The Cavalier Daily
Vol. 131, Issue 8
Thursday, November 19, 2020 COURTESY EMMA KLEIN
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The Cavalier Daily
This week in-brief CD News Staff
Lighting of the Lawn celebration goes virtual in its 20th year This year’s 20th annual Lighting of the Lawn celebration will look different than usual. Due to the pandemic, the event which typically draws thousands of students to the Lawn will be held virtually Nov. 19. A video of the celebration will be sent out to University students as well the broader community and will feature interviews from University alumni and first responders, performances by dance and a cappella groups, the traditional “‘Twas the Night Before Christmas” countdown and a brand new light show. While LOTL has traditionally been held during the first week of December before the start of finals, this year’s event was moved up to account for the condensed semester and so that students are still able to enjoy the tradition regardless of their physical location. Ally Bollettino and Hunter Fox, LOTL co-chairs and fourth-year College students, have been working since April to ensure this year’s event will be memorable, even if social distancing guidelines prevent people from gathering in person. Bollettino and Fox hope that the video format of LOTL will expand its audience, with people all over the world given the chance to celebrate the holidays in a way that has been unique to the University community in the past. Additionally, people will be able to watch the video when it premieres at 7 p.m. on the Lighting of the Lawn website, as well as any time after. One new addition to the event is that, for the first time since the tradition’s inception, both sides of the Rotunda will be lit.
11.10 11.13 11.16 11.18 Northam limits gatherings to 25, bans on-site alcohol sales after 10 p.m. Virginia Governor Ralph Northam announced new COVID-19 mitigation measures Nov. 13 which expand the current mask mandate, prohibit on-site alcohol sales after 10 p.m., strengthen enforcement within essential retail businesses and limit gatherings to 25 people — down from the current maximum of 250. The executive order, which went into effect Nov. 15, comes as the Commonwealth averages 1,500 new reported cases of COVID-19 per day. “COVID-19 is surging across the country, and while cases are not rising in Virginia as rapidly as in some other states, I do not intend to wait until they are,” Northam said in a press release. “We are acting now to prevent this health crisis from getting worse.” Previously, private and public gatherings in Virginia were limited to 250 individuals, but Northam’s executive order restricts those gatherings to 25 people. At the University, students are permitted to gather in groups no larger than 10 individuals. Northam’s executive order also bans restaurants and other dining establishments statewide from serving alcohol after 10 p.m. States such as New York, New Jersey and Minnesota have introduced similar restaurant curfews in the face of rising COVID cases. The expanded mask mandate requires all individuals over the age of five to wear face coverings in indoor spaces. Violations of existing and new statewide COVID-19 policies within essential retail businesses — including groceries stores and pharmacies — will now be enforceable through the Virginia Department of Health as a Class One misdemeanor.
RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY
For the first time in Lighting of the Lawn’s history, both sides of the Rotunda will be lit.
U.Va.’s Mutual Aid Fund received over $12,000 in grant requests since start of semester The University’s Mutual Aid Fund, a collective formed by Student Council last spring to support students in need of financial stability through donations from the University community, has recently received an influx of requests for aid from students totaling over $12,000 since the start of the fall semester. On March 11 — the same day that the University announced its transition to online learning due to COVID-19 — Student Council launched a Mutual Aid Fund to support students during the time of crisis by fulfilling their needs through modest, no-strings-attached grants of $100 or less. Students can request a grant on the fund’s website. Aid is granted on a first-come, firstserve basis and can be used to support recurring needs such as groceries, rent and utilities, educational and technological expenses and medical expenses. Students can also use grants to support needs directly related to the pandemic — such as job loss or lost wages, travel, storage, family illness and extenuating circumstances. In its first week alone, the network raised close to $10,000. Since launching last spring, the fund has received 460 requests for aid, totaling $42,974. So far, the fund has distributed $36,074 to 360 students. According to the fund’s five month report overview, the program’s average request is $93, while its average contribution is $165. Upon the start of the semester, however, the fund received an influx of requests totaling over $12,000. The organization aimed to reach the aid amount by Nov. 12 — as of Nov. 14, the fund has raised $6,000.
U.Va. reports 1,234 total positive cases, of which 1,056 are students Since Aug. 17, the University’s COVID tracker has reported 1,234 positive cases of coronavirus in the University community — including faculty, staff, students and contracted employees. University students make up 1,056 of the total positive cases. Sept. 17 marked the highest number of daily reported cases since Aug.17, recording 59 positive cases in the University community. These numbers are only reflective of students who have tested positive through the Student Health & Wellness or the U.Va. Health Clinic. The University COVID tracker dashboard does not include the number of positive student cases that may have been detected with pre-arrival testing. The dashboard also reports 2 percent of the student quarantine rooms to be currently occupied and one percent of student isolation rooms to be occupied. These numbers include students who are in post-travel quarantine.
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U.Va. leadership considers fall semester a success The University hopes to increase in-person course offerings and maintain compliance with public health and safety guidelines next semester Eva Surovell, Ali Sullivan, Jenn Brice & Nik Popli | CD News Staff University President Jim Ryan, Provost Liz Magill and Chief Operating Officer J.J. Davis joined The Cavalier Daily for a Zoom interview Tuesday to recap the fall semester and discuss the University’s plans ahead of an extended winter break. During the interview, they all agreed they are pleased with how the University fared this semester despite the pandemic. Ahead of the fall semester, Ryan said that some of his administration’s goals were to bring students back and give them as positive of an experience as possible while being safe, as well as to not endanger the Charlottesville community. Under these metrics, Ryan said that he would consider the semester a success. “Back in August and early September, most people were saying it was going to be impossible for us to have students back, to keep them safe and keep classes in person, and that’s essentially what’s happened,” Ryan said. This semester, approximately 30 percent of University classes were conducted with an in-person component. University administrators have seen no evidence of COVID-19 transmission within these classroom environments. Magill noted that in looking toward the spring semester, increasing the University’s in-person offerings is a major academic priority — one that has been helped by increased testing capacity and the knowledge that there has been no known classroom transmission. Some ideas for in-person opportunities next semester include encouraging students to form study pods, holding office hours on the Lawn or teaching large lecture classes in a stadium. “The biggest challenge is delivering on the educational mission for students,” Magill said, adding that online classes and socially distanced classrooms with plexiglass shields is a much different experience than students are accustomed to. “The efforts by students and faculty have been nothing short of heroic.” While Ryan said that there have definitely been “bumps along the road” when it comes to student compliance with the University’s public health guidelines, he said that the vast majority of students have been taking the health and safety guidelines seriously. The University adjusted its approach to bringing students back to Grounds throughout the semester — first postponing on-Grounds move-in and in-person classes to two weeks after the start of online classes, then relocating hundreds of students’ residential housing assignments to increase quarantine and isolation capacity just before the rescheduled movein date.
KHUYEN DINH | THE CAVALIER DAILY
All students will be required to participate in pre-arrival testing ahead of the spring semester.
Since Aug. 17, the University’s COVID-19 tracker has recorded 1,234 cases of COVID-19 within the University community, of which 1,056 are students. Cases peaked in mid-September — about a week after the delayed undergraduate move-in date — with a single-day high of 59 cases reported on Sept. 17, of which 57 were students. Among those 1,056 total student cases, however, Ryan said that no University students have been hospitalized for COVID-19. There currently are 20 COVID-19-related hospitalizations within the U.Va. Health system, three which are new as of Nov. 17. As a response to the early rise in cases, the University announced new restrictions Sept. 22 to limit gatherings from groups of 15 to just five people, restrict travel to and from Charlottesville and enforce use of facial coverings at all times. Originally supposed to last at least two weeks, the enforcement rules were eventually extended and remained in place until Oct. 13. Most recently, Dean of Students Allen Groves emailed students Sunday about recent reports of gatherings over the new 10-person limit during the weekend of Halloween and the following weekend at an Albemarle County winery. Ryan noted that to his knowledge, there has been no evidence of University transmission of the virus into the Charlottesville and Albemarle community. The area has avoided surges seen across the Commonwealth, with many citing the University’s aggressive
approach to controlling student cases as a potential key factor, along with local mask compliance. The current seven-day moving average for the Thomas Jefferson Health District is 15.14, comprising data of the City of Charlottesville and Albemarle County along with Fluvanna, Greene, Louisa and Nelson Counties. Charlottesville and Albemarle reported a combined total of 21 cases Wednesday. Though Ryan said that he hopes students return from winter break with the understanding that it is still important to follow University COVID-19 guidelines, he acknowledged that the longer the pandemic lasts, the harder it will be to maintain compliance. He described the possibility that students may sidestep COVID-19 restrictions as the pandemic drags on as “a constant worry.” “In some respects, complying with the health and safety guidelines will be even more important next semester because we’ll all be spending more time inside, which is higher risk,” Ryan said. “Everyone is going to have to come back determined to comply again and comply all the way through.” As COVID-19 cases continue to rise across the country, Magill said that the University administration continues to meet daily with its epidemiology team to discuss the University’s response. While their largest concern is travel in and out of Charlottesville, Magill said that the University continues to track hospital capacity and supplies as well.
All students will be required to participate in pre-arrival testing through LetsGetChecked prior to returning to Grounds in February following an extended winter break. The University plans to conduct post-arrival testing of all students within five to seven days of the start of the semester. Prevalence testing, symptomatic testing and wastewater testing will continue throughout the spring semester. Next semester’s quarantine and isolation capacity may likewise be subject to change. Throughout the fall semester, quarantine and isolation housing occupancy remained below 50 percent capacity, largely due to the volume of quarantine spaces available — roughly 1,500. Along with converting several on-Grounds residences to quarantine and isolation spaces, the University booked several hotels in the Charlottesville area for the duration of the semester. Davis said the University is currently evaluating the spring semester’s quarantine offerings. “We’ll make sure we have the appropriate number of isolation and quarantine beds to meet the needs of whatever the virus throws at us, but we might do it a bit differently in how we procure the hotels,” Davis said. Quarantine housing is currently 2 percent occupied, and isolation space sits at 1 percent capacity. “One thing that we decided is that it would be better to have too much quarantine and isolation space rather
than too little,” Ryan added. “And I think that will be our guiding principle next semester as well.” The University leaders praised the efforts of research faculty and staff behind saliva screening measures, who worked to make the testing accessible to the University community. First announced in early September, the saliva screening program was up and running by October, with 557 tests administered between Oct. 1 and Oct. 8. Last week, 8,655 total tests were administered between Nov. 8 and Nov. 14, according to the COVID-19 tracker, which includes results from U.Va. Health Analytics, Student Health, Employee Health, testing vendor LetsGetChecked and saliva screening. Of these, 7,871 were conducted on students and 784 on University employees. Magill and Davis, along with Chief Medical Advisor Dr. Mitchell Rosner, announced Nov. 5 that all University students — both on- and off-Grounds — can take a pre-departure test before returning home for Thanksgiving. Davis reiterated that the University continues to watch national and local trends daily and acknowledged that pre-testing upon students’ return in February will be a crucial aspect of plans going forward. “We are uniquely positioned to have very low COVID numbers here, but we are cognizant that people will travel home,” Davis said. “So I think we put the right measures in place, hopefully, to have a successful spring semester. But we’re always monitoring.”
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RAs reflect on semester amid pandemic With less than two weeks left in the semester, resident advisors reflect on a unique semester and their role in supporting first-year residents Stratton Marsh | Staff Writer With students living closely together in dorms, one important factor in minimizing the number of positive COVID-19 test results has been the enforcement of University policies, including mask-wearing, social distancing and group-gathering limits. Enforcement often falls to resident advisors, who have been on the front lines of the University’s efforts to limit positive cases of COVID-19 in onGrounds residence halls. Along with enforcing COVID-19 guidelines, RAs are responsible for all of the duties of a normal semester, such as helping first years make friends, adjust to college classes and find their interests at the University. On top of that, they must deal with their own workload and mental health during this unique semester. Although students have been on Grounds since move-in began Sept. 3, this semester has not looked normal. Most classes are online, students are required to limit group gatherings to 10 people and masks are everywhere. All three of the resident advisors interviewed for this article requested to stay anonymous to prevent any potential negative repercussions from Housing and Residence Life. Mary — a third year — is in her first year as an RA, and she says that enforcing University policies has been difficult. “If I see people [gathering] in lounges, it’s uncomfortable, but I have to ask them to separate,” Mary said. “If I see guests, I have to ask the guests to leave. Even with gatherings that I know are really innocent, it’s hard. As awkward as it is, you have to step in and say something.” Earlier in the semester, there were outbreaks in various first-year dorms, including Balz-Dobie, Lefevre, Echols, Kellogg and Hancock. Throughout late August and September, the number of COVID-19 cases reported by the University COVID Tracker increased steadily, reaching a peak of 59 new positive cases per day Sept. 17. In response, the University implemented new restrictions — they decreased the gathering size to five individuals, implemented stricter mask requirements and restricted all non-essential travel. The University announced Oct. 13 that it would begin testing on-Grounds residents once every 9 days. Another RA, Jack, found that one of the difficulties he had with enforcement was after the reduction in gathering size from 15 people to five people. “After the five person limit, a lot of people who used to hang out in groups of over five people were like, ‘It’s fine, no one will notice [if we continue to hang out in larger groups],’” Jack said. “And then RAs seem to have
to kind of intervene and be like, ‘Hey, guys, you need to split into smaller groups.’ Especially hanging outdoors, they think that it’s fine to not wear a mask.” The gathering size has since been increased to 10 people, and the number of new daily positive cases steadily decreased from the end of September through mid-November. Sydney, another RA, says that it has been tough to enforce the no-guest policy in dorms — first years are not allowed to be in any dorm but their own. Sydney explained that many of her residents and their friends got COVID-19 earlier in the semester, so they think that they can’t get it again and want to be able to visit each other in different dorms. “It becomes a slippery slope be-
keeping students on Grounds until winter break and keeping her residents safe. “We’re not here to be narcs or anything — we’re truly here to help them,” Sydney said. “We’re just trying to make sure that everybody’s safe.” One of the jobs of resident advisors is helping first years adjust to life in college and make friends. The nature of the semester means that RAs cannot hold hall meetings in person, which makes hosting events to help first years meet each other more difficult. However, Sydney said that she had found ways to get to know her residents. She plays basketball and tennis with some of her residents and finds time to chat with others in passing or at meals. Sydney became an RA because her
friends in previous semesters, she feels like this semester their concerns are about how overwhelmed they are. “I don’t know how to handle certain instances where students say, ‘I’m really sad and this whole semester doesn’t make any sense to me,’” Mary said. “The best I can say is, ‘I understand what you’re going through. I’m really sorry that you’re feeling this way, can I refer you to CAPS?’ And that’s the extent of what I can do.” Mental health has been a concern for many during the pandemic, with social distancing requirements and online instruction meaning that typical in-person social interactions aren’t possible right now. Resident advisors may be the first resource first years turn to when in need of academic advice or when
KHUYEN DINH | THE CAVALIER DAILY
Back in August, resident advisors submitted a petition to Housing and Residence Life requesting that their meal plan be expanded given that they can’t use the common kitchens because of the pandemic, that they be given adequate personal protective equipment and that they receive financial compensation or hazard pay.
cause I think there’s this [idea] where if you get COVID, you can’t get it for another three months,” Sydney said. “So then people start using that as an excuse at times ... and then they bring people from other dorms.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that cases of COVID-19 reinfection have been reported but remain rare. As ongoing studies work to determine the nature of reinfection, the CDC recommends individuals practice social distancing, hand washing and mask wearing regardless of prior infection. At the same time, Sydney said that her goal from the beginning has been
own resident advisor when she was a first-year student was so helpful and welcoming when she arrived at the University as an out-of-state student. “I just wanted to be that person for other students who might be coming out from out-of-state or even just in-state, fostering that inclusive and diverse community for everyone,” Sydney said. Mary has tried to get to know her residents by holding office hours where her residents can drop by and chat with her. However, she says that the nature of the conversations has changed — while residents might have had questions about classes or making
overwhelmed by the COVID-19 pandemic. “The thing about my job is that there’s no beginning and end time,” Mary said. “It’s not like a 9-to-5 job, you’re on the job 24/7 … Even if I’m really tired, I have an obligation to be there for them, especially because like their parents might not be or they may not have access to their advisor right then.” Sydney expressed similar concerns about helping her residents and dealing with her own mental health. “As far as how professors have dealt with COVID and switched to the online formatting, they haven’t re-
ally accommodated students’ mental health,” Sydney said. “I feel like at least for me the workload now is the same as it would have been in a regular semester.” The University recently announced its academic schedule for the spring 2021 semester — which includes delaying the start of classes until Feb. 1 and replacing spring break with “mental health days” throughout the semester. The spring will look similar to this semester, with a mixture of online and in-person classes and a credit/general credit/no credit grading option. When asked what he was hoping for going into next semester, Jack replied that he hoped students would comply with University COVID-19 guidelines. “I’m also hoping people would be better adapted to the virtual lifestyle by [then] and start using more of the virtual means to hang out and communicate instead of in person means to decrease the risk of contracting COVID,” Jack said. Sydney expressed that one concern she had going into next semester was helping first years who stayed at home during fall semester adjust to life on Grounds if they decide to come to Charlottesville in the spring. Back in August, resident advisors submitted a petition to Housing and Residence Life requesting that their meal plan be expanded given that they can’t use the common kitchens because of the pandemic, that they be given adequate personal protective equipment and that they receive financial compensation or hazard pay. Jack said that although he understands that hazard pay for all RAs might be unrealistic, he hoped for an increased meal plan and plus dollar options. Another challenge that he has is being able to stay in contact with friends. RAs are also not allowed to bring guests into their rooms, but Jack wishes that there were spaces dedicated to RAs where they could safely gather with a friend or RAs from other buildings. “If RAs were able to have their own communal spaces or privileges where they can bring in one or two other RAs from other buildings, that would have been really accommodating,” Jack said. When asked what she needed from the University community right now, Mary replied that she needed support. “It would really help if everyone checked in on their friends, and really checked in with them, like made sure that they’re doing well physically, emotionally, mentally,” Mary said. “If everyone chips in and checks on each other, it’d be less of a burden on [residential] staff.”
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U.Va. Health workers begin to unionize United Campus Workers of Virginia sent a survey to all employees of U.Va. Health in order to better understand hospital workplace conditions Maryann Xue | Senior Writer United Campus Workers of Virginia at U.Va. — a union open to anyone who receives a paycheck from the University, including students, medical employees, faculty and staff — published a press release Nov. 12 calling for the unionization of hospital employees. According to the press release, the union is seeking to organize hospital workers due to reasons such as “top-down approaches to management, inadequate staffing and subpar wages.” The press release is the first public attempt by the union to increase membership of hospital employees. A patient care technician at the University Hospital, who asked to remain anonymous, cited the importance of joining a labor union in order to create better working conditions. “I feel very strongly that hospital workers and all workers at U.Va. need a legal entity through which we can collectively push back on leadership and gain more power for ourselves and more say in how our workplaces are run,” he said. An email was sent by UCWVA-U. Va. to around 5,000 U.Va. Health employees Nov. 13 and 14, asking them to fill out a workplace survey sharing their experiences working in the health system. Workers were asked to what extent they were confident that their health insurance and workplace could provide them with care and support if they got sick, as well as if they could afford the bills under their current health insurance plan. They were also asked about the frequency in which they encounter unsafe circumstances for themselves and patients while working — both before and during the pandemic. Additionally, the survey asked workers to what extent they agreed with the statements that they were not fairly compensated for their jobs, were assigned more work than they could safely do and would like more say in decision-making. Workers could also describe any instances of discrimination they had faced at the workplace and whether they were comfortable reporting these incidents. According to the patient care technician, problems in the hospital workplace are systemic but have been made worse in the context of the pandemic. “We were already a slightly understaffed hospital and we became a very understaffed hospital,” he said. “There have been decisions made about how to handle the staffing situation during this pandemic that were made by upper management without much input from the frontline workers who actually have to deal with the working conditions.”
EMMA KLEIN | THE CAVALIER DAILY
The survey’s two primary goals were to identify hospital worker issues and build worker power, namely for hospital workers to express inadequacies in the workplace and have a way to get in touch with the union and each other to build collective strength.
The patient care technician mentioned that the University Health System currently has a staffing shortage that has resulted from financial struggles during the pandemic. Nurse-topatient ratios vary from unit to unit in the hospital and differ from week to week. According to the patient care technician, ratios should ideally stand at 2:1 in the ICU, 3:1 in intermediate care, and 4:1 in acute care. During the pandemic, however, nurses have had to care for five or six patients in acute care units, which used to be a rare occurrence. In April, the health system reported an $85 million deficit per month as surgeries and clinical visits declined by 70 percent and 90 percent, respectively, leading to salary reductions for hospital leadership and furloughs of hospital employees in order for the hospital to secure financial stability. These financial mitigation measures ended in July, but the repercussions are still felt by hospital workers. Eric Swensen, Public Information Officer of the University Health System, provided a statement on behalf of the health system indicating their commitment to ensuring the safety of their employees. “The University values the input of our employee community and we have engaged stakeholders from across the University and broader communities throughout the Return to Grounds process,” Swensen said in an email to The Cavalier Daily. “We recognize the tremendous challenge the pandemic has posed for U.Va. Health and its valued employees and we continue to
work with them to address their concerns. The safety of every member of our community remains our highest priority.” According to the patient care technician, U.Va. Health is currently hiring a few hundred nurses in order to address the staffing shortages, but he wonders if their actions will be good enough to ensure staffing stability in the long term. Ida Hoequist, a graduate student in the department of anthropology, is part of the committee that released the survey. The survey’s two primary goals were to identify hospital worker issues and build worker power, namely for hospital workers to express inadequacies in the workplace and have a way to get in touch with the union and each other to build collective strength. Despite being on the committee, Hoequist was not involved in creating the survey questions. The survey resulted from several months of effort and was written entirely by hospital workers who identified the need for a survey in the first place. “That’s UCWVA’s mission of how [workplaces] should run in a nutshell,” Hoequist said. “The people directly affected by decisions should be the ones who make [them], whether that’s as simple as what goes on the survey or as huge as staffing shortages at the hospital.” Three hospital workers were on the team that created the survey. One of them, who asked to remain anonymous, works at a clinic helping with patient access, which involves sched-
uling, doing paperwork, and checking patients in and out. In making the survey, she used her own experiences as well as concerns they heard from their coworkers in order to come up with questions that everyone would have an opinion on. Beyond staffing shortages, the patient access worker was particularly concerned about a new absenteeism policy implemented early in the year that applied to all health system employees. Previously, all absences and tardies throughout the year were cleared on Jan. 1, but now they accumulate. Employees can have up to five tardies and five absences before receiving a write-up. If they go 180 days without absences and tardies — the two being counted separately — they can effectively “drop” one of their accumulated absences. According to the worker, the only excusable reasons for being absent are testing positive for COVID-19, a handful of other infectious diseases, and diarrhea. “I just thought this policy was obviously very top down,” the patient access worker said. “There was no consultation with the actual people who have to abide by this policy. If there’s a problem with absenteeism, maybe [management] could look into why. Maybe [they] could ask. Maybe we could work together to find a solution that works for everybody. The patient access worker was also worried about employee burnout, which had existed prior to the pandemic but had only worsened due to increased stress about wearing PPE
and being surrounded by germs. Additionally, due to patient privacy, if one of her coworkers tests positive for COVID, she isn’t informed. She believes that some kind of notification system is necessary to protect employees from exposure. Hoequist expressed that a lot of the concerns brought up by workers predate COVID-19, and that these existing inequities have only been highlighted and exacerbated by the pandemic. “In a way, I want to say the pandemic makes everything sharper and feel more urgent, but it hasn’t so much created problems as worsened what’s already there,” Hoequist said. Currently, the union has over 100 members, with only around 10 of those members being hospital workers. The University employs nearly 30,000 people, around 12,000 of which are health system employees. For many hospital workers, a union is a forum to connect with others who share similar experiences and a way to have a voice in addressing collective concerns about the workplace. “I can’t think of anyone who doesn’t have a decent work ethic that I work with,” the anonymous patient access representative said. “I wish management would trust us more to do what’s right, but also take care of ourselves. That’s why I think we just really need a voice. If there’s an issue, let’s get together and talk about it and see how we can resolve it in a way where everybody is happy — management, workers, and patients.”
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International students discuss logistics, challenges International students report stressing about visa laws and missing friends in Charlottesville Sevy Van Der Werf | Senior Writer
CELINA HU | THE CAVALIER DAILY
Political changes regarding visa laws have made travel for international students less certain.
This fall, international students have faced restricted travel, challenges related to online classes and difficulty connecting with other University students, regardless of whether they are studying in Charlottesville or abroad. One aspect that has made international travel less certain is the recent political changes surrounding international students’ VISA statuses. In early July, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement tightened regulations by planning to revoke the VISA status of international students attending universities that were only offering courses online. The University quickly clarified that it would be running a hybrid semester with some in-person courses, but these changing regulations — which have since been revoked — still created an environment of uncertainty. Third-year College student Parth Kasat, from Mumbai, India, currently lives in an apartment in Charlottesville. He said that he thinks that the International Studies Office has done a good job of keeping international students informed about the changing American regulations. “The ISO office has been really good at communicating with us,” Kasat said. “And making sure we’re informed on the latest, you know, the situation that’s happening and travel situations and accommodation and stuff like that.” Even if visa laws remain stable in the U.S., international students also have to worry about their ability to
return home due to measures other countries are taking to control the entry of travelers from the U.S., which currently has 11 million COVID-19 cases as of Nov. 15. The European Union, Australia and China have all implemented regulations targeted at travelers from the U.S. Second-year College student Kehui Chen and fourth-year College student Yuying Zhang have both encountered barriers to visiting their families in China because of new travel regulations. As of Nov. 7, China requires passengers to present two negative COVID-19 test results, both taken within 48 hours of boarding a flight to the country. Zhang said that these tests are difficult for University students to access, as they aren’t available in Charlottesville. She said that the closest tests are available in Sterling, Va. — about two hours away. Chen said that she has changed her winter break plans as a direct result of this new testing policy. “I initially planned to go back this winter, but I decided not to because of [the new regulations],” Chen said. “And I’m quite sad. Because students in China, they’re having fun.” Due to this uncertainty about ability to travel internationally, a challenge international students have faced is the decision of where to spend the fall and upcoming spring semesters. With the recent uncertainty of international travel due to COVID-19, and the ability to access Uni-
versity classes online, the decision to live in Charlottesville is no longer the default. Second-year College student Ria Kharosekar currently attends virtual classes from India and decided to stay home in part due to the significantly higher cost international students have to pay to live on Grounds. “So my parents and I weighed the costs of coming back, because the costs of coming back include higher tuition than anybody else, plus the housing, plus the plane tickets,” Kharosekar said. “And since everyone was online anyway, it kind of just made more sense to stay.” Second-year College student Deniz Özer currently studies in Turkey and is considering coming back to Charlottesville for the spring semester. However, her parents are worried by the much higher COVID-19 case numbers in the U.S., which has more than 20 times the number of cases than Turkey. “My parents are especially worried,” Özer said. “Because they know that life is normal here, and then they’re just like, ‘what are you going to do there?’” Upperclassmen said that studying outside of the U.S. has been bittersweet, because while they get to spend more time with family, they feel removed from friends living in Charlottesville. “I’m here over festival season, eating home-cooked food,” Kharosekar
said, referring to the five-day festival of Diwali. “Like that’s all great, but I’m also missing my friends, and I miss Charlottesville. I miss feeling like a University student.” Kharosekar added that she’s had to follow an unusual schedule to keep up with her online classes. “The time difference is hard,” Kharosekar said. “I don’t think it ever gets easier — I take a nap in the afternoon, and then I wake up, and then I do stuff, and then I go to bed at a normal time but then I have to wake up in the middle of the night.” Özer said that she also feels like classes are not scheduled well for international students because professors do not assume that students are halfway around the world when structuring classes. “Because the international population is so small, everyone just assumes that everyone’s in Fredericksburg, or like, Richmond,” Özer said. “That’s just not the case.” Özer had multiple exams scheduled from 12 p.m. to 12 a.m. EST, which is 8 p.m. to 8 a.m. TRT. Özer said that she has been able to get 12 hour extensions for these assignments in some, but not all, of her classes. Many first-year international students are taking classes online without having ever seen Grounds in-person. Kasat said that taking classes online has been manageable for him as a third-year student, but said that it has been much harder for first-years
because they have never had a chance to build a community on Grounds. “I’m a third year so I’m kind of used to U.Va. by now, but I know a few fellow first-year international students who struggled a lot,” Kasat said. First-year College student Adi Raghavan, who currently studies in Mumbai, said that he and other firstyear international students think they have missed out on parts of their college experiences. “The first experience is not how it should be, and everybody’s like, not connected,” Raghavan said. “It’s hard for everybody. But there’s still just this thought nagging, ‘I think I’m missing out.’” Raghavan has also felt the impact of time zones beyond his classes — he has signed up for multiple CIOs but struggles to attend meetings as most are held well after midnight in Mumbai. As all University students know, the classroom experience has been disrupted by the shift online and the safety precaution necessary to hold in-person classes, with about 92 percent of U.Va.’s classes being held online this fall. Kasat said that he thinks the online class experience has improved since the spring. “This year, we had proper expectations of what was going to go like. We already have some experience of what is going to be like,” Kasat said. “And in general, I think everyone just got used to the idea of Zoom classes. So everyone’s more comfortable talking in lectures.” Zhang, who is taking one class in-person, said that she appreciates how much in-person education contributes to her experience as an international student by giving her a way to meet students outside of her group of friends, even with all the restrictions due to COVID-19. “That’s been just a light in the week because I get to just get out of the door for a while,” Zhang said. “Especially for international students, or for people from a different culture, I find it difficult to have ‘small talk’ with others anymore.” Through all of these challenges that international students are facing, Zhang said that it has been important to have a strong international student community. She pointed to organizations like LingXi Chinese Theatre, which recently held a play over Zoom. “I think that is something that we can do ourselves, be more aware of having a community around you to support you,” Zhang said. “A lot of things that people used to do — in terms of art, in terms of music, things that make people happy — they are still doing online which is really great.”
The Cavalier Daily
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 7
Students share experiences fostering pets in a pandemic With virtual classes restricting social interaction, students find companionship in providing a temporary home for foster pets Nayeon Kim | Features Writer
ELISE KIM | THE CAVALIER DAILY, COURTESY ANNIE HEATH & NANCY KURTIC
Due to decreased socialization, some University students have decided to provide temporary homes for furry friends this semester.
Social interactions have continued to dwindle ever since the pandemic hit in March, and nearly all in-person social gatherings — whether that means class, dinner with friends or workout groups — have been replaced with Zoom calls and screen time. Due to decreased socialization, some University students have decided to provide temporary homes for furry friends this semester. Through the Charlottesville Albemarle Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, students have applied to foster cats and dogs from the local shelter. The application process to foster is simple — fill out the online application found on the CASPCA website or email about inquiries to volunteer. If the application is accepted, students will be placed on an on-call list to be matched with eligible animals that require a foster home — usually kittens and dogs too young for adoption, animals recovering from
injury or pets who may just need a break from the stress of living in the shelter. Fourth-year College student Nancy Kurtic has been fostering for CASPCA since her second year. While fostering during the pandemic, Kurtic has noticed that the amount of time she keeps her foster animals has been shortening, as animals have been adopted a lot faster than normal. As adopters look to find pets to have companionship during these turbulent times, many students have similarly applied to foster out of an inability to permanently provide a home to the animals at the shelter. For fourth-year College student Annie Heath, fostering cats was a way for her to volunteer her time for a good cause and keep her occupied during quarantine. “Something I think really helps with mental health is caring for something else and [just] having some sort of purpose,” Heath said.
“[My roommate and I are] both struggling with COVID [and] just being stuck inside all the time. Having something to look after is very helpful [in dealing with COVID-19], so I think that’s partly why we decided to keep doing it.” One of the many types of animals in need of temporary shelter are often stray litters that are brought into the shelter and are too young for spaying and neutering. For third-year Education student Kacie Park, there was a learning curve that came with her first fostering experience, as she is taking care of not just one, but three of these kittens. “This was my first time ever raising cats or kittens, and so I definitely had to do some research on how to take care of them … even [carrying] out simple stuff like cleaning their litter box,” Park said. “I think one thing that [was] difficult was … I thought that kittens were more independent and they’re just meant
to be alone, but the kittens that we got were very affectionate … requiring a lot of attention.” It is important to note that while taking care of animals can be fun and provide companionship, there is a lot of responsibility and commitment that comes with taking up the task to be a foster home. Luckily, CASPCA takes care of some of the financial responsibilities that arise during a volunteer’s time as a temporary home, including medical fees to food provisions, to make sure that the new foster home has everything it needs to become a place of comfort for the animal. However, for those who are fostering in apartment complexes, there are other factors such as pet fees and noise levels to consider during the length of the animal’s stay. There are also some exceptions to the availability of provisions that may restrict access to some of other necessities for the foster animals. “What they actually say on
the website is a little misleading, I think, because they say [they’ll] provide all the materials, and that’s true if they have the materials available … they’ll have dog food, and cat food but [food for] kittens is harder to find,” Heath said. “The litter box we had to get ourselves, and then litter as well … a good place to look for materials are thrift stores. So SPCA has a rummage-through store ... but we have had to pay for some stuff out of pocket.” Even if volunteers may have experience in fostering numerous animals, the learning curve is always present, Kurtic said. Each dog and cat has its own unique personality, which makes the commitment, care and attention that each animal needs different. Kurtic, who has fostered eight dogs for CASPCA, has had plenty of unique challenges and rewards from her long-term experience. “I think the hardest part is always the first couple days, because they are very scared and confused … [But] I get pretty sad once they get adopted,” Kurtic said. “I mean I’m happy for them, but it’s still a little hard to let them go. I guess that’s the hardest part, [but] the most rewarding part is definitely seeing how much they grow … and seeing them be able to trust people again … and how far they come in the short time that they live with us.” As students weigh both the hardships and rewards they gain from being a new or returning foster parent, the responsibility that comes with each application should not be forgotten, according to Park. Although it might be a temporary commitment, each moment an animal spends in a new home is a defining part of their lives and students should understand the duty that comes with the commitment. “I think a lot of college students kind of just foster for the heck of it, and I think that’s great because it definitely gets animals out of the shelters and gives them a place to be in a family,” Park said. “But students [should be] aware of responsibilities that come with it — in terms of really trying to find a loving home for them as foster parents [so] that they can get adopted [and] also making sure that your home environment is a place where they can receive affection.”
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Residential colleges work to foster community this fall How student leaders and administrators are working to maintain a sense of normalcy in residential colleges during COVID-19 Sally Stouffer | Features Writer
TAYLOR WEIGAND | THE CAVALIER DAILY
The International Residential College has adapted by hosting virtual events like online game nights, discussions about politics and current events and Zoom dinners with interesting faculty and staff like former University President Teresa Sullivan.
During a typical year, students living in Brown College, International Residential College and Hereford Residential College would enjoy spending time together, sharing their meals and embracing the living-learning community. This year, however, looks very different. University public health restrictions have required masks to be used by everyone on Grounds and banned gatherings over 10 people, making it impossible to hold community gatherings as is done in a normal year. Additionally, several residential college buildings have been converted into quarantine housing, including the IRC, which typically houses around 300 students. Hereford Residential College Principal Karen Inkelas addressed how this has been a challenging year to foster a sense of community. “We made the decision to put on the shelf some of our larger events that we knew would gather more than 10 people typically — like movie on the hill and we usually do things like retreats at the beginning of fall — because we couldn’t figure out a way to do that in person and also maintain social distance guidelines,” Inkelas said. “We have been doing some things online which have been
hit or miss — it kind of depends on what they are.” Hailey Joyce — third-year College student and Brown College Grand Poobah, a student leader who coordinates with the administration and Hill Staff and co-leads the residential college’s governance board — also expressed some of this year’s obstacles due to COVID-19. “It’s been difficult for sure because Brown very much has its own culture, and it’s very social and everybody’s very tight knit. And so it’s been difficult for everybody to have to choose who’s gonna be within their unmasked group, basically, and what they’re gonna do,” Joyce said. “But everybody’s been doing really well. We’ve had three testing sweeps in which no one in Brown has tested positive, so it’s really just us holding each other accountable.” Although these restrictions make it difficult to experience a normal semester in any of the residential colleges, students and administrators are working hard to translate events to virtual formats or hold them while following social distancing guidelines. Joyce described some of the modified events Brown College has been able to host.
“Almost every single night, there’s like a Discord event or there’s a Zoom thing — we play Among Us, there’s movie nights, there’s trivia,” Joyce said. “The [new resident liaisons] have transfer talks, and there are Zoom parties and everything. We still have our big little program and we’re encouraged to reach out to them every once in a while and make sure they’re doing well.” Brown College was also able to host a modified version of its staple event, Hauntings on the Hill, on Halloween, in which students build and staff their own haunted house to benefit charity. This year, the students made sure all the actors were six feet apart, wore masks underneath their costume masks and had guests sign up to walk through in pairs. “Usually that’s one of our huge events during the semester,” Joyce said. “To maintain some sense of normalcy, we still put it on. Plus it was on a Saturday so we wanted to provide alternate programming during Halloween from some of the probably more unsafe things that were going on.” To help ease the first years’ transition during such an unprecedented time, Hereford Residential College added a new one-credit course solely
for first-year students to learn more about what a residential college is and about the community of Hereford specifically. “Students, unfortunately, are not able to interact in the way they could in the past,” Inkelas said. “So in some ways, that course served as a way for our first-year students to meet each other because otherwise they’re on different floors or different buildings and they may never cross paths because it’s not really encouraged at this point to do so. So that’s one way that we intentionally try to foster a sense of community.” Unfortunately, the IRC was abruptly closed right before the semester began to make space for more isolation and quarantine housing, leading residents to be assigned to different dorms across Grounds and making it virtually impossible to host any in-person events. However, the IRC has adapted by hosting virtual events like online game nights, discussions about politics and current events and Zoom dinners with interesting faculty and staff like former University President Teresa Sullivan. Additionally, the IRC has been granted special permission to host weekly, socially-distanced gatherings called “Free Food Fridays.” Nicholas
Lansing, second-year College student and IRC member, described his experience after having attended several of these in-person events. “I’ve loved every event that I’ve gone to because, for the most part, they’ve established a little bit of normalcy and routine to my schedule away from the computer screen,” Lansing said. This was disappointing to many students, including Mae Hovland, third-year Architecture student and minister of community operations for the IRC. “Obviously we don’t have an in-person community this year with being shut down, but we’ve had some online meetings,” Hovland said. Although Zoom is a great way to maintain connection safely, especially to include students who were not able to return to Grounds this semester, students have also expressed Zoom fatigue. Jay Meoung Choi, second-year College student and co-consul of Hereford Residential College, described some of the difficulties faced when planning events on Zoom. “We used to have game nights and stuff like that, but ... Zoom is very bad, like it’s tiring,” Choi said. “We tried having virtual events, but it didn’t really get a great response from the students because they were tired of Zoom … people didn’t like to use Zoom, even during the weekends.” Although it has been a challenging year for everyone, residential colleges have still found creative ways to maintain a sense of community. For example, Hereford typically hosts a bi-weekly event called Dumplings with Huoban in which students enjoy dumplings and discuss Asian American themes with Caren Freeman, Hereford’s director of studies and anthropology professor. This year this event is held on Zoom, but students are still able to pick up individually-packaged dumplings for the discussion. In Brown College, students have hosted several socially distanced bonfires and enjoy community-made playlists. “In some respects I think because we can’t form a community in typical ways this year, it’s really underscored what residential colleges are good for,” Inkelas said. “Because this is one of the few places you can form a community, even under the extraordinary circumstances we find ourselves in. It really showed me what the real purpose of Residential Colleges are. Because we’re able to do this even under very difficult, challenging times.”
The Cavalier Daily
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 9
Previewing 2020-21 Virginia men’s basketball No. 4 Virginia returns to the floor following a long hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which canceled last year’s NCAA Tournament Jude Nanaw | Associate Writer Coming into last season, expectations were high for the Virginia men’s basketball team following their 2019 national championship victory. Though the team struggled in the early stages of the season — mainly due to the departures of former guards Kyle Guy, De’Andre Hunter and Ty Jerome — the Cavaliers eventually found their footing. The 2019-20 Virginia squad stood at a record of 23-7, including 15-5 in the ACC — good enough for second place. Furthermore, the Cavaliers were on an eight-game winning streak before the season was halted due to the coronavirus pandemic. While the offense often looked flat-footed and stagnant, the Virginia defense proved to be a nightmare for opposing teams, which led to several signature wins — including a thrilling 52-50 victory over Duke. With one week to go before the start of the 2020-21 season, the Cavaliers are slated to face a similar challenge in filling the void left behind by departed players. However, this time it will be the open spots of former guard Braxton Key and former forward Mamadi Diakite that will force Virginia to be resilient once again. Projected starting lineup The Cavaliers lost two starters from last season’s squad in Diakite and Key. Diakite’s defensive presence in the frontcourt paired well with Key’s rebounding and defending abilities from the wing. Offensively, Diakite had a knack for sinking baskets in crunch time. However, the team appears to be solid at a number of other positions in its starting lineup. Junior guard Kihei Clark will certainly be the Cavaliers’ primary ball-handler, as he proved last season that he can step up when called upon. Starting all 30 games last year, Clark averaged 10.8 points and 5.9 assists per game and boasts the speed and energy to continue being a quality defender. Also returning to the starting lineup will be senior forward Jay Huff. Huff looks to continue to do it all on both ends of the court. Huff notched many signature games last season — including a 10-block bonanza against Duke — and averaged 8.5 points, 6.2 rebounds and 2.0 blocks per game. Along with Clark and Huff, the final sure-fire starter will be senior forward Sam Hauser. After redshirting last season, Virginia fans have been left on the edge of their seats awaiting Hauser’s debut in blue and orange. The Marquette transfer averaged an
impressive 14.9 points, 7.2 rebounds and 2.4 assists per game during the 2018-2019 season — the last time he was on the floor — helping lead Marquette to a fifth-seed position in the NCAA tournament. Known for his stellar three-point shooting ability, Hauser used his redshirt season to fine-tune his defense in order to contribute as much as possible on both ends of the floor. With Clark, Huff and Hauser almost certainly slated to start, there are question marks for the remaining guard and forward slots. At guard, there is a strong possibility that senior guard Tomas Woldetensae will have his number called to join the starting lineup. The Bologna, Italy native drew many eyes when he went 10-for-13 from the field and drilled seven three-pointers against Louisville back in February. Woldetensae leading the team with 52 three-pointers and being a formidable starter in the backcourt beside Clark are just two additional reasons for him to be granted a starting role this time around as well. The more notable question is which direction Coach Tony Bennett will choose to go with for the other forward position. There is a possibility that redshirt freshman forward Kadin Shedrick gets the nod due to his impressive size at 6-foot-11. Among other possibilities, Bennett could also go in the direction of shifting around the starters that are already locked in order to slide sophomore guard Casey Morsell into the lineup. Freshmen and other key rotational players Much like previous years, the 202021 season will welcome a number of new faces to the team. Among them are freshman guards Jabri Abdur-Rahim and Reece Beekman. Hailing from South Orange, N.J., Abdur-Rahim earned the New Jersey Gatorade Player of the Year honor in 2018-19 and looked impressive during the first two games of his 2019-20 campaign before an injury cut his season short. On the other hand, many fans are excited to see Beekman on the floor after he nearly averaged a triple-double in 2019-20, posting 19.4 points, 9.1 rebounds and 9.9 assists per game. Also joining Abdur-Rahim and Beekman are freshman guards Carson McCorkle and Malachi Poindexter. As it currently stands, Beekman and Abdur-Rahim look set to play a crucial role at the outset with the potential to start earlier in the season, while McCorkle and Poindexter may redshirt
to preserve eligibility. Known for typically sticking to a seven- or eight-man rotation, it will be interesting to see which returning players Bennett has competing for minutes this season. Junior guard Kody Stattman proved to be a solid contributor in several games last year while sophomore center Francisco Caffaro may also receive quality minutes due to his size and physicality down low. The prospect of sophomore forward Justin McKoy seeing the floor more often will be something to keep an eye on as well. McKoy has an NBA-caliber build but looked uncertain at times on the court last season as he adjusted to the rigor of ACC basketball. Key narratives heading into the season Will the team be able to replicate their momentum from last season? As previously noted, the Cavaliers were picking up steam in the latter half of the last regular season, including an eight-game winning streak as the regular season closed out. Virginia recorded a string of impressive wins over other national powerhouses including North Carolina, Louisville and Duke. The team certainly had a ton of momentum going in their direction before the season was cut short, leaving some players frustrated. “I think we had a legitimate shot at the championship,” Huff said during the team’s Nov. 9 media day. “The way we were playing especially, I think we would’ve surprised some people because I know early on people were starting to get down on us.” Despite the previous year being far in the rearview mirror, Huff and other teammates believe that some of their momentum will carry over to the 2020-21 campaign. The extended offseason has allowed players to refine their skills and prepare for the opposition. “I think there is some momentum that we can maintain and should maintain, especially the guys that were here,” Huff said. Are the Cavaliers still defending national champions and how important are rankings? Another storyline that has created a buzz on the outside is the fact that the men’s basketball team are still the defending national champions. Though it is technically true that Virginia is still the most recent team to capture the NCAA basketball championship, the narrative is mainly a fun one enjoyed by fans. The team appears
CHRISTINA ANTON | THE CAVALIER DAILY
Coach Tony Bennett’s squad features seasoned veterans like junior guard Kihei Clark and highly touted prospects like freshman guard Jabri Abdur-Rahim.
to be more so focused on what is ahead of them. “That’s kind of fun to talk about certainly as fans and as part of the program,” Bennett said. “We want the chip-on-your-shoulder [mentality] because this group has not proved it or shown it and that’s what we’re trying to get towards and be the best that we can be without saying, ‘We’re the defending champs’.” Additionally, in the Associated Press Top 25 Preseason Poll, the Cavaliers were ranked fourth in the nation only behind Gonzaga, Baylor and Villanova. Despite it being one of the highest preseason rankings in Virginia history, players and coaches are not placing much emphasis on preseason rankings. “At the end of the day, the only ranking that matters is at the end of the season,” Huff said. “We try to not put a lot of weight on what we’re ranked in the preseason because we know that can change quickly.” How will COVID-19 impact play? This is a question that has been asked far too many times across other sports on both the collegiate and professional levels, and the answer will be not too different when it comes to Virginia basketball. Many expect to see a drastic reduction of in-person attendance at both John Paul Jones Arena and other universities across the country. Players have described the experience of having a very limited or no in-person audience as being similar to that of a scrimmage. “[There is] essentially no homecourt advantage,” Clark said. “It’ll be
interesting and we know that we’re going to have to generate a lot of our own energy throughout the team if there’s not a lot of fans.” Aside from impacting actual games, the coronavirus pandemic has had an impact on the day-to-day lives of players and staff. With the obvious concern of the virus spreading to the team and jeopardizing the season being present, many have had to make sacrifices to keep this concern at bay. “You got to make sacrifices in order to do what you want to do,” Clark said. “So if I [can’t] see as many people that I know just so that we are able to play, then that is something I am willing to do.” The Final Countdown As the team nears the light at the end of the tunnel following a lengthy offseason, expectations for the Cavaliers remain the same. As always, Virginia is expected to be in the mix among other notable teams on a national level, including ACC foes Duke, Florida State and North Carolina, who all joined the Cavaliers in the preseason AP Top 25. Despite the season bound to look very different on multiple fronts, the team is poised to make a run for a second NCAA Championship and continue demonstrating their commitment to excellence. The Cavaliers kick off their 202021 campaign Nov. 25, when they take on Maine at the Mohegan Sun Arena in Uncasville, Conn. Tip-off is set for 2:00 p.m. and the game will be streamed live on FloHoops.
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2020-21 Virginia women’s basketball: A rundown Virginia is looking forward to a new start and a new look in the midst of COVID-19 Maggie Rutherford | Associate Writer The women’s basketball season is quickly approaching, and Virginia is eager for a fresh start and new identity. The 2019-20 season was subpar — Virginia finished with a 13-17 overall record including a 8-10 record in the ACC. With Coach Tina Thompson entering her third season with the team and the prospect of five new recruits and two transfer players, the Cavaliers hope to rewrite the narrative and prove that they can be a successful program. Virginia will kick off the 2020-21 season Nov. 25 against Central Florida in Orlando, Fla. The team will play four non-conference games, followed by 20 games within the ACC. As the season quickly approaches, let’s take a look at the new Cavaliers. Recapping the 2019-20 season The Cavaliers closed out the 2019-20 season with a loss to Syracuse in the second round of the ACC tournament. Shortly after, the NCAA canceled March Madness due to the COVID-19 pandemic, though Virginia was admittedly not expected to be selected for the playing field even if the tournament had continued. While COVID-19 is still prevalent, Virginia and ACC basketball is scheduled to begin competition. Last season, Virginia struggled to find consistency, finishing ninth out of the 15 teams in the ACC. The Cavaliers averaged 61.4 points per game, but allowed 63.1 on average. In the upcoming season, it is critical that Virginia improve on both ends of the floor. Former Virginia guard and captain Jocelyn Willoughby will be greatly missed this season. Willoughby — who was drafted 10th overall in the 2020 WNBA Draft — led the Virginia offense in a way that will be extremely difficult to replace. The 2019-20 Kay Yow winner and All-ACC first-team selection averaged 19.2 points and 7.7 rebounds per game in her senior season. In fact, Willoughby was responsible for nearly one-third of the team’s scoring per game. Although the Cavaliers will have to adapt without Willoughby this season, it’s important to note that she strengthened the team culture and passed her leadership skills down to the younger players. Virginia also graduated a couple other top scorers including guard Dominique Toussaint, who averaged 10.9 points per game,
starting 26 games. In addition to the shot-producing guards, freshman recruits Lawson and Johnson will join forwards Meg Jefferson, Dani Lawson and Tihana Stojsavljevic in a dynamic, up-tempo offense. Virginia’s forwards have strong athleticism and size, but the Cavaliers will need more consistent and effective results from their players in the post to win games. Of the three returning players, only Lawson earned a starting role last season — starting in just five games. In her 278 minutes of playing time over the season, Lawson averaged 0.6 points per game. On the other hand, Jefferson and Stojsavljevic had the least amount of playing time last season with 86 and 78 minutes respectively. Between the two of them, only 25 points were scored in total. Inexperience in the frontcourt may prove to be Virginia’s biggest weakness in the upcoming season, which could spell trouble since the Cavaliers don’t have a program-defining player like Willoughby anymore. Regardless, Virginia needs several players in the backcourt and frontcourt to step up to the plate and aid the Virginia offense.
ANDREW WALSH | THE CAVALIER DAILY
After a rough first two seasons at the helm, Coach Tina Thompson faces yet another challenge in coaching a young Virginia team.
and forward Lisa Jablonowski, who averaged a solid 8.17 points. Without the trio of Willoughby, Toussaint and Jabłonowski, the Cavaliers will need to find more offense from different places and players. Assessing the new recruits The Cavaliers will field a brand-new team highlighted by seven new players — five freshman recruits and a pair of transfers. Of the 13-player roster, Virginia has seven new Cavaliers along with five sophomores comprising a team that is full of young talent. The Cavaliers recruited three guards — Kaydan Lawson, Zaria Johnson and Aaliyah Pitts. The ESPN recruiting report highlighted Kaydan Lawson and Zaria Johnson as three-star recruits that have a confident persona with a scorer’s mentality and a strong transition game and are
able to handle attacks in uptempo games. Notably, Lawson joins her sister, junior forward Dani Lawson, on the team. Additionally, Virginia added two freshman forwards — Deja Bristol and Nycerra Minnis. The forwards — who stand at 6-foot-1 and 6-foot-3, respectively — add size to the Cavalier squad, are mobile in transition and are very active on the glass. Finally, Virginia added sophomore forward London Clarkson, who played with Florida State last year, and graduate student forward Emily Maupin, who was a walk-on at Elon for two seasons before transferring to Liberty where she sat out last season. Although new to the team, these players will likely see plenty of minutes and play a big role in the Virginia offense. With so many new players on the roster, they will have to play a critical role in defining
the new 2020-21 Virginia Cavaliers. Moreover, Thompson will have a fresh-faced team to work with — ten of the 13 players on the team are either freshmen or sophomores. Thompson will be responsible for cultivating these young talents and setting the Cavaliers up for success. Analyzing Virginia’s style of play Thompson has consistently run her offense through the guards as opposed to inside-out play — meaning that the guards will play a critical role in setting the pace for the team this year. Specifically, sophomores Amandine Toi and Carole Miller will play crucial roles as leaders and playmakers. Although young, Toi and Miller have significant experience from previous seasons and are ready to lead the young squad. Both players appeared in all 30 of last year’s matches, with Toi starting 28 games and Miller
The bottom line On paper, the Cavaliers had an underwhelming 2019-20 season and will certainly struggle with the loss of its former star players. Thompson and the Cavaliers have to overcome several obstacles, especially with an inexperienced team. Without many veterans, Thompson will have to be creative to rework the offense and prepare the young squad for high-level competition. Although Virginia has a tough road ahead, the Cavaliers also have the opportunity to pave a new path forward for Virginia women’s basketball. Virginia’s season begins Nov. 25 in Orlando, Fla. against Central Florida at 6 p.m. It is a non-conference game, which should allow for the Cavaliers to try out new things and further develop team chemistry before ACC play.
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 11
AMJAD: The future of college basketball favors Virginia Virginia’s success has always been rooted in the commitment and development of recruits, not the star power of one-and-done athletes Muhammad Amjad | Associate Writer Virginia men’s basketball has been unique within the landscape of dominant college basketball programs in the past decade. The Cavaliers are contrarians in their playing style — which favors defensive intensity and a slow pace — and in their lack of reliance on superstardom to fuel their success. Thus, as the world of college basketball prepares for a dramatic shake-up following the resurgence of prep-to-pro recruits — players who jump directly from high school to professional basketball — Virginia finds itself positioned better than the rest of its competition. First and foremost, how did we even get here? Prior to 2005, the National Basketball Association allowed players to skip college basketball and enter the NBA draft directly out of high school. Legendary players such as LeBron James, Kevin Garnett and Kobe Bryant followed this path to launch their professional careers. However, it was still a rare occurrence, as the current AAU system that molds amateur players into elite prospects was not as developed then as it is now. After the NCAA and NBA agreed in 2005 to require a one-year minimum break between high school and entering the draft, college basketball became flooded with one-and-dones — student-athletes who play college basketball for one year to become eligible for the draft and subsequently leave college early to go to the NBA. Oftentimes, a one-and-done is expected to be a sought-after draft pick and will usually leave their program right after their freshman season ends to begin preparing for the NBA draft. Players such as Carmelo Anthony, Kyrie Irving, Anthony Davis, Zion Williamson, Andrew Wiggins and Marvin Williams fulfilled what was more of a formality by playing one season in college for programs such as Kansas, Duke, Syracuse and North Carolina, which adapted their play to this revolving door of recruits. These programs became hotbeds for oneand-dones after proving to five-star recruits that they can quickly usher them to the next level. The 2006 NBA Draft was the first draft after the one-and-done rule went into effect. Since then, all but two of the No. 1 overall selections have been one-and-done players — including every No. 1 pick since 2010. However, only select schools seem to benefit the most from this — of the 106 college freshmen drafted between 2010 and 2018, 46 of them played at either Duke, Kentucky or Kansas. Clearly, these powerhouse programs have not just adapted to the trend of one-and-done players — they owe much of their success to them.
So, what changed? The NBA has slightly reversed course on its policy against prep-topro recently, as the league’s development subsidiary — the G League — is now able to sign high school players to lucrative contracts worth hundreds of thousands of dollars under the promise of NBA-level coaching, training and development. The G League has already been successful in poaching star recruits from top-tier Division I programs. Recently, McDonald’s All-Americans and consensus five-star recruits Isaiah Todd, Jalen Green and Daishen Nix signed with the G League in moves that are sure to cause rippling effects to programs that have spent almost two decades thriving off of oneand-done athletes. With handsome financial security and access to professional resources, the G League is sure to attract other blue-chip talent in the years to come. However, Virginia has never operated this way. When Coach Tony Bennett arrived in Charlottesville in 2009, the one-and-done era was well underway, but he built his program on a system rather than around stars. Bennett knew that only a certain type of player would thrive in his program — one that would commit to a team-oriented style and skills development, sometimes at the cost of playing time. Throughout a tenure headlined by a national championship in 2019, multiple ACC titles and consistently high rankings in the polls, Virginia has never transformed into a one-and-done program. The program’s most recent stars are the exact opposite of one-anddone players. Players like Malcom Brogdon, Justin Anderson, Ty Jerome, Kyle Guy and De’Andre Hunter were among the highest-rated recruits that Bennett brought to Virginia — and each of them stayed at least three years. A player of Hunter’s caliber redshirting his first year, coming off the bench his second year and eventually becoming the fourth overall pick in the 2019 NBA Draft is remarkable. However, his story is not an anomaly at Virginia because Bennett’s biggest pitch to recruits is the chance — and expectation — of player development. This has translated into professional success too — a testament to effectiveness of Bennett’s system. Players like Brogdon, Anderson and Joe Harris have already succeeded in the NBA — Brogdon won the 2017 Rookie of the Year Award while Anderson and Harris are among the most efficient role players in the league. With Hunter, Guy and Jerome entering the professional fold this past season, players that were once exceptions for staying in college for three or four years are now building Virginia’s
reputation as a pipeline of successful NBA players. Players like Hunter and senior forward Jay Huff would have been surefire starters at any other program the moment they stepped on campus. Bennett’s promise of physical and mental player development, however, has been proven to such a degree that recruits who are open to coaching thrive at Virginia — see junior guard Kihei Clark for a perfect example. One-and-dones won’t entirely fade away with the NBA’s new policy — there will still be the allure of media attention that comes with playing at a nationally recognized program, and players may deem a year of college basketball as their best chance at achieving their professional goals. However, with enough players foregoing college basketball and going directly to the professional level, the system that propelled top “blue blood” programs such as Duke, Kentucky and Kansas is on its way out. Even if only a handful of the highest-rated recruits choose this option, the new status quo of college basketball is going to cause a
RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY
De’Andre Hunter — a member of Virginia’s “Big Three” during its title run — was the Cavaliers’ highest drafted player of the Bennett era.
shake-up that some of these perennial powerhouses may not be ready for. At the very least, coaches will need time to put together better development programs, change their recruiting angle and manage their limited scholarships differently. Virginia is already built for this new status quo,
and Tony Bennett’s contrarian style among the best basketball schools in the country will serve as the model that other schools will need to catch up to. The new era of college basketball is here, and Virginia already has an early lead.
A thoughtful provocative penetrating analysis of the medical profession and its role today. Pick up at the U.Va. Bookstore for $18 https://bit.ly/2GCopLi
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Spring is not going to be easier — U.Va. must prepare itself While the University should remain cautiously optimistic about next semester, we must acknowledge and adapt from the COVID-19 policy mistakes of the fall
his past weekend, Dean of Students Allen Groves sent an email to the entire student body about the COVID-19 pandemic and the approaching extended winter break. In the email, Groves correctly conveys that “it’s clear the pandemic will continue to be a backdrop to our lives for the rest of 2020 and well into 2021.” This email comes to us during a time in which students at the University continue to gather in large groups — even as we enter a new wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in our country. With a vaccine possibly on the horizon, the University must remain steadfast in its commitment to keeping students and Charlottesville safe. Before the fall semester, the University’s administration had a decision to make — bring students back to Grounds in the middle of a pandemic or move fully online to protect both the University and surrounding communities. The administration risked the lives of its students, the greater Charlottesville area and the communities to which students will now return. Additionally, the University inad-
equately prepared its faculty and staff — including student resident advisors — to continue working in person despite these risks. While its policies on COVID-19 have been ramped up, we must acknowledge that it never needed to be this bad — the University was perfectly capable of making decisions that would have protected all students. Moving forward, the University must learn from the mistakes it made this semester to create a safe environment for students to return to. When the semester first began, the Editorial Board wrote our thoughts on the University’s response to the pandemic — it felt like a horror movie. This fear was realized as students contracted the virus at alarming rates — there were more than 50 positive cases a day in mid-September — and entire dorms were forced into quarantine. Over 1,000 students contracted the virus while on Grounds this semester — and these are just the confirmed cases. Students complained about the ineffectiveness of Student Health and the overall difficulty in getting a test.
The University brought students back despite being wildly unprepared to handle the virus — its testing capabilities were initially limited, which helped lead to large infection rates. In a previous editorial, we asked — “Whose lives will be collateral damage in the University’s ill-fated reopening experiment?” To the best of our knowledge, no one has died as a direct result of the University’s lack of precautions. We should all be thankful that we did not have to realize our worst-case scenario. Nevertheless, this accomplishment should not be blindly celebrated. Preventing deaths is the bare minimum — and the University must not operate from this standard moving forward. We hope to see the University hold onto and further the precautions it adopted — albeit too late in the semester — to mitigate any potential long-term health effects of the pandemic. As the semester progressed, the University stepped up its policies addressing the pandemic, with onGrounds students receiving tests every nine days and off-Grounds
students being randomly selected for prevalence screening. In response to a rapid rise in cases, the administration enforced a new, more restrictive gathering limit of five people. The COVID-19 dashboard shows the effect of these policies, as the number of cases sharply declined in the weeks that followed. Provost Liz Magill instituted an optional credit/general credit/no credit system for the fall semester and quickly extended it to cover January and spring terms. These policies represent the University’s best efforts to adapt to difficult times and support its students. While imperfect, the administration should be given credit where credit is due. However, we should be mindful of keeping the University in check. With the spring semester on the horizon, the University must recognize the ever-growing risks this virus poses. It is not subsiding — rather, cases continue to rise at record rates. This clearly indicates the need for an even stronger approach if the University is to safely bring students back in the spring. The potential for even
more students on Grounds and more in-person class offerings next semester only worsens the risk of the virus spreading. As we near the possibility of a vaccine, students must remember to continue to act responsibly — the pandemic is far from over. Moving forward, the University must continue its widespread testing efforts and focus on increasing the testing availability for offGrounds students. Its decision to push back the start of the spring semester demonstrates a good first step, but this must be matched by aggressive testing that ensures another thousand students do not contract this virus. The twists and turns of the fall’s horror movie are fading — we can’t let there be a sequel.
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MANAGING BOARD Editor-in-Chief Nik Popli Managing Editor Jenn Brice Executive Editor Victoria McKelvey Operations Manager Ankit Agrawal Chief Financial Officer Malcolm Mashig EDITORIAL BOARD Victoria McKelvey Nik Popli Zack Pasciak Hailey Yowell Neil Kothari Noah Strike JUNIOR BOARD Assistant Managing Editors Carolyn Lane Abby Sacks (SA) Hanna Preston (SA) Ellie Prober (SA) Joitree Alam (SA) Nicole Freeman (SA) Isabel Barney
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Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 13
America failed the election test Even with a Biden win, this election was a test on racial and social awareness that America failed
t 11:24 a.m. on Nov. 7, I was on the road to my dad’s hometown for my great-grandmother’s 100th birthday — this is when I first heard the news that CNN had called the presidential election. My emotions washed over me in waves at the relieved realization that the current president, Donald Trump, would be leaving office in January. In addition to Trump leaving the White House, having the first Black and South Asian female vice president is certainly worthy of celebration. This is an impressive step forward for progress in America. Having Former Vice President Joe Biden elected as the next president of the United States indicates that our country is ready to take its next steps forward towards a more evolved society. A win for Biden is, quite simply, a win for human rights. He may not have been the ideal choice for many of us who voted for him, but the racial implications of his ticket alone were enough to win my vote. As a young Black woman, four more years of Trump would mean four more years of a president who riles up white supremacists on national TV and praises their actions on
social media. While I may still look over my shoulder in public, my mind has been put at ease knowing that these people can no longer look to the president for validation on their actions. Even with the Biden-Harris administration now underway, the fact that Trump had a chance to win tells me that America has failed the test that this election presented.
It is also indicative that our country is full of people pitted against any necessary progression that may cost them their comfort. Americans who voted for Trump without any valid arguments against Biden seem to have internalized both racism and a contempt for change. Per a Pew study, only about one in ten Trump supporters believe in the presence of systemic racism and
country. This is a race that should not have been even nearly as close as it was. Biden’s campaign was built on promises of increased affordable health care, environmental protections, LGBTQ+ rights and criminal justice reform. Most importantly for myself, and many other people of color in the country, it also means improved race relations in America. Under the
“Even with the Biden-Harris administration now underway, the fact that Trump had a chance to win tells me that America has failed the test that this election presented.” Regardless of political views, many Americans believe that voting for Trump makes a person racist. A slightly less harsh opinion is that a vote for someone so homophobic, xenophobic and racist may not make the voter racist — but complicit with this kind of bigotry. For almost 73 million people to have voted for Trump is a troubling testament to the number of American citizens that are misinformed and easily swayed by a politician they idolize.
say that Black people face greater challenges than white people. I have heard the misinformed claim that Biden will raise everyone’s taxes, that Biden is a pedophile, that Biden is ill, that the election was rigged — and so on. Proponents of these beliefs refuse to do their own research on these false claims in an attempt to justify their vote for a president who would allow them to stay comfortable in their privilege while sacrificing the marginalized communities in the
Trump-Pence administration, if you are not straight, white or wealthy, your needs were not prioritized. The evidence speaks for itself — Trump has rolled back countless human and civil rights protections since he took office in 2017. Under the Biden-Harris administration, we will no longer have to worry about losing our rights. Biden, himself, is not without flaw. There is no doubt that he has internalized, if not outright displayed racism. Plus, Harris, as a for-
mer prosecutor, is a cop whose work has had some negative effects on the Black community. Infiltrating the system is not the answer, we need to scrap the system and create a new one that is not based in the suffering of people of color. Idolizing politicians is something that I will never do, but progress is something that I will always revere. This election was a test for Americans. But barely a 51 percent grade for Biden is surely failing. Many people found themselves surprised at how close we came to having Donald Trump for a second term. I hope that this election will open our eyes to the realities of this country and the implications systemic and outright racism had on its outcome. There is no argument here — Donald Trump was the white supremacists’ choice. Needless to say, I will be using the electoral results map to determine what areas of the country I need to avoid in the future. ALIYAH D. WHITE is an Opinion Columnist for The Cavalier Daily. She can be reached at opinion@cavalierdaily. com
Stand up to your racist family This holiday season, white progressives must privilege their principles over personal comfort
s the holidays approach, the typical jokes about family political fights will no doubt abound — especially with a contentious presidential election marred by conspiracy theories, misinformation and threats of violence. While Biden’s win signals a return to basic decency at the presidential level, the nation remains very much divided. Worse, misinformation on the legitimacy of the election is spreading rapidly, further driving conspiratorial thinking and other alt-right messages to the fore of current political discourse. Thus, behind the jokes and the family feuds which inspire them are very real consequences for millions of people in the United States — something the recent election made incredibly clear. As such, this holiday season, white progressives need to remain consistent with their supposed commitment to social justice — they need to stand up to their racist loved ones. While the results of the election spurred celebration across the country, white progressives must not be complacent. Yes, a proto-facist leader has been defeated, but the hateful rhetoric, conspiratorial thinking and virulent racism, xenophobia and sexism he espoused during his tenure remain deeply entrenched in
American political discourse. Thus, not only is the fight for the rights of marginalized communities ongoing, but our new president — while better in a myriad of ways — must also be held accountable and face demands to execute a progressive agenda. While there are many ways white progressives can help in this mission, a necessary component of this involves debunking misinformation
their families, friends and anyone else in their social circles who espouse hateful views, conspiracy theories or other misrepresentations of facts. This holiday season, white progressives should not continue to favor their own comfort and familial peace over the tangible suffering of vulnerable people. In failing to stand up to their families and friends —
when it is with people we love — can be hard, but this does not mean we get an ethical opt-out. To be clear, this article is not intended to argue that you are obligated to put yourself in a physically or financially dangerous situation in order to argue against your family’s beliefs. If confronting your family and friends could cause violence or abuse, you should obviously protect
“While the results of the election spurred celebration across the country, white progressives must not be complacent.” and combatting hateful rhetoric within their own families. Privileged progressives must make good on their moral commitment to social justice — not only in our public actions, but in our personal ones. While white progressives may attend protests, hold phone banking sessions or donate to mutual aid funds, none of this serves as adequate allyship if they are unable to stand up to those closest to them. Thus, if white progressives truly care about the causes they so often — and so publicly — claim to support, it follows that they must stand up to
whether their statements are “meant well” or not — white liberals show a distinct complacency with white supremacy, sexism, xenophobia and the countless other ways in which bigotry rears its ugly head. Thus, when we sit silent over our uncle’s QAnon rants or our high school friends’ xenophobic comments, it shows that we value our own comfort over what we know to be our ethical duty. Further, if your allyship consists primarily of posting prettily curated Instagram slideshows, then it isn’t an allyship — it’s a performance. Conflict — particularly
your safety. Further, arguing against racist family member’s beliefs is not the beginning and end of good allyship. Rather, it is a necessary component in a long and complex process. Good allyship is an ongoing process that requires constant listening, learning and action. Ultimately, as a white woman, I don’t think my job can or should be to tell you how to be an ally to marginalized people with experiences far different from my own. However, what I do know is that continuing to do nothing to the individual people we are most likely to persuade is unacceptable.
Ultimately, telling your family members that their bigotry is wrong is not activism. However, it is still an incredibly important way not only to show that your moral principles — and the individuals and communities whose lives and livelihoods are in the crosshairs of these conversations — are more important to you than your relationship with racists. Will having hard — and likely contentious — conversations with your family work to persuade them? Maybe, maybe not. The reason to stand up against your loved one’s bigotry is not just to be persuasive — clearly and decisively showing your family that their bigoted beliefs do not have a compliant audience is also a valuable action. No matter the outcome, standing up for your principles disrupts the presumption of agreement so often assumed by bigots. Hateful beliefs may continue — but at the very least you can make it clear that they are not welcome to at least one person at the dinner table.
EMMA CAMP is an Opinion Columnist for The Cavalier Daily. She can be reached at opinion@cavalierdaily. com.
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HUMOR Five tips to pick up your quarantine cutie Feeling a little lonely during these times of social and economic instability? Haven’t had any social interaction since the beginning of March? Don’t worry, me neither! My name is Ben Walker and I’m a certified dating app expert with a whole nine Tinder matches under my belt. Today, I’m here to give you five tips on how to pick up your quarantine cutie from at least six feet away. 1. Get Out There Tinder and Bumble are some basic stuff. In order to maximize the chances of meeting someone, you must register for as many dating sites as humanly possible. Join eHarmony, Farmers Only or even Amish Dating. Who knows, your soulmate may be on Christian Mingle. Personally, I’d recommend signing up for at least 20 different dating sites in order to really
get yourself out there. Now that you’ve made too many accounts to keep track of, it’s time to make a profile. 2. The Profile Even though nobody reads it, you still have to have one. So, I’ve decided to break it down into three easy steps to make it as easy as possible to find your kindred spirit. Step 1 – Say you like to travel, eat food and that you love “The Office.” Literally every human likes these things, so you’re sure to achieve mass appeal. Mass appeal = maximum matches. Maximum matches = maximum potential relationships. Step 2 – Post a picture with a dog. Don’t have a dog? Find a friend with one. Don’t have a friend with a dog? Make some more friends.
If you’re really desperate, Google search “person with dog” and use the first image that pops up. Odds are they’ll be so enthralled with the dog that they won’t notice you’re not in the image. Step 3 – Similar to the dog strategy, consider using pictures of people more attractive than you. Make your match think you’re Chris Hemsworth, when you’re actually Danny Devito. Odds are you’ll never see them in person, so it hardly matters. 3. Messaging Now that you’ve set up your profile, it’s time to talk to some strangers on the internet. A mistake a lot of amateurs make is sending the first message. “But Tinder Master Ben,” you may say, “doesn’t it show that you’re interested in the person and care enough to initiate con-
versation?” Of course it does, but it also makes you seem needy and desperate. And nobody likes desperation. So, simply wait until the other party sends the first message and if they don’t, label them as a spineless coward. 4. Ghosting Game Got cold feet about a first date? The accidental drunk match message you first? The guy you only talked to during a moment of weakness still thinks you’re on for Friday? Ghost them and don’t ever respond. Not only will it cancel any plans and ruin any relationship, but it will leave the other party wondering where they went wrong for the rest of their life. What’s that? You want to communicate your feelings like a mature human being and give them a reason for why you two are not compatible? Don’t make me laugh,
CARTOON TikTok block Ruma Jadhav | Cartoonist
that’s ridiculous! 5. First Dates So you’ve sifted through the thousands of people in the Charlottesville area and finally found one that is willing to risk catching a deadly virus to see you in person. Congratulations! You’ve won online dating! So there it is — five hot tips to get a smokin’ hot cutie during this global pandemic. However, odds are every match won’t become your next date, and that’s okay. Getting rejected is three-fourths of the online dating experience. And remember, never be yourself!
BEN WALKER is a Humor columnist for The Cavalier Daily. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Cavalier Daily
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 15
PUZZLES WEEKLY CROSSWORD PUZZLE
Aaron Rose | Puzzle Master * THE SOLUTION TO THIS PUZZLE CAN BE FOUND IN THE NEXT ISSUE
6. To suck the energy out of, to exhaust. 7. Military gear and weapons. 10. Refers to something regularly found in a population or place. 11. Having a somewhat red hue. 12. The University sits on the land of this American Indian Nation. 13. Famous Lloyd known for his contributions to native fashion design and for co-founding the Institute of American Indian Arts; member of the Cherokee Nation. 14. Unequivocal, explicit. 19. Event in which property is sold to the highest bidder. 21. A written record of facts about an arrest kept by the police. 23. Another name for a custodian or cleaner. 25. Not a proton, nor an electron; has no electric charge. 26. National Native American Heritage Month is celebrated during the month of --------. 27. To concur, to reach an accord.
5 8 9
1. Sarcastic, scornful. 2. Weakly, tired-looking; refers to a medical condition in which there are too few red blood cells in a body. 3. Asbestos, for example; a cause of cancer. 4. Title referring to a king or nobleman; has Arab origins. 5. A national flag or emblem. 6. Otherworldly, magical; also can refer to someone exceptionally attractive. 8. Refers to the quick evacuation of someone to a hospital for medical treatment; typically by plane or helicopter. 9. Adjective used to describe tough foods that need extra effort in order to swallow properly. 13. Type of shackle commonly used in climbing; derived from German. (Plural) 15. A group of flowering plants featuring prickly leaves. 16. Related to books, literature. 17. Current U.S. Poet Laureate from the Muscogee Nation; her latest collection of poems is entitled “An American Sunrise.” (Last name) 18. Author of the Pulitzer Prize-finalist novel “There There”; a member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Nations. (Last name) 20. Unable. 22. Of the eye. 24. A post-bath garment.
* SOLUTION FROM OCT. 29 ISSUE
P P E R E A L T G U E F L O R I D A B R A N D I D E B A S L B I S A U C E E L C R O W D I A E E T E L A V L E E
E O R R D A T N A M
T P M Y H O E C A K E I C H O R E C L A I M T A R A D R A I N E E I N R N U L L I F Y E D I L S C H O O L B O Y P A A E R I F F L E S E R O R O L M I R O N O R E I V E S L T N
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HEALTH & SCIENCE
The Cavalier Daily
Professors share insights on the future of science education Professors from the School of Education and Human Development discuss struggles with online learning during pandemic Ellen Wu | Staff Writer
ANDREW WALSH | THE CAVALIER DAILY
With labs and classes being held online, science professors seek out suitable educational replacements for students.
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, professors have struggled to generate the same amount of interest in scientific topics through online activities. In an effort to personalize the learning experience, professors have diversified their teaching styles in an effort to best engage students despite the challenges of online learning. Educational Psychology Prof. Jessica Whittaker said that in a normal setting, the most common methods of scientific teaching appear in the form of data collection and analysis, models, opportunities for students to ask questions and observations and demonstrations that elicit students’ previous knowledge. According to Science Education Prof. Frackson Mumba, one of the most important parts of learning science is being able to experience it. “You don’t expect somebody to learn how to ride a bicycle just by talking to them,” Mumba said. “They have to do it … you have to engage them in doing those things. As they do it, they gain the confidence, [and] not only in that — they also learn how the bicycle moves.” Similarly, Science Education
Prof. Robert Tai emphasizes the importance of allowing students to physically touch something and see it in person as part of their learning process. For example, in teaching Newton’s Laws of Motion, Tai builds a hover disk that is big enough for three students to actually sit on. “It is literally like this little hovercraft — a miniature hovercraft that … can zip around the room and illustrate in real life what is happening,” Tai said. In regards to learning, Mumba explains that there are three domains when it comes to learning — the cognitive, affective and psychomotor. The cognitive domain has to do with the content and ideas, the affective domain has to do with interest and the psychomotor domain has to do with the skills used to manipulate equipment in the lab. The pandemic has affected two of these three domains — the psychomotor and affective domains. In online stimulations, much of the work is being done for students. For example, instead of being asked to draw a graph by hand, students are using Excel, which means that the software will end up doing all of the work. This leads students to
rely on technology to complete their labs, and they end up missing the practical skills that they should have gained had the labs been in person. “Online labs should not substitute the physical lab — they should just supplement the physical labs,” Mumba said. However, the loss of this in-person equipment manipulation doesn’t just impact one aspect of students’ learning experiences. Mumba explains that some students enjoy the physical interactions they have with lab equipment, which translates into an interest for the subject and science. “[If] there is no opportunity to practice science in the lab, they will start losing interest,” Mumba said. Over the last months, teachers have worked tirelessly to find ways to overcome the online barriers of instruction. Tai explains the importance of an application called Exoplanet, which he utilizes to introduce the solar system to his students. In addition to allowing students to see the relative sizes, ordering and characteristics of the planets, the app has the ability to zoom out to the Milky Way, the asteroid belt, solar system and galaxy, placing all
of them in proportion to each other. He stresses that it would be impossible to demonstrate the vastness of outer space without the proper technology. Not only does he have to figure out how to share his iPhone to his students online, he must also allow in-person students to view the screen synchronously, which took him five weeks to figure out. Without this app, his students would likely not have any idea of the relative sizes between the planets, leading to less interest in the subject overall. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, issues with the current education system have been brought to light. “The average amount of time spent on science instruction is a mere 19 minutes per day,” Whittaker said. “When teachers do engage in science activities, the focus is often on displays of science materials or art projects, with teachers rarely encouraging inquiry.” Mumba said that one development schools should be working toward is improving scientific literacy for everyone. He mentioned a project by the American Association for the Advancement of Science
known as Project 2061, which aims to bring scientific literacy to every American citizen by 2061. “If we are going to achieve [science literacy by 2061], that means we need to do more about science,” Mumba said. “It shouldn’t be optional in school. It should be something that we should be teaching and allocating more time in schools.” Science subjects — biology, chemistry and physics, for example — are typically split up and students are often allowed to pick and choose the subjects they learn. Mumba argues that science teaches skills just as important as reading comprehension and math and that students should be required to get the full experience from all three branches of science before they enter University. “If [all branches of science are] not taught, or not taught much, then we’re not going to achieve the scientific returns by 2061,” Mumba said.
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 17
HEALTH & SCIENCE
Study analyzes effects of blast exposures on brain health Researchers at U.Va. seek to understand the manifestation of brain changes in military personnel due to long-term exposure to explosive blasts Vivian Mok | Staff Writer
COURTESY ALEXANDRA ANGELICH, U.VA. COMMUNICATIONS
The University recently launched a study regarding the effects of long-term blast exposures on the brain health of military service members. The research team includes principal investigator James Stone, vice chairman of research and associate professor of radiology and imaging, as well as a team of researchers at the National Institutes of Health, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and the Naval Medical Research Center. They aim to apply their research to blast exposure mitigation, prevention and therapy rehabilitation. Participants of the study include service members who experienced repetitive low-level exposure — meaning who were repeatedly in close proximity to an explosive during detonation — that may lead to manifestation of issues within the brain over time, Stone said. Examples of people who fit these criteria include service members who utilize explosives to break through hard structures, explosive ordnance disposal personnel that clear roadside bombs and explosives and individuals who work with heavy weapons such as mortars.
“They may be exposed to many, many of these exposures over a career as a function [of] what they do day to day,” Stone said. To better understand the effects that service members face, Stone researches questions regarding the magnitude, frequency, overall length of time and sometimes cumulative exposure that feeds into the adverse impact that blast encounters have on the brains of service members. According to Stone, this study is part of an overall broader phased process of understanding the cause and effect relationship between blast exposures and an individual’s physical response. “[Phase one includes] defining the phenomena … or what may be altered by the blast,” Stone said. Phase two, often occurring in conjunction with phase one, describes the relationship between the phenomena and the magnitude, frequency and overall cumulative exposure to blasts. The study will apply conclusions drawn from the first two phases to inform how military training and operations should be conducted to mitigate and prevent brain injuries precipitated by blast exposures and therefore
protect service members. To collect the data needed for each of the different phases, the researchers utilize the resources of the University’s medical imaging research facilities, located within the department of radiology at the School of Medicine to conduct their research, said Kiel Neumann, assistant professor of radiology and medical imaging. They use research dedicated to magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography and computed tomography equipment to complete their work. The MRI machines demonstrate how different areas of the brain are connected and allow researchers to study the overall activity of the service members’ brains. “When it comes to magnetic resonance imaging, we’re able to use certain elements of magnetic resonance imaging to give us a very high resolution look at what the brain cortex looks like versus what the brain white matter pattern looks like,” Stone said. This high-resolution cortical imaging helps determine whether the service members’ total amount of brain cortex is changing over time, which is an indi-
cation of brain injury. Additionally, the MRI allows researchers to study the movement of water within the brain to identify white matter injury, or injury to the inner tissue of the brain, that may result from repetitive low level blast exposure. The study’s methodology also includes a technique that combines the manufacturing of molecular imaging agents with an imaging modality known as Positron Emission Tomography. “It’s been hypothesized that blasts may engender some forms of lasting or not lasting neural inflammation within the brain,” Neumann said. The molecular imaging agent manufactured in the study, specifically DPA 714, binds to cells that present the inflammation. According to Neumann, there are two comparisons being made with the molecular imaging agents — an intraindividual comparison and an interindividual comparison. “The intraindividual comparison … would be comparing areas that don’t show any signal to areas that do show signal [within one person],” Neumann said. “We attribute the areas that show signal to be wholly derived from the
presence of the imaging agent being in that part of the brain.” In contrast, interindividual comparisons consider the same areas of the brain of subjects who have been exposed to blasts versus control subjects who haven’t been exposed to blasts. “In theory, [interindividual comparison subjects] should not show the same signals within their brain,” Neumann said. The intraindividual comparison studies the areas in the brain of an individual that produce a signal versus areas of the brain that do not. Signaling is determined by whether or not the imaging agent is present in an area of the brain. Because the agent binds to cells experiencing inflammation, the presence of a signal indicates inflammation. In contrast, the interindividual comparison studies the presence, or lack thereof, of neuroinflammation in control subjects with subjects who have been exposed. “[The study also correlates] between structure and function to be able to understand what the overall context of any of [the study’s] objective findings may be,” Stone said. The study uses neurocognitive or neuropsychological measures such as specific questionnaires to understand the cognitive or psychological manifestations of brain imaging evaluations. Stone also indicates that previous research serves as the foundations of this study. One 2014 article, “The effects of low level blast exposure on the nervous system: is there really a controversy?” — cowritten by Dr. Gregory A Elder, research professor at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and Stone — demonstrates the correlation between previous and current studies. “I think that the basic questions we were asking back in 2014, we’re still in large part trying to answer today even though we know more of the pieces of the bundle now,” Elder said.
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The Cavalier Daily
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Inside U.Va. Arts — an adjusted semester Arts faculty are joined by a current student to discuss the altered U.Va. student art experience Kalista Diamantopoulos | Senior Writer
AVA PROEHL | THE CAVALIER DAILY
Despite restrictions, the arts continue to be a source of healing.
A lot has changed since U.Va. Arts launched their Inside U.Va. Arts webinar back in May. New COVID-19 cases continued to rise in the United States, and there was great uncertainty about what college — let alone art programs — would look like during the upcoming school year. Fourth-year College student Kiana Pilson joined Lee Ellen Darden, a U.Va. Arts Council member, and Richard Will, associate professor of music and chair of the department of drama, in a conversation moderated by Jody Kielbasa, vice provost for
the arts and director of the Virginia Film Festival, Nov. 12 about arts programs at the University and how the student art experience has changed since the start of the semester. Pilson, a sociology major and dance minor, grew up participating in a number of different environments, from praise dances at religious functions to color guard at pep rallies. When she arrived at the University, she realized she wanted dance to be more than just a hobby and that dance could be interactive — not just performance-based.
During her time at the University, Pilson has performed in Black Monologues, a theatrical production that explores Black experiences both at and outside of the University. She also was part of a ’90s-themed adaptation of “Romeo and Juliet” and danced for another student’s thesis project. Like many students, the pandemic has changed how Pilson navigates her dancing. “It definitely looks very different,” Pilson said. “I dance socially, and that’s much more difficult now.” Besides her modern dance
class, which she attends two times a week, Pilson has had the opportunity to dance in some of her friends’ films. She described how several of her dance friends had turned to filmmaking and were working on different film projects. This has allowed for creativity in moving the camera, changing angles and, in Pilson’s case, playing with ideas of seeing and perception. The panelists also reflected on the arts as a whole. Will discussed how the number of arts programs at the University has grown a tremendous amount
with a plethora of museums, festivals, student-sponsored events, productions and performances offered both on and off Grounds. “Arts help you learn about yourself, your communities, your families [and] people you don’t know,” Will said. Darden, a University alumna who was a studio art and art history double major, said the experience has informed her life and career by teaching her how to accept criticism. She pointed to studio classes as an example of this. “You are also forced to explain your thinking, explain your creative process,” Darden said. Now, Darden is working with the U.Va. Arts council to provide grants for arts students to pursue their projects and ideas. She said she wanted to give back after the arts gave her so much. The way we experience art may have changed during the pandemic, but there is no question that we all need art in our lives. Pilson observed how reliant we are on art during the pandemic and how it has allowed us to heal. Darden emphasized this point with the pain currently felt by people across the country right now. Everyone is very vulnerable — she wants to see art further become a way by which people can heal. “Art isn’t just for the artists,” Darden said. Looking ahead, Will hopes to see greater engagement between arts activities and programs and the community, along with more meaningful in-person interactions in the spring. Kielbasa described the relationship between the University and the community as “vital.” “The arts are one of the greatest bridges between the University and the community,” Kielbasa said.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | 19
Drama department presents ‘Love and Information’ The U.Va. drama department produced a digital version of what would have been their mainstage show for the fall semester Kyndal Harrison | Staff Writer
COURTESY RUSSELL PETRO
The show’s experimental, filmed format allowed students to flex both acting and directorial skills.
The University Drama Department debuted their completely virtual presentation of Caryl Churchill’s “Love and Information,” led by artistic directors Dave Dalton and Mona Kasra, Nov. 11-12. The show — composed of seven acts — featured student-directed vignettes and was streamed online. “For me, I’ve had some experience with short films,” second-year College student Miles Jackson said. “I was fairly experienced in that regard, but a lot of people were not at all.” Jackson, along with the rest of the students in the ensemble, had the dual responsibilities of both acting in and directing different scenes from the play. Students who had not previously been exposed to film production received a crash course in lighting and filming techniques. For all the students involved, the streaming event was their first time seeing the full finished product. The two-hour film was composed of 64 different scenes, each involving inter- or intra-personal relationships. Despite its name, “Love and Information,” it did not
feature the elements one might expect of more traditional love-focused plays, save for a few scenes. The student ensemble of actors brought depth and emotion to a shallow script — for those unaware, the play has no characters and no plot. Instead, it is written like a collection of poems. Some are long and some are short. However, despite all attempts to build the emotional stakes of the show, the scenes tended to be too short to get invested in each character. What made it even harder was that the scenes and characters had no names, which makes it difficult to distinguish scenes that share the same actors from one another. Despite this, the scenes were shot quite dynamically and beautifully, especially considering students had to abide by social distancing rules and the University’s health protocols. “In some scenes, I’d film in the library and it’s just rules, you need [to wear] your mask,” third-year College student Karen Zipor said. Zipor was an ensemble member, but also had the responsibility of directing and filming. In other
scenes, Zipor said she had the opportunity to use the University’s regulations to unexpected advantage. “I think a lot of physical comedy can be enhanced by some social distancing,” Zipor said. Much of the cinematography in “Love and Information” was impressive. The camera work in one scene Zipor described — where two fangirls are shown in separate nooks six feet apart and throw magazines at each other during an argument — stood out as a moment of well-shot physical comedy. In the first scene of the second act, a Vertigo shot — a camera trick where objects in the foreground appear still while objects in the background morph in size — was utilized quite masterfully. Other scenes are edited where a character is looking into a mirror and their reflection isn’t particularly interested in reflecting, instead moving differently than the person on the other side of the mirror. Along with slick visual effects, some scenes heavily rely on lighting and crafty camera angles to convey a sense of mood.
The drama department took on a lofty goal of virtually presenting what would have been a traditional stage play in a pandemic-free semester. Rather than professors Dalton and Kasra directing the entire show, students chose scenes that they wanted to direct and had the responsibility of casting, lighting, filming and sometimes even acting in the scene. Typically a faculty member of the drama department directs the mainstage show. The artistic directors were there to make sure that the entire film had a consistent feel from scene to scene. “It’s really the challenge of [COVID-19] that pushed us to do more video and more digital media,” Dalton said at the “Love and Information” talkback that occurred after the 7 p.m. Wednesday premiere. When asked about why this project was better suited for the drama department instead of the Media Studies department, Aspen Miller — a 2017 alumnus and filmmaking mentor for the production — responded. “I ended up choosing the dra-
ma department in terms of major because the media studies department is a lot of thought and a lot of practice, but not a lot of application,” Miller said. He aided the artistic directors for “Love and Information” by teaching the student ensemble filming and editing techniques. He even filmed a few scenes himself. “That’s what I love about the drama department ‘cause there was this big open opportunity for students to get up and go, ‘Hey, I’m going to make this thing!’” In the end, the drama department delivered much more than a virtual adaptation of “Love and Information.” Students got more creative freedom than they would have in a regular semester. After learning practical filmmaking skills and earning directorial experience, the student ensemble will leave this experience more prepared than ever for the digital world. With the New Works Festival approaching in the spring, it will be exciting to see how the drama department aims to recreate the tech-savvy debut of their first major virtual show.
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