object / permanence CAROLINE AMSTUTZ
overleaf the cover image depicts a project representative of my body of work; an object crafted with care and consideration; an exploration of truthseeking through materiality interfacing reality; an attempt to occupy the liminal space between temporality and permanence. the book explores censored text through interrogating the material quality of transparency. more on this object inquiry on pg. 57.
object / permanence
object / PERMANENCE FRAMING AN ARCHITECTURAL IDEOLOGY caroline amstutz
object permanence envelopes my interests in architecture. The psychological phenomenon explains the understanding that objects continue to exist despite being beyond physical perception. My borrowed understanding of object permanence asserts that architecture continues to impact communities and ecosystems long after physically actualized. object permanence is a metaphor to describe my diverse ambitions, with the two component words, object and permanence, framing the themes of my design curiosities. E
for more on my design ideology, read "object permanence"
academic works 2015-2019
ANGLER HOSTEL 01.
CHAIN OF ROCKS BRIDGE | ST LOUIS, MO pg 01-12 | object
TESTING GROUND 02.
MISSISSIPPI RIVER BASIN | USA pg 13-22 | permanence
SOULARD | ST LOUIS, MO pg 23-30 | permanence
AXIS COMMUNIS 04.
PONTE VESPUCCI | FLORENCE, ITALY pg 31-34 | permanence
MUSEO NOVECENTO | FLORENCE, ITALY pg 35-38 | object
ART G(ALLE)R(Y) 06.
POST OFFICE PLAZA | ST. LOUIS, MO pg 39-46 | permanence
LIGHT RAVINE 07.
CONCORDIA SEMINARY | CLAYTON, MO pg 47-52 | object
1 : 1 INQUIRIES 08.
PRINTS | BOOKS | FABRICATIONS pg 53-58 | object
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ANGLER HOSTEL CHAIN OF ROCKS BRIDGE | ST LOUIS, MO 38°76’05.8”n -90°17’63.7”w
critic: kelley murphy final core studio fall 2017
Located on historic Route 66, the Old Chain of Rocks Bridge spans a shoal of rocky rapids from Missouri to Illinois. On this well traveled site, students were asked to propose a hostel inspired by a material study of liquid tectonics, which was translated into both poetic and formal qualities of the hostel. Angler Hostel is a transient dwelling space for fisher-people, spanning over the Mississippi River. The Hostel consists of both private and public space; two dwelling levels, each with two units and peeling balconies; and a lobby, overlook, and fishing dock which provides a public space to enjoy the ambient sound of the rushing river and the fish below.
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SECTIONAL ANALYSIS HUE AND SATURATION
LIQUID TECTONICS THE POETICS OF WATER
In the exploration of liquid tectonics, I developed a hydro-printmaking device which creates radial prints utilizing ink, water, and hydrostatic pressure between a doubly wrapped mylar cone. The circular prints generated served as an object for analysis. To explore representation, I utilized nautical language and references to re-imagine the prints as randomly generated landmasses. This language served to quantify experiential qualities of the hydro-prints, such as hue, saturation, and projected speed and direction of the ink into a legible set of data, creating an entirely new and fabricated understanding of the results of the liquid tectonic study.
E print mapping & hydro-print device G
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E site photographs
SITE WATER AS CONTEXT
Siting for Angler Hostel was determined by bathymetry and a fish species analysis. Understanding the bathymetry explains the speed of the river flow: a determinant in the type of species that inhabit the area. Sited on pylon 5, the Angler Hostel was located based on diversity of species in the area. Pylon 5 has direct access to many water depths and speeds, providing a range of species to the visiting fishers.
E site mapping & section G
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PYLON LEVEL -I PLAN HOSTEL DWELLING I & II
FLUID INFLECTION FORMAL ARTICULATION
Inspired by concepts explored in the liquid tectonics study, the hostel formally interprets the idea of the inflection point evident in the hydroprints. Situated between two bridge modules, the hostel serves as an inflection point between these modules, gesturing from high to low, right to left, and finally wrapping around the mass of the pylon to reach toward the water.
dwelling cross section
hydro-print inflection translation
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ROOF PLAN ENTRY AND OVERLOOK
pylon level -II
dwelling unit rendering
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physical model; pine, basswood, dyed plaster, plexiglass
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TESTING GROUND MISSISSIPPI RIVER BASIN | USA
critic: derek hoeferlin option studio 312 spring 2018
Imagined in an America Post-Trump Administration, “Testing Ground” is a deployable scaffolding kit to investigate pollution in the Mississippi River Basin. Hinging on the need for trans-boundary communication between politicians, corporations, and consumers, Testing Ground uses guerrilla architecture tactics to foster discussion. The scaffolding is deployed quickly, attaching to various “Americana” typologies to monitor a range of environmental conditions from soil health to air quality. Testing Ground engages the public via geocaching; people interested in learning about the River Basin can track deployment location of structures, learn about the issue, and contribute to the research.
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G report cover
E TANGLE / DE-TANGLE
RESEARCH & REPORT A TRANS-BOUNDARY APPROACH
The first month of a semester-long examination of watersheds resulted in a 270 page document produced by the studio. The “trans-boundary report” systematically analyzes 3 river basins - Rhine, Mississippi, and Mekong – through the lens of the prefix “trans.” Students then developed individual proposals with an understanding of watersheds from "source to mouth". Beyond the semester, I was selected as a research assistant for Hoeferlin’s project “Watershed Architecture,” where I analyzed and re-synthesized the current political mechanisms of these watersheds. E TANGLE / DE-TANGLE
164-165 E report spreads
E TANGLE / DE-TANGLE, research position under the guidance of Derek Hoeferlin
TEAM: Caroline Amstutz*, Michele Chen, Jake Deluca, Helen Han, Yin Li, Patrick Murray, Rodrigo Poma, Jimmy Ryoo, Will Sun*, Rita Wang, Joie Zhang, Tiffany Zheng. * - indicates project lead & editor - 16 -
G prototypical typologies G prototypical sites
E the grain elevator
"testing ground" book, typology & site introduction page
SOURCE-TO-MOUTH PROTOTYPICAL SITES AND TYPOLOGIES
Following the research and report findings, students were prompted to design a “trans-boundary negotiation forum” – a speculative space to engage people in a discussion of the state of watersheds. To tackle the prompt, I developed a systematic, rather than purely spatial, approach which involved researching a series of prototypical sites and typologies, and understanding how one system of architecture could be applied to capture the multiplicities of my assigned river – the Mississippi. The content was bound into a book including the sites, typologies, and a narrative.
"testing ground" book, narrative spread
E the slaughter house
E the coal plant
"testing ground" book; mylar, thread, craft paper
E the water tower
"testing ground" book, spine
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E physical model; plywood, concrete, aluminum, thread, spandex
DEPLOYABLE FORUM A SYSTEM IN ACTION
The final form of the speculation is a deployable scaffolding system. The scaffolding fits into a single shipping crate ("the box") floating down the Mississippi river until a call for deployment. With a small team, deployment can happen over night, marking that typology as a site for ecological study. The public is engaged through geocaching; when deployed, the public is invited to the site to learn about the ecological impacts of the typology in question.
plans, sections & details; 36" x 60" graphite and wax pencil on mylar collage
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COMMON THREAD ACTIVATING A DRAWING
To create an active experience of the drawing while making a suggestion about the form of the intervention, hybrid methods of sewing and drawing were employed. By sewing a section, the conceptual drawing explores the potential for elasticity in the form of Testing Ground and portrays a key value of the project: participation. E conceptual drawing detail 00_01_02_03_04_05_06_07_08
conceptual drawing, 24" x 36" graphite and thread on mylar collage - 22 -
EMBEDDED GREENHOUSE SOULARD | ST LOUIS, MO 38°36’42.3”n -90°12’13.9”w
critic: anna ives core studio 212 spring 2017
Amidst a climactic crisis, designers must participate as global citizens: contribute ideas, engage broad audiences, and design considerately and sustainably. The project begins with a thorough study of a plant and the life cycle of its environment. This deep study of Spanish Moss and its ecology serves as a microcosm for understanding vaster environmental systems. Following the study was a proposal for a greenhouse to host that plant and others, as well as engage with the community through environmental education and the delight of experiencing flora. The Embedded Greenhouse is designed as a selfsustaining structure, its tectonic systems inspired by the plant it is designed to host: Spanish Moss.
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PROPAGATE SPANISH MOSS FLORA STUDY
In a week-long exploration of flora, I researched Spanish Moss, a plant native to North America. Spanish Moss thrives in humid environments, growing up to 30 feet long in ideal conditions. Neither a moss nor lichen, the flowering air plant propagates via both seed dispersal and regrowth of clippings, gaining necessary nutrients epiphytically from its environment by feeding on the detritus from the surrounding air, water, and the bark it hangs upon.
E flowering node
E seed propagation
E single node
E moss strand
E moss aggregation
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MAPPING AS A MEANS OF FORM DERIVATION RUNOFF COLLECTION Generated from the hexagonal detritus flow analysis, the runoff collection program form is informed by the highest concentration of detritus; situated on the area of the site with the steepest slope.
RIBBING STRUCTURE A runoff grid study inspired the rib structure system. The embedded concrete ribbing integrates the greenhouse into the siteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s existing infrastructure through an orthogonal relationship.
URBAN DEBRIS COLLECTION
E softscape to hardscape decomposition & site map
Angled toward the strong gusts from on-coming traffic, this collection area is positioned to capture stray urban detritus (trash). The form is designed with beveled corners to prevent debris escape.
roof pod detail
spider clamp detail
greenhouse site plan
ACCUMULATE AN INSULAR GREENHOUSE
The Embedded Greenhouse serves as a self-sustaining collection unit â&#x20AC;&#x201C; collecting runoff, highway debris, seeds, and people from the site in Soulard, St. Louis. Each type of collection is compartmentalized into an area of the program that best serves its needs, creating an insular reserve from the urban chaos; a space for people and spanish moss alike.
E collection typologies top to bottom: green roof, pedestrian path, structural ribbing, glass facade/tubing membrane, urban debris collection
E rendered section plans G
structural ribbing lower pathway restroom
glass membrane urban debris collection
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DISTRIBUTE The lower level pathway floats above pooling groundwater and reveals runoff minerals stains leeching down the wall. The lower level serves as an observatory for the inner-workings of the building - detritus rich water pools toward the glass faĂ§ade, allowing a series of tubes to navigate the vertical span of the building and distribute this water to the seed collection roof â&#x20AC;&#x201C; a space dedicated to fostering native plant growth through the collection of seeds via wind and birds.
G model photographs
SUSTAINING VIA EMBEDDING
greenhouse facade - 30 -
AXIS COMMUNIS PONTE VESPUCCI | FLORENCE, ITALY 43°77’19.1”n 11°24’09.5”e
critic: robert mccarter florence, italy fall 2018
The 6-week long abroad project tasked students with the design of a Montessori elementary school, seeking to connect two economically and socially disparate neighborhoods in Florence through education. Sited adjacent to Ponte Amerigo Vespucci spanning the Arno River, urban datums and axes served as a means to ground my project in the city and dynamically aggregate individual classrooms into a school. The program first involved the complete design of a single classroom, crafting each component with sensitivity to the Montessori curriculum. The single class generated a form to aggregate into a small Montessori school, boat storage area, and public room to connect the two neighborhoods in the center of the city.
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ground floor plan detail
ground floor and mezzanine plan
MODULAR MONTESSORI CLASSROOM AGGREGATION
Anchored on the bridge spanning an upper- and working-class neighborhood, the Montessori school is intended to connect these disparate communities through education. Initially prompted to design a siteless single classroom as a perfect cube to include all of the requirements of a Montessori room, the project transformed as the rooms aggregated into a school. Drawing upon adjacent geometries, such as the off-axis roads and arteries of Florence, the classrooms tessellate and rotate to accommodate the bend of the bridge attachment, forming a common â&#x20AC;&#x153;piazzaâ&#x20AC;? corridor to connect all students of the school.
und floor rendering
E model photographs; vellum and butter board on studio constructed site model
mezzanine reading space rendering
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MEMORIA MUSEO NOVECENTO | FLORENCE, ITALY 43°77’30.7”n 11°24’67.3”e
critic: stephen leet florence, italy fall 2018
The second 6-week abroad studio commenced with research on Italian fascism & the shoah (holocaust). Between November 6th and 9th 1943, 300 Florentine Jews and antifascists were herded from homes, contained in a school courtyard, and marched to Santa Maria Novella Station. The victims were secretively deported to their final fate at Auschwitz; the 16 survivors recall their traumatic transportation in overfilled cattle. In attempt to remember these shoah victims, as well as implicate the perpetrators, students were prompted to design a shoah memorial in that very courtyard, which is now part of the Museo Novecento. Programmatic requirements involved 3 components: honoring the victims, acknowledging the often overlooked role Italy played in the shoah, and the inclusion of an artifact from the shoah.
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memorial section E plane folding diagram
E memorial plan and courtyard adjacency
INDIFFERENZA / COINVOLGIMENTO A MEMORY OF THE SHOAH
Victims' names are inscribed inside of 5 concrete cattle car forms – the number of cars used in the Nov. 9th deportation. The folded panel system captures the cars, subverting the form of the swastika – a visceral symbol of the oppressor. One concrete panel bisects a car – a reveal of light illuminates the names of the 16 survivors. Text reading "indifferenza" (indifference) and "coinvolgimento" (involvement) inscribe the tilted panel. Light pours through the text to register the words onto the ground.
exploded serial sections
courtyard and memorial section
survivor car rendering
containment and deportation map
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ART G(ALLE)R(Y) POST OFFICE PLAZA | ST. LOUIS, MO 38°62’91.2”n -90°19’49.8”w
critic: zeuler lima option studio 412 spring 2019
Titled “Drawing (From) Lina Bo Bardi,” this analog studio examined the architecture and attitude of Bo Bardi as a basis to propose a case for St. Louis. Bo Bardi’s unique approach to architecture consistently places people first, over form: she believes that architecture is a backdrop for social interaction and growth. Through various drawing exercises, I digest Bo Bardi’s fascinating pedagogical approach to design and explore her motif of figure/ground. Ultimately translating Bo Bardi’s core ideas into a modern St. Louisan context, I latch onto her attitude to promote inclusivity in the arts and place value on the experiences of all people.
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E 14 card suit
14 card suit collection
poster; watercolor on arches, thermochromic ink on mylar
ANONYMITY AN EXCHANGE, A POSTER
In a suit of 14, my cards explore Bo Bardi's fascination with vernacular architecture. The poster depicts the 14 cards (received from my peers in a card exchange) as Bo Bardiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s reading material, splayed about her coffee table. The poster represents the cyclical nature of architectural learning and inspiration from peers and anonymous architecture alike.
foreground plate, foreground in focus, scene 02
unrolled cube print; etching ink on arches paper
foreground plate, background in focus, scene 02
E drawing model cube; etching ink on plexiglass plates
FIGURE / GROUND A DRAWING MODEL
The drawing model explores the "human-ness" of Bo Bardiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s drawings. The cube model represents the glass house â&#x20AC;&#x201C; each cube face etched, inked, printed and then sealed closed. Opposing sides of the cube divide the scene into foreground and background, showing how Bo Bardi subverted the importance of people over architecture in her practice. print detail
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site concept book, “Expansive Alley,” expanded
EXPANSIVE ALLEY A CASE FOR ST. LOUIS
The Case is a proposal for a project in St. Louis. Through walking and mapping downtown I discovered a site to embrace Bo Bardi’s architectural methodology by activating a vacant alley through accessibility to the arts. The proposal is to vitalize the alley by introducing an art residency program, revealing the potential of the alley canyon to the public.
concrete conceptual model, expanded
site concept book, compressed
a case for st. louis: including site book and concrete conceptual model in wooden display tray
E site exploration map; photographs, graphite on vellum
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serial section bx
serial section cx
serial section ax
ACTIVATED ALLEY IMPLEMENTING AN INTERVENTION
art g(alle)r(y) presents one architectural solution to the previous case proposal. The project takes advantage of the alley proportions, calling to activate the ground level of the alley canyon through choreographing the walking surface. 5 artists residency pods of various scales, and an art gallery and cafĂŠ wrap the alley and adjacent vacant lot to invite the public into the space to enjoy the arts. massing model
longitudinal section ay
plan; 24" x 36" graphite on mylar
site map & notable cultural adjacencies; 22" x 22" graphite on mylar
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LIGHT RAVINE CONCORDIA SEMINARY | CLAYTON, MO 38°63’95.4”n -90°31’42.3”w
critic: lindsey stouffer core studio 211 fall 2016
Sited in Concordia Seminary Park, a quaint green space in DeMun, St. Louis, students were asked to propose a non-denominational chapel. The Chapel, intended to be welcoming of all, fixates on light as a unifying aspect for spirituality – whether religious or other. The Chapel views light as a universal language – it is a space that allows for reflection through light and dark, sound and silence. To understand the power of light, students first created a “device” to alter the quality of natural light. Following this study, rigorous site analysis exploring a light-related phenomenon facilitated the selection of a site for the chapel. The proposed chapel reflects the sensitivity of the site and the nuance of light itself, creating a space of reflection for all.
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E module in motion detail
E model photographs; acetate, aluminum, plexiglass, fishing wire
E single module connection
REFRACT LIGHT MANIPULATING LOOM
The Refraction Loom allows the user to control caustics by manipulating modular elements. The Loom is comprised of modules strung through a frame. Held in place at control points, the modules are capable of morphing into two forms: open and closed. When open, the modules disperse refractions, when closed, the refractions are condensed.
refraction loom drawing, 24" x 36" graphite and chalk on mylar and museum board
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E model photographs; plexiglass, museum board, styrofoam beans
plan and entry section
group reflection room section
SOUND VOID URBAN CHAPEL AND MAPPING
To understand experiential qualities on the site, I mapped tree canopies, acoustics and their effects on a visitor to the park. Cricket chirps, a sound that represents silence, served as a tool to inform the site of the chapel. Preferring dark and warm habitats, crickets chirp loudest in areas that receive both the most intense light and shadow.
light and sound site mapping; 24" x 36" graphite, charcoal, & wax pencil on mylar
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1 : 1 INQUIRIES PRINTS | BOOKS | FABRICATIONS analog, digital, 2d, and 3d
critics: sage dawson, michael powell. kelley murphy
The act of making is an instant feedback loop - a way to digest the world and the complex systems that surround us. Whether binding a book, carving a matrix to print, or lasercutting an assembly, the creation of physical objects is an informative part of my design practice and understanding of architecture. Creating at 1 to 1 scale lends itself to a deep appreciation of materiality and the importance of quality. This human scale renders systems comprehensible through both visual understanding and muscle memory - a book is not a monolith but rather a choreographed collection of pages, punctures, and stitches. The following projects are a few of the 1 : 1 inquiries I have recently made.
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TESSELLATE FISH SCHOOLING KITE
Derived from studies of fish schooling, the full scale kite implements a radiating triangulation system, consisting of frame, membrane, and apertures. The apertures are reactive to different wind levels, opening to varying degrees based on the wind strength.
~24" x 24" styrene, acetate & packing tape, 2016
FEEDBACK LOOP LARGE-FORMAT MULTIMEDIA PRINT
Fascinated with the juxtaposition of nature and artifice, Feedback Loop abstracts the interaction of these two binary ephemera into color and form through monotype, screenprinting, and collagraph techniques.
48" x 60" ink on arches paper, 2018
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REDACT CENSORSHIP DIPTYCH
In a flight of books interrogating the material applications of transparency, this diptych explores censorship of literature through the use of opacity. Drawing from historically censored poetry, the diptych censors using opposite techniques: hyper-transparency vs. extreme opacity.
flight of five 4"x6" books, featuring "Redact." plexiglass, acetate, cloth, paper, ink, thread, 2019
DE-PRINT RE-PRINT SCREENPRINT
Inspired by studies of 1920â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s photo-montage, this multi-layer screenprint explores cartography as an extension of reality and interrogates the graphic traits of maps through the abandonment and re-printing of once-legible information.
15" x 20" screenprint & solvent transfer, 2017
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CAROLINE AMSTUTZ B.S. in Architecture, May 2019 Washington University in St. Louis firstname.lastname@example.org Tel. 917-733-0767