Page 1

3URFHVVDPHQWRGHVLQDO p(QYHORSHqSDUDDQ¼OLVH GHYLEUDÂÐHVGHURODPHQWRV HPHTXLSDPHQWRVGLQ½PLFRV

M

58

(VWHDUWLJRDSUHVHQWDXPDGLVFXVV¾RSU¼WLFDGDVWÄFQLFDVXWLOL]DGDV SDUDPRQLWRUL]DUDFRQGL¾RGHURODPHQWRVHPHTXLSDPHQWRV GLQ½PLFRV([HPSORVGDWÄFQLFDGHSURFHVVDPHQWRSRUp(QYHORSHq V¾RXWLOL]DGRVSDUDH[SODQDURXVRGHVWDWHFQRORJLD 6.)3RUWXJDOs5RODPHQWRV/GD 7HO’)D[ JHUDOSW#VNIFRP’ZZZVNISW

DOSSIER › Análise e Diagnóstico na Manutenção

120

32548¥021,725,=$5$ &21',¢ž2'2652/$0(1726"

GL¾RGDWHPSHUDWXUDGHIXQFLRQDPHQ WR DQ¼OLVH GR OXEULƬFDQWH YHULƬFD¾R

)LJXUD(VSHWURHP))7JHQÄULFRGHXP

4XDOTXHUTXHVHMDDLQGÕVWULDTXHSRV

GH UXÈGR H WHQGÅQFLD GRV HVSHWURV GH

URODPHQWRFRPGHIHLWR

VXDHTXLSDPHQWRVGLQ½PLFRVWHPXPD

YHORFLGDGH

SDUWH GR VHX RUÂDPHQWR GH PDQXWHQ ¾RGHVWLQDGR»DTXLVL¾RGHURODPHQ

D IROJDV GHVDOLQKDPHQWR RX GHVHTXLOÈ EULR 1DV DOWDVIUHTXÅQFLDV VXUJH XPD

DSULQFLSDOFDXVDGHIDOKDQ¾RIRUDPRV

&2026(0$1,)(67$ $'(7(5,25$¢ž2 '252/$0(172"

URODPHQWRVHVWHVV¾RIUHTXHQWHPHQWH

$ GHWHULRUD¾R GRV URODPHQWRV PDQL

SURSULDPHQWH GLWRV H GD UHVVRQ½QFLD

VXEVWLWXÈGRV DSURYHLWDQGR D RSRUWXQL

IHVWDVH QXPD IDVH SUHFRFH SHOR DSD

HVWUXWXUDO FDXVDGD SRU HVWHV 6H R HV

GDGHGHPDQXWHQ¾RGHIRUPDDRWLPL

UHFLPHQWRGHHOHYDGDVTXDQWLGDGHVGH

SHWUR GH IUHTXÅQFLD IRU DQDOLVDGR GH

]DU HRX SURORQJDU R FLFOR GH YLGD ÕWLO

HQHUJLD QD JDPD GH DOWDVIUHTXÅQFLDV

IRUPDLVRODGDHVWDRFRUUÅQFLDSRGHVHU

GRDWLYRGHSURGX¾R1RHQWDQWRDID

VHJXLGRGHXPDXPHQWRGHUXÈGRYLEUD

LQFRUUHWDPHQWHDWULEXÈGDDXPDJUDQGH

OKDGRURODPHQWRÄDFRQVHTXÅQFLDGH

¾R H WHPSHUDWXUD 6H LQVWDODUPRV XP

YDULHGDGHGHGHIHLWRVFRPRSRUH[HP

XPDVÄULHGHSUREOHPDVGHGLIHUHQWHV

DFHOHUÎPHWUR QXPD FKXPDFHLUD TXH

SORFDYLWD¾RGDERPEDUXÈGRDVVRFLD

RULJHQV WDLV FRPR GHVHTXLOÈEULR GH

FRQWHQKD XP URODPHQWR FRP GHIHLWR

GR D RXWUR HTXLSDPHQWR SUREOHPDV

VDOLQKDPHQWR RSHUD¾R D YHORFLGDGHV

ÕQLFRQDSLVWDH[WHUQDFDGDYH]TXHXP

GH UHVVRQ½QFLD IXJDV GH YDSRU HQWUH

FUÈWLFDVPRQWDJHPLQFRUUHWDOXEULƬFD

HOHPHQWR URODQWH SDVVD SHOR GHIHLWR

RXWURV 3DUD VHU SRVVÈYHO YLVXDOL]DU DV

¾R LQDGHTXDGD RX PHVPR LQH[LVWHQ

RFRUUH XP LPSDFWR 2V LPSDFWRV UHDLV

KDUPÎQLFDV TXH RFRUUHP QD JDPD GDV

WH HQWUH RXWURV 5DUDPHQWH RFRUUH D

V¾RPXLWRSHTXHQRVTXDQGRFRPSDUD

DOWDVIUHTXÅQFLDVÄQHFHVV¼ULRXVDUXP

GHJUDGD¾R GR URODPHQWR SXUDPHQ

GRVFRPDYLEUD¾RJOREDOGRFRQMXQWR

HOHYDGRQÕPHURGHOLQKDVGHUHVROX¾R

WH GHYLGR D FDXVDV LQWHUQDV ([LVWHP

'HSHQGHQGR GD JHRPHWULD LQWHUQD GR

FRP XPD UHGX]LGD ODUJXUD GH EDQGD

DOJXQV HVWXGRV TXH DWHVWDP TXH RV

URODPHQWRHGRQÕPHURGHHOHPHQWRV

1RWÈSLFRHVSHWURGHYLEUD¾RDV]RQDV

SUREOHPDV YLEUDFLRQDLV GHWHWDGRV HP

URODQWHV SRGHU¾R H[LVWLU DSUR[LPDGD

GH HQHUJLD HP DOWDIUHTXÅQFLD VXUJHP

HTXLSDPHQWRV GLQ½PLFRV V¾R PDLRUL

PHQWHHQWUHDLPSDFWRVSRUURWD

FRPSHTXHQDVDPSOLWXGHVHQ¾RFRPR

WDULDPHQWHSURYRFDGRVSHODH[LVWÅQFLD

¾R GR YHLR 3DUD TXH R DFHOHUÎPHWUR

KDUPÎQLFDV GLVFUHWDV › PHGLGD TXH R

GHIHQÎPHQRVGHGHVHTXLOÈEULRRXGH

GHWHWH HVWHV LPSDFWRV D YLEUD¾R FDX

URODPHQWRVHGHWHULRUDRVLPSDFWRVV¾R

VDOLQKDPHQWR Q¾R UHVROYLGRV DWHPSD

VDGDSRUHVWHVWHPGHDIHWDUQ¾RVÎR

PDLRUHV DXPHQWDQGR D YLEUD¾R SUR

GDPHQWHWHQGRFRPRFRQVHTXÅQFLDD

URODPHQWR FRPR D FKXPDFHLUD TXH R

YRFDGDSRUHVWHVHDDPSOLWXGHGRVLQDO

IDOKD GR URODPHQWR $ WÄFQLFD GH SUR

FRQWÄP FDXVDQGR H[FLWD¾R GDV VXDV

DGTXLULGRQDJDPDGHDOWDIUHTXÅQFLD

FHVVDPHQWRGHVLQDOSRUp(QYHORSHqQ¾R

UHVVRQ½QFLDVHVWUXWXUDLV$WUDQVIRUPD

VHQGR XPD QRYD PHWRGRORJLD GH DYD

GDU¼SLGDGH)RXUULHU )DVW)RXULHU7UDQV

OLD¾RGDFRQGL¾RGHURODPHQWRVGHYH

IRUP))7 GHVWHVLQDOWHQGHDSDUHFHU

7¤&1,&$6$/7(51$7,9$6

VHU FRQVLGHUDGD QD LPSOHPHQWD¾R GH

VHFRPD)LJXUDRQGHDYHORFLGDGHGH

([LVWHP GLYHUVDV WÄFQLFDV DSOLFDGDV QD

TXDOTXHU SURJUDPD GH PRQLWRUL]D¾R

URWD¾RGRYHLRÄFODUDPHQWHLGHQWLƬFD

PRQLWRUL]D¾RGDFRQGL¾RGRURODPHQ

GH FRQGL¾R MXQWDPHQWH FRP RXWUDV

GDFRPRFRUUÅQFLDGHKDUPÎQLFDVDGL

WR FRPR SRU H[HPSOR RYHUDOO DFFHOHUD

WÄFQLFDVFRPSOHPHQWDUHVFRPRDPH

FLRQDLV TXH SRGHU¾R HVWDU DVVRFLDGDV

WLRQ ƬOWHUHG DFFHOHUDWLRQ VSLNH HQHUJ\

WRV6HMDTXDOIRURPRWLYRGHIDOKDGR HTXLSDPHQWRHPHVPRHPFDVRVRQGH

]RQD FRP HOHYDGD HQHUJLD SURYRFDGD SRU XPD FRPELQD¾R GRV LPSDFWRV


*$0$'()5(48¥1&,$,'($/ 3$5$5(&2/+$'(6,1$/ $ )LJXUD  HYLGHQFLD RV GDGRV REWLGRV QRHVSHWURYLEUDFLRQDOFRPXPDJDPD GH IUHTXÅQFLD GH  ǟ  +] GH XP

DOSSIER › Análise e Diagnóstico na Manutenção

J( 

*RRG

 

WR6.)HFRPXPDYHORFLGDGHGH



IXQFLRQDPHQWR GH  USP $V IUH



SRGHP VHU FDOFXODGDV DWUDYÄV GH IÎU PXODV GLUHWDV FDVR VH FRQKHÂD D JHR

6KDIW'LDPHWHU 6SHHG 'LDEHWZHHQ  PPDQG VSHHGUSP

SHDN WR SHDN

HTXLSDPHQWRTXHSRVVXLXPURODPHQ

TXÅQFLDV IXQGDPHQWDLV GR URODPHQWR

60

(QYHORSLQJ 6HYHULW\



'LDEHWZHHQ PP VSHHGEHWZHHQ  USP

'LDEHWZHHQ PP VSHHGLVHLWKHU RUUSP

*RRG

*RRG

6DWLVIDFWRU\ 6DWLVIDFWRU\

8QVDWLVIDFWRU\ DOHUW

6DWLVIDFWRU\ 8QVDWLVIDFWRU\ DOHUW

8QDFFHSWDEOH GDQJHU



8QDFFHSWDEOH GDQJHU

8QVDWLVIDFWRU\ DOHUW

8QDFFHSWDEOH GDQJHU

)LJXUD7DEHODGHDYDOLD¾RGHVHYHULGDGHp(QYHORSHq

PHWULD LQWHUQD GR PHVPR $ PDLRULD GRV IDEULFDQWHV GH URODPHQWRV GLVSR QLELOL]D HVWDV IUHTXÅQFLDV IXQGDPHQ

FRPXQV  R ƬOWUR GH p(QYHORSHq PDLV

WUÅVJUXSRVGHSHQGHQWHVGRGL½PHWUR

WDLVVHQGRTXHPXLWRVGRVSURJUDPDV

XWLOL]DGRÄR(GH+]DN+]$

H GD URWD¾R QR YHLR GR HTXLSDPHQ

GH PRQLWRUL]D¾R M¼ WÅP HVWHV YDORUHV

VHOH¾RGRQÕPHURGHOLQKDVHPÄGLDV

WR 2V QÈYHLV GH YLEUD¾R PHGLGRV HP

SUÄGHƬQLGRVQDVVXDVEDVHVGHGDGRV

D XWLOL]DU DGYÄP GH DOJXPD SU¼WLFD H

J( V¾R FODVVLƬFDGRV TXDOLWDWLYDPHQWH

6XJHUHVH TXH VH PRQLWRUL]H QR PÈQL

H[SHULÅQFLDPDVWLSLFDPHQWHXWLOL]DVH

FRPR %RP 6DWLVIDWÎULR ,QVDWLVIDWÎULR

PR DWÄ » … KDUPÎQLFD GH FDGD XPD

 RX  OLQKDV 1R HQWDQWR RV HV

H,QDFHLW¼YHO(VWDFODVVLƬFD¾RGRVYD

GDVIUHTXÅQFLDVGHGHIHLWR3RUQRUPD

SHWURV SRU p(QYHORSHq SRGHP VHU PDLV

ORUHV GH YLEUD¾R PHGLGD SHUPLWH DRV

DIUHTXÅQFLDGHGHIHLWRQDSLVWDLQWHUQD

FRPSOH[RV FRP R DSDUHFLPHQWR GH

JHVWRUHV GH PDQXWHQ¾R DYDOLDUHP R

GRURODPHQWRVXUJHHQWUHDYH]HV

EDQGDV ODWHUDLV » YHORFLGDGH GH IXQ

HVWDGRGHGHJUDGD¾RGRVHTXLSDPHQ

D YHORFLGDGH GH URWD¾R GR YHLR SHOR

FLRQDPHQWR RX FRP D RFRUUÅQFLD GD

WRV H SURJUDPDUHP D LQWHUYHQ¾R GRV

TXHÄDFRQVHOK¼YHOTXHRVGDGRVVHMDP

IUHTXÅQFLD IXQGDPHQWDO GD JDLROD D

HTXLSDPHQWRV GH IRUPD HƬFLHQWH H

UHFROKLGRV SDUD JDPDV GH IUHTXÅQFLD

VXUJLU SHUWR GDV IUHTXÅQFLDV GR DQHO

HƬFD]

DWÄDYH]HVDYHORFLGDGHGHIXQ

LQWHUQR RX H[WHUQR 0XLWDV YH]HV DV

FLRQDPHQWR

IUHTXÅQFLDVIXQGDPHQWDLVGRURODPHQ WRSRGHPVXUJLUFRPRPÕOWLSODVGDYH

&21&/86ž2

ORFLGDGHGHIXQFLRQDPHQWR(PDPERV

$R ORQJR GR SUHVHQWH DUWLJR IRL DSUH

6(/(¢ž2'2),/752 3$66$Ǖ%$1'$

RVFDVRVÄDFRQVHOK¼YHODXWLOL]D¾RGH

VHQWDGD D WÄFQLFD GH SURFHVVDPHQWR

RXOLQKDVSDUDDXPHQWDUDUH

GH VLQDO DWUDYÄV GD WÄFQLFD p(QYHORSHq

2 PÄWRGR SDUD GHWHUPLQDU R ƬOWUR

VROX¾R GR HVSHWUR GH IUHTXÅQFLD GH

GHƬQLQGR TXDLV RV SDU½PHWURV SDUD

SDVVDEDQGD PDLV DGHTXDGR Ä D H[SH

IRUPD D UHDOL]DU XP GLDJQÎVWLFR PDLV

XPD FRUUHWD UHFROKD GRV GDGRV D DQD

ULPHQWD¾RFRPRURODPHQWRDVHUPR

DVVHUWLYR

OLVDU )RL PRVWUDGR FRPR HVWD WÄFQLFD

QLWRUL]DGR 8P HVSHWUR GH DFHOHUD¾R

SRGH DSRLDU R XWLOL]DGRU QD GHWH¾R

HQWUH  D  N+] GHYH VHU UHFROKLGR

SUHFRFHGDIDOKDGRURODPHQWR2SUR

FRPHVSHFLDODWHQ¾RSDUDDV]RQDVGH

$9$/,$¢ž2'$6(9(5,'$'(

FHVVDPHQWR GH VLQDO p(QYHORSHq WRUQD

DOWDIUHTXÅQFLD $OJXQV HVWXGRV IRUDP

&RP R REMHWLYR GH HVWDEHOHFHU XPD

VH PDLV HƬFD] TXDQGR DSOLFDGR HP

IHLWRVFRPEDVHQDUHDOL]D¾RGHWHVWHV

UHJUD JHUDO SDUD D DYDOLD¾R GD VHYH

FRQMXQWR FRP RXWUDV WÄFQLFDV GH PR

GH UHVVRQ½QFLD HVWUXWXUDO GH IRUPD

ULGDGH D 6.) FULRX XPD WDEHOD SDUD

QLWRUL]D¾RGHFRQGL¾RFRPSOHPHQWD

D DYDOLDU D EDQGD GH p(QYHORSHq D XVDU

DYDOLD¾R GD VHYHULGDGH p(QYHORSHq

UHV$WUDYÄVGHVWHSURFHVVRGHDQ¼OLVH

SDUDDREWHQ¾RGHUHVXOWDGRVÎWLPRV

FRQIRUPHLOXVWUDGRQD)LJXUD1HVWD

FRQVHJXLPRV VDEHU TXDO R HVWDGR GH

1DSU¼WLFD SDUDRVHTXLSDPHQWRVPDLV

RVHTXLSDPHQWRVV¾RFDUDWHUL]DGRVHP

IXQFLRQDPHQWRGRHTXLSDPHQWR

5()(5¥1&,$6 >@ p&RQGLWLRQ0RQLWRULQJRI%HDULQJXVLQJ(6 370q6WHYH0F0DKRQ >@ p0RQLWRULQJ DQG ,QVSHFWLQJ 5ROOLQJ %HDU LQJV LQ 2SHUDWLRQ )$* 'LDJQRVLV ZLWK 6LJ QDO 3URFHVVLQJ DQG )UHTXHQF\ $QDO\VLVq .ODXV&RPHV0DUWLQ7KXUDX >@ p$UHYLHZRI5ROOLQJ(OHPHQW%HDULQJ0RQL WRULQJ7HFKQLTXHVq5+%DQQLVWHU >@ p)RUFLQJ )UHTXHQF\ ,GHQWLƬFDWLRQ RI 5ROO LQJ(OHPHQWV%HDULQJVq5LFKDUG/6FKLOW] >@ p'HWHFWLQJ )DXOW\ 5ROOLQJ (OHPHQW %HDU )LJXUD(VSHWURHP))7(QYHORSHGHXPHTXLSDPHQWRFRPGHIHLWRQRVURODPHQWRVDSOLFDGRV

LQJVq%UXHO .MD M

Processamento de sinal "Envelope" para análise de vibrações de rolamentos em equipamentos dinâmicos  

Autor: SKF Portugal - Rolamentos, Lda; Revista: Manutenção nº120

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you