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CENTRAL AMERICAN COMMISSION FOR MARITIME TRANSPORT

Statistical Summary

Network Members of

Central American Port Statistics

Year 2011

“ For a Competitive Region and Integrated Development of Maritime Transport and International Commerce ”


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Credits

Network members of Central American port statistics Guatemala Daniel Humberto Lemus Calderon

CIBIGUA Puerto Barrios

dlemus@chiquita.com

Ramiro Antonio Ortiz Flores

Empresa Portuaria Nacional Santo Tomas de Castilla

Rortiz@santotomasport.com.gt

Jaime Rolando Rousselin

Comisión Portuaria Nacional

rrousselin@cpn.gob.gt

Ana Luisa Mejía

Empresa Portuaria Quetzal

estadisticas@puerto-quetzal.com

El Salvador Iris Lisseth Perla Conde

Puerto Corsain

creditos@puertocorsain.com

Jade Rivera

Autoridad Marítima Portuaria de El Salvador

jrivera@amp.gob.sv

Salvador Ernesto Maya Sánchez

CEPA – ACAJUTLA

salvador.maya@cepa.gob.sv

Honduras Argentina Mejia Martinez

Empresa Nacional Portuaria de Honduras

argentmhn@yahoo.com.mx

Nicaragua Filemon Bonilla

Empresa Portuaria Nacional- Nicaragua fbonilla@epn.com.ni

Miguel Angel Malespin

Ministerio de Transporte e Infraestructura MTI

dgta@mti.gob.ni

Costa Rica Rocio Valverde Rojas

JAPDEVA

rvalverde@japdeva.go.cr

Gustavo Chavarría Valverde

INCOP

gchavarria@incop.go.cr

Panamá Jackeline Ulloa

Autoridad Marítima de Panamá

julloa@amp.gob.pa

COCATRAM Otto Guillermo Noack Serrano Director Ejecutivo COCATRAM onoack@cocatram.org.ni

José Dopeso Aparicio Director de Asunto Marítimos y Portuarios jdopeso@cocatram.org.ni

Marli Ocampo Hernández Analista Estadística mocampo@cocatram.org.ni

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INDEX Foreword........................................................................................................................................................ 6 Conventional Signs ..................................................................................................................................... 7 Acronyms ....................................................................................................................................................... 7 1.

Cargo Movement ................................................................................................................................ 8 1.1

Cargo handled by country and port ................................................................................... 8

1.2

Foreign trade and port traffic ............................................................................................ 13

1.3

Cargo handled by seaboard ................................................................................................ 14

1.4

Cargo handled by quarter ................................................................................................... 18

1.5

Cargo handled by type of handling .................................................................................. 20

1.6

Cargo handled in CACM ports ............................................................................................ 26

1.7

Origin and destination of cargo ....................................................................................... 28

2.

Vessels attended to ......................................................................................................................... 36

3.

Containers and trailer trucks ..................................................................................................... 39

TABLES Table 1: Cargo handled in ports by country ............................................................................ 8 Table 2: Central American Isthmus: Cargo handled by portยกError! Marcador no definido. Table 3. Central American Isthmus: Value and volume of foreign trade by country ................................................................................................................................................................ 13 Table 4. Central American Isthmus: Volume of foreign trade and cargo handled at seaports,.............................................................................................................................................. 14 Table 5: Cargo offloaded and loaded on the Caribbean seaboard by port ................ 16 Table 6: Cargo offloaded and loaded on the Pacific seaboard by port (thousands of MT), 2011 ........................................................................................................................................... 17 Table 7. Distribution of cargo handled in ports by year by type of handling (percentages) 2007 - 2011 .......................................................................................................... 20

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2011

Table 8. Comparative percentage distribution of cargo by country by type of handling .............................................................................................................................................. 25

CHARTS Chart No. 1: Percentage of cargo handled by country.......................................................... 9 Chart No. 2. Central American Isthmus: Cargo handled by port ................................... 11 Chart No. 3. Central American Isthmus: Cargo offloaded and loaded by seaboard ................................................................................................................................................................ 15 Chart No. 4. Cargo handled in ports by quarter and by country .................................. 18 Chart No. 5. Cargo offloaded in ports by quarter by country ........................................ 19 (Thousands of MT), 2011 ............................................................................................................. 19 Chart No. 6. Cargo loaded in ports by quarter by country ............................................. 20 Chart No. 7. Central American Isthmus: Volume of containerized cargo by seaboard ............................................................................................................................................. 21 Chart No. 8. Central American Isthmus: Total cargo moved in ports by type of handling .............................................................................................................................................. 22 Chart No. 9. Central American Isthmus: Cargo offloaded in ports by type of handling .............................................................................................................................................. 23 Chart No. 10. Central American Isthmus: Cargo loaded by type of handling......... 24 Chart No. 11. Central American Isthmus: Cargo moved in ports by type of handling by seaboard .................................................................................................................... 25 Chart No. 12. Distribution of cargo offloaded and loaded in the CACM by seaboard (percentage), 2011 ......................................................................................................................... 26 Chart No. 13.- Total cargo handled in ports by CACM countries .................................. 27 Chart 14.- Total cargo by type of handling handled in CACM ports ............................ 27 Chart 15. - Central American Isthmus: Origin and destination of cargo handled in ports by geographic region of the world ................................................................................ 29 Chart 16. - Central American Isthmus: Percentage of cargo handled in ports by geographic region of the world.................................................................................................. 29 Guatemala: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region ............................. 30 Acajutla: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT) 2011............ 31 Honduras: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region ............................... 32

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2011

Nicaragua: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region .............................. 33 Costa Rica: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region .............................. 33 Panama: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region ................................... 34 Chart 17.-Central American Isthmus: Origin of cargo handled in ports by country by geographic region of the world (thousands of MT ....................................................... 35 Chart 18.-Central American Isthmus: Destination of cargo handled in ports by country by geographic region of the world .......................................................................... 36 Chart No. 19.- Central American Isthmus: Percentage distribution by type of vessel.................................................................................................................................................... 38 Chart No. 20. Percentage distribution by type of vessel in CACM ports .................... 38 Chart No. 21. - Central American Isthmus: Container traffic in ports ........................ 40 Chart No. 22. - Central American Isthmus: Container traffic by seaboard ............... 40

ANNEXES Port traffic in Central America, 2001-2011 .......................................................................... 42 Vessel Arrivals in Central America, 2001-2011 .................................................................. 43 Container throughput at Central America ............................................................................. 44 Summary Table. - Central America: Traffic by Ports ......................................................... 45 Table 1.- Central America: Cargo Throughput by country and ports ......................... 47 Table 2: Central America: Vessel arrivals by port, quarterly ......................................... 48 Table 3: Central America: Vessel arrivals by ship type ................................................... 50 Table 4: Traffic by cargo type ................................................................................................... 52 Table 4-A. Central America: Traffic offloaded by cargo type ........................................ 54 Table 4-B: Central America: Traffic loaded by cargo type ............................................ 56 Table 5: Central America: Origin and Destination of cargo geographic regions .... 58 Table 7: Central American: Container throughput in TEU ............................................. 64 Table 8:. Central American: Cruise vessels and passengers arrivals by port, (units), 2011 ..................................................................................................................................................... 66 Glossary of Terms .................................................................................................................................... 67 LIST OF COUNTRIES BY REGION OF THE WORLD ..................................................................... 70

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Foreword

The Central American Maritime Transport Commission (COCATRAM) is pleased to present to the maritime port community of the Central American isthmus this Summary of Maritime Port Statistics for 2010 as a tool for support in decision-making and research in the subsector. This Statistical Summary is structured in two parts, the first with three sections: Cargo, Vessels, and Containers that briefly take up the main aspects of port performance in the Central American region in 2010. The second part contains the annexes with statistical tables that consolidate the regional information. The main sources of information are the Port Companies and Authorities of the region that compile national port statistics through the members of the Central American Network of Maritime Port Statistics that has functioned since 2000, coordinated by COCATRAM. Information is presented from the 40 ports for international service operated by State and private companies in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. The three sections making up the first part of the Summary present in a general and commented manner the information related to cargo, vessels, and container traffic in relation to the ports, countries, total volume of foreign trade, type of handling, origin and destination of the cargo by port and geographic region, type of vessel, and container size, among others. For the second straight year, this issue includes the Origin and Destination of the cargo, as well as a glossary of terms used that are related to the Statistical Summary, offering the users other elements for consideration in decision-making. COCATRAM, together with the port companies and authorities of the Central American isthmus, has maintained its commitment to publishing this document, completely aware of its great importance.

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Conventional Signs -:

Data not applicable

‌:

Information not available

0:

Figure did not reach the first expressed unit

Acronyms C:

Caribbean Seaboard

C.C.T . :

Colon Container Terminal

COCATRAM :

Central American Commission of Maritime Transport.

C.P.T. :

Colon Port Terminal

CACM :

Central American Common Marked

MIT :

Manzanillo International Terminal

PATSA :

Petro America Terminal S.A

PPC :

Panama Port Cristobal

PPB :

Panama Port Balboa

P:

Pacific Seaboard

TEU :

Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit

MT :

Metric Ton

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2011

1. Cargo Movement 1.1

Cargo handled by country and port

The total volume of cargo moved in Central American ports in 2011 was 116,355.70 thousand MT, 12,603.65 thousand MT (11.42%) more than in 2010. Unloading during this period accounted for 68,588.14 thousand MT or 58.95% of the total, while loading accounted for 47,767.56 thousand MT or 41.05% of the total. The Caribbean ports moved 60,566.30 thousand MT or 52.06% of the total for the isthmus with a 28.09% share of offloading and 23.96% of loading, while the ports on the Pacific seaboard moved 55,789.40 thousand MT or 47.94% of the total, with a 30.87% share of offloading and 17.09% of loading. Table 1: Cargo handled in ports by country (Thousands of MT), 2010 – 2011 Country

2011

Distribution percentage 2011

2010

Distribution percentage 2010

Difference percentage 2010-2011

Guatemala

18,301.25

15.73%

16,876.03

16.20%

8.45%

El Salvador

5,847.54

5.03%

5,391.76

5.18%

8.45%

Honduras

12,136.68

10.43%

10,581.59

10.16%

14.70%

Nicaragua

3,437.74

2.95%

3,009.15

2.89%

14.24%

Costa Rica

14,207.36

12.21%

13,474.09

12.94%

5.44%

CACM

53,930.57

46.35%

49,332.62

47.37%

9.32%

Panama CENTRAL AMERICAN

62,425.13

53.65%

54,819.43

52.63%

13.87%

116,355.70

100.00%

104,152.05

100.00%

11.72%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

As in 2010, the ports of the Central American isthmus saw an increase in cargo movement at the ports. According to the table above, Honduras and Nicaragua had the greatest increases with 14.7% and 14.24%, respectively, followed by Panama with 13.87%, El Salvador and Guatemala with 8.45%, and Costa Rica with 5.44%. The table shows comparative data for 2010 and 2011 for cargo distribution by country, in relative terms. The countries maintained their percentage share of the distribution of cargo moved in the isthmus, with not very significant differences. The chart below shows cargo distribution for the countries of the isthmus and we can see that as in previous years, Panama accounted for a little more than half of the cargo moved in the region (52.63%) in 2011 and the rest of the countries maintained their share compared to previous years, with only a slight variation.

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Chart No. 1: Percentage of cargo handled by country (Thousands of MT and Percentages), 2011 Guatemala 18,301.25 15.73% Panama 62,425.13 53.64%

El Salvador 5,872.90 5.05%

Honduras 12,136.68 10.43%

Costa Rica 14,207.36 12.21%

Nicaragua 3,437.74 2.95%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

In 2011, Guatemala had 8.45% more cargo movement at its ports compared to 2010 with the Pacific representing 57.11% of the total and the Caribbean 42.89%. Unloading accounted for 61.44% of the country’s total cargo movement and loading accounted for 38.56%. The ports of Quetzal, Santo Tomás de Castilla, and the Boyas de San José Terminal had cargo increases of 12.02%, 10.61%, and 7.09%, respectively, while Port Barrios decreased by -4.22% in 2011 compared to 2010. Quetzal accounted for 45.81% (8,382.94 thousand MT) of the country’s total cargo movement, while Santo Tomás de Castilla accounted for 28.68% (5,248.80 thousand MT) in absolute figures. Cargo movements at Port Barrios and the Boyas de San José Terminal in Guatemala represented 14.21% and 11.31%, respectively.

As in 2010, cargo movement in El Salvador continued to increase. In 2011, there was an 8.45% increase that represented 455.78 thousand MT more than in 2010. Its main port at Acajutla accounted for 95.02% of this increase. Even with operations getting underway at the port of La Unión, in 2011 Acajutla did not suffer a drop in cargo handling, but instead continued to increase its share as it did in 2010 with 7.68% more than in the previous period. Corsain, which had a drop in cargo movement in 2010, increased by 9.55% in 2011 over 2010 and the port at La Unión that began operations in June 2010 managed to move 40.88 thousand MT in 2011.

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2011

In 2011, this country had a 14.70% increase over 2010. Its main port, Cortés, was fourth in the isthmus in terms of cargo handling in the region with 8.01% of all the cargo for the region. The total cargo offloaded in the country accounted for 60.09% of this, while the Caribbean ports moved 86.40% of the country’s cargo. The port at San Lorenzo had a 40.58% in cargo flow compared to 2010, while Castilla, Cortés, and Tela had cargo movement increases of 12.36%, 11.69%, and 5.93%, respectively. The port at La Ceiba saw a -75.13% decrease in cargo movement during this period.

Compared to 2010, Nicaragua increased its cargo movement by 14.27% with the Arlen Siú Port having the greatest increase (23.89%). The Port of Corinto (the country’s main port with 97.70% of all cargo) had a 16.61% increase, while Puerto Cabezas, Puerto Sandino, and El Bluff increased by 12.12%, 8.34%, and 4.61%, respectively.

Costa Rica had a 5.44% increase in 2011 compared to 2010. Its main port, Limón-Moín on the Caribbean seaboard, moved 70.23% of the total (55.17% offloaded and 44.83% loaded). The variation in cargo volume at the Limón-Moín port from 2010 to 2011 was almost imperceptible (under 1%). Caldera had an 18.88% increase during this period, Golfito moved 3.28% of the cargo on the Pacific side, Puntarenas had a 55.02% increase, and the Fertica Terminal had an increase of 13.32%.

Although there was no increase in the volume of cargo handled in 2010, there was a 13.87% increase in 2011, equivalent to 7,605.70 thousand MT. 52.46% of the cargo was moved in its Caribbean ports with the remaining 47.54% being moved on the Pacific. 55.6% of the total cargo was offloaded and 44.4% was loaded. The PPB, MIT, and PPC ports, as in 2010, continued to lead in terms of the volume of cargo handled in the this country, with movements of 23,718.6 thousand MT, 13,306,70 thousand MT, and 7,728.67 thousand MT, respectively. The most significant increases in 2011 compared to 2010 happened at the Granelera Terminal with an increase of 215.54% (going from 187.13 thousand MT in 2010 to 590.46 thousand MT in 2011), at the PPC where 2,081.47 thousand MT (38.86%) more were moved than in 2010, at Chiriquí Grande with a 36.03% increase, at MIT with an increase of 23.11%, and at PPB that increased by 15.67%, equivalent to 3,156.63 thousand MT. In 2011, CPT and Samba Bonita had drastic declines compared to 2010 since both stopped operating in February 2011, in the case of CPT because of being remodeled. Charco Azul, which had a drop in cargo volume in 2010, continued to decline in 2011 in a -36.50%. Chart 2 below shows the volume of cargo handled in the ports of the isthmus.

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2011

Chart No. 2. Central American Isthmus: Cargo handled by port (Thousands of MT), 2011 -

5,000.00

10,000.00 15,000.00 20,000.00 25,000.00 23,718.60

PPB 13,306.70 9,995.51

Lim贸n-Mo铆n

9,363.53 8,382.94

Quetzal

7,728.67 5,753.46

Acajutla

5,248.80 4,579.26

Chiriqu铆 Grande

3,892.66 3,445.55

Charco Azul

3,273.82 2,767.35

T. Petrolero

2,600.25 2,437.96

Corinto

2,069.26 1,650.86

San Lorenzo

1,547.76

PATSA

965.77 920.85

Puerto Castilla

806.45 590.46

Almirante

490.51 313.19

Golfito

134.46 115.53

La Uni贸n

40.88

Corsain

53.20

El Bluff

24.20

T. Samba Bonita

10.65

63.38 39.84 14.89 3.27

La Ceiba

2.65

C.P.T.

0.03

2.55

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

Tabla 2: Carga Manipulada en puertos de Centroamérica (Miles de Tm), Años 2010 - 2011 Diferencia Puerto

Litoral

2011

PPB M.I.T Limón-Moín Cortés Quetzal

P C C C P

23,718.60 13,306.70 9,995.51 9,363.53 8,382.94

PPC Acajutla Santo Tomas de Castilla

C P C

7,728.67 5,753.46 5,248.80

Chiriquí Grande Caldera

C P

4,579.26 3,892.66

Charco Azul C.C.T. T. Petrolero Barrios Corinto Boyas de San José San Lorenzo

P C C C P P P

3,445.55 3,273.82 2,767.35 2,600.25 2,437.96 2,069.26 1,650.86

T. Decal PATSA Sandino Puerto Castilla

P P P C

1,547.76 965.77 920.85 806.45

T. Granelera Almirante Tela Golfito T. Punta Morales La Unión T. Fertica Corsain Arlen Siu El Bluff Cabezas

C C C P P P P P C C C

590.46 490.51 313.19 134.46 115.53 40.88 63.38 53.20 39.84 24.20 14.89

T. Samba Bonita Quepos La Ceiba Puntarenas

C P C P

10.65 3.27 2.65 2.55

C.P.T.

C

0.03 116,355.70

Total

2010 20,137.97 10,808.55 9,943.07 8,383.23 7,483.41 5,647.21 5,343.20 4,745.50 3,366.35 3,274.54 5,426.02 3,359.75 2,496.24 2,714.90 2,090.61 1,932.23 1,174.32 1,574.84 1,118.06 849.97 717.72 187.13 644.36 295.67 198.90 55.93 48.56 32.16 23.13 13.28 31.66 10.66 1.65 21.30 104,152.05

Absoluta 3,580.63 2,498.15 52.44 980.30 899.53 2,081.47 410.26 503.31 1,212.91 618.12 -1,980.47 -85.93 271.11 -114.65 347.35 137.03 476.54 -27.08 -152.29 70.88 88.73 403.33 -153.85 17.52 134.46 -83.37 40.88 7.45 4.64 7.68 1.07 1.61 -21.01 3.27 -8.01 0.91 -21.27 12,203.65

Porcentual 17.78% 23.11% 0.53% 11.69% 12.02% 36.86% 7.68% 10.61% 36.03% 18.88% -36.50% -2.56% 10.86% -4.22% 16.61% 7.09% 40.58% -1.72% -13.62% 8.34% 12.36% 215.54% -23.88% 5.93% 100.00% -41.92% 100.00% 13.32% 9.55% 23.89% 4.61% 12.12% -66.36% 100.00% -75.13% 55.02% -99.86% 11.72%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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1.2

2011

Foreign trade and port traffic

The value of exports in 2011 was 33,023,500.02 thousand million dollars, an increase of 44.40% over 2010, while imports amounted to 70,346,217.29 thousand million dollars, an increase of 31.75% compared to the year before. In regards to the volume exported, there was an increase by 16.98% compared to the 22,113,165 thousand MT recorded in 2010. Import volume increased by 11.91%. Table 3 below shows the figures for value and volume of foreign trade for each country of the isthmus in 2011 going by sea, land, and air. The figures include imports and exports, current or definitive, for active refining or final assembly and for the free trade zones. Table 3. Central American Isthmus: Value and volume of foreign trade by country (Thousands of US $ and Thousands of MT), 2011 Imports

Exports

Total

Country

Value (CIF)

Volume

Value (FOB)

Guatemala

16,609,890.25

11,609.78

10,463,008.69

8,688.64

27,072,898.94

20,298.42

El Salvador

10,118,173.30

7,390.34

5,308,804.57

2,689.43

15,426,977.87

10,079.77

Honduras

8,952,720.58

6,962.92

3,897,043.42

3,861.61

12,849,764.00

10,824.53

Nicaragua

5,060,094.71

4,028.81

2,335,863.08

1,582.72

7,395,957.79

5,611.53

Costa Rica

18,263,824.80

9,090.14

10,233,531.58

7,905.24

28,497,356.38

16,995.38

CACM

59,004,703.64

39,081.99

32,238,251.34

24,727.64

91,242,954.98

63,809.63

Panamรก

11,341,513.65

6,867.39

785,248.68

1,138.88

12,126,762.33

8,006.27

Total

70,346,217.29

45,949.38

33,023,500.02

25,866.52

103,369,717.31

71,815.90

Volume

Value

Volume

Guatemala: http://www.banguat.gob.gt/estaeco/ceie/hist/pdfs/2011/Cg/kG-103 2011.pdf El Salvador: Source: http://www.bcr.gob.sv/result.php Honduras: https://see.bch.hn/SICE-IED/ConsultaSACAjustado.aspx Nicaragua: http://www.dga.gob.ni/Estadweb/WEB ENERO DICIEMBRE 2010 2011.pdf Costa Rica: http://www.inec.go.cr/A/MT/Econ%C3%B3micos/Comercio%20Exterior/Publicaciones/C0/2011/Estad%C3%ADsticas%20 de%20Comercio%20Exterior.pdf Panamรก: http://www.contraloria.gob.pa/inec/ComercioExterior

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2011

Table 4 compares the volumes of foreign trade and cargo handled in the region’s seaports by country for the total imported and exported in 2011. Table 4. Central American Isthmus: Volume of foreign trade and cargo handled at seaports, (Thousands of MT), 2011 Imports Country

Exports

Total

Foreign Trade

Offloaded

Foreign Trade

Loaded

Foreign Trade

Maritime Cargo

Guatemala

11,609.78

11,244.43

8,688.64

7,056.82

20,298.42

18,301.25

El Salvador

7,390.34

4,728.59

2,689.43

1,118.95

10,079.77

5,847.54

Honduras

6,962.92

7,292.53

3,861.61

4,844.15

10,824.53

12,136.68

Nicaragua

4,028.81

2,782.66

1,582.72

655.08

5,611.53

3,437.74

Costa Rica

9,090.14

7,827.32

7,905.24

6,380.04

16,995.38

14,207.36

CACM

39,081.99

33,875.53

24,727.64

20,055.04

63,809.63

53,930.57

Panamá

6,867.39

34,712.61

1,138.88

27,712.52

8,006.27

62,425.13

Total

45,949.38

68,588.14

25,866.52

47,767.56

71,815.90

116,355.70

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama and web sites of

Guatemala: http://www.banguat.gob.gt/estaeco/ceie/hist/pdfs/2011/Cg/kG-103 2011.pdf El Salvador: Source: http://www.bcr.gob.sv/result.php Honduras: https://see.bch.hn/SICE-IED/ConsultaSACAjustado.aspx Nicaragua: http://www.dga.gob.ni/Estadweb/WEB ENERO DICIEMBRE 2010 2011.pdf Costa Rica: http://www.inec.go.cr/A/MT/Econ%C3%B3micos/Comercio%20Exterior/Publicaciones/C0/2011/Estad%C3%ADsticas%20 de%20Comercio%20Exterior.pdf Panamá: http://www.contraloria.gob.pa/inec/ComercioExterior

1.3

Cargo handled by seaboard

In 2011, the Caribbean ports moved 60,566.30 thousand MT or 52.05% of the total moved in the isthmus, a 14.44% increase over 2010. Of the total percentage of cargo moved on this seaboard, 28.09% was offloaded and the remaining 23.96% was loaded. The Pacific seaboard, which in 2010 saw a decline in cargo movement, managed to increase movement at its ports by 9.98% in 2011 with 56,758.21 thousand MT handled, or 48.38% of the total for the region, with 29.88% unloaded and 17.82% loaded. On the Caribbean seaboard in 2011, the cargo was mainly handled in six ports that account for 82.12% of the total: MIT in Panama with 13,306.7 thousand MT, Limón-Moín in Costa Rica with 9,995.51 thousand MT, Puerto Cortés in Honduras with 9,363.53 thousand MT, PPC with 7,728.67 thousand MT, Santo Tomás de Castilla in Guatemala with 5,248.80 thousand MT, and Chiriquí

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2011

Grande in Panama with 4,579.26 thousand MT. Manzanillo, Cortés, Limón-Moín, and Chiriquí Grande are among the ports with the most loading and unloading on this seaboard. In 2011 on the Pacific in terms of cargo movement, the ports of PPB in Panama with cargo movement of 23,718.59 thousand MT, Quetzal in Guatemala with 8,382.94 thousand MT, Acajutla in El Salvador with 5,753.46 thousand MT, Caldera in Costa Rica with 3,892.66 thousand MT, and Charco Azul in Panama with 3,445.55 thousand MT. Together they represented 81.97% of the cargo moved on the Pacific seaboard. The most notable amount of loading and unloading on this seaboard was at the ports of PPB, Quetzal, and Acajutla. Chart No. 3 and Tables 5 and 6 below show the behavior of cargo handling by seaboard (loaded and offloaded and the absolute and percentage figures for 2011. Chart No. 3. Central American Isthmus: Cargo offloaded and loaded by seaboard (Thousands of MT) 2011

Thosusand of MT

120,000.00 100,000.00 80,000.00 60,000.00 40,000.00 20,000.00 Caribbean seabord 32,686.71

Pacific seabord

Botth seabord

35,901.43

68,588.14

Loaded

27,879.59

19,887.97

47,767.56

Total

60,566.30

55,789.40

116,355.70

Offloaded

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

Table 5: Cargo offloaded and loaded on the Caribbean seaboard by port (thousands of MT), 2011 Ports

General Cargo O

Santo Tomas de Castilla Barrios Puerto Cortés Tela La Ceiba Puerto Castilla Cabezas El Bluff Arlen Siú Limón-Moín Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante) Chiriquí Grande Colon Port Terminal Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.) Manzanillo Int l Terminal (M.I.T) Panama Port Co.Cristobal T. Granelera T. Petrolero Total

Containerized L

O

Ro Ro L

O

Dry Bulk L

O

Liquid Bulk L

O

Others L

D

Total E

D

E

Total

46.23

448.53

1,683.23

1,667.88

2.70

1.60

235.77

-

577.92

584.94

-

-

2,545.85

2,702.95

5,248.80

68.81

82.05

936.71

1,301.75

-

-

78.77

-

132.16

-

-

-

1,216.45

1,383.80

2,600.25

148.58

49.30

1,825.40

2,107.28

1.40

1.50

1,659.00

564.89

1,714.50

118.19

581.45

592.04

5,930.33

3,433.20

9,363.53

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

313.19

-

-

-

313.19

-

313.19

0.27

2.38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.27

2.38

2.65

7.27

19.89

129.04

362.48

-

-

-

-

0.65

113.62

83.06

90.44

220.02

586.43

806.45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14.89

-

-

-

14.89

-

14.89

-

-

5.80

5.11

-

-

-

-

12.63

0.66

-

-

18.43

5.77

24.20

7.12

7.73

14.43

10.56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21.55

18.29

39.84

464.74

57.50

1,683.51

5,437.18

48.34

39.66

45.48

-

2,218.43

-

-

0.67

4,460.50

5,535.01

9,995.51

22.79

281.95

109.20

51.71

-

-

24.86

-

-

-

-

-

156.85

333.66

490.51

42.83

7.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

4,316.21

213.22

-

-

4,359.04

220.22

4,579.26

-

-

-

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.03

0.03

-

-

646.47

2,627.35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

646.47

2,627.35

3,273.82

-

-

6,406.42

6,556.82

190.08

153.38

-

-

-

-

-

-

6,596.50

6,710.20

13,306.70

19.98

7.93

2,894.31

3,997.14

9.02

2.82

85.93

-

399.13

312.41

-

-

3,408.37

4,320.30

7,728.67

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,767.35

-

-

-

2,767.35

-

2,767.35

10.65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10.65

-

10.65

839.27

964.26

16,334.52

24,125.29

251.54

198.96

2,129.81

564.89

12,467.06

1,343.04

664.51

683.15

32,686.71

27,879.59

60,566.30

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

Table 6: Cargo offloaded and loaded on the Pacific seaboard by port (thousands of MT), 2011 General Cargo

Ports

O

Quetzal Boyas de San Jos茅 La Uni贸n Acajutla Corsain San Lorenzo Corinto Sandino Caldera Puntarenas Terminal Punta Morales Terminal Fertica Golfito Quepos Charco Azul Panama Port Co.Balboa Pedregal Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA) T. Decal Total

Containerized

L

O

Ro Ro L

O

Dry Bulk L

O

Liquid Bulk O

Others

L

O

L

Total O

L

O

O

370.98

-

1,254.94

1,243.33

34.36

0.19

3,123.29

989.96

924.22

61.89

89.19

290.59

5,796.98

2,585.96

8,382.94

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,685.15

384.11

-

-

1,685.15

384.11

2,069.26

-

-

16.42

1.04

-

-

23.42

-

-

-

-

-

39.84

1.04

40.88

140.72

1.80

915.81

615.09

13.95

-

1,508.26

281.76

2,056.81

219.26

-

-

4,635.55

1,117.91

5,753.46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27.16

-

26.04

-

53.20

-

53.20

53.95

14.63

1.64

0.13

-

-

41.16

774.06

731.69

33.23

0.28

0.09

828.72

822.14

1,650.86

23.30

16.02

404.21

308.98

17.59

-

651.07

200.51

710.77

105.51

-

-

1,806.94

631.02

2,437.96

-

-

-

-

-

-

111.95

-

808.90

-

-

-

920.85

-

920.85

197.28

93.98

845.06

530.67

46.69

-

2,032.95

-

141.81

4.22

-

-

3,263.79

628.87

3,892.66

0.09

0.88

-

-

-

-

0.01

-

0.99

0.58

-

-

1.09

1.46

2.55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60.88

11.51

43.14

-

-

11.51

104.02

115.53

-

-

-

-

-

-

63.38

-

-

-

-

-

63.38

-

63.38

7.48

27.78

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.30

82.90

-

-

23.78

110.68

134.46

2.20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.07

-

-

-

3.27

-

3.27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

234.92

3,210.63

-

-

234.92

3,210.63

3,445.55

-

-

12,676.05

9,917.93

90.17

0.01

89.57

8.10

572.68

364.09

-

-

13,428.47

10,290.13

23,718.60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

965.77

-

-

-

965.77

-

965.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,547.76

-

-

-

1,547.76

-

1,547.76

397.88

-

-

-

-

-

192.58

-

-

-

-

-

590.46

-

590.46

1,193.88

155.09

16,114.13

12,617.17

202.76

0.20

7,837.64

2,315.27

10,437.51

4,509.56

115.51

290.68

35,901.43

19,887.97

55,789.40

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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1.4

2011

Cargo handled by quarter

In 2011, the Central American region had average movements of 29,088.93 thousand MT with the second quarter having the greatest volume of cargo (31,197.95 thousand MT) and the first quarter with the least (27,588.27 thousand MT). Chart No. 4 below shows the tendency for cargo movement for the region and for the countries during the four quarters of 2011. Chart No. 4. Cargo handled in ports by quarter and by country (thousands of MT), 2011 35,000.00

30,000.00

CENTRAL AMERICA

25,000.00

GUATEMALA

20,000.00

EL SALVADOR

15,000.00

HONDURAS

10,000.00

NICARAGUA

5,000.00

COSTA RICA

I

II

III

IV

PANAMA

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

During 1st quarter 2011, the isthmus had a 9.26% increase compared to 2010, with the growth rates in Nicaragua and Guatemala being the highest (29.60% and 24.67%) and the lowest rates of increase being in Costa Rica and Panama (2.64% and 5.09%). Honduras and El Salvador also had growth during this quarter (12.03% and 6.67% compared to 2010). The 2nd quarter had a 13.15% increase in over cargo movement compared to the same period the year before. Panama and Honduras had the biggest increases with 24.35% and 16.95%, respectively, while Guatemala and Nicaragua had a drop of -4.7% and -4.91%, respectively. El Salvador increased by 5.63% and Costa Rica saw a slight rise of about one per cent. The 3rd quarter 2011 had a 14.24% increase in cargo compared to the same quarter in 2010 with all countries showing increases: Honduras, 16.94%; Guatemala, 16.41%; Panama, 14.72%; Nicaragua, 11.37%; Costa Rica, 10.75%; and El Salvador, 7.25%. The 4th quarter, like the 3rd, saw growth in all countries compared to the same period in 2010. The region overall had a 10.10% increase. The growth rates by country were quite variable with Guatemala and Costa Rica increasing the least (2.34% and 8.64%, respectively) and Nicaragua and El Salvador with the greatest increase (25.84% and 15.05%, respectively. Honduras and Panama also had increases (12.66% and 11.07%, respectively).

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2011

The quarterly volumes of offloading in Central America in 2011 were quite similar, with the 1 st quarter having the least amount of offloaded cargo handled (15,786.43 thousand MT) and the greatest volume being reached in the 2nd quarter of the year (18,379.30 thousand MT). In the 3rd quarter, the ports offloaded 17,532.58 thousand MT and in the 4th quarter, 16,889.83 thousand MT were offloaded. Chart 5 below shows the tendency followed by the countries in terms of volumes of offloaded cargo in the ports of each country, following the tendency of the total curves described above. Chart No. 5. Cargo offloaded in ports by quarter by country (Thousands of MT), 2011 20,000.00 18,000.00

CENTRAL AMERICA

16,000.00 GUATEMALA 14,000.00 EL SALVADOR

12,000.00 10,000.00

HONDURAS 8,000.00 NICARAGUA

6,000.00 4,000.00

COSTA RICA

2,000.00 PANAMA

I

II

III

IV

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

The curve for offloading in the region climbed between the 1st and 2nd and then declined during the 3rd and 4th quarters. The CACM countries had the same trend, although a bit smoother, giving the impression of handling constant cargo volumes throughout the year. Panama is the exception since its curve has no decline between the 3rd and 4th quarters, but instead an increase, going from 8.6 million MT in the 3rd quarter to 8.9 million MT in the 4th. Nicaragua also bucked this trend towards decline between the 3rd and 4th quarters, but it is imperceptible on the curve because of the low volumes handled at its ports. In regards to the tendency for cargo loaded by quarter in the ports of the region in 2011, Chart 6 shows the total curve showing the same tendency described above for total cargo movement and movement of offloaded cargo. However, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua diverge from this current and instead show decreases in the 2nd quarter compared to the 1st and Guatemala and El Salvador show increases between the 3rd and 4th quarters of the year.

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2011

Panama shows a sunken curve that reflects the increase between the 1st and 2nd quarters and then a decrease in the 3rd and 4th quarters. Chart No. 6. Cargo loaded in ports by quarter by country (Thousands of MT), 2011 14,000.00 CENTRAL AMERICA 12,000.00 GUATEMALA 10,000.00 EL SALVADOR 8,000.00 HONDURAS 6,000.00 NICARAGUA 4,000.00 COSTA RICA 2,000.00 PANAMA I

II

III

IV

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

1.5

Cargo handled by type of handling

In 2011, cargo movement by type of handling was similar to previous years with 2.71% of all cargo in General Cargo, 59.47% Containerized, less than 1% Ro-Ro, 11.04% Bulk Solids, 24.71% Bulk Liquids, and 1.51% Others. Table 7 gives information for the last five years as well as total volumes by year handled in the region. Table 7. Distribution of cargo handled in ports by year by type of handling (percentages) 2007 - 2011 Year

General Cargo

Containerized

Ro-Ro

Dry Bulk

Liquid Bulk

Others

Total (Thousands of MT)

2007

3.76

47.39

1.60

12.99

32.77

1.48

97,288.80

2008

3.44

51.74

1.33

10.07

31.82

1.59

96,100.30

2009

2.26

47.33

0.56

9.71

38.87

1.27

10,143.50

2010

2.61

56.6

0.73

11.14

27.57

1.35

104,152.5

2011

2.71

59.47

0.56

11.04

24.71

1.51

116,355.70

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

General Cargo in 2011 increased over 2010 by 16.04%, going from 2,716.7 thousand MT in 2010 to 3,152.53 thousand MT in 2011 with 69.83% moved through Caribbean ports and 30.17% through Pacific ports. Offloading accounted for 64.49% and loading represented 35.51%. The ports with the most movement of General Cargo were Limón-Moín with 522.24 thousand MT, Santo Tomás de Castilla with 494.76 thousand MT, Granelera Terminal that went from 22.41 thousand MT in 2010 to 397.88 thousand MT in 2011, Almirante with 304.74 thousand MT, and Caldera with 291.26 thousand MT. Containerized Cargo amounted to 69,191.11 thousand MT in 2011, a 17.38% increase over 2010. Offloading represented 46.90% of the cargo, equivalent to 32,448.65 thousand MT, 16.01% more than in 2010. The amount loaded was 36,742.46 thousand MT, equivalent to 54.43% of the Containerized Cargo and an increase over 2010 of 17.23%. The ports with the largest shares of Containerized Cargo were PPB with 22,593.98 thousand MT, MIT with 12,963 thousand MT, Limón-Moín with 7,120.69 thousand MT, PPC with 6,891.45 thousand MT, Cortés with 3,932.68 thousand MT, and Santo Tomás de Castilla with 3,351.11 thousand MT. The Caribbean seaboard accounted for 58.48% of the Containerized Cargo, while the Pacific had a 41.52% share. Chart 7 shows the breakdown of these figures, including the volumes of containerized cargo loaded and offloaded by seaboard. Chart No. 7. Central American Isthmus: Volume of containerized cargo by seaboard

(Thousands of MT), 2011 70,000.00

Thosusand of MT

60,000.00 50,000.00 40,000.00 30,000.00 20,000.00 10,000.00 Caribbean seabord 16,334.52

Pacific seabord 16,114.13

Botth seabord 32,448.65

Loaded

24,125.29

12,617.17

36,742.46

Total

40,459.81

28,731.30

69,191.11

Offloaded

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

The amount of Ro-Ro cargo handled in 2011 was 653.46 thousand MT, a -14.10% decline in volume compared to 2010. 68.94% was moved through Caribbean ports. Santo Tomás de Castilla saw a drop in cargo volume (-91.39%), as did Limón-Moín (-46.79%) and PPC (-66.02%), while

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2011

Cortés and MIT had increases in this kind of cargo of 38.36% and 4.65%, respectively. The Pacific ports handled 31.06% of this cargo and the amount handled by Quetzal dropped by -26.78%. In 2011, Bulk Solids accounted for 847.61 thousand MT, an increase of 10.69% over 2010 (11,607.21 thousand MT). Offloaded cargo represented 77.58% and loaded cargo represented 22.42%. The greatest volumes of bulk solids went through Pacific ports, which accounted for 77.53%. The ports with the largest shares were Quetzal with 4,113.25 thousand MT moved, Caldera with 2,032.95 thousand MT, and Acajutla with 1,790.02 thousand MT. For Bulk Liquids, 28,757.17 thousand MT were moved in 2011, with 79.65% offloaded and 20.35% loaded. The ports handling the largest volumes of bulk liquids on the Caribbean were: Chiriquí Grande (4.5 million MT), Petrolera (2.7 million MT), Limón-Moín (2.2 million MT), and Cortés (1.8 million MT), while on the Pacific the ports of Charco Azul, Acajutla, Boyas de San José, and Decal Terminal led with 3.4 million MT, 2.2 million MT, 2.0 million MT, and 1.5 million MT, respectively. Chart 8 below shows the distribution of cargo in 2011 by type of handling, as well as the volumes for each type. Chart No. 8. Central American Isthmus: Total cargo moved in ports by type of handling (thousands of MT), 2011 Liquid Bulk 28,757.17 24.71%

Dry Bulk 12,847.61 11.04% Ro Ro 653.46 0.56%

Others 1,753.85 1.51%

General CargO 3,152.85 2.71%

Contanerizd 69,191.11 59.45%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

In regards to cargo volumes offloaded in the isthmus in 2011, they amounted to 68,588.14 thousand MT, which represents 58.96% of the region’s total and an increase of 11.09%, 6.8 million

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

MT more than the year before. Except for Ro-Ro cargo, all forms of handling increased compared to the previous period. Nicaragua had the greatest increase over 2010 for offloaded cargo (20.08%) with increases in containerized cargo (23.58%), Ro-Ro (30.68%), bulk solids (26.05%), and bulk liquids (19.16%), while general cargo declined by -46.37%. Panama had a 14.19% increase in offloading with general cargo increasing by 318.44%, containerized cargo by 21.37%, Ro-Ro by 2.95%, and bulk liquids by 53.59%. Meanwhile, there was -3.22% less of bulk Dry. El Salvador came in third place for offloading by country with 12.71% more than the past period. Handling of general cargo increased by 10.21%, containerized cargo by 19.22%, bulk solids by 13.17%, and bulk liquids by 9.20%. Continuing with increases by country, there were also increased volumes of offloading in Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica (8.04%, 7.27%, and 2.68%, respectively). Offloading of general cargo declined in Guatemala (-10.68%) and increased in Honduras and Costa Rica (30.77% and 15.49%, respectively). The three countries had increased loading of containerized cargo (13.42%, 5.44%, and 2.05%, respectively), while loading less Ro-Ro cargo (-42.48%, -15-15%, and 27.22%, respectively). Bulk solids increased by 7.63% in Guatemala, 25.44% in Honduras, and 9.69% in Costa Rica, while bulk liquids had increased offloading in Guatemala (8.02%) and decreases in Honduras and Costa Rica (-1.29% and -2.64%, respectively). The greatest volumes of offloaded cargo came as containerized, bulk liquids, and bulk solids, which together accounted for 95.20% of all offloaded cargo. Chart 9 shows offloaded volumes in the region in 2011 by type of cargo with the respective percentages of the total offloaded. Chart No. 9. Central American Isthmus: Cargo offloaded in ports by type of handling (thousands of MT), 2011

Liquid Bulk 22,904.57 33.39%

Dry Bulk 9,967.45 14.53%

Otros 780.02 2.00%

Ro Ro 454.30 0.66%

General Cargo 2,033.15 2.96%

Containerizd 32,448.65 47.29%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Meanwhile, the total loaded in 2011 amounted to 47,767.56 thousand MT, 5,355.15 thousand MT more than in 2010. Honduras had the greatest increase in loading (28.05%), followed by Panama (13.48%) and Guatemala and Costa Rica (9.10% and 9.04%, respectively), while El Salvador and Nicaragua had less volume loaded (-6.45% and -5.31%, respectively). For the region, general cargo loaded dropped slightly (less than -1.0%) in all countries except Costa Rica, where it increased by 330.34%. Containerized cargo increased by 17.23% and all the countries of the region had an increase. Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador had the biggest increases with 24.76%, 22.15%, and 19.32%, respectively, followed by Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica with increases of 13.86%, 11.72%, and 4.69%, respectively. Ro-Ro cargo loading dropped by -26.16% in the isthmus; however it increased by 240.91% in Honduras. Bulk solids increased in the region by 24.89% with increases in the ports of Costa Rica by 227.66% and in the ports of Honduras by 108.47%. On the other hand, bulk liquid loading in the region decreased by -12.98% with volumes declining in Nicaragua (-48.16%), El Salvador (-37.7%), Panama (-14.83%), Guatemala (-3.00%), and Honduras (-2.9%), while they increased by 579.34% in Costa Rica. Chart 10 below shows the distribution of cargo loaded in the region by type of handling, as well as the volumes for 2011. Chart No. 10. Central American Isthmus: Cargo loaded by type of handling (thousands of MT), 2011

Containerized 36,742.46 76.92%

Ro Ro 199.16 0.42% Dry Bulk 2,880.16 6.03% Liquid Bulk 5,852.60 12.25%

Others 973.83 2.04% General Cargo 1,119.35 2.34%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Chart No. 11. Central American Isthmus: Cargo moved in ports by type of handling by seaboard (thousands of MT), 2011 45,000.00 40,000.00 35,000.00 30,000.00 25,000.00 20,000.00 15,000.00 10,000.00 5,000.00 Caribe

General Cargo 1,803.53

Catainerized 40,459.81

RoRo 450.50

Dry Bulk 2,694.70

Liquid Bulk 13,810.10

Others 1,347.66

Pacifico

1,348.97

28,731.30

202.96

10,152.91

14,947.07

406.19

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

Table 8. Comparative percentage distribution of cargo by country by type of handling (percentages), 2010 – 2011 Años

General Cargo

Containerized

2010

2011

Guatemala

7.0

5.6

El Salvador

2.5

Honduras

2010

Ro Ro

Dray Bulk

Liquid Bulk

Others

2011

2010

2011

2010

2011

2010

2011

2010

2011

2010

2011

42.2

44.2

0.6

0.2

24.7

24.2

24.5

23.8

1.1

2.1

16,876.03

18,301.25

2.4

24.1

26.4

0.0

0.2

31.1

30.9

41.9

39.5

0.4

0.4

5,391.76

5,872.90

2.4

2.4

38.4

36.5

0.0

0.0

18.9

25.0

29.0

24.9

11.3

11.1

10,581.59

12,136.68

Nicaragua

3.3

1.6

20.1

21.8

0.4

0.5

26.2

28.0

50.0

48.1

0.0

0.0

3,009.15

3,437.74

Costa Rica

4.6

6.0

60.7

59.8

1.5

0.9

14.6

15.5

18.6

17.7

0.0

0.0

13,474.09

14,207.36

CACM

4.6

4.4

43.1

43.2

0.6

0.4

21.5

23.1

27.3

25.7

2.9

3.3

49,332.62

53,955.93

Panamá

0.8

1.3

68.7

73.5

0.8

0.7

1.8

0.6

28.7

23.7

0.0

0.0

54,881.35

62,425.13

Central America

2.6

2.7

56.6

59.5

0.6

0.6

11.1

11.0

27.6

24.7

1.4

1.5

104,152.5

116,355.70

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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1.6

2011

Cargo handled in CACM ports

Cargo movement in the Central American Common Market (CACM) increased in 2011 by 9.32%, equivalent in absolute figures to 4.6 million MT more than in 2010. The volume of cargo in 2011 was 53,930.57 thousand MT, of which 33,875.53 thousand MT were offloaded and 20,055.04 thousand MT were loaded. The Caribbean seaboard accounted for 28,409.31 thousand MT or 52.68% of the cargo transit in the CACM, while the Pacific ports moved 25,521.26 thousand MT or 47.32%. Chart 12 shows the percentage distribution of cargo moved in the CACM by seaboard broken down by loaded and offloaded. Chart No. 12. Distribution of cargo offloaded and loaded in the CACM by seaboard (percentage), 2011

62.81%

70.00% 60.00% 50.00%

37.19% 40.00%

35.48% 27.33%

25.34%

30.00% 11.84%

20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Caribbean Seabord

Pacific Seabord Offloaded

CACM

Loaded

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

In regards to the share of cargo by country, Costa Rica had its share decline from 27.31% in 2010 to 26.33%. Guatemala’s share also declined (33.92% in 2011 compared to 34.21% in 2010). Nicaragua’s share of 6.37% in 2011 was similar to what it was in 2010 (6.10%). El Salvador went from 10.93% in 2010 to 10.8% in 2011, while Honduras had a slight increase of 1.04 percentage points. Chart 13 shows the share of cargo by country as well as cargo volume for each country in 2011.

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2011

Chart No. 13.- Total cargo handled in ports by CACM countries (thousands of MT and %), 2011

Costa Rica 14,207.36 26.34%

Guatemala 18,301.25 33.93%

Nicaragua 3,437.74 6.37%

El Salvador 5,847.54 10.84%

Honduras 12,136.68 22.50%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

Regarding cargo distribution by type of handling in the CACM in 2011, except for Ro-Ro cargo, all others kinds of cargo handling and volumes saw increases. Containerized cargo continued to increase, as it did in 2010, reaching 23,307.68 thousand MT, equivalent to 43.19% of the CACM cargo. General cargo and bulk solids and liquids increased in volume, but had very little influence in relative terms on their share in the CACM. Chart 14 gives details about this. Chart 14.- Total cargo by type of handling handled in CACM ports (thousands of MT and %), 2011

Liquid Bulk 13,853.00 25.69%

Dry Bulk 12,446.57 23.08%

Others 1,753.85 3.25%

general Cargo 2,361.49 4.38%

Containerized 23,307.68 43.22% Ro Ro 207.98 0.39%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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1.7

2011

Origin and destination of cargo

This section on cargo origin and destination does not have a breakdown by geographic region for the figures about origin and destination for the ports in Tela and La Ceiba in Honduras or for the orts of Punta Morales and Fertica Terminal in Costa Rica, as well as the ports of PATSA and Decal Terminal in Panama because the corresponding sources did not have this information available. In addition, the information on cargo origin and destination by geographic region of the world for Puerto Caldera in Costa Rica is based on estimates made by COCATRAM on the basis of figures published on the website of the Institute for Statistics and Census (INEC) of Costa Rica, because the best sources did not have all the necessary information available when the figures were compiled. COCATRAM thanks the Costa Rican INEC for providing the statistical information necessary to generate this information. It is also important to note that cargo volumes for transshipping in the ports of CCT, MIT, PPB, and PPC have been excluded. In 2011, maritime commerce in the isthmus with the geographic regions of the world continued similar to the past period. North America is in first place with 38,086.46 thousand MT, equivalent to 44.76% of the cargo handled in the ports of the isthmus and South America is in second place with 13,416.59 thousand MT or 15.77% of the total cargo handled in the isthmus. For the second year running, Asia is in third place with the movement of 9,880.94 thousand MT or 11.61% of the total. Regarding cargo origin, North America is in first place this year with 24,521.08 thousand MT offloaded, equivalent to 41.64%. The United States was the origin of 83.41% of these offloads. South America as ever is in second place with 11,120.01 thousand MT or 18.8%. Standing out are the offloads from Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, and Venezuela with 58.93%, 14.74%, 12.30%, and 9.66%, respectively. Asia was in third place for cargo origin in Central America, with shipments from China (4,119.95 thousand MT), Korea (1,543.18 thousand MT), Hong Kong (646.75 thousand MT) and the Philippines (242.60 thousand MT). Next in line, trade between the countries of the isthmus represented 7.71% of the origin (equivalent to 4,540.60 thousand MT), with shipments from Guatemala followed by Costa Rica and Panama standing out. After Central America is Europe with 3.82% of the cargo origin and the Caribbean with 3.46%. The Dutch Antilles was the main origin of shipments from that region. In terms of cargo destination, North America as ever was in first place with shipments of 13,565.39 thousand MT or 51.80%, mostly going to the United States (91.94%). During this period, Europe took over second place from South America with 10.49% of the shipments from the isthmus or 2,747.52 thousand MT in absolute terms. These shipments mainly went to Holland, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, and Spain, which together accounted for 84.68% of these shipments. Asia was in third place with 2,416.96 thousand MT or 9.23% of the shipments from the isthmus, while South America, which dropped to fourth place in terms of cargo destination, received

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2011

2.296.58 thousand MT, equivalent to 8.77%, with Colombia in first place receiving 33.85% of the shipments to this region and Venezuela receiving 27.49%. Charts 15 and 16 provide information about origin and destination by country with the corresponding percentage share in the geographic regions of the world. Chart 15. - Central American Isthmus: Origin and destination of cargo handled in ports by geographic region of the world (percentages), 2011 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00%

North America 44.76%

South America 15.77%

Carribean

Europe

Asia

Others

Total

Central America 7.93%

3.29%

5.88%

11.61%

10.76%

Origin

5.34%

28.82%

13.07%

2.39%

2.65%

8.77%

8.18%

Destination

2.60%

15.94%

2.70%

0.89%

3.23%

2.84%

2.58%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

percentage

Chart 16. - Central American Isthmus: Percentage of cargo handled in ports by geographic region of the world (percentages), 2011

70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00%

North America 65.14%

South America 10.65%

Carribean

Europe

GUATEMALA

Central America 1.70%

Asia

Others

2.33%

6.34%

9.36%

4.49%

EL SALVADOR

15.44%

45.92%

8.47%

2.79%

3.28%

10.01%

14.08%

HONDURAS

3.09%

63.84%

7.18%

2.96%

7.24%

10.33%

5.36%

NICARAGUA

0.00%

27.93%

29.00%

18.51%

1.16%

10.50%

12.91%

COSTA RICA

17.85%

43.42%

6.37%

0.17%

12.86%

4.64%

14.70%

PANAMA

8.43%

27.62%

26.32%

3.81%

2.90%

17.04%

13.88%

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

The main market for Guatemalan ports is North America, mainly the United States, which represents 65.13% of the cargo handled, equivalent to 11,921.05 thousand MT, an increase of 14.5% over 2010. This region represented 63.67% of the cargo loaded and 67.48% of the cargo offloaded. The United States was the origin of 91.26% of the offloaded cargo and received 88.20% of the shipments. As in 2010, South America was the second market with 10.65% of the total cargo moved in the ports, of which 8.7% was offloaded. Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru in that order shared 94.97% of the trade with this region. Asia remained in third place with 9.36% of the cargo, 5.3% offloaded and 4.0% loaded. China and Japan were the main countries in terms of cargo origin, while Korea and Vietnam stand out for destination. Europe remained in fourth place with 6.34% of the cargo movement, 4.28% offloaded and 2.06% loaded. Norway, Russia, Belgium, and Latvia were the main origins from this region with 52.03% of the offloads from there, while the main destinations were Holland, Russia, Spain, and Germany with 73.37% of the shipments to that region. The Caribbean region had a 2.33% share of the cargo with the Dominican Republic and Trinidad & Tobago being the main countries for cargo origin and destination. The Dutch Antilles, Jamaica, and Cuba were significant in terms of cargo origin, while Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Haiti were the main destinations for cargo. Algeria and Tunisia in Africa stand out for Guatemala as a major destination for cargo with shipments to those countries of 44,000 MT and 38,150 MT, respectively. In the Middle East, Iran was a major cargo destination with 54,265 MT and Saudi Arabia was the origin of 18,340 MT that were offloaded. In Oceania, New Zealand was the origin of 9.448 MT offloaded. The chart below shows cargo volumes by geographic region for cargo origin and destination. Guatemala: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT), 2011

North America 11,921,045

South America 1,948,907

Caribbean

Europe

Asia

Others

Total

Central America 310,398

426,148

1,160,523

1,713,254

820,942

Ofloaded

154,078

7,159,461

1,596,707

210,750

783,946

977,900

361,564

Loaded

156,320

4,761,584

352,200

215,398

376,577

735,354

459,378

Source: Port Authorities of Guatemala

In 2011, El Salvador’s cargo trade with the regions of the world was very similar to what it was in 2010. North America continued to be the main market with 45.92% of the cargo and Asia remained in second place for origin and destination with 10.01% of cargo movement. Europe, last

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2011

year in third place, was displaced by South America, which represented 8.47% of the country’s cargo. Europe, in fourth place now, represented 3.28%, while the Caribbean region represented 2.79%. In regards to cargo origin, North America is in first place with the United States as the main exporter of that cargo (2,292.75 thousand MT, equivalent to 40.23% of the offloading in this country), followed by South America with 9.40%, of which Ecuador was the origin of 5.81% and Colombia, Chile, and Brazil as major origins from that region as well. Asia was in third place for origin. China shipped 149,386 MT and Japan shipped 106,914 MT to make them the main countries shipping from that region, along with Taiwan, Korea, and Hong Kong. The Caribbean is in fourth place and the main country of origin there was the Dutch Antilles with 104,080 MT. Europe is fifth in importance for origin with Russia (33,689 MT) and Belgium (27,131 MT) among the most important points of origin. Among the countries shipping cargo to the port of Acajutla were Somalia (12,059 MT), Turkey (225 MT), and Australia (21,605 MT). North America is also in first place for cargo destination with the United States receiving 41.8% of the cargo loaded (380,357 MT), followed by Asia with 15.20% with Taiwan receiving 74,986 MT and Korea 55,284 MT. Next in line is Europe, which received 7.5% of the cargo loaded. Spain (48,550 MT), Italy (18,767 MT), and Russia (14,248 MT) are the main recipients in that region. South America is in fourth place with 4.57% of the cargo loaded (Chile 26,124 MT and Venezuela 12,131 MT). Central America is in fifth place with Guatemala as the main recipient (41,109 MT). Acajutla: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT) 2011

Offloaded

Central America 852,124

North America 2,218,050

South America 444,401

Caribbean

Europe

Asia

Others

140,503

107,595

415,032

457,845

Loaded

50,910

467,328

51,171

22,882

83,906

170,166

271,535

Total

903,034

2,685,378

495,572

163,385

191,501

585,198

729,380

Source: CEPA-Acajutla

North America is the main market for Honduras with 63.84% of its ports’ cargo: 40.33% offloaded and 23.51% loaded). The United States was the main recipient and shipper of cargo with a 61.89% share of this for Honduras and 96.96% of what came from and went to that region. Asia is in second place with 10.33% of the country’s cargo. China and Korea were the main countries of that region for trade (914,779 MT and 11,721 MT, respectively). China had the largest share of cargo origin and destination with 112,549 MT offloaded and 802,230 MT shipped.

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2011

South America and Europe each had a 7.2% share of the cargo and Central America and the Caribbean each had 3.0%. The countries with the largest shares of cargo in South America, representing 75.4% of the cargo for this region were Ecuador with 431,326 MT and Colombia with 225,908 MT. The countries that accounted for 78.9% of the cargo from Europe were Russia with 210,533 MT, Germany with 176,794 MT, Belgium with 113,924 MT, and Holland with 101,494 MT. In Central America, Belize is in first place with 170,639 MT, followed by Guatemala with 99,474 MT and El Salvador with 90,691 MT. In the Caribbean, the main countries were the Dutch Antilles (79,366 MT), the Dominican Republic (79,937 MT), and Jamaica (51,588 MT). Honduras: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT) 2011

North America 7,747,593

South America 871,635

Caribbean

Europe

Asia

Others

Total

Central America 374,475

359,760

878,419

1,253,752

651,039

Offloaded

201,486

4,895,815

723,886

221,368

427,559

238,075

584,334

Loaded

172,989

2,851,778

147,749

138,392

450,860

1,015,677

66,705

Source: National Port Authorities of Honduras

For Nicaragua, South America is in first place for cargo movement with 29.0% of the cargo handled in that country. North America is in second place with 27.93%, followed by the Caribbean (18.51%), Asia (10.50%), and Europe (1.16%). Other unspecified countries accounted for 12.91% of the cargo in this country. Regarding cargo origin, South America is in first place with shipments from Venezuela (847,042 MT), Brazil (51,239 MT), and Ecuador (20,827 MT). North America is in second place with shipments of 616,783 MT from the United States and 101,227 MT from Mexico. The Caribbean came in third with 611,189 MT from the Dutch Antilles and 24,215 from Trinidad & Tobago. Asia is in fourth place with shipments from China, Japan, and Korea (113,152 MT, 64,478 MT, and 20,971 MT, respectively). Europe accounted for 1.16% of cargo origin, of which 39,837 MT came from Latvia. From Africa, the Ivory Coast shipped 12,535 MT. The main destination for cargo from Nicaraguan ports was North America with 36.95% of the country’s shipments, followed by Asia with 24.77% and South America with 11.87%. In North America, the United States received 189,170 MT and Mexico received 52,891 MT. China and Korea in Asia received 85,190 MT and 77,099 MT, respectively, while in South America, Venezuela and Ecuador received 58,423 MT and 12,557 MT, respectively.

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2011

Nicaragua: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT) 2011

SOUTH AMERICA 996,865

CARIBBEAN

EUROPE

ASIA

OTHERS

Offloaded

NORTH AMERICA 960,071

636,404

39,837

360,890

443,684

Loaded

718,010

919,108

636,404

39,837

198,601

270,696

Total

242,061

77,757

-

-

162,289

172,988

Source: National Port Authority of Nicaragua

North America was the main market for Costa Rican ports in 2011, with a 43.42% share of the cargo moved in its ports. More was offloaded than loaded (27.58% offloaded). Central America is in second place with 18.85%, of which 8.06% was imported and 9.79% exported. Europe is in third place with 12.86% of the cargo moved, followed by South America with 6.37%, Asia with 4.64%, and the Caribbean region with 1%. The chart below shows the cargo volumes traded between the ports of Costa Rica and the geographic regions of the world, broken down by origin and destination. Costa Rica: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT) 2011

NORTH AMERICA 6,168,619

SOUTH AMERICA 904,369

CARIBBEAN

EUROPE

ASIA

OTHERS

TOTAL

CENTRAL AMERICA 2,536,305

24,094

1,826,500

659,503

2,087,968

OFFLOADED

1,145,276

3,918,863

582,513

15,411

344,340

478,101

1,342,829

LOADED

1,391,029

2,249,757

321,857

8,683

1,482,160

181,402

745,139

Source: INCOP and JAPDEVA

The main region for cargo origin for Costa Rica was North America (the United States with 2,363.21 thousand MT and Mexico with 1,472.91 thousand MT), followed by South America (Colombia with 423,197 MT, Chile with 79,616 MT, and Venezuela with 53,422 MT), Asia (China

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2011

with 178,935 MT, Japan with 145,383 MT, Taiwan with 71,087 MT, and Thailand with 67,294 MT), Europe (Holland with 131,636 MT, Russia with 72,346 MT, Italy with 35,616 MT, and the Ukraine with 26,850 MT), and the Caribbean (Jamaica with 9,447 MT and Trinidad & Tobago with 5,751 MT). Other countries of cargo origin were Saudi Arabia in the Middle East with 253 MT and Australia in Oceania with 16,724 MT. With cargo destination, the regions receiving the most shipments were North America (the United States and Mexico with 1,997,167 MT and 252,532 MT, respectively) and the countries of Central America in second place. Europe is in third place (Holland with 730,314 MT, the United Kingdom with 390,075 MT, Italy with 254,171 MT, and Germany with 106,664 MT) followed by South America where the largest volumes of cargo went to Colombia (286,968 MT) and Venezuela (17.075 MT). Asia is next with shipments to Vietnam (46,297 MT), China (39,187 MT), Singapore (38.001 MT) and Taiwan (37.403 MT). Turkey in the Middle East received 111 MT from this country.

In 2011, the regions of North America, South America, and Asia in that order were the most important origins and destinations of cargo with a 71% share of the total cargo moved in Panamanian ports (North America, 27.62%; South America, 26.32%, and Asia, 20.61%). Central America accounted for 8.74% of the cargo movement, the Caribbean 3.52%, and Europe 2.20%. The chart below shows a breakdown of cargo volume by geographic region of the world. Panama: Origin and destination of cargo by geographic region (MT), 2011

NORTH AMERICA 8,603,769

SOUTH AMERICA 8,199,225

CARIBBEAN

EUROPE

ASIA

OTHERS

TOTAL

CENTRAL AMERICA 2,626,276

1,187,427

903,571

5,308,335

4,324,321

OFFLOADED

2,187,635

5,610,890

6,853,381

812,222

549,558

5,156,277

3,849,168

438,641

2,992,879

1,345,844

375,205

354,013

152,058

475,153

LOADED

Source: Maritime Authority of Panama

In terms of origin, South America is in first place (mainly Colombia and Chile with 5,021.05 thousand MT and 1,355.69 thousand MT, respectively), representing 27.39% of the offloading in the country, with North America in second place (the United States with 4,242.09 thousand MT

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2011

and Mexico with 1,368.81 thousand MT). Asia follows in third with 20.61% (China, 3,117.12 thousand MT; Korea, 1,187.13 thousand MT; Hong Kong, 595.06 thousand MT; the Philippines, 242.03 thousand MT; and Taiwan, 14.93 thousand MT). Central America accounted for 8.74% of offloading, the cargo coming mainly from Guatemala (1477.82 thousand MT) and Costa Rica (612.56 thousand MT). The Caribbean had a 3.25% share with cargo coming from Aruba (219.82 thousand MT), the Dominican Republic (154.21 thousand MT), the Bahamas (130.9 thousand MT), Jamaica (219.82 thousand MT), and Martinique (71.06 thousand MT). Europe accounted for 2.20% of the offloading, with Spain being the main shipper of this cargo (420.46 thousand MT). In regards to cargo destination in 2011, North America is in first place with 48.79% of the shipments from Panamanian ports (mostly the United States with 2,978.87 thousand MT), followed by South America with 21.94% of the shipments (Venezuela, 442.48 thousand MT; Colombia, 367.61 thousand MT; Peru, 317.74 thousand MT; Ecuador, 205.00 thousand MT; and Chile, 13.01 thousand MT). Next in order was Central America with a 7.15% share (Guatemala, 149.20 thousand MT; Costa Rica, 123.50 thousand MT; El Salvador, 126.13 thousand MT; and Honduras, 39.82 thousand MT) followed by the Caribbean with a 6.12% share (mainly the Dominican Republic and Jamaica with 155.32 thousand MT and 107.62 thousand MT, respectively). Europe received 5.77% (mainly Sweden with 137.65 thousand MT and Spain with 132.28 thousand MT), while Asia accounted for 2.48%, with most of the cargo going to Hong Kong (125.47 thousand MT). Chart 17.-Central American Isthmus: Origin of cargo handled in ports by country by geographic region of the world (thousands of MT) , 2011 8,000.00 7,000.00 (thousands of MT)

6,000.00 5,000.00 4,000.00 3,000.00 2,000.00 1,000.00 -

EL SALVADOR 852.12

HONDURAS

Central America

GUATEMAL A 154.08

NICARAGUA

COSTA RICA

PANAMA

North America

7,159.46

2,218.05

201.49

-

1,145.28

2,187.63

4,895.82

718.01

3,918.86

5,610.88

South America

1,596.72

444.40

723.89

919.11

582.51

6,853.38

Caribbean

210.75

140.50

221.37

636.40

15.41

812.22

Europe

783.94

107.60

427.56

39.84

344.34

549.57

Asia

977.90

415.03

238.07

198.60

478.10

5,156.28

Others

361.56

550.89

584.33

270.70

1,342.83

3,849.17

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

Chart 18.-Central American Isthmus: Destination of cargo handled in ports by country by geographic region of the world (thousands of MT) 2011 (thousands of MT)

5,000 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 -

GUATEMALA

Central America

156.32

EL SALVADOR 50.91

HONDURAS

NICARAGUA

COSTA RICA

PANAMA

172.99

-

1,391.03

438.65

North America

4,761.59

467.33

2,851.77

242.05

2,249.76

2,992.88

South America

352.20

51.17

147.75

77.76

321.86

1,345.84

Caribbean

215.40

22.88

138.39

-

8.68

375.21

Europe

376.58

83.91

450.86

-

1,482.16

354.01

Asia

735.36

170.17

1,015.68

162.29

181.40

152.06

Others

459.38

272.58

66.70

172.99

745.15

475.17

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

2. Vessels attended to In 2011, 18,767 vessels arrived in the Central American region, an increase of 5.70% over 2010. The most important increases by country happened in El Salvador with 16.94% vessels than in 2010, followed by Panama with a 10.03% increase and Costa Rica with 7.56%. Guatemala had a 4.94% decrease compared to 2010. In general, the isthmus received vessels with an average of 6,200 MT/vessel. El Salvador and Panama had the highest average for cargo by vessel (8.10 and 7.68 MT/vessel, respectively) and Costa Rica had the lowest average (4.21 MT/vessel). The Caribbean ports received more vessels than those on the Pacific: 72.44% of all vessels compared to 27.60%. Arriving along the Caribbean seaboard were mainly container ships (64.23%), reefer ships (9.08%), and conventional vessels (6.05%). On the Pacific, container ships were the majority (51.47%), while petroleum tankers and bulk solids vessels accounted for 9.90% and 7.99% of the total, respectively. The ports with the most important increases in vessel traffic on the Caribbean seaboard were T. Granelera that went from 27 in 2010 to 89 in 2011, mainly because of the arrival of 66 petroleum tankers at that port. Next was Colón 2000, which had 48 more cruise ships than in 2010. Chiriquí Grande had 31.94% more arrivals, almost doubling the number of petroleum tankers from 44 in 2010 to 80 in 2011. Arlen Siú had 31.43% more conventional vessels, while CCT saw an increase of 24.23%, Manzanillo 10.00%, and Limón-Moín 5.41%.

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2011

Still on the Caribbean, some ports in 2011 had fewer vessels arriving: CPT down by -96.76%, Ceiba down by -40.00%, El Bluff down by -24.00%, and Barrios down by -13.23%. The common denominator in these ports was fewer conventional vessels. Barrios also saw a reduction in the arrival of container ships and El Bluff received fewer petroleum tankers. The petroleum terminals also had fewer arrivals. Leading these decreases was Samba Bonita, which had 4 fewer barges than the year before. T. Petrolera dropped -32.32% with fewer arrivals of bulk solids vessels, petroleum tankers, and barges while Tela had 21.95% fewer arrivals. The ports of Almirante, Santo Tomรกs Castilla, and Puerto Castilla also had fewer arrivals (-13.17%, -4.33%, and -1.04, respectively). The Pacific ports leading the increases in 2011 compared to 2010 were Sandino, San Lorenzo, Balboa, Decal, Acajutla, and San Juan del Sur (33.33%, 27.82%, 22.89%, 18.48%, 18.01%, and 5.71%, respectively). The ports with decreases were Corsain, Charco Azul, Amador & Resort, PATSA, Puntarenas, and Corinto (29.17%, 28.85%, 25.42%, 121.50%, 5.48%, and 4.01%, respectively). In summary for 2011, the transit of conventional vessels represented 5.45% of total arrivals in the region, noting a reduction of -27.69%. Reefer ships represented 7.68% and they increased by 4.58%. Container ships were 60.00% of the total and their number increased by 10.01%. Ro-Ro vessels were 4.36% and there were -8.16% fewer arrivals. Bulk solids were 3.93% of the total and 13.02% more arrived. Bulk liquids represented 3.92% and they had a 3.96% increase. Petroleum tankers represented 5.48% and their number increased by 14.35%. Gas tankers represented 0.83% and they had an increase of 10.71%. Barges represented 1.67% and their number decreased by -13.30% while cruise ships represented 5.06% and there were 2.93% more of them. Regarding vessel arrivals in the CACM around the isthmus, there was a 1.7 percentage point drop, going from 58.39% in 2010 to 56.68% in 2011. The decreases were in conventional vessels (15.89%), Ro-Ro vessels (8.33%), barges (57.14%) and cruise ships (33.58%). Reefer ships increased by 2.34% and container ships had an increase of 2.34%. Bulk solids and bulk liquids increased 15.21% and 1.94%, respectively, and petroleum and gas tankers increased 12.69% and 10.71%, respectively. Charts 19 and 20 below show the distribution by type of vessels with their respective percentage share in the Central American region and in the CACM.

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2011

Chart No. 19.- Central American Isthmus: Percentage distribution by type of vessel 2011

Oil Tanker 5.48%

Gas Carrier Tanker 0.83%

Barge 1.67%

Cruises Others 5.05% 1.64% Conventional 5.44%

Liquid Bulk 3.92%

Reefer 7.67%

Dry Bulk 3.93%

Ro-Ro 4.36%

Containership 60.02% Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

Chart No. 20. Percentage distribution by type of vessel in CACM ports 2011

Gas carrier Tanker 1.46%

Barge 0.14%

Cruises 6.84%

Others 2.89%

Conventional 7.82% Reefer 11.52%

Oil Tanker 3.43% Liquid Bulk 4.95% Dry Bulk 6.19%

Ro-Ro 4.35%

Contenership 50.40% Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

3. Containers and trailer trucks Central America handled 5,666,345 containers and trailer trucks of different types and sizes in its port. The total is equivalent to 9.7 million TEU, an increase of 15.52% over the previous year. In terms of increases in TEU handing by country, Nicaragua led with the greatest increase (23.62%), followed by Panama (18.54%), Guatemala (13.69%), El Salvador (9.81%), Honduras (8.13%), and Costa Rica (5.72%). Of this total, 67.67% of the traffic was in Panamanian ports, 11.87% in Guatemala, 11.18% in Costa Rica, 6.76% in Honduras, 1.65% in El Salvador, and 0.86% in Nicaragua. 69.72% of the modules handled in CACM ports were 40-foot and 20-foot containers represented 21.23%. For the whole isthmus, each container carried an average of 9.74 metric tons. The Caribbean ports handled 59.25% of the TEU with the ports of MIT, PPC, and Limón-Moín accounting for 38.87%. Standing out on the Pacific was PPB, which handled 3.2 million TEU, equivalent to 32.99% of the regional total. Puerto Quetzal moved 350,374 TEU and Acajutla moved 161,226 TEU. The general ratio of fulls to empties is 2.6 and the Honduran ports of San Lorenzo and Cortés stand out with ratios of 5.6 and 4.3, respectively. The ports that handled the greatest number of containers are: Panama Port Balboa (1.9 million units), Manzanillo International Terminal (1.1 million units), Panama Port Cristobal (633,206 units), Limón-Moín (493,327 units), Cortés (309,342 units) and Santo Tomás de Castilla (239,162 units).

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Chart No. 21. - Central American Isthmus: Container traffic in ports (Thousands of TEU) 2011

3,232

3,500

2,500 1,900 2,000 1,500 981 1,000

927 577

495

500

491

350

318

168

161

86

80

26

4

-

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

Chart No. 22. - Central American Isthmus: Container traffic by seaboard

(Thousands of TEU) 2011 9,796.87

10,000.00 (thousands of TEU)

(thousands of TEU)

3,000

8,000.00 5,804.68 6,000.00

3,992.20

4,000.00

2,000.00 -

Caribbean

Pacific

Total

Source: Port Authorities of Central America and Maritime Authority of Panama

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2011

ANNEXES

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Port traffic in Central America, 2001-2011 (Thousands of metric tons) Country/Year Guatemala

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

11,246 12,217 14,640 14,678 15,753 16,080 16,876 15,860

2009

2010

2011

15,978

16,876

18,301

El Salvador

4,592

4,546

4,698

4,686

5,098

5,965

6,156

6,010

4,931

5,392

5,848

Honduras

6,882

7,083

7,658

8,732

9,273

9,393

9,819 10,476

9,450

10,582

12,137

Nicaragua

2,363

2,094

2,146

2,328

2,505

2,707

2,938

2,799

2,834

3,009

3,438

Costa Rica

9,078

9,760 10,439 10,915 11,334 12,824 13,674 13,909

12,069

13,474

14,207

CACM

34,161 35,699 39,581 41,338 43,964 46,969 49,463 49,054

45,262

49,333

53,931

Panama

23,139 21,291 24,626 34,795 36,699 39,245 44,826 47,047

54,881

54,819

62,425

Central America 57,300 56,991 64,207 76,134 80,664 86,214 94,289 96,100 Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

100,144

104,152

116,356

Port traffic in Central America, 2001-2011 (Thousands of metric tons) 140,000 116,356

120,000 100,000 76,134

80,000 60,000

57,300

56,991

2001

2002

80,664

94,289

96,100

2007

2008

100,144

104,152

86,214

64,207

40,000 20,000 0 2003

2004

2005

2006

2009

2010

2011

Central America Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Vessel Arrivals in Central America, 2001-2011 (Units) Country/Year

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Guatemala

2,534

2,637

2,912

3,055

3,112

3,366

3,546

3,370

3,261

3,501

3,328

El Salvador

445

451

546

590

610

718

855

729

630

620

725

Honduras

2,154

2,212

2,293

2,324

2,309

2,377

2,547

2,456

2,238

2,252

2,570

Nicaragua

544

422

432

421

449

621

676

673

596

640

642

Costa Rica

2,386

2,642

2,732

2,737

2,779

3,042

3,215

3,078

2,999

3,136

3,373

CACM

8,063

8,364

8,915

9,127

9,259 10,124 10,839 10,306

9,724 10,149 10,638

Panama

4,911

4,823

5,140

5,479

5,998

6,567

Central America

6,159

6,570

6,821

7,388

8,129

12,974 13,187 14,055 14,606 15,257 16,283 17,409 17,127 16,291 17,537 18,767

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

Vessel Arrivals in Central America, 2001-2011 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Container throughput at Central America, Year 2001-2011 2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Guatemala

597,775

681,078

725,976

750,343

770,363

835,253

876,653

905,705

887,322 1,022,994 1,163,076

El Salvador

17,721

42,221

66,216

93,647

104,370

124,331

144,458

156,323

126,369

146,819

161,226

Honduras

397,659

413,842

470,340

555,854

591,697

593,800

636,433

669,802

571,720

612,844

662,672

Nicaragua

10,933

10,447

12,328

16,983

18,951

47,948

61,457

63,234

59,932

68,326

84,467

Rica Costa

616,900

646,971

676,438

734,088

778,651

880,436

Country/Year

968,559 1,004,975

2010

2011

909,442 1,036,214 1,095,490

CACM

1,640,988 1,794,559 1,951,298 2,150,915 2,264,032 2,481,768 2,687,560 2,800,039 2,554,785 2,887,197 3,166,931

Panama

1,591,472 1,544,774 1,991,659 2,428,799 2,774,569 3,027,562 4,074,480 4,651,926 4,244,740 5,593,199 6,629,943

Central America 3,232,460 3,339,333 3,942,958 4,579,714 5,038,602 5,509,329 6,762,040 7,451,965 6,799,525 8,480,396 9,796,874 Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

Container throughput at Central America, Year 2001-2011, (Thousands of TEU)

Thousands of TEU

12,000 9,797

10,000

8,480

8,000

6,762

6,000 4,000

3,232 3,339

3,943

4,580

5,039

7,452

6,800

5,509

2,000 0 Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Summary Table. - Central America: Traffic by Ports 2011 Cargo Country/Ports

(Thousands of m etric tons)

Central America GUATEMALA Santo Tomas de Castilla

Vessel

Container

Seaboard

116,355.70 C

18,301.25 5,248.80

Barrios

C

Quetzal

Units 18,767 3,328

Units 5,666,338

TEU 9,796,874

617,861

1,163,076

1,480

239,162

494,900

2,600.25

446

157,997

317,802

P

8,382.94

1,289

350,374

P

2,069.26

113

220,702 -

725

P

5,847.54 40.88

16

-

-

Acajutla

P

5,753.46

675

Corsain

P

53.20

161,226 -

352,380

662,672

C

12,136.68 9,363.53

34 2,570

98,126 -

Tela

C

313.19

32

309,342 -

576,609 -

La Ce ba

C

2.65

54

-

-

Puerto Castilla

C

806.45

191

42,946

Roatan

C

-

395

-

85,892 -

San Lorenzo

P

1,650.86

170

92

642

53,038

Boyas de San José EL SALVADOR La Unión

HONDURAS Puerto Cortés

NICARAGUA Corinto

1,728

98,126

161,226

171

P

3,437.74 2,437.96

431

50,654

San Jaun del Sur

P

-

32

-

80,121 -

Sandino

P

920.85

37

-

-

Cabezas

C

14.89

12

-

-

El Bluff

C

24.20

38

167

310

Arlen Siu

C

39.84

92

2,217

4,036

COSTA RICA Caldera

14,207.36 3,892.66

3,373

P

671

102,293

Puntarenas

P

2.55

69

-

168,039 -

Terminal Punta Morales

P

115.53

12

-

-

Terminal Fertica

P

63.38

7

-

-

Golfito

P

134.46

61

-

-

Quepos

P

3.27

60

-

-

Limón-Moín

C

9,995.51

2,493

492,327

927,451

594,620

84,467

1,095,490

Continue

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2011

Summary Table. - Central America: Traffic by Ports 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard

PANAMA Armuelles

Carga (Thousands of metric tons)

Buques

Contenedores

Unidades

Unidades

8,129

P

40

-

C

490.51

145

12,738

P

-

44

-

25,964 -

Charco Azul

P

3,445.55

57

-

-

Chiriquí Grande

C

4,579.26

95

-

-

COLON 2000

C

-

177

-

-

Colon Port Terminal

C

0.03

6

101

105

Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.)

C

3,273.82

605

284,919

491,069

Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T)

C

13,306.70

2,716

1,110,608

1,899,802

P

23,718.60

2,185

1,908,741

3,232,265

C

7,728.67

1,694

633,206

Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA)

P

965.77

82

-

980,738 -

T. Decal

P

1,547.76

109

-

-

T. Granelera

C

590.46

89

-

-

T. Petrolero

C

2,767.35

82

-

-

T. Samba Bonita

C

10.65

3

-

Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante) Amador & Resort

Panama Port Co.Balboa (PPB) Panama Port Co.Cristobal (PPC)

S u mma r y Guatemala El Salvador

table

3,950,313

TEU

62,425.13 -

6,629,943 -

by country

18,301.25

3,328

617,861

1,163,076

5,847.54

725

98,126

161,226

Honduras

12,136.68

2,570

352,380

662,672

Nicaragua

3,437.74

642

53,038

84,467

Costa Rica

14,207.36

3,373

594,620

1,095,490

Panama

62,425.13

8,129

3,950,313

6,629,943

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority a /: Santo Tomas de Castilla not included in transshipment container handling units

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 1.- Central America: Cargo Throughput by country and ports Table 1. Central America: Cargo throughput by country and ports (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 (Thousands of metric tons) Año 2011 Seaboard Country/Ports O CENTRAL AMERICA 15,786.43 GUATEMALA 2,662.31 Santo Tomas de Castilla C 657.76 Barrios C 338.19 Quetzal P 1,260.66 Boyas de San José P 405.70 EL SALVADOR 1,120.44 La Unión P 8.01 Acajutla P 1,093.95 Corsain P 18.48 HONDURAS 1,802.95 Puerto Cortés C 1,492.47 Tela C 60.44 La Ceiba C 0.17 Puerto Castilla C 61.19 San Lorenzo P 188.68 NICARAGUA 680.82 Corinto P 398.70 Sandino P 268.50 Cabezas C 4.44 El Bluff C 5.50 Arlen Siu C 3.68 COSTA RICA 2,030.02 Caldera P 837.60 Puntarenas P 0.41 Terminal Punta Morales P 11.51 Terminal Fertica P 31.08 Golfito P Quepos P 1.49 Limón-Moín C 1,147.93 PANAMA 7,489.89 Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante) C 55.93 Charco Azul P 63.58 Chiriquí Grande C 526.92 Colon Port Terminal C Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.) C 143.66 Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T) C 1,448.39 Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB)P 2,971.14 Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC) C 622.31 Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA) P 211.28 T. Decal P 459.43 T. Granelera C 251.53 T. Petrolero C 725.07 T. Samba Bonita C 10.65

Quarter I L 11,801.84 2,145.54 750.83 372.38 871.31 151.02 426.80 426.80 1,250.41 985.35 0.81 150.92 113.33 231.31 225.98 1.18 4.15 1,603.98 156.03 0.33 43.52 6.89 1,397.21 6,143.80 88.54 726.53 0.03 613.35 1,462.15 2,317.50 935.70 -

Total 27,588.27 4,807.85 1,408.59 710.57 2,131.97 556.72 1,547.24 8.01 1,520.75 18.48 3,053.36 2,477.82 60.44 0.98 212.11 302.01 912.13 624.68 268.50 4.44 6.68 7.83 3,634.00 993.63 0.74 55.03 31.08 6.89 1.49 2,545.14 13,633.69 144.47 790.11 526.92 0.03 757.01 2,910.54 5,288.64 1,558.01 211.28 459.43 251.53 725.07 10.65

O 18,379.30 3,105.72 651.89 322.36 1,647.58 483.89 1,290.48 1,284.31 6.17 2,075.11 1,628.53 130.51 0.04 49.54 266.49 660.38 482.37 168.74 3.08 2.31 3.88 1,853.04 741.58 0.34 8.80 1.00 0.70 1,100.62 9,394.57 39.11 111.89 1,632.68 149.59 1,630.34 3,433.67 773.66 220.05 395.63 174.55 833.40 -

2,145.54 426.80 1,250.41 231.31 1,603.98 6,143.80

4,807.85 1,547.24 3,053.36 912.13 3,634.00 13,633.69

3,105.72 1,290.48 2,075.11 660.38 1,853.04 9,394.57

Quarter II L 12,818.65 1,744.40 695.21 369.88 592.35 86.96 246.34 246.34 1,343.80 974.64 0.71 123.72 244.73 173.15 168.66 0.78 3.71 1,865.69 186.54 0.59 38.65 42.59 1,597.32 7,445.27 92.72 1,096.88 130.72 688.86 1,686.69 2,567.66 1,181.74 -

Total 31,197.95 4,850.12 1,347.10 692.24 2,239.93 570.85 1,536.82 1,530.65 6.17 3,418.91 2,603.17 130.51 0.75 173.26 511.22 833.53 651.03 168.74 3.08 3.09 7.59 3,718.73 928.12 0.93 38.65 8.80 43.59 0.70 2,697.94 16,839.84 131.83 1,208.77 1,763.40 838.45 3,317.03 6,001.33 1,955.40 220.05 395.63 174.55 833.40 -

Summary GUATEMALA EL SALVADOR HONDURAS NICARAGUA COSTA RICA PANAMÁ

2,662.31 1,120.44 1,802.95 680.82 2,030.02 7,489.89

1,744.40 246.34 1,343.80 173.15 1,865.69 7,445.27

O 17,532.58 2,979.33 670.57 281.57 1,617.52 409.67 1,127.01 17.45 1,106.02 3.54 1,792.75 1,475.01 60.81 0.05 58.36 198.52 704.50 429.73 256.95 5.05 5.01 7.76 2,068.78 893.14 0.09 2.00 0.75 0.53 1,172.27 8,860.21 35.30 965.99 186.99 1,828.51 3,548.49 1,004.40 262.22 291.56 49.82 686.93 -

table

4,850.12 1,536.82 3,418.91 833.53 3,718.73 16,839.84

by 2,979.33 1,127.01 1,792.75 704.50 2,068.78 8,860.21

Quarter III L 11,547.41 1,385.13 641.35 303.56 402.11 38.11 209.08 0.19 208.89 1,136.01 716.00 0.86 164.68 254.47 110.12 104.61 0.92 4.59 1,392.34 149.14 0.10 21.85 37.52 1,183.73 7,314.73 86.63 885.95 88.52 649.22 1,830.39 2,710.34 1,063.68 -

Total 29,079.99 4,364.46 1,311.92 585.13 2,019.63 447.78 1,336.09 17.64 1,314.91 3.54 2,928.76 2,191.01 60.81 0.91 223.04 452.99 814.62 534.34 256.95 5.05 5.93 12.35 3,461.12 1,042.28 0.19 21.85 2.00 38.27 0.53 2,356.00 16,174.94 121.93 885.95 1,054.51 836.21 3,658.90 6,258.83 2,068.08 262.22 291.56 49.82 686.93 -

O 16,889.83 2,497.07 565.63 274.33 1,271.22 385.89 1,190.66 14.38 1,151.27 25.01 1,621.72 1,334.32 61.43 0.01 50.93 175.03 736.96 496.14 226.66 2.32 5.61 6.23 1,875.48 791.47 0.25 21.50 22.03 0.55 1,039.68 8,967.94 26.51 59.45 1,233.45 166.23 1,689.26 3,475.17 1,008.00 272.22 401.14 114.56 521.95 -

4,364.46 1,336.09 2,928.76 814.62 3,461.12 16,174.94

2,497.07 1,190.66 1,621.72 736.96 1,875.48 8,967.94

O 68,588.14 11,244.43 2,545.85 1,216.45 5,796.98 1,685.15 4,728.59 39.84 4,635.55 53.20 7,292.53 5,930.33 313.19 0.27 220.02 828.72 2,782.66 1,806.94 920.85 14.89 18.43 21.55 7,827.32 3,263.79 1.09 11.51 63.38 23.78 3.27 4,460.50 34,712.61 156.85 234.92 4,359.04 646.47 6,596.50 13,428.47 3,408.37 965.77 1,547.76 590.46 2,767.35 10.65

Total L 47,767.56 7,056.82 2,702.95 1,383.80 2,585.96 384.11 1,118.95 1.04 1,117.91 4,844.15 3,433.20 2.38 586.43 822.14 655.08 631.02 5.77 18.29 6,380.04 628.87 1.46 104.02 110.68 5,535.01 27,712.52 333.66 3,210.63 220.22 0.03 2,627.35 6,710.20 10,290.13 4,320.30 -

Total 116,355.70 18,301.25 5,248.80 2,600.25 8,382.94 2,069.26 5,847.54 40.88 5,753.46 53.20 12,136.68 9,363.53 313.19 2.65 806.45 1,650.86 3,437.74 2,437.96 920.85 14.89 24.20 39.84 14,207.36 3,892.66 2.55 115.53 63.38 134.46 3.27 9,995.51 62,425.13 490.51 3,445.55 4,579.26 0.03 3,273.82 13,306.70 23,718.60 7,728.67 965.77 1,547.76 590.46 2,767.35 10.65

11,244.43 4,728.59 7,292.53 2,782.66 7,827.32 34,712.61

7,056.82 1,118.95 4,844.15 655.08 6,380.04 27,712.52

18,301.25 5,847.54 12,136.68 3,437.74 14,207.36 62,425.13

country 1,385.13 209.08 1,136.01 110.12 1,392.34 7,314.73

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

O: Offloaded

Quarter IV L Total 11,599.66 28,489.49 1,781.75 4,278.82 615.56 1,181.19 337.98 612.31 720.19 1,991.41 108.02 493.91 236.73 1,427.39 0.85 15.23 235.88 1,387.15 25.01 1,113.93 2,735.65 757.21 2,091.53 61.43 0.01 147.11 198.04 209.61 384.64 140.50 877.46 131.77 627.91 226.66 2.32 2.89 8.50 5.84 12.07 1,518.03 3,393.51 137.16 928.63 0.44 0.69 21.50 23.68 45.71 0.55 1,356.75 2,396.43 6,808.72 15,776.66 65.77 92.28 501.27 560.72 0.98 1,234.43 675.92 842.15 1,730.97 3,420.23 2,694.63 6,169.80 1,139.18 2,147.18 272.22 401.14 114.56 521.95 -

L: Loaded

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

48

1,781.75 236.73 1,113.93 140.50 1,518.03 6,808.72

4,278.82 1,427.39 2,735.65 877.46 3,393.51 15,776.66


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 2: Central America: Vessel arrivals by port, quarterly (units), 2011 Country/Ports Central America GUATEMALA Santo Tomas de Castilla Barrios Puerto Quetzal San José EL SALVADOR LA Unión Acajutla Corsain HONDURAS Puerto Cortés Tela La Ceiba Puerto Castilla Roatán Terminal Coxen Hole Terminal Maghogany Bay San Lorenzo NICARAGUA Corinto Sandino San Juan del Sur Cabezas El Bluff El Rama (Arlen Siu) COSTA RICA Caldera Terminal Puntarenas Terminal de Punta Morales Golfito Quepos Terminal Fertica Limón-Moín

Seaboard

C C P P P P P C C C C C C P P P P C C C P P P P P P C

Quarter I

Quarter II

4,742 844 391 122 298 33 186 1 177 8 672 450 8 15 45 117 49 68 37 166 106 10 23 4 8 15 874 195 20 6 4 14 12 623

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

Quarter III

4,729 896 390 119 354 33 179 171 8 682 475 9 21 41 92 24 68 44 163 119 7 3 2 6 26 825 151 21 4 1 14 8 626

4,543 795 352 101 315 27 180 3 171 6 617 411 6 17 57 79 12 67 47 155 103 8 1 4 13 26 812 154 6 1 1 16 21 613

49

Quarter IV 4,753 793 347 104 322 20 180 12 156 12 599 392 9 1 48 107 40 67 42 158 103 7 10 2 11 25 862 171 22 1 1 17 19 631

Total 18,767 3,328 1,480 446 1,289 113 725 16 675 34 2,570 1,728 32 54 191 395 125 270 170 642 431 32 37 12 38 92 3,373 671 69 12 7 61 60 2,493 Continue


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 2: Central America: Vessel arrivals by port, quarterly (units), 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard

PANAMA

Quarter I

Quarter II

2,000

Quarter III

1,984

Quarter IV

1,984

Total

2,161

8,129

Aguadulce

P

-

-

-

-

-

Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante)

C

-

43

53

49

145

AMADOR & RESORTS

P

20

9

1

14

44

Armuelles

P

40

-

-

-

40

Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB)

P

492

516

555

622

2,185

Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC)

C

443

427

373

451

1,694

Charco Azul

P

14

16

16

11

57

Chiriquí Grande

C

16

30

25

24

95

COLON 2000

C

79

39

9

50

177

Colon Port Terminal

C

6

-

-

-

6

Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.)

C

139

147

147

172

605

Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T)

C

655

671

707

683

2,716

Pedregal

P

-

-

-

-

-

Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA)

P

23

17

21

21

82

T. Decal

P

30

25

32

22

109

T. Petrolero

C

8

36

4

34

82

T. GRANELERA

C

33

7

41

8

89

T. Samba Bonita

C

2

1

-

-

3

3,328

Su m m a r y T a b l e Guatemala

844

896

795

793

El Salvador

186

179

180

180

725

Honduras

672

682

617

599

2,570

Nicaragua

166

163

155

158

642

Costa Rica

874

825

812

862

3,373

2,000

1,984

1,984

2,161

8,129

Panamá Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

50


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 3: Central America: Vessel arrivals by ship type (units), 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard

Central America GUATEMALA Santo Tomás de Castilla Barrios Puerto Quetzal San José EL SALVADOR La Unión Acajutla Corsain HONDURAS Puerto Cortés Tela La Ceiba Puerto Castilla Roatán T. Coxen Hole T. Mahogany Bay San Lorenzo NICARAGUA Corinto Sandino San Juan del Sur Cabezas El Bluff El Rama (Arlen Siu) COSTA RICA* Caldera Terminal Puntarenas Terminal de Punta Morales Golfito Quepos Terminal Fertica Limón-Moín

C C P P P P P C C C C C

P P P P C C C P P P P P P C

Conventional 1,021 273 165 29 79 25 25 101 43 27 8 23 221 86 17 26 92 211 13 8 190

Reefer 1,440 376 155 21 200 59 11 48 789 52 737

Container Ships 11,264 1,892 968 346 578 310 14 296 1,461 1,350 110 1 196 196 1,509 273 1,236

RoRo 818 107 34 73 59 59 69 16 53 71 71 156 71 2 83

Dry Bulk Carrier 738 217 13 15 189 121 2 119 188 154 34 133 105 7 6 9 6

Liquid Bulk 735 319 111 21 74 113 79 78 1 82 53 25 4 46 17 5 1 23

oil Gas Tanker Carrier/Tanker 1,028 155 15 6 15 6 88 3 88 3 145 30 59 30 32 54 105 66 15 12 12 11 116 1 1 10 115

Barge 313 15 14 1 -

Cruises Others 948 307 60 48 19 41 48 2 38 2 8 30 397 38 2 10 27 395 125 270 1 48 1 11 1 37 220 182 57 82 65 2 2 42 3 56 93 -

Total 18,767 3,328 1,480 446 1,289 113 725 16 675 34 2,570 1,728 32 54 191 395 125 270 170 642 431 32 37 12 38 92 3,373 671 69 12 7 61 60 2,493 Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

51


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 3: Central America: Vessel arrivals by ship type (units), 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard Conventional

PANAMA Aguadulce AMADOR & RESORTS Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante) Armuelles Charco Azul Chiriquí Grande COLON 2000 Colon Port Terminal Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.) Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T) Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB) Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC) Pedregal Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA) T. Decal T. Petrolero T. GRANELERA T. Samba Bonita Yacth Club-Cristobal

P P C P P C C C C C P C P P P C C C P

Guatemala El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Costa Rica Panamá

Reefer

Container Ships

190 15 6 24 47 9 82 5 1 1 -

216 145 40 6 25 -

273 25 101 221 211 190

Summary 376 59 789 216

5,896 581 2,393 1,830 1,092 -

RoRo 356 271 67 18 -

Dry Bulk Carrier

Liquid Bulk

79 24 34 7 14 -

209 97 98 7 7 -

664 57 80 1 141 65 82 109 63 66 -

-

298 4 11 280 1 2 -

221 44 177 -

-

8,129 44 145 40 57 95 177 6 605 2,716 2,185 1,694 82 109 82 89 3 -

319 79 82 46 209

15 88 145 105 11 664

6 3 30 116 -

15 298

60 2 397 48 220 221

48 38 38 1 182 -

3,328 725 2,570 642 3,373 8,129

table by country 1,892 107 217 310 59 121 1,461 69 188 196 71 1,509 156 133 5,896 356 79

oil Tanker

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

52

Gas Carrier/Tanker

Barge

Cruises

Others

Total


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 4: Traffic by cargo type (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Country/Ports CENTRAL AMERICA

Seaboard

GUATEMALA Santo Tomas de Castilla Barrios Quetzal Boyas de San José

C C

La Unión Acajutla Corsain

P P p

Puerto Cortés Tela La Ceiba Puerto Castilla San Lorenzo

C C C C P

Corinto Sandino Cabezas El Bluff Arlen Siu

P P C C C

Caldera Puntarenas Terminal Punta Morales Golfito Quepos Terminal Fertica Limón-Moín

P P P P P P C

P P

EL SALVADOR

HONDURAS

NICARAGUA

COSTA RICA

General Cargo Containerized 3,152.50 69,191.11 1,016.60 8,087.84 494.76 3,351.11 150.86 2,238.46 370.98 2,498.27 142.52 1,548.36 17.46 142.52 1,530.90 296.27 4,425.97 197.88 3,932.68 2.65 27.16 491.52 68.58 1.77 54.17 749.09 39.32 713.19 10.91 14.85 24.99 851.93 8,496.42 291.26 0.97 35.26 2.20 522.24

1,375.73 7,120.69

Ro Ro 653.46 38.85 4.30 34.55 13.95 13.95 2.90 2.90 17.59 17.59 134.69

Dry Bulk 12,847.61 4,427.79 235.77 78.77 4,113.25 1,813.44 23.42 1,790.02 3,039.11 2,223.89 815.22 963.53 851.58 111.95 2,202.70

Liquid Bulk 28,757.17 4,350.39 1,162.86 132.16 986.11 2,069.26 2,303.23 2,276.07 27.16 3,025.07 1,832.69 313.19 114.27 764.92 1,653.36 816.28 808.90 14.89 13.29 2,520.95

Others 1,753.85 379.78 379.78 26.04 26.04 1,347.36 1,173.49 173.50 0.37 0.67

Total 116,355.70

46.69 88.00

2,032.95 0.01 60.88 63.38 45.48

146.03 1.57 54.65 99.20 1.07 2,218.43

0.67

3,892.66 2.55 115.53 63.38 134.46 3.27 9,995.51 Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

53

18,301.25 5,248.80 2,600.25 8,382.94 2,069.26 5,847.54 40.88 5,753.46 53.20 12,136.68 9,363.53 313.19 2.65 806.45 1,650.86 3,437.74 2,437.96 920.85 14.89 24.20 39.84 14,207.36


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 4: Traffic by cargo type (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard General Cargo

Containerized

PANAMA

Ro Ro

Dry Bulk

Liquid Bulk

791.01

45,883.43

445.48

401.04

Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante)

C

304.74

160.91

-

Charco Azul

P

-

-

-

Chiriquí Grande

C

49.83

-

Colon Port Terminal

C

-

0.03

Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.)

C

-

Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T)

C

-

Panama Port Co.Balboa (PPB)

P

-

Panama Port Co.Cristobal (PPC)

C

Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA)

P

T. Decal

P

T. Granelera T. Petrolero T. Samba Bonita

Others

Total

14,904.17

-

24.86

-

-

490.51

-

3,445.55

-

3,445.55

-

-

4,529.43

-

4,579.26

-

-

-

-

0.03

3,273.82

-

-

-

-

3,273.82

12,963.24

343.46

-

-

-

13,306.70

22,593.98

90.18

97.67

936.77

-

23,718.60

27.91

6,891.45

11.84

85.93

711.54

-

7,728.67

-

-

-

-

965.77

-

965.77

-

-

-

-

1,547.76

-

1,547.76

C

397.88

-

-

192.58

-

-

590.46

C

-

-

-

-

2,767.35

-

2,767.35

C

10.65

-

-

-

-

-

10.65

S u m m a r y

62,425.13

T a b l e

Guatemala

1,016.60

8,087.84

38.85

4,427.79

4,350.39

379.78

18,301.25

El Salvador

142.52

1,548.36

13.95

1,813.44

2,303.23

26.04

5,847.54

Honduras

296.27

4,425.97

2.90

3,039.11

3,025.07

1,347.36

12,136.68

Nicaragua

54.17

749.09

17.59

963.53

1,653.36

-

3,437.74

Costa Rica

851.93

8,496.42

134.69

2,202.70

2,520.95

0.67

14,207.36

Panama

791.01

45,883.43

445.48

401.04

14,904.17

-

62,425.13

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority - : Zero 0 : Quantity does not reach unity in thousands

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

54


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 4-A. Central America: Traffic offloaded by cargo type (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Country/Ports CENTRAL AMERICA

Seaboard

GUATEMALA Santo Tomas de Castilla Barrios Quetzal Boyas de San José

C C

La Unión Acajutla Corsain

P P P

Puerto Cortés Tela La Ceiba Puerto Castilla San Lorenzo

C C C C P

Corinto Sandino Cabezas El Bluff Arlen Siu

P P C C C

Caldera Puntarenas Terminal Punta Morales Terminal Fertica Golfito Quepos Limón-Moín

P P P P P P

P P

EL SALVADOR

HONDURAS

NICARAGUA

COSTA RICA

C

General Cargo 2,033.15 486.02 46.23 68.81 370.98 140.72 140.72 210.07 148.58 0.27 7.27 53.95

Containerized 32,448.65 3,874.88 1,683.23 936.71 1,254.94 932.23 16.42 915.81 1,956.08 1,825.40 129.04 1.64

Ro Ro 454.30 37.06 2.70 34.36 13.95 13.95 1.40 1.40 -

Dry Bulk 9,967.45 3,437.83 235.77 78.77 3,123.29 1,531.68 23.42 1,508.26 1,700.16 1,659.00 41.16

Liquid Bulk 22,904.57 3,319.45 577.92 132.16 924.22 1,685.15 2,083.97 2,056.81 27.16 2,760.03 1,714.50 313.19 0.65 731.69

Others 780.02 89.19 89.19 26.04 26.04 664.79 581.45 83.06 0.28

Total 68,588.14

30.42 23.30 7.12 671.79

424.44 404.21 5.80 14.43 2,528.57

17.59 17.59 95.03

763.02 651.07 111.95 2,141.82

1,547.19 710.77 808.90 14.89 12.63 2,390.11

-

197.28 0.09 7.48 2.20 464.74

845.06 1,683.51

46.69 48.34

2,032.95 0.01 63.38 45.48

141.81 0.99 11.51 16.30 1.07 2,218.43

2,782.66 1,806.94 920.85 14.89 18.43 21.55 7,827.32 3,263.79 1.09 11.51 63.38 23.78 3.27 4,460.50 Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

55

-

11,244.43 2,545.85 1,216.45 5,796.98 1,685.15 4,728.59 39.84 4,635.55 53.20 7,292.53 5,930.33 313.19 0.27 220.02 828.72


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 4-A. Central America: Traffic offloaded by cargo type (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard

PANAMA Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante) Charco Azul Chiriquí Grande Colon Port Terminal Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.) Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T) Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB) Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC) Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA) T. Decal T. Granelera T. Petrolero T. Samba Bonita

Guatemala El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority - : Zero 0 : Quantity does not reach unity in thousands

C P C C C C P C P P C C C

General Cargo 494.13 22.79 42.83 19.98 397.88 10.65

Containerized 22,732.45 109.20 646.47 6,406.42 12,676.05 2,894.31 -

Summary

table

486.02 140.72 210.07 30.42 671.79 494.13

Ro Ro 289.27 190.08 90.17 9.02 -

Dry Bulk 392.94 24.86 89.57 85.93 192.58 -

Liquid Bulk 10,803.82 234.92 4,316.21 572.68 399.13 965.77 1,547.76 2,767.35 -

3,437.83 1,531.68 1,700.16 763.02 2,141.82 392.94

3,319.45 2,083.97 2,760.03 1,547.19 2,390.11 10,803.82

Others -

Total 34,712.61 156.85 234.92 4,359.04 646.47 6,596.50 13,428.47 3,408.37 965.77 1,547.76 590.46 2,767.35 10.65

by country

3,874.88 932.23 1,956.08 424.44 2,528.57 22,732.45

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

37.06 13.95 1.40 17.59 95.03 289.27

56

89.19 26.04 664.79 -

11,244.43 4,728.59 7,292.53 2,782.66 7,827.32 34,712.61


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 4-B: Central America: Traffic loaded by cargo type (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Country/Ports CENTRAL AMERICA GUATEMALA Santo Tomas de Castilla

Seaboard

Barrios

1,119.35 530.58

36,742.46 4,212.96

199.16 1.79

2,880.16 989.96

5,852.60 1,030.94

973.83 290.59

Total 47,767.56 7,056.82

C

448.53

1,667.88

1.60

-

584.94

-

2,702.95

C

82.05

1,301.75

-

-

-

-

1,383.80

Quetzal

P

-

1,243.33

0.19

989.96

61.89

290.59

2,585.96

Boyas de San José

P

1.80

616.13

-

281.76

384.11 219.26

-

384.11 1,118.95

La Unión

P

-

1.04

-

-

-

-

1.04

Acajutla

P

1.80

615.09

-

281.76

219.26

-

1,117.91

Corsain

P

EL SALVADOR

Honduras

General Cargo

Containerized

86.20

Ro Ro

Dry Bulk

2,469.89

1.50

Liquid Bulk

1,338.95

Others

265.04

682.57

4,844.15

Puerto Cortés

C

49.30

2,107.28

1.50

564.89

118.19

592.04

Tela

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

La Ceiba

C

2.38

-

-

-

-

-

2.38

Puerto Castilla

C

19.89

362.48

-

-

113.62

90.44

586.43

San Lorenzo

P

NICARAGUA

3,433.20

14.63

0.13

-

774.06

33.23

0.09

822.14

23.75

324.65

-

200.51

106.17

-

655.08

Corinto

P

16.02

308.98

-

200.51

105.51

-

631.02

Sandino

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cabezas

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

El Bluff

C

-

5.11

-

-

0.66

-

5.77

Arlen Siu

C

7.73 180.14

10.56 5,967.85

-

18.29 6,380.04

4.22

-

628.87

COSTA RICA

39.66

60.88

130.84

0.67

Caldera

P

93.98

530.67

-

Puntarenas

P

0.88

-

-

-

0.58

-

1.46

Terminal Punta Morales

P

-

-

-

60.88

43.14

-

104.02

Terminal Fertica

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Golfito

P

27.78

-

-

-

82.90

-

110.68

Quepos

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Limón-Moín

C

57.50

5,437.18

39.66

-

-

0.67

5,535.01 Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

57

-


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 4-B: Central America: Traffic loaded by cargo type (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Country/Ports

Seaboard

PANAMA

General Cargo

Containerized

Ro Ro

Dry Bulk

Liquid Bulk

296.88

23,150.98

156.21

8.10

Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante)

C

281.95

51.71

-

Charco Azul

P

-

-

-

Chiriquí Grande

C

7.00

-

Colon Port Terminal

C

-

0.03

Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.)

C

-

Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T)

C

-

Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB)

P

Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC)

C

Petro America Terminal, S.A. (PATSA)

P

T. Decal

P

T. Granelera T. Petrolero T. Samba Bonita

C

Others

Total

4,100.35

-

-

-

-

333.66

-

3,210.63

-

3,210.63

-

-

213.22

-

220.22

-

-

-

-

0.03

2,627.35

-

-

-

-

2,627.35

6,556.82

153.38

-

-

-

6,710.20

-

9,917.93

0.01

8.10

364.09

-

10,290.13

7.93

3,997.14

2.82

-

312.41

-

4,320.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S u m m a r y

27,712.52

T a b l e

Guatemala

530.58

4,212.96

1.79

989.96

1,030.94

290.59

7,056.82

El Salvador

1.80

616.13

-

281.76

219.26

-

1,118.95

Honduras

86.20

2,469.89

1.50

1,338.95

265.04

682.57

4,844.15

Nicaragua

23.75

324.65

-

200.51

106.17

-

655.08

Costa Rica

180.14

5,967.85

39.66

60.88

130.84

0.67

6,380.04

-

27,712.52

Panama

296.88

23,150.98

156.21

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority - : Zero

0 : Quantity does not reach unity in thousands

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

58

8.10

4,100.35


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 5: Central America: Origin and Destination of cargo geographic regions (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Central America

North America

South America

Caribbean

Europe

Asia

Others

Total

Ports Country Seaboard Central American a/

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Origin

Destination

Total

4,540.60

2,209.90

24,521.08

13,565.38

11,120.01

2,296.58

2,036.65

760.56

2,252.85

2,747.52

7,463.98

2,416.96

6,959.48

2,191.97

58,894.65

26,188.87

85,083.52

154.08

156.32

7,159.46

4,761.59

1,596.72

352.20

210.75

215.40

783.94

376.58

977.90

735.36

361.56

459.38

11,244.41

7,056.83

18,301.24

Guatemala Santo Tomás de Castilla

C

79.02

45.69

1,813.65

2,162.02

365.91

31.77

44.49

189.02

196.67

181.94

12.33

17.45

33.76

75.08

2,545.83

2,702.97

5,248.80

Barrios

C

0.32

13.85

1,186.23

1,369.94

23.64

-

6.27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,216.46

1,383.79

2,600.25

Quetzal

P

53.02

96.78

2,783.45

1,059.79

1,027.15

320.43

92.17

7.37

547.81

180.39

965.57

536.90

327.80

384.30

5,796.97

2,585.96

8,382.93

Boyas de San José

P

21.72

-

1,376.13

169.84

180.02

-

67.82

19.01

39.46

14.25

-

181.01

-

-

1,685.15

384.11

2,069.26

852.12

50.91

2,218.05

467.33

444.40

51.17

140.50

22.88

107.60

83.91

415.03

170.17

550.89

272.58

4,728.59

1,118.95

5,847.54

El Salvador La Unión

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39.84

1.04

39.84

1.04

40.88

Acajutla

P

852.12

50.91

2,218.05

467.33

444.40

51.17

140.50

22.88

107.60

83.91

415.03

170.17

457.85

271.54

4,635.55

1,117.91

5,753.46

Corsain

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

53.20

-

53.20

-

53.20

201.49

172.99

4,895.82

2,851.77

723.89

147.75

221.37

138.39

427.56

450.86

238.07

1,015.68

584.33

66.70

7,292.53

4,844.14

12,136.67

64.30

5,930.34

3,433.20

9,363.54

Honduras b/ Cortes

C

137.08

158.52

4,482.27

2,348.40

253.11

131.70

173.11

106.23

399.09

359.66

219.01

264.39

266.67

Tela

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

313.19

-

313.19

-

313.19

La Ceiba

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.27

2.38

0.27

2.38

2.65

Castilla

C

49.38

13.58

136.06

474.69

19.44

16.05

3.12

9.39

8.15

64.69

-

8.01

3.86

0.01

220.01

586.42

806.43

San Lorenzo

P

15.03

0.89

277.49

28.68

451.34

-

45.14

22.77

20.32

26.51

19.06

743.28

0.34

0.01

828.72

822.14

1,650.86

-

-

718.01

242.05

919.11

77.76

636.40

-

39.84

-

198.60

162.29

270.70

172.99

2,782.66

655.09

3,437.75

Nicaragua Corinto

P

-

-

656.42

225.43

110.21

70.98

595.65

-

39.84

-

134.12

162.29

270.70

172.33

1,806.94

631.03

2,437.97

Sandino

P

-

-

34.24

-

808.90

-

13.23

-

-

-

64.48

-

-

-

920.85

-

920.85

Cabezas

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

14.89

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14.89

-

14.89

El Bluff

C

-

-

5.80

5.11

-

-

12.63

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.66

18.43

5.77

24.20

Arlen Siu

C

-

-

21.55

11.51

-

6.78

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21.55

18.29

39.84

Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

59


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 5: Central America: Origin and Destination of cargo geographic regions (Thousands of metric tons), 2011 Ports

Regions

Seabo ard

Costa Rica c/

Central America Destinati Origin on 1,145.28

North America Destinatio Origin n

South America Destinatio Origin n

Caribbean Destinat Origin ion

Europe Destinatio Origin n

Asia Destinatio Origin n

Others Destinat Origin ion

Total Destinatio Origin n

Total

1,391.03

3,918.86

2,249.76

582.51

321.86

15.41

8.68

344.34

1,482.16

478.10

181.40

1,342.83

745.15

7,827.33

6,380.04

14,207.37

Caldera d/

P

46.99

126.12

1,778.05

259.06

189.98

34.38

15.41

8.68

182.49

19.10

478.10

181.40

572.77

0.13

3,263.79

628.87

3,892.66

Puntarenas

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.09

1.46

1.09

1.46

2.55

Terminal Punta Morales

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11.51

104.02

11.51

104.02

115.53

Terminal Fertica

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

63.38

-

63.38

-

63.38

Quepos

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.27

-

3.27

-

3.27

Golfito

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23.78

110.68

23.78

110.68

134.46

Limon&Moin

C

1,098.29

1,264.91

2,140.81

1,990.70

392.53

287.48

-

-

161.85

1,463.06

-

-

667.03

528.86

4,460.51

5,535.01

9,995.52

2,187.63

438.65

5,610.88

2,992.88

6,853.38

1,345.84

812.22

375.21

549.57

354.01

5,156.28

152.06

3,849.17

475.17

25,019.13

6,133.82

31,152.95

92.14

154.37

24.86

5.10

24.66

3.68

-

-

15.19

170.51

-

-

-

-

156.85

333.66

490.51

-

56.12

-

2,799.01

234.92

355.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

234.92

3,210.63

3,445.55

-

-

142.25

-

3,785.73

75.34

313.34

7.00

67.80

81.42

-

-

49.92

56.46

4,359.04

220.22

4,579.26

PanamĂĄ e/ Bocas Fruit Co. (Almirante)

C

Charco Azul

P

ChiriquĂ­ Grande

C

Colon Port Terminal

C

Colon Container Terminal f (C.C.T.) Manzanillo Int l Terminal (MIT) f Panama Port Co.Balboa

C C

f

Panama Port Co.Cristobal

P f

C

Petroamerica Terminal (PATSA)

P

T. Decal

P

T Granelera

C

T Petrolera Bahia las Minas

C

T Samba Bonita

C

-

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.03

0.03

1.51

3.34

30.94

2.86

33.99

89.69

1.93

59.04

-

-

61.44

22.30

5.94

6.68

135.75

183.91

319.66

-

98.14

362.07

94.21

181.18

481.79

42.68

230.08

132.90

102.08

285.56

-

314.92

335.74

1,319.31

1,342.04

2,661.35

1,976.73

50.70

2,788.64

52.04

1,772.96

123.08

-

-

235.28

-

4,759.00

129.76

955.86

55.71

12,488.47

411.29

12,899.76

8.67

75.95

276.47

39.66

71.14

216.76

27.26

79.09

-

-

50.28

-

9.00

20.58

442.82

432.04

874.86

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

965.77

-

965.77

-

965.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,547.76

-

1,547.76

-

1,547.76

-

-

5.29

-

341.46

-

214.98

-

28.72

-

-

-

-

-

590.45

-

590.45

108.58

-

1,980.36

-

407.34

-

201.38

-

69.68

-

-

-

-

-

2,767.34

-

2,767.34

-

-

-

-

-

-

10.65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10.65

-

10.65

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority a /: Excludes figures ports of Tela and La Ceiba in Honduras, Puntarenas, Terminal and Terminal Fertica Punta Morales of Costa Rica and Panama Container Ports b /: Information cargo movement by source and destination ports of Tela and Ceiba are not available c /: Information cargo movement by source and destination ports of Puntarenas, Terminal and Terminal Punta Morales Fertica not available d /: Estimated figures based on foreign trade information INEC Database of Costa Rica e /: Information cargo movement by source and destination ports and PATSA DECAL, not available. f /: Information movement of cargo origin and destination ports PPB, CCT, PPC and MIT does not include transshipment cargo

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

60


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 6: Central American: Container throughput, (units), 2011 Offloaded Country/Year

GUATEMALA Santo Tomรกs de Castilla

Seabo ard

Loaded

Empty

Laden

Laden

Offloaded Transit Empty

Laden

Loaded Transit

Empty

Laden

transshipment

Empty

Laden

Total Modules

Empty

Empty

Laden

Total

169,775

80,704

196,837

64,361

10,707

-

4,781

-

77,708

12,988

459,808

158,053

617,861

82,022

32,341

94,867

29,932

-

-

-

-

-

-

176,889

62,273

239,162

Container 45'

14,330

574

12,003

5,002

-

-

-

-

-

-

26,333

5,576

31,909

Container 40'

42,914

26,476

64,208

17,375

-

-

-

-

-

-

107,122

43,851

150,973

Container 20'

24,571

4,773

18,557

7,165

-

-

-

-

-

-

43,128

11,938

55,066

Total Container

81,815

31,823

94,768

29,542

-

-

-

-

-

-

176,583

61,365

237,948

207

518

99

390

-

-

-

-

-

-

26,127

25,505

49,849

5,332

6,964

-

4,116

-

39,647

457

126,703

31,294

157,997

Container 45'

1,001

90

96

803

127

-

77

-

123

9

1,424

902

2,326

Container 43'

3,234

2,535

5,313

963

723

-

40

-

6,441

311

15,751

3,809

19,560

Container 40'

21,299

22,745

44,374

2,829

5,990

-

3,954

-

33,079

135

108,696

25,709

134,405

Container 20'

593

135

66

737

124

-

45

-

4

2

832

874

1,706

61,626

22,858

52,121

29,097

3,743

-

665

-

38,061

12,531

156,216

64,486

220,702

Container 45'

852

17

666

1,175

74

-

163

-

10

-

1,765

1,192

2,957

Container 40'

36,146

13,898

27,827

18,194

3,465

-

484

-

20,821

5,137

88,743

37,229

125,972

Container 20'

24,628

8,943

23,628

9,728

204

-

18

-

17,230

7,394

65,708

26,065

91,773

Total Container

61,626

22,858

52,121

29,097

3,743

-

665

-

38,061

12,531

156,216

64,486

220,702

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48,393

2,476

23,975

21,379

-

-

-

554

984

367

73,352

24,774

98,126

48,393

2,476

23,975

21,379

-

-

-

554

984

367

73,352

24,774

98,126

Container 48'

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Container 45'

2,288

22

841

1,324

-

-

-

-

136

4

3,265

1,350

4,615

Container 40'

27,597

1,767

15,387

11,204

-

-

-

517

526

326

43,510

13,814

57,324

Container 20'

18,508

685

7,747

8,851

-

-

-

37

322

37

26,577

9,610

36,187 Continue

C

Container Puerto Barrios

Puerto Quetzal

C

P

Container* EL SALVADOR Acajutla

P

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

61


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 6: Central American: Container throughput, (units), 2011 Country/Year

Seab oard

HONDURAS

Offloaded Laden

Loaded

Empty

Laden

Offloaded Transit Empty

Laden

Loaded Transit

Empty

Laden

transshipment

Empty

Laden

Total Modules

Empty

Laden

Empty

Total

126,580

46,099

148,494

31,207

-

-

-

-

-

-

275,074

77,306

352,380

118,759

33,364

128,708

28,511

-

-

-

-

-

-

247,467

61,875

309,342

Container 48'

254

11

99

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

353

12

365

Container 45'

32,100

2,081

28,838

4,809

-

-

-

-

-

-

60,938

6,890

67,828

Container 43'

3,228

1,024

3,786

305

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,014

1,329

8,343

Container 40'

62,188

22,059

72,554

15,577

-

-

-

-

-

-

134,742

37,636

172,378

Container 20'

20,989

8,189

23,431

7,819

-

-

-

-

-

-

44,420

16,008

60,428

118,759

33,364

128,708

28,511

-

-

-

-

-

-

247,467

61,875

309,342

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,759

12,723

19,771

2,693

-

-

-

-

-

-

27,530

15,416

42,946

7,759

12,723

19,771

2,693

-

-

-

-

-

-

27,530

15,416

42,946

62

12

15

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

77

15

92

Container 40'

56

11

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68

11

79

Container 20'

6

1

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

4

13

25,101

1,657

13,417

11,918

909

4

37

-

-

-

39,461

13,577

53,038

24,011

1,600

13,095

10,998

909

4

37

-

-

-

38,052

12,602

50,654

Container 45'

161

78

85

96

-

-

-

-

-

-

246

174

420

Container 40'

14,310

898

7,883

5,757

71

4

17

-

-

-

22,281

6,659

28,940

Container 20'

9,540

624

5,127

5,145

838

-

20

-

-

-

15,525

5,769

21,294

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Container 40'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Container 20'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CortĂŠs

C

Total Container Container Castilla

C

Container 40' San Lorenzo

P

NICARAGUA Corinto

Puerto Cabezas

P

C

-

Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 6: Central American: Container throughput, (units), 2011 Country/Year

El Bluff

Offloaded

Seab oard

Loaded

Empty

Laden

Offloaded Transit Empty

Laden

Loaded Transit

Empty

Laden

transshipment

Empty

Laden

Total Modules

Empty

Laden

Empty

Total

46

35

17

69

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

104

167

Container 40'

39

31

13

60

-

-

-

-

-

-

52

91

143

Container 20'

7

4

4

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

13

24

1,044

22

305

851

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,346

871

2,217

Container 45'

2

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

Container 40'

870

-

230

709

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,100

709

1,809

Container 20'

172

22

74

140

-

-

-

-

-

-

246

162

408

COSTA RICA

163,436

127,425

225,874

64,652

6,609

-

6,624

-

-

-

402,543

192,077

594,620

51,996

1,853

23,078

25,366

-

-

-

-

-

-

75,074

27,219

102,293

Container 40'

32,935

1,806

19,662

11,343

-

-

-

-

-

-

52,597

13,149

65,746

Container 20'

19,061

47

3,416

14,023

-

-

-

-

-

-

22,477

14,070

36,547

Total Container

51,996

1,853

23,078

25,366

-

-

-

-

-

-

75,074

27,219

102,293

Container

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

111,440

125,572

202,796

39,286

6,609

-

6,624

-

-

-

327,469

164,858

492,327

Container 52'

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

4

Container 45'

3,508

3,479

5,719

1,306

75

-

69

-

-

-

9,371

4,785

14,156

Container 43'

316

126

449

31

-

-

-

-

-

-

765

157

922

Container 40'

80,983

119,536

179,128

24,525

5,792

-

5,810

-

-

-

271,713

144,061

415,774

Container 20'

26,602

2,232

17,491

13,144

727

-

688

-

-

-

45,508

15,376

60,884

Total Container

111,409

125,373

202,791

39,006

6,594

-

6,567

-

-

-

327,361

164,379

491,740

Container

31

199

5

280

15

-

57

-

-

-

108

479

587

EL Rama

Caldera

Lim贸n-Mo铆n

C

Laden

C

P

C

Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

63


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 6:. Central American: Container throughput (units), 2011 Country/Year

Seab oard

PANAMA

Offloaded Laden

Loaded

Empty

Laden

Offloaded Transit Empty

Laden

Loaded Transit

Empty

Laden

transshipment

Empty

Laden

Total Modules

Empty

Laden

Empty

Total

215,977

48,809

139,360

117,346

-

-

-

-

2,542,569

886,252

2,897,906

1,052,407

3,950,313

Bocas Frult Co. (Almirante)

C

6,714

1,516

2,357

2,151

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,071

3,667

12,738

Chiriquí Grande

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Colon Port Terminal Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.) Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T) Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB) Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC) T. Samba Bonita ( Bahía Las Mina )

C

-

52

49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49

52

101

C

37,655

22

10,375

37,945

-

-

-

-

153,910

45,012

201,940

82,979

284,919

C

79,009

34,619

80,486

28,007

-

-

-

-

637,987

250,500

797,482

313,126

1,110,608

P

69,176

2,648

22,496

38,014

-

-

-

-

1,341,347

435,060

1,433,019

475,722

1,908,741

C

23,423

9,952

23,597

11,229

-

-

-

-

409,325

155,680

456,345

176,861

633,206

-

-

-

P Summary

table

by country

Guatemala

169,775

80,704

196,837

64,361

10,707

-

4,781

-

77,708

12,988

459,808

158,053

617,861

El Salvador

48,393

2,476

23,975

21,379

-

-

-

554

984

367

73,352

24,776

98,128

Honduras

126,580

46,099

148,494

31,207

-

-

-

-

-

-

275,074

77,306

352,380

Nicaragua

25,101

1,657

13,417

11,918

909

4

37

-

-

-

39,464

13,579

53,043

Costa Rica

163,436

127,425

225,874

64,652

6,609

-

6,624

-

-

-

402,543

192,077

594,620

Panamá

215,977

48,809

139,360

117,346

-

-

-

-

2,542,569

886,252

2,897,906

1,052,407

3,950,313

CENTRAL AMERICA

749,262

307,170

747,957

310,863

18,225

4

11,442

554

2,621,261

899,607

4,148,147

1,518,198

5,666,345

Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

64


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 7: Central American: Container throughput in TEU (units), 2011 Offloaded Country/Year

Seabo ard

GUATEMALA

Laden

Loaded

Offloaded Transit Laden

Loaded Transit

Empty

Laden

transshipment

Empty

Laden

Total

Empty

Laden

Total

Empty

Laden

Empty

Empty

TEU

320,339

148,108

355,416

110,662

21,243

-

9,565

-

145,469

52,274

852,032

311,044

1,163,076

Santo Tomás de Castilla

C

169,104

60,052

174,182

51,630

-

-

-

-

6,287

33,645

349,573

145,327

494,900

Barrios

C

52,397

51,278

100,453

10,271

13,943

-

8,212

-

80,287

961

255,292

62,510

317,802

Puerto Quetzal

P

98,838

36,778

80,781

48,761

7,300

-

1,353

-

58,895

17,668

247,167

103,207

350,374

78,851

4,273

40,413

34,239

-

-

-

1,071

1,681

698

120,945

40,281

161,226

EL SALVADOR Acajutla

P

78,851

4,273

40,413

34,239

-

-

-

1,071

1,681

698

120,945

40,281

161,226

Corsain

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

240,775

84,686

281,370

55,841

-

-

-

-

-

-

522,145

140,527

662,672

HONDURAS Cortés

C

225,139

59,217

241,801

50,452

-

-

-

-

-

-

466,940

109,669

576,609

Castilla

C

15,518

25,446

39,542

5,386

-

-

-

-

-

-

55,060

30,832

85,892

San Lorenzo

P

118

23

27

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

145

26

171

40,524

2,684

21,651

18,566

980

8

54

-

-

-

63,209

21,258

84,467

NICARAGUA Corinto

P

38,523

2,596

21,085

16,875

980

8

54

-

-

-

60,642

19,479

80,121

El Bluff

C

85

66

30

129

-

-

-

-

-

-

115

195

310

El Rama

C

1,916

22

536

1,562

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,452

1,584

4,036

Cabezas

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

282,134

253,460

432,341

102,468

12,510

-

12,577

-

-

-

739,562

355,928

1,095,490

COSTA RICA Caldera

P

84,931

3,659

42,740

36,709

-

-

-

-

-

-

127,671

40,368

168,039

Limón-Moín

C

197,203

249,801

389,601

65,759

12,510

-

12,577

-

-

-

611,891

315,560

927,451 Continue

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

65


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 7. Central American: Container throughput in TEU (units), 2011 Country/Year

Seab oard

PANAMA

Offloaded Laden

Offloaded Transit

Loaded

Empty

Laden

Empty

Loaded Transit

transshipment

Laden

Empty

Laden

Empty

Total

Laden

Empty

Laden

Total Empty

376,947

85,346

244,664

202,397

-

-

-

-

4,187,172

1,533,417

4,808,783

TEU

1,821,160 6,629,943

Bocas Frult Co. (Almirante)

C

13,647

3,076

4,839

4,402

-

-

-

-

-

-

18,486

7,478

25,964

Chiriquí Grande

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Colon Port Terminal Colon Container Terminal (C.C.T.) Manzanillo Int´l Terminal (M.I.T) Panamá Port Co.Balboa (PPB)

C

-

54

51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51

54

105

C

68,049

38

18,944

68,853

-

-

-

-

257,619

77,566

344,612

146,457

491,069

C

134,848

59,185

137,781

48,147

-

-

-

-

1,090,515

429,326

1,363,144

536,658 1,899,802

P

121,801

5,074

42,395

61,842

-

-

-

-

2,214,116

787,037

2,378,312

853,953 3,232,265

C

38,602

17,919

40,654

19,153

-

-

-

-

624,922

239,488

704,178

276,560

980,738

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Panamá Port Co.Cristóbal (PPC) T. Granalera ( Bahía Las Mina ) T. Samba Bonita ( Bahía Las Mina )

-

-

Summary

table

by country

Guatemala

320,339

148,108

355,416

110,662

21,243

-

9,565

-

145,469

52,274

852,032

El Salvador

78,851

4,273

40,413

34,239

-

-

-

1,071

1,681

698

120,945

40,281

161,226

Honduras

240,775

84,686

281,370

55,841

-

-

-

-

-

-

522,145

140,527

662,672

Nicaragua

40,524

2,684

21,651

18,566

980

8

54

-

-

-

63,209

21,258

84,467

Costa Rica

282,134

253,460

432,341

102,468

12,510

-

12,577

-

-

-

739,562

355,928 1,095,490

Panamá

376,947

85,346

244,664

202,397

-

-

-

-

4,187,172

1,533,417

4,808,783

1,821,160 6,629,943

Central America 1,339,570 578,557 Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

1,375,855

524,173

34,733

8

22,196

1,071

4,334,322

1,586,389

7,106,676

2,690,198 9,796,874

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

66

311,044 1,163,076


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Table 8:. Central American: Cruise vessels and passengers arrivals by port, (units), 2011 Country/Year

Seaboard

Vessel Arrivals Cruises

Sailboats

60

Cultural -

Total -

Arriving

GUATEMALA Santo Tomás de Castilla

C

19

-

-

Barrios

C

-

-

-

-

-

Quetzal

P

41

-

-

-

2

-

1

EL SALVADOR

-

Passengers Yacht

60

Disembarks 17,891

18,031

17,822

17,822

-

-

-

41

54,722

69

209

-

3

-

650

-

19

54,722

Departure

Acajutla

P

2

-

1

-

3

-

650

-

Corsain

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

397

-

-

-

397

5,338

311,771

-

HONDURAS Cortés

C

2

-

-

-

2

5,338

Castilla

C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Roatán

C

395

-

-

-

395

-

311,771

-

48

-

-

-

48

37,243

39,210

39,211

NICARAGUA Corinto

P

11

-

-

-

11

15,611

14,847

14,847

San Juan del Sur

P

37

-

-

-

37

21,632

24,363

24,364

217

24

-

3

244

173,723

5,504

6,749

5,063

5,029

416

1,717

COSTA RICA Caldera

P

57

1

-

3

61

Puntarenas

P

65

-

-

-

65

Quepos

p

Limón-Moín

C

PANAMA

2

23

-

-

25

… … …

93

-

-

-

93

173,723

221

-

-

-

221

-

25

3

295,452

293,654

AMADOR & RESORTS

C

44

-

-

-

44

223

53

COLON 2000

P

177

-

-

-

177

295,229

293,601

CRISTOBAL

P

-

Summary

-

-

-

table

by country

Guatemala

60

-

-

-

60

54,722

17,891

18,031

El Salvador

2

-

1

-

3

-

650

-

Honduras

397

-

-

-

397

5,338

311,771

-

Nicaragua

48

-

-

-

48

37,243

39,210

39,211

Costa Rica

217

24

-

3

244

173,723

5,504

6,749

Panamá

221

-

-

-

221

-

295,452

293,654

24

1

3

973

271,026

670,478

357,645

Central America 945 Source: Central American Ports and Panama Authority

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

67


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Glossary of Terms Arrival: Arrival of a vessel at a port to load or offload or to avoid some danger. Barge Ship: Shallow draft vessels without their own propulsion system for the transport of different cargo. Cargo: Shipment or effects and merchandise to be transported from one port to another that is loaded or stowed on a vessel. Coastal Traffic Port: A port used for commercial operations between national ports. Containership: Specialized vessel for the transport of containers. Container: Box or structure specially built to move cargo with a re-usable character. In it merchandise could be packed to be transported from point-to-point as a unit. Containerized Cargo: Cargo handled in containers that are loaded or offloaded with a crane. Conventional Vessel: Ship that mainly transports general cargo and occasionally transports other types of cargo. Crew: Traveler on board a vessel or aircraft that carries out activities directly related to the running, administration, maintenance, and services of it. Docking: Pulling a vessel alongside a dock. Draught: Draft. It is the submerged depth of a vessel in the water. In a port, it is the height of the water surface over the bottom. Foreign Trade: Commerce for export and import of merchandise and services from one country to other countries. General Cargo: Cargo in solid, liquid, or gaseous form that is packed or not packed and that can be treated as a unit and that is loaded or offloaded using a crane. Intermodal Transport: Uses at least two modes of transport and there is no single responsibility to the user who can take action against one or another of the transporters. Lift on Lift off (Lo–Lo): Loading or offloading cargo with a crane. Liquid Bulk Cargo: Liquid loaded or offloaded using pipes and/or hoses. Liquid Bulk Vessel: Specialized vessel for the transport of liquid products like Liquefied Natural Gas Carrier: Specialized vessel for the transport of liquid gas. Loading: Action of taking the merchandise from land onto the vessel.

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Maritime Port: Set of land, maritime waters, and facilities on the shore of the sea that have the natural or artificial physical conditions and organization for carrying out port traffic operations and that is used by the competent administration for carrying out these activities. Metric tons: is a unit of mass equal to 1,000 kg (2,205 lb). Multimodal Transport: Uses at least two modes of transport under a single contract and single responsibility. National Port System: The set of natural and legal persons, goods, infrastructure, ports, terminals, and port facilities (public and/or private) that is located in the territory of a country. Offloading: Action of taking the merchandise from a vessel to land. It also applies to persons. Oil Tanker: Vessel exclusively for the transport of bulk crude. Oil Terminal: Maritime port facility dedicated mostly to handling products related to the petroleum industry. Other Cargo: Cargo that is not classified in the other definitions and that does not represent a significant volume. Passenger: A person traveling on a vessel that is not part of the crew. Port: Geographic locality and economic unit of a locality where there are terminals, land or waterbased natural or artificial infrastructure and facilities for the carrying out of port activities. Port Operations: The entry, leaving, anchoring, casting off, mooring, unmooring, and stay of vessels in the territory of a port. Port Terminal: Operative units of a port designed to propitiate modal exchange and port services: includes the infrastructure, temporary deposits, and internal transport routes. Reefer Vessel: Ship conditioned for the transport of merchandise in storerooms with low temperatures for preserving it. Roll on roll off (Ro –Ro): Operation of transfer on wheels. Ro-Ro Cargo: Cargo that is loaded or offloaded on a rolling surface by highway vehicles, trailers, or tractor trailers on their own wheels or wheels added for this purpose, loaded or offloaded using a maritime-overland transport ramp. Ro-Ro Vessel: Ship designed for transport of tractor trailers and vehicles that is loaded and offloaded using a ramp for rolling on. Seaboard: Coast of sea, country, or territory. Solid Bulk Cargo: Solid product moved without containers or packing and loaded or offloaded with a crane.

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

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P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

Solid Bulk Vessel: Specialized vessel for the transport of solid bulk products. Terminal: The unit established in or outside of a port made up by works, facilities, and surfaces and included in its water zone that allows for the full carrying out of the port operations it was designed for. TEU: Normalized unit based on a 20-foot long ISO container (6.10 meters) that is used as a statistical measure of traffic flows or capacities. A normalized 40-foot Series 1 ISO container is equivalent to 2 TEU. Mobile boxes less than 20 feet correspond to 0.75 TEU, those longer than 20 but shorter than 40 feet are 1.5 TEU, and those longer than 40 feet are 2.25 TEU. Tourism Terminal: Port facility dedicated mostly to attending to cruise ships, passengers, yachts, and water recreation activities. Tourist Vessel (Cruise Ship): Vessel for international crossings with passengers lodged on board participating in a group program and with temporary stopovers at one or more different ports. During the crossing, this vessel does not normally take on or disembark other passengers, nor load or offload any cargo. Tractor Trailer: Large transport vehicle with a box or structure for moving cargo on wheels and without its own means of propulsion and designed to be towed by a truck or tractor. Transit: Passage of foreign merchandise through a country when this is part of the total trajectory begun abroad and ending outside of its borders by a means of transport that is not maritime mode. Transshipping: Comprises the transfer of offloaded cargo (especially containers and tractor trailers) at a port terminal and then loaded on a different vessel; however, in those places where the geography or infrastructure permit it, this operation can be complemented by a model of overland transport (e.g. railroad) that will move the cargo to another port that is sometimes a long distance from the first in order to be transported further. Type of Cargo: Category of merchandise moved at the ports according to its form and physical characteristics (General, Containerized, Ro-Ro, Bulk Liquid, Bulk Solid, Others). Unloading: Action of taking the merchandise from the vessel on land.

CENTRAL AMERICAN MARITIME TRANSPORT COMMISSION

70


P O R T S T ATI S TI C AL S UMM AR Y F O R T HE CE N TR AL AM E RI C AN I S THMU S

2011

LIST OF COUNTRIES BY REGION OF THE WORLD ASIA 1. Afghanistan 2. Armenia 3. Azerbaijan 4. Bangladesh 5. Bhutan 6. Brunei 7. Darussalam 8. Cambodia 9. North Korea 10. South Korea 11. China 12. Philippines EUROPE 1. Albania 2. Andorra 3. Belarus 4. Bosnia 5. Bulgaria 6. Croatia 7. Cyprus 8. Slovenia 9. Estonia 10. Guernsey 11. Hungary 12. Iceland 13. Faroe Islands 14. Jersey 15. Latvia 16. Liechtenstein CARIBBEAN 1. Antilles Holiness 2. Antigua y Barbuda 3. Aruba 4. Bahamas 5. Barbados 6. Bermuda 7. Cuba 8. Dominica SOUTH AMERICA 1. Argentina 2. Bolivia 3. Brazil 4. Chile 5. Colombia

13. Georgia 14. Hong Kong 15. India 16. Indonesia 17. Japan 18. Kazakhstan 19. Kyrgyzstan 20. Laos 21. Macao 22. Malaysia 23. Maldives 24. Mongolia

25. Myanmar (Burma) 26. Nepal 27. Pakistan 28. Singapore 29. Sri Lanka 30. Thailand 31. Taiwan 32. Tajikistan 33. East Timor 34. Turkmenistan 35. Uzbekistan 36. Vietnam

17. Lithuania 18. Macedonia 19. Malta 20. Moldova 21. Monaco 22. Norway 23. Poland 24. Czech Republic 25. Slovak Republic 26. Romania 27. Russia 28. San Marino 29. Vatican City State 30. Switzerland 31. Ukraine 33. Yugoslavia

24. Germany 25. Austria 26. Belgium 27. Denmark 28. Spain 29. Finland 30. France 31. Greece 32. Netherland 33. Ireland 34. Italy 35. Luxembourg 36. Portugal 37. United Kingdom 38. Sweden

9. Grenade 10. Guadeloupe 11. Haiti 12. Cayman Islands 13. Virgins Islands (UK) 14. Virgins Islands (US) 15. Jamaica 16. Martinique

17. Puerto Rico 18. Dominican Republican 19. Saint Kitts and Nevis 20. Saint Vincent and The Grenadines 21. Saint Lucia 22. Trinidad & Tobago 23. Curacao

6. Ecuador 7. French Guiana 8. Guyana 9. Falkland Islands 10. Paraguay

11. Peru 12. Suriname 13. Uruguay 14. Venezuela

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CENTRAL AMERICA 1. Belize 2. Costa Rica 3. El Salvador 4. Guatemala

2011

5. Honduras 6. Nicaragua 7. Panama

NORTH AMERICA 1. Canada 2. Unites Estates

3. Greenland 4. Mexico

OTHERS 20. Guinea 21. Guinea-Bissau 22. Equatorial Guinea 23. Kenya 24. Lesotho 25. Liberia 26. Libya 27. Madagascar 28. Malawi 29. Mali 30. Morocco 31. Mauritius 32. Mauritania 33. Mozambique 34. Namibia 35. Niger 36. Nigeria 37. Central African Republic

38. Democratic Republic of the Congo 39. Reunion islands 40. Rwanda 41. Sahara 42. Santa Helena 43. Sao Tome & Principe 44. Senegal 45. Seychelles 46. Sierra Leone 47. Somalia 48. South Affric 49. Sudan 50. Swaziland 51. Tanzania 53. Togo 54. Tunisia 55. Uganda 56. Zambia 57. Zimbabwe

MIDDLE EAST 1. Saudi Arabia 2. Bahrain 3. United Arabs Emirates 4. Iraq 5. Iran

6. Israel 7. Jordan 8. Kuwait 9. Lebanon 10. Oman

11. Palestine 12. Qatar 13. Syria 14. Turkey 15. Yemen

OCEANIA 1. Australia 2. Fiji 3. Guam 4. Marshall Islands 5. Salomon Islands

6. Kiribati 7. Micronesian 8. New Caledonia 9. New Zealand 10. New Papua

11. Guinea 12. French Polynesia 13. Samoa 14. Tonga 15. Vanuatu

AFRICA 1. Angola 2. Algeria 3. Benin 4. Botswana 5. Burkina Faso 6. Burundi 7. Cameron 8. Cape Verde 9. Chad 10. Comoros 11. Congo 12. Ivory Coast 13. Djibouti 14. Egypt 15. Eritrea 16. Ethiopia 17. Gabon 18. Gambia 19. Ghana

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Central American Commission for Maritime Transport Residencial Bolonia, Front to the west side of the Mansi贸n Teodolinda麓s Hotel info@cocatram.org.ni -- www.cocatram.org.ni -- Phone. (505) 2222-2754


statistical 2011