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13th June 2017 Issue 339

The official student newspaper of the University of East Anglia | concrete-online.co.uk

UEA reacts as country uncertain Emily Hawkins and Matt Nixon Editor-in-Chief and News Editor The early hours of Friday morning saw UEA’s bars filled to the brim with slightly inebriated, slightly anxious students who were awaiting the results of this year’s general election. At 10:00pm on Thursday night, the exit polls were accurately predicting that there would be a hung parliament in Westminster. There was a palpable tension across campus, with some students fearing a Conservative led coalition, or the possibility of a minority government. The majority of UEA students were hopeful that the progressive

parties would outperform the predictions of the exit poll, whilst a few others were in support of the Conservatives. Speaking to Concrete just after midnight, English Literature first year Ella DormanGajic said: “My standard thing to say would be that obviously a hung parliament is a good thing. “The result of the exit poll does excite me. Whatever happens I think this [election] will have a positive impact on the left-wing agenda.” In a not-entirely-reliable poll from the UEA Red Bar, UEA Politics Society President Nick Stokes found that approximately 49 percent of UEA students voted Labour, another 33 percent Conservative, and 13 percent voted for smaller parties, including the Pirate Party who cam-

paigned in Norwich North against the incumbent Conservative Chloe Smith. First year History student Robert Symonds voted Conservative. He told Concrete: “The hung parliament is a massive disappointment. The coalition with the DUP has led me to be officially opposed to the current UK government now. “[The hung parliament] resulted from complacency from May and an exceptional campaign from Corbyn. I voted Tory as from a family who runs a small business it would be an economic impossibility to raise the minimum wage to 10 pounds an hour and may run the risk of reducing staff.” Outgoing president of the National Union of Students (NUS) Ma-

lia Bouattia has suggested that as many as 72 percent of 18-24 year olds voted in this general election. Market research company Ipsos MORI have stated that it takes a week or so to produce accurate figures on voter turnout, but overall voter turnout is as high as 68.7 percent. This is the highest voter turnout for an election since 1997. The NUS have since officially commented on the election result. Noting the rise in turnout for 18-25 year olds since 2015, President Malia Bouattia said: “NUS and students’ unions have worked tirelessly to get the vote out amongst students and young people. “Students want to see progressive and fair policies that will have a very real and positive impact on all

our futures.” Bouattia also suggested that “under the last 7 years of Conservative rule, further and higher education funding has radically reduced and student debt now follows us into mid-life.” It is thought that the 18-25 youth vote played a significant role in securing Clive Lewis's Norwich South seat for Labour. Following the annoucement Mr Lewis thanked Green and Liberal Democrat voters in his speech. SU Campaigns and Democracy Officer Amy Rust described the election as “extraordinary from the moment it was called in April to Continued on page 4


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13th June 2017

EDITORIAL Editing in the UEA bubble Sophie Bunce Deputy Editor

The University of East Anglia’s Official Student newspaper since 1992 Tuesday 13th June 2017 Issue 339 Union House University of East Anglia Norwich NR4 7TJ 01603 593466

Photo: Dan Sallis

Things can only get better... There's been a general election and UEA has a lot to say about it Emily Hawkins Editor-in-Chief What a week. It seems like only yesterday Concrete sent its 25th anniversary issue to print, when a general election had just been announced. It’s safe to say that things didn’t quite turn out how we expected (to the joy of many students, admittedly myself included.) In the wake of the election results, Concrete has covered the fall-out, aftermath and drama. Whilst I got hopelessly lost in a village in the middle of nowhere trying to find the location of the constituency count I was supposed to be working at, a gaggle of writers got ready in Red Bar to report on the various recounts, revelations and resignations. UEA’s Media Collective excelled in their coverage of the night, with twelve hours of blogging and broadcasting. You can read more about the operation on page 3, where new Deputy Editor Sophie Bunce asked our friends at Livewire 1350 and UEA:TV how they felt reporting the night. You can also read Norman Lamb’s comments about the UEA forecasts predictions, following his win of the North Norfolk constituency by a landslide. Turn to Comment to see an array of student political perspectives, some from intoxicated students post-exit poll, and some written by bleary eyed student journalists the morning after. After a horrific series of terror attacks at Westminster, Manchester Arena and London Bridge, Hannah Brown also reminds us to not let fear and hate overcome us.

If you're sick of hearing about the general election a la Katie Price, then we have you covered too.

"Whilst I got hopelessly lost in a village in the middle of nowhere trying to find the location of the constituency count I was supposed to be working at, a gaggle of writers got ready in Red Bar to report on the various recounts, revelations and resignations" On page 9 you can read about the architect behind UEA's brutalist buildings, Denys Lasdun, and an expose on campuses favourite creatures, second only to Cloud Dog, the UEA rabbits. On page 5, Hattie Griffiths reports on UEA’s shortterm solution to an overflowing

As Concrete’s new Deputy Editor, I can think of no better induction than a general election. There was no easing into the job, simply get on with it fresher - which is just perfect for me. Eight hours live blogging, talking politics and listening to students cheer at a glimpse of Corbyn made me realise something; students love a debate. Whether Tory, Labour or Green everyone wanted to talk politics on Thursday 8 June and they haven’t stopped since. Those camped out in the bar until morning saw the election result as a win for Labour despite the Conservative party securing more seats. There was talk that the threat of Labour is growing, but were their cheers premature? That’s why my pick from this issue is Jack Ashton’s Comment article “Why are Labour celebrating?” on page 13; helooks at whether the result was actually a triumph for the party. Regardless, seeing the rise of the left brought out the best in UEA. People haven't been this happy since Pimp My Barrow. Another reason to cheer is our new Finance page. In the beautiful colour of your childhood piggy bank, Jodie Bailey discusses the necessary evil of zero hour contracts for students when “zeroing in on zero hours" on page 14. The topic of zero hour contracts cause a divide in opinion across campus. I’m not a fan, but if you shout about it you’ll find students who are. Whether for flexibility or freedom they offer what fixed hours can’t. Students, at least those at UEA, seem to prefer it over strong and stable anyday. As I prepare to head home for the summer, I have never felt like more of student. At least the kind of student my mother means when she says it; political, passionate and in a complete bubble.

library, and talks you through the additional revision space constructed in the Arts corridor. Or, if you’re desperately dreaming of being anywhere other than stuck in the library in front of a textbook or laptop, Travel writer Daniel Cook explains some of the weird and wonderful festivals across the globe on page 17 - they’re nothing like Reading. Travel Editor Beverly Devikashen also writes about Sweden's new policy to open up the countryside for visitors. The sharp-eyed among you will notice that Norwich’s best arts and culture supplement Venue didn’t fall out of this issue as you opened it, but don’t worry - you can find all the usual reviews and write-ups on our website. Venue will be back in print in September, as will Concrete: don’t forget to keep checking our website for the latest stories about campus. Thank you to all the writers, photographers, copy editors, and of course, section editors, for your hard work in putting together this issue. There’s no doubt that my concrete-online.co.uk predecessors have left big shoes to fill, but I’m looking forward to a year of hours and hours of Indesign, long nights in the office, and, of course, ConcreteUEA dropping a degree grade. (Yes, really.) If that description makes you envious, Concrete are still looking for people to fill some editorial concreteuea positions - head over to our website if you’re interested in joining the team. I’ve heard that we’re one of the best student publications in the concrete_UEA country, and I’m so excited to see what the next year brings. See you next year, UEA. You’re wonderful, Cover: Square, Matt Nixon. but god am I exhausted. Media Collective logo: Thomas Rees

www.concrete-online.co.uk Editor-in-Chief Emily Hawkins concrete.editor@uea.ac.uk Deputy Editor Sophie Bunce concrete.deputy@uea.ac.uk Online Editor TBC concrete.online@uea.ac.uk News News Editor: Senior Reporter: Amanda Ng concrete.news@uea.ac.uk concrete.seniornews@uea.ac.uk Global Eddie Booth concrete.global@uea.ac.uk Features Hattie Griffiths Tony Allen concrete.features@uea.ac.uk Comment Jack Ashton concrete.comment@uea.ac.uk Finance Jodie Bailey concrete.finance@uea.ac.uk Science Beth Papworth concrete.science@uea.ac.uk Travel Beverley Devakishen concrete.seniortravel@uea.ac.uk Sport Sophie Christian concrete.sport@uea.ac.uk Chief Copy-Editors Hannah Brown Sophie Clayton concrete.copy@uea.ac.uk Marketing Director Amelia Rentell concrete.marketing@uea.ac.uk Social Media Coordinator TBC concrete.socialmedia@uea.ac.uk Events Manager TBC Events Assistant: Grace Fothergill concrete.events@uea.ac.uk

Editorial Enquiries Complaints & Corrections concrete.editor@uea.ac.uk

No part of this newspaper may be reproduced by any means without the permission of the Editor-in-Chief, Emily Hawkins. Published by the Union of UEA Students on behalf of Concrete. Concrete is a UUEAS society, but retains editorial independence as regards to any content. Opinions expressed herein are those of individual writers, not of Concrete or its


NEWS

13th June 2017

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UEA's Media Collective covers election

Concrete's reporters liveblogged the election results: here are our highlights 22:00: The exit poll is in, forecasting a hung parliament. This is the most accurate indicator we have yet as it asks respondents for their actual votes. 22:31: Global markets have reacted to the exit poll result, with the pound falling against the Euro the Dollar. 22:36: The BBC are reporting Norwich South will remain Labour, according to the exit poll. 23:02: Shockingly, Newcastle are the first constituency to declare their results - beating Sunderland! Labour win with a majority of nearly 15,000.

Photo: Matt Nixon

Sophie Bunce Deputy Editor

The general election was covered by UEA’s Media Collective, comprimsed of Concrete, UEA:TV and Livewire 1350. The societies gathered at nine pm in the office, ready to cover whatever the next twelve hours had to throw at them. All members had their positions assigned, shifts on the spreadsheet and nervously awaited the ten pm exit poll announcement. The SU bar was packed from ten pm with students cheering every time Corbyn appeared on the BBC. There was a similar amount of noise when the exit poll predicted a hung parliament and the screen was obscured by someone opening

the TV guide, but it wasn’t exactly cheering that time. I spent the night tapping away on my keyboard in the Red Bar updating the live blog. Between the blog and Twitter updates Concrete’s coverage reached the tens of thousands in views. Both were updated between ten pm to five am with the highs and lows of the night, from Clive Lewis winning the Norfolk South seat for Labour to Lord Buckethead standing proudly beside Theresa May. Livewire’s Tom Cooke, who interviewed students throughout the night, thought the Media Collective’s coverage of the election was a massive success. He said people had approached him and praised “the Media Collective and their efforts.” A particular success of

the night was the projector showing the seats won across the UK which was projected onto the square and was “a huge hit.” He added: “Everything went smoothly enough, thanks to Tom Rees' [Livewire Online] masterminding, and the presenters of both radio and TV were fantastic, professional and informed - due to the efforts of the larger collectives research teams” who worked together to cover the night. UEA:TV’s William Shears said: “It was really great fun, an awesome experience” and was pleased by one of the UEA:TV video's reaching “13,000 views” since being released on election night. Videos such as ‘Would you spoon Jeremy Corbyn?’ and a party leaders themed ‘snog, marry, avoid’ were released late

into the night and the early hours of Friday morning reflecting UEA students reactions. If you asked me at 4am on election night what I thought of the Media Collective, I wouldn’t have been able to form a sentence. Six hours into live blogging and my expert quips on our unravelling political system had begun to falter. The bar was emptying but the Media Collective were still working Video’s were edited at 5am, shows put on throughout the night and live bloggers waited eagerly for Amber Rudd’s seat announcement even though it came three hours later than predicted. As the the sun rose in the early hours of morning, there was only one word to describe the Media Collective: dedicated.

Norman Lamb the Liberal Democrat MP for North Norfolk told Concrete he felt UEA’s general election forecast was “irresponsible” and misled voters, following his victory on Friday morning. Three weeks before the election, the forecast gave the Conservatives a 100 percent probability of gaining the North Norfolk constituency from Mr Lamb. The forecast was regularly updated by Dr Chris Hanretty and on the morning of the election had reduced the Conservative probability of winning North Norfolk to 84 percent. Mr Lamb said he was “thrilled that we have confounded what was reported” but said he felt the way UEA’s forecast was “allowed” to be reported “was very misleading.” In the weeks before 8 June, local media reported that there was a high chance of all Norfolk seats turning blue, though ultimately none of the seats in the county changed hands.

Mr Lamb said: “To me to be able to report from a study like that, giving a nil percent chance of me winning this seat, I think demonstrates a flaw. I would love to meet with him [Dr Chris Hanretty] at some point because I think it was irresponsible actually, because it gives people a misleading impression of what is likely to happen in an election. "I think academics have a responsibility to be more responsible than that." Mr Lamb added: "I haven’t read the whole study so may well be that there is some assertion that it’s more complex than has been reported.” The forecast gave the Conservatives a 74 percent probability of taking Norwich South a few weeks before the election yet on polling day gave Labour incumbent Clive Lewis an 84 percent chance of holding his seat. Speaking to Concrete on Friday 9 June, Dr Chris Hanretty explained: “If I've given different forecasts at different points in time, it's because of different information available to me.” He added: “The forecast

00:39: Nuneaton stays blue, but with a significant gain for Labour who are up 6 percent in the bellwether. A 'bellwether' is a seat which typically reflects the choice of the country. 00:52: Hello my Darling(ton)Labour hold with Jenny Chapman. 01:11: It's a (S)win(don) for Labour in Wiltshire. Robert Buckland has taken Swindon South with the best part of 25,000 votes. This was expected to be a close seat. 01:52: Nine seats have gone from Conservatives to Labour, says the swingometer.

UEA forecast under scrutiny Emily Hawkins Editor-in-Chief

23:41: Political commentator Peter Kellner suggests that if the exit poll is as innacurate nationally as it was in Sunderland, the Tories could be on for a majority of 80 to 100.

02:14: Cheers for Corbyn in the bar. As the hours pass, they're only getting louder. 02:37: DUP are holding their seats in Northern Ireland, which could be a possibility for a coalition with the Conservatives. 02:40: Tim Farron is recounting his seat in Westmorland and Lonsdale. He's the one running against a fish finger. Believe it or not, that is not fake news. 03:58: Sky News update their forecast to a hung parliament with between 315 - 325. The students who are still drinking haven't noticed. Norman Lamb at the North Norfolk count. Photo: Emily Hawkins which was picked up by the Eastern Daily Press (EDP) was a forecast made at the height of Conservative popularity. The forecast made last morning gave Norman Lamb a 16 percent chance of holding on.” Dr Hanretty said: “I congratulate Norman Lamb on his victory”. He

added that he thought Mr Lamb “should feel particularly pleased and proud since - at least on my forecast - it was achieved against the odds.” Norman Lamb won 25,260 votes, and increased his majority from the 19,299 votes he recieved in 2015.

04:05: Its getting to the point in the night where Conservatives are starting to overtake Labour- and my level of tiredness is starting to overtake my excitement for this election. Posts by Sophie Bunce, Tony Allen, Hannah Jarman, with thanks to Caitlin Doherty and James Chesson


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News News in Brief: UEA-Birmingham Megabus launched UEA students returning home or visiting the Midlands now have a new transport option to consider. Last month the budget coach operator Megabus announced that it would begin a service from Norwich Bus Station to Birmingham Hill Street. The service will run from Friday to Sunday and even on bank holidays, with stops at UEA, Cambridge, and Coventry. The service leaves the Megabus stop on University Drive at 12:35am on Fridays and Sundays, 9:10am on Saturdays, and makes a return journey in the afternoon. The journey will take 70 minutes to reach its first stop outside Jesus College, Cambridge, three hours to reach Coventry, and just under four to reach Birmingham.

The Norwich to Birmingham route, which ceased to run two years ago and includes Coventry for the first time, and is the only direct service from UEA to Coventry or Birmingham. It is the result of a collaboration between Megabus owners Stagecoach and local coach operators Freestones. Recently Megabus introduced a new stop at Stratford on its Norwich-London service. Tony Allen. Photo: Matt Nixon.

13th June 2017

Etisalat winner awarded UEA fellowship Amanda Ng Senior News Reporter The winner of the Etisalat Prize for Literary excellence, Jowhor Ile, will be undertaking a fellowship with UEA’s school of Literature, Drama and Creative Writing (LDC). His 256-page novel, 'And After Many Days', was declared the winner out of three shortlisted novels on May 20 last month, during the award presentation ceremony. The winning novel was selected by a three-member Judging Panel chaired by award-winning novelist and poet, Helon Habila. She believed his book, “met the required standards of originality, creative excellence and African sensibility, in keeping with the objective of the Etisalat Prize.”

"The prize was created to support new and upcoming novelists of Nigerian and other African origins" Established by Etisalat, the international telecommunications company in 2013, the prize was created to support new and upcoming novelists of Nigerian and other African origins who wish to develop their English and to help promote the African publishing industry. In four months, the winner will be given the chance to learn from the Creative Writing community at UEA. Chief Executive Officer of

Photo: Yutian Lei Etisalat Nigeria, Matthew Willsher said, “Our vision at Etisalat has been to support innovation, creativity and talent development.” He added: “We have stayed focused on providing platforms that enable people, not only communicate and stay in touch with one another, but also to express their individual creative abilities.” The fellowship includes a generous £15,000 awarded to the recipient. In addition to the 1000 copies of all the shortlisted books that will be purchased and

donated to charities in Africa, the three finalists will be sponsored by Etisalat to tour around three chosen African cities. Etisalat have announced that various schools, book clubs and libraries across the African continent will receive these books. 'And After Many Days' tells a story of a family in 1995 living in the oil-rich Niger-Delta region of Port Harcourt, whose loss of a son splits them apart. Some of Ile’s short stories have been published in McSweeney’s Quarterly and Litro

UEA academic says parties neglected identity-based violence Ananya Wilson-Bhattacharya News Reporter A human rights expert at UEA has suggested that identity-based violence was a major issue that was neglected in the general election manifestos of all major political parties. Dr Kate Ferguson, a researcher from the school of History is the author of a recently published report which focused on the pledges of various UK political parties in relation to identity-based violence.

"Until this challenge can be viewed holistically, certain victim groups will fall through the gaps" The report found that the Liberal Democrats were the only party to explictly acknowledge the government’s responsibility to protect particular populations from various forms of violence such as genocide or ethnic cleansing. Dr Ferguson suggested that all

other major parties, excluding UKIP, highlighted the UK government’s obligation to support the combatting of these forms of violence abroad as well as in the UK. According to the report, several major parties recognised the importance of the halt of arms sales to regimes which perpetuate these kinds of violence. Since 2010 Britain has sold arms to 22 of the 30 countries on the UK government’s own human rights watch list. Dr Ferguson stressed the importance of protecting populations abroad from increased

levels of identity-based violence, emphasising the UK government has a responsibility towards marginalised groups in other countries. She said “Until this challenge can be viewed holistically, certain victim groups will fall through the gaps.” The report also concluded that many of the commitments made in manifestos were only made in response to pressure from civil society, and do not indicate a wider commitment to protecting all victims of identity-based violence. Discussing the findings, Dr

Ferguson said “We would have liked to see more commitment to the sense of responsibility to protect all populations – whether here in the UK or overseas – from identitybased violence." Nonetheless, Dr Ferguson was "pleased to see a commitment to social cohesion and the protection of vulnerable groups acrosss the party manifestos." She said "It is absolutely critical that the next UK government put this rhetoric into practice to promote a more unified Theodore Antoniou-Phillips society."

Photo: secretlondon123, Flickr

Magazine. Mr Ile will take on the fellowship mentored by author of 'The Last King of Scotland' Professor Giles Foden. Past winners of the Etisalat Prize for Literature include Democratic Republic of Congo’s Fiston Mwanza Mujila for his novel 'Tram 83', South African writer Songeziwe Mahlangu for his novel 'Penumbra', and Zimbabwean writer NoViolet Bulawayo for her novel 'We Need New Names'.

Continued from front page the results we saw come in” Friday morning. In a statement for the SU website, Miss Rust said that whilst there were “so many unknowns to be answered” she felt confident in saying that UEA students “have made their voices heard here in Norwich and across the UK.” “The more young people who vote, the more that politicians have to listen to us. We know from talking to students that we have a number of issues which we would like to see our new MPs focus on from mental healthcare to the way immigration is viewed in this country, we’ll be working to ensure those issues are front and centre in the coming weeks. As an SU with strong ideals based on collectivism and tolerance we hope that we can work with our local politicians towards embracing these values in whatever shape the Government of the UK takes over the coming days and ensure that the voice of young people is at the forefront of MPs minds. Miss Rust added, “I want to take a moment to simply say thank you” and described speaking to hundreds of students in the run up to polling day who “stayed true” to their word and “turned up” to vote on 8 June.


13th June 2017

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Pop-up revision space in Arts University create "short-term solution" as library fills up for exams Hattie Griffiths News Reporter In consultation with the Students’ Union, the university has created a ‘pop-up’ revision space for students to use throughout this exam season on floor 01 of the Arts building. The area will be available for students to use until Friday 16 June. In a blog post and supplementary video shared to Facebook, undergraduate education officer Theo Antoniou-Phillips announced that the provisional work area has “both silent study and group study spaces available, as well as kitchen facilities and a chill-out zone for those moments where you need a break from studying.”

"Given the space pressures that the university is facing, anything is better than nothing" The temporary workspace serves as an alternative to the Library which will be undergoing renovations this summer to deal with cramped conditions. The work is expected to create up to 200 new places for students to work on floors 01 and 02, with the intention of a bigger expansion taking place in the future. Prior to 22 May, the ‘popup’ revision spaces were used as bookable seminar rooms. The modification comes after over six thousand students claimed that the lack of library space was a top concern in the SU’s academic

Photo: Matt Nixon performance survey last November. Speaking to Concrete, Theo Antoniou-Phillips said, “In an ideal world we wouldn’t need pop up spaces like this, but given the space pressures that the University is facing, anything is better than nothing. “We’ve worked hard to lobby the uni this year for short-term solutions like this but also medium

and long term solutions like the changes due in the Library by September.” Reactions to the space have largely been positive. A first year Literature and History student described the space as a “great idea” and told Concrete: “It can only be a good thing if it’s advertised properly and students actually use it.”

Another third year Literature student said that the space is “a bit slap dash, but a good temporary measure.” Noting the increase in students next year, Theo Antoniou Phillips said “it will be crucial for my successor Mary Leishman to keep up the pressure to make sure students have a viable, productive and comfortable place to study.”

News COMMENT Shannon McDonagh says more needs to be done to combat space pressures The work that Undergraduate Officer Theo Antoniou-Phillips has done this year to ensure that the students of UEA are provided with adequate study spaces has been a testament to what can be achieved with an effective SU representative. In November of last year, Antoniou-Phillips pushed for an academic poll which found that 40.94 percent of 6170 students voted library expansion as their primary issue of interest, leading to the upcoming expansion of 200 new study spaces over the summer and the current pop-up space in the Arts building. However, these are only partial solutions considering that the coming academic year is expected to bring 1000 more students than last year’s intake. This is a questionable move, bearing in mind that the university has already conceded that it recruited more students than expected this past year. Think of the strain the campus’ food, drink, leisure and, indeed, learning facilities, such as the library are under during their peak times. Increasing the intake of students year upon year without investing in the essential resources needed to maintain standards will prove to be detrimental to the student experience UEA prides itself on. There is only so much SU lobbying can do. UEA is certainly heading in the right direction in expanding our study spaces but a lot more needs to be done directly in proportion with the rising student population.

Study says debt deters poorer students from university Police charge man with series Jack Lejk News Reporter A study has shown that students from lower income families are more likely to be discouraged from going to university due to higher tuition fee debt levels. Researchers from the UCL Institute of Education surveyed potential university applicants in 2015 and compared their results to another survey taken in 2002, when tuition fees were around £1,100 per year. The study found that in 2002 students from poorer backgrounds were more likely to be resistant to debt than those from wealthier families. The difference between the two groups’ views has increased during the 13 years between each survey. Those surveyed from the ‘squeezed’ middle class are also more concerned about debt, suggesting attitudes to debt across all income groups have changed. In 2015 74%

of 17 to 21 year olds agreed with the statement “borrowing money to pay for a university education is a good investment”, compared to only 52 percent in 2002. However, roughly a third of the participants still strongly agree with the statement “I would worry a lot if I ever got into debt.”

74

percent of young people said university loans were a "good investment" in 2015.

Despite the rise in tuition fees, the study found that university applications across the income spectrum have continued to rise over the 13 year period. However, one of the researchers noted that there are still significant differences in application levels depending on young people's backgrounds. Claire Callender, a Professor of Higher Education Studies at UCL said that, "Working-class young people are far more likely than

students from other social classes to avoid applying to university because of debt fears." This difference is often put down to exam results in schools, where wealthier pupils are more likely to obtain the results needed to get in to university. Prof Callender says that this perspective “disguises a more complex picture”, and does not consider the fact that poorer students with the same exam results are less likely to go to university than their wealthier peers. A spokeswoman for Universities UK said “It is important to remember that it is high-earning graduates who benefit the most from a policy of no fees – under tuition fees they would repay their entire student loans.” They added: "Removing fees benefits those who go on to earn the most, while having little or no impact on lower earners," whilst noting that, "those from disadvantaged backgrounds were more likely to enter university than ever before."

of sex offences around UEA Emily Hawkins Editor-in-Chief

Dean Eastwood, of Ladbrooke Close in Diss, is accused of two counts of sexual touching and one count of outraging public decency. The charges relate to the following incidents: - On Friday 26 May 2017 at around 9.30pm - in an alleyway off Primula Drive where a woman was allegedly approached and touched inappropriately. - On Saturday 27 May between 12.45am and 1.15am – a woman travelling on the top deck of a bus to the UEA, alleges a man indecently exposing himself to her. - On Saturday 27 May at about 8.30am – a woman travelling on a bus to UEA was approached by a man who allegedly engaged in conversation with her and after getting off at the same stop, touched her inappropriately.

Eastwood was remanded in custody and appeared at Norwich Magistrates Court on Wednesday 31 May where he was further remanded in custody to appear before Norwich Crown Court on Wednesday 28 June 2017.

"Anyone with information in relation to these incidents is asked to contact PC Charlotte Stone on 101" Anyone with information in relation to these incidents is asked to contact PC Charlotte Stone from Earlham Police Station on 101 or call Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111. Photo: Pixabay


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GLOBAL

13th June 2017

EU’s Anglo dependency over says Merkel Eddie Booth Global Editor German Chancellor Angela Merkel caused concern across Europe when she called into question the reliability of the UK and the USA as allies for the EU. The election of President Trump and the Brexit vote across the channel has led to calls for further EU integration and mutual defence, as the USA and UK relations with the bloc have become strained. Indeed, this attack by Merkel at a conference speech to her domestic coalition partner, suggests that popular opinion in European nations is turning away from their traditional Anglosphere allies.

“Opinion is turning European nations away from their traditional Anglosphere alies” As Trump questions the legitimacy of NATO, and the future of British cooperation with Europe is under literal renegotiation, Merkel stated: “Of course we need to have friendly relations with the US, and with the UK,” before going on to clarify that: “The times in which we can fully count on others are somewhat over, as I have experienced in

Photo: Wikimedia,Tobias Kleinschmidt the past few days.” She refers here to the G7 meeting, in which the world’s preeminent powers met to discuss the international issues of the day. Merkel’s strong and brazen rhetoric has led to suggestions that the days of American world leadership are drawing to a close under the Trump administration, and that the UK, ever the ally of their cousin across the Atlantic, are happy to follow. Whether this proves to be a defining moment in Western relations, or little more than political postur-

ing within an increasingly populist Germany, remains to be seen. That being said, Merkel’s call for Germany to “fight for our own future ourselves, for our destiny as Europeans,” will leave the USA and the UK in little doubt that they have been put on notice. The debate over the USA’s role in the defence of Europe and their allies is part of a wider readjustment. If Trump shows intention to change the role of the USA, who, until his presidency, acted as the policeman of the world, the realations between countries will inevitably change.

Following this development, Germany and its allies in Europe will start looking elsewhere for security. As for the UK, with Article 50 negotiations just days away, the question of security will weigh heavy on the mind of whomever ends up in Number 10. For a nation caught between a potentially hostile EU and a USA under the control of an increasingly unpredictable President, Merkel’s words will highlight how swiftly the new Government must decide where their loyalties lie.

Judith Howe Judith Howe reports on Fine Gael’s new leader The Irish liberal-conservative Fine Gael party has announced that the successor to outgoing Taoiseach Enda Kenny, who stepped down in May having served as party leader since 2002 and Premier since 2011, will be Leo Varadkar. Mr Varadkar has become a symbol for many of the changing faces of Ireland, in a shift away from traditional politics of a Roman Catholic country, as the son of an Indian immigrant and openly gay since 2015. Homosexuality was illegal in Ireland until 1993, part of a legacy which many see Varadkar as challenging. Despite coming to embody this liberalising of social acceptance in Ireland, Varadkar is politically conservative, and his policy on abortion reflects this. However, it is impossible to refute that his appointment contains huge symbolic meaning. His appointment must be endorsed by the independent members of the minority coalition government, but this is seen as a formality and he is essentially the incoming Taoiseach. In the radio interview in 2015, when he came out, Varadkar said: “It’s not something that defines me. I’m not a half-Indian politician, or a doctor politician, or a gay politician, for that matter. It’s just part of who I am. It doesn’t define me. It is part of my character, I suppose.” The focus has been on these aspects of him. In the future it will be on the leadership he provides.

Trump pulls USA out of Paris accord Nick Stokes Global Writer On 1 June, Donald Trump announced that the United States would be pulling out of the Paris Climate accord. Developed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the accord is backed by all in the framework apart from Syria, Nicaragua, and now the US. The news sparked widespread concern in the international community as the United States is the second largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world.

“The news sparked widespread concern in the international community” Further cause for concern came when the White House refused to say whether or not the President believed that human activity had contributed to climate change.

President Trump has rushed to defend his actions. As has come to be expected under the current administration, he retweeted a number of supportive statements from political allies in the Republican party and media. White House Chief of Staff summed up the defence - that leaving the agreement will be to seek a better deal for the American workers and the economy. They will re-enter if this condition is met. The scientific community also reacted with concern. Susanne Dröge, the climate-policy researcher at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin said the move was “bad news for the international climate process.” Her sentiment was reflected by the former administrator of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Jane Lubchenco, blaming Trump for having a “blatant disregard for the wishes of most Americans and business leaders.” It’s not all doom and gloom however. The American public and political establishment have hit back at the announcement. Former mayor of New York, Michael Bloomberg is leading a resistance campaign,

made up of three states, a number of cities and 80 university presidents, who vow to uphold the Paris climate agreement. Bloomberg’s charity - Bloomberg Philanthropies - is also donating $15 million over the next two years to the UNFCCC. Trump argued that he “represents the citizens of Pittsburgh n o t Paris”; a clear shot at the new leader of France, Emmanuel Macron, amid rumours of icy relations following their meeting on the President’s first global trip. The mayor of Pittsburgh distanced himself and his electorate from the com-

ments in a statement, and issued an executive order on Friday pledging to continue following the Paris accords. Many wonder what the implications are for not only the United States, but also for European and Asian n a tions. Seve r a l commentators h a v e remarked that

this signals the end of US hegemony, and there will most likely be a rush across Europe and Asia to become the new leader in Research and development for green initiatives. It is undoubtedly another opportunity for China to capitalise on the new American administration’s further decline from international leadership. President Xi Jinping has already given speeches earlier this year in a step to become the centre of free trade in the orld. It is a sign of closer ties between Europe and Asia, and another shift from the United States being the leader of the Liberal World Order. Photo: Flickr, Gage Skidmore


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13th June 2017

Crisis in the Gulf as allies isolate Qatar Ollie Ryan Tucker Global Writer Several Arab and Middle Eastern states have severed ties with Qatar, sparking a major crisis. On Monday, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and Bahrain withdrew their ambassadors and launched an economic blockade which caused food shortage scares in the Qatari capital, Doha. The move is a reaction to two issues. The first is alleged Qatari funding of terrorism. Qatar has a history of funding regional Islamist groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood, a designated terrorist group in many Middle Eastern states especially Saudi Arabia and Egypt.

“Quatar has a history of funding regional Islamist groups” The claim that Qatar supports terrorist groups is largely true: it has been a main backer of hardline Islamist groups in Syria, and the Afghan Taliban have an office in Doha. Yet Saudi Arabia too is heavily involved in funding Syrian rebels which points to another cause. The second, and more impor-

wtant, is Qatari relations with Iran. Recent alleged comments by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, emir of Qatar, expressing sympathy for Iran have angered members of an anti-Iranian Sunni power bloc in the Middle East, led by Saudi Arabia and backed by the United States. Qatar has found itself unable to pursue an independently minded foreign policy, with pressure from the Gulf Cooperation Council coun-

tries, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman to fall in line. The Qatari News Agency claimed that it was hacked and the comments did not come from the Emir, which an FBI investigation has corroborated. There are signs, however that this is part of something larger, with a sophisticated anti-Qatar social media campaign on Twitter in the

days leading up to the crisis. The US waded into the dispute, with Donald Trump tweeting that it was his Riyadh visit “paying off” with “all reference [with regards to terror funding] pointing to Qatar.” He suggested that, “perhaps this will be the beginning of the end to the horror of terrorism.” His comments caused consternation in the Pentagon and amongst US defence officials, with Qatar

hosting 25% of all US soldiers in the Middle East and being a major military ally and supporter. In Qatar the effects have been felt already. Panic-buying left supermarkets with major shortages, flights are being diverted to avoid newly prohibited airspace, and there is concern over food security, with the country being heavily reliant on imports. Photo credit: Wikimedia, Axelspace.

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13th June 2017

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Features

Fab or fad? Tony Allen looks at clean eating Tony Allen Features Editor Clean eating is a trend that has gained traction in recent years. The idea is that food should be enjoyed in its most natural state possible, free from processing or added extras. Celebrity devotees include the likes of Gwyneth Paltrow and Jessica Alba and the diet-cum-lifestyle has gained popularity on social media. While the rejection of processed foods in favour of wholesome, hearty alternatives of course has its health benefits, some have dismissed it as a ‘fad’ and pointed out that the near-religious cult of the diet among a small number of followers could in fact lead to people neglecting to give themselves a balanced, nutritious diet as they focus too much on where their food comes from rather than what food groups they are putting on their plate. Although it is nowhere within the unwritten definition of clean eating, some prominent clean eating individuals have been accused of encouraging their followers to cut out major parts

“The idea is that food should be enjoyed in its most natural state possible” of their diet like dairy or gluten without suggesting alternatives. There is also a perception that clean eating is more about getting thin than it is about being kind to your body. You eat cleanly to be healthy, ergo, in the minds of some, they eat cleanly to be thin rather than well nourished. Clean eating, it seems, has become a dirty term. Influential food bloggers and writers like Deliciously Ella, Jasmine and Melissa Hemsley, and Ruby Tandoh have been rejecting the term in their droves, calling it vague and confusing. In a column for The Guardian, Ms Tandoh, who is an author and

Photo: Allen Sheffield, Flickr took part in the 2013 series of the Great British Bake Off, wrote: “With the wellness movement coming under fire, it is no surprise that the big names in clean eating are beginning to worry. Across dozens of perfectly glowing, smooth-skinned brows, a glimmer of sweat is beginning to prickle: it’s time to rebrand, or duck out.” She continued, describing the “many toxic layers to the wellness phenomenon” and calling clean eating “a fad diet”. Mills and the Hemsleys concur, and have distanced themselves from the description. And health food, of course, comes at a price. However, there are things we can do as students to minimise time and expense and improve our diets one step at a time. Firstly, there is nothing contentious or new about the clean eating maxim of consuming more vegetables. Clubbing together with like-minded housemates can allow you to get the best deal on bulk purchases of veg and could cut down waste too. The VegBox society delivers pre-ordered boxes of, er, veg to the Hive every week for students.

Cooking with friends can also be a great way to eat more healthily. Swap ideas and make meals together; this is also a great bonding exercise. Cooking larger portions to share is another way you can look to minimise food waste. Similarly, cooking isn’t Tinder. Looks aren’t everything. Buy reduced, misshapen veg, take advantage of cheaper supermarket own-brands and ‘to clear’ items if you’re going to use them soon. Although it won’t look quite as nice on your Instagram, it’ll taste the same and might just be kinder on your wallet too. You don’t have to drastically change your diet in order to make positive changes. Swap that extra portion of carbs for some more veg, or that sweet snack for a piece of fruit, every tiny change makes a difference! The old advice of trying to put a rainbow of colours on your plate remains relevant (and keeps the beetroot industry in profit, win-win). It might just be worth investing in a good quality, healthy cookbook if you don’t have one already. Shop

around and flick through some too hung up on ideas of cleanliness cookbooks to find one you like the at the expense of your all-round look of, and try one of Norwich’s nourishment or health. Instead, many charity shops. The internet look for the best deals on good is also a good place to look for quality food and make sure you are culinary inspiration, with loads still enjoying a healthy, balanced of blogs brimming with great diet, whether it can be described recipe and food presentation ideas! as clean eating or otherwise. And finally? We’re all entitled to a treat every now and again. So if you get home late and want a nice tin of steaming spaghetti hoops, go ahead and stick the buggers in the microwave - we won’t be judging you. So, clean eating seems like a noble idea despite its being largely discredited in the food community, and one which is certainly worth incorporating in part into your cooking. But the best advice is to not get Photo: Pexels, Pixabay

Defeating your summer boredom Lillie Coles Features Writer The essays have been handed in, the exams are drawing to a close, and the freedom of summer looms before us. For many, this means travelling. For others, a summer job is on the cards. But, many students will be heading home for the summer months, to spend time with friends and family, return to old haunts, and enjoy some well deserved creature comforts…

until everybody else goes back to work and your only companion is Jeremy Kyle. Going home for summer can be lovely, but after a while it can drag a little and the daytime telly just gets dull. Your parents are back at work, your siblings have got their own plans, and you’ve already caught up with all your friends. So, how can you fill your newly free schedule? Well, spare time can easily be put to use in trying to achieve all those things you never seemed to

have time for at uni. This could be anything from starting a blog, having a go at a new sport, or even teaching yourself something new.

“There’s no reason why your summer has to be bland” Try learning a new language on an app, making some of

those endless recipe videos on Facebook, or teaching yourself a few chords on the guitar you got for Christmas one year but never learnt how to play. There’s no reason why your summer has to be bland; if you find a new task or challenge to complete, you’re not only making the most of your time but are also investing in yourself. There are plenty of volunteering opportunities that would make your summer a worthwhile time for yourself and for others. In your local area,

you could have a look into some charities and see what you could do to help. It could be anything from gardening to helping at an animal shelter. You can give as much or as little time as you have spare, and it is a worthwhile cause that can boost morale as well as your CV! UEA’s CareerCentral has lots of exciting opportunities in both voluntary and paid roles, so it might be worth a look to see if your dream internship or volunteering position is ready and waiting for you!


Features

13th June 2017

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Campus Investigated Some bunny that I used to know! Hattie Griffiths Features Editor Take one cursory glance around the UEA broads on any given day and you’ll realise the phrase “breeding like rabbits” certainly comes from a true place where the miniature mammals are concerned. No late-night trekking to the LCR is complete without a squeal from a member of your group at the sight of a cotton tail bobbing up and down in the distance, and any casual game of catch by the lake is framed

by that extra danger of getting your foot caught in a hidden rabbit hole. But how long have these bunnies been around? Dr Diana Bell, senior lecturer and researcher at UEA’s school of Biological Sciences, has conducted the longest worldwide study of the university’s rabbit population, compiling almost 35 years of research data. There is also a reason, she explains, why there always seems to be more rabbits around in the springtime – but if you’re a rabbit fan, you aren’t going to like the

answer. An annual outbreak of the Myxomatosis virus, detected only in rabbits as far back as the mid19th century, kills “between 60-100 percent” of the campus cottontails, Bell has observed. But not to worry, they’re a hardy bunch, despite slight dips in reproduction levels over the last ten years. As it turns out, our University’s rabbit population has gathered some star-studded interest over the last twenty-five years. BBC’s Springwatch and the One Show in 2012 spent several days both overtly and covertly filming the rabbits in

their It’s natural habitats, including under ‘Kett Hill’ / ’Waveney Mountain’ by Colman House.

“Our university’s rabbit population has garnered some star studded interest”

Photo: Dan P Photo: Dan Sallis

According to Dr Bell in an interview with the Eastern Daily Press in 2012, the teams were “impressed that the rabbits were not disturbed by the large amount of people who are on campus daily, including the students who were playing frisbee next to them”.

unsurprising that the rabbit is considered the unofficial animal mascot of UEA. They can be found everywhere on campus, and although they’re comfortable enough around us students, being skilled enough to catch one immediately elevates you to god-like status. It isn’t such a bad thing for the animal to be representative of the student population; rabbits are happy to eat anything if its free, enjoy running around for no apparent reason, and are often wide awake at ridiculous hours of the day and night. Sound familiar? The UEA rabbits, which in their years on campus have inspired social media accounts, works of art and even conspiracy theories are an institution which make UEA really stand out. Long live the rabbits!

Denys Lasdun: creator of our concrete metropolis Annie Tomkins Features Writer Some may have pondered the identity of the benign figure surveying the concrete stairwell of level 3 of the library: this is a portrait of Sir Denys Lasdun. Not only has he witnessed countless breathless students mount the library summit, he is also the architectural sadist behind the sheer drop of the Ziggurat’s infamous stairs. Though many may have bemoaned the austerity of UEA’s all encompassing concrete veneer on bleak winter days, his architecture is actually pretty special. Born in 1914, Lasdun was part of the Post-War modernist movement of architecture in Britain, he is perhaps best known for his embracement of Brutalism. Brutalist architecture, about as cheery as the name suggests, was popularised in the 1960s and 70s, it heralded the advent of regiment structures defined by their angular clarity and obsessive dedication to the medium of concrete. Though his name is sadly

understated, Lasdun’s presence at UEA is everywhere. Denys Lasdun is the brilliant mind behind UEA’s most iconic buildings, built between 196268, he developed the core features of the campus; the original teaching wall and student accommodation, the iconic grade II listed Ziggurats. His aim was to design a coherent space interconnected seamlessly by walkways that separated pedestrians from vehicles. The narrow walkways were intended to channel the campus’ users, prompt encounters and create a sense of community amongst students. Whilst Lasdun also contributed key buildings to the campuses of the

“His aim was to design a coherent space interconnected seamlessly by walkways”

University of Cambridge, Leicester and SOAS perhaps his most famous architectural accomplishment is the Royal National Theatre on London’s Southbank, completed in 1985. This structure suitably illustrates the contentious nature of his work, Prince Charles bitterly compared it to “a nuclear power station”. Though perhaps Charles’ rebukes should be greeted with cynicism (please google ‘Poundbury Estate’ if you dare). UEA is a university physically defined by the properties of concrete. As a new post-war university, the revolutionary medium of concrete seems a fitting homage to the modern and forward thinking principles with which the university was established. Furthermore the Frankenstein nature of concrete - continually being replaced and added to mirrors the wider development of UEA as it continues to grow in size and scope. Indeed UEA’s identity and perception as a university is arguably synonymous with the ascetic concrete architecture at its core.

Lasdun’s presence and influence is everywhere on campus bequeathing a lasting legacy in his bold architectural statements. The dawn of modern art museums has arguably seen the rise of architectural tourism, this phenomenon has even extended to UEA with The National Trust previously offering Brutalist appreciation tours where eager individuals could survey the Ziggurats (complete with students) in all their concrete glory.

“Lasdun’s presence and influence is everywhere on campus” As students we interact with the campus daily, it is our physical manifestation of the university experience. I feel there is a pervasive appreciation, a sense of begrudging endearment to the concrete backdrop of UEA life. Photo: Dan Sallis


13th June 2017

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Features

“We get the politicans we deserve” Emily Hawkins spoke to Ed Balls about political stability, humour in politics and that tweet Emily Hawkins Editor-in-Chief When Ed Balls visits UEA it’s pouring with rain, the middle of exam season, and a re-scheduled visit after his intiial planned appearance at UEA’s Literary festival was cancelled. Nonetheless, the lecture threatre where Professor of Political and Social Theory Alan Finalyson interviews Balls is jampacked with residents of Norwich and students. After unexpectedly joining the posse of Labour MPs who lost their seats in 2015, the former Shadow Chancellor has, some pundits have written, surived this electoral death and managed to thrive in his political afterlife. Balls’ visit to UEA is his first in 42 years, something he calls “a terrible thing.” He explains that despite returning to Norwich “once a week at least in the last few years” the Literary festival event marks a homecoming to UEA. On his early memories of the city, moving to Nottingham when he was eight, Balls says: “My mum grew up above the butcher’s shop in Unthank Road and I’ve been to a pub there with Charles Clarke a couple of times and my mum and dad now live in the Cathedral Close, where the cathedral is which I always enjoy as it’s such an amazing building and all that area around Elm Hill and when I was young we used to go on holiday every year to Sheringham and so I like going to the seaside there, it’s a good town. But having said all of that, my favourite place is obviously Carrow Road.” Given the Brexit

result and Donald Trump’s election, I ask what message Balls would give to students in a time of political tumult. Balls stresses that he feels the political situation is no different to the challenges faced by young people three decades ago.

“I think that banning anybody coming to university who you disagree with is wrong” He says: “Everyone’s worried about the very unstable situation in America but there’s also great opportunities at the moment and I think that the right thing to do at university is to feel still optimistic that this is a great country and

Photo: The Irish Labour Party, Flickr

new opportunities arising and you [have] got to go out there and grasp them.” As lecturer in Economics at both Harvard and King’s College London, Balls says he is “worried” by a trend of no-platforming. When I ask his thoughts on the proposed no-platforming of Boris Johnson a couple of years ago, he says: I think the idea of not inviting Boris Johnson onto a university campus when he’s the Foreign Secretary of our country is absurd and more generally, I think that universities are the kind of place where people should be able and encouraged to make arguments which are controversial. “I think universities needs to be places which are safe and also where people learn and debate and speak freely.” However, he adds that he thinks there are “limits to free speech “ in cases when “it starts to directly challenge other people’s safety by inciting hatred on religious or racial grounds, but I think that banning anybody coming to university who you disagree with is wrong.” Of course, I have to ask the expolitican about using politics in the age of Twitter, given his accidental tweeting of his own name has since garnered almost 100,000 retweets since the 2011 slip-up. I ask whether he feels any anxiety about the social media site, given other politicans’ mistakes or past tweets have been used to oust them from their political positions, sometimes fairly and sometimes not. He said: “When Twitter began, the idea that you would say things and have you know a timeline which interacted with people you’d never met was really quite a strange unusual thing.” However, he says now he feels “quite normal about being on

Twitter and reading tweets from people I’m very familiar with and people I have never met.” He adds: “The lesson you learn with Twitter is that you have to always have to think hard before you do anything because the things which happen on the spur of the moment or in a moment of anger, often turn out to be quite big problems. “Having said that, as you said, my tweet was clearly a mistake and has now been retweeted 95,000 times so every now and again...but I think you always have to be, as a politician, quite careful.” On the topic of Milifandom, an odd but endearing meme that saw teenage girls treat former Labour leader Ed Miliband as if he were a boyband member: fancrown edits and all, he describes such Internet reactions as “nice but not representative. It’s real, I’ve done interviews in The New York Times and the Australian media all because of Ed Balls Day so it’s not that it’s not real but it’s not representative of the whole society. So you can have some nice tweets and that it isn’t the same as what most people think.” On the topic of politics and humour, he says British satire is “why we’ve never had a Donald Trump or a Mussolini. We’ve laughed and mocked those in power for centuries and I think that’s a very healthy thing ” When we speak it seems certain that the Conservatives will win a landslide, and many are chomping at the bit to state Labour is doomed to an electoral abyss. With this in mind, I asked Balls whether he believed election campaigns could make a difference to the outcomes of elections. He said: “There are times in elections where things really shift in election campaigns, that was why the Spanish socialists lost after a terrorist attack a few years ago. “I think you can look at the rise of Nick Clegg in 2010 or the TorySNP attack on Labour in 2015 both as events which shifted the election result but the underlying trend is that instincts and views are established over a long period of time.” We move on to talking about young people’s political participation. He said: “We are a democracy because it’s the best way to run a society, of course it has lots of flaws and challenges but compared to any other system it’s a better way to do things because men and women fought for very hard to win the right to allow them to vote, in our country. “ W e get the

politicians we deserve and the way in which we get better politicians and better outcomes is by participating in voting. I think in a democracy it’s our collective responsibility.” Concrete spoke to him when he visited campus only a few weeks before the general election. Balls came to discuss his memoir ‘Speaking Out’, and admitted to the auidence earlier in the night that he didn’t write the book himself. Instead, he described sitting at his desk and recording himself speak for an hour or so every morning after taking his children to school. This isn’t particularly unorthodox, though the same can’t be said for Balls’ post-Parliament career. Inbetween lecturing at some of the world’s most prestigious universities, Balls has appeared on Strictly Come Dancing but tells the UEA auidence he wouldn’t do any other similiar shows. Despite the current period of precarious political promises, remark Photo:this Flickr, Andyfeels Le believable.

“It’s not that it’s not real but it’s not representative of the whole society. So you can have some nice tweets and that it isn’t the same as what most people think” However, so much else in politics does not feel certain, and I ask Balls whether there is anything else that could happen in politics that would shock him. He said: “Well if you said to me two years ago, Jeremy Corbyn would be elected twice as Labour leader, David Cameron would lose a referendum, George Osborne would be made the editor of the Standard and Donald Trump would become President I’d have been completely shocked. “Even though I thought I’d been around for quite a long time, I was shocked and there’s undoubtedly things which could shock me in the future.” Ironically, in a few weeks time, Prime Minister Theresa May’s snap election would be revealed as a massive miscalculation on her part, as a hung parliament is predicted by the 8 June exit poll, and is later proven true. Ed Balls acutely says, before the interview ends: “The point about being shocked is that you don’t expect it so when I’m shocked I’ll tell you and I’ll only be shocked because I’m not expecting it.”


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13th June 2017

General Election: The celebrations, Mayday made by mistakes Sophie Bunce Deputy Editor To work out what happened to May’s strong and stable campaign we have to look back at where it all went wrong; the moment she called the election. May announced her snap election on 18 April. She stood in front of number ten and told us it was for our own good. She told us that stability was required and this was the way to get it. But I don’t think anything that involves the word ‘snap’ sounds solid. Whether a question of charisma, her debating skills, or fields of wheat, the campaign became a mess. What the Conservatives had expected to be an easy win unravelled the closer we got to the 8 June. She made a gamble and lost. By calling the snap election the Conservatives lost twelve seats and therefore May diminished her party. She went in with a majority and came out not only losing this majority but with a hung parliament and coalition with the DUP. But why, what made it all fall apart?

“May doesn’t have charisma. Not even the kind that you love to hate” May doesn’t have charisma. Not even the kind of charisma you love to hate. Few can deny that there is something people love about Farage, the secret quality that kept him and his unwavering stare on the news as we waited for seats to be declared during election night. There is also a quality in Jeremy Corbyn that has won over young voters, who not only believe in his policies, but in him. May doesn’t

have it and no amount of party rhetoric can convince me otherwise. So much of a party is the person and whether it’s right or wrong I don’t see it changing. Perhaps she doesn’t think it matters. But as the UEA bar erupted at the mere glimpse of Corbyn you can’t help but think she missed a trick. Then came the mistakes. She didn’t engage with the public, she didn’t produce a positive manifesto, and most importantly, she didn’t debate. I have talked to anyone who will listen about this and, despite the polls closing, I think it is more relevant than ever. A woman of the people would talk to the people, even if it meant debating with politicians. She wouldn’t debate because she can’t. After the horrendous attacks in London and Manchester ,the political campaigns were suspended. Even though the break lost momentum for May’s campaign and interrupted the party rhetoric it was an appropriate action. Politics can be morally questionable but they got one thing right; they suspended campaigning and respected those who suffered loss. In its final days her campaign became laughable. Perhaps she was unfairly targeted. Honestly, what would any of us say to “what’s the naughtiest thing you’ve ever done?” Should she have gone dark and admitted to a secret life of crime or admit stealing from the Woolworths pic ’n’mix as a child? But I know the answer isn’t anything to do with running through fields of wheat. It isn’t cool and is actually quite an expensive pastime as damaging crops can leave you with a hefty fee. The more you know. She won the seats. She got the title. But if there is one thing I am certain of she doesn’t deserve it. Photo: Downing Street, Pixabay

Photo: Michael Vadon, Wikimedia

Photo: Surrey County Council News Photostream, Flickr.

Tom Gyner argues there’s nothing new with polarised politics The election results are in and no party has a majority. We have a hung parliament. Prime Minister Theresa May has said she won’t resign, a minority Tory government with support from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) seems the most likely outcome. Firstly, let me just make one thing very clear. This is not a win for Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour party. Yes, they have done better than predicted; yes, their campaign was good; yes, they won more seats than in 2010 or 2015. However, it is important to remember that after seven years of the Conservatives in government, Labour has still failed to win a majority of seats. Even though they lost seats, the Tories are still the largest party, in all likelihood Theresa May will still be Prime Minister, at least for

a while. Corbyn’s result may have been acceptable, it may even have exceeded expectations, but it was not outstanding. The Tories lost, but so did Labour. What this election result has shown though is the return to a more polarised version of politics. The left versus right divide appears to have widened between the two main parties. Many might point to the supposed radically socialist policies of Corbyn, but I actually think the Conservatives have shifted further to the right than Labour have to the left. In fact, I honestly don’t believe Corbyn is particularly radical, he is simply pushing for a return to many of the policies Labour have had previously. Equally, I don’t really think people’s attitudes have changed that much either, in a time of

economic difficulty they still support ideas which will address problems of poverty and want, which is what Corbyn tried to offer in his manifesto. Whatever hype the media might use, in truth these changes fit with the overarching political patterns. There are times, generally during economic booms, when both parties have similar ideas about how to govern the country, such as the post-war consensus, when the opinions of the Chancellor (Rab Butler) and the Shadow-Chancellor (Hugh Gaitskell) were so similar that it was termed ‘Butskellism’. The Blair era was one of these times, with Thatcher famously declaring that they had ‘won’ because Blair ”came over to their side,” but this began to change with the economic crash. Now the two main parties

are divided like they were in the 1970s and 1980s. Of course, some might view this as a good thing, bemoaning the times when parties are similar, yet whatever your political alignment you can see how this contrast can cause difficulties. After all, whatever people want to say about Blair moving to the

“The Conservatives have shifted further to the right than Labour have to the left” right, his premiership also saw the Conservatives pulled to the left. Remember that Blair introduced minimum wage, and then the Tories actually raised it, not fully to a living wage admittedly, but still

it’s hardly something that would have happened under Thatcher. This isn’t a new era, but simply a continuation of an old one. This polarisation of politics isn’t just limited to the left and right, the SNP suffered in Scotland partly due to the fact that the parties that opposed them stood as unionists, opposing another independence referendum. Meanwhile, in Northern Ireland almost all the seats were won by the DUP or Sinn Fein, respectively the most unionist and most nationalist parties in Northern Ireland. So yes, there has been a marked shift in British politics, but it’s a shift that has happened before, and will no doubt happen again. The implications it has for the future of British politics are harder to predict.


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13th June 2017

Wikimedia Alvesgaspar

ns, resignations, and commiserations Ukeep out of our election Digby Mason Comment Writer UKIP swung into the limelight in 2014, capturing the nations attention with “traditionally conservative values” and the aim of leaving the EU. Much of their popularity was not a result of their policies, it was a result of people deriding them as “fruitcakes, loonies, and closet racists.” Their shiny new manifesto opens by reminding us that “UKIP is at its best when it is being radical,” a point I whole-heartedly agree with - so long as we are defining ‘best’ as the amount of time one gets on the telly being laughed at. Though it seems odd to think of, the notion of leaving the European Union was considered radical, and was certainly presented as such by the media during the rise of UKIP; it was arguably their status as outsiders that made UKIP so popular, the first sign of the trend we later saw reach it’s peak with Donald Trump. Reading through UKIP’s manifesto now though, that revolutionary feel has completely departed. Very little has changed between their last manifesto and this one, and even to a Leave voter such as myself, their arguments for

leaving the EU without triggering Article 50 sound like a desperate attempt to stay relevant. The rest of their policies also offer none of the severe distinction that contributed to their previous fame: scrapping tuition fees for STEM students and pledging more affordable housing. Nearly all of their plans and ideas are covered in either the Labour or the Conservative manifestos. The lack of excitement and passion is clearly visible in the election result. In fact, the only place where UKIP has any sort of popularity left (aside from the BBC, which seems to be under the impression they are still very relevant) is in the European Parliament, where they still hold the majority of this country’s seats. However, as it appears UKIP will be getting their wishes regarding Europe, even this last foothold of power is unlikely to last much longer. Perhaps if they had tried to re-brand as a party that offered something exciting and new, they could have clung on to their last shreds of relevance. It seems instead that UKIP and the LibDems have had the same problem this election: the vote on Europe has already happened. Nobody wants this election to be another.

Why are Labour celebrating? Jack Ashton Comment Editor Election night was weird. I sat there at 21:50, terrified of my own laptop screen due to the knowledge that in 10 minutes it would show an exit poll that could make or break my day (and week, and month). Then it happened - “Conservatives fail to retain majority- hung parliament.” I was over the moon. I even managed this bizarre little skip thing to demonstrate my excitement. I spent the whole night enjoying watching the results come in, watching Labour take seat after seat from various parties - all safe in the knowledge that my party did so well that they’re going to end up in second place.

“The Labour Party is first and foremost a party of government” That’s the thing. We came second. If, at the start of Parliament, someone had asked us, “Hey, would you be happy coming second place by around 50 seats?” we would not have said yes. The Labour Party is first and foremost a party of Government. Our goal is to make the lives of millions of people better, and we can only do that when in power. So explain to me why the bar was filled with hundreds

of students, including myself, cheering the fact that Labour are not in Government. To top it off, the Conservatives still have an effective majority. What’s changed? Sure, the Tory boat has been rocked a little bit. But c’mon, really? Is that worth celebrating? I understand that we came back from huge odds, and I understand that everyone wrote us off. But we did ultimately lose, and that’s what matters. More so, we lost to one of the worst political campaigns in recent history, against a Government that has offered nothing. When did this become the benchmark for success? We should be smashing them out of the park, because right now, we’re not in Government, so we can help no one. I really do hate to be THAT GUY, and I’m thrilled that we cut the Tories’ seats, but I think it is worth a reality check. It’s a check to the Corbynite attitude of building a ‘movement’, and a check to the idea that our goal is to be a decent opposition, not a decent Government. We need to set our sights higher. The millions of people who so desperately require a Labour government won’t be cheering at another Tory government, so neither will I.

The exit poll: what UEA said...

Hannah Brown: we should remain unafraid in the face of terror

“I voted Tory but it’s great to see that there is a divide between the two largest political parties in the country, something that has been absent from UK politics for quite some time.”

I have never felt safe in a big city. I don’t like crowds, and I don’t like a lot of noise. Cities like London, and even Southampton or Birmingham, are ones that I would avoid if given the chance. As I’ve got older, these cities have become more appealing – for job prospects, or even just shopping. But it doesn’t mean I like them. Now with the added combination of the “age of terror” we’re living in, is it time to accept that I’m not the only one who feels like this? I’ve often spoken to my family and friends who are dismissive of my fears – what’re the chances of it happening to me? Of course, as with anything, there is always a chance of it happening to me. There is a chance I could die in a terrorist attack. However, there is also a chance I could die by being hit by a car, or falling out of bed, or eating food that has gone off. I’m not going to stop driving, sleeping, or eating, just because there is a chance it could happen to me – and a substantially bigger one than being involved in an attack.

“The Conservative guy running for Newcastle East was fit!” “I feel that Labour are going in a positive direction, even if they’re not the largest party. In each constituency they’re getting a larger share of the votes. It indicates a rise in the left wing agenda.” “I think that Theresa May underestimated the power of the millennials.” “Like everyone, I’m happy with the exit poll. But I’m also very sceptical. We’ll just wait and see, hope for the best, and be realistic.” “I’m feeling good. I thought there was going to be a massive Tory landslide majority, to be honest. Jeremy Corbyn seems like a lovely guy to me.”

See Li, Flickr

We also have to understand that this isn’t the first time we have had terrorist attacks in the UK. More people died in the 1980s, for example, from attacks than nowadays. These attacks have been happening long before all of us have been around. They would happen hundreds of years ago, and they will continue hundreds of years in the future. So… what can we do about it? Is it right that we don’t feel safe? Well, no, of course not. No one should get to make anyone feel unsafe in their own cities. But, it would seem that we don’t have a choice. What can we, students, do, then? We can continue to live and thrive. We can become the leaders of the future. Terrorism isn’t going to go away, but being scared is what they want us to be. Fear is an emotion we will feel every year of our lives, and it’s something that we need to learn to live with. You can be scared when you visit London, or Paris, or Brussels, but you must carry on living your lives to the fullest and help this ‘age of terror’ fall into the past.

Emily Hawkins: argues despite a Tory minority, the left should be optimistic The chances of Jeremy Corbyn becoming Prime Minister are, as they were a month ago, slim. The Labour leader has said he would try to amend the Queen’s Speech, telling The Sunday Mirror shortly after the election: “This is still on. Absolutely.” It isn’t really, let’s be honest. In black and white terms, Labour lost the general election as many thought they would. But it isn’t a paradox to still believe that the left should be pleased with the result. The Conservatives could find themselves unable to carry out many of their manifesto pledges: regressive policies such as grammar school reintroduction and fox hunting will struggle to pass the Commons now. This election also saw some incredible activists elected, as well as marking the first time individuals from certain groups will enter Parliament and marking an increase in representation of traditionally underrepresented groups. For example, a Sikh woman was elected for the first time in British history. Preet Gil won in Birmingham Edgbaston, where she secured a majority for Labour of 6,917. The number of women in the House of Commons has also risen, albeit by a fraction,/

After this election; 208 women were elected, an increase on the figure of 191 in 2015 (though an additional five women were elected in by-elections). If present estimates are to be believed, somewhere between 65 and 75 percent of young people turned up at a polling station last Thursday to vote. In addition to the overall turnout being recorded as the highest since 1997, this youth turnout figure would mean Labour have succeeded where they failed in 2015. Whilst the 72 percent figure currently being thrown around is likely to be an exaggeration of the real turnout, there is no doubt that Jeremy Corbyn convinced those who do not usually vote, including and especially young people, to make their voices heard. The BBC reports that “seats with the highest proportions of 18 to 24-year-olds had above average swings to Labour,” which is an optimistic sign for the next (possibly very soon) election. Our expectations were incredibly low, no doubt about it. However, the left has proven it can recover from the nadir of 2015, and that the Conservatives are not the natural party of government.


FINANCE

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Jodie Bailey zeros in on zero hours The statistics from the TUC and the ONS are worrying to say the least. Last year the number of people relying on zero-hour contracts for their main source of income increased by 13 percent. Approximately 905,000 people depend on these insecure contracts, and out of these people, most of them are young, female or from ethnic minority backgrounds. And in total at the end of 2016, 1.7 million people were working on a zero-hour basis up from 1.4 million in 2014. But surely these are positive statistics? Rather than being unemployed, these people have jobs, and, in an increasingly competitive job market, we should be grateful for what we are given. Well, yes – and no. Zero-hour contracts are exactly that. 0 hours. And if demand falls, those 0 hours may translate into £0.

“Those 0 hours may translate into £0" Employees are not obliged to work specific hours, but that comes

with the risk that employers are also not obliged to give employees any hours at all, which can be a disquieting prospect for the almost 1 million people who rely on these contracts as their primary source of income. Whole families may depend upon the whim of an employer who refuses to give hours when demand falls. Aside from the financial insecurity that accompanies zerohour contracts, the legalities of the situation vary enormously and consequently individuals who work on these contracts may sometimes be classed as either workers, or employees, or even self-employed, meaning that the rights of these individuals can be difficult to determine. However, that is not to say that zero-hour contracts do not have their advantages too. For businesses and workers alike, zero-hour contracts offer flexibility depending on clients’ demands – saving businesses money on labour in times when production is unnecessary, and workers can also turn down hours that do not suit their commitments – such as other part-time jobs, family life or study. Most people on these contracts

Number of students in zero hours contracts in 2016

David Beckham is among the 1,000 people who invested in Ingenious' film financing schemes intended to secure tax relief for high earners. He is joined by a wealth of celebrities, including Gary Lineker, Bob Geldof and Ant and Dec who invested a minimum of £100,000 to join and suffered substantial losses as a result. The Ingenious scheme was

Qatar stock market tumbles amid diplomatic row After seven neighbouring countries cut diplomatic ties with Qatar amidst allegations of supporting militant groups and its ties to Iran, the nation’s stock markets plunged. The severance of ties with Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Libya, Yemen and the Maldives follows rising tensions in the region.

First Cash Lifetime (LISA) launched.

ISA

Skipton Building Society are launching the first cash LISA, with an interest rate of 0.5 percent, rather than in the form of stocks and shares. LISAs can only be opened by those between 18-39 and used to save money to buy one’s first property or fund retirement. Potential bonuses could accrue up to £32,000. work an average of 25 hours per week and only a third would like more hours, but for the third that do want greater security and more

“The pressure is on businesses to change"

hours, the inability to plan ahead for the future is disconcerting. Consequently, whether we like zero-hour contracts or not, the pressure on businesses to change their contracts and the bad reputation that they garner is encouraging more companies to drop zero-hour contracts, hopefully offering more stability for their workforces.

Ingenious film scheme proves bad investment Sophie Bunce Deputy Editor

The Finance Roundup

introduced to build the UK film industry which is the fourth largest box office earner after US, Canada and China. The global film industry has an estimated value of 38 billion US dollars and is ever growing. Therefore, the Ingenious film financing schemes were part of an effort for the UK to remain competitive globally. They incentivised big name celebrities with tax relief, who could have otherwise gone to the UK’s competitors. The decision may have been lucrative for the UK film

industry, but for many it came down to a question of fairness and tax avoidance simply isn’t. Investors claimed they were unaware of the risks involved when entering the scheme. They appealed the 2016 ruling. However, HMRC suggested that the Ingenious scheme made claims based on artificial losses and upheld the 2016 ruling that lead to losses of £420 million, which including interest, rose to £700. Photo: Public Domain Pictures, Karen Arnold

Santander 123 Student Account best value again According to student money advice site Save The Student, the best value student bank account is once again the Santander 123 Student Account. It offers up to £1,500 0 percent overdraft and a sign-up incentive of a 4 year 16-25 railcard.

Retail sales fell in May by 4.4 percent The BRC (British Retail Consortium) have recorded the sharpest fall in sales in four and a half years. The BRC blame consumers’ reduced spending on pressure from rising inflation and weak wage growth.

Channel 4 hires Alex Mahon to be its first female Chief Executive No woman has previously run a UK channel larger than Channel 5, but Alex Mahon (Broadchurch and MasterChef producer, and leader of the special effects company behind films such as Gravity and Guardians of the Galaxy), will begin her new role in the autumn. Jodie Bailey

Reality check: housing market still out of reach Elkyn Ernst Finance Writer For the first time since 2009, the average price of housing in Norwich decreased for three consecutive months. It is a relief for prospective buyers that the annual price increase is slowing down. Yet, one question

“Will it slow down enough?" remains: will it slow down enough? Between December 2015 and October 2016, the price of housing in Norwich went up by 9.2

percent, considerably more than the 5.7 percent increase nationally. So, the falls of 0.3 percent in March, 0.4 percent in April and 0.2 percent in May 2017 caused by banks’ new affordability tests and other factors were welcome. Indeed, Samuel Tombs, chief UK economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, said that, “the days of surging house prices driven by sharply rising loan-to-income ratios are gone.” He predicted that the housing prices

increase would likely stabilize at around 2 percent for 2017. However, an increase of 2 percent may still make it impossible for many to buy a house. National inflation is overtaking wages. Inflation went from 2 percent in September 2016 to 3.5 percent in April 2017, the highest rate since April 2012. If prices go down enough, the demand will increase sharply due to the large number of prospective buyers who a r e

waiting for the price to drop. This would chase the prices right back up. It’s a vicious circle. This makes it difficult for people with debt, especially recent graduates. The debt to income ratio can make them ineligible to take out a mortgage. They are consequently forced into either renting, which hampers saving money, or joining the 32 percent of graduates moving back in with parents – a figure which was only 20 percent in 1960.

And let’s face it, neither are desirable choices. There is still hope, however. The New Anglia Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) pledged to build 117 000 new homes in Norfolk and Suffolk before 2026. Whilst this means we have a long time to wait, this action could resolve Norwich’s housing crisis. So until then, we can only wait to see what happens next. As Sowersby’s estate manager Jonathan Wood said, the market with Brexit is uncertain. Until the negotiations of Article 50 are concluded, housing prices may change unexpectedly. Photo: Public Domain Pictures, K Whiteford


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SCIENCE

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Damned without those beavers Daniel Sallis Science Writer

Beavers aid the removal of harmful pollutants from streams and creeks, a recent study from the University of Rhode Island has concluded, while a trial in Devon has showed the animals can help make water up to three times cleaner. Beaver dams help remove up to 45 percent of harmful nitrogen from waterways. Less nitrogen leads to healthier streams, creeks, and rivers, improving habitat for fish and other wildlife. Beaver dams trap water to

form ponds where aquatic plants can grow. Dead leaves and plant matter will sink to the bottom and decompose, producing food for bacteria.

“Beaver dams help remove up to 45 percent of harmful nitrogen from waterways” When oxygen in the water is low, bacteria will break down nitrates to obtain the oxygen in them and

release the nitrogen out of the water as gas. Nitrogen is one of the most problematic pollutants found in rivers. Nitrates, nitrogen-based chemicals found in fertilisers and other common chemicals, drain from agricultural and urban areas after rain as polluted runoff. This then causes eutrophicationalgae blooms result in underwater dead zones where fish and other aquatic life struggle to survive due to a lack of oxygen. Professor Brazier from the University of Exeter said, “Farmers should be happy that beavers are solving some of the problems that

Hillary Step collapses

intensive farming creates. If we re-introduction into Scotland are bring beavers back it’s just one tool increasing, as trials are being we need to solve Britain’s crisis of carried out. soil loss and diffuse agricultural Professor Brazier added, “The pollution of waterways, but it’s a public is currently paying people to useful tool.” build leaky dams to keep storm As well as reducing waters in the uplands. The pollutants, beavers beavers can do it free of help reduce soil erosion charge and even build and reduce the risk of their own flooding. The benefits of homes”. beavers are being more widely reported worldwide. Their numbers are rebounding in the US after becoming close to extinction. Despite Photo: Pixabay. Steve Raubenstine controversy, calls for their

Antibiotic adapted for attack Alice Tomlinson Science Writer

US scientists have re-engineered a vital antibiotic to wipe out superbug. This new version of vancomycin appears to be more potent than the older drug. With the potential to be used within five years, this fortified drug promises a new hope in the fight against superbugs, strains of bacteria which have developed resistance to antibiotic drugs. As reported by PNAS journal and BBC News, this updated version of vancomycin greatly decreases chances of the superbugs being able to avoid attack. It can fight bacteria in three different ways, making it significantly more powerful than its parent antibiotics. Despite warnings that we are

Photo: Wikimedia,Tirthakanji

Georgia Rose Science Writer The world-famous Hillary Step has collapsed, destroying the rocky landscape nearing the top of Mount Everest, climbers have reported. Located at 8,790 metres, the Hillary Step is a steep and narrow section considered by climbers to be the final obstacle before the mountain’s summit, fifty-eight meters above.

“It’s a piece of mountaineering history that has disappeared” The ridge was named after New Zealander, Sir Edmund Hillary, after he and Nepalese Sherpa, Tenzing Norgay, were the first climbers recorded to have scaled it in 1953. Seasoned British mountaineer,

Tim Mosedale, was the first to confirm its collapse after reaching the summit on May 16, telling The Guardian that he felt emotional when he found the step had been destroyed. “It’s a piece of mountaineering history that has disappeared. Even non-mountaineers know the name and the association of the infamous Hillary Step”. Its destruction is likely due to Nepal’s recent giant 2015 earthquake. But due to the level of snowfall, the American Himalayan Foundation can not yet confirm the exact change to landscape, as it is not yet possible to tell from photographs what is and is not rock. Several climbers have claimed that the newly snow-covered slope will be a gentler climb for inexperienced climbers than the old near-vertical rock face. In 2012, British climber, Sir Chris Bonington, reported that the 12 metre climb was always a nearfatal ascent, telling the Metro, “If

it’s a perfectly fine day, it doesn’t really matter too much if you are delayed for say, an hour and a half, two hours on the Hillary Step, which is just short of the summit.

“If the weather is breaking up,that twoand-a-half hour wait can be a matter of life and death” If the weather is breaking up, that two-and-a-half hour wait can be a matter of life and death.” However, climbers should be warned, the path may become more dangerous, as there may be limited paths up the section. This creates a bottleneck effect. By this, it is meant that climbers will have to wait for long periods of time in cold temperatures and at a high altitude while others attempt it.

embarking on an era in which some infections will become impossible to treat, the Scripps Research Institute Team hope this new drug will be able to combat vancomycinresistant enterococci (VRE), an infection regarded by the WHO as one of the most perilous to human health.

“A new hope” Professor Nigel Brown of the Microbiology Society, said: “The improved drug seems indeed to promise brighter futures for science. It successfully killed VRE samples in labs and managed to keep nearly full potency after 50 rounds of exposure to the bacterium. Although yet to undergo testing on animals and humans, doctors may be able to use this fortified version of vancomycin without fear of resistance emerging.

Anti-pollution promises Hannah Brown Science Writer In New York, delegates from China, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines met to discuss the state of the world’s oceans at a UN’s ocean summit; all pledged to work to keep plastic from the seas. According to the BBC, around eight million tonnes of plastic waste ends up in the oceans every year. Debris in the ocean can harm marine wildlife, such as turtles and dolphins, which may mistake plastic for food and ingest it, causing severe harm or even death. Seagulls can get caught in plastic wrappings and drown. Although the promises made to clean up the seas are not formally recognised, UN officials have praised the statement. Eric Solheim, the UN’s environment director, said, “nations [are] taking the ocean much more seriously. Of course, there is a very long way to go because the problems are huge.”

An environmentalist centre in Germany estimates that 75% of all the land-borne marine pollution comes from just 10 rivers – predominantly in Asia. The talks, therefore, by these Asian countries at the summit are a huge step to protect marine life and to combat pollution, which can be dangerous to the fisher population,

“The talks by these Asian countries at the summit are a huge step to protect marine life” and therefore the food industry, too. China has been urged to move quickly in preventing pollution by Tom Dillon, from the Pew Charitable Trusts. The ocean, according to him, could be a “new culture of conservation and sustainability.” But if Asia doesn’t make a move quickly, the oceans could easily turn into a floating landmass of plastic and pollution.


TRAVEL

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Sleep with Sweden: Airbnb's no limits Scandi stay

Photo: Dingrot, Pixabay Beverly Devakishen Travel Editor

Sweden has pulled off an unprecedented publicity stunt for tourism by listing the entire country on Airbnb. You will find the whole landscape and countryside of Sweden listed as places to stay on the Airbnb website with basic descriptions and details on them. While none of the places listed are actually for rent, they are shown on the Airbnb website just as any other form of accommodation would be displayed. Bathrooms are stated as ‘everywhere’, beds are ‘unlimited’, and the room types are listed as

‘open-plan’; one could even leave a review of these places. This publicity stunt was only possible because of Sweden’s ‘Freedom to Roam’ policy, which allows visitors to set up camp anywhere in Sweden’s countryside, to use the lakes and rivers freely, and even to pick any wild mushrooms, strawberries or flowers. Catching fish and having campfires is also allowed. Every mountaintop, meadow, lakeside, and forest is your potential home. The policy basically gives tourists unlimited access to Swedish nature, allowing for a more immersive outdoor experience. The Airbnb listings reinforce the fact that the whole of Sweden is open

to tourists who love the outdoors. Visitors could simply pitch a tent in the middle of a forest and camp there for days without paying, as no official accommodation is needed for people to visit Sweden.

"Every mountaintop, meadow, lakeside, and forest is your potential home" This policy provides people with the perfect opportunity to live in harmony with nature for a while; Mother Nature could even provide your meals if you’re willing to catch fresh fish and pick edible

mushrooms and berries. The strategic timing of the Airbnb listings may hint to many Airbnb users that Sweden may be their perfect summer vacation. Those who do not want to deal with accommodation in cities would find it convenient to camp out in the open at night and explore the rest of Sweden in the day. Now, for even those who need to save money, Sweden would be at the top of their list of places to go on holiday this summer. It is ironic that many people will learn about the chance to completely immerse themselves in Swedish nature through technology. The Airbnb project could signal that Sweden’s tourism board, Visit

Sweden, is moving to reach out to Internet users. One can also question whether this publicity stunt will entice potential visitors to soak in nature’s beauty or will instead put people off with its obvious and unabashed advertising of the country. Either way, with the right to access, walk, cycle, or camp anywhere in Sweden, visitors would surely have a splendid time enjoying the outdoors. The only house rules are that people be ‘mindful of the nature and neighbours’. The final instruction on the Airbnb listing for these natural sites is this: ‘the things you leave behind are your footsteps, and the things you take with you are memories’.

Travel writer Daniel Cook on ditching your wellies for tomatoes, snorkels and air guitars June in the UK means summer is just around the corner. Although as I write this, my view is limited to a sea of rain-swept students, we can only hope that in the coming weeks the grey skies will turn blue and the sun will start to shine. For many people, particular us music-loving and drinking-obsessed younger lot, summer signals the start of music festival season. In the past, I like many of my school classmates, celebrated the end of GCSEs with my first taste of not just a music festival, but also days without showering, day-time drinking and the high and lows of 2 litre bottles of Stongbow at Reading Festival. However, there are many weird and wonderful festivals around the globe this year.

"It could be you quite literally painting the town red" To start this whistle-stop tour, we’ll stay relatively close to home. When you think of Finland, what first comes to mind might be ice cold temperatures or even the home of Father Christmas himself,

not, I suspect, the hosts of Air Guitar World Championships. The Scandinavian country has hosted the final for over 20 years now, with this year’s event set to be yet another fascinating spectacle, celebrating the best head bangers and miming the world has to offer in August. Staying in Finland, if air guitar does not float your boat, how about wife carrying? The annual Wife Carrying World Championships are held over two days at the end of June, in the Finish city of Sonkajärvi. Since 1992, hundreds of couples have attempted to test the strength of their marriage by racing over a 250 metre obstacle course. More well-known and arguably more conventional is ‘La Tomatina’, which takes place on the last Wednesday of August in the town of Buñol, Valencia in Spain. La Tomatina has a long and colourful history dating back to the 1940s. Not so much a festival, but an hour-long food fight, in which participants travel from all over the world to throw tomatoes at one another. Such is the extent and aftermath of the celebrations that fire trucks are brought in to hose down not only the street but also the contributors to help locals with the extensive

Photo: flydime, Wikimedia cleaning up process. If you like to get your hands messy and fancy joining in with the fun, this year it could be you who is quite literally painting the town red, at what could quite possibly be the messiest festival of the year. Sticking with the messy theme, but venturing slightly further into Asia, and more specifically South Korea, you’ll find the Boryeong Mud Festival. This two-week

festival offers a number of different attractions centering around mud, including mud skiing, slides and pools, not to mention a stunning firework display to finish! In addition to all this fun, it is even said that the two million-odd festival goers who make the journey and take part may even gain some health benefits, with the mud said to be rich in many naturally occurring minerals and vitamins.

Finally, snorkeling is pretty great, especially in the only living barrier reef in the United States, but ever wondered how it could be even better? How about with the addition of some music? Florida’s Underwater Music festival is a quirky ‘show’, scheduled this year for July 11. Divers have a chance to swim along to the beat, while also taking in the quite remarkable sights of the reef.


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UEA Boat Club storms to season victory Sophie Bellenger Sports Writer UEA Boat Club (UEABC) has had an impressive season this year, with the Women’s team achieving wins at every head race they entered. The Men’s senior squad achieved 15th in BUCS Head and the novice squad achieved 16th and 18th in the BUCS Regatta. Turning our minds back to Derby Day, UEA Rowing achieved excellent wins with both squads defeating Essex by more than a minute. Regatta season usually starts with the BUCS Regatta. This year UEABC went on to compete at Twickenham Regatta in Richmond, London. As a club, they were particularly successful at this race, with both the Novice Men’s squad and the Novice Women’s squad winning their categories, thus receiving British Rowing Points and Pots. This is a significant acheivement for UEABC. The Twickenham Regatta was far from smooth running, with the car containing half the Novice Men’s eight breaking down on the A11, but

Photo: Nic Bellenberg and Lucy Rowe they muscled through and made it to Twickenham with the help of Mike Buchan’s mother. Thankfully, the races went smoothly, with both the Novice 8’s smashing their oppositions.

STAY RIGHT WHERE YOU ARE

The men’s eight destroyed Twickenham Boat Club by at least a boat length. This win against a team on their home river was the morale boost the squad needed, fuelling them for the next race against

Kingston. UEABC had previously raced them at the BUCS Regatta and once again they humiliated them, winning with a comfortable boatlength lead. The Novice Women won both of

their heats with considerable leads - leaving their opposition in their dirty water. The two squads truly showed their potential, showcasing their impeccable rowing. The 6-day training plan this year has really brought out the best in all of our athletes. As the club moves forward into next year, UEABC has more events lined up. Although they are saying goodbye to many members, they see their novice crews moving into the senior categories. They are striving to achieve even more titles, with a more rigorous training plan. UEABC is growing fast and their successful year shows that their boat club is now competing against larger clubs across the counties; UEA Rowing are now competitors in the higher tiers of racing compared to the lower tiers, which smaller clubs are confined to. Fred Hicks, a third year Political Science student, commented on UEABC’s win. “Regattas are always a great day out in themselves. It was our last event of the season together as a whole squad, so to have such a solid set of results was the perfect way to end it, especially for the novices!”

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13th June 2017

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Cindy Berry on raising the bar at the road races Norwich scores new players Emily Hawkins Editor-in-Chief

On 29 May, I achieved second place in the BUCS road and circuit races - a triumph made even sweeter as this was the last time I would be representing UEA. I got into cycling after joining the triathlon club in my first year having never ridden a road bike. It was a life-changing decision for me. The club were friendly and encouraging and I took part in my first triathlon with the club at the BUCS Sprint triathlon. To help improve my cycling, I joined the cycling club in my second year. It took me a while to have the confidence to go on club rides because there were no other girls and I was scared of being too slow. However this didn’t matter as the club caters for all abilities, and I found myself quickly improving with everyone’s encouragement and my results in triathlon were improving. During my Masters, I decided to do cycling racing instead of

triathlon and was offered a place on a women’s development race team. I did not have quite as much time to be as involved with both clubs, putting me slightly on the back foot, but despite this they have still supported me.

“I found myself quickly improving with everyone’s encouragement” The race was held by the University of Yorkshire Cycling Club (UYCC) and I knew I would not do as well in the BUCS road race, as the climbs are completely different than the flat land in Norwich. Despite my chain falling off, I persevered and finished the race. A total of eleven members of the UEA cycling club were entered in the race - the biggest team UEA had submitted yet, and this time the

Girl’s entered. The new president of the club, Josh Andrews, earned a great 10th place in the Men’s race. He had hoped for a better result, but despite this, he ensured I was ready and prepared for my race, and supported and encouraged the rest of his team. My plan for the race went perfectly, riding away with Tamara from Oxford until I had five laps to go where I could no longer follow her attack. I continued to push on and nearly lapped the rest of the group before finishing second. I’m over the moon with the result along with my two top 10s at the BUCS time trials earlier this year. Both the triathlon and cycling club have grown and developed since I first joined and the number of girls taking part in both sports is increasing with each year. I couldn’t recommend them enough. Photo: Robin White. (L-R Cindy Berry, Oxford’s Tarmara Davenne, Kent’s Anna Marie Huges)

Norwich City have signed midfielder Mario Vrancic, from the German club SV Darmstadt 98, on a three-year deal. Vrancic joined the Sky Bet Championship side Friday 9 June, for an undisclosed fee. However, German reports claimed a deal was made between the club and Vrancic of approximately £650,000. The midfielder is originally from Bosnia and called his move from Darmstadt, Hesse to home of the Canaries “a big move” for him. He told Norwich City TV he was “very happy to be joining.” “I had a good conversation with the coach and decided very quickly I wanted to be part of Norwich. It’s a good city with a good stadium, so there’s everything you need.”

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the number of goals scored by Norwich newcomer Marley Watkins last season the number of goals scored by Mario Vrancic in the Bundesliga the age Angus Gunn was when he left Norwich City to play for Manchester City

“I’m really happy and very proud to soon be part of Norwich.” This marks Norwich head coach Daniel Farke’s third signing of the summer. Farke said he had “followed Mario’s path for several years.”

He described Vrancic as “a really smart technical player with a brilliant left foot” who will “bring a lot of quality passing and special creativity to the team.” Vrancic scored four goals in 23 Bundesliga appearances for Darmstadt. He said: “In addition to that he’s a really good character and a very nice guy who will fit into Norwich. I’m really looking forward to working with him.” Norwich have also completed the signing of forward Marley Watkins on a free transfer. Watkins will join Norwich after his contract at Barnsley concludes on 1 July and will stay at Carrow Road for three years. Watkins said: “Norwich is a club with ambitions to be in the Premier League so I’m really happy to have made this decision.” Farke described Watkins as having “played brilliantly last season,” and said he was “proven at this level.” He said: “He scored 10 goals and got nine assists, and can play either as a forward or on the wing. He’s physical and a good character who gives us another option in attack.” The Canaries have also signed goalkeeper Angus Gunn, who will return to Norwich next month after playing for Manchester City since 2011. Gunn has been contracted with Norwich on a season-long loan deal. Being only 21 years old, Gunn grew up in Norwich and described coming to Carrow Road “for every home game” since he was “a little boy.” Photo: pittaya, Flickr

INTO UEA girl can Sophie Christian Sports Editor

A former INTO UEA student, Oksana Schlonimskaya, stars in a new video promoting the This Girl Can campaign to international students. This Girl Can is a campaign that celebrates active women participating in sport at all levels. It is funded by the National Lottery and Sport England, who want to help women overcome the fear of judgement that prohibits too many girls and women from joining sport clubs. The video, produced by British University and Colleges Sport (BUCS), is the first of a series highlighting women involved in sport at higher education institutions across the UK. BUCS chose Oksana as the central figure in the video because they were looking for an active international student who could

be the role model for other women studying abroad. She was recommended by a student union officer to have the privilege of staring in the BUCS video. Oksana, a second year Actuarial Science student, first came to the UK to study International Foundation in General Science at INTO UEA. As a student warden, she is still very much involved in life at INTO UEA. She explained the inspiration behind the video, stating: “The video was about me getting into sport, which all started at INTO UEA. “I was really excited to do the video because I love getting involved in different things and I met many amazing people throughout the process – and because I was the star!” In the short film, Oksana explains why she took up swimming and pole fitness – two of the 62 sport societies all UEA and INTO UEA students are entitled to join. “I wanted to be healthier and I wanted to do sports for some time

because it’s so good for the body and the mind. Since it was so easy to join a sport, I was like, okay, I’m going to pick one.” She continued to explain how sport had changed her life. “It has made me stronger physically and mentally, as well as helping to improve my health. It makes me feel really good when I’m practising, so it has made me happy as well. I’ve also made a lot of good friends.”

“I hope it makes a change” Oksana has also competed in the Ziggurat Challenge, UEA’s intramural sports competition, which gave her the opportunity to try a new sport and meet new people every week. “I hope that my video and my story is something lots of different women can relate to and get involved in sports,” Oksana says, “I hope it makes a change.”

Photo: Shayn Mempham


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13th June 2017

Concrete 339  

UEA Concrete Issue 339

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