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cornell university

cornell university Department Of Architecture

Master of Architecture Core Design Studio Work

VI

2013

department of architecture

spring 2013 _fall 2011


faculty name

cornell university Department Of Architecture

Master of Architecture Core Design Studio VI atelier bow wow (spring 2013) Mia Miyoung Kang Bradley James Kinsey Jr. Heriberto Rodriguez Valenzuela inaqui carnicero (spring 2013) James Blair tod williams + billie tsien (spring 2013) Kwan Ho Felita Li arthur ovaska (spring 2012) Hyun Chung Gunho Kim andrea simitch (spring 2012 ) Ida Tam

aap

student name

lise anne couture + dana cupkova (spring 2011) Pak Kiu Wong & Zheng Huang

spring 2013 _fall 2011


atelier bow wow

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01_Aerial view of Francon Quarry (Summer) 02_Aerial view of Francon Quarry (Winter) 03_Invisible walkway (Fall) 04_Invisible walkway (Winter) right

01_Salt characteristics and chemistry student: Mia Miyoung Kang

critics: Momoyo Kaijima

Yoshiharu Tsukamoto Steven Chodoriwsky

mia miyoung kang

Invisible Winter takes its impetus from Montreal’s snow removal system, leading to a utilization of the ‘ingredients’ of its process, salt and snow, to create new green space. With a program of bridge, walkway and restaurant, the proposal maintains the purity of the quarry as a natural observatory in various seasons, its architecture becoming invisible during the winter. Urbanization, climate and waste are major issues with global relevance that affect the sustainability of our future. This project addresses these issues in the context of a marginalized neighborhood, Saint-Michael, Montreal, one of the poorest areas of Canada. Saint-Michel is disconnected from surrounding communities by train tracks, a highway, and a 2000m (6560ft) by 530m (1740ft) hole in the ground: the Francon Quarry (830,000 sq.m). The vocation of the quarries as burying sites and snow dumps represented a physical as well as a psychological barrier. snow removal

Core Design Studio VI

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Weather in Montréal is extreme and variable, with hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters. Like other winter cities, snow is collected from the streets and trucked to disposal sites. This urban service is important for ensuring the viability of activity, especially to residents living by disposal sites. Montréal has half dozen major snowfalls per year; 120,000 tons of salt are also spread onto city streets each year to melt ice, and dumped into the disposal sites along with the snow, particularly the Francon Quarry.


atelier bow wow

site

Francon quarry has been inactive since 1981 and will never be active again. It is in the central part of the city of Montréal (pop. over 2.5 million), in a residential area, and owned by the City. It is used for snow dumping in winter.

cascading snow mountain. It also prepares ground of quarry for arrival of salicornia in the spring, which will be farmed in its natural setting.

16th-18th century: Quarry created in conjunction with early growth of the compact city and as a result, area surrounding quarry developed industrial character.

In order to transform existing quarry into a green space during spring, summer, and fall seasons, salt dependent and salt tolerant plants (halophyte) investigated to be introduced into quarry bottom. Through this investigation, Salicornia was discovered.

19th-20th century: Population increased and city grew even larger, other major quarries develop as original pit fails into disuse. The population grew, parishes were created, houses were built, and factories were opened. Late 20th century: Quarry became inactive space and industrial activities subsided with impacts on established neighborhood. Francon quarry was no longer exploited. salt

Each year over 120,000 tons of road salt and 13,000 tons of sand are used in Montreal to clear streets and sidewalks, 5 million tones entire Canada. 19% of Montreal’s snow+salt mixture are brought to Francon quarry winter, where its accumulation create

salicornia

Salicornia is a genus of succulent (salt dependent), that grow in salt marshes and on beaches. Salicornia species are native to North America, Europe, South Africa, and South Asia. These are occasionally sold in grocery stores or appear on restaurant menus as ‘sea beans’. In Montreal, salicornia is considered as local delicacy. Since the plant is a halophytic coastline species which grows in saltwater, it can be irrigated with seawater, making it a potential crop for landscapes that can support few other crop plants. Salicornia can grow in a soil salinity of up to 10%, but is typically found in natural salicornia areas has approximately 1.7% salt. After snow+salt accumulation in winter, Francon quarry has salinity of 1.9% salt

2013

mia miyoung kang

Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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mia miyoung kang

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Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

seasons

Winter: As snow + salt accumulate creating cascading snow mountain for viewing, it does not know what it will be responsible for. Snow and salt “ingredient� from snow removal prepare ground of quarry for arrival of salicornia in the spring. Spring: salt dependent salicornia sprout covering the site turning the quarry bright green. Summer: walkers who know of salicornia make their way down to quarry through a walking path to forage salicornia. Remaining salicornia will be harvested for distribution. Fall: as remaining salicornia prepares for its death, it turns bright red turning the entire quarry into a scene that hasn’t been seen before. Again, preparing the site to received snow+salt for next generation.

mia miyoung kang

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01-03_Salicornia 04_Plant habitat and type right

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01_View of walkway at quarry wall

Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

invisible walkway, bridge

+ restaurant

Architecture enhances the interaction of viewer and its environment in all seasons. Bridge and walkway serves as observatory where one will float above quarry, almost invisible to naked eye, being able to view entire quarry including straight below.

will be introduced at north. As one walks above the bridge, he/she will be able to view the entire quarry, including below. Walkway that meanders along the quarry wall is entered at the mid-point of the bridge.

Idea of invisible bridge was developed with the idea of keeping architecture to enhance the experience of viewing, therefore disappearing into its surrounding during various seasons. In winter, view of cascading snow mountain, spring, summer, fall, view of salicornia.

As one ventures along the quarry wall on the walkway, one could walk over trees at moments and enter quarry wall to restaurant. Restaurant is embedded in quarry wall, where walkers enter through a small opening, just to be opened again to view the quarry. Restaurant utilizes salicornia as their main ingredient.

Taking the idea form abandoned suspended quarry kart tracks that once stretched from one end of quarry to the other during mining era, new bridge float above quarry, almost invisible to naked eye.

mia miyoung kang

Entry to the bridge is located at existing green space at south and existing abandoned lot at north. New transportation hub

Bridge and walkways are constructed from metal grill, which allow structure to transform by its environment in various seasons. During winter, bridge and walkway become invisible to naked eye, due to its material and porosity next to whiteness of snow. During spring, summer, and fall, walkway will transform according to the growth of surrounding plants.

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Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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mia miyoung kang

Core Design Studio VI


mia miyoung kang

atelier bow wow

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01_Invisible bridge from the southwest right

01_Invisible bridge with walkway at center

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Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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mia miyoung kang

Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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student: Bradley James Kinsey Jr. critics: Momoyo Kaijima

bradley james kinsey jr.

Yoshiharu Tsukamoto Steven Chodoriwsky

BASE RESEARCH: Marginalized Green Space

Spanning the exposed section of Ville-Marie Expressway 720 between Place-d’Armes & Champ-de-Mars metro stations. Spaces connecting them addresses the issue of urban voids in Montreal — unused space, barrier space, commodified space. A public enclosure and unified infrastructural system inhabits the liminal zone between the underground city and the ground plane.

As the 720 cuts through the heart of Montreal, different methods are used to create a barrier between the highway and the city. The expressway is both a visual as well as a noise issue. Through the heart of downtown, the expressway is buried, while in other areas, earth mounds are created and vegetation is planted to create barriers. This space is commonly seen as infrastructural and not inhabitable green space.

BASE RESEARCH: Infrastructure

BASE RESEARCH: Icicles

An initial analysis of Montreal was focused on a comparison of the city’s infrastructural systems. The way in which the city has developed to incorporate movement throughout the year—both in summer and winter—displays a greater understanding of the city’s attitude towards the seasonal shift. This study also displayed an overlap of activity in the center of the city.

Icicles are primarily a product of the thawing and freezing of water on a pitched surface. Of- ten times this is seen on houses with poor insulation, which warms ice or snow on the roof and develops a freezing pattern. Larger and denser icicles are more likely to form at valley points. Icicles can be a serious safety issue in urban areas with tall buildings lining busy sidewalks. In 2010 alone, “falling icicles [] killed five and injured 150 people in

Core Design Studio VI

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INTRODUCTION: Spaces Connecting Them


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01_Winter and summer bike lanes 02_Greenspace and highway locations right

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St. Petersburg” (http:// www.telegraph. co.uk/). Signs are often placed at points of danger, however, they are commonly ignored. According to Michael J. Smith, a professor in the University of Wisconsin at Madison’s industrial and systems engineering department, “the best solutions are to keep people away from danger zones using ways that block their path into the danger areas such as snow fences or barriers. ... Blocking access to ice fall areas is the most feasible of effective solutions, and relying simply on caution signs is a weak approach” (www.theatlanticcities.com).

shelters, bringing the total available beds up to about 700. On a winter night in 2008, a homeless man was found dead in Viger Park. ‘They’ll play cards, they’ll do artwork, they’ll listen to music,’ said George Greene of the mission, where there are no beds, but people will find a way sleep where they can. The Old Brewery Mission van has a driver with a knack for convincing people to come aboard, said Matthew Pearce of the mission. ‘We think if they can warm up inside the bus they’ll stay, Hey this is better than freezing outside,’ he said.” (montreal.ctvnews.ca)

BASE RESEARCH: The Homeless Winter Condition

BASE RESEARCH: Biking

“With the wind chill, Monday night will feel like minus 32 Celsius – a night that’s just too cold to spend outside. Organizations that work with the homeless say they are glad the government funded 35 more beds this winter in Montreal

Montreal, Canada is a winter city. From November to March (and sometimes even April) the city grows cold, the days are short and it snows – sometimes a lot. Even so, in recent years cycling in winter months has increased dramatically many people retire

Core Design Studio VI

bradley james kinsey jr.

01_Programmatic zones 02_Metro lines


atelier bow wow

BASE RESEARCH: Biking (continued)

months. It will be interesting to see if Montreal, known for its cold and snowy winters, will be able to significantly increase its bicycling mode share over the next few years. (cnu.org) The City of Montreal introduced the Bixi Montreal bicycle share system May 2009, in an effort to encourage locals and tourists to make use of the city’s already well-established network of bike paths (wikipedia.org). While the bicycles were designed to take the wear of all four seasons, the bixi system only operates from April through November (montreal.bixi.com).

bradley james kinsey jr.

their bicycle in the winter, preferring public transit or driving. Environnement Jeunnesse (ENJEU) has given it a new spin and a new name, “2 roues, 4 saisons” (2 wheels, 4 seasons). This campaign is specifically designed to get people on bicycles year round. In recent years, the city of Montreal has become more active on the issue of sustainable transportation, including a transportation plan that intends to double the bicycle route ne work and to add a “white network,” a network of bicycle routes that would remain cleared of snow for regular use in the winter

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Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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bradley james kinsey jr.

Core Design Studio VI


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15min walk from site

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15min walk from site

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Green Space

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Old Mission Brewery

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bradley james kinsey jr.

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Underground City

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Metro Stations Fast Food + Coffee Shop Chains Green Space

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01_Metro stations, fast food and coffee shop chains 02_Site plan with 15-minute walking radius demarcation right

01_Interior perspective 2013

Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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bradley james kinsey jr.

Core Design Studio VI


heriberto rodriguez valenzuela

atelier bow wow

student: Heriberto Rodriguez Valenzuela critics: Momoyo Kaijima

Yoshiharu Tsukamoto Steven Chodoriwsky

Winter Plug-Ins charts the evolution of house typologies in the borough of Ville-Marie, focusing on the most recent one — apartments — where developers create block-wide complexes with row-house-like characteristics. An exhaustive production of units creates nuanced characteristics where specific winter interventions start to find a place. left

01_Drawer storage at 2071 Rue Wolfe 2013

Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

heriberto rodriguez valenzuela

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01_Parking lot coverage at 1784 Rue Montcalm

Core Design Studio VI


heriberto rodriguez valenzuela

atelier bow wow

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Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

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heriberto rodriguez valenzuela

Core Design Studio VI


heriberto rodriguez valenzuela

atelier bow wow

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01_Vertical Storage at 2074 Rue Florian 2013

Core Design Studio VI


atelier bow wow

heriberto rodriguez valenzuela

right

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01_Vestibule and Coverage at 1254 Rue Montcalm

Core Design Studio VI


inaqui carnicero

student: James Blair

critics: IĂąaqui Carnicero

INTRODUCTION

The re-use of Legazpi Market focused on integrating the massive structure back into the surrounding area. The site is situated at a new and exciting nexus within Madrid. Due to the creation of Madrid Rio, a huge public works project which turned a once disconnected waterfront into a brilliant public park, the Legazpi Market is now the parks terminus. The project makes strategic breaks in the existing structure while adding new structures to the interior courtyard. By creating a campus the new structure creates numerous smaller courtyards creating a sequence between structure and landscape, between new and old, and between the surroundings and the site. SITE PLAN

Slaughter House The slaughter house is a major attraction in the area and is currently the terminus of the Madrid Rio park project. Tieing the renovation of Legazpi to the slaughter house is essential for the success of the future construction.

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james blair

Park The Madrid Rio Park is one of the largest undertaking civic undertakings. The project is an injection in the forgotten wester edge of Madrid. The connection to the park will act as a terminus for the park and a critical draw for pedestrian. Residential Legazpi resides at a nexus within Madrid. The site is situated between a largely residential community, the slaughter house, and a recently completed linear park. The above diagrams show how the site is broken up in order to create a assessable site, for both pedestrian and vehicular.

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01_Exterior photo of Legazpi Market right

01_Aerial perspective of site

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Core Design Studio VI

Subway Whenever I find myself growing grim about the mouth; whenever it is a damp, drizzly November in my soul; whenever I find myself involuntarily pausing before coffin warehouses, and bringing up the rear of every funeral I meet; and especially whenever my hypos get such an upper hand of me, that it requires a strong moral principle to prevent me from deliberately stepping into the street, and methodically knocking people’s hats off - then, I account it high time to get to sea as soon as I can.


inaqui carnicero

2013

james blair

Core Design Studio VI


james blair

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01_Plan (Basement) 02_Plan (1st Floor) right

01_Plan (2nd Floor) 02_Plan (3rd Floor) 2013

Core Design Studio VI


inaqui carnicero

james blair

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2013

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Core Design Studio VI


tod williams

& billie tsien

student: Kwan Ho Felita Li critics: Billie Tsien

Tod Williams Amber Bartosh

INTRODUCTION

The project was conceived as a planning extension to the existing placement of the dormitories, to complete the courtyard arrangement on the whole, to extend the future development by aligning the building east to west, and to orient towards duck pond. PRECEDENT

Following up on the precedent study of the Tietgen Dormitory, I was interested in the ambiguity of the public private space organized within the complex and therefore I challenged to create a two storey ada accessbble building that integrates human flow from the berm and the ground level. The result was a spatial journey that separates the public and private with two different courtyards and ending the journey with the contemplative space as the central rotating element that separates the dormitory and the public sphere on the berm level.

kwan ho felita li

MATERIAL & WATER

The facade treatment of each page was carefully thought through. Stone panels were treated along each of the pages as inner panels wrapped by concrete. The punctures was accentuated by the fronted glass balustrades that protrudes along the horizontal edges of the pages defined by the stone facades. Water was a continous element that bridges the pages as a circulation element, bringing one from the berm and descends into the coutyard and lastely into the most private entry of the dormitory.

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Core Design Studio VI


tod williams

& billie tsien

2013

kwan ho felita li

Core Design Studio VI


& billie tsien

kwan ho felita li

tod williams

2013

Core Design Studio VI


tod williams

& billie tsien

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kwan ho felita li

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01_Interior Perspective (Courtyard) right

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01_Interior Perspective (Bridge) 02_Interior Perspective (Entry) 03_Interior Perspective (Water)

Core Design Studio VI


arthur ovaska

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Schindler 2012

Schindler 2012

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Diagrams

hyun chung

Hyun Chung

Schindler 2012

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hyun chung: Hostel, City, Infrastructure

04 critic: Arthur Ovaska

Diagrams Diagrams Arch 4101,4102,5101,5116 - Spring 2012 - Vertical Option Studio - Ò Collective Form and Landscape - Densities in HelvetiaÓ - Prof A. Ovaska & Marili Santos-MunnŽ Hyun Chung 6 Arch 4101,4102,5101,5116 - Spring 2012 - Vertical Option Studio - Ò Collective Form and Landscape - Densit Hyun Chung Arch 4101,4102,5101,5116 - Spring 2012 - Vertical Option Studio - Ò Collective Form and Landscape - Densities in HelvetiaÓ - Prof A. Ovaska & Marili Santos-MunnŽ 6

Introduction The site is currently used as a public parking garage in the center of Bern, Switzerland. It is located in between two old bridges above the gorge, and has a potential to be a physical joint between old and new city fabric. The project is widely opened for the students in terms of new program and building form to create a symbol of the old city.

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01_Site plan 01-03_Design process diagrams right

Core Design Studio VI

2012

01_Plan

Rather than designing building on the top of the site, I suggested remaining the site as urban void to open a new public space and inserting a hostel building into the gorge area. Thus, the project is to share an architecture for the city as a new public social hub both programatically and physically. The building’s outer circulation becomes an public infrastructure - new vertical transportation system from the river side - while, this becomes a trigger to happen multiple activities in its body simultaneously.


arthur ovaska

2012

hyun chung

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Core Design Studio VI

Arch 4101,4102,5101,5116 - Spring 2012 - Vertical Option Studio - Ò Collective Form and Landscape - Densities in HelvetiaÓ - Prof A. O


arthur ovaska

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hyun chung

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01-03_Interior perspectives right

01_VIew from exterior 2012

Core Design Studio VI


arthur ovaska

2012

hyun chung

Core Design Studio VI


arthur ovaska

student: Gunho Kim

gunho kim

critic:

Arthur Ovaska

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Core Design Studio VI


arthur ovaska

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01_Aerial photograph right

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gunho kim

01_Plan 02-04_Plan diagrams

Core Design Studio VI


gunho kim

arthur ovaska

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01_Exterior Perspective right

01_Exterior Perspective 02_Interior Perspective

2012

Core Design Studio VI


arthur ovaska

2012

gunho kim

Core Design Studio VI


andrea simitch

student: Ida Tam critic:

Andrea Simitch

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ida tam

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01-03_Interior Perspectives right

01_Interior Perspective

2012

Core Design Studio VI


andrea simitch

2012

ida tam

Core Design Studio VI


ida tam

andrea simitch

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01_Site plan and aerial right

01_Conceptual sketch 2012

Core Design Studio VI


andrea simitch

2012

ida tam

Core Design Studio VI


dana cupkova

& lise ann couture

student: Pak Kiu Wong & Zheng Huang

Dana Cupkova & Lise Ann Couture

pak kiu wong

& zheng huang

critics:

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Cornell University AAP, Department of Architecture Option Design Studio, Spring 2011 Semester Instructors: Dana Cupkova & Lise Anne Couture

Cornell University AAP, Department of Architecture Option Design Studio, Spring 2011 Semester Instructors: Dana Cupkova & Lise Anne Couture

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Cornell University AAP, Department of Architecture Option Design Studio, Spring 2011 Semester Instructors: Dana Cupkova & Lise Anne Couture

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PAK KIU WONG

PAK KIU WONG

_ basic composite

_ 1-sided aggregation

+ 1.00 0

PERSPECTIVE

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PAK KIU WONG

4.5'

_ 2-sided aggregation

start : -30 degree end : 30 degree

start : -45 degree end : 45 degree

start : -60 degree end : 60 degree

start : -90 degree end : 90 degree

start : -30 degree end : 30 degree

start : -45 degree end : 45 degree

start : -60 degree end : 60 degree

start : -90 degree end : 90 degree

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Core Design Studio VI


dana cupkova

& lise ann couture

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01_Study model 02_Scale iterations 03_Aggregation iterations 04_Rotation iterations right

01_Interior perspective

pak kiu wong

2011

& zheng huang

Core Design Studio VI


& lise ann couture

pak kiu wong

& zheng huang

dana cupkova

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01_Interior perspective right

01_Aggregation study 02-04_ 03_Basic Composite, 1-sided aggregation, 2-sided aggregation catalogue 2011

Core Design Studio VI


dana cupkova

& lise ann couture

pak kiu wong

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& zheng huang

Cornell University AAP, Department of Architecture Option Design Studio, Spring 2011 Semester Instructors: Dana Cupkova & Lise Anne Couture

Cornell University AAP, Department of Architecture Option Design Studio, Spring 2011 Semester Instructors: Dana Cupkova & Lise Anne Couture

UNBOXED

UNBOXED

Zheng Huang

component1

porosity

component2

porosity

Zheng Huang

Mirror

Mirror

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Mirror+rotate

Mirror+shift

Cornell University AAP, Department of Architecture Option Design Studio, Spring 2011 Semester Instructors: Dana Cupkova & Lise Anne Couture

component1+2

porosity

component3+4

porosity

UNBOXED Zheng Huang

component1

porosity

Disproportion

Scale-XY plane

Scale-YZ plane Mirror+shift

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component2

porosity


dana cupkova

temporary exhitbit

& lise ann couture

RIVER ENTRY

bookstore

temporary exhibit

& zheng huang

bookstore

pak kiu wong

cafe

HIGHLINE ENTRY

LOADING ZONE

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01_Program diagram 2011

Core Design Studio VI


dana cupkova

& lise ann couture

RIVER ENTRY

pak kiu wong

& zheng huang

HIGHLINE ENTRY

LOADING ZONE

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TRAFFIC FLOW

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2011

01_Public / private space diagram

Core Design Studio VI


M.Arch. Core Design Studio VI