Page 1


Spring 2014


Volume 25 No.2

Conservation League

4 ~ Edisto River

11 ~ Solar Rises

15 ~ Beaufort Gives

16 ~ CCL's First Decade

20 ~ More Food Hubs

25th Anniversary

Spring 2014

Vol. 25

No. 2

Founding Principles in 1989 Hold True Today

STAFF ____________________ Director

Dana Beach

REGIONAL OFFICES _____ ________________ SOUTH COAST

Project Manager

Reed Armstrong

Where there is no vision, the people perish. – Proverbs

NORTH COAST Office Director Nancy Cave


Office Director Merrill McGregor Govt. Relations Specialist Anne Petterson Hutto Utility Regulation Specialist Kenneth Sercy

_______PROGRAMS _____________ Program Directors Hamilton Davis

Project Managers GrowFood Carolina

Michelle Sinkler Lisa Turansky Katie Zimmerman Myles Maland Natalie Olson Sara Clow Jessica Diaz Nina Foy Benton Montgomery Jake Sadler Bob Tremayne

DEVELOPMENT ____________________ Director of Development Interim Dir. of Development Foundation and Major Gifts Events Manager Membership Director

Abby Rowland Cathy Forrester Shannyn Smith Bea Girndt Danner Friedman

ADMINISTRATION ______________ ______ HR and Administration Director of Finance Data Manager Administrative Assistant Clerical Support

Tonnia Switzer-Smalls Tina Allen Nora Kravec Louann Yorke Chanta Adams

Board of Directors Roy Richards, Chair Andy Berly Richard R. Schmaltz William Cogswell Jeffrey Schutz Andrea Ziff Cooper Stan Stevens Ceara Donnelley John Thompson Berry Edwards Bill Turner Katharine Hastie David Westerlund W. Jefferson Leath Peter Wilborn Alex Marsh Stephen Zoukis James R. McNab, Jr.

Advisors and Committee Members Paul Kimball Hugh Lane Jay Mills

Newsletter Editor Virginia Beach Designer Julie Frye

P.O. Box 1765 Q Charleston, SC 29402 Phone: (843) 723-8035 Q FAX: (843) 723-8308 Email: website: P.O. Box 1861 QBeaufort, SC 29901 Phone: (843) 522-1800 1001 Washington Street, Suite 300 Q Columbia, SC 29201 Phone: (803) 771-7102 P.O. Box 603 Q Georgetown, SC 29442 Phone: (843) 545-0403


hank you to our members and supporters for sustaining and inspiring us for the last quartercentury. This 25th anniversary year is a good time to reflect on our founding principles as well as on our vision for the future. It compels us to connect the work we do on a daily basis to the broader goals and aspirations we all share for the Lowcountry in the 21st century. The Coastal Conservation League was founded in 1989, two decades after the passage of groundbreaking federal environmental legislation – the Clean Water Act, the Clean When we Air Act, Superfund and the Endangered Species Act. By the opened shop late 1980s, it was clear that while these laws had countered in 1989, South many threats to the environment, they failed to address Carolina was a fundamental problem — the rapid spread of sprawling losing rural development and the associated loss of wildlife habitat, historic land to sprawl and cultural sites, and quality of life. Nowhere was this more at the rate of evident than in the South Carolina Lowcountry. 400 acres a day. As a result, the Conservation League spent the first decade Our founding and a half intensely focused on improving land use practices passion was for the benefit and health of our waterways, wildlife and to stop the people. We championed more traditional, common-sense bleeding and patterns of development—versus the default mode of sprawl protect the — in order to save land, reduce housing and infrastructure threatened costs, and increase public transit usage, bicycling and walking. farms, forests, We promoted thoughtful planning as a cure for many of swamps and our problems — almost everything but the common cold. marshes of the In recognition of the innovative quality of our land use Lowcountry. achievements, we received a foundation grant in the late 1990s to support my travel around the country to speak about the League's work and the connection between conservation and regional and neighborhood planning. For us, compact, mixed-use development in the right location at the right scale was part of a larger vision for our region — a place that could prosper without sacrificing its environment and quality of life. In the last 25 years, we have written, published and presented hundreds of slide shows, editorials, columns, brochures and maps illustrating our regional vision. When we opened shop in 1989, South Carolina was losing rural land to sprawl at the rate of 400 acres a day. Our founding passion was to stop the bleeding and protect the threatened farms, forests, swamps and marshes of the Lowcountry. The first principle we embraced was the importance of containing urban areas in a greenbelt of protected land. Today more than one million acres of land are

All contents herein are copyright of the Coastal Conservation League. Reprinting is strictly prohibited without written consent.

Cover Photo — St. Thomas and St. Denis Church at Cainhoy, by Dana Beach



Dana Beach

25th Anniversary

protected by either conservation easements or public ownership. Another million acres have been stabilized by strong zoning and infrastructure restrictions. What, then, becomes of these lands and waters we’ve worked so diligently to protect? What animals and plants will they support and what will their economic uses be? In national forests and state wildlife areas and on large hunting properties, we promote the restoration of native ecosystems, especially the upland longleaf pine forests that once covered 90 million acres of the Southeastern coastal plain; but have now been reduced to fragments on less than 3 million acres. On the extensive and highly productive agricultural lands of the coast, our goal is to establish a local food system that can underpin the revival of rural communities and economies, and at the same time inspire stewardship and sustainable use of soil and water. Our efforts in this arena have revolved around regulatory reform, sustainable agriculture, and the creation of the state’s first local food hub, GrowFood Carolina. It is not enough to just constrain land conversion from the outside and restore natural forests and wetlands. It is also critically important to promote great development in those areas where development is appropriate. In part, this means advocating land use patterns that accommodate walking, bicycling and transit, along with driving. We have pushed to change the dominant paradigm of development from low density, single-use sprawl to traditional patterns of city building, where houses, offices, stores and parks are integrated into a harmonious whole, much like historic Georgetown, Charleston, Beaufort and other cities were designed before the advent of the automobile. We have undertaken this effort by promoting new zoning codes in coastal counties and municipalities, by supporting exemplary projects — such as I’On in Mt. Pleasant — by improving state and local planning policies, and by sponsoring dozens of educational programs around the Lowcountry explaining the virtues of traditional neighborhood design.

This is our physical, ecological and economic vision of the Lowcountry in broad-brush strokes. There is vastly more detail to be filled in on the issues of wildlife, water quality, public health and other related topics, which I will write about in the coming months. Meanwhile, I hope this first 25th anniversary installment helps frame the work we do, and the reasons we do it, in a way that makes it as comprehensible and persuasive to you as it is compelling and inspiring to us. Our vision is one of highly functional urban areas along with thriving small town and rural communities, embedded in a continuous "green belt" of protected land. Today more than one million acres of land are protected by either conservation easements or public ownership. Another million acres have been stabilized by strong zoning and infrastructure restrictions.

Core Land Use Principles of the Coastal Conservation League Q



The Lowcountry’s cities, towns, villages and crossroads should be imbedded in a protected greenbelt that defines the edges of settlement and protects the farms, forests, swamps and marshes that compose the rural landscape. Native ecosystems, such as longleaf pine forests, should be protected and restored throughout the rural landscape. Agriculture should serve as the foundation for the rural economy, supported by a local food system that provides farmers of all sizes access to the state’s thriving metropolitan economies. As an antidote to sprawl, development should be efficient, functional and inspiring, following traditional patterns where houses, offices, stores, parks and other land uses are integrated into a harmonious whole.



Water Supply

The Walther Potato Farm and the Edisto River When the well is dry, we know the worth of water – Benjamin Franklin, 1746 by Lisa Turansky, Director, Food and Agriculture Program

Because it is an agricultural operation, Walther Farms is not required to obtain a water withdrawal permit, unlike an industry or utility. When the Walther family began constructing an irrigation system on the site, local fishermen and boaters sounded the alarm that the operation represented a serious threat to the river.

by Tim Rogers and Bob Guild, filed suit against the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC, the water permitting agency) and Walther Farms. FRED’s goal was aimed at reducing the impacts of the withdrawal and protecting the river during dry periods when the water level is low. The debate raged in the press, capturing statewide attention. Historically, the Coastal Conservation League has not been involved with environmental issues as far up the Edisto River as Aiken, S.C.; but a large number of League members and supporters were alarmed over the proposed withdrawal. In addition, the Conservation League had led the five-year effort that culminated in the passage of the 2010 Surface Water Withdrawal Act. That legislative victory, combined with the public outcry and



Lisa Turansky


ater sustains all life. No community is exempt from the absolute necessity of a clean and ample water supply. In particular, water is a key determinant of food production and with fertile lands across the West drying up, the conversation about water is increasingly focused on conserving its supply. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change noted that the availability and quality of water will be a primary pressure on societies and the environment. If there was ever a case study in the changing conversation about water, it is the debate that surfaced last December over the Walther potato farm in Aiken County on the banks of the South Edisto River. This winter, in compliance with South Carolina law, Michigan-based Walther Farms registered to withdraw more than 6 billion gallons of water per year from the Edisto. Because it is an agricultural operation, Walther Farms is not required to obtain a water withdrawal permit, unlike an industry or utility. When the Walther family began constructing an irrigation system on the site, local fishermen and boaters sounded the alarm that the operation represented a serious threat to the river. Residents were understandably upset about potential damage from the large volume of water diversion. Friends of the Edisto River (FRED), represented

Jeremy Walther at the site of the irrigation pump.

importance of this magnificent river to South Carolinians, compelled us to action. The Walther family was advised by agricultural stakeholders, including the S.C. Department of Agriculture, to discuss potential impacts to the Edisto River with the Conservation League. Ducks Unlimited, which holds a 900-acre easement on part of the farm, offered

to make an introduction. On our first phone call with Jason Walther, the president of the company, we expressed our concerns about the river and asked that they adopt a plan to reduce their usage and protect the river during low flows. This phone call led to a second call and then a visit to the farm on January 7th, the day of a public meeting on the water withdrawal in Aiken. Conservation League staff conducted extensive research on the potential damage, and the technology that could mitigate its impact. We toured the entire operation, including hardwood cutting that had taken place on a second site. At the end of this five-hour visit, we asked the Walthers to make a number of modifications to the operation. Specifically, we asked for a plan to reduce their water usage during periods when the river was low and encouraged them to reduce their overall total withdrawal. We also requested that they eliminate river water withdrawal on the second site, using groundwater instead. Because the current flow gauge is some distance from the farm, we discussed installing an additional gauge. Furthermore, we urged them to stop the hardwood cutting, which was roughly half complete, and asked them to extend the Ducks Unlimited conservation easement to the rest of the property. With little delay, they agreed to all of these requests. The following Thursday, January 9th, League Executive Director Dana Beach spent the day with Tim Rogers, Bob Guild and Jason Walther discussing the proposal. Two weeks later, FRED agreed to the compromise and withdrew their lawsuit. As a result, the Walthers modified their DHEC withdrawal registration from 800 million gallons per month to 400 million gallons. They agreed to dig a well for use during periods of low flow on the first site and use only groundwater for the second site. They terminated the hardwood logging and agreed to move forward with expanding easements on the property. The Walthers also agreed to install a U.S. Geological Survey-certified flow gauge

Lisa Turansky

Water Supply

(l-r) Dana Beach, Tyler Stone and Jason Walther.

Conservation League staff conducted extensive research on the potential damage from the operation, and the technology that could mitigate its impact. We toured the entire operation, including hardwood cutting that had taken place on a second site. At the end of this five-hour visit, we asked the Walthers to make a number of modifications to the operation, all of which they agreed to do.

at the most appropriate site near the withdrawal. Lastly, they agreed to replant the disturbed buffer along the Edisto River with native vegetation. While a compromise between conservationists and agribusiness, as well as a willingness on the part of the landowner to resolve concerns, served to protect the Edisto River in this instance, water withdrawal issues are far from over. In response to the public outcry for stronger water laws, state Senator Chip Campsen and state Representative James Smith have introduced Senate (S-970) and House bills (H-4794 and H-4817) that require large agriculture operations to follow the permitting process that governs industrial operations. These bills, while well intentioned, do not remedy the water withdrawal concerns shared by the



conservation community statewide. Even if the Walthers had been subject to the permitting process under these new bills, they would have been required to do some, but not all, of the things they agreed to voluntarily in the settlement. We cannot take the Walthers’ good faith efforts for granted or expect that other large farm operations will be as responsive as the Walthers family. The challenge we face is to enact policies and programs that protect iconic rivers like the Edisto by fostering the same types of balanced, proactive and innovative practices that characterize the Walther Farm resolution.

Saving Cainhoy

For more than 50 years, ill-planned development has had devastating consequences for historic communities on the South Carolina coast. The recent “fast-tracking” of development on the Cainhoy peninsula is completely counter to the legacy of historic preservation that distinguishes Charleston. Numerous African-American communities comprised of descendants of slaves from the area’s plantations, as well as descendants of the Anglicans, Huguenots and Congregationalists who settled there in the 17th and 18th centuries, are standing in opposition to the development of the Harry F. Guggenheim family lands. Churches, cemeteries, local businesses, gathering places and historic roadways and footpaths are at risk of being reduced to descriptive subdivision names and street signs. If plans by the developers–facilitated by the City of Charleston–are realized, a living culture may become a mere footnote to history.


lthough the Cainhoy peninsula once seemed a world apart from the Charleston peninsula, it was never as isolated as the more remote barrier and sea islands of the South Carolina coast. Rural Cainhoy developed an economy and culture closely intertwined with that of the thriving port city to the south. White entrepreneurs and planters populated the peninsula alongside enslaved West Africans and free black landowners and artisans. Bound by the Cooper and Wando rivers and associated tributaries, Cainhoy became an early thoroughfare between inland enterprises and plantations, and the Port of Charleston. The Dover and Calais Ferry, Clement’s Ferry Road, Meeting Creek and Fogartie’s Landing are just a few of the site names that evoke the network of trade and travel that crisscrossed the historic peninsula. While the legacy of slavery, Reconstruction and Jim Crow kept the black and white communities relatively separate for more than two-anda-half centuries, a great deal of commerce and interdependency connected the two. According to historian Suzannah Smith Miles and others, the Cainhoy peninsula was a melting pot. St. Thomas Parish of Cainhoy notes in its 1728 Annals a population of 565 whites, 950 negroes, 60 Indian slaves and 20 free negroes. A surprising number of freemen owned property early on, including John Primus, who purchased 100 acres on the peninsula in 1712 and for whom the Jack Primus community is named. Likewise, the blended name of St. Thomas and St. Denis Church reflects the melding of the Anglican and Huguenot communities at Cainhoy, just as the Congregational Meeting House became Presbyterian and ultimately evolved into a Methodist church. Today, the Cainhoy Presbyterian/ Methodist Cemetery and Old Ruins Corporation cares for the old meeting house ruins and graveyard, which includes both white and black burial sites.

Dana Beach

A Grave Threat

The Other Historic Peninsula

View across Flagg Creek of the woodland buffers surrounding the BP chemical plant, opposite the Cainhoy peninsula.



Saving Cainhoy

Cainhoy Plantation

plantation “Cain Hoy” and transformed it into a timber operation and hunting retreat. Between 1946 and 1955, he purchased another 4,000 acres on Daniel Island where he established one of the nation’s largest Hereford cattle herds. Over the years, Guggenheim extended timely and generous philanthropy to the nearby AfricanAmerican communities, in addition to restoring the historic St. Thomas and St. Denis Church (pictured on the cover).

Natalie Olson

Francis Marion National Forest

Cainhoy Plantation Daniel Island

Daniel Island

In the Way


n 1971, Harry F. Guggenheim died and Cainhoy Plantation was transferred into three separate family corporations: 5,700 acres owned by Cain Hoy Land & Timber, LLC; 1,860 acres owned by Trust 1, LLC, and 1,573 acres owned by Tract 7, LLC. For the next two decades, the Cainhoy peninsula remained

“For good or bad we are all connected. Like Childsbury, Bonneau Ferry and Mepkin Abbey [all of which are permanently protected], Cainhoy Plantation has enormous historic, cultural and ecological wealth; and irreplaceable strategic value given its place in this immensely complex and intricate system that includes the Francis Marion National Forest and the Cooper and Wando rivers."

Nearby, lies historic Cainhoy Village where several buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including St. Peter’s AME Church, the Mary Lesesne House and the old Wando Post Office. A wide variety of industry and commerce fueled the Cainhoy economy, ranging from what is believed to be America’s earliest creamware pottery factory in the 18th century to a thriving moonshine trade in the 20th. The abundant clay found in the surrounding waterways also fed Carolina’s first brickyards, which began as small hand-press operations and quickly scaled up into steam-powered factories. After the Civil War, lumber and truck farming dominated. As workers

began commuting off the peninsula for better opportunities following World War II, transportation by water and road to Charleston remained a key factor in keeping the economy rolling. During the 1920s and 30s, the Guggenheim family of New York began buying up property in the South Carolina Lowcountry. The first purchase was made by Solomon Guggenheim in the 1920s — a 12,000-acre plantation near Walterboro, S.C. Not far away, along the Ashepoo River, Robert Guggenheim also bought a place. Then during the 1930s, Solomon’s nephew Harry Frank Guggenheim acquired 10,000 acres on the Cainhoy peninsula for use as a winter home. Harry F. Guggenheim named his C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E


Dana Beach

- Father Stanislaus Gumula

Mile marker 6 on the old Road to Calais that ran across Cainhoy Plantation to the Calais Ferry landing on Daniel Island.

Saving Cainhoy

Topographic map of Cainhoy Plantation showing the northern and southern sections of the property bisected by Clements Ferry Road. Note the plateau (reddish-brown) across the top half, where old-growth longleaf pine forest and endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers thrive.

primarily agricultural with scattered small businesses serving a mostly local population. Then in 1991, the City of Charleston pursued the annexation of Daniel Island and reached an agreement with the Guggenheim descendants. A series of subsequent annexations succeeded in bringing Cainhoy Plantation into Charleston as well. While the city agreed to provide sewer and water and other public amenities for Daniel Island, it pledged not to impose zoning restrictions that might protect Cainhoy. Fast on the heels of the annexations, the Mark Clark Expressway and Don Holt Bridge opened in 1992 across

Thomas and Daniel islands. An interchange soon followed that allowed traffic to flow north on Clements Ferry Road to Wando, Cainhoy and Huger, and south to Thomas and Daniel islands. Several years later, a second, separate exit opened onto Daniel Island. Excluding the interchanges, the City of Charleston poured more than $23 million into the Daniel Island development in the form of water and sewer systems, parks and buildings. The infusion of publicly funded infrastructure laid the groundwork for the sale of Daniel Island to the Daniel Island Company in 1997 and its subsequent development into a new, upscale island town. It also propelled



outside development along Clements Ferry Road, a first for the tight-knit community that lined the road corridor. Added pressure came in 1999, when the State Ports Authority launched an initiative to expand onto Daniel Island. The newly proposed “Global Gateway” promised to enlarge the Port of Charleston into a facility comparable to that of the Port of Los Angeles. The expansion — supported by the City of Charleston and the S.C. Chamber of Commerce — included a railroad line that ran directly through Thomas Island and the Jack Primus Community in order to reach the proposed Daniel Island terminal. Community leader and firefighter Fred Lincoln, together with his neighbors, formed a group called the Wando Concerned Citizens Committee to fight the new port and rail line. Soon, the Mt. Pleasant group Contain the Port joined in, along with the Coastal Conservation League. State Representative Arthur Ravenel and state Senators Glenn McConnell and the late Bill Mescher also rose to the defense of the community. After three long years, the unnecessary rail line and illconceived port expansion were defeated by an act of the S.C. Legislature.

“They say [development] is going to appreciate your property value so they are ready to put a commercial development next to these communities because, in their eyes, this will help you; but it doesn’t help us, it helps to force us off our property.”-Fred Lincoln

Saving Cainhoy Too Much Too Fast


eginning in the early 2000s, Fred Lincoln and his home community of Jack Primus, along with MaeRe Skinner and her neighbors at Cainhoy Village, fought one development threat after another. The City of Charleston was permitting development along the south end of the Cainhoy peninsula in piecemeal fashion due to little or no zoning. One such incompatible land use pushed by the city was a massive dirt mine, which Fred and MaeRe and other citizens defeated by suing in favor of zoning protection for the area. But not all battles were victorious. As Fred Lincoln explains to author Herb Frazier in his 2011 book, Behind God’s Back, most property owners want their land value to rise, but he says, “If you don’t plan to sell your ancestral property, you want your value to decrease because of tax concerns.” Developers don’t easily grasp that concept, according to Lincoln. “They say [development] is going to appreciate your property value so they are ready to put a commercial development next to these communities because, in their eyes, this will help you; but it doesn’t help us, it helps to force us off our property.” In 2013, the Berkeley County School District identified a site on the southern portion of the Guggenheims’ Cainhoy Plantation property for a new high school. The Guggenheims’ representatives and the City of Charleston claimed that fast-tracking a master development plan for both the southern and northern portions of Cainhoy Plantation was necessary to allow Berkeley County to move forward with the proposed school. In reality, Berkeley County could proceed with the purchase and development of school sites — including both a

high school and a middle school — without precipitating a hastily drawn development plan. In spite of that fact, the developers and the city are rushing approval of a plan for both the northern and southern portions of Cainhoy Plantation that would permit the construction of more than 18,000 residential units, covering most of the high ground on the property. Unfortunately, the 1990s annexation deal between the owners of Cainhoy Plantation and the City of Charleston allowed overly permissive zoning and negated meaningful public input. The Planning Commission’s scope of review was reduced to “comment and review of the relationship of the proposed uses to roads, buffers and adjacent properties . . . [with no] right to restrict the use or density of the property as a result of such review.” This amended process was unprecedented and gave the developers almost unlimited discretion while receiving millions of dollars worth of public subsidies and infrastructure. Worthy of Preservation


ooking at a map puts the Cainhoy peninsula in geographical and historic context. On its borders lie the historic Cooper and Wando rivers, Beresford and Flagg creeks, as well as the East Branch plantation district and the 250,000-acre Francis Marion National Forest. The peninsula’s rich history is intimately connected to these lands and waters. Family ties go back several generations. Many residents have lived here all their lives. Some who did leave for opportunity elsewhere are returning to family lands to enjoy a peaceful, rural quality of life. At the heart of the peninsula is 9,000-acre Cainhoy Plantation, an extraordinarily varied and rich tract.

Across the northern section stretches a broad plateau, some 40 feet in elevation, which harbors rare old-growth longleaf pine forest and 16 endangered redcockaded woodpecker colonies. Cainhoy is also part of the historic Cooper River Corridor, anchoring the southern end of the river just as Mepkin Abbey anchors the north.

“There is so much historic material both underground and above ground that has yet to be researched and documented. There is a lack of understanding on the part of the city and the developers as to what could be lost by proceeding too fast.” -Macky Hill

As Mepkin Abbot Stanislaus Gumula states, “For good or bad we are all connected. Like Childsbury, Bonneau Ferry and Mepkin Abbey [all of which are permanently protected], Cainhoy Plantation has enormous historic, cultural and ecological wealth; and irreplaceable strategic value given its place in this immensely complex and intricate system that includes the Francis Marion National Forest and the Cooper and Wando rivers.” Bisected by Clements Ferry Road, the plantation is believed to harbor a treasure trove of Native American archaeological sites, colonial roads and ferry landings, numerous historic houses and churches and cemeteries, as well as the remains of three centuries worth of human enterprise. Macky Hill, whose family owns nearby Middleburg Plantation on the East Branch of the Cooper River, has spent a lifetime studying and exploring the area while also serving as president of the CAWS (continued on page 22)



Clean Air

The Bosworth Group

Legal Update

Charleston Shore Power Now! by Katie Zimmerman – Air, Water and Public Health Program Director


his February was declared “Shore Power Now” Month by Charleston Communities for Cruise Control ( The month was used to highlight the mounting evidence showing that use of shore power at the proposed new cruise terminal in Charleston could protect the community from dangerous air pollution emitted from idling cruise ships. February started with the announcement from state Representatives Leon Stavrinakis (D-Charleston) and James Merrill (R-Charleston) that they have placed a line item in the state draft budget to set aside $5 million for shore power infrastructure at the new terminal. The month culminated in the passing of a Charleston City Council resolution supporting shore power at the cruise terminal “when needed.” The next step is to help our elected officials understand that “when needed” means now! Carnival Cruise Lines also announced this winter that it plans to retrofit several of its ships, including the Charlestonbased Fantasy, with scrubber technology so that the ship can continue to burn cheaper dirty fuel while attempting to reduce emissions. While scrubbers would reduce sulfur dioxide and some particulate pollution (compared to burning dirty fuel without scrubbers), shore power would reduce a greater share of the harmful pollutants. Moreover, scrubbers and shore power in combination would result in the ultimate protection of public health, especially when SCE&G switches from coal-fired power to a cleaner energy source as anticipated in 2019.

Corps of Engineers Federal Permit Challenge n a major victory last September, a U.S. District Court found that a federal Corps of Engineers permit issued for the proposed new cruise ship terminal was unlawful. The S.C. State Ports Authority (SPA) and the Corps then filed appeals. However, earlier this year, those parties withdrew their appeals in recognition that their legal challenges were unlikely to succeed. Now the Corps of Engineers must re-evaluate SPA’s request for a permit, looking at impacts of the entire project, not just the pilings to support construction.


Carnival Nuisance Lawsuit wo-and-a-half years after filing a lawsuit, the Coastal Conservation League, the Preservation Society of Charleston, the Historic Ansonborough Neighborhood Association, and the Charlestowne Neighborhood Association were told by the S.C. Supreme Court that they had no standing to bring nuisance claims against Carnival Corporation. While disappointing, this was a technical ruling that did not reflect on the merits of the case. Because it viewed the negative impacts of cruise operations as being widespread, the Court held that nuisance suits must be brought by individual property owners.


State Permit Challenge year after the Conservation League and its coalition partners filed a request in the state’s Administrative Law Court (ALC) for a hearing to challenge the state permit to install pilings in the critical area for the new cruise terminal, a trial date has been set for this June. The Administrative Law Judge recently issued several rulings that limit the ability of League attorneys to gather evidence in the case and properly prepare for trial. The League's attorneys intend to challenge that ruling as unlawful. In addition, attorneys from the South Carolina Environmental Law Project and the Southern Environmental Law Center representing the Conservation League recently requested that the ALC declare that inclusion of a cruise management plan as a permit condition be binding on the State Ports Authority. Among other things, the plan limits the number of cruise ships at the new terminal to 104 ship visits a year and requires a year-long consultation process with multiple parties before that number can change.




State House 2014

Smart energy for south carolina by Hamilton Davis, Director, Energy & Climate Program


olar energy had a banner year in 2013, growing its market in the United States by 41 percent. Our neighboring states enjoyed much of this growth, as North Carolina (#3) and Georgia (#7) ranked in the top ten nationally for installed solar capacity. South Carolina also saw its first utility-scale solar farm developed in Colleton County — a sign that the barriers to solar energy in our state are beginning to crumble. In addition, the Coastal Conservation League has ramped up efforts to bring South Carolinians increased access to solar energy. On the legislative and regulatory front, we are working to make solar power more available to citizens, which will lead to a cleaner environment and healthier economy for our state.

This single wind turbine blade was recently delivered to the Clemson wind turbine testing facility in North Charleston.

Statewide Coalition Collaborates on Solar Bill


he S.C. Energy Advisory Committee (EAC) recently completed a report on solar energy issues and opportunities in our state. The Conservation League is represented on this diverse committee, which also includes utility and manufacturing representatives. The study serves to highlight and explain many of the core issues surrounding the solar debate that is now underway around the country. As the cost of solar has dropped precipitously and utility rates have trended upward, the



opportunity for South Carolina home and business owners to invest in solar has become increasingly attractive from an economic perspective. Although solar presents certain long-term challenges to the traditional utility business model, near-term solar opportunities are abundant and imminently manageable. As noted in the EAC report’s executive summary, “How state policymakers structure the legal, regulatory, and economic environment will be critical in setting the stage for successful development and promotion of distributed generation in South Carolina.”

State House 2014 To that end, the League and our partners have been collaborating with utility and business interests on a comprehensive, consensus piece of solar legislation that was passed out of the Senate Judiciary Committee on April 1st (S.1189). The legislation would make solar leasing legal in South Carolina while enabling expanded utility investment in solar deployment. This legislation marks a significant step toward creating a viable and diverse solar market for our state. As a result, the new law will prompt increased use of solar energy and opportunity for customer savings on monthly power bills. It will also solve many of the marketplace limitations solar energy has faced in South Carolina that prevent residents from harnessing the power of the sun. Specifically the proposal will: Q



Duke Energy Solar Proposal


Raise the state limit on the size of commercial solar power systems — now capped at 100 kilowatts — to 1 megawatt; Increase the statewide limit of 2 percent for the aggregate amount of solar power eligible for net metering programs, And encourage utilities to increase the amount of solar power they use in their mix of energy sources.

he Conservation League, along with its partners at the Southern Environmental Law Center and the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, recently intervened in a docket before the S.C. Public Service Commission for approval of a new natural gas generating facility proposed by Duke Energy for upstate South Carolina. A key part of the League’s recommendations to the Commission was a requirement for Duke Energy to evaluate proposals from solar developers that could offset the cost of operating the proposed natural gas plant. As utility-scale solar has continued to decline in price, it has become increasingly competitive with traditional energy resources like coal and natural gas. The Conservation League proposal would create a mechanism by which Duke Energy could potentially mitigate the cost of operating the new natural gas plant if cheaper solar energy becomes available. The Public Service Commission is expected to issue an order on matter in the coming months.

Southeastern Solar Photovoltaic Capacity (Megawatts) 900 800 700 600 500


400 Installed

300 200 100 0






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Offshore Wind


n late December, the Conservation League organized a briefing before the S.C. Public Service Commission (PSC) focused on economic development opportunities in our state associated with the advancement of solar, offshore wind, and energy efficiency. Part of the briefing included a discussion on economic development opportunities related to offshore wind. The Conservation League has been providing guidance and feedback on proposed legislation that will enable greater utility investment in offshore wind research and development options. In addition, the League is working with the S.C. Energy Office and Clemson’s Strom Thurmond Institute to complete an offshore wind rate impact study designed to assess electricity rate impacts from a small-scale offshore wind demonstration project. Presenters at the PSC briefing included Lee Peterson, an attorney and advisor on solar energy from one of the nation’s largest accounting firms, CohnReznick. He focused his comments on national and regional trends related to solar energy. Also presenting was Brian O’Hara, President of the Southeastern Coastal Wind Coalition, who provided an overview of the growing offshore wind opportunities along the East Coast. In addition, Carol Werner, Executive Director of the Environmental and Energy Study Institute, discussed innovative financing options for energy efficiency that could drive local economic development while saving residents money on their electricity bills.

State House 2014 Ethics Reform in the Works


early a year after being passed by the House of Representatives, a comprehensive ethics reform bill was approved by the Senate in late February after weeks of debate. The legislation has been sent back to the House and is now awaiting concurrence on significant amendments. The stated goals of those advocating for ethics reform include tougher enforcement of ethics violations and the increased disclosure of financial dealings and potential conflicts of interest. The latest version of the legislation makes no significant progress or change in enforcement of violations from current law due to Senate amendments which have stripped the tougher enforcement provisions from the bill.

However, significant improvements have been made in regards to conflict of interest and disclosure. The "blackout window" prior to elections, a loophole which allows candidates to hide contribution sources until after the campaign, has been significantly narrowed. Leadership PACs have been abolished. The bill further provides for increased disclosure of the sources of legislators' income and increased disclosure of conflicts of interest that legislators' business relationships may create. The ethics bill also makes some reforms with regard to lobbyists. The period of time that former legislators must wait after leaving public office to lobby has increased from one to two years.

Finally, the bill eliminates the ambiguous "consultant" moniker for individuals who are engaged in lobbying activities, but have not registered as lobbyists with the Ethics Commission. The bill as passed by the Senate, was returned to the House several weeks ago. Rather than take up the bill for concurrence or nonconcurrence, the House reassigned the bill to an ad hoc subcommittee for further discussion in light of the significant changes made in the Senate. That subcommittee met for the first time on April 3rd, and has already removed several sections added by the Senate. Work will continue through the spring.

Full Funding for Conservation Bank


Dana Beach

n March 11th of this year, the S.C. Conservation Bank’s budget request to receive full operational funding for FY 20142015 was overwhelmingly approved by the House of Representatives in a vote of 101 to 9. Additionally on March 26th, the Senate Finance Natural Resources and Economic Development Subcommittee unanimously voted to approve the agency’s funding request. The Senate Finance Committee is now poised to consider the appropriations bill in the coming weeks. The Conservation Bank is expected to receive about $10 million under its statutory funding formula. The Coastal Conservation League and its partners will continue to work to retain full funding of the Conservation Bank and to prevent any efforts to divert monies from this highly successful public agency. Since its inception in 2002, the Conservation Bank has leveraged $102.9 million dollars to permanently protect a total of just under 200,000 acres of significant lands and historic sites across the State of South Carolina, at an average cost of $540 per acre. C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E


For the Future

Leaving a


by Shannyn Smith, Foundation and Major Gifts Officer


n 2014, the Coastal Conservation League celebrates 25 years of conservation success. As a result of the work of the League’s dedicated staff, loyal members and outstanding partner organizations, more than one million acres of the coastal plain have been permanently protected, benefiting South Carolina residents and visitors alike. This achievement is just one of many that comprises the League’s time-tested track record of hard work and innovative partnerships. We plan to continue this same diligence and dedication as we build upon our accomplishments for the next quarter-century and beyond. Please join us in creating a legacy for future generations of the Lowcountry. By naming the Coastal Conservation League in your estate plans, you can support the long-term financial strength of the League and its conservation programs. Two of the simplest legacy gifts include a bequest through your will or trust; or a beneficiary designation of your retirement plan, life insurance policy, bank account, brokerage account or certificates of deposit. Designating the Conservation League as a primary or contingent beneficiary is easy to do and normally only involves the completion of a form.

Types of bequests that can be designated in your will or trust include the following:

Q Specific Bequest: You may designate a specific dollar amount or a particular asset (e.g., artwork, collectibles or real estate) to the Conservation League. Q Residuary Bequest: You may designate that the Conservation League receive all or a portion of the remainder of your estate. Q Contingent Bequest: In the event that your primary beneficiary or beneficiaries do not survive you, it is a good idea to provide a contingent designation.

The benefits of revocable planned gifts such as these are that you can make changes at any time, provide estate tax savings and charitable estate tax deductions, and create a legacy that reflects your values. If you wish to make a legacy gift to the Coastal Conservation League, please contact Shannyn Smith, Foundation and Major Gifts Officer, at 843-725-2058 or for more information. We deeply appreciate your support over the last 25 years. Making a long-term gift — such as those outlined above — shows commitment beyond measure. We would love to add your name to the Coastal Legacy Society roster and welcome your inquiries.

Thank You!



Donor Spotlight

Q&A with Beth and Gene Grace of Beaufort  Interview conducted by Danner Friedman, Membership Director

QQ What do you love about the Lowcountry? QA We love that our region is still so free and open, and in so many ways, similar to how it has been over the past 200 years. There are many places to visit, to enjoy the outdoors, and to hunt, bird, walk and fish. Out on our farm, which is part of the old Fuller Plantation, we can see the exact settings that Mr. Fuller himself saw well over a century ago – no telephone lines and vast, endless marshes and creeks. The peace and serenity of the Lowcountry is still available to all. QQ Having donated to the Coastal Conservation League for 20 consecutive years, what first inspired you to give to the organization? QA In the early 1990s Beth was involved with the Beaufort County Council working on critical development issues and the first master plan. The Coastal Conservation League came down to Beaufort and was an incredible resource for knowledgeable decision-making. The fact that Dana Beach was willing to jump in and help right away meant a lot to us. At first, many locals were not happy with our decisions; but over time, more and more people have come up to us and thanked us for our work in keeping rural lands rural in Beaufort County. The master plan was difficult to ameliorate all interests, but we set a precedent for good stewardship that remains intact. QQ What appeals to you most about the work of the Conservation League? QA We are all busy and therefore cannot keep up with the many issues that the Lowcountry faces, but the Conservation League always has, and we know, always will. While we don’t agree with every issue the organization takes a stand on, their track record over 25 years

At home along the Beaufort River – (l-r) Ashley Hefner and Dr. Katherine Grace Hefner and their three children; Dr. Gene Grace and his wife, Beth, and their granddaughter; Dr. Heath Simmons and Chilton Grace Simmons and their children. has proven to be incredibly successful and we look at their long-term impact. Additionally, the League is excellent at educating the public on conservation issues that we face in the Lowcountry. It is the only group doing so to such a high degree and in such broad terms.

QQ What are the environmental issues that concern you? QA Our main interest is water quality and maintaining the cleanliness and productivity of our rivers and wetlands in Beaufort County. The estuaries are the nurseries of the rivers and oceans. Smart, responsible planning is critical to protecting the health of the waterways that define the Lowcountry. As we have seen in the past and can see with the zoning in coastal areas, dense development along rivers, marshes and wetlands can lead to a variety of ecological issues.

QQ How does your interest in hunting inform you as a conservationist? QA Hunting keeps us connected to the land, and spending time outdoors encourages us to protect these rural and beautiful places in the Lowcountry. We C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E


find it a great way for our family to spend time together and teach our six grandchildren, who all live in Beaufort, about wildlife, farming, and hunting as a pastime. No matter whether you hunt, fish, bird, or whatever your interests, there is no greater sense of community than passing along to future generations the values of good stewardship.

QQ What do you hope for the future of the Lowcountry? QA We want to maintain and improve what makes the Lowcountry such a special place. With the influx of people moving to the South Carolina coast, we need to continue to promote responsible development that preserves our unique quality of life. We are thankful to the Coastal Conservation League for guarding the integrity of the Lowcountry for 25 years, and thus are able to look forward to the next 25. The Conservation League works for good stewardship values throughout the region, but their influence is really statewide; and for this, we are thankful.

Members' Corner

CCL Events Journey of the Universe The Conservation League, Sophia Institute and College of Charleston welcomed executive producers Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim to Charleston for a viewing of the Emmy award-winning documentary Journey of the Universe: An Epic Story of Cosmic, Earth, and Human Transformation. If you were not able to join us for this event, check out more about the documentary online:

Jim Pfitzer portrays Aldo Leopold at a performance sponsored by the Conservation League and the College of Charleston.

Aldo Leopold on Stage The Conservation League and College of Charleston Philosophy Department sponsored a performance of Aldo Leopold: A Standard of Change — a oneman, one-act play, written by (and starring) storyteller Jim Pfitzer. Set one evening in and around the famous Wisconsin shack that inspired much of Aldo Leopold’s writing, A Standard of Change explores the influences and challenges that led to Leopold penning his landmark book A Sand County Almanac. If you missed this performance, be sure to check out more information online:

Mary Evelyn Tucker

Looking Back: Some Highlights of CCL’s First Decade the Forest Service to restore native ecosystems in the Francis Marion National Forest. 1989 CCL opens its first office on King Street in Charleston with a staff of three. 1989 In response to Hurricane Hugo, CCL begins successful campaign to persuade

1990 CCL sponsors first Coastal Land Use Planning Conference in the history of South Carolina, featuring nationally renowned land planners Randall Arendt and Henry Richmond.

1990 CCL begins assisting the ACE Basin Task Force with land use, regulatory and road policy issues impacting the ACE.

1991 CCL hosts land use conference in Charleston featuring New Urbanism founder Andres Duany.

1990 CCL nominates Cape Romain and surrounding waters for Outstanding Resource Waters classification, the highest standard of protection available.

1992 CCL establishes Sea Island Preservation project with the Penn Center, educating sea island leaders on land use and compatible economic development.



1993 CCL teams up with local residents to stop a highway bridge and resort development slated for Sandy Island, resulting in the permanent protection of the island five years later. 1993 CCL and SCELP begin the fight to halt a 400-slip Andell Lock Harbor Marina between Kiawah and Seabrook Islands, culminating in

Members' Corner Thank You! New Heavens, New Earth

Mark Your Calendar

QWednesday, April 30th — Peak of the Season GrowFood Party A benefit for GrowFood Carolina

Father Jeffrey Kendall’s book launch of New Heavens, New Earth was an inspiration to all in attendance. The book tells the story of how Colleton County residents came together to block a coal ash dump from being built in their community. Father Kendall uses the struggle to explore the larger questions of energy and man’s relationship to the earth. We extend a special thank you to Bishop Gugliemone for hosting this wonderful event.

Join us at the warehouse to celebrate the Peak of the Season with local farmers, food, music and libations. Support GrowFood Carolina in their goal of connecting local farms to local markets and creating a thriving local food system! Dress to be outside. 5:30pm-8:30pm, 990 Morrison Drive, Charleston SC 29403. To purchase tickets, please go to:

QSaturday, May 3rd — Oakbrook Ashley Riverfest. A celebration of community, history, conservation and community. Stop by the CCL and Growfood Carolina table! For more information check out:

QTuesday, May 6th — Lift the Lowcountry: A Day of Community Giving. GrowFood Carolina and more than 100 nonprofits in the Lowcountry will be part of a national day of online giving. Through the generosity of a local donor, each gift made on that day will be amplified through matching funds. For more information, visit and stay tuned for more to come.

QWednesday, May 7th — Common Agenda Lobby Day at the State House in Columbia. QThursday, June 12th — Membership Outing

Celebrating the publication of New Heavens, New Earth at the residence of Bishop Gugliemone in downtown Charleston.

Join us for an evening paddle to Crab Bank Seabird Sanctuary in Charleston Harbor. Felicia Sanders of DNR and our friends at Coastal Expeditions will be guiding this excursion. Reserve your spot today! Contact Bea Girndt at or 843-725-2062.

Stay in touch with us on Facebook! Visit us at: https://www.facebook. com/CoastalConservationLeague

1997 with the invalidation of the permit and abandonment of the project by the developer. 1994 CCL opens South Coast office in Beaufort. 1995 CCL partners with Horry and Georgetown County residents to oppose ill-conceived routes for Carolina Bays Parkway and 701 Connector.

1995 CCL leads opposition to amendments intended to weaken the federal Clean Water Act and Endangered Species Act. 1996 CCL convinces the SC General Assembly to enact the nation’s strongest factory hog operations law.

agencies, DOT establishes a Wetlands Mitigation Fund. 1997 CCL launches Charleston Greenbelt Campaign. 1997 CCL assists in the establishment of the Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge.

1998 Beaufort County passes Comprehensive Plan shaped and supported by CCL. 1998 Time for Kids names Dana Beach “Hero for the Planet.” 1999 Beaufort County launches state's first county land bank, designed and supported by CCL.

1996 At the urging of CCL and state resource C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E


1999 Charleston County passes Comprehensive Plan, the strongest ever in S.C., with technical and political support from CCL. 1999 CCL works with legislators to successfully restore stronger water quality standards for state's rivers, creeks, estuaries and lakes.

Members' Corner GrowFood Dines with the Lee Brothers

Conservation League staffers (l-r) Bea Girndt, Lisa Turansky, Danner Friedman and Shannyn Smith

Chef Ted Lee signs a copy of The Lee Bros new cookbook for Ben Williams of Millgrove Farms.

GrowFood supporters (l-r) Susie O’Brien, Hartley Cooper and Francie Downing.

Chef Ted Lee talks with farmers Joanna and Jimmy Livingston of Wabi Sabi Farms.

(l-r) CCL board member David Westerlund and his wife Ann with Steve and Sheri Wenger.

The Lee Brothers conceived of a spectacular menu for GrowFood supporters at a "Thank You" dinner this winter.



Members' Corner Live Oak Society Lunches at Willtown Bluff

Jennifer Davis and Charles Lane.

(l-r) John Rashford, Grace Rashford and Tina Allen.

(l-r) Pug Ravenel, Steve Dopp, Wendy Dopp and Croft Lane.

(l-r) Margaret Blackmer, Laura Vanderwerker and Greg Vanderwerker.

(l-r) Verner Daniel, Charles Lane and Steve Gates.

(l-r) Dick Schmaltz, Sara Clow and Steve Zoukis.

Steve Dopp and Jeffrey Schutz.



Good Food Strengthening Local Food and Farm Policy


e are in the midst of a tasty local food GREENVILLE/ revolution. Local farmers are growing more SPARTANBURG food to be sold in convenient locations across the Lowcountry, thanks to GrowFood Carolina and the Coastal Conservation League’s Sustainable Agriculture Program. The Conservation League is working to expand GrowFood Carolina’s success by working closely with stakeholders to implement the recommendations in the statewide strategic plan entitled Making Small Farms Big COLUMBIA Business. In this report, Ken Meter from Crossroads Resource Center outlines an agenda for building the local food economy across South Carolina by launching food hubs in targeted cities, using GrowFood Carolina as a model, and supporting nodes of farmers aggregating products in key locations to serve the hubs (see map). The study also points to the need for implementing marketing and policy CHARLESTON initiatives that coordinate and strengthen local food and farm efforts. The Conservation League is dedicating time to help leverage GrowFood Carolina’s success to assist nascent food hubs in the Upstate as well as in the Pee Dee region, while also paying close attention to supporting the local farms that serve those hubs. BEAUFORT GrowFood and League staff met with the S.C. House of Representatives Rural Caucus in late February to deliver an enthusiastically received report on the importance of investing in local agriculture.



Connecting with Williamsburg, Florence, Jasper and Upstate Farmers


o support emerging food nodes, the Conservation League and GrowFood Carolina have been coordinating local farmers in targeted locations across the rural landscape for evenings of education, collaboration and networking. Beginning in Jasper County and extending through the Pee Dee up to Florence, the meetings have been tremendously successful in connecting local farmers to resources that allow them to focus more on growing delicious fresh local food. The outreach meetings have created a healthy link between specialty growers and local buyers, allowing steadily increasing revenues to flow back to farmers and the rural communities in which they reside. Word of the program’s success has spread. Consequently, the Conservation League has been asked to assist with conducting similar meetings in the Upstate beginning in late April. The outreach series was made possible by the South Carolina Department of Agriculture and the Specialty Crop Block Grant. The Rural Resource Coalition S.C. and the

Jack Shuler, president of the Palmetto Agribusiness Council, speaks to the farming community in Kingstree, S.C.

S.C. Wildlife Federation have worked with the League to promote the outreach meetings. Supporting the farming community is some of the most important work we can do to expand local food availability.



Volunteer Spotlight Donor Spotlight

Q&A with Cara Lauria of the College of Charleston  Interview conducted by Bea Girndt, Events Manager

deeper into the sciences and humanities, I further understood the relationship between humans and nature and our ecological role on earth. The cool thing about environmental studies is the mix of all academic disciplines which lead to a passion, motivation, and obligation to do all I can to reduce the adverse impact humanity is leaving on the planet. One way to do this is through engagement with the local organizations and clubs that are working toward similar goals.

QQ Why do you find it important for QQ What Clubs at College of Charleston (CofC) and/or organizations in town are you involved with?

QA I am an executive board member of Green CofC, the college's sustainability club where I co-lead a movement called Reinvest CofC, which campaigns for CofC to adapt socially responsible investing strategies. I also intern with CofC's Office of Sustainability and assist managing the College's Bike Share program, and the Charleston Lunz Group Sierra Club, to increase collaboration between the Sierra Club and CofC students. I also enjoy volunteering with GrowFood Carolina and the Coastal Conservation League when time allows.

QQ What motivates you to get involved with these groups?

QA I was first motivated to get involved through an environmental philosophy class, in which I was exposed to the moral obligations we have to current and future generations to leave the earth in an equally habitable state as we have inherited it. After going

your generation to get involved in the community and raise awareness about environmental issues and act on a local level? Do you find it fun and easy to get involved? Would you encourage others to get involved?

QA It is necessary for our generation to be involved in our local communities because many environmental issues seem to stem from a lack of community engagement. When we are not active in our communities we aren't fulfilling our role as citizens and we aren't connecting with our local environments. We are becoming increasingly detached from not only the natural world around us, but our communities as well. This community and ecological detachment causes adverse relationships with the environment. Luckily, it is so easy to get involved in Charleston; there is so much going on. I have found that one of the easiest ways to get involved is through on-campus activities, as those have led me to offcampus organizations and movements. I would encourage anyone who is even mildly interested in something to do a little research and see what kind of things are being done on campus and locally that address their interests.



QQ What are the environmental issues in the Lowcountry that most concern you?

QA Food security is a global issue but can be addressed through local initiatives. Our unsustainable food systems are an underlying source of many environmental problems: climate change and its many implications, water resource issues, pollution, over-development, etc. Many people don't know where their food comes from; this detachment promotes a lack of transparency in how food is grown and brought to our plates, which then allows environmentally degrading methods to be used. Fortunately, there are many organizations throughout Charleston that work to promote sustainable food systems and agriculture. I plan to continue working and studying the local food movement and food security issues in Charleston with these groups.

QQ What do you love about the Lowcountry?

QA Warm weather, pluff mud, pine trees, CofC and friendly people.

QQ What do you enjoy about volunteering for the Conservation League?

QA I love that the League is a holistic and interdisciplinary organization; they understand the need for wilderness conservation as well as rural/agricultural conservation. They utilize all ideas and components of sustainability to promote their cause. I also love how they encourage and value all members of the community, even idealistic students!

In House Ceara Donnelley Joins Conservation League Board


e welcome Ceara Donnelley to the board of the Coastal Conservation League. Ceara graduated summa cum laude from Yale with a BA in History and received her JD from Yale Law School. She practiced corporate law at Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett, LLP in New York City and also worked for the Brennan Center for Justice and the Clinton Foundation. Though a native and devoted New Yorker, Ceara recently moved to the Lowcountry with her husband, Nate Berry, and two young children, lured by the natural beauty of the region’s landscapes and the growing vibrancy of downtown Charleston. Ceara sits on the board of the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation, which supports land

conservation and artistic vitality in Chicago and Lowcountry South Carolina. She also serves on the board of the Center for Humans and Nature (CHN), a not-for-profit ideas organization founded by her late father, philosopher and ethicist Strachan Donnelley. Since its founding, CHN’s mission has been to explore and promote human responsibilities in relation to nature. Under Ceara’s stewardship as vice chair and strategic counsel, CHN has taken that mission digital, launching www.humansandnature. org and Questions for a Resilient Future, a web-based series that seeks to challenge assumptions about nature and humanity’s place within it. In her work with CHN, Ceara is focused as

much on asking the big questions as she is on ensuring that any interested and concerned citizen has the tools and resources to answer them for him or herself.

...Continued (Cainhoy, continued from page 9) (Cooper, Ashley, Wando and Stono rivers) Basin Focus Area. He considers the Cainhoy peninsula one of the most intact communities of land and people left in the Lowcountry. “It was populated very early on and for centuries has remained relatively undisturbed,” Hill says. Regarding the Guggenheims’ Cainhoy Plantation, “there is so much historic material both underground and above ground that has yet to be researched and documented. There is a lack of understanding on the part of the city and the developers as to what could be lost by proceeding too fast.” Recently, Cainhoy’s neighbor to the northwest, the BP-Amoco chemical

plant, has registered its opposition to the Cainhoy development. BP argues that the proposal does not take into account its proximity to the plant and the danger of locating a dense concentration of houses so close to BP’s smokestacks across Flagg Creek. In addition, BP’s program of controlled pine forest burning, essential to managing the woodland buffers that surround the plant, could be curtailed by the presence of residential development on its borders. The same issue exists with the management of the national forest next door. As the Post and Courier stated in one of its many editorials opposing the proposed development of Cainhoy,



“The size and scope of this project are unprecedented and require a full public dialogue before advancing further. The project would ultimately be the size of a small city. It should be handled with extreme care, and its irreplaceable historic, cultural and natural assets should be protected. The fast track that it is taking precludes that from happening. Cainhoy Plantation needs to be pulled from city agendas until the public has had ample opportunity to study it, voice their opinions and hear back from the landowners.”

Thank You! LIVE OAK SOCIETY Contributions Received from March 1, 2013 - February 28, 2014

The Coastal Conservation League works very hard to ensure that all donor names are listed correctly; however, occasional mistakes do occur. Please contact Database Manager Nora Kravec at (843) 725-2057 with any questions or corrections.

Anonymous (3) Anonymous, Coastal Community Foundation Penny and Bill Agnew GF Mr. David Anderson GF The Ceara Donnelley And Nathan Berry Fund of the Chicago Community Foundation BlueCross BlueShield of South Carolina Foundation GF Frances P. Bunnelle Foundation GF Butler Conservation Fund, Inc. Charlotte Caldwell and Jeffrey Schutz GF Ceres Foundation, Inc GF The Chicago Community Foundation Coastal Community Foundation of South Carolina GF Community Foundation Serving Richmond and Central Virginia GF Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cooper III GF Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation GF Strachan Donnelley Family Charitable Lead Unitrust Mr. and Mrs. John O. Downing GF Dr. Paula Feldman and Mr. Peter Mugglestone GF The Festoon Foundation, Inc. Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Foundation for the Carolinas Nancy and Larry Fuller Mr. Steve Gavel GF Mr. Joseph H. Gleberman Goldman Sachs Gives The Grantham Foundation William and Mary Greve Foundation Mr. Hank Holliday The Rev. Alanson Houghton Peter R. and Cynthia K. Kellogg Foundation GF Mr. and Mrs. Peter R. Kellogg GF Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Lane Mr. and Mrs. Hugh C. Lane, Jr. Mills Bee Lane Foundation Mr. T. Cartter Lupton II GF Dr. and Mrs. G. Alex Marsh III The Meadows Charitable Trust Merck Family Fund Mertz Gilmore Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank III Mr. and Mrs. Edward Miller Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Ms. Justine J. Nathan National Foundation for Philanthropy GF Pathfinder Foundation, Inc. GF Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr. Artie and Lee Richards Dr. and Mrs. Steven C. Rockefeller Mr. and Mrs. Richard R. Schmaltz GF Libby Smith GF Fred and Alice Stanback, Jr.

Stony Point Foundation Daniel K. Thorne Foundation, Inc. Mr. Daniel K. Thorne Tides Foundation Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation Turner Foundation, Inc. Jane Smith Turner Foundation GF Mr. and Mrs. James C. Vardell III WestWind Foundation Yawkey Foundation Stephen and Suzan Zoukis GF

$5,000-$9,999 Anonymous (3) AMG Charitable Gift Foundation GF John and Jane Beach Mr. J. Anderson Berly III Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Chitty The Colbert Family Fund of the Coastal Community Foundation Community Foundation of the Lowcountry, Inc. GF Mr. and Mrs. Ashley Cooper GF Mr. and Mrs. John Crawford Mr. and Mrs. P. Steven Dopp Mr. and Mrs. Martin G. Dudley Mr. and Mrs. Berry Edwards GF Laura and Steve Gates Mr. and Mrs. S. Parker Gilbert Katharine and Winslow Hastie GF Linda Ketner Mr. and Mrs. John E. Masaschi Mrs. Frank McClain Mr. and Mrs. W. Wallace McDowell, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James R. McNab, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Mitchell, Jr. Mr. Arnold Nemirow Susie O'Brien GF Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. Parks Mr. and Mrs. James H. Rion, Jr. Gillian and Peter Roy GF Mr. and Mrs. Klaus Said Drs. Ryan and Erin Smith Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Stevens Mr. and Mrs. T. Paul Strickler Ms. Bailey W. Symington GF USDA - Rural Development Business Enterprise Grant GF Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Mrs. Douglas C. Walker Mr. and Mrs. David A. Westerlund GF Joe and Terry Williams Henry and Sylvia Yaschik Foundation, Inc. GF

$2,000-$4,999 Anonymous (2) Anson Restaurant Mr. and Mrs. William Applegate IV Ashford Advisors LLC Mr. and Mrs. William R. Barrett, Jr.

Virginia and Dana Beach GF Benwood Foundation, Inc. GF Henry M. Blackmer Foundation, Inc. GF Ms. Margaret N. Blackmer GF Ms. Margaret P. Blackmer GF Bailey Bolen and Carol Ervin GF Dan and Merrie Boone Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Daniel W. Boone III Ms. Margaret F. Bridgforth GF Circular Congregational Church Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Coen Community Foundation of Greater Chattanooga, Inc. Les Dames d'Escoffier International, Charleston Chapter GF Michael and Megan Desrosiers GF Ms. Carol B. Ervin GF Mr. and Mrs. J. Henry Fair, Jr. James L. Ferguson Mr. Robert W. Foster, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Richard Garbee Ms. Mary Louise Graff Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Hagerty Half-Moon Outfitters GF Mr. J. Drayton Hastie GF Mr. and Mrs. Matthew B. Hastings GF Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Hawkins James and Margaret Hoffman Holly H. Hook and Dennis A. Glaves Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Ilderton Mr. and Mrs. John Philip Kassebaum Bob and Jackie Lane Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Leath, Jr. Charlie and Sally Lee Lasca and Richard Lilly Dr. Suzanne Lindsay and Mr. Bruce Lindsay Mr. Lorcan Lucey Magnolia Plantation Foundation GF Jean Elliott Manning Mr. and Mrs. Charles K. Marshall Dr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Mather Mr. and Mrs. Franklin McCann Mr. and Mrs. Francis X. McCann Mrs. John L. McCormick Mr. and Mrs. Clay McCullough Mr. and Mrs. James O. Mills Mr. and Mrs. Beezer Molten GF Mr. and Mrs. Alan A. Moses The New York Community Trust The Osprey Foundation Mr. Guy Paschal Mr. and Mrs. David Paynter Susan Pearlstine GF Dr. Fred Pittman Mrs. Joan C. Pittman Joan Pittman Fund of Coastal Community Foundation of SC Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost The Prudential Foundation Matching Gifts Quinn Family Charitable GF Mr. and Mrs. Brooks Quinn GF



Mr. and Mrs. Charles D. Ravenel Price R. and Flora A. Reid Foundation Renaissance Charitable Foundation, Inc. Grace Jones Richardson Trust David W. and Susan G. Robinson Foundation Margot and Boykin Rose Dr. H. Del Schutte, Jr. Schwab Charitable Fund Mrs. Anne Rivers Siddons and Mr. Heyward Siddons Mr. David Siddons Mr. and Mrs. Martin G. Skelly GF Kaye S. Smith GF Ms. Martha Jane Soltow South Carolina State Ports Authority GF William and Shanna Sullivan Jan, Susan and Karen Suwinski Mr. and Mrs. Jacques S. Theriot GF Mr. John Thompson and Ms. Julia Forster GF Gary and Mary Beth Thornhill Susan and Trenholm Walker GF Dr. Robert Ellis Welch, Jr. Winfield Foundation Dr. Louis Wright and Ms. Patricia Giddens GF Mr. and Mrs. Stephen J. Ziff GF

$1,000-$1,999 Anonymous Mr. and Mrs. Johnston Adams Ms. Carrie Agnew Mr. J. Marshall Allen Mr. and Mrs. Richard Almeida Drs. T. Brantley and Penny Arnau Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr. Mrs. Katrina Becker Blackwater, LLC Mr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Blagden, Jr. Dr. Eloise Bradham and Dr. Mark George Mr. and Mrs. John Burbage GF Mr. and Mrs. Robert Burt Dr. and Mrs. Robert W. Cain GF Leigh Mary W. Carter Foundation Drs. John and Ruth Carter Mr. and Mrs. Leigh Carter The Cecil Family Mr. and Mrs. Arnold B. Chace, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Childs The Coca-Cola Company Matching Gifts Program The Community Foundation of Western North Carolina Mr. and Mrs. John J. Cooney Mr. and Mrs. Edward Crawford Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey A. Croft Dr. and Mrs. Richard L. Cross Dr. and Mrs. William F. Crosswell Mr. and Mrs. Colin Cuskley Mr. and Mrs. Michael F. Daly

Live Oak Society


GF = also a Growfood Carolina Donor

Thank You!

Live Oak Society

Ms. Connie Darden-Young and Mr. Jesse Colin Young Mr. F. Reed Dulany, Jr. Ms. Margaret D. Fabri Mr. David Farren Mrs. Harriott H. Faucette Mr. H. McDonald Felder Mr. and Mrs. Peter Feldman Mrs. Nancy B. Fetter Mr. and Mrs. Ted Fienning GF Dr. and Mrs. Philip A. Finley Mr. and Mrs. H. Charles Ford Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence T. Foster Mr. and Mrs. Walter L. Foulke Francis Marion Hotel LP Dorothea and Peter Frank The Freddie Mac Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Freeman Mr. and Mrs. Dave Gabriel Mrs. E. Stack Gately Drs. Andrew Geer and Susan Moore Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer Mr. and Mrs. George W. Gephart, Jr. Google Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Hale Mr. and Mrs. Ed Harley Mr. and Mrs. Robert K. Higgins, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. R. Glenn Hilliard Mr. William L. Hiott, Jr. Mr. J. W. F. Holliday Holly Houghton and David Walker Mr. and Mrs. David C. House Mr. and Mrs. John Huey, Jr. Mr. Richard W. Hutson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Orton P. Jackson III Ms. Anne F. Jennings Ms. Holly R. Jensen Mr. and Mrs. George P. Johnston Ms. Jill Kammermeyer and Mr. Robert Hochstetler Dr. William Kee and Dr. Franklin Lee Mr. and Mrs. James E. Kistler Scott and Gayle Lane Mr. David Lansbury GF Dr. Diane D. Lauritsen Mr. and Mrs. Clarence W. Legerton III Mr. and Mrs. Craig Leister GF Kathie Livingston Mrs. Patti Manigault Mike and JoAnne Marcell Market Street Trust Company Dr. John Mattheis Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm McAlpin Mr. and Mrs. George McCoy Ms. Jamie Young McCulloch Mrs. Harriet P. McDougal Mr. and Mrs. Barclay McFadden III John F. & Susan B. McNamara Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Ms. Georgia Meagher Ms. Martha Morgan Russell E. and Elizabeth W. Morgan Foundation Ms. Elizabeth F. Orser Palmetto Brewing of Charleston LLC GF Charles and Celeste Patrick GF Dr. Leslie H. Pelzer The Pittsburgh Foundation Plantation Services, Inc. Ms. Cynthia Swanson Powell The T. Rowe Price Program for Charitable Giving Mr. and Mrs. Gary P. Quigley Dr. George Rabb Mr. Richard Rainaldi and

Mr. and Mrs. David A. Creech Nancy and Steve Cregg Mr. and Mrs. Charles T. Cumbaa Jane Tucker Dana and David D. Aufhauser Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth P. Daniels Mr. R. Gordon Darby Mrs. Emily Darnell-Nunez Mrs. Palmer Davenport Ms. Jennifer Davis GF Mr. Chris Davis Mr. and Mrs. Emmett I. Davis, Jr. Mr. and Mrs F. Garey De Angelis Curtis and Arianna Derrick Mr. Christopher DeScherer and Ms. Amanda Honeycutt Ms. Ann W. Dibble Mr. and Mrs. Peter B. Dodds Mr. and Mrs. Howard D. Edwards Mr. D. Reid Ellis Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Ellison II Mrs. Catherine M. Englehardt Mr. Mark Essig and Mrs. Martha Craft-Essig Mark and Kay Ethridge Ms. Nina M. Fair Ms. Juliana Falk Mr. and Mrs. Michael J. Feldmann Mary Fleming Finlay Dr. Sandra L. Fowler Mr. and Mrs. Harold F. Gallivan III Mr. and Mrs. George R. Geer, Jr. Dr. Annette G. Godow Mary Jane Gorman Dr. and Ms. Gene W. Grace Dr. Timothy K. Gray Dr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Greenberg Mr. and Mrs. D. Maybank Hagood GF Dr. Angela Halfacre Ms. Mary E. S. Hanahan Hank's Seafood GF Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Happe Bill and Eleanor Hare Dr. Kit M. Hargrove Ms. Katharine M. Hartley Ms. Sherrerd Hartness Whitney and Elizabeth Hatch Mr. and Mrs. Oliver R. Head, Jr. Mr. William J. Hennessy, Jr. Mr. Fred B. Herrmann Mr. Edwin Hettinger and Ms. Beverly Diamond Ms. Susan Hilfer Mr. and Ms. John A. Hill Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Hoffius Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. Holleman III Home Team BBQ GF Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Horlbeck Ms. Margaret L. Howell Mr. and Mrs. David L. Huguenin Ms. May Jones Mr. J. Edward Joye Mr. F. Kimball Joyner and Mr. Derek Riggs JustGive Mr. and Mrs. James J. Kerr Mr. Mike Landrum and Ms. Brenda Smith Dr. and Mrs. Wood N. Lay Dr. and Mrs. William H. Lee Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Endowment Dr. and Mrs. Lanneau D. Lide Mr. Justin O'Toole Lucey, P.A. Timothy J. Lyons, M.D.

Ms. Martha Records Mr. and Mrs. S. Kim Reed John M. Rivers, Jr. Foundation, Inc. Mr. John M. Rivers, Jr. Dr. Georgia C. Roane Mrs. Susan Romaine Bob Rymer and Catherine Anne Walsh Sandhills Community College Mr. and Mrs. Weldon Schenck Mr. and Mrs. C. Troy Shaver, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. W. Tobias Sherrill Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Simmons, Jr. Mr. T. Grange Simons V Mr. Matt Sloan Dorothy D. Smith Charitable Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Peter Sniderman Southern States Educational Foundation Inc. James Gustave Speth Fund for the Environment of the Open Space Institute, Inc GF Libby and Charlie Speth GF Mr. Elton B. Stephens III GF Mr. Michael P. Thornton Mr. John H. Tiencken, Jr. The U.S. Charitable Gift Trust Tom Uffelman and Patty Bennett Dr. and Mrs. Greg VanDerwerker Vortex Foundation Wade Crow Engineering Mr. and Mrs. Eugene M. Waldron, Jr. Sally Webb Ms. Sheila Wertimer and Mr. Gary Gruca Mr. and Mrs. Frederick H. West GF Dr. and Mrs. Tad Whiteside Mrs. Martha Maguire GF Ms. Walda Wildman and Mr. Mack Maguire The Williams Companies, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. John Winthrop Ms. Martha C. Worthy Nick and Jane Wyer

$500-$999 Anonymous Ms. Kate Adams and Mr. Robert Sudderth GF Richard and Tannis Alkire Mr. and Mrs. Brady Anderson Mr. Reed S. Armstrong Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arnoff The Ayco Charitable Foundation Mr. and Mrs Dennis Baer Chuck and Betsy Baker The Barker Welfare Foundation Dr. Randy Basinger and Ms. Louise Burpee Ms. Christine Bogrette Elizabeth Calvin Bonner Foundation Gen. and Mrs. Walter E. Boomer Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Foundation Ms. Amy Bunting Mrs. Blair Bunting Darnell Mr. and Mrs. John T. Cahill Mr. Ed Carraway Mr. and Mrs. Ben Cart Nancy and Billy Cave Charleston Artist Collective, LLC GF Mr. Richard C. Clow GF William and Lucile Cogswell GF Communities of Coastal Georgia Foundation



Mr. and Mrs. Scott B. MacGlashin Dr. and Mrs. Michael A. Maginnis Dr. and Mrs. John C. Maize Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Marshburn Dr. and Mrs. Brem Mayer Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence McElynn Goffinet and Ian McLaren Mercato GF Dr. and Mrs. Keith Merrill Mr. and Mrs. Roger F. Meyer Kincaid and Allison Mills Mr. and Mrs. John M. Mirsky Mistler Family Foundation GF Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Mistler GF Mr. and Mrs. Boulton D. Mohr Mr. and Mrs. M. Lane Morrison Mr. and Mrs. William D. Nettles, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Alan I. Nussbaum Dr. Patrick M. O'Neil Ms. Ellen P. Oblow Dr. and Mrs. J. David Osguthorpe Ms. Hadley A. Owen Mr. and Mrs. Coleman C. Owens Mrs. D. Williams Parker Mrs. Constance S. Parramore Dr. and Mrs. B. Daniel Paysinger Peninsula Grill GF Mr. Harry Polychron Lydia Engelhardt, M.D. and Bill Rambo, M.D. The Honorable Arthur Ravenel, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Frederick E. Reed, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Henry F. Rivers, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. Rogers IV W. Thomas Rutledge, Jr. Mr. Hal Currey and Ms. Margaret Schachte Mr. and Mrs. Edwin F. Scheetz, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Louis A. Schmitt, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Gerald J. Shealy Dr. David Shi Dr. and Mrs. William M. Simpson, Jr. Dr. James G. Simpson Mr. and Mrs. Huger Sinkler II Dr. Cynthia P. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Gary C. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Mark G. Solow Dr. and Mrs. James Stephenson Mr. and Mrs. Louis E. Storen Ms. Patricia Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. James Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. W. Charles Sullivan Charles and Jo Summerall Mr. and Mrs. Harold R. Talbot Dr. Arch W. Templeton Mr. and Mrs. Noel Thorn GF Mr. and Mrs. Clyde W. Timmons United Way of the Piedmont Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan G. Verity Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Voight Mr. and Mrs. Eliot Wadsworth II GF Ms. Caroline Warren Dr. Dara H. Wilber Mr. Julian Wiles and Ms. Jenny Hane Dr. and Mrs. George W. Williams Jeremy and Lisa Willits Dr. W. Curtis Worthington, Jr. Mr. Bradford Wyche and Ms. Diane Smock Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Wyrick, Jr.

Thank You! NEW AND RENEWING MEMBERSHIPS December 1, 2013 – February 28, 2014 $250-$499 Anonymous (3) Mr. and Mrs. Harold H. Adams, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arnoff Dr. Michal Baird and Mr. Jim Darlington Barrier Island Eco Tours Bill and Ellen Bell Mr. L. Russell Bennett Edward and Adelaida Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Colin C. Bentley Mr. and Mrs. Philip J. Bergan Mr. Rhett S. Bickley Mr. John C. Bigler Dr. and Mrs. Eric Billig Ms. Donna Billings and Mr. Dennis White Blu Restaurant GF Mr. and Mrs. J. Sidney Boone, Jr. Stephanie Boozer Mr. and Mrs. James M. Brailsford III Ms. Ruthann Burgess Ms. Alyssondra Campaigne and Mr. George Abar Dr. and Mrs. J. Robert Cantey GF Dr. and Mrs. William C. Carter III Mr. T. Heyward Carter III Mr. Karl E. Chatham Mr. and Mrs. Scott S. Christian Mr. Joseph F. Christie, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Michael R. Cooper Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Creed Ms. Judy Cunningham Ms. Rebecca R. Davenport Mr. and Mrs. James K. Dias Mr. and Mrs. Theodore DuBose Mr. and Mrs. Paul Echausse Michael and Anna Eddy Drs. Douglas and Diane Ervin Rev. Rodney Foster and Rev. Jody Foster Ms. Mary Edna Fraser and Dr. John Sperry Dr. Charles Friedman and Ms. Karin Volquardsen Mr. and Mrs. W. Foster Gaillard Mr. Robert M. Gallant Dr. Sidney Gauthreaux and Ms. Carroll Belser Mr. and Mrs. Karl Gedge Mr. Andrew Geer Mr. and Mrs. George R. Geer, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Benjamin M. Gimarc Mr. Patrick Hall Dr. Thomas Gross and Mrs. Susan Hamilton Janis Hammett Bill and Eleanor Hare Ms. Joy D. Hawkins High Cotton GF Dr. Bill Holt Mr. and Mrs. R. Walter Hundley Stephanie and Noel Hunt Husk - The Neighborhood Dining Group GF Mr. Ethan Jackson GF Dr. Joseph M. Jenrette III Kristen Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Tapley O. Johnson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. J. Paul Jones Mrs. Peggy Hendricks Jones Mr. and Mrs. Glenn F. Keyes Ms. Susan Kilpatrick and Mr. Charles Norris Marty and Julie Klaper Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr Ms. Susan Kruetzer Mr. and Mrs. John Kwist Melissa and Michael Ladd Jonathan Lamb Mr. Charles Lane, Jr. Ms. Paula A. Lareau Mr. and Mrs. W.B. Chisolm Leonard Gordon and Catherine Locatis Ms. Jessica Loring and Mr. Larry Rasmussen Timothy J. Lyons, M.D. Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Mark Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Marshburn Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Maybank Stuart and Sarah McDaniel Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. McGee GF

Ms. Madeleine S. McGee and Mr. Bunky Wichman Tara McGrath and Doug Hatch Mr. and Mrs. John Gregg McMaster III Ms. Dorothy H. Meacham Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Michaud John and Joanne Milkereit Mr. Benton Montgomery GF Mr. and Mrs. Edmond N. Moriarty III Mr. Lee Morris Mr. and Mrs. C. Lawrence Murphy Mr. and Mrs. Kelly Murphy Michele and Kotresha Neelakantappa Kate and Lindsay Nevin Mr. Bruce Newton and Ms. Judy Sperling-Newton Ms. Conyers Norwood Ms. Sis Nunnally Mr. and Mrs. Roger D. Olson Mr. and Mrs. Paul T. Palmer, Jr. Mrs. Constance S. Parramore Ms. Patricia A. Pierce Mr. and Mrs. Mason Pope Mr. and Mrs. Ward Pritchett Mr. and Mrs. James M. Prutting The Honorable Arthur Ravenel, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Rensberry Dr. and Mrs. Thomas P.R. Rivers Mr. Dan Rogge Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Rutkowski Mr. and Mrs. Milo Ryan GF Mr. and Mrs. John I. Saalfield, Jr. Ms. Laura Schaible Dickie and Mary Schweers Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Scott Slightly North of Broad GF Mr. and Mrs. Murray Smith Mr. Goodwin Smith, Jr. GF Mr. Tyler A. Smith GF Mr. and Mrs. Park B. Smith, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Gerald F. Smith GF Mr. and Mrs. Rik Snyder Ms. Robin Solomon GF Mrs. Patricia C. Stewart Dr. and Mrs. Charles P. Summerall III Dr. Arch W. Templeton Drs. Christine and C. Murry Thompson, Jr. Ms. Ann Timberlake and Mr. Ben Gregg Dr. Ann Truesdale and Mr. James Truesdale Dan and Cindy Tufford Mr. David J. Waldron Mr. and Mrs. Norman Walsh Waste Management Employees' Better Government Fund Ms. Caroline Warren Nancy Waters Mr. Richard E. Watkins Mr. and Mrs. Charles Webb Dr. William Westerkam and Ms. Kirsten Lackstrom Mr. Joseph F. Whetstone Caroline Hartzog White GF Dr. Dara H. Wilber Mr. Julian Wiles and Ms. Jenny Hane Dr. and Mrs. Charles A. Wilfong Dr. and Mrs. Al Wilson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. D. Mark Wilson Dr. and Mrs. William C. Wilson, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Michael Zimmerman

$100-$249 Anonymous (3) Mr. John A'Hern Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Abrams Ms. Julie W. Acker Mr. Keene Adams Mr. and Mrs. Charles Agee Mr. John Allen Dr. and Mrs. Dennis M. Allen Dr. and Mrs. Scott H. Allen Mr. and Mrs. James Allen Dr. and Mrs. William B. Allen Mr. and Mrs. William Byrn Alsup III Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Ambler Mr. David W. Ames Mr. and Mrs. W. Swinton Anderson Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Bainbridge

Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Baird Dr. and Mrs. J. Gilbert Baldwin, Jr. Ms. Jean R. Ballentine Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Barker Mr. Rodney Barlow and Dr. Patricia Fithian Mr. and Mrs. Scott Y. Barnes GF Mr. Arthur L. Baron Basico GF Mr. Leslie L. Bateson Caroline V. Beeland and John M. Moore Mr. Peter Bentley Mr. Edgar A. Bergholtz Mr. Dan Berman Mr. Charles J. Bethea Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Bischoff Dr. and Mrs. J. H. Bowen III Mr. and Mrs. Kyle S. Braxton Marilyn and Howard Brilliant Stewart and Walter Bristow Mr. Paul Bronzo Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Brooks Mel and Jack Brown Dr. and Mrs. Robert O. Brown Ms. Brenda Burbage Mr. Shan G. Burkhalter Mr. and Mrs. Moultrie B. Burns, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Hardwick H. Burr Mrs. Mary Ann Burtt Mr. and Mrs. Grant Burwell Mr. and Mrs. McBee Butcher Ms. Barbara B. Butler Dr. and Mrs. Nicholas Butler Ms. Paula W. Byers Ms. Randy Cabell Mr. and Mrs. J. Richard Carling Mr. Samuel C. Carlton Mr. and Mrs. Alan H. Carothers Mr. and Mrs. T. Heyward Carter, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Nelson Chandler Mr. and Mrs. William A. Chandler Mr. John F. Chilton IV GF Juliet and Jeffrey Cohen Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Cohen Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Cohen Barbara R. Cole Ms. Dorothy Coley and Mr. Robert Cross Community Foundation of Greater Greensboro, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Pat Conroy Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Cook, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Cooley Mr. and Mrs. Nigel W. Cooper GF Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Corning Mr. and Mrs. Leslie A. Cotter, Jr. Mrs. Lynda L. Courtney Mr. John M. Cox Mr. John C. Creed Mrs. Nadine Darby Mr. and Mrs. Morris K. Deason Dr. Gordon Dehler and Dr. Ann Welsh Mr. Thomas J. DeKornfeld Ms. Susan G. Dickson Mr. and Mrs. Elliott Dodds Mr. Richard P. Donohoe Marie Timmons Dorn Ms. Wayne Douglas Fran and Chris Doyle GF Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. P. Duell Ms. Candace Dyal Mr. W. L. Edwards Mr. and Mrs. Carl L. Eggerding Drs. Nick and Linda Elksnin Dr. William Ellison, Jr. Drs. Jean and Charles Everett Mr. Christopher Ewald and Ms. Ann Gregory Kelly Ms. Phyllis W. Ewing Mr. Phil Fairbanks and Ms. Dale Friedman Mrs. Theodora L. Feldberg Mr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Feldman Dr. and Mrs. Robert L. Fenning Dr. and Mrs. Gary E. Fink Mr. and Mrs. John W. Foltz Ms. Catherine H. Forrester GF Mr. Robert D. Fray Mr. and Ms. Michael D. Frederick Danner Friedman and Elizabeth Kent Mr. Elliott Friedman Mrs. Sallie J. Fuerth GF Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Gasque Mr. and Mrs. Steven S. Gilbert



Mr. Taylor Gillespie Ms. Bea Girndt Mary Jane Gorman Mr. and Mrs. Mark Gould Mr. and Mrs. James H. Grantham Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Greenberger Mr. Harlan Greene and Mr. Jonathan Ray Mr. Jackson V. Gregory Dr. Jerrold Griggs and Ms. Deynise Lau Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Gwyn Mr. and Mrs. Paul R. Hadley Mr. and Mrs. Elliott M. Harrigan Ms. Linda Hartough GF Mr. William Andrew Hautt Dr. and Mrs. John C. Hawk III Lewis and Kim Hay Mr. and Mrs. Clarke L. Hayes Senator and Mrs. Wes Hayes Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Hecker Mr. and Mrs. Dean J. Hewitt Mr. Joseph B. Hewitt Mr. Charles W. High Anna Kate and Hayne Hipp Mr. Brad Hodson Ms. Olivia Britton Holding Ms. Debbie Holman-Gregory Mr. and Mrs. Ozey K. Horton, Jr. Ms. Amy Horwitz and Mr. Norm Shea GF Mr. and Mrs. Gene R. Howard Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Howard Mr. and Mrs. Donald H. Howe Mr. and Mrs. Richard A. Hricik Ms. Rosemary Huhn Drs. Richard and Margaret Hunt Mrs. Mary Means Hutson Ms. Elizabeth Ilderton Mr. and Mrs. George Ivey Pamela Jacobs Mrs. Lois Jameson Ms. Marsha B. Jenkins Mr. and Mrs. Keith S. Jennings Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Jerue GF Mrs. Jane S. Johnson Mark and Frances Jones Ms. Linley Jones and Mr. Gregory Roth Mr. and Mrs. Clifton S. Jones GF Mr. Guy Jones Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Jules Mr. and Mrs. Rick D. Kaylor Dr. George T. Keller III Mr. Thomas H. Kennedy Mr. and Mrs. Benedict Kerrigone Mr. and Mrs. Mark W. Kinzer

GF = also a Growfood Carolina Donor

Thank You! Mrs. Diane Vergot Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Von Ende Mr. and Mrs. David C. Walker Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Walle Dr. and Mrs. John Waters Sam and Cindy Watson Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Westbrook Mr. and Mrs. Alfred White Mr. David Whitten and Ms. Geri Scheller Mr. and Mrs. T. Bright Williamson GF Dr. H. Oliver Williamson Mr. and Mrs. James Wilson Dr. and Mrs. John W. Wilson, Jr. Ms. M. Cindy Wilson Dr. and Mrs. Stanley M. Wilson Ms. Caitlin M. Winans Mrs. Elizabeth J. Witham Mrs. Johnnie L. Witt Ms. Patricia Wolman Dr. Curtis Worthington and Dr. Jane Tyler Capt. and Mrs. Richard T. Wright Dr. and Mrs. Frank J. Wyman Xiao Bao Biscuit GF Mr. and Mrs. Charles Yorke Mr. John Young Mrs. Noel C. Young Mr. and Mrs. J. Rutledge Young, Jr. Mr. Simpson J. Zimmerman, Jr.

The staff of the Coastal Conservation League thanks YOU for 25 years of conservation success! Mr. and Mrs. Jefferson D. Kirby III Ms. Nancy M. Kreml Dr. and Mrs. Seth P. Kupferman Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln F. Ladd Langdon's Restaurant & Wine Bar GF Mr. and Mrs. William E. Latture Mr. and Mrs. James B. Lau Mr. William Lesesne Gordon and Judy Levering Dr. and Mrs. Jan V. Levitan Mrs. Alice Levkoff GF Rebecca Love Mr. James J. Lundy, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Martin E. Lybecker Mrs. Evelyn C. Marion Van and Catherine Marshall Dr. and Mrs. Charles J. Marti Mr. and Mrs. William M. Matthew Mr. and Mrs. C.R. Maxwell Ms. Susan May and Mr. Andrew Owczarek Mr. John T. McCarter GF Christe McCoy-Lawrence McCrady's - The Neighborhood Dining Group GF Ms. Eileen Mary McGuffie Mr. and Mrs. John F. McIlwain Mr. Robert A. McKenzie Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm T. McPherson Dr. Charles W. McRae Mr. and Mrs. Dexter C. Mead Mr. and Mrs. Frederick S. Middleton III Capt. and Mrs. William L. Miles Mr. and Mrs. Donald C. Miller Angela and Howard Misthal Dr. and Mrs. Mark D. Monson Mr. and Mrs. Rick C. Montague John M. Moore, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Wesley L. Moore III Mr. and Mrs. Arthur S. Morgenstern Mr. and Mrs. John Muench Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Murphy Mrs. Jeanne W. Myers The Nelson Mead Fund Drs. James and Noreen Nelson David and Nancy Nettleton Sally and John Newell Dr. and Mrs. W. Eugene Notz Mrs. Anne P. Olsen Opal Restaurant GF Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Orr Mr. and Mrs. David J. Painter Palmetto Garden Club of South Carolina Mr. and Mrs. A. Nicholas Papadea Mr. Roger F. Pasquier Erin Hardwick Pate Dr. Robert Payne and Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas Mr. and Mrs. William F. Pennebaker Mr. and Mrs. Martin Perlmutter Dr. and Mrs. T. C. Player, Jr. Mr. Harry Polychron Mr. and Mrs. Frank Powell Mr. Norris Preyer and Dr. Lucy Preyer Mrs. Delia Pridgen Mr. and Mrs. John J. Pringle

Dr. and Mrs. William H. Prioleau, Jr. The Prudential Foundation Matching Gifts Mr. David Quick GF Mr. Frank W. Rambo Ms. Cheryl Randall Mr. and Mrs. I. Mayo Read, Jr. Kate Reddan GF Dr. and Mrs. Jerry H. Reitzel Mr. and Mrs. David Rice Mr. Frederick W. Riesen, Jr. Ms. Beverly Rivers Katherine and Morris Roberts Mr. Frank H. Roberts, Sr. Mr. Richard S Rosen Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Rosengarten Ms. Abby Rowland Dr. Jeremy Rutledge Dr. and Mrs. Mark H. Salley Ms. Dorothy M. Sanders Dr. and Mrs. Frank M. Sawyer Mr. Gerald H. Schulze Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels Dr. and Mrs. Scott C. Shaffer Mr. and Mrs. Norman C. Sharp Senator and Mrs. Vincent A. Sheheen Mr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Sheldon Mr. and Mrs. William H. Shelley, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Shinn Mr. Lawrence J. Simon Mr. Mark Sloan and Ms. Michelle Van Parys The Honorable and Mrs. Gerald M. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Shawn K. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Greg Smith GF Mr. Tyson Smith Mr. Harry F. Smithson Mr. and Mrs. George Smyth, Jr. Starr and Phil Snead The Society of Saint Thomas and Saint Denis 1706 Dr. Donald Sparks and Dr. Katherine Saenger Mr. and Mrs. E.H. Stanley, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Steele Mrs. Sandra S. Stephan Ms. Danette Stovall Mr. Andrew Streit Mr. and Mrs. Jon Stuckey Angela P. Stump GF Mr. and Mrs. John P. Sullivan III Mr. Elliott Sweet, M.D. GF Col. and Mrs. Paul J. Sykes GF Mr. and Ms. William B. Tausig Ted's Butcher Block GF The Glass Onion GF Louis and Jane Theiling Mr. Cunningham P. Thomas, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. William Bonner Thomason Mr. and Mrs. Phillip R. Thornton Mr. and Mrs. Louis C. Tisdale, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas S. Tisdale GF Mark and Lisa Jones Turansky Dr. and Mrs. Ambrose G. Updegraff Joan and Martin Ustin Ms. Eleanne D. Van Vliet

$50-$99 Anonymous (2) Mr. and Mrs. Roger Ackerman Ms. Carole Addlestone GF Judith and Roger Anderson Dr. and Mrs. K. Eric Anderson Mr. Andrew D. Annand Mrs. Jessica Arant Mrs. George C. Avent Mr. Joseph Azar Charles and Sharon Barnett GF Ms. Leslie Barry Mr. Adrian Barry Mr. John Batson Ms. Sheila L. Beardsley Mr. and Mrs. Karl M. Becker Ms. Helen Belencan and Mr. Gary Smith Dr. and Mrs. Norman H. Bell Mr. and Mrs. Craig M. Bennett, Jr. Mrs. Katherine B. Beverly Mr. Paul Boes Mr. and Mrs. Gordon E. Bondurant Ms. Julie H. Bower Mr. S. Coleman Braxton Ms. Susan Breslin Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Brewer GF Mr. Alfred V. Brown, Jr. Ms. Gail Brownlee Mr. and Mrs. Samuel D. Brownlee, Jr. Mr. Scott Bryant Dr. and Mrs. William Y. Buchanan, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Perry N. Bullard Mrs. Georgia Burson Ms. Angie Y. Calhoun Mr. John Cameron Ms. D. Elaine Camp Ms. Katherine G. Campbell Mr. Timothy Carens and Ms. Elizabeth Van Pelt Mr. and Mrs. William R. Carpenter III Mr. Adrian J. Chanler Mr. Ronald H. Charron Ms. Lynn C. Chiappone Mr. and Mrs. Hunter L. Clarkson Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Clauss Dr. Jason Cohen Mr. and Mrs. J. Terrell Cook, Sr. Ms. Margaret Cormack GF Mr. and Mrs. Richard Cowan Ms. Margaret A. Cromwell Mr. and Mrs. D.M. Crutchfield Mr. Beau Daen Sterling Davenport Miss Kathy Davis Mr. and Mrs. James M. Davis Dr. and Mrs. F. Carl Derrick Neil and Renee Dickinson Mr. and Mrs. Gerard P. Dionne Ms. Mina Donovan Barbara J. Doyle Drayton Hall Dr. William E. Dufford



Ms. Pamela J. Edwards Mr. Randell Ewing Mr. Henry W. Farnum Mr. and Mrs. John L. Faucette Mrs. Deborah B. Fenn Mr. and Mrs. Helmut H. Fiedler Mr. David Finger Mr. James Fitch Ms. Elizabeth Franchini Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Fraser III Mr. and Ms. Porter Friedman Mrs. Letitia Galbraith Ms. Emily T. Gibbons Mr. and Mrs. Donald A. Gibson Mr. and Mrs. Steven H. Gibson Mr. and Mrs. John A. Gilbert Tom and Sally Gillespie Mrs. Michael S. Giuffre Mrs. Dorothy P. Gnann Dewey and Kira Golub GF Ms. Mary L. Goodell Ms. Marian Greely and Mr. Darrell Olson Mr. and Mrs. Frank Grice Mrs. Richard B. Grimball Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Grochowski Dr. Mark Guilloud Mr. Jeremiah Hallstrom Ms. Elizabeth A. Hancock Mr. Todd A. Hancock Mr. Stephen Hanson Mr. Gerald Haram and Ms. Barbara Gould Mr. Robert Hare Mrs. Elizabeth R. Harrigan Ms. Agatha Harris Mr. and Mrs. William B. Hassell Mrs. Joan Hedley

Mr. Ian Hill and Ms. Kathy Lindsay Mr. Austin Hipp Mrs. June C. Hora Ms. Margaret Howe Mrs. Ruby Dee Hryharrow Col. and Mrs. Perry A. Hudel Mr. Edward James Dr. Robert L. Janiskee Mr. David B. Jennings Ms. A. Neyle Jervey Mr. and Mrs. Roger Johnson Mr. Dan M. Johnson Mr. and Mrs. R Hunter Kennedy III GF Mrs. Mary Kennerty Lannen Mr. and Mrs. Paul F. Kent Ms. Joan Kinne Mr. Michael Kohl and Dr. Jane McLamarrah Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Kohler Mr. Wayne Koon Mr. Dennis A. Laabs Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Laney IV Ms. Katherine Lang Ms. Tori G. Langen Mrs. Jenny C. Lawing Mr. Stratton Lawrence Ms. Caroline W. Lee Dr. Susan Libes Mr. and Mrs. Toney J. Lister Mr. Matthew Lockhart Mr. and Mrs. Wade H. Logan III Mr. and Mrs. Danforth Loring Mrs. Ingrid Low Ms. Sheila Low-Beer GF Mr. Robbie Lupo Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Madoff Mr. Myles Maland Mr. and Mrs. William E. Martin III Ms. Linda R. Mason Mr. and Mrs. Tug Mathisen Mr. Stewart Maurice Mrs. Laura M. and Mr. Matthew S. McAlhaney Jackson and Pamela McCarter Mr. James O. McClellan III Mr. David B. McCormack

Thank You! Mrs. Kelly T. McKee Dr. Phoebe A. McLeod Mrs. Sue Ellen F. McNeil Ms. Dolores J. Miller Ms. Allison Elise Morrison Eisuke and Daryll Murono Dr. and Mrs. James R. Muscott Mr. and Mrs. George M. Neil Mrs. Phillis Newman Mrs. Mary M. O'Connell Ms. Brenda S. O'Shields Mr. and Mrs. Chuck Olson Ms. Natalie Olson Ms. Jean L. Osborne Mr. and Mrs. Steven W. Ouzts Dr. Jeanne Owen Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth M. Padgett Mrs. Anne V. Padgett Mr. and Mrs. Michael A. Pagnotta Dr. Olivia C. Palmer Mr. Samuel P. Parker, Jr. Mr. Hayes H. Patterson, Jr. Mr. D. Lindsay Pettus Dr. and Mrs. Keith C. Player Ms. Susan H. Prettyman Ms. Susan Priester Mr. Kevin Prince and Dr. Mary Prince Mr. and Mrs. Norman F. Pulliam Dr. Ann A. Quattlebaum Drs. Ross and Laura Rames Mr. Fran Rametta Dr. and Mrs. John H. Rashford Ms. Marjorie Rath and Mr. David Bachman Mr. John Richardson Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Roberts Mr. and Mrs. Frederich E. Roitzsch Senator and Mrs. Michael T. Rose Dr. and Mrs. Samuel H. Rosen Ms. Marcia Rosenberg Roti Rolls GF Mr. and Mrs. Alwyn Rougier-Chapman Ms. Traylor Rucker Mr. Justin Rummage Mr. and Mrs. James K. Rumrill Mrs. Carol F. Ryder Mr. Ronald Sebeczek

Mr. Brent Shealy Dr. and Mrs. Harry E. Shealy, Jr. Mrs. Pamela B. Shucker Dr. Daniel Silver Dr. and Mrs. Jack W. Simmons, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Uldis K. Sipols Dr. and Mrs. C. D. Smith III Copley Smoak Mr. and Mrs. D. Paul Sommerville Mr. James C. Spears, Jr. Ms. Kathleen A. Spring Ms. Mary E. Steimen Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan M. Stein Dr. Faye B. Steuer Mr. and Mrs. George Stilwell Dr. Elva C. Stinson Dr. and Mrs. S. David Stoney, Jr. GF Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Stoothoff Mr. Eugene Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Terrill Mrs. Wynne Thomas Mr. and Mrs. John H. Tison GF Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Tracy Tristan Restaurant GF Mr. and Mrs. Maurice K. Veronee Mr. Thomas Videyko and Ms. Caroline Kemezys Mrs. Mary Alice Walker Ms. Elise Wallace Mr. and Mrs. Robert Warden Mrs. Haley Warden Rodgers and Mrs. Lauren Warden Rodgers Mrs. Mary Theresa Wightman Mr. and Mrs. James M. Williams Mr. and Mrs. William R. Winslow Drs. David Wishart and Josephine Wilson Ms. Laura S. Witham Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Wood Mr. David Wyanski and Ms. Andrea Smith Mr. and Mrs. C. Thomas Wyche Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Young, Jr. Ms. Elizabeth Zeck and Mr. Mark Berg

Gifts of Membership

Matching Gifts

Ms. Leslie Barry for Adrian Barry

Bank of America Matching Gifts The Boeing Company The Coca-Cola Matching Gifts Program Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation Shell Oil Company Foundation The UBS Foundation

Mr. and Mrs. Kyle Braxton for S. Cole Braxton

Coastal Legacy Society The Coastal Legacy Society honors those who have provided for the Coastal Conservation League through their wills or estate plans. By making a gift to the Coastal Legacy Society, you will join this group of extraordinary individuals in their commitment to protect the Lowcountry for generations. If you are interested in finding out more about naming the Coastal Conservation League in your will or estate plans, please contact Shannyn Smith at 843-725-2058 or

Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting* Russell and Judith Burns Charlotte Caldwell Chip and Betty Coffee Marcia Curtis* Carol B. Ervin Mary C. Everts* Robert W. Foster, Sr. Dr. Annette G. Godow Florence E. Goodwin* Janis Hammett Ms. Teri Lynn Herbert Katherine M. Huger

In memory of Diane D. Terni Mr. and Mrs. William R. Barrett, Jr. GF Dr. and Mrs. Robert H. Bowles GF Ed Manigault, Jeff Lewis and Lauren Lanni GF Susie O'Brien GF Michael and Stark Ward GF Ms. Katherine S. Zimmerman GF In memory of George Rogers Mr. Stan Severance

Juliet and Jeffrey Cohen for Jason Cohen

Honors/Memorials Tara McGrath and Doug Hatch for Mina Donovan Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels for Roderick Dowling Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels for Grenville Seibels Ms. Caroline Warren for Mason Pope Bill Case for Betty Kelsey

Katherine Cheshire Knott* Dr. Thomas R. Mather Miles F. McSweeney Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost Ellen and Mayo Read Mr. Jason A. Schall Ms. Dorothy D. Smith* Gus and Cameron Speth Mr. and Mrs. John J. Tecklenburg Mr. and Mrs. Thad Timmons Sarah W. Toomer* George W. Williams

In memory of J. Ryba William and Marilyn Blizard

In memory of Billie Houghton Mr. E. Dean Berry Ms. Floy Work

In memory of Jane E. Lareau Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arnoff Ms. Pamela J. Edwards Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Hagerty Mrs. Elizabeth A. Judd Dr. and Mrs. Christopher P. Marsh Ms. Catherine G. Rogers Ms. Merike Tamm

In honor of Mary Stuart Dawson Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr. In honor of Fleetwood Hassell Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr. In honor of Charles Lane Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr.

In memory of John F. Maybank Ms. Linda Lear

In honor of Lucy Seabrook Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr.

In honor of Thomas Morrison Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer

In memory of Billie Mae LeBoutillier Mr. and Mrs. Hugh K. Clark Mrs. Edward Vought

In honor of John M. Moore Ms. Mary Evelyn Jones

In memory of David L. Arnoff Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arnoff

In honor of John Warren Ms. Caroline Warren Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer

In memory of Deborah Winfield Dr. Jerry P. Winfield

In memory of Josh Loflin Mr. Stan Severance


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In honor of Katie Bell Mr. and Mrs. John Mulvihill In memory of Kippi McCulloch Mr. and Mrs. Marty Hook In honor of Richard Rainaldi Ms. Ann Baker Easley Mrs. Jill J. Paul In honor of Hudson Rogers Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer In honor of Robert P. Schofield Ms. Barbara Stein In celebration of Stanley Stevens Mr. and Mrs. David Graham In memory of William M. Campbell Ms. Elizabeth Mobley

P.O. Box 1765

Charleston, SC 29402-1765

For more information about the Coastal Conservation League, check out our website at

The mission of the Coastal Conservation League is to protect the threatened resources of the South Carolina coastal plain — its natural landscapes, abundant wildlife, clean water, and quality of life — by working with citizens and government on proactive, comprehensive solutions to environmental challenges.


NEW BOOK about the Deveaux Bank seabird colony is being published this spring by the Coastal Conservation League in partnership with the University of South Carolina Press. With photographs and text by Dana Beach, Deveaux chronicles the annual cycle of reproduction and renewal on this ephemeral sandbar, and the work of the scientists and conservationists who labor to understand and protect it. The book’s stories and images provide a compelling call to action to save Deveaux and sites like it — wellsprings of the Lowcountry’s natural beauty and diversity. The Conservation League has played a lead role in protecting all types of coastal wildlife habitat, especially critical seabird and shorebird nesting and feeding areas like Deveaux Bank. All proceeds of the book sales go directly towards the conservation programs of the Coastal Conservation League. To order your copy visit:


South Carolina


Coastal Conservation League

Spring 2014  
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