Page 1


IssuE 17


ave you got a message from your loved one? Sl.·c the \ ·akntincs




17, 1993



Waterfront update By Steve Howard

get on with my academic work, but I would defmitely consider another Executive job in the future." Richard Hewison, Communications Officer, told Concrete that he was sad to see Liz go, "I wish her well and appreciate her reasons for going. It's a shame that Liz felt that she had to resign, but it's a crap job in my opinion. I don't believe that the post of Publicity Officer works in the way it should." Jim Hickman, in contrast, has left UEA altogether, having taking up a place at Birmingham School of Drama. Richard Hewison commented that," I will missJim very much indeed;

Student Union trading company managers and Union officers last week visited closed city venue the Waterfront, at the invitation ofthe city council, as part of their possible plan to operate the venue. Meanwhile the previous operators, 'The Waterfront Trading Company' has now been wound up officially by the government appointed receivers KPMG Peat Marwick. An official report on the venues closure is still to be completed, and is understood to be several weeks away. Next week however, the assets of the company will be sold off at auction. These arc believed to be little more than some lighting and office equipment, certainly not anywhere near the Waterfront Trading Company's debt, now believed to be more than the £360,000 originally estimated. Meanwhile, a large number of groups, both local and national, have approached the city council with a view to operating or buying the venue. Parties others than the Student Union known to be interested include the 'Waterfront Staff Group', headed by ex-Waterfront publicity manager Simon Del( whose brother Jason was one of the executive directors who resigned when it was revealed that incorrect information concerning finances was presented to other directors and to the council. Local opinion, as expressed in local papers, has appeared to be mainly against the venue, suggesting that money should have been spent elsewhere "such as the elderly, the disabled", with one Evening News correspondent "interested in the question of payments to fringe organisations". The whole matter is now being enthusiastically referred to as 'Sillcttgatc', withcallsbeingmadc for Labour City Council leader Janet Sillctt to resign. Along with other Labour council members, Ms Sillctt has been keen to point out that the money spent on the venue represents a subsidy ofless "per user" than other council leisure facilities such as the St. Augustincs swimming pool or the Duke Street recreation ~ntrc . Furthermore the vast majority of the money spent on the project

Turn to Page 2, Col. 1

Turn to Page 3, Col. 2

• •••

... and Environment Week 'could have been better' IBy Craig Eason

UEA STUDENTS have branded last weeks Rag Week and Environmental Week events a failure, with many claiming that they didn't even know that anything was going on.

Rag week has in previous years raiscdasmuchas£2,000withcvents including' gunging' ofstudents, discos and Valentine roses. The Rag Bal~ scheduled to take place last Saturday at Hotel Norwich, was cancelled at the last minute after less than a third of the one hundred tickets available were sold. The Blind Date competition at Peppermint Park: was also cancelled

through lack: of interest, as was a "milk tray man" gag which attracted only one participant. The annual Rag magazine has also been cancelled. The main problem appears to have been a lack ofpublicity for any of the events, despite Rag having paid secretarial support this year in the form of a 'Rag/ Student Community Action' officer. Unlike previous years there were no leaflets or posters distributed to residences or schools ofstudy. Concrete was only told about the events after our last issue had gone to press. Publicity for the week was limited to posters

on the Union House doors, a banner hanging from the Rag window and the Ball advertised only from the Union House foyer. Concrete asked Rag about the situation, but many of the organisers were reluctant to say anything specific, but did blame somcofthcir problems on student apathy in general. Kcvin Barn et, Rags Ents Officer, did state "The problem we do have is that Rag posters disappear when they arc put up and we decided that door drops would be ineffective as students just don't read them." Rag will also make a loss on the cancelled Rag Ball, since they still

Turn to page 2, Col. 1

1WO PART time members of the Union Executive resigned last week (Week 5), but the Union have been quick to play these latest setbacks down. Liz Rice, Publicity Officer, announced that she was stepping down at WeekS's UGM, when she presented her resignation letter to the Union Executive. Three days later, LGB Officer Jim Hickman resigned during Week S'sLGBmeeting. Four part-time members of the Executive have resigned so far this year; the latest departures come at a time when the Union are busy organising their Sabbatical Elections. When interviewed just after her resignation, Liz Rice commented, "Ididn'tfmd the position worthwhile but I enjoyed being involved in the Union nevertheless. But most of my time has been spent on the computer, which is not what I'm suited to. I was just a dogsbody really." She added that, "I have enjoyed it though; it was more fim than 'The Brady Bunch' lll!.d I didn't score on the Exec Snog Board which I'm proud of. I'm leaving on good terms just to

.. .



Concrete , Wednesday, February 17, 1993

RAG flop ... Cont. from Page 1 have to pay for the cancelled disco, entertainments and transport they had laid on. The cost is likely to be in excess of £100. Kevin also stated that this year's membersh ip is much lower than ever before and the 310 members are never seen in the Rag office. Mostoftheactivities from last year's Rag Week were banned, including 'pintogram' (alcohol deliveries to you whilst in a lecture) and the 'gunksquad' (muggings involving foul liquids) ;they may have been popular wi th the students but were not with the University. Since the appointment of the ' Rag/ SCA officer' Rag have once again had office support from a staff member. This staff appointment is jointly funded by the Student Union. and from the funds Rag raises for charity. The Union pays around £I 000, and about £3000 is taken from funds raised for charity to pay for the officer. Another traditional source of income, street collecting, has also been hit by the recent Chari ty Bill whi ch has restricted ' tin shaking ' trips in Norwich solely fo r Rag to one Saturday per year. The Environme nt Awareness Week, organised by the Union itself through International Officer Jacqui Mackay, was also deemed un successful. St udents Concrete spoke to

Resignation Cont. from Page 1 he made a great start as LGB Officer and left a solid foundation for his successor to build on."

said they were unaware it was happening. Though the Environment Awareness Week was well attended by students who have been active in the fie lds represented in the stalls in U.H. Iast Friday, it was evident that support could have been stronger if publicity to students in ~,;eneral had been better. Jacqui said she was pleased with the response but admitted that the support could have been better if it had been properly advertised. In this case part of the problem may have lay with the Union's current lack ofa Publ icity Officer, after the previous officer, Liz Rice. resigned at the start of the week, due to 'pressure of academic work'. Richard Hewison, Union Communications Officer, had "no time" to help out in her absence. One of th e events planned was the dumping of rubbish in The Square to illustrate the volume of rubb ish produced at UEA in one day . The event was called off at short notice after the University advised against it. A number of other Union promoted 'awareness weeks' a re planned for later th is term. Also, starting in this issue of Concrete, there is a 'Union Events Listing' detai lin g stude nt uni on events, included in the paper as part of the deal between Concrete and the Student Union.

• Letter from RAG on Page 27

Richard was also keen to dispel ideas of Executive instability, " It must be borne in mind what a huge commitment being a part-time member of the Executive is. I reject the notion that the executive is falling apart ."




Union. Even.1:s Your guide to the next f ew days Tuesday 16th February (Week 6) Cross campus Ballot - vote for what you believe the National Union of Students should be discussing at the next Conference in April. 11.00- 17.30. Bi ll Wilson Room. DEBATE : Are closer links with the rest of Europe the only way forward or a threat to all we hold dear? I pm, Conference Room C lubs & Socs: Animal Rights: 12pm room 1.33 Amnesty: I pm room 1.33 Yoga : 4.30 pm room 1.33 Environmental Action : 6 pm room 1.33 Travel & Exploration: 7 pm room 1.33

Wednesday 17th February (Week 6) Executive Committee The weekly meeting of the Union Executive -very interesting! -everyone sad enough welcome to sit in. 2pm, Conference Room. Student's Forum: The chance to debate all issues of concern to students and to lynch hold accmmtable the execut ive. Every student welcome 6pm Room 1.28 Clubs & Societies Socialist Workers Student : I pm room 1.33 Drama: 2.30 pm Room 1.33 Country Dancing: 6.30 pm LCR Travel & Expedition: 7pm room 1.33 Games: 7pm room 1.31 Morris Dancing: 8pm LCR Thursday 18th February •EJections• Anti-Racism Officer election : I pm, Bi ll Wi lson Room NUS Conference Delegates : ominations Open HHC Committee: ominations Open Sabbatical Elections : Campaigning to start at 5pm UNION GENERAL MEETING : Agenda for next Tuesday closes at midday : if you want anything discussed you must notify the Communications Officer by then. Anti - Racism Campaign relaunch meeting at I pm, Bill Wilson Room. Anyone interested in fighting racism welcome. Anyone who defines themselves as personally affected by racism is eligible to stand I vote for the new Anti-Racism Officer. Clubs & Societies Labour Students: I pm conference room Buddhists: 5.30 pm room 1.33 Ballroom Dancing: 6.30 pm LCR Nightline: 7.30 pm Bill Wilson Room


p a ne

Cl) £ 1 ad m ssio n [ 1 5 0 w i t h the freedom 0 f I n d d a n c e n 0 d r e s s


Games: 7.30 pm room 1.31 Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual: 8 pm room 1.33 Friday 19th February • Student Parents Day • - look out for separate flyer for publicity (probably lying on a table in the Hive!) Clubs & Societies Livewire: 2 pm, conference room Chess: 6 pm, room 1.33 Games: 7 pm, room 1.31 Saturday 20th February Clubs & Societies Drama : 11 am, room 1.28 Tai Kwan Do: 4 pm, room 1.33 Sunday 21st February lntemational Club Meet people from all over the world in friendly swToundings, chat and dance . LabourCiub,Bcthel Street 7.30 pm. This week will hopefully fea ture an ethiopian cultural event Clubs & Societies Morris Dancing: 9 am, LCR Nightline: 9.30 am, rooms 1.28, 1.3 1, 1.33 Games: 11.30 am, Conference Room Anti-Blood Sports: 2 pm, Bill Wilson Room Monday 22nd February •SABBATICAL ELECTION HUSTINGS • hear what all the candidates have to say for themselves and ask them those really awkward questions. 6.30 pm in the Steve Biko Room (not the LCR as otherwise advertised) Clubs & Soc ieties Contempory Dance: 5 pm, room 1.28 Star Trek: 7 pm, room 1.3 1 Alternative music: 8 pm, room 1.28 Li terary: 8 pm, room 1.33 Tuesday 23rd February ' UNION GENERAL MEETING• 7.30 PM, LCR. The return of the popular favourite incl uding all the di rt on the executive and probably a game of bingo, a food festival & some transparent promotional gimmick involving free alcohol. Clubs & Societies Drama meeting: I pm, room 1.28 Drama teaching: 2 pm, LCR Yoga : 5 pm, room 1.28

Environmental Action: 6 pm, room 1.33

Continued on page 25

This week we investigate tea-time listening on Livewire 945... It's late afternoon; you've just walked the few hundred metres home to your billllble university des res. All you want to do is sling the cares of a stressful day's lecturing behind you, sink a can of Baked Beans and decide the best way to get plastered that evening. And what could be better to wind down to than a load of good music and irreverent chat? Between four and six every weekday evening, a specially selected, hand-picked team of presenters are on hand to give you just that! On Mondays you're in the wann, soft hands ofNicola McDonald as she caresses you into the evening with a mellow blend of music, both old and new whilst on Tuesdays the thrusting and dynamic Mark Edlin takes over the airwaves for two hours of great chart music and the best of the rest. Defmitely not tluusting or dynamic is MC Fluffy Lurch, with you on a Wednesday with a mixture of chart, dance and new releases, sprinkled with the sort of FlufiY badinage and witty repartee you can expect from the creator of"House ofFear". On Thursdays, it's Peter Hart with his "More News Teatime Show'' designed to keep you up-to-date on the very latest national and international news, as well as focusing on what's happening in the city and on campus. This is intenningled with a great mix of music from RolfHarris to Adorable, Take That to Suede. "Thank God It's Friday'' is the cry that fills the airwaves on Fridays, as Bernard ' Vertically-Unchallenged' Alien takes a retrospective look at the week's more amusing news stories and looks forward to the..happenings of the week ahead. With the Aof Dross, How Utterly Bizarre, and the exciting What's the Word? competition - it' s essential listening to wrap up your week on Livewire 945. And lastly, as a bonus, it's competition time now too at Livewire- tune in to Jo Rowe's show on Friday at 10-12am, and you could win a ticket to see "Little Shop of Horrors", on Saturday or Sunday week 7, absolutely free! All you have to do is answer this simple question: What is the connection between the film "Honey I Shrunk Kids" and "Little Shop of Horrors"? Answers on a postcard please, to be popped in the folder on the Livewire office door (upstairs, illi) and tune in on Friday to fmd out if you've won!


Union meeting flop

Money well spent?

By Niall Hampton and Matthew Broersma

l'HE BILL Wilson room has been redecorated costing the

DESPITE continued Union efforts to encourage more representative attendances at Union General Meetings (UGMs), only 86 students attended the one held in Week 5. Prior to the start of the meeting, Liz Rice, Union Publicity Officer, submitted her resignation to the Executive. In the second inquorate meeting of this term, no voting was possible so those attending proceeded somewhat reticently to discUS& the motions tabled. Only questions to the Executive, the continuing saga of rent action and a lively motion from the Cannabis Awareness Society provided any real interest, save for a RAG gnome taunting the Executive. In keeping with the spirit of the meeting, several members of the Executive chose to sit on the floor and, in a welcome role

Amnesty Awareness eek Amanda Creswe/1 Ttte Amnesty Society is hold-

u,g an Awareness Week at the moment. The committee has organised a number of events held daily. These include locking members of the Executive in a cage at the Union House every lunchtime, and having two lunchtime speakers. Stalls will be put up every day this week in the UH from 12-2 pm. These will provide the opportunity to collect information, sign petitions and write letters to promote urgent actions for the release of prisoners of conscience.

change, heckle. Not even the ubiquitous m or the cultural food stall turned up to alleviate the rather insipid atmosphere. Just before the close of proceedings, Richard Hewison, Communications Officer, claimed that publicity for the meetings had been "crap." When questioned subsequently, he said off the record that, "I'm not chuffed by the turnout but it's inevitable considering the publicity. Once a new Publicity Officer is appointed, then hopefully these meetings will be better attended." Since axeing the overwhelmingly popular Happy Hour that enabled all meetings last term to be quorate, attendance levels have plummeted. Yet Richard Hewison seems reluctant to ac-

ceptthatthe Union'snewstrategies to encourage better and more representative attendance have failed. "It would have been nice to have been quorate, but if lOO students want to be there for the right reasons instead of getting drunk and shouting then that's fme by me. Those who were there made intense questionstotheExecutive,andmost issues got discussed", he said. So why are students at the University ofExtreme Apathy so reluctant to attend their UGMs? Concrete asked some of those attending why they had bothered to come. "I've never been before but I didn't know that the football was on in the Hive, so I'll see you later", said Tobias (EAS VIS). Laura (EURl) corn-

Cont from Page 1 was on the venue itself; which is of course still standing and perfectly usable. Janet Sillett said "Businesses, organisations and individuals are falling over themselves to get bold of the building for leisure use. It is an asset to the city and wilL I am sure, reopen in the near future" .

Local musicians are particularly affected by the closure ofthe venue, which now leaves only the Norwich Arts Centre for performances of any real size. Anumberoflocal bands, beaded by Steerpike, and including Colorform and Mean Things, have organised a gig at NAC to raise awareness and attract support. "The gig will show what is now

No extra charge after 0idnight

it's 1993 series. 1£ intereSted in TV's toughest quit. write to 1he Ktypton Factor, Granada TV, Manchester M60 9EA.

gasm, the only othetfuctrevcaled

was that she had .a first class degree. However. the link 1»tween thotwo unclear. • W'llfl tlumb to 7Jtu#' at


A student at Warwick University has been asked to vacate his hall-of-residence room for breaking the rules about keeping pets. He o'Ml.ed a goldfish.

or 619289 or 619280


Guide'' featured a woman who said sh.e had never had an or·

Fished out!



Television's "The Good Sex

Concrete understands however that the council is keen to keep live music a major part of the Waterfront's operation. The Student Union would be ideal in this respect. They have a long track record and specialist staff in the areas of live music, entertainment and bar management. The council may still go for an easily justified ' safe option' of a ' real world ' outside operator, seen more easily to be a commercial business.



The J4ypton Factor is looiq!!:S

First degree

missing", said spokesman Nick Stone of Steerpike. The gig will take place on Monday February22nd with tickets costing £3 . The venue is unlikely to ~pen for some time, as the necessary legal procedures have to be completed, and the council is obviously keen to choose the right tenant for the building a second time around.

more serious comments made. '1'm interested in the day to day running of the Union and to see what it stands for and to see what decisions they make" said one student. This was echoed by another, "I want to see what it's like; I've never been before." The most enlightening commentwasmadebyastudentwho wished, understandably perhaps, to preserve his anonymity, ;'I'm here especially tonight for the Conservative Society. I believe this meeting should be unbiased"

A spokesperson for the University's maintenance service !:xplained that the money had ~me from an allocated sum ~f .£20,000 to be spent on nion House, the sum had decided in 1988/9. £2,700 is 13.5% of the Unon House budget, however, e spokesperson explained t the money paid for new ooring and it's preparation, · t, tiles; he justified the ~ew seating as necessary to frre regulations. According to the spokesrson, the ceiling was done y maintenance, and the rest the labour was done by the udent Union themselves. tiowever, other sources reveal Utat a first year was paid to do lhe painting. One student commented, '1 think it's a disgusting waste of money, in such a time of $tudent hardship".

Sumo success


for men and women '"

mented that, "It's the best free entertainment on campus", whilst Ben (DEVI) said, "It's great to witness pretentious pretend politicians." "It's a moral duty- I believe in Unions but thisone'sa bitshit so I need to sort it out" added John (SOC2). When asked why he was attending, one member of the Floor said, "I don't know. I'm not a member of the University; I just came to meet a bloke for a drink." However, there were some

Waterfront update

soctety, idea is to spread awareness on all aspects of Amnesty's work." It is hoped that money will be raised during the week. The LCR on Thursday will have an Amnesty slant and money will be collected afterwards. Any further volunteers are welcomed to help make the Week a success.


University £2,700, writes Joanna Stubbington.

Bouncy boxers pull the crowds AN INFLATABLE boxing ring and rubber sumo-suits made last Tuesday's 'Live in the Hive' event, one of the most successful yet. Students turned up in their hundreds to see their friends battle it out in either Kenny Everett style boxing gloves or costumes imitating the bulk of the famous Japanese wrestlers.


UEA to anywhere Within the inner ring road : £3






UEA to Thorpe rail station£ 3.50


Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993

Graduate unemployment UEA saves the day! Niall Hampton • • rising ... A UNIQUE collaboration between UEA and The Sunday Times has fmally succeeded in contacting Professor Mario Susko in the former Yugoslavia. Professor Susko, who once worked at the British Centre for Literary Translation (BCTL) here at UEA, has been living in complete terror inDobrinja since leaving Norwich. UEA have invited Professor Susko and his family to live on campus, and The Sunday Times have generously offered to pay the air fare from Yugoslavia to England. However, the Susko family

Graduate unemployment has risen for the fourth year in succession at the University of London -Britain's largest university, writes Georgina King. Last February, 9.5 per cent of the University of London's graduates were without jobs six months after graduation. Now the figure has reached 11 per cent and is still climbing. Figures for London represent one-fifth of the old university sector,and usually deviates from the national figure by less than I per cent. A combination of high unemployment due to the recession, and a 30 per cent rise in the numbers in Higher Education between 1989 and 1994, is blamed for the increase. Nick, MTH Ill, expresses the fears felt by students across the country:- 'I'm worried that the only job I'll be able to fmd, will be as a shelf-filler m a supermarket.lwon' tneedadegreeto do that! '. One Graduate still living in Norwich explained the prob!ems, "Firstly, you need expe-

Little hope at the Careers Centre rience to get a job, so unless you worked while at UEA, you won'thave a track record. With the recession, firms don't want tohiregraduateswhoneedtrainmg". "The problem with universities, is that they need more vocational training, or placement in Industries during the course". "Four of my friends graduated last year, and have been living on under £20 a week and are forced to claim benefits from the state. "The problem, is being a student and having not been employed before, you don ' t have enoughNa tionalln ~ura nce con-

tributions, so you are only entitied to Income Support, the minimum support". Another problem for PGCE graduates, is that jobs simply are not available for them, despite Government incentives for students to take up the PGCE scheme. A Graduate from Essex University, lrnran Sheikh, made over !50 applications, and from that list he got two interviews. In order to get a job, he took an MA in Accountancy, and now has an accountancy job, but has had to start from the bottom. The national figures forgraduateunemploymentwill be released in May.




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By Craig Eason A CAMPUS television station is about to start transmitting at UEA. The station, called NEXUS UTV is preparing for its frrst transmission on Thursday week 6 with a magazine style progranune of interviews, student views and news, called

By Olivia Stuart-Liberty council grants," Mrs Sillet said, "Norwich Arts Centre and Cinema City will suffer," she added. Inunediate results of the cutsaccording to Mrs Sillett- will be the closure of Lakenham Swimming Pool and the closure of Earlham Park Plant Nursery. "The Government have refused to recognise the actual level of need in the City, and the right of local people to decide how much of their money their council should spend. " Sill et said, adding "What is the point of having County Councils, if their powers have been taken away?"

Petition handed to MP

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Norwich City Council must make £8.25 million cuts in its budget over the next two years, "a third of the net budget", said Janet Sillet, leaderoftheCityCouncil. "We have tried to protect services which directly affect the public," Mrs Sillet said, "parks and roundabouts will suffer, we won ' t see as many flowers. " Many voluntary organisations, support and advice services currently receiving a grant from the council may face closure according to Mrs Sillet, who cited the Black Women' s Group as vulnerable. "Nearly all art centres in the city depend to some extent on




face certain bureaucratic tangles in their attempt to leave Dobrinja; a dictate from Zagreb is making it very hard for any men to leave the country, so it would appear tl1at obtaining a British Visa is the least of their worries. Although UEA have invited Professor Susko back to Norwich, a job at the University is proving rather elusive. A spokeswoman for the BCTL said that, "He definitely wants to come back, but there is no job for him at UEA for the present time. "

Council faces cuts




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The petition signed by students on the day the Student Union closed was handed to John Garret! the local Labour M.P. on Friday last week by Richard Hewison. The petition, called for government support on the importance of higher education and funding for students, the recognition ofthe value of the Student Unions and to ensure the University Staff are adequately paid according to agreements last year. John Garret! readily accepted the petition, "It is a campaign I have been fightingfortwentyyears, which no Conservative government has felt confident enough to do." he said "I shall ensure the Ed ucation Secretary gets thi s with a covering letter from mysel f; assurin g my strong support, and I will fo llow up with an answer in a week or two" Richa rd Hewi son commented 'The N .U. S. has become very unclear of the governments proposals, following a leak earlier last week which hinted at fund ing only the non political core of the Student Union, and excluding such groups as Rag and the student community action , which are considered politi-

'Under the Library' . Nexus UTV, run by PresiAnnie Hillier, is the reofthe old Nexus that was a few years ago when it from the emergence of It' s reputation was widespread and it was popular on the campus. The new Nexus is to transmit in the Hive Thursday at I pm for the rest of this tenn, and looks like being u"~""'~''w• if the eagerness of students running it is anyto go by. Entertainments, sports, camnews and current issues as as a Vox Pop, where any will be able to air an IVU'ililvu. are plarmed. Included this will be special features fillers on societies and their and other things that students get up to when their studying. When it gets the support it to transmit daily, and as good as it was before. Students at UEAnow •~,n;.r,,..

Passing Finals FINALS ARE begi nning to circle overhead, like vultures waiting to dive in for the kill .... You're workload is so heavy that you don't even have time to watch 'Richard and Judy' anymore ... and you've got as much chance of getting a job after graduation, as Accrington Stanley have of winning the F.A. Cup .. But, what the hell? You've been here for three years, you may as well try to get a decent degree. In 1990, I 0 .3 per cent of male and6.3 per cent offemale graduates attained a fi rst-class honours degree, and although thi s is not easy, it does not necessarily involve a nose-to-thf>-grindstone attitude from day one of prelims, when lack of sunlight leaves you with sunken eyes a nd a complexion to rival Vlad the Lad 's himself. On the other hand, propping up the bar until two weeks before finals, and then slaving away for 26

By Georgina King hours a day in a mad dash for the finish line, won't boost your chances either. Brace yourselves for some more bad news ... sitting in the li brary, gazing in the vague direction of a closed book. hoping that information will seep unnoticed into your brain, j ust beca use yo u ' re surrounded by the works ofclever people, won ' t help. Discipline is the most important attribute of a first class achiever. Surveys have shown that concentrated and effective study can be restricted to four or fi ve hours a day. If this leaves you breaking out in cold sweats, the trick according to one disorganised first-class graduate, is that: " It really is never too late to begin working. Just waste as little time as possible being paralysed by fear. "

Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


Lecturers to admit Shortage of dentists to student sex By

Report by Amanda Cresswell

Si m on Lau

Plans are currently being discussed by the Association of Univenity Teachen to force lecturen to state if they are involved in any sexual relationships with students. Bradford University members of the AliT have put forward suggestions of lecturers having to reveal any affairs with students, or otherwise being confronted with severe disapproval from heads of departments. Bradford members are strongly opposed to lecturer-student relationships and go even further by proposing legislation prohibiting their staff from having any affairs with students.

This will be enforceable within the next five years. Those who oppose the idea see it as an invasion of privacy. The AliT however are aware of how sensitive the matter is and understand the problems involved in regulating such an issue. Several lecturers at UEA are rather apprehensive of the matter. Most ofthose questioned felt that lecturer-student relationships were inadvisable mainly because they considered them unprofessional and because of the problems they caused concerning power relations between student and lecturer.

Mike Carr, of EUR pointed out that "a married couple are notallowedtoteachoneanother, so in the same way a lecturer shouldn't teach his partner." Dr Cherry, ofSOC also voiced his concern by saying "there is a danger in assessing students because favouritism would exist." Some lecturers also referred to Malcom Bradbury's novel "The History Man." Set in a fictitious university the central character is a radical, left-wing tutor of a promiscuous nature with female students. But as Mike Carr concluded, "Most of us are too old for that kind of thing anyway!"

Easter Hols - Travel If you'd like to head somewhere warm or cheap for the Easter holidays, the Travel Shop has several reduced-rate charter flights that might be just what you're looking for.

Prague, Athens and Madrid .Are among the destinations to ose from; most flights leave -·• the April 7 or April 8, and prices begin at £59 return. Travel Shop manager Helen Rowsell warns that seats should

By Matt Broersma

go fast. "Travel shops all over the country are selling tickets, and they're available to anyone, not just students and young people, so they'll fill up quite quickly. We've sold quite a few already." The flightto Prague from April 8to 12costs£149;Athens,April 8 to 19, costs £139; while Salonika, on the same dates costs

DISCONTENT has magnified over lack of facilities at UEA'S dental surgery. Last year the surgery was threatened with closure, while this year it is in desperate need of a staff increase.

£177. Trips to Spain are generally cheaper, with four days in Madrid starting at £69 and other destinations from £59. The prices ofthe special flights, which are offered through Student Air Charters, include return travel between Gatwick and the destination indicated, in-flight catering and all airport taxes except those of Greece. More information is available in the Travel Shop.

UEA currently employs only 2 part-time dental surgeons and 2 dental nurses working only 25 hours a week in total. An average of 45-50 patients who are not yet registered at the surgery are turned away every weeksimplythroughlackofstaff. These often include unregistered patients with toothache or broken teeth who are in urgent need of attention. Such patients are advised to use facilities elsewhere in Norwich where the number ofNHS dentists is rapidly diminishing. Dental Receptionist, Rona Evans, claimed that one full-time dentist would have two and a

half to three thousand patients to look after. Instead UEA has 4000 patientsregisteredincludingstaff and their families. Mrs Evans said that "with the increasing number of students in recent years and years to come, the staff simply cannot cope." Several proposals over the last I 0 years have been put forward to pressurise the bringing in of a full time NHS dentist. There is

already one dentist in mind. The cost of this will be covered by the Government and excess funds could be channelled into modernizing the surgeries' equipment which is already 19 years old. Under such a proposal the increased demand would be met where it is most needed. The demand is clearly present at the University but so far has been left unsatisfied.


New cycle plan for footpath Cyclists will soon be sharing the pavement with pedestrians along the Avenues between Bluebell Road and Colman Road. The cyclists will have their own red lane and will be sepa-

Report by Catherine Ross rated from pedestrians by a thick white line. Alternative motions had been considered by councillors; these included a cycle track along the

road. Public opinion however favoured the footpath, with twothirds of the people interviewed in a recent swvey choosing this option. Future ideas include having a signalled cycle and pedestrian crossing in Bluebell Road.



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Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993

Flushed out! By Staff Reporter REPORTS that building materials have been going missi ng from the new student residences have come to our attention. A source piped up and said that toilets and toilet seats have been liberated from several corridors in the Constable Terrace site near the Sainsbury Centre. Yet these rumours have been poopoohed by the contractors, Carters ofNorwich. When asked about the possibility of peopie bowling off the site with toilets under their arms, a deadpan foreman told Concrete that,

"I hardly think so; the toilets come in pre-fab pods that weigh threequarters of a ton each." So it appears that .there are no culprits to flush out and chain up. "There's nothing going missing from here; you must be round the Ubend", said the site foreman. So it all appears to be a cock-andball story, and not very deep-seated. Yet the University are keen to emphasise that such an incident would not bog them down, or be a drain on their resources.

Strictly projection-room? BySimon Lau FILM goers attending Thursday's screeni ng of 'S trictl y Ballroom ' were treated with an added extra to the usual Union Ents fi lm showing. As an appetiser to the main event, the audience were given a short, but entertaining performance in ballroom dancing by members oflJEA' s own ballroom dancing society, SALADS. Originally approached by the Union Ents, the society's committee saw it as a good opportunity to interest those who have not al ready tried the dance floor, apart from at the usual discos. Or as one of the participants, Laura Knight, puts it, " It 's just a quick d emonstrat io n of what SALADS is all about. We're just showing people don ' t know what is involved in ballroom dancing". To the opening sound of ' Rock around th clock', four couples took to the stage to perfom1 the Jive. This

. . ..




Next came the Rumba, "the dance oflove", accompanied by the slow, lush sound of' Baker Street'. Lastly, it was the Cha Cha Cha which most members of the audience found quite amusing, probably due to the couple'sfacial expressions and their somewhat suggestive movements. When finished , the performers took one last bow to the sound of ecstatic applause with Assistant Ents Officer, Gavin, adding that others can "wiggle you r hips like that every Sunday in the UH". Judging by the audience's reaction. some mi~tht just do that.

WANTED! Volunteers for talking magazine Do you want to get an opportunity to interview celebrities, writesHwee Hwee Tan. Or to go on free trips, do some reporting and review major events? And to do it for a good cause? And if you ' re not the charitable sort, just to have something that'll look good on your C.V.? If so, then the Student Community Action's latest project is for you. The talking magazine is an entertaining and informative tape sent out to blind or visually-impaired people, and has an established audience of two hundred people. It's predecessors, "Magnet"created by students of a Norfolk secondary school, and "Ebortape" -produced by students from York University, have been highl y sucessful. "It's company. Like having a friend round fo r tea." Mr Michael Todd, a blind recipient of "Ebortape" said . Features of the talking magazine includes competitions, celebrity interviews ("Ebortape" managed to interview comedian Lenny Henry), field trips with the listeners and news. "People like to hear different voices," a student producing"Magnet" said. "Rather than just one person talking all the time." So why not sign up and be one of those different voices? If you ' re interested, contact Julia Dixon orBev Price-Fox at the SCA office (first floor Union House behind the SASSAF sandwich bar) or drop a message in the SCA pigeon hole (also on the first floor of Union House).

How many PC plodding through UK! THE PHENOMENON ofPoBy Niall Hampton times do litical Correctness (PC) is through the univerpolicy on gender-free language, you do it? sweeping sities of the UK, euphemising but as for replacing ' manhole' By Joanna Stubbington ON AVERAGE, students at UEA do it five times a week and some even manage it once a day. Some do it frrst thing in the morning, some last thing at night and EUR students do it more than anyone, sometimes twice a day (but that's probably because they have more free time than anyone else!). Girls take longer to do it than boys but both sexes enjoy it so much that some admitted to doing it together! That's what our research revealed when we asked students just how often they take the plunge and step into a bath or a shower. Our results certainly support statistics which appeared in the national papers that showed that young people are becoming cleaner, taking showers and washing their hair more often that the generation ten years ago.

The Beer facts A survey by a student at Royal Holloway and Bedford New Col· lege has found that beer is associated with fat-bellied men in pubs, while spirits suggest hard drink· ers, alcoholics and depression, and wine implies elegance, weddings, candles and romance.

everything in its path- at least according to media coverage. The latest set of guidelines on PC has been issued by The Open University. In its recently released policy docwnent " An Equal Opportunities Guide to Language and Image", the University sets out its guidelines for its 3000 staff to utilise when communicating with its 120,000 students. The document illustrates the usual content of PC; out goes "taxrnan" and "statesman" in favour of "tax-collector" and " leader or politician" respectively. Gender specific terms receive a rather metaphorical castration; "frreman" and "sportsmanship" are duly stripped of their manhood with the supplanted PC terms "frreperson" and "sportspersonship", while other parts of the document deal with the correct way to refer to disability and age. Other universities have pioneered the introduction of the curious euphemism; a genderfree language policy has operated for 5 years at Cambridge, and Sussex has recently adopted similar measures. However, the Association of University Teachers urge caution when implementing PC rhetoric, " We certainly have a

with ' person-hole', that would be going a bit too far", said a spokeswoman, sorry, spokesperson. Swprisingly, the NUS are seemingly reticent on the issue ofPC, " Wewouldn'twantleaflets on language coming out, not if they were just a token effort. We're not controversial any more, we just want equal opportunities", said an NUS spokesperson. So is PC jargon in the pipeline for UEA? Not according to the telephonist in the Registry, " You want to know if we have guidelines on 'chairperson' and 'spokesman' and all that rubbish? I don't think so." Neither did some of the other Schools within the University; when Concrete enquired about PC guidelines existing within EAS, the Dean's secretary, Val Striker, said that, "There is no official document but those of us who are sensitive to genderfree language obviously follow some aspects of PC." Suprisingly, the political\)' aware school ofSOC were w; ware of any PC practices pi~ ding around, "No general directive has been circulated as far as we know", said a source.


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Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


Bonafide horrors! Georgina King previews the latest show at the LCR A man-eating plant. ... a bubbly blond.... and a psychopathic dentist... .hardly the signs of a typical night-out at UEA, even after a particularly gratuitous LCR. Yet these are the ingredients which Bonafide Productions hope will be a successful mix of humour, music and downright gore, in their new production of the hit musical 'Little Shop Of Horrors', which comes to the LCRonthe27thand28thFebruary. Set in the basement of Mushni.k's Skid Row florist's, it tells the tale of weedy shop-boy Seymour and his love for bubbly-blond shop-girl, Audrey. However, the basement is also home to a strange and unusual plant, a growing, bloodthirsty demon determined to devour mankind .... This, the first production by recently formed company Bonafide Productions, is based on Roger Carman's film version, starring Jack Nicholson. It has far more sinister undertones than ·'-~ more recent incarnation on ( .uloid which featured, among others, Rick Moranis, Ellen Green, John Candy, Bill Murray and a show-stealing performance by Steve Martin as everyone's

One of the most remarkable aspects is the set- which will be one of the most ambitious and costly seen in the LCR to date worst nightmare, a psychopathic dentist who loves inflicting pain. After ten years of successful musicals based on the cult film, DarrenAbrahams, d.irectorofthis latest production, insists it will be as sinister as the original and "won't have a happy ending!". The cast of 'Little Shop Of Horrors' features some familiar faces, such as Jonathan Stokes

and Luke Boulton, fresh from 'Glengarry Glen Ross', as well as students who are new to the stage. The producer, Martin Auckland, believes that "the stereotypical characters have made it easy for students with differing acting experiences to get into their roles". One of the most remarkable aspects of 'Little Shop OfHor-

rors' is the set, which will be one of the most ambitious and costly seen in the LCR to date. After all, building a plant big enough tofitapersoninside, which grows as it devours human flesh, takes more than a piece of string, an empty milk bottle and two sheets of sticky-back plastic -no matter what they may tell you on 'Blue Peter'. The huge task of constructing the plant began in Week Two and is being undertaken by four students from the Norwich School Of Art. Although only the frame has been built, and with only a few weeks to go until the show hits the stage, the organisers aren't in the least bit apprehensive. On the contrary, they seem remarkably calm. This should be a somewhat nerve-wracking time for the founders of Bonafide Productions, Darren Anderson, Martin Aukland and Claire Sanderson. After all, it is their first production, some of the cast are new to acting, and they've used their own money to cover the £1 ,500 costs. However, they insist that everything is running smoothly. "The play is directing itself', explainsequitymember,Darren, who has also directed 'The Mi-

kado' and 'Not Quite Jerusalem' . Producer,MartinAukland, whose previous triumphs include 'Lolita', 'Two-Way Mirror' and, most recently, 'Glengarry Glen Ross', reaffirms that the only difficulties they have encountered have been "the usual ones, such as lighting and sound, which aren't crushing problems". Indeed, this does seem to be a production made in theatre heaven, and Darren believes "the produc-

tion will be as professional as possible, so that the public will get their money's worth. But most importantly, that everyone enjoys it!". The show runs for two nights only, at the LCR, on Saturday 27th and Sunday 28th February, and starts at 8pm. Tickets are £3 .50 in advance, and are available from the Box Office on 505401.

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Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993



The relationship pitfalls of UEA I David

B erridge tak e s a look a t the good, the bad a nd t h e ugly

Any virgins out there? Not, it seems, for lack of trying. From Town Girls are Easy to unofficial league tables on all male corridors, to a hundred versions of the "me and my girlfriend back home have split up" story, a post- Valentine 's Day UEA sees Camille Pag li a's Testosterone Flats ali ve and kicking on University Plain. "Tite fi rst week ofterm," said one first year, " I met this guy and we got along really well. He told me he was splitting up witl1 his girlfriend. We spent the night together. The next morning he ' s avoidmgme. When I confront him, he says "oh, sorry. We' re back togeilier. " lie's done the same thing to at least Utree oUter girls since." Her sense of disillusionment is notlting unusual. "Me and my girlfriends have decided most uni vcrsity relationships are likely to be unfulfil ling" said one. "They' re conducted in such an wmatural atmosphere." She pauses. "And most men haven 't got the faintest idea what having a relationship actually involves." The male retort to iliis is blunt. "1ltey don't know what they want " ays one. Not tllat relationships never get beyond Utc one night stand stage. More students still tell ofproblems regarding those relationships where one person becomes too serious. ft doesn ' t take long for that nice guy in your seminar group to transform into the kind ofall-serious, commitment-seeking obsessive more at home in Hollywood movies of the 'Sleeping With The Enemy' variety than in a small, terraced house just off the Earl ham Road."People get put in pigeonholes," said one. " 1 suppose I was Utc conunitmcnt type . I suppose in some senses I am but I would have guys trying to be serious witlt me, vet at the same time sleeping with someone else."




Every feature of his face was saying Tart, Tart, and I'm thinki ng : who are you to judge me?" For some the strain is too much. Counselling sessions once a week, breakdowns, manic depression and even, in some cases, a year's break from study are all too familiar stories in the UEA love maze.

"Me and my girlfriends have decided most university relationships are likely to be unfulfilling" Is anyone fmding a happy medium? "I am," said one EUR student I spoke to. "We go out a couple of times a week but we do oUter things as well. We still see our friends. It's just right. " I bumped into him several weeks later and asked him how it was going. "We split up" he said. All of which does little to impress those witlwut a relationship at all. "People were saying at the end oflast term that not to have had a relationship was some kind of failure. It underlines what seems to be the greatest male fear ofall which is to leave university and still be a virgin .

How Utey could face the rest of mankind ever again if that happened I really don ' t know," says a iliird year drily. Tims the singlelites, excluded from the crazed, paranoid, obsessed, dick-lead party going on all around them, go for one of several options. Firstly, "I like being single. It offers me an independence you just don' t have in a relationship."

"People were saying at the end of last term that not to have had a relationship was some kind of failure." Secondly, conceding defeat. This generally takes the form of proclamations along the lines of"iliis isn' t the right time in my life to be having a relationship." One American girl I spoke to does not want any kind of relationship before the age of twenty six. Asked what she would do if she had no restrictions, no commitments, nothing to hold her back, she replied "have fourteen kids." She believes there is nothing

. ..., ----------------------BURGER


slightly intrigued by the novel possibilities of a non-sex based relationship - it is the moral righteousness of some that annoys less principled souls.





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unusual in her view. "This is the time of my life for work," she says. "There will be plenty of time for the rest later on." But what of those who opt for neitlter approach?

"We sit in the kitchen, bingeing on junk food and asking: why are there no good men in Norwich?" They resort to viewing, with a mixture of envy and disgust, those at ilie other end of ilie relationship scale; never single for more than forty eight hours and who pass from one relationship to ilie next witl1 only a brief flood of tears and several earlymominghoursofveryloud music to separate the two. " It just sort of happens iliat way," says one, who freely admits to falling into this fmai category and who preswnably manages such a rapid turnover due to the fact that her all leather jacketed, all long black haired, all black jean wearing boyfriends all look so similar that she probably iliinks she 's been going out \vith the same person all along. "I don ' t want to judge or anytlling," says one singlelite of her situation," But what is going on?" 路 It is a question which many are beginning to ask. Fortunately, fortltose few upright indiViduals concerned about falling standards - rest assured. 'llte Chnstian Union arc here to save the day, maintaitling the moral high ground wit11 many ofitsmembersseeminglymaintaining sex as an after marriage option only, and citing this as a prime reason for their own relationship break-ups amidst the amoral degeneracy going on outside of CU meetings. Whilst many are prepared to accept this stance- and are even

"I came out of my room one morning," says one, "and iliis guy, who everyone knows is religious, is just standing Utere with Uus look on his face . I'll never forget it. It was so condenming. Every feature of his face was saying Tart, Tart, and I'm thinking : who are you to judge me?'' At least she had a relationship. Just occasionally the problem is being spoilt for choice. "I met four guys at the beginning of the year and I liked them all" says one iliird year. " I went out with one but I really wanted to go out with one of the others. This other one would be around all the tin1e and it really made iliings difficult. " More usually, however, just how to fmd these obsessed/moral/ amoral (delete as applicable)


types is a bigger question than how to call the whole thing off when you realise that weekly trips to Ute Alternative Music Society disco aren ' t your idea of a dream date. On-corridorreiationships seem to be the fa vourite amongst first years who are thereafter tipped out into private housing to sit around wondering how you actually get to meet that special person. " We sit in the kitchen , bingeing on junk food and asking : why are there no good men in Norwich?" said one. Sharks solve iliis problem by migrating like homing pigeons back to the corridors where they spent ilieir first year, or becoming student advisers. "When I met my student adviser in the first week all I wanted to know was where the medical centre was," says one EAS student. "But he kept on saying, come for a drink, come for a drink. I went and it was awful. It was so obvious that he only did it to try and get offwit11 me . ~ Not that there aren ' t happ~ stories to relate; it' s just tltat for each happy story there seem to be half a dozen disaster-stricken ones. Oilicrs seem firml y rooted in the reality of it all. "There are five thousand people here," said one, "and a fiftyfifty split between tl1e sexes. What do you expect ?"

Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993



''I "W"Ouldn 't let IDY "'ife drink out of a beer glass'' Joanna Stubbington investigates the issue of whether sexism or feminism exists at UEA SEXISM at UEA. Does it exist? This question sparked a varied response from both students and

staff. Most people considered that theUniversitydoesnotdiscriminate in any way, but there were others who felt that sexism against women was a valid 'issue, seeing their role in the faculty as passive before the men who set goals and establish val-

ues. So what exactly is sexism? Often ill-defmed it is simply the act ofdiscrimination on the basis of sex. And feminism? The role of a feminist is, it seems, often asswned to be synonymous with that of a 'right on' radical studentfullof'burnyourbraideals' who often becomes the butt of -. some discrimination herself As one student says, "A lot of

The role of the feminist is synonymous with that of a 'right on' radical student full of 'burn your bra' ideals women wouldn'tcome to a feminist meeting because ofwhat the label means to them", so it is important to abolish these misconceptions from the start. Perhaps the most positive actionagainstsexismatUEAcame last term at the Women's Day. · Thistookplacein Union House - and aimed to highlight women's issues both on campus and in the community as a whole. There were workshops and seminars, and leaflets were delivered to everyone on campus. The 'peaceful debate' which took place asked, "Are all men sexist and the root of women's oppression?" It attributed much of the

"Every woman student who goes into medicine or law is robbing us of a job" problem ofsexism to the attitude of the bourgeoisie who still see the emancipation of women today as a menace to their morality and their interests. Some men seem to dread female competition giving rise to such opinions as "Every woman student who goes into medicine

or law is robbing us of a job." Such masculine arrogance, still very much in evidence in today's society threatens to rob the 'woman question' of its importance, hence trivialising and making a mockery of it. One male student interviewed feltthatwomenwholaytheblame at the feet of this country's Gov-

"Men always get such a bad press this sexism thing works both ways you know" ernrnent do so for the sake of being 'against' something· and are merely using the Government body as a stumbling block for their frustration and indignation. On the academic side ofthings it does seem that the situation is improving with more and more girls opting for science subjects Staffwho were questioned denied that there was any evidence of sexism in their faculty. However, opposing views given by female students in the physicsandchernistrydisciplines were that being a woman in a 'man' s world' made them feel 'intimidated' andlackinginconfidence - the 'I don't want to makeafoolofmyselfsyndrome'. However, one second year male biology student was quick to argue, "Men always get such a bad press; this sexism thing works both ways you know", a feeling that was also expressed by some male EAs students. Law students on the whole snubbed the suggestion of the existence ofsexism or misogyny in their particular academic environment as did those asked in EUR. Although, one male lecturer was heard to snipe that he spent his life surrounded by "bloody wome.n" in the Arts Building. Away from the academic situation, however, the issue is less easy to monitor. Ask the university authorities andtheywillsay"Toourknowledge itdoesn'thappen", but ask the students and it's a little different...Two girls are sitting on the next table having a coffee and a cigarette, "You don' t expect to listen to that sort of shit do you", fwnes one, "I mean, you go through school with them, do the same exams as them, get here on our own merit and then I have to live with that sexist pig!" (I didn't ask what they were talking about!)

In my own kitchen the scenariocontinues, when! was taken aback to hear my neighbour comment, "I wouldn't let my wife drink out of a beer glass". When he was fiercely challenged by several open-mouthed female students, the only justification he could come up with was "Well it'snot very feminine is it?", as he blushed a deep shade of plum. This conflict does appear to mark the role ofthe emancipated woman. She refuses to confine herself to a stereotypical female role and won't repudiate her sex, however, by renouncing her femininity she is somehow renouncmg part of her 'humanity'. Indeed intellectual women are often criticised for neglecting themselves but at the same time have the doctrine preached to them ifyou want to be our equals stop using make-up and nail polish. So what can be done? The overwhelming opinion offemale students seems to be that it is a questionofeducatingmen-ironic really. I mean, isn't that what they're here for anyway? Additionally, both sexes say that it is up to the authorities to put more etnphasis on the nonacceptability of this kind of discrimination, not only in the educational environment, but in the campus community as a whole.

The overwhelming opinion of female students seems to be that it is a question of educating men ironic really. I mean, isn't that what they're here for anyway? Women's Officer lPolly I<newstub, while maintainingthat if there is any sexism at UEA then she is not doing her job properly, expressedconcern about women's safety on campus. She cited a number of 'Rights forwomen' campaigns which are planned for the near future with particular emphasis being put on the 'NomeansNo' issue. Clearly, action of this type is the only way forward to getting the message through that this is a university of individuals and not of' them and us' .

Cartoon by Tony Lansdowne

sooner or later it must be ••••




Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993

Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


Sabbatical Elections

Sabbatical Elections


Continued f rom page 10: Who's stalfdingfor election

Communications Officer


Gill Fenwick and Niall Hampton preview this year's Sabbatical Elections This year's sabbatical election are upon us again. For the last two years, no more than a quarter of the University population have turned up to vote. And the hustings (campaigning in the LCR prior to election day) was attended by less than 50 students last year. The Sabbaticals are four students, elected to take either a year out oftheir degree course or

as a Graduate, who are supposed to be representative of the student body. They work for issues in the interest ofstudents and sit in on Committee meetings with The University. They are made automatic directors of the Union outlets, and as part of the Execu_tive, make decisions on issues concerning students, in the absence of quorate General Meetings.

However, despite the outlining conditions of the one-year posts, many students have C()mplained about the autocracy of the Union this year, and the fact that the 12 people in the Exe;;utive, including the four sabbaticals, have not been representative of the feelings of the students. The Union however, would argue that they were forc:ed to take these decisions due to a

lack of quoracy at the Union General Meetings. The present candidates all seem serious in their intentions for the jobs, and so far it looks to be a clean publicity campaign unlike last year's slur c8mpaign of one of the candidates for Finance Officer. Sbelley Wright, is an entity in that she has no oppositionforthejobofWelfare Officer, so unless ' Re Open

Nominations' (RON) gets more votes, her position seems to be safe. The other candidates include two other girls already involved with the Union, Lizzi Watson (Community Liaison Officer) and Jacqui Mackay CI!J.ternational Liaison Officer). All other candidates have nohhad anything to do with the Union before, although some have sat onStudentForurnorattendregu-

lar UGMs, including Annie HillyerandBrettAntill.The other nominees include, Jenny Witt, a SWSS member, Steven Scales, a member of Drama Society and William J. Abraham, an English Lit. Graduate. Read on for job descriptions, the perks of being one of the four to be chosen on Thursday Week 7, and to find out what students know or think about Sabbaticals.

me<>ftbetirst-things l Will do is to ask:Students what would make ~come io UGMs. ing out Wh:at they ~ant rather. than ,rel)'irig :on th.~ ,EU9 to do what they think :.1uCJents want":



It's not all Although therenumeration for Sabbatical positions is not exactly huge, they do however enjoy considerable benefits on campus. Sabbaticals re-ceivegenerousconcessionsfrom Union Entertainments, and have an option to take advantage of better than averagecampusaccomodation. Concrete conducted a thorough investigation of these job perks, and can reveal the following.




* fJ.fJ. SNOOI\t~ T413Lfi 4NI) TWV()f)f)LT413Lti - Snooker tables at £ 2.25 per hour per table * i4- allTfLLITt Ttlfl'lii()N channels , wide screen * Vll)f () fJ.uttS 4NV£ 1~f) J4ti\Vf)TM!t liiNtS * fi()T4NI) t()L() fOOl) 4LW4f i 4V41UI3Lt ·LOW LOW prices eg Chicken nuggets and chips £ 1.50 * LlttNttl) 134~ LOW LOW Prices eg Carling Draught £ 1.45 a pint Bar Open 1Oam -·11 pm Mon- Sat , 12am-3pm&?pm - 10.30pmSun

fiil#j membe~ship on production of UEAI NUS card St. Marys Plain Norwich Tel627478

As the Union Executive are directors of the Union's trading activities, they enjoy the boon of free films, free LCR gigs and free LCR discos. Sabbaticals and non-sabbaticals are both able to take advantage of this to be able to make the following savings, assuming hypothetically that they attended each event. They can also save upto a whacking £52.50 on all UNION FILMS. Similarly, the concession on UNION CONCERTS is worth a stag-


rk., V\lork.,

gering £307.50, based on the assumption that an average of41 gigs are held in the LCR per academic year, with a ticket price of £7.50 each. And the saving on the LCR DISCOS is worth a whopping £60. Yet, the Union are keen to emphasise that free drinks in the Union bars are not partoftheaboveconcessions, despite rumoured sightings to the contrary. In addition, all members ofthe Executive are "supposed to behave in an executive capacity when socialising on the Union", according to this year's Communications Officer, Richard Hewison.

ACCOMODATION Sabbaticals have an option to live on campus, renting a double room for the price of a single. Based on thedailyrentratecurrently charged by the University, a double room costs £1179.36 fora 52 week licence (yes, thesejobs are full-time)



whilst a single room costs £884.52. This represents a saving of25% for an increase of space of 50%. How cosy...

SALARY All Sabbatical posts receive the yearly salaty of £6,773, which is linked to the entry-level NALGO clerical grade, which dictates that "The tasks carried out will normally be of a repetitive nature, r !owing little scope for the exercis,. of personal initiative. It is expected that an employee... will not spend more than one year in this grade, subject to satisfactory service." Sabbaticals are, as non-students, not entitled to student loans, access funds or student banking facilities. The relatively low salary should ensure that Sabbaticals are in their posts for the right reasons; salaty levels could not reasonably be any higher seeing as the Union is a non profit making organisation.



help. I~:;bat l've ·in my three will help other stud~ts. I don't knOw· inuch about

Welfare Officer

"To be Communications Officer, you don' t need. cert~in quaUtie•; you jus~ n~d to,be -in touch wjtb the ~ople. ': The first thing a C-onimuniciltions Officer should ·do is to communicate what is going on r orwn lllluCotlnm!ttee meetg;eftnore~


Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


Instant wisdom or a fatal mistake? "These drugs are, unfortu"Smart Drugs" are claimed to improve intelligence and nately, not very specific for memory. Known as blood flow in the brain, and "Nootropics", a term which · tend to cause flushing, fainting comes from the Greek word and headaches...when it comes meaning" acting on the brain" totheenhancementofthebrain they are available at a Univer- processes (like memory) drug has been shown to be sity in London. Unfortunately for the stu- effective"commented Or dents of University College Dickenson, " if such a drug London this beliefincluded the had, tens ofthosands ofpeople active promotion of Smart · with Alzheimer's disease Drugs in prominent positions would be prescribed it on a easily viewed by the regular basis. In reply to these statements students...this meant the bars!! Stephen Cole of the Health of Dr. Dickensen, Mr. Cole Development Club, based in dismissed them as typical of Kent, believes that people have our"Patriachalsociety" which a right to information, to de- "treats people on the level of cideforthemselvesiftheywant infants." Cole would not say whether to take certain drugs. Kevin Ashton, a student at or not he has any pharmacoUCL, investigated these logical qualifications but stated that he does know that "the "Smart Drugs" for the Universitynewspaperand included south pole is cold even though views expressed by Stephen he's not a meteorologist" Perhaps his next course of Cole and Dr. Tony Dickensen, reader in Neuropharam- action should be ,in the opinacology at UCL. ion ofsome students, to go and

find out personally! Dr. Dickensen goes on to explain that " one of the reasons that Smart Drugs are not particularlyeffective is because they're not pushing the brain that much. A consequence ofthat is that, in general terms, the side effects in the brain probably aren't going to be too great. But Vassopressin, for example, is, at high doses, proven to cause angina, heart problems and do a lot of very dangerous things to the circulation. Two other drugs on the list are Oeprenyl and Bromocriptine, both ofwhich are used to treat Parkinson's disease; a syndrome which involves a


loss of voluntary movement. Bromocriptine could also have a negative effect on the hormonal balance, particularly in women. The improvisation actor Mike McShane has claimed he has used these "cognitive enhancers", but only felt any oftheir effects a year later!! The article finishes with Kevin Ashton's expression of his personal doubts about the degr~ of truth given in the information readily suppliedon these drugs and whether or not the truth - something of clear importance in the case of a drug like Vasopressin- matters to Mr. Cole and others like him. Itgoesontostatethat, "these

pills, known as 'Notropics,' have been shown to improve efficiency and memory, and physically invigorate the user." He goes on to say that some of the smart drugs can replenish cheniicals that occur naturally in the brain and are depleted by the ageing process, perhaps even slowing down the ageing process. Finally, when you worry that your dull but dependable friends start running rings around you because they are using Nootropics it should, it is suggested, be the time to start to experiment So beware!!... According to the HDC press information, although a fairly recent phenomena, there have been vast amounts of research into Nootropics and their effects. DMAE (Dymethyl-aminoethanol) is, for instance, a stimulantthat is already present in small amounts in the brain. It is also a naturally occuring

stimulantfoundinseafoodsuch as anchoviea and sardines. Piracetum ''has been consistently found to improve memory and some types of learning, with the added pleasure for some people of an enhanced sex life." Sopressinhas been shown t6 increase alertness and improve concentration and attention; Hydergine, which can improve cerebral flow; and Pyroglutamate, which has been shown to improve age related memory decline. ' I, personally will stick to the old time honoured belief that fish, among other things, feeds the brain well enough! I have written to Mr. Cole to ask personally for a qlearer ex planation ofhis product and its effects. Let's wait and see if I reply!!.. ' '-"




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Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


Advertisment Feature

en ID

's Diner. Don't forget, if you' re reallywatchingthepennies, The Diner sells the cheapest sandwiches on campus. Finally, if you want a dramatic change of scene, the Sainsbury Centre Buffet is open for lunch 5 days a week. It's the only place on campus where you'll be able to try delicious filled hoagies. The Buffet also serves a wide range of salads and snacks and is currently offering a winter warmer special of soup and a crusty granary roll for just 50 pence. And of course no trip to the Sainsbury Centre would be complete without a visit to the galleries.

Eating and drinking on campus has become a much tastier prospect as a result of the recent changes to UEA's catering policy, designed to wet the appetite of the 90's student.

The most exciting development is the new look Diner which was restyled and refurbished over the Christmas vacation. Gone are the institutional-

Gone are the tionalised of chairs and the garish plastic 70's decor ised rows of chairs and the garish plastic 70 'sdecor, these have been replaced by small groupings of tables, softer lighting and a new muted colour scheme. Together, these create a relaxed atmosphere where you can sit and eat, drink or chat in style and comfort.

Longer Hours

Catering For You "!fit's a real hamburger you're after then look no further than Breakers"

With the refurbishment has come a radical change in opening hours to cater for the growing number of students who want a meal or a snack outside of the traditional mealtimes and The Diner is now open from breakfast right

through to supper. It offers a wide choice of dishes and regularly introduces innovative items, like the sooij to be launched Spudbun - a tasty vegetarian alternative to the hamburger. Like pizzas and sandwiches, the Spudbun will also feature on The Diner's takeaway menu.

Fast and Fresh

Fora real treat, visitBreakers on a Thursday night and experience some of the very best international cuisine. During the course of these popular themed evenings, Breakeis has produced culinary delights from Mexico, Scandinavia, Greece, Turkey, China and Vietnam- to name but a few. Watch University notice boards for details of future destinations.

Cosmopolitan Tastes However, if it's a real hamburger you' re after then look The Bowl has 3lso seen no further than Breakers some radical changes over the UEA's lively fast food joint. Hereyoucantuckintoburg- past months. ers, ribs, hot . - - - - - - - - - - - - . You can now enjoy a dogs and baked greater than potatoes folever range of lowed by the sandwiches, very best of rolls and cakes freshly ground while keeping continental up with curcoffees. rent news and Move music via the to through recently introBreakers Too L..---------...J dqced satellite TV. and you can eat, chat and Those with cosmopolitan listen to the JukeBox in comtastes will love the Bowl's fortable armchairs. And for those who like a new pitta pockets and the deligame or two there is also the style sandwiches like the New chance to shoot some pool or Yorker, the BLT and the Waldorf, while the more conplay pinball.



The Diner

servative can enjoy a traditional British sarniefilled with roast beef and mustard.

Value for Money Special offers in The Bowl help to make that student grant stretch a Little bit further. This term, for instance, you can purchase a Largefruitjuice for the price of a medium or have a free refill coffee if you buy a "twofer" from The

Student catering has come a long way since the days of generic meals and chips with everything. UEA' s Catering Services are continually monitoring eating trends and exploring new and exciting menus and products. The result is a wealth of drinks, snacks and meals to suit all tastes and all pockets. So, forget that instant coffee and those Pot Noodles and microwaved meals and take yourself along to one of the outlets on campus. You won't be disappointed.



Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


Exclusive NME music ~ffer Do you remember VIVA 8, the week of gigs that top music magazine, NME, presented at the Town and Country Club last September? Remember the stormin' sets from Kingmaker, Gallon Drunk and The Blue Aeroplanes? Now. Concrete is giving you a chance to "relive that glorious week." We've got together with NME to present a special half price CD! Tape offer. And as with the shows themselves, proceeds from sales will go to the Spastics Society. The album ' Viva Eight' features bands such as those highlighted above, plus many others including Thousand Yard Stare, Jah Wobble, A House. Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds and the 'fabulous' Shonen Knife. The album will not be available in the shops until next month- and will by then have doubled in price. Two pounds of the £9.99 doubleCDcoverprice(£7.99double tape) goes to the Spastics Society, to provide "a wide range of services including schools and colleges, training and employment opportunities, residential care and help with living independently in the community" . Simply cut out the voucher on this page, and send it to the address as detailed .

1 iE Sl~itc:s

The light of the eye UEA student, Mike Stanley-Baker, tells of his experiences at the Netraprakash Chikitsa eyecamp in India



The Spastics Society is the largest charity in England and Wales working with people with cerebral palsy, their families and carers. About I ,500 babies are born with cerebral palsy each year. It's not a disease, but a condition, which affects control of movement and is caused by damage to the brain around the time of birth. Some people are hardly affected, but others need constant help: mental ability is not necessarily impaired. There is no cure, but the right kinds of therapy and support can make life easier. A free Cerebral Palsy Helpline offers counselling and practical advice. People with cerebral palsy are NOT 'victims' or 'sufferers' and they are only 'handicapped' by the attitudes of others. The Spastics Society believes that people with disabilities have the right to control their own lives. With the help of the public, The Spastics Society hopes to have many more years of helping people with cerebral palsy to play their full part in the community.

TO ORDEl YOll copy of 'Viva Eigtlt' simply Hll in th~ COI4>00 below, (make cheques/PO's payable to 'Viva Eight'



Albl>'!l Ofti!r) and send to Viva 8 Album I Offer, PO 80)( 146, NO<Wicil NR3 3QN. I Allow 28 days for deliv~. 1

....~·.·.p·.L·EAS· ..•..·E·.5·.-EN·.·o·.M· ..·E.·.·..•.•.·oiJ·• ~.~ :~:~:~ :~~~ ~:.~; • • • • •


....... CD's/....... cassettes of 'Viva Eight' (CD's £9.99 including £3.00 donation. Cassettes £7.99 including £2.00 donation to The Spastics Society) Name .........................................................................................- -..··-····............... Address .......................... - ..........................................- ..........____ .....................

Postcode ......................._ ................-._ ......................- ......, _____ ....... - .......

We all know how it feels when you do someone a good turn. Whatever it is, from helping an old person across the street to giving instructions to a lost motori st, there 's always that feeling of happiness and contentment, like everything's going to be all right in the world . And if you've ever noticed, that feeling always feels best when you don' t expect anything in return, when you just give. That's a small indication of what the mood was ~ke in theNetraprakash Chikitsa eyecamp early last month. People had come from all over the world to freely give their services, whatever they might be, to help the villagers of the Tansa Valley in Maharashtra, India. Everything from surgeons and nurses to artists to electricians listed among the professions of the people who came. Some had saved up for months and gone to incredible lengths to be at the camp, just so that they could serve, so they could help wherever they were needed . And they came from all around the world, from North and South America, Europe, Hong Kong and Japan, from all over India, and from Down Under. What they came for was part of a long-term scheme to help the villages of the Tunsa valley, improve their living conditions and help them become sell-sufficient and healthy communities. This was being run by PRASAD, a voluntary organization set up by Swami Muktananda, a world famous spiritual leader. PRASAD literally means"divine gift that carries blessings" both for the one who gives the gift and the one who receives it. The particular gift being given this time was sight. Cataracts are a crippling disease which impairs the sight, causing partial to total blindness. The sufferernot only cannot work to support

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the community, they can't fend for themselves and need constant care, drawing support from the community which could be used for conThe s tructi ve purposes. Netraprakash Chikitsa eyecamp was there to perform sight-restoring surgery on over 1,300 villagers, giving a new life to them and to the communities in which they lived . It was an incredible thing to be occurring. The eye camps were unique because the surgeons implanted intraocular lenses, the most sophisticated device available to restore vision from cataract blindness. This has never been attempted on such a large scale, free of charge, in a developing country, although the techniques used by Netraprakash are now being incorporated into eye-care programs all over the world . The most special thing that I noticed, as a participant in the camp, was the people. It was said at one of the nightly programmes held there, that we should try to give, not nobly, but cheerfully. And the incredible thing was that this really happened. Some of the people who had gone to incredible lengths to get to the eye camp never got to actually go and work with the patients. They were given work like vegetable chopping, or toilet cleaning, or in my case. furniture moving. We didn 't get to work out on the camp like we wanted, but had to stick with the mundane jobs back in the Ashram from which the camp was being supported. You'd think people would be grouchy and complain. But they didn ' t. They just took whatever was given them and did it to the best of their ability, with so much love. They really served with no expectation ofreward, or of fume. I was impressed . How many people do you know who can chop vegetables for five to six hours a day with a smile on their face? During another programme, a lady shared how she'd been to see Gurumayi, Swami Muktananda 's successor, about some plans she'd completed for a Third World improvement project. She'd thought it would be real success. Gurumayi just turned to her and said "Catherine, people 's hearts just aren't open enough. Until people open their hearts, the poverty and suffering in the world will never cease." Catherine realized that this

was true. After working in World Health organizations for fifteen years, what she'd noticed is that there is no shortage of people who want to be noble heroes, and go out on the front lines. What we lack is people who are willing to do whatever is asked of them without complaint. People who are willing to do the unglamorous behind-tht>-sce~ work which gets no pay an ~ fame, people who are broad-minded enough to see the whole picture and understand that their seemingly unimportant work is vital to the functioning of the whole. Which is why the Netraprakash eye camp was so special. Because the people didn ' t complain about their crapjobs, they were willing to forget about themselves and try to see the whole picture. The atmosphere of service and love that came out of that attitude was amazing. I've never felt so welcomed or had so much fun doing such potentially boring work. What they achieved was amazing. One patient shared, "My life, which was totally full of darkness, now became full of light" These villagers could see colours again . Some saw friends and relati ~ whom they hadn ' t seen for ten yea some saw their grandchildren fo I the first time. The sheer joy and gratitude on their faces was beyond compare. More so, their being able to see will have long term-effects on the well-being of the villages they returned to, improving the quality oflife as a whole. And for us working in the camp, it was as if we'd received laser surgery on our inner eyes. We couldn ' t help but see the greatness within people, suddenly the richness oflife and its wonderful diversity became so apparent. It was as if we too began to see the world with a different vision, and light had entered ou r lives. On the plane back I sat beside a man who summed up the entire experience ofNetraprakash for me. He asked me "doesn 't it feel so good to serve? Doesn't it make you feel just great? You know Mike," he said, "the source of all our pain and suffering is self-concern, and not looking outwards, to where we can give to others." It seemed to me he was right- if we would only stop complaining about our lives, and go try to help others, we might really see what a great world this is.

Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


war Harry Stockdale talks to Sir Nicholas Bonsor about Britain's defence policy OncethebiggestthreattoBritain was Russia. Behind closed doors, far from the strained ears ofthe Media, the dark shadow of the Cold War era crept its way along the upper echelons of the bureaucratic corridors. Today Britain's biggest threat lS Britain- the intruder within. With the acknowledgement that some soldiers, especially those on short tours, may be working more than 100 hours a week, Britain's capacity as an international peacekeeping, aid and protection force is stretched well beyond our elastic limits. For all intensive purposes recession is the scapegoat of our time. With unemployment escalating all the time- the three million mark is well within sight: but in the military field the Government'sobjectivesarenotthat we should increase our forcesexactly the opposite. when the Ministry of Dehand out their redundancy letters, near on 26,000 soldiers will be turfed out onto the streets. The situation concerning the Royal Navy and the Royal Air

Force has yet to be dealt with. Last Autumn the Chancellor, Norman Lamont, called for cut backs of £500 million, but that is nothing compared to the £1.2 billion being taken off their budget for 1994-5. All this, the House of Commons Defence conunittee along with senior military officials agrees, is money quite desperately needed to insure that Britain maintains effective protection and training in Northern Ire-

when the Ministry of Defence hand out their redundancy letters, near on 26,000 soldiers will be turfed out onto the streets land,BelizeandBrunei, the Falkland Islands, Cyprus and Hong Kong, Germany and Yugoslavia (for the time being,) and here in

Britain with the Territorials. Sir Nicholas Bonsor, chairman of this select committee, set up to monito~ the Governments, challenging them at times on issues of prime military importance, branded the Government's cuts as "biased, bigoted, and blinkered," and that "only Britain could adopt this approach " For different reasons we can not move out of any of these countries; and what if another 'Yugoslavia' erupted, or Hong Kong got out of hand with riots when we hand it over to the Chinese in 1997. The fmdings of the report, published on Tuesday, were that Britain can not actually afford to pay off the soldiers, costing taxpayers £1.3 billion, whereas maintaining the nine battalions (two of which have been reprieved) for the next three years alone would cost only £600 million. Sir Nicholas himself was once in the Territorial army, serving in the Royal Buckinghamshire Yeomanry and after eight years of service rose to the conunand-

ing rank of Major before the battalion was abolished in 1970. So with first-hand experience, therefore, he is furious with the Government's "Options for Change." His job, however, also monitors British movements concern-

Britain can not actually afford to pay off the soldiers, costing tax-payers £1.3 billion ing the need for support for our 2,700 or so soldiers out there. When asked about Russia' s.sym-

pathies with the Serbs, he replied that he had a good rapport with Marshal Grachov- but that the Russian commander was worried. However, it is Iraq that may be on both men's minds: "They have never surrendered the fact that Kuwait is their 13th state. They may well try again."

More importantly Iraq' s old enemy, Iran, may have obtained the old 'Backfire' nuclear delivery systems, which China is reportedly buying from Russia and selling off to other countries Iran is far stronger than Iraq now and with U.N peace duties increasing every year, Britain may well need a larger army.

One for Freedo1n BBC Radio One FM

Saturday February 20 The second part of Radio 1 FM's recording of the recent Amnesty Super-bowl Cabaret featuring a line up that includes Jo Brand, Alexei Sayle, Arthur Smith and John Hegley. The comedy is interlinked with information highlighting Amnesty's 'Urgent Action' cases, prisoners of conscience around the world. See Page J2 for our exdusive interview with Jo Brand.

. enee s\ote eontJ en'



Your Union gerv1ng you I


Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993

~Uur Valentine§ .. .



To: Saleem. Whenever! think of Axminster. I think of you . Eternal love.

Cazza. There's no could aboutthis ... itsmagic. Happy Valentines day. MarkOwen.

To my sprouting bean. Fancy a pioneer trail through a sugar beet field or two? 'cos I do! SSSIIOOOMM!

Stinker. love you infinity x infinity + l. Bouncy Tigger. Would you imagine I'm so shy that wh en I look into the mirror in the morning , I blush and say:"Oh, sorry s1r. Jl?. Would you imagine I'm so > clumsy I can't breathe with both nostrils at the same time? And that when I start thinking of you my heart beats so strong and loud that people from the corridor say: ''f"*•king hell! Stop playing drums at night"? So, if I'M RIGHT in thinking that you like me too, then ·take me, 'shake me, kiss meor just talk to me by your maternal eyes. And if I'M LEFT, well ... just give me to the cat!

Messup & Tidyup need lots of cuddles Henry, Life before you came along was like a blunt pencii .... Pointless. With love, Peaches. Dearest Chris , I want to nuzzle your earlobes and have you lick my head. Forever. Colin Browning . To dearest Giily, We think you' re the greatest- you can lay us up any time . Love all ate. To the Ad Bloater. Mop the water from my windowsill with your layout hanky ... if you dare! From the S.Y.M to the S.Y.L with eternal love! To Squirrel. The Beauty of the morning The mist & the dew The beauty of a buttercup All remind me of you!! To my dear Knuffelbaer! In the morning I can't eatbecause I think of you! In the afternoon I can't eat - because I think of you! In the evening I can't eatbecause I think of you! At night I can't sleepbecause I' m hungry! All my love - yours Poohface xxx To J+K, My twin love goddesses. Our time is now ... Come spin on my decks at 45 r.p .m and let justice be done or the heavens fall my angels. Love the coped crusader. Dove. You 're a drunkenshit. but we love you . 130. Xi - Anh eel em - Moog

To Daffy Duck, ~This yearning heart (love! Witness what I say) enshrines thy form as purely as it moy, round which. as to some spirit wittering bliss, my thoughts all stand ministrant [light and •· •·• day." Lots of love :+ Big wet kisses from Squirrel. Chippy, Sometimes it pays to act before you think! Here's to another four months (and then another ... ). I love you (honest!) Goober. (Not always A. ... ) Love me tender Love me true Love me Chompy For I love you . I hope you've got your drive back. Sticky! You can shift my gears anytime. A reformed addict and friends. Jettgurl - "Though you are far away I know you'll always be near to me" . Luv and big snogz, Jettboy




To Grenville, The pictures you shoot A re so lovely and cute They remind me of you Tall, hairy ... eyes so blue. So please take me as your lover As long as you take off your lens cover. Rich XXX

angels. not closely akin. They' re Jo & Pa ula The girls round the c orner The starlets of Norfolk Terrace When these two walk by Men look to the sky And thank God for these Homy young cherubs. Chris White house (Law l)

Lashings of soyadessert and long-distance snogs for the woman with ginger bits in her hair.

My one and only speckle , your dearest Snooks loves you and will do for ever.

Dove Willson. To the man who Jpoks sexy playir)g snooker. My heart Is yours. Love and kisses Moria SOC2. Dear Richard. you are the fluff in my belly button. Love 'n' licks. Chris Hollingworth. Dear Josephine. When first I arrive-d in this realm. I captained my heart from the helm. Then you spoke to me. Emotions cried. "Mutiny!" And now. I don't want to quell'em. AffeCtionately yours. Kate Fridge and Lunch send their love to the Moog Flossey, I arn the baa-gdfn of the century. will you go out with me? Guy. Jqf11es, plug intqmy socket and let our bihary digits interact. Ruth

Betty' s got nothing on yodl To the P<;:>st Qfflce Pi!k. Grovel/ grovel. f(om Frank! They're loves' young dream. All peaches & cream As cute as a shiney wee pin; These sexy two g irls All voluptous curves Are to



S. May the stars sh in e brightest in your eyes. Z Robert For9 (EAS 1), I've been watching you from afar but would love to get closer. Someone will have ·. to watch it I won't stop until you're mine. From your future love. Femme Fatale. An ocean of water separates us. A sea of love unites us. Sail across soon. I love you. D.

Uz the lawyer, Will you go shopping with me to Roys? I've seen yoU on the BUNAC stall at lunchtime wearing those checked sh irts . . I like the way you look!! wur you fly away with me?

b iscuits around- I just wish I could understand you . Darling Polar Bear. I want t o melt your iceberg w ith my fireball. Eskimo kisses and cuddles from your loving seal pup xxxxx . To the Clarendon Clan: Be manly. Walesiswaiting . Get there before the heat rays have fried the last sheep. Mary- what's happened to that little lamb of yours? Bill. Love to all my fluffiest bunnies. Make it funky! El Presidente. Crawl Club. To anything but the gentleman. Roses are red, VIolets are blue, I am repressed, How about you?! Yours- the BIO student.

To Kitten - from Puppy 0 Venus send my heart' s desire. With love to quench my burning fire. For your impassioned lips I yearn , The ways of love through you to learn. Give me ecstacy with your k'JSS , And send me up to heavenly bliss.

darling I love you lots from the schmall brown one. ~nugg!ebotf:qrn, Than}( you for d year, 3 months & 23 Darling Richard Jones, This is days of wet · lettuce & just to infiateyourego. Love whipped C(-§Qm frollicks . & kisses.+ 1. Loveall of you, especially the white bits. Yours ever My Grr.. earest Doggy, gasping & screaming Flossie. · Grr.. rr .. rr .. know how muchy I 'Gruff' you? EmYeu Anh Grrevy .. Grr .. Grrevy muchy! Paul Hargreaves. You're fun, Just wanna thank you for stylish. sexy, manly. I love being my grroyal and coming on your beer and grraithful doggy especially curry nights and you buy on this Bonytine Day! only the best chocolate Groovingly Yours. (paw). Dearest

~Valentines (A)mpetitivn Winner To Kitten - from Puppy 0 Venus send my heart's desire, With love to quench my burning fire. For your impassioned lips I yearn, The ways of love through you to learn. Give me ecstacy with your kiss, And send me up to heavenly bliss.

Ma1y 1hanks to everyone who sent 1tleir Valenfines message via Concrete. If 'Puppy' would lke to make him/ herself known to us we will forward your bottle of Moet et Chandon charpag-~e. If however you haven't dained it by 1tle date of 1tle next issue of Concrete. we will print your real nOI'Tle .....


Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993


( Week 6 Spring Term, 1993 )

The official line on what's happening in your Union Students with disabilities

Travellers Meeting at UEA

Bye Bye Liz

As a result of the Awareness campaign in week 4, the executive has been notified of facilities available through the gliding club for students with disabilities. These facilities allow a person with disabilities to glide in the same way and to the same standard as any able-bodied individual. Some of the lessons are taught by an individual who is disabled. Full details can be obtained by contacting Steve Bradford through the internal mail (SYS p/g)or Lizzi Watson, Union Community Liaison Officer.

Fallowing the passing of policy on stopping caravan sites reform at Forum earlier this term and the signing of the petition at the week 2 UGM, there will be an open meeting on Thursday Week 6 (18th Feb.) at 5.00 pm in the Bill Wilson Room. Since this piece ofgovernment legislation threatens the whole ethos of a travellers life, it is vital that awareness and campaigning starts now. The meeting is for students, travellers and anyone else interested. There will be national speakers and a wide variety of information available.

After weeks of speculation, Liz Rice has decided to step down as Union Publicity Officer. The move follows pressure from academic work and, in Liz's words it's a "crap job." Communications Officer Richard Hewison was said to be saddened by the news, but said, "It comes as no surprise that Liz has resigned, because she is right that it is a crap job, but one Liz has done far better than any other candidate I can remember so far. It is time for changes to be made. I wish Liz

Societies funds threat .

w reports leaked from the department ofeducation show plans to interfere with Union funding to halt contributions to clubs and societies coming out of funds from the university. The move comes as part of the John Pattens dogmatic voluntary principle. Under this scheme, Union activities will be defmed as "core" activities and "noncore" activities. Core activities will include things such as the Welfare Service and represent areas which all students will have access to by virtue of being a student. Other non-core activities, which will include clubs & societies, RAG, Student Community Action as well as Union Meetings, and any form of reprel..erttatJon to the University. These activities will have to be funded out of the "political levy" which will be charged to all students who wish to take part in these activities. It is as yet unclear whether income from the commercial outlets of the Union

will be able to subsidise this area or not. The affiliation to the National Union will also come under this category. The government wish to see annual affiliation ballots to NUS at each campus as well, however it is not clear whether this will be just for those who pay for "non-core" activities or everyone to vote in. NUS Officer Shelley Wright commenting on these plans stated, " these plans are for the most part completely unworkable. Students will in effect notice only that they have to pay at the start of the year for what is now free, and less money will be available to provide all of the functions the Union needs to provide. As for an annual affiliation ballot, we have nothing to fear from that. Time and time again students study the arguments and choose to vote to be part of NUS - perhaps if the government had to face a similar ballot every year thiscountrymightbe in a slightly better state."

well with the rest of her time here, and will miss sharing an office with her." The question of what roles are needed on the Executive will be discussed a tan upcoming Forum meeting. Some suggestions include creating an Environmental Officer, removing HHC Chair from a voting position, or creating a nonsabbatical General Secretary. ANY ideas as to how the Executive could be better structured will be welcomed warmly.

Late News- Resignation Shocker! Yes, news just in is that ANOTIIER executive member has resigned! This time Jim Hickman, Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual Rights Officer has upped his sticks and gone. The resignation is less due to Jim's decision to leave UEA and take up a place at Birmingham School of Drama. Reacting to the latest loss, Communications Officer Richard HeWJson said, "I will miss Jim very much indeed. He made a great start as LGB Officer this year and has left a solid foundation for his successor to build on. "I don't think Jim was ever particularly happy with his course here, and I am delighted he has obtained a place on a course he wants." This latest resignation coming hot on the heels ofLiz Rice has raised questions as to the stability of the executive. Hewison commented, "It must be borne in mind what a huge commitment being a part time member of the executive is : I reject the notion that the executive is falling apart - we have had 6 of TilE HARDEST WORKING EVER part timers in Shelley Wright, Kara Penn, Lizzi Watson, Jacqui Mackay, Rachael Maskell and John Holmes who have made huge sacrifices to their course and stuck with it all year. Meanwhile, newcomers Polly Knewstub and Luke Hargreaves have thrown themselves enthusiastically into their jobs and are proving invaluable." In fact, records show that no executive has ever kept as many as 6 part timers from the beginning of the year until now.

Executive Disagree over strategy on rents The general meeting ( inquorate) on Monday week 5 saw a long and heated exchange between the Union Communications Officer (Richard Hewison) and the Socialist Workers Student Society. Hewison outlined the position currently being taken in negotiations with the University, basically that the top priority has to be keeping licence lengths held at 30 weeks for all who need it, even if this results in a real-terms rent freeze rather than the hoped monetary rent freeze. The Socialist Workers Student Society, who had put in a motion calling for rents to be reduced by about £8 a week, questioned the validity of the Executive pursuing this line of negotiation and called for 30 week licences and a

monetary rent freeze. Hewison dismissed this line as "unrealistic." However, it was clear that support for this line was not unanimous from the members of the executive present. Community Liaison Officer, Lizzi Watson, was also critical ofthe line taken, and states that the Union should be aiming to ensure rents are increased only in line with inflation to ensure that this year's savings are not swallowed up in subsequent rises. Meanwhile, the Uruon and University are still exploring possible models for next year's residences estimates (where rent levels are determined) and the Union is maintaining its conviction that both licence lengths and rent rises can be kept down.


Union listings Cont. from Page 2 Travel & Exploration:. 7 pm, room 1.33 Wednesday 24th February •SABBATICAL ELECTION HUSTINGS• for the people at Fifer's lane. Same format as Monday the fun starts at 7pm. Executive Committee another scintillating meeting for all insomniacs, 2pm in the co~erence room Clubs & Societies Drama : I pm, {'OOill 1.28 Socialist Worlcers: I pm, room 1.33 Nightline: 6 pm, rooms 1.28 & 1.31 Contempory Dance: 6.30 pm, room 1.33 Travel & Exploration: 8 pm, room 1.28 Morris Dancing: 8 pm, room 1.33 Thursday 25th February •ELECTIONS• : NEXT YEARS SABBATICAL OFFICERS! (7.30 -10.00 at Fifer's Lane, 11.00 - 17.30 on the plain) NUS Conference Delegates - nominations close at 2 pm HHC Elections - nominations close at 2 pm Executive Officer (Publicity) nominations open The Union Fashion Show : starts in the LCR at 8pm and is followed by the traditional ents disco at 9. admission just £3.50 on the door. Clubs & Societies

Liberal Democrats: lprn, Conference Room Buddhist : 5.30 pm, room 1.33 Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual: 8 pm, room 1.33 •ELECTION RESULTS• : the count will take place immediately after the polls close at 5.30 p.m. -the


will be announced in the Hive

at approx. 6.30 p.m.

Friday 26th February Clubs & Societies Livewire : 2 pm, conference room Saturday 27th February Little Shop of Horrors: Live drama in!JleLCR-makesureyou+rehereby 7 pm to ensure your seat- this one wi 11 seD out! Clubs & Societies Tai Kwon Do: 4 pm, room 1.33 Sunday 28th February Little Shop ofHorrors: same as last night, will sell out again. Be at the LCR by7pm. Clubs & Societies: Morris: 11 am, room 1.28 Games: 11.30 am, conference room International Club Meet people from all over the world in friendly surroun~, chat and dance. Labour Club, Bethe1Street7.30pm. Thisweek a feature on Russian Theatre produced by Clive Paton. Monday lst March "Lesbian. Gay & Bisexual Awareness Week!" Yes its time to throw away those closets you've been dying to get out of for years, stick a big two fillgen up at the homophobe on your oorridor and give younelf over to a week of Gay Abandon (see a notice board near you). Clubs & Societies Contempory dance: 6.30 pm, LCR Travel & Exploration: 6.30 pm,

room 1.33 Star trek: 7 pm, room 1.31

~----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------· ~

IPravda is written and compiled entirely by the Students Union. It appears here by commercial arrangement with Concrete



C o~crete,


~br uary_17,

cone ete 0603 250558 University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4, 7TJ Publisher: Stephen Howard Chief Editor: Peter Hart Editors: Gill Fenwick & Suzanne Turner Happenings Editor: Darren Fisher Sports Editor: Katharine Mahoney Chief Reporter: Polly Graham Picture Editor: Craig Eason Staff Photographer: Rob Hardy Advertising: Simon Mann Distribution: John Barton Layout Assistants: Paul Coslett, Caroline Kiepels, Mike Bradbrook Proof Readers: Sandra Lilley, Alistair Cushion, David Hatton Typists: Thuy La

Photographers: Phil Vickers, Malcolrn Forbes-Cable, Mark Turner Contributors: Niall Hampton, David Benidge, Matt Broersma, Mike Stanley Baker, Oliva Stuart-Liberty, Harry Stockdale, Georgina King, Toby Leaver, Jamie Putnam, Hwee Hwee Tan, Amanda Cresswell, Amir Thiliagadurai, Simon Lau

l\'lany Thanks to Technical Advisors: Neil Barnden, Mike Salmon, Peter Roberts, Dave Cartwright

Thanks to: Union House Stewards Concrete (including "Happenings") is published independently at UEA. Opinions expressed are those of the contributor and not necessarily those of the Publisher or Management.

(c) 1993

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Ragged around the edges There has been much wntten about that great disease of the 90's- apathy. A word that trips ofT the tongue so easily whenever events fail. The RAG Valentines Ball is a good example, cancelled because over half the tickets remained W1sold. It 's easy to say "Oh well, at £25 a ticket students just can' t afTord it". Sorry, but that' s simply W1lrue. If students can afTord to go drinking every night, as

many do, then they can certainly afTord £25 for a Ball ticket. We would put forward a d1fTerent themy students just can 't stand to get involved- they're afraid of commitment. It's not easy to organise things on your ovv'll, but when so few are will ing to help, then that's what happens. Remember, these events are organised for you; to have a fw1 time and raise money for worthy causes. We cannot continue without your support.

Please don 't let charity become just another casualty of these difficult tunes.

RAG P.S. While writing this·Jetter, we were disturbed by somebody ranting about how badly he thought we were doing. WeJI, why don 't you come up and organise something? Be a help, not a hindrance. (RAG s upports IC RF, MENCAP, Bamardos, Shelter, Norwich AIDS He/plin e)

Concerns over safety Copy of a letter sent to Mr Robin Thomas, Director of Safety The purJX)se of this letter is to put in \\Titing the concerns which I aired at our meeting last week TI1c first safety issue, \\hich IS worrying students and faculty alike, concerns the road crossing by the Porters Lodge. It is necessary to use this crossmg in order to gain access to the Law School. and hundreds of students do so each day. Unforttmatd) . recent · aesthetic improvements · have shifted the crossing point from a perfect!) satisfactory position to one which is extremely dangerous. in close proximity to the access barriers on a busy bend. Many students dislike using this crossing to the extent that they now \valk in U1c road and through the entrance barriers. which causes the security staff some concern. I have brought this problem to the attention of the Joint Committee of the Law School. and all those present agreed that the current position is not acceptable. An appropriate solution would be to return the crossing to its original position, but if this proves too difficult, a proper pedestrian crossing

Concrete welcomes your letters on any issues. Write to: The Chief Editor, Concrete, UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, or bring your letter to tile Concrete office, upstairs in Union House. If there is anything you think we should be writing about, drop us a note, or call us on Norwich 250558. We do not publish anonymous letters.

"Students .. are entitled to expect the same degree of protectum tn the areas ll'here they walk"

with beacons vvould improve visibility and make people feel more comfortable whilst crossing the road. I feel vc~ strongly that, as the University has spent so much money on a scheme which has marginaliscd road safety, it should not be too much to ask them to spend a little more to reduce U1c risk of accidents . The second problem area (and one which is becoming more acute as lectures arc scheduled later in the evening) seems to be the poor state of the lighting around Earlhan1 Hall and on the path

through the park. Whilst I realise that the park is O\med by the Cit~ Council and that we haYc no direct control. I feel that the University has not done enough to ·fight our corner· Students are citizens of Norwich as much as anybody else. and arc entitled to expect the same degree of protection in the areas where the) walk. At present, both male and female students. as well as staff. feel unsafe m the evening. and many feel that \VC have been veT) luck·y to have gone for so long \vithout a serious incident.

The Universi~ could itself improve safe!) b) installi.... extra lov\ -IC\ cl light . . around the actual Hall. whicil would enable students to walk 'the long wa} round· do\m to the well-lit Uni\crsity Drive. It could also install a couple of floodlights, one Illun1mating the path from the Porter's Lodge end, and one moUlltcd on the trellis archway in the Earlham Garden. City council permission migh t be needed for this, but the overall cost would be IO\\. buying a great deal of extra safety ancljust as importantly, peace of mind. I would like to express these concerns at the next Safety Committee meeting in Marc and hope that these two problems can be dealt with as a matter of some urgency. John Clark (Copies have been forwarded to the Vice Chancellor and the S.U. Welfare Officer).

Issue 16 crossword answers ACROSS I 1 Dr No -~ J Knight 8 1Rene\\al 10) AJJer 11) S t~ le 12 1 Oheron 1-t 1 Dona JJ Maclean 17) Sli\'en I 'J) Aliw 22t Bison2:> 1Frasmus 2-t 1 Nissan 25) Smm DOWN 2t Nanc.:y -t ) Nclson ManJcla 5t( iraJe(, )Tadpole 71 N~ro !rt Reside 9) Whecl D 1 Fngels 151 Nilsson In) Caaha 18t Venus 211 1lnman 21 10hoe

•• 1 HOUR • QUAliTY •• ••









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Concrete, Wednesday, February 17, 1993



Defeat for Women's Volleyball

IBy Katharine Mahoney I UEA started their match against Loughborough tentatively, and soon found themselves 2-7 down. They fought back though, forcing Loughborough into a series of mistakes and bringing the score up to 7-1 0 as time out was called. After a rousing pep talk, UEA came out strongly and with the help of some excellent serving and a good call for an out bal~ they raised their score to I 0-11 . Unfortunately for UEA, Loughborough came back with some good tactical shots and eventually won the game 15-10. The second game saw Loughborough immediately taking the initiative and starting very strongly indeed. They placed their shots we!~ picking the spaces in UEA's defence. UEA seemed unable to get it together and lacked an attacking spirit. They soon found themselves I 0.{) down. UEA managed to get off the mark and played some good shots, but after a mistake at the final point, they lost 15-4.

Mark Simpson puts the record straight about the UEA Fencing Team

The final game was of mixed fortunes for UEA Their teamwork was disjointed and a lack of people calling for the ball saw them lose some unnecessary points. They soon found themselves 8-3 down. HoweveraftertimeoutUEAcame out enthusiastically and with some excellent blocking at the net they equalised at I 0 all. After a couple of mistakes though, it looked like UEA had lost confidence. There was confusion among the players over who

was meant to be going for the ball and there was a couple of unnecessary mix-ups which saw no-one moving for the ball at all.ln the end, with a good combination of skill and strength, Loughborough won 15-10. UEA had looked at times as good as Loughborough, but ultimately they lacked the teamwork and consistency to win. Fural Score: UEA 0 Louglrborough3.

By Gareth Billington and Toby Leaver

The hard hitting Pirates defence once again proved the decisive factor as they maintained their I 00% home record and forced their way back into the play off picture by overwhelming the Oxford Cavaliers. After a month and a halflay off UEA' s offence started shakily, allowing Oxford to take an early lead in the game when an intercepted pass was returned 75 yards for a touchdown. However, any hopes the Cavaliers had ofbuilding on this were quashed as the swanning defence prevented the conversion attempt and then pinned play deep in Oxford's half. Their dominance was with a Rob Grant safety at of the first quarter, making score 2-6. The second quarter continued in much the same vein until a 35 yard punt return by defensive captain Gareth Billington gave the Pirates possession deep in Oxford territory, and three plays later quarterback Warren Smart sneaked over from 2 yards for the lead. Nick Durrant extended this lead to four points by adding the conversion. Oxford 's attempts to regain the lead were thwarted as tackle Dave Corby picked up a fumble and thanks to

Amen without shirts By Suzonne Turner

Pirates Excellence UEA Pirates 26 v Cavaliers 6 UEA Pirates 18 v Cambridge Pythons 0

Fencing team

substantial blocking ran 65 yards for the score. Julian Weldon added the two point conversion to put UEA ahead 18-6 at half-time. In the second half the Pirates offence came alive and began to wear down the Cavaliers with some powerful running by Weldon and Durrant. They extended the lead to twenty points with a 68 yard touchdown pass from Smart to leading receiver Neil Sullivan and another conversion, this time from Andy Battaile. With time running out the Oxford offence went to the air, but 2 sacks from Weld on and interceptions from Mark Jones and Danny Turner ensured the Pirates held finn to win. The Pirates success at home continued the following Sunday with a return match against the Cambridge Pythons. The Python's were undefeated and had beaten UEA convincingly 34-Q in an away game last tenn . The first points in the gamecameearlyin the first quarter with a 50 yard touch-down pass from quarterback Warren Smart to wide receiver Neil Sullivan. The second touch-down was a 35 yard pass to Mike Bucher, again in the first quarter. Neither conversion was successful, giving the Pirates a surprise 12-Q lead. The final scoring play was early in the second quarter with comerback Rob Grant stripping the ball from a Cambridge player

After destroying Essex, UCL and Queen Mary' s College in the first round of the UAU's, a fact that might have escaped you if you'd read the last issue of Concrete, the fencing team were confident that the match against Exeter would be theirs for the taking. There was a return to first team action for starChris Morton and the experienced Simon McDowell and Nick Care further bolstered morale. EPEE - Morton,Care,Cahn. Things started going horribly wrong when Exeter's highly skilful epee team proved too strong. Only Morton was any match for them, although Care battled valiantly, managing to keep the team on tenterhooks. Cahn, though, was well out of his depth. Result: UEA-3 EXETER-6

experience, McDowell's expert timing and the rising talent of Cahn, recently made Norfolk County Champion, boded well for victory. McDowell fenced superbly and was desperately unlucky to win just the one fight. Simpson, though, could not get his act together until the last fight, thereby losing to inferior opposition and winningjust one bout. Cahn 'slack ofexperience at this level became painfully obvious when he lost his first few fights before managing to secure again just the one victory. Result: UEA-3 EXETER-6

SABRE - Simpson, McDowel~ Cahn. It was in this discipline that li,EA hoped the break would come; Simpson's great skill and

and returning it an impressive 49 yards for a touch-down. Another failed conversion attempt that the score would stand at 18.{) for the rest of the game. Late in the second quarter both defences hardened and despite a strong perfonnance from the Pirates offence, neither team was able to put anymore points on the scoreboard. The consistently excellent perfonnance from the Pirates defence meant that this was the first game this season that the Pythons have failed to score. The offence, under head coach Robin Burton, showed some excellent teamwork against one of the best collegiate defences in the country. The Pirates record is 4-2-1 at present which puts them in a strong position for a playoff spot with a key game being played at home this Sunday against the Loughborough Aces which could decide UEA's post season success. Kickoff is set for I pm at Fifers Lane.

The Commercial Union UAU results Women's 1st Hockey 0 v Loughborough 4 Men's 3rd Hockey 2 V UCLO Men's Volleyball 1 v Reading 3 Women's Volleyball 0 v Loughborough 3 Women's Badminton 1 v Exeter 8 Men's Badminton 0 v Birmingham 9 Women's Squash 0 v BristolS Well done to the Men's 3rd Hockey, who are now through to the quarter-fmals. Best of luck!!

FOIL - Morton,Simpson,Care. If UEA won this 8-1 then victory was still possible. Both UEA's stars, Morton and Simpson, fenced superbly winning 3 and 2 bouts out of 3 respectively. However, Care made his lack of first team action evident by unluckily losing 2 bouts. Result:UEA-6 EXETER-3

MembtrsoftheUEA Chaplaincy footbaB team are currently having to pay for their own football kit. D\le to a lack of chaplaincy funds the team is forced to buy theirowo blue shirts as their only team tit is five years old and incomplete. At presentthe chaplaincy team relies on the good will of other teams for their away kit. This season they are borrowing a kit from the Church ofHolyTrinity. Team member Alex Blagona commented, "our team plays in T-shirts that are offblue. It's very confusing for the teams that we play as they just see a mass ofoff bluish shirts. It's very confusing for us too." Alex continued, "to get a kitofourown would involve individual players going out and buying their own shirts. This would come to about three hundred pounds in total." "TbeChaplaincyteamalready has to already raise £1 SO each year In order to pay league fees and remain in the F.A. This comes from team subs." Chris Hollingworth, Sabbatical Finance Officer commented on the team •s financial position, "They're not a club or society and as such we are not responsible fur them. We can't simply give them money as this would take money away from qur clubs and societies."

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Martial Arts - The answer for all Men and Martial Arts Tai Chi: Tim is in his late twenties: why did he take up Tai Chi? " Hcaltl1 reasons. I'd developed repetitive skeletal problems in my neck and shoulders." So why Tai Chi? " A Shiatsu lady recommended it. I've typed at a computer company for ten now and Peking Tai Chi relieves all tl1e stress. " But he does Gojuru Karate as well (consult ilie chart)" ... yeah, it's stressful; very! " He joined in September and is becoming a " bit fit. " Aikido: Alan has done Aikido for four years; he used to do Shotokan Karate but a new instructor was employed who led iliem on a straight course of bunny-hops, push-ups and situps. He described his new course as being "defensive" and not hard; ''I' m not fit- I'm too old to care.'' Tai Chi: Colin is 53 years old and does Peking Tai Chi because it' s not too strenuous -

he 's not iliat fit. When asked about tl1e comparisons to aerobics, he asked me " Ever done it?" " No. " " I tried it once nearly killed me. " He continued, "1 iliink aerobics is very strenuous. Tai Chi is better for fitness and you can do it in your own time." He stressed iliat it does help you relax and improves your 11exibility. It relieves tile tension from his job as a director of Sedge wicks. Hapkido: from ilie older to ilie younger: Joe is nine years old and practises in a class of 15 or so, most of whom are slightly older ilian him. Normally he goes on Saturday mornings, but he's doing it twice a week now. "He likes it - looks forward to it ... sometimes," his failier told me; he continued, " 1 iliink it's good for him, especially to condition his body against asilima. " And ilie拢2 .50 each lesson? " It ' s not dear, is it?"

Which Martial Art? NINJITSU: (Dark Strike): mvolves techniques such as dislocating yourself: assassins: not taught at O.A.C. KUNG-FU: earliest documented Martial Art (2,500 years ago)" not taught at O.AC


SHOTOKAN KARATE: mvol ves a serious amount of conditioning ilie body to an ultimate fitness GOJURYU KARATE: also one ofilie hardest: quite a few women (because it is not so regimented or macho.) KENDO: low on women: sword art: aggressive: Japanese and male orientated: equipment can be expensive and men tend to get more obsessed llian women. JUDO: ol)-mpic sport: variety ofllirows and holds: groundwork: power-based. HAPKIDO: Korean karate: quick reflexes: escape techniques: not power-based as traditional karate is. TAE KWON DO: taught at U .E.A: popular: self-control: defence: kicks/blocks: breatl1ing exercises. AIKIDO: no kicking: not power-based: use your opponent's force to your own advantage: "non-aggressive and therefore always victorious." MUSIDNDO KEMPO: dedication necessary: written examinations included along wiili stays at meditation retreats: Yoga involved: undertaken by monks (only Buddhist ones!): popular wiili women. TAl CHI: oriental form of aerobics/escape techniques/ breathing exercises/body awareness in comfortable correct postures: lightest of Martial Arts: commonly agreed by former aerobics devotees to be better. CHINESE YOGA: external bending and brcatlling exercises to stinmlate ilie acupuncture chrumels: very popular.

By Harry Stockdale and Kym Gonion

What can the Martial Arts do for you? "More than it used to," replied one black-belt When you think about the martial arts, the mind conjures up such figures as Bruce Lee and Jean-Claude Van Dam me jump-kicking over Steven Segal's head! However there is far more to Mushindo Kendo and Tai Chi than immediately meets the eye, as Julian Wilde, Tai Chi instructor at the Oriental Arts centre (one of many in Norwich), will tell you . Julian is maybe in his forties, as fit as a fiddle and proud of it. We met in the bar area of the shoe factory turned oriental fitness centre in a qu1et, wann atmosphere with quite a few people dotted around, laughing and smoking, dnnkingand chatling. It was the sort of place where you could leave your coat on a seat \\ 1thout worrying All of the people arc Martml Arts students and will soon move in to a couple of rooms- it 's Ta1 Ch1 in half an hour. so Juhan hasn't much time before he must go ahead and wann up.''You do a lot of Martial Arts," I observed. looking through a pile of handouts- these you can collectj ust past the showcase of Samurai arms and annour and splayed rice-paper fans. "Don't you think you teach too many?" "We offer the widest range that we can. If you're long-legged yo u do Tae Kwon Do. The different arts take different conditioning: it's like music tastes- look how they varyyou've got gothsand rnvers ... "After a series of questions on the types of courses available to the prospective student, I asked him about the latter's reactions on initial membership. "Generally, when people first come new to the arts, they aren't aware of what course wou ld sui t them. For instance, we lost a lot of women, in particu lar, on the Shotokan course - but if they don't like it, they take up another- Tai Chi or Hap Kido for instance. They more or less find their feet in the end." "You seem quite popular. How many people do you get a week? 300?" "Yeah- maybe more! .... Up to 200 kids sometimes." "And do they join main ly for self-defence?" "No; and it should be emphasized- Martial Arts is not just about self-defence. It's about health and

social reasons, as well as fitness. We' re lucky, we 've a nice atmosphere - people come here and make friends ." Just looking around told me that." Health as opposed to fitness can be the most rewarding benefi t - internal training, conditioning your body and lungs, and alleviating the acupuncture channels." "What are the routes to success?" I wondered. "Practice; more practice; and thirdly practice, practice, practice." That's it? "There's nothing else - practice!"

WomenandMartialArts Three women were interviewed in the Oriental Arts Centre about their reasons for joining. Of ilie iliree women I interviewed, two were involved in Hapkido, and one in Taelcwondo. Lyn Bru1en, an actual instructor of Hapkido, who has been involved for ten years, said iliat ilie initial reason forgetting involved was to learn self-defence, aliliough ilie reasons have now been expanded. Lyn said iliat Hapkido has helped her overcome a lot of iliings she was afraid of, and iliat she now feels much more aware of her physical capabilities - especially in dodgy situations. She also emphasised iliat wiili Hapkido you keep fit " wiiliout turning your brain off' as you do in some fitness classes. The sport involves much self-control and concentration since iliere is a proper technique and form for each move.

Ntcki Baman1, a former aerobics teacher, who has now been involved in Taekwondo for I I years, prefers tl1e sport to aerobics because it has more of a "spiritual side." Even more reasons to get involved were offered by Allison Blake, who , like Lyn, does Hapkido. Allisonjoined initially for self-defence, but said iliat it is also a great way to increase stamina, keep fit, release ilie stress and meet new people. All lliree women said iliat iliere is no differential treatment between men and women in classes. Lyn stressed iliat women who fear iliey may not have enough physical strengili should not worry since ilie sport is based on technique railier ilian strengili. Thus we women have no excuse for not getting involved. A~~ Alii son and Nicki would understand, ilie Martial Arts are not only an excellent way to exercise the body but also the mind.



Sorrv! No houses available at the moment! 0


Concrete issue 017 17 02 1993  
Concrete issue 017 17 02 1993