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DAILY DELTA FRIDAY, 26 SEPTEMBER 2014 OPPORTUNITIES FOR PEOPLE, SCIENCE, CITIES AND BUSINESS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

DELTAS IN TIMES OF CLIMATE CHANGE II


INTRODUCTION

THIS IS YOUR DAILY DELTA. A VISUAL AND INSPIRATIONAL MAGAZINE OF THE DELTAS IN TIMES OF CLIMATE CHANGE II


INDEX

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Opening Deltas in Times of Climate Change II

Lessons from cities in developing countries

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Weathering the storms Presentations & round table

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Decision making in an uncertain world

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Towards a climate adaptive integrated approach of the food chain

Myanmar Developing an integrated water management plan in Myanmar

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The transformative capacity of adaptation

Plenary closure with Pier Vellinga & Paula Verhoeven

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Social media

Researchers presenting their posters

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Recap ‘Daily Delta’ wednesday and thursday

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LESSONS FROM CITIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

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As Letitre focussed more on water in his presentation, Ren showed the effect of higher temperatures on people living in the cities of Hong Kong and Macau. Ren: ‘Heat, caused by higher temperatures, can kill people’. She called for rethinking of the process to develop cities and re-value more carefully the importance of urban climate in order to fight the heat. She stressed that we need the right translation from the scientific world in regards to the planning field, and a more effective communication between researchers and planners.

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What lessons can we learn from cities in developing countries? Peter Letitre, Deltares in the Netherlands, presented the Masterplan of Beira, a coastal city in Mozambique. Also PhD Chao Ren, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, presented the situation and plans for two cities: Hong Kong and Macau. Prof. Bruce Glavovic from Massey University New Zealand facilitated the presentations. The goals of the Masterplan Beira 2035, as Letitre presented it, are: increasing the possibilities of economic growth, decreasing the threats of climate change and improving the living conditions of the inhabitants. In his presentation Letitre outlined the different climate related threats the city is facing. The rising sea level, changing rainfall patterns and reduced drainage capacity have an impact on the city. In order to challenge those threats, Beira has to move to the higher parts of the city in 2035. The lower parts of the city are threatened by the rising sea level. 

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“We need the right translation from the scientific world in regards to the planning field.” PHD CHAO REN, CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG


WEATHERING THE STORMS

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WEATHERING THE STORMS PART ONE: FOUR VIEWS

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ALEX NICKSON, GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY, UNITED KINGDOM:

PAULIEN HARTOG, AMSTERDAM RAINPROOF, THE NETHERLANDS

London has a ‘full house’ of flood sources, according to Alex Nickson. For example, the threats are coming from the North Sea, sewers and rivers. Although London is confident that they can withstand a sea level rise of 6 meters, there is a lack of plans for surface water and drainage. London feels that they are sleep walking towards a disaster. Due to population growth, green zones are disappearing in the city. Green zones are hugely important because they allow surface water to infiltrate the ground in these area’s.

For many people it is not shocking that Amsterdam is very flat and as a result surface water has difficulties running off. Therefore, there are a lot of storage facilities across the city. The system is robust and in most circumstances reliable. However, in cases of very extreme weather conditions there is still a lot of uncertainty.

The biggest challenge will be to stress the importance of these green zones to politicians and the citizens of London. Currently other green solutions like solar panels are higher on the agenda due to a more promising business proposition in the short term. However, the good news is that politicians love a more ‘green’ city. The important task is to compose a clear statement and message about all the beneficial characteristics of green zones. Not only because they are beautiful, but also because they are an interesting and promising return on investment in the long run.

On top of that Amsterdam is experiencing some of the same challenges as London: green zones getting replaced by hard surfaces, which are almost impenetrable and therefore unsuitable for rainwater drainage. A new assignment is set this year: make Amsterdam rainproof. The project is facilitated by the government but executed by many stakeholders, such as citizens, NGO’s and businesses. The goal is to make Amsterdam rainproof, by abstracting more value from rainwater. For example, using a rain barrel and creating a green rooftop.


Hamburg is a rapidly growing city and city centre is getting more dense. This has a great effect on the city’s sewer systems. A new plan is drawn, which is focussed on decentralized stormwater management and a better water balance. The plan is currently reviewed for approval by politicians. The plan consist of many challenging recommendations, the most important one: the city needs a competent and centralized administration for water management.

The innercity districts of Copenhagen are the most vulnerable and risky areas in regards to climate change. They have experienced four rare events in four years time. The extreme events were happening locally and there was no warning signal at all. The local government of Copenhagen came with a plan: The Cloudburst Management Plan. The plan consists of seven water catchment plans and the most important one is creating more outlets towards the harbour. To successfully implement the water catchment plans, partnerships with water companies, a cooperation and coordination forum, which includes local communities, are needed. The next couple of months will be decisive in the execution of the plan as the costs are enormous. It is with good reason the Copenhagen Cloudburst plan is one of the most important political decision in years.

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LYKKE LEONARDSEN, COPENHAGEN CITY COUNCIL, DENMARK

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ELKE KRUSE, HAFENCITY UNIVERSITY HAMBURG, GERMANY

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SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE: THREE KEY QUESTIONS WEATHERING THE STORMS PART TWO: THE ROUND TABLE

HOW MUCH SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE IS ENOUGH?

HOW MUCH WILL IT COST AND WHO PAYS FOR IT?

COPENHAGEN: It is never enough due to many (eco-

COPENHAGEN: We have a very urgent situation.

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nomic) variables and uncertain and serious climate change scenario’s. Therefore we are more or less forced to invest immediately.

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AMSTERDAM: If you put a cap, then there is a big

chance you loose track on possible and very promising solutions.You also lose your flexibility to adapt and adjust. HAMBURG: I cannot answer this question. We are looking for special solutions in regards to what will be enough for very dense areas to adapt to continuously changing circumstances. LONDON: If we do nothing and put a cap on the

investments, then we will fall behind and loose grip of the situation.

Major NGO’s and corporations will leave the city if nothing changes rapidly. AMSTERDAM: We are still looking into that. The rea-

son: what parts and segments will be transformed; houses, streets, neighbourhoods. We are looking for the weak spots where we need to put our attention. Who is going to pay for it? Both homeowners and the government have a responsibility and small investments from both parties are required. HAMBURG: Money from the private sector is required

to execute the plan in the beginning. The private sector can earn their investments back on the long term via water taxes.


HOW DO YOU DELIVER AND MAINTAIN IT?

COPENHAGEN: We have very little influence on the

AMSTERDAM: We indeed need to share all available

HAMBURG: We have strict borders between private

and public properties. The public domain has very strict regulations in regards to maintenance and the government is responsible. Problems occur when there is no strict separation between public and private domains. It differs per situation who is responsible.

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knowledge with everyone related to infrastructural work and maintenance. We need to create awareness and involvement.

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private sector. We as a government have to maintain many structures, installations and roads and pick up any extra bill. We also need to share and train our employees in regards to best practices in order for them to work effectively and creating awareness.

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DECISION MAKING IN AN UNCERTAIN WORLD

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Today more than ever, decision makers need ways to design good policies and projects in the face of deep uncertainties, including climate change. The participants of the workshop: ‘Decision making in an uncertain world’, had to find out how to make smart long-term decisions. To frame the concepts of robust decision-making, the participants had to play a ‘serious’ game in which they were exposed to the principles of robust decision-making. Stéphane Hallegatte, The World Bank USA, and Dr. Maarten van Aalst, International Red Cross/Red Cross Crescent Climate Centre the Netherlands, organised the workshop. Seven tables in the Diamond Room l represented different countries. Players were all part of a country and individually represented a province. Their goal was to create a prosperous province by using the so called ‘protection beans’. When they failed to protect their province, they had to stand up and scream: ‘Oh no, I have a humanitarian crisis’. Of course, the game illustrated a serious problem and was used as a simplification of reality. In this reality, according to the organisations, traditional decision-making is used, which focuses on predicting the future. Traditional decision-making can leave societies paralysed by uncertainty or dangerously vulnerable to natural and manmade hazards. In a fast-changing and complex world, good decisions are robust. They work well in many possible futures even if they are not optimised to any single prediction.


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“Oh no, I have a humanitairian crisis”


Participants play exposed to the p


y a ‘serious game’ in which they were principles of robust decision-making.


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TOWARDS A CLIMATE ADAPTIVE INTEGRATED APPROACH OF THE FOOD CHAIN

“At this time 900.000 people are hungry while 1.4 billion people are overweight. An extra 50 million people will be at risk of hunger by 2050 due to climate change.”

“The food chain is a big ice berg. We only see the tip: the brands. But we don’t see the farmers, locals and workers.”

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MSC FRANK MECHIELSEN, OXFAM NOVIB, THE NETHERLANDS

MSC FRANK MECHIELSEN, OXFAM NOVIB, THE NETHERLANDS


“There is also our own interesest in water and climate. We want to double our business by 2020. We need twice the ingredients, due to population growth and increasing wealth. The availability of raw materials is under pressure. Combined with magnified market forces, we have to do something.”

MSC JAN BURGER, COCA COLA NORTH WEST EUROPE AND NORDICS, THE NETHERLANDS

“There are many more innovations than are being implemented. What are the solutions for better implementing those innovations?”

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DR. EDDY MOORS, WAGENINGEN UR, THE NETHERLANDS

MSC JAN BURGER, COCA COLA NORTH WEST EUROPE AND NORDICS, THE NETHERLANDS

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“We need to increase storage capacity for water basins, decrease vulnerability by better weather forecasting, improve rain fed agriculture and better manage water and energy demands.”

“In a case study where we were cultivating strawberries in Spain we achieved a 15% water use reduction trough better knowledge and small investments.”

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DR. EDDY MOORS, WAGENINGEN UR, THE NETHERLANDS


“There are many more innovations implemented. What are the solutio implementing those innovations?”

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DR. EDDY MOORS, WAGENINGEN UR, THE NETHERLANDS

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s than are being ons for better ”

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“Take a ‘broad view’ in the analysis of problems. Aim for multi-purpose use of water infrastructure.”

“The participatory approach (and stakeholders involvement) is much appreciated and very supportive to the identification and future ownership of projects.”

PAUL VAN MEEL, ROYAL HASKONINGDHV, THE NETHERLANDS

TJITTE NAUTA, DELTARES, THE NETHERLANDS


MYANMAR

MYANMAR IS NOW TAKING THE FIRST STEPS IN DEVELOPING AN INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STRATEGY. ONE OF THE CHALLENGES IN THIS PROCESS IS THAT A LOT OF THE NECESSARY DATA AND INFORMATION IS LACKING.

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PAUL VAN MEEL, ROYAL HASKONINGDHV, THE NETHERLANDS

“Leapfrogging to the latest technology is the way to go.”

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“Focus on education, capacity building, training. These are key success factors for integrated water resources planning, implementation and management.”

TJITTE NAUTA, DELTARES, THE NETHERLANDS

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THE TRANSFORMATIVE CAPACITY OF ADAPTATION

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HENK OVINK, HURRICAN SANDY REBUILDING TASK FORCE / US DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, USA

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“We need to reach out to each other and collaborate. Let’s build alliances, only together we can do something against climate change.”

“Resilience is not enough, it is about becoming stronger and better. We need to be innovative and determined.”


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“It is not technology that is the bottleneck for adaptation, it is having the courage to work together, to test new solutions and strike out in new directions.” PROF. PIER VELLINGA, KNOWLEDGE FOR CLIMATE


PARTICIPANTS GATHERI TO THEIR EXCURSION D


ING AND TRAVELLING DESTINATIONS

Bosch Slabbers Landscape + Urban Design


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Arwin van Buuren @arwinvanbuuren

Kian Goh @kiangoh

SOCIAL MEDIA

Today I present at #climatedelta14 @ deltaprogramma as vehicleto create governance capacity for multi-level water governance @ClimateNL

Claudia Agudelo-Vera / KWR tells fascinating link btw urban heat island, soil improvement & drinking water temp @climatedelta #climatedelta14

NWP @nwpnederland

René Karens @renekarens

Henk Ovink @climateNL

‘How do we deal with limited data and still make the right decisions on short/long term’ Cees Veerman in Myanmar Session #climatedelta14

Veel opgestoken afgelopen dagen op #climadelta14 over deltas Bangladesh en Vietnam. Mooi voorproefje op onderzoek!

Be prepared, mainstream climate change and use it as a trigger to act! @ PierVellinga #climatedelta14

Aline te Linde @alinetelinde

Amsterdam Rainproof Jan van der Grift @rainproof020 @JanvanderGrift

“We tend to forget people. let’s build alliances based on common interests, for change” - Henk Ovink #climatedelta14 @TGwater

Rainproof tip for own initiative for all, heard on #climatedelta14. If you see a blocked gully - take away the leaves, paper and other dirt.

Just left Rotterdam, I am impressed by the main messages at #climatedelta14


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Exhibition floor: Deltas in Times of Climate Change II

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POSTER PRESENTATIONS

Lisette Klok

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“With this sensor on a tram and subway, you can measure thermatic comfort.”

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Marieke de Lange “Saline constructed wetlands can optimize the ecosystem service of water purification.”


Karina Czapiewska “This will be the best place where your children grow up.”

Bernd Uebbing “I am a physical scientist and we are presenting a global sea level simulator, and we are measuring on how people have responded to local sea level rise.”

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“Networks of commercial microwave links hold a promise for measuring rainfall, particularly in developing countries.”

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Aart Overeem

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RECAP WEDNESDAY

Read the full report here: http://www.climatedeltaconference2014.org/results/dailydeltas

The opening of the second day Deltas in Times of Climate Change II

A panel discussion moderated by Roger Harrabin

Benjamin Barber talks about his book: ‘If mayors ruled the world’

Yolanda Kakabadse talks about ‘No excuse for Inaction’

Prof. Chris Rapley talks about ‘Bridging the gap: organising and communicating climate resilience’


A round table with chairman Nano Kleuterp about ‘Financing climate adaption’

Brisbane Watershed Design Charette MSC Stijn Koole Bosch Slabbers Landscape + Urban Design

USA: Developing resilient communities David Schaub-Jones, SeeSaw Group & Paulvan Koppen, NWP

New Climate Change Scenarios by Prof. Bart van den Hurk


RECAP THURSDAY

Read the full report here: http://www.climatedeltaconference2014.org/results/dailydeltas

At a round table participants discussed Community based adaptation

Stéphane Hallegatte talked about the economics of climate impact and adaptation

Rens de Jong announced the winners of the International Climate Adaptation Business Challenge

Tom Ysebaert kicked of Building with nature with a presentation. Four speakers would follow him to the speaker stand

Peter van Veelen and Martijn Steenstra organised the lively conversation about ‘Creating resillient urban waterfronts’

The Tokyo room was filled with presentations abous ‘Fresh water management’


We’ve interviewed Rutger de Graaf about ‘Creating floating cities’

Best practices about mainstreaming flood resilience

Prof.dr. Dorothea Hilhorst hosted the ‘disaster reduction and rmergencies: regional perspectives’ session

Talk about Room for the River project in the city of Nijmegen and Zollhafen ‘Learning from flood resilient cities’

A Vietnam session with focus on the overall theme of ‘Shared Framework for Development’


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On behalf of the organising committee: thank you all for participating and making the conference a success. Read all results and presentations of the conference: www.climatedeltaconference2014.org


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COLOPHON

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Publication Organising Committee Deltas in Times of Climate Change II Text Visuele Notulen in cooperation with the Organising Committee Deltas in Times of Climate Change II Editing Organising Committee Deltas in Times of Climate Change II Photography Visuele Notulen Organising Committee Deltas in Times of Climate Change II City of Rotterdam Rogier Bos Anneke Hymmen Bosch Slabbers Graphic design Visuele Notulen


Facebook ClimateNL-KennisVoorKlimaat Twitter @ClimateDelta LinkedIN DeltasinTimesOfClimateChange

www.climatedeltaconference 2014. org

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