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“Your Home Loan Specialist” 233 East Main Street • Trinidad, CO 81082 • 719-846-2257 Serving Huerfano & Las Animas Counties Since 1903

When it comes to Real Estate ...

...We Really Deliver!

“We are owned by our community. Everything we do is for our community.” Loans

Home • Commercial • Agricultural • Land Accounts

Savings • Checking • MMDA • CD • IRA

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NMLS #407983



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The name Doc Holliday conjures images of gambling halls and gunfights and a legendary showdown between cowboys and lawmen on a dusty street near the OK Corral. But perhaps the most dramatic episode in Doc’s Western life happened not in the silver mining camp of Tombstone, but in the Santa Fe Trail town of Trinidad in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of southeastern Colorado. It was fall of 1878, and John Henry “Doc” Holliday was newly arrived in Trinidad after several months in Dodge City, where he’d played cards and pulled teeth and, according to Dodge City lawman Bat Masterson, mostly stayed out of trouble. Dodge was a fine place for a traveling dentist to spend the cattle drive season, with hundreds of cowboys coming into town with fresh trail pay in their pockets—and often bad teeth that needed dental work. But Dodge was also hot that summer—101 in the shade, where one could find any—and dusty, which was bad for a man battling the lung disease called “Consumption,” now known as Tuberculosis. So when the cowboys moved on, so did Doc, taking his mistress Kate Elder with him for ride on the Santa Fe Railroad, headed to the cooler climate of the Animas Valley in Colorado. Trinidad had been established in 1862 where the Purgatoire River crossed the Santa Fe Trail, and with the arrival of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad in 1876 and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe in 1878, Trinidad had quickly become the major shipping point for most of New Mexico, Arizona, and West Texas. The town boasted a population of 3,000 permanent residents that summer, with eighty-three stores, three hotels, a daily newspaper and mail, and a red-light district that was the wonder of Colorado. Doc Holliday didn’t wait long to

add to the city’s excitement.

According to Bat Masterson, who would later become marshal of Trinidad, soon after Doc’s arrival he got into an altercation with a local sport by the name of Kid Colton, shooting and seriously wounding him. Although no legal record remains of either the incident or the victim, Bat claimed it was the Kid Colton shooting that made Doc move on again. Kate Elder, however, tells a much different story in her later memoirs: “Doc was taken sick so we had to stay in Trinidad ten days. Then we had to hire an outfit to take us to Las Vegas, New Mexico. We traveled with a big freight outfit. The railroad was built only a few miles out from Trinidad. This was in November…and we arrived a few days before Christmas.”

Kate’s sparse writing doesn’t do justice to the ordeal. With the railroad into New Mexico not yet complete, she and Doc traveled by covered wagon on the rutted Santa Fe Trail. South of Trinidad, the trail crossed over the treacherous Raton Pass, elevation 7,834 feet with a grade so steep that wagons had to be tied down onto huge iron rings hammered into the mountainside to keep from careening out of control. The crossing averaged five days, the wagons crawling to the crest of the mountain and then crawling back down the other side. In the deep ravines below the road were the remnants of wagons that hadn’t survived the crossing: wheels and axles and harness-trees smashed to pieces along Raton Creek. Beyond the pass, the road became easier, the mountain falling away into long plateaus with the green meadows of New Mexico lying ahead—except that Doc and Kate made the trip in the snowy late fall when the temperatures were frigid. Freight outfits stopped often to water and rest the horses, camping along the way, and the nights would have been cold and dangerous for a sick man. They surely welcomed one night of warmth in a real bed at Cimarron’s St. James Hotel, in spite of the noise from brawls and gunfights in the barroom below. And past Cimarron was the last landmark of the Santa Fe Trail, the stone uprising called Wagon Mound, looking like a carved prairie schooner with a canvas canopy blowing open in the wind. Then finally, the red adobe fortress of Fort Union, the end of the wagon train’s trail. As Kate’s recollections don’t give all the details of the journey, they also don’t say why she chose to take Doc on such a harrowing adventure— the teamster who drove them remembered a man “in bad shape, and his ‘woman friend,’ who spoke with a German accent’.” The answer lies in their final destination: not the old Spanish town of Las Vegas where the teamster delivered them, but the hot mineral springs up nearby Gallinas Canyon.

The Montezuma Hot Springs had been famous for a hundred years or more, named after the ancient Mexican king who supposedly took the healing waters there. The springs bubbled up out of the rocky bed of the Rio Gallinas, steaming and smelling of sulfur and drawing visitors from all over the country to come sit in the shallow pools carved by the water. Near the pools, a bathhouse had been erected and the hot mineral water diverted into tubs and showers where an attentive staff provided personal care. The regimen was simple: wash in the clear stream water then soak in the steaming sulfur pools, letting the minerals permeate through the vital fluids of the body. Modern medical practice held that the sulfur water would change the chemistry of the body, helping to fight off illness. Consumptives came by the droves, as did sufferers of a hundred other ailments, and some were even cured. Above the stream and the springs, connected to the bathhouse by a narrow footbridge, was the new Hot Springs Hotel, elegant in native red granite, with a main floor lobby and guest rooms on the second and third floors. From the white-painted verandah and balconies that wrapped the building, guests could take the clear mountain air and enjoy the healing view of the pine-covered canyon walls. But it was the smell of the place that visitors most remembered: the hot sulfur pools stinking like rotting eggs and the sweet fragrance of the Piñon pines.

Milagro!, the Spanish-speaking locals called the cures of the Montezuma Hot Springs, and Doc Holliday seemed to be one of them. After taking sick in Trinidad, after traveling the Santa Fe Trail, after soaking and steaming and breathing in the sulfur and pine-scented air, he was finally well enough to start gambling and practicing dentistry again. And Kate Elder, at least for that part of their journey, was the heroine of the story. As for the unverifiable Kid Colton shooting back in Trinidad, Doc may have made up that story himself, preferring to have a reputation as a dangerous man to a dying one.

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August 25th Huajatolla Heritage Festival Sep 7&8 -14-

August 4th & 5th

La Veta • Colorado


and carefully tended gardens. The property includes a greenhouse, a guest house and staff quarters. The Philmont Training Center is located along the Eastern and Southern edges of the Villa Philmonté complex. There are guided tours of the Villa Philmonte beginning with a brief history of Philmont Scout Ranch. Waite and Genevieve Phillips gave the Boy Scouts of America 127,500 acres of land through two gifts: 1938 and 1941. Tour guides explain the land history and give brief biographical sketches of the Phillips family. The tour continues through the three-story mansion. Hand-hooked rugs in rich colors, original curtain panels, a player grand piano and a trophy room are some of the highlights.

Philmont Scout Ranch “a True Treasure of the West”


National Scouting Museum and History of the West Philmont’s colorful history is worth crowing about! From cowboys and bison, to ancient Puebloan sandals and hiking boots, this is Philmont! Philmont’s history cannot be described quickly. Its vastness requires book after book and hours upon hours of reading. BUT you’re in luck because Philmont has four museums and each one tells a different part of our story.

Entry to all four museums are completely free. That’s a great start. Best of all, they’re located in beautiful country that is absolutely “The West”. Come and visit!

The Villa is generally open from midMarch to mid-November. The Villa is a popular destination, so reservations are required. Please call 575-376-1136 for tour information and availability. The Villa Philmonté and the NSM are located at Philmont’s basecamp. The Kit Carson Museum at Rayado is located seven miles south of basecamp on Highway 21. Highway 21 travels up and out of Philmont, along rolling stretches of pastures and grassland and then down a steep hill to the Rayado River. The entrance to the Kit Carson Museum is about two tenths of a mile beyond the river on the west side of the highway. The doorway is in the shape of a key hole. The Kit Carson Museum at Rayado is an interpretive site. The seasonal staff dresses in clothing of the 1850’s and demonstrates the frontier skills of blacksmithing, cooking, shooting and farming. The museum forms a quadrangle around a central plaza where there is an outside adobe oven called an horno where bread is baked. The objects and Kit Carson Museum furniture of the museum are reproductions of those found in New Mexico in the 1850’s.

Philmont’s four museums create the system known as the “National Scouting Museum – Philmont Scout Ranch”. The administrative offices are in a beautiful new building on Highway 21 four and a half miles south of Cimarron, New Mexico. This new building is called the National Scouting Museum (NSM). Here you will find the Seton Memorial Library, a reading room, a visiting scholar’s room, a gift shop with book store, two large exhibit halls and an 88-person conference room. The story of Scouting is told here. It began in the United States in 1910 and Gift Shop Merchandise continues to provide challenging adventures and education centered around the Scout Oath and the Scout Law.

The National Scouting Museum is open yearround with the except of a few holidays. Please call 575-376-1136 for exact dates. Less than half a mile from the administrative museum (NSM) is the lovely Villa Philmonté. The Villa was the summer home of the family of Waite and Genevieve Phillips. Built in 1927, it is SpanishMediterranean in style and is richly decorated with the original antiques Villa Philmonté Circa 1930’s that the Phillips’ purchased in Europe. The Villa grounds are a park-like setting with vast lawns -16-

The Rayado complex was built along the Santa Fe Trail by Lucien Maxwell in 1848. Though he had settled in Taos originally, he saw the benefit of having a permanent settlement on the eastern side of the Sangre de Cristo mountains. He invited his friend and fellow mountain man, Kit Carson, to help him. The small community drew the attention of others and before long there were 40-50 workers who farmed, raised livestock, and ran a swing station for merchants on the Santa Fe Trail. Kit Carson moved on to other adventures in 1851 and ultimately settled in Taos. Hoping to find a more robust center for his commercial ideas, Lucien Maxwell moved his headquarters from Rayado to Cimarron in 1857.

The Kit Carson Museum is open from early June to mid-October. Please call 575-376-1136 ahead of time. No reservations are necessary.

Part 2: The Chase Ranch Museum in Fall New Legends or see the complete story on

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My Love of Long-range Shooting By Trudie


Raton, New Mexico

Many people have asked “how did you get into long-range shooting”? Let me look back about 18 years. My husband and I had made a move from Southeast Alaska to spend some much needed warmer winters, in the Valley of the Sun; Phoenix, AZ. We, both, had been competing during the winter months in an indoor bullseye pistol league so we headed out to Ben Avery shooting facility, to check out the action! Much to our surprise, it was a shooting haven with a very popular “public” range that we frequented when we had the time. We went out one Thursday morning and came across a group of people shooting 1000 yards. One gentleman turned around and saw Clark watching and asked if he wanted to try it. He proceeded to lay down and shoot at the target. It went down with the first shot, he turned around and looked at me and I knew he was hooked. My first thought was “this is going to cost me”! Before the winter was over I, too, was competing in the long-range discipline; starting out with a 6br rifle that was a real “tack driver”. Realizing that adjustments were needed to compete in the same category with the local palma shooters, Clark switched my barrel over to a .308 that following year. I was thinking I’d be shooting just to keep my husband company, but then the competitive side of me kicked in. Over the next few years, we accumulated the parts and pieces for competing in the long-range game. Good for me, Clark z z took an interest in gunsmithing at the 120 Main Street • Aguilar, Colorado same time so my rifles have always been 719-859-6170 719-941-4369 made with care and precision.

Guns &Ammo We Carry a Wide Range & Special Order Any Brand Lots of 22 long rifle & magnum in stock • Transfers for $20 Hunting Supplies Outdoor Gear

Coleman “Esky” Coolers High End Optics Top Pro Consignments



Hunting • Fishing • OHV


Hunter Safety Concealed Carry

Fast forward almost 2 decades in my life. 11 years ago, we made a move to the northeast corner of New Mexico to once again be close to a 1000 yard range. We found this wonderful facility when we competed in 2 of the summer matches on a regular basis. Packing up the travel trailer and camping at the Whittington Center with the fresh air, cooler temperatures and wildlife everywhere we were immediately hooked. The NRA Whittington Center

has become a home away from home as I’ve now been working here for over 6 years in the Accounts Receivable office. It couldn’t have fit me any better to be able to have a range in my “backyard”. The staff here have supported me in my travels and they understand when I need a “morning off” to go check my ammo, first hand, on the firing line. My main focus in competitive shooting is “palma”. Palma matches consist of 15 shots fired at 800, 900 and 1000 yards with an iron-sighted .308 or .223 match rifle. All are shot from the prone position in a jacket and sling for stability. After a few years of practice and enjoyment, I felt ready to “try out” for the U.S. Palma Team. 2008 was the first year I represented the U.S.A. at the America’s Match here in Raton. We took home gold over the Australian and British teams. It was such a great honor that it has held a special place in my heart, and it was a double bonus to do it on my “home range”! The NRA Whittington Center is host to the Rocky Mt. Palma/Santa Fe LR in July and the National Fullbore Match called Spirit of America, in September. I’ve been dubbed the “Queen of Raton” on more than one occasion so I try my best to take top honors at both of the local matches. This year found the Spirit of America competitor numbers up to 80 shooters so had my work cut out for me. With a 4 day aggregate, it came down to the last 15 shots at 1000 yds. Being behind the leader by one point, came as a challenge once the winds started to blow. Finishing off a wonderful week of shooting would have been enough to make you smile but going back to work on Monday with a gold medal around my neck makes for a good day. Being part of the team has taken me to international competitions as well. Brisbane, Australia in 2010 and 2011 where I finished 6th in the world in individuals and took the gold for 1000 yard aggregate over the 4 day event. I was thrilled being my first ever “world” championship. Team U.S.A. came away with bronze. 2015 found us all back on U.S. soil with the Palma World’s being held at Camp Perry, OH. The U.S. was well represented in the top 25 individuals and the team took home silver.

The group of World class shooters seems to be right around 400 individuals. We see each other once every 4 years around the globe. When we all show up on the range the first morning it is like old home week. We are family in a sense with the same passion for sending a little piece of lead down range, putting holes in a piece of paper at 1000 yards. January of 2019 will find me and my gun case traveling half way around the world to New Zealand for the World Palma event. Go team USA! Bring home that gold!!

Where your journey begins More Information at:

575-445-3615 -21-21-


Night Life

Live Music / WiNe & spirits / Late Nights Walsenbur, Colorado Rosa’s Cantina 620 Main St.• 719-738-2015 Sarti’s Bar 823 Main St. • 719-738-2522 Silver Dollar 112 West 7th St. • 719-738-1644 Starlite Inn 110 W. 6th St. • 719-738-9968

La Veta, Colorado

Deerprint Wine 106 E. Francisco St. • 719-650-2079

Cuchara, Colorado

Dog Bar & Grill 34 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-6366

Aguilar, Colorado

Roughnecks Saloon 214 E. Main St. • 719-941-4001 Spanish Peaks Inn 22590 CR 416 • 719-941-4288

Trinidad, Colorado

Brix 231 E. Main St. • 719-422-8273 Dodgeton Creek Brewing Company 36730 Democracy Dr. • 719-846-2339 El Rancho Bar & Café 1901 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-0388 Gino’s Sports Bar 991 E. Main St. • 719-845-0388 High Life Promotions CannaBus 126 E. Main St. • 719-859-4555 Hops & Vines Liquor 1530 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-7131

Jujo’s Pub 125 N. Chestnut St. • 719-846-9162

Main Street Liquors

803 E. Main St. • 719-422-8140 Mantelli’s Bar 137 W. Main St. • 719-846-9923

Bar-D Quarter Horses 205 Park Ave. • 575-483-0160

Clayton, New Mexico C&H Liquor

623 S. 1st St. • 575-374-2337

Cimarron, New Mexico Hotel Eklund Saloon

15 Main St • 575-347-2551 Wagon Wheel Night Club aka Cold Beer, New Mexico US Hwy 64 E at SR505 • 575-376-2229 501 N. 1st St. • 575-374-9975 Express St. James 617 S. Collison • 575-376-2664

Colfax Tavern & Diner

Moose’s Social Club and Martini Bar 308 W. Main St. • 719-216-3517 Mountain Liquor & General Store 1144 Robinson Ave. • 719-846-8223

Rino’s Italian Restaurant & Bar

400 E. Main St. • 719-845-0949 Royal Tavern 1906 N. Linden • 719-846-9129

Tees me Treat me

105 W. Main St. • 719-846-8634

Tire Shop Wine & Spirits

601 W. Main St. • 719-846-6200 Las Animas Grill 341 N. Commercial • 719-8460505

Raton, New Mexico

Colfax Ale Cellar 215 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-9727

IceHouse (Restaurant & Bar) 945 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-0003 Mulligan’s Restaurant & Bar 473 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-8540

Maxwell, New Mexico D & A’s Pub 221 3rd St. • 575-375-9671

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Springer, New Mexico

Coldest Beer in Town

Large Selection of Craft Beers

623 S. First Street • Clayton, New Mexico

C & H Liquor • 575-374-2337

Huge Selection of Spirits

Several Varities of New Mexico Wines



DineRs / Cafe / GRills / snaCks Gardner, Colorado

Wildflower Cafe & Grocery 2547 Highway 69 • 719-746-2100

Walsenburg, Colorado A&W I-25 Exit 52 • 719-738-3960 Alpine Rose Café 22 Main St. • 719-738-1157 Carl’s Jr. 700 Main St. • 719-738-1231 Corine’s Mexican Restaurant 822 Main St. • 719-738-1231

Daily Perks

110 E. 5th St. • 719-890-1072 First Choice Market 801 Walsen Ave. • 719-738-3200 Georges Drive-Inn 564 US Hwy 85-87 • 719-738-3030 Huerfano Café 902 W. 7th St. • 719-738-2041 KFC & Taco Bell I-25 Exit 52. • 719-738-2480 La Plaza Inn 118 W. Sixth St. • 719-738-5700 New Century Chinese Restaurant 520 Main St. • 719-738-4878

Serendipity Retail & Coffeehouse 528 Main St. • 719-890-4471 Subway 228 Main St. • 719-890-1332


Tina’s Family Café

501 Walsen Ave. • 719-738-2030 Golf Course Café 719-738-2730

Cuchara, Colorado

Creekside Café & Tavern 30 Cuchara Ave. • 303-829-7755 Dog Bar & Grill 30 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-6366 Luke’s BBQ 73 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-3685 Timbers Restaurant & Tavern 23 Cuchara Ave. E •719-742-3838

La Veta, Colorado

Alys’ Restaurant 604 S. Oak St. • 719-742-3742 Corners Diner 700 Main St • 710-742-3361 Charlie’s Market 212 S. Main St. • 719-742-3651 Deerprint Wine & Bistro 106 E. Francisco • 719-472-4957 Mountain Head Pizza 107 W. Francisco • 720-496-5851 Paradise Coffee 305 S. Main St. • 719-742-3680 Ryus Avenue Bakery 129 W. Ryus Ave. • 719-742-0256 Sid’s High Country BBQ & Grill 923 S. Oak St. • 719-742-3663

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Aguilar, Colorado

Roughneck’s Saloon 214 E. Main St. • 719-941-4001 Ringo’s Food Market 213 E. Main St. • 719-941-4450 Spanish Peaks Inn 92590 Country Rd. 41 719-941-4288

Family Seed II 525 San Juan St. • 719-845-8057

Frontier BBQ

815 E. Goddard • 719-859-2624 Great Wall 321 State St. • 719-846-1688 or 6201 Habaneros’s Mexican Grill 508 Nevada Ave. • 719-422-8190 Sun Bear Cafe I Love Sugar Candy & Sweet Shoppe 217 E. Main St. • 719-941-6100 259 N. Commercial St. • 719-846-2000 Trinidad, Colorado Kentucky Fried Chicken Bella Luna Pizzeria 212 Nevada Ave. • 719-846-7723 121 W. Main St. • 719-846-2750 Las Animas Grill Bob & Earl’s Cafe 341 N. Commerical St. • 719-846-0505 1118 Robinson Ave. • 719-846-0144 Lee’s Bar-B-Q Brix Sports Bar and Grill 825 San Pedro Ave. • 719-846-7621 231 E. Main St. • 719-422-8273 The Lunch Box Buckets BBQ & Wings 107 E. Main St. • 719-845-9999 500 Elm St. • 719-846-8440 McDonald’s Burger King 322 Nevada Ave. • 719-846-3322 1920 Freedom Rd. • 719-846-9445 Mission at the Bell The Cafe 134 W. Main St. • 719-845-1513 135 E. Main St. • 719-846-7119 Moose’s Social Club & Martini Bar Crazy Raven 308 W. Main St. • 719-216-3517 112 N. Commercial St. • 719-422Nana & Nano’s Deli & Pasta House 8711 418 E. Main St. • 719-846-2696 Double D’s Grill Ole’s Cantina at La Quinta 443 N. Commercial St. • 719-4222833 Toupal Dr. • 719-845-0102 8363 Peaks Restaurant & Lounge • Holiday Inn 3130 Santa Fe Trail 719-845-8400 El Rancho 1901 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-9049 Perkatory Coffee House Emily’s Kitchen & Garden 114 E. Main St. Suite B • 719-846-2014 • Mt. Carmel Community Center • Pizza Hut & Wing Street 911 Robinson Ave. • 719-845-4822 2008 Freedom Road • 719-846-8236

Friday ~is Steak Night


308 W. Main Street • Historic Downtown Trinidad • 719-216-3517 More Information at:


Rino’s Italian Restaurant & Steakhouse Stonewall Shopping Bag 400 E. Main St. • 719-845-0949 Safeway – Bakery and Starbucks 457 W. Main St. • 719-846-2246 Sonic Drive-In 642 W. Main St. • 719-845-0402 Sub Shop at the Whistle Stop 313 Nevada Ave. • 719-846-6633 Taco Bell 212 Nevada Ave. • 719-846-7723 Tees me Treat me 105 W. Main St. • 719-846-8634 Tequila’s 9990 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-3514 Tony’s Diner 734 E. Main St. • 719- 846-6000 Tutti Scoops Old World Ice Cream 202 N. Commercial St. • 719-845-8508 Walmart Supercenter - Bakery 2921 Toupal Dr. • 719-846-4477 Wendy’s Old-Fashioned Hamburgers 9960 Santa Fe Trail • 719-845-9143 Wonderful House Chinese Restaurant 415 University St. • 719-845-1888

Weston/Stonewall, Colorado Garlutzo Pizza 6878 CO-12, Stonewall • 719-868-3049 Ringo’s Super Trading Post 23386 CO-12, Weston. • 719-846-7874 Lakeview Restaurant - Monument Lake Resort 4789 Hwy 12. • 719-868-2226 Picketwire Lodge & Store 7600 CO-12, Stonewall. • 719-868-2265

6689 CO-12, Stonewall. • 719-868-2255

Raton, New Mexico

Alfonso’s Mexican Food 412 Clayton Road • 575-445-8022 Arby’s 415 Clayton Rd.. • 575-445-8078 The Art of Snacks 1117 S. Second St. • 507-440-9803 Asian Buffet 1281 S. 2nd St.. • 575-445-9518 Bruno’s Pizza & Wings 133 Cook Avenue. • 575-445-9512 Casa Lemus Inn & Restaurant 350 Clayton Rd.. • 575-445-4024 Denny’s 430 Clayton Rd.. • 575-445-1386 Dominos Pizza 129 Clayton Rd. • 575-245-3030 El Matador 1012 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-9575 Enchanted Grounds Café 111 Park St. • 575-445-2219 Green Chile Grill @ JR’s 1221 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-3567 Ice House 945 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-0003 K-Bob Steakhouse 1228 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-2548 La Cosina Café 745 S. 3rd St. • 575-445-9675 McDonalds 542 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-5569

Family owned & operated for over 30 years

Wed.–Sat. 10:30a.m.–7:30p.m.

Gluten Free Menu Available

418 East Main Street • Historic Downtown Trinidad

719-846-2696 Dine In or Carry Out


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Mulligan’s Restaurant & Bar 473 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-8501 Oasis Restaurant 1445 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-2221 Pappa’s Sweet Shop 1201 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-9811 Stakeout Dining Club, Inc. 200 S. 1st St. • 575-707-7006 Sonic 327 Clayton R. • 575-445-9601 Subway 800 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-9290 Willie’s Smokehouse 1005 S. 2nd St. • 719-680-3607

Cimarron, New Mexico

B-E & US (aka BURRITO BANQUET) Catering 400 E. 10th St. • 505-350-2432 Cimarron’s House of Pizza 253 9th St. • 575-376-2130

Cimarron Mini Mart 31023 US Hwy 64 • 575-643-6862 Cold Beer, NM aka Colfax Tavern & Diner Hwy 64 E SR. 505 • 575-376-222 CREE-MEE Drive-In at Russell’s One Stop Market 31091 hwy 64 • 575-376-2480 Express St. James 617 S. Collison • 575-376-2664 The Porch 9th Street, • 575-376-2228 A TASTE OF CIMARRON 575-376-2706 Ranita’s Restaurant 301 E. 9th St. • 575-376-1034

Mon-Tue 11am-8pm

Thur-Sat 11am-8pm

945 S. 2nd Street

Raton, New Mexico 87740



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Springer, New Mexico Elida’s Café 801 Railroad Ave. • 575-483-7275 Russell’s Truck & Travel Center Subway 1583 Frontage Rd. 4132 • 575-483-5004 Zarya’s Cafe 42 US Hwy 556 • 505-483-2813 Des Moines, New Mexico Sierra Grande Restaurant 6 Sierra Road, Hwy 64/87 • 575-278-2721

Clayton, New Mexico 87 Restaurant 803 S. 1st St. • 575-374-5221 Hotel Eklund Restaurant 15 Main St. • 575-374-2551 Texline, Texas Gracie Wonderful’s 219 Hwy 87 • 806-362-4900

(575) 445-9512 Dine In -or- Carry Out


huerfano / LaS animaS / CoLfax / union

Antiques Dealers & Collectibles

Springer, NM - Cont’d

Antique Avenue

Schwenk’s Antiques

Jespersen’s Cache Antiques 403 Maxwell Ave. • 575-483-2349 - 575-447-0313 Trail Trader 713 3rd St. • 575-445-9016

Walsenburg, Colorado A Little Attic Cimarron, New Mexico 108 W. 6th St. • 719-250-3920 Antiques and So Much More…Déjà vu, Ltd. Courthouse Antiques Across from the St. James • 575-376-2044 525 Main St. • 719-989-8272 611 Main St. • 719-738-2393 Collectors Corner 508 Main St. • 719-890-1033 Everything Nice 529 Main St. • 719-890-1670 The Green Elephant 529 Main St. • 719-890-1670 The Silkworm 106 W. 6th St. • 719-890-4146 Main Street Antiques 527 Main St. • 719-696-5024

716 S. Collison Ave. • 575-376-2044 Terra Java 100 N. Washington Ave. • 575-426-4410

Galleries Dealers & Consultants

Walsenburg, Colorado Museum of Friends 109 E. 6th St. • 719-738-2858 Walsenburg Studio 728 Main St. • 575-200-7354

Cuchara, Colorado Antiques & Junque 137 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-3051

Mon 11am-8pm Tue CLOSED Wed & Thur 11am-8pm Fri & Sat 11am-9pm Sun 12pm-8pm


133 Cook Avenue

Historic Downtown Raton, New Mexico

La Veta, Colorado Desert Expressions 202 S. Main • 719-742-3067 Funky Monkey La Veta, Colorado 206 Main • 719-280-2803 North by Southwest Inner Idea Artist & Whitmore Gallery 205 S. Main St. • 719-742-3067 213 SE Main • 719-742-3622 Trinidad, Colorado La Veta School of the Arts Coin Dancer Antiques 105 W. Ryus Ave. • 719-742-3421 232 E. Main St. • 719-846-0165 Pinon Hill Art Gallery Corral Pawn & Trading 210 Main • 719-742-3666 126 E. Main St. • 719-846-6043 SPACe Gallery Francesca’s Unique Gifts & Furniture 132 W. Ryus Ave. • 719-742-3074 200 N. Commercial St. • 719-845-8508 Trinidad, Colorado Maggie & Moz 113 N. Commercial St. • 719-680-9050 A.R. Mitchell Museum & Gallery 150 E. Main St. • 719-846-4224 Purgatoire River Trading Co. Corazon Gallery 113 E. Main St. 719-845-0202 149 E. Main St. • 719-846-0207 Theresa’s Antiques Corral Pawn & Trading 162 E. Main St. • 719-846-7224 126 E. Main St. • 719-846-6043 Whispering Wind 269 N. Commercial St. • 719-846-0452 Crazy Raven 112 N. Commercial St. • 719-846-8711 Raton, New Mexico Detour Gallery Candelario’s Santa FeTrail Mercado 121 E. Main St. • 719-680-9574 600 Kiowa • 575-447-6014 Heirloom Shop 132 S. 1st St. • 575-445-8876 Flat Mountain Trading Co. 136 N. 2nd St. • 575-303-7275

Hours Viejitos 7am - 8pm Los 600 Kiowa • 575-445-5606 - 505-348-6711 7 days More Junk

575-278-2721 6 Sierra Road~on Hwy 64/87 Des Moines, New Mexico -30-

773 N. 2nd St. • 575-445-8400 Park Avenue Treasures 119 Park Ave. • 719-214-9311 Score 1189 s. 2nd St. • 505-699-5269 The Tool Shed 138 S. 1st St. • 575-445-5300 Springer, New Mexico Dominic’s Indoor Flea Market 703 Third St. • 575-643-5844 Livery Stable Antiques 220 Maxwell Ave. •

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Galleries Dealers & Consultants

Trinidad, CO - Cont.

Francesca’s Unique Gifts & Furniture 200 N. Commercial St. • 719-845-8508 Frank Images 234 N. Commercial St. • 719-846-3685 Fumio Sawa Fine Art 150 E. Main St. • 719-680-0739 Galerie Vivante 214 E. Main St. • 719-334-0087

Trinidad Cont’d

Whispering Wind 269 N. Commercial St. • 719-846-0452

Raton, New Mexico

Candelario’s Santa Fe Trail Mercado 600 Kiowa • 575-447-6014 Heirloom Shop 132 S. First St. • 575-445-8876

Los Viejitos

600 Kiowa • 575-445-5606 - 505-348-6711 The Old Pass Gallery 145 S. 1st St. • 575-445-2052 Park Avenue Treasures Golden Eagle Gallery 149 E. Main St. #6 • 719-859-4287 119 Park Ave. • 719-214-9311 Patchwork Phoenix Hand Forged Iron Works 228 S. 1st St. • 585-445-8000 516 West 1st Street • 214-4576927

Springer, New Mexico

Marketplace Gallery LLC Dominic’s Indoor Flea Market 149 E. Main St. #8 • 719-846-8207 One Raggio! Fine Art Gallery 108 N. Commercial St. • 719-845-8495

Maggie & Moz

703 Third St. • 575-643-5844 Livery Stable Antiques 220 Maxwell Ave.

113 N. Commercial St. • 719-680-9050 Cimarron, New Mexico Cimarron Art Gallery Purgatoire River Trading Co. 337 9th St.575-376-2614 113 E. Main St. 719-845-0202

Studio D’Arte

429 N. Commercial St. • 719-422-8310

Tees me Treat me

105 W. Main St. • 719-846-8634 Theresa’s Antiques 162 E. Main St. • 719-846-7224 Trinidad Photography Gallery 319 West Main Street • 214-336-4229

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Cimarron Blue Moon

341 E. 9th St.575-376-2223 Cimarron Trading Company 300 E. 10th St. • 575-376-1110 L.Martin Pavletich Studio 428 E. 9th St. • 575-635-2829 Rick Enterprises 312 E. 10th St. • 575-376-2449 Susan Norris Artworks 357 9th St. • 575-770-5725

Preservation 1200 Country Rd 580, Gardner • 719-746-2958

Candles & Crafts

Folsom, New Mexico

Trinidad, Colorado

Clayton, New Mexico

Raton, New Mexico

Dino Cornay Art 40 Busey St. • 575-278-3867

Curly’s Bead Emporium 301 W. Main St. • 719-846-8647

Clayton Art Gallery & Community Art Center Patchwork Phoenix 228 S. 1st St. Raton • 585-445-8000 6 Main St.575-374-6333

Design Delights - in the Hotel Eklund Cimarron, New Mexico 15 Main St. • 575-207-6007 Shawna Wright Art

Cimarron Candle Co. 31097 US Hwy 64 • 575-376-9002

Trinidad, Colorado

Trinidad, Colorado

Beauty & Pampering

AP Designs Salon & Boutique 506 5th St. Springer • 575-483-5551 Bombshells Salon & Boutique 500 W. Main St. • 719-846-8665

Moringa Oasis


Game & Sound

Frontier Games

209 E. Main St. • 719-422-9020 Ike’s Music 134 Main St. • 719-680-3817

Trinidad Tech Shop

149 East Main #5 • 970-302-6888 200 E. Elm St. • 719-422-3035

Raton, New Mexico

Carries Honey & More Store 613 S. 2nd St. • 505-570-7676 Katzima Soap Company 1238 Sarazen, • 719-225-3719

Cabinets & Furniture

La Veta, Colorado

Spanish Peaks Celtic Music Festival 105 Ryus Ave. • 719-742-5410

Raton, New Mexico Anthem Music

600 Kiowa • 575-447-1630

Cimarron, New Mexico Springer, New Mexico

Cimarron Canyon Woodworks, Inc. Hampton Land and Lyrics 336 S. Euclid Ave. •575-376-9207 1966 Highway 21 • 575-742-0042

Raton, New Mexico

Woody’s Furniture 139 2nd St. Raton • 575-445-9211

Cimarron, New Mexico Frontier Music Shop 456 E. 9th St. • 575-224-7680


by Shelby


Trinidad’s Gallery Row is the eclectic representation of the culture and people of Southern Colorado. Gallery Row offers four galleries in one location, as well as the Comida Market, at 149 E Main Street. The may look small from the outside, but are packed with creations with the feel of a big-city art district. The galleries each offer a different take on what they bring to the Trinidad Community, and do so with a flair and style that is not the same anywhere else. The artists of Gallery Row represent the roots of Southern Colorado, and celebrate art from around the world.

left-brained person, and sometimes struggles to create flowy, abstract or whimsical art. Her style is more quasi photo-realistic art where she can play with colors more than shapes. Mary loves her art. She knows that she creates lovely, colorful, brilliant watercolors. People say that watercolor is the hardest medium, but Mary finds it fairly easy. With watercolor, the paint moves and flows on its own sometimes – creating magic on your paper. Rebecca Ontiveros (a.k.a. Becki Woo) is a Corazon Artist who lived part time in Trinidad in 2008 before she moved back full time in 2017. After 40 years as an educator in Denver, Trinidad is now her permanent home. Her interest in jewelry started in the 8th grade when she began beading pieces for fun. By the time she was in high school, she was selling Sara Coventry Jewelry via private home jewelry parties. Rebecca made her first silver piece while in college. Although it was a craft class, she fell in love with the art of jewelry silversmithing. In 2009, she started jewelry classes under the direction of Mr. Fermin Garcia, a well-known jewelry creator in Denver, CO. With Mr. Garcia, Becki Woo found interest and experience in the art of Navajo jewelry making. . In 2011, Becki Woo started a five year apprenticeship with Mr. William Gray of Anjevine Custom Jewelry in Cherry Creek, Denver, CO. Under Mr. Gray’s direction Rebecca expanded her skills to include the art of fine jewelry making. Her pieces are a marriage of fine gems and polished or earthy raw stone cabochons presented in metal. “Elegantly Rustic” best describes Rebecca’s pieces.

The oldest gallery is the Corazon Art Gallery, managed by Trish Keck & Mary Byington has been open 25 years. The Corazon Art League features 12 diverse and local artists. As well as having the local artists year-round, they also host art shows featuring art from other nearby areas. The Corazon Art Gallery specializes in pottery, jewelry, oil, and acrylics. The artists who display their work in the gallery are also the people who greet guests as they view the gallery, making it a genuine local artist experience. Everyone who wants to have their art displayed in the gallery must work at least three days a month ensuring they are open seven days a week all summer from 10-5. The Corazon Gallery can be found on Facebook and at The Corazon Art Gallery is a welcoming and open gallery and has regular artists complimented by Guest Artists from around the United States. One of these regulars is Lora Nava, who has been at the gallery for 6 months. The distinct style, that is her own, is loose, funky and full of touch. Her intention is to be in the moment and create dramatic contrast, bringing joy with humor and dualistic imagery. She works primarily with hand building. She uses large coils, of highly grogged sculpture clay, to construct statuary and tiles that can withstand the weather and are durable fired to cone six, around 2200 degrees. A fine art background and knowledge of stone carving and woodworking lends a beautiful dimension to her clay work. Mary Byington is another one of these regular and local artists. She is an expert bookkeeper and QuickBooks Consultant by trade, but on weekends she works on her art. Mary describes herself as a


The Marketplace Gallery greets you with music as soon as you enter into Art Row. This gallery began as a convergence of like-minded friends, and is run by Joanie Hessling, Deborah Bernhardt, and Paula Little. The women met working as co-directors and board members of the Mitchell Museum, and developed their gallery to give the local artists a place to display their work. Marketplace Gallery is displaying many of the artists of this creative district taking over Trinidad. The gallery has been open two years now, features work from over 20 artists, and offers a wide and diverse range of art, including ceramics, steel, jewelry, handmade knives, sculptures, Trinidad souvenirs, fine wood-working, and more.

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As well as events hosted in the gallery like artist openings, Marketplace also puts time and resources into community events in the hallway of Gallery Row, including their popular Countdown to Christmas event, when there are artists, booths, and food, as well as a Winter Flea Market, and a Recycled Robot-Making Workshop. This broad range of events does more than benefit the gallery, or even just the creative district, but really benefits a wide range of community members, and can be a fun event for those passing through.

Frank LaLumia is one of the original artists of Marketplace, and he is a nationally recognized artist, teacher, and author, often featured in magazines like Southwest Art, and Plein-Air Magazine.

Frank was featured in a PBS documentary about art titled, “Painting the American Landscape.” And even though Marketplace represents high quality artists like Frank, they really do offer something for everyone, with many different pricings and creations. They can be found as Marketplace Gallery on Facebook, at, or by email at The gallery can be called at 719-846-8207.

The Golden Eagle Gallery features the work of the artist Carol Bourdo. She went coast to coast in the late 70s, and has been in Trinidad since 1998. Her art is a culmination of the places she has gone, from Alaska to Africa, and she uses the pictures she takes to inspire her creative expression. She has been an artist in Trinidad since 1998, and works with her daughter Lynette, a professional framer who frames all the artwork featured in the gallery, and creates custom frames. One thread weaved throughout The Golden Eagle Gallery is that the artwork puts its subjects in their natural habitats, capturing the feeling and spirit of the life and place. Carol is fulfilled as a pioneer of the creative district in Southern Colorado, displaying her art in Gallery Row. “So many visitors and

tourists stop for the art, there is a local group of over 400 artists,” Carol said. Carol is

a huge part of the art scene, having once had Steve McQueen come into her gallery and commend her artistry, all before she knew who he was. In Trinidad, she participates in Quick Draws at the Baca House for the benefit of the Mitchell Museum, and is an active member of the art community.

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The final gallery of Art Row has been described by The Chronicle as “An art-of-wellness kind of art gallery”. Moringa Oasis, run by Cindy Johnson, is definitely something special. While at a revival in Brazil, Cindy had a vision, and then when she returned home a few months later, a question popped into her head, “What is the healthiest tree on the planet?” After a quick google search, Cindy found that it was a tree relatively undiscovered. She found a miracle, the Moringa Oleifera Tree. In the place where Cindy displays her artwork, she also sells Moringa Oasis, a line of different products infused with healthiest plant of the planet, completely pioneered by Cindy and her husband. She also promotes VoxxLife products, furthering the health and wellness side of her artistry. In her gallery, Cindy features artists and lines from Denver.

Cindy’s art career began long before she found Moringa Oasis in 2015, but her health minded, and body/mind/spirit conscious shop is a work of art in itself. Cindy has been an artist since she was a child, and she embraces a diversity of art in her gallery. Cindy has a website for her products moringaoasis. com, as well as Moringa Oasis on Facebook. Her gallery is open for Summer hours Monday through Saturday from 10-5, or by appointment. Visit online at

• Trinidad’s Gallery Row houses art from world travelers, as well as the local art you cannot find anywhere other than the welcoming art community and creative district of Southern Colorado.


Caught on Canvas Exhibition of Artwork by Wildlife Specialist

Carole Bourdo

One Woman Show Art Classes Available During Exhibition Class Size Limited

Call to Reserve 719-859-4287

Labor Day Weekend

August 30th – September 2nd, 2018 @ the NRA Whittington Center Raton, New Mexico

Michael Martin Murphey’s

American West Fest Art Show & Auction

July 4th - 8th Red River, NM


149 East Main Street • Suite 6 • Historic Downtown Trinidad

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Shopping Cont’d Bead Emporium Fashion, Jewelry Curly’s 301 W. Main St. • 719-846-8647 Dillon Ocanas Tatoo Artist & Gifts (719) 680-0278 • By appointment

Walsenburg, Colorado Get Blown

All Naturals - at the Daily Perks 251 N. Commercial St.. • 417-763-0749 110 E. 5th st. • 719-890-1072 Jupiter’s Child Armida’s Boutique & Stuff 115 N. Commercial St. • 719-859-3711 526 Main St. • 719-738-3288 Hollowpoint Gun Shop 342 W. 7th St. • 719-738-3426 Grandpa & Grandma’s This & That 136 W 7th St. • 719-738-4868 The Wild Flower - in Gardner 25447 Highway 69 • 719-746-2100

Main Street Tattoo Parlor 130 E. Main St. • 719-422-8121 Purgatoire River Trading Company 113 E. Main St. • 719-845-0202

The Bears Den at Cuchara 75 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-3107 Cuchara Country Store & Gifts 34 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-3450 Dakota Dukes 4 Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-5529

Raton, New Mexico

205 E. Main St. • 719-742-3307 Pieces of My Heart 34 Cuchara St. • 719-742-3250 Silvershoe 213 S. Main St. • 719-742-3435

Candelario’s Santa FeTrail Mercado

Tees me Treat me

La Veta, Colorado

105 W. Main St. • 719-846-8634 Teri’s Hallmark & Floral 155 E. Main St. • 719-846-9664

North by Southwest

All Seasons Gift Shop 1616 Cedar Street • 575-445-9889 Anthony’s Jewelers 100 North 2nd • 575-445-2212 Buffalo Chip 144 S. 1st St. • 575-445-7659

Trinidad, Colorado

Bar-K-Corral Boutique

101 E. Main St. • 719-469-4048 Bombshells Salon & Boutique 500 W. Main St. • 719-846-8665

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600 Kiowa • 575-447-6014 Carries’s Honey & More 613 S. 2nd St. • 505-570-7676 Helen’s Gift Shop 409 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-8774 Katzima Soap Company 1238 Sarazen • 719-225-3719

NRA Whittington Center - Gift Shop 34025 US-64. • 575-445-3615 Pack Rat Gifts 134 S. 1st St. • 575-445-3242


Shopping Cont’d

Fashion, Jewelry & Gifts Cont’d

Patchwork Phoenix 228 S. 1st St. • 585-445-8000

Des Moines, NM - Cont’d

Clayton Petals 106 Main St. • 575-374-3500

Design Delights in the Hotel Eklund Solano’s Boot & Western Wear 15 Main St. • 575-207-6007 101 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-2632

Springer, New Mexico

AP Designs - Salon & Boutique 506 5th St. • 575-483-5551 Jespersen’s Cache 403 Maxwell Ave. 575-483-2349 • 575-447-0313 Russell’s Travel Center I-25, Exit 419 N. • 575-482-5004

Cimarron, New Mexico Blue Moon Eclectics 333 E. 9th St. • 575-376-9040 Cimarron Trading Company 300 E. 10th St. • 575-376-1110 Cimarron West 256 10th St. • 575-376-2423 Jones Embroidery 3130 Hwy 64. • 575-376-2343

The Outfitter

129 E. 12th St.. • 575-376-9128

Rocks Ore Minerals

444 E. 9th St. • 575-224-9121 Russell’s One Stop Highway 64. • 575-376-2225 Russell’s Varieties 31083 Hwy 64. • 575-376-2502

Herzstein Museum Gift Shop 22 S. 2nd St. • 575-374-2977 Riley Girls Boutique 118 Main St. • 575-374-9803 Ropes Western & Casual Wear 1107 S. 1st St. • 575-374-8787

Outdoors & Sports Equipment

Walsenburg, Colorado Black Diamond Variety 701 Main St. • 719-738-9906 Pawn Shop 434 W. 7th St.. • 719-738-2530

La Veta, Colorado

Big R Store 1010 Cherry St. • 719-742-3071

Weston, Colorado

Stonewall Shopping Bag

6689 Hwy 12 • 719-868-2255 Weston Supply 16920 Hwy 12 • 719-868-2231

Trinidad, Colorado

Big R of Trinidad 2202 Freedom Rd. • 719-845-1864 Capulin, New Mexico Corral Pawn & Trading Capulin Country Store 37 1st St., Hwy 64/87 • 575-278-3900 126 E. Main St. • 719-846-6043 Sports Des Moines, New Mexico Hibbett 2116 Freedom Rd.. • 719-846-6048 Sierra Grande Restaurant & Gift Shop Pro Shop - Trinidad Golf Course 6 Sierra Rd. - Hwy 64/87 • 575-278-2721 1417 Nolan Dr. • 719-846-4015

Rob’s Gun Shop

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Mon.–Fri. 10am-5pm Sat. 9am-5pm

120 Main St., Aguilar • 719-941-4369

Tees me Treat me – Fly Fishing 105 W. Main St. • 719-846-8634 Topar Off-road Products 13747 US-350 • 719-846-9458 Trinidad Archery & Tackle 1522 S. Oak St.. • 719-680-2527 Ultimate Sports & Nutrition 2505 E. Main St.. • 719-846-8359 Walmart Super Center 2921 Toupal Dr. • 719-846-4477

Solano’s Boot and Western Wear

101 South 2nd Street ~ Historic Downtown Raton 575-445-2632

Raton, New Mexico

High Desert Outdoors 600 Kiowa Ave. • 575-445-7623

Hester’s Motorsports

1190 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-3558 Kmart 1235 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-5588

Cimarron, New Mexico Cimarron Guns N Gear NM-21 • 575-376-2099 Cimarron Trading 300 E. 10th St. • 575-376-1110

Tooth of Time Traders at the Philmont Scout Base

NRA Whittington Center - Gift Shop 21 Caballo Rd. • 575-376-1145 34025 US-64 • 575-445-3615 Raton Outdoors 304 Canyon Dr. • 575- 445-3641

Clayton, New Mexico Knotts Sportsman Supply 1015 S. 1st St. • 575-374-8361

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Huerfano / Las animas / CoLfax / union River’s Edge Bed & Breakfast at Dodgeton Creek Inn 137 E. Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-5169 Walsenburg, Colorado Yellow Pine Guest Ranch Anchor Motel 15880 Hwy 12 • 719-742-3528 1001 South Main St. • 719-738-2800 Van Lue’s Prop. Management & Cabins Best Western Rambler 15880 Hwy 12 • 719-742-5490 457 US Hwy 85/87 • 719-738-1121 La Veta, Colorado Budget Host Motel & RV 553 US Hwy 85/87 • 719-738-3800 1899 B&B Inn Dakota Campground RV Service Center 314 S. Main St. • 719-742-5599 1079 US Hwy 85/87 • 719-738-9912 Adagio House 818 S. Oak St. • 505-466-8385 La Plaza Inn Circle the Wagons RV Park 118 West 6th St. • 719-738-5700 126 Second St. • 719-742-3233 Lathrop State Park Campground 70 County Road 502 • 719-738-2376 Cuchara Cabins & Condo Rentals Our Home Vacation Rental PO Box 823 • 719-742-3340 Cuchara Mountain Escape http://vacationinwalsenbu. 33 Park Road • 719-742-3121 719-890-1072 Cuchara Vacation Rentals 35 Spruce Trail • 719-989-8121 Rio Cucharas Inn 77 CR 504 • 719-738-1282 Hardings Corner Bed & Breakfast 140 W. Grand • 719-742-5423 Sands Motel & Apts. 533 W. 7th St. • 719-738-3827 I Love Lucy’s Place RV Park 226 W. Grand St. • 719-742-325 Cuchara, Colorado Cuchara Cabins & Condo Rentals Inn at the Spanish Peaks B&B 310 E. Francisco • 719-742-5313 PO Box 823 • 719-742-3340 Cuchara Inn & Conference Facilities La Veta Inn 73 E. Cuchara Ave. • 719-742-3685 103 W Ryus • 719-742-5566 La Veta Lakeview Vacation Rental Cuchara Mountain Escape 255 Willis Dr. 33 Park Road • 719-742-3121 Sammie’s Motel & RV Park Cuchara Vacation Rentals 124 N. Main St. • 719-742-5435 35 Spruce Tr • 719-742-3960

Sulphur Springs Guest Ranch 421 Country Rd. • 719-742-5111 The Ranch House Inn 1012 S. Cherry St. • 719-742-5234 Two Fox Cabins & RVs 404 Oak St. • 719-742-0260 The Warehouse Suites 101 East Ryus • 719-742-5278

La Quinta Inn & Suites Wellness Hotel

2833 Toupal Dr. • 719-845-0102 Quality Inn Trinidad 3125 Toupal Dr. • 719-497-8000 Rodeway Inn & RV Park 9800 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-2251 Tower 64 Hotel & RV Stonewall, Colorado 10301 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-3307 Trail’s End Motel Lodge by the Wall, Stonewall Ranch 616 East Main St. • 719-846-4425 6891 Hwy 12 • 719-868-3335 • 719-680-1935 Trinidad Inn & Suites Middle Fork Resort 702 West Main St. • 719-846-2271 6878 Hwy 12 • 720-445-1195 • 719-868-3049 Trinidad Super 8 Motel Monument Lake Resort 1924 Freedom Rd. • 719-846-8280 4789 HYW 12 • 719-868-2226 Tarabino Inn & Gallery Picketwire Lodge & Store 310 East Second St.719-846-2115 7600 Hwy 12 • 719-868-2265

Raton, New Mexico

Stonewall Shopping Bag–RV Park Casa Lemus 6689 Hwy 12, • 719-868-2252 300 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-2737 Stonewall Lodge & RV Park Best Western 6673 Hwy 12 • 719-868-2294

Aguilar, Colorado

473 Clayton Rd • 575-445-8501 Budget Host Raton 136 Canyon Dr. • 575-445-3655

Trinidad, Colorado

46020 I-25 • 575-445-8500

Spanish Peaks Inn - Gulnare 22590 C.R. 41.6 #10 • 719-941-4288

Raton Pass Camp

Raton Pass Motor Inn Cawthon Motel & RV Park 1701 Santa Fe Trail • 719-846-3303 308 Canyon Dr. • 575-45-3641 Raton Peak Inn Days Inn & Suites 900W. Adams Street • 1-800-225-3297 200 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-2791 Heart’s Desire B&B Frontier Motel 815 Goddard Ave. • 719-846-2261 301 S. 3rd St. • 575-445-1000 Heart of Trinidad Bed & Breakfast Holiday Inn Express 402 West Main St. • 719-422-9494 101 Card Ave. • 575-445-1500 Maverick Motel Holiday Inn Hotel & Suites 3130 Santa Fe Trail • 719-845-8400 1510 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-3792

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Raton, NM - Cont’d

Microtel 1640 Cedar St. • 575-445-9100 Travelodge 1600 Cedar St. • 505-933-7489

NRA Whittington Center Highway 64 • 575-445-3615 Oasis Motel 1445 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-2221 Quality Inn 533 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-4200 Raton KOA Campground 1330 S. 2nd St • 575-445-3488 Raton Pass Motor Inn 308 Canyon Dr. • 575-445-3641 Robin Hood Motel 1354 S. 2nd St. • 575-445-5577 Super 8 1610 Cedar St. • 575-445-2355 Travel Motel 400 Clayton Rd. • 575-445-5503 Summerlan RV Park 1900 S. Cedar • 575-445-9536 Willow Springs RV Park 1025 Frontage Rd. • 575-445-1200

Cimarron, New Mexico

Blue Dragonfly Inn Bed & Breakfast 600 W. 18th St. • (575) 425-0005 Casa Del Gavilin 518 NM-21 • 575-376-2246 Cimarron Inn & RV Park 212 E 10th St. • 575-376- 2268

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Express St. James Hotel 617 S Collison Ave. • 575-376-2664 Ponil Campgrounds 31130 US HWY 64 • 575-376-2343 The Lodge at Angel Fire 10 Miller Ln. Angel Fire • 800-633-7463

Springer, New Mexico Broken Arrow Motel

811 Maxwell ave. • 575 483 3021

Oasis Motel

1001 Railroad Ave. • 575 483 2777

Des Moines, New Mexico M & M Inn 647 Broadway Ave. • 575-278-3031

Clayton, New Mexico

Best Western Kokopelli 702 S. First St. • 575-374-2589 Clayton Motel 422 Monroe St. • 575-374-2544 Clayton RV Park 903 S. 5th St. • 575-374-9508 Coyote Keeths RV Park 1 Mary Bird Ln. • 575-447-5566 Days Inn and Suites 1120 S. 1st St. • 575-374-0133 Holiday Motel 70 Raton Hwy - Hwy 87 • 575-374-2558

Hotel Eklund

15 Main St. • 575-374-2551 Santa Fe Trail Inn 412 N. 1st St. • 575-374-9839 Super 8 Hotel 1425 S. 1st St. • 575-224-6087





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Last Light Photography photo:



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extracts that provides a cleaner and even more potent product with virtually limitless applications. Basically,

the entire SFE extraction is completed, then there is a process called winterization that refined the product using another solvent like ethanol to remove any unwanted compounds. In addition to winterization, the isolated cannabinoids must be decarboxylated, meaning that the compounds are heated enough to activate their medicinal potential. Finally, the product is run through a distillation chamber several times to ensure the purity of the desired compound usually either THC or CBD. Distillates found in cartridges are typically more potent than regular CO2 cartridges and can be more flavorful.

The industry is continuously creating more ways for us to enjoy cannabis for recreational and medicinal purposes. Cartridges are the leaders in providing When shopping for pre-filled cartridges, there are many different easy-to-use, portable, high potency products. There is options regarding hardware. You can try a pre-filled, pre-charged a myriad of options when it comes to choosing your disposable vape pen. Disposables have a set number of hits that favorite cartridge, so always ask your budtender for their can be taken before the oil runs out or the battery does. Afterward, recommendations. They can help you find a cartridge they can be thrown away. Alternatively, you can opt for a separate to fit your individual needs, and you can experiment a cartridge that screws onto a battery with 510 threading. The with disposables, batteries, CO2, and distillates. battery option is trendy because if they have a 510 threading, cartridges across different brands will be compatible. As long as the battery stays charged, you’re good to go. The only exception to this is when companies create specialized batteries to work with their cartridges. For example, the Indigo Pro or Pax Era Pod cartridges are designed to only work with their own vape/ battery system.

Happy Vaping!

Q: So, what exactly is inside cartridges? Cartridges fall under the cannabis concentrate

umbrella because, like other concentrates, they are made through a process of cannabis extraction. Solvents like propane, butane, ethanol, or carbon dioxide (CO2) can be used to reduce cannabis to its most essential compounds effectively. In this case, after the extraction process what is left is high potency


More Information at:

Health and Holistic Healing by Ivory Raye, ND A Board Certified and Registered Naturopathic Doctor

As I reflect on the totality of holistic health, I decided to review some of the definitions of health. The World Health Organization defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being”. By those standards, we see that many people are not experiencing health to its fullest extent. I also read health being described as “the state of being free from illness or injury”, and it immediately made me think of “freedom to be....a person’s most vibrant, authentic, and energetic self”. With that being said, I believe that throughout our lives, we have opportunities to work on finding balance and regaining or returning to optimal health. Sometimes we are free and fully expressed, feeling physically, mentally and socially well. Other times, our vital force or health state becomes out of balance, and there is room for improvement.

ailments that arise from generational healing that needs to occur. Find those imbalances and then support the person in restoring health and happiness. How do we do that? It depends. There are many avenues to healing. When I work with a patient, I complete a full assessment and in a sense become a medical detective using labs and pattern recognition. I also find that being present, compassionate and educating the patient to become empowered in their healing process is invaluable. When we understand what’s happening, why, and what we can do about it, we become more enrolled in bringing in practices that aid in restoring our health. As health practitioners and healers, it is important to give our patients and clients the tools they need to succeed in regaining optimal health. Sometimes this is a physical assessment where we help the patient identify infection and how to remove it. Sometimes it’s hearing a person’s story and letting them know they are not alone. Other times, it’s educating the patient about their choices and supporting them as they make informed decisions based on their goals and beliefs. And often it’s a co-creation of health that occurs when the practitioner and the patient become partners in the patient’s journey to health, happiness, and balance.

We are blessed with many wonderful holistic providers, here in Southern Colorado. To make appointments with Jenny for Acutonics, Acutonics/Reiki combination, Shamanic Reiki, or Massage Call Ritual Room Yoga & Holistics at 719-859-2403. We are located at 114 N Commercial St. in Trinidad. If you wish to make an appointment with Dr. Ivory Raye, please call her at 719-201-5589. Located at 165 E First St. in Trinidad. For Kundalini Yoga, please visit their website at To learn more about Ayurvedic workshops with Jennifer So how do we regain optimal health, and how Allen call 928-607-5647. If you need references for does the holistic health care model play a role? other healing modalities please call Ritual Room. As a Naturopathic Doctor, I was trained to always look for “the root cause of illness or imbalance”. What does that really mean? It means that each person is an individual with a story and a journey that lead him or her to their current state of health. Understanding that person, their journey, and patterns of dis-ease helps to identify how to remove those obstacles to feeling great and restore the vital force or vitality that allows each of us enjoy this life. The definition of health stated that not only does one feel “well” physically, but also mentally and socially. Thus, healing can and should occur on all levels. Find the root cause of illness, whether it be from a physical ailment such as chronic infection, inflammation, stress, or nutrient deficiency; a mental ailment from abuse or neglect, or trans-generational More Information at:


HealtH & Wellness

Sangre de Cristo Region Long Term Care Health Care Facilities Colfax 3311 Prospect • 575-483-3300

Walsenburg, Colorado

Springer Family Health Care Spanish Peaks Regional Health Center 306 Colbert Ave • 575-483-5947 23500 U.S. Hwy 160(719) 738-5100 Cimarron, New Mexico Spanish Peaks Veterans Community Cimarron Healthcare Clinic Living Center 23500 U.S. Hwy 160 • 1-800-645-VETS (8387) 356 9th St. • 575-376-2402

Cayton, New Mexico

La Veta, Colorado La Veta Clinic 908 Oak St. • 719-742-5147

Trinidad, Colorado

Mt. Carmel Health & Wellness

Clayton Nursing & Rehab Center 419 Harding Street. • 575-374-2353 Union County General Hospital 300 Wilson Street • 575-374-2585

911 Robinson Ave. • 719-845-4880 Mt. San Rafael Hospital 410 Benedicta Ave. • 719-846-9213

Raton, New Mexico

La Familia Primary Care 190 Hospital Dr. • 505-445-5563, 575-445-5563

Miners Colfax County Medical Center

Acute Care 203 Hospital Dr. • 575-445-7700 Long Term Care 900 South 6th St. • 575-4445-3661 VA Raton Clinic 1275 South 2nd St. • 575-445-2391

Springer, New Mexico El Centro Family Health 403 Prospect Ave. • 575-483-0282

Locally Owned and Operated Retail and Compounding Pharmacies

The Medicine Shoppe offers free delivery to Raton, Springer, and Cimarron

824 East Main Street • Trinidad

Monday-Friday 9-6 • Saturday 9-1 • Closed Sunday


1275A South 2nd Street • Raton

Monday-Friday 8-6 • Saturday 9-3 • Sunday 9-1


Knowledgeable Staff • Quick Service Prescription Delivery • Prescription Compounding

What a Pharmacy Was Meant to Be -50-

More Information at:

Springer Best Care Pharmacy 307 Maxwell Ave. • 575-483-3002

Clayton, New Mexico City Drug Co. 7 Main St. • 575-374-9121

Health, Fitness & Nutrition Walsenburg, Colorado All Naturals on 5th


Walsenburg, Colorado Star Drug Inc. 628 Main St. • 719-738-1130

Trinidad, Colorado Hometown Pharmacy

824 E. Main St. • 719-845-0069 Safeway Pharmacy 457 W. Main St. • 719-846-2246 Walmart Supercenter Pharmacy 2921 Toupal Dr. • 719-846-4477

Raton, New Mexico

110 E. 5th St. • 719-251-2752 Mountain Harmony Natural Foods 321 W. 7th St. • 719-738-2436

Trinidad, Colorado Comida Market Co-op Grocer 131 E. Main St. • 719-846-7869

Moringa Oasis

149 E. Main St. #5 • 970-302-6888

Hot Yoga on Main

134 W. Main St. #23 • 719-846-2246 Natural Food Store 316 Prospect St. • 719-846-7577

Ritual Room

1275 S 2nd St. • 575-445-0075 Mesa Pharmacy 1279 S. 2nd St. • 575-245-6372

114 N. Commercial St. • 719-859-2403 TSJC Holistic Health & Massage Therapy 600 Prospect Street, Trinidad • 719-846-5468 Ultimate Sports & Nutrition 2505 E. Main St.. • 719-846-8359

Mesa Pharmacy 308 Colbert Ave. • 575-483-2288

HarmonyPath, Inc. 210 S. 3rd St. • 575-445-8890

The Medicine Shoppe Pharmacy

Springer, New Mexico

More Information at:

Raton, New Mexico


birthday, which validates the positive impact of her service.

Empowered Beginnings and Small Wonders

by Darby


Dee also offers “Compassionate Cesarean Plans” where she provides similar relaxation techniques to mother’s who are not able to deliver naturally. Dee will provide neck massages for mothers who often experience referred pain during the operation. She will also provide encouraging words, so the mother can experience the birth even though she is numb. She also reassures mothers that are still birthing their baby who chose to come out this way, helping to eliminate feelings of fear and guilt. Dee will then either stay with the mother or go with the baby to the nursery so her partner can provide support to her while the operation is completed. Having a Doula in the delivery room has shown to decrease the amount of medical interventions including: caesarean sections, oxytocin, pain medication and epidurals. Studies have also shown that there is a 35 percent decrease in negative birth experiences for mothers who have the emotional, physical, and informational support of a trained Doula during labor.

One of the most significant and exciting times in any parents’ life is the birth of their child. However, in the Age of Information, new parents often encounter conflicting and contradictory advice from wellintentioned medical staff, family members, and the media which can lead to confusion and fear. One way to navigate this complicated time is by hiring a birth doula. Dee Sheridan, a registered nurse, birth doula and parenting instructor, was inspired to enter the profession after having her three children and attending a home birth of a friend. While living in Boulder, Dee owned “Small Wonders Childbirth.” Her practice included attending over 500 births, teaching to over 1,000 parents as a Childbirth Educator, and producing the ” Small Wonders Childbirth, DVD. In the late summer of 2016, Dee and her husband Ken Sammons, owner of Sammons Plumbing and Heating, were looking to downsize both their home and their community. They found Trinidad was the quiet, service minded community they were looking for. They purchased a home and officially moved in August 2017. Dee did not waste any time putting her extensive skill set to work, obtaining a job at the Miner’s Colfax Medical Center in Raton as a Quality Director, analyzing and working to modernize policy and systems within the hospital. In addition to her work at Miner’s Colfax, Dee has begun Birth Doula Training classes as a way to pass the torch and extend this incredible and much needed service to more families in Southern Colorado and Northern New Mexico. According to Dee, doula is a Greek word meaning highest servant and has been a part of the birthing tradition throughout history. She explains, in modern times a doula is considered a trained professional who provides continuous emotional, physical, and informational support for mothers before, during, and shortly after childbirth. The practice includes, but is not limited to, working with the family prior to the birth to outline birth wishes and education specific to the family she is serving. Birth education includes knowing the stages of labor and medical terminology so that the family can make informed decisions during the birth. The “Birth Wish Plan,” can include the family’s desires for the actual labor, as well as, learning massage techniques, personalized meditation, and deciding on who will be in the room during the delivery.

Dee is hoping to continue training and mentoring the next generation of Doulas. Gina Ojeda, former manager of Hot Yoga on Main and licensed massage therapist, has elevated her service to working with pregnant woman through her emerging business, “Empowered Beginnings.” In addition to taking Dee’s classes, she is trained in pregnancy and infant massage and is training to become a lactation consultant and provide placenta encapsulation for new moms. Gina and Dee have worked with Miner’s Colfax to offer Doula services for natural and cesarean sections, as well as provide onsite lactation consulting for all moms. Additionally, Dee is working with a Telehealth application called “OTTO,” that will allow her to serve mother’s from anywhere in the world.

Dee envisions helping more women to become professional doulas so they can empower their own lives and the lives of those around them. She feels this service will help grow a community of healthy moms, babies, and families. Her advice for families preparing to bring a child into this world, “Trust your intuition. Every labor and delivery is different. Make all decisions out of love and everything will be alright.” Dee can be contacted through her website

During labor, a doula helps mothers avoid unnecessary discomfort though guided breathing, meditation and massage; reassuring the partners of what is normal; helping the family enact their birth wishes; and making informed decisions using a model she named BRAIN: Benefits, Risks, Alternatives, Intuition, and (what happens if I do) Nothing. Following labor, a doula can help the parents to bond with the child, provide breast-feeding instruction and guidance, and assess for postpartum depression. Dee and the incredible women that she trains also provide a written birth story for the family to keep. According to Dee, many of her family’s read the birth story every year on the child’s -52-

More Information at:

Exciting News at Mt. San Rafael Hospital Mt. San Rafael Hospital is thrilled to announce the facility’s Capital Improvement Project is officially underway! The Capital Improvement Project is a multi-phase, approximately $36 million facility modernization plan which will take about three years to complete. Funding for this project comes from several sources including a low-interest USDA loan and grants, to name a few. This facility enhancement project strives to better serve the healthcare needs our patients and the community, while ensuring we make the facility easier to navigate for patients and families. Our plans tailor the layout of the facility to the needs of our patients and ensure we maximize available space – while looking to the future of healthcare for the Las Animas County area. To kick off the project, various departments and personnel were relocated to new spaces in order to prepare for the demolition of the Southeast Wing of the Hospital (which currently houses offices and ancillary services). Part of the relocation process included moving the Cashier’s office and the Hospital’s Billing Department to their new home within the Specialty Clinic. To pay your hospital bill or address a billing question you are now directed to the Mt. San Rafael Hospital Specialty Clinic located at 328 Bonaventure Avenue in Suite 4. You can also call (719) 845-4208 with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your hospital bill. Additionally, some of our providers have changed offices as well. At the Specialty Clinic, Dr. Reitter is now seeing patients in Suite 3. And, at the Hospital Clinic, Dr. Jun Flores is seeing patients in Suite E and Dr. Elizabeth Catherall is seeing patients in Suite B.

We are also pleased to announce the addition of Damian Mizera, MD – an orthopedic surgeon – to our Specialty Clinic team. Dr. Mizera will be joining the Surgical Team late this summer. Recruitment and retention of the best providers for our community are always incredibly important to us and we believe we found the perfect fit for our area in Dr. Mizera. We are excited to share such positive news about the Hospital and Clinics. And, we are eager for our building project to be fully underway so everyone can see the steps we are taking to improve both care and services in our facility. Throughout it all, we remain singularly focused on our mission to provide the highest quality healthcare to the communities we serve and in a manner where patients receive compassionate and personalized care.

For more information on Mt. San Rafael Hospital or our Capital Improvement Project, please contact Kim As we continue through the Summer and Fall, Lucero, Director of Planning and Development, at Phase One of this 24-36 month project includes: (719) 846-8053 or via email at You can also follow our progress online via Facebook • Demolition of Southeast Wing of the Hospital or at • Replacement of Emergency Department • Replacement of Patient Care Unit (PCU) • New Imaging Center (Radiology) The latest developments for our Capital Improvement Project will be shared with various local organizations, communicated through the hospital newsletter, local media and other outlets to ensure the community is informed of our progress. More Information at:


Salud Family Health Centers (Salud) is excited to be part of the Trinidad community! We opened our new clinic on January 8th and ready to serve you and your family. Salud is a private, non-profit. We are a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) operating 13 clinic locations and a mobile unit. Salud’s main administrative site is located in Fort Lupton, where we were initially founded to serve the area’s farmworker health care needs. Our humble beginnings in 1970 including providing services out of an onion shed. Forty-eight years later, Salud is a robust health care system, providing integrated and quality medical, dental, pharmacy and behavioral health care services. Even with tremendous growth, we remain true to our roots of providing access to individuals and communities in need. Salud’s Mission is to provide quality, integrated healthcare home to the communities we serve.

Canvas & Conversations at Mt. CarMel

Salud’s CEO, John Santistevan, is a Trinidad native, and is “very excited and looks forward to continue to build on the health care home foundation that the former Mt. Carmel Medical Clinic has established.” The Mt. Carmel Salud currently provides the following services; family medicine, pediatric services, behavioral health, wellness and disease prevention, pregnancy care, gynecological services, and occupational therapy. Services are designed to keep you and your family healthy. Salud is currently pursuing funding to bring dental health services to the clinic. We are seeking funding to cover renovation/ construction and equipment costs. The Mt. Carmel Salud clinic also supports programs funded by various grants. Examples include a diabetes education program funded by the Colorado Health Foundation and a hypertension program to help patients better manage their blood pressure, funded by CDPHE (Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment). This last program is possible through a partnership with Mount San Rafael Hospital and Clinic and Huerfano Las Animas Bi-County Health Department. Danielle Kolakowski, the Center Director, is “looking forward to supporting these programs that will help patients better manage their overall health.” The Mt. Carmel Salud clinic employ many of the existing Mt. Carmel clinic staff along with some new faces. With the addition of enrollment services, we have added an enrollment staff member to help patients enroll in insurance programs. We also added a LPN to the nurse team, and a new physician will start in April 2018. We will soon add a Behavioral Health provider, funded by a grant through the Colorado Health Foundation.

Salud is open Monday-Friday from 7am-7pm. Call us today at (719) 422-8800 to find our more or schedule an appointment. Salud accepts Medicaid, Medicare, CHP+, and most private insurance plans. Salud offers a sliding fee payment scale based on family size and income. -54-

More Information at:

Trinidad Community Foundation

Group, Branson School Forensics, FNB Back to School Drive, Hope Pregnancy, LAC 4-H Shooting Sports, Noah’s Ark Animal Welfare, Organized Youth for Empowerment, ReGroup Recycling Program. Historic Preservation: Culebra Range Foundation for Water Festival, Trinidadio Blues Festival, Trinidad Lake State Park-Carpios Ridge ADA trail, Earth Mountain Education Farm – TAC Documentation of HT Church Restoration, United Methodist Church, Trinidad History Museum, A.R. Mitchell Museum, Louden-Henritze Archeology Museum, Purgatoire River Anglers & Trout Unlimited. Terra Firma Recycling, Southern Colorado coal Miners Memorial, Colorado Homesteading in Purgatoire River Region.

Since its creation in 2006, Trinidad Community Foundation (TCF) has been a resource for enhancing and developing the quality of life in Las Animas County. Over the years, TCF has contributed close to $300,000 to organizations and projects in Las Animas County. “Prior to the foundation forming, TCF conducted a survey to Communication: Segundo Senior Center, Harry Sayre Sr. Center, Inc- Homecare Trinidad, Fisher’s Peak Soup Kitchen, Aguilar determine the community’s view of what the local area Seniors, Food Pantry, Trinidad Police Canine Unit, Hispanic Chamber of needed most,” said retired Marine Lou Simpleman, Commerce, SF Trail Historic Byways, Colorado PTAC, Hometown President of the Trinidad Community Foundation. Citizens Holidays, Special Olympics, Hope Pregnancy, Purgatoire Watershed identified five pillars, health and wellness, education, Partnership historical preservation, recreation, and communications, Why Giving Is So Important where TCF could complement the efforts of others who were working hard to improve the quality of life in the The Trinidad Community Foundation allows people to join forces with on projects of mutual interest and to give back to Trinidad and area. Health and wellness and education were at the top others Las Animas County, for now and for the future. The various ways to of the list. contribute provide flexibility. The size of the contribution does not matter The Trinidad Community Foundation’s “culture of giving” sees its role as complementing the work of organizations in these areas by providing grants and supporting projects that they initiate. Who supports TCF?

TCF invites you to join us as we build...for now. By providing grants in the areas of education, health and wellness, recreation, historic preservation, and communication. By establishing gift and special project funds. By facilitating collaborations between non-profits, civic organizations, government, business and community groups And as we build for the future... By establishing permanent funds that give back to the community forever. By creating opportunities for donors to establish a personal, business, group, or family legacy. By nurturing and enhancing our community’s strengths and assets.

TCF is a Community Foundation and, as such, funded primarily by the citizens it supports. Fund-raising strategies include memberships, and these members recruit long-term financing from a ‘Managed Giving Strategy,’ according to Colonel Simpleman. “The foundation builds permanent and non-permanent funds through gifts contributed by many donors. TCF fund types include Donor Advised Funds, Donor Restricted Funds, Field of Interest Funds, General Community and Special Project Funds,” mentions Simpleman during a recent interview. “We’re here to

proclaim and celebrate our history, while we prosper our future!” exclaims Simpleman.

as much as becoming a member of TCF to make our community better. Donors may join with annual contributions or establishing a fund at TCF can create a legacy. Named permanent funds give back to the community forever, making a gift even more meaningful. Funds can memorialize a loved one; honor an inspiring teacher, coach, or pastor. TCF funds can also be established to support specific causes or organizations that are meaningful to the donor.

Louis Simpleman - Board of Directors

Who has received TCF funds? Health and Wellness: Samaritan Clinic, Advocates Against Domestic Violence, Sangre de Cristo Hospice. Mt. San Rafael Hospital, Cancer Alliance, Mt. Carmel H & W Community Center, Pueblo Child Advocacy Center, South Co Developmental Disability Service, LAC Prevention Partners, Trinidad Autism Awareness Group, and LAC Health Service District. Education: Trinidad/Raton Home School Program, Red Rocks 4-H Club, SO Co Family Center, TSD #1: TLAC Chamber of Commerce Jr. Achievement, Trinidad Middle School M.E.S.A., and Computer projector/camera, Holy Trinity Academy Math calculators, Carnegie Public Library- Young Adults Media Room, Hoehne School-Library Media, FFA, Cheerleading Team, Trinidad Cheer, Holy Trinity School, TSJC College for Kids and Robotics Club, Upward Bound Boy Scout Troup 269, Girl Scout Troup 30344, Trinidad’s Friday Nite Live Youth

More Information at:

For additional information contact: The Trinidad Community Foundation 136 W. Main St., Room 204 Trinidad, CO 81082 Phone (719) 846-5940 Administration/Office Hours 12:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. M - F -55-

Guitar was next on the list after piano proficiency. He began to play the six-stringed instrument of the gods at the ripe age of twenty-five. This surprised me actually. One would suspect he began learning chords while still in the womb. Ike shows incredible technical skill and I’d bet money he can play behind his back with eyes closed.

Spotlight on Ike’s Music Let the Good times RoLL

by: Eulalia


“How many roads must a man walk down before you call him a man?” Those are heavy words emanating from the iconic Bob Dylan. I noticed the Dylan poster on Dwight’s (Ike’s) guitar ridden walls at his shop. Ike’s Music has a brand-new location at 103 W. Main St. Suite 24. This gorgeous historical building is complete with cherubs looking down upon you from high ceilings. An interesting photo on the wall grabs my attention, Ike with his arm around Bonnie Raitt. That made me raise an eyebrow or two. So, grab a cup of coffee, sit down, and let’s get to know Ike. He majored in Radio and Television with an emphasis in Audio Engineering out of San Francisco State in 2010. Two very exciting and fast paced internships soon followed. Alice 97.3 FM was the first, a popular station owned by CBS. His extensive work there involved the production side as well as promotions. Michael Franti and Sammy Hagar were just a few big names to grace the studio. The second internship was with Studio D Recording out of Sausalito, CA. This ends up becoming an exciting five-year commitment with the studio. From it, Ike lands an exciting gig as Bonnie Raitt’s very own rehearsal technician before a big tour. My mouth hit the floor as he described how cool it was to get to know her. All the hustle and bustle came about later on in Ike’s life, but his musical career began much earlier than this. He grew up in a musical home environment and began to play the piano as a young boy in church. This felt forced in the beginning as he did not want this initially, but he ended up appreciating this inevitable push into music. Hailing from an entire family of musicians this flow just happened naturally.

I asked Ike about his musical influences and there is one artist who really takes the cake. “Bob Dylan is one of the greatest songwriters out there in my opinion and has always had an incredible command of the English language.” -56-

I asked Ike about his vision for Trinidad, Colorado. “My goal in moving here and opening up the store is to help and progress the music scene here in Trinidad in anyway, shape, or form.” He’s an active member on the Chamber of Commerce and the Historical Mainstreet Board. He’s promoting shows, venues, and encouraging artist development. Worth noting, he produced Christmas themed music by Father Raleigh of Holy Innocents Catholic Church, which may grace our local radio station for the holidays. Ike is helping to change our community from the inside out. “This community is growing. So let’s grow it into something we want it to be.” He teaches guitar lessons and leads a praise and worship band on Sundays at the Trinidad Correctional Facility. So far there are eight men rocking out together and really enjoying it. “The guys have a tremendous amount of time on their hands.” What a great way for the inmates to spend their time productively and creatively. There is talk about a future concert at a local church for our listening pleasure in late summer. Ike also performs a lot of technical and instrumental repairs on their equipment as they are not in the best condition. Bring your stringed instruments to his shop when they need a little TLC. Ike treats every musical instrument in his hands with the utmost respect. He effortlessly restrung a guitar during our interview and polished it up beautifully without skipping a beat in conversation. Are you a musician in need of a professionalquality production? All of your recording desires can be accomplished here. Artist development in Trinidad is part of his vision. Let Ike help you turn your dreams into reality. Are you interested in brushing up on your own skills? Ike offers lessons in guitar, bass, piano, drums, and even violin. If you’d like to purchase a quality guitar or other stringed instrument that’s affordable, look no further. He offers a unique selection of new and gently used instruments and equipment at an affordable price.

If you are a musician looking to get in front of an audience and have a great time, listen up. Every Sunday at Las Animas Grill from 5-8pm Ike runs a pretty impressive Open Mic. Check out his website, You can also find him on Facebook under Ike’s Music. Swing by the shop sometime soon and get to know him for yourself.

More Information at:


Corazόn de Trinidad Creative District: Making Space to Create in Trinidad

Entertainment District activity, Trinidaddio Pre-fest Street Party, 2017

by Marilyn


Trinidad, the picturesque stop on I-25 you made on your way traveling to other places, is becoming THE place for creative people to live and work affordably in Southern Colorado. Plans which began in the summer of 2015 to provide permanently affordable live/work space for the creative sector – Space to Create Colorado – are finally becoming reality. How did Trinidad become so fortunate? It wasn’t magic. It took state and community leadership and vision, backed with five years of hard work and coordinated action, to help prepare the downtown as a place for creative and entrepreneurial people to work, gather, and make a home. It all began in 2010 when the Colorado legislature established Colorado Creative Industries (CCI) as a division of the Office of Economic Development and International Trade (OEDIT). CCI was designated to oversee formation and administration of Colorado Creative Districts the following year. Trinidad saw the program as a natural fit, and along with 48 other communities, applied for Creative District designation through a rigorous process. Applicants certified demonstrate a concentration of vigorous arts and culture, walkability, and longterm plans for sustainability that can attract artists and creative entrepreneurs,infusing innovation, new energy, and economic activity.

Architect’s Rendering: potential façade design

From the outset, the Creative District has also worked to increase Trinidad’s visibility regionally, state-wide, and nationally by participating in summits, conferences, trainings and gatherings, including Arts Advocacy Days at the State Capitol. District board members also sit on state boards, working to strengthen broad relationships and partnerships.

All efforts paid off when Governor Hickenlooper announced in 2015 that Trinidad was selected for the Space to Create Colorado demonstration project. Eventually, a total of nine such projects will be established in small rural and mountain communities. Trinidad leads the way! The Space to Create program’s lead consultant is Artspace, a Minneapolis-based non-profit that uses real estate development tools to create large, affordable, appropriate places where artists and creative entrepreneurs can live and work. Artspace has a 36year history with over 40 successful projects in use, and more in the development stage. Colorado partners include OEDIT, CCI, Boettcher Foundation, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Colorado Housing and Finance Authority, History Colorado, the City of Trinidad and the Creative District. Significantly, the City of Trinidad is squarely behind this endeavor, contributing $2.8 million toward the estimated $18 million project. This is the dream team of partnerships! After site visits from Space to Create partners, public meetings, and a Feasibility Study, it was determined that Trinidad’s main location would comprise three vacant historic buildings on Main Street, an entire city block. Based on results of an Artspace Market Survey, the project was quickly expanded to include nearby vacant property for additional live/work units. When complete, Space to Create Trinidad will see a total of 41 affordable units in the two locations.

Trinidad was awarded emerging status in 2012 as “Corazόn de Trinidad Creative District” and became fully certified in 2013. There are currently 21 Colorado Creative Districts with recertification required every five years. The varied Space to Create Ground Breaking Creative Districts are urban and Space to Create Trinidad will do more rural, small and large, with varied focus, and with a broad range than provide affordable housing options in the downtown core. It is of organizational structures and missions, depending on the needs designed to include approximately 20,000 square feet of street level of the community. There is no cookie-cutter approach and multi-use community space, including gallery, retail, workshop/studio, each celebrates the unique identity of the community. classroom, and special event venues. Criteria for specific uses will Since certification, the Creative District completed a comprehensive Downtown Community Assessment and Theory of Change training that it uses to guide long-term planning, decision-making, and additional training opportunities. The District also created branding and logo designs, held community meetings, developed and maintained a website, and further developed its organizational structure by obtaining Colorado 501(c)3 non-profit status and Enterprise Zone designation to assist in fundraising efforts. The District acts as a catalyst and provides support, promotional consideration, and direction to area arts-based programs and projects for Trinidad, such as the recent Poetry Festival and Chalk Art events in May, and the Music and Lyrics Festival in June.


include sustainability, income-production, and best use, with Creative District offices housed there.

The City of Trinidad and the Corazόn de Trinidad Creative District greatly appreciate the community’s support for this transformational project. The strength of that support brought this project into being and will take it far into the future, with the model presented to other developers interested in Trinidad’s continued success.

After a June 11, 2018 groundbreaking, the dreams are reality. Watch for the ribboncutting in late summer of 2019. Space to Create Trinidad! More Information at:


Historical Fort Wootton in Trinidad, Colorado, “a WPA era fortress commemorating the United States of America’s Veteran,” takes up half a city block at the corner of 1st Street and Chestnut Street. Described as the “most complete war memorial in the nation,” six veterans’ groups teamed up with the WPA and county labor to build this elaborately furnished building in 1936-37. The imposing structure of native stone once represented The United Spanish War Veterans, The American Legion, The Veterans of Foreign Wars, The Disabled American Veterans, Sons of Union Veterans and Sons of Confederate Veterans. However, since the early 1950s, it was repurposed for the Las Animas County Department of Human Services, who recently moved to a remodeled space in the County Courthouse.

SUMMARY Fort Wootton, built in 1937 as a hub for veteran’s services and recently deeded back to the LAC Veterans Council, will now be preserved as a “Venue for Veterans” and other service organizations. Its large auditorium, administrative offices, and individual meeting huts, once considered the most impressive veterans memorial in the country, will soon be restored. Tuesday, May 1, 2018, the Las Animas County Commission dedicated a “48 Star USA Flag” donated by Marjorie Lewis Brown Campbell, Daughters of the American Revolution-Santa Fe Trail Chapter, which is now located in the Court House foyer. Then on Tuesday, May 17, the LAVC defended the transfer of the building at the Las Animas County Commission’s meeting. The resolution returning the facility to Las Animas County Veteran Council to serve its original purpose – services for all military veterans, was approved by County Commissioners’ Mack Louden, Luis Lopez II and Dean Moulter. The Las Animas County Veterans Council will assume ownership of Fort Wootton on June 30, 2018.

SUPPORT OUR VETERANS The Las Animas Veterans Council (LACVC) needs YOUR ideas and creativity to operate and maintain Fort Wootton for Las Animas County veterans who number over 1,700, These veterans served from World War II to Viet Nam, and from the Korean War to the Iraq and Afghanistan campaigns. The building will serve also as a resource area for police, firemen and community service personnel, both active and retired. With the ownership deed in hand, LA County Veterans Council can now seek funding and matching grants for operational costs, while they create multiple office spaces and offer the building a much needed spruce up. Share your support for Fort Wootton’s historical legacy preservation. Several fund raising events are being planned.

FOR MORE INFORMATION please contact Luton Dawes at (cell: 719-845-7370), Colorado Floors & Blinds, 249 N. Commercial Street or Email: In August of 2012, The Las Animas County Veterans Council or (LAVC), under the leadership of Luton Dawes and David Walker, surveyed the building to assess modifications required before a change in occupancy could be considered. By October of 2015, Dawes and Walker drafted a “Business Strategy for Fort Wooton”. “The goal is to preserve and maintain the historical building so that a comprehensive center for veteran’s services, as well as affordable space for non-profit and service organizations, will be centrally located in Trinidad,” comments Dawes.

In early spring, 2017, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Las Animas County Board of Commissioners and the Las Animas County Veterans Council, a 501(c)(3) non profit organization, was agreed to, detailing the Veteran’s intention to assume Fort Wootton Memorial Square when the County’s DHS moved over to the courthouse. The Fort Wootton management team, made up of local veterans and other members of the community, are determined to create a community-gathering place, but more specifically to re-purpose this facility to its original purpose - a location for veterans to obtain a variety of services, host events and offer other non-profits affordable operating spaces.

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left to right : luton



Ken BecK, linda WalKer, William PhilliPs, daWes, david WalKer, ray odum. the l as a nimas c ounty v eterans c ouncil . -59-

Kate! Doc! Is that You? A flea market find in Australia could be the discovery of the American century

C 2018 by Jan

MacKell Collins

In 2007, retired aircraft engineer John Bullock was perusing the contents of a “Trash and Treasure” market near his home in Australia when two portraits caught his eye. The matching gilded brass

ical societies, libraries, museums and historians in California, Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Missouri and Texas. Notable contacts have included Doc Holliday biographers Glenn Boyer, Robert McCubbin, Gary Roberts and Karen Holliday Tanner, as well as numerous other researchers and historians. The responses have ranged from positive to doubtful. Closer to home, Bullock also sought the professional opinions of experts in Australia. One of them, Anatomy Prof. Maciej Henneberg of southern Australia’s Adelaide Medical School, compared the portraits with known photos of Kate and Doc and confirmed Bullock’s suspicions. Other consultations were made with Pinnacle Times, a division of the Queen Victoria Museum in nearby Launceston, and the Tasmanian Photographic Museum which identified the portraits as albumen prints circa 1870—1880.

frames with convex oval glass were obviously antique, and Bullock thought that they would go nicely in his 1826 home. The seller said they came from a farmhouse in nearby Huonville. Bullock, who mostly wanted John Henry “Doc” Holliday the portraits for their impressive frames, scored the pair for about $100.00 USD. The subjects of the colorized portraits proved quite intriguing, and even seemed vaguely familiar to Bullock. One night, according to Bullock, he had an epiphany that caused him to sit bolt upright in bed. The portraits, he realized, bore a striking resemblance to the famed John Henry “Doc” Holliday and his paramour, “Big Nose Kate” Haroney. After consulting a book containing a picture of Holliday, Bullock was sure he had made a most interesting discovery.

Bullock’s quest for the truth intensified in 2011 when he found a third portrait of Doc’s cousin, Robert Holliday, at Gowans Auction House in Tasmania. Robert’s portrait has an identical frame and similar markings on the back, including a penciled inscription indicating it possibly was taken on June 23. “Our vendor says she got it from a tip shop,” Gowans emailed from Australia, “but that’s all she knows.” In Australia, “tip shops” typically sell items rescued from the garbage. Findings like Bullock’s are not unusual. In 1989, a Pennsylvania man found an original copy of the Declaration of Independence hidden in a $4 flea mar-

Bullock immediately began researching the dynamic duo and the portraits. A round blue ket frame. In 2011, a rare tintype of Robert stamp on the back of each one read “I D E. Lee surfaced at a Goodwill store in West Co”. Also stamped on the back of each Virginia. Most recently, a previously unportrait were the numbers 169 and 170, “Big Nose Kate” Haroney known image of Billy the Kid was purwhich Bullock believes corresponded chased for $10 at a flea market in North to the negatives and indicates they were Carolina. In Bullock’s case, there is one taken consecutively. The number “23-4” important issue to be resolved. was also scribbled in pencil across the back of each portrait, which may or may not indicate a date of “All of the people recite the same tale, proveApril 23. nance provenance provenance,” he wrote in 2010, “so it looks like I may have to get this For years now, Bullock has continued reprovenance to hopefully prove where these searching the portraits in hopes of auphotos came from.” thenticating them. Local inquiries yielded nothing, so he began consulting with AmerBullock believes that William Staples, an ican historians. The initial responses were itinerant photographer who lived in Holapathetic at best. liday’s hometown of Atlanta, Georgia in 1876, may have taken the images. Staples “It seems that many of the people I am tryhad his studio about a year, according to Ating to communicate with are not interested lanta historian E. Lee Eltzroth, who noted that in helping me with this project, but will not between 1868 and 1892 Staples worked tell me why,” he wrote in 2008. “Perhaps in North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, they think it is a hoax or too good to be Robert Holliday Texas, Indiana and Tennessee before distrue.” appearing in 1893. Staples also rendered Bullock refused to give up. Inquiries were made to histor- crayon portraits under the Ideal Crayon Company. Still, -60-

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Gamblers & Gun-totinG ladies by:

Bob Silva

Cards and guns during the 1800s in North America was an everyday occurrence. Everywhere one turned someone would be shuffling, dealing cards, or calling them. It was a form of entertainment that cost many men their hard earned money and for others their lives, but let’s stop right there - did I say men? Yes, men were the dominant gamblers at the card tables and it didn’t matter if it was a game of faro, blackjack or five-card draw. There were the card sharks - professional card players; then there were the cardsharps – also professional card players, but with the ability to cheat at the table.

Alice was educated and math came easy to her in school, therefore she found gambling was her cup of tea, and a way to make a living. In 1874, she visited Silver City, New Mexico and proved quickly that

But stand aside men, these lady gamblers are coming through and they plan to run the tables on you. Yes, that’s right, as there were many excellent lady gamblers at a time when it was wild and rough with many unsavory characters roaming the Southwest, but the ladies Faro table knew how to protect their own interest, relying on their 38 calibers, Poker alice or the like thereof. Getting smart with these ladies wasn’t in the cards she was the best of the best when she sat down at the faro table. Hand as they too were very good at handling a gun; if all else failed, their after hand, Poker Alice raked in the chips until she had taken in one long hair pins might drive home the point they wanted to convey – hundred and fifty thousand dollars and broken the bank. hands off. Poker Alice was one of the finest gamblers that made the circuit, but There were many ladies that gambled and played cards, but the she was far from naïve when it came to safety. Poker Alice had been majority of the ladies were a bit more discreet, as their games were taught by her father at the age of twelve how to shoot a gun, and she kept private. stood with the best of gunmen. Her proficiency with a gun served her Ladies at the card tables were few, but when one appeared most men well at least three times during her gambling career. Once a drunken wanted to play at their tables. The ladies had higher odds for winning miner pulled a knife at a gambling table, but soon became acquainted as the men would be distracted and the lady gamblers took advantage with a bullet from Poker Alice’s 38 caliber pistol. Another incident at her home involved a couple of soldiers that were destroying her of that opportunity. house; again Poker Alice and her 38 gained respect.

One of the great gamblers and one who was very good with a gun was Poker Alice.

Poker Alice (Alice Ivars Tubbs) (1851-1930) – Poker Alice was one of the best known female poker players that made the rounds during the days of the Wild West. Mining towns in Colorado were popular for gamblers and Poker Alice circulated through notably Trinidad, Georgetown, Central City, Alamosa, and other mining towns. Poker Alice had everything going for her as she had come from Virginia where she had attended a girl’s finishing school, before heading west and winding up in Colorado. Poker Alice was a beautiful lady with blue eyes, petite at 5’4” with nice brown hair. Poker Alice wore the finest of gowns from New York City and was a crowd pleaser. Her features were a plus when dealing and playing faro, blackjack or five-card draw. During the 1800s, it appeared that circumstances had much to do with what options a lady had if they lost their spouse. This was the case when Poker Alice’s husband was killed in a mining explosion. Poker More Information at:

Besides being called Poker Alice throughout the West, residents in Deadwood, South Dakota referred to her as the Faro Queen of Deadwood. In her later years of life, Poker Alice estimated that she had won a mere $250,000 during her lifetime at the card tables. The life of Poker Alice is one amazing story and the late Elizabeth Taylor played her part in the movie titled, “Poker Alice.”

Bandit Queen (Taylor Hart) - Trinidad, Colorado was one of the favorite entertainment towns during the 1800s. Around 1898, the train pulled in and Taylor Hart would go on to entertain the men as a saloon singer. Hart moved to Phoenix and eventually to Tucson, AZ. In Tucson, the Bandit Queen and a friend decided to rob a stagecoach. Hart cut her hair short, put on some men’s clothes and carried a 38 revolver. Hart was captured, but played up the part of a bandit and gained attention to the point of being named the Bandit Queen. The Bandit Queen would go to prison for 18 months for tampering with United States mail, but would receive extra perks from the warden in prison as her celebrity status continued. The Bandit Queen would be the only female stage coach robber in Arizona history. -61-

Other lady gamblers that had an amazing life at the card tables or on the western frontier were: a. Martha Jane Canary, was also known as Calamity Jane. She was one of the toughest ladies that could ride, rope, curse with the best, and drink and gamble. Wild Bill Hickok was her friend until he was shot in a card game. Calamity Jane died in Deadwood as a poor lady at the age of 53 in 1903.

i. Minnie Smith, was also known as Dirty Alice – In Colorado City, CO she went on to bull whip a cheating gambler. Dirty Alice owned saloons and bordellos. She took her life with morphine and is buried at the Evergreen cemetery in Colorado Springs. Her estate remains in question.

Calamity Jane Dirty aliCe

b. Kitty Leroy, was a very good faro and poker player, plus straight shooting – I suspect that she had a few notches on her pistol grips. (Deadwood, SD).

j. Eleanora Dumont, was a great blackjack player that owned a gambling house in Nevada City. A scoundrel of a husband took all her money. The burden led her into prostitution and then death at the age of 50. Eleanora Dumont was buried in Nevada City, CA.

c. Belle Ryan Cora, was a business lady that went into owning a casino and bordello in San Francisco. She died at the age of 30 after her husband was hung.

k. Jenny Rowe, was also known as the Bandit Gambler or Jenny on the Green. The Bandit Gambler joined up with Curly Smith, an outlaw. Jenny was a good faro player. Kitty leroy

d. Gertrudis Maria Barcelo, owned one of the finest gambling houses & bordellos in Santa Fe, NM. During the Mexican American war (1846) she gave information to Americans about Mexican war planning. Barcelo died the richest lady in Santa Fe. e. Belle Siddons, became known as one of the finest lady gamblers in the West. Belle drifted from Deadwood to Denver, Cripple Creek, El Paso, Tombstone, and San Francisco. f. Lottie Deno, was one of the most talented gamblers to play 5-card draw. The story is that she took Doc Holiday for some $30,000 at a card table. Lottie Deno became known as the Angel of San Antonio. g. Kate O’Leary, owned a dance hall and bordello in the 1870s. An orphan girl came into her life that changed her wild ways of living. h. Belle Starr, was a gun toting gambler with nerves of steel. Belle Starr supported the Confederate cause in Missouri during the Civil War (1861-1865) and supplied Quantrill and his guerillas with Union information. Belle Starr became known as, Quantrill’s Little Secret.


Belle Starr

l. Mary Hamlin, became known as the Diamond Gambler after she and a couple of con men took a banker for a million dollars. The banker was made to believe that he was purchasing a diamond mine. Hamlin was very good at 5-card draw.

Through the years, some writers have written about some of these very intriguing ladies of the 1800s. Not enough can be said about their lives at the card tables or with a gun. Some went on to make lives for themselves in their later years, but many didn’t reach their later years. When it came to lady gamblers, gun-toting ladies, madams or their soiled doves it appears that their professions demanded too much of the their good will and in doing so destroyed many of them though drugs, alcohol and poison. So what did these professional lady gamblers have in common? Answer: They were all in it for the money and held the Aces in their hands, or should I say 3 Aces. The 3 Aces were: Saloons (alcohol), Card rooms (gambling) and Bordellos (ladies – soiled doves).

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Doc Holliday The Desperado by Linda


“John ‘Doc’ Holliday [is] one of the most noted desperadoes in the West. In comparison, Billy the Kid, or any other of the many Western desperadoes who have recently met their fate, fade into insignificance. The murders committed by him are counted by the scores, and his other crimes are legion. For years he has roamed the West, gaining his living by gambling, robbery and murder. In the Southwest his name is a terror. In fact, he is no other a personage than the leader of the murderous gang of cowboys who have been lately operating in the vicinity of Tombstone, Arizona, and the head of the lawless element of Tucson, Arizona.” This wholly inaccurate article appeared in the May 16, l882, issue of the Denver Republican. It was only one of many that exaggerated the criminal life of John Henry “Doc” Holliday. In the fall of 1881, Doc Holliday rode with Wyatt Earp on the legendary Vendetta ride against the cowboys who had murdered Morgan Earp and maimed Virgil Earp. At no time did Holliday ride with, let alone lead, the cowboy faction of Tucson, Arizona. Holliday’s reputation as a drunkard and killer was greatly enhanced by none other than Bartholomew William Barclay “Bat” Masterson. In 1907, Masterson wrote a lengthy article regarding Holliday. Of the relationship between the two men, Masterson wrote, “I put up with Doc for the sake of Wyatt Earp.” Describing the man he disliked, Masterson had this to say: “Of mean disposition, ungovernable temper, and a most dangerous man. If there was anything Holliday loved better than a poker game, it was conflict.” Conversely, Wyatt Earp always spoke highly of his friend, Doc Holliday. He once related: “I am a friend of Doc Holliday because when I was city marshal of Dodge City, Kansas, he came to my rescue and saved my life when I was surrounded by desperadoes.” At Trinidad’s Imperial Saloon on April 16, 1882, John Allen quarreled with Cockeyed Frank Loving, an old gambling friend of Holliday’s from Dodge City, Kansas. When Allen pulled his gun and mortally wounded Loving, Bat Masterson stepped in and calmed the crowd. The next day Masterson was sworn in as marshal of Trinidad by the town fathers. Not long after Masterson had settled into his new job Wyatt Earp and his posse, including Wyatt’s youngest brother Warren, Doc Holliday, Texas Jack Vermillion, Sherman McMasters and Turkey Creek Jack Johnson, arrived at the train depot at El Moro, very near Trinidad. Masterson joined them for a final meeting before everyone went their separate ways. However, Holliday rather enjoyed the gambling establishments of Trinidad and chose to stay for an extended period of time. Apparently that sentiment was not reciprocated by all in Trinidad as the Trinidad News of May 4, 1882, did not make mention of Doc Holliday.

“Messrs. Wyatt and Warren Earp are still with us. Their brothers went South Wednesday morning. Again the News takes great pleasure in saying they are all ‘way up’ boys gentlemen of the first order.”

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This was not Doc Holliday’s first visit to Trinidad. He and his paramour, “Big Nose” Kate Elder, a prostitute also known as Mary Katherine Harony, had spent a short time there in December 1878. According to Masterson, the dysfunctional couple left dry dusty Dodge City, Kansas, for Holliday’s health. Again, Masterson, who was in Dodge City at the time, described Holliday:

“It was easily seen that he was not a healthy man for he not only looked the part, but he incessantly coughed it as well.” According to Masterson, approximately a week after Holliday arrived in Trinidad, “he shot and seriously wounded a young sport by the name of Kid Colton over a trivial matter.” Wyatt Earp also recalled the incident, although he referred to the victim as Kid Dalton. However, there is no record of this altercation, either in the newspapers or in Holliday’s criminal record. Nevertheless, Holliday and Big Nose Kate left Trinidad in a heavy snowstorm bound for Las Vegas, New Mexico. On May 5, 1882, the Earp brothers, along with Masterson and Holliday, went to Pueblo, where they took in the prize fight between Byron Campbell and Thomas B. Walling. Within the first few rounds the fight became a farce as there was no referee. Following the fight, the group said their goodbyes and Holliday and Masterson returned to Trinidad. For the next five days Holliday gambled in the various saloons and hotels in Trinidad. On May 10, Holliday left Trinidad for Pueblo. It would be the last time he would ever visit southern Colorado. Settling in at Pueblo, Holliday made a point to introduce himself to the local law enforcement. When he met with Pueblo chief of police, Patrick Desmond, Holliday realized the two were old acquaintances from their time with the Royal Gorge War in 1878. The Pueblo Chieftain of May 17, 1882, reported on Holliday’s stay in their city: “He [Holliday] made no effort to conceal his identity, and when questioned as to his doings in Arizona, said he had nothing to fear from that quarter, as he had received full pardon from the governor for his bloody work, in consideration of the effective services he had rendered to the authorities.” The gunfighter-dentist must have believed his good public persona would help him set his reputation straight. It was not to be. Due to his sordid past deeds it was that reputation that followed him rather than the one he was trying to improve. When another reporter peppered him with questions about his past, Holliday had had enough. He replied: “I’m not traveling about the country in search of notoriety, and I think you newspaper fellows have already had a fair hack at me.”

In a strange way, Holliday’s reputation seems to have helped him. From the time Doc Holliday left Trinidad until his Colorado death in Leadville in 1887, he was involved in only one more deadly shooting. -63-



by Susan Adair


Upon meeting a couple of friends on a guided tour of the Cokedale Mining Museum, I expected to learn local history and inspect artifacts. I didn’t expect to hear ghosts. The Cokedale Mining Museum is housed in the building that John D. Rockefeller, Sr. constructed as a mercantile in 1907. A general store for the mining company community, in the mercantile the miners could spend the company scrip with which they were paid to purchase household goods and food. (Later they were paid in cash.) It’s a substantial building now owned by the Town of Cokedale. David E. Harris, current Volunteer Director and my husband, has been providing tours upon request since 2001. The friends who joined us that afternoon were scientists, as skeptical as anyone can be. I’m open to new information, but I had been in the building many times and never noticed anything unusual. (Maybe the key word there is noticed.) The three of us sat, listening to David’s account of local mining history, fascinated by the perspectives he offers from his extensive reading. Someone was working upstairs on the mezzanine—clattering and pounding. I thought the noise was rude. Surely the work could have been postponed until after the tour. When his talk ended, I told David what I thought of the inconsiderate worker. He grinned.

“We’re the only ones in the museum,” he said. “We passed the custodian working in the field as we drove up, and I’m the one who unlocked the door.” Museum Our friends remained silent. I could almost hear them mentally reassuring themselves there was a perfectly reasonable explanation for the noise. Later, David told me he likes to watch the faces of visitors to the museum when they hear footsteps, voices, or other sounds. He sees them turn their heads, looking for the source. Only a few realize what they may be hearing and ask him about it. Two female visitors who later identified themselves as sensitives-one of whom had lived in Cokedale-were alarmed by the many presences they felt - especially a dark entity upstairs that one woman found so intimidating she literally ran away from it. Guests have reported having their hair pulled or being pushed. Tales of apparitions of both humans and animals are common among the residents of Cokedale—especially before unnerving events such as an earthquake, although not all residents accept the idea. Like me before my tour, skeptics discount odd sounds as typical of old buildings and active imaginations. Ironically, the spirits in the museum seem to be contrary. David reports that visitors who come to the museum wanting to encounter spirits rarely do. Suddenly the building falls silent. Once the guests leave, the footsteps and voices resume. Perhaps an exception, three ghost-hunting teams have investigated the


Cokedale Coke Ovens spaces, most recently the night of February 9, 2018, when Paul Hill and his team from visited. They concluded the building is definitely haunted after they caught what sounded like a child giggling on their voice recorder, a voice no one heard physically as they stood there asking questions. Another strong indication of a responsive spirit occurred when the investigators used small Maglite flashlights to establish the energy of an entity was able to turn the lights on and off upon request. (Videos of these observations and more can

be viewed on his website under “Investigation Blog.”)

Glenda McMaster grew up in Cokedale, so when she and her husband Michael assumed the duties of curators of the museum (now retired), they had an idea of the experiences they might encounter. Even they were impressed when they witnessed full-body apparitions. Glenda describes a small girl wearing a white dress with ringlets in her hair. She suggests the spirit might belong to a three-year-old who was crushed by a truck after she fell from a wagon into the road. Glenda provides a detailed picture of the upstairs entity from her sighting—a man in brown pants, a tan shirt with a vest, and heavy boots. He’s often carrying a gun. Speculation has it that he may be the echo or spirit of a guard who once stood upstairs with a shotgun, ensuring payday passed peacefully. Glenda’s husband witnessed two apparitions during the long hours he spent working in the building. The first, a young woman approximately 16-18 years of age, seemed happy as she appeared in her floor-length cream-colored skirt and pink long-sleeved blouse. She often “bumped” Michael to say hello when no one else was present. The second apparition was a man in a white shirt and dark pants who often carried a rifle—perhaps the same man seen by his wife. Why certain spirits may opt to stay in places they knew when they were alive is a question for others to answer. Are they shadows of what has gone before or the essences of people reluctant to leave the familiar for whatever lies beyond? Regardless of the answer, the ghosts of Cokedale seem benign. The McMasters report the ghosts like being greeted by those they trust— which doesn’t make them so different from the living after all. To schedule an historic tour of the Cokedale Mining Museum, please contact Museum Director David Harris at 719-859-3452.

DEATH LOST DOMINION:This fast-paced, deeply moving novel proves it’s how you cope with adversity that matters. Gritty and romantic, dark and uplifting, THE WOMAN WHO SAW SOULS asks the big questions. Both novels are available for purchase in print or e-book from, Barnes & Noble, and other online book retailers. To contact Susan Adair Harris: websites  and her blog,  You can follow her via two public Facebook pages: Susan Adair Harris, Author  and  Personal Journeys with Gramma  Email: More Information at:

Summer Hatmaking Class grows in popularity

many as Hatmaker for the Movies. His custom made hats have graced the heads of ow in its fourth year, Trinidad Sam Elliot, Sharon Stone and Val Kilmer. State’s Southern Rockies Heritage He made two for President Ronald Reagan. School Hatmaking Class He takes two weeks each summer and continues to grow in popularity. On day passes on what he knows at a week-long one there were nine students, one teacher class in Trinidad and and a total of 29 hats. another at Trinidad Everything’s done by Seventeen were blanks, ready to be formed and hand, which is the way it State’s Alamosa Campus. At the end of customized, a few were was done 100 years ago. five days all the students examples. Most of the will take home a brand new beaver and rest rode in atop their owners, sporting rabbit fur hat – most will take home two. the scars and stains of everyday use. You


see, many of these students feel more comfortable wearing a hat day or night, indoors or out. And what better place to sport a hat than at a class on hatmaking.

The laid back leader is Tom Hirt of Penrose, Colorado, known by Instructor Tom Hirt forms a hat using steam

There are enough steps and nuances to the process, along with specialized tools, that if would be very difficult to learn this through a book or video. This class fits perfectly with the Heritage School’s goal of preserving arts and crafts that might otherwise be lost. Hirt’s techniques use few mechanical tools. “Everything’s done by hand,” said Hirt. “Which is the way it was done 100 years ago.”

Dave Wade (left) of Rye, CO and Chad Hart (right) of Lamar, CO “This class is turning out to be a fun thing, sharing what I know. I can’t tell you how many calls I got about this class. It’s really catching on, which is what we want. Everybody here is going to tell somebody else.” With the earthy wisdom of a cowboy Hirt mused, “Someday I’m going to die and look at everybody who has had a chance enjoy this. That’s kind of the Jerry Papke, 93, of Bullhead City, rhythm of life.” AZ shows the two hats he made

The five-day Hatmaking Class is offered every summer at Trinidad State’s Southern Rockies Heritage School in Trinidad and then again in Alamosa. For more information call Donna at 719 846-5724 or

Enroll Now!

Classes start August 20 Get training in fields like: • • • • •

Nursing Welding Heavy Equipment Gunsmithing and more!

Las Animas and Huerfano county residents get 20% off tuition* *Learn Local Scholarship: must take at least 15 credit hours and reside in Huerfano or Las Animas counties.

TRINIDAD STATE • 1-800-621-TSJC • • 600 Prospect, Trinidad, CO -65-

Stonewall Century Ride 2018 This year marks the 15th Annual Stonewall Century Ride, to be held on August 11. The Stonewall Century Ride is a 102 out-and-back ride from La Veta to Segundo Colorado, with over 7,500 feet of elevation. It is scenic, challenging, and the food is delicious - and bicyling a century ride probably makes it taste even better! You can also choose to ride 25 and 50 mile segments if you’re not ready for the full 100+ mile ride.

The Stonewall Century Ride is hosted by the Spanish Peaks Cycling Association, founded in 2002 by Sue Wyman, and now a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The ride is organized by Kent Hay and Kerrie Meyler of Spanish Peaks Cycling. Spanish Peaks Cycling also holds bicycle repair clinics (fix your bike - for free) and school safety talks and rodeos. Proceeds from the Stonewall ride are donated to the Stonewall Fire Protection Auxiliary, La Veta Fire Protection Auxiliary, La Veta Public Library, and the La Veta School District (RE-2).

For information on the Stonewall Century Ride and to register, visit O r c h e c k o u t fa c e b o o k at Keep up with all the events & activities throughout our region:


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Monument Lake Resort

Lake View Restaurant

for s n o i t a er v s e R on s g a n i e k S a T mer ember m u S the Sept May


Mountain Lake Trout Fishing

Rustic Cabins • Lodge Rooms • RV Sites • Tent Sites

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photography by Steve Wharton

Monument Lake Resort

Stonewall Morning Moon

Lake View Restaurant


7600 CO-12

on the Historic Highway of Legends


Stonewall Colorado


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720-445-1195 6878 Highway 12 Stonewall, Colorado

enjoy New York Style Pizza

Bar & Restaurant

Community Welcomes You! on the

Scenic Highway of Legends



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Funky Monkey Pooh? by

Elisa Ingoldby

Love stories are the best, and everyone likes a good one. This love story happens to be about friends, family, art and bringing together the community of La Veta, Colorado. Funky Monkey Pooh is the brainchild of Mark and Tanya White and their son Matthew. Originally from Boulder, the family moved to La Veta five years ago.

Looking to make a buck at the farmers market when Matthew was nine and just learning how to cook, Tanya suggested Matthew sell his yummy chocolate treats and call them “Funky Monkey Pooh.” Having traveled to the jungles of the Amazon on backpacking trips, I guess Matthew’s treats look like pooh? Well, the treats didn’t fly like monkeys, but the name stuck. The next adventure became buying a school bus and having a traveling art gallery to sell the chocolates. On display was Tanya’s art, as well as and her mother, Lone Ewing originally from Denmark - and her unusual clay sculptures. Due to local restrictions with a business on wheels, the bus sat and so did the art, ideas and creative juices.

Enter John and April Buchschacher and their four artistic children; Savannah, Loralei, London, Scarlett who lived in Dallas with family roots to the La Veta area. Spring break of 2017, April and John rented Tanya and Mark’s house on Air BnB for a week. It was love at first breakfast. The couples and their children hit it off and all fell in love. Tanya and April shared their love of art, community and family. They became best friends instantly.

At the beginning of summer, Tanya and Mark had the opportunity to rent an open space when the local gym moved down the street. They jumped on the chance and decided if the market or a bus

didn’t work, why not a studio. Finally, the “Funky Monkey” was born and they dropped the “pooh” in the bucket. Looking for a lifestyle change, wanting different schools, more outdoors and an overall safer experience for their family, April and John planned to rent a home for the summer and find a place to live. The night before they left Dallas, Tanya called April and said, “Hey, I have some studio space, bring your paintings!” For most of that summer, Lone had a wonderful work space in the back and was working with her daughter and new friend April to show off their beautiful and unique art. Tanya and April put new meaning to finger painting. To watch these artists in action is not what anyone would expect. That, however, is what makes this studio different! The art gallery is their studio and they have live painting always happening. Whether it’s the artist themselves, children, or random people walking in to view their art. After deciding to close shop for the winter, all art removed, the walls of the now newly bought building revealed a stunning original brick wall, tall ceilings with the old wood rafters and an exceptional, comfortable space to create and just be.

According to April, the Funky Monkey is a “Working Art Gallery,” with many missions. The Funky Monkey Art Space’s perspective as a community gallery serves all ages and welcomes you to experience the artistic process. By collaborating with other artists, Tanya and April provide the opportunity for community involvement and creativity. Events such as “Wine and Canvas,” “Wine and Sculptor” classes, jewelry making, art journaling, rock painting and art therapy are offered for locals and guests. Tanya, a licensed social worker and therapist, looks forward to helping people relieve stress, find their creative center and to create flow in life, art and love. Probing personal participation, a most unusual feature of the Funky Monkey, provides a welcome variation for the annual summer gallery tour. “This is where we DO art! Not just buy art, or sit in cozy furniture and use Wi-Fi, but forget your computer and get your fingers in some paint to create!” says Tanya convincingly. The official grand opening held May 26th focused on fun, food and friends all surrounding the foursome -Tanya, Matthew, Lone and April. Funky Monkey is now open seven days a week, 10 – 7, at 206 Main, just three doors south from the famous Charlie’s Market! If you’d like more information, contact Tanya or April at 719-280-2803.

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LIL’ SMOKEY’S PIG DAYS OF SUMMER Dog Days of Summer? Why do the dogs get all the attention? Waggy tails, drooly jowls, pathetic eyes. Come on? What is wrong with the smarter animal? The Pig Days of summer are here! And what is the Pig About Town (at least La Veta and Cuchara) going to do?

First a little education- why do they call it “dog days”? It is the sultry part of summer when Sirius, the Dog Star, rises at the same time as the sun. Described as a period marked by lethargy, inactivity, or indolence. That may be the Dog Days of Summer, but it doesn’t describe the Pig Days of Summer, especially if you are Pig about Town…a Pig Star, so to speak. Summer really seems to start with a bang when Fourth of July comes around on the calendar. This year it is easy to make Fourth of July choices as the 4th occurs in the middle of the week. Cuchara has the best Fourth of July parade on of all days…the Fourth of July! Our tiny hamlet swells with the summer guests and everyone turns out for the parade. Then, La Veta will have their Fourth of July parade on the Saturday July, 7th. A 7th of July parade just doesn’t have the ring, nonetheless, the parade is awesome. So awesome it goes around the block and comes back down Main Street. It is so cool! Firetrucks and horses, kids on bikes and floats and tractors, candy, candy, candy and sometimes even a pig—oh my. The parade coincides with La Veta’s famous Art in the Park happening both Saturday and Sunday in our beautiful little town park. Lots of artsy vendors, good food, and entertainment. Everyone brings their dog! So many dogs; So few pigs.

During the Pig Days of Summer, you will generally find us in the coolest spots. In the soft dirt of the shade loving flowers; Mom yelling because we are smashing them flat. Then rooting in the vegetable garden until we get caught. Smack dab in front of the air conditioner if we are so lucky to be in the house. Just about the time we are getting rested up and cooled down, another great event happens in our Valley. Huajatolla Heritage Festival will again be in the lovely La Veta Town Park. Friday August 3 from 5:00pm7:00pm, Saturday August 4th from 9:00am-7:00pm and Sunday the 5th from 10:00 am-4:00pm. This is my favorite. All about cultural literacy honoring the Native American and Hispanic cultures through art, education and presentation. The Festival will feature Tim Nevaquaya a renowned flute player and artist; Red Feather Woman an award-winning singer and storyteller as well as performances by the Southern Ute Dancers. Something awesome on the stage all day long. Great vendors. Good food…oh such good food (I am a pig remember). This is the Festival I get to attend. I am not much of a dancer or singer or artist, but I like to think I am a pretty good storyteller…so maybe I will get a top billing also.

berfest in La Veta. Always the first Saturday of October , this year plan to attend on October 6th, and now in its 32nd year of celebration. Main Street in La Veta closes and is lined with vendors, good food, old cars and a Beer Garden with great music. Traditionally, early October is one of the best and prettiest times of year; gorgeous colors and cool sunshine…Now what isn’t to love about that?

Those are my favorite major events. Yet, every week there is an astonishing variety of live music. Check out Deerprint Bistro or The Mercantile in La Veta or the Dog Bar in Cuchara and you will be amazed at the quality and diversity of the live music that graces the Cuchara Valley. And there is also the 4th Friday Art Walks in La Veta from 5:00pm-7:00pm; a great chance to meet the talented artists and share good food and cold libations.

Next there is the Stonewall Century Ride Saturday, August 11th. La Veta overflows with people in tight shorts, snug helmets and expensive bicycles. They ride from La Veta to Cuchara over Cuchara Pass to Stonewall…and then turn around and follow the same route back. One hundred miles, thusly a Century ride. Makes my little hams just ache thinking about it. (Did you know at the La Veta Public Library you not only can check out books and movies, you can check out bicycles for two hours at a time?) Summer comes to a close with one of the best events of the year, Okto-72-

Stonewall Century Ride More Information at:

Then, of course, there is my favorite: Every Thursday from 3:00pm-6:00pm in the courtyard between the Library and Museum right on Main Street, we have a Farmer’s Market. Now, what isn’t there for a piggy to love about fresh produce, organic goodies, plants, breads, pies and more. MMMMMMM….another slice of watermelon, please. Whew…so much for a little pig to do in the Pig Days of Summer!

La Veta, Colorado The well-established art colony of La Veta sits at the base of the Spanish Peaks Mountains. The native Comanche called the twin peaks “Wahatoyas”, loosely translated, “Breasts of Mother Earth.” Drink in the vivid sites of the Cuchara Valley, feeding your desire for exploration. History buffs have got to visit Francisco Fort Museum. Art connoisseurs partake in the numerous performing venues and visual art galleries. Plenty of cattle and elk ranches combine with outdoor trails to gratify the spirits of cowboys, mountaineers and biker cultures.

Cuchara, Colorado

Centered in the heart of the Cucharas River Valley is the Village of Cuchara, translated from Spanish as “the spoon.” Private cabins grace this unique mountain village with multiple recreational and restaurant opportunities for the whole family. Encircled by the San Isabel National Forest, Cuchara is surrounded with crystal clear lakes, trees and mountains. The Cucharas River flows through the middle of town. Spectacular aspen groves and wild iris fields glow up the hill as you come out of the valley leading up to Bear Lake and Blue Lake. The highway winds through steep switchbacks until it opens out at the top of Cuchara Pass at an elevation of 9,995’. About 8 miles south of Cuchara Pass you’ll find North Lake State Wildlife Area, a trophy fishing area. A little further south is Monument Lake Resort, a full service resort on the shores of Monument Lake. More Information at:


E xpEriEncE T hE h ighway


L EgEnds a udio T our :

A new adventure has landed in Southern Colorado and all you need is a smart-phone to enjoy it.

Spanish Peaks Country is a land rich in history, natural wonders and artistic inspiration, in the shadow of the majestic Spanish Peaks. Here you will experience the charm of Walsenburg, La Veta, Gardner, and Cuchara along with world-class golf, art & history museums, a water park, shopping, Lathrop State Park and many other outdoor activities. History lovers and adventures from near and far now have a new way to discover beautiful Spanish Peaks Country with a free self-guided audio tour. Download the TravelStorys app on the App Store or the Google Play Store to embark on this tour through the convenience of your smartphone. As you drive along the tour route, stories will automatically begin to play about the tour sites you are passing. TravelStorys is all about bringing the little-known stories about the land around you to life. On this journey you will travel beneath the iconic Spanish Peaks on the Highway of Legends Scenic Byway and travel up into mountains at 10,000 feet before looping down into the flat plains. You’ll drive through historic cities and towns, former mining camps, and even a few ghost towns. You’ll find out about the ancient geologic changes that have formed the surrounding landscape over millennia. You’ll hear tales of the old West, with its covered wagon trains and gun battles. You’ll also learn about the coal and steel production that built America. And – you’ll hear about the people who made it happen: coal miners, union laborers, and the mighty Mother Jones – the most dangerous grandmother in America. And of course, you’ll hear about the native people, and the lives they lived here. There’ll be legends, ghost stories, and even a few rumors. And finally – you’ll hear tips about local hikes, museums, and parks where you can stop to stretch your legs. The Highway of Legends Audio Tour is brought to you by the Huerfano County Tourism Board, and a grant from the Colorado Tourism Office helped fund the project. To find out more about all there is to see and do in Spanish Peaks Country go to www.spanishpeakscountry. com and to learn more about the tour go to highway-of-legends-scenic-byway/

Y our I NforMatIoN s ource

N ew L egeNds M ag . coM -74-

Take your guests, friends, and family and experience the wonder of the Scenic and Historic Highway of Legends. More Information at:

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Trinidad Lake The Jewel of Southern Colorado

by Linda


Many changes have come over the years since Las Animas County was created. During one of those changes proof of ancient and not so ancient history emerged - that is until it was subsequently submerged. In approximately 1862, a sheep herder, Francisco Gallegos, went into partnership with Eldridge B. Sopris to open a coal mine near the Purgatoire River. In 1888, Sopris sold his mine to John C. Osgood, owner of one of the largest coal operations in the state, the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company. Osgood established a company town he called Sopris. As with many of the CF&I mines, the town served the needs of the miners.

“Mostly out of need, but partly from paternalistic motives and occasionally because of avarice, the operators established company stores to sell groceries, clothing, and other items; obtained doctors; and otherwise attempted to establish the essentials of community life” U.S. Coal Mines Administration, 1947


Sopris, located four miles west of Trinidad, was a close-knit mining community. Rows of uniformly square two and three-room wooden homes with four-sided roofs and a chimney in the center, lined the main street which led into and out of the mining town. Called tenant houses, they rented for $45 a month. The company provided a library, one school, and one church for the miners and their families. In an effort to mold a compliant and passive work force the company also offered free programs such as nightly English classes at the library and traveling lectures with topics that included civics, homemaking, and proper hygiene. Local dances were a favorite in the mining camp. The Camp and Plant, a company publication, naturally had nothing but good things to say in one of its reports regarding the dances in 1913.

“A glorious good time was had by all. A good crowd was present, including many from Trinidad. The hall was crowded to its fullest capacity. At midnight the wives served delicious refreshments. It was an early hour when the crowd dispersed.” It was during this time that Sopris had its largest population, 2000 residents. Along with the Sopris mine, the miners also worked nearly 300 coke ovens. Following World War I the demand for coal slowed considerably. America’s new fuel, petroleum, became the primary fuel of choice. Demand peaked somewhat during World War II, however, by war’s end most of southern Colorado’s coal mines were closing. In March 1922, an explosion happened in the Sopris mine #2. Seventeen men were killed. This mine never reopened.

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The main Sopris mine actually shut down in 1940. Many of the miners and their families moved on, but some stayed. For the next decade approximately 300 citizens lived in the old mining camp of Sopris. After years of the Purgatoire River flooding and causing costly damage, the United States Army Corps of Engineers embarked on a huge project; the Purgatoire River would be rerouted and plans for a new dam were being put into place. 1965 was the last year for Sopris High, also known as Lincoln High School. Thereafter children were bused to schools in Trinidad. It was during the early stages of the dam construction that archaeologists were able to finally document evidence of Sopris, a Native American tribe who lived in the region from approximately 950 to 1200 AD. Evidence of stone houses, fire pits and adobe structures were recorded by the Department of Anthropology at

Trinidad State Junior College.

By 1969 and early 1970, the dam was nearly complete. Families were now forced to leave and were offered eight dollars a square foot for their homes. Some of the Sopris residents sold, others moved their homes to Trinidad where they can still be seen today. Buried bodies in the Sopris cemetery were moved to the Carpio Catholic Cemetery east of Trinidad. One observer wrote:

southern Colorado. The lake area, nestled in the shadow of the Culebra Range of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, borders the Highway of Legends and the Santa Fe Trail. There are trails all around the 2, 500 acre state park area for exploring the flora and fauna, as well as Trinidad sandstone and Pierre shale along

Long’s Canyon Trail.

Trinidad Lake is known for its great fishing. Rainbow trout, brown trout, largemouth bass, catfish, walleye, crappie, and bluegill are found in the lake. There are several fishing tournaments throughout the season at the lake. There is plenty of boating and jet ski activity on the lake for the adventurous camper. Speaking of camping, there are two campgrounds, one overlooking the lake and one closer to the shoreline.

While the history of Sopris may lie at the bottom of the lake, Trinidad Lake has become the “jewel” of Trinidad.

“Because Sopris never bothered to incorporate, the government did not have to build new houses for the people or move them to a new location. They were simply paid a sum of money for their places and told to move, and their homes were bulldozed into piles of rubble.” In 1973 Trinidad Lake began to fill. It would be five years before it would be filled and then opened to the public. Today, Trinidad Lake State Park is considered the recreational “jewel” of

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Profile for New Legends Magazine

New Legends Magazine Summer 2018  

New Legends Magazine Summer 2018