Construction Review Africa

Page 1

Since 1989

February 2018, Vol 29 No.2 Africa's leading construction journal

Modular Construction Africa’s solution to Urbanisation

Having a Modern Bathroom Diesel generators for Africa Epoxy flooring’ uniqueness




+254 780 891 710|+ 254 780 891 709

Total Formwork Solutions Provider!

Kumkang Kind Aluminum Formwork Lightweight Average 23kg/m2

Not dependent on tower crane Manual transportation by labors

Monolithic construction Single concrete pour for all structures

Time saver

Average 4 to 7 days cycle per floor

Repetition Average 150~300 repetition per panels

Environment friendly High scrap value

Kumkang Kind East Africa Office 15A, Mezzanine 2 , The Mirage, Chiromo Rd Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya Tel. 254-2-0250-0882

Headquarters Kumkang Kind BLDG., 16, Hyoryeong-ro 60-gil, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea Tel. 82-2-3415-4154 Fax. 82-2-3415-4165

MANAGING EDITOR Robert Barnes DEPUTY MANAGING EDITOR Francis Makari FEATURES EDITOR Dennis Ayemba COUNTRY EDITORS Kenya - Anthony Kiganda Uganda - Betty Nabakooza Nigeria - Boladale Ademiju South Africa - Jimmy Swira WRITERS Yvonne Andiva, Dorcas Kang'ereha, Pascal Musungu, Nita Karume, Moreen Gakii WEB & GRAPHIC DESIGN Margaret Atieno

Next Issue

Since 1989

March 2018, Vol 31 No.3 Africa's leading construction journal

In the next issue, we look at Airport development in Africa. March 2018

Sales and Marketing Manager Ken Okore

CON Vol 31 No. 3

ADVERTISING Kenya: William Mutama, Trizah Njoroge, Lilian Khavosa, Fredrick Otieno South Africa: Thuli Nkosi, Winnie Sentabire, Angeline Ntobeng,

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Uganda: Nobert Turiyo, Selina Salumah Namuli Botswana: Dickson Manyudza, Gerald Mazikana Ethiopia: Haimanot Tesfaye, Ruth Girma Tanzania: Tom Kiage


Malawi: Anderson Fumulani

Editor's Comment 3

Ghana: Samuel Hinneh, Caleb Donne Hadjah

Corporate News 4

Zambia: Susan Kandeke

Association News 5

Zimbabwe: Chiedza Chimombe

Events 6

Rwanda: Collison Lore

Product News 7

Nigeria: Seni Bello

Management 8

China:Weng Jie

The editor accepts letters and manuscripts for publication from readers all over the world. Include your name and address as a sign of good faith although you may request your name to be withheld from publication. We reserve the right to edit any material submitted .

Send your letters to: Construction Review is published eleven times a year and is circulated to members of relevant associations, governmental bodies and other personnel in the building and construction industry as well as suppliers of equipment, materials and services in Africa, the Middle and Far East. The editor welcomes articles and photographs for consideration. Material may not be reproduced without prior permission from the publisher. The publisher does not accept responsibility for the accuracy or authenticity of advertisements or contributions contained in the journal. Views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the publisher. © All rights reserved.

Interview - CEO of Centennial Generating Company talks about

how the Company is financing, installing & operating Solar PV projects


COVER STORY: 12 Modular Construction: Africa’s solution to low cost housing Bathrooms : Having a Modern Cozy Bathroom


Flooring: Factors that give epoxy flooring an edge over other options 18 Diesel Generator: Reliable back-up power for Africa


Piling: Innovative solutions help bridge KZN community


Published by Group Africa Publishing Ltd Head Office: Consolidated Bank House, 4th floor, Koinange Street, Nairobi 00100 Kenya, Tel: +254 772642042, +254-20-2213607 Email: Uganda Agent Projects Unusual Uganda Ltd. Jemba Plaza, Luwum St. Kampala, Uganda Tel: +256 776 883181 Botswana Agent Cadline (Pty) Ltd. P/Bag 494 Gaborone, Botswana.

Tel: +267 318 7101, Fax: +267 318 102 E-mail: South Africa Agent College Publishers CC 1st Floor, 267 Oak Avenue, Oakfields, Randburg, Johannesburg Tel: +27 11 781 4253, Fax: +27 11 781 4287 Email: Ethiopia Agent Haymi Advertising Services 22 Mazoria, Genet Bldg 4th Flr P.O. Box 1316 - 1110 Addis Ababa Tel: +251 118 955 855, Cell: +251 930 099 152


February 2018 Volume 29 No. 2

Editor's Comment


Solving Africa’s housing problem the modular way

Alone, epoxy flooring systems’ extreme mechanical and chemical resistance make them the flooring of choice in many industrial fields of application.

Africa is a diverse continent, with roughly 1bn people in 54 countries. However, many of its economies are facing similar challenges. One of the most common obstacles African countries face is a shortage of affordable housing. For instance Kenya has a housing


gap of approximately 2m homes, while more than 12m people in Egypt live in informal buildings. Urbanization has put immense amount of pressure

Back up Generators

on existing infrastructure and housing stock and without decisive intervention, this situation is not

Today in terms of cost per kVA,

going to improve. By 2050 African countries will

flexibility and responsiveness, there is

have to find accommodation in urban settlements for 900m new home seekers. The scale of this demand is

still no better source of standby power

unprecedented, the developed world having had over

than a diesel generator

two and a half centuries to construct the same amount of accommodation.


However, with the adoption of new technologies like modular construction, developers will become more innovative about how they design and build commercial real estates and Africa’s urbanization

Welding Machinery: Plastic welding with semi-automatic control


will have the potential to be more profitable and

Steel Utility Poles : Economical, Safe and Ecofriendly Transmission



Project: Expansion of Lanseria Airport Control Tower


KISM Headquarters Project: A Signature Project by Scope Design Systems 34 Anka Consultants Limited: : A decade of unrivaled service 38

Robert Barnes

Profile: Plumbing Systems Limited 40



Ghana Agent Image Consortium 1st Floor, The Ecobank Building, Tesano. Tel: 233(0)30 223 2728 I 233(0)274807127 I +233(0)206299159 Fax: 233(0)24 882 8286 Email:,

Nigeria Agent Rahma Associates B23/24, Aishetu Emoewa Plaza, 196, Iju Water Works Road, Ifako Ijaye Lga,Agege, Lagos. Tel: 234-1-7347860 Email:

Kenya Agent Northwest Ventures Ltd P.O. Box 16414 - 00100 G.P.O Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 20 2679809 I 2679808, 2091305

Rwanda Agent Kolline & Hemed Inc., B.P. 3328, Kigali, Rwanda Tel: +250 03 748106 E-mail: Website:

Zambia Agent Dayflex Limited, 4th. Floor Tazara House Dedan Kimathi Road, Lusaka, Zambia. Tel: +260 211 230 529 / +260 977 756 663 Email:, Tanzania Agent J. G. Enterpreneur Co. Ltd P. O. Box 15714 Dar es Salaam Tanzania Tel: + 255 752 059663 Email: -


Flowcrete South Africa opens new Durban warehouse

Aggreko supplies 28 MW of stable power to Madagascar Aggreko has announced that it has started to supply stable power, using 28 MW of its HFO-generated energy. The occasion was marked by the attendance of President of Madagascar, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, Prime Minister, Olivier Solonandrasana and Minister of Water, Energy and Hydrocarbons, Lantoniaina Rasoloelison. Aggreko has provided power to Madagascar for a number of years. This new installation – NOOR 2 – will run alongside Jovena’s NOOR 1 turbines, as part of an extension to a 50 MW agreement with the country’s national utility company, Jirama. Aggreko has developed a best in class HFO energy generation solution, comprising containerized mobile, modular energy generators that can be configured and deployed in weeks. The company’s HFO offering has lowered the total cost of energy for Jovena and brings cost effective, reliable and uninterrupted electricity to the 1.4 million residents of the island’s capital, Antananarivo.

Flowcrete South Africa has moved to a new, larger warehouse and office facility in Durban in order to provide a more customer focused service. The new warehouse has been designed to put the customer first. Based in Westmead, Durban, the new facility is significantly larger than the previous warehouse. The site also includes a new office and a product showroom. The resin flooring manufacturer’s warehouse operations were previously based at its factory in Jacobs, Durban, but since 3rd January 2018 this work has taken place at its new premises in Westmead, Durban. The address of the new warehouse is: Unit 10 Gillitts Industrial Park, 32-35 Gillitts Road, Westmead, Durban, The move was central to Flowcrete Africa’s development and growth strategy, which includes adding Euclid Chemical and RPM Belgium Vandex construction chemical solutions to its product offering.

Melcon secures third most expensive road deal in Ethiopia Melcon Construction Plc, a local construction firm in Ethiopia has been awarded a project contract to construct the nation’s third most expensive road. The road project is estimated to cost US $19.7m extending from Haile Garment to Jemo square. The 60m wide and 4.52Km long road, is part of the Haile Garment outer ring road expansion project which connects feeder roads with Huajan Industry Zone, one of the privately owned parks in the country. The project is expected to be finalized within two years of commencement. Additionally, the road will have pedestrian walkways, and accommodate between 100mm and 120mm wider pipelines for electric, telecom and waste drainage. Costing the city’s administration US $4.4m a kilometer, it is the most expensive road project next to the Quality ring road interchange and Quality ring road to Qilinto projects costing US $8.2m, and US $8.1m cost a kilometer, respectively.

Kaytech Geosynthetics saves Strubens Valley site and geogrid at a new development Bidim geotextile in conjunction a construction site access road for the Chamberlain Hardware with TriAx, the innovative geogrid developed by Tensar International was economically and effectively Distribution Centre in Strubens (and supplied locally by Kaytech), solved with Kaytech’s geotextile Valley, Roodepoort. Eco-friendly were the products of choice to solve the problem. After discovering weak and waterlogged sub grade beneath a proposed temporary access road for plant and heavy machinery, Pierre Badenhorst Engineers approached Kaytech for a solution. The road was to be used for approximately six months and although minimal groundwater was discovered in initial geotechnical reports, significant damage was anticipated. A subsequent site inspection by Kaytech’s Technical marketing Eco-friendly Bidim geotextile in conjunction with TriAx, the innovative engineer, Byron de Cramer geogrid developed by Tensar International used for sub grade revealed that a crushed G5 material was available but with limited stabilization Urgent sub grade stabilization for


CR | February 2018

information gleaned at the time, an allowable bearing capacity was determined from an assumed CBR of 3. It was decided that two different proposals were required; a 30 mm premix surface for the future parking area to be utilized by mainly light motor vehicles, and a concrete hard stand surface for the access road that in future, will form the permanent road for delivery vehicles. Due to concerns of damage to the access road during the 6 month construction and stocking period, it was decided to split this portion of the works into two phases. Tensar was consulted to provide indepth analysis using their software program, Tensar pave to analyze the project requirements.


CESA announces a change in leadership Consulting Engineers South Africa (CESA) has announced a change of leadership with Neresh Pather, a Director at Mott MacDonald, being appointed President of the association, while Sugen Pillay, Managing Director of Zitholele Consulting, being named Deputy President. Pather brings more than 25 years of engineering consulting industry experience to the role. He has been with Mott MacDonald for the past two decades, following more than 12 years at PD Naidoo & Associates Consulting Engineers, which was acquired by Mott MacDonald in 1997; he was then the firm’s CEO. His current role at the global engineering consultancy firm, which has 17 offices across Africa, is largely focused on leading the firm’s work in the transportation sector across Africa. “I am truly humbled by the privilege bestowed upon me to lead our industry. I hope that CESA will be able to renew and reinvent itself to increase our relevance to both our clients and young professionals, who will ultimately take over the leadership of the industry. We will seek to broaden our scope as the industry transforms over the coming years to make sure that CESA becomes more inclusive and relevant and is able to put the industry at the forefront of its mind through effective ethical leadership,” said the new President.

Neresh Pather: The President of Consulting Engineers South Africa

CORBON begins skills acquisition training The Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria (CORBON) in conjunction with N-Power have started the skills acquisition training for 100 Master Trainers in the ongoing ‘Train the Trainer Skills Acquisition Programme for Construction Artisans in Nigeria.’ At the end of the training, the master trainers will be sent to the 36 states to train other trainers who will in turn transfer skills to construction artisans. According to the Vice Chairman of CORBON, Dr. Samson Opaluwah, the training included going to the states and zones across the federation to train other trainers who would in turn train construction industry artisans for the country. “The training progamme is a major ‘problem solver’ because the artisanship level of the construction industry in this country is being taken over by foreigners while Nigerian youths remain unemployed,” he noted. “The CORBON/N-Power initiative will equip Nigerian youths with the skills to win jobs and execute them competently and professionally in a competitive economy,” he affirmed.

SAWEA expects conclusion of outstanding PPAs by March The South African Wind Energy Association (SAWEA), in partnership with the broader renewable power sector, expects the conclusion of the 26 outstanding power purchase agreements (PPAs) in the first quarter of 2018. Loeriesfontein Wind Farm The majority of the processes that precede the finalization of the PPAs were fulfilled by the IPP Office and the preferred bidders during mid-December. The minister of public enterprises is now required to provide her approval in terms of section 54(2) of the Public Finance Management Act so that the Department of Energy (DoE) can conclude Direct Agreements with preferred bidders. “With all previous steps completed, we now await the final step in the process: approval of the minister of public enterprises so that the DoE can finally enter into power purchase agreements with the preferred bidders identified through due procurement process,” explained Brenda Martin, CEO of SAWEA.

Students during a practical class

NSE eyes accelerated infrastructure development in rural areas The Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE) has called for accelerated infrastructure development in rural areas in order to deal with poverty across the country. According to the society, the wide spread poverty in rural communities is inimical to the country’s development Speaking at the recent pre-investiture colloquium organized by the NSE for its 31st President, Adekunle Mokuolu, in Abuja, the Africa Regional Manager, International Road Federation, Dr. Amoah Bekoe called for the establishment of a rural development authority to initiate, plan, coordinate and monitor rural development projects and programmes with the primary aim of bringing the needed focus required for the development of rural areas. He added that, Nigeria, which is the most populous country in Africa, has about 51% of its population living in rural areas who face the challenges of poverty, income inequalities, high rural-urban migration; high unemployment, poor health care, high maternal and infant mortality, among other poverty related problems.

Bulk of projects in Northern Cape The 26 renewable energy projects, which include wind, solar PV and CSP, remain hopeful that the country’s Renewable Energy Procurement Programme (REI4P) will allow the industry to continue to contribute to the country’s development and electricity mix. The bulk of the outstanding projects are earmarked to be constructed in the Northern Cape, which has over 60% of the preferred bid allocation

February 2018 | CR



Arusha construction Expo 2018

ConMin West Africa 2018 ConMin West Africa provides an unparalleled opportunity

Dar Construction Expo is the region’s

to boost a company’s brand in one of the most exciting


business destinations in Africa.




design conference and exhibition. In 2017

This event is dedicated to suppliers involved in the

it attracted over 3,200 visitors, more than

construction machinery, mining and building materials

100+ businesses exhibited and many major

industry and offers a unique prospect to get an early

house builders and contractors attended.

foothold in the fast-developing West African market.

For this year 2018, the expo and conference

Exhibiting allows companies to meet the most senior

will take place in three major regions in

decision makers in the industry as well as showcasing their

Tanzania, starting with Arusha in March, then Dar es Salaam in August while the grand finale for EAC will be in Dodoma, the capital city of Tanzania.

current products and solutions to clients face to face. 120 exhibitors are expected to welcome an audience of 2500 to the International Conference Centre in Abuja, Nigeria from 15th – 18th May 2018.

Organized by the Mikono speakers and Mikono Expo Group, Construction Expo has been bringing together suppliers, manufacturers, and industry professionals in the construction industry for close to one decade now.


- Ethiopian Association of Civil Engineers

- Institute of Engineers of Kenya - Association of Consulting Engineers of - Kenya - Association of Professional Societies of East Africa APSEA)

Association Partners


- Association of Consulting Engineers Nigeria

- The Construction Industry Federation of Zimbabwe (Cifoz)


Surveying Profession

- Association of Professional Women

Ghana - Ghana Institute of Engineers

Engineers Of Nigeria - Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria - The Nigerian Institute of Architects - American Association of Petroleum Geologists Africa Region

- Khuthaza ( Women for Housing)

- Architects Registration Council

- Concrete Manufacturers Association

- Ghana Institute of Surveyors

- Green Building council of SA

- Ghana Green Builders Association

- South African Property Owners Association

- Ghana Institute of Planners

- Master Builders South Africa

- Association of Building and Civil Engineering

- Building and Construction Skilled Artisans

Contractors of Ghana

Association of Nigeria (BACSAAN)


- Nigeria Society of Engineers - Nigeria Institute of Architects

Institute of Surveyors of Uganda


Uganda Institute of Professional Engineers (UIPE) &

Institute of Namibian Quantity Surveyors


Uganda society of Architects

Association of Consulting Engineers of Namibia

- Zambia Institute of Architects (ZIA)


- Tanzania Institute of Quantity Surveyors

- Institute of Botswana Quantity Surveyors 6


- Zimbabwe Institute of Engineers

- Institution of Surveyors of Kenya

- South African Council for the Quantity

- Construction Contractors Association of Ethiopia

- Zimbabwe Institute of Quantity Surveyors

- Kenya Property developers Association

South Africa - ASAQS

and Quantity Surveyors (AQSRB)

- Association of Ethiopian Architects

- Institute of Quantity Surveyors of Kenya

9th ADDIS BUILD International Construction Materials and Technologies Exhibition, will take place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between 12 – 15 October 2018 in Addis Ababa Millennium Hall. 9th ADDIS BUILD will provide you with an international business platform by enabling you to catch global investment opportunities, and build your brand in the region. Ethiopia has one of the fastest growing economies in the world, according to the Economist. Located in the region of the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is the 2nd most populated country in Africa. The Ethiopian government has reduced customs tariff significantly in the framework of creating economic liberalization. The maximum tariff came down from 230% to 35% and the minimum is 5%. The average tariff has been reduced from 41.6% to 17.5%.

- Tanzania’s Registration Board of Architects


- Architectural Association of Kenya

9th ADDIS BUILD International Construction


- Construction Regulation Board (CRB)

CR | February 2018

- Association of Building and Civil Engineering Contractors (ABCEC).


Manitowoc introduces a new allterrain crane

Manitou unveils ‘world’s largest, most powerful’ skid steers

Manitowoc has introduced a new all-terrain crane, the Grove GMK4090. The new taxi crane features a modern, compact design that puts emphasis on road ability and maneuverability. The new crane comes in response to customer demand for lightweight, flexible taxi cranes in the 90 t (100 USt) capacity class. It represents a generational upgrade over the previous GMK40801/GMK4100B, a popular allterrain crane in Europe, due to its versatility in applications, especially with rental companies. • The 90 t (100 USt) capacity taxi crane has the strongest taxi load chart in its class and can easily maneuver on narrow job sites due to its compact design. • The new crane will replace the GMK4080-1/GMK4100B, bringing more modern and efficient features that ensure better return on investment for crane owners. • The GMK4090 crane features the new MAXbase outrigger system that expands options for crane set up on the job site. The GMK4090 has been designed with flexibility and maneuverability as main focuses. With its best-in-class taxi load chart and compact footprints, this crane will be ideal for a variety of jobs, such as general construction and plant maintenance work. Various counterweight options also give it versatility in roading, which can increase efficiency and return on investment for many owners.

Manitou has unveiled a pair of skid steers under its Gehl and Mustang

BOMAG unveils new BW 138 AD-5 tandem roller with Economizer

brands that it is calling the largest and most powerful models on the

Contractors and municipalities

market today.

looking for ways to increase

Designed for heavy construction, road building and agriculture,

The Gehl V420 and Mustang 4200V weigh in at 11,665 pounds with a height to hinge pin of 144 inches. Each have a rated operating capacity of 4,200 pounds. Both machines are powered by a 120-horsepower Tier 4 Deutz engine providing 354lb.-ft. of torque. Manitou says the new machines have 21.7 more horsepower and 200 pounds more operating capacity over the previous models in this size range.

efficiency might want to consider the updated BOMAG BW 138 AD-5 tandem vibratory roller, known for its large drum diameter and high compaction force. A 54.3-inch rolling width makes

“The standard machine has been developed for the operator looking

short work of granular soil and

to run high performance attachments in a spacious, comfortable

asphalt compaction on projects

operator station. This is a high-end machine for tasks that need high

ranging from parking lot paving to

performance,” said Manitou’s Nathan Ryan, Global Product Line

county road repair to compaction

Manager, Skid Steer Loaders.

of urban street developments,

Manitou says the V420 and 4200V are designed to be “true tool carriers,” coming standard with everything needed to operate attachments such as mulching heads, cold planers, rock wheels and more.

according to BOMAG. And when equipped with the intuitive Economizer compaction measurement system, the BW 138 AD-5 alerts operators to compaction progress of the soil or asphalt material. That reduces passes, which saves time and money, the company says in a press release. While Economizer is technically an







more today.

According to BOMAG, the vast majority of contractors order the BW138AD-5 with Economizer,

Volvo Launches Line of Rigid Haul Trucks Development of the Volvo-branded rigid-frame haulers has relied heavily on the long standing rigid-hauler expertise of Volvo’s

showing the importance of this compaction monitoring system to the market.

subsidiary, Terex Trucks, in combination with new Volvo engineering. The Volvo-branded line of rigid haul trucks includes four models. The new hauler range, which will initially be launched in less-regulated markets, include the 45¬-ton R45D, 60-¬ton R60D, 72¬-ton R70D, and 100-¬ton R100E, the latter a newly designed model. With the launch of Volvo-branded rigid haulers, production of Terex Trucks rigid haulers will, over time, cease, the company says. The new Volvo rigid haulers will be manufactured at the Volvo Motherwell production facility in Scotland and sold exclusively through the Volvo dealer network.

February 2018 | CR



Through this way, you can ensure proper functioning of the machine and maximum usage for a longer period.

Keep the equipment properly greased and lubricated Proper greasing of all moving parts of the equipment is also absolutely necessary in order to save them from failing to work and creating excess friction leading to severe wear and tear of the machinery, frequent breakdowns and shorter life span. Lubricate the equipment wisely with the recommended grade of grease.

Wear and tear

Construction equipmnent

Maximising Productivity


nsuring maximum productivity of construction equipment is an important aspect for any company dealing with construction. This is because the state of the equipment affect the work done as well as the duration taken to accomplish the task. Here are some tips to ensure maximum productivity of the CE at the site;

Follow manufacturer’s instructions Read and follow the CE manufacturer’s instructions and maintenance tips. It can help you to operate the machine efficiently. You should also ensure that the employee operating the CE has received relevant training for the same to avoid damage to the machines which could cause injuries, delays or even increase costs.


Inspect the machine before starting work Before starting the day, check the machine thoroughly. Check the machine at the end of the day too to find out any possible damage. Clean the parts that made the most contact with the soil and debris. Make sure that you replace original parts in your CE as otherwise there could be major defaults in the long run.

Use appropriate fuel Use fuel which is prescribed by the manufacturer and avoid adulterated fuel which can reduce the life and productivity of the equipment. Keep the engine completely shut off while refueling the equipment.

Follow the periodic maintenance schedule The schedule would have notations on how often each part of the machinery should be inspected for problems, repairs and general maintenance.

Keep the engine completely shut off while refueling the equipment.


Pay close attention to wear and tear signs too as they may signal problems that can cause machinery to malfunction more often or result in costly repairs or component replacements before your regular inspection. CE parts are fitted with special seals and filters designed to keep dirt and grime out of sensitive areas. Consequently, broken seals must be repaired immediately, breathers kept clean and all filters inspected regularly and changed when they become dirty or clogged. Lastly, if possible, keep the equipment housed in a building.

CR | February 2018





February 2018 | CR




financing, installing and operating Solar PV projects interrupted due to inadequate and unpredictable power supply. If the power supply is not reliable, either because it shuts off or the voltage fluctuates, critical machinery doesn’t function. This means that work doesn’t get done, deadlines are missed, goodwill is lost with customers, reputations are damaged, competitors are given new opportunities, and revenue is lost.

At no upfront cost for customers, Centennial Generating Company partners with businesses for the longterm by financing, installing and operating solar photo voltaic (PV) projects at the customer’s facility. Mr David John Frenkil, the Founder and Managing Director of Centennial, shared with Construction Review some valuable insights into the company’s offering for commercial and industrial businesses. Before starting Centennial in 2014, David worked as a Project Finance attorney at law firms in Los Angeles and Washington, DC, including Chadbourne & Parke (now Norton Rose Fulbright), where he represented investors and developers on over 1,000 MW of solar projects.

Tell us about Centennial Centennial connects commercial and industrial businesses in African markets to more affordable, reliable, cleaner and safer power supply. For no upfront cost to our customers, Centennial provides a combination of solar photovoltaic, battery storage and/or diesel generator projects at the customer’s facility. We also bring the financing, procurement, installation, operations and maintenance, and even insurance, so it is a hassle-free experience for our customers. Centennial’s projects improve the financial performance of our customers’ businesses without requiring these businesses to make room in their budget for the equipment or the O&M associated with the equipment.


The second priority is to find ways to ease the burden on operating expenses that are unnecessarily high due to expensive power supply. Businesses in emerging markets should not have to pay a premium to consume electricity. Third, power supply is typically damaging to the environment. Growth and sustainability don’t have to be The inauguration of Centennial’s first project in March mutually exclusive. In fact, it’s the 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda. The company has since installed opposite now, because electricity from 6 additional projects. solar projects is now cheaper than most grid power, and certainly at least twotimes more affordable as diesel. Who are your typical customers? Our customers include mines, manufacturers, distribution companies, hotels, commercial buildings, universities and healthcare facilities. We are now also working with utilities to reduce their operational costs and down time. So far, we have 7 operational projects in East Africa, with more projects under way in the EAC and other parts of the region.

What problems are you addressing for your customers? For all of our customers, energy is a critical piece of their operations. We help our customers navigate the complexities involved in having better power supply, but we do it without imposing on their budgets. We tell our customers to save your money and spend it on other growth initiatives. Centennial’s model takes the requirement for upfront capital expense off the table. Without having to pay for the equipment, Centennial’s projects allow each customer to have a more resilient and affordable operation, while also improving the environmental footprint of the business. Priority number 1 for facilities is to

Businesses in emerging markets should not minimize down-time because it is have to pay a premium to consume electricity. difficult to control your business’s



CR | February 2018




What is the cost of your typical system? For a battery project, it really depends on the maximum load of the equipment that is connected to the battery’s inverters. But in a solar-only context, in U.S. Dollar terms, if you’re paying more than 12 cents per kilowatt-hour for electricity generated from a solar project that is larger than 500 kW, you’re getting a bad deal. For a solar project that is less than 500 kW, due to economies of scale, 16 cents per kilowatt-hour seems high for a project installed using 2018 equipment prices. Centennial has a cost advantage over competitors because we’re vertically integrated since we have in-house sales, technical, procurement and financing, with a local team in the markets where we’re operating. This means that there are less middle men taking margin out of the transaction, so we can pass those savings onto our customers.

However, while cost is important, it’s also important to note that quality is even more important. Even though we pride ourselves with offering competitive pricing, our equipment is top tier, industry-leading equipment, with warranties that are supported by credit worthy manufacturers.

How do you determine good quality? Among other factors, safety. The technology we use through our SolarEdge inverters eliminates the risk of electrocution and unsafe voltage levels. This protects installers, maintenance personnel and emergency responders. When the inverter is turned off or in safety mode, the DC voltage in the solar string cables are reduced to a voltage level that is safe and extra-low, just 1 volt. Also, our O&M software enables monitoring of each individual solar module, which improves accuracy of monitoring, and remote troubleshooting. For example, in May of last year, we commissioned a new project, but it was not performing as we had expected. Using the

O&M software, we identified several modules in the Northeast corner of the project which were shaded in the afternoon hours from a tree. After trimming the tree, the project is now performing as originally expected. And, as we’re a sustainable company, we also planted new vegetation to offset the losses from trimming the branches.

When you’re working with customers, how important is the environmental impact of the project?

increasingly part of that global supply chain, sustainability targets are important.

What do customers have to do after signing up? First, any interested customers can send us a note through our website at CentennialGen. com or, which takes you to the same place. From there, our team can offer a proposal within 24 hours after we receive key information about the customers’ facility.

Naturally, businesses prioritize the reliability and cost efficiency aspects of our projects. Some, but not all, of our customers have a green mandate. For those that do, Centennial’s projects allow customers to achieve their sustainability targets without committing new CapEx to the project.

Once the customer agreement is signed, and the project is installed, we need frequent access to the customer’s facility for our inhouse technical team to come to site to keep the solar modules clean and the equipment up to date. We focus on asset management because we’re only getting paid if our projects are generating electricity as expected.

Also, the environmental footprint of businesses on the African continent matters for many reasons, including the fact that unsustainable operations can be a disqualifier for growth opportunities. Fortune 1000 companies are looking internally, and throughout their supply chain, for ways to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions. As businesses in Africa are

Aside from access, customers simply need to pay their bill on time. We’ll take care of the rest. If customers make timely payments under the customer agreement, at the end of the term, ranging from 5 to 15 years, we transfer the project over to the customer for no added cost. At that point, the project will typically be only half way through its useful life.

February 2018 | CR




A modular solution


he rapid rise of urbanization in most parts of Africa has presented the continent with a number of challenges and stripped its cities of the ability to provide for basic needs like shelter, infrastructure, education and health care. Urbanization and demand for houses are positively correlated and thus as the urban society of a city expands so does the needs for more housing. In the case of most developing countries, these needs have largely gone unmet. Consequently, housing shortage in developing countries has escalated to unprecedented rates making the percentage of slum dwellers that reside illegally in a place without authorization and property rights extremely high. The housing sector, while addressing the needs for affordable housing of low-income groups, can enormously contribute to the development of African economies. However, in most developing countries, few segments of the economy, as contributors to growth, have been as understudied as housing. As a result, a sector largely missing in the economic plans


Pre cast wall construction of most developing countries is that of housing and housing-related activities Experts expect roughly 860 million people to migrate to cities between 2010 and 2050 in Africa, bringing both remarkable economic growth and the problems that come with it. However, developers and consumers from the world’s largest continent get some unexpected benefits by being late-comers to mass urbanization. While seeing how other places faced social and environmental challenges, developers have access to new technologies like modular constructionthat have evolved considerably over the last few decades. Africa’s urbanization now has the potential to be more profitable and sustainable than Western or Asian building booms.

Modular construction According to Mr. George Tallam of Technocast in Kenya a manufacturer of precast, prestressed concrete hollow core slabs, modular construction is exactly what the African real estate industry needs to bridge the housing gap

CR | February 2018

caused by rapid urbanization. Modular construction is a process in which a building is constructed off-site, under controlled plant conditions, using the same materials and designing to the same codes and standards as conventionally built facilities – but in about half the time. Buildings are produced in “modules” that when put together on site, reflect the identical design intent and specifications of the most sophisticated sitebuilt facility – without compromise. Africa has experienced a resurgence of interest in prefabricated buildings mainly due to: A high demand for housing, relaxed legal regulations which acknowledge that prefabricated buildings can not only be aesthetically presentable but also be long lasting and sustainable. This has led to acceptance by the financing partners for mortgages, innovations and versatility that include a wide variety of sizes and configurations with sector specific building types, styles and options for variable plans and multi-storey configurations and also increased awareness with regards to availability of new and reliable technologies.


Pre cast solution used as wall panel


The benefits


Today, modular buildings are more than just temporary construction trailers and portable classrooms. There are countless applications for modular building solutions – from permanent housing in both remote and urban locations to retail space solutions and municipal facilities, to industrial site offices and special event requirements. Modular construction and buildings can offer sustainability providing quality, quick turnaround, productivity and efficiency. Referring to conventional residential buildings, they significantly influence energy consumption, green house gas emissions and solid waste discharge. Hundreds of end users benefit from the ease of use and flexibility that modular construction offers. Attractive prefabricated buildings can be any size, have multiple stories and can be custom designed to meet specific needs.


Time and cost savings of modular construction Modular buildings are manufactured in a dry, secure facility, where consistency of quality found in a controlled factory benefits the project. Modules are easily transported to site for installation. This process saves project time and money because site preparation occurs while the buildings are being manufactured and there are no weather delays. Site installation is also much faster than ‘stick-built’.


Flexibility of modular designs Modular buildings are easy to relocate, allowing you to move and reuse them. They are also expandable to accommodate your future requirements. Modular buildings are ideal for temporary and permanent applications and are often used as workforce housing accommodations, real estate offices, schools, banks, classrooms, senior and medical centres, recreational facilities and many other purposes. High-performance buildings Modern modular buildings perform and look as good as traditional onsite constructed structures and can be designed to harmonize and blend in with their surroundings.

Quality control

SINCE 1985

Manufactured by

Jessop & Associates (Pty) Ltd

Modular units are manufactured indoors under strict and controlled conditions, shielded from rain, wind and other elements. Materials are

Tel: +27 16 421 2521 Fax: +27 16 421 2539


February 2018 | CR


kept and used in dry, moderate temperatures eliminating twisting, warping and associated waste, and poor quality products. It enables people to work in a consistent environment where the light is good and the space is clean and efficiently designed.

These benefits are especially appreciable in light of Africa’s building sector skills gap. South Africa, despite its well-developed real estate industry and vocational training system, is estimated to be short by 50,000 skilled construction workers and these kind of figures are reflective of much of Africa. The problem is more severe in other countries, where a lack of trained builders makes development expensive, time-consuming,

with improved computer aided architectural modeling and the pioneering engineering process of assembling homes with overhead cranes. By using this system, larger units can be constructed and transported to different destinations far and wide. Mr. Tallam reiterates that modular construction offers: • Structural efficiency A Hollow-core slab offers the ideal structural section by reducing deadweight while providing the maximum structural efficiency within the slab depth. • Extra-long spans Factory made pre-stressed units offer the design benefit of long span units for given depths. This avoids the need for intermediate supports and provides an economically light

eliminated. • Immediate, un-propped working platform Once a precast floor is erected, it is immediately available for further construction use without the need to wait for curing times. • Minimum In-Situ concrete With a precast hollow-core, a lot of the work is done off site. This eliminates what can be complex, time-consuming and weatheraffected site work. • Diaphragm action Precast floor slabs are structurally grouted to provide a floor with full diaphragm action, as required in most multi–storey frameworks. Mr. Tallam adds that, today there is a great awareness of the importance and necessity of guaranteeing future generations’ needs

and prone to miscalculations.While many governments, such as Nigeria, have launched promising training initiatives, developers can now rely on modular construction as a way to avoid on-site faltering and complications. The modular construction industry has made significant advances in implementing processes and materials to build and deliver more sophisticated and complex facility types

solution throughout the entire structure. In terms of construction it offers: • Finished soffits Precast floors are manufactured on high quality steel beds that give extremely smooth ready use soffits. • Speed of erection Time-consuming activities such as propping, shuttering and concrete-pouring are virtually

without compromising or sacrificing the ability to satisfy the needs of the present generation. “Modular construction has ushered in a new way of industrialized construction in Africa that provides extremely durable, affordable, adaptable, livable and environmentally sustainable buildings that have a high consistent quality and ensure efficient construction,” he affirms

Construction skills gap

Pre cast Hollowcore used as floor slab 14

CR | February 2018


February 2018 | CR



Having a Modern Cozy Bathroom Your bathroom design should be a personal oasis; a warm, welcoming space where you can enjoy a bright start to the day ahead or relaxing to unwind after a long day. A zone of peace where you can add colours and stylish accents to create an inviting look that will give you a cozy modern bathroom experience. Creating a focal point


ntroduce an area of visual emphasis as the main décor highlight in a bathroom, immediately drawing attention, inviting you to step inside to enjoy the experience created by the dramatic impact of the focal design. Using artistic license means you can choose a focal point from a wide spectrum of possibilities such as: • Wall focal points created through contrast, either making a wall a striking colour compared to the rest of the bathroom walls or else using a design element such as a tiling or paneling effect • Choosing elegant bathroom features such as a beautiful vanity or trending standalone bath. Vanities are a great spot for a little extra attention, and tiling around the mirror heightens the ambiance and adds interest to the bathroom. The bath brings a special touch with its beautiful contours and design. • Quartz counter top with sunken basins create an engaging effect, giving a feeling of luxury. The streamlined feel of this design creates a sense of flow, gently directing the eyes to this design element.

Trend setting Floor finish Wood look tile flooring has become one of the hottest trends in the flooring industry today, creating an inviting effect with the benefits of durability. It is easier to maintain than real wood, while providing the inherent charm associated with the material. The ink-jet manufacturing processes enables ceramic and porcelain tiles to resemble natural wood. One of the big advantages of this is that there is no longer a restriction to standard sizes and

16 16

tiles can now be manufactured in a rectangular shape, adding to the versatility and costeffectiveness of the design. This also enables different effects such as the parquet floor finish. Technical advances allow cutting edge detail, enabling these products to imitate the look and feel of a hand scraped wood floor.

Shower Showering can provide a refreshing alternative to a bathtub. A shower can contribute to a bathroom’s cozy ambiance with its own special features, creating an inviting world on its own. Recesses in the shower wall have their own special charm while also assisting with overall storage. The choice of shower head can enrich your showering, such as choosing a rain shower which simulates the effect of rain. The shower experience has been further expanded with shower seats which have become a popular trend, enabling you to indulge in your shower experience while resting on a seat which also provides additional storage for toiletries. Even the shower wall offers many design options to enhance the enjoyment of the bathroom from creating a unified, seamless look by continuing the tiling of the bath, or introducing a mosaic pattern which highlights the area or it can even continue the design pattern of the rest of the bathroom.

Lighting Lighting plays a role in setting a welcoming mood. Choose light fixtures which complement the design theme of your bathroom. Warmth can be created by using light bulbs that allow colours to look natural. A special lighting effect can be achieved by using LED lighting under the vanity or under a

CR | | February February 2018 2018 CR

bathroom shelf, recess or step to create an intimate ambiance, while additional warmth can be infused with non-fluorescent lights on each side of the mirror of the vanity. Recessed ceiling lights are also ideal, especially with dimmers where you are able to set the intensity of the light and create a feeling of cocooned warmth in your bathroom space. Skylights provide another option, allowing you to enjoy your bathroom experience under the stars or while watching the sun rise.

Colours Colour has a direct impact on creating a mood of peace, calm and warmth. Warm and vibrant colours can be used as well as autumnal hues, as long as they are not too intense so that the overall effect is still peaceful and inviting. Using bright colors, pastels or warm colours such as peach, terra-cotta and pink tones which usher in a source of interest, while creams can also be used effectively to create an inviting touch, with further character introduce by spots of coloured tile.

Sinks There are many remarkable sinks and vanities in the market, so it is not easy to recognize the recent models unless you are familiar with the latest trends in modern bathroom design. Look for beautiful decoration patterns which adorn contemporary basins. Consider sinks that offer sophisticated ideas for modern bathroom remodeling and design. Colorful sinks, basins made of natural stone, wood, glass, and metals are fabulous trends in bathroom design also.

February 2018 2018 || CR CR February

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Factors that give epoxy flooring an edge over other flooring options

Epoxy flooring systems are highly resistant to germs and bacteria, making them easy to sanitize and hygienic to use.


poxy flooring systems are resin based industrial flooring systems which provides unique features. They are very hygienic due to their seamless feature, durable, easy to clean and easy to apply hence reduced downtime. As well they provide exceptional abrasion and chemical resistance features Epoxy coating provides outstanding qualifications that make it preferable to other flooring options. These include:

Resistance Epoxy coated floors are highly resistant to just about everything: gasoline, oil, transmission fluid, bleach, chemicals used for cleaning, just to mention a few. This is one of the factors that makes them a very popular choice in the auto industry, and particularly in garages. 18

While withstanding chemical spills is a huge plus, epoxy floors are also resistant to heat and water. It repels oils, beads water, and wipes clean, creating a surface that is seamless and smooth. Epoxy resists all chemicals and temperatures without any damage to the material. In addition, epoxy floors are highly resistant to germs and bacteria, making them easy to sanitize and hygienic to use. This makes them a great choice for hospitals and other clinical settings. According to Paul Osselmann of Koster Bauchemie AG in Germany, alone, epoxy flooring systems’ extreme mechanical and chemical resistance make them the flooring of choice in many industrial fields of application. Whether in Parking Lots or Warehouses

CR | February 2018

that have steel wheeled forklift traffic or floors or in manufacturing areas where acids and alkaline spills are common, there are special formulations and systems specifically engineered to deal with these problems.

Variety Epoxy floors are not just a solution reserved for warehouses and dull industrial zones. Epoxy flooring can also be used to provide an attractive aesthetic for decorative floors. Not only is epoxy available in a wide array of colors, but it also adds a flawlessly smooth, elegant quality and shine to the existing floor. Epoxy can also be combined with paints and colors to help mask chips and cracks in the existing floor. The floors can also be arranged into patterns and designs, allowing you to make a number

of choices in an economical way to improve the ambiance of a workplace or home. Patterns can also be used to create unique driveways and other walkable areas. Additionally, according to Dean Van Der Mescht of Stoncor the South African operating company for RPM Performance Coatings, epoxy flooring can also be used in all markets.

Affordability The price of epoxy per square foot is difficult to beat when compared to other flooring options. Since epoxy can be installed directly over other flooring types such as concrete, the installation costs tend to be lower than its alternatives. Of all the advantages of epoxy flooring, its price point is one of the immediate and significant. Moreover since epoxy floors are durable and last for a long time, additional costs are saved on replacement and maintenance. If you are looking to coat large areas at an affordable price while still maintaining great quality and little to no maintenance, epoxy is the best way to go.

FC #7996 [Africa] Construction Review AW.indd 2

Durability Epoxy coating tends to last much longer than other types of flooring. It can last for several decades without any need for maintenance or repair, and without peeling or cracking, if installed properly in the beginning. Floors coated with epoxy are able to resist considerable wear over long periods of time, and once the epoxy converts to a solid polymer, it becomes very strong and resistant to all chemical breakdown. Additionally, according to Akis Apostolopoulos of Ktisis a manufacturer of specialty construction chemicals from Greece, epoxy flooring is a great durable solution to protect the concrete from water, damage and chemical attacks without the need for maintenance or repair for a very long while.

Protectiveness Epoxy coating protects the underlying floor from all kinds of damaging effects such as cracks, stains, grease, moisture, and heat. Epoxy coating is great for eliminating the costs that creep up for floor maintenance by protecting the floor from becoming damaged or compromised in the first place. There will be no need for carpeting, grouting, or

other maintenance. Epoxy flooring is a great solution for floors that need to last a long time without requiring additional work or attention, not to mention it provides excellent protection for the floor beneath the coating. According to Duygu Vodina a Managing Patner at Polinova one of the leading companies in Europe in epoxy applications from Turkey, the African market is a rising area for construction chemicals and like all foreign markets it has some characteristics and difficulties. “For the flooring sector,implementation is a very important part of the coating system. For this reason,our duty does not end when we sell out the products. We should also follow our distributors and keep them always educated,� he affirms. Mr. Vodina further adds that, while purchasing epoxy products, technical data sheets and company references should be searched carefully. Because the formulation is very important in such kinds of construction chemicals, technical aspects become more important. Moreover, finished projects will give an idea of the quality and standards of the material.

04/08/2016 08:21

February 2018 | CR



Reliable back-up power for Africa


he current demand for electricity far outstrips supply causing frequent blackouts in African countries, yet

significant increases in demand are expected during the forecast period. Consequently, major potential exists to sell diesel generators in the continent. Today in terms of cost per kVA, flexibility and responsiveness, there is still no better source of standby power than a diesel generator. In the near future, we are going to see more power generation from renewable sources, although for the foreseeable future, we see generators powered by diesel engines co-existing with renewable power generation technologies. As in the automotive industry, hybrid generators are going to become more common. And in Africa, there is huge potential for microgrids, integrated local power grids where you might have solar panels, batteries, wind turbines and generators all linked together and capable

historical information, and more directly from

Economical pricing

of powering remote settlements on their own.

your smartphone, tablet, or computer. This

Due to the price sensitivity in the African

This approach could be a very cost-effective

does allow regular monitoring at a minimum

markets, there is an option to combine various

way to help electrify Africa.

cost. This also makes such maintenance in

components such as the engine and alternator

rural areas with minimum infrastructure much

to achieve a more economical solution for

Suitability for the African Market


such growing economy.

Remote monitoring

Tropicalized generators

However, while cost and price competitiveness

Remote monitoring lets you get and share

This exercise is carried out to adapt or make

is always essential, companies and end-users

information about your standby generator.

suitable for use in tropical regions, especially

also tend to prioritize services and support in

Access important information such as current

in regard to protection against the destructive

the decision making process. According


effects of moisture and fungi.

to the Marketing Department of Visa SpA,





CR | February 2018

an Italian company dedicated to design,

breakdown maintenance because it means the

Filters and Fluids

production, sales and rental of generating

tasks can be done properly without pressure

It is also very important to think about filters

sets; when choosing a genset brand it is

at a slack time that suits the operator. It also

and fluids. According to Aaron J Gooding of

important to evaluate a supplier in terms of

allows the technician to spot problems before

FG Wilson a supplier of a range of generators

their ability to support in the definition of the

they become serious and result in damage to

powered by diesel engines from 6.8 – 2500 kVA

project, the development of the stages of it, the

working components.

and powered by gas engines from 240 – 1,250

manufacturing, site installation, testing, up to

kVA in the UK; over the life of a generator,

the final commissioning.

Fuel quality also has an effect on the smooth

filters and fluids account for about 3% of

Nevertheless, Mr. Joseph Kamau of Avery

running of the generator. Fuel with particles

operating costs but they have a huge impact on

East Africa Limited a distributor of TCL

can clog or block the relevant generator part

all the other costs and on the effectiveness of

powered by Perkins, CGM and Onis Visa

causing the generator to shut down. Also,

the generator. “Whatever generator you own,

in Kenya; comments that customers used to

using genuine spares can increase the life span

it is important to fit genuine filters and change

prefer known brands, but are now willing to

of the machine.

oil as specified in your operator manual. To

try affordable but reliable brands.

save money, it is tempting to use lower cost Nevertheless, Ms. Jecinta W Gitonga of

filters or to let routine maintenance slip but

Reaching its operational potential

Hyperteck Electrical Services a distributor

in the longer term, this is only going to cause

According to Pooja Pandya of Engineering

of Powerlink generators with Perkins engine

problems and cost more money. Do not wait

Supplies Limited a dealer of quality Industrial,

in Kenya reiterates that; when the consumers

until you see a problem before you think about

Construction and Power generation equipment

goes for the best quality in the market,

changing the filters or oil. It could be too late,”

in Kenya, regular maintenance to ensure your

maintenance will not be an issue.

he adds.

quite important and can greatly extend its


Load Function Tests

working life. “This applies whether the genset

It is important for the Periodic Preventive

Load function tests are also very important

is in full time use or is kept as a standby; in

Maintenance to be done after every 250-300

to ensure your genset is in tip top shape.

the latter case it is particularly important

working hours by a skilled person and genuine

According to Cihan AKSOY of Teksan

because light loading brings operational

OEM recommended spares/consumables to

Generator a technology and engineering

problems, such as fouling of the injection and

be used; this is according to Jamil Qureshi

company that manufactures gensets in Turkey,

combustion system, of its own, In other words,

the Senior Vice President of GWB Group in

all load function tests must be conducted and

infrequent use makes regular maintenance of

the United Arab Emirates. Getting the best

reported before the purchased generator sets

a generating set all the more important,” she

product, best price, genuine spares and quality

leave the factory. “Those, who will buy a


after-sales support is a big challenge in Africa,

genset, should ask the producer whether they

that is the reason GWB operates through its

are able to do these tests in their own facility

She further adds that, as with a car or truck

reliable channel partners network to support

or by themselves,” he adds.

preventative work is always better than

the customers across the region.

engine generator set is running smoothly is

February 2018 | CR



Planning for back-up power

Currently, there are about two dozen countries in Africa with an average power

Upon completion of documentation, an

capacity of 200 megawatts each leaving

engineer can size the generator and transfer

some 620 million people without electricity.

switches. This sizing will indicate the

Another 25 countries in sub-Saharan Africa

physical and electrical requirements, which

are facing frequent blackouts without any

in turn affect the location of the generator.

elaborate back-up power system. Therefore there is need for a reliable back-up power that

Picking the right location

can come in in case of blackouts.

A second crucial step for facility executives is deciding the appropriate location for the

Documenting the load

generator. Generators are more often located

The first step is to identify what the generator

outside than inside the building, but both

will power. Every building that has a

locations have pros and cons. A third option

generator will have two types of loads: loads

is placing a generator in a penthouse or on

whose codes require emergency power and

the roof.

those for business-critical systems. Each of the loads must be documented appropriately.

The decision to locate a generator outdoors

Life safety code requires its branch of the

raises issues specific to each facility.

emergency power system to be picked

If visibility is an issue, for example, a

up by the generator within 10 seconds of

generator can be located behind a screen

utility failure. The critical branch in medical

wall or landscaping. However, this can cause

facilities also has the same 10-second

security problems in some areas.

requirement. 22

CR | February 2018

Climate plays a big role as well. In case solid screen walls are used, the area near a generator must be large enough to allow for adequate cooling in hot weather. Every generator needs to be kept warm conditions so that it can start up and take on the code-required loads in 10 seconds. In cold climates, putting a generator indoors helps keep the unit at starting temperature without oversized heating elements. Despite this advantage, indoor generators call for extra precautions. Due to the fact that they will store some fuel and may contain the transfer switches and panels for the emergency system, generator rooms should be fitted with a two-hour fire rating and may require a sprinkler system. Indoor generators may also cause special noise and vibration problems. Locating a generator on the rooftop or in a penthouse can be advantageous in flood prone

areas. A penthouse also keeps the unit

An outdoor generator located close to a

The generator feeds into one or more transfer

at starting temperature in cold climates.

building has the same effects to one placed

switches so as to distribute the power it

However, height can amplify vibration, and

indoors. Significant effort must be made to

produces. For indoor generators, this can be

the costs of meeting structural requirements

manage the noise generated, and the first line

done in the same room. Outdoor units need

should not be overlooked.

of noise mitigation is the most basic: Keep

to feed into a transfer switch room that is

the most sensitive occupants furthest from the

separate from the utility electrical room.

Controlling noise and vibration

source of the noise. The space adjacent to a

This involves reducing vibration and noise.

generator can be utilized for storage purposes,

Facility mangers also need to put into

Outdoor generators can sometimes be placed

or other purposes that are not frequently

consideration potential problems from the

far enough away from a facility and help

occupied by people.

exhaust. The risk of exhaust gases finding

reduce the problem of noise. However,

their way into the HVAC air intake can

smaller sites may not offer the luxury of space

Another thing to consider is that the noise

cause problems for all generators, but that’s

for this, and even for larger facilities, the best

does not emanate from a generator in all

specifically true for roof-mounted units. The

screening area may be located near to the

directions equally. Manufacturers of sound-

bigger the building, the bigger the generator


attenuating enclosures provide data to help

and HVAC air intake — and the bigger the

orient a generator for maximum noise control.

potential problem. Apart from careful design,

In residential areas the location of the

exhaust piping and adsorption filters are two

generator is very critical. Many residential

Keeping up with the details

areas have noise limit ordinances in effect that

This entails addressing other switch and

are more restrictive compared to commercial

exhaust details in a generator project that


should not be ignored.

ways to prevent the problem.

February 2018 | CR




Innovative solutions help to bridge KZN community

he tiny town known as Tugela Ferry

concrete bridge adjacent to the existing steel

the commencement of the works has caused

(named after the ferry that used to

structure. “This was a good solution,” says Paul

major access problems for main contractor,

connect the two halves of the town)

Pearce Franki Africa KZN branch manager,

Group Five, who have had to contend with the

in the local Municipality of Msinga, part

“as it meant that use of the existing bridge has

mighty Tugela River regularly flooding the

of the Umzinyathi District Municipality in

not been interrupted during construction.”

access causeway during the wet season – even

central Kwa-Zulu Natal is part of one of South Africa’s most impoverished areas.

during the current “drought” in South Africa!” Pearce says that the Tugela Ferry area has

says Pearce. “The access causeway has been

historically been a political hot-spot and, as

washed away several times with equipment

People struggle to make a living in Tugela

a result, the award of the main contract was

having to be moved off position each time in

Ferry and the harsh conditions were, for many

a lengthy process which involved extensive

anticipation. Fortunately, there have been no

years, exacerbated by the town being split

consultation with all the relevant local parties

injuries and no major equipment has been lost

by the Tugela River and connected only by

on their involvement in the project. Ultimately,

because of these precautionary measures.”

an inadequate single-lane bridge, the Tugela

in June 2016, Franki was appointed specialist

Ferry Bridge, which has significantly slowed

sub-contractor for the piling works for the new


the local economy by hampering vehicular


installation of 48 no. 1,100mm diameter






movement and has been a threat to the lives

“The prolonged award of the contract and

permanently cased oscillator piles. The bridge

of the multitude of pedestrians that have had

subsequent further consultation after our

deck is approximately 165m long and piles are

to share the bridge with cars, tractors, bakkies,

appointment, crucially meant that the works

required to support both the north and south

trucks and more.

started towards the beginning of the wet

abutment and all 5 no. intermediate piers with

season rather than, as had been expected, at

6 no. piles per pier raked at 1 in 6 and 6 no.

the beginning of the dry season,” Pearce says.

vertical and 3 no. raked piles per abutment.

embarked on a project to widen the bridge to

This turned out to be one of the central

The geotechnical data available indicated

two lanes by constructing a new, reinforced

challenges of the project. “The timing of

typical river bed conditions with gravels,

Franki’s Geotechnical Solution The KZN Department of Transport therefore

sands and boulders up to 1.5m in diameter in layers above soft to medium rock overlying hard to very hard rock. Fractures in the rock resulted in the tender design requiring 1.4m rock sockets and dowelling into the rock below every pile. “Historically, river bridge piles requiring sockets are slow to construct using driven or screwed-in casings and “smash and grab” techniques to form piles and sockets in rock. The slow pace not only increases costs but also increases the risks associated with working in a river. We therefore opted for oscillating casings down to rock level and then using a cluster drill – a multi-headed percussion hammer – for the rock drilling. This solution has reduced construction time by over 50%,” Pearce says. He adds that the increased performance of Pier 2 piles trimmed in preparation for pile cap construction 24

CR | February 2018

the cluster drill has also enabled Franki to


Franki Africa provides dedicated expertise in: • • • • • • • •

Piled Foundations Lateral Support Ground Improvement Near Shore Marine Works Trenchless Technology Design – Build Foundation Repair & Underpinning Liquefaction Mitigation

As part of the connected companies of Keller, Franki Africa offers a comprehensive range of geotechnical and marine engineering services including both design and construction for the General Construction, Civil Engineering and Mining Industries. Call Franki today about your next project.

global strength and local focus


successfully use a longer socket length in lieu of the dowels, saving further time and cost. Both the oscillator and cluster drill are mounted on Franki’s Bauer BG28 piling rig, which has an operating weight of about 90 tons and is ideally suited for the Tugela Ferry piling solution. “We owe a lot to the BG28 which has enabled Franki to implement many cost-efficient solutions to a wide range of clients since it first arrived in this country from Germany in 2012,” Pearce says. Another time-saving solution used by Franki was the construction of a movable ramp to create the required 1 in 6 rake, meaning that it is not necessary to modify the platform earthworks for each pile. “With all six pier piles raking in different directions this represents a major cost and time saving solution,” Pearce says. Piling for the bridge piers on the new Tugela Ferry River Bridge

Dealing with the Unexpected The necessary raised platform and variable rock levels, resulted in suitable founding rock only being encountered at depths of over 25m for some piles - 10m deeper than the average expected – but piling production has still met expectations. “The BG28 has comfortably dealt with deep boulder layers and, as expected, the cluster drill has formed sockets in vastly reduced time,” Pearce says. It was not all plain sailing, however, and one operational disadvantage has been that the hard boulders and rock have caused extreme wear on cutting teeth and bits, which have required regular maintenance and replacement. Another disadvantage has been that when forming the socket with the cluster drill, the rock in which the socket is created is reduced to small chips and dust. This means that the rock quality is more difficult to assess post-drilling and a thorough geotechnical investigation is essential prior to construction. “As with most geotechnical works, the cost of a thorough geotechnical investigation is easily recovered during construction through design and construction cost savings, for the ultimate client” Pearce says.

Conclusion With several lengthy work stoppages due to flooding of the access causeway, the piling is expected to be completed in mid-July 2017 after which the main contractor will complete the abutments and bridge piers and place the precast beams supporting the new deck providing a safe, dual lane link between the north and south banks of the Tugela River and helping to uplift Tugela Ferry and the entire surrounding area. 26

CR | February 2018


Easy plastic welding with semiautomatic control

Semi-automatic welding being used on a job site in Africa

Combining the features of automatic CNC control system, with the manual control systems, the semi-automatic control option brings cost reduction and high quality in the process of plastic welding.


owadays, plastic welding of water, gas, mining pipelines is considered to be a rather simple process and is frequently approached with a condescending attitude. Consequently, there are more and more cases where this process is carried out by untrained and inexperienced welders, using low quality equipment. Instead, as a molecular fusion of two parts made of the same material, plastic welding needs precision and there should be no margin for error. Hence, the reliability and quality of a welding is strongly connected with correct processing in the welding cycle. If not performed according to welding standards, welding can result in explosions, fires, floods victims that could have even extremely dangerous consequences to people. For this reason, the welders’ training and use of certified equipment is a key element.

Modern butt-welding technology Modern butt-welding technology has developed 3 types of control system, each with a different automation level:

Manual control system: the hydraulic gear case and the whole welding cycle is managed manually by the operator, who has the responsibility of adjusting the pressure and counting the necessary time of each welding phase. Semi-automatic control system: the operator’s interaction with the control unit during the different welding phases is greatly reduced, and so is his responsibility and the probability of a mistake. The control unit is in fact electronically managed by software that automatically adjusts pressure and time during the welding process.

Automatic CNC control system: the operator has to enter basic information (pipe material, diameter, SDR and welding standard) into the control unit, which is needed for the machine to perform the welding cycle automatically without the operator.

Semi-automatic control: a handy option Obviously, the CNC control system brings more advantages during the entire welding process, as it carries out the cycle automatically. However, a CNC butt-welding machine is considerably more expensive than a manual control system. And so, a semi-automatic option becomes undoubtedly a good compromise, as it minimizes the investment, significantly reduces the probability of welding mistakes and related quality problems. All these aspects, combined with a 40 years’ experience in the plastic welding machines manufacturing, led RITMO to develop the EASY LIFE CONTROL SYSTEM, an intuitive and user-friendly technology that simplifies the welding process. February 2018 | CR


A welder using EASY LIFE


A semi-automatic machine on a job site in Europe

How EASY LIFE works and differs from manual control systems When using an Easy life control system, the operator sets the welding parameters: material, diameter, SDR, time and pressure per welding phase. This requires only a few simple and extremely intuitive passages, which are easy to carry out even for less experienced operators, with the additional support of an on-line tutorial. Once the parameters have been set, they can be saved and stored in the Easy life control system’s memory. With ease,the operator takes care of the preparation of pipes for welding, milling, alignment, etc. Thereafter, once everything is ready, the heating plate is positioned and the welding cycle can start. With a manual control system, the operator has to adjust the pressure and manage the duration of each phase, open and close the carriage, remove the heating plate. This requires the operator’s both hands use very frequently engaged fulfill two actions at the same time. With this approach, there is bound to be room for mistakes. 28

Manual control of plastic welding

On the contrary, with Easy Life Control system, it is the machine computer which adjusts the pressure and calculates the time per welding phase. The operator is not involved in manually managing the pressure valves and lever; it has only to validate each welding phase, when the control unit requires it, just by pressing the corresponding button and removing the heating plate after the automatic opening of the carriage. As a result, the probability of a mistake from the operator’s side is drastically reduced. The option of saving customized welding cycles enables the operator to use those saved parameters whenever needed, therefore saving setting time. Furthermore, the control system is equipped with a data-logging function that records the welding cycle and generates up to 4000 welding reports which can be downloaded in PDF format. With manual machines, the certification of welding is done by data-logging devices which have to be connected to the welding machine and are rather expensive.

CR | February 2018

Massive benefits In conclusion, Easy Life brings fundamental benefits to the entire construction industry, such as the simplification of the welding process at the job site and the reduction of time losses and therefore costs, in addition to high quality standards. Additionally, through high quality and long-lasting pipelines, EASY LIFE can enable the delivery of clean water to communities in Africa.

Latest technology The latest release of EASY LIFE control system, includes characteristics and functions which are very similar to those of a CNC, but at a cost closer to manual butt welding machines. In addition, Ritmo is about to release a dedicated APP for Easy Life, which will increase the efficiency and automation of the welding cycle. Over and above construction projects worldwide, welding technology has been implemented in high productivity machines, particularly suitable for the mining industry for which the cost, productivity and profits benefits have an extremely importance.


February 2018 | CR



Economical, Safe and Eco-friendly Transmission In the changing operating landscape, there is a strong case for utility organisations to utilize steel utility poles in their transmission requirements.


lobally, in power distribution, steel distribution poles are being embraced as a viable alternative to wooden poles, with the USA, where 600 utility

companies specialize in steel power distribution poles, taking the lead. Utility companies, under growing pressure from regulators, have identified the use of steel poles as one of the means through which they can play their part in cutting down their carbon footprint. Besides, steel companies are aiming to reduce their operating costs, as well as increase worker safety. Notably, African countries, in sub-Saharan Africa in particular, are keeping abreast of this trend, judging from recent project developments. A semi-automatic machine on a job site in Europe


CR | February 2018

Substantial benefits

• Lighter

• Recyclability

The SAISC (Southern African Institute of

A steel pole is a lighter product, at least, on

100 percent recyclable, steel is widely

Steel Construction SAISC) is an organization

average, 30 percent lighter than a wooden

considered as the right material to replace

that administers the use of steel in various

pole. With this feature, steel poles can reduce

aging wooden electric utility distribution

construction and engineering projects in

the cost of transportation, handling and

poles. For instance, A life cycle assessment

Southern Africa. Information gathered from

construction, and simplify remote location


the organization highlights, substantially,


Development Institute, a prominent steel body

the main ways through which power utility






in the USA, published cites the following as

companies can benefit from switching from

• Modular attributes

wooden to steel poles.

Steel poles can allow for pre-drilling at the

utility poles with galvanized steel utility poles:

factory, which significantly reduces the time

lower levels of greenhouse gas and aerosol

construction crews spend preparing poles for

emissions associated with global climate


change; a lower burden on critical energy

• Durability In comparison with wooden poles, steel utility poles can withstand extreme weather

environmental benefits of replacing wood

conditions better. In addition, there is a

• Minimizes safety risks

minimal requirement for inspections for


damage due to rot or termites, as steel poles


are impervious to these forces of nature.






resources; reduced impacts on the habitats of many threatened and endangered species, and







reduced impacts associated with hazardous emissions and wastes.


minimized. Additionally, as steel poles are

Strong case

noncombustible, the risk of fire accidents,

Doubtless, considering the current drive

Considerably, steel utility poles have less life

usually experienced with wooden poles, is

to adapt environmentally friendly and cost

cycle costs, as they require less labour and

significantly minimized.

effective technologies in power generation and

• Low life cycle costs

lower overall maintenance costs.

transmission, there is a strong case for utility organizations to utilize steel utility poles.

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February 2018 | CR



Lanseria Airport has a new Control Tower Aiming at becoming a regional aviation hub, Lanseria International Airport in South Africa has embarked on an ambitious project to increase the capacity of its facilities. One of the facilities is the new Control Tower Complex.


ocated in Randburg in South Africa’s Gauteng Province, Lanseria International Airport has its vision set on becoming the regional airport of choice, catering for the SADC and

Sub-Saharan African region. It aims to increase passenger numbers to more than four million per annum by 2023. The upgrades and expansion of its current facilities are instrumental to this growth forecast. Recently, the Lanseria International Airport unveiled anew Control Tower complex that offers the capacity required for this international aviation hub to meet increased passenger and aircraft traffic demand. The Control Tower complex accommodates Air Traffic and Navigation Services (ATNS), South African Weather Services (SAWS) and Aerodrome Rescue and Fire Fighting Services (ARFFS). The position of the complex is ideally located to improve visibility of the runway and surrounding airfields, as well as accessibility for emergency response. “The facility is more than a building that offers additional space for the operations that it will accommodate – it represents our commitment to leveling up and expanding for the growth that we

The New Control Tower at Lanseria International Airport in South Africa

forecast for the future of Lanseria International



in improving access and the movement of

Airport,” comments Rampa Rammopo, CEO

International Airport plays an important role



people, goods and services into and out of

of Lanseria International Airport.

as one of the province’s aviation hubs. So, the

the West Rand region. The new economy of

airport’s growth and expansion ties in very

this area will be anchored specifically on the

New meaning

well with the province’s vision of remaining

development of new economic nodes around

“The massive investment in improving and

the economic hub.

the Lanseria Airport. The Gautrain will reach

extending transport infrastructure at Lanseria

the Lanseria Airport to connect all our major

International Airport gives new meaning to

Three level Multi-Storey Parkade

cities in Gauteng. The future is unfolding

its vision of becoming the regional airport

To meet some of the demands for the region,

in front of us. We are building new cities in

of choice in Africa. This is consistent with

expansion plans for the airport include


the 25-Year Integrated Transport Master Plan

the construction of the three-level Multi-

(ITMP25) of the Gauteng Department of

Storey Parkade currently underway, as well

Developing regional routes

Roads and Transport. In the foreseeable future,

as the expansion of the terminal building

Rammopo discloses that, meanwhile, that

Lanseria should position itself as a significant

and upgrades to the airport’s fuel farms and

talks are underway with international and

City Airport, with extended services and

technical facilities.

local airlines to develop regional routes

scheduled flights to key destinations and cities

to countries such as Namibia, Zimbabwe,

in sub-Saharan Africa,” adds Gauteng MEC of

Private sector funding

Zambia, Mozambique and Mauritius. “With

Roads and Transport, Dr Ismail Vadi.

In the coming years, more than R10 billion

our Control Tower now more ideally located

of private sector funding will be injected

with improved visibility of the runway and

Strategic partnerships

into the establishment of the new Airport

airfields, the opportunities for us to progress

Gauteng Provincial Government remains

City in Lanseria, reveals Gauteng Premier,

our Masterplan has become far more viable.”

committed to growing the province’s economy

David Makhura. “We are investing massively


CR | February 2018


February 2018 2018 || CR CR February

33 33


KISM HEADQUARTERS: A Signature Project by Scope Design Systems


hen Scope Design Systems won the contract to design the Kenya Institute of Supplies Management (KISM) headquarters, it was clear to the firm that

the project offered an opportunity for it to cement its position as a leading player in the building and construction industry. Coming at a time when Scope Design Systems, a leading architecture, urban planning and interior design firm, was executing other projects such as refurbishment of the Senate Chambers and The Wangari Maathai Institute among many others, the firm knew the KISM project would be instrumental in growing its profile. Incorporated 15 years ago, Scope Design Systems prides in many other projects ranging from commercial buildings, government institutions to large scale housing projects. Being the first high-rise building project to be undertaken by Scope Design Systems in Nairobi, the firm was determined to use the project to make a statement. “This project is important to us because it will make a statement along Ngong Road and it will be a signature project for Scope Design Systems,” says Arch. Philip Lenjo, Partner at Scope Design Systems. Notably, KISM is a national body for professionals in the practice

of procurement and supplies management

reduce commute times but is also expected to

observes Arch. Lenjo. He adds that KISM

in Kenya. It operates as a corporate body

significantly contribute to the growth of this

whose site is strategically located along

promoting learning, development of best

node as an office location is and spur the

Ngong Road wants to take advantage of the

practices, and application of the same to the

relocation of new business enterprises to the

transformation of Ngong Road by investing

practice of procurement and supply chain

area as they look for a more serene and less

in the office block that will not only house

management. The institute is putting up its

congested environment particularly away

its headquarters but also act as a revenue

headquarters at a time when Ngong Road

from the traffic congested office hub of the

generating stream.

area is taking a new shape in terms of urban

Central Business District (CBD).

development following the expansion of

Indeed the KISM project brief to Scope Design

Ngong Road into a dual carriageway whereby

Ngong Road has become popular because of

Systems was design of an office block that

phase 1 is nearing completion.

Infrastructural upgrade leading to enhanced

would have office space for KISM to house its

accessibility and connectivity and that is why

headquarters and a high end training facility

The expansion of Ngong road would not only

we see lots of development of high rise office

which will be used to delivery customized

ease traffic congestion along the busy road and

blocks and residential apartments coming up,”

procurement and supply chain training


CR | February 2018

programs. The rest of the space would be sold out or rented corporate organizations to generate additional revenue to the organization.

Salient Features With the brief from the client, Scope Design Systems came up with a concept of an ultra-modern 17-story building within the constrained site comprising three basements levels, 2 levels for retail and 12 floor levels of office space. The development comprises of 9,800 square meters of high quality office space, 150 car park bays with three high speed lifts to serve the various levels. The entrance to the building is dominated by a large canopy from which you encounter a double height lobby space that has the reception area. The ground floor and mezzanine floor has space commercial activities such as retail shops, banking halls among others, 1st floor up to the 11 th floor office space would be sold or let out to corporate bodies while KISM will be occupying the 12th floor. According to Arch. Lenjo, the high end training facility for KISM will be fitted with modern video conferencing facilities and high-speed internet connectivity, and CCTV cameras. To lower energy consumption, the design emphasizes on the use of natural day lighting as well as having

Underpinning of the excavated sides

energy saving LED lighting fittings and high performance glass windows that allow enough natural light but minimize heat gain into the office space. The development is also served by a borehole, back-up generator, fire detectors and sprinkler systems and solar water heating and lighting energy systems. “This is an ultra-modern building offering a full package of high quality office space and amenities.” He states, adding that construction commenced in March 2017 with completion date slated for March 2019.

Challenges Encountered Although implementation of the project is on schedule and on budget, it has not been without its fair share of challenges. The biggest challenge, according to Arch. Lenjo, was encountered during excavation for the foundation. This is because the site is quite tight and is bordered by two existing buildings i.e.Ngong Lane Plaza and Royal Blue Square. “We had to secure and stabilize the foundations of the two buildings because our excavations for the foundations were going much deeper than the foundations of the two buildings. The underpinning process of the two buildings took much longer as it had to done carefully to prevent any Arch. Philip Lenjo from Scope Design Systems

damage to the foundations of the two buildings,” he explains.

February 2018 | CR



Nyayo Stadium Pool Complex, Mezzanine Floor, Aerodrome Rd, P.O. Box 78431-00507, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: 020 6008144 Cell: 0722 951 091. Email:, Website:

Plumbing, Drainage Sanitary Fittings Refrigeration Cold Rooms Air conditioning and Ventilation Kitchen and Laundry Equipment Refuse Disposal System

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Elsan is Proud to be Associated With Scope Design Systems on the Kenya Institute of Supply Management Headquarters Project

Tel: +254 20 2396047/8 Mob: +254 723 855 373, +254 737 855 373 Email: Website:

We are proud to be associated with the Kenya Institute of Supplies Management as their Borehole Drilling Contractors


East End Plaza, Bukani Road, Nairobi West, Nairobi Kenya | P.O Box 4546-00506 Tel: +254-20-6008584, 0705 167161 | Email:

Milicon’s is a leading Building and Civil Engineering Company in Kenya Registered under NCA offering quality and timely comprehensive Solutions and Services in Building and Civil Engineering fields to the complete Satisfaction of Clients, Consultants and its End users, with continuous investment and Technology upgradation, contributing to globalization.



CR | February 2018



ANKA CONSULTANTS LIMITED: A decade of unrivaled service


has executed projects such as the Gelian Hotel in Machakos, Java restaurants all over the country and the Caxton House in the city center.

Since then, the company has engaged itself in various assignments involving several institutions including state corporations such as the Kenya National Highways Authority, which was one of their first major clients, the Kenya Electricity Generating Company and private entities for who the Company

Anka has also spread its wings to Rwanda where they have also been involved in some significant projects including Technical and Vocational Training Schools throughout the country, in addition to training local technical staff. According to Qs. Allan Abwunza, the Technical Director of the Company, living

nka has been active in the industry for 10 years having been established in 2007. The Company was initially registered as a partnership before it was incorporated as a limited company in 2009.

Implementation of a third unit and rehabilitation works at the kindaruma power station for kengen 38

CR | February 2018

up to their mission of giving the client their best service, while working towards their vision of being the premier consulting firm in the Region has been key to the success they have experienced these 10 years of practice. “Quantity Surveyors deal with a very sensitive aspect of the project which is money; whatever else that is done on the project revolves around money. It is therefore very important for the developer to get a quantity surveyor with a reputation for maintaining high integrity standards,” he affirms. “In other words, a good quantity surveyor helps the developer to not only determine the cost of a project, but also control that cost because determining the cost without control mechanisms is a recipe for failure; it is just like planning then failing to manage that plan. Most importantly, a good quantity surveyor also helps the developer to ensure he avoids instances that are likely to result in disputes by identifying potential claim sources so that they are dealt with before they escalate. For instance, if a contractor may require a certain detail from an architect for a particular activity on the programme. If that detail is issued in good time for the activity to be executed, it means that the activity is likely to delay. If this occurs, the contractor will most likely ask for an extension of time and associated additional cost, depending on how the activity impacts on the overall project programme,” he adds.

As Mr. Abwunza further explains, Anka has not only excelled due to the fact that they service a contract with due diligence while keeping the client appraised of the financial implications of changes made to the initial design; they also have value additions which include: advising the architects properly on the time and cost implications of the various design alternative solutions. In this regard, they ensure that cost guides the design not the other way round; and they also get actively involved in cost engineering of projects during the design and implementation stages. “As part of our growth over the 10 years, we have seen a significant increase in the number of employees to attend to the increasing demand for our services. In addition, we regularly recruit intern and graduate quantity surveyors and take them through our rigorous training programme, which is an important aspect of our professional development,” says Qs. Abwunza. The company has further invested in technology in terms of professional software that help in preparing documents and managing contracts. This strategy, according to Qs. Abwunza, has significantly

enhanced our operational efficiency. Despite these successes, Mr. Abwunza observes that the company has faced its fair share of challenges. “The main challenge is the fluctuation in construction output, especially in Kenya. This fluctuation is mainly attributed to the election cycle and the strong link between the country’s construction performance and external shocks caused by political activities. The construction industry is the first casualty of these shocks. Unfortunately, it is also the last sector to recover from the same shocks. As a result, most developers develop a wait and see attitude several months to the election. After the election, they also take time to monitor the performance of the various economic indicators before they make their final decision to proceed with the process of implementing their projects. However, we look forward to future where such external shocks shall have minimal or no impact on the economic stability,” notes Qs. Abwunza. “Another challenge we face in the construction industry is the perennial delay in receiving payments for work done. Any vendor who has done some work for or made supplies to any government department is undoubtedly aware of this problem. Delays experienced by vendors in receiving payment from the government adversely affect us in the construction industry either directly or indirectly. Our operations are directly affected by delayed remittances owed to us by government agencies. However, we are also affected indirectly by delayed payments by some of our clients when their payments are delayed by the same government. The multiplier effect of this delay on the entire supply chain negatively affects the effective delivery of many projects,” he adds. Apart from quantity surveying, Anka Consultants Limited is also involved in Project Management and Contract Administration in the construction industry. Regarding project management, they are involved in the strategic management of the design and construction stages of construction projects while in the contract administration part of the business they are involved in arbitration and dispute management, forensic audit, commercial management and general contract administration.

Kwale mineral sands

KRUPAU CONSTRUCTION LTD. Building & General Contractors We are proud to be associated with Anka Consultants Ltd as they celebrate their 10th Anniversary P.O Box: 33961 Nairobi Kenya | Tel: 3748100 | Fax: 3742389 | Cell: 0722 835281 | Email :

February 2018 | CR



PLUMBING SYSTEMS LIMITED Sudan. It has successfully completed numerous project including well known major ones. Among the many projects the company has been involved with are: • One West Park (modern luxury apartments located in the Westlands suburb of Nairobi) • Bogani Park (a high end residential development set in the serenity of Karen suburb’s lush green environment) • The Hub Karen (This is a recently opened tastefully designed shopping and leisure complex in one of Nairobi’s most coveted neighborhoods) • Carrefour The Hub Karen and Two Rivers (Carrefour is a major French retailer that is fast


odern plumbing is a sophisticated and broad profession requiring highly trained manpower to undertake complex installations in large commercial and residential projects. Today’s plumbing company will undertake traditional plumbing, install solar water heater systems, install Heating, Ventilation and Air conditioning, firefighting systems as well as actualize sewage disposal and waste recycling mechanisms. In Kenya, Plumbing Systems Limited is one of the renowned companies in this sector. Now in its 14th year, the company was founded by Mr Abhijit Patel to “bring change in the building construction industry by offering the best services in general construction as well as in specialized mechanical

Mr. Nilesh Shah. Since inception, Plumbing Systems Limited has grown rapidly and now boasts a substantial workforce that includes 6 mechanical engineers, 3 civil engineers, 50 plumbers and more than 150 skilled labourers.

service installation both locally and internationally”. Mr. Patel himself holds a degree in Mechanical Engineering, bringing the very much needed technical background to the company that he runs with his fellow director,

of projects and can therefore execute all kinds of jobs be they in residential, commercial, health, hospitality or any other categories. Geographically, the company operates in East Africa for now, particularly in Kenya and South


gaining foothold in Kenya. Plumbing Systems Limited was engaged to undertake plumbing works in two of their major branches at The Hub Karen and Two Rivers, the latter of which is one of the largest malls in Africa. Karen Waterfront (a high end lifestyle development that aims at becoming one of the premier attractions of Nairobi.

The company is guided by the mission statement “To revolutionize Building Construction industry, Plumbing and Drainage, Fire fighting, Solar Water Heating and Waste Water treatment installations through a motivated workforce and high quality products at competitive prices”. Plumbing Systems Limited is equipped with adequate manpower, tools and equipment to handle any kind of project. It does not have a bias for any genre

CR | February 2018


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February 2018 | CR


Keeping you cool in summer


Reflects 97% of heat coming from the roof covering

Wind driven rain runs down the foil and out the eves

For more information: |