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Not Just A Pipe Dream

Diamond Wire Saw Cuts with Speed and Precision Entertainment Venue Wall Sawed in Denver

Bulgarian Nuclear Power Plant Dismantling Works

Drilling has never been easier.

Wire Sawing Italian Arch-Gravity Dam

The DM 330 electric drill motor has a 3-speed gearbox and is available in low speed and high speed models. The high speed model is capable of 350/780/1340 rpm under full load and 240/540/930 rpm for the low speed model. The models can accommodate a wide range of drill bits, from 1" - 14" in diameter. The LED indicator shows the load of the machine and makes it possible for the operator to drill at maximum pressure for best performance. The drill motor is equipped with ElgardTM overload protection, SoftstartTM which limits the current for a smoother start and SmartstartTM that reduces speed and simplifies the initial stages of drilling.

HUSQVARNA CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS 17400 West 119th Street • Olathe, Kansas 66061 • T 800-845-1312 • F 800-257-9284 2077 Bond Street • North Bay, Ontario P1B 8J8 • T 800-461-9589 • F 800-728-1907 www.husqvarnacp.com Copyright © 2009 Husqvarna AB (publ.). All rights reserved. Husqvarna is a registered trademark of Husqvarna AB (publ.).

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President’s Page

Douglas H. Walker CSDA President

A

understood, is membership. The amount of information offered and shared

we had hoped. In addition, we are discovering that the cost

by members is invaluable. Members who make the most of this resource

of doing stimulus work has dropped considerably. A national average

already know what can be learned from other members. My feeling is that

shows that stimulus work is coming in 20% under the engineer’s

the best way to tap this resource is to go to the quarterly meetings and the

estimate, where traditionally these jobs would come in 10 to 15% over

annual convention. All meetings are open to anyone who would like to

the engineer’s estimate. So what is a concrete cutting contractor to

attend. It would be great to see more local contractors attend, especially

do? My feeling is that we must focus on what separates our companies

since we move the meetings all around the U.S., just for this reason.

s time goes by, those of us in the construction industry are

The best resource that the CSDA has to offer, yet often the least used or

finding that new stimulus work may not be arriving as fast as

from the rest. CSDA offers many resources to help achieve important goals in these trying times.

Even if attendees do not want to actively take part in the meetings, they provide a great place to listen, observe and learn. These meetings

One main way we can separate ourselves from the competition is by

provide the opportunity to meet contractors from all around the country-

having trained operators. A well-trained employee will complete a job

usually not local competitors. Manufacturer members are in attendance as

more efficiently and with higher standards than an untrained employee.

well. And there is a great deal of knowledge that can be gained by talking

This means less time on the job site and therefore less chance of an injury

and asking questions in an informal environment. A contractor may learn

to the employee or others on site. The CSDA offers a range of classes

how to do a certain job differently or hear about a new saw application

during spring and fall at the Clearwater, Florida, campus of St. Petersburg

that may help on a future job. The amount of information shared is really

College. I know there are costs involved in sending operators to classes, but

unbelievable.

the association also offers classes that can be brought to a site or office.

The amount of materials that CSDA offers to help all of us to have

Whether the decision is made to go to the CSDA classes or provide in-house

trained operators, to become better businessmen and to market our

training, it is all money well spent.

businesses is quite substantial. One way to learn about these resources

Better risk management will lower claims to an insurance company

is to attend a meeting and I invite every reader of this magazine to the

and therefore lower total costs for your company’s insurance premium.

Fall meeting that will be held in Portland, Oregon, in September. The

The CSDA offers its own insurance captive that is focused on all aspects of

exact dates can be found in the calendar section of this issue of Concrete

risk management. Many of us are good cutting contractors, but sometimes

Openings magazine. Trust me when I tell you that attending these meetings

are found lacking in management skills including risk management. The

might be the best decision you have ever made in terms of learning how

captive helps contractors focus on what problems may be present or what

to survive in this tough economy.

forms of risk management are missing. The overall outcome of this is a lower EMR, fewer claims and lower insurance costs.

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concrete openings | 1


Strength That’s Been Tested In the Lab and in the Field

With 50% more strength than standard chain, it’s no wonder more and more professional concrete cutters are switching to FORCE4™. With a full line of guidebar lengths and diamond chain types, that switch is easier than ever. Conversion kits also available. Contact your ICS® representative or call 800.321.1240 for more information. Visit icsbestway.com to learn more about Diamond Chain Technology™, view training videos, and see the full line of ICS products. © 2009 ICS, Blount Inc. All rights reserved. 2 | SEPTEMB ER .09 CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 5

FORCE4™ has been proven to have 1.5 times the tensile strength of standard chains.

Standard


the official magazine of the concrete sawing and drilling association

CSDA OFFICERS President, Doug Walker Atlantic Concrete Cutting, Inc. dwalker@atlanticconcretecutting.com Vice President, Jim Dvoratchek Hard Rock Concrete Cutters, Inc. jimd@hardrockconcretecutters.com Secretary/Treasurer, Judith O’Day Terra Diamond Industrial joday@terradiamond.com

concrete cases

6

Not Just a Pipe Dream Diamond Wire Saw Cuts with Speed and Precision

Past President, Tom Stowell Norton Pro Diamond thomas.stowell@att.net Executive Director, Patrick O’Brien Concrete Sawing & Drilling Association pat@csda.org CSDA BOARD OF DIRECTORS (Terms expiring 2010) Skip Aston Ohio Concrete Sawing & Drilling, Inc. skipaston@ohioconcrete.com Ron Culgin Pro Cut, Inc. rculgin@procompanies.com

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Opening Up the Vault Cutting Contractor Makes a Concrete Withdrawal

Patrick Harris Concrete Renovation, Inc. ptharris@sbcglobal.net Mike Nelson K2 Diamond mike.nelson@k2diamond.com Chris Priest Sanders Saws cpriest@multiquip.com Jack Sondergard Central Concrete Cutting, Inc. jacksondergard@sprynet.com

22

Power Cut CSDA Member Dismantles Nuclear Power Plant Site

CSDA BOARD OF DIRECTORS (Terms expiring 2011) Roger Allen Protech Diamond USA, Inc. roger.allen@protechdiamondusa.com Larry Liddle Diamond Products Limited lliddle@diamondproducts.com Aaron Louisell Diamond Concrete Sawing aaronl@diamondconcretesawing.com Mike Orzechowski DITEQ Corporation mikeo@diteq.com

32

Dam Good Job Cutter Uses Diamond Wire to Prevent Concrete Decay Destroying Dam

Kellie Vazquez Holes Incorporated kvazquez@holesinc.com Kevin Warnecke ICS, Blount Inc. kwarnecke@icsbestway.com

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concrete openings | 3


Concrete Openings Magazine Official Magazine of the Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association Volume 18, Number 3 ISSN: 1093-6483 Concrete Openings magazine is published by O’Brien International, Inc. four times each calendar year in March, June, September and December. Editorial contributions are welcomed and advertisements are encouraged. Please contact the Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association 11001 Danka Way North, Suite 1 Saint Petersburg, Florida 33716 Tel: 727-577-5004 Fax: 727-577-5012 www.csda.org Magazines, newspapers and private individuals are welcome to reproduce, in whole or part, articles published herein provided that acknowledgements are made in the following manner: “Reprinted courtesy of the Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association, Concrete Openings magazine, Issue Date.” No alterations should be made in the text of any article. Publisher Patrick O’Brien Editor Cherryl O’Brien Assistant Editor Russell Hitchen CONCRETE CASES Contributors Rob Ross Rich Gneiser

contents

1

President’s Page

14 Gather Round

Roundtable Discussions Get People Talking

18 2009 IACDS Annual Meeting

Diamond Cutters Gather for the International Association’s 14th Anniversary

26 The Business of Business

Safety: The Universal Language? Literacy and Language Challenges in the Workplace

36 Safety Counts

Air Pressure—It’s More Powerful Than You Think

38

Tech Talk

Concrete Chainsaw Safety: Don’t Forget the Obvious

40 Insurance Corner

Serious Incident Investigation: A General Guide

44 Industry Bits 54 Certified Operator Companies

Tiffany Freeman Boyko Tomov Stefano Bernieri Francesca D’Andrea Editorial Review Committee Les Kuzmick Pat Stepanski

56 New Members 57 Calendar 60 Director’s Dialogue

Ron Van Zee The information and recommendations in this magazine are provided for use by fully qualified, professional personnel. The Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association and the publisher disclaim any responsibility as to their use by readers and shall not be liable for damages arising out of the use of the foregoing information. All bylined articles published in this magazine represent solely the individual opinions of the writers and not necessarily those of the Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association.

Cover Photo: Fort Martin Power Station, Maidsville, West Virginia.

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pipe dream Not Just a

Diamond Wire Saw Cuts with Speed and Precision

U

pon discovering that a giant section of piping was too long to connect to a new stack at a West Virginia power station in April 2009, the general contractor at Fort Martin

Power Station needed someone to modify the pipe, and quickly. When CSDA cutting contractor Accurate Pro-Cut, of Parkersburg, West Virginia, was approached to cut the pipe to the required specifications, they knew of an ideal way to make this cut, with great precision and in only a few days. Fort Martin Power Station is owned and operated by Allegheny Energy Supply Company, a subsidiary of electricity utility Allegheny Energy. The power station has a generating capacity of 1,107 megawatts of electricity and is located in Maidsville, West Virginia. The generating facility operates 24 hours a day, using coal to generate electricity and deliver low-cost, reliable electric service to over 1.5 million customers in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland and Virginia. In order to turn coal into kilowatts, the coal must be placed into a grinder to produce a fine powder. This powder is then blown into Fort Martin Power Station, Maidsville, West Virginia.

a furnace area inside a large boiler, where the coal burns much like a gas. Purified water is circulated through steel tubing inside the boiler, which can be as tall as a 23-story building, and the intense heat of the furnace—approximately 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit—boils the water and turns it to steam. The steam is then piped at high pressures, around 3,600 psi, to a turbine, where it spins giant, fan-like blades connected to a

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C ON C RETE

C A SES

The 25-foot-diameter resin pipe had to be shortened by 4 feet.

shaft. The revolving shaft turns a generator, where magnets spinning inside a coil of wire produce the electricity.

Getting the equipment to the work area was achieved by crane and this proved to be a job in itself, taking a 10-hour day to accomplish. In

The new stack at the power station needed to be connected to an

addition, on the first day of this project, the 4-foot section of the pipe

existing 3-inch-thick fiberglass resin pipe, with an outside diameter of

that would be cut and removed, was rigged by crane before cutting

25 feet. However, the pipe was found to be too long to make the nec-

commenced, to alleviate pressure during the cutting process.

essary connection to the stack. General contractor Washington Group

Operators had to ensure that enough wire was on hand, given the

International was contracted to shorten the pipe by 4 feet to accommo-

wear that was anticipated when cutting dry. The wire would have to

date an existing custom-fit resin flange that would connect the pipe to

be carefully monitored for wear and correct tensioning. Any breaks in

the new stack. “Because we had been on this work site the week before,

the wire or any adjustments would need to be made quickly and safely.

core drilling 1,440 holes through the flanges of the pipe readying it for the connection,” said Nick Ledford, site supervisor for Accurate Pro-Cut, “we were in the right place at the right time to help Washington over their next hurdle. Our good working relationship with them probably did not hurt either,” he added. Hand sawing the pipe was considered, but with time and precision being extremely important factors, it was much more feasible to employ wire sawing. The general contractor had also considered the construction of a replacement pipe, but the time and associated costs involved with this alternative were far more expensive than having the existing pipe shortened. Accurate’s plan was to perform two cuts to shorten the pipe to the desired length so that it would fit into the stack. Accurate had to set up its wire saw equipment on and around the pipe, working at approximately 165 feet in the air. Any breaks in the wire or any adjustments that would have to be made would require the team to navigate across a 10-foot-wide I-beam to gain access to the work area. Only one wire saw setup was required, so the cutting team did not have to worry about moving the saw during the course of the project. Special care was taken to make sure the operators were tied off at all times to prevent falls.

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A new stack was being installed to continue production of coal-powered electricity at the plant.

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The wire sawing setup consisted of a Diamond Products WS25 wire saw, CBN65 hydraulic power unit and 10-millimeter-diameter electroplated wire. It was believed that 100 feet of wire would be sufficient to perform the cuts. Roller wheels were removed and mounted to a 12-inch I-beam with 0.5-inch bolts, c-clamps and ratchet straps for added security. The operators wrapped the wire around the pipe at the cut line using no additional wheels or brackets, and ran the wire counter clockwise, pulling the wire in their direction. It took a 10-hour day to complete the first cut. On completion of the first cut, operators discovered that the lack of water had caused excessive wear to the wire and the diamonds, so an additional 100 feet was shipped to site to be ready for the next day of cutting. Equipped with additional diamond wire, the cutting team returned on the second day of the project to complete the second cut and demobilize. This time, the cutting and dismantling of the equipment took just eight hours. The remaining section of the pipe was secured in place with an existing frame and bolts. Accurate did not go completely without water on the job site. The team had to deal with rain and high winds on their work platform at 165 feet, so took extra care to be properly tied off to prevent falls. The elements and the predetermined water restrictions were not the only challenges encountered by the Accurate operators. The material being cut was fiberglass, not concrete. The dust and Diamond wire sawing was the ideal application for this project, requiring two days of cutting.

debris created when cutting fiberglass, although minimal in comparison to other materials, was a major concern and many steps were taken to

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After the cuts were complete, the 4-foot section of pipe was craned from the work area.

ensure operator safety. The basis of textile-grade glass fibers is silica, a quartz crystalline material that can cause serious illness if it is inhaled

Company Profile

and penetrates deep into the lungs. Exposure to silica dust can increase

Accurate Pro-Cut has been a CSDA member since 2004.

when dry cutting. All required Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) was

Based in Parkersburg, West Virginia, the company has

provided, including harnesses and eye protection and masks.

seven trucks and nine employees. Accurate Pro-Cut offers

In total, Accurate Pro-Cut wired sawed the entire 78.5-foot circumference of the fiberglass resin pipe over just two days of cutting.

services such as wall sawing, slab sawing, core drilling, wire sawing and ground penetrating radar.

The job was completed on time and under budget. In fact, the whole process was so fast that the job was priced and awarded on a Wednesday and completed on Saturday. The sheer speed of wire sawing was a great advantage for this cutting contractor and proved that jobs can be completed not only with speed, but with great precision.

Resources

General Contractor: Washington Group International Sawing and Drilling Contractor: Accurate Pro-Cut Parkersburg, West Virginia Phone: 304-428-1937 Email: accuratepro-cut@suddenlink.net

REVIEW AND COMMENT ON THIS ARTICLE AT: WWW.concreteopenings.com/FORUM.CFM

Methods Used: Wire Sawing

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Cutting Contractor Makes a

Concrete Withdrawal

P

eople often associate vaults with banks. They imagine vaults filled with piles of bank notes or stacks of gold bullion. In this instance, however, “The Vault” is the name given to a 28,000 square-foot luxury warehouse and exclusive entertainment center in Denver, Colorado that has been converted from an existing, heavily-armored building. Some of the more interesting features of The Vault include an

exotic/antique car showroom and storage area, wine vault, cigar humidor, shooting range and gun vault, simulated golf driving range, game hall with pool and poker tables, video arcade and archery range. Also planned is a workout room and shower, bar and lounge, a DJ booth and dance floor, dining area and full service catering kitchen. The warehouse is located within two miles of downtown Denver and close to Invesco Field and the Pepsi Center and it is hoped that The Vault might become a destination, high-energy night club, in its own right, when completed. In order to accommodate the proposed bar and lounge areas, two concrete slabs of 6-inch-thick suspended ceiling had to be removed to raise the ceiling. One slab measured 12 feet by 12 feet and the second measured 14 feet by 15 feet. The combined weight of the slabs was 11,000 pounds. The general contractor, Vintage Builders of Boulder, Colorado, enlisted the help of CSDA member DeAndrea Coring & Sawing, Inc., to perform the necessary cutting work. “We have acquired a reputation for being able to handle specialized cutting and coring projects and were excited to be a part of this one.” said Rich Gneiser, field supervisor for DeAndrea. DeAndrea faced several constraints on this project. The ceiling

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An artist’s impression of the finished décor around the vault door.


slab was part of a mezzanine that had an existing wooden sub-floor above it which the general contractor did not want to remove, as it had been earmarked for later use in the renovation. In addition, on the sides of the ceiling slab were block walls which allowed for only 6 inches of access for both operators and equipment upon completion of the cuts. This proved to be very limited access. Last, workers had to perform their tasks while making sure not to scratch the $100,000 vault door that was in the room. One of the most challenging aspects of this project was the positioning of the wall saw as it had to be mounted upside-down from the slab ceiling. As always, the correct and safe mounting of the sawing

Access through the wooden flooring above the slabs was severely restricted for removal by crane.

equipment was critical, but the angle and force of gravity, coupled with the tight cutting area made this process all the more difficult. DeAndrea used 0.5-inch drop-in anchors, 4 inches deep into the slabs, to secure the saw. DeAndrea’s other main challenge was the picking of the 11,000pound sections of concrete without pinches between the slab or the chains, and the secure lowering of these sections. The restriction of space and maneuverability in the work area was also a hindrance to the team, and the length of time taken to lower and remove the cut concrete slabs was prolonged as the entire room had to be cleared of all equipment and personnel before proceeding. However, a detailed plan for the cutting and removal of the ceiling slabs was developed and reviewed by all workers to insure the safe cutting and removal of these massive slabs. The first task on this project was to measure and remove sections of the wooden sub-floor in order to core drill the required picking holes from above the suspended slab ceiling. This was the only area of wood floor that was cut. Next, the two concrete slabs were shored up in preparation for the cuts. Operators then wall sawed the perimeter of the sections, 6 inches in from the walls. The cutting of each slab took two, 8-hour shifts to complete and consisted of four cuts. The next stage of the project involved a 90-ton crane, which was employed for the picking and removing of the concrete sections. The crane was positioned on the exterior of the building, requiring a lane of traffic to be closed. Everyone involved in the lifting and lowering process attended a one-hour safety meeting to clarify all aspects of this part of

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The slabs were lifted and lowered by a 90-ton crane outside the building via cabling and picking holes.

concrete openings | 1 1


The track saw was mounted upside down with a 6-inch perimeter for the cuts.

The slabs were cut into smaller pieces that could be easily removed from the room.

the operation before commencement. Holes were made in the roof for

cutting team then returned to break off and remove the remaining

the lifting cables, then the crane operator lowered the two lines down

6-inch-thick concrete ledge around the perimeter of the room using

through the holes made in the roof, where another operator attached

large chipping hammers. The breaking and hauling of the cut sections

the looping cables to the crane. The first cut section of the suspended

and remaining perimeter took seven hours to complete.

concrete slab ceiling was then attached and lifted approximately 8 to 12

In total, the contractor slab sawed 106 feet of 6-inch-thick concrete,

inches, so that the shoring could be removed from underneath. Once all

core drilled eight 4-inch-diameter holes in the 6-inch slabs and broke

operators and equipment were clear, the slab was carefully lowered to

and hauled approximately 350 square feet of concrete. The job was

the floor over two hours, after which the whole process was repeated

completed in five days, as per the general contractor’s specifications

for the other, larger slab.

and DeAndrea’s estimate, and within budget.

The cutting team used a Diamond Products 1,600 radial arm wall

Following this complex withdrawal from DeAndrea, The Vault is

saw with a 24-inch-diameter, 3-part sandwich segment saw blade.

now open for someone to make a deposit and own this unique 2-story

A Diamond Tech 110-volt, 4-speed core drill was used with a 4-inch

property to store their valuables and provide high-end entertainment

Diamond Products core bit to create the picking holes, while a 90-ton

to guests.

link belt mobile crane was employed to lower the cut sections to the REVIEW AND COMMENT ON THIS ARTICLE AT: WWW.concreteopenings.com/FORUM.CFM

vault floor. A skidsteer was used to transfer the slabs outside of the vault building, where the concrete was broken up and removed from the site. The Company Profile

DeAndrea Coring & Sawing, Inc. has been a long-standing member of CSDA, joining the association in 1973. Based in Henderson, Colorado, the company has 14 trucks and 20 employees. The contractor offers services that include slab sawing, wall sawing, wire sawing, hand sawing, core drilling, grinding and selective demolition. In addition, the company offers the specialist service of ground penetrating radar. Resources

General Contractor: Vintage Builders Sawing and Drilling Contractor: DeAndrea Coring & Sawing, Inc. Henderson, Colorado Phone: 303-422-3885 Email: info@deandreacoring.com Website: www.deandreacoring.com Methods Used: Slab Sawing, Core Drilling, Selective Demolition 11,000 pounds of concrete slab ceiling was carefully lowered to the vault floor before breaking and hauling.

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LEARN MORE AT WESTERNSAW.COM/SILENT

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Roundtable Discussions Get People Talking he business world is constantly looking for new ways for people to meet, interact and discuss pertinent topics. From the traditional business meeting to telephone conference calls, brainstorming sessions and more recently, web-based meetings via webcam, there is a continuing need to have people discuss views and ideas. One format that has proven to be successful for members of the Concrete Sawing & Drilling Association (CSDA) in this quest is the roundtable. This type of setup allows all participants the opportunity to express their ideas and opinions in a structured, yet informal manner. A roundtable discussion format is ideal for those who may not usually speak up during meetings but who may feel as though they have worthwhile points to make. The layout of a traditional board room meeting can often be quite intimidating, whereas a roundtable layout can provide a much more informal atmosphere for participants. The chance to sit with peers and discuss a series of topics informally can provide those who often remain silent with a newfound confidence. Meanwhile, roundtables are overseen and moderated in order to keep discussions on topic and moderators can help provide guidance if needed. For those who are unfamiliar with the idea of a roundtable discussion, the format is relatively simple. Participants sit at a table and discuss a series of predetermined topics for a set amount of time. At the end of each time period, a spokesperson from the table gives a summary of the pertinent points raised, to the rest of the room. If attendance is large and multiple tables are filled, moderators can be assigned to ensure discussions remain on topic and that each table has an opportunity to share the results of their discussions.

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CSDA has found that roundtables are a great way of gleaning information from members and non-members alike. The sharing of knowledge and ideas has proven to be invaluable for all involved. One CSDA member who has experienced the benefits of roundtable discussions is Morgan Steiner of Viking Concrete Cutting, Inc. of Klamath Falls, Oregon. In 1994, Steiner moved his concrete sawing business from Southern California to Southern Oregon, an area east of the Cascade mountain range, with an elevation of over 4,000 feet. One of the biggest changes he encountered was the change in climate and the effects this change had on his operators, equipment and cutting operations. Operating concrete cutting and coring equipment in a geographic area that experiences below-freezing temperatures, several months of the year, has many challenges. Relocating any company is a challenge, but relocating one to a different climate is another matter. Steiner attended a CSDA roundtable, and during the discussions learned a great deal from other contractors. More importantly, he found an opportunity to meet people in the industry who have firsthand knowledge about the challenges faced while cutting concrete in cold climates. In talking to fellow contractors from areas like New Jersey, Chicago and Canada, Steiner was able to get a lot of ideas about sawing in a cold environment. Tips included parking trucks inside in warmer garages, draining

water from equipment, rolling and storing hoses in cabs of vehicles and bypassing water systems in saws. Steiner was also given useful information on employee comfort and safety, and how to deal with the changeable weather conditions while traveling to and from the job site. “To be able to talk to people who are in this industry and to exchange ideas with them was incredibly beneficial to me, and helped me greatly when I moved the company,” said Steiner. CSDA has held three roundtables during 2009. Discussions on the topics of slurry recycling, risk management and different methods of billing cutting services attracted many CSDA members and other industry professionals keen to learn more about those subjects and the discussions were quite in-depth. The proceedings from all three roundtables have been transcribed and are available for review, another benefit of being part of the association and actively taking part in these events. “Roundtables provide attendees with a great format to share information and learn from the knowledge and experiences of others,” said CSDA executive director Pat O’Brien. “The association is extremely pleased with both the attendance and outcomes of these discussions,” he added. 2009 CSDA Roundtables Sustainable green building construction is a very hot subject. The purpose of the Slurry Recycling roundtable was to share collective experiences on the topics of concrete slurry containment and recycling, including individual state regulations; knowledge of acceptable pH levels for waste materials; the understanding of what constitutes a Spill Prevention Control


and Countermeasure (SPCC) and the implementation of a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP). The general response from participants suggests that the control and safe disposal of slurry and other waste materials can be handled in differing ways depending on the individual regulations enforced by each state in the U.S. or governing body. Several states have imposed tight regulations with expensive fines for those contractors who do not adhere to them. However, the environmentally-safe disposal of slurry and other waste materials is not as strict in other states, but contractors in more looselyregulated states are bracing themselves for similar levels of control in the near future. For those who are already under tight state regulations, the containment, transportation and disposal of slurry is an expensive, but necessary, part of the work routine. Many feel that before too long there will be nationwide regulations in place, requiring compliance from all companies in the sawing and drilling industry.

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Several contractors within CSDA have been working with companies to separate and reuse water mixed with slurry, saving on water consumption and reducing the amount of waste material produced. Other companies provide the means to return alkaline-rich slurry water to a neutral pH 7 so that it can be disposed of safely, another important factor that governing agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency are keen to enforce. The requirements for documentation such as SPCC or SWPPP were also discussed, and some attendees told of their experiences of being fined for not having such a plan in place on the job site. The sharing of this kind of information with fellow industry professionals, about the positive or negative aspects of various kinds of regulations, greatly enhances the value of participation in roundtables. Discussions during the Risk Management roundtable focused on issues like hiring requirements, training of employees and attitudes toward insurance claims, with emphasis on the promotion of positive attitudes towards all aspects of safety.

Embracing risk management strategies will result in long-term claim cost reductions of companies by incorporating industry-specific loss-reduction techniques in conjunction with aggressive claims management procedures. Contractors discussed how their approach to risk begins during the hiring process with procedures that require physical exams, drug screenings, driver’s license reviews and employment history checks. Some employers use third-party contractors to carry out a series of background checks on a potential employee. All agreed that ensuring the right person is chosen to fill a position is paramount to instilling a good sense of safety in the workplace. In addition, in order to maintain a safe working environment, some contractors have put incentives in place so that operators adhere to safety guidelines and avoid accidents and injuries. Others take advantage of the Toolbox Safety Tips, provided by CSDA, to educate operators and to keep them ever vigilant of potential hazards. The issue of insurance claims brought about some lively debate, and elicited many

concrete openings | 1 5


Did You Know? CSDA Roundtables In recent years, CSDA has held 17 roundtable discussions. They are:

2004 • The Value of Training • The Future of Information Technology in Concrete Cutting Companies • Safety Adds to the Bottom Line

2005 • Safe Work Practices for Contractors • Building Solid Working Relationships with Specifiers • CSDA Membership Benefits

2006 • Wire Sawing: Tips and Techniques • Highway Safety for Concrete Cutters

2007 • Adding Selective Demolition and Removal Services • Contract Language, Exclusions, Legal Protection and Coverages • How to Avoid Buried Hazards • How to Get Politically Active

2008 • Securing Your Business Future with Business Succession • Hydraulic or Hi-Cycle: Which Best Fits Your Company’s Needs?

2009 • Different Methods of Billing Cutting Services • Risk Management • Slurry Recycling

Transcripts for all of these discussions are available to view and/or download via the Members section of the CSDA website. www.csda.org

1 6 | SEPTE MBER .09

anecdotes about how certain situations can quickly escalate and greatly affect a company’s bottom line. Contractors felt that stressing the importance of an operator’s health and well-being is an excellent way of showing employees how valued they are. Hopefully, this leads to a mutual respect between employer and employee, a relationship that can be critical if an employee files a medical claim. Another recurring theme was training and the importance of having a structured training program to ensure a high level of operator safety. Contractors explained how participation in the CSDA training program has proven to be an excellent way of achieving a high level of safety throughout a company. “If you have the CSDA certification process in place, where your employees go through 101 and 201 levels of training and then achieve certification, that really makes an impression,” said Susan Hollingsworth of Holes Incorporated. “It’s not you saying your operators are qualified. It’s a professional body saying that they have addressed operational issues, they’ve addressed safety, they’ve addressed proper equipment usage. And your operator has participated in training and has the knowledge to go forward.” A roundtable entitled Different Methods of Billing Cutting Services was held to discuss how cutting contractors handle billing. Participants offered ideas and opinions on issues such as the pros and cons of various billing methods, how quotes are broken down to show job-specific requirements and how the introduction of online billing has affected business. This roundtable provided an insight into how estimators approach their jobs and what methods work best for developing estimates depending on the size and complexity of the cutting work. Moderators asked participants to look at how they are currently billing work and determine whether that method is the best suited for producing an accurate cost breakdown for the work being bid. Contractors agreed that a strong focus on accuracy, serious attention to detail, foresight of potential additional costs and a high degree of openness and honesty with the client are traits of good

estimators. Whether basing an estimate on a fixed, lump sum, unit, cost-plus or hourly price, an estimator should consider all of these factors to ensure the bid is developed correctly. Online billing was a topic that received mixed reviews. While some contractors have embraced the idea of online invoicing and billing, others still feel that the tangibility or reliability associated with physically having the paperwork in-hand is not ready to be replaced yet. However, all were in agreement that the speed and increased ease of dealing with electronic payments could not be ignored. “Anything that gets paid faster, quicker, we’ll take it. If somebody wants to pay with a credit card, great, but anything that speeds up the invoicing, billing and collection process is a good thing, because sometimes time spent on those activities are just a waste,” said Jeremy Martin of Hilti. Roundtable discussions provide something that other types of meetings or formal documents cannot—real life

“To be able to talk to people who are in this industry and to exchange ideas with them was incredibly beneficial to me and helped me greatly when I moved the company” accounts. Participants can choose to enter into the discussions or sit still and listen but either way, they get the opportunity to hear what their peers think about given subjects. Communication, particularly between people of similar circumstances, is key. The thoughts and ideas shared during these discussions do not just help CSDA or its members, but the sawing and drilling industry as a whole. A lot can be learned when you get people talking. CSDA members have the benefit of viewing or downloading all three of the 2009 roundtable transcripts via the Members section of the CSDA website; however the Slurry Recycling roundtable is available to all via the CSDA homepage. For more information on CSDA roundtables, contact the CSDA office at 727-577-5004 or email info@csda.org.


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2009

IACDS Annual Meeting Diamond Cutters Gather for the International Association’s 14th Anniversary

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he 2009 annual meeting for the International Association of Concrete Drillers and Sawers (IACDS) was held June 4–6 in Dublin, Ireland. The international association is now in its fifteenth year, and continues to be a fantastic way for national associations to meet and share their combined knowledge of the industry, while learning new ways to continue their growth and prosperity. The 2009 meeting was no different.

In attendance were 31 representatives from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. Included in this number was Boyko Tomov of Enemona SA, a new representative from Bulgaria. The goal is to eventually have a Bulgarian association in place to represent concrete cutting contractors from the country. Encouragement can be taken from the progress made by other national associations like AEDT of Spain, which was

in the same position just a few years ago. Two technical presentations were made by CSDA lead trainer, Rick Norland. The first presentation Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR): Real Time Non-Destructive Testing was of particular interest to the Europeans, as this technology has not been available for them to use and expand their businesses. The second presentation Advanced Wire Sawing Methods was also very well received and provided great insight. A portion of the meeting was held at the Diamond Innovations saw diamond manufacturing

Front row, left to right: Donat Fritsch, Hans Georg Wagener, Daniel Trachsel, Alain Dupont, Peter White, Patrick O’Brien, Norikazu Shibuya, William Lee, Antonio Zerolo, Carl-Johan Bendefors, Andrei Bushmarin Middle Row, left to right: Alfred Landl, John Stallman, Jose Blanco, Martin Braun, Boyko Tomov, Anders Andersson, Rick Norland Back Row, left to right: Martin Godickemeier, Dietmar Wirthgen, Martin Jennings, Mario Bierfreund

1 8 | SEPTE M BER .09


plant in Clonshaugh, Dublin. IACDS members received a plant tour and market presentation as part of their visit. The Diamond Award competition continues to be popular with cutting contractors, and the 2009 award ceremony— held in Las Vegas during World of Concrete—was attended by healthy numbers of press and the general public. The next competition will open in 2010 so contractors from all corners of the globe should be ready to document and photograph their most unique and challenging jobs over the next year to have a chance of winning. During the meeting, IACDS continued discussions as to how it can allow representatives without a formal national association to play a more active leadership role in the international association. In connection with this development, representatives are formalizing the election process to have delegates prepare their suggestions for future leaders of IACDS in advance of the meeting. Marketing of IACDS around the globe also continues to be a focal point for members. Advancements have been made with the website while the campaign to keep trade publications advised of IACDS events and accomplishments remains strong. The chosen venue of Dublin, Ireland, was quite fitting, as it marked the end of the second term for the current IACDS president, Patrick O’Brien. “It has been my pleasure to serve as president. The association can be proud of the achievements that have been recorded, as they have helped move the international representation of concrete cutting contractors to the next level,” he said. O’Brien will now make way for the incoming president, Peter White of the U.K. Drilling and Sawing Association. Elected as vice presidents were Jose Blanco of Spain and Norikazu Shibuya of Japan. Representatives from each country presented a series of financial reports and summaries for their respective associations, with many associations presently suffering as

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a result of the difficult economic conditions. It was noted that Germany currently has the most contractor members with 532. Those contractors who join the German association can reduce the social tariff levied by the government and this fact has contributed

to strong membership growth. It was also reported that diamond tool production in Japan is down 51%, a trend that will hopefully reverse as signs of economic recovery emerge. Since its inception in 1995, IACDS has taken great strides to advance the industry throughout the world. Technical documents have been produced providing extremely useful information on Basic Parameters for Concrete Drilling and Sawing Equipment and Tolerances and Limits for Construction Sawing and Drilling that can assist concrete cutters in their day-to-day work. Both of these documents can be found on the IACDS website (www.iacds.org), in the CSDA Resource Guide, mailed with the June issue of Concrete Openings, or via the Members section of the CSDA website (www.csda.org). These

documents are also available to members of other national associations in electronic and/ or paper copies. Other programs that IACDS has launched are now becoming more recognized in the international community. The project to collect worldwide market data for sawing and drilling contractors continues to improve each year with data coming from more countries and more credible market data being submitted. Plus, the results showing over 10,000 worldwide contracting firms is being requested and utilized by trade publications and manufacturers. An emerging project for IACDS is a formal program to educate specifiers at university level about the benefits and capabilities of sawing and drilling. In addition, the association is investigating the establishment of insurance coverage for sawing and drilling contractors. The next IACDS meeting will be held in Austria in conjunction with the April 1925, 2010 Bauma exhibition in Munich, Germany. Discussion was held about a follow-up to this year’s GPR presentation at the meeting, with demonstrations from manufacturers, followed by a full day meeting on Monday, April 26 in Salzburg. For more information, visit www.iacds.org. The International Association of Concrete Drillers & Sawers is an international trade association of sawing and drilling associations from the concrete construction and renovation industry. Its mission is to provide an international union and cooperation of trade associations to support and promote professional development of professional sawing and drilling contractors and their methods. This umbrella organization of sawing and drilling associations formed in 1995 is composed of the associations from Australia, Austria, Germany, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.

concrete openings | 1 9


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Convention and Tech Fair March 4-6, 2010

2010 Convention Agenda Tuesday, March 2 Wednesday, March 3 Thursday, March 4 Friday, March 5 Saturday, March 6

Committee Meetings and Estimating Training Course Board Meeting, Golf Tournament and Estimating Training Course Opening Session, Presentations and President’s Reception Roundtables and Tech Fair Presentations, Annual Business Meeting and Gala

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CSDA Member Dismantles Nuclear Power Plant Site

Power Cut O

CSDA Member Dismantles Nuclear Power Plant Site

n April 8, 2005, the Bulgarian Council of Ministers approved the construction of two 1,000-megawatt nuclear power units with pressurized water reactors at a site located near the town of Belene, Bulgaria. Following this decision the National Electric Company (NEK) began a selection procedure for contractors to participate in the engineering, construction and commissioning of Belene Nuclear Power Plant units 1 and 2, in compliance with the Public Procurement Act. On November 29, 2006, NEK signed an agreement with the Russian company Atomstroyexport to take up the role of general contractor.

CSDA member Enemona SA of Kozloduy, Bulgaria, was approached by the general contractor to carry out 10% of the cutting and demolition work. Boyko Tomov, vice director of marketing and development says, “We were selected by Atomstroyexport as a subcontractor for this project because of our equipment base and our experienced and skilled operators.” Tomov continued, “The company has done many projects for the general contractor at the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, and has a reputation for being both efficient and reliable.” Enemona signed a contract with Atomstroyexport in 2008 to perform some of the dismantling work. So far, the completed activities have included the dismantling of heavy reinforced concrete; dismantling of

The proposed site for the two new units contained structures

machines, equipment, tanks and containers; dismantling of reinforced

and components of an earlier nuclear power plant project, including

concrete and metal structures; crushing and disposing of waste materials

circulation pipelines, ballast mats for two power units, a 13.2-meter-tall

and rehabilitation of the environment.

reactor building, diesel generator cubicles and the support structure of the turbine hall.

The areas of the site being dismantled by the cutting team include the reactor building, diesel generator stations, sprinkler pools, an

The preliminary activities at the Belene Nuclear Power Plant included

auxiliary building, turbine hall, trestles and cable tunnels, administration

the removal of all the existing structures that could not be integrated

area buildings and the water treatment plant. In addition to the

into the new project. All structures relating to the nuclear safety of the

dismantling work, excavation work and erection of temporary pathways

new power plant will be built anew. Some existing structures will be

and work areas have been completed.

renovated and integrated into the new construction. Over the course

Enemona chose diamond wire sawing for the dismantling of the

of a few months, however, 8,780 tons of metal structures and 150,298

reinforced concrete structures at the plant for many reasons. Wire

cubic meters of concrete and reinforced concrete structures required

sawing provides reduced levels of noise, dust and debris. In addition,

dismantling and removal. In addition, 150,923 cubic meters of soil

the structural integrity of the ballast mats under the foundation could

needed to be excavated.

be maintained. Wire sawing units are also relatively easy to set up,

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t

C ON C RETE

C A SES

Left: Belene Nuclear Power Plant site, Bulgaria, December 2008.

CSDA member Enemona has core drilled nearly 1,500 holes at the site.

Diamond wire has been used to cut and dismantle several areas of the plant.

use, dismantle and move, so the risk of accidents to the operators as

Hilti and Tyrolit bits for the placement of the wire. Extension heads for

well as to the equipment could be minimized. All of these factors were

the bits were connected once the core drilling progressed to allow for

welcomed by the general contractor who wanted to keep the ecological

larger sections of concrete to be removed.

impact of the work to a minimum while preserving the surrounding environment.

The rigging material for the concrete blocks was specially designed, depending on the block weight while the location of the cranes on site

Alternative methods had been considered, but none of these

was determined in accordance with the design and load specifications

alternatives were attractive. The area of concrete that needed to

set by the general contractor. Cut blocks were transported to a storage

be cut and the height of much of it, as well as the fact that it was

area via loading platforms with a loading capacity up to 150 tons. Once

heavily reinforced, made wall sawing an expensive and difficult, if not

at the storage area, the blocks were then crushed into smaller pieces to

impossible, option. Detonation was not feasible, as the ballast mats

be processed into a by-product.

under the foundations needed to be preserved.

Another element of the concrete cutting work that had to be

Prior to the job commencing, much planning and preparation went

addressed from the start was the quantity of water used and slurry

into the project. All operators were made familiar with the work and

created during cutting. Cores were removed and placed in containers

the project at large. Operators were trained in the possible hazards of

especially provided for this purpose and the slurry was cleaned up on

wire sawing, in working with and removing inordinately heavy pieces

a daily basis. The proper disposal of waste water was an important

of concrete and in working on the Belene Nuclear Power Plant site.

issue and an appropriate water drain system was assembled for each

Engineering documents and as-built drawings relating to the site (and

area. Waste water was filtered and treated, then disposed of into the

archives) were provided and reviewed. Quality plans, installation and

sewage system. The water quality was monitored by the Regional Health

dismantling logs and other documents were compiled in compliance

Protection and Monitoring Agency.

with ISO 9001/2000 standards.

The operators also had to contend with the cold Bulgarian winters,

All required equipment for contract implementation was specified

but they were well prepared. Workers developed an hourly cleaning

and delivered to the site, including heavy duty equipment like 350- and

schedule of equipment with a steam jet machine and they erected a

500-ton cranes to remove the cut sections. Cabling and piping structures

temporary structure to cover and insulate the water tanks. Internal

were put into place for the temporary supply of water, air pressure and

temperature of this “house� was maintained by a sensor and air heater.

lighting. Other protective measures included the building of safety

At the end of the working day, all equipment was removed, all water

features like fencing, railings and temporary pathways to keep other

from collectors and hoses was drained and everything was stored in the

site workers a safe distance from the cutting and demolition areas.

structure. In addition, the work site was sprinkled with sand to guard

A major part of the planning of this project included the planning

against the workers slipping in icy conditions.

for the rigging and removal of the cut sections of concrete. The weight

Another issue on this job, as on any wire sawing job, was the

of the cut sections varied from 10 to 100 tons. At the start of the cutting,

possibility of the wire breaking during the cutting process. Enemona was

several teams core drilled the vertical and horizontal openings using

vigilant in training and monitoring operators in how to be aware and

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concrete openings | 2 3


prepare for possible breaks in the wire. As an extra safety precaution, screens were placed around each machine to protect operators in case any wire would break. Wooden troughs were also placed over the cuts, to limit water loss and help the cooling of the wire. The provision and use of required personal protective equipment like hard hats, belts, shoes and eye and ear protection was closely monitored. A range of equipment was used at the Belene site, including Tyrolit-SB and Hilti DS-WS 15 saws and Hilti-DD 200, 250, 350 and 500 core drills. Other hammers, wedges and crabs for breaking and cutting of the concrete and reinforcement were also used.

Large concrete blocks were removed from the work area by 350- and 500-ton cranes.

The statistics for this project to date are as follows: Description Cut-off surface

Meters / (Feet) 3,442 m² (37,049 ft²)

for the engineering and administrative elements of the work. As work on the project is ongoing, additional statistics from the job will be

Holes Cored (with core diameters of 52- 62- 162-mm)

1,484

Linear meters drilled (52-mm / 2-inch diameter bit)

1,629 m (5,344 feet)

Linear meters drilled (62-mm / 2.5-inch diameter bit)

The cutting team has consisted of 87 operators and workers divided into three shifts per day, while 13 staff members have been responsible

developed. “This is a challenging project for Enemona, working on an open site in difficult weather conditions,” says Tomov. “The team has completed a significant amount of concrete coring and cutting and transporting of

216 m (709 feet)

blocks and materials in a short amount of time with a restricted number of personnel. It has provided valuable experience that will be helpful when approaching similar projects in the future,” Tomov concluded.

Linear meters drilled (162-mm / 6.5-inch diameter bit)

558 m (1,831 feet)

Blocks cut and removed

4,636 m3 (163,719 ft3)

Length of Wire Used

2,850 m (9,350 feet)

Concrete Crushed for Recycling

6,300 m3 (222,482 ft3)

The Bulgarian cutting contractor has used the distinct advantage of knowing how to use diamond wire sawing to complete a project with a high degree of accuracy in a relatively small amount of time and to the satisfaction of the general contractor. REVIEW AND COMMENT ON THIS ARTICLE AT: WWW.concreteopenings.com/FORUM.CFM

Company Profile

Enemona SA has been a member of CSDA since 2007. The company head office is based in Kozloduy, Bulgaria, with several branches in Sofia and other parts of the country, employing over 3,000 people. The company offers engineering and construction services including slab sawing, wall sawing, wire sawing, hand sawing, core drilling, grinding and selective demolition. Resources

General Contractor: Atomstroyexport Sawing and Drilling Contractor: Enemona SA Kozloduy, Bulgaria Phone: 359-9 738 5465 Email: b.tomov@enemona.com Website: www.enemona.com Methods Used: Wire Sawing, Slab Sawing, Core Drilling, Selective Demolition Cut sections were secured with cable clamp lifting devices for removal.

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concrete openings | 2 5


The Business of Business

Safety: The Universal Language? Literacy and Language Challenges in the Workplace By Mark A. Lies II and Elizabeth Leifel Ash

A

s the American “melting pot” becomes increasingly diversified, employers face inevitable issues related to language in the workplace. Employers can no longer assume that qualified

workers speak or write English. Employers who hire workers that do not speak English are obligated to ensure that all employees, regardless of their linguistic background, receive and comprehend safety-related training. For employers whose supervisors only speak English, the requirements set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) can present unique challenges. This article outlines OSHA’s policies with respect to training non-English-speaking employees, and offers recommendations for employers in assuring that all employees are adequately trained to work safely.

OSHA’s Training Requirements Numerous OSHA standards, from lockout/tagout to forklift operation and bloodborne pathogens to hazard communication, require employers to train or instruct employees in some way. OSHA generally treats its training requirements as performance-based, meaning that OSHA defers to each individual employer to fashion the most effective manner to accomplish the goal of the standard. For that reason, none of OSHA’s training standards require employers to use particular documents, teaching methods or language to train employees. Instead, OSHA requires employers to present information in a manner that employees are capable of understanding. For example, if an employee is not literate, the employer does not satisfy OSHA training requirements merely by telling the employee to read training materials or review safety programs. Likewise, if an employee does not speak, read or understand English, training must be provided in a language the employee understands. OSHA has tasked each of its inspectors with the duty to determine whether the training provided by an employer satisfies the intent of the Standard—whether employees receiving the training have actually understood the content. Obviously, this is a highly subjective exercise. One way that an OSHA inspector will make this evaluation is to interview employees. These interviews may or may not take place in the presence of a management representative. Many OSHA inspectors are bilingual, speaking both in English and Spanish, and those who are not may request another employee to act as an interpreter to translate during

2 6 | SEPTE MB ER .09

an employee interview. Translation issues can present potential bias problems during employee interviews, whether the interpreter is another employee, a management representative or an OSHA official. For this reason, employers must ensure that employees understand their right to have a management representative present during the interview. Employers may also consider requesting that a neutral thirdparty act as interpreter during the employee interview, particularly if the interview is critical and accuracy is an important consideration. Another way OSHA inspectors will evaluate the employer’s compliance with safety training standards is by determining how the


employer communicates other workplace rules and policies to employees, particularly job instructions and other non-safety policies or procedures.

English-Only Employment Policies for Safety-Sensitive Areas

If these other job instructions are given in Spanish, for example, OSHA

Employers may be tempted to avoid OSHA’s onerous and subjective

will likely view English-only safety training as insufficient. Ultimately

training policies by employing only English-speaking workers. Employers

the OSHA inspector will determine, based on a review of all of the

must proceed with extreme caution in fashioning these types of policies

gathered facts, whether a reasonable person would conclude that the

so as not to run afoul of federal and state anti-discrimination laws.

employer has not conveyed training to employees in a manner they

Employers who fashion English-only policies, prohibiting employees from

are capable of understanding. In one case involving deficient safety

speaking languages other than English at all times in the workplace, are

training, a supervisor described the company’s training program as

presumed to be discriminating on the basis of an employee’s national

follows: “Basically, in the yard with the men making sure they got their

origin. The federal regulations implementing Title VII of the Civil

vests, their shoring, their boards before they leave for the job. They are

Rights Act call such policies “a burdensome term and condition of an

directed to not get in holes over four feet deep, when it’s unsafe to

employment,” and provide that prohibiting non-English languages in

use the proper shoring.” Sec. of Labor v. J. Mess Plumbing Co., Inc., 21

the workplace at all times “disadvantages an individual’s employment

O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1100 (A.L.J. Oct. 18, 2004).

opportunities on the basis of national origin”

In this case, most of the company’s employees

and creates “an atmosphere of inferiority,

had immigrated from Bosnia and Albania and

isolation and intimidation based on national

could not speak English. Where an employee

origin.” 29 C.F.R. § 1606.7(a).

could not speak English, another co-worker

These same regulations do recognize,

would translate the materials for him. In

however, that when applied only at certain

addition, the employer did not maintain any

times an English-only policy in the work-

documentary evidence of a training program.

place may be appropriate and non-discrim-

An administrative law judge upheld OSHA’s

inatory. To avoid liability for discrimination,

citation under a construction industry training

the employer must establish that the rule is

standard, finding that the employer hired

justified by a “business necessity.” 29 C.F.R.

workers that were not fluent in English, and

§ 1606.7(b). In its compliance manual, the

then failed to ensure that they understood

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

the minimal training they received.

(EEOC) has recognized that the need for the

Recent case law precedent from the

safe operation of an employer’s business is

Occupational Safety and Health Review

considered a business necessity, that can jus-

Commission validated OSHA’s ability to issue

tify an English-only rule that is tailored to

citations under its training standards on a

specific circumstances. The EEOC also recog-

per-employee basis. This means that OSHA

nizes that the need for supervisors who only

can issue a separate citation and penalty

speak English to communicate with employ-

for each and every employee who did

ees is also a business necessity, that can justify

not understand his or her required safety training. In Sec. of Labor v. E. Smalis Painting Co., slip op., O.S.H.R.C. Docket No. 94-1979 (Apr. 10, 2009), OSHA issued a total of 71 willful

an appropriately narrow English-only policy. The EEOC cites the following scenario as an appropriate use of an English-only rule to address safety concerns:

citations to Smalis for failure to train 71 employees as required in OSHA’s

XYZ Petroleum Corp. operates an oil refinery and has a rule requiring

“Lead in Construction” Standard, 29 C.F.R. § 1926.62(l)(1)(ii). The review

all employees to speak only English during an emergency. The rule also

commission upheld 27 of those willful citations, one for each of the 27

requires that employees speak in English while performing job duties

employees who had been exposed to lead at or above the action level

in laboratories and processing areas where there is the danger of fire

and who had not received the training, and imposed a penalty of over

or explosion. The rule does not apply to casual conversations between

$1,000,000 in total.

employees in the laboratory or processing areas when they are not

The review commission’s decision was based on its finding that

performing a job duty. The English-only rule does not violate Title VII

training requirements under OSHA’s asbestos standard impose a duty

because it is narrowly tailored to safety requirements. EEOC Compliance

that runs to each employee. While the Smalis decision is based on

Manual, Section 13: National Origin Discrimination (Dec. 2, 2002).

the employer’s failure to train altogether, the review commission’s

According to this example, an employer would not run afoul of

reasoning may well be applied to situations involving the adequacy of

federal non-discrimination laws by requiring employees to speak only

an employer’s training program as it relates to non-English-speaking

in English while performing specific job functions, during emergency

employees.

situations, or while working in particular areas of a facility that implicate workplace safety issues.

w w w. CS DA. ORG

concrete openings | 2 7


Employers must also take care in making hiring decisions based

other than English, consider providing safety training in those languages as well.

on a candidate’s ability to speak English. A narrowly-tailored and appropriately used English-only policy is relevant to hiring decisions.

Incorporate practical tests into required safety training, allowing

If, for example, an employer has an English-only policy like the one used

employees to demonstrate their understanding (or lack thereof) of

in the above example, it would need to consider that policy in hiring

core concepts.

employees to work in the laboratories and processing areas. Candidates who do not speak English would not be able to adhere to the policy and

including any practical tests included in training. Include a signed

would therefore not be qualified for hire into a position that includes

statement from each employee that he/she has received and

work in those areas. Similarly, even in the absence of an English-only policy, an employer does not violate federal anti-discrimination laws by rejecting a non-English-speaking candidate whose inability to speak or

understood specific safety training provided. •

interviews. Designate a qualified and reliable person (whether

job duties. If, for example, a candidate’s job duties would require forklift

management or non-management) to act as the “go to” interpreter

operation, and the candidate could not read or understand warning operation of a forklift, then the employer would have a good faith, non-discriminatory reason for rejecting that candidate.

to facilitate interviews with non-English-speaking employees. •

Evaluate employee duties on a job-by-job basis to determine whether critical job- or safety-related functions require fluency in English.

Conclusion and Recommendations It is recommended that all employers who employ workers with limited or no ability to speak or understand English, carefully evaluate their safety training programs to ensure those employees have received and understood required safety training, including the following: •

In the event of an OSHA inspection, advise all employees of their right to have a management representative present during any

understand English would materially affect his or her ability to perform

signs, operating manuals, or safety placards required for the safe

Maintain meticulous documentation of employee training,

Review the means by which work instructions are communicated to employees. If work instructions are communicated in languages

Mark A. Lies, II is a labor and employment law attorney and partner with Seyfarth Shaw LLP in Chicago, Illinois. He specializes in occupational safety and health law and related employment law and personal injury litigation. Lies has worked with CSDA members in their businesses. He can be reached at 312-460-5877 or at mlies@seyfarth.com. Elizabeth Leifel Ash is an associate with Seyfarth Shaw, whose practice focuses on regulatory compliance and litigation, including occupational safety and health and environmental matters.

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The Pian Telessio Dam, Piedmont, Italy.

Cutter Uses Diamond Wire to Prevent Concrete Decay Destroying Dam

I

n the Gran Paradiso National Park, situated in Piedmont, Italy, stands the Pian Telessio Dam. The dam was built between 1951 and 1956 as part of the hydroelectric development of the Orco Valley. The concrete structure, of a gravity arch design, is owned by the Energy Company of Turin, and is located 1,919 meters (6,296 feet) above sea level. The dam stands at a height of 80 meters (262 feet) with a crown of 515 meters (1,690 feet), and creates a seasonal reservoir of approximately 22 million cubic meters (29 million cubic yards) of water. During its first 20 years of service, the behavior of the dam was

or negative. There are primary and secondary forms of ettringite. A dam

consistent with expectations, but from the 1970s a slow process

is classified as being affected by AAR if the coefficient expansion by these

of drift towards the mountain till commenced and exceeded 45

formations is greater than 0.001% per year. In this case, the Pian Telessio

millimeters (1 inch). The movement of the dam shelves produced by

dam had a rate of coefficient expansion of 0.06%.

this drift induced an opening in the joint perimeter of the dosserets

The decision was made to perform a series of vertical cuts to remove

(impost blocks) on the side of the valley, and this resulted in a high

the tension being applied to the structure. By using diamond wire sawing,

concentration of vertical tension to the foot of the mountain and

a great amount of precision could be obtained in the cutting. In addition,

the joint itself.

there would be very little noise pollution or dust and debris and the

The cause of the drifting was due to an alkali aggregate reaction as

structural integrity of the dam could be maintained. Last, this method

confirmed by a series of experiments performed by a local laboratory.

had a considerable economic advantage in that it was fast and required

This reaction is caused by the presence of reagents aggregates

a reduced number of employees. Wire sawing methodology also provides

(amorphous quartzes) in the concrete that, when in contact with

high levels of safety, since saws can be operated by remote, and the dam

water, produce a gel of ettringite. The ettringite forms in concrete

could continue to be in operation while the cutting work took place.

and reacts with alluminato tricalcium phosphate and plaster. This

Following the requests by the Register of Italian Dams to closely

compound is characterized by the formation of minute crystals in the

monitor the cutting work at Pian Telessio, and the evaluations conducted

shape of sticks or needles.

by Lombardi SA–Engineers and Consultants, an innovative project was

The formation of ettringite is always associated with an increase in

drawn up to perform a series of vertical cuts between 21 to 39 meters (69

volume, and its effect on cement conglomerate can be either positive

to 128 feet) deep. The goal of this project was to download the pressure of

3 2 | SEPTE MB ER .09


C ON C RETE

the dam and restore the correct functionality

The table below indicates the details of each of the 16 cuts.

of elastic joints, while ensuring the continuity

No of Cuts

of the dam arcs for at least the next 15 to 20 years. Sixteen vertical cuts in all would be made along the crowning of the dam and then the joints would be injected with a cement

C A SES

Wire Diameter Height of Cut Surface of Cut

10

10 mm (0.4 inches)

21 to 30 m (69 to 98 feet)

148 m² (1,593 ft2)

4

16 mm (0.6 inches)

39 m (128 feet)

385 m² (4,144 ft2)

2

16 mm (0.6 inches)

31 m (102 feet)

263 m² (2,831 ft2)

mixture.

16-millimeter wire was used to perform cuts up to 39 meters (128 feet) in depth.

The project was awarded to Marietta SpA,

tion. Initially Stefano Bernieri, managing direc-

who in turn awarded the cutting contract to

tor of Diamond Pauber, approached Pavesio

Technic Technologie of Monticello d’Alba.

with two options to consider. Both options

Marietta was responsible for the supply and

were from a series of electro-deposited wires

positioning of the crane and platforms from

offered by Diamond Pauber, with patented

which the cuts would be performed, while the

“crystal oriented” technology and the family

cutting contractor would make the horizontal

of conical beads. One had a diameter of 16

logs, core the holes for the restoration of the

millimeters (0.6 inches); the other had a larger

new flexible joints and make the vertical cuts.

diameter of 20 millimeters (0.8 inches). After

Alberto Pavesio, managing director of

a careful review and analysis of the deflection

Technic Technologie found a wide array of

of the dam, they decided to use the 16-milli-

diamond wire on the market, but found it

meter (0.6-inch) wire.

more difficult to find a wire with a 75-milli-

In order to start this job, the water level of

meter-thick (3-inch) diamond bead suitable for

the dam had to be lowered. Once the volume

the cut. He turned to CSDA member, Diamond

of water had been reduced, the general

Pauber srl, of Massa, Italy, to provide a solu-

contractor installed work platforms and

Diamond wire was used to cut into the 263-foot-tall dam wall.

w w w. CS DA. ORG

concrete openings | 3 3


Did You Know? Dam Construction Arch Dam

Since the first large-scale dam was built in Egypt more than 5,000 years ago, engineers have devised various types of dams to withstand the forces of a raging river. The are five main types of bridges around the world and all have their strengths—literally speaking.

Arch Dams An arch dam is a thin, curved dam made of concrete or masonry that arches upstream so that the force of the water against the canyon wall where the dam

Cutting lasted approximately 160 days.

is constructed squeezes the arch, compressing and strengthening the structure and pushing it into the

anchored them to the perimeter of the dam by

ground. Arch dams, like the El Atazam Dam in Spain, are

plates and steel cables. The wire saws provided

good for narrow, rocky locations.

by Bicoma srl of Carrara, Italy, were placed

Buttress Dams

on the platforms and cutting commenced. Buttress Dam

Maintaining the cutting effectiveness of

Buttress dams may be flat or curved, but

the diamond wire throughout the cutting

one thing is certain: a series of supports or

process was a major concern of the contractor

buttresses brace the dam on the downstream

as it would be costly in terms of labor and

side. Most buttress dams, like the Bartlett Dam

efficiency to have to replace the wire, so

in Arizona, are made of reinforced concrete.

Diamond Pauber increased the number of beads per meter (3.3 feet) to 38. This proved

Embankment Dams

to be a good move. During this project, measurements were

Embankment dams are commonly built in the

taken to report the opening and closing

United States especially in mining locations. They are massive dams made of earth and rock. Like gravity dams, embankment dams rely on

Embankment Dam

movements of all the cuts, before, during and after the cutting process and before the

their heavy weight to resist the force of the

injection of the new material into the joints.

water. Embankment dams also have a dense,

Measurements showed a total closure of 70

waterproof core that prevents water from

millimeters (2.8 inches) during the course of

seeping through the structure. Tailings dams, large structures that hold back mining waste, are types of embankment dams.

Gravity Dams A gravity dam is a massive dam consisting of thick, vertical walls of concrete built across relatively narrow river valleys. Gravity dams resist the thrust of the water entirely by their own weight. Most gravity dams like the Grand Coulee Dam in Washington are expensive to build because they require so much concrete, earth and rock fill.

Arch-Gravity Dams The Hoover Dam in the United States is an example of an arch-gravity dam. Arch-gravity dams incorporate the arch dam’s curved design that is so effective in deflecting the water in narrow, rocky locations where the canyon’s side of hard rock forces that water down into a narrow channel. The curved design also effectively holds back the water in a reservoir requiring a lesser amount of construction material. The arch-gravity dam also incorporates enough size and thickness to provide superior strength. The archgravity dam, combining the load-resisting qualities of both arch and gravity type dams, inspires the most confidence in the public at large because of its appearance of massive permanence. 3 4 | SEPTE MB ER .09

The cutting work has helped to stabilize the dam structure.


Company Profile

Founded in 1979 by Paolo Bernieri, Diamond Pauber srl joined CSDA in 2005, and is based in Massa, Italy. The company was one of the earliest Italian companies to manufacture diamond wire. Resources

General Contractor:

Diagram showing the position of the 16 cuts made to the dam.

Marietta SpA CSDA Affiliate Member:

the cuts, with a further 30 millimeters (1.2

extended another 15 to 20 years at which time

inches) of closure during the phase between

another assessment will have to be made as

the cut and the injections, reaching a total of

to the performance of the concrete. “The Pian

Massa, Italy

100 millimeters (3.9 inches). However, during

Telessio Dam now has greater stability and

Phone: 39-5 8583 0425

the implementation of the injections, an open-

an increased life span thanks to the speed

Email: info@diamondpauber.it

ing of 40 millimeters (1.6 inches) occurred. The

and accuracy of diamond wire sawing,” said Bernieri. “Diamond Pauber is very proud

Website: www.diamondpauber.it

shortening of the dam arc to the crowning reached a total of 60 millimeters (2.4 inches)

to have been a part of this most important

throughout the entire project. From the outset

project,” he concluded.

Diamond Pauber

Methods Used: Wire Sawing

REVIEW AND COMMENT ON THIS ARTICLE AT: WWW.concreteopenings.com/FORUM.CFM

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In total, the total cut surface measured 3,546 m² (38,169 ft2). The cutting contractor performed the cuts over a period of

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of the work due to snow and icy conditions throughout the Italian winter. The average

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cutting speed was between 10 m2 (108 ft2)

contract us for

per hour with the 10-millimeter (0.4-inch) diamond wire, and 5 m2 (54 ft2) per hour with the 16-millimeter (0.6-inch) wire. It is estimated that the life of the dam has been

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concrete openings | 3 5


Safety CountS

Air Pressure— It’s More Powerful Than You Think By Rick Norland

C

reating openings in concrete walls presents a very real danger—

Having successfully gotten away with this short cut once, the

and it is probably not a danger that comes to the mind of most

operator thinks that he or she can get away with it again and again.

operators. Most often, operators are thinking about making

An operator is lucky to be around to have firsthand experience of a piece

precise openings. The danger is with air pressure and the weight of the

of concrete walking out of a hole. Some are not so lucky.

concrete piece that is going to be removed to make the opening. This

Using wedges to secure a wall opening gives operators a false sense

article looks into the reasons why air pressure is often not considered

of security, for two reasons. First, they will only secure the opening if

when making openings, why is should be; and why the proper approach

the opening does not move. Second, they will only secure the opening

to cutting openings is so important.

when the very small area of concrete that is in contact with the wedge

One reason why many operators are unsure of the proper and safe

does not fail.

approach to cutting openings is outdated or just plain improper training

Operators might question the ability for the cut piece to move,

on how to secure the piece being cut. In the past, most operators were

so here is an example based on a 3- by 7-foot-wide door opening in

trained to use wedges, often customdesigned, long and thin tapered

a standard 8-inch-thick, 3,500-psi

Unistrut or angle iron

concrete wall in a food processing

wedges to hold the piece being cut.

plant. By design, the interior of the

Operators were taught to use the

building will be kept under posi-

tapered side of the wedges to face the

tive pressure to keep dirt, dust and

opening so that the spalled concrete

contaminates from migrating into

would not show in the finished side of

the building. The amount of posi-

the opening.

tive pressure can vary, so the low-

The fact was never questioned

est practical value of 1 psi has been

that the spall occurs because the

used in this example. The weight

maximum compressive strength of the

of the opening is 2,100 pounds,

concrete had been exceeded, and this

assuming a concrete density of

occurs before the full weight of the

150 pounds/ft3. The force pushing out

opening is on the wedge. Nor was it

on the door opening due to the 1 psi

questioned that when the spall occurs, the concrete being cut to make the

Properly-strapped wall opening.

opening can shift, pushing the wedge out. When a spall occurs, the massive

10” wall opening shifted 3/8” towards the outside and tipped. The area in red is all that is holding the opening in place and exceeds the max tensile load for 3500 psi concrete by 1.9 times.

concrete piece being cut to make an opening can shift.

positive pressure is 3,024 pounds. If the operator installs wedges from the inside of the building, the combination of the slope of the wedge and the air pressure on the

door opening being cut can work in concert with each other to move

Another reason why operators may not consider the danger of air

the piece. This movement can easily occur if something changes the

pressure when cutting openings is that they have always been taught

amount of positive pressure in the room, such as a door being slammed

that there is no way a 10-inch-thick, or greater, wall will tip because it

closed. When this happens, a pressure wave is established and the

will jam in the wall before it can fall.

operator may experience a sensation in the inner ear or a small shake

The final reason for an unsafe approach to cutting openings is the

to the entire body.

“hurry up and get the job done” mentality. Most wall saw operators

What effect does this have on the door opening? The pressure wave

have made the decision, at least once, to use one wedge or two at the

momentarily increases the air pressure in the room or building. For a

most, to secure a cut piece instead of affixing a strap to temporarily

person to feel the pressure wave, it has to be several times greater

hold an opening in place, to save time. And in most cases, it is pure

than the normal building pressure. If the pressure wave increases the

luck that prevented this piece of concrete being cut from falling out

building air pressure by 1 psi, the force on the opening becomes 6,048

of the opening.

pounds, resulting in the concrete door opening jumping out of the wall.

3 6 | SEPTE MB ER .09


While the author was writing this article, a thunderstorm passed

inside or outside of the space relative to the remaining wall section.

through his hometown, about 30 miles to the east, and the claps of

The amount of the spall would have to be 0.194 inches in total, or by

thunder were shaking the walls. Imagine the impact of this thunderstorm

the bottom or top portion of the opening shifting towards the inside

on the door opening in this example being described. Changes in

or outside by 0.375 inches. As discussed, changes in air pressure, wind

weather, like a storm moving into the area, can have a dramatic impact

or other induced vibration can easily overcome the static weight of a

on the forces being applied to the surface of a wall opening. One of

wall opening and cause it to move or shift, allowing the opening to

these forces is wind. Standard design load for winds up to 15 mph on

fall. Shifting the opening 0.375 inches towards the outside of the wall

walls less than 60 feet tall is 15 pounds/ft . For the example provided,

will allow a 10-inch-thick concrete opening to pivot out approximately

that calculates to 315 pounds pushing on the opening. When a wall

8 inches at the top of the opening. This will load the top edge of the

saw operator actually “walks� or pushes an opening out of a wall, he

opening that remains within the wall to 532 psi tension, which is 1.9

or she uses less than 315 pounds.

times greater than the maximum tension load for 3,500-psi concrete.

2

When using wedges to secure an opening, the operator also needs

The only positive method for securing a wall opening is by strapping.

to understand the effect of the spalling of the concrete. The fact that

Strapping is a method in which a metal plate or angle iron (or unistrut)

the concrete spalls or chips is due to the fact that the forces imparted

is attached to both the opening and the remaining wall section by

by the wedge are greater than the maximum compressive strength of

drop-in or wedge-type anchors. This may take extra time, but it is time

the concrete. For the purpose of this example, lets examine the effect

well spent to guarantee the safety of the operator.

of using two, 2-inch-wide wedges (even though operators may normally

It is important to remember and implement safe practices when

use 1- or 1.5-inch-wide wedges). It is assumed that wedge to concrete

cutting openings, while being vigilant towards changes in environmental

edge contact is 0.125 inches instead of line contact as it actually occurs.

conditions. Air pressure or, more importantly, a change in air pressure

Given these values, the load on the concrete in contact with the wedges

encountered while cutting an opening can present a danger not always

is 4,200 psi, which exceeds the maximum compressive strength of 3,500

appreciated. Understanding the issues discussed in this article and

psi concrete by 700 pounds. The result is that the concrete will fail

applying these practices on the job site will reduce the risk of injury to

and spall away. In addition, this example does not include the force

everyone on a job site.

generated by the operator driving the wedge into the opening, which increases the load. When the loads imparted by the wedge become less than the maximum compressive strength of the concrete (spalling the opening edge until the contact area becomes large enough that the maximum

With almost 30 years in the concrete sawing and drilling industry, Norland is the lead trainer for the CSDA training classes and a past president of the association. His company, Construction Solutions, is headquartered in Paola, Kansas. Norland can be contacted on 913-710-9923 or by email at rnorland@ construction-solutions.com.

compressive load of the concrete is not exceeded) spalling stops, provided the load on the concrete does not change. This load will change when the top cut is completed and the weight of the opening is placed on the wedge. Ultimately, all operators should be aware that a concrete piece held in place by wedges is never secure and can move at any time. The only way to secure an opening is to strap it in place. Another common misconception is that a 10-inch-thick, or greater, wall opening cannot tip out. This idea has been around for a long time and is based on sound geometric conditions. Geometry shows that there is not enough room between the concrete surrounding an opening as a result of saw kerf, and the concrete of the opening to pivot on a bottom edge and tip out. This is true, as long as the pivot edge of the opening does not spall; the outside top edge of the opening does not spall; the top inside edge of the opening does not spall; or that the opening does not shift in or out and stays perfectly parallel and in line with the remainder of the wall. Assuming that the aforementioned conditions do not occur, the opening, when pivoting about a bottom edge, will jam at the top of the opening cut after pivoting approximately 3 degrees, causing the top edge of the opening to be about 4 inches out of the cut. However, the weight of the opening is now being supported by the bottom edge of the opening, and the top edge of the opening opposite from the bottom pivot edge. For the wall opening to completely tip out, the bottom edge or opposite top edge must either spall or move either

CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 70

w w w. CS DA. ORG

concrete openings | 3 7


Tech Talk Tech Talk is a regular feature of Concrete Openings magazine, focusing on equipment, maintenance and operational issues of interest to concrete cutting contractors. Readers wishing to have a particular subject addressed can call or email CSDA with their suggestions at 727-577-5004 or rhitchen@concreteopenings.com.

Concrete Chainsaw Safety: Don’t Forget the Obvious By Joe Taccogna

I

t has been almost two decades since diamond chain and the

Ensure Chain Side Cover Integrity

hand-held chainsaw cutting of concrete became a reality in the

Cutting contractors and individual operators alike should check the

commercial market. A great deal of advances have taken place

integrity of chain side covers on a regular basis to ensure there are no

within the industry during this time in terms of diamonds, chains, saws,

cracks, holes from slurry blasting, missing sections or warping in fit-up

equipment and even best use practices. However, the importance of

to the main saw body frame. In addition, the slurry baffle and drain

operator safety remains as prominent today as ever.

sections of hydraulic saws must not be removed, have missing fasteners

Examinations of working units in the field, and those in contractor’s

or have missing or damaged fins. Any conditions that form a hole, or

shops, continually reveal examples that show a lack of attention when

result in a weaker guard, may result in operator injury in the event of

dealing with relatively simple issues that relate to operator safety.

a malfunction. A piece of debris could be ejected due to chain speeds

Figure 1 Side cover with damaged baffle-drain.

Figure 3 Proper operation with flap guard in place and in good condition.

Figure 2 Side cover with missing baffle-drain.

Figure 4 Improper operation with flap guard missing.

3 8 | s e pte mber.09


Hicycle_ad_rev5.qxd

10/29/2007

7:59 PM

Page 1

or, as a worst case scenario, a whole component part can be ejected and cause serious injury or death without the implementation of these safety measures.

Ensure Bottom Guard Flap Attachment Of equal importance to the side cover, yet often overlooked, is the bottom, rubber guard flap. This is also known as the “mud flap.” This flap is essential to operator safety, particularly in any application of floor cutting. In a floor cutting scenario, the operator’s shins and lower torso are more exposed, and are at greater risk of being struck by debris or a broken chain. The guard flap is designed to minimize this hazard, and

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has been carried out intentionally.

Hydraulic Inputs Most professional concrete cutting contractors utilize high flow power supply units as their source of hydraulic power. Whether the power source is a tow-behind or truck-mounted unit, these hydraulic power supplies typically output in excess of 20 gallons per minute (gpm), with some reaching as much as 30 gpm. When switching from a high flow tool, such as a 25-gpm wall saw, it is extremely important that the operator adjust the source flow rate to match the recommended tool input. Providing too much hydraulic flow will cause motor shaft

CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 100

The James R-Meter MK III & Mini R-Meter Professionals Know Before They Start

over-speeding. Hydraulic pressure is also an important factor in the settings. Overpressurization will stress all connections, hoses, seals and o-rings for the entire hydraulic circuit. Exceeding pressure inputs will typically blow out seals and o-rings at an accelerated rate, and will result in spills, leaks, downtime and costly rebuilds. Random field inspections of proper flow and pressure output settings are a good safety practice. In addition, it is a good idea to have your hydraulic power supply equipment tested and calibrated on a maintenance schedule. Today’s new generation of larger-pitch diamond chains is much stronger than previous versions of chain. This can lead to operators becoming more confident in concrete chainsaws and even, in some cases, exceeding hydraulic flow supply specification. Despite the increased strength benefit of the newer, large-pitch chains, it is not recommended to discard manufacturer’s instructions and specifications. The documentation provided by the manufacturer should always be read, understood and adhered to. The two prominent safety measures of the chain side cover and guard flap should never be compromised, and operators should make sure these parts are present and securely in place before

R-Meter MK III Most advanced Rebar Locator

Mini R-Meter An economical Rebar Locator for professionals

commencing any cutting work. Joe Taccogna is the manager for product line and technical service with ICS, Blount Inc., based in Portland, Oregon. Taccogna can be contacted at 503653-4644 or by email at joet@icsbestway.com.

We put concrete to the test! www.ndtjames.com • email: info@ndtjames.com 3727 North Kedzie Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60618 800-426-6500 • 773-463-6565 • Fax: 773-463-0009 CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 8

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Insurance CornER

Serious Incident Investigation: A General Guide By Michael Logan

R

eceiving news that an employee has been seriously injured or

representative, but company representatives thought it was a

killed at a job site or on the road is something every contractor

straightforward accident so they let the witness leave the scene. Two

dreads. Unfortunately, many contractors have had to deal with

years later, the company was served with a lawsuit. The witness had

this situation. Investigating serious incidents on behalf of companies

since moved to another state and their name had slipped from people’s

is part of an attorney’s responsibility. The purpose of this article is to

memories.

provide employers with a general outline or protocol for suggestions

Even more devastating for an employer is when an employee knows

on how to properly investigate the catastrophic incident that occurs on

the detailed facts about an accident because he was driving behind his

the road, on jobsites or at a facility.

coworker when a third party driver ran a red light at an intersection,

When handling litigation cases, conducting a well-planned

causing an accident. Again, a statement isn’t taken immediately

investigation at the outset has saved clients valuable time and money.

afterward to preserve the employee’s most accurate memory. Three

Often, when companies do not put sufficient effort into gathering

months after the accident, that eyewitness is terminated due to budget

as much information as possible early on, it is more likely that crucial

cuts. When the time comes for that eyewitness to assist the defense of

information can be lost. For example, an eyewitness to an accident

the company in their deposition, he or she may not be as forthcoming,

was ready and willing to assist by providing a statement to a company

and cannot be rehabilitated with a sworn statement.

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Notification of Accident/Incident As soon as an employee is aware that an

cally cocooning any executive, the CFO became

occurs involving serious bodily injury or signifi-

a wealth of knowledge for the opposition.

cant property damage, the company represen-

incident involving significant property damage

When an employer arrives at the scene

tative investigating the incident is stepping

or serious bodily injury has occurred, he or she

of an incident following the request of a

into the medical personnel and/or officer’s

must immediately notify the proper personnel.

designated company investigator, it is of the

field of expertise. It cannot be stressed enough

Proper personnel may be a designated

utmost importance that he or she determine

how politeness and professionalism will assist

risk management department or a safety

the health of those involved and make cer-

the employer during this process.

coordinator. Following this, the appropriate

tain the appropriate medical personnel is sum-

The investigation should include meticu-

insurance representative should also be

moned. Contact should then be made with law

lous photographing and videotaping every

notified, dependent on the circumstances.

enforcement to inform them of the employer’s

aspect of the location to preserve the evi-

This step is critical to insure the investigation

involvement and intentions. When an incident

dence. Likewise, if law enforcement is not

process is managed correctly following the incident. Personnel required to conduct the actual investigation should be dispatched to the scene of the accident as soon as possible. The accident scene is actually the best time for some companies to get their attorney involved. This is particularly true if the company has an affiliation with an attorney who is familiar with litigation involving liability issues. There are numerous reasons to involve an attorney from the beginning. The objective of this notice procedure is to ensure that the attorney is included in all communications to preserve the company’s privileges (attorneyclient/work product) of nondisclosure should civil litigation arise. For instance, the investigative materials, including internal accident/ incident reports, photographs and statements created with an attorney’s input and advice, may not be disclosed to the opponent in the future unless for strategy.

Scene Investigation The next phase should be conducted by the minimum number of required company personnel to adequately oversee the process. This way, if a lawsuit materializes there will be fewer people available to sit for a deposition as witnesses. A few years ago, an unfortunate incident occurred near the home of a CFO of a corporation. He decided to assist with the investigation because it occurred on a highway near his home, which turned him into a critical witness in the case, even though he didn’t see the accident occur. Obviously, his deposition lasted longer than anyone in the case, including the driver involved in the accident, simply because he knew so much about the intricacies of the company—a plaintiff lawyer’s dream. Rather than being protected by the “work product” or “corporate veil” objection typi-

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involved at a site or location of the incident, the area should be taped

Witness Statements

off to prevent interruptions from traffic. In roadway accidents, photo-

The third stage in the process involves obtaining written statements

graphs should include the vehicles at final rest, interiors of the vehicles,

from witnesses in the hours or days following an incident. Naturally,

approaches from distances leading to the point of impact, roadway con-

people forget details over time, lose interest or simply do not want to

figurations, roadway construction, skid marks, gouge marks, debris, law

be involved after the cool-off period. During the investigation of a work

enforcement paint markings, visual obstructions, foliage, traffic control

site incident a couple years ago that resulted in a lawsuit, a witness

devices, witnesses and other vehicles at the scene. On-site incidents may

was shown their statement immediately before their deposition. In the

include photographing the mechanism of injury, machines involved,

statement, the witness had provided a critical fact that they had since

debris, safety equipment/devices, paths of walkways and signage. These

forgotten. The witness testified consistently with the sworn statement,

photographs can be used not only if a lawsuit comes about, but also in

aiding the defense of the case.

future safety training sessions to educate company personnel.

Prior to the statement being written or recorded, a short discussion

While at the scene, the company representative should talk with the

should be held with the person to learn their knowledge of the incident

employee involved, if practicable, to obtain his or her version of events.

and to ask questions relating to the investigation. The statement

If at all possible, the employee should be interviewed immediately

should contain the facts in chronological order, told from the witness’

before providing any statements to law enforcement or governmental

perspective, and signed by the witness at the conclusion.

entities such as OSHA. If counsel can be present for the interviews, it is

The statement of the employee involved should be taken by an

strongly urged to protect the company’s interests. Following release from

attorney with a court reporter present, and should be under oath. The

the scene by officials, drug and alcohol testing may be necessary. This

reason is to preserve the statement in the possession of the company as

testing must take place within the time allotted by federal and state law.

“work product” should the employee leave or be dismissed.

If the incident calls for the assistance of more than one person to conduct the investigation, a private investigator can be utilized.

Document Gathering

The investigator can comb the area for surveillance video cameras (at

The original documents related to an incident must be obtained

corner gas stations or on traffic control devices overhead) that may have

for future reference. These documents can include police reports,

captured footage of the incident, or search for additional witnesses.

government agency reports, maintenance records, daily logs, delivery

The names of all law enforcement officers, medical personnel, tow

tickets, bills of lading, personnel files, drug/alcohol results, dispatch

truck operators and any other persons should be obtained. An attempt

logs, driver history, training and testing materials, safety meeting sign-in

should also be made to determine the status of the injured person(s)

sheets, vehicle registration or on board computer reports (black box). The

and the facility to which they were transported for treatment. As a good

purpose is to avoid the destruction of material that may be requested

faith gesture, the company should offer assistance to the injured party

by governmental entities (OSHA), and be used in potential litigation.

and their family members from the outset. If the vehicle involved is owned by the company, the location to which the vehicle is being transported to should be obtained while on the scene. Instruction should be given to the towing company to avoid altering the brake system of the vehicle, due to the need for testing by State and Federal investigators and company personnel. Many informed plaintiff attorneys also want to inspect the vehicle prior to any changes being made. If the vehicle is altered or repaired prior to inspection by the opponent, then legal ramifications can result such as spoliation of evidence. A letter can be sent, offering the other party involved in the accident, the opportunity to view the vehicle, together with a ten-day deadline for non-response. Likewise, a contractor can make a request to inspect the vehicles owned by other persons involved in the accident. In addition, computer data from the vehicles should be obtained prior to any changes or repairs taking place. In order to preserve the condition of the roadway, and potentially the final rest of the vehicles involved, an aerial photograph can be ordered. Over time, weather and traffic will remove skid marks from the surface, and shrubbery can change rapidly. The cost associated with an aerial photograph is typically well worth the investment for scene preservation.

4 2 | SEPTE MB ER .09

Incident Report If an attorney is assisting with the incident report process, it should be titled “Work Product - Internal Incident Investigation” which will help guard against the information being distributed outside the company or its representatives. This should include a detailed analysis of how the incident occurred in chronological order, diagram of the scene, a summary of witness statements, preventative measures, future action or safety training and an index identifying all documents and photographs generated or gathered during the investigation. Upon completion of the investigation, the appropriate personnel can discuss the results and build this experience into a company-wide safety awareness and accident prevention campaign. Although there are many other facets of investigating incidents that could be covered, following this outline of tasks will be highly beneficial for any contractor should they receive unfortunate news. Michael D. Logan joined the legal firm of Adams, Coogler, Watson, Merkel, Barry & Kellner, P.A. in 2003, becoming a Partner in 2008. Logan concentrates his practice on personal injury, trucking, auto, products liability, premises liability, construction, criminal law, traffic and medical malpractice. Logan made a presentation to the CSDA Board in 2008. For more information, contact 561-478-4500 or email mlogan@acwmlaw.com.


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Industry Bits Hilti Purchase Diamond B, Inc. The Hilti Corporation entered the North American professional diamond service contractor market with the purchase of U.S.-based Diamond B, Inc. on June 30. This move allows Hilti to enhance its global position as a provider of equipment and consumables for the professional diamond service contractor. A 25-year-old company, Diamond B, Inc. is based near Los Angeles, California. The strategic acquisition combines the consumable products of Diamond B with Hilti’s equipment. Diamond B posted annual sales of $10.8 million in 2008. The former owner and president of Diamond B, Webb Burnett, will retire from the business once the transition is complete. Long-time Hilti employee Andrew Hunt, previously the head of Hilti’s Singapore market organization, will manage the new subsidiary. Floor and wall saw blades for the North American market will be manufactured at the U.S.-based production facility. Drilling and sawing equipment will be manufactured in Liechtenstein. “With this acquisition, Hilti is strengthening the longterm growth of the entire company,” said Marco Meyrat of Hilti. “With Diamond B, we are gaining one of the best and most professional U.S.based diamond consumables manufacturers and direct sales force. The many years of experience of both companies in this area will contribute to successfully developing the potential market in North America.” For more information, visit www.us.hilti.com.

Dixie Diamond Releases New Beaver Bit Dixie Diamond Manufacturing, Inc. is pleased to announce the arrival of the Beaver Bit. The V-shaped design of the segment allows the bit to grab the concrete instead of walking across the surface, greatly reducing vibration. The bit works well in reinforced concrete and hard aggregate. The segment height is 0.500 inch with a 0.400-inch diamond depth, designed to save on wear compared to typical segment designs. For more information, contact 800-654-7224 or visit www.dixiediamond.com.

Western Saw Announce New Chief Engineer Western Saw is pleased to announce the appointment of Anthony Baratta to the position of chief engineer. Baratta will be responsible for the development of new products in the construction, stone, wood and knife industries. He brings extensive knowledge of computer analytical simulations, computational dynamics and field verification to help develop new processes and innovative products. Baratta has previously held the positions of pre-research and development manager and design engineer for ten years at Husqvarna North America. For more information, contact 800-388-7297 or visit www.westernsaw.com.

New Flush Cut Kit From Expert Equipment Expert Equipment Company of Houston, Texas, introduces its flush cut kit for the TP400 16-inch electric hand saw from Cardi. The kit includes Expert Equipment’s own flush cut hole pattern. The flush cut kit has been designed to avoid compromising the 6-inch cutting depth of the Cardi TP400. For more information, contact 713-797-9886 or visit www.expertequipment.com.

4 4 | SEPTE MB ER .09


DIAMOND TOOLS GRINDING WHEELS M A C H I N E S

SHARK New Generation Diamond Chains

The

fastest and

long lasting chain in the world

Industrial Diamond Tools Toolgal USA Corp. 283 A-Tribble Street, Elberton N. GA 30635, USA Tel. +1-706-283-9556, Fax. +1-706-283- 9558, E-mail: iair@toolgal.com CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 17

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First Brokk 260 in Canada Derrick Concrete Cutting & Construction LTD.

Brokk 260 Weight: 6,724lbs Height: 60.2in Width: 47.2in Reach: 19ft Breaker: 1000ft.lbs Power:22kW

Since 1976 Derrick Concrete Cutting & Construction has maintained a reputation for high integrity, dependability, and quality. By combining highly trained and qualified personnel along with purchasing top of the line precision equipment Derrick has managed to stay ahead of the competition.

In a market that is always changing with new safety restrictions the Brokk always comes out on top.

The Brokk line of equipment has been a valuable piece of equipment to our company since the first purchase of a Brokk 150 and 250. We have since upgraded to the Brokk 180 and the new Brokk 260.

The flexability of the machine’s 360° movement and close to six meter reach allows the Brokk 260 to work on walls or staircases with ease. The electric power makes it ideal for inside or confined locations.

Brokks performance on service, parts and training has been second to none.

As times get tough, it is difficult to spend money on equipment but Brokk has always been a wise choice for my company.

I can confidently say that the Brokk line of equipment has gotten us work combined with our cutting operations that we would have never got if we did not have the Brokks.

The flexibility to having other attachments such as crushing jaws, scarifier, grapple and shears makes the Brokks even more valuable in our fleet of equipment.

Office: 780-436-7934 www.derrickconcrete.com CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 9

Don Moroz

www.brokkinc.com


INDUSTRY

DITEQ Introduce New ARIX Diamond Blade Series A brand new look has been introduced by DITEQ to its ARIX diamond blade series. The blades now come with a new distinctive paint application. ARIX products typically deliver 50% faster cutting speed with 30% longer blade life. The technology behind the ARIX range of products allows the precise arrangement of each diamond throughout all dimensions of a segment. Each diamond is given an uncompromising support structure to ensure it will emerge in the correct place at the right time to provide maximum cutting speed and performance. And because the support structure is not compromised by random-placed particles, it holds each diamond in place more securely to deliver improved life. For more information, contact 866-688-1032 or visit www.diteq.com.

B ITS

Husqvarna Promotes District Sales Managers Husqvarna Construction Products is pleased to announce that Kevin Schmitt, Clay Morphis and Tim Terrell have been promoted from district sales managers to regional sales managers effective July 2009. Schmitt has accepted the appointment of regional sales manager, Midwest division. Schmitt has been with the group for 19 years, most recently as the district manager for Michigan and Ohio. Prior to that, he served as sales manager for Southeast Asia. Morphis will manage the Eastern division of the sales force, and has been with the company since 1992. Prior to joining the group, Morphis managed a concrete cutting company in Atlanta. Terrell will oversee the Western division. Terrell joined Husqvarna in 2003 as the district sales manager for Texas (Houston) and Oklahoma, and has most recently served the Southern California and Arizona areas. For more information, contact 913-928-1442 or email cate.stratemeier@husqvarna.com.

Kevin Schmitt

Clay Morphis

Tim Terrell

GSSI Debuts StructureScan Mini GSSI is pleased to announce its new all-in-one GPR system for concrete inspection. StructureScan Mini locates rebar, conduits, post-tension cables and voids and can determine concrete slab thickness. Features of the StructureScan Mini include the ability to reach depths of up to 12 inches (30 centimeters) in concrete, an easy user interface, a laserpositioning system and a 4-wheel survey encoder to help mark targets. It is also designed to be water-resistant and dust proof (IP-64 rated). The unit has a 1,600 MHz center frequency, offering a great balance between data resolution and depth penetration. The StructureScan Mini incorporates a highresolution, 5.7-inch LED backlit color display, allowing operators to simply scan and mark. The unit incorporates auto-target capabilities and is also able to automatically calculate the dielectric of concrete to accurately determine the depth of targets. For more information, contact 800-524-3011 or visit www.geophysical.com.

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INDUSTRY

B ITS

Wolverine Equipment Announces New Diesel Power Pack Wolverine Equipment has introduced the WP-25D, a 25-horsepower diesel hydraulic power pack. The unit, built on a compact frame, produces 13 gallons of hydraulic oil flow per minute at 2,500 psi, which makes it capable of powering a wide variety of construction tools. The 25-horsepower, 3-cylinder Kubota diesel

engine is extremely quiet, reliable and fuel efficient. The WP-25D is portable and lightweight at 450 pounds wet. The automatic low-level shut-off on the hydraulic tank prevents pump failure due to low fluid levels, and the high temperature shut-off protects the engine from overheating. For more information, contact 561-994-2750 or email bill@wolverineequipment.com.

New Diamond and Abrasives Catalog from Diamond Products Diamond Products announces the introduction of its new diamond blade, bit and abrasive catalog. The illustrated, fullcolor catalog contains detailed information about the company’s complete line of wet and dry diamond blades, core bits abrasives and accessories. New items included in the catalog feature the shock wave turbo and xlerator high speed turbo blades, together with new core bit types like the plated hole saw and premium tile bits. The Tyrolit abrasives section has been streamlined, providing enhanced application color coding for ease of use when choosing products. For more information, call 800-321-5336 or visit www.diamondproducts.com. W

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INDUSTRY

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Diamond Products Offer Safety Flange Bolt Lock Kit Diamond Products is pleased to introduce the new saw flange bolt lock kit. For use on walk behind saws, this new flange bolt lock kit provides an additional level of security by preventing the blade bolt from unintentionally backing off the saw flange. This safety feature includes the flange lock and required hardware to attach to standard saw flanges. For more information, call 800-321-5336 or visit www.diamondproducts.com.

Two New Core Drill Models From Atlas Copco Improved operator comfort and safe handling for higher performance are key improvements on the LCD 500 and LCD 1500 core drills from Atlas Copco. The new drills will fit into standard drill stands and operate on the same hydraulic flow and pressure. The models can be used to cut into reinforced concrete, basement floors and walls, or to create service junction holes or other holes through bricks and blocks. Improved features include a hand-shaped handle grip with extended rubber cover for enhanced grip and control of rotation torque. Hydraulic inlets and hoses are connected through the handle to support and reduce the torque transferred directly to operator. The extended handle enables operators to better control the core drill when using large diameter bits or performing deep drilling. Trigger locking, with quick lever release, makes for convenient deep hole drilling and drill stand operation. Tail hoses measuring 5 feet (1.6 meters) are thin and flexible with standard flat-face, quick-release couplings. For more information, contact 800-760-4049 or email eudes.defoe@us.atlascopco.com.

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INDUSTRY

B ITS

Grabber Power Rolls Out New Pro Cutter™ Line Grabber Power Products has expanded production of its professional trucks and tool boxes specially manufactured for the concrete cutting industry. Grabber’s new Pro Cutter ™ line of trucks and tool boxes can either be custom ordered or built to customer specifications. The trucks include flat saw, wall saw and core drill combo models. They all come fully equipped with a 480-volt generator and pressurized water system, power or manual rewind reels and specialized storage areas for wet vacuums, flat saws, core drills, blades and core bits. Along with Grabber’s Pro Cutter ™ line of saw trucks, the company also manufactures professional concrete cutting tool boxes. Pro Cutter ™ tool boxes can be designed to customer specifications or can be ordered work-ready with all necessary tools. For more information, call 480-967-2545 or visit www.grabberpower.com.

Treumann Receives Stone 2009 President’s Award Livingstone Treumann, Latin America district sales manager for Stone Construction Equipment, Inc., has received the company’s highest sales honor —The President’s Award. Lynne Woodworth, President and CEO of Stone, presented the award to Mr. Treumann at the company’s recent national sales meeting. “The award is given to the district sales manager who best exemplifies Stone’s philosophy and values — respect, trust, communication, and development — and furthers Stone’s commitment and partnership approach when dealing with customers,” Woodworth said when presenting the award. For more information, contact 800-888-9926 or email sceny@stone-equip.com.

New Fast-Cure Adhesive Anchor System From Hilti

Hilti Tool Fleet Management Loaner Service

Contractors using Hilti’s new HIT-HY 150 MAX fast-cure adhesive anchor system gain improved productivity and assurance of meeting the latest building codes. Able to fully cure in as little as 30 minutes at 68 degrees Fahrenheit, the system is designed for anchor and rebar applications in uncracked concrete. The HIT-HY 150 MAX provides reliable fastening in in-service base materials up to 248 degrees Fahrenheit (with appropriate reduction factors), so anchoring is assured in even the most rugged conditions. The system meets ICC-ES acceptance criteria AC308 (ESR-2262). The system is easy to install and backed by considerable support. Hilti’s PROFIS Anchor v2.0 design software is available for free download at www.us.hilti.com, and operators can increase efficiency and adhesive anchor knowledge through the Hilti basic installer training program. For more information, call 800-879-8000 in the U.S. or 800-363-4458 in Canada, or visit www.us.hilti.com in the U.S. or www.ca.hilti.com in Canada.

When a tool is in for service, the work no longer needs to stop. Hilti tool fleet management customers can receive loaner tools at no cost when their corresponding tool fleet management tool is being repaired. The loaner service is an exclusive Hilti feature for qualifying premium tool fleet management customers. Most hammer drills, demolition hammers, diamond core rigs and drills, rotating and pipe lasers, and select powder- and gas-actuated tools are eligible for the loaner service. Whenever a covered tool goes in for calibration or repair, the tool fleet management customer can request a free loaner tool via express. When the repaired tool is sent back to the customer, a pre-addressed and pre-paid shipping label will be included for return of the loaner tool. The Hilti tool fleet management service includes a comprehensive tool analysis, upgrades that don’t require an up-front investment, tool replacement and theft coverage. For more information, call 800-879-8000 in the U.S. or 800-363-4458 in Canada, or visit www.us.hilti.com in the U.S. or www.ca.hilti.com in Canada.

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WHERE SERVICE IS A CERTAINTY

• USA Manufacturer of Professional Diamond Blades and Core Bits • Family Owned by Garrett & Greg Wolters • Quality Products Manufactured Since 1969 • American Recovery Reinvestment Act Qualified

Toll-Free Phone: 800-654-7224 • Local Phone: 770-921-2464 dixiediamond.com CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 44


CSDA MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION

PRINCIPAL BUSINESS ACTIVITY

$525

$1,090

$810

$855

$1,375

$1,030

$1,285

$2,040

$1,525

$1,730

$3,295

$2,175

$4,420

$2,750

$5,495

$355

$2,465

*AFFILIATE: A person, firm, corporation, society, government agency or other organization providing services to the concrete sawing and drilling industry.

$130

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$630


17reasons

t o b e c o m e a CSDA M e mb e r

Networking at Annual Convention and Quarterly Meetings

Roundtables

The number one benefit for members has always been the opportunity to network with cutting professionals at the annual convention and quarterly meetings.

The roundtable sessions at the annual convention and selected regional meetings give members a chance to share their wisdom and acquire additional knowledge. Information gleaned at the roundtables often saves members money.

Training Programs and Materials Over 1,500 members have graduated from nine classroom and handson training programs: Cutting Edge, Slab Sawing and Drilling 101, Wall Sawing 101, Wire Sawing 101, Operator Certification courses, OSHA Construction Safety and Estimating. Five training and safety videos/ DVDs are available to members at a discount. CSDA also offers online training at www.csdatraining.com for those members who are not able to afford the time off or the money required to send operators to remote classes. The site provides owners/managers with testing, scoring and documentation for employees.

Manuals and Promotional Literature

Concrete Openings Magazine

Specifications, Standards, Tolerances and Best Practices

Concrete Openings is the voice of the cutting industry with a circulation of 16,000 per quarterly issue. Members can advertise at significant discounts and have the opportunity to have their job stories reach 7,000 architects, engineers, general contractors and government officials in the only professional magazine dedicated to concrete cutting. Complimentary copies are available for company promotion.

Specifications, Standards, Tolerances and Best Practices are available for the whole spectrum of cutting disciplines including core drilling, flat sawing, wall sawing, hand sawing and wire sawing. Twenty documents have been developed and new ones are in production.

Insurance Program The CSDA Insurance Program offers members coverage that includes Workers’ Compensation, auto, comprehensive general liability, environmental pollution, professional liability, equipment, Employment Practices Liability (EPL) and other lines specifically geared for the concrete cutting industry.

CSDA Website The CSDA website at www.csda.org contains a wealth of information available 24/7 in the members only section. The online discussion boards also provide members a forum to discuss technical issues, sell equipment, hire employees or any other relevant topics.

CSDA Safety Resources and Toolbox Safety Tips (TSTs) The 230-page CSDA Safety Manual and CSDA 57-page Safety Handbook are designed specifically for concrete cutters and are available to members at a significant discount. TSTs are a positive way of communicating to your employees that your company is serious about their health and safety. They can be used in employee safety meetings and can be an important part of your company’s safety program.

Representation with Governmental Organizations CSDA have formed an Alliance with OSHA to advance the safety of cutting contractors. This partnership includes issuing Best Practice documents, joint exhibitions at trade shows, review of safety materials and the OSHA Joint Design for Safety Construction Roundtable. CSDA also actively participates with NIOSH on field testing and the NORA Construction Workgroup.

Mentor Program

Members have access to manuals developed specifically for them. Members can make presentations with the Diamond Advantage Seminar Planning & Presentation Manual and find out how to market their company with the How to Market Your Concrete Cutting Business Manual. Four-color brochures, flyers and a video/DVD are ready for member use to promote their business to customers. Materials are designed so members can easily personalize them and avoid the cost of developing their own.

Resource Guide and Membership Directory The CSDA membership directory is available in print form and on the website at www.csda.org. The searchable web directory is especially valuable as the CSDA website averages 150,000 pages viewed per month. The Specifications, Standards, Tolerances and Best Practices are included in the print version.

Membership Profile Analysis Periodic survey of members to collect statistical information on operating and financial information such as wages, profit and loss, safety, equipment and diamond tool costs.

Slurry Analysis Report This is an association-sponsored, 60-page report for members. The slurry analysis was performed by an environmental engineering firm with data compared to federal standards and recommended guidelines for slurry management.

FREE World of Concrete Registration Members receive free registration and reduced seminar fees for the industry’s annual exhibition of concrete-related equipment and supplies.

Discount Programs CSDA offers its members exclusive programs for insurance, equipment leasing and online training, plus discounts on credit collection services, drug testing and safety services.

Cooperation with Industry Associations CSDA is a founding member of the International Association of Concrete Drillers and Sawers and works with other associations around the globe to promote concrete cutting and the use of professional cutting operators.

New members can receive personalized assistance from a current CSDA Board or committee member during their first year of membership. w w w. CS DA. ORG

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Certified Operator Companies Companies listed here have invested time and money to send their operators to CSDA’s Operator Certification. If you are committed to professionalism in the concrete cutting industry, consider sending your operators through the training programs offered by CSDA. A.E. BRICE & ASSOCIATES, INC. 1510 Aspen Street Baltimore, MD 21226 Tel: 410-354-8890 Fax: 410-354-8894 www.sawconcrete.com ABC Cutting Contractors— Birmingham 3060 Dublin Circle Bessemer, AL 35022 Tel: 205-425-7711 Fax: 205-425-7769 www.abccuttingala.com Advanced Coring & Cutting Corp. 919 Highway 33, Building 26 Freehold, NJ 07728 Tel: 732-409-7733 Fax: 732-409-0032 www.advancedcoringandcutting.com Ambercroft Labourers’ 506 Training Centre 1600 Major Mackenzie Drive East Richmond Hill, Ontario L4S 1P4 CANADA Tel: 905-883-4268 Fax: 905-883-4894 www.506tc.org Atlantic Concrete Cutting, Inc. 396 North Pemberton Road Mt. Holly, NJ 08060 Tel: 609-261-7200 Fax: 609-261-7246 www.atlanticconcretecutting.com

Cal West Concrete Cutting, Inc. 3000 Tara Court Union City, CA 94587 Tel: 510-656-0253 Fax: 510-656-8563 www.calwestconcretecutting.com

Cal West Concrete Cutting, Inc. 1153 Vanderbilt Circle Manteca, CA 95337 Tel: 209-823-2236 Fax: 209-823-0740 www.calwestconcretecutting.com

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Central Concrete Cutting, Inc.

DeAndrea Coring & Sawing, Inc.

W719 Leroy Street Edgar, WI 54426 Tel: 715-352-2552 Fax: 715-849-2028 www.centralconcretecutting.com

6385 Grandview Avenue Arvada, CO 80002 Tel: 303-422-3885 Fax: 303-431-9661 www.deandreacoring.com

Concrete Cutting Specialists, Inc.

Delta Contractors & Associates, LLC

6455 Pierce Road Freeland, MI 48623 Tel: 989-791-2032 Fax: 989-791-3915

605 South Caton Avenue Baltimore, MD 21229 Tel: 410-624-0990 Fax: 410-624-0991 www.deltacontractorsllc.com

Concrete Penetrating Co. P.O. Box 35766 Dallas, TX 75235 Tel: 214-634-2990 Fax: 214-634-0953

Concrete Renovation, Inc. 6600 Randolph Boulevard San Antonio, TX 78233 Tel: 210-653-6120 Fax: 210-590-2316 www.concreterenovation.com

Core Solutions Ltd. P.O. Box 3349 Maraval TRINIDAD & TOBAGO Tel: 868-622-8334 Fax: 868-622-3074 www.coresolutionsltd.com

Derrick Concrete Cutting & Construction Ltd. 7039 - Gateway Boulevard Edmonton, Alberta T6H 2J1 CANADA Tel: 780-436-7934 Fax: 780-435-4389 www.derrickconcrete.com

Dixie Concrete Cutting Co. 5297 Port Boulevard South College Park, GA 30349 Tel: 404-761-1100 Fax: 404-669-2550

Dixie Concrete Cutting, Inc. 16 Maple Creek Circle Greenville, SC 29607 Tel: 864-627-8744 Fax: 864-299-5009

Hafner and Son, Inc. 90 Atlas Road Northampton, PA 18067 Tel: 610-262-4805 Fax: 610-262-4809 www.hafnerandson.com

Hard Rock Concrete Cutters, Inc. 601 Chaddick Drive Wheeling, IL 60090 Tel: 847-699-0010 Fax: 847-699-0292 www.hardrockconcretecutters.com

Hard Rock Sawing & Drilling Specialist Co. P.O. Box 718 Keshena, WI 54135 Tel: 715-799-3823 Fax: 262-723-5060

Holes Incorporated 9911 Franklin Road Houston, TX 77070 Tel: 281-469-7070 Fax: 281-469-6207 www.holesinc.com

Holes of san antonio, inc. 118 Braniff Dr San Antonio, TX 78216 Tel: 210-349-5256 Fax: 210-349-0727 www.holesofsa.com

E. Luke Greene Company, Inc.

International Drilling & Sawing, Inc.

1107 North Redmond Road Jacksonville, AR 72076 Tel: 501-779-4072 Fax: 501-985-9781 www.sawconcrete.com

619 East Maple Street Johnson City, TN 37601 Tel: 423-926-1151 Fax: 423-926-5558 www.elukegreene.com

P.O. Box 250013 Montgomery, AL 36125 Tel: 334-288-2355 Fax: 334-288-7299 www.idscuts.com

Coring & Cutting Services of Bentonville 2711 SE Otis Corley Drive Bentonville, AR 72712 Tel: 479-271-9672 Fax: 479-271-9674 www.sawconcrete.com

east coast concrete cutting co., inc.

K.C. Coring & Cutting Construction, Inc. 7240 Central Street Kansas City, MO 64114 Tel: 816-523-2015 Fax: 816-523-8493 www.sawconcrete.com

CORING & CUTTING SERVICES, INC.

Cut-Rite Concrete Cutting Corp. 22 Lockbridge Street Pawtucket, RI 02860 Tel: 401-728-8200 Fax: 401-727-2953 www.cutriteccc.com

7229 Montevideo Road Jessup, MD 20794 Tel: 410-799-4540 Fax: 410-799-1978

GRONEMEIER CONCRETE CUTTING, INC. 22 White Place Bloomington, IL 61701 Tel: 309-829-7991 Fax: 309-829-2685 www.gronemeier.com

LOMBARDO DIAMOND CORE DRILLING CO. 2225 De Le Cruz Blvd. Santa Clara, CA 95050 Tel: 408-727-7922 Fax: 408-988-5326 www.lombardodrilling.com


M6 Concrete Cutting & Coring

Roughneck Concrete Drilling & Sawing

1030 South McComas Street Wichita, KS 67213 Tel: 316-833-3640 Fax: 316-264-3517 www.conacc.com

8400 Lehigh Avenue Morton Grove, IL 60053 Tel: 847-966-6666 Fax: 847-966-6577 www.roughneck1.com

Pacific Concrete Cutting & Coring, Inc.

True-Line Coring & Cutting of Knoxville 1902 Middlebrook Pike Knoxville, TN 37921 Tel: 865-637-2131 Fax: 865-637-1973 www.sawconcrete.com

P.O. Box 662261 Lihue, HI 96766 Tel: 808-245-7171 Fax: 808-245-9393

Penhall co./ Concrete Coring Company of Hawaii, Inc. 99-1026 Iwaena Street Aiea, HI 96701 Tel: 808-488-8222 Fax: 808-487-6679 www.penhall.com

Professional Concrete Sawing

CSDA November 2009 Training Dates CSDA Slab Sawing and Drilling 201

November 9–10, 2009

True-Line Coring & Cutting of Nashville 280 Hermitage Avenue Nashville, TN 37210 Tel: 615-255-2673 Fax: 615-255-9685 www.sawconcrete.com

CSDA Estimating

November 10–11, 2009 CSDA Wall Sawing 201

November 11–12, 2009 CSDA Wire Sawing 201

November 13–14, 2009 All classes take place at St. Petersburg College, Clearwater, Florida. For more information, call 727-577-5004, visit www.csda.org or email info@csda.org.

8539 Oliver Road Erie, PA 16509 Tel: 814-566-5555 Fax: 814-866-5555

CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 90

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New Members The Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association is a nonprofit trade association of contractors, manufacturers, distributors and affiliates from the construction and renovation industry. Membership in CSDA is open to concrete cutting contractors, manufacturers and distributors

of concrete cutting equipment and affiliated companies who provide products and services to the concrete sawing and drilling industry. Founded in 1972, CSDA reached the milestone of 500 member companies in 2006.

North American Contractor

Concrete Cutting & Services

Adam Helmerichs 1900 SW 40th St Lincoln, NE 68522 Tel: 402-239-7087 Fax: 402-261-4660 Email: diamondsawing@yahoo.com

Interstate Sawing & Drilling, LLC David Desserault 2455 Beaudry Rd Moxee, WA 98936 Tel: 509-834-2044 Fax: 509-452-7334 Email: mike@poppoffinc.com www.poppoffinc.com

Richard LeBlanc PO Box 801 Gilbert, AZ 85299 Tel: 602-453-3252 Fax: 602-453-3258 Email: richard@yjdrilling.com www.yjdrilling.com

Overseas Contractor

Bill Xia 1040 S Milwaukee Ave Ste 230 Wheeling, IL 60090 Tel: 847-890-1588 Fax: 847-510-0608 Email: sales@3jtools.com www.3jtools.com

Anand Gopalakrishan Ramakrishnan 393, 28th Main, 1st Sector HSR Layout Bangalore 560102 INDIA Tel: 91-98 4543 3300 Fax: 91-80 2572 7923 Email: sairetrofabs@gmail.com www.sairetrofabs.com

Rahul A. Chawan 1, Sharda Kutir, Dr Ambedker Road Muland (W), Mumbai-400080 INDIA Tel: 91-22 2569 3708 Fax: 91-22 2593 9108 Email: anuwrita@gmail.com www.cutsncores.com

Travis Robinson PO Box 690 Daly City, CA 94017 Tel: 650-994-7000 Fax: 650-994-7001 Email: travscal@yahoo.com

3J International Group, LLC

Sai Retrofabs

ANUWRITA SERVICES PVT LTD

robinson company

Manufacturer

Brett Murray PO Box 382 Maitland, Cape Town 7404 SOUTH AFRICA Tel: 27-2 1510 6725 Fax: 27-2 1510 6725 Email: brett@ccscape.co.za www.ccscape.co.za

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cutter’s corner This classified section is for use by anyone who wants to sell or buy used equipment, post help wanted ads or advertise business opportunities. Anyone interested in placing ads should send copy to Concrete Openings Classifieds, 11001 Danka Way North, Suite 1, St. Petersburg, FL 33716. Copy can also be faxed to 727-577-5012 or emailed to rhitchen@concreteopenings.com. Cost: $100 for 10 lines for members; $200 for non-members. Additional lines $10 each. Copy must be in the CSDA office no later than the first day of the month preceding publication.

FOR SALE 9-inch-diameter continuous tubing 0.250-inch wall thickness / BGN 4-thread We have used 9-inch-diameter continuous tubing, back ends and diamond bit 5 6 | J Ufor NE .09 crowns sale. Used on one job and all items in very good shape. Call us! • 6ea Diamond bit crowns 9 by 0.375 inches • 2ea Back ends • 2ea 12-inch long tubes • 6ea 48-inch long tubes For more information, call K2 Diamond at 800-539-6116 or visit www.k2diamond.com.

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2007

Concrete Openings Website Launched! The Official Magazine of CSDA Has a New Home The Concrete Sawing & Drilling Association (CSDA) is pleased to announce the launch of a new website for Concrete Openings magazine. The website is filled with all the latest job stories, featured articles, industry press materials and other associated news that makes the magazine such a popular choice with industry professionals. The website also contains: • Current and Past Issues • Job Story Archives • Discussion Forums • Website and Magazine Advertising Info Contact the CSDA office at 727-577-5004 or email rhitchen@concreteopenings.com for more information.

www.concreteopenings.com

555

Diamond Concrete Cutting, Inc.

Yellow Jacket Drilling Services, LLC

2008


Calendar 2009 CSDA Fall Meeting

September 16-17, 2009 Portland Marriott City Center Portland, OR Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: pat@csda.org Concrete 09

September 17-19, 2009 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Website: www.concreteinstitute.com.au International Concrete Polishing and Staining Conference

October 1-4, 2009 Gwinnett Center Atlanta, GA Tel: 716-706-1229 Website: www.icpsc2009.com Email: cgriffasi@icpscllc.com CSDA Slab Sawing and Drilling 201

November 9-10, 2009 St. Petersburg College Clearwater, FL Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org CSDA Wall Sawing 201

November 11-12, 2009 St. Petersburg College Clearwater, FL Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

CSDA Wire Sawing 201

CSDA Wall Sawing 101

November 13-14, 2009 St. Petersburg College Clearwater, FL Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

February 2-4, 2010 Las Vegas Convention Center Las Vegas, NV Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

CSDA Estimating

CSDA Board Meeting

November 10-11, 2009 St. Petersburg College Clearwater, FL Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

February 3, 2010 Las Vegas Convention Center Las Vegas, NV Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: pat@csda.org

CSDA Winter Meeting

CSDA Spring Meeting

December 3-4, 2009 Hyatt Regency Coconut Point Bonita Springs, FL Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: pat@csda.org

March 2-3, 2010 Loews Coronado Bay Resort Coronado, CA Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

CONEXPO Asia 2009

CSDA Estimating

National Demolition Association 2010 Convention

November 16-19, 2009 Guangzhou, China Website: www.conexpoasia.com

March 2-3, 2010 Loews Coronado Bay Resort Coronado, CA Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

Bauma 2010

2010 World of Concrete 2010 February 1-5, 2010

CSDA 2010 Convention

March 4-6, 2010 Loews Coronado Bay Resort Coronado, CA Tel: 727-577-5004 Website: www.csda.org Email: info@csda.org

March 21-24, 2010 The Mirage Las Vegas, NV Tel: 800-541-2412 Website: www.demolitionassociation.com April 19-25, 2010 New Munich Trade Fair Centre Munich, Germany Website: www.bauma.de

Las Vegas Convention Center Las Vegas, NV Tel: 866-962-7469 Website: www.worldofconcrete.com

Why I joined CSDA Like most people in business, we have asked ourselves ‘why should we join an association?’ before we actually became members. Over the years we have joined several different organizations looking for a good fit. With one in particular, it seemed like all we were doing was sending money for the privilege of saying we belonged to that association. During that period we had always taken time to stop by the CSDA booth at World of Concrete.We were impressed with all the information they had, and there always seemed to be something

Ty Connor and Patti Austin

new that they were providing to their members. In 2005, we decided that we would become CSDA members. This

experience with the other members. This organization allows us the opportunity

time around, we wanted to do more than just send money.We have

to pick up the phone and call other members to discuss particular job issues.

made a conscience effort to participate in the seasonal meetings and

These phone calls have not only helped our business, but our employees as well.

have been able to share these learning experiences with our staff.

Our experience with CSDA has been money well spent!

We have utilized the many items that CSDA has to offer—from the

Ty Connor and Patti Austin Austin Enterprise Bakersfield, California Email: paustin@austin-enterprise.com

safety manuals to the toolbox safety tips, as well as the videos and online training. What we value the most is the camaraderie that we

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AdvertiserS To receive additional information about products advertised in this issue, return the reader service card enclosed or contact vendors below.

PAGE

ADVERTISER

PHONE EMAIL RS NO.

55

Advanced Cutting Technologies, Inc.

204-777-6588

ted@advancedcuttingtechnologies.ca

90

46

Brokk, Inc.

425-890-5534

henrik@brokkinc.com

9

Inside Back Cover Diamond B, Inc.

562-926-8595

steveg@diamondbinc.com

7

5 Diamond Pauber srl

39-05 85 830425

pauber@diamondpauber.it

99

48, 49, Inside Front Cover Diamond Products

440-323-4616

jpalmer@diamondproducts.com

1

17 Diamond Vantage, Inc.

816-268-8310

info@diamondvantage.com

80

8, 28 DITEQ Corporation

816-246-5515

bcoats@diteq.com

76

51 Dixie Diamond Manufacturing

770-921-2464

gregwolters@dixiediamond.com

44

41 Expert Equipment Company

713-797-9886

sales@expertequipment.com

33

43 Geophysical Survey Systems, Inc. (GSSI)

603-893-1109

thomasj@geophysical.com

4

39 Hicycle Motor Manufacturing, Inc.

503-824-6119

hicyclemotors@colton.com

100

30, 31, Outside Back Cover Husqvarna Construction Products

913-928-1442

cate.stratemeier@husqvarna.com

11

2 ICS, Blount Inc.

503-653-4497

joet@icsbestway.com

5

37 Iowa Wall Sawing

319-934-3280

mitch@iowawallsawing.com

70

39

773-463-6565

angelicalarios@ndtjames.com

8

21 Norton Pro Diamond

800-854-3281

stephen.m.anderson@saint-gobain.com

64

35

770-287-8555

mark.procontractor@charter.net

19

25 Sanders Saws, Inc.

800-421-1244

sales@sanderssaws.com

—

45 Toolgal USA Corp

706-283-9556

iair@toolgalusa.com

17

29 Tractive AB

562-445-6429

terry@pentruderinc.com

50

13

Western Saw

805-981-0999

cole@westernsaw.com

65

59

World of Concrete

727-577-5004

info@csda.org

—

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James Instruments, Inc.

ProContractor Supply, Inc.


rete. c n o C f o d l r to Wo n r u t H G U e TO h t , h g u o t s t ing ge o g e h t n e h W

n invites o ti ia c o s s A g & Drilling in w a S te e r c 10. Support 0 2 te e r The Con c n o d World of C n e tt a to u o y online with r te is g e r — tion Exhibits-Only E E your associa R F t e g d A26 an source code OC 2010! W ber 2009. Admission to tration open

s Septem

If you’re not here, you’re going to be a step behind. This industry constantly changes and you’ve got to stay up to date if you’re going to compete.

gis Attendee Re

- Brad Kleman, Anderson Contractors Inc. Fort Pierre, South Dakota

February 2-5, 2010 | Seminars: February 1-5 Las Vegas Convention Center | Las Vegas, Nevada

www.worldofconcrete.com Certified by the U.S. Department of Commerce International Buyer Program

source code:

A26

Exhibits | Leading Suppliers & New Products | World-Class Education Program | Outdoor Events &cDemonstrations oncrete openings |

w w w.CS DA. ORG

CIRCLE READER service CARD NO. 50

59


Director’s Dialogue

The Right Amount of Communication

Patrick o’brien Executive Director

T

he Internet, email, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and other forms

Recently in welcoming a new member to CSDA, I asked about the

of communication, while offering so many useful benefits, have

welcome package of information that we send to new members. The

to be managed properly if they are going to be of benefit to you.

cutting contractor was complimentary about the substantial amount

Recently I was called by a survey company on behalf of a large

of information we had sent and said that he was busy getting his new

association to answer questions pertaining to how much communication

business up and running. Setting up a safety program for the company

I received from the association. At one point, I just said that I received

was a major priority. I asked if he had taken a look at the CSDA Safety

far too much information from this association and the interviewer

Manual and his answer was no. CSDA hired a consultant to develop

just laughed. My assumption to his reaction was that many others had

this manual specifically for cutting contractors. This 230-page manual

expressed a similar notion. The association in question can easily send

is available on CD and can be customized. It covers every major safety

three to six emails per week, plus regular mail, magazines and event

issue one could imagine and includes questions and answers at the end

registration notices. It just simply is overload and I often delete most

of each section for review. The cutting contractor ordered the manual

of the emails before ever reading them. Important information may be

and I have since learned that he is well on his way to developing his

going unread because of this information overload.

own company safety program.

If you were to survey the thousands of associations that exist, I

The materials that CSDA provides to members are available on the

believe you would find that communications with members range from

website 24/7. We trust that this kind of availability makes it easier for

minimal communication to excess communication. CSDA has always

members to get the information that they want when they want it. The

been conscious about this fact, and tries to keep communications to a

challenge for CSDA will continue to be the optimization of the delivery

minimum while still keeping members informed. Our member surveys

of information to members, and specifiers, through various forms of

show that we generally do a good job in this regard, but some members

communication. The goal, as always, is to provide just the right amount

may feel that we communicate too much.

of information at the right time to the right people.

A number of years ago a member was considering not rejoining. In a phone conversation with the contractor, I realized that this member was not reading any of the materials sent from CSDA. The materials provided to members, especially small members, are invaluable in helping cutting contractors succeed. The contractor said he would review the material we sent and I don’t really know if he did or not. But a couple of years later, he went out of business. My guess is that he did not read our communications.

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s e pA t eUm Gb U eS rT.. 0 7 9

Not Just A Pipe Dream

Diamond Wire Saw Cuts with Speed and Precision Entertainment Venue Wall Sawed in Denver

Bulgarian Nuclear Power Plant Dismantling Works

Drilling has never been easier.

Wire Sawing Italian Arch-Gravity Dam

The DM 330 electric drill motor has a 3-speed gearbox and is available in low speed and high speed models. The high speed model is capable of 350/780/1340 rpm under full load and 240/540/930 rpm for the low speed model. The models can accommodate a wide range of drill bits, from 1" - 14" in diameter. The LED indicator shows the load of the machine and makes it possible for the operator to drill at maximum pressure for best performance. The drill motor is equipped with ElgardTM overload protection, SoftstartTM which limits the current for a smoother start and SmartstartTM that reduces speed and simplifies the initial stages of drilling.

HUSQVARNA CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS 17400 West 119th Street • Olathe, Kansas 66061 • T 800-845-1312 • F 800-257-9284 2077 Bond Street • North Bay, Ontario P1B 8J8 • T 800-461-9589 • F 800-728-1907 www.husqvarnacp.com Copyright © 2009 Husqvarna AB (publ.). All rights reserved. Husqvarna is a registered trademark of Husqvarna AB (publ.).

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September 09 - Concrete Openings