number 002. January 2014
CONTENTS published CARTIF Research Centre Boecillo Technology Park. Valladolid, Spain www.cartif.com
staff Dunia Etura, Ana García, María Parcero
collaborations Construction and Infrastructure Area. Energy and Environment Area
photography Cover picture: CARTIF Archive Illustration: Ana García Hidalgo Back cover picture: Aníbal Reñones
One of us
EDITOR'S NOTE We began 2014 with renewed hopes. The next October will celebrate our first 20 years of existence. Two decades working to improve our economic and social environment through innovation and development. Since its beginning, CARTIF has invested in research in new technologies that help maintain and preserve our vast heritage. Therefore, this issue is dedicated to review some of the projects we have developed and have served to improve the protection and care of our Artistic and Cultural Heritage. We also analyze the progress in the WTANK project, in which CARTIF and four Spanish companies have joined forces to develop a new product that allows them to improve their position in the water trading. New modular water tanks with improved properties that may be marketed in a couple of years, represent the symbiosis between innovation and competitive advantage. This is our goal for this year 20: continue adding value to business and society.
cartif news This news selection is just a small sample of the Center activities in the last month. You can follow us through our web and social networks. CARTIF HOSTS ONE PASSIVHAUS PLATFORM EVENT This workshop was the first one dedicated to economic and financial aspects in this kind of edification. The experts exposed how it's possible to build a near zero consumption building with full warranty for the buyer, and providing all the values and opportunities involved in the construction sector. CARTIF researchers have proposed to adapt the Passivhaus standard in the energy refurbishment of historic buildings, through the European project 3ENCULT.
CARTIF, CHOSEN AS ASSOCIATED PARTICIPANT OF THE JP ON SMART CITIES This Joint Programme depends on the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA). This alliance aims to strengthen, expand and optimize EU energy research capabilities through the sharing of world-class national facilities in Europe and the joint realization of pan-European research programmes (EERA Joint Programmes). This JP is organized in different subprogrammes: bio energy, photovoltaic solar, geothermal, wind power, smart cities, etc The EERA is one of the pillars of Set Plan, road map for researching coordinate in to develop of clean technologies proposed by EU in 2007 which will help to meet the objetives of energetic policy of 2020 and 2050.
CARTIF PRESENTED LIFE PROJECT RESCATAME IN ALTERNATIVE FUTURE URBAN MOBILITY This workshop, gently organized by ASTRALE, served to share best practices in twenty innovative LIFE projects. There were also a presentation on the latest EU policy developments by HervĂŠ Martin, of LIFE Programme and Guido de Wilt, of the European Commission DG Environment Dr. Dolores Hidalgo, CARTIF researcher, explained the results of the new control strategy and urban traffic management (GCTU) based on prevention and control in real-time traffic flows that create episodes of acute pollution, developed by CARTIF
ELECTED BOARD OF SMART CITY VYP Smart City VyP it's a partnership formed by the Spanish municipalities of Valladolid and Palencia, and more than twenty companies. CARTIF handles the technical secretariat and it is the main research and technological partner. This Smart City it's a special case in the framework of Smart City topic, because met two cities working together to find projects made with the collaboration of public and private entities. Currently, the members of VyP are involved in five ongoing projects, with a total budget of 14,5 Mâ‚Ź.
FIRST SUCCESSFUL ELECTROMOBILITY ROAMING SERVICE TESTED ACROSS EUROPE With the successful implementation and testing of a Business-to-Business (B2B) IT marketplace for electromobility services, the EU-funded project Green eMotion reached an important milestone to demonstrate a Europeanwide interoperable electromobilty system. The marketplace allows energy companies, car manufacturers and charging point providers to share and integrate services on one common IT platform. CARTIF is one of the partners of Green eMotion project which is an initiative that aims to promote electromobility in several European regions.
keywords cultural and historical heritage integral management energy rehabilitation preventive conservation monitoring Spain is the third favorite destination for international tourism, according to World Tourism Competitiveness Report 2013. Our country it's known for its cultural richness and it has one of the best artistic heritages of the world. The maintenance and preservation of these assets is a work of public administrations and private entities. Technology is a useful tool to apply the preventive conservation. The goal is anticipate what might happen and act before the damage occurring.
CARTIF is one of the promoter partners of EVoCH Platform which is a European working group and permanent collaboration forum on the economic value of cultural heritage and activities to promote heritage knowledge, conservation, information and management.
CARTIF bare twelve years developing technologies applicable to cultural heritage. Among its main research lines are: three dimensional colorimetric reconstruction, laser measurement tasks and accurate virtual modeling, objective quantification of color, characterization and reproduction of artwork in different materials and scales, virtual and
augmented reality to improve the understandingÂ of historical places, the 3D polychrome reproduction, the development of security and surveillance systems, the integral management systems and the rehabilitation and energy efficiency actions.
European projects As a result of this large experience, CARTIF has participated in several projects co-financed by the EU, to develop best practices in heritage preservation. Within the POCTEP RENERPATH Project, leading by CARTIF, was established an energy rehabilitation methodology based on new and non- intrusive techniques for the energy analysis. The result was a less energy consumption in the maintenance and use of these heritage buildings and the activation of the involved sectors. CARTIF's team applied these developments to public and private heritage buildings in Spanish and Portuguese regions. FP7 Project 3ENCULT, has a different approach. This Project bridges the gap between conservation of historic buildings and climate protection, which is not an antagonism at all: historic buildings will only survive if maintained as living space. Energy efficient retrofit is useful for structural protection as well as for comfort reasons - comfort for users and "comfort" for heritage collections. 3ENCULT will demonstrate the feasibility of "Factor 4" to "Factor 10"
reduction in energy demand, depending on the case and the heritage value. CARTIF is working in the case study 7, Industrial Engineering School-BĂŠjar/Salamanca (Spain). Other ongoing project is INTERREG SUDOE SHBUILDINGS. This project responds to the need to boost R &D, competitiveness, and ensure sustainability SUDOE Space, promoting energy efficiency and efficient public management. The proposal to create a system of integrated building management requires a number of developments related to R & D relating to the sensors, Internet of things and cloud computing and will be specified in both models as new tools aimed control and decision making. The implementation of the project area will be the historic building, and it' ll generate, transferring results, increased competition between companies that use the project management system. For the whole of the conservation sector, the project will help transform intensive sector labor and low-tech, a sector supported by the latest technology. This sector accounts for almost 0.5% of GDP in Spain and clearly influences the cultural tourism sector, which is a major economic driver in the area SUDOE, and partial support adjustment in the construction sector energy orienting toward rehabilitation, the functional and towards preventive conservation. Finally better achieve the objectives of the 2020 strategy on energy efficiency applied to the building.
Virtual restoration of polychrome One of the last projects developed by CARTIF in Cultural Heritage preservation is a projection system in the emblematic Romanic church of Santa MarĂa of Mave (Palencia, Spain). The goal is to project all the paintings that are scattered in different temples of the region in the same place. This geographic has the highest concentration of Romanesque monuments in the world In most cases, the polychrome paintings that decorated heritage buildings no longer exist or are reduced to mere remnants. These facts decontextualize the sites in their historical and artistic evolution, distort the intention under which they were conceived, and hamper their accomplishment.
CARTIF coordinates the Socieconomic Strategies and Tools of the Focus Area of Cultural Heritage (FACH) of the European Construction Technology Platform (ECTP)
Current recovery methods are restricted to the stabilization of the remains in their present status, requiring a lot of completely manual work that is expensive and almost unrelated to the use of new technologies. Threedimensional digitalization and modelling is proved to be the basis for the virtual recovery of paintings in a significant edifice. To do so, CARTIF presents an innovative methodology that allows the 3D geometric information of a site (captured using a laser scanner) to be combined with specially designed 2D artistic images. The resulting 3D digital models can then be focused, with high efficiency projectors, on the equivalent area of the original site, and also used as raw material to compose a video-
projection without perspective effects to emulate, with due rigour, the primitive appearance, its evolution along time, the effects of the deterioration, or other interesting aspects. For further information about this technology, we recommend you the article published in the Journal of Cultural Heritage: â€œUsing 3D digital models for the virtual restoration of polychrome in interesting cultural sitesâ€?, written by CARTIF researchers.
the project WTANK: development of a new system for the construction of high capacity modular tanks with improved properties Surface storage tanks are manufactured in almost all materials used for structures, although steel and concrete are the most used. In some occasions, if the application requires, these materials are coated with other polymeric materials. In addition, polymeric materials reinforced with fiberglass are also used for tanks up to 300 m3. Also, Aluminum and other nonferrous metals are used, when their specific properties are necessary. CARTIF and three Spanish companies (Aguambiente, Indemat and Toro Equipment) have joined forces to develop a new product that allows them to improve their position in the water trading. WTANK project focuses on finding new polymeric materials with advanced properties to be implemented in a new system for the manufacture of large capacity tanks, between 1,000 and 2,000 m3. These tanks will be modular, manufactured with reinforced polymeric materials, low weight, easy and safe installation and cost competitive.
CARTIF is working to develop a resin material reinforced with fiberglass, with nanosized fillers added, to improve the mechanical properties of the plaques which tanks are manufactured In addition to increased capacity, the project team works in other functionalities, as easier and cheaper transport, a quick mounting and the possibility of change the location. The last of the improvements consists of applying a coating with photocatalytic properties to remove lichens, fungi and mosses. The logistic improvements will get preparing specifically sized plates to place them inside sea containers which can be send by ship all over the world. The plates will have a limited weight for better handling. WTANK Project started in 2012 and will finish in 2014. During the last six months, a pilot large tank capacity will be built to apply the technology and prove the results of the project.
talking with… CARTIF Heritage Research Team It was 2002. The researchers from the Robotics and Computer Vision Division of CARTIF were working in different industrial projects using short and long range scanners, when they realized about the possibilities of these technologies applied to Heritage conservation. It was the beginning of a research line that progressively expanded to remote monitoring and control, comprehensive management and energy efficiency. All of these addressed a common goal: facing the real use of new technologies in older buildings. Twelve years later, with a large experience in this field, the researchers involved in these RTD lines talk about their impressions. Pedro M. Lerones and Luis A. Bujedo agree on the pending challenge is the inclusion of new technologies into Heritage action plans, which could improve the tasks of maintenance, protection and restoration, also stimulating the economic activity in cities and regions.
Luis A. Bujedo. Industrial engineer. Solar cooling
Jesús Samaniego. Industrial engineer. Renewable energies simulation and integration in buildings
Researchers agree that a long way to adapt the parameters and common standards in residential construction to the historical edification have to be routed. But, what are the reasons? Pedro M. Lerones thinks it is because there still traditionalist inertia in the sectors focused on Cultural Heritage, although steps are increasingly being taken to approach digital technologies. The UE has included specific funding lines from V Framework Programme. Jesús Samaniego believes that it's also influenced by the lack of common rules in this field. This is one of the main goals of 3ENCULT project, as remember José Luis Hernández. The general idea is to meet all the available information and develop a CEN regulation for the historic building rehabilitation. The wide range of using these buildings makes a different / exclusive treatment for each action
the technical and economic feasibility of actions is guaranteed.
JosĂŠ Luis HernĂĄndez. Telecommunication engineer. Communication protocols, ICT solutions for energy efficiency
to be performed. A cathedral it's not the same as a little rural church, or even a palace or castle converted into a hotel. The challenge is convince the owners (sometimes private, sometimes public) that investing in new technology has an economic return while ensuring the sustainability of cultural assets. The results of the RTD projects (as the ones in CARTIF is involved), are helpful in making decisions about the actions to be taken, as well as the allocation proper resources. Thus,
This will help to understand the Cultural Heritage as source of economy and employment, and increase the quantity of private patrons. Current technology allows optimize resources, save energy, protect ancient legacies and generate wealth for countries and regions that have been keeping them up today. This is still a commitment of CARTIF researchers, who will keep working on it with absolute conviction.
Pedro M. Lerones. Degree in Applied Physic, PhD in Applied Economy. Design of optical for non-contact measurement and 3D imaging systems
CARTIF Heritage Research team
one of us Dorotea González Barnés (Pamplona 1904 - 2003) Degree in Chemistry from the Complutense University of Madrid, she was the responsible to introduce in Spain the Raman spectroscopy. From the beginning, Dorotea stood out among the select group of women who started their research work in Spain at the end of the twenties. She made a huge effort to produce an excellent piece of research work and was a fine, although curtailed, example of a female scientist in the XX century, demonstrating that the capacity to conduct scientific research was not exclusive to men. Despite her short trajectory, she stood out as a notable scientist in the field of “Raman spectroscopy”, named after C.V. Raman (18881970), the Nobel Laureate for Physics (1930) for his discovery of secondary radiation. This technique, which continues to be used today, enables the molecules of chemical species to be identified and can be applied to different problems of scientific, medical, pharmacological and industrial interest. Dorotea was a pioneer in the introduction of this technique to Spain. In light of the recently announced Burrell Law in 1910, granting women free access to universities in Spain, and with the support of her father (subsequently minister of education in the Second Spanish Republic) and her mother, who both believed in equal opportunities, she and her three sisters studied at university. Dorotea studied chemistry and became known as one of the most advanced scientists in the
field of spectroscopy applied to chemical analysis. Among other merits, she was one of the few women to receive a scholarship from Yale University, which at the time only accepted women with an exceptional academic record. Upon her return to Spain, after a period in Austria, she continued her research studies and obtained professorship in physics and chemistry in the Lope de Vega Institute in Madrid, where she remained until she decided to go into exile in France once the Spanish Civil War had started. She never returned to research. Spanish science suffered an enormous setback with the outbreak of the Civil War, from which it would take years to recover, and, when it did it, it excluded women. With examples such as that of Dorotea Barnés, the new woman who had been a symbol of the Republic disappeared, since the new regime even deleted them from the files. The new woman faded into oblivion; the worst punishment of all.
12 Foster's Laboratory. Ladies' Residence. Madrid
In addition of the Heritage Journal article mentioned in Keywords section, we recommend you a great TV film about the construction of a cathedral and one app will let you enjoy architectural and natural wonders
JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE. Using 3D digital models for the virtual restoration of polychrome in interesting cultural sites. Pedro M. Lerones, José Llamas, Jaime Gómez, Eduardo Zalama, Jesús Castillo. In most cases, the polychrome paintings that decorated heritage buildings, no longer exist or are reduced to mere remnants. These facts decontextualize the sites in their historical and artistic evolution, distort the intention under which they were conceived, and hamper their accomplishment. Current recovery methods are restricted to the stabilization of the remains in their present status, requiring a lot of completely manual work that is expensive and almost unrelated to the use of new technologies.
CURIOSITY: HOW SCIENCE BECAME INTERESTED IN EVERYTHING Philip Ball. Ed. Turneer Noema. 2013. 29,90€. Philip Ball is an English science writer. He is an editor for the journal Nature for over 20 years, for whom he continues to write regularly. He now writes a regular column in Chemistry World. He holds a degree in chemistry from Oxford and a doctorate in physics from Bristol University.
FOTOPEDIA: WORLD HERITAGE Considered one of the top 50 apps ever created, this app meets in the palm of your hand, across more than 25.000 photographs, the most beautiful places around the planet. Developed in collaboration with UNESCO, this tool allows to deep in the cultural and natural legacy of mankind. It's free for IOS and Android
Curiosity had a broader span of meaning in the 17th century than it usually has today. Ball shows that there wasn't just one kind of science in the 17th century: Bacon, Galileo, Boyle and Newton were all doing different things, appropriate to their respective disciplines. All were successful in their own domains, and progress was made, but you shouldn't believe their manifestos.
THE PILLARS OF THE EARTH Ridley and Tony Scott It is an eight-part 2010 TV miniseries, adapted from Ken Follett's novel of the same name. Like the book on which it is based, the movie is focused on the construction of a cathedral in the fictitious town of Kingsbridge during a tumultuous period of English history known as The Anarchy in the 12th century.
CARTIF Technology Centre Newsletter