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C I N E MATI C C O M M O N S CATALINA - IOANA TUDOR YEAR 2 DESIGN STUDIO PORTFOLIO 4 STUDENT ID: 77176482 WEBSITE: catalinatudor.com

LEEDS BECKETT UNIVERSITY TUTOR: SARAH MILLS


C O NTE NTS

D ES I G N ST U D I O 4 : 1. Site Location 2. Gion area - Kyoto proposed Axo 3. Moments - Matsuri Festival 4. Phase I Joinery School 5. Moments - specialist timber store workshop 6. Moments - Matsuri Festival and performances 7. Ground floor plan 8. First floor plan 9. Second floor plan 10. Third floor plan 11. Forth floor plan 12. Phase II Theatre intervention 13. Moments - Matsuri Festival and performances 14. Exposing the performances 15. Forensics - House NA 16. Phase III Accommodation 17. Ongoing Building 18. Apartment typologies 19. Experiencing the space 20. Moments - Changing townscape 21. Narrative w e b s i te : c a t a l i n a t u d o r. c o m vimeo: https://vimeo.com/ctudor


Brief

My design thesis is represented by The Gion Workshop which is a Creative Hub that reappropriates two dilapidated sites in Kyotos historical Gion Area, responding to issues of the Craft community, aiming to support the Kyoto based artists, who are suffering from lack of studio space, suitable exhibition space, affordable housing, focusing on the wood craft community, as well as aiding in the training of the new generations in the art of traditional Japanese Joinery. The programme outlines 3 key stages to the project’s overall development which are: The project begins with the construction of the Woodcraft School that specialises on traditional Japanese joinery. With the skills acquired in the workshops the artists together with the community can help build the second stage of the programme. Also some key elements of the Workshop will be built after the building is constructed, such as the ‘hidden rooms’ inspired by the traditional Machiya houses and bespoke furniture built in the traditional way, by doing so , there elements will have both functional and will be further used as teaching spaces or relaxation spaces as well as live examples of the technique taught in this particular school. The second stage involves the theatre located at the rear of the School, where the aim is to allow the performances to be transparent to the public. Carving into the theatre as well as inserting additional facilities necessary to the school and theatre. The theatre will facilitate an additional workshop that will serve as storing and maintenance for the Gion Matsuri Float, as well as an in-house workshop for maintenance and crafting of sets. As a final stage the school will help build the accommodation for the students, by using traditional joinery elements as detailing features of the apartments. I will also speculate a 5-10 year plan where I propose to revitalise the area and bring it back to its formal glory, restaurating so me of the more modern influenced copies of the Machiya (townhouses) that have started to be embedded into this area’s fabric. My design thesis questions if the area should remain frozen in time and if so, what traditional aspect should be maintained and why. After investigating the area both before the trip to Kyoto and on site I have discovered that although most buildings preserve their outer appearance, the interior characteristics and principles of Machiyas have been altered and are un recognisable today. Even though the area is highly touristic most buildings are either restaurants tourist accommodation or high-end shops. Rather than just designing as another copy to add to this urban grain of copies I investigated how I could reinterpret while retaining some of the original properties of the townhouses while integrating traditional wood working techniques, white the hopes of returning this neighbourhood to it’s formal glory, by teaching the community the art of Japanese traditional joinery in order to aid in the maintenance of these buildings while keeping this craft alive.


Hanamiko ji Dori

Site Location scale 1:250

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Âą 0.00 Main Access

Back Access + 3.00

Key:

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shop theatre accommodation

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cafe traditional restaurant green space 1. Gion Corner


G I O N A R EA - KYOTO [ P R O P O S E D ] scale 1:200


Moments - Matsuri Festival

Busy Gion Town during the Matsuri Festival, animated with people, lanterns, and the festival float that go through the streets.

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Phase I Joinery School

Section A-A

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The Traditional Joinery school offers a 3 different programs for the community, students and tourists. The programmes are designed to offer from basic knowledge to a more advanced hands on approach by offering their students a chance to participate in the changing of the community. The workshops will provide the students with the ability to tackle Sashimono Wood joineries that will be used in the following project Phases, in the theatre and the building of the accommodation buildings.


Moments - Specialist timber store room w orkshop

The view represents the specialist timber store room, this room will store timber for the workshops as well as other bespoke elements obtained salvaged from the demolished Machiya buildings around Kyoto. During the Matsuri festival it will also act as a Maintenance space for the festival floats, as well as store some of the elements for these floats through the year.

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Moments - Matsuri Festival and perfor mances

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Ground Floor plan Scale 1:200

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N Key: 1. Genkan 2. Toriniwa 3. Courtyard Garden (Tsuboniwa) 4. Engawa 5. Tea Room 6. Exhibition 7. Shop 8. Reception 9. Preparation room 10. Craft Workshop 11. Courtyard Garden (Tsuboniwa)

Tsuboniwa (Courtyard garden)

Depth Shoji Screen

Located between the front shop and dwelling, it provides pleasant view to the occupant.

Suggest the idea of Oku (as proposed by Fumihiko Maki). Oku means a certain depth created by inducing vacancy through layering, whereby it can invite people to move forward and search deeper.

Asymmetry circulation (Oku Concept) • Jagged routes, which never reveals the entire view of the end of the building

The Shoji screen create this vacancy of veiling the bare interior to the exterior in a vague silhouette and vice versa, in a diffused soft light. Facade is usually the most proficient way of making a statement of a building’s identity, but at here, OKU is the building’s image, soft, subtle and vacant for imagination and interpretation to be unfilled.


First Floor plan Scale 1:200

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Key: 1. Shop 2. Storage 3. Female Wc 4. Craft workshop 5. Heavy machinery 6. Courtyard Garden Extension (Tsuboniwa) 7. Engawa 8. Theatre opened wall 9. Wood Warehouse and Matsuri Float Workshop 10. Male changing room 11.Female changing room 12. Toilets

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Second Floor plan Scale 1:200

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Key: 1. Library 2. Male WC 3. Craft Workshops 4. Storage 5. Kitchen & Staff room 6. Staff Changing Room 7. Balcony in theatre 8. Store


Th i r d F l o o r p l a n Scale 1:200

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Key: 1. Teaching 2. Teaching/ Creakout space 3. Teaching/ Creakout space 4. Roof terrace outdoor theatre 5. Courtyard Garden 6. Theatre set workshop 7. Stage extension 8. Store

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Forth Floor plan Scale 1:200

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N Key: 1. Common space and kitchen area 2. Additional sleeping area 3. Bedroom 4. Shower room 5. Toilet


P h a s e I I Th ea t r e i n te r v e n t i o n

Section A’-A

scale 1:100

Phase II seeks to carve into the existing fabric of Gion Theatre, by exposing performances to the public. The performances can be viewed from both sides either from inside the theatre space or through the proposed opening and extension of the stage. I have intervened in the theatre space by reinterpreting the Kabuki theatre and treating the space similar to a piece of furniture, using traditional joinery methods that don’t require any nuts and bolts. The works on the space will be carried out by the specialists from the Joinery school together with the students, thus creating a hands on learning environment and contributing to the historical community of Gion town.


Moments - Matsuri Festival and perfor mances

The view describes the busy and animated atmosphere in the month of July during the Matsuri festival. During the festival the Wood Joinery school will facilitate the building and maintenance of the Festival Floats. As a result of this cultural hub, the festival route will be extended to the reach the Gion theatre, where performances will take place throught the festival.

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Ex p o s i n g t h e Pe r fo r m a n c es


Forensis House NA, Sou Fujimoto

I have chose House NA as a precedent because it rejects the standard spatial units, such as room and storeys and focuses on the layering of small iregular spaces, which results in an interesting space that is a hybrid of both different rooms and open plan. The structure changes are in some cases judged by the furniture scale, however this allows the user to engage with the structure in multiple ways. The fuctions of the spaces are also dictated by the user and not the architecture, platformes can be used as chairs or tables, depending on ones desire.

The two sections best indicate the layering of the platforms and the freedom of movement through the space .


Phase III Accommodaton

Section B-B

scale 1:100

The accommodation represents a temporary living space for the duration of the course. The apartments are treated as a community and are meant for multiple occupancy, the aim is for the students of the joinery school to interact with one another, creating a tight knit community that will be maintained even after the people have moved out. This approach aims to create a network for specialists in this field.


Phase III Accommodaton Ongoing building

The accommodation will be built as the third stage of the project with the help of the Joinery school and the people participating in the workshops. By using the workshop facilities, students will have the opportunity to put to practice the techniques learned in the classes.

There will be 3 apartment typologies, each apartment accommodation between 5 and 7 people depending on the type. This proposal will consist in a number of 6 apartments and they will be slowly built one by one. Each apartment start to accommodate people as soon as it is finished.

All apartments are treated a piece of furniture, similar to the traditional Machiya houses, using traditional joinery techniques. The construction will also integrate timber elements from dismantled Machiyas, throught the city of Kyoto, partnering up with companies such as Maruyoshi Co. which deals with selling wood flooring and reused old timber as natural resource. Due to the fact that the traditional wooden temples and houses of Kyoto were sustainable as they were built to last. If maintained correctly the structures could be sustained for 200 years or more. However, times have changed and a lot of these valuable architecture

structures have been and are continuing to be destroyed and the wood materials are being wasted. This is due to the change in lifestyle, moving away from traditions and embracing the modern ‘throwaway ‘mentality, these ‘ancient treasures’ will be incorporated with the elements designed in the joinery school, in the building of this accommodation building, thus incorporating tradition and history in the fabric of the building.


Apartment typologies scale 1:50

Apartment type A

Apartment type B

Apartment type C All the apartment typologies have been treated as a piece of furniture using Sashimono Joinery techniques. The meaning of Sasimono is characterised by putting two pieces of wood without nails. Techniques used to design through rip, bend, join and carve the numerous components and pieces, it’s characterised by a natural finish that captures the full beauty of the natural grain.

First floor

Second floor

Ground floor

First floor

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Phase III Accommodaton Ex p e r i e n c i n g t h e s pa c e


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M o m e n t s - C h a n g i n g To w n s c a p e

A 5 to 10 year overview on how the more modern ‘Machiya’ reinterpretations will be brought back to their original glory with the help of the Joinery School and the community. The school seeks to train the community to be able to do the maintenance on their houses themselves, by doing so some of the costs will be diminished and hopefully these traditional houses will not be following the current trend of being demolished.

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Narrative 24 hours during the Matsuri Festival (July)

The day starts in one of the traditional Machiya townhouses.

Going out into the streets of Gion Town in the month of July, the streets are overflowing with people, the town is vibrant from morning to night, with imposing festival floats and paper lanterns.

workshops are connected through engawa like corridores..

Workshops are busy

Workshops are busy

the view of the opened theatre and exposed performances, combined with the workmanship on the float, catches ones eye...

The workshops are moved outside today to do some final checks and maintenance to the float , while enjoying the performances, the space created is attracting passers by.

Engawa corridores and terraces, creating community spaces

traditional inspired spaces treated as a piece of furniture

the freedomn of movement from one space to the other, multiple entrances to one apartment and level changes

levels connected by a zig zag of stairs. elevated ‘alleys’ connecting the apartments

From inside the Joinery school coridores...

layering of spaces and functions and transparencies

connections through stairs and ladders comunal spaces, connections

sleaping

space

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next to the theatre students are busy doing final touches to a float, some components must be replaced and will be chosen from the specialist elements in this store room.

Inside the workshop people are busy learning the trait, having clear example in the tansu starcases and the above lecture room...

the animated space between the joinery school and accommodation building

the exposed rooms that don’t require an outer shell, taken inspiration from the traditional layering of spaces from the Machiya

looking further in the future end of the day in the layered speaping spaces

5-10 years plan to restore the area to its origina glory

Fure perspective of the changing of the neighbourhood, restoring some more modern insertions to the traditional buildings, by exagerating some of their features.

Design Studio 4  
Design Studio 4  
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