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11 pages on UEA's fifth consecutive win

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Concrete spoke to Harriet Harman about cats, Corbyn and being a woman in the Commons

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Freedom of speech: around the world

15th March 2017 Issue 337

The official student newspaper of the University of East Anglia | concrete-online.co.uk

Victorious

Caitlin Doherty Deputy Editor

UEA stormed to their fifth consecutive Derby Day win on Saturday, comprehensively defeating Essex by 55 points to 15. 70 events took place across campus during the weekend's competition in 35 different sports, including Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, which made its first Derby Day appearance at the Sportspark. UEA took the lead at the start of the competition, recording wins in both the men’s and women’s rowing at Whitlingham early on Sunday morning, as well as taking home the

points in the mixed Korfball event on Monday evening. This success followed their crowning as BUCS National Champions just 24 hours earlier.

"UEA stormed to their fifth consecutive Derby Day win on Saturday... 55 points to Essex's 15" Although Essex arrived on campus on Saturday morning having closed the gap on the defending champions to just one point following a double success in

the equestrian event on Wednesday, it wasn’t long before the home team cemented their leading position, quickly working towards the 35 points necessary for that recordequalling fifth trophy. Proceedings were a little tense to begin with, as Essex claimed both of the first two available points of the day, with comfortable wins in both the novice and senior archery competitions taking their points total to four alongside UEA’s three. But any nerves were soon dispelled with early victories in the table tennis, squash and in the dance hall, with UEA taking four of the five available points in the dance competition, only allowing Essex

glory in hip-hop. Dance points were also awarded to the UEA Angels, whose dance team won the Derby Day point for the first time in the varsity’s history. The UEA women's team began the trio of rugby fixtures with one of the most convincing wins of the day, thrashing Essex by 29 points to nil. However, they were in good company, as both of the men’s teams followed suit, with the second and first teams taking comfortable victories of 27-17 and 15-5 respectively. As the day reached its conclusion and the win became more certain, excitement remained palpable across campus, none more so than

at the Sportspark, where the UEA men’s basketball team triumphed in the nailbiting final seconds of the game. Nonetheless, a 64-62 margin in front of a raucous home crowd was enough to secure the point and inch UEA closer to lifting the trophy.

"Excitement remained palpable across campus" The action was not just confined to campus. Victory dances could be spotted across the county, as several events took place at other facilities. Continued on page 5


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Editorial Derby Day 2017: a recordbreaking win Nick Murphy & Richard Ewart Sports Editors

The University of East Anglia’s Official Student newspaper since 1992 Wednesday 15th March 2017 Issue 337 Union House University of East Anglia Norwich NR4 7TJ 01603 593466

Oh UEA, you're wonderful!

After five wins in a row, its no longer a surprise, but no less delightful Jessica Frank-Keyes & Caitlin Doherty Deputy Editors Well, it’s hardly surprising anymore, but it still feels great to print: UEA are the Derby Day champions for the fifth consecutive year, and we couldn’t have asked for a more convincing win. Taking home 55 points of the 70 that were available, there is no day like Derby Day that affirms our love for our little concrete jungle. From the moment that Essex first arrived on campus, the Square, the Sportspark and Colney Lane were all buzzing with excitement, and the atmosphere only grew as the day went on. If you were ever doubting how great Derby Day can be, all you needed to do was check out the party in the Square. Our day was not spent in the pool or on the playing field, (those who have ever seen either of us swing a hockey stick or take a free kick will probably be fairly thankful for that fact), but armed with pens, cameras and microphones. More than 80 volunteers spent their day running between events, cornering captains for interviews and in a very hot and sweaty office above the Square, keeping campus up to date with every point, penalty and even the odd injury. With almost 150 teams and hundreds of supporters, there was a lot to keep track of. Personally, we were rather fond of the women’s rugby and American football scorelines; 29 0 and 32 - 0 respectively. Anything with a 0 at the Essex end just reads so nicely, doesn’t it? Our 11 pages of match reports and analysis starts on page 22, but head to UEA:TV’s Facebook page, and Livewire1350. com to catch up with all of our live reporting from the day.

This year marked the first occasion when all three media societies worked together for what is surely UEA’s biggest day of the year. We are hugely thankful to anybody who took some time out of what is one of the best days of the year to report, tweet, interview, and just generally lend a hand and keep campus informed. Full to the brim with talented sportspeople, if this week has proved anything, it’s that oh, UEA, you really are wonderful.

"We are hugely thankful to anybody who took some time out of what is one of the best days of the year to report, tweet, interview, and help keep campus informed" And, staying in the spirit of Media Collective collaboration, we'd like to steal some space in this column to plug Livewire1350 - who are hosting their annual Jailbreak event next week. In a seemingly endless endeavour to cross every last item off our final-year bucket list, the two of us will be taking part for the first time - we can't wait! From noon on Friday March 25th, 20 teams have 48 hours to get as far away from Norwich as possible, with the only catch being that they can’t spend a single penny. In the past, teams have managed to get as far away as Toronto and Dubai. People also have a tendency to get

stuck in Thetford, but we’ll ignore that for the sake of convenience and a good headline. Expect to read all about our adventures in the final issue of the year (sob), published on April 25th! But Jailbreak is not just a group of stingy students hoping to get as cheap a holiday as possible at the start of the Easter break, (although that is a pretty attractive concept), the aim of all of this hitchhiking is to raise as much money for charity as possible. In previous years totals have topped £10,000, and with the Teenage Cancer Trust as this year’s selected charity, any spare change in thrown in the charity buckets that will be circulating around campus next week could make a big difference. Alternatively, go to www.justgiving. com/livewirejailbreak to donate. It's a cause that means a lot to many of us at UEA and I can't think of a better charity to be supporting, so please do donate, retweet, and get involved. There's loads going on on campus, even if deadlines are preventing you from hitting the road this year. And if you need a little travel inspiration, check out Jennifer Redfern's adventures in Morocco on page 20! There's plenty to keep those staying closer to home occupied over Easter in this issue. Sophie Bunce takes a look at the realities of fashion week on page 10, and global editor Sacha Silverstone looks at censorship around the world. We can't quite believe we only have one issue left this year. From interviewing Clive Lewis to covering the Queen's visit to campus, no two days have been the same, and the hard work of all of our editors and writers have made every late night, early start and Red Bull-fuelled InDesign panic completely worth it. Enjoy the issue!

Another Derby Day, another victory for UEA. Maybe it’s time we found a new university to face off against? On what was a fantastic day of success for UEA, it was great to see so many people getting involved in the square and so many supporters at all of the venues cheering on our sports teams, with over 200 fans watching the men’s football at Colney alone. A word should also go out to some of the less recognised sports such as Ultimate Frisbee, Korfball and Softball – the latter of whom were competing in their first ever Derby Day – and all of whom brought home the points to add to a record margin of victory of 40 points. In spite of the competitiveness shown by everyone on the pitch, it was great to see many of both universities’ sports teams back the #TakeAStand campaign by proudly donning the campaign’s signature rainbow laces, which you can read more about on page 29. It was also clear to us that many who would not normally consider themselves sports fans threw themselves into the day. Dougie Dodds assesses Derby Day from the perspective of someone uninitiated in sports and the day itself on page 30. The accessibility was made all the more easier due to the many volunteers for Concrete, Livewire and UEA:TV reporting, commenting and filming the day’s events. This helped the official Derby Day Twitter account reach around half a million interactions, while Concrete’s live blog was visited by upwards of 3,000 people throughout the afternoon. Although we as editors won’t be there to see UEA extend the winning run to six in Essex next year, we hope you all continue to get involved and support UEA sport to further success throughout 2017-18. UEA, Derby Day Champions for the fifth time in row, doesn’t that sound good? Oh, and that trophy? Exactly as heavy as it looks.

concrete-online.co.uk ConcreteUEA

concreteuea

concrete_UEA

www.concrete-online.co.uk Editor-in-Chief Megan Baynes concrete.editor@uea.ac.uk Deputy Editors Jessica Frank-Keyes Caitlin Doherty concrete.deputy@uea.ac.uk Online Editor James Chesson Online Assistant: Gavin O'Donnell concrete.online@uea.ac.uk News Emily Hawkins Senior Reporter: Amanda Ng concrete.news@uea.ac.uk concrete.seniornews@uea.ac.uk Global Sacha Silverstone concrete.global@uea.ac.uk Features Lillie Coles Lydia Lockyer concrete.features@uea.ac.uk Comment Charlie Dwyer concrete.comment@uea.ac.uk Science Milly Godfrey concrete.science@uea.ac.uk Travel Jennifer Redfern concrete.travel@uea.ac.uk Sport Richard Ewart Nick Murphy concrete.sport@uea.ac.uk Chief Copy-Editors Molly Burgess Emma Slaughter concrete.copy@uea.ac.uk Marketing Director Katie Gleeson concrete.marketing@uea.ac.uk Social Media Coordinator Charlotte Spencer concrete.socialmedia@uea.ac.uk Events Manager Sam Naylor Events Assistant: Grace Fothergill concrete.events@uea.ac.uk

Editorial Enquiries Complaints & Corrections concrete.deputy@uea.ac.uk Front page photo: Caitlin Doherty Editorial photo: Sally Maryosh

No part of this newspaper may be reproduced by any means without the permission of the Editor-in-Chief, Megan Baynes. Published by the Union of UEA Students on behalf of Concrete. Concrete is a UUEAS society, but retains editorial independence as regards to any content. Opinions expressed herein are those of individual writers, not of Concrete or its editorial team.


News

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"So much has changed, politics has completely changed" Concrete spoke to Harriet Harman, the UK's longest serving female MP, about cats, Corbyn and the Commons

Jessica Frank-Keyes Deputy Editor

Harriet Harman: Britain’s longest continuously-serving female MP; ex-Labour Deputy Leader; lawyer; and lifelong feminist activist. She describes herself as “born into feminism – with three sisters,” and entered politics in 1982, after a Politics degree from York university and a job at the National Council for Civil Liberties. She tells me that being an MP “should be a vocation, not a career,” and while it’s clear that politics is her calling, it’s equally hard not to credit her for her success. She won the Labour constituency of Peckham, and has continued to serve as a representative in the Commons as a cabinet minister, and an energetic champion of women’s causes in Parliament ever since. But despite a comprehensive list of achievements, Harman insists that she has no advice for younger female MPs following in her footsteps: “I think that they are absolutely blazing a trail and they don't need any advice from me! And what I'm happy to do is just support them. It’s really important for each wave of women coming into politics to take things forward.” She adds that “so much has changed… politics has completely changed,” from when she began her career. In fact, this lack of a record of the “enormous change in women's lives and in politics,” was one of the inspirations behind her latest book, A Woman’s Work. A major part of Harman’s work has been the huge

growth in the number of women in Parliament: rising from ten female Labour MPs in 1982, to over 100 in 1997. She describes these women as “a formidable group,” and explains that this number meant that “we could get going on making sure there was childcare for the children of working parents, that domestic violence could be taken more seriously, that we could do another push on women's pay and deal with issues like the poverty of elderly women in retirement.”

"Harman’s book also details her experience of being offered a 2:1 in exchange for having sex with one of her university tutors" Harman’s book also details her experience of being offered a 2:1 in exchange for having sex with one of her university tutors, and she voices her outrage that the situation is still occurring today, saying: “it’s very important that this isn't swept under the carpet, that women know that they're entitled to complain, that male lecturers and tutors know that it would be regarded as gross misconduct and result in their dismissal.” Facing situations like this mean she’s no stranger to fighting “injustice and unfairness.” She describes the prejudices faced

by her generation, saying: “we weren't holding with those attitudes at all and we wanted change.” She doesn’t seem like someone who worries much, preferring to get on with working to improve things. In fact, the only thing she admits that keeps her up at night – apart from “the prospects of the Labour Party” – is “my cats. Treading on me!” But Harman also recognises that young women – and young feminists – today face a very different world, and often a different set of issues. I ask her to respond to Jenny Murray’s recent comments regarding transgender women, and she states: “I think that people who are transgender face a very high level of difficulty and discrimination and that should never be underestimated.” However, she adds: “I also think we have to recognise that there are some men who would want to falsely claim to be transgender to infiltrate women only spaces.” “We just need to be clear that we protect those who are transgender from discrimination, but we make sure that women only spaces are not encroached upon by men who are simply using the transgender label when they're not transgender at all.” She also stresses the “issue of misogyny and abuse on social media and the internet,” characterising it as “a very new and threatening development.” She describes “passive resistance” to progress, saying that: “some men, who would have openly argued against women's equality in the past, would now say that they do believe women should be equal, but they actually conspire to ensure that nothing

changes and that’s quite a challenge to deal with.”

"We have to recognise that there are some men who would want to falsely claim to be transgender to infiltrate women only spaces" It’s a step forwards, perhaps, from the “open hostility” Harman faced when trying to introduce allwomen shortlists in the Labour Party, in the 1990s. Male colleagues “thought it was a terrible attack on democracy and civilisation as we know it!” Nonetheless, withPhoto: female UEA MPs now constituting 43 percent of Labour’s MP’s, she still believes they are a necessary tactic. “Although we are a critical mass of women, things can slip back. We saw that when we went from a woman and a man in the leadership team me and Ed Miliband – to Jeremy Corbyn and Tom Watson.” Harman would love to see a female Labour leader, stating: “it is a problem that

our leadership is male dominated. It sends out the message that women can be the foot soldiers but men have to be the boss”. However, she does think it’s more difficult for a woman to lead the Labour Party than the Conservatives, because “Labour women are subversive and a force for change, whereas Tory women really support the status quo in terms of gender.” Harman never stood for the leadership herself, and she cites the lack of enthusiasm for a rebellious female candidate as a factor. Being “on the front bench continuously with one break of three years - since 1984,” also meant she felt she’d “done her bit.” Her impressions of Jeremy Corbyn’s leadership qualities, however, appear to be less than favourable. “Right now we appear to be going in the wrong direction... It is clear that even though the Tories are doing terrible things and a lot of people are suffering, it’s not resulting in people looking to us to form the next government. Jeremy ought to be reflecting on that.”

Wikimedia, University of Salford

Academics complain over office move Emily Hawkins News Editor An academic has described a culture of fear in their department following staff opposition to proposed changes that would see professors give up office space in the Zicer building and Climatic Research Unit for undergraduate teaching.

"An academic has described a culture of fear in their department" The university has confirmed that floor 0 of Zicer will be converted from a staff-only floor to one that accommodates “accessible teaching space.” Concrete understands that postgraduate students will also have to be accommodated for in the change, but that there are no plans

to add more teaching space to Zicer or the Hubert Lamb Building. A concerned party told Concrete they believe that “actions taken this term will set research back for upwards of a decade.” Responding to these claims, a UEA spokesperson said “The university values the research of all our academics very highly and we would never knowingly damage this core element of our success.” Reportedly, faculty, staff, and postgraduate students were not consulted about the loss of Zicer floor 0. A concerned party said: “Every suggestion that ENV staff have put forward has been dismissed out of hand.” Concrete understand that the announcement of floor 0’s permanent conversion led to multiple meetings, in which “all those in the meetings (near unanimity) were strongly against the proposal.” An academic described the university’s treatment of staff as having created a “dictatorial

atmosphere” whereby staff feel they if they publicly oppose the decision their jobs will be at risk. They said: “Fear is rampant on the part of the faculty in ENV.”

"A concerned party told Concrete they believe that 'actions taken this term will set research back for upwards of a decade'" In response to these claims a university spokesperson said: “We are concerned to hear of these reports as all efforts are being made to reassure staff and to allow free and frank dialogue.” They added that the moves “are being coordinated with

School colleagues” with academics retaining sole office occupancy and the co-location of research teams established as “key priorities. We understand that any office move can cause short-term disruption but by working with ENV to meet their key needs we do not anticipate any major long-term impact on the research of those involved.” Norman Lamb, the MP for South Norfolk, spoke out against the changes, telling Concrete: “I feel very strongly that the university must not undermine or compromise world-renowned research in the pursuit of increased capacity,” though stopping short at condemning the coalition’s decision to abolish a cap on student numbers from 2015. A concerned party added that “both Zicer and the Lamb Building were built with money raised by the researchers as research buildings,” and were not funded for teaching. In a letter to Vice-Chancellor Professor David Richardson, Mr

Lamb said he was particularly concerned about the fate of the Hubert Lamb Building, so named after his father.

"I feel very strongly that the university must not undermine or compromise worldrenowned research in the pursuit of increased capacity,” Norman Lamb MP Mr Lamb wrote that he felt “incredibly proud” of his father’s work at the university “and the reputation the Climate Research Unit built as a result.”


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News

Flats for 38 students to replace pub

New group for UEA and councillors Tony Allen News Reporter A forum has been launched to improve communication between UEA and local councillors. The UEA Councillors’ Liaison Group will meet every six weeks, with representatives discussing issues affecting university and local life. UEA said in a statement it wanted the group to facilitate “constructive dialogue” between its staff, those of the Students’ Union and councillors sitting on both the Norwich City and Norfolk County Councils. The university is looking to expand from its current 16,000 students to 18,500 by 2032.

Photo: Emily Hawkins

A pub in the West Earlham area is set to be converted into student accommodation that will hold 38 bedrooms. The Freed Man has been out of business since June 2015, yet the plans to renovate the building have not gone unnoticed. The conversion announcement follows a string of pub closures around the Earlham area, including

the likes of The Larkman and The Good Companions which were replaced by an Aldi and the Earlham Christian Centre respectively. Local campaigners, including the voluntary organisation Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA), have stated their intent to oppose the new building plans. Neil Bowers, Camra’s pub protection officer said that he was looking to submit an Asset of Community Value (ACV) application. Declaring a building as an ACV would give those opposing the conversion six months to buy

News in brief:

Censorship row continues

Elections for UEA Student Union full-time and part-time officer roles opened on Monday (March 14th), with 54 candidates standing as nominations closed. Students are standing for five full time, and 14 part time officer posts. The full-time roles are Undergraduate and Postgraduate Education Officers, Campaigns and Democracy Officer, Welfare, Community and Diversity Officer, and Activities and Opportunities Officer. The part-time roles are: Environment, Ethical Issues, LGBT+ Open Place, LGBT+ Trans & NonBinary Place, Women’s, Students with Disabilities, Ethnic Minorities, International Students, International Students EU Place, and Mature Students officer roles, and four Non-Portfolio Officer positions. The number of nominations has remained consistent with the 2016 figure, with the same number of students standing. However, there are significantly more candidates than in 2015, when only 40 students stood for 18 positions. Voting will close at midday on March 21st. All UEA students can go to www.uea.su/votes to cast their votes. Caitlin Doherty

supporters of the shop “illiberal bigots.” The episode has elicited discussion amongst Norwich The Book Hive has received national residents about whether the city is media attention after author Susan particularly left-wing. Hill claimed the bookshop refuses to Daniel, a first year History and sell certain titles. Philosophy student said: "Norwich The Woman in Black author is a liberal echo chamber insofar wrote in the The Spectator that that the council has had a Labour she had cancelled an event at the majority since its founding in 1973. Norwich shop after feeling it was an Liberal ideas are obviously the “anti-Trump bookshop”. social norm. People don’t like to be Henry Layte, the shop’s owner, different, so the majority adhere to said that he did not ban books and the norm." would order any title for customers A third year English Literature to be picked up the next day. with Creative Writing student from In a Facebook post, Mr Layte Chicago said that they don’t think said: “Such a ban [on pro-Trump ‘liberal bubbles’ are necessarily bad. literature] has never existed in my They said: "I’d view it more like shop. [Hill] would know this had she a safe space for people who don't ever visited, which she hasn’t.” want to feel threatened. I’d feel However, he said: “it would be threatened as a woman if I lived in churlish of me not to reflect a strongly Republican town in the in much of my stock the south for example. prevailing political "I'd argue that censoring temperature of the hate-mongers is the lesser of place I am in.” two evils when the alternative is MP Michael providing a platform for them to Gove also waded speak, which in turn normalises into the argument hate speech." to defend Ms Hill, This latest fracas follows tweeting that she protests in the literary world is a “brilliant writer” resulting in publishers Simon and calling & Schuster dropping their book deal with the controversial pundit Milo Flickr, Policy Exchange Yiannopoulos.

Imogen Barton News Reporter

SU elections open

Jessica Rhodes News Reporter

the property and prevent it from being developed. The pub, which was built in the 1950s, would be redesigned to reflect UEA’s current architectural outlook. Current structural plans include a common room and flats divided into a kitchen and a living area with seven bedrooms. The pub on St Mildreds Road is approximately one mile from the university campus. In consideration of the short distance, developers Estateducation have said they do not plan on including space for cars.

"Our participation in this group [is] part of a wider plan to make sure that students make a positive contribution to the community" The group will be chaired by UEA’s Director of Student Services Dr Jon Sharpe, who said UEA “look forward to working with the councillors.”

The attempt to encourage dialogue between the university and councillors comes after Students’ Union protests caused Norwich City Council to postpone controversial ‘Article 4’ proposals last September. The proposals, to be reconsidered this year, would limit houses of multiple occupancy in certain high-concentration areas like the Golden Triangle, potentially cutting the number of student rental properties. A representative for the Students' Union said: “Our participation in this group [is] part of a wider plan to make sure that students make a positive contribution to the community and that any issues are resolved quickly.” City councillor for University ward Roger Ryan said: “With the UEA’s expansion plans, this new group will give local ward councillors the opportunity to be involved in discussing any issues and ensure the interests of everyone in the local area are taken into account.” The university estimates that UEA students contribute £200 million to the local economy, with UEA supporting 4,000 jobs in Norwich. All three University ward city councillors represent Labour; county council elections will be held on 4th May this year.

University considers culling small courses Rebecca Graham News Reporter As a result of further cuts to higher education funding, UEA is considering axing courses and modules that only have a small number of students on them. The university has told the Students' Union it will assess which courses are financially viable and consider cutting those that are under-recruiting from the options available to students. Niche, specialised courses and modules will therefore be most likely to face these cuts.

"We’re going to shut off the next generation of cutting edge-researchers" This could include postgraduate courses such as MA Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies, MA Adult Literacy and Learning for Global Change and MSc Plant Genetics and Crop Improvements. A union representtive expressed concerns, in a blog on the SU website, that the cuts could mean a threat to “innovative thinking” at UEA. “I’m concerned that if we shut down these courses and cut off these modules, we’re going to shut off the next generation of cutting edge researchers” she said.

“The university may allow two years for new courses to pick up numbers but if it’s an entirely new discipline, it’s going to need longer.” The same union spokesperson argued that “what masters degrees the university offers should be an academic decision, not a financial one.” Whether the university chooses to execute plans to cut courses and modules remains to be seen. Concrete asked the university which courses are being considered for cuts and when any final decision can be expected. A UEA spokesperson said: "The university regularly reviews its courses and module provision, to ensure that its offering meets market demands. New modules and courses are added to the provision and the less popular are withdrawn, paying due regard to the Competition and Market Authority (CMA) implications." The university said that students and applicants "will be consulted and informed as appropriate when and if there are concrete proposals relating to modules on their courses." Course closure, when it happens, is carefully managed with recruitment activities brought to an end and students on the course supported through to the completion of their studies." The university added that they are unable to provide any more information at the present time.


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Brexit could threaten UEA industry links Beth Papworth News Reporter New data has shown that university links to industrial research could be severely damaged if Brexit harms existing partnerships with European companies. Times Higher Education (THE) revealed UEA to be the fifth university in the world for amount of industry collaborations. 10.23 percent of the university’s publications are such collaborations. This makes UEA the UK’s most industry-linked institution, with Imperial College London the next most industry-dependent UK university at 23rd globally. According to research from the UCL Institute of Education’s Centre for Global Higher Education,

Brexit may have a significantly negative impact on UK universities’ industrial relationships. This research concluded that universities with a high dependency on partnering with foreign firms for research output, are “especially vulnerable” to “sudden changes in UK international relationships.”

"Brexit could force institutions to negotiate all these links with industry on an individual basis." Professor Robert Tijssen, an academic in science and innovation studies at Leiden University, Holland, said that leaving the European

Union will likely be “detrimental for the research performance and the research portfolio” of certain higher education institutions. Professor Tijssen said “Secondtier universities [are] probably the ones that will suffer most – they’re simply not globally leading and therefore less attractive to global and European industry.” The Dutch academic added: “Brexit could force institutions to negotiate all these links with industry on an individual basis which would be difficult, time consuming and inefficient”. The London-based institutions King’s College London, Imperial College London and University College London (UCL) published over a thousand papers in partnership with foreign businesses between 2009 and 2015.

UEA is forging closer European links through the Aurora network, a group of nine leading European universities formed to advance research into globally relevant issues.

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how UEA ranks globally for amount of collaborations with industrial partners percent of university’s publications that are industry collaborations percent of UEA's research is classed as "world leading" by the 2014 REF

Protestors told to ditch signs

News News in brief: Former Norwich South MP attacks Labour

Charles Clarke, former Labour MP for Norwich South has described his own party of responding to Brexit “cravenly”. Writing for The New European, the party grandee argued that Labour’s “confusion and incoherence to the EU referendum [...] has given the Conservatives a free ride.” Clarke suggested that Labour did too little to oppose Prime Minister Theresa May’s claim that there was no alternative to her Brexit. Mr Clarke represented Norwich South from 1997 to 2010. He also served as Home Secretary and Education Secretary. Although Mr Clarke maintains that Labour should support the result of the referendum, he suggested they should only do this “in a way which minimises damage to the country,” and should, for example, allow the British people a right to change their minds. John Rentoul, the Chief Political Commentator for The Independent, tweeted that Clarke’s argument was “weak”, as 498 MPs voted to trigger Article 50 including 70 percent of Labour MPs. Matthew Nixon Continued from front page

Photo: Katy Jon Went Emily Hawkins News Editor Protestors at Reclaim the Night have expressed their anger after a police officer monitoring the march told a student protester she would be issued with a Public Order Offence if she did not put away a sign reading “Fuck Harassment”. The event was organised by UEA SU and was intended to raise awareness of the fear felt by women following incidents of sexual harassment or assault in public spaces. Marchers walked from the Owl Sanctuary to Flaunt down Prince of Wales Road, where a police officer reportedly told a UEA student her details would be recorded and a possible offence

logged. The student in question said: “It saddens me to know that the police are more concerned about a swear word on a placard than about sexual harassment, which was the point of the protest.” An SU spokesperson called the incident “completely unacceptable”. They said: “It really is extraordinary that at a protest march against violence and harassment, a young woman was harassed by police for carrying a sign that they deem to be abusive.” The spokesperson claimed that Norfolk Constabulary “have been involved in victim blaming and rape culture for years”, in suggestion to the 2015 campaign ‘Time to Stop’ which involved posters telling women to stay with friends and not drink too much on nights out. At the

time UEA’s SU called this campaign “ineffective, offensive and deeply outdated.” A spokesperson for the SU added the incident, which took place March 2, is “just another example of the culture of intimidation that we’re protesting against.” Under the 1986 Public Order Act, an individual is guilty of an offence "if he a) uses threatening or abusive words or b) displays any writing, sign or other visible representation which is threatening” within hearing or visual distance “of a person likely to be caused harassment, alarm or distress thereby.” Norfolk Constabulary were unable to comment on the specific incident at Reclaim the Night, stating they could not identify the police officer in question and thus

could not confirm their reasons for approaching the student. However a police spokesperson commented: “Members of the public do have the right to peaceful protests in this county but, as with any public incident, regardless of whether it is a protest or not, if people are acting in a manner that others perceive to be threatening, cause alarm or distress, it would likely be dealt with under Section Five of the Public Order Act.” Local activist Katy Jon Went wrote in a blog post following the march: “As the sign was antiharassment, I fail to see how it could be harassing!” She added: “Apparently, ‘Fuck Harassment’ on a handmade sign is a public order offence but ‘Fuck the Patriarchy’ wasn’t.”

Despite a loss in the pool in the water polo event, UEA lit up the water in Wymondham, dominating the swimming gala, and only recording a loss in one race throughout the afternoon. This string of wins meant that victory was declared relatively early at around 4:30pm, secured by a 1-0 victory at Colney Lane for the men’s first football team. A goal from Alfie Draper ultimately sealed the overall triumph. However, the celebrations were interrupted by reports of a headbutt from an Essex player and a pitch invasion after the final whistle. The victory was enough for UEA to clinch a fifth successive Derby Day trophy, prompting jubilant celebrations in the square. The trophy was not presented until all of the matches had concluded at around 8:30pm, by which time the party was in full swing. Joe Zilch, Activities and Opportunities Officer and former head of the Sports Executive praised UEA’s victories. Commenting on the historic win, he said: “I am so proud of our clubs and how far they have come this year - every week they surprise and thrill me with their successes and passion. Saturday was UEA at its best - talented students from across the campus showing Essex how teamwork and achievement is done." UEA's Vice Chancellor, Professor David Richardson, said: “We are very proud that UEA has claimed victory for the fifth consecutive time against The University of Essex. Congratulations to all who took part in Derby Day 2017.”


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News COMMENT

Chloe Howcroft argues that more needs to be done to tackle sexual harassment at universities

We all want to feel safe at university, particularly as most of us are miles away from home. But recent news regarding sexual harassment allegations in UK universities makes us feel far from that. Take a typical night out at the LCR: it’s difficult enough to deal with the occasional butt-pinch or inappropriate comment – all of which are absolutely condemned – with music blaring, low-key lighting, and crowds of people surrounding you. However, I am most appalled at the rates of staffon-student and staff-on-staff harassment allegations, revealed by the Guardian; albeit that UEA has had a minimal number of reports thus far, compared to the rates at other universities. The serious nature of every single allegation should be firmly acknowledged, but I simply do not believe that this is true in most cases. As a representative for the students union admits, incidents are not as highly reported as they anticipate because “for every case reported, another goes unreported.” In too many UK cases, if a victim reports a case of harassment the perpetrator remains at the university, meanwhile the victim’s education or career is compromised. I believe that harsher policies need to be put in place to ensure that every report is dealt with appropriately, anonymously and compassionately.

15th March 2017

in brief: No plans to change UEA's News NR6 one of UK's sexual harassment policy best postcodes

Flickr, Glenn Wood Amanda Ng News Reporter Sexual harassment of students at UK universities has spiked in the last six years, with sexual misconduct and gender violence by university staff considered to be at “epidemic levels” according to an investigation by the Guardian. UEA have said they will not be considering any changes to their staff-student relationship policy in light of this investigation. The number of alleged victims of staff-on-student and staff-on-staff allegations in the UK has risen to an estimated 300 claims since 2011. Dr Ann Olivarius, senior partner at the law firm McAllister Olivarius said: “These numbers are shocking, but sadly…[they are] just the tip of the iceberg”. It is also claimed that some victims have been discouraged from reporting sexual harassment in fear of it affecting their education or careers. Campaigners have said victims have been been silenced by non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) in settlements by universities,

including the University of London, to ensure that allegations would not have adverse repercussions to their reputation. Responding to the possibility of there being an under-reporting of sexual harassment at UK universities, a UEA spokesperson emphasised the university’s commitment to taking the issue seriously but said they are "confident that we have effective procedures in place." They said: “Every complaint we’ve been made aware of has been resolved." The university does not see staff-student relations as necessarily adversely prone to sexual misconduct, having said they have no plans to re-consider implementing an institutionwide staff-student relationship policy following the Guardian’s investigation. However, a spokesperson added: “the HR team provides guidance on issues related to relationships between staff and students” and “all claims of sexual harassment reported to us are dealt with and…fully investigated.” A Freedom of Information (FOI) request granted in December 2016

revealed that since 2011 no nondisclosure agreements (NDAs) or confidentiality clauses have been used in settlements relating to Photo: Flickr, Glenn Wood sexual harassment "perpetrated or allegedly perpetrated by staff against students.” There have also been zero financial settlements made relating to sexual harassment claims.The FOI data shows that there have been only two cases of students reporting sexual harassment by a staff member in the last six years, one in 2015/6 and one in 2016/7. The former led to a Police investigation but was “not pursued after initial investigation,” whilst the latter case was subject to an internal investigation. UEA also add that university Student Services strongly support the national Changing the Culture campaign, which emphasises the importance of a zero-tolerance approach to sexual violence and harassment. David Richardson, UEA’s Vice-Chancellor was a member of Universities UK's task force investigating violence against women, harassment and hate crime last year.

TEF and fees separated by Lords Jeremy Kyle graces Prince of Wales Emily Hawkins News Editor The House of Lords has passed an amendment to cut the link between tuition fee rises and the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF). However, student campaigners say there is little to celebrate with this announcement despite appearing to be a victory for campaigns like the National Student Survey (NSS) boycott.

"We're really worried about what will happen next." The government’s Higher Education Bill would have meant that only universities who scored highly in the TEF, including good scores on the NSS would have been able to raise their fees by £250 a year. Passing by 263 votes to 211, the latest amendment removes the clause of the HE bill which proposed that universities were entitled to

decide their tuition fees according to how they ranked in the TEF. Lord Kerslake, who proposed the amendment said that the TEF was “not ready” as a measurement for fee increases, and that “this is an approach to fee setting that has not been properly thought through.” Commenting on the news, a spokesperson for the SU said: “Whilst we should be pleased at the apparent severing of the link between TEF and fees, we’re really worried about what will happen next. "The ability to increase fees was a power that the Secretary of State held anyway and the danger is that they will now go up for everyone regardless. "Alternatively, the Government could deny all Universities the inflationary increase which will see real terms funding cut at UEA when we’re already facing closure of small courses and modules. "What’s really needed is a total rethink of HE Funding to keep student debt under control and ensure that Universities are properly funded.”

Amanda Ng News Reporter Jeremy Kyle’s documentary about Norwich’s Prince of Wales Road used the city as a case study to unravel the truth of the dangers of binge-drinking. “The Kyle Files The Dangers Of A Night Out” will explore England’s drinking culture. Norwich was chosen for the documentary as in 2015 it was named the fourth most dangerous drinking spot in England.

"What I saw down there was unbelievable!" For the documentary, Kyle interviewed staff from the East of England Ambulance Service, SOS bus and some of the city’s clubs last September. He said he was ashamed by some of the stories he heard, claiming “what I saw down there was

unbelievable!” Commenting on the forthcoming documentary, a spokesperson for the SU said that more needs to be done to raise awareness of “the dangers and limitations of drinking”. “Although the bulk of Prince of Wales customers that Kyle will have met on the Saturday night aren’t students, there are still issues for us,” she said. “The SU are doing things to make students feel safe like Never OK, working with the community and police, and Reclaim the Night. Ultimately though students should be able to drink without fear of b e i n g assaulted or blamed for it” It aired on Monday the 13th March.

Photo: Peter Kratochivl

Royal Mail have released an update on a 2015 study which listed the most desirable places to live in England based on postcode. The study found that the suburbs of North and West Norwich with the NR6 postcode are the second most desirable neighbourhoods in the country. Norwich was beaten by CH63, Bebington in Wirral. The study said that NR6’s inclusion “leads an increase in the number of areas in the south included in the top ten.” In the last study, the Royal Mail included only three southern postcodes, a number which has increased to six. The research concluded: “Good local schools and lower unemployment helped facilitate the change.” This latest ranking was carried out by the Centre for Economic and Business Research. Variables taken into account included schools, green spaces, employment prospects, working hours, affordable housing and average commuting time. Royal Mail researchers did not visit any of these areas, and reached their conclusions from analysing statistical data. Ines Abdelli

News in brief: Free sanitary items introduced by Union

The SU has introduced free sanitary products in the gender neutral toilets in Union House “for the rest of the year”. Welfare, Community and Diversity officer, Jo Swo said the new campaign is in response to the so-called “tampon tax”, whereby sanitary products are taxed as “luxury items”. Sanitary products have been sold at a not-for-profit price in the SU shop since 2014, in opposition to the 5 percent VAT rate imposed by the government and EU VAT law. The SU announced the introduction on International Women's Day and Miss Swo said they aim to alter the view that sanitary products are a “luxury item”. In a blog, a representative quoted NUS statistics showing that the “average person spends around £77 per year on sanitary products.” The policy follows that of other universities, including Kings College London and Leeds, whose student unions have introduced similar provisions of free tampons for students. Swo said: "I believe that it’s unfair to discriminate against people who have periods by forcing them to pay for such essential items." Bella Dunning


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Global

15th March 2017

Censorship still exists Sacha Silverstone Global Editor

Norwich has been the forefront of censorship fiascos recently; first with UEA’s poor free speech rating, followed by Susan Hill, author of ‘Woman in Black’, accusing Norwich’s Book Hive of censorship when they cancelled her book signing. But UEA is not alone in censorship issues on campus. Out of the 115 UK universities Spiked rated, 73 were ranked red, meaning that the institution “has banned and actively censored ideas on campus.” On 28th February 2017, freedom of speech continued to be reported as under threat on campuses as ProPalestinian activists were banned from rallying on campus, as well as the cancellation of events to mark Israeli Apartheid Week, raising awareness on Palestinian human rights. In China, universities are currently being investigated by the ministry on how many have signed the “one China” letter, which stipulates that the institution agrees not to mention any politically sensitive topics. The “One China” policy itself is an agreement, for those who adopt it, to acknowledge China’s claim over Tawain, and only accept the leadership of China’s president and not the authority of any Tawainese figure in their place. Trump has affirmed to abide by the “One China” policy this month: not new for the US as decades of presidents have followed in similar action but does come as a surprise after the President was in conversation with the Tawainese president before this affirmation. Censorship issues are not isolated to university campuses. In February this year, CNN en Español

was taken off the air in Venezuela by orders from the government, a few days after an investigation into suspected fraudulency in issuance of Venezuelan passports and visas aired on CNN. The investigation included a confidential document linking the Venezuelan Vice President, Tareck El Aissami, to 173 Venezuelan passports and IDs issued to Middle Easterns, “including people connected to the terrorist group Hezbollah”. The government stated that the report was “an absolute lie”. Regardless of the validity of CNN’s claims, the government’s actions have appeared to be an infringement of freedom of expression, entrenched in 1999 Venezuelan Constitution. Since then, reforms have impinged the freedom. The 2004 Law on Social Responsibility in Radio, Television, and Electronic Media, can be used to severely limit media content, for example those that can “incite or promote hatred” or “disrespect authorities.” Despite these amendments, CNN en Español is broadcast from America as part of an American conglomerate, and is aired in a number of countries, therefore perhaps stipulating to the freedom laws of the USA. The channel still remains off the Venezuelan air and the government has been venomously disparaging their reports. President Nicolás Maduro commented on the news network, “CNN don’t stick your nose into Venezuela’s business.” With the mantra of CNN in mind that “We are created from the idea that people around the world want more, need more, deserve more,” perhaps the clashes between the two appear apparent. In America, the White House blocked several news corporations,

Flickr, Rebecca Barray Silence including CNN, The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, Politico and BuzzFeed, from attending an off-camera press briefing. As, once-again, the brunt of seeming political censorship, a CNN statement on Trump’s media ban read “apparently this is how they retaliate when you report facts they don’t like. We’ll keep reporting regardless.”Despite showing up to the White House, these reporters were turned away, being told they were not on the list of attendees. New York Times executive editor Dean Baquet commented. “Free media access to a transparent government is obviously of crucial national interest.” Hours before this event, President Trump remarked that the press were “the enemy of the people.” Trump’s actions have seemingly

paved the way for other countries to censor news media outlets. Cambodia’s government has threatened to ban foreign news outlets if they threaten the country’s stability, directly citing Trump as an inspiration. “Freedom of expression must be located within the domain of the law and take into consideration national interests and peace”, Cabinet spokesman Phay Siphan wrote. “Freedom of expression must respect the law and the authority of the state.” In Germany, retired head of ZDF Bonn (German broadcaster and most popular channel in the country), Dr Wolfgang Herles, admitted during a radio interview in 2016 that the broadcast company has “a closeness to the government,” and that “the topics about which are reported are laid down by the

government.” In the twenty-first century, with the proliferation of social media and technology invading almost every aspect of our lives, media censorship seems almost impossible. However, even if in the public eye, these events demonstrate that governments still are able to manipulate what is broadcast and infringe on both freedom of speech and freedom of expression. Although unreliable with the onslaught of what Trump coined ‘fake news’ being manufactured by internet sources, one can hope that the universal platform is one that can remain unchanged when freedoms are attempting to be restricted, and we can take example in CNN’s en Español’s reaction to the Venezuelan ban by simply broadcasting their news on Youtube.

Trump proposes military spending increase Thomas Gymer Global Writer President Trump has recently announced plans to increase the USA’s defence spending to $654 billion; an increase of around ten percent from the previous year’s spending. These plans are by no means final and the proposed spending plan must still go to Congress for approval, potentially seeing amendments before it is accepted. However the impact of these plans, if they are accepted, must be considered. The USA’s defence spending over the last 20 years has more than doubled, reaching a high of $720 billion in 2010. Although it did then decline slightly, it was still nearly

$600 billion at the end of Barack Obama’s presidency, and his office was also projecting an increase for the next year’s budget, although still some $19 billion less than Trump is. In the USA, at least, this kind of spending is not extraordinary, and indeed some are calling for even greater spending, such as former presidential candidate Senator John McCain. This increase in spending could be viewed as sensible, with the increased aggression from China and Russia, civil war in Syria and Iraq, nuclear weapons tests in North Korea, and the heightened tension in global politics at the moment with Brexit and the rise of far-right nationalists; it may well be seen as time for the USA to be strengthening their military forces.

Additionally, the changing nature of warfare means that the USA does need to adapt large parts of it’s military to be more effective in the modern age, and keep up with

“With President Trump at the helm, this increase could of course mean a lot more than it would have under Obama.” the advances of China and Russia. Of course, the wisdom of such an aggressive tactic of “peace through strength” is questionable, but it does

not mark any great departure from power. Although traditional Republican policy. this spending With President Trump at the increase may just helm, this increase could be a continuation of course mean a lot more of prior plans, than it would have under it could also be Obama. Trump’s the start alleged links to Russia, diplomatic insults, and disregard for human rights could be signs of troubling times ahead. Trump intends to fund this increase with cuts to foreign aid spending, a move that could easily create more problems for the USA, eroding their soft Wikicommons, Gage Skidmore Donald Trump


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15th March 2017

Syrian peace talks promising Jessica Frank-Keyes Deputy Editor The latest round of Syrian peace talks has ended on a more hopeful note than previous attempts, according to the UN special envoy for Syria. Staffan de Mistura, ItalianSwedish diplomat, said: “The train is ready, it’s in the station, it’s warming up its engine. It just needs an accelerator,” while the Syrian government’s delegation left without releasing a comment. The chief opposition negotiator, Nasr al-Hariri, commented: “Although we are closing this round without clear results... I can say this time was more positive.”

“It was the first time we discussed in acceptable depth the future of Syria and the future of political transition in Syria.” The UN-sponsored negotiations, known as Geneva IV, were the first

Syrian Civil War: Timeline 18 March 2011 Security forces open fire on Daraa protest: part of Arab Spring uprisings that toppled governments across the Middle East and North Africa. 21 April 2011 Syrian president AlAssad lifts the state of emergency that lasted almost 50 years and issues decree “regulating the right to peaceful protest.” May 2011 Army tanks enter areas in attempts to squash anti-regime demonstrations. US and European Union tighten sanctions on Syria.

Flickr, Steve Rhodes in nearly a year. Beginning on 23rd February and concluding on 3rd March, they focused on discussing a potential political settlement for the conflict in the country. A separate series of negotiations, called the ‘Astana Process’, is also taking place in neighbouring Kazakhstan. These talks focus on reaching a military settlement and are the first in which the opposition delegation is composed solely of representatives of armed groups. The most recent round of talks took place on 23rd and 24th January 2017, ending with a consensus

between Iran, Russia and Turkey to monitor the enforcing of UN Security Council Resolution 2254, which calls for a ceasefire and a political settlement in Syria. It was unanimously adopted on 18th December 2015. UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, ahead of taking up his post on 1st January this year, told the BBC that ending Syria’s civil war would be his top priority, calling the efforts to do so “a battle for values.” The parties of the Geneva IV talks have agreed to return for further discussion later this month.

12 November 2011 Arab League suspends Syria’s membership. Summer 2012 Fighting spreads to Aleppo, Syria’s former commercial capital and its largest city. June 2012 Turkey declares Syrian troops near Turkish borders will be seen as military threat after Syria shoots down a Turkish plane. July 2012 Free Syria Army blows up three security chiefs and seizes north Aleppo. 6 January 2013 President Assad affirms he will not step down and that his vision for Syria’s future

entails a new constitution and an end of opposition “terrorist” support. 19 March 2013 First documented chemical weapon attack of the war kills in Khan al-Assal, near Aleppo. The Syrian goernment continues to deploy chemical weapons, including sarin gas. September 2014 Air strikes are launched around Aleppo and Raqqa against Islamic State from US and five Arab countries. September 2015 Russian air strikes in Syria criticised for targeting anti-Assad rebels, not the Islamic State as Russia claimed. 10 September 2016, Russia and US agree on ceasefire between Syrian government and USsupported rebels and that, after a week, Russia and US could then join against ISIS and al-Nusra. 15 September 2016 Airstrikes in Syria cause tensions between Russia and the US as both countries blame the other for the attack. December 2016 The Syrian government recaptures Aleppo.


Features

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15th March 2017

Miami

Daniel Cook Daniel Cook Features Writer They say it’s the things you don’t do rather than the things you have done in life, which you’ll regret. As someone who has spent the past two months in Miami, as part of my semester abroad program and having so nearly decided against coming here, this adage seems quite accurate. While the prospect of leaving the comfort zone that is your home university and even your country behind may seem daunting, I challenge you to find someone who has studied abroad and come away with it with anything but great memories and amazing experiences. While I will not deny that as I embarked on the ten-hour plane journey across the Atlantic and after resorting to watching Finding Dory for the third time, I certainly had a number of mixed emotions. The idea of being away from those I had grown closest to throughout

my time at UEA and the idea of not being able to step foot in the LCR for four months greatly concerned me. It would be easy to let a loved one or simply your love for UEA prevent you taking the leap and studying elsewhere.

“My days here often begin with a dip in the pool or a run around the campus nature reserve while enjoying Florida’s beautiful weather” However, as I write this now over half way into my time here in the States and begin to enjoy the excitement that is Spring break, I can be sure that I made the right decision. If you are someone who is currently considering studying abroad my advice would be to simply to just do it. Aside from the obvious benefits it brings for your

future as well as the strengths you can show and can underline on your CV, it is the developments you make personally and what you experience during your time away that are the main cause for my recommendations. This may sound cliché, but for me the chance to not only travel to, but also study in a whole new country and thus take in new cultures and customs, while also making life-long friends is truly why studying abroad is a once in a life time opportunity. What has been the biggest shock for me since I arrived in Miami is the completely different way of living, compared to what I had become accustomed to in Norwich. Rather than than my usual twenty-minute cycle ride in the pouring rain from Unthank Road to campus, my days here often begin with a dip in the pool or a run around the campus nature reserve while enjoying Florida’s beautiful weather. By no means is this intended to evoke a feeling of jealousy but rather highlight the chance you have to broaden your

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horizons and experience something new by studying abroad.

“It would be easy to let a loved one or simply your love for UEA to prevent you taking the leap and studying elsewhere” It should be stressed that on the contrary to what people may think, you will find that not everyday will be action packed or lazing by the pool, what is important to remember is that that your time away is primarily to study and learn. As a result, most likely similarly to your time at your home university, there will be caffeine-fuelled days (and maybe nights) spent in the library and the occasional evening watching Netflix and eating Dominos. Having said that, more significant are the countless amount of new people you will meet from all over the world

and it is the memories you will make that will last a lifetime. One of these memories, which I know I will not forget, is my experience so far of Spring Break. If, like me, you chose to study in the US you will more than likely have encountered this American phenomena: largely consisting of drinking and soaking in the sun. It is of particular prominence for me at the moment, as Miami itself is a particularly popular destination for thousands of students from all over the country who flock to its beaches to enjoy a week off from lectures. Though it could be argued that the alcohol laws here prohibit anyone like me who is under the age of twenty-one to (legally) fully embrace this American tradition, the atmosphere is still something to behold. This is just one example of the countless number of special experiences you will undoubtedly have and which I would have missed out on had I decided against studying abroad.

Fashion week; empowering, or just plain unrealistic?

As the models and designers flaunt their stuff on the catwalks, how can ordinary people relate to fashion?

Sophie Bunce Features Writer Fashion week arrived and the glitz and glamour was impossible to avoid. With model selfies and designers taking over social media, at every turn we were confronted by the coming season’s hottest trends. This season championed experimentation, self confidence and the importance of being fearless with fashion. But is fashion week simply an event to show us what we, the ordinary, can’t have? This time of year is meant to be empowering, as fashion houses present their best work, and the world is once again reminded of the power and presence of the industry. Fashion week says that anything goes. You are given license to wear the blue eyeliner you’ve never had the guts to pick up and embrace the clashing patterns you thought only a child could wear. The Milan catwalks saw cardboard boxes worn on the Fendi catwalk, and toilet roll as handbags at Moschino. We also

saw gowns and skirts galore, as we are told to embrace the dress, in a period where femininity is being redefined. It is a spectacle, something beautiful to look at, and long for from afar. But always from afar.

“Sadly, student loans don’t cover Prada. We need to be reasonable and accept that not all catwalk fashion is destined for your walk to Tesco” I love watching catwalks and scouring magazines, for weeks after the event, to pick out my dream wardrobe. But the fact is, it’s just a dream. Sadly, student loans don’t cover Prada. We need to be reasonable and accept that not all catwalk fashion is destined for your walk to Tesco. Just as you don’t buy floor length dresses for lectures, most

people don’t buy off the catwalk for their everyday. It is easy to put down catwalk fashion. But first we must understand it. It is art. Nice to look at, but unpractical. It’s important to remember that fashion houses, like Ralph Lauren, have a collection for the catwalk and then in store clothing for day to day wear. This has been done for a reason. That’s why the industry has developed, to trickle catwalk looks down into mainstream fashion, and onto the highstreet. You’ll see in the following months the movement of fashion week trends popping up in your local shops. See the ruffles from last season in Zara and the slogan tees in Topshop. That is highstreet, that is for the likes of us. Because, like anything, there are different levels and most people are not on the level that allows you to buy right off the catwalk. Above your average catwalk you have haute couture which is even less attainable, even for Hollywood stars and the filthy rich. You can buy couture or a car; I know which is a more pressing purchase for most.

But instead of becoming frustrated, we must try to understand the industry. These are luxury goods. They are unattainable for most, and that’s what makes them alluring and their fashion houses so successful. Chanel bags have been said to be a better investment than most property. That is nothing to be scoffed at. These belongings are valuable and hold that value, despite the fashion industry often being branded as frivolous and concerned with the temporary. Fashion week is an acquired taste. As we gaze at the week’s catwalks in our Primark leggings, the division between us and them has never been so clear. High fashion is unattainable for most, and I’m sorry, but that’s the point.

Pixabay, 3112014


15th March 2017

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Eating disorders: not just a result of the media

Flickr, Michele Ursino

“But to suggest that eating disorders can come from exposure to thin celebrities and models completely underestimates the nature of these complex mental illnesses” There has been some level of breakthrough in understanding that Eating Disorders are illnesses that warrant attention. However the idea that seems to dominate all coverage in recent years is that the fashion industry and the media are to blame. Causes, maintaining factors and manifestations can vary substantially from one sufferer to the next. That being said, there is a use to advocating for the highest possible level of education. It is my hope that if more people understand how complicated and variable experiences of eating disorders are, then it will be less likely for harmful and trivialising stereotypes to be as widely circulated. False assumptions perpetuate the myth that aside from food, weight and, exercise the sufferer of an eating disorder experiences life as a healthy person would. Whilst some sufferers are able to maintain commitments and responsibilities, living with an eating disorder is all consuming and negatively impacts every aspect of life.

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I have learnt to greet articles that claim to raise awareness about eating disorders with a certain degree of trepidation. Too often, the content reinforces the very misconceptions that leave sufferers feeling silenced and misunderstood. The truth of eating disorders doesn’t fall neatly into the parameters of an attentiongrabbing sensationalist report.

The media certainly can and has portrayed body ideals that perpetuate confidence issues and body image dissatisfaction. But to attribute the rise of Eating Disorders as the fault of catwalks and models is harmfully reductive. Eating disorders are deadly and life destroying illnesses that far surpass a simple preoccupation with appearance. True, an extreme obsession with weight and a disturbed perception of physical appearance are symptoms. But to suggest that the levels of self- hatred, obsessive and ritualistic behaviour, mood disturbances and isolation that accompany Eating Disorders can come from exposure to thin celebrities and models completely underestimates the nature of these complex mental illnesses. It also ignores the fact that celebrity culture and the fashion industry aren’t isolated and unusual phenomenons. Our society is fat-phobic in

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Ella Pitt Features Writer

general; you don’t need to look to magazines or TV to find messages that equate thinness with goodness. You don’t need to go to the cinema or read a newspaper to see that ‘healthy’, ‘clean’ food is being sold at extortionate prices to capitalise on the anxieties that have been instilled within us from the moments we were born. Nonetheless, whilst we are all exposed to these things only a very small minority will ever experience an eating disorder. Far from being illnesses that are easily attributable to one simple cause, the determining factors are extremely diverse. One contributing factor for some

is the experience of trauma and abuse. It is not uncommon for victims to strive to become physically undesirable to perpetrators of sexual abuse, or to internalise blame and responsibility. The self-punishing nature of an eating disorder becomes a way to cope with feelings of an unbearable intensity. Eating disorders may offer the illusion of a retreat from a world that doesn’t accommodate to those dealing with the ramifications of past or indeed ongoing abuses. Many feel that engaging with disordered behaviour, as well as it being an uncontrollable compulsion, provides a distraction from overwhelming, emotional distress. Co-morbid disorders are also extremely prevalent whether that be depression, anxiety, personality disorders, OCD, self-harm, suicidal ideation, emetophobia or any other psychiatric illness. The genetic aspect of eating disorders is another factor that is not reported on frequently. It is now believed by many that there is something different about the brain chemistry and genetic make-up of somebody that suffers with anorexia nervosa or another restrictive eating disorder that alters the response to starvation. Whilst anybody is capble of limiting their energy intake, not everybody will go on to develop a heightened fear response to food. Eating disorders are not diets gone wrong but the result of severe mental anguish. The fear of food isn’t always necessarily limited to a fear of weight gain. Sufferers may also fear contamination, the physical sensations of being full or develop beliefs about cleanliness and purity. It is true that demographically, eating disorders do affect more women. However more is now being researched into males who present with eating disorders and how behaviours may

manifest differently. Nonetheless far from being symptomatic of vanity I would argue that the imbalanced impact on women is influenced by

“It is difficult to write about eating disorders without perpetuating harmful stereotypes” systems of patriarchy. It is easy to see a relationship between deeply embedded inferiority complexes and eating disorders. In a society when outward emotional projection from women is often demonized, women and girls may then internalize emotion in a self-punishing way. Similarly eating disorders have been linked to those that feel alienated by a world that caters to cisgendered heterosexual people. Sufferers of Eating Disorders experience low levels of self-worth not solely related to appearance. In a heteronormative world gender and sexuality expression can lead to the same feelings of shame, inferiority, anxiety and self-loathing that Eating Disorders thrive on. It is also important to consider that many sufferers won’t speak out about their experiences for equally as diverse reasons. Whether that be due to feelings of shame, denial, fear about what response they will receive, an inability to effectively put into words difficult to define reasons for their disorder or the sheer emotional labour of recalling traumatic events. It is difficult to write about eating disorders without perpetuating harmful stereotypes because they are such insidiously complex disorders. It is human nature to seek a simple cause and effect relationship, but with eating disorders this will never ever be the case. Those fortunate enough not to suffer won’t ever understand the thoughts and experiences of someone that does. Nonetheless, admitting this and realising the complexity of eating disorders is far more likely to be appreciated by sufferers than having their experiences simplified.

B-eat (Beat Eating Disorders) 0808 801 0677


15th March 2017

12

Features Beverly Devakishen wonders why we love Disney so much A Disney film is a source of comfort, a fountain of rapture, an escape from reality and a ticket to a journey to the past. Disney movies are timeless, and you definitely don’t need to be a child to enjoy them. Teenagers and even adults are constantly revisiting old films, while people of all ages pack cinemas when new Disney films are released. People simply can’t resist. I myself am often hit with a strong craving for a Disney movie, and I have to admit that I have yet to cure my addiction. So how does the magic of Disney keep us all enchanted? The most basic and superficial reason for Disney’s appeal is the pure aesthetic pleasure in its films. Each Disney movie has its own unique artistic style; everything from the music to the beautiful visuals is made to touch people’s hearts in different ways. Adults and children alike would watch dreamily as Rapunzel and Flynn Rider sit in a boat in the middle of a calm lake, glowing lanterns all around, singing a melodic and serene tune together. The whole movie had a sweet, charming feel about it. On the other hand, the movie ‘Hercules’ was more explosive, filled with strong golden hues and powerful songs. It was aesthetically appealing as well, but it has a different character of its own. Each Disney movie is both special and beautiful, and it’s easy to fall for their individual artistic charms. There is also a deeper emo-

tional and psychological aspect to these movies which draws people in. While most characters in Disney films have depth, they are relatively easy to understand. The protagonist is usually the character that is full of good intentions. Even when they make mistakes, viewers always know that they have virtuous hearts. If the protagonist does not start out as the morally upright one, like Kuzco, there is always another good character to help him change for the better, which in this case was Pacha. Allowing ourselves to believe wholeheartedly in the goodness of a character is a refreshing contrast to reality, where people are always a blend of good and bad. Disney’s character development also provides us with a break from reality. Emperor Kuzco changes his selfish and elitist ways after spending a day with Pacha, a peasant, when in reality, it would have taken much longer for someone’s personality to go through such a drastic change. In The Lion King 2, two groups of lions that had been enemies for years decide within minutes to live in harmony after Kiara and Kovu make a short speech in the middle of their war. With Disney, a change for the better is always guaranteed, and it gives us all hope that our world may one day change too. Disney films allow you to Hakuna Matata your life away, and I personally would love nothing better than to do just that.  

Concrete’s Disney highlights Hakuna matata! The lantern scene from Tangled and the dance scene from Beauty and the Beast Hocus Pocus! Try and tell me that film isn't LEGENDARY. One of the best moments is: "Another glorious morning. It makes me sick."

I’ll make a man out of you! “You control your destiny - you don’t need magic to do it. And there are no magical shortcuts to solving your problems.” Merida (Brave) The Bare Necessities from The Jungle Book. It's such a classic. If you didn’t cry at the Fox and the Hound where she has to leave him, you are dead inside. Also for contemporary purposes: I AM MOANA The scene when Dumbo gets drunk on champagne (or shampoo, as I thought when I was a kid) and the bit where he's rocked to sleep on his mama's trunk. And the end of Toy Story 3 when Andy is playing with his toys before going to uni. Perfect isn't easy from Oliver and Company - definitely the most underrated Disney movie. Georgette was the classiest poodle ever. As to favourite scene that has to be Timon and Pumba doing the hoola in front of those hyenas. Let it Go! Do you wanna build a snowman? But most importantly: Some people are worth melting for!

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Hannah Brown on a

childhood without Disney “So, you know that scene in Bambi, right?” “Um… no. I’ve never seen Bambi. Or Dumbo. Or-” “WHAT?!” It’s always the same response when you tell someone that you haven’t seen the Disney film they love: shock, wonder, even annoyance. But I’ve no shame when I tell people that I didn’t really grow up with Disney. I vaguely remember some films: I saw Cinderella, but don’t remember liking it. The Lion King was definitely a favourite in the household, but I didn’t see anything else but that (and I’m not counting 2 and 3 as The Lion King. Sorry not sorry). People almost feel sorry for you when tell them that Disney wasn’t standard; not the cartoons anyway. Mary Poppins is one of my favourite films… but that’s it. I would say that it’s been strange ‘catching up’ with the films, as it were, as a teenager. I saw Mulan, Pinocchio and The Little Mermaid for the first times last year. I enjoyed them enough to say that I loved Disney, but it’s different when you tell someone that you only saw the films recently. I feel like I’ve missed out on some huge party that everyone else was invited to as a kid, like being an older sister at my younger sibling’s birthday party. Everyone else has got party hats but you’re stuck wit minding the kids and trying to pretend that you understand the weird stuff they say (when you really, really don’t and kind of just want to escape). There’s another thing about “having a childhood” (and people often say to me: “of course I watched Disney, I actually had a childhood!”) It makes it sound like my parents purposefully didn’t let me watch Disney, and that’s the opposite of the truth! I feel like, despite

the fact I didn’t watch Disney films all the time, my childhood wasn’t worse. I still enjoyed it. So despite the fact I didn’t grow up with Disney, that doesn’t mean I can’t enjoy it now. It doesn’t mean that my childhood was any less; and it doesn’t mean I can’t spend a while learning t h e words to t h e songs. Disney is ( l u c k i ly) one o f those magical franchises that you can enjoy at any age.

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Polaroids: Ellie Budge, Video camera: Pixabay, Castle: Flickr, Les Chatfield Background: Public Dom


15th March 2017

Features

Jodie Bailey looks at the role Disney plays within our society It’s a tale as old as time, girl meets beast, beast locks girl up, both fall in love and beast becomes a man again. It may sound slightly dubious summed up like that, but Beauty and the Beast is perhaps one of Disney’s most beloved animations, hence why this year the tale has been given the live-action treatment in a new adaptation. But Disney’s not stopping there, having already adapted several other animated classics into live-action movies in a trend started by 2010’s Alice in Wonderland, Disney has a whole host of live-action remakes in the pipeline. In the future, we can expect a live-action Mulan, a new Mary Poppins, and even a completely CGI Lion King. But what is it about these stories that makes them worth retelling? And is Disney up to the task of updating these classics for a modern audience which is much more aware of the need for better representation across all aspects of society? Life may not always be a fairy tale, but that doesn’t mean that we can’t learn somethings from our favourite Disney stories. Even in Beauty and the Beast, a story criticised by many to be

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a case of Stockholm-Syndrome, there are some lessons that we can gain from the story and some positive representations too.

“Amidst the challenging of stereotypes is the moral message that we should never judge outward appearances” In both the new adaptation starring Emma Watson and its animated predecessor, Belle is always presented as an avid reader. It might only be a small detail, but for all of us who grew up with the ‘nerdy bookworm’ stereotype it was nice to have a Disney princess who we could relate to – a Disney princess who wasn’t royalty and had more substance to her character. Apparently, Disney’s retelling of the tale develops Belle’s character, casting her as the inventor rather than her father. Amidst this challenging of stereotypes is the moral message that we should never judge by outward appearances. In Belle’s unconventional character we find a heroine, and in the Beast we find a hero. The theme continues with a reinterpre-

tation of LeFou’s character, who is said to be Disney’s first explicitly gay character, hopefully heralding an improvement in LGBT representation. Although, some critics have pointed out how LeFou was initially a villain in the original movie, and he is still a minor character playing a sidekick role to Gaston.

“Elsa is one of very few Disney princesses not to have a love interest, sparking discussions on how coming to terms with her icerelated powers could be a metaphor for coming out in the LGBT community” So there still is a long way to go in terms of getting equal representation, but hopefully we’re on the way now. Speaking of representation, Frozen, despite being a nuisance to parents everywhere, is a brilliant film that explores feminism and the bond between sisters. Not only did it teach us to ‘let it go’, it

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subverted the fairy tale trope of true love. The two heroines, Anna and Elsa are the ones to save their kingdom; Anna is the one to set out on the film’s quest and she saves herself and her sister through an act of true, sisterly love. Interestingly, Elsa is one of very few Disney princesses not to have a love interest, sparking discussions on how her coming to terms with her ice-related powers could be a metaphor for coming out in the LGBT community. Perpetual renditions of Let It Go in family homes around the world seem a small price to pay when what is one of the highestgrossing movies of all time promotes feminism and inclusivity, whilst teaching a generation of young girls the value of female friendship. Futhermore, Disney gets a lot of criticism for its lack of racial diversity, although developments have been seen in Tiana’s character from The Princess and the Frog, who became Disney’s first African-American princess. Similarly, Mulan, Jasmine and Pocahontas have become pivotal Disney princesses introducing many of our generation to cultures other than that of white European ones. In these characters, we appreciate different ways of life, but at the same time Disney emphasises the commonalities between these independent, determined

"ever y bo d

and brave characters. Rather than highlighting divisions, Disney stresses the importance of these qualities in their protagonists, giving us role models not only to look up to, but role models that we can see ourselves in.

“Life may not always be a fairy tale, but that doesn’t mean we can’t learn something from our favourite Disney stories” Perhaps these live action remakes lack originality, but these films are being revamped in the context of a more modern worldview, and we can’t just look to classics that aren’t diverse or representative. Disney is undoubtedly a huge part of many people’s lives (so much so that I can imagine that the Frozen soundtrack will continue to haunt us many years down the line - I bet parents shudder at the thought of the sequel), so it’s only right that their stories should do their best to reflect and interpret society now. Surely with a little magic and the power of Disney, they’ll all end happily ever after.

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blow out!


15th March 2017

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Foodie Features

Honey, we’re crazy for honey Features Editor, Lillie Coles, investigates the benefits and uses of bee nectar

There are many benefits to honey: it’s a natural ingredient unlike any other. It’s full of antioxidants, a mixture of fructose and glucose sugars and the fact that it’s delicious is enough to make a honey lover out of anybody. But, honey doesn’t only have to be for eating.

them. Luckily, Norfolk is a honey gold-mine, with The Norfolk Honey Company and

“Local honey can be cheaper, tastier and contains less additives than supermarketbought honey. Not only this, but you can help protect the bee population of your local area” Manuka honey is known for its health benefits, and can be used as a moisturising, toning face mask. Simply apply honey directly onto the face, and rinse after 20 minutes. It can get a bit messy, but the skincare benefits of honey make your face firmer, plumper and natural antibacterial agents in honey help to clear spots. One of the most expensive types of honey, Manuka can range in cost but the best of the best can set you back over £20! But, do not fear. Local honey can be cheaper, tastier and contains less additives than supermarket-bought honey. Not only this, but you can help protect the bee population of your local area by supporting the beekeepers who care for

Leigh’s Bees pretty much on our doorstep. But, what are the proven benefits of honey? The bees

add an enzyme to the honey that makes hydrogen peroxide, which, in the very small amounts found in honey can be extremely beneficial health-wise. If you suffer from mouth ulcers, dab a little bit of honey onto the affected area. The antibacterial and antifungal elements of honey make it perfect for this purpose. In the time of Ancient Greece, Olympic athletes would use honey to help replenish their energy stores, and modern studies have verified that honey is more effective than refined sugars in replenishing energy due to its ability to raise glycogen levels and aid recovery. Honey and lemon is a classic combination, but it is not necessarily an old wives’ tale. Lemon is antibacterial in itself, but the soothing and nourishing properties of honey make it perfect for calming a sore throat. Add honey to your Lemsip for an extra dose of goodness if you’re feeling under the weather. Buckwheat honey is proven to be the most beneficial type of honey for this purpose, with a study on children showing that better sleep and quick healing t i m e s were the results of using

honey to treat a sore throat. Bees produce honey as their own food source, as well as it feeding us! Therefore, it is full of nutrients as it needs to power the hive from the inside out. Therefore, there’s lots of friendly bacteria in honey, which can help you maintain a healthy gut naturally. There are at least 40 types of honey, each with varying uses, nutrient content and flavour. Darker honey is said to be higher in antioxidents, while lighter honey is best for using in recipes as it tends to have a lighter flavour. Our recipe below for honey flapjacks can be made with any type of honey, why not give it a go?

Photo: Pixabay, Pexels. Illustration: Niamh Jones

Niamh Jones tells us to ‘save the bees’ It’s a phrase you’ve probably heard your harem-trouser clad, patchouli-oil smelling mates muttering. Or maybe you have the odd PETA-loving vegan on Facebook. I sadly am not either of these horrific stereotypes, but I do think that you should hear them out when they tell you to save the bees. Those buzzy little guys scare a lot of people, they have a sting after all, and we’ve all seen videos of Labrador puppies with puffy bee-stung cheeks. So we stay away from bees, even squish them when we can. Here’s my plea. Don’t squish that bee on your windowsill. He’s mighty important to the world. Bees pollinate 80% of the world’s flowering plants, including 70% of our crops. In a world where food is more in demand than ever, we need our buzzy friends to save us from ourselves. A single bee colony can pollinate 300 million plants a day. They are a busy lot, they really don’t care enough about you to sting you. I’ve only given you a poxy amount of reasons to save the little fuzzy dudes, but I implore you to re-hydrate resting bees on the pavement with a little sugar and water on a teaspoon. Plant some lavender and thyme to help them out a bit, buy organic to avoid toxic pesticides. And for goodness sakes, when you see a bee, give it some street cred and a wide berth. Let it do its thing. It’s one of the things standing between you and starvation.

Recipe: Yummy honey flapjacks These delicious flapjack bars are perfect on-the-go and are filled with healthy fruits and fibre. The honey acts to reduce the refined sugar content, and gives a delicious taste and golden colour.

Ingredients:

Method:

150g unsalted butter 150g Demerara sugar 150g honey 200g porridge oats Plus dried fruit or nuts of your choice. You can make the flapjacks as fruity or nutty as you like, so add as much as you fancy. I like dried cranberries and apricots in mine, or even some crystallised ginger. Almond flakes work well with the chewy texture, too.

Equipment:

Wikimedia Commons, John Cummings

Small saucepan Wooden spoon 20 x 20 cm square tin

Put butter, sugar and honey in your saucepan, and place over a medium heat, until the sugar has dissolved and the ingredients have melted together. Be careful not to burn the mixture as it will make your flapjacks bitter. Remove from the heat and stir in your fruit, nuts and oats. Spoon the mixture into your greased tin, and flatten with the back of a spoon. Once level, put into the oven at 180 degrees, or gas mark 4 for 15-20 minutes. You want the sugar to have caramelised around the edges, and the top to be golden brown, but the middle should still be chewy and soft.

Remove from the oven and leave to cool. Then, turn out from the tin and slice into bars. These are perfect for a packed lunch or a treat between lectures, and with the energy release of the sugar, honey, fruits and oats you’ll stay fuller for longer, while avoiding refined cakes and biscuits. Lillie Coles

Photo: Pixabay, StevePB, Background: Pixabay, Tiny-Hand


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Comment House of Lord-ing it over us

15th March 2017

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Lords should not be able to intervene in democracy Mireia Molina Costa It was announced to the population as the ultimate form of democracy. It was presented as the purest form of listening to the will of the people and highlighted the control that would be taken back by British citizens. However, the EU referendum has resulted in an opinionated negotiation between unelected peers, politicians and a Prime Minister who nobody voted for. The House of Lords voted 358 to 256 to guarantee full rights to EU citizens currently residing in the UK, blocking the House of Common’s decisions for the second time and forcing the parliament to retake the negotiations on Article 50.

“The House of Lords’ blocking is lacking the democratic warranty that a referendum should guarantee” Although such a decision is encouraging and provides hope for the millions of EU citizens living in Britain, forcing the government to soften a hard Brexit with extreme consequences for a large number of people, the House of Lords should not be in the position to block a democratic process. Being a decision left to the direct will of the people in the form of a referendum, an unelected chamber such as the House of Lords fails to be in accordance with its democratic principles. The EU referendum, and especially the Leave Campaign, offered very broad and unclear prospects regarding the position of the UK in Europe from the very start. It was not made clear whether the country would stay in the European Single Market. Such broadness has left a large margin for negotiators, headed by an unelected pro hard Brexit Prime Minister, to interpret all of the Leave votes as they

Crown: Wikimedia, Socadan

wish and as far as the democratic systems allow them to. While satisfying the supporters of a complete withdrawal from Europe, Theresa May’s speech declaring her intentions to pursue a hard Brexit also alarmed others; the withdrawal of the Single Market leaves the future of not only EU citizens but also British citizens living in Europe uncertain. The House of Lords voting is thus good news for all who believe that citizens of the EU should not have their lives left in the lurch. However, regardless of individual opinions, the House of Lords’ blocking is lacking the democratic warranty that a referendum should guarantee. An unelected chamber should not have the power to determine negotiations that are supposed to be done at the most raw and pure level of democracy. Leave’s pledge to take the country back has been revealed as hypocritical by the lack of involvement that the citizens are actually having in the outcome of the referendum. The House of Lords’ decision, although counteracting the hard Brexit the government is pursuing, only makes more evident how the decision is not owned by the population. The lack of concreteness of the referendum left the question of what would happen after Brexit unanswered. It legitimised the government’s freedom to play with people’s rights, giving May the capacity to commit herself to the specific version of Brexit she prefers, which does not necessarily correspond to the majority’s will. The House of Lords’ involvement in the negotiations over Brexit is evidence that shows how the referendum was fundamentally flawed for providing such an unclear future, leaving the essential deals and prospects for Britain at the mercy of the negotiations that the government will manage to achieve. The outcome of a referendum, as its nature entitles, shouldn’t be decided by such, but by the people.

Do not underestimate the Lord’s influence Thomas Gymer

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seats. In the House of Lords, compared to 650 in the Commons.

bishops. sit in the House of Lords. The UK is one of only two countries that reserves legislative space for clerics. The other is Iran.

seats. The number of Conservative Lords.

202

seats. The number of Labour Lords.

102

seats. The number of Liberal Democrat Lords.

3

seats. The number of UKIP Lords.

The House of Lords recently voted against Government plans for the Brexit deal, forcing the House of Commons to take another look at the proposed policy, with amendments added by the Lords. Obviously, this has been a divisive move. This has provoked outrage at the unelected blocking the so-called “will of the people.” This criticism is as flawed today as it has always been. It rests on the mistaken belief that democracy is the end goal of civilization, and that we want as much of it as possible. But in reality, democracy is a tool, which we attempt to use in the best way we can to create the best possible nation state. The House of Lords is hardly the only part of our political system that is unelected. Our head of State - the Queen, - our judges, our Generals, even the Prime Minister and their Cabinet are not elected to their positions. We understand that technical skill and understanding of the law is a far better qualification than personal appeal and campaigning ability.

“Too much democracy can be a bad thing - look at the US who have elected judges ” If you want to see how too much democracy can be a bad thing, you need only look to the US who do have elected judges, who understandably pass down harsher sentences in election years. The US imprisons more people than any other country on Earth. The House of Lords may not be perfectly representative of the British public, but it still has more women and ethnic minorities than the elected House of Commons. As for this specific instance of the House of Lords activity, it is hardly an obstruction of the will of the people. It is simply the usual process of Government, with bills being amended and sent back between the Houses of Parliament for scrutiny and deliberation, the Government is merely making it seem

like a big deal because they fear defeats on these amendments in the Commons, as there are several Conservatives who might rebel on a vote. In the previous reading in the Commons the Government managed to rush through the highly important bill with relatively little debate.

“I am not claiming that there are no problems with the Lords, but there are equally problems with the Commons” The Lords amendments and returning of the bill to the Commons is perfectly acceptable, in no way are the Lords preventing the Commons form passing this bill once, and this is the important part, it has been properly debated. The House of Lords can delay bills, but not totally prevent them, specifically so they cannot block the will of the people. All the Lords do is provide scrutiny and encourage deliberation, which is surely something we want in government. When the Government has a large majority in the Commons, as Blair had, or when the opposition is divided, as it is with Corbyn, then the Government can push through laws with little examination, and the Lords are the only ones who can block them. The independent cross-bench peers are a vital part of our political system, preventing any party from having a majority in the Lords. They defended civil liberties under Tony Blair, and prevented some of the worst cuts under Cameron, and now they protect us from a slap-dash Brexit plan. I am not claiming that there are no problems with the Lords, but there are equally problems with the Commons, and they cannot be easily resolved while maintaining all of the Lords’ unique benefits.

Commons: Wikimedia, Alvesgaspar


15th March 2017

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Corbyn’s Labour cannot cope in this political climate Adam Charlton Comment Writer

‘Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.’ So wrote WB Yeats nearly a century ago. If you believe in reincarnation, you could be forgiven for thinking that Yeats’ falcon did something awful, and was reborn as Jeremy Corbyn. Turning in a gyre not solely his own creation, Labour’s leader is no longer able to hear the advice of the falconer on the ground. Perhaps he never was, and things are certainly falling apart.

“At a time when Labour should have been capitalising upon Tory chaos in Europe, they were fighting amongst themselves” Undeniably, this distance from the traditional ringmasters of the Labour Party; the Peter Mandelsons, Alastair Campbells and Tony Blairs had proved one of his most alluring attributes to the masses who twice

voted him in. Sadly, since Corbyn took charge, it appears his team has dispensed not only with the party’s political past, but with politics itself.

“Labour has wrestled itself over Europe before, but always under the capable captaincy of heavyweights like Harold Wilson or Tony Blair ” Yet it would be rude to exclude the parliamentary Labour Party from this dearth of political dexterity. All one needs to look at is the failed coup that brought about his second election: A very Labour coup, in that it failed. With Corbyn commanding just the support of John McDonnell, his cat and possibly his wife, the pretenders still failed to topple a man who’d been in frontline politics little over a year. At a time when Labour should have been capitalising upon Tory chaos over Europe, they were fighting amongst themselves, and at a time of national crisis. As such, it is no wonder the Conservatives now hold an 11-point lead. The loss of Copeland, a Labour seat since its inception, shows that however wonderful Corybn’s

Wikimedia, Tsering Lhamo policies might be, he has a fatal inability to articulate them. Over the howl of Britain’s political storm, the falcon has become as inaudible as the falconer. Much of this storm has now blown in off the continent, and has proved too tempestuous for the Corbyn ship. Labour has wrestled itself over Europe before, but always under the capable captaincy of heavyweights like Harold Wilson or Tony Blair. Corbyn, for all his idealism is unable to unite Labour, and is surrounded

by a team less competent than himself. Let’s be real, the etching was on the gravestone the day John McDonnell produced Mao’s Little Red Book in parliament.

“Corbyn, for all his idealism, is completely unable to unite Labour” Ultimately, another leadership challenge is out of the question.

The party rendered itself toothless by launching an irresponsible, illegitimate and futile challenge before Corbyn had been given a chance, instead of waiting for disaster in Copeland. Now it is incumbent on Corbyn to negotiate a means of stepping aside that facilitates an election, in which the members of the party’s new left like Angela Rayner are permitted to compete. With every delay, the looming spectre of Tory re-election becomes an increasingly real threat.


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15th March 2017

Science

Antarctic temperature hits record high

Giuseppe Zibordi Tony Allen Science Writer A new investigation has revealed that the temperature in Antarctica reached a record high of 17.5 degrees Celsius in 2015. Average temperatures have also increased in the region, home to the South Pole, which holds much of the globe’s polar ice. Temperatures in the area have risen by nearly three degrees Celsius since the mid1960s. Similar concerns have been expressed over temperature increases in the Arctic. Global warming is causing polar ice caps, which contain a large percentage of the Earth’s water, to melt rapidly in both regions.Polar expert Michael Sparrow described the North and South polar regions as “one of Earth’s final frontiers.” This record high in Antarctica has only come to light this month following the analysis of statistics collected by various monitoring stations across the world’s coldest continent. The figures were revealed by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). In a press release, the WMO stated: “The highest temperature for the “Antarctic continent” defined as the main continental landmass and adjoining islands is the temperature extreme of 17.5 degrees Celsius recorded on 24 March

2015 at the Argentine Research Base Esperanza located near the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.”

“National Geographic estimates in the last 20 years, global sea levels have been rising at twice the rate of the previous 80” The record high temperature of the entire region was slightly greater, with the mercury extending to almost 20 degrees Celsius in 1982. Experts have said that warm air currents are responsible for the high readings. The WMO continued: “Knowledge and verification of such extremes is important in the study of weather patterns, naturally occurring climate variability and humaninduced climate change at global and regional scales. “It is possible, indeed likely, that greater extremes can and have occurred in the Antarctic Region. As with all WMO evaluations, the extremes are identified based on only those events with available high-

quality ground-based data.” Limitations to data collection in Antarctica mean records are patchy and incomplete. The WMO has recently announced a concerted effort until mid-2019 to improve weather monitoring and prediction in the region. Average temperatures in Antarctica are usually between -10 degrees Celsius on the coast and -60 degrees Celsius where readings are taken at the region’s highest points. The continent has an ice sheet up to 3 miles thick and containing 90 pecent of Earth’s fresh water, and it has been estimated that if this huge volume of ice was to melt, it would increase sea levels by around 60 metres.

“This investigation highlights the need to continually monitor all of the Antarctic Region”

The WMO described Antarctica as being “among the fastest warming regions of the planet, almost 3 degrees Celsius over the last 50 years. Some 87 percent of glaciers along the west coast of the Antarctic

Peninsula have retreated in the last 50 years with most of these showing an accelerated retreat in the last 12 years.” Randall Cerveny of the WMO said: “This investigation highlights the need to continually monitor all of the Antarctic Region and ensure that we have the best possible data for climate change analysis at both the regional and global scales.” The data analysis was carried out by the WMO’s Commission for Climatology international evaluation committee. The committee contains experts representing six countries, and includes the UEA Climatic Research Unit’s Research Director Prof Phil Jones and visiting UEA fellow, Prof Manola Brunet, both part of the School of Environmental Sciences. The UK’s other representative among the fifteen-strong team is the British Antarctic Survey’s John King. He is joined by scientists from as far afield as Argentina, New Zealand, Morocco and the USA.National Geographic estimates that in the last 20 years, global sea levels have been rising at twice the rate of the previous 80. Scientists have predicted that a sustained rise in temperature, and consequent polar ice melting could be catastrophic for not only coastal regions but also more inland settlements. Various studies have been carried out to forecast the potential ef-

fects of the melting of polar ice and the ensuing land loss. They have suggested that the world map could be drastically altered, with huge swathes of land lost to the sea. In 2014, it was predicted that a 79 metre rise in sea levels risked leaving major cities such as London and Berlin submerged.

Clue up on the warm up 1

The last two decades of the 20th century have been the hottest of the last 400 years.

2

By the summer of 2040 the Arctic ice region is expected to be ice free.

3

According to 2011 records the rate at which carbon dioxide was being dumped into the environment was at 1000 tonnes per second.

4

Droughts, hurricanes, wildfires, extinction of endangered species, melting of polar ice caps and storm are a few of the side effects of global warming.


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15th March 2017

Breakthrough in artificial embryo research Orla Knox-Macaulay Science Writer Earlier this month, something occurred in a laboratory in Cambridge University that may shed new light on the beauty of creation and life. A three-dimensional artificial mouse embryo model was produced. Essentially, the embryo was made by combining together two different stem cells. One stem cell would make the foetus and the other, the placenta. During the process, the embryo was cultured in a test tube

and an embryo-like model was created. Currently, there is no way that this could be replicated to make a human embryo but the scientists involved firmly believe that this is not something out of reach in the coming years. When interviewed, one of the leading researchers on this project Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz, said: “We think that it will be possible to mimic a lot of the developmental events occurring before 14 days using human embryonic and extra-embryonic stem cells using a similar approach to our technique using mouse stem

cells.” Due to this technique being successful, there is a chance that if the team could further this research then creating a human embryo model is completely possible. As this is stem cell research there are some ethical issues attached. Firstly, this research will be used to help detect reasons for embryonic failure in early pregnancies which can lead to miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies. This could mean that we can ensure successful pregnancies a lot more frequently. An ethical issue attached to this however is the designer baby

argument. By physically producing human embryos, and in turn humans in cultures, then surely, we can create and push forward the next stage of evolution. We will be able to design our babies as this has been done through stem cells. Of course, this is a rather dystopian and futuristic view on what this breakthrough could mean but it is something we should be aware of. A fellow stem cell researcher from Kings College London, Dr Dusko Ilic stated that it was “a beautifully conceived and executed study demonstrating interplay of different cells in different cellular

compartments within the first days of mouse development”. This is such a fantastic achievement and something that could lead to incredible advancement in stem cell discourse, but there are as aforementioned issues surrounding the nature of this research. What is so fantastic about this research is how even though there is an obvious dichotomy between science and what we would perceive to be the unknown, is how there is an element of magic involved. This is not to say that actual magic is involved, but creation itself can be observed which is rather magical.

Space tourism: what, when, where? DNA clues shed light on woolly mammoth death

Emily Hawkins Science Writer

PDP, Jean Beaufort Caitlin Doherty Deputy Editor Space tourism has long been on the wish-lists of multi-millionaires and wannabe young astronauts, running around the garden with tin foil taped to their heads alike, but its development has always seemed to be the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters and essay-induced daydreams. But last week, Elon Musk, multi-billionaire and CEO of SpaceX - a company that “designs, manufactures and launches advanced spacecraft, with the ultimate goal of enabling people to live on other planets” - announced that two customers had paid a ‘significant deposit’ towards spaces on a rocket mission that will fly them around the moon in 2018, marking one of the first real commitments to popular space travel, and vacations on Venus could soon be a reality. According to Libby Jackson, Human Spaceflight and

Microgravity Programme Manager at the UK Space Agency, regular space travel could be possible in “as little as three years time”. Jackson was involved with Tim Peake’s flight to the International Space Station in 2015, and confirmed that the UK Government are keen to ensure that space travel is up and running as soon as possible, and the UK’s first spaceport is currently scheduled for a 2020 opening. Jackson confirmed that “a number of companies around the world are already taking bookings for their sub-orbital flights and expect to take fare-paying passengers into space in the coming years”. Several billion-dollar companies are involved in this 21st century space race, however, it seems that that it will either be SpaceX, or Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic that will have the honour of sending the first non-astronauts into space. Capsules will hold two or three passengers for any one trip, however, with the medical and food supplies necessary for the journey,

the space could feel rather cramped, considering that travelling to the moon and back will take around a week. It goes without saying that space tourism may not be the best option if you’re looking for a cheap, romantic mini break. SpaceX have not confirmed how much they are charging for a seat to the stratosphere, but, Virgin Galactic have revealed that they will be charging £200,000 per person for a trip to the moon, a fee that must be paid in full before lift-off. Having said that, if you’re lucky enough to win the lottery, there should be very little else stopping any hopeful spacemen. “What’s exciting is that anyone can go, as long as they’re physically fit”, says Tamela Maciel from Leicester’s National Space Centre. The age, profession and location of those who have registered an interest in going to space varies greatly. As long as you’re over ten years old and with a burning desire to go to space, then high above the world is your oyster….

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have discovered indications as to why the woolly mammoth became extinct by examining ancient DNA. Researchers have concluded the animals died out because their genomes developed in ways not conducive to survival. Genetic mutations found in mammoth DNA from 4,000 years ago was compared to another genetic sample from 45,000 years ago. Dr Rebekah Rogers, who led the research, said of this method: “It’s difficult to catch a population in the process of going extinct, but this study finally made it possible, thanks to advances in DNA sequencing.” Comparing the samples revealed that the last mammoths, living on Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean, had lost receptors key for their sense of smell and had developed anti-social behaviour. Such mutations affected the breeding rate of the animals on the island, leading to their extinction. By the time of the mammoth’s nadir, they had also lost their thick coats, making them unsuited to the harsh winters of Siberia. Scientists also found the animals lacked levels of protein in their urine necessary for attracting a mate, as well as having digestive problems that made survival harder. Dr Rogers described the latest discovery as the first instance of “genetic meltdown” in a single species. She said the mammoth’s genetic material had been “falling apart” at the time of its extinction. In addition to providing a crucial insight into the demise of the woolly mammoth, this research is being hailed as a turning point

for work into conservation. The scientific community have said the research could be a breakthrough for current conservation work regarding saving animals like the white rhino, Indian elephant, and panda. Love Dalen, an academic in evolutionary genetics at the Swedish Museum of Natural History called the research “very novel” and speculated about the “important implications for

“They had also lost their thick coats, making them unsuited to the harsh winters of Siberia” conservation biology” that could result from examining genomes from other species in a similar fashion. Dalen, who pioneered work into the DNA sequencing of mammoths, discovered deletions in the genes of the animals, whereby “big chunks” of genomes were missing. Dr Rogers said her team’s research shows “when you have these small populations for an extended period of time they can go into genomic meltdown.” The key then is to prevent such meltdowns from occurring in the first place by making sure populations of rare animals do not dip to such low levels that genetic mutations occur. Dr Rogers explained that “if you have a small population and then bring it back up to larger numbers” species may not be able to be saved from the threat of extinction as the species “will still bear those signatures of this genomic meltdown.”


Travel

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The horror of the Hammam

Travel Editor Jennifer Redfern on searching for an authentic Marrakech experience

Wikimedia, Luc Viatour ‘I like your skirt - you walk like a chicken’ was just one of the many bizarre, backhanded compliments I received from business owners eager to attract attention in the markets of Marrakech. Odd greetings and persistent yells were only too common as my sister and I explored the labyrinthine market streets lined by the prying eyes of shopkeepers sheltering from the oppressive midday heat. Like cowering spiders they crouched on stalls, receding into the darkness of their tourist caves and watching intently for those vulnerable enough to be lured into their webs of lanterns, spices and slippers.

"I like your skirt - you walk like a chicken" With tourism the major industry of Marrakech, the locals have learnt the tricks of the trade, mostly in the form of competitive shouting. Subtlety was excluded from their

marketing strategies, replaced with aggressive sales pitches ignoring any notion of consumer choice.

"Despite promises of true relaxation and cultural insight, I was sceptical, but I agreed to try it out" Entering the Jama El Fna (Marrakech’s main square) at night was difficult feat without being bombarded with bellows of offers for dinner, each restaurant claiming to have an advantage the others didn’t. Some had been ‘dined at by Rick Stein’, while others guaranteed ‘Asda prices with the quality of M&S’. We were given an entire speech in ‘TOWIE’ slang, including the words ‘reem’ and ‘jel’, spoken in

a questionable Essex accent. The input of British culture into the lives of these young men (women were excluded from these jobs), while comedic at first, eventually seemed somewhat sad. As tourists we should have been embracing the Moroccan culture, but instead the locals were embracing ours. In an attempt to experience a ‘more authentic Morocco’, my sister and I booked ourselves a Hammam (also known as a Turkish bath). My sister had been keen to experience this spa treatment, a traditional communal activity in Arab countries allowing men and women respectively to socialise and scrub simultaneously. Despite promises of true relaxation and cultural insight, I was sceptical, but in fear of disappointing my older sibling I agreed to try it out. As we sat naked, side-by-side on a marble bench overlooking an equally marbled table, I began to regret my give-it-a-go attitude. There was barely time to utter a

nervous giggle before we were choking through a suffocating torrent of water that a nonchalant Moroccan spa worker flung at us. I blinked and choked through the freezing gush, amazed at how this violation could in any way be advertised as relaxing.

"My eyes burned as I surveyed an experience that could easily be compared to the opening scenes of a lesbian porno" These initial feelings of misery were perhaps preferable to the levels of discomfort that came next. My sister was invited to lie on a marble table while I remained seated, watching. While I’m all for sisterly bonding, watching every intimate nook and cranny of your

sibling’s naked body being scrubbed and scoured by an equally naked Moroccan woman is a step too far. My eyes burned as I surveyed an experience that could easily be compared to the opening scenes of a lesbian porno. I resisted the temptation to gouge out my eyes and took my own position, ready to finally experience the relaxation I had been promised. Relaxation is difficult to achieve when being scrubbed by a texture comparable to sandpaper. I lay grimacing inelegantly on the cool marble surface, as the burning sensation in my eyes spread across my body. The only positive gained from this painful exfoliation was that it marginally reduced the effect of a failed attempt at Henna, which had given my left arm an unusual orange glow comparable to a fake tan fatality. Although not necessarily relaxed as I left the spa 20 minutes later, the removal of several layers of skin assured that my body definitely did feel cleaner. My mind? Not so much.


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The unknown When I accidentally side of Tokyo adopted a roommate

Wikipedia.org, Gussisaurio

Yana Savelyeva Travel Writer When thinking of Tokyo`s attractions, many people would perhaps consider Shibuya crossing or an old town in Asakusa. Indeed, these places are great and worth visiting. However, after spending 2 months observing Tokyo`s every corner I found some fantastic places which might be not mentioned by travel guides that are still very interesting. Firstly, Rainbow Bridge. Many tourists enjoy the view of the bridge from different observation decks or Odaiba island. The bridge instantly became one of my favourite places in Tokyo and it is therefore surprising that so few people know of it. Unlike many observation decks in Tokyo, the entrance to the Rainbow Bridge is completely free. Moreover, this bridge has multiple decks on both sides (south and north) from which you can get astonishing views of different parts of Tokyo. Sometimes, when the weather is kind, you can be lucky to see Mount Fuji. More than that, since the bridge is quite long (about 800m), the views change as you walk along it, and when approaching the end of the path, you can even get a view on the bridge itself! Because there are no glass windows at these observation decks, you can easily take the most gorgeous pictures even at night. Secondly, the Rainbow Bridge gives you a thrilling experience. Being 52 meters above water while seeing a 180 degree panorama of Tokyo and having trains, cars and motorcyclists all rushing at a high speed behind you definitely makes your walk special and

exciting. Finally, this is not a very popular place, therefore, you will likely not meet many people during your walk and you can fully enjoy walking along the bridge experiencing its pure atmosphere. My recommendation would be to go there after sunset so you can get a magical night view. Secondly, Meiji Jingu Forest. Believe it or not, but one of the quietest places in Tokyo is actually located in one of the most crowded areas. When people come to Harajuku, the district where Meiji Jingu Forest is located, they usually visit a shopping street, Yoyogi park and of course Meiji Jingu Shrine. Not many of them know that there is something else interesting behind the shrine. When I went to Meiji Jingu Shrine I noticed a number of paths, and I could not help following them. I had no regrets. On my way I saw giant jungle trees that looked as they were spreading to infinity, and came across just a couple of people. When the jungle ended, I wandered into the beautiful park with lots of unique trees, a lovely lake and a small bridge. In summer, all the trees are green, but if you come there closer to sunset, you will see how the sunlight turns green trees into orange and yellow ones and makes the scenery even more wonderful. Without any doubt, Meiji Jingu Forest is a perfect place to relax, refresh and feel the nature. These are only two of numerous unpopular places of Tokyo that are worth visiting. If you ever have a chance to visit this great city, go beyond well-known attractions and explore different places. And you will not regret. Because Tokyo is one of those cities that will never stop surprising and astonishing.

Megan Baynes Megan Baynes Editor-in-Chief The prospect of sacrificing your personal space and sharing a room with a total stranger is probably the most off-putting part of study abroad. Americans have this weird obsession with rooming students together, and whilst everywhere else in the developed world seems to have accepted that 18-23 year olds like privacy, Clark University in Massachusetts was one of those beloved institutions that hadn’t quite got the memo.

"Enter Maddie: she marched into my life, and our room, a chatty southern whirlwind who spoke a mile a minute and brought infinite sass to every interaction" I am perhaps classically English in that I love silence and the thought of sharing my space with a loud American filled me with dread. I’ve seen Pitch Perfect: I know I’m more Kimmy Jin than Becca, and it sometimes takes people a while to grow to love that, so I knew that the biggest hurdle I would face studying abroad was living with a roommate. Enter Maddie: she marched into my life, and our room, a chatty southern whirlwind who spoke a mile a minute and brought infinite sass to every interaction. You did not want to be on the wrong

side of her ‘Mom-face’. (yes, that’s right. They had a room It was going to take something inspection in which they confiscated big to bond us. Having just suffered everyone’s coffee makers) by a through the ordeal of orientation week. Heather, Maddie and I doted — don’t even get me started on on the cat in varying degrees — how peppy Americans are — I was Maddie pretended she hated her, beginning to feel more settled, but I would catch her talking to although I did wonder how on earth the cat when she thought I had my I would ever feel at home in this headphones in. strange land where everything was Lady was eventually adopted deep fried and no one understood and went to live in Boston, and what a ‘lie in’ was. probably not a moment too soon: And that’s when we accidentally I love cats but this one had given adopted a cat. me more grey hairs than I thought In hindsight, keeping a stray suited me, so I was quite pleased to kitten in our dorm room for two see the back of her. weeks was probably a fairly As for Maddie, Heather and ridiculous thing to do. It began with I; well, we became firm friends. I a fairly hysterical call from Heather, guess those who accidentally adopt a mutual friend and known cat- stray cats together are friends for fiend. She had found a stray cat and, life. We moved into a triple person as one does, started hysterically room the following semester. Turns crying and refused to leave it alone. out I liked having a roommate so So, naturally, I agreed to adopt it — much, I decided to adopt another funnily enough Heather’s one — and this one wasn’t a cat. roommates wouldn’t allow it in their flat — and turned up at my dorm, furry bundle stashed under my arms. The next week and a half was spent in a panic of air freshener as we organised ‘sitters’ to make sure the cat was guarded at all times. Not that she seemed to do much: this tiny stray spent most of her time lounging on my bed, steadfastly ignoring all the cat toys we had bought from Walmart. Every time the RA walked past our locked door I When Lad broke out in a sweat. y met UEA bunny By some miracle they postponed room inspection


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Cham Danny Booty

Mae Jackson

Charlie Levenson

Jacob Simmons

UEA Swimming

Alex Lazarou


DERBY DAY 2017 Derby day 2017 15th March 2017

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Yana Savelyeva

mpions Nick Zubin

Hannah Cracknell

Mariljn Hegge

Jack Evans

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Keeling lifts UEA to victory Nick Murphy Sports Editor The UEA women’s football team produced an assured performance to claim a hard fought 2-1 victory over the University of Essex on a difficult pitch at Colney Lane. A brace from Jess Keeling either side of a scrappy Essex goal proved enough for UEA to snatch the win and that all important Derby Day point. The girls began on the front foot and could have had the lead inside the opening minute, a cross from the left narrowly evading the UEA head at the back post to go out of play for a goal kick. UEA continued to make the early running and almost capitalised from a mistake by the Essex goalkeeper which gifted the UEA attacker a chance to open the scoring, but she could only miscue her shot to give Essex a lucky reprieve. On a bobbly surface at Colney Lane it was Alex Tibble who caught the eye, the midfielder continually breaking up the play and providing an all-round nuisance factor to Essex’s attempts to establish a pattern of play. Then, with just under a quarter of the game played, Essex were handed the first big opportunity of the afternoon. Some neat passing in the midfield area saw the ball eventually played out to the right where the Essex number ten fired a low shot that was easily dealt with by UEA keeper Charlotte Jones. That scare sparked the hosts into life and little over a minute later

UEA took the lead. A corner from the left was not dealt with by the Essex goalkeeper which allowed Jess Keeling to sneak in at the back post and tap home from close range. It was a deserved lead for the home side who had shaded the opening stages in a far from fluid contest. Essex responded and almost equalised immediately, the UEA defence forced into action to deny a volleyed effort from the visitors which was blocked for a corner. UEA started to look more confident with their lead by this stage and soon drove forward in search of a second, Charnelle Riggall was unlucky to see her effort from outside the box go over the bar for a goal kick. Despite not providing a threat from open play, Essex continued to look dangerous from set pieces. So it proved on 39 minutes when the Reds took advantage of a mix-up in the UEA box to prod home from a corner to make it 1-1. The goal was not without controversy though, with a UEA defender seemingly kicked in the head at the far post following a 50/50 challenge. Despite protests from the home side the goal stood and the two teams headed into half time locked at a goal-a-piece. The sides remerged from half time to an improved crowd at Colney Lane, and with the bit between their teeth, the UEA women were fastest out of the blocks following the interval. First, Camilla Morgan was played in down the right but could only send her shot from outside the box out for a throw-in, and then Zavala found the unmarked Tibbs with an excellent cross to the back

post, but the midfielder could only glance her header wide of the target when she really ought to have done better. Essex were not without their opportunities however, with goalkeeper Jones forced into a diving save down to her left to keep out a curling effort from distance. Jones was called into action again not long after, denying the visitors at the second attempt after she fumbled a corner from the left hand side. With just over 20 minutes of the match remaining UEA were handed a golden opportunity to retake the lead in the contest. Intricate play on the left saw the UEA number two slipped in one-on-one with only the goalkeeper to beat. She advanced coolly into the box before losing composure at the final second, sending her effort high over the bar and out for a goal kick. Fortunately, UEA would not live to regret that missed chance and retook the lead just three minutes later. A free-kick on the left was whipped in to the back post where Keeling was waiting unmarked to direct a powerful header into the bottom corner of the net and beyond the Essex goalkeeper for a 2-1 lead. From there the hosts never looked back, with only some verbal sparring between Morgan and an Essex defender causing the referee any problems as the UEA women held onto their lead to record an impressive Derby Day victory.

UEA 2-1 ESX

Frank Bazelgette

“John Cena tells us never to give up!” Katie Pilbeam gives us the ultimate recap of one of Derby Day’s more unusual sports UEA’s Ultimate Frisbee (Mixed) team comfortably beat Essex 15-8 in a game that enjoyed an electric atmosphere created by its onlookers beneath the early afternoon blue skies and sunshine of the Colney Lane pitches. Despite happening on these fields at the same time as some of the more established sports such as football and rugby, sports that drew some of the biggest crowds of the day, the spirit and party atmosphere surrounding the less conventional Ultimate Frisbee pitch meant that people soon gathered to show their support. UEA led proceedings from the off, scoring their first point within two minutes of the game beginning. However, Essex hit back and drew level shortly after. After some promising play from UEA, the team scored two points to push themselves into the lead.

“a lot of chanting, bubbles and singalongs to party tunes including ‘Come on Eileen, which one spectator danced to with his trousers down” This lead didn’t last long as Essex soon brought themselves back into the game, making the score 3-3 with twenty minutes gone. An outstanding catch of a disc thrown

by Marc Horrex brought UEA back into the lead and following a succession of exciting play, including a bad turnover by Essex, a catch by Tom Hull secured UEA yet another point. After another tense, fumbled catch for the yellows, UEA were confident with their 6-3 lead. At this point, a shout of ‘are you proposing?!’ distracted me from the game, and I turned to see a spectator on one knee in front of his girlfriend. Sadly ‘we weren’t proposing, we were getting paracetamol out of my bag’ Megan informs me, but this moment provided a lot of laughter alongside the pitch, where the mood was getting more excitable as the crowds began to grow. A yell from the UEA Ultimate Frisbee team supporting on the sidelines commending an ‘unreal disc’ caught by Billy LawrenceThorne brought the score up to a

respectable 8-5 to UEA at half time. The second half began with UEA claiming two points, one due to a spectacular diving catch from Harriet Tuite Dalton. Essex quickly responded to reduce the deficit to 10-6. Two minutes later, Tuite Dalton secured another point for her team but Essex rapidly matched once again.

“the electric atmosphere meant everyone walked away smiling ” At this point a very intoxicated rugby team appeared over a grassy hill with a pram containing a large speaker. The boys stuck around for

a bit, providing a lot of chanting, bubbles and sing-along party tunes, including ‘Come On Eileen’, which one spectator danced to with his trousers down. This didn’t distract either team, both securing enough points to bring the score up to 13-8. All UEA needed were two more points to win. They dug deep and found them within a matter of minutes, handing UEA victory with 15 points to Essex’s 8, prompting a celebratory pitch invasion from excitable friends and fans. The encouraging words of a drunken spectator mid-match summed up everyone’s feelings perfectly: “John Cena tells us never to give up!”, and the electric atmosphere at the Frisbee meant everyone walked away smiling.

UEA 15-8 ESX


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day 2017 Debut Derby Day triumph for UEA softball Emily Hawkins Sports Writer

Emily Hawkins

UEA’s Blue Sox softball team beat Essex by a resounding 25-11 victory on Saturday. This was the first time UEA’s softball team, led by Captain Oona Ylinen, have participated in Derby Day, no doubt giving the team a confidence boost for future competitions. The game began at a slow place with Essex scoring just the one run from a disappointing first innings. UEA then modestly slipped into the lead by scoring two points. However, the Blue Sox’s chances of victory appeared shaky for a moment when the Essex team successfully scored another three points in succession. UEA soon regained their lead

with, Ylinen, scoring a home run that brought the total score to 8-5 to UEA. By the fourth innings, a Blue Sox success seemed, with points scored by UEA’s Ethan Attwood, Andreas Fopp and Ylinen among others, bringing the UEA score to 15, to Essex’s 5 points. A brief medical time out was called midway through the game when an Essex player was accidentally injured in a collision with a member of the opposing team. A UEA player suffered a minor ankle knock near the end of the game. When the game resumed following the Essex injury, UEA’s Blue Sox were leading 18-5, quickly bringing their score up to a seemingly unassailable 22 points. A home run was then scored by UEA’s Casey, followed by a further two

points as UEA continued to display their considerable batting prowess. Essex did manage to regain some of their earlier energy in the last fifteen minutes of the game, and scored another six times, bringing their total to 11 points.Speaking to Concrete, U Ylinen said: “We’ve played Essex before and we did win the series but never by this much. “It’s quite overwhelming as this is our first year playing in Derby Day as well. We’ve had a team for a while but Essex hasn’t, so it’s quite exciting for us.” UEA player Manaho Higashi said that their win “felt really good.” She said: “It was a very good game, I didn’t expect we would win by so much. That’s not usual.”

UEA 25-11 ESX

UEA win Futsal 3-1 Men’s Hockey claim final match James Chesson Sports Writer UEA battled their way to a 3-1 win over Essex in Women’s Futsal, thanks to a dominant second half performance. The home side took the lead five minutes into the second half, when a shot from distance was parried by the Essex goalkeeper and UEA’s Rosa Bisbrown followed it up with a powerful volley into the roof of the net. The second goal was almost a carbon copy of the first, as the Essex goalkeeper once again failed to hold on to a shot from long range and Bisbrown was on hand to poke home from around a metre out. The goal that pulled Essex back into the contest had an element of fortune to it. A UEA attack broke down and sent the ball spiralling towards the halfway line. An Essex player won the 50-50 challenge with UEA’s last defender, which sent her through on goal. The chance briefly looked to have escaped her when she took a heavy touch, but she managed to reach the ball before the UEA goalkeeper, and slammed in her side’s only goal. UEA then sealed the win in the closing stages with a fluid passing move. They dragged the Essex defenders out of position, opening up space in the middle for a great cross, and a UEA forward calmly slotted her shot beyond the reach of the keeper and into the bottom corner to make it 3-1. The first half had been a much less exciting affair, with both sides defending resolutely and having to resort to shooting from distance, with most attempts going wildly off target. UEA did have the best chances of the first half, and should have opened the scoring early on when a long ball was played into the Essex box and the UEA player just could not quite get a strong enough

connection on her shot. UEA went close again with a quick counter attack that ended in a miscued strike. The home side also nearly scored moments before the end of the first half when UEA’s number three won the ball deep in her own half, then powered forward before firing a low, hard shot towards the bottom corner, which the Essex keeper did well to push behind for a corner. That UEA defender was in excellent form for the entire game, making several crucial challenges, including a brilliant last ditch slide tackle with a couple of minutes left to play in the first half when an Essex player looked to be clean through on goal. Essex largely failed to test the UEA keeper, with most of their shots heading straight at her, but she was called into action with virtually the last kick of the first half when a curling effort from an Essex player looking to be creeping into the far corner of the goal, but the UEA keeper tipped it beyond the post. In what was a feisty encounter neither side held back in their challenges. The referee, however, seemed determined not to give a single foul, regardless of how clear it was to the crowd that he was erring on the lenient side. That allowed the game to flow freely, creating a highly dynamic and competitive match. Once UEA had gone 2-0 up, the Essex players started to let their frustration get the better of them, and the referee was forced to finally give a free kick early in the second half. An Essex player responded angrily to a perfectly good strong tackle by kicking the UEA player who made it, with the ball nowhere near either of them. Ultimately UEA’s quality on the ball and superior goalkeeper proved to be the difference in a hugely entertaining second half.

UEA 3-1 ESX

Nick Czubin Nick Czubin Sports Writer UEA Men’s Hockey put in a dominant performance to record a convincing 6-1 victory over Essex in the last event of an enthralling Derby Day. The match was fairly even early on, with neither side taking a foothold in the contest. UEA received a number of cards and Essex took that opportunity to go 1-0 up on the counter attack while UEA were a man down. The speed of Essex on the break caught the UEA defence off guard. Fortunately this seemed to be the wake up call UEA needed. The lackadaisical start was soon forgotten as the hosts began to raise their standard. A yellow card for UEA briefly halted their charge up the pitch. Not being able to convert chances seemed to be the issue for UEA as Essex did a very good job man marking. A short

corner and a deflection brought UEA back into it at 1-1. At the end of the half the game was finely poised, with the result still firmly in the balance. The second half began with UEA gaining a short corner early on, from which David Gilbert drag flicked into the top left corner. Another short corner saw Sam Combes finish well at the back post with a tap in after a well worked routine to make it 3-1. Essex played well defensively early in the second half but UEA converted their chances and looked to upgrade to short corners. Essex received a green card and Christopher Whiting fires the ball into the side netting with an accurate drag flick leaving the Essex goalkeeper no chance, 4-1. Another yellow card then followed for UEA, with a dropped shoulder reducing the home side to ten men.The passing sequences from UEA had improved massively from the first half as the Essex

players began to get tired. A trio of short corners then saw UEA make it 5-1, with David Gilbert producing another exquisite drag flick. All five UEA goals up to this point had come from short corners, evidencing the hard work put in by the side in prepreration for the Derby Day contest. The Essex team soon dropped deep, making it difficult for UEA to break them down and gain any more opportunities. With five minutes to go, Ben Mann threw a well executed aerial pass to Hector Moore who unselfishly played in Sam Combes to put gloss on the scoreline and make it 6-1 to UEA. That was how the game would finish, and but for a poor first half, the hosts were by far the more dominant side, scoring five of their six goals in an excellent second half.

UEA 6-1 ESX


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UEA take revenge with twin wins Richard Ewart Sports Editor UEA’s cricket teams won both their indoor matches against Essex, avenging last year’s heavy defeat and bringing a successful indoor season to a close. The first team won with just one ball and wicket to spare while the strong second team had earlier beaten the away side with relative ease. Bowling first, the first team got off to an excellent start after captain Ash Layer superbly ran out an Essex opener who had made the poor decision to risk a quick single to Layer’s arm. This gave UEA important momentum in the early stages of the match. However, Essex’s number three, Saim Hussain picked up threes with ease and kept the scoreboard ticking alongside the remaining opener. These two batsmen both reached 25 and retired which allowed the home team to claw back the run rate with Essex’s lower order unable to get away some excellent death bowling. This bowling, coupled with tidy glovework behind the stumps and fine fielding, including a spectacular reflex catch from Harry Bailey, meant that Essex lost regular wickets in the latter stages of their innings and finished on 102. In their reply, UEA got off to a good start with wayward bowling allowing the batting side to reach 44-0 after just three overs. UEA’s

openers, Jake Lawrence and Theeshan Seelan continued to pick up threes and boundaries and were 64 without loss at the halfway point before a questionable umpiring decision saw Lawrence given out LBW to Hussain. This handed Essex the momentum which they successfully capitalised on, taking regular wickets. The game was still UEA’s to lose however, with just seven needed from eight balls and Seelan back at the crease having retired on 25 earlier. He was then run out to end a fine innings, leaving Ashwin Bhatt, UEA’s last man standing, requiring seven to win from the final over. Pressure was showing on both batsmen and fielders in front of a large and loud crowd as Essex missed a chance to win the game with a run out opportunity three balls into the over. Victory was finally sealed for the UEA first team after Bhatt, needing two to win from two balls, scored the winning runs with the help of an overthrow to seal the narrowest of victories. The first team’s win had been inspired by a fantastic all-round performance from the second team, who had earlier chased down 93 with the loss of just one wicket and with plenty of balls to spare. Electing to field first seemed the right decision after tight bowling put pressure on Essex’s openers. Ben Harrison took the first wicket and despite the other opener retiring on

Billy William Kabuubi 25, the Blades’ run-rate was never out of the bowling side’s control. Cricket’s President Mayur Gami clean bowled an Essex batsman to send the crowd wild and, alongside excellent fielding, pegged the away side back and ensured they never threatened to reach a three figure total, eventually ending on 93-5. The second team’s opening batsmen, captain Sean Jenkins and Jack Dudleston rotated the strike well, while still managing to hit the bad ball to the boundary when it came. This ensured the required run-rate was never an issue and

both batsmen reached 25, getting UEA off to the best possible start. With the middle order continuing to bat well, the home side only needed twelve to win off the final three overs. Rather than leave it late, numbers four and five, Gami and Harrison, decided to end the game swiftly. Fittingly, it was President Mayur Gami that finished the match off, smashing a straight six to win the game for UEA. First team captain Ash Layer described the two wins as ‘a great achievement for a pretty new and

inexperienced squad’ and he hailed both teams for ‘holding [their] nerve in the pressure of big games’. Gami, who played in the unsuccessful Derby Day match last year spoke of how ‘we weren’t happy with ourselves [last year] … We picked ourselves up at the start of the year, had a good BUCS campaign and this was the icing on the cake … We’re happy and looking forward to the summer with confidence’.

UEA 2-0 ESX

Essex in pole position Confident UEA triumph in Korf Bryony Barker Sports Writer Some may look at Pole Fitness and argue that it is not a sport, but at all levels of skill this pastime requires strength, talent, and determination - isn’t that what all sports require? Despite the stigma attached to pole what I saw on Derby Day was nothing less than impressive. The categories of the competition went in order from Beginner, Intermediate, to Advanced, all competitors demonstrating varying skills on both a static and a spinning pole, and as the level of skill grew so did the awe of those watching. However, it was not only a competitors skill on the pole that was marked but their fluidity and use of lines, how they transitioned, using the space in-between each pole, audience interaction and the performer’s own interpretation of their chosen music. Of course, as the categories advanced so did the entertainment of each performance, but it was interesting to see how each performance differed and how they each competitor brought their own flare and individuality to their piece. It was not only the skill of

each person that varied but each performance on the whole. Each performer used their music in a different way to the other. There was a variety of genres, ranging from the slow, sultry and artistic, to the more electronic and upbeat. However, what was noticeable is that as each performer became more comfortable on stage, it was at that point that both themselves and their performance thrived. Audience interaction seems to be a crucial element to the success of each performance, with each clap, or word of encouragement you can see the performer edging more and more into their element. But it was the level of camaraderie between the opposing teams that made the atmosphere what it was. Each team applauded the other as loudly as their own, and so despite it being a competition, it made the performances seem more of a celebration of the sport rather than a win or lose situation. As spectators of this sport, we cannot help but admire the courage of each and every one of the competitors.

UEA 1-2 ESX

Nick Murphy Sports Editor The University of East Anglia Korfball Club completed a resounding sporting double by defeating the University of Essex 12-4 in Derby Day, just 24 hours after recording only their second ever BUCS National Championships success at Sportspark. The celebrations began on Sunday when the club defeated Southampton 18-11 in the BUCS final, and continued following a resounding 12-4 victory over their beleaguered Essex opponents on the Monday. It wasn’t all plain sailing, though, with the UEA team forced to come back from 3-2 down in the contest, that despite taking an initial 2-0 lead at the start of the first half through Hannah Blades and Matt Long. Essex rallied at the end of the half and pulled themselves level courtesy of a quickfire brace from Craven to draw the scores level at 2-2. Essex continued to rally and at the start of the second half took

a shock lead when a shot from distance went clean through the UEA basket to make it 3-2. The hosts responded almost instantly, Matt Long getting his second of the game before a peppering of shots on the Essex goal almost returned the lead to UEA. The home side wouldn’t have to wait long to retake the lead in the topsyturvy contest, though, Hannah Blades completing a lovely flowing move with a goal from just underneath the basket.The floodgates soon opened for the hosts with the lead extended when club President Bayley Woodridge put away a rebound after the initial shot had hit the basket. Matt Long then made it six for the dominant home side with a penalty before UEA were in seventh heaven when a Georgie Hill interception set up Matt Long for his fourth of the evening from close range. UEA then produced the move of the match to make it 8-3 courtesy of a wonderful passing triangle that bamboozled the Essex defence, culminating in Tom Greenfield rising like a salmon to finish the move off with an expert finish.

UEA soon added further gloss to the scoreline, making it nine from close range before Georgie Hill completed another fine move from across the court to make it 10-3 and effectively wrap up the match.

“the celebrations began on Sunday when the club defeated Southampton 18-11 in the BUCS final” The visitors did reduce the arrears to six points when Dobby scored a penalty after a UEA defensive mistake, but UEA continued to assert their dominance well into the closing stages by scoring another four goals without reply to secure a comprehensive 12-4 victory and the all-important Derby Day point.

UEA 12-4 ESX


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day 2017 Essex headbutt mars UEA football success Sports Editor Nick Murphy on the game that won UEA the trophy

A headbutt from a University of Essex footballer and several incidents of bottle throwing from both university’s marred what was an impressive 1-0 victory for the UEA Men’s Football 1st XI on Saturday. The match would also prove to be UEA’s clinching result on yet another successful Derby Day. The game had already concluded, when following UEAs post-match celebrations, an Essex footballer was forcibly restrained before executing a headbutt on an unnamed individual. The incident sparked a melee on the touchline from the 200+ crowd at Colney Lane, with both sides involved in incidents of bottle throwing as security attempted to return order to the event. The game itself, however, was a fascinating contest, with UEA claiming victory courtesy of a calm finish from Alfie Draper midway through the first half. It was UEA that started the brighter and they almost took the lead inside six minutes when a loose ball inside the area was pounced upon by Nathan Russell, but his effort was blocked from six-yards out as Essex survived an early scare. Just before the 10 minute mark it was UEA’s turn to have their heart in their mouth, the referee waiving away Essex penalty appeals after it appeared as though a UEA defender had handled the ball inside the box. The game then threatened to boil over as two heavy challenges went unpunished, resulting in a small fracas in the middle of the park following intervention from the referee. Essex then resumed play and almost opened the scoring after a mix-up between goalkeeper Tom Caldon and a UEA defender allowed in an Essex attacker, but the pair quickly regrouped to snuff out any potential danger.

UEA soon turned defence into attack and less than 60 seconds later the home side had the lead. A lovely bit of skill from Mohammed Hassan on the left allowed Draper to get in behind the Essex defence before opening up his body and slotting a Bergkamp-esque finish beyond the visiting goalkeeper and into the far corner of the net for a 1-0 UEA advantage. Cue wild celebrations on the sidelines from the expectant crowd. With Essex clearly rattled following the goal, UEA looked to take full advantage and almost doubled their lead two minutes later. More intricate play out on the right allowed Hassan in behind but the UEA forward could only drag his shot wide of the target when he really should have tested the Essex goalkeeper. Such a tightly fought game was bringing out some excellent sliding challenges from both sides, but an Essex defender soon overstepped the mark, going in late on his UEA opponent and receiving a yellow card for his troubles. With the half petering out to a close, UEA received their second slice of luck when a stonewall Essex penalty appeal was turned down following a mistimed challenge in the box from a UEA defender. The hosts nearly took full advantage of their reprieve and looked in on goal up the other end, only for a similarly cynical sliding challenge from an Essex defender to deny the yellow and blues. The second half soon began in earnest and Essex almost found an equaliser when a free-kick was struck just wide of the post. UEA then had a contentious penalty claim of their own turned down after an Essex defender scythed through a UEA attacker, only for the referee to waive play on to the astonished 200+ crowd that had gathered under the

Mae Jackson setting sun at Colney. UEA came close again a few minutes later, but the home side’s free-kick from distance was comfortably saved by the Essex goalkeeper. With time running out UEA came within inches of doubling their advantage when a free-kick was knocked forward to Russell who turned his man before firing an excellent curling left-footed effort just over the bar. Essex, limited in their

opportunities up to this point, almost grabbed an undeserved equaliser with 78 minutes on the clock. A ball into the box was only partially cleared to an Essex man whose first time shot cannoned off the underside of the bar before being cleared to safety by the imperious UEA rearguard. The hosts continued to push for a second goal to kill off the contest and they nearly found it six minutes from time when a low cross into

the six-yard box was missed by the narrowest of margins by the onrushing UEA frontman to give Essex another reprieve. Despite a last late throw of the dice from Essex – UEA held on to secure a 1-0 victory, a clean sweep in the afternoon’s football competitions, and that all important Derby Day point.

UEA 1-0 ESX

UEA hit Essex for six in women’s hockey Nick Czubin Sports Writer The UEA Women’s Hockey team made light work of their Essex opponents with a crushing 6-0 victory under the floodlights at Sportspark. UEA Ladies came into the game having lost just two games all year in their league fixtures and didn’t look back from the word go. The game began with both teams feeling each other out and trying to impose their game plan. UEA applied pressure with a large number of patient passes used to push and pull the opposition out of place and create openings. The high pressure resulted in several chances,

but the Essex keeper maintained her composure in the early stages to preserve the 0-0 scoreline. The fast paced UEA passing began to show on the Essex team, and it looked to be just a matter of time before the first goal went in. A series of short corners saw Essex clear the ball away from their goalline, with one such clearance allowing the visitors to break into the UEA half for the first time without testing the home goalkeeper. Essex struggled to play the ball out from the 16 and a misplaced pass and quick thinking led to an easy goal for Laura Graham through the keeper’s legs. UEA were straight back on the front foot from the restart and a short corner led to the second goal, scored by Micayla Tootill.

“the fast paced UEA passing began to show on the Essex team and it looked to be just a matter of time before the first goal went in”

A few minutes later and Kirsy Smith dribbled around four players before being stopped in her tracks. Fortunately the ball then fell kindly after some scrappy play and Laura Graham was in the right place at the right time and clinically put the ball away for a 3-0 lead just before half time. The second half began much as the first half had ended with UEA applying pressure and Essex struggling to find any rhythm. Kirsty Smith won a short corner after miraculously keeping the ball on the pitch. Georgia Cleveland then capitalised with a low drag flick into the bottom left corner of the goal which bounced over the onrushing efenders stick. By this stage it was clear that

Essex had really struggled to make any sort of impression in this game, and that ultimately, the contest was won. Almost immediately, another short corner provided another goal for Cleveland on the restart with a well worked routine which saw UEA go 5-0 up. Essex gave away a penalty flick just a couple of minutes later, which gave UEA the chance to further increase the scoreline and embarress their visiting opponents. Rachel Millar converted the penalty flick to make it 6-0 to the hosts with not long left to play. The game finished 6-0 to UEA to add further gloss to proceedings and another point to the overall Derby Day tally.

UEA 6-0 ESX


Derby day 2017 A nailbiting finish UEA Angels

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in Derby Day heaven

Photo: Thomas Little

Thomas Little Sports Writer At first glance, I’m not going to lie — Essex were not looking too good; while UEA’s team was ripping it up in the warm-up drills, their opponents were struggling to even sink a basket. Of course, it’d be unreasonable to call an entire match on a few missed shots before the game even started, but… man… it was not too far off. In the first half, UEA were absolutely dominating the court; #14 — the all-around super-star of the first and second quarter — shot 100 percent from the free throw line, snagged some big rebounds, and generated endless opportunities on offence. Essex, on the other hand, were nothing short of scrappy; they committed weak fouls, could not come up with the boards, turned over the ball more times than I could count, and — frankly — were just not playing good basketball. Tensions between teammates started to rise, after scoring only two baskets and one free throw in the second quarter. In the third, it seemed like the UEA Women started to relax a bit on offence after struggling with their shot selection but their tenacious defence completely made up for any lack of points being recorded. #14 subtly continued her dominance, scooping up big steals and dishing out some minty-fresh dimes, but as the quarter progressed, #5 started to make her case for game MVP — hitting some massive shots in the final minutes of the third. This incredible display of athleticism by the UEA Women’s team ripped on right into the final quarter, which saw more fantastic defence and unstoppable offence. The fifty point deficit, while understandably discouraging for the Essex team, was taken surprisingly well; the bench was laughing, smiling, cheering each

for UEA basketball other on, and just having a nice time. It was a wonderful sight to see. Great sportsmanship won that day, and so too did the UEA Women — by a whopping score of 89-38. Just twenty minutes after the women’s match, the UEA men were set and ready to lock down against their Derby Day opponents. From tip off to the final seconds of the fourth quarter, there was not a single moment where both teams failed to give it 110 percent — and the crowd were loving it. Unlike the previous game, this one was as tight as could be — with no more six points separating each side throughout the entire game. While the UEA squad worked well as a team and moved the ball around effectively, #55 was making waves in the first half — nabbing big steals, causing Essex turnovers, and generating numerous fast breaks on offence. On the other side, Essex’s three game was one that UEA just could not seem to get a grip on — with one of their players hitting three in a row from outside the arc. As UEA’s offence heavily relied on driving through the paint, dishing out for the odd mid-ranger, and getting to the line, these Essex three pointers were especially detrimental to their cause. However, it was not until the final minutes of the fourth quarter that things really started to go off. With two minutes left, after trailing for the majority of the fourth, UEA generated an incredible three-point play after a vicious drive to the basket — drawing the foul and draining the bucket. Grabbing the 61-60 lead with less then two minutes to play, the entire gymnasium was for their feet cheering on their Panthers. Victory was in reach. Essex, with under a minute remaining in the game, took the lead — but not before UEA quickly tied it up with a free throw. It was 62-62. Forty-five seconds left. UEA regain possession, with

one last opportunity to take the lead before pushing the game into overtime. After running down the clock to seven seconds, UEA make their move — once again, passing it to the big man, and driving right through the paint. While the basket failed to sink, the referee called a shooting foul against Essex — sending UEA to the line with two free throws; two chances to take the lead. Fans fell dead quiet — except for the Essex Women’s team, who made as much noise as possible in efforts to throw off our Panther at the free throw line. Unfortunately, it worked, as both attempts were unsuccessful. Essex grabbed the rebound, and started sprinting down the court — giving everything they could to make this Derby Day upset a reality. Now, as all basketball players know, missing two free throws in a row — let alone missing the two that would secure your team a two-point lead with seven seconds remaining in a nail-biting Derby Day match — is a thing of nightmares. However, when your opponent grabs the rebound, starts heading up the court, and you, with every last ounce of your being, rip the ball from his hands, bring it back the other way, and score the final game-winning basket with one second left on the clock - let’s just say it’s not an easy thing to forget. Essex quickly attempted to inbound the ball and tie the game up, but there was just no chance. The UEA bench instantly cleared — along with everyone else who was court-side — and joined up with the players in a celebratory mid-court pile-up. The crowd was going nuts. Everyone was going nuts. It was a Derby Day tale that could not have written itself. UEA took the game 64-62.

UEA 89-38 ESX UEA 64-62 ESX

Photo: Feyi Adebanjo

Sophie Bunce on the highs, lows, and throws of the cheerleading competition The balcony was full for the Derby Day Cheer Dance and Stunt competition which saw the UEA Angels triumph over the Essex Flames in both disciplines. The event began with the UEA Angels large pom showcase dance which elicited shouts and chants from the partisan crowd. The competition was then started by the Essex Flames small pom competing against the UEA Angels Derby Day large pom dance. This allowed for a specially formed larger squad than the one used for normal competition, with the group showcasing a blur of golden pom-poms during their brilliant routine. Highlights included the peformance element of the competition, which was not marked, such as the highest basket toss and longest extension showcase. The basket toss was a close call, with both the Angels and Flames performing to a high standard. However, there was a clear winner of the longest extension, which once again led to screams of triumph from the UEA crowd as they won both events. The UEA Angels Stunt Showcase team also performed with

beaming smiles during the difficult choreography. The competition was revitalised by the performance of the Essex Flames Level Two Stunt competing team who were followed by the UEA Angels Level Three stunt competing team who both competed well. The final performance was from the Essex Flames Level One stunt showcase Team and the UEA Angels Small Pom showcase dance squad. The results were called out and it was revealed that UEA had won both Cheer Dance and Cheer Stunt competitions. This was a particularly significant win as the UEA Cheer Dance team had never won a competition at Derby Day, while Cheer Stunt were without a win for a number of years. The UEA captains were keen to stress the success of this year’s team and their commitment to the competition. Both captains commended the positive atmosphere and healthy competition, given the heckling which has occurred in previous years. .

UEA 2-0 ESX


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day 2017

Welsh stars on mixed day for lacrosse Tony Allen Sports Writer On the fringe of Colney Lane, UEA’s Lacrosse players experienced a mixed day of action, with the women’s team romping home to a 17-0 victory before the men went down 7-5. For the women, a dominant display began with two goals from the first two passages of play. There was then an early time-out called by a shell-shocked Essex side, after their goalkeeper had made a good save to prevent UEA going 3-0 up in the first few minutes. Midfielder Phoebe Hartz was the catalyst for UEA’s lightening start, with near-perfect ball reception and darting runs into the Essex half. The injection of substitute Emily Stoker’s pace also did Essex no favours in the second quarter. The team’s star, however, was Allie Welsh, who netted an incredible number of goals, reaching eight by half time. Goalkeeper Georgie Sutton and the whole UEA defensive unit should be credited for remaining resolute when required and maintaining their clean sheet, despite experiencing long periods of inactivity. The experience and direction of players like forward Ceris Burgues

“the experience and direction of the players like Ceris Burgues and Charlotte Miller were integral in keeping up UEA’s intensity throughout the second half”

Danny Booty and skipper Charlotte Miller were integral in keeping up UEA’s intensity throughout the second half. And the scoring continued until the end, with a healthy crowd offering their vociferous encouragement as UEA racked up the goals. However, in a tight game, the

men were unable to make it a Lacrosse double victory after a close match against a strong Essex side. After UEA opened the scoring early, Essex bounced back with a quickfire reply, following up to lead 2-1 by the end of the first quarter.Travis Payne was in superb form for the blues,

pushing forward to lead UEA’s attack. However, an often impenetrable Essex defence managed to repel UEA’s attacking threat. Their strong, well-organised forward line outmuscled the UEA defence too often, with their quality finishing

making the hosts pay. Despite a late rally in the third quarter and sustained pressure in the fourth which yielded several second half goals including a Matt Dewhurst effort, UEA were unable to sufficiently reduce arrears as Essex remained organised. Despite their Derby Day defeat, the men have still had their most successful season in history, coming runner-up in both the BUCS league and cup competitions.

UEA 5-7 ESX UEA 17-0 ESX

UEA Takes A Stand Jessica Frank-Keyes Deputy Editor

Over the past few years university sport has garnered a negative reputation in the national media. Horror stories of initiations and discrimination have left students reluctant to participate, particularly LGBT+ students. To combat this problem, Take A Stand, UEA’s campaign against discrimination in sport, was launched in September 2016 by Joe Zilch. With the unveiling of the BUCS Take A Stand charter at UEA last week, signed by all 62 sports presidents, Concrete caught up with the SU Activities and Opportunities Officer to find out how he’s been promoting the campaign in the run-up to Derby Day. Take A Stand is a national BUCS campaign, launched three years ago by the association. Similarly to Pride Sport and Kick It Out, which were combatting homophobia and racism in football respectively, Take A Stand is an umbrella campaign which brings

together tackling LGBTphobia, racism, sexism, initiations, disability access, crowd behaviour, drug and alcohol abuse and faith and cultural appropriations: all under one catchphrass. Zilch tells me that he was advised to pick three or four key themes to focus on throughout the year, and that he chose to put UEA’s efforts predominantly into dealing with LGBT-phobia, sexism, racism and crowd behaviour. LGBT history month saw the launch of rainbow laces. Zilch said: “These are a known symbol of Pride sport, but I launched it as a symbol of the campaign as a whole. It was a really easy way for sportspeople to show their support.” Sexism was the focus for the #ThisGirlCan campaign, while improving the “huge negative perceptions” surrounding university sports teams was Zilch’s focus for Derby day. Take A Stand also saw changes being made to the equality and diversity (E&D) training given to sports clubs’ committees. The shift to peer-to-peer learning came about because E&D was perceived

as “patronising and boring” by the members, and because Zilch “wanted to create a platform for them to call out poor behaviours themselves.” He also informs me that he’s “unaware of any initiations taking place” this year, and that the union still employ a “blanket ban” on any such behaviours. The idea for the campaign began when Zilch was “on the sports executive last year and, noticed that there were some differences of opinion between the old union officers and the current sporting population.” He adds that “when I first came into the [SU] role, whenever I mentioned sport, people would roll their eyes.” He tells me students often perceive sport as associated with lad culture, being in high school, PE classes and bullying, and that these “negative perceptions” were why he had “two main reasons” for bringing Take A Stand to UEA. “I wanted to show sports clubs that they could be inclusive and that they could adopt antidiscrimination and inclusive ideals, and I wanted to show that as much as those behaviours had

been committed in the past, we’re going to draw a line and challenge those.” Zilch says that while he personally “had never experienced any” of those negative behaviours, and that: “within my sport – swimming – I’ve never faced any homophobia but I knew that wasn’t the case with everyone else… Sometimes things do go wrong, but Take A Stand is definitely more of a carrot than a stick.” But surely if homophobia wasn’t still a problem, we wouldn’t need a campaign against it? “It obviously is still out there. I think from my personal opinion; I would probably say it’s a lot more of a problem outside of universities. Mainly because universities are environments which are a lot more liberal than the outside world, I think there’s a lot less of that (liberalism) in the local clubs.” He adds: “there is a need for these campaigns, and I feel very strongly about [homophobia in sport]. I won’t be standing for it.” Since the launch of the campaign at this year’s Freshers’ Fair, Zilch says he has spoken to

every sports club and secured the support of all 62 presidents, describing their enthusiasm and creativity as “humbling,” and insisting that participation in the campaign was on a voluntary basis. “They all saw the value and wanted to be a part of it. They wanted that opportunity to show how welcoming they can be and it was amazing.” There was “no resistance to it whatsoever. There wasn’t one president, one sports club, that I got any kind of negative response from.” The success of the campaign at UEA has also been noticed by BUCS, who are featuring UEA as a case study on the Take A Stand website. Take A Stand has “no disciplinary weight behind it” and it will be up to Joe’s successor to decide whether they want to continue the campaign going forward. But as an example of implementing change within university sport: in less than one year, it’s hard to see how it could have been more effective.


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Yana Savelyeva

Yana Savelyeva

Waltzing to a win Sophie Bunce Sports Writer UEA and Essex dance teams competed in a range of disciplines for Derby Day, including Ballet, Contemporary, a Wildcard category, Jazz and Street. With 1 point per discipline there were a total of 5 points to be won in the competition. The event started with the Ballet groups competing, UEA followed by Essex, who presented confident routines to open the competition. This lead into the Intermediate Ballet Showcase by UEA, which was a smaller group of dancers, who also performed to a high standard. With the Ballet category completed, the competition moved on the emotive Contemporary performances by UEA and Essex who both embraced the floor based work which lends

itself to the discipline. To break up the competition Advanced Tap performed as a showcase group, as Essex didn’t have a tap team to compete. Their striking performance was met with claps from the audience along to the beat of their impressive routine. This was followed by the Wildcard performances, begun by UEA, who danced a to a medley of songs performing both ballroom and latin. The Essex Wildcard team performed to a K Pop song and the different styles of the dance shook up the competition as neither team know what style was going to be performed until the day. Then the UEA Jazz group took the stage to show their routine which captivated the audience with its complex lifts. This was followed by the Essex group who performed in a more classic Jazz style. UEA’s Lyrical

showcase offered a break from the competition and was a beautifully choreographed routine which showed off the flexibility of the dancers. This lead into the final category of the morning; Street Dance. Essex performed first in strong unison with a slick routine and proved a difficult act to follow for UEA. However, the UEA Street Dance team also performed to a high level and gained a lot of support from the crowd. Overall, UEA triumphed, winning the Ballet, Contemporary, Wildcard and Jazz categories which secured 4 points for the university. Whereas, Essex succeeded in winning the Street Dance section of the event gaining 1 point.

UEA 4-1 ESX

Yana Savelyeva

Venue’s Dougie Dodds finds the “surprising power” of sport Derby Day. The mystery that shrouds the highlight of UEA’s sporting calendar remains as thick as the day I first learnt about it in first year. This may be to do with my knowledge of sports starting with a vary basic understanding of the rules of badminton from my GCSE PE years, and ending with being pretty sure that if you punch someone during a football game you get told off by a man in black and white stripes. Now in my last year here at UEA I felt it was about time to get to know the elusive world of sport hands on, and maybe even enjoy myself. My first event of the day was Archery. Being not well versed in

the SportsPark layout I got lost and arrived late. Now, I may not know a lot, but I am not completely sport deprived. Disney’s Robin Hood had taught me that in archery a bullseye is good, and the closer you get the better your score is. If you miss the board that is bad, and if you shoot someone that’s even worse. I asked one of the score-keepers, Edwin Killick, to explain some of the finer details: “Archery competitions take place at a distance of twenty yards with sixty arrows shot by each archer. “Scores are calculated based on how close to the centre of the target the arrows hit, with ten points for the innermost ring and the value of each outer ring

decreasing by one.” It was a shame as Essex came away victorious, scraping a one point win for the senior archers, (2063-2064) and a 40 point win for the novices (1208-1248). After this there was a confusion with the Pool event involving me watching what I thought was the game, only to be told that the actual event was due to start in half an hour, and that what I was watching were the teams warming up. I pretended I knew this and left, making my way to Pole Fitness. Now, I assumed this was like polevaulting, or that Scottish sport where they throw telegraph poles long distances. I really should have put two and two together,

especially seeing as it was taking place in the LCR, but I blindly followed my ignorance in until it was too late. Although the sport itself is incredibly impressive, I did leave very quickly, not at all due to an overwhelming embarrassment but because I wanted to catch some of the fencing. Fencing. A sport akin to a swashbuckling, pirate-esque, sword fight, correct? Well, that’s how I imagined it at least, and although the costumes were less cool and there was no blood or parrots, it was not a disappointment. The contestants were remarkable, and although I wasn’t quite following the score keeping the atmosphere from the

UEA supporters was amazing. There were actual roars every time a successful hit was landed, and I couldn’t help getting swept up in the excitement of the competition. If, like me, you have no real interest in sport I highly recommend stepping out of your comfort zone and going to see some events, either at next years Derby Day or any other sports affair. I won’t be going to any Norwich City football games, but finding interesting, unusual sports and experiencing the feeling of being with a large group of people all supporting one team was eyeopening. It’s surprisingly powerful.


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UEA 15-5 ESX

Men’s rugby stage thrilling comeback

Charlotte Greenbury

Nick Murphy & Richard Ewart Sports Editors UEA’s Boxing Club were victorious in the sport’s return to the Derby Day schedule. With the team that won the best of three bouts being awarded the point, UEA won the first and last fight to successfully mark the first time that the sport has featured in Derby Day for several years. The first fight was relatively one-sided. The UEA boxer utilised his longer reach and superior technique to keep the opposing fighter at bay. He dominated the opening stages and while his opponent enjoyed a stronger second round, and came back to control the fight again in the third and final round. At the end of the bout, there was little doubt as to whose arm would be raised aloft to signal the winner. It was a little unexpected, however, that victory was a split decision rather than a unanimous decision as one judge awarded victory to the Essex boxer. Perhaps unsurprisingly, it was Essex’s judge who was alone in that opinion, while the UEA and impartial judge both saw UEA as the rightful winner. The second bout of the contest was over in little under 30 seconds. The Essex fighter came out all guns blazing and forced his UEA opponent into the corner before knocking him to the floor with a

superb right-hook to the jaw. The UEA fighter received a standing eight-count, but was cleared to continue by the referee after he picked himself up and stood upright on the canvas. With the fighter still reeling from the initial knockdown, the Essex man took full advantage to put his opponent on the ground for the second time just seconds later. The only difference was that this time, the UEA man was not getting up. The referee stopped the fight and Essex claimed victory by way of knockout to level the overall score at 1-1. The last man up for UEA was Billy Kensit. The 64kg fighter was drafted in at the last minute for a 69kg contest after the original fight was cancelled, which meant that the UEA southpaw was forced to step up in weights for the bout. Nevertheless, Kensit began on the front foot, sending his opponent crashing to the floor early on as both fighters traded damaging head shots. The UEA fighter then survived a late onslaught to narrowly claim the first round in front of a partisan LCR crowd. The second was a far more even affair with both fighters engaged in a pure scrap that compelled the raucous crowd. The pair were engaged in a large degree of holding as both fighters tired, with Kensit getting in one or two good shots towards the end of the round to influence the judges’ decision.

Sam Brown Sports Writer In a game that promises so much annually, the Men’s Firsts rugby did not disappoint the awaiting crowd on Derby Day. After last year’s dramatic win for the UEA squad was headlined by a hat-trick from the now graduated Kolade Awobowale, captain Dan Shepherd felt prior to the game that his players this year had what it would take to emulate the heroics of 2016. Commenting on Essex, Shepherd admitted at training during the week before Derby Day ‘in this rivalry you always expect a bit of a grudge match and for things to get a bit nasty’. Even he, though, couldn’t have predicted who the star of the show would be for UEA in 2017. The game began in an understandably cagey manner, with UEA controlling much of the possession and territory without having anything to show for it. Their worst fears were realised when an errant pass was intercepted by a prowling Essex winger, who turned on the jets on his way underneath the posts. The conversion was unsuccessful, and with the score at 5-0 UEA could feel as though the scoreboard was not an accurate representation of what was happening on the pitch. Not deterred by an unsuccessful penalty attempt earlier in the half, Fraser Harrop slotted over to cut into the Essex lead. As the half-time whistle rang out around Colney Lane with Essex leading 5-3, the

prompt in the UEA huddle must have been for a team-defining 40 minutes of rugby, consisting of tight defence, flashy offense, and as much effort as could be summoned from tired legs. Continuing their stranglehold on possession and territory in the second half, UEA were looking for someone to step up and be clinical with the game on the line. Enter, Josh Webb. Loosehead props might be known more for their fierce scrummaging and work in and around the ruck, but Webb startled Essex from a quick tap penalty deep inside their own 22, hauling himself over the try-line to put UEA on top 8-5. With the match now in limbo, Essex started to play their best rugby of the day. Stellar UEA defensive play kept them at bay however, and as UEA were once again camped on the Essex 22 metre line, Webb broke through the line and rumbled home for his second try, taking the score to 15-5. The packed embankment got behind their team as UEA played out the remaining time with the kind of joyous enthusiasm that can only come from departing students, and they sealed a memorable win. After the referee called full time, an ecstatic Shepherd remarked that ‘he couldn’t ask for anything more from the boys’, and Webb (at this point with fag in mouth, as a glorious tribute to the heart and soul of university sport) said ‘the space was just there, they couldn’t tackle up-front and I went over the line’. If the spirit of Derby Day could be condensed into just one match, Men’s Firsts Rugby Union would have to be it.

UEA deliver knockout blow UEA 2-1 ESX

John Phillips The final round was fought on pure adrenaline, with both fighters visibly drained from an exhausting sporting contest. Very few punches landed on their intended target, but again Kensit whipped the crowd into a

frenzy with an admirable display of guts, strength and raw nerve to eventually claim the fight on a split points decision. It meant that UEA won the contest 2-1 across the three fights, although the real winner was the

success of the sport itself which attracted a huge audience to the din of the LCR which provided an ample backdrop, as UEA geared up for a night of partying following yet another resounding Derby Day success.

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