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NEW MOON PRESS, INC. PUBLISHER & EDITOR Greta Belanger deJong ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER John deJong ART DIRECTOR Polly P. Mottonen MANAGING EDITOR Pax Rasmussen WEB MEISTER & TECH WRANGLER Pax Rasmussen STAFF WRITER Alice Toler PROMOTIONS & DISPLAY ADVERTISING Jane Laird, Adele Flail ACCOUNTING, BOOKKEEPING Carol Koleman, Suzy Edmunds PRODUCTION Polly P. Mottonen, Rocky Lindgren, John deJong PHOTOGRAPHY & ART Polly Mottonen, Jane Laird, John deJong, Carol Koleman, Adele Flail, Pax Rasmussen INTERNS Lacey Ellen Kniep, Jayne Ann Boud CONTRIBUTORS Charlotte Bell, Amy Brunvand, Jim Catano, Steve Chambers, Stacey Closser, Ralfee Finn, Adele Flail, Dennis Hinkamp, Carol Koleman, Jane Laird, Jeannette Maw, Trisha McMillan, Diane Olson, Katherine Pioli, Margaret Ruth, Dan Schmidt, Suzanne Wagner DISTRIBUTION Carol Koleman and John deJong (managers) Brent & Kristy Johnson RECEPTION, SECURITY Lola
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ndroid Jones is at the forefront of the visionary art movement, a wave of artists who emphasize creativity as the foundation of consciousness and an agent of social change. As a digital alchemist, Android builds on the technical developments of past centuries in art history while pushing the boundaries of the imagination with new technologies and media forms. Moving beyond the traditional technologies of pencils, ink and brushes, Android develops latent possibilities within software programs such as Painter, Photoshop, ZBrush and Alchemy, discovering new combinations and uses for tools that exceed the original intentions of their programmers. As an designer, Android has contributed to films, games, and to building communities through WWW.CONCEPTART.ORG and WWW.DREAMCATCHER.NET. His interactive installations have enchanted tens of thousands of participants at events like Boom and Burning Man. From the viewpoint of the digital domain as a medium of energy and light capable of expanding the nature of reality, Android’s art encourages others to explore the potential interfaces of mind and machine
Sudden Fiction! Flash Fiction! Flash Fiction is now prevalent in creative writing classrooms and workshops, regarded as a literary genre and is a topic at conferences. But what does it all really mean? Perhaps there is no suitable answer, but this panel will tackle the question anyway.
Writers@Work invites you to join in a panel discussion devoted to the topic of Flash Fiction. Panel Moderator: David Kranes Panel Members: x Ron Carlson x Chris Merrill x Robert Shapard x James Thomas When: Saturday, June 8, 7:30 p.m. Where: Alta Lodge—Deep Powder Room This panel is free and open to the public. It is supported in part by the Utah Humanities Council. More information about this and other events can be found at www.writersatwork.org.
Dharma Dragon in this time of accelerating change and increasing novelty. To this end, Android’s art serves two related functions: it bears witness to realities accessible through heightened states of consciousness, and it also engenders heightened awareness through the processes of creation and audience interaction. Digital art becomes a tool for navigating reality and human awareness, and Android’s art invites others to join the advancing evolution of consciousness by speaking to the artist in everyone. “Novelty has a razor’s edge—it is ceaseless in its pursuit after unheralded innovative applications to experience itself anew over and over again,” Android writes. “The Art that I create is in service to this spirit. It keeps me up past the dawn, it feeds me an energy more precious than food itself. Throughout my whole life this energy has been guiding me onward, yet has never allowed me to gaze at its purpose. I am more than content to sit back and kneel in service to its endless unfolding mystery.” u Android Jones will be a presenter at the “Conscientia Retreat” at the Boulder Mountain Guest Ranch May 14. HTTP://CONSCIENTIAEVENTS.COM
Celebrating 31 years
of being a u 1. An agent or substance that initiates, precipitates or accelerates the rate of a reaction without being consumed in the process. u 2. Someone or something that causes an important event to happen.
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CATALYST is an independent monthly journal and resource guide for the Wasatch Front providing information and ideas to expand your network of connections regarding physical, mental, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. CATALYST presents useful information in several ways: through articles, display advertising, the Community Resource Directory, and featured Events. Display ads are easily located through the Advertising Directory, found in every issue.
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IN THIS ISSUE
Volume 32 Number 5 â€˘ May 2013
Small Class Size â€˘ 8â€“12 Students Max in each class â€˘ 7 Month Morning â€“ Jan. / July â€˘ 10 Month Evening â€“ April / Sept.
Get More for Your Money
detail from â€œWandererâ€? by cover artist Android Jones
FEATURES & OCCASIONALS 12
CROWD-SOURCED ADVICE FOR NEWLYWEDS JAYNE ANN BOUD & LACEY KNIEP What have you learned in your marriageâ€”or wish you had known beforehand? RAIN-MAGIC ROCK ART OF THE CANYONLANDS ANCESTORS JOSĂ‰ KNIGHTON The careful observations of an artist reveal new meanings in the messages of Southern Utahâ€™s ancient dwellers. LEARNING IN A POST-DIGITAL AGE KATHERINE PIOLI From calligraphy to goat milking, skillsharing lets friends, enthusiasts and professionals teach and learn from each other. THE LITTLE CO-OP THAT COULDâ€”WITH A LITTLE COOPERATION BENJAMIN BOMBARD The Wasatch Cooperative Market recently hit the halfway mark on its founding membership goal. What exactly is a grocery co-op, and why would you want to participate? CHAKRA SERIES: TODD MANGUM, M.D. Exploring human energy and endocrine anatomy, Chakra Two: The skinny on sex hormones.
Accredited through ABHES 8
EDITORâ€™S NOTEBOOK GRETA BELANGER DEJONG
DONâ€™T GET ME STARTED JOHN DEJONG â€œYou have not reached.the party you are speaking to.â€?
SLIGHTLY OFF CENTER DENNIS HINKAMP Devilâ€™s Dictionary, Vol. 2
ENVIRONEWS AMY BRUNVAND Colorado River most endangered; Herbert nixes West Desert water grab; Bishop proposes public lands dialogue; Willard Bay oil spill; ALEC: Get the public out of public lands; SLC Green Bikes; Park City to ban plastic bags?
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lice Toler's mind is a deep-thought generator. Give her a shadow of an idea and within minutes a compelling, artistically lit reality hovers in 3-D. (I’ve noticed this skill in art director Polly Plummer Mottonen, too.) What began as a Facebook chat about alternative uses for trampolines last month became “Breaking News—an Attractive Nuisance: Turn off the tube and go clean out the gutters” in this issue. Likewise, a short assignment on the practicality of backyard ponds in a desert environment turned into a fascinating dialogue with her entomologist husband about the critical water needs of beneficial insects and urban wildlife. That story is illustrated with a photo of an ever-expanding hole behind the CATALYST office that John deJong has been digging, then terraforming (like the engineer he is) since last summer. It could eventually become downtown SLC's version of the Kennecott pit were it not for the Wasatch Community Gardens' Urban Farm Tour in June, for which this hole must be transformed into a
Greta Belanger deJong
pond with attendant fish and water-filtering marshes; in time, I hope, to attract some dragonflies and Jesus bugs, too. It will also reactivate one of my major philosophical dilemmas I’ve shared here before: coping with raccoons, for which water, and chickens, are the ultimate attractive nuisances. Watching the babies
toddle along the fence and learn to climb the box elder on summer nights is akin to watching "Criminal Minds"—entertaining but full of foreboding. And when the adults lounge on the henhouse roof, and images of inevitable carnage come to mind, I want
to change the channel. For TV, I call that good mental hygiene. But in the backyard, one must deal. I can relate to a blood-lusty rancher who has it in for a livestock-killing coyote, though my preferred weapon is a loud voice and a lot of bluster. For now. Knowing my capacity for violence in defense of my hens prevents me from applying the "Coexist" bumper sticker someone gave me (though it is handy advice in traffic). Perhaps I'll put it on the henhouse. But there's also the question of the slingshot, which Pax wants to teach me to use. Speaking of raccoons, I walked into Salt Lake County Animal Services shelter at 39th So. 500 West last month—just to look, honest; walked into the cat room, and locked eyes with the first cat I saw: an enormous, alert Maine Coon. I was astounded to learn this gorgeous boy had been at the shelter since January 16. Weighing in at 13.4 lbs, he is talkative, affectionate and mostly well-mannered (though fierce when it comes to dogs). Yes, I walked out the door with him in a bulging cardboard cat carrier. We call him Mosey Poesy. Like baby Moses found in the reeds, like "moseying" as he walks, like a poem, also a posey. He eats flowers.
He is maybe five. History unknown. May he live long and happy. Right now he is frightened of the chickens (though he’s at least twice their weight). But I hope he will be my decoy raccoon, and the real ones will give him, his hens and this eventual pond wide berth. 6 a.m. A massive moon—full, tonight— looms low over downtown Salt Lake. The chirps and hum of ambitious birds and cars on the move signal night’s end, even though it’s still dark. I was going to write this month about spirituality and ecology. Charles Eisenstein (Sacred Economics) was just in town. Tim DeChristopher (of Bidder 70 fame) has been released from prison. May 4 is the 43rd anniversary of the Kent State killings. The U of U Humanities department is organizing a spirituality and ecology conference. I’ve been thinking of Ram Dass, and how, years ago when he visited Salt Lake, he mentioned he had a photo of then-secretary of Defense Dick Cheney on his altar; it took me years to figure that one out. But he was on to something we need to discuss. Maybe next month. u Greta deJong is CATALYST’s editor and publisher.
DON’T GET ME STARTED John deJong Drawing a line in the sand
ast month Elise Lazar, a good friend of ours (and one of the CATALYST100 featured in Jan.), conceived of the radical notion of speaking, in person, with Orrin Hatch, the very senior United States Senator from Utah, about the Keylstone XL Pipeline. You may have heard about her run-in with Senator Hatch’s staff and her place on the Washington, D.C. police department’s “most persistent constituents of the week” list from the SL Tribune’s Paul Rolly or on the Huffington Post. It’s the first thing you get if you google HATCH_WASHINGTON_DC_POLICE. Elise’s mistake was her belief that Sen. Hatch would deign to waste his time listening to her views on a subject
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that was decided for him a long time ago. Hatch took $429,050 from the oil & gas industry in the 2012 election cycle. He spent $4 million of the nearly $12 million he raised on two campaign consulting groups staffed with some of the worst apologists for the dirty fuel industry this side of the Potomac. Orrin probably thinks he’d be wasting his time listening to a constituent. And time is money. To raise $12 million in campaign contributions you’ve got to bring in $6,451 each and every day, except Sundays of course, for the entire six-year election cycle.
What do you think Sen. Hatch will be doing when he makes his next trip to Utah? Listening to constituents or to contributors? In his defense, Sen. Hatch has made it no secret that his government relations services are available for the right contribution. In 2000 he took Microsoft and Bill Gates to task for their paltry campaign contributions, saying, as reported in the Washington Examiner, “If you want to get involved in business, you should get involved in politics.” Thirteen years later, business on Washington’s lobbyist-infested K Street has never been better. Oil shale is just about the dirtiest energy around. But the real problem with the proposed $7 billion Keystone, from Alberta, Canada to the Gulf, is the legitimacy it lends to the idea that we are hopelessly addicted to fossil fuels and that we, as a nation, will do anything necessary to to get our next fix. Like mining oil shale in eastern Utah and western Colorado. Guess who is the dealer’s shill, bought and paid for? No, he doesn’t have time to listen to you, Elise. u John deJong is associate publisher of CATALYST.
SLIGHTLY OFF CENTER
Devil’s Dictionary, Vol. 2 BY DENNIS HINKAMP mbrose Bierce disappeared in Mexico sometime during 1913 after having written The Cynic’s Word Book which was later renamed The Devil’s Dictionary. I’ve always admired his writing and am saddened that he didn’t have a chance to take a crack at our 21st century nonsensical language. In his absence, this is my tribute.
4,000 Flooring Jobs and Counting
iStock photos – because I want my publication to have a unique look just like all the other publications. Social Media Consultant – code for “my barista job didn’t work out.” Barista – what busking is to street musician, barista is to coffee shop employee. Paradigm – meaningless big word people used before the Internet. Leveraging social media – annoying people with ads, causes, petitions and shameless self-promotion in what was once a pleasant diversion from mainstream commercial media. Infographic - deranged graphic artist barf used in place of explaining something with a simple pie chart or words. Appendectomy – the arduous process of removing useless apps from phones, pads and other devices. Customer satisfaction survey – The electronic version of the after breakup letter begging you to come back while promising to do better. Alternately an obsessive need to validate that any purchase ranging from corn dogs to SUVs met or exceeded your expectations.
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Bandwidth – the thing that there never is enough of even though nobody really knows what it is; in some circles, the paucity of bandwidth is the updated “the dog ate my homework.” Cloud computing – a new technology that will make it possible to simultaneously lose millions of people’s files. Game changer – used to describe everything other than actual games. Blogoshere – virtually free unemployment compensation for failed artists of all genres.
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At the end of the day – what most people refer to as “night” or “tomorrow.” Viral – something that used to be bad that became desirable but is reverting to annoying. Sustainable – the new word used to alternately justify or criticize any project ranging from cooking dinner to building thermonuclear reactors. Cave – short for “cave in” because that last syllable is just too much trouble.
Crowdsourcing – the natural evolution of chain letters and phone trees.
Pocket book – the mysterious antiquated thing that is always going to take the brunt of increased taxes; now living on the Isle of Anachronisms with the floppy disk. u
Wrap your head around – words sure
Epic – a word used to describe everything from your lunch to the cataclysmic end of the world.
Crowdfunding – taking your panhandling, street musicianship or slam poetry to a world audience.
Ninja (anything) – the word you use when “expert” either isn’t good enough or doesn’t pertain.
to appear on your autopsy report after driving and texting; driving and Tweeting; or driving and updating your Facebook page.
Dennis Hinkamp does not like the word cynic; he prefers observant.
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Colorado River most endangered American Rivers has named the Colorado River as the most threatened river in America in 2013 due to outdated water management. The report cites data from a recent Bureau of Reclamation Study which shows there is not enough water in the Colorado River to meet current demands, let alone to support future demand from growing populations in an era of climate change. Current Western water policy is on course for disaster as Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California and Wyoming duke it out trying to grab their own water allotment before the water flows downstream. To preserve river recreation, wildlife habitat and water supplies, the states will somehow need to prioritize conservation over the kind of water grabbing encouraged by use-it-or-lose-it water laws. In response to the report, the Utah Rivers Council has released a new video titled, â€œUtah Childishness Endangers Colorado River.â€? AMERICANRIVERS.ORG/ENDANGERED-RIVERS, TINYURL.COM/CRBSTUDY
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Herbert nixes West Desert water grab Governor Herbert rejected a controversial agreement that would have allowed Nevada to pipe groundwater from an aquifer under Snake Valley on the western border of Utah. Ranchers and environmentalists who opposed the agreement believe that the amount of available water was overestimated and that lowering the aquifer would cause a dust bowl destroying local agriculture and making air pollution worse on the Wasatch Front. Herbert seems more concerned about not letting Nevada get any of Utahâ€™s water than making progress towards sustainable water policy. Nonetheless, this was the right environmental decision.
Bishop proposes public lands dialogue U.S. Congressman Rob Bishop (UT-R-1), of all people, is calling for a dialogue on the future of Utahâ€™s public lands. On the one hand, this might be a good thing. Utahâ€™s public land battles are often not as intractable as you might think if all the stakeholders are invited to the table in good faith. During the 2013 General Session of the Utah Legislature, Senate Minority leader Jim Dabakis (D, District 2) called for just such a dialogue, though his proposal was never voted on. On the other hand, Bishop in particular has been responsible for fanning the flames of disagreement. Bishop is the one who introduced â€œSkiLinkâ€? legislation to privatize a strip of land in the
BY AMY BRUNVAND
Wasatch Mountains backcountry in order to allow the ski industry to avoid a public planning process. As a past chair and current member of the antagonistic Congressional Western Caucus Bishop has involved himself in countless attacks on
ALEC: Get the public out of public lands The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) is a conservative corporate front that feeds pre-written bills to state legislators, and when ALEC members met in Salt Lake City this past July they were met with vigorous protest by citizens who object to having local government taken over by secretive corporate money. Itâ€™s no surprise to read in a new report from the Center for American Progress that ALEC and not Utah public opinion is the driving force behind efforts by the Utah Legislature to privatize federal public lands in Utah. TINYURL.COM/GOADLANDSBRIEF
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DeChristopher a free man Just in time for Earth Day, Tim DeChristopher finished serving his prison sentence for disrupting a 2008 BLM oil and gas lease auction. He celebrated by giving an Earth Day sermon at the First Unitarian Church in Salt Lake City, doing an interview on Democracy Now with Amy Goodman, and doing a nationwide telecast Q&A to about 50 nationwide screenings of the film â€œBidder 70â€? about his act of civil disobedience. DeChristopher plans to attend Harvard Divinity School in order to become a Unitarian Universalist minister. public lands conservation; and even as Bishop calls for dialogue he has introduced legislation to â€œimproveâ€? (read, â€œgutâ€?) the Antiquities Act that allows the President of the United States to preserve threatened historic sites and allowed the creation of the Grand Saircase-Escalante National Monument.
Willard Bay oil spill On March 18 another Chevron oil pipeline burst (the third in three years), spilling 600 barrels of diesel into Willard Bay on the Great Salt Lake. The spill happened at the start of the spring migration when hundreds of thousands of birds depend on the Great Salt Lake as a stopover. Things could have been worse, though. The spill was partly contained by beaver dams. Six oil-soaked beavers were taken to the non-profit Wildlife Rehabilitation Center of Northern Utah where they are recovering from burns and respiratory problems caused by the oil.
Salt Lake City has a new bike sharing service. GREENbikes are designed for short trips in the city by people wearing regular clothes and carrying ordinary stuff. You can buy a membership for 24 hours, seven days, or a whole year, and use a bike for short trips around town instead of getting in your car or waiting for the bus. GREENBIKESLC.ORG
Park City to ban plastic bags? City Hall in Park city is considering a ban on one-time-use plastic grocery bags. So far, only a short, unofficial discussion has taken place, but city officials expect that the city council and Mayor Dana Williams will officially address the idea by early summer. The ban would be part of Park Cityâ€™s general environmental program, but the city expects opposition from business groups who fear the ban would increase buisiness costs. Mark Holm, owner of The Market at Park City, told the Park Record last month that he feels the ban would annoy customers and not accomplish much for the environment. He says that during the ski season, The Market distributes nearly 80,000 plastic bags, which cost the store one cent a piece, whereas paper bags cost five to seven cents each. Last month, Recycle Utah held an online survey about one-time-use plastic bags, and said that more than 90% supported a bag ban (although there were only about 100 responses to the survey at the time). According to Recycle Utah, less than 5% of plastic bags are recycledâ€”the rest either take up space in landfills or float around on the breeze. Either way, they degrade into tiny toxic particles that make their way into the environment. Park City wouldnâ€™t be the first resort town to ban plastic bags: Telluride and Aspen, Colorado already do. TINYURL.COM/PCBAGBAN
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OUTSIDE THE BOX
Breaking news— an attractive nuisance Turn off the tube and go clean out the gutters
BY ALICE TOLER
In the law of torts, the attractive nuisance doctrine states that a landowner may be held liable for injuries to children trespassing on the land if the injury is caused by a hazardous object or condition on the land that is likely to attract children who are unable to appreciate the risk posed by the object or condition. The doctrine has been applied to hold landowners liable for injuries caused by abandoned cars, piles of lumber or sand, trampolines, and swimming pools. However, it can be applied to virtually anything on the property of the landowner. —Wikipedia s I lay in bed at 3:30 in the morning, following Twitter transcriptions of live Boston police scanner feeds, I knew I wasn’t doing myself any favors. One of the marathon bombers had been shot earlier that night, and the other, a 19-year-old boy, was on the loose and being hunted through the streets of Watertown, Massachusetts. I was jet lagged, so 3:30 a.m. was a “reasonable” hour to be awake, but still. I let myself be pulled into this story I had no ability to affect, my adrena-
line spiking over and over again, until my body started to feel like a kid’s after a Halloween candy binge. Eventually around 6 a.m. I forced
cats. David Sipress, a cartoonist for the New Yorker, expressed it perfectly: he sketched a couple walking down a city street, the woman say-
The greatest work that any of us do is to take responsibility for the energy we communicate to others, which is the energy we cultivate inside ourselves on a daily basis. myself to close my laptop and get some more sleep. All of the next day, I found it hard to concentrate. A borked circadian rhythm combined with heightened baseline anxiety made simple tasks like loading the dishwasher seem insurmountable. I wound up online over and over, either checking for news out of Boston or trying to distract myself by looking at pictures of
ing to her partner, “My desire to be well-informed is currently at odds with my desire to remain sane.” Farhad Manjoo over at SLATE.COM recommended that we’d all be better off cleaning our gutters than trying to follow breaking news either on TV or the Internet. I think he’s right. The news these days has turned into an Attractive Nuisance. It may not be as obvious an
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injury as breaking an arm while falling into someone else’s abandoned swimming pool, but the emotional distortions we all undergo when we let ourselves get sucked beyond the event horizon of “breaking news” leave a mark on us, and have the potential affect everyone we interact with. On April 19, the day of the manhunt, I was exhausted, cranky, anxious and paranoid. I’m not advocating avoiding the news altogether, but I think that it’s important to develop the discipline to decide when it’s worth trading the health of our bodies and minds for a level of involvement with current events. Some people may feel more energized by following the news, but I’m exhausted by it. I’m giving myself, and all of you, permission to turn it off if it makes you feel angry, restless, nervous, revolted, sad, frightened, paranoid, fatigued, queasy, jittery, irritable or just plain bad. The greatest work that any of us do is to take responsibility for the energy we communicate to others, which is the energy we cultivate inside ourselves on a daily basis. The world is not a safe place and it never will be, so figuring out what boundaries we need to set and maintain so that we don’t get emotionally drained by all the drama is really important. Don’t let yourself be manipulated. Watch out for Attractive Nuisances—they’re everywhere, and not just on the various glowing screens we encounter every day. If something or someone makes you feel bad, ask yourself “Can I affect this? Am I learning something from this?” If the answer is ‘no’ on both counts, then what are you hoping to accomplish? Sometimes what you’re learning is that you’re letting yourself get sucked dry by things you can’t influence. In that case, the best thing is to take the lesson and move on. Nobody bats 1000, me least of all. I’ve spent hours, days, even months circling various Attractive Nuisances in the past, and I’ll have to forgive myself for that behavior again in the future. Still, when I sit down and interact with someone, I want them to feel better for having talked with me. I don’t want to be a transparent conduit for all the trauma that the world has to offer. I can’t put a stop to all human evil, but I can dampen rather than amplify it. If that’s all I get to do during my time on this planet, that will be enough. u Alice Toler is a CATALYST staff writer.
News and ideas for a healthier, more sustainable future BY PAX RASMUSSEN
Heat grabber update A couple of months ago, I wrote about my $50 in-window solar heat grabber that my wife and I built. Basically, the idea is you make a long, shallow box (bisected lengthwise) out of foam insulation board. The top part heats up, hot air flows into the house, pulling cooler air from the house down the bottom of the box, where it heats to flow up into the house. The idea is a sort of sun-powered, cycling heat exchanger. I bought the plans from Mother Earth News and now, I suspect, they weren’t considering the rather more intense nature of the Southwestern sun. In short, my heat grabber melted. The way the grabber works is the panel in the middle (bisecting the box) is spray-painted black, making a surface that absorbs heat from the sun. That heat is transferred into the air and heads up into the house. The problem is, that black painted surface got so hot in mid-March (when the sun started coming out for extended periods of time) that the foam panel melted, pulling away from the sides of the box. The grabbers still works— sort of. Instead of cycling the air the way it’s designed to do, it sort of just wafts hot air into the house. There’s no flow now, since the box is no longer bisected. It’s just one big box of hot air. So if you read my bit a couple months ago and intend to build one for yourself: Build it out of wood and line it with the foam insulation board, using some sort of spray adhesive. It might even be a good idea to put a bit of sheet metal over the middle panel and spraypaint that black, instead of the foam board directly. That way, the panel might melt or shrink a little, but it won’t matter: The box
will still be sealed tight, and the heat will still go where it needs to go. TINYURL.COM/MEN-HEATGRABBER
The Dirty Dozen and the Clean 15 The Environmental Working Group has released their 2013 “Shoppers Guide to Pesticides and Produce.” Personally, I look forward to this every year to see what’s safe to eat, and maybe if some things from last year have changed. This year, bell peppers have dropped from #3 on the Dirty Dozen to #12, but were replaced by cherry tomatoes (which weren’t even on the list last year). Apples and celery are still #1 and #2, respectively, while peaches went from #4 to #8. Asparagus replaced onions for first place on the Clean 15 (onion is now #10). EWG tests produce based on the way they are consumed, which means they peel and/or wash the veggies before testing. If you already have the smartphone app, make sure to update it to get 2013’s list (if you don’t, go to the link below and download!). EWG.ORG, TINYURL.COM/DIRTYDOZENAPP
GMO urban legends We’ve noticed over the last few months that there’s some Monsanto/GMO misinformation floating around the interwebs. First, a list
of supposedly Monsanto-owned companies to avoid buying from. The list includes such companies as Coca Cola, Ocean Spray, Lipton and a couple dozen others. The companies on this list, though, are not owned by Monsanto. They might (and most likely do) use products that have been genetically modified and sold by Monsanto, but the big M doesn’t own them. Second: A chart that shows how you can ‘decode’ produce labels to know whether or not your veggies are organic, have been genetically modified or grown with pesticides. Purportedly, a four-digit number means the produce has been conventionally grown, a five-digit number beginning with a nine means organic and a five-digit number beginning with an eight means GMO. This is true, but these codes are used for the convenience of suppliers and grocers, and there is nothing that mandates or regulates the use of codes in this fashion. They could be different or absent for any number of reasons, so this should be used as a general rule-of-thumb only. TINYURL.COM/NOTMONSANTO-OWNED, TINYURL.COM/PRODUCECODES
Americans for alternative energy According to a Gallup poll published in March, more than two-thirds of Americans want to focus on solar, wind and natural gas energy more than on oil, coal and nuclear. The poll found that 76% of Americans favor solar power development, 71% wind and 65% natural gas. Only 46%, 37% and 31% favored oil, nuclear and coal, respectively. The poll also found, not surprisingly, that oil, nuclear and coal were more popular with Republicans, and in the South. Democrats’ top choice nationwide was solar, whereas Republicans’ was natural gas. u TINYURL.COM/GALLUPALTENERGY
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Crowd-sourced advice for newlyweds What have you learned in your marriage— or wish you had known beforehand? BY JAYNE ANN BOUD AND LACEY KNIEP
llow us to introduce ourselves, Lacey Kniep and Jayne Ann Boud. We are University of Utah interns this semester at CATALYST. You may have noticed our work in the past few issues. Throughout this internship, we have learned about green living and cultural creativity in addition to learning all about the wonderful world of magazine writing
and production. Our experience has been absolutely wonderful! But there is something crucial we have yet to learn as this semester comes to a close. We are both getting married this month! To better prepare ourselves for this next step in life with our soon-to-be spouses, we asked our friends and CATALYST readers, both married and divorced, what they have learned
We divorced once but the divorce didn’t work! We married again on our anniversary so he didn’t have to remember two dates. I didn’t want to set him up to fail! I’ve learned that the only person you can change is yourself. Don’t try to change him. I’ve learned that no one is perfect. I’ve learned not to do anything so much or so often that it’s expected, only enough to be appreciated. Support your spouse’s dreams but don’t forget your own and don’t stop pursuing those dreams. Compromise is a great idea but it’s important to agree on the compromise. You can go to bed mad, contrary to popular belief. Sometimes it’s best to sleep on it rather than force an issue when there is fresh anger or hurt. It’s important to laugh often and forgive easily. Forgetting is a little harder but worth the effort. Don’t hold onto grudges. It only eats at you from the inside. It also gives others power over you. Own your feelings and your mistakes. There are many stages of love. Relationships cannot sustain that fiery passion every day. It will reignite during various times of your relationship. Love grows in many ways during good and bad times. It’s the small things that add up. Be considerate, be kind, be faithful, be honest, be playful, be patient, be yourself. And last but not least, I’ve learned that when the grass looks greener on the other side of the fence, it’s time to water the lawn! Good luck to the brides and grooms. It’s not always been easy, but it has certainly been worth it. Debbie, married 39 years You’re a team; work together. You are both are human and individuals, so it is natural to be annoyed at times or mad with each other. Just remember that you are on the same side. Look after each other’s needs. Alison, married 15 years
in their marriages—or what they wish they had known beforehand. Thank you for sharing your insights and experiences with us!
photo Jennifer Leahy
Lacey Kniep and Jared Fitzgerald
Show more love when you least feel like it. Being upset doesn’t get you anywhere, but somehow service toward the very person you don’t feel kind toward will soften the hardest heart. Angela, 25, married 5 years Five years ago, our marriage was in pretty bad shape, and we couldn’t understand what we were doing wrong. We loved each other, but somehow our ability to communicate had atrophied, and things were going downhill. I [Grace] was in therapy, but it didn’t seem to be helping much. I think it was an act of desperation at the time, but we attended a party where I took a large dose of LSD and had what you might call a bad trip. It wasn’t fun, but in the middle of all the chaos I suddenly realized I could really see my husband… and that there was something terribly wrong that he had been hiding from me. Afterwards, I confronted him about it, and he admitted there had been some sexual abuse going on in his house when he was very young. He’d always had problems sustaining long-term relationships as an adult, and he thought that these things were related. We went into couples counseling. It has not always been an easy ride, but we have had a strong, loving, and trusting marriage now. After reading up on the therapeutic uses of MDMA and other psychedelics, we decided to integrate these experiences into our efforts to address our trauma and rebuild our relationship. Our therapist is skilled in pointing out the dynamics between us (both good and bad) but psychedelics have given us the ability to drop
If your partner does things that annoy you, more than likely what annoys you is merely a reflection of yourself, not him or her. Samantha, 24, married 7 months: This may sound overly practical, but I really wish someone would have given me this advice before I married: Have the Money talk. Find out what outstanding financial obligations your partner has. Does he file his taxes on time? What you learn likely won’t be a deal-breaker, though it may delay the wedding date, allowing time to get things cleaned up. Honesty now is a lot better than resentment later. Julia, 59, married 27 years Let it go! Give each other a break. Remember that you’re both imperfect. Don’t ever think, ‘Well, I’m not going to do this until he starts doing that.’ You’ll never get anywhere that way. When one of you does something really dumb, don’t rub it in! Just use it as a good opportunity to show the other how much you really love them. Lindsay, married 5 years
ferent. You and your spouse have to find how you two deal with things. What works for you may not work for someone else . Julia, 22, married 3 years I used to think that it was a little hokey to have couple-related paraphernalia all over the place— such as a hallway filled with pictures of the happy pair frolicking on a beach next to a framed love poem by Anonymous... or tattoos of your SO’s face on your bicep. I admit that I judged... and I was so, so wrong. Because that shit is crucial for managing snarky emotions the third time your husband gets flour from his bread-making project all over the lovingly hand-washed dishes in the drying rack... or photo Jennifer Leahy
our defenses and really do the work of building ourselves as a couple. Grace, 38 and Mick, 42, married 10 years
No matter how perfect you both start out being, there will be some differences and behavior/control games played. So learn to talk things over, with only each other. Never go to friends and family to get them on your side. You may not agree for a while, but you will each eventually understand where the other is coming from. Generally speaking, men don’t talk over things, they don’t want to cause waves, so talking is at first scary to them. Jack [my husband] has loved it for many years now. There are a few circumstances that are unfixable—extreme personality disorders such as narcissism, sociopathy, substance abuse, etc. My advice is to get therapy, and then get out ASAP when problems are entrenched. Don’t hang in there for years hoping for a change that isn’t going to happen. Like I did. Joan, 78, happily married 30 years after two painful previous marriages
grinding annoyance. I’ve found that using images or love-notes or love-gifts (I like to re-read our first conversation on OKCupid... or play with a little snail-shaped bottle-opener that my husband got me as a just-because gift) in order to reinforce the little pathway from the part of my brain that stores husband-related memories to the part of my brain that generates ooey-gooey lovey-dovies, and counteract the trail that leads to resenty feelings. (So maybe when I finally get around to framing pictures from our wedding, one should go next to the toothbrushes and one should go in the drying rack?) Adele, 29, married 9 months There are three entities in a marriage. You and your spouse are each individuals but the marriage itself is also its own being. You are not blending your life with another’s. You are creating something new. Sometimes this new entity is strong and healthy. (This part is easy and feels great) Sometimes it’s weak or fragile and it will need care and attention or rest. (This is the work.) Have many interests, some that you share and some that are your own. Time apart is as important as time together. If you are very lucky, like me, you have great role models. Both my parents and my in-laws lead by example in the marriage department. Happy 50th wedding anniversary Doug and Myrna! Polly, 51, married 18 years This is a trick I learned late in my marriage. Had I learned it earlier, we probably would have never divorced; earlier still, and we possibly never would have married. Here it is: Appreciate each other—not with nods of encouragement, or by entangling emotions, but simply as one appreciates fine acting in a play. We’re so much bigger than the dramas we enact, and it’s good to remind ourselves, every single day, that Hamlet was right. Two people, appreciating each other in this way, share such a gift. True love loves a drama-free zone. Greta, 61, married 20 years, divorced 7 years Have an attitude of gratitude and find joy in your journey together.
Your relationship is more important than being right. Also, pick out your own jewelry...it keeps feelings from being hurt. Bonnie, 32, married 9 years
Tex Always kiss goodnight.
Remember what’s important and always give your spouse the benefit of the doubt. Your spouse will probably not intentionally try to hurt you. If he ever does hurt your feelings, he usually just doesn’t know what he said. Also, discuss periodically how you can meet each other’s needs. Melissa, 22, married 2 years Marriage is not a 50/50 thing. You each have to give 100% and expect nothing in return. If you both always put God first and make sure he is the center of your relationship, things fall into place. Kelcie, 20-something, divorced 2 years My advice is: don’t take any advice from other couples because each couple is unique and dif-
Denise Always make peace before you go to sleep. Mary Jayne Ann Boud and Bryce Osborne
you’ve knocked his toothbrush out of the holder and into the beard trimmings and dusting of girly makeup powder in the sink...again. Seriously, you need the most love-sappy stuff you’ve got hung up in every room of the house. Because every time your spouse does one of those annoying little things, you probably remember Every. Other. Time. they’ve done that exact same annoying little thing—and it reinforces connections in your brain between the concept of your beloved and that feeling of tooth-
Don’t let money issues dictate how happy/unhappy your marriage is. Ladonna Never use the word ‘divorce,’ even in a joking manner. Caitlin Honor, love, adore and serve each other forever and ever. Jewel, 70, married 49 year
EXPLORING ANCIENT UTAH
Pen-and-ink drawing of the “Unexpected Panel”, carbon dating of Barrier Canyon Style art dates this panel to between 4,000 and 1,700 years ago.
Rain-magic rock art of the Canyonlands ancestors The careful observations of an artist reveal new meanings in the messages of Southern Utah’s ancient dwellers STORY AND DRAWINGS BY JOSÉ KNIGHTON
he wilderness art museums of southern Utah’s canyonlands offer the best of two worlds: the physical exhilaration of a great hike and the mental stimulation of meeting unusual works of art. No matter how much time one spends in the presence of prehistoric rock art, like any other art, it is never enough to comprehend its complexity. Even studying photographs after a visit, one’s attention is dominated by imposing elements of the composition.
For some time, I have been creating detailed pen-and-ink drawings as tributes to the imaginative obsession
this art provokes. This labor of love has forced me to pay precise attention to details otherwise easily overlooked. As well, with hikes to related rock art, repetitions of similar—seemingly minor—elements have revealed themselves. A trip to a recently re-discovered site initiated a cascade of such revelations.
Pen-and-ink drawing of “Snake Belly”, AKA “Intestine Man”
Tracking a rumor of an ancient rock art panel through the southern Utah desert is an act of faith. From this canyon’s mid-level sandstone terrace we scan the potential sites of such a panel as we hike upcanyon. The possibilities seem nearly infinite. Eventually, though, we find a few suspicious footprints that focus into a path up the main wash and across a sandy bench on its far side. We spot a likely protected overhang in the distance and trek toward it. We’re so intent that when we pause beneath the actual site—accident or intuition?—we are still focused on our distant mirage. The presence of the Unexpected Panel (as it has been called) draws our attention upward and we stand agape in stunned silence. The intricacy of detail in this startling outburst of imagination painted on the sandstone rock face is dumbfounding. Some of its figures are as large or larger than ourselves. And some are 15 to 20 feet above the ground— unreachable and intimidating. I whisper thanks to our great friend who did the forensic extrapolation from a photographer’s trip notes on his blog, where he gave the art the name we use. And then hunted down this site which has only become public in the last couple of years. Eventually we break out in a chorus of coyote hallelujahs. Southern Utah’s canyons are as laden with Native American rock art—from historic Ute and Navajo back to prehistoric Fremont, Pueblo and Basketmaker cultures—as the Manhattan railyards used to be with vibrant graffiti. But this is the old stuff, centuries or millennia older than the above cultures and possibly ancestral to some. It’s also more elaborate and elegant than any subsequent rock art. The earliest hunter-gatherer cultures in the Southwest have been prejudicially described by archaeologists as the “Desert Archaic” people. The ancient rock art paintings in Utah’s canyonlands have been identified by the world-famous Great Gallery, considered the model of the Barrier Canyon Style (BCS) rock paintings. That renowned and enormous panel is really in Horseshoe Canyon which is intermittently drained by Barrier Creek. There is no Barrier Canyon. How old is that panel in Horseshoe Canyon? Unfired clay figurines with design similarities to
Visiting Rock Art of the Canyonlands Ancestors It’s a sad dilemma that any public description of rock art locations exposes it to an extreme risk of vandalism. There are, however, three significant, high profile Barrier Canyon Style panels that are essentially in the public domain. Two are within an hour’s drive from Green River, the third is a little more with a good hike at the drive’s end. All are accessible on well-maintained dirt roads.The Sego Canyon and Buckhorn Wash panels both received major, professional restoration in the mid-90’s to remove decades of vandalism. The type-site for this rock art style, Horseshoe Canyon (AKA Barrier Canyon) is part of Canyonlands National Park. A few years ago a chainlink fence was installed for protection of the Great Gallery and a park ranger is usually on patrol.
Sego Canyon Take I-70 east from Green River for approximately 24 miles, take the turnoff to Thompson Springs (Exit 185). Drive north through town on SR 94 and continue on the dirt road for approximately three miles to a parking area for the rock art.
Buckhorn Wash Take I-70 west from Green River for approximately 30 miles, take the dirt road (Exit 129) north, backtracking for a little over three miles until the road turns and continues north for approximately 16 miles to cross the San Rafael river bridge. In approximately five miles the the rock art will appear on the canyon walls beside the road.
Horseshoe Canyon Take I-70 west from Green River for approximately 13 miles, take SR 24 (Exit 147) south for approximately 24 miles to about a half mile south of the Goblin Valley turnoff. Turn east on the dirt road to the Hans Flat ranger station of the Maze district of Canyonlands N.P. Bear right at the first fork, left at the second fork, continuing to a signed junction after about 25 miles. Turn left, and its about six more miles from this junction with signs marking the way to the turnoff on the right and the rim of the canyon. The hike into the canyon and upstream to the Great Gallery is seven miles round trip. “Snake in Mouth”
EXPLORING ANCIENT UTAH the rock art’s motifs have been excavated upcanyon. Fortunately, that work was done by professional archeologists who could date the clay figures by depositional layers in which they were found. These figurines could have been left behind “as early as 6,000 to 8,000 ago,” according to an article by Betsy L. Tipps, “Barrier Canyon Rock Art Dating,” that appears in the National Park Service publication The Archeology of Horseshoe Canyon (available free online). Specific to the paintings, carbon dating of actual paint fragments from stylistically related sites found elsewhere and also described in the article pulls the creation of the paintings forward to between 4,000 and 1,700 years ago. Older isn’t necessarily better. But with rock art there’s a point where art starts to evolve (or devolve) toward the iconography of writing. These are two distinctly different forms of communication—one visceral and one pragmatic. Think of the difference between Picasso’s “Guernica” and the ideograms of Chinese text in which each character incorporates a simplified representation of what it identifies. Both are symbolically loaded. But one is a punch in the gut and the other may be instructions for hooking up a DVD player. Most of the chipped-in rock art (also known as petroglyphs) of later prehistoric cultures, Fremont, Basketmaker and Pueblo, seem to be, with their stylized manner, moving more toward those ideogramic representations and away from more evocative forms of art. But, the preeminent thing about BCS paintings (also known as pictographs) thrives in the fact that they are intentionally enthralling— both emotionally and imaginatively, rather than intellectually. *** As we stand gawking like museum tourists below the focus of our quest, we are not too distant as the crow flies from the BCS type-site in Horseshoe Canyon. We recognize familiar elements of that style’s rock art. Predominating are larger-thanlife moon-eyed demigods whose hypnotic stares have, ever since Spielberg, been associated with ET. These often limbless torsos do have an other-worldly quality. Southern Utah artist and archaeologist Joe Pachak (known from his work with the Edge of the Cedars Museum in Blanding) speculates that some
figures from the Great Gallery in Horseshoe Canyon could be representations of “shroud-wrapped bodies,” possibly prepared for exposed sky-burials. This might explain the BCS sites’ absence of the preserved interments common to Fremont, Basketmaker and Pueblo cultures. Whether or not Pachak’s educated guess is accurate, it resonates with beliefs and rituals of one of the oldest surviving southwestern Native American cultures. The Hopi, who have lived for centuries on their
This is the old stuff, centuries or millennia older than prehistoric Fremont, Pueblo and Basketmaker cultures, and possibly ancestral to some. defensive mesa tops in what is now northeastern Arizona, may or may not be descendants of the artists of the BCS culture. Being hunter-gatherer, seasonal nomads, those ancient artists left behind little evidence of their material culture except their magnificently durable rock art. Some Hopi clans do, however, have direct lineages or oral traditions going back to the prehistoric Basketmaker and Pueblo cultures (both commonly known as Anasazi or more recently as Ancestral Puebloan). Some Hopi katsinas (aka kachinas), whether carved cottonwood figurines or ritual masquerades, are representations or embodiments of transcendent ancestors; in tabloid parlance, dead celebrities—think Bogart and Lincoln. Some are recent enough to be associated with remembered individuals. Some have been in oral tradition for so many centuries that they’ve metamorphosed into demigod myths— think Moses or Ulysses. Whenever I visit Horseshoe Canyon and stand in front of the figure most often referred to as “the Holy Ghost,” I see the Hopi’s skullfaced Maasawu. This intimidating demigod, according to oral tradition, led the Hopi clans out of their “third world”: out of the Chaco Canyon culture’s tyranny at the declining end of the prehistoric Pueblo era in the 1400s and to new lives in their current Fourth World
Dr. Todd Cameron on those Arizona mesa tops. One doesnâ€™t need to leap a very wide conceptual gap to recognize protokatsinas or even Maasawu himself in some of the imposing BCS figures left by the canyonlands ancestors. Perhaps those ancestors are representatives of an even more distantly prehistoric Second World. *** Once we free our attention from captivation by the Unexpected Panelâ€™s katsina-like, humanoid figures we recognize the wealth of detail in the panelâ€™s elaborate composition. Several smaller figures incorporate both animal and human characteristics, abstract winged circles, an arc evocative of a rainbow and, inevitably, symbols too alien to our own cultural foundations to guess the artistâ€™s intentions. Occasionally the most evident component of a suite of elementsâ€” subordinate to a BCS panelâ€™s dominating anthropomorphic figuresâ€”is the presence of a raincloud. My rock art-obsessed companions and I refer to an obscure panel near Moab, otherwise identified by its give-away location name, as the Stormbringer Panel. Our re-naming recognizes both the need for protective secrecy and the presence of unmistakable rainclouds trailing curtains of virga directly over two major anthropomorphs. Although this seemingly ancient panelâ€”with numerous Basketmaker animal petroglyphs superimposed much laterâ€”is heavily faded from ages of exposure, the simplified raincloud and rain-curtain would be difficult to interpret as anything else. Still gazing up at the Unexpected Panel, we recognize nothing as obvious as a raincloud, but the arcing
Continued on next page
Glossary Petroglyph: art chipped into the rock surface rather than painted onto it Pictograph: painted rock art Barrier Canyon style (BCS): rock art of southeastern Utahâ€™s earliest, Desert Archaic inhabitants; the name is a conflation of the Barrier Creek and Horseshoe Canyon which it intermittently drains: there is no actual Barrier Canyon. Anthropomorph: a rock art figure with some human characteristics Hopi: a clan-based pueblo society in northern Arizona 1and one of the oldest surviving southwestern Native American cultures.
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twin lines over five small supplicant or dancing figures looks like a rainbow. Vertical painted streamers below the rainbow and dancers are identical to the virga falling from rainclouds of the Stormbringer Panel and make this identification seem like more than idle speculation. Often the presence of such a rain signifier is less apparent, as exemplified by two panels—quite different from each other—on opposite sides of a canyon near Canyonlands National Park. The larger one (usually called Snake in the Mouth for the tiny uvula-like snake hanging in a torso-like figure’s open mouth) has an amorphous horizontal shape overhead. Pulling one’s attention off this dominant anthropomorph, one is likely to notice small streaks and droplets falling from that dark shape toward an attendant figure and a diagonal snake above its head. The intricately delicate Snake Belly (or Intestine Man) panel on the opposite side of the canyon seems to have less potential for rain signifiers. But, above the three main semianthropomorphic figures (one of which is a perfect example of Pachak’s burial shroud) there are 100 or more fingerprint-painted dots that may or may not represent raindrops. The real rain signifier here, however, requires familiarity with a minor detail of another panel entirely. Next to the Snake Belly and its attendants is a seemingly abstract six-lobed form with hanging loops joining the tapered lobes. Minutely painted birds that would fit on fingernails fly between each lobe. It seems unlikely that the mysterious lobes are simply clumsy abstractions. Below, are barely visible vertical repetitions that I’ve heard described as lollipops. What on earth? *** Before hiking away from the Unexpected Panel—since the sun is dipping toward the horizon—we comment on another aspect familiar from other panels. Snakes! Many BCS panels have snakes slithering across them or otherwise woven into their designs. There’s one above us, with back-and-forth loops partially obscured by a mineral stain, hanging from a mooneyed figure’s arm. Half of the figure’s head and most of its single arm are also obscured by the same descending stain. Another figure appears to have a snake sprouting from its shoulder for an arm. There are also two small snakelike designs above and below the double arc of the rainbow.
Many native people see snakes’ shedding of their skins and emergence from dens in the earth when the ground warms in the spring as symbols of rebirth. But for the Hopi they are also the guardians of springs. The Hopi snake ceremony, documented by Jesse Walter Fewkes in a report first published in 1897 involves ritual handling of deadly rattlesnakes as well as other less dangerous desert serpents. This was the first Hopi ceremonial “dance” from which outsiders were banned when their sacred rituals started taking on a Barnum and Bailey atmosphere. In his book, Sun Chief: the Autobiography of a Hopi Indian, Dan Talayesva, after describing Snake Clan priests carrying rattlesnakes in their teeth, states, “They
EXPLORING ANCIENT UTAH figures in the path of this seepage of gathered rainfall was intentional. That possibility increases to probability when one considers that the intention of some paintings was, very likely, the supplication of ancestral spirits for sustaining rain. I feel it’s worth taking another brief glance at the Snake Belly panel’s identifying figure. This figure is small, not much more than a foot high and unusual among its sibling pictographs. It’s proportionally wider than other BCS figures and has what appears to be a skirt of feathers along its bottom edge. Another unusual detail, corrupted by erosion and barely discernible in photographs, is a triangular rattlesnake-like head protruding vertically from where one would expect a
Detail of the “Unexpected Panel”
are then released with prayers, to convey to the Rain Deity.” It’s quite possible that this ancient propitiation ritual of the Hopi was carried from their deep ancestral past as carefully a rattlesnake clutched between their teeth. The Head of Sinbad panel, famous in anthropology textbooks for a shaman figure, includes numerous snakes. One is clutched in a figure’s hand and another seems to be whispering in a mooneyed figure’s ear. This figure is partially obscured by mineral stains. These paintings are extremely old and some, like the Stormbringer panel, have not aged well. The water seepage which has, over the centuries, deposited mineralization may not necessarily have occurred as an oversight or a poor location choice on the part of the artists. It’s possible the placement of certain
head to protrude—a faint detail I noticed when working on a penand-ink rendering. A little-known petroglyph in Canyonlands National Park has similar details. In the Stormbringer panel, another petroglyph has similar snakey internal loops and a trailing edge of tentacle-like fringe similar to the Snake Belly’s “feathers.” Author Erna Ferguson in her book Dancing Gods, published in 1931, recounts how each Hopi snake collector “carries a bag of sacred meal with which to sprinkle the snakes, and a buffalo-skin bag to put them in.” It is not beyond the realm of possibility that these glyphs represent such a collecting bag or personifications of such bags. Such enclosing bundles are known to calm irritated captives and would have offered safe and respectful transport for dangerous serpents as
collaborators in rain-arousing rituals that may have preceded those of the Hopi. *** Before finally wrenching our imaginations away from the Unexpected Panel, we take one last, mind-etching look at its focal figure. There is always a dominant figure in these elaborate and always singular compositions who clutches at your soul. I’ve intentionally left this hybrid figure—so well equipped for clutching —for last. Smaller than the ghostly torsos it shares the wall with, it has two stubby legs and two reaching arms, turned to one side, with delicate but dangerous-looking claw-like fingers and seems to be flinging four enigmatic winged circles toward the panel’s edge. It has a rectangular head, wider than it is high, with two huge piercing eyes. The addition of a pair of moth-like antennae imbues the figure with an insectoid, even alien, quality. Though there is a mineralization-obscured snake hanging in space behind this figure, and a small mammal beneath the winged circles seems to be communing with a smaller snake, it is impossible to trap this figure’s essence in the conceptual net of rain-magic that we’ve been exploring. No amount of well-founded or dumbfounded speculation can ever dispel the mysteries of these labors of human imagination. But something that is not subject to speculation is the fact that they were indeed labors. These elaborate works of art represented a substantial commitment of time and effort for a hunter-gatherer, subsistence community. As generations of their people swept past, as pigments they worked with failed or succeeded to chemically bond with the sandstone on which they were painted and disappeared, faded or remained vibrant, their mastery of materials and technique evolved. Eventually, they knew—without doubt—they were creating something both important and enduring that reached into the deepest enigmas of human existence and survival. Their mystery is one the passage of centuries has only enhanced. u When José Knighton moved away from Moab nine years ago, someone said (and it was printed in the newspaper), “It’s sad enough when you lose the family dog, but we’re losing the community coyote!” There, you know all you need to know about José. And, also, that he is a highly skilled observer that manifests in poetry, prose and his careful, captivating pen-and-ink drawings.
Learning in a post-digital age From calligraphy to goat milking, skillsharing lets friends, enthusiasts and professionals teach and learn from each other. BY KATHERINE PIOLI pread out on my kitchen counter, a bowl, bag of bread flour, salt, glass of tepid water, and jar of pasta madre (sourdough starter), vie for space among cocktail glasses and half-empty food plates. I shout over the noise of conversation: “Pour in your madre, weigh out 400 grams of flour and 300 grams of water.” Only a handful of people in the room gather close to watch my demonstration. It is an informal classroom. My sourdough bread-baking class marked our skillshare group’s second meeting. The monthly gatherings took root last winter. A small group of friends, without an official name or list of classes or attendees, coming together partially as an excuse to get out of our winter burrows and socialize. Do-it-yourself kind of people, we also wanted to learn from each other. As is often the case with brilliant ideas, our skillshare group, I soon learned, was not unique in the valley. Varying manifestations, such as Beehive Braintree and the Garden Group, are appearing all over the city. It’s a new kind of adult education, not associated with a college or university. These groups tap
amateurs, professionals and, in our case, self-taught enthusiasts to lead short courses (a few hours to one day) on everything from soap-making to narrative journalism to building raised-bed vegetable gardens. On a recent Wednesday night I followed my partner Benjamin up the stairs at the office of Higher Ground Learning to the loft classroom where yet another new skillsharing group, the Beehive Braintree, was meeting. Unlike my own do-it-yourself group, the Braintree’s creators are using skillsharing as a business model—a trend happening from New York City to Australia. At the Beehive, classes are designed to benefit students as well as the teachers. By sharing their skills in a formal classroom setting, Beehive Braintree’s creators hope to help professionals build a reputation and possibly attract more work. Stepping into the classroom, I found seven students already seated at a horseshoe of tables facing a whiteboard. Benjamin, the guest teacher for the night’s class on narrative journalism, stepped up to the front and introduced himself. The scene felt light years away from my class the week before in a loud, crowded and messy kitchen. Ben put on a nametag and distributed printouts. I stepped back downstairs to talk skillsharing with Braintree’s creators, Dallas Graham and Paul Matlin. “I work in front of a computer eight hours a day. When I leave work, I want to connect with people,” Dallas told me as we held our own conference downstairs underneath the Beehive class loft. The conversation had turned to the rise of social, real-time, face-to-face knowledge sharing in the digital age. “Resources like YouTube are incredibly influential,” he continued, “but we are becoming over-saturated by screens and I see that people are finally reaching a tipping point.” But skillsharing isn’t just a movement away from technology—it’s also a movement toward mature social and intellectual engagement. To drive this
point home, Dallas recalled for me a moment of revelation during one of his group’s skillsharing sessions. “I was talking with a mother of two young children after one of our classes,” said Dallas. “She told me, ‘I’m with little kids all day. I want to use my brain. I want to get out and exercise that part of me.’ ” Both Dallas and Paul connected with the student’s need. While one works as an artist and a generalist, and the other as a niche specialist in the medical field, each man empathizes with the adult need for intellectual engagement or just plain fun. It’s not uncommon, then, for such skillsharing groups to touch on topics ranging from how to stock your home bar to calligraphy to landscaping. My own DIY group has similar eclectic tastes with a focus on homesteading skills. After our initial brainstorming session, we came together to make soap, which
chance to present our gardens. I call it the show-and-tell-off. People love to show their gardens.” Meetings are also a time to share specific gardening skills like making seed starter pots from newspaper or sharpening tools. And they use group momentum for the harder tasks—the “old many hands make light work” mentality— and join forces to shovel compost or turn garden beds. Like my own skillshare group, the Garden Group operates via a simple email list, with meeting announcements also listed on a open-access group website. Interest in the Garden Group extends from Ogden to Lehi, with nearly 80 people on the email list, but participation is much more modest with anywhere from five to twenty people showing at a gathering. Giving yet another unique spin to the skillshare idea, the inspiration for the Garden Group, a branch of the international Transitions proj-
Skillsharing isn’t just a move away from technology—it’s also a move toward mature social and intellectual engagement. turned out to be a simple, yet dangerous, process since we made ours with lye. The second meeting, at my own house, focused on bread and now we all wait expectantly for the next meeting, which promises a lesson on milking goats. Building solar dehydrators, jam-making and meatcuring are also on our list of desired activities. skillsharing can be anything participants want it to be. Less interested in generalist knowledge, Salt Lake’s Garden Group, familiar to some by its former name the Sustainable Foods group, focuses the concept on a single hobby, gardening. These gardening enthusiasts gather monthly to share potluck meals, labor in the garden and helpful tips and techniques. I caught up with organizer Jim French on a recent afternoon to talk a little about garden skills sharing. “It’s pretty informal,” Jim told me. “We do meetings at a new person’s house every time so we each get a
ect, comes from Transition’s firm environmental ideology. As Jim explained, “The idea is that in the foreseeable future we are going to stop having a cheap source of fuel. We might as well start preparing for that in a joyous way. We need to start working together now, creating small and more personal communities that we can depend on and food systems that don’t depend on transportation.” Fuel isn’t the only thing that Jim hopes people won’t depend on. As unofficial organizer of the Garden Group, he also hopes to see new and independent gardening groups starting all over the valley and the Wasatch front. “My mantra is ‘plan on your own obsolescence’, ” he joked. “But really, people need to take this thing and make it their own.” And that’s some great advice for all skillsharing in any form. u Katherine Pioli fights fires in the summer, raises heritage fowl in the 9th & 9th area, and writes for CATALYST.
Photography by Kaylee Evenson
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FOOD AND COMMUNITY
The little co-op that could â€” with a little cooperation The Wasatch Cooperative Market recently hit the halfway mark on its founding membership goal. What exactly is a grocery co-op, and why would you want to participate? BY BENJAMIN BOMBARD
Thanks to the Wasatch Cooperative Market board of directors who modeled for this story.
art by Addie Ryder
ou stroll through the sliding glass doors and fumble for the grocery list at the bottom of your reusable bag. Immediately, you have the sense that something’s different in this store. Friends told you that would be the case. You can’t put a finger on it, but, yeah, something is definitely different here. You push your shopping cart through the produce aisles. There are the usual price tags on the potatoes and tomatoes and corn and apples and all the other fruits and veggies. Next to a lot of the tags are small signs with photos and descriptions of actual farms and farmers. You look around and realize that these farms and farmers are located pretty close to here and they produce much of the delicious food surrounding you. In the bulk section, you find recipes for how to prepare stuff you’ve never had the nerve to try— bulgur wheat, mung beans, hominy, quinoa. And you never knew so many cheese and dairy products were produced in these parts; but there they are, displayed on the dairy section’s shelves. You wend your way through the frozen-food section, past the bakery (with locally baked sticky buns) and the butchery (you sample the locally made sausage) and through the health and beauty section. On your way to the checkout stand, you notice what’s really different in here is the lighting. The lighting and the smiling faces it illuminates around you make you feel comfortable here. And here comes a smiling face now. A store employee sees you staring up at the lighting fixtures and says, “Welcome to the co-op! Can I help you find something?” * In 47 of the 50 United States—and no, Utah is not among them—there are stores like this. They are called cooperative markets. They are member-owned and democratically controlled, meaning their customers are also their investors, and each investor wields a vote in the organization, each investor receives some manner of return on their investment in a profitable year at the store, and each investor gets to walk into their grocery store and say, “I own a piece of this.” Along with farmers markets, cooperative grocery markets are the ideal business model for the
current foodie movement. They have regular grocery store hours, a friendly “corner-store” vibe, wellpaid, well-benefited and often happy employees, and they focus on selling high-quality, natural, healthy, sustainable foods, goods and merchandise, with a strong emphasis on locally produced items. An average co-op market buys goods from roughly 150 local producers; conventional stores contract with fewer than half that number. Unlike nearly all other business models, structured as they are around one essentially vapid “philosophy”—maximizing profit for shareholders —classic co-ops are defined by their adherence to seven guiding principles: voluntary and open membership; democratic member control; member econom-
count, there are approximately 325 cooperative grocery stores in the US, with another 200 in development. Even Wyoming, with a population half as large as Salt Lake City’s, has a co-op—in Bozeman, population 38,000. An effort is currently underway to get Utah off the list of the three states— Oklahoma and Alaska, included— that currently don’t boast a true cooperative market. The Wasatch Cooperative Market doesn’t yet have a storefront
An average co-op market buys goods from roughly 150 local producers; conventional stores contract with fewer than half that number. ic participation; autonomy and independence; education, training and information; cooperation among cooperatives; and concern for community. They have the interests of the environment and community at heart. They also serve as incubators for local farmers and added-value food producers: think salsa makers, cookie bakers and hummus gurus. According to one
or employees or food to sell, but since the co-op was founded in 2009, 200 Utahns, from Draper to Logan, have recognized the need for a cooperative grocery store in the capital city and they’ve made the one-time $300 investment necessary to become a founding member-owner. The Co-op’s board members have set a goal of bringing onboard 400 member-owners by July 2013. The group received a much-needed boost from two recent $10,000 grants awarded to it by the Utah State Legislature and an independent consulting group, but it has struggled to find the necessary number of investors to complete its initial development and move on to choosing a store location. * The idea of co-op markets may be foreign to many Utahns, but the concept is nothing new across much of the western world. Indeed, they’ve became so influential in the global economy that the U.N. declared 2012 the International Year of Cooperatives. That’s big pretty big billing for a business model that traces its humble roots back to the year 1844, when a small group of im-
poverished weavers and other works in Rochdale, England, decided they’d had enough with the encroaching poverty foisted upon them by the encroachment of the Industrial Revolution. Barely able to afford the staple food items they needed to survive, the 30 tradesmen banded together as the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers to open their own store where they could sell foodstuffs at reasonable prices and pay workers a reasonable wage. The Rochdale Pioneers laid out the seven principles that guide successful cooperative businesses to this day. Within three months, they had made enough profit to expand their selection and were soon known for providing goods of the highest quality. What began as a humble community store in north-central England has burgeoned into more than 5,000 storefronts selling everything from food to insurance, electricity, legal services, even funeral care. The cooperative movement thrived in Europe, and was injected with new life in the United States in the 1970s when the “second wave” cooperatives were formed by people who, faced with the growth of commercially manufactured foods and diminishing local crops, wanted access to natural and organic foods outside of the national grocery chain stores. From 1969 to 1979, 10,000 new food co-ops were established in this country. At first glance, Utah may appear bereft of co-ops. But have you ever shopped at an Ace Hardware store? Or bought gear at REI? Have you ever spread Land ’O Lakes butter on your toast or poured yourself a glass of Sunkist orange juice or tossed a
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handful of Blue Diamond Almonds into your mouth? Is your car or house covered by Nationwide Insurance? Yep, they’re all co-ops, member-owned and operated. And did you ever shop at ZCMI, the Zions Cooperative Mercantile Institution, Utah’s first co-op? Faced with the imminent completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, Brigham Young rounded up community and business leaders to organize a community-owned department store dedicated to supporting local manufacturing and sharing profits with the Mormon community. * Alan Stutz, currently acting chair of the Wasatch Cooperative Market’s board, has been involved with the organization since its inception five years ago. He came to Salt Lake City from California in 2007, and one of his first upon arriving was, “Where’s the grocery co-op?” Two years later, he and Salt Lake native Ben Gaddis jump-started the Wasatch Community Co-op, hoping to catch a spark with Wasatch Front residents. Member-ownership in the Co-op carries a one-time $300 price tag, although the group stresses that money is an investment, not a fee. It is technically a for-profit organization, and in a profitable year the by-laws require it to disburse a minimum of 20% of its profits to member-owners as dividends. How large a dividend a given member-owner receives depends on how much they shop at the market. Being member-owned, coops can be slow in developing, especially in areas unfamiliar with the concept of a co-op grocery market. It takes time to disseminate the idea and to convince people that it is indeed a good idea, even in tough economic times, to invest several hundred dollars in a market that can’t put food on your table today. And a coop can’t exist without the financial support of visionary founding member-owners. It takes at least five years, on average, for a co-op to get from the development phases to its grand opening. “You get out what you put in,” Stutz says of the group’s development efforts. He and a handful of new and potential member-owners were at a potluck dinner held by the Co-op. While the group can’t currently offer food on store shelves to its member-owners, it strives to cultivate community around food and local businesses: member-owners can show their Co-op member cards at several area storefronts and restaurants to receive a discount. Stutz and member-owner Alison Riley were seated at a kitchen table in the home of Barbara Pioli, the Co-op’s development coordinator. Riley, who’s never stepped foot in a co-op grocery store, listened intently as Stutz explained that “nonmember-owners will get the same off-the-shelf price as members, but the co-op will only pay out profits to member-owners. So there’s a direct incentive for co-op members to shop at the market.”
FOOD AND COMMUNITY
* Perhaps it would be more accurate to say there will be an incentive when there’s a physical market to shop at. “That’s the number one question we’re asked: Where’s the store?” Stutz said, with a note of frustration. “I get the feeling from a lot of people that they’ll invest once the doors open.” The Co-op’s board members calculate they need to bring on 400 founding member-owners to complete a feasibility study that will help pinpoint potential locations for the 10,000square foot market they currently envision. They arrived at that store size on the advice of a consultant who emphasized that any smaller, and the store wouldn’t be able to service a community as large as Salt Lake’s. It’s understandably difficult for some new investors to put money into a store that doesn’t even exist, but at which they’ll be expecting to shop. Once a suitable location for the store has been pinpointed, board members expect the response will be, “That’s the perfect location,” or maybe, “It’s a little out of the way, but we could make it work.” * Food-buying clubs, run cooperatively, have been around Salt Lake City for decades. In the January 2004 CATALYST, we noted that there was a moratorium on forming new buying clubs in the valley because the distributor that supplied local coops also supplied Wild Oats (since purchased by Whole Foods) and did not wish to further impinge on the retailer’s market. Several food-related organizations in the Salt Lake Valley have “co-op” in their names. While these businesses may provide valuable services to the community and the producers they contract with, they do not adhere to the seven guiding principles that define a cooperative. Community supported agriculture (CSA) associations are sometimes mistaken for cooperatives, to, but they are not. Classic co-op grocery stores, such as the Boise Co-op, the Community Food Co-op in Bozeman, Montana, or the very successful Wheatsville Co-op in Austin, Texas, keep regular grocery store hours and offer a dependable year-round market for local goods and produce. * Stutz said he had expected the Wasatch Cooperative Market would have signed up enough member-owners to afford the feasibility study by now, four years into the group’s development phase. The good majority of the Co-op’s founding members reside in and around downtown Salt Lake, which is where Stutz says the market will in all likelihood be located. “People need to see a business plan,” argued Denise, another Co-op member-owner at the potluck dinner.
Classic co-ops are defined by their adherence to seven guiding principles:
• voluntary and open membership • democratic member control • member economic participation • autonomy and independence • education, training and information • cooperation among cooperatives • concern for community
She said there’s a vast influx of new Salt Lake residents who relocated to the area from more progressive regional cities—like Boise, Eugene and the Bay Area—where co-ops are a way of life for many socially conscious city dwellers. “There are a lot of people who moved here from out of town and they belonged to co-ops where they were before, and they want one here. They have the money and they want to do this,” she said, “but they need to understand why this one will work.” If all goes as planned, the Co-op’s business plan might be drawn up and that feasibility study could be conducted sooner rather than later. The $20,000 grants it has recently received will help pay for both those projects and cover the wage of
“We’re not dragging our feet, but people keep asking us when we’re going to open, and we tell them: ‘When you become a member-owner.’” a paid communications intern. The only catch is that same niggly one the group has contended with for years: They need more member-owners. They need investment money from people eager for Utah to finally terraform its co-op desert. As Stutz put it, the co-op is past the point of no return, and it will happen in one form or another. He laid it out plainly for Riley as they sat at the kitchen table. “We may not get the store size we want, and I don’t know if we’re going to open next year or in five years. It totally depends on growing member-ownership. We’re not dragging our feet, but people keep asking us when we’re going to open, and we tell them: when you become a member-owner.” Utahns are no strangers to cooperative organization. We are, after all, the Beehive State, and the dominant Mormon culture puts a premium on volunteerism and community building, and the larger social framework is shot through with a thorough understanding of the importance of working together. If Stutz is right and the Co-op’s doors do in fact open sometime in the future, it will provide Utahns with a living link to the legacy of the Rochdale weavers, the heritage of ZCMI, and a deeper connection good, honest, naturally produced and local food. And when its doors finally open, its founding member-owners will be able to proudly proclaim, “I helped build that.” u In the course of writing this article, Benjamin R. Bombard became a member, and then a board member, of the Wasatch Cooperative Market. He is a co-producer of RadioWest on KUER 90.1 and writes a blog, “Fowl Play,” for the CATALYST Weekly Reader.
For more information on the Wasatch Community Cooperative, how to join, and to be informed of upcoming events: WASATCH.COOP, QUESTIONS@WASATCH.COOP.
Exploring human energy and endocrine anatomy: Chakra Two Here’s the skinny on sex hormones BY TODD MANGUM, M.D.
he chakras are a metaphysical system of the body from the yogic tradition, used in both religious and medical Hindu and Buddhist canons. The chakra energy centers are usually depicted as seven lotuses of rainbow colors arrayed along the spine and up into the head. Understanding of this system has long been used both to heal illness and to promote spiritual enlightenment. Todd Mangum, M.D.’s series on the chakras explains how this conceptual framework can be used to expand our understanding of how our bodies work. He covers the traditional and contemporary interpretations of the chakra system corresponding to various systems of the body. To be healthy is to have a free and balanced flow of energy through the body. Engaging this powerful symbolic system can help us to achieve and maintain health in a far more nuanced and active way than Western medicine can by itself.
The second chakra is associated with pleasure, sensations and sexuality. Location: in the pelvis. Governs: sexuality and desires. Main issue: involves the ability to experience pleasure and sensation, especially as these relate to sexuality. Externalizes: as the ovaries in women and the testicles in men. Element: water. When balanced: we feel sensuous. Color: a harmonic of orange. Key words: fluidity, change, polarity, movement, sensation, emotion. Influences: sacrum, pelvis, lower abdomen, genitals, gonads, prostate, uterus, kidneys and bladder. Deficiencies: manifest as an inability to derive pleasure through the senses, a fear of sexual intimacy or a belief that earthly sensual pleasure is evil and should be denied. Excesses: lead to seeking pleasure in addictive ways. Imbalances: manifest physically as impotence, frigidity, any gynecological problem, PMS, prostatitis, lower back pain especially at lumbosacral joint, urinary tract infections and cancers of any associated structures.
Wildness and wilderness Chakra two, the sacral chakra, is the source of passionate emotions. It embodies our innate inner wildness. When this wildness has been
repressed, we will often seek to destroy its external counterpart, wilderness, for it is too painful to have mirrored back to us from nature the freedom and beauty that we have denied within ourselves. Where this wilderness once was we construct strip malls, amusement parks and zoos, so someone else can sell back to us inferior imitations of our intended birthright. Emotions are the source of our indomitable power. Emotions, like rivers, are literally Energy in Motion which, when dammed, stagnate and build up pressure, eventually exploding and damaging everything within their paths . When the second chakra is balanced, one has a healthy relationship to pleasure, neither denying nor overindulging in it. The body will be supple, with fluid, smooth movements. Emotions will flow like those of a small child, seamlessly moving from anger to joy to fear to sadness without judgment, restriction or depression
Androgens, estrogens and progesterone The endocrine glands governed by the second chakra are the testicles and the ovaries, both of which produce androgens, estrogens and progesterone. Both men and women suffer from imbalances and insufficiencies of these hormones. A monthly menstrual cycle and the bells and whistles of menopauserelated problems experienced by women much more obvious than those experienced by men. The equivalent of menopause in men is called andropause. Andropause is the result of declining levels of class of steroid hormones called androgens. Like the estrogens, which are an ensemble of feminizing hormones, androgens are a medley of masculinizing hormones. Of the androgens, testosterone is unquestionably the most notorious. Testosterone is also an anabolic steroid hormone which means it promotes the building of bone and
muscle. It also positively impacts one’s mood, energy level and sense of well being. It is most renowned for its powerful effects upon libido and virility. DHEA and androstenedione are also androgens but are less potent. Testosterone begins to decline in men usually in their 40s or 50s. Compared to the hormonal roller coaster ride of menopause, andropause is often an uneventful and slow but steady hormonal downward slide. Symptoms of testosterone deficiency include fatigue, depression, apathy, diminished mental acuity, loss of sexual function and desire, decreasing muscle mass and increasing fat. Low testosterone also results in a loss of resilience, flexibility and endurance. Joint aches, muscle pains, stiffness and risk of injury increase. Both men and women of any age may experience problems related to imbalanced levels of not only testosterone but of estrogens and progesterone as well. Estrogens refer to an entire class of hormones, some of which occur naturally and many of which do not. This critical distinction is often blurry to both modern medicine and the media. Estrogens promote secondary sexual development in women. Estrogens are more dominant in the first two weeks of a woman’s menstrual cycle and prepare her body to get pregnant. The prominent estrogens in women are estradiol, estrone and estriol. Estradiol is the most potent of these hormones and the one most likely to be prescribed to menopausal women. Even estradiol has proven to be problematic because it has been prescribed in isolation or with Provera. Neither regimen provides the proper hormonal balance. Progesterone is not the name of a class of steroid hormones like estrogen is, but is a single specific hormone. Progesterone promotes gestation—in other words it maintains a healthy pregnancy, as you can deduce from its name. Progesterone’s other beneficial effects include protecting against fibrocystic breasts, acting as a natural diuretic, helping burn fat for energy, protecting against endometrial and breast cancer and protecting against and even reversing osteoporosis. Progesterone acts to both balance and enhance the effects of estrogen. Labeling estrogens bad and progesterone good would be as ridiculous as labeling the brake in your car good and the gas pedal bad. One without the other would either
Xenoestrogens (manmade chemicals with potent estrogenic properties), stress, nutritional deficiencies, disturbed or deficient sleep and obesity negatively impact hormonal levels. be a disaster or a standstill. The balance between these two hormone classes is as important as their actual levels. This applies to both hormones generated internally and those acquired through replacement therapy. Too much estrogen relative to progesterone creates a host of problems which include weight gain, PMS, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, breast tenderness, headaches, leg cramps, gallstones, high blood pressure, blood clots, nausea, fluid retention and an increased risk of endometrial and breast cancer. Too much progesterone relative to estrogen causes its own set of problems, which include depression, fatigue, somnambulence and breast tenderness as well.
Appropriate—and inappropriate—supplementation Decades of using synthetic versions of testosterone, estrogen and progesterone in a variety of inappropriate ways combined with faulty reasoning has generated a plethora of modern myths which do not apply to balanced and biologically appropriate hormone treatments. One such myth is that testosterone is hard on the liver and quite dangerous. If this were true, our hospitals would be full of virile young men in their teens and early 20s as their testosterone peaks. Conventional medical doctors have known for decades that progesterone counters the negative effects that excessive estrogens can cause throughout a woman’s system. With consistent use of inappropriate hormones like Provera, however, this knowledge dwindled to the myth that progesterone only protects the uterus and is therefore unnecessary if a woman has had a hysterectomy Many options are available for both men and women today besides choosing between inappropriate hormones or none at all. Bioidentical estrogens, progesterone and testosterone are available from not only compounding pharmacies but conventional ones as well. “Bioidentical” is the term that most accurately describes these hormones. Since they are synthesized in a lab from wild yam or soy
they are not, technically, all natural. Unlike conjugated estrogens and Provera, however, which are also derived from soy or wild yam, bioidentical hormones are exact replicas of those found in humans. Premarin, on the other hand, is far from bioidentical for women, though it is all natural, coming from pregnant mares’ urine. A few carefully selected bioidentical hormones can potentially treat numerous diseases as well as provide a variety side benefits instead of side effects.
How to maintain a healthy second chakra To keep a healthy hormonal balance, eat organic food whenever it’s available. Many pesticides are xenoestrogens—manmade chemicals with potent estrogenic properties. Xenoestrogens are endocrine disrupters which negatively impact both the levels and the functions of numerous hormones and are deleterious to almost every creature on earth. Stress, nutritional deficiencies, disturbed or deficient sleep and obesity also negatively impact hormonal levels. For women, foods containing phytoestrogens like soy can counter some of estrogen’s stimulatory effects. Many herbal preparations have hormonal stimulating and balancing properties. For men, saw palmetto berries prevent the conversion of testosterone into a hormone known to promote prostate problems and male pattern baldness. Other ways to maintain a healthy second chakra: Practice yoga, focusing on postures that free up the pelvis such as pelvic rocks and hip circles. Spend time in and around water. Drink a lot of water. Sit by a river watching its grace and power. Go to the ocean and let the waves baptize you. Take a bubble bath by candlelight. Go dancing alone or with someone you love. Visit some of the 774,520 million acres of wilderness in Utah. u Todd Mangum, MD, is director of the Web of Life Wellness Center in downtown Salt Lake City.
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CATALYSTMAGAZINE.NET Art, Health, Spirit, Natural World, Music, Events/Festivals, Meetings, Exhibits, Education/Workshops. See the full list of events and the ongoing calendar at www.catalystmagazine.net/events See website for full list of events: classes, workshops, hikes and adventures!
Great Salt Lake Bird Festival, May 16-20. GREATSALTLAKEBIRDFEST.ORG
28th Annual Living Traditions Festival Wave goodbye to winter and celebrate the launch of Salt Lake’s outdoor event season with three days of food, music, dance and crafts honoring the diversity and cultural traditions of our community. Local ethnic
BY LACEY ELLEN KNIEP
ready access to herbs for you and your family’s first aid needs. Herbal First Aid, May 4, 10a-12p. Day-Riverside Library-Tree Utah’s Eco Garden, 1575 W 1000 N. $20. WASATCHGARDENS.ORG
“Beer, Blues & Brats”
This month’s fundraiser: Come help’em get it up (the new Element 11 Center Camp & Stage) and get down with happy shiny people in Utah’s Burner Community.
Support Crossroads Urban Center—the nonprofit, grassroots organization that aids disadvantaged Utahns with critical needs. Beers, brats and more will be served during live music by The Number Ones and The Fourteenth Ward. Rubber Room School of Dance belly dancers will also perform.
CATALYST First Thursdays, May 2, 8p-1a. Zest, 275 S 200 W. $5. ELEMENT11.ORG
Beer, Blues & Brats, May 5, 2-6p. The Community Co-op, 1756 S 700 W. $45 (donation). CROSSROADSURBANCENTER.ORG
CATALYST First Thursdays! @ Zest
Make your own herbal first aid kit
RDT’s Ring Around The Rose — Samba Fogo A wiggle-friendly series of performances for children and families that explores the arts of dance, theatre, music and storytelling. Learn all about Brazilian dances and rhythms with the dancers of Samba Fogo. Rdt’s Ring Around the Rose, May 11, 11a. Rose Wagner Performing Arts Center, 138 W 300 S. $5. RDTUTAH.ORG
People’s Market A community farmers and artisans market held each Sunday in Jordan Park near the entrance to the International Peace Gardens. The market features local produce, beautiful local crafts and performances by local musicians and other performers.
Make a tin of calendula salve and learn about other plants you can find or grow in your vegetable and flower gardens to have a
People’s Market, May 12-Oct 20, Sundays 9a-2p. International Peace Gardens, 1000 S 900 W. Free admission. SLCPEOPLESMARKET.ORG
Scandi Fest 2013 Sample a taste of traditional Scandinavian folk culture led by three accomplished instructors from the Seattle area. Dance workshops will feature fun mixers, easy couple dances, and the beautiful Bingsjo Polska.
Photography installation by Carol Koleman Check out CATALYST’S own Carol Koleman photography installation at Finch Lane Gallery. Koleman, who also had a solo exhibit at Finch Lane in 2005, is the recipient of a Utah Arts Council Traveling Exhibit award and was a Ruttenberg Award finalist. Carol Koleman exhibit, May 3-June 14, 9a-5p. Opening reception, May 3, 6-8p. Finch Lane Gallery, 1325 E 100 S. SLCGOV.COM/ARTS
Scandi Fest 2013, May 10-11, Fri-7:30-9:30p, Sat-9a-4p. The Columbus Center, 2531 S 400 E. $12-$30. SALTLAKESCANDIDANCE.ORG
15th Annual Great Salt Lake Bird Festival Kevin Karlson, author, birder and shorebird expert will speak May 18. In addition to giving the keynote address, Kevin will also guide a few fieldtrips and sign books.
Empty Bowls Utah The sale of a single handmade bowl can mean eight meals for people in need. Check out this sale of over 700 locally made and donated bowls to benefit the St. Vincent de Paul Dining Hall. Soup, bread, live music and a bowl to take home will be provided. Empty Bowls Utah, May 4, 12-4p. St. Vincent de Paul, 437 W 200 S. $15. EMPTYBOWLSUTAH.ORG
craftspeople, chefs, dancers and musicians will share their insights on techniques, styles, tools and materials used in their respective art forms, many of which are centuries old. Living Traditions Festival, May 17-19, Fri-5-10p, Sat-12-10p, Sun-12-7p. Salt Lake City and County Building, 450 S 200 E. Free. LIVINGTRADITIONSFESTIVAL.COM
Gem, Mineral and Fossil Show Wheel of Fortune, slabs, silent auction, door prizes, more. Gem, Mineral & Fossil Show, May 17-19, 10a-6p. Salt Lake Co. Equestrian Park and Events Center, 2100 W 11400 S. $2. WASATCHGEMSOCIETY.COM
Sahaja meditation Recharge your batteries in minutes. Discover ways to manage stress, master your emotions and find solutions to your problems. Sahaja Meditation, May 18, 2-3p. Sandy Library, 10100 Petunia Way. Free. SLCOLIBRARY.ORG
Moab Arts Festival Enjoy live music performed on the center stage throughout the weekend. Kids tent for acitivities, food vendors and artwork for sale. Pottery, wall hangings, welded art, photography, jewelry and many surprises. Moab Arts Festival, May 25-26, 10a-4p. Swanny City Park, 100 W 400 N. MOABARTSFESTIVAL.ORG
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THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH DEPARTMENT OF MODERN DANCE AND ART FORMS, INC. PRESENT TANDY BEAL AND COMPANY IN
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