenty y e a r programme a s a whole i s t o give an i n d i c a t i o n of t h e a r e a s and t h e o r d e r i n which, a t t h e present time, it i s proposed t h a t development should proceed. It may from time t o t i r n e appear expedient t o advance o r r e t a r d s p e c i f i c p r o p o s a l s , o r the development of c e r t a i n a r e a s , and o p p o r t u n i t i e s w i l l occur a t e a c h quinquennial review of t h e Development P l a n f o r such adjustments t o be made i n t h e l i g h t of t h e s i t u a t i o n then existing.

(96) It i s f u r t h e r s t r e s s e d t h a t i n t h e meantime t h e economic and p o l i t i c a l s i t u a t i o n is such t h a t no guarantee can be given t h a t t h e whole o r any p a r t i c u l a r p a r t of t h e development proposed f o r t h e first f i v e y e a r s w i l l i n f a c t t a k e p l a c e during t h a t period.

Manchester Development Plan (draft), Written Statement, 1951  

Written Statement of the Manchester Development Plan 1951 This report was a draft and was originally published in 1951 and written by Rowlan...