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Since 1989

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018, Vol 29 No.1 Africa's leading construction journal

Infrastructure in Africa How wide is the deficit gap?

Scaffolding and Formwork evolution Distribution transformers efficiency Aerated and Foamed concrete





+254 780 891 710|+ 254 780 891 709

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR


MANAGING EDITOR Robert Barnes DEPUTY MANAGING EDITOR Francis Makari FEATURES EDITOR Dennis Ayemba COUNTRY EDITORS Kenya - Anthony Kiganda Uganda - Betty Nabakooza Nigeria - Boladale Ademiju South Africa - Jimmy Swira WRITERS Yvonne Andiva, Dorcas Kang'ereha, Pascal Musungu, Nita Karume, Moreen Gakii

CON Since 1989

February 2018, Vol 29 No.2

WEB & GRAPHIC DESIGN Margaret Atieno Sales and Marketing Manager Ken Okore ADVERTISING Kenya: William Mutama, Trizah Njoroge, Lilian Khavosa South Africa: Thuli Nkosi, Winnie Sentabire, Angeline Ntobeng,

Next Issue

Africa's leading construction journal

In the next issue, we look at how modular building can solve Africa’s real estate market problems brought about by rapid urbanisation.

Modular Building xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Uganda: Nobert Turiyo, Selina Salumah Namuli xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Botswana: Dickson Manyudza, Gerald Mazikana Ethiopia: Haimanot Tesfaye, Ruth Girma Tanzania: Tom Kiage Malawi: Anderson Fumulani Ghana: Samuel Hinneh, Caleb Donne Hadjah Zambia: Susan Kandeke Zimbabwe: Chiedza Chimombe Rwanda: Collison Lore Nigeria: Seni Bello China:Weng Jie

The editor accepts letters and manuscripts for publication from readers all over the world. Include your name and address as a sign of good faith although you may request your name to be withheld from publication. We reserve the right to edit any material submitted .

Send your letters to: Construction Review is published eleven times a year and is circulated to members of relevant associations, governmental bodies and other personnel in the building and construction industry as well as suppliers of equipment, materials and services in Africa, the Middle and Far East. The editor welcomes articles and photographs for consideration. Material may not be reproduced without prior permission from the publisher. The publisher does not accept responsibility for the accuracy or authenticity of advertisements or contributions contained in the journal. Views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the publisher. Š All rights reserved.

REGULARS Editor's Comment 3 Corporate News 4 Association News 5 Events 6 Product News 7 Management 8 Opinion - Should pension funds be financing infrastructure in Africa?


COVER STORY: 12 Infrastructure in Africa: Bridging the gap Advanced concrete Technology: Aerated and Foamed concrete


Scaffolding and Formwork : More than just Vertical Access 20 Kumkang Kind Company Limited: Formwork for Construction of Affordable Housing and Social Empowerment in Africa 22

Published by Group Africa Publishing Ltd Kenya Office: Consolidated Bank House, 4th floor, Koinange Street, Nairobi 00100 Kenya, Tel: +254 772642042, +254-20-2213607 Email: Uganda Agent Projects Unusual Uganda Ltd. Jemba Plaza, Luwum St. Kampala, Uganda Tel: +256 776 883181

Botswana Agent Cadline (Pty) Ltd.

P/Bag 494 Gaborone, Botswana. Tel: +267 318 7101, Fax: +267 318 102 E-mail:

South Africa Agent College Publishers CC 1st Floor, 267 Oak Avenue, Oakfields, Randburg, Johannesburg Tel: +27 11 781 4253, Fax: +27 11 781 4287 Email:

Ethiopia Agent Haymi Advertising Services 22 Mazoria, Genet Bldg 4th Flr

TENT Aerated and Foamed concrete

December 2017 - January 2018 Volume 29 No.1

Editor's Comment

Both aerated and foamed concrete

Investment in Africa’s Infrastructure

materials have high flow ability, low self-weight, minimum consumption of aggregate, controlled low strength, and excellent thermal insulation properties.

16 More than just Vertical Access Africa is a region with enormous infrastructural, residential, and commercial building potential, which requires advanced construction techniques along with the scaffolding and form work systems

20 Capital M: Residence for the Discerning Traveller


Distribution Transformers: Minimizing energy loss


Plumbing Systems Limited: More than Plumbing 32 Containerized bitumen storage: Positive prospects for containerized bitumen storage


Lifestyle Heights: A paragon of residential development


P.O. Box 1316 - 1110 Addis Ababa Tel: +251 118 955 855, Cell: +251 930 099 152 Email:

Ghana Agent Image Consortium 1st Floor, The Ecobank Building, Tesano. Tel: 233(0)30 223 2728 I 233(0)274807127 I +233(0)206299159 Fax: 233(0)24 882 8286 Email:,

The discussion about Africa’s infrastructure development is shifting from “deficits” and “gaps” to opportunities, prospects and ventures. This is not news to investors that have paid close attention to the continent and invested expeditiously. The fast growing population with most of them being the youth has led to exponential rural-urban migration; with urbanization expected to further drive over 50% of Africans to cities by 2050. These trends and other developments such as the continents vast natural resources have driven a half century or more of growth in Africa, and will continue to do so. It is important to acknowledge that Africa tests an investor’s patience. Time horizons and return models that work in other markets do not always work in Africa. Even the most experienced, sophisticated investors can be forced to revise their strategy but the need for infrastructure in the area of roads, power, ICT, housing, water and sanitation can offer significant returns to investors and make it all worthwhile. What is important nevertheless, is that investors should realize there is money to be made for those bold enough to help close the infrastructure gaps.

Robert Barnes

Kenya Agent Northwest Ventures Ltd P.O. Box 16414 - 00100 G.P.O Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 20 2679809 I 2679808, 2091305 Email:

Nigeria Agent Rahma Associates B23/24, Aishetu Emoewa Plaza, 196, Iju Water Works Road, Ifako Ijaye Lga,Agege, Lagos. Tel: 234-1-7347860 Email:

Rwanda Agent Kolline & Hemed Inc., B.P. 3328, Kigali, Rwanda Tel: +250 03 748106 E-mail: Website: Zambia Agent Dayflex Limited, 4th. Floor Tazara House Dedan Kimathi Road, Lusaka, Zambia. Tel: +260 211 230 529 / +260 977 756 663 Email:, dayflex06@gmail. com


Ritar Power to promote renewable energy in E. Africa

Danube Group to open new offices in Africa Dubai-based building materials company, Danube Group, has announced its plans to search for franchise partners in Africa. The main countries the firm is targeting are Ethiopia, Kenya, and Nigeria. Danube is already selling in those markets, but sees franchising as a viable expansion for the future, strengthening its presence on the continent. Danube Managing Director, Anis Sajan confirmed the reports and said that they are targeting Africa to be one of their main markets. “Though we already have a franchise partner in Tanzania, we are still targeting the African market and looking for similar partners in Africa,” he said. The company has worked with numerous prestigious projects locally as well as other neighboring countries. The projects include: the BurjKhalifa, the Burj Al Arab, the Shangri-La Hotel, the Grand Hyatt, and the Dubai International Airport, among others.

Chinese battery firm, Ritar Power and Kenya’s Chloride Exide recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to promote renewable energy in East Africa. Karanja Njoroge, General Manager of Chloride Exide, told journalists in Nairobi that they have signed a five year agreement to be the exclusive distributor of Ritar Battery products in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. “Under the agreement we hope to promote uptake of renewable energy solutions such as solar and wind by providing affordable batteries in the East Africa region,” Njoroge said during the first China-Africa Industrial Capacity Cooperation Exposition that ran from Dec. 13 to 16 last year. The four-day event which showcased the latest Chinese industrial technology was aimed at promoting industrialization by encouraging Sino-Africa industrial cooperation.

Nocart signs agreement for a 10MW solar power plant in Kenya Nocart has signed a purchase agreement for the delivery of a 10MW grid-feed solar plant to an independent power producing company (IPP) in Kenya. The project is scheduled to start immediately and first deliveries by Nocart are estimated at 6 months after down payment. The value of the deal is estimated at US$ 14m to Nocart. Cleantech Invest (under name change to Loudspring) owns 19.3% of Nocart. “Rural electrification in Africa continues to grow and with Nocart on the ground in several African countries they are now playing a critical role in making sure that this electrification is decoupled from carbon emission growth.,”



Lidgren, CEO of Cleantech Invest.

Fibertex non woven geotextile - an alternative to conventional earth retention systems Fibertex



Ridge, KwaZulu-Natal.

(in this case 40 -70 kg sand), a

technical manager, Fibertex SA.





durable retaining structure can

“Fibertex UV stabilized virgin

been successfully used by WBB

bags are made from a strong and

be built, whilst allowing the free

PP geotextiles are the only non

Builders, as an alternative to

highly porous fabric, which is

passage of water through the




in Africa with certification for







systems, at recently completed

together. By filling these bags

landscaping projects in Umhlanga

with a free draining medium

and building installations



durability of over 100 years, in

Fibertex non woven geotextiles

accordance with the latest EN

“Fibertex non woven geotextiles,

“Lateral earth retention solutions,

which are manufactured from

incorporating GSC bags, are



highly recommended by builders

Polypropylene (PP) or recycled

and landscapers, in projects where

Polyester (R-PET) fibers, are

land space is limited and a green

gaining popularity in landscaping

facing is required. WBB Builders

and building installations. These



GSC bags for these projects, as

and Fibertex non woven geotextiles, are gaining popularity in landscaping












a lightweight, durable and cost

slopes and also aid in erosion

effective substitute for traditional

control,” explains Gerard Dirks,

lateral earth retention systems.

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018




NCA pushes for review of its regulations The




AAK-Duracoat Awards Of Excellence

Construction intends


review its regulations so as to give it powers to prosecute construction offenders in Kenya. This is in the midst of growing number of cases of developers taking shortcuts in the key industry. This initiative has been thought of after several warnings from the Lands Ministry that most buildings in Nairobi do not meet safety standards, exposing residents to potential disaster. NCA chief executive, Mr. Daniel Manduku confirmed the news and

The Architectural Association of Kenya (AAK) held the President’s Dinner and the AAK-Duracoat Awards of Excellence in Architecture 2017 at Villa Rosa Kempinski, Nairobi. The AAK President’s Dinner is an annual event hosted by the AAK President to celebrate and appreciate the members of the association. The AAK-Duracoat Awards of Excellence event has been held biannually for the last 10 years. AAK have partnered with Basco Paints Limited over the years to host the Awards, aiming at recognizing excellence in Architecture for projects designed/completed in Kenya. This year’s Awards of Excellence is specially to mark the Association’s 50th year anniversary. The Awards focused on projects that have been designed or completed in Kenya over the last 50 years. A competent and qualified jury comprising of Dr. Arch. Susan Kibue, Lecturer, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Arch. Jonathan Manning, Managing Director of Osmond Lange Architects and Planners and Arch. Christian Benimana, Director Rwanda Programs, MASS Design Group and Director, Africa Design Center. The Best Residential Project award went to Urko Sanchez architects for their Swahili Gem while Bowman Associates scooped the top prize for Best Commercial Project for The Hub, Karen.

said that the agency had already

A guest during the AAK Awards 2017 , CR’s William Mutama, Osmond

Moses Nyakiongera, Building Inspectorate







housing deficit. As such, the Society is to construct and deliver 10,000 housing units for each of the 37 states in Nigeria. This is contingent upon the federal



adequate land in each of the states. The lands must come with complete titled documents for the land provided. A guaranteed take off for the completed project is

local government.

us enforcement powers,” Mr.


to support the government in

works. This is courtesy of the

that need to be changed and give



ministry of health is also in the

“We have identified areas in law



in collaboration with the federal

workers in Kenya.



modern functional health centre

of contractors and construction

county due to the many buildings


modern market. Additionally, a

regulates the professional conduct

as potential disaster zones in the


the local governments a standard

Act. At present, NCA directly

Zimmerman, Pipeline and Umoja


The society shall build for each of

the process of amending the NCA

“We have identified Huruma,

The Society of Real Estate

also a requirement.

petitioned Parliament to oversee


SOREDON to help tackle Nigeria’s prevalent housing deficit

Lange Architects & Planners , Group MD, Arch. Jonathan Manning and AAK

Transparency and

Chief Executive Jacob Mwangi,


SAFCEC calls for promulgation of construction empowerment codes


The SA Forum of Civil Engineering Contractors (SAFCEC) has

Abiodun Adedeji, said the move

called for the promulgation of the construction empowerment codes.

will enable the society to perform

The association claims the delay in broadcasting the construction

its function as project executors

sector codes was making some companies non competitive for public

and societal benefactors. He also

Lands Ministry said during an

sector contracts. SAFCEC executive director Webster Mfebe called


on trade and industry minister Rob Davies to publicize the codes which were agreed by all stakeholders in May last year.



Soredon Limited, Dr. Michael

explained this as the reason why the membership is restricted.

The delay, according to Mr. Mfebe, betray policy uncertainty. This, he added, has consequences for business continuity and employment. Consequently, some companies are even rendered non competitive for public sector contracts. Mfebe stressed the relationship between politics and the performance of the economy. He explained that politics influenced the macroeconomic environment within which an economy can either thrive or dive.

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



2nd East Africa Port Expansion Conference

The Regional Energy Co-operation Summit

3rd Underground Infrastructure and Deep Foundations Egypt

EnergyNet is excited to announce that the annual Regional Energy Co-operation Summit will take place from 24-25 January 2018 at the Sofitel Abidjan Hotel Ivoire, in Abidjan. The Regional Energy Co-operation Summit is an annual investors’ meeting focused on energy, infrastructure and the financing of projects in West Africa. At the last meeting in Abidjan, the summit addressed opportunities for cross-border co-operation and regional integration, unlocking West Africa’s investments in energy and infrastructure to support industrialization. The 2018 summit will review outcomes from the last meeting, identify next steps and gather West Africa’s energy decision-makers to drive forward regional partnerships and projects.

Attend the 2nd East Africa Port Expansion Conference to gain insights into East Africa’s port development plans and identify opportunities for your business. The event will host top officials from port authorities, port operators, consultants and contractors from the East African region and beyond to discuss the best possible ways to expedite and execute modernization plans for East

Join us at this event and hear from Suez Canal Authority, developers



Group Properties, and leading geotechnical consultants from Hamza








discuss Egypt’s mega projects in more detail. They will also be looking for solution providers who offer the latest technology


in piling, TBM, geotextiles, soil

28-30 March 2018

improvement and dewatering, in order to execute these projects on

Mombasa, Kenya



- Institute of Botswana Quantity Surveyors

- Architectural Association of Kenya

- Association of Professional Societies of East Africa APSEA)

Association Partners

- The Construction Industry Federation of

South Africa - ASAQS - SAICE

Surveying Profession - Khuthaza ( Women for Housing)

Zimbabwe (Cifoz)

Ghana - Ghana Institute of Engineers

Nigeria - Association of Consulting Engineers Nigeria - Association of Professional Women

- Zimbabwe Institute of Engineers

Engineers Of Nigeria - Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria - The Nigerian Institute of Architects - American Association of Petroleum Geologists Africa Region

- Concrete Manufacturers Association

- Architects Registration Council

- Green Building council of SA

- Ghana Institute of Surveyors

- South African Property Owners Association

- Ghana Green Builders Association

- Master Builders South Africa

- Ghana Institute of Planners

- Building and Construction Skilled Artisans

- Association of Building and Civil Engineering

Association of Nigeria (BACSAAN)

Uganda Institute of Surveyors of Uganda

- Nigeria Society of Engineers - Nigeria Institute of Architects

Contractors of Ghana

Uganda Institute of Professional Engineers (UIPE) &


Uganda society of Architects

Institute of Namibian Quantity Surveyors

Botswana 6

- Construction Contractors Association of Ethiopia

- Zimbabwe Institute of Quantity Surveyors

- Institution of Surveyors of Kenya

- South African Council for the Quantity

and Quantity Surveyors (AQSRB)


- Kenya Property developers Association

Cairo, Egypt

- Tanzania’s Registration Board of Architects

- Ethiopian Association of Civil Engineers

- Association of Consulting Engineers of - Kenya

- Construction Regulation Board (CRB)

- Association of Ethiopian Architects

- Institute of Engineers of Kenya

22nd February 2018

- Tanzania Institute of Quantity Surveyors


- Institute of Quantity Surveyors of Kenya

Association of Consulting Engineers of Namibia


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

Zambia - Zambia Institute of Architects (ZIA) - Association of Building and Civil Engineering Contractors (ABCEC).


Introducing Cats new cold planers

Short-swing size excavator with more power from Volvo

Caterpillar (Cat) has introduced

Volvo Construction Equipment has updated its 2.7-ton mini excavator

three new cold planer models that the company says are capable of controlled, full-depth removal of asphalt and concrete pavements in a single pass.

model saying it represents a versatile and powerful combination of

New Hyundai excavator fills gap for compact swing machine



Powered by a 20.9-horsepower Volvo D1.1A engine with passive

HX130LCR, a 13.5-ton compact-

regeneration, the Volvo EC27D boasts 9,600 pounds of digging force


and “impressive” lifting capacity, the company says, adding that it is similar in size to the ECR25D short swing model, but offers greater





its its

companion, the HX130LCRD, which includes a dozer blade.

The new PM820, PM 822 and

power and stability than that machine.

PM825 are each powered by a

Though this new machine uses 5 percent less fuel and has 30 percent

Cat C18 engine producing 755

less horsepower than its predecessor, the EC27D maintains the same

horsepower. The turbocharged

breakout (5,528 lb.-ft.) and tear out (4,060 lb.-ft.) forces.

The cab features an 8-inch

The machine comes standard with a 2.6 cubic-foot bucket but can be

touchscreen monitor with an

paired with a wide range of Volvo mini excavator attachments via a


pin-grabber mechanical quick coupler.

view of the job site environment

Though a ROPS/FOPS canopy comes standard, Volvo’s Care Cab is

around the machine. The system

C18 features an air-to-air aftercooling system with a variablespeed fan. Cat says the engine “responds quickly to operating demands



an available option on the EC27D and offers 360 degrees of visibility, ample storage and “excellent” noise and vibration insulation.

exhaust temperatures low and

mode for improved load control when swinging.


Cycle speeds are up to 13 percent

Each machine features three

faster, and the Tier 4 Final

cutting settings controlled from

73.6-horsepower Perkins engine

a keypad. Cat says these settings

delivers 10 percent better fuel

match rotor speed/torque to the

efficiency than previous models,

operating conditions at hand.

the company says.

The rotor meanwhile is equipped

Cat Diamond Bits which the company says are sharper and last up to 80 times longer than conventional carbide bits.

Object Detection, which warns

grading control and Fine Swing

between 79 and 98.6 inches.

available options along with


Boom Float mode for better

pounds and offer cutting widths

pattern. Other rotor systems are



The hydraulic system offers

weigh between 79,630 to 82,650

cutting bits arranged in a chevron



within 16.5 feet of the machine.

The half-lane milling machines

tool holders and carbide-tipped

debut at the ICUEE show.

the operator when objects come

maintaining needed airflow.”

with three-piece quick-release

The machines made their official

The LCR model has a standard

JCB is packing big power into a small package


JCB has designed its new compact track loaders, the 210T and 215T, to be small enough for work in confined spaces, but packed it with enough power for lifting a pallet of sod or brick. The machines weigh less than 10,000 pounds each and have 74-horsepower JCB Diesel by Kohler engines that require no diesel particulate filter or diesel exhaust fluid. The radial-lift 210T has a rated operating capacity of 1,900 pounds at 35% of tipping load and 2,650 pounds at 50%. The vertical-lift 215T has a rated operating capacity of 2,100 pounds at 35% tipping load and 3,000 pounds at 50%. An optional bolt-on chassis counterweight allows additional capacity. Both machines can operate high-flow of attachments of up to 30 gallons per minute, the company says. They have JCB’s single boom design, which gives operators 60% more visibility than conventional twin-arm skid steer designs, the company says.





pounds; the LCRD’s standard weight



pounds. The LCR has a max digging depth of 18 feet 4 inches, digging reach of 27 feet and bucket digging force of 22,860 foot-pounds.

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Four tips for finding the right CRM for construction management


lthough businesses in any industry affect their customers’ lives, construction firms have a unique role: contributing to the structures and spaces where people work, shop and live. From small woodworking shops to major construction firms, builders and construction managers don’t forge run-ofthe-mill customer relationships. With so much physical activity and output involved in managing a construction firm, site or individual job, it can become easy to overlook the many other aspects involved with running a business in the industry. Simultaneously working with multiple clients and acquiring new leads can get hectic, and the fast pace of daily


details can divert construction managers’ attention away from the parts of the business that matter most: crafting quality work while maintaining solid customer relationships. Customer relationship management (CRM) platforms can help with the latter goal. However, the CRM market is saturated with options. What priorities matter most to an industry like construction management? Here are the top four aspects of CRM every construction executive should evaluate. 1. Project management functions When managers are working on multiple jobs, there’s one technology feature that can help

Customer relationship management (CRM) platforms can help with the latter goal.


make or break their ability to pull it off: smart project management. Grouping tasks and timelines into pipelines or milestones can help track progress, new employee goals and new opportunities to increase productivity. Look for a CRM that not only focuses on project management, but does so visually–and allows customization functions, such as importing files, importing contacts and emails, and setting reminders for tasks. 2. Sales pipeline maintenance and management At its core, a CRM is designed to manage contacts, prospects and a sales funnel. As prospects move from interested parties to loyal customers, construction managers can use CRM software to quickly monitor the employees responsible for each sale, as well as details about each customer.

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

Managers can use the information to better forecast close dates, using those insights to optimize sales and enhance client relations in the future. 3. Customized reporting Nearly any CRM will offer the ability to report progress on opportunities and ongoing activities. However, some functionalities won’t extend beyond basic graphs. When shopping for a solution that proves its ROI for a business, managers should be sure they’re able to define the criteria included in their reports, and be able to filter results based on the categories that matter most to their organizations. A CRM also should have the capability to create graphs that communicate sales and set alerts or schedule automatic reports. 4. Integrations with existing technology New solutions will only add complexity to business if they don’t play nice with the existing IT setup. Construction managers should take stock of the applications and solutions most important to their firms: Sales, calendaring, file sharing, email, accounting and productivity apps tend to rank high on this list. Ideally, they should choose a CRM that will integrate with those technologies. Importing app data helps provide a 360-degree view of a business, which improves the quality of insights, analytics and potential ROI for a manager. CRM systems help construction managers quickly access client information and maintain, or even raise, customer satisfaction, as their level of detail makes it easy to add a personal voice to every client interaction. However, managers should prioritize solutions that are simple, easily customized, rich in project management and integration capabilities, and can prove their value to the company’s bottom line.


Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Should pension funds be financing infrastructure in Africa?


frica’s infrastructure backlog is well-documented, with the World Bank placing it at an annual value of approximately $93 billion a year, writes Gerald Gondo, RisCura. Globally, infrastructure is increasingly being considered as an accepted asset class within a number of pension plans’ investment policy statements. While acceptance is slow, it is growing. The OECD Annual Survey of Large Pension Funds and Public Pension Reserve Funds (2015) surveyed large global pension plans from 2010 to 2014. The funds represented $7.8 trillion of global savings and a sub-set of these funds reported an increase in infrastructure asset allocation over this period, up from 2.8% to 3.5%. Where to invest? Infrastructure is broad in categorization, but how do institutional investors decide where to invest? This question is best answered by the World Bank Group (WBG) Sustainable Infrastructure Action Plan FY 20122015 – a guideline on how the WBG will respond to infrastructure financing needs in developing countries. The plan provides guidance to African institutional investors on infrastructure investments. It identifies three priority infrastructure categories that African institutional investors can draw upon: Ripple Effects: An example of this is a regional power project with ripple effects beyond the host country, or a rural infrastructure package that boosts agricultural productivity with ripple effects on rural income and development; Bottleneck: Investments that unlock the volume, cost, and quality of economic activity. An example is the development of an accessible source of clean water that provides rural women with more free time by reducing time (wasted) in sourcing clean water and

Gerald Gondo, Business Development Executive, RisCura. He was instrumental in the establishment of RisCura Zimbabwe in 2014 after identifying the country’s need for an independent advisor with proven credentials in advising institutional investors.

increasing their time for other economic activities; and this warrants a bold like Ripple effects and Bottleneck: Infrastructure investments that interconnect two markets or areas such as a bridge within a region or a cross-border power interconnector, international road corridors, or fibre-optic links in a region. The plan’s guidelines, Africa’s infrastructure backlog and the global dynamic of infrastructure now being included as part of pension fund asset allocation provide African pension funds with an opportunity to consider this as an asset class within their strategic asset allocation.

Infrastructure investments Infrastructure investments are long-term and its primary appeal is its potential to deliver a predictable cash flow stream over time. In principle, this asset class presents a compelling natural ‘fit’ to the longer-term liability profiles of most pension funds that demand (ideally) predictable matching cash flows. From a public policy perspective, African governments are providing clear direction on how to address the infrastructure deficit. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) From a public policy perspective, African supported the Programme governments are providing clear direction for Infrastructure on how to address the infrastructure deficit. Development in Africa (PIDA) to identify key

" 10

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

cross-border infrastructure investments between 2012 and 2040. African leaders also committed to prioritize eight regional infrastructure projects under the Presidential Infrastructure Champions Initiative (PICI) in 2012. More recently, NEPAD established the Continental Business Network (CBN). The network aims to facilitate private sector engagement and leadership in important continent-wide infrastructure projects, particularly the regional infrastructure projects under PIDA. While the supra-national policy environment appears progressive, the rules and restrictions faced by many pension funds and long-term savings pools (insurance) remain constrictive. The International Organization of Pension Supervisors (IOPS) surveyed 32 countries in 2011, with the results highlighting regulatory restrictions primarily towards unlisted and alternative investments such as infrastructure. The IOPS research provides remedial advice on the need for national regulators to review regulations for these investments. The specialized nature of infrastructure as an asset class has also seen the emergence of specialist private equity funds and fund-offunds offering investors exposure to it. It therefore makes sense for institutional investors to consider developing a specific infrastructure investment policy to form part of their broader investment policy and investment governance policies. The infrastructure investment policy should feature the same metrics applicable to their traditional assets, such as allocation factors, risk and return budgets, concentration limits and independent valuation parameters, to name a few. African institutional investors may be lured by the high, stable and long-term cash flow and inflation protection potential of infrastructure investment, coupled with its low correlation to traditional asset classes. To read more and to comment on this story visit: http://www.


Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Infrastructure in Africa Bridging the gap


frica today accounts for 12 percent

road infrastructure on which to drive their

Africa lives further than two kilometers to the

of the world’s population but can

newly acquired vehicles. As a whole 329

nearest road while the global average is one

only boast of generating one percent

million Africans live without access to potable

third for developing countries.

of the world’s GDP. Why is this? The answer

water, while 695 million live without basic

Perhaps a most worrying statistic is that the

lies in the wide gap that exists between its

sanitation. Add to this the fact that 34 percent

quality of these two ingredients of economic

infrastructure needs and its actual present

don’t have access to roads and 620 million

development - that is power and roads - has

state. Adequate infrastructure is the most basic

don’t have access to electricity and you begin

actually dropped from 6 percent to 4 percent

requirement in order to compete on the global

to see the dire situation that the continent

over the last 10 years given that the investment

economic stage. It is no wonder then that this


has not kept pace with the cost of maintenance

infrastructure gap has meant that Africa only

and construction.

contributes two percent of global trade.

Power and roads

In order to change this status and put Africa

According to the World Bank, the largest


at par with its peers on the global scene

infrastructure deficits in Africa are to be found

The result of Africa’s infrastructure deficit

investment would need to reach US$ 6tn by

in two key areas: power and roads.

has been higher cost of goods and services in

2040 according to the Global Infrastructure

To put it into perspective, sub-Saharan

addition to reducing the quality of life for most

Outlook Report 2017 but current projections

Africa’s total power generation is equivalent


fall short and put the estimated figure at 40

to Spain yet it has a population 20 times that

Goods are costlier because of the high

percent less at US$4tn making the target of

of the tiny European country that is a fraction

power costs that translate to higher costs

being globally competitive a distant dream.

of the size of Africa by comparison. Africa’s


Africa’s emerging middle class of 340 million

population needs power and yet 620 million

also contribute by making the costs of

has put additional pressure on the need for

people still don’t have access to electricity that

transportation of the goods to market higher.

socio economic infrastructure. This middle

essentially drives economic development.

It is no wonder that Africa contributes only

class needs housing, piped water and a good

When it comes to roads, two thirds of rural

two percent to global trade. Africa is just not


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018





innovative ways and it is thanks in no small measure to the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). It means Africa doesn’t need to follow the long arduous path that the developed world used to achieve their high level of development. Just look at the mobile phone and you see one clear way that technology has saved Africa thousands of miles of copper wire for telephone connectivity. When it comes to providing power to remote areas far from the grid, solar power has meant that these areas can still obtain electricity and even have a bill payment system based on mobile phone money transfer. MKOPA is one

Ethio-Djibouti Standard Gauge Railway competitive enough.

any place in the world, according to the

On the other hand the quality of life is affected

Infrastructure Consortium for Africa. For

when there lacks water supply, sanitation and

instance, African rural population pay around

sewerage disposal putting at risk the very

60 to 80 times per unit more for energy than

health of the population.

urban populations in the developed world.

Economic growth has been hampered by Bridging the gap

trade as a result of poor transportation and

But all is not doom and gloom for

communication. Studies, such as that by the

Africa. Despite everything Africa is in

Infrastructure Consortium of Africa (ICA),

a unique position to leap frog in many

have shown that poor road, rail and harbour

areas and close the infrastructure gap in

goods traded among African countries. This has affected Africa’s broader economic performance and regional integration.

140,000 households offering pay as you go solar power while solar kiosks offer battery charging services in these remote areas. These innovations are closing the power deficit needs for Africa ingeniously. And who would have thought that drones

the limited opportunities for cross border

infrastructure adds 30-40% to the costs of

such company in Africa and has reached over

would offer delivery services where road infrastructure was unavailable. This is the new reality being pioneered in several areas in Africa meeting the challenge of Africa’s low road and rail density which is the lowest in




US $11bn

Expected to become Africa’s

A recent World Bank study on infrastructure

largest port, handling 20

confirmed the challenges with regards to

million containers per year.

Africa’s economic development. It found that the poor state of infrastructure in sub-Saharan

2. Lagos - Calabar

US $11.117bn

coastal railway

and create business hubs

Africa, that is electricity, water, roads and

meant for commercial

information and communications technology (ICT), reduced national economic growth by two percentage points every year and cut business productivity by as much as 40%. It can now be appreciated why infrastructure services in Africa cost more than almost

Expected to link all sea ports

activities. 3. The Lake Turkana

US $6.8bn

Wind Power project

Expected to provide 310MW of reliable, low cost energy to Kenya’s national grid.

4. Grand Renaissance

US $5bn

Dam in Ethiopia

Expected to generate 6000MW of electricity once completed.

5. Ethio-Djibouti

US $3.4bn

Expected to provide a link to

Standard Gauge

the countries’ industrial parks


and dry ports through a cost effective, reliable transport

6. 250MW wind farm in

US $1.9bn


Expected to deliver renewable energy to Egypt and support the diversification of its

Lake Turkana Wind power project in Kenya

generation capacity at a highly competitive price. Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR


building elaborate road networks in urban areas as efficiencies are achieved scaling up these innovations. These opportunities are emerging road maps to prosperity for Africa and we are just seeing the tip of the ice-berg today. But roads will still be needed to deliver manufactured goods and power to make the goods and according to some reports Africa will need to spend US $55bn every year until 2030 to achieve global levels of infrastructure. When it comes to water, the World Bank says sub-Saharan Africa has a combined infrastructure deficit for water and sanitation of an estimated US $93bn annually. Six of the world’s ten most rapidly expanding economies which include: Ethiopia, Tanzania,

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Djibouti, Ivory Coast and Ghana according to

the world. An example is San Francisco start-

make travel and traffic flows more efficient

the IMF’s World Economic Outlook of 2016;

up Zipline which launched a for-profit drone

and optimized reducing congestion and time

are now located in sub- Saharan Africa and the

delivery service late last year, transporting

wasted on roads by reducing the number of

reason for this is Africa’s abundant resources.

crucial medical supplies to remote regions in

cars on the road. Broad band connectivity also

Africa is richly endowed with agricultural and


offers opportunities for work-at-home with the

extractive resources sorely needed in Asia

The emergence of ride-sharing and traffic-

effect of also reducing traffic congestion on

and the rest of the developed world and this

monitoring start-ups means that Africa can

roads and could potentially save Africa from

has stimulated investment in roads, rail and

Energy solutions for all

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CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

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RyceSDMO NewspaperAd Updated Print Copy.pdf

ports in the quest to feed Asia’s

project to the national grid has

growing appetite for Africa’s

meant that it is unable to evacuate

resources. For instance, the US

300mw of power from the energy

$3.4bn Ethio-Djibouti Standard




Numerous financing options are

once fully operational, the first


on the table for Africa which

SG electrified railroad on the

include Africa’s foreign exchange

continent is expected to provide

reserves invested abroad, Pension

a link to the countries’ industrial

funds and Sovereign wealth funds

parks and dry ports through a cost

Effectively addressing Africa’s

effective, reliable transport.

infrastructure gap is essential as

Private investors however need

it will strengthen the transport,

to be assured that government

power, health, education, water


and sewage sectors, improve






12:01 PM











completion of projects and so


they will only be involved in

significantly increase economic

projects that are deemed high


priority by governments. Policy

wider access to their large natural

stability, timelines and revenue

resource deposits, enabling more

certainty are key. For example

efficient exports

in Kenya a project such as Lake

That so much has been achieved

Turkana Wind Power the largest

in the face of these infrastructure

wind farm in Africa has been

problems emphasizes the huge

completed but the government’s

potential that exists across the

failure to connect power from the








Self-leveling Cement Topping A special blend of powder chemicals, Quartz sand and Portland cement.


hen mixed thoroughly with water it becomes a flowing consistency of cement slurry which when poured on a rough concrete surface,

FLOORING SOLUTION Formulated for: 

Quick application - Fast drying – usable after 24hrs

Smooth and level floor achieved very easily

Subsequent surface finish can be applied immediately

Comes in 25kg packaging – add water and ready to use

Non-Labor intensive – cover large areas with ease

Up to 8mm Thickness can be attained

it finds its own level to give a smooth and level floor for subsequent finishes to be placed on it. The product should be spread evenly over the surface to be treated.

It is fast drying and not labor intensive, large areas can be covered very quickly. A special blend of dry chemical which is mixed with water to achieve a flowing consistency that is self leveling when poured over a rough surface.

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Aerated and Foamed concrete


tarting any aerated and foamed concrete production,






consideration the demand for foamed

concrete and aerated concrete, cost of equipment and technological complexity plus raw materials. This is according to Elizabeth of Inntechgroup a modern Russian enterprise that designs and manufactures the equipment for non-autoclaved aerated concrete.

Demand for foamed concrete and aerated concrete Both materials have high flow ability, low selfweight, minimum consumption of aggregate, controlled low strength, and excellent thermal insulation properties. So there is no significant difference for customers between aerated and foamed concrete blocks.

Cost of equipment Let us take a closer look at the equipment which is used for production of foamed and aerated concrete blocks.

concrete. They have similar characteristics

• Molds

so there is no significant difference.

• Mixer

The main requirements for molds are size

Mixer designed for foamed concrete production

accuracy, quality locks, which prevent leaks,

• Cutting device

is technically more complicated. Mixing process

and smooth surface. The moulds are made of

Using battery molds for foamed concrete

is going under the pressure by means of foam

thin walled sheet metal with frame made of

you won’t need to cut the array. But some

generators or in the open mixer by means of

shaped tubes. These moulds are light, easy to

producers use cutting technology for foamed

gerotor type pump. It is vital to maintain the same

use, move and its production doesn’t require

concrete as well as for aerated concrete.

pressure level but that leads to excessive wear of

a lot of investments.

Foamed concrete need more time to develop

fillers, gland seal etc. The gerotor type pump is

Battery molds are popular among foamed

enough strength before unmolding, it takes

more expensive and technically complicated. On



from 8 to 20 hours depending on usage of

the bright side is slow speed of mixing process

constructed by workers before pouring

heating devices. As for aerated concrete – it

and lesser load for bearing unit, you also are able

process and that takes a lot of time. Strict

can be cut just in 1.5 – 3 hours after pouring.

to pour the mixture into the moulds by hoses from

requirements are applied for materials used

There is another difference in cutting


for production of these molds as they directly

technology: aerated concrete is cut buy string

Mixers designed for aerated concrete have

influence geometry of blocks and the speed

saws manually or by automated cutting

simpler construction and easier to use as they

of its construction. That is why molds are

machine. To cut foamed concrete one need

mix liquid mixture. All that you need is just to

made of thick – walled metal which makes

to use circular or belt saws. Surely string

provide mixer with small vanes and high speed

it heavier and more expensive. More over

cutting device costs less than set of saws,

for proper mixing process. There is no pressure

at first these molds promote excellent

besides saws have accelerated wear.

and special drain devices – mixture is discharged

geometry of blocks but later deformations

by gravity. There is disadvantage though – you

are unpreventable.

Technological complexity and cost of raw materials

as there is no way to pour the mixture into the

• Dosing system

Surely the main difference between foamed

moulds from distance.

There are various kinds of dosing systems

concrete and aerated concrete is production

for aerated concrete as well as for foamed

technology. Foamed concrete is produced by

have to arrange movement of moulds or mixer




CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018


array should be cut per blocks.

they will pick the cheaper one.

The main technological difficulties.

Producers should keep in mind that

The main difficulty is development

equipment for foamed concrete

of proper technological procedure

is technically more complicated,

and composition depending on

battery molds are more expensive

your raw materials. There is

and because of slow circulation

no any unique composition for

you will need bigger quantities.



The aerated concrete production

which influence the process are

equipment will cost less because


of less consumption of metal.

concrete. its




quantity of Aluminium powder.


As a rule suppliers of equipment

equipment is cross functional – you



provide full training services and

can produce blocks of any sizes!

technological regulations for each

You also will need less quantities

client individually.

of cement (20% of savings) so that prime cost of aerated


concrete blocks is much more less

There is no difference for your

that is why the product is more

customers whether it is foamed

competitive! And competitiveness

block or aerated concrete block,

of the product is half the battle

they will compare quality and

for any producer of construction

price. As the quality is the same


mixing sand, cement, water and foaming agent. Foam is supplied by foaming machine directly into mixer with targeted frequency and weight. During the mixing process particles of cement and sand envelop foam bubbles. The mixture is poured into assembled and lubricated mold. The array gain stripping strength during 1224 hours. The main technological difficulties. Maintaining of the same quality of foam requires your continued attention. Unstable foam causes unstable density of product. But the main difficulty is slow development of strength. Production of foamed concrete requires usage of cold water as hot water destructs foam. But cold water doesn’t promote development of strength moreover foaming agent itself slows down cement setting. So that development of stripping strength will take 24 hours, further development of strength is also going on very slow. These factors directly influence consumption of cement. Aerated concrete. The main components for aerated concrete production are also sand, cement, water. These components are mixed and last minute blowing agent – aluminum powder is added. The mixture is poured into mold and reaction starts. Air bubbles are created as a result of chemical reaction and they blow up the aerated concrete mixture. In 20-30 minutes reaction stops and the array starts to develop stripping strength. Hot water is used for production, its temperature is about 40-60 C. Heat is also generated during reaction so that the temperature of the array is about 50-60 C. That enables rapid development of strength. In 2-3 hours the

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR


Mwale Medical & Technology City (MMTC) to Transform Kenya

A night view of the development. INSET: A sign showing the way to Hamptons Hospital.


multi-billion shilling project is taking shape right in the heart of Kakamega County in Western Kenya. Mwale Medical and Technology City (MMTC) is a massive sustainable metropolis located in the Lunza area of Butere, a sub county of Kakamega. With full completion scheduled for 2020, MMTC has stirred the hitherto sleepy rural community into the largest single private development in the country and generated excitement across the county and abroad. The brainchild of Mr. Julius Mwale, a Kenyan investor based in New York, MMTC consists of the world’s largest hospital, multiple shopping malls, a technology hub, an airport, thousands of homes and leisure facilities including a 36-hole golf course. The development is backed by an extensive road network, street lighting and an independent power plant. There will also be cable-car transport within the city. But why Butere? Ordinarily, such massive developments take place within or near major cities in order to attract the middle to high income population with substantial disposable income. “The main issue was land”, says Mr. Mwale. “Most large projects are mired

in land controversies but given our location, it was easy for us. And because of the market that we are targeting, that is East Africans, it was a much better location than Nairobi.” He reveals that an elaborate feasibility study was conducted between 2007 and 2012 to assess the viability of the project. It emerged that approximately 180,000 East Africans travel to India and South Africa annually to seek specialized medical services. “We decided to offer those services here and possibly capture at least a third of that market”, says Mr. Mwale, who is also the lead investor. The project, set on 5,000 acres, consists of three phases. Phase 1 comprised a shopping mall, supermarket, bed and breakfast accommodation and 90,000 square feet of private residences. Work commenced in 2014 and was completed in July 2016. Phase 2, consisted of the first section of the hospital, over 70km of roads built to all-weather standards including large stretches of tarmac, and more than 320 solar street lights that light up the entire complex. The first section of the hospital offers cancer treatment services while other departments such as renal, heart and

infectious diseases will be added in Phase 3. Phase 3 itself, which began in September 2017 and will continue through 2020, comprises 4,800 homes for doctors, nurses and other health workers built around a 36-hole golf course and a power plant that utilizes waste from the hospital and city. The power plant is expected to generate 144MW, out of which the city will use about a fifth while the surplus will be fed into the national grid. It is also in Phase 3 that the technology park for mobile and medical technology will be completed. “Over 10,000 engineers are expected to be based here”, says Mr Mwale. Other major components of the last phase are the airport, convention centre and a water park for recreation, all connected by cable car. MMTC cost of construction is $2 billion funded by US investors and supplemented by the power purchase agreement and sale of homes. One of the reasons projects of this magnitude fail is opposition from the local community. But MMTC has been careful to avoid this pitfall by heavily involving the community around the project. “When we came in, land here was going for Kshs. 150,000 an acre”,

One of the doctors’ homes within the city.

Local residents are excited about the development for creating jobs and bringing healthcare and shopping closer.

says Mr Mwale. “Today, the same is going for Kshs. 3,000,000.” The local farmers are also the ones supplying the land in an arrangement where the developer gets their homes upgraded and builds them rental units. “No one is being displaced”.

A private residence within the development.

This is one of the major reasons the community is fully supportive of the project. Some families who were previously earning Ksh 20,000 from their sugarcane farms over a period of more than a year are now earning Kshs. 40,000 per month. In addition, the project has created many jobs for the community and will continue to do so as the metropolis comes together. The project’s success is also clearly attributable to Mr. Mwale’s extensive business networks in the United States where has resided for nearly 20 years and has been able to convince many to buy into his dream of MMTC. Currently a host of US companies, some of which he is a shareholder, are heavily involved in the project.

Work goes on 24 hours.

“If you are building something for the community, it is easy to get support; it is as simple as that”, says Mr Mwale. “If it is just about you, then things will be very different and you might not go far enough. I have lived in this area (Kakamega) and therefore know what the people need. By building a big hospital, we are helping the people to live their lives to the fullest.” Mr. Mwale is upbeat about the future of MMTC. “In 15 years, this is going to be one of the largest cities in Africa.” The city is modeled on Phoenix City in Arizona, which was built in a desert amid skepticism but is today famous for its high-end spa resorts and designer golf courses. For more information, please visit MMTC at Hamptons Mall, Hamptons Hospital Road off Road D260 at Lunza Primary School, Butere Sub-County, Kakamega County, Kenya. Contact them at: Email: Phone: +254 706 806615 For additional information, visit: (updated daily)

New roads within the city being tarmacked.

Golfing will be among the leisure facilities offered.


Control tower at Dakar International Airport, Senegal

More than just Vertical Access


frican contractors have normally utilized primitive bamboo and wood contraptions as a cheap but unsafe alternative to form work. Recently African construction authorities in their bid to increase construction safety have turned their focus towards starting to regulate and set standards for construction, equipment and building materials. Mr. Gavin Pinto, Senior Marketing Communications Professional from RS Group a UAE head quartered 360° form work engineering solutions provider covering major markets across Africa, Middle East and Asia mentions that, this regulatory interest in promoting site safety has resulted in an increasing number of contractors willing to adopt form work technology. Africa is a region with enormous infrastructural, residential, and commercial building potential, which requires advanced construction techniques along with the scaffolding and form work systems that make such growth possible. According to XabierHarreguy the Africa Export Manager at ULMA Construction in Spain, economic and demographic growth, together with reforms in urbanization regulations, are strongly stimulating


growth in the construction industry in Africa. “This strong demand has had a direct effect on the gradual introduction of companies that, like ULMA, develop innovative and safe form work and scaffolding systems that guarantee productivity on-site,” he says.

The African Market The Formwork and Scaffolding trade is a very labour intense trade therefore the safety of labourer is most essential. New technologies try to minimize the labour intensity to make it more safe, this means reducing the labour element; this is according to Marvin of Vivaone of the market leaders in supplying and erecting Formwork and Scaffolding in South Africa. “With the unemployment rising in Africa, the continent prefers old systems which are almost redundant but effective which means less cost for material and enough for labour,” he adds. In some North African markets, such as in Algeria, Morocco, or Tunisia, as well as in South Africa, the use of modular formwork systems is widespread and largely considered standard; the acceptance of innovative formwork and scaffolding systems

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

has slowed down and is proving to be more gradual than hoped. “We can say that there is a direct relationship between the nature of the construction company that operates in these markets and the degree of technological innovation applied, with European and American firms generally demanding a higher level of technological sophistication,” adds MrHarreguy. The African market is receptive to technological innovation, and more so if it is accompanied by comprehensive services that include a study of the possibilities for each project, the technical design of the formwork and scaffolding solution, and provisioning of the best-suited material for the project. According to Mr Johan Vermaak of Peoscaff in South Africa, the market is getting exposed to a system called ring lock system which is imported and that is used mainly for light to medium duty construction. “At this stage ring lock system is a fairly new concept to the market and is not well known but steadily making a stance in the market,” he added. Therefore, the demand for quality is steadily rising across the continent, and in line with the ongoing demand for housing units, more governments are committing to creating large-scale housing projects, a recent example being the 800,000 units planned by the Moroccan government, as announced at the Al Omrane Expo 2017; this is according to HaraldBeutel of Doka a developer, manufacturer and distributor of formwork technology. “Large-scale housing projects require high performing, easy-to-use systems, which can be easily managed by local manpower, ideally without the use of cranes. Monolithic concrete construction is the ideal solution to meet the high demand of housing,” he adds.

Installation and safety It is absolutely essential that the assembly of scaffolding and formwork systems be simple, quick, and safe, using standard pieces that can be used in multiple applications. Formwork systems should be versatile, strong, and durable, permitting

the construction of any geometry required for residential, commercial, or infrastructure projects. Mr. Harreguy from ULMA construction further adds that the demand is high in Africa for lightweight man-portable modular systems, such as COMAIN, LGW or LDR, ONADEK, and SP Props designed principally for the residential building market. These systems are extremely strong, versatile, and easy to assemble and use; polyvalent formwork systems composed of standard components that allow for a wide variety of configurations in slab, column, and wall formwork. Most importantly, according to Ozren Stakic of Ferro-Met s.p.a a producer and distributor of construction equipment in Italy, installation has to be made according to regulations and instructions that have been provided by the producer. “As a producer we are always giving full technical support in terms of installation. Some scaffolders are very reckless, mostly because there are no safety regulations provided by governments so they do it their own way which sometimes can be fatal,” he asserts. According to Robert Matzke of Geruestexperten in Germany, in Europe each scaffolding system has to comply with strict safety standards and is homologized for a standard assembly certified by national authorities. Although the installation of scaffolding is a technically demanding profession the xassembly can be learned and trained in a relatively short Uni-span Advert 180 130 11/9/17 4:48 PM Page 1 period. As long as the height of the scaffolding is not exceeding 14 m

it can be installed by a team of three workers of whom one should be qualified or trained for the job. “The costs of the purchase of an initial scaffolding package of approximately 600 sqm is often overestimated by potential buyers from Africa when on the other side the advantages in saving time and money with the new technology is underestimated. It offers a fast return on the investment made especially when rented out in times of not being used by the owner. and not to forget ‘Safety first’,” he adds. Nevertheless, what makes customers successful, of course, is that scaffolding erectors can optimally meet the needs of their own customers; this is according to Layher the world’s biggest manufacturer of scaffolding systems. “However, profitability and safety are other crucial factors that help them stand out from competitors. Since assembly and logistics costs continue to account for 80 % of the cost of scaffolding services, reducing the weight of the components can significantly improve assembly and dismantling operations and help make better use of transport capacities,” the family-owned company based in Germany affirms.









Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Kumkang Kind Company Limited Formwork for Construction of Affordable Housing and Social Empowerment in Africa Kumkang Kind Co., Ltd. is a construction materials company established in 1979 in Seoul, South Korea. It is one of 20 companies under the Kumkang Kind Group, with presence in more than 30 countries and 7 branches across the world, namely: Kumkang Kind Korea (Headquarters), Kumkang Kind America, Kumkang Kind India, Kumkang Kind Malaysia, Kumkang Kind Vietnam, Kumkang Kind Indonesia and Kumkang Kind East Africa. Furthermore, the company has established several agents and distributors such that wherever you are, you will always find their products nearby. Kumkang Kind is a public listed company with over 500 employees worldwide, and US$600m in sales annually. Having seven factories in Korea and 1 factory in Malaysia, Kumkang Kind’s unrivaled manufacturing capacity produces over 1.9 million square meters of Aluminum formwork, 26,000 tons of aluminum billets, and 12,000 tons of scaffolding and special formwork every year. With over 38 years of experience in the manufacture and distribution of construction supplies, Kumkang Kind delivers a wide range of solutions. These are aluminum Formwork, Steel Formwork, Civil infrastructure Formwork, Scaffolding and Shoring, Modular Units, Steel Pipes, and Climbing Systems. Aluminum Formwork The aluminum Formwork System was developed by W. J. Malone, a Canadian Engineer in the late 1970s as a system for constructing low–cost housing units in developing countries. The units were to be of cast-inplace concrete, with load bearing walls using a formwork of aluminum panels. To be erected by the hundreds, based on a repetitive design, the system ensured a fast and economical method of construction. The Kumkang Kind’s aluminum form work production facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art Friction Stir and Robotic Welding machines to guarantee the highest quality. Also, a highly experienced technical department ensures clients recieve unsurpassed support and strict supervision to enhance efficiency and safety. Meanwhile, the aluminum recycling and extrusion factory allows the company to be self-sufficient in diversifying 22

the aluminum supply base to avoid any delays.

Kumkang Kind East Africa Kumkang Kind East Africa was established in Nairobi, Kenya on 15 February 2017 to cater to the growing need for affordable housing in Africa. This is the first and currently the only form work company to have a branch in the east African region. According to United Nations Habitat, in the next fifteen years Africa’s cities will have to accommodate an average

of about an extra 40,000 people – every day. By the year 2050, the population will have increased by an estimated 1.3 billion people, and Africa will need to accommodate around 25% of the world’s population. UNICEF’s David Anthony, in an interview with National Public Radio (NPR, America), said that the upswing in population presents both an opportunity and a challenge, depending on how the African governments handle it. Additionally, he warns that a lack of investment could result in mass poverty and mass inequality: “The worst thing would be if this transition was just allowed to happen because what you’re going to see is an unparalleled growth of the slum population.”

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

Addressing this will require rethinking how affordable units are delivered, given that the current construction methods used are failing to keep up with demand. The outdated, time consuming and labor intensive use of brick or stone continue to be the most popular material for building structures. Other more recently adopted methods such as plywood form work significantly impact our environment negatively, and the weight of steel form work remains a great disadvantage to the speed of

construction. The solution? The adoption of lightweight form work that is reusable hundreds of times and allows for the rapid construction of mass housing projects. Kumkang Kind’s aluminum Formwork System has proven to decrease the construction period by 84% and the overall cost by 36% compared to traditional methods of construction. Products’ suitability to the market needs Given the current housing deficits across the continent, and the rapid pace of demographic and urban growth, Africa requires innovative interventions to meet affordable housing requirements. This means housing that is appropriate

for the needs of a range of very low to moderate-income households. The price to this end user is directly related to the cost of construction, which depends on the time the contractors will need to execute the work and the degree of specialization of the work to be done. Focusing on these requirements and providing appropriate solutions have been the hallmark of Kumkang Kind’s business since day one. With the most advanced manufacturing technology and technical know-how from vast experience, Kumkang Kind always provides the most economical and productive systems to address these factors.

Speed Kumkang Kind’s aluminum Formwork system uses a single pour of concrete for the walls, beams, columns, slab and staircases thus allowing for a 4 to 7-day cycle per floor. In relation to affordable housing, this means that projects can be delivered at least 4 times faster than conventional construction.

Cost Generally, the longer a project takes, the greater the project costs will be. By substantially reducing the construction period, there is a similar reduction in the resources required and the overall construction cost. To the end user this means a more affordable house, to the client it allows for fast delivery and sales, the contractor receives payment in shorter periods and the financier benefits from a quick turnaround on investment.

Quality & Simplicity With a smooth surface and accurate dimensions of panels, there are no requirements for plastering or remedial work after concrete casting. This is another substantial cost saving. Easy assembly of the formwork eliminates the need for skilled workers. The use of a hammer and minimal manual tools are all that is required when assembling the panels. There is no timber, brick or stone used in the construction of the building superstructure, therefore there is no requirement for carpenters or masons. Kumkang Kind formwork provides independence from scarcity of skilled tradesmen.

Support With vast experience and a global network,

Kumkang Kind works hand-in-hand with project professionals, contractors and developers in the use of their aluminum Formwork through training, knowledge transfer, the actual implementation and aftersales support. Kumkang Kind East Africa is the first base of operations in Africa, from which the global support team is coordinated to the various sites across the continent.

Social Empowerment “The rationale for stimulating local housing markets is clear: for every house built in emerging markets, five jobs are created.” Centre for Affordable Housing Finance in Africa. This is more so with Kumkang Kind aluminum formwork. The Youth and Under/Unemployed – the simplicity of the formwork reduces the need for skilled laborers yet it increases the opportunities to employ local and unskilled labor readily available anywhere on the continent. This not only increases acceptance of slum upgrading or urban renewal projects, but also provides a sense of ownership and pride to the local community. Local and SME Contractors – Through repetition, one set of formwork can be used for hundreds of times. A single contractor is able to construct hundreds of floors of similar design every week. African Governments therefore are not dependent on large or international contractors, but can empower local resources on large-scale projects. Knowledge Transfer – Kumkang Kind acknowledges the lack of exposure of this technology to the African market, despite its simplicity. With this in mind, a series of training sessions are provided to first-time users through on site training at available existing job sites, preliminary training at the client site, training and supervision during the course of the work, and most importantly, ongoing support through the Kumkang Kind East Africa office in Nairobi, Kenya.

Scalability Kumkang Aluminum Formwork System is modular, and as such engineered to any architectural or structural layout. Thus, the designers can be as creative as they like. Buildings cast using Kumkang Kind’s aluminum formwork allow for the construction of taller, stronger and more complex structures. The high cost of land in urban areas presents

the opportunity to build higher to maximize on land usage, and outward to provide housing to semi-urban or rural towns.

All-in-one System Kumkang Kind provides the formwork panels, shoring, external working platforms and accessories required for each project. Unlike other existing systems, the Kumkang Aluminum Formwork System is flexible, lightweight and suits all building types without the need to rely on heavy cranes and other heavy construction plant and equipment. Furthermore, all components are 100% recyclable and thus reduce the impact to the environment.

Reception of new technologies and innovations As is the trend with the adoption of other global innovations, the continent is leapfrogging into technological relevance. Since 2010, the Kumkang Kind’s aluminum formwork system has been adopted in several countries in the north, east and west of Africa.

Algeria A great example of the use of their formwork would be Dabladji Enterprise & Service. The owner, Mr. Abderrahmane Dabladji, was initially a painting sub-contractor who later invested in the aluminum formwork for a project of 80 residential units. Due to his impressive speed and quality, the company was engaged by the Algerian Government to construct thousands of social housing units. Dabladji Enterprise & Service has mastered the use of Kumkang Kind’s aluminum Formwork and is achieving an incredible cycle of two days per floor or more than 100 units per month.

Kenya Another success story is Homex Housing. The founder and CEO, Mr. Samuel Njoroge, began using lightweight reusable formwork in 2012 and the company has never looked back. Homex Housing has since incorporated Kumkang Kind’s aluminum formwork in five residential developments in Namanga, Nairobi and Kiambu, and continue to order more of Kumkang Kind’s formwork for new projects. To read more and to comment on this story visit: http://www. Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Total Formwork Solutions Provider!

Kumkang Kind Aluminum Formwork Lightweight Average 23kg/m2

Not dependent on tower crane Manual transportation by labors

Monolithic construction Single concrete pour for all structures

Time saver

Average 4 to 7 days cycle per floor

Repetition Average 150~300 repetition per panels

Environment friendly High scrap value

Kumkang Kind East Africa Office 15A, Mezzanine 2 , The Mirage, Chiromo Rd Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya Tel. 254-2-0250-0882

Headquarters Kumkang Kind BLDG., 16, Hyoryeong-ro 60-gil, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea Tel. 82-2-3415-4154 Fax. 82-2-3415-4165 24

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018


Capital M

Residence for the Discerning Traveller


mixture of retail, leisure and residential



one building. All naturally lit and

ventilated giving an interesting scheme of 10 residential floors over 2 retail floors with a top floor of communal facilities. That sums up Nairobi’s latest sensation – Capital M Apartments, located in Westlands. Designed by prominent Nairobi architectural house Beglin Woods, Capital M plans to enter into the largely untapped Airbnb business travel market. Airbnb is a home-sharing service that is quietly taking root in Kenya especially at the coast as owners open up their homes to mostly tourists who want a home away from home kind of accommodation. For business travellers, their uptake of Airbnb is still low as many still prefer the finest hotel

rooms which guarantee daily clean beddings, a bar or a gym and conference facilities. However, Capital M - which will have 110 apartments and penthouses - has set the bar high in the residential property market and will have a conference centre, concierge services and a cafe. Residents can also play indoor squash, swim or lounge at a rooftop pool or roof garden. The roof garden also insulates the building from heat and keeps it cool. It also has a business lounge. The high-rise property is set to compete with hotels such as Crowne Plaza, Radisson Blu and Villa Rosa Kempinski for business. Aram Laloui, the director at Zana Group, who are the marketers of the property, said

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR


its location makes it attractive to business

goes for Sh40 million. Mr. Laloui said


currently a traveller staying in an Airbnb listed

Residency by Best Western.

house pays between Sh11,000 to Sh20,000 a

Award Winning

“Airbnb has high numbers of users and Capital

night in Westlands for one and two bedroomed

The developers, Fedha Group, are among

M wants to leverage these travellers to attract

units respectively.

Kenyan companies that won global accolades

higher rental income for property owners,’’ said Mr. Laloui.

during the Africa & Arabia Property Awards The property, set to be completed in 2018, will

in Dubai. The awards are a chapter of the

also target frequent travellers to Nairobi who

larger International Property Awards that

Their one-bedroom apartments are seen as the

want a permanent base.

celebrate the highest levels of achievement

ultimate residences for the young and rich and

The developers behind Capital M are Fedha

by companies operating in all sectors of the

will cost Sh14.25 million while a penthouse

Group which built Fedha Plaza and Executive

property and real estate industry.


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

The International Property Awards are open

Participants enter at their relevant national

The highest-scoring winners from each region

to residential and commercial property

level and are judged by a highly experienced

are automatically entered into the overall

professionals from around the globe.

team of professionals who cover the whole


range of property disciplines. Companies


According to the organizers, the awards

selected as winners are then invited to attend


are split into regions covering Africa, Asia

a glittering awards dinner for each region and

Pacific, Arabia, Canada, Caribbean, Central

have the right to use the prestigious logo in

& South America, Europe, UK and USA.

their marketing.


Awards, the






Sustainable Building Consultancy Services, Green Building Certifications (LEED, GREEN STAR, EDGE), Building Simulation Modeling (Energy, Daylight, Ventilation, Acoustic), Energy Auditing, EIAs.


+254 (0) 713 380 549 Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Integrated YMR Partnership Lion Place, 4th Floor, Waiyaki Way, P.O. Box 2403-00606 Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya. Wireless: +254 020 3286000 Mobile. +254 707 963094, +254 786 425729 Email : Website:

ARK CONSTRUCTION LTD P.O. Box 21073-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.Tel: 0721/0734 720975 Email: Website:

Building construction and associated civil works Office and Shop fit out Metal and timber fabrication General renovation works Landscaping

We are proud to be associated with Beglin Woods Architects as the Quantity Surveyors on the award winning Capital M Apartments project

We are proud to be associated with Beglin Woods Architects on the Capital M Project 28

CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018


We have 26 different modules to pick from available in Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

Base Units Wall Units Tower Units

All cabinets come with the required hardware to assemble

Flatpax Buying Process 1. Measure and sketch your kitchen space 2. Choose your ideal flatpax cabinets

Reasons To Buy Flatpax 1. Quality - All cabinets are made from

the finest quality boards and fabricated on world class machinery. We guarantee consistent quality in all cabinets.


unassembled cabinet components


2. Convinience - Excellent packaging that makes it easy to transport and handle on site. Minimum tools are required to assemble the cabinets.



3. Speed - Quick turn around time from the point of placing the order to installation of the cabinets . assembled cabinet

3. Place your order for the cabinets 4. Pay and collect your cabinets immediately 5. Select your door colours 6. Place your order for the cabinet doors




Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Minimizing energy loss


ransformers are complex yet they are

to the increasing number of foreign investment

at a utility power plant will alter voltage

the selected equipment used by most

in the power sector. Presently, Africa

numerous times via transformers before

of the industries for smoother power

depends majorly on hydropower projects for

reaching the end user; therefore, according

supply. With the growing energy consumption

electricity generation. Therefore, distribution

to Abel Gilbert of Powertech transformers an

and various mega infrastructure projects under

transformers are gaining significance due

expert in manufacturing, testing, installation

construction, Africa needs to major its focus

to the accelerated construction activities

and commissioning of a full range of power

on expanding its power generation capacity.

in the power expansion necessities for the

and distribution transformers from in Africa, a

According to Andre Van Zyl CEO of Reliable

transmission network to carry additional

reliable and durable transformer is required at

Transformers a manufacturer of transformers


each point along the distribution path where a change in voltage is necessary.

in South Africa, the growing capacity and the ever rising power demands are consequently

Distribution transformers are considered to

boosting demand for distribution transformers

be the best as they offer high voltage rating

Mr. SumeshanPadayachee of Revive Electrical

in Africa.

with the highest level of power. The most

Transformers one of the leading transformer

efficient way to transport power, is by the use

manufacturers in South Africa affirms that,

Africa’s existing power grid and the new power

of the highest available voltage, given that

the distribution transformers market in Africa

transmission line is highly expected to fuel

higher voltage equates to lower currents for

is worth around US$ 115m.

distribution transformers market growth due

a constant amount of power. Power produced


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

Buying a distribution transformer

systems. However, the basic concepts of

losses incurred.

Transformers can be in service for decades,

the best distribution transformer, one has

Unlike other parts of the world, Africa has

and with such a long life span the operating

to consider the machines used in building

no mandatory standard on energy efficiency

cost can greatly exceed the initial price.

the transformer, material used to design the

for the distribution transformers which could

This is why one should be very keen

transformer and how skilled are the workmen

foster the realization of these cost saving

when choosing the right transformer for

before purchasing the power machine.

potentials. Compared to saving potentials in

economic performance. According to Saleem

According to Aubrey Chabalala of Transformer

other areas, the electricity saving potentials

Muhammad of PEL Group a manufacturer of

Manufacturers a leading manufacturer of

of distribution transformers in power industry

distribution transformers in Pakistan, apart

medium range electromagnetic distribution

and commerce seem to be small. Nevertheless,

from making sure the transformer is tailored

equipment in South Africa, transformers that


to meet your needs, one has to look at the

minimize energy loss are quite expensive since

mitigation and energy security is necessary,

proper size (capacity) and efficiency of the

they have a more complex design as compared

particularly if it is economical.

transformer; and efficiency means looking at

to traditional transformers which are devoid of

both the core steel and the winding material.

that function.





When energy savings are driving part or all of the justification for selecting a particular

At times there can be a tendency to oversize the transformer capacity relative to the load

Minimizing energy loss

transformer, it is important that these savings

it will actually see. PEL Group has offices in

Today, many untapped technologies have been

are indeed present once the transformer is

South Africa, Botswana and Swaziland.

invented to save energy and encourage the use

installed. This means commissioning the

of renewable energy sources. However, energy

transformer for energy performance after

Distribution transformers play a key role in

losses of distribution transformers account for

installation. In fact, some rebate programs

an electrical system’s efficiency and power

almost one third of overall transmission and

and other life cycle-oriented programs like

quality, yet 95% of buying decisions are

distribution losses. Even though the electricity

Leadership in Efficiency and Environmental

based solely on first cost. Buying based on

demand keeps going over the roof in several

Design advocate for the ongoing product

life cycle cost would save literally hundreds of

African countries with the electricity system


thousands of dollars in operating losses over

developing towards ‘smart grids‘, the most

the installed life for transformers. Therefore,

worrying question still remains, how will the

In a nutshell, according to William van Wyk

users can lower energy rates and avoid high

integrated distribution grid system loss be

of Free state transformers a manufacturer of

transformer losses by investing in energy-


distribution transformers in South Africa, the African market is quite huge so customers must

efficient transformers. Since a wide variety of transformers serve

make sure before they buy from just anybody,

Normally, transformers are wounded with

different purposes, actual losses incurred

they are well informed. Most importantly cut

copper wire, but they can as well be wounded

in the field will vary substantially from one

out the middle man and buy directly from the

with aluminium wire. The efficiency is

installation to another. Load level varies


almost the same and is cost-effective as well.

widely, with some installations running very

Distribution transformers are widely used

heavily loaded and others more lightly loaded.

in electrical power supply and distribution

This difference substantially affects actual


NAIROBI: P.O. Box 14994-00800,1st Floor, Sri Sathya Sai Centre Waiyaki Way. Tel: (020) 2108281, 2621669, 0734 555412, 0722 204591, Email: MOMBASA: P.O. Box 82723-80100, 3rd Floor, Jubilee Arcade Moi Avenue. Tel. 041-2318722, Email:



We are proud to be associated with Team 2 Architects on many projects

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Plumbing Systems Limited More than Plumbing


raditionally, plumbing was perceived as a trade that merely

background to the company that he runs with his fellow director,

involved sanitary works in buildings to get bathrooms, kitchens

Mr. Nilesh Shah. Since inception, Plumbing Systems Limited has

and related facilities functioning properly.

grown rapidly and now boasts a substantial workforce that includes 6

Today, plumbing is a sophisticated and broad profession requiring

mechanical engineers, 3 civil engineers, 50 plumbers and more than

highly trained manpower to undertake complex installations in large

150 skilled labourers.

commercial and residential projects. The modern plumbing company will undertake traditional plumbing, install solar water heater systems,

The company is guided by the mission statement “To revolutionize

install Heating, Ventilation and Air conditioning, firefighting systems

Building Construction industry, Plumbing and Drainage, Firefighting,

as well as actualize sewage disposal and waste recycling mechanisms.

Solar Water Heating and Waste Water treatment installations through a

Whether one is undertaking a single private residential unit or a mega

motivated workforce and high quality products at competitive prices”.

shopping mall, it is critical to engage qualified plumbers or plumbing company. Experience shows that the costs of working with unqualified

Plumbing Systems Limited is equipped with adequate manpower, tools

personnel or companies can bring forth untold misery and losses when

and equipment to handle any kind of project. It does not have a bias for

a property is eventually occupied.

any genre of projects and can therefore execute all kinds of jobs be they

In Kenya, although there is a general shortage of qualified plumbers as

in residential, commercial, health, hospitality or any other categories.

any mechanical engineer will attest, there are several companies that have put together qualified personnel and can therefore easily undertake projects of any complexity with ease.


Plumbing Systems Limited is among them. Now in its 14th year, the

Geographically, the company operates in East Africa for now,

company was founded by Mr Abhijit Patel to “bring change in the

particularly in Kenya and South Sudan. It has successfully completed

building construction industry by offering the best services in general

numerous project including well known major ones.

construction as well as in specialized mechanical service installation both locally and internationally”. Mr. Patel himself holds a degree in Mechanical Engineering, bringing the very much needed technical

One West Park

Bogani Park

These are modern luxury apartments located in the Westlands suburb

This is a high end residential development set in the serenity of

of Nairobi.

Karen suburb’s lush green environment


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

This is a recently opened tastefully designed shopping and leisure complex

New Muranga Technical Training Institute – Maragua

in one of Nairobi’s most coveted neighbourhoods.

This is a college based in Central Kenya offering vocational training

The Hub Karen

to the youth.

Edenville Phase 2 Kiambu

Carrefour The Hub Karen and Two Rivers

Edenville Two is a gated community consisting of ultramodern maisonettes

Carrefour is a major French retailer that is fast gaining foothold

located in Kiambu, a short distance from Nairobi.

in Kenya, the latter of which is one of the largest malls in Africa.

These are just a few of the many projects that Plumbing Systems Limited has been involved with over the years. Looking into the future, the company intends to continue on its growth trajectory. “Plumbing Systems Limited hopes to have branches in major cities across the country within the next 10 years”, says Joshua K, an administrator with the firm.

Formwork for Walls, Round and Square Columns, Compaction Equipment & Concrete Bucket

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Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR




General Building & Civil Contractors

Brookside Drive, Westlands P.O. Box 39436-00623 Nairobi Tel: 0711 549 242, 0786 549242 Email:

We are proud to be associated with


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018

Grundfos Kenya Ltd is proud to be associated with Plumbing Systems Ltd

Grundfos Kenya LTD Funzi Road, Industrial Nairobi, Kenya Area

Phone (+254) 709 048000 8000

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR



Containerized bitumen storage

Positive prospects for containerized bitumen storage

the demand for bitumen and asphalt from

sharp population growth in urban centres

the infrastructure sector in Sub-Saharan

has led to increase in traffic levels,

Africa will rise in the coming years. This

speeding wear and tear of existing road

is based on the trajectory of economic

networks. Besides, there is need to extend

developments, which are highlighted

road networks to reach other areas to

in a bitumen market review and during

facilitate economic integration.







Indeed, considering the aforementioned

here are strong indications of rise in the

factors, it will be imperative for countries

demand for containerized bitumen storage


equipment, as road construction projects in





roads and highways. In addition, a

imported, exported and distributed across

2017World Bank Report says that, if

is considered as the most convenient alternative to time-

the continent are going to increase, as

African countries aim to realize their

consuming ‘conventional’ bitumen handling solutions,

underlined in the publication, Downstream

respective economic potential, reliable

given the escalation in project implementation costs.

Insight July 2016: Sub-Saharan African

infrastructure is key.

Saharan African market. There are strong indications that



to develop strong infrastructure, mainly

Southern Africa ramp up. Containerized bitumen storage

for suppliers of bitumen handling equipment to the Sub-


economic goods

Recent trends paint a generally refreshing business outlook


Bitumen Market Developments. For certain, various greenfield and Secondly, commentators at the Argus

brownfield road construction projects

Roads 2017 highlighted two trends. A

that countries in Sub-Saharan Africa will

CR | January 2018

embark on will need a steady supply of bitumen.

On the significance of bitumen handling, Travis





So, effective bitumen storage, transportation

stresses: “One of most used binding products in

consuming “conventional” bitumen storage

and heating is going to be central to the success

the asphalt market, bitumen is a bi-product of

methods cannot just suffice. And the best

of road construction projects. Construction

petroleum. With bitumen being a product that

option is containerized bitumen storage which

companies will have to involve specialists in

can only be used when heated to a temperature

offers more advantages in rugged African

these areas if they are to deliver projects to the

of 150 degrees, storing, transporting and

market conditions, more especially, heating to

client’s requirements.

heating this product is a specialized system.”

client specifications, ease of maintenance, easy to transport to construction site.

The importance of effective bitumen handling

Considering that bitumen is used in roads, which are a vital asset in a country’s economy,

All in all, in consideration of the rise in project

Speaking to Construction Review, TravisFreel,

careful handling is paramount. And the right

implementation costs, Containerized bitumen



quantity and quantity has to be available on site

storage is the most convenient alternative

underlines the significance of appropriate

on time to avoid inconveniencing contractors

to time-consuming ‘conventional’ bitumen

heating, storage and handling of bitumen. With

who often operate under tight deadlines set by

handling solutions. It insures that the right

a group experience of over 40 years, based in

clients. For this reason, bitumen handling that

quantity and quality of bitumen is delivered to a

Brakpan, Johannesburg, Kenzam Equipment

can help reduce project costs has to be utilised.

construction site as and when required, as road




has been supplying and constantly, changing its containerized bitumen storage design to cope with new market needs. Kenzam Hpfc advert.pdf 1 11/20/2017 3:07:57 PM

construction projects ramp up.

Containerized Bitumen Storage handiness Under













K January 2018 | CR



Lifestyle Heights including convenient stores, restaurants, and management offices and meeting rooms. There is also a very well landscaped jogging track and pocket of spaces and playgrounds for kids. Moreover, there is also a skating rink above the commercial space which shall be opened occasionally for the kids; the layout and design for the skating rink is well articulated to consider safety standards. The development salient features include; club-house, leisure pool, tennis and basketball court. These are carefully planned to allow maximum recreation and contact among the community The entrance experience to the development

A paragon of residential development


will be quite phenomenon. 24 hour manned access and security controlled gate house which is designed to allow for a first class experience with a lovely encounter with bubbling water features and ponds.

ifestyle Heights is a unique signature

Phase 1 has 450 units, a combination of 162



two bedroom units and 18 three bedroom with

According to Arch. Bob Oyugi, the project

middle class income earners by

SQ units and the rest are for the three bedroom

architect, the experience one will get from


the development is not just about the


Sycum solutions. The project which is located

planned utilities but also about the associated

in Ruiru at Tatu city is a gated community housing divided into 3 phases, each phase

The layouts

neighborhood concept. “Lifestyle Heights is

sitting on 10 acres of land. The development

The development has a well laid out master-

designed to allow sharing of common utilities

is based on three different typologies which

plan, with landscaped gardens.Also included

while maintaining aspects of privacy through

include: a three bedroom family unit plus a

are lawn fountains and other water features

unique concepts of circulation,� he adds.

detachable SQ which is 150 square metres,

meant to give the scheme a cooling effect

a standard two bedroom unit which is 100

in addition to enhancing the beauty of the

The Interior design

square metres and a standard 3 bedroom unit

entire scheme. It has a common commercial

The units will have spacious lounge and

without Dsq which is 130 square metres.


dining area with a balcony with flexible design





CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018


allowing the kitchens to be either closed

With regards to parking, the development is

2 number boreholes and underground water

or american according to the clients liking.

designed to allow easy access and reach to

tanks that are able to serve the entire population

There will also be Panoramic lifts, laminate

the different units. The three bedroom units

in the scheme to LED lighting and other

floor finish to living areas with ceramic tiles

have been allocated 2 parking slots and two

SMART technologies. We are also looking

to bathrooms and other wet areas. All units

bedroom units 1 parking slot. All the major

at harvesting rain water for landscaping,” he

will have fire detectors, alarms, extinguishers

drive-ways are two-way for ease of movement

says. “Additionally, the orientation of the units

and proper signage. Single loaded corridor

and convenience. The development has well-

takes into consideration the solar path, this

with 1.5 m wide staircase will ensure easy

articulated circulation paths to ensure that one

ensures not much is invested in mitigating the

movement and access.

does not get lost within the scheme with clear

solar heat gain/loss,” adds Mr. Oyugi.

markings and signage. Moreover, landscaping The planning and distribution of the different

will be done along all the drives and walkways


unit typologies is carefully done to capture

to give the development a natural and green

Security matters have also been well articulated

aspects of cost in terms of investment versus


in the design. The main entrance will have

return. This has resulted in probable balance

CCTV cameras that captures the entire streets.

between the 2 and 3 bedroomed units.

Green design

There will also be CCTV cameras within the

Driving and parking in the scheme

Everyone is talking; sustainability. “We are

common areas of individual blocks which

looking at solar lighting and water heating,

will be monitored by a well-coordinated

Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 | CR


security team. In addition, there will also be controlled surveillance in the commercial and recreation areas which reduces the number of guards walking around.

Back-up power The development will have two standby generators that are able to serve the common areas in case of power outages. The generators will be high tech with controlled emissions. Arch. Oyugi reckons that, if all goes well they expect to have their first show house in November 2017 and eventually finish the entire scheme in the next two years. He further recapitulates that, whether the developers chooses to develop more three or two bedroom units, the design is flexible and well-articulated to ensure that the buyer will always feel at home.


CR | Dec 2017 - Jan 2018


Construction Review Africa  
Construction Review Africa  

CR Dec 2017 - Jan 2018 Issue Vol 29 No.1 Africa's leading building and construction industry journal featuring news, views and construction...