Page 1

Landscape Architecture Porfolio CAROLINA MARTINHO


MARIA CAROLINA MARTINHO BIRTH DATE: 19.12.1993 NACIONALITY: Portuguese ADRESS: Avenida de Roma nº98 6ºEsq 1700-352 Lisboa, Portugal EMAIL: mcr.martinho@gmail.com TELEPHONE: +351 918373751

EDUCATION: Eesti Maulikool - Estonian University Of Life Science Master Degree in Landscape Architecture Instituto Superior de Agronomia - School of Agronomy – University of Lisbon Bachelor in Landscape Architecture

SKILLS: AutoCad, Archicad, ArcGis, Vectorworks Photoshop, Indesign, Illustrator Sketching

INTERESTS: Travel, Drawing, Photograpy, Kayaking, Reading


LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE - ACADEMIC WORK

1.

EASTERN LISBON, PORTUGAL Master Thesis - landscape character assessment

2.

REMNIKU PEIPSI LAKE, ESTONIA outdoor recreation intervention

3. QUINTA DAS CONCHAS E LILASES, LISBOA general management plan - vibeiras award 2015 4.

ALMADA CITY, PORTUGAL main ecological network and proposal plan

5.

TERRAÇOS DA PONTE, SACAVÉM green space in a new residential district

6.

ALFAMA NEIGHBORHOOD, LISBOA urban study

SKETCHS AND DRAWINGS 3


1.

EASTERN LISBON- PORTUGAL

MASTER THESIS IN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 2017/2018 INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA

The aim of this work was to create a Strategic Plan for the industrial zone of eastern Lisbon with the support of the LCA methodology. Landscape Character Assessment is a process of systematic description, classification and analysis of the landscape in arder to identify, describe and understand it's character. The in-depth study of the Landscape Character Assessment made it possible to verify the importance in informing judgements and decision-making concerning the management of change in the landscape. Finally, the Landscape Character Assessment is applied to the practical case of Eastern Lisbon followed by a proposal of a Strategy Plan for the requalification of this area. 4


SITE ANALYSIS

LANDSCAPE UNITS

TOPOGRAPHY

WATER SYSTEM SOILS FLOOD VULNERABILITY ECOLOGICAL NETWORK URBAN SPRAWL HERITAGE LAND USE ROAD NETWORK

5


UNIT 4 VALE DO FUNDÃO NEIGHBORHOOD

UNIT 2 WASTELAND OPEN SPACE

UNIT 1 MADRE DEUS NEIGHBORHOOD

UNIT 6 MORE RECENT NEIGHBORHOOD


UNIT 8 OPEN SPACE CONNECTED TO TAGUS RIVER

UNIT 5 NEIGHBORHOOD WITH 3 HISTORICAL USES

UNIT 3 INDUSTRIAL UNITS AND WORKING-CLASS DISTRICTS UNIT 7 RAILWAYS AND CONTAINER TERMINAL 7


2.

REMNIKU, PEIPSI LAKE- ESTONIA

INDIVIDUAL WORK |OUTDOOR RECREATION PLANNING AND DESIGN 2015/2016 ESTONIAN UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES

Straddling the Estonian-Russian border, Lake Peipsi is the 5th largest lake in Europe. This area had popular resorts during Soviet times but many of them have been left to crumble and very few new developments have taken their place. Due to the abundance of phosphorous and nitrogen compounds bought it by the rivers Emajogi and Velikaya the water in Peipsi lake suffers from eutrophication. Another hazard is the pollution caused by two major thermal power stations, which use the lake to cool down their steam machines.

8


LOCATION

SOILS AG- Fluvisol LO- Primitive podzoic LkG- Gleysol LG- Podzolic Lklg- Gleysol

ECOLOGICAL ELEMENTS Open space with some coniferous trees and betulas

SITE ANALYSIS

Dunar ecosystem Dense coniferous forest City expansion zone (litlle ecological value) Remniku river - Riveranks ecosystem

RECREATION POTENCIAL Water recreation Acess road Potencial for bike trails Nature watching Highest topography - viewpoint

9


OUTDOOR RECREATION INTERVENTION The observation towers are placed in prominent vistas and in natural or cultural landmarks, the cottages as well as the picnic areas are located along the recreation paths, finally the bike/pedonal paths are placed where there is already evidences of a previously path.

Ri

Roofed observation tower

Pathways

Wet


ECOLOGICAL INTERVENTION When it comes to water quality, riparian areas are the last line of defense for water that’s running off the land into lakes and streams. It is essencial that appropriate land use practices are used to maintain or enhance their functions and value.

iparian Zone

tland Plantation

Pathways

The creation of wildlife habitats by providing corridors for it's movement is also an important step along side with the implementation of faxines. For the dunar system ,the use of palisades is a technique that stops the blowing sand and stabilizes the soil. Dunar species are planted inside the squares of palisades. 11


3.

QUINTA DAS CONCHAS E LILASES- LISBOA

GROUP WORK | CULTURAL LANDSCAPE RESTORATION AND MANAGEMENT 2014/2015 INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA - VIBEIRAS AWARD 2015

Quinta das Conchas and Lilases was originally, in the XVIII century, a farm that belonged to the aristocracy in the border of Lisbon. Over time various amendments have been made to the original Plan. It was been recovered nowadays as a public park located in Lumiar, in the eastern area of Lisbon. The Recovery Plan proposed took into account the different historical layers and also the fact that the park is located in a large area of direct recharge of aquifers.

12


13

HISTORICAL EVOLUTION


RECOVERY PLAN

Quinta dos Lilases Palace

QUINTA DAS CONCHAS - MAIN STRATEGIES

QUINTA DOS LILASES - MAIN STRATEGIES

A1- Palm trees alignment replacement

B1- Conservation of the original Plan

A2- Trees and lawn maintenance

B2- Floor surface reconstrution

A3- Existing pavement surface maintenance

B3- Maintenance of the vegetation

A4- Creation of green spaces near the main entrances

B4- Restoration of water stuctures

A5- Replacement of worn-out and broken furniture

B5- Reconstruction of the water fountain pipeline

A6- Reconstruction of the ydraulic system

B6- Rehabilitation of Casa do Monte building

A7- Restoration of water stuctures

B7- Floor surface reconstrution

A8- Maintenance of the lake hydraulic system

B8- Creation of the water mirror from the existing water tank

A9- Creation of cultural interpretive routes

B9- Improvement of the green space surrounding Casa do Monte

A10- Improvement of the informative signposting.

B10- Replacement of worn-out and broken furniture B11- Creation of green spaces on the northeast limit of the park


Mãe d'Áua

Casa do Monte

15


C8

LIMIT ENTRANCE A- QUINTA DAS CONCHAS B- FOREST C- QUINTA DOS LILASES

LAGO C2 A2

TRAILS Lilac and orange tree trail 0.9 km- 11mint Shels and water trail 1.5 km m - 18 mint

A2

Forest trail 2.5 km - 30 mint

A3

B

A4

B2

B4

A1A2A3A4A5-

Cafetaria Playground Picnic areas Mรฃe d' รกgua Traditional well

B1B2B3B4-

Viewpoint Water springs Water tank - water mirror Casa do Monte

C1C2C3C4C5C6C7C8C9-

Cafetaria Benchs Water wheels Palace from XIX century Stone gutters Gymnastic equipment Promenade of orange trees Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Pergola Path


17


4.

ALMADA MAIN ECOLOGICAL NETWORK- PORTUGAL

GROUP WORK | LANDSCAPE PLANNING: NATURAL SUBSYSTEM 2013/2014 INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA

The first step of this work consisted in the determination of the Main Ecological Structure for the municipality of Almada, through the analysis of the terrain morphology, permeability, soil ecological value and vegetation with potential value. In the second phase an image plan of the municipality of Almada was developed that represents a potential scenario for the land occupation in 20 years.

18


MORPHOLOGY

SOIL ECOLOGICAL VALUE

Water line Riverbed Raised beaches Line of slumps Bollards Steeper slopes Slopes

Very high ecological value High ecological value Variable ecological value Low ecological value Very low ecological value Without classication

PERMEABILITY

VEGETATION

High Permeability Medium-High Permeability Medium Permeability Medium-Low Permeability Low Permeability

Vegetation in urban areas Acacia elds Groves and Thickets Oak Cheirolophus sempervirens Nitrophilous species Pinewood (Pinus pinaster) Pinewood and Oak Pinewood (Pinus pinea) Meadow and pasture field Coastal vegetation 19


MAIN ECOLOGICAL STRUCTURE Main water lines Steep slopes Vegetation with ecologic value Soils with high ecologic value Water system Water infiltration areas


4 Subsystems 3 Subsystems 2 Subsystems 1 Subsystems Conflitcts with constructions

21


URBAN SPRAWL

Agriculture

Paths and patrimony

parks / Public gardens


MUNICIPALITY PLAN PROPOSAL Forest Open florest with shrub and herbaceous vegetation Meadow or pasture Riparian vegetation Dunar vegetation Agriculture Buildings Suitability for building Walking trails Railway Roads Heritage sites

23


5.

TERRAÇOS DA PONTE- SACAVÉM

INDIVIDUAL WORK | EXECUTION PLAN IN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 2014/2015 Instituto Superior de Agronomia

This intervention consists of the recovery of the existing green area integrated in the urbanization Terraços da Ponte in Sacavém. The urbanization is located at the limit of the city of Lisbon with good sun exposure and view over the Tagus River and the Vasco da Gama bridge. The intervention strategy was thought up in this context and rethinks the urban and living relation between the city and the Tagus river.

24


Lawn: 15% Poa annoa;

Semi-woody Botanical Name

Commun Name

La

Lavandula angustifolia

Lavander

Js

Juniperus sabina

Ro

Rosmarinus officinalis

Ra Sc

Density

Number

Herbaceous Botanical Name

Commun Name

3

454

Ar

Ajuga reptans

Savin juniper

4

2232

As

Rosemary

3

499

Hh

Ruscus aculeatus

Butcher's broom

4

726

Santolina chamacyparissus

Lavender cotton

6

303

15% Lollium perenne;

Density

Number

Blue bugle

25

2936

Alyssum saxatile

Golden alyssum

4

646

Meadow:

Hedera helix

European ivy

6

3336

20% Trifolium repens;

Sa

Sesleria autumnalis

Autumn moor grass

11

1997

20% Poa annua;

Vd

Vinca difformis

Intermediate periwinkle

11

7262

40% Festuca arundinacea;

50% Festuca arrundinacea.

0% Centranthus ruber.

25


Tree Botanical Name

Commun Name

Shurb Botanical Name

Commun Name

Au

Arbutus Unedo

Strawberry tree

Number 5

Cm

Crataegus monogyna

Common hawthorn

Number 4

Fa

Fraxinus angustifolia

Desert ash

4

Mc

Myrthus comunis

Common myrtle

14

Ln

Laurus nobilis

Bay laurel

8

Pl

Pistacia lenticus

Mastic tree

15

Plo

Platanus orientalis

Oriental plane tree

5

Po

Platycladus orientalis

Oriental Arborvitae

20

Pn

Populus nigra

Black poplar

36

Ra

Rhamnus alaternus

Italian buckthorn

22

Um

Ulmus minor

Field elm

3

Sn

Sambucus nigra

Elderberry

9

Vt

Viburnum tinus

Laurustinus

8


Reinforced concrete

Iron mesh

Rockfill 0.4 m Reinforced concrete 0.15 m Plaster Cast iron cover

Compacted soil

27


Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm Mulch 8cm

Angular rock 10cm Compacted soil

Extensive granulometry aggregate 15 cm Compacted soil Gravel bonded with epoxy resin 12cm Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm

Compacted soil

Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm Mulch 8cm

Angular rock 10cm Compacted soil

Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm Mulch 8cm

Gravel bonded with epoxy resin 12cm Angular rock 15cm Geotextile fabric

Gravel In situ concrete slabs 1m x2 m x0.15m

Reinforced concrete

Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm

Compacted soil

Angular rock 10cm Compacted soil

Angular rock 15cm Concrete footing Cement and sand 5:1, 5cmsoil Compacted Limstone 11x11x11cm

Compacted soil Gravel In situ concrete slabs 1m x2 m x0.15m

Extensive granulometry aggregate 15 cm Compacted soil Gravel 15cm

Gravel In situ concrete slabs 1m x2 m x0.15m

Extensive granulometry aggregate 15 cm Compacted soil Gravel 15cm


Extensive granulometry aggregate 15 cm Compacted soil Gravel bonded with epoxy resin 12cm

Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm Mulch 8cm

Angular rock 10cm Compacted soil

Gravel bonded with epoxy resin 12cm Angular rock 15cm Geotextile fabric Reinforced concrete

Extensive granulometry aggregate 15 cm Compacted soil Gravel bonded with epoxy resin 12cm Cement and sand 5:1, 5cm Limstone 11x11x11cm

Compacted soil

Angular rock 15cm Concrete footing Compacted soil

Gravel bonded with epoxy resin 12cm Angular rock 15cm Geotextile fabric

Gravel In situ concrete slabs 1m x2 m x0.15m

Reinforced concrete Extensive granulometry aggregate 15 cm Compacted soil Gravel 15cm

Angular rock 15cm Concrete footing Compacted soil

29


6.

ALFAMA NEIGHBOURHOOD- LISBOA

GROUP WORK | URBAN PLANING HISTORY 2014/2015 INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA

Alfama is one Lisbon’s oldest neighborhoods divided according to the topography. The top of the hill near the Sao Jorge castle is called Graça and down by the river it’s the heart of Alfama. Medieval alleys and outstanding views where the narrow and steep streets lead to an amazing river view.

30


URBAN LAYOUT In a city usualy prevails the original urban layout or paths better than the buildings. In Alfama the urban layout it’s thoroughly linked with the topography, creating streets that follow the water lines. But the same layout is also linked with architectural features that compose the urban space. Buildings are responsible for forming the layout as well the squares, unique buildings and the conection from this neighborhood to other points and directions of the city.

31


URBAN FABRIC To understand a city it’s important to go through it’s form and structure. The difference between cities should be possible to distinguish by reading how the elements are organized in order to create the urban space. By knowing that, this study begins with the understanding of it's fabric and how this structures are connected.


THE BLOCK Block can be defined as a building cluster in a “closed system”, with different disposal forms and seperated from other clusters, limited by roads or streets In this case study the block is defined only by the building and it's facades. The blocks are rich because of it’s diversity type of building from diferent historical periods, that were able to adjust to the existing space.

THE SQUARE The squares are the common meeting point for the Mediterranean culture. They are places of cultural and social economic exchange. For centuries they were the citie's heart into opposition with the narrow and dark streets. One of the main Alfama’s squares has as center point the S. Miguel church built in XII century.

33


THE STREET It can be both a meeting point or a connection to other urban spaces. It has a great importance regarding it’s morphological richness of the urban fabric besides the toponymic diversity. In fact the toponymic results from the meaning for the community who lives there.


The first impression of Alfama’s neighborhood besides the narrow and steep streets and the size of the buildings when compared with other parts of Lisbon, is the huge difference of light exposure that takes place inside it. At first thought the streets south-facing and next to the have more light, but but in this case they are swallowed in shade by the surrounding buildings. On the other hand, streets even if they are narrower have much more light due

river should and immersed longitudinal to the hill.

This idea was the starting point to create a three graded grey map, to represent the feeling of the place. The darkest grey colour represents alleys and back or really narrow streets. The medium grey colour represents places that can be very dark or have a lot of light depending of the time of day. Finally the lighter grey represents places that have high incidence of sunlight throughout all day. 35


SKETCHES AND DRAWINGS


37

Profile for Carolina Martinho

Landscape Architecture Porfolio - Carolina Martinho  

Landscape Architecture Porfolio - Carolina Martinho  

Advertisement