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17TH JuNE 1992, FREE



NEWS Exclusive photos of new residence rooms Reading University ban the public from gigs Rent strike update



Centre pages look at your travel experiences



Authorities -work for student's release

Protest over hardwood sales

Vegetarians want more than salad: veggie food available on campus


FEARS are growing for the welfare of a UEA student who is being held in Ethiopia after being abducted more than two weeks ago.

Tadella Demeke, an Ethiopian refugee, had returned to Sudan to do research for her MA dissertation, when she was seized by force and taken across the border to her native country of Ethiopia. Christian Aid, who are sponsoring the African visit, now believe Tadella is being held in poor conditions at a military airbase in the

Gondar province of Ethiopia. And Or Ruth Pearson, supervisingTadella in DEV,said that the University received a meassage on Saturday which would seem to confirm this. Officials, however, are still severely concerned forTadella's well-being beea use of her med ical cond ition. "She suffers from very acute and chronic asthma for which she needs daily medication," said Jane Williams, a student on Tadella's course: Gender Analysis in Development. Or Pearson explained that they were tryingtogettheappropriate drug- Ventolin- to Tadella, through the International Red Cross.

Tathlla Dtmeke She also said: "I got a letter from Khartoum in which Tadella said she had permission to carry out her research- she wouldn't have

gone if she'd thought there had been any danger." She added that students ln the school, and throughout the University had been 'shocked and distressed' by the news of Tadella' s detention. Last Thursday a petition of more than 600 names was given to UEA's Deputy Vice Chancellor, to be sent to the Foreign Office. Mike Benson, Information Officer at UEA said, "We are continuing our efforts to get her released unharmed.• Tadella recently featured in a Channel Four programme, 'Sidet Forced Exiles,' and last March gave a talk on women refugees in Sudan, as a part of International Woman's Day.

GOVERNMENT ATTACK ON NUS THE GOVERNMENT is to end compulsory membership of NUS by nearly 1.5 million students In further education, acoording to a report In this week's Sunday Tlmes,writes

Stephen Howard.

Toni Morrison, the great American writer, comes to

UEA SPORT A special look at sporting facilities, both on and off campus •'

The report says that education Secretary John Patten will be introducing legislation to end what he sees as the "last closed shop". Further details will be Issued later In the year, but lt 111 undentood that the legislation wlll ban the block grants to NUS from individual Unions, and instead allow only "'subscriptions'' from individual students on a voluntary basis. Currently the Union of UEA Students funds the national NUS by about £23,000 a year, paid in a lump sum from the money received from the University.

At other universities and polys

dents at each establishment. The Government Is understood to be angry at NUS political activities, even though this amount to only 0.75% of their expenditure, acrording to the Governments own report Into the matter. CAMPAIGNS

Colin Browning: 'sadthntd' around the country, the contributions range from £50 to f.HJ,rxJJ depending on the number of stu-

Recent campaigns have Included the 'Target 7(1 campaign. where NUS lobbied in 70 marginal constituencies against Tory policies on Student Loans and benefit entitlement When told of the report on Sunday afternoon, Union Welfare Officer-elect, Col in Browning said he was "'saddened" by the news. Asked whether he thought students would makevoluntarycon-

trlbutions he said "' doubt lt in rrost places; students have enough problems finding cash". Without block contributions, individual student unions would Initially be better off, but according to Colln this would soon be eaten away *We would have to employ more staff to cope with an increased workload, and wouldn't have theadvantagc oh centralised billing service". One aspea of the move that will directly affect all students Is the future of NUS commercial ann NUSSL, which negotiates national discounts with key suppliers of Union run shops and bars around the country. Presently the organisation Is

Turn to page 2, Col. 1


Government attack on NUS Continued from page 1 linked closely with NUS itself, and itsbenefltsareonlyopento NUS members. Clearly if NUS is much diminished in size the organisation will have to adapt or fold. A successor is "possible but not likely" according to Colin. Students would also lose the national representation that NUS currently provide in the form of lobbying MPs and campalgningata national level. SUPPORTERS Supporters of NUS cite successes such as the four main British banks pulling out of the Student Loans scheme after NUS pressure. Those lesssupportive though often talk of "NUS doing nothing for them" and that NUS "Doesn't appear to have much effect". ]on Rafferty, SYS 3, told me "I think the money (the £23,00 annual affiliation) would be better spent locally". Other students have a differing view. First year Sue Marsh said ''We should belong, there are

certain benefits, even if NUS is not very good at the moment... it's not fair that we should have to pay, the Government is already restricting our grants". Nobody from the Government was available for comment. But Laura Matthews, an NUS spokeswoman, was able to tell us that the Eel ucation Department had confirmed the report early on Sunday morning. INAPPROPRIATE She argued that the move was !nap propria te. She explained that "students could change NUS from within, or colleges can disaffiliate" if they were unhappy with the services they were receiving from NUS. She was unable to make further comment until she had received what she called "concrete proposals" from the Education Department. The matter is expected to be raised in Parliament later this week.

Rent strike to go ahead Union will door drop residences in a bid for strike support

, /. /



Polly Graham THE UNION will now definitely go ahead with a rent strike in protest of a five and a half percent increase in the cost account, we'll have nothing to barof cam pus accommodation.

gain with", said Jason Ions, ComA leaflet will be door-dropped to munications Officer. He calculated that if no one paid every university residence in a bid to raise support for the protest. their rent for one term the UniverThe leaflet claims that the increased sity would loose a massive £700,000. rents will be used to foot the University'sbill for the new residences, in the form of a £1,550,000 loan it CATERING STRIKE has arranged with Barclays Bank. The union are going to request They are also proposing a univerthat students pay this year's priced sity catering strike, because addirent of £30.70 per week into a rent tional money raised from the Resistrike bank account. dences Account is used to clear any "If we don't have the money in an deficit in the Catering Account.


nt lane £1 admission £1 . 50 wit

the ss

card id scenes • 2djs • live r u I e s

er native

Last year, the catering servIce made a loss which was made up by accomodation money. The University catering outlets include The Bowl, The Diner, Breakers, and The Sainsbury Centre. Jason Ions said, "Only in this way will atudents be able to put enough pressure on the University to change Its ways. If our voice is Ignored at University committees, then we must use direct protest"

Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992


Thatcher's children alive and kicking A RECENT survey conducted by the TSB bank shows that young people are more sodally conscious than their parents The study shows that the majority of the 600 12-19 year olds interviewed were deeply concerned about the environment, the current lack of jobs and wanted to see an end to all war. This is a marked contrast to the endearingly termed Thatcher's child' whose major concern was

their own future, rather than the future oft he environment. Thluu ~ vey suggests an end to the notorious Thatcher's child. John Street, a lecturer in SOC, is not convinced that the Thatcher's child has disappeared. He pointed to the recent schools elections held during the general election, where schools held mock elections. He said that the results weren't as expected, although Labour won in most cases, The Green Party came

IBy Polly Gralra1n


usually third or fourth. "Young people's voting behaviour during the Thatcher era has not been different from that of their parents. A generation is emerging now that has no memory of a Labour government, they simply aren't Labour's children. A Labour government is as inconceivable as a Liberal Democrat

government to them." Corrlna, a eccond year lllerature student, placed the environment at the top of her list of priorities, adding other social problems such as homelessness and gay rights. All of which are unselfish concerns. She admitted that she was a Thatcher's child, but said that coming to university had opened her eyes to social problems. " I suppose I was Influenced by the Thatcher era. I come from quite a Thatcherite family, so I

didn't really reallae how m.1ch untU

I got to unlverslly." Tim, a third year Art Historian, at 17 can remember the transition from a Labour to Consevative government. He sees a distinct difference between the attitudes of Thatcher's children and people in his own age group. "They sit around and wony about their future and careers, they don't think of more worldwide issues, only about themselves."


UEA RESEARCHERS PRODUCE NEW FIGURES NEW FSilMATES by professors at UEA's Oimatic Research Unit published in last week's Nature magazine, show that global warming will be less severe as originally thought. Professo~igl~y and Dr Rap~ ~Y Gill Fen wick of the Oimatic Research Umt _ have been researching global Dr Raper said, "it Is all very warming for about ten years. complicated, but the carbon di-


Luscious duvets and wonder beds

CONCRETE has obtained these exclusive pictures of what the new residences' rooms will look like when completed In 1993. Lucky freshers will be able to live in the lap o( luxury, with ensulte bathrooms and a wonder bed with a sausage shaped cushIon, which magically transforms it Into a comfortable sofa! Luscious duvets will also replace those scratchy blankets that adorn current campus rooms. Of course all this won't come cheap, the cost of a gorgeous shower all to yourself will be an extra £5 at 1990 prices. The romputer, without keyboard, iS unfortunately not a part of the fixtures. Roger Lloyd, Director of Accomodatlon, says that the rooms are both practical and attractive: "'t was felt that we should build the rooms to the best standard we could afford. "We didn't want them to be dated in 10 or 20 years time."

They have revised the 1990 estimated temperature rise figure of 3.3 degrees centigrade to 2.5 degrees centigrade by 2100. Or Sarah Raper explained that the change in figures is due to new discoveries in their research rather than a previous mistake. Their new estimates have taken into account the sulphate aero:sols which are producing sulphur dioxide and acid rain. These particles are reflecting away the sun's radiation which has a cooling effect, counteracting the green house effect, especially in the Northern Hemisphere.

oxide stays in the atmosphere for about 100 years, so is long-term, whercM the sulphur dioxide particles only stay In the atmosphere for a week and get rained out". However, she does warn that the green house effect could be larger than they anticipate. In the future they .will try to clean up power stations which would help clean up the acid rain, but this again would Increase warming. Even so, the rate of global warming expected over the next 100 years, is about 4 toS times greater than at present.

More state students for Oxford? Uy llclcn Lcwls OXFORD UNIVERSITY'S Student Union has put forward a proposal that would increase the number of applicants from state schools. At present only 42% of Oxford students come from the non-independent sector compared to 60% ten years ago. The aim is to target schools which rarely or have never sent pupils to the University. More than half of the state educated students at Oxford come from the same 144 schools out of 3242 nation wide. However, 65% of A level students from the state sector achieve grades of A and two Bsor better, sufficient to gain entrance to Oxford or Cambridge. The SU President, Tal Michael, said, •

There's a massive bias in terms of who the admission tutors are now letting in and that has got worse over the years." Under the new system application fees of " £10 would be waived and every applicant from the target schools would be guaranteed an interview. Any school which has sent less than three pupils to Oxford In the past three years would be eligible for consideration under the scheme. Mr Mlchaelsald: "We want the university to give state school pupils lower offers to give them a greater incentive to come here." Jane Minto, Communications Chief, said the University was conscious of the need to attractpupilsfromallbackgrounds but said: "We don't have any positive disqimination at Oxford. We admit people Ol\ merit. •


FQR ~l:YIL A MOVE to ban concerts at Reading University has been condemned by UEA's Entertainments Manager, Nick Rayns. Hard hearted Reading officials ahave told the Students Union that gigs will not be allowed unless they become strictly students only.

of the best in the area . Jim Bob, of Carter, said: 1t would be a terrible shame if live music was bar..ned at the University.' EMP described their 1991 concert at the venue as 'brilBut Mr Rayns, who organ- ~--~----------~ liant.' ises similar gigs - for stuReport by Peter Hart Last Monday, Neds Atomic dents and the public- at UEA, . . Dustbin performed a benesaid the ban is 'extremely vert turning up on the doorfit gig at Reading for nothshort sighted.' I le added that step,' he said. Ing after hearing of the situit was like banning students Simon Marsh, Vice-Presiation. Mr Ascott said he from various pubs in the city. dent of Finance in Reading's saw the venue's future as The University, however, Students Union claims out'bright,' if gigs were well claim the public present a siders have always attended organised, and Concrete was security problem and say gigs, which are advertised informed that discussions as they have never been allowed around the city. to the Union's future are to attend gigs. Said Robert And now a number of big currently underway. Ascott, Bursar, 'There are music names, such as EMF, The rontroversial ban romes very und esirab le elements The Milltown Brot hers and during a shake-up of the In theCity-and you'regoing Jools Holland have spoken Union, who have made a loss to get them coming in.' out to try and savethevenue of more than £100,000 over 'We do n' t want any perwhich was fast becoming one t he last two y ears.




PHOTO : Phi/ Vickers

Co-Op preferred bank for Union IN RESPONSE to a renewed call for a boycott of Lloyds and Midland banks the Student Union Is reviewing Its banking policy and negotiating to bring the CoOp bank to the campus as an alternative. The proposal pu t forward by Mark Slmon calls for a "severing of all llnks between the Students Union and Lloyds and the Midland bank'' on the grounds that "these two cu rrently have the largest amou nt of outstandIng debt of the four major high street banks."

By Helen Lewis As reported In Concrete last

term Mr Simon claims that, "People are dying because of Third World debt at the moment. If you bank with one of the four major banks then you are contributing to Third World debt." Saleem Khawaja, Welfare Officer, said that the U nion ban ks with Natwest. "We are reconsidering ou r position and If the CcrOp can offer the same efficiency of services we w ill switch to


them." Negotiations entail the CoOp o pening a bank on campus or falling that, putting a bank machine In the Union House. The CcrOp Is the bank of choice because of their "cih!Cill cnvlronl'lY.nlol policies." Saleem maintained, however, that iftheCcrOp could not provide the same financial services as Nalwest the move wou ld not be undertaken because it would be detrimental to the welfa re programmes run by the Union.

Carter's Jim Bob

Vice-Chancellors want graduate tax UNIVl!RSI'lY vlcCH:hancellors are examining ways of charging tuition fees. This would mean that students would have to pay about£1,000 towards teachIng costs. Students would either pay as studied or defer payment. The latter proposal, which seems the most likely, would involve the Government giving institution's money, then claiming the money back from students in the form of taxes as they graduated. This "graduate tax" system is already in p lace in A u stra lia. M ike Benson, the ln formatlonOffice ratUEA says that there is no plans to charge tuition fees at this university. As fa r as students are conremed, Saleem rerognised that lt may be hard for them to boycott the only two banks which offer Interest free ovel'drofls forlhn duration degree. He sa1d," It's a question of balance. If you are a well off student you can we igh the benefits and afford to take the ethical d ecision. If you need an overdraft the n you can't." The Intended 'victims' have taken a n official line on the proposed boycott.

Dy Charlotte Couse) 'This debate has been going on now for three years and its main purpose is to decide whether it Is politically acceptable for yet another charge to be imposed on students". Mr Benson does not see the threat of students having to pay their fees as a realistic one. He sees it as more of a device to put pressure on the Government to give the universities more money by showing the "no win situation" which they are in. This situa tion has aris en by the Govern ment fo rcing univers ities to e xpa nd, but without giving them enough money to maintain the same quality of education. Lloyds Issued their 'Policy On Third World Debt' statIng that, "We need to balance the actions we take to help those countries against the rt!sponslbllllle~~ we have to our shareholders and ether customers.'' Davld Lubin, a senior manager at the Midland Bank was in America and unavailable for comment. Saleem sald a decision w ill be made soon and if agreed upo n the boycott w lll ta ke place next term.

A RECFNT article ln 'The Times' which leaves UEA off of its list for Civil ServIre fast stream recruits does not tell the whole story, according to John Thutmu\ of the Career Centre. The article, which concentrated mainly on the fact that Oxford and Cambridge made up 41 percent of last year's recruits for the Civil Servire fast stream included a chart of 24 universities and the number of recruits who had graduated from each. UEA was not on that list. Mr Thunnan said that UEA w ould have been on the list if more schools had been featured. While the list !topped with Swansea, from which four recruits had been chosen, UEA last year had three. 'Three successes from UFA Is about what we can expect with rur size compared to other Institutions," said MrThurman. He cited York· a unlversity which he says Ls similar In size and compilation of rourses - as an example. Last year York had no recruits to the Civil Service. Mr Thurman suggested that a lower recruit rate from UEA for the Civil Service fast stream was less a reflection on student success than it was a reflection on their tastes. 'There Is something about the culture at UEA that makes the Civil Service a less attractive career choice," he said. "Our best students w~ld find the BBC or another career option more attractlve than the cream of the crop at Oxford orCarrbidge would ." H e pointed out that last year UEA had the third highest number of recruits to the Diplomatic Service fast stream - third only to Oxford and Cambridge. Mr Thurman said that the Civil Service will be visiting UEA in a fair held this coming November. UEA will be one of six univorallloa to holt thla (air, In an attempt to get more students lnterested ln a Civil Service career. AccordingtoMrThurman, each year the Civil Service recruits approximately 3,(Xl) graduates of all kinds. O f those 3,000, 150 are selected fo r the fast stream. Melissa Weilatul


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Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992




Roof protest over hardwood sales ,..---By

Gill Fenwick FIVE members of environmental groups climbed on to the roof of the Dereham Road B&Q last Saturday in protest at the selling of tropical tim-

ics is carried out on a sustainable basis. Da ve, a spokesman for the Rainforest Action group said "We are holding this demonstration today ... to try and stop the Import of timber Into Britain, we hope to

ber. UEA 's Rainforest Action Group together with Norwich Friends of the Earth also handed out leaflets to customers at the door, asking them to sign a petition. Within three and a half hours they had more than 200 signatures. The five members on the roof had climbed up at 6 am Saturday morning and slept until 10 am when they rolled down massive banners in front of the shop, much to the surprise of the shop's managers. B&Q is one of the largest D.I.Y dealers in Norwich, and it also buys Its timber from tropical forests which are in danger of being totally destroyed. Twelve and a half million acres of tropical rainforest are deetroyl!d by commercial logging every year, and only 0.2 percent of timber production in the trop-

present a list of demands to the manager of B&Q, we want them to ban the selling of timber at all their B&Q stores, and to talk with usaboutall the issues involved". B&Q do work in conjunction with the World Wildlife fund, and they say that by 1995, all their wood that is sold will be from sustainable sources, but the Action group st?e this as being too late. The Action Group have pro-

tested outside B&Q regularly this term, but the presence of people on the roof and the banners, forced B&Q to call the police in. The manager at one point tried to force a banner from the protesters, but failed. He shouted that the land was private property, and that they were all trespassing. At about 11 am, the police and the manager spoke to Kath McNaulty, a spokeswoman for the groups. She gave the manager the list of demands and a letter for Alan Knight, who is in charge of environmental issues at B&Q, and they in turn demanded that the people on the roof come down, or they would be arrested. Kath said that they were quite happy to back down: ''We've got articles In the press, we've got photographs in the press, we've got broadcasts on radio, we've got our message through to customers, and we've given our letters to the manager."' Bob, the president of the Action Committee, after he came down from the root, said that ht? thought they'd achieved "quite a lot of publicity"'.

Students to go on l!rPen expeditions By Jim Stet1enson UEA is sending 4 groups of students to foreign locations, such as Bolivia and the High Andes, to carry out environmental research. Theae are only 4 of 92 studen~ adentist teams organisIng overaea expedition• thia year. They are all backed by the Royal Geographical Society. The El Trlunfo Mexico Cloud(orest expedition Is bound fort heEl Triunfo Biosphere reserve to help establish a permanent study into

the regeneration of the local cloudforest - so called due to its high altitude. The Bolivian Puna team will be working high in the Andes mountains to study two rare species of Flamingo. The Flaminso are currently under threat from pollution and increasing destruction of their habitat. Rainforest destruction and habitat loss Is at the moment high on the political agenda duetotheRioEarth Summit being held this month.

However, with the recent economlcslump,manyforelgn expeditions are having difficulty raising funda needed for them. The Tunung Halimun expedition is due to set off in July to Java, but with only 3 weeks to go, they still have about quarter of its budget missing. The Javan study is an attempt to protect the Javan Silvery Gibbon. The fourth expedition Is heading to Turkey to explore and mapcomplexcav~sys­ tems.

Smells like Sound City The Contempory Music Society have organised a week long music festival featuring local and handa. lt will !eature band11111.1ch 1111 The Creation. Endless Drone, Sex Funk and The Nobodys. Although virtual unknowns the organisers think that lt Is about time small bands had a chance to publicise their talents. The glgswUltakeplacefrom Monday to Sunday of week 8. Venues Include The Water-


...·- .... - ·•


front,FifersKblockand The Hive. Organf.oier Ivan Salcedo said,

''()rR•nlalnR thttC'nnt11mpn· rary Music Society }festival has been a personal nightmare. After two months of dealing with Union red tape, student apathy, overgrown egos, including my own. and empty promises. I hope it's all worth it." Bands like Endless Drone, are described as •a nolsey, vibrant, fusion of Pixies, My

Bloody Valentine and Sonic Youth that keep threatenIng to explode." lv~n

hnpCia 11 wlll llfl •

success, bulls aware that it all depends on UFA !ttldents. "'' hope they wlll get off their high horses and support their fellow students this week." The week kicked off on Monday with Cherry, WratchchUd, Mllkshake and the Bo'dans In the the Bill Wllson Room.

DID YOlL ~f"Aj) THAT lt«Tra.S" IN 'c.oAJC.tnr' ON WoMeH'' MiUHION?


IT SAIO THAT I r CAN #ff/.,P / ASSEitTIVENE~S.,. 1""4;~~

r- ·-



Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992



TANDAB Jody Thompson investigates the gay scene at UEA and in Norwich I'll be honest, this article had a very modest conception. I wanted to find out what kind of nightime entertainment was provided for the gay community by way of pubs and clubs. Rather selfishly, my motivation was partly created by a desire to discover if I was missing out on some wild times. On the other hand, I did want to ascertain whether the local environment was favourable towards being openly gay. The University is wellknown as a largely middleclass establishment, and such social categorisation is true for the city as a whole, despite the Labour City Council. Both UEA and the city seem to have an endemic case of middleclartrt pttcudo l<'ft-winH Ideals and opcn-mlndedness. All talk, and no action. Did you know, for example, that the City Council recently took away the funding from The Wornens Centre for allegedly contravening Section 28, and at this time are allegedly taking them to court? Attitudes such as this are reflected in the policies of Eastern Counties Newspapers, who have recently refused to publish adverts containing the words "lesbian", "homosexual" or "gay" on the grounds that they run "family newspapers". The University Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Society (LGB Soc) cite this as "blatant discrimination", and have organised a protest on Wednesday 24th June outside the newspaper's offices. And what of the University? 'Insite' promised to publish an article about Gay Sexual Fantasies over six months ogo. ll has never appeared. Gay Issues are all too infrequently touched uopn in University related media, smacking of an attitude of ignorance, ie "I'm not gay, so why should I bother?" It is possible to dismiss this as symptoma tic of

infamous UEA apathy, the "three monkeys" approach to politics of any shade or hue. Yet some of our students are being more active than you would credit. Lucy, a first year student, told how she always receives abusive comments whilstdoor-d roppingleaflets, particularly at Fifers Lane, where she states there is a real problem, " .. though the University would never acknowledge it."

"We have to work really hard to keep a profile and si1nply let

people ){now that we are here." Many students at the Fifers residences have become desperate at the thought of "coming out" in such a closed community, where the major social activities are macho posturing and beer swilling, and both sexes seem to live social lives dominated by the urge to talk of, think of or procure hot hetero humping action, having just been flung from mother's bosom. Students that have "come out" from undN the p<'N prcMure nre subjected to frequent verbal abuse from

town attitudes and prejudices. Shaunna, also of the LGB Socsaid that ideally, "gay awareness" should extend throughout the year, and not just for one week, as is currently organised. But the University " .. couldn't give a loss about us. The Union's quite happy to just pat us on the head, send us off with some money, and let us deal with it. We have to work really hard to keep a profile and simply let people know that we are here." Despite apparent problems, Shau nna and everyone I spoke to agreed that University is the "safest and easiest place to rome out," and at the very least, most people keep their pn•juJ In~" to th<•m"<'IV<'It. Out apart from the LGB Soc's organized social gettogethers, the University offers little by way of a "scene". I asked the Society wha t they would like to see provided. Said Shau nna : " ... a massive big complex with cinemas, bars and discos .. hahaha! No, even just a room on campus would be great." There are options already available in Norwich concerning nightlife, but these are very divided depending on sex. The Loft, Rose Lane, is !iuppo!i<'d to cat<'r for gay males and females on Thursday, Friday and

"both sexes seem to live social lives dominated by the urge to talk of, think of or procure hot hetero hun1ping action, having just been flung fr<)Jll rnother 's bosorn." "immature bigots", and are often too scared or worndown psychologicaHy to tell anyone. Of course, it is difficult for anyone who has just left home to shake off the shackles of home-

Saturday nights. It is, though, a mainly male domain, with some women beginning to venture down there in small numbers. The music was described variously as "awfu l" and

"camp rave'', and despite being "fairly laid-back" can get a " .. bit hostile if you don't fit into the normal gay stereotype" according to Thomas, " .. but if you don't mind the dirty looks you can freak out." Even at The Loft,aconservativeattitude seems prevalent, and a "cliquey" atmosphere is complained of. Overall? " .. fine if you 're with friends

has changed management and no longer welcomes gays. The same is true of many pubs, leaving only the Lawyer as a local for the gay community which is "friendly", but it does not actively encourage gay customers. The only place to encourage lesbian and gay socializers is the Waterfront Cafe Bar on a Tuesday night,

sons and deliberately flaunt themselves, " ..saying, 1ook how it is to be normal, aren't we brilliant. don't you wish you were like us?'. I wish they'd piss off!". The scene has got marginally better for women recently, but overall, it has contracted. I think parallels can be drawn between the conservativism of Norwich. Inbred narrow-mind-


Gay Night: Tutsday


Tht Waterfront

and drunk .. " . The Attic, Lower Goat Lane, is quieter, and not as "cliquey", but is predominantly male. A pub-like place, it is open Sunday and Tuesday evenings.

Photo: Pttt!r Hart

which also attracts a proportion of heterosexuals, something that provokes mixed reactons. Lucy said that her ideal is that eventually ",,everyone will be able to have a good time

Oydlrcctconlro!!l, Th<' Roe-

wllh everyone clS<!, hctoro

buck, Southwell Road, Is a mainly female venue. A "really friendly" place, it runs a host of entertainments on various nights. Karaoke is "a scream" ,and the Country & Western night is very popular, being as it is, quite a cult among lesbians at the The Norfolk moment. Dumpling also has a lesbian Country &. Wc"lcrn night once a month, and Is situated near the Norwich cattle market, an in-joke that causes mass hilarity amongst the Soc's lesbians. But the trend amongst Norwich lesbian/ gay pubs has been to "turn" against it's regular clientele. The Cricketers, once THE gay pub,

or gay .. " whereas others saw bonuses in sexual separatism. As Shaunna says,

"There's not that many bigots out there on the

streets" "'s easy to resent the heteros of a sort you're trying to escape from."' The Talk, Oak Street, runs alesbian night every Friday, and is often infiltrated by such heterosexuals, who, according to Shaunna, go there for purely voyeuristic rea-

edness breeding lack of understanding breeding fear breeding discrimination. Has AIDs made things worse? It seems that both lesbians and gays have been tarred with the samo brush of Ignorance!, despite the facts, stifling the gay scene. Norwich appears as not blissfully ignorant, but wilfully ignorant. UEA included, overshadowing the population who are positive in their attitudes. This was outlined by Lucy. "I gave out condoms In town ono Saturday - tho day after Fredd le Mercury died -and I only got one abusive comment all day. There's not that many bigots out there on the streets. Unfortunately, they are the one's in power, or write for the newspapers people buy, read, and believe."' Not this time I hope.

Vegetarians want more than just salad VEGETARIANS, who used to be a small minority, are now part of a growing trend - especially amongst students, writts Gill Ftmwick. This Is mainly because of the ethics Involved when it comes to the eating of animals, but also because meat is seen as a luxury that many students can't afford. Although some of you who enjoy a nice rare steak now and again, might be critical of fanatic vegans and animal lovers - not all vegetarians fit In with this stereotype.

"It's easy enough to produce vegetarian meals" As Andy Ward (DEV) proves, "I'm a rugby player, and people see vegetarians as being wimpy or puny- but I'm not". And those of you who know Andy, may be Inclined to agree!! Despite the reasons for being a vegetarian, about 25% of UEA students are non-meat eaters; but is this reflected in the catering? Most answer ''No". Merlel Beale (AHM) thinks vegetarian food oncampusls "really bad. Its okay If you want a snack, but there is little

choice". Students are critical of The Diner, saying that it is expensive, only one hot vegetarian meal is on offer each day, and there should be more choice. Roger Hawkes, the University Catering Services manager, recognizes that "what we're doing is not sufficient, I think we can do more". With pressure from his vegetarian secretary, Mr Hawkes Is aimIng to Improve the selection. 'We are nominating one of our chefs to research vegetarianism. It's easy enough to produce vegetarian meals, but we're working on a commercial basis." Ideas from students included "nut cutlets, lentil or mushroom roast" and more variety than just salad and cheese. Vegans, however, have more problems, since they eat no dairy produce ei-

try to put a full vegan menu on, but then you're talking about a lot more work and a big change in the way we purchase items", but, he added, "it didn't take off as we'd like it to ... so we went back". Perhaps if he were to try it again the growl ng number of vegans and vegetarians would be more appreciative. He insisted "we do take it seriously, because vegetarians feel very strongly about their diet". Being the recipients of the Heart Beat Award this year, The Diner has been encouraged to Improve their Healthy Options, which will be highlighted by a ''big splash next year. It'll take us that long to get it into place". Most of the vegetarians I talked to, claimed to have felt healthier since giving up meat, and Andy Ward Is Idealistic In his view that "there would be more food available in the world if everyone was vegetarian".

''I'm a rugby player, and people see vegetarians as being wimpy or puny - but I'm not" ther. Tina Cooper (AHM) feels that vegans are "not catered for at all" at UEA. She became a vegan last year but has now lapsed back to vegetarianism, because ''being a vegan takes a lot of will power, which I do not have, but it was easier at home." Mr Hawkes defends The Diner, "last year we did

Chrls Manning (MAP) Is a vegetarian, not wholly for humanitarian reasons. "Someone bet me that I couldn't be a vegetarian for a week. During that week, I decided that it was unnecessary to eat meat". - that was 7 years ago! Rachel llyams (SOC) has been a vegan for about one week, ''because I'm allergic

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to dairy products" but she was a vegetarian for 8 years before that. She commends SASSAF because lt has vegan food. Shelley Wright was brought up as a vegetarian, '1 had chicken once, but I didn't like it, there is more variety and taste in vegetables". Talking about campus catering, one can not forget

the famous Fifers Lane breakfast. The vegetarian alternative there is fruit, yogurts, toast and veggie burgers. Howevee, Rebecca Saraceno (EAS) grimaced at the mention, "the veggie grills are disgusting and greasy", she told me. Considering the way animals are treated, transported and killed - which

has been highlighted by the press and by Animal Rights groups, are we meat-eaters so hardhearted? Helga Gibbons (EUR) mighthaveadletcategory of her own, since she does not eat vegetables and only meat! - well, I suppose it takes all kinds to make up the world - even if they are all at UEAI

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Easing the deadlines- the social acceptability or a Freudian need? Sue McManus says each cigarette takes 5.5 minutes of your life, so why do we do it?


"It's the phallus--like quality that I enjoy," commented a friend when asked his views on smoking. This was clearly not the sort of response the organisers of recently staged, "World No Tobacco Day/ would wish to hear. It is interesting that the doctrin.;! of the health-conscious 1980s has deemed smoking dangerous and socially unacceptable. Yet_ many people, though aware of the perils of smoking, continue to do so. The habit Is often justified as being 'enjoyable' and helpful in easing feelings of stress,particularly when "essays are due for 9am the next morning." I can sympathise with these feelings. Being asthmatic, I crave for a pint rather than a 'Marlboro' and have often wished 'StronRbow' wa!l av11llabl(! In packel!! of 20, easily accessible at 2am to relieve my pangs of boredom. Getting free from addiction is tough - especially in the student environment which is unrepresentative of the attitudes in the 'big wide world.' There, smok-



//1 WJI 1/t Ill./'

ing easilyoffendsand even limits job opportunities. A moral apartheid is now in operation. Smoking and non-smoking areas in public places are rigidly segregated. Increasingly in the working world smokers are treated with hostility and are grouped together to share communal facilities. Yet the dangers of smok-

Getting free from addiction is tough, especially in the student environment which is unrepresentative of the attitudes in the 'big wide world' ing can not be ignored. Health literature quotes a series of terrifying statistics; "40% of heavy smokers (20 a day) will die be-

fore retirement age.H "In Britain lung cancer kills over 24,000 people a year." In more graphic and immediate terms, this means that every cigarette a person smokes takes 5.5 minutes off his/her life. It makes intellectual sense to give up. Smokers I have talked to admit they would save,inmostcases,between 拢10-20 a week, not to mentiontheirhealth. Theyeven agree that the social stigma attached to the habit is justified. The consensus welcomed moves to ban smoking from restaurants and workplaces a~ it wa!l agreed it waA unfair to impose the dangers of tobacco on the non smoker. However, the more

"It's the phallus-like quality that I enjoy"

subliminally ease people into smoking. Even today not all cigarette boxes carry government health warnings.

sclous? It Is unlikely too that the justifiable concerns of passive smokers have also left the average smoker totally unaffected. Does

"40% of heavy smokers (20 a day) will die before retirement age. In Britain lung cancer kills over 24,000 people a year." Is it improbable that some of the morbid statistics quoted earlier have not also found their way Into the ~moker's Rubcon-

enjoyment of tobacco outweigh the risks? It is more likely that smoking in student communities is paradoxically given a degree of


social acceptability. Perhaps the cliched phrase, "smoking is coolH still carries some weight around campus. Does this perhaps suggest 'World No Tobacco Day" would be misappropriated among students? For whatever your moti ves for smoking, whether they be to soothe nerves when faced by deadlines, for enjoyment, social acceptability or even to fulfil some Freudian need, this had better be a phase quickly abandoned before your ultimate deadline occurs sooner that you think .....

路J:s1 JI\Jif'J(g

CA..R.IBBE.A.N militant smoker thought freedom of choice a priority and that after a meal a smoker should be able to relax too. Many people don't admit to having a dependency. Two friends who recently gave up are lately experiencing difficulties in resisting their former addiction. One insisted he had given up but would "just like one more cigarette" and then proceeded to coerce a smoker friend into donating a cigarette. As a sagacious 20-a-day man lamented, "the saddest smoker is a closet smoker." Denying your dependency ill (lil!lil}' juttllfiNJ by pllltlludcs such as, "I could give up any time I wanted to" and "I've started smoking again ... in a small way.H Does this sound familiar? Great determination is needed to 'kick the habit.' Peers, advertising, and human weakness fuse to


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Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992

Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992


ravel •






Gill Fenwick encourages you to take the plunge and travel somewhere exciting this summer Summer is approaching, what do the next 3 months hold in store for you? Shelf-filling in Tesco,'... or perhaps something a little more exotic? 1\vo weeks lying on a golden beach, working on a kibbutz, discovering continents, or if you need some money, looking after a coup le of brats in a European capitol. To me, being a stu-

dent is a chance to do all those things you dreamed about at schoo 1, regardless of the overdraft. Many people managed to fit in a bit of travelling before they came to university, but those of you who didn't, now is the time to seize that opportunity. Three months is long enough to eam some money, as well as take that well- needed holiday.

PAULA ON WORKING IN A KIBBUTZ Last summer I visited a kibbutz in Israel as a workIng volunteer. The people who work there (Kibbutzniks) as well as the volunteers, workforthecommunity,sotherearenoindividual wages as such- each member is provided with all they need. Kibbutz is a great way to meet people. I worked with voluntc.oera from South Africa, the America's and several Europeans. The I<ibbutznik.s are friendly, helpful and informative; and surprisingly unprejudiced against non-jews like myself. Language is not a problem, since they all speak English fluently, yet they were happy to teach me some Hebrew. The working day consisted o( about 6 houra, 1tartlnR at around 4-5 am and finishing at lunch, when it just gets too hot. It sounds hard, but the work is really fun as its communal and you can choose what you want to do most of the time. There is a lot of agriculture - picking dates, bananas,


grapes, sweetcorn etc and there is also work in the dining rooms, kindergarten, garden, and factory. There is plenty of time for sightseeing and shopping, in the afternoons and you have 3 days off a month. Kibbutzim are well provided with entertainment facilities, swimmins, tennl.s, and football; and the bar is almost always open. Parties and discos are arranged, and the bar is active. The Kibbutznlks tend not to drink much, but the volunteers make up for them,and nobody seems to care about only having about an hour or two of sleep before getting up for work. I would reeommend a kibbutz for anyone who fandes an oriRinal experience. ~--------------~ If you want more Information, contact me through Wllson EAS 1 or write toe KIBBUTZ Reps lA Accommodation Rd Gold era Green London

clded to go to Paris- again a new experience for me. I booked a seat on the coach (definitely the cheapest way to get there - £59 return), packed my rucksack and left.

GILL GOES SKBNG IN THE ALPS AND NANNYING IN PARIS Working in a ski resort was snowboard, in one of my an experience I'll never more courageous moforget, I'd never skiied ments), but I would have before, yet by the end of to admit to not being sorry four months, l was jump- - I was knackered from the Ing off-piste and daring red whole routine; working, skiing and drinking left little and black runs. The chamber-maiding was time for sleep! Not all Ski Resorts are something I'd never like to repeat, but the waltresslng ·open in the summer, but was fun, I met a varied there are still jobs going, groupofpeople,and made I'd advise you to go into a friends who l hope always travel shop, pick up all the akl brochure• and wrllo oCE to ke~e~p in touch with. A twisted knee cut my job to all the companlei. short (I took the plunge to After resting my knee, Id~

JOANNETELLSABOUT THE HIGHLIGHTS OF INTER-RAILING In 1990 a friend and I spent 4 weeks travelling around Southern Europe. We began our trip in France with approximately £500 and an Inter-rail pass (£150). During the month for which the card was valid, we experienced the delights of Nice, Rome, Athens, I<ythmos, Venice, Vienna and more. You could basically take it asqulcklyor as slowly as you wanted to. We met fellow lnter-Railers who were 'doing' adtyperday and others who were dividing their time between only 3 or 4 cities. I found it best to spend


Generally, accommodation was not too hard to come by (even at the height of summer) and averaged about £5 per night. We tended tostayin Youth Hostels, or alternatively, there is always the station floor. Food was often cheap (especially In Greece) and gave us no problems, except for a rather dodgy Big Mac in Berlin. I think what appealed to me most about Inter-RailIng was the complete freedom; not just the freedom of knowing that parents are hundreds of miles away, but the freedom of just being able to hop Impulsively on

nbout J dny~t In ~nch plttcCl


so that you could rest from theexhausting (often overnight) train journeys and really get acquainted with the city. After a couple of weeks ofacityaday, your memories of each place seemed to merge into one.

destinaUon you choose with no worry about cost. The other major attraction is the number of interesting people that you meet; you are guaranteed to go home with wonderful memories and a bulging address book.

trnln to J>rnctknlly any

ARRIVAL Arriving in Paris at6 am, I went looking for the Tourist Office to get a map, tried to suss the metro system, rang around Youth Hostels and went to the American Church to look for a job (it has a bulletin board with job offers and accommodation - mainly {or {orelgn sludentJ), I de!clded on nannylng, since it offered accommodation

and food as well as pay. I arrived on Wednesday, had interviews on Thursday and Saturday, was offered a job on Monday, and moved In on Friday. -I stayed therefor4months -which Included a 2-week holiday In Carcassonne • and enjoyed every minute (well nearly). I had a lot of time off from the kids and took the opportunity to wander dreamily around Paris and to visit all the famous sights. Although I can't promise such luck and a nice family to everyone, I would advise you to juat 'Go for lt',

nothlng exciting happona

I travelled to Russia In Oc· tober 1990, as soon as I stepped into the plane (Aeroflot), I could feel Russia; it has an individual pungent smell. When I got to Russia, I could not believe the system of transport, it was so outdatoo. The only vehicles there were Ladas. The traffic system is appalling. The roads are really uneven and there are craters of about 1/2 a foot all along the routes. The Underground is a tourist place to go, it is so beautiful and clean, there are murals on the ceilings



ln life unless you take a couple of risks.

SARAH TRAVELLED ~HROUGH THE FAR EAST When thinking about what I was going to do when I left school, all I knew was thatl really wanted to visit India. I met up with a friend from college who had the same idea, and we booked a flight which left us virtually free to go wherever we wanted, whenever we wanted. (London to Dom· bay via Muscat ls£419 before June 3> 1992, and £488 after June 30) We stayed in India for about two and a half months; we travelled by local transport. bus or train, to the Southern tip and back to Bombay to go north to Rajisthan. The differences between North and South wctro amazing, from what people ate, the clothes they wear to their mannerisms. To give you an idea of the cost, a 29-hour journey on a sleeper, wasabout£3.50. Bus travel is cheap as well, providing you can stand the chickens and pigs and


children vomiting out the front window! From India we visited Singapore which was a massive culture shock - it was spotless! You could get fined £50 for not flushing the loo in Mac~onalds!l Singapore was expenSive and had little character. Hitching through Malaysia to Thailand wu quick and easy. Thailand was hot, humid and quite touristy, but the villages in the north seemed untouched We stayed with the hit tribes and then made our way back to Singapore for the journey home. Its a perfect thing to do if you' ve got 6 months off For a summer trip though

I'd recommcmd ooly ono country at a time because there is so much to see and experience. It is up to you whether you want the greater rewards with the tough trav elling in India, or the 1aid back', 'easy' life of Thai land.

One of the things that etruck

tlae their English. TravelUng

me most whUet travelUng in Southern Africa was the totally relaxed way of Ufe that

on local transport can be at best problematic. There are, u far u I saw, no bu~ timetables. Inetead, long dietance buees simply go when they are fulll However, the buses are perfectly adequate if you are not in any hurry and are by far the best way of meeting the local people, which Is of course what travelUng le all about. I travelled through Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa. and Botswana during the cool (Mediterranean summer temperatures) and dry months between Aprtl

mostofthelocal~plelead .

Time isn't really a concept that these people take very aeriously and thls attitude tends to Nb off on you as you travel through their country. FRIENDLY Because of this relaxed outlook, they are also very wann, friendly people and are al-

ways delighted for any excusetotake a break and prac-

and September. The wellknown tourist attractions such as the Okavango swamps in Botswana and the VIctoria FaDs on the Zimbabwe/Zambia border are well reheal'8ed in rippb\g tourists off, but are none the less definitely worth visiting.

However, it ls also very important, I believe, to get out o£the usual tou ristareas and explore the other less known sites such as Lake Malawi or the Chlmanimani mountains in Zimbabwe, where you will . ~ much more of the real Africa.


TRAVEL-HITCHHDONG The popular myth of ending up in a van of psychos on a full tank, ls prooably the biggest deterrent to would-be hitchers. Though, on a first lift, when a eeemlngly genteel doctor beglna loosening hia tie, you quickly.wonderwhyyou got into a 2-door car. In reality, you're surer to suffer from terrible driving. On our hitch to Paris, we got ~crazy who didn't believe in getting back on the left when he overtook. And, near Dover, our lorry driver looked like some

swamp-creature; he wu carrying explosives from Saudi Arabia. was legless from the night before, and his lorry nicknamed 'the Beasr wu on its last journey from Europe, the brakes were so bad I The beat part to hitching are the strange characters you come across. Most are lorry drivers or single businetl8men. In just an hour, you can really· delve into their world; learning the strange lorry driver language used over the CB radios (Police car: Jam sandwich. PoliCE motorcyclist: EvU Kneival), a blldnied woman

1 J

on the dashboard tells it all. Some cars are pretty hi-tech. and the drivers want you to know about it. 'Stereoman' was equipped with nine and a hall thousand pounds worth

people In the street were friendlier than In Moscow. Food and accommodation is very cheap. For 86p, I bought a BigMac,2 Cheeseburgers, 4 large fries and a milkshake in MacDonalds. The exchange rate changes so drastically so quickly. I would encourage any· one to go there, it was the most moving experience of my life. You come back with the feeling of having crossed a barrier of culture, language and mutual disrespect and of making contact with people of a totally different world. It really widens your horizons.

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He casually drew attention to them by playing with the volume, switching the sound to 'live', then 'stadium'. My friend wu getting her ears boxed around in the back. Hitchhiking In Britain is pretty easy. . If you've got a clear sign and a good position, its unusual to wait longer than half an hour.

and there Is silence on the trains - no one talks! The most interesting thing about Russia Is the culture, the olde'r generation is so afraid o'f speaking to you. The oppressive, totalitarian state of Stalin in the 1930's has not been eradicated from the older generation. There Is no smiling. I travelled around Moscow and then to LenIngrad (now St Petersburg). The atmosphere between the two cities is really different Leningrad is much more relaxed and the city is beautiful, ordinary


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Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992

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-- ~



Drugs, drink .... and music It's summertime! Jody Thompson, Daniel Halprin and John Barton go in search of the beer tent FESTIVALS are seen by some as rites of excess or massrebellions against the stifling nature of dvtll9ed society. The UK produces so many festivals, perhaps because the British are so nostalgic of the past, and because they enjoy

any chance to have one drink too many. Festivals such as Castle Malt, Glastonbury, Reading and Felle offer three days and nights of music, hundreds of bands, free condoms (occasionally), and more beer and

food than the Diner sells In a month. This may sound great to the youth of today, but older people tend to stir up an unnea!SSary storm They claim that fe!tivals have decayed Into outdoor beer halls masquer-

adlng as celebrations of the

past. Where are the Ideals, the protest songs and communal spirit of the old days, they uk. The festivals are just an excuse to get pl.ssed. Bands playing at this year's

festivals Include Primal Screan\, the Wonder Stuff and Nirvana which might make these crltlc:s realise that the lack of purposefulness at past festivals had more to do with the eighties apathy than the festivals themselves.

I suggest that the critics might attend a presentfestlval themselves, Instead of glorifying the past. I do not see any harm In a drink or two, after all. evetythlng goes down better with a plntl

Daniel Halprirt

Reading Festival Preview

IJody T!~mpson I

Tlte 'Strawberry Fayre' at Cambridge


Aahh, summertime. Blue skies, dazzling sun. the gentle pock-pock of the tennis courts, sipping iced Pimms on the lawn. and lazy picnics by boating lakes. Is this what summermeanstoyou? Then you obviously haven't lived, sunshine. How does a hedonistic orgy of beer, music, comedy, sunburn, campfires and general gleeful debauchery grab you? NOW you're talking. The festival season has already begun, and surely the prince. nay, the rrother o( them all Is the Reading Festival. my own personal favourite. Despite Initial setbacks due to bickering between promoters. the little lovers' tiff has now been resolved, and it's full steam ahead to the August Bank Holiday Weekend. Though there are still some acts to be confirmed, the line-

up Is chock-a-block with top names, the usual heady rocktall drawing from all areas of rontemporary music. I' m sure you don't need telling, but If you can, go for the whole weekend if you haven't before. Everyone I've ever known who has only been on a one-day ticket has felt cheated. You simply can't savour the atmosphere. There's nothing better after a whole day of watching the poppermost of bands than sitting round a wood fire, dillCUsslng who was good and who was crap, and getting blitzed on copious amounts of alcohol. Even not having a proper bath for over three days Is a small price to pay for the fantastic fun to be had. You would be well advised to take some of your own food, as it Is not cheap to buy food In the arena, and take a supply of bin-bags to sit on ln case it rains. Apart from that, just let yourself go, and forget your creature romforts. H

you want to get a good campIng site, get there early on the Thursday. Oh. and by to practise levitating over toilet seats before you go. The lava become less than savoury as the weekend progresses. You have been warned. Have fun! Highlights inchuk: FRIDAY: Wonderstuff.. Charlatans, PJ llarvey, Mllltown Brothers, Levltaton. Lunachlcks ,Mark Lamarr, Hugh Lennon. SATURDAY: PubUc Enemy, Ride, EMF, Manlcs, Bufallo Tom, BAD 11, Suede., Splrltu· allzed, Mark llunt, Tommy Cockles. SUNDAY : Nirvana, Nick Cave, Mudhoney, Fannles, Beastle Boys, Curve, CahteJ'o ine Wheel, Shonene Knlfe, Frank Skinner, John Hegley

OTHER FESTJYALS; GlAstonbury 26,27,and 28

June, Slough Slit 25th July, Csmtbridge Folk FutiNl 31 ]uly,1 & 2 AugllSt, and, of course, Ruding 28,29, and


Earlham's cultural extravaganza Attendance figures were

events worldwide." Apart

e~ to druble at thitl year's

to bridge the cultural divide.

of music from the dome, the

from putting Norwich on the

Exprr.~tlllon wo11 alldivr.ntr.o~t

b111111 line

" r World Jlestlval" compared to the 5000 who turned out In the rain twelve months ago. WelL the sun shone and people fkx:ked from all around Norwich and UEA. The festival, In the words of Arthur Clare, the Lord Mayor,"wlll help to bring Norwich a little closer to the multitude of cultures that

mao lt also served a char!table function. Many large (and small) charities were present such as Amnesty International and Green peace. Local Interests were represented In charities like St. Martins Housing Trust which provides for the homeless In Norwich. Festivals such as these seek

the countries therreelves. lhe Far Eastern countries demonstrated martial arts sush as Alkldo, the Naga Trading Company displayed intricate Burmese lacquerware and carvings, while another exposed the powerful visual art ofTanzania. The visual spectacles were forcibly rorrblned with waves

m.udc around the festival The dorre, a wooden~ atru~ ture, played host to a series ci "world" nusidans. Eclipse, a steel band, was appredation from the amassed seated spectators as did Sumaj Rumt from Bolivia who created a superb South American sound with musical pipes. Ambush provided the reg-


and othrr

gae contingent and were a hit with the audlenct. The felltlval was principally about enjoyment especially for the huge numbersof kids that were present. Face panting and carousels attracted many as did the Tom Tom Troupe which gave a grounding In many circus skills such as plate spinning, walking on stilts and balancing acts. Bemused parents looked on.

I came away from the place

with a optlmlMk: outlook. Thll type ot event en only promote greater understanding. In a time where ronfllctlng increase awareness and bring people closer together. In the words of Arthur Clare,"our planet eartg wut not be our world until the barrier of race and prejudice are finally broken down ... folut B11rfort



Concrete , Wednesday, Ju ne 17. 1992


FILM LISrfiNGS UEA, Lecture Theatre One!Two, 7pm. Adml11lon £1.75 (67pm,.UH foyer) JUNE Thu 18:MyCirl Fri I9:Man In The Moon Sun 21 /M on 22:Rocketeer Thu 25 :Delicatessen Fri 26:The Favour, The Watch and The Very Big Fish Sun 28/Mon 29:Hot Shots CANNON- Tel 623312 Adm£3.40 UP UNTIL AND INCLUDING THURS JUNE 18 Screen l:Wayne's World (PC) at 1.20, 3.40, 6.00, 8.20 Screen2:SplltSecond (18)at 1.40, 3.50, 6.1 0, 8.30 Screen 3:The Hand That Rocks The Cradle (15) at 2.40, 5.40, 8.20 but not Thur 18 Thurs 18: Pro!lpt!ro!l Book (15) al 2.30, 5.45, 8.1 5 Screen 4:Medlclne Man (PG) at 1.20, 3.45, 6.00, 8.25

ODEON- Tet 0426 932450 Ad m 0.401£2.50 atdta untll6pm weekdays UP UNTIL AND INCLUDING TIIURS JUNE 18 Screen l:Lawnmower Man (15) at 1.15, 5.20, 7.45 Screen 2:Basic Instinct (18) at 1.30, 5.10,7 50 Screen 3Stralght Talk (PG) at 1AO, 3.30, 5.20, 8.10

CINEMA CITY· Tet 622047 Adm £BO 1tdta, £3.50 Frllate

JUNE Until Wed 17: R.arrbling Rose (15) at 5.45, 8.15 and Tues mat at 2.30 Thur 18 to Sat 20 Les Valseuses (18) at 5.45, 8.15 and Thur mat at 2.30 Sat 20:The BR; (U) at 2.30 Mon 22 until Sat 27:The Double Life Of Veronlque (15) at 5.45, 8.15 with Tues and Thur mat at 2.30. Fri 26:Fatal Attraction (18) at 11.00 Sat 27:Asterix the Caul (U) at 230 Sun 28:Trop llelle l'ourTol (18)at 7.30 Untll Wed lst:Urga (PG) at 5.45, 8.15

NOVERR E· Tet 630128 Phone for prices JUNE Mon 15 • Sat 20: The Last Boy Scout (1 8) at 5.45, 8.1 5. Wed/Sal ma t at 2.30 Mon 22 • Sat 27: I look (U) telephone for times. Whilt




effurt is madt to accwracy of these

listings, you art ad-oistd to telephone t~ -oen~~e to check before you lu'Ot I

Film Turtle Beach

UEA Films Preview


Money may talk in Hollywood, but Delicatessen is proof that it has a far weaker voice when the French come to make quality cinema.

Reviw ed by Melissa Weiland T here are times, w hen watc hing a fi lm, that I feel as if I ca n see a ll of its strings; when the entire spectacle becomes a poor puppet play. Watching 'Turtl e Deach,' a new political d ra ma starring C reta Scacch i and Joa n Chen, I fel t, agai n and again, that I could see w hat th e fil m w as trying to accom plish, but tha t it missed th e mark entirely. Dased o n an acclaim ed no vel by A ustralian, Blanched ' Alpuget, 'T urtle Reach' i ~ th e Rlory of tw o women from differe nt worlds fo rced together by politica l circumstance. Jud ith W il kes (Scacchi), the terribly eager photojournalist, leaves her estranged husba nd a nd two children behind in Australia in order to cover a story about Vietnamese Doat People in Malaysia. Once there she trails Lady Minou llobday (Chen), the terribly Inspirationa l second -wife (and exconcubine) of the Australian ambassador to Malaysia. In trying to save the Doat People from rough treatment in Malaysian holding camps, as well as from the swords of the hungryfor-sacrifice Mala ysian villagers, Judith and Minou learn about each other and themselves. Or so the story goes . All in one film , Judith-the-terribly-eager-photojournalist learns not to use people for the mere purpose of getting a news story, not to impose western values on Eastern society, and not to resign herself to the role of 'cold career woman' and 'caricature feminiRt.' There are a number of prob-


!ems with this moral set-up, however. First, Judith and Minou's relationship is never as antagonistic as it is supposed to be at the start of the film, and it is never as convincingly close as it is meant to be at the end of the film . Second, Judith's eventual acceptance of Eastern society amounts only to a couple of rolls in the hay with the very ethnic, very 'enigmatic' (huh?) black marketeer, Kanan, who is responsible earlier in the film for lines such as, 'Relax . . . We' re only seeking ecstasy.' And finally, Scacchi's Judith never truly comes off as a 'cold career woman.' All of this makes for a non-riveting, overly-morallsllc ending.

Uecausc the film has not sellls relationships up convincingly, it fails to evoke much emotion at its climax (which I will avoid giving away for any person who still desires to see 'Turtle Beach' after reading this review) . Although 'Turtle Beach' tries with all of its cinematic might to bean exciting, inspirational film, I walked out of it with the impression that all of its essential scenes were still on the cutting room floor. Please . . .no more shots of villagers attacking emaciated Doat People, interspersed with the crying faces of Creta Scacchi and JoanChen. Gratuitous violence and tears do not nccc~911rlly make for a co mpelling film .

With an astonishingly lo w budget, Jean Jeunet and Marc Caro have attempted In their latest fil m , to capture what it is to be human and in doing so have produced wha t has been described as ' the first great fil m of 1992' . Set exclusively In a delicatessen, the plot revolves around a butx:her'sattempt to keep his shelves full and the consequent attempt by his various tenants to prevent their limbs serving the same purpose. A conflict of loyalties arises when both the butcher and the butcher's daughter take a shine to a new resident for starkly different reasons and in this context, we are taken throush a compuslonato, humorous, yet always observant, tour of human nature. This is perhaps made possible by the film being set in no specific year and with only the vaguest of hints towards any historical roots it may have. It is the belonging to both past and future that means the film has a highly symbolic resonance, yet by juxtaposing black humour with menace, this symbolism can be as important as you wish to make it. Even if you take it away, yo~ will still be left with a sensitive and engaging film representing all that is best In French cinema. P«ul GMlttge

...-..-..-..-...-. .-..-..-..-..-..-..-..------------------~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~---~--~--~--~--~--~--~ :.


UEA Filnts Preview

Hot Shots If Charlle Sheen is attemptIng anything like versatilIty In Hot Shots, he has failed . Unlike the more 110mbrc and charismatic roles seen In Wall Street and Platoon, he plays Topper Harley; a brilliant young pilot who is u nfo rtunately dragged through a ha phazard spoof that attempts to take o ff a variety of box-office hits, Includ ing Top Gun, Nine and a half Weeks, and Dances with Wolves.

One's sense of humour Is an obvious element with

regard to how much enjoyment you can get out of Ihi!! film. If you are feeling llghthearted and frivolous, Hot Shots may well prove a tonic. The laughs are all too rare In their pred ictability however and in this light Hot Shots mlght be considered toxic rather than tonic. Paul Graing~

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Music Sultans of Ping FC

Joan Armatrading

Frt 19:Ea I& Soorpto RBfns &t Scme

IUw Flnaat 7.30 (£4) Sat 20-.FI'eiiZ)' dubnlght at 7.30.(£2

The Waterfront JuneS


Sun 21:Paul Wel~r at 1 pm (£6 adv) Wed 24:Macbreth &t The Calorform &t Awesome Welles &: Insane


Review by Ed Meikle

While some of us are screaming, dreaming but most of all drinking the European Championships and with the Danes bailing out of the Maaatrict Treaty, all that'1 requlr«!d !1 a {ollow·up to "World in Motion", a song for Eng-erland, for all-out jingoistic mayhem and forget any idea of European unity. Cue the Sultans. Rhythm King's toy band, the Sultans of Ping FC, excel tonight, giving it 100% throughtout. Knocld ng out the classics "Footballlloollgan" and "Give him a ball (and a yard of grass)". Niall O'F1aherty, vocalist and part-time riot - incitor, shouts, "We're European pop stars". He might be joking but the manic, punk-embellished lunacy that is the Sultans, is definitely more "Song for Europe" than a catalyst for xenophobia. Some would say they're the thinking-person's Mace Lads but the mashing, heckling, lager-swilling crowd don't exactly measure up.

WATERFRONT· T el632711


at 1pm (.0.50 adv) Frt 26:Sheep On DNp &t Pig at 1.30 (£4 adv) Sit 21:Fnmzy0ubntght at 7.30.(£2 stdta) Sun 28:Joe Louts Walker &t Omar &t The Howlm at 7pm (£6 adv) Ferociously taunting the crowd, Niall, all dressed up in striped tights, glittering hop pants and a flowery shirt replies to one on-looker, "Boring ami? At leastl'm notfrom £-••ing Norwich. We're written about in 'The Independent'. We don't need this loutIsh behaviour." Well actually we do. But whether they're staggering between cabaret and art is not at issue. Some have them labelled as destined for an early bath but it's a funny old game in the music business. After the gig I overheard one punter say, ''That singer- he's so arrogant. It's not our fault we're from Norwich." Do bands deserve the fans they get? No comment.


JUNE Thu 18:]une Tabor • Mark Erne,.. aon at lptn (£6 cones £4) Frt 19:511\fonye at 8pm (£6 cones fA)

Sat 20:I<athryn Tlckell &t Ian Carr at Spm tD cones £A) Sun 21 :Folk In The Park at 2pm Free at Waterloo Park lhu 2SC!ann McPeake at 8pm (ES cones £A) Frt 26:1A Mutpna at 8pm ~ canca fA)


JUNE PHOTO: Philip Viclcers JOAN ARMATRADING, after fifteen albums, still has the pulling power to flll the LCR. She attracted an older and more mature audience who passively swayed to her

thick voice backed by an enthauslatic: band. At one point Joan grinntrl attractively and admitted: "I quite like Norwlch."Good pb her musl· cal taste Is better...

Tue16:60'und 70'sDtscolnLCR. The Creation ln The Hive Wed 17:Martln X Paul Kllby, The In-Laws at Angles 8pm Frt 19:Amneaty Int. World Muslc Dtaco 9.30 pm UH rm 1.28 £1.00

Sun 21:Thl'ft Horsham band1 at Fifer's K Block 8pm Tue 23:TheCommandmenta In The


Bop Machine given the chop Sop Machine, the rerently launched weekly gig series showcaslng uproming lndle bands has been axed after only four nights. Based at The Jacquard every Wednesday, and oo-promoted by Wilde Club and Hitsville UI<. the event's failure has been put down to financial reasons. Tough Initial nights were well attended, the final gig featuring The Potting Sheds only attracted 20 paying rustomers, nowhere near the numbers necessary to cover costs. Barry Newman of Wllde Club blamed the lack of punters mostly on the venue itself: "The Jacquard Is no longer a fashion· able venue, it's tatty, and needs refurbishing." Rather than risk losing more money there, The Wllde Club is being relaunched at The Arts Centre on Tuesday 14th July. Regular gls<J each Tuesday will Include one u p-comlng band with local11upport, and In the light of the rurrent economic cllmate, will only cost £1.50 in advance, £2.50 on the door (£2 cone.). For better known bands, prices will be £2.50/ £3 on the door. Regular gig-goers will also be able to take advantage of the membership scheme, costing only £1.50 to join and enabling them to attend gi&<J thereafter for only £1.50 on any Wilde Club night.





Thu 2S:Lunchtime Concert- VI~ lln and Pianos at 1 pm (£1 at the door)

The latest from The Stairs, The House of Love and Magnapop THE STAIRS: •Mary Joanna" (Go!Discs) Release date: June 15

TilE HOUSE OF WVE: "You Don1 Understand" (Fontana) Release date: June 15

MAGNAPOP: "Sugarland "EP (Play It Again Sam) Releue Date: Out Now

Stomp! Stomp! Stomp! Summer's here, the sun Is shining, you wanna play your music LOUD and bomb around the countryside In a convertIble. If, like me, you have no car, no matter, bung The Stairs on your turntable, groove around your bedroom or backgarden (weeds and catshlte permitting), pmp about wildly and oonvtnce frlends and nelghboun. alike that you've finally gone over the edge. "'Yeh-yeh-YEAAHHI" Stonesy lead track which descends Into MCS-dom with drainpipe bas.'l, it's a gas, man. After that, you can do a warped flamenco to "Mad Song'', around In your shades to their cover version of the MCS's "'Can Only Give You Everything'' from '66 (which has &ome real neat wobblygeetar), then wonder what your icecream was spiked with during "Squashed Tomato Stomp" which is ad-lib Booker T &. The MG' s through prism sunglasses. Wild I

It's my lucky day. On the verge of giving up The House Of Love as an old habit of mine that was doing me no good, like Harold Bishop, I have suddenly regained my faith. This Is glorious. Chadders Is angry once more, and I think on this single he's busy hating the society of today fot their wilful Ignorance and consequent effect on the environment. A shuffling beat cowers beneath a huge, rich and clear noise, the guitars have free reign, and Chadders' vocal11 get quite harsh. "Sweet Anatomy" Is pretty crap and Instantly forgettable with alphabet &oup lyrics. As for the rest of the twelve-Inch, I'm sure "Kiss The Fountain" starts off with the words "'crusty fairies" which had me laughing out loud, and apart from that, is a reprise of the lead track with porno lyrics. They just have to go and spoil it for everyone, don't they?

This EP Is a real surprise treat. I love the way I mostly get to review good stuff. Infectious, carefree pop with girly vocals and just the right amount of kick characterizes the first, "Merry", produced by Michael Stipe of

REM. Then it all gets a bit sinister, but no less super. Kind of Pixies, Throwing Muses-ish on "Garden" especially, with shades of other new US guitar-pop groups such as Superchunk, but Magnapop manage to let the melodies and guitar-work shine through with clarity, rather than by Insisting on a diet of effects and distortion overkill like so many of their contemporaries. Love the singers' voice, too, but don't be fooled by the title, eh kids?

Pulp/ The Splendids Waterfront Studio June 4th The stage was always going to be a problem for the Splendids' lead singer and lt wasn't long before he was onto the dancefloor. Capable of outstaring the brightest of headlights, his confrontational stlye ooupled with a groove similar to early Stones and Simple Minds (I( that'• poealble) me~· merlsed the crowd. Despite faulty monitas that were ably booted from the stage, Pulp were huge. Decked out In a flared velvet suit and a bright purple shirt, frontman Jarvls with his deadpan humour and frantic dance steps tempts the listener Into a tantillsing maelstrom ofKitsh and lam. MI ht real. Ed Mtiklt


Concrete , Wednesday, June 17, 1992

& he Rest... NAC- T.el 660352

JUNE Until July llth:All<!r The Wlldwood by Jeremy Moore MADDERMARKET • Tel 626560

JUNE Frl 12 - Sat 20: Quartermaine's Terms by Simon Gray at 7.30pm 2.30 Sat mat. THE KING OF HEARTS· Tel 766129

JUNE Until 4 Ju ly:Moments O f Growth by Llz McGowan exhibition of sculpture inspired


Canadian Women Writers at the NAC Read ers unfamiliar with the 'unique and complex literary landscape' that Canada offers had a uniq ue one night only chance to sample from it last Saturd ay night at the Norwich Arts Centre. Women writers Dianne Brand, Nicole Brossard, Barbara Gowd y and Lee Maracle read selections from their upcoming novels and short stories to an intimate gathering of listeners In the Arts Centre's bar. Carribean Canadian, French Canadian, Ontario born Canadian and native Canadian, each writer offered her own insight into the wide array of voices present in Canada today. Barbara Gowdy first awakened the audience with her story of a bored housewife who Is also an exhibitionist. The story Is part of her upcoming collection of stories entitled 'We So Seldom Look On Love'. Hermostrecentnovel, 'Falling Angels' was widely ac-


Dionnt! Brand claimed in and outside of Canada. Gowdy was followed by Lee Maracle who read from her new novel an incident surrounding the conflict between Six Nations people (Native Canadians) and the Canadian Army in 1990. Afterwards she pointed out that the name 'Canada' comes from a word meaning 'Spirit of Corn-

mun ity' • something Canadian citizens of all races would do w e ll to reme m b er. Dianne Brand, as d ifferen t from Maracle as Maracle was from Gowdy, read a short story written for her grandmother entitled 'photograph'. Nicole Brossard read from her new novel 'Mauve Desert' as well as from her poetry, both in its original French form and In Its English translation. Asked if Canadian writers were part of a distinct literary tradition the four women said yes and stressed that Its operative feature was its variance. Lee Maracle, spoke of Canadian literature as a form of communication, especially for women. ''Women In Canada are using literature to speak to each other,"' she said. Nods all around. BarbaraGowdyemphasised the importance of the group's tour by explaining that Canadian lit-

Lu Maraclt! erature was often swept aside by British and American literature even in its own country. 'In our bookstores we have a 'Canada' section as If we are exotic,' she said. 'Writers from Canada' will be heading next to Durham, Ilkley, Edinburgh and Dumfries. Recently they have read in London and Cambridge.

Mtliua Weiland

Book Review "1-letnlocl\ a11d After" by Angus Wilson

f'HOTO : Phil Vick!rs

Imaginary Gardens and Little Theatres Ollver Morgue, the fun French man with an Imagination the size of the B ffel Tower, has rome to town with his travelling fairytale menagerie. 1maglnary Gardens and Little Theatres isattheSainsburyCentre until August 30, so follow the man with the magic flute down the secret path and get there. Now. Once you' ve worked out what' s going on (not an easy task considerIng the Salnsbury Centre' s pretenlloull WIH!co), MourguC"11 world ill colourful and cluttered and witty , and a bit stupid . Influenced by the reactions of his children to his work, Morgue has developed a series of small puppet theatres, each designed to be folded, packed and transported fron space to space, whet her it be to a beach, a cliff-top, a field, or even the Sainsbury Centre Itself. Assisted by his series

of watercolour studies (also on display), Morgue Imagines the scene and the setting before t he theatres themselves are used. Then, In true Pinocchio tradition. he takes up his enchanted chisel, creates a host of characters and attempts to bring them to life. The show also Includes examples of Morgues furniture design. recent examples of which see him a~aln In very playful mood . St ool11 anu small tablu ate! atlachl!u to skis, just In case you fancy eating your lunch while hurtling down a snow covered mountain. Within the SalnsburyCentre, some unwritten law Insists that the works are taken seriously. A shame, since the real beauty of Morgue's work seerm to be the fact that it's fun .

lan Holgate

"Hemlock and After" is an achievement in that it was completed, according to the author, In only four weeks. It Is an achievement also In exploration of the middle aged self-reassesJTent of Bemard Sands, a novelist who becomes preoccupied with the notion of evil and also his homosexu al affairs. The world depicted is one of the 1950's fa iling middle classes,in parody,somethlng which Wilson partially Inherits from the Evelyn Wau gh tradition. but also promises to develop differently. In this, his first novel w ritten in 1953, Wilson's short story grounding

§eviewed by Tony Sweeney Is revealed In both his structuring and characterisations. The early chapters in particular are episodic, like a series of playlets, with the links between narrative strands not shackled sufficiently; while the characters t hemselves are not as deeply shaded as they deserve with a tendency to have them judged and summarily dispatched rather too quickly. However the accompany ing humour is often sharp and to the bone, such as the description of Nthe stockbrokers wife, who had re<:Ently gradu-

Tlteatre Review Quartermaine' s Terms Reviewed by Paul Grainge Although a play whose first act promIses little but audience dock-watching, it is difficult to come away from Slmon Gray' a 'Quatermalnu Tcrll\'t' without (C!C!Ilng alllllC! louchro by the pathos and the sadness Imbued In this prize-winning script. Set exclusively in the staff room of a Cambridge language school, seven teachers are Introduced and their various traumas developed. At the centre of each appears StJohn. Q.latermalne, the longest serving teacher, who although being absent minded, Is courtesy Is perhaps forth is reason that his existence is so

tragic, for whilst his colleagues bring their social life into the staff room, the staff room Is the social life of this lonely bachelor - Qualt!rmaine's term~ not only the principles by which he lives, but Is the academic sense of the word the time when he relieves hill bo~c.lom lo(). The play Is described as a t ragi comedy, yet I feel this may be m.lsleadlng. The humour Is often dangerously dependent on such as trouser splitting and characters leaving their bicycle clips on. In this way, the comedy becomes very close to being tragic, but once the play stops scrapIng character ldiooyncracles and !tarts giving them some depth, a moJTentum is under way that will provide

I ated from the suburbs to the tweeds". There also gentler wit such as '"he

Is smiled at his own prejudices." There Is however a strong moral Implication In Bemard Sands situation. where he rerognlses a sense of evil in himself when the police arrest the you ng homosexual w ho attem ptsto "'pick him up'' In Leicester Square. H e "'cou ld only reJTember the intense violent excitement that he had felt when he saw the hopeless terror ln the young man's face" Sands own moral confusion leads him to taste the metaphorical hemlock of release within his new self knowledge.

Maddermarket June 12-20 for a successful conclusion. The subject of the play doesn't give the opportunity for the usual elegance of set that accompanies a Norwich Players performance and with there was a little less elegance In the acting too. Although the characttroll'rlnclpal and St John were very convincing, first-night tremors were apparant in the rest of the small cast. In this light. I wruld llllggest that althrugh "Q.tatermaine's Terms' might not measure up to the usual professionalism that equates Itself with the players, it Is nevertheless a worthwhile play and one that should only get better if theatrical nerves can be Ironed out during the week.

Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992




America's Beloved black writer Polly Graham talks to Pulitzer • • • priZC·WIDDIDg author Toni Morrison Photos: Peter Hart Only Toni Morrison could create the excitement that was around UEA when she came to give a reading from her latest novel jazz". Lecture Theatre one was jammed full of admirers, who wanted to hear the lady herself read from what has become another celebrated novel. Her reading was funny and poignant: only she could do this novel justice; only she could voice her characters feelings. She read the poetic language lyrically. Someone commented that her writing was musicaL like the sound of jazz. She has been termed '"'a great black American author", '"'the nearest thing America has to a national writer", and one ofhernovelsi11even taught on the EAS prellm course. '1 thought, 'Oh God, I' m on twenty one different courses."' Ton! Morrison raises her sllveJY voice ln arruaement at the thought of her novels being taught ln twenty one classes ln one US university. She Is a powerful looking woman, with silver hair that cascades from beneath her head scarf. Her face contorts Into a multiple of expressions, and her laugh comes from somewhere below. Morrison Is eager to talk about her new novel jazz'' that re-Imagines 1920's Harlem. Her lyrical prose style follows a number of black characten~ through what Is popularly known u '"'The Jazz Age," although her characters are unaware of the term coined by twenties writer, F. Scott Fltzgerald. She wanted to do 1omethlng unheard of In literature - to rejoice In the city. For her lt has far more to offer than the usual sense of doom, that other novelists employ. '1 was Interested In trying to make up a book to celebrate dties...with the posslbllity of danger, passions, sensousness and even the possibility of liberation." Her writing style always seems to flow with ease, ehe has an effortlees and natural style. When asked what she had galne!d from writing ...Jau' lt became evident that she had laboured to reach this effect. "1 had never worked so hard at technique or writing that would appear loose and inventive and suggest surprise. It all had to be planned, so you have to keep writIng it over and over again, but it looks as though it was unplanned. So there were certain technical thlnF;i

"I feel a debt...l'm very conscious and aware of a lot of violence done to black people"


that were very problematic for me. By confronting them and setting up certain obstacles I was able to do it." Love Is a theme that Morrison examines In her novels. ... Beloved" 11 about 1 woman who lovee her child so m.ach that she kills her. In Morrison's books love is a dangerous emotion, yet it is an expression of freedom for her characters whose parents, or themselves, have been slaves to white people. It was this idea that was behind 1a2'Z". '1 was looking for narrative that clarified the difficulties of women in particular, of loving something outelde themeelvea: children, men." ln 1au.." love and music are the greatest expressions of freedom and liberation. Morrlson has strong motives within her writing. She wants to reclaim black history, she wants to re-write a violent past- a past that has Imprisoned African Americans. "'My novels re-create the history of African Americans In order to make the present more coherent and

understandable." She has said that she feels a huge debt to black Americana. When I ask her about this she answem wearily, as If she has hasn't yet paid this debt • ... I feel a debt, I Just feel a debt. I' m very conscious and aware of a lot of the violence done to black people. I feel that oollgatlon the way that most writers do. Not necessarily about violenCE but a cultural obligation. Whetheryou're Tolstoy or Norman Maller there'• something in the culture that's of some Interest to you . I feel the same thing." Morrlson la defen11lve when I euggest that she must get annoyed at constantly being termed a "black" writer, she doesn't see a time when gender or race are irrelevant, she doesn't want to see this time. NI like being called a black writer; If you say a writer that means a white male writer, they just don't have to identify themselves as race or gender because they have assumed the central position.

Being a black writer ls not a lesser position, being a woman writer is not a lesser position." Besides from writing novels Morrison now teaches at the great American lnslllullon of Prlnceton University. "''t's a nice place, we have a lot of Interesting faculty members and some very Interesting students. Princeton seems to have joined the twentieth-century." She laughs sarcastically. With the hardback of 1azz'' hitting the bookshops she is already planning her next novel. 1 have a sort of an Idea but I don't know what it is. I have something that might turn out to be an Idea worth a novel. I' m so unsure of lt at the moment that I couldn't even articulate it." The thought ofMorrison not being able to articulate Is a strange one, after all her role as a black novelist Is toartlculatewhatwhlte male dominated history has not. She has become the voice for black America.

"I li'ke being called a black writer; if you say a 'writer', that means 'white male' writer."


Stephen Howard Editor

Pony Graham Arts Editor

Peter Hart

If you have anything that you feel strongly about, whether it is the content of CONCRETE, or something about UEA which really gets you going, write to: The Editor, CONCRETE, EAS or bring it to Room 2.29, EAS. If there is anything you think we should be writing about, drop us a note, or call us 011 Norwich 592799 (internal number 2799). Please include your name, school and year on anything for publication.

Sports Editor

Keeley Smith Chief Reporter

Gill Fenwick Advertising

Students are not

Nightline over-

Cross over the




Let me get this straight. Students at this university should not be responsible for the litter they leave behind in the square, they should not be charged for driving their polluting cars to the campus every day, and they have a right to spray cheap bubbly and other noxious substances in front of the sports centre after their exams, making one hell of a mess. Are any of you Intellectuals at this place of higher learning aware that there is an Earth Summit going on down in Rio? Marlha S. Warren

We would briefly like to follow a comment made by the members of NTF031n the last Issue. The fact that 'no official help has been offered' Is indeed regrettable, but we, just a few blocks away in C-block,. are there for precisely this kind of situation, offering help to anyone that needs lt. Though not 'official', we provide a well-used service, simply hoping that everyone who may want to come along knows that we're here. We'd just like to point out that, In any instance, no-one need 'do their best to come to terms with what happened by themselves.' UEA NightlitU

Who or what Is 'Logogrlph', the person/thing responsible for the Impossible crossword that appeared In the last copy of 'Concrete'? I' m the first to agree that the newspaper needs a crossword but why make it so difflrult7 We're only university students, not genius'. Why can't lt be more like The Independent's quick crossword? I haven't got time to spend hours wonderIng over obscure and cryptic dues like 'Cat, for example, gets confused gal Inside seed-case (7Y , how am I suposed to know that it's a 'burglar'?

Simon Mann Distribution

John Barton Photographers

Toby Leaver Clara Tuckey Daniel Kennedy Phil Vickers Proof Reader

Debble Brlckell Helen Lewis Contributors

Tony Sweene Jody Thompson Ed Meikle Shaun Harley Katharine Ma honey Charlotte Couse Clare Gemmell Helen Lewis Sue McManus lan Holgate Jim Stevenson John Barton Daniel Halprin · Thanks to-

English and American Studies Gary the Steward Livewire

Ben Keegan AHM2


concrete ,Crossword

F.ive pound prize Crossword The Evea·ypea·son by Logogriph

Printed by Eastern Counties Newspapers, Prospect House, Rouen Road, Norwich.


4 Operate with hlgh tension


Henry, butwithobject revened he contracts conjunctivitis (1 0) 5 Fortune with only one currency


(C) 1992

This is the last issue of Concrete of this tenn. Anyone staying in Norwich over the vacation will hopefully come across our 'O:mference/ Open University Special', even if the content about Norwich and UEA does seem painfully obviws to someone who spends at least 30 weeks a year here. Thankyouforyoursupport over the last few months, we hope that you have enjoyed reading atleast some of what we have written, even if you haven't always agreed with everything that we have said. Some of us will be moving on next year to find jobs in the real world, but the rest of us will still be here, turning out an issue of 'the purple rag' every fourteen days. As a student paper we hope to get more people involved next year, bo~ new first years, and any of you who have not yet come to see us, but wouldn't mind something to fill those long Autumn nights (or even a little something to fill the CV). Until then, whatever you are doing we all hope that you have a great Summer, and that you will continue to read Concrete if you are coming back next ear.

1 Ghostly shade of pale 'Ink' moth 9 Played vibrantly with compassion

Concrete is published independently at UEA. Opinions expressed are those of the contrtbutor, and not necessarily those of the Publisher or Editor


11 I IRII 110ld "b4ldcrtlashl" Plrm7


"Well relatively speaking" \!) 12 As sun breaks Dawn? (5) 14 Officer and attorney finish In style

6 Bursts of speed for pleasure (5)

(4) 16 Bad ribs and poor trainee nurse, syptom of 4 down? (10) 17 Jeeves was serving cloudy bisque In double ring to American (10) 18 Lover's tie, say (4) 20 Cornrron European mJney for gtrrs college (5) 22 lloat buoy (7) 25 As rrhe Uoat Ra<r' wllh dirty canoe grit on telly (15) 26 The true psychotic- Batman, without a reason to get changed (6,5)

7 Rodent that goes 8 down (6,8) 8 Like a rook moves -In a straight line (2,3,4,5) 9 Paper-spot causes blindness In horses (5,3) 13 Force design to circle full outline (6-4) 15 Princess's hint causes aversion

(8) 19 Back once more outside 'River Falls' (6) 21 Depart under vehicle's load (5) 23 Comb, Intricate as eastern shields (5)

24 Wow, Mum! An underground plant (4)

DOWN 2 Creator of Parts, perhaps, was gardener around a thousand (5) 3 VItamin with nitrogen In but without 1 across (6)

Answers to Concrett at Room 2:1.9, EAS, by Friday WB At midday. Answers will be picktd out of the hat At 1 pm Friday. NormAl Concrtu rults apply.

Concrete, Wednesday, June 17, 1992



Fit For Summer

Clare Gemmell looks at sports facilities in

Norwich, and discovers that if essays and exams haven't exhausted you completely, then there's plenty to do -both on and off campus - which will finish the job quite nicely!

The Aqua Parlc at Norwiclt Sport.r Village


h Wlmbeldon fut pproachlng all you rospectlve Seekers and Gram can polish up your technique on the campus' 12 hard tennis courts. They may be booked In advance at the spom centre and are avallable for use throughrut the summer. Casual users must vacate a booked court and student registration cards must be taken along to show the stewards you are entitled

to free usage. Non-UF.A guests and students without their cards are charged SOp an hrur. There are also grus tennis coum In Eaton Park which can be booked but must be paid for. Waterloo Park also has courts available for hire. For those of you who prefer sweating Indoors the campus also has four squash courts in the sports centre and two in Suffolk Walk. The charges for the sports centre ones are

80p for peak usage and 40p for off-peak usage. The charges for Suffolk Walk are (()p at all timet. The courts nust be booked at the sports centre In advance and each session lasts 40 minutes. The gym on campus Is open at mJst tirres during the day and Includes rowing and cycling machines and various weight training equipment . Expert help Is always on hand If required. Once

Tennis round-up by Katharine Mahoney THE WOMEN'S

tennis club have had a very successful summer season. and

have made it throush to lh@ quarter-finals of the UAUs. In the run-up to the quarter-finals, UEA have beaten &sex 9-0 away and Kent 6-3 at home. Surrey conceded a match by not turning up to play at UEA. Loulse Agran, the women's team captain oommented. N Althrugh we are not the most technically brit-

llant side, we have the committment and good-will needed to win." The excellent spirit of the team and their sense of committment Is reflected In their consistent pc"rfnrmn nr.11 t h111 t11rm. I ( t h11 women beat Liverpool at the quarter-finals they will go on to play the semi-finals at Nottingham on June 24 and 25, and will have equalled previous UEA teams' performance In the competition. Another sua:ess story for the tennis dub has been their mixed side. The side Is made up of four boys and four girls,. and the matches

are played on grass. In the Jewson League (for mixed teams) UFA are unbeaten with two matches to go, and they are hoping to win the division. Th11 m•n'lllc-nillll *ll·uad htuan't had quite so much success. Although they did beat Essex they were unlucky to lose to Sussex 5-4 In the first round oft he UA U knockout tournament. On the whole though, it has been a very successful sea!lOn for UEA- best of luck goes to the women's team In their last few matches.

again student registration cards are needed and each unlimited session cmtB a rrere

20p. To relax thOI'le aching nusdes after a stint In the gym the sports centre also has a sauna available throughout the day In hour blocks for single sex use only. For those who like to spend their leisure time surrounded bywater, UEA'srowlngand sailing clubs provide the opportunities for both advanced and novice enthusl-

asts. Alternatively, for wlndsuflng and canoeing fanatics the Wayford Watersports ActivIty Centre In Stalham (tel. 0692 582741) provide necessary equipment for hire, plus expert Instruction If required Hfrom serious training to full tlme messing about on the river." Rowing and sailing boats are also for hire and If you have a burning desire to explore the Norfolk countryside mountain bikes are also available. The centre has a "range of well marked scenic trails" to follow, or you can go your own way. Swimming facilities In the ctty Include a pool atthe City of Norwich Baths at St. Augustlnes, which costs 60p with a passport to leisure card, and £2 .05 without. For details of opening hours phone Norwich 620164. There ls also the Lakenham Baths In Martineau Lane phone Norwich 623683 for details. The N orwlch Sports V Ilia ge has an impressive ,.Aqua Park" which Incorporates a large heated pool with two flumes, waterjets, fountalns, a jacuzzl area and a separate circular pool with a current. Opening hours are 7am10pm. but vary In and out of term time In accordance with the special sessions, which In-

elude a disco night from 7lOpmon Fridays, and an0ver21s night on Mondays from 6pm onwards. Out of term there Is a fun session for kids Mon-Frl at10un-12pm. Phone Norwich 788912 for more details. Prices are £2.80 for adults during the week, and £3.30 atthe weekend. A 20'!b student d iscount Is available 9am-5 pm during term time. The sports village al90 Includes squash, tennis and badminton courts and a gym. and aerobics classes run dally. Phone for details. If you are an all-round spans

rnlhu11l111l and want to take advantage o( fadllttes at a low oost, a passport to leisure card is available for just £4 and valid for a year. It entitles you to reduced rates for many actlvltle~t, Including IWimrnlng, tennis, petanque and keep-fit. For rrore details pick up a leaflet from the sports centre. Also, see the notlceboard outside sports centre for Its special opening hours during the exams. If you are planning to stay In Norwich over the sununer vacation the sports centre Is open as during exams from July 6-10, closed on July 11 and 12, and open Mon-Fri 9am11 pm. weekends closed from July 13 - Septerrber '1J. Happy sweating!

STEVE'S CYCLES 384 BOWTHORPE ROAD tei ·2S9390 Five minutes walk from UEA Plain, at junction with Earlham Green Lane

NEW & USED BIKES REPAIRS & ACCESSORIES Guaranteed same day turnaround




concre e s Shi Kon Karate New Boss For makes the grade Norwich F.C. IT'S ALL smiles at Carrow Road now that Mike Walker has been a ppointed as new manager of the Canaries, following a month of speculation as to who was going

Special report by Keeley S11litll

,..... 路

.. ...


to fill Oave Stringer's shoes.


PHOTO: Phi/ Vickers

lfotting up for grading

THE SHI KON karate club has been reviewing its members' flghllng oblllllcs recently, with its annual club competition and a grading session. At the competition held on May 30 the entrants, who ranged fron red belts to a brown belt, had to fight at least three times to determine the. four semi-finalists, and performed 'kata' - a sequence of choreographed karate techniques to deal with multiple attacks. M ukesh Mistry, a 2nd kyu brown belt and bronze medal BSSF 1992 winner, overcame all of his opponents successfully in the fighting event, which w11~ orientated around semicontact moves and specific Wado ryu techniques. He won against newcomer Paul Keetley in the final, who put in an excellent performance even though it was only his second ever competition. Third and fourth places were contended by last year's competition winner lan llockley, and another newcomer 'Marco,' with fan winning the fight to finish third. In the kata event, Mukesh once again emf!rged as the top competitor by impressing the four black belt judges the most. Greg Rubinson came runner-up in

the event, followed by the impressive newcomer 'Marco.' The club does have two black belt members, ex-student Julian Campbell and Tracey Eaton, but because of their high grade they weren't allowed to take part in the competition and so helped to judge it. Julian Campbell also accompanied club instructor and ex-British squad 3rd Dan black beltSteve Davis, in presid"ing over the grading event held at Fifers Lane on June 6. All but one of the dub's members were fighting for their yellow belts from a red belt standard, and repretw.nted members who have only been Involved in the sport since last October. The more experienced Greg Rubinson went for his blue belt. In preparation for their grading, all of the fighters practlced their techniques everyday for a few weeks beforehand, so that they could demonstrate the required level o{ proficiency which would qualify them for their target bell Once again, they performed kata to the judges, always keeping in mind one of their principal philosophies to aid technique: ''Don't look at the man, look at the mountain." They also displayed some

pairs work and set defence, followed by a small amount o{ flghllng at the end. All of the entrants performed to the required standard to achieve their new belts, with Greg Rubinson remarking, "It was pretty gruelling but also a lot of fun." Club president Chris Benmore, currently a 2nd kyu brown belt, is hoping to bid for his 1stkyu within the next month, along with Mukesh Mistry. They will be judged by Steve Rowe, a 5th Dan black belt and one of the country's best fighters in the style of Wado ryu. Both Chris and Mukesh or<' currently pracllclng their basic techniques of blocks, punches and strikes for the forthcoming grading, and may have to travel down to Kent so that they can receive the expert judging required. The club's next competition is to be held in the LCR against local rivals Thetford on June 20. Last llmo the two clubs met, UEA won 6-0, and Chris Benmore is hoping to repeat the victory. He remarked: ''Thetford have got a much stronger team this time round, but with the several good fighters in UEA's line up I'm hoping that we will beat them."

Walker, who has been Norwich's reserve team manager for the past five years, was delighted with theannouncementonJune 1 that he'd overcome the stiff competition for the post, and is already getting to grips with long-term plans for the club's future. I le Rnld, ''We want to get

back to the attractive, entertaining football that made the club famous." The new boss is also hoping to see Norwich achieve their highest ever League position, along with fulfilling Chairman Robert Otase's ambition of the club breaking onto the European football scene. EXPERIENCE Walker's new number two to replace David Williams is former Norwich striker John Dcehnn, who joined

the club in 1981 to become the fifth highest goalscorer in its history, and has since had experience coaching at Manchester City and Barnsley. After the disappointing P.A. Cup semifinal defeat and League ~ formance at the end of the season, Deehan has urged, ''Let's forget the past and look to an exciting future."' And so with the approach of the Premier League next season, Norwich is all set to make a fresh start under its new and optimistic partnership at the top.

THE STUDENTS' LANDLORD All houses now full! But room$ available For the Summer vacation at 120 per week





4.1 9427

Profile for Concrete - UEA's official student newspaper

Concrete issue 008 17 06 1992  

Concrete issue 008 17 06 1992