Volume 24 No.1
Conservation League Planning Our Energy Future • 8 25th Anniversary Conference • 12 GrowFood Carolina • 14
From The Director
Will the Real Business Community Please Stand Up?
Director Dana Beach Assistant Director Megan Desrosiers
Regional Offices _____ ________________
Project Manager Reed Armstrong
Office Director Nancy Cave
Office Director Govt. Relations Specialist Utility Regulation Specialist Project Manager
Merrill McGregor Anne Petterson Hutto Kenneth Sercy Ryan Black
Program Directors Hamilton Davis
Project Managers GrowFood Carolina
Lisa Turansky Katie Zimmerman Jake Libaire Sara Clow Jessica Diaz Nina Ocamb Benton Montgomery Bob Tremayne Andrew Werth
Development ____________________ Director of Development Senior Development Officer Events Manager Membership Director
Abby Rowland Catherine McCullough Bea Girndt Danner Friedman
Administration ______________ ______
HR and Administration Director of Finance Data Manager Administrative Assistant
Tonnia Switzer-Smalls Ashley Waters Nora Kravec Louann Yorke
Board of Directors
Roy Richards, Chair Andy Berly James R. McNab, Jr. William Cogswell Richard R. Schmaltz Andrea Ziff Cooper Jeffrey Schutz Berry Edwards Stan Stevens Richard T. Hale John Thompson Katharine Hastie Bill Turner Hank Holliday Victoria C. Verity Holly Hook David Westerlund W. Jefferson Leath Peter Wilborn Patricia W. Lessane Alex Marsh
Advisors and Committee Members Paul Kimball Hugh Lane Jay Mills
Editor Catherine McCullough Designer Julie Frye
P.O. Box 1765 ■ Charleston, SC 29402 Phone: (843) 723-8035 ■ FAX: (843) 723-8308 Email: email@example.com website: www.CoastalConservationLeague.org
f you spend much time in the State House in Columbia, you might conclude that the primary goal of South Carolina business is to eliminate every vestige of the state’s natural landscape. While there, you would be informed by the business lobby, (and by the chairman of the State Ports Authority), that the goal of the conservation movement is to destroy the state’s economy and send its citizens back to the Stone Age. But if you spend a few moments off the grounds of the capitol, a completely different picture emerges. In the Lowcountry, the leading businesses, including Boeing and Google, are embracing some of the most aggressive environmental responsibility programs in the nation. Boeing has installed the sixth largest solar array in the county, providing a substantial amount of power to construct the Boeing 787, an airplane that is twenty percent more fuel-efficient than the current world fleet. At Google, you would see (if you could get inside) a commitment to “carbon-neutrality” – through energy efficiency using renewable fuels and strategies to offset carbon emissions. The largest companies in the Upstate, such as BMW and GE (with whom we held a joint conference on energy a few years ago), have adopted similar approaches to minimizing their environmental footprints. The logic behind this is twofold. First, world markets – European airlines, for example – want products that are produced by companies with high environmental standards. There is a clear competitive advantage for a company with a robust environmental agenda. This is called enlightened self-interest. Second, many of these companies are run by executives and directors who personally believe in environmental responsibility. This is called global citizenship. The convergence of these two factors has inspired corporate practices that are not simply window-dressing. But the action is not restricted to the large multinationals. Small local businesses are on the bandwagon too. Consider the Charleston restaurant community. Today it is hard to find a locally-owned restaurant that does not emphasize local produce, (a good bit of which is bought from GrowFood Carolina, in addition to dozens of local farmers), and sustainably caught seafood. But it’s probably what you see on the weekends that is most indicative of the relationship the real business community has toward the environment – business men and women who are hikers, surfers, hunters, fishermen, bikers and tri-athletes, business people who take their families on outings in the ACE basin or the Francis Marion National Forest, business people who attend oyster roasts in months with r’s in the names.
P.O. Box 1861 ■ Beaufort, SC 29901 Phone: (843) 522-1800 1001 Washington Street, Suite 300 ■ Columbia, SC 29201 Phone: (803) 771-7102 P.O. Box 603 ■ Georgetown, SC 29442 Phone: (843) 545-0403 All contents herein are copyright of the Coastal Conservation League. Reprinting is strictly prohibited without written consent.
Cover Photo by Dana Beach
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From The Director For the past twenty-four years, the Conservation League has represented these business interests. As a result, we have thousands of members who work in the for-profit sector and applaud the efforts the environmental community has made to protect the extraordinary way of life in the Lowcountry. As a result, too, South Carolina is one of the more attractive places in the country for business relocation and start-ups. So what’s up with the business lobby in Columbia? First, they have deliberately polarized the discussion about the environment. The debate over the Pollution Control Act (PCA) last year is one case in point; the current disagreement over solar leasing is another. During the 2012 legislative session, the S.C. Manufacturers’ Alliance and the S.C. Chamber of Commerce strong-armed a bill through the General Assembly that limited the rights of citizens to protect wetlands like Carolina Bays under the PCA. They were apparently provoked by a lawsuit by the South Carolina Environmental Law Project. (SCELP has represented the Coastal Conservation League for decades on dozens of cases including Captain Sams Spit, Angel Oak and the state permits for the cruise ship terminal. Please see Amy Armstrong’s column in this newsletter on the Spit.) SCELP had successfully argued that developers who wanted to fill isolated wetlands must apply for a PCA permit and that citizens could go directly to court to stop unpermitted work. This was a distressing victory to the Alliance and the Chamber, who believe that citizen action to protect wetlands is harmful to industrial development. Yet wetlands protection has not inhibited industry from moving to and expanding in South Carolina. The Boeing project, built extensively in wetlands, came about after conservationists and the
Department of Commerce developed a mitigation program that more than offset wetlands losses with no delay to the project permits. The truth is that the PCA’s citizen enforcement provisions have never been an impediment to much of anything. There have been only five cases filed in the history of the law, one of which was a Southern Environmental Law Center challenge to an arsenic-leaking coal ash landfill in Horry County, owned by Santee Cooper. The goal of that lawsuit is to clean the landfill up and stop the contamination. Why would the State Chamber of Commerce be opposed to cleaning up a leaking coal ash pond perched upriver of Myrtle Beach’s drinking water intake? How is cleaning that facility up bad for Grand Strand businesses and their customers, who happen to depend upon drinkable water? Similarly, why would the Manufacturers’ Alliance oppose a bill that would allow investors to install solar panels on the roofs of stores, churches and other non-profits? Numerous South Carolina businesses – including manufacturers – would like to see the solar economy take off here as it has in other states.
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One would, at least, think that the business lobby, however misled on the subject of conservation, would be consistent in their advocacy of free markets. The solar leasing bill is a classic example of the potential for the free market to create jobs and protect the environment. In spite of the clear benefits, the Manufacturers’ Alliance has led the campaign against solar leasing. In this case, their motivation has less to do with business development than it does with protecting the monopolies granted by law to the state’s regulated and publicly-owned utilities. In the end, the term “business community” should not be confused with the business lobby in the State House, who seem mostly interested in waging a jihad against the environment while protecting a handful of politicallyconnected clients. The real business community breathes the air, drinks the water and enjoys the protected places that South Carolina offers, thanks to the efforts of conservation-minded leaders – and businesses – who don’t fall for the false choice between prosperity and environmental protection.
Capt. Sams/Cruise Update
Judging the Effects of Our Actions By Guest Contributor Amy Armstrong, Executive Director and General Counsel for the South Carolina Environmental Law Project
"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." My First Summer in the Sierra -John Muir
Captain Sams Spit
s John Muir, one of America’s greatest conservationists, knew, every action we take has cascades of impacts. So it is with the proposed half-mile long revetment on the back of Kiawah Island’s Captain Sams Spit. Proposed by the Kiawah Development Partners (KDP), this massive bulkhead will directly destroy nearly 3 acres of sandy beach and intertidal habitat in the footprint of the wall. But the indirect impacts of the construction – including building 50 houses on a highly mobile piece of land, the desecration of a pristine area on which the endangered piping plover,
diamondback terrapin, and strandfeeding bottlenose dolphin rely for feeding and nesting, and the elimination of public trust tidelands, effectively blocking the public’s use and enjoyment of this popular site – are even more damaging. South Carolina law clearly states that the Office of Coastal Resources Management (OCRM) must consider these “long-range and cumulative” impacts. Unfortunately, the justices of the state’s highest court are divided over the interpretation of this critical point. To paraphrase a recent political comment, they were against it before they were for it. In November of 2011, the Supreme
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Amy Armstrong Court ruled that KDP’s permit request for the half-mile long concrete wall along the Kiawah River side of Captain Sams Spit was improperly authorized by Administrative Law Judge Trip Anderson. The opinion was a tremendous win for the spit and its wildlife and resources, as well as members of the public who frequent the spit. The sole dissenter of the November 2011 decision was Chief Justice Jean Toal. Thereafter, in response to a request from KDP, with support from the Manufacturers’ Alliance and the Savannah Maritime Commission, three justices agreed to “rehear” the case and revisit the 2011 opinion. The Supreme Court reheard the case on April 17, 2012, and issued an unusual and disappointing decision, granting KDP their permit for the concrete wall. The opinion is unusual because it is a complete reversal of the court’s 2011 decision. It is also unusual in that there are three separate opinions. The court’s official opinion is signed by only two of the five justices – Chief Justice Toal and Justice Beatty. Justices Pleicones and Hearn dissented, stating opinions consistent with the court’s original judgment that OCRM must consider cumulative impacts outside of the immediate critical area. The third opinion came from Justice Kittredge who agrees with the dissent that OCRM must consider cumulative impacts outside of the immediate critical area.
Capt. Sams/Cruise Update The opinion is disappointing because Captain Sams Spit is undisputedly a fragile and unique coastal resource – the kind that our Coastal Zone Management Act was designed to protect – and the concrete wall would cover nearly 3 acres of public trust sand beaches used and enjoyed by the public.
But Justice Kittredge concludes that the Administrative Law Court did in fact consider those impacts when deciding to issue the permit and thus concurs with the court's opinion to affirm the ALC and allow the revetment to be built. Thus, the opinion leaves no clear majority to guide decision-makers in the future. The opinion is disappointing because Captain Sams Spit is undisputedly a fragile and unique coastal resource – the kind that our Coastal Zone Management Act was designed to protect – and the concrete wall would cover nearly three acres of public trust sand beaches used and enjoyed by the public. Because of the grave implications for the spit and for future permits in which long-range, indirect and cumulative impacts are important, we have submitted a request to the court to rehear the case.
Union Pier Cruise Terminal
he Union Pier Cruise Terminal in Charleston is one such permit implicated by the Captain Sams case. In February 2013, SCELP filed a request for a final review
conference of the state permit issued to the S.C. State Ports Authority for the new cruise terminal in downtown Charleston. Almost immediately, we realized the fight to reign in cumulative impacts stemming from the proposed project was very similar to our quest to protect Captain Sams Spit. Our challenge is based on DHEC's failure to consider the long-range and cumulative impacts of the project – one of the key arguments against the concrete wall proposed for Captain Sams Spit. Hundreds of concerned citizens submitted evidence that increased cruise operations are negatively impacting Charleston with polluting air emissions, increased traffic congestion and degradation of the historic character of the city. DHEC has the responsibility and duty to consider those farreaching impacts, and to ensure that its permitting decision includes appropriate mitigating conditions, such as the requirement of shoreside power and an annual cap on the number and size of cruise ship visits. Even though the spit decision was a great disappointment, when we break down the three opinions issued by the Supreme Court in the Captain Sams case, it is clear that a majority of the c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
justices agree that in evaluating critical area permits, DHEC and OCRM must consider impacts outside the critical area. Thus, we believe we have a solid basis for our legal claims in the cruise case alleging failure to consider those impacts, and we are hopeful that the Court will reverse its decision in the Captain Sams Spit case.
Legislative Update “
Money, Power and Politics in South Carolina By Guest Contributor Lynn Teague, Advocacy Director for the S.C. League of Women Voters
League of Women Voters of South Carolina
thics laws should insure that our public officials are working for all of us. South Carolina’s laws are not doing that job. Ethics reform must be a central issue for anyone who cares about South Carolina’s environment, education, infrastructure or any of the other ways that government affects our lives. Our state’s future depends upon it. The problems that must be addressed include: • Undisclosed donors and expenditures by “independent” political action committees (PACs), and “blackout periods” before elections when campaign donors are undisclosed until after the election; • “Leadership PACs” that subvert limits on donations to individual candidates and prevent adequate disclosure; • Undisclosed sources of compensation that lead to conflicts of interest; • Poor citizen access to information about government activities, and • Poor enforcement of ethics laws. Bills introduced by Senator Robert W. (Wes) Hayes, Senator Luke Rankin, Representative Bill Taylor, Representative Beth Bernstein, and Senator Paul Thurmond would address many of these problems. S.338 clarifies the definition of a “committee” so we can require disclosure of donors and expenditures by PACs that are not affiliated with any candidate or party. S.338, S.13, and H.3407 would end “leadership PACs.” S. 412 would eliminate the blackout period before elections. H.3163 would make important improvements in the accessibility of information from government agencies. H.3772, introduced by Representative Kenny Bingham and others, covers some of the same ground as these other bills but is weaker in important respects. A full exploration of such complex legislation would be lengthy. However, two issues stand out as essential: disclosures related to possible conflicts of interest and independence of enforcement.
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Comprehensive personal economic disclosure statements are crucial for real reform. We strongly recommend amendment of S. 338 and H.3772 so that officials are explicitly required to disclose the name and address of each governmental entity, corporation, partnership, joint venture, sole proprietorship, association, union, or other business or commercial entity from whom compensation has been received in any form. We believe that amounts of compensation should also be disclosed. Further, we must require disclosure of the identity of clients of companies owned in whole or in part by the officials. Enforcement of violations by members and staff of the General Assembly is the second crucial issue. At present, the fox is guarding the henhouse and doing a very poor job of it. The transfer of disciplinary authority from the General Assembly to the S.C. Ethics Commission outlined in S.346 and S.347 should be accomplished now, without awaiting an unnecessary constitutional amendment. Further, S.505 should be enacted to enable the multi-agency Public Integrity Unit to do a more effective and professional job of investigating possible ethics violations. H.3772 provides an alternative approach to dealing with ethics violations in the General Assembly, but it does not provide sufficient transparency or independence and should be rejected in favor of the Senate approach. The future of our state depends upon ethics reform that includes comprehensive disclosure of potential conflicts of interest and truly independent enforcement. For more information on these issues, go to http://lwvsc.org/EthicsinStateGovernment. html. Call or write your representatives and tell them to support the bills and the amendments needed to move South Carolina into a new era of confidence in our government. Send the message, loud and clear, that we demand real reform now.
Moving Forward on Transportation Reform By Merrill McGregor, Columbia Office Director for the Coastal Conservation League
t is nothing new to South Carolina motorists and truckers that our roads are in dire straights; in fact, we'll have to spend 30 billion dollars in maintenance and repairs over the course of the next 20 years to get them up to standard. This legislative season, CCL’s legislative staff is happy to report that there are bills in the both the House (H.3476) and Senate (S.209 and S.184) that make the changes necessary to rationalize and depoliticize the current transportation funding paradigm, as well as accelerate the SCDOT prioritization processes for qualified projects.
“It just doesn’t make sense to have one state agency building expensive new roads when we can’t even keep up with our current maintenance needs.” Transportation reform measures this legislative session are promising–bills include: measures to disband the State Transportation Infrastructure Bank (SIB) agency, that has a history of funding politically driven, unnecessary, and costly projects such as I-73 and the extension of I-526; folding that stream of income into the South Carolina Department of Transportation, and requiring the SCDOT to develop a process of prioritization. “We need to set our infrastructure priorities based on facts and determine where S.C. can get the most return for a limited amount of dollars,” Representative Ralph Norman said. Prioritization would expedite projects related to preserving, maintaining, and rehabilitating existing state highways and bridges. “The SIB has been force feeding asphalt to the coast, while the Upstate and many rural areas starve,” Senator Harver Peeler has said. “It just doesn’t make sense to have one state agency building expensive new roads when we can’t even keep up with our current maintenance needs. I’m pleased to have bi-partisan support on a much-needed reform that will help get the politics out of road building.”
Rep Norman goes on to say, ‘The goal here is to bring sunlight to the issue on where our dollars go. I think there needs to be some equity in geography when you are looking at projects and make sure you are treating the whole state fairly and move S.C. forward.” CCL supports these efforts for transportation reform and thanks Senators Harvey Peeler (R-Cherokee), Sen. Vincent Sheheen (D-Kershaw), Sen. Greg Gregory (R-Lancaster) and Rep. Ralph Norman (R-York) for helping to responsibly administer taxpayer dollars for the critical road maintenance and repairs that are vital to our safety and economic future.
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Planning Our ENERGY FUTURE By Kenneth Sercy, Utility Regulation Specialist for the Coastal Conservation League
ssues related to energy have rapidly transitioned from virtual obscurity to centerpieces of attention at the local, national and global level. Questions about where our energy comes from and how we use it now dominate the political and regulatory landscape, and answering these questions impacts a diverse array of topics ranging from human health, ecological sustainability, quality of life, national security, and economic prosperity. Since 2006, the Coastal Conservation League has positioned itself to work effectively to influence the energy debate in ways that make the most sense for South Carolina. By engaging policy makers, regulators, private industry, and communities, we have worked to find solutions to the problems associated with our over reliance on fossil fuels and the inefficient use of electricity in our homes and businesses. South Carolina now finds itself in the enviable position of having an ability to increasingly meet our future energy demand with homegrown clean energy resources and energy efficiency. But a business-as-usual approach to energy policy and regulation means that opportunities will be lost and undesirable damage will be done to our economy and environment.
oday, nearly half of the electricity consumed by South Carolina homes, businesses, and industrial facilities is produced by centralized coal and natural gas-fired generating units. Billions of dollars flow out of our state each year to Appalachian and Gulf states to purchase the fuel burned at these power plants, and the byproducts of the combustion process compromise air and water quality throughout South Carolina. Our stateâ€™s seven nuclear units consume uranium that also must be imported, and create radioactive waste that is accumulating with no long-term storage solution in sight. In addition to these existing economic and environmental impacts, a stack of regulatory wild cards sitting on the table could dramatically increase the cost of producing power from South Carolinaâ€™s fossil-based units in the near future. These include pending EPA regulations and the ongoing possibility of federal constraints on greenhouse gas emissions. The price of natural gas is also expected to rise, although by how much is anyoneâ€™s guess. These key wild cards and others mean that South Carolina is extremely vulnerable to industry uncertainties.
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Energy Seeking Solutions
2011 Energy Savings
% of Utility Retail Electric Sales
Southern Alliance for Clean Energy
ortunately there are many ways, we can reduce today’s impacts and prepare for tomorrow’s challenges. For example, building codes that improve the energy efficiency of our homes and businesses will reduce the need to run coal and gas-fired units. CCL led a successful effort at the State House to update South Carolina’s building codes with this goal in mind in 2012. Innovative financing options for small customer-side generators such as solar photovoltaic arrays can also reduce demand on centralized utility generators. The League is actively supporting efforts to legalize these financing mechanisms in S.C. in order to boost installation of solar arrays, wind turbines, and other clean distributed technologies at homes and businesses across the state. Even with critical initiatives such as these in place, South Carolina will continue to consume vast quantities of electricity, and the majority of that electricity will be generated by our regulated investor-owned utilities as well as our state-owned utility, Santee Cooper. Thus, the decisions these utilities make in the coming years about how to meet electricity demand and modernize their power systems for the 21st century will largely define the ongoing environmental impacts of S.C.’s power sector as well as the state’s preparedness for an uncertain future. A strong utility decision-making process is a fundamental part of the solution to our state’s daunting energy challenges. In that case, you may be wondering how do utilities make decisions about what kinds of resources to invest in? The answer is not simple, but it all starts with a plan – what’s called an “integrated resource plan”, or IRP.
One way to compare energy efficiency impacts among different electric utilities is to examine each utility’s annual kilowatt-hour energy savings as a percentage of annual retail kilowatthour sales. Here, South Carolina’s utilities are compared to other Southeastern utilities as well as national efficiency leaders.
The Energy Buffet
n IRP begins with a look into the crystal ball to establish a demand forecast, which represents the utility’s best estimate of how much electricity will be consumed each year in its service territory. Typically the forecast projects demand for the next 10-20 years and is based on a combination of historical data and expectations about key drivers such as economic activity and weather patterns. With the demand forecast in hand, the utility compares the combined power-producing capacity of its existing fleet of power plants to its forecast of how much power it will need each year to satisfy future demand. The gap between those numbers tells the utility the quantity of new resources it must procure, and when they must be available. There are a multitude of resource options that utilities can invest in to help fill the gap between their existing supplies and future needs. During the 20th century, utilities relied mainly on hydropower, gas turbines, and
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steam units driven by coal, oil, gas and nuclear energy. Today utilities across the country are increasingly investing in wind turbines, solar technologies, and biomass resources to generate power. Utilities can also develop and administer programs that help households and businesses use energy more efficiently, which can flatten demand growth and reduce the need to invest in new power-generating facilities. All of these resource options and more are at our utilities’ fingertips as they design South Carolina’s future power system. Call it an energy buffet. Each one of these options has its own unique operating characteristics, cost profile, and set of environmental impacts. As part of the IRP process, utilities must properly vet each of these options and typically decide on a combination of several different resources that will complement their existing power systems and fill in their future power needs. For example, a utility needing 1,500 megawatts (MW) of capacity might choose to build an 1,100-MW nuclear reactor, two 100-
Energy MW gas turbines, and implement energy efficiency programs that would reduce energy demand by 200 MW. Or, it could invest in, let’s say, 300 MW of solar, 500 MW of energy efficiency, a 600 MW gas-fired combined cycle facility, and a 100 MW offshore wind farm. As you might imagine, there are technically an infinite number of possible resource combinations that could satisfy a utility’s future demand. The trick is to identify a combination that keeps the lights on and minimizes rate increases to customers, while also safeguarding air and water quality and shielding ratepayers from the risks represented by the market and regulatory wild cards discussed above. No small task, to be sure. Vetting the Candidates
ow do we sift through and evaluate the millions of possible resource combinations? Over the past several decades, utility resource planners have acquired sophisticated computing tools that help them explore how different resource combinations (or “portfolios”) would integrate into their existing systems and impact ratepayers and the environment. Using these tools, utility planners typically assemble several “candidate resource portfolios” that will satisfy customer needs and then evaluate each portfolio’s cost and environmental impact over a multi-decade planning period. In order to do this, the software tools simulate how the power system will operate each hour for the next several decades, taking into account the existing generating units and new resources to be constructed. In order to capture uncertainties in future fuel prices, emissions costs, customer demand, and other factors, this analytical process is modeled many times, so that the performance of each
Duke Energy Carolinas 2012 IRP Portfolio Cost Comparison ($ Billion NPV)
In its 2012 IRP, Duke Energy examined three candidate resource portfolios in detail: one anchored by new combined cycle plants, a second anchored by full ownership of new nuclear units, and a third anchored by partial interests in multiple new nuclear builds. Regardless of the portfolio chosen, larger investments in energy efficiency were found to reduce total costs to customers.
candidate portfolio is tested under a variety of possible future conditions. What the utility’s planning department is left with is a mountain of data that must be organized and reviewed. Ultimately, this data is the basis of a loose roadmap for how the utility will meet future demand for electricity in its service territory. This roadmap is the utility’s IRP. It’s a Process
n IRP is a living, breathing plan that is expected to evolve over time as circumstances change and uncertainties gradually become resolved. Thus, the utility repeats the IRP process each year and refines the plan accordingly. Periodically, the utility will need to move forward with new construction plans or implementation of efficiency programs in order to keep the lights on in our homes and the motors turning in our manufacturing centers. When these moments come,
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the IRP serves as the long-term, systemwide context for considering and executing an individual construction project. Given the myriad uncertainties facing the electric power industry today, integrated resource planning is both more complex and more important than ever before. The S.C. General Assembly recognized the need for integrated resource planning decades ago and codified a requirement that our utilities engage in this analytical process annually. Our state Public Service Commission (PSC), which regulates the rates and investment decisions of our investor-owned utilities, recently acknowledged the value of increased attention and stakeholder involvement in the process by declaring the utility IRP process as an official proceeding into which stakeholders may intervene, and in which the PSC will explicitly determine whether each utility has satisfied the Commission’s IRP requirements.
Energy CCL has partnered with Southern Environment Law Center (SELC) and Southern Alliance Clean Energy (SACE) to comment on utility IRPs in previous years and remains actively engaged in these proceedings before the PSC. Each year, the League files lengthy written responses to the utility IRPs that analyze their content, identify key information gaps, and recommend changes to be implemented in future plans. We have coupled these detailed technical filings with allowable ex parte briefings before the PSC, which provide an opportunity to review our IRP analyses at a high level and respond directly to questions and reactions from the commissioners. Decision Time
he key to good integrated resource planning is to be transparent, thorough, and responsive to stakeholder concerns. Although South Carolina has a solid process in place, there is room for all of our electric utilities to improve in these areas. Transparency, for example, means disclosing the makeup of the candidate resource portfolios examined in the IRP analysis, including those not selected, and providing clear justification for selecting the preferred portfolio based on a comparative review of simulation results. In other words, tell us what your options are and why you choose what you choose. Surprisingly, not all of our utilities do this at present. A thorough IRP analysis is one that examines a diverse variety of candidate resource portfolios, including those that feature aggressive implementation of energy efficiency and increased investment in renewables. Duke Energy, for example, examined a High Energy Efficiency portfolio in its 2012 IRP and estimated it would save customers over $4 billion relative to its preferred plan. Finally, responsiveness entails
The decisions our utilities make in the coming years about how to meet electricity demand and modernize their power systems for the 21st century will largely define the ongoing environmental impacts of S.C.’s power sector as well as the state’s preparedness for an uncertain future.
willingness on the part of the utility to listen to stakeholder concerns, clarify any misunderstandings, and address disagreements openly. Over the years, the relationships CCL and our partners have built with our utilities’ resource planners have given us access to confidential utility modeling data and opportunities to work through our concerns alongside planners in a workshop environment. We have also seen tangible changes to utility IRPs in a response to our input. These are encouraging developments and the League is excited to continue to build on these successes moving forward. Economic development modeling and better risk analysis practices are two additional opportunities to improve integrated resource planning in South Carolina. Clemson University’s Strom Thurmond Institute recently estimated that construction of a large wind farm off the South Carolina coast would create about 4,000 jobs including 700 permanent direct, indirect, and induced jobs after completion. This analysis is
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illustrative of the value of modeling the macroeconomic impacts of resource planning decisions, such as impacts on employment, gross state product, and government revenues. To date, none of our utilities have included these types of analyses in their IRPs. Risk analysis is another critical component of long-term resource planning. We have referenced the proverbial crystal ball, but as we all know there is no way to accurately predict the future. The best we can do is plan so that we get good outcomes no matter what happens. Notably, Santee Cooper’s current IRP projects that its reserve margin will reach 40% within five years, despite the utility’s 15% reserve target. This represents significant excess plant capacity that Santee Cooper is stuck with. Although the Great Recession led to unexpected shortfalls in Santee Cooper’s customer demand, demand forecasts are a universallyrecognized source of uncertainty in resource planning. Effective risk management can minimize the odds of ending up in such a situation, where ratepayers are forced to foot the bill for investments the state does not explicitly need. If utilities take care to transparently examine a diverse array of candidate resource portfolios, implement rigorous risk management practices, and evaluate the macroeconomic impacts of their resource choices, IRP analyses are likely to reveal the prudence of investing in larger shares of efficiency and renewable energy resources. These gradual shifts away from traditional resource options will benefit not just ratepayers via lower, more stable electricity costs, but South Carolinians as a whole via local development of new industries, reduced need to import fuels from other states, and protection of our state’s unique communities, landscape, and wildlife. It all starts with a plan.
Prosperous Lowcountry, Flourishing Planet
Coastal Conservation League 25th Anniversary Conference May 8-9, 2013 • Charleston, SC
“There is no doubt in my mind that the Coastal Conservation League is one of the finest regional environmental groups in the country. I shudder to think what would have happened to the South Carolina coastal plain without its 25 years of vigilant, inspired effort. Now CCL is looking ahead to the next 25 and asking itself what is it going to take to restore and to sustain people and planet in a particular place of great human, cultural, and biological wealth.” –Gus Speth, Author of America the Possible
ver the past quarter century, the Coastal Conservation League and our conservation allies have substantially shaped the future of the South Carolina Lowcountry. We have helped citizens understand the importance of the landscapes that surround us and given them the confidence and the tools to fight for the places we all love. The next 25 years will be even more critical for the Lowcountry. We will discover whether the residents of our region can choose a course that protects and enhances our natural ecosystems and human communities, and whether we will play a positive role in sustaining the global environment. This undertaking demands that we come together as a community to reflect on the past and explore a path forward. Please join us on May 8th and 9th for a conversation about how to achieve the vision of a prosperous Lowcountry and a flourishing planet. During this two-day conference we will be alerted to the status of the world’s environment and we will work together to discover what our role should be in repairing and enhancing it. These two days will reveal the magnitude of the challenges we face and inspire us to act with purpose and conviction. We will confront our moral responsibility to the planet and the future, and learn about the spiritual and religious foundations that have inclined us to protect or abuse nature. We will also explore the critical questions of how our economic systems can better align with the goal of a sustainable planet, and how a more robust democracy can advance conservation. The conference will take place May 8th and 9th at the Francis Marion Hotel in Charleston, South Carolina. For additional information on the speakers and to register for the conference, please visit: www.cclfuture.org.
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25th Anniversary Conference Agenda Tuesday, May 7
7:30 – 9:30
5:00 – 7:00 Welcome Cocktail Reception and Art Exhibit The Halsey Institute of Contemporary Art at the College of Charleston 161 Calhoun Street
Wednesday, May 8
Thursday, May 9
8:00 - 8:30
Registration and Coffee
8:30 - 9:00
Welcome and Introduction Dana Beach, Coastal Conservation League
8:00 - 8:30
8:30 - 10:00 Governance 2.0 – Why our Political and Economic Operating Systems Matter Panelists: Lew Daly, Demos Josh Silver, RepresentUs Moderator: Gus Speth, Vermont School of Law 10:00 – 10:30 Break
9:00 - 10:30 What's Possible? The Big Forces that Will Influence the Future Panelists: David Orr, Oberlin University Steven Rockefeller, Middlebury College Gus Speth, Vermont School of Law Moderator: Dana Beach, Coastal Conservation League 10:30- 11:00
Topic Dinners Around Town Conference participants will be invited to join speakers and panelists at local Charleston restaurants to continue to discuss various topics of interest. Select Restaurants may include: Husk | The Grocery | FIG | The MacIntosh | Hank’s
10:30 – 12:00 An Essential Context: Religion, Spirituality and Ethics Panelists: John Rashford, College of Charleston David Shi, Furman University Mary Evelyn Tucker, Yale University Moderator: Ceara Donnelley, Center for Humans and Nature
11:00 - 12:30 The New Community: Sustainable, Resilient, Equitable Panelists: Steve Nicholas, Institute for Sustainable Communities Will Raap, The Intervale Center Judy Wicks, BALLE Moderator: Elizabeth Hagood, Lowcountry Open Land Trust 12:30 – 2:00 Lunch Featuring remarks by Greg Nickels, Mayor of Seattle 2002-2009
12:00 – 1:30 Lunch Featuring remarks by Drew Westen, author of The Political Brain 1:30 – 3:00 South Carolina: The Path Forward Panelists: Emory Campbell, Gullah Heritage Consulting Service Hamilton Davis, Coastal Conservation League Charles Lane, Ace Basin Task Force Others TBD
2:00 – 3:30 Answering the Climate Crisis Panelists: Bob Inglis, Former US Congressman Robert Perkowitz, ecoAmerica Tom Peterson, Center for Climate Strategies Amy Salzman, New York University School of Law Moderator: Lise VanSustern, The Climate Project
Unless otherwise noted, all conference sessions and events will take place in the Colonial Ballroom of the Francis Marion Hotel.
3:30 – 4:00 Break
For more information and to register, for the conference, please go to
4:00 -5:30 The New Food Chain Panelists: Joan Dye Gussow, Columbia University Wes Jackson, The Land Institute Michel Nischan, Wholesome Wave Moderator: Kim Elliman, Open Space Institute
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What’s New at GrowFood Carolina? Charleston Wine + Food Festival
rowFood Carolina was thrilled to be named as the 2013 Culinary Community Partner at the Charleston Wine + Food Festival! This honor gave us the opportunity to feature GrowFood farmers and produce. We owe big thanks to Millgrove Farms, City Roots, Rebecca Farms, Hudson Family Farm, Halve Ewe Herd, and Brickyard Point Farm for hanging out with us at the GrowFood table and to HUSK, Roti Rolls, Duvall Catering, Food for the Southern Soul and Burwell’s for preparing some of our delicious vegetables to be served to the thousands of Wine + Food Festival connoisseurs. GrowFood General Manager, Sara Clow, had the privilege of MC’ing a cooking demonstration with Michael Anthony from the Gramercy Tavern in New York City and Takashi Yagihahsi from Takashi in Chicago Lisa Jones-Turansky, Carol and Ben Williams featuring GrowFood Carolina kale.
Find the Fork
ave you found the fork? This Spring watch for these and other GrowFood items on local retail shelves and incorporated in many local restaurant menus: strawberries, blueberries, microgreens, bok choy, broccoli, arugula, tatsoi, sweet potatoes and spring onions. For purchase locations, please visit www.growfoodcarolina.com/ where-to-find-it/. GrowFood Carolina is working with the S.C. Department of Agriculture to promote the Fresh on the Menu Program where restaurants commit to having 25% or more of their menu include local produce. Many restaurants in Charleston have said that this goal is much easier thanks to the existence of GrowFood Carolina. Stay tuned for a new mobile app that will help you locate “Fresh on the Menu” establishments, learn about the chefs and farmers, and more! CAROLINA
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GrowFood New Projects Sprouting at GrowFood Carolina Warehouse!
rowFood Carolina makes it easy for Charleston to eat local and support local farmers, but Growfood’s commitment to promoting a local food community extends beyond selling and distributing produce for local farmers. Growfood has partnered with Crop Up, a local consulting practice that focuses on community-based food projects in urban areas, to design the Growfood Carolina Education and Demonstration Garden. Volunteer workshop participants have practiced and learned a diverse array of gardening skills that could be applied in their own gardens. Participants learned how to build raised beds, compost, prepare Libby Smith and Sara Clow irrigation systems,
Elizabeth Beak (seated), Molly McDonald, Jason McDonald, Collin Blake, Libby Smith & Vaughn Spearman.
attract pollinators, and mulch naturally with no digging. They also learned season extension methods and how to diversify production to maximize garden productivity. Some of these methods include: inoculating wood with edible mushroom spores, planting cold and heat tolerant herbs in the garden, growing fruit in small spaces, and turning a raised bed into a greenhouse.
Welcome Andrew Werth
B The Next Generation in Local Food
tudents from Meeting Street Academy will be able to get a hands-on lesson in gardening at the GrowFood Demonstration and Education Garden. This spring will be the pilot season for first graders to come to the warehouse every other week for “garden classes.” If you are involved with a local school whose officials might be interested in using the GrowFood Garden to help children learn about food, please let us know.
orn in Madison, WI, and raised in Little Rock, AR, Andrew graduated from the College of Charleston in 2008 with a degree in Studio Arts and a concentration in sculpture. A lifelong passion for cooking and a curiosity about self-sufficiency took him across the country to work for farms managing CSAs and small livestock in Washington state and North Carolina. Building small farm businesses has increased his passion for local foods, and he has learned how to garden by trial, using The New Organic Grower as his bible. In early 2012, he began planning his own small vegetable farm, Spade and Clover, which is a part of Lowcountry Local First's Dirtworks Incubator Farm at Rosebank Farms on Johns Island. Spade and Clover Gardens is a two-acre diversified flower and vegetable farm that offers a CSA and can be found at the Charleston Farmer's Market. Andrew started selling to GrowFood in February when he had a glut of kale and liked it so much in the warehouse that he asked for a job!
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A Quiet Philanthropist with a Gracious Heart:
Dorothy Duval Brown Smith (April 20, 1930-October 9, 2012)
orothy Smith, more commonly known to friends and family as Dot, was a quiet philanthropist who supported numerous causes, some known only to her. She graciously donated to the League for more than fifteen years. Her support continued even after her death, when we received the largest planned gift donation in CCL history on January 2, 2013. Dot passed away on October 9th, 2012. She grew up loving the beach, boating, and fishing. Throughout her life, Dot enjoyed traveling and outings with friends and family, as well as providing a loving home for her cats. Dot is survived by her sons and their families: Martin Field Smith of Atlanta and his daughter, Elizabeth, of Boston; William Duval Smith and his wife, Bonnie, of Columbia, and their daughter Meredith (and husband David) Gary-Taylor of Columbia, and Richard Marshall Smith and his wife, Novelle, of Columbia; and their daughters, Lisa Attaway of Columbia and Stella of Rock Hill. We hope that Dot inspires you to join CCL’s planned giving society. For questions about planned giving or to become a member of the Coastal Legacy Society, please contact Catherine McCullough at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website at: http://coastalconservationleague.org/ support-us/planned-giving/
Did you know? A bequest can reduce estate taxes for your heirs and enable you to make a more significant gift than you can make during your lifetime. A gift from your trust or your will is for you if: • You want to help ensure the Conservation League’s future, viability and strength. • You want the flexibility of a gift commitment that does not affect your current cash flow.
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COASTAL LEGACY SOCIETY The Coastal Legacy Society honors those who have provided for the Coastal Conservation League through their wills or estate plans. By making a gift to the Coastal Legacy Society, you will join this group of extraordinary individuals in their commitment to protect the Lowcountry for generations. If you are interested in finding out more about naming the Coastal Conservation League in your will or estate plans, please contact Senior Development Officer Catherine McCullough at (843) 725-2066. Anonymous (2) Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Russell and Judith Burns Charlotte Caldwell Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Coffee, Jr. Ms. Marcia Curtis Howard Drew Carol B. Ervin Mrs. Mary C. Everts Dr. Annette G. Godow Janis Hammett and Charles Wegman
Miss Florence E. Goodwin Katherine M. Huger Jane Lareau Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Dr. Thomas R. Mather Miles F. McSweeney Ellen and Mayo Read Mr. Jason A. Schall Cameron and Gus Speth Mr. and Mrs. John J. Tecklenburg George W. Williams
StaffThank and Board You!News Welcome New CCL Staff Abby Rowland, Director of Development
native of San Luis Obispo, CA, Abby joins us as Director of Development with over eight years of experience in nonprofit administration, including grants management, program development and fundraising. She most recently served as the Director of Development for Loma Linda University Children’s Hospital where she grew a strong major gifts program across a system that is donor-driven and relationship-based. Prior to Loma Linda University, Abby oversaw all fundraising opportunities to support programs for underprivileged youth at the Boys & Girls Clubs of Central Oregon as Director of Development. She has also spent time as a grant writer for various Southern California healthcare institutions. Abby holds a B.A. in English Literature from California State University Long Beach. She enjoys traveling, cooking, and spending time outside.
Danner Friedman, Membership Director
anner joined the Coastal Conservation League in 2013 as the Membership Director. He grew up in Beaufort, South Carolina and graduated from the University of Vermont with a B.S. in Natural Resources Planning. After braving the cold North, he worked for five years at the Rainforest Alliance in New York, N.Y. where he managed supply chains of certified-sustainable coffee, tea, and other commodity crops grown around the world and sold in North America. Danner most recently drove across Australia, trekked in New Zealand, biked the Oregon coastline, and journeyed across the US and back, documenting his travels through photography. As a sixth generation South Carolinian, Danner is happy to call the Lowcountry home again.
Anne Peterson Hutto, Government Relations Specialist
nne graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1989 with a BA in Government and International Studies, and from Brooklyn Law School in 1992. She is licensed to practice law in both South Carolina and New York. Anne represented the people of James Island and Folly Beach in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 2008-2010. From 2006 until July 2012, she ran her own law practice, focusing on civil litigation. Since April 2011, Anne has worked as a special Assistant Solicitor in the First Circuit Solicitor's Office. She has resigned that job to join the team at the Coastal Conservation League. Anne is the mother of two children, Matthew, 12, and Adrianne, 10. She is active in Matthew and Adrianne's schools and in her community. She is on the Community Advisory Boards of both Save the Light, Inc. and the Charleston Junior League. She has also been a member of the boards of the Charleston Stage Company and PACT (Parents and Children Together) and served on the Board of Visitors for the Medical University of South Carolina from 2010-2012. In her spare time, Anne enjoys being outdoors camping, hiking, boating and kayaking. She is an avid runner and has run 13 half marathons in seven states.
Anne Peterson Hutto
Erin Eisele, Government Relations Coordinator
rin joined the Conservation League in 2013 after completing a Masters in Food Culture and Communications from the University of Gastronomic Sciences in northern Italy. Originally from Aiken, S.C., Erin graduated from the College of Charleston with a degree in Arts Management. After several years in Washington, DC, working in communications and media relations at the Smithsonian Institution’s Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, she decided to advance her studies. Erin's passion for local food and penchant for culture led her to an institution dedicated to studying the inextricable links between the two. She spent last year tasting and traveling her way through Italy, and returned to S.C. with a renewed enthusiasm to exalt the farmers and world-class cuisine of her own home state. She is currently working to support CCL’s legislative efforts in Columbia. Erin Eisele
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Staff and Board News David Westerlund Joins CCL Board
native of Charleston, David received a BA in Economics from the University of Virginia in 1972 and in 1975 received a law degree from the University of South Carolina School of Law. David retired as Executive Vice President of the Ball Corporation in September 2011, at which time he and his wife, Ann, relocated to Spring Island, SC from Denver, CO. David spent 36 years with Ball Corporation—a supplier of packaging to food, beverage, and household products, customers of aerospace and other technology services primarily to the U.S. government. Over the years David has served on a variety of non-profit boards, including hospital boards in Indiana and Colorado, in addition to Community Foundations, United Way, Junior Achievement, and more. David currently serves on the Board of Xcel Energy, a supplier of electric power and natural gas services in eight western and midwestern states. David also serves on the board of managers of the South Carolina Historical Society. David and his wife, Ann, have been married for 36 years and have two children and six grandchildren.
Welcome Interns Courtney Williams
ourtney Williams began interning with the Coastal Conservation League’s Development Department in January. She has assisted with research, events and various projects for the team. Originally from the small town of Yadkinville in North Carolina, Courtney moved to Charleston to attend college after falling in love with the city. One of the highlights of her college career has been her study abroad experience in Tanzania where she studied Wildlife Management and Conservation with the School for Field Studies. Courtney will graduate this May from the College of Charleston with a BA in Biology and a BS in Sociology. She plans to get her Masters in Environmental Science and hopes her career will allow her to travel to other exciting countries.
ee Farese interned with the League through the spring, and researched, developed, and wrote our excellent new Friends of Charleston Harbor Wildlife website www.charlestonharborwildlife. com (please see back cover for more information). He is currently taking a year off from Colorado College where he’s focusing his studies on Environmental Literature. Lee was born and raised in San Francisco and was introduced to us after his brother, Conner, interned with CCL. Lee is a passionate birder and photographer, and is currently hiking the Appalachian Trail!
ill graduated from Gettysburg College in May 2012 with a Bachelor’s of Science degree in Environmental Science and a Minor in Biology. Within his major, he chose to concentrate his studies in GIS and Landscape Ecology. In the spring of Will’s junior year, he traveled abroad to Grahamstown, South Africa to study Advanced Zoology, Botany, and the art of spontaneous travel. Now graduated and ready for “real life,” Will was accepted as a GIS intern at CCL. c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Best Community Activist 2013 Charleston has voted! Congratulations again, Dana Beach, our inspirational and visionary leader here at CCL. For the 12th time, Dana has been named Charleston City Paper’s “Best Community Activist” because of his nature-inspired passion for conservation and community. CCL sincerely appreciates the support and dedication of all of our many activists whose work is so vital to our quality of life here in Charleston.
Thank You! LIVE OAK SOCIETY Contributions Received from October 15, 2012 - April 15, 2013
The Coastal Conservation League works very hard to ensure that all donor names are listed correctly; however, occasional mistakes do occur. Please contact Database Manager Nora Kravec at (843) 725-2057 with any questions or corrections.
Anonymous (5) Penny and Bill Agnew Judith Haskell Brewer Fund of the Community Foundation Serving Richmond and Central Virginia Frances P. Bunnelle Foundation Ms. Charlotte Caldwell and Mr. Jeffrey Schutz Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cooper Mr. Nathan Berry and Ms. Ceara Donnelley Strachan Donnelley Family Charitable Lead Unitrust Mrs. Vivian Donnelley Butler Conservation Fund, Inc. The Margaret A. Cargill Foundation The Ceres Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Chitty Oliver S. and Jennie R. Donaldson Trust Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation Mr. and Mrs. John O. Downing Mr. Kim Elliman The Energy Foundation Mr. and Mrs. J. Henry Fair, Jr. Dr. Paula Feldman and Mr. Peter Mugglestone The Festoon Foundation, Inc. Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Foundation for the Carolinas The Samuel Freeman Charitable Trust Nancy and Larry Fuller Laura and Steve Gates Mr. Steve Gavel The Grantham Foundation William and Mary Greve Foundation John C. Griswold Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Hale Mr. and Mrs. Peter R. Kellogg Mr and Mrs. Charles G. Lane Mr. and Mrs. Hugh C. Lane, Jr. Mills Bee Lane Foundation Mr. T. Cartter Lupton II Dr. and Mrs. G. Alex Marsh III Merck Family Fund Mertz Gilmore Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank III Mrs. Alexander Moore Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Ms. Justine J. Nathan The Osprey Foundation Dr. and Mrs. John M. Palms Pathfinder Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr. Post and Courier Foundation Dr. and Mrs. John H. Rashford V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation Mr. and Mrs. James H. Rion, Jr. Artie and Lee Richards Steven and Barbara Rockefeller Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors Mr. and Mrs. Richard R. Schmaltz Mr. Jeffrey Schutz and Ms. Charlotte Caldwell
Mrs. Anne Rivers Siddons and Mr. Heyward Siddons Mr. David Siddons Mr. and Mrs. Hilton Smith Ms. Dorothy D. Smith Ms. Elizabeth Smith and Mr. Charlie Sneed Fred and Alice Stanback, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Stevens Ms. Diane D. Terni Mr. Daniel K. Thorne Daniel K. Thorne Foundation, Inc. Gary and Mary Beth Thornhill Tides Foundation Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation Turner Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. James C. Vardell III Dr. Robert Ellis Welch, Jr. Weight Watchers WestWind Foundation Joe and Terry Williams Yawkey Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Zoukis
Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Stevens Jane Smith Turner Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Douglas C. Walker Whole Foods Market
Anonymous Mr. David Anderson John and Jane Beach Mr. John Benton and Mrs. Lee C. Cabaniss Benton Mr. J. Anderson Berly III Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Chitty Mr. and Mrs. William C. Cleveland The Colbert Family Fund of the Coastal Community Foundation Community Foundation of the Lowcountry, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Colbert Sir Peter Crane Ms. Laura Donnelley Mr. and Mrs. P. Steven Dopp Mr. and Mrs. Martin G. Dudley Mr. and Mrs. Berry Edwards James L. Ferguson Fuzzco Mr. and Mrs. S. Parker Gilbert Mr. Brian Gildea Gildea Foundation Linda Ketner Mr. and Mrs. Paul Kimball Klaus T. Said Charitable Lead Annuity Trust Mrs. Frank M. McClain Mr. and Mrs. John E. Masaschi Mr. and Mrs. W. Wallace McDowell, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James R. McNab, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Mitchell, Jr. The Osprey Foundation Mr. and Mrs. John H. Rashford Mr. and Mrs. James H. Rion, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Klaus Said Mr. David Siddons Drs. Ryan and Erin Smith Mr. Brys Stephens
Anonymous (3) Mr. and Mrs. Johnston Adams Anson Restaurant Virginia and Dana Beach Henry M. Blackmer Foundation, Inc Mrs. Margaret N. Blackmer Community Foundation of Greater Chattanooga, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. John Crawford Ms. Connie Darden-Young and Mr. Jesse Colin Young Ms. Jennifer Davis Michael and Megan Desrosiers Ms. Carol Ervin and Mr. Bailey Bolen Ms. Margaret D. Fabri Ms. Martha M. Faucette Mr. and Mrs. Walter L. Foulke Goldman Sachs Philanthropy Fund Ms. Mary Louise Graff Half Moon Outfitters Katharine and Winslow Hastie Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Hawkins Mr. David O. Haythe Mr. William L. Hiott, Jr. Holly H. Hook and Dennis A. Glaves Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Ilderton Mr. and Mrs. John Philip Kassebaum Bob and Jackie Lane Scott and Gayle Lane Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Leath, Jr. Charlie and Sally Lee Dr. Suzanne Lindsay and Mr. Bruce Lindsay The Suzanne and Bruce Lindsay Charitable Foundation Mrs. Janine Luke Magnolia Plantation Foundation Drs. John and Siobhan Maize Mr. and Mrs. Charles K. Marshall Dr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Mather Mr. and Mrs. Irenee duPont May Mr. and Mrs. Francis X. McCann Mrs. John L. McCormick Mr. and Mrs. James O. Mills Morning Sun Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Alan A. Moses Mr. Arnold Nemirow Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Parks Mr. Guy Paschal Patagonia, Inc Charles and Celeste Patrick Mr. and Mrs. David Paynter Dr. Fred Pittman Ms. Joan Pittman Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost Mrs. Charles D. Ravenel Price R. and Flora H. Reid Foundation Renaissance Charitable Foundation, Inc.
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Grace Jones Richardson Trust David W. and Susan G. Robinson Foundation Mrs. Susan Robinson Mr. Robert P. Schofield III Mr. and Mrs. Martin G. Skelly Dr. James G. Simpson Ms. Kaye Smith Ms. Martha Jane Soltow Mr. and Mrs. T. Paul Strickler William and Shanna Sullivan The Sunshine Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Jan S. Suwinski Mr. and Mrs. Jacques S. Theriot Mr. John Thompson and Ms. Julia Forster Gary and Mary Beth Thornhill Mr. and Mrs. C. Daniel Tyree Vangaurd Charitable Endowment Program Susan and Trenholm Walker Dr. Louis Wright and Ms. Patricia Giddens Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Wyrick, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Stephen J. Ziff Ziff Proporties Charleston
Anonymous (3) Ms. Carrie Agnew Mr. J. Marshall Allen Mr. and Mrs. Richard Almeida Mr. J. Randolph Pelzer Mr. and Mrs. William E. Applegate IV Drs. T. Brantley and Penny Arnau Mr. and Mrs Dennis Baer Chuck and Betsy Baker Mr. and Mrs. William R. Barrett, Jr. Mrs. Ann R. Baruch Blackbaud, Inc. Blackwater, LLC Mr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Blagden, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel W. Boone III Dr. Eloise Bradham and Dr. Mark George Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Brumley Mr. and Mrs. Jack Burnett Mr. and Mrs. Robert Burt Dr. and Mrs. Robert W. Cain Mr. and Mrs. Leigh Carter The Cecil Family Mr. and Mrs. Arnold B. Chace, Jr. Central Carolina Community Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Childs Mr. Elliott S. Close Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Coen Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey A. Croft Dr. and Mrs. Richard L. Cross Dr. and Mrs. William F. Crosswell Wade Crow Engineering Mr. and Mrs. Michael F. Daly Mr. Chris Davis Ms. Linda Demmer Mr. Eric Dodson Mr. F. Reed Dulany, Jr. Ms. Margaret D. Fabri Mrs. Harriott H. Faucette Mr. H. McDonald Felder
Live Oak Society
Thank You! Mrs. Susan Romaine Bob Rymer and Catherine Anne Walsh Schwab Charitable Fund Mr. and Mrs. C. Troy Shaver, Jr. Dr. David Shi Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Simmons, Jr. Mr. T. Grange Simons V Mr. Matt Sloan Harriett and Dick Smartt Southern States Educational Foundation Inc. Mr. and Mrs. James G. Speth Ms. Patricia Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Tenney HL Thompson Jr Family Foundation Mr. Michael P. Thornton Mr. John H. Tiencken, Jr. TSC Foundation, Inc. The U.S. Charitable Gift Trust Tom Uffelman and Patty Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Greg VanDerwerker Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Vortex Foundation Wade Crow Engineering Sally Webb Ms. Sheila Wertimer and Mr. Gary Gruca Mr. and Mrs. Frederick H. West Dr. and Mrs. Tad Whiteside Ms. Walda Wildman and Mr. Mack Maguire Winfield Foundation Mr. and Mrs. John Winthrop Dr. W. Curtis Worthington, Jr. Ms. Martha C. Worthy Mr. and Mrs. Lance B. Wyatt
Anonymous (2) Richard and Tannis Alkire Mr. and Mrs. Brady Anderson Mr. Reed S. Armstrong Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr. The Ayco Charitable Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Baer Chuck and Betsy Baker Dr. Randy Basinger and Ms. Louise Burpee Mr. and Mrs. Gifford Beaton Mrs. Katrina Becker Mr. and Mrs. Colin C. Bentley Ms. Christine Bogrette Cecil and Barrie Bozard Ms. Amy Bunting Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Foundation Mr. and Mrs. John T. Cahill Mr. William Campbell and Ms. Susan Hilfer Mr. R. R. M. Carpenter Dr. and Mrs.William C. Carter III Nancy and Billy Cave Mrs. Ann Rodgers Chandler Mr. Richard C. Clow Community Foundation of Greenville, Inc. Ms. Catherine Craven Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Crawford Mr. and Mrs. David A. Creech Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Creed Nancy and Steve Cregg Mr. James W. Cummings Mr. and Mrs. James Cunningham Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Cunningham Ms. Judy Cunningham Mr. and Mrs. Colin Cuskley Jane Tucker Dana and David D. Aufhauser Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth P. Daniels Mr. R. Gordon Darby Mrs. Blair Bunting Darnell Mrs. Emily Darnell-Nunez
Mrs. Palmer Davenport Mr. and Mrs. Emmett I. Davis, Jr. Mr. and Mrs F. Garey De Angelis Curtis and Arianna Derrick Mr. Christopher DeScherer and Ms. Amanda Honeycutt Mr. and Mrs. Peter B. Dodds Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. P. Duell Michael and Anna Eddy Mr. and Mrs. Howard D. Edwards Mr. D. Reid Ellis Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Ellison II Mark and Kay Ethridge Ms. Nina M. Fair Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Fishburne, Jr. Ms. Cindy Floyd and Mr. Pete Laurie Ms. Catherine H. Forrester Dr. Sandra L. Fowler Mr. and Mrs. Harold F. Gallivan III Alison and Arthur Geer Mr. and Mrs. James R. Gilreath Dr. Annette G. Godow Mary Jane Gorman Dr. and Ms. Gene W. Grace Dr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Greenberg Ms. Kay Grinnell Dr. Angela Halfacre Ms. Mary E. S. Hanahan Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Hanlin Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Happe Dr. Kit M. Hargrove Ms. Katharine M. Hartley Ms. Sherrerd Hartness Whitney and Elizabeth Hatch Mr. and Mrs. Oliver R. Head, Jr. Mr. Fred B. Herrmann Mr. Edwin Hettinger and Ms. Beverly Diamond Mr. and Ms. John A. Hill Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Hoffius Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Horlbeck Mr. and Mrs. David L. Huguenin Mr. Richard W. Hutson, Jr. Mr. Roger White and Dr. Deanna Jackson Ms. Anne F. Jennings Ms. May Jones Dr. and Mrs. Todd P. Joye Mr. F. Kimball Joyner and Mr. Derek Riggs Mr. and Mrs. James J. Kerr Mr. and Mrs. George C. Kosko Mr. Mike Landrum and Ms. Brenda Smith Dr. and Mrs. Wood N. Lay Mr. and Mrs. Douglas B. Lee Patricia Lessane Mr. Reynold Levy Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Endowment Mr. Justin O'Toole Lucey, P.A. David Lyle and Anne Aaron-Lyle Dr. and Mrs. Michael A. Maginnis Dr. and Mrs. John C. Maize Mrs. Patti Manigault Dr. and Mrs. Brem Mayer Mr. Malcolm McAlpin Goffinet and Ian McLaren Dr. and Mrs. Keith Merrill Mr. and Mrs. Roger F. Meyer Mrs. Payne Middleton Kincaid and Allison Mills Mr. and Mrs. John M. Mirsky Sally H. Mitchell Russell E. and Elizabeth W. Morgan Foundation Ms. Martha Morgan Mr. and Mrs. M. Lane Morrison Mr. and Mrs. Kelly Murphy
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Dudley and Ann Myers Mr. and Mrs. Eric H. Nelson Mr. and Mrs. William D. Nettles, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Alan I. Nussbaum Mrs. Elizabeth B. O'Connor Dr. William F. O'Dell Dr. Patrick M. O'Neil Ms. Ellen P. Oblow Mrs. Pamela Oliver Dr. and Mrs. J. David Osguthorpe Mr. and Mrs. Coleman C. Owens Mrs. D. Williams Parker Dr. and Mrs. B. Daniel Paysinger The Pittsburgh Foundation Ms. Cynthia Swanson Powell Ms. Whitney Powers Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey K. Richards Mr. and Mrs. William R. Richardson, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. H. Douglas Robertson Mr. Jan Roosenburg and Ms. Nina Rumbaugh Dr. Abigail Ryan Mr. Hal Currey and Ms. Margaret Schachte Mrs. Kate Parks Schaefer Mr. and Mrs. Edwin F. Scheetz, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Louis A. Schmitt, Jr. Dickie and Mary Schweers Dr. and Mrs. Gerald J. Shealy Dr. and Mrs. William M. Simpson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Huger Sinkler II Dr. Cynthia P. Smith Mr. W. Thomas Smith, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Mark G. Solow Mr. Thornwell Sowell Dr. and Mrs. James Stephenson Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Stoothoff Mr. and Mrs. Louis E. Storen Susan and James Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. W. Charles Sullivan Ms. Patricia Sullivan Charles and Jo Summerall Ms. Bailey W. Symington Mr. and Mrs. Clyde W. Timmons United Way of the Piedmont Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan G. Verity Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Voight Susan and Trenholm Walker Mr. and Mrs. Norman Walsh Elizabeth B. Warren Dr. and Mrs. James D. Wells Dr. and Mrs. George W. Williams Jeremy and Lisa Willits
Live Oak Society
Mr. and Mrs. Peter Feldman Mr. and Mrs George W. Fennell C.W. Fetter Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Dr. and Mrs. Philip A. Finley Mr. and Mrs. H. Charles Ford Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence T. Foster Mr. Robert W. Foster, Sr. Francis Marion Hotel LP Mr. and Mrs. George C. Francisco IV Dorothea and Peter Frank Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Freeman Mr. and Mrs. Dave Gabriel Mrs. Dallas L. Garbee Mr. and Mrs. E. Stack Gately Drs. Andrew Geer and Susan Moore Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer Mr. and Mrs. George W. Gephart, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Ed Harley Mr. and Mrs. Robert K. Higgins, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. R. Glenn Hilliard James and Margaret Hoffman Mr. J. W. F. Holliday Holly Houghton and David Walker Mr. and Mrs. David C. House Mr. and Mrs. John Huey, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Orton P. Jackson III Ms. Holly R. Jensen Mrs. Denise John Mr. and Mrs. George P. Johnston Ms. Jill Kammermeyer and Mr. Robert Hochstetler Dr. William Kee and Dr. Franklin Lee Dr. and Mrs. John J. Keyser Mr. William D. Keyserling and Family Mr. and Mrs. James E. Kistler Mr. and Mrs. Roy F. Laney Mr. David Lansbury Dr. Diane D. Lauritsen Mr. and Mrs. Clarence W. Legerton III Kathie Livingston Mr. Lorcan Lucey Lucey Mortgage Corporation Mike and JoAnne Marcell Market Street Trust Company Dr. John Mattheis Mr. and Mrs. David Maybank, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Franklin McCann Mr. George McCoy Ms. Jamie Young McCulloch Catherine and Clay McCullough Mrs. Harriet P. McDougal Mr. Charles A. McLendon, Jr. John F. & Susan B. McNamara Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. Michael G. McShane Ms. Georgia Meagher Mr. Marty Morganello Mr. Hugh Comer Morrison Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Nolan Ms. Elizabeth F. Orser Outside Hilton Head Mr. Mike Overton Plantation Services, Inc. Mr. Harry Polychron Mr. and Mrs. Gary P. Quigley Mr. and Mrs. Brooks Quinn Dr. George Rabb Mrs. Mary S. Rabb Mr. Richard Rainaldi and Ms. Martha Records Mr. and Mrs. S. Kim Reed Mr. John M. Rivers, Jr. John M. Rivers, Jr. Foundation, Inc. Dr. Georgia C. Roane
Thank You! NEW AND RENEWING MEMBERSHIPS August 15, 2012 â€“ April Advocate $250 Anonymous (2) Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Abrams Mr. and Mrs. Harold H. Adams, Jr. Ms. Kate Adams and Mr. Robert Sudderth Thomas D. W. Hutto Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arnoff Bob and Jane Avinger Mr. Leslie L. Bateson Dr. Richard L. Beck Bill and Ellen Bell Edward and Adelaida Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Philip J. Bergan Mr. Rhett S. Bickley Mr. John C. Bigler Ms. Donna Billings and Mr. Dennis White Dr. Nadia Blanchet and Dr. Kent Rollins Mr. and Mrs. J. Sidney Boone, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Livio Borghese Mrs. June K. Carney Mr. Ed Carraway Mr. and Mrs. T. Heyward Carter, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. William C. Carter III Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Cooley Mr. and Mrs. Nigel W. Cooper Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Corning Mr. and Mrs. Robert R. Cox, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Brian G. Cuddy Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Cutler, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James K. Dias Mr. Tucker Fisher Dana Ms. Rebecca R. Davenport Mr. John G. Davis Ms. Ann W. Dibble Mr. and Mrs. Richard W. Drummond Mrs. Carolyn Ellis Drs. Douglas and Diane Ervin Mr. and Mrs. Wayne R. Fanning Mary Fleming Finlay Rev. Rodney Foster and Rev. Jody Foster Mr. and Mrs. W. Foster Gaillard Mr. and Mrs. Karl Gedge Mr. Andrew Geer Mr. and Mrs. George R. Geer, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James T. Gettys III Dr. and Mrs. Benjamin M. Gimarc Mr. and Mrs. D. Maybank Hagood Dr. Thomas Gross and Mrs. Susan Hamilton Bill and Eleanor Hare Ms. Joy D. Hawkins Dr. Ernest L. Helms III Mr. Charles W. High Hilton Head Island Audubon Society Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. Holleman III Dr. Bill Holt Mr. and Mrs. Travis Howell Dr. Joseph M. Jenrette III Mr. and Mrs. Tapley O. Johnson, Jr. Mrs. Peggy Hendricks Jones Dr. and Mrs. Robert M. Jones Mr. and Mrs. Glenn F. Keyes Ms. Susan Kilpatrick and Mr. Charles Norris Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr Ms. Susan Kruetzer Mr. and Mrs. John Kwist Melissa and Michael Ladd Jonathan Lamb Mr. and Mrs. W.B. Chisolm Leonard Mr. and Mrs. Edward H. Lesesne, Jr. Gordon and Judy Levering Mr. and Mrs. Fulton D. Lewis, Jr. Gordon and Catherine Locatis Jessica Loring Mr. and Mrs. William C. Lortz Mr. and Mrs. Martin E. Lybecker Timothy J. Lyons, M.D. Ms. Jean Elliott Manning Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Mark Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Marshburn Mr. Mark J. Martin Stuart and Sarah McDaniel Mr. and Mrs. John Gregg McMaster III Mr. and Mrs. Dexter C. Mead The Nelson Mead Fund Mr. Charles E. Menefee, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Michaud Mr. and Mrs. John A. Mills III Mr. and Mrs. Edmond N. Moriarty III Mr. and Mrs. Robert Nevin Ms. Conyers Norwood
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Kennedy Mr. Joseph F. Whetstone Dr. Hugh H. Dubose Randy and Jan Kienstra Lynn White and Mary Bradford-White Ms. S. Kimble Duckworth Mr. J. Mike King Mr. and Mrs. D. Mark Wilson Dr. William E. Dufford Mr. and Mrs. Mark W. Kinzer Mr. David Whitten and Ms. Geri Scheller Mr. and Mrs. Anton DuMars Marty and Julie Klaper Dr. Dara H. Wilber Mr. Steven Eames Mr. Austin V. Koenen, Jr. Mr. Julian Wiles and Ms. Jenny Hane Caroline Eastman Dr. and Mrs. Andrew S. Kraft Dr. and Mrs. Charles A. Wilfong Mr. W. L. Edwards Dr. and Mrs. William C. Wilson, Sr. Sheri Elliott Ms. Nancy M. Kreml Eleanor Kubeck Mr. Calhoun Witham Dr. William Ellison, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John R. Kuhn Drs. Jean and Charles Everett Dr. and Mrs. Seth P. Kupferman Contributor $100 Ms. Phyllis W. Ewing Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln F. Ladd Anonymous Mr. Randell Ewing Ms. Becky Lafitte Ms. Julie W. Acker Dr. and Mrs. F. Strait Fairey, Jr. Drs. David and Marilyn Larach Dr. and Mrs. Dennis M. Allen Mrs. Theodora L. Feldberg Ms. Jane E. Lareau Dr. and Mrs. Scott H. Allen Mr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Feldman Mr. and Mrs. William E. Latture Dr. and Mrs. William B. Allen Mr. and Mrs. Helmut H. Fiedler Mr. and Mrs. James B. Lau Mr. David W. Ames Dr. and Mrs. Gary E. Fink Mrs. Alice Levkoff Mr. and Mrs. W. Swinton Anderson Mr. and Mrs. John R. Fisk Mr. and Mrs. Richards C. Lewis, Jr. Ms. Jill Armbruster Dr. Lewis Fitch Mr. Julien E. Libaire Pam and Glenn Ashley Ms. Angie C. Flanagan Mr. Jack Limehouse Ms. Cynthia Aulbach Ms. Madilyn Fletcher, Ph.D. Mr. and Mrs. John M. Loftis Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Baas Mr. and Mrs. Kevin Flynn Mr. and Mrs. Wade H. Logan III Mr. and Mrs. Demetri Baches Mr. and Mrs. John W. Foltz Mr. Wade H. Logan IV Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Bainbridge Mr. Charles E. Foster Mr. and Mrs. William S. Logan Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Baird Ms. Mary Edna Fraser and Dr. John Sperry Ms. Patricia O. Lowry Dr. and Mrs. J. Gilbert Baldwin, Jr. Mr. Robert D. Fray Doug and Thea Luba Mrs. Mary L. Ballou Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. 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Thank You! Mrs. Jean F. Moody Ms. Yarley R. Steedly Mr. and Mrs. Wesley L. Moore III Dr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Steele Mr. and Mrs. Arthur S. Morgenstern Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan M. Stein Mr. and Mrs. William M. Morrison, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John C. Stevens III Mr. and Mrs. John Muench Mr. and Mrs. Marshall C. Stone, Jr. Malcolm and Priscilla Munson Mr. and Mrs. Dave Stormer Mr. and Mrs. C. Lawrence Murphy Mr. and Mrs. John J. Stuart Mr. and Mrs. Daniel J. Murphy Mr. and Mrs. John P. Sullivan III Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Murphy Mr. and Mrs. Dean E. Swanson Mrs. Thomas E. Myers Mr. Elliott Sweet, M.D. Carolyn Nance and Gary Dietrich Dr. and Mrs. Edmund R. Taylor Sally and John Newell Drs. George and Carol Tempel Ms. Sally C. Newman Louis and Jane Theiling Mr. Bruce Newton and Ms. Judy Dr. and Mrs. William Bonner Thomason Sperling-Newton Mr. and Mrs. Phillip R. Thornton Ms. Susan B. Norton Mr. and Mrs. Louis C. Tisdale, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. W. Eugene Notz Mr. Nick Treseder Ms. Margaret O'Brien Mark and Lisa Turansky Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Orr Cathy Lynn Ulber Dr. and Mrs. Granger C. Osborne Drs. Michael and Karen Ullian Dr. and Mrs. Robert S. Ottinger Dr. and Mrs. Ambrose G. Updegraff Mr. and Mrs. Steven W. Ouzts Joan and Martin Ustin Mr. and Mrs. David J. Painter Mr. and Mrs. Nicolaas J. Van Vliet Mr. and Mrs. A. Nicholas Papadea Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Von Ende Mr. and Mrs. Andy F. Parker Dr. and Mrs. John N. Vournakis Mrs. Eleanor H. Parker Mr. David J. Waldron Mr. and Mrs. W. Scott Parker Mr. Bradford Walker Mr. Roger F. Pasquier Mr. and Mrs. David C. Walker Erin Hardwick Pate Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Walle Mrs. Leslie Pearson John and Caroline Warren Mr. and Mrs. William F. Pennebaker Dr. Sheryn Waterman Dr. Michael M. Perkins Mr. and Mrs. John Waters Mr. and Mrs. Martin Perlmutter Nancy Waters Jennie Peze Mr. and Mrs. Samuel D. Watson, Jr. Mrs. Ansara Piebenga Sam and Cindy Watson Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Pinckney II Ms. Elizabeth D. Watson V. Adm. Douglas C. Plate Mr. and Mrs. William M. Webster III Dr. and Mrs. T. C. Player, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Timothy H. West Mr. John T. Poole Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Westbrook Mr. and Mrs. William L. Pope Mr. Harold L. Westley Angel Passailaigue Postell Ms. Megan Westmeyer Dr. and Mrs. Jan H. Postma, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. White Mr. Norris Preyer and Dr. Lucy Preyer Mrs. Mary Theresa Wightman Mr. and Mrs. John J. Pringle Doris C. Williams Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt Pringle, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. H. Oliver Williamson Dr. and Mrs. William H. Prioleau, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. T. Bright Williamson Mr. and Mrs. James M. Prutting Mr. W. Chisolm Wilson Mr. and Mrs. Tarrant Putnam Mrs. Heather A. Wilson Mr. Brady Quirk-Garvin Dr. and Mrs. John W. Wilson, Jr. Mr. Kyle Rabe Dr. and Mrs. Stanley M. Wilson Ms. Cheryl Randall Mrs. Elizabeth J. Witham Mr. John W. Ray Mrs. Johnnie L. Witt Mr. and Mrs. I. Mayo Read, Jr. Ms. Patricia Wolman Drs. Eleanor and Adrian Reuben Capt. and Mrs. Richard T. Wright Mr. and Mrs. David Rice Dr. and Mrs. Frank J. Wyman Mr. Leon L. Rice III Mr. and Mrs. Charles Yorke Ms. Mary B. Rice-Whittemore Mr. and Mrs. J. Rutledge Young, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. William R. Richardson Mr. Simpson J. Zimmerman, Jr. Mr. Frederick W. Riesen, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick M. Zinser, Jr. Mrs. Anne M. Roberts Mr. and Mrs. Dieter zur Loye Mr. Michael Roberts Dr. Richard F. Robinson Supporter $50 Ms. Mary L. Roe Anonymous (2) Mr. and Mrs. Randy R. Romberger Mr. and Mrs. Roger Ackerman Mr. William E. Roschen Mr. and Mrs. Charles Agee Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Rosengarten Dr. and Mrs. K. Eric Anderson Mr. J. W. Rutter Dr. and Mrs. William D. Anderson, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Mark H. Salley Dr. David M. Andrews Mr. Frank Sagendorph and Ms. Judith Mr. Peter Robbins Anne Berger Mr. William F. Aull Hannah Salters Mr. Joseph Azar Ms. Dorothy M. Sanders Dr. Thomas M. Badgett Dr. and Mrs. Frank M. Sawyer Mr. and Mrs. Ronald J. Barton Mr. and Mrs. Daniel K. Schiffer Mr. John Batson Mr. Gerald H. Schulze Mrs. Sheila L. Beardsley Dr. and Mrs. Scott C. Shaffer Mr. and Mrs. Karl M. Becker Mr. and Mrs. Norman C. Sharp Ms. Helen Belencan and Mr. Gary Smith Mr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Sheldon Dr. and Mrs. Norman H. Bell Mr. and Mrs. Brendan Silver Mr. and Mrs. Craig M. Bennett, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Jack W. Simmons, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Dennis O. Bernard Mr. Lawrence J. Simon Mr. and Mrs. Travis L. Bianchi Philip and Jane Sine Ms. Cameron Blazer Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Skahill Mr. H. E. Bonnoitt, Jr. Mr. Mark Sloan and Ms. Michelle Van Parys Mr. Thomas Bresnick Mrs. Betty Anglin Smith Ms. Patsy S. Brewer Ms. Donna K. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Eric Brown Mr. and Mrs. Gerald F. Smith Ms. Gail Brownlee The Honorable and Mrs. Gerald M. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Samuel D. Brownlee, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Park B. Smith, Jr. Mrs. Georgia Burson Mr. and Mrs. Shawn K. Smith Mr. Elwyn Cahaly Mr. Harry F. Smithson Ms. Angie Y. Calhoun Mr. and Mrs. George Smyth, Jr. Mr. Samuel C. Carlton Starr and Phil Snead Chris Carnevale Mr. and Mrs. James G Speth Ms. Cornelia Carrier Mr. and Mrs. E.H. Stanley, Jr. Ms. Margaret H. Carter
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Nelson Chandler Mr. Ronald H. Charron Mr. John F. Chilton IV Mr. and Mrs. Hunter L. Clarkson Mr. and Mrs. Ronald E. Claypool Juliet and Jeffrey Cohen Mr. and Mrs. Michael F. Compton Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Cook, Sr. Mrs. Drucilla C. Copeland David and Sandy Cowen Rhae C. Cribb Ms. Margaret A. Cromwell Dr. and Mrs. Ronald J. Curtis Mrs. Jeanne F. Dalton Sterling Davenport Mr. Reggie F. Daves Miss Kathy Davis Mr. and Mrs. P. Michael Davis Mr. and Mrs. Robert J. Dehoney Ms. June N. Derrick Mr. and Mrs. Gerard P. Dionne Ms. Carol Donnelly Mrs. Barbara J. Doyle Mr. Richard E. Driggers Mr. Joe Dukes Mr. Henry Dunbar and Mrs. Katherine Dunbar Ms. Lynn Eastwood Mr. and Mrs. Allen W. Edgerton Ms. Pamela J. Edwards Dr. Leon M. Ember Mr. Christopher Ewald and Ms. Ann Gregory Kelly Mr. and Mrs. Blaine Ewing III Mr. and Mrs. John L. Faucette Mr. and Mrs. Dwight Fee Mrs. Deborah B. Fenn Mr. Frederick N. Ferguson Mrs. Dorothy Fetters Mr. and Mrs. William Firth Mrs. Ellen Forwalk Ms. Elizabeth Franchini Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Fraser III Mrs. Janet M. Fryman Davis Ms. Ann L. Furr Mrs. Letitia Galbraith Mr. and Mrs. Donald A. Gibson Tom and Sally Gillespie Dr. and Mrs. Fritz Gitter Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Goldstein Mr. and Mrs. Jay S. Goodman Mr. and Mrs. Melvin H. Goodwin Lee and Jennifer Grayson Marian Greely Ms. Stephanie H. Green Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Grochowski Mr. Barry L. Hainer Mr. and Mrs. J. William Haltiwanger Mrs. Shirene Hansotia Mr. Gerald Haram and Ms. Barbara Gould Mr. J. Smith Harrison, Jr. Mrs. V. M. Haselden Mr. and Mrs. Marc Hehn Mr. and Mrs. William C. Helms III Mr. and Mrs. Dean J. Hewitt Mr. Austin Hipp Mr. J. B. Hines III Mr. and Mrs. Gary M. Hook Mr. John R. Hope Mrs. June C. Hora Mr. David Hubble Brad Huber Col. and Mrs. Perry A. Hudel Ms. Dorothy R. Huggins Ms. Rosemary Huhn Ms. Bonnie L. Ideal Mrs. Elizabeth Ilderton Mr. Bo Ives Ms. Kathy A. Jackson Pamela Jacobs Dr. and Mrs. Eric R. James Dr. Robert L. Janiskee Mr. and Mrs. Edgar S. Jaycocks, Jr. Mr. David B. Jennings Mr. Dan M. Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Champ Jones, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. George W. Jones Mr. Guy Jones Mr. Philip H. Jos Mr. and Mrs. William J. Kennedy Mr. and Mrs. Edward L. Killin Ms. Joan Kinne Mr. and Mrs. Randolph W. Kirkland Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. Knight Mr. Michael Kohl and Dr. Jane McLamarrah Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Kohler Mr. Wayne Koon
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Mr. and Mrs. William Korb Mr. Chris Kouri Ms. Catherine Ksenzak Mr. Dennis A. Laabs Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Lambert Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Laney IV Ms. Tori G. Langen Ms. Paula A. Lareau Ms. Marion F. Leach Mrs. Angela E. Lee Ms. Caroline W. Lee Ms. Carolyn D. Lee Drs. John and Lynda Leffler The Honorable Phil P. Leventis Ms. Peggy Lewis Dr. Susan Libes Mr. Matthew Lockhart Marilyn H. Long Mrs. Ingrid Low Andrea Malloy Mr. John Manuel Mrs. Carol Martig Ms. Linda R. Mason Mrs. Robert Matthew Mrs. Linda Mayo-Perez Mrs. Cynthia C. McArthur Mrs. Helen M. McCarthy Mr. James O. McClellan III Mr. David B. McCormack Christe McCoy-Lawrence Ms. Harriette McCrea Ms. Charlotte M. McCreary Pat F. and Suzanne C. McGarity Mr. Irwin McIntosh Mr. Rod McIver Dr. Phoebe A. McLeod Mr. and Mrs. Carl R. Miller Ms. Dolores J. Miller Ms. Tommie F. Moody Dr. Richard Moore and Ms. M. Robin Morris Mr. and Mrs. Thomas C Moorer, Jr. Ms. Allison Elise Morrison Dr. Maxwell R. Mowry Eisuke and Daryll Murono Mrs. Maureen Myers Drs. James and Noreen Nelson Mr. Robert F. Neville Mr. and Mrs. William S. Newby Mrs. Phillis Newman Mr. and Mrs. John Nichols Ms. Brenda S. O'Shields Mr. and Mrs. D. Henry Ohlandt Geno and Mel Olmi Ms. Jean L. Osborne R. D. Oswald Dr. Jeanne Owen Chris Owens Mrs. Anne V. Padgett Mrs. Jane M. Padgett Mr. and Mrs. Michael A. Pagnotta Mr. George G.L. Palmer Mr. and Mrs. Milton Parker III Mr. Samuel P. Parker, Jr. Mr. Hayes H. Patterson, Jr. Mrs. Margaret B. Peck Mr. David M. Peckman Mr. William H. Pell Mr. and Mrs. David Peterson Mr. and Mrs. Hunter R. Pettus, Jr. Mr. Michael Porter Ms. Susan Priester Mr. and Mrs. Gregory Przybysz Mr. and Mrs. Norman F. Pulliam Mrs. Alberta Quattlebaum Dr. and Mrs. W. Alan Randolph Ms. Marjorie Rath and Mr. David Bachman Ms. Suzanne C. Ravenel Mr. and Mrs. Theodore H. Reading II Mr. and Mrs. William A. Rice Dr. Katy Richardson Mr. Terry E. Richardson, Jr. Ms. Mary P. Riley Ms. Beverly Rivers Katherine and Morris Roberts Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Roberts Dr. and Mrs. Samuel H. Rosen Mr. and Mrs. Alwyn Rougier-Chapman Mr. and Mrs. James P. Rush Ms. Felicia J. Sanders Ms. Melinda Scharstein Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Schwenzfeier Dr. James D. Scurry Ms. Cynthia Seabrook Mr. Ronald Sebeczek Dr. and Mrs. Harry E. Shealy, Jr.
QOL Ms. Marie Wiley Austin Mr. and Mrs. Demetri Baches Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Baker Ms. Janie Ball Mr. John Benton and Mrs. Lee C. Cabaniss Benton Mr. Nathan Berry and Ms. Ceara Donnelley Mr. Peter H. Brown Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Burtschy Mr. Dick Casey Mr. and Mrs. Trey Chakides Ms. Ann P. Chandler Mr. Charles G. Claus Will Cleveland Dr. and Mrs. Richard Clinton Ms. Sara Clow William and Lucile Cogswell Mr. Charles Cole Mr. and Mrs. William W. Conde III Ginny Lomel Conlon Ms. Margaret Cook Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cooper Mr. and Mrs. Paul A. Cooper II Mr. and Mrs. David Couey Ms. Catherine Craven Ms. Wendy Crisp Jennifer Dare Mr. Anthony Del Porto and Ms. Gervais Hagerty Mr. Christopher DeScherer and Ms. Amanda Honeycutt Michael and Megan Desrosiers Mr. and Mrs. Dave DiBenedetto Ms. Elizabeth Dickinson Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Donovan Mr. and Mrs. John Dunnan Mr. Steven Eames Mr. and Mrs. John Emrick Ms. Carol Ervin and Mr. Bailey Bolen Mr. and Mrs. John S. Evans, Jr.
Mr. Jon Shealy The Honorable and Mrs. Vincent A. Sheheen Dr. Judy A. Shillito Mr. and Mrs. Ernest J. Sifford, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James Silvers, Sr. Mrs. Katherine Silvia Ms. Meredith Daniel Sims Mr. and Mrs. Elliott M. Skidmore Dr. and Mrs. C. D. Smith III Mr. Eric Smith and Mrs. Cynthia Holding-Smith Ms. Lillian Ann H. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Michael T. Smith Copley Smoak Dr. and Mrs. Paul M. Smolen Dr. and Mrs. James F. Snyder Mr. Andrew H. Sohor Mr. and Mrs. D. Paul Sommerville Juliana Staveley-O'Carroll Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Stephan, Jr. Dr. Faye B. Steuer Dr. Elva C. Stinson Mr. Ben Stoudenmire Mr. and Mrs. Jon Stuckey Mr. Jack C. Thames Mr. Russell E. Thompson Mr. and Mrs. Robert Trussler Ms. Sally Tuten and Mr. Y. S. Linder Denise A. Underwood Ms. Eleanne D. Van Vliet Mr. Daniel G. Vara Mr. James T. Vaughn Mr. and Mrs. Maurice K. Veronee Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Verville Mrs. Edward Vought Ms. Virginia E. Wagner Mrs. William Walker Ms. Elise Wallace Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Watson Mr. David E. Watts III Mr. Whitfield Wharton Mr. and Mrs. Lynn Wiedeke Mr. Ernest J. Williams, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James M. Williams Dr. and Mrs. T.D. Williams III Dr. David Wishart and Dr. Josephine Wilson Ms. Laura S. Witham
Mrs. Caroline P. Fitzgerald Mr. and Mrs. Todd Flohr Mr. and Mrs. Kevin Flynn Mark and Julie Frye Mr. and Mrs. Wes Fuller Fuzzco Ms. Mary L. Gaillard Ms. Mary Gatch Alison and Arthur Geer Mr. Andrew Geer Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Brantley Gray Mr. and Mrs. James S. Gray Ms. Jennifer Green Mr. and Mrs. Jay Griffin Mr. and Mrs. James M. Hagood Katharine and Winslow Hastie Matthew and Sarah Hastings Mr. William Andrew Hautt Scott Hirshorn Mr. J. Blanding Holman IV Mr. and Mrs. Travis Howell Mrs. Elizabeth Ilderton Ms. Sarah Mae Ilderton Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Jennings Catherine R. Jones Katie James Kegel Mr. and Mrs. Gerald K. Kemerer, Jr. Ms. Jennifer A. Kemp Mr. and Mrs. R Hunter Kennedy III Mr. Thomas H. Kennedy Mr. and Mrs. Robbie Kennemur Ms. Nunally Kersh and Mr. Robert Stehling Brian and Liz King Mr. and Mrs. Kristopher King Mr. and Mrs. Steven Kopf Ms. Pam Kylstra Melissa and Michael Ladd Mr. and Mrs. Paul Langston Ms. Daisy Leath Ms. Carolyn D. Lee Mr. and Mrs. Matt C. Lee Ms. Adrienne Levy and Mr. David Betenbaugh
Mr. Julien E. Libaire Mr. Wade H. Logan IV Ms. Lindsay G. Luther Mr. Carl Mabry Mr. Michael Mansson Meg and Bo Manuel Mr. and Mrs. Clay McCullough Mr. and Mrs. Barnes McLaurin Ms. Nikki Mitchell Mr. and Mrs. Beezer Molten Mr. Aeron H. Myers Katharine and Lindsay Nevin Ms. Sally C. Newman Lee Nodes Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Norvell Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Opoulos III Mr. and Mrs. Tom Pace Mr. and Mrs. Andy F. Parker Mr. and Mrs. Telfair Parker Dr. and Mrs. Telfair H. Parker Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Pelzer Ms. Magda Pelzer Mrs. Ansara Piebenga Ms. Margaret C. Pitts Angel Passailaigue Postell Dr. and Mrs. Jan H. Postma, Jr. Helen Pratt-Thomas Mr. Brady Quirk-Garvin Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Rafalowski Ms. Jarrett R. Ransom Drs. Eleanor and Adrian Reuben Artie and Lee Richards Mr. and Mrs. William Ross Mr. and Mrs. Carter Rowson Mr. and Mrs. Milo Ryan Beth Safrit Hannah Salters Mr. and Mrs. David Schaefers Mr. and Mrs. Robert Schoderbek Mr. Alec Sheaff Mr. and Mrs. Brendan Silver Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Skahill
Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Wood Mr. and Mrs. West P. Woodbridge, Jr. Mr. David Wyanski and Ms. Andrea Smith Mr. and Mrs. Richard Yost Mrs. Noel C. Young Ms. Elizabeth Zeck Matching Gifts Ameriprise Financial Employee Giving Campaign The Coca-Cola Company Matching Gifts Program GE Foundation IBM International Foundation The Pew Charitable Trusts The Prudential Foundation Matching Gifts Gifts of Membership Mrs. Charlotte Caldwell and Mr. Jeffrey Schutz for Jeffrey H. Schutz Mrs. Charlotte Caldwell and Mr. Jeffrey Schutz for Ian Tyree William and Lucile Cogswell for Matthew B. Hastings Nancy and Steve Cregg for Steven Kopf Ms. Judy Cunningham for James Cunningham Ms. Judy Cunningham for Joseph Cunningham Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Greenberger for Tom Vestal Mr. Dan M. Johnson for Sydnor Lafitte Mr. and Mrs. Bill McMains for Bill Thielfoldt Mr. Robert P. Schofield III for Scott Bryant Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels for Grenville Seibels Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels for Roderick Dowling Mr. Jon Shealy for Brent Shealy Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan M. Stein for Adam Stein Honors/Memorials In memory of Beverly G. Lane Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr. In memory of Billie Houghton Bishop and Mrs. C. Fitzsimons Allison Dr. Susan Bateman Mr. and Mrs. William R. Bradley, Jr. Ms. Karen Carlson Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Daniel Mr. and Mrs. Steve Dixon Mr. and Mrs. Robert R. Ellis III Mr. Don Hearn, Jr. Mr. Richard F. Hendry
Mr. Darrell Horn Treva M. Jackson Mr. and Mrs. John Philip Kassebaum Ms. Rita Koeppen Mr. and Mrs. Paul R. Lawler Mrs. Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Marx & Bensdorf Realtors Julia G. Patterson Mrs. Alberta Quattlebaum Mr. Laurence M. Strueli Mr. John B. Trotter Tucker, Selden & Tucker, PLCC Ms. Jane Twist Russell and Cary Whitehead Mrs. Mydelle Wilson In memory of Cecil F. Hunnicutt Mr. Mike Landrum and Ms. Brenda Smith In memory of Charles Compton Mr. and Mrs. Langdon D. Long In memory of Isola Hartness June Anderson Virginia and Dana Beach Jane Breeden Mr. and Mrs. N Heyward Clarkson III Ms. Rebecca Fouche Mr. and Mrs. Bobby Hartness Mr. Gary A. Hester Dr. and Mrs. Edward D. Hopkins, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Michael P. Kellett Mr. and Mrs. John Kwist Mr. and Mrs. Henry Lafitte Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. McCallum Mr. and Mrs. Julius W. McKay Mrs. Kathleen C. McKinney Lesley Moore Mr. and Mrs. Ben K. Norwood Ms. Joanna B. Stone Dr. and Mrs. Edmund R. Taylor Mr. John Tribble Mr. Cosmo L. Walker II Mr. and Mrs. George Walker, Jr. Ms. Bette K. Waters
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Harriet and Dick Smartt Mr. and Mrs. Bachman Smith IV Mr. and Mrs. Andrew McBain Speir Brys Stephens Ms. Nicole Streetman Ryan Strickler Mrs. Wynne Thomas Mr. and Ms. Gray Tiller Mr. and Mrs. Mark Turansky Ms. Leslie Turner Mr. and Mrs. Felix Von Nathusius Mr. and Mrs. Reid Warder John and Caroline Warren Mr. and Mrs. Philip E. Waters Mr. and Mrs. Michael Whitfield Ms. Dee Dee Williams Mr. and Mrs. T. Bright Williamson Ms. Debra Wilson Mrs. Heather A. Wilson Mr. and Mrs. James Wilson Ms. Katherine S. Zimmerman
In memory of Jack Hassell Rev. and Mrs. Henry E. Avent, Jr. In honor of Jenny Welch Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr In memory of John Bracken Nancy and Billy Cave In honor of John M. Moore Robert Beeland In memory of Joseph Spann Nancy and Billy Cave In memory of Lane S. Stokes Ms. Angie C. Flanagan In honor of Lex Rogerson South Carolina Bankruptcy Law Association In honor of Robert P. Schofield Ms. Barbara Stein In memory of Robert S. Gresham Mr. and Mrs. Richard D. Vanderwarker In honor of Robin E. Welch Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr In honor of Rowland T. Harper Mr. Dick McSween In memory of Tommy Borland Ms. Sandy Harjes In memory of Wells Mayfield Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Hawkins In honor of William F. Crosswell Kevin Bockman In honor of Wilson Somerville Mr. and Mrs. Greg Burke
P.O. Box 1765
Charleston, SC 29402-1765
For more information about the Coastal Conservation League, check out our website at www.CoastalConservationLeague.org
The mission of the Coastal Conservation League is to protect the natural environment of the South Carolina coastal plain and to enhance the quality of life of our communities by working with individuals, businesses and government to ensure balanced solutions.
efore he left to hike the Appalachian Trail in March, spring intern, Lee Farese, worked to create a wonderful resource to educate residents about the need to protect the wildlife of Charleston Harbor. Please visitÂ www. charlestonharborwildlife.com to learn about the harbor and the wildlife who live there. Thanks, Lee!
http://charlestonharborwildlife.com/ A site for the community of Charleston Harbor