Missouri S&T Magazine, Summer 1938

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SPAN Rep1'odlfction R '/:ghts Reserved

New Bridges For Old Soil Conservation - - -A Challenge and an Opportunity Home Coming Proposed Joint A. I. M. E. Meeting With D. C. Jackling Presiding at Rolla

$umm£n 1938












D es i gn in g,

Sup erint end ence . Con struction

Co nstruction

JA MES P. GILL Chief M etallu rg ist


EI'cry th ing for n con i mi n c. Jn clu{lI ng St.r ll ct ur es. ~ I cch ani c nl :lIld Elcctr icni ln s tallation , Shaft.

Sl nl,!ng,

D e"e lopllIe nt


Op erat ion

N ew Y or k

A sh -HowardNeedles & Tammen Con s ultin g

S. 0 :

E n g ill CO L' S

BRID GES :lncl STRUC'l'U R I!JS New Yo r k, N, y,. 55 Li l e r ty S t. Ka nsa s Ci t y, Mo ., 1012 B:l llim o re Ave,

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Consulting Engineer

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ALBANY , N. Y . Phon e 3·2011

Texaco Products

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Rolla, Mo.






Bruce Williams Laboratories NEAL HAM

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630 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y.


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1\ In tc rinl Hand lin g an d Powe r r.rra ns· m iss ion Eq u ipm ent. Ga tes V-Belts, B:) ldw in -Duckwo r t l1 roHe l' ch a ins aud s p roc kets





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Of Sut se~







SUMMER, 1938

Volume 12


Ray F. Rucker, '06. ....... Pres,i dent H, F. Valentine, '23 . Vice-President Chas. Y. Clayton , '13 . .... T reasurer K. K. Kershner , '20.......... S ecretary

New Bridges for Old ....................................................................... .


Soil ConservationA Challenge and an Opportunity.................... .


Alumni News Notes --- ------ ---------- ----- ----- --- -- -----


Metallurgists Senior Trip ..................................................... . ..... .





CLAYTO N ................. ................. .............. E ditoT

and Mana g e 1'



NEW BRIDGES FOR OLD ENOCH R. NEEDLES, '14 T he civ il e ng in ee r IS a bui lde r. H is wo r k is usu a ll y assoc ia te d w it h n ew coun t ry, pi o nee rin g, a nd new e n tert e rpn ses. I n th e ea rl y d ays o f o ur co untry, t he c iv il e ng in ee r pla ye d a m os t imp o rt a nt pa rt in t he bu il d ing of t he ca na ls wh ic h co n t ri bute d so mu ch t o o ur ea rl y d eve lo pm en t. In la te r yea rs ca m e t he exte ns ive bui ld in g of t he ra il ways wh ich kn it our s t a tes w it h threa d s of s t ee l, fr o m coas t t o coas t a nd fro m t he G u lf t o Ca nad a. Th e ra ilway locatin g e ng inee r of t hose d ays was a t rue pi o nee r, of te n o f ra re judg m en t a nd VISio n, a nd w ith a f la m ing sp iri t w h ic h in ves te d c ivil e ng in ee rin g w it h m uch of t he ro m a nce w hi ch w ill a lways be found t he re. Co m in g d ow n to mo re rece n t d ays, it is unn ecessa ry to d we ll u po n t he pa rt o f t he c iv il e ng inee r in th e bu il din g o f o ur hi g hways, ou r wa te r supp li es, o ur co mmun icatio n fac ili t ies, o u r m ag ni fice nt s t ruc tu res of a ll t y pes. Th e elect r ica l, c he m ica l a nd m ec ha n ica l e ng inee rs a re usu a ll y assoc iate d w it h in d ust ry, w it h p ro du c t ion, w it h o pe ra t io n a nd m a in te na nce. T he m ining a nd m e t a ll u rg ica e ng in ee rs w res t o ur mo re va lu a ble a nd usefu l m a ter ia ls fr o m t he ea rt h, a nd refine a nd s ha pe t he m fo r t he purp oses o f m 3n. But t he ci v il e ng inee r is a bu ild er, a nd he fee ls qu ic kl y a ny slac ke n in g in th e de m <l n d fo r new co ns t ruct io n. Th e h isto ry of b ri dge bui ld ing h as been link e d ve ry c lose ly w ith th e bu il di ng o f ra ilways <l nd h ig h ways. T he ra pid ex te nsio n o f ra il ways iI num ber o f yea rs ago ca ll e d fo r t h e bridg ing o f m a ny of o ur imp o rta nt w<lte rways w it h imp o r t a n t st ru ct ures, m a ny of w h ich were o f g l'eat sig nif ic<l nce. T he d eve lo pm e n t of m od e rn m oto r h ig hways, a nd m o re p<l r t icul ;l1' ly o u r express tra ff ic a rte ries in co nges ted a nd po pu lo us a re<lS, h <ls bro ug ht <l bou t t he b u il d in g of so me of t he g reatest a nd m ost m o num e n ta l b ridges th e world h <ls kn ow n. Now t ha t th e bu il d ing o f new ra ilway lin es is v irtua ll y <I t a n e nd , <l nd now t h <l t m il ny exte ns ive h ig hwilY sys te m s ap pea r to be a pproac hin g co m plet io n, what of t he futu re fo r b rid ge bu ildin g? a u l' co u n try gi ves indi ca t io ns of com in g In to m a tu l'l ty. O ur fro n t iers a re . not "vit h us i1S t hey we re. T he hc ili t ies w h ic h we re quite i1de qu i1 te not so m il ny yea r ago a re now provin g g ross ly inadeq u ate. 1a ny of t he b ri dge s of so m e yea rs ago a re now p rov ing too wea k fo r m o de rn h ig hway loa d s, t he roadwilYs <I re too Il il r-





row, o r th e rO<l d way m a t e ri al s have beco me ou t-m o d ed ; t he d eve lo pm en t of shippin g h as m a d e g rea t er nav igat io n c lea ra nces m a nd a to ry, eit he r to pe rm it t he pass a ge of la rge r shi ps, o r to re du ce th e inte rruptio ns t o hi ghway t ra ff ic beca use of dr aw s pa n o pe nings; th e dem a n d fo r firep roof, perm <1 ne nt b rid ges has beco m e ve ry st ro ng; a nd m o re t h a n eve r th e publ ic h ilS beg un to ex pect fi ne <l pp e<l ring br id ges, eve n t ho ug h th e cos t be increase d. Pl a in ly, o u r o ld b ri dges a re s uffering from o bso lesce nce as we ll as fro m t he wea t he r. Th e ch a nge fro m ho rse dr aw n to m oto r ve h icles a nd t he <l ba nd o nm e n t of s t ree t c<l rs <I re sig n ifica n t in thi s o bso lesce nce. Thu s t he b rid ge e ng in ee r to d ay find s mu ch to interes t hi m not o nly in t he s t ruc ture w h ich is to re pl<lce <I fe rry, bu t a lso in t he m o de rn s tru ctu re whi ch is to rep lace t he br idge w hi c h n o lo nge r ca n mee t t he d e m a nd s place d up o n it. T he fo rego ing t houghts h ave bee n

pro mpte d by iI rev iew of th e cu rre nt a nd rece n t e ngage m en ts of t he w rite r's firm. Th e res ul ts of thi s rev iew we re qu ite e nli g h te n in g. It was fo und t ha t s ix of t hese e ngage m e n t s pertain e d t o n ew s tructures w he re none h<ld ex is t ed befo re; b ut th e re we re te n d iffe re n t stru c tures wh ich h a d se rve d m a ny yea rs a nd had begun t o p rove in <l dequ ate to mee t m od e rn co nd it io ns, so t ha t new rep lacem ent bridges ha d beco m e necessa ry ; a nd 111 t wo o th e r 1I1 sta nces ex pe nsive re mo de li ng o pera t io ns we re req uired. Ea ch o f th ese s tru ct ures te ll s a n int e res t in g sto ry, of whi ch t he fo ll owin g ill us t ra ti o ns a re indi ca t ive. T he Fe rry S t ree t Bridge ove r t he Q ui nnipi ac R ive r in New H ave n, C o nn ., was co mp le t ed in 1875 from t he des ig ns of Cl e me ns H e rschel, w ho la t e r beca m e o ne of th e m os t emi nent h y d ra uli c e ng inee r in t he ,,,,o rld. A s <I yo un g e nginee r, M r. H ersc hel fo ll owe d brid ge des ig n ing fo r a numbe r of yea rs, a nd th en lef t t hi s fi eld to e n te r hy dr a uli cs beca use he t hought t hat b rid ge d es ig n was beco m ing too hi g hl y s t a nd a rd ize d. T hi s o ld br idge co n t a in ed a sw ing sp a n, t he des ign of wh ich requ ired ex t ensive invest iga t io n wh ich was u se d as th e bas is fo r a boo k by M r. H e rsc hel e ntitl e d "Conti nu o us R evo lv ing Draw B ridges." Afte r m o re t ha n six t y yea rs of se rvice, c<l rry in g troll ey ca rs as well as hi g h way tra ffi c, t hi s brid ge beca m e g rea tl y ove rl oa d ed, pa rt ic ula rl y w it h rega rd to th e vo lum e o f t ra ffi c m oving. D es ig ns a re ju st now be ing co mp le te d fo r <I new br idge wh ich w ill be a pprox im ate ly ¡B I feet betwee n a butm e nt faces, a nd costing a pprox im ate ly $900,000. T he roa d way w ill prov ide fo r four la nes of t ra ffi c, t wo in eac h. direct io n, sepa ra t ed by <I ce nte r island. T he b rid ge will co nt a in t hree spa ns, th e ce nte r o f w h ic h w ill be a doub le lea f basc ue, p rov id ing a c ha nn e l for


Bllilt by Stat e of New Jersey to R elieve T raffic Congestion a.nd D elays on Old Lin coln H ighway B etween Newa¡,.le ancl Jersey City, N . J.



SUMMER, 1938

nav igation 100 feet in width. The two fl a nkin g spa ns will be steel ri gid fr ames for whi ch th e City of New Haven is preparing designs. About fif teen yea rs ago, a co mp a rat ively ligh t two la ne hi ghway bridge w as co nst ru cted ac ross th e m outh of Sha rk River in Mo nm outh County, N . J. This brid ge was loca ted v irtu :l ll Y a t the rea r of th e ocea n beach where expos ure to sa lt air with res ulting co rrosion was ve ry grea t. T hi s bridge W:lS abou t 248 feet in length between faces of a butments, with a single leaf bascu le spa n at one end of t he bridge. A numb er of important things happe ned during the comparati ve ly short life of th is structure. The river bed scoured out, permitting seve ra l of th e sm all piers to be undercut, ex posing the timb er found a tion piles to sa lt wate r a nd the accompa ning teredo. Naviga tion on the river increased ve ry grea tl y a nd this, together with a shift in the n avigable cha nnel , caused the U. S. W ar Department to orde r th e constructi on of a new doub le leaf bascul e spa n, located in th e center of the wate rway, a nd prov iding a 90-foo t nav igable cha nnel, with an 18-foo t und er-cl ea ra nce for nav iga ti on w ith the bascu le :s pan closed. In add ition, the roa dway w idth had beco me too na rrow to accommodate th e ve ry heavy highwa y t ra ffic a long the coas t on wee k-ends and holi days; and also the steel work of t he old bridge was loca ted so close to th e wate r that it was subj ect to sa lt spray with excessive co rrosion. The new bridge ha s been comp leted at a cos t of a pprox im ate ly $35 0,000, this bridge p roviding for four lanes of traffic, the structure being m odern a nd sub sta nti a l in all resp ects. The Intercity Viad uct betwee n K ansas City and K ansas City, K ansas is sligh tl y ove r 8,000 fee t in length a nd was com pleted in 1906 to se rve as a hi gh level co nn ection bet wee n th e hi gh bluffs in the two cities a nd across the K a nsas Ri ve r and the ri ve r bottoms. Th is structure cost a pproxim:-ttely $4,000,000 and was a nota ble accomplis hm ent in its d ay, prov iding for horse dra,v n ve hi cles as we ll as heavy interurb a n street ca rs. The car tracks and the roa dway were se parated. Thi s stru cture was built as a priva te to ll project. Horse d raw n tra ffic to use t he st ru ctu re proved di sappo inting, a nd motor t raffic was t hen of minor co nseq uence. A few yea rs la ter th e la rge interurba n ra il way cars we re pl a nn ed to use th is structure so ex tensive ly went into the discard . The co rpora tion owni ng th e v iaduct we nt in to bankruptcy a nd it was t aken over by the two cities; first on a renta l ba sis and late r through purch ase at a

modes t price. About twe lve or fift ee n yea rs after th e viaduct was constru c ted, moto r tr affic bega n to deve lop in sub sta nti al a mount. By 1925 thi s traffic had beco me very heavy a nd by 1935 the old stru cture was inadequate. It was then decided that th e deck of this structure should be reb uil t; the stree t car portion to be m ade ava il able for ad diti onal roadway width. As a res ult, $1,250,000 has been expend ed in th e co nst ru cti on of a new deck for th e Intercity Viaduct throughou t its entire length, the new co ncrete roa dway being 52 fe et in width , with new gu a rd ra ils a nd lighting syste m throughout. The sub st ru cture a nd steel work supp orting th e roa dway dec k required but a m ode ra te amount of at tenti on to permit this v iaduct to be co nve rted into the equiv alent of a m ode rn ex press hi ghway structure. About fiftee n yea rs ago an untrea ted timb er pi le tres tl e a bout 1,200 fee t in length was co nst ru cted ac ross B a rnegat Bay at Ma n to loking, New J ersey, providing for two lanes of traffic a nd contain ing a ligh t steel swing spa n. About fiv e yea rs ago thi s stru cture had gotten in ve ry bad cond it ion, due to th e heavy traffic as well as th e deteri orat ion of the untrea ted timb er. Pl a ns we re prepared for a new bridge bu t before construction could begin th e County beca me unabl e to fin a nce the cost of a new bridge. Consequently, it was decided to spend $2 0,000 in repairing th e old st ructure, thu s ext end ing its life for a sub sta nti al period of tim e. Howeve r, dete ri ora tion continued so ra pidl y t hat it has now become impera tive to build a new and more permanent bridge. The roa dway wid th is being increased from two to three lanes a nd th e old swing span is being repl ace d by a modern single lea f basc ul e spa n whi ch will provide a 17foot und erclearance for navigation wit h a 51-foot clear cha nn el width. T he cost of th e new bridge is to be a pprox i ma te ly $350,000. Ac ross th e Savanna h Ri ve r, nea r Sava nn ah, Geo rgia, the Seaboa rd Air Line R ail way Compa ny has m a int ained a single t rac k rai lway b ri dge for a g rea t man y yea rs. Abo ut th irtyeight ye:-trs ago, nav igati on was tak;:-rt ca re of by mea ns of a girder swing spa n providing two 60-foot openings for navigat ion. \Vith in less tha n ten yea rs t he dema nds of nav iga ti o n for a wider chann el res ulted in the cr.nstruct ion of a ro lli ng li ft basc ul c spa n whi ch pro vided a nav igab le cha nn el 11 6 feet in wid th. :W hen thi s new basc ul e span was in st alled, th e ex isting girder swing spa n was co nve rted in to a fi xed span, th e old pivot pier a nd th e two-span gi rders remain ing in service, with the new ba sc ul e span io-

cated ju st a dj ace nt to th e old slVl ng spa n. Now, a ft er th e ba sc ul e span has bee n in se rv ice for a pprox im ate ly thirty yea rs, th e dema nds of nav igat ion have increased to the poin t that an eve n wider cha nne l mu st be prov ided. Conseq uentl y, a new vertica l li ft spa n has bee n designed, a nd is rea dy for co nst ruction, which will provide a 200-foot clear channel for navigation, with 135 fee t ve rti ca l underclea ra nce with th e spa n in the raised pOSiti on. This new li ft spa n, together with its towers a nd mach in ery wi ll be erected whil e rai lway t raffic is being mainta ined on th e bridge and whil e ri ve r nav iga ti on is being cared for by th e ex isting bascule span. The new lift spa n will be ju st ad jace nt to the existing bascu le span , the ba sc ul e span to be co nve rted into a fi xe d spa n up on the comp letion of th e new lif t span. T hu s th e interesting hi story of thi s bridge will be reco rd ed in its physical ou tlin es up on the comp letion of the new lif t span, in th at the old girder swi ng span , th e late r ba scu le spa n, and t he new li ft span wi ll a ll be in the fini shed bridge, th e two ea rli er m ovab le spa ns becoming fixed in position. There is no reco rd of any ot her bridge in th e country which ca n show this ex peri ence and res ultin g layout. The co nstru ction difficultie s relat ive to installing t he new piers, towe rs a nd lift span, a nd the remod eling of the bascu le t ru ss spa n in to a fixed span, a ll opera tions being und er traffi c both on t he ri ver and on th e ra il way, combine to m ake an unu sua l and co mplicated buildin g p rogra m. Over the Chemung River a t Corning, New York, is a bridge 578 feet in length between faces of abutments. Previou s to about fi fty yea rs ago, an old timb er bridge h ad ex isted a t this loca ti on for m any yea rs. In 188 7, three new spa ns we re cons tru cted of wrought iro n, providing a two la ne road way, the sup erstructure being supported on sto ne masonry pi ers w hi ch in turn we re supp orted up on timber cribs re sting up on timb er piers. Each of th ese spa ns was abo u t 145 feet in length . About te n yea rs later, a nother spa n was added, m ak ing four in a ll , in orde r to p rov ide grea ter Roo dway, the new span being co nstructed of stee l, whi ch m ate ri al ha d then become more com monly in use. The timber Aoo r was revised to provide for street ca r trac ks. As thu s cons tru cted, this bridge served unti l last yea r when a new structure became imperative. Severa l yea rs ago, t he added steel sp an, refer red to above, beca me so badly a ffec ted by corrosion, etc., th at timber bents we re prov ided under each panel poin t to ass ist in suppor tin g this span and its loads.

5 The new bridge fo r thi s loca ti o n h as ju st bee n compl eted. Thi s is a threes pa n continu ou s steel tru ss stru cture, prov idin g fo r fo ur la nes of tr affi c w itho u t stree t ca r track s. A co ncrete road way h:J S bee n prov id ed a nd in a ll oth e r res pects th e des ig n a nd constru cti o n a re of bes t m odern t y pe. The old L incoln Hi gh way bet ween ew Y o rk a nd Phil adelphi a, a nd m o re spec ifi ca ll y bet wee n ewa rk and J ersey Ci ty, T J., crosses th e P assa ic Ri ve r. Th is pa rti cul a r hi crhway bet wee n Newa rk a nd J ersey City h as bee n in se rvice fo r a grea t m a ny yea rs. Th e prese nt brid ge ove r th e P assa ic Ri ve r was co nstru cted a bout thirty yea rs ago a nd co ntains a s tea m o pera ted swin g sp a n whi ch pro vid es two 100 foo t ch a nn els fo r n avi ga ti o n. Th e roa d w3Y width is 38 fee t. co nta inin g t wo stree t ca r t racks. Th is stru cture, af te r thirty yea rs se rv ice, is in fa irl y goo d ph ys ica l co nditi o n. Ab o ut ten yea rs ago, m oto r tra ffi c o n thi s po rti o n of th e Lincoln Hi g hway beca m e so ex trem ely heavy th a t ve ry lo ng a n d t ry in g delays in th e m ove m ent of traffi c into New Y o rk beca me co mm o n. U nd er certa in ex t rem e but ra th er frequ ent co nditi o ns, it is not impro per to state th a t th e tra ffic wa s so co nges ted th a t as m a ny as fi ve or six ho urs we re required to t rave l a pprox im a tely fi ftee n o r t we nty mil es. T o a ll ev ia te th e co nditio ns ex isting on th e old L in coln Hi g hway, th e Pul as ki kyw ay was pl a nn ed a nd co nstructed a t a cos t of a bout 22 .000,000. The kywa y was completed a bout five yea rs ago. Th is is a high level structure, 3 ~ m il es in le ng t h, with a 50 foot roadway, 3nd sp ans bo th t he P assa ic a nd H ac kensac k Ri ve rs. It wa s co nstru c te d prim a ri ly to t a ke thro ugh tra ffic off of th e old Li ncoln Hi gh way. Sho rtl y a ft er th e co nstru c ti o n of th e S ky way, it beca m e necessa ry to pro hibit its use by m o to r tru c ks as a sa fety m easure. Th e prese nt m ove m ent of passe nge r ve hi cles a nd bu ses ove r th e Pul ils ki Skyway is tremend ous. Afte r th e Pu las ki Skyway was co mpl eted , th e old L inco ln Hi ghway alo ngsid e ca rri ed a ve ry m odes t am o unt of traffic. L ate r w hen m oto r trucks we re ba rred fr om t he kyway t he Li ncol n 1-1 ig hway traffic was increased substantial ly . but in t he la t two o r t h re e years, due to th e g rowt h of truck tr affic in ge nera l. t he norma l loca l t r:Jffic ove r t he hi g hway, and the ope nin g of so me ve ry large ind ust ries j usl ~dj:Jcent to t he old P assa ic River swin g span , th e co nges ti o n o n t he o ld Lin col n Hi g hway at t he P assa ic R ive r agai n became into lerab le. T hese condi tion s we re m ad particul a rly bad beca u e of th e freque n t open in g of t he Pa saic R iver swing span for navigat ion. The swin g span pro\' ided an

T he MISSOURI M I NES ALUM US und erclea ra nce of sli g htl y ove r 10 feet a bove hi g h wa ter so th a t even th e sm all es t boa ts required th e s pa n to o pen, thu bl oc kin g highway traffi c a t fr equ ent interva ls. Th e re build ing of th e P assa ic Ri ve r swin g s pa n has beco m e impera ti ve and th e des ig n of th e new structure is now und e r way. A new v ertic a l li ft s pa n w ill be prov id ed which will be a pproxim a tely 338 fee t in leng th , thu s affo rdin g a 300 foot cha nn el fo r nav iga ti o n. Th e und erclea ra nce w ill be a minimum of +0 fee t a bove hi gh water, so th a t a lmos t 90% of th e ri ve r tra ffi c wi ll be p asse d benea th th e s pa n in its down pos iti o n. vVh en ra ised, th e li ft s pa n will prov id e a n unde rcl ea ra nce of 135 fee t. Th e new structure w ill provide fo ur traffi c la nes, t wo in eac h direction, with a center isla nd bet wee n . Th e lift s pa n Aoo r w ill be co nstru c ted of o pen steel g ra ting, to a ffo rd li ght weig h t bu t perm a nence. The to we rs a t th e end s of th e lift s pa n w ill be self-supp o rtin cr o n th eir pi ers, a nd at th e to p of each towe r w ill be in st all ed th e operatin g ma chin ery and elec tric a l equ ipm ent requ ired fo r th e move ment of th e li ft s pa n. The li ft in g of thi s span a t th e two end s will be electrica ll y synchroni ze d, t he operator's hou se being located in th e lowe r portion of one of th e towers. P a rticular atten tion ha s bee n gi ven to th e a rchi tecrura l fea tures of th is entire structure so th a t th e State of New Jersey m ay obtain a fin e app earing bridge as well as one of uti li ty. Und o ubted ly th ere a re a ve ry large numb er of old brid ges t hroughout t he count ry w hi ch wi ll requi re repl acem e nt in comi ng ye ars, and thu s th e b ri dge bui lder w ill find a n increased po rt io n of h is future ac ti v i ty in th is fi eld of re pl ace m ent bridges. One m ay we ll wo nd er a bout th e future life of th e m odern hi g hway bridge as co mm o nl y des ig ned a nd co nstru cted to day fo r th e mo re impo rt a nt crossin gs. Th e m os t :J ppro pria te s t a temen t to be m a de is th a t t he life of th ese s tru ctu res sho uld p rove ind efinite fr o m th e s ta ndp oint of se r vice and perm a nence, if p rop e r m :J intena nce m ay be t a ken fo r g ra nted. R o bert F . Hi ppl er '32, w ho return ed fr om Colo m bia t he fi rst wee k In a rch, was m a rri ed to lVli ss Me rl e Eato n of Sa n J o e, Ca lif. , o n Ma rch 13 . Af te r a sho rt vaca ti o n in th e States, 1\Jrs. Hip pler will acco m pa ny him to olombi a where he will resum e hi s wo rk w ith olo mbi a n Pl acers. O. D . N iederm eye r '28, fo rm erl y wit h C ia. l\lin era de Oru ro, is m an aber of t he ia . de 1\ Iin a de Colq uiri , one of a g roup of min es ow ned a nd operated by 1. H oc hsc hil d, S . .1\1.1.

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION O F PETR OLE UM GE OLOGISTS On Frid ay, M a rch 18 th, th ere was a n M. S. if. lun cheo n a t K olb's Rest aurant,


Orl ea n ,

Lo ui siana .

Th ose in a ttend a nce we re : H. N . Spoffo rd , ex'06, Shreve po rt, L a.; F. P. Sh ayes ' 17, Uni o n Producin g Co., Beev ill e, T exas; J oe M . Wil so n '21, Sa lt D o me Oil C o rp .. H o u to n. T exas;


. V aleriu s '25 , Barnsd all Oil C o.,

" hreve po rt, La.; Jack . C o nl e '3 1, Am era da P etroleum Co rp ., Co rpu s Chri ti e, T exas ; G eo rge Pryo r. ex' 19, D e partm ent of Co nse rvatio n, St a te of Loui sian a, Shreve po rt. La. ; Ka rl K. H asse lm a n '25 , Sa lt D o m e Oi l Co rp. , H o uston , T exas; K. A. Sc hmidt '23 , Tidewa ter Oi l C o mp a ny. Shreve po rt, L a.; a nd E . D. L y n to n ' 12, S ta ndard Oil C o mp a ny of C alifo rni a, Whitti er, C a lifo rni a. eve ra l M SM m en who a ttend ed th e m ee tin g we re un a bl e to be prese nt at th e lun cheo n. The following is a li st of m en, in a dditi o n to th ose m ention ed a bove. w ho were in 1 ew O rl ea ns : J o hn J. D oyle ex' 16, Shreve po rt, La.; K enn e th A. E lli so n '25, Ok la hom a C ity, Ok la.; H. S. M cQu ee n ex'31, R oll a . M o.; Phil F . M a rty n '25, H ousto n Oi l C omp a ny, H ouston, T exas; 'vVm . J. olte '20, Stanolind Oil Co., F o rt W o rth , T exas; G. W. No bl e, R olla, M o.; H. W. Tow la n '1 3, D a rby P etroleum C o., Sa n Antoni o, T exas; Bruno Ri x leben '2 3, H old en vill e, Okla ., a nd E. 1. S mith '36, D all as, T exas. Two papers by M. S. if. g radu a tes we re prese nted a t th e m ee tin g. Phil F. M a rty n prese nted a p a per befo re th e m eri can Associa ti on of P etroleum G eo logists, entitl ed, "R efu gio Oil a nd G as Fi eld, R efu gio Co unty, T xas." E . D . L y nto n rea d a p a per befo re th e Socie ty of E x plo ra ti o n G eo ph ys icists, entitl ed, " Further D eve lo pm ent in L a bo rato ry Ori enta ti o n of W ell C o res by th e M ag ne ti c P olarity ." Bot h t hese pa pers \v ill be publi shed in th e re pec ti ve bull etin s.

DR. ]. C. JACKLING H ONORED AT DINNER M . . 1. W:JS we ll represented a t t he ci inn er give n in hono r of D r. D . C. J ack lin g at t he H otel C hase in St. Loui s o n t he eve nin g of II ay 9 th. T ho e p rese n t we re: H . \V. H ur t '2 1; 1\ I. L. lar k '29 : H. R . Sta hl ' 1 ; . D ela no '04; M . B. Burg her '06; M. E . Ril ey '37; H. Teu tae clter ' 16; Wm . if. W eige l '00; I-I. A. Bu ehler '25; H . S. P ence '23; \Y. . Sc h aeffe r '2+; H. R. H a nl ey '0 1; C has. Y. Clayton ' 13; 1\ I elvin ickel '3 ; J oe H owe rto n '3 , a nd C ha L ee layto n

'3 .



SUMMER, 1938


Challenge and an Opportunity J.

What will I do when I am gradua ted ? Will I be abl e to find a job ? These :I re questions which, I suspect, pl ague the minds of more coll ege gradu ates th a n a ny oth er. And they a re hi gh ly importa nt quest ions, especially in such times of widespread economi c distress as we a re now expen encll1g. The answers to th em of course va ry as widely as you who read thi s va ry in you r perso naliti es and ab iliti es, The onl y a nswer I could give wou ld be in t he form of a nother qu es ti on: " \Vhat can yo u do, and how we ll ca n yo u do it ?" But one thin g I CAN do for you. I can indicate a fi eld of end eavo r th a t is becomin g increasingly importa nt in th e li fe of our nation, a nd I can tell you some thin g about the kind of wo rk that is now being done in th at fi eld - a nd th e possibilities for future wo rk. vV hereve r a job needs doing, there mu st be ope nin gs for men capable of doing it, and th e job I'm to talk a bout in this a rticl e is certain ly an importa nt one. It has to do with the physical bas is for our civilization-the soil itself.

T he li1enace of SO'il E rosion It wou ld be h ard to es tima te the importa nce of the soil to mankind. Our ve ry li ves, and all of our instituti ons, a re roo ted in it; it's as necessa ry as air a nd wa ter. But unlike all' and wate r, soil-good soi l for growll1g crops-is a rigidly limited commodi ty, and the supply CAN be ex haus ted by m a n. vVe in Americ a fail ed to rea li ze this last fact until a few yea rs ago. To the pi onee rs on th e continent th e suppl y of la nd seemed unlimi ted, and th ey and their desce nd a nts have u sed la nd as th ough it had no sca rcity v alu e wha tever. The res ults of ou r exp loitation h ave not been happy. When , in 1934, th e Soil Conserva tion Service co nducted the first nati onwide sur vey to determine erosion conditions, it was found th at more th a n 51 million ac res of formerl y prod uctive la nd has now bee n destroyed, so fa r as agri cu ltura l use is co ncerned, by un co ntrolled, man-encouraged eroSIon. Fifty-one milli on acres! That's app roxim ate ly the a rea of the st a te of M innesota. In additi on, a tota l of 100 million acres here in America has lost practically all of its to psoil a nd is so reduced in fertility as to be nea rl y use-

R. MAHER, '16 pace if we a re to sur vive as a n ation for a ny g rea t lengt h of time. H ere, then , is a job th a t needs doin g. Soil con servation is a v ital necessity for ou r nation. Trained men a re needed to pla n conse rvation wo rk, to supervise technica l deta ils of it, a nd to con du ct resea rch in to the cau ses a nd cu res of soil erosion. Ag ronomi sts, foresters, soil speciali sts, fa rm m anagement men, engin ee rs - they all h ave parts to play in a bal anced soil conserva tion program.





less for agricultural purposes. And in il ddi tion eve n to thi s, more tha n 513 million ac res-a bout 52 percent of the to tal farm land in the country h as lost from one-fourth to three-fourths of its original topsoil and is rapidly nea ring tota l des truction agriculturally. Wha t m a kes th ese figures eve n more significa nt is the ¡fact that th e damage they indi cate ha s, practically all of it, been done in the last 150 years. For th e most part, it ha s been done within the las t 75 yea rs. Obviously we can't permIt erosIon to continue at such a

T he Soil Conse rv ation S ervice You who read thi s are engineers, and I know you a re chiefl y interested in th e enginee rin g ph ases of conservati on wo rk, but in my a rti cle today I ' d li ke to give a broad picture of th e soil-saving program now being wo rk ed out by the Soil Conserva ti on Service and th e age nci es cooperating with it. You' ll th en be better ab le to ju dge fo r yourselves the oppo rtun iti es op en t o enginee rs in the fi eld. Th e program of th e Service is, first of all , a D EMONSTRATIONAL program. Under th e present set-up, the Se rvice is NOT a ttem pting to sup ervi se the es tab lishment of erosion control prac tices on all of the farm la nd in th e country. It is co ncerned solely with th e development of practical erosion control methods a nd th e edu ca ti on of fa rm ers and o th ers as to th e ap plica ti on of the methods. In acco mpli shin g these ends, the work of the Service fall naturall y into t wo cl ass ifica ti ons: (1) resea rch or

T erraces are am ong the most widely u sed and m ost offective of erosion cont1'al devices. Broad-base 111angu.m I ef'l"aces, shown on a wheatfield near Shenandoah., I owa, iu;ep wate1' fr om msh.ing off the fi elds dMing heavy rains and reduce soil erosion.



C~aved fa 'm ung 'iJ replacing straight-row farming on millions of acres of sloping cropland as eros;,:m control practices sp'read over the n ation, T he ai'r plane vl:ew shoWJ strip r:r0pping on a fal'1n in southeastern M 'i nnesota,

experimental wo rk , designed to secure kn owledge of erosion processes a nd th e bes t m eth ods of co ntrollin g them ; a nd (2) fi eld opera ti ons in whi ch practica l ero sion control m eth ods a re actua ll y es tab li shed on fa rm s whi ch se rve as "show-windows" for th e co nse rva ti on prog ra m, At th e prese nt time, J 9 soil conservation expe rim ent sta ti ons, each se rvin g a specifi c soil-ty pe a rea, a re est a bli shed in the country; 175 erosion co ntrol demon stra ti on a reas, mos t of th em co nsisting of sm all wa tersheds conta ining approxim a tely 25,000 ac re" a re showing fa rm ers how to control erosion bv ac tu all y doin g it on represe nta ti ve -farms; a nd 36'J CCC ca mps a re wo rkin g at erosion co ntrol unde r th e sup erv ision of th e Soil Co nse r va tion Se rvice, Approx im a tely 53,2 10 farm ers a re coope ra ting in th e demonstra ti ons throughou t th e co u n try , As for th e program itself, it is w hat we term a "coo rdin ate d" erosion control progra lll, by whi ch we mea n that it attacks t he erosion problem on a ll fronts, No one met hod of erosion cont rol-whet her it be terraci ng, st ri p crop ping, co ntour farilling, or wh at h ave you- is co unted on to solve th e control prob lem in all cases, Rath er, whateve r practi ca l co nt rol met hods a re needed to do th e job a re empl oyed ,

turn , ag rees to follow th e presc rib er! th e individual condition s encountered, EroJion Control P ractices Of th e specific ero sion control practices, th e three most wid ely used are undoubtedl y contour farming, contour strip cropp in g, a nd terracing, Contour farming a ids in th e co ntrol of erosion by runnin g th e crop rows ac ross th e lin e of flow of run-off wa ter, slowi ng it dow n, increasing its absorpti on by the ground, and so reducing its capacity for picking up a nd car rying soil. The effective ness of th e cont rol meas ure is in crea sed when alternate strip s of close-growing cover crops and clea n-till ed crops a re planted eros ion co ntrol prac tices, aid in furnishin g labor and some of th e eq uipment needed in th e wo rk , a nd furni sh all necessa ry cooperation, The initial decision as to wheth er or not he becOlll es a cooperator in the program l S, of course, th e fa rm er' s a lone, If th e farm er enters into such an ag ree ment, the first step in planning erosion co ntrol for hi s fa rm in volves

Illakin g a m a p of hi s land, The m ap, mad e by Soil Conse rva ti on Service tec hnici a ns, a mounts to an in ve ntory of la nd reso urces, On it a re reco rd ed th e different soil t y pes found , th e deg ree of eros ion , th e preva lence of gulli es, th e stee pn ess of slopes, a nd th e prese nt land use, The d a ta thu s sec ured a re u sed in pl an nin g th e entire erosion control wor k for th e fa rill, Soil Conservation Se rvice technic ians cooperate with th e fa rm er in thi s pha se of th e wo rk , C ropping sys tem s are pl a nned which will prov ide th e m ax imum possible protection for stee p, erodible pa rts of the farm , kee ping such ero sion-encourag in g crops as corn on th e more ne a rl y leve l pa rts of th e farm , insofar as thi s is poss ible, Field sh apes a re rearranged so th at ope ration s, instead of being conducted up a nd down th e slopes, will be co ndu cted around the slopes on the level or con tou 1'. Some formerly cu lti va ted stee p la nd is placed in either trees or grass, and eXlstlllg woo dland s a re fenced to exclude grazing stock , D a lll s, trees, a nd grass are a ll used for th e co ntrol of gullies, the specifi c type of co ntrol depending on a round th e slopes, thus breaking up long slopes into se ri es of shorter ones, Terraces, of cou rse, opera te on the sa me principle, The terr aces generally empl oyed on cropl and by the Soil Co nse rva tion Service a re of the broadba se or so-ca ll ed Mangum t y pe, They consist of a broad-b ase ea rth ridge with a ch annel , ap prox im a tely as wide as th e rid ge base, a bove it, The channel h as a slight fall towa rd an outlet protec ted by grass and, in some ca ses, by m aso nry stru ctures, so that surplu s wa ter is drained in a slow a nd ord erl y mann er fr om th e field, In th e control of gu llies, m echanica l a nd vege t ati ve trea tm ents a re, as I have indi cated , combined , Many types of d ams are used, va ry ing from small wire an d bru sh check dam s, used

The P ro g'r am on the FaT1n T he So il Co nse rvat ion Serv ice secures la nd for its demon strat ions by en teri ng in to coo pera tiv e ag ree ill en ts wit h far mers for t hi s purpose, T he ag ree m en ts-w hi ch a re to stay in effect for a miniJ']1um ,peri od of 5 yea rs - provide that tIl e ' ~e rv i ce furn ish techn ica l a nd some material ass istan ce in p lannin g a nd car ry i'1 g ,out a prog ram des igned to solve the fa rm er' s erosio n prob lelll s, T he fa rm er, in re-

1Yf aSOn1'y and concrete notch spillway dmns prevent g'u.ll-ies from eat'i ng bac!e into vaL1/,able farm land,



S UMMER , 1938

to stabili ze smaller gulli es until newly pl anted trees or grass ca n get a 's t a rt, to large ea rth-fill, drop-inlet .dams employed in bi g gullies which t hreaten valu a ble property and drain large a reas of sloping la nd. No tch s pillways, built of m aso nry or con<:re te, a re widely used in gull y co ntrol wo rk. In all cases, vege ta ti on is counted on to do a t least half the job (If healing gulli ed a reas. Bl ac k locust trees- which are ra pid growing, do r ela ti vely well in poor soils, and have s prea din g root systems - have bee n f ound to be nea rly idea l for gull y control purposes. The constru cti on of revetm ents and wing dams to protect strea m-b anks against erosion prov ides a grea t dea l of th e winter wo rk done by CCC ca mps, and here, too, veget ation helps the stru ctures do their job. Willows p lanted along stream-b anks aid 111 holding th e soil in place. T he E ngineer in the P -rogram I think it will be obvious to you, from the foregoing, th at enginee ring work is a n integral part of th e erosion control program. In th e construction of terraces, the laying out of strip c ropped fi elds, the building of th e va riou s dams, and the operation of necessary qu a rri es, the services of trained e ngi nee rs a re needed. In R egion 5 of the Soil Conse rva tion Service-which includes the fiv e st ates of M issouri , I owa , Illinois, M innesota, a nd vVisconsin-a t leas t one engineer is employed in each of the 77 erosion cont rol CCC camps, and an average of three enginee rs is employed in each of the 19 wa tershed demonstr ati on areas. Altoge th er, 198 enginee rs a rc employed by the Service in this reglO n. On reviewing our perso nnel records for th e re gion, I find th at 97 of our enginee rs took their college deg rees in civil enginee ring, 37 too k deg rees in agri cultural enginee ring, 10 we re trained as mechani ca l enginee rs, 4 as electri cal enginee rs, 3 as mining enginee rs, a nd th e remainder as a rchit ectural enginee rs, stru ctur al engin ee rs, and so on. All enginee rs a re hired fr om Civil Serv ice roll s, and are th erefore req uired to pass Civ il Service examin a ti ons to qu alify for positions. Facing the F1bt1bre I t hink it is safe to say th at inCl'easing emph as is will be pl ace d on soil co nserva ti on as time goes on. A ca su al survey of erosion co nditi ons a t th e present t im e should co n vin c~ one th at a grea t deal more erosion control work is needed th an is now being ca rried on. H ence, as a possibl e fi eld of employment, soil co nservati on may be

co nsidered as an ex pa ndin g ra th er th an a contrac tin g fi eld. Mo reove r, it is a fi eld th at offers uni que opportuniti es for se rvin g society as a whole.


R. M AH ER, au.t hor of this article, was g-rad1ba.ted from the University of M iss01/.1·i in I 9I6. H e took h1:s degree in ciV1:t engineering. A t the present time, he is ·regio nal adm·i1vistrator of e·ros-ion control cmnps in fo!fiSSOU.1·i, I owa, I llinois, lV1innesot a, and W isconS·Ln. STUDENT TO PERU QUICKLY Osca r R aul Benav ides, son of Osca r R . Benavides, President of the R epubli c of Peru , Lim a, Peru , was able to ma ke th e journ ey to his home at th e close of school in shorter time th an some of his schoolma tes here in R oll a we re abl e to ge t to their home in th e U nited Sta tes. Osca r took the train to Mi ami, Fl orid a and left on M ay 31, on one of the gi ant clipper pl anes. H e re ached Lima on Thursday, June 2, spending both Tu esda y night and Wednesday night in hotels along the way as th e pl ane did no night fl ying. Oscar, who has ju st fini shed his sophomore yea r a t the School of Mines and M et allurgy in the Mining E nginee ring curriculum, will fl y back to Mi ami thi s fall on his return trip to Roll a to resume his studies a t M SM.


The Los Angeles Secti on of th e M. S. M . Alumni Associa ti on met on Ma rch 23rd with R egin ald S. D ea n '15, a nd J ames P. G ill ' 18 as guests of honor. These two alumni both addressed th e Na ti onal Metal Congress, whose 1938 \Ves tern Conventi on was held in Los Angeles. Alumni who a ttended th e banqu et at th e N ik abob C afe we re : S. Paul Lind au '11 , H. G. Hubb a rd '23, J. P . Gill '18, R. S. D ean ' 15, L. S. Co pelin '1 3, S. E. H ollister ' 13 , A. B. Harringto n, ex ' 17, J. J. Shipley '17, J. T . ( Cy ) Youn g, ex'17, H . E. Spicka rd, ex'1 9, W. E . D onaldso n '3 1, George H. Pra tt, ex'13, C. D . W ebb, ex'06, W . Scott Boyce (form er instructor in E conomi cs), W . C. Hogoboom ' 14, Jos. B. Duga ' 19, Ch as. B. N eil, ex'25, Arch W. Naylor, Jr. , '24, T . G. M acCarthy (form er instru ct or in C. E .), V. A. D oster '26, R. L. M assey , ex'19, and H. F . Va lentine '23 .

It was a good meeting and interesting t alks we re given both by Dea n and Gill. T he pho togr aph of the group, which appea rs a bove, was taken by P aul Lind au.



Al umni News Notes m

1876 \ NILLI f\M C. MI NG lm of 0eo rgetown , Co lo rado-Deceased 1904 \ Nord ha s r eached th canlpu,; that CYRUS E. i\HNOR, form 1'101' Gener a l Superin tende n t of the T~nnc sec Copper Co mp a ny at Copp rllill , T enn., died Mil oi' 5th, 1938. 1906 J. M. BR 0 [(S i now J\ s,: ista nt Ge ner a l Manager of M in as Dc Matah ambre, S. A . Hi s r e 3id enct: is ;Vhtahambrc, Prov o Dc I'i na r De l Ri o, ·-l!ba . 191~

ERNEST WANDER ' 10, ha s le ft My les Salt Company, \ Neeks I sla nd, L o ui sia na, and is noll' w ith th e So uthern Ac id and Su lph ur ompany, Bosie r City, L ou isia na . 19 11 H. L. TED RO \V i General upe r intendant , f\. L. Pessi n '32 is Mill Superint endant, a nd E. Rowla nd Trag ilt '23, is M in e En g in ee r with the L ndon Mines a nd Mil li ng ompany a t A lm a, Co lo rad o. 19 12 GEORGE COND N is noll' Ass is tant M inin g In specto r of 'a li fo rni a at G lendale, Ca lif. S. S. McNA I R' n ell' address is 244 Arbo leda Dr ive, a nta A nita Oaks, Arcad ia, Cal ifornia. 1913 J AMES B . LEVITT, 54, topog raph ica l eng in ee r of t he Un ited S tates Geo logica l Survey, with whic h he had bee n co n nected fo r m a ny years, died late in March in i'v10unt A lto H osp ital, \ iV ash in gto n, D. C., after a n i'llne ss of sev ra l m o nth s. A na ti ve of H ou to n, Mi so uri , Mr. Lea vitt join ed th Geo logical S urve y in 1905. 11 e had see n ac ti ve service in fie ld and office until last Octobe r whe n ill health fo rced him to retur n to VVashi ng ton from hi s last fie ld in Ind ia na. Bes ides hav in g bee n s tation ed a t var ious places throughout the State s, Mr. L eav itt' s work had taken him to A laska, Sa nto Domi ngo, Puerto R ico and Hawa ii. Du rin g th e "vVor ld \ IVa r he was a n office r in t he 1\ r l11Y En g ig nee r Corps, hav ing bee n cOl11l11 i i ned in 1917 a nd as ig ned t th e 25 th R eg il11 ent of Eng in eers. J n Fra nce h is c mpany was tran sferre d to th e 29th R eg il11 ent of Enginee r, a nd too k part in many important su r veys and eng ine erin g work overseas . Late r Mr. L eav itt was mad e topogr aphic fficer of the Cti'l Army Co r ps. Afte r hi s di scharge from the A rm y in 1919 he r ej ined the eng in ee ri ng s taff of t he sur vey. Mr. Leav itt's home here r ece ntl y had been at th e ava li er Il ote l, 3500 Fourtee nth 'tree t N .VV. 1\ctive in th e A l11er ica n L eg io n and t he Maso ni c fra ternity, he was a memb er of th e Bethes da- hevy hase JJ 0s t f the Leg io n, th e Texa Lodge of Maso ns at H o usto n, Mo.; Roya l A r ch ha pter, No . 32, R o lla M o.; t he Washin g to n Co mmand ery, [<ni g h ts T el11 pial', here, and th e A lo ha Templ e o f t he hrin e at I iono lu lu.

Mr. L eav itt is ur vive d by hi s w idow , Mrs . A lice L eav itt; a bro th r. r, E dwi n Leavitt, T ucso n, A ri z. ; t wo er ene Ph em is ter and s ister, M rs. Mrs . Dun ca n C h ri s tie of Housto n, Mo. ; a nd a nephew, Lieut. Ca rl Ch ri stie, U.S.N., now tat io ned at A nn apoli s. Fu nera l se rvice s we re held at tht: Fort Myel' chapel in Washin g ton. B uri al was in A r lin g ton Na ti o nal Cemete ry . Mr . Leav itt at tend ed M.S.M . a s a spec ia l stud ent in 1909. T ANL I"; Y, ex-' 13, is w it h E . R. the Co ns ultin g Mi nin g a nd P etr oleum E ng in ee r in g Firm of Sta nley a nd S to ltz w it h offices in th e Sec uri ty F irst .:\a ti o na l Ba nk Bu ildin g, 5th and Sp rin g, L o A ngele, Ca lifo rni a. He is o ne of the pro m inent eng in eers of Cal ifor ni a. 1914 R. '2'J. Mc ll UDE i P r et roleul11 and Va luatiolJ E ng in eer, F irst N at io nal Ba nk, Da ll as, Texa T. C. R O BSON is with t he Bo li vian Cover nm ent at Potosi, Boli via. WOOD D . B IZE GHLEY, ex-' 14, pa ssed a way at his home a t 509 \ ;Villowb r ook Ave nue, Stam fo rd , Co nn ecti cut, o n May 29, 1938 . Hi s dea th was s udden , r esu lt in g from cerebral hem o rr hage. He was 47 years o ld. ,\t th e time of h is deat h he was se r ving as Capta in a nd Com mandin g Offi ce r of the T hird H eadq ua rters Combat Tra in , 192 nd F ield Artill ery . H e is sur vived by hi s wife, the former Vi ola Gass, an d seve n ch ildren. 191 6 J O H N ]. DOYLE, ex-' 16 has I' es ig ned fro m th e L a nd Depa r tm e.nt of t he TTum b le O il and Refi nin g Company, a nd is now an indepe nd ent oil ope rator . 1 Ie lives at S hreve port, Loui s ia na. 1919 D Oi\" n. F A IRCHILD, ex-' 19, 1031 '2'J o rth 3r d Ave., Tucso n, A ri zo na, was a ca mpu s visito r o n A pr il 27th. Do n is ope rat in g a go ld prope rty in A rizona. 192 1 HA R N EY NU DELMAN, Ge neral Age nt, on nec ti cut Mut ua l L ife Insuran ce Compa ny of A lbany, New Yo rk, s pe nt the week of A pr il 12t h on th e Camp us brin g in g to the a tt enti n of th e se ni o rs th e a d va ntage s of li fe ins urance. 1912 F. ]J. K I-IL B RY , pres ident of th e. A it<t her m Manufacturi ng Company, 147-1 out h Va nd er ve nter Ave., St . Louis, lVl o., was a camp us v isitor in Apr il. T he co m pa ny wh ich "Dutch" hea ds hand les uni t h eate rs of a ll types, ve ntil at in g, dr y in g a n d blow-p ip e apparatus, and s hee t m etal p roducts. 1924 A. A . "Spoo,f" WALK E R wa s elected fi rs t vice-p res id en t of th e Mid Co nt in e nt Sect io n of th e Pe tr oleum D ivis io n of th e A .T. M.E. in Tulsa. T I-10MAS C. F RI CK, who a tte nded MSM in 1929 wa s ele cte d sec retarytreas ur er. F r ick is teac hi ng in the U ni ve rs ity of Tu lsa.

• • • by C. Y. Clayton

1928 O. D. DIED ER M E YER has res ig ned hi s pos ition os Ass i tant Manager o f Carnegie Bo te Minin g Co mpa ny at Zacatecas, Mex ico, to a cce pt a posit io n with C ia Min era D e Or uro, Casill a 154, Or uro, Boli via. "Red" v is it ed the ca mpu s on Mar ch 24t h. He w ill be accompa ni ed to Bol ivia by Mrs. N iedermeye r a nd a so n, O. D. N iederm eye r, J L, now two y ears o ld. 1929 ]. P . BURGOA is Minin g Engin eer fo r Co mpa ni a Un ifi cada del Cerro de l o tosi in Potosi, Bo li via. M . L. CLARK is with th e t. J oe Lead Com pany, Min e Lamotte D ivis io n, Far min gto n, Mo. MR a nd MRS. E . J EFFE R SON CI M of Sparrow s Point, Maryland, an nou n ce th e a rr iva l of Thoma J effe rso n C rum o n Apr il 25th . C. ]. (Jack) POTTER is now P rin cipa l Pri ce Examine r, Ass ista nt to the D irec tor, Bureau of Indu stria l Re lat i ns, Na tiona l B it umin o u Coa l Com mi ss io n, Was hin g ton, D . C. He is living a t 5509 Fairg len, C hevy C hase, Mar yla nd. 1930 KARL 'vV. KA V E L ER a nd Miss Helen f\. PET RI we r e marri ed May 7th , 1938 at A lton, Illinoi s. Mr. and Mrs. Ka veLe r w ill b e a t home after May 15th at 914 M cPh erso n S t., A lton, I llin o is. 193 1 RUEL L. K IR KPATR I CK is n ow emp loyed as Ass is tant Prod ucti o n E ng in eer by th e Pure O il C o m pa ny at Hou s ton, Texas. W . E . D ONA LD SON is now with th e B ur eau of Standard s, City of Los A nge les. I-Ie is li vin g at 853 'vVes t 50t h P lace. 1932 . A lber t L. Pessin, M ill Superinte nd en t fo r th e London Min es and M ill in g Compa ny of A lma, Colorado, v is it ed the campus in Jun e. RALPH M . LACY, ex'32, br other of LL YD R. LACY, '30, was killed in a fa ll from an oil derrick in emin o le, Oklahoma, Ap ril 12th, accordin g to wor d r ecei ved fr o m Ll oyd Lacy . Ra lph was buried in S t. J o hn's Cemeter y in S t. Lo ui s. He wa s a student in the chool of Min es fo r three se m es ters. 1933 CEO RGE P ERRY STEEN i doin g cy rad uate work in S tructur al E ng in ee rin g, M isso ur i School of M in es. STEPHEN W. GRACE, who attended M i[ fod two yea rs fro m Sept Ill be r '29, is vice-p res id ent of th e hri ste nse n A ir Co n dition in g Eq uipment Co ml any at Los A nge les. ll. E. BOYD is emp loy d by \ Nes tern Ca r tr id ge Co. a t A lton, I II. J. S. SABINE is now with h ell I et rolC Lllll Co m pa ny, 'vVoo d R ive r, :I Ilin ois. 1935 T. M. PATTON, ex'35, has accep ted a po itio n w ith an E ng li sh Gold Dredgin Com pany o n th e Go ld Coast of \ V cs t Af ri ca. \ V. H. M cD I LL is emp loyed as an eng in e I' in th e ma in office of S tate

fa', SUMMER, 1938 \i\Tor ks Progress Ad mini stra ti on, J efferson City, Mo. 1936 Lieut enant E lliott H. R eed was in Rolla Jun e 28. Lt. R eed ha s finished th e A rm y Training co ur se in the A ir R ese rve at Randolph F ield in T exas and is now perma nentl y stationed at Fort Ril ey, Kan sas with th e ir Res erve.



1937 W ILLI A M A. KOPP, refr igerat ion eno-ineer has joined the s taff of the Y~'k P ,:od uct s In co rporated office in D es Moines. T he D es Mo in es branc h is central Iowa di stributo r for York air co ndi tionin g and refrigeration eq uipm ent, and the comp a ny's terl'itory in cl ud es 43 cou nti es. A g raduat e in Mechan ica l Engin ee rin g of th e M isso uri School of :Min es, M r. Kopp came to D es Mo in es from the York head quarters in York, Pa . He is 'living at 1509 East T hi rtee nth Stree t. Av iat ion Cadet MA RIO N S. A LEX A:\DER was in Roll a July 13th. His presen t add ress is VT - 3 USS Sa ratoga, Sa n Di ego, Ca li forn ia. After A ugu s t 18th he will be on a three tour of duty. 1938 A LGER, R. P.-Sch lumb erge r \ i\Tell Sun'eyin g Co., Hou sto n, T exas . BLI SS, A . D.-Am erada Pe tra leu 1l1 Co ., Ge nera l D eli very, Sem in ole, O klaho ma . CAMER ON, C. V .-Shell Petroleum Corp., Tu'lsa, Okla. C\ RR O LL, J. F .-M t. Ga ines M in es, H ornitos (Ma rip osa Coun ty ) Californ ia. CA STEEL, L. W .-St. Joe Lead Co., Bonne Terr e, Mo. EV_"\KS, J. D . F.-Londo n Gold M in es Co .. A lm a, Colorado. FERNA N D EZ, H. A. -San Franceisco M in es of Mex ico, Ltd., San Francisco Del O ro, Ch ih., Mexico. K NO ER R, A. \ N.-Cli max Mo lybde num Co., Climax, Co lo. (for summer ) . Phys ics Dept., vV isconsin Minin g School, P latteville, \i\Tis. (begi nnin g Septem ber 1st) . L OKS,BERG, L. C.-vVisco nsin State Hi g hway D epa rtm ent, Madi son, \i\Tiscon sin. McCL OSKY, J. R - S t. Louis Sme lti ng and R efi nin g Co., R ico, Colorado . ME DLEY, R. R-C li max Molybden um Co., Olimax, Colorado. MI'LLER, J. G.-(Returnin g t o MSM ,fo r a d eg ree in :Meta llu rgy ) . M O RRI SON, FREDE RICKA rkan sas N at ura l Gas Co., 406 N orth 5th St., Lon gv iew, T exas . PETERS, J . E.-D ixo n, Mo.(working fo r W .P. A.) PITTEN-GER, F . H.- W isconsin State Hig hway D ept., Madison, vVisco nSIl1. PROGGH, R G.- (O n prospecting exped ition into A las ka; headquarters - Skagw ay, Alaska) . Q UAM, C. A.-Standard L im e awl Stone Co., Martinsburg, VV . Va . REESE, R C.-Av iation Cadet, U . S. Navy, Pe nsacola, Florida . VAN D EVENTER, C. C.- A merica n Ba ux ite Co., Baux ite, A r kan sas . BLI SH, L . D. - Illionoi s Stat e Hig hway Department, Springfie ld, III. BOWMAN, D . C." Jr.- (Wit h COI1 tractor in St. L ou is, Mo. ) CORNET, R. C.-T en nessee Va lley A ut hority, K noxvill e, T en n.

11 HOLTMA N, O . J.- (With County E ng in ee r, Mexico, 1\110.) KELSEY, E . E .-Mc N ally-Pittsburg :Ma nufact urin g Co., P ittsburg, Ka nsas . L AN I ER, E. B.-P hilli ps P etr oleu m Corp ., O kmul gee, O kla. M U RPHY, J. H.-Phillips Peroleum Corp., Texas, PRANGE, H. L.-(workin g on \ N.P. A. in St. Louis, Mo.) ROB E RTSO N, C. W . -W.P.A. a t Fa rmin gto n, Mo. . S. E ng ineers, SH ORT, J. 1\.St . Lou is, Mo. STOKES, H. B.-W. P. A. at Formin gto n, Mo. \i\TOLF , H. C.-Russell and Ax on Co., 4903 Delmar, St. Lou is, Mo . FOLSOM, D U DLEY-V. S. E ng in ee rs, Roc k I sla nd, I II. STED E LI N KENNETH-Sin g fie ld Go ld Mi ,{es Co rp., N evada City, Calif. \ N I LKEY, R. vV.- ( In g ravel business wit h father) . CLA Y T O~, C. L.-Box 585, Pittsb urg , Ca li fornia. H OWE RT ON, J. W .-c/ o C. B. Ke nt nor, Jr., 100 Som erse t, Fairfi eld, Co nn. J 0 :\ES, R. V .--:"'h ti onal Mall eable and Steel Cast ings Co., Shar on, Pa . L E \i\l I N, B. J.-(I n b usines s with fa th er in St. Lo uis.) REU jVIlvILER, W . P .- (Fello wsh ip, Monta na Schoo l of M in es, Butte, Montana,) ELLI S, J. C.-Crane and Company, Chicago, Il l. GERWI:\, J. L .-Municipal U tiliti es, Ma rsha l'l, Mo. HAA CKE, G. vV.-Humb le Oil and R efi ni ng Co., Baytow n, Texa s. J AEK ECKE, D. R.-Shell Petroleum Corp., \i\Tood Ri ver, III. L EvV I S, B. E.-440 Va nda lia, Edward svill e, III. (wo rkin g with Shell). MOLLETT, H. \ /V. -Mun icipa l U tiliti es, :M arshaU, Mo. MOORE, J. C.-Curtiss-W ri gh t A ir plane Co ., Robertso n, Mo. PH I LLIPS, A . A.-C entral Stat es Power a nd Lig ht Co., Tulsa, Okla. R A DCLIFFE, J. C., III- (O n prospecti ng exped iti on into A laskaheadquarters, Skagway, A laska .) T URNER, B. V .- Av iation Cadet, U . S . Navy, Pensacola, F lorida. CURKUT T, C. R -B endix Corpora tion , Ch icago, Ill. LeGRAND , J. S.-B end ix COl'porat ion, Chi cago, Ill. M UE LL E R, F . M .-Mi sso uri Genera l U tiliti es, Ste. Ge nevieve, Mo. SEIBEL, R. C.-Cater pillar Tractor Co ., Peo ria, Ill. SM I TH, HUESTON M.-Mi sso uri Public Serv ice Comm ission, 1511 Telephon e Bldg., St. Lou is, Mo. WHITE, W. D .- (Going wit h General E lectric Company in the fall.) BALLMA)J, E. A .-Shell P et roleum Corp., \Nood Ri ver, I II. B I RCHER, J. R.-C la irton Byprodu ct Coke P lan t, Carn egie Steel Co ., Cla ir ton, Pa. DUNLAP, \i\T. B .-And erson P ri cha rd Oil Co., Ch icago, HI. (sum m er) (Fe ll owsh ip, Loui siana State U ni versity) (Fa ll ) . HILL, E. F.-Gra duate Ass istant in Physics, M.S.M . KUH L MAN, H . W ., J r.,-Pla skon Company, To ledo, O hio. McCUTCHEON, J. H.-Mi sso u!-i Publi c Healt h Ser vice, Poplar B luff, Mo.

DIRECTOR CHEDSEY GIVEN DOCTOWS DEGREE BY CO L O RADA SCHOOL OF MINES Directo r W illi a m R. Chedsey was granted the honora ry deg ree of D octor of Enginee rin g a t the co mm encement of th e Colorado School of M ines a t Golden, Colo. , on May 27, for di stingu ished service in engi nee ring educa ti on. Dr. C hedsey gradu a ted from the Colorado School of Mines in 1908, a nd foll owing seve ral yea rs of practical ex peri ence in the wes t, A laska, a nd Central America , he entered the teaching fi eld. H e was for 2 1 yea rs hea d of th e mining depa rtm ent of P ennsylva ni a State Coll ege, co min g to M. S. M. as Direc tor last Septemb er. Dr. Chedsey, since enterin g the teac hin g fi eld, has been act ive in the developmen t of th e enginee ring profe ssion, ta kin g a n exte nsive pa rt on th e ed uca tion al committees of severa l of th e n a tion al enginee rin g societi es a nd organizations. He is at present a m emb er of th e exec uti ve com mittee of the ed ucation di v ision of the American Institute of M ining a nd Meta llurgica l Enginee rs which is sup erv isi ng th e preparat ion of a bulletin on vocationa l gui da nce in co nn ecti on with the min era l indu stry. H e is a lso a memb er of the committee on pa pers a nd programs of th e min eral indu stri es div ision of th e Institute, on th e research committee of the coa l div ision, on the stud ent rela ti ons commi ttee, and on th e speci a l co mmi ttee to co rrela te prizes a nd awa rd s. L as t year Dr. Ched sey was president of the Coal Mining Institute of Am erica, a nd is now a m emb er of the executive co mmittee. On comin g to M issouri las t fall Dr. Chedsey at once identifi ed him self with th e ed uc ational fie ld in thi s st ate, a nd is now se rving as president of the Missouri Branch of th e Society for the Promotion of E nginee ring Education, and also as v ice-president of th e M isso uri Mu se um Associa ti on. Dr. Chedsey lef t on Ma y 25 for Go lden to receive th e deg ree, a nd was accompa ni ed by Mrs. Chedsey a nd the two yo unger boys. H e pl a ns to v isit seve ral of the weste rn minin g sch ools a nd minin g di stri cts on t he trip, and a lso co ntac t the a lumni of th e M isso uri School of Min es in th a t region. H e will return to Ro ll a by way of Coll ege St a tion, T exas, where he w ill atte nd the a nnu al m eeting of th e Society for the Promoti on of E nginee rin g E du ca ti on, bei ng held the las t wee k in June at the T exas Agr icultural a nd Mec hani ca l Coll ege.



Metallurgists Senior Trip Eight Senior Me t allurgists left St. Lou is on \iVedn esday, Fe bru a ry 9th , arri ving in Cleve land that eve nin o- to be met by T ommi e Graham '34,"~ nd Wern er Cu lb ertso n '37, who took th e gro up to th e Sta tler Hotel. On Thursday mornin g a visit was m ade to the Na ti onal Ma llea ble Company. Aft er t horoughl y inspec tin g this pl ant, the group we nt to th e Metallurgy Building of the Case School of App li ed Sc ience and visited with th e D epartment H ea d, Dr. Dona ldson. Dr. D onald son entertained the visitors at lunch at Fenway Hall in East Cleveland . After th e luncheo n W. M. Sykes too k th e party through the C leveland W ire Works, where th e entire process of prod ucing tun gste n wire from tungsten ore was studied. Leaving Cleveland after supp er t he party journ eye d to Buffa lo, putting up at th e Sta tl er Hotel for th e night. Ea rl y F rid ay mornin g Allen D . P ot ts '20, Chi ef Me t allurgist for Simonds Saw and Steel Comp any, picked up th e party in t wo cars. With Mr. Potts as guide the party v isited th e Steel wo rks at Lockp ort, th e N iaga ra Fa ll s Power Company, and th e U nion Carbide and Carb on Research L aboratories. In the co urse of the trip all of the sceni c bea uty of N iaga ra Fa lls and th e ri ve r was enj oyed. F rid ay night th e party journ eye d to Schenect ady where they we re m et by Bob Simmons '36, and M ik e Hea ley '23. All day Sa turd ay was spent v isiting the General E lec tric Company's P lant, and holding bu ll sessions with th e foll owi ng Alumni: Fred H olt '35, An dy Frank '35, J ohn O'Neal '37, Chas. Benner '37, Bob Simm ons '36, M ike H ea ley '23, Sa m Post '37, and Bi ll Coddi ngto n '35 . Mr. and M rs. Healey entertained the Sen iors a t dinner Sa turd ay evening. Sund ay morni ng bright and ea rly the party journ eyed v ia New York Central to New Yo rk City, where headqua rters we re es t abli shed at the H otel New Yo rk er. Sund ay was give n over to gene ral sight seeing and educa ti onal t rips. Mo nd ay morning the Seni ors registe red at t he AIME hea dqu arters. At noon t hey we re entert ained at lun ch by I-I. Foster N ix '25 t hrough the cou rtesy of Dr. M . ]. Ke ll y ' 14, Director of R esea rch, Bell Telephone Labora tories. T he afte rn oon was spent at t he Bell Laboratories. From 5 : 00 to 7:00 P. M ., t he Seniors mingled with t he Alumni , who we re holding a meeting at the Waldorf-Asto ri a. About sixty old-timers we re on han d and th oroughl y. enj oyed t hemselves. On Tu esda y th e group atte nd ed a special mee ting of t he AI ME, which was held for th e benefit of th e stud en t assoc iates. " How to Appl y for a T ech-

ni ca l Posit ion" was th e th eme of this special session. Three interviews we re held on the stage of the auditorium by th e following : Howard Lee D avis, D irecto r, Techni ca l Employ ment and Trainin g, New Yo rk T eleph one Company; O. D. Eshbach, P ersonnel D epartment, America n Telephone and Te leg raph Company; and E . M. Stephens, Per so n n e I D epa rtment, U nited Steel Corporation, assisted by M r. Simon of the Carn egie-Illinois Metallurgica l staff in the Pittsb urgh di stri ct. T he afternoon was spent at t ec hni ca l sesions and th e evening at a n inform al dance at the Waldo rfAstoria. Wednesday was devot ed to technica l sessions at th e Insti tute hea dqu arters. During th e ea rl y aft ern oon th e Seni ors fill ed ou t a pplica tion blanks and we re interviewed by Mr. E. M. Stephens and Mr. Simon of th e Un ited States Steel Corporation. Thursda y was devo ted to li stening in on a Powder Meta llurgy Symposium. At noon the Seniors had the pleasure of lunch at the M ining Club as guests of th at orga nization. Mr. J ac kling and M r. Chedsey we re present at thi s luncheon. After lunch the p arty v isited down-town New York and saw some of th e we ll known points of interest. On Frid ay morning the group boarded a bus for J ersey City and from th ere to K ea rn ey, New J ersey, where they spent th e morning in th e Rese arch Labo rato ri es of th e United States Steel Corporation. The aft ernon was spent VIS!tll1g th e Federal Shi p Building and Dry D ock Company, where a number of ships we re und er construction. Frida y aftern oon late the group board ed th e crack train of the Baltimore and Ohio and journ eyed to Wash ington, D. c., where th ey estab li shed hea dqu arters at the Hotel Wa shingto n. Sa turda y an d Sund ay we re given over to Was hington, D. C. The fo llowing di visions we re v isited: Bureau of Standa rd s, F ederal Burea u of Investigation, Smith soni an Institute, Nation al M useum , and others. Mo nd ay, February 21st, th e group, a li ttl e tired but st ill go in g strong, dropp ed off at Pittsburgh and spent th e da y with th e Alu minum Comp any, v isitin g both t he m anufacturing div ision and th e research labo ratories. W hile at th e Alu minum Comp any t he group saw W. E. Lud e, '37, T. L. Baxter, '37, L. W. Meyer, '36, an d Dan a Sm ith, ex'29, all form er MSM men. Mo nd ay even ing, Mr. E. M. Stephens of the Steel Corporation h ad dinn er with th e party. T hi s concluded a hi ghl y succesful inspection trip.

Present at the Alu mn i gath ering Monday aft ernoon we re: Albertson, M. M. ' 11 , Badoll et , M. S. '21, Beeghley, W. D. ex'17, Busch, Wm. C. '37, Bueh ler, H. A. '25, Day, R. O. '25; D ea n, R. S. '15; Ea sley, George A. '09; E lfred, F. S. ' 17; E nglemann, E. W. ' 11 ; Evans, O. R. '23; Foley, F. B.; F rey, M. L. '23; Gross, Bernard '33 ; Grotts, Fred ' 16; H ale, D. P. '34; H anley, H. R. '01; H ead, ]. L. '1 6; H owe, Wm. A. '35; J ac klin , D. C. '92; Keeling, Wm. Orval '23; Keniston, C. W. '09; Levy, S. B. '33 ; Lindgren, R. A. '23; McCarron, ]. R. '32; Macke, R. A. '35; Mann, H. T. '08; Mazany, M. S. '09; Metz, G. F . '14; M iller, ]. C. ' 16; Mo nsch, I-I. D. '29; Mulford , F. C. '23 ; Nea l, O. D. '14; Needles, E. R. ' 14; N ix, F. C. '24; N udelman, Barn ey '21 ; Osmi n, B. N . '36; P age, H. C. '29; Peterson, C. E. '16; Poese, L. E. '34; Schneeberger, F. C. '25 ; Schum ann, R. '33; Scott, ]. W aiter ' 19; She rry, I-I. K. '12; Simrall , R. A. '14; Smith, Van Hoose '10; Stewa rt, T. ]. '34; T ainton , U. C. '30; T eas, I-I. ]. ' 17; Tedrow, H. L. ' 11; T ompkins, E. S. ex'16; Walsh, T. P. F. '17; Weigel, M . P. '23; Weiser, Hanley '1 8; Director Wm. R. Chedsey, and Chas Y. Clayton ' 13. CHICAGO SECTION AIME ENTERTAIN JACKLING

It was a hearty and rousing welcome t hat Daniel C. Jackling received in Chi cago on the evening of May 7, 1938. rhe occas ion was the annu al recepti on and dinner by the Chicago Section for the Na tional President of the Ameri can Institute of M ining and Metallurgica l Engineers. Through the efforts of a ve ry effici ent rece ption and entertainment ¡comm ittee, a most deli ghtf ul dinn er and dance held at the Blac km ore H otel was enjoyed by 275 memb ers and gues ts of the In stitute. T he smoothness with which the affairs of the evenin g we re executed refl ected directly th e carefu l and thou ghtful plan ning of th e committee. To one not thoroughly acqu ainted with t he "go ings on", the idea would have been estab lished that it was a M issouri School of M ines ni ght-a nd so it was, th ere being two members of the facu lty, twe nty-three stud ents and th irty-fi ve alum ni present. The twenty-three stud ents we re t he Senior Civil E ngineers, with Professor C. E. Carlton , who we re in Chicago on th eir in spection trip. Through the efforts of M r. G. E . J ohnson, Chairman, Chicago Section Alumni and his associates, arrangements were m ade to m ake it poss ible for th ese stud ent to attend th e fun ction as guests of th e Chicago Secti on.


for SUMMER, 1938




Thi s mee tin g afford ed th e first opportun ity for th e Chicago Alumni to meet Director Chedsey who atended th e rece pti on a nd dinn er. F olowing the dinn er, Mr. W. R. J ewell, Cha irm an, Chicago Cha pter, A.I.M.E., ca ll ed for attention and introd uced seve ral outst anding members and gues t s whi ch included: Mr. A. B. Pa rso ns, Na ti onal Secretary, A. I. M.E.; Messrs. C. C. W hitter and W. R. Wr ight, Past Na ti onal Directors; M r. T. S. McEwan , Chairman, America n Society, Mechanica l Enginee rs; and Mr. Wi lfred Sykes, Prese nt Nati onal Director who, after many fitting rema rk s, introduced the Nationa l President of th e A.I.M.E. , Dr. D. C. J ackling. In a ve ry graci ous m anner Dr. J ackling th ank ed th e Chapter for the welcome and hosp itality they had shown. Then , touchi ng briefl y on the activities of th e Institute, he concluded hi s short address with hea rtfelt thanks ' 0 all. F ollowing this address, Mr. J ewell closed th e mee ting with announcements. D ancing began immediately and continued until one o'clock. Among the alumni prese nt were: A. N . Detwe iler '10, J. P. W alker '11 , R . H. Maveety ' 12 , W . Gray '12, W. F. Cody ' 13, R. H. John so n '16, R. S. Weimer ' 18, A. F. Golick ' 18, W. E. Oyler '19, J. W. Scott '19, Earl Guy '23, IV. E. R emmers '23, Ross Ballinger '24, Andy Deve reaux '24, E lmer Gammeter '25, E. H. Cook '27, M. J. P au l '27, E. A. Crawford '29, M. F . Thomas '30, B. S. Foll owi ll '31, H. C. C1uden '32 , I. W. Friedmann '32, R ex Monroe '32, vV. J. J absen '33, D. R. H owe rton '35, Almer Spotti '35, H . R . Thornton '36. ST. LOUIS SECTION MEETS The St. Loui s Section of th e American Ceramic Society held its spring mee ting in Roll a on F rid ay, May 13. The afternoon was spent in ,renewing old fri end ship s, playing golf, and visiting the M.S .M. ca mpu s. At 6 o'clock a dinner was held a t the Pierce Pennant Tavern where the group was given a n address of we lcome by Mr. W. R. Chedsey, Director of th e M isouri School of M ines and Metallurgy, and was entertained by three voca l solos by Professo r J ames C ulli so n of the Geology D epartment. Souve nir as h tr ays, m ade by students umier th e supervision of Dr. P aul G. Herold of th e Ceramic D epartment, we re prese nted to the gues t s. The technical session, held in the Chem ica l Lecture Room at 7 : 30, was m ade up of th e fo llowing program : 1. "Microstructure of Fire Brick in R ela ti on to Slag Attack in Glass Checkers," W. L. Fabi anic, Owe ns-

Illin ois Glass Co., Alton, Ill. (Read by R . D. Duff, M.S.M. '27, in the a bsence of Mr. Fab ia ni c. ) 2. " D evelopment and Opera tion of a M issouri Fire Clay M ine," Ben K. M ill er, M.S.M. ex'3 1, A. P . Green F ire Brick Co. , Mex ico, Mo. 3. " The Na ture of Ori gin of R efr acto ry Cl ay," D onald W . R oss, Laclede-Christy Clay Products Co., St. Loui s, Mo. 4. "Ce ram ic R esourc es of th e Southwes tern Mississippi Va lley," W . M . Weige l, M.S.M. '00, Mi ssouri P ac ific Lines, St. Loui s, Mo. Officers of the St. Louis Section for thi s yea r a re: President, C. M. Dodd, P r~ fesso r of Ceramic Engi nee ring, M isso uri School of M ines and Meta llurgy; Secretary, R. S. Bradl ey, Director of R esea rch, A. P. G ree n F ire Brick Co. , Mexico, Mo.; Treasurer, L. A. Kimb erling, Bl ac km er and Post Pipe Co., St. Louis, Mo. PITTSBURGH SECTION MEETS

T he Pittsburgh section of the alumni assoc iation held their spring meeting on May 18, in the form of a dinner meeting with Dr. L. E. Young, former director of th e school and now vice- president of the Pittsburg Coal Company, as the principal speaker. Following the dinner the group adjourned to a nea rb y bowling alley and enjoye d an evening of bowling. T here was a lack of older men present a t th e meeting, which was of concern to t hose in charge of the Pittsburg section. As one of the youn ger men ex pressed it, "So far as I ca n see we can do the school more good if we can get acquainted. We can ' t get acqua inted if the old men will not turn out." T he sec tion will hold its next meeting in th e fall , a t which time they pla n to so a rrange the mee ting that Dr. D. C. J ac kling, president of the A. I. M.M.E., m ay be in attendance. Those atte ndin g the meeting we re: Dr. L. E. Young, R. W. Ahlqui st , '24; C. H. Dres bac h '2 9; H. D. Monsch '2 9; A. C. Shearer '30; W. E. Luder '27; L. W. Meyer '36; D. J. P erry '34; T. L. Baxte r '37; J. R. Clanton '36; and W. I. Short, '36. COMMENCEMENT

The Sixty-fi ft h Commencement Exerci ses of th e Missouri School of M ines and Meta llurgy was held on May 22 to 24, with a total of 11 3 degrees conferred . On Sunda y, May 22, the Bacca laureate Exercises were held with the R ev. Dr. King D. Beach, Minister of the Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church of Kansas City, Missouri, deli ve ring the Bacca ul aurea te Add ress. Speaking on

th e su bj ect, " The D ese rt and the Rose," Dr. Beach urged the graduat ing seniors to guid e t heir scientific kn owledge by reli gious principles for th e gene ral benefit of civi li zation. On Mo nda y, May 23, in th e Gymnas ium , Direc tor and Mrs. C hedsey held th eir a nnu al reception to students, facu lty, a nd v isitors. The Gymnas ium had bee n bea utifull y deco rat ed by the mem bers of th e Blu e Key Fraternity und er the Chairmanship of H erb ert Johnson, '39. In the receiving line with Dr. an d Mrs. Chedsey was G. A. Easley, '09 with Mrs. Easley a nd th eir daughter, N ita. A large crowd of students, faculty and guests enjoyed th e rece ption a nd follo wing th a t th e a nnu al Commencement Ball. Th e Commencement E xe rci ses we re held on Tu esda y, Ma y 24, at 10:00 a. m. in th e Audi torium of P a rk er The Commencement Address H all. was give n by George A. Easley, VicePresid ent of the Intern a tional M ining Company of New York City, and a grad uate of MSM of the Class of '09. Dr. Easley, in hi s quiet and un assu ming way, held th e closes t attention of th e audience as he illu strated hi s points with ex peri ences in hi s own life hi story, these ex periences ranging from those as a boy on a farm nea r K a nsas City, M issouri , to th a t of fl ying 25 ,000 tons of m achin ery into the interior of New Guinea to develop one of th e outstand ing placer min es of th a t country. Dr. Easley's address is give n in full elsewhere in th e ALUMNUS .

Following Dr. Easley's address, Director Chedsey an nounced the prizes and honors an d Dr. Frederick A. M iddl ebu sh, President of the U ni ve rsity, conferred the degrees. Among th e deg rees conferred was that of D octor of Engineering, honoris causa, which was conferred up on th e Commencement spea ker a nd M r. Geo rge Albert Easley beca me Dr. Geo rge Albert Easley. In ma king th e prese ntat ion of Dr. Easley to Dr. Midd lebu sh for the degree, Dr. Chedsey said , "Geo rge Albert Eas ley of the Class of 1909, an illu striou s so n of M issouri , di stingui shed alumnu s of the School of M ines and Me t allurgy, a nd a n eminent minin g engineer has rendered di stingui shed service to his country by the development of mineral resources a t home a nd abroad. The kee n foresight that ena bled him to make practical use of a via ti on for th e tra nsportation of heavy minin g m achinery to in accessible a nd remote ore-bea rin g fi eld s evidence the im agin ation a nd vision req uired of a modern mining englneer. "Fo r lea dership in and service to hi s profession, he m erits recognition



a nd I have th e honor to prese nt yo u, M r. Presid ent, Geo rge Albert Easley, for the D egree of D oc tor of E ngin ee rin g. honori s causa." Oth ers who rece ive d ad va nced deg rees includ ed th e Mas ter of Science degree for H a rold E dga r Boyd, '34, C. R . Ma ise, '34, a nd H. G. Thompso n, '24. The E nginee r of M ines degree was confe rred up on B. D. Boyd, '26, W. A. G a ll emore, '32 , W . W . K ay, '33, G. H. P ett, '26, C. K . R ose, '33, a nd W . S. W right, 'z.Âą. The deg ree of C ivil E nginee r was co nfe rred up on W. L. D oll, '33, F . ' lV. Hurd, '34, J ohn J. L ivin gs ton, '33, D av id J. Perry, '34, a nd E . H. W oodm a n, '30. AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR METALS Missouri School of Mines Group After a qui esce nt peri od of seve ral weeks, th e Ch a pte r res um ed its acti viti es by holding two ga th erings within th e space of fi ve d ays.

On A pril 14 th M r. A. E. Croc kett of J ones a nd L aughlin Steel Comp any a ppea red before th e group to show motion pi ctures on th e m a nufacture of integ ral stee l pipes and to deli ve r a talk on " R esea rch a nd Sc ience in the Steel Indu stry." ¡Dr. R. S. D ea n, C hi ef E ngin ee r of th e M et allurgica l Di vision at th e U. S. Bur e~ u of M ines, a nd a n a lumnu s of M.S.M., was th e gues t speaker a t th e seco nd mee ting on April 19th . Dr. D ea n na rra ted th e "Acti v ities of th e Burea u of lines in th e F ield of E lectro-Me t allurgy," d we lling es pec iall y on th e resea rch condu cted by th e Burea u in th e elec tro- metallurgy of m a nga nese, resea rch whose success Dr. D ea n st a ted had opened up a new fi eld of meta llurgy-the use of m anga nese as th e base metal of a lloys. SECOND ANNUAL FOUNDRYMEN'S CONFERENCE Geo rge ' lV. M i tsc h, Ameri ca n Ca r a nd Fo undry Comp any, Loui s J. D espa rois, Pi cka nds, Ma th er a nd Com-

pa ny, Geo rge S. H aley, Century Foundry, J. O. Kl ein, South ern M alleable Iron Comp a ny, W ebb S. K a mmerer, M id va le M ining a nd M anufacturing Comp any, a nd R . K . Durkan, c/ o M. W. W arren Coke Comp any , were in co nference with Professo r Cl ay ton on Tu esday, April 12 th , m akin g pl ans fo r t he F oundry men's Conference whi ch is to be held in R oll a on October 7th and 8th. The tent a ti ve progra m call s for fi ve tec hni ca l sessions und er th e following hea din gs : Cupola Prac ti ce a nd M et allogra ph y", "Ton-ferrous M et als a nd M a ll ea bl e Ir(')11" , " Sa nd s a nd R efr actories" , " Gray Iron", and "Steel". T ec hni cal sessions will be held in the Me ta llurgy Building and in P a rk er H all. Thi s is th e second a nnu al conference, as th e fir st mee tin g was held lat October when ome 160 foundrymen met in R oll a. It is ex pected th at registra ti on will a pproac h the 250 m a rk for th e nex t fall.

'Ve wish especially to invite you to visit us on October 21st and 22nd. Plans are being made for a joint meeting of the St. Louis and J opEn Sections of the American Institute of Mining Engineers with the Mining and Metallurgical Association of MSM with Dr. D. C. J adding presiding. Dr. Buehler is planning the first annual meeting of those interested in the Mineral Industries. Homecoming banquet and dance will be held on Saturday, October the 22nd. Surely you will plan to be here. Just drop us a line so that we can make reservations for you. Fraternally yours, SI GMA





P.S .--Our houses as pictured on the 15th page of this Alumnus are open to you.









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.... Greetings, Old Grads and Former Students" ~ 1 he merchants of

ROLLA take pleasure in extending to you one and all a IllOst hearty and cor-



di al invitation to visit Rolla.

For A.I.lVLE. Meeting with Dr D. C. Jackling on October the 21st and for home coming on October the 22nd. JOHN W. SCOTT
























HomE (OmInGO(TOBER 22nd, 1938