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SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO


TABLE OF CONTENT Introduction

01

Site Analysis Climate Precedents Code Analysis Design Concept Floor Plans

03 04 05 07 08 09

Structure Diagrams

11

Wall Sections

17

Precedents Raise Floor/Fin tube System Envelope/Wall Assembly

21 23 25

Mechanical Systems Lighting Systems Fire Suppression

27 29 33


“SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY” St. Louis MO

This proposal is located in a historic French neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri. The population of 3,440 has a median age of 31, 46% family households, and an average household income of $50,800. The Library intends to serve the community for events, scholastic endeavors and more. The library is surrounded with a unique urban context, which served an initial driver for design. On the Southeast an interstate highway rushes with trucks and cars. On the Northwest a century old church serves the neighborhood. On the Northeast a residential fabric takes hold into the distance. Extruded ‘fingers’ in the design point towards these sights of interest as a way to engage the user with the diversity of the surrounding area.

Average Weather for Soulard is a high in January 39 degrees’ low in January 21 degrees. High in July 88 degrees, low in July 68 degrees. And annual precipitation of 57 inches. The juxtaposition of hot and cold during season calls for a high R-value in the design. The heavy rain and tornados necessitates an air-tight & vapor tight barrier and careful attention to runoff and drainage. The ventilation system will rely on Natural un-forced air as the extruded ‘fingers’ are conducive to capturing and distributing wind. Material choice aims for a concrete structure with triple-pane glazing for all apertures. The library, research & community center backs up against the highway therefor careful attention to sound deflection in the posterior will be implemented through acoustic insulation strategies. 01


The four story building is programed according to sights and points of interest. The first floor serves as a welcome space and general event and congregation center. As the user ascends the program for the wing facing St. Vincent Church is a religion book stack. The program for the wing facing The MacArthur Bridge is an engineering book stack. The program for the wing facing the Gateway Arch is a math and science book stack. The program for the wing facing Highway I-55 is a transit and planning book stack. The program for the wing facing the Old Factories is a history book stack. The program for the wing facing St. Louis downtown is a geography book stack.

Generally, the shifting and stacking for floor to floor creates distinguished reading experiences. The shifting and stacking ‘fingers’ also create a dynamic architecture form. Negotiation between cantilevers and overlapping is implemented for a successful core to serve both structure and circulation. These design strategies aim to create the most practical, beautiful and buildable multidisciplinary center for the residents and visitors in Soulard, Missouri.

02


Old Factories Surrounding old factories are the reminder of St. Louis prosperity from Industrial area to 1970.

The Gateway Arch The Gateway Arch is the world's tallest arch, the tallest man-made monument in the Western Hemisphere, and landmark of St. Louis.

St. Louis, MO

SITE ANALYSIS

SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY The MacArthur Bridge The MacArthur Bridge over the Mississippi River between St. Louis, Missouri and East St. Louis, Illinois is a 647-foot long truss bridge.

The Park Ave The park avenue is located center downtown of St. Louis. It will be the main transportation to the library.

The I-55 High Way Interstate 55 (I-55) is a major Interstate Highway in the central United States. The highway travels from LaPlace, Louisiana, at I-10 to Chicago, St. Louis at U.S. Route 41 , at McCormick Place.

The St. Louis Downtown Downtown St. Louis is the central business district of St. Louis, Missouri, the hub of tourism and entertainment, and the anchor of the St. Louis metropoli

tan area.

St Vincent Church Designed by Meriwether Lewis Clark, and George Barnett in 1845, with the front elevation attributed to Franz Saler in 1849, the St. Vincent de Paul Church is one to the oldest active churches in St. Louis.

03


Location: St.Louis, MO, USA Latitude/Longitude: 38.75º North 90.38º West Time Zone: -6 Elevation 564 ft Climate Zone: 4 (Mixed – Humid with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400)

SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO CLIMATE

Monthly Diural Average

Summer Sun Shading

Temperature Range

04


Precedent 1: Visual Arts Building Architects: Steven Holl Architects Location: Iowa City, IA 52246, US Area: 126,000 ft2 Project Year: 2016 Floors: 5 Function: Education The new Visual Arts facility for the University of Iowa's School of Art and Art History provides 126,000 sf of loft- like space for all visual arts media, from ancient metalsmithing techniques to the most advanced virtual reality technologies, including Ceramics, 3D Design, Metal Arts & Jewelry, Sculpture, Printmaking, Painting & Drawing, Graphic Design, Intermedia, Video Art, and Photography. Also housed are galleries, faculty offices, an outdoor rooftop studio, and teaching spaces for Art History. The Visual Arts Building replaces an original arts building from 1936, which was heavily damaged during a flood of the University of Iowa campus in June 2008. The new building forms an Arts Quad with Art Building West, which was designed by Steven Holl Architects and has drawn students from all over campus to its social spaces and library since opening in 2006. Together they form a visual arts campus for theorizing, teaching and making art.

Climate

05


Precedent 2: Biblioteca Vila de GrĂ cia Architects: Josep LlinĂ s Location: Barcelona, Spain Area: 11,076 ft2 Project Year: 2002 Floors: 5 Function: Library / Media Collection

Climate

This site is in Barcelona's Gracia district at the intersection of Calle Torrent de l'Olla and Travesera de Gracia. This is a major interface between Gracia and the city in every sense, particularly for traffic. In this context, the library has become excessively representative with respect to the small size of the allotment, which has the same dimensions as the local urban fabric and the same construction potential as that of the nearby architecture. Expressing this mismatch between container and content; this non-coincidence between the common mould with private architecture and public use of the 'column of flats' has led us to include various degrees of buckling on the facade as a system for expressing the exceptional importance of what is going on inside. Something similar to

06


CODE ANALYSIS Applicable Code..2014 IBC Use Group: Allowable Load: Occupant Load: Construction Type:

Assembly A-3 90,000 75,000 = 100 gross: stack area 50 net: reading room Type II-A , S or III-A 500 Persons

Square Footage Per Floor: First Floor (Ground lvl) Second Floor Third Floor Fourth Floor

= 2,820 = 2,820 = 2,820 = 2,820 12,000/10

282 282 282 282

1,200

>>> height limitations: N/A >>> location on the property: 10-foot setback required >>> fire suppression requirements: Sprinklered SITE PlAN

0’

5’

10’

15’

07


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO

DESIGN CONCEPT

A library is a collection of sources of information and resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing, and also St. Louis is a city of rich history. So, Soulard library is trying to embrace most of the rich urban context into the building and sharing knowledges to St.Louis residents. To do that, deisnger created four extruded space on each floor, facing diffrent urban context. Four extruded space are shifted from each floor to face different urban context. The shifted space is supported by five structural core tubes, four of them are located at the edge of the space and one is in the middle, serving as transportation core.

08


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO PLANS/PROGRAMS

THIRD FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

10’

15’

09


FOURTH FLOOR PLAN SECOND FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

10’

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

10’

5’

0’

15’

10’

15’

15’

THIRD FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

10’

15’

10


VISUAL ARTS BUILDING/ VILLA DE GRACIA LIBRARY Iowa City, IA/ Barcelona, Spain

STRUCTURE DIAGRAMS

central core

concrete slab

column

11


Gravity Force

Lateral Force

COLUMNS CORE

BEAM STRUCTURE

12


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO STRUCTURE

DIAGRAMS

Structure Core Tube

Foundation Box

The building is designed with five structural core tubes. Core tubes are served as load bearing component and vertical transportation space.

13


Structure Core Tube

Structural Line

The structure core tubes are connected by structural lines. Four boundary cores are all connected through the center core.

14


DIAGRAMS

La

rg

es t Ar Sla ou b C nd a 20 ntile ’

ve r

SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO STRUCTURE

Structure Core Tube

Floor Slab

L

an Sp ab 50’ l S d est un arg Aro

SECOND FLOOR PLAN 0’

5’

10’

15’

15


Five structure tubes are the main load bearing component of the building. The four outer cores are designed sufficiently strong to resist all lateral loads on the building, thereby allowing the center core tube to be simply framed for gravity loads.

Structure Core Tube Internal force diagram

16


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO

WALL SECTIONS

1’ = 1/8” 17


Handrail

Outdoor Raised Panel System Floor Panel Floor Pedestal Floor Clamp Grounding Grid Element

Concealed Side Mount

WaterProofing Membrane Drainage Mat Handrail Base

10” Concrete Slab 1/2” Gypsum Board 2” Rigid Insulation 8” Concrete Wall

18


1/2” Gypsum Board 2” Rigid Insulation 8” Concrete Wall Raising Floor System Floor Panel Floor Pedestal

Grounding Clamp Still Plate 10” Concrete Slab Reinforcing Bar Concrete Foundation WaterProofing Membrane Drainage Mat 15 19


Gravel Rigid Insulation WaterProofing Membrane Drainage Mat 10” Concrete Slab

1/2” Gypsum Board 2” Rigid Insulation 8” Concrete Wall

16 20


VISUAL ARTS BUILDING Iowa City, IA

MECHANICAL DIAGRAMS Interconnection between all of the departments is facilitated in the vertical carving out of large

STORAGE

open floor plates. Students can see activities ongoing across these openings and be encour ages to interact and meet. Natural light and natural ventilation are inserted into the deep floor plates via the "multiple cen ters of light." Seven vertical cutouts encourage

N

interaction between all four levels.

AIR/PLUMBING SHAFT MECHANICAL ROOMS

MEP ROOM

Ground Floor Plan

First Floor Plan

Second Floor Plan

Third Floor Plan

21


VISUAL ARTS BUILDING Iowa City, IA

MECHANICAL DIAGRAMS The Visual Arts Building is generally a self sustained system where there are mostly active climate control strategies. By utilizing boiler, chiller and AHU as part of the air system, thebuilding is self sustained with cold air and hot air throughout the space.

AHU

VERTICLE AIR SHAFT SUPPLY AIR

RETURN AIR

HORIZONTAL DUCTS

HORIZONTAL TREE DUCT

VAV BOX

COLD WATER HOT WATER CHILLER

BOILER

ACTIVE CLIMATE CONTROL STRATEGIES

22


TUBE SYSTEM

Conference Room

Stair

Elevator

Multifunction Room

Restroom

Multifunction Room

Restroom

SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO RAISED FLOOR/FIN

Entrance

Stair

TILE GRID

SECOND FLOOR PLAN 0’

5’

10’

15’

23


Condensing Unit Water Pipe / Fin Tube

SECOND FLOOR PLAN 0’

5’

10’

15’

24


roof finish waterproofing membrane

low-E glass air duct fin tube thermal insulation

guardrial raised floor panel

floor sheathing

ELEVATION REFERENCE 1/8”=1’-0”

concrete slab gravel drainage mat waterproofing footing perforated pipe

WALL ASSEMBLY 1/8”=1’-0” 25


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO ENVELOPE

/ WALL ASSEMBLY

low-E glass

raised floor panel fin tube air duct thermal insulation floor pedestal light concrete panel concrete slab floor sheathing

WALL ASSEMBLY DETAIL 1”=1’-0”

26


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO

MECHANICAL SYSTEMS ROOFTOP SINGLE PACKAGED UNIT

RETURN AIR

PRESSURIZED FLOOR

FIN TUBE RADIATOR

SUPPLY AIR

CONDENSING UNIT

CONDENSING UNIT

Longitudinal Section 1/16’’ = 1’-0’’ 27


Return Air

Radiant Heat

VAV Boxes

Cold & Warm Air Electric Box Electric & Data Lines

Pressurized Floor

28


VILLA DE GRACIA LIBRARY Barcelona, Spain

LIGHTING STRATEGIES

29


Planta segunda / Second floor plan

Planta cuarta / Fourth floor plan

Planta primera / First floor plan

Planta tercera / Third floor plan

lighting

Planta baja / Ground floor plan

Planta sรณtano / Basement floor plan

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VILLA DEMULTIDISCIPLINARY GRACIA LIBRARY LIBRARY SOULARD Barcelona, Spain St. Louis, MO

MECHANICAL SYSTEMS LIGHTING STRATEGIES

LIGHTING DESIGN FLOOR 1-4

ROOFTOP SINGLE PACKAGED UNIT

Outdoor Balcony LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED CHANDELIER LIGHTING HUNG

Storage STRIP LIGHTING HUNG

Cafeteria

LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED CHANDELIER LIGHTING HUNG

Storage

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR

Reception

LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

Storage Outdoor Balcony

RETURN AIR

Storage

STRIP LIGHTING HUNG

PRESSURIZED FLOOR

Equipment

Entrance

FIRST FLOOR PLAN 0’

5’

10’

15’

SUPPLY AIR

FIN TUBE RADIATOR

m

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

CONDENSING UNIT

0’

5’

10’

15’

CONDENSING UNIT Outdoor Balcony

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR

Outdoor Balcony

STRIP LIGHTING HUNG

Outdoor Balcony LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

Storage

Outdoor Balcony

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR

TASK LIGHTING BY FLOOR

Outdoor Balcony

Storage

STRIP LIGHTING HUNG

Longitudinal Section 1/16’’ = 1’-0’’

STRIP LIGHTING HUNG

Outdoor Balcony

LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

Outdoor Balcony

Outdoor Balcony

LED STRIP LIGHTING EMBEDED

STRIP LIGHTING HUNG

THIRD FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

10’

15’

31

FOURTH FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

10’

15’


Embeded Strip Light Good for open plan room lighting in high ceiling areas and over book stack areas.

LED Chandelier Lobby and entrance light decoration. Good for spaces of gathering

Desk Task LIght Task light for reading and study. Accessed from the raised floor system. Good for multiple changing arrangements.

Exterior Illumination Nightime lighting of the building provides the view of a neighborhood landmark 32 30


SOULARD MULTIDISCIPLINARY LIBRARY St. Louis, MO

FIRE SUPPRESSION

Outdoor Balcony

Storage

PENDENT SPRINKLER FLUSH CONCEALED SMOKE/ CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM

Storage

PENDENT SPRINKLER FLUSH CONCEALED

HORIZONTAL SIDEWALL SPRINKLER FLUSH CONEALED (20’-0” THROW)

Cafeteria

SMOKE/ CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM

Horizontal sidewall sprinklers service the major library reading, study and book area. Designed according to NFPA code for Type A-III building the sprinklers have a maxium 20’ throw with 40 GPM @ 40 PSI.

HORIZONTAL SIDEWALL SPRINKLER FLUSH CONEALED (20’-0” THROW)

HORIZONTAL SIDEWALL SPRINKLER FLUSH CONEALED (20’-0” THROW)

Reception HORIZONTAL SIDEWALL SPRINKLER FLUSH CONEALED (20’-0” THROW)

PENDENT SPRINKLER FLUSH CONCEALED

PENDENT SPRINKLER FLUSH CONCEALED

Storage

Outdoor Balcony

Storage

Fire extinguishers located throught the library are clearly marked and near major egress/entrance ways. Smoke/ carbon monoxide alarms are distributed evenly through the library. Two sets of stairs and 4 exits comply with neccessary life saftey requirements.

Equipment

FIRE EXTINGUISHER

Entrance

FIRE EXTINGUISHER

FIRST FLOOR PLAN 0’

5’

10’

15’

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

0’

5’

33

10’

15’


Horizontal Sidewall Sprinkler Good for keeping ceiling systems comitted to only light and HVAC. The 20â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Max throw covers lobby and open areas.

Flush Pendent Sprinkler Good for areas not covered by horizontal sprinklers. Conference rooms and stairwells.

Smoke/Carbon Monoxide Detectors Distributed evenly throughout the library to comply with life safety requirements.

Fire LIfe Safety Fire extinguishers near entrance/exits and clearly marked fire egress paths.

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ADVANCED BUILDING SYSTEMS FL 2016 A46 ARCH 538 PROF: HOFFMAN PM: DU, XINYI NAN, CHENGHUI LI, XINGGUANG GAULT, ALEXANDER LIU, SIYANG CHEN, SHANNON LIU, TUO

Profile for Chenghui Nam

Library Project book standard  

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