Page 1

*HQHUDOL]D¾RGRVFRQFHLWRVGH PDQXWLELOLGDGHHGLVSRQLELOLGDGH

M 117

12

ARTIGO CIENTÍFICO

&3(5(,5$&$%5,7$-&$5/260$7,$6)%,*$5(66$1726&$1781(6)(51$1'(6 'HSDUWDPHQWRGH(QJHQKDULD(OHFWURPHF½QLFD)DFXOGDGHGH(QJHQKDULD8QLYHUVLGDGHGD%HLUD,QWHULRU FDEULWD#XELSW

D3DUWHs0DQXWLELOLGDGH

5(6802

$SUHVHQWDVHQHVWDSULPHLUDSDUWHDGHPRQVWUD¾RGDVH[SUHVVÐHV JHQHUDOL]DGDVGDIXQ¾RPDQXWLELOLGDGHHGDPDQXWLELOLGDGHGH XPEHPH[SRQGRVHXPDYLV¾RFUÈWLFDHPUHOD¾R»VXDGHƬQL¾R SUREDELOÈVWLFDXVXDOPHQWHDFHLWHFRPDƬQDOLGDGHGHVHPHOKRUDU HVWDGHƬQL¾R

OLGDGHV GH LQWHUYHQ¾R FRPSOHWD H GH LQWHUYHQ¾RDLQGDQ¾RFRQFOXÈGDVHU¾R GHƬQLGDVDWUDYÄVUHVSHWLYDPHQWHGDV VHJXLQWHVH[SUHVVÐHV 







,1752'8¢ž2

FRPSRQHQWH DSDUHOKR VXEVLVWHPD XQL

'HDFRUGRFRPDQRUPDOL]D¾RSRUWX

GDGHIXQFLRQDOHTXLSDPHQWRRXVLVWHPD

JXHVD H HXURSHLD HP YLJRU >@ GHƬ

TXHSRGHVHUFRQVLGHUDGRLQGLYLGXDOPHQ

'HULYDQGR VHJXLGDPHQWH D H[SUHVV¾R

QHVH PDQXWLELOLGDGH PDLQWDLQDELOLW\

WHq>@

 HPRUGHPDRWHPSRWYLU¼

PDLQWHQDELOLWÄ  FRPR VHQGR D pDSWLG¾R 

GH XP EHP VRE FRQGLÂÐHV GH XWLOL]D¾R GHƬQLGDVSDUDVHUPDQWLGRRXUHVWDXUD GRGHWDOPRGRTXHSRVVDFXPSULUXPD

&21&(,720$7(0œ7,&2'$ 0$187,%,/,'$'(



UHSUHVHQWDQGRI W XPDIXQ¾RGHSUR

&RQVLGHUHPVH 1 EHQV LJXDLV TXH LU¾RVHUVXMHLWRVDLQWHUYHQÂÐHVGHPD

EDELOLGDGH LQVWDQW½QHD GHVLJQDGD QD

¾R Ä UHDOL]DGD HP FRQGLÂÐHV GHƬQLGDV XWLOL]DQGR SURFHGLPHQWRV H UHFXUVRV

QXWHQ¾R GXUDQWH XP GHWHUPLQDGR

GHQVLGDGH GH SUREDELOLGDGHq 1R QRVVR

SUHVFULWRVq $LQGD GH DFRUGR FRP >@

LQWHUYDORGHWHPSR W 1HVWDVFRQGL

FDVRFRQFUHWRI W VHU¼HQW¾RDpIXQ¾R

D pPDQXWLELOLGDGHq SRGH WDPEÄP VHU

ÂÐHVWRGRVHOHVDSUHVHQWDPLJXDOSUR

GHQVLGDGHGHSUREDELOLGDGHGHPDQXWHQ

XWLOL]DGD FRPR XPD PHGLGD GD PDQX

EDELOLGDGH GH VHUHP PDQWLGRV QHVVH

¾Rq RXpGHQVLGDGHGHSUREDELOLGDGHGRV

WLELOLGDGH SRGHQGR DVVLP VHU GHƬQLGD

LQWHUYDORGHWHPSRFXPSULQGRDVFRQ

WHPSRV GH PDQXWHQ¾Rq  WUDGX]LQGR D

GH XPD IRUPD JHQHUDOL]DGD QD QRVVD

GLÂÐHVRSHUDFLRQDLVSUHYLDPHQWHHVSH

SHUFHQWDJHP GH EHQV TXH V¾R PDQWL

RSLQL¾RFRPRDSUREDELOLGDGHGHXPD

FLƬFDGDV $VVLP FDGD XP GHVVHV EHQV

GRV QD XQLGDGH GH WHPSR HP UHOD¾R

LQWHUYHQ¾R GH PDQXWHQ¾R FRUUHWLYD

DSUHVHQWD XPD SUREDELOLGDGH GH VHU

DR QÕPHUR WRWDO GH EHQV TXH DJXDU

SUHYHQWLYD RX PHOKRUDWLYD VREUH XP

PDQWLGR0$ W HXPDSUREDELOLGDGHGH

EHP GXUDU XP GHWHUPLQDGR SHUÈR

Q¾RVHUPDQWLGR10 W DWÄDRLQVWDQ

QRLQVWDQWHWRXQRLQWHUYDORGHWHPSR

GR GH WHPSR 7RGDYLD WHP VLGR XVXDO

WHGHWHPSRWVDOLHQWDQGRVHFRPRÄ

GW 0DQLSXODQGR PDWHPDWLFDPHQWH D

GHƬQLUVHPDWHPDWLFDPHQWHDpPDQXWL

HYLGHQWH TXH D SULPHLUD GDV SUREDEL

H[SUHVV¾R  REWÄPVH

ELOLGDGHqFRPRDpSUREDELOLGDGHGHXPD

OLGDGHV YDL DXPHQWDQGR SURJUHVVLYD

UHSDUD¾RGXUDUDWÄXPGHWHUPLQDGRLQ

PHQWH HQTXDQWR TXH D VHJXQGD YDL

WHUYDOR GH WHPSR 775 s 7LPH 7R 5HSDLU

GLPLQXLQGR VHQGR DVVLP FRPSOHPHQ

7HPSR 'H 5HSDUD¾R q GHƬQL¾R HVWD

WDUHVRXVHMD

IXQ¾R UHTXHULGD TXDQGR D PDQXWHQ

WHRULD GDV SUREDELOLGDGHV SRU pIXQ¾R

GDP LQWHUYHQÂÐHV GH PDQXWHQ¾R 1









TXH Ä EDVWDQWH OLPLWDWLYD QD PHGLGD HPTXHWHPDSHQDVHPOLQKDGHFRQWD





3RU FRQVHJXLQWH D SUREDELOLGDGH GH PDQXWHQ¾R 0$ W  UHSUHVHQWD D pIXQ

DVLQWHUYHQÂÐHVGHPDQXWHQ¾RFRUUH WLYD H Q¾R REHGHFH HP WHUPRV JHUDLV

FRQVWDWDQGRVH TXH » PHGLGD TXH R

¾R GH SUREDELOLGDGH DFXPXODGD GH LQ

» GHƬQL¾R H[SRVWD HP >@ &RPR WDO

WHPSR W YDL DXPHQWDQGR 0$ W  YDL

WHUYHQÂÐHV GH PDQXWHQ¾Rq GHVGH R

SURSÐHVHQHVWHWUDEDOKRDDGR¾RGH

FUHVFHQGR DWÄ DWLQJLU R VHX YDORU P¼

LQVWDQWHW HPTXHVHLQLFLDDPDQX

XPD H[SUHVV¾R JHQHUDOL]DGD SDUD D

[LPRTXHÄLJXDO»XQLGDGHHQTXDQWR

PDQXWLELOLGDGH H[SRQGRVH D VXD GH

TXH10 W YDLGHFUHVFHQGRDWÄDRVHX

QÄULFRW(VWDIXQ¾RUHSUHVHQWDDVVLP

PRQVWUD¾R GHWDOKDGD EDVHDGD SRU

YDORUPÈQLPRLVWRÄ]HUR1RLQVWDQWHW

D pIXQ¾R PDQXWLELOLGDGHq 3RU RXWUR

VXDYH]QDGHPRQVWUD¾RGDH[SUHVV¾R

VHH[LVWLUHP10$ W EHQVM¼LQWHUYHQFLR

ODGRDpIXQ¾RGHQ¾RPDQXWHQ¾RqRX

GDƬDELOLGDGH>@5HFRUGHVHTXHXP pEHPq RXpLWHPq ÄpTXDOTXHUHOHPHQWR

QDGRVH110 W EHQVDLQGDQ¾RVXMHLWRV

WRWDOPHQWH D LQWHUYHQ¾R DV SUREDEL

WHQ¾RGRV1EHQVDWÄDRLQVWDQWHJH

VHMDDSUREDELOLGDGHGHQ¾RVHFRQVH JXLUFRQFOXLUDPDQXWHQ¾RGHXPEHP


¾RWHPVHXPWHPSRGHLPRELOL]D¾R

VHQGRR 0HDQ 5HSDLU 7LPH R YDORU PÄ

QL¾RGHPDQXWLELOLGDGHFRQWXGRFRQ

SRUDYDULDQ¾RQXOR

GLRGRVWHPSRVGHUHSDUD¾R+¼DLQGD

VLGHUDRVWHPSRVGHPDQXWHQ¾RFRPR

TXHWHUHPDWHQ¾RRVHJXLQWH

VHQGRH[FOXVLYDPHQWHGHPDQXWHQ¾R DWLYD Q¾R FRQVLGHUDQGR RV WHPSRV GH

&RPR Ä HYLGHQWH R FRQFHLWR GH PD 770& 775  FRUUHVSRQGH DR LQWHUYDOR

DWUDVRORJÈVWLFRVHDGPLQLVWUDWLYRVFRQ

UHSDU¼YHLV FRP WHPSR GH DYDULD Q¾R

GH WHPSR FRPSUHHQGLGR HQWUH R LQV

WUDULDPHQWH»QRVVDGHPRQVWUD¾R1R

QXORWHQGRVHDVVHJXLQWHVGHƬQLÂÐHV

WDQWH HP TXH R EHP IDOKD H R LQVWDQ

HQWDQWRFUHPRVTXHDPEDVDVRSÂÐHV

DVVRFLDGDV>@

WH HP TXH UHWRPD QRYDPHQWH R VHX

V¾RFRUUHWDV

QXWLELOLGDGH DSOLFDVH VRPHQWH D EHQV

ERP IXQFLRQDPHQWR RX R VHX HVWDGR 5HI0DLQWHQDELOLWÄ0DLQWDLQDELOLW\

GH GLVSRQLELOLGDGH (QJORED VHTXHQ

1¾R FRQVLGHUDU RV DWUDVRV ORJÈVWLFRV H

0DQXWLELOLGDGH3DUDXPGHWHUPLQDGRLWHP

FLDOPHQWH RV WHPSRV SDUFHODUHV GH

DGPLQLVWUDWLYRV FRUUHVSRQGH D HQWHQ

XWLOL]DGRHPFRQGLÂÐHVGHXVRHVSHFLƬFDGDV

DWUDVR ORJÈVWLFR DWUDVR WÄFQLFR DWUDVR

GHUVHGHIRUPDUHVWULWDRFRQFHLWRGH

ÄDSUREDELOLGDGHGHXPDGDGDRSHUD¾R

DGPLQLVWUDWLYR FKDPDGD GRV WÄFQLFRV

PDQXWLELOLGDGH RX VHMD D PDLRU RX

GHPDQXWHQ¾RVHUHIHWXDGDGXUDQWHXP

FRPXQLFD¾R GR DFRQWHFLPHQWR  GH

PHQRU IDFLOLGDGH FRP TXH DV DÂÐHV

LQWHUYDORGHWHPSRGHƬQLGRTXDQGRHVVD

GLDJQÎVWLFR GD DYDULD GH SURFXUD GDV

GH PDQXWHQ¾R DWLYD FRQVHJXHP VHU

PDQXWHQ¾RÄDVVHJXUDGDVREGHWHUPLQDGDV

SHÂDV GH UHVHUYD GH FRUUH¾R GD DYD

UHDOL]DGDV 2X VHMD WHPVH HP FRQWD

FRQGLÂÐHVXWLOL]DQGRSURFHGLPHQWRVH

ULD GR HQVDLR DSÎV D FRUUH¾R H GR

H[FOXVLYDPHQWH RV WHPSRV GLWRV WÄF

UHFXUVRVSUHVFULWRV

DWUDVR ORJÈVWLFR DQWHV GD VXD HQWUDGD

QLFRV  DWUDVR WÄFQLFR GLDJQÎVWLFR GD

5HI7DX[0R\HQGH5ÄSDUDWLRQ

HPERPIXQFLRQDPHQWR

DYDULD SURFXUD GDV SHÂDV GH UHVHUYD

9DORU0ÄGLRGD7D[DGH5HSDUD¾R

770 FRUUHVSRQGH DR LQWHUYDOR GH WHP

SURSULDPHQWH GLWD H HQVDLR DSÎV D LQ

,QVWDQW½QHDQXP,QWHUYDORGH7HPSR WW 

SR FRPSUHHQGLGR HQWUH R LQVWDQWH HP

WHUYHQ¾R

5HI'XUÄH0R\HQQHGH5ÄSDUDWLRQ

TXHREHPÄLPRELOL]DGRHRLQVWDQWHHP

0HDQ5HSDLU7LPH7HPSR0ÄGLRGH

TXHUHWRPDQRYDPHQWHRVHXHVWDGRGH

&RQVLGHUDURVDWUDVRVORJÈVWLFRVHDGPL

5HSDUD¾R(VSHUDQÂD0DWHP¼WLFDGD'XUD¾R

ERP IXQFLRQDPHQWR RX GH GLVSRQLELOL

QLVWUDWLYRVHVW¼GHDFRUGRFRPXPFRQ

GR7HPSRGH5HSDUD¾R057 DEUHYLDWXUD 

GDGH(QJOREDDVDWLYLGDGHVLQHUHQWHV»

FHLWRDPSORGHPDQXWLELOLGDGHHPTXH

5HI'XUÄH0R\HQQGH0DLQWHQDQFH

PDQXWHQ¾R SURSULDPHQWH GLWD DVVLP

VH GHYH WHU HP FRQWD D WRWDOLGDGH GR

&RUUHFWLYH$FWLYH0HDQ$FWLYH&RUUHFWLYH

FRPRRVDWUDVRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRVHORJÈV

WHPSRGHLPRELOL]D¾RGREHPGHVGH

0DLQWHQDQFH7HPSR0ÄGLRGH0DQXWHQ¾R

WLFRVQRLQÈFLRHQRƬQDOGRSHUÈRGR

R LQVWDQWH HP TXH FHVVD IXQÂÐHV SDUD VDVIXQÂÐHV

5HI'XUÄH0R\HQQHGH3DQQH

'H DFRUGR FRP D 1RUPD ,(& 

0HDQ7LPHWR5HVWRUDWLRQ0ÄGLDGRV7HPSRV

>@VHRVWHPSRVGHPDQXWHQ¾RDWLYD

GH5HFXSHUD¾R0775 DEUHYLDWXUD 

REHGHFHP D XPD GLVWULEXL¾R H[SR

(VSHUDQÂDPDWHP¼WLFDGDGXUD¾RGRWHPSR

QHQFLDOQHJDWLYDDIXQ¾RPDQXWHQ¾R

5()(5¥1&,$6%,%/,2*5œ),&$6

GHDYDULD$FRQVHOKDVHDQ¾RXWLOL]D¾RGD

ÄGDGDSHODH[SUHVV¾R

>@ 1RUPD 3RUWXJXHVD 13 (1  p7HUPL QRORJLD GD 0DQXWHQ¾Rq ,QVWLWXWR 3RUWX

GHVLJQD¾R0HDQ7LPHWR5HSDLU





&RPSDUDWLYDPHQWH FRP DV QRVVDV H[ 7RWDO7LPH7R0DLQWHQDQFH 770& 7RWDO

JXÅVGD4XDOLGDGHVHWHPEURGH >@ 5XL$VVLVp$SRLR»'HFLV¾RHP0DQXWHQ¾R

VHQGR $0 D WD[D GH LQWHUYHQÂÐHV GH

PDQXWHQ¾RDWLYDGDGDSRU

7LPH7R&RUUHFWLYH0DLQWHQDQFH H7703

QD*HVW¾RGH$FWLYRV)ÈVLFRVq/LGHO(GLÂÐHV 7ÄFQLFDV/GD/LVERD >@ & &DEULWD p5&0 s 0DQXWHQ¾R &HQWUDGD



7RWDO7LPH7R3ODQQHG0DLQWHQDQFH QD



1RUPD,(&>@SRGHPVHUFRQVL

QD )LDELOLGDGH 7HRULD 0ÄWRGRV ,QGLFDGR UHV GH 'HVHPSHQKR ([HUFÈFLRV 3U¼WLFRVq

GHUDGRV VHPHOKDQWHV UHVSHWLYDPHQWH

UHSUHVHQWDQGR 0$07 R 7HPSR 0ÄGLR

DR7HPSVGH0DLQWHQDQFH0DLQWHQDQFH

GH 0DQXWHQ¾R $FWLYD 0HDQ $FWLYH

7LPH7HPSRGH0DQXWHQ¾R 5HI

0DLQWHQDQFH7LPH $LQGDVHJXQGR>@

  DR 7HPSV GH 0DLQWHQDQFH &RU

DPDQXWLELOLGDGHÄGHƬQLGDFRPR

(GL¾RGR$XWRU8QLYHUVLGDGHGD%HLUD,Q WHULRU&RYLOK¾ >@ & 9DUHOD 3LQWR p2UJDQL]D¾R H *HVW¾R GD 0DQXWHQ¾Rq(GLÂÐHV0RQLWRU/LVERD

UHFWLYH &RUUHFWLYH 0DLQWHQDQFH 7LPH

>@ 1RUPD ,QWHUQDFLRQDO &(, ,(&   

 

7HPSRGH0DQXWHQ¾R&RUUHWLYD 5HI  HDR7HPSV'oHQWUHWLHQ3UH

p9RFDEXODLUH (OHFWURWHFKQLTXH ,QWHUQDWLR QDO &KDSLWUH  6ÖUHWÄ GH IRQFWLRQQH

YHQWLYH 0DLQWHQDQFH 7LPH 7HPSR GH

3RU FRQVHJXLQWH   FRUUHVSRQGH D

PHQW HW TXDOLWÄ GH VHUYLFHq &RPPLVVLRQ

0DQXWHQ¾R 3UHYHQWLYD RX 7HPSR GH

 H  D  1RWHVHTXHID]HQGR

(OHFWURWHFKQLTXH ,QWHUQDWLRQDO *HQHEUD

&RQVHUYD¾R 5HI   3RU RX WUR ODGR R 5HSDLU 7LPH 7HPSR GH 5H SDUD¾R  5HI UHSUHVHQWDD SDUFHODWHPSRUDOGH775RX770&FRU



$0 0 W HW 770REWÄPVH

 

6XÈÂD >@ 1RUPD ,QWHUQDFLRQDO &(, ,(&  p([ SUHVVLRQVPDWKÄPDWLTXHVSRXUOHVWHUPHV GH ƬDELOLWÄ GH GLVSRQLELOLWÄ GH PDLQWHQD

UHVSRQGHQWH »V DWLYLGDGHV HIHWLYDV GH

6HPGÕYLGDTXHD1RUPD,(&JH

ELOLWÄ HW GH ORJLVWLTXH GH PDLQWHQDQFHq

UHSDUD¾R SURSULDPHQWH GLWD GR EHP

QHUDOL]DLJXDOPHQWHRFRQFHLWRHDGHƬ

,GHP,ELGHP,ELGHP M

15

VHULQWHUYHQFLRQDGRDWĻUHWRPDGHV

&RUUHWLYD$WLYD

SUHVVÐHV RV WHPSRV SURSRVWRV 770

ARTIGO CIENTÍFICO

PDQXWHQ¾R FRUUHWLYD RX SODQHDGD

0HDQ5HSDLU5DWH7D[D0ÄGLDGH5HSDUD¾R

Generalização dos conceitos de manutibilidade e disponibilidade: 1.ª parte - manutibilidade  

Autor: C. Pereira Cabrita, J. Carlos Matias, F. Bigares Santos, C. Antunes Fernandes; Revista: Manutenção nº117

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you