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Annual Report 2018-19

Introduction from the Executive Director People, place and policy Sustainability and the environment Health, technology and society National security Connecting: Policy Fellowships Convening Professional Development Governance Financial report and team Policy Fellows


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from the Executive Director

Dr Robert Doubleday

It’s a damp afternoon in

With the benefit of hindsight, the formula looks staggeringly

CSaP’s first year. The Centre

simple. Identify the decision-makers in the policy world who

– the University of

are grappling with the profoundest problems in society, the

Cambridge’s latest attempt

economy and our fast-changing world. Connect them with

to ensure that the results of

the network of academics whose research can illuminate the

its world-class research are

evidence and create the conditions for policy makers and

contributing to the work of

academics to learn from each other. Foster relationships

Government – is visited by a

built on mutual understanding, respect and trust. Convene

Cabinet Office Minister. He

them in “safe spaces” where they can talk openly about

arrives up two flights of typically uneven Cambridge stairs,

what is known (and still to-be-discovered). Support the

preceded by staff muttering about timetables. “So,” he asks –

continuation of the discussions that are the most thought-

“this new CSaP thing – what is it for? You’ve got ten minutes.”


Ten years after that conversation took place, it may still be

Meanwhile: develop the skills of explaining, listening and

too early to say. A week may be a long time in politics, but

understanding across the different worlds to those who will

ten years is still a short time in research or the historical

carry on these discussions into the next ten years, and the

cycles of government. However, it isn’t too soon to

next, and the next. Experts who take part in CSaP’s

recognise that an answer is emerging.

programmes invariably say that they learn as much or more from the encounters as the policy makers posing the

In 2009, we simply didn’t know that dozens of senior policy


makers would compete each term to be elected to our Fellowships, knocking on the University’s door to ask the

Finally: apply the formula to issues that matter – industrial

academics the questions that were most exercising them.

strategy, sustainability, healthcare, national security,

We didn’t know that the academics, in turn, would be

development, digital policy, social cohesion, climate

warmly giving of their time, engaging with the people from

change, the constitutional order of the UK, and so on. And

this other world with open intellectual curiosity. We didn’t

extend the networks of policy makers beyond the UK civil

know that over ten years, ten thousand discussions would

service to other sectors and parts of the world, and extend

have taken place that simply wouldn’t have happened if not

the network of experts beyond Cambridge to other

for CSaP.

universities and beyond.

Back to 2009. A dozen people are leaving CSaP’s first Policy

“What do you think, Minister?”

Workshop, which brought environmental policy officials from Defra together with academics working on conservation, in

Welcome to CSaP’s tenth anniversary Annual Report,

order to discuss something called “ecosystems services”.

setting out what we have done in academic year 2018-

As he leaves, Defra’s Chief Economist says “we’re going to

2019. And join us as we start the next ten.

think about all that differently from now on”. If butterflies can cause tornados, who knows what role that one moment of change played – but today’s debate about biodiversity loss looks very much like changed thinking.


People, place & policy Place-based policy making, both great and small, has been a major focus for CSaP this year. We collaborated with Whitehall’s Cities & Local Growth Unit and Cambridge’s Bennett Institute for Public Policy on the development of place-based industrial strategies, and with Grow Wild and the London Borough of Dagenham & Barking on how small green spaces could be used to benefit communities. This thread culminated in a lecture by Policy Leaders Fellow Philip Rycroft at our Annual Conference in June 2019.


Reaping the benefits of small urban green spaces

Place-based policy making beyond Brexit

Green space is known to be an important

Despite being a relatively small and densely

contributor to quality of life in urban

populated nation, the UK has huge geographical

environments, and a lot of work has been done to

diversity and disparities in productivity. This

understand how larger green spaces can be best

presents many challenges and opportunities for

used for social, health and environmental

the design of place-based industrial strategies.

benefits. But smaller green spaces – such as verges, small greens and other interstitial spaces

Working in collaboration with the Bennett Institute for

– are also a valuable, and often underrated,

Public Policy at Cambridge, CSaP organised a series of

aspect of the urban environment.

four workshops for the Cities and Local Growth Unit. Academics, policy makers and practitioners shared

A CSaP Policy Workshop organised in collaboration

insights on the development of place-based strategies.

with the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and Grow Wild brought together practitioners, residents,

The UK’s industrial strategy sets out a number of core

academics and local government officials to discuss

foundations of productivity: ideas, people, infrastructure,

the best uses of urban green space. These spaces are

business environment… and place. Many challenges

intermingled with the places where people live and work,

arise from addressing these in relation to regional

making them immediately accessible and a visible part

economic growth, innovation policy, and research and

of everyday life. Despite this, they are frequently

development; not the least of these is the question of

overlooked and at risk of being lost to development.

what ‘place’ actually means in the context of developing industrial strategies, whether national or local.

By examining a number of case studies, participants at the workshop looked in detail at the benefits and

Using case study examples, this series of workshops

challenges associated with different types of “green

explored how economic development and resilience

pocket” interventions. They found that because most

could be bolstered in different kinds of places. The

interventions involved the growing of plants – and

studies illustrated how long-term, sustainable and

hence required significant on-going care and

inclusive economic growth relies on highly

maintenance – community engagement was key to

interdisciplinary working across government

their success.

departments, between central and devolved government powers, and across public, private and

By effectively including residents from the very start of

academic actors.

the process – encouraging them to think about the needs of their area, and empowering them to take

Where this level of collaboration has been achieved,

ownership of their small green spaces – local authorities

national strategies have been successful in supporting

can simultaneously build community cohesion whilst

industrial growth across the UK – notably in the

also delivering wellbeing and ecological benefits.

development of internationally competitive financial, pharmaceutical and creative industries. However, the workshops also considered the need for inter-regional (alongside international) competitiveness, and highlighted how good strategies must embrace the nuances of local places and can only be successfully implemented through strong, cross-sectoral partnerships.



Clare Moriarty

CSaP’s value lies in creating time and

application of intellect, the civil service

Permanent Secretary,

opening up spaces for individuals with

needs to solve problems by connecting

Department for Exiting the

different areas of expertise to come

people, building relationships, and

European Union

together. It facilitates opportunities to

creating opportunities for people who

build networks and connections across

think differently to reframe the problem

disciplines, while challenging us to

and contribute their rich expertise.

consider that the world isn’t necessarily the shape we think it is.

The challenges and opportunities presented by exiting the European

I have been part of the Policy Leaders

Union have placed pressure on

Fellowship since the beginning, and the

departments to develop new

programme has facilitated open,

capabilities rapidly, causing influxes of

rewarding and enriching discussions

new employees and culture shifts. I want

which I continue to refer to. It has the

DExEU to make engagement in the civil

sensitivity to foster a basic common

service shorthand for sharing things,

understanding of wide-ranging topics,

and to build both developmental and

creating a solid foundation from which I

policy objectives into every situation.

can delve deeper into questions of policy implications.

We are facing change on a scale we have never seen before, creating a

Participating in CSaP roundtables has

challenging work environment defined

made it clear to me that we need to talk

by uncertainty. However, public policy

to academics early in the policy

always works better – and the delivery of

process. We need policy makers and

services works better – when done in

academics to discuss broad challenges,

collaboration with the outside world. My

from which a set of questions can arise.

watchwords are ‘open’, ‘value’, and

That is how ideas get furthered and

‘connected’. Openness is the distilling

knowledge gets generated – through

principle I constantly come back to as I

conversation. Instead of seeing

work to make change happen.

problem-solving as solely about the

“For me, connecting things together will always give you access to a wider range of solutions than anyone could get in their own minds, no matter how fantastically brilliant they are.” 4


Sustainability and the environment As part of our ongoing focus on sustainability and the environment, we hosted a series of workshops with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), and a panel discussion at our Annual Conference, on air quality, environmental policy, and local land management. And the question of how we reduce demand for illegal wildlife products brought together researchers across a range of disciplines with stakeholders from Defra, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the wildlife trade monitoring network TRAFFIC, and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).


How can environmental policy be locally appropriate, empowering and deliverable?

How can we reduce demand for products of the illegal wildlife trade?

In 2018, the government launched its 25-year

The Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) is estimated to be

Environment Plan, which included outline

worth up to £17 billion per year worldwide. The

proposals for a new system of environmental land

UK is both an important transit and destination

management (ELM), nature recovery networks,

country for this trade, and the government has

and a new principle of “environmental net gain”.

made a clear commitment to tackling it. In April

The new system will come into effect after the UK

2018, for example, the UK introduced a ban on

leaves the European Union and the Common

ivory sales, set to be one of the toughest in the

Agricultural Policy.


ELM’s objectives are to deliver improved air, water and

CSaP hosted a two-day Policy Workshop in

soil quality, increased biodiversity, climate change

collaboration with the Foreign and Commonwealth

mitigation, and cultural benefits – as well as better

Office and the wildlife trade monitoring network

protecting the historic environment. The system will pay

TRAFFIC, bringing together key stakeholders to

for the provision of environmental public goods in lieu of

explore how behavioural insights research can help

a market.

reduce the demand for the products of IWT.

CSaP worked with Defra to organise a series of three

Behavioural change and social marketing theories have

Policy Workshops exploring challenges in the design of

been used effectively in a variety of demand reduction

ELM. The workshops brought together policy makers,

campaigns in the UK and worldwide, in areas ranging

academics, practitioners and civil society organisations

from conservation to health and wellbeing. The

to explore what is needed for national environmental

workshop explored some of the opportunities and

policy to translate into change on the ground. As well

challenges of delivering campaigns of this kind to

as informing government decisions on the basis of a

reduce demand for IWT products.

wide range of relevant research, the purpose of the workshops was to identify areas that are in need of

Participants discussed the importance and difficulties

further development.

of targeting effective messages at particular groups of IWT consumers. They also considered the

A major recurring theme at these workshops was the

effectiveness of using role models and others with high

challenge of marrying local and national needs, in order

‘connectedness’ in social networks – such as the UK’s

to ensure that national policy is locally appropriate and

Royal Family – in demand-reduction initiatives.

deliverable. If it is to deliver the benefits which citizens want, both nationally and locally, there will need to be a

Interest in this area is growing rapidly, as illustrated by

new approach to how we value and price

the increasing profile of demand reductions in

environmental public goods.

international agreements. The challenge is to build on the policy momentum while developing the learning

Participants concluded that it was important to engage

capacity of the sector to improve and demonstrate the

and empower local actors in decision-making in order

effectiveness of interventions.

to reach sustainable solutions that could be implemented across the country in different communities.



Bhaskar Vira

My research focuses on political

I have also collaborated with CSaP on

Professor of Political Economy,

economy issues related to natural

large research grants to explore policy-

and Director of the Cambridge

capital, biodiversity and development

related activities. Currently, CSaP is

Conservation Research Institute

that have inherent policy implications.

involved in a Global Challenges Research Fund project: Transforming

Over the course of my twenty years in

India’s Green Revolution for Research

Cambridge, the landscape has evolved

and Empowerment for Sustainable food

significantly. Impact has more recently

Supplies (TIGR2ESS).

become an important part of the agenda, so projects are required to

We wanted to draw on as much of the

consider policy engagement strategies

Cambridge network and assets as

from their inception. Some of my

possible for this ambitious work, and

projects involve key stakeholders at the

CSaP was integral to this mission.

local level, while others, such as global reviews, target the United Nations.

Reflecting on these opportunities to spend time with people whose full-time

Meeting CSaP Policy Fellows and

jobs are formulating and implementing

attending Policy Workshops has given

policy, I have learned both about the

me access to a network that is not

constraints under which they operate,

usually available to academics. It is very

and how to package your message in a

difficult to break the barriers between

way that engages them and enables

academic and policy circles, but CSaP

them to respond.

brokers these relationships by ensuring trust and credibility. Fellows feel it is a

Gaining this understanding of, and

safe space, and academics feel it is

empathy for, the policy community

worth investing their time. For example,

through CSaP has improved my

a meeting with the Chief Economist at

approach to independent policy

Defra, led ultimately to me joining the


Department’s economic advisory panel.

“Meeting CSaP Policy Fellows and attending policy workshops has given me access to a network that is not usually available to academics.” 8

Health, technology and society Working with our Policy Fellows at the Care Quality Commission (CQC) and NHS England – and partnering with Nesta and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre in Cambridge – CSaP organised two workshops to explore emerging technologies and their implications for both health care and social care. Both discussions underlined the fact that this isn’t just about the technology – it’s just as important to understand human factors.



What are the implications of new imaging technologies for health and social care?

How can emerging technologies support and improve social care in the UK?

Medical imaging technologies are advancing at

Over the next 25 years, the proportion of people in

an unprecedented rate, providing a challenge for

the UK aged 85 and over is expected to double. As

the NHS to keep up to date with the latest

the older population continues to grow, there are


opportunities for new and emerging technologies to empower people to look after their own health

CSaP’s workshop convened Policy Fellows from the

and support independence – and to make it easier

NHS and Care Quality Commission together with

for family and friends to combine caring with

experts fom the Cambridge Biomedical Research

other responsibilities.

Centre. Discussions at the workshop focused on recent improvements in imaging technologies and the

CSaP’s workshops brought together care-sector

effect of introducing these technologies into current

experts, senior policy makers, practitioners and

workflows, as well as the potential barriers to adoption.

academics to share insights into the steps that need to be taken to speed up the development, evaluation, and

For example, the potential of artificial intelligence to

uptake of effective health and social care technologies.

provide a step change in our ability to interpret images (such as MRI scans) was considered alongside the

Discussions focused on emerging technologies and

need for the trust and accountability that an expert

their potential to improve social care in the UK, as well

radiologist provides.

as some of the challenges they present – such as adoption spread, procurement shortfalls, workforce

Delegates at the workshop also considered the

turnover and skills, and issues around privacy and

potential benefits of integrating information from a


range of sources, such as genetic data and clinical history, with state-of-the-art imaging techniques, and

Despite the many barriers to utilising technologies for

the ways in which this could help mitigate the risk of

social care, regulators, providers, technologists and

'over imaging'.

users are increasingly collaborating in the search for solutions. Digital, data, and devices present the

The importance of patient consent when introducing

greatest technological opportunities, and many

new technologies was also emphasised. Different types

platforms are emerging that capitalise on all three.

of consent are necessary for screening (with a very

Such integration allows for improved deployment of the

large patient group and the likelihood of false positives),

workforce, investment in frontline care workers, better

as opposed to more targeted care (with a more

alignment and collaboration of stakeholders, and

focused patient group who have a particular interest in

avoidance of unnecessary hospital admissions.

the new technology being introduced). In the future, patients could own their personal medical history and become more active partners in the care they receive.



Malte Gerhold

The nature of my role at CQC requires

The main impact of the Fellowship has

Executive Director of Strategy

me to balance both the technical and

been to change my mindset – which

& Intelligence,

philosophical aspects of implementing

should not be underestimated – and

Care Quality Commission (CQC)

new strategies in healthcare: from

help pave the way for future

introducing new technologies to


understanding what good leadership looks like. Through CSaP’s Policy

I am still actively trying to shorten the

Fellowship programme, I was able to

gap between academia and the public

discuss these aspects of my work with

sector with the aim of having practical

experts at Cambridge University, and I

outcomes to the meetings and

continue to work with the academic

generating change. I have discussed

community to further my own work and

some strategies to bring the academic

that of CQC.

and public sector world together, including organising weekly visits of

I have been able to capitalise on many of

researchers to CQC, or our analysts

the conversations facilitated by CSaP by

visiting Cambridge.

organising follow up group discussions with the academics I met, attending

One challenge involved with these

seminars, and commissioning and

strategies is how to communicate and

participating in CSaP Policy Workshops.

measure their value. A similar challenge is defining the value of certain practices

I believe that to get the most out of the

at CSaP. But I think that is why the

Fellowship, you need to go into these

centre is so valuable.

meetings with an open mind and try to take away as much as possible. When you have these conversations, it isn’t always obvious what the outcome will be. Often, the most interesting conversations happen with those who know very little of what I do.

“The thing I found most intellectually valuable was the opportunity to have a series of conversations and exchanges that, in the natural course of my work, would not have happened.” 12


National security CSaP worked with the Defence, Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) to organise two workshops and a session at our Annual Conference on the challenges posed by new and emerging technologies for national security. And a roundtable discussion held in Cambridge with policy officials from the Cabinet Office focused on how government could capitalise upon digital and Artificial Intelligence, and emerging biological technologies, whilst simultaneously protecting the privacy and security of citizens both nationally and internationally.


What challenges and opportunities exist for quantum technologies in the UK?

What are the risks and benefits of emerging technologies for national security?

The continually evolving technological landscape –

Emerging technologies in the automation and

reflected, for example, in the UK’s announcement

digital sectors are transforming how we live and

that it will extend the National Quantum

work. Many global summits, both G7s and G20s,

Technologies Programme into a second phase with

have grappled with elements of these

an extra £315m of funding for 2019-24 – has

transformations – through, for example, themes on

implications for every sector, not least for defence

the future of work, big data and the impact of AI on

and national security.

an ageing society.

CSaP convened a roundtable discussion which brought

Such summits have also focused on preventing terrorist

together leading quantum scientists, those involved in the

use of the internet; the role technology can play in tackling

nascent quantum technologies industry, and defence

corruption, economic crime and money laundering; and

experts, to assess this landscape and to discuss the

the opportunities which “leapfrog” technologies offer for

steps that need to be taken to mitigate risks, whilst

development in the poorest countries.

retaining the wider societal benefits, of these new technologies.

Given the complexities of these subjects, progress has been limited. At the international level, there has been a

As well as the technical aspects of new quantum

lack of focussed commitment to tackle these problems,

technologies, attendees considered some of the relevant

and there is no great coherence across themes. At the

wider issues, including how to anticipate and address the

same time, technological change is accelerating.

ethical questions which will be raised. In this context, CSaP organised a roundtable discussion Strategic planning in these areas is complicated by

for the Cabinet Office to explore the technologies – in

uncertainty about the timescale over which these

particular, artificial intelligence and other digital

technologies will become available. Timescales vary

technologies – where academics perceive a need for

widely depending on the particular quantum technology

global coordination and frameworks in order to maximise

in question, from quantum communication devices which

the benefits and minimise the costs.

are available for purchase today (albeit expensive and bulky) to a universal, fault-tolerant quantum computer for

Given the UK’s global leadership in digital technologies,

which some experts estimate lead times of 10-20 years.

the Cabinet Office were keen to understand the UK's industrial "crown jewels". Discussion focussed on how

Another issue discussed was how poor communication

policy could be used to support and capitalise upon such

of quantum science can act as a barrier to innovation and

technologies, whilst simultaneously protecting the privacy

adoption. Labelling quantum science as ‘spooky’ or

and security of citizens both nationally and internationally.

‘incomprehensible’ can lead to an unwillingness to engage with, or even a suspicion of, the new

The roundtable demonstrated the power of open

technologies. A parallel was drawn with transistors and

conversations between government officials and

electronics (the science of which people understand to

academics, and provided an opportunity to reflect upon

the same extent as they do quantum) – but people are

complex topics, as well as to offer insights to help prepare

more willing to engage with these technologies. The

for upcoming inter-governmental summits.

search, therefore, must begin for the “David Attenborough of quantum technologies”.



Alice Hutchings

As Deputy Director of the Cambridge

Although cybercrime is a widely

Deputy-Director of the

Cybercrime Centre, my research

recognised issue, most policy makers

Cambridge Cybercrime Centre

focuses predominantly on offenders –

are not aware of the types of associated

how they get into cybercrime, why they

challenges. One reason for this is that

offend, what they get out of it, and how

offenders are hidden populations, and

to intervene and disrupt it.

there can be barriers when it comes to reporting cybercrime.

This field of research has inherent and significant policy implications: for

Other meetings have provided me with

instance, we are currently looking into

useful learning-points about how policy

the effects of various police interventions

is made, and pressing issues in

and whether they have reduced the

government relevant to my own

market for online criminal services.

research. I enjoy the opportunity to meet policy makers coming from different

When looking at specific types of

areas and raising difficult questions;

cybercrime, I often uncover interesting

these meetings never fail to spark a

policy issues. For example, my work on

mutual exchange of ideas.

airline ticketing fraud has highlighted international jurisdictional issues about

A workshop with Dr Tristram Riley-Smith

how police can respond speedily to

(Transnational Organised Crime) and

complaints of people travelling on

colleagues provided a similarly

tickets obtained fraudulently, and the

interesting experience of knowledge

issues that arise after they detain these

exchange. Allowing me to speak with a


wide range of participants about the data our Centre has made available,

One of the greatest challenges for

which will certainly be of use to some of

cybercrime research is access to good

them, the workshop also opened my

quality data, so our Centre collects data

eyes to relevant research others are

and makes them available to other

taking forward. Although we work closely

academic researchers. Through CSaP’s

with other academics and industry

programmes, I have been able to share

bodies, CSaP’s network has enabled me

this work with policy stakeholders.

to reach beyond the “usual suspects”.

“I have enjoyed the opportunity to meet policy makers from different areas raising difficult questions; these meetings never fail to spark a mutual exchange of ideas.” 16



Policy Fellowships Since the Policy Fellowship

Since its launch in 2011, the CSaP

This enables Fellows to return to the

programme launched in 2011,

Policy Fellowship programme has

University and tackle questions relating

360 Policy Fellows have benefited

pioneered a completely new process of

to new jobs (or new responsibilities

from 9,685 connections with 1,643

engagement between academics and

within their ongoing roles). There were

experts in CSaP’s network.

the policy world – officials in the UK

20 Continuing Fellows in 2018-19.

government, other public sector organisations, the devolved

Our Policy Leaders Fellowship,

administrations, local authorities,

founded in 2013, continues to welcome

industry, civil society organisations and

Permanent Secretaries and Directors

international bodies.

General to termly roundtable meetings and programmes of one-to-one

Feedback shows that CSaP has extended and enhanced academic reach, and enriched the public policy process. A survey of our Fellows in the last year shows that:

CSaP Policy Fellows spend an initial five

meetings in Cambridge. It is greatly

days visiting the University for one-to-

valued by the most senior policy makers

one meetings with researchers,

for creating a “safe space” to explore

organised to reflect their policy interests.

the most challenging policy issues with

They then pursue the questions that

leading experts.

they set for the two-year period of their



gained fresh perspectives on their current work

improved their network of contacts



gained a better understanding of what academia has to offer and how to access it

reported direct impacts on the policy-making process


Fellowship, also attending CSaP

CSaP also hosts International Policy

meetings in London and returning to

Fellows supported by the UKRI Global

Cambridge from time to time for further

Challenges Research Fund. In 2018, a

meetings and events.

group of seven Policy Fellows from the Middle East visited Cambridge and

CSaP has attracted Fellows to join this

London, to meet with researchers in the

unique professional development

Research for Health in Conflict project,

programme from a wide range of roles

as well as other experts and policy

and with diverse interests. Themes that

makers in the network. In 2019-20, we

have been prominent over the last few

will continue to organise programmes

years have included international trade,

for International Fellows as well as

the data economy, artificial intelligence,

working with affiliated university policy

climate change, energy policy and

institutes in the UK, to offer our Fellows

national security.

further academic expertise.

Some of the most active Fellows have joined the Continuing Fellowship after their original two-year engagement.

CSaP POLICY FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAMME 2018-19: Meetings between Policy Fellows and researchers




Dr Gemma Harper

I embarked on my CSaP experience to

Some of the academics that I met, I now

Deputy Director Marine,

strengthen the role of social science in

feel able to phone up for anything. They

Department for Environment,

government policy making. Along the

have been a source of advice to me

Food and Rural Affairs

way, I have met a wide variety of

during a period in which I have sought to

academic experts from a range of

build the role of social sciences in

disciplines and topics, all of whom

government and Defra, and at a time

brought something different to the

when marine issues have grown in

conversation and the CSaP experience.

prominence to become the ‘blue heart’ of environmental policy.

When you’re in government, there is always pressure to be reactive – while

The connections I have made through

as an evidence specialist, what I value is

CSaP have also been a springboard to

bringing analytical thinking to

other things. For example, David Good

government. CSaP offers the safe

connected me with the Royal College of

space and time to connect with a wide

Art, who helped me bring a valuable

range of thinkers who can come at the

design element to a Defra workshop.

problems we are tackling from different

The result was creative, insightful, and

perspectives, or think beyond them. It

brought something completely new to

has reminded me what a fantastic

our way of thinking.

academic community we have. CSaP offers a safe space for strategic The academics I have spoken with

thinking and for connecting a wider

through CSaP were extremely generous

variety of dots. I get value from that, and

with their time. They were frank, honest,

our institutions get value from having

supportive, and instructive. It was a

civil servants come back to Whitehall

warm and welcoming atmosphere in

from Cambridge with stories to share.

which to learn.

“When you connect with the academic world it really is oxygenating, you feel invigorated, because it exposes you to a whole other world out there that is thinking in different ways.”



Chris Wormald

The most valuable thing CSaP has

Government commitments around

Permanent Secretary,

offered me has been the opportunity to

research, particularly through UKRI,

Department for Health

get out of the departmental silo and the

have helped to bring research front and

and Social Care

chance to meet all sorts of genuinely

centre. CSaP, and the proliferation of

interesting people that I normally would

public policy programmes at British

not have the opportunity to have

universities, are examples of success

discussions with.

stories in this area. Nationally, however, there is still room for improvement. We

The things I find the most interesting are

need to develop stronger relationships

very frequently the furthest things from

with a greater diversity of universities

my day job. Roundtable discussions

across the country.

that stand out in my mind include quantum, genomics and genetics, and

CSaP provides a brilliant service. It has

the future of work. Breaking out of my

developed an interesting model for

silo gives me the opportunity to engage

building a different type of relationship

with interesting things that are going on

between policy making and academia. I

in the intellectual world, to have

would like to see the development of

conversations that leave me better

similar knowledge centres in other parts

informed, and then to think about how I

of the academic world aimed at different

might bring that back to my work.

parts of public life.

There has been a cultural shift over my time as a Permanent Secretary. People are having more conversations about what the research world can offer public policy advice. We have one of the best civil services in the world, and some of the best universities. Bringing together universities and policy makers is a key part of opening policy making to make service delivery public-centric.

“CSaP is about the advancement of knowledge, the dissemination of knowledge, and having interesting conversations.� 22


Convening CSaP supports researchers by

Services to research

looking forward to supporting more

drawing on a thriving network of

CSaP seeks to contribute to the

international policy engagement

Policy Fellows – and established

University of Cambridge’s academic

through these two grants and beyond.

ways of bringing together policy

community in a range of ways. We

professionals and academics –

regularly discuss the potential policy

Collaboration with other initiatives

to increase the policy impact of

implications of work with academics,

CSaP has also supported academic


speak at University events, and use our

colleagues through its involvement with

Policy Impact Network to connect

many initiatives and centres: the

University policy impact staff with Policy

Bennett Institute for Public Policy;

Fellows. We run Professional

CambPlants; Cambridge Big Data SRI

Development Workshops for early-

(Strategic Research Initiative);

career researchers, identify second-

Cambridge Global Challenges SRI;

ment opportunities, and help to write

Cambridge Global Food Security IRC

policy activities into research grants.

(Interdisciplinary Research Centre); Cambridge Infectious Diseases IRC;

Pathways to impact

Cambridge Public Health Strategic

CSaP works with academics to write

Research Network; Cambridge

meaningful policy engagement activities

University Science and Policy

– particularly workshops and

Exchange; Cardiovascular SRI; Centre

fellowships – into “Pathways to Impact”

for the Study of Existential Risk;

sections in grant applications. During

Economic and Social Research Council

the academic year 2018-19, CSaP was

Doctoral Training Partnership;

a part of successful bids ranging from

lgbtQ+@cam; Synthetic Biology IRC;

multilingualism to the circular plastic

Trust and Technology Initiative; and

economy; overall, since its foundation,

Universities Public Engagement

CSaP’s contribution to applications has

Network (UPEN).

helped bring in over £30 million in grant funding to academics.

Policy Workshops Our workshops and roundtable

Through the Global Challenges

discussions bring together policy

Research Fund, CSaP has been

professionals and academic experts to

involved in the ongoing Research for

address questions posed by our network,

Health in Conflict (R4HC) project, for

share new insights, and offer fresh

which we organised visits for Policy

approaches to tackling policy challenges.

Fellows from Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey


and Palestine. CSaP is also a part of the

This year we held 15 Policy Workshops

Transforming India's Green Revolution

on topics ranging from online

by Research and Empowerment for

manipulation, land management and

Sustainable food Supplies (TIGR2ESS)

strategies to reduce air pollution, to

project, for which we hosted a Policy

quantum technologies and place-based

Workshop in Cambridge. CSaP is

policy beyond Brexit.

address the major challenges of the Number of participants by event type in 2018/19

21st century through drawing more effectively on the best research, evidence and expertise. The Horn Fellows, who come with a background of success in the field of finance and a record of intellectual curiosity and commitment to scholarship, visited Cambridge in November 2018 for meetings with











Public Lectures and Seminars

Professional Development Workshops

Policy Workshops

Events for Policy Fellows

Events for Horn Fellows

leading academics on the subject of “good and bad decision making”. These meetings introduce the visitors to current research, and identify areas of common interest and opportunities for future collaboration.

Public lectures and seminars

was given by Professor K Vijay

CSaP works with its partners across

Raghavan, Principal Scientific Adviser

the University to deliver public lectures

to the Government of India, who spoke

Affiliate network

and seminars on some of the key policy

about the impact of science and

The CSaP Affiliate Network extends the

challenges affecting society. This year

technology on India’s economy and

reach of the Policy Fellowship to other

we partnered with Christ’s College, the


universities, and creates engagement between policy and leading

Bennett Institute for Public Policy, and the Winton Centre for Risk and

CSaP Annual Conference

researchers throughout the UK. It gives

Evidence Communication to deliver our

Our annual conference in June brought

CSaP Policy Fellows and alumni the

fifth series of climate seminars; a public

together 140 members of our network

opportunity to engage with researchers

policy lecture by Lord Richard Wilson

to discuss some of the challenges faced

beyond the University of Cambridge,

on “Is the British Civil Service an

by policy makers, and the research and

with an additional one or two days of

endangered species?”; and a lecture

emerging technologies that are helping

visits to UK universities.

by Ed Humpherson, Director General

to address these issues. Over the last year, ten Policy Fellows

for Regulation in the UK Statistics Authority, on how to stop bad data

Our partners this year included the

visited the Universities of Bath,

driving out the good.

Royal Society, the Centre for Existential

Manchester, and Southampton, and

Risk, the Leverhulme Centre for the

University College London. Beyond

Dr S T Lee Lectures

Future of Intelligence, and the Churchill

this, the Policy Fellowship programme

The S T Lee Public Policy lectures


often involves leading researchers at other universities, offering particular

consider aspects of scientific, medical or technological research and

Horn Fellows

expertise for individual Policy Fellows

developments that are likely to have

CSaP's Horn Fellowship is a group of

pursuing their questions through CSaP.

significant implications for public policy

supporters who are committed to our

over the next decade. The 2018 lecture

mission to help public policy making


Professional Development CSaP’s professional development

Services to Doctoral Training

Professional development

activities provide researchers and

CSaP’s Professional Development

for civil servants

policy professionals with the

Workshops provide an opportunity for

Our Professional Development

knowledge and skills needed to

early-career researchers and civil

programme doesn’t only benefit

translate research into policy.

servants to learn how academic experts

researchers; we also design and deliver

and policy makers can work together to

workshops for early-career civil

address the most challenging issues of


public policy. For example, we held two workshops Speakers are drawn from our network of

this year for the Department for

Policy Fellows, academics and other

Transport, and a workshop for the

experts, who come together to discuss

Government Science and Engineering

their real-life experiences of

Fast Streamers, where the civil servants

collaborating to address questions on

worked with early-career researchers on

climate, health, sustainability, place-

a range of questions relevant to their

based policy and much more. They also


offer tried-and-tested advice and guidance to researchers on how to

In addition, one of the fast streamers

engage with the policy making process.

was seconded to CSaP for six months to work on a project to develop a CSaP

This year we held workshops for the

forum on environmental strategies.

ESRC and NERC Doctoral Training Partnerships at Cambridge, and for life


sciences researchers at the Babraham

This year we recruited policy interns not

Institute. We also partnered with the

only from the University of Cambridge,

Office for Postdoctoral Affairs at

but also from Imperial College, the

Cambridge to deliver a workshop for the

University of Leeds, UCL and the

Borysiewicz Biosciences Fellowship,

University of Warwick through the UKRI

which helps researchers to focus on a

Policy Internships scheme.

range of global challenges in addition to their primary research.

As well as developing their communication, writing and event-

During 2018-19 we also delivered

management skills, our interns have

programmes for the Churchill

made a significant contribution to our

Scholarship and the Schmidt Science

work – from producing background


papers and reports for our workshops to interviewing Policy Fellows and writing news articles and case studies.


Scientific Leadership

Services to Education

In 2019-20, we will continue to design and

CSaP’s network provides a resource that

deliver bespoke activities for early-career

can also benefit students on Masters

researchers and civil servants to meet

programmes at the University of

their training and development needs.

Cambridge. We have been pleased to interact with two Masters courses in

In addition, we are working with the


Bennett Institute for Public Policy and Churchill College on a programme funded

For the MPhil in Technology Policy, CSaP

by the EPSRC Impact Acceleration

organised two Policy Fellows each term to

Account for mid-career and senior

speak at lunchtime sessions with

scientists who want to learn more about

students. A recent project was also

how they can provide “scientific

carried out by MPhil Technology Policy

leadership” in policy making. For example:

students for Florent Frederix (Principal Administrator of the Trust and Security

• how they can help ensure policy

Unit, Directorate General Connect,

decisions are based on the most up-to-

European Commission), suggesting ways

date information

to increase adoption of a new European

• how they can help innovation in policy by bringing a range of valuable external

Union cybersecurity certification framework.

viewpoints and fresh perspectives • how they can bring extra rigour to

This year, we also provided questions from

decisions, by asking and answering

Policy Fellows to Masters in Public Policy

difficult questions and challenging and

students, as the basis for carrying out

defending complex answers

Rapid Evidence Assessments as part of

• how they may also help bridge skills

their degree.

gaps in specialist analytical and data handling roles.

CSaP also supports the activities of Cambridge Judge Business School’s

The purpose of the programme is to help

Executive Education arm, which has

create a pipeline of scientific advisers in

delivered courses in leadership and

the engineering and physical sciences.

change management to senior policy makers from India for the last eight years. The course members value the opportunity to hear from their UK counterparts about personal and practical experiences of reform and the improvement of delivery; CSaP’s role is to identify relevant members of our network for these visits.


Governance CSaP’s Management Committee

Management Committee

reports to the University of Professor Dame Ottoline Leyser

Professor Richard Prager

Committee. The Advisory Council


Head of School, School of Technology

advises on CSaP’s strategy and

Director, Sainsbury Laboratory

activities, paying particular

Dr Robert Doubleday (Secretary)

Professor of Politics, Department of

attention to the views of

Executive Director, CSaP

Politics and International Studies

Cambridge’s Research Policy

Professor David Runciman

stakeholders. Professor Christoph Loch Director, Cambridge Judge Business School

Advisory Council Dame Fiona Reynolds (Chair)

Dr Geoff Mulgan

Master, Emmanuel College Cambridge

Chief Executive, Nesta

Professor Dame Carol Black

Professor Nick Pearce

Principal, Newnham College

Director, Institute for Policy Research,


University of Bath

Dr David Cleevely

Julia Unwin

Chair, Raspberry Pi Foundation

Chair, Independent Inquiry on the

Professor Diane Coyle Bennett Professor of Public Policy,

Dr Adrian Weller

University of Cambridge

Programme Director for AI,

Dr Claire Craig

Alan Turing Institute

Chief Science Policy Officer,

Lord David Willetts

Royal Society

Executive Chair, Resolution Foundation

Professor Dame Athene Donald

Lord Richard Wilson

Master, Churchill College

Cabinet Secretary (1998-2002)


Sir Chris Wormald

Professor Dame Ann Dowling

Permanent Secretary,

President, Royal Academy of

Department of Health and Social Care,


and Head of the Civil Service Policy

Clare Moriarty Permanent Secretary, Department for Exiting the European Union


Future of Civil Society



Year to 2019 The Centre for Science and Policy is

particular activities this year.

grateful to the University of Cambridge

During the Financial Year to 31 July

for a contribution from the Research

2019, 43% of CSaP’s income came

England Higher Education Innovation

from fees charged to Policy Fellows

Fund (HEIF); to Dr Charles F Kennel

and 20% came from the HEIF

and Dr Ellen Lehman, and the Mikheev

contribution. The table below shows

Charitable Trust for their philanthropic

that CSaP finished the year with a

donations; and to all the organisations

surplus, as it has now done for three

that have sponsored or supported

consecutive financial years. FY 2017/2018 £

FY 2018/2019 £









Total funds brought forward as at 1 August



Total funds carried forward as at 31 July



Net income

CSaP Team Nicola Buckley Associate Director Policy Fellowships

Kate McNeil Communications Coordinator

Katie Cohen Research Assistant

Lauren Milden Policy Adviser

Robert Doubleday Executive Director

Jackie Ouchikh Head of Programmes

Su Ford Centre Coordinator Laura Hyde Events Coordinator

Erica Pramauro Policy Fellowships Coordinator

Alex Kell UKRI Policy Intern


Policy Fellows elected since 2009 The following pages list those elected to the Policy

Department for International Development:

Fellowship and Policy Leaders Fellowship since the

Lindy Cameron, Juliet Chua, Jasdeep Sandhu,

programmes began in 2011 and 2013 respectively.

Tom Wilkinson, Ellen Wratten

Affiliations shown are those which applied at the time of

Department for International Trade: Shachi Amdekar,

election to the Fellowship.

Louis Barson, Rosalind Campion, Paul Davison, Matthew Grainger, Fred Perry, Victor Platten, Crispin Simon


Department for Transport: Nick Bisson, Tricia Hayes,

10 Downing Street: Ivan Collister, Daniel Korski,

Jessica Matthew, Clare Moriarty, John Parkinson,

Christopher Lockwood, Tim Luke, Rohan Silva

Graham Pendlebury, Pauline Reeves, Amanda Rowlatt,

Cabinet Office: Beatrice Andrews, Ted Barry,

Philip Rutnam, Elliot Shaw

Laura Baynton, Natalie Black, Nigel Campbell,

Department for Work & Pensions: Jonathan Clear,

Rupert Cryer, Alice Dowswell, Euan Edwards,

Frank Davies, Jenny Dibden, Jonathan Mills, Jeremy Moore,

Mitchell Harris, Julie Harris, Will Harvey, Laura Haynes,

Sue Owen, Mark Swindells

Davina Henderson, Ciara Jevon, Charlotte Kume-Holland,

Department of Energy and Climate Change:

Fraser McArthur, Liz McKeown, Ewen McKinnon,

Ross Gribbin, Niall MacKenzie, Liz Owen, Phil Wynn Owen

Alexandra Meagher, Ross Neilson, Alice Newton,

Department of Health & Social Care: Mark Bale,

Sophie Odenthal, James Quinault, Hannah Rignell,

Charlie Massey, Monika Preuss, Louise Wood

Antonia Romeo, Matt Sanders, Richard Sargeant,

Foreign & Commonwealth Office: Deborah Bronnert,

Philip Sinclair, Andrea Siodmok, Jonathan Slater,

Anna Clunes, Jo Dally, Nicola Davis, Oliver Ferrari,

Lucy Smith, Simon Strickland, John Tesh, Tracey Waltho

Emma Hennessey, Joy Hutcheon, Julia Knights, Naomi

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial

Krieger, Kenan Poleo, Jane Rumble, Simon Sharpe,

Strategy: Tera Allas, Sam Beckett, Helen Bodmer,

Kate White

Amanda Brooks, Grace Carey, Chris Carr, Beth Chaudhary,

HM Treasury: Creon Butler, William Hall, Ciaran Hayes,

Alex Chisholm, Lucia Costanzo, Gareth Davies,

Akshay Kaul, Julian Kelly, Rachel King, Alex Marsh,

John Dodds, Sharon Ellis, Debbie Gillatt, Joanne Hodges,

Peter Parker, Victoria Robb, Jon Sell, Harriet Wallace,

Aphrodite Korou, Clive Maxwell, Wendy Middleton,

Rachel Zammett

Chris Pook, Alice Raine, Liesbeth Renders, Amy Salisbury,

Home Office: Susannah Browne, Charlie Edwards,

Michael Talbot, Emily Walch

Hannah Edwards, David Grahame, Nicholas Jaques,

Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport:

Alan Pratt, Salma Shah, James Smith, Niva Thiruchelvam,

Sarah Connolly, Paul Crawford, Matthew Gould,

Nick Timothy, Colin Wilson

Benjamin Greenstone, Dominic Lake, Sam Lister,

Ministry of Defence: Alex Churchill, Rupert Koci-Edwards,

Gaia Marcus, Robert Sullivan

Alex Randall, Peter Watkins

Department for Education: Jessica Adkins, Paul Kett,

Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local

Chris Wormald

Government: Stephen Aldridge, Paul Chamberlain,

Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs:

Rosehanna Chowdhury, Henry Demaria, Scott Dennison,

Colin Church, John Curnow, Gemma Harper, Fiona

Helen Edwards, David Fry, Richard Harries, Stephanie

Harrison, Dudley Hewlett, Nick Joicey, David Kennedy,

Hurst, Nick King, Andrea Lee, Mark Lee, Maria O’Beirne,

Emily Miles, Frances Pimenta, Stuart Wainwright,

Joe Manning, Samanta Padalino, Jeremy Pocklington,

Iain Williams, Katrina Williams

Ricky Taylor, Tom Tolfree

Department for Exiting the European Union:

Ministry of Justice: Colin Hindson, Scott McPherson

Sarah Healey, Jonny Matthews, Philip Rycroft



NHS North East London and the City: Ian McDowell

Bank of England: Jon Cunliffe, Jeremy Martin,

NIHR Office for Clinical Research Infrastructure:

Seth Thomas

Mark Samuels

BBC: James Heath

Northern Ireland Executive: Linsey Farrell

British Business Bank: Matthew Gill

Ofcom: Steve Unger

Cambridge City Council: Andrew Limb

Office for Life Sciences: Tamsin Berry

Cambridgeshire County Council: Amanda Askham,

Office of Chuka Umunna MP: Jeff Masters,

Gillian Beasley, Michael Soper

Mark Simmonds

Care Quality Commission: Malte Gerhold

Ofgem: Rob Mills, Marcia Poletti

Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture

Port of London Authority: Katherine Riggs

Science: Stuart Rogers

Public Health England: Felix Greaves

Committee on Climate Change: Steve Smith

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: David Bagshawe-Cope

Defence Science and Technology Laboratory:

Science Museum: Howard Covington

Louise Barton, Neil Lindsay, Lucy Mason

Scottish Government: Sam Anson, Leslie Evans,

Environment Agency: Doug Wilson, Simon Gardner

John Ireland

Food Standards Agency: Vanna Aldin, Julie Pierce,

Scottish Parliament: Paul Grice

Steve Wearne

Technology Strategy Board: Tim Leeder

Government Digital Service: Oliver Buckley

UK Government Investments: Jonathan Gorrie

Government Office for Science: Claire Craig,

UK Research and Innovation: Elaine Morley,

Mike Edbury, Miles Elsden, Andrew Greenway,

Wayne Williams

Chris McFee, Louise Owen, Richard Sandford,

UK Space Agency: Alice Bunn

Elizabeth Surkovic, Patrick Vallance

UK Statistics Authority: Ed Humpherson, John Pullinger

Greater Cambridge Greater Peterborough LEP:

Veterinary Medicines Directorate: Paul Green

Neil Darwin

Welsh Government: Michael Eaton, Simon Brindle,

Greater London Authority: Catherine Glossop,

Shan Morgan, Matthew Quinn

Mark Kleinman, Shaun Lowthian, Jeremy Skinner Greater Manchester Combined Authority:


Andrew Lightfoot

British Virgin Islands Government: Benito Wheatley

Health Protection Agency: Virginia Murray

Commonwealth Secretariat: Abhik Sen

Highways England: Stephen Elderkin

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development:

Infrastructure UK: Geoffrey Spence

Craig Davies

Innovate UK: Iain Gray

European Commission: Nadia Calviño, Richard Cawley,

Local Government Association: Sandie Dunne

Nicole Dewandre, Florent Frederix, Jose Jiménez Mingo,

London Borough of Barking and Dagenham: Tom Hook

Koen Jonkers, Reinald Krueger, Isidro Laso Ballesteros,

London Borough of Newham: Jane Kennedy

Robert Madelin, David Mair, Jan Marco Müller,

National Audit Office: Sally Howes

Luca Martinelli, Anne-Marie Sassen, Fabrizio Sestini

National Infrastructure Commission: Siddharth Varma

European Parliament: Alex Mayer

Natural England: Gary Kass

Financial Stability Board: Jon Frost

New Economy Manchester: Mike Emmerich

French Embassy, London: Serge Plattard

NHS England: Tim Kelsey, Michael Macdonnell

French Foreign Trade Advisors: Nathan Boublil


Policy Fellows elected since 2009

Hacettepe University: Meltem Sengelen


International Council for Science: Charles Ebikeme

Academy of Medical Sciences: Tom Livermore,

King Hussein Cancer Centre, Jordan: Asem Mansour

Rachel Quinn

Ministry of Health, Palestine: Samah Jabr

Association of Charitable Foundations:

Ministry of Public Health, Lebanon: Ibrahim Bou-Orm,

Keiran Goddard

Hilda Harb, Nour Kik

Behavioural Insights Team: Katy King

Palestine Counselling Centre: Rana Nashashibi

BioBricks Foundation: Linda Kahl

United Nations Environment Programme: Lydia Zemke

British Airports Authority: Philip Langsdale

World Health Organisation: Gini Arnold

Building Research Establishment: Deborah Pullen Coalition for a Digital Economy: Guy Levin


Eastern Academic Health Science Network:

Accenture: Tim Cooper

Karen Livingstone

Amey plc: Stephanie Eaton

Exeter City Futures: Glenn Woodcock

Angel investor: John Taysom

Forum for the Future: David Bent

BAE Systems: Llyr Jones

Friends of the Earth: Craig Bennett

Barclays UK: Steven Roberts, Ashok Vaswani

Institution of Engineering and Technology:

BP: David Eyton, Chris Ganje, Robert Sorrell

Michelle Richmond

British Airways: David Hart

Joseph Rowntree Foundation: Julia Unwin

BT: Brendan Dick, Tim Whitley

London Centre for Social Studies: Zeynep Engin

Comac Capital LLC: Shad Turney

Massachusetts Life Sciences Center:

DeepMind: Brittany Smith

Susan Windham-Bannister

Equifax: Rhona Parry

Nesta: Halima Khan, John Loder, Stian Westlake

Frazer Nash Consultancy: Bill Hodson

Nuffield Foundation: Imogen Parker

Google: Noa Elefant-Loffler, Katie O’Donovan,

Places for People: Roger Wilshaw

Katherine Oyama

Power to Change Research Institute:

GSK: Alan Moodie

Genevieve Maitland-Hudson

Inmarsat: James Cemmell

Raspberry Pi Foundation: Philip Colligan

McKinsey & Company: Andrew Goodman

Royal Academy of Engineering: Andrew Chilvers,

NATS: Paul Swarbrick

Shaarad Sharma

Pearson International: Mark Anderson

Royal Society: Jessica Montgomery, Louise Pakseresht,

Pfizer: Adam Heathfield

Richard James Walker, Emma Woods

Privitar: Guy Cohen

Royal Society of Chemistry: James Hutchinson

Procter & Gamble: David Jakubovic

Social Finance: Alisa Helbitz

Rolls Royce: Chris Floyd

techUK: Vinous Ali, Charlotte Holloway, Anthony Walker

Scottish Power: Gordon McGregor

University Alliance: Gabriel Huntley Varkey Foundation: Vikas Pota Wellcome Trust: Ed Whiting



Contact Centre for Science and Policy University of Cambridge 10 Trumpington Street Cambridge CB2 1QA +44 (0) 1223 339642 enquiries@csap.cam.ac.uk www.csap.cam.ac.uk

Profile for Centre for Science and Policy

CSaP Annual Report 2018-2019  

The annual report for the University of Cambridge's Centre for Science and Policy features news, case studies, and information about our wor...

CSaP Annual Report 2018-2019  

The annual report for the University of Cambridge's Centre for Science and Policy features news, case studies, and information about our wor...


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