Volume 22 No.2
Dana Beach I-526 at a Crossroads
8 The Nuclear Question
14 Cruise Control
From the Director
Reform the STIB Summer 2011
he South Carolina State Transportation Infrastructure Bank (STIB) was established to fund large transportation projects like the Arthur Ravenel, Jr. Cooper River Bridge. The concept is simple. The STIB borrows money. It issues bonds against future streams of revenue (like gas taxes, vehicle registration fees and such). It’s sort of like taking a mortgage out for a house that you don’t have enough cash in your savings account to buy. There is a difference, though. If you have a bad year financially, the bank can take your house and sell it to pay the loan off. Not so with the STIB. If gas taxes (one of the revenue sources) decline because of higher oil prices, and the STIB can’t cover the payments, the creditors cannot repossess the bridge and sell it to make good on the bond. The STIB can borrow money at reasonable rates only because the state guarantees the loan, which means that taxpayers are on the hook to make up any shortfalls. STIB supporters argue that the taxpayer risk is offset by the savings from building quickly and taking advantage of lower construction costs. You might realize similar savings by building your house in 2011, compared to building it in 2020. Or you may not. It depends on the direction of building material costs and housing prices. But let’s grant, for the moment, that the STIB, in concept, is a
reasonable approach to transportation funding. The problem is that the STIB is not run by wise, objective decision-makers. It is run by politicians promoting parochial priorities. Sometimes these run counter to the priorities of the state. There is no better example than the I-526 extension. This project, which was not ranked as a priority by the state, or even as the top transportation need by the Charleston region, received a commitment of almost half-a-billion dollars from the STIB five years ago. The 526 commitment tied up every last dollar in the state for a project that was vigorously opposed by the vast majority of people it was supposed to serve. You will read in this issue of the newsletter how citizen activists spent years fighting to terminate this boondoggle, and how the STIB board refused, literally to the last minute, to relinquish its stranglehold on public money. It was a great day when Charleston County Council finally decided to pull the plug on 526. The experience should remind us of the urgent need to reform this corrupt agency that has so arrogantly breached the public trust.
STAFF ____________________ Director Assistant Director
Dana Beach Megan Desrosiers
REGIONAL OFFICES _____ ________________ SOUTH COAST Interim Office Director Andrea Malloy Project Manager Reed Armstrong
NORTH COAST Office Director Nancy Cave
Office Director Patrick Moore Director of Govt. Relations Dennis Glaves Govt. Relations Coordinator Merrill McGregor Legislative Lobbyist Cathy Warner
_______PROGRAMS _____________ Program Directors Hamilton Davis
Project Managers GrowFood Carolina Director of Communications
Kate Parks Lisa Turansky Michelle Sinkler Katie Zimmerman Ryan Black Sara Clow Adrienne Levy
DEVELOPMENT ____________________ Director of Development Courtenay Speir Development Associate Amanda Cole
ADMINISTRATION ______________ ______ HR and Administration Director of Finance Data Manager Administrative Assistant
Tonnia Switzer-Smalls Ashley Waters Nora Kravec Louann Yorke
Board of Directors Laura Gates, Chair William Cogswell Ian McLaren Andrea Ziff Cooper Tee Miller Berry Edwards Roy Richards Richard T. Hale Richard R. Schmaltz Katharine Hastie Jeffrey Schutz Hank Holliday Harriet Smartt Holly Hook Bill Turner Cartter Lupton Victoria C. Verity Goffinet McLaren
Advisors and Committee Members Paul Kimball Hugh Lane Jay Mills
Newsletter Editor Virginia Beach Designer Julie Frye
P.O. Box 1765 Q Charleston, SC 29402 Phone: (843) 723-8035 Q FAX: (843) 723-8308 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org website: www.CoastalConservationLeague.org P.O. Box 1861 QBeaufort, SC 29901 Phone: (843) 522-1800 1001 Washington Street, Suite 300 Q Columbia, SC 29201 Phone: (803) 771-7102 P.O. Box 603 Q Georgetown, SC 29442 Phone: (843) 545-0403 All contents herein are copyright of the Coastal Conservation League. Reprinting is strictly prohibited without written consent.
Cover photograph by Dana Beach
Power to the People
Public Opposition to I-526 Extension
WILL PREVAIL he stage has been set for a new and better future for metropolitan Charleston. After years of debate and millions of dollars spent, the residents of West Ashley and James and Johns Islands, together with their local representatives, refused to let a powerful minority run an interstate – the I-526 extension – through the heart of their communities. The combination of a dominant city mayor, a recalcitrant Department of Transportation (DOT), a mismanaged State Infrastructure Bank (STIB), and an influential group of real estate developers seemed overwhelming at first. But through education, activism and teamwork, hundreds of citizens became engaged and empowered. They made their voices heard and rightly persuaded their county and town council members that I-526 was not the future they envisioned. Charleston County Council’s April 19th vote to terminate the extension of I-526 sends a potent message that the era of 1970s-style, one-size-fitsall, ring roads and beltways is over. Citizens want efficient, smart, sustainable infrastructure that builds up a community, instead of tearing it apart. Taxpayers want their public dollars spent wisely and responsibly, on projects that are truly needed and that will have demonstrable, positive outcomes. While Charleston County bowed to political pressure a month later (see “Update” on page 4) and tried to reverse its “no-build” decision, the Coastal Conservation League and the residents of West Ashley, James Island and Johns Island are confident that their representatives will uphold the clear will of the people.
The challenge now is for Citizens want efficient, County Council to persuade STIB and DOT to focus smart, sustainable public expenditure on a key infrastructure that transportation corridor in builds up a community, the region – Interstate 26 – instead of tearing it apart. where most of metropolitan Taxpayers want their public Charleston’s residents either dollars spent wisely and work or live, and where responsibly, on projects that significant growth is going to occur in the very near future. are truly needed and that With the opening of the 1.2will have demonstrable, million-square-foot Boeing positive outcomes. plant this summer, the construction of the world’s largest wind turbine testing facility underway in North Charleston, and an expanding deepwater port along the Cooper River, it is imperative that a comprehensive transportation plan be developed and implemented along the I-26 corridor as soon as possible. I-26 serves as the primary transportation artery for hundreds of thousands of people in the Charleston area, and the interstate is frequently gridlocked and fast approaching failing levels of service. With the region’s economic future showing such promise, now is the time to invest in road improvements, freight rail lines to serve the turbine test lab and port, and a light rail commuter line to connect the growing communities between Charleston and Summerville. So far, I-526 continues to distract our political leaders from the region's real transportation needs. It also threatens to divert millions more dollars away from truly significant and worthy projects, such as I-26.
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Interstate at a Crossroads
I-526 Update n May 12th, the State
17th, Council voted 5-3 to rescind its
“Council showed disregard for the public's
Infrastructure Bank (STIB)
no-build decision made in April, instead
right to know how it is handling their
board voted unanimously
authorizing a renegotiation with DOT and
business and their money. Council's
to demand that Charleston
STIB for a smaller version of the I-526
constituents are right to be unhappy
County repay the $11.6 million spent
extension, which would begin at Savannah
– including those who disagree and those
so far on engineering and right-of-way
Highway and end at Maybank Highway
who simply don't understand because
acquisitions for the I-526 extension, or the
on Johns Island. A similar proposal has
nobody explained what's going on. And
county would lose an equivalent amount of
already been rejected by DOT.
those who suspect that the council
state aid. However, completing the I-526
In a closed door executive session,
members were capitulating to powerful
extension would have cost $489 million, so
Council members changed their position
people in local and state governments. For
the project is $69 million more than what
and opted to renegotiate with DOT and
example, Senate President Pro Tempore
STIB has pledged. The $69 million in cost
STIB. The result of those negotiations
Glenn McConnell, R-North Charleston,
overruns has not been identified in future
varies with the opinion of each politician.
says the road should be built, despite the
county budgets, so if the highway were to
In its lead editorial on May 20th,
be built, Charleston County would be left
entitled “Don’t Keep Public in the Dark,”
Joe Riley ardently supports the extension
with a much greater debt.
the Charleston Post and Courier challenged
across Johns and James islands.”
This is an important policy discussion. The demand by STIB to repay the
public's objections. Charleston Mayor
the rationale behind the County’s reversal, and how they went about it:
$11.6 million worth of preliminary costs penalizes local governments for
“So many good people came together to make the difference. In years past, we saw how the Crosstown cut straight through a thriving black community in downtown Charleston and destroyed it. The 526 extension onto Johns Island was as much a threat to longtime white farmers and landholders as it was to blacks; so we came together. Stopping 526 has given us another 20 years to go back to the drawing board and protect what we have.”
their willingness to go through the NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act) process and seek public opinion. Essentially, the longer a public body studies a project and solicits input from the public, the more financial burden they assume, according to the new STIB policy. As a result of enormous political pressure, Charleston County Council backtracked on its opposition to the I-526 extension project in order to avoid having to pay back the $11.6 million. On May
- Bill Saunders, Director of the Committee for Better Racial Assurance (COBRA) and a resident of Johns Island C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
Interstate at a Crossroads History of a Highway
- Thomas Legare, ninth generation Johns Island farmer and a member of St. Johns Water Company
“The Lowcountry's unequalled quality of life is highly vulnerable to development interests desiring expanded urbanization. The impressive public opposition to 526 and other outdated highway designs reinforces my belief that short-term traffic fixes that exacerbate sprawl are no longer acceptable to the public. Traffic engineers, land use planners, and elected officials are being asked to rise to the challenge of smarter growth that respects what we all love about the Lowcountry. To quote Albert Einstein, ‘Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius, and a lot of courage, to move in the opposite direction.’” - Dickie Schweers, Superintendent of Operations for Santee Cooper and a member of Charleston County Council C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
The Advance of Interstate 526 and the Battle to Defend James & Johns Islands 1972 Planning begins for construction of Interstate 526 (Mark Clark Expressway) – a beltway around metropolitan Charleston 1990 City of Charleston annexes Daniel Island 1992 I-526 officially opens with the completion of the Don Holt Bridge across the Cooper River onto Daniel Island 1995 Wando Bridge connects I-526 and Daniel Island to Mt. Pleasant/Highway 17 1997 Construction of West Ashley leg of I-526 begins, terminating at Citadel Mall and Savannah Highway 1998 S.C. State Ports Authority awards $7.4-million contract to construct a Daniel Island interchange along I-526 1999
Daniel Island exchange opens
1999 Charleston County passes Comprehensive Plan that designates large portions of Johns Island as rural agricultural preservation zones 2001 Charleston County passes Unified Development Ordinance implementing the Comp Plan, thus creating the urban growth boundary line 2004 Charleston County passes Half-Cent Sales Tax, which will generate local funding for several local road projects 2005 Charleston County submits application to State Infrastructure Bank for grant to build I-526 extension to James and Johns Islands 2006 State Infrastructure Bank (STIB) allocates $99 million to construction of proposed I-526 extension and pledges its entire $420 million budget to the project 2006 Community Impact Assessment (EDAW) warns of displacement of long-time residents and loss of affordable housing on James and Johns Islands if proposed I-526 extension is built 2007
Charleston County signs contract with STIB
2007 James Island Public Service Commission votes to oppose the extension of I-526 istockphoto.com
“For me, personally, the 526 extension would have run right through the middle of my family’s land. Furthermore, it would have been the final nail in the coffin for Johns Island. For years, people have put a lot of stock in the speculative housing market on Johns Island. Now that bubble has burst and it’s time to look at more sustainable, long-term economic models like local agriculture.”
Interstate at a Crossroads 2008 Coastal Conservation League commissions Glatting Jackson transportation consultants to develop alternative proposal – “New Way to Work” – which costs more than 50% less than proposed I-526 extension and improves traffic flow and public safety with far fewer negative impacts 2008 Federal resource agencies, NOAA and USFWS, urge DOT to consider alternatives to proposed I-526 2008 State resource agencies, SCDNR and SCDHEC, urge DOT to consider alternatives to proposed I-526 2009 Boeing announces decision to construct a new 787 Dreamliner plant along the Interstate 26 corridor, accentuating need for funds to upgrade I-26 and alleviate gridlock 2009 Town of James Island votes to oppose the extension of I-526 2009 In letter to Federal Highway Administration, NOAA states that “New Way to Work” alternative was discarded prematurely by DOT 2009 City of Folly Beach votes to oppose the extension of I-526 July 2010 DOT releases flawed draft Environmental Impact Study (EIS) of proposed I-526 extension that fails to include “New Way to Work” alternative July 2010 DOT releases “hybrid” Alternative G plan for I-526 extension – a low-speed, four-lane parkway August-September 2010 DOT conducts public hearings at Burke High School, West Ashley High School, James Island Charter High School and St. John's High School. 63% of citizens at these hearings voice objections to proposed I-526 extension
September 2010 Town of James Island elects three new council members and an incumbent, all of whom oppose proposed I-526 extension September 2010 Town of James Island reaffirms its opposition to extension of I-526
“Established on Johns Island in 1887, the Blake-Manigault family ties extend from the Red Top subdivision across Johns Island. We continue to grow. Family members own property and reside along Main Road, River Road, Bohicket Road and other roads that cross Johns Island. Our primary objection to the extension of I-526 is our moral commitment to the cultural dynamics emerging from centuries of slavery and segregation and their related impacts. We are inextricably rooted in the land as the bedrock of our culture. The plans to extend I-526 directly threatened our Gullah culture and our family way of life. As we watch the ninth generation of our family develop, we seek to guarantee them a future as well as a history.” - J. Herman Blake,Ph.D., Humanities Scholar in Residence and Professor of Health Professions and Dental Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina
“Those of us who live on Johns Island live here because of the rural character. The quality of life that we enjoy on Johns Island is directly related to the rural nature of the Island. Roads like I-526 actually discourage the type of development that will maintain rural character; the type of development that we want. Now I have hope that we can continue under the Charleston County Comprehensive Plan without the pressure brought with a highway such as I-526. We, the residents of Johns Island, are grateful that our elected leaders listened to us and decided not to continue with a project that would bring traffic, would be hard to manage, and that would threaten a lifestyle we want to continue.” - Cindy Floyd, attorney and resident of Johns Island
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Interstate at a Crossroads
- Richard A. Hall, PE, Transportation Engineer and President of Hall Planning & Engineering
"Local officials weren't intimidated by the SCDOT and did what they thought was best for their community. Extending I-526 made no sense from a traffic standpoint, especially if it was intended for hurricane evacuation. When [Hurricane] Rita hit Houston, its freeways concentrated traffic into a blockade of stalled vehicles. An enhanced network of smaller scale streets and roads would better improve traffic distribution and provide more reliable commuter and evacuation routes." - John O. Norquist, President & CEO of the Congress for the New Urbanism and former Mayor of Milwaukee (1988-2004)
September 2010 EPA urges Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) to deny permit to DOT for extension of I-526 October 2010 Charleston County directs DOT to take another look at improving local roads, and to reconsider the Coastal Conservation League's "New Way to Work" alternative that was previously passed over October 2010 National Marine Fisheries Service submits letter to ACOE stating that I-526 extension should not be built because it would cause unacceptable adverse impacts to fish and shellfish November 2010 Transportation Secretary Buck Limehouse tells Charleston County that to pursue an alternative plan to what DOT has proposed translates into a "no build" decision on I-526 extension January 2011 Anna Johnson and Joe Qualey sworn in as new representatives on Charleston County Council, both of whom previously served on James Island Town Council and oppose extension of I-526 February 2011 S.C. Senate confirms retired Major General Robert J. St. Onge, Jr. as Transportation Secretary February 2011 Charleston Mayor Joe Riley claims that “a silent majority” supports I-526 extension April 2011 Herb Sass, an opponent of I-526 extension, wins special election to fill the vacant East Cooper Charleston County Council seat April 14, 2011 Charleston County Council’s Finance Committee unanimously votes (8-0) to reject I-526 extension and votes (5-3) to negotiate a “no build” decision with the state – meaning no plan for the highway would move forward – unless the state considers “enhancements to existing transportation infrastructure to accomplish the project goals” April 19, 2011 Charleston County Council upholds its Finance Committee’s decision and votes (5-3) to terminate the extension of I-526 to James and Johns Islands, freeing up nearly $500 million for more important transportation needs
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“Charleston County Council made a bold, wise and well-informed decision to halt the expansion of I-526 through some of Charleston’s most pristine and cherished lands. From a transportation perspective, building highways like 526 are a 1970s solution and we have learned so much more since then about environmental impacts and balancing travel options for our citizens. Expanding I-526 would not only have degraded the environment and quality of life for many Charleston residents, but would also have failed to improve Charleston’s transportation issues. A more cost effective, sustainable and comprehensive solution to moving people and goods is needed in the Charleston region and County Council took an important first step in achieving that.”
Transforming South Carolina
A New Energy Mix
ENERGY E NERG solar NERGY
by Hamilton Davis, Energy & Climate Director
An Ideal Energy Source?
he Coastal Conservation League recognizes that natural gas, coal, and nuclear are and will continue to be part of our energy mix, but we also encourage our elected officials, business leaders, and all South Carolinians to support energy policies that will lead to a more secure and prosperous clean energy future for the Palmetto State. In an ideal world, fossil fuels wouldn’t pollute our air and water, nuclear waste and accidents would be long forgotten concerns, wind turbines wouldn’t pose any threat to wildlife, and solar energy would be cheap and easily deployable. In the real world, tough decisions must be made about where we source our energy and how we use it, and the impacts of poor decisions can range from inconvenience to catastrophe.
South Carolina's Policy Void
t a time when energy has become a global focus, South Carolina finds itself in the unenviable position of moving forward with major energy investments absent any comprehensive energy policy to act as a guide. Most significantly, four new nuclear reactors have been proposed for construction at two sites in the Palmetto State. This may not seem like a problem in and of itself, but upon closer inspection, there is ample cause for concern.
variety of factors have reduced the overall demand for the electric generation capacity of these four proposed nuclear reactors; but, instead of delaying some combination of these projects, the excess capacity is currently being shopped to Florida utilities. Duke Energy has signed an option with Jacksonville Electric Authority to sell up to 20% of the capacity of Duke’s proposed Lee nuclear facility in Cherokee County. And our state-owned utility, Santee Cooper, has signed a letter of intent with Orlando Utilities Commission to sell up to 10% of the capacity at the proposed Summer nuclear facility in Jenkinsville. This plant will be co-owned by Santee Cooper and SCE&G.
Options n alternative to moving forward with these four nuclear reactors could be found in a regional partnership amongst Duke Energy, Progress Energy, SCE&G and Santee Cooper, whereby one reactor at a time would be built in accordance with the demand needs of our in-state utilities. This option has been promoted by the Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, which serve a third of the state’s residential customers with power, and, ironically, has also been endorsed as a good idea by all of our state utilities. So what’s the problem? In a nutshell, our utilities are taking
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Transforming South Carolina
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the most expedient course towards new nuclear facilities and not prioritizing the interests of our state. Considering that Santee Cooper is a state owned entity and Progress, Duke, and SCE&G are regulated monopolies, the residents of South Carolina have every right to demand that the decisions these utilities make reflect our collective best interests and not simply the short term interests of their companies. It is virtually inarguable that a regional collaboration makes more sense from an economic and environmental perspective than building new nuclear capacity for outof-state utilities. As it stands, South Carolina residents will shoulder the economic and environmental risks that accompany the construction and operation of these
Lee Units 1 & 2 2,234 Mw
Catawba Units 1 & 2 2,258 Mw
Oconee Units 1-3 2,541 Mw
Summer Units 1-3 3,200 Mw
Plant Proposed for Construction
Nuclear Power in S.C. – Currently, South Carolina has seven nuclear power plants in operation, with four more proposed for construction.
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k ac Bl
Robinson 712 Mw
proposed nuclear facilities, while Florida utilities reap the benefits and avoid the challenges posed by nuclear waste storage, safe plant operation, water usage, and potentially major cost overruns during construction. In addition, we are now living in a post-Japan world where the potential for catastrophic accidents at nuclear facilities is again on everyone’s mind. The federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission is analyzing the Japanese accident and will be incorporating necessary design changes into the nuclear reactors now proposed for South Carolina. What those changes will entail, what they will mean for cost increases, and what they will mean for the viability of our state’s projects is not yet known.
hat we know for sure is that building a new nuclear reactor isn’t easy and isn’t cheap. Across the country, proposed reactors have been shelved or delayed because of cost overruns, the availability of cheaper alternative fuel sources like natural gas, and general apprehension by investors of taking on the economic risk of new nuclear. The South Carolina Legislature has eliminated many of these investment concerns by transferring economic risks onto utility rate payers (i.e. you). Our state’s Base Load Review Act allows for utilities to add costs incurred during the construction and permitting phases of new power plants to their customers’ electric bills prior to the power plant coming on line. In fact, even if these plants are never built, utilities can still recoup and make a return on these investments by passing the costs along to their customers.
Considering that Santee Cooper is a state owned entity and Progress, Duke, and SCE&G are regulated monopolies, the residents of South Carolina have every right to demand that the decisions these utilities make reflect our collective best interests and not simply the short term interests of their companies.
Transforming South Carolina
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Federal loan guarantees that insure a return on investment are also being made available for some prospective nuclear projects around the country. Whether the proposed projects in S.C. will take advantage of these loan guarantees is not yet certain. The bottom line is that the market cannot support construction of these nuclear facilities without the economic risk being transferred to rate payers and taxpayers. Another primary concern related to any outof-state sales of new nuclear capacity involves our state’s ability to adjust to the rising costs of fossil fuels. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is poised to begin regulating carbon dioxide emissions in the face of inaction by Congress. The price of coal has already seen dramatic increases due to mounting transportation costs and increased global demand of coal from developing countries; and this trend is expected to continue. Considering our state’s heavy reliance on fossil fuels for energy production and the fiscal liability this reliance represents, it is short-sighted in the extreme to endow Florida with the benefits of our state’s limited nuclear option.
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ON THE RISE by Ryan Black, Project Manager
n South Carolina, we generate more than 90% of our electricity at nuclear facilities and coalfired power plants, and we import 100% of the uranium and coal needed to fuel those operations – all because we lack our own traditional energy resources. These imports result in a stream of money flowing out of our state that exceeds one billion dollars annually. To reduce this unnecessary transfer of funds to other states and countries, we must continue to develop South Carolina’s abundant in-state resources, such as offshore wind, solar, geothermal, sustainable biomass, and energy efficiency.
Time to Plan
outh Carolina is wandering down a murky path towards an uncertain energy future, and our decisions will ultimately have consequences that last well into the middle of the 21st century . . . and we are doing it without a plan. As evidenced by the discussion above, market forces often have little to do with investment choices in the energy arena. Rather, policy dictates what is and isn’t a prudent investment for a utility. Therefore, if we want a diverse energy portfolio that balances traditional energy sources with renewable energy and aggressive energy efficiency programs, then we must have a comprehensive energy policy that makes economic and environmental sense for South Carolina. Or, we can just do what’s best for Florida.
Boeing Goes Solar
olar energy, in particular, has been in local headlines recently as SCE&G and Boeing announced a joint project which, in one fell swoop, will deploy more solar panels than the total number of panels already installed across South Carolina. Once completed, the 2.6 mega-watt installation atop Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner finalassembly plant will eclipse South Carolina’s current largest solar project – Santee Cooper’s Grand Stand
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Up on the Roof – Ten acres of solar laminate on the roof of the new Boeing Dreamliner plant make it the sixth largest solar array in the nation.
Solar Station – eight times over in installed capacity. While this monumental development is cause for celebration, the finer details of the project raise questions about the adequacy of solar policies in our state to promote economic development. Following a highly competitive bidding process, the lucrative contract to install the SCE&G-owned solar system atop the Boeing Plant was awarded to Baker Renewable Energy from North Carolina. After speaking with industry leaders from S.C., it became clear that the contract went to an out-ofstate firm because S.C.’s solar companies were simply too small and financially vulnerable to deliver a project of this magnitude on the tight schedule required. In contrast, North Carolina’s solar industry has been growing by leaps and bounds, even during the recent recession, in response to comprehensive energy legislation passed by the N.C. Legislature in 2007.
this legislation, in conjunction with other solar friendly state policies, has incubated a solar industry in North Carolina that is capable of engineering what will be one of the single largest rooftop arrays in the entire United States – the Boeing solar installation in North Charleston. Why did a South Carolina contractor not get the Boeing installation job? The answer is clear – South Carolina has not had the energy policies in place to foster a strong, homegrown solar industry. The Palmetto State can no longer afford to lag behind in this growing energy industry sector. We must pass renewable energy legislation on par with that of our neighbors in order to strengthen our in-state renewable energy industries and avoid the loss of further project development business to out-of-state firms. In that regard, the 35% Solar Tax Credit Bill, which passed out of the S.C. House of Representatives this spring, would move us in the right direction. However, the true test of our legislature’s commitment to the development of in-state energy resources and associated industries will arrive in the coming year, as the debate over a comprehensive clean energy policy for South Carolina begins in earnest.
South Carolina Missing Out
orth Carolina’s Renewable Portfolio Standard requires utilities, like Duke and Progress Energy, who operate across the Carolinas, to generate a percentage of their electricity from renewable resources. In less than five years,
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State House 2011 Lobby Day
onservationists from across South Carolina traveled to the State House on May 3rd for the 8th Annual Conservation Lobby Day and Oyster Roast. The day began with a morning briefing at the State Museum, featuring Columbia Mayor Steve Benjamin. Afterwards, the group proceeded to the State House, where the real work of the day began. Participants spent the next two hours in the State House lobby, tracking legislation and speaking directly with their representatives and senators. The afternoon was spent watching green films, touring the Columbia Canal Hydro Plant and Fish Ladder, and enjoying the capital city. In the evening, participants and invited legislators attended an informal oyster roast under the stars at the historic Seibels House, featuring live music and local foods. Conservation League staffer Merrill McGregor talks with Rep. Mike Pitts (R-Laurens).
Columbia Mayor Steve Benjamin addresses Lobby Day participants.
Senate President Pro Tempore Glenn McConnell (at left) speaks with some of his constituents.
Peggy Brown (at left) and a fellow conservationist wait to speak with their representatives in the State House Lobby.
(l-r) Conservation League staffers Nancy Cave and Ryan Black join John Tynan of Upstate Forever on a Common Agenda issue update panel. C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
State House 2011
Lobby Day participants tour the Columbia Canal Hydro Plant and Fish Ladder.
Lobby Day participants meet with state senators and representatives in the State House lobby.
LEGISLATIVE ROUNDUP Recycling Bill Passes Senate Senate bill # 461 – the Alcoholic Beverage Container (ABC) Recycling Bill – passed the Senate on the last day of the 2011 session thanks to bill sponsor Sen. Ray Cleary (R-Ceorgetown), our conservation lobbyists, and the statewide Recycling Coalition. It was a true team effort. The bill requires bars and restaurants with permits for on-site alcohol consumption to recycle plastic, glass, aluminum and corrugated cardboard. Recycling not only reduces the amount of waste going to our landfills, it creates jobs. Today, the state has seven recycling facilities and more than 300 collectors, brokers, processors and manufacturers of recycled material. According to the Clemson University Jim Self Center for the Future, the recycling industry generates more than 15,000 jobs, with expected growth of 12% annually. Ironically, an estimated 400,000 tons of recyclable material went to landfills in 2009, costing South Carolina taxpayers $31 million in disposal costs and a loss of $52 million in revenue from the sale of recyclable materials. Passage of S. 461 moves South Carolina closer to reaping the benefits of recycling, creating jobs, and reducing our waste stream. Over the summer, the Coastal Conservation League and its partners will be working to identify House sponsors for the bill and continuing to build statewide support for recycling – particularly within the hospitality industry – in preparation for the January 2012 Legislative Session.
For more information on these bills and other legislation before the General Assembly, please go to www.CoastalConservationLeague.org
Rescuing the Conservation Bank The Coastal Conservation League thanks Speaker of the House Bobby Harrell (R-Charleston) and Representatives Mike Pitts (RLaurens), Jim Merrill (R-Berkeley), Roland Smith (R-Aiken), Dan Cooper (R-Anderson) and Brian White (R-Anderson) for championing the Conservation Bank in the House this legislative session. They successfully persuaded their fellow legislators to pass H.3083, which keeps the Bank's doors open until 2023 and increases the Bank's governing board from 12 to 15 members. Senate President Pro Tempore Glenn McConnell (R-Charleston) and Senators Chip Campsen (R-Charleston), Vince Sheheen (D-Kershaw), Hugh Leatherman (R-Florence) and Yancey McGill (D-Williamsburg) have championed the Conservation Bank in the Senate, fighting to retain more than $2 million in funding. These state leaders recognize the incredible "returns" that the Conservation Bank earns for South Carolina. To date, the Bank has protected more than 152,000 acres of land for an average cost of less than $600 per acre. Sewage Overflow Audit and Phosphate Ban The Coastal Conservation League has worked closely with the S.C. Water Quality Association to ensure that chronic sewage overflow violators make the necessary plant upgrades to protect human health and the environment from excessive levels of E. coli and fecal coliform bacteria in untreated and partially treated wastewater. A Chronic Sewage Polluter Bill unanimously passed the House this session and received second reading in the Senate. The bill stipulates that DHEC must issue an order to any wastewater utility with two spills over 5,000 gallons each per 100 miles of collection pipe in a 12-month period, requiring the utility to conduct a comprehensive audit to determine what caused the spill and to fix the problems identified. Meanwhile, the League has joined forces with others in the conservation community to promote legislation that bans the sale, use and manufacture of high phosphate detergents in South Carolina. This bill has also received second reading in the Senate. Fifteen other states have passed similar legislation in order to reduce harmful levels of phosphorous that cause algae blooms and fish kills in waterways.
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Citizens Seek Cruise Ship Compliance with Local Ordinances Preservation Society and Neighborhood Associations join with Coastal Conservation League in lawsuit n June 13th, the Preservation Society of Charleston, Historic Ansonborough Neighborhood Association, Charlestowne Neighborhood Association and the Coastal Conservation League filed suit against Panama-based Carnival Cruise Lines to enforce local laws that protect Charleston’s healthy environment and treasured historic assets. Filed in South Carolina State Court, the legal action contends that large cruise ship operations in the heart of the city’s historic district run afoul of local zoning ordinances, snarl traffic by closing downtown streets, and violate state environmental permitting laws. “These laws were put in place to balance economic development, historic conservation and a healthy environment,” says Blan Holman, an attorney with the Southern Environmental Law Center, which filed the suit on behalf of the citizens groups. “People simply want to see Carnival play by the rules just like everyone else so that an uncontrolled cruise industry doesn’t swamp Charleston’s health and heritage. Charleston relies on a careful balance between tourism and preservation that cruise ship interests shouldn’t overwhelm.” Charleston has seen explosive cruise ship traffic in recent years, as the city has become a “home-port” for the Carnival Fantasy. The number of cruise ship visits has grown from 33 dockings in 2009, to 67 in 2010, to 89 scheduled for this year. Two-thirds of the 2011 visits are home-port calls by the
National Trust Names Charleston to its “Watch List” The National Trust for Historic Preservation has listed Charleston on a new “Watch List,” due to the threat of the cruise ship industry overwhelming the city. In naming Charleston to this newly created list of concern, the National Trust states, “In the case of Charleston, expanding cruise ship tourism could jeopardize the historic character of the city, historic downtown Charleston and its surrounding neighborhoods.” For more information about the Watch List, go to www.preservationnation.org/issues/11-most-endangered
Carnival Fantasy and involve the unloading of thousands of passengers and transfers of supplies and garbage. Two public streets in the downtown historic district are closed on embark/debark days because of the influx of cars and trucks. Prior to 2008, Charleston did not have cruise ships of the size and frequency that are now coming into port. Carnival began basing the Fantasy out of Charleston in 2010; meanwhile, the Celebrity Mercury was a frequent visitor to the city until the ship was reassigned, after experiencing major problems with a Norovirus outbreak. The Fantasy, a bigger ship, has 1,026 staterooms for hire – twice as many rooms as the largest hotel in Charleston – and towers more than ten stories high for almost a fifth of a mile along the historic waterfront.
13 ships in one month . . . 4 ships in one week April 2 ......... Carnival Fantasy April 5 ......... Princess Danae (Classic International) April 7 ......... Le Boreal (Cmpg lles du Ponant) April 8 ......... Carnival Fantasy April 13 ....... Oceania Regatta & Carnival Fantasy April 14 ....... Oceania Regatta April 17 ....... Navigator Regent Seven Seas April 18 ....... Carnival Fantasy April 23 ....... The World ResidenSea & Carnival Fantasy April 25 ....... The World ResidenSea April 29 ....... Carnival Fantasy
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Cruise Control “
SWEAT the Details
was the message at the May 9th Cruise Ship Forum at the College of Charleston
“It’s instructive to know that on that first National Geographic Traveler survey [in 2004] where Charleston did so well [#2 best sustainable destination in the U.S. with a score of 71], Key West stunned me by coming in with a score of 43; it was third from the bottom. And the Miami Herald called me up and asked ‘What’s the reason for this?’ And I said, ‘Well, actually I was kind of surprised . . . I thought Key West was in pretty good shape.’ And she said, ‘When were you there last?’ And I said, ‘1992, I think.’ She said, ‘Oh.’ [long pause] . . . During that time [1992-2004], the cruise traffic had transformed that place.” Jonathan Tourtellot, Founding Director of the Center for Sustainable Destinations “This Key West business is ridiculous . . . [Charleston’s cruise ship number] is so thoroughly digestible and there is no economic basis to expect Charleston to become a cruise ship Mecca . . . But, if in time, the Ports Authority wanted to ever increase more than their 4% [market share] of visitors a year, which is so manifestly digestible, they have given us a voluntary commitment and a process by which they would follow . . . ” Joseph Riley, Mayor, City of Charleston
“I don’t know of a major port in the world that has a codified limit on the amount of business it can do . . . I don’t know of many businesses that have limits on the amount of business they can do . . . It would be very damaging to the port to have that . . . We’re at the point where we have to move forward . . . We intend to redevelop Union Pier.” Jim Newsome, President & CEO, State Ports Authority
“I understand how the cruise terminal’s going to be done . . . it seems like not enough thought has been given to the rest of the plan [southern portion of Union Pier] and how it’s going to happen; who’s going to own it, and how you’re going to pay for it. Because to me, that’s where a lot of the benefits are accruing to the citizens, the visitors and to the city; and to me that still seems to be a long, long way off . . .” Harry Miley, Founding Principal of economic consulting firm, Miley & Associates, of Columbia, S.C.
“I think one of the great things about Charleston is that people argue over how to make it better . . . [For example] a surface parking lot on land that’s really valuable is not a good long-term use . . . [Reducing or eliminating surface parking at Union Pier] is the kind of detail that could make the plan work better from the standpoint of neighborhoods that are nearby . . . maybe you look a little bit longer and look and see if there’s just something that can improve it a little bit better and make it even more acceptable to the community.” John Norquist, President & CEO of the Congress for the New Urbanism and former Mayor of Milwaukee (1988-2004) “Not many places have been improved by the cruise industry . . . I don't know many of us (tourists) who come to a city and say, ‘Oh good! There's a cruise ship in!’” Jonathan Tourtellot, Founding Director of the Center for Sustainable Destinations
John Norquist C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
Hits the Beach!
To learn more about joining QOL and adding your voice for conservation, please visit:
QOL Ms. Marie Wiley Austin Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Baker Ms. Janie Ball Mr. and Mrs. Trey Chakides Mr. Charles G. Claus Dr. and Mrs. Richard Clinton William and Lucile Cogswell Mr. Charles Cole Ginny Lomel Conlon Mr. and Mrs. Paul A. Cooper II Mr. and Mrs. David Couey Jennifer Dare Mr. Anthony Del Porto and Ms. Gervais Hagerty Mr. Christopher DeScherer and Ms. Amanda Honeycutt Michael and Megan Desrosiers Mr. and Mrs. Dave DiBenedetto Ms. Elizabeth Dickinson Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Donovan Mr. and Mrs. John Dunnan Mr. and Mrs. John Emrick Mr. and Mrs. John S. Evans, Jr. Mrs. Caroline P. Fitzgerald Mr. and Mrs. Todd Flohr Mark and Julie Frye Mr. and Mrs. Wes Fuller Fuzzco Leize Gaillard Ms. Mary Gatch Alison and Arthur Geer Mr. Andrew Geer Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Brantley Gray Mr. and Mrs. James S. Gray Mr. and Mrs. Jay Griffin Mr. and Mrs. James M. Hagood Katharine and Winslow Hastie Mr. J. Blanding Holman IV Ms. Sarah Mae Ilderton Catherine R. Jones Katie James Kegel Mr. and Mrs. Gerald K. Kemerer, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Hunter Kennedy Ms. Nunally Kersh and Mr. Robert Stehling
For more QOL event photos go to www.facebook.com/QOLfans
Brian and Liz King Mr. and Mrs. Kristopher King Ms. Pam Kylstra Melissa and Michael Ladd Mr. and Mrs. Paul Langston Ms. Daisy Leath Mr. and Mrs. Matt C. Lee Ms. Adrienne Levy and Mr. David Betenbaugh Ms. Lindsay G. Luther Mr. Carl Mabry Mr. Michael Mansson Mr. and Mrs. Barnes McLaurin Ms. Nikki Mitchell Mr. Aeron H. Myers Katharine and Lindsay Nevin Lee Nodes Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Opoulos III Mr. and Mrs. Tom Pace Mrs. Hopie Parker Mr. and Mrs. Telfair Parker Ms. Magda Pelzer Ms. Margaret C. Pitts Helen Pratt-Thomas Ms. Jarrett R. Ransom Mr. and Mrs. Buff Ross Mr. and Mrs. Carter Rowson Mr. and Mrs. Milo Ryan Beth Safrit Mr. and Mrs. David Schaefers Mr. and Mrs. Robert Schoderbek Mr. Alec Sheaff Mr. Jeff Skahill Mr. and Mrs. Bachman Smith IV Mr. and Mrs. Andrew McBain Speir Ms. Nicole Streetman Mrs. Wynne Thomas Mr. and Ms. Gray Tiller Mr. and Mrs. Mark Turansky Ms. Leslie Turner Mr. and Mrs. Felix Von Nathusius Mr. and Mrs. Reid Warder Mr. and Mrs. Michael Whitfield Mr. and Mrs. T. Bright Williamson Heather A. Wilson Ms. Katherine S. Zimmerman C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
You! Give the Gift of Conservation ut of ideas on what to give your loved one for a birthday, wedding or anniversary? Instead of the standard present, give your friends and family the gift of conservation and support the work of the Coastal Conservation League through a gift membership. Gift memberships are a terrific way to involve friends of the Lowcountry in the good work of the Conservation League, and to keep them informed of our efforts to protect the quality of life that we all treasure in coastal South Carolina. The League is pleased to provide your gift recipient with the following benefits that come with a gift membership purchase:
X An attractive, customized membership document
College of Charleston MES students (l-r in photo) Brooke James & Marin Hawk
bearing the recipient’s name
X An annual subscription to the Coastal Conservation
rooke and Marin were both biology and environmental studies majors at Shenandoah University and Washington University, respectively. Now, they are graduate students in the Master of Science in Environmental Studies (MES) program at the College of Charleston. Marin is Vice President of the MES student association; Brooke is the public liaison for the group. The MES degree combines hard science with public policy and is one of the College’s largest graduate programs, with some 80 students currently enrolled. Typically, MES students don’t aspire to spend their careers in a lab or an academic institution. They tend to want to get out in the real world and tackle real world environmental issues. Perhaps that’s why MES students and alumni have been active with the Coastal Conservation League since the MES program was founded in 1994. Often serving as interns and volunteers, MES students have contributed their skills and knowledge, as well as their energy and student power, to a variety of projects at the Conservation League. In fact, Marin and Brooke are working with League staffers Amanda Cole and Courtenay Speir to engage MES students with the environmental issues most important to them: GrowFood Carolina and the local food movement; a sustainable campus initiative; efficient commuting to and from campus; fighting the I-526 extension; harbor dredging; energy, and cruise ships, to name a few. The student leaders are looking forward to the fall, which is a good time for recruiting volunteers, especially with the arrival of a new MES class. As Brooke puts it, “Being green is generally more mainstream now, even though it’s still very politicized in Charleston. Education can make a real difference.”
League’s award-winning newsletter X Special invitations to members-only gatherings, and opportunities to enjoy nature with fellow conservationists X A Coastal Conservation League bumper sticker X A commemorative coozie drink holder with the Conservation League logo
Gift Memberships start at $25 and are available at all giving levels. Call Amanda Cole at 843-725-2064, or email her at email@example.com to order yours today!
Leave Your Mark ou are committed to conservation. You care deeply about the future of coastal South Carolina. You believe in the mission of the Coastal Conservation League to protect and preserve our Lowcountry environment and way of life. And while you may already be a donor to the Conservation League, you may wish you could do more to support our work. As you consider the mark you’ll leave on a landscape that has shaped your life and that of your family, please consider including the Coastal Conservation League in your estate plans. Your financial planner or attorney can answer any questions you may have about including the Conservation League in your will, and the League development staff is happy to discuss our Coastal Legacy program with you. For more information, please call Development Director Courtenay Speir at 843-723-9895.
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by Andrea Malloy, Interim Director of the South Coast Office
spent a good deal of my working life in New York reminding people they were surrounded by water and that it was safe to be near that water. That is not an issue where I live now. In Beaufort, the water is an obvious and integral part of nearly every individual’s life. In my four years here, I have yet to meet a single person that is not tied to the water in some critical way. When I first arrived, I sent heady emails to friends in New York: “Fish fries, crab cracks, oyster roasts and shrimp boils; I am never coming back!” I am not originally from New York. I was raised on another southern coast – Jacksonville Beach, Florida. As I grew up, I watched giant condominiums diminish my connection to the ocean. Everyone wanted to be close to the beach and this was their answer. The connection to the water in my hometown was incomplete – people were connected easily to the desire to be close to the ocean, but did not comprehend that the connection unavoidably runs both ways. There was little understanding that the quality and accessibility of our ocean would be negatively impacted by our very actions to draw it nearer. The planning and building choices made in Jacksonville would have a lasting impact on our ability to sustain the connection to water as we had known it. By 1985, my neighborhood had been radically transformed into an undesirable place to live, the connection to the water irrevocably severed. Fortunately, the core of Beaufort has been preserved as it was originally planned. Living in downtown Beaufort, I can easily walk to the water in three of four directions from my home. My rental is priced at what would be called “workforce housing,” but I am just blocks away from both milliondollar historic homes and public housing units. I – along with many others from differing
walks of life – can enjoy a breeze off of the water from my porch, take in a sunset over the water, or even watch dolphins, if I am lucky. Every feature of my neighborhood allows the marshes to peek through. Even when I am not taking the time I should to enjoy my surroundings, the water that flows through Beaufort slips into my everyday life and softens the edges. The way the neighborhood is built
makes connecting to the water so easy, almost an afterthought. And it is this connection that makes Beaufort what it is for me.
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New General Manager of GrowFood Carolina
reating a vibrant and sustainable local food economy is one of the most important environmental and social goals that every community should be focused on for our future,” says Sara Clow, new General Manager of GrowFood Carolina, scheduled to launch this fall in Charleston. “I’m thrilled for the opportunity to work with GrowFood Carolina and the Coastal Conservation League to directly connect local growers and producers to the community through retailers, restaurants and other consumers. We can make these goals a reality in South Carolina. It’s a very exciting time!” Sara comes to us from Purity Organic, Inc. of San Francisco, California, where she was General Manager from 2007 to 2011. Before that, Sara was Commodity Manager for Purity Organic Produce from 2004 to 2007. A graduate of Vanderbilt University, Sara is delighted to be returning South, and goes on to say, “A sustainable food system should be the # 1 goal of every community and I’m confident that I can help make that goal a reality in Charleston.” Welcome, Sara!
Thank You, Nancy Vinson! fter working more than 20 years on the leading – and often confrontational – edge of environmental issues in South Carolina, Conservation League Program Director Nancy Vinson is now stepping back to spend more time working with her church, traveling with family and friends, and engaging in other arenas. While Nancy will occasionally work on special projects for the Conservation League, as she puts it, “Although I know I will miss working with many of you, I’m walking around with a huge smile on my face, happy with my new direction.” Since 1994, Nancy served as Water Quality Program Director for the League, focusing on protecting the clean waters and wildlife habitats of the Lowcountry’s tidal creeks, salt marshes and beaches. Some of her signature victories include the defeat of a stockcar racetrack at the edge of Four Hole Swamp and Beidler Forest, the defeat of the Andell Lock Harbor Marina on Bohicket Creek, the passage of the most stringent factory hog farm regulations in the nation, and the establishment of regulations governing and preventing unnecessary bridging of tidelands and marsh islands. Before joining the staff of the Conservation League, Nancy was Director of the S.C. Chapter of the Sierra Club, and prior to that, a research specialist with the USC School of Medicine. A native of West Columbia, Nancy graduated with honors from the University of South Carolina with a degree in Marine Science, and was awarded the Women in Conservation award from the President of the National Audubon Society in 2005. Congratulations and heartfelt thanks to Nancy for her outstanding contributions to a cleaner and healthier environment for all South Carolinians. May her future endeavors reap similarly wonderful rewards.
Sara Clow Joins Staff
Bicyclists Welcome – Conservation League board member Jeffrey Schutz has donated brand new bike racks to the League’s Charleston office at 328 East Bay Street.
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Live Oak Society
Contributions Received from May 1, 2010 - April 30, 2011
The Coastal Conservation League works very hard to ensure that all donor names are listed correctly; however, occasional mistakes do occur. Please contact Database Manager Nora Kravec at (843) 725-2057 with any questions or corrections. $10,000+ Anonymous (2) Penny and Bill Agnew American Rivers, Inc. Anthony and Linda Bakker Melinda Ballard The Ballard Family Foundation Ms. Lynn Bergeson Mr. Nathan Berry and Ms. Ceara Donnelley Butler Conservation Fund, Inc. Charlotte Caldwell and Jeffrey Schutz The Margaret A. Cargill Foundation Ceres Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Chitty Coastal Community Foundation of South Carolina Vivian Donnelley Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation Strachan Donnelley Family Charitable Lead Unitrust Demeter Fund The Festoon Foundation, Inc. Foundation for the Carolinas Dorothea and Peter Frank Nancy and Larry Fuller Laura and Steve Gates Mr. Jeffrey Goldstein The Grantham Foundation for the Protection of the Environment William and Mary Greve Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Hale Joanna Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Peter R. Kellogg Mr. Thomas Laco Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Lane Mr. Hugh C. Lane, Jr. Mr. T. Cartter Lupton II Lyndhurst Foundation Merck Family Fund Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank III Mills Bee Lane Foundation Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Ms. Justine J. Nathan National Foundation for Philanthropy The Osprey Foundation Mr. Guy Paschal Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr. Post and Courier Foundation V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Roy Richards, Jr. Steven and Barbara Rockefeller Mr. and Mrs. Richard R. Schmaltz Jeffrey Schutz and Charlotte Caldwell Mrs. Anne Rivers Siddons and Mr. Heyward Siddons Mr. David Siddons Ms. Dorothy D. Smith Dorothy D. Smith Charitable Foundation Ms. Libby Smith Fred and Alice Stanback, Jr. The Chicago Community Foundation Mr. Daniel K. Thorne Daniel K. Thorne Foundation Gary and Mary Beth Thornhill
Tides Foundation Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation Jane Smith Turner Foundation Turner Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. James C. Vardell III Joe and Terry Williams WestWind Foundation Yawkey Foundation $5,000-$9,999 Anonymous (3) John and Jane Beach Virginia and Dana Beach Ms. Margaret N. Blackmer Mrs. Margaret P. Blackmer Henry M. Blackmer Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. C. Austin Buck Mr. John Cay Mr. and Mrs. William C. Cleveland Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Coen The Edward Colston Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Colbert Community Foundation of the Lowcountry, Inc Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cooper Mr. and Mrs. John Crawford Mr. and Mrs. P. Steven Dopp Mr. and Mrs. Martin G. Dudley Mr. and Mrs. Berry Edwards Mr. and Mrs. J. Henry Fair, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. George W. Fennell James L. Ferguson Mr. and Mrs. S. Parker Gilbert Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Hagerty Mr. Hank Holliday Billie and Alan Houghton Mr. and Mrs. John Philip Kassebaum Ms. Linda G. Ketner Mr. Paul Kimball Lakeside Foundation Barbara M. Lindstedt Charitable Trust Mr. and Mrs. John E. Masaschi Mr. and Mrs. Irenee duPont May Mr. and Mrs. W. Wallace McDowell, Jr. McDowell Foundation of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Mitchell, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. John H. Rashford Price R. and Flora A. Reid Foundation Rothnie Family Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. Klaus Said Klaus T. Said Charitable Lead Annuity Trust Mr. Robert P. Schofield Drs. Ryan and Erin Smith Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Tenney Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Susan and Trenholm Walker Ziff Properties Charleston $2,000-$4,999 Anonymous (1) Mr. J. Marshall Allen Mr. and Mrs. William R. Barrett, Jr.
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Mr. and Mrs. Dan Bailey Mr. J. Anderson Berly III Community Foundation of Greater Chattanooga, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Wade C. Crow Michael and Megan Desrosiers Mr. John O. Downing Fuzzco Mr and Mrs. E. Stack Gately Gerdau Ameristeel Holly H. Hook and Dennis A. Glaves Katharine and Winslow Hastie Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Ilderton Bob and Jackie Lane Scott and Gayle Lane Mr. and Mrs. Charles C. Lane Lasca and Richard Lilly Lasca and Richard Lilly Fund of the Vanguard Charitable Trust Dr. Suzanne Lindsay and Mr. Bruce Lindsay The Suzanne and Bruce Lindsay Charitable Foundation Kathie Livingston Magnolia Plantation Foundation Mr. and Mrs. John C. Maize, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. G. Alex Marsh III Mr. and Mrs. Charles K. Marshall Dr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Mather Mrs. Harriet P. McDougal Mr. and Mrs. James O. Mills Mrs. Lillie F. Moredock Mr. and Mrs. Alan A. Moses Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. Parks Charles and Celeste Patrick Mr. and Mrs. David Paynter Mrs. Joan C. Pittman Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost Mr. and Mrs. Charles D. Ravenel Grace Jones Richardson Trust Mr. and Mrs. James H. Rion, Jr. Mr. John M. Rivers, Jr. Foundation, Inc. David W. and Susan G. Robinson Foundation Mrs. David Robinson Dr. Sally Self Ms. Martha Jane Soltow Brys Stephens Stephens Foundation Stony Point Foundation Mr. and Mrs. T. Paul Strickler William and Shanna Sullivan Charles and Jo Summerall The New York Community Trust Mr. and Mrs. Jacques S. Theriot H.L. Thompson, Jr. Family Foundation Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Warrington Foundation Waterwheel Foundation, Inc. Dr. Robert Ellis Welch, Jr. The Williams Companies, Inc. Dr. Louis Wright and Ms. Patricia Giddens Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Wyrick, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Stephen J. Ziff
Thank You! Mike and JoAnne Marcell Market Street Trust Company Mr. and Mrs. David Maybank, Jr. Mrs. John L. McCormick Mr. and Mrs. Barclay McFadden III Goffinet and Ian McLaren Mr. John F. McNamara John F. & Susan B. McNamara Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. P.O. Mead III Ms. Georgia Meagher Sally H. Mitchell Morning Sun Foundation Mr. Hugh Comer Morrison Mrs. Elizabeth B. O’Connor Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Opoulos III Ms. Elizabeth F. Orser Pasadena Community Foundation Dr. Robert Payne and Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas Plantation Services, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Gary P. Quigley George and Mary Rabb Charitable Fund of the Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Mr. Richard Rainaldi Mr. and Mrs. S. Kim Reed Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey K. Richards Mr. and Mrs. William R. Richardson, Jr. Dr. Georgia C. Roane Mrs. Susan Romaine Mr. and Mrs. James B. Rothnie, Jr. Bob Rymer and Catherine Anne Walsh Dr. H. Del Schutte, Jr. Schwab Charitable Fund Mr. and Mrs. W. Tobias Sherrill Mr. T. Grange Simons V Mr. Matt Sloan Dr. Stephanie Smith-Phillips and Dr. James Phillips Southern States Educational Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Stevens Mr. and Mrs. Jan S. Suwinski Mrs. Bailey W. Symington Mr. John H. Tiencken, Jr. Tom Uffelman and Patty Bennett Mr. Robert L. Underwood Mr. and Mrs. Greg VanDerwerker Vortex Foundation W.H. Hunt and Company Sally Webb Ms. Barbara L. Welch Dr. and Mrs. Tad Whiteside Marjorie Woodruff Dr. W. Curtis Worthington Ms. Martha C. Worthy $500-$1,999 Anonymous (1) Mr. and Mrs. Conrad P. Albert Richard and Tannis Alkire Mr. and Mrs. William E. Applegate IV Ms. Vivian D’Amato Asche Ms. Gloria V. Avent The Ayco Charitable Foundation The Barker Welfare Foundation Mrs. Katrina Becker Mr. L. Russell Bennett Elizabeth Calvin Bonner Foundation Ms. Amy Bunting Mr. John Burbage Mr. William Campbell and Ms. Susan Hilfer Mr. and Mrs. Leigh Carter Mrs. Ann Rodgers Chandler Mr. Thomas Clements Drs. Bradford and Cynthia Collins Mr. and Mrs. David A. Creech Mr. Malcolm M. Crosland, Jr. C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
Dr. and Mrs. William Fort Crosswell Mr. and Mrs. Charles T. Cumbaa Mr. Hal Currey and Ms. Margaret Schachte Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Daen Jane Tucker Dana and David D. Aufhauser Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth P. Daniels Mrs. Blair Bunting Darnell Emily Darnell-Nunez Mr. and Mrs. Emmett I. Davis, Jr. Mrs. Diane O. De Angelis Curtis and Arianna Derrick Mr. Christopher DeScherer and Ms. Amanda Honeycutt Mr. and Mrs. Peter B. Dodds Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. P. Duell Mr. D. Reid Ellis Mr. Mark Essig and Mrs. Martha Craft-Essig Ethel Jane Westfeldt-Bunting Foundation Mark and Kay Ethridge The Freddie Mac Foundation Mary Fleming Finlay Ms. Catherine H. Forrester Mr. and Mrs. George C. Francisco IV Mr. and Mrs. Dave Gabriel Alison and Arthur Geer Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer Dr. Annette G. Godow Mary Jane Gorman Dr. and Mrs. Gene W. Grace Blair and Nancy Hahn Ms. Mary E. S. Hanahan Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Hanlin Dr. Kit M. Hargrove Ms. Sherrerd Hartness Mr. and Mrs. Whitney Hatch, via the Ayco Charitable Foundation Mr. William Andrew Hautt Mr. and Mrs. Oliver R. Head, Jr. and Mary M. Head Gift Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. William J. Hennessy, Jr. Mr. Fred B. Herrmann Mr. Edwin Hettinger and Ms. Beverly Diamond Mr. and Ms. John A. Hill Mr. William L. Hiott, Jr. Mr. F. James Hodges Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Hoffius Mr. James H. Hoffman Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Horlbeck Ms. Margaret L. Howell Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Jackson, Sr. Mr. Roger White and Dr. Deanna Jackson Ms. May Jones Mr. Todd P. Joye Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Jules Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth S. Kammer Mr. and Mrs. Michael Kapp Mr. and Mrs. James J. Kerr Mr. and Mrs. James E. Kistler Mr. and Mrs. Eric Klein Mrs. Dudley Knott Mr. and Mrs. Karl L. Landgrebe III Mr. and Mrs. Dennis J. Lee Chip and Coleman Legerton Mr. Reynold Levy Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Mr. and Mrs. Fulton D. Lewis Dr. and Mrs. Lanneau D. Lide Ms. Tish Lynn Timothy J. Lyons, M.D. Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Marshall Mr. William A. Martin Dr. John Mattheis Dr. and Mrs. Brem Mayer Mr. Malcolm McAlpin Mr. and Mrs. Francis X. McCann
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$1,000-$1,999 Anonymous (2) Mr. Donald Alderman Mr. and Mrs. Richard Almeida Drs. T. Brantley and Penny Arnau Chuck and Betsy Baker Mrs. Ann R. Baruch Carefree Catering Caroline V. Beeland and John M. Moore Blackbaud, Inc. Blackwater, LLC Mr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Blagden, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel W. Boone III Ms. Elizabeth Bradham and Mr. J. Randolph Pelzer Dr. Eloise Bradham and Dr. Mark George Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Brumley The Brumley Family Foundation and Trust Mr. and Mrs. Robert Burt Dr. and Mrs. Robert W. Cain Nancy and Billy Cave The Cecil Family Central Carolina Community Foundation Mr. Steven Chamberlain Mr. Elliott S. Close Dr. and Mrs. Richard L. Cross Mrs. Mary C. Cutler Mr. R. Gordon Darby Ms. Connie Darden-Young and Mr. Jesse Colin Young Mrs. Palmer Davenport Mr. Chris Davis Dr. Lisa Drakeman and Mr. Don Drakeman Mr. and Mrs. F. Reed Dulany, Jr. Ms. Carol B. Ervin Ms. Margaret D. Fabri Ms. Nina M. Fair Mr. H. McDonald Felder Dr. Paula Feldman and Mr. Peter Mugglestone Mr. and Mrs. Peter Feldman Dr. and Mrs. C.W. Fetter Dr. and Mrs. Philip A. Finley Mr. and Mrs. H. Charles Ford Ms. Julia Forster and Mr. John E. Thompson Rev. and Mrs. David Fort Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence T. Foster Mr. Robert W. Foster, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Freeman Mrs. Dallas L. Garbee Drs. Andrew Geer and Susan Moore Mr. and Mrs. George W. Gephart, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Gerber Mr. James R. Gilreath GlaserDuncan The Good Works Foundation Mr. Alvin Hammer Ms. Sarah Hamlin Hastings Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Hawkins Mr. and Mrs. R. Glenn Hilliard James and Margaret Hoffman Mr. J.W.F. Holliday Holly Houghton and David Walker Mrs. Robert R. Huffman Mr. Richard W. Hutson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Orton P. Jackson III Ms. Holly R. Jensen Mrs. Denise John Mr. and Mrs. George P. Johnston Dr. William Kee and Dr. Franklin Lee Dr. and Mrs. John J. Keyser Mrs. Harriet Keyserling Lacuna Corporation Mr. and Mrs. Roy F. Laney Dr. Diane D. Lauritsen Mr. and Mrs. W.J. Leath, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Michael A. Maginnis Ms. Lee Manigault
Live Oak Society
Thank You! Pat F. and Suzanne C. McGarity Mr. and Mrs. James D. McGraw Mr. and Mrs. William McKeachie Mr. and Mrs. Roger F. Meyer Mr. and Mrs. Kincaid Mills Ms. Ruth Miller Mr. and Mrs. John M. Mirsky Russell E. and Elizabeth W. Morgan Foundation Ms. Martha Morgan Mr. Lawrence H. Moser Mr. and Mrs. William D. Nettles, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Alan I Nussbaum Dr. and Mrs. J. David Osguthorpe Mr. and Mrs. Coleman C. Owens Mrs. D. Williams Parker Ms. Kate Parks Dr. and Mrs. B. Daniel Paysinger
Mr. and Mrs. Roger E. Podesta Mr. and Mrs. Ernest L. Ransome III Reliance Financial Corporation Robert L. Huffines, Jr. Foundation, Inc Mr. Dan Rogge Dr. Abigail Ryan Mr. Richard B. Saxon Mr. and Mrs. Charles Schaller Mr. and Mrs. Edwin F. Scheetz, Jr. Dickie and Mary Schweers Sea Biscuit Café Ms. Mary E. Sharp Dr. and Mrs. Gerald J. Shealy Dr. James G. Simpson Dr. and Mrs. William M. Simpson, Jr. Harriet and Dick Smartt Mr. and Mrs. Gary C. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Rik Snyder
Dr. and Mrs. John G. Steedman Dr. and Mrs. James Stephenson Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Stoothoff Mr. and Mrs. Louis E. Storen Mr. and Mrs. Richard Sturgis Dr. Eugene Vasilew Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan G. Verity Mr. Jerry Voight Dr. and Mrs. James D, Wells Mr. and Mrs. Frederick H. West Ms. Walda Wildman and Mr. Mack Maguire Dr. and Mrs. George W. Williams Mr. and Mrs. Lance B. Wyatt
NEW AND RENEWING MEMBERSHIPS February 1, 2011 – April 30, 2011 Special Gifts
COASTAL LEGACY SOCIETY
The Coastal Legacy Society honors those who have provided for the Coastal Conservation League through their wills or estate plans. By making a gift to the Coastal Legacy Society, you will join this group of extraordinary individuals in their commitment to protect the Lowcountry for generations. If you are interested in finding out more about naming the Coastal Conservation League in your will or estate plans, please contact Development Director Courtenay Speir at (843) 723-9895. Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Rusell Burns, Jr. Mrs. Charlotte Caldwell and Mr. Jeffrey Schutz Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Coffee, Jr. Ms. Marcia Curtis Mr. Howard F. Drew Ms. Carol B. Ervin Mrs. Mary C. Everts Dr. Annette G. Godow Miss Florence E. Goodwin Ms. Janis C. Hammett Ms. Teri Lynn Herbert Kathy and Dan Huger Ms. Jane E. Lareau Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Dr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Mather Mr. Miles F. McSweeney Ms. Nancy C. Phillips Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost Mr. and Mrs. I. Mayo Read, Jr. Mr. Jason A. Schall Richard R. Schmaltz Mr. and Mrs. John J. Tecklenburg Mr. Thad Timmons Dr. and Mrs. George W. Williams
Mr. John F. Atkinson Mrs. Mary L. Ballou Mr. and Mrs. Chris Barton Mr. Leslie L. Bateson Mr. Edgar A. Bergholtz Blackwater, LLC Mr. William E. Boney III Ms. Carroll Ann Bowers Mr. John F. Brown Mr. and Mrs. Alan Burrell Dr. and Mrs. Brian G. Cuddy Mr. and Mrs. Morris K. Deason Ms. June N. Derrick Ms. Carol Tanner Dotterer Mr. Patrick H. Eager Mr. Randell Ewing Dr. Timothy K. Gray Mr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Hansen, Jr. Ms. Hannah B. Heyward Mr. J. W. F. Holliday Katy and Dan Huger Mrs. Evelyn S. Irwin Dr. and Mrs. W. Scott James Eleanor Kubeck Mr. and Mrs. C. Dinos Liollio Dr. and Mrs. John C. Maize Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Marshburn Mr. and Mrs. William M. Matthew Col. and Mrs. Thomas G. McCunniff Mr. and Mrs. Donald O. McDaniel Ms. Courtenay McDowell and Mr. Richard Gregory Capt. and Mrs. William L. Miles Mrs. Jean F. Moody Mr. Robert G. Nebergall Mr. John W. Ray Ms. Mary P. Riley Mr. Robert P. Schofield III Mr. David R. Smith Col. and Mrs. Norm Smith Mr. and Mrs. D. Paul Sommerville Ms. Karen B. Spencer D.V.M. Dr. and Mrs. George W. Williams Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Wood Dr. W. Curtis Worthington
Advocate ($250-$499) Dr. and Mrs. Robert L. Avinger, Jr. Barrier Island Eco Tours Mr. Rhett S. Bickley Dr. P. Jeffrey Bower and Ms. Mignon Faget Mr. and Mrs. John Bresnan Mr. and Mrs. Stanley E. Clarke Ms. Dorothy Coley and Mr. Robert Cross Michael and Claudia Cordray Mr. and Mrs. Larry Creel Mr. and Mrs. James K. Dias
Mr. and Mrs. Richard W. Drummond Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Ellison II Mr. and Mrs. Wayne R. Fanning Dr. Sandra L. Fowler Mr. and Mrs. Kinney Gause Mr. Andrew Geer Mr. and Mrs. George R. Geer, Jr. Bill and Eleanor Hare Ms. Katharine M. Hartley Mr. and Mrs. William H. Hays III Ms. Anne F. Jennings Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr Ms. Julia Krebs and Mr. Roger Hux Melissa and Michael Ladd Jonathan Lamb Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Charles and Lisa Menefee Mr. and Mrs. Boulton D. Mohr Mr. and Mrs. Robert Nevin Ms. Sis Nunnally Dr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Ogle Mrs. Constance S. Parramore Dr. and Mrs. Frederick E. Reed, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Thomas P.R. Rivers Mr. Legrand A. Rouse II Mrs. Patricia C. Stewart Dr. and Mrs. Charles P. Summerall III Sun City Hilton Head Kayak Club Dr. Arch W. Templeton Drs. Christine and C. Murry Thompson, Jr. Mr. Edward Thoms Mrs. Alice O. Walker Charles and Elizabeth Wenner Dr. Dara H. Wilber Mr. and Mrs. D. Mark Wilson
Contributor ($100-$249) Ms. Kate B. Adams Mr. and Mrs. Demetri Baches Ms. Jean R. Ballentine Mrs. Mary L. Ballou Ms. Linda Beale Mr. and Mrs. Douglas M. Berchem Mr. Charles J. Bethea Ms. Laura Ann Blake-Orr Drs. Colum and Deo Boyland Mr. Jack Brantley Mr. Paul Bronzo Mr. John F. Brown Mel and Jack Brown Dr. Jack Bryan Mr. and Mrs. C. Ashley Bullard Ms. Brenda Burbage Mr. and Mrs. Hardwick H. Burr Ms. Barbara H. Burwell Mr. and Mrs. McBee Butcher Ms. Paula W. Byers Ms. Randy Cabell
C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
Ms. Margaret H. Carter Mr. Adrian J. Chanler Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Chase Mr. and Mrs. David Clark Mr. and Mrs. Paul Coble Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Cohen Dr. and Mrs. Bruce C. Coull Dr. and Mrs. Thomas G. Croffead Mr. Hamilton Davis Mr. and Mrs. James C. Davis Mr. John G. Davis Dr. Phillip Davis Ms. June N. Derrick Ms. Martha Browning Dicus Mr. and Mrs. Elliott Dodds Ms. Susan K. Dunn Mr. and Mrs. Calder D. Ehrmann Mrs. Theodora L. Feldberg Dr. Charles E. Friedman Ms. Karen H. Gentry Mr. John W. Glenn Mr. and Mrs. Bob Greaves Mr. and Mrs. L. Marion Gressette III Mr. and Mrs. J. Penn Griffen Mr. and Mrs. Joseph P. Griffith, Jr. Mrs. Linda S. Groen Jim and Kay Gross Dr. Gail J. Guzzo Mr. and Mrs. Paul R. Hadley Ms. Rosemary Hartnett Mr. Jonathan N. Harvey Mr. and Mrs. Eric C. Helfers Dr. Jim and Jackie Hill Mr. and Mrs. Bob P. Hosler Mr. and Mrs. Woody House Mr. T. Lee Howard Mrs. Vera C. Hyman Mr. H. W. Igleheart Mr. and Mrs. Clifton S. Jones Mark and Frances Jones Dr. Elizabeth Joyce Mr. Patrick R. Kelley Mr. James O. Kempson Mr. and Mrs. James M. Klein Ms. Nancy M. Kreml Mr. and Mrs. Eric Lacy Mr. Edward T. Legare Mrs. Clarence W. Legerton Mr. William Lesesne Mr. and Mrs. William S. Logan Mr. and Mrs. Langdon D. Long Mr. Gordon Lyle, Jr. Patrick and Valerie Mauldin Mr. and Mrs. C.R. Maxwell Mrs. Margaret Ann May Ms. Eileen Mary McGuffie Mr. William W. McKinnon Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm T. McPherson
Thank You! In honor of Celeste Patrick, Randall Goldman, and the staff of the American Theater Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr
Gifts of Membership Mr. and Mrs. Robert Connor for Kelie Connor Mr. and Mrs. Robert Connor for Kelcie Connor Mr. and Mrs. Rowland Gersen for Alison Gersen
Community Foundations Coastal Community Foundation of South Carolina Mrs. Joan C. Pittman Mr. F. James Hodges Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Community Foundation of Greenville Mr. James R. Gilreath New York Community Trust Dr. William Kee Community Foundation of Greater Chatanooga, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Kincaid Mills
In memory of George W. Miller Mrs. Phyllis Miller
Honor/Memorials In honor of Mimi Dias Mr. Steven Chamberlain
In memory of Cynthia Fitzgerald Roberts Sea Biscuit Cafe
In memory of Eugene DeVeaux Mr. E. Douglas Franklin
In memory of Lawrence Walker Ms. Mary E. S. Hanahan
The Coca-Cola Company Matching Gifts Program GE Foundation HCR ManorCare Foundation IBM International Foundation The Pfizer Foundation
In memory of Susan Dulany James and Page Hungerpiller Mr. and Mrs. M. Lane Morrison Ms. LaTrelle Scherffius
Community Foundation of the Lowcountry, Inc. Eileen Fitzgerald
John and Joanne Milkereit Mr. and Mrs. John P. Miller Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Muench Mr. and Mrs. John Muench Mr. Vincent Musi and Ms. Mary Shell Mr. and Mrs. John D. Ohlandt Dr. and Mrs. Robert S. Ottinger Palmetto Garden Club Mr. John T. Poole Mr. and Mrs. William L. Pope Ms. Cynthia Swanson Powell Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt Pringle, Jr. The Prudential Foundation Matching Gifts Mr. John L. Quigley, Jr. Dr. Carroll A. Quinn Mr. Frank W. Rambo Ms. Cheryl Randall Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Rensberry Mr. and Mrs. William R. Richardson Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Robinson Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. Rogers IV Ms. Nedenia C. Rumbough Mr. and Mrs. Louis A. Schmitt, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Allyn W. Schneider Mr. and Mrs. George Schneider Ms. Jane Senseney Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Simmons, Jr. Lt. Col. and Mrs. John E. Sims Philip and Jane Sine Mr. and Mrs. C. Harwin Smith Mr. and Mrs. E.H. Stanley, Jr. Col. and Mrs. Walter C. Stanton Mr. and Mrs. John C. Stevens III Mr. and Mrs. Marshall C. Stone, Jr. Mr. Glenn Storck and Ms. Susan Harrington Dr. and Mrs. Luther M. Strayer III Mr. and Mrs. John J. Stuart Mr. William B. Talbert, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Howard P. Taylor Louis and Jane Theiling Mr. and Mrs. William Foxworth Thompson Mr. and Mrs. R. E. E. Thorpe, Jr. Dr. Ann Truesdale and Mr. James Truesdale Mr. and Mrs. Mark Turansky Mrs. Diane Vergot Mr. and Mrs. Maurice K. Veronee Waccamaw Audubon Society Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. Walker Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Whittemore Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Williamson Mr. and Mrs. Bonum S. Wilson, Jr. Ms. Wendy Wilson Mrs. and Mrs. Marguerite T. Wingard Mrs. Elizabeth J. Witham Mrs. Johnnie L. Witt Ms. Patricia Wolman Dr. and Mrs. Frank J. Wyman Mr. and Mrs. Loren Ziff
Supporter ($50-$99) Keene Adams Dr. and Mrs. William H. Adams Dr. and Mrs. William D. Anderson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas D. Angell Mr. and Mrs. Stephen R. Austin Mr. and Mrs. Jason T. Ayers Mr. Joseph Azar Mr. and Mrs. Peter A. Balbach Ms. Marianne H. Ball Mr. Weldon P. Barker Carol R. Barnett Mr. and Mrs. Capers G. Barr III Mr. George S. Betsill Drs. William and Sallie Boggs Drs. Marion L. Brown and Marilyn Mumford Ms. Angie Y. Calhoun Ms. Julia Cart Mr. and Mrs. A. Crawford Clarkson, Jr. Ms. Margaret Cormack Mr. Woody Cox Mr. and Mrs. John T. Crawford Mr. and Mrs. James M. Cubie Ms. Lauren Davis Mr. William Dickison Dr. William E. Dufford Mr. David L. Duke Ms. Lynn Eastwood Dr. Linda C. Edwards Fast and French, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Raymond A. Fisher Ed Forrest and Eileen Fitzgerald Mr. Harold I. Fox Mr. and Mrs. E. Gregorie Frampton Mr. William H. Frye Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Gamble Ms. Karen H. Gentry Ms. Elizabeth B. Glazebrook Mr. Eugene R. Goodwyn Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Hall Dr. and Mrs. W. Daniel Hardaway Mr. Charles A. Harrison Mr. and Mrs. John N. Harrison Mrs. V. M. Haselden Mr. and Mrs. Robert R. Hill Mr. and Mrs. David G. Hodges Lt. Col. and Mrs. Timothy L. Holt Mr. and Mrs. William C. Hubbard Ms. Bonnie L. Ideal Ms. Ann B. Igoe Nancy and Ricky James Mr. and Mrs. Graeme H. Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Gordon E. Jones Mr. and Mrs. J. Gwyn Jordan Mr. and Mrs. Edward Keller Robert H. and Mary Waties P. Kennedy Mr. and Mrs. Randolph W. Kirkland Mr. and Mrs. Will H. Lacey III Ms. Angelyn M. Ladue Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Lambert Mr. and Mrs. Ronald R. Leard
Mrs. Angela E. Lee Dr. Susan Libes Mr. and Mrs. Danforth Loring Mrs. Ingrid Low Mr. Robbie Lupo Ms. Patricia Madden Magnolia Garden Club of Johns Island Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Maguire Mr. Frederick F. Masad Mr. and Mrs. James F. McCormick Mr. and Mrs. James B. Miller Mr. Blake Monson Harry Joe and Rachel Montgomery Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Moore Mr. and Mrs. Todd Murray Mr. and Mrs. Aaron S. Myers David and Nancy Nettleton Dr. and Mrs. F.B. O'Shields Dr. Artur Pacult Ms. Mary L. Patten Mr. and Mrs. Tarrant Putnam Mr. Robert E. Rawlins Frances C. Rhett Mr. and Mrs. William A. Rice Mr. Wayne Richard Mr. Ron A. Rocz Mr. and Mrs. Frederich E. Roitzsch Capt. and Mrs. E. M. Russell, Jr. Mr. Ron L. Scheman, Esq. Mr. Wayne S. Severance Ms. Meredith Sims Mr. James H. Small Mr. and Mrs. George Smyth, Jr. Ms. Kristine Talbot Mr. and Mrs. Richard I. Thomas Ms. Mareta Thompson and Mr. Phil Dillon Mr. John Tibbetts and Ms. Catherine Fahey Mr. Peter Veneto Mr. and Mrs. Richard A. Vogel Mrs. Robert A. Weise Dr. and Mrs. T.D. Williams III Mr. and Mrs. Bill Wilson Dr. D. Reid Wiseman
Mr. and Mrs. Clarendon L. Graham Mr. James H. Gressette, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Dieter Hahn Mr. Leo F. Hansberry Mr. and Mrs. William B. Hassell Mr. Ian D. Hill Mr. J. B. Hines III Ms. Emily Hollings Mr. Bo Ives Ms. Betsy A. Jukofsky Mr. Fred W. Kinard, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Bill Krucke Dr. Steven Lapp Mr. and Mrs. Richard Lehnhoff Dr. and Mrs. Gary Leonard Mrs. Marcia M. Lucius Ms. Nancy Mann Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Mayer Mr. and Mrs. Lee McBride Dr. and Mrs. Jack A. Meyer Mrs. Peg Moore Mr. and Mrs. Tyre H. Moore Mr. Charles N. O'Quinn Mrs. Mary Ellen Page Ms. Louise Rhett Perry Ms. Patricia Powers Mrs. Mary Pringle Bryn O. Richard Mr. and Mrs. Arthur L. Rickenbaker, Jr. Mr. Warren Ripley Ms. Corinne S. Roe Ms. Carolyn Ruprecht Mr. and Mrs. James P. Rush Mr. George W. Sanford Ms. Kathryn W. Sharp Mr. Roderick E. Smith Mr. and Mrs. George Stilwell Ms. Merike Tamm Mr. and Mrs. Michael R. Treherne Mr. and Mrs. Johnnie Walker Mr. and Mrs. Richard W. Whitmore Ms. Marian C. Winner Mr. and Mrs. Martin I. Yonas Mr. Peter Zalka
Regular ($30-$49) Mr. and Mrs. Lewis R. Amis Dr. Susan Bateman Mr. E. Dean Berry Dr. and Mrs. Charles K. Biernbaum Billie J. Black Mr. Henry C. Byrd Mr. and Mrs. Tom Camp Ms. Deborah L. Campbell Samantha Campbell Mr. and Mrs. George K. Chastain Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Cheatham Mr. and Mrs. Glenn P. Churchill Ms. Elizabeth R. Crockett Mrs. Anne R. Cronly Dr. and Mrs. Patrick H. Dennis Mr. and Mrs. Steve Dixon
C OA S TA L C O N S E RVAT I O N L E AG U E
Student ($15-$29) Ms. Peggy L. Andretz Ms. Nellie Beach Ms. Eva Horry Dr. and Mrs. Dwight J. Hotchkiss, Jr. Mr. Allen B. Hutchison Mr. Michael J. Mrlik Mr. Frank Procaccini Mr. Jarrett Rabe Mr. and Mrs. John Siegling Lt. Col. Barry L. Strauss Dr. and Mrs. Jack M. Valpey Mrs. Sally Wogsland
P.O. Box 1765
Charleston, SC 29402-1765
For more information about the Coastal Conservation League, check out our Web site at www.CoastalConservationLeague.org
Saturday, July 16th, 7:30pm "The Big Uneasy" Film Premiere at Savannah's Lucas Theatre Thursday, September 8th, 6pm-8pm Presentation and Book Signing in Charleston with Mary Edna Fraser and Orrin Pilkey, for their new book, Global Climate Change: A Primer Sunday, September 25th Fourth Annual Green Fair, Marion Square, Charleston Saturday, October 8th, 10am – 1pm "A Walk Through Owl Wood," QOL at Center for Birds of Prey in Awendaw (check www.QOLonline.org for details)
0RINTED ON .EW ,EAF 2EINCARNATION s 2ECYCLED 0OST #ONSUMER 7ASTE s 0ROCESSED #HLORINE &REE s -ANUFACTURED WITH electricity that is offset with Green-e® certified renewable energy CERTIFICATES s !NCIENT &OREST &RIENDLY s )NKS ARE FORMULATED WITH more than 20% renewable soy and vegetable oils.
Staff Picks Favorite Summer Reads & Vacations
THE MISSION OF THE COASTAL CONSERVATION LEAGUE is to protect the natural environment of the South Carolina coastal plain and to enhance the quality of life of our communities by working with individuals, businesses and government to ensure balanced solutions.
Patrick Moore, Columbia Office Director: Fave Read – PILLARS OF THE EARTH, by Ken Follett Fave Vacation – Flat Rock, NC Michelle Sinkler, Program Director Fave Read – THE ADVENTURES OF TOM SAWYER, by Mark Twain Fave Vacation – Deveaux Bank, SC Adrienne Levy, Director of Communications Fave Read – HALF BROKE HORSES, by Jeannette Walls Fave Vacation – Pawleys Island, SC Ryan Black, Project Manager Fave Read – OLD MAN AND THE SEA, by Ernest Hemmingway Fave Vacation – Edisto River Treehouses, SC Kate Parks, Program Director Fave Read – DO IT ANYWAY, by Courtney Martin Fave Vacation – Lake Keowee, SC