Issue No 132 May 2017
filling the gap between spring and summer Hundreds of spring gardening events throughout the Cotswolds
All year round lavenders
Great May gardens for you to enjoy Forcing veg for early picking www.countrygardener.co.uk
AT THE GARDEN LOVERS GARDEN CENTRE
On A423 Southam Road, Nr. Farnborough, Banbury OX17 1EL. Tel: 01295 690479 Open six days a week Tue-Sat 9am-5.30pm Sun 10.30am-4.30pm Open Bank Holiday Mondays www.farnboroughgardencentre.co.uk
A AT Y JO UT
EN AY O D
It’s difficult to find interesting places to visit in these days of chain stores and national garden centre groups that all look the same. Here is the antidote! This is a Garden Store-situated in the heart of the Wye Valley. On the outskirts of the picturesque market town of Ross on Wye-on the banks of the River Wye, independently run by a local family, it is certainly a break from the “norm”. Housed in an historical Brunel designed “Engine Shed” formerly of the Great Western Railway-the main shop houses an array of unusual homewares, garden related gifts and a quaint cafe, offering light lunches and snacks and famed locally for it’s
homemade cakes, soup and scones. Outside under the covered planteria which protects visitors from all weathers, high emphasis is placed on the sale of plants, which are sourced from specialist nurseries across the globe all chosen for their seasonality at any one time, and of the highest quality. Reclamation pieces are dotted throughout the building, from cart wheels to bushel boxes and galvanised watering cans to unusual arches and plant supports. A landcape and design service is also available, plus plenty of horticultural advice from an expert team on site.
Mon -S Sun at 9am10am 5 -4.3 pm 0pm A449
Easy out of town parkin g
Ross Garden Store, The Engine Shed, Station Approach, Ashburton, Ross On Wye, Herefordshire HR9 7BW
www.rossgardenstore.com 01989 568999 OPEN DAILY
ROSS GARDEN STORE A40
“‘Spring is God’s way of saying, ‘One more time!” Robert Orben
OUR HIGHLIGHTS OF THE GARDENING CALENDAR OVER THE COMING WEEKS IN THE COTSWOLDS GARDEN OPEN OF THE MONTH
View garden gems in Putley
There’s the chance to enjoy the blooms, blossom and bounty of some of Putley’s glorious gardens about five miles west of Ledbury, on Saturday 13th May. For the third year running six intrepid gardeners and their hardworking under-gardeners are opening their gates to visitors to the idyllic rural village. Garden enthusiasts can wander through three established gardens (one laid out in the 1920s), one that’s in the making, one that’s being restored and one that’s been adapted and personalised in the last five years. The event is being held to support the upkeep of the parish hall and church. Gardens are open from 1pm until 5.30pm; entrance is £5 per person; children under 15 are free. Dogs are not allowed in the gardens. www.putleygardens.org.uk
Snowshill Manor opens for 2017 The gardens at National Trust property Snowshill Manor, near Broadway, are now open for the new season. Spring time is a perfect time of year to visit Snowshill with the daffodils and crocuses emerging, the sounds of the lambs in the surrounding fields, whilst of course witnessing the waking up of the lush Cotswold countryside. www.nationaltrust.org.uk/snowshillmanor
COTSWOLDS VILLAGE GARDENS There’s the chance to enjoy ten gardens in Gloucestershire which are opening on the 17th and 18th June under the National Gardens Scheme in two quintessential Cotswold villages of Ashley and Culkerton which are between Cirencester and Tetbury. They vary from cottage gardens to larger more formal gardens and offer a wide range of different aspects which is reflected in the plantings and the designs.
SPECIAL DATES FOR YOUR DIARY
ALLINGTON GRANGE Allington, Chippenham, Wiltshire SN14 6LW
Informal country garden of about one and a half acres around a 17th century farmhouse (not open), with year-round interest, a white garden with fountain, colour-themed mixed and herbaceous borders, pergola with clematis and roses, walled potager, small orchard with chickens and wildlife pond with natural planting. Open for the NGS: Sunday 28th May, Monday 29 May (2 - 5pm). Admission: £4, children free. Home-made teas. Groups also welcome by arrangement February to June. Mainly level with ramp into potager. Dogs allowed on leads. Telephone: 01249 447436 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.allingtongrange.com Find more gardens open for charity on page 24
Open gardens at Eckington The Worcestershire village of Eckington is holding its annual flower festival and open gardens on Saturday 17th and Sunday 18th June, 10am to 6pm with over 30 gardens opening, including some of the gardens which also open for the NGS with their stunning views, water and architectual features. The Holy Trinity Church will be displaying its usual stunning array of floral displays themed on “Let us Entertain You”, films and musicals. www.eckington.info Tel: 01386 751698
Saturday 10th & Sunday 11th June HELLENS GARDEN FESTIVAL Hellens , Much Marcle HR8 2LY www.countrygardener.co.uk
SAY IT WITH WOOD
Specialist Plant Centre
Grange Farm NURSERY Beautiful plants to create your own unique garden
Beautiful fencing & garden products made from naturally durable, sustainable local timber
Open 7 days a week: Summer 9am - 5.30pm, Winter 9am to Dusk, Sundays 10am - 5pm Guarlford - Malvern - WR13 6NT
01684 562544 email@example.com
The Michaelmas Daisy Specialists since 1906 Order now for May 2017 delivery. Catalogue free on request. Open with Perrycroft on the 30th April 12-5pm for the NGS. Garden also open 20th & 21st May 11am-5pm. OPEN: May - 31st July Wednesday - Saturday 2pm - 5pm or by appointment. Garden closed until August except on special event days.
firstname.lastname@example.org 07958 345833
Tel: 01684 540416 www.autumnasters.co.uk Old Court Nurseries, Walwyn Road, Colwall WR13 6QE
Cotswold Garden Flowers Easy and unusual perennials for the flower garden
For spectacular spring walks... Enjoy glorious walks through the flower-filled arboretum, treat yourself to lunch or afternoon tea, browse our beautiful gifts and visit the Garden Centre for an extensive range of quality plants. A perfect day out â€“ dog friendly too!
Delightful gardens to inspire you Plant and garden advice Mail order and online ordering available, or pop along and visit us at the nurser y
Visit www.batsarb.co.uk for details on our forthcoming events BATSFORD ARBORETUM AND GARDEN CENTRE Batsford, Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire GL56 9AD. Tel: 01386 701441 E: email@example.com www.batsarb.co.uk BatsfordArboretum 4
Groups welcome by appointment Open 7 days a week from 1st March to 30th September (weekends 10am - 5.30pm) Sands Lane, Badsey, Evesham, WR11 7EZ 01386 833849 firstname.lastname@example.org w w w.cgf.net
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...In the Cotswolds A LOOK AT NEWS, EVENTS AND HAPPENINGS IN THE COTSWOLDS
Gloucestershire gardens opening for the NGS 90th anniversary weekend A variety of Gloucestershire gardens ranging from a country house garden to a garden at a pottery are opening for the celebration of the National Gardens Scheme 90th anniversary weekend on the Late Spring Bank Holiday weekend of 27th-29th May. Hookshouse Pottery at Tetbury Nearly 400 gardens all over the country will be opening that weekend for the NGS throughout England and Wales, including 12 of the original gardens that first opened 90 years ago. Many of the gardens are in the counties covered by Country Gardener. The National Garden Scheme was started in 1927 to raise money for nurses. Now the scheme has around 3,800 gardens open every year to the public in England and Wales. and is the most significant charitable funder of nursing charities in the country, donating over ÂŁ50 million so far. They help garden owners open their gardens, raising impressive amounts of money through entry fees, teas and cake. The beneficiary charities are: The Queenâ€™s Nursing Institute, Macmillan Cancer Support, Marie Curie, Carers Trust, Hospice UK, Perennial, Parkinsonâ€™s UK and other guest charities. Lindors Country House, St Briavels, Lydney, opens on all three days as does Hookshouse Pottery at Tetbury (which also opens the rest of the week for the NGS). Other gardens open are Longhope Gardens in the village of Longhope, ten miles from Gloucester, on Saturday 27th and Sunday 28th May, and Greenfields, Little Rissington on Sunday 28th May. Barn House, Sandywell Park opens on Sunday 28th and Bank Holiday 29th May, as does Pasture Farm, Upper Oddington, Morton-in-Marsh. Greenacres at Bibury opens on Bank Holiday Monday 29th May. For more details go to the NGS website at www.ngs.org.uk or pick up a county booklet available in many places.
Wow factor at Batsford Arboretum
May is one of the highlights of the year at Batsford Arboretum near Moreton-in-Marsh in Gloucestershire. The Fuji cherries â€“ a mountain variety of Japanese cherry â€“ kick-start the blossom displays from late March alongside the stunning displays of 73 different varieties of magnolia,. The wow factor arrives thanks to the Japanese flowering cherries - as holders of the National Collection of Prunus cherries; Batsford is home to 120 trees in clusters around the 56-acre arboretum. The 52 different varieties, known as Japanese village cherries, offer a confetti of colour appearing gradually from early April to early May. Colours range from pure white to fuchsia pink and every shade in between. In mid-May, Batsford Arboretumâ€™s famous Pocket Handkerchief Tree â€“ the Davidia involucrata â€“ springs into life. After it was discovered growing wild in China towards the end of the nineteenth century, seeds were sent back to the UK by Victorian plant hunter Ernest Wilson in 1901. Batsfordâ€™s specimen was one of the first to be planted in Britain in around 1910 and is believed to be one of the largest in the UK today.
VIEW GARDEN GEMS IN PUTLEY For the third year running six intrepid gardeners and their hardworking under-gardeners are opening their gates to visitors to the idyllic rural village near Ledbury. Garden enthusiasts can wander through three established gardens (one laid out in the 1920s), one thatâ€™s in the making, one thatâ€™s being restored and one thatâ€™s been adapted and personalised in the last five years. Organiser Tim Beaumont says: â€œPutley is surrounded by orchards and if weâ€™re lucky, the apple trees in blossom will add to the magic of what we hope will be a fine and sunny day, full of interest for gardeners and their families.â€? Most gardens and the church are accessible by well-marked footpaths through the orchards and pastures, providing a chance for visitors to experience Putleyâ€™s beautiful countryside, hedgerow flowers and wildlife as well as the gardens themselves. The event is being held to support the upkeep of the Parish Hall and Church. Gardens are open from 1pm until 5.30pm; entrance is ÂŁ5 per person; children under 15 are free. Dogs are not allowed in the gardens. www.putleygardens.org.uk
GARDENERS’ CUTTINGS IN THE CO TSWOLDS
Oxfordshire plant fair at Kingston Bagpuise House
Katie Benge’s work features ink drawings on recycled wood
Woodland creatures exhibition at Taurus Crafts A new exhibition ‘The Woodland Creatures’ by Katie Benge will run at Taurus Crafts, in the Forest of Dean Gloucestershire, until Sunday 7th May. The woodland creatures exhibition draws on nature that surrounds Katie in her garden and the forest at its borders. She has selected three mediums to best display her diverse talents; a collection of watercolours as well as Indian ink drawings on both recycled wood and recycled slate. Katie’s work includes classic themes of foxes, owls, and hares, but also includes some of the less common subjects for artists including wasps, blackbirds and starlings. Taurus Crafts is home to 14 artisan businesses, a gift shop full of original and local craft products. Free entry. Open daily 10am-5pm. Taurus Crafts, in the Forest of Dean Gloucestershire, GL15 6BU www.tauruscrafts.co.uk
The historic gardens at Kingston Bagpuize House play host to a Rare Plant Fair on Sunday, 28th May. The18th century house is in a unique setting on the edge of the White Horse Vale and surrounded by its beautiful garden and parkland. The area of garden to the immediate east and north of the house was formal in layout and is so today. The lawns, once graced by majestic trees, are now largely open; the vista from the east, looking up the beech avenue towards the house, framed by the four Wellingtonias planted around 1860, confirm the importance of this historic house both within and beyond its immediate landscape. The Kingston Bagpuize fair is the largest in the Rare Plant programme, with over 30 exhibitors specialist plant nurseries and selected garden sundries. The fair opens from 11am to 4pm, and entry to the fair and garden costs just £5 for adults and £3 for children. Kingston Bagpuize House itself will also be open from 1pm-4pm (additional fee payable). Homemade refreshments are available. Address: Kingston Bagpuize House, Kingston Bagpuize, Oxfordshire OX13 5AX
FRIARS COURT GARDEN OPEN FOR SPECIAL CENTENARY Friars Court, on the edge of the village of Clanfield, Oxfordshire, home of the Willmer family is celebrating 100 years of their residency this year. Current owner Charles Willmer is opening his gardens to share their beauty throughout the summer months. Friars Court dates back to the 12th century and the gardens and grounds have seen many changes. Originally vegetable gardens and orchards, since the 1960s they have expanded and evolved. Designer Jeffrey Cleaver and gardener Kris Hellard have cleverly divided the grounds into a series of ‘garden rooms’ with extensive beds and borders providing interest and colour throughout the year.” The gardens are open for the National Garden Scheme on Bank Holiday Monday 29th May, 2pm until 6pm then re-open every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon during June, July and August. 6
The Coach House Ampney Crucis Nr Cirencester GL7 5RY
FOXLEY ROAD NURSERIES Annual & Container Plants
THE GENEROUS GARDENER SPECIALIST PLANT SALE Friday June 2nd 10.00am - 2.00pm – Entrance £5.00 The Coach House, Ampney Crucis, Nr Cirencester GL7 5RY
Vegetable & Herb Plants
Call Mel Tanner or visit the website for more information, future Specialist Sales and Garden Lecture Programmes:
thegenerousgardener.co.uk 01285 850256 email@example.com
Foxley Road, Malmesbury, Wiltshire, SN16 0JQ Telephone (01666) 822171 www.foxleyroadnurseries.co.uk
Farmcote Herbs and Chilli Peppers
Marwood Hill Gardens
• Large selection of culinary and medical herbs • Also over 30 varieties of chilli plants available • Pesticide free, of excellent quality - and not hard
Discover the stunning views at Marwood Hill Gardens, 20 acres of private gardens with lakes in North Devon.
on the pocket!
The gardens are a wonderful haven in which to relax and enjoy the impressive collections of plants, shrubs and trees and experience the views and peaceful atmosphere.
• We also plant troughs, bowls and herb planters for our customers
• Our shop sells various chilli chutneys, salsas, dips, chilli sausages, oils and Bhut Jolokia sauce.
Specialist Plant Sales
Farmcote, Near Winchcombe, GL54 5AU Open: Monday & Tuesday 12.00-5.00. Friday, Saturday & Sundays (also bank holidays) 1st May - 27th September, 10.30-5.30 Telephone: 01242 603860 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.farmcoteherbs.co.uk
At Marwood, we aim to provide something a little bit different, something which you can take home.
Tel: 01271 342528 | www.marwoodhillgarden.co.uk Marwood Hill Gardens, North Devon EX31 4EA
Timber Merchants and Fencing Specialists Sawn & round treated timber Decorative Panels • Trellis & Arches Gates-all sizes • Hazel Hurdles Decking & Pergolas
Open Mon-Fri 8am-5pm Sat 8.30am-12 noon Tel: 01386 840 373 Email: email@example.com Web: www.hartwellfencing.co.uk
School of Gardening Slimbridge, Glos w: www.iteachgardening.co.uk Plan your own Borders Sat 3rd June Pruning Shrubs, Roses and Perennials Saturday 8th July Growing and Training Fruit in Small Spaces Saturday 26th August
01453 890820 firstname.lastname@example.org
Thursday - Saturday 10am – 5pm Sundays & Bank Hols 11am – 4pm
BADMINTON HOUSE OPEN GARDENS
Early summer shrubs, perennials and rockery plants.
Badminton, Gloucestershire GL9 1DB
GARDEN DESIGN SERVICE Crowcroft House Farm Leigh Sinton Nr Malvern WR13 5ED
Wykeham Gardens 01684 578381 | 07976 444618 www.wykehamgardens.com
Hoo House Nursery Perennials and Alpines to suit all corners of the garden
Meet The Duchess of Beaufort in the Walled garden for Gardens Q&A
SUNDAY 18th JUNE 10.00am – 5.00pm
Entrance £5.00 Children under 16 FREE
Come and see the Private Gardens of the historic Badminton House, the home of The Duke and Duchess of Beaufort. A map and plant list of the stunning Walled and South garden is included with your entry.
01684 293389 10-5pm Mon-Sat. Sun 11-5pm Hoo House, Gloucester Road, Tewkesbury, GL20 7DA hoohouse.co.uk
Buy plants from Badminton House, professional nurseries and unique gifts from our stallholders. Homemade refreshments served all day. Supporting Dorothy House.
Featured 2016 in RHS The Garden magazine
www.countrygardener.co.uk Badminton House Plant Sale_126Hx84W_2017_03.indd 1
COMPILED BY KATE LEW IS
Events in the Cotswolds
Here’s a selection of gardening events in the Cotswolds for your diary. We take great care to ensure that details are correct at the time of going to press but we do advise readers to check wherever possible before starting out on a journey because sometimes circumstances can force last minute changes.
1st May CHAIR MAKING COURSE Westonbirt, Tetbury, 01666 880559
skill by joining Dyrham Park’s expert team for two days of dry stone walling. 9.30am – 4pm. £70
DAWN CHORUS WILD WALK Batsford Arboretum, Moreton-inMarsh, 01386 701441
Learn how to build a beautiful Windsor chair and develop your chair-making skills on this six-day course led by Paul Hayden and his team.
BARNSLEY FESTIVAL Herbs for Healing, Barnsley, 07773 687493
6th May MAY CELEBRATIONS Hill Close Gardens, Warwick, 01926 493339
Join Batsford birding expert Arthur Ball for a stroll through the Arboretum just before dawn to hear the beautiful dawn chorus. 4am. Season ticket holders £10, others £12 29th April ROMEO & JULIET - DON’T HATE THE PLAYERS THEATRE COMPANY ROMEO Waterperry Gardens, Wheatley, 01844 339254
28th May Celebrate May and the season of spring with traditional Maypole dancing surrounded by displays of spring flowers. 11am - 4pm
Grittleton House, Chippenham. www.action.org.uk/grittleton-plantand-food-fair
WILD GARLIC AT SNOWSHILL Snowshill Manor & Garden, Broadway, 01386 852410
13th & 14th May
GRITTLETON PLANT & FOOD FAIR IN AID OF ACTION RESERACH
8th – 21st May
Experience the sight, scent and taste of Snowshill’s wild garlic. Enjoy wild garlic dishes in the tea-room and take away ideas for cooking with it at home. 11am – 5pm
Shakespeare’s timeless tale of tragedy and forbidden love is brought to life in Waterperry’s stunning outdoor amphitheatre. 2.30pm
Visit Davina Wynne Jones’ herb gardens along with nine other village gardens opening their gates for the Barnsley Festival. 11am – 5pm. £7
DRY STONE WALLING COURSE NT Dyrham Park, Bath, 0117 9372501 Learn an ancient Cotswold country Country Gardener
A special day out for plant lovers and foodies alike. Set in the stunning grounds of Grittleton House, highlights include specialist nurseries and delicious artisan produce. 11am – 3pm. Adults £3, children free A FULL LIST OF GARDENING CLUB AND OTHER ORGANISATIONS EVENTS FOR THE COTSWOLDS STARTS ON PAGE 58
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Allium ursinum, sometimes known as ransom
The delights of
onion f lowers
Gill Heavens selects her favourites from wonderfully colourful alliums -ideal for filling the gap after spring flowers have finished and before the summer ones arrive. They are ideal for filling the gap after spring flowers have finished and before the summer ones get going. Many years ago, as we meandered home from school, my little brother picked some flowers from the path-side for our mother. With a nose crinkled in disgust I said â€œbut they are wild garlic, stinky!â€? When we got home my mum assured him that they were beautiful and lovingly arranged them in a vase. These pretty white flowers, which in my defence are also very smelly, are alliums, more specifically Allium ursinum, sometimes known as ransoms. Over the years I have grown to love this genus of plants, which is thought to contain over 800 different species, most of which are confined to the northern hemisphere. 10
Apart from the indisputable contribution they continue to make to the culinary world, onions, leeks and garlic are all alliums; they also make an exemplary addition to the decorative garden. Alliums belong to the family Alliaceae and typically have umbels of tiny flowers, packed together to form one, great big, gorgeous whole. Mostly they enjoy dry sunny conditions, and well-drained soil, although like any rule worth its salt, there are exceptions. Here are a few of my favourites. Let us begin with Allium sphaerocephalon, the round headed garlic, which is native to Europe and Asia Minor. Actually the head is more egg shaped, with green buds opening to maroon giving a charming tie-dye affect. The flowers are held on slim stems up to 60cm tall. It cleverly produces aerial bulbils in the flower heads. To propagate, just remove the bulbils and plant 1cm deep. The onion that keeps giving!
The golden garlic, Allium moly, flowers in early summer with egg-yolk yellow umbels of star-shaped flowers reaching 25cm high. It will grow in light shade, but will tolerate some sun, making it ideal to brighten the darkness below shrubs. It comes from southern and south-western Europe, and will naturalise easily, producing many offsets. This is a polite way of saying, watch out or it will take over. Allium karataviense, the Kara Tau onion, to my mind should be called the chunky onion. In late spring it sends up thick spikes to a mere 20cm which hold pale pink flowers on a large spherical umbel the size of a tennis ball. A hefty pair of broad glaucous leaves lie prone at the base of the plant. As wide as it is tall, now who does that remind me of? The noble cultivar ‘Ivory Queen’ has pure white flowers. I can rarely resist a plant with the name giganteum in it. Allium giganteum can reach 1.5m in height with strapshaped leaves which die back before flowering. Fortunately it produces strong stems to hold the lilac flower umbels aloft, and they make wonderful spot plants in the border. Another monster is Allium ‘Mount Everest’ whose white flower heads can soar to 1.2m. If it is purest blue you are after, then look no further than Allium caeruleum, the azured flowered garlic. Thirty to 50 sky blue flowers are tightly packed onto the head creating orbs hovering up to 80cm in the air. It is found in the wild in Siberia and Turkesan and will thank you for planting it in a sunny well drained border. There are two American natives worth mentioning. Firstly Allium unifolium which was introduced into this country in 1873. It has large Barbie pink flowers on a domed umbel and looks best when planted en masse. Then there is the nodding onion or lady’s leek, Allium cernuum, which crossed the Atlantic a little earlier in the 19th century. In early summer the pendulous flowers emerge. They are a beautiful rose pink with more than 50 of them held on a loose spherical head. These would make a dramatic statement in a summer meadow. Finally we have two opposing characters. The reliable Allium cristophii, also known as the Star of Persia, starts flowering in late spring and will continue into early summer. The violet blue flowers, with an attractive metallic sheen, contain up to 80 individual blooms and when dried make ideal ornamental seed heads. Allium schubertii, sometimes called the Persain Onion, is the joker in the pack. Reaching 60cm tall, it has pinkish purple flowers which are held on uneven flower stalks, giving the impression of a crazy pink firework. As it is found from southern Syria to Israel, it can be a little tender, so best grown against a warming sunny wall or in pots. These are just a few examples of the alliums available to grow in our gardens. They are ideal for filling the gap after spring flowers have finished and before the summer ones get going. When they have finished flowering the seed heads are decorative, extending their interest right through the year. What is more they provide a great food source for pollinators. As the foliage of many of these species die back as they flower it is as well to use them in a mixed border where other plants can mask the messiness. Unless you like that kind of thing. Admittedly it took me a few years to catch up with my brother’s love of the onion flower, but now I’ve arrived, I’m definitely here for good.
Allium moly flowers in early summer with brilliant egg-yolk yellow umbels
Allium karataviense – grows to the size of a tennis ball
Allium sphaerocephalon - the round headed garlic
Allium giganteum – big, bold and architectural
All summer long
Lavenders are amongst the most easily grown plants for sunny, well drained sites and have long been cherished by gardeners. Now it’s possible to enjoy them over a long season and now is the time to get planting
L. angustifolia ‘Hidcote’ AGM
When it comes to plants that earn their keep, lavender tops all the charts. They look good all year round with neat mounds of narrow grey leaves and the aroma they impart when brushed against is a great delight. Then wonderful spires of purple flowers open in summer and can be cut to make into lavender bags. Some lavenders have great presence as architectural specimens, most are ideal for low hedging while all of them are wonderful for bees. They have renowned medicinal properties, decorative and culinary uses and are great for producing lavender oil. If pruned correctly they should last for years making them fantastically rewarding for very little cost and effort. Although normally associated with early and mid summer with the right selection it is Lavender plants provide possible to enjoy the elegant pathway options serene spectacle of lavenders over a longer season. But choose your lavender variety carefully. Lavender is best planted between April and May as the soil is warming up. It thrives in any poor or L. angustifolia ‘Nana Alba’ 12
moderately fertile, free-draining soils in full sun, and is ideal for chalky or alkaline soils. On heavier soils, like clay and clay loam, lavender tends to be fairly short-lived, becoming woody at the base. To prolong the life of your lavender on heavier soil, add organic matter and gravel to improve the drainage and plant on a mound. If growing as a hedge, plant on a ridge to keep the base of the plants out of wet soil. Space plants three feet apart, or if growing a hedge, a foot apart or 18 inches for larger cultivars. Once established, lavender is fairly droughttolerant and is suitable for coastal planting and gravel gardens. Little feeding is required, although a sprinkling of potash around the base of plants will encourage more prolific flowering and improved flower colour. Don‘t add bulky manure or high nitrogen feed as your lavenders will grow very sappy and flop open.
Growing in pots Lavender can be grown in large pots, using a multipurpose or loam-based compost such as John Innes No 3, with some extra coarse grit, up to 30 per cent by volume, to improve the drainage, and some controlled release fertiliser granules. Ensure that the compost is regularly watered in summer, but for improved cold tolerance, kept on the dry side during winter by standing in a cold greenhouse or in the rain shadow of walls. Most lavender can be grown in pots, but it is ideal for tender types - H3 (half hardy) or H2 (tender), such as Lavendula canariensis, L. dentata var. dentata ‘Royal Crown’ , L. lanata or L. pinnata, which need to be brought undercover during winter and provided with light, well-ventilated conditions.
Pruning Pruning lavender varies according to the type of lavender you’re growing. English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is the most commonly grown and the hardiest lavender of all. It has needle-like silvery leaves and bears short, upright spikes of flower in midsummer. The foliage and flower are very neatly balanced and for this reason English lavender is often used as a low hedge. You prune English lavender by cutting it back by two thirds in the second half of August and you can cut into the bare wood, if needed. New shoots will quickly appear at the base of the bush and these will have enough time to grow and harden up before winter comes. This pruning regime will keep an English lavender plant compact for many years and a wellpruned plant can last for 20 years or more without becoming L. angustifolia Little Lottie ’Clarmo’ woody. You can give English lavender another tidy in April to delay flowering time. This is particularly useful close to roses, because the main flush of lavender follows the June flush of roses. The ‘tufted lavenders’ have a flag-like petal at the top of each thick flower spike and they are often labelled Spanish or French lavenders. They flower much earlier, often in May, but are much less hardy than most garden lavenders. Give them a very gentle trim after the first flush of flowers has faded, often in late June, but don’t ever cut them back hard. It will kill them.
Cultivar Selection Gardeners can be spoilt for choice with lavenders. Some of the best purple-blue flowered English lavender, and good for hedging: L. angustifolia ‘Ashdown Forest’: Grey-green foliage and pale-lavender flowers from early summer. L. angustifolia ‘Hidcote’ AGM: Very popular cultivar with compact, bushy grey-green foliage. Dense, dark-violet flowers on stems from late June.
Dwarf cultivars for low hedging or front of border: L. angustifolia Little Lottie ’Clarmo’ AGM: Very compact grey-green foliage and pale pink flowers, late June. L. angustifolia ‘Nana Alba’ AGM: Light green foliage on a compact plant with profuse white flowers. Variegated foliage: L. angustifolia Garden Beauty ’Lowmar’: Compact, rich yellow variegated leaves in spring fading to cream in summer then green in winter and lavender-purple flowers, mid June. Silver foliage: L. × chaytoriae ‘Sawyers’ AGM: Silvery-grey foliage and tall conical bushy lilac-blue flowers, early July. Pink flowers L. angustifolia ‘Hidcote Pink’: Grey-green foliage and very pale pink/lavender flowers from late June. White flowers L. angustifolia ‘Blue Mountain White’: Pale grey-green foliage and pure white flowers from mid summer.
The best lavenders for bees A study at the University of Sussex has discovered that two lavenders, late blooming ’Edelweiss’ and purple variety ‘Gros Blue’ both reach 30 inches in height followed by the taller cultivar ‘Sussex’. The study found these were the most frequently visited by all bees - most of which were bumblebees.
Taking lavender cuttings French lavenders are short-lived and usually only last for five years. Take lavender cuttings from all your varieties every June and July. Choose young two- to three-inch shoots that have just started to harden up. Trim them under the leaf node, remove the lower leaves and plunge them into a 50 per cent compost-and-horticultural-sand mix. Sow seed collected from dry seedheads. Note that seeds of cultivars will not breed true resulting in a variety of flower colour. L. angustifolia ‘Ashdown Forest’
Vegetable seeds and plants, summer flowering bulbs, propagation and more! Orchard Park, Shaftesbury Road, Gillingham SP8 5JG T: 01747 835544 E: email@example.com MON - SAT 9 - 5.30 SUN 10 - 4.30 Discover spring at www.orchardpark.biz
Toby Buckland's Garden Festival
Friday, April 28th and Saturday, April 29th Powderham Castle, Kenton, Nr Exeter
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What, where and when: Friday, 28th April 10am to 5pm; Saturday, April 29th 10am to 5pm Tickets £12.50p. Children under 16 free. Entry includes admission to Powderham Castle. Free parking. Sorry no dogs other than guide dogs.
Save £2.50p by booking your ticket online at www.tobygardenfest.co.uk by Weds 26th April. www.countrygardener.co.uk
New gardeners ’pest clinic’ There’s a new attraction at the festival this year. It’s in the form of The Gardeners’ Pest Clinic and visitors will be able to bring along their nibbled, mottled and spotty leaves and get advice from Britain’s top plant doctor – Doctor Ian Bedford of the world-famous John Innes Centre in Norwich. Ian will be on hand with his microscope to identify pests and offer advice. Slugs and snails now top the list of UK gardeners’ biggest pest problem, according to figures recently released by the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS). Visitors will also be able to access a new eco-friendly way of dealing with slugs and snails: a deterrent spray from Grazers which applied to leaves stops slugs and snails from nibbling leaves but which doesn’t harm pets or wildlife. Festival visitors wanting advice are asked to bring affected plant leaves in a sealed plastic bag and to head to the Gardeners’ Pest Clinic. An audience with Ian is free and is on a first come, first serve basis.
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Treat yourself to the VIP trip A new, exclusive ‘VIP experience‘ is available at the festival this year for those who want to make it a very special day. The VIP marquee provides a base for visitors whilst enjoying coffee and pastries on arrival, a complimentary glass of fizz and award-winning locally produced food from Manna from Devon. There’s cooking and gardening demonstrations and the chance to mingle with other VIPs and celebrity guests. The VIP experience is sponsored by Exeter firm Hearth & Cook, suppliers of stoves and range cookers for over 40 years. Included in the price is entrance to the garden festival, all-day access to VIP marquee, complimentary glass of champagne, tea and coffee, soft drinks, canapes and buffet from Manna from Devon, gardening and cooking demo’s, cloakroom and goody bag. Tickets £50 each available at www.tobygardenfest.co.uk
FANCY BEING A VOLUNTEER AT THE FESTIVAL? Would you like to lend a helping hand and be actively involved in Toby Buckland's Garden Festival this year? We are looking for volunteers to help out with a variety of tasks over the two days of the popular festival on Friday ,April 28th and Saturday, April 29th. It won't be hard work but hopefully will be fun and you'll be involved in helping us make sure the whole event runs smoothly-generally assisting visitors, making sure they know where facilities are and where to go. We'll make sure you have a full briefing at the start of the day about what to do ,where to go and generally how to help make it a great day out. You can just do a few hours or more if you like. It will be up to you. We'll give you two free tickets for the festival, pay for your lunch and invite you to our Friday early evening festival party for exhibitors, celebrities and guests. It's a great opportunity to be part of what is now the leading gardening event in the South West.
If you'd like to join us as a volunteer just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org 16
Properly layering strawberry plants can make a huge difference to the size and quality of your crop- and the good news is it’s a very straightforward operation Considering their exquisite taste, strawberries are very easy to propagate. You would think that such a luxurious food would be a bit tricky to grow, not at all, propagating strawberries is straightforward and rewarding. The easiest way to propagate strawberries is from an existing strawberry plant that you already have in your garden. Most strawberry cultivars produce young plantlets along their stems, this is a natural process that you can take advantage of.
Propagation by layering Layering of these stems or 'runners' involves pinning the stem to the soil surface or pot of compost and severing the young plantlet when it has taken root. This is best done in late summer. Because strawberries naturally send out these runners and young plantlets root along their lengths it is not always necessary to pin down the stem in order for the plantlet to root. If you want to propagate your own strawberries in your garden it is best to start afresh by investing in a few virus free parent plants from a good nursery. Two or three plants should be enough if you want to propagate enough new plants to fill a strawberry patch. If you already have an established strawberry patch in your garden and are aiming to start another, maybe of a different variety then keep it well away from the established patch which might have virus carrying plants in it. The first thing to do with the parent plants that you intend to propagate from is not to allow them to flower. This encourages them to produce plenty of runners that will produce the young plantlets. As the runners develop and spread out from the parent plants they will root and produce the young plantlets at the points where they root, you can encourage this by pinning the runners down carefully, maybe with a tent peg. Once the young plantlets have rooted, lift them carefully with a handfork or trowel, being careful not to damage the roots. You can then severe the plantlets from the runners and move them to their new home or pot them up and grow them on. Propagating strawberries by layering is by far the easiest method, but new plants can also be grown from seed or large plants can be carefully divided.
During the growing season, give strawberry plants a liquid potash feed – such as a tomato feed – every seven to 14 days. In April or May, apply general fertiliser such as Growmore at a rate of 50g per sq m (2oz per sq yd). In a heated greenhouse or conservatory, it is possible to bring forward flowering by several weeks, so long as the temperature does not go above 16°C (61°F), because this will inhibit flowering. You will also need to hand pollinate the flowers. As fruits start to develop, tuck straw underneath them to prevent the strawberries from rotting on the soil. Otherwise use individual fibre mats if these are not already in position. The straw or matting will also help to suppress weeds. Weeds that do emerge should be pulled out by hand. After cropping has finished, remove the old leaves from summer-fruiting strawberries with secateurs or hand shears. Also remove the straw mulch, fibre mat, or black polythene, to prevent a build-up of pests and diseases. Expect strawberry plants to crop successfully for three years before replacing them. Crop rotation is recommended to minimise the risk of an attack by pests and diseases in the soil.
Strawberry types Summer-fruiting varieties are the largest and most popular. They have a short but heavy cropping period over two or three weeks. There are early, mid-, and late fruiting cultivars cropping from early to mid-summer. Perpetual strawberries – sometimes called everbearers – produce small flushes of fruits from early summer to early autumn. The crops are not so heavy as the summer-fruiting ones and the fruits are smaller, with the plants less likely to produce runners. Perpetual strawberries are useful for extending the season. To concentrate strawberry production in late summer and early autumn, remove the early summer flowers. 17
The gentle art of FORCING VEG Elizabeth McCorquodale takes you through the skills needed to get vegetables to the table ahead of schedule Forcing is the gentle, skilled practice of bringing delightful flavours to the table a little out of season. Forcing – persuading plants to grow earlier than if they were left to their own devices, is different to blanching, which is the practice of excluding light in order to encourage tenderness or to remove bitterness. The reason these two practices are often confused is because some vegetables are forced in the dark, thereby blanching them at the same time. Either way, the art of forcing – and blanching - is simple and rewarding and offers up a new way of coaxing a little extra from your plants. Forcing vegetables was very popular in Victorian times when manure and labour were both cheap and plentiful. Then there were vast glasshouses, forcing sheds and
hotbeds used solely to produce out of season vegetables to impress the neighbours. Today, though, the rhubarb forcer is rather more common in gardens than a forcing shed but for many species it is all you need to provide an extra early crop in the spring. There are several ways of persuading a plant to produce out of season. The easiest way is simply to cover the veg where it is growing with the aforementioned forcer, a terracotta pot which will absorb heat from the weak winter sun; or by gradually mounding it up with insulating materials such as dry soil or by wrapping it in cardboard. For winter and early spring crops plants can be dug and transplanted into pots or boxes and grown on in the protection of a shed, cellar, greenhouse or a hotbed. Seakale grows wild all around our coasts and when left to itself it is tough and bitter but grown under cover in the dark it is a tender and delicious treat. It can be grown outside for a spring crop or indoors for a mid-winter treat. Buy
Moving chicory to boxes in a dark shed will mean you’ll be able to harvest the tight, white heads in four to six weeks
the roots, called thongs, trim them to one bud per root and plant in a permanent bed. For a spring crop force them in situ in late winter by removing all the old leaves, then mound soil around the bare crowns to a depth of 10cm. Just as the shoots reach the top of the mound add another 15cm of soil. The shoots are ready when they reach the top of the mound. For a supply of seakale all through winter lift a few roots, trim away all but one long root per crown and plant these in pots or deep boxes 10cm apart. Cover them to exclude light and place them in a warm spot like a shed or cellar, or under a greenhouse bench in a frost-free greenhouse. Harvest them when the shoots have reached 20 cm tall. Chicory earns its place in the forcing shed not just for its flavour, but because it is so stingingly expensive in the supermarket. Although it doesn’t resemble seakale in appearance it is forced in winter in much the same way, but with one crucial difference. While seakale is very hardy, chicory for forcing is not. During forcing, the temperature must not drop below 10’C. Sow chicory seed in the spring and grow them on until the plants are ready to be transplanted outdoors. In autumn, lift the roots, cut the green top growth down to 3 cm above the soil, and transfer them to boxes in a dark shed. You will be able to harvest the tight, white heads in four to six weeks. Only ‘Witloof’ and the other Belgian chicories are forced out of season. Good King Henry is a perennial that could, until 100 years ago, be found in every garden. It is little troubled by pests or diseases, is hardy and delicious. Usually grown for its leaves, when it is forced in spring you can harvest an extra crop of tender young stalks to cook and enjoy just like asparagus. Choose plants that are at least three years old, place an upturned pot over the crowns and leave them in place until the shoots have grown to about 30cm tall. Cut them to just above ground level and steam or sauté in butter or oil. Take only one crop from each plant every other year. The market for the fat, white stems of forced asparagus is small but for flavour they really can’t be beaten. Choose strong established plants to force over winter from November through to February. Lift the crowns, tidy them up and plant them on a base of 15 cm of soil and cover them with another 15cm of soil. Keep the soil moist and cover with sacking until the shoots break the surface about six weeks after planting. Rest any forced crowns for at least two years before cutting again. Huge and unruly, it is difficult to imagine any way of transforming prickly giant cardoon into a delicacy, but it is, in fact, very easy. In September when most other things in the garden are looking well past their best, arm yourself with a pair of very stout gloves and tie the tall, prickly stalks together and wrap them in corrugated cardboard or thick layers of newspaper to exclude light. Endive, in all its names and guises, is much like a bitter, often colourful, lettuce. There are numerous varieties to choose from, but they all benefit from a three week spell in cool darkness to sweeten them before taking them to the table. Sow seed and grow as normal, and three to four months after sowing transplant your plants into boxes or pots and place them in a cool shed or cellar, or cover individual plants with pots to exclude all light. Endives can be planted in succession to ensure a continuous supply.
After three or four years, when your globe artichoke are tired and need replacing, you can squeeze one last harvest from each plant before sending them to the compost heap. In early autumn of their final year cut the leaves and stems down to about eight inches above ground to force them into new growth. When the new shoots are 60 cm tall tie them all together and wrap them in corrugated cardboard. Leave them for a month or so then cut the stems to sauté or steam. Top: Forced white asparagus can be ready to eat in February Middle: Seakale can be forced to produce a tender and delicious treat Bottom: Good King Henry - tender young stalks can be cooked and enjoyed just like asparagus
Pygmy Pinetum NURSERY & GARDENS MAY is a wonderful time of the year and our Display Gardens are bursting with life. Our stocks of Trees, Shrubs, Roses, Climbers and Perennials
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The Harlequin ladybird was introduced from Asia to North America in the 1980s to control aphids that were feeding on crops
Ladybirds – THE GOOD AND THE BAD! Did you know there are good and bad ladybirds in gardens these days – and telling them apart is difficult Who would have thought it? Pretty little ladybirds loved by children so much through the years that their name adorns the famous series of books, but now some pose a threat to plants – and other ladybirds. There are good and bad ladybirds in some parts of the UK these days. While the black and red spotted ladybirds are good for the garden, killing off thousands of aphids and other insects, there are others, notably the larger Harlequin ladybirds that have swept in from abroad are definitely not the gardener’s friend, and there were reports last autumn of swarms of them. Distinguishing the good ones from the bad is not easy – and there are a lot of ladybird species around. Ladybirds are beetles of the order Coleoptera. They have biting mouth parts and colourful hard wing cases. In Britain there are 46 coccinellid species (from the Latin meaning scarlet), with 26 species recognisable as ladybirds. Ladybirds are regarded as beneficial to the garden as they eat lots of insects that damage plants, such as aphids, scale insects and thrips. Some ladybirds such as the 16-spot, 22-spot and orange varieties feed on mildew which also damages garden plants. There are just a couple of species, the 24-spot and the bryony varieties, that feed on plant material. But Harlequin ladybirds pose a threat to our native ladybirds because they have such voracious appetites that they easily out-compete native ladybirds for food. It is almost certainly the reason why our two-spot ladybird is now so scarce. The Harlequin ladybird was introduced from Asia to North America in the 1980s to control aphids that were feeding on crops. However, they quickly spread across the United States to become the most common ladybird there. Its arrival in Britain in 2004 was probably accidental but it might have blown over in strong winds following its spread across Europe where it was introduced from North America, again for aphid control. More than 100 different colour patterns have been recorded which makes it difficult to identify them, especially from the seven-spot ladybird, which is also variable. Unlike most other ladybirds, the Harlequin doesn’t stick to one type of food. Once it has finished feeding on aphids in the crops it then turns its
attention to other ladybird eggs and larvae and even the eggs and caterpillars of moths and butterflies. The Harlequin ladybird is also known as the multicoloured ladybird, because the colour patterns of these beetles vary so much. The first specimen of Harmonia axyridis (its scientific name) was identified by Carl Linnaeus, the 18th-century scientist who named and classified many organisms; it was of the chequer pattern colour variant, and so he called it the Harlequin. In America, it is often called the Halloween ladybug (although it is a beetle, not a bug), since it can be seen gathering in houses about that time of year.
How to tell a Harlequin ladybird from British species
If it is less than 5mm (1/5 in) in length, it is not a Harlequin ladybird. If it is red with seven black spots it’s a 7-spot ladybird. If it has white or cream spots it is a striped ladybird, an orange ladybird or a cream-spot ladybird. If it is large, dark red with 15 black spots it’s an eyed ladybird. If it is black with four or six red spots, with two spots at the front of the outside margin of the elytra (the wing case) it’s a melanic form of the two-spot ladybird. If it has an orange pronotum and fine hairs over the elytra it’s a bryony blackbird. It sounds complicated and it doesn’t help that the Harlequin ladybird is very variable in appearance. The main thing is that they will be bigger than the usual ladybird, with black wings instead of red, and red spots instead of black. They won’t harm you but you may not like too many in the house, so just catch any in a glass, cover it with paper and put it outside. The advice is not to squash any ladybirds in case they are a native species. Report any sightings of any ladybirds to the Ladybird Survey so that a picture can be built up of the activity of Harlequin and native species in the UK. You can find an online form to fill in at www.ladybird-survey.org or write to The UK Ladybird Survey, CEH Biological records Office, Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB.
VICTORIAN GARDEN SECRETS
– the father of amateur gardening by Vivienne Lewis
The bestselling Victorian garden writer with the unusual name brought gardening to the masses in this country in the 1870s with his books and journalism including the magazine Amateur Gardening, still published today In the 1870s amateur gardeners were trying to copy the complicated carpet bedding style. Then seen in parks and great gardens, with patterns of plants created in all colours and shapes. The idea was that carpet bedding emulated the popular Oriental carpets to be seen in many Victorian sitting rooms. It was hard work, planting out hundreds of tiny plants to a template design. One of the bestselling garden writers of the period spoke out against this, well before better known writers William Robinson and Gertrude Jekyll. His name was unusual – James Shirley Hibberd, and he became a household name. Shirley Hibberd is sometimes thought of as an archetypical Victorian who loved elaborate plantings, but he opposed it for the amateur gardeners he wrote for, saying that it wasn’t suitable for small domestic gardens. Today the gardens he created are long gone and his books were out of print for many years before facsimile editions were produced, but he should be remembered as a pioneer of promoting gardening for the masses in his books and the magazines he edited, including the popular Amateur Gardening, still published today. He was not brought up in a leafy middle class area or in a rural part of the country and he had no connection with gardening until later in life. He was born in 1825 in the Mile End Road
Victorian gardens started to emulate designs found on Oriental carpets in living rooms 22
in Stepney, east London, the son of a retired sea captain who went on to become a printer. His father died when he was in his teens and he became a bookbinder and bookseller. There are lots of references to his writings in books about the history of gardening, but he remained an obscure figure of the past until the garden historian Anne Wilkinson researched his life, eventually writing his biography. In 1998 she published a paper on Shirley Hibberd in the journal of the Garden History Society, and that told us a lot more about this man who had been so influential in Victorian gardening for the general public, and a pioneer in the horticultural industry. The intriguing second name ‘Shirley’ could be because of a connection to the wealthy Shirley family who had owned land in the Mile End area in the previous century. James Shirley Hibberd was primarily a journalist and writer. He became interested in vegetarianism for a while and contributed to the journal of the Vegetarian Society (he was possibly also the editor). This lasted about three years; he was also an ‘operative chemist’, the name for scientists who lectured, often to medical students as well as carrying out some research. He published a book on chemistry for beginners in 1850, the first of a range of about 15 books, and as his interest in gardening increased he published books on various aspects of gardening including conservatory and greenhouse gardening, on roses, ferns, ivy and vegetables. He edited gardening magazines apart from founding Amateur Gardener. He wrote from personal experience as an amateur gardener to other amateur gardeners, trialling varieties of flowers, fruits and vegetables, introducing innovative horticultural methods, some of which worked better than others. He was particularly interested in the potato, after the famine in Ireland, and trialled 200 varieties. Sadly, although he moved around and so made more than one garden, none have survived – his gardens and houses were in suburbia but later the capital’s development encroached on these areas and now there are rows of houses and blocks of flats covering the sites.
His communication skills were honed by his time as a lecturer and he became a popular after-dinner speaker. Weekly newspapers and magazines were the popular medium of the day and he became a famous figure. His perhaps best known book, Rustic Adornments for Homes of Taste published in 1856, went into several editions, one the following year. The book covered various aspects of gardening as well as bee keeping, fern growing, aquariums and keeping birds, making summer houses and growing plants in the elegant glass Wardian cases that had started out as a way of transporting plants by long sea voyages but became fancy, miniature glasshouses for keeping plants in domestic parlours. There had been books published before on these subjects but Shirley Hibberd put them in a single volume with illustrations and quotations from poetry. It appealed to the growing middle classes who aspired to having lovely homes without spending a fortune and could not afford employing expensive labour. In 1858 he moved with his wife Sarah to a house with a long garden in Stoke Newington; he began editing The Floral World and Garden Guide, a monthly newspaper for amateur gardeners and used the renovation of his garden to show practical gardening to his readers. As the garden progressed they read about the emergence of a rockery, a fern garden, jardiniere, fruit and vegetable experiments. He wrote about plunging plants in pots into the border to spruce it up when it lacked colour and interest. The amateur gardening market was growing but it was still small and the gardening publications of the day were used to addressing the owners of large gardens and estates and their teams of professional gardeners. Shirley Hibberd wrote about town gardens that weren’t grand and needed plants resilient to smoky conditions, and other garden writers such as John Lindley, the editor of The Gardeners’ Chronicle were forced to acknowledge the changing pattern of gardening in this country. James and Sarah Shirley Hibberd moved house a couple more times and created more gardens, and next to one of them he made an experimental garden from a rough field exposed to the east wind, making a specially designed shed for his bees, breeding dark coloured poultry so that thieves couldn’t see them at night, and glasshouses – which were wrecked along with crops in a hurricane and hail storm in July 1874. Windows in his house were smashed, and local market gardens and nurseries were so devastated that he set up a fund to help them.
Sarah was a semi invalid with a heart defect (she used to look after the fernery glasshouse, unable to do more); she died aged 56 in 1880 after 30 years of marriage. They had no children. Shirley Hibberd remarried four years later his cook Ellen Mantle aged 28 and 31 years his junior. In 1885 they had a daughter also called Ellen but known as Nellie; while the baby survived, Ellen died four days later of septicaemia. Some of his ideas on fruit pruning and vegetable growing were ridiculed but he remained an influential figure, starting Amateur Gardening in 1884, and he was a constant public speaker. He edited a scientific journal, revived the Royal Horticultural Society’s garden at Chiswick and organised international conferences. He died in 1890, quite suddenly, from exhaustion during a conference he had organised on the centenary of the introduction of chrysanthemums to Britain. We have to thank Anne Wilkinson for delving into the life of an extraordinary Victorian who helped so many ordinary gardeners in fulfil their dream of an attractive garden without outside help, a man who in his time was as famous as Alan Titchmarsh is now, but who was forgotten about for so long. If you want to read more about James Shirley Hibberd, look out for Anne Wilkinson’s biography of him entitled Shirley Hibberd: the Father of Amateur Gardening, His Life and Works 18251890, and there are several classic facsimile editions available, including Rustic Adornments for Homes of Taste and the lesser known Brambles and Bayleaves: Essays on the Homely and the Beautiful.
GARDEN Visits THE BEST GARDENS TO VISIT compiled by Vivienne Lewis
Gardens with water features Having a water feature in a garden, however small, gives it a completely different dimension. The sound of water trickling, the way water catches the light, give a calming experience, and it often attracts wildlife too, so that in spring you may have frogs and tadpoles while on summer days you can see dragonflies flitting about. Here’s a selection of gardens opening for charity in the areas we cover with a variety of water features ranging from lakes and a massive fountain to small streams and ponds.
STANWAY FOUNTAIN & WATER GARDEN
Stanway, Cheltenham GL54 5PQ There can be few more spectacular water features than Stanway’s 300ft gravity fountain, the world’s highest and the centrepiece of one of the most interesting Baroque water gardens in Britain, which opens for the National Gardens Scheme on Sunday 7th May, 2pm-5pm. There are 20 acres of planted landscape in an early 18th century formal setting; the fountain runs for 30 minutes at 2.45pm and 4pm. www.stanwayfountain.co.uk
Shute Road, Kilmington, Axminster, Devon EX13 7ST
This lovely three-acre garden has two ponds and a bog garden with interesting displays of bog primulas and other plants, colour emerging in the flower beds and rhododendrons and azaleas under mature trees, extensive shrubberies and a small orchard - all coming into blossom and leaf. Open for Devon Hospiscare on Sunday 14th May, 1.30pm-5pm. Admission: By donation. Teas. Limited wheelchair access, dependent on state of ground. Dogs allowed on short leads. No parking at property, parking on Shute Road. 24
Broadway Road, Winchcombe, GL54 5JN A trip to Japan inspired Richard Wakeford to create a pool right up against his house; visitors can enjoy the planting and sculptures by which it is surrounded on the NGS open days on Saturday 20th and Sunday 21st May, 11am5.30pm. The main lawn is fringed by a splendid semi-circle of trees, all planted by the Wakefords, and wonderfully colourful in May. The garden opening also coincides with an annual sculpture selling exhibition.
Chippenham Lane, Biddestone, Wiltshire SN14 7DJ A longer opening than usual to enjoy the peaceful acres of wide lawns, lakes and ponds, arboretum, wild flowers, kitchen garden, cutting garden and fruit garden. Open for the NGS: Sunday 28th May, 3pm-7pm. Admission £5, children free. Bring a picnic or cheese and wine served. Refreshments in aid of Biddestone Village & Recreation Trust. Wheelchair access to most parts, a few steps, help always available.
LITTLE YARFORD FARMHOUSE
Kingston St Mary, Taunton, Somerset TA2 8AN
ST MONICA TRUST
Cote Lane, Westbury on Trym, Bristol BS9 3UN A mix of old established borders and new planting, formal and informal, in the gardens of the retirement community, with an impressive tree collection (tree guide available), ponds and woodlife area, and scented garden. Open for the NGS: Sunday 28th May, 10.30am-3pm. Admission: £5. Children free. Light refreshments, in aid of St Monica Trust.
Brian Bradley’s unusual five-acre garden around a 17th century house (not open) with views within the garden and out to the vale and the Quantock Hills, three ponds and a fine tree collection, with more than 300 rare and unusual cultivars, both broad leaf and conifer, all differing in form and colour, trees listed on the NGS website at www.ngs.org.uk Guided tours of trees at 2pm & 3.30pm. Open for the NGS: Friday 12th May, 11am-5pm, light refreshments; Saturday 13th May, Sunday 14th May, 2pm5.30pm, cream teas; Monday 15th May, 11am-5pm, light refreshments. Admission £4.50, children free. Refreshments in aid of St Thomas church Sat/Sun. Mostly wheelchair access. Dogs allowed. Visitors also welcome by arrangement May to October. Telephone: 01823 451350 or email firstname.lastname@example.org 25
GARDENS T O V ISI T WATER FEATURES
Allington, Chippenham, Wiltshire SN14 6LW Informal country garden of one and a half acres around a 17th century farmhouse (not open); a white garden with fountain, colour-themed borders, pergola with clematis and roses, walled potager, small orchard with chickens and wildlife pond. Open for the NGS: Sunday 28th May, Monday 29 May (2 - 5pm). Admission £4, children free. Home-made teas. Visitors also welcome by arrangement February to June for groups. Mainly level with ramp into potager. Dogs allowed on leads. Telephone: 01249 447436. Email: email@example.com www.allingtongrange.com
Shalden Lane, Shalden, Alton, Hampshire GU34 4DU A three-acre garden with wonderful views, herbaceous borders and sloping lawns down to a reflection pond, wild flower meadow, lime avenue, rose and kitchen garden. Marcus Dancer will be selling his selection of clematis. Open for the NGS: Saturday 27th May, 1.30pm5pm. Admission £4, children free. Refreshments in aid of Shalden Church.
BOCOMBE MILL COTTAGE
Bocombe, Parkham, Bideford, Devon EX39 5PH
An undulating landscape of five acres with streams, three bog gardens, pools, 12 water features, a Japanese pavilion with Buddha cascade, shell grotto and hermitage with a real hermit, a hillside orchard, soft fruit and kitchen gardens and a wild meadow. Circular walk of around a mile boots suggested. Open for the NGS: Saturday 27th May, Sunday 28th May, Monday 29th May, Saturday 10th June, Sunday 11th June, 12pm5pm. Admission £4.50, child £1. Home-made teas and ploughman’s lunches. Visitors also welcome by arrangement March to September for groups of 10+. Contact Mr Chris Butler & Mr David Burrows on 01237 451293 or visit the website at www.bocombe.co.uk
Fletching, Uckfield, Sussex TN22 3ST Lady Collum’s six-acre garden overlooking parkland with old roses, a William Pye water feature, double white and blue herbaceous borders, yew hedges, pleached lime walks, a copy of an 17th century scented herb garden, medieval style potager, vine and rose allée, wild flower garden, canal garden, small knot garden, shady glade and orchard. Opening for the NGS: Sunday 7th May, Monday 12th June, Monday 26th June, Monday 31st July, 2pm-5.30pm. Admission £6, children free. Home-made teas. For other opening times please phone 01825 722952, email garden@ clintonlodge.com or visit www.clintonlodgegardens.co.uk. 26
Wall Hill, Forest Row, Sussex RH18 5EG Adele and Jules Speelman’s five-acre Japanese inspired gardens are planted with mature rhododendrons, azaleas and acers surrounding large pond with boathouse, rockery and waterfall, beneath the home of the late Sir Archibald McIndoe (house not open); Japanese tea house and courtyard. Open for the NGS: Friday 19th May, Saturday 20th May, 2pm-5pm. Admission £5, children free. Home-made teas. Also open: 2 Quarry Cottages. This garden also makes a donation to St Catherine’s Hospice, Crawley.
THE BRIDGE MILL
Mill Road, Bridgerule, Holsworthy, Devon EX22 7EL This historic water mill was restored to working order in 2012, with an acre of organic gardens, including a small cottage garden, a herb garden, fruit and vegetable garden, woodland and water garden, a 16-acre smallholding open for lake and riverside walks through wildflower meadows. Open for free educational visits throughout the year to school groups. Open for the NGS: Sunday 28th May, 11am-5pm. Admission £4, children free. Home-made teas. Wheelchair access to part of garden. WC with access for wheelchairs. Visitors also welcome by arrangement May & June for groups of 15+. Contact Rosie & Alan Beat on 01288 381341 or email firstname.lastname@example.org www.thebridgemill.org.uk
Legsheath Lane, near Forest Row, Sussex RH19 4JN
Nettlecombe, Bridport, Dorset DT6 3SS Intriguingly, a monks’ rest house with stew pond and dovecote, south-facing gardens on four levels with ancient monastic route, in approximately four acres. Many old trees and old roses, a haven for bees and butterflies. Open for the NGS: Thursday 25th May, Tuesday 6th June, 12pm-5pm. Admission £4, children free. Light refreshments. Dogs on leads. Partial wheelchair access, gravel and stone paths, steps. 150 yard walk from car park, limited parking by house.
THE OLD RECTORY
Litton Cheney, Dorchester, Dorset DT2 9AH
Panoramic views over Weirwood Reservoir in Mr and Mrs M Neal’s ten-acre garden with woodland walks, water gardens and formal borders, wild orchids, a fine Pocket Handkerchief Tree, acers, eucryphia, rhododendrons and different species of meconopsis. Open for the NGS (and donation to Holy Trinity Church, Forest Row): Sunday 21st May, 2 pm4.30pm. Admission £5, children free. Home-made teas. Visitors also welcome by arrangement April to September for groups of 15+.
Steep paths lead to four acres of natural woodland with springs, streams, two pools, one a natural swimming pool with native plants. The formal front garden designed by Arne Maynard has a pleached crabtree border, topiary and tulips, peonies, roses and verbascums. A walled garden with kitchen garden, orchard and 350 rose bushes for a cut flower business. Open for the NGS: Sunday 7th May, Wednesday 10th May, Sunday 2nd July, Wednesday 5th July, 2pm-5pm. Admission £6, children free. Home-made teas. Not suitable for wheelchairs. Dogs allowed. Telephone: 01308 482266
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Country Gardener GGP Country Gardener 260x170 FAW.indd 1
GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T
gardening in mind DAyS ouT WiTH GARDENS AND
May is a special time of year for gardeners and garden lovers – especially with what is on offer when it comes to taking a relaxing day off. We are heading for the busiest time of year for garden openings, plant fairs and garden shows. So isn’t it time you planned and treated yourself to a trip out? Perhaps taking a break from the hard work in the garden or just getting away from a busy lifestyle. The many beautiful gardens throughout the Cotswold’s, south of England and south west are also now ready to welcome visitors. There’s a huge choice of where to go and what to do. We’ve just a few ideas for you to think about – all with gardens and gardening in mind. Whatley Manor ‘garden rooms’ are a visitor’s delight Nestled in the heart of the Cotswolds, Whatley Manor Hotel and Spa boasts 12 acres of gardens created by garden designer, Elizabeth Richardson, who used the original 1920s plans and realised a design that recreates an English country house garden, complete with beautifully manicured lawns.
The gardens are divided into 26 distinct areas or ‘garden rooms’, each one leading to another, a series of quiet areas to take in the peaceful Wiltshire countryside. Each ‘room’ has its own theme, whether based on colour, scent or style. This year, there are new plans for the rose garden as well as the refurbishment of the summerhouse to create a summer snug. www.whatleymanor.com Whatley Manor, Easton Grey, Malmesbury SN16 0RB Thatched holiday cottage an idyllic retreat Set in three quarters of an acre of beautiful landscaped gardens, surrounded by fields and nestled within easy reach of the market town of Romsey, Hampshire, this cosy, homely thatched country cottage provides a peaceful location, ideal for a relaxed holiday break for up to five people. Many places of interest are closeby such as Mottisfont Abbey gardens and the New Forest National Park which offers ample walking, cycling and other outdoor pursuits as well as wildlife spotting opportunities. There is parking for two cars. Call Mrs Crane 01794 340460 on for further information.
GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T May delights at Harland Abbey May is a perfect time to visit Hartland Abbey gardens on the north Devon coast. The tulips dazzle visitors to the walled gardens and the huge, ancient wisteria over the front door fills the house with its heavy scent. Bluebells and wildflowers line the walks to the beach and the gardens and foxgloves spring up where St Nectan walked with his head under his arm! The house is filled with the pot plants grown in the greenhouses. The cliffs on the Hartland Abbey Estate are a wonderful sight with their carpets of wildflowers. www.hartlandabbey.com
green of the beech trees and fill the air with exotic perfumes. Wild blue bells and campions abound by a pretty Dartmoor stream and the ‘hankies’ on Lukesland’s popular Davidia trees are a picture. Dogs welcome on a lead. open Sundays, Wednesdays and Bank Holidays from 11am –to 5pm until 11th June. For details go to www.lukesland.co.uk or www.facebook. com/lukeslandgardens or phone 01752 691749
Alpine Garden Society show is a Cotswold’s summer highlight The Alpine Garden Society’s plant sale and show at Pershore College, Worcestershire, on Saturday, 1st July is a summer Elkstone set to show of its very best highlight. Specialist nurseries will offer a wide range of alpines, There’s a chance to amble through some beautiful gardens in woodland plants, dwarf shrubs and unusual bulbs often difficult the lovely Cotswold village of Elkstone on Sunday, 11th June and to find elsewhere. Hundreds of specimen plants brought along see it in a way detail not normally accessible to visitors. Amble for exhibition by AGS members from around the country. There through gardens, browse stalls, enjoy cream teas, homemade will be plenty of experts on hand to answer questions about cakes or ice creams, play garden games, enjoy a tractor ride how to grow these wonderful plants, as well as gardening and through farmland with sensational views. plant books for sale. open from 10am to 4pm. Pershore College Visit the beautiful Norman church, the highest in the Cotswolds, Pershore , Worcs WR10 3JP hear the bells, visit the bell tower, emerging wild flower meadow £100 off when visiting the gardens of the Veneto and bug houses .open 2pm- 6pm. The gardens of the Villa Barbarigo Pizzoni near Padua take the Adults £5, children free, Parking included. No dogs. form of an amphitheatre surrounded by hills, and reached by www.elkstonevillage.co.uk avenues containing all the attributes of an italian garden: box hedges, lemon trees, sculpture, water features including water Dazzling spring colour at Lukesland Gardens games that may soak the unsuspecting visitor. Discover this Lukesland Gardens, in a hidden valley just north of ivybridge, and more of the gardens of the intriguing Veneto region on the South Devon, offers spring delights for all ages. Brilliant banks departure on 6th September. Maximum of 14 people on the of azaleas and rhododendrons are luminous against the new
Become a Member Now and Receive a £5 AGS Book Voucher, Plus: • FOUR copies of our full colour 128-page Journal each year • Free entry to our Plant Sales and Shows • Big discounts on gardening and plant books • Access to our seed exchange - the largest in the world!
You will be supporting our charitable research and conservation work. Call 01386 554790 today or visit our website quoting R221 for this limited membership offer.
tour. Prices from £2,140 per person. Expressions Holidays is offering Country Gardener readers a reduction of £100 per person for booking this Veneto tour before Friday, 30th June. Contact Expressions Holidays on 01392 441275 for full details. www.expressionsholidays.co.uk
Rhododendrons an early summer highlight at Bowood House Bowood House and gardens, near Calne in Wiltshire, stands in one of ‘Capability’ Brown’s most beautiful and wellpreserved parklands. open until 1st November, it offers a variety of gardens to visit, from the beautiful terrace gardens surrounding the house to the monthly guided tour of Lord and Lady Lansdowne’s private walled garden. Located two miles from Bowood House arethe spectacular woodland gardens which open from 28th April to early June displaying a vista of colour, covering 30 acres of bluebells, azaleas, magnolias and rhododendrons. Bowood House, designed by Robert Adam holds a wealth of unique art and a fascinating antique collection. www.bowood.org Bowood House, Derry Hill, Calne SN11 oLZ.
Cerney Gardens - a ‘romatic secret’ Cerney Gardens is a romantic ‘secret garden’ in 40 acres of Cotswolds parkland with a walled garden. A vibrant riot of colour is appearing throughout the garden as the herbaceous borders awaken. in the walled garden, ‘the knot garden’ is brimming with colourful tulips and the collection of oriental poppies starts to appear which adds to the colour and drama with their vivid reds and pinks. Enjoy the peacefulness and tranquillity of nature on a bluebell woodland walk. open seven Gravity fountain focal point for Cotswold manor days a week. 10am to 5pm. £5 entry, £1 for children. Dogs on leads welcome. www.cerneygardens.com The spectacular gravity fountain at Stanway House is the Cerney Gardens Cerney House, North Cerney, Cirencester GL7 7BX world’s highest, reaching 300ft, a focal point for the Cotswolds manor lived in by the same family since the 16th century. The Little Malvern Court –gardens at their May best house and gardens are open throughout June, July and August, The gardens at Little Malvern Court sit below the wooded Tuesdays and Thursdays, 2pm-5pm. The fountain plays at slopes of the Malvern Hills, with views across the Severn Valley certain set times, subject to drought and other adverse weather to Brendon Hills and the Cotswolds. Particular features to look conditions. . www.stanwayfountain.co.uk out for in May include the beautiful pots of tulips, grouped Stanway House and gardens Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, according to colour, surrounding the house. The many and GL54 5PQ. varied magnificent flowering cherries and crab apple trees are Hellens Garden Festival a ‘must-visit’ event in blossom. Wildflowers begin to appear in the grass banks and lovely blue camassias pop up in the tall grass of the meadow. in A ‘must go to’ weekend event in June is the Hellens Garden the rose garden, alliums literally burst into flower and the early Festival, on Saturday and Sunday 10th and 11th June. This roses start to open. Tel: 01684 892988. littlemalverncourt.co.uk festival shimmers in the glorious meadow and gardens of
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Hartland Abbey & Gardens A special day out in a spectacular, wild corner of North Devon
Visit this historic family home with its fascinating architecture, collections and exhibitions. Beautiful 18thC walled and woodland gardens, bluebell and wildflower walks to the beach. Wonderful tulips. * Delicious light lunches & cream teas * * Dogs welcome * Holiday Cottages * House, Gardens and Café: March 26th - Oct 1st Sun to Thurs 11am - 5pm (House 2pm - last adm. 4.15pm)
HOME OF DEVON
For all information and events see www.hartlandabbey.com Hartland, Nr. Bideford EX39 6DT 01237441496/234 (Only 1 mile to Hartland Quay)
RETURN VISIT TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
10th & 11th June
Photo: Anya Mittelholzer
Hellens Manor, Much Marcle, HR8 2LY
• Engaging exhibitors • Creative, fun activities • Knowledgable plant sellers • Inspired talks and walks
Visit the Earl of Devon’s 600 year old family home Entertaining Guided Tours for all ages. Friendly Animals, Deer Park Safari, Adventure Play Castle & Zip Slide, Treasure Trails and much more! Famous Themed Weeks and Special Events all Season. Open 1 April to 27 October 2017. Sun to Fri 11.00 to 4.30. 8 miles from M5 Jctn 30/Exeter on the A379 Dawlish Road. TEL: 01626 890243
Charity No. 1130829
Trade stands - hobbies - art - live music - vintage, retro & antiques...
Arena events - floral marquee - crafts - food hall - children’s activities
AT GRE ILY 17th & 18th June FAM OUT! AXMINSTER DAY www.axevalefestival.org.uk
One of the finest gardens in Britain
Buckland Monachorum, Yelverton, Devon PL20 7LQ 01822 854769 email@example.com
Cerney House Gardens A Romantic English Garden in the UK Cotswolds 46 acres of Cotswold parkland Romantic secret garden * Wildlife and woodland walks * Plants for sale * Walled garden with roses and herbaceous borders * Refreshments available at the old Bothy Open from Saturday 28th January 10-5pm Admission: £5 adults, £1 children Dogs welcome
Telephone 01285 831300 www.cerneygardens.com Cerney House Gardens, The Garden House, North Cerney, Cirencester, Gloucestershire GL7 7BX
May Fairs 14th May Winterbourne House and Gardens, Birmingham B15 2RT
28th May Kingston Bagpuize House, Oxfordshire OX13 5AX www.rareplantfair.co.uk Please visit our website for full details of admission fees and times of opening. 32
Just some of our upcoming events...
Tulips in May ‘A landscape of Objects’ exhibition Seasonal flower workshops Family fun in the gardens
GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T Hellens Manor, offering visitors a delightful experience of the glory of nature and gardening. Acclaimed landscape designer Sir Roy Strong will be giving a talk reflecting the festival theme, ‘Growing Today for all our Tomorrows’. you can buy from knowledgeable plants people and varied exhibitors, engage with creative childrens’ activities, listen and join inspired talks and walks, sample delicious local food and drink, discover the new sculpture trail and beautiful standing stones in the dreamy meadow. For full details www.hellensgardenfestival.co.uk Bishop’s Palace announces third summer festival The third English Country Garden Festival takes place at The Bishop’s Palace and Gardens in Wells, from Friday 9th to Sunday 11th June. The event, first launched by Alan Titchmarsh, is a celebration of the horticultural heritage held within the plantsman’s paradise of the palace and gardens. Visitors can experience the award winning gardens, which recently featured on BBC Gardener’s World, filled with talks, stalls, hands-on demonstrations, refreshments, entertainment, top gardening personalities, a full schedule of activities and inspirational ideas on how best to use and enjoy their gardens. other activities will include a range of ‘have a go’ skills and crafts including flower arranging, felting, card crafting, a ‘Gardener’s SoS’ giving advice on all nature of gardening problems and issues, barbeque food on the South Lawn, live music and an ‘English Country Ceilidh’ on Saturday afternoon.
Tickets are £6.99 in advance and £7.99 on the door (Concessions £5.90 and £6.90) and available from the Palace Shop, by telephone on 01749 988 111 or on the website. 10am to 5pm The Bishop’s Palace & Gardens, Wells, Somerset. BA5 2PD. Tel: 01749 988111. www.bishopspalace.org.uk Friars Court celebrates 100 years family residency with summer garden openings Friars Court, on the edge of the village of Clanfield, oxfordshire, home of the Willmer family is celebrating 100 years of their residency this year. owner Charles Willmer is opening his gardens to share their beauty throughout the summer. Friars Court dates back to the 12th century when it was established as the first Hospitallery under the Monastic orders of St John in oxfordshire. The Willmer family have been in the house since 1917. Designer Jeffrey Cleaver and gardener Kris Hellard have divided the grounds into a series of ‘garden rooms’.. These areas include the moat ponds, fire border, the rainbow bed, a rose garden and privy garden. The gardens are open for the National Garden Scheme on Monday 29th May 2pm until 6pm then re-opens every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon during June, July and August. Visitors can enjoy these peaceful gardens at leisure and follow their transition through the years in the new museum and exhibition with pictures and historical artefacts on show. Friars Court, Clanfield, Bampton oX18 2Su www.friarscourt.com or call 01367 810206.
ITALIAN GARDEN HOLIDAYS Small group tours with guided visits of Italian gardens
Travel by luxury small •coach
TUSCANY Visits to: Poggio Torselli, Villa Vignamaggio, Villa Geggiano, Villa Grabau, Villa Reale 2017: 4 Jun, 25 Jun, 10 Sep From £2,350 per person
14 people •perMaximum tour Local guides and guided •garden visits included
LAKES COMO AND MAGGIORE Visits to: Villa Babbianello, Villa Carlotta, Villa Monastero, Isola Bella, Isola Madre 2017: 9 May, 23 May, 6 Jun, 27 Jun, 5 Sep From £2,290 per person
Stay at 4 and 5 star •hotels, two per tour, 3 nights in each British Airways flights •included
AMALFI COAST, CAPRI AND ISCHIA Visits to: Villa Rufolo, Caserta, Villa San Michele Axel Munthe, La Mortella 2017: 4 May, 18 May, 8 June, 14 Sep From £2,280 per person
to each tour •canExtensions be arranged SPEAK TO OUR EXPERTS
ENVIRONS OF ROME Visits to: Villa d’Este, Bomarzo, Villa Lante, Giardino di Ninfa, Landriana 2017: 10 May, 17 May, 7 Jun, 6 Sep From £2,250 per person VENETO Visits to: Villa Barbarigo, Villa Emo, Villa Pisani, Giardino Giusti, Villa Rizzardi 2017: 7 Jun, 6 Sep From £2,240 per person Country Gardener 6 Oct 2016 MH FIN.indd 1
THE ART OF INTELLIGENT TRAVEL ORGANISING FOUNDED 1989
GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T Rare Plant Fair Season Continues in May The popular programme of Rare Plant Fairs continues in May with two events. on May 14th it’s a return to Winterbourne House and Gardens in Birmingham-a rare surviving example of an early 20th century suburban villa and garden, built for industrialist John Nettlefold in 1903 for his growing family. Then the largest in the series of fairs, with over 30 participating exhibitors, takes place at Kingston Bagpuize House, near Abingdon, oxfordshire, on Sunday, May 28th. This 18th century house is in a unique setting on the edge of The White Horse Vale, and surrounded by gardens and parkland. Both fairs run Cadhay opens doors for another impressive season Cadhay, near ottery St Mary, one of the top manor houses in the from 11am-4pm. Visit www.rareplantfair.co.uk for full details of all the 14 events, country, opens its doors for another season on Friday, May 5th including a list of the exhibitors attending each one. at 2pm The current house was built circa 1550 and the fine timber Cerne Abbas celebrates 42nd year opening roof dating between 1420 and 1450 can still be seen. The Cerne Abbas open Gardens celebrates its 42nd opening this year surrounding gardens are understated, gracious and beautiful. over the weekend of Saturday, 17th and Sunday, 18th June, the Double sided herbaceous borders, backed by yew hedges contain proceeds benefiting local charities. About 25 private gardens a mixture of popular shrubs and roses, which will provide which are normally hidden from view will be open from 2pm to an impressive show throughout the coming months. Lawns 6pm. Day ticket for entry to all gardens £6, accompanied children and irish yews lead you to the medieval fish ponds which are free, tickets available in the car park (open from 11am) or in the surrounded by native bog plants. village square from 1pm. All the gardens are within easy walking www.cadhay.org.uk open 2pm – 5pm, every Friday between distance of free carpark (postcode DT2 7GD). Tea and cake served Friday, May 5th and Friday, September 29th. in the church from 2pm and an excellent plant stall in the village square from 1pm This is a quintessential English weekend in the Cadhay Manor Cadhay, ottery Saint Mary EX11 1QT friendliest of villages. www.cerneopengardens.org.uk. See shade in a new light at The Garden House. Nick Haworth, head gardener at this remarkable 10-acre garden on the edge of Dartmoor in Devon, will host a masterclass on Wednesday,May 10th that will benefit experienced gardeners and novices alike. Delegates will learn in the classroom and the garden about soil types, plant choices and maintenance for woodland and shaded areas. Nick will share his knowledge about how to garden for a longer season and deal with changing light levels. Places are limited to just ten, and cost £30 for ‘Friends of The Garden House’ members, or £32 for non-members. www.thegardenhouse.org.uk
Stanway House & Fountain
HARFORD, IVYBRIDGE, PL21 0JF
The world’s tallest gravity fed fountain Rare Shrubs & Trees Pools & Waterfalls Home-made soups & teas 26th March - 11th June Open Sundays, Wednesdays, Bank holidays 11am - 5pm
Tel: 01752 691749 www.lukesland.co.uk n ay y pe id a O y Fr h M t er 5 ev om fr
Jacobean Manor House, home of the Earl of Wemyss, together with spectacular fountain open all year by appointment for group visits. Contact 07850 585539 for details.
HOUSE, GARDENS & TEAROOM Open every Friday 2pm - 5.30pm until 29th September Also Summer Bank Holiday weekend - Saturday, Sunday & Monday
HOUSE & GARDENS: adult £8, child £3 (last guided tour 4pm) GARDENS: adult £4, child £1,
season ticket £12pp Member of Historic Houses Association
CADHAY, OTTERY ST. MARY, DEVON, EX11 1QT 01404 813511 www.cadhay.org.uk 34
www.stanwayfountain.co.uk Stanway, Cheltenham, Gloucs, GL54 5BT
Exploring the gardens of Somerset Somerset has some wonderful gardens and often too many of them overlooked. There’s the chance to learn more about them and plan a visit with the help of the new 2017 Discover Somerset Gardens Leaflet. The leaflet, previously known as the Classic Gardens of Somerset, has been redesigned and renamed to highlight the wide range of gardens there are in the county. you will find an impressive selection of styles and character that have evolved over centuries, from intimate cottage gardens to large meandering country houses and all sizes in-between. Many offer the added attraction of an historic house to explore and a tea-room or restaurant serving locally produced food. There are also shops selling plants and gifts to take home and walks into the adjacent countryside for people (and dogs) to enjoy. www.discoversomersetgardens.com A fortnight of tulip sensations at Forde Abbey Forde Abbey on the Somerset and Dorset border is preparing to host a tulip spectacular when over 30,000 tulips bloom across the abbey gardens. its tulip festival runs between Saturday, 29th April and Sunday, 14th May when the bulbs are at their best and when you can enjoy wandering around the gardens in a spectacular sea of colour. it’s an annual delight that started in autumn of 2013, when 13,000 bulbs were planted in the herbaceous beds to give an early start to colour in the Park Garden, on the Mount and in the Kitchen Garden. The tradition of tulips continues to evolve and this years display will include the varieties ‘Fontainebleau’, ‘Rem’s Favourite’ and ‘Queen of the night’. Forde Abbey, Chard, Somerset TA20 4Lu Tel: 01460 220231 www.fordeabbey.co.uk
Powderham Castle offers a warm summer welcome A warm welcome awaits visitors and their dogs to Powderham Castle and the family home of the Earl and Countess of Devon. Entertaining guided tours, delicious cream teas and beautiful gardens to explore. The American Garden is open until 1st September. Created by the 3rd Viscount, this is a secluded haven of peace and tranquillity with its exotic trees including the first Wollemi pine in Devon and a beautiful castellated summerhouse. open until 27th october; Sun to Fri 11am to 4.30pm. Fifty per cent offer on admission for National Trust and English Heritage members. Gardens only admission available. www.powderham.co.uk Award winning pedigree at Howle Hill nursery Howle Hill Nursery, near Ross on Wye has the highest pedigree when it comes to awards –one of the many reasons it deserves a visit. The nursery was formed by Peter Dowle in 1996 and currently employs over 20 people. it has been awarded two Gold medals at the RHS Malvern show and ten Gold Medals at Chelsea Flower Show, most recently for ‘L’occitane Garden’ Chelsea last year. The nursery on Howle Hill is open to the public and stocks a wide range of plants and specimen trees in a picturesque location. The nursery grows and tends a wide range of plants and larger specimens for use in private and show gardens. opening times: Monday to Friday - 9am to 5pm, Saturdays 10am - 5pm. Howle Hill, Water Edge Howle Hill, Ross on Wye, Herefordshire HR9 5SP. Tel 01989 567726
May Days Out at The Bishop's Palace • • • • • •
14 acres of RHS partner gardens See the Wells that give the City its name Stunning Paulownia flowering in May Daily Guided Tours & Horticultural Tours Half Term Holiday Family Activities Community Garden & Contemporary Garden of Reflection • Cafe & Shop T 01749 988111 ext.200
Whatley Manor Garden Tours Enjoy a private guided tour of the 12 acres of beautiful English country gardens at Whatley Manor with head gardener Andy Spreadbury followed by lunch. The garden tour lasts approximately two hours.
Tuesday Garden Tours 2017 6th, 13th, 20th & 27th June and 4th, 11th, 18th & 25th July £49.50 includes tea, coffee and biscuits on arrival, the garden tour and a two-course lunch with a glass of house wine followed by coffee.
Call Events on 01666 834 026 to make a booking or email firstname.lastname@example.org Whatley Manor Hotel and Spa Easton Grey Malmesbury Wiltshire SN16 0RB Web whatleymanor.com @Whatley_Manor
42nd Cerne Abbas
COTSWOLD GARDENS AT ELKSTONE
Open Gardens About 25 Private Gardens Open
Sunday 11th June 2017 2 - 6pm A chance to amble through a selection of beautiful private Cotswold gardens not usually open to the public. Cream teas, homemade cakes, ice creams, garden games and free tractor rides Adults £5.00, Children free • Parking included • No dogs please Satnav - GL53 9PD follow car park signs
17th & 18th June, 2-6pm Day ticket to all gardens Adults £6.00 Ticket for 2 days £10.00 Accompanied children free Teas in St Mary’s Church Plant Stall Free Car Park (DT2 7GD) from 11 am Proceeds divided equally between: Cerne Valley Young People’s Trust & The Miss Bush Riding for the Disabled Group
Thatched Self-Catering Cottage Sleeps 3-5 Peaceful surroundings near Romsey, Hampshire. Near New Forest and other places of interest. For details phone Mrs Crane on
01249 812102 www.bowood.org Bowood House & Gardens Calne, Wiltshire, SN11 OLZ 6786 - Bowood House - March Adverts The Country Gardener Magazine Ad.indd 1
Little Malvern Court Nr Malvern, Worcestershire WR14 4JN Open 19th April until 20th July Wednesday & Thursday afternoons
Discover Somerset Gardens
FREE Discount VouchERs incluDED 2017
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Other times by appointment
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PHOTO: MARCUS HARPUR
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GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T Celebration garden is an East Devon treat Pecorama is one of East Devon’s leading visitor attractions and home to the Peco Millennium Celebration Garden. Designed by Chelsea Flower Show medal-winner Naila Green, five stunning garden ‘rooms’ based on a celestial theme, feature herbaceous plants and shrubs from around the world. Also found within the grounds are the mile-long Beer Heights Light Railway, with its fleet of miniature steam locomotives and the PECo Model Railway Exhibition, which houses superbly detailed layouts in every major gauge. There’s full catering facilities, indoor and outdoor play areas for younger visitors and free parking. Pecorama, Beer, Devon. EX12 3NA. Tel. 01297 21542 www.pecorama.co.uk Email: Pecorama@pecobeer.co.uk Axe Vale festival – a date worth keeping. At this family friendly festival everyone will be entertained and inspired. For enthusiastic gardeners, the floral marquee full of colour and scents is a delight. Crafts of great variety and skill will amaze, toys and hobbies will intrigue, art, antiques and collectables will tempt and the mouth-watering fare in the food marquee is not to be missed! The main arena is host to an exciting programme of events to thrill and entertain –so make sure you keep the date! it takes place on Saturday, 17th and Sunday, 18th June at the Showground, Trafalgar Way, Axminster www.axevalefestival.org.uk
Firle Park event notches up ten successful years Firle Place Park and gardens, the historic village and country estate in the South Downs National Park, hosts the annual Garden Show over three days from Friday, 21st April to Sunday, 23rd April. The show has amazing plants, garden goodies and a great day out for all. it is now in its tenth year and continues to grow and expand. An eclectic range of exhibitors, marquees and gardens have products galore to enhance home and garden. The Firle Place Herb Garden in the 18th century walled gardens will show how ‘the garden grows’ into a third year of growth. Lady Gage, with a long interest in the medical uses of herbs, is creating a correlation between colour and medicinal use. open daily 10am - 5pm (last entry 4pm) Adults £7, children under five free and a £5 concession for seniors. Firle Place, Firle, Nr Lewes, East Sussex, BN8 6LP Eckington village opens it door for June festival Eckington Village in Worcestershire holds its annual flower festival and open gardens on Saturday, 17th and Sunday, 18th June, from 10am to 6pm. over 30 gardens will be opening and Eckington Holy Trinity church opens also for stunning array of floral displays . Additionally, activities such as classic cars, stalls, pudding parlour (cooked by the villagers), refreshments with home-made cakes, plant stall and much more. Free car parks and transport around the village. Marked disabled-friendly gardens. An informal day out, browsing much-loved gardens at your leisure, marvelling at the floral displays. Tickets are £6 and parking is free. www.eckington.info
To bee or
NOT TO BEE Julie Elkin is a member of Devon Beekeepers and a course tutor for the North Devon training courses. Too many people think keeping bees is the only way to help honeybees. ‘Taster days’ gives people the opportunity to handle bees and decide if keeping them is really for them but the emphasis is on how we can do much more in our gardens’ own plots to help all pollinators. Spring at last, the garden a joy to behold filled with colour and fragrance, the hum of the bumblebee queens preparing to start their nests and my honeybees foraging on hellebores and crocuses as I write this. It is still too soon here in North Devon near the edge of Exmoor to take a peep inside risking disrupting that fragile developing nest of eggs, larvae and sealed brood, so carefully nurtured and maintained at 35°C by their older sisters. I know without disturbing them that the first workers of the season have emerged and are out foraging, their youthful appearance in stark contrast to their old work worn and now tattered winged sisters who have lived through the winter and nursed the colony back to life as honeybees have done for millions of years. Soon the queen will be laying 1,500 to 2,000 eggs a day and the nest will burgeon into the large rugby ball shape that mirrors the shape and size of the swarm you see hanging in a bush or tree later in the year. 38
Swarming is the honeybees’ natural way of reproducing that has enabled them to spread far and wide fleeing adverse climatic conditions, leaving pests and diseases behind, evolving and adapting to the world around them. A swarm should be a sign of prosperity, that all is well in the bee world but sadly that isn’t always so now. Bees and all our native pollinating insects, bumblebees, hover flies, butterflies, solitary bees and wasps are all in decline. Alarmist tales of mass honeybee deaths in the USA (referred to as Colony Collapse Disorder), higher than usual colony losses in many other countries including the UK mean that a huge amount of research is being done to explain and reverse this decline. Pollinators certainly have problems but with honeybees we sometimes lose sight of the fact that losses of the weak, diseased and ill adapted are essential to the survival of the species. The history of mankind is inter woven with bees, first as gatherers of honey from wild bee
nests and later as keepers of bees to enjoy the products of the hive, honey and wax and that essential service of pollination they and other insects provide. A third of our food crops and 90 per cent of our wild plants need cross pollinating. We all know the reasons given for these declines, all man made; in our greed and stupidity we have destroyed so much of their world. Loss of habitat to grow more food for us, huge areas of monoculture, yet our pollinators need a mixed diet, and the concreting of so much land. Many of these factors are beyond the average person’s control but progress is being made, road verges are blooming again, Wildlife Trusts and other bodies are restoring, creating and maintaining habitats and the public are willing to share their gardens with insects that many people used to want removed! Beekeepers too are responsible; while most want to do their best for their bees we have stressed bees to the limit with our unreasonable expectations of them. We have coerced them into boxes, given them wax foundation containing many residual toxic chemicals on which to build their combs and when they succumb to pests and diseases, many of which we have imported we dose them with yet more chemicals. DEFRA describes bees as ‘food producing animals’ but unlike other farm animals honeybees are and always will be wild and free spirits whose natural instincts cannot be subdued and denied without damaging their natural defences against pests and diseases. Fortunately many beekeepers are reviewing the way they have been taught to keep bees and looking for ways to work with the bees and not frustrate their natural instincts. At our teaching apiary in North Devon we enjoy teaching would-be beekeepers, guiding them up the steep learning curve that beekeeping can be. So is the answer to pollinator decline to train evermore people to keep bees?
The answer has to be a resounding no! We need to encourage younger people to replace those of us getting too old to teeter on ladders catching swarms but there are limits to the number of hives that an area can support and undernourished bees soon become sick bees. We know that between 2007 and 2010 the number of beekeepers increased hugely in response to pollinator decline and maybe encouraged by “celebrity” beekeepers making it a trendy thing to do. I’m not suggesting that people’s intentions were other than very well intentioned! Figures for 2013 give 274,000 hives kept by hobbyist beekeepers and about 40,000 hives kept by about 200 commercial beekeepers in the UK. The problem with these figures is that we just don’t know how many other beekeepers there are out there. Responsible beekeepers become members of the British Beekeepers Association and/or register their hives with ‘Beebase’, part of the National Bee Unit which monitors bee health throughout the UK but many don’t and their hives aren’t counted. I am the last person to want to deny others the great pleasures of keeping bees. I love my bees, my garden would feel empty without them and I go out almost every day to sit on the hive stands to watch and listen to them; yes I am a little obsessed! I also know that beekeeping is not for everyone but if you really, really want to keep bees look at the Website of your County Beekeeping Association and sign up for a taster session to find out if it is for you. If so then sign up for a beginners course, usually an eight week course which will give you hands on experience and help you source your first bees safely. Please never be tempted to buy bees on the web, you may unwittingly buy in diseased or aggressive bees. Your local Beekeeping Association is there to help you.
Revitalise your conservatory this Spring With ÂŁ200 OFF * a professional valet A Thomas Sanderson professional valet, maintenance check and service will do so much more than keep your conservatory clean. Our 2-man specialist team will revitalise every detail of your conservatory, from the roof and
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crestings, to clearing drains and other hard to reach areas that are either too difficult or too dangerous for you to do yourself. Help restore your conservatory to its former glory with a service that includes locks, hinges, lead flashing, clearing guttering and inserting leaf hoppers to prevent future blockages. For the finishing touch upgrade to Valet GuardÂŽ. *Terms and conditions apply
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HOME & GARDEN IMPROVEMENTS
A helping hand when it comes to home and garden improvements Making improvements to your home and garden is a priority for most home owners. It’s all year round challenge, which needs the right selection of quality products and suppliers. Whether its making the home more comfortable or life in the garden a little easier and practical we are all looking for help. It could be the basics of garden design, buying raised beds, sorting out decking, caring for plants or adding something new such as a polytunnel or veranda which makes life much easier, gardeners are always looking for help. We’ve a few suggestions for you.
Spring sale makes a veranda to your home more affordable The opportunity to enjoy more outdoor living is made easier with a veranda to your home. It’s an option that more and more owners are opting for as it links the garden to the house. Nationwide Home Improvements verandas offer a range of shading solutions as well as optional heating and lighting which can transform the outdoors into an area you can use all year round. They offer a ‘free no obligation’ design consultation, will visit your property and go through all available options. Nationwide is currently holding a spring sale, with discounts of up to 40 per cent. To request a free brochure visit
Nationwideltd.co.uk or call 08007879561.
Econergy solar shields solution to conservatory temperatures A conservatory can be a wonderful addition to any home – but it can also bring with it problems. Many conservatory owners complain of the huge swing in temperatures between the seasons- too hot in summer; too cold in winter. One decisive way of dealing with these highs and lows in temperature is to have a Solar Shield fitted. Both glass and polycarbonate can be fitted with a highlyreflective (but transparent) metallized Solar Shield. This internal barrier permanently minimises the amount of solar energy penetrating the conservatory and keeps it cooler. A Solar Shield prevents over 80 per cent of the sun’s energy from entering the conservatory and the virtual elimination of glare. The Solar Shield also performs in winter, preventing up to 50 per cent of heat loss through the roof and all this is achieved without a significant loss in light. Call Econergy Systems for a no obligation quotation on 08009047827 or visit www.econergysystems.co.uk
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HOME & GARDEN IMPROVEMENTS Plant Supports –helping to keep the garden pristine Adding vigour and strength into new plants Plant Supports (UK) Ltd are a family run business who are extremely proud to be a totally British supplier of robust affordable supports. They manufacture high quality plant supports not only for the herbaceous and shrub borders but also for the vegetable garden. Keeping the garden pristine has never been so easy thanks to their quality rage of supports available from Plant Supports (UK) Ltd and should be regarded as an essential investment as the best will last for years. Order online at www.plantsupports.co.uk or call 01584 781578 or visit the event section of their website for details.
If you are looking for a way to get your plants established with more vigour and strength this gardening season then Rootgrow could be the answer. Many gardeners find using rootgrow mycorrhizal fungi an essential starting point to success when planting. You can treat any size of plant with Rootgrow, from mixing a couple of teaspoons into the compost of a seed tray to larger plants. It will quickly colonise new plants enabling them to explore a much greater volume of soil in search of nutrients and water. www.rootgrow.co.uk
Professional help to make the most of your garden
A polytunnel offers one of the best ways of producing ‘grow your own’ all year round. It extends the season and provides so many more options and opportunities in your garden. It’s also a purchase which is appealing to more and more homeowners and gardeners. Ferryman Tunnels, based in mid-Devon, has an impressive range of polytunnels with a choice of covers made from polythene, shade or fruit net. You can have whatever size of polytunnel that best suits your garden with eight standard widths, made to their own required length. The full range of polytunnels are on view at Ferryman Polytunnels, Morchard Rd, nr Crediton EX17 5LS. Tel: 01363 84948, but please make an appointment to view. A free brochure is available at email@example.com www.ferrymanpolytunnels.co.uk
More gardeners than ever are turning to professional help to make the most of their garden and its features. Merristem is one company offering gardens and ground maintenance and tree surgery services. They work with clients to make the most of gardens. The development of a woodland style garden can be a wonderful addition. Starting with a well-managed tree canopy, there are a whole host of shrub and flower species that create fantastic interest at every level. The company provides qualified and experienced gardeners, sympathetic tree surgery and pruning, alongside woodland management services . Merristem Gardens Ltd are based in Bovey Tracey in Devon. Tel: 01626 836 279 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.merristem.co.uk
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A Solar Shield fitted to your existing roof will reduce the heat & glare by 80% in summer, and stop up to 60% of your expensive heat disappearing through the roof in winter. Thereby keeping your conservatory warmer whilst lowering your carbon footprint. We are also able to provide a service starting with a complete valet, to replacing blown units, damaged panels etc., even replacing complete roofs where necessary. We are happy to provide a guide on price over the telephone.
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Whichford Pottery – quality handmade flowerpots Established in 1976 by Jim and Dominique Keeling, Whichford Pottery is a family-run business with a world-renowned reputation for making handmade British frost proof flowerpots. Whichford pots are designed, hand thrown and decorated at the Pottery by over 25 highly-skilled craftsmen and women. The flowerpots are practical and beautiful, from longtoms to seedpans, from huge jars to hand-pressed urns – all made from Whichford’s very own clay blend, giving their pots a 10-year frost proof guarantee. A visit to Whichford Pottery is a real treat! You can choose from their full range, meet the team, be inspired by the romantic courtyard garden, shop British in The Octagon and enjoy homecooked food at The Straw Kitchen. See their website for pottery and café opening hours. www.whichfordpottery.com
Path Patio & Decking Cleaner Helps restore the natural colour of virtually any outdoor surface the organic way. No scrubbing or rinsing required, simply apply and walk away.
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Use Algon to clean patios, driveways, decking, wood, polytunnels, garden furniture and much more!
We welcome customers to come and view our range of Polytunnels with expert friendly advice. Ferryman Polytunnels, Westleigh, Morchard Rd, Nr Crediton, EX17 5LS 01363 84948 firstname.lastname@example.org
Available at most garden centres or for more information contact us
www.algonorganics.co.uk 01772 823370
HOME & GARDEN IMPROVEMENTS An organic option for cleaning paths and decking One of the biggest concerns about using products which will clean paths and decking is how strongly chemical some of them are. There’s now an organic solution to solve that problem as you keep the exterior of your property clean and presentable for a number of months with a simple application of Algon Organic Path, Patio and Decking cleaner. You can use it on your driveway and brighten up the exterior of your house and garden. It can also be used on fence panels, brickwork, patio flags, conservatories, roofs and more. Simply wet the surface with the Algon and leave it to work. No need to rinse it off or scrub. www.algonorganics.co.uk
Looking to create a cooler conservatory As the warmer weather hopefully approaches, you may find that your conservatory gets too hot during the day or glare prevents you from reading a book or viewing a screen without squinting. Conservatory Blinds Limited offer an amazing range of blinds designed to reduce heat and glare, including pleated, duette and pinoleum blinds. These specialist blinds also protect your furniture and furnishings from fading due to ultra violet rays. With up to 30 per cent off the most popular fabrics in a spring sale, now is the perfect time to transform your conservatory for less. For price guides and inspirational online gallery visit www.conservatoryblinds.co.uk or call 0800 071 88 88.
Credibility and skills with online training
There are plenty of people who will prune roses, remove weeds, spray pests and mow lawns; but there can be significant problems associated with doing any of these things the wrong way. To be a really good gardener, you need: • to be identify at least 500 of the most commonly cultivated plants in your locality • an understanding of the principles of plant growth; managing soil, fertiliser, water, light • an ability to differentiate weeds from garden plants • to safely and properly use garden tools and machinery Learn how to develop these skills with ASC Distance Education distance education courses specialists for online home study courses. www.acsedu.co.uk
Totum Grow- adding technology through plant feed Totum Grow is the pioneering technology of plant feed; made up of 100per-cent natural plant extract. The ‘cell activator’ stimulates naturally available enzymes and hormones in plants and when absorbed into pores on the surface of the leaf, root and shoot, it automatically starts to regenerate itself. It enhances plants that have high ‘BRIX’ level (natural sugar) making the end product look and taste better. Tomatoes, grapes, strawberries, carrots, herbs, chilli plants and grass are some great examples of thriving yield.It reduces the need for fertiliser, pesticide use and prevents fungal infection. www.plantsgaloreonline.co.uk
Knowledgeable and skilled gardeners are often hard to find.
P O T T E R Y Classic Hand-made English Flowerpots
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Each pot measures 21cm high x 35cm wide
Free delivery applies to mainland UK only. Offer subject to availability. Pairs of pots must be delivered to the same address. Offer ends 31/05/17. T&Cs apply.
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Making the most of your conservatory
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The creeping menace of the TURKEY OAK
Mark Hinsley sees problems with the infiltration into our countryside of an Eastern oak which falls well below the standards set by its English counterpart.
who know a bit about keeping out invaders, ordered all Turkey oak on their land to be removed. Another, more subtle, problem I read about recently is that Turkey oak acorns contain more tannin, which makes them more durable and less palatable to wildlife. As a consequence, if both species are present in woodland, the English oak acorns will be eaten first, with more of the Turkey oak acorns being buried for winter supplies. Add this to the number of English oak acorns that are already sterile, and you have a pretty effective long-term takeover plan. There are plenty of Turkey oaks out there that are subject to Tree Preservation Orders, particularly the indiscriminate Area or ‘Blanket’ type. Some local authorities in our area recognise the threat and will allow them to be removed whilst others do not. We are currently dealing with one that will not allow a mature Turkey oak to be felled that is within 50 metres of a designated woodland wildlife conservation project, despite the fact that young Turkey oaks are already appearing in the woods! I recently visited an estate in rural West Dorset to undertake a tree safety liability assessment. The countryside was beautiful: rolling hills, fields of sheep, copses and shelterbelts – ‘chocolate box’ Dorset. The client pointed out that the estate was mostly covered with beech and oak. I looked at the tree closest to me, “But this is a Turkey oak”, I said. “Yes”, answered the client, “All our oaks are Turkey oaks”. Rather chilling really – because without a close look, you would not spot the difference. Mark Hinsley is from Arboriculture Consultants Ltd. www.treeadvice.info
It is quite fashionable at the moment to be concerned about infiltration into England from South-West Asia and much of the media is full of dark warnings and deep concerns, so, never one to resist a ride on a good band wagon, I need to tell you that there is one major infiltration that is being missed, a group that has been here quite a while softly, softy, taking over our countryside, squeezing out our natives, stealing our women (well, perhaps not the last bit). What tiny sneaky insidious creature am I talking about, I hear you ask. I’ll tell you – the tiny sneaky insidious 39 metres tall with a seven-metre girth Quercus cerris – the Turkey oak. An awful lot of you, gentle readers, despite the fact that picking up a copy of Country Gardener does place you in the horticultural elite, will not know the difference between a Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris) and a native English oak (Quercus robur or Quercus patraea). The easiest way to recognise a Turkey oak is to take a close look at the twigs as the buds are surrounded by ‘whiskers’ approx 10mm long; the acorn cup has a similarly shaggy appearance and the leaves tend to be more deeply lobed with pointy ends. Also, frequently, it will be big. It grows at a ferocious rate and does make a magnificent specimen tree. They were first recorded in this country growing as an ornamental in 1734 and first recorded as having ‘escaped’ into the wild in the early 1900s. Compared to our native oaks their timber is rubbish and their There is a subtle difference between the leaves of the English oak (left) and the wildlife conservation value is low. Turkey oak (right) whose leaves tend to be more deeply lobed with pointy ends One well documented problem with Turkey oak is Andricus quercuscalicus (the knopper gall wasp), which has a dual host life-cycle between Turkey oak and English oak that results in the English oak producing deformed and sterile acorns, thus leaving the field more open for the Turkey oak to colonise. In 1998 the Ministry of Defence, 46
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‘Chinese’ Wilson’s gardening legacy Time to grow a nut ? tree in your garden Garden events, shows and happenings throughout Somerset
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JOBS IN THE GARDEN
Gardening jobs in May
May sees the seasons changing again, with spring rolling into early summer. It is a glorious month, greener than any other, with potential still in the air with a danger of being overwhelmed with all the growth in the garden
Planning ahead with beans
Keep a watch on tomatoes Tomatoes originate from South America and suffer as soon as temperatures drop below 10°C. Keep them under cover until you can be sure that the weather is warm enough to plant them outside, and then find the warmest spot to give them all the help they can get. If you are growing in the ground out of doors, keep well away from the potatoes, as blight can travel from one to the next. Try to keep the plants in a position that is warm but with air movement, as the blight favours humidity. Bush varieties are great in pots on the terrace.
Pinch out the tops of the broad beans once the flowers are visible, as it helps to keep the black fly at bay. Keep the tops, as they are delicious steamed and dressed with a little olive oil and lemon. Wait until the end of the month to put in the French beans, and hold back until early June for the runners, as they need the heat to do well and will rot in ground that lies wet and cold. It is good to learn that most fastgrowing annuals catch up if you get the timing right. Put your efforts into successional sowing of lettuce and salad leaves. Radish make great fillers between rows of slower-to-develop veggies.
Get tough on weeds now
If there is one priority in the garden over the next few weeks it is weed control. The message should be zero tolerance on weeds until the ground covering foliage of perennials closes over to suppress seedlings. Little and often takes the monotony out of weeding, so set a half hour aside every time you garden.
TRY GROWING STRAWBERRIES IN HANGING BASKETS Everyone can have delicious strawberries by growing them in hanging baskets. You don’t need a large garden or allotment, just somewhere sunny to hang your baskets. When growing strawberries in hanging baskets, the fruit hang down over the side of the basket which has two main advantages. Firstly, air can circulate around the fruit, keeping them dry, which will prevent mould and mildew forming, especially during wet summers, and secondly slugs and snails can’t reach the fruit. Hanging baskets do not hold much soil (strawberries don’t mind this as they are shallow rooted), but it is important to keep the basket well watered, and the plants will need feeding. Once they have flowered, feed with a liquid tomato feed every couple of weeks. You can also incorporate a slow release granular feed into the compost at potting time, which will provide the plants with nutrients. 48
Time for a lawn feed Apply a spring lawn feed if you didn’t do it last month. Repair thin or bare patches in the lawn or bald lawn edges before the end of the month. If you have newly laid turf, don’t mow until it has rooted itself securely into the soil. If the grass has grown tall, raise the blades to the highest setting to start, gradually lowering the height over a couple of weeks. A new lawn which has been grown from seed should be left for a while. Cut the tips of long tufts down with a pair of shears until the grass has made longer roots.
PLANTING OUT PUMPKINS AND SQUASHES You can tell the new gardening season is well on its way when squash seeds spring into life. The young plants will need acclimatising to conditions outdoors before planting out. A couple of weeks before the last frosts are forecast place the plants outside for the day and bring them in at night. In the second week leave them out in a sheltered spot day and night. By the middle of the month it should be safe to plant them out.
Get ready to earth up As soon as potatoes break through, earth them up. Coving up the foliage in an inverted trench may seem like rough treatment, but their tops will recover quickly – and keep the fleece handy. They need moisture, so water (wisely) if we have a dry period. The tubers start to swell as the plants come to flower, but don't be tempted to harvest until the flower trusses are fully out. Earthing up is not limited to potatoes. With brassicas especially top-heavy crops such as Brussels sprouts that must grow through the gales of the autumn and winter as it helps prevent damage from wind rot. Leeks, celery and florence fennel are all earthed up to blanch the developing stems or bulbs.
Be patient when it comes to mowing bulbs There’s a temptation once the spring bulbs in your grass pass their best to mow over them. It’s neater and tidier. But this year try and be a bit more patient as it will reward you in the long run. Don't be tempted to mow off bulbs in grass until five to six weeks after the last flower. They need this time to replenish their energy and the wildlife will enjoy the long grass, so leave it to do its thing for a while yet, if you can. Overcrowded daffodils will flower less reliably. Now is an ideal time to lift, divide and re-plant.
Other tasks this month
• Harvest rhubarb, picking only a third of the total amount of stems. • Protect crops from carrot ﬂy by covering with horticultural fleece or enviromesh. • Prune your penstemons now - cut all the old shoots back to the base provided there is new growth at the bottom of the plant. If there are no new shoots at the base, cut just above the lowest set of leaves • Tie in your sweet peas with plant support rings to encourage them to climb. • Prune spring-ﬂowering shrubs after flowering. • Cut back ﬂowered shoots of choisya to promote a second flush of flowers in autumn. • Trim lavender plants now, cutting off any old flower heads and about one inch of the current year's growth. 49
Providing gardeners with help on a whole range of gardening issues, problems and opportunities
CONTROLLING PEAR RUST
Early starters - chard, beetroot and kohl rabi
VEGETABLES THAT WILL GROW AT THE DOUBLE As spring speeds into summer, vegetables can grow rapidly. So now is the ideal time to sow quick maturing quick crops for picking in July and August. Beetroot Beetroot is reliable, mostly free from diseases and versatile in the kitchen for leaves and roots. Choose traditional varieties and direct sow an inch deep in any fertile soil in a sunny position. Chard For ease of growing, hardiness and resilience to bolting, chard is one of the best leaf crops. It can be used as a bold resistant substitute in soups, stews and sauces. Sow thinly in May and when they are large enough to sow, remove alternative plants and allow the others to grow on or harvest as a cut and come again crop. Kohl rabi A vegetable good for sowing fortnightly right through until mid July, use raw in salads. The green cultivars mature quickest. Try ‘ Quickstar’ ‘Lanro’ or Kongo’. Sow in cell trays to plant out later to get the quickest return. Keep the crop well watered throughout the growing period and harvest when the stems are between golf ball and tennis ball size - about seven weeks. 50
Pear rust is a fungal disease of pears, causing bright orange spots on the leaves. It also affects junipers, causing perennial canker-like swellings on the branches. On pears it appears as bright orange spots on the upper leaf surface. As summer progresses, brown, gall-like outgrowths develop on the corresponding lower leaf surface. Fruit may be affected, but this is much less common. On junipers there are swellings on stems and branches, producing orange, horn-like outgrowths in spring following periods of high humidity. The best way to treat it is by careful pruning of junipers to remove rust infections from the stems, or simply by removing whole plants from the vicinity of pear trees will reduce the likelihood of infection, but note that the spores are airborne over quite long distances. Removing leaves on heavily infected trees may cause more harm than good.
Pear rust - very often the fruit isn’t affected
GHERKINS TO GROW OUTDOORS Gherkins are cultivars of cucumber that produce many small fruits with few seeds and thick skins that are harvested quite small. The best time to plant is the third week in May, once all frosts have gone. Plant 45cm apart in wellprepared soil in a sunny sheltered position. They can be grown indoors and/ or they can be moved out later. They can be left to grow wild along the ground but its best to train along a trellis, fence, stake, wire or string. Carefully train them to grow clockwise up a string picking Gherkins – May is the ideal time to plant the side shoots and flowers off up to 30cm high. Then only pick the side shoots off and let the plant carry on growing up to about six feet tall. Once it has reached the top of the support let the plant grow wild coming back down towards the ground. Only begin to feed once you see the first two cucumbers growing!
severe during warm humid periods. Slugs can make a meal of a wide range of vegetables and ornamental plants, especially seedlings and other soft growth. Hostas, delphiniums, dahlias, gerberas, sweet peas and tulips are regularly attacked by slugs, and it can be difficult to grow these plants if you have a big slug problem. In the vegetable garden peas, beans, lettuce, celery and potato tubers are often damaged. Slugs are so abundant in gardens that some damage has to be tolerated. They cannot be eradicated so targeting control measures to protect particularly vulnerable plants, such as seedlings and soft young shoots on herbaceous plants will give the best results. Do a night patrol with a torch or flashlight. The best time is dusk or early morning, especially when it’s damp or raining. Try control barriers, eggs shells, pistachio nuts, even sawdust also claim to have some success. Then there’s the traps wine, honey-water, yeast mixed with water, vinegar or beer.
THIN FRUIT TO IMPROVE QUALITY
SUMMER SLUG AND SNAIL CONTROL There are many control options available for slugs and snails but despite this they remain a persistent pest. Slugs can use their rasping tongues to make holes in leaves, stems, buds, flowers, roots, corms, bulbs and tubers of many plants.
You can afford to be aggressive when it comes to thinning fruit
Fruit trees often set too much fruit. While some of the excess is shed in early summer – ‘June drop’- more thinning is often needed. Nature is in on the act – sloughing off excess fruitlets so that those left behind have a better chance of reaching the ripening stage. The gardener just takes this natural process one step further, removing a few more fruits to concentrate on the production of beautiful and delicious fruits of a decent size.
Most slugs feed at night, and the slime trails, if present, can alert you to the level of activity. Damage is usually most
Not all tree fruits need thinning. The usual suspects requiring a trim are apples, plums, peaches and nectarines and, to a lesser extent, pears and apricots. Every tree is different. Start by removing any malformed or otherwise suspect-looking fruitlets; only the best-looking fruitlets go through to the next round! You should also remove the ‘king’ fruit, which lies at the centre of each cluster, plus any fruitlets that are poorly positioned. Now thin out those left behind so that there’s one fruit every 10-15cm (4-6in) for dessert/eating varieties and one fruit every 15-23cm (6-9in) for culinary/cooking varieties.
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BEING BLUE in the garden Introducing a blue theme into the garden is becoming increasingly popular, but you will need to be careful and selective if you want your colour theme to overlap the seasons True blue flowers in the garden are a thing of rare beauty, and it’s not uncommon to see purple flowers with names which depict them as being ‘blue'. The rare nature of true blue flowers makes them all the more appealing. There are lots of blue flowers that you can grow to follow your colour scheme including tall, elegant floral spikes such as delphiniums and lupins, flowering shrubs with clusters of blue flowers such as California lilac and hydrangeas, and a range of small blue flowers such as forget-me-nots. Remember that flowering seasons will overlap, especially when the weather is variable. Be sure to research the plants you like to check that your garden can provide their growing requirements; for example, whether the plants need a sunny spot or shade, sandy or moist soil, and so on. Blue represents serenity and can help to create a calming space in the garden. Blue flowers can also symbolise hope, and are often bought as gifts for people who are sick or stressed. Spring blue flowers Anemone blanda – strictly speaking a tuber rather than bulb – has azure blue daisy-style flowers. In late spring it’s the turn of native bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta, which can be distinguished from the Spanish interloper (H. hispanica) by its delicate stem that droops at the top so that the flowers tend to hang from one side. Spanish bluebells are much more upright, with flowers on all sides of the stem. Blue climbers Early flowering clematis come in shades of blue: Clematis alpina and Clematis macropetalahave delicate bell-shaped flowers; varieties such as Clematis ‘Daniel Deronda’ have big saucer-shaped blooms. Blue shrubs The truest blue-flowered shrubs come from the genus Ceanothus, the California lilac, which features plumes of baby
blue flowers. C. arboreus ‘Trewithen Blue’ is a big vigorous evergreen; C. ‘Blue Mound’ is smaller, with more compact flower heads. Rhododendrons also come in a variety of lilacy baby blue shades, including 'Bob's Blue', 'Blue Diamond' and 'Blue Baron'. Other blue plants for spring flower Ajuga reptans is a perennial ground-cover plant, with spikes of blue flowers – ‘Bronze Beauty’ has contrasting bronze-tinged foliage. Familiar forget-me-nots (Myosotis alpestris) will seed around your garden once you’ve got them; for a more unusual effect look out for Brunnera macrophylla, which has similar forgetme-not style flowers above big heart-shaped leaves. Summer blue flowers Summer gardens can be a shimmering haze of blue, from the tall spires of classic delphiniums and lupins to the azure blue petals of the fabled Himalayan blue poppy (Meconopsis grandis) that is notoriously difficult to grow, to the small daisystyle flowers of felicia. As well as the familiar blue lobelia bedding plant, seek out its perennial cousins such as Lobelia siphilitica and ‘Blue Shadow’, which are tall upright plants rather than trailing. Blue bulbs Agapanthus are the classic summer blue bulbs with rounded heads clustered with funnel-shaped flowers. If you want to grow them in the garden rather than in pots, ‘Headbourne Hybrids’ are the hardiest. Camassia leichtlinii ‘Caerulea Group’ is like a large upright bluebell with starry flowers. Blue flowers to grow from seed Love in a mist (Nigella) has papery pale blue flowers with a ruff of feathery foliage; Phacelia tanacetifolia has curious flowers packed in tightly in a neat spiral – hence its common name of fiddleneck – bees love it; Jacob’s ladder, Polemonium caeruleum, has open blue flowers with yellow stamens. A blue rose? A blue rose is the rose-breeder’s so far unattainable goal, as the pigment needed does not exist in roses. ‘Veilchenblau’ is the closest thing: its flowers open in shades of lavender and take on a bluish tinge as they age. Blue roses sold in florists will have been dyed.
COMPILED BY KATE LEW IS DIARY EVENTS FROM CLUBS AND ORGANISATIONS AROUND THE COTSWOLDS
Here’s a selection of gardening events to look out for during the next few weeks throughout the Cotswolds. Send us details of your event at least ten weeks before publication and we will publicise it free of charge. Make sure you let us know where the event is being held, the date and include a contact telephone number. We are keen to support garden club events and we will be glad to publicise talks and shows held during the year where clubs want to attract a wider audience, but we do not have space for club outings or parties. We suggest that garden clubs send us their diary for the year for events to be included in the relevant issue of the magazine. Please send to Country Gardener Magazines, Mount House, Halse, Taunton TA4 3AD or by email to email@example.com and copy to firstname.lastname@example.org. We take great care to ensure that details are correct at the time of going to press but we advise readers to check wherever possible before starting out on a journey as circumstances can force last minute changes.
APRIL 20th NEWENT GARDENING CLUB ‘A YEAR-LONG WALK IN WOODCHESTER PARK’ – ROBERT BRYANT Details on 01531 820761 24th LOWER BROADHEATH GARDENING SOCIETY ‘THE RESTORATION OF HAGLEY PARK’ – JOE HAWKINS Details on 01905 640287 25th – May 28th THE NURSERY AT MISERDEN, STROUD SELECT SCULPTURE FESTIVAL Details on 01285 821638 25th ULENHAL GARDENING CLUB ‘TEXTURE & FOLIAGE IN THE GARDEN’ – BRIAN ELLIS 26th CLOWS TOP AND DISTRICT GARDENING CLUB ‘A – Z OF VEGETABLE GROWING’ – BOB OLIVER Details on 01299 270475 HAGLEY GARDENERS CLUB ‘TRANSYLVANIA IN ROMANIA’ – JIM PRESON & MERVYN NEDHAM Details on 07791 527531
MALVERN HILLS GARDENING CLUB ‘UNUSUAL PERENNIALS’ – ROGER TURNER Details on 01886 833557 SEVENHAMPTON & DISTRICT GARDEN CLUB AGM & ‘STUMPERY AND FERN IN SHADY PLACES’ – ANDREW TOLMAN Details on 01242 8210960 ULLENHALL GARDENING CLUB ‘TEXTURE AND FOLIAGE IN THE GARDEN’ – BRIAN ELLIS WICKHAMFORD GARDENING CLUB ‘THE WALLED GARDEN, WORCESTER’ ALDERBURY & DISTRICT GARDENING ASSOCIATION ‘HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS’ – ROSIE HARDY Details on 01722 710599 28th THE COACH HOUSE, AMPNEY CRUCIS, NR CIRENCESTER SPECIALIST PLANT SALE IN AID OF THE JAMES HOPKINS TRUST 10am – 1pm. £5 entry www.thegenerous gardener.co.uk 29th/29th/1st May HANLEY SWAN, NR MALVERN OPEN GARDENS www.hanleyswanpond.co.uk
MAY 1st BUSHTON MANOR, SN4 7PX PLANT FAIR & OPEN GARDEN 11am – 3pm. www.clyffepypardbushton.com THE SALISBURY BONSAI SOCIETY, LAVERSTOCK VILLAGE HALL MONTHLY MEETING Details on 07785 565510 WILMCOTE GARDEN CLUB ‘BRITAIN IN BLOOM’ – STAN GARDNER Details on 01789 299721 WYCHE & COLWALL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY ‘COUNTRY & COTTAGE GARDENS’ – JULIAN DOWLE Details on 01684 541102 3rd ALPINE GARDEN SOCIETY COTSWOLD AND MALVERN GROUP ‘CAMPANULACEAE’ – GRAHAM NICHOLS Details on 01531 820666 BISHAMPTON GARDENING CLUB AGM & PETER CHAMBERLAIN’S TIPS FOR SUCCESSFUL SHOWING Details on 01386 861438 OXFORD BOTANIC GARDEN TEDDY BEARS PICNIC FOR THE UNDER FIVES 10.30am – 12.30pm ww.botanic-garden.ox.ac.uk
WINCHCOMBE GARDENING CLUB ‘THE WONDERS OF WESTONBIRT’ – CAROL TIPPER Detail on 01242 609590 4th ETTINGTON GARDENING CLUB ‘IS MY GARDEN GOOD ENOUGH’ – DAVE MORGAN Details on 01789 748041 WEST & MIDDLE CHINNOCK GARDENING CLUB ‘IRIS, THE FLORENCE COMPETITION’ Details on 01935 862500 WOOLASTON ALLOTMENT & GARDEN SOCIETY ‘HEDGEHOGS’ – HUGH WARWICK Details on 01594 528160 8th BARTESTREE & LUGWARDINE GARDENING CLUB ‘SALAD & HERB CROPS FOR SMALL GARDENS’ – JON MASON Details on 01432 850554 WOOTON BASSETT AMATEUR GARDENING CLUB ‘SOME OF MY FAVOURITE PLANTS’ – PETER BIGGS Details on 01793 850356 9th CRICKLADE GARDEN CLUB ‘ROSES’ – MICHAEL MARRIOT OF DAVID AUSTIN ROSES Details on 01973 750557 10th SHIPSTON AND DISTRICT GARDENING CLUB ‘THE WORLD OF ROSES’ – ANN BIRD Details on 01608 666933 11th CHELTENHAM HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY ‘THE LAND GIRLS OF WW2’ – FIONA WARIN Details on 01242 691135 13th CLOWS TOP AND DISTRICT GARDENING CLUB PLANT SALE AND COFFEE MORNING Details on 01299 270475
GWENT WILDLIFE GROUP, CHEPSTOW GROUP GRAND PLANT SALE & BAZAAR PALMER CENTRE, CORMEILLES SQUARE, CHEPSTOW 9.30am – 12.30pm. Details on 01291 689326 EVENLEY GARDENING SOCIETY PLANT SALE 10am – 12noon. Evenley Village Hall HARDY PLANT SOCIETY WORCESTERSHIRE GROUP ‘THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF PERENNIAL VIOLAS’ – JACK WILLGOSS www.worcs-hardy-plant-org.uk PUTLEY, HR8 2QN OPEN GARDENS Details at www.putleygardens.org.uk Email: email@example.com 15th ABBEYDALE GARDEN CLUB ‘GROWING VEG IN A SMALL GARDEN’ – RICHARD BALDWIN Details on 01452 554199 SOUTHAM (WARKS) GARDENING CLUB ‘BEHIND THE SCENES – CREATING A CHELSEA FLOWER SHOW GARDEN’ – FRANK HARDY Details on 01926 813986 16th EVENLEY GARDENING SOCIETY ‘PENSTEMONS’ – JOHN LEE WOTTON GARDENING CLUB ‘THE SHADED GARDEN’ – DUNCAN COOMBS Details on 01453 842489
WYCHE & COLWALL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY GARDENER’S QUESTION TIME Details on 01684 541102 17th ALDERBURY & DISTRICT GARDENING ASSOCIATION ‘VEGETABLE GROWING FOR DOMESTIC GARDENS’ – RAY BROUGHTON Details on 01722 710599 BERKELEY GARDENING CLUB MONTHLY MEETING Details on 01453 810607 18th ALDERBURY & DISTRICT GARDENING ASSOCIATION PLANT SALE Details on 01722 710599 BIDFORD ON AVON & DISTRICT GARDENING SOCIETY ‘CLIMBERS & WALL SHRUBS’ – DUNCAN COOMBS Details on 01789 268974 NEWENT GARDENING CLUB ‘THE LAVENDER MAN’ – ANDREW BULLOCK Details on 01531 820761 20th HARDY PLANT SOCIETY, WEST MIDLANDS GROUP PLANT SALE AT BENTLEY HEATH Details on 07920 003760
Are you part of a garden club or society?
DO YOU HAVE ANY EVENTS YOU’D LIKE TO PUBLICISE?
Please send us your diary for the year - we’d love to include your talks and shows Send them into us by email to: firstname.lastname@example.org or by post to: Mount House, Halse, Taunton, TA4 3AD. Your event can also be listed on: www.countrygardener.co.uk Sign up to add your events today
A weedfree strategy? It may not be possible to entirely keep your garden free from weeds but if you need to keep winning the weed battle you need a strategy If you were to track every hour spent in your garden, you would probably find that you do an inordinate amount of weeding. And while the first few weeks of tearing up these intruders can prove mildly satisfying, the chore soon wears thin. Even more maddening—you are a few simple strategies away from your garden not needing weeds anymore. LEt sLEEpIng wEEds LIE Kill weeds at their roots but leave the soil-and dormant weed seeds—largely undisturbed. Every square inch of your garden contains weed seeds, but only those in the top inch or two of soil get enough light to trigger germination. digging and cultivating brings hidden weed seeds to the surface, so assume weed seeds are there ready to erupt, like ants from an upset anthill, every time you open a patch of ground. dig only when you need to and immediately salve the disturbed spot with plants or mulch. Keep in mind that weed seeds can remain dormant for a long, long time. MuLch, MuLch, MuLch Mulch benefits plants by keeping the soil cool and moist and depriving weeds of light. Organic mulches, in particular, can actually host crickets and carabid beetles, which seek out and devour thousands of weed seeds. some light passes through chunky mulches, and often you will discover—too late—that the mulch you used was laced with weed seeds. It’s important to replenish the mulch as needed to keep it about two inches deep (more than three inches deep can deprive soil of oxygen). If you’re a new gardener—or you’re working in a wild and weedy space—the first season will likely be a rough one. commit and stick to a weeding schedule, and don’t take on more space than you can manage. If you have more weeds than you can handle, keep weedy areas mowed until you’re ready to conquer them. the old saying ‘pull when wet; hoe when dry’ is wise advice when facing down weeds. After a drenching rain, stage a rewarding weeding session by equipping yourself with gloves, a sitting stool, and a trug for collecting the corpses. As you head out the door, slip an old table fork into your back pocket because there’s nothing better for twisting out tendrils of henbit or chickweed. when going after bigger thugs, use a weeder to pry up taprooted weeds, like dandelion or dock. 60
under dry conditions, weeds sliced off just below the soil line promptly shrivel up and die, especially if your hoe has a sharp edge. LOp thEIr hEAds Off when you can’t remove weeds, the next best thing is to chop off their heads. with annual weeds, deadheading buys you a few weeks of time before the weed ‘seed rain’ begins. cutting back the tops of perennial weeds, like bindweed, reduces reseeding and forces them to use up food reserves and exhaust their supply of root buds, thus limiting their spread. wAtEr thE pLAnts yOu wAnt, nOt thE wEEds yOu’vE gOt put drought on your side by depriving weeds of water. placing drip or soaker hoses beneath mulch efficiently irrigates plants while leaving nearby weeds thirsty. In most areas, depriving weeds of water reduces weed-seed germination by 50 to 70 per cent. watch out, though, for the appearance of deeply rooted perennial weeds, such as bindweed in areas that are kept moist. they can take off in a flash when given the benefits of drip irrigation. Enriching your soil with organic matter every chance you get can move your garden along down the weed-free path. soil scientists aren’t sure how it works, but fewer weed seeds germinate in soil that contains fresh infusions of good compost or organic matter. One theory makes elegantly simple sense: when soil is healthy and well fed, weed seeds sense that they are out of a job and are less likely to appear.
ONE DAY wonder
A lot of gardeners are rightly getting excited about a gorgeous plant from the ginger family with its succession of wonderful lily-like flowers in spring They resemble orchids with delicate spring flowers. But it’s the fact that Roscoea cautleoides produces a wonderful series of day long flowers that has made them something of a hidden delight for gardeners. These rather exotic-looking plants, loosely allied to the ginger family, look like irises to some and certainly orchids to others. Their appearance seems to suggest a lack of hardiness to gardeners, but these tuberous, rooted plants are hardy if planted deeply. Some Roscoea species and cultivars, including R. cautleyoides, are grown in rock gardens. They generally require a relatively sunny position with moisture-retaining but well-drained soil. As they do not appear above ground until late spring or even early summer, they escape frost damage in regions where subzero temperatures occur. R. cautleyoides has been described as a robust plant that can cope with sunnier conditions and drier soil than other species of Roscoea. In cultivation, the various colour forms were noted as flowering at different times, yellow forms usually flowering before purple ones, which could start flowering as late as June. Roscoeas grow in grassland, on screes, or on the edges of deciduous woodland at moderate heights of 1,200–5,000 metres (4,000–16,000 ft) along the Himalayas and into China. There are up to 17 species in all and eight are found in China. They are prompted into growth at the start of the monsoon season, emerging later than most plants, so they enjoy latespring and early-summer rain but actively resent dry weather and scorching sun. Roscoeas form tuberous roots that resemble small dahlia tubers. These push downwards to form vertical roots in the soil, before dying back in winter to leave a gap. These tubers are very vulnerable if left in a pot during winter, so if you buy
a roscoea do plant it as soon as possible and as deeply as you can. Otherwise you may lose your plant. The stems of roscoeas are formed from tightly wrapped leaves and these can colour up in some cases. A good form of ‘Red Ghurka’ will have red stems and red flowers, for instance. The flowers are unique, having a hooded top ‘petal’ and three lower ‘petals’, looking rather like slipper orchids in shape. They prefer semi-shade but will tolerate a sunny position if plenty of moisture is present during the summer. Avoid deep shade which will draw the plants up, making them floppy, and reduce leaf colour. Roscoea flowers are long-lasting in shadier positions, giving four to six weeks of interest. The flowers of most can shrivel in hot sun, so site them carefully. The top of the crown should be planted four to six inches below the soil level. As the plant settles in, the tubers will go deeper, but if your garden is cold it is best to surface mulch for the first three years to provide extra frost protection. Use bark in the woodland garden, or gravel on a scree, as your mulch. Mark their positions well because they are much later to appear than most plants. Be patient and water the ground well in dry April and May weather to promote growth. Divide large roscoea plants every three-four years in April, before the tubers begin to grow. Other shorter forms, found naturally on screes in the wild, are perfect for the alpine slope in sunnier situations. So you do need to select your varieties and forms. Good winter drainage is essential for both types, but alpine screes and woodland gardens tend to have good drainage. The genus name Roscoea commemorates William Roscoe who lived from 1753 to 1831, a multi skilled Liverpudlian who became a successful lawyer, banker and founder of the Liverpool Botanic Garden. He was a keen botanist and was thrilled when in 1806 after the discovery in Nepal of the first species the new genus was named after him.
• Watch the weath er closely – the be st time to harden pl ants off is on wet or overcast days under cover of a greenhouse or cold frame. • Once hardened off and planted ou t, watch the weather – even if a late frost is fore cast, plants can be covered w ith fleece and still survive. • When taking plan ts outside, don’t pl ace them on the ground whe re slugs can get to th em. • Limit the amount of direct sunlight they receive – choosin g a place which is shaded in the afternoon. • ‘Hedge your be ts’ and keep a few plants back inside as an insura nce policy.
It's time to plant young seedlings, raised indoors, out in the garden or allotment. But do it too abruptly and you'll kill them. Here’s how to 'harden off' plants safely Plants raised indoors or in a greenhouse need to be acclimatised to cooler temperatures, lower humidity and increased air movement for about two to three weeks before they are planted outdoors. This ‘toughening up’ process is known as hardening off. Without this vital step it is all too easy to lose precious plants or have them wilt from the sudden change in conditions between a warm windowsill and a draughty garden. How best to harden plants off is the subject of much debate amongst experienced gardeners. Young plants bought from nurseries or grown from seed or cuttings at home for summer display outdoors when the weather improves often need to be hardened off. Hardening off allows plants to adapt from being in a protected, stable environment to changeable, harsher outdoor conditions. If suddenly placed outside, the shock can severely check a plant's growth. Although plants usually recover eventually, hardening off is thought to be preferable to a sudden shock. The effect of hardening off is to thicken and alter the plant's leaf structure and increase leaf waxiness. It ensures new growth is sturdy although growth will be much slower than in the greenhouse. But be warned: hardening off does not make frost-sensitive plants hardy.
WHEN TO HARDEN PLANTS OFF Typically hardening off takes two to three weeks, but the warmer the initial growing conditions, the longer the hardening off period. Hardy plants acclimatise faster than halfhardy or tender types. To be on the safe side, do not plant out tender plants before the date of the last frost which is usually late spring in the south of England, later in the north and Scotland.
HOW TO HARDEN PLANTS OFF All plants are hardened off in gradual stages. Plants raised in heated glasshouses and on windowsills 62
should go first into a cold glasshouse if available. When moving plants out of propagator it is best to do so on an overcast dull day as this will help reduce wilting. After two weeks in these cooler conditions, plants should be moved into a well-ventilated cold frame. If you don't have a greenhouse, move plants into a cold frame, with the lid open slightly during the days of the first week and closed at night. Gradually raise the lid during the next fortnight until removing it entirely prior to planting. A cloche may be used but this does not give as much frost protection as a cold frame. If there are no specialist facilities available, place plants in a sheltered position in front of a south-facing wall or hedge and cover with two layers of fleece to prevent sun scorch and temperature shock. For the first week, leave outside during the day, but bring in at night. In the second week reduce to one layer of fleece. Towards the end of the fortnight remove the fleece during the day. If the weather is suitable leave the plants outside at night but ensure they are covered. Towards the end of the third week leave them uncovered before planting out. Covering with an old curtain or extra fleece can protect from sudden sharp night frosts that occasionally occur in late spring.
Roses Country Fayre Garden Centre Cafe Rosie Now Open
Visit Roses Country Fayre - a family garden centre, offering high quality at great value Our top selected homegrown plants are for sale in our garden centre We have an expanded range of alpines, perennials, herbs, shrubs and trees
Visit the delightful Cafe Rosie - homemade cakes and light lunches make this the perfect spot to relax
Producing top quality plants for over 35 years
Postcode GL18 1DL
B4221 to Ross, Gorsley
Ledbury Road, Newent, Gloucestershire, GL18 1DL 01531 821242 email@example.com www.rosesgardencentre.co.uk www.facebook.com/rosesgardencentre
Try our lovely new coffee shop - with outdoor seating and childrenâ€™s play area!
B4215 Ledbury Road
To Ledbury, Hereford
We also stock a wide range of garden pots, furniture, composts, plant feeds and more!
B4215 to Newent Gloucester
Herefordshire’s Most Inspirational Plant Centre
Newent Plant Centre @ The Nest, Little Verzons, Ledbury Hanging Baskets
- we have over 80 varieties of plants to create your own stunning baskets
- or let us refill your baskets. Traditional Ready - Planted Baskets also available
Come and say ‘Hello’ to us at the
Easy to grow Vegetable plants
RHS Malvern Spring Festival
“Veg Bed” and containers
- in the RHS Floral Marquee
- come and be inspired with our Thousands of Trees,
Shrubs, Roses, Climbers,
Alpines, Herbs... many grown
on our own nursery
All laid out in a garden setting Over 100 varieites of Heuchera “Collectors Corner” of Unusual and hard to find plants
Friendly advice always available from Mark and his team
Verzons Hotel HEREFORD
Newent Plant Centre @ The Nest
A4172 DYMOCK & NEWENT
Find us @ just 3 miles west of Ledbury on the A438
Open 7 Days a week Newent Plant Centre @ The Nest, Little Verzons, Hereford Road, Ledbury. HR8 2PZ Tel: 01531 670121 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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The May 2017 Issue of Cotswolds Country Gardener Magazine