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KIRKLAND FRASER MOOR Towards a New Architecture


www.skyscrapercity.com


Earl Young


Life’s Principles Biomimicry Guild


Nature runs on sunlight Nature uses only the energy it needs Nature fits form to function Nature recycles everything Nature rewards competition Nature banks on diversity Nature demands local expertise Nature curbs excesses from within Nature taps the power of limits. Benyus, J. M. Biomimicry, Innovation Inspired by Nature


Buildings run on sunlight Buildings use only the energy it needs Buildings fit form to function Buildings recycle everything Buildings reward competition Buildings bank on diversity Buildings demand local expertise Buildings curb excesses from within Buildings tap the power of limits. Benyus, J. M. Biomimicry, Innovation Inspired by Nature


Buildings run on sunlight Buildings use only the energy it needs Buildings fit form to function Buildings recycle everything Buildings reward competition Buildings bank on diversity Buildings demand local expertise Buildings curb excesses from within Buildings tap the power of limits Benyus, J. M. Biomimicry, Innovation Inspired by Nature


Form follows function


Form follows environment


CONTEXT Local Footprint


Parker & Unwin


Parker & Unwin


Code For Sustainable Homes


GSHE 300% Efficiency = 3kWh of Heat for 1kWh of electricity Gas (oil) burned to turn water into steam Steam drives a turbine Turbine drives a generator Generator makes electricity Electricity transformed up to 475,000v Electricity transmitted through the grid Electricity transformed back to 415v Mike Hillard


Micro Turbines 8.4% Efficiency Commercial wind farms are min. 25% Efficiency Capital cost is double that of a commercial one per kW capacity Little useful wind at roof top level Payback time approx. 52 years Life expectancy approx. 10 years. Mike Hillard

Ref - A cost review of the Code for Sustainable Homes http://www.cyrilsweett.com/news/researchandlit.htm


UK Climate Data

Ref - Mike Hillard Green Building Magazine Winter 2007


Thermal Mass

Ref - http://www.greenspec.co.uk/html/lowcarbon/lowcarbonthermalmass.html


The thermal properties of some common materials Material Water Cast concrete (dense) Granite Dense concrete block Sandstone Clay tiles Rammed earth Clay plaster Brick Dense plaster Flooring screed Plasterboard Lightweight plaster Lightweight concrete block Fibreboard Timber flooring Carpet Rockwool insulation Fibreglass insulation

Conductivity W/mK 1.9 1.4 2.1 1.8 1.6 0.52 1.1 0.91 0.72 0.05 0.41 0.17 0.16 0.11 0.06 0.14 0.07 0.035 0.04

Vol heat capacity kJ/m3K 4186 2300 2154 2000 1800 1770 1675 1650 1360 1300 1000 800 600 600 300 780 260 42 9


US Power Station Emissions

Ref - Benchmarking Air Emissions of the 100 Largest Electric Generation Owners in the U.S. – 2002 http://www.ceres.org/NETCOMMUNITY/Page.aspx?pid=597&srcid=592


Kirkland Fraser Moor Testing Ideas.


Headlands House, Berkhamsted, England


Headlands House, Berkhamsted, England


Headlands House, Berkhamsted, England


Headlands House, Berkhamsted, England


Trotter House, Childrey, England


Trotter House, Oxfordshire, England


Trotter House, Childrey, England


Trotter House, Oxfordshire, England


Sugden House, Chorelywood, England


Sugden House, Chorelywood, England


The White House, Wiggington, England


Stark House, Harmer Green, England


Stark House, Harmer Green, England


Barton-le-Clay, England


Little Copped Hall, Epping Forest, England


Little Copped Hall, Epping Forest, England


Appartment Block, Berkhamsted, England


Code For Sustainable Homes


Zero Carbon Low Cost Housing, Rochdale, England


Deans Farm, Gubblecote, England


Ft William, Scotland


Ft William, Scotland


LEX, Walsall, England


Business Intelligence Organizations are gathering and storing more and more data. Every year the amount of data in the world is approximately doubling. This data is of little benefit unless it can, 1. be turned into useful information, and 2. automatically delivered to the appropriate people when they need it.


Kirkland on Construmat  

Presentation about eco-design