Mirror Mirror Volume XV Issue III March 14, 2019
Dearest reader, At any given moment, we are surrounded by reflections of ourselves. Of course, mirrors, cameras and every reflective tool present a physical image of ourselves. But they—quite literally—only scratch the surface. We are also reflected in the work we dedicate ourselves to, in the social media image we curate, and even in the way we perceive ourselves in our mind’s eye. Be it a looking glass or not, our reflections are ever-present. These are the reflections of the soul: our passions, interests and desires. In this issue, you’ll find plenty of these types of reflections. Reflections of Carmel, as you’ll see in the local glass art story; reflections of our society, as you’ll see in the beauty standards story; reflections of ourselves, as you’ll see in the narcicissm story. This is our take on “mirror, mirror,” and we invite you to join us as we go through the looking glass. - Alanna Wu, editor-in-chief
Richa Louis Lin-Lin Mo Isabella White Hannah Gretz Livvie Hurley Kris Otten Heidi Peng Avery Thorpe Emily Carlisle Pranav Jothirajah Misha Rekhter Karen Zhang
PHOTOGRAPHERS: Selena Liu Veronica Teeter Angela Li Uday Lomada Sarah Kim Kassandra Darnell Ayman Bolad Maddie Kosc
DESIGN TEAM: Carson TerBush Marvin Fan Ashwin Prasad Lillian He Rhea Acharya Leslie Huang Tessa Collinson Bowen Zhou Gray Martens Michelle Lu Angela Qian Sam Shi
GRAPHICS ARTISTS: Da-Hyun Hong Laasya Mamidipalli Olivia Childress Jackie Hur
Alanna Wu | firstname.lastname@example.org
Amy Tian | email@example.com Tara Kandallu | firstname.lastname@example.org
MIRROR MIRROR | 03
Local Glass Art
Mainstream Beauty 08 Mirrors in Retail
Embracing the Reflection 16 Beauty Through the Ages
The Science of Reflection
Confidence or Narcissism? 22 03.14
Real Fairy Tale Endings
DESIGN BY ALANNA WU
in this issue
TAHLIA FREEDMAN // SUBMITTED PHOTO
VERONICA TEETER // PHOTO
MIRROR MIRROR | 05
SARAH KIM // PHOTO
DESIGN BY MARVIN FAN AND ASHWIN PRASAD
Q&A with Lisa Pelo and Fran Carrico
How do you create your art? I mainly create with molten glass as a furnace worker, doing blown and solid forming. However, I also create pieces by slumping/ fusing, a flat “warm” glass technique. Coldworking
comes into play also. That is how I am one of the few glass studios here in Indiana that is full-functioning. In the last 10 years or so, I have incorporated and combined metal work in with my larger
scale installation work. It has taken all of these years to continue adding additional pieces of equipment and tools to my studio. That allows me to expand my creative abilities in glass.
How does your art reflect your personal styles and taste? I like light. I like transparent color with light coming through it from as many directions as possible. So I work mainly with transparent color. People in this region do know my style and general technique that I have developed for a number of years. My work is very identifiable. There are some styles and skill sets that I
have created in this region that are “mine,” and if you see it out there by someone else, they are copying my years of work creating Lisa Pelo Art Glass. My color applications incorporated into my stylized forms, then added to my larger-scale pieces and installations clearly are bright, bold statements. My artwork has
WORDS | LIN-LIN MO PHOTOS | VERONICA TEETER
an educated and intentional elegance and flow in graceful, organic motion. Light and color are asked to travel through each and every piece I create and then on to the larger themed installation. I want nothing but the viewer to experience that “inspiration.” I create to inspire, both to me and to anyone observing.
Local glass artist Lisa Pelo cools molten glass. “Here I am: an artist, creator, metal sculptor, owner, instructor and entrepreneur of an art studio,” she said.
Local glass artist Fran Carrico bends a rod of glass to create her artwork. “I use glass rods and wrap them around a coated stainless steel mandrel using an oxygen-propane torch,” she said.
How do you use art to make a living? do production work and sell wholesale. I built a mobile hot shop on a trailer and get hired into venues around the state and a few into other states to do demonstrations and handson sessions. I make quite a range of glass art to send to retail and to galleries and gift shops receiving commission payments. I participate in small venue invite-only sales events to promote my business and make sales. I handle all aspects of my business. Yes, I create my art glass when I can, but I am a scheduler, bookkeeper, marketer, repair person, teacher/instructor, etc., etc. As I am the face of my business, I need to be many things at once. It is challenging and fun, and stressful and inspirational and I have to answer to no one but myself and my clients and students. And when I need to be behind a desk, I mostly hate it but (it) is a necessary evil. Unfortunately, it has to be done.
Local glass artist Lisa Pelo shapes molten glass in a furnace. After the furnace, glass is blown and formed, Pelo said. A glass dragonfly made by Fran Carrico. Carrico taught chemistry for 32 years; she said glass art is her second career.
It’s tough. My days are very long. I am a sole-proprietor. I do hire several assistants on a regular basis. They are also skilled glassblowers, instructors, metal workers that also have the drive and thirst to work with glass and share our skill and knowledge with the public. I do in these instances have these glass artists help me make a living. I “share” my studio with them in exchange for their assistance. Now to how I actually make a living being a glass artist. I multi-task. I do not have a husband or partner to help with the bills when sales are slow. Nor do I have a business partner with deep pockets when the economy slows or is worried. So I diversify to bring in money. My business model does bring in funds from my “art glass” and commission work. Then I teach classes, hands-on sessions and private lessons. I rent my studio to other working glass artists. I
MIRROR MIRROR | 07
How do you create your art? I use glass rods and wrap them around a coated stainless steel mandrel (a small cylindrical rod) using an oxygen-propane torch. The glass is manipulated by gravity and tools into beads and small glass sculpture. I use soda-lime or soft glass in my creations.
As mainstream media promotes certain qualities as “beautiful,” students, staff weigh in on truth behind beauty standards, effect on society WORDS | ISABELLA WHITE PHOTO | ANGELA LI
MIRROR MIRROR | 09 28
DESIGN BY RHEA ACHARYA, LILLIAN HE AND LESLIE HUANG
Tahlia Freedman, makeup artist and sophomore, poses for a photo on a balcony in Paris. She said, “Makeup is a way I can play with (bright colors) and be able to do exactly what I want.”
ong legs, blonde hair, perfect skin, flat stomach—these physical attributes lie among a sea of others which the world uses to define beauty. Stemming from a history of cinema, magazines and social media depictions of the word, beauty has become a source of anxiety, insecurity and confusion. For Marie Pelletiere, model for MP Factor in Chicago and junior, beauty is a term which is reflected dishonestly in social media. “I think (the portrayal of beauty in social media) is super unrealistic,” she said. “You scroll through Instagram seeing all these beautiful girls, and you wonder how you can get like that, but you don’t realize that that’s not reality. They either have had surgery or other circumstances that normal people don’t have. It makes sense that famous people are skinny because they have a personal trainer or a person to track their food, and normal people don’t have that.” CHTV adviser Eric Marty applied this idea to the commercial industry as well. “I don’t think people realize how much editing goes into commercials and into the photographs that end up in magazines. It’s not even so much about body image, but, I know, while I’ve never been a fashion photographer, that a lot of the editing is done to make the clothes or whatever the product is look better,” he said. “It might be something as simple as shading their skin tone, but that sort of has an unintended consequence where people are like, ‘Oh, I should try to be more pale or I should try to be more tan, because that’s what’s considered pretty.’” Both Marty and Pelletiere agree that mainstream media seems to promote the common standards of beauty, whether
SUBMITTED PHOTO | TAHLIA FREEDMAN
intentionally or unintentionally. However, according to Tahlia Freedman, self-taught makeup artist and sophomore, these standards are not as prevalent within the makeup and beauty community, which she said she sees as inclusive. “I think most people (in the beauty community) are body positive and skin positive,” she said. “I think it’s actually more model media where qualities like being skinny and having perfect skin are promoted, but I think in beauty and in drag and in fashion, everyone sees it as a good thing to not have the ideal body.”
Beauty Through the Ages Renaissance
Renaissance society tied beauty to virtue. Blonde curls and a high forehead was considered attractive
18th Century 18th century society and court life in Europe placed an emphasis on pale skin and tall, powdered wigs
In the United States, bobbed hair and a slim silhouette became popular
Moreover, according to Freedman, while it is common to view makeup as a somewhat dishonest or vain activity to enjoy, it is much more honest than one would think. “I think a lot of people see makeup in the media as kind of a bad thing because they think girls are doing it to just look pretty,” she said. “I think most people who do makeup don’t necessarily do it daily, and most ‘beauty gurus’ that I’ve seen haven’t hidden what they look like without makeup; they aren’t ashamed of it. They do makeup because they love makeup, not because they hate how they look.” While these motivations can be true, Pelletiere discussed how these portrayals of beauty are still detrimental to young girls. “(The beauty standard) is why I think a lot of girls have anxiety or are super insecure; they are seeing all these beautiful girls with beautiful lives and it’s really just not real, but it’s hard seeing that because you think, ‘Oh my gosh, I want to be just like that girl,’” she said. Marty reiterated this idea. “For women, there’s (a product) to fix every little thing that could be perceived as a flaw, even though it’s normal,” he said. Despite this opinion on beauty products, Freedman said she has seen progressive development in the beauty community to a new way of viewing makeup. “When I was younger, when I saw makeup, all I wanted was the perfect winged eyeliner and amazingly big eyelashes, but now it is becoming more diverse, especially with men getting into makeup. It has become more about art and less about beauty,” she said. Overall, as society has progressed over time, people have begun to embrace a
new, more accepting standard of beauty, according to Pelletiere. “I think, before, there was a cookie-cut figure and if you weren’t like that, you weren’t beautiful, but over time, people have become a lot more accepting of certain body types and certain skin conditions. People now find beauty in that, which is really awesome,” she said. A
Here are some of the ways that people make their Instagram posts receive more likes SUBMITTED PHOTO | TAHLIA FREEDMAN
Photo Bright or unique colors for hair and clothes are more likely to catch people’s attention and get the picture more likes Large numbers of likes can give gratification to social media users and also prompt others to like the post
A blurred background puts the focus on the subject of the image Having a face in the image makes it more interesting
A blurred foreground also puts the focus on the subject of the image Liked by chsacumen and 814 others
SOURCE // 2060DIGITAL.COM GRAPHIC // RHEA ACHARYA, LILLIAN HE, LESLIE HUANG
MIRROR MIRROR | 11 GRAPHIC // GRAY MARTENS, AVERY THORPE SOURCES // THEFASHIONSPOT.COM, LITTLETHINGS.COM
The emergence of Hollywood and film stars caused beauty standards to be centered around the famous actors of the day, such as Marilyn Monroe
Present day society defines beauty in large part through social media and is centered a lot around famous celebrities
WORDS | HANNAH GRETZ PHOTO | UDAY LOMADA
Staff member Hannah Gretz reveals mirror tricks retailers use to alter shoppers’ perceptions of their bodies
ooking bigger, smaller or tanner are just some of the many ways dressing rooms can alter the physical appearance of shoppers. Whether it be a bigger bust, smaller waist or darker skin tone, retail locations often use a series of lighting and positioning techniques to emphasize or deemphasize personal traits. Many shoppers, including myself, have faced the event of returning from a shopping trip with bags of new goodies only to experience the “this looked different in the dressing room” feeling. I can’t recall how many times I have stared at myself in the dressing room mirror thinking, “Wow, I look thinner than I thought I would!” while modeling a pair of pants or a top. Appearing thinner, however, is not the only manipulative game these retailers play. People everywhere have faced negative feelings regarding their appearance due to the shape of the glass and positioning and intensity of the dressing room lights. According to a BuzzFeed experiment conducted in 20 different dressing rooms, if you notice that your skin appears to glow or look smoother while trying on clothing items, it is likely due to the fact that the store has positioned the lights vertically on either side of the mirror to
03.14 make shoppers look more attractive via strategically placed lighting. Additionally, harsh overhead lights can make one look heavier, although in reality they are not. Retailers use the placing and intensity of lights, such as LEDs, to portray shoppers differently, including making them look sick or ghostly with incorrect lighting techniques. If you ever notice that your skin looks tanner and more fresh, chances are the
Learn more about a few of the tricks stores use to make you buy more
GETTING A FEEL 2009 research proves costumers who get to touch products will pay more than shoppers who don’t Putting your hands on something gives you a greater sense of ownership over it
SCAVENGER HUNT Store layouts that are confusing and maze-like may be more frustrating, but can also lead you to buy more This is known as the “Gruen Transfer” At a certain point, you stop actively seeking an item and start “just shopping” SOURCES // HUFFINGTONPOST.COM, MENTALFLOSS.COM
SKINNY MIRRORS Slight curvature towards the shopper can elongate their figure, making them look thinner Modified mirrors can boost a store’s customer sales by
Customers are .0v0s 0 likely to 9 7 9 more . buy an item 8 $ 6 they want if $ the price is a rounded number
When buying an item they need, non-rounded numbers are more persuasive
SETTING THE MOOD A 2005 study showed when popular, slow-tempo music is played, impulsive shoppers tend to spend an average of
GRAPHIC // DA-HYUN HONG
MIRROR MIRROR | 13 lighting has a “rosy glow” that makes you appear this way. In fact, shoppers tend to spend 19 percent more on their purchase when they feel confident in a dressing room. In terms of mirror angles, retailers and manufacturers can simply alter the curvature of the mirror to make someone appear as many as two sizes smaller than their realistic size. Some stores even allow shoppers to adjust the mirror, manipulating them into changing personal perception of their size.
Tilting a dressing room mirror alters our perception of our bodies, all while trying on some of our favorite clothing pieces. While these tricks can both flatter and hurt shoppers, understanding our own bodies and perceptions of beauty is what matters the most. Each store dressing room we enter may contain mirror or lighting tricks, but maintaining a positive and realistic body image of our own can create a barrier against these manipulative games. A
WORDS | LIVVIE HURLEY PHOTOS | TARA KANDALLU
CHS students, twins embrace similarities, differences
dentical twins and sophomores Jacob and Eli Kurlander look alike, speak alike and are even involved in the same activities. Eli explained their specific differences in appearance as subtle differences in their faces and hair. “I guess our hair is different, and our faces are sort of different, but I guess it’s pretty much the same otherwise,” he said. Although both Eli and Jacob said they acknowledge being twins can sometimes be taxing, they agree for the most part in embracing their similarities. Jacob said, “I mean, we try not to wear the same outfit and stuff, but otherwise we just go with the flow.” Jacob and Eli both said they recognize that there are negative and positive features to being twins. Eli said it’s helpful to have someone in the same grade to ask questions to if they need help in school. The twins find it particularly helpful because they take
PHOTOS AND WORDS | TARA KANDALLU
How do others tell you apart? Chelsea: For most people that are just getting to know us, we just tell them who is taller. I tend to not wear glasses and she tends to wear glasses. For people who know us, they typically can tell us apart by our voices and our personalities.
What is a negative about being twins? Kendal: People tend to categorize us as one unit. Chelsea: Yeah, usually we get referred to as one person, which is kind of weird because we are not one person. Kendal: Obviously there are some differences (between us), and sometimes people don’t notice that difference. Chelsea: People just assume that you are exactly the same or that you have the hobbies. 03.14
Juniors and identical twins Kendal (Left) and Chelsea (Right) Tinsley
some of the same classes. Eli said, “We have some of the same classes, so we can help each other with homework and class
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information, and I guess it’s just sort of nice to have someone to talk to.” Eli also said being an identical twins can be a struggle when they are around people they don’t know. “I guess it’s sort of been awkward because we always get confused for each other, and that’s sort of annoying. People will come up to us and (say) ‘Oh is that your twin?’ and (when) we’re in the hall, someone’s like ‘Hi, Jacob’ and it’s not Jacob, so that’s awkward,” he said. Jacob agreed that it’s not always fun having a twin, but at the same time, likes having a sibling his age. “(People don’t understand) that it’s not always fun (to be twins).” he said. Jacob and Eli said they embrace their similarities by being involved in the same sports and activities. Although there are periods where they do their own thing, Jacob said they mostly are in the same sports together. Jacob said, “We’ve
PHOTOS | RICHA LOUIS
SPEAK UP! WORDS | TARA KANDALLU What would you do or say with a twin if you had one? I actually do have a twin. We like to finish each other’s sentences or wear the same thing just to be funny. Senior Eva Brungard
If I had a twin and I was in trying to sneak out of the house or was in a certain class I wanted to get out of, I would have that twin go in and be me. Junior Robert Fry
I would reorganize my room. I would build a bed and (my twin and I) could have bunk beds and be roommates. Sophomore Jack Huntington MIRROR MIRROR | 15
pretty much grown up doing the same stuff. We would have a little period of where we would each do different stuff, but now we kind of pretty much do the same activities. We both play tennis and then we played soccer.” A
BY T ARA
My sisters are twins. I think that seeing them grow up is really cool because they have a built in best friend. If I had a twin I would like to be best friends. Sophomore Kelly Fleckenstein
Twins, sophomore Jacob Kurlander (Left) and sophomore Eli Kurlander (Right) said they often get confused for each other.
WORDS | HEIDI PENG PHOTOS | KASSANDRA DARNELL, HEIDI PENG
Despite surface imperfections, students should learn to accept themselves internally
he mirror first became my enemy in second grade. After a failed attempt to drink Gatorade, I found myself with a heinous bruise on my upper lip the day before picture day. The second time was in fifth grade when I had an eye infection that bore a stunning resemblance to pink eye. But those were just fleeting moments of shame, as I was able to wake up the next day without a scratch or blemish on my face. Soon, however, every day became a struggle as I looked at myself in the mirror with never-ending scrutinizing eyes. I got my first pimple in sixth grade. It was small, red and right in the center of my forehead. I remember not knowing what to do and hoping that the next day it would just magically disappear. To my annoyance, the following day only brought another small, red bump. At the start, I found my acne quite manageable. With a proper sleep schedule, diet and skincare routine, my acne seemed to be under control. I was able to tame the “wild beast” that was my pre-pubescent skin. But it all took a turn for the worse the very
Comedones are hair follicles clogged with oil and dead skin cells hea d
Common Causes While facemapping is an imprecise method, it helps predict the cause of acne based on its location
1. 2. 3.
next year; I suddenly found myself unable to calm the breakouts and wash away the whiteheads. I felt hideous. My skin was pink and bumpy, and every time I touched my face, I felt helpless to reverse my fate. Nevertheless, the physical scars were nothing compared to the mental ones. “Wow that’s a lot of acne.” “Why do you have so many mosquito bites on your face?” “You’re growing up so much! Look at all that acne!” “It helps if you just
Clogged pores close to the surface of the skin prevent hair follicles from opening
Clogged pores open at the surface of the skin, and are black due to irregular reflection of light, not because of dirt
1. Forehead: stress, sugary/fatty diet, residue from hair products or hats 2. In between brows: poor diet, allergies or ingrown eyebrow hairs 3. Ears: dehydration, drinking too much caffeine or soda
4. Cheeks: dirty makeup brushes, smoking or other respiratory problems 5. Nose area: meatheavy/spicy diet, comedogenic makeup or heart problems 6. Mouth area: high stress or hormonal imbalance 7. Chin/jawbones: hormonal imbalance, lack of sleep, stress or poor diet
DESIGN BY AMY TIAN
wash your face and sleep more.” “I highly encourage you to take medicine because a pretty girl like you doesn’t want to have acne forever.” “Have you ever tried putting on makeup?” This slew of comments followed me everywhere. I felt ashamed of my face, of the acne that seemed to define me. The mirror was shattered. I soon realized that I wasn’t just hit with typical acne. I had genetic, cystic acne. Thus, the hundreds of dollars worth of skincare products couldn’t keep the beasts
Left: Heidi Peng, HiLite managing editor and senior, uses or have used these products to combat her acne. Right: Since taking Accutane, Peng has greatly reduced her acne. However, she encourages everyone to accept their own reflections.
Treatment Options Mild Acne Less than 20 whiteheads/ blackheads
Moderate Acne 20-100 whiteheads/ blackheads
Severe Acne More than 100 whiteheads/blackheads
GRAPHICS // CARSON TERBUSH SOURCES // TEEN VOGUE, WEBMD
at bay. But in the winter of my junior year, I was fed up with the comments, the inflammation and the shame. I scheduled my first dermatology appointment and started taking Accutane. For lack of a better term, it was the wonder pill of acne. But this pill did not come without significant side effects—rashes, nose bleeds, chapped Use noncomedogenic lips, dry skin—and drawbacks—monthly makeup products pregnancy tests, comprehension quizzes and blood tests. Nevertheless, the results Use facewash that were worth it. contains salicylic After six months, it was finally time acid to come off of the medication, and while Over-the-counter my skin may not be flawless or in any antibiotics like way perfect, it’s much more bearable than tetracycline can help with acne
MIRROR MIRROR | 17 Birth control may prevent acne by regulating hormonal imbalances
before. With only the minor pimple here and there, I could finally feel a little more comfortable in my skin. However, the moral of my story isn’t Dermatologists “medication fixes everything.” If I’m being may prescribe steroid injections honest, what Accutane really taught me for severe cysts was that I should learn to embrace and smile at my reflection, pimples and all. Prescription medications like Acne was one of the most challenging Accutane can obstacles I’ve ever had to deal with. Even prevent acne long so, it’s one that I’ve learned to overcome. term when taken To this day, I’m working on piecing back over time together my inner mirror and coming to A accept the face that smiles back.
Take a look at the evolution of beauty trends through the decades
GRAPHIC // HEIDI PENG SOURCE // MARIECLAIRE.COM
Along with gray and white eyeshadows, false eyelashes were one of the main trends. Pale pink and red lipsticks were also popular during this time. Matte skin continued to dominate the foundation industry.
During the 1950s, matte skin was the norm. Along with this, many wore red lipstick, bold cat-eyes and beauty marks modeled after the one of the most famous beauty icons of the time, Marilyn Monroe.
During the 1980s, pale and heavy foundation highlighted colors used on the rest of the face. Popular blushes were in bright pink or plum, and popular eyeshadows were in similar colors. Lips in either fuchsia or dark colors were popular.
Styles changed during this time as minimal makeup became more popular. Liberal amounts of bronzer were used to achieve a â€œhealthy glow.â€? Natural eyebrows and shimmer shadows were popular.
The 1990s The 1990s marked another change in the beauty industry. Lips were overlined in darker colors, while lipsticks were light. Also, thin eyebrows and glittery eyeshadow were used to achieve looks inspired by Kate Moss.
The 2000s are classically considered the age of the internet, with popular icons being Kate Winslet, Natalie Portman and Scarlett Johansson. Many trends continued from the previous decade, with the only notable change being nude lips.
The 2010s have seen a variety of trends, but the most popular trends revolve around internet stars like the Kardashians. Some popular trends are bold eyebrows, natural smokey eyes and matte nude lips.
MERCURY-LACED CREAMS A “fair” or light complexion was highly sought after among women; thus, mercury became a common ingredient in skin lightening creams. Mercury can cause nerve damage, rashes and even death.
Poisonous extracts from Atropa belladonna (Deadly Nightshade) were historically used by women to dilate their pupils to look more seductive, as well as by assassins to kill their targets.
B Y TA R A KAN DAL LU
SEWN-ON EYELASHES During the late 1800s, painful eyelash extension procedures, in which hairs were sewn onto the eyelids with a needle, became a common and dangerous beauty trend.
RADIOACTIVE COSMETICS Once discovered in 1898, radiation became a popular component of cosmetics. Multiple cosmetic brands began marketing beauty products that claimed to revitalize skin with its luminous energy.
MIRROR MIRROR | 19
ARSENIC COMPLEXION WAFERS
Throughout the Victorian Era, small amounts of arsenic in the form of edible wafers were thought to both be safe and help one achieve that coveted “pale” complexion.
In the late-1800s, advertisements came out that urged people to swallow “sanitized tapeworms” to offset weight gain from eating food. Even today, some people invest in tapeworm pills.
KILLER GRAPHIC // HEIDI PENG SOURCE // THISISINSIDER.COM
Take a look at a these historically dangerous beauty trends
MIRRORS & All reflections work based off of the Law of Reflection, which determines how light bounces off of various surfaces to create a reflection.
DID YOU KNOW?
Mirrors are made using glass pre-coated with tin (1), then coated with silver and lastly covered with copper for damage protection. Afterwards they are covered with two layers of paint which creates a protective outer coat.
Most light is reflected through diffuse reflection. In this process, light hits an uneven surface, like a cloud, and bounces off in many directions.
Since mirrors have a smooth surface, they reflect light without disturbing the image. This is called specular reflection.
1 2 3
TYPES OF MIRRORS Convex mirrors reflect at a wider angle on their edges, making images in their center appear smaller.
Flat mirrors produce virtual images, which our eyes believe come out of the mirror as a straight line.
Concave mirrors bounce light to a specific area, making images seem upside-down from far away.
Acoustic mirrors are the precursors to satellites. They are meant to distribute sound instead of light.
Non-reversing mirrors are two mirrors perpendicular to each other, creating a view from â€œinsideâ€? a mirror.
Two-way mirrors work by using a thin sheet of metal that allows light to pass through a dark room.
DESIGN BY TESSA COLLINSON AND BOWEN ZHOU
CAMERAS Take a look at how mirrors work, how they are used in cameras PHOTOS AND GRAPHICS | TESSA COLLINSON, BOWEN ZHOU
1 2 3 4
Light enters through the camera lens, passing through multiple glass lenses that focus the image.
When you take a photo, the shutter moves the mirror so the light shines directly on a sensor that captures the image.
The light is reflected off a reflex mirror vertically onto a pentaprism. The mirror is placed at a 45 degree angle inside the camera chamber.
The pentaprism is used to reflect the image at a right angle without reversing it. A pentaprism has five sides to reflect a beam of light.
The light reaches the viewfinder, creating the image preview. The viewfinder creates an image that mirrors the final image.
2 5 MIRROR MIRROR | 21
Not all cameras use a mirror. Mirrorless Cameras are a type of camera that do not use a reflex mirror; instead, the light sensor is always exposed to light, allowing you to get a preview of your photo before you actually take it on the rear LCD screen or through an electrical viewfinder.
The removal of the mirror box has largely allowed for mirrorless cameras to become much lighter, allowing for tighter and more compact storage.
SOURCES // HOWSTUFFOWORKS.COM, PHOTOGRAPHYLIFE.COM, MASHABLE.COM, PHOTOGRPAHYCONCENTRATTE.COM, ITSJUSTLIGHT.COM
Beyond the Myth
WORDS | EMILY CARLISLE, AVERY THORPE PHOTOS | TARA KANDALLU
Students, community members evaluate their experiences with narcissism, what it means for their lives
he Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) as “a personality disorder characterized especially by an exaggerated sense of self-importance, persistent need for admiration, lack of empathy for others, excessive pride in achievements and snobbish, disdainful or patronizing attitudes.” For most students, that definition is just a collection of words with no larger meaning, but for sophomore Cassidy Phillips, this was a big part of her life for a while and something that still continues to appear every now and then. Phillips is
very close with someone with NPD and says it has greatly affected her life. Phillips said that growing up around someone with NPD can go one of two ways, either with them forcing their ideals on you or with them putting blame on you for everything. Phillips ended up with the latter. Phillips said, “(Growing up around) someone with Narcissistic Personality Disorder, there’s two sides I could have gotten. The side I did get was him blaming me for downfalls or situations that weren’t my fault, things I had no control over. And he doesn’t do it out loud, but
A CLOSER LOOK AT NARCISSISM
Take a look at Millon’s five subtypes of narcissism NARCISSISM A pathological self-absorption that is a mask for a fragile self-esteem. The term originally came from the greek tale of a man names Narcissus who fell in love with his own reflection
#1 Unprincipled Narcissist A narcissist who cares little for societal rules, but usually stays just within them
#2 Amorous Narcissist A narcissist who wants affection and attention, but not for a personal human need. They are also usually obsessed with their own appearance
IB Psychology teacher Peter O’Hara talks to students about an in-class assignment. O’Hara said that one of the main problems of a narcissist is that they are too focused on themselves.
mentally comparing me to my mom and blaming me for dysfunction happening in our family. (The other sides I could have gotten would be) him putting his narcissistic tendencies on me and basically living vicariously through me.” According to the Mayo Clinic, both sides that Phillips described are
symptoms of NPD. More symptoms include intense envy, belittling those they feel are below them, becoming angry when they do not receive special treatment and taking advantage of others to get what they feel they deserve. Olivia Roop, IB psychology student and junior, said that sometimes
MIRROR MIRROR | 23 GRAPHIC // TARA KANDALLU
#3 Compensatory Narcissist A narcissist who wants to show they are at a better social standing compared to others. Their goals are completely made to elevate their ego, and are thus extremely superficial. Most of their actions are also exaggerated or completely fake
#4 Elitist Narcissist This subtype is very similar to the compensatory narcissist, except for the fact that the elitist narcissist believes that any accomplishment or talent they have is truly better than everyone else’s talents and achievements. This can often lead to isolation among their peers
SOURCE // PSYCHOLOGYTODAY.COM, CAREERSINPSYCHOLOGY.ORG
#5 Normal Narcissist A narcissist who does not have any of the traits of the other types of narcissists. This type is the hardest to spot and also the most similar to nonnarcissist personalities
IB psychology teacher Peter O’Hara writes instructions on the board before class. O’Hara said for most people, narcissism and self-confidence can be very hard to distinguish from each other.
self-confidence can be mistaken for narcissism, but the difference is in the way the person acts. “You can still feel good about the things you do, but when you act like you’re better than everyone else and
superior to other people, that is a sign of narcissism,” Roop said. According to Roop, there are multiple parts of someone’s ego that contribute to if they have narcissism. “(Ego consists of the) id, superego and ego. Someone’s id is how they act when they aren’t focused on themselves and have low self-confidence, their superego is when they are cocky and narcissistic, and ego is the balance between someone’s id and superego.” IB psychology teacher Peter O’Hara agrees that there is a balance between confidence and narcissism. “They have this inflated ego and a need for admiration. They lack empathy towards others because they are so concerned about others admiring them. They are concerned about their own needs,” O’Hara said. According to the Mayo Clinic’s website, “When you have healthy selfesteem it means you have a balanced, accurate view of yourself. For instance, you have a good opinion of your abilities but recognize your flaws. When selfesteem is healthy and grounded in reality, it’s hard to have too much of it. Boasting and feeling superior to others around you isn’t a sign of too much self-esteem. It’s more likely evidence of insecurity and low self-esteem.” With an increase of the usage of social media platforms, the word narcissism is being thrown out more and more. Although much of what people call narcissism is
SELF-CONFIDENCE Narcissism OR Peaks in adolescents and young adults large NARCISSISM Results because constant amounts of
Compare narcissism and self-confidence SOURCE // PSYCHOLOGYTODAY.COM GRAPHIC // TARA KANDALLU
Constantly needs praise and affirmation of superiority
Confidence Steadily increases throughout life Result of warm, affectionate parenting
See themselves as worthy, but not superior to others
DESIGN BY TARA KANDALLU
Sophomore Cassidy Phillips talks with friend and sophomore, Olivia Polley, during SRT. Phillips said that she has such vivid experiences with narcissism because someone in her family was diagnosed with the disease.
actually confidence, Jennifer Doerr, counselor and owner of a clinic called Healing with Jen, said narcissistic tendencies have actually increased with use of social media. She said that narcissistic tendencies are due to insecurity and low self-esteem and the evidence can be found on social
O’Hara believes that the line between narcissism and confidence can be tough to distinguish sometimes. “Many people are supremely confident but narcissism isn’t so much confidence, it’s the fact that they don’t care about you. They care about themselves. It’s hard to measure where it goes from being
MIRROR MIRROR | 25 media. “Everybody’s on their social media, everybody’s invested in how they look, how they’re appearing, it is very compatible with narcissism. But the work that I’ve done, I found that it’s really more that anything like this is used as a coping method to avoid reality. Whether it’s games, or social media, or drugs, alcohol, food, working too much. It’s all a way to avoid whatever social pains that you endure in life,” Doerr said.
confident to being narcissistic” O’Hara said. Phillips agrees with this statement and said, “In my opinion, confidence is when you’re sure enough of yourself that you don’t actually have to push it on other people. And narcissism is when you can only look at yourself, and it’s not actually all wow, I’m amazing. It’s like, wow, look how much better I am than you. I believe truly believe narcissism comes out of insecurity.” A
MIRROR MASTERY MIRROR MASTERY PHOTOS | MADDIE KOSC
Performing arts groups use mirrors to practice for performances
Ambassador and Senior Laney McNamar spends time after school on perfecting choreography for one of her competition performances.
WORDS | PRANAV JOTHIRAJAH
CHS’s Symphony Orchestra splits into small, student-lead groups in order to rehearse in front of a mirror after school.
ith the many different musical and dance groups within CHS, it is no surprise that most groups practice in similar fashions. Groups like band and orchestra may practice under a single director, or they may even practice in smaller groups of their section. However, for groups like Ambassadors and New Edition, which are different sections in choir, practice must be treated differently since there are two aspects to the programs themselves; the dance and the singing. These aspects are developed and synchronized through the use of mirrors. According to Samuel “Sam” Chenoweth, an associate director of choir, the mirrors are used when students are first getting introduced to pieces. “In both of the rooms, there are full length mirrors on the walls in front of the rooms. We use them a lot more in beginning, when we are learning stuff. Like when we have choreographers in, they can face the mirror instead of having to face the kids and then the kids can see them from the front and from the back,” he said.
Delaney “Laney” McNamar, dance captain in Ambassadors and senior, said using the mirrors is a simple way to master their performances. “(Using mirrors) is really effective, especially when it comes to dance because you can see yourself in regards to other people when you are doing the moves the
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Ambassador and senior Laney McNamar rehearses dance moves to accompany an Ambassadors performance after school on Wednesday, Feb. 13. McNamar said practicing in front of the mirror helps her fine tune her facial expressions, hand gestures, and pacing. same as everyone around you and everything looks together and clean. It also really helps give us a visual cue for ourselves so you can if you are doing the moves right and it helps with memory with the steps,” McNamar said. However as time goes on and the choir groups get closer to their final product, the mirrors become a crutch that students will lean onto while practicing. “As we move throughout the process and once we got a week away from the
“Usually me and the other dance captain go to the front and the girls’ dance captains go to the back, and we watch them and help the people behind us. The (students) will also be able to see themselves in the mirror which gets us more eyes to critique and improve ourselves,” he said. According to Chenoweth, the use of this tool is one of the most important for groups to get ready for their performances. MIRROR MIRROR | 27
first competition, we close the mirrors so that (students) can’t use them as a crutch anymore. They are a good learning tool, but then at a certain point they become hurtful,” Chenoweth said. Avery Tellez, dance captain within New Edition and junior, said using the mirrors to practice is vital for the group’s success.
“Pretty much all the choir groups throughout Indiana use mirrors to practice but for (Ambassadors and New Edition), (practice mirrors) are relied on at the beginning and as the process continues we use them less and less because we start to master the pieces,” Chenoweth said. A
PROTECTING Indiana Legislators should enact regulations preventing the surveillance of dressing rooms WORDS | MISHA REKHTER PHOTO | KASSI DARNELL DESIGN BY ANGELA QIAN, MICHELLE LU
n the United States, only 13 states have laws preventing dressing room surveillance. Indiana is not one of those states. When I discovered this, I was perplexed—dressing room surveillance is a clear invasion of privacy. The idea of being monitored through cameras or two-way mirrors at clothing stores is uncomfortable. The whole concept behind dressing rooms is for people to have privacy; placing cameras in these rooms defeats their purpose. With the knowledge that I could be filmed in any dressing room, my personal experience is now tinged with a distasteful fear. However, according to legal advisers at legalbeagle.com, stores only utilize these surveillance methods in order to discourage shrinkage: the loss of merchandise through theft or damage. This is a legitimate concern as shrinkage accounted for nearly $100 billion
The Video Voyeurism Prevention Act conveys that anyone who intends to “capture an image of a private area of an individual without their consent, and knowingly does so under circumstances in which the individual has a reasonable expectation of privacy, shall be fined or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.” It is in place to protect shoppers from voyeurism and invasions of privacy such as video surveillance. Regardless, it remains disconcerting that stores retain the ability to videotape dressing rooms in Indiana. While their justification may be reasonable, stores should not have the authority to place surveillance cameras in changing rooms. It is an invasion of privacy, and citizens should not be subject to such monitoring. If preventing shrinkage is the main concern, then cameras outside dressing rooms or stronger security
in worldwide retail loss in 2017, according to the Tyco Retail Solutions’ Sensormatic Global Shrink Index. Additionally, there are strict regulations on the type of surveillance that can be conducted, as surveillance is illegal for any and all purposes other than prevention of theft.
measures would be adequate. Following the lead of the 13 states who have already passed legislation preventing this sort of surveillance, Indiana should follow suit and preserve the privacy of its citizens. Nobody should have to A fear dressing rooms.
PRIVACY REFLECTION DECEPTION
Take a look at how two-way mirrors, a common form of surveillance in dressing rooms, work and how to identify them THE BASICS For two-way mirrors to work, one side must be brighter than the other. The light reflects off of the glass in the brighter side and goes through from the dark side like a window
WALL Two-way mirrors are set into the wall while regular ones hang from it
LAYER 2: METAL A few thin sheets of metal is placed within the other layers to mimic the reflective properties of a real mirror
LIGHT About half of the light shone at the mirror will bounce back, allowing only the person in the brighter room to see their reflection
MIRROR, MIRROR | 29 OUTSIDE ELEMENTS Cameras often interfere with phone receptionâ€” check cellular service for sudden changes LAYER 1: GLASS Any surface on the mirror not coated with a special, reflective coating will allow light to pass through GRAPHIC // MICHELLE LU SOURCE // INDIANAPUBLICMEDIA.COM
o p n U e a c n O classic fairy Many classic Many fairy ttales al sinister oorigins have sinister riginess have WORDS | KAREN ZHANG GRAPHICS | OLIVIA CHILDRESS, JACKIE HUR, HEIDI PENG, SAM SHI, CARSON TERBUSH, ALANNA WU
n the Disney version of “Snow White,” the Evil Queen dies by falling off of a cliff after trying to kill Snow White with a poison apple. However, in the original story, the Queen attempts to kill Snow White not once, but three separate times. After the Prince dislodges the poisoned apple from her throat, Snow White and the Prince get married. They invite the Queen to their wedding where she is eventually forced to put on hot iron shoes and dance until she dies.
ven though we watched Ariel turn into a human complete with legs and get happily married to Prince Eric, the Hans Christian Andersen version of “The Little Mermaid” has a different ending. Similar to Disney’s version, the mermaid in Andersen’s version makes a deal at the cost of her voice to see the
prince; however, the plot changes when the sea witch tells the mermaid she will die if she can’t get the prince to marry her. Furthermore, every single step the mermaid takes with her new legs caused her excruciating amounts of pain. Toward the end, she has to choose whether to be a mermaid again if she kills the prince; she instead commits suicide.
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OR.COM .COM, T THEORY , DISNEY SS.COM NTALFLO OM, ME EWEEK.C ES // TH SOURC
lthough most modern-day stories end with Rapunzel escaping the evil witch for a happily ever after with her prince, the Brothers Grimm ending is not nearly as quick. In the original version of the tale, Rapunzel becomes pregnant out of wedlock with the prince’s baby. The witch quickly realizes this and sends her to the desert to give birth to the baby alone. The prince, so anguished by the loss of his lover, tries to commit suicide by jumping off of the tower—only to end up in the thorn bushes at the bottom, blinded but still alive. Only after years do the two reunite in the desert, and happily ever after comes in the form of Rapunzel’s tears restoring the prince’s sight.
he Disney version has Cinderella’s feet fit perfectly into the glass slippers, while her stepsisters’ do not. Cinderella and the Prince then get married and live happily ever after. However, in the Brothers Grimm version, Cinderella’s stepsisters cut off part of their feet in order to fit into a golden slipper. When their trickery is revealed, the birds that follow Cinderella around peck the stepsisters’ eyes out.
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n Barrie’s original draft of “Peter Pan,” he depicts Pan as a villain who kidnaps children from their beds.When the children become too old, he “thins them out.”Another interpretation is that Pan is “The Angel of Death” who holds children’s hands when they are on their way to Neverland (or rather, heaven).
â€œLife is a mirror and will reflect back to the thinker what he thinks into it.â€? Ernest Holmes