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feature-image

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what’s INSIDE

PG.12 Photo by Zahn Schultz of the Louisville skyline

O N T H E C OV E R One in four to five women are victims of forced sex during their time in college. Photo by Zahn Schultz Design by Matthew Conrardy


O U R T OW N 16

Here to Serve, Not Play

FOOD & DRINK 1 9 Keto Diet: A Fad or Forever? 2 2 Have a Cup of Cheer 2 4 Large Portion, Low Budget L OV E & L U S T 2 6 The Stigma of STDs SPOTLIGHT 3 0 Redefining Rape 3 6 The Beauty Evolution 4 3 Opening the Conversation on Climate Change LIFE HACKS 4 9 Geocaching 5 2 Succulents AFTER DARK 5 4 Behind the Bottled Mind 6 0 Cannabis Calendar 6 2 Bar Calendar


OUR TOWN OUR TOWN

Bailee Wicks editor-in-chief

Lexi Phillips associate editor

Matthew Conrardy creative director

Anakaren Garcia assistant editor

Zahn Schultz director of photography

Nikole Chumley copy editor

201 8 -201 9 Lead ers h i p St aff 4 4

FALL FALL 2018 2018 || ISSUE ISSUE ONE TWO


PULSE STAFF EDITORIAL

M U LT I M E D I A

editor-in-chief Bailee Wicks

web manager Brooklyn Isaacs

associate editor Lexi Phillips

CONTRIBUTORS

copy editor Nikole Chumley

Shelby Bryant Caroline Lynch Emily Masseth Natalie Melendez Aly Schwab Madeline Wilson

DESIGN

A DV E R T I S I N G

creative director Matthew Conrardy

business manager Cait Dalton

assistant editor Anakaren Garcia

graphic designers Isabelle Grotting Kaitlyn Kurisu Joe Petrick Amanda Smith Lisa Yamakawa Reyes

(509) 963.1026 cait.dalton@cwu.edu

A DV I S I N G faculty adviser Jennifer Green

jennifer.green@cwu.edu

PHOTOGRAPHY director of photography Zahn Schultz photographers LeAnna Chard Josh Julagay Kendall Yoder for more exclusive content, visit us at www.cwupulsemagazine.com CWU Pul se Ma g a z i n e

@cwup u l s e m a g a zin e

@ CW U Pu ls e

PULSE magazine is a student-run lifestyle magazine, both in print and online at www.cwupulsemagazine.com. PULSE produces two issues an academic quarter. Student editors make policy and content decisions for the magazine, which serves as a public forum for student expression. PULSE serves the Central Washington University community with informative, engaging and interactive content covering campus and community life, trends and issues, and providing practical magazine and multimedia training.


EDITOR’S NOTE T

wo years ago, I traveled to San Francisco for the Associated Collegiate Press’ Midwinter Conference in 2016. This was a turning point for me in PULSE. At the time I was an assistant editor, and while at the conference I was able to network with professionals and learn new techniques to further PULSE’s success—but the best part was connecting and building better friendships with our staff. Since then, I have attended three total conferences with PULSE, the most recent being the National College Media Convention in Louisville, Ky. At the conference, PULSE won three national awards covering the “Best in Show” for feature magazines and “Best Feature Photo of the Year” in both the Pinnacle and Pacemaker Awards. Director of Photography Zahn Schultz won first and third place for the on-site photo “Shoot-Out” competition. To read more about the experience and awards in Louisville, start on page 10. Over the last year and a half, sexual misconduct has been more prevalent in the media. In light of the social movements, court hearings and rise in reports, PULSE asked Central’s administration to comment on the changes seen on our campus and the resources available to all who have and are currently suffering from sexual violence. To read “Redefining Rape,” begin on page 30. The words ‘climate change’ have been thrown around for years, but the recent efforts to ban plastic straws and bags have brought more awareness to the ongoing issue. PULSE initiated the conversation about what our world will look like through the coming years. To read “Opening the Conversation about Climate Change,” start on page 43. Makeup has been prominent for a long time, but in the past decade its place in society has begun to change. Instead of being just something to apply on your face, it is an outward statement of your inner self. To learn more about the makeup social dynamic, read “The Beauty Evolution” starting on page 36. Immediately following the conference, the PULSE leadership team decided to focus more on serious issues that are not given the attention to detail in the public and media. We learned so much as a team at the conference that we have and want to implement in the magazine. Thank you for the support and opportunity to continue improving. PULSE is only going to get better, so stay tuned…


cwu pulse magazine .com

Visit us online for exclusive web content including the interactive magazine, photos, videos, and more.

PULSE

Pregnant? You don’t have to

make decisions alone.

Visit us:

111 E 4th Ave Ellensburg, WA

Call or Text:

(509) 925-2273

Find us:

CareNetEllensburg.org

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

CARING & CONFIDENTIAL

7


b e h i n d t h e SCENES of the “Redefining Rape” photoshoot

Creative Director Matthew Conrardy arranges the shoot.

Photos by Zahn Schultz and Bailee Wicks


PULSE leadership staff discusses the different photo options.

The models prepare for the next shot.


PULSE GOES

3rd

“Best Feature Photo of the Year” Pinnacle Awards

5th

“Best Feature Photo of the Year” Pacemaker Awards

7th

“Best Feature Magazine”

ACP Best of show

Last October, some of the PULSE staff traveled to the National College Media Convention in Louisville, Ky. from Oct. 24 to 28. At the conference, Editor-in-Chief Bailee Wicks, Assistant Editor Anakaren Garcia, Creative Director Matthew Conrardy and Director of Photography Zahn Schultz attended workshops by professionals and learned new ideas to better the magazine. Upon leaving the conference, PULSE took home third place for “Best Feature Photo of the Year” in the Pinnacle Awards, fifth place for “Best Feature Photo of the Year” at the Pacemaker Awards, seventh place for “Best Feature Magazine” in the conference’s “Best of Show” category. It is clear that PULSE is going to keep improving as a publication, and we can’t wait to have you along for the ride.


t o LOUISVILLE Photos by Zahn Schultz


“ G AT E WAY T O T H E S O U T H ”

1st

“Photo Shoot-Out” ACP & College Media Review

3rd

“Photo Shoot-Out” ACP & College Media Review

The conference also held an on-site competition, called a “Photo Shoot-Out,” where college photojournalists had to explore the city to find the perfect photo to fit the theme: “Gateway to the South.” PULSE’s Director of Photography Zahn Schultz participated in the competition, taking home first place for his photo of a Trump supporter on the streets of Louisville, and third for his photo inside a barbershop. According to the College Media Review, Schultz’s first-place photo was ranked as such by 12 of the 39 judges—the highest score in a decade.

Read the full article at cmreview.org/photographers-shoot-out-f18


FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

13


PULSE POLLS VOTE ON OUR SOCIAL MEDIA

Design & Illustration by Isabelle Grotting

CWU Pul se Ma g a z i n e

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FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

@ cwu p ul s e ma g a zin e

@ CW U Pu ls e


*

* C h e ck o u t p g . 42 fo r th e a c t u a l d a ta

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

15


OUR TOWN

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Here to Serve,

Not Play. Story by Aly Schwab | Photo by Kendall Yoder Design by Kaitlyn Kurisu

Service animals and emotional support animals (ESA), are becoming more prevalent at Central. According to CWU Disability Services and Resident Life, there are over 100 working animals—service and ESA—currently on campus. But many still don’t know exactly what each type of animal does or how to act when they come across one. PULSE navigated this growing community of working animals to gather advice on how to approach these teams in a way that imprints a positive experience with every party involved. What is a Service Animal? A service animal, according to House Bill 2822 which passed in January 2019, is an animal that is “properly trained to assist persons with disabilities [and] play a vital role in establishing independence for such persons.” Service animals allow these people to enter establishments that would not normally allow animals, such as food establishments. It states that those who claim their animals are service and are found to not be will be subject to a fine of $500. The ADA requirements state that a service animal is an animal that does a specific task for individuals including guiding the blind, alerting the deaf, alerting and protecting those who have seizures, reminding their person to take their prescriptions, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or performing other duties.

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OUR TOWN

When you see a service animal and their handler, it’s important to not try to distract the service animal. It may not seem like a big deal, but it can be extremely dangerous for the handler. CWU junior Danielle Kuehn and her sidekick Yori, a professionally trained seeing-eye dog, have been together for three years. One day, Kuehn was walking to class when someone tried to get Yori’s attention by trying to pet her. There were people passing by, a bench, a trash can and terrain differences all around Kuehn. Yori managed to avoid the person and get Kuehn safely to class but it is important to remember that this could have ended very differently. Had Yori been convinced to lose focus, Kuehn could have been late for class--but even more importantly, she could have been hurt by walking into a bench, running into the trash can, twisting her ankle or falling completely. Kuehn says that it’s important to address her and not greet Yori, who is working. She also states that if you see a team that looks like they need help, to check before just helping. There are times when Kuehn may be working with Yori and the assistance isn’t required. Still, she appreciates the gesture. What is an ESA? The ADA defines ESA as animals that provide comfort just by being with a person; these animals are trained in obedience. ESAs should be animals that help students manage their stress, according to CWU’s policy. ESAs aren’t allowed everywhere like service animals. CWU’s policy states that they are allowed within the student’s living environment, such as rooms, communal areas and laundry rooms. Ann*, a senior psychology major, has had her ESA, Frank, for three years now. She states that knowing he’s at home waiting for her helps her through her day. “He is always excited to see me and always insists on sitting in my lap no matter what I am doing,” she says. Ann says ESAs are important for comfort and help boost mental health. She wants people to know that as important as ESAs are to those who have them, they are not the same as service dogs and to not take advantage by bringing ESAs in public areas.

*Name changed for privacy.

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What’s the Process? Disability Services (DS) Director Wendy Holden and Tricia Rabel, executive director of Housing and Resident Life, were able to explain how they screen for service animals and how to get approved for emotional support animals. To volunteer to register your service animal, DS may only ask two specific questions, according to the ADA: 1) “Is the ... service animal required because of a disability?” 2) “What work or task has the dog been trained to perform?” DS is there to help students with disabilities succeed in school and if there is ever a problem, they will be there to support and help advocate for you. To be approved for an ESA you must follow the request process. This process is outlined in CWU’s Emotional Support Animal Request Procedure and can be found on Disability Services’ website under the ‘accommodations’ tab. There are two criteria that must be met before being allowed an ESA, according to the Michigan State University Animal Legal & Historical Center: 1) “Does the person seeking to use and live with the animal have a disability — i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities?” 2) “Does the person making the request have a disability-related need for an assistance animal?” It is important to note that documentation of these problems need to come from a mental health provider who can explain how the ESA can help alleviate your symptoms. It states that ESA are not allowed until Housing and Residence life have approved you. Important Things to Note ESAs are very important, but it is also important to remember that they are not service animals. Bringing an ESA within public places is not allowed, not only because it is policy but for the safety of the service animal teams, the ESA and the public. So, keep in mind—faking that you have a service dog is against the rules and when you see a service animal, please don’t pet them when they’re on the job. Would you like being pet when you were working?


THE KETO DIET: A Fad or Forever?

Story by Emily Masseth | Photos by Kendall Yoder | Design by Lisa Yamakawa Reyes

S

Society has a tendency of trying to control the standards of how people should look. Because of this, many people change their lifestyle to try and follow one of the many fad diets out there. One of these more popular diets out there is called the keto diet. A few years ago, this diet was all anyone talked about; it recently just spiked again as one of the ‘best’ diets to follow. The debate that consumes society is whether or not these diets actually work. People have claimed to be getting the best results by following the keto diet. By examining it through three sets of professional eyes, we will be able to discover if the keto diet actually gives the results it promises.

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

19


FOOD & DRINK

What is the Keto Diet?

A keto diet consists of intaking low carbs and high fat. By doing this, the human body will produce ketones in the liver to be used as energy versus eating something high in carbs, which will produce glucose and insulin resulting the body to store it as fat, according to Healthline. One of the problems with diets is many of them are not sustainable. Taking out a whole element of a daily diet is not reasonable for a lifetime’s worth of eating. Amanda Field, a registered dietitian nutritionist, Washington State certified dietitian and graduate student at CWU, comments, “It is difficult to call the keto [diet] healthy when the diet cuts out many foods high in fiber, phytonutrients and other important micronutrients like those found in fruit, grains and even some vegetables which are eliminated on that diet.” For all diets, there are risks and limits. The keto diet may get you the results you are looking for, but how long will those results last? Field adds, “I think that the diet itself is fairly extreme. Keto is very high in fat, moderate in protein and very low in carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are extremely low on the keto diet in order for the body to produce ketones that even many vegetables do not make the cut. Carbohydrate goals are often under 20 grams per day, which is less than the amount in one small banana.”

A few things that are okay to eat on the keto diet consist of fish, beef, poultry, eggs, spinach, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, cheese, high-fat cream, butter, macadamia nuts, walnuts, avocado, raspberries and high-fat salad dressings. On the surface, this diet may seem okay, but it can be easy to take this diet too far and consume too much of one element, which is overcompensating for the carbs not being taken into the body. Kelsey Anderson, a 2017 CWU graduate and nutrition assistant at Auburn Medical Center, says, “The one good thing about the keto diet is that for it to work, you have to very closely monitor yourself. That makes it a little hard to take it too far, because taking it too far includes death, unfortunately.” Some people can still take it too far, though, by eating foods that may be low in carbs but are very high in fats, such as bacon, heavy whipping cream and butter. When picking a diet or a lifestyle change, it is good to choose something that you will be able to follow for the rest of your life. Something like not eating fast food or only consuming things in moderation may be a smarter change rather then jumping into a diet that restricts you from things you love and makes it hard for you to follow everyday. “The right way would be to choose a diet that you want to continue forever. If it’s something short-term, it’s by definition not sustainable and often results in a yo-yo effect,” says Field. “If you want to try keto or low carb but enjoy bread, pasta, cereal, sweets or even just apples, I wouldn’t recommend something so extreme. Remember, there is a middle ground. We do not have to jump from overeating carbohydrates to avoiding them at all costs. I recommend finding the gray area.”


Marisa Lukehart, a CWU 2017 graduate and a staff nutritionist at the local Ellensburg Family Health Care, says, “There are some diets that are not fads and that actually work quite well. I think that the key to determining whether a diet will be successful is whether or not the diet focuses solely on losing weight, or if they have a focus on maintaining that weight loss for the rest of their life. There has to be some focus on teaching tools that will prevent someone from falling back into old bad habits or gaining weight back.” Even though the keto diet may be a lost cause, there are results and ways to maintain a low-carb diet. Lukehart says, “I think the key is that you have to be monitored by some sort of professional, such

as a nutritionist, registered dietitian or a doctor. Watching YouTube videos or following someone on Instagram isn’t going to give you the proper tools you need to follow this diet well.” She adds, “The nutrients from carbs are so vital to your diet, and a diet based on fat can have negative impacts on your health. The key is that this is for short term use only, not a long term lifestyle.” Field, Anderson and Lukehart all agree that diets should be considered on a client-by-client basis. No two people have the same body chemistry, so working in a new diet or lifestyle depends on the individual aspects of that particular person. In the end, the best thing to do for yourself is to see a professional. This will ensure you are getting the most accurate information according to your body type. Once you have found the lifestyle that works for you, it is good to incorporate a person who can keep you accountable and support you throughout your journey. Sustainability is key to your new diet, and the keto diet does not guarantee that, nor does it give the satisfaction in results long-term.

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

21


FOOD & DRINK

HAVE A CUP

Cheer OF

DRINK RECIPES FOR THE HOLIDAYS

The fire is burning, the fuzzy socks are on and the weather is getting colder each day — but there’s something missing. Whether it’s a holiday night in with the family or you’re just in the mood for some seasonal libations, PULSE has the perfect drink to get you in the spirit.

RUMCHATA EGGNOG Source: Delish

WHAT YOU NEED: • 5 egg yolks • 1/3 + 1/4 cup sugar • 2 cups milk • ¾ cup heavy cream • 1 ½ tsp cinnamon • ¼ tsp nutmeg • 1 tsp vanilla • 1 cup RumChata • Optional: cinnamon sticks WHAT YOU DO: 1. To make the cinnamon-sugar rim, mix the 1 tsp cinnamon and ¼ cup sugar on a plate. Lightly wet the rim of each glass and dip it in the mixture. 2. To make the eggnog, begin by whisking together the egg yolks and 1/3 cup of the sugar in a large saucepan. 3. Add in milk, vanilla, nutmeg and ½ tsp cinnamon and heat on medium-low. 4. Cook for 10 minutes – mix should reach 160°F. 5. Remove from heat. 6. Stir in RumChata and heavy cream. 7. Refrigerate until cold. 8. When ready, serve in cups and garnish with cinnamon sticks if desired.


APPLEBERRY PIE COCKTAIL Source: HGTV

WHAT YOU NEED: • 2 ½ oz apple juice • 2 ½ oz cognac • ½ oz simple syrup • 5 raspberries • 5 red grapes • 2 blackberries • 3 blueberries • Optional: 3 blueberries • Optional: 2 raspberries WHAT YOU DO: 1. Muddle fruit (except optional berries) in a cocktail shaker. 2. Add ice. 3. Add apple juice and cognac. 4. Shake and pour over fresh ice in a large wine glass. 5. Garnish with extra blueberries and raspberries if desired.

CRANBERRY PEPPERMINT APPLE CIDER PATTY MILKSHAKE PUNCH Source: Betty Crocker

Source: Southern Living

WHAT YOU NEED: • 4 cups chilled apple cider • 2 cups chilled cranberry juice cocktail • 2 cups chilled ginger ale • 1 can frozen orange juiceconcentrate, thawed • Optional: frozen cranberries • Optional: orange peel curls

WHAT YOU NEED: • 2 cups vanilla ice cream • 1 cup milk • 3 peppermint patties, chopped WHAT YOU DO: 1. Process ingredients in a blender until smooth. 2. Pour in a glass and enjoy!

WHAT YOU DO: 1. In a 4-quart container, stir together the liquid ingredients. 2. Refrigerate until served. 3. Garnish with cranberries and orange peel curls if desired and serve in a punch bowl.

Story by Lexi Phillips | Design & Illustration by Lisa Yamakawa Reyes

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

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FOOD & DRINK

Large Portion, Low Budget Story by Shelby Bryant | Design & Illustration by Kaitlyn Kurisu Chili, rice bowls, pasta dishes and soup were frequent meals in my house growing up and when I was homeless the summer between my first and second year of college. As a child, my mom budgeted like crazy and always managed to make it work, no matter the situation. When I found myself without a home and

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FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

was staying with a friend, I had no job and $100 to my name—but I got through it. Within two months, I had a steady job, made filling meals every day and got into my first apartment, striking a deal with a local landlord. And when it came to eating, I learned that there are tools to the trade for making meals when you have next to nothing.


Resources First, know that it’s okay to ask for help. There are many resources available if you’re struggling financially, and they’re there for you. CWU PUSH: CWU Presidents United to Solve Hunger (PUSH) is Central’s first line of defense for helping hungry students in need. On their website, PUSH explains that there are marked shelves in various places on campus that have shelf-stable food for students who need the help. PUSH’s website also details the fundraisers they do throughout the year to keep these shelves full, such as the Halloween food drive they did this year and the PUSH 5k coming up in 2019. For more info and a complete list of pick-up locations, go to https://www.cwu.edu/push/. FISH Food Bank: Another resource is the Ellensburg FISH Food Bank located behind Mercer Creek Church. According to their Facebook, FISH is a volunteer-run nonprofit food bank that has been serving Ellensburg since 1971. In my experience as a volunteer, they offer two trips a month which is enough to keep a family fed if you go every two weeks. They serve hot meals during the week and have a bread room open longer than distribution hours. They have been nothing short of kind and hospitable in the past three years I’ve been going there. For more info and hours of operation, go to https://www.facebook.com/kvfoodbank/. DSHS Food Stamps: I’m briefly mentioning EBT, or food stamps, but getting approved for food stamps as a student of higher education in Washington state is a hassle. There is a special law (WAC 388-482-0005) in place that puts heavy restrictions on the applicant. While this is a resource, it is neither a reliable one nor one worth the trouble pursuing, in my experience. For more info, go to https://www.washingtonconnection. org/home/. Shopping After going through all of your resources for food assistance, you’ll still need to know how to shop for large quantities with a tiny budget. In Ellensburg, we have three big-name grocery stores: Fred Meyer, Safeway and Grocery Outlet. Fred Meyer is a bit spendy compared to the other two, and Grocery Outlet is fantastic for a flat discount on just about everything in the store.

You wouldn’t think just by looking at Safeway that you could save a lot of money, but if you coupon right, you can get a lot in your grocery bags. I use the Safeway Just-for-U app whenever I do any shopping there because they have weekly coupons—many of which are free—and reward points that you can turn in for either a discount off the total of your shopping trip or free food items. I highly recommend snagging this app for your phone and checking it before you go and while you’re there. Just a few minutes of searching through the app each trip will save you money. On the topic of shopping: one of my greatest assets when I was first getting started was Dollar Tree. For two months, I got my groceries almost exclusively from Dollar Tree. Their cans of vegetables are less than a dollar, and their stock rotates frequently. One of the meals I made a lot during that time of my life was a box of deluxe mac & cheese, a can of peas and a can of tuna all cooked and mixed together. This yields two full bowls of food for less than $3. Cooking Good and inexpensive but filling recipes for more than one person are a blessing. Growing up, my mom cooked on a dime and still made delicious food for our family every day. All kinds of chili and pasta dishes were staples in our household. Whether it be on the stove, in the oven or simmering in a slowcooker while everyone was at work and school, our home constantly smelled like some kind of sauce. That love of pasta and food carried over when I came to college, and I made thorough use of it. Both chili and pasta are cheap and filling with the beans, pasta and meat. Recently, I found a website run by a food blogger who’s all about how much a meal costs to put together. Beth Moncel, who has a BS in Nutritional Science and a BS in Clinical Laboratory Science, runs her blog named Budget Bytes and has two books published about cooking on a tight budget. Each recipe has the cost of every ingredient listed next to it and gives you a step-by-step on how to make it. I’ve been using her series on meal prep, and I’m really enjoying it. Cooking for more than yourself on a little budget can be rough, but there are resources in the community on campus, in Ellensburg and even on your phone to help you get through this. Happy cooking!

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25


LOVE & LUST

THE STIGMA OF

STDs:

WHAT YOU DON’T KNOW

COULD HURT YOU Story by Natalie Melendez | Design by Matthew Conrardy

I

In 2017, Usher faced a lawsuit by Laura Helm for transmitting the herpes simplex 2 virus to her. As a result of Helm’s diagnosis, she claimed that she has suffered “severe emotional distress” and felt that “her health and her body had been ruined,” according to Health24. Sexually transmitted infections, also known as sexually transmitted diseases, are infections you can get by having sex. Some STIs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, infect your sexual and reproductive organs. Others, such as HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis cause general body infections. STIs used to be called VDs, or venereal diseases. Yes, it is scary, and yes, they can be a big deal, but there is no denying that there is an underlying stigma associated with having an STI. Many people who get diagnosed with one are overcome with feelings of embarrassment and shame--but that doesn’t need to be the case.

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ONLY 3

HISTORY

Throughout history, STIs have been associated with female prostitution and deviant immoral behavior, according to Pub Med. This makes people who contract these infections particularly vulnerable to being stigmatized and stereotyped, and can lead to people not wanting to get tested. When people think of others with an STI, they think that they must have received one because they are ‘promiscuous.’ However, that is only a stigma.

INFO

In a survey, 30 CWU students were asked if they have had an STD test done within the last six months. Only three students said they had been tested in the six-month period. The remaining students responded that they never had an STI test done or only had one years prior. “There is a lot of misinformation about having an STI,” says Jack Calvert, an ARNP at the Student Medical and Counseling Clinic here at CWU. “There is a myth that if you have an STI, you would know about it. But most people who have an STI do not experience any symptoms,” continues Calvert. “Therefore, many people out there have an STI and don’t even know that they do.”

OUT OF 30 CWU STUDENTS HAVE BEEN TESTED

FOR AN STD IN THE PAST

6 MONTHS

MEANWHILE

1 IN 2 SEXUALLY ACTIVE

YOUNG PEOPLE

WILL GET AN

STD BY THE

AGE OF 25 MOST WILL NOT KNOW IT Source: CWU & Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

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LOVE & LUST

CHLAMYDIA

The most common STIs are chlamydia and herpes, according to Very Well Health. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It affects both men and women, and it can be spread by having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with a person who has the infection, according to Med Line Plus. Most people who have chlamydia don’t notice any symptoms, so they don’t know they have it. Research from the University of Washington suggests that 50 percent of men and 70 to 80 percent of women don’t get symptoms at all with a chlamydia infection. Symptoms of chlamydia could occur as pain when you urinate, an unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or rectum or, specific to women, bleeding between periods or after sex. Chlamydia often produces no symptoms and complications can occur if left undeteced and untreated,according to Know My Status.“I had a friend who had chlamydia for a year and did not even know she had it,” says CWU Public Relations major Janet Parker. “Her cervix was so wounded by leaving it untreated that when she had found out she had it, the damage was already done. She is now unable to reproduce any children if she does decide to have any.” Chlamydia is super easy to treat, though. Since chlamydia is a bacterial infection, it is treated with antibiotics like Azithromycin and Doxycycline. These can be prescribed by your primary care provider, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

HERPES

Herpes, also known as the herpes simplex virus (HSV) is an STI that is caused by the same type of virus as cold sores. Genital herpes can cause outbreaks of blisters or sores on the genitals and anus. Once infected, you can continue to have recurrent episodes of symptoms throughout your life, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. There are two types of HSV; both viruses can affect either the lips, mouth, genital or anal areas. However, HSV1 commonly causes cold sores on the lips or face. HSV2 causes most genital herpes. It is easily spread when there are blisters or sores, but can still be passed even if a person has no current blisters or sores. While herpes can be treated through medication and other remedies, it cannot be cured according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. “If you have cold sores on your mouth and you perform oral sex on someone, you can spread herpes from your mouth to your partner,” says Calvert.

AN ESTIMATED

1 MILLION AMERICANS ARE

INFECTED WITH

GENITAL HERPES

AND AN ESTIMATED

3 MILLION WITH CHLAMYDIA

EACH YEAR Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

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AFTERMATH

Though for most people, the symptoms associated with oral or genital herpes infection are mild and/or infrequent, the negative impact a positive herpes test has on someone’s life can be enormous. The stigma associated with herpes is so great that a newly diagnosed person may feel that their life is over or that no one will ever love them again. “When I was diagnosed with genital herpes, I remember feeling dirty,” says Ella Dawson, social media editor, sex writer and TED Talk guest. “A lot of people think that the worst part of living with genital herpes is the symptoms.” Dawson continues, “The worst part is the emotional toll it can take on you. Most people who have herpes do not even have symptoms. If they do, it usually happens about once in their lifetime. That is how flawed our healthcare system is with educating people. That is how bad the stigma can be.” This all comes from a disease that is not deadly, infrequently associated with severe health problems and often not even symptomatic. The irony is that if people were aware of how common herpes is--how large a percentage of the population are infected with HSV1 and HSV2--the stigma associated with the disease would probably be a lot less significant. “It is said about 20 to 30 percent of the adult American population has genital herpes. But with the lack of information about herpes, that number is probably around 50 percent,” says Calvert. “Herpes is not even included in the regular STD screening. So, a lot of people are misinformed on that as well.”

REALITY

So, how do you protect yourself from contracting an STD? Well, condoms are a must but getting yourself and your partner tested regularly is something that should also be done. But the surefire way to never contract an STD is to never engage in any form of sexual contact with anyone—but that’s probably not very realistic. You can still live a fulfilling life with an STD. Whether it can be cured or not, you have to remember that you are not your infection. It may be hard to believe with the initial diagnosis, but you are not alone through this. There are so many people living with a very manageable infection. “You can still date and fall in love and have casual sex on softball fields with hot jocks from college. I mean, I am, and if I can then anyone can,” says Dawson, adding, “STIs are not a consequence. They are inevitable. The sooner we open the door for the discussion surrounding STIs, the sooner the pointless stigma diminishes.”

GET YOURSELF

TESTED

TODAY Make an appointment today at the Student Medical and Counseling Center on campus or visit www.findstdtest.org to find a testing center near you.

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29


REDEFINING RAPE

SPOTLIGHT

30

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Story by Bailee Wicks | Photos by Zahn Schultz Design & Illusration by Isabelle Grotting


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31


SPOTLIGHT

The last year and a half has been full of movements and controversies that have made reporting sexual misconduct of any kind more widely viewed and debated on. These include #MeToo, #HimToo, the Brett Kavanaugh and Larry Nassar cases and various comments made by President Trump’s administration. 32

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO


Arguably, no other place has felt the ramifications of sexual misconduct more than college campuses. PULSE reached out to Central’s administration to get their views on the rise in rape reports on our campus and the resources available to those who have and are suffering from sexual abuse.

National Collegiate Statistics The truth is that sexual assault and more specifically rape happens on all college campuses. “[Rape] is the most underreported crime,” says CWU Police Chief Jason Berthon-Koch. Actually, according to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, more than 90 percent of sexual assault victims on college campuses do not report the assault and 20 to 25 percent of college women are victims of forced sex during their time in college.

That is one in four to five women on campus being forcibly raped.

Social Movements Since April 2017, 252 celebrities, politicians, CEOs and other male public figures have been accused of sexual misconduct, according to Vox. As cases unfold in the media, a divide has been made, either siding with the accused/perpetrator or with the victims/survivors of sexual misconduct and assault. The divide was displayed during the recent Kavanaugh case. Kavanaugh was nominated for Supreme Court Justice and accusations were made that he had fondled Dr. Christine Blasey Ford 35 years ago. The report seemed to lose validity in some of the public’s eyes due to how long it took Ford to report. President Trump then stated, “It is a very scary time for boys in America,” which

sparked more controversy, separating men and women who advocate for women’s rights and an opposing party who argues that the reports instill fear in men of all ages to be wrongfully accused of sexual assault or misconduct. However, statistics say otherwise. Bryant adds, “In the last 11 years, I can’t think of one that was a sexual assault that came back as a false report [on campus]. It could be that we had insufficient evidence to prosecute, but I am unaware of a case where we determined a sexual assault as a false statement.” Even though the recent cases have caused a divide, the message of reporting is still getting out to the public and could be one of the reasons why more reports are occurring in the country and on college campuses.

Although it is stereotyped to be a woman’s problem, 15 percent of all college-aged men are victims of forced sex during their time in college as well, according to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center. “Usually drugs and alcohol are involved in these reports,” says Executive Director of Student Rights and Responsibilities Joseph Bryant. However, rape reports have risen in the last two years and there are a few theories as to why. FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

33


SPOTLIGHT

Rise in Reports on Campus Central’s reports of forced rapes increased from 12 to 25 in the last year according to the Annual Security and Fire Safety Report, but the number doubling is not necessarily a bad thing. The Clery Report within the Annual Security and Fire Safety Report is made up of all incidents that happen year round on any of campus’ property including Brooklane Village. “There’s no connection to what time of the year [rapes] happen,” says Berthon-Koch. “These numbers are for the year, which also includes times where our students are not here so if we have issues at campus or over the summer, those issues also count so it may not be directly tied to all our students, but it is something that happened on our campus.” Another theory to why the number of forced rape reports are rising is because of the resources available to students.

“We believe that the number of rapes themselves are not increasing,” says Kristin Perry, the violence response coordinator at the Wellness Center. “We think more people are feeling comfortable with reporting because of the resources and outreach we have available to students on campus.” Central Washington University President James Gaudino agrees that exposure to the issue can help people feel less isolated.

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“I can imagine the national movements described are giving students a little more confidence so they feel like ‘I’m not alone here’ and ‘I’m not the only one’ and are stepping forward and finding these resources available to them,” adds Gaudino. The idea is that the more people who are reporting, the less would be unreported over time. “It is the fact that it is doubling, but I hope that now instead of 90 percent going unreported, it goes down to 80 percent unreported and continues dwindling down,” says Gaudino.

Evidence to Report

One of the stereotypes and misconceptions of sexual assault or misconduct is that significant evidence is needed to report. “No evidence is needed to report. However, in an investigation, there will be some needed to continue in the disciplinary and criminal processes,” says Bryant. “There’s two different standards of evidences.” The school and police do their own separate investigations and need different amounts of evidence to take action. In the legal process through the campus police, the evidence needs to withstand in a court if escalated to that point; whereas the school sets forth an investigation based on the likelihood that the case is true and how to help the survivors of the assault from there. A recent misconduct and harassment case involved Matt Manweller, a political science pro-

fessor and Republican state representative. There were reports made against him multiple times, but the evidence was not as blatant and severe as dismissing a professor, according to Gaudino. “There are two processes: there is a process where we do an investigation internally and a due process that safeguards the accused,” explains Gaudino. “Those two things often battle each other. There’s an outrage because there’s belief [of misconduct] here, but there is a due process, employment law and contract law; you have to have a case to overcome those thresholds which are a burden to prove.” The first time sources came forth was years after the incident, they wanted to remain anonymous and not be a part of the investigation and their story lacked specificity. “If a woman waits five or six years to complain and doesn’t come forward with name ranking serial numbers and can’t validate them being in the class, that report we have embedded in the system becomes difficult to move forward in a disciplinary action and even in a criminal fashion,” says Gaudino. However, the case changed when more people felt comfortable with coming forward right after the incidents. “It is more acceptable for people to come forward. We also have made significant efforts to make it comfortable and not as scary for people to be coming forward with these type of things,” adds Perry. The university has assistance and resources for anyone who has had previous experience or is currently dealing with the repercussions of sexual assault and misconduct. If you happen to become part of the statistic, there is help for you.“We are here for all students,” says Perry.


First, get to a place where you feel safe. That can be your home, a friend’s house, a doctor’s office or even a public place so you don’t feel alone. Then, it is important to review all options when it comes to sexual assaults.

REPORTING ON CAMPUS You can report in many different ways on the Central campus. You can fill out a Behavior of Concern Report. That report then goes to the Office of Student Rights and Responsibilities. From there you will meet with someone to talk about what happened, then go over options for your safety. After that, the school will hold case hearings that the victim can decide if he or she wants to attend, and the school will make a decision on the case and let the victim know the outcomes. Another option would be to go straight to the Wellness Center and tell them everything so they can file a report with the victim’s story, which takes out the necessity of attending a meeting with Student Rights and Responsibilities. Sometimes it is difficult enough to tell the story once. The written report, Morse notes, means that “students don’t have to go through the story again with another person, so they don’t feel re-victimized.”

It is worth mentioning that no matter if you go to the police first, Central will receive the report after the police investigation and conduct its own investigation. An investigation through Central is entirely different than one done by police. If a person looks 51 percent guilty, they will be held responsible at Central, but with a police investigation, the alleged perpetrator is innocent until proven guilty. If you talk about your case with a faculty or staff member, they are required to report it.

REPORTING TO THE POLICE When reporting to police, a victim needs to know the difference between Ellensburg Police and Central Police. If they go to Ellensburg Police first, the Central Police do receive the report if the victim is a student. Both police departments hold their own investigations into whether there is probable cause or enough evidence for an arrest. Investigations can last months, so it can be a lengthy process.

REPORTING ANONYMOUSLY TO EITHER CENTRAL OR THE POLICE By reporting anonymously, the victim’s name would not be in the report, but the perpetrator’s would be. This option, although comforting to some, does not give the victim all the information about further hearings and the final outcome.

NOT TO REPORT AT ALL Sexual assaults are one of the most under-reported crimes. Even if a victim decides not to report the incident, they can still receive free counseling and help from both the Wellness Center and the Student Medical and Counseling Clinic. When choosing to not report at all, the victim cannot mention the perpetrator’s name to faculty or staff members, or else it has to be reported due to safety concerns.

To see more of our interview with President Gaudino, go to cwupulsemagazine.com

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35


SPOTLIGHT

The

Ev

Makeup by Nic Howe


e Beauty

volution Story by Lexi Phillips | Photos by LeAnna Chard | Design by Amanda Smith

For the typical Western woman, makeup is a vital part of everyday life. In fact, according to a survey released by Today and AOL in 2016, women spend an average of 335 hours each year doing their makeup. In many cases, makeup is seen as something used to cover up flaws and make you look beautiful—and for a long time, the beauty industry has promoted that, with mascaras meant to make your eyelashes twice as long and lipstick that’ll bring all the boys to your yard. Now, though, the way we wear, and view, makeup has evolved, as has the way it is sold to us. The conversation surrounding makeup is changing, and it’s time for us to listen.

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SPOTLIGHT

THE PURPOSE OF MAKEUP Makeup carries a stigma dating back decades in which women are seen as wearing makeup for the purpose of attracting men into their lives. And while this still may be the reason some people wear it, makeup now has many purposes. For Nic James and Libby Akin, both senior theatre arts majors, makeup is a tool for expressing themselves. “I feel like as an artist, I use it more as a tool now to execute a vision. Whether that be in cosplay or whether it be in creating a look for an event or whether it be just trying to make myself look cohesive head-to-toe, I see it as a tool, not as a necessity,” says James, who is also a BareMinerals makeup artist here in Ellensburg. The use of makeup as a statement or expression is common—in 2017, activist and Army soldier Chelsea Manning wrote an essay for Yahoo Beauty in which she talked about wearing dark lipstick to protest President Trump’s announcement that he would be banning transgender people from serving in the military. “I’m not just saying, ‘I like this edgy color.’ This is an expression of my humanity,” she said, adding, “I’m wearing a lot of bold lipsticks, because I’m trying to make bold statements: I’m here and I’m free and I can do whatever I want.”

“I’M WEARING A LOT OF BOLD LIPSTICKS, BECAUSE

I’M TRYING TO MAKE

BOLD STATEMENTS:

I’M HERE

I’M FREE

AND I CAN DO WHATEVER I WANT.” -Chelsea Manning

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D This patriarchal stigma hasn’t just gone away, though. Kelsy Colvin, a 35-year-old from Portland, Ore., argues, “As long as female sexuality is stigmatized, the tools women have historically used to express themselves as sexual beings will also carry a negative association.” That doesn’t mean we should shame women for wearing makeup, she says, just as we shouldn’t shame them for expressing sexual desire. Alexis Grimaldo, a 26-year-old makeup artist from Yakima, Wash. has experienced this stigma firsthand. “When I … once wore red lipstick, people told me, ‘That’s for hookers.’ And I’d be like, ‘Red lipstick is not like that [anymore].’” And just as makeup has been seen as a tool of attraction, it has also long been seen as a way to cover up your own insecurities. “I think that every generation goes through that at some point in their life,” says Shawn Phillips, a 54-year-old from Battle Ground, Wash. (related to writer). “I think in their early teens until they really find who they are and find that self-confidence within themselves … where they just didn’t like themselves unless they had their full makeup on, ready to go out, even if it was to the mailbox. But I think that as we age … we find that self-confidence to know that you’re wonderful whoever you are.” Meagan Hays, a licensed cosmetologist and esthetician from Kelso, Wash., says she doesn’t use makeup to hide. “For me, it’s highlighting my features and accentuating what I do like about myself,” she explains. “I really like the color of my eyes, so I will do … colors that will highlight my eyes.” Ultimately, why you wear makeup isn’t important, according to Akin. “We’re all wearing makeup regardless of what [our] intention is, so there’s no way for me to be like, ‘Women who wear makeup are insecure … or they’re conforming [to] the patriarchy,’” she says.

“I

“We should just always encourage each other to make choices based on our values and be yourself and not worry about other people’s personal journey with themselves.” -Libby Akin


THE MAKEUP REVOLUTION It’s no secret that makeup is changing. We are seeing more warm tones in eyeshadow and more vibrant colors all around as opposed to the nude trend we had just before. According to Hays, what we’re going through currently is a revolution—one that is pioneered by social media. Hays cites Instagram, YouTube and ‘beauty gurus’—YouTubers and social media influencers who create their following by posting beauty tutorials and blogs—as the major contenders of this. “I think that just a lot of people being more comfortable expressing who they are through makeup has changed the idea of makeup a lot,” says Hays. In addition to this, the brands and trends that have emerged in the last few years have found their way through social media. “That seems to be where the money’s coming from right now,” says James. “When you look at the statistics, beauty gurus sell so much product, and these companies are making so much [money] off of YouTube influencers.” In 2018, people watched more than one million beauty videos each day on average, according to BBC News. These videos are so popular that cosmetic brands have started collaborating with beauty influencers—sending them products to try out on social media and teaming up to create makeup lines and palettes, like the popular Morphe X Jaclyn Hill palette, for example. James also points out that it is becoming more common to not wear makeup at all, as well.

“While there are people who are, in 2018, more skilled at makeup than people in past generations, there are an equal amount of people who are deciding to say ‘no’ for sociopolitical reasons,” James says. “We see a lot of oils being used and lots of skincare being used, which I think is really important because instead of caking our face with these … heavy products, we’re investing in vitamin oils and we’re investing in caring for our bodies.”

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SPOTLIGHT

THE EMPOWERMENT DICHOTOMY If you spend any time on the internet, you’ve probably heard about the debate—is makeup empowering or not? This is a trend among many things which relate to women’s bodies and the patriarchal gaze. Just as a woman showing skin was once seen as ‘slutty’ and demeaning and is now being reclaimed as a woman owning her body, wearing makeup today is, arguably, doing just the same. “Makeup, in my lifetime, has been empowering me differently at different stages of my life. So, at certain times when I felt most vulnerable, having makeup made me feel like I could face the world. It was my armor against what people could actually see, because that was kind of not who I am,” says Phillips. “At other times in my life, like right now, makeup makes me feel empowered because I really feel like it presents myself as having it together at the age of 54. … I’m ready to greet the world … instead of ‘I’m hiding from the world’ at a different stage of my life.” For Colvin, using makeup to feel put-together has the opposite effect. “Makeup is one of the … many ways in which I learned in my socialization as a female that I was expected to alter my physical appearance to be deemed acceptable,” she says. “The idea that I should be received any differently whether I am wearing makeup feels like it imposes an unfair expectation on me.” -Kelsy Colvin “I choose to wear makeup at work to respond to the idea that I look ‘healthy’ and ‘put together’ when I am wearing it.” Colvin adds that she does enjoy wearing makeup in more casual environments when the makeup feels “more related to [her] style than about obligation,” though. Gloria Bacon, a sophomore communications studies major, says makeup empowers her because “being a black woman with short hair and someone who doesn’t necessarily dress in the most feminine way…makeup is a way to embrace my femininity in ways I can’t on a daily basis, which is really nice.” Makeup has a way of relating to one’s identity, especially today. According to Colvin, “Expectations of younger generations are looser when it comes to gender identity and expression and with that comes less gender-specific obligation to wear makeup or not wear makeup.” She adds, “In an environment where makeup feels more like a choice than an obligation, it has the power to be tied to personal identity and that is empowering.” 40

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James says his own identity plays a part in his wearing of makeup. “As a gay man myself, I constantly feel pressure to look attractive and to attract a mate, so when I do want to get myself together to be attractive to other people, I will put on makeup—and that is very oppressive, in my opinion,” he says. “There are definitely times when I put on makeup because I want to and I think that it’s fun and I think that I can express the ideas in my head, but I definitely think the idea of daily makeup is a product of the patriarchy.” However, both James and Akin agree that the word ‘empowering’ is not always applicable. “I don’t like it for myself because I’m not empowered by makeup,” says Akin.

“I EMPOWER MYSELF, AND I USE MAKEUP. IT’S JUST A STICK OF EYELINER; IT’S NOT A MAGIC TOOL FOR MAKING ME FEEL BETTER ABOUT MYSELF OF MAKING ME FEEL STRONGER.” -Libby Akin James adds, “I think that the empowerment behind makeup comes from the intention of the user. … Sometimes we use makeup to hide and we use makeup to conform to the heteronormative patriarchy. But I think that re-owning makeup and realizing that it is creative and it is a form of expression and using it for that purpose is, I think, empowering.”


BEAUTY BIAS Indeed, many big-name brands have started creating products meant for The beauty industry has long been considered as biased towards cer- darker-skinned people, such as Too Faced’s Cocoa Contour palette and Colourpop’s Brown Sugar line, which is a collaboration with model and tain groups of people—namely, actress Karrueche Tran. “if you happen to be a white, cis Another demographic that is beginning to find its acceptance in the woman then lucky you, everymakeup industry is men—in 2016, James Charles became the first male thing’s for sale,” says Akin. spokesmodel for CoverGirl, and has since become a big-name beauty Austin Kong, a first-year at guru alongside other male influencers like Jeffree Star, Manny MUA and CWU, adds, “There are a lot of Bretman Rock. makeup brands that are more However, there is still a way to go. “[The revolution has] definitely reserved when it comes to things, changed the game a lot and allowed a lot of men to come into the industry,” so it’ll always be for girls [and] it’ll says Hays, “but there’s still always that… I don’t want to say animosity, always be for certain skin tones.” but there’s a different view of men doing makeup.” Indeed, one of the most “[Almost] every ad is geared towards women,” says James, adding, hot-button issues as of late has been brands’ lack of diversity in “We’re starting to see men on posters in Sephora; we’re starting to see men in MAC ads. … A majority of the beauty gurus who are the most their foundation shades. Many makeup brands have been criti- successful are men right now, which is very interesting.” James also says that there still tends to be a disparity in the way straight cized for offering a wide variety of men do their makeup versus how gay men do it. “When you look at the lighter-skinned shades while only style of makeup that [these influencers] do, it’s very effeminate,” he says, having a small number of darker adding that it may speak to “the culture of straight women being drawn to shades. “There’s always another scandal, gay men because of pop culture, [which] influences the beauty industry.” With straight men, James says that “the reason [straight] men do not like, ‘This brand only has 20 shades play around … with fun, colorful makeup is due to heteronormativity; in their new foundation line’ and it’s always just white, white, white, I think it’s due to the social pressure for men to be extremely masculine and rugged and not be able to appreciate pretty things.” James says to white, white,” says Hays. amend this, It wasn’t until Rihanna created her own makeup brand, Fenty, in 2017 that a major brand was offer- “WE SHOULD STOP SELLING PRODUCTS ‘FOR ing a wide variety of darker shades MEN’ AND ‘FOR WOMEN’; IT SHOULD BE FOR as well as lighter shades. Since then, brands have begun releasing ALL. AND I THINK THAT WE SHOULD INCLUDE, their own darker skin-inclusive AS WELL AS FEMININE MEN, MORE MASCULINE foundation lines. Paulina Mendez, a makeup art- MEN IN ADVERTISEMENTS.” ist from Yakima, Wash., believes their intentions may not be as revolutionary as their actions, though. One bias that many don’t consider is age. When we think of age and “I think they’re competing,” she makeup, we often picture ‘age-defying’ products that are meant to reduce says. “They want to sell their prod- wrinkles and make the skin suppler. uct, obviously, because of money … “I think that there’s definitely … ageism that goes on,” says Phillips. “For but do they really care?” me, as an older woman, trying to figure it out can be quite daunting [or] But perhaps things aren’t as quite difficult to figure out. … I think there’s a whole generation that’s bleak as they seem. “I know that left out or not served.” there are a lot of black women that Phillips adds that stores like Macy’s are the biggest culprits, heavily are coming up into … [the] make- pushing products to make people look younger. “For me, it’s not about up industry and they’re the people looking younger, it’s about feeling better,” she says. “Not necessarily hiding that are creating it, and there’s all my flaws, but maybe accentuating the positives.” definitely a market for makeup for brown and black girls,” says Bacon. FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

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SPOTLIGHT

SELLING THE LOOK According to CWU Assistant Professor of Public Relations Emily DuPlessis, Like any industry, money is a signifthis selling point is not at all surprising. “I think advertisers are always going icant factor in what we are sold and to use the … buzz terms or whatever’s hot politically to push their products how it is sold to us. “There’s always out,” she says, explaining that this tactic is called newsjacking. “They can take going to be money in making people whatever hot topic is going on at the time and spin it into a way to get people feel beautiful,” says James, quoting his to pay attention.” aunt who also works in the makeup DuPlessis argues that using activism to sell a product isn’t necessarily bad. industry. In the last decade, beauty brands “When you look at it in terms of their voice to the masses, if they are pushing out a positive message,” she says, “that’s not a bad thing. That is still using their have begun using a new tactic to budget, which they would maybe otherwise spend on just an ad of a woman sell their products—activism. Take with beautiful hair; they’re using that platform to push out a message that maybe Pantene, for example. In 2014, the brand released its “Sorry, Not Sorry” would get a couple others to think twice about an issue.” James asserts that brands could go a step further, though. “If [brands] actually campaign in which it urged women want to make a difference instead of just selling makeup, [they should] donate to stop spending so much of their the proceeds to these causes,” he says. lives apologizing for trivial things. Just because a company isn’t donating publicly doesn’t mean they’re not There has been controversy surrounding these types of ads, though. donating at all, though. “Some of these big huge cosmetic companies … will In a 2015 article for Business Insider, funnel money into specific campaigns or political agendas in other ways; they just don’t do it on such a blatant statement as an advertisement, says DuPlessis. writer Nosheen Iqbal wrote about Pantene’s ad, “No more apologies “So, either way you look at it, companies are either spending money behind the scenes or … they’re spending money using their own advertising budget.” for existing, ladies (or for having limp, Colvin takes issue with the tactic “not because this type of self-expression dank locks). If the commercialization is negative for people,” she says, “but because I believe consumerism is bad for [sic] of the movement has taught us everyone and this type of advertisement is encouraging the next generation of anything, it’s that you can challenge gender norms, battle inequality … feminists to be active consumers.” and buy more shampoo.” NO MATTER WHERE YOU STAND ON MAKEUP, MAKE SURE YOU’RE DOING IT FOR YOU. AS MENDEZ SAYS, “EVERYBODY DESERVES TO WEAR WHAT THEY WANT.”

Makeup by Nic Howe

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OPENING THE CONVERSATION ON

CLIMATE CHANGE

Harsh Realities, Sustainability and You

T

The sun is shining, your bags are packed and you have the perfect road trip playlist. You and your friends are finally making that beach trip you have been planning for weeks. You get there, lay out your towels and look to the horizon. You turn to your friend and say, “Remember when Tukwila wasn’t a coastal town?” Sea levels have risen 3.2mm per year since 1933, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This means that cities like New York and New Orleans will be underwater if climate

Story by Nikole Chumley Design & Illustration by Matthew Conrardy change is not addressed and corrected now. PULSE sought out professionals, professors and Environmental Club members to understand why climate change is a big deal, and how students can become more aware of our contributions. Climate change and global warming are happening right now. There are several ways the individual can combat this imminent threat, but corporations are also responsible for this rapid degradation of the only home we will ever know.

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43


SPOTLIGHT

1.2 C

Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide

1.0

420 ppm

Temperature Anomaly

400

Carbon Dioxide Concentration

0.8

380

0.6

360

0.4

340

0.2

320

0.0

300

0.2

280

1880

NOW

Global Temperature data averaged and adjusted to early industrial baseline (1881-1910) Source: NASA GISS, NOAA NCEI, ESRL, & Climate Central

Warmer Fall Nights in Seattle 49 f 48 47 46 45 44 43 42

Minimum Temperature Trend

Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sector 6%

Buildings

25%

Electricity

+2 1970

2017

Temperature measured from September to November Source: RCC-ACIS.org & Climate Central

Natural vs. Human Caused Coastal Flood Days in the U.S Natural

Human Caused

10%

Other Energy

14%

Transportation

24% Agriculture, Land Use & Forestry

21%

Industry

Source: US EPA & Climate Central

Major Take-Aways from the 4th National Climate Assessment Released by The U.S. Global Change Research Program in 2017. Source: Climate Central

Red shows human-caused sea rise effects Totaled across 27 sites; must top NWS ‘nuisance’ thresholds

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The global average temperature has increased 1.8°F (1°C) from 1901 to 2016 North American maximum snow depth, and Western snow water have all declined. Global mean sea level has risen about 7-8 inches since 1900, with about 3 of those occurring since 1993. The world’s oceans have absorbed 93% of the excess heat caused by global warming since the mid-20th century. Oceans are warming, rising, and getting more acidic.


Why Does it Matter?

In the past, Earth’s climate has shifted dramatically, according to Dr. Susan Kaspari, associate professor in the Department of Geological Sciences at CWU. Kaspari goes on to say, “The huge difference today is the rate at which the climate is warming.” Earth, in the past, was able to undergo dramatic changes in climate because the changes were happening at a rate that could be sustainable by the life that inhabited it. Today, that simply isn’t the case. “Burning of fossil fuels and the emission of greenhouse gases is the largest cause of global warming,” says Kaspari, who elaborates, “These include deforestation, agriculture, raising livestock and landfill” as the most often talked about emission sites. All of these are essential in our society, which may be why it is so hard to find good solutions for restricting the damaging effects of climate change. There are three types of carbon that contribute to global warming and, overall, climate change. “Carbon dioxide,” says Kaspari, “is the largest cause of the warming that is occurring.” Kaspari spends her time studying another form of carbon—blackcarbon—which she says is the second-largest contributor to global warming. She explains black carbon as being “soot” that arises when biofuels and fossil fuels have not completely combusted. The reason that black carbon is so dangerous is that it absorbs the sun’s energy, which then causes the Earth to warm. This black carbon is carried to glacier surfaces by the wind and leads to darkening

of the snow and ice, increasing its absorption of the sun’s energy. The other carbon emission that is harmful to the environment is methane, according to Kaspari, which is what is most prevalent in the meat farming industry. Though it may seem like there’s a big divide between people who believe in climate change and those who don’t, Kaspari mentions that most students agree that the climate is changing and the Earth is warming. The tension is caused by misunderstandings about what those changes will bring about. “The United States is quite unique in that climate change is a politicized issue,” Kaspari says. Despite this, she makes a point that even with that tension, “common ground can still be found.” She also says that wanting clean air and access to water are things that many people agree are necessary. In our region, a changing climate will greatly impact water and wildfires, which go hand-in-hand a lot of the time, according to Kaspari, who says that less rainfall leads to more intense and frequent wildfires. This cycle also disrupts our much-needed snow during the winter because it will instead precipitate as rain, which is not beneficial to us in the summer months. Kaspari points out that these changes can already be seen in the precipitation records in our area. According to her,

these changes are not in the future— FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

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SPOTLIGHT

they are n Daily Food Choices

According to Katie Cantrell, founder and executive director of the Factory Farming Awareness Coalition, the single-biggest emitter of greenhouse gases is the food industry. “The top five meat producers emit more carbon than Exxon, Shell or BP,” says Cantrell. But it’s not all hopeless. Cantrell says that there are many ways that students can help but the best way is to simply stop buying meat. While that is quite extreme and can be unsafe for people who are unable to go vegetarian or vegan, Cantrell says that even cutting back on our meat intake will have a significant impact on our planet.

“If we cut out carbon

We, as humans, love the gratification of achieving our goals. Graham Hill, founder of TreeHugger.com, gave a TED Talk in 2010 about how he knows it is odd that someone as environmentally responsible as him is not a vegetarian. According to Hill, his “common sense and good intentions conflict with my taste buds.” So, he found the solution: be a “weekday vegetarian.” A weekday vegetarian is someone who stays away from “anything with a face” during the week and chooses what to eat on the weekends. Sariah Jones, a senior primate behavior and ecology major here at Central, says that this worked for her for a year and it made her feel really good about her eating habits. Hill goes on to say, “cutting meat out five days a week cuts our meat intake down by 70 percent.”

emissions from every other sector, the meat farming industry alone will use our entire carbon budget by 2050,” Cantrell says, urging us to understand just how much of an impact our food makes. Additionally, meat packaging and production requires immense use of plastic and Styrofoam and buying less will also cut back on total plastic use. Another point that Cantrell makes is that by buying less meat, we are also reducing the chance of having to throw out the meat we didn’t get the chance of eating, which has a twofold positive effect: it means an animal didn’t die for nothing and it reduces the methane emissions that come from rotting meat.

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Meat production makes more greenhouse gases than all the planes, trains and cars in the world Source: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization


ow. One of the single most effective ways to decrease our carbon footprint is through our food choices. Source: veganoutreach.org

“We can make meaningful impacts if we ask for more plant-based options on campus, not just asking to get rid of meat options.” — Katie Cantrell

Founder and Executive Director of the Factory Farming Awareness Coalition

Taking Action

At the student level, there are several things that can be done. Malena Niece, vice president of CWU’s Environmental Club, says that student involvement and awareness campaigns are their top priorities. Throughout the year, they host events that help students learn more about sustainable living. In fact, this year the club has the goal of making the SURC’s dishware more sustainable. Niece gives examples of simple changes that she makes daily, including riding her bike places rather than using her car to get around town. Reducing unnecessary vehicle travel, according to both Kaspari and Niece, is a decision that can have huge positive impacts on the environment. Niece also outlined a project on campus to get a compost machine, which is set to open in the spring. She explains, “We had to jump through a lot of hoops but the planned place is over by the community garden on Alder. … The set date is for the spring but if not, hopefully it will be open by fall of next year.” Cantrell, Kaspari and Niece all agree that the individual can make a difference, and it is all linked to the choices we make every day. For example, forgoing chicken in our Thai food in favor of tofu or vegetables is a cheaper, healthier option and it also is environmentally helpful. Jones opted to buy a set of reusable straws instead of getting single-use straws every time. Another easy change is not letting the water run when brushing your teeth, washing your face and doing the dishes. Some students use reusable containers when buying bulk items at grocery food store and going to the store’s butcher section for meat rather than buying plastic covered products. Kaspari also gives some resources for students that can help us determine our individual carbon impact, which can be found at The Nature Conservancy’s website. She also wants students to know about the Environmental Studies program here that offers a lot of courses for students to learn more about their impact on the environment and that also fulfill general education requirements. Some of the classes that Kaspari teaches discuss natural variations in climate, which gives students the opportunity to learn about the aforementioned past climate shifts and why and how this one is significantly different. As for how to hold corporations accountable, Cantrell brings up the power of the consumer. “Students are the customers,” she says, adding that “[students] have a lot of power.” Cantrell points out that we can make meaningful impacts if we ask for more plant-based options on campus, not just asking to get rid of meat options. She also advocates that students find organizations that are environmentally conscious to help with their goal of holding corporations accountable because it is much easier to feel the positive impact when you’re working with others. Kaspari talks about how important the leadership in companies are in bringing about change. She also says that it really does help to “make buildings more energy efficient” and “support mass transit.” These can be done at the local and state level by voting with your dollar and ballot. FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

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SPOTLIGHT

WHAT YOU CAN DO TIPS TO LIVE MORE SUSTAINABLY ON CAMPUS AND BEYOND Eat less meat and incorporate more plant-based proteins into your diet Reduce unnecessary vehicle travel Avoid single-use plastic items Vote for actions that promote sustainability and aim to reverse climate change

A changing climate will impact our lives in drastic ways. We, as individuals and students, can make seemingly insigniďŹ cant changes that add up over time. We also have power in holding large corporations and even our own university accountable for their environmental impacts. It doesn’t take a lot of action to start to help our environment but it does take inaction to destroy it.

Want to get involved even more on campus? Join the CWU Environmental Club on Mondays at 7:00 p.m. in SURC 140 48

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N

I

Story By Madeline Wilson | Photos By Josh Julagay | Design by Joe Petrick

It’s your first year at CWU and you’re required to live on-campus; you enjoy living in the dorms but don’t have a car. You and your friends are trying to figure out an easy way to explore Ellensburg without needing to walk too far. If only there were something you could do that doesn’t require a car and could pass a few hours around town. Suddenly, you remember that while scrolling through the App Store last week you saw a geocaching app. You decide to download it and discover that

many geocaches have been placed around town and on campus that are within walking distance of your dorm. You and your friends may have just found your new favorite, year-round weekend activity. Geocaching is a longstanding activity that many families and friend groups have been participating in for years. People all over the world work together in search of the small, treasure-filled capsules that have been hidden in plain sight.

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LIFE HACKS

WHAT IS GEOCACHING?

Geocaches, commonly referred to as ‘caches,’ are enclosed canisters that contain a log of people’s names who have previously found the cache and depending on the size, small treasures meant to be traded, according to REI. Geocaches come in any container you could think of, ranging from sizes extra-small to large and are normally placed by more experienced cachers. If you are just walking down the street, you may not realize it but you probably have already passed between one and two caches. Unless you are deliberately looking for a particular cache, they are very difficult to spot. However, with practice you can become an expert geocacher and they become easier to find without relying solely on a GPS.

WHERE TO FIND GEOCACHES

So, you now know what a geocache is, but how can you use the app to find them? The official Geocaching app has many features, but its main purpose is to serve as a map and a modern navigational tool in order to find a given cache. The caches appear as green dots on the map and, when selected, present you with a wide array of information.

“It gives you the ability to get away from the concrete … and instead, relax and enjoy the outdoors.” -Bart Hasz Coordinates, difficulty level, size and even hints are at your disposal. You can also find a virtual log of every person who has found that cache before you and often, experienced cachers have been known to leave tips for beginners. Using the coordinates, the app tracks how many feet away from the cache your location is and can be a guiding tool for finding your first cache.

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You may be thinking that in a small town such as Ellensburg, there couldn’t possibly be enough geocaches for it to be worth your time to start now. However, it may be surprising that Ellensburg is full of geocaches and there have even been some placed around campus. You may feel embarrassed openly searching for caches at first but Devlin Mee, a sophomore environmental science major, recommends that you “go to less urban caches … like in a park,” for your first time caching.

As you gain more experience, the time spent looking for a cache is lessened and you can try more exposed locations with bigger difficulty levels. Mee says, “Geocaching is like a team sport, [and] you [can] have more eyes to look for hidden caches,” which lowers the difficulty of caching for the first few times. Any time you are in need of a break from school you can download the app, grab a few friends and find geocaches in any of the numerous Ellensburg parks. Don’t worry if you don’t have a car or the bus stops don’t coincide with where you want to geocache because there are many caches within walking distance, even in the heart of downtown Ellensburg.


Sophomore Marissa Bonner says that for “students [who] stay inside way too much … it’s a really good way to get out … [and] to get exercise.” Even if you are not a fan of hiking, you could open the Geocaching app, find one that you are interested in and run or walk until you are in the general area of the cache. Searching for caches is a great way to get exercise every week without ever truly breaking a sweat.

You could walk to Main Street and be at a major caching hub in under 20 minutes. However, for those of you who do have a car and are interested in exploring outside of Ellensburg, there are many great trails and natural escapes that contain geocaches. “Most caching spots in the Pacific Northwest use good-sized caches and can be found near eye-drawing attractions on hikes,” says sophomore Bart Hasz. Hasz also explains that hiking trails and paths

Searching for caches is a great way to get exercise every week without ever truly breaking a sweat. can be great alternatives to going in town in search of geocaches because “it gives you the ability to get away from the concrete … and instead, relax and enjoy the outdoors.” Geocaching can be a great getaway for anyone who enjoys spending time in nature and also needs motivation to take a break from the stress of college life. Geocaching can also be a great weekend activity, especially if you are someone who wants to be more active but hates going to the gym or doesn’t have time in your demanding schedule.

Whether you’re a student in need of an escape from campus life or are a member of the community wanting to explore new parts of Ellensburg, geocaching is a great way to be active and spend time with your friends. You can go by yourself or with a group of people and no matter how many caches you find, you can still be continually challenged every time you search for a cache.

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Succulents Story by Madeline Wilson | Photos by Josh Julagay | Design by Kaitlyn Kurisu

It’s Friday afternoon; you’re done with all your classes and are bored, scrolling through Pinterest trying to find a new project to fill your free time. You see a post outlining the steps for making a dorm room garden and decide that you want to get some plants and try it for yourself. However, being a college student, your budget is tight so you’re not sure where 52

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to find cheap pots and plants in town. Suddenly, you remember that in your Biology class you overheard some students talking about free plants at the CWU greenhouse on Fridays. You decide to make a visit and find that there are carts full of free plants to start your new dorm room garden.


Taking care of house plants is not a new concept but it is an activity that has been re-popularized many times as new demographics of people have discovered their own variation of planting. The most recent trend in plants is the increasing amount of people who create their own succulent gardens. Succulent gardens are not what you typically think of when you hear the word “garden,” rather, they can be contained and designed in a single pot that exists in many college dorm rooms. Some students have started purchasing and designing their own succulent gardens simply for the aesthetic value they add to a space. Succulents or any type of plant can be a great way to add color to a room and can even help you explore your own creativity and decorating skills by purchasing unique pots and plants. Junior Maggie Higgins divulges that the row of unique ‘tea cups and candle holders [she] get[s] from Goodwill and antique shops,” are her creative way to display her succulents that add to her room decorations. Half the fun of buying plants is being able to display them in a container that shows off your own personal style. No matter your style, there are always ways to incorporate plants into your home décor. Junior Ariel Bender explains that ‘it doesn’t matter if you have a variety of mix-matched plants,” there is always a way to find pots and plants that match your decorating style. Another reason many students have gravitated toward buying their own plants is because of how beneficial they are to your mental health. One aspect of caring for plants is that they can provide you with a sense of control over an element in your life. “When they stay alive, it’s nice to know that you’re caring for something that is thriving,” explains Bender about why it is rewarding to see that you are caring for another living being. She also mentioned that “you’ll usually have to do research on what… [your plant] needs and when,” and that can be a useful tool for learning to care for different plants you are looking to buy, and for creating a routine to care for each individual plant species. Having multiple plants may allow you to routinize your weekly tasks around a schedule for each of your plants. Higgins explains that when she “need[s] to remember things like opening [her] drapes and drinking water” she is reminded by her plants’ need for sunlight and watering. Taking care of plants is a very small commitment but can be turned into a routine that benefits both you and the plants.

Similar to routinizing your week, plants can improve your daily productivity. By simply having plants present in your home or venturing somewhere in nature, plants can instantly change your mood for the day. Jonathan Betz, an instructional and classroom support technician in the Biology department, proposes that,

“there have been studies done

that just scenes of nature,

whether it’s a painting or just a background on a computer

screen ... has a positive impact on that person’s outlook for the day.”

Betz also mentions that he could “only imagine having a real live house plant has to be better,” than looking at images of plants. Whether you have your own or are able to visit the CWU greenhouse every once in a while, you can reap the benefits of being surrounded by plants. You may be worried that having plants is too large of a commitment but if you truly want to understand the mental advantages of having plants you can start by researching the least high maintenance plants and buying one with a cute pot to match. Try creating a routine for plant care and afterwards, you will soon see positive results in your mental health. Even if you prefer plants as a decoration rather than something living that must be cared for, you are still able to benefit from being in the presence of plants that are filtering the air and increasing your mood from their visual representation.

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AFTER DARK

Inside Inside the the Bottled Bottled Brain Brain A glimpse into addiction, family involvement and the road to recovery. Story by Anakaren Garcia | Photos by Zahn Schultz Design by Amanda Smith Recently, Mac Miller passed away from an accidental drug overdose. Before that, Demi Lovato released her documentary explaining her life as a substance abuse user. And in previous years other celebrities have overdosed on drugs or passed away due to excessive alcohol intoxication. But some questions remain—how much could a person have intervened in these people’s lives? Is it true that you really need to want to help yourself before others can help you? There’s no one right or wrong answer to helping a person dealing with substance abuse.

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In Their Eyes

Someone can you give you all of the and facts about what drugs and alcohol do to your body. But learning about someone’s own experience is a different story. David A. Douglas, an ITAM senior lecturer at CWU, has been in recovery since the age of 24. Douglas was raised in Tacoma by a single mom and three other siblings. At 12 years old, he experienced a death in his family which is what then triggered him to begin drinking. By the age of 17 his mom signed for him to enroll into the military early. But at 24 years old Douglas started using crack-cocaine. “That’s a drug you don’t just try once,” he says. After starting his use of crack-cocaine, Douglas went to his first treatment for a person in recovery. It was also at that age that he was now father to his son Tyler. By the age of 29, he was a two-time convicted felon for burglary and possession. “I truly believed that my life, as I knew it, was over,” says Douglas. “I was facing some pretty serious stuff, legally, but … inside my soul was broken.”

Shortly after, Douglas attended Pierce College to get his degree in counseling but then ended up working at Fred Meyer in Loss Prevention, still as a two-time convicted felon. “And that right there was a real pivotal moment in me, that shame and that doubt and going, ‘No, I can do whatever I want to do,’ even as a convicted felon,” says Douglas. Douglas remained sober and working at Fred Meyer for almost 10 years when he moved to Ellensburg to be closer to his son, Tyler, who lived in Yakima with Douglas’ ex-wife. But, “life happened, [I] went through a divorce, I had a small business that was struggling financially, I had to put my dog down,” says Douglas. “I was in a lot of emotional pain and so [I] spent about four months in 2006 drinking and doing drugs again and I knew quickly that this wasn’t going to work.” After going back into recovery, Douglas attended CWU in 2010 and was working on a teaching assistantship. He also went back to court to vacate his felony record so he would no longer be a convicted felon. Since then, Douglas has been working at CWU and telling his story about his road to recovery.

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AFTER DARK

Drugs & Alcohol

Today it seems like drugs and alcohol are everywhere, whether it’s in the news, in a movie, on a TV show, on billboards or on posters that read ‘Don’t do drugs’ or ‘Don’t underage drink.’ It’s clear that drugs and alcohol can take a toll, both mentally and physically. But what exactly do drugs and alcohol do to the body? Drugs, in particular, all have different effects on the body and brain. But they all have one thing in common: they affect your body’s central nervous system. According to the Better Health website, drugs can change the way you think and behave. These effects are caused by depressants, hallucinogens and stimulants. The strength of these effects all depend on the dosage you intake, how it was made, how much your body can handle and your own mental health. Alcohol has similar effects. The Better Health website elaborates, when you drink excessively for a long period of time or only drink occasionally but binge drink when you do, you can affect your brain’s communication pathways, which in short means you can have mood swings, changed behavior, and you won’t be able to think clearly. According to the Centers for Disease Control, in 2017, drug overdose took the lives of 72,000 Americans, a 10 percent increase from the year prior to that.

Getting Help

Emily Brown, a therapeutic courts manager from Merit Resources in Ellensburg, explains how Merit Resources helps people in recovery. This non-profit organization primarily focuses on out-patient alcohol and drug treatment such as “intensive out-patient education and DUI victim [impact] panel,” says Brown. Merit also does assessment and referrals for patients who need in-patient treatment. Their intensive out-patient program includes family components, which is “a great service we provide,” says Brown. “IOP is generally three days a week for three hours, so on one day of that week it’s about education and they bring their family or a partner,” says Brown, “And they get education about the disease—the substance use disorder—because it affects the whole family.” Merit Resources also has a family review for participating family members who come along with the people in recovery. These family reviews are meant to be an understanding of how substance abuse can affect everyone surrounding the person who was in use.

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“That family piece has been really helpful and beneficial, I like that we can offer that to our folks because the use has affected the family and so the recovery needs to include the family,” says Brown. “And we know that if people have that support they’re going to be more likely to be successful.” Brown specifically works in the Drug Court for Kittitas County. This is a specific program that focuses on substance use felony offenders. If the people in this program are successful, they get their felony charges dropped. 101 people have graduated successfully from the Drug Court program, and in a calculated five-year recidivism, it came up that less than 35 percent of those people who graduated had reoffended. “It’s a way I can illustrate that this program specifically is successful in helping people change their lives,” says Brown. “We know that recovery is possible; we know that people go on to lead successful lives.”


Family Involvement

Having a family to support you or having a family that doesn’t want anything to do with you can play a major role in one’s road to recovery. “A lot of families don’t know how to help in this arena,” says Douglas. “A lot of it’s just, ‘Well, you just need to quit,’ and it’s not that easy, even if you believe addiction is a disease [or] not, it doesn’t matter. Coming off of drugs is really hard in getting to a point of health.” 54-year-old Shawn Phillips from Battle Ground, Wash., spent years trying to be supportive and loving towards her family members who are substance abuse users. Phillips would provide her substance use family members with a place to live when they were in recovery and helped them as much as she could. But, it eventually became too overwhelming. “There are certain people in my family that I don’t allow in my life, I can’t do that cycle anymore,” says Phillips. “It doesn’t mean I don’t love them, it just means that when they’re in my life, it’s pyscho.” Learning from experiences, Phillips says, “You can’t love someone enough to get them sober.” She adds, “They have to do that for themselves.” In Brown’s experiences working at Merit Resources, she says that a family’s support really depends on how they feel. “Some are going to be really excited that their family member is in treatment, some are going to be scared, some are going to be still potentially angry,” says Brown. “Sometimes the family is the victim of the crimes that person may have committed.”

Is It Possible?

People who are looking to seek help for their substance abuse disorders sometimes don’t know where or how to start. But help and recovery is possible for anyone. You can get better. You can also help others by guiding them down the path to recovery. “You really have to lean in on the people that are trying to support you,” said Lovato.

“You know, you really have to surrender because that’s when the change is going to happen.” -Demi Lovato

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Celebrity Life & Death It often seems that celebrities are under constant pressure to live up to a certain expectation. Although we don’t know the exact feelings they’re dealing with, it’s clear this can bring them stress and anxiety-possibly leading them to drug and alcohol use.

Demi Lovato

In Demi Lovato’s documentary, “Simply Complicated,” Lovato explained her life as a substance abuse user and her difficulty in recovering. “I was depressed at a very young age, fascinated by death, wondering what it would be like to have a funeral. I never knew why I would think so darkly. And it took me a long time to figure out what was actually going on,” she said. Lovato was 18 when she went to treatment for the first time and it was then that she was diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder. But even having gone to treatment, Lovato said she wasn’t working on the program she was in and she was constantly sneaking drugs on planes and in bathrooms. “I went on a bender of, like, two months where I was using it daily,” said Lovato. “There was one night where I used a bunch of coke and I popped a few Xanax bars and I started to choke a little bit and my heart started racing and I remember thinking, ‘Oh my god, I might be overdosing right now’.” After Lovato’s documentary hit the public, she returned to substance abuse and was admitted to the hospital for a suspected drug overdose in August, but has been sober since.

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Mac Miller

Mac Miller’s accidental drug overdose triggered a lot of his fans to blame his ex-girlfriend Ariana Grande for not staying with him through his constant battle with substance abuse. Miller accidentally over dosed on Fentanyl and cocaine while also drinking alcohol in September 2018. His official cause of death was mixed drug toxicity. In his documentary, “Stopped Making Excuses,” Miller talks about his use of drugs and their effect on his mind. “At one point, weed didn’t relax me from everything,” said Miller. “It made me more paranoid about all the shit happening, right? So, I need to get a drug that was a little more numbing, if you will, and less, like, in your head.” Miller also stated that overdosing wasn’t a “cool” thing to do. “When you stop making excuses for myself, that’s when it really was, like, you step out and look at how this looks to someone who doesn’t have any idea I’m famous, or whatever,” said Miller. “[If someone] walks in and looks at the situation, they’re going to be like, ‘This is f**ked up,’ you know?”


Amy Winehouse

Amy Winehouse passed away from accidental alcohol poisoning in 2011. Her blood alcohol level was .416, .35 is the fatal alcohol level. “We understand there was alcohol in her system when she passed away—it is likely a build-up of alcohol in her system over a number of days,” according to Dr. Christina Romete, Winehouse’s personal doctor. During her life, Winehouse had a reputation of excessive drinking and erratic behavior. Winehouse’s father, Mitch Winehouse, reported saying that Amy would call him to let him know she had been one week, or two weeks, sober but then she would end up drinking soon after their conversation. “She did not want to die,” says Dr. Romete in an E News article in September 2018. “She was looking forward to the future.”

NEED HELP OR KNOW SOMEONE WHO DOES?

1-800-662-HELP (4357)

Michael Jackson

Michael Jackson’s death in 2009 was officially reported to be cardiac arrest. But Dr. Conrad Murray, Jackson’s personal physician, was sued for the death of Jackson on the grounds of involuntary manslaughter for giving Jackson a “fatal cocktail of medications,” according to the Washington Post in 2016. Author Matt Richards and documentary filmmaker Mark Langthorne said Jackson took excessive amounts of “Percocet, Darvocet and, during his subsequent scalp treatments, large amounts of Demerol, all of which kick-started decades of dependence on narcotics.” Jackson relied heavily on Dr. Murray to supply him with these narcotics. According to the Washington Post, Jackson andMurray were both facing financial troubles.

SAMHSA’s National Helpline is a free, confidential, 24/7, 365-day-a-year treatment referral and information service (in English and Spanish) for individuals and families facing mental and/or substance use disorders.

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OUR TOWN

Cannabis Calendar 60

FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO


Cannabis Central Daily Specials Monday

15% off Edibles/Tinctures + all single Grams $10 & under

Tuesday

The Fire House Daily Specials Everyday

Military and Medical Discounts 10%

$4 Joints 2 for $7 $5 Joints 2 for $8 $7/$8 Joints 2 for $12 $13 Joints 2 for $22

Wednesday

$5 off Concentrates + Cartridges

Thursday

Student Discounts 10%

All $15 Single Grams $10 All $25 2g $20

Wax Wednesday

Friday & Saturday

$15 Gram Concentrates $15 Eighths of Flower

The Green Shelf Daily Specials Everyday

Military and Industry 10%

Tuesday

Vendor Day Specials

Sunday

$15 off Topicals 20% off for Seniors (55+)

Weekly Happy Hours Everyday 2-5 p.m.

Student Discounts 10%

Wake and Bake

9-10 a.m. 20% off Sativa + Sativa Hybrid

Night Cap Specials

Sun-Thurs 8-9 p.m. Fri-Sat 9-10 p.m. 20% off Indica + Indica Hybrid

Design & Photo Illustration by Joe Petrick

Tuesday

PULSE does not condone irresponsible or illegal drug use. FALL 2018 | ISSUE TWO

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AFTER DARK

Daily Specials MONDAY Iron Horse Brewery $5 Tasting Menu The Porch $5 Mojitos The TAV $1.50 PBR Wings $2 Bud Light

TUESDAY Blue Rock $1 Tacos Iron Horse Brewery $5 Tasting Menu The Palace $.88 Tacos $2.50 Coronas $3.75 Loaded Coronas The Porch $2 Tacos $2 Coronas $5 Loaded Coronas $3 Well Tequila Shots

The TAV $7 Domestic Pitchers Wings $.59 Wings 1/2 OFF Bomb Shots

WEDNESDAY Blue Rock $5 Burgers Iron Horse Brewery $5 Tasting Menu The Palace $4 Moscow Mules The Porch $5 Glasses of Wine The TAV $7 Domestic Pitchers Wings $2 Coronas $3.50 Loaded Coronas $5 Coronitas

THURSDAY Blue Rock $1 Beer $5 Long Island Iced Teas The Porch $4 Pints The Palace $.88 Tacos $2.50 Coronas $3.75 Loaded Coronas The TAV $5 Wells $2 Tequila Wells

SATURDAY The TAV $2.50 Fireball Shots SUNDAY Wings All Drink Specials

301 Ladies Night - $1 Wells

PULSE does not condone underage or irresponsibe drinking.

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301

5-7pm & 9-10pm everyday

Blue Rock 2-6pm Tuesday-Friday

Design & Illustration by Amanda Smith

The Palace 4-7pm everyday

Roadhouse 2-6pm Tuesday-Friday

The Porch 3-6pm everyday

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OUR TOWN

www.cwupulsemagazine.com

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Profile for Pulse Magazine

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