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March 18

Issue 97

The Eye of the Green Tower German architectural firm meets Singapore’s increasing population needs with biodiverse awe-inspiring high-rise

Wood, Plastics & Composites Foster + Partners puts U.S. red oak on the map in stunning London City project

Build Focus: Residential The Lighterman building is Greenwich’s latest prestigious addition to its already impressive skyline


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Editorial Comment FC&A is a proud supporter of the Chartered Institute of Architectural Technologists.

Mixed Media Information Pear Platt, Woodfalls Farm, Gravelly Way, Laddingford, Kent, ME18 6DA Tel: 01622 873229, Fax: 01622 320020

Editor Rebecca Kemp Editorial Assistant Paige Smith Print & Digital Advertising Sam Ball Andrew Soper Print Design Manager Jack Witcomb Digital Design Manager David Perry Production Assistant Sofia Franchi Accounts/Credit Control Charlie Ivy Managing Director Sam Ball

Terms and Conditions: Contributions are invited and when not accepted will be returned only if accompanied by a fully stamped and return addressed envelope. No responsibility will be taken for drawings, photographs or literary contributions during transmission or in the editors hands. In the absence of an agreement the copyright of all contributions, literary, photographics or artistic belongs to Mixed Media Information Ltd.The Publisher accepts no responsibility in respect of advertisements appearing in the magazine and the opinions expressed in editorial material or otherwise do not necessarily represent the view of the publisher.The Publisher does not accept any liability of any loss arising from the late appearance or non publication of any advertisement.

Magazine March 2018


to Future Constructor & Architect...


ne of the most significant trials faced by the megacities of the 21st century is the vastly expanding population across the globe. According to the intergovernmental organisation the United Nations, the world’s population is predicted to soar to a mountainous 9.7 billion by the year 20501. By this year, the UK will contribute a sum of more than 77 million towards this mass, further cementing our capital’s megacity title.This population boom is the result of longer life expectancies, a potential increase in immigration for the UK and a prognostication of more births than deaths over the next 10 years here in the UK2. Architects are the underlying assets required – not only in the UK; but the world over – to accommodate this ever-growing agglomeration. Internationally, every settlement hierarchy will witness this substantial growth and architects will encounter limitations when it comes to floor area ratio, leaving one alternative option; to continue to build up. High-rise buildings have long been an architectfavourite for residential applications. However, one element often disregarded in the fabrication and design of high-rise builds is biodiversity. The integration of biodiversity-focused design components is crucial if we are to build more to accommodate our predicted population growth; which will inevitably lead to urban sprawl jeopardising towns’ and cities’ green spaces and influencing wildlife and plants that inhabit the world’s greenswards. In a global effort, architects worldwide are exploring effective methods of high-rise design that integrates all variables of life on earth. One example of structural biodiversity featured in this month’s issue is Ingenhoven Architects’ quadripartite high-rise tower, Marina One. Situated in the core of Singapore’s Marina Bay Central Business District, this awe-inspiring three-dimensional ‘green oasis’ reflects the diversity of tropical flora, providing the populaces of Singapore living space close to nature.Turn to page 18 to read further into Singapore’s towering green skyscraper. Elsewhere, FC&A explores another flora-focused scheme by Milan-based architect firm, Stefano Boeri Architetti.Trudo Vertical Forest of Eindhoven is a social housing scheme designed for low-income social cohorts at affordable rates with one fundamental difference; it’s enveloped in trees and plants. The 19-storey tower, in the words of Stefano Boeri,“confirms that it is possible to combine the great challenges of climate change with those of housing shortages”.Turn to page 38 to see how this Italian architect is addressing the housing shortage in the Netherlands.

1 bulletins/nationalpopulationprojections/2016basedstatisticalbulletin 2

Front cover: The 19-storey Marina One building brings together biodiversity and accommodation for Singapore’s evergrowing population. See page 18.



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Rebecca Kemp Editor, Future Constructor & Architect

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News 10 Industry Updates:

FC&A rounds up this month’s industry news, including awarded contracts, completed projects and much more.

36 Voice of the Industry:

Here Steve Thompson, Managing Director at EOS Facades, looks into future trends and applications for steel framing solutions in the modular and pod manufacturing realm.

26 Legal & Business:

Steve Mansour, CEO of construction insurance specialist CRL, looks back at the past year’s events and how they have affected the construction industry.

Features 34 Openings: Doors,

Windows & Louvres: Many creative agencies require interiors and architectural elements that are an accurate reflection of their innovations and originalities, however, doors are often disregarded components. Here, door manufacturer Deuren explains how it made one Yorkshire-based agency’s entry the centrepiece of the interior.

52 Build Focus: Residential:

Greenwich’s development,The Lighterman – phase two of the Peninsula Riverside scheme – is one of the most ambitious prestigious residential plans the UK has seen of late. Here, Shackerley talks to FC&A about its involvement in the extensive project.


Portfolios 38 Green Roofs: This month’s feature is more than just a green roof; it’s an ingenious ‘Vertical Forest’ scheme that leaps forward from the concept of green roofs into a world submerged in natural vegetation. Turn to page 38 for Stefano Boeri Architetti’s innovative green social housing project.

Plastics 42 Wood, & Composites: The popularity of American red oak is predicted to prosper following the spectacular design of Bloomberg’s City of London headquarters. Designed by Foster + Partners, the build, appropriately named the Vortex, has been awarded a record BREEAM rating of 98.5%.

46 Thermal &

Moisture Protection:

Hudson Lambert, Director of Safeguard Europe, explores the benefits of modern masonry treatments to tackle the issues of penetrating damp in new and converted properties.

14 Bispevika development, Leonard Design:

Scandinavia is a region that’s heavily influencing the entire scale of the design world. Here, Leonard Design takes a brief look at the hub of it all – Oslo.

18 Marina One,

Ingenhoven Architects:

Meeting Singapore’s rapidly growing population requirements, German architect firm, Ingenhoven Architects, has added an out-of-this-world high-rise building to the Marina Bay Central Business District.

28 LEGO House, Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG):

Copenhagen- and New York-based architectural practice, BIG, has pushed the boundaries of what’s possible with every child’s favourite building block, LEGO.

48 Off-Site Construction: Having designed, built and delivered almost 1500 hotel-style accommodation modules for the workers at Hinkley Point C, Caledonian is well placed to offer its expert advice on the benefits of off-site construction. Here, CEO Paul Lang explains how this method can help the UK’s housing crisis.


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Industry Updates


CONTACT US Submit your news and comments to: @fcamagazine

FC&A rounds up the latest industry news

In Brief

Lack of major projects slows construction in January After a volatile 2017 for construction, the year hadn’t begun much better for the industry in January, with the value of new contracts awarded at £5.4bn, 10.6% lower than the same time last year, as a lack of major projects has hit growth prospects. The latest edition of the Economic & Construction Market Review from industry analyst, Barbour ABI, highlights levels of construction contract values awarded in 2017 across the UK. Residential housing and infrastructure both dominated the construction sector across January, with contract values at £1.9bn and £1.7bn respectively which, combined, is more than 65% of the total value of construction in the month.The largest project in January was the £800m Spire London Hertsmere House development at West India Quay in London, more than four times larger than the next biggest development.

Studio Libeskind’s Milan Tower becomes PwC Tower at CityLife The Libeskind Tower has been created in line with state-of-the-art building and environmental sustainability criteria, making it one of the most recognisable buildings of the new Milan skyline. The tower will complete the business district of the CityLife masterplan, housing 3000 professionals, 500 staff and four service lines for customers.

DHF stresses importance of training following door accident

The Door & Hardware Federation (DHF) is emphasising the significance of proper training, following the fining of a principal contractor, after a roller shutter door damaged a market stall in Walthamstow. Flex D B Construction of Rydal Gardens, London, was found guilty of breaching Regulation 13 (1) of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015, and was ordered to pay a fine of £45,000, plus £4064 costs, together with a victim surcharge of £170. Raising standards through ongoing training has long been the clarion call underpinning DHF’s drive for higher quality and compliance. Widely regarded as the ‘go-to expert’ with regards to technical expertise, information, knowledge, advice and practical help, the organisation has very recently launched a new code of practice (DHF TS 012:2018) designed to raise standards of safety in the industrial door industry.


Personnel BSRIA appoints new business manager

SHH announces internal promotions

BSRIA is delighted to announce the appointment of Peter Tse, MEng, CEng, MCIBSE, MIET, PE, as Business Manager, Sustainable Construction Group, BSRIA. Peter will be well known within the industry as he was previously Principal Consultant within BSRIA’s Sustainable Construction Group for eight years. Peter has had an extensive and distinguished career at BSRIA in the construction and built environment sector.

London-based architecture and interior design practice, SHH, has announced the promotion of four members of the 50-strong team as the firm continues to flourish, 25 years after it was founded. On the architecture team, Pawel Nawojczyk has been promoted to Associate Director. Amishi Thanawalla has been promoted to Associate. On the interior design team, Georgia Stevenson and Brooke Radtke have been promoted to Associates.

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Ground engineering leader expands UK arm Mainmark is delighted to announce that it has recently enhanced its UK division by welcoming two of its long-standing overseas experts to the British team. Robbie Blanchfield and Victor Chirilas both relocated from Christchurch, New Zealand, and will be joining Mainmark’s Milton Keynes office where their extensive knowledge and wealth of experience in the industry will help support and develop the UK offering.

Industry Updates

In Brief ‘Zaha Hadid Architects: Evolution’ exhibition

“After the two towers by Zaha Hadid and Arata Isoza and the opening of the CityLife Shopping District, the realisation of the Libeskind Tower represents a further step towards the conclusion of the CityLife project which adds to what has been already given back to the city,” declared Armando Borghi, CEO of CityLife. PwC Tower will, in fact, become the building with the lowest environmental impact allowed by current technology, offering a modern, exciting and innovative space that expresses an organisational culture which promotes sharing and collaboration. PwC’s choice originates from a survey which involved its staff at all levels: listening to these professionals’ needs, a space coherent with an ever-evolving profession has emerged. The tower has been

designed to integrate the most advanced concepts and innovative technology for safety and demonstrates a longterm commitment to PwC’s corporate welfare strategies. After closely evaluating roughly 10 proposals, shortlisted to three, the final decision was made following the evaluation that only the tower reflected the values that characterise PwC: effective integration among technology, innovative working models, sustainability and a commitment to quality of life. The PwC Tower will begin construction in the next few months following the successful conclusion of the three underground floors, started in 2016, and final completion is estimated by the end of 2019. The PwC Tower has been known, since the planning stage, as ‘The Curved One’

for its vertical shape which develops as a prism, part of a sphere encompassing in an ideal embrace the ‘Tre Torri Square’, the biggest Milan pedestrian area, and one of the largest in Europe. The building will have its back to Domodossola Square and will come up beside the two iconic CityLife’s Towers, Isozaki Tower occupied by Allianz and Hadid Tower, which will house the new Generali’s offices from the second half of 2018. The structure of the PwC Tower will conclude at 175m high with 31 floors, 28 executive offices and more than 33,500m2 of total surface.The upper part of the tower will be the ‘Crown’, a broad glass structure which will close the spherical tendency, crucial to the tower concept.

TheGallery at Arts University Bournemouth (AUB) in collaboration with the university’s faculty of art, design and architecture and Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) present ‘Zaha Hadid Architects: Evolution’, an exhibition exploring how the studio has evolved its design processes over the past 30 years to create some of the world’s most distinctive and creative buildings. Showcasing the complete design archive of an early ZHA building – the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati, USA – alongside current projects using digital design processes such as virtual reality and parametric design, the exhibition outlines ZHA’s remarkable journey from analogue to digital methods. Each of the practice’s innovative projects builds on over 30 years of exploration and research in the interrelated fields of urbanism, architecture and design.The exhibition details the clear progression of ZHA’s work: from Zaha Hadid’s early deconstructivist beginnings to the fluidity of current designs that are presented in 3D printed form.Through handmade models, sketches, drawings, computer renders, animations, paintings, 3D printed models, prototypes and videos, the exhibition offers an insight into the different media that have played a key role in developing and designing projects throughout ZHA’s history.

BSRIA in support of Renewable Heat Incentive BSRIA is in support of the ‘reformed and refocused scheme’ for the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) issued by Government. Such reforms will ensure a focus on long-term decarbonisation, promoting the deployment of the right technologies for the right uses, while ensuring the RHI contributes to both Government’s decarbonisation targets and the UK’s renewable energy target. Offer better value for money and protect consumers, improving how costs are controlled, giving consumers more confidence in the performance of particular technologies and addressing potential loopholes in the scheme. Support supply chain growth and challenges the market to deliver driving cost reductions and innovation to help build growing markets that provide quality to consumers and are sustainable without Government support in the future.

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Industry Updates

Architect in Profile

Boundary Space is an interdisciplinary studio carrying out commissions in architecture, design, art and graphics. The practice’s work ranges from elegant interior schemes, complex builds, underground extensions and London townhouses to country estates. Here, FC&A talks to Director Thomas FurseRoberts about the practice’s ethos and delves into his architectural experience.

Thomas Furse-Roberts is a Director at Boundary Space


Please tell us a bit about your career background After briefly studying the history of art and a stint creating sets for touring theatre companies, I studied at the Oxford School of Architecture, becoming a Chartered Architect in 2008. I come from a family of architects, engineers and artists; I grew up playing in studios and workshops, forming a very ‘hands-on’ approach to design. Had you always wanted to pursue a career in architecture/design? No, but I have always wanted to design things, from stage sets to furniture. I became an Architect because it was the field that allowed the broadest range of design. We can be designing a masterplan one day, and a door handle the next. No other discipline allows such breadth of scale.

What has been your most notable project to date? We are in the odd position that most of our projects are secret. We have created houses for some of the world’s wealthiest people with underground swimming pools, tennis courts and private car museums, but part of our service is complete discretion. What do you think is the most significant challenge for designing in sustainability? While many people focus on codes and technology, we shouldn’t forget that if you create a building that is loved and lasts for centuries, it will be inherently more sustainable than a technological marvel that is demolished in a decade’s time. Beauty and practicality have a role to play in sustainability alongside building technology. What is your favourite building and why? James Speyer’s Ben Rose House in the Chicago suburbs. Better known as Cameron’s house from Ferris Bueller’s Day Off. As a child seeing this film made me realise what modern architecture could be!

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What do you think is the greatest challenge for architects today? Justifying to clients, and the public, the value of good design. With land prices so high, design is often thought of as an unnecessary expense. Good design builds beautiful, habitable and healthy spaces which will last centuries, but it needs investment and foresight. What do you think is the greatest challenge for architecture students at the moment? The cost of training and ability to build experience. It’s a sad fact that university fees have hugely impacted who can afford to become an architect. This is compounded by the huge competition for junior roles and the vicious circle of practices needing applicants with experience. It’s something that the industry must confront; otherwise, there will be a lost generation of architectural talent. Architecture cannot be an elitist pursuit if it is to continue being relevant. What can we expect to see from Boundary Space over the next year? As well as having a number of schemes in planning and concept stages, Boundary Space are finishing a complete remodelling of a large townhouse in Notting Hill, including its own rooftop garden and contemporary floating glass box. Later in the year, we will also be completing a new-build in South Kensington.

What has been your greatest influence and source of inspiration? We have a diverse set of influences, and one of the best places to get inspiration is the Victoria and Albert Museum. Like no other museum, there is a collision of style and time which keeps bringing us back.The ability to be able to view a Balenciaga gown followed by Tudor panelling or an early Japanese vase matches our eclectic approach.

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Bispevika Development, Oslo, Norway

Oslo – the heart of Scandinavian design Scandinavia is currently the centre of attention on the global stage as the world goes mad for its clean, minimalistic aesthetic and interesting lifestyle trends such as ‘hygge’. However, Norway and Oslo, in particular, seems to be at the hub of it all. Here Leonard Design Director, John Morgan, discusses ‘the Oslo factor’ as the city is named the fastestgrowing capital in Europe.


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Bispevika Development, Oslo, Norway



slo is the fastest-growing capital in Europe, and in recent years its industrial areas have been transformed into thriving, attractive neighbourhoods for its rapidly expanding population and the influx of tourists. One such part of the city that is experiencing the fastest rate of transformation is the Bjørvika area of the Fjord City redevelopment which hosts the famous Barcode Project, Oslo Opera House, Oslo Public Library and, following its planned 2020 relocation, the Munch Museum. Located within this impressive skyline is Bispevika, a mixeduse development on the city’s waterfront which will contain a unique mix of culture, community, art and retail, as well as office and residential space. John Morgan, Director at Leonard Design, the architect practice developing the ground floor masterplan of Bispevika, commented: “The landscape and skyline of Oslo are in a state of change and everyone is paying close attention. It has been named ‘the most expensive city to live in’1 but also voted ‘the best place in the world for young architects to find work’2, consequently making it an inspiring place right now for architecture.”

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Bispevika Development, Oslo, Norway


such as Sørenga, Middeladerparken, Barcode and Bjørvika together into a coherent central district but will also, importantly, connect the land with the sea. “We conducted lots of new research and analysis on what makes excellent street environments and characterises different zones to enable a successful scheme as the development is in such a high-profile area surrounded by architecturally stunning buildings such as the Oslo Opera House and Barcode. “The push and pull of height versus width and small spaces, versus open spaces are just two of the juxtapositions to think about when considering a masterplan and among the many elements we considered with this project.”

In 2016, Leonard Design Architects was chosen by client OSU and was brought on board to collaborate with the various local Norwegian architect firms that have designed different sections of the scheme.The Leonard Design team were asked to use their expert knowledge to activate the ground floor of the whole Bispevika development, and to create a new, unique district for the city. “For any project, it is the ground floor that sets the scene for the entire development as city life will revolve around its urban spaces, public transport hubs and convenient access points for work, living or leisure.Therefore, it is essential to get it right to ensure a development is a busy, bustling part of the city. “The Bispevika project will rejuvenate the old docks and provide brilliant public access to the waterfront as we want to encourage tourism but, more importantly, we want to create an area that will make the city better for the existing residents.The development will act as the central area that binds sub-areas 1 personalfinance/expat-money/10130878/Now-Oslois-the-worlds-most-expensive-place-to-live.html 2

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Bispevika Development, Oslo, Norway

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Marina One, Marina South, Singapore

Marina One makes an innovative contribution to the discourse on megacities, especially in tropical regions Images ©HG Esch

The three-dimensional green oasis reflects the diversity of tropical flora

Marina One makes an innovative contribution to the discourse on megacities, especially in tropical regions

Marina One in Singapore is to date the largest project by Ingenhoven Architects. The project was officially opened on 15th January 2018 by the Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Hsien Loong, and the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak.


s an international role model for living and working, Marina One makes an innovative contribution to the discourse on megacities, especially in tropical regions, which, in the context of increasing population and climate change, face enormous challenges.


The high-density building complex with its mix of uses extends to over 400,000m2 and, with its group of four high-rise buildings, defines the Green Heart – a public space extending over several storeys. This three-dimensional green oasis reflects the diversity of tropical flora.

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Today, more than 50% of the world’s population lives in cities.This number will increase to 70% in the next three decades. By 2050, the world’s population will grow to nine or 10 billion. In urban agglomerations, this growth cannot be accommodated without high-rise buildings. The core concept for Marina One, which consists of a group of four high-rise buildings, is based on a shared central space – the Green Heart – which was designed by Ingenhoven Architects in close cooperation with landscape architect firm Gustafson Porter + Bowman. The interaction between the geometry of the buildings and the garden facilitates natural ventilation and generates an agreeable microclimate.The most significant public landscaped area in the Marina Bay Central Business District of Singapore, it provides living space close to nature; the usable area of which is 125% of the original site surface area.


The Green Heart of Singapore

Living with nature

Marina One, Marina South, Singapore

The compact and efficient layout design is complemented by energy-saving ventilation systems, highly effective external solar screening devices and glazing

The core concept for Marina One, which consists of a group of four high-rise buildings, is based on a shared central space – the Green Heart

The most significant public landscaped area in the Marina Bay Central Business District of Singapore, it provides living space close to nature

Inspired by Asian paddy field terraces, the green centre is formed by the four towers

The interaction between the geometry of the buildings and the garden facilitates natural ventilation and generates an agreeable microclimate

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Marina One, Marina South, Singapore For a project to become an authentic development it must be accepted by the people, it must be lived in, and it must be popular. I hope and wish that Marina One will have that authenticity. By working together, we have done everything we could, – Christoph Ingenhoven, Principal and Founder of Ingenhoven Architects



All drawings: ©Ingenhoven Architects

Marina One comprises four high-rise buildings which accommodate office, residential and retail functions and have been rated under the Green Mark ‘Platinum’ and LEED ‘Platinum’ schemes.The two office towers each have a usable floor area of 175,000m2; the two residential towers provide 1042 city apartments and penthouses for about 3000 residents. The organic shape of the building complex with its iconic louvres and the generous planting contribute to an improvement of the microclimate and increase biodiversity. Inspired by Asian paddy field terraces, the green centre formed by the four towers – with its multi-


storey three-dimensional gardens – reflects the diversity of tropical flora and creates a new habitat. This Green Heart comprises over 350 different types of trees and plants, including 700 trees, on a landscaped area of 37,000m2.Various kinds of animals become part of this biological diversity. Inspired by the natural climate changes at the different vertical levels of a rainforest, the landscape architecture mimics a green valley with its variations in climate according to level.

In harmony Restaurants and cafes, retail areas, a fitness club, pool, supermarket, food court and event areas on the different open terraces not only provide products and services to the

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residents, office workers and visitors – they also create a place for social interaction. The compact and efficient layout design is complemented by energy-saving ventilation systems, highly effective external solar screening devices and glazing that reduces solar radiation into the building. Direct connections to four of Singapore’s six mass rapid transport lines, bus stops, bicycle parking facilities and electro-mobile charging stations ensure that exhaust emissions caused by private transport are significantly reduced.The colour scheme of the interior and the building facade features calm and earthy bronze shades in order to support the harmonious atmosphere.


Organic elements

Marina One, Marina South, Singapore RESIDENTIAL ELEVATION

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Marina One, Marina South, Singapore

Fact File:


Client: M+S Singapore, a company owned by Khazanah Nasional Berhad, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Temasek Holdings, Singapore Project management: UEM Sunrise Berhad, Malaysia/ Mapletree Investments, Singapore Design architect: Ingenhoven Architects, Düsseldorf, Germany/ingenhoven LLP, Singapore Project architect: architects61, Singapore Landscape architecture: Gustafson Porter + Bowman, London, UK Local landscape consultant: ICN Design International, Singapore


Structural and M&E engineers: BECA Carter Hollings & Ferner, Singapore Facade consultant: Arup, Singapore Lighting consultant: Arup, Singapore Residential interior designer: Axis ID, Singapore Quantity surveyor: Langdon & Seah, Singapore Main contractor: Joint venture company by Hyundai Engineering & Construction and GS Engineering & Construction Piling contractor: Sambo E & C, Singapore


Execution: 2011-2017 Build area: 400,000m2 Retail: 118,382,10m2 Office: 226,165m2 Residential: 114,235m2/1042 apartments Site area: 26,200m2 Height office building: each 200m Height residential building: each 139m Green building certificates: LEED ‘Platinum’, Green Mark ‘Platinum’ Number of plant species: 350


Green area: 37,000m2

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Glass & Glazing

A university of firsts The Rt Hon Joseph Chamberlain was one of the main founding advocates of the University of Birmingham. It was awarded a Royal Charter in 1900, making it one of the first redbrick universities in England. which sit on par with the break lines of the large primary windows, increasing the number of floors from three to five. To make the building a warmer and more comfortable learning space, replacing the draughty and unsecure primary windows with new double glazing was discussed. However, as the building is of architectural interest and has a listed status, consent could not be obtained. Instead, all the original primary windows were removed, stripped, repainted and re-glazed like for like. Although restored, the single glazed units were still inefficient, so Selectaglaze was specified to provide a solution with its secondary glazing. The design specification was very demanding, with the secondary glazing required to provide noise reduction of 45 to 48 dB, seal the envelope of the building achieving air leakage of less than 5m3/

When planning the repair and restoration of this Grade I Listed Historic Royal Palace, the client wanted to remove the bomb-blast curtains to open up the full magnificence of the interior with the only surviving in-situ ceiling painting by Sir Peter Paul Rubens.

The main windows are 3.6m high and 2m wide. Selectaglaze had products certified for blast mitigation but none had been tested to these sizes. Full-size samples were therefore produced and successfully range tested to the client’s specification to demonstrate that the curtains could be replaced by a single openable secondary window. t



Inigo Jones designed the current Banqueting House, Whitehall in 1619-1622 after its predecessor was destroyed by fire. Famously, King Charles I was executed outside the building in 1649.

Aston Webb and Ingress Bell began work on a construct of buildings in 1901 to include a great hall and a semi-circular block of buildings for the mechanical engineering department. Their previous designs included the main facade of Buckingham Palace and the main building of the V&A. Aston Webb Great Hall and the Quadrant Range was granted Grade II Listing in 1970, as a grand example of Victorian design and engineering with its domed roofs and a sweeping curved facade. Associated Architects was commissioned to sensitively refurbish the exterior and to redesign and renovate the interior of Block C, creating new space to accommodate a large lecture theatre, student services and support hub. Part of this refurbishment included the introduction of new mezzanine floors,


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Glass & Glazing


In order to build and handle windows of this size and weight (about 180kg each), specialist lifting equipment was needed as well as columnar scaffolding to raise the windows into position for secure fixing into reinforced openings.

In all, 39 windows have been treated for blast mitigation but the secondary glazing also provides noise insulation in excess of 45 dB, additional thermal insulation and the laminated glass acts as a UV filter to protect the paintings.

TM *


01727 837271

Secondary glazing is a reversible adaptation and satisfies the requirements for listed building consent. This has helped Banqueting House become a warmer, quieter and safer environment for visitors and events.



m2/hr (half that of the current Building Regulations), provide protection from falling at the edge of the new floors and improve the thermal retention by lowering the U-value to 1.9w/m2K. Over 200 units were installed with varying designs and styles, many of which were curved to suit the building. In the lecture theatre there is a series of large 2.3m-wide, 3.8m-high openings which were treated with a combination of fixed lights from the Series 42 range and horizontal sliders from the Series 80 heavy-duty range. In the office area there is a curved opening which stands at over 6m wide and 2.8m high which was treated from the Series 42 fixed light and Series 41 sidehung casement ranges. All units are fully assembled in the factory allowing for rapid installation in order to minimise disruption. A Royal Warrant Holder since 2004; Selectaglaze has 50 years’ experience designing, manufacturing and installing secondary glazing for all building types. Selectaglaze offers a technical advisory service along with RIBA-approved CPDs to make sure that the right product is used for the maximum benefit – ensuring the building is warmer, quieter and safer.

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Legal & Business

The future of construction

2017 was a rollercoaster year for the construction industry and its workers. From Brexit, zero growth predictions and reports suggesting that the sector is struggling, to seemingly climbing out of a recession thanks to a surge in house-building, it’s fair to say we’ve had quite a year, says Steve Mansour, CEO of construction insurance specialist CRL.


developments are likely to attract investors, spending large amounts of Government money on such projects could be seen as a waste, with many other regions in desperate need of further investment. Government figures show that in England over 200,000 homes have been sitting empty for at least six months2. This is likely due to buyers using these properties as investments for future growth, which unfortunately intensifies the housing problem. This problem only increases as more buyers wait to see whether transport links will be developed in the area. If such a project goes ahead, investors look to double or triple property value, simply because it improves commuting options.

Looking at the year ahead Currently, we are seeing developers build multitudes of three-bed family homes, in a bid to solve the ever-evolving housing shortage. There has to be a shift this year to fit with demand, which will create more choice in the market, and respond to consumer need. Developers must start recognising this if they are to stay ahead of the game.This shouldn’t mean increased property prices, it should mean a welcome change. There isn’t any doubt that technological advancements have already improved

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construction and we expect this to expand this year, through processes such as modular building and 3D printing. Expect more virtual reality and augmented reality use, with potential buyers visiting the shell of a virtual house, allowing them to design and configure a truly unique home. This will mean a fit-for-purpose property, which will hopefully result in purchasers staying in their homes for longer. 2018 must be the year we encourage entrepreneurialism and further innovation in the construction industry and because of this, we expect it to be the year of the SME builder. It seems that Brexit will continue to be a real issue as the year progresses, particularly in terms of recruitment and careers. The UK’s departure from the EU has thrown the issue into sharper focus given the industry’s reliance on overseas labour3, meaning the drive to attract and retain talent has never been so vital.


t’s no surprise that Brexit had the biggest impact on the industry, with ‘uncertainty’ becoming the word of the year. Uncertainty over the outcome of Brexit negotiations and the survival of the current administration have disrupted both commercial and industrial investment. If we pair this with the stamp duty increase on properties over £1m, it is possible you will find the catalyst for the current housing crunch. Such factors also started the ball rolling for the shift in investment from London to the North, with developers requiring cheaper land.This shift was emphasised last year by the benefits of buying outside the capital. Eight or 10 homes in the northern regions could cost a similar amount to just one home in London, and yet investors get capital growth and more homes in their portfolio to rent. For a long time, the feeling has been that London is the place to buy as that’s where the most money has been made. However, in 2017, this myth was dispelled. We also saw buyers invest in areas of regeneration with improved transport infrastructure planned, and this was compounded by Philip Hammond’s announcement in the Autumn Budget for a £7bn expressway scheme for the OxfordCambridge corridor. The plan is for five new garden towns as well as new road and rail infrastructure1. While these sorts of mass 1 Autumn-Budget-2017-housing-stamp-duty-OxfordCambridge-garden-towns-cities-Philip-Hammond 2 3 one-five-construction-workers-building-homesforeign-born-putting/

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LEGO House, Billund, Denmark

Having recently celebrated its 60th anniversary, LEGO has been a family-favourite for many generations. The creativity and ingenuity boost these vividly-coloured building blocks contribute to children’s creative education is unparalleled and still stimulates the minds of youngsters today. So, just imagine the enchantment a life-size LEGO house would offer a child, and the nostalgia it would present to adults. That’s precisely what Copenhagen- and New York-based architectural firm, Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), has bestowed on the residents and tourists of Billund, Denmark; an out-of-this-world structure fabricated from one of the world’s favourite educational toys; LEGO.


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Pushing the boundaries

LEGO House, Billund, Denmark

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LEGO House, Billund, Denmark


IG’s LEGO House is a literal manifestation of the infinite possibilities of the LEGO brick. Through systematic creativity, children of all ages are empowered with the tools to create their own worlds and to inhabit them through play. At its finest, that is what architecture – and LEGO play – is all about; enabling people to imagine new worlds that are more exciting and expressive than the status quo – and to provide them with the skills to make them a reality.This is what children do every day with LEGO bricks – and this is what we have done at LEGO House with actual bricks, taking Billund a step closer towards becoming the capital for children,” comments Bjarke Ingels, Founding Partner at BIG.

The town’s centrepiece BIG and LEGO bring the toy scale of the classic LEGO brick to an architectural scale with the LEGO House project, forming vast


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exhibition spaces and public squares that embody the culture and values at the heart of all LEGO experiences. Due to its central location in the heart of Billund, the 23m-tall LEGO House is conceived as an urban space as much as an experience centre. 21 overlapping blocks are placed like individual buildings, framing a 2000m2 LEGO square that is illuminated through the cracks and gaps between the volumes.The plaza appears like an urban cave without any visible columns and is publicly accessible, allowing visitors and citizens of Billund to shortcut through the building. The LEGO square is energised by an urban character, welcoming locals and visitors to the cafe, restaurant, LEGO store and conference facilities. Above the square, a cluster of galleries overlap to create a continuous sequence of exhibitions. Each gallery is colour-coded in LEGO’s primary colours so wayfinding through the exhibitions becomes a journey through the colour spectrum.

LEGO House, Billund, Denmark

Colour influences Galleries and exhibitions Atop the Masterpiece Gallery, citizens and visitors can get a 360° panoramic view of the city. Some of the rooftops can be accessed via pixelated public staircases that double as informal auditoria for people watching or seating for performances.The History Collection at the lower level is where visitors can experience an archival immersion into the LEGO company and brand’s story.The Vault – located underneath LEGO Square – is where children and ‘AFoLs’ (Adult Fans of LEGO) can witness the first edition of almost every LEGO set ever manufactured, including the new 774-piece, 197-step kit replicating the stacked-block formation of the LEGO House.


The first and second floors include four play zones arranged by colour and programmed with activities that represent a certain aspect of a child’s learning – red is creative, blue is cognitive, green is social and yellow is emotional. Guests of all ages can have an immersive and interactive experience, express their imagination, and not least be challenged by meeting other builders from all over the world. The top of the building is crowned by the ‘Masterpiece Gallery’, a collection of LEGO fans’ beloved creations that pay tribute to the LEGO community. The Masterpiece Gallery is made of the iconic 2 x 4 LEGO brick and showcases art beneath eight circular skylights that resemble the studs of the brick. Like the golden ratio, the proportions of the brick are nested in the geometries of everything manmade in the building, from the glazed ceramic tiles in the steps and walls to the overall 21-block scheme.

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LEGO House, Billund, Denmark




Since the LEGO House will be at the city centre of the Capital of Children, we thought why not design it like a city centre – or rather a town square

We consolidated all the elements of the programme that have an outward-orientated everyday-like urban character around a central space: cafe, forum, LEGO store, ticket offices, wardrobe and restrooms, offices and loading



Placed like individual buildings framing a square, they allow daylight and views to pass between them while letting people enter from multiple directions and allowing shortcuts through the building – like crossing a plaza

Above the square, a cluster of galleries overlap to create a continuous sequence of exhibitions


06: MELT

At the top of the pile of bricks the Masterpiece Gallery provides a bridge between all the corners of the exhibition, and serves as a sky-lit gallery for LEGO as an art form

Two of the volumes seem to melt in a pixelated way to form informal auditoria for people watching or public performances

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LEGO House, Billund, Denmark ROOFSCAPE

Fact File: Project: LEGO House Year: 2017 Type: Competition Client: LEGO Collaborators: Cowi, Dr. Lüchinger+meyer Bauingenieure, Jesper Kongshaug, Gade & Mortensen Akustik, E-types Size: 12,000m2 Location: Billund, Denmark


Partners in charge: Bjarke Ingels, Finn Nørkjær, Brian Yang Project leader: Brian Yang Project manager: Finn Nørkjær Project architect: Snorre Nash


Project architect, facades: Snorre Nash Team Andreas Klok Pedersen, Agne Tamasauskaite, Annette Birthe Jensen, Ariel Joy Norback Wallner, Ask Hvas, Birgitte Villadsen, Chris Falla, Christoffer Gotfredsen, Daruisz Duong Vu Hong, David Zahle, Esben Christoffersen, Franck Fdida, Ioana Fartadi Scurtu, Jakob Andreassen, Jakob Ohm Laursen, Jakob Sand, Jakub Matheus Wlodarczyk, Jesper Bo Jensen, Jesper Boye Andersen, Julia Boromissza, Kasper Reimer Hansen, Katarzyna Krystyna Siedlecka, Katarzyna Stachura, Kekoa Charlot, Leszek Czaja, Lone Fenger Albrechtsen, Louise Bøgeskov Hou, Mads Enggaard Stidsen, Magnus Algreen Suhr, Manon Otto, Marta Christensen, Mathias Bank Stigsen, Michael Kepke, Ole Dau Mortensen, Ryohei Koike, Sergiu Calacean, Søren Askehave, Stefan Plugaru, Stefan Wolf, Thomas Jakobsen Randbøll, Tobias Hjortdal, Tommy Bjørnstrup.

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Openings: Doors, Windows & Louvres When digital marketing agency, The Bigger Boat, decided it wanted to make an impactful entrance to its new meeting room, the team turned to Deuren for inspiration

The pivotal potential of a feature door Within creative industries, the workspace can be the perfect canvas for showcasing originality. So what role can the humble door play? Ian Chubb, Managing Director of bespoke manufacturer Deuren, explores how a one-of-akind pivoting portal became a focal point of the office for digital marketing agency, The Bigger Boat.


here are a number of obvious ways that companies can give their office space a bit of a spruce – from a lick or two of paint and flowers on the desks to impressive murals and branded graphic displays. But while so much attention is given to walls, why is the potential of doors often overlooked? As a symbol for new beginnings


and possibilities, there isn’t a more fitting platform for imaginative design than a door. Plus, for visitors and employees alike, it can be the entryway to where the magic happens within a business. So, when digital marketing agency, The Bigger Boat, decided it wanted to make an impactful entrance to its new meeting room, the team turned to Deuren for inspiration.

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Tech specs: Size: 165 x 220 x 20mm Materials: Clad in split-faced wooden tiles Details: Pivot mechanism

The space Located within a converted mill in West Yorkshire, the agency’s rural surroundings are reflected within the office by artful hardwood and chipboard cladding. While the high ceilings and redbrick perimeter walls echo the site’s industrial past, a minimalist colour palette of white, black and yellow lends a fresh, clean aesthetic to the space. The new meeting room needed to be an area where ideas could flow, and that would reflect the creativity and professionalism of the team.

Openings: Doors, Windows & Louvres As an agency specialising in creative marketing solutions and modern website development, the directors wanted something non-traditional

By using advanced routing machinery, Deuren was able to create an irregular door shape that tessellates perfectly with the opening

The brief

The new meeting room needed to be an area where ideas could flow, and that would reflect the creativity and professionalism of the team

Sometimes when customers approach us with a door commission, they have a precise idea in their minds of what they want, and we create something to fit that brief. For other projects – including this one – it’s very much a collaborative process. We gauge the customer’s likes and dislikes, take on board their visual preferences and factor in their functional requirements, to devise a one-of-a-kind design. As an agency specialising in creative marketing solutions and modern website development, the directors wanted something non-traditional, which would fit into their established aesthetic and have an immediate impact as visitors entered the space.They approached us before the meeting room walls went up, which gave us greater freedom in imagining a feature door that would deliver real impact.

The agency’s rural surroundings are reflected within the office by artful hardwood and chipboard cladding

Taking this basic concept, we worked with the directors to design an unconventional, oversized pivot door that quite literally fits into its surroundings. By using advanced routing machinery, we were able to create an irregular door shape that tessellates perfectly with the opening and has the same tropical hardwood cladding for the outside panel as the office walls. Similarly, we matched the internal material to the oriented strand board (OSB) effect of the meeting room, making the entryway almost imperceptible from both perspectives when closed. The pivot mechanism is an exciting alternative to traditional hinges, ensuring a smooth movement and creating a flush effect when closed, which adds to the drama of the door when opened. For a door like this, the spectacle speaks for itself, and it has proven to be a pivotal design feature within the agency’s quirky office space.

The door

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Voice of the Industry

Driven by the demand for more predictability throughout the construction process, the resurgence in the off-site construction has resulted in increased levels of market activity and innovation

A framework for success Beyond the traditional light gauge steel framing markets, the development of volumetric modular and pod products is becoming increasingly important. Steel framing systems provide many of the characteristics that the design and manufacture of these solutions require. Steve Thompson, Managing Director of EOS Facades, discusses future trends and applications.


ecent Government announcements – underpinned by a number of industry reports and major investment declarations – is advancing the off-site sector. Driven by the demand for more predictability throughout the construction process, the resurgence in off-site construction has resulted in increased levels of market activity and innovation. Whilst the house-building industry appears to be grabbing many of the headlines, off-site construction is also rapidly expanding in other sectors. Building design and construction is the sum of many parts – some projects demand unique and one-off solutions, but for many, rapid and robust systems are required to get buildings on-stream and ready for occupation or commercial use. As the adoption of offsite technology by what has previously been a traditional industry is gaining momentum, now the transition to more repeatable, DfMA-led and comprehensive solutions is the next logical step.


Volumetric building modules are preassembled three-dimensional units that can be combined, stacked or linked to form complete permanent or relocatable buildings. This type of system is best suited to projects where modules form rooms, allowing extensive factory finishing and high levels of repeatability. The superstructure is more often formed from steel framing systems and frequently a combination of hot-rolled and light gauge steel. Presently, residential applications include single living accommodation units for MoD projects, student halls of residence and key worker housing sectors but applications in the mediumand high-rise Built to Rent (BTR) sector are becoming increasingly prevalent. Beyond residential applications, volumetric modular has been best suited to markets where the speed of programme and restricted site distribution are paramount such as hotels, healthcare treatment centres, schools and offices.

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The growing use of volumetric modular has seen an evolution in systems types.The main types of modules are light gauge steel, capable of six to 10 storeys depending on the system type. With the greater demand for medium- to high-rise applications, corner columns with hot-rolled or cold-formed stronger steel sections and more robust floors – often using concrete – have emerged. Developments in volumetric modular building technology are opening new opportunities for companies such as EOS Facades to design, manufacture and supply entire solutions or form part of a hybrid structure. Volumetric pods, on the other hand, are typically non-load-bearing, factoryfinished internally, complete with building services but not finished externally. Most commonly, the framing of the structure is either light steel frame or hot-rolled, hollow steel sections. Types of pods include washrooms, bath and shower rooms, kitchens and plant rooms.

Voice of the Industry

Artisan Place, Harrow, featuring POD technology

EOS has been involved in the development of pre-fabricated utility cupboards too; these systems, similar to volumetric pods, can be used on any project and there is no limit to how they can be customised to meet project requirements for fit-out of any space that requires building services. The preplumbed modules include a self-supporting frame, plumbing, waste connections and typically underfloor heating manifolds and MVHR solutions. On-site, the modules are lightweight and easy to handle, making installation even faster. Steel framing systems do not suffer from shrinkage or unpredictable differential movement, which affects other forms of construction. It is not predominately a single-sector or single-solution technology and can add value to a project ‘upstream’! The adaptability of steel results in systems being used in a variety of ways and forms to meet the demands of low-, mediumand high-rise developments across all construction sectors. Volumetric modules and pods further extend the appeal and specification; the steel framing sector is future-proof and ready to meet the demands of the construction industry. Off-site system manufacturers are operating in exciting times for the built environment; whatever the construction sector, there has never been a better time to capitalise on the raft of benefits that factorybased off-site technologies can deliver.

Whatever the construction sector, there has never been a better time to capitalise on the raft of benefits that factory-based off-site technologies can deliver

Volumetric building modules are preassembled three-dimensional units that can be combined, stacked or linked to form complete permanent or relocatable buildings

POD technology manufactured in factory-controlled environments

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Green Roofs Visualisations ©The Big Picture Visual

Meeting all demands “The high-rise building of Eindhoven confirms that it is possible to combine the great challenges of climate change with those of housing shortages. Urban forestry is not only necessary to improve the environment of the world’s cities but also an opportunity to improve the living conditions of less fortunate city dwellers,” declares Stefano Boeri. The client, Sint-Trudo, has been immensely keen on the construction of this building, which will have 125 social housing units. “The Trudo Vertical Forest sets new living standards. Each apartment will have a surface area of under 50m2 and the exclusive benefit of one tree, 20 shrubs and over 4m2 of terrace. “Thanks to the use of pre-fabrication, the rationalisation of technical solutions for the facade, and the consequent optimisation of resources, this will be the first Vertical Forest prototype destined for social housing,” states Francesca Cesa Bianchi, Project Director of Stefano Boeri Architetti. The Trudo Vertical Forest tower will be a 75m skyscraper whose facade will provide a home to 125 trees, 5200 shrubs and plants. It will create a green habitat in the metropolitan environment to facilitate the development of biodiversity, an authentic ecosystem with over 70 different plant species able to counteract atmospheric pollution, thanks to the capacity of trees to absorb over 50 tonnes of carbon dioxide every year.

A new cornerstone for design

Taking the concept of green roofs a considerable leap further, Milan-based architecture firm, Stefano Boeri Architetti, has announced the design of Trudo Vertical Forest of Eindhoven – a new social Urban Forestry project in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. This ‘Vertical Forest’ social housing project continues the Italian practice’s design activities in favour of sustainable architecture worldwide.


ollowing the Vertical Forest projects of Milan, Nanjing, Utrecht, Tirana, Lausanne and Paris – and after the global publication of the call-to-action video for Urban Forestry – comes the announcement of the new Vertical Forest to be constructed in the Netherlands, Eindhoven.


The TrudoVertical Forest will be the first Vertical Forest adopted by a social housing project. It is therefore destined for use by lowincome social groups, particularly young people with an urban lifestyle.The 19 floors of the tower will house apartments rented out at affordable rates and graced by balconies with hundreds of trees and plants in a wide variety of species.

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The green-eyed tower

The particular characteristic of the buildings in the Vertical Forest family is that of conceiving vegetation and living nature as actual cornerstones of the architectural projects, rather than mere ornamental elements. For the design of the plant component of the Trudo Vertical Forest, Studio Laura Gatti, managed by Agronomist Laura Gatti – who has contributed to the Vertical Forest in Milan and other urban forestry projects by Stefano Boeri Architetti – will work closely with Du Pré Groenprojecten in Helmond and the plant nursery Van den Berk in Sint-Oedenrode. Sint Trudo will handle the maintenance work. Following Milan, Lausanne, Nanjing, Paris, Tirana, Shanghai, Utrecht and Liuzhou Forest City, it is now the turn of Eindhoven, the latest piece to be added to a great urban forestry design by Stefano Boeri Architetti.

Green Roofs

Fact File:


Location: Strijp-S, Eindhoven, the Netherlands Client: Sint Trudo General contractor: Stam + De Koning

1 6

Architecture: Stefano Boeri Architetti 2

Partner: Stefano Boeri 3

Project director: Francesca Cesa Bianchi


Project leader: Paolo Russo


Team: Giulia Chiatante, Elisa Versari Inbo Project coordinator: Aron Bogers Landscape consultant: Studio Laura Gatti Facade consultant: SCE Project Structure: Adviesbureau Tielemans MEP engineer: Ten Hooven


Landscape contractor: Dupre 3. KITCHEN 4. LIVING ROOM


Visualisation: The Big Picture Visual


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Floorless pods – a useful option for projects where a continuous level floor finish is required or for DDA compliance requiring floors with no threshold.

How are pods installed?

Revolutionising construction – how factory-built bathrooms are driving efficiency Richard Tonkinson, Executive Director at Offsite Solutions, offers some practical advice for specifying bathroom pods.


athroom pods are now widely used for student residences, hospitals, hotels and housing – from luxury apartments to PRS and social housing. The approach uses off-site manufacturing to bring a range of benefits to improve the speed, quality and efficiency of construction. The number of activities and trades on site are radically reduced – from around 14 different operations to a single supplier, resulting in significant programme savings, quality improvements and waste reductions of up to 50%. On a large-scale, complex residential project, the programme saving can be as much as 20 weeks.This reduces the cost of site preliminaries, as well as waste removal and snagging.There is earlier occupation and a faster return on investment for the developer, and much greater certainty of completion on time and budget.

What are the different pod types? Steel-framed pods – offer a premium aesthetic and a high level of design flexibility. Applications include large-scale apartments, student residences and hotels.


GRP pods – widely used for student accommodation, social housing and hospitals. They require lower capital expenditure and are easy to maintain and clean. GRP pods from Offsite Solutions use a unique panellised system which creates vertical walls and 90° corners for improved aesthetics by avoiding tapered walls.

New innovations include: Hybrid concrete/steel pods – using a concrete base and steel-framed walls for high-specification luxury wetrooms. Demountable GRP pods – extending the application of GRP pods to refurbishment with the use of a sectional structure. In commercial-to-residential conversions and some new-build projects, there may not be access for fully-assembled pods. Panel sizes of a demountable GRP pod are designed to allow access, for example, via the main entrance or facade openings. Hybrid GRP pods – unique to Offsite Solutions, these allow an enhanced finish with options such as ceramic tiling, back-painted glass panels and recesses. Applications include PRS schemes.

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Factory-built bathrooms are delivered on a supply-only basis and the main contractor organises installation via the M&E contractor. The exception is demountable pods, where Offsite Solutions would undertake installation and assembly. It can take around 80 hours for a bathroom to be built on-site, requiring up to seven different trades plus drying times. A pod can be manufactured off-site in 14 hours by one supplier, which means improved quality, mitigating defects and remedial works.

Key specification considerations: Early engagement – essential to achieve optimum efficiency by designing pods into the early stages of a construction project.This allows pod installation to be accommodated in the build-up of walls and floors. Access – take account of access for delivery of the pods to site, particularly on constrained sites. Look at economies of scale – standardised designs with minimal variations allow cost savings and time efficiencies by using the repetition of the production process. A good manufacturer will have an extensive library of pod designs. Pods can be bespoke but allow for cost of modelling, prototyping, production engineering, production line set up – and manufacturing of GRP moulds. Rationalise the number of design types in size and shape, and variations, such as leftand right-hand versions, as far as possible. Integrating pods with building services – connections to services are made externally so access should be allowed for as part of the installation process. Connections from inside a pod are slower on site and affect quality. 8

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Wood, Plastics & Composites Interior staircase

©Foster + Partners and Nigel Young

Warmth, wellbeing and the wow factor

A major and ultra-prestigious application in the City of London could really put U.S. red oak on the European map.


he European market must, till now, have been something of a frustration for U.S. red oak suppliers. The species is America’s most prolific hardwood, so, in those terms, it’s most sustainable. In the U.S. itself, it’s used extensively in a huge range of construction, interiors and manufacturing applications, while other markets, such as China and Japan, also can’t get enough. But in Europe, red oak has lagged some way behind its ubiquitous U.S. white cousin in popularity. The market breakthrough it’s needed, say admirers, has been a major showcase project to demonstrate its aesthetic and performance appeal. Well now it has one – and wow. They don’t come much more major or more showcased than the just-opened 1.1 million square foot European headquarters of global financial data, software and media colossus, Bloomberg.


Designed by a Foster + Partners team, led by Norman Foster himself, the stunning City of London building is already being lined up for architectural awards. It’s also scored on the environmental front, achieving a record BREEAM rating for an office development of 98.5%. Making the building more significant for red oak still, Project Architect Michael Jones said the timber is not used in any token, decorative way. It’s core to the interior aesthetics and to delivering on the designer’s wellbeing and environmental goals. It’s also used in considerable quantities – 37,160m2 for the floor alone. To answer the question why wood in the first place, and so much of it, Mr Jones tracks back to initial conversations with Bloomberg CEO, Michael Bloomberg. “Previously, the company has occupied existing commercial space, but establishing their European headquarters, they felt, deserved something bespoke and tailored to the way they operate,” he said.

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“As well as expressing this through the architecture itself and while wanting the building to be very much of its own time, they also wanted it to be very contextual and historically rooted in its place through the palette of materials. Hence the extensive use of bronze and Derbyshire stone – 9000 tonnes of it – but equally timber, all of which you see quite typically around London. The task was to take these materials and use them in a fresh, innovative way.” Sustainability also led Foster + Partners to timber. “By this, we mean not only that timber is renewable, energyefficient, carbon-rich and all those other good things, but that it helps achieve sustainability in the broadest sense,” said Jones. “The sustainability of a building is also about the wellbeing of people – and people feel better in a place featuring natural materials.” While some discount red oak because of its pinkish hue it was this, combined with its technical properties, that actually helped decide its choice for Bloomberg and Foster + Partners. “We wanted a species with warmth that would mellow and mature with age,” said Mr Jones. The architects and client did consider other species, but cherry was discounted due to its tendency, in certain circumstances, towards significantly

Bloomberg pantry

©Foster + Partners and James Newton

Bloomberg view of north building

©Foster + Partners and James Newton

U.S. red oak interior flooring

©Foster + Partners and Nigel Young

darkening on exposure to light. It was also felt the white oaks of Europe and the USA would produce a finish that was too light in colour, with a more ‘yellowy hue’. The fact that the U.S. produces red oak in such volumes also played in its favour. “Although there were still times I was nervous about whether we’d get the amount we needed in the time allowed, and with the homogeneity of grain and colour required,” said Mr Jones, “we were asking an awful lot of the U.S. timber industry, but they rose to the occasion.” The significance of red oak to the interior aesthetic is obvious from the moment you enter the lobby. In fact, it helps make the building’s dramatic opening statement. Called the Vortex, this dramatic swirling space features 1858m2 of red oak cladding on its intersecting arching walls. “The Vortex is a literal and metaphorical modern twist on the timber-lined entrance hall you find in so many classical English buildings, particularly in London,” said Mr Jones. This application is also one example in the building, as he describes it, where innovation has overcome the potential challenges of using wood. “Having this much vertical cladding risked reverberation, so the timber was micro-perforated by laser. This makes it absorbent of sound, while the aesthetic is unaffected as the holes are so small.You can’t see them until you’re about 20mm from the surface,” he said. Red oak also features prominently in the multi-purpose room, a flexible space for meetings and presentations adjacent to the building’s auditorium. Here it is used in the form of glulam, a total of 1350m3, comprising the ‘fin walls’ which define the space. The daring decision also to use timber for the flooring came out of a New York meeting between Michael Bloomberg and Mr Jones and posed perhaps the biggest technical test. “We were talking about possible flooring types, and he just asked, why can’t we use wood?” said the latter. “The key reasons you don’t often see it in offices is footfall noise – and there is capacity for just shy of 7000 people in the Bloomberg building – and the need to access the services beneath. We wanted the aesthetic of a seamless, monolithic surface, but using conventional tongue and groove boards would cause huge problems getting to all the communication cabling and other systems.” Once more, innovation overcame technical and functional hurdles. Teaming up with contractor and building systems and

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©Foster + Partners

While each building is the result of conversation between client and architect, for sure, we may use more red oak. Bloomberg loves the result it’s delivered and so do we. – Foster + Partners Project Architect, Michael Jones

©Foster + Partners


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Wood, Plastics & Composites Bloomberg arcade

materials provider, Kingspan, Bloomberg devised a solution where individual boards could be lifted and refitted at will. “Each board has a magnetic strip running its length, which sticks it to the metal access floor below,” said Jones. “So you can sucker one up, lever up the surrounding boards then just drop them back into place.” This approach also means zero creaking, while the sound of footsteps is deadened by an additional acoustic layer between board and access floor. It’s also straightforward to replace any areas that suffer damage. So convinced was Kingspan by the flooring solution, the company has now brought it to market, and it’s already been used in a number of other projects. Using red oak in these various applications was also a logistical exercise. Over and above sourcing it – and it all had to be FSC-verified, sustainable or equivalent – and shipping it over the Atlantic, the Vortex panelling was laser perforated in Switzerland, the multi-purpose room glulam walls made in Germany and the flooring machined in Italy. The timber will need maintaining, but this should be minimal thanks to the combination of oil finish on the floor, lacquer on panelling and the material’s inherent natural durability. And, if added testimony to the latter were needed, it is also housed in the new building. It’s constructed on the site of the Roman temple of Mithras and fresh remains, including structural timber elements, were uncovered during foundation excavations. Among other discoveries were 400 timber writing tablets and some of these and other artefacts are now on public display in what Bloomberg describes as a ‘free new cultural destination’, the London Mithraeum, deep in its building’s basement. As to whether the project will inspire Foster + Partners to use red oak again, Mr Jones’ response is why not? “We used to be best known for our use of steel and glass, but the commercial market is changing, and we’re using more timber generally,” he said. “Businesses now want their buildings to have a different sense of personality and be more responsive to people who work in them. “Timber is rather successful in delivering both these things. People warm to it, and it makes them feel better about their environment. And, while each building is the result of conversation between client and architect, for sure, we may use more red oak. Bloomberg loves the result it’s delivered and so do we.”

©Foster + Partners and Nigel Young

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Thermal & Moisture Protection

Masonry and water-repellency Hudson Lambert, Director of Safeguard Europe, considers the issue of penetrating damp in new and converted properties, and how modern masonry treatments can solve the problem.


ater ingress into masonry is an age-old problem. Many building stones are naturally porous, and the external walls of many older properties – residential or nonresidential – encountered in conversion will be constructed with bricks that are considerably more porous than would be permitted today. Walls constructed from porous materials soak up water every time it rains – often acting as a conduit for rainwater to permeate through to the inner face of the wall where it presents itself as damp patches or blistering paintwork. They are also less thermally resistant than dry walls, which means that heat loss from the affected building is increased. Test work carried out by the University of Portsmouth showed that a modern brick lost half its insulation value when fully saturated with water, and a study by English Heritage has shown that the loss of insulation value can be even higher for more porous historic bricks – as would be the case using salvaged/ reclaimed in new buildings.


Of course, not all rain penetration through masonry is caused by the porosity of materials; defects such as cracks, faulty pointing and poorly sealed doors and windows are a primary cause of many penetration problems. However, where masonry is particularly porous, it can be a major contributing factor, and for this reason, there have been efforts over many years to develop products that can be used to reduce the permeability of such masonry. In new properties, defects are typically a function of craftsmanship issues, such as poor detailing and, for instance, poorly installed or designed proprietary dry verge systems that shed water onto gable-end walls rather than taking it to the eaves (this can be identified by heavy streaking down brickwork). Remedial measures can be taken to waterproof porous brick in conversions and renovated properties, and to protect new brickwork with pre-emptive treatment; by way of applying colourless masonry water-repellents that have been designed to reduce the permeability of masonry without affecting its appearance.

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Early attempts to achieve this kind of protection involved liquids made by dissolving waxes or linseed oil in a solvent. These were simply painted or sprayed onto masonry and could block rain penetration for a time. However, they were vulnerable to discolouration and could often become sticky and attract dirt.Their main disadvantage was that they worked by blocking pores of masonry, trapping moisture in walls and preventing it from evaporating. These days, the most effective masonry water-repellents are based on silicones. The main reasons for this are that modern silicone water-repellents form an incredibly long and lasting bond with most types of masonry and that they line the pores of masonry rather than blocking them – allowing the masonry to ‘breathe’. The first silicone water-repellents were simple solutions of silicone resins in carrier solvents such as white spirit. Once applied, these formed a resin coating on the masonry surface and suffered from the same drawbacks as other resin solutions such as linseed oil-based products – i.e. they blocked the pores of the masonry and trapped moisture. The 1970s saw the introduction of water-repellents based on specialised silicones. These were still solvent-based, but the molecules were smaller than silicone resin molecules, allowing them to penetrate below the surface of the masonry. Their water-repellent effect was partially derived from lining the pores of the masonry, rather than blocking them, which meant that treated masonry retained a degree of breathability. Further developments in the 1980s saw the introduction of another class of silicones known as alkoxysilanes. These had an even smaller molecular size which allowed deeper penetration into masonry and improved breathability. These developments meant that by the mid-1980s solvent-based silane/siloxane water-repellents were available that combined excellent water-repellency with high levels of breathability (<10% reduction in water vapour permeability). The best products had long life-spans (often more than 10 years) compared with cheaper products based on metal stearates which typically broke down the effects of UV radiation from the sun within two to four years. However, penetration depths were limited to a few millimetres which limited their performance as even the smallest surface crack could allow wind-driven rain to pass behind the treated layer. In terms of performance, the solventbased silane/siloxane water-repellents were not improved upon until the introduction

Thermal & Moisture Protection

of masonry water-repellent creams, such as Stormdry, in the 2000s. These also utilised silanes and siloxanes as their active ingredients but formulated into a high-build cream that allowed deeper penetration into the masonry (>10mm in Fletton bricks for the best formulations). Masonry water-repellent creams appear white when applied to masonry, but become colourless once the cream has penetrated. The proportion of active ingredients as well as the blend of silanes and siloxanes varies considerably between different cream formulations so it is difficult to make generalisations. However, the high penetration depth of good quality masonry water-repellent creams provides longer life expectancy – largely since any molecules of active ingredient more than 2mm beneath the surface of the masonry cannot be attacked by ultraviolet light. In the case of Stormdry, accelerated ageing tests carried out by independent laboratories suggest a life expectancy more than 25 years. A further benefit of cream formulations is that they are much easier to apply around details such as doors and windows than liquid products which tend to be applied by spray. The durability of silicone waterrepellents is largely due to the strong covalent bond that they form with the silicon atoms present in most masonry materials including brick, mortar and sandstone. However, certain masonry materials such as pure limestones do not contain these silicon atoms and, consequently, the performance of siliconebased water-repellents is reduced on these substrates. These substrates can be treated through specialist techniques and product selection, but it is advisable to seek technical advice from the product manufacturer before doing so. Safeguard Europe’s range of market-leading, proven damp-proofing solutions is supported by the company’s own highly qualified and experienced staff.The support and knowhow it offers is extended to contractors, specifiers and property owners and includes technical advice, specification help, research and even in-house laboratory analysis of plaster and masonry. A new CPD seminar created by Safeguard Europe offers an in-theworkplace CPD called ‘Dealing with Penetrating Damp’ which sets out four steps to help architects, builders and other building professionals to deal with both the causes of penetrating damp and the factors which can exacerbate the problem.

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Off-Site Construction One of Caledonian’s most significant industry achievements is the recent project at Hinkley Point C power station – designing, building and delivering nearly 1500, three-star hotel-style accommodation modules for the project’s key workers

A smart solution to the housing crisis Paul Lang, Chief Executive Officer at Caledonian, looks at how modular and off-site construction can help to alleviate the housing crisis in the UK.


he number of homeless households in England has risen to more than 50,000 a year, with many of the people affected living in temporary accommodation and almost 2000 living without a roof over their heads. As a result, pressure is mounting on housing associations, local authorities and developers to build new homes quickly and costeffectively to alleviate the problem. However, to meet increasing demand, the Government would need to commission the construction of approximately 250,000 new homes each year, through to 2030. Current annual construction levels sit around 50% of this figure, with only 63% of traditional construction projects delivered on time, and only 49% delivered to budget. It is clear to see that conventional building techniques, while still integral, cannot meet the challenge alone. This creates a unique opportunity for off-site construction to become the key building method to meet the demand in the housing industry, with analysts predicting that 2018 will be the breakthrough year


for modular. More than 15,000 homes in Britain are built annually using this method. However, according to 2017’s Housing White Paper, the Government intends increased utilisation of off-site technologies and increased access to finance, with the aim of raising the total number of modular homes built each year to 100,000 by 2020. In preparation, we recently signed a collaborative partnership agreement with Arcadis, the leading global design and consultancy firm for natural and built assets. Focusing specifically on the residential sector, we will work alongside the company to develop new modular designs and to build additional capacity in the commercial and technical delivery of new housing. As part of the partnership, Arcadis will bring residential insight and expertise, along with design and construction management support. This will allow us to focus on our manufacturing and delivery capacity. It means that, together, we can offer a fully integrated housing solution, from initial design concept, through to manufacturing, construction and project completion.

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Smarter choice Compared to building using traditional methods, the residential sector benefits enormously from off-site construction. More than 80 to 90% of the work can be completed in a factory, like our Newark-based facility, a quality-controlled environment, unaffected by the weather or skills shortages on site. This significantly reduces the likelihood of delays to the project. In addition, off-site offers minimal disruption to the surrounding community by ensuring rapid build and significantly reducing deliveries and activities to site. Suitable to more than just housing, offsite construction delivers a raft of benefits in all sectors – schools, hotels, communal buildings, further and higher education, retail, commercial outlets and health; amongst others. Offering a full turnkey solution, we design and build to an exacting specification, offer a wide range of finishes and roofing options, and a design that fits seamlessly alongside any existing structures. Furthermore, manufacturing off-site, in itself, creates a safer workplace, being a

Off-Site Construction EDF Energy took the decision early in the project to commission Caledonian for the Hinkley Point C project, with completion in as little as six weeks from the modules arriving on site

In summary Modular technology not only helps to alleviate the housing crisis sooner, but it can also increase the capacity of the construction industry by making more productive use of

Suitable to more than just housing, off-site construction delivers a raft of benefits in all sectors – schools, hotels, communal buildings, further and higher education, retail, commercial outlets and health; amongst others

labour and skills, and offer greater certainty in scheduling, along with additional quality, performance and safety benefits. With modular construction a key theme in the Government’s Housing White Paper, increasing needs for permanent accommodation, increased environmental

requirements, higher quality expectations, and increasing skill shortages in traditional construction trades, modular housing is expected to increase in popularity within the residential sector this year.

more controlled environment, requiring less need for working at height. Modular is also more economical and kinder to the environment, with a dramatic reduction in waste and the consumption of materials such as cement, compared to traditional build methods. One of the most significant industry achievements is our recent project at Hinkley Point C power station – designing, building and delivering nearly 1500, threestar hotel-style accommodation modules for the project’s key workers. Like any project of this scale, a large influx of workers would place undue stresses on an already tight local housing market. EDF Energy took the decision early in the project to commission Caledonian, with completion in as little as six weeks from the modules arriving on site. Manufacturing to permanent building standards at our Newark facility, in at least half the time it would have taken had they been constructed traditionally, we delivered to site an incredible 96% complete, all en-suite rooms fully fitted-out, including external cladding. The campus is expected to operate for six and a half years, after which the buildings will be removed, re-sited and re-used, with some key infrastructure remaining and gifted to the local community for housing and redevelopment needs, leaving a lasting legacy.

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Fire Safety Event Preview

10th April 2018 The keynote theatre will boast three sessions on day one, beginning with Advanced’s Neil Parkin delivering an address on how to eliminate false alarms.This will be followed by a mock trial on the Fire Safety Order, which will be led by Warren Spencer who has prosecuted more than 120 cases under the order. Dr Bob Docherty will also deliver a session titled ‘Passport to Fire Safety’, which will focus on ensuring your workplace is compliant with fire safety laws. The Fire and Evacuation Theatre will host a session on the devastating effects of fires on trains, buses and at sea and how to take steps to mitigate against the risks and a panel debate on how to safely evacuate premises.

The Fire Safety Event returns to NEC, Birmingham, from 10 to 12th April boasting an unparalleled line up of legal updates and best practice seminar sessions delivered by leading fire safety industry experts.


ore than 5000 visitors are expected to attend the event across the three days and will have free access to CPD-accredited seminar sessions.The Fire Safety Event is co-located with the Health & Safety Event and the Facilities Event and the fire safety exhibition boasts 40 leading manufacturers including Advanced, Klaxon, C-Tec, Checkmate Fire, BT Redcare, Kingspan, Patol, Apollo, EMS, FireClass, Fike and many more. The event is being backed by a number of key associations in the fire sector – including the Institution of Fire Engineers, Rail Industry Fire Association, the Association for Specialist Fire Protection, British Automatic Fire


Sprinkler Association, Institute of Fire Safety Managers, Association of Insurance Surveyors and the National Association of Healthcare Fire Officers, BAFE and SSIAB – who have agreed to exhibit and speak at the event. Attendees will have access to more than 20 hours of seminars, which is being split across two theatres – the Fire Safety Keynote Theatre (sponsored by Advanced) and the Fire and Evacuation Theatre. In addition, visitors are invited to attend breakfast briefings on all three days where they will enjoy refreshments while networking and enjoying sessions on cladding fires (10th April), fire protection in tall buildings (11th April) and protecting buildings with sprinklers (12th April).

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Highlights from day two include a corporate manslaughter mock trial, which will be delivered on behalf of Turner and Townsend by Gerard Forlin QC from Cornerstone Barristers. Other sessions include guidance on how to evacuate safely during terrorist attacks and how to identify a competent contractor to carry out fire safety work. Kingspan’s Mark Harris will address the key topic of fire safety of insulated panels and facade systems, which has become a mainstream focus in recent months.There will also be a panel debate on fire safety in hospitals, which will explain how to keep patients and premises safe in the event of a fire and key steps to prevent fires.

12th April 2018 The final day will include keynote sessions on passive fire protection – complying with the law, lessons learned from the Grenfell Tower fire and how to protect vulnerable people during fires. C-Tec will also deliver a session on how to ensure your visual alarm devices are legally compliant.There will be one final panel debate on reliable protection and safe evacuation of premises. You can attend the Fire Safety Event for free so register now and reserve your place for any of the seminar sessions on offer via the website.

The Fire Safety Event returns to the NEC this April

11th April 2018



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The smarter way to access news and products for the sustainable building market. With its easy-to-navigate format, users can benefit from a variety of useful tools, such as the magazine’s latest issue, digital archive, suppliers and newsbank. The App is also synced with SBP Library ( providing an essential specification portal. | Bespoke, reader-friendly features tailored to professionals on the move | | Timely industry news delivered at the touch of a button | | Manage print & digital subscriptions |

Build Focus: Residential Amongst the properties constructed as part of Lower Riverside is ‘The Lighterman’, a 223-unit apartment building with interiors designed by the worldrenowned Conran + Partners


elivering 15,720 new homes across seven neighbourhoods, each with their own distinct personality and design focus, the project from London-based entrepreneurial urban developer, Knight Dragon, emphasises community, lifestyle and the waterside location. The ‘Lower Riverside’ neighbourhood of the Greenwich Peninsula has been designed as a laid-back, tranquil neighbourhood. Amongst the properties constructed as part of Lower Riverside is ‘The Lighterman’, a 223-unit apartment building with interiors designed by the world-renowned Conran + Partners and a three-storey glazed cube on the roof that will glow at night. The building has been designed by CJCT architects and facade engineer, Buro Happold, was involved in the decisionmaking to ensure that the scheme’s cladding specification meets the demands of the design brief, both now and in the future. Explains Rob Foster from CJCT: “The final design for The Lighterman is quite different from the original planning consent because Knight Dragon was keen to step beyond the homogenous residential tower to create distinct communities at Greenwich Peninsula that are connected by form and materiality. “The cladding strategy for The Lighterman had to deliver those goals by creating a prestige finish at eye-level that will stand the test of time and complement the aesthetic and colour palette of the Lower Riverside community. Buro Happold’s comparative study of various facade materials confirmed that Shackerley’s SureClad ceramic granite system would achieve the required finish and maintain its appearance and durability over time.”

High-end aesthetics

Prestige first impression at Lower Greenwich Peninsula

Billed as a ‘new London’, a ‘blank slate’ and an ‘almost island’ opportunity to create a completely different urban environment, the Greenwich Peninsula masterplan is possibly the most ambitious regeneration project the UK has ever seen.


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Boasting panoramic views across the Thames and arranged around a courtyard garden, The Lighterman has a striking design with a projecting frame, which is enveloped with white speckled facade cladding. This creates a contrast of both colour and texture with the recessed curtain walling and rainscreen providing a threedimensional aesthetic to the facade that adds interest to the building and changes the effect of its appearance depending on proximity and perspective. Rob continues: “The Lighterman tower has a tripartite composition defined by the elegant white textured frame that provides shadow and depth to the facades. A considered pattern of full-height windows and metallic cladding that is held within the elegant frame provides a richness of texture and warm tones.”

Build Focus: Residential

Long-term performance The facade system’s visual interplay with its waterside location was just one of the considerations for the specification.The Buro Happold study of suitable ventilated cladding systems and materials included consideration of the facade’s service life, its durability and its ability to maintain its high-end aesthetic and pale colour over time. Rob comments:“The waterfront location for The Lighterman makes it a very desirable residential scheme and all the units were sold before the building was complete. “However, the urban riverside site also presents challenges in choosing materials that can withstand the rigours of a polluted atmosphere, thanks to the combination of poor London air quality with the saline environment of the Thames when it reaches as far east as Greenwich. It was clear from the comparative tests that the SureClad ceramic granite facade system from Shackerley was by far the most robust to resist weathering and contaminants over time and maintain both its integrity and appearance.”

delivered to site on a just-in-time basis to avoid storage requirements on the constricted site.

First impressions Construction of The Lighterman is now complete with the interior fit-out currently in its final stages. From within the building, the views of the city are the stars of the show, with urban panoramas and identifiable landmarks in every direction. On the ground, the quality and contrast of the facade combine with the luxury of the double-height atrium lobby to create a residential building with huge impact and timeless elegance. Rob concludes:“With a prestigious residential development like The Lighterman, first impressions count.That’s why it was so important to use high-quality cladding materials on the lower storeys of the building, creating an impressive approach to the building for years to come.”

Shackerley’s SureClad ceramic granite was selected to complement the colour palette for the Lower Riverside community, creating synergy with the surrounding new-build developments. The natural finish of the material also gives it texture and sheen, creating subtle variations in the building’s appearance depending on the level of natural sunlight, the time or day and reflections from the water.

Buro Happold’s comparative study of various facade materials confirmed that Shackerley’s SureClad ceramic granite system would achieve the required finish

Robust system Comparatively lightweight and robust with none of the natural fissures and imperfections associated with quarried stone, Shackerley’s ceramic granite is ideally suited to residential towers like The Lighterman. An impermeable material, ceramic granite will not fade or degrade over time and will resist algae growth and graffiti.The material provides exceptional durability in all climatic extremes, offering excellent freeze/thaw resistance. It is also noncombustible, meeting Class 0 standards. The Queen’s Award-winning SureClad Access system used to install the large-format ceramic granite enables rapid and nonsequential installation of facade panels, allowing cladding works to be scheduled around other site-based activities during the critical final stages of the build. Shackerley pre-fabricated all the 1190 x 1990 SureClad panels for the project at the company’s ISO 9001 quality-assured production facility in Lancashire, along with a number of specially-designed bracketed sections to simplify cladding of the beam details. All installation-ready panels were

Boasting panoramic views across the Thames and arranged around a courtyard garden, The Lighterman has a striking design with a projecting frame

Shackerley’s SureClad ceramic granite was selected to complement the colour palette for the Lower Riverside community, creating synergy with the surrounding new-build developments

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CPD Focus

FILA focuses on tile safety in new RIBAapproved CPD

Wetroom Design and Specification CPD from CCL Wetrooms The popular Wetroom Design and Specification CPD from CCL Wetrooms guides architects through the process of designing and specifying a watertight wetroom.


un free of charge at a time to suit your practice, the 45-minute technical presentation is a comprehensive seminar covering all aspects of wetroom design and specification. This includes wetroom design and layout, waterproofing, drainage, floor build-up and installation. An informative section on how wetrooms can help meet the Lifetime Homes Standard is also covered within the session. Howard Ball, CCL Wetrooms’ Director, commented:“The Wetroom Design and Specification CPD will provide architects with in-depth knowledge of the wetroom specification process, that we hope will enable all participants to confidently design and specify wetrooms across their residential, hotel and leisure sector projects.” The seminar includes a 15-minute question and answer session and all participants will receive a certificate upon completion.The face-toface session enables the presenter to respond immediately with advice on any current wetroom projects that architects are working on. CCL Wetrooms is a UK-leading manufacturer of wetroom systems and waterproofing membranes and has been providing architects and house developers with high-quality drainage and waterproofing solutions across the commercial and residential sectors for over 30 years. *

( 0844 327 6002 8


FILA has introduced a new RIBA-approved CPD presentation, entitled ‘Ceramic and porcelain – how a correct cleaning regime can safeguard slip resistance’.The new seminar examines surface maintenance and its importance in terms of health and safety, giving advice on the correct specification, with examples of high-profile UK case studies.With slips and trips a major cause of injury, FILA’s new seminar discusses the link between poor maintenance regimes and, in particular, an inadequate ‘initial clean’.Tile finishes are examined, as well as issues surrounding sealer specification and the use of acid and alkaline-based detergents. FILA then presents best practice advice, in terms of product specification, methods and maintaining slip ratings. *

( 01584 877286 8

Saint-Gobain Weber introduces WeberSpec and RIBA-approved CPD Saint-Gobain Weber manufactures a range of high-quality products for professional tile fixers and applicators and is recognised for bringing innovative, highperformance technologies to the market.“WeberSpec is a completely free M40 specification

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tool constructed on an easy-touse platform, but when advice is required, our technical team is on hand,” says Tracey Dempster, Head of Marketing at Saint-Gobain Weber.“To support WeberSpec, we have also introduced a new RIBA-assessed CPD,‘Floor Tiling onto Calcium Sulphate Screeds’. This is a subject frequently raised by architects, contractors and applicators with our technical team.” The main learning aim of the new CPD is to assist in the design and specification process. *

( 08703 330070 8

Vortice runs RIBA-approved CPD sessions covering MVHR Vortice is running a series of RIBA-approved CPD seminars this year.The first two focus on mechanical heat recovery systems, one for the domestic market and one for commercial applications. Named ‘Why ventilation with heat recovery is the right choice’ and ‘Commercial mechanical ventilation with heat recovery guide’, each seminar lasts between 45 minutes and an hour, including time for questions. Russell Beardsworth from Vortice said:“With indoor air quality coming much higher up the agenda for everyone involved in specifying projects, we realised that there was a need to explain the impact of legislation, recent innovations in heat recovery systems and the effect they can have on the health of a property and its occupants.” *

( 01283 492949 8

steam sho wer constr ucted from Schlüter ®K E R D I- B O ARD waterproo f, cement fr ee backer boar d and seale d with Schlüter ®K E R D I- D S

Schlüter ®KERDI waterproo fing membr an


Schlüter ®D IT R A - H E AT electric und ertile heatin - E - D U O g and s reduction fo r wall and fl ound oors

Schlüter ®D IL E X movement joint Schlüter ®to complem P R O F IL E S ent tile and stone

Schlüter ®D IT R A 2 5 uncoupling and CE mar ked waterproo fing

Schlüter ®BE hydronic un K O T E C - T H E R M derfloo modular scr r heating and eed system


Schlüter®-SUBSTRATES When specifying substrates, you need a system you can trust. Our Schlüter®-BEKOTEC floor assembly systems and Schlüter®-KERDI-BOARD substrate for walls, offer flexible, easy-to install substrate solutions, suitable for use in commercial and residential installations with tile and stone coverings. Backed up by expert technical support, whenever, wherever you need it. Making the decision to choose SchlüterSystems even easier. To find out more call 01530 813396 or visit

HVAC/HVP Simon Parker is President and General Manager of Nortek Global HVAC UK’s Light Commercial Division

Major brands join up under Reznor In February 2018, HVAC brands, Ambirad, Airbloc, Benson and Reznor were brought together under a single brand: Reznor.


ach of these brands form part of Nortek Global HVAC UK, and by combining their respective offerings, the business simplifies the customer experience by providing a single point of contact for all HVAC solutions. The HVAC brand transition coincides with a number of new product developments and a portfolio that is now fully compliant with the Energy-related Products (ErP) regulations. Simon Parker, President and General Manager of Nortek Global HVAC UK’s Light Commercial Division, heads up the Reznor brand in the UK and beyond. He comments: “We want to better serve our customers. By offering a diverse but cohesive portfolio, we can offer clarity for our customers by taking out complexity and portfolio duplications.We are focused on becoming a solution provider, rather than just a product supplier. By unifying


under the Reznor brand, we can commit to meeting our customers’ expectations, delivering superior customer experience, and building upon Reznor to become the preferred HVAC brand. “The move to Reznor has been addressed with great care so that we do not create disruption,” continues Parker. “Existing warranties and maintenance contracts in the other brand names will be honoured. Our customers will be notified about our strategic intent and how that will affect them. We believe it’s a positive move for all concerned.” With one dominant brand under Reznor, the company is looking to create economies of scale and to invest further in R&D to keep new products coming to market, as well as improving customer service. Andrew Field will be Reznor’s dedicated National Sales Manager for the

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UK. He will lead a team of area sales and business development managers. Parker adds that specifying and buying Reznor products will be made easier with an updated online presence.“Moving from a multiple brand setting to a single leading brand for the UK will be reflected in our online presence,” he comments.“We want to make it easier to do business with us, so we opted for a ‘pre-sales’ portal and a complimentary ‘post-sales’ portal to fully serve our site visitors. Both portals will reflect our renewed proposition, be fully up-to-date on our 2018 ErP-compliant product offering, and be easily accessible via mobile technology.”


* ( 01384



Rinnai hot water – instant, continuous, limitless and sensibly economic Installers, specifiers and end-users’ installers have the most practical and economically viable solution for all domestic and commercial hot water heating and delivery needs in Rinnai’s comprehensive range of energy-efficient, A-rated, electronically controlled continuous flow gas-fired units and systems. The natural gas or LPG water heaters guarantee a limitless supply of accurately temperature controlled safe and usable hot water, time after time to any type or size of site or application.The Rinnai range delivers energy-saving performance and low greenhouse emissions through new low-NoX burner technology. Water temperature is and can be pre-set through easy-to-use built-in digital controls, eliminating the risk of scalding and potentially eradicating the need for thermostatic mixing valves. Water can be used simultaneously at several points of delivery with no fluctuation of

temperature.The newly-updated Rinnai Infinity range is designed for use directly off the mains, with no need for large, ungainly and energyinefficient storage vessels. For example, Rinnai’s Infinity 16i continuous flow water heater is designed to meet the hot water needs of domestic and light commercial applications.The Infinity 16i, weighing just 18kg and measuring less than 675 (H) x 139mm (W), has a delivery capacity of 15.2 litres per minute, at a temperature rise of 25°. Rinnai Heavy Duty water heaters are high-efficiency gas continuous flow water heaters with outputs up to 69kW. The Rinnai

AIR EXPERTS for over 40 years

Heavy Duty HD50i Internal water heater is a wall-hung, gas-fired, continuous flow water heater capable of producing hot water at 770 litres per hour at a 50°C rise.The HD50i has a 125mm concentric flue which can be extended up to 15m, less 1m per 45° bend. All Rinnai internal HDC condensing continuous flow water heaters are roomsealed, power flue appliances while the external weatherproof models have forced exhaust which enables them to be compact, saving both floor and wall space. 8 * ( 01928

531870 Interior and exterior design inspiration

The comprehensive online specification portal for interior and exterior design professionals. in+ex inspires the design community with the latest news, on-trend products and high-profile interviews.

The air you breathe is important, for indoor air quality solutions contact Vortice

01283 492949 Search ‘inex’

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CIBSE-accredited seminar explores heat interface unit test standard from BESA

Evinox Energy has launched a new CIBSE-accredited CPD seminar following the introduction of the first UK test standard for heat interface units from BESA (British Engineering Services Association). This new standard is regarded as an important step towards improving the overall performance of British district heating schemes, and its key objective is to enable the performance of different

HIUs to be evaluated within the context of typical UK operating conditions. Thereby enabling heat network developers to consider the performance of specific HIUs against design requirements.

Until now, it has been a common misconception that heat interface units are ‘one size fits all’; results from the BESA tests show that this certainly isn’t the case for today’s modern systems – the network design and HIU specification must be closely matched to ensure optimum performance and the HIU must deliver the widest delta T and lowest return temperatures possible in all operational modes. The Evinox seminar explores all aspects of the test regime and discusses how for the first time, designers and specifiers will be able to see the impact of a specific HIU on their network. Entitled ‘Understanding the BESA Test Standard for HIUs (VWARTS and All)’, the seminar is accredited by the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) and provides credits towards consulting engineers’ CPDs. This 60-minute seminar is ideal for M&E consultants or housing providers interested in finding out more about the latest standard for communal and district heating systems and can be held at client’s premises or the Evinox Energy offices in Chessington. 8 * ( 01372


Rinnai hot water – Infinity 1600 offers lowest low-NoX guaranteed Rinnai, the UK-leading manufacturer of the ErP A-rated Infinity range of continuous flow condensing gas-fired water heaters, supplies one of the best energy-efficient ranges of low-NoX water heating units currently on the market. Advanced condensing heat exchangers combined with innovative down firing premix burner technology ensures that every cubic metre of natural gas or LPG is used to the maximum in the Infinity HDC 1600. The renewables-ready units are suitable for use as a temperature booster for solar thermal and heat pump installations. The HDC1600 is also future-proofed against future regulatory and legislative changes. The Rinnai low-NoX Infinity HDC 1600 external wall-mounted unit (together with the interior HDC 1600i version) utilises Rinnai’s patented pre-mix burner technology with a 14-1 turndown ratio


– the largest on the market – of 58.4 to 4.05kW and is ultra-quiet in operation. Integral controls on the units also enable the water heater to achieve high efficiencies whether locally or when integrated into a building management system. Legionella proliferation is reduced significantly by Rinnai; the company has developed additional ‘SMART’ controls for secondary return DHW systems in the form of an advanced temperature control system which allows for safe running of water at 42°C core temperature during the day and 60°C at a time when the building is closed. By the time the building reopens, core temperature is 42°C for safe use.

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Another Rinnai innovation addresses an age-old industry problem with hot water delivery – limescale build-up. The company’s integrated scale control system is an innovative solution and comes in the form of an LC (lime check) code on the display of the controller.

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HVAC/HVP Spirotech appoints new chief commercial officer Heat pump continues to deliver savings

Dinomite is benefiting from savings thanks to a heat pump installed by Finn Geotherm. Located at Roarr! Dinosaur Adventure Park in Lenwade. Heating in Dinomite was previously provided by two LPG boilers. With the adventure park open 363 days a year, costs for keeping the building warm were proving costly. Finn Geotherm specified and installed a Lämpöässä T120 ground source heat pump with 2000 litre superheat thermal store to provide all the building’s heating and hot water.The system was linked to 6km of horizontal collector loop. A combination of Jaga LST radiators and roof-mounted warm air heaters circulate the heat around the building. 8 * ( 01953 453240

Spirotech, a global expert in HVAC system protection and water conditioning, has appointed Paul de Bruin as Chief Commercial Officer (CCO). The decision further strengthens Spirotech’s position as a global leader in innovation and sustainability within the sector, reinforcing its commitment to achieving the best possible outcome for customers. Paul will be based at Spirotech’s head office in the Netherlands and one of his main responsibilities as CCO will be to set market trends through a service-led approach that places customer feedback at the centre of its strategy. He will also be responsible for promoting the ongoing development of proven products in air and waste separation. * ( 0492 578989


Vortice launches new website

Vortice has launched its new website for the UK market at site is mobile-friendly and in keeping with the group’s corporate websites around the world. Customers can order online, view technical details for each product and compare different products by specification. Finance and Marketing Manager, Hayley Powell, said:“We hope our customers find our new UK website easy to access, navigate and purchase from. It contains a mine of information about all of our products as well as details about our CPD programme and BPEC installers training course.” The new website includes details of distributors around the UK as well as downloadable product catalogues. * ( 01283 492949



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Floors, Walls & Ceilings

The beautifully furnished en-suites accompanying each guestroom not only required complete waterproofing, but also a not-inconsiderable degree of levelling and smoothing due to the age of the building ©Mark Ashbee

Waterproofing a west country vision In looking for a full tanking solution for the en-suite bathrooms of renowned Chef Michael Caines’ dream project, stone specialist Devon Stone elected to use various forms of the multi-functional tile backer board Schlüter-KERDI-BOARD.


he project took a Grade II Listed Georgian manor house and converted it into a striking contemporary country house hotel with 21 guestrooms. As well as gourmet cuisine and luxurious yet subtle interiors, Lympstone Manor has pride of place overlooking the Exe Estuary, a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) due to the wildlife it supports.

Insight Area: bathrooms (floors and walls) Action: providing a smooth and waterproof substrate for marble. The beautifully furnished en-suites accompanying each guestroom not only required complete waterproofing, but also a not-inconsiderable degree of levelling and smoothing due to the age of the building. “Given the nature of the project, if water had managed to cause an issue, it would have cost a considerable amount to put right,” says Simon Willmott, Sales Director at Devon Stone. “We needed a reliable solution and, in our eyes, there was no other option better for the job than Schlüter; their product knowledge and expertise is unrivalled in the UK. “In converting a Grade II Listed house built in 1760 into a luxury hotel, the


main challenges were in straightening and strengthening the walls and floor without changing levels,” continues Simon. “Schlüter-KERDI-BOARD was a great help in allowing us to achieve this.” The walls and floors within the project were constructed of 18mm plywood, with the former being lined with 12.5mm KERDIBOARD and the latter with a mix of 5 and 12.5mm KERDI-BOARD, depending upon floor heights.The boards were then sealed with KERDI-KEBA and KERDI-COLL-L to form a fully waterproof base for the highcalibre materials that were being installed, which included Crema Marfil, Estromoz and Nero Marquina marble, as well as Peruvian travertine, all in 600 x 600 x 20mm sizings. Devon Stone also made use of specialist KERDI-BOARD variant, Schlüter-KERDIBOARD-V, to waterproof the curved shower walls that were a feature in some of the bathrooms.This product features pre-cut grooves that allow for the quick creation of a smooth curved surface that is ready for tile or stone to be installed upon. 5 and 12.5mm are just two of the seven thicknesses that KERDI-BOARD is available in; the range carries boards of 9, 19, 28, 38 and 50mm thickness besides.Whilst the boards at the thinner end of the spectrum are designed for use over existing substrates, the latter thicknesses can be used as

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construction panels to create features such as shelves, partition walls and seats, allowing for unbridled freedom of design. In the case of Lympstone Manor, KERDIBOARD aided the creation of bathrooms that will support and protect an exquisite and highly personal accomplishment. Devon Stone is a specialist in the supply, specification and installation of natural stone. ©Devon Stone

Devon Stone also made use of specialist KERDIBOARD variant, Schlüter-KERDI-BOARD-V, to waterproof the curved shower walls that were a feature in some of the bathrooms

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Floors, Walls & Ceilings Designer Contracts celebrates 25th year with expansion

Designer Contracts is to open three regional facilities across the country and has announced two senior internal promotions. The new facilities in Yorkshire, Kent and East Anglia will be operational by spring and represent a significant milestone for the company in its 25th year of business. To support the expansion, the company has promoted Louise Walters, who has worked with the company for 14 years, to Merchandise and Marketing Director and Gary Tynan to Divisional Director. Gary will continue to oversee the smooth running of the Southern, Thames Medway, Thames Valley and South East and Louise will continue to head up the company’s buying team as well as handle all marketing.

Amtico creates an impact with new Spacia Parquet

Amtico has introduced Spacia Parquet as the latest addition to its popular Spacia collection.This classically proportioned laying pattern is perfect for commercial applications, offering interior designers and specifiers a versatile, hard-working luxury vinyl tile (LVT) flooring that is incredibly practical in any space. Not only is it simple to install, it also benefits from ease of cleaning and compatibility with spatial architecture.To further bolster Spacia Parquet’s credentials, it can be supplied with an acoustic backing for enhanced sound reduction.This is especially useful in projects such as offices, hotels or student accommodation, where keeping sound transmissions to a minimum is a priority.


( 01246 854577

Remmers repairs Bawdsey Radar Station

Built in 1938 and protected by concrete blast walls, Bawdsey Radar Station was the world’s first operational radar station.The walls had decayed steadily since the building was vacated in 1991, leaving the top layer of reinforcement exposed to the elements. Being a heritage site, traditional concrete repair techniques were not allowed. Working in partnership, Remmers and Concrete Renovations devised a way to repair the walls by using Remmers’ restoration materials. Remmers’ coloured mortars were used to repair and simulate the colour of the original concrete alongside Remmers’ migrating corrosion inhibitor and impregnation cream as part of the 25-year maintenance plan.

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* ( 01293 594010



to ceramic tiles and calibrated natural stone

The Specifier’s Guide to ceramic tiles and calibrated natural stone

The 2018 edition of The Specifier’s Guide to Tile & Stone is now available in print and online. The annual ‘industry bible’ 20 17 provides an essential specification tool for architects and designers. Content includes a review of the global tile trends, along with reports on the latest technology, sustainability, case studies and advice for global manufacturers. Ancillary products – from anhydrite screeds to water-based sealers – are also examined within the guide, with expert comment offered from the industry’s leading editor and award-winning Journalist, Joe Simpson. Launch of the first edition of The Specifier’s Guide for Commercial Flooring will follow in late spring.



Unit 1, The Old Dairy, Great Danegate, Eridge, East Sussex TN3 9HU

Tel: 01892 752 400 Email:

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Saint-Gobain Weber’s EWI is talk of the town in Stevenage High-performance webertherm XM external wall insulation by Saint-Gobain Weber has been specified for the showcase Skyline regeneration scheme in Stevenage, Hertfordshire.This landmark building has been redesigned and converted by Chase New Homes. Designed by Corstorphine & Wright, the refurbishment work has dramatically transformed the building with major internal and external improvements.Visually, aesthetics have changed for the better with the application of webertherm XM; a lightweight render protected external wall insulation system, which has created a striking and stylish appearance that has modernised the building from a grey and tired-looking mid-1900s commercial block.Weber’s EWI has also improved the thermal performance of the building to a comfortable and sustainable 0.27W/m2K U-value. *

( 08703 330070


SG 20 18

2018 Specifier’s Guide launched at Surface Design Show




YBS SuperQuilt specified by sciencebased builder A regional-based building contractor has used large quantities of YBS SuperQuilt during the conversion of a five-bedroom Oxfordshire home into two highquality flats. Khalil Khabiri of Renovat3d commented:“Building control favoured the use of Celotex or a similar rigid insulation material, but that would have encroached too much into the room, and been a lot more expensive than using SuperQuilt. We ended up buying some 28 rolls of SuperQuilt through John Nichols, a local builders’ merchants, and have used it to improve the thermal performance, doing minimum damage while effectively making each flat into a ‘bubble’. It has also provided a significant improvement in terms of sound reduction between spaces.” 8 * ( 01909 721662

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Landscaping, Waterproofing & Drainage

3D image showing Newton 804-DPC injected into the mortar course of an existing brick wall suffering from rising damp

BBA-certified damp proofing from Newton Newton Waterproofing Systems is the oldest independent UK supplier of damp proofing products, since introducing the first damp proofing membrane, Newtonite, in 1937. Having grown its expertise ever since, Newtonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s product range has now been bolstered by three new BBA-certified damp proofing products to provide a comprehensive solution for the age-old problem of rising damp.


imply defined, rising damp is the upward flow of moisture from the ground through the capillaries in a permeable wall structure. Due to the phenomenon of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;capillarity actionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, water from the ground is absorbed upwards through the pores, or capillaries, within the walls.The potential height to which this moisture can rise is largely dictated by the type of material from which the walls are built, and in particular the type of mortar. Whilst other factors will also impact the potential height, in reality this is moderated by the fact that the water will eventually evaporate unless there are other factors that might inhibit evaporation. In most cases it is therefore rare to see rising damp exceeding 1.5m above ground level.

What are hygroscopic salts? Rising damp is inextricably linked to hygroscopic damp, as the rising water transports moisture-attracting (hygroscopic) salts that are left behind within the fabric of the walls when the water evaporates. As a result, even if a rising damp problem is resolved, an internal damp problem may still occur as the hygroscopic salts attract moisture from the air inside the building. These salts can also damage internal plaster when they expand during the process of crystallisation, and it is often necessary to replace plaster that has been damaged in such a way.


How do you stop rising damp? Once a detailed survey has identified rising damp in a building, the best method for stopping it is a two-part process.Thanks to its new BBA-certified damp proofing products, Newton is able to provide clients with the complete rising damp solution for both parts of this process.

1. Stopping the rising damp

808-RA can be employed as a salt-resistant render additive, and an essential part of the rising damp solution. Used within the sand and cement render, Newton 808-RA will prevent the passage of both residual moisture and hygroscopic salts from the underlying masonry to the new decorative surface, ensuring that no further damage occurs.

What about damp proof membranes? Much like the best waterproofing solutions, the best damp proofing solutions combine different products to form the most comprehensive defence possible. With the addition of these two new products, the Newtonite Damp Proofing system now contains a comprehensive range of products that can be utilised in different combinations dependent on the scenario. For example, Newton damp proof membranes can be used with Newton 804-DPC where the required time for the wall to dry out is impractical, or as an alternative to rendering with Newton 808-RA. Newton also recognises that in some situations it will not always be possible, practical or recommended to inject a new DPC, and a damp proof membrane will be the only solution in many circumstances. Collectively, the products within the Newtonite system make it possible to deal with all forms of damp, from rising damp to penetrating damp, residual hygroscopic damp and condensation, and always providing the client with a BBA-certified solution. Newton 804-DPC and 808-RA offer a combined solution to rising damp

To prevent rising damp from occurring in new-builds, a physical damp proof course (DPC), such as the BBA-certified Newton 809-DPC is installed. However, in remedial rising damp scenarios this process is often too expensive and impractical, and an alternative solution is required. The best method is therefore to use Newton 804-DPC to convert an existing mortar course into a new DPC. Newton 804DPC is a high strength damp proofing cream that works by diffusing into and along the mortar course before curing into a breathable and water-repellent barrier that stops the rising damp in its tracks.

2. Reinstating damaged plaster Although the new chemical DPC is almost immediately effective, hygroscopic salts residing within the wall will still attract moisture, and will still cause the wall to be damp. Correct replastering is therefore essential, and Newton

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Landscaping, Waterproofing & Drainage Access Safeguard’s dampand waterproofing technology in one handy volume

Safeguard has updated its essential product guide with a new fourth edition that provides crucial information on specifying its market-leading ranges of damp- and waterproofing technologies. The 54-page guide covers the Dryzone, Stormdry,Vandex, Oldroyd and Brickfix brands, to name a few. Product areas include rising damp, replastering, damp-proof coatings, condensation and mould, rain penetration, masonry repair, basement drainage and tanking and waterproofing in general. New to the collections are Drybase and Roxil.The Drybase range is designed for use when it is not possible to protect building materials and interior surfaces from the sources of dampness, like rain penetration or rising damp.

TREMCO specification success in face of Irish Sea gales

An integrated selection of waterproofing and wearing course products from tremco illbruck has been successfully utilised to complete the top deck of a car park which was topped out during the depths of last winter, in one of the most exposed parts of the British Isles.Thelwell Flooring from the Wirral was the specialist sub-contractor which undertook the sequenced installation of the TREMCO ES100 One Coat Universal DPM,TREMCO CP360 MMA Flexible Membrane and other products to address the extreme weather conditions; providing both short- and long-term protection against the elements.


( 01403 210204


New appointments to drive ‘the difference is Visqueen’ strategy

Visqueen has announced a number of new roles for its team as part of its 2018 strategy that will further enhance the company’s range of services to the construction and building sectors. Phil Bull is now General Manager for the Visqueen construction business. Laura Guy takes on the role of National Sales Manager, responsible for all builders’ merchants sales. Additionally, James Walsh becomes Regional Manager for the North including Scotland, and Tony Goode is Regional Manager for the South, with both reporting to Nik Ullfors,Visqueen’s National Technical Manager. Lucinda Holmes is also promoted to Marketing Communications Manager and will provide marketing support across Visqueen’s construction business.

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* ( 0333 202 6800




The Stainless Steel Handrail Component System






The Master Catalogue is out now Visit to view or download a copy today! 01708 25 35 45

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Landscaping, Waterproofing & Drainage

Drexus Pave Drain: set to change the face of landscape design Drainage has long been considered a purely functional element of any design. So much so that it’s often something landscape architects try to hide to ensure it doesn’t detract from the overall look and feel of the space.


ssentially, drainage is viewed as a necessary evil, with functional grated systems being the traditional go-to solution. But that’s all now set to change. In a huge leap forward for the industry, landscape architects no longer need to worry about how to incorporate drainage or conceal it from view. In fact, there’s now a reason to actively embrace it. Marshalls, a UK-leading hard landscaping provider, now supplies drainage that blends with concrete paving and natural stone products. With Drexus Pave Drain, Marshalls can provide a discreet natural stone-topped drainage solution in the exact same material as the paving that surrounds it. This means the drainage can either blend into the landscape to effectively hide it, or be contrasted to offer some form of delineation to frame a public space and create a design feature.

Delineation In busy, multi-use spaces which require demarcation, Pave Drain can be used as an effective delineator to distinguish between pedestrian, vehicular and cycle areas instead of a prominent kerb or edging.


A line of drainage can also be supplied in a contrasting colour to be used as a border around a public space. As the product can now be rendered in the same texture and material, it no longer looks unsightly but instead functions as a design feature in its own right. At a time when living space is at a premium and keeps having to work harder, Drexus Pave Drain can provide subtle yet effective demarcation, creating the sort of zoning that allows great public areas to do all that’s increasingly being asked of them.

The unique ability of Marshalls’ Drexus Pave Drain to sympathetically blend drainage into a scheme, or use it to provide subtle but effective demarcation, means it has the potential to play a game-changing role in the world of landscape architecture – and find a place at the heart of every kind of project imaginable.

Blending Where a landscape architect still wants to hide the drainage, thanks to Pave Drain it can now be created in the same material and colour as the surrounding paving – allowing it to be subtly integrated into the paving design. Marshalls’ Drexus Pave Drain provides the perfect solution, offering a unique aesthetic for linear drainage. Utilising Marshalls’ expertise in both concrete and natural stone, Pave Drain offers an effective combined paving and drainage solution which perfectly complements natural stone paving products.

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Drains water,

not creativity

You no longer have to choose between form and function in linear drainage. Because with beautiful natural stone finishes and extensive technical support, Pave Drain looks just as good as it works. Plus, our expertise and scale mean we can offer it at a surprisingly low cost. So there are no compromises for anybody.

Discover the full range at today.

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Windows & Glazing

Comar specifiers and fabricators can be reassured by Comar 7P.i CDE’s secure, flexible design options

Comar 7P.i CDE commercial door Comar Architectural Aluminium Systems, part of TPG (The Parkside Group), has announced the launch of Comar 7P.i CDE, a commercial swing door with electronic locking that now holds a Secured by Design licence.


he Comar 7P.i CDE is an electronic lock option for the thermally broken commercial swing door range, which offers access control integration for both single- and double-leaf doorsets. Secured by Design Homes 2016 requires that occupants, of a residential building with 10 or more distinct dwellings, must be able to remotely control the main entrance door from their apartment to allow access to known visitors.The Comar 7P.i CDE is ideal for multi-dwelling apartment applications, where the electronic lock sits in with most access control panels and includes panic exit hardware options.The solution can also be used in all matter of public buildings where occupant safety is required, such as health, education and other public buildings. Comar specifiers and fabricators can be reassured by Comar 7P.i CDE’s secure, flexible design options.Achieving PAS 24:2016 in double-leaf swing doors is particularly challenging to pass on a test, as the doors resist a 4.5kN loading as well as a manual attack test. Double-leaf doors are often called for on residential buildings as they allow facilities teams and occupants ease of access for bulky objects such as furniture, yet still provide uncompromised security and convenience for day-to-day access; where only a single-leaf is commonly used, the Comar 7P.i CDE provides this solution. Comar 7P.i CDE has been added to Comar’s BSI Kitemark for enhanced security which incorporates testing to BS 6375 Parts 1, 2 and 3, for a high-traffic entrance door. This means that the Comar 7Pi CDE has been tested and certified to 50,000 open and


closing cycles, which is a requirement of the Secured by Design licence. The Comar 7P.i CDE lock uses magnetic triggers, located in the keeps, tripping the sprung loaded locking points, which snap ‘locked’ almost instantly when the door is closed.This provides a ‘fail locked’ environment that immediately protects a vulnerable resident returning home, even in the event of a power failure or vandalism. Not only does the Comar 7P.i CDE integrate with access control systems, but it also has been tested with the FUHR’s Panic Exit crash bar, helping designers meet fire safety demands while providing PAS 24:2016 level of security and high-traffic resilience. Comar’s lever door handles also integrate with the lock, their operation manually reloading the sprung mechanical locking points.Together with the magnet triggered instant locking, which helps prevent criminals following occupants into their building, the Comar 7P.i CDE offers unparalleled functionality. Comar 7P.i CDE has a comprehensive range of accessories, available direct from Comar, including a remote-control key fob, a wireless push pad and hard-wired switches. The Comar 7P.i CDE also presents advantages in fabrication, including the need for only four machined ‘pockets’ in the lock and keep stiles, plus a one-piece lock, thereby, speeding up assembly times and reducing workshop errors. A single cable provides the lock with power and signal simplifying the routing in the frames. To cater for structural tolerances on site, adjustable raised keeps are available to ensure the locks engage correctly.

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Comar 7P.i CDE has been added to Comar’s BSI Kitemark for enhanced security which incorporates testing to BS 6375 Parts 1, 2 and 3, for a high-traffic entrance door

The Comar 7P.i CDE is ideal for multi-dwelling apartment applications, where the electronic lock sits in with most access control panels and includes panic exit hardware options


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685 9685

Windows & Glazing

Mooragh the merrier for Eurologik on the Isle of Man Developers constructing a block of luxury apartments in an exposed location on the Isle of Man chose Eurologik doors and windows from Eurocell to provide the premium appearance and robust performance required. Lakeside Apartments has views over Mooragh Park Lake on the landward side and across the sea to the mountains of the Lake District on the other. Eurologik was chosen because of its high thermal performance, lack of maintenance required and because it could resist exposure to salt.The doors and windows scored 2.71m³/ (h.m²) at a pressure difference of 50 Pa when tested for air permeability and so were nearly twice as airtight as required by Part L of the 2013 Building Regulations. *

( 0800 988 3049 8

GLASSOLUTIONS installation balances form and function Number One Kirkstall Forge is part of the £400m Kirkstall Forge ‘urban village’ scheme which on completion will offer Grade A office buildings, contemporary housing, green spaces and more. GLASSOLUTIONS’ contracting division specified a combination of WICONA aluminium systems integrating with high-performance insulating glass units, spandrels

and sandwich panels.The ‘stick’ curtain walling was fabricated using WICONA’s Wictec 50 systems, which provide a slim 50mm face width and ensure excellent thermal insulation through the incorporation of a uPVC thermal break. For the glazing specification, GLASSOLUTIONS opted to install insulated glass units comprising Saint Gobain Glass’ SGG COOL-LITE XTREME 7033ii, with single-glazed units used for the spandrel panels to combat overheating. *

( 0844 892 2690 8



ISO-CHEMIE tape seals groundbreaking new housing project ISO-BLOCO ONE tape has been used to provide a high-performance airtight, acoustic and thermal seal for a ModCell TAM project located in the grounds of the Filwood Community Centre, Bristol. TAM is also one of the most environmentallyfriendly building systems in Europe, combining advances in high-quality, low-energy design with the innovative use of renewable construction materials. Sustainability is a key driver of the project, so the ISO-BLOCO tape has been used to seal the expansion joints and gaps around the window and door frames. This will significantly help to achieve an excellent Passivhaus target of <0.69m³/hour/m² measured at 50 Pa airtight seal per completed building. *

( 01207 566867 8

TECTUS® 〉 high load values up to 300 kg 〉 maintenance-free slide bearing technology 〉 three-dimensional adjustability 〉 opening angle 180° 〉 wide variety of finishes

t: +44 121 522 2848 e:

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KBB Armitage Shanks launches Doc M packs

Introducing AQATA’s new DS500 Quintet shower enclosure AQATA has expanded its Design Solutions range to include the new DS500 Quintet. The uniquely five-sided shower enclosure fits perfectly into corners providing a contemporary design as well as maximising the bathroom’s floor area. Measuring 2010mm in height and made from luxury 10mm frameless glass, the DS500 is available in two sizes: 900 x 900mm and 1200 x 900mm. Continuous clear seals fit seamlessly between the glass and hinges to provide a discreet seal, and the frameless glass door has positive magnetic closing for watertight showering. 8 * ( 01455 896500

Armitage Shanks has launched Doc M packs making it easier for specifiers and building managers to ensure their facilities fulfil Part M of the Building Regulations and satisfy the 2010 Equality Act. Itemised packs, floorplans and guidance are available for single toilet facilities, multiple toilet facilities, hotel facilities, public shower facilities and washrooms. Armitage Shanks has extended its range of Part M products which meet the stipulations of the act, which requires that commercial and public buildings are entirely suitable for the use of disabled people. New to the Part M offering is an improved range of back-to-wall and wall-hung WC pan designs, which offer a more modern aesthetic. *

( 01543 413204


Duravit introduces B.1 and B.2 tap fittings

Following the success of C.1, Duravit has introduced two further universal tap fitting ranges – B.1 and B.2. Positioned in the entry- and mid-level price segment, the tap fittings allow for a complete Duravit bathroom and represent an extension of the concept of designing the bathroom in a streamlined and consistent ‘language’. B.1 and B.2 are competitively priced offering added value, particularly for architects and developers. B.1 is characterised by soft, round contours, while B.2 boasts a straight-lined, striking design. At the washbasin, two spout heights (S and M) cater for different personal requirements and an individually adjustable aerator allows the water jet to be optimally adapted to the user’s needs. * ( 01908 286680

Register now Offsite Solutions expands range of GRP pods



Free–to–attend, 2 day exhibition, 24 speaker conference programme and complimentary 2 hour champagne drinks reception & networking evening

Offsite Solutions has expanded its range of GRP composite pods with the development of a hybrid design to offer an enhanced level of finish for higher specification student accommodation, hotels and apartments for market sale or Build-to-Rent.The GRP hybrid pods create highly robust, low-maintenance and cost-efficient bathrooms for large-scale projects which require additional design features for a contemporary appearance.The shell structure of Offsite Solutions’ GRP pods can now be fabricated to incorporate ceramic tiles with options for completely tiled walls, inset feature walls or bands of tiles.These hybrid bathroom pods allow even more aesthetic flexibility for GRP units – with all the time and quality benefits of off-site construction.

Washroom • Architects, Specifiers, Technologists, Building Designers & Surveyors Washroom gets • Commercial, Industrial & Residential Property Developers excellent reception • Town, City & County Councils, Local Planning Authorities, Town & City Planne Washroom Washroom has designed and installed a striking bespoke reception desk • Construction Companies, Builders &with Contractors * ( 01278 780807 8 along new washrooms for an awardwinning office development with ISG. • Products & Services IndustryWashroom Suppliers designed and manufactured a Roman launches updated Project Specification Guide

Roman has developed and updated this guide specifically for architects, designers and specifiers working on significant projects such as hotel and major housing developments and condominiums. Uniquely, it allows you to pick and choose every single part of your showering solution, from your hinges and handle, to the bracing, seals and glass design. Roman also offers solid surface fabrication and moulding manufactured to any specification required – allowing you to build a bathroom concept to totally suit your individual project.This guide not only presents Roman’s capabilities but also introduces you to the Roman team and ethos and its headquarters where the manufacturing process takes place; as every Roman product is made in Britain. *


( 01325 311318


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bespoke Corian reception desk to mirror the angular lines of the unique feature staircase in the building’s central atrium. In addition,Washroom installed new male and female washrooms to three levels across four cores of the building. Utilising Washroom’s exclusive Iconica collection, the washroom design features real wood veneers, glass and Corian to complement the high-specification finish seen throughout the building.Washroom’s full-height Alto toilet cubicles were specified with a real wood walnut veneer finish for this project. 8 * ( 0800 999 8888

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d Free–to–attend, Free–to–attend, 2exhibition, day exhibition, 24 speaker conference programme 2 day programme and and Free–to–attend, 2 day exhibition,24 24speaker speaker conference conference programme and g complimentary complimentary 2 hour champagne drinks reception & networking evening 2 hour & networking networking evening complimentary 2 hourchampagne champagnedrinks drinks reception reception & evening

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Building Elements

The sounds of science Experimentarium in Tuborg near Copenhagen is one of the most exciting buildings to open in recent months. Designed by CEBRA architects, this world-class science centre provides families, school children and science-lovers high-quality science exhibitions where they can touch, play and experience science in an innovative new way. This fascinating project is full of contrasts meaning that the structure itself is as much an exhibition as the attractions and sights within.

Inevitably, the use of hard surfaces throughout, coupled with the noise and chatter from thousands of daily visitors, meant the architects

had to pay special attention to the acoustics. Their solution was to install Troldtekt ceiling panels which provide a very high performance sound absorbing surface which contrasts dramatically with the copper, aluminium and glass elements and complements the interior atmosphere. In addition, because the ceiling is suspended it can be removed or adapted to accommodate exhibition changes within the 11,500m2 of public spaces. Extended above the original red brick walls of the old brewery, the Experimentarium comprises several new floors clad in perforated aluminium enclosing inspirational spaces and atriums accessed by curved helixshaped stairways. It is designed like a theatre with large areas backstage housing staff facilities, workshops, creative rooms and offices. Specified throughout the UK and Europe, the benefits of 100% Troldtekt natural woodwool panels include high sound absorption, high durability, natural breathability, low-cost lifecycle performance and sustainability as documented by Cradle to Cradle certification at ‘Silver’ level. 8 * ( 01978


Making shapes for San Antonio car park New SFS Flat Roofing Catalogue now available

Now available to download and request as a printed catalogue, SFS’ new 200+-page Flat Roofing Catalogue is a comprehensive update to the previous issue to reflect the extensive range of products and systems offered. The catalogue details the innovative solutions available for the three main SFS systems – the isofast fully metallic system, the isotak thermal break fastening system and the isoweld induction welding system. The easy-to-use format makes finding the right SFS product quick and simple and encompasses fastener solutions for steel, concrete and timber deck, along with critical decks and a new section for flashings, upstands and termination bars. 8 * ( 0113 208 5500


The Village at San Antonio Center in California replaces a 50-yearold shopping centre with a new mixed-use development, including a large multi-storey car park which is clad with a distinctive Levolux screening solution. Levolux was approached at the design stage of the project, to help develop an external screening solution for the multistorey car park.The custom screening solution comprises more than 1800 vertical fins, each formed from 15mm-thick, extruded aluminium plate.The fins, which have a maximum width of 600mm and a length of up to 3.1m, are individually laser cut along their length to create the required curved profile. * ( 0208 863 9111


SFS reports strong sales growth as it unveils first complete envelope package Global group sales growth of 13.7% in 2017 for SFS reflects the growing customer demand in the UK for high-performance fixing solutions for the building envelope, which the company is set to support further with its unveiling of the industry’s first complete package for rainscreen systems.The company now offers Nvelope rainscreen support systems after the manufacturer joined the SFS family in 2016.This enables SFS to provide high-performance Nvelope bracket and rail systems for rainscreen cladding and SFS-branded fasteners as one package. An extension to this package is also available to customers seeking to incorporate a working at height safety system.This is provided by SFS’ industry-leading Soter Safety Systems solutions. *

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( 0113 208 5500




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‹‹‹ for iPhone, iPad and Android swipe to see more! Free download available now BROWSE | SPECIFY | SOURCE | DIGEST The smarter way to access news and products for the sustainable building market. With its easy-to-navigate format, users can benefit from a variety of useful tools, such as the magazine’s latest issue, digital archive, suppliers and newsbank. The App is also synced with SBP Library ( providing an essential specification portal. | Bespoke, reader-friendly features tailored to professionals on the move | | Timely industry news delivered at the touch of a button | | Manage print & digital subscriptions | Find this issue plus much more on the fc&a app and


Building Elements

Resplendent bronze for London’s South Bank Powdertech Corby has been busy coating over 2400m2 of facade elements for an exclusive, eight-storey boutique development situated on London’s South Bank, with panoramic views over Lambeth Palace, and across the Thames to the Palace of Westminster. This is a retail-residential mixed-use building providing 55 private apartments. Sited in an exposed position close to the River Thames and busy roads, the exterior of the building needed a robust coating to withstand such conditions without corroding and to retain a smart, well-kept appearance.

“Our six-stage chrome-free pretreatment process for aluminium ensures that the metal is already protected before the final coating is applied,” explains Richard Besant, Powdertech Director.


LIBR Your essential new reference for sustainable building product information web | mobile | tablet


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The client selected a fabulous shade, IGP’s ‘Young Bronze’, for its bright and vibrant effect, maximising the elegance of the building’s sweeping curved elevation on the corner location. Powdertech is an approved applicator for IGP and provided several samples before coating the facade elements which included balcony soffit and fascia panels for floors two to seven, canopy soffit at street level, roof capping, louvres, drain pipes and rainwater hoppers. The high-performance powder and Powdertech’s rigorous pre-treatment system will help to keep the facade free from corrosion for up to 40 years.

8 * ( 01536


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Building Elements Saracen increases its turnover by almost 50%

Saracen Interiors has announced an increase in its turnover of almost 50% following one of its most successful trading years to-date.The award-winning workplace consultant started 2018 with its largest ever forward order book and, with new clients responsible for 80% of last year’s turnover increase, the company is expecting a record year ahead. Continuing its geographical expansion with the opening of new offices in one of Manchester’s most vibrant mixed-use spaces, MediaCity, Saracen has used its increased presence to secure more business in the North. Director of Saracen Interiors, Michael Page, explains:“We’ve won some big contracts this year, including one of the largest in our history, which was the fit-out of a landmark, iconic building in Yorkshire.” *

( 0208 226 2161


Wetlands project opens up East London ‘open-air lung’

conc colo our colo Materials for avai Architecture returns Materials for Architecture will return to the ILEC Conference Centre, London, from 25 to 26th April. It will combine a conference programme, exhibition, CPD seminars, material galleries and an evening reception with innovation a clear theme across every part of the event.The conference programme for 2018 is set to highlight some of the newest, most innovative themes within the built environment. Speakers will come from major architectural practices, engineering firms, academia, industry and more.The exhibition hall will include an ‘Innovation Zone’ and highly interactive materials display area, while the evening reception will host a competition where participants will present their research into developing construction materials for the future.

an industrial product a y immersion, coarse spraying, Concentrate dilution is quick and xpensive dosing equipment re no waste and correct solution A breakthrough in An £8.7m visitor centre to open up access to one of the East End’s ‘open-air lungs’ has been completed at a strategic 500-acre Thames Water site.The Walthamstow Wetlands project allows visitors to enjoy and learn about the Walthamstow Reservoirs’ distinctive built and natural heritage. Because the area includes water treatment stations and other operational sites it needed protection to separate public areas from CNI zones, for which Thames Water has ordered security fencing through Binns Fencing. Binns has installed ArmaWeave, HiSec and Axiom steel mesh from parent company Zaun around strategic Thames Water assets, while Duo fencing, sliding gates and railings have been included at all main entrances. * ( 01902 796699


8 * ( 01435 863500

firestopping innovation

Hilti has created a game-changer in firestopping for deflection head applications with the launch of the award-winning CFS-TTS Firestop top track seal. The CFS-TTS allows interior finishing professionals to get the job done five times faster by completely removing the need to build a deflection head, replacing it with a simple three-step process. First, contractors apply the CFS-TTS seal to the drywall tack. Secondly, they cut it to length before finally fastening it directly in place. This completely new firestopping method delivers a European fire-rated seal to EN 1366-4 standards at the top of the drywall track to block smoke, heat and fire for up to 120 minutes.

The Expanded decorative finish and does not Metal Company om announces insect or fungal attach. certification tment is required to protect again A heavy-duty walkway product from The Expanded Metal Company has been proven to offer an exceptional level of grip – making it highly suitable for use in hazardous environments, and for the construction of fire escapes, evacuation routes and disabled access ramps.The N7478 Supagrip walkway mesh has now been tested and certified to BS 7976 Part 2.The testing, which was carried out in December 2017, showed that across a range of gradients and in both wet and dry conditions, the N7478 Supagrip walkway mesh offered up to 268% more slip resistance than the minimum standard set for a product’s low slip potential.

( 0800 886100


ESAB selected for Forth Road Bridge, Queensferry Crossing

ESAB has supplied flux-cored wires and welding electrodes to the Forth Crossing Bridge Constructors (FCBC) consortium that designed and built the new Queensferry Crossing road bridge across the Firth of Forth for Transport Scotland. For most welded joints on the Queensferry Crossing bridge decking, a single flux-cored wire was specified, namely ESAB OK Tubrod 15.14 (T46 2 P C 1 H5).This is a versatile wire that is highly suitable for all-positional welding on the S355 grade structural steel used in this exposed application.The running characteristics of OK Tubrod 15.14 are exceptional in all welding positions. Furthermore, OK Tubrod 15.14 is universally approved to grade three by all major authorities.

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Porcelain paver system and coordinating internal tiling The Deck Tile Co’s new website now has +150 colours and finishes in their Levato Mono 20mm porcelain ranges plus co-ordinating internal tiling – enabling seamless visual transition between internal and external spaces.

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FC&A March 2018  

In this issue, 19-storey Marina One building brings together biodiversity and accommodation for Singapore’s ever-growing population. Elsewhe...

FC&A March 2018  

In this issue, 19-storey Marina One building brings together biodiversity and accommodation for Singapore’s ever-growing population. Elsewhe...