Photovoice: Hydropower: Voices from communities

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VOICES From mm


Preface Photovoices “Hydropower – Voices from Communities” is the reflection from the communities affected by the hydropower projects in the SrePok river, the Vu Gia - Thu Bon river, Sekong River and Long Dai River in the Central Region – Highlands of Vietnam. The Centre for Social Research and Development (CSRD) worked together with the community to develop this collection of photovoices. These community voices reflect the impact on the environment and society of hydropower projects in the region. For completing these Photovoices we would like to thank the communities affected inthe four provinces of Quang Binh, ThuaThien Hue, Quang Nam and DakLak who have worked with us throughout the implementation process. We also would like to express our since are thanks to the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung Institute (RLS) and other partners of CSRD who helped with this project.

Best Regard!

Director CSRD Ms Lam Thi Thu Suu



Communities affected in Ben Van (ThuaThien Hue province)


Communities affected in Duong Hoa (ThuaThien Hue province)


Communities affected in A Luoi (ThuaThien Hue province)


Communities affected in Nuoc Lang (Quang Nam province)


Communities affected in Dai Hong (Quang Nam province)


Communities affected in Thon 2 (Quang Nam province)


Communities affected in Ea Tung village (DakLak province)


Communities affected in BuonDrai (DakLak province)


Communities affected in Quang Binh province



Communities affected in Ben Van

Research group for indigenous knowledge (RGIK) in Ban Van (ThuaThien Hue province). Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD 1

To serve hydropower plants - Ta Trach Irrigation in Duong Hoa commune, HuongThuy town, Thua Thien Hue province, 224 households were relocated for resettlement at the Ben Van, Loc Bon commune, Phu Loc District, ThuaThien Hue province in July 2004. After over 10 years of relocation, most of the households here have said that their new home life is more difficult than in the old place, in particular the issue of livelihood and the environment.



“Since the hydrodams, valuable fish species such as Chinh output fell 90 percent, Lau decreased 90 percent, Sao decreased 90 percent and somespecies Photo: PhanThi Qua

disappeared such as Bin, Bop." 3

Before, we depend on fisheries

resources from the Ta Trach River.

Now very few people participated in fishing in the river due to the

decline of fisheries resources. Photo: Tran Kim Cuong


The granting of forest land to households

has not beenfully implemented. After

nearly 12 years of relocation resettlement 53 households were only be granted 50 percent of the land due to them.

Soil quality is very bad with stonesandis only suitable for planting acacia trees, melaleuca and mint. People’s lack of productive land forces them to return to production on their old land in the hydropower reservoir.

"We know that is not viableand we will also bear alot of

risk planting Acacia

here.But we have no choice other land area granted is not sufficient to ensure the family economy"



Photo: Dang DuyBuu 6

reduced more than before. The number of cows reduced 65 percent, herd reduced 90 percent by lack of land. Since the relocation to new resettlement areas stock breeding activities are

Photo: Dang DuyBuu


At the new location, irrigation water for the cultivated area is

difficult. Eventhough an expensive

water-pump system was installed here.

“This irrigational work was built up but it does not work. The local people have difficulty to source water for cultivation. We have to spend our own money to get water to the agriculture production place…”.

Photo: Dang DuyBuu


“We heard that if we move to a new place to live, the infrastructure will be already invested. When we arrived, the infrastructure was better than our past placebut some aspects do not work. The source of water is important but the pumping system as well as the irrigational system

cannot run�.

We only plant a few kinds of vegetables and cannot grow rice because of the impoverished soil and the lack of water supply.

Photo: Dang DuyBuu


The ditch water and pollution caused the fish stock to deplete. In addition, the waste in the bottom of the lake

is not cleared, this effects badly on using fishing tackle.

Photo: Tran Kim Cuong 10

“At the new hamlet, we have a house of culture, a kinder garten, a primary school and secondary school. And the attendance rate of high school children is also


Photo: RGIK in Ben Van 11

lacks equipment and is missing The medical clinic

health staff.

“We want the medical clinicto be able to diagnose and treat diseases for people in all times. If not, the local authority could provide a Photo: RGIK in Ben Van

medicinal garden.�. 12

Communities affected in Duong Hoa

Research group for indigenuos knowledge in Duong Hoa commune (ThuaThien Hue province). Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD 13

Some of community affected by hydropower dams living at Buong Tam, Ho, Ha, Thanh Van village and resettlement sites of Khe Song in Duong Hoa commune, Huong Thuy town. All of these are located downstream from Ta Trach. Since the Ta Trach construction, life of the people in Duong Hoa commune has changed. The prominent issues here are the lack of productive land, lack of water production, living and livelihoods.

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Ta Trach Reservoir formally began construction on

November 26th 2005. The total basin

area is 717km2.

Ta Trach Dam construction has left more than 1,000 people relocated to resettlement areas in HuongTra town, Huong Thuy town and Phu Loc district. But after years of relocation lives of the people are stillfacing many difficulties.

Photo: Le VanThanh 15

Farmland soil is barren, less fertile because of silt. We must switch to planting Acacia trees instead of the food crops necessary.

Photo: Le Van Thanh 16

Before, source water from the wells is very safe and clean. But from 2010 my family is always short of water to use.Three homes together share a well, Wehave to wait our turn to pump water."

Ms Nguyen Thi Hoa well was deepened 16 meters but in the dry season, her family was left

without enough water. Photo: RGIK in Duong Hoa


River water is opaque and

smelly and can’t be pumped directly up to use. We must diga

well next to river to filter the water.

Photo: RGIK in Duong Hoa


River water is much more dirty!!!

Photo: Le Van Thanh

People bathing in the river suffer from skin problems such as itching, scabies, sores,... these often appear after bathing.


Livestock operations have reduced both the number of livestock and poultry as well as overall farming households. The number of buffalo from 1,500 animals

has dropped

to 250 animals,

cowsare down from1,000 to only 350 animals.

Lack of

food sources for cattle and poultry and thegrazing area has shrunk.

Photo: Le Van Thanh 20

Fish live in clean water.Thewater flow has failed leaving standing, stagnant water in the reservoir. Many fish species have

declined and even disappeared.

A reservoir is broad and deep, people have fishing gear that is not suitable for deep water so people just catch small fish with low value and the yields are very little.

Photo: Le Van Thanh 21

There are 40 species with

high value such as Lau, Leo,

Chinh, Xanh, Hanh, ... that were living in the river before now these have declined or are no longer living in the waters.

There are 14 species almost disappeared completely, eightspecies with declining numbers of more than 90 per cent, seven, less valuable species have increased including Gay, Diec, Loc, Ro Phi ... due to the building of lakes and Ta Trach dam. Photo: RGIK in Duong Hoa 22

Ms Chi and Mr My are fishers for over

40 years on the Ta Trachriver.

“Before, fishing is very easy, we usually catch a lot of fish species with high value. However, now the fishing isvery much more difficult. Our boats can not go through the dam to fish on the other side. We should have been moved to live on our boats floating on the lake ... "

Photo: Le Van Thanh 23

ThanhTra trees, alocal specialtyfruit are

dying.The cause according the local people is that the

soil lacks moistureand there is a lack of water for the trees.

Photo: Le Van Thanh


Communities affected in A Luoi

Community representatives from A Luoi (ThuaThien Hue province).Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD 25

The A Luoi Hydropower dam, the largest hydroelectric project in Thua Thien Hue today, is built on the A Sap, a tributary of the Mekong River level 3, in A Luoi district, ThuaThien Hue province. Construction work influenced over 1.890ha under seven communes throughout the district affecting 1,381 households, mostly ethnic minorities. There are 205 households whose land was affected. Of these 106 households were given resettlement in the village Scales Shrimp, this was later split into two rural villages of A Sap and A Den. The 99 other households were relocated to alternative new accommodation. It has taken over threeyears to implement this resettlementand relocation. The lives of the people here is not yet stable. Issues related to compensation for damage and many new problems arise or people are forced to migrate elsewhere.

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haven’t enough

again to find a source food.”

food to eat and many people in the village continued migration Photo: Ho Van Tro 27

very poor, hot in the summer and wet in the winter. The design of homes is not suitable for the traditions and culture of the ethnic groups. Quality of the resettlement homes is

Photo: Group Social Environmental Impact and Assessment (SEIA) 28

“Everyday we have many boat trips like this. We have to travel by boat, if the boat is not available it takes all day to walk to the new farmland."

Photo: Ho Van Tro 29

Photo: A Viet Huy

The women take the main responsibility to ensure food security and food for the family. They have had to undertake more labor. The children aged 10-16 years old have to follow their parents to work and cannot continue education. 30

Building Hydropower dams has resulted in serious environmental degradation. Illegal logging takes place to exploit forests.

Photo: Ho Van Tro


I want to go to school.

Photo: A Viet Huy

I want to bathe in clean water.

I want to eat everyday.


Stones than more soil, planting

trees slow – growing!!!

33 Photo: Group SEIA

“Have canals but

Photo: Group SEIA

haven’t sourced the irrigation water…”.


Communities affected in Nuoc Lang

Research group for indigenous knowledge in Nuoc Lang (Quang Nam province). Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD 35

In 2007, Dak Mi 4 hydropower dam at Phuoc Son district, Quang Nam province has displaced 25 households for resettlement at Nuoc Lang village, PhuocXuan commune, Phuoc Son district. After more than seven years of the resettlement of villagers current residents face many difficulties, especially problems of livelihood. People are constantly calling for the support ofthe authorities to addresstheir difficulties. However, these requests for help have not been satisfactorily resolved.

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Nuoc Lang village settlement houses are “hot in the summer and wet in the winter�. And some of the civil equipment is

still not guaranteed to meet the daily needs of the people.

Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang


Each household’s rice farming area has decreased from 20 to 30 percent from their original homes. Soil is very stony and the crop

quality is very poor.

Rice season in 2013, people in Nuoc Lang village harvest only 1,5 bags per acre.

Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang


Land in their home



planted so more areas are vacant. Most of the people forced to buy food with money.

Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang


Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang

“We can not plant and haven’t money buy food to cook so all we caneat is Quang noodle.”Noodles are cheaper than rice but not so nutritious.


Care for the sick is also

difficult when people have to travel a long distance to

reach health care.

Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang


Many of the children in level 1 and 2

go to school but they must often learn in combined classes.

The children of pre-school age are not able to go to school so they stay home. This affects their own development. It also forces the adults to abandon their work to stay home with the children

Photo: Tran BaQuoc CSRD


Many jobs, the primary source of income for people, have not been maintained since they moved to the new location...

The lives of the people here aremainly based on forestryand nontimber forest products.

Rattan provides an income that people here still maintain.

Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang 43

Photo: RGIK in Nuoc Lang

At the old place agriculture broughta significant source of income for villagers, in addition to this is the provision of food and food for everyday life. However, when movedto thenew place the forests and cultivation of food was no longer possible. The mining area leftthe land barren, rocky and only fit for planting Acacia trees. 44

Communities affected in Dai Hong commune

The group for researchingindigenous knowledge in Dai Hongcommune. Photo: Thanh TamCSRD


Dong Phuoc villageand Duc Tinh village in Dai Hong commune, Dai Loc district, Quang Nam provincelocated downstream Vu Gia river. The main production activities of the people here is agriculture with main crops ofcassava, corn, beans, watermelon, rice and fishing. The main water supply for production is taken from the Vu Gia. From 2009 to now, the lives of the people here are more precariousdue to changes in the water flow regime of the Vu Gia River resulting from the construction of hydropower dams. The change of the water flow impact on the Vu Gia River has affected agricultural production, fishing, transport down the river, affected drinking water and the psychology of people. People have recommendations as well as requests to the authorities. However, the problem remains unresolved.

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Mai Duong tree growing in Dai Hong commune has encroached on the farmland of people after hydropower dam blocked water flows. Photo: Nguyen Thi Nga


The transverse boat trips were no longer appear on Vu Gia river. 120 boats are used to circulated on the river but now it is only less than 10 due to shallow flow, the water level was only 1 - 1.5 m, and in the rainy season, the boats can not operate

because they afraid of floodings. The waterway vehicles are no longer in operation so one of the people's incomes is decreased, particularly those who depend on water occupation are losing their main livelihood.

Before, my boats would often carry passengers and agricultural products.The lowest income of each trip was 800.000-900.000vnd but currently I make only 300.000vnd and sometimes not even that.

Photo: Pham Hat 48

Photo: Le Van Tam


Dong Phuoc and Duc Tinh villages had 50 households who were fishing. But since the hydropower dam blocked the flow, households fishing on the river

plummeted because of declining fish

production. “Now, Fishing on Vu Gia river is very difficult and often there are no fish.�.


Sandaffectedfields farmershave to


add 30%

morefertilizer and irrigation water but productivity remains low. Many fields have been abandoned.

Photo: RGIK in Dai Hong 51

From 2006 to 2010 there were 2ha area of residential land at Dau Dom village which are now eroded causing 30 households to be displaced. 80 hectares of land was sandy alluvial production and affected 160 households.

Land erosion and damaged land sites in two riverside areas downstream are key issues from the hydropower dam.

Photo: RGIK in Dai Hong

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Lack of information about flooding, the people panic, worried.

The people said the dam breaks

Tidy up quickly… The water is up now.

Let go, our property…. too late.

Let’s go every body…!


Photo: Tran Ba Quoc CSRD 54

Communities affected in Thon 2

Research group for indigenous knowledge in Thon 2 Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD 55

The building of the Dak Mi 4C hydropower dam forced 41 households to be displaced to rural resettlement areas 2, Phuoc Hoa commune, Phuoc Son district, Quang Nam province. This new place forpeople was located on a hill about 2kms from the hydropower reservoir. People in resettlement area 2 are mainly ethnic Moong (also called Gie Trieng). The lives of the people here are based on agricultural activities with a rural poverty rate of 85 percent. After more than eight years of implementing the relocation and resettlement, now these people’slives are still facing many difficulties. Livelihoods are affected, as is the environment and living conditions.

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The previous living area of the people of Thon 2 is now submerged in a lake. Their new life is difficult and harder than before but authorities have not been interested in the villages and they have no support from stakeholders.

“We wish the authorities would

clean water

support for people in the village, facilitate additional agriculture production so that we can stabilize livelihoods and maintain a long life ".

Photo: Tran Ba Quoc CSRD


After resettlement and relocation to rural area 2, the area of gardens, farm land and housing landare reduced compared to their previous homes. Each household in the village 2 is granted


Soil is stoney and very poor quality. People can only plant fruit trees such as jackfruit, oranges and tangerines as well as lemongrass but most of these areslow growing and have low productivity.

including residential and garden land.

Photo: Tran BaQuoc CSRD


Houses ares ituated on a high hill, away from rivers and streams. Houses arehumid, summer and



wet in winter.

Photo: Tran BaQuoc CSRD


“Before the Dak Mi 4C hydropower dam, we caught fish in the water. The, water was not deep. Now there is deep water and



the tools


experience for fishing in deep waters ... "

Photo: RGIK in Thon 2



After hydropower blocked the water flow, poured in the way of people. Nowtravel to their agricultural land also required a change. Now, Thon 2 people’s needs force them to where cultivated moves on the small boat. Photo: Tran BaQuoc CSRD


Communities affected in Ea Tung village Ea Tung village, Ea Na commune, Krong Ana district, Dak Lak province. Although households were not displaced or resettled by the building of the Buon Kuop hydropower dam the people here still suffer the impact from the hydropower projects. The problem that people facerelates to loss of productive land, landslides andpollution, ...

Research group for indigenous knowledge Ea Tung village (DakLak).Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD 63

Although my home and garden’s

not displaced

but when hydropower dam storage is released it swamps my home and garden.

Photo: Le Van Quy


People are helpless to protect their property due to Photo: Le Van Trong

lack of

information about the dam’s storage and water discharge‌ 65

There were 11 affected households, although not displaced households, but their compensation was affected by the water storage of hydropower dam.

Photo: Le Van Trong



“Hydropower has yet to consider the country will be raised about

50m. My house was flooded in

waves from thewater release from hydropower. However, my family only received a part of land compensation, the remaining amouunt of money is still pending so my family cannot afford to move to another place. "

Photo: Le Van Trong 68 68


Before hydropower, in rural areas there were between 100 neighbors with 4 hectares, which equaled 140 hectares of rice, 10-20 percent of households grew rice. Each 1,000m2 cultivated yields 8-9 quintals of rice. In addition to the harvesting the paddy field, the rice bran after milling wasalso an essential component for livestock. But now all this area was submerged in the reservoir and the rice-growing villages with neighborhood residents 4 Ea Tung were "terminated" under it. “Costs for family life have increased but we get nothing extra. Reduced pork and chicken because of less livestock because no rice bran. Also no land to grow grass. People have to be moved elsewhere. Hydropower, we have seen no benefits."

Photo: Le Van Trong

70 70

Animal corpes, packaging, bottles, plastic, chemicals and vegetable matterare found in theriver and on the banks.

Mr Duong says: “Sometimes there are corpses of pigs andpoultry that rot and decay creating maggot nests which land in the garden behind our house. Theresulting stench carries in the wind and we just cannot stand it. "

Photo: Nguyen Ba Duong


After six years ofthe Buon Kuop hydropower dam, both sides of the river running through the village of Ea Tung have expanded over 30 metres. But there are no

measures in place

to prevent

landsides. Photo: Nguyen Thi Thanh



“Before along the river in village, we haven't seen Mimosa trees. But since the hydropower dam,


Mimosa treesare growing everywhere.�

Photo: Vo TaChien 74


Fish sources when hydropower dams arebuilt. People are forced to work other jobs such as growing mushrooms or work for wagesin industrial areas in other provinces orcities.

Le Van Trong family’s (thorp 4) have three fishing nets, each net as a wide range of 500m2 but each day of fishing he caught only3 to 4kg of son, sac,‌which made food for 3.000 snakeheads raised in ponds..

Photo: Cao Xuan Du 75 75


“Water sources are


as in this photo. This wateris very harmful to people's health. In this village there are many intestinal illnesses. Children often have intestinal diseases .�

Photo: Le Van Trong 77

The road leading to hamlet 4, Ea Tung villageis

less than 1.5 kilometers. When it rains

the soil ramps up and the road becomes muddy and slippery making walking very difficult. This is the inter-village road so people are forced to regularly use this road.

78 Photo: Vo TaChien

Communities affected in Buon Drai

Research group for indigenous knowledge in BuonDrai (DakLak).Photo Thanh Tam CSRD 79

In 2008, to conduct the clearance of the hydroelectric reservoir area Commercial Kuop, Krong Ana district People's Committee issued Decision No. 880 / QD-Committee dated 02/6/2008 on the allocation and issue of certificates of land use rights for households and individuals for resettlement, settled in BuonDrai, Ea Na. 111 Households and individuals were assigned land of which 14 newly re-farming households were resettled, ina total area of 566.483 m2. People were mainly ethnic E-de, a few wereethnic Kinh and Gia Rai. The lives of the people of BuonDrai after nearly eight years of resettlement are still facing many difficulties due to the livelihoods and the environment and living conditions that have been changed. 80


Most people agree that with the village area of arable




five perches / cannot feed their families.

This led to many households in the village havingto go to the other side of the river, encroaching on Krong No district in DakNong province for their farming.


go back and forth on the river by People are concerned because they have to

small boat without any protective equipment. "We're worried, but if we do not cultivate over the river we have nothingto eat. Every piece of land around is too narrow to grow crops. We are going to die of hunger. " Photo: Y Hai Kbuor


Growing rice along the river bank carries huge

risks because water levels, controlled by

the dam, continuously change with out following any pattern.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor


Beside their schooling, two sisters, H-Rich, aged 13 years and H-Trang aged 12 years, must work to help their parents. Their parents are one of many households in the village that have to cultivate the area of Krong No, DakNong. The work that these two small childrendo to help their parents isweeding and harvesting beans.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor 84

Two acres of the coffee plantation area of Mr Y Muih Knul has three metres of waterfront but despite three years of cultivation production is still

very low and fruitless. The coffee area close to

the river bank has water year round. In the dry season the water reaches from 15-30m deep, but during the rainy season the water will penetrate deeper than 50m. Despite the cost of care and increase the amount of fertilizer productivity remains low (<50%). Some of the people of this area have removed coffee trees to cultivate other crops (beans or corn)

“Wetland area larger than the area to be compensated.�

Photo: Y HaiKbuor


“Hydropower holds water. Water not flowing creates stagnant Photo: Y Hai Kbuor

polluted water�. 86

Trash such asbottles, chemicals, vegetable matter, dead cattle and poultry,…polluting water sources and creating


Photo: Y HaiKbuor 87

Must shower and bathe but I am itching.

People say that

15 minutes

is insufficient time to notify beforethe hydropower dam flood

discharges. Notification of water release from the dam must come to the people on time. Photo: Y Hai Kbuor 88

The house well of Y ThuonNie,

has bad smell. Water sources from these wells can only be

used for bath and washing. As for water drinking, the people have to buy water.

Children in Mr Y Thuon houseare jaundiced, slow growing, small and often suffer from intestinal diseases.

Photo: Y MuihKnul 89

In 2009, 96 people were displaced and 14 households were resettled “Before, we were

not missing anything, but now it is different. Farmland is less, resettlement houses are cramped we can’t buy land to build a house aswehaven’t money to buy land and anyway here the land is all gone. If we went elsewhere it would be very far if go to our farmland.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor 90

The home doorway was damaged by poor quality building

after only two years use.

“They gave us the model home but frankly at time we didn’t imagine the house would look like it did after relocation and what problems would arise later”.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor


Structures that

Photo: Y-MreHDok

cannot be used.


Mr Pham QuangThanh works to prepare coffee tree planting beds for households. He says“In the old place, I

didn’t dothis work because my house had a large farming area. But here, I have only

five acres of land, “I don’t earn enough wagesto live”.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor 93

This house has

deteriorated by flooding and rising damp but people continue to live here.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor 94

“wells without

Mr Y-MHdok’s well isone of fourteen resettled households suffering from

water”. This is even though wells were deepened from 18 metresto 20 metres. Photo: Y MuihKnul


The family of Mr Y Linh Adrong and Ms Hlong Nie


must to another place after the hydropower dam land acquisition.

The main job providing income to cover the families life depends on hand

made baskets. Photo: Y HaiKbuor


Children go fishing to increase

sources of foodfor their family to improve their

poor diet.

Photo: Y HaiKbuor


After the hydropower dam, the


Xruoi waterfall of the Buon was the source of domestic water

for the community but now has become discolored all year. Photo: Y HaiKbuor


Communities affected in QuangBinh province

Community representatives in QuangBinh province.Photo: Thanh Tam CSRD


Long Dai River is one of two main lines of the Nhat Le River. The 96 km river flows through the territory of six communes Kim Thuy, Lam Thuy, Truong Son, Truong Xuan, Ham Ninh and Hien Ninh. This was the source of water for irrigation and transportation and tourism opportunities as well as providing cultural and spiritual benefits.

The planning decision approved the planning of hydropower development, with six hydropower projects on Long Dai River with a total installed capacity is 32,9MW. However, according to the study report, the hydropower project on Long Dai River proved in consistent and conflicted with local natural conditions.

100 100

Photo: Nguyen Van Trang 101

Truong Son is a large commune area in2/3 ofthe QuangNinh district. The Long Dai River flows through the commune and ontwo side are majestic hills. Residents are concentrated along both sides of the river.

Every year, when flooding occurs, besides the damage, floods also bringabout the major alluvial resource that provide nutrients for the fertile plains. These natural growing conditions are


to the people of these mountainous communes.

102 102

"Hydropower will lose what rivers are and we are the first peoplethat do not want that to happen. We want to

protect the rivers in the same way that the rivers protect our own lives." Photo: Nguyen Van Dan 103

Rivers of our childhood fresh water and pure for the Lam Thuy people. These are precious gifts that

nature bestowed on us.

Photo: Nguyen Van Dan 104


If hydropower projects are constructed in this region we will lose the habitat of a large community of ethnic minority people here, it will inundate large land areas and disrupt the ecological landscape.

People’s lives and livelihoods are tied to this river.

Photo: Nguyen Van Dan



Fisheries are good resources forpeople. We survive through this resource. Please do not block the path of fish and shrimp!!!

Photo: Nguyen Van Trang






laws of nature. Photo: Nguyen Hung Cuong


Instead of investing in hydropower, Vietnam should focus on such as wind power, solar power,…

“We see the


other energysources

caused by hydropower

projects built in Quang Nam and we don’t wish to have problems like that."

Photo: Nguyen Hung Cuong 109





Creating resilient communities 2/33 Nguyen Truong To, Hue city, Viet Nam Email: Telephone: +8454.3837714 Web:


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