Issuu on Google+

2JXLDSDUDDOLJD¾R GHGLVSRVLWLYRVGHDXWRPD¾R DUHGHVLQGXVWULDLV

M

52

(QJ•1XQR'LDV *HVWRUGHSURGXWRQD))RQVHFD6$ )RQWH7KHJXLGHWRFRQQHFWLQJDXWRPDWLRQGHYLFHVWRLQGXVWULDOQHWZRUNV+06 ))RQVHFD6$ 7HO’)D[ ƪRQVHFD#ƪRQVHFDFRP’ZZZƪRQVHFDFRP

DOSSIER › Sistema de controlo na manutenção industrial

121 122

)LJXUD2PXQGRGDVUHGHV

$ GHVYDQWDJHP Ä TXH LU¼ QHFHVVL

HP TXH H[LVWH D SRVVLELOLGDGH GH XVDU

WDUGHPXLWRWHPSRSDUDGHVHQYROYHUR

RPHVPRFKLSSDUDUHGHVGLIHUHQWHV6Î

SURMHWRFRPUHFXUVRVDORFDGRVDSDUWLU

ÄQHFHVV¼ULRUHSURJUDPDURFKLSFRPR

GRVHXFRUSRGHFRPSHWÅQFLDVLQWHUQDV

VRIWZDUH GD UHVSHWLYD UHGH (WKHUQHW H

TXHQ¾RY¾RHVWDUDWUDEDOKDUQDPHOKRU

DVXDP¼TXLQDƬFDSURQWDDFRPXQLFDU

P¼TXLQD GH WRGRV RV WHPSRV  'HYHU¼

FRPHVVDUHGH

DLQGD DFRPSDQKDU DV HYROXÂÐHV GH WR

8P FKLS Ä XPD ERD VROX¾R SDUD

GDVDVUHGHVHVHPSUHTXHUHFHEHUXPD

TXHPIDEULFDXPDVÄULHHOHYDGDGHSUR

VROLFLWD¾R SDUD XPD QRYD UHGH GHYHU¼

GXWRV H TXHU PLQLPL]DU RV FXVWRV SRLV

FRPHÂDUHVWHSURFHVVRQRYDPHQWH

FRQVHJXHHVFROKHUH[DWDPHQWHTXDLVRV

6H QHFHVVLWDU DSHQDV GH VH OLJDU

FRPSRQHQWHV TXH SUHFLVD SDUD FRORFDU

9DPRV DVVXPLU TXH FRQVWUÎL D PHOKRU

D XPD UHGH LQGXVWULDO HVWD SRGHU¼ VHU

HP UHGRU GR FKLS 1R HQWDQWR UHTXHU

P¼TXLQD GH DXWRPD¾R LQGXVWULDO DWÄ

XPDRS¾RYL¼YHOPDVDVVLPTXHFRPH

WUDEDOKRGHHQJHQKDULDHGHVLJQGHSUR

KRMH IDEULFDGD 2 PHUFDGR GH DXWRPD

ÂDUHP D DSDUHFHU QRYRV SHGLGRV SDUD

MHWR QD IDVH LQLFLDO FRP D QHFHVVLGDGH

¾R ƬFD LQWHUHVVDGR QD VXD QRYD LQYHQ

UHGHVGLIHUHQWHVDPDLRULDGDVHPSUH

GH XVDU UHFXUVRV FRP FRQKHFLPHQWR

¾RHUHFHEHSHGLGRVGHVVDP¼TXLQDGH

VDVDFKDPTXHHVWDRS¾RH[LJHPXLWR

GH FRPXQLFDÂÐHV HP UHGHV SDUD R GH

I¼EULFDVGHWRGRVRVFDQWRVGRPXQGRf

WHPSR H UHFXUVRV ( PDLV LPSRUWDQWH

VHQYROYLPHQWRGHWRGDVDVFRQFHÂÐHVH

3RUWXJDO6XÄFLD-DS¾R$OHPDQKD&KLQD

HVWDRS¾RUHWLUDUHFXUVRVGRVHXFRUSR

KDUGZDUHSDUDOLJD¾RDRFKLS

%UDVLO SDUD FLWDU DSHQDV DOJXQV  2 SUR

GHFRPSHWÅQFLDV

EOHPD Ä TXH WRGDV HVWDV I¼EULFDV XVDP

5HVXPLQGRFRQVWUXLUXPGLVSRVLWL

GLIHUHQWHV FRQWURODGRUHV H GLIHUHQWHV

YRGHUDL]G¼XPFRQWURORWRWDOGDVROX

UHGHVLQGXVWULDLVHDVXDP¼TXLQDWHU¼GH

¾RPDVH[LJHPXLWRVUHFXUVRVHWHPSR

5HVXPLQGR D VROX¾R FRP FKLS Ä PDLVƮH[ÈYHOPDVH[LJHPXLWRVUHFXUVRV QDIDVHGHSURMHWR

FRPXQLFDUFRPWRGDVHVWDVUHGHV&RPR ÄTXHSRGHFRQVHJXLUXPDFRQHWLYLGDGH PXOWLUHGHGHXPDIRUPDTXHVHMDDGDS W¼YHODRVHXSUÎSULRVLVWHPD" $TXL HVW¼ XP JXLD SDUD DV FLQFRV

3(5621$/,=$5$62/8¢ž2 $3$57,5'(80&+,3'( &2081,&$¢ž2

,1&25325$580$3/$&$ ,17(*5$'$-œ35217$ 8PD SODFD LQWHJUDGD Ä EDVLFDPHQWH XPDVROX¾RGHFRPXQLFD¾RFRPSOHWD

SULQFLSDLVIRUPDVGHOLJD¾RGHGLVSRVL

8P FKLS GH FRPXQLFD¾R Ä FRPSRVWR

FRPWRGRRKDUGZDUHHVRIWZDUHLQFOXÈ

WLYRVRXP¼TXLQDVDUHGHVLQGXVWULDLVf

SRU XP SURFHVVDGRU GH UHGH HP TXH

GRHPTXHVÎÄQHFHVV¼ULRDGLFLRQDUFR

&LQFR IRUPDV GH VH OLJDU D XPD

Ä GHVFDUUHJDGR R UHVSHWLYR SURFHVVR

QHWRUHV GH OLJD¾R SUÎSULRV (VWD VROX

GH WDUHIDV GH FRPXQLFD¾R DOÄP GH

¾RÄPXLWDVYH]HVSUHIHUÈYHOVHH[LVWHP

WRGDV DV DSOLFDÂÐHV QHFHVV¼ULDV » OLJD

UHVWULÂÐHVPHF½QLFDVRXFODVVHVGH,3D

¾R GDV Y¼ULDV UHGHV LQGXVWULDLV &RP

FRQVLGHUDUYLVWRTXHSRGHVHULQFRUSR

&216758,52',6326,7,92'( /,*$¢ž2'(5$,=

XPD VROX¾R EDVHDGD HP FKLS H[LVWH

UDGDGHXPDIRUPDPXLWRƮH[ÈYHO

D QHFHVVLGDGH GH VH SURMHWDU WRGR R

7DOFRPRQDVROX¾RGRFKLSHVWDM¼

(VWD Ä D HVFROKD VH TXLVHUPRV WHU R

KDUGZDUH HP UHGRU GR FKLS 'R SRQWR

YHP FRP WRGRV RV VRIWZDUHV QHFHVV¼

FRQWURORWRWDOGDVROX¾R7HU¼TXHVHU

GHYLVWDGRVRIWZDUHWHU¼XPDVROX¾R

ULRVSDUDDOLJD¾RHQWUHDVXDP¼TXLQD

UHGH3UÎVHFRQWUDV

H[HFXWDGRWRGRRGHVLJQGRKDUGZDUH

FRPSOHWDHPTXHQ¾RH[LVWHDQHFHVVL

HDVY¼ULDVUHGHV'HSRLVGHGHVHQKDGD

FRQVWUX¾R H DVVHPEODJHP GH WRGDV

GDGHGHVHSUHRFXSDUFRPDWXDOL]DÂÐHV

DVROX¾RSDUDWHUDUHGHTXHSUHWHQGH

DV SHÂDV QHFHVV¼ULDV 7HU¼ TXH GHVHQ

QHP PDQXWHQ¾R GHSRLV GH HVFROKLGR

EDVWD WURFDU D SODFD LQWHJUDGD SDUD DO

YROYHUWRGRRVRIWZDUHQHFHVV¼ULRTXH

HLQVWDODGRRFKLS(PJHUDORVPHOKR

WHUDUDUHGHRXID]HUGRZQORDGGRUHV

SHUPLWDDFRPXQLFD¾RHQWUHRVHXVLV

UHV IRUQHFHGRUHV GH FKLSV IRUQHFHP

SHWLYRVRIWZDUH QRFDVRGD(WKHUQHW 

WHPDHDUHGH6HRSWDUSRUHVWDVROX

DWXDOL]DÂÐHV GH VRIWZDUH VHPSUH TXH

$OJXPDV GHVWDV SODFDV M¼ V¾R SUÄ

¾RGHYHU¼DGTXLULUHFRQVWUXLUFRQKH

DVUHGHVV¾RUHGHƬQLGDVRXQRYDVIXQ

FHUWLƬFDGDVSDUDDVY¼ULDVUHGHVUHGX

FLPHQWR GDV UHGHV GHƬQLGDV QRV VHX

FLRQDOLGDGHV HVWLYHUHP GLVSRQÈYHLV

]LQGRDVVLPRVFXVWRVGDFHUWLƬFD¾R

HTXLSDPHQWRV EHP FRPR GDV UHGHV

3RU H[HPSOR SDUD UHGHV GH (WKHUQHW

1RHQWDQWRHVWDVROX¾RUHTXHUDO

LQGXVWULDLVRQGHYDLWHUGHVHOLJDU

LQGXVWULDLV H[LVWHP VROXÂÐHV GH FKLS

JXPWUDEDOKRGHHQJHQKDULDGHSURMH


LQWHUQDPHQWH 0DV DVVLP TXH QHFHVVL WDUGHVHOLJDUDGXDVRXPDLVUHGHVD

*DWHZD\V

PDLRULDGRVIDEULFDQWHVGHGLVSRVLWLYRV

0ÎGXOR FRPXQLFD¾R

&KLS

3ODFD LQWHJUDGD

'HVHQYROYLPHQWR LQWHUQR

RX P¼TXLQDV SHUFHEH D FRPSOH[LGDGH &RQWUROR

GHVVD WDUHID RV FXVWRV GH GHVHQYRO YLPHQWR H  D QHFHVVLGDGH GH UHFXUVRV

)LJXUD&RQWURORVREUHDVROX¾RGHFRQHWLYLGDGH

WR HOHYDGRV 7RGR R GHVHQYROYLPHQ WR WHP GH FRPHÂDU GR ]HUR XP QRYR VRIWZDUHHKDUGZDUHHXPQRYRSURMHWR

&21752/2

VXSRUWHHHPTXHVHMDSRVVLYHOHIHWXDU

GH GHVHQYROYLPHQWR HVW¼ HP FDXVD

2XWURDVSHFWRDFRQVLGHUDUÄDFDSDFL

DWXDOL]DÂÐHV

0XLWDV HPSUHVDV M¼ SHUFHEHUDP TXH

GDGH GH FRQWUROR TXH VH TXHU VREUH D

TXDQGR D FRQHWLYLGDGH PXOWLUHGH Ä

VROX¾R 6H SURMHWDU D VXD SUÎSULD VR

QHFHVV¼ULD XPD VROX¾R GH FRPXQLFD

OX¾R PD[LPL]D R FRQWUROR H Q¾R WHP

6(*85$1¢$

¾RUHDG\PDGHSRGHUHGX]LURVFXVWRV

GH FRQƬDU HP IRUQHFHGRUHV H[WHUQRV

$ VHJXUDQÂD HVW¼ D WRUQDUVH FDGD YH]

GHGHVHQYROYLPHQWRDWÄ

PDVLVVRDXPHQWDRVFXVWRVHRVUHFXU

PDLV LPSRUWDQWH GHVGH TXH DV I¼EULFDV

VRVH[LJLGRV»VXDHTXLSDGHGHVHQYRO

VHWRUQDUDPPDLVHPDLVOLJDGDV»,QWHU

YLPHQWR

QHW,QHYLWDYHOPHQWHDEUHPVHDVSRUWDV

&867269(56867(032

DDWDTXHVFLEHUQÄWLFRV3DUDXPDSURWH

$QWHV GH HVFROKHU XPD VROX¾R GH FR

¾R FRQWUD HVWH WLSR GH DWDTXHV Ä QH

SDUDGLIHUHQWHVUHGHVHDGLFLRQDOPHQ

9(/2&,'$'('( 75$16)(5¥1&,$'('$'26 (175($0œ48,1$($5('( ,1'8675,$/

WH TXDQWR GLQKHLUR VH HVW¼ GLVSRVWR D

$OJXQV GLVSRVLWLYRV LQGXVWULDLV QHFHV

JDVWDU QXPD VROX¾R ƬQDO 6H VH HVFR

VLWDPDSHQDVGHFRPDQGRVGHLQÈFLRH

OKHU PDLV GHVHQYROYLPHQWR LQWHUQR

ƬPDSDUWLUGDUHGHQ¾RVHQGRGHSHQ

SRGHPUHGX]LUVHRVFXVWRVGHFRPSUD

GHQWHV GD U¼SLGD WUDQVIHUÅQFLD GH GD

(17ž248$/¤$0(/+25 62/8¢ž2"

PDVLU¼WHUFRQVLGHU¼YHLVUHFXUVRVDOR

GRV HQWUH D P¼TXLQD H D UHGH 2XWURV

&RPRVHSRGHYHUH[LVWHPY¼ULRVWLSRV

FDGRVDR'HSDUWDPHQWRGH'HVHQYROYL

GLVSRVLWLYRV QR HQWDQWR FRPR XQLGD

GH VROXÂÐHV SRU RQGH HVFROKHU H PXL

PHQWR HLVVRVLJQLƬFDFXVWRVLQWHUQRV 

GHV VLQFURQL]DGDV H P¼TXLQDV GH PR

WRVDVSHWRVDFRQVLGHUDUQDHVFROKDGH

$R DQDOL]DUVH RV FXVWRV YHUVXV WHP

YLPHQWRH[LJHPXPDWUDQVIHUÅQFLDGH

XPD VROX¾R GH FRPXQLFD¾R $ HVFR

SR QDV FLQFR VROXÂÐHV DQWHULRUPHQWH

GDGRV TXDVH LQVWDQW½QHD FRP R PÈQL

OKD GHVVD VROX¾R GHSHQGH GDV VXDV

GHVFULWDV Q¾R K¼ XPD TXH VHMD U¼SLGD

PRGHDWUDVRSRVVÈYHO([LVWHPKRMHVR

QHFHVVLGDGHV GH ƮH[LELOLGDGH YHORFL

H EDUDWD DR PHVPR WHPSR 'HYH VHU

OXÂÐHV GH FRPXQLFD¾R TXH RIHUHFHP

GDGH GH FRPXQLFD¾R H FODUR TXDQWR

FRQVLGHUDGRRFXVWRQDFRPSUDGHXPD

PXLWR EDL[D ODWÅQFLD HQWUH D UHGH H D

WHPSR UHFXUVRV H HVIRUÂR YDL TXHU LQ

VROX¾RM¼GHVHQYROYLGDHGRWHPSRQH

P¼TXLQDDTXHHVW¾ROLJDGDV$OJXPDV

YHVWLU$OÄPGLVVRDVVXDVQHFHVVLGDGHV

FHVV¼ULR DR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH XPD

VROXÂÐHV KLJKHQG RIHUHFHP WUDQVIH

SRGHPPXGDU»PHGLGDTXHRPHUFDGR

VROX¾RGHUDL]

UÅQFLDGHGDGRVGHDWÄE\WHVHP

HYROXL RX QRYDV WHFQRORJLDV VXUJHP

FDGDVHQWLGRHXPDODWÅQFLDDWÄPV

DVVLP HVWDU¼ VHPSUH HP YDQWDJHP

PXQLFD¾R Ä QHFHVV¼ULR FRQVLGHUDU TXDQWRWHPSRVHTXHUGHGLFDUSDUDGH VHQYROYHUXPVLVWHPDGHFRPXQLFD¾R

FHVV¼ULD XPD VROX¾R GH FRPXQLFD¾R FRP IXQFLRQDOLGDGHV GH ƬUHZDOO FRPR DVVLQDWXUDV GH VRIWZDUH LPSHGLQGR DV OLJDÂÐHVQ¾RDXWRUL]DGDV»P¼TXLQD

TXDQGRWHPXPDVROX¾RTXHÄƮH[ÈYHO HIDFLOPHQWHDWXDOL]DGD

'HVHQYROYLPHQWR ,QWHUQR



&XVWRV

54

DOSSIER › Sistema de controlo na manutenção industrial

LQWHUQRV TXH QHVWHV FDVRV V¾R PXL

*DWHZD\V

683257($5(&85626 (63(&¨),&26'$5('(

FROKHSRGHWHUFHUWH]DTXHRVHXLQYHV

$V UHGHV LQGXVWULDLV YDULDP PXLWR HP

WLPHQWRYDLYDOHUDSHQD$FRQHWLYLGDGH

FRPSOH[LGDGH H GHVHPSHQKR GHVGH

HP UHGHV LQGXVWULDLV Ä FDGD YH] PDLV

VLVWHPDVGH,2VGHVLVWHPDVGHDFLR

LPSRUWDQWH H R PXQGR GD DXWRPD¾R

QDPHQWRVDWĻVUHGHV(WKHUQHWLQGXV

WRUQDVHFDGDYH]PDLVLQWHUOLJDGR M

1¾RLPSRUWDTXDODVROX¾RTXHHV

WULDLV DYDQÂDGDV )XQFLRQDOLGDGHV GDV UHGHV FRPR SHUƬV GH DFLRQDPHQWRV SHUƬVGHHQHUJLDVHJXUDQÂDPRWLRQH

0ÎGXORFRPXQLFD¾R 3ODFDLQWHJUDGD &KLS

UHOÎJLR GH VLQFURQL]D¾R HVW¾R FRQV WDQWHPHQWHDVHUGHVHQYROYLGRVHDWX DOL]DGRV SHODV RUJDQL]DÂÐHV GRV VWDQ GDUGVGDVUHVSHWLYDVUHGHV6HH[LVWLUD

7HPSR )LJXUD&XVWRVYHUVXV7HPSR

QHFHVVLGDGH GH VH FXPSULU FRP HVVHV UHFXUVRVQDDSOLFD¾RÄQHFHVV¼ULRWHU

)LJXUD&KLS3ODFD0ÎGXORH*DWHZD\

XPD VROX¾R GH FRPXQLFD¾R TXH RV

H[HPSORVGD+06,QGXVWULDO1HWZRUNV 


O guia para a ligação de dispositivos de automação a redes industriais