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VOLUME XVII ISSUE II Dec. 6, 2019

CALL DUTY

OF


REPORTERS

PHOTOGRAPHERS

GRAPHICS ARTISTS

Thea Bertolini Andrew Caito Emily Carlisle Valliei Chandrakumar Hannah Gretz Viyang Hao Daniel Kim Marissa Ryan Leah Tan Karen Zhang Sarah Zheng

Nicholas Beckman Clare Dierckman Lily McAndrews Olivia McKee Ray Mo Veronica Teeter Kimmi Vasil

Robbie Ge Nathan Huang Jackie Hur Gray Martens Chloe Sun Riley TerBush

PHOTO || VERONICA TEETER FRONT & BACK PHOTOS || NICK BECKMAN


Dearest Reader, We all have our loyalties; it’s part of what makes each of us different. Whether the cause of such loyalties is something we’ve had from birth or from choice, they affect our beliefs, motivations and actions. They form the basis for who we are as a person and all culminate into our own call of duty. We often think a “call of duty” represents a service to one’s country—a conscription to the military. This is what we’ve tried to reflect in our cover: how the ultimate sacrifice one can make for his or her country is one of the most socially impactful duties. Yet often times, duties are not necessarily on the scale of life or death. In truth, we each have our own. Right now, you may not know what your call of duty is. In this issue, we’ve tried to explore that idea for different people through many lenses: professionals who felt called to teaching, students who feel a responsibility to work in their family businesses or even Disney princesses and their commitments. Hopefully, these stories shed a light on what duties you might know of and can help you better find your own call. Maybe one day, you will know your call of duty too. —Anushka Dasgupta & Tara Kandallu, Editors-in-Chief carmelacumen.org | @chsacumen

ASSOCIATE EDITORS:

Olivia Childress || ochildress@hilite.org Richa Louis || rlouis@hilite.org Isabella White || iwhite@hilite.org

EDITORS IN CHIEF:

Anushka Dasgupta || adasgupta@hilite.org Tara Kandallu || tkandallu@hilite.org

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Check out more content at carmelacumen.org!

Online

IN THIS

ISSUE

26

08

10


Call of Duty: The Game Running off True Courage

A Family Affair

6 8

10

Double Duty

14

Called to Leadership

16

A Duty to Serve Serving our Society Powerful Heroine

Doggy Duty Spreading Joy to Others

18 22 24

26 28

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CALL OF DUTY

Take a look at the fundamentals of the popular game

FRANCHISE HISTORY

GRAPHIC || GRAY MARTENS, RILEY TERBUSH

2003

2008

2009

CALL OF DUTY

WORLD AT WAR

MODERN WARFARE 2

The first game in the Call of Duty franchise, set the player into a larger conflict in the middle of WWII

2014 ADVANCED WARFARE Brought the Call of Duty franchise to the near future with a variety of futuristic new gadgets and weapons

2016 INFINITE WARFARE Went farther into the future than Advanced Warfare, with jump packs, laser rifles, and more

Focused on World War 2, introduced the Zombies mode to the Call of Duty franchise

Expanded Call of Duty’s multiplayer offerings with a variety of other improvements and expansions

2012

2011

BLACK OPS 2

MODERN WARFARE 3

2017

2019

WWII

MODERN WARFARE

The first title in the series to split the single player campaign into two different time periods

Introduced a new killstreaks system in multiplayer and added survival mode

Return of the franchise to a World War 2 setting, focused on “boots on the ground” combat

The newest game in the franchise, introduced the new 64-player Ground War mode

35

GAME MODES

SALES 30 total copies 250 million sold as of 2016

25

20 15

Single-player

4-64 players

AI enemies

Game modes vary

Story and characters

Fight with and against other players

ZOMBIES 1-4 players

Co-op with other players Wave defense against AI

5 30

million units

CAMPAIGN MULTIPLAYER

10 35

Call of Duty Sales over Time

0 25

20 15 10

SOURCES | | ACTIVISION, STATISTA, METACRITIC, IGN, PROGAMEGUIDES

5 ‘03

‘05

‘07

‘09

‘11

‘13

‘15

‘17

201

201

201

201

201

201

201

201

201

200

200

200

200

200

200


CUSTOMIZATION SOLDIER UNIFORM

Players can pick out unique uniforms that make them stand out on the battlefield

GEAR

Players can select what gear their soldiers bring into battle depending on how they want to play

GUN CAMOUFLAGE Cosmetic skins

OPTIC Includes red dot pointer, reflex function

MUZZLE Options include silencers, flash guards and a long barrel

WEAPON

Players can pick the weapons that the bring to the match depending on their playstyle PERKS are weapon enhancements, such as better bullet penetration, stuns, etc.

STICKERS

FOREGRIP Increases recoil control

REAR GRIP Increases stability

STOCK Acts as stabilizer increasing precision

POPULARITY Sales (millions of units)

30.7

Critic Reviews (Metacritic score)

MODERN WARFARE 3

88%

30.4

BLACK OPS

87%

29.6

BLACK OPS 2

83%

28.8

GHOSTS

73%

26.7

BLACK OPS 3

73%

25.0

MODERN WARFARE 2

94%

21.8

ADVANCED WARFARE

78%

19.8

WWII

79%

17.3

MODERN WARFARE (2019)

91%

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 07


Running Off True

Courage

WORDS || VALLIEI CHANDRAKUMAR PHOTO || CLARE DIERCKMAN

Students weigh possible benefits, learning experiences from Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC)

F

or junior Lindsey Thole, creating an impact on society means joining the Air Force Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) after high school. ROTC is a college-elective-styled program offered at many American universities that aids students in gaining the technical and leadership skills needed to be commissioned as an officer in the Army, Marine Corps, Navy or Air Force. The courses offered cover various components such as physicality, leadership, military science, strategy, communications and data management. While all who graduate from the program are named Second Lieutenants of the Army, they must serve full-time active duty or part-time reserve duty. Students can join the ROTC while pursuing another field of study for their civilian career. In addition to providing health care and vacation time, the Army will pay in-state tuition, living fees, allowance and book fees for public schools after service. “(Being in the Army) is something that I don’t think of myself as being in. A lot of people are surprised when I tell them,” Thole said. “I know that after I go, I’ll be really proud that I did it. It’ll give me a sense of confidence that I was able to put myself through that and help my country. It’ll push me out of my comfort zone and I’ll gain a lot from personal development.” Ralph Vargas, recruiting operations officer (ROO) of Indiana University Army ROTC, said the program serves as a starting base of calculated technique progression to ensure all students are fully equipped with life-long skills such as fostering motivation, teamwork and passion. He said the program will guarantee students leave with the confidence to pursue any career they see themselves succeeding in. “Students at IU ROTC learn tactical decisionmaking practices and problem solving from a class which covers it all: Basic Leadership Course A,” he said. “From our program, you can go to another school to learn how to fly helicopters or how to become a military intelligence officer

or finance accounting officer or an Army doctor or Army nurse.” Similar to Thole, junior Caroline West said the many learning and growth freedoms encouraged in a nontraditional setting drew her to learn more about the program. West, whose father served in the Army, said the lifestyle she grew around was very engaging with many opportunities to express patriotism in different ways. “I think that growing up, living in a different country and living on a base really had a lot of influence,” she said. “Seeing the patriotism we had for our country and seeing that sense of pride that we had as Americans in a different country really impacted me.” Both Thole and West said the ROTC program will equip them with the skills to oversee challenges in today’s world, whether they are personal or workrelated, by using real world examples of modern situations in the learning curriculum. “I think I’ll obviously gain more pride for my country, but I also think that the experience will make me more humble as a person, more of a teammate,” West said. However, both said while the program seems easily attainable and valuable with its numerous benefits, students must be ready to present their best selves, for the Army upholds rigorous standards on physical fitness, time management, academic control and responsible alcohol use. “If you’re thinking about going (to the program), start preparing for it now. It’s not something that you can just decide to do. You have to go through a process beforehand,” Thole said. “You have to plan to go; you can’t just go on a whim.” West said, “When you graduate, you’re going to be an officer and you’re going to have to start leading other people. I think that if you want to do it, it has to be a decision you want to make for you,” West said. “You have to have that deep feeling and deep pride for your country. Still, you’re going for a rigorous routine and I think that there’s no greater benefit than feeling like you’re serving your country,” West said.


Junior Lindsey Thole runs on a treadmill. Thole typically begins workouts with a walk and then a one or two mile run. She said running helps improve her endurance.

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A

FAMILY AFFAIR

CHS students discuss obligations of family businesses

WORDS || DANIEL KIM

F

PHOTOS || KIMMI VASIL

or some students at CHS, work and family overlap into what most call family businesses. Family businesses are common throughout many households around the United States. However, sometimes the children of business owners take on more tasks and responsibilities. For Avery McQuillan, stepdaughter of the Greek’s pizzeria owner and junior, this is the case. According to McQuillan, she has worked at Greek’s Pizzeria many times, but she said she feels she is put up to higher standards and more responsible for what happens because her stepfather owns the restaurant.

“I do get special treatment just because it is my (stepfather) that owns (the restaurant),” McQuillan said, “but he’s also harder on me just because I should know how to do everything, I should know how to make a pizza. It’s good and bad just because there’s the high expectations that I want to work up to.” Greg Abes, Greek’s Pizzeria owner and McQuillan’s stepfather, said he could see the truth to McQuillan’s claims. “The negative is that since they are my children I hold them with higher expectations than I would for some of the other kids that work for me,” Abes said.


Junior Avery McQuillan talks to her co-worker, junior Molly Wright. They often work side by side, which generally consists of one making food and the other managing the cash register.

However, despite the higher expectations, McQuillan said she still feels encouraged to work there, especially when she hears about the behind the scenes hardships and struggles. “(The hardships) encourage me to work harder just because I feel I set an example especially for the servers just because I’ve done that (job) the longest,” McQuillan said. “I’ve done that for two and a half years, so I feel like it’s kind of my responsibility to do the best that I can so (my colleagues) can see how they should be working.” Like McQuillan, Zachary “Zach” Guo, son of the Number One China Buffet owners and freshman, said he also feels added pressure at his workplace. “If a customer is unhappy, I sometimes feel I’m responsible for making them dissatisfied,” Guo said. Guo also said he is held to higher expectations and standards when he works at the restaurant. “I feel like (my parents) have higher standards because (I’m their child),” Guo said.

When Guo encounters hardships, he said he could handle them. “Some of (the hardships) might encourage me because I’m good with them,” Guo said. Guo’s parents, however, said they use the hardships of running their restaurant in order to encourage Guo to pursue a different line of work. “(My parents) encourage me to try to go to a good college and get a better job because of (the hardships),” Guo said. According to McQuillan, both her parents are not against the idea of her running the restaurant in the future, but said she needs more time to consider that option. “My mom really wants me to be a manager… after senior year she wants me to manage that summer,” McQuillan said. “I’ll just be talking about something that happened at work and my mom will be like, ‘Wow, you handled that really well, you should be a manager,’” McQuillan added.

>>

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 11


>>

McQuillan said that her parents liked the idea of her getting a better position at the restaurant or even running it in the future. “My step dad isn’t against it, but I’m just so young still,” McQuillan said. Abes said, “It actually would be nice to have a family member to take Greek’s Pizzeria over, I’ve worked really hard to grow the business and I do it for my family, so to have someone within the family run it, I feel like they would take care of it as I would and as I do.” However, whether her parents want her to run Greek’s Pizzeria, McQuillan said her sister, Julia McQuillan, a freshman at IUPUI, out of her two siblings, would be best fit to run the business. “My sister is basically a shift lead, so she’s not a manager but she’s also not just a normal staff member,” McQuillan said. “She’s been working there since we opened (Greek’s Pizzeria), but she’s in college now; she goes to IUPUI so she doesn’t work there as much, but I’m sure if she

Zach Guo works with his mother at the Number One China Buffet. Guo said he takes on a variety of responsibilities when working.

came back and remembered how to do stuff, she could for sure run it. She’s probably the strongest (from) the people in the back just because she’s been there for so long.” On the other hand, according to McQuillan, her brother, Nate McQuillan ‘19, who is now a freshman in college, seemed like a less likely candidate for running the business. “I don’t think my brother would want to (run the business) at all,” McQuillan said. “I actually don’t think my parents would ever be in that position to ask him. He’s not irresponsible; he’s just not driven.” Additionally, McQuillan said her sister was interested in the business department, wanting to even open her own bakery, another reason why McQuillan said her sister was better suited for running the business. McQuillan said she would not likely run the business in the future, but if it came down to her running it, she said she would do it.


“If I were to stay close and go to IUPUI like my sister did, I would probably work there and be in a manager position,” McQuillan said. “But I don’t think I would ever run Greek’s, unless it absolutely came to it.” McQuillan also added that if she had to run the business, she would be able to do it well. “I do think I could run (the business) well just because I’ve been there so long and even when I was in middle school my parents would show (me),’’ McQuillan said. “I still went in and I folded boxes or I would serve some tables if it was busy.” Likewise, Guo also said that if it absolutely came to him running the restaurant, he would do it. “I’d think I’d only really have to run the business if my parents had special circumstances that made it so that they wouldn’t be able to,” Guo said. “I feel like that would be the only time.” For Guo, he also said he would be able to run the restaurant, knowing what tasks to do and how to them because his parents taught him how. “I think I would be able to because my parents have already actually taught me a lot of how to do the job in the restaurant,” Guo said. “They’ve taught me how to run the cash register, how to clean dishes how to change out light bulbs or any type of tasks like that.” Regarding the children of business owners in general, Abes said he does not think most children of business owners feel obliged to work for their parents’ businesses, which is why he does not want his kids to either, and that it would completely be their choice. “I don’t think (children of business owners) feel obliged to work (for their parents). I definitely don’t make (my children) feel obliged to work (at my business).” Overall, Abes said he sees the family business as a positive for his family. “The positive is with (my children) working (with me) I get to spend more time with them, as opposed to most families who when (their) dad’s go to work or moms go to work they’re away from their kids.” According to McQuillan, her stepfather’s goal is to open 10 Greek’s Pizzerias in total and have full time managers run them, but whether or not McQuillan decides to be one of those managers, she said she would still work there and do a decent job at running one of the restaurants if she had to. ”I’ll still work there throughout high school and probably throughout college,” McQuillan said. “I feel like I could run it pretty decently because I’ve had the experience just seeing everything happen A over the years.”

Freshman Zach Guo works at the cash register. He frequently works up front, while his parents work in the kitchen.

Avery McQuillan makes a salad for a customer. Besides greeting customers and working at the cash register, she also helps serve and put together the orders.

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 13


DOUBLE

Q&A’s || ANDREW CAITO PHOTOS || RAY MO

DUTY Current social studies teacher, chemistry teacher discuss experiences in past profession

Q&A: social studies teacher John Carter Former linguist in the U.S. Army Why did you decide to become an Arabic linguist in the Army I knew I wanted to but a linguist by Uncle Sam said Arabic. I wanted to be a Chinese linguist, so I could study business after. [The Army] forced me to learn Arabic because I went in 2004 which was close to right after 9/11, so if anyone was to learn a language it was going to be Arabic.

Why did you become a teacher? I was working as an administrator at a university almost 60-70 hours a week. One of my friends was a principal and he knew I was getting burned out of the job I was at. He offered me to go finish out a year for a teacher that left midyear, he said, “If you like it, you can stay, but if you don’t, you don’t have to come back and you can leave.” So I taught for a few months and I really enjoyed it and it’s the only job I’ve had that I’ve really enjoyed.


Q&A: chemistry teacher Virginia Kundrat

Former analytical chemist Why did you pick your original career? My father was a chemical professor and I got to see some of the labs that they were doing. They always looked extremely interesting and I followed in his footsteps and saw things in his profession that I saw that were extremely interesting.

When did you know your profession wasn’t right? It was right and I enjoyed but it was more coordinating with my children’s schedules because I wouldn’t be off during the summers and I wanted to be home with them.

Why did you want to be a teacher? That might have been because both of my parents were teachers as well , a chemical professor and an elementary school teacher. Part of it was coordinating the schedule with my own children. But I wanted to be able to pay off school loans so I was in industry, and then I went into what I really wanted to which was teaching.

What are some of your favorite aspects about teaching? I like studying different things. Things are constantly changing. Like one day, we were doing a case study about Syria in international relations and the next day, the whole case changed when the US pulled out of Syria. Then the next day, it was completely different. The constant changes that happen keep me intrigued in education; this is by far the job I’ve enjoyed most.

Social studies teacher John Carter talks to a student. Carter was a linguist in the U.S. army before he started teaching.

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Called to Q&A: Emma Uber

How has your experience in a leadership position differed from your experiences as a regular member? The largest difference I have noticed is that I am now much more aware of all the different dynamics occurring within the council and I recognize just how many moving parts there are to everything that we do. Prior to this year, I served as an event chair and worked on the website, but those leadership positions only required me to focus on a single task. Now, as a more universal leader, the biggest adjustment has been learning how to think bigger picture and coordinate multiple agendas between multiple groups of members at the same time. Stepping into a leadership role for the council definitely taught me a lot about how the council works and how I function as a leader, but I am enjoying this term the most despite my increased workload because I am now much more invested in CMYC: an organization I believe in and care about.

How did you know you wanted to be a leader of this organization? I have been passionate about CMYC and youth civic engagement for the majority of my high school career, but junior year is when my perspective really shifted and I began to prioritize CMYC above my other extracurriculars. The thought of running for an executive office within CMYC was in the back of my mind for most of my time on council, but I think the deciding factor for me was that by the time I reached senior year, I felt I had a skill set that could be potentially valuable to the council. CMYC is full of intelligent and capable students who are often experienced leaders, so I was hesitant to step into a leadership position at first. However, after working as a section editor of the yearbook and a club officer during my junior year, my perspective on leadership changed: I began to value a leader who communicates and listens in addition to delegating or commanding. My main initiative was to create a better connected and coordinated council and having a goal to work towards spurred me to run for a leadership position.


Leadership

What has been the most fulfilling aspect of leading CMYC?

Vice President of Current Affairs for Carmel Mayor’s Youth Council (CMYC) discusses her experiences in leadership roles Q&A, PHOTO || ISABELLA WHITE

The most fulfilling aspect of leading CMYC by far has been the relationships I’ve formed. Within the council I feel that acting as a leader has allowed me to interact with each and every member, which is an experience I value greatly. Also, I get to work closely with the four other leaders on the executive committee and they have honestly become some of my most valued friends because I feel that we have a really good working relationship and we always have each other’s backs. Beyond the council itself, CMYC has allowed me to foster interesting relationships and connections with various city officials or community organizations. For example, I am interested in journalism and, through CMYC, I was given the opportunity to write for the City of Carmel newsletter. Without CMYC I would never have formed some connections that have led to wonderful opportunities or I would never know about some of the amazing philanthropic or community initiatives going on throughout Carmel.

Do you believe that CMYC, as a whole, is a leadership organization? I view CMYC as one big leadership opportunity because every member of the council is placed on either an event planning committee or on something like a social media, website or public relations committee. This means each member of CMYC has the opportunity to step up and display leadership qualities by taking the initiative to ensure that our events are the best that they can be. Additionally, the council is much more than just event planning. We also take tours of places such as City Hall, the fire station, the courthouse, and other important community locations. At many meetings we have guest speakers such as the mayor, city council members, or other figures around the city have introduced ideas or exemplified leadership. Some examples would be the CEO of Christkindlmarkt or the founder of the Carmel Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration. Through these tours and interactions, the council truly learns what it takes to be a successful leader and we are provided with mentors who lead one of the best places to live in the nation. By giving each member an opportunity to make their voice heard and lead an event, paired with connecting members with amazing leadership role models, I think CMYC promotes important qualities of leadership and youth civic engagement.

SUBMITTED PHOTO || EMMA UBER

Jaehee Kim and Emma Uber, CMYC Executive Council members and seniors, pose at Holiday at Center Green. CMYC members volunteered as “Santa’s Elves” during this event.

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 17


PHOTO ILLUSTRATION || OLIVIA CHILDRESS WORDS || KAREN ZHANG SUBMITTED PHOTOS || NOAH SIM


S

enior Noah Sim is a Korean citizen. That means between the ages of 18 to 28, he is required to return to South Korea and complete two years of compulsory military service. “I suppose (I’m okay with compulsory military service). Why not? It’s my country, it’s important to me, and these days, I hear that the experience isn’t that bad,” Sim said. “It would be good character building.” South Korea is not the only country that requires military service from its citizens; in fact, 26 other countries have some form of compulsory military service, though factors such as length of service and gender required differ. However, South Korea’s government has faced controversy in regard to its mandatory military service. According to a law enacted in 1973, men who have “raised the national image on a global stage and enriched the culture and sports sectors” are allowed to avoid military conscription. As of May, 449 people have qualified for the exemption on those grounds. Some people challenge that exemption of athletes and other artists is unfair to normal, everyday people, while others claim that mandatory military service itself should be abolished. Senior Kian Robinson is someone who disagrees with the concept of mandatory military service and the draft. As an 18-year-old male, he was required by law to register in the U.S. Selective Service System. While Selective Service is only a contingency mechanism, it allows the possibility that young men could be conscripted to serve in the military. “I generally disagree with (the concept of a draft),” Robinson said. “From a more ideological standpoint,

forcing people to fight when they don’t want to is just something I’m not a fan of.” Robinson is not alone. According to a Gallup poll conducted in 2017 where 1,006 adults aged 18 and older living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia were surveyed, 57% of people under the age of 30, the group most likely to be affected, said they opposed the idea of mandatory military service. Mandatory military service in the United States has been a point of contention for many years. However, Peter O’Hara, retired lieutenant colonel (LTC) and social studies teacher, said he agrees with the fundamental concept of the draft and he believes it is constitutional. Despite that, O’Hara said he believes the draft has become obsolete and can no longer be implemented. “The draft is an antique method of getting people to serve in a time of crisis to protect the country. And while it’s certainly constitutional, here’s the problem: While there is a draft law, it’s almost impossible to have a major draft,” O’Hara said. “You could draft a small amount of people if necessary, but to have a massive draft, the infrastructure and the money doesn’t exist to train, equip and deploy that massive amount of people that would come in if you had a draft. We just don’t have the ability to do that.” For his part, Sim said he believes it is his duty to complete his service in South Korea. “It’s a good thing to do and everyone does it,” Sim said. “I was interested in the Air Force (and maybe would’ve joined voluntarily), but I have other interests and aspirations that would make it difficult to serve.”

>>

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 19


Draft Basics

WAYS TO REGISTER

Take a look at how Selective Service works

Register online

WHO MUST REGISTER? Male U.S. citizens who are over 18 and under 26

Refugees, undocumented immigrants and dual citizens

Citizens born male and have changed their gender to female

Pick up a form at the post office

Register while applying for federal student aid

REGISTER ME

GRAPHIC || JACKIE HUR SOURCE || SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM

enRobinson, on the other hand, said he disagreed. home, got them signed into a center and trained, “I signed up for Selective Service because I it would be too late,” O’Hara said. “If we were to turned 18 and I had to do it. But I would never join exponentially increase the size of the military the military voluntarily. If I were drafted, I would in massive numbers, there’s no infrastructure, likely be a conscientious objector because I’m not there’s no facilities to support that. There’s also going to participate in military activity,” Robinson no money to do that. We don’t have the weapons, said. “It’s not necessarily dodging, because I have we don’t have the uniforms, we don’t have the deep-seated ethical issues with military activity. If food. The whole argument of, ‘Should we have a I truly didn’t believe in helping out the war effort, draft?’ kind of doesn’t matter because you can’t I would have serious hang-ups on participating do what people think of when you think of ‘draft.’” in it. I might not dodge it, but I might take jail Robinson said he believed that even if the time over helping out a war United States were to I don’t agree with.” implement a hypothetical Many Americans share draft, history would most Ultimately, it comes down likely the same sentiment as repeat itself through Robinson. The United civil unrest and riots. to the fact that I believe States has employed a draft “Going back to what it is my duty to serve and several times and has been you see historically in the met with resistance each ‘60s, you would probably protect my country. time. In wars such as the see a lot more civil unrest Senior Noah Sim Civil War and World War especially if the war was an I, hundreds of people evaded the draft, coining unpopular one. It definitely depends on the war the term “draft dodgers.” The Vietnam War was because I believe we had the draft in World War II especially controversial in the United States and and we did not necessarily see civil unrest because was accompanied by a significant amount of draft we were dedicated to the war cause, which in my evasion by young Americans by various means. opinion, was probably necessary,” Robinson said. Some eventually fled to Canada to dodge the draft. “For Vietnam, you can say a lot less in that regard. However, as technology has changed warfare, So I think if there wasn’t a lot of popular support O’Hara said he believes the draft will no longer for the war, there would be huge levels of civil be able to be implemented, hypothetically or not. unrest, lack of support for the government, a lot “Warfare has changed. Things are fast today. It of party-switching would happen.” takes a lot longer to train a soldier or airman or O’Hara said he agreed that reactions to a sailor today than it did when we first instituted hypothetical draft would be case-by-case. the draft. Because of technology, the way we fight “I think it was absolutely fine (to have a draft) wars today, it’s much more complicated. By the in World War II. Vietnam is more controversial. time (you’ve notified) everyone, got them from But if there was the type of conflict that would


Sim’s father, Young Dom Sim, gets decorated for his service in the South Korean military. He served two years in ROTC and two years four months in the military, gaining the rank of first lieutenant. require enough people to have a draft, I believe that the people of the United States would overwhelmingly commit to the war. People would sign up,” O’Hara said. “There are some people who would balk at military service but if it was that necessary, I think people would support it overwhelmingly.” For Sim, he said his mandatory military service is nothing special and shouldn’t be a source of controversy. Sim said, “Korea has only recently achieved independence in the modern age and the mandatory military service has always been a thing. I feel like Americans tend to view the draft as something scary especially with the Vietnam War and Korean War in the military history of the United States. In reality, everyone goes through it. Ultimately, it comes down to the fact that I believe it is my duty to serve and protect my country.” A

Sim’s father, Young Dong Sim, poses in his military uniform during his service in South Korea.

Conscription Chronologically

1861-1865 Civil War Both sides use volunteering, later use conscription. GRAPHIC || CHLOE SUN SOURCES || PBS.ORG, PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1965 Vietnam War Draft opposition leads to the broadening of the definition of conscientious objection. Over 2.2 million men were drafted.

2000

1800

1700

1775-1781 Revolutionary War Men are drafted for state militias.

1940 World War II The Selective Service System, the first peacetime draft, is established.

1900

Take a look at how drafts have been used throughout U.S. history.

1917 World War I Civilian boards draft men ages 21-30.

1950 Korean War Draft calls men ages 18.5-35 for duty averaging two years. About 1.5 million men were drafted.

Today Entirely volunteer armed forces policy, but men ages 18-25 are required to register for the draft.

CALL OF DUTY | 12.6 | 21


POWERFUL

ILY C ARLISLE

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here is one movie I could watch every day and never get tired of—Disney’s “Hercules.” When I tell people this, they are often confused as it is not the most popular Disney film. However, there is one big reason why I keep coming back to this movie. Megara, Meg, is a character whom I have always been able to relate to. I have always been stubborn and sarcastic, but when I put my mind to something it gets done, which is why I feel like Meg and I share some characteristics. Hercules came out in 1997, the same year as the Fox Animation classic “Anastasia.” Within the same year, two movies featuring strong, capable females were released. As a young girl, these were my two favorite movies because I could see my stubborn self in these women. Although Meg is not an official Disney princess per se, she is the heroine of the story. When Meg is first introduced she says “I’m a damsel. I’m in distress. And I can handle this.” By

introducing her with such sarcasm, she is portrayed as self-sufficient and strong-willed, which is not always the case with Disney princesses. Meg gives up her life for someone she loves, showing strength and bravery. From that moment on it was her “duty” to serve Hades even when the man she sold her soul for left her for another woman. Despite being heartbroken, she keeps her word for a while and although it is not the most rewarding job she understands the consequences. Her life changes when she meets Hercules, a common theme within Disney movies, but this story has more to unfold. As she and Hercules interact more and fall in love, Hades discourages this and reminds her that is what got her in the situation in the first place. He drains Hercules’ powers with the promise that he will keep Meg D R safe. Meg knows that what she did was wrong WO and begs Hercules not to give up his powers for someone who has done nothing but hurt him. When Meg is not kept safe, she is willing to die for Hercules so he can save Olympus, helping him complete his duty. Hercules, of course, saves the day and they live happily ever after.

| EM

Megara

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Heroines

Emily Carlisle, Hannah Gretz share their favorite female Disney characters

Take the Throne

Check out the evolution, history of Disney heroines and princesses GRAPHIC || MICHELLE LU

SOURCES || IMDb, SYFY

Snow White 1937

Cinderella 1950

The first two princesses personify the domestic containment theory of the 50’s. They followed the housewife stereotype and revolved around the attainment of “true love.”

The Little Mermaid 1989

Aladdin Pocahontas 1995 1992

The following two films still emphasized old-school elements, with romantically-inclined plots offset by contemporary attributes.


Megara’s actions may not seem very heroic compared to other princess’s duties, but when you take the time to think about it, her personal sacrifices took a lot of courage and inner strength. She gave up her freedom and almost her life for the people she loved. She did not fight for her country or go stop a giant angry lava monster, but she chose love even after being burned by it. Her duty was to be strong and love, even when times are tough. That’s why I still A admire her even as a junior in high school.

give up while doing so. Throughout the film, Ariel puts on her “game face” to tackle every duty and challenge that comes her way, despite how hard it is on her and her dream to abandon the life that was created for her. Ariel’s optimistic attitude provided her with the hope and joy that push her transition from follower to leader. Not only does Ariel define ambition and the importance of following your dreams through her own goals and tasks, she beautifully (and iconically) teaches young girls about optimism, confidence and the importance of seeking new adventures. Others looked down on Ariel and judged her for not choosing to take the conventional, expected path that was mapped out for her. As the king’s daughter, Ariel was expected to follow mermaid duties and protocol. In fact, the description of the f the official, but debatable, list of 12 Disney film describes Ariel’s father as controlling through princesses—which includes Cinderella, the set of rules that were identified as “forbidden.” Aurora, Ariel, Belle, Mulan, Rapunzel, However, despite the consistent negativity Pocahontas, Snow White, Jasmine, Tiana, and problematic situations she faced, Ariel Merida and Moana it is no secret Ariel was able to disregard the voices telling her possesses and deserves the highest she was not accomplishing her duties as ranking of recognition and praise. While the king’s daughter and dream about Cinderella, Belle and Mulan may be the her own goals. iconic working women of the Disney Furthermore, Ariel proved everyone princess franchise with their well-known else wrong as she later achieved the dream stories, Ariel should not be overlooked. she had worked so fearlessly for. With From its debut in 1989, “The Little (Ariel’s) goals in mind, I can admit Ariel Mermaid” stole the hearts of children, made poor choices along the way, but she adolescents and adults for decades to refused to abandon what she set out to do. come. With her passion, determination and As a princess, she displayed humility, growth willpower, Ariel defied the odds and became WO ETZ RDS || NNAH GR and ultimate happiness as she continued to who she wanted to be: a human. HA achieve her personal self-acclaimed job: to get the Not only does Ariel begin as the only non-human guy and become a human. princess, but she repeatedly took on the personal duties Due to Ariel’s optimistic, driven personality, she she assigned to herself in order to defy what her father accomplished tasks and overcome obstacles, leading her wants from her as a mermaid. to reach her dreams and become who she wanted to be: Despite her father’s wishes, Ariel perseveres and does A a human princess. not back down, creating her own fantasy and refusing to

Ariel

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Mulan 1998

Hercules 1999

These represented a pivotal moment in Disney’s storytelling, with damselin-distress turnarounds and a greater sense of independence and duty compared to previous films.

Brave Princess and the Frog 2012 2009 The two films are what critics call an appropriate balance between the classic princesses and more girlpower-oriented heroes.

Moana 2016 The film has been hailed for its accuracy and storytelling elements. In addition, many regard it as a shift in Disney’s perception of beauty.

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 23


SERVINGOUR SOCIETY CHS students learn vital skills through public service programs, appreciate their significance WORDS || LEAH TAN SUBMITTED PHOTO || ELIZABETH BRAZDA

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emergency, I learned) the basic safety measures, but I found that witnessing and understanding everything in person was encouraging and made me appreciate their work even more.” While Brazda and McShay both said they enjoyed the program, their lack of desire to pursue a public service career is a part of a growing trend among U.S. citizens. In fact, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, although the U.S. population has risen from 267 million in 1997 to 323 million in 2016, the number of full-time sworn officers per 1,000 U.S. residents dropped from 2.42 to 2.17 officers in 2016. Furthermore, Indiana ranks as one of the lowest states in those employed in the public service sector. According to a study conducted by the Bureau of Justice statistics in 2017, only 13.7% of the state’s workforce is in public service jobs, as a result of a 2.1% decrease since 2007. According to Student Resource Officer Scott Moore, the lack of participation is largely due

espite not wanting to pursue a publicservice career, specifically one of a police officer, sophomore Elizabeth “Liz” Brazda, who participated in the Police Explorers program, said she found it to be rewarding in more ways than she anticipated. “Originally I did (the Police Explorers program) because my dad’s girlfriend told me it’d be an amazing experience. However, I continued to do it for a second year primarily because it taught me skills you could never get anywhere else, such as communication and independence, as well as (exposing me to) perspectives in different emergency scenarios,” Brazda said. “It was nice to experience it, but I don’t necessarily feel the need to go into a career (related to public service).” Senior Kelsey McShay said she found a similar program rewarding in much the same way. “I did (a program) for acting purposes. (When acting as a firefighter in a simulation of a real-life

Public Service Salaries

SOURCES || INVESTOPEDIA, BUREAUOFLABORSTATISTICS

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10

Annual salary (in thousands)

Annual salary (in thousands)

Take a look at average salaries, increases for public service occupations

National Average

Fire Chief

Trash High School Lawyer Collector Teacher

GRAPHIC || ROBBIE GE

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019


Sophomore Elizabeth Brazda (third from the left) stands with other members of the Police Explorers program and police officers D.J. Schoeff, Shane VanNatter, and Chief James Barlow.

As a result of their experience in the programs, both Brazda and McShay said they urge others to showcase their appreciation for those who specialize or work in public service. “We rely on these people to stay safe and so to recent events in the United States related to it’s important to understand the amount of effort police officers. and preparation they put in,” McShay said. “By He said, “Many people right now don’t witnessing (the work they do), the intensity wish to serve the country, but I think there’s a sends chills and you can’t help but appreciate the misunderstanding. You don’t have to specialize in service they do for us. It seems like it doesn’t have combat or serve in the military to serve the country. that much of a connection to our everyday lives, There are small ways to give back, even if you don’t but the reason why we’re able to remain safe is want to pursue a public service career, because of these brave people.” and the effects are rewarding.” This urge for appreciation is In the end, those jobs are Moore said he suggests volunteering not a personal or biased belief, as tough and aren’t for everyat community events or donating to these careers are known to receive those less fortunate at a local church the least amount of recognition. one, but that just makes me According or pantry. to a poll conducted in For her part, even though Brazda appreciate those who serve 2019 in advance for UN’s Public said she doesn’t want to be a police Service Day, 20% of public service even more. officer, she recommends others to workers say they’ve never received Sophomore Elizabeth Brazda participate in programs like the Police a thank you, and care workers Explorers. She said it’s important to be exposed followed by police and teachers were named as on a personal level to public service jobs and the the least appreciated in their sector. work that people in public service careers do. “These people work for us every day tirelessly,” “I think doing something like a program that serves Brazda said. “They risk their lives and sacrifice the public is helpful whether or not you wish to pursue so much of their time in order to let us live a career in (that field),” she said. “In the end, those jobs comfortably. Don’t let this hard work go to waste. are tough and aren’t for everyone, but that just makes Make the effort to at least show your appreciation A me appreciate those who serve even more,” she said. for them.”

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 25


DOGGY DUTY

Students, staff emphasize value of police, therapy dogs to one’s mentality, workplace WORDS || MARISSA RYAN PHOTO || CHLOE SUN

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hile everyone melts when they see a cute dog in the hallway, many don’t realize the number of extra responsibilities taken on by the canines in order to enable them to roam the halls of CHS. The domesticated animal is not only a friendly neighborhood pet but has also found another call of duty: service. Hari Ganeshan, owner of therapy dog Copper and senior, is among the few who know first-hand the effects of therapy dogs. Ganeshan said Copper is not much different than a normal pet. He said, “She does all the normal things a dog would. In the way of volunteering, she has that distinction of a service dog enabling her to help people.” Social worker Sarah Knoop, who works with “Love on a Leash,” a nonprofit organization

dedicated to providing an avenue for volunteer pet therapy teams to engage in animal assisted therapy, has brought in therapy dogs, including Copper, during mental health awareness week for the past few years. “A lot of students can identify that their pet is one of the things that makes them feel better on a regular basis. Bringing in therapy dogs seemed like a natural way to brighten up your day and give some stress relief,” Knoop said. Therapy dogs are not the only dutiful canines within CHS walls. Twenty-one year old canine handler and Student Resource Officer, Scott Moore said police dogs that are prevalent both within and out of school are a very valuable part of law enforcement. The dogs used within schools are intended to sniff out narcotics.

Canine Characteristics Take a look at the qualities in different breeds of police dogs, service dogs

Police Dog Common breeds: German Shepherd

Jaw A strong jaw allows the dog to hold onto a person they are trying to detain.

Bloodhound Labrador Retriever Dobermann Beagle GRAPHIC || EMILY SANDY SOURCES || AKC, OPERATIONTAKEMEHOME

Body A high pain tolerance helps the dog to stay focused on the task if they are injured.

Brain German shepherds have an instinct from birth that they are the “alpha dog.” This can be useful in training and while attempting to detain a person.


Moore said, “My first dog was taught to scratch, bite, and try to get into the place drugs are located. My other two dogs were called passive, where they were trained to sit when they could smell drugs.” Moore said dog’s noses are 800 to 1,500 times stronger than humans; therefore, five dogs could clear this school within an hour, where it would take police officers at least 24 hours to search the building. Moore also said police dogs go through nine to 12 weeks of basic training, unlike therapy dogs who are often acclimated within four weeks. Ganeshan said, “During those four weeks of therapy training, you have to make sure the dog won’t take food from strangers if you’re in an assisted living home, will be very patient and be able to sit still for long periods of time.” Moore also said, “Dogs within the department are patient and very loyal. You can yell at your dog and it will still love you and still want to work. People aren’t like that.” The loyalty of canines is what makes them suitable for therapy. Ganeshan said, “I feel like with people there could be a lot of judgment, but with a dog, it’s just someone you can talk to where nothing bad could happen. For reading specifically, a lot of kids are shy or slow readers (for example), but when reading to a dog, (they) feel a lot more comfortable.” While Copper is technically Ganeshan’s pet, Moore said, “I never considered (police dogs) as pets; I consider them as anything I’m wearing, a piece of equipment. I didn’t want the attachment because for me to put them in harm’s way. That would be difficult A if my buddy got hurt under my handling.”

Senior Hari Ganeshan pets his dog Copper, a trained therapy dog. They volunteered for “Paws to Read” at the Carmel Clay Public Library on Nov. 23.

Brain Service dogs must be intelligent and eager to please their owners. This makes them quick learners.

Service Dog Common breeds: Golden Retriever Labrador Retriever Pomeranian Poodle German Shepherd

Eyes Service dogs must be observant and aware of their surroundings to guide someone with a disability, such as blindness.

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 27


Spreading Joy To Others Students, parents reflect on benefits of mission trips WORDS || VIYANG HAO, SARAH ZHENG PHOTO || LAASYA MAMIDIPALLI

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s a Mormon girl attending the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, sophomore Emily Hathaway aspires to attend a religious mission trip once she turns 19 years old. “I want to go on a mission trip because I think it’s a great experience for me. If I can help some people hear the gospel and be better people, I think that would be such a great feeling and can help other peoples’ lives be better,” Emily said. “I just (want to) help people in that way.” Emily’s father Jon Hathaway said mission trips consist of three parts: the first is to teach other people about Jesus Christ and how to become happier, the second is to teach others how to love themselves and the third is for the missionaries “to grow and to mature and to experience things that they will never get to experience if (the missionary) stayed wherever they came from.” Emily said she is excited to go on her first mission trip soon. One reason she said she wanted to go was due to her father, her two older brothers and sisterin-law’s experiences with their mission trips; Emily has another older brother who is currently on his mission trip. “My brothers have said that (going on mission trips) has really strengthened their testimony and beliefs because they have a bunch of spiritual experiences (during it),” Emily said. “Even though I believe in (my beliefs, going on mission trips) will just make (my beliefs even) stronger and (are) also a way to help people because the gospel makes me happy. I have joy in what I believe in and so being able to go help out other people and achieve joy in their lives, I think, is a way to (help strengthen my relationship with God).” For Christian and junior Lauren Lee, she has already been on a mission trip where she helped those “less fortunate” in Indianapolis. She said the

trip only deepened and strengthened her beliefs and faith in God. “It’s a way for Christians to go out to areas where people either don’t know the gospel or are in need of help,” Lee said. “We do things like community service, construction projects and things like that.” Although Lee’s experience with mission trips has been limited to east Indianapolis, she said she strengthened her belief greatly from that one experience over the summer. “The children (in east Indianapolis) don’t get a lot of attention from their families or they don’t have the proper nutrition needs being met at home, so there’s this community center down there and

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Indianapolis, IN Junior Lauren Lee works with others to tie-dye a shirt for her mission trip. SUBMITTED PHOTO || LAUREN LEE

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Memphis, TN Junior Emma Cappella fixes the roof of a house on her mission trip in Memphis, Tenn. SUBMITTED PHOTO || EMMA CAPPELLA

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 29


>>

“I like to go on mission trips because it’s an I helped lead a class with a certain grade,” Lee experience,” Cappella said. “It lets me see how said. “I helped them with regular school activities other people in our country and in like reading and math but also we other countries are living, makes me would talk a little by the lessons. “(Mission trips let) me more grateful for what I have and makes We would eat and do fun activities me want to serve others and help them with the kids.” see how other people in with their current stage (in life).” The term “mission trips” has our country and in other Jon also said he learned something different meanings for different from his mission trip to Los Angeles. people, and for Lee, it was an eyecountries are living, makes valuable “(From my mission trip), I learned opening one. Lee said she hopes to be able to go on another trip again. me more grateful for what that some people live day-to-day. They up in the morning and they do not “For me, (going on mission trips I have and makes me want wake know how their day is going to go while is) a way to grow personally in my relationship with God but also it’s a to serve others and help I’m such a planner,” Jon said. “(I met people) who didn’t know if they were really good experience just to see how different someone else’s life from mine them with their current going to be alive the next day; these were people that I would have never can be, even if they’re only 40 minutes stage (in life).” interacted with in my entire life.” away,” Lee said. “It’s gratifying to see Junior Emma Cappella Before applying to go on her mission someone being helped by what you do.” trip, Lee said she did not feel any pressure from Emma Cappella, non-denominational Christian and others; rather, she said she felt personally motivated. junior, said her mission trip was a notable experience.

A Helping Hand

GRAPHIC || NATHAN HUANG

Take a look at three of the most popular non-profit organizations that offer mission trip opportunities

SOURCES || HABITAT, LIFEWATER, SALVATIONARMYUSA

HABITAT FOR HUMANITY

LIFEWATER INTERNATIONAL

SALVATION ARMY

Goal: Create stability through improving homes for people, allowing for more affordable housing for those in need

Goal: Serve families living in poverty, help villages to gain flowing water, keep water sustainable

Goal: Assist human needs, combat addiction, help disaster survivors, and overcome poverty

Mission trips include: traveling and helping to build multiple houses for people in need

Mission trips include: constructing water wells, small dams, spring protections, and water sources

Mission trips include: volunteering at soup kitchens and participating in events to better the community

150 6.1

2.2

25 400

MILLION

MILLION

people helped

dollars raised

THOUSAND people helped

87

MILLION

MILLION

MILLION

dollars raised

people helped

dollars raised


“It’s just something that I feel like I want to do, but I’ve never felt like there was this pressure to,” Lee said. In contrast, Cappella said she felt a bit pressured to go on the mission trip. “I have (felt pressured to go on mission trips) before but not because of what you would think,” Cappella said. “I felt pressured to go before because my friends have really wanted me to go and they have gone before so it made me think, ‘Oh, maybe I should go.’” Other than the pressure, Emily said one of her fears when going on her first mission trip was getting along with other people that will accompany her. “I’m afraid I won’t get along with my companions because being friends with someone is different than living with someone,” Emily said. “I’m afraid of not getting along with the people I have to live with because that creates animosity between us and makes it harder to preach to other people about love if you’re not getting along with the person you have to get along with.” Although Emily’s fear of mission trips comes from getting along with companions, Lee said her fears were different from what Emily said. “Things I was nervous about were mainly like, ‘Would I actually be able to help anyone?’ as well as personal reasons like, ‘Would it help my relationship with God?’ I was expecting to grow somewhat,” Lee said. Despite Emily’s worries, she said she’s going to be a part of something new since her church recently lowered the age requirement for women to go on mission trips from 19 years old to 21 years old. “I’m kind of part of the new trend (among women at my church), going on a mission when I’m 19,” Emily said. She also said even though she will be taking a gap year after her first year in college, she said she knows she will be able to gain a different kind of life experience for her to mature and grow as a Mormon and as a citizen. “I think it’s important to know that there are life experiences that you cannot learn in the classroom,” Jon said. “I would encourage everyone, at some point (of time) before they finish college, to either take a gap year between high school and college or to take a gap year in college and spend that year doing something worthwhile to help the A human race.”

Speak up! What was your biggest takeaway from your mission trip? “I learned that learning someone’s name and just taking the time to have that personal interaction with someone is so meaningful. And being that kind of person in their life has so much impact beyond what you can see.”

Sophomore Christina Carmichael “(My biggest takeaway was) realizing what love I had for kids and it kind of started off a big leadership opportunity for me. I started taking on a lot of leadership opportunities in our youth group and it kind of showed me the qualities that I had.”

Senior Hannah Leonard

“My biggest takeaway from my mission trip would probably be how important it is to reach out to people who aren’t exactly like you.

Sophomore Sarah Warf “My biggest takeaway is to not take education for granted. I think personally I tend to not want to come to school sometimes just because it can be hard and stressful but to think that there’s a lot of countries that do not have the same opportunities we have really just changes my perspective.”

Senior William Pugh SPEAK UPS, PHOTOS | LAASYA MAMIDIPALLI

CALL OF DUTY | 12.06 | 31


“Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go.” T.S. Eliot

Profile for Carmel Acumen

ACUMEN Dec. 6, 2019: Call of Duty  

Carmel High School presents the December 6, 2019 issue of the Acumen newsmagazine.

ACUMEN Dec. 6, 2019: Call of Duty  

Carmel High School presents the December 6, 2019 issue of the Acumen newsmagazine.

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