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MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

VOL. 127, ISSUE 46

UNCERTAIN UNDOCUMENTED

FUTURE FOR STUDENTS

COURTESY

see DACA, page 5

ERIC DUONG | THE CAVALIER DAILY

WHAT’S INSIDE BAUTZ ELECTED UJC CHAIR PAGE 2

MEN’S BASKETBALL ENDS SEASON PAGE 8

LEAD EDITORIAL: TRUMP’S BUDGET HURTS EDUCATION PAGE 11

WOMEN IN STEM FEATURED ON GROUNDS PAGE 17

CHRISTINA BAKER KLINE DISCUSSES CREATIVE PROCESS PAGE 19


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Law student Peter Bautz elected UJC chair New executive members discuss future goals for University Judiciary Committee RILEY WALSH AND KARA KREILING | STAFF WRITERS

Second-year Law student Peter Bautz has been elected as incoming chair of the University Judiciary Committee, the organization announced Sunday. Third-year College student Jack Brake was elected vice chair for trials, second-year College student Jordan Arnold was elected vice chair for sanctions and second-year Engineering student Kevin Warshaw was elected vice chair for first-years. Bautz said the focus for the new executive members of the committee will be outreach, especially to graduate students. “There’s probably some issue with us getting sufficient outreach to the graduate schools to get them invested in the system,” Bautz said in an interview with The Cavalier Daily. “As a graduate student I think that I’m in a position to increase the outreach and ability of us to reach out to these graduate students to let them know what we are all about and hopefully encourage them to run to be reps in the near future.”

Brake and Warshaw echoed this in proposing new ideas for events to make the committee more involved with other organizations. “I’d like to see the First-Year Judiciary Committee start playing a more active role in the community,” Warshaw said. “To accomplish this, I intend to have the next first-year representatives attend at least one meeting of another organization and have a dialogue with their membership on how the UJC can better serve them.” The goal for the new executive committee members is to make sure all students know about the duties of UJC and how it works in the broader system of student self-governance. “I think that we can do a much better job or engaging students on a daily basis in our work so it’s not just the students who unfortunately come before the UJC who all of the sudden know what we are about,” Brake said. “But that people [have] a better idea of their rights and responsibilities within the sys-

tem.” One form that UJC’s outreach might take is by creating plaques showing the University’s 12 standards of conduct which would be placed in on-Grounds residences. “The goal with this is to spread awareness of the University Judiciary Committee mission and the standards to which all students are held,” Warshaw said. “In addition to just having the plaques physically placed there as a reminder, we’re also looking into building an educational system around the plaques.” The educational systems would include discussion with UJC representatives about University issues and UJC’s role, Warshaw said. Outreach is also a major point for Arnold, especially when it comes to how students see the committee’s role. “I think UJC has something of an issue with just getting our name out there,” Arnold said. “I think a lot of students don’t really know what the UJC is or does.

I think we try our best to be an educational rather than punitive organization in the sense of the way we craft our sanctions.” At the UJC general body meeting Sunday, the newly-elected leaders were introduced and the committee voted on proposed bylaws changes. The keynote speaker for the meeting, Associate Vice President for Student Affairs Susan Davis addressed the committee and discussed the importance of student governance within UJC. The principle of student self-governance is “very seldom [challenged] within the institution because it’s such a bedrock principle,” Davis said. She also said there’s a need to work to defend and preserve the self-governance aspect of UJC since the entire system needs that principle in place to run successfully. Davis also addressed the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act, a federal law that ensures the confidentiality of student records. Given that UJC works with

student records, Davis said treating such information with respect is “not just proper practice, it’s a legal duty.” “We at the University of Virginia have designated every student in this room to have the information you need,” Davis said. “You all have been written in as agents and officials of the University who have access to that information [disciplinary and University records].” The voting members of the committee then approved the proposed bylaws changes introduced previously. The changes include clarification of procedures for determining the number of cases members must participate in, prohibiting accusers from issuing written statements during trials and changing the role of educators to be better suited to outreach. Only the change to the educator role received opposition from members, receiving two “no” votes and two abstentions out of 18 total votes. The other changes passed unanimously.

StudCo leaders sworn in at 1515 grand opening Newly-elected Student Council President Sarah Kenny takes office XARA DAVIES AND JORDAN BRIDGES | STAFF WRITERS Newly-elected Student Council President and third-year College student Sarah Kenny and members of the 2017-18 Student Council executive board were sworn March 17 at the grand opening of 1515 University Avenue. Outgoing Student Council leaders took part in the ceremony to hand over their former positions to their successors. Proceedings began with a speech from outgoing vice president for organizations and third-year Engineering student MacKenzie Hodgson, who commented on how much she has grown with and through Student Council. “StudCo has come a long way since I first joined. I felt like I had been dropped in a foreign country without a translator,” Hodgson said. “I’m hoping nobody had this experience this past year.” Hodgson’s speech ended with a hug for her successor, Ty Zirkle, a second-year College student who ran a joint campaign with second-year College student Alex Cintron. Cintron is the newly elected vice president for administration. Zirkle and Cintron commented

on the weight and importance of student self-governance in their respective speeches. “Institutions — they matter,” Cintron said. “Student governance can only succeed when students believe in their ability to do good.” In an interview with The Cavalier Daily, Kenny commended the work of the Meriwether Lewis Institute for Citizen Leadership, which is partly responsible for the creation of 1515. “I see no more fitting space to have held our transition for Student Council than 1515, which is a true demonstration of student self-governance,” Kenny said. “I am very excited to use this space as a programing space to make Student Council part of student’s lives in all components, not just on central Grounds.” Previous Student Council President Emily Lodge, a fourth-year Batten student, discussed the role of 1515 in student life after the ceremony. “This is going to be the new home of every student at U.Va. I think,” Lodge said. Over 100 members of the University community turned out for the event, including significant figures

RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY

The new Student Council leaders were elected in February.

such as University President Teresa Sullivan. “It was really meaningful and really special to have not only so many students come but also President Teresa Sullivan came this year, which really meant a lot,” Lodge said. Sullivan briefly spoke with The Cavalier Daily and commented on

the importance of the event and its ability to coincide with the opening of 1515. “[It’s an] important event about student government changes, from one class to another,” Sullivan said. “It normally happens where they normally meet, [it’s] nice to take advantage of the new building and have the

lunch and the sense of openness.” Maeve Curtin, a third-year College student and the former liaison to the Charlottesville City Council, said she hoped the space could be used to further consider the relationship between the University and the wider community.


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

www.cavalierdaily.com • NEWS

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First-ever Global Black Girlhood Conference held at U.Va. Over 50 scholars, artists, activists discuss the experiences of black girls ALEXIS GRAVELY | SENIOR ASSOCIATE EDITOR The first-ever Global Black Girlhood Conference, in which speakers from across the country and the world gathered to discuss topics ranging from black girlhood identity to criminalization, was held Friday and Saturday at the University. The event was co-organized by Corinne Field, an assistant professor of Women, Gender and Sexuality at the University, and Lakisha Simmons, a University alumna and assistant professor of women’s studies at the University of Michigan. In an email to The Cavalier Daily, Field said the idea for the conference stemmed from the History of Black Girlhood Network, which is “an informal collaboration of scholars working on black girls’ history from the sixteenth century to the present in Africa, Europe and the Americas.” “At a 2015 roundtable organized for the Society for the History of Children and Youth, Africanists and Americanists discussed whether the ‘black ‘part of ‘black girlhood’ meant the same thing across the globe and who counted as a ‘girl’ different contexts,” Field said. “Members of the network decided it was time for a dedicated conference to explore this question.” As a result, the two-day conference consisted of six panels, lectures, a film screening and an undergraduate symposium, all of which discussed the various aspects of black girlhood. “We gathered over 50 presenters including scholars, artists and activists to present research, creative work and organizational efforts centered on the experience of black

girls,” Field said. “We created a space for an intergenerational conversation where elders, adults and young girls shared their wisdom and forged common concerns.” Approximately 150 people were present for the keynote panel, which was held Friday night and focused on politics and how black girlhood has shaped experiences of prominent activists around the world. “Over the past year, black schoolgirls and college students have engaged in protests across the globe — in South Africa, in the United States, in France and more,” Field said. “At the same time, scholars and artists have also noted black girls’ artistic creativity and ingenuity; the ways in which black girls find the time to seek pleasure and love in the face of a violent world.” Field and Simmons said they felt this topic was an important conversation for undergraduates to be a part of and felt the panel was the best way to accomplish this goal. The panel consisted of four black activists — Janaé Bonsu, the national public policy chair of BYP100, Beverley Ditsie, a South African filmmaker and co-founder of the Gay and Lesbian Organization of the Witwatersrand, Denise Oliver-Velez, former member of the Young Lords Party and Black Panther party and Phindile Kunene, a curriculum developer at the Tshisimani Center for Activist Education in South Africa. Assoc. History Prof. Claudrena Harold moderated the panel. The panelists began by discussing how politicization intersected with their experiences as a black

girl, which differed among the panelists. For example, Oliver-Velez said she grew up in a “very political family.” “I was political from the time I dropped out of my mother’s womb,” Oliver-Velez said. “My grandfather called himself a ‘race man.’ It’s like Paul Robeson comes and sings you ‘Happy Birthday’ for your sixth birthday. I didn’t know there was a world that wasn’t political. I didn’t know there were people that weren’t political.” For some of the panelists, being identified as a girl was not something that was at the forefront of their minds as a child. “I was never aware that I was a girl for probably until my early teens,” Ditsie said. “But, having said that, I was constantly being made aware I was girl by the uncles and neighbors who were trying to touch and do more than touch.” Bonsu also did not fully recognize girlhood until she began puberty at the age of nine. At that point, she said she was not seen as a person, but as body parts. Bonsu also recalled how others attempted to define her “blackness,” especially when she started attending a predominantly white school in a different neighborhood. “When I went home, I wasn’t black enough for my neighborhood friends,” Bonsu said. “From nine to four, I’m in this white world and when I went home I was told, ‘oh, you’re just a white girl in a black girl body.’ I am literally African-American and you’re telling me I’m not black enough — what does that mean?”

RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Panelists Janaé Bonsu, Beverley Ditsie, Phindile Kunene and Denise Oliver-Velez discussed their experiences with black girlhood and activism during Friday’s keynote panel.

In addition to black girlhood, the panelists discussed their roles in activism and the importance of organization when engaging in political activism. “Organizations are important because they’re containers for political education, for leadership development, for bringing other people into the movement,” Bonsu said. “You have a rally and people go home without any action items. Organizations help keep the momentum going. There’s a difference between mobilizing and organizing.” Oliver-Velez said she agreed, stating that activism through organization is what helps to really effect change. “You have to have multiple approaches, but permanent change in

this country usually occurs through judicial and legislative action,” Oliver-Velez said. “We have to be very, very careful and very, very organized.” Overall, Field said she thought the conference was successful, and they are currently devising plans to host it again in the future. “Participants formed lasting connections that will sustain ongoing work and create new knowledge,” Field said. “We also hope that this conference will inspire administrators, faculty and students at U.Va. to continue existing research projects on black women and girls and to direct even more resources towards scholarship at the intersections of race, age and gender.”

Society for Women Engineers hosts day of activities Event encourages middle school girls to get excited about science, engineering ANNA POLLARD AND ROBERT BORK | STAFF WRITERS The Society for Women Engineers at the University hosted middle school girls from around Virginia on Grounds Sunday as a part of their outreach program geared towards promoting a passion for science. Brianna Biesecker, a third-year Engineering student and SWE cochair of Elementary and Middle School Outreach, said Middle School Visitation Day is meant to get the girls excited about science and engineering with hands-on activities. “They learn about science in school, but we like to show them actual engineering applications,” Biesecker said. The program included handson design activities, as well as tours of the engineering labs by graduate

students to teach the middle schoolers about engineering. The hands-on design activities included an exercise where the students could construct miniature robots, or “brushbots,” from toothbrush heads and motors. Shermoen said students would also build small boats to explore engineering concepts such as buoyancy and volume. Madeline Malone, a sixth-grader at Jack Jouett Middle School, said she enjoyed the program. “I really like the hands on activities — we created small robots out of the heads of toothbrushes, that was quite enjoyable,” Malone said. “I want to be a chemist, but I like engineering because it’s more building things and I like to create things.”

The program included three tours of the engineering labs, with featured demonstrations and experiments by graduate students. Megan Grzyb, a fourth-year Engineering student and SWE president, volunteered at the event as a group leader, and said she was pleased by students’ reactions to the interactive nature of the labs and activities. “I think that kind of interactive stuff gets them excited and makes engineering more real for them and connect with the research topic we are talking about,” Grzyb said. “I think all the girls were interested and responded well, and it was fun to talk to them about what excited them.” The students were selected to participate in this program based off an

application sent out to schools in the local area and other parts of the state. Biesecker said this program is important to introduce the engineering more concretely to students. “What I’ve noticed from being involved in SWE is that so many high schools, and even middle schools, have so many engineering programs, but most of these are optional, so if you can get younger girls interested and to sign up or join the club, [that’s important] because otherwise they may not know they’re interested in engineering,” Biesecker said. Shermoen agreed and said many girls don’t explore engineering unless they understand more specifically what it involves. “We’ve had girls come through

the programs who say, ‘We didn’t really know what engineering was until we came to your SWE event, and now I want to do it,’” Shermoen said. Grzyb said she enjoyed sharing science and engineering with the students, as someone in the past introduced her to the field. “We [in SWE] can think back to our own experiences growing up when we had older people introduce us to that, and it feels meaningful to give back, and I think it’s meaningful on their part, getting a special day to learn about this and knowing that we want to put on this type of event for them,” Grzyb said.


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NEWS • www.cavalierdaily.com

Ceremony honors U.Va. alumnus who died in WWI Community reflects on Sergeant James Rogers McConnell’s legacy DANIEL HOERAUF AND HUMNA SHARIF | STAFF WRITERS Members of the community and University administration met March 16 for a ceremony honoring the 100th anniversary of the death of former University student James Rogers McConnell. McConnell, who spent two years in the College of Arts and Sciences and one year in the Law School, died in combat as a pilot for France during World War I. McConnell, who originally matriculated to the University in 1907, was the first of 64 men affiliated with the University to die in WWI. McConnell also has the distinction of being the last American to die for the French during WWI before the U.S. officially entered the war. McConnell originally joined the war effort by becoming a member of the American Ambulance Corp in France, but later decided to join the American Lafayette Escadrille — later renamed to the Lafayette Escadrille — as one the original seven pilots. McConnell’s service on the French battlefields came to an end March 19, 19While on patrol, he engaged in aerial combat with several German pilots and was separated from his fellow pilots, was shot several times by enemy machine guns and is believed to have died before his plane even hit the ground. A note written by McConnell was found on him after his death which indicated that he did not fully expect to survive the war.

“My burial is of no import,” the note read. “Good luck to the rest of you. God damn Germany and Vive la France." After his death, several University alumni and friends of McConnell commissioned Gutzon Borglum, the sculptor most famously known for Mount Rushmore, to create a statue honoring McConnell’s life. That statue called “The Aviator” still stands on Grounds today between Alderman and Clemons libraries. Former University President Edwin Alderman also sent a letter regarding the statue and McConnell’s contribution to McConnell’s father on March 28, 1917. “In my judgement, there ought to be placed upon our Grounds, or upon our walls, some really beautiful and noble memorial to James McConnell. It ought to be of such beauty and dignity as to have a spiritual and patriotic appeal to the future generations of our youth,” Alderman said. “He has written his name high upon the rolls of those who have illustrated by valor and courage the spirit of this University and the loftier qualities of American citizenship.” While at the University, McConnell was a very involved student. In addition to being a member of the Hot Feet Society — a precursor to the IMP Society — a brother of Beta Theta Pi and an editor of Corks and Curls, McConnell was also the pres-

ident and a founding member of the Aero Club. Chase Ciotti, a third-year Commerce student and president of the Omicron chapter of Beta Theta Pi, said McConnell is still a large part of their chapter’s history. “It’s an inspiring way to see that even somebody who was once in your position can make a contribution,” Ciotti said. Ciotti said McConnell’s dedication to service has had a lasting impact on the chapter. “I think the really big thing [about McConnell’s story] is the selflessness and the commitment to service,” Ciotti said. “Just to have people put their ego in check and see that they can contribute in a lot of different ways to a cause that’s important to them. That selflessness is an important thing to keep in mind.” In addition to the ceremony, the University is honoring McConnell with an exhibition at the Small Special Collections Library. The exhibition, open to the public through May 21, includes several of McConnell’s letters and other artifacts from WWI. “I have met a lot of current U.Va. students who are driven by a dedication to service, and I hope they see themselves in McConnell, and feel inspired by his example to follow that path,” Molly Schwartzburg, curator of the Small Special Collections Library, said in an email to The Cavalier Daily.

RICHARD DIZON | CAVALIER DAILY

“The Aviator,” a statue honoring McConnell’s life, is located between Clemons and Alderman libraries.

Schwartzburg said curating the exhibition was a moving experience for her and she hopes it has the same effect on others as well. “He truly believed in the rightness of the French cause, in his own duty to assist, and in the honor of dying

for what he believed in,” Schwartzburg said. “But this was not naïve or simply idealistic. He knew what war was after a year clearing bodies from the trenches, under fire, at great risk.”

U.Va. adjunct professor announced for Treasury position Law professor Jim Donovan tapped by Trump administration SAM HENSON | STAFF WRITER Jim Donovan, University Law adjunct professor and longtime Goldman Sachs managerial executive, has been nominated by President Donald Trump to be the deputy secretary of the Treasury in the new administration. Donovan succeeds Sarah Bloom Raskin, who has been the deputy secretary for the past three years under the Obama administration. Donovan would report to Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, who was confirmed by the U.S. Senate in February by a vote of 53-47. Mnuchin is also a Goldman Sachs alumnus. Donovan will play a large role in the Trump administration, specifically with tax reform changes for corporate and individual tax codes. He will work closely with Mnuchin, whose responsibilities include everything from regulating the printing of physical currency to enforcing

COURTESY UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA

Jim Donovan has been nominated as the next deputy Treasury secretary.

economic sanctions on international countries.

He graduated from MIT with a B.S. in chemical engineering and an MBA from MIT Sloan School in 1989. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1993. Donovan has taught short courses in corporate strategy and business ethics at the University’s School of Law since 2009. Law School Dean Risa Goluboff lauded Donovan as an educator in an email statement to The Cavalier Daily. “Jim Donovan has been teaching courses in our Law & Business Program for eight years, and during that time he has given our students unique and invaluable instruction in corporate strategy and client relations,” Goluboff said. “We are fortunate to have him as a member of the U.Va. Law community and hope to have him back when he concludes his public service.” In addition to teaching, Do-

novan has a long history with the Goldman Sachs firm. Donovan joined Goldman in 1993, became a partner in 2000 and soon after became a managing director for the firm. Donovan helped build Goldman’s private wealth management unit, which manages billions of dollars for its clients. Donovan has advised large corporate clients, including Bain Capital, the private equity firm founded by Mitt Romney. In Romney’s 2012 presidential campaign, Donovan described his role as a trusted advisor to the campaign. Romney tweeted his support for the appointment on March 14. “I'm a fan of proposed Deputy Treasury Secretary Jim Donovan,” Romney wrote. “A qualified person of integrity and a friend for many years.” Donovan joined the Trump transition team after a meeting

last year with the Trump’s senior advisor and son-in-law, Jared Kushner. Donovan has spent the recent months helping Mnuchin with staff hirings at the Treasury Department. Critics of Trump have not positively received the appointment of Donovan due to his ties to Goldman Sachs. Trump was highly critical of Goldman Sachs on the campaign trail, tweeting criticism against Goldman Sachs for “owning” candidates like Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Donovan would be the fifth high-profile figure with experience at Goldman Sachs to join the Trump administration. Other appointments include White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon and Gary D. Cohn, the director of the National Economic Council at the White House.


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U.Va, CIOs provide resources to undocumented students Administration pledges to protect students’ immigrant statuses ISABEL BANTA | STAFF WRITER President Donald Trump’s ascension to the presidency has raised many questions regarding the status of DACA students, or those who are protected under former President Barack Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals policy of 2012. These students are given a deferral of deportation if they arrived in the U.S. as children. Trump’s hardline immigration stances, including his campaign suggestions that most or all undocumented immigrants be deported, has called students’ DACA status into question. For students at the University, being subject to federal immigration laws has raised the question of safe spaces on Grounds. DACA and College Students: In 2015, the Center for American Progress reported that about 665,000 people were dependent on DACA for their residency in the U.S. According to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website, “The Department of Homeland Security will exercise prosecutorial discretion as appropriate to ensure that enforcement resources are not expended on low priority cases, such as individuals who came to the United States as children and meet other key guidelines.” For college students specifically, the DACA program has led to increased educational and job opportunities for immigrants. According to a national survey conducted by University of California, San Diego Asst. Politics Prof. Tom K. Wong and National Immigration Law Center, DACA significantly increased educational success for impacted students. The survey reported that 92 percent of those in school had “pursued educational opportunities [they] previously could not.” Pressures for the University under Trump administration: According to the Pew Research Center, the DACA program may be immediately cancelled as promised due its ties to the Obama administration, or it may be phased out over time due to each DACA expiring after two years. In response to the uncertainty of the Trump administration’s stance on this issue, over 700 University students and faculty signed a petition in November 2016 to ask University President Teresa Sullivan to prioritize DACA holders on Grounds. Since taking office, Trump has been unclear about his intentions towards repealing DACA, noting in a press conference on Feb. 16 that his administration will “deal with DACA with heart” and called it a “very difficult subject.” Trump has not issued a repeal of DACA. The petition asked the University to “affirm its commitment to the safe-

ty and security of all students, and especially to DACA students.” Proposed protections also included supporting DACA students to receive equal scholarship and financial aid opportunities. The petition also called for the University to be a “sanctuary campus” for DACA students. The University has not made the decision to declare itself a sanctuary campus for undocumented immigrants. Sanctuary campuses protect DACA and undocumented students unless under a direct court order or warrant. The term is derived from the concept of sanctuary cities, which refers to cities who refuse to turn over undocumented immigrants to federal immigration authorities. On the campaign trail, Trump noted several times that such cities are technically breaking the law in declaring themselves ‘sanctuaries,’ and stated that such cities should not receive federal funds. Adam Kimelman, vice chair of campaigns for the College Republicans and second-year College student, said the ambiguity of what a sanctuary campus makes the legalities involved vague. “It’s a very complicated topic because the whole idea behind sanctuary campuses has a very strong moral backing in the fact that it feels like something we should be doing,” Kimelman said. “We should be giving lots of resources, we should be protecting students who go to U.Va. who are our classmates. Where it becomes a very large gray area is with legalities. We start choosing which laws to follow or which laws not to follow.” Virginia Chambers, a first-year College student and communications director for the University Democrats, also said she had doubts about whether the University could be a sanctuary campus. “We are always interested in turning U.Va. into a sanctuary campus or turning Charlottesville into a sanctuary city if that were possible,” Chambers said in an email statement. “I don’t think it will happen because of the Dillon Rule in Virginia, which puts limits on what localities can do without the consent of the state itself.” As a Dillon Rule state, Virginia has limited “home rule” or local authority in comparison to other states. Current self-proclaimed sanctuary campuses include the University of Pennsylvania and Wesleyan University and ongoing protests to establish a sanctuary campus are occurring at universities across the country. DREAMers on Grounds President and third-year Curry student Paola Sanchez said the University was generally helpful in providing resources to undocumented students. “U.Va., when compared to oth-

RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Students, including members of DREAMers on Grounds, protest outside of a Board of Visitors meeting.

er schools in the south, has been very receptive to the demands of DREAMers,” Sanchez said in an email to The Cavalier Daily. “Nonetheless, I believe the University still has a long way to go. U.Va. has yet to release a statement particularly pertaining to the protection and support of their undocumented students.” For instance, the University of Michigan publicly stated its intent to “protect the interests of our international community of scholars” and undocumented immigrants in January. “On their financial services website, [the University of Michigan] have a whole tab dedicated to the financial concerns of undocumented students,” Sanchez said. “Meanwhile, most undocumented prospective students who apply to U.Va., are often unsure of their financial future will look like at the University.” Resources at the University: Though the University has not made a public statement supporting a sanctuary campus, Sullivan and Executive Vice President and Provost Tom Katsouleas said in January that they would protect the immigration status of students, and keep this status confidential. Multicultural Student Services is one of the resources on Grounds where multicultural students can find support. According to its website, the mission of the MSS is to “to promote belonging and engagement for underrepresented and marginalized students” and to “enhance the undergraduate experience through co-curricular programs and culturally relevant services that are meant to empower students in their identity, build community, and provide holistic support for diverse students.” Vicki Gist, assistant dean of stu-

dents and director of Multicultural Student Services, stated the importance of making MSS functions available specifically to undocumented students. “While all of the University’s resources are easily accessible, undocumented students may not feel comfortable sharing their status with many people,” Gist said in an email statement. “ODOS Multicultural Students Services, the Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs, and the International Studies Office have partnered to reach out to undocumented students since last semester. We encourage them to seek us out so that we can help to facilitate their connection to necessary resources in a way that maintains their privacy and comfort.” The Multicultural Student Center also acts as a centralized place for multicultural students to gather in a safe, collaborative space. Additionally, the University offers Just Report It, a service that utilizes student reports to reduce racist or homophobic activity on campus. On the website for Just Report It, Sullivan states that students can use the system knowing that a staff member will follow up on the report. “Such reports will be treated seriously and investigated promptly and impartially, and without fear of reprisal or retaliation for making a report in good faith,” Sullivan said on the website. The Impact of CIOs: A student-run University resource for undocumented immigrants is DREAMers on Grounds, a CIO that is working to support the immigrant student community. DREAMers on Grounds achieved CIO status in March 2016 after Student Council had previously rejected their request in a close vote with six

yes votes and six abstentions. The decision was revised two weeks later, and DREAMers on Grounds is now a primary resource for DACA students at the University. “DREAMers on Grounds is ... dedicated to supporting undocumented students and educating the broader community about the challenges they face,” Gist said. “In them, undocumented students will find a supportive group of peers and allies.” DREAMers on Grounds has collaborated with other student groups such as University Democrats to raise awareness and also sponsor UndocuALLY training sessions, which educate the University community about legislation and about the immigrant student community on Grounds. “We have been really impressed with what [DREAMers on Grounds] have done in just making sure students are aware of what’s going on and providing training so that people who do care but maybe don’t have a way to otherwise get involved can be still allies to that community,” Chambers said. DREAMers on Grounds serves as a safe, dedicated place at the University for DACA recipients and undocumented students. “DREAMers on Grounds have worked hard to make U.Va. a space where DREAMers can continue to pursue an education without fear of deportation,” Sanchez said. “Thankfully, on Grounds, administration and faculty have shown support for undocumented students by offering their allyship.” Despite this expressed support, the issue of sanctuary campuses and undocumented immigration remains under the Trump presidency remains contentious, and Trump has not yet announced when he will make a decision on DACA.


THE CAVALIER DAILY

LOVE CONNECTION

JACOB

& ARIANA

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Bonding over a love for U.Va. LILLIE NEAL | LOVE GURU

Jacob and Ariana met at Starbucks at 2 p.m. on Saturday to grab coffee and get to know each other. ARIANA: My friend signed me up for Love Connection actually. JACOB: I’m a fourth-year, and I figured why not try it out and have an experience that I hoped would be fun and interesting. ARIANA: I haven’t been on a blind date before. I didn’t really approach this as a date, I just figured it was an opportunity to meet someone new at U.Va. who evidently Love Connection thought I had similarities with and figured I might as well meet them. JACOB: I can cross it off the list now. I assumed they would match me up with someone I could have a conversation with, but that was pretty much my only expectation. I wasn’t sure who I was supposed to meet because there were two people that had striped shirts, but then Ariana came up to me and asked if my name started with a J and then I asked if hers started with an A, so we knew. ARIANA: When we met, we just said hi and laughed a little bit, got a drink at Starbucks, and walked outside to his Lawn room which started a great conversation about mutual friends we had. He actually lives on the Lawn a few doors down from the kid who signed me up for this. JACOB: Initially, I thought she was a nice person. We kind of just chatted and then we realized we knew a lot of the same people, and it helped me get a sense of who she was. ARIANA: I thought it was cool he signed up for this and was putting himself out there. He was really easy-going with the process. He wasn’t acting weird or anything. It was just like meeting up with a friend. JACOB: We talked about the kind of things we did at U.Va. and our love for our school. That’s the main thing we had in common — being very passionate in what we were involved in. We’re in different parts of the University, but still had the same passion for Grounds. ARIANA: For things we have in common, definitely mutual

JACOB COURTESY JACOB

YEAR: Fourth SCHOOL: College of Arts and Sciences MAJOR: Chemistry and African-American and African Studies U.VA INVOLVEMENT: Office of African-American Affairs Peer Advisor, Black Male Initiative, Iota Beta Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. IDEAL DATE (PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES): Attractive, female IDEAL DATE PERSONALITY: Cool, easy to talk to, enjoys sports, laughs at my jokes IDEAL DATE ACTIVITY: Dinner, tossing a football on the lawn, watching a sporting event DEALBREAKERS?: Trump supporter DESCRIBE A TYPICAL WEEKEND: Starting Friday, I mentor at an elementary school, and depending on my work load, I would go out HOBBIES: Playing and talking sports, hanging with friends WHAT MAKES YOU A GOOD CATCH?: Dating me is dating your best friend. WHAT MAKES YOU A LESS-THAN-PERFECT CATCH?: I tell dad jokes (reason why I said someone who's willing to laugh at my jokes). WHAT IS YOUR SPIRIT ANIMAL?: Gazelle — graceful and elegant in its presence WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE PICK-UP LINE?: Netflix & chill? DESCRIBE YOURSELF IN ONE SENTENCE: I am a driven individual deeply passionate about his involvement in uplifting his community.

YEAR: Fourth SCHOOL: Curry School of Education MAJOR: History U.VA INVOLVEMENT: I am on the Honor Committee, I volunteer with Madison House and I'm in three secret societies. IDEAL DATE (PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES): 6-foot-0, give or take two inches. No more, no less. IDEAL DATE PERSONALITY: Slightly misogynistic. I'm a raging feminist, and nothing gets me going like a good conversation about Trump's America. IDEAL DATE ACTIVITY: Shebeen, followed by Himalayan Fusion, followed by the Benny's Challenge. Pregame extensively. DEALBREAKERS?: Sigma Chi, Phi Delt, Beta, Elmo, NOT DKE, The Hall, Definitely Beta again, Chi Phi, Serp, Alpha Sig, Chi Psi, Phi Psi DESCRIBE A TYPICAL WEEKEND: Drinking with elder men HOBBIES: Drinking with elder men WHAT MAKES YOU A GOOD CATCH?: I get $500 for doing the Benny's challenge, and I'm 5/5 in the last month. WHAT MAKES YOU A LESS-THAN-PERFECT CATCH?: It's not alcoholism, I swear. WHAT IS YOUR SPIRIT ANIMAL?: Dolphinshark WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE PICK-UP LINE?: You must have swallowed a magnet because you’re quite attractive. DESCRIBE YOURSELF IN ONE SENTENCE: I won the spirit award on the varsity fencing team in high school.

ARIANA COURTESY ARIANA

friends. Definitely a love for U.Va. sports. We both like sports. We’re both from out of town. JACOB: The conversation was pretty balanced in regards to what we were talking about. ARIANA: The Honor Amendment just came out, and he has very funny opinions about it based on a mutual friend, so we started talking about it, and he was like sort of against it and was just talking a lot about that. Ironically, I’m on the Honor Committee, so it was super awkward but in a funny way for him to rag on Honor,

which most people do. He knew in the beginning I was on Honor, but I don’t think he realized I was on the executive committee. JACOB: Immediately when she said she was on Honor, I was thinking, “Oh, I guess we can’t talk about the 55 percent amendment,” but it was cool she was open about it. I was intrigued with the Honor policy. Yeah, I knew Ariana was on Honor but not on the executive committee, so I talked about that some. ARIANA: So in Sustained Dialogue, they’ll pair you with

someone else in the group and in your own time, you all go and grab coffee. It felt very much like that, just having a chance to get to know someone at U.Va. It’s cool because it’s someone I would have never met otherwise. So, I would definitely be down to hang out as friends again. Especially if I’m passing the Lawn, I’ll stop and say hello. I’m not really looking for a relationship right now, so I didn’t approach the situation like that.

had a really good and friendly conversation, though. I could see myself hanging out with her again. I had to meet up with a friend to study, so we exchanged contacts and parted our ways.

JACOB: It was definitely more of a friend vibe. I’m not the type of person that when I first meet someone I go in that regard. We

JACOB: I would rate the date an 8!

ARIANA: As a hangout, getting to know someone, it was definitely a 10. As an activity on a Saturday getting coffee, it was awesome. Great conversation. I’m definitely glad I did it.


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

www.cavalierdaily.com • LIFE

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Behind the scenes of Days on the Lawn Students organize programs for prospective students GRACE AMOROSI | FEATURE WRITER It’s that time of year again — when Grounds are overrun by tour groups, Newcomb Dining Hall becomes packed and the bookstore is full of proud parents purchasing University t-shirts and bumper stickers. It’s the first day of Days on the Lawn. Days on the Lawn is an openhouse program for newly admitted students and their families held during March and April, offering a day-in-the-life perspective on academic, residential and student life at the University. Entirely run by student volunteers, Days on the Lawn will take place March 20 and 27, and April 3, 10, 14 and 17. Anyone can sign up to be a volunteer. This year, 685 students have signed up for the volunteer listserv, though not everyone will ultimately participate. Sixteen team leaders, selected through an application process, run the various programs of Days on the Lawn, including morning registration, greeters, an admissions area, a student social, residence hall tours and a resource sair. Two co-chairs oversee the organization of the program. The majority of the hands-on interactions with prospective students,

though, is done by student volunteers. Planning for Days on the Lawn begins before winter break. This year’s co-chairs — fourth-year Engineering student Jordan Rogus and second-year College student Michael Horth — selected the team leaders. Team leaders run listservs, set up and monitor spreadsheets, dictate how programs are run and coordinate volunteers. Third-year Nursing student Talia Sion is one of the team leaders for the admissions area. “Being a team leader is way more about organization and logistics, not so much about the implementation … we make sure we plan everything — we contact the right people, we design the t-shirts, we’re having office hours to stuff all the folders and bags for the visitors,” Sion said. “We have to stuff thousands and thousands of folders because we have about 500 visitors a day.” Rogus and Horth oversee the organization of the program, including working with the Office of Admission to obtain funding. They are responsible for marketing, advertising and interfacing

with different parts of the University to make sure everything runs smoothly. The co-chairs also coordinate with local vendors to donate food. This year, Raising

story and their perspective to make them want to come here and learn about U.Va.,” Sion said. “We’re not pitching a motto or a storyline. We

are student volunteers who go to class and sleep here and eat here.”

Cane’s, Red Eye Cookie Co. and Domino’s have agreed to donate. Though the team leaders and co-chairs spend months planning for Days on the Lawn, the most important moments happen during the program itself. “That’s where the true oneon-one interactions occur, and that’s kind of where Days on the Lawn’s bread-and-butter is,” Rogus said. “It’s the one-on-one interactions that facilitate any real decision-making between seniors in high school and coming to college.” The volunteers themselves do not plan for Days on the Lawn nor do they receive formal training. Any student can sign up to help out through a range of activities, from giving dorm tours to checking in visiting students. “We really want them to be open and honest and positive, but most importantly real with these visitors — to give them our U.Va.

SASKIA FELDMAN | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Students post signs on the Lawn to welcome high school seniors to Grounds.

Concert raises funds to support Syrian Refugees Refugee Outreach supports Watanili, Support to Life KATIE NICHOLSON | FEATURE WRITER Refugee Outreach held a concert March 17 to benefit Watanili and Support to Life, two organizations working with Syrian refugees in Turkey to prevent gaps in education and to help them begin reassembling their lives. The night was filled with videos, speeches and performances from a cappella groups and individual student musicians. All of the proceeds from the event go to nonprofit organizations. “We want to make sure that people are in tune with what’s going on, and it’s not just something that you see on TV,” said Dalya Saadoon, a co-organizer and second-year College student. “It’s something that’s happening dayto-day in a different place. Just because it’s happening in a different place, doesn’t mean we shouldn’t help with it.” Refugee Outreach, the Arab Student Organization and the Afghan Student Association co-sponsored the event. About 50 people attended the event

ANCHITA KHULLAR | THE CAVALIER DAILY

A cappella groups preformed at the event.

and close to $500 was raised for Watanili and Support to Life. Although attendance at the event may have been lower due to Saint Patrick’s Day, organizers believe the event was a success. “Rather than raising a lot of money, we saw this event as a means of getting our names out there and taking a first step.” said Akin Yucel, a co-organizer and a third-year College student. “In terms of that, I believe it was very successful.”

This was the first event held by Refugee Outreach, a group seeking CIO status, formed by Saadoon, Yucel and second-year College student Laurie Findley. The three sought to form Refugee Outreach because they believed current CIOs addressing similar issues were too inactive. The organization aims to be highly active and to provide aid for refugees from all nations. Findley came up with the idea for Refugee Outreach after work-

ing on other humanitarian projects. “Initially, my work focused on human trafficking,” Findley said. “As that progressed, I saw how vulnerable the refugee population is to human trafficking and so my work focused on how we can aid them more so we can prevent the cycle and address the symptoms of the issues.” Findley has been involved with humanitarian issues since the ninth grade. She said she was first motivated to help after seeing a documentary called “The Dark Side of Chocolate,” which highlighted issues with child labor and human trafficking in the cocoa industry. She said she now hopes to aid refugees in improving their quality of life. “I’ve been getting engaged with other organizations that try to have a sustainable impact on this issue,” Findley said. “I know several people who either are refugees themselves or who have family who are affected by this, so this has a very personal implica-

tion as well. That’s why I feel so passionate about this cause.” Celina Abbound, a fourth-year College student and Arab Student Organization president said proceeds from the concert will help provide education and psychological services for the refugees. “Since all of us here are receiving one of the greatest educations in the world, it’s really hard and sad to see that people who want to be in a school or study in a college can’t [because] they were kicked out of their own houses,” Abbound said. The event aimed to highlight hope in the face of tragedy. “[The event talked] about a very difficult topic in a really unique way. [There were] speeches and a lot of performances,” third-year College student Savannah Lane said. “It really [brought] together our University community to celebrate our diversities, celebrate our cultures in a really exciting way. I think that’s a fantastic thing to do in such a polarizing time.”


THE CAVALIER DAILY

8

Men’s basketball ends season in loss to Florida No. 5 seeded Virginia falls apart against No. 4 Gators in round of 32 MARIEL MESSIER | SPORTS EDITOR No. 5 seed Virginia couldn’t put together a solid offensive performance against No. 4 seeded Florida, and saw its season slip away in the round of 32 in the NCAA Tournament with a 65-39 loss. The 39 points the Cavaliers (23-11, 11-7 ACC) scored were their lowest point total of the season. The Gators (26-8, 14-4 SEC) will move onto the Sweet Sixteen next and face No. 8 seed Wisconsin at Madison Square Garden. While Virginia made an appearance in the round of 32 for the fourth straight season, it was hoping to make it to the Sweet Sixteen for the third time in four years. The Cavaliers edged out UNC-Wilmington in the first round of the tournament, but offensive struggles that plagued the team during a four game losing skid in the regular season reappeared against Florida Saturday night. “You know, there's a gap. We've got to improve our program,” coach Tony Bennett said. “They accomplished some stuff this year, but we've got to get better, and we've got to continue to recruit well [and] continue to develop players well.” Before Bennett can work on improving his program, however, he’ll have to come to terms with losing senior point guard London Perrantes, who appeared in his last game as a Cavalier. “Yeah, obviously I've got to step back from it and look at the past four years,” Perrantes said. “I did some things that I could be proud of, but

right now, obviously it's tough.” Perrantes provided offensive firepower for the Cavaliers Thursday, tallying 24 points to lead Virginia to a victory over UNC-Wilmington. He struggled offensively Saturday night against the Gators, shooting two of 12 and making two free throws to score six points. Junior guard Marial Shayok was also unable to get anything going offensively after an impressive offensive showing against the Seahawks. Shayok shot two-of-nine to record seven points. “Florida played a heck of a defensive game, and we were very poor offensively,” Bennett said. “They got some length behind — London and I talked about it. That quickness up front and that length behind protecting the rim was very challenging for us, and we didn't shoot it well when we got some looks. That's what happens.” The Gators held Virginia to a 29.6 field goal shooting percentage, and the team collectively shot one for 15 from beyond the arc. The Cavaliers scored just 17 points in the first half — good for the lowest points in a half in NCAA Tournament history for Virginia. Not a single Cavalier reached a double digit point total, and redshirt freshman forward Mamadi Diakite led Virginia in scoring with nine points. Sophomore center Jack Salt followed closely behind with eight points and 10 rebounds. “[Salt] battled, and [Diakite] was good early ... But there is a reason why Florida in defensive efficiency is

in the top five in the country,” Bennett said. “They really defend. You've got to make some shots.” Virginia’s defense let up against Florida’s offense throughout the game. The Gators went on a 21-0 run through the first and second halves, which were the most consecutive points allowed by the Cavaliers all season. Junior forward Devin Robinson led Florida in scoring with 14 points. The Chesterfield, Va. native also recorded 11 rebounds to earn the fifth double-double of his career. Senior forward Justin Leon also tallied 14 points and nine rebounds for the Gators. “It was a terrific win,” Florida coach Mike White said. “I'm really proud of these guys. It wasn't one guy individually. It was a collective effort to hold a 23-win ACC team to under 30 percent. These guys really, really guarded to give us a chance. We made some shots, of course. It's a big win for us.” The loss brought flashbacks of the last time Virginia faced the Gators in the NCAA Tournament. The 39 points the Cavaliers scored were their lowest amount of points in an NCAA Tournament game. Ironically, the second least amount of points they scored in a tournament matchup came when they scored 45 points against Florida in 2012. “Coach Bennett talked about it,” Perrantes said. “[The team is] going to have to come back, and if they want to get to that next level, it's going to — you've got to take this feel-

RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Senior point guard London Perrantes played his final game for Virginia in Saturday’s loss to Florida.

ing and put the fuels to the fire and get back to work during the summer, during the off-season, so we don't — so they don't have this feeling again.” However, Perrantes has a lot to be proud of looking back at his time at Virginia. He made his 134th career start, which is first all-time in program history, and finished his career as a Cavalier with 1,225 points. Perrantes will be scoping out his his future career prospects, while the

rest of the team will go back to the drawing board looking ahead to next season. “I know they'll be back,” Perrantes said. “We've got some good young talent, and coach Bennett is a genius behind it. So, they'll get back to work, and they'll be back for sure.”

No. 13 Virginia falls to No. 3 Notre Dame in overtime Virginia falls to ACC rival after lengthy delay RAHUL SHAH | SPORTS EDITOR The No. 13 Virginia men’s lacrosse team fell to No. 3 Notre Dame Saturday in what turned out to be an eventful evening at Klöckner Stadium. The Cavaliers (5-3, 0-2 ACC) lost 11-10 to the Fighting Irish (4-1, 1-0 ACC) in a game that lasted longer than usual due to a lightning delay causing a stoppage in play for over an hour towards the end of the first quarter. However, freshman goalie Griffin Thompson — who made his first start last night — refused to let the rain delay serve as an excuse. “I think it was kind of expected going in. We knew there was bad weather and we prepared for being able to go out strong afterwards,” Thompson said. At the end of the first quarter, the two teams were tied 2-2, and the

game looked like it was headed for a defensive battle. However, Notre Dame caught fire and rattled off a 5-1 run to take a commanding 7-3 lead. In response, Virginia scored a goal before the half to make it 7-4. “That first half was a bit of a struggle,” coach Lars Tiffany said. “What I really saw in that second quarter was them breaking down our team defense and our freshman goalie struggling in that second quarter, so that’s how that score kept ticking up against us, 7-3.” However, Virginia stepped up its play in the second half and went on a 5-1 run of their own to take a 9-8 lead by the end of the third quarter. Notre Dame would tie things up 10-10 at the end of regulation, letting the game go on to overtime. They were able to pull out the victory thanks to sophomore attackman Ry-

der Garnsey scoring the game-winning goal. Virginia, a team that usually scores a lot of goals due to their high, up-tempo offense, was limited to 10 goals by the Fighting Irish, and part of that was due to Notre Dame’s strong defense. “You know they were really good on defense and we struggled in the beginning, but we really came back positively in the second half,” Thompson said. “But I think it’s just a testament to their strength on the defense.” Even with Notre Dame’s superb defensive showing, Virginia freshman attackman Michael Kraus had a great day, scoring a career-high five goals. Despite the loss, Virginia was able to compete with and almost beat one of the best teams in the country.

Thompson understands the positives of the match despite the loss. “It definitely gives us a lot of heart going forward,” Thompson said. “I think a lot of guys realized today that we can run with everyone and I think it was just a great start to the season.” Senior defender Tanner Scales spoke about the confidence Virginia has in not only its ability to play, but also to improve. “There’s been no doubt in our locker room that we can play with everyone,” Scales said. “And I think, you know, we talk about it all the time — it doesn’t really matter about the score … It’s all about just getting better, and I think you’re starting to see that with our defense.” He added that the Cavaliers will now turn to the film room to see how they can correct some of the mistakes that they made Saturday.

“You know there’s places all over the field that we can correct, but we’re going to go watch the film and then we’ll take care of that,” Scales said. Despite the weather delay and pouring rain, Virginia fans showed up in numbers. “It was awesome,” Thompson said. “It was great to see all the support, you know, everybody definitely kept us up — kept us alive — and it was great.” “I’m really, really impressed when I looked over in here and saw the masses of people,” Tiffany said. “Really, really thankful for the crowd and the student body for coming back and for supporting us.” Virginia will now head on the road as they take on Johns Hopkins Saturday in Baltimore, Md. at 1 p.m.


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

www.cavalierdaily.com • SPORTS

9

IN DEFENSE OF TONY BENNETT AND VIRGINIA It doesn’t take a basketball savant to tell you the Virginia men’s basketball team’s 65-39 loss to Florida Saturday night was bad. Really, really bad. In its most important game of the season, the Cavalier offense laid just about as big of an egg as you’ll ever see in the craziness of March Madness. The Cavaliers shot a pitiful 29.6 percent from the field, scoring their fewest points ever in an NCAA tournament game. Florida went on a 21-0 run stretching between the first and second halves — Virginia didn’t score a single point for 7:55. Those who have followed coach Tony Bennett’s Cavaliers this season likely know this game was a reflection on Virginia’s limited roster, which Bennett tinkered with all year. But some in the national media chose to use this loss as an example of the shortcomings of Bennett himself. Yahoo Sports columnist Pat Forde took to Twitter during the second half of Virginia’s defeat to throw in a dig at Bennett. “Indiana fans who want Tony Bennett, please stand up,” Forde tweeted in reference to the head coach opening at Indiana after the Hoosiers fired Tom Crean March

16.

At 10:48 p.m., Forde felt the need to toss one more jab at Virginia before the night was over. “Hey, Virginia almost scored 40,” Forde said. “Good job, good effort.” As unbecoming and uninformed as Forde sounded, he was not alone in his criticism of Bennett’s style after the Florida loss. Washington Post sports columnist Barry Svrluga wrote on the difficulty of getting players and fans to buy into Virginia’s “methodical” approach which — he says — is “not the most attractive brand of basketball.” As columnists, both Forde and Svrluga are entitled to their own opinions. Certainly, neither is wrong in saying Virginia’s performance Saturday night was anything short of uninspiring. But to question Bennett’s credentials for other basketball openings — as Forde did — is foolish. Remember the uproar just last week when Illinois was rumored to offer Bennett a whopping $4.8 million per year in base salary? Previous Illinois coach John Groce made just $1.6 million last season. After an 18-16 record — including a 7-11 mark in the Big Ten — and

a first-round exit in the NIT this season, do you really think Indiana wouldn’t welcome Bennett’s services? Likewise, Svrluga’s argument doubting the program’s buy-in seems far-fetched. Few venues offer the home-court advantage of Virginia’s John Paul Jones Arena. Sometimes the biggest crowd eruptions come from forced shot clock violations — a direct reflection on Bennett’s style. And watching senior guard London Perrantes with his face buried in his hands, agonizing on the bench over the final minutes Saturday night sure seems like buy-in from the players to this columnist. Many — myself included — have been very critical of the team and its struggles this season. Just last week, I noted how difficult it would be for Virginia to make it to the second weekend of the NCAA tourney. Both UNC-Wilmington and Florida are very good teams. But to suggest Virginia’s shortcomings this season were in any way due to Bennett’s style is inaccurate. Pundits who think otherwise are quick to forget that Virginia lost Malcolm Brogdon, Anthony Gill and Mike Tobey to gradua-

tion from last season’s team. The Cavaliers also endured the surprising dismissal of Austin Nichols, leaving another gaping hole in the frontcourt Bennett did not expect to have to fill either this season or next. Without bringing in NBA lottery picks, that talent is awfully hard to replace in a single season. Under Bennett’s guidance, Virginia has won an NCAA tournament game for four consecutive years. The Cavaliers have earned an NCAA tournament No. 1 seed and won the ACC regular season title in two of the past four seasons. They won the ACC tournament championship for the first time since 1976 three years ago. Virginia also happened to make the Elite Eight and nearly the Final Four last season. And on a team without any elite-level talent this season, Virginia still defeated Notre Dame, North Carolina and Louisville — twice. “The thing that was frustrating is we really accomplished a lot this year,” Bennett said. “To end that way is obviously what really stings. It really does.” The Cavaliers were undoubtedly flawed — they had no real post presence, no slashing guards or players who could consistently hit outside shots. But Virginia still

won 23 games. Few coaches could accomplish such a feat in the ACC with Virginia’s roster. It also bears noting that two teams that joined Virginia in the Elite Eight last season — Oklahoma and Syracuse — did not even qualify for this year’s NCAA tournament. Bennett knows this as well as anyone. “Take this game away — and you can't take it away completely — but to finish 11-7, to win 23 games, to make the tournament, to advance with the inexperience and to stay together,” Bennett said. “I admired that about them.” Unlike Forde and Svrluga, Virginia fans shouldn’t let Saturday’s defeat overshadow the job Bennett has done at Virginia. One loss, however bad, does not define a program. Bennett has made Virginia one of college basketball’s most respected teams. Expect the successes to continue.

ROBERT ELDER was the 127th Sports Editor for The Cavalier Daily. He can be reached at r.elder@ cavalierdaily.com or on Twitter at @R_F_D_E.

EARLY TOURNAMENT EXIT SHOULD BE WAKE-UP CALL FOR VIRGINIA There’s no need to beat around the bush — last night was the most unwatchable game I have ever seen Virginia men’s basketball play. With a 21-0 run between the first and second halves, Florida completely knocked the wind out of Virginia. The team’s famous pack line defense could not stop the Gators, and its offense was exceptionally terrible — shooting a season-low 29.6 percent from the field and lacking a single player who could score in double digits. In scoring 39 points, Virginia not only had its worst offensive performance of the season — it had its worst offensive performance since December of 2013. It’s not an understatement to say Virginia took a shellacking from Florida. However, this season has provided lots of downs for a Cavalier team that has been lackluster compared to seasons past. With only one senior in London Perrantes, the Cavaliers needed a wake-up call if they want to improve next season — and this

game certainly provided it. “I probably made some mistakes in this game,” Virginia coach Tony Bennett said following the loss. “I've got to go back to the drawing board and figure out where we can tighten things up and be better.” While Virginia can hang its hat on defense — holding opponents to a national-best 56.4 points per game on average — the team never found a true offensive identity all season. Scoring an average of 66.1 points per game, the team finished No. 314 in the nation in scoring offense. Perrantes was the only double digit scorer on the team with 12.7 points per game. This season marks the first time this century that Virginia has not had two or more scorers averaging double digits. To be fair, Virginia has had to overcome major setbacks. First, losing Malcolm Brogdon — the team’s top scorer for the three previous seasons — was going to inevitably pose a challenge for the Cavaliers. Additionally, Bennett’s

dismissal of junior transfer Austin Nichols meant Virginia was left without a major post scorer and rebounder, taking away a big element of the team’s offense. While Virginia’s offense was expected to perform worse given these setbacks, a majority of the players completely underperformed. Junior guards Devon Hall, Marial Shayok and Darius Thompson — arguably the team’s most athletic players — could not find any consistency, shining one game and disappearing the next. Sophomore center Jack Salt started every game but hardly played like his 6-foot-11 frame — only managing 4.1 rebounds and 3.7 points per game. Freshman guards Kyle Guy and Ty Jerome took too many shots and didn’t pull the trigger enough, respectively. None of these players needed to be the next Brogdon or Joe Harris for the team to thrive. However, each one of them needed to do more. The Florida rout proved this point. When Virginia went down to

Florida 17-31 at the end of the first half, the team needed everyone to step up to get back into the game. Similar to when Virginia was down in other games throughout the season, this did not happen. Shayok — who had shown his true potential by putting up a career-high 23 points against UNC-Wilmington in the first round — completely disappeared against the Gators, putting up seven points on 2-for-9 shooting. Hall, Jerome and Guy finished with goose eggs on the night, and Perrantes struggled to buy a bucket. Virginia’s offensive struggles were prevalent all season, though. In an overtime match against Miami, Virginia managed to score only 48 points on 31.4 percent and lost despite holding the Hurricanes to 54 points. Against North Carolina, the team lost 65-41 behind a poor 27.8 percent shooting effort. Time and again — with a lack of ball movement — the Cavaliers fell into a habit of settling for bad looks. The type of loss to

Florida is nothing Virginia fans hadn’t previously witnessed. Hopefully, this embarrassing loss will push the Cavalier returners to work hard in the offseason and return next season with a vengeance. If Virginia wants to be a national contender once again, then it must have more of an aggressive offensive scheme. The team cannot expect to win games if it doesn’t persistently drive to the hoop and move the ball around all parts of its opponent’s court. Obviously, no Virginia fan wanted to see the Cavaliers get routed to the Gators. However, this early tournament exit should serve as a necessary wake-up call for a team that has struggled all season. Let’s just hope Virginia hears it.

BEN TOBIN is an Assistant Managing Editor for the Cavalier Daily. He can be reached at b.tobin@cavalierdaily.com.


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THE CAVALIER DAILY

SPORTS • www.cavalierdaily.com

Two wrestlers place at NCAA Championships

RICHARD DIZON | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Senior George DiCamillo helped lead Virginia to a 15th place finish at the NCAA Championships.

In its first ACC road game of the season, Virginia lost 10-3 to NC State. The Wolfpack (11-16, 5-1 ACC) came up with some big hits in the last two innings to keep Virginia (10-16, 2-7 ACC) from threatening its early 3-1 lead. One of those hits was a grand slam in the bottom of the fifth inning from NC State freshman Haley Finn, bringing the game to 7-3. Despite the Cavaliers getting two more runs on the scoreboard in the next inning, the Wolfpack got a three-run home run to make its lead 10-3 and out of grasp for the Cavaliers. The Cavaliers struggled to generate offense against a lefty pitcher Friday from NC State — only the second left-handed pitcher the Cavaliers have had to face this year. Although Virginia’s hits were few, both senior third baseman Kaitlin Fitzgerald and junior

Four members of Virginia men’s wrestling competed in the NCAA Championships this weekend with two managing to place in the competition. Freshman Jack Mueller finished sixth overall at 125 pounds after losing his semifinal match to the No. 6 seed. Unfortunately, Mueller could not continue to wrestle for third place because of an injury sustained in the semifinal. Mueller was also presented with an award for being the NCAA statistical leader with a nation-leading 12-tech fall victories. The other wrestler to place, senior George DiCamillo, matched the best individual finish in the wrestling team’s program history by coming in as

runner-up at 141 pounds. DiCamillo battled valiantly against top-seeded defending NCAA Champion Dean Heil from Oklahoma State, but lost a 6-3 decision in his last collegiate wrestling match. This marked the first time in program history Virginia had a pair of semifinalists in the same season. Virginia finished No. 15 overall in team standings with 29.5 points, tying the second highest finish in program history. The tournament capped off an exciting season for the Cavaliers who seem to have finally arrived as a nationally recognized wrestling program under coach Steve Garland. — compiled by Hunter Ostad

Softball drops series to NC State

outfielder Allison Davis found some success, with Fitzgerald going three-for-three and Davis going two-for-three and getting her third triple of the season. When the two teams faced off again the next day, the Cavaliers certainly didn’t have trouble tallying up hits, but they still couldn’t get the win. The Cavaliers out-hit the Wolfpack with a season-high 17 hits in the 8-6 loss. However, along with the season-high hits came a season-high 13 runners left on base. NC State jumped out to an early 6-0 lead in the first two innings, but Virginia gradually made a dent in the lead when sophomore catcher Olivia Gott hit her sixth home run of the season in the fifth inning, making the score 8-3. Later in the seventh inning, Davis — who went four-for-five for the day — drove in two runs with her

second double of the game. Senior center-fielder Iyana Hughes brought in the Cavaliers’ sixth run with a double. However, that was the last run Virginia could produce in the comeback effort. With the series already captured by NC State, the Wolfpack completed the sweep in the final game between the two teams, beating the Cavaliers 9-1. NC State had the early lead — getting three runs in the first inning — and was able to hold on to it for the entire game. The Cavaliers come back to Charlottesville for a double-header against Towson Tuesday, and then will host Florida State — who currently sits atop the ACC standings — over the weekend. — compiled by Emma D’Arpino

LAUREN HORNSBY | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Junior outfielder Allison Davis went 2-3 with a triple in Virginia’s 10-3 loss to NC State.


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017 COMMENT OF THE DAY “Winesett makes a lot more sense than Adames does. The Lawn should be a prize awarded to the best students based on merit. It should not be a mirror with diversity quotas to make us feel good about ourselves.” “Shaniqua” in response to Matt Winesett’s March 17 column: “Lawn rooms should be a reward, not a mirror”

LEAD EDITORIAL

Trump’s budget threatens quality education for all The administration’s proposed cuts would adversely affect disadvantaged students

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he Trump administration recently released its budget for the upcoming fiscal year. The budget outlines $200 million in cuts for educational aid programs which support the progress of low-income, first-generation and disabled students. The implementation of these cuts would adversely affect public school students both locally and across the nation. The budget blueprint includes a $9-billion cut for the U.S. Department of Education overall as well as a 32 percent reduction to the grant program “Gear Up,” which provides up to seven years of support for tutoring, mentoring, scholarships and other services to low-income students and families. The program

follows students from middle-school through high-school graduation and, sometimes, into their first year of college. Program counselors improve the chances of a student even attending college, primarily by making parents understand the benefits of college and how to apply for financial aid. Programs like this one have consistently shown results in the past. In 2014, approximately 77 percent of “Gear Up” participants enrolled in a postsecondary institution after high school, compared with 45.5 percent of low-income students overall. The budget also presents cuts in Federal Work-Study and the Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, a grant for low-income

students which would be completely eliminated. Moreover, funding for work-study would be cut significantly. A variety of job-training programs for seniors and disadvantaged youth are also threatened by the budget’s approval. The proposed cuts are concerning, especially at a time when growing numbers of college students can’t afford food or housing. Cutting programs which support America’s future workforce is inconsistent with the president’s commitment to creating jobs. If we have growing numbers of students with outof-classroom needs and we want an educated workforce, the Trump administration should support these programs, not cut them.

THE CAVALIER DAILY THE CAVALIER DAILY The Cavalier Daily is a financially and editorially independent news organization staffed and managed entirely by students of the University of Virginia. The opinions expressed in The Cavalier Daily are not necessarily those of the students, faculty, staff or administration of the University of Virginia. Unsigned editorials represent the majority opinion of the editorial board. Cartoons and columns represent the views of the authors. The managing board of The Cavalier Daily has sole authority over and responsibility for all content. No part of The Cavalier Daily or The Cavalier Daily online edition may be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, without the written consent of the editor-in-chief. The Cavalier Daily is published Mondays and Thursdays in print and daily online at cavalierdaily.com. It is printed on at least 40 percent recycled paper. 2017 The Cavalier Daily Inc.

HAVE AN OPINION? The Cavalier Daily welcomes letters to the editor and guest columns. Writers must provide full name, telephone number and University affiliation, if appropriate. Letters should not exceed 250 words in length and columns should not exceed 700. The Cavalier Daily does not guarantee publication of submissions and may edit all material for content and grammar. Submit to opinion@cavalierdaily.com or P.O. Box 400703, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4703

FOLLOW US @CAVALIERDAILY WWW.CAVALIERDAILY.COM

MANAGING BOARD Editor-in-Chief Mike Reingold Managing Editor Tim Dodson Executive Editor Carlos Lopez Operations Manager Danielle Dacanay Chief Financial Officer Grant Parker EDITORIAL BOARD Jordan Brooks Jake Lichtenstein Carlos Lopez Mike Reingold Noah Zeidman JUNIOR BOARD Assistant Managing Editors Lillian Gaertner Ben Tobin (SA) Evan Davis (SA) Colette Marcellin (SA) Trent Lefkowitz (SA) Alix Nguyen (SA) Grant Oken

News Editors Anna Higgins Hailey Ross (SA) Alexis Gravely Sports Editors Mariel Messier Rahul Shah (SA) Alec Dougherty (SA) Jake Blank Opinion Editors Brendan Novak Lucy Siegel (SA) Carly Mulvihill Humor Editor Brennan Lee Cartoon Editor Miriam Du Plessis Focus Editor Hannah Hall (SA) Ankita Satpathy Life Editors Julie Bond Gracie Kreth Arts & Entertainment Editors Dan Goff Ben Hitchcock (SA) Sam Henson (SA) Darby Delaney (SA) Thomas Roades Health & Science Editors Jessica Chandrasekhar Kate Lewis

Production Editors Sean Cassar Disha Jain Victoria Giron (SA) Rupa Nallamothu (SA) Mark Felice Graphics Editors Sean Cassar Lucas Halse Amber Liu Photography Editors Richard Dizon Hannah Mussi (SA) Anna Hoover Video Editors Rebecca Malaret Sinta Taylor (SA) Avi Pandey Engineer Manager Leo Dominguez Social Media Managers Ashley Botkin Shaelea Carroll Business Manager Kelly Mays Marketing & Business Managers Nate Bolon Carlos Lopez

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THE CAVALIER DAILY

OPINION • www.cavalierdaily.com

TYPOS IN ARTICLES DETRACT FROM PROFESSIONALISM By leaving conspicuous errors uncorrected, The Cavalier Daily undermines its own professional image

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rammatical errors and typos have become increasingly present in The Cavalier Daily. Mistakes are understandable and sometimes corrections are necessary. Large, professional newspapers such as The Washington Post and The New York Times print corrections to articles, although they do so sparingly. Last week The Cavalier Daily mislabeled a photo of Student Council President, Sarah Kenny. The caption of the photo described her as a Batten student when she is actually a student in the College. This error was handled appropriately and corrected shortly thereafter. If this incident occurred in isolation there would be little reason to comment. However,

there have been multiple instances of grammatical errors and blatant typos that heavily detract from the substance of Cavalier Daily articles. In ad-

the “Report a Barrier Tool” and the word “Barrier” was misspelled. This error has remained online for about two weeks. The sub-heading on another arti-

Readers should be able to get through an article without having to pause to re-read a confusing sentence or get distracted by a misspelled word. dition, many of these mistakes have gone seemingly unnoticed and uncorrected by staff members. A recent article about accessibility on Grounds mentions

cle reads “Current U.S. policy could make Russia to give back Crimea, but not without consequences.” Grammatically, this sentence is incorrect. It is also a

generally confusing statement. These types of mistakes have become more common and make it difficult to take the writing seriously. Presentation and credibility matter to readers, and errors such as these do little to inspire confidence in The Cavalier Daily. Editors and authors have a responsibility to carefully consider the way they are presenting their work and take the time to comb through drafts of articles before they go to print. A large number of people, including alumni and community members read Cavalier Daily articles and they do notice these mistakes. Errors often stick out like a sore thumb and it is important to prevent them whenever possible.

Readers should be able to get through an article without having to pause to re-read a confusing sentence or get distracted by a misspelled word. The recent mistakes are unfortunate and should be addressed seriously by staff. While typos and grammatical errors may seem like minute details, they matter greatly because they can serve as a signal of low quality to readers.

JACQUELYN KATUIN is the Public Editor for The Cavalier Daily. She can be reached at publiceditor@cavalierdaily.com or on Twitter at @CDPublicEditor.

ECHOLS PROGRAM DEFEATS PURPOSE OF LIBERAL ARTS

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Exempting Echols scholars from area requirements undermines College, deprives Echols scholars of valuable skill sets

homas Jefferson greatly valued the liberal arts. Students in the College face the remnants of this reality throughout their time at the University as they labor their way through hours of online French homework at three in the morning or trudge up Rugby Road to fulfill the fine arts requirement. Earning credits in area requirements is no easy feat, a reality fellow College students will attest to, but they do it in the name of achieving a well-rounded liberal arts education. These requirements are typically accepted by members of the College for their essential role in an individual’s growth as a thinker and an intellectual. However, the alleged utility of these mandated classes is undermined by Echols scholars’ lack of area requirements, which defeats the purpose of a liberal arts education. Along with priority registration for classes and advising resources, exemption for area requirements is among the stated benefits of the Echols Scholars

Program. These requirements include social sciences, humanities, historical studies, natural sciences and mathematics, non-western perspectives and a foreign language. To justify the scholars’ freedom from these classes, the site explains the program enables them “to take specialized higher-level classes from the outset of their matriculation.” By claiming the early enrollment into higher-level classes as a benefit, the program consequently devalues lower-level area requirements demanded of other College students. The specificity of the program also directly conflicts with what the College of Arts & Sciences endorses in an ideal liberal arts education: “A good liberal arts education thus demands not only rigor and depth, but also sufficient breadth to expose students to a wide range of subjects and methods of studying them.” The College artificially defends the importance of a well-rounded liberal arts

education, while simultaneously providing exemptions to students it deems worthy. However, Echols scholars are ultimately the real victims of their narrowed exposure to different aspects of the College. The breadth of a liberal education serves undeclared students and students with knowledge of career path alike. For undeclared students, the College provides an environment to cultivate one’s passions and discover

from several angles. By enabling specificity, the Echols Scholars Program deprives students of the asset of broadness, molding them into academics rather than future employees. The abstract skills gained from a comprehensive liberal arts education translate into tangible job opportunities for degree-earners. A study carried out by the Association of American Colleges and Universities suggests that, although work-

Exempting Echols scholars from area requirements undermines the College and deprives Echols scholars of valuable skill sets. new interests. For both groups, the liberal arts supplies an invaluable toolset with which to approach the world. Employers actively seek graduates with the ability to tackle a variety of tasks

ers with a liberal arts education typically make less than workers with pre-professional and professional degrees immediately following graduation, they actually make $2,000 more annually

during their peak earning years. This upward mobility in the job market is the result of critical thinking skills that enable liberal arts graduates to pursue a broad range of potential careers. The Echols Scholars Program exemption from area requirements and the College’s stated emphasis on a full liberal arts education are in direct competition. The privilege of Echols scholars to bypass area requirements portrays the requirements as an obstacle to other members of the College, rather than an essential part of a dynamic and versatile education. Additionally, narrowing the scope of the Echols scholars’ base of education actually hurts their ability to gain a valuable skillset for future employment.

CHARLOTTE LAWSON is a viewpoint writer for The Cavalier Daily. She can be reached at opinion@cavalierdaily.com.

Want to respond? Submit a letter to the editor to opinion@cavalierdaily.com


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

www.cavalierdaily.com • OPINION

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CLIMATE RESEARCH MUST CONTINUE IN FACE OF OPPOSITION Despite denial of climate change by federal officials, it is critical to protect funding for research

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fficials climate President Donald Trump has never been shy about his views on the legitimacy of climate change, labeling it a fraud and an invention by the Chinese. Now that he’s firmly planted in the White House, it’s clear not only have his views remained unchanged, but he is intent on applying them toward budgetary decisions. His budget planning has revealed his intent to cut huge sums from agencies at the forefront of climate change research, a move which will have dangerous consequences. To help soften the blow, the University community and colleges nationwide must be prepared to take the burden of climate research. The first target for budgetary trimming is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which is facing cuts between 17 and 26 percent. The Environmental Protection Agency’s research office is facing an even more serious crisis — sources indicate its Office of Research and Development could have its budget slashed by more than 40 percent. Both of these organizations

are key players in climate change research. Though the battle over this budget will happen on Capitol Hill, the University community can and should act now to make sure its research projects are protected. These cuts will have effects which radiate far beyond the agencies them-

mation isn’t just used in the United States, as professor Piers Forster of Leeds University notes, the international science community “urgently needs these data sets to monitor and understand climate change.” Even if climate change is discounted as a hoax, these agencies still

The University administration as well as the Virginia General Assembly should be ready to support researchers should they lose federal backing. selves. Already both the NOAA and the EPA provide grants which support thousands of research projects at universities. Most troubling is the news that the NOAA’s satellite division may face a significant drop in funding, a critical issue given that these satellites are the source of data needed to draw conclusions about changes in the climate. This infor-

have critical roles in American society. Chris McEntee of the American Geophysical Union pointed out that a large portion of the American economy makes heavy use of the weather, climate and natural hazard data provided by these federal organizations. The agriculture, real estate and energy industries rely on NOAA satellite information about storm warnings

and basic weather preparation. For the United States to maintain its supremacy in these fields of research, state governments and universities will have to step in to shoulder the financial responsibilities. The University already plays an important role in climate change research, a role which must be protected from the likely evaporation of federal dollars. For example, Commerce Prof. Thomas Bateman conducts research on the leadership and behavior necessary to confront longterm problems like climate change. Environmental Science Prof. James Galloway, an expert on nitrogen cycles at the University, has encouraged further research on the relationship between animal products and sources of greenhouse gases. A pair of Ph.D. candidates have even begun a project examining the language used when discussing climate change. The University administration as well as the Virginia General Assembly should be ready to support researchers should they lose federal backing. Harvard University set a fantastic example when it announced

its plans to pour $1 million into climate change research. Medical School Prof. Dean Kedes laid out the consequences of suppressing science, pointing out that actions which strike at scientific principles also strike at innovation and the economy. Luckily, the Board of Visitors is aware of the importance of this issue and fast-tracked a budget proposal which includes a $64 million increase in research funding. The Virginia General Assembly has also approved a budget for the 2016-18 biennium which increases funding for research initiatives and infrastructure projects. While it’s clear we are headed in the right direction, an uncertain future means we have to stay vigilant and ensure research continues to confront the problems which we face.

ALEX MINK is an Opinion columnist for the Cavalier Daily. He can be reached at opinion@cavalierdaily.com.

GIVE SAUDI WOMEN A SEAT AT THE TABLE

Progress toward gender equality in Saudi Arabia is impossible without involving women in the process

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audi Arabian leaders made headlines last week when they launched the nation’s first Girls Council in Qassim province. The Council is meant to, “open up more and more opportunities that will serve the work of women and girls,” according to Prince Faisal bin Mishaal bin Saud, the governor of Qassim province. When photos of the event were released, Internet users were quick to point out that the photo of the launch of the Qassim Girls Council contained no girls or women. At an event which was supposed to support growing opportunities for women, the female leadership of the committee was noticeably absent. They were in another room, viewing the ceremony via video to maintain strict compliance with Saudi Arabia’s law that unmarried men and women cannot be in a room together. The lack of female presence at the event, as well as the compliance with the nation’s strict gender segregation laws shows the committee will likely make little difference in the lives of Saudi Arabian women without making changes to the nation’s oppressive legal system.

The well-intentioned goals of this Council will likely never be carried out under the current legal system. The national government’s goal is to increase the amount of female participants in the Saudi economy from

it will be difficult to significantly increase the entrance of women in the workforce. The change would require not only female interest in breaking traditional gender roles in the country, but also support by male relatives.

While the Qassim Girls Council is an admirable idea, its success is dependent on the loosening of Saudi Arabian law.

22 percent to 30 percent by 2030. The Council hopes to get more women to enter the workforce as well. This goal will be difficult to achieve, however, with the nation’s guardianship system still in place. The guardianship system often requires women to gain the permission of male relatives before seeking employment. Though the system has been modified in recent years, many companies still require prospective female employees to follow this mandate. Under this system,

Additionally, the segregation between men and women make it difficult for the Council to be legislatively effective. The Council has the advantage of being run by Princess Abir bint Salman, wife of Qassim province’s governor, but women still have few roles in governmental decisions. As a result, the power of the committee will always be limited. The public presentation of the Council, in which the men and women are separated, demonstrates the Coun-

cil’s future. Productivity in a working environment is significantly affected in a positive manner by increased collaboration between group members and gender segregation laws would minimize the ability for men and women to meet in an open, collaborative manner. The only desegregated cooperation on the Council which would be legally permitted is that between married pairs. Single women would have little voice on the Council because they could not communicate with their male counterparts. The success of the Council’s goal to increase the percentage of women in the workforce could also be hindered by transportation issues. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world where women are legally prohibited from driving. They must rely on the assistance of male family members to get where they need to go. This could be harmful for women looking to enter the job market because they must be entirely reliant on outside forces to get to their place of employment. Even if the Council can convince employers in Qassim province to hire women, the success will

be limited if women can’t get to work. While the Qassim Girls Council is an admirable idea, its success is dependent on the loosening of Saudi Arabian law. The Council appears to be an important step in gaining more gender equality in a country where women can rarely seek employment without the permission of a male family member, but the initial presentation of the Council showed that it will make little change. The male and female members of the group remained segregated, with the women in a separate room away from media attention. This societal division will only hinder the productivity of the Council and, until women gain the same legal protections as their male counterparts, change will be hard to come by.

CARLY MULVIHILL is the Senior Associate Opinion Editor for The Cavalier Daily. She can be reached at c.mulvihill@cavalierdaily.com.


THE CAVALIER DAILY

H HUMOR I

f you’re wondering, I still don’t have a job. I’m not sure if it’s because of the economy or workplace discrimination against very good-looking people or the fact that I haven’t applied to anything, but here we are. Faced with the threat of unemployment, I developed a plan. I was watching old episodes of “30 Rock” when it occurred to me that the show’s star and creator, Tina Fey, probably does not have much trouble getting jobs. You know who wants to hire Tina Fey? Everyone. You know who wants to hire me? Not T.G.I Friday’s, that’s for sure. I realized if I wanted people to hire me, all I had to do was be the sort of person everyone wants to hire. I had to pretend to be Tina Fey. To be clear, identity theft is no joke. Not to brag, but I get my credit card stolen like all the time, so I know what’s up. But I

C CARTOON

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WHY I NEED TINA FEY’S PHONE NUMBER like to think Tina would be happy to help out a friend. Technically, you might not say we’re friends, as we have never met, but we do have a lot in common. We are both brunettes, both humans and both Wahoos. Not to mention I ate a piece of pizza yesterday, and I am guessing Tina Fey has eaten pizza at some point in her life, possibly even yesterday. Our uncanny likeness is a cold, hard fact, not some shaky theory you can poke holes in, like evolution or global warming. And so I got to work assuming Tina Fey’s identity. It was pretty easy. Whenever I picked up the phone or entered a room, I declared, “Hello, I am Tina Fey, the actual person.” If you’re wondering how I thought of this trick and how you, too, can come up with such clever ruses, the answer is I’m very smart and you’re probably not. I took things a step further to be prepared in case anyone got suspicious. I reread Tina’s book, “Bossypants,” and memorized key information. Thank goodness for this forethought, because just a few days later I pulled up to the Taco Bell drive-through and announced, “It is I, Tina

Fey, here for my order of however many tacos you currently have the supplies to make.” The drive-through worker looked at me. “You’re not Tina Fey,” he said. “Oh, but I am!” I assured him, but he was not convinced, so I swooped in with my vast Tina Fey knowledge. “You’re being rude,” I said. “Rest assured my best friend Amy Poehler, who I know in real life, will be hearing about this! And I don’t think my husband Jeff Richmond will be too happy either! We have been married since 2001!” He sighed and handed me my 76 tacos, a reward for a job well done. The plan was going great. I mean, I still didn’t have a job, but otherwise it rocked. But all good things must come to an end. Soon came the fateful day of Jelly Belly’s All You Can Eat Sweepstakes. It was a phone contest to win a lifetime supply of jelly beans. I don’t actually like jelly beans but I do like winning, not to mention this was my favorite kind of competition — one that requires no skill whatsoever. All you had to do was be the 100th caller to the Jelly Belly hotline. I grabbed my

phone and began calling. Finally, it happened: “Congratulations, you are our 100th caller!” the man on the other end said. I was over the moon. But then he spoke again: “I’ll just need your name and address and we’ll get you set up with your prize.” I froze. What could I do? After a lifetime of never winning anything, I needed these jelly beans. They were a symbol of something greater. But I had been sticking to this “Pretend I’m Tina Fey” plan for awhile, and the first rule was to stay in character. I knew I had to commit. “My name is Tina Fey,” I said before giving him the address that popped up when I googled, “What is Tina Fey’s address?” The thing is, I still really need those jelly beans. I figure if I call Tina and explain my predicament, she will be like, “Of course I can send you the lifetime supply of jelly beans you rightfully earned! And I’m definitely cool with the fact that you’ve been using my name! Let’s be best friends for life and also I’d like to offer you a job.” Plus, I figure once she knows about my little ruse, we could

team up. Like if there is ever a dinner party or something that she doesn’t want to go to, I’ll put my skills of deception to work and go in her place. If they have spent a lot of time around her, the people at the party may say something like, “Tina, you look shorter and less accomplished today.” “Yes,” I will say. “It is a new moisturizer I am trying out.” They’ll never know that in fact, the real Tina Fey is at home eating the jelly beans I have graciously shared with her. As long as she doesn’t eat them all. Because I mean I won them, not her. So it would be really uncool if she ate too many of them. But she can have some. Like 20 percent. I’m flexible. Anyway, if you have Tina Fey’s phone number, please hook me up.

NORA WALLS is a Humor columnist for The Cavalier Daily. She can be reached at humor@ cavalierdaily.com

Exams: The second wave MIRIAM DU PLESSIS | CARTOON EDITOR


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

WEEKLY CROSSWORD SAM EZERSKY | PUZZLE MASTER The Cavalier Daily Crossword Puzzle by Sam Ezersky, Class of 2017

ACROSS

EVENTS

Monday 3/20 The Roosevelt Society Presents: Innocent on Death Row, 8-9pm, Clark 107 Stud Co Presents: Meet Your Neighbors Refugee Dialogue Series, 7-8pm, U.Va. Stud Co Virginia Law Admissions Panel, 6:30-8pm, Newcomb Theater Peace Corps Info Session, 2-3pm, Monroe 134 Tuesday 3/21 Softball vs. Townson, 4pm, The Park Baseball vs. Townson, 4pm, Davenport Field SHHO & U.Va. Dining Present: Grounds on Grounds, 5:30-7pm, 1515 Second and Third Year Dinner, 6-7:15pm, Center for Christian Study Lunchtime Talk: Imagining Antiquity, 12-1pm, Fralin Museum of Art Virginia Riding Benefit at Fig, 5:30-9pm, Fig Bistro Wednesday 3/22 Baseball vs. Townson, 4pm, Davenport Field Graduate Arts & Sciences Stud Co Presents: Women’s Lunch Panel, 11am-12:30pm, Newcomb Hall

1. Sausage servings 6. Ancient Egypt's King ___ 9. Vessel that holds dye 12. Stand by for 13. An A-list celebrity may have a large one 14. Big news on Wall St. 15. Easter hunt discovery at a Corner bar?: 2 wds. 17. Brown who wrote "The Da Vinci Code" 18. Mania surrounding a Corner bar? 20. "___ Believer" (song from "Shrek"): 2 wds. 23. Very, in texts 24. ___ and aahs 25. Boxer Pacquiao 27. Silly plaything? 29. Opening segment of a play: 2 wds. 30. Wreckage 32. Meat entree served at a Corner bar?: 2 wds. 37. "Old MacDonald had a farm" follower 38. Dance party scene 39. Muslim holy war 41. Big brawl...or an alternative to "Super Smash Bros: Brawl" 42. Colorful Hindu spring festival 43. Nonspecific amount 45. Psychic's skill, in brief 46. Possible headline about an immortalized Corner bar?: 3 wds. 50. Some switch positions 51. Positioned atop a Corner bar?: 3 wds. 55. "Oh, golly!" 56. Nat ___ (History Channel alternative, familiarly) 57. Queue before Q 58. Poem with lyrical lines 59. Gives the green light 60. Orange Crush competitor

DOWN

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1. Science class component, often 2. ___ Jima 3. Yea's opposite 4. Bagpiper's skirt

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36

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54

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32

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49 52

© March 20, 2017

5. Van Gogh's "The ___ Night" 6. Itsy-bitsy 7. Trendy Australian boots 8. Stereotypical theme party attire 9. One glued to the TV, in slang 10. Reason for a low voter turnout 11. Awards won by "Hamilton" 16. Nothing, in soccer scores 19. "Dunno": 2 wds. 20. Classic Apple computer 21. Physicist for whom a speed-of-sound ratio is named 22. Prefix that's also a 2016 Rihanna album 26. Double compliment?: 2 wds. 27. ___ de gallo 28. Game with Skip and Reverse cards 30. Woodwind instrument need

31. Athlete's gameday wear, casually 33. Maker of Soul and Rio cars 34. Colorless 35. Days before big days 36. Bleed (through) 39. Became a member 40. "It's a maybe for me": 2 wds. 41. Me, ___, and I 42. Streaming service for watching "Game of Thrones": 2 wds. 43. Some female voices 44. "I'm aight but thanks" 47. Not for here: Hyph. 48. Length of a children's fun run, informally: 2 wds. 49. Rating for adult-themed shows: Hyph. 52. The College ___ 53. Go bad 54. 0.1 is an awful one: Abbr.

*THE SOLUTION TO THIS PUZZLE CAN BE FOUND IN THURSDAY’S ISSUE

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THE CAVALIER DAILY

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3D cultures offer fresh perspective on cells Professor studies cell dynamics, disease with 3D cell cultures XIAOYING LI | STAFF WRITER A 3D cell culture is an artificial environment that researchers use to analyze how cells interact with their surrounding environments in three dimensions. Traditionally, biologists use petri dishes — a glass or plastic dish — to study cell features in two dimensions. “We are trying to create an environment that’s mechanically more similar to tissue,” Caliari said. 3D culture systems also allow researchers to analyze physiological movement inside the body and mechanical stress on the cell, which 2D systems fail to achieve because they do not display cells’ relationships to their surroundings. 3D culture systems also pave the way for the development of in-vitro systems — biological 3D models outside the subjects’ natural biological environment — and help researchers understand organ function and disease progression. Caliari started his new research group at the University last August. “We are really interested in designing, characterizing and fabricating new types of biomaterial and

COURTESY PROFESSOR STEVEN CALIARI

Caliari’s work with 3D cultures has a variety of applications, from biochemistry to health.

using them to understand structural cues in regulating various cell behavior ... Like what are the factors that are important in regulating stem cell differentiation, for example,” Caliari

said. Engineering graduate student Erica Hui works in the Caliari lab with a focus on developing dynamic hydrogels for analyzing progression of liver

fibrosis and cancer. Hui explained that tissue fibrosis is a scarring disease formation process that can jeopardize major organ systems. Caliari and Hui found that thick-

ness and degradability of the hydrogel are two parameters of 3D cell culture systems that affect spreading of cells. The thicker the material, the harder it is for cells to spread — however, if the hydrogel matrix is made of degradable material, the cell could spread regardless of thickness of the substrate. “By developing more accurate test systems to model the progression of liver fibrosis, this could improve our understanding of the regulation of diseases and identify areas for therapies,” Hui said in an email to The Cavalier Daily. Regarding the future of 3D culture systems, Caliari said researchers need to be cognizant of what questions are asked in their research and what corresponding culture systems — whether 3D or 2D — should be used. He also said there are a number of directions researchers can go with 3D culture systems, depending on how they assemble materials and cells. “We are really interested in developing a new platform technology to address human health challenges,” Caliari said.

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President’s Speaker Series for the Arts presents

Bryan Cranston Sunday, March 26, 2017 John Paul Jones Arena 2:00 pm • FREE Tickets available at the UVA Arts Box Office, John Paul Jones Arena & Ticketmaster.com

arts.virginia.edu/cranston


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

www.cavalierdaily.com • HEALTH & SCIENCE

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Women in STEM featured on Grounds Public exhibit highlights history of University women DIVYA VISWANATHAN | SENIOR WRITER U.Va. CHARGE — a University program that seeks to advance women in STEM — recently set up an exhibit in both the Chemistry Building and Clark Hall, highlighting the history, challenges and successes of women at the University. Carol Mershon, Politics Prof. and Interim Program Director, says the idea for the display stemmed from interviews conducted for the Voices and Visibility project — a campaign created to understand the stories of University women. Mershon says that after conducting interviews with women faculty engineers, scientists and social scientists, the group wanted to share the inspiring words of their colleagues with all members of the University. The exhibit in Clark Hall features a timeline documenting the status of women and their rights at the University. At one point the Honor Code was used to exclude women from enrolling, arguing that only white males possessed honor. “Women have no honor, only deception,” a male University student said in 1967 from the exhibit. “They would undermine the honor system.” Along with the timeline, the exhibit provides quotes from some of

the University’s first female students, underscoring their feelings of inferiority. “Something that really shocks me about this timeline is that the 1970s weren’t too long ago, and that’s when women were given the ability to openly enroll here,” third-year College student Jay Patel said. “It really shows you that gender equality is a fairly new concept, even in America.” More recent cases of gender discrimination are also depicted on the display, such as a recent remark by Tim Hunt, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. At a conference in 2015, Hunt implied that women working in labs are distracting and respond emotionally when criticized. The display shares pictures of women scientists replying to his claim with humorous images and sarcastic captions along with the hashtag “#distractinglysexy.” The exhibit also highlights the story of platform engineer Isis Wenger, who in 2015 received demeaning comments from men who insisted that she was “too pretty” to be an engineer. “An exhibition like this is very important, because it informs and reminds us that even though society, including [the University], has

made some progress towards gender equality in education, we still have a long way to go because the issue of gender inequality still exists today,” third-year College student Sophia Ryuh said. The other half of the physical exhibit in the Chemistry Building highlights female staff from the University, including Electrical and Computer Engineering Prof. Malathi Veeraraghavan. Mershon hopes the displays shed light on sexism as an ongoing battle and how the University accommodates many honorable women who participate in STEM fields. “First, I hope that [viewers of the exhibit] reflect on the experiences of the women faculty in the exhibit,” Mershon said in an email to The Cavalier Daily. “This may seem like quite a simple message, but it is not. It can be challenging and difficult to pay attention to — to listen to — the voices of people who are unlike you and who have experiences unlike yours.” Mershon also said many University STEM departments hold women’s caucuses and have mentorship programs to help connect faculty and undergraduate females. The University also started a new pro-

gram called Directors of Diversity and Inclusion to bring faculty from the College together to help promote diversity and inclusivity for all races and genders. “I hope that students and faculty visiting the exhibit recognize the important contributions to [the University] made by women nat-

ural scientists, social scientists and engineers,” Mershon said. “I hope that visitors to the exhibit recognize and reflect on what and how much it takes for women to succeed in a male-dominated environment that can be biased toward women and other members of underrepresented groups.”

XIAOQI LI | THE CAVALIER DAILY

U.Va. Charge features women in STEM in an exhibit in Clark Hall.

Community health improvement plan released Collaborative effort identifies priorities, looks to take action SARAH YANG | SENIOR WRITER The Jefferson Health District Community Health Improvement Plan was released March 8. Organized by the MAPP2Health Leadership Council through the Virginia Department of Health, the plan identifies four priority areas for improvement in the next three years — promoting healthy eating and active living, addressing mental health and substance use, improving health disparities and access to care and fostering a healthy and connected community. The plan was created using the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships model developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Association of City and County Health Officials. The model fosters collaboration between community stakeholders — including local leaders, hospitals and coalitions — to identify the most pressing health issues to be addressed. Denise Bonds, District Director of the Thomas Jefferson Health District and Assoc. Prof. of Public

Health Sciences, described the plan as a joint effort between agencies, the community, the health department and the two hospitals in the district — the Sentara Martha Jefferson Hospital and the University Medical Center. Bonds played a central administrative role in the creation of the plan. “I’m the health director for the district, so my staff members served on that core group,” Bonds said. “My role was to make sure we have staff — that development has a plan. We also will help with our other core members to run the annual reporters and provide the data.” Bonds highlighted the University’s role in the Jefferson Health District, which includes the City of Charlottesville and Albemarle, Fluvanna, Greene, Louisa and Nelson counties. “[The plan] belongs to everyone in our community,” Bonds said. “[University] students can join one of our coalitions, work on strategies to foster a health and connected

community… [For example, University] students could help agencies by talking to high school students in our area about what a healthy relationship looks like.” Peggy Whitehead, Executive Director of Blue Ridge Medical Center in Nelson County, said the improvement plan was in line with the medical center’s goals. “I had a pretty intense interest in the outcome of the whole study, because Blue Ridge Medical Center is required to do a health needs assessment every three years,” Whitehead said. “When I get ready to do my submission in the coming August for our service area competition grant, I’ll be able to use the information that has been gathered.” The information used to identify the four community priorities comes from a variety of sources, including online Center for Disease Control material, census information and hospital admissions data. “There’s so many subjects that for months we were looking at data … And figuring out what we were

most concerned about — so we can really take a deep dive into it — and discussing it with each of our perspectives as providers of health and human services,” Whitehead said. The next step will be implementing the plan. Whitehead said they will discuss potential responses to the plan at a meeting scheduled for March 20. The health department would like to see each of the four initiatives … Have a champion, and so we need people from various agencies, whichever seems most appropriate, to champion progress and various steps that we might want to take to address the issues that have been identified,” Whitehead said. The 2017 plan is the third plan created, with the most recent one released in 2012. Assoc. Prof. of Family Medicine M. Norman Oliver has been a part of all three plans. “I participated with a number of individuals representing organizations in Charlottesville in helping to develop the four main strategic goals … And I’m really excited about this

one because one of the goals is access to care and reducing health disparities across racial, ethnic and geographic categories,” Oliver said. Oliver described the plan as a reflection of the concerns of the community. “I think it underscores the fact that the only way you can really develop plans that are meaningful for communities is to have this interior sectoral collaboration from many different stakeholders,” Oliver said. “That certainly was the case for this, and now we have the job of actually implementing it, and that will take the same kind of partnership.” While the Thomas Jefferson Health District is not alone in forming community-based health improvement plans, Oliver believes it does so exceptionally well. “I believe what we are doing here is an example that’s going to be hopefully replicated in many health districts across the state,” Oliver said. “[And] it’s not just here in Virginia, but places all around the country.”


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THE CAVALIER DAILY

HEALTH & SCIENCE • www.cavalierdaily.com

New health care bill faces concerns from Virginia hospitals Statement released by the VHHA discusses potential issues ANUGYA MITTAL | STAFF WRITER The Virginia Hospital & Healthcare Association recently released a statement directed towards members of Congress regarding the proposed American Health Care Act currently under review in the House of Representatives. The statement addresses not only grievances but also commends some of the proposals in the bill. VHHA Vice President of Communications Julian Walker said there are some positive aspects of the act. According to Walker, the VHHA appreciates the proposal to simultaneously repeal the current Affordable Care Act — or Obamacare — and implement the new AHCA. Furthermore, the AHCA retains the popular provision allowing children to remain under their parents’ insurance coverage until the age of 26.

There are, however, several issues with the proposed health care plan. Carolyn Engelhard, director of the health policy program in the School of Medicine’s Department of Public Health Sciences, said 24 million people are projected to lose health insurance over the next 10 years with the new bill. “If millions of people lose health insurance, I think we can assume that they would not have access to as high quality of care as they would if they had health insurance,” Engelhard said. The major differences between the ACA and the proposed AHCA lie in the handling of Medicaid as well as tax return credits. Currently, the federal government hasn’t set any limits on the amount of Medicaid funding they will give states. However, the

AHCA is trying to implement per capita allotted Medicaid funds based on 2016 spending by individual states. The use of 2016 Medicaid federal funding as a baseline limits the amount of federal funding states will receive. Under the ACA, states were given the option to expand their Medicaid programs, and 31 states — referred to as expansion states — did so and received $72 billion of additional funding. Virginia — a non-expansion state — will only receive about $87-88 million a year for the next five years. If Virginia had expanded its Medicaid program, however, it would have received about $3 billion additional funding annually. “So because the American Health Care Act — at least in the short term — continues that en-

hanced level of federal funding for Medicaid expansion states — which Virginia is not — there’s also some concern for funding equity in that regard as well,” Walker said. Another key difference between the ACA and the AHCA is the use of subsidies. While the ACA allowed subsidies — money given by the government to lower the cost of insurance coverage — to be based on income and geography, the AHCA takes a tax credit approach. The subsidy under the ACA was given to help people buy insurance, while tax credits under the AHCA would take the form of a rebate received after filing taxes. While it is difficult to ascertain the exact effects of the AHCA on college students’ lives — as the bill is still being processed through committees — Engelhard said

changes regarding reproductive health are likely. The VHHA has both released a public statement and written letters to Virginia congressional members expressing problems with the AHCA as currently proposed. According to Walker, the implementation of the AHCA can have a significant impact on all of society. “There are several concerns that we have about the potential impact [of the AHCA] on health care access and our health care delivery system, and because we’re all consumers of healthcare — whether you’re a college student, a middle-aged adult, a young child or a senior citizen — any policy that changes the health care system is going to have impacts across the continuum of society from the youngest to the oldest,” Walker said.

Healthcare-associated infection threatens global health Candida auris on rise in hospitals, acute health centers JESSICA CHANDRASEKHAR | HEALTH AND SCIENCE EDITOR Healthcare-associated infections — including central line-, catheter-, ventilator- and surgical site-associated infections — occur most commonly in hospital intensive care units. In the past couple years, healthcare facilities have noted a rise in the yeast Candida auris, which can take to the bloodstream and cause

invasive candidiasis — a serious infection affecting multiple organ systems, the bloodstream and wounds. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, C. auris often demonstrates multidrug resistance against the major classes of antifungal drugs, making it a global health concern.

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CANDIDA AURIS CASES IN THE UNITED STATES

13

1

1

MARYLAND

MASSACHUSETTS

4

ILLINOIS

NEW JERSEY

NEW YORK

Data obtained from Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention XARA DAVIES AND AMBER LIU | THE CAVALIER DAILY

Candida auris infections are a national and global health concern.

Using retrospective review, the CDC website cites the first appearance of the yeast as dating back to 1996 in South Korea, with the first known case specifically identifying C. auris occurring about 13 years later in Japan in 2009. Since then, cases have been reported in countries as diverse as Spain, Kenya, India and Canada. Based on the differences identified between DNA fingerprints of specimens collected from several regions, the CDC found C. auris emerged in multiple locations nearly simultaneously. Dr. Tom Chiller, chief of the CDC Mycotic Diseases Branch, identifies the emerging pathogen as a “serious global health threat.” “Healthcare facilities in several countries have reported that C. auris has caused severe illness in hospitalized patients,” Chiller said in an email to The Cavalier Daily. “Some strains of Candida auris are resistant to all three major classes of antifungal drugs. This type of multidrug resistance has not been seen before in other species of Candida. This makes C. auris infections difficult to treat.” Between the period of May 2013 and February 2017, 53 cases of C. auris were isolated in the U.S. alone, with the majority identified in New York and New Jersey and nearly all taking place from April 2016 to February 2017. No cases have been identified in Virginia. “We are monitoring for it and, should a case arrive, we will follow

the appropriate protocols to prevent it from spreading,” Eric Swensen, public information officer with the University Health System, said in an email statement. “Infection control and prevention is a major focus point for every hospital. We have a wide variety of policies and protocols in place based on recommendations from CDC and other groups that will protect our patients and ensure they receive the safest care possible.” Clinicians may diagnose cases of C. auris infection using laboratory culture and analysis of body fluids, such as blood or urine. Identification of C. auris infection often proves especially difficult, due to confusion with other types of Candida. Specialized lab tests, such as nucleotide sequencing, may allow for specific diagnosis. Certain risk factors, such as extended time spent in the ICU or a central venous catheter placed in a large vein, increase an individual’s risk for infection, Chiller said. Generally, C. auris infections occur only following hospitalization for some other reason. Chiller suggests healthcare personnel exercise good sanitation and prevention techniques to minimize spread of the infection, such as regular hand washing. Andrea Alvarez, Sentara Martha Jefferson Hospital infection preventionist, echoed the importance of having precautionary practices in place. “If [Sentara Martha Jefferson

Hospital] were to have a patient with suspected or confirmed C. auris infection, we would use contact and standard precautions to care for the patient,” Alvarez said in an email to The Cavalier Daily. “This means that healthcare providers would wear a gown and gloves when entering the patient’s room to make sure that they do not contaminate their clothing or hands with microorganisms from the patient or the patient’s room.” Symptoms commonly associated with invasive candidiasis include fever and chills that do not respond to antibiotics, Chiller said. Most C. auris infections can be treated using antifungal drugs, but some patients exhibit strains resistant to these medications. According to the CDC website, treatment with multiple classes of these medications simultaneously and at relatively high doses sometimes proves successful. Beyond C. auris, the class of multidrug-resistant pathogens encountered in hospital and acute health environments includes many other organisms as well. “Every day, healthcare providers treat patients with different types of suspected or confirmed illnesses,” Alvarez said. “Clinicians and pharmacists work together to determine what antibiotics are available and appropriate to treat the patient’s infection. The prevention and control of multidrug-resistant organisms is truly a team approach.”


MONDAY, MARCH 20, 2017

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In conversation with Christina Baker Kline Alumna author discusses creative processes, Andrew Wyeth, resilient women DARBY DELANEY | SENIOR ASSOCIATE As one of the most recognizable paintings in American history, “Christina’s World” by Andrew Wyeth leaves much up to interpretation.

Who is the girl in the pale pink dress sprawled in a vast field, and why is she gazing longingly toward a barn in the distance? Author Christina Baker Kline

COURTESY CHRISTINA BAKER KLINE

Christina Baker Kline is one of the authors featured in the Virginia Festival of the Book.

addresses these questions and more in her latest novel, “A Piece of this World,” in which the real relationship between Wyeth and his frequent muse Christina Olson is dramatized. The novel is Kline’s follow up to her acclaimed “Orphan Train,” which spent over two years on the New York Times bestseller list — including five weeks at number one. In addition to her six novels, Kline has also written and edited several works of nonfiction, short stories and essays. Though her stunning body of work is diverse and distinct, Kline often illuminates the resiliency of the female spirit, the tribals and tribulations of childhood and the necessity of inspiration. The Cavalier Daily spoke to Kline in advance of her visit as honored guest during the Virginia Festival of the Book March 23, part of her national tour. The Cavalier Daily: Many of your works illuminate moments in history — specifically, “Orphan Train” and “A Piece of the World” take place in the first half of the 20th century. What draws you to this period? Christina Baker Kline: I was first drawn to this time period after discovering the history of orphan trains by chance — my mother-in-law’s father had been one of the children on the trains. The story stunned me, and I became hooked on researching

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[and] reading any nonfiction narratives I could find, talking to the remaining “train riders” and plunging the depths of the library and internet. After I finished “Orphan Train,” I wanted to linger in the early 20th century. I’d learned so much about it. I’m especially interested in the hardscrabble lives of people who don’t have much and the emotional tools they need to survive hard times. I’d always loved the painting “Christina’s World” by Andrew Wyeth — it takes place in Maine, which is where I grew up, and I also felt a connection because of the name. So, when a friend mentioned that it reminded her of me, I knew I had my next novel. CD: “A Piece of the World” explores the real, special bond between artist Andrew Wyeth and his muse, Christina Olson. Do you have any favorite explorations of artist-muse relationship — in literature or any other medium? CBK: In the beautifully observed novel “Girl with a Pearl Earring,” Tracy Chevalier imagines the life of the anonymous girl who posed for one of Vermeer’s best-known works. Griet — who has been farmed out as a maid to help support her family — is quiet and hardworking but also bright and inquisitive. Her interest in art catches the painter’s attention, and when he asks her to mix his paint and model for him, it alarms not only her pious family but his jealous wife. I appreciate that Chevalier clearly did her research, but it never threatened to overwhelm the story. CD: “A Piece of the World” uses elements from fiction and nonfiction, as you accurately depict the real-life story of Christina Olson while embellishing her personal life. What was the experience of writing in this flexible style? Did you feel a responsibility to render the story as factually as possible? CBK: I wanted the story to be as factually accurate as possible. It’s an internal, first-person narrative, and of course I’m not Christina Olson. I did my best to imagine what her life would’ve been like and how she made sense of the hardships she faced. As much as possible, I worked with the facts of the story according to biographers and journals and people’s memories. Christina’s niece, Jean Olson Brooks, wrote a lovely biography of her. Richard Meryman’s biography of Wyeth also has many stories about Christina. I know that most readers will only know the personal story of Christina Olson because I wrote it, so I wanted to render her life as accurately as I could. CD: What is most compelling about Wyeth’s works? What is the process for developing this inspiration into a novel? CBK: As a fairly new book called

“Rethinking Andrew Wyeth” (ed. David Cateforis) points out, Andrew Wyeth heightened the ordinary to reveal fundamental qualities of human existence. He cared deeply about his subjects, which I think comes through in his work. I studied and read about his work, as well as interviewed museum curators, Olson house tour guides and relatives as preparation for writing this novel. CD: Christina, the protagonist of “A Piece of the World,” devours the work of Emily Dickinson. What works of literature played essential roles during your adolescent years? CBK: When I was young, I was obsessed with stories about pioneer life like the Laura Ingalls Wilder books and “Caddie Woodlawn” by Carol Ryrie Brink. As a teen, I liked Emily Dickinson and Alice Walker, among others. CD: Much of your work has resilient, strong women at their centers. Who are some strong, resilient women that inspire you — in life and as a writer? CBK: My mother was an adventurer in many ways, literally and figuratively. I’m also lucky to have three strong sisters. And then there are characters — Jane Eyre, Janie of Zora Neale Hurston’s “Their Eyes Were Watching God” and Ma of Emma Donoghue’s “Room.” There are strong women everywhere, which recent marches across the world have demonstrated. CD: Do you have any advice for young writers on creating a strong voice in their characters? CBK: Well, for one thing, dialogue has to sound like natural speech — even though it isn’t. When I teach, I send my creative writing students out to cafes and parks with notebooks to transcribe bits of overheard conversations. Then I have them type up these transcripts and turn them into dialogue between characters. It’s interesting and illuminating to look closely at how written speech differs from spoken speech and the tools you need to make invented conversations sound real. George Garrett — my mentor at the University of Virginia when I was a MFA student there — talked about “dovetailing,” which is cutting unnecessary patter to get to the heart of an exchange. CD: Are you excited to come to Charlottesville? CBK: As I mentioned, I earned my master’s degree in creative writing at U.Va. but they’ve never asked me to come back to talk to students there. So it’s lovely to have the opportunity to return to the city where I wrote my first novel!


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