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Diverse Forces Driving The Trucking Industry tr`k fRweIivMg dw ik`qw Aqy ies nwl juVy lok

Chance 2




Hendrickson understands the medium- and heavy-duty trucking industry and the challenges it faces every day. We are poised to supply Solutions through InnovationTM by drawing on our 100 year legacy of superior design, quality manufacturing and superb customer service. We deliver lightweight, durable, innovative suspension systems and components required to carry freight around the globe. Hendrickson looks forward to serving the medium- and heavy-duty commercial vehicle industry today and for the next 100 years. 2




CONTENTS ADVERTISERS Accutrac Capital ............................... 21 Ace Truck Repairs ............................ 29 Aman Khatkar Mortgage ..................... 27 Axis Insurance .................................. 26 BD Diesel Performance ......................... 47 Castrol Lubricants .............................. 59 CBS Parts Ltd ................................... 36 Challenger ............................................ 11 Champion Towing ............................. 28 Coastline Transmission ..................... 22 Cool Heat Truck Parts ...................... 31 Cool it Truck Parts .......................... 41 Cummins ............................................ 43 Eastside Towing .................................. 28 Espar Heaters ...................................... 9 Finning CAT ....................................... 24 First Truck Centre ............................... 13 Fort Garry Industries (FGI) .................... 53 Gold Key Insurance ............................. 19 Good Luck Truck & Trailer Repair ...... 20 Hendrickson Intl ................................ 2-3 Howes Lubricators ............................ 17 Inland Kenworth .................................. 33 Jaguar / Land Rover ................................ 7 Kal Tire ........................................... 49 - 51 Kam-Way Transportation Inc .............. 46 Kingpin Trailers - Hyundai Translead .... 32 MDF Integra Tire ................................ 40 MDF Tire Canada Inc ......................... 26 Mercedes-Benz Langley ..................... 54 NSC Compliance .................................. 35 Ocean Trailer .................................. 28 - 56 Pat’s Driveline ..................................... 15 Peterbilt Trucks ................................... 60 Pike Enterprises Ltd ............................. 27 Pilot Flying J ....................................... 5 Quick Truck & Trailer Repair ............ 29 Tailwind Sys ..................................... 23 Tiger Tool .......................................... 45 Truck West Collision .......................... 37 Valley Freightliner Inc ......................... 29 Xtreme Polishing & Custom Rigs ......... 27 ZZ Chrome Mfg Inc ........................... 25 4

Peterbilt’s New Vocational 567 Truck in Full Production

08 14 16 42 18 22 34 48 58


Diverse forces driving the Trucking Industry Clearing the Air on Emissions Tampering hwnIkwrk gYsW drswaux vwLy AOjwrW iv`c Adlw-bdlI bwry jwxkwrI

CTA Issues White Paper on Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Truck The Tooth-Friendly Diet dMdW leI shweI Bojn

Lease or loan?

- Pash Brar

Understanding Inter-Axle Differential

- Ken Cooke

Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax

- Sonia Nanda



Dispatching a Freight Order - Dara Nagra

Adjusting the Load - Ken Davey

21 Does Your Biz Have Employees Aged 60 to 70? 24 irport ‘c sI AYs ey dy AMkiVAW Aqy ivDI ‘qy svwl auTwey 37 CARB Extending Low-Use Mileage Exemption in the Truck & Bus Rule 40 tr`kW vwilAW dI Aws ‘qy nhIN auqrI Pryt voilaUm ryt AslIAq 47 Safety is the Best Prevention! - Mani Sharma

The 2013 XJ CAT gets Supercharged and AWD




Editor’s Note / sMpwdkI “Learn from the mistakes of others… you can’t live long enough to make them all yourselves!!” Another year has gone away and we are again celebrating a new year. Many of us would be very happy on their success in past year and others very sad because they couldn’t achieve their goals. How many of us who take some time off to evaluate the causes our success or failure. Behind success there is always a good planning, lot of homework and right ways to implement the plan, same way behind failure there are many mistakes that one has done knowingly or unknowingly. It is said that we learn from our experience Dilbag (Ron) Dhaliwal and it is right to some extent, it is one aspect. Do we have enough time and resources to take such kind of experiences? The answer is no. Neither we have time nor money to waste. So what is the solution? The solution lies in quotation “Learn from the mistakes of others… you can’t live long enough to make them all yourselves!!” We must learn from the mistakes of others and need not to repeat on us. But how? The answer is to take advice of experts before you start anything, of course in our case it is trucking. Does not matter you want to join trucking as a fresh driver, upgrade to owner operator, start a company or to take your company to the next level. You have to have a proper knowledge, pros and cons, and a plan. All this could take some extra time and money but believe me it will save you more money in the long run and contribute to make you a success. So let’s make resolution for this new year that whatever we will do, will do properly. We always wish you a success and prosper life, may this New Year fulfill all your wishes. Desi Trucking Magazine is celebrating 6 years of successful publication; we would like to thank our readers and advertisers for their contribution. Please don’t forget to register yourself to get $1000.00 appreciation gift. Have a good time , work hard/smart and enjoy to the fullest……

Publisher JGK Media Inc. 1-877-598-3374 (Desi) Editor-In-Cheif Dilbag (Ron) Dhaliwal Associate Editor Jagmohan Singh Advertising & Sales Jag Dhatt Art Director Avee J Waseer Cover Design Contributing Writers Ken Cooke David Brown Pash Brar Jag Dhatt Mike Howe Dara Nagra Ray Gompf Ken Davey Sonia Nanda Dr. Jagdeep Kaur Translator Onkar Singh Saini

“dUijAW dIAW glqIAW qoN is`Ko… quhwfI aumr AYnI lMbI nhIN ik qusIN auh swrIAW glqIAW Awp krooN” ie`k hor swl lMG igAw Aqy AsIN iPr qoN nvyN swl dIAW KuSIAW mnw rhy hW[ swfy coN bhuq swry ipCly swl dI AwpxI kwrguzwrI Aqy s&lqw qoN bhuq ^uS hoxgy Aqy bwkI kuJ AwpxI As&lqw qy nrwz vI hoxgy[swfy iv`coN ikMny ku hoxgy jo AwpxI s&lqw jW As&lqw dy kwrnW dI GoK jW ivcwr krdy hoxgy? iksy kMm dI s&lqw dy kwrnw iv`c, ies ip`Cy kIqI geI vDIAw pLYing, mu`Flw kMm, soc ivcwr Aqy bwAd iv`c ies plYinMg nUM suc`jy FMg nwl lwgU krnw huMdw hY[ iesy qrHW As&lqw dw kwrn ies dy ip`Cy jwxy-Axjwxy iv`c kIqIAW glqIAW huMdIAW hn[Awm qOr qy ieh ikhw jWdw hY ik mnu`K qzrby nwl hI is^dw hY, ieh g`l iksy h`d q`k TIk hY pr ieh ies dw ie`k pihlU hY[ kI swfy kol AYnW smW jW Dn hY ik AsIN qzrby kr-kr is`^Iey? jvwb hY nWh[ swfy kol brbwd krn leI smW jW Dn nhIN hY[ iPr ies g`l dw h`l kI hY? h`l hY is`Dw-is`Dw, “dUijAW dIAW glqIAW qoN is`Ko…..quhwfI aumr AYnI lMbI nhIN ik qusIN auh swrIAW glqIAW Awp krooN” ibnW S`k swnUM dUijAW dIAW glqIAW qoN is`^xw pvygw Aqy cMgw hovygw ik AsIN ieh glqIAW duhrweIey nw[ pr is`^Iey ikvyN? ies g`l dw jvwb ieh hY ik koeI vI kMm SurU krn qoN pihlW swnUM mwihr lokW dI slwh kY lYxI cwhIdI hY[ swfy mwmly ‘c, cwhy AsIN tr`ikMg iv`c ie`k nvyN frwievr dy qOr qy Swiml hoxw hovy, frwievr qoN Enr Aprytr bxnw hovy, Enr Aprytr qoN AwpxI kMpnI ^olxI hovy jW iPr c`l rhI kMpnI nUM Agly p`Dr q`k lY ky jwxw hovy, quhwnMU ik`qy dy aus p`Dr dI v`D qoN v`D jwxkwrI hoxw bhuq jrUrI hY, ies dy cMgy mwVy pRBwv Aqy sB qoN v`D mh`qvpUrn g`l ik ie`k pLYn hoxw bhuq lwzmI hY[ieh sB kMmW leI ijAwdw smW jW pYsw zrUr l`g skdw hY pRMqU A`gy jw ky quhwnMU ies dw bhuq &wiedw hovygw Aqy ieh sB kuJ quhwfI s&lqw iv`c vI shweI hovygw[AwE AsIN nvyN swl leI pRx krIey ik AsIN jo vI kMm krWgy TIk qrIky nwl Aqy is`^ ky krWgy[ AsIN hmySw quhwfy kMm dI qr`kI Aqy quhwfy vDIAw jIvn leI duAwvW krdy hW, pRmwqmW kry ik ieh nvW swl vI quhwfy leI Fyr swrIAW ^uSIAW lY ky Awvy Aqy quhnUM kMm iv`c s&lqw hwsl hovy[dysI tr`ikMg mYZzIn vI AwpxI s&lqw dy 6 swl pUry hox qy Awpxy pwTkW Aqy ivEpwrI vIrW dw DMnvwd krdw hY[ ikRpw krky 1000 fwlrW dw ienwm ij`qx leI Awpxw nwm rizstr krnw nw Bulxw[^uS rho, Abwd rho…… 6

JAG DHATT Corporate VP

National & Western Canada

Eastern Canada

Cell: 604-767-4433 E:

Cell: 416-875-3820 E:

Address: #235 - 8138, 128 Street, Surrey BC V3W 1R1

Address: 160-2, County Court Blvd. #128 Brampton, ON L6W 4V1

F: 604-598-9264

F: 604-598-9264

All Rights Reserved. No material herein or portions thereof may be printed without the written consent of the publisher. DISCLAIMER: JGK Media Inc. assumes all advertisers to be reliable and responsible for any and all liability for their claims. The publisher reserves the right to refuse any advertisement it may find unfit for publication. The opinions expressed in articles and features are of the writers and may not be those of the publisher. THE PUBLISHER ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OF ANY KIND.


Postmaster if undeliverable Canadian Address to #235-8138 128 St., Surrey BC V3W 1R1

Find us on JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014



Diverse forces driving the Trucking Industry - G. Ray Gompf


hen we think of the trucking industry and we think drivers. For the most part, drivers are the official face of the industry. Drivers are the part of the industry seen by the public; judged by the public; and, sometimes scorned by the public. But what the public doesn’t see, or even anything about which they would care are the support jobs. Support jobs are equally as critical to the task of driving as the driving itself. Support jobs help move that freight so critical, ensuring Sunday dinner is always there ready equally as much as the extreme efforts put forth by drivers. Before I leave the job description of driver, maybe we should take a look at the number of hats that driver has to wear in order complete that delivery. First, the driver must be an expert in navigation and weather prognostication. Once the driver gets that load in the truck, the paperwork in hand, then the driver has to figure out the most favorable route. The driver has to take into account the terrain over which this particular load has to travel in order to arrive safely. This isn’t as easy a task as first blush would have one believe. Without first hand knowledge of the terrain, the driver has to anticipate where obstructions might occur. The general public never consider a low overpass or the lengths to which one must go to in order to get 8

around such and obstruction and still remain legal within the rules and regulations set forth by the authorities in the particular local area where the obstruction is located but the driver certainly must know and care. The driver has to know the various and sundry localized rules and regulations that would pertain to this particular load. Add to that, he has to anticipate construction delays; delays caused by wrecks that haven’t even happened and not only come up with a primary plan but also a secondary plan for each leg of the trip. Now with a plan in place, there is the task of certifying the equipment is safe to make the trip, which includes a bumperto-bumper inspection and not only that, accepting full and complete responsibility for the proper condition of the vehicle and ensuring the load is properly secured and not overweight. The load, even if the driver didn’t supervise the loading, becomes his or her responsibility to ensure the load is properly balanced. In order to conduct this inspection, the driver has to be a competent diagnostician of the mechanical workings of the truck, enough in order to know what is wrong, what might become wrong or even predict what might fail on this particular trip. Then fix what you can and find someone to fix what you can’t. This is before even crawling up inside the truck. And,

you thought it was about shifting gears and steering. Not only this, according to regulation, to inspect the truck identifying potential problems every two hours along the route. Drivers also have to be masters of completing government required paperwork, knowledgeable on the rules and regulations of at least 62 state and provincial jurisdictions and the myriad of municipal regulations across the continent. They need to have an intimate knowledge of the transport regulations with respect to Hazardous Material/Dangerous Goods. One of my issues with the amount and style of work carried out by drivers is that they are not even considered tradesmen. They’re considered general laborers and this, my friends, is wrong, dead wrong. Drivers are highly skilled trades people and as such must be recognized as being skilled exactly the same as electricians, plumbers, carpenters and so on. We drivers are not professionals like accountants, lawyers and doctors and for drivers to be called professional is also just as wrong as being called general labor. With this declaration of drivers being a skilled trade, then standardized training and career path can and will be a reality. Even within the field of being a driver, there are many different types of drivers. Of course, there is general JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

tr`k fRweIivMg dw ik`qw Aqy ies nwL juVy lok jdoN vI tr`k ieMfstrI bwry socdy hW qw sihj suBwA iDAwn tr`k fRweIvrW vl cly jWdw hYy[ bhuqw smW tr`k fRweIvr hI ies ieMfstrI dw ichrw mohrw rihMdy hn[ fRweIvr tr`k ieMfstrI dw auh ih`sw hn ijnHW nMU Awm lok vyKdy hn- Awm lok prKdy hn Aqy keI vwr qW ieh Awm lokW dy gu`sy dw iSkwr vI bxdy hn[ pr ijhVI g`l Awm lokW nUM ids nhIN rhI jW aunHW nUM ies dI koeI prvwh vI nhIN auh hY fRweIvrW nUM fRweIivMg ibnw jo hor ies nwl juVvyN kMm krny pYNdy hn[ies nwL juVy hoey kMm au`ny hI AOKy hn ijMnw ik fRweIivMg krnw[ ienHW juVvyN kMmW qoN ibnw TIk FMg nwl FoAw FuAweI kIqI hI nhIN jw skdI[ fRweIvr dy kMm dy ivsQwr ‘c jwx qoN pihlW swnUM aunHW hwrf hYtW bwry socxw cwhIdw hY ijhVIAW ik filvrI hox q`k fRweIvr nUM lYxIAW pYNdIAW hn[ sB qoN pihlW qW fRweIvr nUM Awpxy kMm ‘c mwihr hox dy nwl nwl mOsm sbMDI pUrI jwxkwrI r`Kx vwLw vI hoxw cwhIdw hY[ jdoN fRweIvr dy h`Q ‘c kwgz p`qr sONp id`qw Aqy tr`k ‘qy lof l`d id`qw qW sB qoN pihlW aus nMU iblkul Fu`kvW rUt l`Bx dI loV pYNdI hY[ lof nUM shI FMg nwL mMizl ‘qy phuMcwaux leI ausnUM TIk Drwql vwly Kws rsqy dI cox krnI pYNdI hY[ ieh ieMnw sOKw kMm nhIN ijMnw ieh lgdw hY[ pihlW qW ies rsqy dI pUrI jwxkwrI hoxI cwhIdI hY Aqy aus qoN bwAd pihlW hI socxw pYNdw hY ik rsqy ‘c ik`Qy koeI AOkV Aw skdI hYy[ Awm lokW ny kdy ieh vI nhIN soicAw ik ijs rsqy ‘qy auh jw rhy hn au`Qy Evrpws dI ikMnI aucweI hY Aqy iks qrHW dy moV GyV hn [ ies sB ku`J dI jwxkwrI nw hox dy bwvjUd vI auh kwnUMnW Aqy lokl inXmW dy dwiery ‘c hI rihMdy hn[ pr dUjy bMny ienHW QwvW dy inXmW dI jwxkwrI qoN ibnw fRweIvr nUM ieh vI pqw hox dI loV hY ik au`Qy sVk ‘c AiV`ky Awid qW nhIN[ ienHW swrIAW g`lW dw tr`k fRweIvr nUM hr hwlq ‘c iDAwn r`Kx dI loV hY[ fRweIvr nUM aunHW lokl inXmW Aqy pwbMdIAW dw iDAwn vI r`Kxw pYNdw hY ijhVy ausdy lof ‘qy lokl pRbMD vloN lwgU ho skdy hn[ ies qoN ibnw ausnUM rwh ‘c ho rhI kMstRkSn kwrn l`gx vwLI dyrI leI pihlW hI pqw hoxw cwhIdw hYy[ies Xojnw dy nwL hI ausnUM ieh qsdIk vI krnw pYNdw hY ik ieh lof sPr krn leI sur`iKAq hY[ ies ‘c bMpr qoN bMpr q`k dI ieMspYkSn Aqy smwn dy sur`iKAq phuMcwaux dI izMmyvwrI vI lYxI pYNdI hY Aqy ieh vI XkInI bxwauxw pYNdw hY ik lof TIk hY Aqy ieh imQy gey Bwr qoN v`D qW nhIN Aqy nwl lgdw sur`iKAq vI hY[ jy fRweIvr ny l`dx vyly Awp nw vI vyiKAw hovy ik lof bYlYNsf hY pr iPr vI ieh izMmyvwrI ausdI bx jWdI hY[ JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

ieMspYkSn krn dw kMm sOKw nhIN [ ieh kMm krn leI fRweIvr nUM tr`k dy ieMjx dI qknIkI jwxkwrI hoxw zrUrI hY[ ieh vI pqw hoxw cwhIdw hY ik kI koeI nuks qW nhIN[ ausnUM ieh vI jwxkwrI hox dI loV hY ik ikhVw nuks pY skdw hY jW iksy Kws tirp dOrwn ikhVw Bwg kMm krno ht skdw hY[ ieh sB ku`J tr`k ‘c bYTx qoN pihlW vyKx

dI loV hY[ pr Awm lok ieh hI smJdy hn ik fRweIvr dw kMm kyvl gyAr bdlx Aqy styirMg sMBwlx q`k hI sImq hY[ ie`Qy hI b`s nhIN inXm qW ieh mMg vI krdy hn ik rUt ‘qy cldy smyN hr do GMty bwAd tr`k ‘c pYx vwly sMBwvI nuksW dw pqw lwauNdy rihxw cwhIdw hY[ g`l ie`Qy hI Kqm nhIN huMdI fRweIvr nUM


freight; then the more specialized oversize expert; there’s the driver skilled in refrigerated freight; then there’s the driver skilled in liquid transfer; then there’s long haul trucking – over 500 miles; there’s medium haul under 500 miles; and, local, or short haul under 100 miles. There’s tractor-trailer, straight truck and dump truck. And we can’t forget about bus drivers and those drivers who come out and rescue us when we’ve had a disaster befall us. Diversity within the driver nomenclature without going into the rest of the tasks required within the industry. But what are some of these ancillary jobs that are part and parcel of the supply chain all a part of transportation. There are sales people who find the loads, contract with the customers and otherwise cause the freight to be in need of moving. There’s load brokers that independently find loads and offer for movement to trucking companies. There are warehouse and packing specialist that prepare loads for shipment and receive such loads. There are administrative personnel to prepare the necessary paperwork for shipment; finance people that invoice customers and collect payments. There are administrative people specializing in health, safety and compliance. There are human resources people who recruit and otherwise cause the employment of others within the industry. There are maintenance workers; mechanics; tire specialist; and recovery specialists, all with their own specific knowledge and skill. Sometimes we tend to overlook those who design, manufacture and sell us the equipment and finance the equipment that allows us to continue to deliver the freight so important to keeping the economy humming, but without them it would all be for naught. Then, there’s the businesses that serve the truckers. Truck Stop operators feed us, cloth us, repair our equipment and offer us fuel for body and equipment and offer us refuge and safety while we rest. There are several insurance companies, in Canada, that specifically insure exclusively, the trucking industry. There are associations to help the small business owner operator establish some collective buying power so that goods and services that are available to the big operators at minimal prices have those same or at least reduced levels so the gap in the cost of goods and services are closer. There are associations specifically for the large carriers to lobby governments to ensure that any legislation that is considered is considered with at least a smattering of thought in how such legislation would effect the trucking industry. And certainly, we cannot forget about the various publications that offer us advice; stay ahead of the rules and regulations; help us find jobs; and otherwise entertain us in a way that only comes with know what our wants and needs are. Yes, there are many diverse tasks within the trucking industry and some that are just there to support the trucking industry and all are critically important. Although I can’t say for certain, the ratio of drivers to other tasks within the industry, there must be five or more people in support of each and every driver out there. With nearly half a million drivers in Canada, that would extrapolate into, at a bare minimum, two and a half million transportation support workers. That’s a significant impact on the economy of this country. 10

srkwr v`loN loVINdy kwgz p`qr dI pUrqI leI vI mwihr hoxw cwhIdw hYy[ aus nUM mhWdIp (kOtInYNt) dIAwN swrIAW 62 stytW, sUbweI Aqy imaNusIpYltIAW dy kwnUMnW Aqy inXmW dI jwxkwrI hoxw vI zrUrI hY[ aus nUM Kqrnwk vsqW Fox sbMDI inXmW bwry vI jwxkwrI hoxI cwhIdI hY[. ijs qrHW dw kMm fRweIvrW nUM krnw pYNdw iesdy bwvjUd vI aunHW nUM vpwrk iksm dy lok nhIN smiJAw jWdw[ aunHW nUM qW ie`k iksm dy Awm mzdUr smiJAw jWdw hY, ied qrW dI socxI myry dosqo! glq hI nhIN sgoN iblkul glq hYy[ fRweIvr Awpxy tryf dy pUry mwihr hn Aqy ies leI aunHW nuM ielYktRISIAn, plMbr Aqy kwrpYNtrw vWg hunr vwly smiJAw jwxw cwhIdw hY[ hW ieh TIk hY ik fRweIvr BwvyN AkwaUNtYNtW, vkIlW Aqy fwktrW vWg nhIN pr Pyr vI swnUM mzdUr kihxw swfy nwl srwsr D`kw hY[ jy ies ik`qy nUM sik`lf tryf AYlwn id`qw jwvy qW au`cI p`Dr dI tRyinMg Aqy kYrIAr ie`k scweI bx jwxgy[ frweIivMg Kyqr ‘c ie`k nhIN keI qrHW dy fRweIvr hn[ ijvyN ik Awm BwVw Fox vwly, EvrsweIz mwihr fRweIvr Aqy auh fRweIvr ijhVy rYPrIjIeytf vsqW FoNdy hn- jo ilkuief vsqW iljWdy hn-lONg hOol tr`k fRweIvr- 500 mIl qoN au`pr jwx vwly- jW 100 mIl qoN G`t rUt ‘qy jwx vwly[ ies qrHW hI tr`k vI v`K v`K hn ijvyN trYktr trylr, fMp tr`k Awid[ iesy qrHW AsIN b`s fRweIvrW dy kMm nUM vI AxgoilAw nhIN kr skdy ijhVy swnUM hr smyN Aqy ibpqw smyN vI ie`k QW qoN dUjI QW lY ky jWdy hn[ ibnw Byd Bwv kIqy ‘qy ies ieMfstrI ‘c iviBMnqw cwhIdI hYy[ pr ies iv`c keI kMm kwj hn jo ies lVI dw At`ut AMg hn[ ies ‘c sylz prsn hn jo lof l`Bdy hn, gwhkW nwL sMprk krdy hn ijs kwrn ieh swrw tryf cldw hY[ ies qrHW hI ies ‘c lof bRokr hn ijhVy Awpxy Awp lof Bwldy hn Aqy Pyr ienHW nUM Fox leI tr`k kMpnIAW nUM pySkS krdy hn[ ies qrHW hI vyArhwaUs Aqy pYikMg spYSilst hn jo ieh lof l`dx leI iqAwr krdy hn[ ies qrHW dw hI pRbMDkI stwP hY jo swrw kwgzI kMm krdw hY, iv`q nwl sbMDq lok hn ijhVy ienvoAwies bxw ky Byjdy hn Aqy rkm dI augrwhI krdy hn[ ishq, syPtI sbMDI kMm krn vwly vI hn[ ies ik`y nwL sbMDq nOkrI dyx vwly hn jo ies ieMfstrI ‘c kMm krn vwilAW nUM nOokrI dyx dw kMm krdy hn[ ies qrHW hI sWB sMBwl krn vwly hn, mkYink, twierW dy mwihr Aqy irkvrI spYSilst jo Awpxy kMm ‘c pUrI qrHW mwihr hn[ pr keI vwr AsIN aunHW lokW nUM Bu`l jWdy hW ijhVy ifzwien, mYnUPYkcr krdy hn Aqy swnUM sbMDq smwn vycx dw kMm krdy hn[ auh vI hn jo PweInYNs dw pRbMD krdy hn, ijs qoN ibnw ieh ArQ ivvsQw ijhVI swfy leI AqI zrUrI hY nUM clwauxw AsMBv hY[ vpwrI lok hn jo tr`kW nMU kMm idMdy hn[ tr`k stOp Awprytr vI hn jo swfy leI Bojn, qyl isr F`kx Aqy jIvn dIAW loVW dw pRbMD krdy hn[ knyfw ‘c ies qrHW dIAW bhuq swrIAW bImw kMpnIAW hn jo Kws krky tr`k ieMfstrI dw hI bImw krdIAW hn[ ies qrHW dIAw sMsQwvW vI hn jo Coty tr`k mwlkW dI mdd krdIAW hn Aqy v`fIAW kMpnIAW nUM imlx vwlIAW shUlqW Aqy G`t kImq ‘qy vsqW auplBD krwaux ‘c shweI huMdIAW hn[ ies qrHW dIAw sMsQwvW vI hn jo srkwr nwL lwbIieMg krdIAW hn qW ik ies qrHW dy kwnUMn bxwey jwx ijnHW nwl tr`ikMg ieMfstrI nM lwB huMdw hovy Aqy Aijhy kwnUMn nw bxn id`qy jwx ijs nwl ies ieMfstrI dIAw muSklW ‘c hor vwDw hovy[ AsIN aunHW pblIkySnW nUM vI nhIN Bu`l skdy jo swnUM smyN smyN slwh idMdIAW hn Aqy kwnUMn Awid bxn qoN pihlW hI ies sbMDI purI jwxkwrI idMdIAW hn; jObW l`Bx ‘c shwieqw krdIAW hn Aqy swfy mnpRcwvy dw vI pRbMD krdIAW hn[ ies qrHW tr`ikMg ieMfstrI ‘c bhuq swry ivAkqI hn jo swfI mdd krdy hn Aqy auh swfy leI bhuq mh`qvpUrn hn[ pUrI qrHW qW nhIN pr AsIN kih skdy hW ik ie`k tr`k fRweIvr dI mdd krn vwly 5 jW ies qoN v`D ivAkqI ausdy ip`Cy KVHy hn[ ies qrHW qkrIbn A`Dy imlIAn fRweIvrW dI mdd krn vwilAW dI igxqI FweI imlIAn dy krIb bxdI hYy[ies sB dw swfy dyS dI AwriQkqw ‘qy fUMGw pRBwv hY[ JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

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endrickson Bumper and Trim has added AERO CLAD bumpers for the Peterbilt Model 367 and 587 trucks to its all-makes aftermarket program. The new bumpers are not only lighter in weight and offer a mirror-like finish, they are said to be more durable than the traditional chrome bumper. AERO CLAD bumpers are corrosion-resistant, as they are made from a bi-metal material that is bonded to stainless steel and aluminum at a molecular level.


endix front air brakes are now going to be standard equipment on all Kenworth Class 8 tractors and trucks. The Bendix ADB22X will provide more consistent force distribution and will significantly reduce brake fade, with no degradation of stopping power. According to Kurt Swihart, Kenworth’s marketing director, Kenworth trucks will also benefit from an aluminum hub and splined disc rotor assembly, which will give additional weight savings.



ack unveiled its new Medium Heavy Duty (MHD) rear loader for refuse fleets. The new truck is lightweight and thus offers an economic alternative to lighter-duty cycles, such as short inner-city routes or for service in smaller towns. Power will come from the Cummins ISL9 345-horsepower engine. The cab offers much improved comfort for the driver, due to it being mounted on airbags and shocks.


olvo Trucks North America officially introduced the I-Shift transmission to the Mexican truck market. After testing the I-Shift with several Mexican fleets during mid-2013, Volvo now has delivered 170 Volvo VNL tractors, with the I-Shift, to Mexico. According to Goran Nyberg, president of Volvo Trucks North America, “…the announcement of the I-Shift availability in Mexico will further enhance value of ownership for Volvo customers in Mexico.”


onald Armstrong will assume the position of CEO of Paccar, the owner of Peterbilt and Kenworth and manufacturer of Paccar engines. Past CEO, Mark Pigott, will remain executive chairman of the company’s Board of Directors. A Pigott family member has held the CEO position of Paccar since 1965. Armstrong has worked at Paccar for 20 years and has overseen growth in not only revenue and profits, but also in customer satisfaction and industry market share.


eritor WABCO’s OnLane lanedeparture warning system is available now as an option on Freightliner Cascadia and Cascadia Evolution models. The new system is a forwardlooking, vision based warning system designed to monitor road markings and the vehicle’s position in the lane. The Safe Trak and Takata powered system delivers clear and distinct audible warnings to the driver if the vehicle leaves its lane unintentionally, encouraging the use of turn signals. OnLane can also be retrofitted to existing vehicles.


ridgestone announced the M749 tire, the first designed specifically for long and regional-haul car carriers. The M749, with a new tire size of 295/60R22.5, is built to withstand the demands of the auto-haul segment while maintaining high sustained highway speeds for extended hours. The new tire is also safer as it comes with a patented WavedBelt design, tie bars, multiple cross-rib sipes, and flexible groove-fence partitions.


olvo Trucks recently introduced the new Optimized Series, which will boost fuel efficiency and payload capacity for regional-haul carriers. As part of the Optimized Series, Volvo Trucks is also configuring its VNM 430 and VNL 430 trucks with a mid-roof design, which will allow for additional headroom. Optimized daycabs, 430 sleepers, and the VNM 630 will feature Volvo’s D11 engine, which produces 405 horsepower and 1550 lb ft of torque, coupled with the Volvo I-Shift automated manual transmission.


ebtech Wireless has announced its new MDT 3500 in-cab tablet, which is based on an Android software. The new tablet features signature capture, a built-in camera with flash, and eDVIR. The rugged design is built to work in the most demanding environments and is even fully integrated into Webtech’s Quadrant Manager, which automates hours-of-service management.


oodyear has added a new Commercial Tire and Service Center to its network in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The new 13,000 square foot facility offers Goodyear, Dunlop and Kelly brand medium truck tires, Goodyear retreaded tires, 24/7 emergency roadside service, truck alignments, and other truck and tire repair related services. JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014



Clearing the Air on Emissions Tampering T

here will always be folks who think that for every rule there is an exception – and unfortunately, there’s no shortage of misguided people willing to demonstrate it. You’ve no doubt seen or heard about the advertisements that are out there in print and cyberspace from repair/maintenance shops offering to “service” your truck in order to enhance its fuel economy. While the ad might not explicitly state it, most people know what we’re talking about here – tampering with the truck’s emissions controls. It’s not a new problem but those marketing such services have become more brazen in recent years as the new EPA-mandated smog-free engines came on stream and it became clear that the federal and provincial governments in Canada were ill-equipped to deal with the situation. While increased fuel economy is a good thing (it reduces greenhouse gases too) tampering with a truck’s mandated emissions control devices is not. At its March 2012 meeting, the CTA Board of Directors called for action to put an end to the practice. CTA followed up with governments in writing and has held various meetings with the federal ministers and departments of environment, natural resources and transport, as well as the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators. A number of the provincial associations took similar action with their provincial governments and agencies. Unfortunately, what this launched was another round of that great Canadian past-time -- political/bureaucratic Ping-Pong between the various departments and the federal and provincial governments. Whereas in the US, legislative and enforcement authority for tampering rests squarely with the Environmental Protection Agency (which, by the way, has been known to slap down hundreds of thousands of dollars in fines on companies that provide emission control-defeating devices), Environment Canada contends that it has no authority under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) or any other legislation to deal with tampering. Its authority ends at the retail sale of the equipment. The department contends the authority to prevent tampering rests with the provinces. You know how this song goes … The response from the provinces has been lukewarm at best. This is clearly not an issue most have given much thought to. Many provinces do not even have the legal authority to lay charges against garages for environmental tampering. Nor do they (as a collective) seem overly excited about allocating resources to the problem. The province’s road enforcement resources are focussed 14

- David Bradley

on safety issues, not environmental issues – as they very well should be. Besides, it is difficult at roadside for an inspector to identify modifications that even skilled diesel mechanics would be challenged to uncover. The CCMTA is examining the inclusion of an inspection for tampering as part of the PMVI standards re-vamp currently under development. So there is some hope/progress, although it appears that not all provinces support including a tampering element in the PMVI, which is a vehicle safety inspection. Meanwhile, the problem is not going away. For example, provincial environmental inspectors on the British Columbia lower mainland recently conducted emissions tests of about 12,000 trucks. Although they were not specifically looking for evidence of tampering, the results could lead one to the conclusion that tampering is a serious problem: Twenty per cent of all model year 2010 and newer trucks tested were found to be high emitters using standard-based cut-points. While a decline in the maintenance standards of vehicles would also be a contributing factor, it is hard not to suspect that tampering is playing a role with results like this. At its October 2013 meeting, the CTA board took stock of the situation and reaffirmed its position that tampering with emissions controls is a serious matter that not only undermines the environmental performance of the trucking industry but also creates an un-level competitive playing field. The board repeated its position that targeted enforcement of the people undertaking the tampering – the garages, repair shops and service centres – is where governments should be focusing their efforts and resources. In addition, it is recommended the Government of Canada introduce an amendment to the CEPA that would empower Environment Canada to fine/sanction garages and fleets engaged in environmental tampering. The CTA board further recommends that the Canadian Council of Environmental Ministers ensure that all provinces have legislation in place to take action against those that tamper with the emissions equipment on heavy trucks. This would give Canada’s truck environmental laws some real teeth as well as bolster governments’ credibility as stewards of the environment. From the very start, the trucking industry has been a leader in meeting its environmental responsibilities. Let’s not let a few opportunists spoil that unmatched reputation.


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Custom Design & Manufacturing • Dynamic Balancing Flywheel Grinding • Removal & Reinstallation

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604-881-0233 1-877-560-0343 www. p atsdriveli ne .co m 15

CTA Issues White Paper on Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Truck Shows frequency and severity of incidents extremely low, but calls for measures to reduce risk of accidents and ensuring negligent parties held liable


he tragedy that befell the Quebec town of Lac Megantic last summer following the derailment of several rail tank cars carrying crude oil has put the issue of dangerous goods transportation by all modes under the microscope. Just last week, federal transport minister, Lisa Raitt, announced that she has asked the House of Commons Standing Committee on Transport to conduct a review of the situation and to make recommendations to prevent similar tragedies in the future. Although the Canadian Trucking Alliance (CTA) contends that an incident of the magnitude of Lac Megantic is unlikely to occur where trucks are involved – and while the frequency and severity of dangerous goods incidents involving trucks are extremely low – the Alliance says additional measures should be taken to further reduce the risk of highway accidents, whether dangerous goods are involved or not. In a white paper of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Truck in Canada, CTA repeats its long-standing position that the federal government should introduce a universal mandate requiring all trucks, where the driver is currently required to carry a logbook under the federal hours of service regulations, to be equipped with an electronic recording device (ELD); and introduce a manufacturing standard (in lock-step with the United States) requiring all new heavy trucks to be equipped with a roll stability system. In addition, CTA says all provinces should follow the lead of Ontario and Quebec by requiring the mandatory activation of truck speed limiters at no more than 105 km/hr and also introduce mandatory entry level training for truck drivers based on a national industry standard. An analysis of the 328 dangerous goods incidents involving trucks in 2012 conducted for CTA shows that the number of incidents was 1.64 per 10,000 shipments. Most (56.4%) of the releases of product were minor (less than 500 litres), which are usually cleaned up with little or no environmental damage. 86.3% of all incidents involved tank trucks. Most incidents occur during loading or unloading (70.7%) and are most often caused by employee error (28%) or equipment failure (34.1%). Releases during loading were most common (51.8%) but 80% led to releases of less than 1,000 litres. Accidents occurring while on the highway (where the public is most at risk) accounted for 16.2% of total incidents for a frequency of 0.27 per 10,000 shipments. Accidents were the cause in 56.8% of the major incidents (releases greater than 5,000 litres). However, major incidents represented only 6.4% of all incidents. In most cases (67.9%) the major product involved was flammable liquids (mainly crude oil). Accidents involving flammable liquids represented 11% of all incidents and .18 accidents per 10,000 shipments. 16.7% of the incidents involving tank trucks were the result of an accident on the highway. (Analysis conducted for CTA suggests that 80% of these were the result of a single vehicle accident). The issue of liability in the case of dangerous goods incidents 16

sI tI ey ny tr`kW rwhIN Kqrnwk vsqW dI FoAw-FuAweI bwry iek q`Q-sUck p`qr jwrI kIqw hY ieh p`qr GtnwvW dI igxqI Aqy nUM qW kwPI hlkI p`Dr auqy drsWdw hY, pr ieh durGtnwvW dy Kqry nUM Gtwaux vwly qrIikAW dI mMg krdw hY Aqy lwprvwh pwrtIAW nUM mujrm krwr dyx nUM XkInI bxwauxw cwhuMdw hY[ auh duKWq jo, ipClIAW grmIAW ivc kubYk Quebec dy lYk mYjYitk Sihr ivc krUf qyl dy keI f`ibAW dy ptVI auqoN lih jwx nwl vwpirAw sI, ny hr FMg nwl FoeIAW jWdIAW vsqW dy mwmly nUM hr ienswn dy iDAwn ivc ilAw KVHw kIqw hY[ ipCly hPqy hI, PYfrl trWsport minstr lIzw rwiet Lisa Raitt ny AYlwn kIqw hY ik ausny trWsportrz bwry hwaUs AwP kwmnz dI stYNifMg kmytI nUM ikhw hY ik auh ienHW hwlqW dI GoK krn qy Biv`K ivc ieho ijhIAW durGtnwvW dI rok-Qwm leI isPwrSW krn[ BwvyN kYnyfIAn tr`ikMg sMsQw (CAT) ies gl nUM zor dy ky kih rhI hY ik lYk mYjYNitk (Lac Megantic) dy pDr dI durGtnw, tr`kW nwl nhIN vwpr skdI, Aqy nw hI tr`kW ivcly mwl nwl durGtnwvW dI igxqI qy qIKxqw vwly mOky G`t pYdw hoxgy, qW vI tr`kW dI ieh sMsQw kihMdI hY ik jrnYlI sVkW auqy durGtnwvW dy Kqry nUM Gtwaux leI hor qrIky vrqy jwx BwvyN ienHW ivc Kqrnwk mwl hovy jW nw hovy[ sMn 2012 ivc sI.tI.ey vloN tr`kW nwl sMbMDq 326 Kqrnwk vsqW dw ivSlySx krvwieAw igAw sI[ ies inrIKx qoN ieh pqw lgdw hY ik smwn dIAW 10,000/KypW iv`coN durGtnwvW kyvl 1.64 hI vwprIAW [ bhuq swrIAW f`ulHIAW vsqW ivcoN (56.4%) nwm-mwqr hI sn (jo ik 500 iltr qoN Gt sn)[ ienHW f`ulH geIAW vsqW nUM pUrI qrHW swP kr idqw igAw sI ijs kwrx vwqwvrx dw koeI vI nukswn nhIN hoieAw sI[ iehnW swrIAW GtnwvW dy 86.3% kyvl tYNkW vwly tr`kW ivc hI vwpirAw sI[ bhuq swrIAW eyho ijhIAW GtnwvW ldweI jW luhweI vyly hI vwprIAW hn (70.7%) qy ienHW ivcoN bhuqIAW Aksr mnuKI glqI (28%) nwl vwprIAW hn jW iPr mSInrI dy PylH ho jwx nwl (34.1%) ldweI vyly vsqW dw f`ulH jwxw Awm ijhI g`l hY (51.8%)[ pr ienHW iv`coN 80% kysW ivc f`ulH jwx vwly mwl dI mwqrw 1000 iltr qoN G`t sI[ durGtnwvW jo jrnYlI sVkW ‘qy vwprdIAW hn au`Qy lok sB qoN v`D Kqry ivc huMdy hn[ ieho ijhy hwdsy ku`l durGtnwvW dy 16.2% bxdy hn jW dUjy SbdW ivc 10,000 mwl ldweI iv`coN isrP 0.27% bxdw hY[ auh durGtnwvW ijnHW ivc qrl 5000 iltr qoN v`D f`uilHAw, aunHW GtnwvW iv`c aunHW dy vwprn dw kwrx sVk auqy vwpry hwdisAW krky sI[ (hwdisAW dw 56.8%) Pyr vI ieh v`fy hwdsy swrIAW durGtnwvW dy kyvl 6.4% bxdy hn[ bhuq swry kysW ivc (67.9%) m`uKmwl A`g l`gx vwlw qrl sI (Awm krky krUf Awiel) A`g lgx vwlIAW durGtnwvW k`ul GtnwvW dw 11% bxdIAW hn jW kih lvo ik 10,000/- ldweI-BrweI ivcoN kyvl 18 tYNkW vwly tr`kW dIAW GtnJANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

has also loomed large since the Lac Megantic tragedy, with the federal government writing some big cheques for the clean-up and recently calling for increased insurance coverage for rail carriers and shippers. According to the CTA white paper, the determination of liability, and who shall bear the costs of that negligence, is a statement of the public interest and public policy. However, it says the growing trend of shippers seeking to include clauses in freight contracts indemnifying them from liability is contrary to both the public interest and public policy. CTA calls for coordinated action by both the federal and provincial governments in the form of an amendment to the federal and provincial statutes and regulations to annul clauses in freight contracts which indemnify shippers/3PLs from liability for their own negligence. “I think we can conclude from this white paper that overall the TDG regulations are effective in preventing dangerous goods incidents where trucks are involved,” says CTA president and CEO, David Bradley. A CTA advisory committee on dangerous goods has been struck to look at the regulations in more detail, “so this is our first word on the subject,” says Bradley. “But we strongly believe the most effective thing governments can do is to take the recommended actions to reduce the risk of highway accidents and to make sure that the parties whose negligence causes an accident are held liable for the claims.” Transport Canada estimates that 70% (tonnage) of dangerous goods are transported by road, 24% by rail; 6% by marine; and less than 1% by air. The most commonly transported dangerous goods are crude petroleum oil, gasoline and fuel oils. The actual number of shipments of dangerous goods transported by2/8/13 truck is9:22 unknown. CTA esHowesDieselTruckingS13.pdf 1 AM timates there are at least 2 million – and likely many more – dangerous goods shipments of various sizes by truck each year in Canada.

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Lease or Loan? A

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lot of my clients often ask whether a lease or a loan for their upcoming equipment purchase, is a better option for them. There are advantages and disadvantages to both. It really depends on each individual or company making the purchase, and the circumstances surrounding it. With a lease, the leasing company purchases the equipment and it is registered in the leasing company’s name. The driver or company then makes monthly payments for the use of this equipment. A leasing company can put restrictions on the equipment, such as not allowing alterations, or mileage restrictions. There is also a residual value at the end of a lease. The residual value is the amount that the equipment can be purchased for to buy it outright. The residual value can be re-leased and there can be options for the equipment to be returned to the leasing company. If returning equipment the residual value may have to be guaranteed or a possible penalty may be imposed. Working with drivers every day, I find the majority prefer leases over a traditional loan. However, personally I don’t want to restrict driving or impede a driver’s work in any way. I put in a residual value of $1 to avoid restrictions and pay the equipment off. The driver is paid up in full with the end of the lease and off they go with their paid off equipment. This opens doors for drivers to work as much as they want to. With a lease there can be certain tax advantages. The payments and taxes can be used as possible write offs. The payments are tax deductible and the GST portion can be claimed. Expensing the payments for a lease is done rather than depreciating the equipment as a capital cost. The equipment does not appear on your balance sheet, which helps with debt to equity ratios. With a traditional loan, the equipment is put in the driver’s name, and it is paid back in installments until paid in full, just like a car loan. I’ve seen only a few clients go this route, and every single one of them did it for the exact same reason; they wanted to claim the GST back immediately. They could not afford the down payment and needed the GST back to live on after they cleaned out their bank accounts. Claiming the GST in one lump is an advantage to the traditional loan, but if you can barely cover your down payment and have nothing to live on, it may be in your best interest to continue - Pash Brar B.A. Pash is a mobile leasing representative with Auto One Leasing LP in Vancouver. She has a banking, collections and accounting background. She specializes in importing vehicles and trailers from the USA.


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5919, Fraser Street Vancouver BC V5W 2Z7

#5 - 8430, 128th Street Surrey BC V3W 4G3

101 - 30485 Blueridge Drive Abbotsford BC V2T 0B1

T: 604.325.1241 F: 604.325.1414

T: 604.502.0441 F: 604.502.0417

T: 604.746.4888 F: 604.746.4999


saving some money before making a major equipment purchase. Claiming GST is not a quick fix to a tight financial situation. It may be just a temporary solution to over spending and mismanaging funds. I live and work in the Vancouver, BC area and deal mainly with BC drivers. Our Harmonized Sales Tax or HST was removed in April 2013, and that brought about changes with prorate in BC that effect drivers with traditional loans. Specifically an exit tax was brought in. It wasn’t apparent until now as drivers were busy working in spring and summer and no one cut their prorate plates. Now with winter conditions arriving, some drivers like to take time off for vacation. They cut their prorate plates and put storage insurance on their equipment. If the equipment ceases to be prorated, they may be subject to a 7% exit tax of the depreciated purchase price of the equipment. If the equipment is leased, it is not subject to this exit tax. If the equipment is being used primarily in BC, or if it’s registered outside of BC, then the equipment is not subject to the exit tax. Those with traditional loans may find themselves paying $10,000 on newer equipment just to get their prorate plates reinstated. If changing fleets, make sure you get your new prorated plate the same or next day to avoid the exit tax. In BC, please call your prorate insurance office before you consider cancelling your plates, and your agent can guide you. I know my clients are well protected from the exit tax with leases which are not subject to exit tax. So when looking to purchase any equipment, it’s important to talk to your finance person or institution about what option is best for you. Each situation and each client is different, so discuss what is best for YOU, whether it’s a loan or a lease, or even a full cash buyout. I encourage my clients to see their accountants as well before making any purchase decisions. They know what’s best when it comes to your taxes, so please use that as a resource.

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Full length boat tails on Canadian trucks are one step closer to becoming a reality Currently, there are no full length boat tails operating on Canadian highways. The Canadian Trucking Alliance (CTA), expects this to change as a result of a published regulation change to Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 223 (CMVSS 223). The changes will allow for greater variety of “boat tail” designs to be used by trucking companies once the provincial regulations are updated. Boat tails are devices installed on the rear of trailers that reduce aerodynamic drag, thereby reducing GHG emissions from heavy commercial trucks that adopt the technology. Prior to the change by Transport Canada, the regulations severely restricted the ability for provinces to address boat tails in their own regulations and thereby the ability for trucking companies to deploy the use of this technology. Boat tails are in wide spread use in the United States and this change sets the stage for the use of this technology on a North American scale. The revisions to the standard were championed by the Canadian Trucking Alliance (CTA), its provincial association partners, as well as the provincial and territorial governments that participated on the Task Force on Vehicle Weights and Dimensions. The next important step in the process will be for all provincial associations to work with their government partners to bring about regulatory changes to allow the widespread adoption of this technology.

Does Your Biz Have Employees Aged 60 to 70?

Changes to the way you deduct Canada Pension Plan (CPP) contributions for your employees aged 60 to 70 came into effect in January 2012. CPP deductions for employees aged 60 to 70 • You have to deduct CPP contributions for all employees who are 60 to 65 years of age -- even if the employee is receiving a CPP or Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) retirement pension and did not contribute in the past. • You must also deduct CPP contributions for all employees who are 65 to 70 years of age, unless they choose not to contribute to the CPP by giving you a signed and completed copy of Form CPT30, Election to Stop Contributing to the Canada Pension Plan, or Revocation of a Prior Election. They also have to send the original Form CPT30 to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). • Workers who were at least 65 years of age in 2012, receiving a CPP or QPP retirement pension, and who had chosen to stop contributing to the CPP can start contributing again if they want to, but they have to wait until the next calendar year. They will be able to do so by giving their employer another signed CPT30 and sending the original to the CRA. • After the month in which they turn 70 years of age, employees can no longer contribute to the CPP. Consequences If you, as the employer, do not deduct or remit CPP contributions to the CRA, you may have to pay your employee’s share and your share of the CPP contributions. If you do not remit the contributions to the CRA by the due date, you may also be charged penalties and interest. For more information, go to payroll and select “Penalties, interest, and other consequences.” Employees working in Quebec and other workers not subject to the CPP are not affected by these changes. JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014


Ken Cooke Owner - COASTLINE TRANSMISSION A Powertrain Specialist with more than 35 years of experience

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ith all the snow and ice on the roads at this time of year, questions about how the power divider works and when it should be engaged are being asked again. Drivers, along with most mechanics, don’t understand how an inter-axle differential actually functions. The Inter-Axle Differential (IAD), commonly referred to as the “Power Divider”, is by far the least understood component of a truck’s powertrain. The most common misunderstanding is that a truck is driven by one differential until the power divider is engaged or “locked”, when in fact; a truck is driven by both differentials (all 4 set of wheels) on a tandem tractor whether the power divider is locked or unlocked as long as there is good traction. The power divider accepts torque from the driveline and distributes it equally to the two differentials on a tandem axle truck. This assembly is of the two-gear design consisting of an input shaft, inter-axle differential, side gear, output shaft and two constant-mesh helical gears. The power divider compensates for minor variations in speed between the two axles on a tandem axle truck, the same way the wheel differential works between the two wheels of a single drive axle. The power divider also acts as a central point in distribution of torque to the two axles. The power divider includes a driver-controlled, air-operated lockout. When lockout is engaged, it mechanically prevents inter-axle differentiation for better performance under poor traction conditions. In other words it locks the front and rear drive shafts together forcing one wheel on the front axle and one wheel on the back axle to spinout before the truck loses traction. With the power divider unlocked, a tandem axle truck can completely lose traction by spinning one wheel on either axle. Lockout should only be engaged when both axles are rotating at the same speed. Operation should be limited to low-traction situations and should be disengaged when normal traction returns. Failure to do so will result in poor handling and damage to the axle components. Prolonged operation with the lockout engaged can damage axle and driveline components. Here are a few “Tips” for proper IAD operation. • The IAD switch should be in the “Unlock” position for normal operating conditions where there is good traction. • “Lock” the IAD at any speed when approaching or anticipating icy or poor driving conditions to provide improved traction. • Always unlock the IAD when the need for improved traction has passed or when the vehicle is on a good road or highway. • After locking or unlocking the IAD, let up on the accelerator to provide an interruption in torque to the drivetrain. • Do not actuate the IAD switch while one or more wheels are slipping, spinning or losing traction, or damage to the differential or axle shafts can result. • Do not spin the wheels with the IAD unlocked, or damage to the power divider could result. If you have any questions about your power divider or any other powertrain related subject, call Coastline Transmission toll free at 1-888-686-4327.

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China’s Economy, Truck Market, On the Rise

The pace of China’s economic growth saw an uptick in Q3’13, finishing the quarter with real GDP increasing 7.8% year over year, according to the most recent China Commercial Vehicle Outlook, jointly published quarterly by ACT and SIC, China’s State Information Center. It includes an overview of the China economy and a review and forecast of China’s heavy and medium-duty truck and bus markets, as well as analysis of OEM market shares within China. “Heavy truck and tractor growth was spurred by replacement demand and a steady macro economy,” said Frank Maly, Director – CV Transportation Analysis and Research at ACT. “Medium truck sales, while faring well, grew at a more moderate pace. Meanwhile, domestic sales of large and medium buses fell significantly, down 27.9% year over year, as a result of Q2 prebuys,” he added. “The forecast is for heavy and medium truck markets to continue to grow in the near-term, although modestly.” SIC is affiliated with the National Development and Reform Commission of China and is engaged in research on the macro-economy, key industries and information technology. ACT is the worldwide leading publisher of new and used commercial vehicle (CV) industry data, market analysis and forecasting services for the North American market, as well as the U.S. tractor-trailer market and the China CV market. ACT’s CV services are used by all major North American truck and trailer manufacturers and their suppliers, as well as the banking and investment community.


Volvo Begins Construction of Customer Experience Track at New River Valley Plant Volvo’s New River Valley (NRV) assembly plant in Dublin, Va. recently welcomed Volvo Trucks dealers and fleet representatives for a sneak-peek at the construction of a Customer Experience Track, set to open during the third quarter of 2014. The track will feature a 1.1-mile paved road course and an off-highway area, allowing Volvo to showcase its entire Class 8 lineup during customer tours and other events. “Customers visit our plant nearly every day to see their trucks being built and experience the passion and care that goes into the vehicles we manufacture,” said Goran Nyberg, president of Volvo Trucks North American Sales & Marketing. “Providing a handson opportunity is an important extension of that experience, and we believe it will foster an even deeper appreciation of the design, manufacturing and performance of Volvo products.” The paved road course is designed with banked corners, making highway speeds achievable. Inside the road course will be an offhighway area with a variety of surfaces and grades to simulate the most demanding of work environments. Rather than relying on outside resources for track design and construction, Volvo turned to a team of experienced employees skilled in design, excavation and the operation of heavy machinery. With the help of rented Volvo construction equipment, the team is tackling all aspects of the project – blueprints to bulldozing. “Employee engagement and project ownership is very important to us, and I commend our team for the excellent work they’re doing,” said Lars Blomberg, vice president and NRV general manager. “The new track is an investment in our future, and we look forward to delivering an even greater experience for all who visit the plant and have an opportunity to get in the driver’s seat.” JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

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White Paper Questions Reliability of CSA Data, Methodology A white paper issued by the American Trucking Associations discusses data and research on the connection between CSA scores and crash risk. The conclusion? Problems with the data and methodology deployed by the CSA safety-rating program “produce an imperfect and unreliable measure of a carrier’s safety record,” and is therefore unreliable for drawing conclusions about the crash risk of individual carriers, says ATA. As Fleet Owner reports, the white paper states that scores in at least three of the system’s measurement categories don’t bear a positive correlation to crash risk. Even in those categories that generally have a positive correlation to crash risk, the paper points out that there are tens of thousands of real-world “exceptions” -- carriers with high scores and low crash rates and vice-versa. “ATA continues to support the objectives of CSA and to call for improvements to the program,” said ATA president & CEO Bill Graves. “However, data and methodology problems continue to plague the system and the accuracy and reliability of companies’ scores. “It may make sense for FMCSA to use scores in those categories that correlate positively with crash risk to prioritize companies for enforcement review,” he continued. “In the process, FMCSA can verify whether or not the scores paint an accurate picture. “But third parties (shippers and brokers etc.) need to know that for the purposes of drawing conclusions about individual carriers, the scores are unreliable,” cautioned Graves. In addition, SMS scores can be used by plaintiffs’ attorneys and prosecutors in the context of post-crash litigation. “The question is whether or not the scores can be routinely relied upon to make sound, beneficial judgments about the safety posture of individual carriers,” says ATA. “Similarly, courts must be concerned with whether or not SMS data meet Federal and jurisdictional rules of evidence which require that the data be ‘trustworthy’ and rest on a reliable foundation.” “The relationship between scores and crash risk is impacted by a number of data and methodology problems that plague the system,” states ATA. What’s more, the identified correlations between scores and crash risk “represent industry-wide trends that often don’t hold true for individual carriers.”

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US Trucking Associations Want to Test Sleeper Berth Flexibility The American Trucking Association along with other state associations have asked the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration to conduct a pilot program to study increased flexibility in sleeper berth use by truck drivers. In a Dec. 3 proposal to FMCSA , the groups asked for a two-year exemption from the requirement for 10 consecutive hours of rest for approximately 200 drivers selected for participation in the program, reports Fleet Owner magazine. “The program, if initiated, will help both government and industry translate scientific findings from the laboratory to real-world trucking operations by providing data and information on the relationship between sleeper berth flexibility for off-duty rest and safety outcomes,” said a letter to the agency. The study would also test technological advances in monitoring driver alertness and behavior. Until a rule change in 2005, federal regulations had for decades allowed drivers to split their rest in sleeper berths. FMCSA’s latest rule change, FMCSA essentially eliminated split rest for solo drivers and allowed team drivers

to split rest only in very limited circumstances. The pilot could also collect data on: • Driving behavior that could indicate fatigue, including shifting patterns, speed variability, curve events, and lane departures, as measured by fleet management systems; • Time to react to stimuli as measured by the Psychomotor Vigilance Task at the beginning and end of work shifts; • Sleepiness as measured by the 9-point Karolinska Sleepiness Scale collected at the beginning and end of work shifts through either fleet management systems or smartphone apps; • Crashes and incidents, tracked by time of date, severity and type of crash; and • Working/resting activity as measured by electronic driver logs for both the control and exemption group, primarily to track how exempt drivers are splitting off-duty time. “Doing a pilot test using professional drivers in actual trucking operations could give the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration even more scientific data on which to base future improvements to the sleeper berth rules,” said Bill Graves, ATA president and CEO.


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Peterbilt’s New Vocational 567 Truck in Full Production


he Mid-America Trucking Show in Louisville, Kentucky was the perfect venue for Peterbilt to unveil and launch its new vocational Model 567. The truck, now in full production, was developed through some of the most extensive product research, development, and testing in Peterbilt’s long history of vocational models. According to Peterbilt Motor Company, the Model 567 is specifically designed with rugged durability and quality construction to endure the rigors of dump, logging, construction and the harshest of vocational applications. “There is strong demand for our new model in many different markets,” said Robert Woodall, Peterbilt’s Director of Sales and Marketing. “It can be ordered in 121- and 115-inch BBC lengths with a wide variety of heavy-duty components and axle configurations for increased payloads and optimized weight distribution.” According to the company, the Model 567 truck or tractor can be fitted and configured in a variety of ways to meet the wide range of heavy duty applications, which is great news for buyers. Durability and safety were in the forefront when it came to development of this new truck. The aluminum cab structure is now stronger, allowing for long-lasting endurance and ruggedness. According to Peterbilt’s Chief Engineer, Landon Sproull, “…the cast aluminum front cab mounts distribute road stresses more evenly, reducing road-induced wear while improving ride quality.” Peterbilt claims that the Model 567 comes standard to meet severe-service requirements. The Metton hood is lighter and stronger and is capable of withstanding impacts that would shatter or crack fiberglass or other materials. The hood also opens a full 90 degrees for easier access and improved serviceability. The large one-piece windshield and sloping hood provide a panoramic view, giving drivers greater visibility at all job sites. On the job, the set-back front axle provides excellent maneuverability and a tight turning radius. The Model 567 comes equipped with the PACCAR MX-13 engine, which produces 500 horsepower and 1850 lb-ft of torque. This motor will provide industry-leading performance, reliability and increased uptime. To fully utilize this power in all conditions and applications, the chassis is designed to maximize strength while minimizing weight for increased payload capacity. According to the company, compared to similar trucks, the Model 567 is 10 – 15% stiffer and allows for improved ride, driveability, and handling. Peterbilt spent considerable time and research in designing an interior of the cab that was comfortable and ergonomic for the driver. The fully adjustable steering column, combined with plenty of leg room under the dash, give the operator the space necessary to work and move. The Model 567 can be ordered as a day cab or with Peterbilt’s complete line-up of detachable sleepers, which come in 44”, 72”, and 80” lengths. The sleepers offer plenty of storage, shelving and lighting. Sproull states that the Model 567’s interior combines ruggedness and durability with comfort and performance for the vocational market. By interviewing hundreds of drivers about their driving and comfort preferences, Sproull said the Model 567 was designed to provide an operating environment that was not only productive, but safe and comfortable. 32


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Heavy Highway Vehicle

Use Tax

- Sonia Nanda

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What is the Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT)? The Heavy highway Vehicle Use Tax is a fee assessed annually on heavy vehicles operating on public highways in the United States at registered gross weights equal to or exceeding 55,000 pounds. How do you file to pay for the HVUT? You must complete the Form 2290 with all the required information and submit it along with the payment to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) before the deadline. Do you have to file the Form 2290? You must file Form 2290 and Schedule 1 if you have a registered taxable highway motor vehicle with a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more. The tax has to be paid by the person in whose name the highway motor vehicle is registered under the law of the state or province. Do I need to register to complete the Form 2290? You must be registered with the IRS and have an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to complete the Form 2290. When do you have to file the Form 2290? The Form 2290 must be filed for the month the taxable vehicle is first used on public highways during the current period. The current period began on July 1, 2013, and will end on June 30, 2014. The form has to be filed by the last day of the month following the month of the first use. Are there any vehicles that are exempt from the HVUT? Below is a list of the vehicles that are exempt from the HVUT: • Commercial vehicles that are travelling less than 5,000 miles in a year • Vehicles that are not considered highway motor vehicles such as mobile machinery for non-transportation functions, vehicles specifically designed for off highway transportation • Agriculture vehicles that are travelling less than 7,500 miles in a year What is the tax amount for each truck? The tax is based on the taxable gross weight in pounds. The tax ranges from $100 per year for a vehicle that has a weight of 55,000 pounds plus $22 for each 1,000 pounds in excess of 55,000 pounds up to a maximum of $550 for a vehicle that weighs over 75,000 pounds. Can you request an extension of time to file and pay? 34

kI hY hYvI hweIvyA vhIkl XUz tYks (hYc vI XU tI)? hYvI hweIvyA vhIkl XUz tYks ie`k auh slwnw inrDwrq kIqI geI PIs hY ijhVI aunHW hYvI vhIklW ‘qy lweI jWdI hY ijhVIAW ik AmrIkw ‘c 55,000 pONf ku`l Bwr jW ies qoN v`D Bwr leI rijstrf hn[ qusIN hYc vI XU tI dyx leI iks qrHW kwgz Brog? y swrI loVINdI jwxkwrI smyq quhwnUM Pwrm 2290 Brnw pvygw Aqy ies nUM id`qI hoeI qwrIK Kqm hox qoN pihlW mMgI geI PIs nwl ieMtrnl rYvinaU srivs ( AweI Awr AY`s) nUM Byjxw pvygw[ kI qhwnUM Pwrm 2290 Brnw zrUrI hY? jy qusIN 55,000 pONf Bwr jW ies qoN v`D Bwr vwLI tYksybl hweIvyA motr vhIkl rijstrf krvweI hoeI hY qW quhwnUM Pwrm 2290 Aqy skYjUAl 1 dwKl krnw hI pYxw hY[ styt jW sUby dy kwnUMn ADIn ijs ivAkqI dy nWA hyTW vhIkl drj hY aus v`loN ieh tYks Brnw hI pvygw[ kI mYnMU 2290 Pwrm Brn leI rijstrf hoxw zrUrI hY? quhwnUM AweI Awr AYs nwl rijstrf hoxw zrUrI hY Aqy Pwrm 2290 pUrw krn leI quhwfy kol AYNplwier AweIfYNtIiPkySn nMbr hoxw cwhidw hY[ quhwnUM 2290 Pwrm kdoN PweIl krnw cwhIdw hY? Pwrm 2290 audoN aus mhIny leI Brnw cwhIdw hY jdoN pihlI vwr tYks dyx vwLI vhIkl mOjUdw smyN dOrwn pbilk hweIvyA ‘qy AweI[ mOjUdw smW pihlI julweI 2013 qoN SurU hoieAw hY Aqy ieh 30 jUn 2014 nUM Kqm hovygw[pihlI vwr vrqy gey mhIny qoN pihlW Kqm hox vwly mhIny dy AwKrI idn q`k ieh Pwrm Brnw cwhIdw hY[ kI koeI Aijhy vhIkl vI hn ijnHW nUM AYc vI XU tI qoN Cot hY? AYc vI XUu tI qoN Cot imlx vwilAW vhIklW dI sUcI hyTW id`qI geI hY: * kmrSl vhIkl ijhVy swlwnw 5,000 mIl qoN G`t cldy hn[ * auh vhIkl ijhVy hweIvyA nUM nw vrqx vwly smJy jWdy hn, ijvyN mobweIl mSInrI ijhVI AwvwjweI dy kMmW leI nhIN vrqI jWdI , auh mSInrI ijhVI Kws krky hweIvA qoN lWBy rihx leI hI bxweI geI hY[ * AYgrIklcr dy auh vhIkl ijhVy swlwnw 7,500 mIl qoN G`t cldy hn[ hr ie`k tr`k dI ikMnI tYks dI rkm hY? tYks dI rkm pONfW ‘c ku`l tYks vwLy Bwr dy Anuswr hY[ 55,000 pONf dy Bwr qoN 100 fwlr pRqI swl qoN SurU ho ky 22 fwlr pRqI 1000 pONf q`k 550 fwlr q`k vDdw jWdw hY Aqy 75,000 pONf qoN vDyry Bwr JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014



An extension of time to file can be requested before the due date of the return. A written request has to be sent to the IRS explaining in detail the cause of the delay. An extension of time to pay the tax would have to be requested separately if the payment is not made before the deadline. Are there any penalties for being non-compliant? Yes, there are penalties for not complying with the HVUT requirements. The penalty for not filing the Form 2290 by the deadline is equal to 4.5 percent of the total tax due assessed on a monthly basis up to five months. If you do not make the HVUT payment on time, there is an additional penalty of 0.5 percent of total tax due. Additional interest charges of 0.54 percent per month are also accrued. In addition to these federal monetary penalties, your local state will suspend the registration of your vehicles if you do not provide proof of HVUT payment. Is there a situation when you can you claim a credit? Yes, you can claim a credit for tax paid on a vehicle if it was sold, destroyed, transferred or stolen and you have no intent to use the vehicle during the left over tax period. Supporting documents will be required when you file a claim with the name to whom and when you sold the vehicle. You can also claim a credit if the vehicle was used 5,000 miles or less (7,500 miles or less for agricultural vehicles). Where can I get more information and assistance with filing the Form 2290? You can call us at our toll free number at 1-800-965-9839 if you haven’t filed the Form 2290 and want more information or if you need assistance in filing the form.

dw 550 fwlr tYks hovygw[ kI qusIN PweIl krn Aqy tYks Adw krn leI vDyry smyN leI bynqI kr skdy ho? irtrn Byjx dI imQI imqI qoN pihlW vwDU smyN dI mMg kIqI jw skdI hY[ AweI Awr AYs nUM dyrI leI kwrn d`s ky ilKqI bynqI kIqI jw skdI hY[ tYks dyx ‘c dyrI leI v`KrI ilKqI bynqI krnI pYNdI hY[ kI kwnUn M I aulG M xw leI jurmwny vI ho skdy hn? hW, AYc vI XU tI dy hukmW dI alMGxw krn ‘qy zurmwny vI ho skdy hn[ Pwrm 2290 nUM imQI imqI q`k nw Brn ‘qy 5 mhIinAW q`k dy AMdwzy lwey gey tYks dw 4.5% dy brwbr dw jurmwnw ho skdw hY[ jy qusIN AYc vI tI XU dw insicq imqI q`k tYks nhIN jmHW krvwaNudy qW rihMdy tYks dw 0.5% dw jurmwnw hovygw[ies qoN ibnw 0.54% vwDU ivAwj vI ilAw jwvygw[ ienHW jurmwinAW qoN ibnw jy qusIN AYc vI XU tI dy Bugqwn dw sbUq nhIN idMdy qW quhwfI styt vwLy quhwfI rijstRySn vI sspYNf kr skdy hn[ kI koeI AijhI hwlq vI hY jdoN qusIN krYift klym kr skdy ho? hW jy qusIN vhIkl vyc id`qI hY jW corI ho geI hY, tu`t B`j geI hY jW trWsPr kr id`qI hY pr iesdw tYks id`qw hoieAw hY qW qusIN iesdw rihMdy smyN dw krYift vI klym kr skdy ho[ pr klym krn smyN ies sbMDI loVINdy kwgz p`qrW dI loV pvygI ieh d`sx leI ik ieh vhIkl iks nUM kdoN vycI geI[jy ieh vhIkl qusIN 5,000 mIl jW G`t (AYgrIklcrl vhIklW leI 7,500 jW G`t mIl) vrqI hY qW qusIN ies leI vI krYift lY skdy ho[ 2290 Pwrm Brn leI mYN ik`QNo jwxkwrI Aqy shwieqw lvW? jy qusIN Pwrm 2290 nhIN BirAw Aqy vDyry jwxkwrI cwhuMdy ho jW Pwrm Brn ‘c mdd dI loV hY qwN swfy nwL tol PRI nMbr 1-800965-9839 ‘qy g`l kr skdy ho[

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CARB Extending Low-Use Mileage Exemption in the Truck & Bus Rule Fleets who only occasionally travel in California may be able to benefit from a California Air Resources Board change to its Truck & Bus Rule in 2014. The state reportedly is upping its low-use mileage exemption from 1,000 miles to somewhere in the neighborhood of 5,000 to 7,500 miles. According to trade media reports, the lowuse exemption of the state’s Truck & Bus Rule will be boosted and will be available through 2020. Moreover, the two reported the “Good Faith Effort” rule will let truck owners have six months in 2014 to replace or retrofit their trucks to meet CARB standards or to apply for loans and grants to enable them to do so. However, it change is not likely to be adopted before April, so the 1,000 mile limit that is specified in the regulation is what is currently available to fleets.

To take advantage of the low-use exemption, carriers will need to report the vehicle, engine and owner information to CARB for registration Owner-operators who are leased to large fleets can also take advantage of the exemption. CTA has learned that another option that would exist is a “three-day pass” which provides a three-day exemption for a single vehicle. Only one vehicle per fleet per year is eligible. The form to obtain the pass is also available at the link above.

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There are better ways.

sI ey Awr bI v`lNo tr`k Aqy b`s dy loA XUz mweIlyj Cot inXm ‘c vwDw auh PlIt ijhVy kyvl kYlIPornIAw ‘c hI cldy hn, nUM 2014 ‘c kYlIPornIAw eyAr irsorsz borf v`loN tr`k AYNf b`s rUl ‘c kIqI qbdIlI qoN Pwiedw ho skdw hY[ styt v`loN G`to G`t clweI dI dr jo pihlW 1,000 mIl imQI geI sI nUM vDw ky 5,000 jW 7,000 mIl q`k krn dw ierwdw hY [ tryf Aqy mIfIAw irportW Anuswr styt dy loA XUz v`loN kIqI geI ieh soD 2020 q`k jwrI rhygI[ Kbr Anuswr ‘gu`f PyQ AYPrt’ nWA dy ies inXm Anuswr tr`k mwlkW nUM 2014 ‘c sI ey Awr bI stYNfrf Anuswr tr`kW ‘c qbdIlI krn leI krzw Aqy grWt vI iml skygI[ pr ieh qbdIlI AprYl qoN pihlW hox vwLI nhIN ies leI hwl dI GVI qW PlItW leI 1,000 mIl vwlw inXm hI lwgU rhygw[ ies inXm dw lwB pRwpq krn leI sbMDq lokW nUM rijstRySn krvwaux leI vhIkl, ieMjx Aqy mwlk sbMDI swrI jwxkwrI sI ey Awr bI nUM dyxI pvygI[ v`fy PlItW nwl lIz kwrn juVy Enr Awprytr vI ies Cot dw Pwiedw auTw skdy hn[ sI tI ey dI jwxkwrI Anuswr ie`k hor shUlq vI hY ijsdw nWA hY ‘ QrI fyA pws’ Bwv iqMn idn dw pws[ieh isMgl vhIkl nUM iqMn idn dI Cot idMdI hY[ies Anuswr hr PlIt dI ie`k vhIkl nUM hI swl Br leI ieh shUlq iml skdI hY[jy ieh pws lYxw hovy qW ies dy ilMk ‘qy jw ky Brn leI Pwrm ilAw jw skdw hY[ JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

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Freight Volume-Rate Reality Hasn’t Matched Carrier Expectations More carriers in the U.S. are also expressing optimism for increases in volumes. The steady growth of the economy is producing increasingly positive expectations from carriers, according to the latest survey by Transport Capital Partners. Since the fourth quarter of 2012, positive volume expectations have risen to 61% from 29%. A majority of carriers are also expecting rates to climb over the coming 12 months. Almost three times as many carriers are optimistic about rate increases than those that are pessimistic. Smaller carries (those grossing under $25 million per year) are slightly more positive about rate expectations that their larger counterparts - 65% vs. 60%. “Volumes and rates continue to be more entwined as positive GDP numbers are laid on top of effective capacity brought down by the CSA driver hour mandates,” says Steven Dutro, TCP Partner. “If 5-10% of driver hours have been reduced

in the systems, 5 to 10% more drivers are required with higher pay. And in most cases it appears carriers will need to buy more trucks, adding to their fixed costs.” However, despite this optimism, rate and volume growth has yet to fully materialize – aside from the construction, petroleum, and seasonal freight sectors. For the past 16 quarters (since February 2010), a majority of carriers have expected rates to increase. However, it is only since the first quarter of 2013 that rates have actually risen, says TCP. Seventy-two percent of carriers saw rates remain the same for this quarter. This quarter, more smaller carriers experienced rate increases than larger carriers – 36% vs. 20%. In the OTA’s Q413 Business Expectations survey released last month, carriers reported significant improvements in volumes over the last few months -- including southbound lanes.

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bhuq swry Bwr Fox vwly vI ipCly 12 mhIinAW qoN Aws lweI bYTy hn ik BwVy dIAw drW ‘c vwDw hovy[ pr keI kYrIArz ies sbMDI Aws guAw bYTy hn[ BwVw vDx dI Aws lweI bYTy tr`k mwlkW dI igxqI aunHW qo mwlkW qoN iq`gxI hY jo AwsvMd nhIN[ CotIAW kMpnIAW vwly jo 25 imlIAn slwnw qoN G`t dw kwrobwr krdy hn, ies sbMDI ku`J vDyry AwsvMd hn ik BwVy dIAW drW ‘c zrUr vwDw hovygw[ienHW ‘coN 65% nUM ieh Aws hY jdoN ik v`fIAW kMpnIAW ‘coN kyvl 60% nM hI BwVw vDx dI Aws hY[ tI sI pI pwrtnr dy stIvn dw kihxw hY ik Bwr dI Gxqw jW mwqrw Aqy drW ie`k dUjy nwl juVIAW hoeIAW hn[jy isstm ‘c frweIvrW dy kMm krn dy GMty 5-10% q`k Gtw id`qy jWdy hn qW ies qrHW krn nwL vDyry frweIvrW dI loV pvygI[ ieh vI ho skdw hY ik kYrIAr kMpnIAW nUM hor tr`k KRIdxy pYx[ies qrHW aunHW dy KricAW ‘c hor vwDw hovygw[pr ku`J vI hovy kMstRkSn, pYtrolIAm sIznl sYktrW qoN ault ryt Aqy Bwr dI h`d sbMDI Ajy TIk PYsly hoxy bwkI hn[ tI sI pI Anuswr bhuq swrIAW kYrIAr kMpnIAW PrvrI 2010 qoN BwVy dIAW drW vDx dI Aws lweI bYTIAW sn pr 48 mhIinAW bwAd hI ieh vwDw ho sikAw hY[ ieh 2013 dw pihlw kuAwtr sI jdoN ik Asl ‘c ieh vwDw hoieAw[ pr 72% kYrIAr vwilAW leI ies kuAwrtr ‘c vI auhI ryt sn[ ies kuAwrtr ‘c Coty kYrIAr leI BwVy dIAW drW v`fIAW kYrIAr kMpnIAW nwloN izAwdw vDIAW hn[ Bwv 20% dy mukwbly 36%[ E tI ey v`loN jwrI kIqy ip`Cy ijhy ibzns AYkspYktySn srvy Anuswr ipCilAW mhIinAW ‘c swaUQbwaUNf lynz smyq Bwr dI mwqrw ‘c kwPI vwDw hoieAw hY[

Trailer Order Activity Solid over Past Few Months The robust 43% month-over-month gain in net orders in October was followed by November’s less vigorous 3% month-overmonth improvement. Strength was concentrated in dry vans, flats and liquid tanks. This information was included in the most recent State of the Industry: U.S. Trailers published by ACT Research Co. (ACT). “On a year-over-year basis, total net orders of 25,670 units were up 17%,” said Frank Maly, Director – CV Transportation Analysis and Research at ACT. “Cancellations continued to be low, and that appears to be the result of firm commitments by fleets,” he added. JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

Unit 100 - 663 Sumas Way Abbotsford, BC

Parts: 604-852-5848 Service: 604-852-6066



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The Tooth-Friendly Diet O

ral health is related to diet in many ways. There is a need to understand the relationship between nutrition and oral health to prevent many dental diseases. Research has progressed a great deal to ascertain the factors that cause tooth decay. Originally, only sugar was blamed for tooth decay but nowadays, we know that there are a variety of factors that are responsible for decayed teeth in people of all ages. What food we eat, passes through our mouth. Here it meets the germs, or bacteria, that live in our mouth. These bacteria love sugars found in many foods. When we don’t clean our teeth after eating, plaque mixes with sugar to produce acids that can destroy the hard surface of the tooth, called enamel. After a while, tooth decay happens. Choice of foods The food that you eat affects your mouth not only by building healthier teeth and gums, but also by helping prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Hence it is important that you gLy dI ishq dw Awm qOr ‘qy swfy Bojn choose the best diet for your teeth, including what foods to eat, what beverages to drink, nwL keI qrHW dw sbMD hY[ dMdW dIAW bhuq as also what foods to avoid. A healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean swrIAW ibmwrIAW nUM rokx leI swnUM gLy dI proteins, and unsaturated fats will benefit your overall oral health. ishq Aqy Kurwk dy sbMD nUM smJx dI loV Our endeavour in this column is to educate you on how to select the best diet for good hY [ kIqIAW KojW qoN ieh g`l swhmxy AweI hY dental health. ik keI kwrn hn ijhVy dMdW nUM Krwb krn • Teeth and Calcium: Calcium, the mineral that forms the majority of your teeth’s mass, ‘c kwrn bxdy hn[ pihlW pihlW qW ieh hI is an important nutrient for maintaining healthy, strong and resilient teeth. You must include smiJAw jWdw sI ik kyvl KMf hI hY jo dMdW calcium in your diet because your body can’t manufacture it. A diet with adequate calcium nU M Krwb krn dw kwrn bxdI hY[ pr hux will help prevent tooth decay. When a diet is low in calcium, the body draws the mineral pqw l` g w hY ik KM f hI nhIN keI hor kwrn vI from teeth and bones, which can increase your risk of tooth decay and the incidence of hn jo dM d W nU M nu k swn krdy hn[Aqy ieh sB cavities. If dietary calcium is insufficient, you are at a greater risk for gum disease. Good au m r dy lo k W ‘qy Asr krdy hn[ calcium sources are found in dairy foods like milk, cheese, and yogurt; fish; and in some ijhVI vI Ku r wk AsIN KWdy hW auh swfy vegetables such as broccoli, peas, leafy greens, sesame seeds dried figs and apricots. mU M h rwhIN hI AM d r jWdI hY [ ie`Qy Bojn dw • Teeth and Vitamin C: Deficiency of Vitamin C causes the gums to become red from tkrwA au n H W jrmW jW bY k tIrIAw nwl huMdw inflammation, swelling and hence gums bleed easily. All fruits (particularly citrus fruits hY ho swfy mU M h ‘c hn[ ieh bYksuch as orange and grapefruit, mango, papaya, pineapple, strawberries, watertIrIAw KM f dy bhu q ipAwry hn jo melon) and vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, cabbage, turnip, sweet ik bhuq swry BojnW ‘c huMdI hY[ jdoN and white potatoes, tomatoes and other leafy greens) contain some amount of AsIN Kwxw Kwx qoN bwAd Awpxy dMd vitamin C. If you suffer from bleeding gums and your dentist rules out poor swP nhIN krdy qW plyk KMf nwl dental hygiene, include Vitamin C in your diet. iml ky ie`k iksm dw qyzwb bxwaNudI • Teeth and Fruits and Vegetables: Fruits and vegetables promote good hY jo dMdW dy sKq ql ijs nUM eInyml dental health; so include them in your daily diet. The vitamins, minerals and kihMdy hn, nUM Krwb kr idMdI hY[ antioxidants in these foods protect teeth and gums. Crunchy fruits and vegies qrHW kuJ smyN bwAd dMd Krwb gies are excellent for your teeth in two ways. The crisp texture acts as a dehoxy SurU ho jWdy hn[ tergent on teeth, wiping away bacteria that can cause plaque. Additionally, Jagdeep Kaur Kwx vwLy Bojn dI cox these foods require a lot of chewing, which increases the production of saliva B.D.S, M.P.H cM gw Bojn jo qusIN KWdy ho ieh qhneutralizing the acid creation by the bacteria. wfy gL nUM cMgy Aqy SkqISwlI dMd • Foods to Avoid: While it’s important to have a varied diet, some food choices are a lot less tooth-friendly than others. Foods that are chewy and sticky are more Aqy msUVy bxwaux ‘c hI mdd nhIN krdw likely to stay on your teeth longer and cause decay. Any food or drink high in acid can raise sgoN dMdW nUM Krwb hox qoN rokx Aqy msUiVHAW the level of acid in your mouth. Likewise if your diet consists largely of nutritionally poor dIAW ibmwrIAW qoN vI bcwauNdw hY[ ies leI ikhVw Bojn qusIN KWdy ho, kI qusIN pINdy ho foods, i.e., junk food, your oral health is bound to suffer. The strongest teeth are the ones that grow with the help of good wholesome food such as ies dI cox TIk FMg nwl kro[ nwL hI ieh milk, cheese, eggs, fish, meat, vegetables, cereals and fresh fruit. These foods contain calci- iDAwn r`Kx dI loV hY ik ikhVI cIz Kwx um and other minerals which are essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Drinking jW pIx qoN bcxw hY[ quhwfI smu`cI ishq leI plenty of water keeps mouth moist and protects teeth from cavities. Oral health problems zrUrI hY ik qusIN &l Aqy sbzIAW smyq, hol can be prevented by: Eating a healthy balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, lean protein and gryn, lIn pRotInz Aqy AnsYcUrytf PYt dI low-fat dairy products and whole grains that provide essential nutrients for optimum oral vrqoN kro[ ieh quhwfI gLy dI ishq qoN ibnw health and overall health. Even foods and drinks that are good for your teeth, like milk, bwkI srIr dI ishq cMgI r`Kx ‘c vI shweI contain sugars. No matter what you eat, it’s important to brush and floss afterward — or hovygI[ pr ies lyK ‘c swfw mu`K mMqv quhat least to rinse your mouth with water. Brush twice a day using either a manual or power wnMU ieh d`sxw hI hY ik dMdW dI sMBwl ikvyN krnI hY[ toothbrush, and remember to visit a dentist at least twice a year for checkups.

dMdW leI shweI Bojn



dMd Aqy kYlSIAm dMdW dw mu`K ADwr bxwaux vwLI kYylSIAm dMdW nMU Arog, lckIly Aqy SkqISwlI r`Kx ‘c vI mh`qvpUrn BUimkw inBwaNdI hY[ ikauN ik quhwfw srIr iesnUM nhIN bxw skdw ies leI quhwnUM Awpxy Bojn ‘c kYlSIAm dI vrqNo zrUr krnI cwhIdI hY[ jy quhwfy Bojn ‘c kYlSIAm dI Fu`kvIN mwqrw hovygI qW ies nwl quhwfy dMd Krwb hox qoN bc skdy hn[ pr jdoN quhwfy Kwxy ‘c kYlSIAm dI mwqrw G`t huMdI hYy pr srIr nUM iesdI loV hox kwrn ieh dMdW Aqy h`fIAW ‘coN leI jWdI hY ijs kwrn srIr ‘c iesdI Gwt ho jwvygI Aqy iesdw kwrn ieh hovygw ik quhwfy dMd Krwb hox l`g pYxgy Aqy KoVHW ‘c nuks pY jwvygw[ ies qoN ibnw Kurwk ‘c G`t kYlSIAm hox kwrn msUiVHAW nUM ibmwrI l`gx dw Kqrw vI ho skdw hY[ kYlSAIm dy mu`K soimAW ‘c fyArI vsqW ijvyN du`D, pnIr Awid; m`CI; sbzIAW ijvyN brOklI, mtr, hry p`iqAW vwlIAW sbzIAW, iqL, AMzIr Aqy KurmwnI Awid Swml hn[ dMd Aqy ivtwimn sI ivtwimn sI dI Gwt hox kwrn msUVy su`j ky lwl ho jWdy hn Aqy ienHW ‘coN KUn vgx l`g pYNdw hY[ swry &l (Kws krky istrs PrUt ijvyN ik sMqrw, gryp PrUt, AMb, ppwieAw, Anwnws, strwAbyrI, hdvwxw) Aqy sbzIAW ( broklI, Pu`l goBI, pwlk, bMd goBI, goNglU, svIt Aqy vweIt potyto, tmwtr Aqy hor p`qy vwlIAW hrIAW sbzIAW) ‘c ku`J nw ku`J ivtwimn sI dI mwqrw huMdI hY[ jy quhwfy msUiVHAW ‘coN KUn vgdw hY Aqy quhwfw dMdW dw fwktr dMdW dI ibmwrI d`sdw hY qW Awpxy Bojn ‘c ivtwimn sI zrUr Swml kro[ dMd, &l Aqy sbzIAW &l Aqy sbzIAW quhwfy dMdW nUM vDIAw r`Kdy hn ies leI Awpxy rozwnw Bojn dw ienHW nUM zrUr ih`sw bxwE[ ienHW BojnW ivcly ivtwimn, imnrl Aqy AYNtIAwksIfYNt quhwfy dMdW Aqy msUiVHAW dw bcwA krdy hn[ dMdW nwL kRIcx vwly &l Aqy sbzIAW quhwfy dMdW leI dohry shweI huMdy hn[ ies nwL quhwfy dMdW dI sPweI huMdI hY Aqy ies nwl dMdW qoN pypVI l`QdI hYy[ ies qoN ibnw ies qrHW dy Bojn nUM bhuq cbwauxw pYNdw hY ijs nwl mUMh ‘c LwLW bxdIAW hn ijhVIAW ik bYktIrIAw v`loN bxwey qyzwbI mwdy dw ^wqmw krdIAW hn[ pRhyz r`Kx vwlw Bojn ieh hr koeI cwhuMdw hY ik vMn suvMny Bojn dw AnMd mwixAw jwvy pr keI Bojn pdwrQ dMdW leI hornW BojnW nwloN G`t shweI jW kih lvo nukswndyh vI ho skdy hn[ dMdW nwL icMbVn vwly Aqy cIau iksm dy Bojn izAwdw smW dMdW nwl icMbVy rihx krky dMdW nUM nukswn phuMcwauNdy hn[ ies dy nwL hI auh Bojn jW pIx vwlIAW vsqW ijnHW ‘c izAdw eyisf huMdw hY vI mUMh ‘c vDyry eyisf vDwaux dw kwrn bxdIAW hn[ ies leI jy quhwfy Bojn ‘c vDyry mwVy Bojn dI mwqrw Swml hY jW kih lE ik jMk PUf hY qW quhwfy mUMh nUM nukswn hoxw insicq hY[ sB qoN SkqISwlI dMd auh rihMdy hn ijhJANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

Vy vDIAw Bojn pRwpq krdy hn ijvyN du`D, pnIr, AWfy, m`CI, mIt, sbzIAW, sIrIAl, Aqy qwzy &l[ ies qrHW dy Bojn ‘c kYlSIAm Aqy hor auh DwqW Swml huMdIAW hn jo ishqmMd dMdW Aqy msUiVHAW leI shwiek huMdIAW hn[ bhuqw pwxI pIx dw ieh Pwiedw huMdw hY ik ieh quhwfy gLy nUM nm r`Kdw hY Aqy dMdW ‘c KoVHW pYx qoN bcwauNdw hY[ gLy dIAW ishq sbMDI muSklW nUM rokx leI: &lW, sbzIAW lIn pRotIn, loA PYt Aqy fyArI pdwrQW dI vrqoN krnw Aqy hol gryn dI Xog vrqoN krdy rihx nwL gLy dI vI Aqy smu`cI ishq vI TIk rihMdI hY[ ku`J Bojn Aqy pIx vwLy qrl jo quhwfy dMdW leI TIk hn ‘c vI SUgr huMdI hY[ pr jo ku`J vI qusIN KwE bwAd ‘c ausdw rihMd KUMhd k`Fx leI zrUrI hY ik qusIN dMdW nUM cMgI qrHW sw& kro[ G`to G`t pwxI nwl hI sw& kr lE[ dMdW nMU hr roz do vwr burS kro[ ieh BwvyN h`Q nwl krn vwlw hovy jW pwvr burS hovy[ ieh vI iDAwn r`Ko ik Awpxy dMdW vwLy fwktr nUM Awpxy dMd ivKwaux leI swl ‘c do vwr zrUr jwE[


New International Trucking Reference for Motor Carriers Hiring Immigrant Drivers The BC Trucking Association (BCTA) today released the International Trucking Reference: Roads, Rules, and Drivers, a guide to the truck driving environment in 10 countries to help motor carriers understand how the skills and experience of an immigrant driver might translate to a professional career in BC. BCTA developed the International Trucking Reference with input from motor carriers about the type of information they need to make hiring decisions about job candidates who have gained the bulk of their commercial driving experience outside Canada. Included are pointers on the reasons for recruiting drivers from the immigrant labour pool, tips for finding and recruiting immigrant candidates, and considerations for successfully interviewing candidates from another culture. The Reference is a human resources tool for industry employers facing a huge driver shortage, which the Conference Board of Canada has projected will see up to 33,000 empty seats by 2020. As one of two BCTA projects made possible by the Immigrant Employment Council of BC (IEC-BC) and funded by the Government of Canada and the Province of BC, the International Trucking Reference will help address immigrant talent hiring and retention challenges faced by BC employers. “Given that most BC trucking companies are small to mid-sized, they may not have

the staff to research the background of a job applicant with foreign experience. BCTA is pleased that funding from the federal and provincial governments has allowed us to create the International Trucking Reference, a dependable, easy-to-use resource that will save employers time and help them make better-informed hiring decisions,” said Louise Yako, BCTA President & CEO. The International Trucking Reference was authored by Ottawa-based Graybridge Malkalm, a training and consulting firm specializing in organizational diversity. BCTA carriers recommended a “top 10” list of countries to include in the guide: India, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, the Philippines, Poland, the Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, the Ukraine and the United Kingdom. The Reference provides an accurate profile of the driving environment in each country, including a description of the terrain and climate, commercial vehicle types, typical driver responsibilities, licensing and training standards, infrastructure, and regulations, among others. “Immigrants who call BC home bring a wealth of talent to our province – talent that employers can tap into as long as they know how to recognize the skills and experience. BCTA’s project will help employers understand the working environments of qualified professional drivers who have immigrated from other countries, and give them confi-

dence they are hiring people with the skills their companies – and our economy – need,” said Minister of Jobs, Tourism and Skills Training and Responsible for Labour, Shirley Bond. The International Trucking Reference complements BCTA’s IDRIVE – the Immigrant Driver Readiness – Industry Validation and Engagement project, which BCTA is piloting now. IDRIVE participants complete four tests, including a road test, to assess their experience and readiness for work in BC. With an immigrant candidate’s IDRIVE report in hand and details from the country profiles in the International Trucking Reference, BC employers can take on new drivers with greater confidence in their ability to operate on North American roads. “Employers know firsthand the challenges and opportunities in hiring and integrating skilled immigrants into their workplaces. Resources like the International Trucking Reference are a boon to both employers and immigrants,” said Kelly Pollack, IEC-BC Executive Director. The International Trucking Reference: Roads, Rules, and Drivers is available to industry employers on BCTA’s website at More information about IDRIVE is also available on the landing page. The Asia Pacific Gateway Skills Table is managing both projects on BCTA’s behalf.

Project team in place to support Massey Tunnel project

South Fraser Perimeter Road completed, officially opens

The George Massey Tunnel Replacement Project development team is now in place, with the award of contracts to support engineering, technical and community relations work leading up to construction. Four contracts have been awarded for project engineers, technical advisors, environmental specialists and community relations project team members. The contracts awarded are: Owner’s Engineer: MMM Group Limited. Contract value: $24 million. Technical Advisors: Sun Coast Consulting Ltd. Contract value: $22 million. Environmental Advisors: Hemmera EnviroChem Inc. Contract value: $9 million. Community Relations: Lucent Strategies Inc. Contract value: $6 million. Engineering and technical work is underway to develop a project scope and business case for a new bridge to replace the tunnel, along with associated Highway 99 corridor improvements. This work will ensure that the project remains on track for construction to begin in 2017.

The Government of Canada and Province of B.C. celebrate this milestone event


The $1.26 billion South Fraser Perimeter Road was opened in Delta, British Columbia. The Honourable Kerry-Lynne Findlay, Minister of National Revenue, on behalf of the Honourable Lisa Raitt, Minister of Transport, along with B.C.’s Minister of Transportation and Infrastructure, Todd Stone, marked the completion of the 40-kilometre, four-lane road, which will improve safety for drivers, while enhancing the efficient movement of goods to export destinations in the Asia-Pacific. The road extends from the existing Highway 17/Deltaport Way interchange, through the municipalities of Delta and Surrey, along the south bank of the Fraser River, and connects to all five major Fraser River crossings, saving motorists time and offering more travel options. The eastern section of the South Fraser Perimeter Road, from Highway 1 at 176th St. to 136th St. in Surrey, opened in November 2012. The remainder of the South Fraser Perimeter Road, from 136th St. in Surrey to Deltaport Way in Delta, open. JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

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Meritor WABCO Enhances OnLane, its Innovative Lane Departure Warning System; New Video-Capturing Safety Feature Now Available Meritor WABCO, a leader in the integration of safety and efficiency technology for the North American commercial vehicle industry, today announced a new option for OnLane™, its innovative lane departure warning system, that enhances OnLane with the ability to record and save videos of critical safety events. The new video safety option is available now. “This additional and robust safety feature responds to specific needs of fleet customers that utilize the most advanced, integrated safety components, including stability con-


trol, traction control, collision mitigation and lane departure warning,” said Carsten Duevell, senior director, Vehicle Control Systems, Meritor WABCO. “Critical event videocapturing is a valuable enhancement to our Integrated Safety Systems product line.” Meritor WABCO’s OnLane, powered with SafeTraK technology by Takata, is a vision-based lane departure warning system. It is designed to monitor road markings and the vehicle’s position in the lane. The system delivers distinct audible warnings to the driver encouraging the use of turn signals,

if the vehicle leaves its lane unintentionally. In addition, OnLane is equipped with the industry’s only driver alertness warning (DAW) feature, which detects erratic or degraded driving based on lane weaving and provides a warning to the driver. This unique DAW safety innovation helps drivers stay aware of dangerous driving situations caused by fatigue or distraction. Meritor WABCO’s new video-capturing feature is triggered by critical events, such as sudden deceleration. When a critical safety event occurs, the system will capture forwardlooking color video of the scene ahead for the 10 seconds before – and five seconds after – the start of the event. The enhanced OnLane system automatically stores the 20 most recent videos. The videos can be downloaded manually using Meritor WABCO’s TOOLBOX™ 11.0 diagnostic software. The video download function is included with the purchase of TOOLBOX 11.0. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Association (FMCSA) is promoting voluntary adoption of lane departure warning systems to trucking fleets to encourage safe driving behaviors, mitigate accidents and reduce the number of crashes. Commercial vehicle collisions involving property damage can cost fleets up to $197,000 per occurrence, while those resulting in fatalities can cost up to $1.2 million. FMCSA has estimated that the payback for lane departure warning systems can be nearly sevenfold in nine months or less. As reported by the American Trucking Associations, 80 to 90 percent of truckrelated accidents with cars are attributed to the other vehicle, and as a result, video documentation can strongly support potential related litigation. OnLane’s industry-exclusive one-box solution allows for quick and simple installation coupled with outstanding reliability. Vehicle alerts and warnings can be transmitted to fleet management systems through a telematics system. OnLane also can be equipped as a retrofit solution to existing fleet vehicles, in addition to OEM line build. OnLane sales, service and technical support is available from DriveForce™ and OnTrac, Meritor WABCO’s industry-leading organization of 110 dedicated support professionals. For additional product information or to order, contact Meritor WABCO in the United States or Canada by calling 866-OnTrac1 (866-668-7221). JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

Safety is the Best Prevention! Axis Insurance Managers Inc., wants you to know how to be a safe driver this holiday season. This is a happy time of year to spend with friends and family. As we all hit the road, heavy truck drivers and regular passenger vehicles alike, we ask that you follow these tips to ensure you arrive at your destination safely. One of the most dangerous winter driving hazards is skidding. If it happens at high speeds, the result can be deadly. But most skids are avoidable by simply adjusting to winter driving conditions and knowing how to recover from a skid. Skids are likely to occur on curves and turns, so slow down ahead of time to prepare for the curve. Then when in the curve accelerate slowly and steer steadily with no abrupt change in direction and no abrupt braking. Driving smoothly can help prevent the skid. If you skid, remember two important rules, don’t steer against the skid and avoid using brakes. Since accidents are more common in winter, you should be extra cautious while driving. Drive on slippery roads at reduced speeds and increase the distance behind the vehicle ahead. A safe stop on icy or snow-packed roads is a tricky manoeuvre that requires skill and good judgment. Anticipate stops by slowing gradually, well ahead of intersections. Allow for more than enough time to stop safely. Plan ahead of time for lane changes, check your rear-view mirror and your blind spots, and indicate your intentions to traffic behind you. Then, swing over in a long, gradual line. Make the move with the smallest possible steering change and with a light foot on the gas. Statistics show that most automobile and heavy truck crashes are caused by the driver of the automobile, and it’s commonly because


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the automobile driver is not paying attention to the truck drivers blind spot. We ask that automobile drivers keep their passengers safe by driving around trucks and buses with extra caution. Here are some tips for driver’s maneuvering around large trucks and buses: Large trucks have blind spots called no-zones around the front, back and side of the truck. It is important to try and stay out of these nozones. If you can’t see the truck drivers mirror, the truck driver cannot see you. Simple as that. Don’t swerve in front of a truck or cause the truck driver to come to a sudden stop. It can take up to the length of a football field for a large truck to come to a complete stop. A 36,000 Kg truck travelling at 100 KM/h can take a full 300 feet to stop completely. Avoid squeeze play. Truck drivers sometimes need to swing wide to the left in order to safely negotiate a right turn, especially in urban areas. Drivers cannot see directly behind them, so cutting in behind the truck and the curb increases the chance of a crash or squeeze. Whenever you are driving in any weather, be sure your vehicle is properly equipped. Your brakes should be functioning correctly, and your tires should be properly inflated with a good tread surface. Sometimes snow tires and even chains may be best to help keep your vehicle under control during dangerous conditions. Mani Sharma, CAIB Truck and Transport Insurance Executive Axis Insurance Managers Inc.



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1.800.887.5030 JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014


Dispatching a Freight Order Pryt Awrfr dI ifspYicMg D

ispatching is an integral process of every trucking logistr`kW nwl sbMDq hr kMm dw ifspYicMg AinKVvW AMg hY [ ies tics operation. The business’ success lies on the efficiency, ibzns dI kwmXwbI leI ifspyYicMg FMgW ‘c inpuMnqw sMBwl Aqy maintainability and effectiveness of the dispatching techniques. vDIAw pRBwv zrUrI hn[Pryt Awrfr dy ifspYc dw islislw KRId The dispatching cycle of a freight order begins with the confirmaAwrfr dI puStI qoN bwAd SurU ho jWdw hY[Pryt Awrfr dy pUry c`kr tion of a purchase order. The various tasks which are required to be ‘c hyT ilKIAW g`lW Swml hn: performed during the full life cycle of a freight order are: 1. Awrfr imlxw 1. Receiving the Order 2. Awrfr nUM spurd krnw 2. Assigning the Order 3. Awrfr dw pRbMD krnw 3. Managing the Order 4. Awrfr dI ibilMg 4. Billing the Order 5. Awrfr dw pUrw hoxw 5. Closing the Order ‘dysI tr`ikMg’ dy ipCly AMk ‘c ilKy lyK ‘c mYN Awrfr pRwpq krn In the last article for Desi Trucking, I discussed the importance dy kYrIAr kMpnI leI mh`qv sbMDI iliKAw sI[ies lyK ‘c Pryt of receiving an order for any carrier company. This article is foAwrfr nUM sONpx sbMDI d`isAw jwvygw[ cused on assigning the freight order. ie`k Awrfr nUM qoV inBwaux Aqy pUry lwB dI kwmXwbI leI zrUrI A dispatcher’s role in determining the right equipment and driver hY ik aus leI iks qrHW dw smwn Aqy ikhVw frweIvr cuixAw hY[ to match the requirements of an order contributes towards the ulies qrHW dy smwn ‘c ip`k A`p Aqy filvrI (pI AYNf fI) tr`k jW Pu`l timate success and profitability rate of the order. The equipment trYktr trylr ho skdw hY[ hr qrHW dI hwlq ‘c ifspYcr nUM ieh can be a pick-up & delivery (P&D) truck, or a full tractor-trailer XkInI bxwauxw cwhIdw hY ik kI auh Kws trylr smwn l`dx, lwhux combination. In each case, the dispatcher must ensure that the trailAqy Fox leI Fu`kvW hY[ies qrHW dy smyN srkwr dy inXmW, smwn dw er is suitable for loading, unloading and carrying the load. ConKwkw, PlIt dw drjw Aqy dUjI kYrIAr kMpnI dy sMprkW nUM iDAwn sideration has to be given for government regulations, equipment ‘c r`Kxw cwhIdw hY[ profiles, driver’s profiles, fleet status, and outside carrier company srkwrI inXm: tr`kW v`loN srkwrI sVkW vrqx kwrn aunHW nUM contacts. PYfrl Aqy styt v`loN bxwey gey inXmW dI pwlxw krnI pYNdI hY[ieh Government Regulations: As the trucks use public inXm ieh XkInI bxwauNdy hn ik tr`k sur`iKAq FMg nwl roads, they are governed by federal as well as provincial c`lx[tr`kW v`loN hr ieMfstrI dy smwn dI FoAw FuAweI krn legislature. These regulations ensure that trucks operate krky ienHW nUM aunHW ieMfstrIAW dy inXmW dI pwlxw krnI safely. Also, the trucks haul freight for virtually every pYNdI hY[imswl vjoN pSUAW dI FoAw FuAweI pSUAW nUM Fox dy other industry, so to some extent fall under the regulatory inXmW ADIn AwauNdI hY Aqy inaUUklr rihMd KUMhd Kqrnwk purview of these other industries; for example, livestock vsqW nUM sMBwlx dy kwnUMn hyT AwauNdI hY[tr`kW vwilAW nUM v`K hauling comes under regulations on the handling of aniv`K h`dbMdIAW ‘coN lMGxw pNYdw hY ies dw ArQ ieh hoieAw mals, and the transport of nuclear wastes comes under ik aunHW nUM v`K v`K kwnUMnW Aqy tYks inXmW dw swhmxw krnw dangerous goods handling regulations. Some trucks cross pYNdw hY ijhVy ik v`K v`K srkwrW dy v`K v`K hn[ifspYcr jurisdictional boundaries, meaning their operators come - Dara Nagra leI zrUrI hYy ik auh ienHW swry inXmW jW kwnUMnW qoN vwkP into contact with different rules and tax regimes as they MBA PMP ® hovy[ies qrHW dy inXm vI hn ijhVy ik ieh d`sdy hn ik vary from government to government. The dispatcher frweIvr ny lgwqwr ikMnw smW frweIivMg krnI hY Aqy ikMnw needs to be aware of all such rules and regulations. There are govsmW Awrwm krnw hY[ frweIvrW nUM kMm idMdy smyN ifspYcr nUM ienHW ernment guidelines on how many hours the drivers can drive conswrIAw g`lW nUM vI iDAwn ‘c r`Kx dI loV hY[ aus nUM ieh vI iDAwn tinually and how many hours of complete rest is required. When r`Kx dI loV hY ik smwn phuMcwaux Aqy rsqy ‘c l`dx lwhux leI scheduling drivers, the dispatcher needs to consider these factors ikMnw smW l`gygw Aqy ieh iks vkq Aqy ikhVI imqI nUM sbMDq QwvW when making decisions. He/she must ensure that the driver has suf‘qy phuMcygw[ jy ies qrHW dIAW g`lW nUM iDAwn ‘c r`iKAw jwvy qW ficient hours available to move the load to its final or intermediate durGtnwvW dI sMBwvnw Gt jWdI hYy[. destination by its due date and time. This consideration reduces the smwn sbMDI jwxkwrI : ifspYcr nUM swry smwn Bwv tr`k jW trylr probability of accidents. sbMDI pUrI jwxkwrI hoxI cwhIdI hY[ iksy tr`k nUM smwn l`dx leI Equipment Profiles: The dispatcher needs to possess a thorough kihx qoN pihlW ieh jwxkwrI zrUrI hY ik AimSn tYst vrgy inXunderstanding of all the equipment (trucks and trailers). The reguimq tYst, bRyk cY`k A`p, Aqy ilaUb dI bdlI, tRWsimSn cY`k A`p, lar maintenance schedules like emission tests, brake checkups, oil sit`kr/ plytW Awid nUM nivAwauxw Awid kI kr ley gey hn[ kI and lube change, transmission checkups and sticker/plate renewsmwn l`dx vwLw tr`k sbMDq smwn l`dy jwx vwly Bwr dy Anuswr als must be considered before scheduling any equipment for any vI hYy[Kws iksm dw smwn ijvNyN ik pRoifaUus, kYmIklz, qrl vsqW, order. The equipment needs to be compliant with the freight’s redvweIAW jW Awtomobwiel nUM Fu`kvNyN l`dx vwly tr`kW ‘c hI ByijAw jw quirements. Specialized freights like produce, chemicals, liquid, skdw hY[Kws iksm dw smwn sbMDI jwxkwrI ijvyN ik rIPr, frOp medicine or automobiles need to be assigned with appropriate fY`k, PlYt bY`f, tYNk kMntynr Awid sB TIk Bwr Aqy TIk l`dx vwly equipment. Knowledge of specialized equipment like reefers, drop swzo smwn leI auhI shI cox krdy hn[ decks, flat beds and tank containers helps in determining the proper frweIvrW sbMDI pUrI jwxkwrI : ifspYcr leI zrUrI hY ik auh 48


match of equipment with freight. Driver’s Profiles: The dispatcher needs to know all the driver’s profiles. What specialized certification they possess? When are their driver’s licenses due for renewal? Do they have an up to date drug test certificate? Are they eligible to travel across borders? Do they have any personal preferences like short haul vs. long haul? What is their vacation schedule? Some specialized freight like explosive chemicals, dangerous goods or inflammable materials can only be assigned to those drivers who are fully trained and certified to handle those goods. All the drivers must be treated fairly when assigning the loads based on their experience, commitment, specialized skills and personal preferences. Fleet Status: The dispatcher needs to keep a close eye on all of the fleet. What is the status of existing orders? How many orders are ready to be dispatched at a particular time? How many trucks are on the road? What truck, trailer or driver is currently available to be assigned for dispatch? The knowledge of the current status of different equipment and drivers can prevent conflicts in dispatching. Partner Carrier Company Profiles: The dispatcher needs to be aware of all of their partner carrier companies. A contact list of all these companies needs to be maintained. In the situation where the dispatcher’s own resources are completely booked, these contacts can be approached for outsourcing the loads. Policies and procedures on who to contact should already be in place. The rate and payment terms should be negotiated up-front. Insurance coverage as well as partner carrier’s authorities and permits needs to be verified for full compliance and coverage. The knowledge and responsibility of a dispatcher is the key determinant factor in the successful execution of a freight order. Keeping customers informed about the latest status of their freight and providing them with an accurate ETA (estimated time of arrival) is very important. Satisfied and happy customers always bring more orders to the company. frweIvrW sbMDI pUrI jwxkwrI r`Ky[aunHW dIAW Kws ivSySqweIAW jW iks Kws kMm dy mwihr hn, bwry jwxU hovy[ aunHW frweIvrW dy lwiesMs rIinaU hox vwLy qW nhIN hn jy hn qW ieh kdoN hoxy hn[ kI aunHW kol hux q`k dy fr`g tYst srtIiPkyt hn? kI auh bwrfr pwr krn leI Xog hn? auh iks g`l nUM qrjIh idMdy hn- Coty sPr jW lMby sPr nUM? aunHW dIAW Cu`tIAW dw kI pRogrwm hY? ku`J Kws iksm dy Bwr ijvyN ik DmwkwKyz kYmIkl, Kqry vwlIAW vsqw, jW CyqI A`g PVn vwly pdwrQ jW smwn aunW frweIvrW nUM hI id`qw jw skdw hY jo ies kMm leI isiKAq hn Aqy mwihr hn[ frweIvrW nuM aunW dI Xogqw, vcnb`Dqw, Kws guxW Aqy aunHNw dIAW AwpxIAW psMdW Anuswr hI kMm dyxw cwhIdw hYy[ PlIt dw p`Dr : ifspYcr leI ieh zrurI hY ik auh swry PlIt ‘qy bVI bwrIkI nwl nzr r`Ky[aus nUM ieh vI pqw hoxw cwhIdw hY ik mojUdw Awrfr iks p`Dr ‘qy hY[ iksy Kws smyN ‘qy ikMny Awrfr ifspYc krn vwLy hn[sVk ‘qy ies smyN ikMny tr`k jw rhy hn? ifspYc leI hux ikhVw tr`k, trylr Aqy frweIvr iml skdw hY? jy hr smwn Aqy frweIvr dI qwzw siQqI dw pqw hovy qW ifspYc ‘c pYx vwlIAW rukwvtW qon bicAw jw skdw hY[ kMpnIAW sbMDI pUrI jwxkwrI : ifspYcr nUM Awpxy nwL dIAW swrIAW kYrIAr kMpnIAW sbMDI pUrI jwxkwrI hoxI zrUrI hY[ ienHW kMpnIAW nwL sMprk krn leI ie`k kwntYkt ilst zrUr hoxI cwhIdI hYy[jy ifspYcr dy Awpxy swry vsIly kMm ‘c ru`Jy hoey hn qW ienHW kMpnIAW nwl sMprk krky lof id`qy jw skdy hn[iks nUM kdoN qy ikvyN sMprk krnw hY ies sbMDI inXm Aqy FMgW dI jwxkwrI kol hoxw zrUrI hYy[ BwVy dy ryt Aqy AdwiegI dIAW SrqW mOky ‘qy hI qYA kIqIAW jw skdIAW hn[ aunHW dI ieMSUrYNs kvryj Aqy primt Awid pUrI qrHW cY`k kr lYxy cwhIdy hn[ iksy Pryt Awrfr nUM kwmXwbI nwl isry cVHwaux leI loVINdy kwrjW ‘c ifspYcr dI mu`K Buimkw huMdI hY[ gwhkW nUM aunHW dy Bwr dI qwzw jwxkwrI Aqy smwn phuMcx dw AMdwzn smW d`sxw bhuq zrUrI huMdw hY[ jy gwhk dI qs`lI ho jWdI hY qW auh KuS hMudw hY[ ies qrHW auh kMpnI kol vDyry gwhk ilAwaux ‘c shweI hMudw hY[ JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014


Auto Review

Reviewed by: J. Dhatt - SJ Power Media Inc.


ince my last review of the 2013 XF, I couldn’t wait to get behind the wheel of another Jaguar. The XF was impressive and I was pretty sure that Jaguar’s flagship XJ would also flatter me. Plus, after seeing the image of M being chauffeured around in the new XJL Portfolio, in the summer blockbuster Skyfall, I could only imagine how elegant the automobile would be. My test vehicle, the new 2013 XJ, was again supplied by Jaguar Richmond. Like the XF, the 2013 XJ came equipped with a new supercharged V6, all-wheel drive and an 8-speed transmission.

The “new” XJ body style has been around since it was unveiled in 2009, where it first broke away from the classic Jaguar mold. The XJ is a big car and from any angle, it cannot be mistaken for anything else, except a Jaguar. While some luxury sedans share some similarity in their conservative shapes, the 2013 XJ continues with its distinct and elegant exterior. The Jag is curvaceous, and its flowing lines are absolutely stunning. The front end of the car is 50

The 2013 XJ CAT gets Supercharged and AWD muscular, yet elegant at the same time. The rear casket like look of the car is like no other vehicle and takes some time getting used, but the cat’s claw tail lamps are to be admired. During my test drive of the XF, I had many people stop and admire the car; but with the XJ, people not only started, but actually stopped in their tracks. I now appreciate how M felt in her XJL. The interior of the XJ is exactly what one would expect from Jaguar, featuring contemporary aluminum, gorgeous real wood veneers and form-hugging supple leather. The cabin accurately reflects the size of the car – it is open and spacious. The standard glass panoramic roof not only allows the occupants of the vehicle to relish the world from a new perspective, but also floods the cabin with natural light, making it feel more airy. Like in the XF, the one option that every buyer should get is the Jet SuedeCloth headliner, which adds a high level of richness and elegance to the cabin. The Virtual Instrument Panel continues to replace the conventional dashboard cluster with a 12.3” TFT screen. This virtual dashboard displays a selection of gauges that appear as solid 3-D instruments, and they change colour to reflect the selected driving mode. At the center of the dash sits a single 8-inch intuitive touch screen display, which controls most aspects of the audio, telephone, navigation and climate systems. I have to say that Jaguar has made one of the most user-friendly, functional, and simplistic designs for the touch screen I’ve seen, something which complements Jaguar’s philosophy – simplicity and elegance. The system is, however, a little sluggish at times, especially when using the Bluetooth. The space under the display houses some additional quick controls for the defrost, temperature and audio controls. Sitting in the front seats really allows you to appreciate the layout of the Jaguar XJ – it is futuristic, but not in any overpowering way. Press the pulsating phosphorus blue start button, and the dramatic JaguarDrive gear selector rises from the center console, waking the JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

feline from its sleep. I’ve got to say, this is one of the coolest innovations on any car. On the road, the XJ is an amazing sedan to drive. The previous versions of the XJ only came with a V8; however, thankfully, the 2013 model now comes standard with an all new supercharged 3.0L V6, producing 340 horsepower and 332 lb-ft of torque. Power is smooth and at higher rpm’s, you can hear the whining of the supercharger, which will launch this cat from 0-96 km/h in just 5.7 seconds, which was surprisingly quick for a big car. Throw in the all-new 8-speed transmission and all-wheel drive, and the XJ is the perfect sport sedan for any day of the year. Around the city, the big car feels very nimble; turning corners and parking is a breeze, thanks to front and rear parking sensors. The suspension is better than in previous years – it is now softer and more sophisticated, absorbing minor bumps and imperfections of the road, providing a smooth and quiet ride. On the open road, throw the shifter into sport mode, engage Dynamic Drive and the timid cat morphs into a hungry lion. With Sport Mode and Dynamic Mode activated, the gears and rpms shifts are optimized for a pure performance driving experience. An aspect of the car that many dislike, but I find is a great and economical addition, is the new start/stop technology. Similar to BMW, when the Jaguar

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XJ comes to a stop, the motor turns off, conserving fuel. Take your foot off the brake and the engine fires back up ever so slightly, and you’re on your way. This technology is turned on by default, but can easily be turned off with a push of a button. During my week with the car, I had a combined fuel economy of 10.2L/100 km – that’s pretty impressive for an all-wheel drive supercharged V6. This is an improvement of 11% in the city and 22% on the highway when compared with the previous V8 engine. If you don’t care for fuel economy, then opt for the available, head-snapping 5.0L V8 supercharged engine, which offers 550 horsepower and 502 lb-ft of torque on the XJR version (available for 2014). I can only imagine the power that is harnessed under that hood. With a starting price of just $89,000 the supercharged V6 all-wheel drive XJ comes loaded with many options: dual-zone climate control, rain-sensing wipers, electric sunroof, rear park assist, heated power front seats, a 7-inch intuitive touch screen, bi-xenon headlights, LED tail lights, 10-speaker Meridian audio system, intelligent start/stop technology, JaguarDrive Control with sport mode, Dynamic Mode, Winter Mode, paddle shifters, heated steering wheel with full audio/phone controls, and automatic headlights, just to name a few. If you’re the kind of person who wants more room, then opt for the XJL Portfolio edition, which adds 130mm (about 5 inches) of extra rear legroom. As mentioned in my previous review of the XF, and now with the XJ, I have come to appreciate Jaguar’s new models much more as compared to previous generations. The new XJ is a beautiful and sophisticated automobile and needs to be driven to be appreciated. It’s no wonder why the producers of Skyfall chose the XJL as M’s main car. JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014


Auto Review

2014 BlueTEC is the new Green


hen the Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) first became popular in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s, they were mostly used for off-road purposes. Fast forward to 2014, and most SUV’s rarely see gravel roads, let alone showcase their off-road capabilities. The modern luxury SUV is built for the active family who mostly drives around town and needs to take the occasional trips to the mountains. For that purpose, the Mercedes-Benz M Class is a top contender in this category. My test vehicle, the 2014 Mercedes ML 350 BlueTEC 4Matic was supplied by Thomas Monies, Sales Manager of MercedesBenz Langley; the dealership is owned by the DiReviewed by: lawri Automotive Group of Companies. J. Dhatt - SJ Power Media Inc. This 3rd generation M Class, which was launched in 2012, is a nice mix of contemporary and conservative styles. Compared to past modtion, which I like, rather than the standard 8 o’clock position. My els, the exterior is more aggressive, with its imposing front end, one caveat here with the controls is the location of the electronic complete with large air dams, distinctive broad radiator grille, and gear shifter – it is a lever, located on the right side of the steering large center star. The sides of the vehicle have more sculpted and column. Now, call me old fashioned, but I prefer the gear shifter, elongated lines that extend to the characteristic C-pillars. To give a complete with manual shift mode, to be located between the two sportier stance, the roof line descends to the rear, where there is a front seats; to make amends, Mercedes did add paddle shifters. powerful-looking roof spoiler, horizontal lines in the tailgate, and The dash of the M Class is very clean and classier than previous LED tail lights. This new M Class is a great looking SUV, and is models, although it is still conservative in design. At the center of exactly what you would expect from Mercedes-Benz. the dash sits a 7-inch multimedia screen, and it displays all navigaStep into the driver’s seat and you’ll notice a sedan-like feel, with tion, radio, telephone, and climate settings. The screen is bright and swooping horizontal lines that emphasize width throughout the the images in navigation and camera mode are crisp. The Bluetooth cabin. The interior is clearly inspired by the flagship S-Class, givand voice controls are accurate and work very well – in addition, ing the M Class a much more elegant, sophisticated, and contemwhen making calls, people on the other end could hear me loud porary look. This 5-passenger vehicle has ample room for two tall and clear, even at highway speeds. My test vehicle came equipped adults in the rear seats, although seating 3 across may be slightly with the Premium Package, which added a rear-view camera and snug. My two younger daughters appreciated the rear heated seats, a 360-degree view – this is another option that all buyers should

especially during this past cold December month. At the front, the heated power leather seats provide excellent support, even during long journeys. One aspect of Mercedes-Benz that I really admire is their conscious effort in ergonomics. For example, front seat controls are placed on the door panels, rather than hiding them on the seat sides. The turn signal lever is also placed at the 10 o’clock posi52

get because it makes parking and getting into tight spaces a breeze. Another ergonomic design feature that I really like in the M Class is that the buttons for making calls, placed to the right of the screen, are just that – buttons that you can press, rather than having to turn a dial and input numbers. Once you fire up the vehicle by pressing the start button, you’ll JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

notice that the ML350 BlueTEC is surprisingly quiet. With most diesel engines, there is some knocking noise present – this is not the case with the new ML. On the road, when driving in Comfort Mode, the vehicle behaves as a luxury SUV should: smooth, predictable, and comfortable. In Sport Mode, there is more crispness in the steering, the suspension is tighter and the rpm limits are raised slightly, giving higher shift levels. The electromechanical steering is responsive and forgiving, and in Sport Mode, offers good feedback from the road. This vehicle is not aimed at winning a slalom course, but it will take you to your destination in style and grace. I was also able to test the capability of the 4Matic as the ground was piled with snow and slush. Maneuvering the vehicle around the slick and slushy roads was no problem and handling on icy roads was great. This vehicle is perfect for any Canadian weather and terrain as the suspension is remarkably versatile for on- and off-road driving. The M Class is available with 4 engine choices. The base ML 350 V-6, which was completely redesigned last year, has 302 horsepower and 275 lb-ft of torque. This motor is one of the best in its class and springs the vehicle into action from rest or when pressed to pass. The ML 550 V-8 produces 402 horsepower and 443 lb-ft of torque. The top of the range is the ML 63 AMG, which produces

518 horsepower and 516 lb-ft of torque. Now, my favourite motor has to be the ML350 BlueTEC, which produces 240 horsepower and a whopping 455 lb-ft of torque. This motor has enough spirit to tackle a V-8 yet only sips fuel, giving a combined EPA rating of 8.9 L/100 km. All engines are mated to a 7-speed Tronic Plus automatic transmission and hit most sweet spots along the entire rpm range. As you would expect, safety has always been at the forefront for MercedesBenz. The M Class has standard ABS, 11 front, side, knee and curtain airbags, traction control, and stability control. The M Class also has features such as engine shut-off, unlocking of doors, and hazard light activation in the event of an impact. Plus, with options such as Distronic Plus, Active Blind Spot Assist, Active Lane Keeping Assist, and Attention Assist, the occupants are ensured the highest levels of safety. The 2014 Mercedes Benz ML350 BlueTEC was a pleasant surprise as it was a much more sophisticated and refined vehicle than I expected. If you don’t need a 7-passenger SUV, the M Class is an excellent choice, especially with the BlueTEC engine. The M Class starts at $59,900, while the BlueTEC starts at $61,400. Contact the Mercedes-Benz Langley dealership for more information or to book your test drive.

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Accommodate more. Consume less. The All-New 2014 Sprinter. Starting at $43,415*. We don’t just measure efficiency in litres. We measure it in time saved. And thanks to the All-New 2014 Sprinter, you’ll get more out of both. Learn more about the Sprinter efficiencies at

Mercedes-Benz Langley

20801 Langley Bypass Langley, BC Tel: 604.533.1205 |

©2013 Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. *MSRP is $43,415, based on model 2C1444. Price includes freight and delivery charges of $2895, environmental levies of $125 and documentation fee of $495. Vehicle license, insurance, and registration are extra. Vehicle prices subject to change. Dealer may sell for less. Order or trade might be necessary. Please contact Mercedes-Benz Langley or visit for more details.



tr`ikMg ivc ku`J mwVy Ansr (ku`J ku lokW ny kIqw BweIcwrw bdnwm) guirMdrjIq isMG (nItw mwCIky) AYfItr not: ibnW S`k pMjwbI is`K kOm bhwdrI, iemwndwrI Aqy au~cy su`cy ikrdwr vwly lokW nwl BrI peI hY, ijMnW ny AwpxI imhnq nwl pUrI dunIAW iv`c AwpxW lohw mnvwieAw hY[ swnUM AwpxI ies kOm au~pr pUrw mwx hY Aqy AsIN &Kr Awpxy Awp nUM ies dw ie`k ih`sw mMndy hW[ pr A`j kuJ ku mwVy bMidAW dy mwVy kMmW krky swfI pUrI kOm nUM keI vwr SrimMdgI auTwauxI pYNdI hY[ swfI iehnW BrwvW A`gy h`Q bMn ky bynqI hY ik auh Awpxy iehnW kwrnwimAW krky pUrI is`K kOm nMU bdnwm nw krn[ auh vI jmwnw sI, jdo pMjwbI pUrI dunIAW AMdr iemwndwrI,bhwdrI Aqy imhnq krky mwrIAW m`lw krky jwxy jwdy sn[pMjwbIAw dy bhwdrI dy iksy swnMU kwbul kMDwr, srh`d pwr qo A`j vI suxn nMU imldy hn[ie`jq p`Ko vI iehnW dw koeI swnI nhI sI [dusmx vI is`Kw dI isPq krno rih nhI sikAw[ purwxy smy AMdr pMjwb kwPI dUr q`k PYilAw hoieAw sI qy jMglw Awid dy iv`co lMGky pYfW qYh krky rwhI mMjl q`k phuMcdy sn qy lokI keI keI AwdmIAW dw JuMf bxw ky fwkUAw vgYrw qo frdy luk iCpky sPr krdy sn[kihMdy hn ik Agr ie`k vI is`K auhnW XwqrIAW dy kwPly nwl rl jwdw sI qw lokI Awpxy Awp nMU sur`iKAq mihsUs krdy sn[Ajy k`uJ smW pihlw dI g`l hY Awpxy ipMfw iv`c Awm pMifq lok vI Awpxy jyTy pu`q nMU sdw isMG sjwaudy hMudy sn Aqy auhnMU gurU dI Amwnq AwK pukwrdy sn[pMjwbIAw ny ipCly kwPI virAw qo bwhrly mulkw iv`c vI bVIAW m`lW mwrIAW hn[AwpxI imhnq krky cMgIAW coKIAW kmweIAW krky is`Kw ny bwhrly mulkw iv`c cMgW nwmxW K`itAw ijs krky gory mUl dy lokw ny is`KW nMU BrpUr ie`jq Aqy mwx id`qw[pr ipCly ku`J smy qo pMjwbI goirAw qo imilAw mwx snmwn brkrwr nhI r`K sky[knyfw qo AmrIkw dwKl huMdy bwrfr qy Anykw pMjwbI tr`k frwievr nsIly pdwrQw dI qskrI krdy PVy gey[ hux jdo vI puils vwlw KMfy dw inswn iksy tr`k aupr l`igAw vyKdw qw nsIly pdwrQw dI Bwl leI J`t qlwsI leI rok lYdw hY[iehnW jldI AmIr hox dy ie`Ck tr`kw vwly muMifAW ny coKI bdnwmI pMjwbI BweIcwry dI JolI pweI[cMgy cMgy ibjnsmYn vI ies dwg qo bc nw sky[ kwPI igxqI iv`c pMjwbI mufy lMbIAW sjwvW AmrIkw knyfw dIAw jylHw AMdr nsIly pdwrQw dI qskrI krky Bugq rhy hn[Pyr lokI pMjwbIAw nMMU storW vgYrw qo kMm dyxo vI guryj krn l`gy hn ,ikaky rijstr iv`co corI krno pMjwbI bwj nhIN sn AwauNdy[iek iSkwgo v`l dw Awpxy Awp nMU gYs stySnw dw bwdswh khwaudw hudW sI[ausny Awpxy pMpw vgYrw iv`c koeI AysI cIj lgw rKI sI, ijs krky gYlx mItr qy JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014

pUry idKweI id`dy sn pr Asl kwr dI tYkI iv`c gYs G`t pYdw sI [ijs krky ies ienswn nMU vI jylH dI hvw KwxI peI[ iksy ny iensorYnsW dy Gply kIqy iksy ny AwpixAw nwl hI Cl krky pMjwbIAq nMU bdnwm krn dI koisS kIqI[kuJ ku pMjwbI tYksI vwly vIrw ny vI Awpxy mItrW nwl CyV CwV krky auh qyj kIqy hudy hn[ijs krky QoVy sPr dOrwn vI svwrI qo ijAdw pYsy vtory jWdy hn[ A`j k`l sB qo ijAwdw pMjwbIAw nMU Kws krky is`KI Bys nMU kuJ ku swfy hI tr`k frwievr vIrW ny bhuq ijAwdw bdnwm kIqw hoieAw hY ,ijnW ny Kws qOr qy v`fy v`fy fIjl tYk lgvwky corI dw qyl pwaux nMU hI AwpxW muK ik`qw bxwieAw hoieAw hY[jy vyiKAw jwvy iqMn sO gylx dy tYk bhuq v`fy huMdy ny , Agr imhnq dI kmweI nwl ieh tYk Brny hox qW hjwr fwlr KulH jWdw hY , Pyr ijhVy vIr pMj pMj sO gylx dy AwPtr mwrkIt tYk lgvweI iPrdy hn, mYnUM qw ieh smJ nhI AwaudI ik ieh kI is`D krnW chuMdy hn ieh AYny v`fy v`fy tYNk lgvw ik corI dy qyl qo ibnW auhnW nMU Brdy ikvy hn nwly iehnW dw AYksl vyt ikvy shI rihMdw hY[myry iKAwl muqwibk cwr sO gylx qo v`fy tYNk vYsy vI gYr knMUnI hY ikauky AYnI v`fI mwqrw iv`c fIjl kYrI krnW hYijrfs mtIrIAl iv`c Awaudw hY qy Agr puils vwlw cwhy qw itkt vI dy skdw hY[mYnMU lgdw ik durGtnW dy dOrwn Awpxy pMjwbI muMifAW dy tr`kw nMU A`g l`gx dy kwrnW iv`c vI Swied ieh ijAdw mwqrw vwlw fIjl AihMm rol Adw krdw hovygw ikauky iqMn sO gylx qo ijAdw fIjl tr`k nwl bMn ik iPrnW qW tr`k nwl bMb bMnx dy brwbr hY[ijAwdw pYsy bxwaux dy c`kr iv`c lok Awpxw ipCokV Bulky ,swfy puriKAw v`lo imlI is`iKAw auhnw dy sMskwrw nMU iCky tMg ky, bIbIAw dwVIAw r`Kky ikrpwn vI a~upr dI pWaudy ny qy g`lw vI bVIAw Dwrimk krdy ny, keI qw loB moh hMkwr nMU iqAwgky swdw jIvn ijaux nMU qrjIh idMdy ny,kuJ ku nMU qw mY ieho ijihAw nMU vI jwxdw hW jo sihb sRI gurU goibMd isMG dy jIvn nMU Xwd krky mgrm`C dy A`QrU vI vhwaudy hn[pr ieh lok jo krqUqw krdy hn,auhnw ny is`KI nMU bVI v`fI Fwh lweI hY[swied iesy krky ieh khwvq Awm hI lokw dy muMho suxI jWdI hY ik ijfI v`fI dwhVI EfHw v`fw JUT[ikauky ipCly ku`J swlHw qo pMjwbI BweIcwry AMdr fIjl corW dI kwPI Brmwr hY[qy pMjwbIAW ny trWsport dy ibjns iv`c ijQy cMgw nwmxw K`itAw auQy fIjl corI krn iv`c vI pMjwbIAW dw nwm pUrw hI cmkwieAw[A`jk`l ku`J ku tr`k stwpW vwly vIrw ny spYSl bMdy ies kMm leI r`Ky hn ik jdo pMjwbI bMdw tr`k iv`c fIjl pwauNdw hY qw ijnw icr fIjl pYdW hY auhnw icr

auh AwdmI auQy pihrw idMdw hY qw jo fIjl corI nMU roikAw jwvy[ieh pMgy Awpxy lokw dy hI pwey hoey hn[ikauky pihloN pihl ibnw pihlW pYsy idiqAW pMp Aon kr id`qy jWdy sn,qy lokw iv`c iemwndwrI vI bhuq sI[Agr koeI gwhk pYsy Adw krnw Bul vI jwdw sI qw dUsry idn Kud pYsy dy jwdw sI[mYnMU smJ nhI AwaudI ik swfy lok AmrIkw vrgy mulk iv`c rihky vI bhuq GtIAw kwrnwmy krdy hn, ijnHW iv`c tr`k stwpw qo fIjl corI krnw A`jk`l kwPI crcw dw ivSw bixAw hoieAw hY[ pr ipCly idnI mn nMU aus vyly BwrI s`t v`jI jdo pUrn rUp iv`c guris`K dI Poto puils ny qyl corI krn dy ieljwm hyT ibnw dsqwr qo rlIj kIqI [mY ies g`loN hYrwn hW ik ikrq krn vrgy muFly is`KI isDwqw nMU ieh idlo ivswr ky AmrIkw vrgy mulk iv`c iks igrwvt q`k cly jWdy hn,iehnw nMU swfy gurUAW v`lo isrW dy mu`l Byt krky kwiem kIqI hoeI srdwrI dI vI koeI kdr nhI rhI[corI krnI swfy smwj dw sB qo nIc drjy dw kMm hY ,auQy Dn kmwaux ipCy l`gI AMnI dOV krky ieh lok AwpxI iejq nwl Awp iKlvwV kr rhy hn[ iehnw dw loB lwlc vI prly drjy dw huMdw hY, swfy Drm AMdr iksy dw h`k mwrky kmwey pYsy dI rotI iek jihr Kwx dy brwbr hY[iek is`K dI qwkq is`KI dy AsUlw iv`c hY[ kuJ GtIAw iksm dy lok ies jwmy iv`c is`KI dy Bys iv`c bgly dI jUn k`t rhy hn,ijhVw ienswn hr vkq lwlc v`s ho ky ivcrdw hY ,nw qw auh Drm dy nyVy ho skdw hY,qy nw hI swfy smwj dw vDIAw ihsw bx skdw hY[ suqI AxK vwly iehnw lokw nMU PVy jwx qy nw koeI srIrk qklIP hudI hY Aqy nw hI kortW iv`c D`ky Kwx vyly koeI mwnisk pIV hudI hY[ijhVI dsqwr nMU is`Kw ny Awpxy is`KI dy isDWqw a~upr pihrw dy ky siqkwr vjo Awpxy isr dw qwj bxw ky dunIAW iv`c srdwr hox dw mwx hwsl kIqw, ausy dsqwr nMU is`KI dy Bys iv`c Cupy s`jx T`g prdysW iv`c roldy hn, ies qrHW dIAW hrkqW dyKky mYnMU pMjwbI dy auGy gwiek siqMdr srqwj dIAW auh sqrW Xwd AwauNdIAw hn ijs ny swfy mhwn shIdw nMU Xwd kridAW ieh sqrW ilKIAW hn[ ijMnHw bcweIAW iezqW, auh sB kuJ swQoo vwr gey muAwP jmIr ny krnW nhI, jy ieh vI idlo ivswr ley[ mwVI hrkq krn vwly Brwvo auhnW sUrbIrw dw mwxm`qw ieiqhws jrUr Xwd r`iKAw kro,ijnHw ny dUijAW dIAw ie`jqW dIy rwKI krdy hoey Awpxy pwRx iqAwg id`qy[ loB lwlc dI A`Kw qo p`tI auqwr ky Awpxy muFly Prj pCwxo, corI dw qyl pwaux vyly Awpxy gut iv`c pwey kVy nMU iDAwn nwl jrUr vyKo Aqy grUAW v`lo imly aupdyS nMU Xwd r`Kky Awpxw Prj pCwxo,ies iv`c hI sB dw Blw hY[ byS`k mwVy kMm krn vwilAW dI igxqI bhuq G`t hY, keI vwr iek gMdI mClI swrw qlwb gMdw kr idMdI hY, ijQy swrw is`K jgq pRDwn mMqrI s. mnmohx isMG dy isr qy dsqwr vyKky mwx mihsUs krdw hY, auQy ieho ijhI mwVI hrkq nwl pUry is`K jgq dy ihrdy vlUDry jwdy hn pRmwqmw AwpW swirAW nMU sm`q bKSy[ 55

We have moved to our new building in Delta



Desi Trucking Magazine - Around Town

Mercedes-Benz Langley’s VIP Launch Party: Desi Trucking Magazine was invited to Mercedes-Benz Langley’s VIP Launch Party on November 14, 2013. Ajay Dilawri, President of the Dilawri Automotive Group of Companies, proudly announced that they spent, “considerable time designing and building a dealership worthy of the Mercedes-Benz name.” Joining Ajay Dilawri were his brothers Tony and Kap, Tim Reuss, President and

CEO of Mercedes-Benz Canada, and Ted Schaffer, Mayor of the City of Langley. The private gala was emceed by automotive expert, Zack Spencer and entertainment was provided by Juno-nominated jazz artist, Matt Dusk. Mercedes-Benz Langley becomes the largest independently owned Mercedes dealership in Western Canada. For your next Mercedes-Benz, contact Mercedes-Benz Langley on the Langley Bypass.

Sikh Motorcycle Club’s Annual Party: On December 23, Desi Trucking Magazine was invited to the Sikh Motorcycle Club’s Annual Party at Grand Taj Banquet Hall in Surrey. The fun-filled evening included activities for children, entertainment, and recognition of new and existing members.

Barnes Harley Davidson 2014 Model Launch Party: On November 1, 2013, Desi Trucking Magazine was invited to Barnes Harley Davidson’s 2014 Model Launch Party. The Langley dealership had their complete staff on hand to make sure the evening was fun, informative, and customer-oriented. Complimentary wine and snacks were enjoyed by all guests. For information on new models and products, contact Barnes Harley Davidson in Langley, BC. JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2014


Adjusting the Load I

get truckers calling in all the time to tell dispatch that they are loaded over weight. I ask over axel or over gross often they don’t know or why I would even ask. Here is a quick lesson in balancing the load on your unit. In Canada you are allowed 5500 kg on a single set of axels and 17000 kg on a tandem set of axels. That means for a standard tandem tractor and tandem trailer you can haul a maximum of 39500 kg. If you check your registration, 39500 kg is listed as your licensed vehicle weight. That is the most your tractor can haul with out a special permit. tr`kW vwly Aksr mYnUM Pæon krky kihMdy For this article we are talking about 5 axel vehicles only but the same principles apply hn ik ifspYcr nUM d`s idE ik auh Evr to other configurations. loff hn[ jdoN mYN puCdw hW ik kI pUry tr`k When you scale your load, it is important to write down the weight of each axel and trylr dw Bwr ijAwdw hY jW AYkslW qy Bwr then add them up. If they total more than 39500 kg then you are over gross. No amount ijAwdw hY Aksr auhnW nUM pqw nhIN huMdw[ of axel sliding can make the load legal. However, I have found that if you are a few mYN A`j quhwnUM tr`k trylr dw Bwr bYilMs hundred pounds overweight, often the scales will let you pass if you have distributed the krn bwry dsdw hW[ weight evenly across your axels. However, the only real solution is to reduce the weight knyfw iv`c quhwnUM isMgl sY~t AwPæ AYkof the unit. You either have to burn off fuel or to work with your dispatcher and return sl au~qy 5500 iklogRwm Aqy tYNfm sY~t AwPæ to the shipper to have the excess weight removed. AYksl a~uqy 17000 iklogRwm dI AwigAw Here is how to calculate your fuel weight. I good rule of thumb is that diesel weighs hY[ iesdw mqlb ik ie`k Awm about 8 lbs per gallon. A full 300 Gallon tank would weigh about 2400 lbs or tYNfm trYktr Aqy tYNfm tRylr 1100 kg. If you are a typical owner operator your truck burns about 1 gallon nwl qusIN v`D qoN v`D 39500 ikof diesel every 5 miles. Therefore, you burn 20 gallons (80 l) of fuel for every logRwm Bwr c`k skdy ho[ ies 100 miles (160 KM) of travel. qoN ijAwdw Bwr Fox leI spYsæl This means that you have to be careful when you scale the load to be aware prmt dI loV pYNdI hY[ A`j AsIN of how much fuel you have on board. It is possible to fuel up just before a 5 AYksl vhIkl dI g`l krWgy scale and put yourself over weight. On the other hand, if you are overweight pr ieh inXm bwkIAW qy vI lwgU and the scale is 300 miles away you can estimate how much your fuel weight huMdw hY[ will be reduced by the time you get to the scale. To see how much fuel weight jdoN qusI Awpxy vhIkl dw you loose before you get to the scale in this example calculate your fuel use, - Ken Davey loF skyl qy cY~k krdy ho qW swry 300 miles / 5 mpg = 60 gallons. Then times the estimated fuel use by 8 lbs per AYkslW dw Bwr ilKæ lvo Aqy gallon = 480 lbs. Control, as much as you can, your fuel purchase before or bwAd iv`c ies nUM joV ky dyKo, jy ieh 39500 after your loading, depending on what you know about the load and trip. iklogRwm qoN v`D hY qW qusI Evr vyt ho, hux So assuming that your load is under your gross weight, you have 2 possible opqusIN AYksl mUv krky vI ies nUM lIgl nhIN portunities to legalise the weight of the load. Sliding your 5th wheel and or sliding the kr skdy[ ku~J ku sYNkVy pONf v`D Bwr nUM trailer axels. Sliding the 5th wheel will move weight between the steer axel and the skyl vwly mwPæ vI kr idMdy hn pr iesdw drive axel. Sliding the trailer bogies will move weight between the tractor drives and shI h`l ieh hY ik jW qW QoVw fIjæl bwlæ the trailer bogies. lvo jW iPr ifspYcr nMU kih ky QoVw Bwr G`t Here is an example: let’s say you scaled 5000 kg on the steer, 20000 kg on the krvwE[ drives and 10000 kg on the trailer and you have 150 gallons of fuel in a 300 gallon tank. ie~k gylæx fIjæl dw Bwr qkrIbn 8 You need to move 3000 KG away from the drives. You have 500 KG that you could pONf huMdw hY Aqy 300 gylæx nwl Bry tYNk dw place on the steering axel and 7000 KG you could put on the trailer axel. However, if Bwr qkrIbn 2400 pONf jW 1100 iklogRwm ho you add fuel that weight will go mostly on to the drives as well. jWdw hY[ quhwfæw tr`k AYvryjæ ie`k gylx nwl So you first move would be to slide the trailer axel forward toward the drives so 5 mIl cldw hY, ies ihswb nwl qusIN 100 more of the weight will fall on the trailer axel. In this example, that alone will probably mIl iv`c 20 gylx fIjæl bwlædy ho[ ies qoN solve your problem. Some experience with the kind of equipment you operate will tell qusIN ihswb lgw skdy ho ik quhwfæy kolæ fIjæl you how far the move the trailer bogies. I have found that sliders with many small holes dw ikMnw Bwr hY[ move about 100 pounds per hole and sliders with large holes move about 300 pounds mMn lvo ik quhwfæw loF knUMnI qOr qy gROs per hole. If your cargo load was closer to maximum capacity, or you have to add fuel, vyt qoN G`t hY, hux quhwfy kol AYkslW qy Bwr then you may have to shift some weight onto the steering axel by sliding the 5th wheel nUM AYfjst krn dy do qrIky hn, 5th vIl nUM forward. slweIf kro jW tRylr bogIjæ nMU[ This is a simple example on how to balance weight. Remember there are other con5th vIl nMU slweIf krn nwl Bwr siderations, like axel spacing and vehicle handling considerations that determine how styAirMg AYksl Aqy frweIv AYksl far axels can be moved but at least here we have shown how to manipulate the load iv`ckwr mUv huMdw hY Aqy bOgIjæ slweIf weight across your vehicle axels. krn nwl Bwr trYktr frweIv Aqy bOgIjæ You can read more articles at Just click on the red iv`ckwr mUv huMdw hY[ link for ‘Kens Blog’ 58

lof nUM ikvyN AYfjst krIey


“ieMzIaf ivwc quhfzy Brosy df brFz hux knyzf ivwc vI AuplwBD!”





Desi Trucking - Western Jan Feb 2014