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inside NEWS lhe sabbatical election slur campaign. Finance officer faces a revote The car parking problem gets worse - one space for every five cars.

UEA seen as one of the top ten Universities by the Government ...

FEATURES The story of Watership Down a1 U EA Find out what you are paying for when you buy a pint

A centre page special on the Norwich club scene

ARTS An intendew with Arthur Smith an ex UEAstudent turned comedian Win cinema tickets



Hockey bus overturns on a Norwich road By Polly Graham and Peter Hart A UEA student and two others are in Intensive Care, following a collision on the A146 on Saturday. The crash, between a minibus and Ford Fiesta, happened at approximately 2pm, as the UEA Hockey Team travelled to an away game. It has left a total of 6 people in hospital, three of whom are in Intensive Care. Chris Hall, Union Finance Officer who was travelling in the bus, is said to be in a "serious condition" at the Gty's Norfolk and Norwich hospital, although he is described as stable. Four ambulances and 3 fire engines rushed to the scene, at Franingham Pigot, when the minibus lost control, and hit the Fiesta travelling in the opposite direction,

crushing both vehicles. The car, driven by Genevieve Porrit, had three other occupants. They were their way home when the accident occured. It took the emergency services 30 minutes to cut them free. ''The driver of the car was severely distressed, with multiple fractures .. she was losing a lot of blood," said Fire Station Officer, Nick Excel!. Said Police Inspector, Ted Stewart, "It was a serious accident, bearing in mind the number of people Involved." The reason for the crash is not yet apparent, and Inspector Stewart added "Road conditions were good- it was a dry, sunny day.''

Dave Stringer talks about the future ambitions of the Canaries I low to ski without getting a wet bottom PHOTO : Steve Howard

MARGINAL SEAT IN JEOPARDY Norwich South could become a Tory stronghold , reports Polly Graham. A GENERAL election during students' Easter vacation could radically effect the results in the marginal seat of Norwich South. With the suspected date for the general election being April 9 many students will have gone home. This could mean that the Conservative vote will be boosted with the scattering of the student population all over the country rather in the marginal seat of Norwich South. John Garrett currently holds the seat by an extremely narrow margin of 336. Although the election date is yet to be confirmed by John Major it is thought by many in the Conservative Party that the date will be sometime during the Easter

holidays. lfMajorconfirmsthedate it will be the first general election that has not been held during term time since 1970 when 18 year olds got the vote. David Baxter, the Conservative Prospective Parliamentary Candidate for Norwich South, placed great importance on the student vote. Although the 1~25 age group is expected to vote Labour, David Baxter has found student support to be increasing. "I would have preferred the election to have been whilst students are in Norwich. I regard them as a significant population in Norwich South. I have been scoring well in student areas." John Garrett does not take the student vote for

granted but says "I have served students well for 14 years. Given the way they have been treated by the Conservative Government over the last decade it would seem logical that they should vote Labour." Many of the key marginal seats are situated in university cities and towns, such as York and Brighton, where the student vote is also seen as a major factor in general elections. John Garrett agreed with the rumours that one of thereasonsMajorwill pick this date is because of the high density of students in marginal seats. NJ wouldn't be at all surprised if it was a deliberate ploy. After all the student vote is very powerful in many significant seats."




Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

Shopping for a greener Tom Knowland world by

A BICYCLE based delivery service for environme ntally friendly products, The Squirrels, have now settled Into a new shop," Alternatives- The Norfolk Alternative Technology Centre" In St Augustine's Street. "Customers found it difficult to organise their lives in order to stay In for the delivery," said PeteRedwood, forme r Squ irrel and c~ founder of the new shop. "The idea Is to put the message forward to th e puhll<: at large that there arc alter natives to the main stream products that don't harm the environment," he said . The shop sells a wide range of products, everything from washing up liquid to wind turbines. Students who are deterred from such ec~frlend ly products because of fears of high prices sh ould think again. According to Pete Redwood, the products are actually cheaper than things one would buy from an ordinary supermarket. Some prod ucts such as t he low energy llght bulbs may cost a lot to start with (£15), but they last 8 times longer and consume 80% less electricity so there are substantial financial and environmental savings in the long run. '1f you're saving money, you're

saving energy. And If you're saving energy you are doing your little bit to cutdown the pollution caused by fossil fuel power stations." And do these green products work? It Is very easy to be disappointed when a squirt of biodegrad able washing up liquid doesn' t produce the comforting fluff of bubbles in the sink. But the bubbles are only in conventional liquids because of a foaming agent. "FaIry Liquid w as actually sold on the bubbleR it created," Pete explained. '1n actual fact it created so many bubbles that it with the actual caused

The future lies in Europe by Tim York UEA Is getting Into the European mood by encouraging students to go to Europe on the Erasmusscheme. Erasmus Is a programme of the European Community that has been running since the surruner of 1987, though it has not been publicised at UEA until now. It alms to organise student mobility throu ghout the Community.

Whatever the students discipline they can spend a of three 1r0nths at any university offering the same course, from Iceland to Greece. Grants are available for expenses such as su pple~ntary CO'lts of trave~ linguistic preparation, and the possible higher cost of living In the host country.

waterways. As a result the government intervened and passed a law prevl'nll ng the use of th i'Re detl'rgentll and insuring that 80% of the detergent bio-degraded within 19 days."

Leap Year Proposals by Cathy Davis

PIIOTO: Toby uaver

ACCORDING to Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, "It is an old saying that during leap year the ladies may propose, and if not accepted claim a silk gown." Leap years, like 1992, tend to trigger "fun" features in tabloid papers invit ing women to cast aside their blushes and seize their one-in-fouryear chance to ask men to marry them So I did a straw poll of women at UEA: Wouldyouproposetoaman? The majority said "yelf' if they really wanted to get married and if they were likely to receive a positive reply! Quite a few, though, expressed a senti~ntal desire for the fu 11-blown down-on-one-knee romance bit. Would they wait until February

The only catch Is the sixteen page appllcation form,. and the accompanying 'Guide-lines for Applicants', written in Eu~bureau-speak. As EC President Jacques Delors says, "How can we build Europe If young people do not see it as a collective project and a representation of their own future?"

29th to do 117 No, said most, unlrss it happened to be convenient. Kale from SOC: '1t's a nice idea but I wouldn't exactly hold my breath for four years If that's what I wanted ." I talked to some already engaged or previously married students to see who had proposed. '1t was kind of a mutual thing," said Anne, a mature student. "''prompted him" Most of the men however, claimed they had popped the question. However, a large number of students both male and female expressed Matt from ENV's view. "Look," he said, "don't talk to me about marriage. It's an outdated institution. If someone proposed to me I'd run a mile." From my brief survey I don't think he has anything to worry about-so you ca n all breathe easy out there!

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

Too many cars for too few spaces

the car park. which means that there Is one space per 5 cars. Mr Morson, of UEA's Portering and Security Services Is merciless when lt comes to wheels; "Does every student here actually need a car?" he asks. "There's too many cars for too few spaces". And If you leave your new car too long In the car park

without using it, Morson and his band of porters are hard men; "We regularly monitor the parking situation. If someone has more than one car parked here, we sort them out. Likewise, if we see a car that Isn't being used often enough ... we tow it off to Fifers Lane". So think again before buyIng that car.

by Ed Hassall The number of cars owned by U.E.A. students Is increasIng. In 1991, there was an 18% rise In car park pennlts Issued. Everycarownerhere at the University knows there Is a space problem. But they do not know that lt Is getting worse. If you are thinking of buyIng a car for use at UEA, think twice. 2597 students

already own cars. The staff own 2402, that makes a total of 4999 vehicles. The fact that the UFA car park Is the largest In Norwich does not make much difference. Trying to find somewhere to park your car between ten and twelve In the morning is like looking for a needle In a haystack. There are only 979 spaces In

WACIS BACK by Gill Fenwick WOMEN'S rights are back on the agenda at UEA with reformation of the Women's Action Committee. The newly-elected Women's Officer, Kate Drake, went for the position because she felt that "women are under-represented at UEA". An Informal Womens Action Committee, of about 12, back her and already they have made progress In their campaign for women's rights. They have achieved "basic

stuff', like putting sanitary towel dispensers In all the toilets In Union House, and they are hoping to do the same In the school of study buildIngs. WAC has also provoked the university Into Investigating better lighting around campus and the Union are going to subsidise security alarms. At the moment, they are working towards International Women's Day which Is on March 8 with activities from

PHOTO: Son B Huang llam- 4pm In the LCR and the Bill Wilson Room. Activities Include a voice workshop and workshops for public-speaking, assertiveness, and self-defence. In the LCR, there will be stall holders, face-painting for children and a creche. They hope to have an International woman public speaker, bands and music workshops. Kale Drake hopes that International Women's Day will get more people involved, she said, "we need to have a better base so that we can represent women at UEA". Kate argues against the Feminist Image that her committee may have, she said, '1 don't like the notion of staunch feminists- it Is stigmatised". She believes that "men and women live together In society, so I don't see any reason In excluding men or for men

Psychological testing on students By Polly Graham SlUIJENTS were subjected to a fonn of psychological testIng by being shown graphic videos of animals being Inflicted with psychological and cosmetic testing In The Hive last Tuesday. UEA's Anti Animal Abuse Society are using shock tactics to raise awareness of animal vivisection In experimentation for weapons, cosmetics and laboratory research. The campaign asked people to write a postcard expressIng disgust at the use of animal testing, which they would then send to major companies who rely on the testing of animals for their products. Katherine Allocco, the cam-

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paign organiser, was pleased with the response, "Many people have been appalled at the videos we are showing and it made them want to do something." She went on to say that experiments such as the LDSO (LethalDoseSO)areunnecessarlly used everyday. One hundred rabbits are subjected to half-hourly feeds of shampoos and detergents and the oompanles are able to set their lethal dose when 50 of the rabbits are dead. HNormally the animals are not properly looked after before these experiments and they are weak from lack of feeding, this means that they can hardly be seen as representatives of the human body." With the success of thi$

to exclude women on the general level". Kate was determined to add that "we want many people to turn up at International Women's Day, so we can get people involved and we can go forward with our campaign".


Exallls and tension on the horizon by Charlotte Couse WITH exams looming on the horizon the tension is mounting. Now that they are reaching the climax of their university years many students are starting to get anxious. To help alleviate these harmful aspects of stress the student counselling service is holding relaxation workshops. These workshops have been running for eight years now and are always hugely popular. Usually they are held at the beginning of the summer term but due to the requests of the participants they are going to be held at the end of the spring term. In this way the students will have more time to prepare themselves. The aims of these classes is to explain the symptoms of stress and warn the stu-

dents of what they might experience as the exam dates get closer. The 'group therapy' of the workshop works to re-assure participants that they are not alone in their predicament. During the two-hour sessions students will be taught methods to relax their mind and body. Matters of general health will also be focused upon. Or Paul Cooper, who runs the workshops, says that preparing for exams is comparable to an athlete preparing for a race. Diet. sleep and exercise must be given the utmost attention. Alcohol consumption must also be regulated and this appears to be the main way of escape for many students.


campaign the 30-strong Anti Animal Abuse Group are already planning a vegetarlanlc;mcampalgn for next term.

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992



SLUR CAMPAIGN MEANS RE-VOTE by Polly Graham and Gill Fmwick There Is to be a re-vote for Finance Officer after a slur campaign against one of the candidates. Andy Laing complained to the Election Committee after a bout of posters appeared on the day of elections saying "Kec>p this man away from children" beneath a picture of him. Andy Lalng was extremely upset by the posters, "I was very hurt, I've never been aa.used of such things. When putting my second wave of posters up I read every insult on cvrry postc>r. None of thrm affected me because in most cases they were ;_tst jovial pkes. This wasn't; this was a piece of malicious li<:~ble". The Election Committee have agreed that these posters may

have influenced voters, so it was put to the Students Forum on Monday and they voted in favour of re-opening nominations. Richard Hewison, Chair of the Students forum, said, "Acrusing sorreone of paroophllia, I think, Is a crime that most people will shudder at the thought of. This was not just defacement, these were drawn up posters. Someone had taken time and effort to get these posters together'' . A re-vote by the Students Forum on Friday, agreed that rather than opening nomina lions again, they would hold a re-vote between the two candidatc>s. Chris !!all, Finance OfficN, drew up an amendment that a ballot for the post of finance


Officer would be held on Thursday Week 9 between the twocurrentcandldates. This rrotion was passed by 11 to 1, with 4 abstentions. There was great debate du ring the r:orum meeting discusslng whether the posters had made any difference. Chris I Iall said, "The Union must not be seen to allow this sort of thing to goon ... letting this election be upheld would be the wrong thing to do, it. must be seen as democratic aspossible" . Chris Hollingsworth was disappointed with the vote of the forum, "I think 1t Is wrong but I'll accept it'' . He added, "we enll•r part two of the ur~ election charad e, but better than the ridiculous one made at Forum on Monday" .


The winners talk back by Gill Fenwick VariNG on Thursday -February 20, resulted in four new Sabbaticals. This year also saw asubstantialdrop in the election turnout, with only 800 students bothering to vole in the sabbatical elections. Nicola Sainsbury was reelected as Academic officer by 532 votes to Neil Barnden's 138. Nicola said that she was "very pleased", and she added, '1lhink it shows that people think I'm doing a good job". !I er aims next year are to continue working on the common course structure and other academic issues that are going to affect students. She hopes to "raise the general feeling

amongst students that the Union is there for them" . Richard Hewison was very pleased that the views that he expressed in the election campaign, were in line with what the majority of voting students want. He said "I intend to communicate with more students than the Union traditionally has contacted", including all minority groups within the university. Colin Browning was "obviously delighted" at the result, "now that it's sunk in and I've had time to thi nk about it, I'm looking forward to the challenge". He sees the Welfare Officer's first job as being to

sort out the new undergraduates, and he hopes to make contact with all special need groups. Although there has been speculation over the result of Finance Officer, Chris Hollingsworth won by 211 votes and believes the position is his. (See story to left) "I feel relieved that I got in with such a bad photograph", he said, but he was disappointed at the poor election turnout and sees the need for improved communication. Looking to next year, Chris stated, "my priorities will be Union development, Welfare services, and getting rid of my cold".

The union of ea students •resents

LIVEAT THE UEA Clrris H ollingsworth

Attdy Laittg

CASH campaign continues by Gill Fenwick 1HE Campaign Against Student Hardship (CASH) at UEA continues. The first demand ha s been met by the Un iversity; a rroratorium on charges for essential photexx>p!ed hand ou ts and language courses. However, the students Involved are not content to leave it t here, their next demand Is for Improved creche fadlities. Also, through weekly meetIngs and a social on Monday February 24, a plan of action has been constructed for the rest of term. In conjunction with the Students Parents Group, CASH are organising a playscheme In week 9, outside, beh ind the Regist ry and the Vice-Chancellor's office. This is to pub-

lidse Child Awareness Day and the need for creche facilities, especially during halftermand the Easter holidays. A ra lly Is being organised for Friday March 13 (provisional date) In the Square. CASH are Inviting the VIceChancellor to speak and a live band will be playing . This event will coincide w ith the Association of U nlverslty Teacher's conference, where the Prospective Parlla!T'entary Candidates for Norwich North and South will be speaking. Jason Ions, Communications Officer, explalned it as "a means of getting members of the university and students together to talk to the Prospective Parliamenta ry Can-

dldates and make them aware of student Issues and at the same time allow us, as members of the University, to see the Candidates and find out what they are like and what their policies are". To protest against students not being eligible for HousIng or U nemployment Benefit, CASH are hoping to organise a mass to 'sign on' at the DHSS In Week 10, In order to "muck up the system" and gain publicity for Student Hard ship. Next term, the Un ion will be organising a Rent-Freeze and CASH hope to get involved with th at as well.


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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992



CLASS DIVIDE AT UEA? by Gill Fmwick IN October 1993, 600 students will have the luxury of en-suite showers In the new residences, Constable Terrace and Nelson Court. For this privilege, students will be paying at least f5 per week extra. Mr. Lloyd, Director of Accomm~ dation and Catering Services justifies this price by saying that a conference visitor would he willing to pay up to fS a night for the same accommodation. Many students see this as encouraging a class divide between those who can afford f5 extra a week and those who already find it hard to cope on their grant. Shelley Wright, a first year said,


"It's disgusting. No student can afford an extra f5 a week for a luxury like that. The new residences have not heen hutlt for students. They've been built for the conference trade." However, Mr. Lloyd said that the decision for en-suite bathrooms was made after a survey of UEA students in December 1990. From the resu Its of the survey, 83% would like en-suite accomrrodation. Another student decided, "I think it would be a good idea If the plan was to entice businessrren to conferences , all long a11 the moncy ill ploughcd back Into the university . Uut I can understand," she added, "the thooght that it might result in a class divide." Mr. Lloyd and his colleagues felt that the reRult of the survey was enough to proceed with the pian. Even if students do not like the idea, Mr. Lloyd assured "it's too late."

UEA,a centre of excellence UEA has been deemed a "centre of excellence" by receiving above average increaRCsln research funding for the academic year beginning In Oc:tober. It is seventh in a list of ten universities having obtained a 14.5% Increase In research funding. Imperial College London Is first on the list of "centres of Excellence" with an increase in its research fundIng of 19.9%. It Is closely followed by both Oxford and Cambridge. The results of the government's new three-tier system of funding recognises UEA as being In the top

ranks. The universities are rewarded for their ability to meet the demand for extra places for the students and for the strength of their research. Although UEA came seventh for Its research funding, the percentage Increase for Its overall funding was only 7.5% compared with the national average of 9.2%. Mike Benson, the University Press Officer, was pleased with UEA's position In the funding tier system. '1t's good news for the university. It's great that we have been recog-

nlsed for the strength of our research. Money usually follows reputation. hopefully it will encourage people to part with extra money." At the bottom of the tier system there are four universities that face extreme cuts and this year have received below average grants. They are Aston, Bath, Aberystwyth and Bradford. Aston University being the worst hit university this year with only a 2.4% Increase In Its overall funding.

Polly Graham

Tlte new university with Christian principles CHELTENHAM and Gloucester College of Higher Education not only has set Its sights on being endowed with university status, butalsowlth Christian principles. It wants to become a university with a difference. Already known as an Institution with a religious outlook they hope to attract more students with Its d lfferent philosophy. On campus the Anglican religion is strong, with "root groups" and "cells" that run campaigns to get their message across and get new members.

The campus faith Is promoted In the campus bars and social events like beer is at UFA. The chapel is the centre point of this institute says Janet Trotter, Director of the Cheltenham and Gloucester College of Higher Education. "The most important place in the college Is the chapel, because that's where we consider our priorities to be." Miss Trotter has been responsible for the massive expansion of the college. A ÂŁ25 million building pro~mmE' Is currently underway, with

a new chapel as its centre piece. The college hopes to obtain polytechnic status and then try to become a new university. Some 10% oft he students who attend the rollege are practising Christians, but they are not asked at their interview what their beliefs are. The emphasis at the college Is on the community atmosphere. Whilst other institutions are organising massive expansion to encn.~rage rrore students, Cheltenham Is trying not to expand too much.

Polly Graham

Proceetls fo



Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

concret~SJWomen Who are you dating? Polly Graham looks at the controversial

Do men suffer from sexual harassment?

.problem of ,/date rape'. The probletn of when

Polly Graham investigates

no means yes.

Respect my Right to Refuse G), ©, ,~ ,

THE NEWLY diagnosed problem of 'date rape' has attracted much attention with the recently publicised rape cases. The televised trial of the Kennedy case, who was cleared of raping a woman he had picked up at a bar. The spectacular court case where Mike Ty90n was found guilty of raping a young girl and the recent spate of 'black cab' assaults have brought the issue of 'date rape' to the forefront . These events also coincided with the publication of the results of the Cambridge University Students Union survey which highlighted frightening statistics about the nature of rape. The controversial survey resulted from Cambridge Univer.>ity's nation-wide 'No Means No' campaign. The title taken from the infamous quote from Judge Raymond Dean in 1988, when he said, "Men, unlike women are unable to turn their emotions on and off like a tap. WC'. all know that whC'n a woman says no, she probably means yes." They wanted to banish the idea that women like 'rough sex'. If the woman has said no, then she means no. Si wan Haywood, co-ordinator of the campaign sa id, "We wanted to destroy the image of rape being a vio- .

lent act that happens in a dark alley by a complete stranger. More often than not it is initiated by someone the victim trusts, someone they know." The group took the legal definition of rape, "sex without the consent of the woman". Trying to dispel the fallacy that is often suggested that the victim was 'asking for it' . Siwam Ha ywood said, "No woman asks to be raped, no matter what they are wearing. It's the prejudice that we wanted to stop." This is the first survey of its kind and was sent to 7,000 rolleges throughout the oountry, and shed light upon the shocking statistics that are involved. A huge 1 in 9 women claimed to have been raped, 70% of w horn were raped by prop let hey knew, often even their own boyfriends. 'Date rape' is defined sexual assault by someone who is known to the victim . OftC'n a woman l11 ahusC'd hy a man who she was Intimate with and trusts. In these situations the victim often feels that she is in some way responsible for his behaviour. The fear that she is not going to be believed and that she is to b lame explains why so many cases go unreported . In a recent RadioOnedocu-

m Pntary on rape a victim said, "People don't see you as a victi m, they see you as a participant. I still bel ieve th is even tho ugh I was pu shing him a way and saying no . I th ink he rPally tho ught I did n't mind. " Altho ugh dat e rape is rife na tionally, its seems to be a part icular proble m on the university campuses. Female students suffer from the social pressures of the university environment. The new found freedom at be ing away from home, living in mixed halls and the high ratio of men . Alison, a first year student living in halls at Hatfield Polytechnic, had a traumatic experience when within her first week, a fellow student sexually assaulted her. "A crowd had just been to the SU bar and I had gone back to a friend s room for roffcc. When I got up to leave, he suggested that I stayed the night. I refused and went to the door, but he pinned me against it and wouldn't let me leave." '1 broke free and ran to my room and locked the door, he the started knocking on my door and shouting that he knew I was in there. I was really scared,! couldn't help thinking what could have happened." The survey found that a third of those raped don't report the crime. Guilt and self accusation prevents them. DrLi zKelly,fromtheManchester Rape Crisis Centre, found that when women report rape they do not receiv e the support they need. She identifies the situation where a student was raped in a university hall of residence by another student. When she reported it to the university they were unsympathetic, claiming that if the assault came to light she would be 'playing with his !If~' . Th~ unlvNRIIy al11o didn't want the bad publicity that would inevitably be involved. "There are many situations where women report . Those in a position to support often end up protecting the man, rather than supporting the woman."

In a recent issue of 'Cosmopolitan' I was intrigued to see the usually dull magazine had an article that caught my eye. Well wit h a head line like "a woma n put her hand down my trouser.>" w ho could resist but cast their eye ove r the page? The writer of the article cla imed that a "swimmer model" had "groped" him on a bus in Turkey . What was worse, she d ldn't seem to be very subtle about it, she went straight for the nether regions of this poor innocent 18 y ear old student who was trying to see the world. I think he saw a partoftheworld he wasn' t expecting. Now if it had been a man he w ould have waited for the bus to jolt and then taken this opportunity to fall head over heals into the cleavage ofthe woman next to him Men seem to have perfected the art of harassment. As I read further Into the art icle I realised that this was no joking matter. This forth-

right woman had obviously traumatised a pubescent boy. "This is a gross invasion of my persona l space, I thought. I am being assaulted .. those ring-encrusted finge rs found their prey and clasped it. I froze. This was doing nothing for my castration complex." It seems that he' s not the only person with a castration complex due to ml5-treatrnent from women. I was talking. or rather laugh ing, with a friend about this article and she mentioned that she had a friend (male) who was pinned against a car by two rampant women whilst walking down the street. Then she put a hand over her mouth and pleaded, "Don't ask him abw.t it thoog}\ because he still hasn't got over the shock". Toby, a second year, when asked the same question felt that he had been on the receiving end of this normally male-dominated crime. During the summer he had worked in a word processing office

with 15 women. '1 w as continu ally harassed, they got this hu ge fake condom,. about a foot across, and every morning I w ou ld come In and fi nd it on my chair. They mad e ru de remarks, and suggestions like whether I was getting enoogh". I still wasn' t convinced that reversed harassment could really be that d istressing for a man, but To by insisted that it was, 'There's an element that just for once it's the other way round so it's quite funny, but when it was rontinual it wasn't funny." I'm starting to feel sorry for these poor victims of female sexuality, surely it can't be that bad . John, a third year student, echoed what seems to be the case fort he majority of the male population. When asked whether he'd been sexually harassed thought about it for a while and then admitted that he hadn't, "But I'd like to be". Typical.








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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992



Campus Watership Down Melissa Weiland looks at the sorrowful story of UEA's infamous rabbits. Diana Bell, DEV lecturer, has just come in from feeding the rabbits, which has taken four hours. "We had to feed them commercial rabbit food," she explains, pulling off her muddy wellingtons. ''We've never had to do that before." She's referring to the beloved furry research subjects of UEA's School of Biology, which had to be moved to another habitat earlier this month due to the construction of the new Constable Terrace. The Biology Conservation Area, which has been a haven for rabbits, other small animals and rare plants for over twelve years, was bulldozed only last week. Bell and others spent months systematically moving the rabbits to a new, synthetic warren on land owned by the university. ''We sort of have to act like surrogate parents now," she says. "I don't want the new area to be a zoo; I want it to be a natural colony." Butthearea is not conducive to thal It lacks the proper vegetation needed for a natural colony, and is also in an area popular for dog-walking and poachers. The original rabbit warren, just outside of 810, had been an ideal setting, Bell says. It was a complete! y natural habitat, formed 26 years ago when the university first bought the municipal golf course that made up its campus. The rabbits moved them-

selves right into the old golfbunkersand had been living there for years before Bell and other animal biologists began studying them in the early eighties. Bell believes it was the proximity of the rabbit colony that made it the best studied natural warren In the world. "No other Biology department in the country had a research area like that on its back doorstep," she says. No one has ever tried successfully to move a warren, and BIO researchers wait in anticipation to see if the rabbits will retain the old social systems in which they were moved, or if they will even survive. Third year BIO students Neil Honess and Katherine Lohfink have spent many afternoons studying the rabbits in their new "home". Bell says that she wrote to landowners all over Norwich last autumn, trying to find a new habitat for the rabbits. For now, tht>y reside on land allotted by the university, but she is still looking for an additional location. Michael Benson, spokesman for university authorities, says that the Constable Terrace site was chosen only after a great deal of research and debate. "The university had to grow and develop," he says. "It couldn't stand still." He says that the site on which the Conservation Area sat was by far the biggest of all potential

building sites, of which there were few. Ian Gibson, Dean of Biology, does not agree. "I still believe that the residences could have been build elsewhere," he says. Gibson feels that while many people have expressed concern over the movement of the rabbit colony, few have understood its larger implications. "It's been a disgraceful episode in the history of UEA," he asserts, "a dreadful lesson for scientists in BIO that are doing work that is not considered major, that does not bring In a lot of money." According to Michael Benson, the decision to build on the BIO site was merely the answer to a question of priorities. He says it was a very difficult decision between an important area of research and the long-term growth of the university. But, he adds, the fact that the university gave 810 "a significant amount of money" to relocate the warren reflects the seriousness with which it regards Bell's research. Bell says that 810 was assured, following publication of the UEA site development plan in June 1989, that they would have at least six more years before the original rabbit warren might be considered for a building site. Benson disagrees. ''The university was very careful about saying that no long-term research should be started on this site,"' he

insists. Whatever the case, researchers in BIO intend to carry on in their study and support of the new warren, which lscontinuing to cost them money. Bell says she hopes that the new colony will prove a benefi-

cial experiment both in moving rabbit colonies and in re-introducing a species to the wild. As for the continuity of BIO's eight years of research, "It is destroyed" she says. So far all of the work done to maintain the rabbits has

been voluntary. Bell says she could use a full-time graduate student to help her in her work, since just feeding them seems to take all of her time. ''!'he university's struggle is over," shesays. "Our'sgoeson ... "

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

University of Extreme Apathy Societies find it difficult to keep active metnbers, lecture theatres are getting etnptier and even the bar has to protnote the idea of drinking. Jacqui Mackay asks, what motivates people into action? REMEMBER back to that first day at UEA when you were probably to be found wandering, bewildered, around SOC MART where ~ccmlngly hundred~ of cliff erent activities were on offer. It appeared that university needn't be just study and drinkingafterall.Anything was going to be possible, from scuba diving and morris dancing to joining the political or pressure group of your choice. Yet how many students do spend their years at UEA obtaining a degree and not much else (except perhaps the drinking capacity of a concrete elephant)? Rag is UEA's largest, and probably most active, society with 480 members involved in events such as the Jail Break last term and recently Rag Week with a full diary of activities aimed to raise money for charity. Fiona Williams, National RAG Rep., said, ''With RAG membership everyone gets discounts for all events which people lEnd to take advantage of. For the rest of the year however, they don't do much. However, this year we've got a lot more first years organising things, such as RAG week, as a result of raising our profile. There is an apathy problem though - the committee always ends up doing everything." Another society with impressive numbers is the crawl club which offers a range of drinking binges to its members. However, of the 280 who have joined, only between 20 and 40 people will turn up to their weekly pub crawl. It seems that once a degree of commitment is required to be any place at a particular time the enthusiasm to do something wains. This Is possibly because of the academic timetable that all students are necessarily slaves to. The last thing most of us want after having to attend seminars and lectures all day is to have other appointments we feel pressurized to keep.

Most seminars are fairly well attended and seminar leaders expect them to be. When lectures are optional attendance l<'vels ran vary gr<'ally and lecturers may use mechanical means, such as having attendance sheets signed, to keep a check on numbers. Even though students have opted to study a subject for their degree it can sometimes become too much effort to show continual interest throughout the 3 or 4 year course. Sport is an area at UEA that often encourages even the most apathetic student to break out into a sweat. Keeley Smith, Sports Editor of Concrete, believes the very reason why well over one third of UEA students are involved in any one of the 40 sports clubs here, is that they provide a distraction from books and essay writing. "Sport is a chance to break away from the academic pressures that everyone feels at some time or another." Members of these clubs bear this out, believing that sport Is played for the team and competitive spirit and also purely for fun as well as to achieve fitness. Many students who play sport are carrying on

" in reality the society with the largest membership is the apathetic society" an outside interest that was nurtured at school and welcome the opportunity to continue their participation . The Christian Union has 120 people on its lists and the average turn out at a meeting is 90, a figure that would surely impress any club president. Even with such a large membership, Kirsty Barlow of the Christian Union, would like more.

''We'd like more people to come along but the people who do are very committed". Apathy do<'s not S<'<'m to l'<'ntr<' a~ murh around activities where the responsibility for organising them is someone else's and when the end is easily obtainable. It is pressure and political groups requiring iniative and commitment that suffer a lack of response and the fact that within any society it is only a small

to occupy and demonstrate against student poverty, are proving that active students can get together and make a difference. "CAS! I ha!'l shattered the taboo subject of "direct action" and many people will feel uncomfortable with that, because it puts the crux of responsibility for their position back on to themselves", said Dee. Voting in general elections is a form of action that directly affects the make up

This years sabbatical election hustings- just 30 students went

minority that are active. When asked, most people say they are concerned aboutthird world debt but when Environmental Link tried to get a quorate UGM (236) to pass a motion to enable them to ease third world debt through a union boycottofUoydsandMidland banks, not even half the people needed to make this possible turned up. This was despite the UGM also being held for hustings for the Sabbatical Elections. With the resent occupation in The Council House, many saw a return to the political sixties when apathy was a dirty word. Dee Lynes, SWSS students CASH member, who has been actively involved in organising the campaign, said, "People say they care to ease their conscience but to cure it is an active quality. Apathy has achieved cult status - it is used as a justification for inaction". CASH, the society formed after the spontaneous determination of 260 people

of our government Labour, the largest political club at UEA with over 60 memhers, have been canvassing on campus to get an idea of voting preferences in the forthcoming General Election. Lizzi Watson, Labour Club Member, is angry at students apathy. "At a time when we are in a position to do so much about the future of our country it is astonishing

how apathetic students are about the power they have in the vote. This disinterest has become the norm and it's proving hard work to change that." This apathy is reflected within the university itself -less than 800 people voted in the sabbatical elections recentlycompared to1,100 (1/Sth of all students) last year. The recently re-elected Nicola Sainsbury, Academic Officer, said, ''The turnout in the election was

PHOTO: Son 8 Huang

a reflection of student participation and awareness of the union in general. This is partly because its seen as u ntrend y to be a part of the union, that it can't affect their lives anyway and the old image that it is run by political hacks when in reality no decision I make is based on politics." " The sabbatical elections are to choose four people to work full time in the

union and I'd hope a few more people would take an interest. At the moment it comes down to how many people you know not who would be best at the job". It is interesting to note that there has only been one quorate UGM this academic year (prior to the occupation) and yet the LCR can draw between 800 and 900 people on a weekly basis. The equivalent of nearly eleven full grants (22,000) is spent in university bars every week. Yet Tom Balls, Bar Manager, recognizes that even the Hive needs to lay on pro. motions, such as 'Live in the Hive', to increase attendance and takings. Obviously student apathy cannot be judged wholly upon participation in university activities. Many students attend films, play, concerts, clubs and bars elsewhere and belong to external societies. It seems hard however to fail to notice an air of general apathy, in particular a lack of social conscience, starkly different to the popular images of students evoked by the 60's campaigning for change. So much for the future. Would it be cynical or perhaps a bit too close to the truth to suggest that in reality the society with the largest membership at UEA is the apathetic society?

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992


IB·Jit:1mt1Features Gambling Feature Headline "What are the odds?", asks Martin Highmore. "ALL OF life is a gamble, man!", quipped a particularly philosophical S(X third year, when I enquired about his opinions on the subject. Traditionally society has frowned upon the pastime of gambling in all its forms. With both government and religion fearing the upheavals created in society by people deciding to devote time and money to betting, rather than to good honest work. The competitive ideology of the free market and the belief in religious providence are two possible casualties of the gambler's lifestyle. However, these views have been re-evaluated over recent years and the Briti~h government regard~ the situation pragmatically; whilst it must not be encouraging, or stimulate gambling practices, it has recognised that it is better to have legally controlled outlets, and that it is a thriving industry which provides some social benefits. The European Community has just published the results of a survey it commissioned and was shocked to find that gambling is the EC's twelfth largest industry, bigger than computC'rll,ollandgall,and with a mark.•t ~hare of an t'norrnous £..12 bil-

lion. So why do UEA students spend

their meagre grants in this unconventional manner? Many replied that they used betting as a social event to be indulged in occasionally during a term.

"one UEA gaolbier visited the local casino and tasted the glatnourous surroundings for an evening, whilst tnaking £150 out of an initial outlay of £6 on the roulette wheel. " One example of this was to go to the greyhound track at Great Yarmouth and spend an evening both drlnklng and placing hrls, hett lng in total often lc~s than a lcnncr.

Are European students better ofr? Gill Fenwick and Jacqui Mackay investigated the student life of our contemporaries on the continent. 1992 istheyearin which the single European market will see Europe at last become one. UEA already has many links with European Universities and has a large intake of foreign students. However, what is university life like in Europe, and who has the better deal? Universities in France, Germany and Sweden are free and are funded by ~late ~uh!!idiarie~; in 1988, the French Government spent 1.000 million French francs on their Higher Education. In Rritain, ht and 2nd year student~, with a full grant and maximum loan, are provided with £2,845 a year; which leads a German student to comment, "the most generowl European Government, is the English". Local Education Authority funding in Britain is related to parental income, as is the state supply BAFDG, in Germany. Next Autumn, BAJDG will raise their funds

l . . . .... .

by 6 per cent. However, British students have to begin paying their loans back 10 months after graduation- providing they are earning 2/3 oftheNational Average. Where as, Ger-

"the most generous European Governtnent, is the English". man 11tudent11 only have to pay 1I 2 of the amount; tlwy have 15 years in which to repay, but do not have to begin untilS years after leaving university. Jorn Ebner, a German student at UEA,explain~that"whattheyget,

is enough to live on fairly comfortably". In Sweden, grants are provided according to personal income, and students are offered loans from

This can be seen as a relatively innocuous activity, with the outlay of minimal wagers and high possible returns. Another instance was when holidaying in such exotic climes as Spain, one UEA gambler visited the local casino and tasted the glamourous surroundings for an evening, whilst making £150 out of an initial outlay of £6 on the roulette whed. The serious student gambler at UEA is quite well catered for, it seems. There may not be a casino on the plain yet, but there are enticing fruit machines in both the Bar and the Hive, and dotted around Norwich there are numerous betting shops, these euphemistically til led "Turf Accountants". Both methods, it would appear, are habit forming and indeed even addictive, with one study highlighting the effect on levels of adrenalin stimulated in the body from contact with the lights and sound effects associated with fruit machines. Indeed, one of the interviewees stated how it took only a couple of minutes to pump £3 into a fruit machine if it doesn't decide that it wants to pay out any prizes. In fnct with such machines thC' <Xids are stocW agaln.'lt the punter the government as well. A full grant is £150 p/m and a maximum loan is £43) p/m, a Swedish student sa id that "they manage without a problem", but food is very expensive. It is estimated, that after a 3-4 year degree programme, having taken out full loans, a student can be £15,000 in debt! As far as community life goes, Sweden is probably worse off, they have no campus, and Halls of Residence are not run by the university. The Student Unions in Britain, usually run the shops, catering, bars, activities, societies and welfare, which helps to promote a community spirit and a good sociallife. The German university social facility is the '~udenten-Werk', which provides cafes, hostels. sports, catering and accommodation, and a student has to pay a minimal fee to be entitled to the services. Franre ha~ 'The Centre National and RE'gionaldesOeuvres Universitaires et Scolaires', whose role is as a cultural stimulus, and also their social welfare facilitie~. The average co~t of Ilnlls o(l{esidence at UEA, is £321 per term. However, in European countries, a majority of students live at home and attend local universities,duetolackof accommodation and the expense of travelling. In Hamburg, Germany, a student may have to pay about £300 p/m for a 2-room flat, however, in Munich conditions are worse, one

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from the beginning with most machines in England being at around the 76% payout rate. Perhaps then its time to take a flight to the USA and in particular

The serious student gambler at UEA is quite well catered for, it seems. visit Nevada, where many arcades boa~! a pay out of npproxlmn!ely 94%.ln the Guinness BookofRecmight have to pay over £400 p/ m. German students usually live in hostels, but it has been known for them to live in tents, sometimes housing 20 students, due to the lack and expense of accommodation. A French student described the state of her accommodation;

Gertnan students usually live in hostels, but it has been known for them to live in tents, sometimes housing 20 students, due to the lack and expense of acconunodation. "the halls of residence are hopelessly inadequate, we end up usingpublictransportwhenweheed a place to revise", and this situation can be compared to Fifers Lane and UEA. Rooms in Sweden, are larger and better furnished than at UEA, and they have their own bathrooms. Students can also live there during their whole degree course. An average meal on campus at

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ords, Nevada is quoted as having the highest ever payout from a slot machine, when in 1988, Cammie Brewer at the Club Cal-Nev won an amazing total of $6,814,823 A more benign method of gambling would be to take part in a state run lottery. In other European nations, notably the Eastern ones, such institutionalised lotteries have been used by the governments in a similar way to the tax placed upon cigarettes. The status of gambling, betting and speculation is ambiguous, it is not inherentlyevilbutexcessiveindulgence leads countless poor souls to a living hell. UEA cah cost between 85p for a baked potatoto£2 fora mealatthe Diner, and a pint of beer is ranged from £1.10 to £1.60. France and Germany have similar price ranges; a 3-course meal in a French university restaurant costs about £1.00 in 1988-89, and the state provides 50 per cent of the cost of making the meal. In Germany, there is also subsidised 9tering, at Hamburg University, a range of 5 meals are on offer, from soup at 60p to £1.70. Lunch ln Sweden can cost about £3.00, and beers cost £2.00 - £2.50 at university and up to £4.00 in the cities. Many students work to increase their allowance; the British Students Union, pays £lOO an hour, where as, the German 'StudentW erk' pay their students £5.00 an hour. M;ost French students work during t~rm-timeto pay their way through university; Swedish students are not allowed part-time work during term, but in the summe vacation, they can earn between £3,000 and £4,000, however, they are taxed heavily. Through this research, we decided that as far as the loan and finance system goes, Germany is way in front. Britain comes a close second,andlthenFrance, because they do not get large subsidises from the Government. Sweden comes last- sorry!- but food and taxes are just too high, and what would we do without the famous British student social life?

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992


Television Advertising Too Watchable? Cathy Davis looks at the new style of T.V. advert APPARENlLY the quality of television adverts in the U.K. is too high. People are so busy following the stories, the lives of the screen families, that the product is forgotten. So there you are watching the next instalment of "Yuppie Love", !!he's coming over to scduoe him, but, Oh-nol, some stra nge woman (ex-lover? girlfriend? wife?) has entered the picture. Is the relationship over before it's begun? After all, this unknown woman likes coffee too ... We all wait in breathless anticipation. But what was that coffee again? Similarly, the gravy families - the nuclear family teasing each other as dad (radically) cook'! or mum thank..c1 goodne~~ for adverts (very witty) or that modern divorced family the ex-husband dealing with his exwife' s new boyfriend whilst their cute red-haired son thinks it's all pretty funny. Again, which gravy was it? I remember it definitively came in granules but now so does coffee and tea (remember 'the student's' rather amazing room) and just about everything else. In fact in some adverts the product seems to be the least important thing which, to tell you the truth, I quite like but I wouldn't have thought the companies did . Recognisable people - families, couples, groups- seem to be one oft he most popular forms of advert . I don't just mean famous personalities recommending or 'being' products- Jerry Hall, Bovril body or George Bush, visit the USA- though this obviously works too, but relatively unknown people in 'ordinary' life where the product is barely mentioned though of course, it is in some way essential. For example: the weight watchers family with Granny, mother and daughter, or Robhie Coltrane with granny, Maureen Lipman and family, or the school kids eating

crisps. All these are enjoyable to watch and so watchable that fa me often seems to follow in real life. The men in the jeans adverts are the most obvious example but there are others more obscure. Remember J.R. Hartley looking for his book on fly fishing? He has now become a minor cult figure and his book has now been created and sold. in shops

this Christmas . He also made appearances on 'The Word' and 'The Clothes Show'. The world of advertising is a strange one. I'm always curious to know why they make their decisions. "Who's been pulling your Pilsner?",

"I enjoy adverts- they are usually well•nade, often co1nic and easy to watch. 1-lowever, I feel that I an1 capable of ntaking my own decision when it comes to what I buy" my personal favourite, is always associated with men. Why is this so? Perhaps the answer is obvious: groups of men drinking in pubs is a common activity, humour is linked to good times, so having a laugh with your mates in the pub is the im-

"People are so busy following the stories,that the product is forgotten." age. But a large amount of people who drink beer are left out, for example women or anyone over the age of thirty. In contrast, another product, chocolate, can be sold by any number of different scenarios. Again maybe the answer is simple, anyone anywhere can eat chocolate so the range of advertising possibilities is that much greater. But why then is it that the cereal Fruit'n'Fibre is targeted at the farcical level of an ingredients combina-

tion counter blowing? Whereas another high fibre cereal is shown as 'common sense' (with coy references to constipation). Why Is it also that women's bodies are used to sell alcohol, specifically liqueurs and chocolate a !I W('ll as p<'rha ps th(' more obvious soap or shampoo? In the Tia Maria advert, the black. model, lmah, seductively shows off her body with the pun on drinking after dark: the black woman becomes the exotic drink. Similarly, in the Galaxy advert the model wears the chocolate coloured silk dress, thus becoming the product. However, it is quite inter~t ing to S<'<' a c hang c occurring, moving away from 'buy this product, buy this woman' and an increasing use of men's bodies to sell products: jeans, razors and so on. Though these products are still relevant to the body, they do lie in baths having orgasms over chocolate. Certain advertisers still have yet to realise that gratuitous glimpses of women's bodies may irritate a large number of viewers. The woman in the glass lift taking off her clothes and shaving her legs and armpits, both areas easily available with her clothes still on, always annoys me. Most of the time adverts seem fairly harmless but it is perhaps at its most disturbing and morally reprehensive when they specifically target children. Children's toys are represented as a necessity, otherwise your child won't fit in or be happy. They are also, apart from anything else, outrageously expensive. Obviously advertisers for these goods want to hit peek children's viewing but as you watch advert after advert of bikes, computers and new complicated toys, you begin to wonder what exactly children are learning by watching television. Add to this the fact that younger kids have fairly hazy conception of the value of money and they will find it difficult to understand why they can't havethe latest toy. The advertisers are playing rather nasty games with children's desires. I enjoy adverts - they are usually well made, often

/ comic and easy to watch. However, I feel (perhaps naively) that I amcapableof making my own decision when it comes down to what I buy, it is probably price rather than name that informs my choice. However, I am becoming increasingly aware

of their more disturbing elements. Adverts may be becoming less sexist, less racic;t, less stereotypical (thought this is arguable!) but the underlying motive is to create desire for a product, often by employing feelings of inadequacy, and this is not

morally defensible. Advertising is increasingly an integral part of modern living and perhaps,toreturntomy original point, it is a good thing for us that it is increasingly a form of entertainment rather than indoctrination.

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992


The Great Beer Price Debate Step hen Howard stares into his pint of beer and asks "why are they so expensive". At first glance, the Unions beer prices seem like the rip off that you have always assumed they were. The beer certainly costs more than at the various 'Student Night' promotions in nightclubs around the city, and more than many of the other student bars you may have visited around the country. But it seems that there is more to it than it at first seems. Tom Balls ,Bars Manager, is employed by the Union of Students commercial trading arm, 'Student Un-

means that the lager itself ing department _(the people actually costs the bar only who still run Breakers and about57p. The restthough The Diner) in October 1988. The Unions agreement to is far from profit. The greatest cost beside this fee, which is levied as the drink itself is the cost of the staff who serve it, which amounts to a staggering £136,447 per year, equivalent to 30p on every pint sold. Tom Balls is defensive on this point though: "We inject £1600 a week into the student economy through our casual student staff wages". 7% of pub turnover, is now The cost of employing widely seen as a mistake fewer staff would be longer by Union officers, but the queues at the bar, he in- Union has signed on the sists. dotted line and is bound Other costs including heatby the agreement. ing, maintenance to the bars The University now plans and their equipment, and to inlroduce a similar replacing gla$eS, which to- charge for the Hive bar, gether add a further 18p to the price of a pint. Much of this cost is unavoidable, such as the £B()(X) annual healing bill, but some of the cost is laid firmly at the feet of students: '1n the Autumn term we spent over £9000 replacing glasses, more than three times what a brewery would have allowed for a pub of a similar size which could push prices elsewhere"'. The most contentious part up even further. When the of the cost of a pintthough Hive was built the Union is the Unions annual rental officers at the time assumed payment for the pub - that no charge would be £38,833 a year (£185 per levied, since the bar was term-time day) straight to inside UH and was built the University. This is by the Union itself (unlike described as "Exorbitant the pub). This years sabbaticals are and in my opinion totally resisting the move strongly. The remaining 11%, or 15p a pint, is the profit made. This is either handed over to the Union itself (from the trading company), or retained to enable further investment. This money l" U!tcd on major projects, such as the refurbishment of the downbars, which happened stairs unjustifiable" by Tom, who following the take6ver from explains that at many other the University, or the conUniversities no charge at struction of new facilities, all is made. as The Hive. Again such The charge, which equates this is in contrast to other to 9p on the price of a pint, was negotiated by previ-- Universities, according to ous Union sabbatical offi- Tom Balls "If you look at cers when they took over other Unions which charge management of the pub prices substantially cheaper from the University cater- than ours you will inevita-

"In the Aututnn tertn we spent over· £9000 replacing glasses"

"The gross profit of the bars operation as a whole is 56%"

"the cost of the staff •.. amounts to a staggering £136,447 per year"

ion Services (East Anglia) Ltd'.

This company was set up by the Student Union many years ago to operate and manage the various commercial outlets around the campus that now include such things as the Paper Shop, Supermarket and Sports Shop as well as all the bars. The directors of this company are none other than the four Union sabbatical officers, who are assisted and advised by a large number of staff in-

"The profit shot up to £71,000 in 1991 (a 1300% increase) to create enough profit to fund proje·c ts such as the Hive." eluding the Bars Manager. According to the official accounts from the company, which are compiled as a legal requirement each year, the gross profit of the bars operation as a whole is 56%. If you take an 'average' drink such as Castlemaine lager which sells at £1.29 a pint, this 1•


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bly find that they have managed their bars for a substantial period of time and long since paid off the initial investment". This expansion policy is a definite aim of the Union. The profit for the bars shot up from £5300 ln 1990 to £71,000 in 1991 (a 1300% increase) as part of a deliberate policy to create enough profit to fund projects such as the Hive. According to the company chairperson's report that accompanied the 1991 accounts "the increase in profits (for all outlets) was due to a conscious decision by the Student Directors to produce higher surpluses... instead of the operations being treated as services... to allow the Union to continue with the development on non-com-

mercial activities". The which are rumoured to report further comments include more shops, gen"it ls planned to continue eral repair work and a 'new look' to the top floor of the with this policy". building. Is the price worth 15p is the price we have paying? It seems the drinkto pay for developments like the Hive .and further ers o.f UEA will decide. works planned for UH


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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

concrete City Special

concrete City Spec ial

early, it goes on until lam. On a different tack, a club that few people know exists is full every weekend. Samantha's, above the infamous Festival House, holds ''Fatal Attraction"


"studenty", same admission applies, and some lucky female could win '1-ly's Girl of the Week"' and a bottle of pink champagne. Go to it, honey. Music is average LCR fare, and dress should be

RITZY: "The music policy is supposed to be indie/ alternative/ Manchester(?), but there was some MC Hammer and some ska Stars on 45 " on Friday nights. The music includes metal, indie, hardcore and punk. Entrance is £2.50 before 11pm, £3.50 after and there are no student discounts, but beer prices are normal pub prices. The surroundings have been described as "dark...pretty black" and the devotees range from a couple of punks, a few gothy types in cor-

"clean and tidy", so leave the para-boots at home. Now, to the Jacquard. Unfortunately, I couldn't find many people who'd been recently, but curiously, those who I spoke to couldn't stop singing it's praises. Tuesdays is house and garage downstairs, funk, jazz, and street soul upstairs, Wednesdays is psychedelia, and Thursday Is that everyone seems to agree provides the best music to be had in Norwich, whatever your taste, it would certainly be a sad ending if people stopped going. Other nights include Fridays Indie/ Dance/Rave and much the same

The Norwich clubs are creating student nights -with bargain prices, Jody Thotnpson looks at the alternative night-titne pursuits offered off catnpus. The general lmpres.«Jion from people I talk to from Norwich . (townies to you), is that students never bother leaving campus for a night out, except perhaps for the obvious Peppermint Park. As a result, clubs or specific nights fail to succeed due to lack of support, then students claim that Norwich is boring and there's nowhere to go, culminating in a chorus of voices mumbling "S'pose we cou Id go to the LCR... at least we'll see people we know... " A rather dismal portrait I'd agree, and I'd like to think it's not true. So I set out to find exactly what Norwich does have to offer students as an alternative to the LCR, and the opinions of UEA-ites who have bravely hit the town and sampled the disco delights themselves. Starting with the obvious, Peppermint Park has three nights worth a mention. Mondays "Pure" night is only £1 entrance with an NUS card, £1.50 with student I.D., draught beers are £1.20 a pint and there are no dress restrictions. Downstairs, the music is mostly indie/ alternative, and upstairs it is rave. Quite a comfortable club to be in, not too big, so you always spot those people that you really wanted to avoid. It's usually pretty packed with a studenty crowd, though not just from UEA, ie art students and City College types, so a fairly

wide mix, indud ing the odd shell suit. According to Tim Riley, ENV 3, the music is always danceable, it's a good atmosphere and it's always full of girls and blokes on the pull. Be warned, there's usually a spate of Grease megamix-type music at some point. Hopefully, you'll be drunk by then. Wednesdays, the same prices apply, but the music policy changes. Downstairs becomes very LCR-like, and upstairs is indie. Not such a good night, as not as many people go, but apparently it's still full enough to make it good, and is still "pretty happening"(!). Current promotions Include your flrstd rink free with a flyer, given on Monday nights and in doordrops. Upstairs on a Friday night at P.P. is "Intense", playing hardcore rave from 9-2am. £2.50 entrance with student I.D., and drink prices are approx. £1.80-£2 a pint. Not a particularly studenty night, the crowd consists mostly of young Norwich lads out to "drop and dance", but all students I spoke togave"lntense" the thumbs up. Said Jake Banbridge,SOC3, "It's a good atmosphere.. .it makes a change not to be mixing with students all the time." Downsides include being charged £1 · for a pint of iced water, which is possibly illegal, and having your jacket pinched, which definitely is. Dress to dance, or drown in

your own sweat and probably someone else's. Another rave night which pro- · duced enthusiastic responses was "Rhythm Formula", held fortnightly on Thursdays at the Manhattan Suite, formerly Spencers. Admission is £3, and drinks are normal club prices, around f2 a pint The music varies from harocore to garage, the place is usually fairly full, and the crowd

"The general impression from people I talk to from Norwich is that students never bother leaving campus for a night out" consists mostly of students and ''beautiful people". Opinions ranged from " ... it's better if you're on E..." to "you have lo like the music", and generally the decor was seen as tacky, despite attempts to hide the mirrors with drapes and smoke machines. '!he last word goes to Grace Young, EAS3. '1liked it, I'd go again.. .it's better than the LCR. ..." The Manhattan also runs another rave night every Wednesday(they don't actually do Rhythm Formula

themselves) and an indie night on Tuesdays, from 9-2am, £2. admission. Ritzy's are also attempting to drag the students in on Monday and Wednesday nights. Mondays "Pure Juice" has an admission price of £1 and all drinks, including spirits with a mixer are an amazing 80 pence. And no, the beer's not watered down. The music policy is supposed to be indie/ alternative/ Manchester(?), but this was not really the case the first night, as there was some MC Hammer at the beginning and some ska Stars on 45 at the end. It did have a party atmosphere though, there were a wide variety of people there, townles and students alike, and everyone seemed to be having a really good time, the dance floor was always pretty full. Should be good when it gets going, but downsides include getting very cold if you arrive early, as Ritzy's is huge, the decor Is very "nightclub" and the dancefloor is very slippery, nota good idea when drinks are so cheap. Verdicts ranged from "It was a really good laugh" to "I mean, there was some guy MOONWALKING on the dancefloor..." But you can't knock a cheap pint. Wednesdays at Ritzys sees "upfront dance music" being played, but according to Tim Riley,ENV 3, they do concede to playing "Happy Mondays and


all that indie stuff'. Pints are £1.20, but recent promotions have included 50 pence a pint, leading to one anonymous student having "...a brilliant time.. pulled a woman ..." Romance is not dead. Admission is £2.00, but there are plenty of fliers around to get you in for £1, or even 50p. If you can't get hold of any, ring Ritzys and they'll send them to you. Can't say fairer than that, and last week it was "simply heaving". Another night doing exceptionally well, and my fave place to get into the groove is ''Frenzy", Saturday night at the Waterfront The music is varied, from classics to indie to rave and more and Is never naff, despite being tongue-in-cheek at times. The only criticism is that it could be more upfront. As Ben Freake, MAP 2, said, "Frenzy" is " ...r.eally good, but the music's not so good". Fingers on the pulse, please. Nevertheless, all verdicts were positive, the atmosphere is laidback, the surroundings spot-on, and the variety of people it attracts is the most diverse and friendly I've seen in Norwich. The easiest game to play when not dancing, however, is "spot the sixteen-year-old". Entrance before 9pm is £1 with student I.D., £2 after, and draught beers are £1.50 before lOpm, normal pub prices after. People have been turned away recently as it has been so full, get there

Last, and certainly not least, The Loft and The Attic provide venues for gay nightlife seekers, but obviously, you don't have to be gay to join in. See the next edition of Concrete for a feature on Norwich's gay scene.

WATERFRONT: "The music is var-

ied, from classics to indie to rave and more and is never naff, despite being tongue-in-cheek at times."


on Saturday, but with more house. Tues-£1.50 with student I.D., Weds-£1.50 with student I.D., Thurs-£2.50 with student I. D., Fri£2 with student I.D.,£1 before 11pm and SOp more for the Saturday night. Normal pub prices, but plenty of promotions. So people, get it throbbing once more.

In the meantime, remember there if life beyond the LCR, I haven't even managed to cover it all here. So for god's sake go for it, and prove the "townies" wrong.

All Photos: Son B Hu1mg

ners, rockers and, lo and behold,· reggae. Many people said they'd been ordinary people, a pretty good mixture in other words. Even previously, and especially regardfood is served. To sum up? John ing Tuesday, the atmosphere was Kent CHE 3/Good for a good said to be ''brilliant"', "really good place, really good music". mosh...brilliant!" Other opinions were "it's dark Hy's, a place not normally considered a student haunt, is a and dingy, but the music's okay"'

PEPPERMINT PARK: "Downstairs, the music is mostly indie/alternative, and upstairs it is rave~ Quite a corn-·

· fortable club to be in" possibility mid-week. A new night and as for the reggae night "it's a on Tuesdays is "Shoot The Ca- real sad drugs den full of ageing nary", with bands from the afore- hippies". Whatever, the Jacqard mentioned CD playing a short has seen glory days, and people half hour set, with a disco laid on still like it, but it apparently needs for the rest of the night. "trendsetters to sort it out". £1 to get in, 9-2am and from 12As Damian Hosford ENV 3said lam, all drinks are half-price. '1like it alot..I'd be well upset to Wednesday night is also ' see it close down." Fot a place


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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992




Arthur Smith ... 'Water laugh!' Peter Hart talks to the graduate and comedian about his

days of poetry reading in the UEA fountain UEA graduate, Arthur Smith, returnstothe LCR on Sunday, but he will not be enjoying the rntertalnmcnt...he will be providIng Ill Since he left the university In 1977 he has done everything from roadsweeping to market research, and, he adds, "that terrible thing that Arts graduates end up ln -teaching English as a Foreign language." Questioned as to whether he enjoyed the radical days of UEA. he says: "'Yes, I rather enjoyed being a student - I guess students are all miserable and Morrlsey fans nowIn those days it was all anarchy and radlcallsm.

"I guess students are all miserable, and Morrisey fans now" "I was the Chairperson of the Poetry Society, and we used to give readings standing In the pond In The Square. It was deeper then; you could dive Into it on a hot day." Arthur says he remembers the financial hardship students were fared with: in his second year he lived in a tent, near where Waveney Mountain is now.

It Is rumoured that he ran for President in the Student Union. So 1s the rumour true? "Yf's," says Arthur, '1 was a joke candidate. I had a plt1urc of my buttocks on my poster... my campaign was that you shouldn't vote for me, because my plans were to shut the bar at 9, and I didn't give a toss a bout Hors ham." It would seem that Arthurwas quite a character at UEA: those who remember he describe him as Ha lively sort." What does he think of this? "God! It sounds like I'm dead!" But he says, "' did used to fart around with Nexus doing sketches. I used to do stunts and things ...a bit of a wanker to be quite honest, but If you can't be a wanker when you're a student, when can you be?l" After Arthur had worked In all the jobs described, he says "I suddenly found myself being paid a little bit for doing comedy, and now I don't have to do anything else." And what Is his 'brand' o( hurrour? "Well I will be doing my stand-up set on Sunday, which Is really pretty silly - I don't claim to be making profound political and philosophical statements." But as well as being a comedian, Arthur Is also a playwright. He Is co-author 'An Evening With Gary Llneker', currently enjoying extended-run success In the West End.

Interview- Abi Patton meets Jamie Hewlett from the comic, 'Deadline' What is so special about Worthing? Jamle Hewlett, that's what. Who, you ask? Jamle Hewlett Is probably the only thing of worth to have come from Worthing. He Is the creator of 1'ank Girl' (the girl from Australia) who Is as far awayfromKylle as you could possibly get. She cannot sing a note (and some say neither can Kylie) but she knows how to handle a tank and a six-pack. Her creator was only 20 when he displayed his talents In the first issue of 'Deadline' In 1989. How did he get Involved? '1 knew Brett Ewln11 who started Deadline, I'd met him In a lecture at some college or other and we just stayed in touch. He knew my work quite well and I kept sending him stuff as I did it." I assumed that this was Jamle's first work, but it soon emerged that he "did some rovers fora few crappy computer magazines."

The notorious Tank Girl

He says the play presents more 'serious stuff': ltlsaboutfive people watching England versus West Germany in the 1990 World Cup, and "'fantuy, sex and drinking!" Although he says he does not have a role model ("'You give those up when you are 22 because you meet them and discover they're a prat,N) he does enjoy the humour of Paul Merton, Alexi Sayle and Victoria

Wood. ( On &mday he Is suppated by Mark Lamarr and Stewart Lee, both of whom he knows. "'Mark Is very funny and has a tremendous halrrut_a aoss between Flvis Presley and someone with a very stupid haircut."

Tickets to see the Comedy Night In the LCR next Sunday are on sale for £4.50 In advance. But we have 5 pairs to give a way, courtesy of Union Ents. Simply come to the Concrete office (Room 2.29, HAS) between 12 and 2pm this Wednesday (March 4) and tell us who is married to Lenny Henry. The first 5 people with the correct answer, after 12 m, each win a air of tickets. Note- our dedslon is final.

There are no computer magazines In sight now- Jamle asked the 'Senseless Things' if he could do their artwork for them: just because I really liked their music." He has now given them a very recognisable Identity. Was he ever an art student? 1 did 1 year at Horsham Art Schoo~ which was really horrible, and then 2 years at Worthing Art College, where I met Alan Martin, the writer for Tank Girl." Was it helpful? "'No. I did a really boring graphics course ...soi spent2 years going to parties!" So who does he admire most? "l)cflnllely Chuck ]ones, the guy who drew Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck." I wondered Jamle likes to add social or political comments In his drawing. "No," he replied. "Sometimes I'll slip something In, but I don't get on a soapbox- nobody would listen." Surprisingly, Jamle does get bored with drawing comics. He would like to get into films (a Tank Girl film Is in the offing) and he Is also planning Graphic Novel.


Joeland Ethan Coen, are the flag-bearers for the art-house movie which scooped the largely non-commercial Palule d'Or at Cannes in 1991. In the film, Pink Oohn Turturro) ll ves up to his name as a condescending Broad way playwright who is lured to Hollywood by the scent offilthy lucre, whilst naively convincing himself of his own artistic integrity. After checking-in to a startling visualisation of 'Hotel Callfomia', Barton meets the film's most outstandingly cliched character - studio boS!I, Jack Lupnick (excellently over-played by Michael Lerner). It Is Inside the nightmarish hotel, whilst Pink struggles with his writer's angst over a wrestling script for a film to star Wallace Beery, that he meets his neighbour Charlle Meadows (the now dangerously ruddly John Goodman) who claims to be an Insurance •alesman. As a writer, patronisingly champion-

Stewart Lee, who has written for Smith and Jones and Spitting Image, he describes as "a thoughtful, bleak and obviously very funny oom!dian.'' Finally, has Arthur returned to UEA since leaving? "'Yes, I was back last May- I stayed in one of the guest rooms whilst on a cycling tour of the Norfolk Broads. I came down In the morning only to find my bike had been stolen .. l remember it being stolen last time I parked it there, about 15 years ago. I had a man standing beside it with a nuclear weapon, but he dazed offf' Arthur Smith certainly sounds like a very funny man - I will not be missing his show on Sunday.

...Tony Sweeney looks at 'Barton Fink', from the Coen brothers lng the 'common man' Olke Maedows) Flnk is too self-obsessed to really listen to his story; but things bemme more exciting when a bloody murder takes place, and the hotel becomes the venue for some serious 'jiggery-pokery.' It Is the intriguing style of the film that bear• the authorial fingerprints of the Coens, with the gratuitous use oE potnto( view shots and exoticcameraanglea and movement, combined with extreme close-ups and exaggerated use olsound. The movie reaches an excellent ellmu with a fiery vlalt from aomeone almost certainly related to the Devll; the Coen's distinctive style Is becoming Increasingly Influential.

Sound City '92 The latest update on bands who will play the waterfront at Sound City '92 are : Carter, Cathy Dennis and The Pasadenas. •

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-c:.-.r •• r. .... .a&t:t,. .....


Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992



ilm The Last Boyscout (18)

UEA, Lecture Theatre a Oneffwo, 7pm Admiss ion £1.75 (6-7pm, UH foyer)

Reviewed by Peter Hart

MAROi Thu 5 : City Sllckers Prt 6: ]a cobs Ladder Sun8/Mon9:SUenceoftheLambs Thu 12: Let Him Have It Frt 13: Fisher l<lng Sun 15 : Way Out West/Night at The Opera

Joe Hallenbeck (Bruce Willis) is a private detective, relegated from his hot-shot job - where he once saved the President's life- to routine protection work. His teenage daughter hates him, and his wife, he has discovered, is having an affair. Life seems to be tough, and so, W i11 i~ ha~ d i~covercd, is making a good film . His flops to date number at least 5, including The Bonfire of the Vanities, Hudson Hawk, and Billy Bathgate. Hallenbeck is asked to protect Cory, the girlfriend of ex-LA Stallions quarterback. Jimmy Dix (Damon

Mon 16:NtghtatTheOpera/Way Out West Thu 19: Shattered

CANNON- Tel623312 Adm£3.40 UP UNT IL AND INCLUDING THURSMARCJ-1 5 Screen 1: The Last BoYJCOUt (18) at 2.30, 5.30, 8.10 Screen 2: Star Trek VI {PG) at 2.30, 5.30,8.10 3: JPK (lS) at 2.05, 7.05 ~torn 4: Probll'm ( lllld 2 (PG) et 1.30,6.00 Also. Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey {PG) at 3.15, 8pm

ODEON • Tel 0426 932450 Adm £3.50/£1.50 stdts untU 6pm weekdays UP UNTIL AND INCLUDING THURS MARCH 5 Screen 1 : Prince of Tides (15) at

1.15, 5.15, 7.55 Scrr.m 2 : Father o( the Bride (PC) et 1.45,3.55,6.00,8.20 ·Screen 3 : Snow White (U) a t 12.35, 2.30

Also My Girl (PG) at 4.25, 6.25, 8.25 ONEMA CITY-Tel 6221M7

Willis - his best since Die Hard

Wayans). He is their ex-player because he was accused of gambling and drug abuse, and soon Cory becomes his ex-girlfriend, when she is brutally murdered. Inevitably, Hallenbeck and Dix wind up working together to avenge her death, uncovering a plot involving all the old favourites: blackmall, extortion and a cheating politician. In theory, the film should be successful, coming fromShane Black, the man who penned Lethal Weapon; the musical composer is Michael Kamen, who has contrib-

uted to the Die Hard films, as well as Robin Hood . Willis is at his best since DieHard, both witty and gritty, although Wayans- who is less convincinggets all the best lines. There are plenty of high speed, all action chases, plus numerous fightsand shootings. These are all well filmed and well timed. Do not miss the film if the violence concerns you, something like Van Damme's Double Impact is far worse. Maybe this film is not a blockbuster or Oscar winner, but it is well worth the visit.

FILM COMPETITION 6 pairs of P S S L B Cannon ZETNE s c o 'u 'T filtn w ·R s ' t A I E E·c ·v tickets T .T R ' AI ,U BTVPRQ to be A E t 'N PE RL C .CU 1T won! LREGM I S LRLMY ISABO

We have teamed up with the Cannon cinema in Norwich, for a competition. This word search contains 10 words connected with The Last Boyscout (cu rrently showing at the Cannon). Simply circle the appropriate 10 words In the grid (written horizontally, vertically, diagonally and backwards) . Then cut out the wordsearch, and put it unde r the door of the Concrete offlce (roo m 2.29 In EAS), together

FMA· D -PL · B · E V IT CETEDTL .O E ·E : F :o :o :T : B .A : L . L ~Q : R : S ~P ~C:F~D: C~ R. L NI A FMO E R SF P _O , L IT I C S

with your name, and a means of contacting you (school and year, for example), before Tuesday of Week 9. The first 6 correct wordsearches drawn after the closing date will each win a pair of tickets to see The Last Boyscout. The words to find are: LAST, BOY, SCOUT, PRIVATE, DETECTIVE, RX>TRALL, POLITICS, LEAGUE, SECRET and SERVICE. Please note that only one entry Is permitted per person. No correspondence will be entered into and the Editor's d ecision is final.

Dam on W ayans as J immy D ix

Adm £2.50 etdts, 0.50 Prllate MARCH Until Sat 7 : Dellcatessa.n (15) at 5.45 and 8.15 with Tues/Thurs mat. at 2.30 Fri 6 : Silence of the Lambs (18) at 11pm Sat 7 : fiT (U) at 2.30 Sun 8: Casablan<3 {PC) at 5pm Thelma and Louise (15) at 7.30 M on 9- Weds1 1: Dellcatessan (15) at 5.45 with Tue11 mal. at 2.30 also Enchanted April (U) et 8.15 Thun 12 - Sat 14 : Enchented April (U) at 5.45, 8.15 with Thurs mat. at 2.30 Fr113: Blade Runne r (15) at llpm Sat 14 : The Roc:keteer (PG) at 2.30 Sun 15 : The GrNt Monasteries and A Man of Peace (PG) at 2.30 Also Diplomatic Jnununity (15) at Spm and The Field (12) at 7.30 Mon 16 - Sat 21 : Mississippi Masala (15) et 5.45, 8.15, with Tues/Thurs mat. at 2.30



NOVERRE - Tel 630128 Phone for prices & film details.

Prince Of Tides

Father Of The Bride Reviewed by Martin Highmore & Nick Hargaden

Reviewed by Sop hie Power Prince of Tides Is directed by, and stars, Barbara Strelsand. She plays a psychiatrist, Susan Lowenstein, who is trying to unlock the key to her patient's past, In order to discover the root of her problems. Her patient, Savannah, is mentally unstable, and cannot recall her childhood, w hich is essentia l if Lowenstein Is to carry out her Freud ian analysis. As a result, Savannah's brother, Tom Wingo (Nick Nolte), has to stay in New York, so he can act as his sister's memory for Lowenst ein. In the six Summer weeks, pred ictably both Lowenstein and Tom uncover all their own surpresscd unhappiness . They also have an affair in the p rocess. Th ey change each other's !Ives, and Tom - being the good southern guy

-comes to see his faults. He knows his duty and returns to his wife a nd three daughters - although his passionate love for Lowenstein continues. The plot Is u noriginal, it has little depth, and it prolongs eve ry emotion possible. The characters are qu ite ste reotypical; th e ha rd, yet sexy fema le psychiatrist is softe ned by the manly, yet lnsecu re, southerne r. Ma ny of the lines are 'corny', and they are cspedally nauseating w hen accompan ied by romantic music. Despite th ese ov errid lng fau Its, it Is quite a n absorbing fil m, wit h some ve ry d istu rbing mome nts wh en the past is painfully brought to consciousness. If you enjoy love and psychology combined, then this film is worth a viewing.

Waile eoery effr1rt is rrlllde to enswre the ucvracy of I hest listings, you liT!

tllltri!td tote~ tltt 'DtntU

to check. before ytJNleimel.

revenge . He hunts the family of the lawyer (Nick Nolte), ind ircctly responsible for

'------------...J getting~i':' ~ nt ~~wn.,




by the end of this motion picture he has shifted tot he realms of a kind of galloping freudian regression, where upon he childishly argues with a supermarket manager, and spends a night In jail for his troubles. Throu ghout the film capable eostars such as Dlane Keaton as the m;){: her of the bride and the amusing Martin Short as a wedding organIser, are given little to do apart from react to the frolics engendered by Steve Martin. As with many Steve Martin films, this picture fails by attempting to serve both as a vehicle for his undoubtable comic talents, whilst trying to retain the from of th e fil m . In Parenthood this juggling worked, but in Father of the Bride, the effect lend s a disjointed air to the film, leaving only la rge doses of syrup in order to keep it together.

brief look at releases over the next few weeks

Watch out for... CAPE FEAR - Robert De Niro stars as a psychopathic ex-convict, out for

Father of the Bride is the title of the latest Steve Martin comedy extravaganza, and is a reworking of Vincente Minelli's light comedy of 1950, with Martin taking Spencer Tracy's lead role. This reconstruction diffe rs notably from the original in the way that the director Charles (Baby Boom) Shyer has opted to reduce the movie to a series of sometimes outl andish moments. The story begi ns w it h a haggard piece of narration descnbing the trials and tribulations that are endured en rou te to the maniage of one's daughter, from the trainer m anu facturing fat her Steve Ma rtin. The charact er Ma rt in plays sta rts off in the script as a n almost Incestuou sly possessive patri arch, if his behaviour towards his prospective son-In-law Is anything to go by, and

It has been described as far more terrifying than last year's box-office smash, Silence of the Lambs, and has already been tipped to scoop a number of Oscars. Martin Scorsese diretcs. .. ·. ·.

4 •'· '' ~

MOBSTERS : The Evil Empire Th is features Christian Slater, Patrick Dempsey, Richard Grieco and Costa s Mandylor. It 's about the rise of the infamous 'mobsters', in~ luding Bug!!y Siege!. "~- ~· 1'··~ .... . . . ... .

BlACK ROBE - The film blurb hypes this as better than Da nces With Wolves; the tale of a seventeenth century Jesuit priest who, In the French-Canadian wilderness, tries to cop~ wit)'\ more Ind ians ... _ ·· ·· ·.... . . -··

Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992


Music ToriAmos

WATERFRONT· 766266 MAROi Th• 3: Schocl1 Bind Heat (£1.50) at 7.30pm Pri 6: BLAZB· featurtns Mesa aty Four (£5.50 ad•) at 7.30pm Sun 8: UttW Matthew and the Intention~ (£2) at 12pm Al10 The Mad Profeuor prennt1 Root. Dauptan ShoWCH (£SS) ad Y)at 1plft Thu 12: School BuiQ Heat (£1.50) at6.30pm Frl 13 : BLAZB - featunns Curve (£5.50 adv) at 7.30pm Sun 15 : ~ Brothen Blu• Band

Norwich Arts Centre, Feb 19 Tor! M os played a 90minute set to a paked Norwich Arts Centre audience. The gig was originally booked for the LCR but at the singers request for a smaller and more intimate venue it was transfered to the converted church. 'Tve never played in a church before. It's nice." She said In her drawling American voice. Alone on stage with just a piano and a bottle of Evlan, the flame-haired singer with a piece of string holding up her jeans performed her angst ridden songs from the album "Little EarthQuake". It's impossible not to compare the sensual and clear voice to the likes of

Kate Bush or Slnead O'Connor. The 300 strong audience were enraptured by the Intimacy of the whole set. The autoblogra phlcal song "Me and My Gun", about her experience of being raped, created a stunned silence throughout the audience. Without the piano she turned and directly faced the audience to sing this powerful song. She was supported by the acoustic guitar player Boo I Iewerdlne. A Norwich version of Billy Bragg who has his own cult following, creating the wonderfu I atmosphere In the auclence that Tor! Amos heightened with her passionate songs. Polly Graham

Preview Ian McCulloch Cited as one of the true rock personalities of the 80s, ex-Echo and the Bunnymen front man, Ian McCulloch is back on the scene playing UEAon Wednesday March 18. With his new album "Mysterlou" out In March and his single "Lover, Lover, Lover'' heading up the charts, Mac seems pleased with his work saying that the album reminds him of llunnymrn rock at Its best. The album features cameo performances from Cocteau Twins' Llz Fraser and Robin Guthrie, and AztecCamera's Roddy Frame. Its been a long time since Mac has played at UEA so it should be worth checking out. Simone Dunn

'ABBA' to play UEA Swedish supergroup look-alikes will come to the LCR Australian ABBA impersonators, Bjom Again, will play the LCR on May 20 (Wednesday Week 4). They come to Norwich as part of a UK tour, and look set to get people evrywhere hopping away to all those favourites, like 'Super Trouper', 'Voulez-Vous' and 'Chiquitlta'. Said Gavin Hudson, Entertainments Assistant at UEA, "They call themselves the ABBA clones, and it really wlllbracaiK'ofspotthrdlffi'Trncr." And he added, ••they come on stage and speak with Swedish accents, and even throw chocolate money and sparklers Into the audience!"

Gavln explained that people often 'dot he lot', and come dressed in 70s gear for concerts such as these. Tickets are on sale from Tuesday March3 at I lam A number of other major acts are also signed up in preparation for next term. They include the agressive Rock Band, 'Hawkwlnd', who play on May 10. 'Til'vorandSimon',thrcomrdyact who found fame on the 813C's Colng Live!', will entertain in the LCR on May 12. Tickets for that will cost


Al10 Ouasidouacu (£3.50 adv) at 7pm MClll 16: Sdloola Band Hut (£1.50) at7.30pm

PHOTO : Daniel Ke1111edy


Manic Street Preachers The Waterfront, Feb 21 When the lights dim,. it's all anticipation- The Preachers have a lot of claims to live up to and the album,. 'Generation Terrorists', only does three-quarters of the job. The Preachers don't linger -lt' s not their style- and "You Love Us'' (their opener) Is debilltatlngly good. James Dean Bradfleld is a fallen angel and essentially tonight is his show. lly "Born to End", he's on his back and his guitar is screaming and two people are being hauled off the stage by the staff every song. People are kicking the lights about and stealing the microphone stands and there's sweat coming off the ceiling. I've never seen stage crew this nervous. Something Is happening tonight, something like a band delivering all they've promised and more. Their job's made cosier because the albums a classic- 18 songs and 18 godlike tracks- but the actual performance Is devastating wlthJames changing from the rock'n'roll romantic in a track like "Little Baby Nothing" ('Rock'n'roll Is our epit-

tlon-al style instrumental, that bears little relation to the rest ofthe set but is impressive all the same. Whattheband does best, however, is play well-crafted jangle pop that ocaslonally strays Into folk and even -dare I say it- shoegazerterrltory. This · is exemp lified · most in t he songs w hi c hth ey have re Iease d in s ing Ies. With guitarist, Glles Duffy, playd( db k i 1k n~ I camanpo.q.~'IC an realng several strings) the 5 piece S<:urrie d t h roug h furiously-pace d ver. dod sIo.ns of : Seasonstream,. wih t its gy Pet~r ]Iart P ixies riff, an d t he W on d erstu f{- In£650. fluenced Thisness. ThesewereinterspersedwithsimiI~ larly high-quality tracks from the The Waterfront, Feb 27 new album, Hands On, the result Anyone who turned up to the LCR Frontman Stephen Bames acts even being an hour of raw energy Rock to see the fated James gig last term, more like a puppet than Tlm Booth, music. will probably already be acquainted and, with their 'in vogue' T-shirts The closing couple of tracks ended with Slough's Thousand Yard Stare. selllng fast, they have no real need to the set with similarly energy. The Their performance at the Waterworry about the odd throwaway last, Get What's Yours, was a typical front last Thursday serves only to single. Yardies thrash-out, complete with highlight the band as potential conThe set opened, amidst swirling feedback and yet more broken tenders for the former'-!! crown. drv ke wjth 'Junkettlni;' a Levita!11-rlnlrll. Jamie Putnam ~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~--~~~~~~~


Tllousand "ard Stare


ome') to the poet in revolt In a track like "Repeat UK" to just plain. blownaway hero in a track like "Slash'n'Burn". He can even make his purple-black slacks look as sexy as anything and In a similar way, this band can get away with anything, whether it's their Guns'n'Rose.s cover, "'t's so Easy" or some of the things they've said The lasy track is their debut single, "MotownJunk''- Jamestakesoffhis shirt, and when he gets a cut above his right eye from a flying glass and the blood's all over his face, and he looks like a boxer. But they keep playing to the frenzy and over the dying words of "We Destroy Rock'n'Roll", Ricky James (the guitarist) hands his microphone and stand into the audience to be destroyed before exiting, and avoiding the Irate stage crew. I'm reduced to the single words that were on Jame's shirt, to mere song titles; NScars", NDead", "Love", "Void" ..."Condemned to Rock 'n' Roll." ferry Sheldon

Rock in the City By Peter Hart The Hard Rock group, D-ROK will visit Norwich on April I, as part of their Oblivion '92 tour. The gig, at the city's Waterfront venue, wlllbcalmostthclnstofatourthal has covered all of Britain. from DumfriestoNewquay. Theirsetwlll Include the single 'Get Out Of My Way', which features a guitarsolobyBrlanMayofQueen. The band- described as ''tough as old boots" by Metal Forces mag ·and their newly-formed Warhammer Records label say they want to get this sort of live music out of rock clubs. TheiralbumlssellingfastattheGazre~

Workshop stores where it is available. They look on the road to success.

NAC· Tel M03SJ (..1 bepn lpm) MAROi Fri 6 !'Stan Tracer Octet (£4 c:onca) Wed 11 : IIUC Culllory lr John


Redboum (D c:onca) Thu 12: LondClft baroque (£4 aJnCI) S.t 14: Wdd Oillcl8ud•(£Sc:oncs) atlpm UBA

MAROi Tue 3 : Rhytllm 'n' Blues (PrH • Hl•e) Frl 13: Shakeepear'1 Sister (37.50 adv) Tue 11: l..oYe/Hate(£1.50 aclv) Wed 18: leMtCulloch(£6.SOadv)

Latest Releases .... Jody Thompson looks at the latest from Spitfire and The Frank and Waiters SPITFIRE "'Freemachine"' EP (Eve) Release date:2nd March "Wild Sunshine", the lead track crashes In with urgent drurm, wild hairy wah-wah guitars, a world ravaged vocal. and drags you off to oblivion. Oblivion is a rather splendid funky punky rocky hedonistic heaven, with a hint oft he 60s. Jeff Pitcher shouts "We're alive!", shakes his tambourine and leads the celebration. glad to be mad. NS!ide" is a beautiful, hopeless and somehow joyful slow drawl of a track. despite the minor key. Reckless abandon, joyriders of vinyl. THE FRANK AND WALTERS "'f:P 3,. (Sctanta/Go!Dlscs) Release date: 9th March They craft simple, classic, catchy guitar-based tunes about people and events that •touch them'', so lead track "'The Happy Busman" is about Andy Jane, a local driver they know, who's •gonna make the whole world smile with love", "'The World Carries On" has a really bittersweet feel to it. They' re nottrying to be anything other than themselves, and such honesty makes a refreshing change in music.




Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

The Rest... NAC-Tei660J5l

MARCH Until Sat 28: International Print Exhibition Until S.t 29: Toy Box (exhib.) Thu 5: Trial of lady 0\atterley (£3 cone;) it 8pm S.t 7: Jererny Hardy (£4 cona) a.t8.30 Fri 13 : A Beautiful Life (£3 rona) at 8pm

UEA MARCH Wed 4 - Thu 5: The Old Story ((2.00/Cl..';(l) at Rpm Sun 8 : Comr.dy Night, LCR (£4.50adv)

KING OP JIEARTS • Tel 766129 MARCH Until Sun 15: Bur /Nirol/Bur· ' gen exhibition· aee review

WATERFRONT· Tel766266 MARCH Tue3-Thu5: Matea(£4/0)at 8pm Sun 8 - Wed 11 : Grimaces (£3.50/£2.50 from Drama OerkOUI!A)

If you would like your evtnl {tll · tured i11 the Cottcrett Listings then rJivme Pet~ Hltrl 011 592799.

The King of Arts? By Caroline Worthington 'The King of Hearts' - a playing card? A new nightclub? A local pub? No, none of these . For in the heart of Tomb land nestles an inconspicuous new art gallery and street cafe. Set in a sixteenth century merchants house, recently renovated with timbered ceilings and mullioned windows, 'The King Of Hearts' is 'a meeting place for prop!<' and th<' arts where people are put flrst whether they be viewer or artist', according to enthusiastic director, Aude Gotto. It's current show combinIng the talents of three local artists (Including an ex- UEA student), Barr, Nicol and Burgess, promises much. Sculptor Robert Barr returned to England from Brazil last year. This show represents a years work. Using a variety of medium from An caster stone to alabaster, Barr's sculptures are subtle and range from complex interwoven couples such as The Triumph of Defeat' to a cheeky 'Puck' squatting nonchalantly In the corner.

At the age of nineteen Ernest Nicol was accidentally burned alive . His autobiographical prints disturb and frustrate. They are vivid recollections of dreams relating to this experience. Darkly atmospheric, we either enter Into or emerge from tunnels towards Islands of light symbolic of memo-

ne. Formrr Ulo:/\ Atud!'n l Trrvor Burgess (f~S 1982-1985) has a collection of figure paintings on show . Characterised by a vigorous and heavy handed application of paint the viewer has to work hard in looklng closely at the pieces - only slightly hindered by the cosiness of. Burgess' work spans the dark and subtle tonal changes of 'Woman Hold ing Man' to the lightness of 'Man Walklng' apt forltssettlngin the cafe. This is an Inviting show In an Informal and friendly atmosphere, superb for the unlnlated In art . The King Of Hearts can be found at 13 Fye Bridge ~reet, and the exhibition Is until March 1S.

At lhc junction of York Street

John Hegley NAC, Feb 15 Something of Dave Alien's conversational style together with the audience empathy generation of Richard Digence and material that, thankfully, Is nothing like Pam Ayres; these are inadequate descriptions for the comic wit and verse of John Hegley. This friendly funny-man went down a treat at the NorwichArtsCentreand he S<'rm<'d to enjoy him'lclf Increasingly as the aud le nee warmed; particularly when he revealed a decent singing voice along with a glimpse of his more expansive potential. His material is mostly of the hyperbollica lly-a necdotal variety- but then most comedy is. He also managed to

Book Reviews The And y W arhol Diaries, by P. Hackett Covering the period from his heyday In 1977 to the fatal gall stone Incident in 1987, The Andy Warhol Diaries Is a large tome, offering a detailed description of his day to day activities. The Diaries are edited by thelrcompilerand longtime Warhol acquaintance Pat Hackett, who also wrote the

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authoritative Pop Art book,. Poplsm, and she is probably the best choice for such a laborious task. This volurre takes the reader through everything that is enta lied In being the world's foremost Pop Art weirdo, from his multitudes of dinners w ith Hollywood stars, to the minute details of how much each cab journey cost. Frequently during the diaries the reader is show the cynical, calculating side of Warhol, the part of his personality that set people up to fight for his attention and subsequent enjoyment. At eX: her times we are shown brief glimpses of his confused and often childlike persona.

restrain himself when tending to obsess about his glasses and dog pre-occupations, with the audience more than willIng to allow his psychological washing another rinse. Only some of his material was felt in reprise, notably his rain-forest joke about the 'mahogan toboggan' a phrase that only a poet of saintly disposition could resist milking. Hegley's understated style, together with atmosphere of the venue, encouraged a cosy audience partldpatlon, while the ukell'le Is certainly more than a gimmick. He even offered a hint of folk-comic self parody, when after carefully rehearsing sections of the audience In their respective choral roles he neglected, sorretimes, to go for an actual 'take'. It was all excellent, clean fun . Tony Sweeney

Martin Highmore looks at 2 new publications On The Trail of the Assassins, by Jim Garrison For those who cannot face the prospect of spending over 3 hoors perched on one of those uncomfortable cinema seats, this here book is the perfect method for you to gain an Insight Into the conspiracy surrounding the assassination of President Kennedy in 1963. On the Trail of the Assassins has just been reissued to coincide with Oliver Stone's epic film JFK and is one of the books on which the film Is based. Written by one time New Orleans district attorney Jlm Garrison, this book takes us through the various stages of his Investigation Into the murky events, from the initial news of the assassination

Mainly forWarholphllesthls diary also has much to offer the casual reader, due to Its details portrait of New York during the Seventies and Ei hties.

Loves Labours Maddermarket, L OSt Feb 21-29 Although Loves Labours Lost was written four hundered years ago, it might well have been written today for all the relevence it still contains. Four lads renounce the world and its temptations In favour of Intellectual pursuits. Their resolution Is such that nothing can alter the course of their chosen pact. That Is, of CD..! !"Se, until the girls arrive. Each_ as beautiful as the next, they proceed to steal the lads away from their books by stealing their hearts, love proving itself a better tutor than any philosopher. It Is a beautiful, If fleeting, thought that one could get through finals on love rather than Descartes, but such Is the essence of Shakespeare's most criticized, but most enjoyable play. Of course, the lads are called noblemen and the girls, damsels In Shakespearian language, butt he theme remains constant and is addressed superbly by the Norwich Players In their production. With a set resembling a preRaphaellte painting, an atmosphere of romance is, at once, created. It wouldn't have been half as effective however, If it hadn't been compllmented by so~ excellent performances, the character of Don Adriano De Armada being particularly entertaining. Indeed, there wasn't a truly weak performance In the enUre cast and UEA'sown Davld Schnlder played Costard the Clown with an enthusiasm w h!ch suggested years of practice! Loves Labours Lost has proved that the Norwich players can turn to Shakespeare as easily as to Tennessee Will lams and can perform e!therwlth equal style. PRul GrRinge to the unsuccessful trial of conspiratorCiayShair, and beyond. As a reader we also get to hear about the struggles with such powerful forces as the corrupt military /ClA intelligence departments and the attacks on Garrison by the propaganda enforcing media are also examined. The book eloquently states Garrison's theory that the assassination was part ofa coup d'etat by the military intelligence complex,. and as such serves well as the ultimate nail in the coffin fortheMafia/lone gunman hypothesis proposed by the Warren Commission. Well placed and actually quite exciting the book asks many valuable questions about the activities of groups such as the OA everywhere. Both books are donated for review by 'Waterstones' on the UEA campus, where they are also on sale.

Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992




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English and American Studies

MA Programrnes in the School of English and Arnerican Studies NEW MA PROGRAMMES In October 1992 the School of English and American Studies is launching four new one-year taught MA programmes . These programmes will draw on the existing research strengths of the faculty of this multi-disciplinary school and are designed to reflect contemporary ' theoretical discourses . For many students, we expect these MA's to be a stepping stone for further graduate work. The programmes mark an extension of our already successful existing MA's; they are designed to interact with each other through a modular system. Each new programme will consist of four taught courses followed by a disser~ation, the topic of w hich will be chosen by the student in consultation with his or her supervisor. In additio n to our exis ting progra mmes: Studies in Fiction (formerly 19th & 20th Century Novel) Creative Writing (with a Publishing option) Film Studies we are introducing: American Studies Restoration and 18th Century Literature Women and Writing Culture and Communication

All programmes are firmly based on our special taught postgraduate seminars. For each programm e there are two or th ree requ ired core semi nars- these are made up to four by the addi ti on of one or two cmtional courses. (Two seminars are taken each term).

Further details from EAS Room 2.41

Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992



A wolf in sheep's clothing. Angela Carter's death was a blow to the literary world, and to UEA where she used to teach creative writing ANGELA CARTER died on Sunday 16th February aged 51 of lung cancer. She was one of the boldest, most innovative writers of these times, reversing gender conventions and throwing a new light on the erotic and macabre in her writing. There was a streak of self-conscious perversity in her work as she embraced themes which were deliberately provocative, opening up debate. For example, she wrote favourably of the infamous Marquis de Sade. However, she is probably most well- known for the film 'ACompanyOfWolves' for which she wrote the screenplay along with Neil Jardon. Lorna Sage, senior EAS lecturer, journalist and critic, knew Carter for several years and was instrumental in getting her recognised as a writer whilst other reviewers were generally dismissive of her work. Lorna, unusual\y, went out of her way to meet her because she found her writing so extraordinary and was the writer of "The Savege Sideshow", a profile in 'fhe New Review'. Angela Carter taught creative writing for several years, some of those at UEA. Among her pupils were such diverse and

acclaimed writers as Booker Prize winning Kazuo Ishiguro and Pat Barker, author of ' Union Street' . She was heavily influenced by the'60s(when her work was first published), especially by the underground student scene. The feminist element in her novels came from the sixties radicalism

Ang~la Cart~r

dent in 'Heroes And Villains'. Here men are seen as little more than beautiful sex objects, all body, no brain. It was like a primitive sex war - lets do it back to them! One of her great regrets was that the text, as a medium, restricted her from being as ab-

with Amuican Author~ss Grau Palq

Kate Webb remembers the glamour of Angela Carter. I took this photograph of Angela Carter and Grace Paley - the American short story writer- on a very cold day nearly ten years ago. We were on the underground in London, taking the Victoria Line to Brixton for a day trip. It's not a great picture, but it is a good likeness of Angela I think, with that jutting chin and the glamorous dreamy look in her eye (probably she was just squinting myopically at the tube ads). At the time I took the photo Grace was visiting her British publishers, Virago, and through them she'd met Angela- a fan of her tough and sardonic New York stories. The admiration was reciprocated and although very different kinds of writers, perhaps what they recognized in

in an "atmosphere of radical change when all sorts of things were discovered to be matters of culture ... somehow women were excluded from this." One way in which she sought to revolutionise the way women were perceived was through the type of role-reversal as is evi-

one another was a similar kind of sensibility: they both combined an acute ear for cant with a wry sense of the funniness of life. Grace was keen to see parts of London that might match her own working class neighbourhood in New York and we were keen to show off Drixton, which had just come of age as a community with its first anti-police outburst that at times had felt more like a carnival than a riot. We had a good day: Angie and I proprietorial escorts up and down the Front Line, eager to pointoutevery last pile of rubble and the still-wet paint on Woolworth's hideous new "community" mural, then back through the market to buy green bananas and red mullet, all the

while competing to tell Grace our riot stories. We were anxious that she shouldn't think New York had anything in the way of progressive street-fighting that we didn't and were keen to impress upon her the multi-racial stance of our South London insurgencies. In Brixton we rioted against heavy-

not politics, that got the English really animated. A few years later Harris is a difficult writer who, as Angela saw, "baffled" the critics. The problem was one of ea tegorisation: ''The person who is interested in his kind of mysticism isn't interested in the struggle

"when I interviewed Angel a for a Channel Four film ... I was struck by her warm sympathy and the quality of attention in her answers." handed policing, not against each other. And afterwards drinking tea and eating ham sandwiches in a back-room cafe on the Coldharbour Lane (which later the characters of her last novel ''Wise Children" were to inhabit), Grace got her own back by quizzing the customers in the nasal East Village twang about the weather in the streets (wet), and proviqg that it was ~till that, and •

against colonialism. Those that are interested in the struggle against colonialism would tend to be put off by his familiarity with the language of transcendence. One way or another, he hasn't had the kind of criticism that has hit the particular pitch that he writes at.. the thing about Wilson is that he is absolutely not assimilable to any stereotype, not: are the people. he writes

stract as she would have liked. She thought that painting and music were better mediums as they had a greater potential for abstraction. Surrealism and 'Dadaism' we.-e great influences for her and she advocated a "Utopian anti-art" (one of her famous stock phrases according to Loma Sage). Carter is a difficult writer to classify. Her work did not fi into acceptable genres and she was essentially an outsider, just as she was when she lived in Japan, looking on from an alien point of view. Though she was a marginalised figure, she has come to be a representation of and reference point for the marginalised. There is a feeling in EAS that it would be appropriate that a creative writing fellowship should be dedicated to her name. Lorna Sage agrees wl th this, though she did point out that Carter failed to get one in her lifetime. Now, after her death, Angela Carter may well become a cult figure and Lorna predicts "she will prove to be one of the really great writers.,. (Thanks to Lorna Sage for her help. By Charlotte, Corinna and Dedorah) about.• Which was pretty much the thing about Angela Carter's own life and writing, too. Perhaps because she herself was such a flouter of conventions, was, asSalmanRushdie put it, "on the side of the bastards• and of bastard forms, she was able to respond so generously to someone who wrote from the corners of the world and not at its centre. More likely it was simply that as a writer what excited her in Harris's work were the suddec.,. explosions in his novel into perfect lucidity - "the nakedly straightforward transfiguration of the world into art.. In one of the stories, there's this aunt, the one about the doomed frail couple. The aunt comes in and she's leaning on her stick, and her stick is the rain - and it just knocked me out, I though that was it! I've never read stuff like it! Well I have, the only other stuff I've read like this would have been the Ballads. It was simply an image that took your breath away, the simplicity, the straightforward ~ ness of the imaginative process."


Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992

concrete Publisher Stephen Howard Editor Polly Graham Arts Editor Peter Hart Sports Editor Keeley Smith Sub Editor Gill Fenwick Advertising Simon Mann Arts Layout Simone Dunn Contributors John Barton Toby Leaver Melissa Weiland Debbi Brickell Charlotte Caise Corinna Neil Hopcroft Cathy Davis Tim York Martin Highmore Jacqui Mackay Son B 1-Iuang Shawn Hurley Kate Tom Knowland Jody Thompson Katherine Mahoney Neil Bamden Thanks toProf Chris Bigsby Steve Sadd Clive Ashby Thuy La Benders Keegan Livewire Concrete is published independently at UEA . Concrete is funded entirely from the advertising contained within the paper. We do not receive financial support from outside sources, other than from advertising. Opinions expressed are those of the contributor, and not necessarily those of the Publisher or Editor (C) 1992

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If there is anything that you feel strongly about, whether it is the content of CONCRETE, or son1ething about the University which really gets you going, write to: The Editor, CONCRETE, EAS or bring it to Room 2.29, EAS.Allletters tnust give the authors name. If there is anything you think we should be writing about, drop us a note, or call us on Norwich 592799 (internal number 2799)

Who really is the hypocrite? Hannah Towns (letters 19/2/92) clairr6 that she Is not a hypocrite and by Implication that those who were Involved In the Occupation are. What did we hope to achieve, she ask.CJ, adding that the majority of students Involved "simply want lower beer prices and cheaper concerts". She, and other students who are quick to criticise without getting Involved may be Interested to know that as a direct result of the Occupation, the folJowing have already been achieved: 1. The University has stopped charges

for photocopied handouts required for courses and extra-curricular language courses, pending an investigation at the end of term. 2. The Campaign Again~ Student !lardship (C.A.S.H) Is now a Student Union backed Action Committee and Is continuing to campaign and pressurize for a better deal for students. 3. Negotiations are progressing rapidly with the University to provide better nursery facilities, a rent freeze and fairer allocation of Access Funds, to name but a few. All these directly affect student's abilIty to support themselves. C.A.S.H and the Occupation have made people think about student poverty. They have put it on the agenda for the University, the Student Union and in the public eye locally. C.A.S.H Is an organisation which alms to help students In their fight against poverty and to ensure that higher education does not close Its doors to those unable to afford it financially.

It saddens me that Hannah finds it

embarrassing when for the first time in six years students raise their voices about Issues that affect them and get results. Perhaps she would like to discuss with the Students Parents Group why she feels that better creche provision Is not an Issue of student poverty. She might even be less hypocritical herself If she were to offer some suggestions at CA.S.H meetings which are on Tuesdays at 1pm In the I .cR. rather than simply writing lettt!l'"!l to Concrete.

Abigail Joffe

Fight for cheap beer I am writing, as many have before me and many probably will In the future, about the scandalous way the Union treats the people it Is supposed to serve, us, the students. Everybody knows that the most Important job the Union has Is to supply students with cheap beer and this Is just not being done. Whilst on my many visits to other universities I experienced prices of as low as SOp or 90p a pint, why can this not be transfered to UEA. This Is the one issue that 99% of students are united on, but repeatedly, nothing has been done. Maybe with the new sabbaticals, things will change, though I think not. It's time for all UEA students to UNITE and fight for what they deserve, CHEAP BEER!

Chri• Coole


I totally condemn the offensive posters concerning Andy Laing but I think that the decision taken at Forum on Monday Is grossly unfair and fundamentally wrong. I agree that some action must be taken but I conducted a fair and successful election campaign and at the moment I just feel like dropping out because this has turned into a farce. A re-election would be a waste of time, effort and money. The few postersputupdld notaffecttheend result and although I'm annoyed they went up, the election result should stand and some other action be taken. I am a third year and I had to take a week out to campaign for this election. I've got finals next term and there's no way that I can afford any more time. If I don't find out for definite on Friday about the post, then I have to commit myselftoaPCGEand drop out. I need to commit myself to something for the next year before it's too late or I'll end up with nothing. Andy Is not In this position. The fact that some prat put up some stupid posters has basically lost me the office. Is this fair? Now I've argued against a re-election I should suggest some other course of action to satisfy the principle. If there Is a re-election the Union has to refund £80 to me and Andy. With £160the whole campus could be leafleted with leaflets saying the

Chris Hollingworth

Waveney bottle throwing On Saturday 22nd February, around lpm. a midday drinking party was In danger of getting out of hand. In Waveney Terrace at the P IQ intersection, bottles and eggs were being thrown out of a second floor window. When the bottles were thrown, luckily, no-one was hurt, but there Is a fine line between what Is fun and what Is dangerous, especially where alcohol is concerned. So to all those Involved In the Incident on Saturday, I hope you realise how dangerous it cou Id have beenlive and learn- before someone gets hurt.

Son B Ho1mg

concrete • ecruitment CONCRETE's continued success depends upon your support. If you would like to contribute in any way - whether it be writing news, features, arts or sports; taking photographs or producing artwork; typing, proof-reading, or doing anything it takes to make a newspaper work, then come to one of our meetings. They are every Monday in Room 2.29, EAS. Or come and see us any weekday between 12pm and 2pm. No experience is necessary. '


All's fair in election • campaigns

Union condemns the posters and it will not condone this action and lf anyone has any Information about this, would they contact the Union. Not only would this reach more people (so helping to clear Andy's name completely), but it Is a positive action rather than a negative one. It's less expensive, more productive and doesn't punish Innocent parties. I'm sure Andy will be the first to admit that the posters were not responsible for the final result and if there was a re-vote the result would probablybethesame.Sowhat'sthe point? Why take such an unfair course of action when the same principle can be satisfied In a much better and more productive way.

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Concrete, Wednesday, March 4, 1992


LEARNING TO SKI JOHN BARTON dons two horizontal planks and takes to the slopes for the first time... IT IS amazing how uncoordinated the human body can become when two horizontal five foot planks are attached to your feet. With the body suitably confused, the mind goes Into a spin at the prospect of using these ungainly objects to negotiate slippery slopes that always look streper when you're skiing down them. The dry ski slope of the Norfolk Ski Club at Whit lingham Lane, provided me with my first taste of the skiing experience. I was amongst a dozen who decided to take the plunge for the first time, as part of a session dedicated to recreational and competitive skiing organised by Simen Ashton, a member of UEA's Ski Club. Jenny Mayhew, a qualified ski Instructor, drew the short straw and was our tutor for the Sl'ssfon. Having donned the boots and selected the

RAVE ON Shaun Harley WHEN one of UEA' s football five-a-side squad approached the one-legged Irish bookie In the national championships at Aston University, he was greeted with the scornful reproach, "UF.AI Who are they? Are they In it? I'll give youS0-1." It seems a common feature that when representing UEA at sport, one's first task is to explain such beloved Initials, proceed to where it actually is and then what it Is doing In such a prestigious competition . So far as the annual national flve-a-sfde championships are concerned though. this may all have to change. Maybe the squad should have followed their lnRtlnctB and taken thO!Ie odds. Spurred on by playing their 'anthem' (the rave tune 'Come With Me' by Altern-8) at the br.glnnlng of every game, UEA's squad of Kerry Plummer, Paul Evans, CraigMllls, Justin Amos, Neale Fretwell, Arlld Fehn and Henrlk Steenberg, blasted all competition away. Inexplicably booed throughout their every game, UEA began disastrously, falling 2-

correct skis and poles, our group of aspiring Giardellis and Kronbergers were ready to take to the slopes. Initially, the most difficult part was getting used to the skis. To achieve this we paraded round in a circle and then practlced turning on the spot. Having dispersed with the basics, we made our way up the slope, and to my relief we only had to go a short way before turning to glide slowly back down. After a few attempts at this we were shown some exerclsestolmprovebalance. We started by crouching and standing on the way down and then progressed to lifting each ski alternately during descent. These exercises got progressively harder, and I thought the instructor would have us juggling chalnsaws before the day was out. Whilst watching our group,

Obehlnd In as many minutes to Birmingham University. The likes of Mills and Evans however, began to take hold of the game and they managed to just scrape through and snatch a 3-2 victory. From there the momentum began and was never made to stop. UEA breezed their way Into the semi-finals, along the way having to dispatch the home team. Aston. Inside an Intimidating and frenzied full stadium. In the semi-finals they met Nottingham University, whose larger body had disposed of UEA's 1st XI In the quarter-finalofthe UAUs. This time the result went the right way with UEA winning 3-1. In the final, the odds were stacked against UFA, though, due to the other finalist being Keele University. Keele had been just as devastalng In all their games, and were also very eager to Inform everybody that they possessed two players who were signed on with flrstdlvlslon club, Manche~tcrCity.

Only one team did the talkIng in the match though. Spearheaded by their two very small, yet very tricky players, Fchn and Stcenberg, UEA brushed the favourites aside with a 4-1 victory, to win one of the few of the university's sporting trophies of this year. UEA Is without doubt an Ignored underdog In every sport In which it participates. With a will to win though_ anything Is possible.

it was Interesting to note Indi-

vidual characteristics. One girl had already adopted the familiar downhill tuck; others were content to descend while wlndmilllng their ariT\9 and screaming. "Oh my God, Oh rnyGodl" As confidence Improved and we ascended higher up the slope, it occurred to me that we hadn' t actually been told how to carry out an emergencystop . My question was answered by a fellow learner who misjudged his speed and careered towards the awaiting crash barrier. However, more serious business was taking place on the advanced slope next to us, where the more practiced skiers were finish ing off the session by competing In a variety of events. Jonathan Boyd was the winner of both the men's racing and downhill events, with Klrsten Thorlsturp and Gra-

ham Brown obtaining first places In the recreational competition. Richard Poynter skied Into first place In the novire competition. with Fiona Smart finishing top In the women's race event. As a beginner it was good to

have something to aim at; looking across at these skiers gave me an Idea of the speed and resulting exhilaration that can be obtained from this sport. My group, tinged with tiredness, but still smiling, all commented on how rn.tch fun

they had had. In the end. skiing (and Indeed, sport In general) is all about enjoyment. and even at a falrly elementary level, I got huge satisfaction from it.




CONTRARY to some people's

beliefs, UEA always looked like winning this keenly contested match held on February23. Encouraged by Coach Tom Balls' advice that as long as they kept the score close In the first half they would Hwalk it" In the second, UEA set about what was obviously going to be a defensive openIng half hour. And with great enthusiasm and some committed tackling by both fol'wards and backs, they managed to hold Norwich to a 00 score at half time. In the se<Dnd halfUFA treated their large band of supporters to a fine display of running rugby, and again both forwards and backs displayed fine handling skills and close support . This was UEA's best performance to date, and UEA should win their next game against their local rivals comfortably. Tom Balls





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FUTURE BRIGHTENS FOR CANARIES Keeley Smith interviews Norwich City manager, Dave Stringer. UNTIL recent weeks the future of Norwich City P.C. looked le9S than cheerful with "''lilt he team lying sixth from the bottom of the League after losing six consecutive away games. An argument had flared up between Norwich's manager, Dave Stringer and Captain, Mark Bowen, and rumru rs were rife that Bobby Robson Is poised to take over Stringer's position. .,._ However, after securing a place In the F.A. Cup quarter-finals and climbing to tenth position In the first division, Norwich seem to be emergIng from this phase of Instability. Their 3-U home wins against NottsCounty and Liverpool have certainly given Dave Stringer cause to be more optimistic_ and he reflects: "The new tactics are more flexible and have certainly paid off In recent games." Indeed, the new Fleck. Fox and Sutton trio Is working welL with five of the six goals

against County and Liverpool coming from Fleck and eighteen year old Chrls Sutton. Sutton's performance has been so Impressive since his November debut, that Welsh International, Davld Phllllps, has tipped hlmforan Under21 England selection. Stringer thinks that: "Sutton has come to the fore very quickly, and will do well if he concentrates on producing his recent kind of play." A major boost fortheCanarles was their victory over Notts Crunty on February 15, where they displayed the new tactic o( redudng their pa!l'ling gai'N', and g<'ltlng the hall forward more quickly. It led them to winning a quarter-final place In the Cup for the third time In four seasons, and means they will face Southampton at The Dell in the next round . Although not the most dangerous sld e left In the competition, Stringer refuses to beoome oomplacent about being drawn against them: 'We don't

Sport in Brief

liRil\M RIDING FINALS .-OVER the last two terms, an lnterblock football competition has been running at Fifers Lane RE-sidences. Sunday February 23 saw the final between J block and ZO. The teams were fairly equal and the match ended 1-1, I'IO rxtra time was taken. Jblock's Anthony Scott scored the first goal and it was equalled by a penalty from ZO's Alan Wilson. In extra tl me, ZO went ahead with a second penalty, again scored by Wilson. ZJJ later -- celebrated their victory at HorshamBar.

ALTHOUGH the riding club team haven't made it through to the Regional Finals, they have got something to celebrate. Their Individual rlder, Plppa Shennan, was successful in beating competitors from Cambridge and Essex Universities, who made up UEA's group at the recent trials. She therefore goeR through to the Hrglonal Ftnall'l to be held at Warwickshire Agricultural College. The trla Is consist of dressage and showjumping. It takes time and dedication, (not to mention money!) to become a successful rider, therefore we wish Pippa the best ofluckat the forthcoming Finals. Katharine Mahon~

see any game as being easy. Being drawn away on the opposlton's ground Is difficult, and League form doesn't mean a thing." Although the Canaries' League win over Liverpool was dampened by the view that it wasn't a true Liverpool side, Stringer said: "It's difficult to get a result against Liverpool, and although they weren't as strong as usual, they were still equal to most sides In the first division." The most Impressive side In the d \vision however, In Stringer's opinion, Is Manches-ter United: "They have been ~> coMlsl!'nt this y<'ar, and have a good squad of players ." Despite the solid perfonnances of teams such as United and Leeds, Norwich are now harbouring fresh hopE"S oft heir League performance, which means that they are not ruling rut arrbitlons ofUFAFA qualification by the end oft he season.

ROWERS RACE ON FEBRUARY 8, the UFA Boat Club's 1st VIll competed In the Norwich Head of the River race over a distance of 4400m upstream. They were unable to pit themselves against the Cambridge College VIIIs that were also racing, because an Vllls boat was not available. This meant that the UFA team had to row In the fours competition. The 1st IV,captalned by Rob Butler and coxed by Chrls I ,an<', ov!'rcam<' the problem of a leak In the boat, to be narrowly beaten Into second place In the Senior 3 event. The 2nd IV, who were Impressive In the Novice event, pa'lSlng the RAFColtlshall boat within the first HXJOm, also came In second.

With the mood at Carrow Road changing, Stringer Is merely "hoping" that rurrours about his job being on the line are unfounded. He has also described his dispute with Bow en as, ''Something that's been dealt with and forgotten." And so, with that magical date at Wembley still in the Canaries' reach, things appear to be looking up for them. However, Stringer Is alert to the unpredictability of the game, remarking: 'We are oonfldent In ourselves, but are aware of the pitfalls."

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Concrete issue 004 04 03 1992