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S U M M E R 2 0 2 1 $ 5.9 5

FOOD ALLERGIES AS YOU AGE 5 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW

IN FAVOR OF FAT WHAT IT IS & WHY IT’S IMPORTANT

ABOUT FACE TYPES OF ACNE & HOW TO TREAT THEM

HER STORY MOTIVATING STORIES

HYPOTHYROIDISM

FROM LOCAL WOMEN

AND SIGNS YOU MIGHT HAVE IT

INSPIRED SHORT & SWEET SHORTS FROM LOCAL RETAILERS

WOMEN CELEBRATING WOMEN

THINK INSIDE THE BOX SUBSCRIPTION BEAUTY BOXES

SADDER BUT WISER WHAT TO DO

ANNUAL

ORAL H E A LT H SECTION

See page 72 for Cover Model Karlene Claridy’s story!

WHEN YOUR CHILD IS GRIEVING

+ MEET OUR DOCTORS LOVE, CARE, & HEALING OTHERS


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©2013 Raymond James & Associates, Inc., member New York Stock Exchange/SIPC 13-BR38U-0017 EG 1/13


Publisher’s Letter

“Live in the sunshine, swim the sea, drink the wild air.” – RALPH WALDO EMERSON

There are many reasons to relish the start of the summer season; family vacations, fresh produce, and lazy days spent by the pool are all on the horizon. Summer is also the perfect opportunity to get outside, boost your vitamin D levels, and increase your physical activity – in short, summer is great for both your mental and physical health! Inside this summer issue of HealthScope® magazine, we share ways to further improve your physical and mental wellness, starting with our features. In “Hypothyroidism (And Signs You Might Have It),” we learn how to spot and treat an underactive thyroid. For “Common Contagious Illnesses in Children,” we discuss ailments that your child might contract, and what to do when it happens. And our feature “Debunking Myths About PTSD” reveals the truth behind this often misunderstood disorder and the importance of getting the help you need. Much-loved sections such as “Her Story” and “Inspired” showcase local ladies who, despite their own trials and hardships, continue to persevere and encourage others. As always, our annual “Oral Health” section highlights specialized dental procedures and the medical professionals that make them possible. This issue also features the section “Meet Our Doctors,” which shines a light

on the highly trained healthcare providers who serve our region. There is much more inside for you to discover, including advice for acne breakouts, growing your hair out, and recognizing grief in children. Local Julia George Mullinix Becker brings us PUBLISHER an easy-to-follow, at-home barre workout, and local boutiques share their favorite shorts of the season. You also won’t want to miss refreshing cucumber recipes, ideal for a hot day. Last but certainly not least, check out our interview with cover model Karlene Claridy. Between her successful career, loving children, and caring for her own health, she’s cracked the code on making the most of her 40s. Her positivity and drive are an inspiration to us all. We hope that you find this summer issue of HealthScope® magazine to be informative and uplifting and that it will inspire you and your family to keep your health in mind as you enjoy the summer season. Blessings always,

Celebrating 32 Years! HealthScopeMag.com Follow HealthScope® and CityScope® magazines and Choose Chattanooga® Chattanooga Resource & Relocation Guide® on Facebook and Instagram!

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Contents Be Well 28

34

Hypothyroidism (& Signs You Might Have It)

What They Are & How to Treat Them

40 Debunking Myths About PTSD

Take care of your

Experts Uncover the Truth

46 Food Allergies as You Age

72

Common Contagious Illnesses in Children

mental, spiritual, and physical well-

5 Things You Should Know

being. You only have

Stay Well

one life to live, so

Annual Oral Health Section

live it to the fullest!”

54

Veneers

56

LANAP Laser Treatment

58

Dental Implants

60

Dental Anxiety

62

Teeth Whitening

64

Wisdom Teeth Removal

66

Root Canals

68

Invisalign

70

CEREC

34

KARLENE CLARIDY

Look Well 72

74

76

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Meet Our Model Karlene Claridy

Short & Sweet Stylish Shorts From Local Boutiques

Think Inside the Box Subscription Beauty Boxes

78

About Face Types of Acne & How to Treat Them

80 A Long Way to Grow

Tips for Growing Out Your Hair


SUMMER

IS IN THE AIR. AFC WILL HELP YOU CONQUER ALLERGIES AND BREATHE EASY THIS SEASON. Now’s the time for long days filled with sunshine and getting outdoors. And AFC is here to help you enjoy it. So whether you have seasonal allergies or are simply feeling under the weather, come in and we’ll get you taken care of. We’re open every day with extended hours to fit your schedule. Plus, you don’t need an appointment – just walk in. CLEVELAND: 170 Mouse Creek Road (37312) ph: 423.458.1426 | Open M-F 8-8, S-S 8-5 OOLTEWAH: 9058 Old Lee Highway (37363) ph: 423.531.9110 | Open M-F 8-8, S-S 8-5 HIXSON: 5546 Highway 153, Suite 120 (37343) ph: 423.486.1911 | Open M-F 8-8, S-S 8-5 CHATTANOOGA: 1521 Gunbarrel Rd., Suite 103 (37421) ph: 423.531.0911 | Open M-F 8-8, S-S 8-5 CHATTANOOGA: 3520 Cummings Highway (37419) ph: 423.822.5942 | Open M-F 8-8, S-S 8-5 FORT OGLETHORPE, GA: 26 Parkway Drive (30742) ph: 706.956.2846 | Open Every Day 8-6 ATHENS: 2037 Congress Pkwy. S (37303) ph: 423.381.0152 | Open M-F 8-8, S-S 8-5

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Contents 106

Meet Our Doctors Love, Care, & Healing Others 84

Dr. Roxanne Phillips

86

Dr. Mitch Dizon

88

Dr. Gregory Phelps

90

Dr. Alan Koffron

92

Dr. Stephanie Sheridan

94

Dr. Matthew Oliver

96

Dr. Jessica Van Mason

98

Dr. Prayash Patel

100 Dr. Neelima Katragunta 102

Dr. Adam Van Mason

104 Dr. Jim Busch

Her Story Motivating Stories From Local Women 106

Brandi Murray

108

Valara Sample

110

Tara Wood Waldrop

111

Cathy Dorvil

Feel Well 112 Sadder But Wiser

Learn What to Do When Your Child Is Grieving

114 A Mother Lode of Love

Showing Your Mom She’s Special

Inspired Women Celebrating Women

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119

117

Morgan Everett & Jane Henegar

118

Cydney Parkes & Sabie Crowder

119

Martina Suttle Harris & Elizabeth Suttle Stamper

120

Tracey Smith & Gena Weldon


Contents HealthScopeMag.com Summer 2021 • Vol. 32 Issue 5

122 Departments Health in a Minute 14 16 18 20 22

122 Cool as a Cucumber

Cucumber Recipes From Locals

126 In Favor of Fat

What It Is & Why It’s Important

For Him For Her For Moms For the Whole Family For the Home

24 Health & Wellness Calendar 25 Staff Spotlight 26 Ask the Doctor 50 Silver Side

128 Julia Becker’s Full-Body Barre Workout

A Guided, At-Home Workout

S U M M E R 2 0 2 1 $ 5.9 5

ABOUT THE COVER Cover model Karlene Claridy FOOD ALLERGIES AS YOU AGE 5 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW

IN FAVOR OF FAT WHAT IT IS & WHY IT’S IMPORTANT

ABOUT FACE TYPES OF ACNE & HOW TO TREAT THEM

FROM LOCAL WOMEN

AND SIGNS YOU MIGHT HAVE IT

SHORT & SWEET SHORTS FROM LOCAL RETAILERS

THINK INSIDE THE BOX SUBSCRIPTION BEAUTY BOXES

INSPIRED WOMEN CELEBRATING WOMEN

SADDER BUT WISER WHAT TO DO

ANNUAL

ORAL H E A LT H SECTION

See page 72 for Cover Model Karlene Claridy’s story!

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shows us just how fabulous your

HER STORY MOTIVATING STORIES

HYPOTHYROIDISM

George Mullinix

Sales & New Business Development

Cailey Mullinix Easterly

Sales & Business Development

Katie Faulkner

Art, Creative, & Design

Emily Pérez Long

Design

Lauren Robinson

Managing Editor

Christina Cannon

Editors

Kathy Bradshaw Anna Hill Lindsey June Mary Beth Wallace

SEO/Digital Marketing

Micah Underwood

Marketing Assistant

Alysse Parris

Photographers Emily Pérez Long Lanewood Studio

Rich Smith Sarah Unger

Subscribe to CityScope® or HealthScope® magazines: Call 423.266.3440 or visit cityscopemag.com or healthscopemag.com and click “Subscribe.” A one year subscription for CityScope® or HealthScope® magazine costs $18.

Live Well

Publisher

WHEN YOUR CHILD IS GRIEVING

+

40s can be. In this decade, she’s learned to prioritize her own health and goals, all while caring for the ones she loves most.

MEET OUR DOCTORS LOVE, CARE, & HEALING OTHERS

Photo by Lanewood Studio

To receive advertising information, change your mailing address, or share your views on editorial: Call 423.266.3440 or visit cityscopemag.com or healthscopemag.com and click “Contact.” CityScope® and HealthScope® magazines and Choose Chattanooga® – Chattanooga Resource & Relocation Guide ® (the magazines) are published by CMC Publications, LLC, a Chattanooga, Tennessee company. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Views expressed herein are those of the authors or those interviewed and not necessarily those of the publisher, editors, or advertisers. The publisher, editors, and advertisers disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. All content associated with and included in advertisements (ads, advertorial, and special promotional sections) placed in the magazines are the responsibility of the respective advertiser. CMC Publications, LLC, cannot and does not assume responsibility for any material contained within or associated with any advertisement. CityScope® magazine Copyright, CMC Publications, LLC, 1993 CityScope® magazine is a trademark owned by CMC Publications, LLC HealthScope® magazine Copyright, CMC Publications, LLC, 1989 HealthScope® magazine is a trademark owned by CMC Publications, LLC Choose Chattanooga® – Chattanooga Resource & Relocation Guide® Copyright, CMC Publications, LLC, 2011 Chattanooga Resource & Relocation Guide® is a trademark owned by CMC Publications, LLC


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H E A LT H I N A M I N U T E FOR HIM

Fitness at a Distance WO R K I N G O U T R E M OT E LY

Like so many things since the beginning of the pandemic, fitness, too, is seeing an increasing “at-home” approach. While many people are back at the gym now, others still prefer to exercise in their own space. Here are a few of the top ways to do so.

Face Value: Making Facial Hair Work for You A man’s facial hair is his crowning glory, his pride and joy. If you’re wondering if your best look is more macho mustachioed or sensitive and stubbled, read on. Here’s a guide to some popular facial hair styles.

STREAMING Live or pre-recorded and available for repeated playback, streaming exercise classes is a great way to get a good workout. An instructor may be recorded alone or in front of an in-person group, letting you feel like a part of the class. Popular streaming services include Instagram Live, Facebook Live, and YouTube. Many fitness clubs also stream directly from their own websites. FITNESS APPS Apps such as My Fitness Pal, Sworkit, and Glo give you fitness tips and suggested workouts from the convenience of your smartphone. ZOOM WITH A TRAINER For a more individualized approach, many personal trainers do private Zoom sessions, during which you can not only get guided workouts, but immediate feedback and pointers. Peleton and Echelon are also popular methods of “interactive training.”

Keep it short.

‘Stache it.

Short beard styles abound and are easier to tend to than a full beard. They’re also more versatile – mix and match with most hairstyles and face shapes.

The big wigs of facial hair insist that mustaches are making a comeback. This lip décor gives contour and makes a strong statement. It can also make you look especially dashing when dressed to the nines.

Keep it really short.

Otherwise known as five o’clock shadow or “I forgot to shave,” stubble is good for those who can’t or don’t want to grow a much fuzzier face. It’s highly adaptable, slims down rounder faces, and makes you look suave and swarthy.

Get your goat.

Can’t decide if you want to go beard, mustache, or clean-cut? The goatee is a happy fusion of all three. The long story.

If you have that “long hair, don’t care” attitude, go for a full beard. It’s great for heart-shaped faces, keeps you warm in the winter, and shows audacity. Just remember that it could take as much as a year to grow out.

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MARSHAL MIZE FORD

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H E A LT H I N A M I N U T E FOR HER

M

FROM BUSY TO BUFF

O C K TA I L S

Fitting Exercise Into Your Hectic Lifestyle

Too much to do? If you’re burning the candle at both ends, burn some calories while you’re at it. Here are a few ways to turn multitasking into motivation.

BUDDY SYSTEM

Allowing time for family is important, so have them join you on a bike ride or hike. Bring the kids for an educational nature walk or cultural outing. You can log a lot of steps wandering around a museum for an hour! Socializing with friends can be a morning jog with brunch afterwards. Postworkout mimosas are good incentive. Or just schedule a social call and chat on the phone while you walk. WORK IT OUT

Make working work for your exercise routine. Take the stairs up to your office instead of the elevator. Or, if working from home, do that conference call while pacing the living room or join a Zoom call while seated on a stability ball.

h W

Put the “run” back in errands by jogging to the store to pick up a few things or walking across town to drop off your dry cleaning. You’ll get exercise while also crossing something off your to-do list.

at

to

ki ng

RUN ERRANDS

Dr

ink W

hen You’re

rin D t No

There are many reasons to abstain from alcohol on any given occasion. Sobriety comes in handy whether you’re behind on your to-do list or behind the wheel. But just because you’re not drinking doesn’t mean that you should miss out on any of the flavor – or the fun. Mocktails are alcohol-free cocktails that range from simple to sophisticated and can include a wide variety of ingredients. Here are a few worth sipping.

Virgin Cucumber Gimlet Mix muddled cucumber, fresh lime juice, and simple syrup and shake with ice. Top with club soda, and serve over crushed ice. Blueberry Mojito Muddle blueberries and mint leaves with lime and simple syrup. Add additional lime juice and simple syrup to fill glass. Serve over ice with a splash of club soda. Cinderella Mix lemon, orange, and pineapple juices with a teaspoon of grenadine and shake. Strain over ice and top with ginger ale. Garnish with an orange or pineapple slice. Nopaloma Combine fresh-squeezed grapefruit juice with fresh lime juice and agave nectar. Salt the rim of a glass and pour in the mixture over ice, topping with tonic. Designated Appletini Mix apple juice with lemon juice and simple syrup. Rim a martini glass with sugar and garnish with an apple slice. Baby Bellini Pour sparkling cider over peach nectar in a champagne flute.

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Skin is In The time of year to show some skin is upon us – Don’t feel like you have to shrink away and hide. If unsightly veins are causing you concern, a visit to The Vein Institute could help! We use the latest technologies and treatments including vascular laser therapy and sclerotherapy to make spider, varicose, and other types of visible veins disappear. Call to schedule your free consultation and see how we can have you beach-bound in no time!

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120 Cornerstone Way #3 Calhoun, GA 30701


H E A LT H I N A M I N U T E FOR MOMS

STARTER PETS: Animals Your Kids Really Can Take Care Of Are your kids begging for a furry friend? Kids love something to love, but you don’t love being the only one caring for little Fluffy. Being stuck walking the dog or scooping the litter box when your kids lose interest in their pets is every parent’s pet peeve. Here are some lovable yet easy-to-care-for animals – a good test to see if your kids really are ready for a bigger (and fuzzier) commitment.

FISH: Fish are low-maintenance and affordable. Although they aren’t easy to snuggle with, they can be beautiful, fun to watch, and, over time, will begin to anticipate their caretaker’s arrival at feeding time, thus reciprocating a child’s attention. HAMSTERS: Cute and good-tempered, hamsters have that sought-after fur and are much cuddlier than fish. They are easy to care for, with regular feeding being the primary duty, followed by routine cage cleanings. Hamsters are pettable and can learn basic tricks. GUINEA PIGS: These fuzzy critters are known for their friendliness, personality, and easy care. Some say they even enjoy being petted and may purr like a cat. PARAKEETS: Parakeets are attractive, easy, and social animals with minimal upkeep. They can learn tricks, and some even talk. RATS: Don’t be grossed out. These unjustly snubbed rodents are actually intelligent and sociable, can be trained, and enjoy human attention.

Breaking Through the Teen Armor How to Connect With Your Teenager You and your loving child used to be close – regular besties who enjoyed spending time together. They looked up to you and thought you were the best mom ever. But then, your kid grew up and entered the tunnel of teenager-hood – and now, they barely speak to you. What to do?

Share a Meal Even teens love to eat, so they’re likely to be willing to participate in mealtime. This is a good time for “device-free” dinners and quality conversation.

Follow Their Lead Join your teen in doing something they enjoy, or talk to them about their interests and favorite activities. A car ride can be a good opportunity for a chat, so drive together to somewhere they want to go. 18

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Plan a Regular Family Activity They may not be as excited about this as they once were, but if it becomes part of their regular routine, they’re apt to join out of habit – and will ultimately enjoy themselves.

Do Something Fun Together Teach them something new, work on a productive task, or do something active such as taking a walk.

Know How to Talk During conversations, be encouraging, approachable, non-judgmental, and a good listener, and your teen will feel like they can open up to you.


Aesthetics at Associates in Women’s Health

Panzanella Salad with Avocado and Tomatoes SERVES 8 Serve this “summer in a bowl” at your next backyard barbecue! Full of in-season produce boasting fiber and healthy fats, this recipe is sure to be a crowd favorite. Ingredients:

• 1/2 French baguette cut into 6 cups of bread cubes • 4 Tbsp. canola or corn oil, divided • 1/2 tsp. garlic powder • 2 cups tightly packed fresh basil, cilantro, or parsley • 1 medium avocado, halved, pitted, and coarsely chopped • 2 Tbsp. white vinegar • 1/8 tsp. salt • 3 Tbsp. water, plus 1-2 more as needed • 2 medium tomatoes, diced (about 2 cups) • 1 medium English (or hothouse) cucumber, chopped • 1/3 cup red onion, chopped • 2 tsp. capers, drained and chopped

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Directions:

1. Preheat the oven to 325°. 2. Line a baking sheet with aluminum foil. Place the bread cubes on the baking sheet. Drizzle with 1 Tbsp. oil. Sprinkle the garlic powder over the bread cubes. Toss to coat. Bake for 15-20 minutes or until the croutons are golden brown. 3. Meanwhile, in a food processor or blender, process the basil for 15-30 seconds, or just until finely chopped. Add the avocado,

vinegar, and salt. Pour the remaining 3 Tbsp. oil and 3 Tbsp. water through the feeder tube. Add 1-2 Tbsp. more water if the salad dressing is thicker than the desired consistency. 4. Put the tomatoes, cucumber, onion, capers, and croutons in a large bowl. 5. Pour the dressing over the salad and croutons, tossing to coat. 6. Serve immediately or let stand for 30 minutes so the croutons can absorb the dressing. Nutritional Information

Calories 200 | Total Fat 11.5g | Sodium 234mg | Total Carbohydrate 21g | Dietary Fiber 4g | Sugars 2g | Protein 5g Source: American Heart Association


H E A LT H I N A M I N U T E F O R T H E W H O L E FA M I LY

Are Organic Foods Really Worth the Extra Dough?

They look the same. They taste the same. So why are organic foods so much more expensive than their “regular” counterparts, and what’s in it for you – except a heftier price tag? If something is organic, it means that it was produced without artificial pesticides or other chemicals, was not genetically modified, and is not stuffed full of hormones, steroids, or antibiotics. Because of these restrictions, organic food is more expensive to produce, and those costs carry over to you at the supermarket – with as much as a 50% price increase.

Many people are willing to fork over the extra bucks for what goes on their fork, primarily because nonorganic foods can have trace amounts of pesticides, which, if consumed in excess, can potentially cause health complications. Organic food is also more ecofriendly and sustainable. And yet, the nutritional value and flavor are no different. Bottom line: Organic foods won’t help your recipes, they may help your health, and they’re a definite plus for your mental health – if knowing your food was grown or raised “clean” gives you peace of mind.

Seeking Supplements: What People Are Taking and Why It seems that everyone these days is supplementing their diet with supplements. From pills and powders to health drinks and smoothies, supplements are everywhere. The COVID-19 pandemic brought general health awareness to the forefront, causing people to increase their intake of health-boosting products. Here’s a look at some of today’s most popular supplements. • With stress levels rising this past year, mental healthbased supplements have seen a huge rise in popularity as well. Think melatonin, magnesium, chamomile, valerian, B-complex vitamins, and CBD products. • The pandemic has caused a 50% surge in the usage of supplements that boost the immune system: vitamins C and D, zinc, ginger, elderberry, echinacea, turmeric, and astragalus.

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• The VIP of vitamins nowadays is vitamin D. With its all-encompassing powers, it has been known to help fight disease and improve mental, bone and skin, and all-around health. • Beauty and skincare supplements are highly sought after, with collagen, vitamin C, and omega-3s topping the list. Although many supplements can help improve your health, they can also have hidden side effects, such as making other medications less effective, thinning the blood, damaging the liver, or even, in extreme cases, increasing cancer risks. Check with your doctor first, and try to get most of your nutrients from a healthy diet.


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H E A LT H I N A M I N U T E FOR THE HOME

oever Are you convinced that wh pans k stic non led invented so-cal you do Or g? din kid was really just ing rch sco for ck just have a kna il it everything you cook unt ? If are kw coo r latches onto you a h wit ed fac lf you find yourse on edcak ing olv pot-astrophe inv s pot r you on rks food and burn ma to s tip e som and pans, here are get them clean.

Gone to Pot — CLEANING YOUR POTS AND PANS

The sooner you clean your pan after you use it, the better. Wash it by hand to scrub hardto-reach nooks and crannies. Soak cookware in water to loosen stuck-on residue, but don’t put a hot pan in cold water. It could warp. Use a scouring pad or sponge

and scrub in a circular motion. Start by using dishwashing liquid, then, if needed, move up to abrasive cleaning products, such as Ajax or Comet, or basic baking soda. A paste of water with these products works wonders. Stay away from oven cleaner, which can take the finish off your cookware and ruin it for good.

For extra-difficult spots: In your dirty cookware, boil a mixture of baking soda and approximately 1/4 cup water. Once the water boils off, scrub the pan. For the toughest spots: Submerge your entire pan into a boiling vat of baking soda/ water solution.

GET OUT OF THIS MESS! Ways to Stay Organized You don’t have to be a minimalist to enjoy keeping out the clutter. Even if you love stuff, you can still have too much of a good thing if your things are taking over your world. Turn chaos into coordination with these organization tips. Repurpose. Towel bars come in handy for far more than just towels. Put one in a tool shed, kitchen, or bedroom for hanging everything from cooking utensils to clothing. Spice racks can store small items such as nail polish. Shower hooks are the perfect way to hang up scarves, purses, or necklaces. And muffin tins make great

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organizers for small things that live in your junk drawer. Magnetize! Glue magnets to the backs of items such as makeup or toiletries and store them vertically by sticking them to magnetic surfaces or strips (think magnetic knife holder). Don’t have a usable metal surface? Make one by covering it with magnetic paint.

Organize. Get drawer organizers and arrange things by category. Tiered shelves placed along other shelves or under the sink provide additional storage space. Don’t let those secret spots (under the bed, between the fridge and wall, etc.) go unused. And insides of closet doors or sides of cabinets make great places for adding hanging or mounted storage.


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HEALTH & WELLNESS CALENDAR excitement at hosting the upcoming Bubbles of Fun Run. The race, which will include a 5K, 10K, and 1-mile Fun Run, is a fundraising event meant to help the foundation in their mission to raise money for families dealing with childhood cancer. All three race distances begin at 8 a.m. The finish line will bring not only the glory of finishing the race, but also bubbles galore. For more information or to sign up, go to the website. HATCHERFOUNDATION.ORG/RUN

27 Chattanooga Waterfront Triathlon

May 31 Chattanooga Chase

The 54th running of the Chattanooga Chase Road Race, presented by Fast Break Athletics, will take place at Riverview Park on Memorial Day. The 8K race will start at 8 a.m., and the 1-mile race will begin at 10 a.m. The event will be followed by a socially distant post-race picnic, with refreshments, awards, and door prizes. Register online in advance, or in person on the morning of the race. CHATTANOOGATRACKCLUB.ORG

June 3 Painting With a Twist

For a fun and artsy night out, join a group of aspiring artists and art enthusiasts (all levels welcome!) as they learn to paint a beach sunrise. Participants follow a sample painting, and a professional artist guides them through the process, so that everyone can come away with a piece worthy of hanging up at home. Each event features a different painting design, so there’s something for all tastes and occasions. Bring your own beverages and healthy snacks. PAINTINGWITHATWIST.COM/ STUDIO/CHATTANOOGA

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5 Chattanooga Fitness Expo

With its array of outdoor activities and athletic events, Chattanooga is the perfect place to host the upcoming Fitness Expo at the Embassy Suites by Hilton at Hamilton Place. Taking place between 8 a.m. and 11 p.m., the event is a health-centric expo that will focus on bodybuilding/physique, fitness, and local personal trainers. They will also crown a Mr./Mister and Miss/Mrs. Chattanooga. Proceeds will be donated to a local charity that encourages the empowerment of women to defend and protect themselves. CHATTANOOGAFITNESSEXPO.COM

6 Chattanooga Rat Race 5K Open Water Swim

Come out for a Sunday swim at the 14th annual Chattanooga Rat Race open-water event, which takes place off Chester Frost Park in Hixson. Beginning at 11 a.m., swimmers will make several loops around Dallas Bay to complete the 5K course. Participants must be registered with either USMS or USA Swimming but can pay for an event-only membership if needed. All swimmers receive a cap and t-shirt, and awards will be given to top finishers. Registration deadline is May 25th. CHATTANOOGASWIMFEST.ORG

12 Austin Hatcher Foundation Bubbles of Fun Run The Austin Hatcher Foundation for Pediatric Cancer is bubbling over with

For a variety of athletic levels, from firsttime triathletes to pros, the Chattanooga Waterfront Triathlon offers two races to choose from. There’s the “Sprint” race, which features a 400m swim, a 20K bike ride, and a 5K run; or the “Olympic” race, with a 1.5K swim, 40K bike ride, and 10K run. The main staging area is right downtown in front of the Aquarium, providing an excellent, central location, and the race sponsors are promising a scenic and spectator-friendly event. TEAM-MAGIC.COM/EVENTS/223

July 4 Red, White & Blueberries

Celebrate our nation’s Independence Day with the Chattanooga Market this year. Head down to the First Horizon Pavilion between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. to enjoy fresh produce, local goods, and live music from Sweet Georgia Sound on the Lodge Cast Iron Stage. And, of course, don’t pass up the freshly picked blueberries! CHATTANOOGAMARKET.COM

30 RMHC Day of Change

Small change makes a big difference. From 7 to 10:30 a.m., volunteers from Ronald McDonald House Charities (RMHC) visit area McDonald’s locations to encourage customers to let their pocket change make a difference. This event is also in partnership with the Chattanooga Times Free Press and other area businesses. To learn more, visit the website. RMHCHATTANOOGA.COM


STAFF SPOTLIGHT

PARKRIDGE HEALTH SYSTEM

CHI MEMORIAL MEDICAL GROUP

Matthew E. Wiisanen, MD, FACC

John Dowlen, FNP-C

Centennial Heart at Parkridge welcomes Dr. Matthew E. Wiisanen, a fellowshiptrained interventional cardiologist and structural heart specialist. Dr. Wiisanen will serve as medical director of Interventional Cardiology and the Structural Heart Programs at Parkridge Health System.

John Dowlen has joined CHI Memorial Family Practice Associates - SoddyDaisy as a family nurse practitioner. He is a graduate of the Vanderbilt University School of Nursing and is certified in basic life support as well as nonviolent crisis intervention.

ERLANGER HEALTH SYSTEM

SISKIN HOSPITAL FOR PHYSICAL REHABILITATION

Robbie Miles, PT, ATC

Teresa Dinger, MBA

Erlanger Physical Therapy has welcomed Robbie Miles as the new Outpatient Physical Therapy Supervisor for all six of their clinics. Miles has over two decades of experience as a physical therapist and will also continue to provide treatment at Erlanger Orthopaedics – East.

Siskin Hospital for Physical Rehabilitation has appointed Teresa Dinger as Vice President of Patient Access and Marketing. She brings to her expanded role over 30 years of marketing experience, 27 of which have been with Siskin.

AUSTIN HATCHER FOUNDATION

AUSTIN HATCHER FOUNDATION

Becky Lyle

Murphee McDowell

Becky Lyle has joined the team at the Austin Hatcher Foundation for Pediatric Cancer as their patient navigator. Lyle has a BS in educational studies with a minor in autism and will begin pursuing her master’s degree in school psychometry in May.

Murphee McDowell has joined the team at the Austin Hatcher Foundation for Pediatric Cancer as their development coordinator. McDowell has a BS in political science and public service with a focus in public administration and nonprofit management and a minor in child and family studies.

UNIVERSITY SURGICAL ASSOCIATES

MORNING POINTE SENIOR LIVING

Jeremy Fisher, MD

Doru Mihaescu, RN, MBA, CISSP, CISA

University Surgical Associates is excited to add Dr. Jeremy Fisher, a fellowshiptrained pediatric surgeon, to their team of surgical experts. Dr. Fisher treats children of all ages and specializes in laparoscopic and robotic-assisted surgery techniques.

Morning Pointe Senior Living welcomed Doru Mihaescu as their new Vice President of Information Technology. He will oversee cybersecurity, technical support, and software development across all Morning Pointe campuses.

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ASK THE DOCTOR

A. What you may think are scars

Q. Wearing a mask regularly throughout the pandemic has really done a number on my skin.

Are there ways to prevent further breakouts and reduce

from acne could actually be postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). These dark spots that follow acne may fade over time, but there are ways to help speed up the process. Whether from wearing a mask or makeup, occlusion can lead to continued acne breakouts. To undo previous damage, you first need to stop new blemishes. That starts with a good cleanser. Next, try a skin brightener. These are topical products, prescription or over-the-counter, that help fade the PIH that acne left behind. It’s often amazing how much clearer the skin will look after PIH is gone. Finally, consider adding microdermabrasion or a “below-the-mask facial” to your routine. Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive spa treatment that helps further cleanse the skin and reduce both acne and scars. Facials can be targeted to treat just the area below the mask and calm the inflammation caused by acne breakouts.

the scarring that’s resulted from this?

Mary Beth Cole, MD Dermatologist Dalton Dermatology & Day Spa daltonderm.com

Q. I lost a lot of weight last year, but my skin isn’t bouncing back. How can I remedy this? A. Following significant weight loss, the body may be left with excessive loose, sagging skin in typical areas such as the face and neck, breasts, abdomen, arms, and thighs. Sometimes the body will recover and tone up, at least to some extent. However, oftentimes the loose skin persists in spite of diet and exercise. While there are a few non-surgical and less invasive options that may provide some degree of improvement, plastic surgery is usually the best option for a predictable, precise, cost-effective result that will hold up over time. A few of the most common plastic surgery procedures after weight loss are tummy tuck (abdominoplasty), breast lifts (mastopexies) with or without augmentation, and arm lifts (brachioplasty). Be sure to consult with a board-certified plastic surgeon experienced in these types of procedures. Christopher Chase, MD Plastic Surgeon Associates in Plastic Surgery apschatt.com

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Q. My toddler is incredibly shy in most situations. How do we know if she’s just shy or if there’s something more serious at play here? A. For a parent asking me this question, I would recommend that they speak with their pediatrician to obtain the appropriate referrals, including a referral to a developmental behavioral pediatrician. The specific concerns I would have would be considering selective mutism or autism spectrum disorder. The American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA) identifies selective mutism as a complex anxiety-based disorder that impacts communication in social settings. Appropriate resources for selective mutism would include being evaluated by a speech-language pathologist as well as a behavioral health professional such as a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist. In the event of selective mutism, treatment would include collaboration between these disciplines and the family to appropriately support the child for his or her communication needs. If the concern is for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), I would recommend asking the pediatrician about referrals for speech therapy, occupational therapy, and behavioral therapies, depending on the areas of concern. Chalet N. Stewart, MS, CCC-SLP Speech-Language Pathologist Siskin Children’s Institute siskin.org

Q. I’ve been recommended by my doctor to have my gallbladder removed. Will there be a lot of scarring, and is the recovery process difficult?

Q. My husband and I have agreed that we’d like to try couples counseling to strengthen our marriage. What should we expect from the first session? A. Every therapist handles an initial

A. For most gallbladder removals, there

are four small incisions. These incisions do leave a small mark, but for most people, it is not noticeable. If you are very concerned about scarring, some surgeons can hide your incisions in your belly button and below your panty line while performing your procedure robotically. Recovery does involve some discomfort at the incision site, but this is usually fairly minimal. The biggest restriction involves lifting or straining your abdominal wall after surgery to avoid hernias at the incision sites. Most surgeons have you on some restrictions for a minimum of two weeks. Darren J. Hunt, MD, FACS General Surgeon University Surgical Associates universitysurgical.com

intake differently. I like to begin with an informed consent process where the couple can get to know me a bit, as the personality of the therapist has a direct impact on a couple’s experience. If I can inject fun into the first session, I like to try to include that as well, to help ease any anxieties. We talk about their goals for our time together and what they are hoping to accomplish as a result of this investment into their relationship. Whether or not they choose to hire me long-term, I encourage them to be picky about who they hire. Over 70% of therapists claim to do couples work, but only about 11% have actual training with couples. I think couples therapy is a fantastic and proactive investment into one of the most important relationships in a person’s life. You don’t have to be in crisis to come to couples therapy. Sometimes, it’s just a healthy way to keep things vibrant and thriving. Cheers to healthy coupledom! Karisa Kaye, MAMFT Sex and Marriage Therapist I LOVE US Relationship & Intimacy Counseling, LLC iloveusintimacy.com

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Hypothyroidism (And Signs You Might Have It)

H

BY ANNA HILL

ave you ever realized you just haven’t felt like yourself lately but can’t exactly pinpoint why? Unfortunately, there are many diseases and illnesses that share very common symptoms, which can make a diagnosis difficult from the perspective of the untrained. Hypothyroidism is one of those conditions. However, we’re here to help. Read on to learn more about an underactive thyroid and how to spot signs that it might be something you’re struggling with yourself.

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What Is Hypothyroidism?

If you have hypothyroidism, also known as an “underactive thyroid,” then your body isn’t producing enough thyroid hormone. According to Dr. Abhinaya Jawahar, an endocrinology specialist with Erlanger Endocrinology, the most common cause of hypothyroidism in adults is Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disorder that is primarily genetic. Dr. Asma Khan, a physician with the Center for Diabetes and Endocrinology at Galen, further explains: “While Hashimoto’s and hypothyroidism cannot be used interchangeably, most people with Hashimoto’s are likely to develop hypothyroidism.” Other causes of hypothyroidism include a thyroidectomy, which is a surgery that involves the removal of all or part of the thyroid gland as necessitated by cancer or some other condition, or if someone has an iodine deficiency. Iodine isn’t produced by the body, so it must be obtained through diet or supplements. The introduction of iodized salt has significantly reduced the occurrence of iodine deficiency in most industrialized nations, but unfortunately, underdeveloped regions around the globe are still at risk. Hypothyroidism can also be congenital, as some infants are born with a thyroid that has not developed properly.

Signs You Might Have Hypothyroidism

Many symptoms that you might experience if you have an underactive thyroid are symptoms that are not at all unique to hypothyroidism. These symptoms include: • Sluggishness and fatigue • Depression/poor mental health • Intolerance to cold • Dry skin and hair • Hair loss • Constipation • Minor weight gain In women, symptoms can include irregularities in their menstrual cycles and can also hinder them from getting pregnant or having a healthy pregnancy. Many of these symptoms can easily be mistaken as being caused by something else, and people often seek treatment for them without having their thyroid checked. For example, someone feeling depressed and tired all the time might consult with a mental health professional about their struggles. While it certainly isn’t always the case that fatigue and a low mood are caused by an underactive thyroid, there’s a possibility that they might be. If you’re experiencing these things alongside other symptoms mentioned above, such as dry skin or weight gain, don’t hesitate to have your thyroid checked by your doctor just for the sake of ruling hypothyroidism out first – or treating it if it is in fact the cause.

DR. ABHINAYA JAWAHAR ENDOCRINOLOGY SPECIALIST, ERLANGER ENDOCRINOLOGY

DR. ASMA KHAN PHYSICIAN, CENTER FOR DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY AT GALEN

BRENDA BORKGREN NURSE PRACTITIONER, CHI MEMORIAL FAMILY PRACTICE ASSOCIATES – NORTHGATE

How Should a Healthy Thyroid Work? A healthy thyroid gland absorbs iodine and produces thyroid hormone. Thyroidstimulating hormone from the pituitary gland tells the thyroid to make the correct amount of thyroid hormone when it is needed, and the level of thyroid hormone is kept in a narrow therapeutic range.

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How Is It Diagnosed and Treated?

If you think you have hypothyroidism, there’s good news: Most of the time, it’s easily diagnosed and treated. “Hypothyroidism is not difficult to diagnose, but if the pituitary or hypothalamus is involved in the disorder, the diagnosis can be more complicated,” explains Brenda Borkgren, a nurse practitioner at CHI Memorial Family Practice Associates’ Northgate location. Beyond those complications, simple blood tests usually determine if someone has hypothyroidism or Hashimoto’s, which, as previously mentioned, can frequently lead to hypothyroidism. According to Dr. Jawahar, the blood test administered will measure both your levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and your levels of thyroid hormone (T4). If you have high levels of TSH but low levels of T4, that means you have hypothyroidism. If you have Hashimoto’s, blood tests will show that anti-thyroid antibodies are present.

Treatment of hypothyroidism is fairly straightforward – the patient will be given thyroid hormones to supplement what they’re lacking in their body. “Thyroid hormones are commonly taken via a tablet, and the exact dosage will depend on the patient. To determine the dosage needed, lab work will need to be run to see the level of thyroid hormones in the blood,” says Dr. Khan. Though treatment is simple, most patients will require thyroid hormone replacement for life. If you’re taking thyroid hormone replacement, your doctor will also regularly administer blood tests to ensure that your levels are remaining healthy or readjust your exact dosage of medication, as doses of thyroid hormone that are too high can lead to bone loss and abnormal heart function.

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With more than 90 primary care providers and 20 offices throughout Tennessee, Georgia and North Carolina, Erlanger Medical Group offers exceptional care that’s close to home. To find the primary care physician that’s right for your family, visit erlanger.org/primarycare or call 423-778-DOCS.


BE WELL

What Happens If It’s Left Untreated?

Without medical attention, an underactive thyroid can trigger a host of health problems. “Left untreated, hypothyroidism can cause an enlarged thyroid gland, heart problems, mental health issues, peripheral neuropathy (weakness, numbness, and discomfort due to nerve damage), infertility, and birth defects,” explains Borkgren. At its most severe stage, hypothyroidism can turn into a myxedema coma, which is a condition that leads to decreased mental function, A healthy thyroid hypothermia, and other symptoms is especially related to mulimportant in tiple organs slowing down in function. women who This is considered a are pregnant or medical emergency trying to become and often results in death if not atpregnant. tended to as quickly as possible. Many Americans are already at risk for heart disease, and hypothyroidism can further increase that risk. An inadequate level of thyroid hormone can affect your heart rate and the volume of blood being pumped by the heart, as well as increase your risk of unhealthy cholesterol levels. If these problems are left unaddressed, you can be more at risk for heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure, and peripheral artery disease. A healthy thyroid is especially important in women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. If a woman has hypothyroidism that’s gone undiagnosed, it can affect not only her ability to get pregnant, but it can affect her child’s growth and brain development as well. If an infant is born with hypothyroidism and isn’t treated quickly enough, it could lead to an intellectual disability or slowed growth rate.

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The consequences of untreated hypothyroidism might sound frightening, but don’t fret: A simple round of blood work can determine if you have it, and the treatment for it is easily administered medication. If you’re concerned that you have an underactive thyroid, don’t hesitate to reach out to a physician. HS


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Brontë Naples, MSN, APRN, FNP-C Nurse Practitioner

Kimberly Sargent, LCSW Licensed Clinical Social Worker

Amber Sharp, MMS, PA-C Physician Assistant

Marlee Clemens, RDN, LDN Registered Dietitian

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Common Contagious Illnesses in Children BY ANNA H I L L

Coughs, runny noses, and stomach bugs are all a rite of passage for small children. These ailments are very common and nearly impossible to avoid entirely; nevertheless, that won’t stop parents from worrying about their sick little ones. For a little peace of mind, read on to learn more about illnesses that young children often come down with and what to do if you think your child has contracted one.

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Why Are Small Children Prone to Certain Illnesses?

It seems that every year, especially during certain seasons, small children are always coming down with some kind of illness – one that is often infectious. This can occur for several different reasons, but one of the biggest factors is that children, especially under the age of 3, haven’t had time to develop robust immune systems quite yet. When a mother is pregnant, the antibodies her own body has developed to fend off disease get passed to her child, but unfortunately this – referred to as “passive immunity” – will wear off by the time the child is 6 months old. “An infant will start daycare at 2-3 months old and will be completely fine; then it seems like they are constantly sick from the age of 6 months to 2 years old because they no longer have passive immunity from their mothers, and they are developing their own active immunity,” says Dr. Bryn Meredith, a pediatrician with CHI Memorial Pediatric Diagnostic Associates. Another reason that small children are so susceptible to contagious illnesses is their proximity to others in daycare settings. “They are more likely to be exposed to other children in school or daycare via contaminated surfaces and sharing of toys and school supplies,” explains Dr. Natasha Ballard, a family medicine physician with American Family Care of Chattanooga. Many small children like to touch or grab anything in sight, as well as crawl around and try to put things in their mouths, and this unfortunately can lead to easy transmission of bacteria or a virus. What follows is a breakdown of the most common illnesses your child could contract.

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STOMACH VIRUS Also known as gastroenteritis, a stomach virus is one of the most common contagious illnesses, even in adults. Signs your child has come down with a stomach bug include vomiting, loose stools, and diarrhea. The most important thing to do when your child is at home with a stomach virus is to keep them hydrated. If they’re having trouble keeping solids down, don’t fret too much – the most severe symptoms of a stomach virus will clear up within a day or two, though stomach sensitivity may linger for up to 10 days. It’s important to note that if a child is persistently vomiting but not experiencing other common symptoms, it might be something other than a virus and can warrant a doctor’s visit. STREP THROAT Caused by streptococcal bacteria, strep throat is common, but easily treated. One of the most telltale signs of strep is a very sore throat as the most prominent symptom, accompanied by fever, swollen lymph glands and/or tonsils, and decreased appetite. If you think that your child might have strep, a doctor’s visit can confirm, and antibiotics can be administered as treatment. After 24 hours of antibiotic therapy, your child will no longer be infectious. CHICKENPOX Chickenpox, also called varicella, is most easily recognized by its trademark spotty rash, which usually begins on the body and face then spreads to the limbs. It’s often accompanied by fever, and the rash leads to itching as well as blisters. It usually lasts for 10 days or so, and for otherwise healthy children, medical treatment is rarely administered other than over-the-counter remedies for the itching. However, chickenpox will affect high-risk groups more severely, so if your child contracts it, it’s important to notify your childcare facility and the parents of other children your child has been in contact with. HAND, FOOT, AND MOUTH DISEASE Most common in children under the age of 10, hand, foot, and mouth disease often spreads very easily in childcare facilities. Its symptoms include fever, sore throat, headache, and blisters that might appear inside your child’s mouth as well as on their hands and the soles of their feet – however, it is also possible to be infected without showing any symptoms. If there are symptoms, they usually clear up within seven to 10 days, and a topical oral anesthetic might be recommended to soothe mouth sores.

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DR. NATASHA BALLARD FAMILY MEDICINE PHYSICIAN, AMERICAN FAMILY CARE OF CHATTANOOGA

DR. BRYN MEREDITH PEDIATRICIAN, CHI MEMORIAL PEDIATRIC DIAGNOSTIC ASSOCIATES


When your doctor recommends that you see a surgeon, the last thing you should have to think about is driving hundreds of miles out of town to find an exceptional one. With USA, you don’t have to.

Since 1976, University Surgical Associates, better known as USA, has provided excellent general and specialty surgical care to families in the Tennessee Valley. And because we have 10 locations and operating capabilities at multiple local hospitals, you’re bound to find a USA surgeon close to your home, school, or workplace.

There’s no need to drive out of town for surgical care when USA offers extensive surgical services and expertise right here. Ask your doctor to refer you to USA or call us directly at 423-267-0466.

423.267.0466

universitysurgical.com


BE WELL

PINK EYE Conjunctivitis, more commonly known as pink eye, is most often found in children under the age of 5. It can spread easily through both direct and indirect contact, and signs and symptoms primarily center around the eye itself, including teary, red, itchy, and painful eyes; swollen eyelids; and discharge that can make the eyelids sticky, especially after sleep. Pink eye can be treated with antibiotics, and once your child has been under antibiotic treatment for 24 hours, they will no longer be contagious. THE COMMON COLD The common cold, caused by upper respiratory viruses, is the most common childhood illness of all. The symptoms are well-known: fever, cough, and a runny or stuffy nose. Most children will recover from this easily on their own, but sometimes, something more serious is masquerading as a simple cold. For example, influenza shares the symptoms listed above, but will also make your child feel very fatigued and achy and can give them chills. If you’re struggling to determine what your child has contracted, it’s best to consult with a doctor.

What Can I Do to Prevent the Spread?

Though it may be difficult to prevent your child from getting sick from time to time, there are some steps you can take to reduce the risk. “I can’t stress enough how important vaccinating is. Lots of contagious illnesses that used to be common are no longer common because of vaccines,” emphasizes Dr. Meredith. Keeping your child up to date with their immunizations is not only vital to their health, but for herd immunity as well. It’s also important to start teaching your child good hygiene practices at a young age, such as regular handwashing at mealtimes, after playing outside, and after touching things in public.

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If your child is already sick and you suspect that they might have one of these common illnesses, it’s best to try and keep them at home. “It is important to keep children at home if they have a fever (temperature 100.4 degrees or greater), sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, or a rash on their hands or feet, to avoid spreading infection to others,” says Dr. Ballard.

As mentioned previously, these contagious illnesses can spread easily and rapidly among young children, so keeping a sick child at home at the first signs of illness can go a long way when it comes to preventing the spread. HS


Debunking Myths About PTSD BY ANNA HILL

T

hough post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not particularly uncommon, it’s frequently misunderstood. The term often evokes a narrow view of the disorder, which can lead to stereotypes, such as a veteran startled by the sound of fireworks. However, it’s much more complex than that. Here, we’ve consulted with behavioral health experts to uncover the truth about PTSD and address some prevailing myths about it.


MYTH NO. 1: PTSD only affects military veterans. PTSD has a very strong and often inseparable association with military veterans and other service members. However, according to Janelle Edmondson, a psychiatric nurse practitioner and owner of Phoenix Health, PLLC, “Trauma is anything that overrides the brain’s ability to cope. This can include, but is not limited to, military experience, childhood abuse, sexual violence, physical assault, severe medical illness or injury, natural disasters, neglect, and domestic violence.” Anyone who has experienced or witnessed events such as these can develop PTSD, and PTSD can occur from a single incident, multiple events, or prolonged exposure over a period of time. The association made in this myth does have at least some basis in reality, though, as those in the military or in any kind of service position that involves elevated risk have a higher likelihood of exposure to traumatic events. That being said, PTSD can affect any person of any age, from any kind of background.

MYTH NO. 2: The symptoms of PTSD are the same for everyone.

PTSD is a complex diagnosis, and someone must be experiencing a certain number of its specific symptoms to qualify for a diagnosis. That being said, not everyone with PTSD experiences the exact same symptoms or experiences them in the exact same way. Common symptoms include: • Recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive distressing memories of the traumatic event (flashbacks) • Insomnia or nightmares/night terrors about the event • Negative emotional states such as depression, anxiety, fear, shame, and guilt • A persistent inability to experience positive emotions • Irritability, anger, and self-destructive behaviors such as substance abuse or isolation • An exaggerated startle response (hypervigilance) Though the above symptoms are the most common ones, they aren’t the only ones. “Dissociative symptoms such as depersonalization, which is a feeling of detachment or like you’re observing your life outside of yourself, and derealization, which is when you experience a sense of distorted, dreamlike, or distant reality, are some of the less common symptoms,” explains Adam B. Barkeloo, a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner at Erlanger Behavioral Health Hospital. There are also notable differences in the way that adults and children experience the disorder. Children, especially younger children, are often unable to understand and process traumatic events and, as a result, are often unable to properly express what has happened and that they need help. PTSD can lead children to regress developmentally, such as wetting the bed or using baby talk that they had previously grown out of. They might also re-enact their trauma while playing with toys or with other children. “Children with PTSD may seem more distracted and avoidant, which can look like more of a behavioral issue than a clear indicator that they have PTSD,” says Christy Belew, the clinical milieu manager for latency programs at Parkridge Valley Child & Adolescent Campus. “Children often use their behaviors as their language, so their behaviors may be more expansive and problematic at times.”

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MYTH NO. 3: Anxiety disorders and PTSD are more or less the same. While anxiety can certainly be a symptom of PTSD, they are incredibly different diagnoses. The instigating factor of PTSD is a specific traumatic event, or a series of them, whereas anxiety is much more generalized – it’s rarely traced back to a specific incident. “Anxiety often presents itself vaguely, with a general feeling of discomfort that is difficult to pin down and difficult to describe with all its variable presentations,” says Barkeloo. On the other hand, PTSD is an umbrella of very specific symptoms, many of which can be actively and persistently disruptive to someone’s life.

MYTH NO. 4: Anyone who experiences trauma will have PTSD. Though a traumatic event or series of events is the key to a diagnosis of PTSD, that doesn’t mean everyone who experiences trauma will end up with it. “People often assume that if you have experienced any trauma, you automatically have PTSD,” explains Belew. “That being said, it isn’t about the experience alone, but more about the way your brain handles that experience.” It’s also important to note that PTSD can be commonly mistaken for something else by the patient, and what they’re actually sufffering from doesn’t meet the strict criteria for PTSD. For example, getting fired from a job, filing for divorce, or losing a grandparent to natural causes may cause someone to experience anxiety, depression, shock, or grief, but those negative feelings do not necessarily indicate that they are in fact experiencing PTSD.

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MYTH NO. 5: PTSD is something you have to suffer through alone. PTSD is an incredibly difficult disorder to grapple with on your own, and it doesn’t help matters that seeking counseling and treatment for it can be stigmatized. It is never weak or shameful to reach out for help, and there are resources available for those who think they might be suffering from PTSD. It can be a chronic and debilitating disorder, but it’s important to know that there are several different treatment options for it. Both trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy and prolonged exposure cognitive processing therapy are common treatment options. Prescription medications can also be used to treat symptoms of depression as well as reduce nightmares and flashbacks. However, some combination of therapy and medication is often the most effective in collectively combating all of the facets of PTSD. “The best way to know what approach is most appropriate for you is to seek out advice from a trauma professional,” says Edmondson. “I would recommend interviewing more than one provider to make sure you are a good fit for each other.”

JANELLE EDMONDSON PSYCHIATRIC NURSE PRACTITIONER/ PRACTICE OWNER, PHOENIX HEALTH, PLLC

ADAM B. BARKELOO PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSE PRACTITIONER, ERLANGER BEHAVIORAL HEALTH HOSPITAL

CHRISTY BELEW CLINICAL MILIEU MANAGER FOR LATENCY PROGRAMS, PARKRIDGE VALLEY CHILD & ADOLESCENT CAMPUS

“Trauma affects people in different ways, so even if you know you have experienced trauma, but don’t think you are having symptoms of PTSD, it doesn’t hurt to have an evaluation,” says Belew. There are often resources available to you at schools, hospitals, and mental health centers in your community. Reach out to them – you don’t have to go through this alone. HS

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Food Allergies as You Age 5 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW

BY ANNA HILL

Everyone can recall a horror story about a food allergy. Maybe you had a playmate when you were younger who couldn’t have food that had been made in the same facility with peanut products or you know of an acquaintance who has to carry around an EpiPen in case they come in contact with shellfish. When you hear about a food allergy, you probably think of the kind that a child develops early in life. However, many people don’t know that food allergies can appear well into adulthood. Keep reading to learn more about these allergies and how to manage them if you think it’s happened to you.


1. Food allergies can develop at any age.

2. Changing immune systems can lead to an allergy emerging in adulthood.

Most allergies do develop during childhood, but this doesn’t mean that they can’t develop later on. While it’s possible for someone to outgrow a childhood allergy, if it’s developed in adulthood, this likely will not happen. The most common allergies for an adult to develop that they hadn’t experienced earlier in life include: • shellfish • fish • eggs • soybeans • wheat • cow’s milk • tree nuts • peanuts

Though the exact cause of food allergies emerging later in life can’t always be determined, there are a few different things that can lead to a food allergy development. As the body ages, the immune system also ages, which can lead to a weaker defense against allergens. It can also be the result of a delayed or extended period of sensitization to an allergen. Sensitization is the first stage of developing an allergy when your body comes in contact with a harmless substance and mistakenly begins to produce IgE antibodies – also known as allergic antibodies – to fight off the substance in question. According to Melanie Moyers, a consultant dietician for Morning Pointe Senior Living, a newly developed allergy in adults can also be the result of a cross-reaction. “For example, if you have a known allergy to grass pollen, this may result in a cross-reaction food allergy to melons, oranges, and tomatoes. An allergy to ragweed pollen may result in a food allergy to banana, cucumber, cantaloupe, watermelon, honeydew, or zucchini,” she explains. Furthermore, stomach acid decreases as a person ages, which can increase susceptibility to sensitivities.

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BE WELL

3. There’s a difference between a food allergy and a food intolerance. A genuine food allergy looks fairly different than just a food intolerance. “A true food allergy is a very specific reaction that occurs usually between one minute and one hour of eating a specific food,” explains Dr. Jennifer Patel, an allergist with Chattanooga Allergy Clinic. An allergic reaction can be life-threatening and can include hives, shortness of breath, swelling, severe stomach pain, and low blood pressure. The only treatment for this kind of reaction is an epinephrine injector, commonly known as an EpiPen or the generic equivalent. If you have a food intolerance, an EpiPen won’t help, as it’s not an allergen causing the symptoms. Food intolerance symptoms are less serious than an allergic reaction and are generally limited to trouble with digestion. Furthermore, some people with a food intolerance can still ingest smaller amounts of the food in question without significant adverse effects. One of the best-known examples of this is lactose intolerance. Some people with this kind of intolerance can still drink lactose-free milk, consume low-dairy cheese, or even still enjoy dairy products every once in a while, as long as they take lactase enzyme pills such as Lactaid.

MELANIE MOYERS CONSULTANT DIETICIAN, MORNING POINTE SENIOR LIVING

DR. JENNIFER PATEL ALLERGIST, CHATTANOOGA ALLERGY CLINIC

4. Food allergy symptoms in children and adults are generally the same. The title says it all. Though allergies can develop at different times in a person’s life, the symptoms are more or less the same across the board. However, some demographics are at a higher risk of being unprepared for a bad reaction. “Teenagers are at a higher risk of reacting, due to being less vigilant about avoiding their allergen, and they are more likely not to carry their epinephrine injector,” says Dr. Patel. Teens are often more likely to engage in risky behavior than other groups, which makes it incredibly important for them to always carry their injector with them.

5. In most cases, the only way to truly manage a food allergy is to avoid the allergen entirely. For the vast majority of adults with food allergies, the only way to make sure you don’t have a reaction is to stay vigilant about not consuming it in any form or fashion – though there is a small exception. “Occasionally, some fruit and vegetable allergies may be managed by cooking the food, which changes the protein structure. This way, the immune system no longer identifies the food as a threat and decreases the food allergy reaction,” Moyers explains. Otherwise, there are several steps you’ll need to take to keep yourself safe. Be sure to check food labels prior to snacking, and avoid inadvertent contact with allergens by staying informed about what’s being prepared in the kitchen where your food is being cooked. Inform your server about your allergy while eating out, and if necessary, bring your own food to functions where you can’t guarantee your ability to avoid cross-contact with the allergen.

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If you suspect you have a food allergy, don’t hesitate to consult with an allergist or your physician. A simple food allergy test can give you the answers you’re looking for. HS

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SILVER SIDE

COMBATING ALLERGIES

This Season By Piper Kyle

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ADVERTORIAL


Spring means flower buds and blooming trees – and if you’re prone to seasonal allergies, it also means sneezing, coughing, a runny nose and other symptoms. Seasonal allergies can also bring hay fever and allergic rhinitis according to the Mayo Clinic. But take heart: Before you settle for fake flowers and artificial turf, there are a few simple strategies you can try to help keep your seasonal allergies under control.

3. Try an over-the-counter remedy. •

*Consult your doctor to make sure these options are good for you.

4. Rinse your sinuses.

1. Reduce your exposure to allergy triggers. •

• • •

On windy, dry days, it is best to stay indoors. The best time to go outside is after a good rain. Rain helps clear the pollen from the air. When you do have to be outside, remove clothes when you get indoors and shower immediately to rinse the pollen from your skin and hair. Try to avoid hanging laundry outside. Pollen can stick on sheets and towels, as well as clothes. Wear a pollen mask when doing outside chores.

2. Take extra steps when the pollen count is high. •

• • •

Seasonal allergy signs and symptoms can flare up when there’s a lot of pollen in the air. Your local weather station is an easy way to check the pollen count in your area. If doctor permitted, start taking allergy medications before your symptoms start. On days when the pollen count is forecasted to be high, keep your doors and windows closed. Avoid outdoor activity in the early morning when pollen counts are the highest.

Antihistamines can help relieve sneezing, itching, a runny nose and watery eyes. Oral decongestants can provide temporary relief from nasal stuffiness. Decongestants also come in nasal sprays. Only use nasal decongestants for a few days in a row. Longer-term use of decongestant nasal sprays can worsen symptoms (and rebound congestion).

Rinsing your nasal passages with saline solution is a quick, reasonable and effective way to relieve nasal congestion. Rinsing directly flushes out mucus and allergens from your nose. Be sure to rinse the irrigation device after each use with similarly distilled, sterile, previously boiled and cooled, or filtered water, and leave it out in the open to air dry.

5. Don’t give up and go see your doctor! •

For many people, avoiding allergens and taking over-the-counter medications will keep allergy symptoms at bay. But if your seasonal allergies seem to be unbearable, there are still several other available treatments. Your doctor may recommend that you have skin or blood tests to find out the source of what triggers your symptoms. Allergy testing can help determine what steps you need to take to defeat allergies and help you discover which treatment is best for you.

Springtime should not be a miserable time. New life in nature begins, flowers awaken and sunshine lasts longer. Follow these tips so you can go out and enjoy beautiful spring days. Life Care Centers of America

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Something to Smile About Chattanooga State’s Dental Hygiene Program boasts a 100% job placement rate and a 100% pass rate on national exams and clinical boards. The program is accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association.

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STAY WELL

Annual Oral Health Section BY ANNA HILL

— Healthy teeth are an easy thing to take for granted, which is why it’s all the more important to take proper care of them. With this section, we aim to help you take charge of your oral health by featuring some of the best technology and procedures that are available to improve the function and appearance of your smile.

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Veneers Convenient and natural-looking, veneers are a great option for improving or restoring your smile.

What Are Veneers?

Dental veneers are thin shells made of porcelain or ceramic that are fitted over existing teeth to create a natural-looking smile. Noteworthy for their durability compared to other restorative options, such as composite resin, veneers also mimic the original tooth enamel in appearance. When put in place, they are bonded directly to the tooth with a strong adhesive and are often permanent.

Who Is a Good Candidate?

Veneers can be an excellent option for someone who has teeth that are damaged in some way, such as chipped or fractured, as well as someone who has teeth that are misshapen or severely discolored. Veneers can be used to replace a single tooth or multiple, depending on the needs of the patient. They can be custom-made to match the shape and color of your existing, intact teeth and can also be used to hide gaps. Veneers are a great option for someone who is looking for quicker smile restoration, as the entire process can be completed in just two weeks.

What Is the Process Like?

The process of placing veneers usually takes place across two dentist visits. At your first, some prep will be done to ready your teeth for the veneers. This usually includes some buffing and surface shaping to allow for the addition of veneers to your smile. Following this, a dental impression will be taken via an intraoral scanner, and those scans will be used in a lab where your permanent veneers will be crafted. In the meantime, your dentist will apply temporary veneers and set up a second appointment with you. At this second appointment, usually two weeks later, the temporary veneers will be removed, your teeth will be cleaned, and the new, permanent veneers will be placed. Once this occurs, your teeth will be cured under a light for 60 seconds to complete the bonding process. After a cleanup and polishing, you’ll be good to go!

What About the Upkeep?

After the procedure is completed, you’ll just care for your new veneers as you would your natural teeth. Dentists also recommend avoiding certain habits, such as chewing ice or biting your nails, to avoid any problems with your veneers. Though they will likely require replacement eventually, taking proper care of them will ensure that they last as long as possible. HS

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An Expert Weighs In “When considering cosmetic dentistry, it’s important to research which options are best for you. Braces, whitening, and veneers are among the most common options, but not the only ones. Scheduling a consultation with your dentist is the first step. Be sure to communicate any questions and concerns you may have and be clear about what your desired expectations are. Sometimes what you are hoping to achieve might not be realistic. It’s better to have these conversations beforehand. After careful examination, your dentist will develop a personalized treatment plan for your smile goals. ” Dr. Mandy Shearer Dentist Soddy Daisy Smiles


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LANAP Laser Treatment This laser surgery can be an excellent option for treating gum disease.

An Expert Weighs In “There are many different types of lasers available in dentistry, and they all have their own advantages and drawbacks. The LANAP laser in particular is the only FDA-approved protocol for regeneration on a diseased tooth surface, meaning that gum tissues previously lost to disease can be regained and fully functional again. This gives us another tool for fighting gum disease.” Dr. Charles McBrayer Periodontist North River Periodontics

Gum disease is a common condition that can be detrimental to your everyday life. Swollen, bleeding gums can cause discomfort while eating, drinking, and brushing your teeth. Furthermore, periodontal disease is progressive, and if left untreated, it can result in more serious problems such as tooth decay or loss and even bone loss. Fortunately, advancements in the treatment of gum disease are being made all the time, and laser gum surgery such as the LANAP treatment can provide a less painful alternative to conventional dental surgery.

What Is LANAP?

LANAP stands for Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure. During this procedure, a laser is used to remove any bacteria that’s causing the gum disease, as well as to slough away any infected tissue. The surgery is usually completed in two sessions, each lasting one to two hours. One side of the mouth is treated per session, and sometimes, splinting of loose teeth may be necessary during the first visit. Following the surgery, you may experience some soreness, and special care will have to be taken with your teeth and gums for a few weeks post-op.

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What Are the Benefits? The LANAP treatment is one of the most successful options when it comes to treating gum disease because it can target the problem without removing healthy tissue from the gums, slow or stop the progression of deteriorating gums, and allow for recovery without the added trauma to the mouth that scalpels or sutures can cause. Other benefits of this procedure include: • Less pain, swelling, and bleeding • Less sensitivity and gum loss • Very little downtime after treatment • Smaller chance of post-op infection • Faster, more comfortable healing • Promotion of gum tissue regeneration

Who Is a Good Candidate? Anyone who is experiencing gum disease might be a good candidate for the LANAP treatment. The lasers used for the procedure don’t interfere with other medical conditions or medications that a patient might be on, and the absence of incisions can make the procedure an even better option for those who suffer from blood disorders or other conditions that might elevate their risk of infection. HS


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Dental Implants For someone looking to restore a smile suffering from decay or trauma, dental implants offer a permanent, fully functional solution.

Why Dental Implants Might Be Needed

The failure or loss of a tooth, which can be caused by gum disease, decay, or even trauma, can be a difficult thing to grapple with. Not only can it be detrimental to your self-esteem, making you self-conscious of your smile, but it can also do serious damage to the health and functionality of your mouth. Damaged or missing teeth can make it more difficult to eat and speak, as well as ultimately lead to degeneration of your remaining teeth, gums, muscles, and jawbone.

How Dental Implants Work

The purpose of a dental implant is to not only restore function to one’s teeth, but to restore their appearance as well. Dental implants are a permanent tooth replacement option that take the place of the missing tooth’s root, eventually grafting to the patient’s existing jawbone. A successful dental implant will rely on a healthy foundation of bone and soft tissue, some of which may need to be augmented, depending on the patient.

Advancements in Dental Implants

As surgical techniques and materials are advancing, it’s become easier than ever to remove a diseased or damaged tooth and follow that immediately with the placement of a dental implant. Temporary restorations are also available to place on the implant while patients wait for their permanent crowns, which can reduce worry about how your smile will appear in between those appointments.

What to Expect From the Procedure

When you go in for a procedure – either to remove the failing tooth, have an implant placed, or prepare for an implant with bone grafting – sedation can be done with local numbing medication or general anesthesia, if preferred. Procedures can often be done on the same day as the evaluation, with the entire process usually taking a few months. At the final stage, your oral surgeon will secure the permanent crown to your implant, fully restoring your smile. Improvements in digital technology and scans can now expedite the process and increase the predictability of the procedure, and the uncomfortable process of making manual dental impressions is often no longer necessary. HS

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An Expert Weighs In “As dental medicine advances, the options for replacing a lost tooth advance and improve as well. While there are many solutions for tooth replacement, dental implants will provide the most natural results when it comes to restoring your smile. Replacing a failing or lost tooth with a dental implant is easier than you might think, and it can be done at the same time that your diseased tooth is being removed.” Dr. Brandon C. Stanley Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon and Implant Specialist Implants and Oral Surgery of Chattanooga


Over 60 Years of Service in the U.S. Air Force, Now Serving Chattanooga BRANDON STANLEY, D.M.D. | RICKY JOHNSON, D.D.S., M.D. | BILL CHILDRESS, D.D.S., M.D.

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Dental Anxiety An Expert Weighs In “Dental anxiety is real! I have patients who require sedation simply to get their teeth cleaned. All of our senses are on red alert in the dental chair. The whirring of the bur, the scraping, the smell, the needles – it’s all fearinducing. We offer oral conscious sedation and IV sedation in our office because I want my patients to have the most comfortable experience possible. That way, I know they will leave healthier and with less fear than when they braved the first visit to our office.” Dr. Damien Armstrong Dentist River City Dentistry

If just thinking about your biannual dentist appointment makes you nervous, you’re not alone. Dental anxiety is extremely common, affecting between 30 and 50 million people. There are varying degrees of dental anxiety, ranging from minor stress to severe phobia, and common causes include a fear of pain, feelings of helplessness, embarrassment, or negative past experiences.

What Can It Lead To?

If dental anxiety is extreme enough that it’s causing you to avoid dental appointments, your oral health will suffer. Skipping regular checkups can put you at a higher risk of developing dental issues that lead to dental pain. This habit of delay leads to more emergent visits and therefore an increase of stress and fear.

How to Combat It

If you have dental anxiety, taking these steps can help you manage it: • DISCOVER. Research sedation dentistry. This is the use of medication to help patients relax during dental procedures, and it requires specialty training and licensure to administer. There are differing levels of sedation,

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ranging from minimal, where you are awake but relaxed, to general anesthesia, where you are completely unconscious. If you are a candidate for sedation dentistry, medicine can be administered to ensure a comfortable procedure. • CONSULT. Ask your dentist about the sedation options

available to you. Many offices just offer nitrous oxide (“laughing gas”). Although still commonly used, the efficacy of this gas is often not enough for a patient to dissociate from an anxious experience. Medicine that puts one into a twilight mode, on the other hand, called conscious sedation, will often relieve most, if not all, anxiousness. Conscious sedation is typically administered through a pill or an IV. Following a dental procedure, most patients have little to no memory of the experience. • BE BRAVE. Make the appointment and discuss your

concerns with your sedation dentist. Determine if you are a candidate for either oral or IV sedation and take the steps necessary to maintain your oral health. You will slowly but surely find yourself going to the dentist without associating these visits with fear. HS


Dr. Taylor Blaylock DMD

Dr. Damien Armstrong Dr. Claire Logan DDS

Dr. Damien F. Armstrong DMD

Your new dental home. River City Dentistry is a state-of-the-art practice with compassionate and friendly dentists, hygienists, and assistants. We offer cosmetic, restorative, general, emergency, and oral & IV sedation dentistry for you and your entire family. Call 423.486.9650 to schedule your appointment today or visit

FAMILY, COSMETIC, & SEDATION DENTISTRY

MyRiverCityDentist.com for more information.

DOWNTOWN CHATTANOOGA OFFICE

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1405 Cowart Street, Suite 101 Chattanooga, TN 37408

3328 Jenkins Road, Suite 100 Chattanooga, TN 37421

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Monday – Friday: 8am–5pm Saturday by appointment only

Monday – Friday: 8am–5pm Saturday by appointment only


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Teeth Whitening Brighter, whiter teeth can be one of the best ways to boost your confidence about your smile.

Why Do Teeth Get Discolored?

There are several different reasons that your pearly whites might end up stained or discolored. Both internal and external causes can lead to a change in color in your smile. For example, if you regularly consume beverages such as coffee, tea, soda, red wine, juice, or sports drinks, or eat colorful produce like berries or beets, this can lead to persisting stains on the teeth. If you smoke regularly or chew tobacco, nicotine can also stain and darken your smile. There are also several internal factors that can lead to discolored teeth. This can include a serious injury to the mouth, where bleeding inside a tooth can darken its color, or excess ingestion of fluoride as a child. There are also some medications that can change the color of your teeth, such as certain antibiotics or types of chemotherapy.

How Does Teeth Whitening Work?

If you’re looking for a whiter smile, there are a few different options. While some opt for in-office bleaching, take-home care can be a great choice as well. To use take-home whitening treatments, a dentist will take an impression of your teeth at your appointment in order to create a custom-fitted mouth tray. Once you have your custom tray, all you need to do is fill them with the professional-grade bleaching gel provided by your dentist, put the tray in place over your teeth, and wear them for the length of time your dentist recommends. Most patients will use the trays from one to four weeks in order to achieve the results they’re looking for.

What Are the Benefits of Take-Home Whitening?

Whitening your teeth can be an excellent confidence booster for someone who is self-conscious of their smile and worries about the way their teeth appear in photos or when meeting new people. The added benefit of being able to whiten your teeth at home is the convenience – you can do it on your own time whenever it best suits your daily schedule and routines. Furthermore, if you notice that further down the road, your teeth are looking a little dull, you can easily touch up your smile at home with this take-home whitening method. HS

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An Expert Weighs In “There are significant differences between professional and over-the-counter whitening treatments. To get the best results for our patients, we recommend combining professional-strength bleaching in custom trays for home wear followed by an in-office professional application. This targets the surface of the teeth with the in-office application while the home regimen whitens the inside of the tooth for a dazzling overall result. To aid patients with concerns regarding sensitivity during the bleaching process, our office has chosen a product strictly formulated to combat sensitivity on even the most susceptible patients. We believe everyone should have the bright smile they want and deserve.” Drs. Jancy Parkerson-McGovern & Daniel McGovern Dentists Chattanooga Dental Arts


Come see why Chattanooga is home to the most beautiful smiles in the US! We offer high-quality, affordable dental care delivered in a warm, relaxing atmosphere. In addition to general dentistry, we offer IV conscious sedation, dental implants, surgical extractions/wisdom teeth removal, botox/fillers and much more. Come and feel the difference.

Drs. Jancy ParkersonMcGovern & Daniel McGovern

PROUDLY SERVING CHATTANOOGA & SURROUNDING AREAS We offer patients: • A variety of general & cosmetic dental offerings • Flexible financing options for every budget • Complete smile makeovers • Competitive and affordable pricing • Conservative & minimally-invasive dentistry

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Wisdom Teeth Removal A common procedure, wisdom teeth removal can help to prevent infection and crowding of the teeth.

An Expert Weighs In “Taking out wisdom teeth is the mainstay of our practice. It’s a great demographic to do surgery on, as most patients are healthy teenagers who experience little to no complications. The average age for wisdom teeth removal is between 15 and 21 years of age, but it’s not unusual to see older adults as well. Patients undergoing wisdom teeth removal are given a safe, brief, general anesthetic during the procedure and wake up without even knowing the procedure has taken place. Typical healing takes two to three days.” Dr. John Spann Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon Center for Oral Facial & Implant Surgery

Where Do Wisdom Teeth Fit In?

Signs That It Is Time for Extraction

Why Should You Get Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?

What Is the Procedure Like?

An average set of adult teeth is made up of 32 teeth, all with their own unique shape and function. At the front are the incisors, canines, and bicuspids, which are used to bite. In the back are two sets of molars, used for chewing. Wisdom teeth make up the third set of molars at the very back of the mouth and are the last teeth to emerge through the gumline. While most permanent teeth come in between the ages of 6 and 12, wisdom teeth are more likely to come in later, between the ages of 17 and 25. Since they’re the last molars to come in, they are often impacted, which means that there isn’t quite enough room for them to fit in the mouth.

Impacted wisdom teeth can not only be painful, but can also lead to the growth of bacteria around said teeth, which in turn can cause an infection called pericoronitis. Incoming wisdom teeth can also put pressure on neighboring teeth, which can cause misalignment. In some cases, cysts or tumors can grow around wisdom teeth and cause jaw deterioration, but this is rare.

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There are many different symptoms you can experience that might indicate that it’s time to speak with your dentist or oral surgeon about your wisdom teeth. If you’ve been experiencing any of the following symptoms, consider scheduling an appointment: • Swelling of the gums in the back of the mouth or side of the jaw • Bad breath • Pain when biting or chewing • Pain or irritation when opening your mouth • Unpleasant taste in your mouth • Headache or jaw ache • Swollen lymph nodes in your neck

When the time comes to have your wisdom teeth removed, you and your dentist or oral surgeon will have a conversation about whether general or local anesthesia is the ideal option for your procedure. A specialist will examine your X-rays to evaluate the best course of action for the removal before proceeding with the surgery. Post-op, you’ll be given instructions for aftercare, and a follow-up appointment will be scheduled to ensure proper healing of the mouth. HS


ASSOCIATES IN ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, P.C.

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Root Canals This procedure not only relieves pain, but also protects from further infection and decay.

The Anatomy of a Tooth

Teeth are made up of four different kinds of tissues – three hard and one soft. The soft tissue, or pulp, is located at the center of the tooth, called the pulp chamber. The pulp is made up of connective tissue, blood vessels, and nerves, all of which can get inflamed if bacteria enter the pulp chamber. This can lead to infection, decay, abscesses, and even bone damage and cell death. The causes of this invasive bacteria can include repeated dental procedures, a faulty crown, or a cracked tooth.

What Is a Root Canal?

A root canal is a procedure that removes dead, infected, or damaged pulp from a tooth. This can relieve pain and protect your gums, jaw, and surrounding teeth from further infection or nerve damage and decay. In the past, the primary treatment for unhealthy tooth pulp was simply tooth extraction. Now, whenever a root canal is feasible, it is almost always the better option, as it allows you to maintain your natural smile and avoid continuing dental work.

How Do I Know If I Might Need One? • • • • • • • •

Your tooth is extra sensitive to heat and cold. Your tooth is dark or discolored. Your tooth or filling is cracked or broken. You have severe pain with pressure or when eating. You have a large, visible cavity. You have an abscess on the gum line. You have pus draining into your mouth. You have a foul taste or odor emanating from the tooth.

What Happens During the Procedure?

A root canal is a three-step process. First, the top of your tooth is opened, which exposes the damaged pulp. Following this, the interior of the tooth is cleaned out and replaced with a filling. Finally, the tooth is sealed back up, and in some cases, a crown is placed in order to prevent bone loss and the spread of infection. The procedure itself is painless, as your dentist or endodontist will first numb your tooth with a local anesthetic. You may experience some pain following the procedure, but it can be managed with good aftercare, such as: • Taking over-the-counter pain medications • Avoiding sticky and hard foods • Avoiding chewing with the treated area • Brushing and flossing as normal • Completing an antibiotic regimen as prescribed HS

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An Expert Weighs In “When looking for root canal care, patients should consider seeing an endodontist. An endodontist is a dental specialist trained in treating tooth pain and performing complex root canals. Certain teeth, especially multirooted teeth like molars and premolars, may be difficult to treat with standard root canal therapy. Fortunately, endodontists have experience in treating complex root canal systems. When it comes to dental discomfort, an endodontist can typically relieve your pain and get you back to work the same day.” Chattanooga Area Endodontists


Your Chattanooga Area Endodontists Root Canal Specialists We support the Greater Chattanooga area General Dentists and we are proud to partner with them to make every effort to help patients maintain their natural teeth and keep healthy, beautiful smiles.

ENDODONTIC GROUP PC

EAST TENNESSEE ENDODONTICS

SOUTHEASTERN ENDODONTICS

Kevin P. Bryant, DMD 1001 Carter St., Suite H Chattanooga, TN 37402 (423) 267-1853

Joseph B. Milholm, DMD Erik E. Jansen, DMD Jason D. Latham, DMD, MSD Chattanooga: 1720 Gunbarrel Rd., Suite 308 Cleveland: 2222 Chambliss Ave. N.W. Ooltewah: 5572 Little Debbie Pkwy., Suite 120 (423) 892-3131

Matthew Brock, DDS, MSD Yvette Burns, DDS, MS 2030 Hamilton Place Blvd., Suite 380 Chattanooga, TN 37421 (423) 892-4727

Specialist Members of the American Association of Endodontists www.aae.org


S TAY W E L L A N N U A L O R A L H E A LT H S E C T I O N

Invisalign Invisalign clear aligners are an excellent alternative to braces for those in search of a more discreet option for straightening their teeth. Wanting a straighter, more properly aligned smile is incredibly common. For some, misaligned teeth can even go so far as to hurt their self-esteem and prevent them from smiling in social situations. Previously, braces were the primary solution to this. However, Invisalign can achieve the same goals that traditional braces strive for without the discomfort, inconvenience, and disruptive appearance of braces.

How Does Invisalign Work? The first step toward straighter teeth with Invisalign is a consultation with your orthodontist. At the office, a 3D digital scan will be taken of your mouth and then evaluated in order for a treatment plan to be laid out for you. From this scan, your orthodontist will also do a simulation of what your teeth could look like after your Invisalign treatment is complete. Following this, your custom aligners will be ordered, and your orthodontist will examine the first set while it’s on your teeth to ensure that the fit is correct. After your appointment, you’ll visit with your orthodontist periodically so that they can monitor your progress. Once your teeth have been fully re-aligned, you’ll be fitted with retainers to maintain your new smile.

Who Is a Good Candidate? Invisalign is a great option for a wide variety of candidates, including anyone experiencing the following: • Overbite • Underbite • Crossbite • Open bite • Gapped teeth • Crowded teeth There are also Invisalign options for younger people who still have a mix of baby and permanent teeth but need correction or prevention for existing or developing bite issues.

What Are the Benefits? There are many benefits for Invisalign when comparing them to traditional braces. They’re more comfortable in the mouth and are easily removable when it’s time to eat or brush your teeth. They’re also much more discreet than the braces that are attached to the front of your teeth and can achieve results in as little as six months. HS

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An Expert Weighs In “I have seen Invisalign transform not only smiles, but also the lives of our patients. Today’s Invisalign technology is advanced and can treat a multitude of issues with a patient’s bite or smile. Some bites are actually better suited to treat with Invisalign than they are with braces, resulting in a much better outcome. Invisalign keeps progressing every year, and I am excited to see what advancements they offer in the future. I’m constantly amazed at the results I’m seeing with my Invisalign patients!” Cheryl W. Aldridge, DMD, MS Orthodontist Greater Chattanooga Orthodontics


Call or Text (423) 518-0049 to Schedule your FREE Consultation!



Cheryl W. Aldridge, DMD, MS

1829 GUNBARREL RD. GreaterChattanooGaorthodontiCs.Com


S TAY W E L L A N N U A L O R A L H E A LT H S E C T I O N

CEREC With this technology, many dental treatment options are more convenient and less invasive than they have been in the past.

What Is CEREC?

CEREC, which stands for Chairside Economical Restoration of Esthetic Ceramic, is a same-day dental treatment option that can restore your smile with the help of computer-aided design and manufacturing. With CEREC, dental restorations can be created in-office, reducing the amount of dentist visits you might have to make in order to have them fabricated and placed. It can be used to design and create crowns, inlays, onlays, fixed bridges, veneers, and other oral appliances.

How Does It Work?

At your dentist’s office, after preparing your mouth, your dentist will use a CEREC intraoral scanner to take a digital impression of your mouth. They will then use computer design software to create your restoration that’s customized to your teeth and mouth. Following this, the design specifications will be sent to the equipment that crafts the restoration, which will then be placed in your mouth, adjusted as necessary, and bonded to your tooth.

What Are the Benefits?

CEREC restorations are a custom, dentist-designed option that can be placed in just one dentist visit, but that isn’t the only factor that makes them a desirable choice. Other benefits include: HEIGHTENED CONVENIENCE. Not only does in-office restoration design and creation expedite the process of having it placed in your mouth, but it also cuts back on the inconvenience of interim solutions, such as temporary crowns. In addition, it avoids the need for manual impressions to be taken at your dentist visit, which is a slower and less comfortable process than a digital scan. LESS INVASIVE. The CEREC system not only saves time, but it can also save more of your tooth. It’s less invasive than some other techniques and requires less drilling, which allows for better preservation of existing teeth. CEREC also offers an inlay/onlay option, which is a more conservative alternative to replacement with a crown. INCREASED ACCURACY. With CEREC’s fabrication process, your dentist maintains more control over the process, and it yields highly accurate results that fit more correctly in the mouth because dentists design it themselves with you. If you’re looking for smile restoration but are in search of not only a more convenient, but also less invasive treatment option, CEREC can be an excellent method of tooth replacement or preservation, whether you’re looking to restore function to your smile or simply restore its appearance. HS

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An Expert Weighs In “There are some obvious conveniences to CEREC, but what we don’t often discuss is that the digital scan allows for a more precise natural restoration and also allows the doctor to design the tooth with you right there beside them. Furthermore, this technology gives us instant feedback on how the restoration will fit in the mouth before it is created, thanks to software analysis. It can also open up more tooth conservation treatment methods, such as an inlay or onlay, instead of a crown. These restorations allow us to save as much natural tooth structure as possible and only treat the damaged part of the tooth.” Dr. James Fedusenko Dentist The Good Dentist


We give back 1% of what we do to various Chattanooga area non-profits. Schedule Online: thegooddentistchattanooga.com 423-521-1984 3326 Jenkins Road Suite 103 Chattanooga, TN 37421


MEET OUR MODEL

Karlene Claridy For Karlene Claridy, the demanding decade known as her 30s has come and gone, but she’s not slowing down anytime soon. A devoted wife and mother of two, Claridy will soon be an empty nester but is looking forward to living out her 40s by being focused, fun-loving, and the embodiment of fortitude. Although recent years have brought Claridy her fair share of loss, she has learned to prioritize setting aside time for herself and leaning on loved ones in order to be the very best version of herself and make the most of life’s little moments.

HS What have been your goals for this decade of your life? KC My goals for this decade have been to put myself and my health first! During my 30s, I focused on raising my children, being a supportive wife, and building my business, Claridy Communications. I would start my day and end my day focused on everyone else but me. At the start of my 40s, I made sure to schedule time for me by getting in the routine of placing workouts on my calendar. I also focus on daily self-care practices, which include prayer, meditation, and preparing healthy gourmet meals. HS And the next decade? KC After raising my children over the past two decades, I will charter new territory during my next decade as an empty nester. I will have to find ways to fill the void with my newfound flexibility. I plan to travel more, take longer walks, find a new outdoor hobby, go to sleep earlier, dust off my clarinet, and become fluent in Spanish. I can’t wait to see what God has in store for me! HS What have you enjoyed most and least about your 40s? KC I encountered a lot of tragedy during this decade. I lost my parents within nine months of each other in 2018, and since then, I have lost 10 aunts and uncles. Prior to my favorite aunt passing, she shared a prophetic token of wisdom with me. She encouraged me to focus on the memories and the laughter, not the loss. Well, prayer combined with counseling, reflecting on happy memories, and finding ways to get more belly laughs have kept me afloat. HS What are some of the biggest lessons you’ve learned during this decade? KC First, laughter is good for your heart and soul. Second, the importance of caring for your mental health. And third, the importance of cherishing and celebrating those around you because sometimes we have to say goodbye entirely too early. HS If you could give one piece of advice to someone about to enter their 40s, what would it be? KC Time speeds up as you age. Don’t put something off. Maximize your minutes by intentionally taking care of your mind, body, and soul. Value your happiness and surround yourself with people who value, appreciate, and celebrate you and your growth. And most importantly, take care of your mental, spiritual, and physical well-being. You only have one life to live, so live it to the fullest! HS Photo by Lanewood Studio

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LOOK WELL

Short and Sweet Shorts are often relegated to the realm of comfort and convenience – a must on the hottest of summer days. But wearing shorts doesn’t have to mean sacrificing style. Shorts are versatile and fashionable and can be dressed up or dressed down, mixed and matched with an array of different tops and accessories. When it comes to shorts, ensemble options are never in short supply. Whatever look you’re going for, don’t be afraid to work shorts into your wardrobe rotation. After all, life is short. Here are some stylish shorts from local boutiques.

PHOTOGRAPHY BY RICH SMITH

“Denim shorts are one of my favorite go-tos for warmer days. These are great for a summer casual look with the frayed cutoff hem in a lighter vintage wash. Pair it with a tee and hit the road.” Ani Yacoubian, Yacoubian Tailors

Model: Jaclyn Glass, East Brainerd

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“This short option by Milly works so well, as it is a little longer than most. Mixing the floral pattern with the stripes creates a unique blend of neutrals.” Terri Holley, Embellish

“One statement we hear year after year is, ‘I’m too old to wear shorts.’ Ladies, we are here to tell you that you can rock shorts at any age! Longer inseam shorts in every fabric and style – like our Miranda Belted Short – are trending this year, making it easy for everyone to find a pair they can feel comfortable in.” Janet Miller, Irma Marie HS

Model: Sarah Reilly, Chattanooga

Model: Jan Daniels, Chattanooga

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LOOK WELL

Think Inside the Box SUBSCRIPTION BEAUTY BOXES

With a subscription, you can have a beauty box sent to you that arrives full of fun and useful health and beauty products, from makeup to skincare to shampoo. Maybe your beauty regimen needs a boost, or you’re not sure what to choose among the vast array of products out there. Perhaps you’re a beauty pro who wants to add something new to your repertoire – or maybe you just like getting cool things delivered to your doorstep. Whichever is the case, there’s a beauty box for you. Here are a few popular options.

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1. FabFitFun Arriving four times a year, FabFitFun’s seasonal boxes offer a broader take on health and beauty products, to include such fashion and wellness items as slippers, plant seeds, and duffel bags – in addition to makeup and skincare options. Every box comes with eight full-sized items, three to five of which you get to pick out yourself. FabFitFun provides various perks to members, including free shipping, along with workouts and makeup tips on FabFitFun TV.

2. IPSY

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Highly customized, IPSY boxes are based on a get-to-know-you questionnaire that you fill out to specify your physical traits (eye color, hair color, etc.), as well as your preferences (Do you wear foundation? Prefer neutral or “adventurous” eyeshadow colors?). Choose from fullsized or sample-sized, and you’ll get five items sent to you in an attractive makeup pouch that you can use again.

3. Birchbox With a mission to be approachable and userfriendly, Birchbox offers products that fit their “beauty casual” theme. Like IPSY, Birchbox asks you to fill out a questionnaire in order to send you better-suited products, which include five sample-sized items selected by beauty experts. They also allow you to customize your monthly boxes, including offering “clean beauty” options if you want to avoid certain ingredients. Subscribers are eligible for discounts and free gifts.

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4. BoxyCharm Each of these boxes comes with at least five full-sized beauty items, from mascara to moisturizer, lipsticks to liners, creams to cleansers. BoxyCharm also offers makeup tips on their social media channels, so you can learn how to put their products to maximum use. Pick from three product levels and prices – including basic (with five products), premium (includes six items), or luxe (eight products) – as well as monthly, three-month, six-month, or yearly subscription options. HS

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LOOK WELL

About Face: Types of Acne and How to Treat Them BY KATHY BRADSHAW

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hen your skin breaks out, it makes you want to put a bag over your head, hide behind your hair, or stay home and watch Netflix. Even if not noticeable to others, that little pimple is all that you see when you look at yourself in the mirror. Acne can affect your self-esteem and mental well-being. But what are some of the different types of acne, and what can you do about them?

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One of the most serious and hard-to-treat forms of acne is known as cystic acne. As the name suggests, this is when large, red, painful cysts form below the surface of the skin. It is the result of an infection from bacteria, dry skin cells, and oil clogging your pores and is common in those with hormonal imbalances. Although this type of acne may lessen as you age, it can also be treated with medication prescribed by a doctor, but it may require more than one medication. Some doctors also suggest steroid injections. Cystic acne is very prone to scarring, so avoid picking at it. Fungal acne is caused by yeast, which is a fungus, and results in a series of small, uniformly sized pimples, as well as skin irritation and often itching. It affects the hair follicles and may appear after taking certain medications, wearing tight or wet clothes, having a suppressed immune system, changing your diet, or spending time in warm climates. The best way to treat fungal acne is by removing the acne-causing yeast from the surface of your skin. There are both overthe-counter and prescription medications that can help, but you can also fight fungal acne by showering frequently, especially after sweating; wearing loose-fitting clothing that doesn’t rub the skin and allows it to breathe; or washing your skin with a dandruff shampoo. You’ll most likely not make it through life without experiencing blackheads and whiteheads. But luckily, these forms of acne are among the easiest to treat. Both blackheads and whiteheads fit under the category of noninflammatory acne, meaning that these pimples don’t tend to swell. They are caused by the pores getting clogged by oil and other substances secreted by the skin along with dead skin cells and bacteria. Blackheads and whiteheads are usually treated with medications or cleansers made with salicylic acid, or a topical retinoid. In more severe cases, oral medications prescribed by a doctor, laser treatments, chemical peels, or microdermabrasion may be used. Inflammatory acne is red and swollen and frequently results from the pores getting clogged by bacteria, in addition to the usual dead skin cells and oil. Types of inflammatory acne include papules, pustules, and nodules, as well as the cysts discussed above. Papules occur when the clogged pore breaks down, releasing the bacteria and other foreign particles into the surrounding area, thus causing inflamed lesions that appear as small, red, and sometimes painful bumps on the skin. Pustules are similar to papules except that, as the name implies, they contain pus and have white centers on the skin’s surface. In the case of nodules, the bacteria inside the clogged pore causes an infection deep within the skin, resulting in large and tender bumps. Inflammatory acne is best treated with medication – either topical or oral treatments (such as benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, or birth control pills containing both estrogen and progesterone), depending on the type and severity of the acne. HS

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A LONG WAY TO GROW A Guide to Growing Out Your Hair Samson in the Bible got his strength from his hair. Rapunzel let down her long locks to snag her Prince Charming. Botticelli’s Venus wrapped herself with her luxurious waist-length tresses. Long hair has long been associated with beauty and vitality. If you’re tearing your hair out trying to figure out how to get that gorgeous long hair, we can help. Here are some tips for growing out your hair – so you, too, can have the mane of your dreams.

BY KATHY BRADSHAW

CUT

It may feel counterintuitive, but regular haircuts will help your hair stay healthy from root to end, which makes it easier to grow it to the length you desire. It gets rid of the bad ends that can compromise the strength of your strands and lead to breakage. You don’t need to lose a lot of length, however – just a short trim, or a “dusting,” will do the trick.

CLEANSE

Washing your hair can be good, but it can also remove a lot of the moisture needed to keep your hair growing strong. The experts recommend applying a pre-wash treatment before you shampoo to add a protective layer.

CONDITION

To keep your hair healthy and hydrated to reach the desired length and shine, hairstylists suggest getting regular deep-conditioning treatments, as often as once a week.

SUPPLEMENT

If your hair needs a boost, help it from the inside out. Various vitamins and supplements, such as silica, riboflavin, and vitamin B2, can help encourage hair growth.

SLEEP

This one is easy to remember: silky pillowcase = silky hair. Cotton can be drying to the hair, and it’s recommended that you sleep on a silk pillowcase instead, to keep your hair from being damaged or dried out.

EAT WELL

Your diet can affect how quickly and how well your hair grows. Nutritionists say that a diet rich in vitamins C and B, iron, zinc, omega-3s, and protein is the way to put hairs on your head. They suggest foods such as salmon, eggs, beans, hemp seeds, oysters, and leafy greens.

BE PATIENT

Sit back and wait, because it’s going to take a while for your hair to grow out. For lengthy locks, it’s a lengthy process. So don’t give up, even when your patience is hanging on by a hair. HS

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Meet Our Doctors

LOV E , CA R E , & H E A L I N G OT H E RS

— Compassionate and experienced, these doctors have studied, trained, and specialized in providing the highest-quality healthcare. What follows are local men and women who are leading with the utmost in quality care.

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Meet Our Doctors

REFI NING REL ATION S H IPS

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or Dr. Roxanne Phillips, who has been practicing nursing for a little over a decade, providing excellent care boils down to relationships. The relationship-based care model that guides Dr. Phillips’ practice focuses on improving patient and coworker relationships and is key to bettering patient outcomes, elevating satisfaction, and reducing caregiver burnout. “I wanted to get a doctorate degree because of my interest in quality improvement and education,” says Dr. Phillips. “The goal is improving the overall quality of care while being cognizant of the cost. This is why a team-based approach is great.” Everyone from front office specialists to medical assistants to surgeons plays an important role in the patient experience, and Dr. Phillips takes great pride in being part of that team.

Do not underestimate the importance of nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle choices. It’s not too late to start making changes that can have a major impact later!” 84

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DR. ROXANNE PHILLIPS VAS C U L A R I N ST I T U T E OF C HAT TA NO O G A

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What do you love most about your profession?

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What is one of your happiest professional moments?

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What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

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What’s the key to making a great first impression?

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Why have you chosen this field of specialty?

I love that my colleagues are only a text or phone call away when I need advice on a tough case. l also love the ongoing relationship that develops with the patients I treat.

I remember seeing a patient years ago for a routine follow-up appointment. He told me, “I tried that diet you recommended. It has changed my life. Thank you!” He had lost more than 30 pounds and cured his high blood pressure and sleep apnea.

New technology is constantly in development to treat complex vascular issues with better outcomes and a faster recovery. I see patients all the time who have been told in the past that there was nothing left to do for their condition. That is not always the case anymore.

Being a good active listener and mindful of your body language is everything! Most people don’t want to be at the doctor’s office in the first place and may have reservations about sharing things, so I try to be warm and welcoming to ease the process for them.

I appreciate the ability to specialize in an area such as vascular disease as a nurse practitioner. Since I am not performing surgery, I enjoy the challenge and complexity of the medical treatment of vascular disease and educating patients on the bigger picture.

SPECIAL PROMOTIONAL SECTION


ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Nursing Practice Degree: University of Alabama at Birmingham – Birmingham, AL Certifications: Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner (AGNP) American Academy of Nurse Practitioners

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Vascular disease Cardiovascular disease prevention

CONNECT 423.602.2750 Vascular Institute of Chattanooga 4622 Battlefield Parkway Ringgold, GA 30736 vascularinstituteof chattanooga.com


Meet Our Doctors

OPTIMIZING OU TCOMES AND RECOVERY TIME

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or Dr. Mitch Dizon, making sure patients receive quality care through minimally invasive processes and procedures is of the utmost importance. “There’s no better reward than a patient coming to see me after a surgery and telling me that their life has been greatly improved,” says Dr. Dizon. “I want women to have the safest and least invasive options for surgery while simultaneously improving their outcomes and recovery time.” As new advancements in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery arise, Dr. Dizon enjoys being able to provide women who previously thought they could not have surgery with updated options for care.

I love how my patients can get immediate results from their surgeries. We are always looking for new and innovative ways to improve outcomes.”

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DR. MITCH DIZON E R L A NG E R WOM E N’ S H E A LT H

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What is your best advice for patients?

Always ask your surgeon if there is a minimally invasive route and if so, how many procedures the surgeon has successfully performed to get a better idea of their typical patient outcomes.

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What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

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What’s the key to making a great first impression?

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What would you consider to be your main strengths?

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What is your philosophy when it comes to the care of your patients?

We are developing methods to offer more minimally invasive options that can decrease pain and lead to a faster recovery so women can return to their normal, everyday lives.

Listening and understanding what my patients have gone through. I see so many women who have tried many different treatments and have been frustrated for so long.

My perseverance and compassion. My patients deserve a doctor who understands them and is committed to giving them the best possible outcome.

I treat my patients the same way I want my family to be treated.

SPECIAL PROMOTIONAL SECTION


ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine – Birmingham, AL Certifications: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (MIGS) Abnormal uterine bleeding Complex laparoscopic and robotic surgery Endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and pelvic pain

CONNECT 423.778.6447 Erlanger Women’s Health 979 E. Third St., Suite C-725 Chattanooga, TN 37403 erlanger.org/ womenshealth


Meet Our Doctors

S T E WARDI NG K I NDNESS

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fter working in a variety of other industries and after his mother was a hospice patient herself, Dr. Gregory Phelps found his way to the hospice and palliative care field, where he has been practicing for over 40 years. Dr. Phelps aims to always do what is right for the patient and prides himself on being a kind professional and a great listener. “We are in a unique position and are present when patients and families are facing life-threatening medical news and suffering,” says Dr. Phelps. “Our goal is to step in and help bring healing to patients and their families and make sure they have the best care in a time that is particularly precious.”

DR. GREGORY PHELPS A L L E O H E A LT H SYST E M

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What do you love most about your profession?

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What does your daily routine look like?

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What would you consider to be your main strengths?

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What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

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What is one of your happiest professional moments?

I love the multiple facets of medical, social, and spiritual care and the opportunity to focus on the whole person, their family, and their environment. It is intensely spiritual work and involves an entire team.

Some days include direct care and talking with patients, while some are full of writing or teaching. Other days I can be found doing administrative tasks or at community or public relations engagements helping educate others about care near the end of life. Some days include all of these things!

My kindness and willingness to listen and learn. I love hearing patients’ stories, and I became a doctor because I wanted to help people and make a difference in the world.

Professionals, along with the general public, are beginning to see that end-of-life care is not a failure of healthcare but part of life.

My philosophy is to be kind, to not judge others, and to always do what is best for the patient.”

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It was a time when we were able to reunite a family in dysfunction for one of our patients. It went a long way in elevating their comfort and care during such an important time.

SPECIAL PROMOTIONAL SECTION


ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: The Medical University of South Carolina – Charleston, SC Certifications: Family Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, American Board of Family Medicine Occupational Medicine, American Board of Preventive Medicine

Recognitions: Fellow of the American Academy of Family Medicine Fellow of the American College of Preventive Medicine

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Hospice and palliative medicine Family medicine Preventive medicine

CONNECT 423.892.4289 Alleo Health System 4411 Oakwood Drive Chattanooga, TN 37416 hospiceof chattanooga.org


Meet Our Doctors

RESTORING C OM FORT T H ROUGH CARING

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hen Dr. Alan Koffron was growing up, his father was a woodworker who could fix nearly anything. “Between my father’s career and working as a veterinary technician in high school where I was able to assist with surgery, I wanted to take the ‘fix it’ mindset and apply it to patients,” Dr. Koffron says. Now, he has been practicing for 26 years and loves the challenge and reward that comes with restoring organs, but he notes that patient input and teamwork among the staff is what truly elevates the experience. “Our staff is very supportive of one another, and it allows us to tailor our care for individuals’ particular needs,” says Dr. Koffron. “One of my personal philosophies is to always listen to the patient – they know themselves best. Just being sincere and caring makes everything else much easier.”

DR . ALAN KOFFRON ER L A N GER K IDNE Y TR A NSPL A N T CEN TER

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What do you love most about your profession?

I love returning patients to health. Many organ recipients have been ill for years prior to a transplant, and it is a pleasure to be a part of the new life that they can enjoy.

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What is one of your happiest professional moments?

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What is your best advice for patients?

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What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

5

What would you consider to be your main strengths?

Being a part of the creation and validation of a minimally invasive organ donation. Organ donors are heroes – anything we can invent or create to help them donate and speed their recovery is foremost.

Ask questions. Everyone is different and has different personal worries and needs. Your care team needs your input to help address those.

By far, it’s medication advances. The medications effectively prevent organ rejection, so that recipients need less medication and experience fewer side effects.

The innovation needed to replace an organ in a way that it works in a new individual is challenging and extremely rewarding.”

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Keeping an open mind. I always try to keep improving, take advice, and find those people and examples that can elevate my skills.

SPECIAL PROMOTIONAL SECTION


ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa – Iowa City, IA

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Multiple-organ transplant surgery Hepatobiliary surgery Pediatric liver transplant surgery

CONNECT 423.778.2521 Erlanger Kidney Transplant Center 979 E. Third St., Suite B-1002 Chattanooga, TN 37403 erlanger.org/ kidneytransplant


Meet Our Doctors

PR IORITIZING

DR. STEPHANIE SHERIDAN

PATIENT COM FORT

VAS C U L A R I N ST I T U T E OF C HAT TA NO O G A

AND CARE

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love of learning and helping others is at the core of who Dr. Stephanie Sheridan is. After receiving her Doctorate of Nursing Practice in 2013, Dr. Sheridan found her way to the Vascular Institute of Chattanooga, where she specializes in nephrology. Regardless of who or what she is treating, relating to her patients and helping them feel comfortable is a top priority for Dr. Sheridan. “I always give my patients 110%. I work hard to care for my patients, and I do what I can because I love what I do,” she says. “I love working for a practice that has the capability to offer full vascular services and to get people in quickly for care.”

I always tell my patients that no one is perfect. I recommend that they try to follow the 80/20 rule – do their best 80% of the time and enjoy the comforts of life the other 20%.”

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1

What do you love most about your profession?

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What’s the key to making a great first impression?

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What accolades mean the most to you?

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How long have you been practicing?

5

Why did you choose to pursue the field you did?

I love helping people. Having the ability to see a critical limb, obtain an ultrasound, and schedule the patient for surgery all in the same day allows me to provide the highest quality of care.

A first impression is everything. I try to be pleasant and understandable. I spend time ensuring that patient is comfortable and fully understands the treatment process. I take the time to listen to the patient’s needs, educate them on their health condition, and provide them with solutions.

There’s nothing more rewarding than being able to help patients and majorly impact their life by saving a limb. It also means a lot when people come in because a friend or family member had a good experience and referred them.

I obtained my Associate of Science in Nursing in 1996 and my Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 2003. I received my master’s in 2006 from Southern Adventist University, all while having two babies. I obtained my Doctorate of Nursing Practice from UTC in 2013.

I am ambitious, and I love to learn. I chose to pursue my terminal degree of the Doctor of Nursing Practice so that I could be at the top of my game and care for my patients to the best of my ability.

SPECIAL PROMOTIONAL SECTION


ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Nursing Practice Degree: University of Tennessee at Chattanooga – Chattanooga, TN Certifications: Adult Nurse Practitioner-Certified (ANP-C) Certified Nephrology Nurse Practitioner (CNN-NP)

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Nephrology

CONNECT 423.602.2750 Vascular Institute of Chattanooga 4312 Holiday Inn Express Way NW, Suite 105 Cleveland, TN 37312 vascularinstituteof chattanooga.com


Meet Our Doctors

C O ORDI NAT I NG C A RE , EVERY ST E P OF T HE WAY

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hen he was young, Dr. Matthew Oliver had several role models who were physicians and who served as his mentors and inspiration. “They stressed the importance that physicians play in a community,” says Dr. Oliver. “My passion for science and desire to help others in need made medicine an ideal choice.” Now, with six years working as a gynecologic oncologist under his belt, Dr. Oliver uses his love for helping others in order to bring comfort throughout the cancer-care journey. “We are directly involved with coordinating each step of the care process,” Dr. Oliver adds. “Whether it be in-office follow-up, scheduling surgery, starting chemotherapy, referring to radiation oncology, scheduling imaging studies, or enrolling in clinical trials, we aim to make it convenient for patients.”

DR. MATTHEW OLIVER E R L A NG E R WOM E N’ S ONC OLO G Y

1

What is one of your happiest professional moments?

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What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

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What’s the key to making a great first impression?

My happiest professional moments are when patients and their families feel completely satisfied with their care. Whether it is cancer-related or some other gynecological issue, needing medical care can be uncomfortable and overwhelming. When I get to see that fear melt away, it is a very satisfying experience.

The number and types of cancer treatments are rapidly improving. PARP inhibitors and immune therapy are transforming outcomes for women with ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancers and are associated with significantly less toxicities than traditional chemotherapy.

I think the most important aspect in making a great first impression is being fully present and making the person you are with feel heard and seen.

4

What does your daily routine look like?

I love the diversity that this job offers. Most mornings start off with meetings. After that, I am seeing patients either in the hospital or in the office, and most days of the week, I am operating.

This continuity of care and ability to develop long-term relationships with my patients is what brought me into this field and is the part of my job that I love the most.” 94

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What would you consider to be your main strengths?

I thrive when working in a team environment, and I’m not afraid to reach out for help and do further investigating to find the answer if I don’t already know it.

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ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: East Tennessee State University, Quillen College of Medicine – Johnson City, TN

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Gynecologic oncology

CONNECT 423.226.3636 Erlanger Women’s Oncology 102 Central Ave. Chattanooga, TN 37403 erlanger.org


Meet Our Doctors

T H RI VI NG T H ROUG H T E A MWORK

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or Dr. Jessica Van Mason, making an accurate diagnosis and leading her patients to comfort all starts with teamwork – not just with her colleagues, but also her patients. “We take pride in the meaningful and long-lasting relationships we build as a team and with our patients,” says Dr. Van Mason. “I think an open and honest relationship is key.” Dr. Van Mason strives to always ease patients’ concerns and make them comfortable so that they feel free to open up with their feelings and concerns. This not only leads to a quicker and more accurate diagnosis, but also allows her team to curate a treatment plan that makes sense for each individual patient. “Our staff works to make the process as simple and seamless as possible, from scheduling the appointments to helping a child feel comfortable during their first allergy test,” Dr. Van Mason says.

DR. JESSICA VAN MASON C HAT TA NO O G A A L L E RG Y C L I N IC

1

What do you love most about your profession?

2

What is one of your happiest professional moments?

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What’s the key to making a great first impression?

4

Why have you chosen this field of specialty?

5

What would you consider to be your main strengths?

I love that I have the opportunity to treat patients of all ages and from all walks of life with such a wide variety of health problems. It is incredibly rewarding to be able to help people feel better every day.

It’s hard to pick just one, but there is something especially happy about helping someone finally breathe better. I will always remember a patient who was in tears because of her uncontrolled asthma and the turnaround she made after we were able to identify her triggers and start the right medications.

I believe that taking the time to listen to all of someone’s concerns goes a long way. It’s easy to feel rushed during a busy day, but giving each patient the time and attention they deserve is so important.

I chose allergy and immunology because I love being able to see patients all the way from infancy through old age, and I get to treat such a wide variety of medical problems, ranging from food or environmental allergies to immunodeficiencies.

Don’t be afraid to vocalize your concerns and ask any questions you might have. The more you communicate with your providers, the more therapeutic the relationship becomes.”

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I would say listening. So much of what we can help with and most accurately diagnose comes directly from patients’ stories if we can really hear them out.

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ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: University of Missouri - Kansas City – Kansas City, MO Certifications: Board-certified in Allergy and Immunology (ABAI) Board-certified in Pediatrics (ABP)

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Allergy and immunology

CONNECT 423.899.0431 Chattanooga Allergy Clinic 6734 Lee Highway Chattanooga, TN 37421 chattanooga allergyclinic.com


Meet Our Doctors

ESTABLISHING A FOUNDATION OF TRUST

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r. Prayash Patel has always been an interactive learner, and while attending medical school, he made a point to explore a number of medical specialties. “I enjoy variety in what I do, and neurosurgery was able to provide a degree of elegance in technique,” says Dr. Patel. “I love that one day I can see a patient suffering from chronic pain caused by a lumbar disc herniation, and the next day, I can be resecting a large brain tumor, both of which use different techniques and processes.” And while it may be the variety and responsibility he experiences as a neurosurgeon that Dr. Patel really enjoys, he is also focused on creating a foundation of trust for his patients. “I try to be truthful and forthright with patients regarding diagnoses, prognoses, details of surgeries, risks, and expectations post-operatively,” says Dr. Patel. “Sometimes surgery is not the right path, and I never suggest surgery if I don’t feel it will greatly benefit the patient, because the time and financial sacrifices are not things to be taken lightly.”

I treat every patient and their family as if they were my own. I put myself in their shoes to understand the pain and frustrations they are experiencing or the anxiety about an upcoming surgery.”

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DR. PRAYASH PATEL E R L A NG E R N E U RO S C I E NC E I N ST I T U T E

1

What do you love most about your profession?

I love that I am able to make a significant impact in my patients’ lives and often am quite literally able to help save their lives, such as in the case of severe head trauma or a life-threatening brain tumor. I enjoy seeing the different types of pathology that I can help treat.

2

What is your best advice for patients?

Don’t be afraid to ask questions about your condition and treatment plan. Trust between a physician and patient is vital and begins with communication. I always want to make sure patients feel comfortable and have the necessary information before making any decisions.

3

What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

There are some exciting and emerging technologies in neurosurgery, including computer-assisted navigation in spinal and cranial procedures that can help increase accuracy and reduce operative time and complications.

4

Why did you choose to become a doctor?

I consider being a doctor and being trusted with someone’s medical care a great honor. It provides me with a fulfilling purpose in life, and I enjoy every minute of it wholeheartedly.

5

What would you consider to be your main strengths?

I consider my ability to multitask effectively one of my greatest strengths. Surgeons are often faced with juggling clinical duties, surgical procedures, and personal or family responsibilities. It is something I had to gain proficiency in early on and has been vital to not only my success as a physician, but also as a husband and father.

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ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: Mercer University School of Medicine – Macon, GA Certifications: Fellowship in Complex Spine and Minimally Invasive Techniques for Degenerative Spinal Disorders at Southmead Hospital

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Degenerative spinal disorders Minimally invasive treatment of spinal disorders

CONNECT 423.778.2233 Erlanger Neuroscience Institute 979 E. Third St., Suite C-920 Chattanooga, TN 37403 erlanger.org/ neuro


Meet Our Doctors

A ROL E MODEL AT T H E READY

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ow in her eighth year of practice, Dr. Neelima Katragunta is always striving to be the best version of herself. Dr. Katragunta aims to practice what she preaches by making sure she eats healthy, gets exercise and sleep, and spends quality time with family and friends as much as her schedule allows. At work, her goals follow a similar motivation. “I am passionate about being a better person than I ever was,” says Dr. Katragunta. “I am learning constantly and always striving to improve.” With a top-notch team working alongside her, Dr. Katragunta is able to offer patients quality care and loves the genuine appreciation she gets in return. “It touches me deeply whenever a patient expresses gratitude for something I have done,” she says. “It will never ever get old.”

Many of the conditions that I treat are preventable. How well we take care of our bodies on a daily basis adds up over the years, and all of the tiny good habits can build and lead to amazing health benefits over time.”

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DR. NEELIMA KATRAGUNTA U N I V E R SI T Y SU RG IC A L AS S O C IAT E S ( U S A )

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What do you love most about your profession?

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What is your best advice for patients?

3

What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

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What is your philosophy when it comes to the care of your patients?

5

What’s the key to making a great first impression?

Vascular surgery is a field that has embraced innovation and constantly strives to bring cutting-edge technology to patients in the form of minimally invasive endovascular therapies. It is one of the few surgical fields where doctors enjoy long-term relationships with their patients.

The secret to good health is out in the open. Eat mostly vegetables. Drink mostly water. Avoid processed foods and refined starches and sugars. Move every day. Don’t smoke or vape.

We now have minimally invasive ways to treat conditions like complex aneurysms, blood clots, and strokes that could not have been imagined just a few decades ago. With endovascular treatments, we continue to push boundaries and incorporate more complex conditions, all the while focusing on making them more durable and with less radiation.

My most important job is to help my patients understand their condition and their options so that they can make the best choices for themselves, whether it is for treatment or for prevention. I always remind myself that it is a privilege to have their trust and to be able to do what I do.

Smile and be authentic.

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ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: Armed Forces Medical College – Pune, India Certifications: Vascular and general surgery (American Board of Surgery)

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Vascular surgery and endovascular therapy

CONNECT 423.267.0466 University Surgical Associates 2108 E. Third St. Chattanooga, TN 37404 university surgical.com


Meet Our Doctors

CARING FOR TODAY’ S YOUTH

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ow in his second year of practicing pulmonology (respiratory disorders), Dr. Adam Van Mason has always wanted to help others, especially the youth in his community. Helping cure patients provides Dr. Van Mason with plenty of motivation, and his day often starts with reviewing his patient schedule before diving into the latest medical literature so that he can stay abreast of any emerging information affecting his patients. The remainder of his day is full of patient visits, and giving the children who come in the attention they deserve is a top priority. “There is a high degree of collaboration between the physicians and nurse practitioners,” explains Dr. Van Mason. “For difficult cases, all three pediatric pulmonology specialists and the nurse practitioner often work together in the background to come up with the best care plan for patients.”

A friendly greeting and a smile make all the difference when it comes to making a good first impression, and for those under the age of 5, a sticker never hurts, either.”

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DR. ADAM VAN MASON C H I L DR E N’ S HO SPI TA L AT E R L A NG E R

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What is your best advice for patients?

I am a firm believer that there is a strong connection between the mind and body. Patients who are able to focus on something positive each day, even if it’s small, seem to do much better, in my experience.

2

What would you consider to be your main strengths?

3

How does your staff enhance your practice?

4

What is your philosophy when it comes to the care of your patients?

Listening. I am a firm believer that 90% of diagnoses are made by listening to the patient and their family.

The excellent nurses, medical assistants, and respiratory therapists are invaluable and are some of the best professionals I have had the privilege of working with. Each person on our team has a unique role and takes pride in their work. They help immensely with efficiency and set the stage for a great visit.

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I care for patients like I would my own family.

Why did you choose to become a doctor?

Several years after college, I was volunteering at a homeless shelter. The teenagers there would tell me about their health problems, and it inspired me to pursue a profession that would combine my love of people and science.

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ABOUT THE DOC

MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: University of Missouri, Kansas City School of Medicine – Kansas City, MO Certifications: Board-Certified Pediatrician and Pediatric Pulmonologist, American Board of Pediatrics

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Pediatric pulmonology

CONNECT 423.778.KIDS (5437) Children’s Hospital at Erlanger 900 E. Third St. Chattanooga, TN 37403 childrensat erlanger.org


Meet Our Doctors

COMBINING

DR. JIM BUSCH

EXCEPTIONAL CARE

P R I M E I M AG I N G

WITH TOP TECHNOLOGY

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ccording to Dr. Jim Busch, his practice at PrimeImaging allows for many rewarding professional moments. “That’s the main reason I chose to practice interventional radiology – I’m blessed to be able to provide a good patient outcome or cure with minimally invasive techniques,” he explains. “For example, I have been able to treat cancers of the liver, lung, or kidney in a single setting with the patient returning home within hours, having a high probability of local control and – depending on the cancer stage – a cure.” One of his favorite moments? That would be the time he ablated a cancer patient’s kidney, allowing him to return home following the procedure and play a round of golf the next day. “He played 18 holes, and his kidney cancer never returned,” Dr. Busch shares.

1

What do you love most about your profession?

2

What is your best advice for patients?

3

What do you see as the most exciting new development for your profession?

4

What’s the key to making a great first impression?

5

How does your staff enhance your practice?

I enjoy the broad variety of patients that we see on a daily basis, ranging from athletes with sports injuries to those needing cancer care.

Seek out authentic medical information about your condition, and do not be afraid to get a second opinion. That knowledge helps to make a better decision in your care.

The advancements in prostate cancer care. Cuttingedge 3T MRIs are now able to boast a 96% detection rate in significant prostate cancer, which is compared to a PSA blood test detection rate of 55%. There have also been advances in classification/staging of the disease, which have led to better therapies or more targeted interventions.

I think you need to be genuine and allow the patient to ask questions.

At PrimeImaging, we are 100% outpatient-focused, which allows us to provide convenient high-quality and low-cost care to our patients.”

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At PrimeImaging, we take a team approach, which I believe improves our patient outcomes.

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ABOUT THE DOC MY CREDENTIALS Doctor of Medicine Degree: University of Tennessee College of Medicine – Memphis, TN Fellowship and Residency: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA Certifications: Board-Certified, The American Board of Radiology U.S.M.L.E. Certification Recognitions: RSNA: Roentgen Resident/Fellow Research Award, 2004 AOA: Alpha Omega Alpha, 1997-present

M Y S P E C I A LT I E S Vascular and interventional radiology Musculoskeletal radiology

CONNECT 423.893.7226 PrimeImaging 1301 McCallie Ave. Chattanooga, TN 37404 primeimaging.com


HER STORY Every woman has a story to tell, and no two stories are alike. Meet the women who have persevered through challenges and tribulations and come out the other side stronger than ever. These unique individuals have seen their fair share of adversity but continue to inspire those around them with the lessons they have learned and their love of life. Read on for four truly motivating stories by the women who experienced them firsthand. Photography by Emily Pérez Long / Photos taken on location at the Chattanooga Choo Choo

From the age of six, I knew I wanted to work in emergency medical services. I knew that I wanted to help people. I wanted to save the world. My mom left my younger brothers and me when I was 9 years old. To say that life was hard is an understatement, parts of which nearly claimed my life on more than one occasion, but this is also what fostered my survival skills. When I left home at 18, life didn’t get easier. I suffered a lot in my early adulthood, enduring both domestic violence and rape.  For the past 16 years, I’ve spent my life doing what I always said I would do in one capacity or another,

whether that be working on an ambulance as an EMT or traveling the country during the pandemic and working in ICUs. I won’t say I’ve seen it all, but I’ve seen more than anyone ever should. I have a lifetime of nightmares that live in my head. It’s called PTSD, and I also fight a daily battle of living with multiple sclerosis and Crohn’s disease. I can’t give up, though. I’m a wife to an amazing husband, and I’m a mom to two children who are each a warrior in their own right. Both have special needs, but we don’t let our children use their difficulties as excuses, so I can’t either. My PTSD was debilitating. It took a toll on my marriage, my family,

and, quite frankly, it threatened my life. In 2020, I went to what I will forever know as the place of my rebirth: Boulder Crest Foundation in Sonoita, Arizona. It is the leader in the field of post-traumatic growth for combat veterans and first responders, and because of that experience, I no longer live in shame and silence. I’ve learned to turn my darkness into light. I use that now to light the way for others.  “The dark does not destroy the light; it defines it. It’s our fear of the dark that casts our joy into the shadows.” - Brene Brown

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HER STORY

Reach for the moon. You may land amongst the stars. You are going to make it. I know that you are. I can see my mother playing this LP record repeatedly and singing the lyrics long after the record stopped playing. She believed in these words for her 10 children, even though she had been thrust into being a single parent when I was 18 months old. Living in rural Mississippi, we didn’t have much. What we had was a praying mother, a praying grandmother, and a praying grandfather. They lived by “now faith” – not worrying about the future. Growing up in a big family and being the youngest made it very challenging to become the first at anything. I was constantly reminded of my siblings’ legends in sports, dance, and academics. I walked in the footprints of giants and wondered about my purpose. That is, until I entered college – finally, a first for me. I was the first in my immediate family to graduate. I was no longer walking in the footprints of my siblings; I was now making footprints. Making my own footprints wasn’t always easy. As I progressed in my career, thoughts of Am I good enough or smart enough? would take up residence in my mind. There were times that I had doubts about my accomplishments, abilities, and success. Am I living the dream of my mother? If she were still alive, would she be proud of the woman I am? Am I living out my true purpose? I guess you can say that from time to time, I experience imposter syndrome. I learned to manage these thoughts of doubts through prayer, meditation, positive affirmation, and listening to uplifting music. Nevertheless, I’ll admit that I have sought counsel through an employee assistance program when these strategies didn’t work. Sometimes you need a neutral person to listen to you and bring you back to reality. Regardless of which method I use, I know that I will land amongst stars if I reach for the moon, and I will make it through.

Valara Sample EAST BRAINERD

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Photo by Rich Smith


SPECIALIZING IN CUSTOM DESIGN • REPAIR • BRIDAL

7 Jewelers On-Site with Over 100 Years Combined Experience 423.875.2390

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5090 ADAMS ROAD IN HIXSON


HER STORY

A colleague once told me I lived a “charmed life.” She was kindly referring to me being married to a wonderful husband, having a healthy son, a good education that allowed me to work as a clinical social worker, and many other blessings. I thought of her words often throughout the years, but never more than on August 28, 2016, when my life no longer felt charming. It was a typical Sunday. Our family went to church, and my son attended a youth event. When my son and I came home, we found my 45-year-old husband unresponsive on our floor. After performing CPR, praying over his body, and following the ambulance to the ER, I soon learned the life I’d known and the charm I was accustomed to were gone, along with my sweet husband. My life was different in so many ways: I was now one, not two; my best friend wasn’t there for guidance and support or to help raise our son. I had never felt more alone than in those first two years after losing Todd. The amazing thing I learned through this loss was that I was never alone to begin with. My Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, was with me every step of the way and showed himself often through help, love, and support from friends, family, neighbors, church members, school families, and countless others. I learned it was okay for me to allow others to help, and that I couldn’t do everything on my own. I often tried to and failed. Not allowing others to help was robbing them of a potential blessing. I was often the one helping others, but now I was the one receiving the help. There are times in our lives when we’re going to need help. It’s vitally important to allow others to provide help, even when it’s out of our comfort zone. A statement by the late Elizabeth Elliot means a lot to me: “God’s story never ends in ashes.” He used himself and others to help raise me up from what felt like ashes to experiencing charm once again.

Tara Wood Waldrop RINGGOLD

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HER STORY

On December 11, 2004, my husband was killed by a gang while we were living in Haiti. Before that devastating instant, my life had been characterized by joy: I grew up in a nurturing and loving family, went all the way through school with the same tight circle of friends and made good grades, found fulfillment working in remote Haitian villages, and had come to love and marry a man who shared my faith and commitment. What followed Joseph’s death was crushing grief as I came to terms with the reality that his life had ended. I found myself planning a funeral in the midst of an erupting coup d’état instead of celebrating our first wedding anniversary. Departing from Haiti to return home to the States was one of the hardest transitions of my life. Following my return, I spent months immersed in reflection. I was supported by family, friends who shared my passion for Haiti and understood the commitment that had taken me there, and our church community. In the end, I decided to pursue a new career path in law that would build on my past experience and allow me to continue to work for justice and advance human dignity. The years since have witnessed profound life changes. Relocating to Miami, where I studied law, gave me a renewed focus and fresh direction. Just a year after moving there, I became the legal guardian of three sisters from Haiti in need of a home. I eventually adopted them, gaining an instant family of my own and giving me a new purpose. More recently, I returned to Chattanooga to be near my parents and the community who first introduced me to Haiti, and I found a professional home working alongside people who share my commitment to justice and service. Along the way, I have found that grace comes to us in unexpected ways and has the power to support us through times so devastating that we feel we might not survive. Time and again, I have been reminded that life can deal some hard-hitting challenges, but we can choose to move forward with hope and appreciate the journey. HS

Cathy Dorvil SIGNAL MOUNTAIN

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FEEL WELL

Sadder But Wiser LEARN WHAT TO DO WHEN YOUR CHILD IS GRIEVING BY KATHY BRADSHAW

For obvious reasons, the past year and a half has shown a spike in mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, and grief. And, unfortunately, children are not immune to these emotional concerns. While it might be easier to assume that the “carefree nature of childhood” overrides true grief in children, this is not always the case. Like adults, kids can grieve and grieve deeply and must learn to work through loss. Here is a look at grief in children and some of the best ways to help your child cope.

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“Grief is usually brought on by a loss of something valuable – a source of support, security, or endearment,” says Chris Ownby, a healthy relationship facilitator at First Things First. “Kids can grieve over all kinds of losses, from the death of a loved one to a pet that runs away, a friend moving away, a missing stuffed animal, or parents separating. It’s important to remember that if it’s a big loss to them, then it’s a big cause for grief.”

they understand that such feelings are normal. “Just like adults, it often takes time for kids to process and open up about what they’re feeling and thinking about the loss,” Ownby adds. “Walking with them in their grief means we walk at their pace.”

TALK WITH THEM. Ownby says that the best way to differentiate between when children are experiencing real grief and just having a bad day is through “caring conversation” and getting them to open up and talk about how they are feeling. This also coincides with helping them get through that grief. “It obviously takes a great deal of compassion and empathy,” he explains. “I think we have to open up the conversation for them by asking how they are feeling and if they have any questions about what happened, and by letting them know you are there to help them answer anything you can. If you think about it, this is how most adults process grief – they need to talk about it with people they trust. Children aren’t so different.”

FIRST DON’T MINIMIZE IT. Any parent knows how hard it is to watch their child suffer, especially while experiencing their own grief. But Ownby emphasizes that although you can help your child through their sadness, you can’t just make it all go away and shouldn’t try to do so. “We need to understand that our job is not to take the grief away,” he says. “We need to remember that grief is not only a natural process, it’s also a healthy one. It’s good for all of us to go through the process of grief when we experience a loss.” He points out that telling a child something that covers up or waters down the source of the grief, such as “the dog found a better home” after the death of a pet, can be counterproductive. “At some given point, every child is going to experience grief and probably more than once in their childhood. Experiencing loss is a part of life,” Ownby says. “Our job, as parents, isn’t to shield or try to magically erase the grief. It’s to help our children work through grief in a healthy way and come out on the other side, having grown from it.” HS

BE PATIENT. Different people grieve in different ways and in different timeframes. Your kid needs to take as long as he or she needs to in order to feel better. Throughout the process, let them know that you’re there for them. It can also be helpful to tell children about your own pain and sadness, so that

CHRIS OWNBY HEALTHY RELATIONSHIP FACILITATOR, FIRST THINGS

“Just like adults, it often takes time for kids to process and open up about what they’re feeling and thinking about the loss.”

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FEEL WELL

A Mother Lode of Love SHOWI NG YOUR MOM S HE’S S PECIAL

For many women, their mom has been a constant – someone who has helped them navigate the trials of life and shaped the person they are today. As they get older, these local women have placed an emphasis on showing their moms how thankful they are for the formative years of their childhood and the many years to come. Read on for their firsthand accounts of how they dish out love and respect to the women who deserve it the most.

“Oscar Wilde is credited with saying, ‘Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery that mediocrity can pay to greatness.’ My mother, Velma Wilson, is the epitome of wisdom, grace, and fierce authenticity. I show my mother that she is special each day and honor her legacy by living the values she taught me. When I think of who she is, what she has accomplished, and all that she has poured into my life, Oscar Wilde’s words ring true. So, when I hear ‘You must be Velma’s daughter’ or am referred to as ‘Velma Jr.,’ I know I am paying homage to her greatness. I hope she is flattered.” – CHANTELLE RESPERT

“My momma is one of the biggest blessings in my life. She gives and gives to me and my family over and above what would ever be expected. So, when it comes time to serve her, I go all out. I make sure she gets pedicures, I’ve had her car detailed, I fill up her gas tank, I’ve bought her a new fancy purse, I take care of her skincare, and I make sure she eats healthy foods. While she appreciates all of those things and feels special when I do them, she prefers my time. When we get time to sit and talk, just the two of us, without any kiddos running around, I soak her up. I love to hug her, tell her how beautiful she is, listen to her talk about her job and her friends, and recount stories from the past. She finds the most value in our time spent together, and she passed down that value to me.” – BRITTNEY MURPHY

"I’ve always been a part of a loud, busy, and close family. We travel together and try to text or call every day. My husband and I love to host everyone for holidays and weekly dinners, and my mom enjoys everyone’s laughter, cooking, and fellowship. To see her so happy makes us happy. We also love to spoil our mom. She truly is a creature of comfort, so a pedicure, a girl’s night of dinner and wine, and a massage always seem to brighten up her day. She’s endured cancer and loss and worked her entire life for others; it’s the least I can do to show her she’s so special to our entire family!" – SUSANNAH SHAVER

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Motivate Your Morning with James and Kim


Women Celebrating Women The word inspire is defined as the act of filling someone with the urge or ability to do something, and here in Chattanooga, we have no shortage of incredible women who motivate those around them day in and day out. Whether they intentionally set out to be a role model or random acts of kindness are simply in their DNA, these women are making the world a better place. Read on to learn more about the individuals who encourage others to be the best version of themselves, told by those they inspired most. P HOTO GRAPH Y BY RI CH SMI TH


inspired: Morgan Everett inspiration: Jane Henegar

JANE

By divine appointment, I met Jane nearly a decade ago. She had just retired from her teaching career and agreed to mentor a group of young women. I will never forget entering her peaceful home and feeling a natural sense of relief. She had a message that I did not expect. She said, “If you can admit that life is messy, this group is for you.” Ever since then, Jane has given me a consistent picture of what it means to show up. She has taught me the power of being available and willing to be present in others’ pain. She has walked with me through many storms, always reminding me that God is faithful. She doesn’t always have the answers, but she points me to the answer: Jesus. I have adopted her simple, powerful prayer: “Lord, we don’t know what to do, but our eyes are on you.” She has taught me that it’s the small things that matter, as they are actually the big things. Jane’s steadfast faith, generous grace, and selfless love have shown me what it looks like to live an abundant life. Her impact on countless lives is changing history for generations to come, and I know I am writing on behalf of many women whom Jane has immeasurably blessed with her tender, wise care.

“She doesn’t always have the answers, but she points me to the answer: Jesus.”

MORGAN HealthScopeMag.com

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INSPIRED

inspired: Cydney Parkes inspiration: Sabie Crowder

“There are three types of people in the world: those who make things happen, those who watch things happen, and those who wonder what happened.” – Jayson Gaignard Sabie Crowder makes things happen. She’s a woman I am proud to have in my life. Her encouraging words and sound mind make her the ideal leader. Sabie is the woman behind the scenes helping everything to run smoothly. She is a reliable and loyal friend. I first met Sabie through a mutual friend, and we bonded over our passion to grow in our work. In 2018, I decided to become a fulltime entrepreneur. I knew the trajectory of this journey was going to call for an outstanding amount of faith, but I could never have anticipated that it would bless me with the valuable relationships I have today. Sabie has continued to help me remain grounded and reach my goals. She is a woman I lean on, a loyal friend, and one of my biggest cheerleaders. I am beyond grateful for her continued support as I work to grow my company.

“Sabie is a woman I lean on, a loyal friend, and one of my biggest cheerleaders.”

CYDNEY Photo by Emily Pérez Long

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SABIE


INSPIRED

inspired: Martina Suttle Harris inspiration: Elizabeth Suttle Stamper

MARTINA

When asked what women in my life inspire me the most, I immediately think of my mother Linda and my sister Elizabeth (Liz). Both of these women are phenomenal and have forever been my biggest cheerleaders, but my sister Liz holds a special place in my heart, as she is the epitome of what it means to persevere. Over the years, I have watched my sister make sacrifices on many occasions to ensure that she can provide for her children and grandchildren. She is the most unselfish person you will ever meet. Although my sister and I chose different career paths, she has always been vital to my accomplishments. She is constantly behind the scenes listening and encouraging me to dream big and never give up. When I think of how my sister has encouraged me throughout the years and never worried about being in the “light,” one of my favorite songs sums up my feelings:

Did you ever know that you’re my hero? You’re everything I wish I could be. I could fly higher than an eagle, for you are the wind beneath my wings. Thank God for you, my sister.

“Liz is constantly behind the scenes listening and encouraging me to dream big and never give up.”

ELIZABETH

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INSPIRED

inspired: Tracey Smith inspiration: Gena Weldon

GENA

TRACEY

“Gena’s focus and strength have helped her push through her personal challenges and make the tough decisions that 2020 required of her.”

In the short time I’ve known her, Gena, CEO of Chattanooga Goodwill Industries, has definitely been an inspiration to me. In the past 12 months, she has guided her nonprofit through truly daunting challenges: first, the pandemic, which resulted in store closures, catastrophic revenue losses, and painful staff layoffs; then the tornado that destroyed the East Brainerd store. Yet Gena was resilient and remained focused, with a clear vision of a better future. This culminated in April’s grand re-opening of the new flagship East Brainerd store. Gena has also experienced hardship and tragedy in her personal life, but instead of letting it defeat her, she turned things around and built a better life. Gena’s focus and strength have helped her push through her personal challenges and make the tough decisions that 2020 required of her. The past 13 months have tested all of us, but knowing Gena and her personal story and watching her turn professional challenges into successful outcomes have truly been a blessing and an inspiration to me. HS


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EAT WELL

Cool as a Cucumber There really is something cool and refreshing about a cucumber. That iconic cucumber slice placed under your eyes soothes your skin, or you can add a slice to spruce up a drink – from water to your favorite cocktail. Cucumbers are a healthy option, with no fat and a slew of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, including magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, and vitamin C. But cucumbers do so much more than that. They actually do cool down the temperature of your blood, can reduce swelling when applied topically, and might help lower blood sugar and keep you regular. What’s more, they can help reduce stress, boost energy, freshen breath, and even prevent hangovers. Now that’s cool.

Here are two fresh cucumber recipes from locals. Photography by Rich Smith

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Did you know? A cucumber is made of 95% water. It can also defog a hazy mirror and remove tarnish from metals, and the peel erases pen ink!

Acropolis Grill’s Tzatziki Sauce BY CHEF LLOYD GEORGE Ingredients

1 cucumber, unpeeled and grated (English cucumber works best) 3 cups plain full-fat Greek yogurt 4 large garlic cloves, finely minced, or 4 Tbsp. granulated garlic 4 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil 2 Tbsp. rice wine or white vinegar 1 tsp. kosher salt 2 Tbsp. fresh dill, minced 1 tsp. white pepper

Directions

1. Slice cucumbers in half and clean out seeds. Then grate and drain them through a fine mesh sieve overnight or squeeze out moisture with a kitchen towel. 2. Combine yogurt, garlic, oil, vinegar, and salt in a large bowl and put in cooler overnight. The next day, transfer grated cucumber, fresh dill, and white pepper to yogurt mixture and stir. Keep chilled. 3. Serve with raw vegetables and warm pita or add to any grilled meats or vegetables.

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LIVE WELL

Sarah Gibson’s Cucumber and White Bean Toast SERVES 4 Ingredients

1 1/2 cups (or a 15-ounce can) great northern white beans, drained 1 lemon, juiced 1 garlic clove 2 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil 1/2 tsp. sea salt 1/4 tsp. pepper

1. To make the white bean spread, add white beans, lemon juice, garlic, olive oil, salt, and pepper to a food processor. Blend for 20-30 seconds. Add 2 Tbsp. fresh basil and pulse until it’s incorporated. 2. Toast the bread.

3 Tbsp. fresh basil, julienned (rosemary or thyme works well, too)

3. Meanwhile, dice the sundried tomatoes and set aside some of the oil from the jar.

1/4 cup sundried tomatoes packed in olive oil

4. Spread white bean mixture generously over the top of the bread. Top it with sundried tomatoes and cucumber slices. Drizzle some olive oil, sea salt, and the remaining 1 Tbsp. fresh basil for garnish.

1 English cucumber, sliced on an angle 4 slices of hearty whole wheat bread or naan bread

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Directions

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Looking for the perfect appetizer for when you’re entertaining or an easy snack for the whole family? Sarah Gibson of Chattanooga has just the recipe. “Cucumbers are a staple in our house,” she says. “They serve as a snack and a healthy addition to our weekday menu. This recipe accentuates the crispness of summer cucumbers and the comfort of a flavorful white bean spread over hearty bread.”


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LIVE WELL

IN FAVOR OF FAT What It Is and Why It’s Important

F

at often gets a bad rap – and that’s because this macronutrient is so misunderstood. Like carbohydrates and protein, dietary fat provides your body with calories, but it also gives you energy, supports cell growth, balances hormone levels, and helps you absorb certain nutrients. Not to mention, fat enhances the flavor of your favorite foods, and it can make you feel more satisfied after a meal. In short, we need fat!

BY MARY BETH WALLACE

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Yet all fats aren’t created equal. Generally speaking, there are two types of fat to limit: saturated fats and trans fats. Trans fats, found in processed foods such as cookies, frozen pizza, coffee creamer, and most fried foods, are the worst culprits and provide no nutritional benefits. Saturated fats (think butter, coconut oil, and higher-fat meats and dairy) are best eaten in moderation; experts recommend that saturated fats make up no more than 10% of your daily calories. On the flip side, monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats provide many benefits, such as improving blood cholesterol levels, thus lowering your risk of cardiovascular disease. Monounsaturated fat is most commonly associated with olive oil, although avocados, peanut butter, and most nuts are also good sources. Polyunsaturated fats are found primarily in vegetable oils, while a type of polyunsaturated fat – omega-3 fatty acids – is found in salmon, flaxseeds, and walnuts. For years, low-fat diets were all the rage, but research now suggests that your total daily fat intake should fall between 20 and 35% of your daily calories. Use the following list to stock up on the healthiest high-fat foods on the market.

Paying attention to food labels can help you determine what types of fat you’re eating and how much. Remember to include unsaturated fats in your meals when possible, as these healthy fats will keep your body functioning and feeling its best. HS

AVOCADOS. Avocados play double duty, as this fat-filled fruit is also high in fiber. Sure to keep you satiated, a serving of avocado (one-third of a medium avocado) makes a tasty addition to salads and sandwiches. Avocados can also be used to make guacamole, hummus, pasta sauces, and even brownies. NUTS AND NUT BUTTER. Nuts and nut butter are so versatile that it’s easy to eat a serving a day. Toss almonds on your oatmeal or salad, make a classic PB&J, or simply snack on a handful of cashews. When shopping for nut butter, try to avoid brands that add in unnecessary sugars and oils. SEEDS. Although small in size, chia seeds and flaxseeds pack a powerful nutritional punch. These types of seeds are some of the best plant-based sources of omega-3s, and a little goes a long way. They can be stirred into smoothies, oatmeal, and a variety of baked goods. OLIVE OIL. Rich in everything from antioxidants to vitamins E and K, olive oil is a Mediterranean staple for a reason. Olive oil can be used for lowheat cooking, while extra-virgin olive oil is best in salad dressings and dips. FATTY FISH. Fatty fish are essential for heart health. In fact, the American Heart Association recommends eating two servings of fatty fish every week. Options include salmon, sardines, trout, and mackerel. EGGS. Eggs may be a popular source of protein, but one egg also boasts five grams of fat (mostly concentrated in the yolk). Start your day with a veggie-filled omelet, or try your hand at more exotic dishes, including migas and shakshuka. FULL-FAT YOGURT. Yogurt is more than just a good source of fat – it also contains good probiotic bacteria, which is good news for your gut! Look for yogurt without added sugar, and then mix in your own sweet toppings. Combining fresh fruit, honey, and nuts makes yogurt a great breakfast or snack.

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LIVE WELL

Julia Becker’s Full-Body Barre Workout A Guided, At-Home Workout P H OTOGRAPHY BY SARAH UNGE R

When it comes to getting the most out of your workout, the barre technique is hard to beat. This workout combines elements of ballet, yoga, and Pilates to form a sequence that will increase metabolism, build strength, and burn fat, all while being easy on your joints. Whether you’re looking to shed pounds, tone up, or gain flexibility, this workout is sure to raise the barre.

"In this sequence, we combine seat and thigh work with core-stabilizing isometric movements. With several exercises and plenty of variations, this is a powerful workout that can be completed in under 15 minutes!" – Julia Becker, Certified BarreAmped Instructor at BarreOne

Seated Pretzel Come to a seated position. Bring your front knee in line with your hip, and angle your shin until it is parallel with your torso. Bring your back leg behind you so that the fleshy inner portion of your knee is on the ground. Place your hands on either side of your front knee to

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provide stability while lifting the core and keeping your shoulder from creeping up. With toes flexed or pointed, bring your back calf toward the back of your body without moving the rest of your body. Do this for 2 minutes before switching sides.


High V Stand arm’s length from the barre (or another item you have in your home that can provide some stability, such as a chair) and stack your head over your shoulders, shoulders over hips, and hips over heels, being mindful to keep your spine in a neutral position. Bring your heels together and toes apart about two inches to create a small V. Lift your heels as high as possible while keeping them tightly together or place a ball under your heels and press into the ball as shown. Slide down an imaginary wall roughly 7 inches or until you feel your thighs engage. Hold position for 1 1/2 - 2 minutes.

Curtsey Lunges Step your hips about an arm’s distance from the barre (a countertop works great here!) to get in a neutral starting position. Begin to bend your left knee as you step back with your right leg and cross it behind your left. Place your foot on the floor or hover in a lunge position for a more intense workout, and be mindful to keep your shoulders down. Complete exercise for 1 - 1 1/2 minutes on each side.

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LIVE WELL

Open-Leg Balance While seated, bring your knees to your chest with your toes pointed down. Scoop navel in, and rock back to where the area just behind your sitting bones is flush with the floor. Gather your balance before bringing your legs to a tabletop position. You can hold this position or, for more of a challenge, try straightening your legs and letting go with your hands, if possible. Hold for 1 minute. HS

Leg Lift Sequence With your back on the floor, place a ball under your sacrum. Keep your arms extended and palms and shoulders on the mat. Bring your legs into a tabletop position with toes pointed. Drop one leg toward the floor, return to tabletop, and repeat on the other side. For a more intense workout, extend legs out, and lower one leg and then the other, being careful to maintain a neutral spine the entire time. Repeat the exercise for 2-3 minutes.

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Because of

...

care

I can for patients. Dr. Jeff Blackmon was a busy ER physician who lived an active life and loved to travel with his wife, Sonja, when his life suddenly took an unexpected turn. Although he had not experienced a specific injury, he began having severe knee pain. What should have been a routine injection to alleviate his symptoms abruptly turned debilitating when it led to an infection that became septic and formed an abscess on his spine. This quickly resulted in numerous neurological deficits. He spent Thanksgiving and Christmas in acute care and arrived at Siskin Hospital confused, extremely weak, unable to walk, or even get out of bed. That, along with partial blindness, loss of the use of his right arm, and fear for his future plunged him into deep depression.

for

But that’s where HOPE stepped in. The encouragement from his nurses, therapists, and physician was mirrored by their compassion, experience, and expertise. They were not going to let him give up, and with time, he began to gain strength. When he took his first halting, laborious steps supported on every side by three therapists and his nurse, he felt hope begin to rise again. Since then, he has continually progressed. Today, he is grateful to be once again making a difference in the lives of his patients as a family physician. Living that dream and making memories with the love of his life brings a smile to his face every single day. Physical Rehabilitation

Siskin Hospital

For more information, visit www.SiskinRehab.org or call 423.634.1200

Because of Siskin Hospital, I CAN!


start

• Being sedentary most of the day is dangerous to your health – among other problems, it more than doubles your heart attack risk. • 70% of adults in the U.S. say they feel stress or anxiety daily. • Our bodies are 60% water. To work properly they need to stay hydrated. • Getting enough sleep is important, but good sleep quality is also essential. • Sugar is oh-so-good, but oh-so-bad for our health. CHI Memorial offers wellness tips and inspiration to help you move more, stress less, stay hydrated, sleep better, reduce sugar, and live well. Learn more at memorial.org/start.

Profile for CityScope & HealthScope Magazines

HealthScope® Magazine Summer 2021  

Food Allergies As You Age, Hypothyroidism, Subscription Beauty Boxes, Motivating Stories From Local Women, Annual Oral Health Section, and M...

HealthScope® Magazine Summer 2021  

Food Allergies As You Age, Hypothyroidism, Subscription Beauty Boxes, Motivating Stories From Local Women, Annual Oral Health Section, and M...

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