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CITIZENSHIP The Police Community Clubs

June 2012 The Olympics Issue

magazine for schools

The Olympic Torch Sportsmanship versus Citizenship Pupils’ Corner Grow Your Own


Contents FEATURES The Olympic Torch 6 A look at the making of the 2012 Torch London Paralympics 10 The history of the Paralympics’ Sportsmanship versus 16 Citizenship Andrew Davies on how a good pupil isn’t always a good sport Healthy Eating 22 Alex Phennah on promoting a healthy lifestyle REGULAR ITEMS Police Community Clubs 5 of Great Britain: News Pupils’ Corner: 14 The Olympics and Sportsmanship A guide to growing your own: 32 Squash plants LESSON IDEAS Hold your own Olympic Games 8 The Olympic Games - Respect 19 London 2012: Facts and Figures 28 An Olympic Timeline 42

Notice to Advertisers Whilst every care is taken to ensure that the contents including advertisements are accurate, the publisher cannot assume responsibility for errors.

Editor

Welcome from the Editor Hello and welcome to this special edition of Citizenship Magazine as we focus on the London 2012 Olympic Games. Since it was announced that the Olympic Games were to be held in London, the excitement and anticipation has built and built and we are now in a position where we are set to welcome the world’s elite athletes to Great Britain. When I think about the Olympics I always look back to my earliest memories. Barcelona ‘92 was incredible to watch, even as an eightyear-old. Seeing Linford Christie and Sally Gunnell win gold medals is something that has stayed with me to this day. I was lucky to have actually holidayed in Spain at the same time the Olympics were being held and I can remember the buzz around the local people and the atmosphere whenever a Spanish athlete was set to compete. How lucky are the children today who will in years to come be able to draw on the memories from their first Olympics and have the added sense of pride that it was held in their country? Even as an adult, I am looking forward to seeing the Olympic flame on its tour of the country. For pupils across the UK, it promises to be something they will remember for a long, long time. Of course, beyond the hype and hysteria will be the underlying message of sportsmanship once the games are underway. It is perhaps the best opportunity to remind pupils of the importance of good sportsmanship and the way it can help positive citizenship away from sport. With the questions that are certain to be asked about this summers events, we have looked to put together lesson plans and articles which can be implemented into classroom activities. As usual, Pupils’ Corner will seek to offer an insight into what pupils already know about the Olympics and once more we will turn our attention to the Community Education Awards and in particular, their Health and Lifestyle award category. Entries continue to flood in for this fantastic event and for more information you can visit www.communityeducationawards.co.uk Please take a moment to check out our website for our latest blog, follow our Twitter updates (@Citizenship_Mag) and apply for our free subscription service. And if you have any suggestions on how to help develop citizenship and PSHE teachers, email me at andrew@thecitizenshipmagazine.org Andrew Davies, Editor

Andrew Davies

Contributors Dave Harris Alex Phennah Design

Joanne Hewitt

Advertising 01244 316629 support@thecitizenshipmagazine.org

Publisher

Community Initiatives Associates 0800 783 5805

Police Community Clubs of Great Britain Barry Jones MBE Po Box 160, Bideford, Devon, EX39 9DL 01237 474 869 www.thepolicecommunityclubs.org

© All rights reserved. No part of The Citizenship Magazine for Schools may be reproduced or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form without the written permission of the editor. Copyright2009 ISSN Applied For.

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The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain NEWS

Since our last publication the Police Clubs have delivered the first phase of our coaching programme within Doncaster Prison. Lasting some ten days, it has trained no fewer than twenty inmates up to National Governing Body level one standard. The course was supplemented with both First Aid and Safeguarding and Protecting Children courses which all have recognised certificated credits. The course was rapturously acclaimed by both prisoners and staff and includes a year-long monitoring process, managed by the Police Clubs GB of all successful participants upon their release from prison. Some have already been released and are now taking an active voluntary role in various community clubs throughout the UK. We have recently been notified that we have been successful in our bid to the Home Office in the delivery of targeted programmes of gun and knife crime to various police service areas throughout the country, together with a number of other programmes. The selected Police Borough Commanders throughout the country have been allocated funds together with a list of preferred providers of which we are one. No doubt I will be updating you in our next edition on the progress made. On the sporting front, our new citizenship programme aligned to non-contact Olympic-style boxing called The Contender Plus+ Coaches course is being rolled out and is in demand by many and various organisations and schools. This delivers fully insured instruction in all elements of the sport together with delivery of our citizenship programmes.

Barry Jones MBE

All who wish to proceed to the delivery of this project must be registered with the Police Clubs, be fully insured by ourselves and hold a risk assessed current Enhanced CRB Disclosure certificate. Please contact our office for further details of this and other courses that we provide. As previously reported, our business partners, Community Initiatives Associates in Chester have developed an ‘App’ which features a game around our ‘Barney & Echo’ characters called Dizzy Heights. To download the game for free visit www.barneyecho.co.uk/dizzyheights As we go to press we are working to complete a number of innovative publications to aid sports clubs – more of this in the next edition. The latest club to join our number is the Torrington Police Amateur Boxing Club in north Devon, we wish them every success in the future. Fully endorsed by ourselves and by Devon and Cornwall Constabulary, I have no doubt that they will soon be seen out and about in the sporting arena. In closing, I would like to thank all of our sponsors, partners, clubs and volunteers for their hard work and continuing support. For more information about the Police Community Clubs of Great Britain, please visit www.policecommunityclubs.org. Barry T Jones MBE Founder of the Police Community Clubs of Great Britain

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time in 2012; and • The vision for the London 2012 Olympic Games to combine three bodies of work – sport, education and culture. Weight: as light as possible

• The London 2012 Olympic Torch features 8,000 small cut-out  circles, representing the 8,000 inspirational people who will carry it on its journey around the UK.

unique level of transparency. You can see right to the heart of the Torch and view the burner system which will keep the Olympic Flame alive on its journey around the UK.

• The Torch was designed by east Londoners Edward Barber and Jay Osgerby, who won the opportunity through a competitive tender run by the London 2012 Organising Committee and the Design Council.

• The circles also help ensure heat is quickly dissipated, without being conducted down the handle, and providing extra grip.

• Basildon-based product engineers Tecosim, Birminghambased LPG Gas specialists and manufacturers, Bullfinch and Coventry manufacturers Premier Sheet Metal have taken the design and moved it into mass production.

• The Torch stands 800mm high. Colour: gold • The Torch was tested in BMW’s climatic testing facility in Munich to make sure it could withstand all weather conditions. BMW is a Supporting Partner of the London 2012 Olympic Torch Relay. Shape: the power of 3

• The triangular-shaped Torch was • Design (an inspirational 8,000): inspired by a series of ‘threes’ The Torch is made up of an inner that are found in the history of the and an outer aluminium alloy skin, Olympic Games and the vision for held in place by a cast top piece the Olympic Movement: and base, perforated by 8,000 • The three Olympic values of circles. respect, excellence and friendship; • The three words that make the • Representing the inspirational Olympic motto – faster, higher, stories of the 8,000 Torchbearers stronger;  who will carry the Olympic Flame, • The fact that the UK has hosted the circles which run the length of the Olympic Games in 1908, 1948 the body of the Torch also offer a and will host them for the third

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• More than half of the London 2012 Torchbearers are expected to be young people aged as young as 12, so the designers aimed to make the Torch as light as possible. • It is made from a special aluminium alloy developed for the aerospace and automotive industry. The alloy is lightweight but strong, with excellent heat resistance. The 8,000 circles also reduce the weight of the final design, whilst ensuring strength isn’t compromised. The Torch weighs 800 grams.

• The gold colour embraces the qualities of the Olympic Flame – the brightness and the warmth of the light that it shines. The 8,000 Torches will have a gold-coloured finish that delivers an aesthetic beauty whilst having the ability to withstand the temperature of the Olympic Flame. History • The Olympic Flame, Torch and Relay draw on a history going back to the ancient Olympic Games in Greece. The ancient Games • The Torch and Relay were important elements of the cultural


THE OLYMPIC TORCH festivals surrounding the Olympic Games of Ancient Greece. • During the Games, a sacred flame burned continually on the altar of the goddess, Hera. In addition, heralds were summoned to travel throughout Greece to announce the Games, declaring a sacred truce for the duration. • Spreading the light from Greece: the modern Games • A very precise ritual for the lighting of the Flame is followed at every Games. It is lit from the sun’s rays at the Temple of Hera in Olympia, in a traditional ceremony among the ruins of the home of the ancient Games. • After a short relay around Greece, the Flame is handed over to the new Host City at another ceremony in the Panathenaiko stadium in Athens. • The Flame is then delivered to the Host Country, where it is transferred from one Torchbearer to another, spreading the message of peace, unity and friendship. It ends its journey as the last Torchbearer lights the cauldron at the Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in the Olympic Stadium, marking the official start of the Games. • The Flame is extinguished on the final day of the Games, at the Closing Ceremony. Source: www.london2012.com/ games/olympic-torch-relay/ olympic-torch/

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Hold your own

Olympic Games One way to get pupils interested in the Olympic Games is to host your own Olympic Games event. The following information can be used for activities both in and out of the classroom to give pupils an opportunity to take part in a ‘Mini-Olympics’.

Divide Your Children Into Teams Depending on the age of the children involved, you may let them choose their own teams and team names - for younger children it might, however, be preferable to allocate teams and names in advance and announce them on arrival, or perhaps when sending out invitations. Specifying a colour for each team works well and you could always ask the children to turn up wearing a t-shirt or sash in their team’s colour to help with identification. For older children, you could assign a country to each team - perhaps by letting them pick a card (or a flag) out of a hat. Or print and make a flag badge for each child and let them each pick one out of a hat - this way you allocate teams completely randomly, which can be the fairest way and prevent too much anxiety.

Olympic Mascots Every Olympic Games has its mascots, and every team have their mascots too. You can have fun dressing up your teddies and other toys to support your team! Perhaps you could start your own event with some cutting and sticking of ribbons and so on.

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LESSON PLAN - MINI OLYMPICS Olympic Games Suggested Activities: Opening Ceremony Have your own opening ceremony. Get the children busy making flags, hats and mascots, then parade around to display their creations. Play some good marching music. If you like you could get the participants to design their own medals; otherwise you can buy toy medals to award. Indoor Games: • Paper plane folding and throwing • Hoopla • Basketball • Obstacle course • Discus (using paper plates) • Simple gymnastics displays Outdoor Games: Throw the bean bag or sock (push a tennis ball into the toe of a sock and tie the other end) - have competitions to see who can throw it the furthest. Of course you could throw practically anything - including wellies. • Basketball • Running races or all sorts of races, including distance races, three legged races, egg and spoon races, sack races and relay races • Obstacle course • Discus using Frisbees • High jump and/or long jump • Swimming races, if you are lucky enough to have access to a swimming pool • You could also hold table tennis, badminton and tennis tournaments if you have the equipment • Simple gymnastics displays

Medals and Closing Ceremony Of course no Olympic Games can be complete without the awarding of medals and a closing ceremony. If possible, find some boxes so that medal winners can stand to get their applause. Older children will accept that there are winners (and losers) in every event, but for younger children you should plan to give every child a medal for taking part. When medals have been handed out, give the children a chance to march around again, this time displaying medals proudly. If the children’s parents have not been present, it is a nice touch to invite them at a specific time to see the medal presentation and closing ceremony.

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LONDON

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LONDON PARALYMPICS 29 August – 9 Sept 2012 The London 2012 Paralympic Games will run from Wednesday, 29 August to Sunday, 9 September, and they will be the second largest multi-sport event in the world. The London 2012 Paralympic Games are being planned together with the Olympic Games and will be something very special. They will aim to leave a memorable Paralympic sports legacy. The London Paralympic 2012 Games will be a huge festival of sport with the whole of the world watching events such as Boccia, Goalball, Wheelchair Tennis and Wheelchair Rugby. The Paralympics in London in 2012 will be the 14th Games dedicated to athletes with physical disabilities. History   The Paralympics have come a long way from their humble origins as a rehabilitation programme for British war veterans with spinal injuries. In 1948, Sir Ludwig Guttman, a neurologist who was working with World War II veterans with spinal injuries at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Aylesbury, began using sport as part of the rehabilitation programmes of his patients. Stoke Mandeville can therefore be considered as the starting point for the now world famous Paralympic Games. Sir Ludwig Guttman set up a competition with other hospitals to coincide with the London Olympics in that year. For the next ten years, Guttman’s care plan was adopted by other spinal injury

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units in Britain and competition grew. In 1960, the Olympics were held in Rome, and Guttmann brought 400 wheelchair athletes to the Olympic city to compete. This was the birth of the modern Parallel Olympics or, the Paralympics, as they are now known. It is all a long way from the humble beginnings in Stoke Mandeville. The Bid To Hold The Games On July 6, 2005, at 12:46pm UK time, Jacques Rogge stood in front of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) General Assembly in Singapore and announced: “The Games of the XXXth Olympiad in 2012 are awarded to the city of.......... London.” This announcement was greeted with delight by the London delegation in Singapore, the huge crowd of 30,000 people gathered in Trafalgar Square and at events all over the country. This was the result of three years’ hard work by a dedicated bid team supported by millions of people around the UK. Lord Sebastian Coe, OBE, headed London’s successful bid to host the 2012 London Olympics and Paralympics.   London Paralympics 2012 Committee   The London Organising Committee (LOCOG) is responsible for preparing and staging both the London 2012 Olympic and the London 2012 Paralympic Games. It is the first Organising Committee to integrate planning for the Games in this way. The Olympic Delivery Authority

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(ODA) is the public body responsible for developing and building the venues and infrastructure for the London 2012 Paralympic Games. Finances It has been estimated that the total cost for the London 2012 Paralympics and the London 2012 Olympics will be more than £9bn. Creating the Olympic venues and making sure the right infrastructures are in place for the Games will primarily be funded by public money - taxes. The Games themselves will be funded mainly by the private sector. London Paralympics 2012 Logo This is the first time that the same logo will be used for both the London 2012 Olympic and the London 2012 Paralympics. The aim is to set new standards on and off the track, and be a catalyst for continued change for public attitudes towards disability. The use of the same core emblem for both the London 2012 Olympic Games and London 2012 Paralympic Games is part of this process. Aims The aims of the London 2012 Paralympic Games were very aptly summed up by The Chairman of the London 2012 Paralympic Games, Lord Coe when he said: “We want to set new standards on and off the track, and be a catalyst for continued change for public attitudes towards disability.” Venues All Paralympic athletes will be

housed within the Athletes’ Village set within the Olympic Park which has been designed to be fully accessible and built to the national ‘Life Times Home’ standard. The village is an example of the very best of inclusive design. Paralympic sailors and rowers will have accommodation close to their competition venues in Weymouth and Eton Dorney but will also have a bed available within the village if required. The bulk of London’s Paralympic competition venues are set in two zones - the Olympic Park Zone and the River Zone. The two zones are within 15 minutes of each other, leading to one of the most compact Games ever, minimising travel times and disruption for Paralympians. The Olympic Park will contain the main Athletics stadium, where the Athletics and opening and closing ceremonies will take place. In the north of the Park at Eton Manor will be the Archery and Wheelchair Tennis venue, which will be converted post-Games into a state-of-the-art indoor and outdoor tennis centre. Three indoor arenas will host Wheelchair Rugby, Goalball, Wheelchair Basketball, Judo, and Wheelchair Fencing. The Aquatics Centre will host swimming. The Greenwich temporary arena will host Sitting Volleyball, and Greenwich Park will host Equestrian events, providing a stunning backdrop. ExCeL will host Boccia, Powerlifting, Wheelchair Basketball and Table Tennis and The Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich will host Shooting. Information taken from: www.city-of-london.com/london-paralympics-2012.html


LONDON PARALYMPICS

Interesting Statistics for the London 2012 Paralympics

The following statistics are approximations:

Number of sports - 20 Number of Athletes - 4,500 Number of journalists to cover the event - 20,000 Number of countries represented - 200 Number of officials involved in staging the Paralympic games- 2,300 Number of tickets expected to be sold - 1.5 million The Citizenship Magazine for Schools 17


r e n r o C ’ s l i p u P As we all prepare ourselves for this summers Olympics, Dave Harris asks pupils in his class about what they are looking forward to seeing at London 2012.

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PUPILS’ CORNER I was interested to find out just how much the pupils knew about the Olympic message of sportsmanship and its importance.

where I was born.” I wasn’t sure how much it would matter to children where the games were held so I decided to push them on the importance of the location.

What do you know about the Olympics? A simple question, but I wanted to know how much information had been lost through the media build up and hype surrounding London 2012. Tamzin answered: “The Olympics is where all the countries in the world take part in sports to get medals.” A correct answer, but it was Nicole who was able to draw on what she had learnt through our assemblies and lessons. “The Olympics are originally from Greece. It’s where different countries compete to do events and win medals,” she said. Both answers identifying medals with the Olympics.

How do you feel about the Olympics being in London? “Its great as we can see it all happen. I’m going to watch the torch as it comes through our town and I wouldn’t be able to have seen it before,” enthused Laura. The Olympic torch touring the country is something that has clearly captured the imaginations of the pupils. A surprising answer came from Korey who was able to identify non-sporting benefits for the Olympics being held in the UK. He said: “It’s good for Britain as it will bring money to our country by all the people visiting it.”

Why do you think the Olympics are so important? Here I wanted to move away from the medals and rewards athletes can gain by competing in the Olympics. Even as adults, there might be some of us wondering what all the fuss is about when it comes to London 2012. I sought answers from my class on just why we get so excited every four years when the Olympics hit our television screens. Jamie told me: “The Olympics are important because it’s a time when all the best sportspeople come together to compete against each other.” Laura agreed and added that its importance was down to the Olympics being “the biggest sports event in the world”. The pupils had already made me think again about the ‘uniqueness’ of the games when Kirsty explained: “All the different countries come together which is important. Also it’s in London this year so it’s important to me as it’s

Kwon-Do as the Olympic athletes came into our school to tell us about their event and I want to see if we (Great Britain) do well.” Dylan and Josh are excited to see the running events and especially the 100m “because Usain Bolt is the fastest”. Not bad judges and every member of the class has already practiced the Usain ‘winners pose’! But its not just Mr Bolt who will grab all the attention this summer. “I’m looking forward to the gymnastics because that’s my favourite event,” said Nicole and with new events being added for London 2012, it should be interesting to see which event proves the biggest winner with the children.

Do the Olympics make you want to become involved in sport? The Olympics are great to watch, How important is it to have good but I wondered if by watching sportsmanship? an event on television, it made As a teacher, I’m looking forward you want to take part in it. Josh to athletes this summer providing answered: “Yes, watching it and good examples of sportsmanship hearing about it makes you want to pupils. It was pleasing to hear to do sport. When the judo athlete that the children in my class came in to the school recently, already valued the importance afterwards I wanted to try judo.” of sportsmanship. Dylan stated: Clare singled out our own ‘Mini “Sportsmanship is very important. Olympics’ adding: “I like sport but In school, when we play (sport) we the Olympics makes me want to are always fair and after the game do more. In school we are having our teachers always tells us to our own Olympic games with shake hands if we win or lose.” medals which will be fun and I’m I was further encouraged that taking part in the swimming and the pupils understood the ‘play throwing events.” fair’ message when Jamie added: The watching then taking part “Taking part and being a good ethos was also endorsed by Korey sport is more important (than who finally said: “When I watch winning) as we need to treat each sport, it makes me want to play. other fairly and be friendly.” I go with my friends to the park and race and I also want to join a What are you looking forward to gymnastics club.” most at the Olympic games? This all sounds great and I’m Satisfied that the sportsmanship delighted the pupils are looking message was not being lost on forward to this summers event the class, I wanted to know what although I’m sure I’m not the only events everyone was looking teacher a little apprehensive at the forward to seeing. Liam thought of maybe a class full of commented on what he was ‘wannabe’ Olympic boxers come looking forward to: “Judo and Tae September! The Citizenship Magazine for Schools 21


‘Sportsmanship versus Citizenship’ A sports pitch can be the place where we see children act ‘themselves’ the most. Although there will be coaches and spectators including parents watching, in the midst of competition we can see the link between citizenship and sportsmanship. This summer will see commentators highlight the importance of that word ‘sportsmanship’. The old adage of behaving in the correct manner both on and off the pitch will be dragged out once more. It’s the most logical thing to believe that those who behave properly outside of sport should behave in the same manner when competing. Unfortunately, it’s not that simple. In the same way coaches are not teachers, the sports field is not the classroom and whatever positive values that have been instilled in children can often disappear once the prospect of winning becomes visible. Perhaps for too long we, as adults, have gone along with the notion that polite pupils make polite athletes and are still surprised when a pupil displays an act of unsportsmanship. Why are we so surprised that children can often abandon morals for medals; values for victory? When teachers tell a group of children that ‘it’s the taking part that counts’, are they listening? I remember hearing Linford Christie say in a television interview that: “The person who said it’s not the winning it’s the taking part, was a loser.” Is it not inevitable that whilst children use sport as a time to escape the confines of the

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classroom, they will probably leave their positive behaviour there too? Teachers and parents will sincerely hope that is not the case but it is ‘hope’ rather than expectation. It is ‘the British way’ to pat ourselves on the back whenever we see an act of sportsmanship. For the many pictures taken from the epic Ashes series between English and Australian cricketers in 2005, the most poignant was the one which showed Andrew Flintoff offering his commiserations to Brett Lee seconds after England had scored a dramatic victory. A fantastic sportsman who was able to put his own joy to one side for a moment. However, as a citizen away from the cricket pitch, ‘Freddie’ Flintoff was at the centre of controversy involving a pedalo and stripped of the England captaincy. The gallant loser is a label given to many a British sportsman or team in recent history. We should maybe be grateful that as a nation we hold the conduct of our athletes in such high regard. A couple of years ago, Roger Federer was heavily criticised the day after winning yet another Wimbledon crown cementing his reputation as a tennis legend. His crime? He hadn’t mentioned his opponent in his winners speech. The point here is that when it comes to being a good sport or a good citizen; there has to be a balance. Being a positive member of your community should mean that you behave well in every surrounding. Of course when there are rewards at stake it can be

difficult to achieve this, but even after an event it is crucial to be gracious and courteous in the same way you would do when leaving school. The Olympics and its roots in amateur sport will look to provide the positive example to follow not just in a stadium in London but at selected venues across the length and breadth of the country. It could prove to be a crucial time in ensuring citizenship in school transmits itself to sportsmanship in sport. A respect between athletes from all over the globe and a dignity in both victory and defeat should be the over-riding theme of London 2012. It should be a time when children understand the importance of behaving properly no matter what the situation. When good citizenship and good sportsmanship are not separate entities. A chance to celebrate an athletes’ participation as equally as another’s achievement. I’m looking forward to seeing hugely competitive athletes behaving in a manner which the children of Great Britain can admire. I also hope that the same athletes behave as well beyond the games themselves, showing that children can have a winning attitude in all walks of life. In a summer which is set to be a spectacularly sporting one, wouldn’t it be fantastic to see children re-enter the classroom after the holidays showing good citizenship in the wake of what they’d seen on television? It would be worth a gold medal in itself.


FEATURE – BY ANDREW DAVIES

finding a match for positive behaviour

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LESSON PLAN

The Olympic Games Key Learning Objectives:

Respect

PSHE and Citizenship: • To recognise their worth as individuals by identifying positive things about themselves and their achievements, seeing their mistakes, making amends and setting personal goals. • To know what makes a healthy lifestyle, including the benefits of exercise and healthy eating, what affects mental health, and how to make informed choices. • To know that their actions affect themselves and others, to care about other people’s feelings and to try to see things from their points of view. Vocabulary: • Respect • Authority Introduction: Respect is one of the three core values underpinning the modern Olympic Games. It includes respect for oneself and one’s body, respect for others, as well as rules and regulations, and respect for the environment. In relation to sport, respect stands for keeping true to one’s integrity, engaging in fair play and fighting against doping or any other unethical behaviour. These core values are brought to life through additional principles of the Olympic Movement, such as universality, sustainability and non-discrimination. They are evidenced through the Olympic Movement’s planning and managing of the games in an environmentally friendly manner, promoting women in sport, constructing sports education buildings in developing countries, providing sports equipment to underprivileged areas, and caring for the poor, victims of war, and AIDS patients. Discussion: Ask the children for their ideas about the meaning of respect (see definition above). Tell the children that the first step to developing respect for others is to acknowledge that all people have value. Discuss with the children what some of their special possessions are. Ask the children how they take care of their possessions and how they expect other people to respect them. Explain that people are more valuable than any possession. Stress that in the same way that they value their possessions, they must learn to value themselves and others. Talk about the ways in which they show their parents and staff within the school respect. The Citizenship Magazine for Schools 25


LESSON PLAN Activity: Button badges Divide the class into groups of 4-5. Allow at least 5 minutes for the children to brainstorm and list various ways in which we can show respect. 1. List things people say when they want to show respect, e.g. ‘Please,’ ‘Thank you,’ ‘I appreciate that,’ ‘Can I help you?’, ‘I’m so sorry,’ ‘I’m so sorry if I offended you.’ 2. List things people do/don’t do when they are being respectful, e.g. holding the door open for someone who needs help, listening without interrupting, not answering back. 3. List ways in which we can show respect for our environment. • Ask one child from each group to report their thoughts to the class. • Ask the children to return to their groups and discuss what respect does not mean. What kinds of behaviours would they consider to be disrespectful? (Rudeness, malicious gossip, negative criticism, insults etc.) • Give each child a button badge template. • Ask them to add a simple message then a small illustration. Display the badges in a prominent position, and ask the rest of the class to vote for the message they think is best. If possible, replicate this as button badges for all children to wear.

Follow Up Activity: Making our school more respectful In groups of 3 – 5, ask the children to identify a real problem in their school caused by a lack of respect (e.g. talking in class, dress code, running in corridors, children taking over more than their share of the playground for football, litter, rudeness to midday-supervisors, parking at home time, lack of respect for volunteers running after school clubs, misuse of the toilets). • Ask them to research the causes, the extent and the impact of the problem. How many people are affected? Does this problem cost the school money? If so, how much every year? • Brainstorm possible solutions to the problem. Who is in a position to solve it? What can the children do to help? • As a class, select the best alternative and propose a plan. • Create a presentation describing the impact of the problem, the proposed solution, and the action plan for implementing the solution. • Elect a representative(s) to make a presentation to the appropriate person (e.g. headteacher, governors). • Once the plan is underway, work with the school council, staff and governors to create and implement a complete programme to ensure that everyone involved with the school becomes more respectful.

This lesson plan was adapted from Go Givers. To view this and other various lesson plans, visit www.gogivers.org/teachers/lessons/

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AWARDS2011 In association with The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain

2012

. . . n o s u c Fo

Healthy eating AWARDS2011

In association with The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain

Ahead of the Community Education Awards 2012, Alex Phennah discusses healthy eating and nutrition as we continue to receive nominations for The Healthy Eating Initiative Award. With so much conflicting advice and hundreds of exercise routines, diets and a variety of supplements it’s easy to get lost in the world of improving your fitness. As a trainee fitness instructor who has battled with my own weight and fitness, I am going to share with you some of the basics to improving your fitness and taking the first steps to a fitter, happier, healthier lifestyle. Healthy living is not for the under 20’s, it’s not for the over 40’s. It’s not for thin people, not for muscled people and it’s not for those struggling with their weight… it’s for everyone, regardless of age, sex, or ability. And it doesn’t need to cost a fortune, you don’t need expensive gear or even attend expensive gyms. Becoming fitter can be a simple start, then when you find 28 The Citizenship Magazine for Schools

an activity you like you can then look into developing your skills by joining groups, gyms or clubs. There are many barriers to fitness that professional instructors are trained to help you overcome. It could be work commitments, family commitments, financial restraints, motivation or fear of exercise. In the case of a young person it could be that they are not involved in teams sports or there are other issues perhaps socially. The trick is to understand your obstacles to gaining fitness and recognise what the underlying cause is. As a teacher, it’s important to make sure everyone is involved in exercise and a healthy lifestyle is always encouraged. Many people have preconceived notions that when you are at a gym, for example,


HEALTHY EATING – BY ALEX PHENNAH everyone is looking at you and everyone is a bronzed Adonis with pecs/buns of steel and this can transmit itself to children. Firstly, try to avoid focusing on the media defined stereotype of muscled guys on the free weights, or the slender girl on the treadmill going hell for leather. Yes they are there but there are also a huge multitude of other people there, and we are all there for the same reason, to improve our personal fitness. Because of this, they’re not going to be bothered with you as they are doing the same as you are and trying to improve their fitness. It’s a message which should be told to children to try and boost their confidence. But remember there are thousands of different things you can do as well as indoor, outdoor, team and solo activities. I can guarantee that everyone, irrespective of age, can find something that they will enjoy.

Guidelines for fitness The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) releases guidelines for improving your fitness. There are three areas of fitness that can enable you to have an improved quality of life. Cardiovascular fitness (aerobic exercise, running, jogging, walking), muscular strength and endurance fitness (using weights, resistance bands or own body

weight) and flexibility fitness, (activities such as Pilates, yoga and tai chi). There are in-depth guidelines for each of these areas from ACSM which you can find online or by speaking to a fitness professional. Here, we’re going to look at the progressive approach, see where you are on the chart then plan slow build up to the next level…

Moderate activity for example could be general physical activity and everyday tasks, cycling, walking, hiking, heavy housework, DIY, gardening etc… Vigorous activity for example in adults could include brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming and working large muscles through movement. (E.g. exercise to music aerobic classes). For children, exercise levels can be dictated through play activities as well as through regulated PE lessons.

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HEALTHY EATING – BY ALEX PHENNAH

Living a healthy lifestyle has huge benefits such as reducing the risk of fatal heart problems, helping you to live longer, reducing tiredness, improving your mood, reducing stress and many, many more. One major factor in living a healthy lifestyle at any age is of course food; this does NOT include crazy diets, starving yourself or attempting to drink inordinate amounts of water every day! All you need is some rough guidelines and a basic knowledge of what food is made up from:

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HEALTHY EATING – BY ALEX PHENNAH

Healthy eating: Eat •

Predominantly complex carbs

5-7 portions of vegetables and fruit a day

Moderate amounts of protein, less protein from animal sources

Restrict intake of food containing saturated fats and sugar

Eat less saturated fat and replace with unsaturated fat (both mono- and poly-)

Drink at least 2-3 litres of water per day

Reduce salt intake

Don’t skip breakfast – your metabolism is at its highest level in the morning… so it’s the best time to eat!

Before taking part in any fitness or exercise session it’s important to check on a child’s health and ensure that there are no issues. If in doubt, always consult a doctor. Then it’s down to you as a teacher, to promote a healthier, happier lifestyle. The Community Education Awards is a scheme run by the Police Community Clubs of Great Britain to recognise innovation and education in schools that specifically engage with the wider community. One of their awards recognises projects that promote healthy living in schools and communities across the UK. The Health Eating Initiative Award is open to all schools. For more information visit www.communityeducationawards.co.uk

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Aquatics Centre The steel used to build the Aquatics centre comes from Newport in Wales The wave shaped roof on the Aquatics Centre measures 12,000 square metres which is one and a half times bigger than Wembley football pitch The amount of material that had to be excavated to build the Aquatics centre was the equivalent of 160,000 tonnes of soil

Velodrome The Velodrome is one of the most sustainable venues in the Olympic Park. The lightweight roof weighs roughly half that of any other covered Velodrome, helping create a highly-efficient building The Velodrome ‘Cable – net’ roof is made from 17 km of steel cables. That’s over 10 miles of steel cable, twice the height of Mount Everest The designers and builders of the London 2012 Velodrome are aiming for it to be the fastest indoor cycling track in the world

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LONDON 2012: FACTS AND FIGURES

International Broadcast Centre/ Main Press Centre The International Broadcast Centre will be a 24 hour media hub for around 20,000 broadcasters, photographers and journalists who will bring the Games to an estimated four billion people worldwide It is the size of six full size football pitches The biggest fork lift truck in the country was used during the erection of the steel frame

Olympic Stadium The Olympic Stadium will have a capacity of 80,000 during the Games It is the lightest Olympic stadium ever built The fourteen lighting towers are needed because this is the first Olympic Games with HD TV freeze-frame coverage that will be essential to capture the action Part of the supporting structure of the roof is formed from 2,500 tonnes of steel tubing that was actually recycled from old gas pipelines

Source: http://getset.london2012.com/en/the-games/about-london-2012

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GROW YOUR OWN - LESSON PLAN

GrowYour Own

Squash Plants Our latest Grow Your Own lesson plan is provided by www.goselfsufficient.co.uk GoSelfSufficient was formed to offer a unique reference point on becoming self sufficent. Their features and articles are written by experts - who have experience, or a particular interest in this area.

Squash plants are closely related to cucumbers, courgettes and marrows, and are a member of the same family, curcubit. Squash plants come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and include butternut squash, spaghetti squash, and pumpkins. Squashes generally have a rich, orange flesh, but their outer skins can range from pale cream to darkest green. Squashes can be subdivided into two categories: summer squash and winter squash. Winter squash are ready to harvest from mid-late autumn and are ideal for storing to use over the winter months. All squash plants are grown in the same way, requiring a lot of space and nutrients. Set aside a generous portion of your plot to grow them in and add plenty of organic matter, such as homemade compost or well-rotted manure. This will provide them with sufficient nutrients to see them through their long growing season. Sowing Squash Seeds Squash plants need a moisture-retentive, fertile soil preferably in a warm, sunny position. Sow two seeds on their sides per station, 2.5cm deep outdoors in late May or early June, or raise them in pots on a warm windowsill or in a greenhouse, from March. If both seeds germinate, remove the weaker one. When all risk of frost has passed and the plants have at least four ‘true’ leaves, transplant them into their final growing positions. Squash plants benefit from the same growing conditions and nutrient-hungry courgettes and marrows, so create planting pockets for them, around 30cm square and deep and filled with homemade compost and well-rotted manure, and topped off with soil. Create a low mound at the top of the pocket, and dig a planting hole to place the young plant in. Water the plants well and keep the area free from weeds. It’s also a good idea to sink a 15cm pot into the soil next to the plant. By watering into the pot you will direct water straight to the roots, where it is needed.

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Growing Tips When the plant’s main shoots have grown to 60cm long, trim them back so the plant’s energy is concentrated on producing flowers and fruit, rather than masses of foliage. Encourage pollinators, such as bees to the area by planting native wildflowers (foxgloves, sunflowers and echinacea) near your vegetable plot. When the bees gather nectar and pollen from the wildflowers, they will also stop by and pollinate your vegetable blooms, which lead to more fruit setting, increasing your yield. Soil-borne pests or fungal diseases can damage the tender fruits, so support them by lifting them off the ground, using bricks, tiles, or even polythene. Harvesting Squashes Harvest summer squashes when the fruits are still small, ensuring they are more flavoursome. Use a clean, sharp pair of scissors or secateurs and snip the stem, avoiding wounding it, which can let in infection. For pumpkins and winter squashes intended for storing over winter, allow the fruit to fully mature on the plant and then harvest it when the foliage has died down, making sure you have harvested them before the first frost.

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The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain in partnership with Community Initiatives Associates helps to educate children on environmental issues by delivering the Barney & Echo Citizenship Project to schools.

Sparky's Big Idea poster set

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Sparky’s Big Idea: Barney Says Let’s Talk about The Environment is the latest title in the range of Barney and Echo educational resources for schools. The book was developed to help teachers and parents introduce primary school children to the topic of the environment in an ageappropriate manner, enabling pupils to understand both the nature of the problems the environment faces and also the importance of sustainability. With the environment under threat, it is incumbent of schools to encourage children to make responsible choices and develop a sustainable lifestyle. Aimed at pupils in key stage 1-2, Sparky’s Big Idea aims to educate children on the importance of protecting the environment and using sustainable energy. Sparky’s Big Idea is the sixth book in the series. Living in a forest, there appears to be an endless supply of wood but as the animals use it up without planting new trees the forest starts to die. Sparky Fox tries to tell everyone to recycle and save energy but nobody will listen until the Treetop Forest

Council announce that they will need to cut down an area of forest to supply wood for the winter. This includes cutting down Echo Squirrel’s home. It’s time for change and with Sparky’s help, Echo starts an Eco Club. The mixture of puzzles and activities that punctuate the narrative then offer them the chance to consider their own thoughts on the issues raised which they can then discuss with others in the group. In addition to the resource itself, all schools will benefit from the Sparky’s Big Idea schools programme pack including colourful and informative posters, a dramatisation of the book and extra lesson plans to be found online on our dedicated website www.barneyecho.co.uk. There are also five other books in the series. The Magic Mirror addresses the dangers of drugs, tobacco and alcohol in a fun but informative way by looking at how a group of friends cope with harmful substances. A Friendship Made tackles issues relating to bullying and vandalism, and examines what life would be like

For more information please go to

www.barneyecho.co.uk To see additional projects that The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain are involved in visit www.policecommunityclubs.org

in a society where people have no respect for each other or the environment. Echo’s New Watch approaches the dangers of knife crime within the social environment of children. Caught in the Web tackles internet safety and The Bad Apples looks at anti-social behaviour. These stories are intended to not only warn children about the dangers that they might be confronted with in everyday life, but also to educate children and their carers on numerous subjects relating to the promotion of life skills. Included with each title is a play based upon the narrative of the book which pupils can use as part of their lesson plan, and posters which convey the message of each resource booklet. As part of promoting the citizenship programme, The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain and Community Initiatives Associates hold instructive conferences at which schools and organisations involved in sponsorship and support of the programme can come together and share ideas.


AWARDS2011 In association with The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain For more information on the Community Education Awards 2011 winners and for pictures and highlights from the ceremony hosted by Esther Rantzen CBE, visit www.communityeducationawards.co.uk The Awards were a major success and plans are now already underway for

The Community Education Awards 2012 AWARDS2011 Friday 2nd November 2012 In association with The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain

We know that this years event will be even better with a wider range of awards categories opening up this prestigious occasion to every single school in the British Isles, enabling the schools and teachers to showcase their achievements at a ceremony dedicated to rewarding those who go that extra mile. Nominations are currently being accepted for next year’s awards categories. The list of award categories plus details of how to make a nomination will be available on The Awards website.

2012 ChildLine founder Esther Rantzen CBE and former sports minister Richard Caborn are proud to act as brand ambassadors for the Community Education Awards

Esther Rantzen CBE has campaigned tirelessly for children's rights for more than 20 years. Having first found fame as the presenter of That's Life! - the BBC's long-running consumer programme she went on to set up ChildLine, the first 24-hour confidential helpline for children. After it was merged with the NSPCC she went on to serve as the charity's trustee and continues to work for child welfare.

THE COMMUNITY EDUCATION AWARDS 2012 Award Categories Environment Health & Lifestyle Community Internet/Technology Finance Mentor/Individual Awards

We look forward to another night of celebration at

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CITIZENSHIP The Police Community Clubs

magazine for schools

ONLINE WWW.THECITIZENSHIPMAGAZINE.CO.UK There’s much more to our website than just the latest issue… News – Our news section provides you with all of the latest developments in PSHE and citizenship Twitter – Social media enthusiasts can follow the @Citizenship_Mag account and have updates sent straight to their own home page Blog – Our editor, Andrew Davies, offers advice, reflections and insights e-Subscription service – We offer a free subscription service that enables readers to receive a round-up of the latest news as well as links to new features and resources

Our website also makes it even easier for you to get in touch and contribute to Citizenship. We welcome anyone who wishes to provide feedback, suggestions or resource contributions. All methods of contact can be found on the site.


AN OLYMPIC TIMELINE Citizenship Magazine looks back at the Olympic Games, the countries who have hosted them and the highlights from each event.

1896

– Athens, Greece

The first Modern Olympic Games were held in the place of birth of the Olympics. England, Greece, Italy, Russia, Spain, Sweden and the United States open the Games.

1900

– Paris, France

Women took part for the first time in the history of the modern Olympics.

1904

– St. Louis, USA

These were the first modern Olympic Games, where gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded for first, second and third prize respectively.

1908

– London, United Kingdom

The Marathon -- 26 miles to the Olympic stadium and 365 yards inside it -is run for the first time at its current length.

1912

– Stockholm, Sweden

At these games, for the first time competitors came from all five continents symbolised in the Olympic rings.

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– Not held due to World War 1


1920

– Antwerp, Belgium

The Olympic flag unfurled for the first time; its five coloured rings (black, blue, yellow, green and red) incorporate at least one colour found in the flag of every nation on earth.

1924

– Paris, France

The eighth Olympiad was the last one to be organised under the presidency of Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympics.

1928

– Amsterdam, Holland

These games were the first to bear the name Summer Olympic Games and the Olympic torch was also lit for the first time.

1932

– Los Angeles, USA

Colombia and the Republic of China made their first appearances at these Olympic Games. Eddie Tolan of USA becomes the first African-American to win Olympic gold.

1936

– Berlin, Germany

Jesse Owens, an African-American athlete in the times of racial discrimination, became the star of the games and won four gold medals in the sprint and long jump events.

1940 - 1944 1948

– Not held due to World War 2

– London, United Kingdom

The XIV Olympiad was officially opened by King George VI.

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AN OLYMPIC TIMELINE

1952

– Helsinki, Finland

Soviet Union rejoins Games after 40-year absence.

1956

– Melbourne, Australia

11 world records, 36 Olympic records; Australian swimmers capture 8 of 13 golds in sweeping men’s and women’s freestyle events.

1960

– Rome, Italy

83 nations and 5,000 athletes competed. At the Rome Olympics, Soviets won 15 of the 16 possible medals in women’s gymnastics.

1964

– Tokyo, Japan

Japan invests $3billion in preparation. Opening ceremonies are broadcast via satellite for the first time.

1968

– Mexico City, Mexico

These are the only Olympic Games held in Latin America. Also at these games, East and West Germany send their separate teams for the first time.

1972

– Munich, Germany

The Games were marred by the Munich massacre. On September 5, 1972 Palestinian terrorists belonging to the Black September Organisation abducted eleven Israeli athletes from the Games Village and subsequently killed them.

1976

– Montreal, Canada

The Games were officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II and several of the members of the Royal Family of Britain were present on the occasion.

1980

– Moscow, Russia

The USA boycotted the Games as a protest to USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan.

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1984

– Los Angeles, USA

Owing to the American boycott of the 1980 Olympic Games, Soviet and other Eastern bloc countries including Cuba, East Germany and others also boycotted the Los Angeles Games.

1988

– Seoul, Korea

Ben Johnson of Canada and 10 other competitors are disqualified for using performance-enhancing drugs.

1992

– Barcelona, Spain

With the exception of Afghanistan, it was for the first time since 1972 Munich Olympics that all the IOC countries participated in the games.

1996

– Atlanta, USA

Twenty four countries made their Olympic debut this year. The Games were also affected by violence as on July 27, 1996 the Centennial Olympic Park was bombed killing two and wounding 111 others.

2000

– Sydney, Australia

The ‘Millennium Games’ generated much interest worldwide. Sir Steve Redgrave became the only rower ever to win gold medals in five consecutive Games and just one of four Olympians overall.

2004

– Athens, Greece

At the Athens Olympic Games all the 202 nations affiliated to the International Olympic Committee participated at the Games. The Athenians put up a spectacular cultural show and fireworks during the opening and closing ceremonies.

2008

– Beijing, China

The most-populated country on the planet hosted the world’s biggest sporting event and served up a spectacular celebration of the 29th Olympiad – headlined by history-making Usain Bolt and Michael Phelps.

2012

– London, United Kingdom

The London 2012 Games are the catalyst for transforming 2.5sq km of land in east London. What was once industrial, contaminated land has been rapidly transformed over the last few years. Will Team GB win big in their home games? The Citizenship Magazine for Schools 51


CRIMINAL RECORDS BUREAU [CRB] DISCLOSURE

The process made easy Are you a company, nursing home, local authority, teacher, nurse, child minder, sports coach, home tutor, volunteer or one of the thousands of people who need to obtain a CRB Disclosure? Whatever your role, if you or your staff/volunteers have unsupervised contact with children and young people or vulnerable adults – we can help. The Police Community Clubs of Great Britain is a registered body under the Criminal Records Bureau [CRB] and as such can provide all the documentation and support administration to secure Criminal Records Bureau [CRB] Disclosures for you. Our clients are single applicants through to multi-national companies and national governing bodies of sport and we are a leading provider in the UK. All our team are serving or retired police officers and provide a wealth of knowledge when risk-assessing Disclosures on your behalf. All profits from this service support community based projects for children and young people.

If you wish to engage the Police Clubs CRB Service or wish to discuss further: Please call on – 01237 474 869 E-mail: barryjones@policecommunityclubs.org

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Providing opportunities Creating successful Communities



The Olympics Issue