Conservation League Spring 2009
Volume 20 No.1
Land & Community Celebrating
photograph by John Moore
Twenty Years of Conservation
Dana Beach and Jane Lareau Look Back
Regional Offices _____ ________________
South Coast Garrett Budds Reed Armstrong Andrea Malloy North Coast Nancy Cave Grace Gasper Columbia Patty Pierce Heather Spires Patrick Moore
Director of Conservation Programs Program Directors
Project Managers Director of Communications Communications Manager Newsletter Editor
To hear and watch the rest of Dana and Jane’s interview, visit the Conservation League’s Web site at www.CoastalConservationLeague.org.
Megan Desrosiers Nancy Vinson Ben Moore Josh Martin Hamilton Davis Lisa Jones-Turansky Katie Zimmerman Brian Barrie Gretta Kruesi Virginia Beach
Development _____________ _______ Director Membership
Nancy Cregg Alison Geer Wally Pregnall
Director of Administration HR and Admin. Director of Finance Data Manager Administrative Assistant Development/Finance Assistant
Cathy Forrester Tonnia Switzer Ashley Waters Nora Kravec Angela Chvarak Amanda Watson
Board of Directors Laura Gates, Chair Bill Agnew Will Cleveland Berryman W. Edwards Dorothea Benton Frank Vince Graham Richard T. Hale Hank Holliday Holly Hook George Johnston
Mary Kennemur Fred Lincoln Cartter Lupton Roy Richards Gillian Roy Jeffrey Schutz Libby Smith Victoria C. Verity Trenholm Walker
Advisors and Committee Members Paul Kimball Hugh Lane Jay Mills
P.O. Box 1765 ■ Charleston, SC 29402 Phone: (843) 723-8035 ■ FAX: (843) 723-8308 E-Mail: email@example.com Web site: www.CoastalConservationLeague.org P.O. Box 1861 ■ Beaufort, SC 29901 Phone: (843) 522-1800 935 Main Street, No. 1 ■ Columbia, SC 29201 Phone: (803) 771-7102 P.O. Box 603 ■ Georgetown, SC 29442 Phone: (843) 545-0403 All contents herein are copyright of the Coastal Conservation League. Reprinting is strictly prohibited without written consent. Design by Julie Frye Design.
Cover photo by John Moore
What inspired you to found the Coastal Conservation League? Dana: “There was no organization at the time, in 1989, dealing with land use issues. Jane – my friend and bird watching partner – and I were concerned about habitat loss. And yet the environmental programs that were set up were all about water quality and air quality, which obviously are important, but did not deal in any way with the spread of development across the landscape and the loss of habitat. “We spent a fair amount of time looking into other models – the Chesapeake Bay Foundation in Virginia, the North Carolina Coastal Federation, and the Georgia Conservancy – and ultimately came up with something uniquely South Carolinian, in that we did things that nobody else was doing, and we weren’t entirely sure they were going to work.” Jane: “One of my fondest memories in those early days of the Conservation League was of our Office Manager Marie Thrower going to the Post Office everyday and calling from a pay phone because she was so excited about the number of new members we had gotten in the mail. She literally could not wait to get back to the office to tell us. She would call and say, ‘Twelve! We have twelve new members!’ We went from a hundred members in the beginning to somewhere around four to five thousand today.” What were some of your early battles? Dana: “Early on, we got various tips about some things going on in the Francis Marion National Forest, such as the cutting of hardwood trees. This was a big problem around the country – hardwood removal for pine plantations – and had been going on for a couple of decades. What we didn’t realize was that much of the native forest had been longleaf pine in the Francis Marion. “So Jane, my wife Virginia and 2-year-old daughter Nellie, and I took a trip down to Thomasville, Georgia and spent time with
20th Anniversary photos by Scott Key Powell, John Moore, Ben Williams and Dana Beach
Leon Neel, the nation’s longleaf guru and a protégé of Herbert Stoddard, who was the founder of fire ecology management. We had our eyes opened, to put it mildly, and decided at that point that we needed to work less on the problem of hardwood removal and more on the restoration of longleaf pine systems.”
the coast of Florida, which has all sorts of problems as we know, and is so counter to our natural, meandering creeks of the South Carolina Lowcountry. “Around 1993, developers bought the Andell property between Kiawah and Seabrook Islands. It was a tomato field and the developers proposed to put a 60-acre, Florida-style, ‘lock harbor marina’ in the field, which was to be connected by a dredged canal across Haulover Creek to Bohicket Creek. There would be 400 yachts in this hole in the middle of a tomato field, with waterfront condos around the hole. “DHEC characteristically approved the permit and the Conservation League appealed, spending five years fighting the project, which would have created the largest marina development in South Carolina. We brought in experts to analyze the water quality models and eventually uncovered a little known statute in Charleston County that stated you cannot build marinas on Outstanding Resource Waters (ORW), which Bohicket Creek was. So the county voted against Andell Harbor, the League overturned the DHEC permit, and we ended up victorious; but it took five years.”
Jane: “At that time, it was right after Hurricane Hugo had struck in 1989, so there was an opportunity for some major decisions to be made on the Francis Marion since the Forest Service was having to rewrite their management plan because the mature part of the forest had been blown down. The question was, ‘What should go back there? What should be done?’ “The Forest Service proposal was to continue what had been done before, which was to clear everything out of there and replant, in rows, loblolly pine; in other words, put in a commercial pine plantation. That was one of our first major battles, which was to say, ‘That’s not what belongs in the Francis Marion. What should be restored is the native forest that naturally belongs there.’ “And that was a wonderful success. The Forest Service, with some prodding, did rewrite the plan and today is very proud of how much they’ve restored of the native longleaf, even winning an award for their ecosystem restoration. And to this day, the League continues to monitor the management of the Francis Marion.” Tell the story of the Andell Lock Harbor Marina. Dana: “In the early 90s, it was not clear exactly which direction South Carolina was going to go by way of development. Florida had a certain model, which was essentially dredging high land to create canals that produced more waterfront property for the development market. What resulted was this bizarre, manmade hydrologic system of deadend canals lined with houses and sea walls up and down
Jane: “And today, if we had not fought Andell Harbor, we would have Florida-style monster development there and elsewhere along the coast. The Andell story is representative of actions that the League took that were pivotal at a certain point in time – Andell Harbor and the Francis Marion National Forest being good examples – that if we had allowed these things to happen in a certain area, the rest of the coast could have likely gone this way too. “Because the League took these positions and said, ‘No, this coast deserves better than this. We’re going to do better than that’ – and this has been the standard that has been maintained – as a result, I think the South Carolina coast is better in every way 20 years later.”
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Land & Community
Grassroots Activism Leads to Lasting Land Use Reform “To plan is not to spoil the trip.” – African proverb, related by Lula Holmes, a 1939 graduate of the Penn School on St. Helena Island and a 1994 graduate of the Penn School for Preservation
Empowering Citizens and Communities
robably the most important achievement of the Coastal Conservation League over the last 20 years, working with citizen activists and conservation partners across the state, is the evolution of a new mindset and understanding of what it is we love about South Carolina’s cherished landscapes and communities, and how we can
protect and save them for future generations. The default position of “can’t get in the way of progress” or “sprawl is inevitable” no longer washes with many of our citizenry and representatives. They have experienced first-hand, with the Conservation League at their side, the satisfaction and exhilaration of saving the places they love and charting a deliberate, thoughtful, hopeful path toward prosperity for their neighborhoods, their towns and cities, and their region. It’s a mindset that embraces political participation – whether at the town hall or planning board all the way up to the State House and Congress – as a fundamental privilege and obligation. It’s a mindset that holds public officials and government agencies accountable to the people they serve. And it’s a mindset that can transform the local councilman into a town father, the average developer into a town founder.
Citizen involvement across South Carolina has led to important legislative action at the State House.
Laying the Groundwork
n early 1990, the Coastal Conservation League invited Randall Arendt from the Center for Rural Massachusetts and Henry Richmond, founder and director of the 1,000 Friends of Oregon, to speak at a Coastal Land Use Planning Conference in Charleston. The newly formed Conservation League was joined by the Lowcountry Open Land Trust, founded just a few years earlier, and by the more well established Historic Charleston Foundation, Preservation Society of Charleston, National Trust for Historic Preservation and The Nature Conservancy in co-sponsoring this first-ever land use conference for coastal South Carolina. Mr. Arendt had championed open-space planning in Massachusetts that allowed for limited development without
New Urbanism founder Andres Duany woke up Lowcountry audiences with such statements as: “What doesn’t work is the modern suburb . . . You can make it look good, but you can’t make it work.”
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Land & Community sacrificing the rural landscape, a relatively new concept at the time. His message was simple: “Change your zoning before it changes your town.” He advocated clustering development in order to save the countryside and traditional communities. As he put it, “It is your town. Developers come and developers go. But the land patterns they leave behind endure forever.” Mr. Richmond was involved with the development of Oregon’s statewide land use planning legislation, the first in the nation, and he credited the program with keeping much of Oregon’s countryside rural. “In the ten years since the Oregon land use program has been in effect,” Mr. Richmond explained, “we haven’t had a single open ground or freestanding subdivision or shopping center built in the countryside.” New development in cities like Portland was being contained
“It is your town. Developers come and developers go. But the land patterns they leave behind endure forever.” within regional “urban growth boundaries” that encouraged infill and redevelopment within urban centers. These were new ideas for Lowcountry South Carolina, but rang true in their application to our traditional landscape of farm land and small towns. The following year, the Conservation League brought New Urbanism founder Andres Duany to a follow-up conference, again held in Charleston. Mr. Duany’s speech is still remembered as a watershed moment in the new land
use movement taking root in South Carolina. He woke up audiences with statements like, “Planners will tell you, ‘These traditional towns don’t work.’ That’s absolute bunk. The traditional towns are the only things that work. What doesn’t work is the modern suburb.” Mr. Duany also made the crucial connection between soaring infrastructure costs and sprawl, expenses that were overwhelming communities in the path of suburban development: “Each day in Florida, our continuing growth requires two miles of new highways, two new public school classrooms, two new school teachers, day care services for 14 more children, two more police officers, one more jail cell, two more state prison beds, 100,000 gallons of water and sewer . . . do you get the idea? Those are the figures for the state on any given day.”
Planning – In it for the Long Haul
s South Carolina faced the prospect of record breaking population growth, some of it attributed to retirees opting out of Florida, citizens began to take the words of Messieurs Arendt, Richmond and Duany to heart. Already, South Carolina was losing 200 acres of rural land a day to sprawl. Between 1990 and 2010, well over half-a-million new residents were predicted to move to the Lowcountry, nearly twelve times the number of people living in Georgetown County at the time. But the Conservation League discovered that local governments in the Charleston area, for example, were allocating nearly four times more land for projected growth than was actually necessary. Upon further investigation, the League found that this practice of over-allocating rural land for urban
The Charette – Citizens and local officials use maps, aerial photos and computer imagery to plan for their communities. development was being repeated up and down the South Carolina coast. It was obvious that there was a lack of accurate information about regional growth and a lack of coordination between local governments. The result would be continued wasteful extension of water and sewer lines, countless unnecessary roads connecting far flung subdivisions and shopping centers, and c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
the devastation of our rural landscape. Not long after the 1991 conference, the Conservation League began advising communities such as Mount Pleasant, Awendaw and Edisto Island on long range land use planning initiatives that would take advantage of some of the latest information, technology, and mapping tools. A year later, the League also started working with a (continued on page 6)
Land & Community Beaufort County Growth Management Committee on the development of the county’s first Comprehensive Plan. Just below Beaufort, on St. Helena Island, collaboration with a Citizens’ Advisory Board who opposed the five-laning of Hwy. 21, evolved into a partnership between the League and the historic Penn Center to establish a sea island land preservation school. The primary goal of the Sea Island Preservation Project, as it was called, was to educate sea islanders – black and white – on how to sustain traditional communities and rural landscapes in the face of rising development pressures. Then in 1992, the Conservation League hired its first, full-time Land Use Director, Sam Passmore. For the
n 2002, following a fiveyear effort on the part of the Conservation League and a broad coalition of conservationists, business owners, farmers, legislators and citizens, the S.C. General Assembly established the S.C. Conservation Bank – a vital source of public funding for land conservation in South Carolina. Such a program would complement local planning and zoning initiatives to preserve the state’s rural and historic landscape. By 2004, the bank was fully funded and over the next four years permanently protected more than 130,000 acres of natural and historic properties, either through conservation easements or outright purchases. Around this time, two significant parcels came up for sale in the Ashley River Plantation District – 4,500-acre Poplar Grove and 6,400-acre Watson Hill. The threat of 3,500 homes being built at Poplar Grove was enough to galvanize the residents of lower Dorchester County to hire an attorney
next six years, Sam worked tirelessly in assisting Beaufort County with the drafting of their Comprehensive Plan and in 1998, celebrated its passage. The following year, again with Sam’s assistance, Beaufort passed the Zoning Ordinance that put the Comprehensive Plan into law and established South Carolina’s first Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) program to help protect rural lands. On a state level, the Conservation League had launched a Quality Growth Campaign in 1993 to work with gubernatorial candidates to advocate for statewide growth management and planning legislation. By the next year, South Carolina passed its first State Comprehensive Planning Act, requiring
The deal was lauded as one of the most innovative conservation and historic preservation agreements in the nation. and demand that Dorchester County abide by its Comprehensive Plan. The plan had designated the area as “conservation/preservation” – but until that designation had been put into an actual zoning ordinance, it did not have the power of regulatory enforcement. Megan Desrosiers was the League’s Land Use Director at the time and helped to organize and provide technical expertise to the Poplar Grove opponents. As she put it, “Poplar Grove’s development scenario would have brought 10,000 more people to the area, almost one-half the current population of Summerville.” After a year of negotiation, the Conservation League, Ducks Unlimited, the Donnelley Foundation, c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
all local governments that zone land to develop Comprehensive Plans to guide community growth. Sam and Associate Land Use Director Michelle Loy Sinkler were also providing technical and political support to Charleston County for the development of their Comprehensive Plan, which eventually passed in 1999 and was considered the strongest ever in South Carolina in terms of farm and timber land protection. It took two years and 60 public meetings and hearings for the Comprehensive Plan to finally become law in the form of the Unified Development Ordinance (UDO), which passed in 2001.
the Lowcountry Open Land Trust, The Nature Conservancy and the Conservation Fund – working with private landowners – put together a conservation deal permanently protecting more than 13,000 acres in the Ashley River Plantation District. They raised $14 million to buy conservation easements at Poplar Grove and Middleton Place (a portion of the funds came from the S.C. Conservation Bank) and secured voluntary easements from the owners of Uxbridge and Millbrook plantations. The deal was lauded as one of the most innovative conservation and historic preservation agreements in the nation. Then in 2007, Dorchester County Council approved a Historic Overlay District for the Ashley River, protecting 32,000 more acres of land from sprawl. The following year, with encouragement and participation from the Conservation League, the county updated its Comprehensive Plan to direct infrastructure improvements only to areas designated for growth, to employ design guidelines for new developments, to guarantee that new
Courtesy of the Post and Courier
Land & Community
The combination of stricter county zoning codes and private conservation easements will prevent further sprawl from threatening the Ashley River Plantation District. development pays for itself, and to require that necessary improvements to roads and schools be completed when new development comes online. In 2009, the Conservation League will work closely with Dorchester elected officials, planning staff, and residents to translate the Comprehensive Plan into rural and urban zoning ordinances. Such planning and conservation milestones become even more important when one considers that Dorchester County is the fastest growing county in South Carolina and yet, until recently, two-thirds of the county was not zoned. In fact, Dorchester’s only zoning designation for rural areas was the term “absence of control.” Before the Conservation League began working with county officials, development had proceeded in a random, de facto manner. Now Dorchester is becoming a leader in land and community planning.
Infrastructure: Roads to Ruin
ike land use planning, infrastructure planning is absolutely critical to the health of a region. Over the last 20 years, the Coastal Conservation League has had to beat back a steady stream of ill-conceived and wasteful infrastructure projects – namely new and expanded roads and sewer lines – that often pose more harm than good for Lowcountry communities. Extending and building new roads and sewer lines in rural areas, far from a town or population center, is a sure-fire catalyst for speculative real estate development. The resultant sprawl places untold burdens on a county’s infrastructure and raises demands for public services that most rural areas are ill-equipped to provide. For example, in 1991, St. Helena Island residents called on the Conservation League to stop the unnecessary five-laning of Hwy. 21, which would have eliminated the centuries-old Emancipation Oak and opened up the rural sea island to sprawling development. After a 5-year battle, the St. Helena Citizens’ Advisory Board, together with the League, defeated the Hwy. 21 proposal, thus protecting the traditional values of this sea island community.
That same year, the League also began a successful battle to reroute U.S. Senator Robert Byrd’s “Detroit to Charleston” highway (I-73) that would have plowed through the towns of Georgetown and McClellanville and devastated the Francis Marion National Forest and the historic Cooper River Plantation District. Here was an example of a major interstate being drawn up by highway planners with absolutely no input from the affected communities. The initial route of I-73 as planned would have wreaked havoc and destruction on some of the Lowcountry’s most prized cultural and natural resources. In 1994, the Conservation League also successfully convinced the S.C. Department of Transportation (DOT) to redesign a Hwy. 17 widening project through the ACE Basin, reducing wetlands loss and preventing strip development. Shortly thereafter, the League partnered with Horry and Georgetown County residents to oppose ill-conceived routes for a Carolina Bays Parkway and 701 Connector, again safeguarding untold acreages of wetlands and wildlife habitat from the destructive path of unnecessary new highway construction.
Sprawlways– Sometimes new and expanded roads can do more harm than good for a community. c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Land & Community Saying "No" to Unnecessary Sewer and Water Lines
oorly planned new sewer and water lines emerge periodically as well. It took three years for the Conservation League, working with the citizens of rural Dorchester County, to stop a sprawl-inducing, 35-mile sewer line in 1999. In 2004, the League collaborated with residents of John’s Island to oppose a 30-inch water line across the rural sea island that would have fueled unnecessary and unsustainable land speculation. A year later, the coalition prevailed in reducing the water line to 24-inches, a size in keeping with the traditional growth of the island. While bad projects continue to crop up, the Coastal Conservation League has worked steadily over the last two decades to lay the groundwork for better decision making when it comes to infrastructure. Beginning with
hile the Coastal Conservation League has laid a good foundation for sound land use and infrastructure decisions, there are many battles yet to be won. At the State House, the Conservation
At Risk– Existing zoning in Georgetown County falls far short of providing an adequate blueprint for directing future growth.
transportation and DOT reform, the Conservation League labored for two years to change the way road projects were decided in South Carolina. In 2007, under the dogged leadership of League Legislative Liaison Patty Pierce, a host of advocates worked with key legislators in the House and Senate to pass the DOT Reform Act – bringing at long last an objective, analytical approach to road project selection. That same year, another groundbreaking law passed – the Priority Investment Area (PIA) Act – that would change forever the way infrastructure is built in South Carolina. Five years in the making, the PIA bill, sponsored by Rep. Ben Hagood with assistance from the Conservation League, promotes coordinated land use and infrastructure planning among local governments and agencies, and provides incentives to planners and builders for concentrating development where it is most needed.
League, with the backing of Attorney General Henry McMaster, is leading the charge for annexation reform – amending South Carolina’s outdated annexation laws to improve public notice requirements, limit “shoestring” annexations of remote properties, and require all new annexations to conform with local land use plans. Meanwhile, ongoing development pressures put Georgetown County at risk, where existing zoning affords little protection to the hundreds of thousands of acres of private timberlands that have gone on the market. As a result, Conservation League staff continue to meet with county council members and staff to explore planning options for safeguarding the county’s rich history and healthy environment. Farther south, comprehensive regional planning for Northern Jasper County and the Town of Ridgeland is well underway. The Conservation League is working with c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
New infrastructure can generate sprawl if not properly planned.
local landholders and town and county officials to create a 25-year master plan for the area that will provide property owners a degree of certainty about the future of their region. Like Georgetown County, large tracts of private timberland are up for sale in Jasper. The goal of a master plan will be to guide anticipated growth and development into areas that are appropriate and make sense in terms of existing infrastructure and traditional settlement patterns. Hope abounds for a healthy and prosperous future in the Lowcountry. In the following pages, you can read a sampling of some of the many innovative projects that the Conservation League has collaborated on with communities, citizens groups and elected representatives along the South Carolina coast. With your continued support and involvement, we are changing this region forever, and for the better.
Land & Community
Yemassee Revitalized This is the story of the Yemassee Revitalization Corporation (YRC), an organization that arose from an understanding that a viable rural land base and a healthy, functioning town are not mutually exclusive. In fact, each is necessary for the success of the other. The YRC partners – a marriage of the Lowcountry conservation movement What's Good for Town is Good for the Countryside
and the Town of Yemassee – understand that addressing the
Yemassee’s new Town Plan provides a revitalization blueprint for downtown and designates tens of thousands of acres of surrounding timberland and farmland to remain rural.
economic well-being of South Carolina’s small towns and rural communities is essential to long term conservation objectives.
thriving small town in the early and mid-twentieth century – where U.S. Marines, heading for Parris Island, arrived by train during World War II – Yemassee, with a population of 860, is now poor by any standards. Most of its downtown commerce did not survive competition from businesses that set up along I-95 and the subsequent growth of big box retailers in the wake of the interstate. Left with few alternatives to enhance the well-being of its citizens, Yemassee at first chose a quick fix, one that has already failed so many communities up and down the South Carolina coast
– annexation. Farther north, the small towns of Hollywood and Awendaw tried annexation as a revenue booster, resulting in the creation of “necklace municipalities” – 11-to-15-mile strands of disparate parcels far from town centers and far from any existing infrastructure or public services. This ill conceived strategy exposes towns to land speculators, who “shop” their developments to struggling municipalities like Yemassee, which typically have laxer zoning than the surrounding county, affording developers denser unit-per-acre ratios, in addition to promises of public water and sewer – all in the name of “growth.” Yemassee’s c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
recent annexation of Binden Plantation development is a perfect example. While the Binden annexation is being challenged in the S.C. Court of Appeals, the Yemassee Town Council has unanimously adopted a new economic development plan that promises a far more sustainable future. The “Town Plan for Yemassee” is designed to provide much needed economic development without introducing sprawl into the rural areas of northern Beaufort County. The plan was funded by the Coastal Conservation League and the ACE Basin Task Force and executed by the planning firm of Keane and Company. Company president Tim Keane worked with town see Yemassee, page 14
Land & Community Working Across the Landscape Highlighting the work of the Coastal Conservation League's Land & Community Program 1989 – 2009 1990
1989 w CCL opens its first office, on King St. in Charleston, with a staff of three w CCL founds Lowcountry ReLeaf in the aftermath of Hurricane Hugo w CCL begins successful campaign to persuade the Forest Service to restore native ecosystems to the Francis Marion National Forest
w CCL sponsors first Coastal Land Planning Conference, featuring Randall Arendt and Henry Richmond w CCL prevents DOT from cutting down three miles of oak canopy along Bohicket Rd. on John’s Island w CCL begins assisting the ACE Basin Task Force with land use, regulatory and road policy issues impacting the ACE
w CCL begins work with St. Helena Island Citizens’ Advisory Board to oppose five-laning of Hwy. 21 w CCL initiates fight to stop I-73 from plowing through Georgetown, down Hwy. 17 and through the national forest and Cooper River Plantation District w CCL hosts land use conference in Charleston featuring New Urbanism founder Andres Duany
1994 w CCL opens South Coast office in Beaufort w CCL awarded Conservation Organization of the Year by the S.C. Wildlife Federation w CCL submits improvements to Francis Marion National Forest 10-year plan w CCL convinces DOT to redesign Hwy. 17 widening project through ACE Basin
1993 w CCL begins work with Beaufort County to develop a Comprehensive Plan w CCL teams up with local residents to stop a highway bridge and resort development slated for Sandy Island w CCL begins campaign for DOT reform w CCL holds first conference on managing private lands for native longleaf pine
1995 w CCL joins DOT and Council of Governments on transportation planning initiatives w CCL partners with Horry and Georgetown County residents to oppose ill-conceived routes 1996 for Carolina Bays Parkway and w CCL leads opposition to multi701 Connector million-dollar, 35-mile long sewer w CCL leads coalition to beat line in Dorchester County back harmful state “Takings” w Sandy Island saved - permanent legislation protection afforded local Gullah community and 12,000 acres of unique coastal habitat w Victory on St. Helena’s Hwy 21 – widening plan defeated
w CCL membership exceeds 2,000, bolstered by grants from 13 charitable foundations and supporting a staff of six w CCL establishes Sea Island Preservation Project with the Penn Center, educating sea island leaders on land use and compatible economic development w CCL hires full-time Land Use Director
1998 w Beaufort County passes Comprehensive Plan shaped and supported by CCL w I-73 is successfully re-routed to Myrtle Beach w CCL and its partners decisively defeat the most extreme “Takings” bill yet w Time for Kids names Dana Beach “Hero for the Planet”
w I’On traditional neighborhood development wins approval with help from CCL w CCL and partners successfully lobby Congress to include tax incentives for conservation easement donors in the American Farm & Ranch Protection Act w CCL launches Charleston Greenbelt Campaign
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Land & Community
2001 w CCL assists Concerned Citizens in opposing 5-laning of Hwy 162 w CCL joins battle against 50-mile water line through the Francis Marion National Forest w Charleston County passes a Unified Development Ordinance (UDO) protecting hundreds of thousands of acres of rural land
2000 w CCL opens Legislative office in Columbia w CCL’s Greenbelt Education Project and Strom Thurmond Institute publish Tricounty Urban Growth Maps for metropolitan Charleston, graphically revealing the threat of uncontrolled growth. w Beaufort County approves $40 million bond referendum for rural land protection with support from CCL
1999 w CCL begins its 2nd decade with 17 full-time staff working out of offices in Georgetown, Charleston and Beaufort and supported by more than 4,000 members and 43 charitable foundations w Beaufort County passes Zoning Ordinance with help from CCL and launches state’s first Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) program w CCL halts 35-mile sewer line through rural Dorchester County w Charleston County passes Comprehensive Plan, the strongest ever in South Carolina, with technical and political support from CCL
w CCL creates Web site and Action E-List w S.C. Conservation Bank Act passes after 5-year effort on part of CCL and partners w CCL and Awendaw residents successfully defeat town’s ill-conceived annexation, subdivision and water service agreements proposed for housing developments on the edge of Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge
2003 w CCL helps pass “Neighborhood Schools Act,” which eliminates minimum acreage requirements for schools w S.C. Land Use Dispute Resolution Act passes providing reasonable measures to resolve zoning conflicts between landowners and local governments
2004 2005 w CCL and partners work with landowners and Dorchester County to permanently protect more than 13,000 acres in the Ashley River Plantation District w CCL and conservation and preservation partners rally opposition to oppose North Charleston’s attempt to annex 6,400-acre Watson Hill w Morris Island saved after Charleston zoning code prevents intensive development w Pedestrian/Bike Path on new Ravenel Bridge is completed thanks to campaign launched by CCL and Charleston Moves
w CCL teams up with lower Dorchester County residents to fight suburban-style development on 4500-acre Poplar Grove w CCL works with sea island residents to oppose 30-inch waterline across John’s Island w S.C. Conservation Bank receives full funding w DOT yields to citizen concerns and modifies Hwy 21 plan to fit community
2007 w Dorchester County Council approves Historic Overlay District protecting some 32,000 acres of land w Priority Investment Area Act signed into law requiring coordinated land use and infrastructure planning w DOT Reform Bill signed into law requiring an objective, analytical approach to project selection
w CCL assists Beaufort County residents in contesting ill-conceived annexations and development plans for McLeod Farms, Binden Plantation and the Mobley Tract w Woodbury and Hamilton Ridge tracts saved through Heritage Bonding Bill promoted by CCL and partners w Harmful zoning changes defeated by coalition of Charleston County landowners and representatives with leadership from CCL 2008 w CCL launches “A New Way to Work” campaign proposing alternatives to extension of I-526 w BCD-COG begins development of regional plan for Tri-County area with assistance from CCL w CCL assists Yemassee with a blueprint for sustainable growth w CCL assists Plantersville and Awendaw with septic system maintenance and repair, averting extension of sprawl-inducing sewer lines w Dorchester County Comprehensive Plan passes
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Land & Community
A New Way to Work For Land's Sake– Innovative and less costly alternatives to the extension of I-526 will save the rural character of John’s Island and at the same time relieve traffic congestion in Charleston’s West Ashley neighborhoods.
alting expansion and new construction of unnecessary roads is only part of the equation to preserving land and community. The biggest challenge, in the event of existing traffic congestion and gridlock, is developing alternative solutions that are cost effective, gentler on the land, and community friendly. Traffic congestion is indeed a problem on metropolitan Charleston’s Savannah Highway, Folly Road and Maybank Highway. But the proposed extension of I-526 across John’s Island simply moves congestion around rather than providing long term solutions, according to data and maps from the Berkeley-CharlestonDorchester Council of Governments (COG). In fact, the COG maps show that Savannah Highway and Folly Road will still have failing levels of service if the
I-526 extension is completed. The Coastal Conservation League has opposed the construction of the I-526 extension since 1995 because of the threat it poses to rural John’s Island and the lack of transportation benefits it provides. Studies show that extending I-526 will definitely increase development pressures on John’s Island and the Maybank Highway corridor. Instead of wasting more than $420 million on extending an interstate style highway across a rural sea island, we can direct our resources toward specific, local traffic-relieving projects and at the same time avoid generating sprawl. Through community advocacy and a growing grassroots campaign called A New Way to Work, the Conservation League is collaborating with business owners, neighborhood associations and residents to raise awareness of the opportunities that proposed alternatives
to I-526 will create for metropolitan Charleston, and to communicate support for these alternatives to our elected officials. In January, transportation experts Glatting Jackson (commissioned by the Concerned Citizens of the Sea Islands and the Conservation League) submitted a 59-page New Way to Work Master Plan, Implementation Plan, and Analysis to the S.C. Department of Transportation (DOT) for consideration and acceptance as an official alternative to the I-526 extension. The Glatting Jackson report has been receiving national and international praise from leading urban designers and planners. The New Way to Work plan includes such innovative solutions as constructing a “pitchfork”- type intersection at Maybank Highway and River Road, as well as adding and connecting secondary streets see New Way to Work, page 14
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Land & Community
Saving Sandy Island The Coastal Conservation League began working with the residents of Sandy Island in Georgetown County’s upper Winyah Bay as early as 1993, when the League joined forces with this small island community to oppose a permit to build a bridge to the northern end of the island. The focus of the debate was whether the bridge was to be used solely for forestry, as the permit applicants contended, or whether the bridge would eventually bring resort development to the island.
Endangered Ecosystem– Sandy Island’s long leaf pine forest has the highest concentration of endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers on private lands in the world.
t the time, through various partnerships and corporations, Roger Milliken and E. Craig Wall, Jr. – the bridge permit applicants – owned roughly 16,000 acres of undeveloped land on and around Sandy Island. The Sandy Islanders – an African American community of about 120 slave descendants living fulltime there – owned approximately 200 acres and a total of 24 homes on the island. Situated between the Pee Dee and Waccamaw Rivers, the properties of Sandy Island comprised some of the largest tracts of developable waterfront land in South Carolina, nearly double the area of the City of Myrtle Beach. A 1990 plan drawn up for the island revealed plans for a resort/residential development for nearly 20,000 people. The State newspaper reported in early 1995 that the plan outlined the building of a two-lane bridge, followed by the harvest of the island’s timber, and eventually the construction of 9,500 villas, town houses, garden apartments, condominiums and estate homes, plus at least two golf courses. What was at stake in the minds of the Sandy Islanders, the Conservation League and a host of other conservation
Historic Legacy– The New Bethel Baptist Church of Sandy Island has conducted services for 115 years. partners was nearly every aspect of Lowcountry heritage worth saving for future generations: One of the Southeast’s finest examples of native longleaf pine habitat; spectacular cypress swamps; numerous endangered plant and animal species, and a strong Gullah community. Consequently, the Sandy Island residents teamed up with the Conservation League and the Southern Environmental Law Center to wage a three-year legal fight that resulted in the state Office of Coastal Resource Management denying the bridge permit in December of 1995. Meanwhile, other threats to Sandy Island surfaced in the form of four new road projects, one of which would have run down the center of Sandy Island, crossing the Waccamaw River exactly where the islanders’ village community lay. Conservation League staff, along with the Winyah Bay Task Force and attorneys from the Southern Environmental Law Center and the S.C. see Sandy Island, page 14
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Land & Community Yemassee, continued from page 9
council members and staff to create a plan that concentrates economically viable development within a logical town footprint. To implement the plan, leaders from Yemassee, with support from Yemassee business and land owners, several charitable foundations, and the Lowcountry conservation community, established the nonprofit Yemassee Revitalization Corporation. YRC has named a board of directors that is broadly representative of the community and also hired its first executive director, Sue Sledz, who led a similar effort for the Town of
Murrells Inlet called “Murrells Inlet 2007 and Beyond.” The Town Plan includes a revitalization blueprint for downtown Yemassee, as well as the designation of tens of thousands of acres of undeveloped lands to remain in their present rural state. The first project is to restore the old train depot, which leaders believe will be a catalyst for further economic development. When towns like Yemassee focus on rebuilding their downtowns and enhancing their existing assets, they turn away from practices like indiscriminate annexations that threaten the surrounding rural landscape.
New Way to Work, continued from page 12
parallel to Maybank to disperse traffic and relieve congestion. A traffic study conducted by Charleston County, the City of Charleston and the Conservation League demonstrates the effectiveness of this solution. Similarly, the COG maps show that extending I-526 provides zero benefit for mobility on Savannah Highway. The New Way to Work plan connects the street-grid running parallel to Savannah Highway,
providing alternative routes for the 56% of the drivers on the highway who are not commuting through the area, but whose trips begin and end there. The alternative solutions that Glatting Jackson has submitted to DOT reveal a community west of the Ashley River that is free of traffic bottlenecks, contains roadways designed for cars and people, and provides street choices for the quickest route to and from work and for daily
errands. By removing more than half of the car trips on our most congested roads, these alternatives to I-526 solve traffic congestion more effectively, impact far fewer wetlands and parklands, and cost much less.
Sandy Island, continued from page 13
Environmental Law Project, successfully defeated these potentially devastating infrastructure projects. With the threat of a bridge to Sandy Island now eliminated, the idea of actually purchasing the property began to look like a real possibility. The appraised, undeveloped value of the Sandy Island holdings totaled $12 million. Straight away, The Nature Conservancy and the Conservation League, working with DOT, crafted a proposal to use $10 million of DOT “wetlands mitigation bank” monies, combined with a $1 million donation
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from The Nature Conservancy, to buy Sandy Island and place it under permanent protection. Owners Milliken and Wall generously lowered the purchase price by $1 million and the deal was sealed on March 13th, 1996, thus saving one of the jewels of the South Carolina Lowcountry and ensuring that local residents and landowners – the Sandy Island community – could continue their cherished way of life.
Leaders of the League The Conservation League’s greatest strength is the dedication and courage of its outstanding Board of Directors. The board is responsible for setting policy and maintaining the fiscal stability of the organization. Thanks go especially to the League's five Board Chairs, who have led with exceedingly sound stewardship and extraordinary vision.
n 1989, publisher Charles “Pete” Wyrick accepted a call from Dana Beach to chair the board of a new, private environmental nonprofit based in Charleston that was yet to be funded and fully staffed. By the time Pete turned the reins over to attorney Carol Ervin in 1995, the Coastal Conservation League had grown to some 2,000 members, a Board of Directors numbering 17, eight staff operating out of offices in Charleston and Beaufort, and support from 18 different charitable foundations. In 2001, community activist and philanthropist Charlotte Caldwell became the League’s third board chair, inheriting from Carol an even stronger organization that had expanded to offices in Georgetown and Columbia and increased its staff to 17, supported by 43 foundations and a membership of more than 4,000. Under Charlotte’s superb leadership from 2001 to 2006, the organization successfully completed a $6-million capital campaign enabling the League to broaden its program areas and expand its staff and expertise even further.
Attorney Will Cleveland accepted the chairmanship in 2006 and together with Program Director Nancy Vinson helped draft and pass South Carolina’s first regulatory protections for marsh islands. Will’s commitment to an expanded constituency led to the successful development of the League’s 5,000-strong Activist Network. Since 2008, former management consultant Laura Gates has led the board, overseeing a successful $8.6million capital campaign with Campaign Chair Roy Richards that has funded three new League programs – Energy and Climate, Public Health, and Sustainable Agriculture. Due to these five outstanding stewards and visionaries, the future of the Coastal Conservation League looks bright indeed.
Charles “Pete” Wyrick
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Legislature 2009 Reform DHEC
No More Dirty Coal
Coal Plant Air Permit: Despite a record that clearly demonstrates that the proposed Santee Cooper Coal Plant will add nearly 100 pounds of toxic mercury and thousands of tons of CO2 to the atmosphere, DHEC granted an air permit for the proposed plant. Furthermore, the plant would be located on the banks of the Pee Dee River, which already has dangerous levels of mercury. Hazardous Chemicals, No Cleanup Money: In 1995, DHEC’s board allowed the owners of a 279-acre hazardous waste landfill on the shores of Lake Marion to stop making payments to a cleanup fund. When the dump was no longer profitable and cleanup time came around, the board allowed the owners to escape liability, pinning the $84-million cost on S.C. taxpayers. Mercury Poisoning: Until recently, DHEC neglected to post warning signs at access points to waters where fish were contaminated with unsafe levels of mercury. Unknowing fishermen would catch and eat fish from these contaminated waters with no warning of the possible harmful health effects. Every river in the coastal plain has some
photos by Debbie Parker
or the last 20 years, the Coastal Conservation League has been the Lowcountry’s watchdog, keeping an eye, in particular, on the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) and monitoring whether important environmental decisions are made in the best interest of the public and according to the best available science. Unfortunately, several factors, including a confusing management structure and a convoluted appeals process, have resulted in numerous failures by the agency to protect the integrity of South Carolina’s natural resources. Some examples include:
Students protest in front of DHEC’s Columbia headquarters against a proposed coal plant that will add approximately 93 pounds of toxic mercury and millions of tons of CO2 to the atmosphere.
species of fish with dangerous levels of mercury. Beidler Forest Threatened by Racetrack: DHEC staff issued a permit for a large race track that would have discharged stormwater into the Francis Beidler Forest, the world’s largest undisturbed cypress-tupelo forest. Fortunately, the decision was overturned due to the leadership of the Conservation League and Audubon Society. The Conservation League is working to change the structure of DHEC to provide more transparency and accountability in order to achieve more effective protection of our health and environment. The League is advocating replacing the current DHEC board structure with a single Executive Director appointed by the Governor. The League is also encouraging the legislature to look at the appeals process to find ways to bring the best science to bear on agency decisions in order to reduce the number of appeals of bad permits.
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Citizens from across South Carolina gathered in Columbia in February to protest the DHEC approval of an air permit for Santee Cooper’s proposed coal fired power plant on the banks of the Pee Dee River.
Fair Share Water Bill
his legislative session, Senator Wes Hayes (R-York) has reintroduced his water withdrawal permitting bill (S.275) that will give South Carolina much needed oversight over large withdrawals of water from the public’s rivers and streams. The Conservation League worked closely with Senator Hayes to draft a bill that will protect the interests of existing business and industry by guaranteeing a permit for current withdrawals; providing a measure of certainty to prospective businesses by ensuring a reliable water supply, and promoting healthy rivers and streams by using the state’s guidelines for minimum flows.
Legislature 2009 Energy Legislation Progresses
enator Glenn McConnell (RCharleston) and other Senate colleagues have introduced the Energy Standard Act that would enhance existing state building efficiency regulations by adopting the International Energy Conservation Code as the energy standard for state buildings. The Act would also require that all new and renovated state buildings must comply with this standard and that local building officials shall enforce it. In addition, the Energy Standard Act adopts certain National Building Codes also related to increased energy efficiency.
epresentative Joan Brady (RColumbia) has introduced a promising package of renewable energy initiatives with the support of thirteen other House members. The bill authorizes utilities to pursue renewable energy projects up to 100 megawatts and to recover their costs as deemed appropriate by the Public Utilities Commission; to encourage investment in research, development and demonstration of home-grown renewable energy projects, and to provide homeowners and businesses the freedom to install solar energy technologies on their homes and businesses.
Statewide Moratorium on Landfills
and has set up a taskforce to review capacity issues, landfill capacity continues to increase in South Carolina. Furthermore, important environmental siting and permitting problems persist unabated. South Carolina needs a break from landfill permitting while the taskforce reviews its regulations. In response, the Coastal Conservation League is working with community groups and legislators to build support for a bill calling for a two-year, statewide moratorium on new and expansion or replacement landfill permits. [Go to the Conservation League's Web site to view the My State Matters TV interview with Senator Gerald Malloy regarding the moratorium legislation.]
outh Carolina has twice the landfill capacity it needs. And in 2007, 28% of all municipal solid waste deposited in our landfills was imported from out-of-state. This amount has risen steadily as statewide capacity has grown over time. It is clear that South Carolina has far more capacity than it currently needs and that ongoing increases in out-of-state waste could pose a threat to public health and the environment. While the DHEC board has recognized that the state’s Determination of Need Regulation is “broken”
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Renewable Energy Initiatives Debated in the House
Conservation League Lobby Day drew many members to the State House this winter to engage their legislators on issues such as energy, annexation reform, and restoring funding to the S.C. Conservation Bank.
John Ramsburgh, S.C. Sierra Club
Energy Standard Act Introduced in the Senate
Making Our Voice Heard
Citizens from Marlboro, Cherokee, Lee and Charleston counties – including three chiefs of the Pee Dee Indian Tribe – voiced their support for a landfill moratorium at the Senate Medical Affairs subcommittee public hearing on March 17th. The subcommittee voted in favor of S 324, a resolution to place a maximum two-year moratorium on new mega dumps in the state, while DHEC revises regulations on these huge landfills.
Katie and Matt Baas, League members in Beaufort, have gone solar with ten 224-watt solar panels installed in their backyard by Argand Energy Solutions as part of the Palmetto Clean Energy Program (PaCE). The Baases can sell what they generate from the solar panels to SCE&G for 9.3 cents per kilowatt hour. PaCE will give them an additional premium of 15 cents per kilowatt hour. Those returns are expected to reduce the Baases’ utility bill 30 to 40 percent.
Former Conservation League board member Billie Houghton and her husband Alan have installed 20 flat black solar panels on the roof of their Pawley’s Island home. Installed by Carolina Solar, the panels can generate up to 3,300 watts of electricity, enough to power the couple’s lights, appliances and hot water tank. The Houghtons were the first to obtain such a system through Santee Cooper’s Solar Homes Initiative.
Courtesy of Coastal Community Foundation
(l-r) John Sperry, Charlie Sneed, League board member Libby Smith, and Mary Edna Fraser at the Delete Apathy party hosted by Mary Edna and John to oppose construction of a .5mile-long seawall near Kiawah Island’s Beachwalker Park. The seawall will facilitate construction of 50 new homes on a shifting sandspit.
photos by Steve Cregg
Walking Old Woodlands
Dr. George Thompson with Amanda McNulty of SC ETV’s “Making It Grow.” Amanda led Conservation League members on a tour of Woodlands Plantation near Columbia, home of journalist and conservationist Harry R.E. Hampton (1897-1980).
Hampton family descendants gather for a photograph: Front row – Hattie and Mary Fleming; Back row (l-r): Rab Thompson, Harriott Hampton Faucette and Mardie Faucette.
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(l-r) League board member Mary Kennemur, Dennis Kennemur, Jamie McCullouch and friend stand in front of the Woodlands Plantation house. Built in 1896, the farmhouse is an excellent example of Folk Victorian domestic architecture.
Courtesy of University of South Carolina Press
7th Annual 8K for H2O
The College of Charlestons Masters of Environmental Science Program sponsored its annual Folly Beach 8K run and 5K family fun walk on February 21st to preserve and improve water quality in the Charleston area.
A Defining Moment
Volunteer of the Year
Fun Winter Events | State Bailout? | Half-Shell Heaven www.charlestonmag.com
THE HISTORY ISSUE
Moments that Shaped Our City
Plus! Unlikely Hero
Courtesy of Charleston Magazine
This Old House Seafood Paradise
An 18th-century Harriet Tubman’s Lowcountry bridge Georgian reveals hidden treasures to freedom
Feasting through Murrells Inlet
The founding of the Coastal Conservation League in 1989 was named by Charleston Magazine in their February issue as one of the “101 defining moments that shaped our city.”
Dione Leak, pictured here with two of her four daughters, was named Myrtle Beach’s Volunteer of the Year for 2008 because of her work with Greenkeepers. Dione helped raise $18,700 to buy 113 trees that have been planted along Robert Grissom Parkway. She also donated trees and flowers to beautify the triangle where Ocean Blvd. and Kings Hwy meet. Dione and her husband, Rob, are long time members of the League. c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Conservation League member Genevieve “Sister” Peterkin of Murrells Inlet has coedited a fascinating and revealing collection of her mother’s interviews with former slaves and their descendants entitled Coming Through: Voices of a S.C. Gullah Community From WPA Oral Histories. The word-for-word interviews – containing African American stories, music and folklore – were conducted by Genevieve Willcox Chandler between 1935 and 1938 in All Saints Parish on the Waccamaw Neck for the Federal Writers’ Project.
In House Josh Martin Joins League
Former City of Charleston Planning Director Josh Martin has joined the staff of the Coastal Conservation League as our new Land Use Director. A Summa Cum Laude graduate of Clemson’s Masters of City and Regional Planning program, Josh was previously Community Development Director and Town Manager for the Town of Bluffton, S.C. Josh was born and raised in Burlington, Kentucky on a family beef cattle farm. He came to South Carolina to attend Wofford College as a Wofford Scholar and became student body president there. During his tenure with the City of Charleston, Josh served as project manager for the Magnolia Development Concept Plan, the John’s Island Community Plan and the Long Savannah Concept Plan. He continues to remain active in the Congress for New Urbanism and the Seaside Institute.
New South Coast Director
Having grown up in the Lowcountry, Garrett Budds is returning to coastal South Carolina after more than a decade of schooling and working in Montana. As the Conservation Director and Staff Attorney for a highly respected regional conservation organization in western Montana, Garrett brings a unique combination of legal and policy skills as he takes over the leadership of our South Coast office from Patrick Moore, who has moved to Columbia to join the League’s legislative team. Garrett received a J.D. and M.S. in Environmental Studies from the University of Montana and worked both in environmental litigation and natural resource policy upon graduation, and more recently in the protection and restoration of the 22,000square-mile Clark Fork River basin.
Georgetown Welcomes Grace Gasper A native Texan, Grace Gasper moved to South Carolina in 1997. Captivated by birds of prey, she began a career in conservation 12 years ago working with The Center for Birds of Prey and served as the Center’s Medical Clinic Director for ten years. She began Katie Zimmerman c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
working with the League on development issues in the Awendaw area, where she resides. Both experiences led to making the protection of our rural landscape her top priority. She joined the League’s staff last fall to work on land use and development issues with Nancy Cave in the North Coast office. Grace earned a B.S. in Education from Baylor University and a M.S. in Human Physiology from the University of North Texas.
Grant Coordinator Joins Staff Wally Pregnall has applied his administrative, financial and writing skills to various Charleston institutions for the last 20 years. Having earned a B.A. in English and a M.S. in Public Administration from the College of Charleston, Wally has been the Grants Writer and Administrator for the College of Health Professions at MUSC for the last six years. Before MUSC, Wally served as the City of Charleston’s lead auditor, Mount Pleasant’s Compliance Auditor, and Charleston County’s Senior Staff Appraiser and Tax Assessor. No stranger to the world of science, he has served as editor and copywriter for three published works, including Blueprint for a Cell: The Nature and Origin of Life, by Nobel laureate Christian Deduve.
Air, Water & Wildlife Team Expands Katie Zimmerman has joined the League to work with Nancy Vinson as a Project Manager after working at the NOAA Coastal Services Center on performance metrics and strategic planning. Prior to her job with NOAA, Katie led several research and outreach projects on environmental sustainability in the Lowcountry, with particular focus on green building, environmental justice, community empowerment, and water quality. She earned her M.S. in Environmental Studies and her B.A. in English Literature, Political Science, and Environmental Studies from the College of Charleston.
In House Congratulations to Tonnia Switzer!
In Memoriam: Dr. Henry “Pat” Worrell
Director of Human Resources Tonnia Switzer, who joined the League in 2001, will marry Robert Smalls, Jr. on May 2nd. Robert is a native of Hollywood, S.C. and is a tugboat captain with Stevens Towing Company. For their honeymoon, Tonnia and Robert will take a Caribbean cruise.
Wind Power Communications Manager Gretta Kruesi has recently become a National Kite Boarding Team Rider for Naish International and Pacific Boardsports. Gretta is pictured here off the coast of Maui.
Samuel Whitworth “Whit” Waters
Long time League supporter and activist Dr. Pat Worrell of Marion, S.C. died in January, having valiantly battled prostate cancer since 1995. As recorded in an interview for this newsletter in 2006, Pat was passionate about a lot of things in life – in particular, his community and home state, his wife Hallett and their children and grandchildren, and Murrells Inlet, where his grandfather had built a waterfront cottage in 1933 and where the family spent every summer. And it was through Murrells Inlet that the environmental community gained a warrior in Pat Worrell. In the 1980s, he and his neighbors in this quiet fishing village successfully defeated a marina and fish processing operation that had been proposed for Smith Landing. Pat later joined the S.C. Environmental Law Project’s Board of Directors, the organization that had assisted in the marina victory, and continued his community activism to the present day. As Pat stated at the conclusion of his 2006 interview: “We need to be good stewards of our natural resources in spite of today’s development pressures. I believe that some things are worth more than money.” For Pat, those “things” included fresh oysters and shrimp from Parsonage and Allston Creeks (“sweetest in South Carolina”), and the view from Cedar Hill Landing across the salt marshes to Drunken Jack’s Island. Pat’s memory and legacy will live on in the beauty of his beloved Murrells Inlet.
Patti Wilkinson Armstrong
Whit is the son of League Director of Finance Ashley Waters and her husband, John. He was born on January 24th and weighed 5 pounds, 10 ounces. Welcome Whit!
We join in the grief of Reed Armstrong, Project Manager with the League's South Coast Office over the loss of his wife of 45 years, Patti Wilkinson Armstrong. Patti died in early January after lengthy hospitalizations. Patti and Reed very much enjoyed gardening, birding and walking the nature trails on their beautiful property on St. Helena Island. Patti had been very active in civic and community affairs both on St. Helena and in Rhode Island, where they lived before moving to South Carolina in 1995. She was loved and adored by all who knew her. c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Thank You! LIVE OAK SOCIETY Contributions Received from February 1, 2008 - January 31, 2009
The Coastal Conservation League works very hard to ensure that all donor names are listed correctly; however, occasional mistakes do occur. Please contact Membership Director Alison Geer at (843) 725-2066 with any questions or corrections. $10,000+
Anonymous (2) Penny and Bill Agnew American Rivers, Inc. Anthony and Linda Bakker The William Bingham Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Berry Butler Conservation Fund, Inc. Charlotte Caldwell and Jeffrey Schutz Ceres Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Chitty Ms. Frances A. Close Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation Strachan Donnelley Family Charitable Lead Unitrust Mrs. Vivian Donnelley Vivian Donnelley Charitable Trust The Festoon Foundation, Inc. Dorothea and Peter Frank Nancy and Larry Fuller Laura and Steve Gates William and Mary Greve Foundation John C. Griswold Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Hale Hillsdale Fund, Inc. Holly H. Hook and Dennis A. Glaves
Joanna Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Peter R. Kellogg Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Lane Mr. Hugh C. Lane, Jr. Mills Bee Lane Foundation Ms. Bokara Legendre Mr. T. Cartter Lupton II Lyndhurst Foundation Merck Family Fund Mertz Gilmore Foundation Mrs. Alexander Moore Mr. and Mrs. Alan A. Moses Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr. Post and Courier Foundation V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation Steven and Barbara Rockefeller Rockefeller Family Fund, Inc. Gillian and Peter Roy Mr. and Mrs. John K. Runnette Jeffrey Schutz and Charlotte Caldwell Ms. Dorothy D. Smith Libby Smith Fred and Alice Stanback, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Tenney H. L. Thompson, Jr. Family Foundation
Gary and Mary Beth Thornhill Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation Turner Foundation Mr. and Mrs. James C. Vardell III and Family Joe and Terry Williams Yawkey Foundation
$5,000 - $9,999
Anonymous (1) Ms. Molly H. Ball Banbury Fund, Inc. John and Jane Beach Virginia and Dana Beach Henry M. Blackmer Foundation, Inc. Mrs. Margaret N. Blackmer Ms. Margaret P. Blackmer Mr. and Mrs. William C. Cleveland Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Coen Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Colbert The Edward Colston Foundation, Inc. Dr. and Mrs. Robert W. Cowgill Mr. and Mrs. P. Steven Dopp Ms. Carol B. Ervin Mr. and Mrs. J. Henry Fair, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. G. Scott Fennell Mr. and Mrs. George W. Fennell James L. Ferguson Mr. and Mrs. S. Parker Gilbert Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Hagerty Mr. and Mrs. John Philip Kassebaum Mr. and Mrs. Paul Kimball Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Laco Lau Associates LLC Mr. and Mrs. John E. Masaschi Mr. and Mrs. Irenee duPont May Mrs. Frank M. McClain Mr. and Mrs. Charles Meier Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Mitchell, Jr. Mr. Guy Paschal The Pew Charitable Trusts Price R. and Flora A. Reid Foundation Mrs. Alexander F. Schenck Mr. and Mrs. Weldon Schenck Southern Environmental Law Center Susan and Trenholm Walker
COASTAL LEGACY SOCIETY The Coastal Legacy Society honors those who have provided for the Coastal Conservation League through their wills or estate plans. By making a gift to the Coastal Legacy Society, you will join this group of extraordinary individuals in their commitment to protect the Lowcountry for generations. If you are interested in finding out more about naming the Coastal Conservation League in your will or estate plans, please contact Development Director Nancy Cregg at (843) 723-9895. Anonymous (2) Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Russell and Judith Burns Charlotte Caldwell Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Coffee, Jr. Ms. Marcia Curtis Howard Drew Carol B. Ervin Dr. Annette G. Godow Miss Florence E. Goodwin Katherine M. Huger Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Dr. Thomas R. Mather Miles F. McSweeney Ellen and Mayo Read Mr. Jason A. Schall Mr. and Mrs. John J. Tecklenburg Janis Hammett-Wegman and Charles Wegman
$2,000 - $4,999
Anonymous (2) Mr. J. Marshall Allen Dr. and Mrs. Robert J. Allen Mr. J. Anderson Berly III Mr. and Mrs. Arnold B. Chace, Jr. Clement Crawford and Thornhill, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Munroe Cobey Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cooper III Mr. Hal Currey and Ms. Margaret Schachte Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Cutler, Jr. Ms. Connie Darden-Young and Mr. Jesse Colin Young Mr. and Mrs. Berry Edwards c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Mrs. Mary C. Everts Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Fetter The Hilliard Family Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. R. Glenn Hilliard James and Margaret Hoffman Billie and Alan Houghton Dr. and Mrs. Todd P. Joye Dr. William Kee Linda Ketner and Beth Huntley Bob and Jackie Lane Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Leath, Jr. Dr. Franklin Lee Lasca and Richard Lilly Dr. Suzanne Lindsay and Mr. Bruce Lindsay The Suzanne and Bruce Lindsay Charitable Foundation Magnolia Development LLC Mr. and Mrs. John C. Maize, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. G. Alex Marsh III Mr. and Mrs. Charles K. Marshall Dr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Mather Mrs. Harriet McDougal Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank III Mr. and Mrs. James O. Mills Sally H. Mitchell Mrs. William Moredock The Morning Sun Foundation Mr. and Mrs. David Paynter Mrs. Joan C. Pittman Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost Grace Jones Richardson Trust Mr. John M. Rivers, Jr. John M. Rivers, Jr. Foundation Mr. T. Grange Simons V Mr. Matt Sloan Ms. Martha Jane Soltow Charles and Jo Summerall Mr. and Mrs. Jacques S. Theriot Jane Smith Turner Foundation Mr. Robert L. Underwood Dr. Robert Ellis Welch, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Wyrick, Jr. Ziff Properties Charleston Mr. and Mrs. Stephen J. Ziff
$1,000 - $1,999
Anonymous (4) Drs. T. Brantley and Penny Arnau Mr. and Mrs. Dennis A. Avery Mr. Arthur L. Baron The Arthur L. and Marcia S. Baron Fund of the Ayco Charitable Foundation Mr. and Mrs. William R. Barrett, Jr. Mrs. Ann R. Baruch Mr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Blagden, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel W. Boone III Dr. Eloise Bradham and Dr. Mark George The Brumley Family Foundation Trust Ms. Amy Bunting Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Foundation Bob and Cris Cain
Thank You! Dr. Robert Payne and Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas Dr. Leslie H. Pelzer Plantation Services, Inc. Ms. Cynthia Swanson Powell Mr. and Mrs. Gary P. Quigley Mrs. Charles D. Ravenel Mr. and Mrs. S. Kim Reed Mr. and Mrs. William R. Richardson, Jr. Dr. Georgia C. Roane David W. and Susan G. Robinson Foundation Mrs. David Robinson Mr. and Mrs. James B. Rothnie, Jr. Rothnie Family Fund of Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Bob Rymer and Catherine Anne Walsh Mr. Lee Schepps and Ms. Barbara Cottrell Dr. H. Del Schutte, Jr. Drs. Ryan and Erin Smith Southern States Educational Foundation Inc. James Gustave Speth Fund for the Environment of the Open Space Institute, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Stoothoff Mr. and Mrs. Louis E. Storen William and Shanna Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. Jan S. Suwinski Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Symington, Jr. Mr. Mark C. Tanenbaum Dr. Ann Truesdale and Mr. James Truesdale Tom Uffelman and Patty Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Greg VanDerwerker Vortex Foundation Mr. G. David Waller Mr. and Mrs. Charles Webb Sally Webb Ms. Sheila Wertimer and Mr. Gary Gruca Mr. and Mrs. John Winthrop Dr. W. Curtis Worthington Ms. Martha C. Worthy Martha C. Worthy Charitable Fund
$500 - $999
Anonymous (4) Ms. Carrie Agnew Ms. Helena Appleton and Mr. David Lott Ms. Vivian D'Amato Asche Mr. and Mrs. Paul Avery Paul and Mary Avery Charitable Fund of the New Hampshire Charitable Foundation Chuck and Betsy Baker Mr. and Mrs. Gifford Beaton Mr. and Mrs. Franklin D. Beattie Mrs. Katrina Becker Blackbaud, Inc. Elizabeth Calvin Bonner Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Nigel Bowers Judge William Campbell and Ms. Susan Hilfer Mr. R. R. M. Carpenter Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Carson, Jr. Leigh Mary W. Carter Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Leigh Carter Mr. and Mrs. T. Heyward Carter, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Childs Dr. H. Paul Cooler Mr. Jack Cordray
Mr. Mark Essig and Mrs. Martha Craft-Essig Mr. and Mrs. David A. Creech Mr. Malcolm M. Crosland, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. William F. Crosswell Ms. Rebecca R. Davenport Mr. and Mrs. Alvin E. Davis Mr. Chris Davis Curtis and Arianna Derrick Mr. Christopher DeScherer and Ms. Amanda Honeycutt Ms. Ann W. Dibble Mr. and Mrs. Clarence M. Eidt, Jr. Mr. D. Reid Ellis Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Ellison II Mr. and Mrs. Mark Ethridge III Ms. Nina M. Fair Mr. and Mrs. Peter Feldman Mr. Robert W. Foster, Sr. Dr. and Mrs. James H. Gault Alison and Arthur Geer Drs. Andrew Geer and Susan Moore Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer Mr. James R. Gilreath Ms. Melanie Gnazzo Dr. Annette G. Godow Blair and Nancy Hahn Half-Moon Outfitters Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Hanlin Dr. Kit M. Hargrove Mr. and Mrs. D. George Harris Mrs. Charlotte McCrady Hastie Whitney and Elizabeth Hatch, via the Ayco Charitable Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Oliver R. Head, Jr. Oliver R. Head, Jr. and Mary M. Head Gift Fund of Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. William J. Hennessy, Jr. Mr. Fred B. Herrmann Mr. Edwin Hettinger and Ms. Beverly Diamond Hilton Head Island Audubon Society Mr. William L. Hiott, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John Adams Hodge Mr. J. W. F. Holliday Dr. Melanie A. Hopkins Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Horlbeck Mr. and Mrs. Calvert W. Huffines Robert L. Huffines, Jr. Foundation, Inc. James and Page Hungerpiller Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Jackson, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. George P. Johnston Ms. May Jones Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Jules Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth S. Kammer Melissa and Michael Ladd Dr. Diane D. Lauritsen Mr. and Mrs. Wood N. Lay Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Lee Mr. and Mrs. Edward P. Leland Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Endowment Mr. and Mrs. Fulton D. Lewis Mr. and Mrs. Lanneau D. Lide Mr. and Mrs. William C. Lortz David Lyle and Anne Aaron-Lyle Magnolia Plantation Foundation Mr. Joshua Martin Dr. John Mattheis Dr. and Mrs. Brem Mayer
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Mr. and Mrs. Francis X. McCann Dr. and Mrs. J. Stuart McDaniel Mr. and Mrs. James D. McGraw Ms. Christie McGregor Mr. and Mrs. Dexter C. Mead The Nelson Mead Fund Charles and Lisa Menefee Mr. and Mrs. Roger F. Meyer Mr. and Mrs. John M. Mirsky Anne and Ben Moise Mr. James W. Mozley Mr. and Mrs. C. Lawrence Murphy Dudley and Ann Myers Mrs. Thomas E. Myers Dr. and Mrs. Alan I. Nussbaum Mr. and Ms. Robert M. Ogden III Dr. and Mrs. J. David Osguthorpe Mrs. Heather R. Osterfeld Mr. and Mrs. Coleman C. Owens Mr. and Mrs. Daniel B. Parker Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. Parks Dr. and Mrs. B. Daniel Paysinger Ms. Patricia A. Pierce Mr. and Mrs. William E. Pitts III Mr. Frank W. Rambo Mr. and Mrs. Ernest L. Ransome III Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey K. Richards Mr. and Mrs. Dave Rosengren Mr. John Salvo Mr. Richard B. Saxon Mr. and Mrs. Charles Schaller Mr. and Mrs. Edwin F. Scheetz, Jr. Dickie and Mary Schweers Sea Biscuit CafĂŠ Dr. Sally E. Self Dr. James G. Simpson Dr. and Mrs. William M. Simpson, Jr. Mr. G. Dana Sinkler Mr. and Mrs. Gary C. Smith Dr. and Mrs. Mark C. Stamey Dr. and Mrs. James Stephenson Mr. John H. Tiencken, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Clyde W. Timmons Ms. Leslie Turner Robert E. Turner United Way of the Piedmont Mr. and Mrs. Beekman Webb Dr. and Mrs. James D. Wells Mr. and Mrs. Frederick H. West Dr. Tad Whiteside Mrs. Betty C. Wiggins Dr. Dara H. Wilber Ms. Walda Wildman and Mr. Mack Maguire Mrs. Harriet P. Williams Ms. Margaret A. Williams Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Williamson Mr. Perry L. Wood
Live Oak Society
Mr. Hacker Caldwell Mr. and Mrs. John M. Cart Nancy and Billy Cave Mr. Anthony Cecil Mr. and Mrs. James J. Chaffin, Jr. Mr. Elliott S. Close Coastal Expeditions Mr. and Mrs. James Coker Mr. and Mrs. John Crawford Nancy and Steve Cregg Dr. and Mrs. Richard L. Cross Mr. and Mrs. Wade C. Crow Mrs. Mary C. Cutler Jane Tucker Dana and David D. Aufhauser Mr. R. Gordon Darby Mrs. Jane Blair Bunting Darnell Mrs. Emily Darnell-Nunez Mrs. Palmer Davenport The Arthur Vining Davis Foundations Michael and Megan Desrosiers Mr. and Mrs. F. Reed Dulany, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Blaine Ewing III Ms. Margaret D. Fabri Mr. H. McDonald Felder Dr. Paula R. Feldman Dr. and Mrs. Ronald M. Finch Dr. and Mrs. Philip A. Finley Rev. and Mrs. David Fort Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Freeman Mr. and Mrs. E. Stack Gately Mr. and Mrs. George W. Gephart, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Gene W. Grace Mr. and Mrs. D. Maybank Hagood Mr. and Mrs. James M. Hagood Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Hawkins Mr. and Mrs. John A. Hill Mrs. Robert R. Huffman Holly Jensen and Marty Morganello Ms. Nunally Kersh and Mr. Robert Stehling Dr. and Mrs. John J. Keyser Mrs. Dudley Knott Mrs. Hugh C. Lane Scott and Gayle Lane Mr. Roy F. Laney Dr. and Mrs. Richard M. Lawson Charlie and Sally Lee The Little-Reid Conservation Fund of the Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Leighton and Caroline Lord Tish Lynn Mike and JoAnne Marcell Mr. and Mrs. David Maybank, Jr. Mrs. John L. McCormick Ms. Jamie Young McCulloch Mr. and Mrs. Barclay McFadden III John F. & Susan B. McNamara Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. Michael G. McShane Mr. P.O. Mead III Kincaid and Allison Mills The Moore Charitable Foundation Ms. Martha Morgan Russell E. and Elizabeth W. Morgan Foundation Mr. Hugh Comer Morrison Mr. and Mrs. M. Lane Morrison Mr. P. Sherrill Neff and Ms. Alicia Felton Mrs. Elizabeth B. O'Connor Ms. Elizabeth F. Orser
Thank You! NEW AND RENEWING MEMBERSHIPS October 16, 2008 â€“ January 31, 2009
Mr. Leslie L. Bateson Ms. Lynn C. Chiappone Mr. and Mrs. Stanley E. Clarke Juliet and Jeffrey Cohen Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth P. Daniels Lenahan and Sylvio de Rouin Mr. and Mrs. Calder D. Ehrmann Ms. Angie C. Flanagan Ms. Rebecca M. Floor Rev. Rodney Foster and Rev. Jody Foster Mr. and Mrs. John F. Green Bill and Eleanor Hare Mrs. Eaddy W. Hayes Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Helms Ms. Eva Horry Katy and Dan Huger Kiawah Island Golf Resort Mr. Chris Kouri Mr. and Mrs. Langdon D. Long Mr. and Mrs. Martin E. Lybecker Capt. and Mrs. William L. Miles Dr. and Mrs. W. Eugene Notz Mrs. Pamela Oliver Mrs. Eleanor H. Parker Mrs. Charles D. Ravenel Mr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Sheldon Dr. Daniel Silver Dr. Robert E. Swanson Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Westbrook
ADVOCATE ($250 - $499)
Anonymous (2) Mr. William Achurch Mr. and Mrs. Harold H. Adams, Jr. Mr. Winthrop Allen Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arnoff Dr. and Mrs. Robert L. Avinger, Jr. Drs. David and Becky Baird Mr. and Mrs. Peter A. Balbach The Rev. and Mrs. C. Alex Barron, Jr. Edward and Adelaida Bennett Mr. Joseph P. Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Colin C. Bentley Mr. and Mrs. Philip J. Bergan Mr. Rhett S. Bickley Ms. Donna Billings and Mr. Dennis White Dr. Nadia Blanchet and Dr. Kent Rollins Mr. J. Sidney Boone, Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. James M. Brailsford III Mr. Richard Brendel Dr. and Mrs. William Y. Buchanan, Jr. Ms. Ruthann Burgess Mr. and Mrs. Hardwick H. Burr Dr. Joseph J. Calandra Mr. and Mrs. Christopher W. Campbell Mr. and Mrs. Leigh Carter Ms. Jessica Cecil and Mr. Mark Crawford Mr. and Mrs. Scott S. Christian Mr. and Mrs. Stanley E. Clarke Dr. and Mrs. Brian G. Cuddy Mr. Tucker Fisher Dana Mr. and Mrs. Emmett I. Davis, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James K. Dias Dr. Nick Elksnin and Dr. Linda Elksnin Drs. Douglas and Diane Ervin Dr. and Mrs. F. Strait Fairey, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Gary E. Fink Mr. and Mrs. Charles Ford Dr. Sandra L. Fowler Mrs. Eric G. Friberg Mr. and Mrs. W. Foster Gaillard Dr. Sidney Gauthreaux and Ms. Carroll Belser Mr. and Mrs. Steven S. Gilbert Dr. Juliet Goldman Mr. Vincent G. Graham Ms. Joy D. Hawkins Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Hecker Ms. Amy Horwitz and Mr. Norm Shea Mr. and Mrs. Donald H. Howe Mr. L. Milton Hughes Mr. and Mrs. R. Walter Hundley Stephanie and Noel Hunt Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hydon Mr. and Mrs. Keith S. Jennings Dr. Joseph M. Jenrette III Mr. and Mrs. Tapley O. Johnson, Jr. Mrs. Lisa Jones-Turansky Mr. and Mrs. David M. Jordan Mr. Glenn Keyes Mrs. Louise O. Kohlheim Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr Mr. and Mrs. John Kwist Jonathan Lamb Mr. Terrence C. Larimer Mr. Merrill D. Lester Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Mr. Jack Limehouse Mr. R.J. Luxmoore and Ms. Annetta Watson Timothy J. Lyons, M.D. Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Mark Ms. Karen E. McCormick, Esq. Pat F. and Suzanne C. McGarity Mr. and Mrs. John P. Miller Mr. and Mrs. Edward R. Moore Mr. and Mrs. Edmond N. Moriarty III Mr. and Mrs. Thomas W. Myers Ms. Sis Nunnally Dr. William F. O'Dell Dr. Patrick M. O'Neil Dr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Ogle Ms. Hadley A. Owen Mr. and Mrs. William F. Pennebaker V. Adm. Douglas C. Plate Mr. Norris Preyer and Dr. Lucy Preyer Mr. and Mrs. Ward Pritchett
Ms. Nancy R. Redding Dr. and Mrs. Frederick E. Reed, Jr. Dr. Rogers Reeves Mr. Dan Rogge Mr. Legrand A. Rouse II Dr. and Mrs. Mark H. Salley Ms. Mary E. Sharp Rep. G. Murrell Smith, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Smythe, Jr. South Carolina Conservation Credit Exchange Ms. Heather Spires Ms. Judith C. Sterrett Ms. Patricia Sullivan Dr. Robert E. Swanson Mr. and Mrs. James L. Telfer Mr. John M. P. Thatcher, Jr. Drs. Christine and C. Murry Thompson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. F. David Trickey Dan and Cindy Tufford Dr. Robert Van Dolah Billy Want and Sharon Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Kurt O. Wassen Waste Management Employees' Better Government Fund Mr. and Mrs. John Waters Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Westbrook Mr. Joseph F. Whetstone Dr. and Mrs. Charles A. Wilfong Ms. Carolee Williams and Mr. Douglas James Mr. and Mrs. D. Mark Wilson Dr. Louis D. Wright, Jr. Ms. Wendy Zara Mr. and Mrs. Eric S. Zolman
CONTRIBUTOR ($100 - $249)
Anonymous (6) Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Abrams Dr. and Mrs. Dennis M. Allen Dr. and Mrs. Scott H. Allen Mr. and Mrs. William Byrn Alsup III Mr. and Mrs. David W. Ames Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Anderson Mr. and Mrs. W. Swinton Anderson Dr. and Mrs. Louis M. Andria Mr. William E. Applegate IV Mr. and Mrs. John R. Arwood Mr. Frank H. Avent Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Bainbridge Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Baird Mr. and Mrs. Archie E. Baker Dr. and Mrs. J. Gilbert Baldwin, Jr. Mrs. Mary L. Ballou Mr. Rodney Barlow and Dr. Patricia Fithian Mrs. Tracy Barrett Dr. R. Randy Basinger Mr. and Mrs. William D. Baughman Vickie O. Baumann Caroline V. Beeland and John M. Moore Mr. Herbert Berlinsky Mr. Charles J. Bethea Dr. and Mrs. J. Hartley Bowen III Mr. and Mrs. Ashley Bullard Ms. Brenda Burbage Carleton and Mary Ann Burtt Ms. Barbara H. Burwell Mr. and Mrs. McBee Butcher Ms. Paula W. Byers
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Cable, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. J. Robert Cantey Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Carling Mr. James R. Carlson Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. Carney Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert E. Caroff Mr. and Mrs. Alan H. Carothers Drs. John and Ruth Carter Mr. and Mrs. William A. Chandler Mr. and Mrs. Frank J. Chmelik Mr. and Mrs. Stewart Clare Mr. and Mrs. David Clark Mr. Malcolm L. Clay Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Cohen Mr. and Mrs. D. R. Collister Ms. Sallie J. Connah Mr. and Mrs. Pat Conroy Mr. and Mrs. Leslie A. Cotter, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. William M. Coughlin Mr. John C. Creed Mrs. Carol R. Cutsinger Dr. John Mark Dean Dr. Gordon Dehler and Dr. Martha Ann Welsh Ms. June N. Derrick Ms. Susan G. Dickson Mr. and Mrs. Elliott Dodds Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. H. Dodge Mr. Paul Donnelly Mr. and Mrs. Henry H. Dorn, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Anton DuMars Mr. D. Reid Ellis Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Everett Ms. Phyllis W. Ewing Ms. Carol H. Fishman Rev. Rodney Foster and Rev. Jody Foster Mr. Richard W. Foxen Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Foy Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Fraser III Ms. Mary Edna Fraser and Dr. John Sperry Mr. William Frech Col. Royce W. Fudge, Jr. Dr. Christine Gerber and Mr. Randy Gerber Ms. Emily T. Gibbons Dr. and Mrs. Benjamin M. Gimarc Drs. Donald and April Gordon Mr. Scott Gordon Mr. and Mrs. Leslie Grady, Jr. Dr. Timothy K. Gray Mr. and Mrs. L. Marion Gressette III Mr. and Mrs. J. Penn Griffen Mr. and Mrs. Joseph P. Griffith, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Paul R. Hadley Mrs. Carmela S. Haklisch Bill and Eleanor Hare Ms. Sandy Harjes Mr. and Mrs. Elliott M. Harrigan Mrs. V. M. Haselden Lewis and Kim Hay Mr. and Mrs. Clarke L. Hayes
Mr. and Mrs. Knox L. Haynsworth, Jr. Mrs. Forrest Hedden Mr. and Mrs. Bennett L. Helms Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Helms Mr. and Mrs. Paul G. Hines Mr. and Mrs. David G. Hodges Mr. and Mrs. James H. Holcombe Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. Holleman III Mr. Jonathan Holmes Mr. John R. Hope Mr. and Mrs. Ozey K. Horton, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Gene R. Howard Mr. Richard A. Hricik, P.A. Mr. and Mrs. Robert P. Hucks Katy and Dan Huger Mr. and Mrs. David L. Huguenin Mr. Robert Hunter and Ms. Doris Garrett Leroy Phillips Hutchinson and Julia L. Eichelberger Mrs. Vera C. Hyman Mr. H. W. Igleheart Ms. Anne F. Jennings via Network for Good Mr. and Mrs. James S. Johnson, Jr. Mr. J. Edward Joye Mr. and Mrs. Peter Jung Dr. George T. Keller III Mr. and Mrs. James J. Kerr Mr. Paul Keyserling Dr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Kirkland, Jr. Mr. Ed Kozek Dr. and Mrs. Andrew S. Kraft Mr. and Mrs. Hobart W. Kraner Ms. Julia Krebs and Mr. Roger Hux Ms. Nancy M. Kreml Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth L. Kreutzer Dr. and Mrs. Seth P. Kupferman Mr. and Mrs. Will H. Lacey III Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln F. Ladd Dr. I. Grier Linton, Jr. Ms. Meg MacLeod Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Madoff Mr. and Mrs. Stephen W. Malley Andrea Malloy Sophia C. McAllister Mr. Charles L. McCallum Mr. James O. McClellan III Mr. and Mrs. Van McCollum Ms. Eileen Mary McGuffie Mr. Robert A. McKenzie Mr. and Mrs. Earl McMillen III Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm T. McPherson Mrs. Mary O. Merrick Rep. James H. Merrill Mr. and Mrs. Emil Meyers Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Michaud Mr. and Mrs. Frederick S. Middleton III Mr. John D. Miller Angela and Howard Misthal Mr. Warren Moise Ms. Mae T. Moore Mr. Tom C. Moore Mr. and Mrs. William M. Morrison, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Morton Mrs. Carole Moss Mr. and Mrs. Jack Muench Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Murphy Mr. and Mrs. Joseph C. Muscari Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Nolan Ms. Susan B. Norton
Ms. Sis Nunnally Ms. Rebecca O'Brien The Outdoor Shoppe Mr. Michael Overbeck Mr. and Mrs. Bryan A. Pack Mrs. Eleanor H. Parker Joseph N. and Joy B. Pinson Dr. and Mrs. T. Carroll Player, Jr. Ms. Susan Priester Mr. and Mrs. John J. Pringle Dr. and Mrs. William H. Prioleau, Jr. Mr. James M. Prutting Mr. John L. Quigley, Jr. Mr. John Ramsburgh Ms. Cheryl Randall Dr. and Mrs. Daniel Ravenel Ms. Suzanne C. Ravenel Mr. John W. Ray Mr. and Mrs. I. Mayo Read, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Rensberry Dr. and Mrs. J. G. Reves Mr. and Mrs. David Rice Mr. Frederick W. Riesen, Jr. Ms. Beverly Rivers Mr. and Mrs. Claron A. Robertson III Ms. Catherine G. Rogers Mr. and Mrs. Randy R. Romberger Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Rone Mr. William E. Roschen The Roschen Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Alwyn Rougier-Chapman Dr. and Mrs. Paul W. Sanders, III Mr. David Savitz and Mrs. Virginia Wallace Dr. and Mrs. Frank M. Sawyer Ms. Elizabeth W. Settle Ms. Pamela B. Shucker Mr. and Mrs. Ernest J. Sifford, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James Silvers, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. George E. Simmons Mr. and Mrs. David Simon Lt. Col. and Mrs. John Sims Mr. Philip Sine Harriet Smartt Mr. David R. Smith Margaret van Bulck Smith Col. and Mrs. Norm Smith Mr. and Mrs. Park B. Smith, Jr. Starr and Phil Snead Ms. Robin Solomon Dr. and Mrs. Frank Spinale Dr. Timothy Spira and Dr. Lisa Wagner Mr. and Mrs. E.H. Stanley, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Richard Stanton Dr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Steele Mr. and Mrs. Theodore D. Stoney, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Dave Stormer Bertin Stuckart Mr. Frank Tarantino Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Ten Eyck Dr. and Mrs. David J. Tennenbaum Louis and Jane Theiling Ms. Barbara Thomas Mr. and Mrs. Phillip R. Thornton Mr. and Mrs. Jeffry Timmons Mr. and Mrs. Louis C. Tisdale, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas S. Tisdale The UBS Foundation Joan and Martin Ustin Mr. and Mrs. John L. Vaughan
Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Von Ende Ms. May Wahab Mr. Claude M. Walker Mr. and Mrs. David C. Walker Mr. and Mrs. William H. Wallace, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Walle Mrs. Jane O. Waring Mr. Jack V. Webb Mrs. Mary Jo Whitley Mr. Everett Wilcox and Ms. Jan Pomerantz Mr. and Mrs. G. James Wilds III Ms. Jennie Williamson Mr. and Mrs. James Wilson Dr. and Mrs. Stanley M. Wilson Mr. W. Chisolm Wilson Dr. and Mrs. John W. Wilson, Jr. Rev. and Mrs. W. F. Wingard Capt. and Mrs. Richard T. Wright Mr. David Wyanski Mr. and Mrs. Douglas G. Young Mr. Simpson J. Zimmerman, Jr.
SUPPORTER ($50 - $99)
Anonymous (1) Mr. and Mrs. Roger Ackerman Mr. and Mrs. Lewis R. Amis Dr. and Mrs. K. Eric Anderson Dr. and Mrs. William D. Anderson, Jr. Pamela and Glenn Ashley Ms. Mary M. Ball Dr. Lisa K. Barclay Dr. Scott D. Barton The Beaufort Garden Club Mr. and Mrs. Karl M. Becker Mr. and Mrs. Craig M. Bennett, Jr. Dr. and Ms. Dennis O. Bernard Mr. E. Dean Berry Dr. and Mrs. Charles K. Biernbaum Mr. Ron L. Boyce Mr. and Mrs. John S. Bracken Mr. and Mrs. Kyle S. Braxton Mrs. Elizabeth Brockinton Ms. Margaret F. Brooks Ms. Gail Brownlee Mr. and Mrs. Samuel D. Brownlee, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Burkhardt Mr. and Mrs. Alan Burrell Mr. and Mrs. William R. Carpenter Mr. Mike Cataldo Mr. Ronald H. Charron Angela M. Chvarak Mr. and Mrs. Hunter L. Clarkson Dr. and Mrs. Lawrence R. Coleman Dr. D. Edward Collins, D.M.D. Mr. and Mrs. Peter Conway Mrs. Drucilla C. Copeland Mr. and Mrs. Michael D. Coward
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
David and Sandy Cowen Ms. Betsie Danner and Mr. Vincent Brennan Miss Kathy Davis Mr. and Mrs. William M. Davis Mr. Fowler Del Porto Mrs. Renee Dickinson Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Dieter Mrs. Barbara J. Doyle Drayton Hall Ms. S. Kimble Duckworth Mr. Henry Dunbar and Mrs. Katherine Dunbar Mr. Harley T. Duncan Mr. and Mrs. Carl L. Eggerding Mr. and Mrs. David J. Elliott Ms. Linda Fantuzzo and Mr. H. Edward Warmuth Mr. and Mrs. John L. Faucette Mr. and Mrs. Joseph G. Ferguson Mr. and Mrs. Helmut H. Fiedler Mr. William Fishburne Mr. and Mrs. Edmund J. Fitzgerald Mr. Robert D. Fray Mr. Curt L. Fuhrmann Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Gamble Dr. and Mrs. Robert Gantt Mr. Edwin Gardner and Ms. Whitney Powers Mr. Michael Gardner Mr. David Garr and Ms. Deborah Williamson Ms. Grace L. Gasper Tom and Sally Gillespie Mr. and Mrs. James Girardo Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Goldstein Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Gowe Dr. and Mrs. John W. Gray III Mr. and Mrs. John M. Grego Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Grochowski Mr. and Mrs. Alan R. Gurd Mr. and Mrs. Michael Gwyn Mr. Barry L. Hainer Mr. and Mrs. J. William Haltiwanger Mr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Hansen, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. William R. Harms Dr. and Mrs. T. F. Hassell Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hay, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Marc Hehn Mr. and Mrs. Eric C. Helfers Mr. and Mrs. William C. Helms III Mr. and Mrs. Dean J. Hewitt Mr. and Mrs. Robert R. Hill Ms. Olivia Britton Holding Mr. and Mrs. Guy R. Hollister Dr. and Mrs. R. C. Hunt Mr. and Mrs. Henry C. Hutson Mr. and Mrs. Edgar S. Jaycocks, Jr. Ms. Jo Jeffers Mr. David C. John Ms. Judith D. Johnson Mark and Frances Jones Mr. and Mrs. Edward Keller Mr. James O. Kempson Mr. Thomas H. Kennedy Mr. and Mrs. Edward L. Killin Mr. J. Mike King Mr. Kristopher King Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Kohler Mr. and Mrs. Edward R. Ladd
paintings by Honor Marks
Thank You! Dr. and Mrs. Pearon G. Lang Ms. Deynise Lau and Mr. Jerry Griggs Mr. and Mrs. Ronald R. Leard Mrs. Angela E. Lee Mrs. Clarence W. Legerton Ms. Margaret E. Lewis Mr. and Mrs. Robert Long Mr. and Mrs. Irving M. Lustig Mr. and Mrs. Ted Mamunes Ms. Jean E. Manning Mrs. Robert T Matthew Mr. and Mrs. Dennis D. Maxwell Mr. and Mrs. David B. McCormack Mr. James McKenna Mr. and Mrs. David J. McLean Mr. and Mrs. Tim McQuinn Ms. Dolores J. Miller Mr. and Mrs. John P. Miller Mrs. Dorothy Minotti Mr. and Mrs. Wesley L. Moore III Laura E. Moses Eisuke and Daryll Murono Susan and Kelly Murphy Dr. and Mrs. James T. Myers Mr. and Mrs. William H. Naylor Drs. James and Noreen Nelson Mr. Thomas S. Nesmith, Jr. Mr. Robert F. Neville Dr. and Mrs. W. Eugene Notz Mr. and Mrs. Robert Oeters Mr. and Mrs. D. Henry Ohlandt Mr. and Mrs. Steven W. Ouzts Mr. Kenneth M. Padgett Mr. and Mrs. A. Nicholas Papadea Mr. and Mrs. Milton Parker III
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Schwiers Mr. and Mrs. Harry Scott Vic Sessions Mrs. Phyllis F. Shaffer Dr. and Mrs. Scott C. Shaffer The Honorable and Mrs. Vincent A. Sheheen Ann and Jim Sidford Ms. Elizabeth Siegrist Ms. Sara Lee Simons Mr. Uldis K. Sipols Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy Dr. and Mrs. C. D. Smith III Mr. and Mrs. John Gettys Smith Mr. and Mrs. George Smyth, Jr. Mr. D. Paul Sommerville Mrs. Joye King Steele Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan M. Stein Mrs. Edward R. Stell Mr. and Mrs. Jon Stuckey Mr. Thomas Stuckey Col. and Mrs. Paul J. Sykes Mr. and Mrs. Alfredo Temelini Mr. Thad Timmons The Rev. Dr. George J. Tompkins III Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Tracy Mr. and Mrs. Robert Trussler Mr. Peter Veneto Ms. Virginia E. Wagner Mrs. Nannie Von Stade Ward Mr. and Mrs. Sam T. Watson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Watson Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Wehman, Jr. Ms. Jenny Wiedower Doris C. Williams Mr. Paul Wojoski Ms. Patricia Wolman Mr. and Mrs. Frederick M. Zinser, Jr.
REGULAR ($30 - $49)
Mr. Hayes H. Patterson, Jr. Mr. D. Lindsay Pettus Ms. Anne B. Powell Rev. Harold B. Prince Dr. Carroll A. Quinn Mrs. Marguerite W. Rathbun Mrs. Sandra L. Rearden Mr. and Mrs. William R. Richardson Ms. Terry Ann Rickson Ms. Margaret Ridge Ms. Dorothy G. Riesmeyer Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Roberts Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Rutkowski Capt. Edward K. Sanders Mr. George W. Sanford Mr. and Mrs. Chester E. Sansbury Mrs. Louise Sawyer
Anonymous (2) Mr. and Mrs. William E. Ackerman Mr. Ted Allen Mr. Alexander Alperin Ms. Renate Anderson Dr. David M. Andrews Ms. Cynthia Aulbach Smith Mr. and Mrs. Donald Backer Mr. Matthew H. Bassett Mr. and Mrs. James D. Bell Mr. and Mrs. Ronald H. Benner Dr. Nancy L. Bickford-Jordan Mrs. Myrtle Brown Frank and Peggy Brown Mr. Dale D. Burke Mr. Henry C. Byrd Mrs. Ann R. Chandler Mrs. Margaret N. Chandler Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Chandler Mrs. Elizabeth A. Cochrane Mr. George W. Cone Ms. Marjorie H. Conner Ms. Mary Ruth Craven Mr. and Mrs. James M. Cubie Dr. and Mrs. Ronald J. Curtis Mr. and Mrs. Andrew H. Demos Dr. and Mrs. Patrick H. Dennis Mr. Steven C. Diesing Mr. and Mrs. Clemens Dietze Dr. Adolphus W. Dunn
Ms. Pamela J. Edwards Mr. James B. Ellis Ms. Judith A. Ellis Dr. Frances L. Elmore Mr. Frederick N. Ferguson Mr. Frank E. Gibson III Mr. and Mrs. Mike Giese Mr. and Mrs. Robert F. Gift Mr. and Mrs. Jay S. Goodman Mrs. Becky Hamler Mr. Matt Hammond Cmdr. Susan H. Hancock Mr. Gerald Haram and Ms. Barbara Gould Ms. Claire C. Harrell Mr. and Mrs. John N. Harrison Dr. and Mrs. Harlan G. Hawkins Mr. Daniel E. Heagerty Mr. J. B. Hines III Ms. Julie Hollings-Bower Mr. Charles Holmes Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. Knight Mr. Michael Kohl and Dr. Jane McLamarrah Dr. and Mrs. John F. Kososki Ms. Carol A. Krebs Ms. Georgana L. Lackey Dr. Norman Lassiter Mr. Malcolm Leaphart Ms. Caroline W. Lee Mrs. Emily V. Lee Jane B. Locke Mr. Matthew Lockhart Ms. Patricia O. Lowry Ms. Cheryl A. Marlowe Ms. Mary-Catherine Martin Mr. and Mrs. Lee McBride Mrs. Janet K. McCabe Ms. Charlotte M. McCreary Col. and Mrs. Thomas G. McCunniff Mr. and Mrs. George E. McMackin Mrs. Frances W. McSween Ms. Nancy Meyer Rev. Dr. and Mrs. David S. Moorefield Dr. Maxwell R. Mowry Mr. and Mrs. Todd Murray Mr. Gerald W. Musselman Dr. and Mrs. Eric D. Myers Mr. Karl F. Ohlandt Ms. Jean Pendleton Mr. Anthony L. Pierce Mrs. Anna G. Pinckney Mr. and Mrs. E. Raymond Plourde Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Rahn Mr. Herb Rothschild Ms. Judith L. Sawyer Ms. Alice Scheld Mr. and Mrs. John A. Schweikart J. Peyre and Clare Scurry Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels Mr. and Mrs. John E. Settele Mr. and Mrs. Norm C. Sharp Mr. and Mrs. E.M. Skidmore Ms. Betty M. Smith Mr. James F. Snyder Dr. Faye B. Steuer Col. and Mrs. Charles W. Stockell Mr. Donald M. Taylor Mr. and Mrs. Patrick A. Toole Mr. James L. Townsend, Jr. Mr. William V. Turner
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Mrs. Ginny Waggener Ms. Susan E. Waites Dr. Bruce Waldman Mrs. Laurie Waldrop Ms. Kelle Welch Mr. and Mrs. Donald J. Wilch Ms. Carol D. Williams Dr. David Wishart and Dr. Josephine Wilson Mr. and Mrs. Chris Wood Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Wyndham Mr. Shemuel Ben Yisrael Mrs. Noel C. Young
STUDENT ($15 - $29)
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Calling All Photographers!
P.O. Box 1765
ll South Carolina photographers are invited to submit their work to the 2009 Vanishing Landscapes Juried Photography Exhibition, sponsored by the Coastal Conservation League. The exhibit will celebrate the League’s 20th Anniversary with shows in Beaufort, Charleston, Columbia and Georgetown. The exhibition jurors will be Tom Blagden, Jr. and John Moore. Tom is one of only 80 select Fellows in the prestigious International League of Conservation Photographers and has published numerous works of photography. John’s exquisite work is featured on the cover of this newsletter issue and his bio appears below under Cover Artist. Please visit our Web site at CoastalConservationLeague.org for further information about submission criteria and deadlines.
Charleston, SC 29402-1765
For more information about the Coastal Conservation League, check out our Web site at www.CoastalConservationLeague.org
The mission of the Coastal Conservation League is to protect the natural environment of the South Carolina coastal plain and to enhance the quality of life of our communities by working with individuals, businesses and government to ensure balanced solutions.
photos by Dana Beach
Cover Artist: Charlestonian John Moore is a structural engineer by profession, but photography has been his serious avocation and passion for more than 30 years. His photographs have appeared in many juried exhibitions, including several “Southern Visions” exhibits at The Museum of York County and numerous Piccolo Spoleto shows. In 1987 and 1997, John had solo exhibits at The City Gallery of Charleston. He is represented by the Corrigan Gallery of Charleston.