INDA 2018-2019

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The International Program in Design and Architecture (INDA) was initiated by Professor Bundit Chulasai, Ph.D., and in August 2004, as the head of the Architecture Department, he appointed Preechaya Sittipunt Ph.D. to head a curriculum development committee, including Associate Professor Pinraj Khanjanusthith, Ph.D., Associate Professor Piyalada Thaveeprungsriporn, Ph.D., Chaiboon Sirithanawat, Assistant Professor Rachaporn Choochuey, Ph.D., and Assistant Professor Wonchai Mongkolpradit, Ph.D. Preechaya has served as the director of INDA since its launch in 2006, and Assistant Professor Pornprom Mannontaratana joined as deputy director in 2010. INDA has grown considerably from its first incoming class of forty-eight students to its current annual enrollment of eighty students. INDA offers a Bachelor of Science in Architectural Design that aims to produce critical and inquisitive graduates whose knowledge and skills transcend the typical definition of ‘architect’ while embracing broader fields of study within the design discipline. While the program primarily focuses on architecture, INDA graduates are designers who pursue careers in a wide range of areas including urban design, landscape design, product design, interior design, strategic design, communication, fashion, real estate, hospitality, integrated studies, business, branding, marketing, and management. As an international program that collaborates with universities and organizations around the world, INDA encourages students to engage local (Thailand), regional (Asia), and global issues, contexts, and values. INDA empowers students with the critical and conceptual thinking skills they need to question and challenge the world around them. INDA stimulates a dynamic, inspiring, and experimental learning environment outside conventional standards and prepares students for a rapidly changing future.

Bundit Chulasai, Ph.D.

INDA’s first graduating class, 2010

Preechaya Sittipunt, Ph.D. INDA Director, 2004-2018

INDA’s current graduating class, 2019

Preechaya Sittipunt, Ph.D.

DIRECTOR’S STATEMENT The International Program in Design and Architecture (INDA) was established at the Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University in 2006 and guided under the direction of Dr. Preechaya Sittipunt as the first program director. For over a decade, INDA has thrived as one of the best international programs in design and architecture in Thailand. Currently, INDA consists of over 300 students and thirty international faculty members from thirteen countries around the world. Established under Thailand’s oldest university, we believe our prestigious tradition, culture, and heritage combined with our diverse international design approaches--ranging from the pragmatic to the experimental--have become our strongest assets to produce well-rounded graduates for the future. Many of the unique experiences at INDA are documented in this book, giving a broad overview of the design studios and other exciting courses offered throughout the semester. During the breaks, students are also encouraged to participate in various activities carefully designed to expose them to practical and collaborative experiences with our faculty, communities, and external program partners. Each year, INDA offers approximately twenty Option Studios, ten Design Experimentation Workshops, and ten Design-Build Projects and Design Construction Projects for Communities as well as studyabroad opportunities including educational trips, international workshops, and exchange programs. Most importantly, to ensure true diversity, not a single project in INDA’s history has been duplicated or offered twice. As the year 2020 approaches, not only will we continue to provide the best platform for students to learn and develop their knowledge, skills, and creativity, but INDA will go through a program transformation with new curriculum offerings, new project initiatives, and new exchange possibilities. We are proud to welcome three alumni instructors in 2019, and we are excited to host the 25th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) in April 2020. We hope that these changes will enable our faculty members and students to become a crucial part of building INDA as a leading international design and architecture program in Asia.

Surapong Lertsithichai INDA Director


DESIGN EXPERIMENTATION WORKSHOPS (DEX) METASITU Inteligencias Colectivas SomePeople Hochschuh and Donovan Parsons School of Design Andrew Kovacs TAKK Meiji University

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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN IV R.E.-F.I. The Corridor: A Living Museum of Diversity The Long Journey Landscapes for Ornament Botanical Futures A Chthulucenic Feast Monumental Wastelands Augmented Architecture 01: Interplay of Digital and Physical Environments











DESIGN-BUILD IOT Garden Ceramic Experimentation Inda Pops-Up Ephemeral Events Observatories and The Sublime, Big-Data and The Public The Chinatown Effect 705 Redux


ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V Enrichment: Architecture in the Age of Commodity Fetishism Sanyen: The Tropical Montane Cloud Forest Departure, Arrival Anthropomorphic Parad(e)-ism The Instant Sublime and Subliminal Filters Urban Arks The (Planetary) Beach Fantastic Facades and Where to Find Them Limits of Closure My Family K-12 Psychoscopic Boundaries

EXCHANGE PROGRAMS National University of Singapore Architectural Association Chu Hai College of Higher Education Technical University of Munich University of Seoul Tunghai University L’École nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris (Belleville) Meiji University Parsons School of Design



NEWS AND EVENTS INDA Parade Evolo Skyscraper Competition Association of Siamese Architects (ASA) Forum TALA Awards Oslo Architecture Triennale Seoul Biennale Tact Tom Tom Night

Pylonesque Ban Huai Mae Bon School Indigenous Rangers Nang Loeng Community Plaza

Visual Ecolophonic Fieldworks Monuments of Collectivism Forgotten Joinery Itinerant City Ornament and Crime?





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F E 20 U Q I 19 L B O

Jidapa Srimachand and Pimboon Wongmesak, Parsons School of Design workshop





The Design Experimentation Workshop (DEX19) aims to question and challenge the disciplinary boundaries of architecture and serve as an experimental platform for students to investigate a broad range of topics related to architecture but not limited to buildings. This year’s theme, ‘Oblique Futures,’ aims to acknowledge architecture’s historical and ever-evolving dislocation between disciplines, seeking to trace diagonals across multiple interdisciplinary timelines by questioning ‘what we do’ and ‘why we do it;’ looking simultaneously backward and forward under the three categories of techno-ecologies, critical objects, and computational disobedience. Referring conceptually to the ‘Oblique Strategies’ developed by Brian Eno and The Oblique Function by Architecture Principe, the workshop’s theme embraces approaches that leverage both thinking and performing through the oblique with respect to architecture and the near future, serving as ‘triggers for experiences’ while ‘engaging the body in a culture of imbalance.’ Techno-Ecologies: There are no clear lines that separate technology from ecology, nature, production, politics, and people—only hazy boundaries that grow fuzzier the closer one looks. Critical Objects: Inanimate but living, devoid of personality yet anthropomorphic, material and immaterial, free of meaning while simultaneously loaded with content—‘what’ can also be thought of as ‘who’ Computational Disobedience: Computers, machines, and robots permeate the world and all aspects of human, nonhuman, living, and non-living beings—they can be controlled and be given control. Let’s dance!


Hadin Charbel


Inteligencias Colectivas Mae Durán and Lys Villalba

Hochschuh & Donovan Katrin Hochschuh and Adam Donovan Katrin Hochschuh and Adam Donovan met in 2016 in Zurich, Switzerland. Hochschuh has an architectural background in digital design and robotic fabrication, exploring architectural geometries, algorithms, swarm simulation, and interactivity. Donovan’s work combines the highly specialized field of scientific acoustics and robotics with the visual arts which he has been researching since 1996. Together, they create sophisticated robotic mechanisms that play with the unobtrusive and uncanny systems within us. Their works and machines invoke an otherness or timelessness that is only present in the here and now.

Maé Duran and Lys Villalba are Spanish architects and cofounders of Zoohaus collective, a networking platform born in 2007 in Madrid mixing up interests related to the fields of architecture and urbanism. Zoohaus develops the research and prototyping project Inteligencias Colectivas (Collective Intelligences) in collaboration with local agents in more than twelve countries. Inteligencias Colectivas has been awarded with several prizes such as Arquia/Próxima and has been exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York and at the MAK in Vienna.

METASITU Liva Dudareva and Eduardo Cassina

Meiji University Manuel Tardits Manuel Tardits has been a professor of architecture and urban design at Meiji University since 2013. He has also been teaching at ICS College of Arts and was a visiting lecturer at various Japanese universities. He is presently a principal at Mikan, which is an architectural practice with a large portfolio of projects extending from furniture to houses and larger facilities.

METASITU is a research-based and socially-driven practice, pendulating between Kiev and Athens. We usurp artistic roles (artists, curators, coordinators) in order to create a platform for supporting our research, to reach different actors, and to establish bridges across different disciplines. Liva Dudareva was trained as a landscape architect in Jelgava and Malmö and at the Edinburgh College of Art with a strong focus on urban research and representation. Eduardo Cassina was trained as an architect and urban sociologist in Glasgow, Porto, Amsterdam, Beijing, and London and is interested in how the built environment is inhabited and subverted. For the past three years, we have been researching alternatives to traditional master planning techniques for post-industrial shrinking cities.

Andrew Kovacs Andrew Kovacs is an Assistant Adjunct Professor at UCLA Architecture & Urban Design where he teaches design studios and seminars at both the undergraduate and graduate level. In 2015, Kovacs published the book Architectural Affinities as part of the Treatise series organized and sponsored by the Graham Foundation in Chicago. Additionally, he is the creator and curator of Archive of Affinities, a widely viewed website devoted to the collection and display of architectural b-sides. Kovacs’ design studio, Office Kovacs works on projects at all scales from books, exhibitions, temporary installations, interiors, homes, speculative architectural proposals, and public architecture competitions.

TAKK Mireia Luzárraga and Alejandro Muiño

Parsons School of Design Brian McGrath

Kyriaki Goti and Erik Martínez Kyriaki Goti is a Visiting Assistant Professor at Pratt Institute School of Architecture and founder of the design and architecture studio SomePeople. Erik Martínez is a licensed architect in New York State. He received his Bachelor of Architecture from Pratt Institute and an ITECH MSc from the Institute for Computational Design at the University of Stuttgart. Their work focuses on the application of cutting-edge technologies such as robotic fabrication and computational design in architecture and construction.


Brian McGrath is a professor of urban design and the former Dean of the School of Constructed Environments at Parsons School of Design. He is the founder of urbaninterface, an urban design consultancy with expertise in architecture, ecology, and media. His books include: Urban Design Ecologies Reader (2012), Resilience in Ecology and Urban Design (2012), Digital Modeling for Urban Design (2008), Cinemetrics (2007), and Transparent Cities (1994). McGrath is also a Principal Investigator in the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. He served as a Fulbright Senior Scholar in Thailand in 1998-99 and was an India China Institute Fellow in 2006-2008. He received his Master of Architecture degree from Princeton University.


Takk // Mireia Luzárraga + Alejandro Muiño is a space for architectural production based in Barcelona focused on the development of experimental and speculative material practices at the intersection between nature and culture in the contemporary framework. Their work has been shown in international events such as the Venice Architecture Biennale 2014 and part of their work belongs to the permanent collection of FRAC Centre Val de Loire. In addition to their professional practice, Mireia Luzárraga and Alejandro Muiño are Master tutors at IAAC (Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, ES), and teachers in Architectural Design UA (Universidad de Alicante, ES), and at BAU (Barcelona Design University Centre, ES).

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures



Instructors Eduardo Cassina and Liva Dudareva

OBJECTIFY_UR_RSRCH How to bridge research and design thinking? How can different objects disrupt the creative process, and encourage unexpected solutions and synthesis? What objects can allow you to explore your design subject from as many different angles as possible?

Supanat Chaiyanopakul

Throughout the workshop, students are invited to create their own objects to facilitate their creative process. The object is considered a means to an end rather than an end in itself. Throughout the workshop students develop ‘critical objects’ unique to the creative and research needs of an architect and urbanist. Students participate in a series of individual and collective exercises that guide their thinking and making process, during which they formulate a research question, develop an idea for an object that would assist them in the process of design and strategy making, create that object, and demonstrate how it answers the original research question.


Thunda Rerkpaisan

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

Supanat Chaiyanopakul

INTELIGENCIAS COLECTIVAS Instructors Lys Villalba and Mae Durán

An Archive of Bangkok’s Techno-ecological Devices, ‘Critical Objects’ and Computational Disobedients Inteligencias Colectivas is an open design and research tool that brings together real-life examples of smart constructions and hybridizes them with contemporary needs through cuttingedge prototypes. This workshop produces an archive of Bangkok’s collective intelligences according to three categories: techno-ecological devices, critical objects, and computational disobedients. All of the content in the archive is shared under a Creative Commons license with all INDA students, who will be able to use this information in future projects. INDA students,

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures


SOMEPEOPLE Instructors Kyriaki Goti and Erik Martinez

Flat and Bent: Developable Surfaces as Structure The objective of the workshop is to explore the potential of developable surfaces as structure. By looking at textile patterning techniques, students are asked to reinterpret these patterns in materials that are stiffer than fabric. Elastic bending of wood and paper is used to give stiffness and increased structural capacity to thin materials. Through iterative modeling, each student group develops a tectonic strategy in paper which is then built in thin plywood at 1-to-1 scale. Through the exercise, students learn about the relationship of two-dimensional pattern to three-dimensional form, the link between material performance and capacity, and the digital simulation tools necessary to achieve their designs.

Takrit Mekpanuwat Patr Vacharanukulkiet and Pisitt Sae-Tan

Exhibiting a bent plywood prototype outside the Thailand Creative and Design Center (TCDC)

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures 17

Pittaya Thamma, Kandanai Sudsanguan, Bhuvarin Thaveetermsakul, and Tanpasorn Chinda-Udom

HOCHSCHUH & DONOVAN Instructors Katrin Hochschuh and Adam Donovan

Technology sublime - Preventative medicine for a dystopian future Using a hands-on approach, this workshop offers an introduction to microcontrollers, sensors, kinetics, and robotic-activated systems to see how non-anthropomorphic objects can create compassionate responses in humans. Using a variety of sensors, we discuss and explore new forms of mapping data and consider ways of achieving biofeedback mechanisms. These experiments aim to activate and react to environmental influences for the purpose of collecting data for spaces that learn over time.

Students acquire a new understanding of the basics of technology that are hidden in all of the devices surrounding us every day. Instead of being pure consumers of technology, we stimulate an awareness of possibilities for how to take control and creatively appropriate technology. The workshop urges students to ponder the vulnerability of our future intelligent architectural offspring, bringing into the forefront the role of robotics and technology for future empathetic cohabitation.

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures



Chanarop Phothisit and Vich Vichyastit

Same Same but Different: Four Villages in Chiang Mai Just 7.5 kilometers from the center of the expanding city of Chiang Mai, farmers gather and direct the annual monsoon waters through an intricate pattern of weirs and canals to fill rice paddies, as their ancestors have for centuries. However, for almost ten kilometers, this rural system winds inside the city’s newly constructed Outer Ring Road, trapping villages, temples, irrigation canals, and hundreds of rice paddies within land planned for urban expansion. Meanwhile, dozens of gated subdivisions and new commercial buildings are rising along the new ring road in land designated for agricultural preservation.

Groups of INDA students and Parsons students worked on one of four sites, each containing the same elements, but in different situations: a village with a Buddhist temple and monastery, an irrigation weir and canal network, an area of rice cultivation, and several sites meant to support social infrastructure. Students compared the anthropological descriptions and historical photographs of the village with documentation of contemporary structures that reflect the adaptations of a rural village to an urban economy. The workshop emphasized field work including interviews, hand drawing, rapid assessment, and prototyping ideas based on participatory action research.

Proudwarin Phannachet and Marisa Rosam


Boontita Boonsusakul, Buncharin Eua-arporn and Kanin Or Suthamanuswong

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

O.K. Instructor Andrew Kovacs

Bangkok Super Object From the Elephant Building to the Robot Building to OMA’s pixelated tower, the architecture of Bangkok demonstrates a desire for architecture to play a larger role in the construction of a city. Bangkok Super Object aims to tap into this rich quality of Bangkok. The ambition of Bangkok Super Object is on the one hand to visit these charming structures of the city, while also scouring Bangkok for materials that will be useful in the construction of a large speculative architectural model that will be conceived as a new form of collective living for the 21st century.

Working within the theme of ‘Critical Objects,’ the material to generate this model will be searched, gathered, sourced, and altered through a number of trips in Bangkok that will also serve as site visits. The workshop will employ a methodology of ‘Making Architecture from Architecture.’ If architecture organizes the world around us, this method proposes to evaluate and appropriate this material toward new architectural purposes.

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures


TAKK Instructors Mireia LuzĂĄrraga and Alejandro MuiĂąo

Anthropocene Ornaments Nature has always been a reference for architecture, both formally and ornamentally, but climate change and the age of the Anthropocene indicate a turn in the formerly friendly relationship between man and nature. Nature is no longer a virginal and kind space where we can extract metaphors in an uncritical way. Contemporaneous nature demands the attention of philosophers, ecologists, historians, and scientists as a threatening entity with a highly destructive power.

Mesiya Hiransiriswad Tanyaluck Kittithirapong and Panas Saengvanich

This workshop envisions Anthropocene landscapes and imagines how to incorporate them into contemporary architectural design. Each student group chooses a different situation that can be framed in the era of the Anthropocene. Massive plastic object storage areas, catenary structures from spider families, rock textures, or polluted underwater shell formations are some examples of the materials that we work with. Students examine their materialities, their geometries, their eco-political agencies, their different assembly possibilities, and their potential transformations. From this research, students build elements that speculate, in a critical and non-moralistic way, the different possibilities of these new scenarios from both ornamental and functional perspectives.

Pasinee Kerdpongvanich

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

Lalipat Sirirat

Kanchaporn Kieatkhajornrit


MEIJI UNIVERSITY Instructors Masami Kobayashi (Meiji University) Manuel Tardits (Meiji University) Antoine Lassus (Chulalongkorn University) Santiago Porras Alvarez (Korea University)

Heritage-Creative City Chiang Mai The old historical city of Chiang Mai is defined by a square of approximately 1.5 x 1.5 kilometers that is surrounded by walls and moats. The city is well-preserved despite increasing urban development, a growing population, and a rise in tourism. Due to its preservation of craft and the folk arts of the Lanna culture, the historical part of Chiang Mai has been selected by UNESCO as a Creative City, and it is also registered as a World Heritage site. The workshop questions the relationship between preserving the original fabric of the city and adapting to present conditions. Focusing on the northwest corner of the historical part of the city, the project proposes a new destination for ecotourism that consists of public, cultural, and educational facilities, guest houses, commercial buildings, restaurants, and more.


‘OBJECTIFY_UR_RSRCH’ METASITU Nana Boonorm Supanat Chaiyanopakul Nattakitta Chuasiriphattana Apitchaya Inswang Phurin Jungteerapanich Chutikarn Kaewudom Punnnathorn Phuwichit Thunda Rerkpaisan Nattawat Tangthanakitroj Prin Tumsatan

Yutthapong Charoendee Praewa Keereewan Kittimont Kookasemkij Onjira Mahitthafongkul Thakolkiat Manorotkul Luksika Pratumtin Kantima Saetung Piriyakorn Tamthong Sitanan Teeracharoenchai Chanon Viroonchan

‘Flat and Bent: Developable Surfaces as Structure’ SomePeople Tanpasorn Chinda-Udom Takrit Mekpanuwat Pisitt Sae-Tan Kandanai Sudsanguan Suppanut Tanatraporn Pittaya Thamma Bhuvarin Thaveetermsakul Pattharaprapa Thongprasert Patr Vacharanukulkiet Phatchanon Varanukulsak

‘Technology sublime-preventative medicine for a dystopian future’ Hochschuh & Donovan

‘Bangkok Super Object’ Andrew Kovacs Sujira Burapanakan Thanapat Itvarakorn Sasivimol Kraisornkhaisri Klasilp Ladalalitsakun Ananya Lappanichpoonpon Napatsorn Mongkoldet Sasina Nakmontanakum Nutthida Tantivanich Sitavee Veravit Sahasrungsri Wajchathon

‘Anthropocene Ornaments’ TAKK Supatsorn Boontumma Chommalee Durongpisitkul Mesiya Hiransiriswad Pasinee Kerdpongvanich Kanchaporn Kieatkhajornrit Tanyaluck Kittithirapong Panas Saengvanich Tossaporn Sarochsuwan Lalipat Sirirat Thanjira Vimonanupong

‘Heritage-Creative City Chiang Mai’ Meiji University Jirayu Ariyadilak Palida Emwattana Arina Hiriwiriyakun Rujirada Juthasantikul Kritnara Kroongjit Nithikorn Seangkeaw Tanatsorn Sriarj Nanna Thaiboonruang


Pakjira Itthisang Pimtawan Kaopatumtip Raewadee Lamlertsuk Wirunchana Rawkwansatith Pancharee Rujiraarporn Palin Singhasirithum Panchaya Sonkom Passakorn Suwanggool Sakdipat Yachaima Ramita Yibmontasiri

Boontita Boonsusakul Buncharin Eua-arporn Proudwarin Phannachet Chanarop Phothisit Marisa Rosam Jidapa Srimachand Kanin Or Suthamanuswong Vich Vichyastit Pimboon Wongmesak

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

‘An archive of Bangkok’s techno-ecological devices, critical objects & computational disobedients’ Inteligencias Colectivas / Zoohaus

‘Same Same but Different: Four Villages in Chiang Mai’ Parsons School of Design




DESIGN I FUNDAMENTALS Instructors Pratana Klieopatinon Sabrina Morreale Romea Muryn Lorenzo Perri Sergi Serrat (coordinator) Gian Maria Socci Rebecca van Beeck Tijn van de Wijdeven

Praewrung Chantumrongkul Layered and bent triangular forms create a balanced composition that appears to defy gravity

Design 1 offers an introduction to design methods and critical thinking. During their first semester at INDA, students are familiarized with fundamental topics such as geometric form, movement, bodily performance, operative systems, spatial definitions, human experience, and many others. Students learn to unfold arguments and raise questions through design and abstraction. The discourse alternates between the physical and the phenomenal, the rational and the hypothetical, encouraging radical experimentation and considered argumentation. The semester consists of four design projects, each with distinct design and learning objectives:

Gravity Rebecca van Beeck and Tijn van de Wijdeven

Aggregate by Pratana Klieopatinon and Sergi Serrat

Students are asked to challenge the relationship between objects, forces, and motion along a subset of formal operations. They develop a deep understanding into geometric form while systematically defining and optimizing structural and proportional characteristics in response to external, controlled conditions.

Students investigate rule-based systems through modularity and aggregation. The project encourages experimentation with methods of construction, materiality, joinery, and structure. Each project is tested in response to assigned contextual and environmental conditions.


Praewrung Chantumrongkul

Slin Smakkamai

Experience by Sabrina Morreale and Lorenzo Perri

This project introduces students to the human body and its proportions and movements in everyday routines. Through the study of human behaviors, as observed in a specific spatial context, students craft performative acts to understand, question, and redesign the relationship between body and environment.

The project offers a fundamental inquiry into space and materiality in which architecture is connected to the attributes of its inhabitants. Students build a material vocabulary that relates to a set of given characters and personalities. Then, tactile fragments are developed into a diorama that defines specific spatial conditions, emotions, and atmospheres.


Rituals by Romea Muryn and Gian Maria Socci

Weerada Chalermnont

Natcha Thanachanan


Natcha Thanachanan

Ramita Keeratiurai


Nicha Vareekasem

Thammapron Iam-eak

Thongthat Harnvorrayothin A time-lapse diagram documents the movement of a Pokemon Go player using his phone in Lumpini Park


Raphadson Saraputtised A modular system explores how flexible and rigid components can be aggregated in varying densities and transparencies.





The first part of the semester introduced the concepts of city, environment, and street-life through the schematic design of an imagined metropolis and one of its districts. Using a set of given texts, students became citizens of a fantasy and developed a systemic and narrated reality at various scales of intervention.

Patrick Donbeck Michal Jurgielewicz Pratana Klieopatinon Sabrina Morreale Romea Muryn Sergi Serrat (coordinator) Gian Maria Socci Todo Takanao Rebecca van Beeck Tijn van de Wijdeven

Visions 01 - City Students develop a possible (not necessarily probable) narrative idea of the city as a whole: where is it located, what is its shape, what is the main communication infrastructure, how are the buildings organized, what are their hidden potentials, etc.

The second semester is a journey through urban contexts. Students are asked to imagine and explore different urban situations in a set of incremental scales that have been organized around two main projects: Visions and Experiences.

Visions 02 - District Students inquire into a specific part of their city and develop a notion of how life unfolds through public spaces, architectonic environments, and human behaviors. Each district is required to provide a transition from the public to the private realm, from street to building, and from building to living unit.

Experiences The second project expands the notions of street space, built environment, and human behavior through a rigorous investigation, documentation, and (re) appropropriation of the parameters of a designated territory in Bangkok.

Experiences 01 - Street Students start with a “dĂŠrive,â€? an urban drift, designed to develop an incisive and coherent critique of modern society and the built environment. They are challenged to build a narrative that confronts the ordinary with the unconventional, imposing everyday actions and interactions into the common realm of Bangkok.

Experiences 02 - Slice

Thongtor Nontavatit

Students are asked to choose a particular slice of their previous drift and expand it through a comprehensive written and visual narrative. The projects incorporate meticulous research about formal and informal urban elements while also classifying visible and invisible morphologies, stories, histories, materialities, personas, rituals, etc.


Natalie Pirarak Academic Excellence Award This project explores the collective and individual identities of the people in the multicultural riverside community of Kadeejeen. The hybrid drawing shows a single slice of the community and how it has come to represent the city of Bangkok and larger global issues.

Natalie Pirarak


Ramita Keeratiurai Based on Calvino’s city of desire (Anastasia), this project proposes a concentric arrangement of districts that explore each of the seven deadly sins through different interactions with water.

Natcha Thanachanan

Prima Rojanapiyawong Influenced by Italo Calvino’s spider web city of Octavia, an urban environment that is profoundly affected by limited resources and insecure infrastructure, ‘Sapiens’ proposes a city that harvests energy from its inhabitants, both the living and the dead.

YEAR 1 41

Raphadson Saraputtised

Napapa Soonjan

Nicha Vareekasem

Poranon Thitaparun YEAR 1

Inspired by the work of Lebbeus Woods, this project depicts a dystopian/sci-fi interpretation of the City of Thekla from Italo Calvino’s ‘Invisible Cities.’



Thongtor Nontavatit

Patrick Donbeck (coordinator) Michal Jurgielewicz Sabrina Morreale Romea Muryn

Design Tools and Skills One (DTS1) aims for students to develop their spatial understanding through technical and conceptual methods of representation and communication across a variety of media. In this course, we form integral connections between hand, eye, mind, and mouse in the study and practice of freehand drawings, constructed drawings, and physical models at varying scales. Students are encouraged to document and graphically communicate the process and product of their inquiries through conceptual representations and spatial arrangements. DTS1 and DTS 2 are tightly coupled with the first-year design studios to form a feedback loop that reinforces and contextualizes shared concepts and content.

Natalie Pirarak


Design Tools and Skills Two (DTS2) aims for students to develop their representation and communication skills through the use of digital and analog tools. The course is composed of several workshops that deal with different softwares and formats such as digital models, animations, videos, collages, and maps. The exercises incorporate architectonic elements and artistic references to encourage the development of studio projects and unique, personal graphic styles. Students learn new digital representation strategies, and they are equipped to create a variety of multimedia drawing types by overlaying different softwares to express concepts and processes.



Paranyu Tempattarachoke

Natcha Thanachanan

Putt Sirisaksopit


Chonapat Manorom



This course develops students’ understanding of two major factors that affect the design of the built-environment--human factors, including the physiological, psychological, behavioral, and socio-cultural factors that affect human perception, and environmental factors like climate. Students explore a wide range of techniques including how to createa sense of place, a spirit, a mood, or an ambience through temperature, vision, and sound. The course also addresses vernacular architecture, building orientation, shading, ventilation, and passive cooling as important environmental design strategies.

YEAR 1 (2018-2022) STUDENT LIST

Peeradon Pananuwetchawat Methawadee Pathomrattanapiban Praeploy Phaewpisakul Pheerapitch Phetchareon Benyapa Piboolvitayakul Nutaya Pimolsaengsuriya Natalie Pirarak Prima Rojanapiyawong Thaweewat Rugsujarit Engkrat Sae-heng Raphadson Saraputtised Saifa Sathaporn Thaiyani Sathienthirakul Sasatorn Sawansan Putt Sirisaksopit Slin Smakkamai Nuntaluck Songsamphant Napapa Soonjan Jirasaya Soonthornsaratool Kana Sricharoenchai Pitchaya Tangtanawirut Pittinun Tantasirin Kornkulp Techavorabot Sirawich Teerasithipol Paranyu Tempattarachoke Natcha Thanachanan Aticha Thanadirak Tanon Theerasupwitaya Anchalika Thepnumsommanus Poranon Thitaparun Nicha Vareekasem Phannaphon Vatanavoraluk Phawin Vongphavit Poomipat Waengsothorn Chanisara Wanna Ratchanon Weerawat Pinutcha Wiriyapanlert Pachara Wisetphanichkij Chawin Wiwatcharoenkul


Titaporn Amatanon Pannathorn Amnuaychokhirun Nichaporn Atsavaboonsap Khine Thin Aye Yuhunny Baka Supavitch Bandhaya Harris Boonkerd Asama Boonsanong Narintip Chaemdara Termrak Chaiyawat Weerada Chalermnont Buris Chanchaikittikorn Kaweewat Chanchitfa Praewrung Chantumrongkul Panotn Chotesukhathai Latisha Delokomol Anunyoch Dumrongpongsawat Phuridej Eakthanasunthorn Aria Ekasilapa Pattarawadee Hansiripongsakul Thongthat Harnvorrayothin Sarita Hatakaroon Thammapron Iam-eak Sararin Jermhansa Napassorn Kanwatchara Manasawat Kawsakul Pattraratee Keerasawangporn Ramita Keeratiurai Korrawich Koomtako Ann-pavinee Langenskioeld Chawin Lawjakchai Nisama Lawtongkum Thanapat Limpanaset Chonapat Manorom Prin Mingmalairak Vasinee Mongkolcheep Ploychanok Ngernkitti Thongtor Nontavatit Nathapong Nurae






































EXPERIENCING ARCHITECTURE & INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOPS Every year, INDA students take trips abroad to experience architecture in other cultural and historical contexts as well as participate in workshops with universities outside of Thailand. The Experiencing Architecture and International Workshop courses allow the students to gain a greater understanding of the influence and meaning of architecture and the built environment around the world through tours of significant buildings, visits to the offices of leading design practitioners, explorations of local landscapes, and assignments related to the specific physical, social, and cultural conditions of the areas. This year our students visited Finland, Russia, China, California, Budapest, Vienna, and the United Kingdom.

Coordinator Sergi Serrat

VISUAL ECOLOPHONIC Instructors Antonio Bernacchi Alicia Lazzaroni

According to Ludwig Wittgenstein, our vocabulary is our (perhaps restrictive) tool to interpret the world. This may explain why the North Sami language contains a wide variety of terms to describe things like snow and reindeer, as both are meaningful elements of the Sami culture. The Sami population maintains extraordinary symbiotic relationships with its companion species (the reindeer) and with the surrounding landscape; therefore, the specific terminology can help us understand certain environmental relationships.

This workshop travels to the remote biological station of Kilpisjärvi, Finland to create a ‘visual hyper-dictionary/ atlas’ of selected terms from the North Sami language, in order to reveal and communicate the subtleties of its depiction of the environment. Selected words from the Sami language, related to the reindeers’ routines, rituals, and intimate connections with non-human agents, were the subjects of rigorous analysis. Students learned to understand architecture not as a “frame” for humans to occupy but as a construct of multiple collectively-assembled transmaterial connections.

Experiencing Architecture and International Workshops


FIELDWORKS Instructors Gian Maria Socci Rebecca van Beeck Danny Wills


In May, INDA traveled to the high desert of California to hold a second iteration of the ‘community-in-residence’ festival. Titled ‘Fieldworks,’ the event took its thematic inspiration from several methods of scientific field research—the approaches, techniques, and processes used to collect raw data outside of a laboratory setting. Project and workshop leaders questioned the constructs and apparatuses through which we perceive a place. Questions were raised regarding the production of sites of knowledge, and how quantified data is transformed into a qualification of meaning and significance. Projects modulated, enhanced, and manipulated one’s perception of landscape through the crafting of new imaginative spaces. Two week-long projects were constructed, led by Office Kovacs + Kyle May, Architect, and MILLIØNS (Zeina Koreitem and John May). Each day, a new workshop took place which engaged students in subjects apart from their building projects, ranging from coding exercises and sound mapping, to performances and interactive installations. These workshops were led by Roundhouse, the2vvo, i/thee, Listening Instruments, Alex Coetzee, Rebecca van Beeck, Leah Wulfman, and Maxime Lefebvre. Prior to the festival, a series of tours around Los Angeles and the surrounding desert valley communities of Palm Springs and Joshua Tree were held, introducing students to LA and Desert Modernism buildings and landscapes.

Experiencing Architecture and International Workshops


MONUMENTS OF COLLECTIVISM Instructor Romea Muryn The international workshop theme investigates the changing role of public spaces in both historical and contemporary contexts. Students address the issue through two vectors of the development process: preservation and restructuring the values of Soviet public space. Collectivism defines not only the theoretical framework of the workshop but also the process of researching and designing activities/initiatives. Students, architects, artists, and urban planners collectively conduct research (site analysis, mapping, interviews, archiving, filming) and travel on the Trans-Siberian train from Irkutsk to Moscow, outlining the values of soviet planning and the parameters of ‘generosity.’ Later in the trip, we collaborated with the Nikola-Lenivets Classroom, situated in the largest art park in Europe. Led by Nikolay Polissky, Russia’s most prominent environmental artist and founder of the Nikola-Lenivets Art Park, participants reflected on their research and designed and built a series of structures to challenge our perception of public space. In parallel, the process, discussions, and speculations – conceptual and architectural – were filmed by Locument as part of a documentary movie, which was screened at the Archstoyanie Festival in July 2019.

FORGOTTEN JOINERY Instructor Sergi Serrat

Experiencing Architecture and International Workshops

This summer course was organised around three main activities: Students enrolled in a short traditional timber-frame workshop to learn the basics of nail-free Chinese wood joinery. This workshop was held by TACC, a company founded by passionate people dedicated to the discovery, study, and restoration of ancient Chinese timber construction.


With TACC sponsorship and with the collaboration of gerGA, an urban artist and architect based in Beijing, students engaged in a five-day artistic production to generate a child playground located at the Beijing City International School. Students also experienced the city of Beijing through a series of visits to the main architectural landmarks.

ITINERANT CITY Instructor Will Hulbert

The Experiencing Architecture trip to London asks students to challenge the dominant narratives surrounding migration and better interpret notions of nationality, nativity, and belonging. As part of this underlying narrative, students participated in a tour and a workshop at the Museum of Migration. We also visited many well known buildings from Heatherwick’s Coal Drop Yards and Foster and Partners’ Bloomberg HQ to Hawksmoor’s seminal Christchurch Spitalfield. Students were guided to understand the importance of architecture in structuring individuals’ understanding of who they are and where they belong. Does the process of settling in a new city necessarily lead to the establishment of a new home? How do migrants appropriate the architecture of their new homes to express their identity, their expectations, and their understanding of what architecture is or should be? If so, what architectural aspects do they introduce, and more importantly, why?

ORNAMENT AND CRIME? Instructor Payap Pakdeelao

In Ornament and Crime, Adolf Loos justified his disdain for “ornament” by claiming that it caused objects and buildings to become unfashionable sooner, and therefore obsolete. He considered the effort wasted in designing and creating superfluous ornament as nothing short of a “crime.”

Experiencing Architecture and International Workshops

This two-week field study of Vienna and Budapest requires students to examine the cities’ most prominent architecture with an investigative approach. Using the texts from Ornament and Crime as the basis of their research into buildings from various eras in conjunction with their ornament and decoration, students attempt to more clearly understand their stylistic lineages and identify the defining factors that influenced the evolution of architectural ornament in each period.



STUDENT LIST ‘Visual Ecolophonic’ Antonio Bernacchi and Alicia Lazzaroni Satida Adsavakulchai Tanapat Adulteerakit Chinnapat Asavabenya Apisada Hanbunjerd Rachapon Jidapasirikul Sakaokaew Jindawitchu Hattakarn Lertyongphati Thanakorn Phonthanakornkul Chanakarn Pongteekayu Natnicha Pornteparak Kodchakorn Promjaree Arnon Vongarnon

‘Fieldworks’ Gian Maria Socci, Rebecca van Beeck, and Danny Wills

Collaborators Andrew Kovacs Kyle May MILLIØNS Roundhouse Listening Instruments the2vvo Leah Wulfman Maxime Lefebvre

‘Monuments of Collectivism’ Romea Muryn

Collaborators Maya Shopova Olga Isaeva Asia Vasilyeva + Ivana Simic Francisco Lobo (filmmaker) Locument Nomad Train

Thongthat Harnvorrayothin Thammapron Iam-eak Sararin Jermhansa Ramita Keeratiurai Klasilp Ladalalitsakun Nutaya Pimolsaengsuriya Thaiyani Sathienthirakul Aticha Thanadirak Collaborators TACC - Traditional Architectural Craftsmanship for Timber-framed Structures gerGA

‘Itinerant City’ Will Hulbert Titaporn Amatanon Nichaporn Atsavaboonsap Supavitch Bandhaya Phudtripart Bhudthonamochai Harris Boonkerd Buris Chanchaikittikorn Sarita Hatakaroon Prin Mingmalairak Nuntaluck Songsamphant Chanuti Sukhumcharoenchit Paranyu Tempattarachoke Pinutcha Wiriyapanlert Collaborators Paul Appleton, Director, Allies and Morrison Architects Alex Warnock-Smith, Director, University of the Arts Kings Cross Darya Solovey, Analyst, Bloomberg Liberty Melley, Migration Museum

‘Ornament and Crime?’ Payap Pakdeelao Supanat Chaiyanopakul Kittimont Kookasemkij Krissada Laohongkiat Prae Lertprasertkul Chayanisa Ongarjphanchai Prin Parinyanusorn Kasipang Phantajak Kamolthip Polsamak Phapot Putthammarong Tamon Sawangnate


Termrak Chaiyawat Napassorn Kanwatchara Nisama Lawtongkum Thanapond Namnanthasith Praeploy Phaewpisakul Pheerapitch Phetchareon Siwakarn Sabpaisarn Raphadson Saraputtised Prao Sirisaksopit Tanon Theerasupwitaya Anchalika Thepnumsommanus

‘Forgotten Joinery’ Sergi Serrat


Weerada Chalermnont Phuridej Eakthanasunthorn Aria Ekasilapa Tinn Kiewkarnkha Ann-pavinee Langenskioeld Saifa Sathaporn Varinda Suphantharida Pichamon Taksinawong

WOWHAUS, MEGANOM, KB Strelka, CXEMA, NikolaLenivets, Ilnar and Rezeda Akhtyamov, students of TIArch, the Museum of the City of Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design, and Arts, Alexander Lozhkin, Anastasia Bliznyuk, Valeria Nuyanzina (International Baikal Winter University), Anastasia Sheshukova, Alexandra Kozak, and the team (Territorial Development Agency “Urban Planning School”)

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures



DESIGN III FOOD INDUSTRIES Instructors Hadin Charbel Patrick Donbeck Pratana Klieopatinon Déborah López Lobato (coordinator) Thomas Lozada Romea Muryn Payap Pakdeelao Sergi Serrat Rebecca van Beeck Danny Wills

The (f)act of food implies historical, social, cultural, political, as well as technical, material, and environmental aspects. Through the examination of a specific dish, the complexities inherent in multiscalar networks can be revealed, through which a specific set of devices can be designed to implement and engage with targeted actors while speculating on future outcomes. Understanding and documenting how food as a set of ingredients is produced, transported, transformed, served, and consumed as a meal will reveal the different actors and effects that are often not considered when examining the final meal. By revealing these processes, the forgotten or unseen realities from production to consumption will be made transparent--some of which may be expected or obvious, but more importantly, others will be uncovered for the first time. It is with this new and total awareness that a particular aspect within the production-to-consumption chain will be scrutinized and where each student will develop ‘trifective’ devices.

Satida Adsavakulchai

The implementation of these devices is expected to respond to different scales in order to consider the true potential for what their invention and intervention would imply in the short and long term.

Hattakarn Lertyongphati


Nicharee Sammapan


Chanakarn Pongteekayu

Santhila Chanoknamchai Academic Excellence Award An annual festival and traveling pavilion, this project is a living organism that grows, breeds, and dies. The pavilion exaggerates and celebrates the relationship between man, nature, and machine. When the festival has ended, the structure is left to continue its natural evolution and become a new landscape, leaving an ephemeral trace for its offspring.

Siwakarn Sabpaisarn



Pichamon Taksinawong

Natnicha Pornteparak

Rachapon Jidapasirikul Investigating the ecology of the Laotian dish Tum Mak Hoong and uncovering the problems associated with the food at different scales, this project uses a variety of devices to raise awareness of the declining fish population in the Mekong River.


Prao Sirisaksopit Dim sum culture, including xiao long bao, has evolved considerably since the ancient Chinese period. This project examines the globalization of the cuisine, explores the ways in which the food is prepared and consumed, and proposes a reconfigurable restaurant that highlights the cultural transformation of the dish.


Prin Parinyanusorn

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN I HEDONISTIC MACHINES Instructors Hadin Charbel Patrick Donbeck Michal Jurgielewicz Pratana Klieopatinon Déborah López Lobato (coordinator) Thomas Lozada Payap Pakdeelao Sergi Serrat Todo Takanao Rebecca van Beeck

Nicharee Sammapan ‘Sensory Synthesis +’ offers an escape from a city of boring and monotonous architecture. The project incorporates a range of devices that stimulate our senses while the collection of subconscious data is used to modify the qualities of the spaces including shape, color, smell, and sound.

During the semester, students unravel the complexities and banalities of subcultures associated with a specific identity. They design urban artifacts that respond to the ideas of hedonism and play as necessary components to everyday urban life. Students develop an understanding of how the group identities originated, what they value, how they choose to represent themselves, as well as how and where they exist. The first task is to examine how the subcultures operate among themselves and with outsiders through four types of characteristics--visual, behavioral, spatial, and ideological.

Through a multifaceted analysis, students create an augmenting device that fulfills and/or facilitates a specific task linked with their subcultural activities. Having understood the routines of the subculture and generated a device at the scale of the individual, students devise strategies for incorporating a larger population of the community through interventions that address ecology, politics, performance, technology, etc. Hedonism is encouraged and amplified through speculative architecture and people’s roles in engaging with the city.


Sakaokaew Jindawitchu


Phurichya Jirayutat

Santhila Chanoknamchai Academic Excellence Award ‘Urban Disruptive Infrastructure’ explores the punk subculture in Bangkok and proposes a series of ephemeral interfaces, mediating between the physical and digital worlds as a platform for the public that encourages freedom and self-expression.

Chayanisa Ongarjphanchai

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Navapol Montong ‘Cyberskoi Laboratories’ explores the Waan and Skoi subcultures through ecological and environmental lenses. The project proposes a hedonistic power plant and laboratory on Yaowarat road that brings the typically isolated subcultures back into a symbiotic relationship with the community through female empowerment, social connectivity, and environmental awareness.

Prae Lertprasertkul

Prao Sirisaksopit

Siwakarn Sabpaisarn

‘Hype Power’ tests the limits of a hypebeast’s influence. The project allows social media ‘influencers’ to control the environment around them and affect the behavior of their ‘followers.’ Using geo-locations and hashtags, new features and elements are continuously added to the space according to the influencer’s preferences, and this creates virtually unlimited experiential possibilities.


Prin Parinyanusorn


Lalida Attawetkul

CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY Instructors Scott Drake Will Hulbert Antoine Lassus (coordinator) Thomas Lozada Martin Schoch Pannasan Sombuntham Todo Takanao Wisarut Wattanachote

The Construction Technology course primarily consists of the design and construction of a public bench. Its structure has to be stable and robust, able to withstand rain and everyday use, and support the weight of two people without collapsing or showing visible signs of damage. Each bench is made from a single plywood sheet of 2.4 meters x 1.2 meters x 1.3 centimeters and processed with a CNC machine according to a scaled vector drawing.

Siwakarn Sabpaisarn, Prao Sirisaksopit, Manachanok Tantraporn and Thanapond Namnanthasith

Santhila Chanoknamchai, Sakaokaew Jindawitchu, Pichamon Taksinawong and Chinnapat Asavabenya


Kamolthip Polsamak, Tamon Sawangnate, Tanyadhorn Dumrongkijkarn and Wichayes Maneepakhathorn


Satida Adsavakulchai, Apisada Hanbunjerd, Thanakorn Phonthanakornkul and Arnon Vongarnon

HISTORY AND THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE Instructors Antonio Bernacchi Scott Drake Thomas Lozada (coordinator) Rebecca van Beeck

The second-year history and theory courses teach history from both a materialist and a genealogical perspective, defining the key factors that influence the evolution of architectural styles including geography, geology, climate, religion, economics, technology, socio-politics, and historical events, while also emphasizing the contextualization of significant projects. The courses use both chronological and thematic teaching methods. Lectures identify key example projects from different historical periods to understand their broader social, political, environmental, and cultural contexts, while group seminar discussions address themes that reinforce connections between the past and the present and allow students to consider architectural issues from multiple perspectives. The primary assignment requires students to conduct a critical analysis of a single case study building and contextualize it through a typological study and an analytical model that classifies and compares the case study to others of the same type. This approach seeks to establish historical precedent as a useful tool for contemporary design discourse.

Prao Sirisaksopit

Yuka Sato

Santhila Chanoknamchai

YEAR 2 (2017-2021) STUDENT LIST

Kasipang Phantajak Naruemol Pholnuangma Thanakorn Phonthanakornkul Athitaya Piamvilai Kamolthip Polsamak Chanakarn Pongteekayu Lalitsiree Ponsombatnun Natnicha Pornteparak Kodchakorn Promjaree Sasipa Punkasem Phapot Putthammarong Tida Rama Siwakarn Sabpaisarn Jeremy Salter Nicharee Sammapan Sirapat Sapthaweeteerakul Yuka Sato Tamon Sawangnate Pann Sermchaiwong Napas Simarangsun Prao Sirisaksopit Saruta Sookparkob Chanuti Sukhumcharoenchit Varinda Suphantarida Boonyavee Sureephong Prang Suriyapornpun Premmika Taechavarangkul Pichamon Taksinawong Manachanok Tantraporn Sasipat Tarinamornpong Peera Tayanukorn Suchat Telavanich Prin Tumsatan Chanya Vijitpongpun Choomcherd Virapat Tatiya Visetrit Arnon Vongarnon Panassaya Waenkaew Tanadon Wanitnunttada


Satida Adsavakulchai Tanapat Adulteerakit Chompisa Amatayakul Chinnapat Asavabenya Lalida Attawetkul Phudtripart Bhudthonamochai Santhila Chanoknamchai Tanyadhorn Dumrongkijkarn Apisada Hanbunjerd Warut Im-erb Thanvarat Jamnongnoravut Rachapon Jidapasirikul Sakaokaew Jindawitchu Phurichya Jirayutat Isara Kesaranond Tinn Kiewkarnkha Chidapa Kongsuphol Ravinan Kumar Napat Kunapongkul Kemjira La-orsuwan Krissada Laohongkiat Sutinee Leelaratrungrueang Thatsama Leeumnadwong Prae Lertprasertkul Hattakarn Lertyongphati Klitee Limpawattanasiri Nichapha Lumpikanont Waris Majitnapakul Wichayes Maneepakhathorn Navapol Montong Pollakrit Naimee Thanapond Namnanthasith Preeyanuch Natthapan Palika Nitisiri Chayanisa Ongarjphanchai Natnicha Opasserepadung Koonanan Panyahom Prin Parinyanusorn Paweenda Patarathamaporn










DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

In Design-Build projects, students work in a group under the guidance of an instructor on a smallscale built project. Examples include a piece of furniture for a public space, a gallery or retail installation, a small shelter, a food cart, an internal screen wall or ceiling, or other built objects. The intention is for students to observe and take part in all phases of the process from design through fabrication, including concept and sketch design, design development and documentation, procurement of materials, and on-site fabrication or assembly. The projects allow students to experience the process of transforming ideas into physical objects and to gain hands-on experience in forming and assembling materials. Considerations include cost and availability of materials, environmental impact, fabrication techniques, structural integrity, ergonomics, durability, and longevity. Where possible, the constructed objects should be available for public observation or use, either within the Chulalongkorn campus or elsewhere in Bangkok.

Coordinator Scott Drake


IOT GARDEN Instructor Surapong Lertsithichai Advanced Info Service (AIS) established the AIS Design Centre (AIS D.C.) as a new venture to welcome startups and anyone interested in design and creative endeavors. At the entry of AIS D.C., an open area is available for the public to view services and information collected via Internet of Things (IoT) devices connected through the AIS network such as weather, humidity, traffic, etc. AIS sought to explore an experimental installation that could visualize or make tangible some of this digital data while providing some on-site interaction that would encourage physical engagement. This interactive experience would be a pilot project that could possibly be duplicated or expanded upon to include additional kinds of information or other locations in the near future. Students worked closely with the AIS IoT team and the project assistants to design and construct an interactive installation as a standalone object at the entry hall area of AIS D.C. The resulting design visualized environmental data including PM2.5, humidity, and noise from twelve districts within Bangkok through a network of digital flowers in a garden.




Napat Kunapongkul

In this workshop, students explored the potential of Thai ceramic culture by challenging ideas of digital fabrication, modern lifestyle, and traditional ceramics. Each student developed a novel product and a critique of current ceramic wares. In order to improve the design of the ceramic ware, students used a variety of techniques from manual hand pinching to electric wheelers, laser cut pressing, CNC pressing, rapid prototype plaster molding, and 3D ceramic printing. Students also visited the Southeast Asian Ceramic Museum to better understand masterpieces of traditional Thai ceramics. The outcome of the workshop was on display and available for purchase at Open House on the sixth floor of Central Embassy with the support of Shane Suvikapakornkul, the director of the Serindia Gallery.



INDA POPS-UP Instructor Alicia Lazzaroni

“INDA POPS-UP” involved the design and construction of an exhibition to represent INDA at the Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism from September to November 2019. The Global Studio section of the biennale showcased research from forty schools around the world, including the work of thirdyear INDA students that was particularly relevant to the theme of ‘Emerging Forms of the Collective City.’ The design-build workshop consisted of second-year students installing the exhibition and communicating

the essence of INDA to an international audience. Students designed a series of large pop-up books that contained shortlisted third-year projects. The books employ a variety of folding and cutting techniques as well as material explorations. Every book has a special three-dimensional acrylic cover to communicate the identity of selected districts in Bangkok, and QR codes on each page link the printed documents to augmented reality components.



EPHEMERAL EVENTS Instructor Danny Wills

Nang Loeng - Join our Craft! This design-build project focused on the production of a single pop-up event held in the Nang Loeng district. Students became both designers and organizers, curating a public event and the infrastructure needed to support that event, such as urban furniture, market stalls, public amenities, and artist installations. During the development of the project, students conducted a series of community engagement meetings and mapping workshops, understanding the identity and values embedded in the neighborhood. Taking on the role of festival organizers, the students independently coordinated the design and promotion of media content, met with the district office and police to establish site permissions, and prepared the site for all of its potential infrastructural needs. Throughout the month-long process, students worked directly with community leaders, market vendors, arts and crafts specialists, and local cultural hubs to curate a series of interactive workshops, where the public was invited to learn about the identity of Nang Loeng through participatory events. These workshops included desserts made from banana leaves, sewing methods with Ban Narasilp, dancing workshops with Khon performers and ballroom instructors, Thai chess instructions with local champions, and other food-related crafts. During the opening, the public was invited to participate in a live “memory wall� where responses to a series of questions on the past, present, and future of Nang Loeng were displayed for collective reflection.




This workshop, a partnership with the National Astronomy Research Institute of Thailand (NARIT), studied the architecture of observatories and the technological lens through which we observe. Students investigated the architectural typology of the observatory, proposing new ways that we might engage with increasingly non-visual, abstracted, and mediated astro-data. Drawing on the rich history of observatories’ social and political significance, students proposed alternatives to the 20th century planetarium. On a site at the Regional Observatory for the Public in Chachoengsao, students designed and built a temporary educational space that hosts public lectures/symposia and experiential astro-events.

705 REDUX Instructor Sergi Serrat


Being the main studio space at INDA for many years, room 705 has been subject to intense wear and tear. After recent lighting, electrical, and acoustic maintenance and renovation, the rest of the space needed similar revitalization. This workshop was an opportunity for students to become clients, designers, and builders of a space that is very familiar to them. Furthermore, students will actually experience the consequences of their designs for the rest of their time at INDA. The main strategy was to achieve a flexible space that could accommodate a wide range of activities (studio sessions, paired reviews, design charrettes, lectures, dance sessions, etc.) without losing any of the existing pinup space or enclosure. Two different elements were designed and built--a fixed module that enhanced the division between sections and sixteen mobile elements on wheels that could be moved according to the necessities of the moment.


THE CHINATOWN EFFECT Instructors Sabrina Morreale Lorenzo Perri

Authentic Trans-Territorial Pavilion Students constructed a pavilion made with metallic frames and scaffolding, covered with fabric surfaces and crafted model units. The pavilion itself is a geometric, material, and spatial manifestation of shared stereotypical ‘Chinatownising’ forces: an inhabitable red and gold folie or a purposely architectural cliché. Once inside, a trans-territorial ‘Chinatownised’ world is represented through edited videos on multiple screens. Moments, public rituals, and private objects from Yaowarat are displayed; then, with the contribution of a network of friends living in various international Chinese communities, students accurately and playfully paired them with similar but geographically displaced settings. This series of crafted mutual copies highlighted invisible cultural clashes and subtle aesthetic overlaps. Welcome to the realm of authentic replicas.


‘IoT Garden’ Surapong Lertsithichai

‘INDA POPS-UP’ Alicia Lazzaroni

Tanapat Adulteerakit Chinnapat Asavabenya Rachapon Jidapasirikul Sakaokaew Jindawitchu Navapol Montong Chayanisa Ongarjphanchai Prin Parinyanusorn Lalitsiree Ponsombatnun Natnicha Pornteparak Yuka Sato

Thanvarat Jamnongnoravut Hattakarn Lertyongphati Paweenda Patarathamaporn Athitaya Piamvilai Kamolthip Polsamak Kodchakorn Promjaree Tida Rama Tamon Sawangnate Napas Simarangsun

Collaborators AIS MakerAsia Panat Triwattana (Assistant) Thanatcha Pojthaveekiat (Assistant)

Collaborators Antonio Bernacchi Tikumporn Panichakan (Assistant)

‘Ephemeral Events’ Danny Wills

Chompisa Amatayakul Napat Kunapongkul Krissada Laohongkiat Prae Lertprasertkul Nichapha Lumpikanont Palika Nitisiri Naruemol Pholnuangma Nicharee Sammapan Boonyavee Sureephong Tatiya Visetrit Panassaya Waenkew

Phudtripart Bhudthonamochai Tanyadhorn Dumrongkijkarn Pollakrit Naimee Thanapond Namnanthasith Prao Sirisaksopit Chanuti Sukhumcharoenchit Premmika Taechavarangkul Manachanok Tantraporn

Collaborators Bookshop by Hardcover Bangkok Ceramics and Pottery Club FabCafe Bangkok Mo Jirachaisakul

‘705 Redux’ Sergi Serrat

Nang Loeng Community Promprap Sattru Phai District Office Crown Property Bureau Ford Resource and Engagement Center Ford Motor Company Urban Studies Lab Scholars of Sustenance Lighting & Equipment Public

Collaborators National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand (NARIT) Suparerk Karuehanon Jullada Koasa-ard Saran Poshyachinda Piriyaporn Sabhasri Thanakrit Santikunaporn Hathaichanok Therdthampaisal Juan Cuevas

‘The Chinatown Effect: Authentic Trans-Territorial Pavilion’ Sabrina Morreale and Lorenzo Perri Lalida Attawetkul Santhila Chanoknamchai Warut Im-erb Tinn Kiewkarnkha Sutinee Leelaratrungrueang Thatsama Leeumnadwong Waris Majitnapakul Preeyanuch Natthapan Koonanan Panyahom Kasipang Phantajak Chanakarn Pongteekayu Sasipa Punkasem Sirapat Sapthaweeteerakul Pann Sermchaiwong Varinda Suphantharida Pichamon Taksinawong Sasipat Tarinamornpong Choomcherd Virapat Collaborators Nang Loeng Community Promprap Sattru Phai District Office Crown Property Bureau Ford Resource and Engagement Center Ford Motor Company Urban Studies Lab Scholars of Sustenance Lighting & Equipment Public


Phurichya Jirayutat Kemjira La-orsuwan Klitee Limpawattanasiri Thanakorn Phonthanakornkul Saruta Sookparkob Prang Suriyapornpun Peera Tayanukorn Arnon Vongarnon Tanadon Wanitnunttada


Satida Adsavakulchai Apisada Hanbunjerd Isara Kesaranond Chidapa Kongsuphol Ravinan Kumar Wichayes Maneepakhathorn Natnicha Opasserepadung Phapot Putthammarong Siwakarn Sabpaisarn Suchat Telavanich

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

‘Ceramic Experimentation’ Todo Takanao

‘Observatories and the Sublime, Big-Data and the Public’ Romea Muryn

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures



ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN II ENDEMICHOMES Instructors Sabrina Morreale Payap Pakdeelao Lorenzo Perri Rebecca van Beeck Danny Wills

Rujirada Juthasantikul

Antonio Bernacchi Hadin Charbel Patrick Donbeck Scott Drake Alicia Lazzaroni (coordinator)

There are many reasons why alien-designed, mass-produced, and prepackaged housing fails. Conventional functionalist houses are elements of our global system that incorrectly consider a universal standard to be suitable for everyone. People’s collective imaginaries have become less diverse and less aspirational, while many architects still rely on a very limited set of references, values, and objectives.

Sitanan Teeracharoenchai

Why should we study vernacular and endemic dwellings? What should we learn from these unique, yet extremely normal, housing typologies?

Our homes are the very core of our social and cultural conventions, the place in which all our personal and social desires are shaped and take form. They are much more than the site they occupy, the materials with which they are made, and the know-how of their construction. A dwelling is the stage at which our lives are enacted and the shelter in which the rituals of our daily schedule are performed. Vernacular and endemic dwellings are complex typologies emerging from the interaction of many aspects essential to a specific society like territory, climate, social structure, living patterns, local economies and skills, availability of resources, local beliefs, tastes, symbology, etc. These aspects are clearly present in the process of construction, in the organization of space, in the building’s representation and performance, and in the subtleties of technical details. Acquiring a deeper knowledge of the vernacular is key to the creation of appropriate living conditions as cultures around the world strive to meet increasing housing demands in the future. Students are required to reinterpret and “translate� these typologies to our contemporary condition, updating technical and performative aspects, understanding specific environmental wisdom, embracing popular aesthetics, proposing contemporary performances and social living patterns; ultimately, learning from the diversity of rich and complex built (and cultural) repertoires.

YEAR 3 99

Piriyakorn Tamthong

Kritnara Kroongjit

Kanchaporn Kieatkhajornrit Academic Excellence Award This project examines the living conditions in Egypt’s ‘garbage city,’ where trash is collected, sorted, and recycled from the neighboring city of Cairo. Because the city’s economy and the residents’ livelihoods depend on the trash, it cannot simply be removed. The proposal aims to slow down the rate of obsolescence, extend the life of a wide range of household objects, and transform waste into useful architectural components.

Supanat Chaiyanopakul Looking ahead to the year 2078, this project proposes a speculative scenario in which one of the world’s richest, oldest ecosystems is on the verge of collapsing due to extensive palm oil production and deforestation in Borneo. A massive reforestation strategy based on traditional ecological knowledge aims to replace the island’s natural capital, heal the environmental damage, and transform the residents’ way of life.


Lalipat Sirirat


Pittaya Thamma ‘Tangible Memories’ envisions a world in which objects can intensely evoke memories. Objects become keys to unlocking memories and losing them would disconnect us from our past. The film contains five objects that are associated with five different moments, and each moment has its own theme that questions the relationship between object and memory.

Sitavee Veravit

Patr Vacharanukulkiet


Ramita Yibmontasiri


Thanjira Vimonanupong Inspired by the functionality of the mashrabiya, the ‘Congregational Totem’ is a bamboo tower that provides a gathering space for humans and animals to seek refuge and cool down in hot climates.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN III VULNERABLE STATES Instructors Antonio Bernacchi Hadin Charbel Patrick Donbeck Scott Drake Alicia Lazzaroni (coordinator)

Sabrina Morreale Payap Pakdeelao Lorenzo Perri Rebecca van Beeck Danny Wills

Pittaya Thamma

During the semester, students approached fragile or vulnerable urban communities in Bangkok that are being affected by “slow-violent� phenomena like gentrification, real estate pressure, progressive homogenization, and diminishing visual identities. They closely engaged those communities or local organizations, understanding the complexity of their existing social, economic, morphological, and natural structures, and proposed collective architectural interventions with patrimonial value that were able to bring people together at specific moments or in everyday situations.

Kittimont Kookasemkij

This new kind of temporal architecture required students to define their own positions between growth and shrinkage, preservation and demolition, reuse and disposal, adaptation and change, while simultaneously caring for the fragile states of their respective communities and imagining alternative future trajectories. Following the critical agenda from the first semester, students challenged the modern approach that too often defines architectural interventions as isolated instances and ‘sites’ as places that can be built anew and that only communicate with the surrounding city at their boundaries. This studio promotes architecture that is only a part of a world that already exists, that is capable of adding value and strengthening fragile ecosystems. The uses that are already established, the social structures that are already in place, the architecture that is already built, the natural components that can already be found, and the visual and cultural elements that are already embedded, have formed the starting points of our journey, supporting the integration of novelty and innovation.

Pasinee Kerdpongvanich

YEAR 3 107

Phurin Jungteerapanich

Pimboon Wongmesak Academic Excellence Award This urban intervention addresses its community from small scale objects to structural plug-ins, all of which aim to improve the relationships of the people in the community and allow residents to sustain themselves against external (and internal) vulnerabilities. The project proposes a series of nodes that use vibrant colors to indicate their functions and facilitate orientation.

Nutthida Tantivanich YEAR 3

Sitanan Teeracharoenchai This project proposes an expansion of the water infrastructure in the Baan Krua neighborhood. An extra layer of security is provided for residents who have endured fire damage in the past, and locally-sourced pallets and simple connection joints ease construction.


Thanjira Vimonanupong

Lalipat Sirirat Examining the characteristics of a community on the edge of displacement, this project carefully studies the issue of gentrification in Suan Kwang Toong and the diverse (often contradictory) intentions and agendas of the people who occupy the neighborhood every day.

Piriyakorn Tamthong

Capucine DesvallĂŠes How can we reconsider the value of abandoned spaces? This project for the Bun Siri Theater proposes an imaginative composition that personifies architectural elements in order to magnify the sounds, the materiality, and the history of the place.

Kanchaporn Kieatkhajornrit

YEAR 3 111

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY & INTEGRATIVE BUILDING SYSTEMS DESIGN Instructors Hadin Charbel Scott Drake (coordinator) Will Hulbert Michal Jurgielewicz Antoine Lassus

Thomas Lozada Martin Schoch Pannasan Sombuntham Todo Takanao Wisarut Wattanachote

This course, encompassing two semesters, teaches students about five fundamental building systems: sanitary and plumbing, lighting and electrical, lightning protection, mechanical and transportation, and fire safety. In the first semester, students visit a variety of sites around Bangkok to observe and document selected construction details related to structural or environmental performance, materials, connections, installation, maintenance, and safety.

Lalipat Sirirat


In the second semester, students complete a building services project that consists of a detailed study of the environmental technologies used in an existing work of architecture. Each student chooses a recently completed building and then uses various calculation methods to develop a three-dimensional model of the size and location of services such as elevators, fire stairs, air conditioning systems, and lighting. In this way, they learn about the impact of building services on overall architectural form and function.


Panas Saengvanich


Architecture, Community, and Ecology aims to escalate a level of critical thinking and broaden individual perception beyond physical structures. We acknowledge a dissatisfaction with the former design disciplines that oversimplify the complexities of the biophysical environment. The class consists of lectures, group presentations, and workshops focusing on community geography, socioeconomic foundations, ecosystems, urbanization, and research-based practices. Shifting scales between architecture, community, urbanism, and ecology allows students to build a collective body of knowledge and restructure their working processes. Design becomes a performative medium rather than a visual component.

Chanon Viroonchan

In “Terra Fluxus,” James Corner states that “the projection of new possibilities for future urbanism must derive less from an understanding of form and more from understanding of process--how things work in space and time” (Corner, 2006). The fragility of the planet, its resources, and its processes is an opportunity for speculative design innovations. Addressing changing circumstances, architecture and landscape architecture have adapted and evolved from mere spatial arrangements to encompass a wide range of disciplines. This shift allows the professions to offer “no preconceived idea of the final solution but instead a structure which is capable of responding to changing social needs and biological requirements” (Ruff, 2002).

Kantima Saetung

YEAR 3 (2016-2020) STUDENT LIST

Sakdithat Pitakkotchakorn Luksika Pratumtin Wirunchana Rawkwansatith Thunda Rerkpaisan Marisa Rosam Pancharee Rujiraarporn Pisitt Sae-tan Panas Saengvanich Kantima Saetung Tossaporn Sarochsuwan Nithikorn Seangkeaw Palin Singhasirithum Lalipat Sirirat Panchaya Sonkom Tanatsorn Sriarj Jidapa Srimachand Kandanai Sudsanguan KaninOr Suthamanuswong Passakorn Suwanggool Piriyakorn Tamthong Nattawat Tangthanakitroj Nutthida Tantivanich Suppanut Tantraporn Sitanan Teeracharoenchai Nanna Thaiboonruang Pittaya Thamma Bhuvarin Thaveetermsakul Pattharaprapa Thongprasert Patr Vacharanukulkiet Phatchanon Varanukulsak Sitavee Veravit Vich Vichyastit Thanjira Vimonanupong Chanon Viroonchan Sahasrungsri Wajchathon Pimboon Wongmesak * Liu Xiufan Sakdipat Yachaima Ramita Yibmontasiri

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

Jirayu Ariyadilak Nana Boonorm Boontita Boonsusakul Supatsorn Boontumma Sujira Burapanakan Supanat Chaiyanopakul Yutthapong Charoendee Tanpasorn Chinda-udom Nattakitta Chuasiriphattana Marie Desvallees * Capucine DesvallĂŠes Chommalee Durongpisitkul Palida Emwattana Buncharin Eua-arporn Mesiya Hiransiriswad Arina Hiriwiriyakun Apitchaya Inswang Pakjira Itthisang Thanapat Itvarakorn Phurin Jungteerapanich Rujirada Juthasantikul Chutikarn Kaewudom Pimtawan Kaopatumtip Praewa Keereewan Pasinee Kerdpongvanich Kanchaporn Kieatkhajornrit Tanyaluck Kittithirapong Kittimont Kookasemkij Sasivimol Kraisornkhaisri Kritnara Kroongjit Klasilp Ladalalitsakun Raewadee Lamlertsuk Ananya Lappanichpoonpon Onjira Mahitthafongkul Thakolkiat Manorotkul Takrit Mekpanuwat Sasina Nakmontanakum Proudwarin Phannachet Chanarop Phothisit Punnathorn Phuwichit


* Exchange students










In Design and Construction Projects for Communities, students work in a group under the guidance of an instructor on a small scale project intended for use by a local community. In this course, students gain hands-on experience in designing and fabricating an object or shelter, and they also engage in community consultation to determine an appropriate project scope and function. Communities served by such projects are typically deserving of assistance because of low income levels, social disadvantage, or an isolated or remote location. Projects undertaken for this course are typically small scale built structures, such as a library or amenities block, a book room for a local school, a small shelter for community meetings, or an installation for a public event. Students engage all aspects of the project from briefing to fabrication, including design, project management, documentation of community engagement, development of promotional materials for publication or fundraising, acquisition of sponsorship or donations, and organization of a community event to celebrate the completion of the project (opening ceremony).

Coordinator Scott Drake


PYLONESQUE Instructors Hadin Charbel Déborah López Lobato

‘Pylonesque’ is a water-harvesting mixed-use structure designed for an elementary and middle school located in a remote town in the Uthai Thani province. The geometry and function is borrowed from the ubiquitous water towers and pylons seen across the natural and man-made landscapes in the area. By inverting the common

pitched-roof and using a modular structural strategy, the pylonesque structures guide water into the center of the space where it is diverted and stored in a tank for later use. By activating repurposed exercise equipment, human-powered kinetic energy helps to pump water, an act that is embedded with practical and cultural applications.

Design and Construction Projects for Communities


BAN HUAI MAE BON SCHOOL Instructors Will Hulbert Wisarut Wattanachote

A new refectory and multi-purpose space for the Ban Huai Mae Bon school replaces a dilapidated canteen and provides a safe and hygienic dining space while also offering a space for other assemblies and teaching activities. Students developed the overall design and details with the school community, making a series of presentations to the students and teachers. They also managed the costs of the project by coordinating with contractors and suppliers, helped raise additional funds, scheduled the construction process, and aided in building the space under the guidance of a contractor and instructors.

Design and Construction Projects for Communities


INDIGENOUS RANGERS Instructor Chon Supawongse

This program aims to design and build a new eco-tourism facility for an indigenous ranger community at the upper Nakhon Si Thammarat Mountain Range (NSTR). Over the past few years, INDA has developed intimate relationships with multiple national parks and local communities in the area. Within the protected tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF) lies a distinctive ecosystem known for its biological diversity, endemic species, and endangered wildlife. Under exceptionally humid marine and equatorial conditions, Sanyen (Tai Rom Yen National Park) is one of the largest TMCFs in Thailand. Tai Rom Yen National Park and Khao Luang National Park are working with local communities on an interdisciplinary and participatory approach to develop ecotourism, educate people about conservation, and implement public awareness programs. Trail networks, exhibition spaces, camping facilities, and an information center must be re-conceptualized under new design frameworks.

NANG LOENG COMMUNITY PLAZA Instructors Gian Maria Socci Rebecca van Beeck

Design and Construction Projects for Communities

An underused park in Nang Loeng, Bangkok has been upgraded and energized with added greenery and new park furniture. The connection to the community was first established through the third-year urban design course in which students conducted site research to develop an understanding of Nang Loeng’s current and future needs. This program took their work a step further, initiating a design project for a selected site in the area that was identified by the students as having the potential to improve.

The design process included a series of charrettes and a number of participatory workshops with the community. The overall scheme focused on breaking up the site into smaller pockets or urban ‘rooms.’ Each zone housed one new furniture component: a large L-shaped doublesided bench, a play ‘pyramid’ with a swing and climbing surfaces, a notification board, or a two-tiered stand/ stage. All new equipment was designed and constructed using scrap materials donated by Ford Thailand. The work was built over the course of four weeks with the help of Ford’s Plant Engineers.


The project included both the design of physical improvements--added greenery, seating, and play spaces--and the curation of a launch event. The event “Nang Loeng: Join Our Craft” was organized with a complementary second-year design-build program.

It welcomed local vendors and artisans into the space to share their techniques and cooking skills, while activating the new and improved park environment that was designed and built by third-year students.


‘Ban Huai Mae Bon School’ Will Hulbert and Wisarut Wattanachote

‘Nang Loeng Community Plaza’ Gian Maria Socci and Rebecca van Beeck

Jirayu Ariyadilak Nana Boonorm Supanat Chaiyanopakul Buncharin Eua-arporn Thanapon Harnpattanapanich Thanapat Itvarakorn Kittimont Kookasemkij Raewadee Lamlertsuk Ananya Lappanichpoonpon Onjira Mahitthafongkul Sasina Nakmontanakum Proudwarin Phannachet Kantima Saetung Palin Singhasirithum Tanatsorn Sriarj Passakorn Suwanggool Suppanut Tantraporn Vich Vichyastit Chanon Viroonchan Sahasrungsri Wajchathon

Sujira Burapanakan Yutthapong Charoendee Tanpasorn Chinda-udom Mesiya Hiransiriswad Apitchaya Inswang Pimtawan Kaopatumtip Praewa Keereewan Sasivimol Kraisornkhaisri Klasilp Ladalalitsakun Thakolkiat Manorotkul Luksika Pratumtin Pancharee Rujiraarporn Kandanai Sudsanguan Piriyakorn Tamthong Nattawat Tangthanakitroj Nutthida Tantivanich Pittaya Thamma Prin Tumsatan Sitavee Veravit Pimboon Wongmesak Sakdipat Yachaima

Boontita Boonsusakul Supatsorn Boontumma Chommalee Durongpisitkul Palida Emwattana Pakjira Itthisang Chutikarn Kaewudom Pasinee Kerdpongvanich Takrit Mekpanuwat Chanarop Phothisit Punnathorn Phuwichit Sakdithat Pitakkotchakorn Thunda Rerkpaisan Panas Saengvanich Tossaporn Sarochsuwan Nithikorn Seangkeaw Panchaya Sonkom Sitanan Teeracharoenchai Bhuvarin Thaveetermsakul Pattharaprapa Thongprasert Patr Vacharanukulkiet Thanjira Vimonanupong Ramita Yibmontasiri

Collaborators Mitsubishi Elevator Thailand Chularach Engchanil (assistant)

‘Indigenous Rangers’ Chon Supawongse Nattakitta Chuasiriphattana Arina Hiriwiriyakun Phurin Jungteerapanich Rujirada Juthasantikul Tanyaluck Kittithirapong Kritnara Kroongjit Napatsorn Mongkoldet Wirunchana Rawkwansatith Pisitt Sae-tan Jidapa Srimachand Kanin Suthamanuswong Nanna Thaiboonruang Phatchanon Varanukulsak

Palakorn Guagulpipat Siwanut Hnutrup Teerapon Meunrin Preecha Nunmin Kittipan Rakdaeng Nares Sukkrin Rangsit Thongsamak

Dr. Wissawa Chakpaisarn, Meinhardt engineers (structural engineer)

Collaborators Danny Wills (Year 2 Design Build) Nang Loeng Community Promprop District Office Royal Crown Property Bureau Ford Resource and Engagement Center Ford Motor Company Urban Studies Lab (USL) Scholars of Sustenance (SOS) Lighting & Equipment PLC




DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

‘Pylonesque’ Hadin Charbel and Déborah López Lobato

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures



Architecture’s “Political Compass:” A Taxonomy of Emerging Architecture by Alejandro Zaera-Polo and Guillermo Fernandez Abascal, 2016

Charles Jencks - Evolutionary Tree of 20th Century Architecture


In the option studios at INDA, project briefs are never repeated. The variety within the faculty body, together with the broad spectrum of research fields they pursue, naturally leads to a continuous update and exchange of ideas. While admittedly crucial in a studio environment, this approach is not just meant to constantly stimulate discourse, but also to define collective global and local areas of concern. But what is the role of a relatively small design school in southeast Asia, far from the Western-centric circles of design and architecture pedagogy? And what is the role of a school in defining boundaries for the personal trajectories of students in times of often rather passive engagement with learning? In a period when the ecological crisis and the tremendous rise of global inequality seem to provide very clear common grounds for shared agendas, is now the moment to define more clear trajectories to avoid the risk of ending up with something more or less ‘austerity chic?’


As a notable precedent, throughout his important career as an architecture critic, Charles Jencks made multiple heroic attempts to reconstruct the so-called evolutionary diagram of architecture of the last century, which is explicitly referenced by Zaera-Polo. Nonetheless, Jencks’ insightful research still considers dynamics that are related to an architectural paradigm that has now been most likely overcome, and the very idea that there is a trajectory of evolution throughout the generations of architects has been repeatedly put into question by postmodern critique.

The intention of reading relationships between the different types of contemporary design practices has not vanished. Following ZaeraPolo’s article, through an iterative and collective process conducted with Guillermo Fernandez Abascal, a number of shortlisted ‘upcoming’ studios have been positioned in a map, popularized in the media as the “political compass of emerging architecture.“ After the complete fragmentation of the postmodern era (if that can be considered over), could defining areas of interest and relative relationships be considered an actual agenda in positive terms?

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

In Design and Construction Projects for Communities, Semiotics, the in theory of signs, students work a group undershowed the guidance of an the reason:onwhen meaning is concerned, it isfor use instructor a small scale project intended the that count. Because by arelationships local community. In this Why? course, students gain the mind, language, reality operate in hands-on experienceand in designing and fabricating an a hyperspace of multiple of in community object or shelter, and theydimensions also engage countless relationships, not in a well-laid-out consultation to determine anjust appropriate project scope supermarket, with all the aisles clearly marked. If and function. Communities served by such projects the universe deserving were a perfectly labeled because superstore, are typically of assistance of low it wouldn’t evolve, and the mind wouldn’t have income levels, social disadvantage, or an isolated or to be flexible. remote location. Projects undertaken for this course are typically small scale built structures, such as a library -orCharles Jencks ‘Architectural Evolution: amenities block, a book room for a local school, a The of community Time’ 2010 meetings, or an installation smallPulsation shelter for for a public event. Students engage all aspects of the Why is former Princeton architecture dean, design, project from briefing to fabrication, including Alejandro Zaera-Polo, documentation wondering about project management, of community the relationships between ‘techno-critical’ and engagement, development of promotional materials for ‘austerity chic’ design practices in his recent publication or fundraising, acquisition of sponsorship essay titled ‘Well the 21st Century?’ or donations, andinto organization of a community event Considering thatcompletion in the earlyof2000s there didn’t to celebrate the the project (opening seem to be any common ground among ceremony). the broad spectrum of design practices, ZaeraPolo tries to identify new proximities and areas Coordinator : have emerged after the financial of interest that Sergi crisis Serrat of 2008.

R.E.-F.I. Instructor Antonio Bernacchi

The studio concentrates on ‘critical design’ through different techniques of ‘speculative fiction.’ Borrowing definitions from Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby, this kind of design uses the technical tools of the discipline to develop and communicate critical reflections, rather than to generate actual ‘products.’ Students conceived projects relating to the world of real estate (R.E.) and its mechanisms, regulations, and promotion methods. The sector is also intimately related to the lives and lifestyles of the buildings’ inhabitants in multiple ways, including

Monica Jantawee

(pragmatic) dimensions, connectivity, proximity, and visibility, which are all crucial in dwellings and are deeply linked to construction parameters, costs, regulations, and ‘marketability.’ On the opposite side, the construction of tailored imaginaries for the advertisement and promotion of real estate ‘products’ shapes and is shaped by collective aspirations. Contemporary megacities in China are the context of experimentation because of their superfast transformation, highly manufactured image, and peculiar socio-political situation.


Mohamed Benmlih


can boast such an extraordinary variety of trees in an area of comparable size. At least 2,250 tree species are native to the region, representing 75% of the total tree diversity of Thailand. Connecting seven national parks and four wildlife sanctuaries, NSTR is “a living museum of diversity,” a place to reconnect with nature, and a unifying force bringing people together. With its unique climate, altitude, geology, and topography, the NSTR corridor becomes an experimental platform for design over an interconnected system of pristine rainforests and headwaters, which has the potential to be the largest rainforest conservation initiative in the history of Thailand.


“The history of man has been recorded in the tomes of libraries since the invention of letters, but a much longer period anterior to that is recorded on the leaves of the book of rocks” (John Wesley Powell). ‘The Corridor’ aims to explore the design possibilities of the southern intact rainforest of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Range (NSTR), where wilderness, wildlife, native plants, and natural processes continue to function as an interconnected web of life. As a part of the Tenasserim Range, NSTR is “a corridor of biological wealth” with its geographical position at the boundary between two major centers of plant diversity--the Himalayan and Malaysian floristic regions. Very few places in the world

THE LONG JOURNEY Instructor Tijn van de Wijdeven

“When traveling by train, I have always been amused by the gap between the landscape visible from the carriage windows and the photographs placed inside the train compartments depicting the usual sites - the Leaning Tower of Pisa, Romanesque cathedrals, Renaissance cities, mountains, lakes, and pines along the coastline. The journey is thus twofold: there is one to be seen from the window and another to be seen inside the train compartment” (Luigi Ghirri, Italia Ailati). The studio has employed journeys as projects, identified by the ‘traveller’, the ‘space for travelling’, and the ‘territory’. This semester, students ventured outside of Bangkok to

the (relative) unknown, investigating the relationship between city and region by means of a long journey by train. The long journey is not measured in kilometers but in hours. Throughout the semester, students challenged the vastness of time with intimate methods of documentation and abstraction. Projects are manifests along a specific theme, correlating the traveller, train, and territory, while revealing ‘alternative identities’ to landscapes and interiority. All projects depart from Bangkok, based on the Thai railway network. The studio aims to produce projects as critiques, focusing on notions of ordinariness and everyday life.

Isaya Kitcharoen

LANDSCAPES FOR ORNAMENT Instructor Lorenzo Perri


Bangkok’s markets are heterogeneous landfills of fragmented props lined with ubiquitous stalls, makeshift kitchens, and a large variety of temporary structures selling different food, clothes, and electronic gadgets. They feed the soul of hungry local observers and the pockets of compulsive international collectors. Markets--traditional, illegal, nocturnal, or floating--always present a complex and allegorical urban condition. In such a context, informality can be seen as an effective response to preconceived societal structures, as an instrument to re-organize politically and formally imposed conditions. Within the increasingly cosmopolitan yet hierarchical Thai society, informality often breaks the boundaries created by cultural prejudice, establishing common ground and enabling symbolic communication. The shared nature of informality, together with its visual richness, produces a perfect basis for a contemporary notion of ornament. The studio allows for aesthetic deviations and further stylistic elaborations, always requiring a high architectural resolution. The relationships between informality and complexity are questioned through designed ornaments--to challenge not only iconographic sources for architecture, but also the conventional meanings of elegance and vernacularity.


Lisa Kamolkornpannatat

BOTANICAL FUTURES Instructor Gian Maria Socci

Chit Su Yi Win

Vegetative life is the foundation of life on Earth. Plants constitute the vast majority of the planet’s biomass: they are at the very bottom of every food chain and therefore support all other living beings. Through photosynthesis, plants transform astronomical phenomena into biological fuel. They are our direct connection to the source of energy that governs our planet: the sun. Physics, chemistry, the infinitely large, and the infinitely small constantly flow into each other in every single plant. Plants allow us to breathe: the terrestrial atmosphere that makes life possible as we know it is nothing but a byproduct of vegetative metabolism. We breathe plants’ waste. Outside of academia, the understanding of plants, their behaviours, and their importance in everyday life, is limited. This studio revives interest in the planet’s largest

population of organisms and explores how they affect the spatial organization of human activities. In the era of the Anthropocene, human domination of the planet’s surface calls for a reassessment of our relationship to vegetation. While modern agriculture exploits nature’s diversity for commercial interests, imposing human-centric farming techniques and creating a monocultural environment, it seems urgent to redefine a new relationship between humans and plants. What futures can we imagine for agriculture? What if we were able to perceive plants as sensitive beings and use their own skills to regulate agricultural production sustainably? Students were required to take a critical position on ‘botanical futures,’ developing proposals that encourage the preservation of biodiversity, the sustainable management of resources, and an ethical perspective on related social and economic issues.

A CHTHULUCENIC FEAST Instructor Alicia Lazzaroni

“It matters what ideas we use to think other ideas with.” - Marilyn Strathern


Nattachomporn Supaprutsakul

Naipaporn Buppa

support novel forms of food preparation and consumption. This process envisioned new relationships between non-human agents (plants and animals), techniques, cultural repertoires, and complex environmental issues. Chthulucene is a term created by the feminist theorist Donna Haraway. She avoids referring to our current epoch as the Anthropocene, preferring to conceptualize this era as one in which the human and nonhuman are inextricably linked in tentacular practices. The Chthulucene, Haraway explains, requires sympoiesis, or ‘making-with,’ rather than autopoiesis, or ‘self-making.’


During this semester, students have dedicated themselves to designing recipes and food-related spaces that embody complex relationships between different factors, at different scales, and in different categories. Students have studied productive landscapes affected by man-made environmental events or alterations (like polluted water, erosion, drought, trash, etc) together with their cultural counterparts, in the form of regional recipes as well as related rituals or routines. They have subsequently twisted those recipes, introducing new ingredients that have affected their anthropogenic landscapes and designed new spaces to

MONUMENTAL WASTELANDS Instructor Déborah López Lobato

What will our society be remembered for? ‘Monumental Wastelands’ is a retrospective project that examines the effects of byproducts beyond ecology, focusing instead on their capacity and inevitability to become monuments for future generations. If each major civilization can be remembered by the artifacts they have left behind, then what will be the equivalent(s) for today’s civilization? The effects of a highly urbanized and consumer-based society through what is now known as the Anthropocene have already radically reshaped nature, creating new forms of territory to be examined. The studio embraces spaces

Dalia Puodziute

where the living conditions--due to toxicity levels, pollution, and/or waste--provoke the redefinition of the way in which humans and non-humans interact. Working on the monumentality of a specific wasteland, students assume the roles of architect and strategist, gaining a deep understanding of their specific consumerist society. They then design a set of contextualized tools that allows them to explore and further understand the specificities of their sites. Through tooling, mapping, diagramming, and tracing, we will work on the cartographies of the selected wasteland at the local and global levels.

Natdanai Wareerinsiri


Instructor Surapong Lertsithichai

Thanatcha Pojthaveekiat


Architecture is fundamentally formed by user behavior. People’s behavioral changes in the past decade have been so rapid that we can no longer keep up with all the new terms that describe health symptoms related to the impact of new digital technologies on the human body. Physical architecture is following a similar trajectory. We have witnessed the fall of physical retail businesses such as bookstores, video rental shops, banks, and healthcare facilities due to new digital behaviors. Architecture must cope with this paradigm shift in order to remain relevant. There is no question that if our behavior changes i.e., how we work, play, learn, rest, eat, read, contemplate, conference, etc., then our activities in space are no longer constrained by past tectonics and classical typologies of architecture. On the other hand, it is also possible to explore how digital technologies can alter user behavior in a space or how information can be communicated through user interactions or through digital and physical interplay.

Parisorn Itsarapanich


This studio embraces the framework of the ‘economy of enrichment,’ developed by French sociologists Luc Boltanski and Arnaud Esquerre, where the value of products is determined by processes, identities, and trends. These factors are deeply connected with the histories and narratives of the products themselves, which have become crucial aspects and actual ‘materials’ in the design process. In this sense, the studio engages with what is already existing, transforming a given reality and expanding its scope beyond the purely economic realm. Through a detailed visual analysis of transformed spaces, the studio proposes alternative approaches within the framework of the heterogeneous built environment of Bangkok. The projects are mostly located in the redeveloping area around Chinatown that is currently becoming the city’s creative district and confronting a clear process of gentrification.

Daria Dmitrieva



Palakorn Guagulpipat


This studio explores the strategic conservation of “Sanyen,” the tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF) of Tai Rom Yen and Khao Nun National Park, which is a home for biological diversity, endemic species, and endangered wildlife. Located in the exceptionally humid marine and equatorial conditions of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Range (NSTR), Sanyen is one of the largest TMCFs in Thailand. Due to climate change, TMCFs are high on the list of the world’s most threatened ecosystems. With its unique climate, altitude, geology, and topography, Sanyen becomes an experimental platform for design through an interconnected system of pristine cloud forest and headwaters. The National Park Act of 1961 states that “a national park is to be preserved in its natural state for the public’s education and enjoyment.” As the finest cloud forests in Thailand, what is the future of Sanyen? What are its latent potentials? How can this sensitive ecosystem confront global climate change? How can local communities participate?


Shompoonuth Kumpakdee

Tijn van de Wijdeven

Shompoonuth Kumpakdee

In his essay ‘Away from Home,’ Mark Cousins portrays his own relational and emotional process of estrangement after leaving his elderly home. The text is structured in time, following his days, weeks, and months at a boarding school in England. Mark reveals experiences which alternate between institutional discipline and his sense of being (alone). His departure from Victoria train station in London is continuously positioned as a nostalgic point of reference. The text portrays an experience in which past, present, and a probable future coexist, the journey away from home as a nonlinear sequence of events. The studio proposed projects on journeys and radically inverted the continuum of space and experience through the construct of time. Referencing the writing of Mark Cousins, we took inspiration from notions of estrangement and focused on the social and physical structures of collective engagement. We promoted research and design through an active and experiential reading of urbanity in spaces of intense human (inter)action. At thresholds between departure and arrival, the vacuum between here and there, we investigated and questioned the realities of common spaces through constructed situations and simulations in and around spaces for public transportation.


This attitude is always expressed through a set of designed codes and symbols, constructed idols and beliefs, requiring appropriately evocative spatial frameworks. Anthropomorphic instances are crucial for the crafting of timeless architectural languages at the intersection of figurativism and abstraction, geometry and materiality. The human body is taken as an allegorical system of measurements, both as a generative tool and a testing ground for spatial production.


The studio investigates designated folkloric festive moments, focusing on the design of a related celebratory apparatus--a congregational building, an urban intervention, or a behavioral or infrastructural system--whose agenda is essentially the representation and the performance of a specific collective identity. The analysis of cultural, social, political, and religious contexts frames the identitarian traits of the ever present human necessity to celebrate and be celebrated.

Ruchchapa Jaochakarasiri



Panyanus Jansomwong

This landscape design studio originates from the artistic forms of Romanticism and asks students to critically speculate on the role of experience in the contemporary context of tourism in the high mountains. As low-cost flights open new routes, mountainous regions that were once unknown by most become hotspots for new forms of tourism that respond to our thirst for wilderness. While helping populate our Instagram feeds, adventure tourism is dramatically reshaping immaculate areas with its ubiquitous infrastructure, eroding century-old traditions and shifting value hierarchies. Given the ominous scale of environmental, political, and economic pressures, landscape design in the future will likely need to be almost unnoticeable. It might have to be deployed through actions at a distance or through small devices that project their spatial effects on the territory: more than a subject of design, landscape becomes a tool of resonance. This studio is a round-trip between images and landscapes. We study the mechanics of perception and how environmental factors affect it. Students analyze the reality of the area of study, in search for intersections between local systems, future transformations, and the hypothetical effects of their designs.

URBAN ARKS Instructor Alicia Lazzaroni


During this semester, students question anthropocentrism and design architectural devices that empower new synergies among different species and that promote biodiversity. How could architecture innovate to embrace a more integrated and “democratic” ecological paradigm? This studio generates new architectures of coexistence and new symbiotic proposals that, with imagination and rigor, fantasy and pragmatism, explore this still vulnerable ecological paradigm and create novel experiences from promising inter-species relationships. The project begins with an investigation of human-non human synergies, a selection of an animal (or a group of animals), and an imagination of which group(s) of humans would be most directly “affected” by their animal counterparts. The projects start as small scale innovations and evolve into new urban typologies. By growing in scope, the proposals develop pragmatically, taking care of all the aspects typical of “human” architecture like structure, circulation, access, infrastructure, maintenance, and obsolescence.


Phaphavee Sriapha

Chadaporn Sompolpong

THE (PLANETARY) BEACH Instructor Déborah López Lobato

7°40’41.4”N, 98°45’56.6”E Maya Bay, Phi Phi Islands, Thailand

Nichakarn Vichitpunt

‘The (Planetary) Beach’ is a retrospective project that examines Maya Bay, Thailand, which can be considered a “manufactured nature.” A byproduct of the Hollywood industry, it is presented as an ideal and picturesque locale that has become monumentalized, and now welcomes more than 1.5 million tourists annually from all over the world. The consequences of this influx have radically changed the living conditions of humans, non-humans, and the biotope. Using the concept of the “Planetary Garden” by Gilles Clement, the studio examines the relationship between tourism, locality, and environment, challenging the traditional understanding of “radical ecology,“ which posits that life on earth can exist without man, and engaging a “humanist ecology” of coexistence. The studio uses narrative, in the form of newspapers, social media, comics, etc. as a tool to present a fictional scenario that triggers new worlds. Referencing the speculative genre of “climate fiction,” students propose an Enviro-Monumental Infrastructure.

FANTASTIC FACADES AND WHERE TO FIND THEM Instructor Surapong Lertsithichai


Vedant Urumkar

a new type of architectural facade take to extend a building’s life? How can new facades become an integral part of a new augmented architecture that offers interactivity and performance? These “Fantastic Facades” can be seen as separate entities from the internal spaces of a building, but at the same time, they could be integral components that connect users, spaces, and functions between inside and outside.


As part of an ongoing investigation into “Augmented Architecture,” the exploration of an architectural facade as a crucial element of a building is a challenging design experiment. Facades are multi-functional and are tightly connected to the identity and context of their urban fabric. While the lifespan of a typical building is around fifty years, many questions arise from how one can extend its use. What role can


Chit Su Yi Win

Danny Wills

This design studio takes place in the widening gap between representation and reality. Students probed physical, invisible, and digital landscapes in order to raise questions on accuracy, resolution, and legibility in regards to the production of site and context. In this studio, bodies and minds are augmented through tools, devices, and computing programs that aim to reveal new truths about a particular place and reconsider current methods of analysis and simulation. This investigative design project positions architecture as a medium through which data can be collected, re-imagined, and distributed into spatial

effects, rather than mere representations. The resulting designs take the form of narrative stories, speculations, and fictional tales, as students create imaginative atmospheres, spatial cross-breeds, and reconstructed realities. Students create a fully immersive space and record their performances through 360-degree virtual reality animations and narrative videos. Each virtual performance tells a story on a specific layer of environmental consciousness—light, sound, humidity, pollution, wind, temperature, and space—in order to present new perspectives on our interactions with place.

MY FAMILY Instructor Will Hulbert


Thai family systems have been deeply influenced by rituals of Confucianism and the principle of filial piety or patriarchal control over family matters including marriage and co-residence. In Thailand, decreasing birth rates, longer lifespans, rural to urban migration, greater participation of women in the workforce, and changing priorities among the young are diversifying household typologies. Despite these factors, households with three or more generations are increasing. The traditional paradigm built on filial piety is shifting from parental needs to mutual needs in more cooperative living arrangements. Students reviewed different forms of multigenerational households and collective living arrangements and imagined collective living ideas that recognize new forms of cooperative households. After referencing earlier co-living proposals and reading The Family written by Ba Jin in 1933, students selected a site in Bangkok and developed proposals for an adaptive model for collective living that encompasses multiple generations and diverse compositions of households. The projects establish a social infrastructure of collaboration and reciprocal care, foster engagement and neighborliness, and promote a vibrant urbanity around the multifarious lives of different generations and households.

149 Chanai Chaitaneeyachat

K-12 Instructor

Sapanya Patrathiranond

Moe Ekapob Suksudpaisarn

Pattarawan Rungrattawatchai

With new schools and 21st-century classrooms integrating social media and emerging technologies, this studio critically examines the potential and the importance of educational space. Can architecture be the catalyst that initiates/activates children’s learning behavior and experiences? The principles of educational space are thoroughly analyzed and discussed as part of students’ design proposals for the Warraphat School in Hat Yai. The brief is based on a real project, an actual site, and practical requirements provided by the school during a client meeting. Students gain hands-on experience meeting, engaging, and getting feedback from clients, users, architects, engineers, consultants, manufacturers/suppliers, and even an expert in child development and education.


prefix psycho - Relating to the soul, the mind, or to psychology suffix scopic - Forming adjectives relating to observation or viewing YEAR 4

Chonnikan Suwantawit

‘Psychoscopic’ Boundaries explores the area between an individual’s mental space and physical space under the lens of a specific psychological condition and using the ‘self’ as the subject for research and design. The studio opens channels between mind, body, objects, representation techniques, and narratives to manipulate particular conditions. Students examine how perceivable physical and material properties create specific effects in subjects who experience them, while also exploring how deep-seated sentiments, memories, or sensations can be materialized into spatial constructs. Students are challenged to develop a distinct material and formal language for a psychoactive interface. Experimenting with affect, syntax, semiotics, and sensual properties, a vocabulary of discrete components and building blocks is generated and somatized into a spatial output. Through the creation of new and/or unfamiliar architectural and written languages, the architectural provocations provide alternate realities situated between what is and what could be; where new thoughts, perceptions, and experiences can be derived.

Kan Vajaranant



‘R.E.-F.I.’ Antonio Bernacchi Ishita Akther Auraya French Monica Jantawee Shompoonuth Kumpakdee Norapat Lumdubwong * Meng Qingyuan Atitep Rungkeeratikul Seung-a Song

‘The Corridor: A Living Museum of Diversity’ Chon Supawongse * Mohamed Benmlih Nattha Dhamabutra * Armand Godard * Sophie Moreau Ksidij Olarnlarp * Victor Robert Natthanan Surachartkumthornkul

‘Landscapes for Ornament’ Lorenzo Perri * Clémence Blanchard * Laurene Cardy * Julie Harmegnies Sita Hirunjit Phannita Jiravatsatith * Eunwoo Jung Lisa Kamolkornpannatat

‘Monumental Wastelands’ Déborah López Lobato

* * * * *

‘Augmented Architecture 01: Interplay of Digital and Physical Environments’ Surapong Lertsithichai

‘Botanical Futures’ Gian Maria Socci Santasak Apasuthirat Panisa Kleosakul * Asuka Mogi Shwe Yi Nwe Oo Poom Permphanworawat Ranchana Rungwatanawong Sarida Thanakarnjanasuth Chit Su Yi Win

* * *

‘The Long Journey’ Tijn van de Wijdeven

‘A Chthulucenic Feast’ Alicia Lazzaroni

* Victoire de Cournuaud Bunyanut Kemmonta Isaya Kitcharoen Supichaya Kosalanantakul Natthida Mongkonsiri Luxsamon Niramitsrichai * Hideyuki Osawa Chanya Sukhumcharoenchit Saruta Yupuang

Naipaporn Buppa Sarisa Chaiwongkiat * Yura Kang Kunpriya Khamkhane * Hugo Mendes * Akane Morinaga * Larry Ralainarvo Ravison Nattachomporn Supaprutsakul

* Exchange students

Noppanut Bovornratanavech Daria Dmitrieva Justine Houhou Yuto Kato Ayoub Khodri Inès Langlois Dalia Puodziute Thanakarn Srathongin Natdanai Wareerinsiri


Natchapongtorn Gaesornsuwan Thanapon Harnpattanapanich Parisorn Itsarapanich Jun Jashiro Nana Mori Thanatcha Pojthaveekiat Pierre Alexandre Pommerol Kittipon Sanitwong na Ayuthaya Panat Triwattana Lucile Uda


‘The Instant Sublime and Subliminal Filters’ Gian Maria Socci

Proud Danpoe Daria Dmitrieva Monica Jantawee Bunyanut Kemmonta Kunpriya Khamkhane Chansokhan Nuon Kimseng Ouk Chanya Sukhumcharoenchit

Pornphat Bejrananda Chularach Engchanil Parisorn Itsarapanich Panyanus Jansomwong Pornnapath Khampiranon Natchaluck Radomsittipat Ranchana Rungwatanawong Kittipon Sanitwong na Ayuthaya Palita Tungjaroen

‘Sanyen: The Tropical Montane Cloud Forest’ Chon Supawongse

‘Urban Arks’ Alicia Lazzaroni

Naipaporn Buppa Palakorn Guagulpipat Pongtrust Patcharapond Pluem Pongpisal Rasa Shirdel Natthanan Surachartkumthornkul Alena Triratanakitikul Wasutop Viriyasuebpong

Akarpint Chomphooteep Sita Hirunjit Woraphan Jampachaisri Popploy Julpongsathorn Prompruit Snitwongse na Ayudhya Chadaporn Sompolpong Phaphavee Sriapha Porntawan Suppakornwiwat

‘Limits of Closure’ Danny Wills Santasak Apasuthirat Nithit Chompatana Nattha Dhamabutra Isaya Kitcharoen Ksidij Olarnlarp Maethavee Padungsakdisin Thanatcha Pojthaveekiat Panat Triwattana Chit Su Yi Win

‘My Family’ Will Hulbert * Mohamed Ben Mlih Noppanut Bovornratanavech Chanai Chaitaneeyachat Sarisa Chaiwongkiat Chanin Homdee Poom Permphanworawat * Pierre Alexandre Pommerol Achiraya Sangpaiboon Nattachomporn Supaprutsakul

‘The (Planetary) Beach’ Déborah López Lobato

‘K-12’ Moe Ekapob Suksudpaisarn

Dhataroth Chaiwarasilpa Yada Chatavaraha Rasita Choonhaprasert Phannita Jiravatsatith Supichaya Kosalanantakul Shompoonuth Kumpakdee Norapat Lumdubwong Chanon Sutharoj

Ishita Akther Nutnicha Attawutinun Tanaboon Kittisrikangwan Yamin Kosittanakiat Nathnicha Nimitmongkol Seung-a Song Nichakarn Vichitpunt Natdanai Wareerinsiri

Natthida Mongkonsiri Luxsamon Niramitsrichai Sapanya Patrathiranond Pattarawan Rungrattawatchai Nunthikorn Satirachat Phannarath Siritantipat Saruta Yupuang

‘Anthropomorphic Parad(e)-ism’ Lorenzo Perri

‘Fantastic Facades and Where to Find Them’ Surapong Lertsithichai

‘Psychoscopic Boundaries’ Hadin Charbel

Kongphob Amornpatarasin Sakdipat Chitsawaengsrap Ruchchapa Jaochakarasiri Lisa Kamolkornpannatat Hathairat Kangval Supavitch Kugasemrat Sisilpa Srisukson Chutimon Suetragulwong

Natchapongtorn Gaesornsuwan Thanapon Harnpattanapanich Natcha Kikhoontod Panisa Kleosakul Atitep Rungkeeratikul Thanakarn Srathongin Sarida Thanakarnjanasuth Vedant Urumkar

Napassorn Charoentra Auraya French Shwe Yi Nwe Oo Nuttcha Paopahon Lalita Phatthanachaisuksiri Napatr Pornvisawaraksakul Chonnikan Suwantawit Kan Vajaranant


‘Departure, Arrival’ Tijn van de Wijdeven

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

‘Enrichment: Architecture in the Age of Commodity Fetishism’ Antonio Bernacchi

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures





DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

The INDA exchange program allows students to spend one semester at a partnering academic institution in another country. The programs aim to increase the school’s engagement on a global level and provide a popular destination for international students. In the 2018-2019 year, fifty-five INDA students went to fifteen schools abroad while eighteen students participated in design studios at INDA. The number of partner institutions has continually grown and evolved over the last few years and now includes universities from four continents. INDA continually seeks new opportunities for international collaboration.



The Pink Poodle The Pink Poodle unearths and projects the architecture of mid-century leisure modernism. It presents new ways of tropical living between glitz and glamour, greatness and greed. It wants to resurface the lasting spirit and values of 1950s and 60s design, most importantly, its atmospheric qualities of openness, transparency, details, and construction. The Pink Poodle merges brutal structuralism with tropical​ity and hospitality. The studio documents a design strategy for a hotel destination in Cambodia through model-making, rapid prototyping, 3D printing, and visual communication, where new architecture emerges at the intersection between tourism, real estate, and new construction techniques in the tropics.

Chansokhan Nuon and Vedant Tushar Urumkar Located within an awe-inspiring mountain range with panoramic views, the spa resort matches the contemplative tone and mystical ambience of the site. The hotel uses convex and concave forms to frame views that enhance the qualities of the surrounding area. Mist enters the interior, creating a mysterious and otherworldly atmosphere.

ARCHITECTURAL ASSOCIATION Instructors Katya Larina Naiara Vegara

Exchange Programs

Napassorn Charoentra Aiming to create a center for cultural integration where people can share ideas, the three-floor building serves as a pier for tourist boats and as a community center that connects to the shore.

Paris Olympic Legacy


The studio examined the Paris 2024 Olympic scheme to identify neighborhoods that have the potential to strategically evolve, rethink their urbanity, and define the city’s legacy. Students investigated the existing conditions of the site and its relation to the city, documenting multiple layers of information. By analyzing both tangible and intangible conditions, each student developed his/her own brief to target specific design challenges around the idea of re-introducing old infrastructure into changing urban areas. Design proposals were multi-scalar, and they related to larger narratives of the aesthetic, programmatic, and socioeconomic capacities of the city. Students were invited to explore their own aesthetic style as an outcome of the process, and the ongoing dialogue between two- and three-dimensional representation revealed unpredictable qualities that inspired their design narratives.

CHU HAI COLLEGE OF HIGHER EDUCATION Instructors Ken Too David Booth Kevin Siu

Natchaluck Radomsittipat

In this program, students designed a waterside park with integrated recreation facilities. The projects focused on social and environmental sustainability as well as urban connectivity and green design. Students analyzed the waterfront site as part of a well-connected urban network and adopted passive design strategies for heating, cooling, and ventilation to minimize energy consumption in their proposals. Key design considerations included building orientation, enclosure, materiality, green roofs, water recycling, and modular construction systems.

Chonnikan Suwantawit

TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH Instructors Stephen Bates Bruno Krucker Claudia DĂźll-Buchecker (assistant) Daniel Pflaum (assistant)

An Economy of Means Residential Transformation in Munich Exchange Programs

To work with an economy of means, to transform what exists with deft hands, to make new things working with what already exists, to allow what exists to grow and transform into something else feels like an appropriate strategy to counter the twenty-first century tendency to live beyond our means, in denial of environmental reality. It requires us to go beyond the limits of Modernism and to work with a more inclusive approach to form and language, to create new interpretations which are contemporary, relevant, and comfortable. The project transforms the existing and unfinished structures of the Olympia Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) in Munich to create revitalized forms of living and working which contribute toward an optimistic urban collective. The wasted space of parking structure roofs can be remodeled or extended and can offer new housing possibilities. Can a sustainable and dignified urban life emerge from the ruin and the fragment?


Pluem Pongpisal and Lalita Phatthanachaisuksiri

UNIVERSITY OF SEOUL Instructors Marc Brossa Hyojin Byeon

Urban Hybrid: The Social Condenser as a Tool for the Regeneration of Traditional Markets Traditional markets are not only productive economic infrastructures, but also centers of cultural exchange and condensers of social relationships capable of empowering communities. The urban renewal of the Yakryeong Herbal Medicine Market in Dongdaemun not only involves an upgrade of its physical infrastructure, but also a rethinking of the activities and events it hosts in order to address the regeneration of decaying communities. The ‘social condenser’ is a spatial concept based on the belief that architecture can influence social behavior. For example, shared circulation nodes can create collision zones of varied constituencies, producing unexpected interactions among different users. The studio proposes a hybrid building capable of triggering an urban regeneration of the Yakryeong market. Students seek to create a new paradigm of tourist facility that engages visitors through temporary accommodation and a shared public facility.

Sapanya Patrathiranond A hybrid building that accommodates a traditional herbal market, pop up events, and a sleeping retreat for insomniacs, the architecture performs as a kind of living medicine or therapy for its occupants.

Yada Chatavaraha The project aims to reactivate Seoul’s largest herbal market by exploring the idea of ‘healing’ and by implementing an organic treatment strategy for those with mental disorders.


Exchange Programs

Nuttcha Paopahon, Nunthikorn Satirachat, and Sisilpa Srisukson An installation at Haikou port in southern Taiwan, the project creates an elevated viewing deck that blocks strong winds and frames a view of the sea while spinning louvers reflect sunlight for distant observers.


L’ÉCOLE NATIONALE SUPÉRIEURE D’ARCHITECTURE DE PARIS-BELLEVILLE Instructors Julien Correia Solenn Guével Arnold Pasquier Philippe Simay

Chutimon Suetragulwong An education area links four schools in the Sarcelles region, allows children to help the community, and creates a useful path between public and residential areas. The design consists of three branches of an elevated path, linking a learning center, an ecological station, a sports area, a playground, and a water restoration center.

Nutnicha Attawutinun Through the reintroduction of public space, this project proposes new relationships between its inhabitants and the environment in order to re-establish the city’s identity. The design includes a series of city-nature stations as modular infrastructure that adapts and evolves over time.

MEIJI UNIVERSITY Instructors Masami Kobayashi Hiroyuki Sasaki

Exchange Programs

Maethavee Padungsakdisin An urban design project, the proposal seeks to attract people and ‘resonate’ through a combination of new buildings and green space and a harmonious synchronization between humans and nature.


PARSONS SCHOOL OF DESIGN Instructor David J. Lewis

Panyanus Jansomwong An elevated bicycle path offers a substitute for the absence of the L-train from Brooklyn to Manhattan along 14th street. The design creates an added urban layer with a system of roundabouts and a bike station that grows vertically and offers free bike locks, bike repair stations, and a cafe.


Architectural Association (AA), United Kingdom:

Meiji University, Japan:

Napassorn Charoentra Chularach Engchanil Palakorn Guagulpipat Popploy Julpongsathorn

Chanai Chaitaneeyachat Maethavee Padungsakdisin Achiraya Sangpaiboon Phannarath Siritantipat

Chu Hai College of Higher Education, Hong Kong:

Monash University, Australia:

Natchaluck Radomsittipat Chonnikan Suwantawit

Kimseng Ouk

L’École Bleue, France:

Chansokhan Nuon Vedant-Tushar Urumkar

L’École nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris-Belleville, France: Nutnicha Attawutinun Sakdipat Chitsawaengsrap Rasa Shirdel Chutimon Suetragulwong L’École nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris-La Villette, France: Kongphob Amornpatarasin Proud Danpoe Prompruit Snitwongse-na-ayudhya Alena Triratanakitikul L’École nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Versailles, France:

Politecnico di Milano, Italy: Nathnicha Nimitmongkol Technical University of Munich, Germany: Lalita Phatthanachaisuksiri Pluem Pongpisal Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan: Chanin Homdee Tunghai University, Taiwan: Nuttcha Paopahon Nunthikorn Satirachat Sisilpa Srisukson University of Seoul, South Korea: Yada Chatavaraha Akarpint Chomphooteep Rasita Choonhaprasert Woraphan Jampachaisri Hathairat Kangval Yamin Kosittanakiat Sapanya Patrathiranond Pattarawan Rungrattawatchai Chadaporn Sompolpong Phaphavee Sriapha


Pornphat Bejrananda Dhataroth Chaiwarasilpa Natcha Kikhoontod Pornnapath Khampiranon Porntawan Suppakornwiwat Chanon Sutharoj

Parsons School of Design, USA: Panyanus Jansomwong Kan Vajaranant Wasutop Viriyasuebpong

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

Nithit Chompatana Ruchchapa Jaochakarasiri Tanaboon Kittisrikangwan Supavitch Kugasemrat Pongtrust Patcharapond Napatr Pornvisawaraksakul Palita Tungjaroen Nichakarn Vichitpunt

National University of Singapore:

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures



INDA PARADE The INDA Parade, an annual event and comprehensive exhibition of student work across each year group, celebrates the diverse output of the school and encourages a dialog between students, instructors, and guests. The experimental and exploratory nature of the school is reflected in the wide array of approaches to design and architecture including nonlinear processes, material explorations, conceptual narratives, and unconventional media formats. INDA hosted public lectures from three international guests--Liam Young, Shirley Suriya, and Urtzi Grau--who participated in studio reviews, provided insight into their design backgrounds, presented their current projects, and offered critical reflection on the variety of methodologies employed at the school. These productive exchanges contributed invaluable feedback and revealed potential new trajectories for the school moving forward.

Shirley Suriya

Design Hadin Charbel DĂŠborah LĂłpez Lobato Manufacturing Kandanai Sudsanguan Peera Tayanukorn Phatchanon Varanukulsak Tanadon Wanitnunttada App Development Michal Jurgielewicz Liam Young

Urtzi Grau

News and Events


EVOLO SKYSCRAPER COMPETITION The Evolo Skyscraper competition is an annual award that invites architects, students, engineers, designers, and artists from around the globe to contribute proposals for what a skyscraper can be. It recognizes visionary ideas that challenge the way we understand vertical architecture and its relationship with the natural and built environments through the novel use of technology, materials, programs, aesthetics, and spatial organizations.

All first and second-year INDA students participated in the competition and several teams were nominated to submit official entries. These group projects explored ideas of transnational barriers, air pollution, localized urban identity, food production, and resource conservation.

Team 1 - ‘La Muralla’ Buris Chanchaikittikorn Korrawich Koomtako Chanakarn Pongteekayu Tida Rama Sirapat Sapthaweeteerakul Despite United States President Donald Trump’s nativist immigration policies, the U.S.-Mexico border has seen a surge of immigrants that has resulted in extensive processing delays. ‘La Muralla’ proposes a horizontal skyscraper that offers adequate facilities for refugees and addresses the concerns of residents on both sides of the border.

Team 2 - ‘Breathable City’ Wichayes Maneepakhathorn Natalie Pirarak Kamolthip Polsamak Raphadson Saraputtised ‘Breathable City’ seeks to address Bangkok’s shortage of public green space and abundance of air pollution (particularly PM 2.5) through the creation of a vertical park and other community facilities.

Team 3 - ‘Yaowachaotic’ Ramita Keeratiurai Waris Majitnapakul Koonanan Panyahom Methawadee Pathomrattanapiban Facing a street food vendor ban, ‘Yaowachaotic’ offers uprooted vendors a place to conduct business and an improvement on the typically unsanitary conditions of street food production.

Team 4 - ‘Tomorrow’s Harvest’

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Pannathorn Amnuaychokhirun Santhila Chanoknamchai Navapol Montong Saifa Sathaporn ‘Tomorrow’s Harvest’ uses architecture as a host for threedimensional food production in response to increasing urban population growth and decreasing fertile land area. The project identifies Hong Kong as a ‘foodvulnerable’ location and explores its dependence on China for agricultural imports.

Team 5 - ‘Forest Keeper’ Napassorn Kanwatchara Chayanisa Ongarjphanchai Prin Parinyanusorn Anchalika Thepnumsommanus


Addressing the growth of palm oil production and the resulting deforestation of Indonesia, ‘Forest Keeper’ proposes a system of drones and amorphous towers that collect and manage waste in specific local contexts.

ASSOCIATION OF SIAMESE ARCHITECTS (ASA) FORUM Instructors Sabrina Morreale Lorenzo Perri Perennial Topiary Welcome to the Anthropocene. Amid overwhelming evidence that atmospheric, geologic, hydrologic, biospheric, and other earth systems are now being altered by humans, ‘Perennial Topiary’ is a collection of possible solutions, projections, rejections, and moments to share globally. We define ecology to include not just the environment but also subcultures, ethical scarcity, and financial excess--realities that are hidden in plain sight. The more that we ignore or forget, the less we care. In this ‘Perennial Topiary,’ every time a flower is picked up, a thread of necessary knowledge is shaped. One flower is one project. We construct our topiary out of hundreds of projects. Curiosity raises awareness. Architect’19 “Living Green” examines the idea of sustainability in architecture and design. It considers aspects such as the use of innovative, environmentally-friendly materials and the combination of local wisdom and modern technology to find solutions suited to the current situation through thought-provoking exhibitions and activities. The 2019 ASA EXPO offers a “green experience” for the first time. The idea of sustainability is employed in every detail of the event; using eco-friendly materials, energy-efficient lighting in the exhibition area, reducing the use of paper, and employing more effective waste management strategies.

Students Khine Thin Aye Ann-pavinee Langenskioeld Thongtor Nontavatit Prima Rojanapiyawong Sahasrungsri Wajchathon

TALA AWARDS 2018 In the 2018 Thai Association of Landscape Architects (TALA) Student Design Competition, fourth-year INDA student Naipaporn Buppa was awarded first prize for her project entitled ‘Little Yaowarat.’ The project is a rooftop landscape that consists of artificial elements from a Chinese garden. It offers access to inner Yaowarat as well as more public amenities that aim to create a hidden city within a city and resist the impact of commerce that is expected to take over the residential area in the future. The design focuses on the creation of an extended network of urban connections, mainly through clearly defined rooftop spaces.

News and Events 175

OSLO ARCHITECTURE TRIENNALE Instructors Antonio Bernacchi Alicia Lazzaroni Tikumporn Panichakan (assistant) ‘Visual Ecolophonic,’ the research project developed as an International Workshop in Lapland, Finland, was selected to be part of the Oslo Architecture Triennale 2019 ‘The Architecture of Degrowth.’ The installation proposed an augmented storytelling dictionary of selected terms from the Sami Language. The terms have been materialized in abstract acrylic illustrations, recalling folk Sami woodcut printing techniques. The illustrations emerge from a bed of silicon lichens and reveal narratives and analytical documents through an augmented reality interface.

Students Satida Adsavakulchai Tanapat Adulteerakit Chinnapat Asavabenya Apisada Hanbunjerd Rachapon Jidapasirikul Sakaokaew Jindawitchu Hattakarn Lertyongphati Thanakorn Phonthanakornkul Chanakarn Pongteekayu Natnicha Pornteparak Kodchakorn Promjaree Arnon Vongarnon

SEOUL BIENNALE GLOBAL STUDIO Instructor Alicia Lazzaroni

News and Events

The Global Studio as part of the 2019 Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism invited INDA to participate in a collective exhibition of design projects from different schools around the world. The theme of “Collective City� was particularly relevant for the work of the thirdyear INDA studio. To expand the involvement of INDA students beyond the third-year studio, a design-build program was proposed for second-year students to conduct the installation of the exhibit, playing a fundamental role in communicating the essence of the school to an international audience. The exhibition consisted of four augmented pop-up books that narrate eight districts of Bangkok through the works of seventeen selected students.

Exhibition design (year 2 students): Thanvarat Jamnongnoravut Hattakarn Lertyongphati Paweenda Patarathamaporn Athitaya Piamvilai Kamolthip Polsamak Kodchakorn Promjaree Tida Rama Tamon Sawangnate Napas Simarangsun Exhibited projects (year 3 students):


Boontita Boonsusakul Pasinee Kerdpongvanich Kanchaporn Kieatkhajornrit Shompoonuth Kumpakdee Sapanya Patrathiranond Luksika Pratumtin Thunda Rerkpaisan Panas Saengvanich Lalipat Sirirat Puntawan Suppakornwiwat Piriyakorn Tamthong Sitanan Teeracharoenchai Nanna Thaiboonruang Pittaya Thamma Vedant Urumkar Thanjira Vimonanupong Pimboon Wongmesak

TACT Building Sustainability Towards the Next Generation Tact is a youth-run social enterprise which has bridged leading corporations and a youth network of more than 500 college students in its efforts to develop solutions for the most pressing issues of our time including education, waste management, and local tourism. One of its most evident accomplishments lies in the area of waste management as demonstrated in the recent ‘Waste Runner’ competition, supported by PTT GC, in which participants successfully tested and developed practical waste management models in the Bang Krachao area. The project has been widely acknowledged as the next wave of a social movement in Thai society as it successfully garnered support from various stakeholders across sectors and generations.

Students Santhila Chanoknamchai Thanapond Namnanthasith

ADMISSIONS INFORMATION In order to be eligible to enroll at Chulalongkorn University, applicants must have successfully completed an upper secondary or high school education. Applicants who have graduated from international schools in Thailand that have been accredited by the Ministry of Education may use their school transcript or diploma for admission. In all other cases, applicants need to obtain an equivalent certificate from the Ministry of Education.

3. One of the following math test scores: - Old SAT* (math) with a minimum score of 550 - New SAT* (math) with a minimum score of 570 - CU-AAT* (math) with a minimum score of 550

In cases where applicants submit both English and math scores from either CU-AAT or SAT, both scores must be from the same test date. 4. Test scores of aptitude in design: - CU-TAD with a minimum score of 50%

Please check the most updated admission requirements on the INDA website ( 1. High school certificate or equivalent: Applicants have completed high school or passed the high school equivalent standard test (GED, IGCSE) or are presently in high school (Mathayom 6, grade 11-12 in the U.S. system or year 11-13 in the British/IB system) 2. One of the following English proficiency test scores: - TOEFL with a 550 (paper-based) or 79 (internet-based) score - IELTS with a minimum score of 6.0 - CU-TEP with a minimum score of 80 - Old SAT* (critical reading) with a minimum score of 400 - New SAT* (evidence-based reading and writing) with a minimum score of 450 - CU-AAT* (verbal) with a minimum score of 400

5. Portfolio

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Admission Requirements:

Personal works of art, craft, and design in an A4-size folder or binding with a thickness not exceeding two (2) centimeters 6. Application form including:

- 1,000 baht non-refundable application fee - A copy of the applicant’s passport - Two (2) copies of 1 inch x 1 inch photographs - Documents of qualification from points one (1) through five (5) as listed above For CU-AAT, CU-TEP, and CU-TAD testing information, contact Chulalongkorn University’s Testing Information Center at 02-218-3717 CU-ATC website: Detailed schedule, including application deadlines and interviews, will be updated in December 2019 at


INSTRUCTOR BIOS Preechaya Sittipunt Program Director

Surapong Lertsithichai Deputy Program Director

Dr. Scott Drake Academic Coordinator

Preechaya Sittipunt is the Director of the International Program in Design and Architecture (INDA). She received an M.S. in Architectural Studies and Building Systems Design from MIT and a Ph.D in Architecture in Design Theories and Methods from University of California – Berkeley. With over 30 years of teaching experience, her expertise lies in design thinking, creative economy, international curriculum management and innovation development for academia and industries.

Surapong Lertsithichai received his Doctorate and Master degrees in the area of Computer-Aided Design from Harvard University and a Master of Architecture from Yale University. His research interest and professional expertise lies in CAD software development, interactive media, digital entertainment, and tangible user interfaces. Prior to joining INDA Surapong joined Fuji-Xerox Palo Alto Laboratory in California as a research scientist developing intelligent software and digital solutions for workplaces.

Scott is an Associate Professor of Architecture specializing in the areas of environmental design and construction technology. He has more than twenty-five years of experience teaching architecture at the University of South Australia and the University of Melbourne. His book, The Elements of Architecture: Principles of Environmental Performance in Buildings, was published by Earthscan press in 2009.

Sergi Serrat Year 1 Coordinator

Déborah López Lobato Year 2 Coordinator

Alicia Lazzaroni Year 3 Coordinator

Barcelona 1976. 2002 Master in Architecture from ETSAV UPC in Barcelona. From 2004 runs his own professional practise : GRND82. Our work has been published and awarded in national and international contexts. From 2003 teaches at several institutions such as ETSAV UPC in Barcelona, University of Illinois at Chicago, KU Leuven in Gent, UMA and LTH in Sweden and lately joined INDA for the second time.

Déborah López received her Master’s in Architecture from the University of Tokyo as a Monbukagakusho scholar and her M.Arch and Bachelor of Arts at UEM. She is the co-founder of Pareid, an architecture studio that explores topics at the intersection of experimental fabrication techniques, multi-sensorial experiences, ecologies, and new realities within the contemporary condition.

Alicia Lazzaroni is an Italian architect and engineer, who obtained her postgraduate Master from ETSAM, UPM Madrid. Since 2016 she coordinates the third year design studios at INDA She’s co-founder of Animali Domestici, a studio focused on experimental and speculative projects and processes, her fields of interest relate to a wider understanding of ecology and a post-anthropocentric approach.

Antonio Bernacchi Year 4 Coordinator

Pongsiri Boonsom

Hadin Charbel

Pongsiri Boonsom has a Master of Engineering in Construction Management and a Master of Science in Transportation Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He has been a project manager for Sheraton Resort and Spa Hua Hin, Millennium Hilton Bangkok, JW Marriott Bangkok, Grand Hyatt Erawan Bangkok, and others as well as an executive director for Thai Property Appraisal Lynn Phillips Co., Ltd.

Hadin Charbel received his Master’s in Architecture from the University of Tokyo as a Monbukagakusho scholar and his B.A in Architectural Studies from UCLA. He is the co-founder of Pareid, an architecture studio that explores topics at the intersection of experimental fabrication techniques, multi-sensorial experiences, ecologies, and new realities within the contemporary condition.

Antonio Bernacchi is an Italian architect and engineer, who obtained his postgraduate Master from ETSAM, UPM Madrid. Since 2016 he coordinates fourth year design studios at INDA He’s cofounder of Animali Domestici, a studio focused on experimental and speculative projects and processes. His interests span from manufactured imaginaries, especially for realestate marketing, to ‘critical speculative design’.

Paolo Euron

Trained architect, designer and former faculty of Pratt Institute’s Center for Experimental Structures. Professional work concentrates on the study of form, material research, digitally driven design, fabrication and parametric project delivery with 10+ years of experience in the production of architectural componentry, fine art and products enabling advanced workflows combining heritage and state-of-the-art craft.

Moe Ekapob graduated from the Architectural Association, AA School of Architecture in London with AADipl and ARB/RIBA part 2 and has worked in San Francisco, Amsterdam, London (ARUP in Advanced Geometry Unit) and New York (SOM in Digital Design Group and Urban Design & Planning Group). Moe has published a book on school design in Thailand with Lizenn Publishing and also has his own design practice, AND Co.,Ltd.

Paolo Euron, Ph.D. in Aesthetics at the University of Bologna, Associate Professor of aesthetics (Italian Ministry of University and Research), worked in Stuttgart, at the University of Turin and at the Faculty of Arts of Chulalongkorn University, where he has become an Assistant Professor. His most recent book is Aesthetics, Theory and Interpretation of the Literary Work (Brill, Leiden/Boston 2019).

Gregory Galligan

Will Hulbert

Michal Jurgielewicz

Gregory Galligan, Ph.D., is a curator and art historian, and director/co-founder of THAI ART ARCHIVES™, Bangkok (f. 2010). Galligan specializes in global modern and contemporary art and writes regularly for Art in America and ArtAsiaPacific. Most recently he has contributed chapters to A Companion to Curation (Wiley, 2019) and Visual Art Archives in Asia (Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press; 2019).

Will is a UK registered architect and completed his qualifications at the Bartlett, University College London. He has worked on major commercial and mixed use projects with practices in the UK, France, Germany and Hong Kong. Will shares his accumulated wisdom from practice through year 4 design studio, and classes in environmental and structural technology and architectural professional and business management.

Michal Jurgielewicz is an architect with nine years of international experience in South-East Asian and European countries. He operates in fields of speculation, exploring possible scenarios emerging from contemporary culture and technology, understanding the implications of artificial intelligence and automation on present architectural/urban design.

Pratana P. Klieopatinon

Antoine Lassus

Thomas Lozada

Pratana has been teaching first and second year studios and third year seminar courses on community and urbanism. Her issues of interest relate to design production, application, and performances at various physical and temporal scales. She believes that design and architecture can be platforms for multidisciplinary engagement from individual to communal levels.

Designer in the fields of architecture, urban and landscape. Involved in the exploration of Bangkok’s ancient districts and its communities, he contributes to raising awareness of their cultural value. He previously worked for several French and international projects as part of Bernard Lassus & Associés’s team and as managing partner of Neovista He graduated as Architecte D.P.L.G. from Paris la Villette.

Thomas Lozada is the history-theory coordinator, the publications director, and a design studio instructor at INDA. He is currently a contributor at art4D, and has worked in New York as a licensed architect and as a research editor with CLOG, an international architecture publication that critically explores a single topic from multiple perspectives. He was also an adjunct professor at NYIT after graduating with a master’s degree from Pratt Institute.


Moe Ekapob

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

Patrick Donbeck

Sabrina Morreale

Romea Muryn

Payap Pakdeelao

Sabrina Morreale is an architect and illustrator based between Bangkok and London. She is collaborating with various magazines such as Rivista Studio, Cartha Magazine, and Elle as an illustrator and with RIBA as a curator assistant. She is the Program Head of the AA Visiting School El Alto, and she recently founded Lemonot, a platform using architecture as a methodology to reach different outcomes like toys, pastry tools, and story-telling.

Romea Muryń is a Polish architect and urban planner. After receiving her master’s degree from West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland and her bachelor’s degree from the School of Design and Technology in Copenhagen, Denmark, she worked for eight years as an architect in leading design practices in Copenhagen, New York, and Rotterdam. Romea also successfully completed the postgraduate programme ‘Hybrid Urbanism’ at Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture and Design and worked as a leading architect and urban strategist at KB Strelka in Moscow, Russia.

Payap Pakdeelao is an architect, a retail architecture consultant, and an Adjunct Professor of Architecture at INDA. He earned a Bachelor of Arts in Art History and Practice from Williams College and graduated with a Master in Architecture (MArch I) from Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design.

Lorenzo Perri

Gian Maria Socci

Pannasan Sombuntham

Lorenzo graduated with Honours from the Architectural Association (AA) in 2016. He has previously taught as a consultant for Intermediate 7 and Diploma 8 at the AA while participating in several competitions with international firms (Amid.Cero9, Elemental). He co-founded the research-based Plakat Platform and the architectural practice Ecòl. Since 2017, together with Sabrina Morreale, he is the Program Head of the AA Visiting School El Alto and a co-founder of Lemonot, a design and research platform that investigates architectural production and its implications on other disciplines.

Gian Maria Socci is an architect, urban designer, and educator focusing on social engagement in public spaces and outdoor living. He received a master’s degree in Architecture from FAF Ferrara and a MAS degree in Urban Design from ETH Zürich. He then worked independently, winning awards in numerous design competitions. Between 2013 and 2016, he had been a project architect and a research assistant for Urban Think Tank at ETH Zürich. In 2017, together with Danny Wills, Gian Maria founded Space Saloon, a design laboratory on the move. Since 2017, he has been an adjunct professor at INDA.

After receiving a bachelor’s degree in architecture from the Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University, Pannasan travelled to seek his fortunes in the U.S. Through a series of opportunities, he found himself in graduate studies at the University of Washington, Seattle. Subsequently, he pursued a career in architecture. Life led him back to Bangkok, where he now teaches at INDA with world-class colleagues.

Chon Supawongse

Todo Takanao

Rebecca van Beeck

From Si Chon, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Chon graduated with a Master of Landscape Architecture with Distinction from Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design where he received Dean’s Merit Scholarships, American Society of Landscape Architects Certificate of Honor for Excellence, and the Landscape Architecture Thesis Prize.

Takanao graduated from the Architectural Association in 2008 and worked for various architectural firms. His main focus is material research and innovative design concepts, which drove him to win numerous awards including the London Design Award (silver), the DP Inspiration “Design of the year,” and the commission for the pavilion @ ECO WORLD

Rebecca studied architecture at the University of Cape Town, completing her Honours degree in 2015. Her work is focused around events, installation art, theater, and small-scaled architectural interventions. She has worked on projects such as ‘News from Nowhere’ with the Migros Museum of Contemporary Art in Zurich, and was the project manager for Urban Think Tank’s ‘Sarajevo Now’ exhibition at the 2016 Venice Architecture Biennale. She has worked at KTH Stockholm, ETH Zurich, Cape Town’s World Design Capital division, and the digital publishing company Between 10 and 5.

Tijn van de Wijdeven

Wisarut Wattanachote

Danny Wills

Tijn van de Wijdeven is an architect and teaches at INDA in Bangkok since 2014. Previously he has collaborated with studio Dogma in Brussels as an architect and researcher on various projects and the publication ‘11 Projects’. Prior to that he worked as an architect at Mecanoo in Delft. Tijn graduated from Arnhem University of Applied Science (BSc.) and from The Architectural Association (AADipl.) in London.

Wisarut (Eric) Wattanachote received his master’s degree from the Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCIARC). Wisarut joined MAD Architects in Beijing as an architectural designer as well as Rottet Studio in Los Angeles as a project designer. He returned to Thailand in 2015 to join INDA, and he currently teaches courses related to environmental technology and the fundamentals of structural design. He founded and directed WIWA-STUDIO and Artisine Studio as architectural and interior design practices.

Danny Wills is a designer, educator, and researcher from the US who graduated from the Cooper Union School of Architecture. He was a researcher, lecturer, and design studio coordinator at ETH Zurich and worked as a project architect for Urban-Think Tank. His work has been featured in several publications (CLOG, JAE, Wallpaper), online blogs (ArchDaily, BLDGBLOG, Archinect), and exhibitions including the 2016 Venice Architecture Biennale and the 2016 Lisbon Architecture Triennale. He completed his post-professional degree at SCI-Arc, and he is a co-founder of Space Saloon.

Namfon Chantapiriyapoon Administrator (Procurement)

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

INDA Administrative Staff

Wanwisa Wanchanalat Administrator (Finance) Phongsakorn Embangtoei Administrator (Resources) Pornnipa Khatkantha International Affairs Pornsawan Rangubpis Academic Affairs Thanyarat Chaiyuttapoom Academic Affairs Usavadee Sangwisate Student Affairs


ALUMNI SURVEY Which part of the world are you currently in?

Thailand 80.4% Asia (Outside Thailand) 1.5% Others 1.5%

USA 6.0%

Europe 10.6%

Are you studying or working? Working 74.2%

Studying 25.8%

Place of Employment Accenture Avroko

ELLE Thailand

Benoy Bjarke Ingels Group Boondesign BRANDI Corporation


Chapman Taylor Architect Chokoon CU Innovation Hub CUIYC Design 103 International

Honda R&D Southeast Asia Imaginary Objects INDA Chulalongkorn University Integrated Field Inverse Lighting Keystone Studio Landscape Collaboration

LHMH Neera Retreat Hotel

The Standard Tott & Sari TROP : terrains + openspace

Palette Me Co.,Ltd. Palmer and Turner Piece P Landscape (PLA)

United Nations Human Settlement Program

Stu/D/O architect Stu.Dio Ke.Th Supermachine Studio

Xsite Design Studio

Tandem Architects The Breakfast Club

Vessu Architects

If you are currently studying, what is your field ? Visual Communication 25.0% Architecture 31.2%

Business Administration 18.7%

Urban Design and Planning 6.4%

Design Construction 18.7%

Business & Marketing 15.2% Graphic Design 4.3%

Exhibition Design 18.7%

Others 5.9%

DEX 2019 Oblique Futures

If you are currently working, what is your field ?

Architecture 43.3%

Landscape Architecture 4.3%

Automotive Design 1.0% Fashion 1.0%

Real Estate 4.3%

Industrial Design 1.0% Interior Design 1.0%

Place of Study Chulalongkorn University Coventry University KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Parsons School of Design Pratt Institute

Thammasat University The Bartlett School of Architecture University of East London University of Pennsylvania


National Institute of Development Administration (NIDA)

Royal College of Art

COLOPHON Editor-in-Chief: Thomas Lozada

Assistant Editor: Isaya Kitcharoen

Graphic Designer:

The Head and the Heart Studio

Printed in Bangkok, Thailand by Chulalongkorn University Press, 2019


Antonio Bernacchi Hadin Charbel Santawat Chienpradit Isara Kesaranond Antoine Lassus Déborah López Lobato Panas Saengvanich Beer Singnoi

Review Guests:

Wayla Amatathammachad Vidura Amranand Pam Anantrungroj Dr. Usanee Anuruthwong Winyu Ardrugsa Pavin Banternghansa Mathieu Bellec Pheereeya Moopee Boonchaiyapruek Yarinda Nina Bunnag Savinee Buranasilapin Kamonsin Chathurattaphol Joe Cheung Chittawadi Chitrabongs Ken Chongsuwat Chatpong Chuenrudeemol Ermanno Cirillo Alvaro Conti Juan Cuevas Tom Dannecker Ornnicha Nim Duriyaprapan Jakub Gardolinski Peter Geyer

Theodora Giovanazzi Pongpisit Pun Huyakorn Jade Jiambutr Pitchapa Jular Wen Prisdha Jumsai Oy Kanjanavanit Bunjong Kiatsingnakorn Jaturon Deaw Kingminghae Likit Q Kittisakdinan Kanoon Klieopatinon Sorachai Kornkasem Tap Kruavanichkit Marta Kwiczała Kannawat Credit Limratepong Ttidej Lirapirom Lorenzo Luzzi Jan Mantanakorn Christo Meyer Richard Morris Varis Niwatsakul Kijchot Nuntanasirivikrom Savitri Bim Paisalwattana Malina Palasthira Narit Paranulaksa Will Patera Soyploy Ploy Phanich Nigel P. Power Federico Puggioni Ponwit Ratanatanatevilai David Schafer Chuta Sinthuphan Chao Chawanart Sithibhud Eiji Sumi Danai Jack Surasa Cory Ticktin Kanokwan Nok Trakulyingcharoen Wish Vitayathanagorn Bea Vithaya Nawanwaj Aom Yudhanahas

Special thanks to all of our review guests, collaborators, and everyone else who helped make this another successful year at INDA.