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OCTOBER 2010

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“VOICE OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY”

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CONTENTS

GREEKTOWN CASINO

FALL 2010 SPECIAL ISSUE

FROM

12

this 15th annual Special Issue, we’re proud to present 12 of the most outstanding Michigan construction projects from the past year. They represent a wide cross-section of our daily lives - education and research, gaming, travel, high-tech industry, healthcare, transit, retail and exploration.

Madonna University Franciscan Center for Science and Media Value Driven

20

A. Alfred Taubman Center for Design Education Designing a New Detroit

32

Greektown Casino From the Greek

40

Gerald R. Ford International Airport & Parking Improvement Fly the Friendly Skies of Grand Rapids

50

EDITOR

In

This year we’ve introduced some new features to the Special Issue. For the first time, nine projects have received recognition with Honorable Mention awards; they are listed beginning on page 110. We will also be selecting a “Project of the Year” from among the 12 Special Issue winners, as voted upon by our readership (see notice on page 81 for details). E-mail notifications and online ballots will be forthcoming. Votes will be accepted until December 31, 2010, and the “Project of the Year” will be announced at the Special Issue Awards in February 2011. We sincerely hope that you enjoy this edition of Special Issue 2010.

Hemlock Semiconductor Corp. New Administration Building Building in Michigan’s Silicon Valley

58

THE

Amanda Tackett Editor

Karmanos-Crittenton Cancer Center The Healing Lodge

6

CAM MAGAZINE

OCTOBER 2010

“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


Expanded Opportunities


CONTENTS

GERALD R. FORD INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

FALL 2010 SPECIAL ISSUE 68

Rosa Parks Transit Center Wheels on the Bus

74

Novi Public Library Building a Best Seller

82

Central Michigan University College of Education & Human Services In Front of the Class

88

Eastern Market’s Shed 3 Renovation & Restoration

HEMLOCK SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION

Seed Money

96

Canton Center for Advanced Medicine & Surgery The Doctor is in… Canton

104 Dequindre Trail Expansion Project Building the Missing Link

110 Honorable Mentions 110 Project Subcontractor Lists 8

CAM MAGAZINE

OCTOBER 2010

ABOUT THE COVER The genesis of great architectural design sometimes begins in unlikely places. A discussion with a client over lunch can bring about the rough seedling of an idea, which later blossoms into the fine works of construction found inside the pages of this year’s Special Issue 2010 – highlighting 12 outstanding construction projects of the past year. Special thanks to TMP Architecture, Inc., Bloomfield Hills. “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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PUBLISHER EDITOR

Kevin N. Koehler Amanda M. Tackett

ASSOCIATE EDITORS

Mary E. Kremposky David R. Miller

PRODUCTION DIRECTOR GRAPHIC DESIGN DIRECTOR OF MARKETING ACCOUNT EXECUTIVE

Matthew J. Austermann Marci L. Christian Gregg A. Montowski Cathy A. Jones

DIRECTORS OFFICERS Chairman

R. Andrew Martin, FH Martin Constructors

Vice Chairman

Brian D. Kiley, Edgewood Electric, Inc.

Vice Chairman

John O’Neil, Sr., W.J. O’Neil Company

Treasurer

James C. Capo,

President

Kevin N. Koehler

DeMattia Group

Gregory Andrzejewski,

DIRECTORS

PPG Industries

Stephen J. Auger, Stephen Auger + Associates Architects

M. James Brennan, Broadcast Design & Construction, Inc.

Kevin French, Poncraft Door Company

Frank G. Nehr, Jr., Davis Iron Works

Donald J. Purdie, Jr., Detroit Elevator Company

Kurt F. Von Koss, Beaver Tile & Stone

Jacqueline LaDuke Walters, LaDuke Roofing & Sheet Metal

2006 GRAPHIC DESIGN USA MARCOM International Creative Awards

AMERICAN INHOUSE DESIGN AWARD

Gallery of Fine Printing 2002 Bronze Award

2005 Gold Award

Michigan Society of Association Executives 2002, 2004, 2005 & 2007 Diamond Award 2003, 2006 Honorable Mention 2010 Silver Honorable Mention

The Communicator International Print Media Competition Overall Association Magazine Magazine Writing

CAM Magazine (ISSN08837880) is published monthly by the Construction Association of Michigan, 43636 Woodward Ave., P.O. Box 3204, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48302-3204 (248) 972-1000. $24.00 of annual membership dues is allocated to a subscription to CAM Magazine. Additional subscriptions $40.00 annually. Periodical postage paid at Bloomfield Hills, MI and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER, SEND ADDRESS CHANGES TO: CAM MAGAZINE, 43636 WOODWARD AVE., BLOOMFIELD HILLS, MI 48302-3204. For editorial comment or more information: magazine@cam-online.com. For reprints or to sell CAM Magazine: 248-972-1000. Copyright © 2008 Construction Association of Michigan. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or part without permission is prohibited. CAM Magazine is a registered trademark of the Construction Association of Michigan.

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onstruction and design professionals have become accustomed to value driven projects. Owners always want to maximize what they receive for their money, but the current economic climate has resulted in a heightened awareness of every dollar spent. The recently constructed Franciscan Center for Science and Media at Madonna University was no exception to this trend, but fiscal responsibility was only one of many values that the project

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OCTOBER 2010

team needed to adopt. Saint Francis of Assisi founded the Order of Friars Minor, better known as the Franciscans, but he is also revered as the patron saint animals and the environment, so a strong commitment towards sustainability was a virtual certainty. An early task for the project team was to define this value as it related to the built environment. The answer to this overriding question was not revealed until the


GOOD

“It stands to reason that everything about this building must be good; good in purpose, in people, in programs and in progress. From its inception to its dedication, commissioning and operation, it should bring out the best in us, for it stands on hallowed ground, blessed many times over.” – Sister Rose Marie Kujawa

Green Design Charrette, when Sister Rose Marie Kujawa, president of Madonna University, first voiced the four words that became a mantra for the entire team: “Good, Growing, Gorgeous and Green.” Developing a 65,000-square-foot facility that embodied these four concepts was a challenge ably undertaken by construction manager Clark Construction Co., Lansing, architect and engineer SmithGroup Incorporated, Detroit, and a skilled team of subcontractors. Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

Building something that is good can take on a lot of different meanings, but the project team saw this first and foremost as a challenge to create a structure that functioned well in its intended role, and which would bring out the best qualities in students and faculty alike. To accomplish this, the project team needed to develop a thorough understanding of the diverse programs the facility would serve. Madonna University has operated a well-respected broadcast and cinema arts program out of converted classrooms for about 30 years, but the specialized nature of the training, coupled with everchanging technology, resulted in a strong desire for a facility built specifically for media arts. “We really wanted a facility that would replicate what students would see out in the industry,” explained Patricia Derry, director of technology learning services for Madonna University. “We brought tremendous challenges into the design, so we worked very closely with the architects to make sure that our needs were addressed in the early planning stages. In all honesty, architects don’t design TV CAM MAGAZINE

OCTOBER 2010

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studios very often.” Despite having limited opportunities in which to fine-tune their skills, the design team created a media arts center that fulfills Madonna University’s educational mission quite well. Key challenges included

adversely affecting the project schedule. “When you use BIM [Building Information Modeling] on a project, you start out with the schedule,” said Timothy Ward, project manager for Clark Construction. “You know what the long lead time items will be and

designing a flexible electrical system that minimized consumption while accommodating a wide variety of lighting configurations, and performing a thorough acoustical analysis to control sound in broadcasting spaces. Broadcasting spaces also needed to be completely isolated against outside noise. Lighting fixtures are operated by highly efficient dimmers that produce the desired illumination level by altering the sign wave of the incoming power as opposed to turning a filament on and off. Although the dimmers were adapted to the University’s existing light fixtures, they can easily accommodate LED lights that may be used in the future. The studio floor rests on a bed of sand and is separated from the surrounding walls by an expansion joint that serves as an acoustic barrier. Soundproofing surrounds the studio from the footings to the roof. Air handling equipment was also carefully designed and installed to minimize noise. The 1,200-square-foot-studio is very well ventilated with 10,000 CFM of air coming in. Oversized ductwork lets this air in at a very low velocity, while warm air exits the back of the studio through massive grilles measuring three feet tall by 15 feet wide. These grilles were not “off the shelf” items. Careful planning prevented long lead times from

Even the slightest flaw could create visible movement (above) as a camera rolled across the studio floor, so the project team went to extraordinary lengths to create a smooth surface. Concrete was specifically formulated for the job and a low-VOC epoxy was applied.

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OCTOBER 2010

Equipment in the control room (bottom) replicates what students will use after graduation.

you take care of those items first.” An even more significant advantage of using BIM on the project was the elimination of conflicts in the field through clash detection. In fact, no change orders were issued because of conflicts between mechanical and electrical systems that were encountered in the field, a rare accomplishment given the size and complexity of the project. Creating a flat floor was another challenge associated with building the studio. Even the slightest flaw could create visible movement as a camera rolled across, so the project team went to extraordinary lengths to create a smooth surface. The concrete was wet cured to harden the surface, but this also slows the process, so additives to accelerate the curing time were incorporated to compensate. Concrete was also specially formulated with minimal air and low slump to prevent any imperfections. The most critical step was the application of a special low-VOC epoxy that smoothed out the surface to a glass-like finish. Other broadcast and cinema arts spaces include the state-of-the-art control room, a radio station, editing suites and classrooms. All are a vast improvement over existing facilities, but these spaces only represent a fraction of the needs for the new facility. The University’s science program had its own list of requirements. Existing science laboratories at Madonna University were outdated. Chemicals were stored in a central area and hand-carried to the labs, often through occupied hallways. Once the chemicals arrived, the small number of fume hoods in the labs limited

“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


what could be done with them. Many experiments must be performed under a fume hood for safety reasons, so the new facility includes 29 fume hoods, including pass-through hoods that facilitate the transfer of chemicals from one laboratory to another without the need to traverse public spaces. All laboratories also are linked by a “ghost corridor” that runs along the perimeter of the building, thereby allowing travel between laboratories without entering public corridors. “We can run experiments that we couldn’t run before for safety reasons,” said Theodore Biermann, dean of science and mathematics for Madonna University. “Now, we have a nice, modern, safe situation.” Needless to say this is a far cry from Biermann’s years as a graduate assistant at a well-known Midwestern university, when he often stood by with a fire extinguisher just in case an experiment got out of hand. In addition to enhanced safety and productivity, the new facility includes three student/faculty research laboratories where experiments can be set up over a period of time, which opens up many new possibilities for the institution. The Franciscan Center undoubtedly will fuel a great deal of interest in Madonna University, where a combination of factors has contributed to increased enrollment in recent years. GROWING

“It must reflect a growing institution, founded in solid traditions, but not stuck in stodginess. Elements of growth such as freshness, renewability, vision and creativity must grace the building, for it holds our future.” – Sister Rose Marie Kujawa

Madonna University is growing, but growth is not always a steady, even, or predictable process. For example, interest in Michigan’s burgeoning film industry has led to explosive growth in the broadcast and cinema arts curriculum that outstrips most other University programs in recent years. Madonna University must respond to trends like these to maintain its relevance. The institution must also reflect the characteristics of the student body. Before the construction of the Franciscan Center for Science and Media, the campus was essentially divided with academic buildings to the south and the residence hall and student cafeteria, to the north. The large percentage of commuter students enrolled Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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Union Trustees

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Charlie Jackson, Chairman Scott Lowes Dick Reynolds Toney Stewart Bart Nickerson Rich Williamson

Brian Sedik, Secretary Gene Auger Art Hug, Jr. Patrick Landry Jack Russell Chuck Raeder

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OCTOBER 2010

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in the University missed the experience of a true campus setting because they seldom had reason to venture beyond the academic buildings. One key goal for the new building was to create a greater sense of community by facilitating easy transit through the facility. Doors were strategically placed to allow for cross traffic, while a twostory gathering area looks out over the St. Francis pond, providing an attractive indoor environment. Those who prefer the outdoors can enjoy Cardinals Square, situated outside the Franciscan Center, which honors Adam Cardinal Maida and Edmund Cardinal Szoka,

was to sit down with the faculty and ask them for their vision, so we could work towards it. Our approach was to create that vision, write it down, and put it up for everyone to see.” Fine-tuning the vision was a laborious process, but the end result of the effort must be seen to be appreciated. In addition to creating a facility that met all of the University’s programmatic needs, the project team also fulfilled the desire for a structure that was pleasing to the eye. GORGEOUS

“ It should be gorgeous, beautiful in style, capturing some of the grandeur of the Lombardian Romanesque architecture of the Provincial House, some of the bold boxiness of the ‘ 60s, and many futuristic components which define it as a building for the 21st Century.” – Sister Rose Marie Kujawa

Material selection played a key role in meeting sustainability goals. The project team achieved LEED credit for using a substantial percentage of FSC-certified wood and water is the only substance that is used to clean cork flooring throughout the facility.

archbishops of Detroit, while offering a tranquil environment for reflection or collegiate interaction. In spite of the University’s steady growth, the Franciscan Center for Science and Media is the first stand-alone building to be constructed on the campus in 40 years. The opportunity to create a structure that was worth the wait was a strong motivator for everyone involved. “The University invested a lot in this building because it was their first new building in 40 years,” said Jeffrey Hausman, AIA, LEED AP, senior vice president and office director for SmithGroup. “There were a lot of hopes and dreams on the table. Getting a clear understanding of what those hopes and dreams were was critical. I think that the most important thing that we did in the beginning

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OCTOBER 2010

Many design elements make the Franciscan Center a glory to behold, but it is the abundance of natural light that truly makes these flourishes shine. Daylighting was crucial for sustainability goals, as Gold-Level certification under the USGBC’s LEED rating system has been achieved, and the sun’s rays also provide the best light to showcase the natural beauty of the structure. LEED guidelines require natural lighting in a percentage of spaces, but the standards are continually evolving to allow for the creation of green facilities that fit a variety of intended purposes well. The need for precise control precludes natural lighting in some broadcasting and laboratory spaces of the Franciscan Center. “If daylighting is detrimental to the operation of the space, it gets taken out of the calculation under LEED,” explained William Jensen, LEED AP, project architect and associate with SmithGroup. “Every room where we have daylight coming in, there is a lot of it.” Nothing catches the light more brilliantly than the stained glass window that hangs in the east window of the Franciscan Center’s gathering area. During the early planning phases of the project, Kujawa received a call from the pastor of St. John Cantius Church. The church was slated for demolition soon and the pastor assumed that Kujawa might want a statue or some other item from the historic parish, the second oldest in Detroit and Kujawa’s childhood church. Though the window probably wasn’t what the pastor had in mind, and Kujawa’s request required the approval of the Archdiocese of Detroit, it would be hard to find a more fitting location for the image of St. John Cantius, the patron saint of teachers and students. “As a professor, he really belongs in a university, so we were very happy to be able to put him up here,” said Kujawa. Unlike the breathtaking stained glass window, the natural beauty of some building components is not made more apparent by the plentiful natural light. Wood used throughout the facility certainly looks attractive under any light, but it also holds an inner beauty from a sustainability standpoint. The project team was able to achieve LEED credit for using a substantial percentage of FSCcertified wood, a feat that requires significant commitment from the owner and the entire project team. Mary Kane Butkovich, project director for Clark Construction, has participated in several LEED projects, but the Franciscan Center is the first to achieve this distinction. “I think that we all take great pride in the FSC credit,” said Butkovich. “Clark [Construction] won’t take credit for that, it was really the subcontractors who did it. SmithGroup and Madonna “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


[University] talked to us about their commitment, and that got the subcontractors to really think about what they were putting into this building.” In addition to putting attractive and sustainable finishes into the building, the project team also took great care in selecting materials that could be maintained in an environmentally responsible way. According to Craig Flickinger, director of the office of the physical plant for Madonna University, water is the only substance that is used to clean cork flooring inside the facility. In his experience, dirt tends to be more visible on cork, but this can easily be handled with a damp mop. A specialized machine that hyper oxygenates water is used for more thorough cleanings. No sealing or waxing is required, and the closed-cell formation of the flooring makes it naturally anti-bacterial. Long before the first routine cleanup of the Franciscan Center floor, the project team was hard at work creating a facility that would be clean and green. New science laboratories include 29 fume hoods, including pass-through hoods that facilitate the transfer of chemicals from one laboratory to another. A “ghost corridor” also allows travel between laboratories without entering public corridors.

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The stained glass window in the gathering area was salvaged from St. John Cantius Church, which was slated for demolition. It would be hard to find a more fitting location for the image of St. John Cantius, the patron saint of teachers and students.

GREEN

“ Finally, it must be green. St. Francis chose for his dwellings caves and islands, woods and lakesides. We must capture some of these same elements to reflect our Franciscan values, a reverence for creation, an understanding of our role in the stewardship of the planet, and a sense of gratitude for this gift of ‘ sacred space,’ which is our legacy. Let us preserve it, beautify it and enhance it for generations to come.” – Sister Rose Marie Kujawa

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Sustainability is not a mere buzzword at Madonna University; it is a mission. From “Trayless Tuesdays” in the school’s dining room, to the recycling program that operates every other day of the week, a keen desire to tread lightly on the Earth permeates every activity on campus and beyond. Building to the LEED standard was a natural extension of this commitment. Energy efficiency emerged as an early challenge for the team. Energy and daylighting targets were set in similar ways under LEED guidelines. Certain activities in laboratory and broadcasting spaces involved a “process load” that was largely dictated by the equipment that was used, and therefore could not be cut substantially. HVAC loads,

on the other hand, could be greatly reduced. Three separate HVAC units were installed, helping the project team achieve seven out of 10 possible energy points under LEED, where only four or five had been the initial goal. The building energy simulation indicated an overall 42 percent energy savings, resulting in a 23 percent yearly cost savings. All building systems needed to work harmoniously together to achieve this. “On a technical building like this, you need to see how systems react to each other,” said Ronald Henning, PE, LEED AP, principal for SmithGroup. “If you have a fume hood, air has to come from somewhere to accommodate it, the exhaust fans have to adjust and the control sequence might need to allow for extra heating because you have so much more air. You need to work each room in individually.” LEED is well respected in the industry, but it can lend itself to a certain degree of bean counting as project teams can be tempted to chase points instead of basing every facility decision on what makes the most sense. The Franciscan Center project team avoided this by never setting an exact certification level goal. LEED was merely the means to a desirable end, not the final objective. Goals were set in individual areas, but the overriding purpose was simply to make the facility as green as possible. “It became our challenge to take areas where the goal was one point and make it two points,” said Butkovich. “We were able to do that with waste diverted from landfills. Instead of 50 percent, we were able to get over 75 percent. We also exceeded the goal for recycled content. Great products were specified for this project, but we had to go out into the field to make sure they were being used.” Even though specific point totals under LEED were not the goal, the recycled materials used throughout the Franciscan Center are certainly a point of pride for the project team and Madonna University. Other highpoints are a state-of-the-art, 150-seat lecture hall and a green roof planted with sedum to help control stormwater runoff. The green roof is situated above the broadcasting studio, where it provides sound insulation against aircraft approaching Detroit Metropolitan Airport and it can also be viewed from a higher portion of the building. A student lounge makes good use of this view and augments it with educational displays detailing the many sustainable features of the Franciscan Center, which is indeed good, growing, gorgeous and green.

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Designing a New

Detroit

By Mary E. Kremposky, Associate Editor 20

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OCTOBER 2010

Photography by Justin Maconochie Photography LLC “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


The legendary Harley Earl, General Motors’ first vice president of design, once unveiled his latest concept cars in part of the very space now occupied by this state-of-the-art public conference area.

eneral Motors’ historic Argonaut Building is once again the birthplace of bright ideas. Vacant for 10 years, GM’s former mecca of automotive design is now the home of the A. Alfred Taubman Center for Design Education, a creative hub in Detroit’s New Center area that honors the spirit of the legendary Harley Earl, General Motors’ first vice president of design. Within this fabled building, Earl turned the automobile into those sculpted, two-tone, tail-finned works of wonder that continue to draw millions to the annual Woodward Dream Cruise. Thanks to the Detroit dream team of Walbridge and Albert Kahn Associates, Inc., history is repeating itself in wonderful ways as this once shuttered landmark opens its doors to the next generation of designers. Part of the building now houses the second campus of the College for Creative Studies and its acclaimed department of Transportation Design. The building’s studios dazzle the eye with painted clay models of 21st Century cars. Harley Earl – the father of the Corvette, the tail fin, and the first concept car called the Buick Y Job - would probably welcome this grand display of invention by a school regarded as having the best transportation

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design program in the world. Flash back to 1939, the year Earl created the groundbreaking Buick Y in his design studio on the top floor of the Argonaut Building. Flash forward to 2010 and beyond, a portion of the same floor houses CCS design studios blessed with a broad canvas of space for the creation of their own dream machines and other visionary works. CCS transportation design studios have found the perfect home in a building that witnessed the invention of the field of automotive design and whose open spaces accommodated GM’s first vehicle testing facilities. Shaped like an inverted L, the building is composed of two joined structures: Building A was originally constructed in 1928 as GM’s first laboratory and testing facility; the construction of Building B in 1936 transformed the complex into GM’s first design center. The 760,000-square-foot complex is the work of another American master, namely Albert Kahn, architect of both of these classic structures whose signature bands of decorative brick and limestone have been part of the New Center’s skyline for over 80 years. “The project saves one of Albert Kahn’s legacy buildings,” said Alan Cobb, FAIA, LEED® AP, Kahn director of design,

architecture and sustainability. “It’s a classic industrial-style building with this great concrete structure that was originally used for laboratories, but can be used for anything because of the way Kahn designed it. You can take a vehicle anyplace in the building because of its sizeable floor capacities. Basically, it is a great representation of a loft building that has universal use.” WELCOME BACK Universal use is an apt description of an 11-story building that is home to a host of enterprises, including the Henry Ford Academy: School for Creative Studies, an 800-person charter school for middle and high school students operated jointly by CCS and the Henry Ford Learning Institute and funded by the Thompson Educational Foundation. Plus, this neighborhood within a building houses CCS dorms and tenant space for businesses in the creative economy. With such diverse tenants, “the development offers opportunities for collaboration and synergy among different educational levels and among students and businesses,” said Richard Rogers, CCS president. The public is also welcome in this vertical CAM MAGAZINE

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neighborhood blanketing an entire city block between Second and Cass Avenues. Currently housing an atrium, gallery space, a bookstore and sundries shop, the first level will soon host a Tim Horton’s eatery and the Argonaut Grille, added Rogers. A portion of the top floor houses the Benson and Edith Ford Conference Center, a public conference area occupying the actual

Wayne State University, and Tech Town, a think tank and business incubator for alternative and energy-efficient technologies. The newly christened Taubman Center is only a heartbeat away from the Detroit Medical Center expansion, the new inter-modal location for the proposed M-1 light rail program, and the Amtrak station with a route to Chicago, added Matthew M. Robertson,

The newly christened A. Alfred Taubman Center for Design Education is part of the tapestry of buildings designed by Albert Kahn. The Kahn “empire” includes the Fisher Building and the nearby Cadillac Place.

site of Harley Earl’s design studio. On a hot July morning, CCS students were busy building furniture in the Harley Earl Lounge, the site of the design guru’s office directly adjacent to the main conference space. The conference center was buzzing with activity in preparation for a three-day event. “The most exciting part for us is to see how the building is being utilized,” said Kenneth R. Herbart, AIA, Kahn senior associate and senior architect. A building that may have become another casualty of urban decay is now a new anchor for Detroit’s Midtown. “Tearing it down would have been another sign of defeat,” said Rogers, “because it would have left a huge hole in the New Center area.” The re-invented Argonaut Building now takes its place among established Midtown institutions, such as Henry Ford Hospital,

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project manager, Larson Realty Group. Larson is a Bloomfield Hills company engaged in real estate investment, development, asset management, leasing and consulting. At night, the building once again adds its glow to the New Center, along with two other Kahn-designed landmarks called Cadillac Place and that “nightlight” of Detroit – the Fisher Building. The lights have come back on in this grand old building in more ways than one. The light bulb as a symbol of a creative idea glows once again within this historic bastion of design where CCS students are designing prototypes of cars, furniture and electronics, plus producing sketches of transit stations and compelling works of fine art. Rogers is clearly satisfied with the college’s new home. “The project has exceeded our expectations,” said Rogers. “We are basically thrilled with the building.”

THE DREAM TEAM Bringing this hub of innovation back to life took its own share of inspiration … and cash. Clark Hill, PLC, Detroit, and Plante & Moran, PLLC, Southfield, helped to assemble a financial package more complex than the Book-Cadillac’s revitalization plan, said Geoff Sleeman, CCS director of facilities. Every member of the team brought its own spark of creativity and professional acumen to restore this venerable building listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. Kahn’s programming strategy fit this Rubic’s Cube of diverse spaces into a secure, functional and efficient arrangement. Kahn also designed flexible CCS studios, some with actual walls on wheels. “We can reconfigure the studios on a daily basis,” said Rogers. “Because it is highly flexible, the building provides an ideal space for design education.” Heating and cooling is accomplished with equal ease through the use of a central water source heat pump system. Overall, Kahn’s energy-efficient strategies reduced the building’s operating costs by 20 percent. Walbridge peeled away decades of finishes and material layers to reveal the basic structure, managing a host of surprises such as an extensive matrix of floor cavities in-filled with fly ash, wood, and in some cases, two inches of asphalt. Despite the unknowns of an older building, Walbridge delivered the project in time for the grand opening in September 2009 by forming five separate teams to build out different tenant areas, said Nils Vitso, Walbridge project director. Said Rogers, “This just couldn’t have happened without a team that was very committed to accommodating the college’s needs, and making it work on a tight schedule.” A compressed 14-month schedule for revitalizing this massive structure - and building a 20,000-square foot gymnasium never compromised safety. Walbridge achieved a lost time incident rate of 1.12, well below the 1.90 national average. “We had a full-time safety manager on the job, and every subcontractor was required to have a full-time safety coordinator, as well,” said Vitso. About 520,000 man-hours were poured into the $145 million project with actual construction beginning in June 2008 and reaching completion in August 2009. “We had great contractors and great trades people who were able and willing to do whatever we needed to get the job done,” said Robertson.

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This stunning boardroom graces the interior of the Taubman Center.

LET’S TALK Incredibly, the project began with a chance encounter in November 2006 between Rogers and Matthew P. Cullen, then general manager of GM’s Economic Development and Enterprise Services. “We were sitting next to one another at a social dinner and having a simple chat that began with the question, ‘What are you working on these days?’ ” recalled Rogers. “I said, ‘I am looking for space, and he said, ‘I have a building. Let’s talk.’” CCS needed more space for existing academic programs, new graduate programs, and student housing. Discussions were already underway with the Thompson Educational Foundation for a charter school partnership, but the actual school lacked a location. With expansion of its existing campus in the Cultural Center deemed too disruptive and too expensive, CCS was seeking a site of sufficient size to support its broad vision and sufficiently close for integrated operations between its two campuses. Only a mile from the Cultural Center, the massive Argonaut Building was a dream come true. “The Argonaut Building more than doubled the square footage of our overall campus, and gave us the opportunity to look at these alternate and diverse uses,” said Sleeman. The building also fit the college’s future expansion needs. “The building is a golden opportunity for us, because it addresses our immediate needs and has growth potential,” said Rogers. “We are looking at developing new programs, and we anticipate enrollment growth.” A FINANCIAL BLUEPRINT General Motors donated the building, funded a substantial portion of the due diligence, and covered the cost of asbestos remediation and removal of underground fuel storage tanks. Tax

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credits, bridge financing and a capital campaign supplied the rest of the gold in this golden opportunity. “We generated $70 million dollars from a combination of state Brownfield, federal New Markets and federal and state historic tax credits,” said Rogers. For the actual building, CCS formed the Argonaut Campus Developer, LLC to take full advantage of the tax credits. “There are also seven or eight limited liability corporations formed to take advantage of the tax credits,” added Sleeman. “The financing was incredibly complex,” said Robertson. “There were a large number of public and private partnerships, as well as relationships with banks and other traditional lenders.” The Michigan Historic Preservation Network, the New Center Council, and the University Cultural Center Association were a few of the strong supporters of the project. The Thompson Educational Foundation contributed $17 million for the build-out of the charter school spaces and construction of the gymnasium addition. “We used some CCS money from a previous fundraising campaign targeted at facility improvement,” said Rogers. “The last piece is a $55 million dollar fundraising campaign launched in July 2009 and set to conclude this December.” Added Robertson, “The project has won financing awards, and is a template for what can be done on other private and public partnership projects.” As an aid, a University of Michigan graduate student has written a white paper detailing the project’s financing mechanisms. Timing and good fortune also assisted the cause. “We closed our financing probably at the beginning of July 2008 – only shortly before the finance markets started to collapse,” said Robertson. Overall, the financial “construction” of this grand building consumed almost a year. “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


The total due diligence process – assessing costs, examining financial possibilities, and investigating the building – was quite an investigative undertaking. “Walbridge played a very important and a very intimate role during the due diligence process,” said Rogers.

Herbart. “We would be grinding the floor, and that is when we would discover some of the in-fill material. Some of the filled cavities had to be abated, and all the in-fill had to be removed to create the appropriate substrate for the selected finish material.”

A BAD PARKING SPOT Walbridge “walked the building” with its team of estimators and engineers to assess the condition of the building and assign a cost projection, said Vitso. This discovery phase revealed damaged parapets along 50 percent of the roofline and remnants of an old vehicular ramp in the interior. Only full-scale demolition can reveal the extent of building conditions. Demolition of the asphalt overlay blanketing the main parking deck uncovered the poor condition of the concrete structure. This discovery led to demolition of the parking structure that wrapped around the building’s southeast corner. “Having to demolish the parking structure was a major change in the scope of the project in the early phases,” said Cobb. The revised agenda called for construction of a new parking structure and the rebuilding of the concrete surface deck to accommodate the underground parking still existing below the former garage. Kahn’s master plan selected a site due south of the Taubman Center for a new parking deck built by a different project team. According to Sleeman, CCS retained its status as a not-forprofit organization to finance the parking structure using tax-exempt bonds, and for managing development of GM-donated parcels to the west, south and east of the building.

THE CORE: PAST IMPRESSIONS The past left its imprint in other ways. Walbridge removed the roots and remnants of a vehicular ramp that once coiled through the first six levels of this historic automotive testing and design facility. Parts of the ramp had been removed during construction of the B Building to create a continuous floor connection from west to east within the building interior. Walbridge removed remnants extending from the basement to the fourth floor. This internal pruning created space for a two-story atrium that currently houses John Chamberlain’s famous sculpture called Detroit Deliquescence – the once controversial work formed from dented auto body parts. Structurally, this reinforced concrete building is in rock solid shape. “The A Building is built like a fort,” said Vitso. “Because of a few leaks, some of the rebar had rusted in Building B, but we removed the concrete, cleaned the rebar, and patched it back together.” In addition, the first floor sustained minor salt damage from its past use as a parking area. Structural alterations included inserting a staircase in the shaft of one of two freight elevators. The other freight elevator was restored and once again transports prototype vehicles and major supplies from the first floor all the way to its final exit into the grand conference space on the top floor.

INTERIOR DEMOLITION: THE GRAND “OPENING” Late Spring 2008 marked a different type of grand opening. THE SHELL: FIRST IMPRESSIONS Walbridge began interior demolition of this massive building, This historic building has a wonderful street presence with its stripping away layers of flooring, lay-in ceilings, and old mechanical decorative brick and limestone bands rimming the parapet and and electrical systems that had accumulated over the course of much of the building’s lower level. An ornate semi-circle of the same almost 80 years of renovations. Basically, a thick layer of camouflage masonry outlines the grand arches of the upper levels, giving the covered the building’s true condition. “It was like peeling back the building its own unique signature among the other notable layers of an onion,” said Cobb. “When we got to the base we structures of the New Center area. discovered what the building was really like.” “Most of the brick and limestone weathered extremely well for its One surprise was the extent of the in-filled floor cavities. “Many of age,” said Cobb. “It’s a great example of how well brick and masonry Albert Kahn’s industrial and office buildings, including the Argonaut Building, had these cavity slabs that were a version of an early raised floor system for installing wiring and building systems,” said Cobb. Averaging two inches deep, the cavities blanketed thousands of square feet of floor space throughout the building. The cavities had been filled in over the decades with an assortment of materials, ranging from fly ash, wood and asphalt. Vitso estimates that this condition impacted 50 to 60 percent of the building’s floor slabs. Some cavities were only discovered while polishing the concrete floor. “The college The roughly L-shaped complex houses a contemporary gymnasium addition attached to Building B, wanted to preserve the raw loftoriginally constructed in 1936. The other half of the inverted L is Building A, a structure originally built in type atmosphere by having 1928 that once housed GM’s first laboratory and testing facility, as well as a car dealership with a two-story showroom facing Second Avenue. polished concrete floors,” said Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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can hold up and be repaired back to its original elegance.” Soil and Materials Engineers, Inc., Plymouth, surveyed and assessed the façade’s condition. “The parapets incurred the most damage along with some of the window headers,” said Vitso “In fact, about 50 percent of the parapets had to be partially rebuilt.” Salvaged masonry was used to repair the parapets and the entire façade. “The

slopes,” added Vitso. About 1,900 new windows with thermal break sashes complete the building’s shield against high-energy costs. Window selection, however, took a great deal of human energy. “Because the building is a national landmark, we had to negotiate with and obtain approvals from the National Park Service (NPS),” said Cobb. “We had a number of sessions to work through the details and NPS approvals.” Alterations to this historic

2008, said Vitso. “A new central water source heat pump system essentially borrows and circulates the latent heat from the interior of the building,” said Cobb. “We are not generating the heating and cooling from electricity, rather we are re-apportioning it within the building.” A computerized building management system with energy and lighting controls also boosts the energyefficiency of the facility, added Sleeman.

A neutral palette, exposed infrastructure, and flexible studio space, including studios with actual walls on wheels, offer the College for Creative Studies the optimal learning environment for design education.

parapets were dismantled, repaired, and then reassembled using the original materials,” said Herbart. “No new masonry was necessary for any of the exterior brick work.” This includes the repair of the exposed southeast façade that had once been blanketed by the now demolished parking deck. Restoration of this beautiful building cloak entailed tuck-pointing and re-caulking of the entire façade, as well as repainting of the iron clad plates and ornamentation near the arches. “The exterior is back to its original state as of 1936,” said Cobb. Beyond restoration, the project team married the elegance of the past with the energy-efficiency of the present. Energy Shield, Inc., Pontiac, blanketed the noninsulated brick wall with 100,000 pounds of spray polyurethane foam. Installation of a white TPO roof membrane also improves the building’s energy efficiency. “The new roofing system also includes new roof sumps and properly designed drainage

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building also required reviews by the City of Detroit Historic Commission and the State of Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Ultimately, replacement windows were removed and windows true to the building’s original façade were installed. “The mullion design harkens back to what the original steel sash windows looked like,” said Herbart. On the interior, removal of lay-in ceilings drew in the daylight and restored the top of the window arches to their original configuration. “We restored the original masonry openings and in-filled each with the entire original window unit,” said Herbart. “This increased the daylight coming into the building by a third at each window.” 21ST CENTURY INFRASTRUCTURE The new building systems also maximize energy efficiency. Walbridge eradicated all vestiges of the building’s mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems and began installation of new systems in the summer of

The HVAC system includes the use of several dedicated 100 percent outdoor airhandling units designed with dual rotary heat recovery wheels and supplemental heat pump coils to deliver neutraltemperature, outdoor ventilation air throughout the building. With over 10,000 light fixtures illuminating the facility, various control systems, including photo cells, motion sensors, multi-level switching, lowvoltage timer switches and relays, are used to conserve energy. Overall, using TRANE System Analyzer software and Detroit Edison utility rates, Kahn was able to determine a life-cycle cost analysis that revealed a 20 percent reduction in overall operating costs for the facility. Of course, “saving our building infrastructure from the landfill is the highest form of sustainability,” added Cobb. From interior demolition to new building systems, Kahn and Walbridge synchronized their work to keep the project on pace. “We worked on the core and shell, while the “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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design was being developed for the buildout of tenant spaces,” said Vitso. Nearing core and shell completion, Walbridge could turn its attention to the build out of the different “neighborhoods” within the interior. However, the demolition phase and its discoveries – for example, the presence of 11 underground fuel tanks instead of the anticipated two – tightened the schedule for the rest of the project. “It was quite intense, but we pulled it off by breaking the job down into manageable components,” said Vitso. Walbridge assigned five separate teams to different tenant spaces. “We managed each area as a separate job,” said Vitso. “We were already well underway with core and shell completion, so it was a matter of coordinating several large tenant jobs within the facility at the same time.” Walbridge even worked several shifts almost six to seven days a week in the last five months of the project. GET WITH THE PROGRAM Earlier in the project, Kahn met with building users to master plan the placement

of these interior neighborhoods. Kahn devised an efficient use of space, stacking similar spaces floor by floor. Overall, educational spaces are stacked in Building A with the charter school occupying the first four floors and CCS spaces occupying the sixth through the eleventh floors. “The science labs for the charter schools are even vertically stacked in the same area,” said Herbart. The plan takes advantage of the natural division between the two building wings. While Building A on the west is a high-rise schoolhouse, Building B on the east is a completely separate world. Building B is prepped for office space on the second, third and fourth floors; the entire fifth floor is reserved for business tenants. Under the master plan, CCS students boarding in the D live in Building B. The dorm rooms on the sixth through tenth floor ring the perimeter, leaving the central cores for communal areas, including a fitness center on one floor and a gaming room on another. Creating this arrangement was a detailed process. “We looked at important

adjacencies, building codes for egress, future growth considerations, and security issues,” said Herbart. Card readers, tailored to each user, permit access to specific building areas. The entire building has a 24/7 in-house security command center, as well as close circuit cameras. Four different entrances accommodate the building’s diverse tenants. “One challenge was preventing conflicts with other building users during the charter school’s drop-off and pick-up times,” said Cobb. “By putting the charter school over on the west side of the building in the first four floors, we were able to push those activities to the west near the Second Avenue entrance.” A BLANK SLATE Within the building, CCS and the charter schools share similar floor plans: CCS design studios and charter learning studios both ring the building perimeter, offering art and design students the natural light of a loft interior. The CCS core is devoted to computer labs and classroom space; the charter school core is reserved for collabo-

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“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


ration space and filled with locker-lined walls. The difference is in the finishes. The charter school has carpeted floors and bright accent colors. “They wanted to have a similar feel as the CCS spaces with the addition of primary and secondary colors as accents in the flooring and on the walls,” said Christine A. Trupiano, ASID, LEED® AP, Kahn senior associate, manager of interior design. CCS preferred an interior exposing the “bare bones of the building,” said Cobb. “The building becomes a blank canvas for the students’ work.” CCS spaces have polished concrete floors, exposed building systems, and a neutral color palette of white or gray for the display and critique of student art. “I think the entire project team did a great job of collaborating with the owner to come up with the end result, which is a design aesthetic of raw, authentic finishes,” said Robertson. Jennifer Luce, AIA, owner of Luce Et Studio, San Diego, contributed to the project as an owner-selected interior design consultant. Luce Et Studio contributed to the aesthetics of the common spaces within

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the first and second floors, provided furniture selection for CCS, including custom designed pieces for the common areas, and contributed to the color selections for the project. The exposed interior is also ideal for heavy shop activity in the art world’s version of a construction zone. “CCS students are not

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just designing on a computer, but working in foam, clay and wood,” said Sleeman. CCS studios are bustling with the hands-on creation of wood, metal, plastic resin and clay prototypes. Students translate ideas into hand-drawn sketches followed by computer-generated designs made tangible by CNC machines and spray paint booths

that finally turn an idea into an actual object coated in living color. An elaborate dust collection system and special air-handling units remove dust and odors far below the level of detection. All of this work is done in wonderfully flexible spaces. “CCS wanted classrooms without walls, spaces that were more flexible than what could be achieved with conventional operable partitions,” said Trupiano. “The end result is partitions on wheels that can be easily reconfigured and spaces that can be resized according to daily needs.” Added Cobb, “It’s a true universal space concept with walls on wheels and electrical pull cords that can be drawn down and moved wherever the student wants within the studio.” In addition, building systems are in exposed cable trays for easy access and alteration in these flexible, open and lightfilled creation zones. Because the systems are exposed, installation had to be visually appealing, and with tight floor-to-floor spans, the infrastructure had to hug the structure closely. “The ownership wanted to maximize the height of the ceilings,” said Robertson. “The exposed mechanical and electrical equipment is kept as high as possible to keep the volume of the space.” On the top floor, Building B houses the new conference center that once housed Earl’s design studio and office. The project team restored the actual turntable Earl used to display the latest concept car, unveiling his innovative creations to the assembled media by drawing back heavy velvet drapes that once hung in lush folds from the room’s proscenium arch. Contemporary events can promote their ideas using the conference center’s elaborate electrical, sound, lighting and IT systems. Pre-function space with fabulous views of the city, plus a series of private offices converted into breakout rooms, are other enviable assets of this wonderful and historic conference space. The project has already garnered a host of awards, including 2010 ESD Construction & Design Award, 2010 Michigan Governors Award for Historic Preservation, 2010 Michigan Historic Preservation Network Tax Credit Award, and 2010 CREW Detroit Impact Award for Redevelopment. Thanks to the incredible efforts of Walbridge, Kahn and the entire project team, Harley Earl would surely give this amazing building final design approval. His spirit lives on, as does this once shuttered national landmark now beautifully restored and fully alive with the collective creative force of the human enterprise. “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


From the Greek By David R. Miller, Associate Editor ike no others since, the Ancient Greeks knew how to tell a story. Heroic deeds and fantastic creatures from mythology have long captivated readers. Even the names demand attention. A story about people looking for the coat of a gold-haired

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Photos by Peplin Photographic

winged ram wouldn’t have been long remembered. The tale of the quest for the Golden Fleece undertaken by Jason and the Argonauts, on the other hand, is sure to draw a crowd. The flair and showmanship of the Greeks

of old is also evidenced in the rebirth of Detroit’s Greektown Casino. Now the site of a 400-room hotel, a 2,900-car parking deck, and a state-of-the-art gaming facility that has been transformed by renovations plus the addition of 125,000 square feet, “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


Greektown Casino-Hotel is a true entertainment destination. The project team that brought delivered this modern Greek classic included master architect Hnedak Bobo Group, Memphis, TN; construction manager Jenkins/Skanska Venture, Detroit; and local architects Rich and Associates and Rossetti Architects, both of Southfield. STAYING AT GREEKTOWN Greektown Casino had a strong following well before the hotel was built on the site. Building a hotel to appeal to casino visitors Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

entailed having an understanding of the clientele. “When you get into the hotel/casino business, it is all about building a better mousetrap,” said Bill Williams, vice president of guest services for Greektown CasinoHotel. “Our goal was to put up a 400-room hotel, which our development agreement required us to build, and to create a product that would speak to the customers that we were going after. We wanted to develop a product that met their needs, and one that we could sell to them at the right price to maximize occupancy in the hotel.” At only 1.3 nights, the average guest stay at Greektown Casino-Hotel is significantly shorter than at many other lodging facilities. This realization allowed the design team to offer rooms with a generous amount of floor space by cutting things that are commonly found in hotel rooms, but simply would not be missed here. Hotels that cater to families, for example, usually include full bathtubs to accommodate children who are too young for showers. Replacing bathtubs with wellproportioned showers saved space in each room, but this benefit would be of little value to guests if guests wanted bathtubs. Guests who missed this amenity would sure make their feelings known through the approximately 250 comment cards received by the hotel each week. “I’ve read every single card since we’ve been open,” said Williams. “Not a single person has asked about the tub.” Bathtubs are not the only amenity found in many hotel rooms that would be of limited value for the Greektown guest. Shorter average stays limit the amount of space that is needed for storing personal items, so closets and cabinets are smaller than what is typically found in hotels. By taking away these items that would not be used anyway, the designers were able to create an open design that never feels cluttered. Greektown guests can easily walk on both sides of their beds, which is a true rarity in hospitality settings. In fact, creating the proper feel for the rooms was so important that the owners decided to expand the width of the entire hotel beyond what would comfortably fit on the site to make the rooms the proper size. Only a total of five feet were added, but the effect on the guest rooms was dramatic. The distinctive “bump-outs” visible on the exterior also widened certain floors. By removing some of the frills, Greektown is able to offer luxurious overnight accommodations at an attractive price with an average rate of $100 a night. Creating a facility that exceeds any expectations

created by the affordable room rates was a challenge for the entire project team. The success of this effort is apparent throughout the building, but nowhere more so than in the lobby. A massive teardrop chandelier made from 2,300 individual pieces of blown glass dominates the five-story-high lobby. Upon first glance, this structure appears to be a light source, but its dazzling luminescence is actually provided by a series of wallmounted lights that are pointed at it. Gold leaf squares, which were individually installed, catch the light while capturing the eye. Other lobby features include a 12-foot long fireplace, a monumental staircase, a stainless steel mirrored ceiling and a unique Glass-Fiber Reinforced Gypsum wall that looks more like a flowing canvass than an unmoving wall. The entire space is also accented with architectural features that create the image of a massive sphere passing through the oval shape of the lobby itself, which adds visual interest through its complexity. All of these features combine to forcefully expel any lowered expectations that may have resulted from the affordable price. Also exceeding expectations are the many other fine amenities offered by the hotel. The facility boasts 25,000 square feet of conference or banquet room space, a fitness center, a restaurant and two bars. Shotz Sports Bar & Grill makes the best use of its ground floor location with eye-catching graphics that are designed to draw in patrons who are attending sporting events in Detroit. Shotz also features a dramatic onyx bar that is backlit to provide a distinctive look and DJs add to the excitement on weekends. Live entertainment is featured on weekends at the more refined Eclipz, which is located right off the casino floor. Dining options at the hotel include the 175-seat Bistro 555, with sophisticated décor and spectacular views of the opulent lobby, along with the limitless portions and nearly limitless options that are available at the more relaxed International Buffet. There are plenty of things to see and do at the Greektown Casino-Hotel, but none of them would be possible unless the project team found a way to build on this challenging site. BUILDING IN GREEKTOWN As visitors approach the Greektown Casino-Hotel, the glass soaring hotel tower is undoubtedly the first thing they will see. The painstaking efforts that were taken to blend the structure in with its surroundings, CAM MAGAZINE

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evidenced by exterior brick on the lower floors, become apparent at a closer distance. “We thought it was very much to the owner’s credit that tying the building in nicely neighboring structures was a priority,” said Deena Fox, PMP, MBA, LEED AP, associate and project manager for Rossetti Architects. “Our entire team looked at brick samples and the cladding of the existing buildings in the neighborhood. We looked at our options and made selections that would be

As visitors approach the Greektown Casino-Hotel, the soaring glass hotel tower is undoubtedly the first thing they will see. Painstaking efforts were taken to blend the structure in with its surroundings.

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appropriate for this new building, so it would fit in well with the fabric of the neighborhood.” Fitting into a neighborhood entails much more than merely building a facility to blend in. Building a structure as large as the Greektown Casino-Hotel would certainly cause some inconvenience for neighbors, but the project team maintained a steady flow of information to minimize this. Most business owners were cooperative, at least

partly because they realized that they too would benefit from enhanced foot traffic that would be generated from the reinvigorated entertainment destination. In addition to working with neighbors, the project team needed to adapt to tight site conditions. “We knew that there would be some issues with staging,” said Nathan Peak, lead designer for Hnedak Bobo Group. “We knew that we would take up every square inch of what we were building on, so we needed to work with Jenkins/Skanska to figure out where we could put tower cranes.” Getting workers and materials safely onsite was a challenge in itself, but some of the biggest logistical issues centered on the nearby casino. “We couldn’t prevent people from coming into the building and it is a 24/7 operation,” said Dave Pettijohn, general superintendent for Jenkins/Skanska. “We couldn’t just schedule work on Sundays and plan on not having anyone here. There were people here at 2:00 in the morning.” The project team also needed to make accommodations for the Wayne County Juvenile Detention Facility (WCJDF) located across the street. Like the casino, the WCJDF never closed. A number of busy surface streets, along with I-375, were also located nearby. Although the project team was never able to close any of these major thoroughfares completely, they could close individual lanes as long as all lanes were open for rush hour. “Typically, you close off lanes of traffic to create the limits of your site and you don’t think about it again until the project is done,” said Darrell Greer, LEED AP, senior project manager for Jenkins/Skanska. “We had to deal with it every day here. Every day, we had to accommodate something different.” Since the hotel, parking deck and casino expansion/renovation were all taking place concurrently, there were six separate openings as various project elements were completed. Permits were required for each opening, but the project team had very high praise for the code officials who conducted inspections in a timely manner. Though the project team was quick to point out that they were not given a “free pass,” they were able to open every new element as scheduled. The efforts of the project team played the largest role in this accomplishment, but the flexibility of the City of Detroit Building & Safety Engineering Department certainly helped. Of course, opening new portions of the facility would mean very little if patrons were unable to get to them. “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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(Above) A massive teardrop chandelier made from 2,300 individual pieces of blown glass dominates the five-story lobby.

(Below) Shotz Sports Bar & Grill features a dramatic onyx bar that is backlit to provide a distinctive look.

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“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


GETTING AROUND IN GREEKTOWN For most visitors, the Greektown CasinoHotel experience will begin in the new parking garage that was built on site. Early site plans called for an eight-level garage over what is now the combined footprint of the hotel and garage, with the hotel being built at another site nearby. Space for the hotel was eventually carved out of what had been planned for the garage. Even though the garage was expanded vertically to 12 levels, space was at a premium. An intricate double-threaded helix was the only option to move cars between levels in the space allowed. This series of intertwined corkscrews would be a challenge to build under any circumstances, but an additional complication soon arose. “We were anticipating that the doublethreaded helix would be a typical pour-in-place, post-tensioned system, with the rest of the structure being precast,” explained Matthew Jobin, AIA, associate for Rich Associates. “We ended up with a precast double-threaded helix. If we had done cast-in-place, we would have been waiting for the ramp to get done. Precast gave us the opportunity to erect the building the way that we wanted to, so we could get the building up and occupied as quickly as possible.” It took about three weeks just to determine if precast was a viable option given the complexity of the structure. Precision was crucial, as forms for cast-inplace concrete can be bent or adjusted in the field, but once precast pieces arrive on site, their shapes are literally set in stone. Much to their credit, National Precast, Inc. of Roseville performed this work flawlessly. Casino visitors stepping out of the parking garage would have been in for a pretty long drop if the team had ended their work with that portion of the project. Fortunately, the team created a pedestrian bridge crossing the intersection of St. Antoine and Monroe. Getting casino patrons across the street was only one hurdle the for the project team. The original entrance to the casino was on the opposite side of the building, so a new grand entry was created. The new walkway that provided access to this entry safely carried pedestrians through the hotel, which would not be finished for another 16 months, through a renovated portion of the Old St. Mary’s School and through a single structural bay of the new gap building before structural steel work was even complete. Getting an occupancy permit for this portion of the Gap building required a coordinated effort from everyone involved, Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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This Glass-Fiber Reinforced Gypsum wall looks more like a flowing canvas than an unmoving structure. The lobby’s fine features combine to expel any lowered expectations that may have resulted from the affordable room rates at the hotel.

PROBLEM SOLVING Unexpected issues are bound to come up on any project as large as the Greektown Casino-Hotel, but one in particular had everyone talking. “Halfway through this job, the owner went bankrupt,” said Scot Norris, project executive for Jenkins/Skanska. “Fortunately, nobody panicked. If only one big sub had said, ‘I’m outta here,’ this job would have come tumbling down. The owner was very open about the situation and no one was asked to overextend themselves. We met with the subs regularly, told them what we knew, and answered any questions that we could. Surprisingly enough, everyone had a little

faith and everyone got paid.” The owner built up trust by never making promises that could not be kept and by keeping lines of communication open. Subcontractors quickly came to understand that the owner had a vested interest in seeing the project completed and they never needed to look farther than the Greektown Casino, which never closed, to understand that the money that would make the project possible was still coming in. They were quick to chip in and they even provided some innovative solutions to get the job done. When delivery of marble countertops for some of the rooms was delayed, ceramic tile contractor Michigan Tile & Marble, Detroit [working under subcontract to carpentry, drywall and ceiling contractor TurnerBrooks, Inc., Madison Heights] fabricated substitutions out of marble slabs. After taking field measurements in the rooms, crews raced down to a fabrication shop that had been set up in the parking garage and then hauled the completed countertops up to the rooms for installation, which saved a considerable amount of time over fabricating them elsewhere. Millwork contractor Trend Millwork, Inc., Lincoln Park, also received high praise for producing quality work on an accelerated schedule. Incorporating meeting spaces into the hotel was problematic from a structural standpoint. Columns can inhibit the functionality of a meeting room, but the hotel’s narrow footprint made it difficult to create large clear spans. The solution was found in a massive beam that transferred a portion of the buildings load to compensate for not having columns in the meeting rooms, but the six-foot-deep, 146-cable concrete beam presented a sizeable obstacle for mechanical and electrical contractors to work around. Mechanical and electrical contractors also helped to ensure the success of the project by routing their work for the hotel through a heated plenum in the parking garage that had been constructed to compensate for the lack of a hotel basement in which to place equipment. The project team that created the Greektown Hotel-Casino is truly the stuff of legends for their combination of expertise, dedication and problem-solving ability. It remains to be seen if the story of their success will be passed down to future generations, like the myths of old. Fortunately, we can enjoy the fruits of their labor today at Detroit’s Winning Address, the Greektown Casino-Hotel.

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Fly the Friendly Skies of Grand Rapids

By Mary E. Kremposky Associate Editor

hen the wheels of Air Force One touched down on the runway at Gerald R. Ford International Airport in Grand Rapids this past July, our current Commander-in-Chief was in good hands at a facility that has customer service and operational efficiency down to an art. Thanks to the inspired design of Gresham, Smith and Partners, Nashville, and the quality work of The Christman Company, Grand Rapids, the airport itself can be viewed as a work of

W

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Photography by Curt Clayton, Clayton Studio

art. An amazing wave of glass and steel – measuring 200-feet-wide by 600-feet-long - forms a sun-washed canopy linking the existing terminal to a new parking deck. The streamlined curve of the canopy sweeps above a wide boulevard and an inviting streetscape filled with the warm terracotta cladding of the recently completed parking deck. The Terminal Area and Parking Improvement Program truly has turned the second busiest commercial airport in “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


facade of terracotta, metal mesh and exposed concrete. One section of this remarkable parking deck hosts a welcoming wall, framed in terracotta and filled with a photo art mural of West Michigan. Quality control was even more vital for the canopy’s streamlined waves of steel. The entire canopy is composed of 13 different trusses, each formed of three truss sections welded together on site with the aid of engineered jigs, said Daniel C. LaMore, PE, Christman, senior vice president, West Michigan operations. The use of engineered jigs insured a seamless alignment of the shop-built pieces. Christman and Steelcon, Inc., Kalamazoo, employed a mighty Manitowoc crane to lift the trusses, achieving a perfect fit of each truss and its two support columns. The project team worked virtually every Saturday night throughout the summer of 2008, essentially hoisting a new truss every weekend to avoid disrupting airport operations. “We had to make sure we were not disruptive in any way,” said LaMore. “We recognized that even though the airport is our customer, they aren’t the core customer. The real customers are the airlines and the 10,000 people who come to this airport every single day.” Christman and the Kent County Department of Aeronautics worked closely together to maintain airport operations and customer service, all for a project dedicated to taking that service to an even higher level. Every customer and weary traveler now enjoys an easily navigated parking structure with a clear “flight path” or route through the garage, across a sky bridge and into the terminal building with its own improved circulation pathways. The two, glass-enclosed sky bridges flow directly into two newly carved terminal entrances. Christman also constructed additions to the existing terminal building, installing four new escalators to improve interior routing. The overall project provides customers a smooth trajectory from the minute they leave their car to the moment they take their seat on one of the airport’s 125 daily flights.

the state into an impressive gateway to West Michigan. Christman built this $118 million dollar project over the course of two years without disrupting the smooth operations of an airport that generates over $500 million annually in economic activity. Christman Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

delivered a quality facility on budget and on schedule. “The quality of the workmanship is second to none,” said James A. Koslosky, A.A.E. executive director of the Kent County Department of Aeronautics. Christman’s focus on quality produced a 4,700-car parking deck with a beautiful

AN AIRPORT TAKES FLIGHT The project began with the basic need for more parking. “We were running at 100 percent capacity in the main lots,” said Koslosky. The airport was tight on parking and short on shelter. “We had all surface parking prior to this project,” Koslosky added. “With the vagaries of West Michigan’s weather – we have about 100 inches of snow annually – the parking CAM MAGAZINE

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With this wonderful welcome wall, travelers across the country and around the globe feel right at home in an airport whose operational efficiency matches the quality of this remarkable expansion’s design and construction.

garage became an issue of customer service.” The project increased the airport’s parking capacity from 6,000 to just under 10,000 spaces. About half of the spaces are housed in this classy and convenient new parking deck with two light courts, as well as electronic signage stating the number of parking spaces available on each level. Beyond convenience, what visitors will find memorable is the sheer enjoyment of being in a wonderful space. The 142,500square-foot canopy is a broad and lovely wave of curved steel and segmented glass paying tribute to the region’s vast Great Lakes shoreline. “The curvature of the grand roadway canopy was inspired by the shape of a water wave, and references Lake Michigan’s significant influence on West Michigan,” said Alan J. Pramuk, PE, CM, Gresham, Smith and Partners. The development also honors the airport’s host city, for the deck’s terracotta cladding is a contemporary expression of the brick buildings of downtown Grand Rapids. The canopy soars 36 to 56 feet above the streetscape and deck; its trusses casting shadows across the light-washed terracotta and the wide boulevard unfolding beneath this inspired glass wave. “Glass was selected as the main material for the Grand Canopy to allow as much natural light onto

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the roadway below as possible,” said Pramuk. “Bands of tinting were utilized to create some variance in the amount of light transmission below, while still creating the effect of a light, airy space.” Beyond beauty and shelter, the canopy also serves another core function. “Visually, the curved shape of the canopy blends the four-story parking deck and one-story terminal in such a way that the terminal building does not become dwarfed,” Pramuk added. The canopy works with the parking deck to turn a bustling, successful airport into a destination space. “Because we wanted a gateway image for the entire region,” said Koslosky, “we didn’t want a parking structure that looked like a blockhouse out in front of the terminal building.” The parking deck is an ensemble of distinctive shapes, beginning with a circular or helical ramp and a glass stair and elevator enclosure or beacon tower. Pramuk offers a visitor’s eye-view of this exciting new development, “When driving down the main roadway into the airport, the driver will experience design elements in sequence: first the arc of the gateway, then the helix ramp, the beacon tower around the corner, and finally the grand roadway canopy and the big welcome wall beneath it.” Accolades are pouring in from the

airport’s customers. The response can be summarized by a single word: Wow. “I often just walk through the airport as part of my management approach, and I met a man taking photographs who said, ‘I’ve never seen an airport as beautiful and as convenient as this one. I didn’t expect this in a city the size of Grand Rapids,’” said Koslosky. A satisfied Koslosky added, “We now have a modern, state-of-the-art airport terminal. The facility is very welcoming and truly offers a gateway image for West Michigan.” THE FLIGHT PLAN Most successful endeavors have a long history. The genesis of this 20-acre project is an airport master plan formulated in 1992. “The master plan forecasted we would need a parking structure by 2005,” said Koslosky. “The update in 2004 reaffirmed the need for the facility.” The Kent County Department of Aeronautics and the airport board networked with a Community Advisory Committee to produce a list of clearly defined project goals, ranging from generating a gateway image to maintaining reasonable parking rates. “We obtained input from the Grand Rapids parking authority, the chamber of commerce and economic development organizations,” said “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


Koslosky. The airport began building the improvement program on paper, both as a financial feasibility study and as a conceptual design. Design reviews were conducted at 30, 60 and 90 percent completion to track and refine the cost. Gresham, Smith and Partners finalized the design in summer 2007 with the airport releasing it for lump sum bids and awarding the contract to Christman in August 2007. Christman, an experienced construction manager/general contractor with a national presence and offices throughout Michigan, near Washington, D.C. and in Augusta, GA, carved $4 million to $5 million off the bid in value-engineering strategies. “We looked at over 120 different items to somehow reduce the costs,” said Thomas R. Ecklund, P.E. Kent County Department of Aeronautics facilities director. “The vast majority of the value engineering came from Christman. They did a great job in identifying certain areas for cost savings.” Replacing the colored concrete of the boulevard with asphalt was one of the more significant cost reductions. “We also changed the design and thickness of some of the metal mesh in the parking structure,” added Ecklund. The airport board was adamant about retaining the terracotta cladding as an investment in the image and future of this important Michigan transportation hub. “We want this to be a showcase facility that is going to be here for 50 years or more, so we said, ‘Let’s do it right,’” recalled Koslosky. “Doing it right” included minimizing walking distances between parking deck and terminal, and creating a parking deck with quick, convenient and simple vehicle access. The ideas of a local transit group were even taken to heart in the planning process. Three transit stations line the boulevard’s center median, including one reserved for public transit to the airport. “One transit station services hotel shuttles, the other is a parking shuttle for both the public and the employee lots, and the third services public transit coming to the airport from a Grand Rapids mall,” said Koslosky. Bus service from downtown Grand Rapids directly to the airport transit station is expected in the future. NIGHT FLIGHT Building this massive project required another set of detailed “flight plans.” The two-year project was broken into a series of phases designed to keep the airport operational. “We paid a great deal of attention to customer service, working very Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

effectively with Christman to establish and implement the phasing plan,” said Koslosky. September 2007 marked the launch of this large-scale undertaking with Christman beginning construction of the north half of the 2-million-square-foot parking structure. The footprint of the south half temporarily housed the airport’s curbside and ground transportation operations displaced by the

canopy’s construction. Christman constructed a series of temporary roadways and shelters to service this zone. “The existing curbside operation continued as Christman constructed the temporary roadways and shelters,” said Pramuk. “Once the temporary curbside was completed, operations were shifted to this temporary area overnight, and work could

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begin on the Grand Canopy.” For canopy construction, a different type of liftoff took place after the last plane touched down for the night at Gerald R. Ford International Airport. Clearing the runway of the last plane and the baggage area of the last passenger was the signal to turn on the light towers and spring the Manitowoc crane into action for the lift of another 19ton truss. Midnight through 4 a.m. on Saturday night and into early hours of Sunday morning was the fleeting window of time available for truss installation – one girder per Saturday over the course of the summer, except for the first two trusses that were installed together for structural stability. “It had to be done between the last flight and the first flight,” said Koslosky. Both advance and flexible planning were part of the game plan. The project team prepared a new diagram and action plan for every lift. “Christman and the airport created a series of plans that plotted the position of the lifting crane and the jigs,” said Ecklund. “The plan determined the zone of influence for each girder lift, because we had to close different parts of the terminal for different lifts.” Added LaMore, “Every truss operation was basically the same, but the coordination in the terminal was different. As we kept

moving down the line, we were effecting a different group of people and a different area of the terminal.” Keeping airport visitors safely out of the construction zone involved the installation of temporary pedestrian tunnels or enclosed walkways that were moved to more than nine different locations over the course of the project. “The temporary covered walkways were very effective, because they could pick them up in sections to connect with the terminal building,” said Koslosky. Late Saturday night at the airport began the orchestration of man, machine and steel as Christman and airport management convened in the Golden Eagle boardroom to assess current conditions. “We first met in the boardroom to check the schedule of flights to see if we could actually start at midnight,” said Ecklund. “The baggage area might still be open at midnight, depending on the flight’s actual time of arrival. We had our staff placed in different locations in the terminal to direct pedestrian flow down the proper ramp and out the proper door. If the lift impacted the temporary roadway system, we would have police officers available to stop any traffic. Personnel across the airport were in constant radio communication with each other.” Cleared for “take-off,” the Manitowoc

crane – the largest in its class with the most mass lifting capacity – would lift, swing and hoist the 12-foot-deep curved truss skyward before setting it into position. Members of the Steelcon crew, called connectors, worked from Condor lifts to connect the truss to the four bolts of each column’s mating plate, explained LaMore. “What was amazing to me is setting a threedimensional, curved truss on two fixed points and having the trusses and columns match perfectly – every time,” said Koslosky. A PERFECT FIT Christman’s rigorous quality control hit the bulls-eye every time, successfully bringing each of the 13 massive girders into perfect alignment with their two support columns. A series of crossbeams link the girders into a stable structural system. “It was a complicated but very much controlled operation,” said LaMore. This amazing alignment was the product of precision planning in every phase of construction, beginning with the placement of the canopy’s 26 columns using lasers and GPS. Each column is composed of a concrete-filled, 3-foot diameter steel pipe that rests on a 20 x 20 spread footing. Accurate placement of the columns was critical. “With a structural steel building, one

PHOTO COURTESY OF GRESHAM, SMITH AND PARTNERS

Night work and other strategies enabled Christman to deliver this $118 million dollar project without disrupting airport operations.

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“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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to achieve perfect alignment. “When welding steel it is very important to have everything perfectly aligned,” said LaMore. “It is not like working with wood or thin metal that has some flexibility.” Using GPS, the fit of truss and column was checked and double-checked by Christman and Steelcon teams. “Everyone would buy off before we would mobilize,” said LaMore. “Given what needed to happen to build the truss, to gear up to set the truss between midnight and 4 am, to shut down the terminal, and to mobilize crew, equipment, and airport staff, we just couldn’t afford for the truss not to fit. We checked it over and over, because we only had one chance.” All of this meticulous work bore fruit at the moment the truss clicked perfectly into place during all 13 lifts. After completion of this phenomenal steel structure, the Christman crew installed approximately 3,000 pieces of segmented glass almost an inch thick. One last material completes this inspired canopy. A barely visible expanse of netting blankets the canopy to prevent birds from nesting in the new structure.

can actually move columns out of plumb and bring them back in to make things fit, but this is not possible with these large diameter, concrete-filled columns,” said LaMore. “We didn’t have any give in tolerance to be able to shift these large columns.” For quality control, the trusses were

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PHOTO BY GREEN FROG PHOTO

An amazing wave of glass and steel - measuring 200-feet-wide by 600-feet-long - forms a sun-washed canopy linking the existing terminal to a new parking deck.

manufactured off site and delivered to the jobsite in three sections. “They manufactured as much as they could in the controlled environment of a shop,” said LaMore. Once on site, the three sections of shop-fabricated steel were welded together using engineered jigs built in the shop. The guidance of these engineered jigs was vital

AN AMAZING FEAT The canopy’s creation was quite a construction, engineering and logistical feat. “When they were installing the glass, the bird netting and painting the trusses, I looked out my window one day and counted 18 different cranes in use,” said Ecklund. Gresham, Smith and Partners designed the free-standing canopy to withstand various loading conditions. “I was told that you could drive a pick-up truck across the top of the canopy just to give an idea of the load the canopy is capable of supporting,” said Koslosky. For starters, the canopy is designed to handle uplift – a powerful force that gives flight to a plane but could damage this part wing, part wave-like structure. “Wind creates pressures and uplift forces, similar to the aerodynamics of how an aircraft wing lifts a plane and how a sail acts to propel sail boats,” said Pramuk. “The structure also had to account for the extreme snow loads in West Michigan. Overall, the structural modeling accounted for uplift, snow load, and for snow drifting and ice melt conditions for this geographic region.” Pramuk explains the rainwater and snowmelt management system: “Rainwater will be directed by the curved form of the canopy to the large rain gutters sitting at the low points of the profile. The manufacturer offered a panelized system of glass, gaskets “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


and framing between the structural trusses to provide a watertight system, which directs water and snow to the gutter system that accommodates large snowmelts and the region’s rainfall.” ALL HANDS ON DECK Christman worked simultaneously on the canopy above and the utility grid below the boulevard. “Work under the Grand Canopy required additional phasing to insure all water and sewer operations continued to service the airport,” said Pramuk. “This civil work was performed during the installation of the canopy steel, glazing and application of paint. At one point, utility contractors proceeded under the canopy while 41 lifts jockeyed all around them.” In total, Christman removed, relocated and replaced sewer, water, stormwater, gas and electric lines, often encountering infrastructure in locations not accurately represented on the as-built drawings, added LaMore. In this atypical work sequence, “The canopy was even done before paving of the roadways,” said Koslosky. “Once they completed the new roadways, utilities and finished the canopy, we were able to demolish the temporary roadways and begin construction of the south half of the parking deck.” The canopy was finished in the first year of the project, but construction of the massive parking deck consumed the entire two years. Christman Constructors, Inc., the company’s self-perform group, together with team member Grand River Construction, put in place more than 75,000 cubic yards of concrete on this cast-in-place, post-tensioned structure. As part of its equipment arsensal, Christman employed two tower cranes, placed in three different locations over the course of the deck’s construction. “The tower cranes enabled us to reach out farther across this large parking structure,” said LaMore. Christman brought the same level of quality control to the parking deck’s construction. The structure’s wonderfully varied skin has sections of exposed concrete framed in terracotta masonry with aluminum trim. With sections of exposed concrete employed as a finish material, “I think the most important challenge was maintaining quality control – both visually and structurally – over such a huge concrete structure,” said LaMore. Pouring the deck continued throughout the winter until the season gave way to the rains of spring and summer. The combination of rain and the site’s clay soil led to the need for fairly frequent Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

dewatering. “These conditions are fairly common on construction sites, but on this project each condition and its cost was magnified by the sheer size of the project,” said LaMore. Constructed through snow and rain, the end result is a parking facility that offers customer service in style. Beyond the appealing weave of its exterior cladding, the parking structure has two light courts that

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span almost the entire width of the deck and extend from the fourth to the first level. Kalwall was selected as the courts’ roofing material, because “the systems provide a more gentle glow in lighting up the spaces below,” said Pramuk. The light courts or wells are an integral part of the easily navigated trajectory from parking deck to terminal. The primary pedestrian walkways follow the line of the

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light wells through the garage in a direct alignment with the elevators within the deck and the sky bridges leading to the terminal. “The translucent roof panel system allows daylight into the lower levels of the structure and enhances the way finding function of the pedestrian pathway,” said Pramuk. Added Ecklund, “People parking in the surface lot to the north can enter the second level of the parking deck and follow the primary pathway through the deck to the terminal, as well.” Other elements enhance the visitor experience. “Prominent elements of the parking garage include a well-lit interior with extra height between parking levels to improve visibility, and superior lighting and clarity of signage to aid vehicular circulation,” said Pramuk. In summary, the entire parking deck provides a perfectly organized system designed to ease the strain of travel. As an overall circulation plan, “half of the first floor of the garage is for short-term parking, while the other half houses the rent-a-car offices,” said Koslosky. “The helix houses the ramps leading to long-term parking on the second, third and fourth floors.” TAKE OFF Constructing two sky bridges and remodeling the terminal compose the last phase of this two-year transformation. The sky bridges “float” below the glass canopy offering a beautiful vista of the streetscape below and the cloudscape above. The interior of the two bridges maintains a high level of finish, providing a fitting welcome mat of terrazzo flooring inset with an undulating blue wave symbolizing Lake Michigan. The blue tones and figured Maplewood accents link the finishes of the sky bridges and the terminal interior. Christman’s work within the terminal includes new flooring, new carpeting, adding four escalators, and creating new entrances. “The architect did a good job of blending with the interior colors used in the remodeling of the terminal in 1999,” said Ecklund. The grand project officially opened in October 2009. Accolades are already being showered on this captivating development with a great sense of place. The airport improvement is even being favorably viewed in the blogosphere. “The architect’s on-site representative, Charles McArdle, found a blog comment from a happy traveler who said he just arrived at 10 p.m. and what a pleasant surprise the airport was with its great canopy and welcome wall lit at night,” said Ecklund. The future is certainly looking up at this bustling airport. “The design of the parking structure allows for another overhead pedestrian walkway, because the master plan calls for the terminal to be expanded to the west,” said Ecklund. The project is also allowing Christman to expand its presence in the airport marketplace. At the end of July 2010, Christman was awarded the contract for a new control tower for the Traverse City Airport. Whether you are flying Air Force One or taking a short business flight, visitors to the Gerald R. Ford International Airport enjoy all the ease and convenience of this wonderful facility in the heart of West Michigan. Rolling out a beautiful welcome mat to the region, the Kent County Department of Aeronautics, The Christman Company, and Gresham, Smith and Partners have gone above and beyond the call of duty to bring the magic of flight to the new and improved airport below. Gerald R. Ford International Airport has clearly arrived as a destination in its own right.

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igh-tech manufacturing forever changed the landscape in a portion of the San Francisco Bay Area, which will now always be known as Silicon Valley, but much of the raw material that powers the information age and the new energy economy comes from a location that is much closer to home. In fact, Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation manufacturers over one quarter of the silicon used worldwide for the solar and electronics industries. Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation, based just 10 miles west of Saginaw, could lead the way as the Saginaw Valley’s prominence suddenly eclipses California’s well-known technology hub. Hemlock Semiconductor was well suited to meet the growing need for pure polycrystalline silicon from a manufacturing standpoint, but the company lacked a real front door to its 400-acre site. The recently completed 57,500-square-foot Corporate Center addresses this need while combining a strong corporate identity with office and conference space. Team members that created this multi-faceted structure included owner and construction manager Hemlock Semiconductor; architectural trades contractor, Granger Construction Company, Lansing; mechanical contractor John M. Jacobs Plumbing and Heating, Bay City; electrical contractor William F. Nelson Electric, Saginaw; and architect Wigen Tincknell Meyer & Associates, Saginaw.

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CHANGING NEEDS Most of the buildings on the Hemlock Semiconductor campus date back to the 1960s. These “architectural hand-medowns” were repurposed as necessary and Hemlock Semiconductor simply made do, until a global resurgence in demand for silicon mandated a fresh approach. “Their existing buildings did not function as well as they should have mechanically and electrically,” said Thomas Reay, AIA, LEED AP, Wigen Tincknell Meyer & Associates. “They wanted a new building that would respond to their needs now and in the future.” Construction is a common occurrence at Hemlock Semiconductor, where 800-1,200 contractors are typically employed to meet the complex facilities’ needs that relate to silicon production. Still, the new administration represented a rare opportunity for the company. “We were a bit architecturally naïve going into this project,” admitted Tod Lange, expansion engineering for Hemlock Semiconductor. “We don’t get many opportunities like this. We do not have a Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

commercial campus here. Our repeated opportunities are on the industrial side. We are very particular about what our partners do on the industrial side, but we put a lot of trust in this architectural team and in their ability to do the job well.” Hemlock Semiconductor typically runs the show on construction projects that occur on its site, and the company still played a very active role on this project, but company leaders also deferred to the experience and expertise of the team. Even though Hemlock Semiconductor lacked a thorough understanding of the architectural nuances that govern non-industrial projects, the company leadership did possess the wisdom to assemble a capable team and to heed the guidance received from that team. “As a client, you were astute at knowing what you wanted,” said Reay to Lange. “You would present something to me and I would respond to it. That is a great way to work because it gave us the opportunity to do what we could for you. You had a vision, but you were also open to exploring things.” The vision presented to Wigen Tincknell Meyer & Associates contained few specifics, which gave the architect much greater flexibility. “They [the Hemlock Semiconductor project team] wanted to see what we could do,” explained Reay. “No one ever came up to us and said, ‘Don’t do this.’ The told us what they needed and waited for us to come back to them. They gave us plenty of direction about their needs, but they also allowed us to try to satisfy those needs.” When asked if this approach resulted in a better building for Hemlock Semiconductor, Reay’s one word answer spoke volumes. “Yeah,” he said without a moment’s pause. Reay went on to explain that design is a creative process, but one that is also bound by practical realities. The freedom to explore new ideas is effectively checked as design professionals investigate the ramifications of these ideas. “If a concept is valid, things start falling into place,” said Reay. “That is what happened here. Instead of trying to manipulate the concept into a way that it didn’t want to go, we let it have its own life. Valid ideas usually work themselves out.” The corporate culture that has led Hemlock Semiconductor to success in the silicon arena also led the company to enable the architect with the freedom to evaluate the validity of ideas. When concepts were demonstrated to have value, Hemlock Semiconductor stood ready to accept them because the company’s top minds had already painstakingly developed the vision

that guided the design. MEETING NEEDS The new Administration Building fills a variety of needs for Hemlock Semiconductor, including serving as a front door for the company’s campus. Like any front door, it needed to control access to the building behind it, but this took on added importance at Hemlock Semiconductor because of the corporation’s proprietary technology used to manufacture polysilicon. Sophisticated access control requirements include card-activated turnstiles that will only admit a single person at a time. People can be granted limited access, or even prevented from leaving the building, based on the information that is encoded onto their cards. Of course, doors are programmed to operate automatically to meet egress needs in the event of an emergency. Most doors that are commercially available did not meet the security requirements at Hemlock Semiconductor, so extensive modification and hardware replacement was often needed to incorporate desired products into the building. Hemlock Semiconductor also has its own fire safety standard that exceeds code requirements. Contractors were hired for the installation, but Hemlock Semiconductor provided the design and performed internal reviews. Sophisticated alarms and double firewalls were part of a comprehensive safety culture that contractors needed to adopt for themselves if they wanted to work on the site. “They [Hemlock Semiconductor] have their own safety department, so safety compliance was a focus on the job,” said Chuck Barnes, project manager and estimator for Granger Construction Company. “You needed to complete a safety orientation just to get onsite.” In addition to completing site-specific safety training, trades workers also needed to apply for work permits each morning. Since permit requests detailed what work would be performed, how it would be performed, and what the safety risks were, pre-task planning was a must. Safety requirements placed additional deadline pressure on the project team because their options for increasing manpower on the site were limited. Additional people could be, and sometimes were, assigned, but this all needed to be planned in advance because of the safety training requirement and background checks that were mandated without exception. In addition to a project team and a CAM MAGAZINE

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finished facility that met Hemlock Semiconductor’s complex security and safety needs, the company also required a building that created an identity for the company. Rapid growth would inevitably entail more contact with the public. The company therefore needed a face with which to greet the public. As visitors approach the building, the

emphasis on technology is reinforced by stainless steel and glass that is softened with masonry that blends in well with the existing campus. Glass is also highlighted in the building’s sun-drenched lobby. As visitors progress into the building, the cold, tech-heavy feel of the exterior gradually gives way to the warmth that only rich wood finishes can provide. This cozy ambiance is

Glass is highlighted in the building’s sun-drenched lobby.

strongly supported by the 80 artworks that were commissioned for the building. Rising head and shoulders above the neutral landscapes found in many corporate offices, each individual work has a distinct identity and was chosen to appeal to the broad array of nationalities and cultures that would likely visit the facility. Still, the most noteworthy artistic expression inside the facility is arguably the ornate and functional central staircase. Contractors spent countless hours adapting the gentle curves of the staircase to the rigid dimensions of wood paneling and trim, but the end result is as worthy of display as any museum piece. Since the design was fasttracked, contractors needed to work very closely with the architect to achieve the desired look. “We had some good contractors on the project,” said Paul Haselhuhn, AIA, LEED AP, associate for Wigen Tincknell Meyer & Associates. “We weren’t always able to draw them an isometric view, but they were able to figure things out.” Contractors who brought their skills to the project came from all over Southeastern Michigan. All converged on a rural site that posed challenges for the entire team. SITE SPECIFIC A structure might look great on paper, but for it to truly function, it must work with its surroundings. Hemlock Semiconductor’s new Administration Building shares many common elements with similar corporate structures, but the location was anything but typical. Lange admitted that the new building does stand out a little against the rural Western Saginaw County background, but not in a negative way. Despite the high-tech look, the structure was also designed in harmony with its environment. The abundance of exterior glass also let the project team maximize the value of the surroundings by offering ample views of the natural landscape along with abundant natural light. The structure not only fits into the rural fabric, it is structure is also suitable for a global business leader. In addition to fitting the building on the site, the project team also needed to operate on the site to construct the building. Most of the site was utilized by Hemlock Semiconductor, which left very little room for other activities. “The site was a logistics challenge,” said Barnes. “Laydown space was very limited.” In fact, less than one acre was shared by all trades, so material deliveries were coordinated on a strict “Just in Time” basis.

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Another difficulty associated with building on the site involved working on the periphery of a secure area. All access to Hemlock Semiconductor facilities onsite would be controlled through the Administration Building once it was complete, so the walls of the structure were built right next to the security boundary. Internal traffic patterns and doors were also placed to facilitate easy access onto the campus. All of these factors limited options in creating a footprint for the building. “There were some issues with siting the building,” said Reay. “We tried to anticipate things that were difficult to foresee. We had to think about how could we expand different parts of the facility – not just the corporate facility, but also the manufacturing buildings.” A high level of teamwork was needed to perform in this fast-moving environment. WORKING TOGETHER No project as complex at the Hemlock Semiconductor Corporate Center could succeed without a cohesive team. This team brought a strong combination of talent and experience to the table, but individual team members performed their tasks within an organizational structure that was unfamiliar to many of them. Instead of working with a construction management firm and an owner, everyone worked with Hemlock Semiconductor, which wore both hats on this project. Though this idea took some getting used to, there were some advantages to this approach. “Some things may happen during the construction process that are contrary to the design,” said Haselhuhn. “My job is normally to step in and have everyone take a look at it. In this case, Hemlock Semiconductor either said, ‘You’re right, we’ll take care of it,’ or, ‘This is acceptable,’ and we adjusted the design to go in that direction. It didn’t affect how I approached my role, but it did make Hemlock Semiconductor the CM and the final decision maker.” Being the final decision maker also entails taking a large share of responsibility for the success or failure of the project. Extensive experience in guiding industrial projects on the Hemlock site paid off for Hemlock Semiconductor, as the firm ably saw the project through to its completion. Barnes, who has first-hand knowledge in how an effective construction manager can guide a project through his years at Granger Construction, complimented Hemlock Semiconductor on its “very knowledgeable construction staff.” Of course, no construction manager is skillful enough to Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

As visitors approach the building, the emphasis on technology is reinforced by stainless steel that is softened with masonry; it blends in well with the existing campus.

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Rapid growth at Hemlock Semiconductor would inevitably entail more contact with the public. The company therefore needed a face with which to greet the public.

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prevent every problem. It is how they react to unforeseen circumstances that often elevates leaders above their peers. Hemlock Semiconductor was aided in this area by an able group of subcontractors who were able to make quick decisions in the field. This was a vital skill on this design build project where one change could have a domino effect impacting the entire schedule. “Our biggest challenge on this job was probably dealing with change management,” said Barnes. “There were extensive changes.” Fortunately, the many talented minds on the project team were able to work through these changes in an efficient manner. This type of thinking is common to Michigan’s construction community, but is also a fixture at Hemlock Semiconductor. The Administration Building was designed and built to facilitate the creative problem solving for which Hemlock Semiconductor is known. The mathematical precision of the building is inescapable. Two, two-story wings radiate outward from the lobby and central stair area. The wings are nearly identical and both feature a 30-foot structural grid. Even the ceiling tiles incorporate a 30”x30” size instead of the more common 24”x24” to fit into the natural order that defines the space. “Those are the kinds of things that make a building feel right,” said Haselhuhn. “You might not notice when things like that are off, but you’ll know that something is wrong.” Both wings include a bank of conference rooms along one wall, adjacent to open office space that is divided into cubicles that are consistent with the building’s structural grid. Private offices line the opposite wall, with utility bulkheads placed to serve as sound buffers between the more active cubicle space and quieter offices. Copy areas and staff kitchens are also grouped near the lobby in each wing. Kitchen areas feature acoustical panels and higher glass walls to absorb sound or reflect it away from working spaces, while return vents were arranged to contain food odors. The far end of each wing features a twostory triangular space that is flooded with natural light. Since the triangular areas are at the end of each wing, they tend to be quiet because there is no reason to just pass through, making them ideal secondary work or meeting areas. The glass that transmits light into the triangular spaces and other portions of the building also offers many views of the 30kw solar garden where panels manufactured by six different Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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A card-activated turnstile only admits a single person beyond the lobby at a time. Security requirements also often mandated extensive modification and hardware replacement to doors that were commercially available.

customers supply power that goes directly into the building grid. Both wings share a cafeteria, an amenity that was lacking before the Administrative Building was completed. Lange said that the cafeteria has become very popular, often serving as a multi-purpose room for meetings or a convenient spot to discuss ideas over a meal. Hemlock Semiconductor employees can also now invite their families in for lunch. Though the cafeteria is something new for Hemlock Semiconductor, the project team also needed to be mindful of how the company operates now. The company’s collaborative nature mandated many

conference rooms, 13 in all, not including the informal triangle spaces at the end of each wing – all in an office building that is smaller than 57,500 square feet. Like most other spaces inside the building, the conference rooms are usually booked well in advance. All are typically full at any given time, as the minds employed at Hemlock Semiconductor map out the future of what could become known as Michigan’s Silicon Valley. If new facilities are needed to bring these plans to fruition, rest assured that Michigan’s talented design and construction community is more than up to this task.

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The Healing Lodge World-Class Cancer Center Opens in Rochester Hills By Mary E. Kremposky,Associate Editor Photos by Beth Singer 58

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n Rochester Hills, the science of healing, the art of design, and the craft of construction have joined forces in the battle against an unsettling disease. The end result is the new Karmanos-Crittenton Cancer Center, a comforting refuge of stone and wood that aims to heal the body and calm the mind by offering exceptional cancer care in a remarkable building. An alliance of the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Center and Crittenton Hospital Medical Center has brought the expertise of Karmanos’ world-class cancer specialists to the very doorstep of the Rochester Hills community and beyond. As one of only 40 National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer centers in the

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“We are very happy to make these innovative treatments available in this beautiful facility through our partnership with Crittenton.” Quality care and a quality building go hand-in-hand in this new 30,600-squarefoot facility. Albert Kahn Associates, Detroit, has delivered a compelling translation of an alpine lodge into high-tech geometric forms that speak to the advanced radiation therapies and innovative chemotherapy services within. With its angular form and the interplay of sloped roof planes, the partnership’s vision of creating a high-tech version of a lodge has been wonderfully realized. The construction savvy of the Barton Malow Company, Southfield, made it all happen in the field, successfully tackling the sheer complexity of constructing the building’s irregular geometry. Both Kahn and Barton Malow filled a very tall “doctor’s order.” Dr. John C. Ruckdeschel, MD, then Karmanos president and CEO, articulated the Karmanos and Crittenton executive team’s design ideal during discussions with Kahn in 2007. “He wanted the building to have the look, the warmth, and the welcoming feel of a western ski lodge,” said Monte Oberlee, Crittenton’s administrator for the Environment of Care. “Then he threw in the twist. He wanted it to look high-tech as well, because he doesn’t want patients to feel as if they are walking into old medicine. People undergoing cancer treatment want the latest technology, and that needs to be reflected in the building.”

country, Karmanos has access to over 300 clinical trials and is one of the top Phase I Clinical Trials programs in North America, having been the first to test numerous newly formulated cancer drugs and therapies. “Seven or eight of the latest cancerfighting drugs that are currently on the market were first tested at the Karmanos Cancer Center,” said Patricia A. Ellis, spokesperson for the Detroit-based healthcare institution that is the only hospital in Michigan focused exclusively on cancer research and care. “The research that comes out of Karmanos is research that will develop the next standard of cancer care used throughout the world,” she continued. Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

A RUSTIC, HIGH-TECH HYBRID The partnership and the project team have successfully created a place of warmth and comfort, reassuring in its quality of care, its beautiful cloak of natural materials, and its contemporary form. Creating a healthcare facility that truly broke the mold took the work of skilled and dedicated hands. Steeped in their craft, the masons of R.C. Nowak & Co., Garden City, turned pallets of dolomite limestone units into an organic and beautifully patterned stone exterior and interior, including a stone-clad fireplace filling the lobby with a comforting sense of hearth and home. Avoiding a rigid order, the light-colored stone is randomly placed in size and tone, producing a job worthy of this natural material and true to the Center’s mission of providing cutting-edge care in a house of healing enveloped in natural finishes. “Nowak did a beautiful job,” said Oberlee. “There were places where the stone mason would just say, ‘Tell me what you need, and I will deliver it.’ ”

Rustic stone blankets entire wall sections as well as a row of exterior and interior piers traveling the length of the building’s medical “main street.” The natural stone, khaki-colored lapboard siding and a broad entrance canopy of open trusses present a welcoming image of a private retreat. Large overhangs, supported by visible end beams, add to the alpine look. But the building’s angular geometry gives a high-tech edge to this bucolic image of a mountain chalet. The roughly L-shaped building bends around the angular site, creating a series of dramatically sloped roof planes rushing skyward at opposing angles. The building continues this duet of dynamic lines in the form of large dormers and two tower beacons whose roofs jut out at counter angles to the main roof planes. Geometry leaves its own high-tech stamp on the lobby. The lobby roof is an inverted trapezoid flaring outward as it rises upward above the surrounding roof planes. “The shape of the lobby as a whole starts to suggest the building is moving beyond the look of a residential ski lodge,” said Michael Giovanni, RA, LEED AP, Kahn senior associate and project designer. “The lobby and its roof form is more of a modern notion of geometry that gives the building a hightech look.” As part of its contemporary bent, “the building has a relatively thin raised roof planes that float above clerestory windows,” he added. The building’s glass curtain walls in the lobby and the beacon towers add a hightech gloss to the building. Bringing it back to its lodge roots, the curtain walls are subdivided by a grid of double metal mullions, evoking the wood window patterns of old-fashioned ski lodges in a contemporary form. THE COMMUNITY CARE NETWORK This inspired exterior moves into the interior, offering a lobby with the warmth of large cherry-stained wood beams and a 10foot-tall fireplace of natural stone as comforting as having a national leader in cancer research, education and care in your own backyard. “Karmanos is very focused on making excellent cancer care as accessible as possible to communities,” said Ellis. Karmanos and Crittenton have maintained a partnership since 2003, but this $14.7 million dollar structure is the first actual building created by this strong alliance of a nationally prominent institute and a community-based hospital. The broader community also left their own mark on the new building in the fundraising stages. Barton Malow supplied a series of CAM MAGAZINE

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steel I beams that were taken to the American Cancer Society’s Relay for Life events. “We painted them a light violet color and hauled these heavy beams from place to place, taking them to Relays in Rochester Hills, Auburn Hills, and other communities,” recalled Oberlee. Many Relay participants donated funds and signed the beams that were actually built into the new building’s columns during construction. “What I thought was really unique was some of the signatures on the beams from

people who are competitors of ours,” said Oberlee. “Ultimately, there is a great deal more passion about the goal of beating cancer than who competes with whom. Our competitors would sign the beam and put money in our fundraising bucket. It isn’t about competition, it’s about beating this thing called cancer.” In lieu of a traditional groundbreaking, the mayor of Rochester Hills and other dignitaries signed the beams, along with the construction crew then on the jobsite. With

Wood, stone and light envelop patients and visitors with the comfort of the natural world and the warmth of home.

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such deep community support, the beams and the building reinforce the message: Those who battle cancer do not fight alone. “I actually lost both of my parents to cancer,” said Ellis. “For those of us who are cosurvivors, it is therapeutic to know that we are all working together to support the community in this fight.” In fact, the entire project began through the efforts of a long-time supporter of the Rochester community and of Crittenton Hospital Medical Center, named Steven Stolaruk. He donated the land for the new Center in memory of his wife, Vivian Vivio Stolaruk. SITE AND STEEL Karmanos-Crittenton officially launched its own efforts in 2007, interviewing highprofile architects throughout Southeast Michigan as part of its strong commitment to use local firms. Ultimately, Crittenton turned to the tried and true team of Kahn and Barton Malow. With Kahn and Barton Malow having successfully completed Crittenton’s $86 million dollar facility expansion, “We felt that we could hit the ground running on this project,” said Oberlee. Hitting the ground running actually meant managing and navigating quite an obstacle course of site conditions in both design and construction. The site is an irregular, roughly L-shaped parcel in the middle of a technology park filled with a sea of low-rise commercial buildings, as well as a chain hotel and restaurant. Kahn wanted to design a building with a strong presence in the technology park and with maximum visibility from nearby roadways. The tower beacons with copper paint and up lighting, the sloped roof planes, and the height of the building all served these design goals. “The elevations, the topography and the height of the building were important, because as the towers and the building rose up out of this commercial environment, the building started to dominate the area,” said Giovanni. “I remember the first time I got off the expressway heading east. I stopped at the light, looked over, and I realized that the design really works. The tower beacons and the rooflines just pop up out of the surrounding park.” Barton Malow managed another set of ground conditions, including thawing the ground in January to melt 24 to 30 inches of frost as one of the first steps in launching construction. Assembling the exterior frame of this irregularly shaped building with varied roof planes accelerated the degree of “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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difficulty and made for some heavy-duty detailing. “The greatest issue was the structural steel framing,” said Rich Wimble, PE, Barton Malow project director. “There is a great deal of moment connections in the steel frame of the building. It took more detailing and drawing to fabricate, because no two pieces are the same.” Added Larry Dziedzic, Barton Malow project manager, “The elaborate framing took a great deal of false work to make all the angles fit.” With the building having

longer overhangs than a typical structure, “the detailing of them was also extensive,” continued Dziedzic. “All of the overhangs are built out or streamlined using plywood. We also used a different roof system attachment that was more user friendly and more forgivable.” As the roofing subcontractor, Lutz Roofing Co., Inc., Shelby Township, expertly crafted field details to deliver these demanding roofs designed with 6,000 square feet of canopies and overhangs. The complexity of the building frame

The circulation spine offers ease of navigation and the comforting presence of natural materials.

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drove the schedule. Barton Malow actually worked extensively on the interior clinical spaces while methodically tackling the intricate details of the exterior building frame. The structure is almost a building nestled within another building. The portion with the dramatic rooflines and beacon towers wraps around the main clinical core and rises 12 to 14 feet above the flat roof sheltering the medical heart of the facility. “We worked our way around the project with the exterior walls, working out issues and coordinating with Kahn,” said Dziedzic. Beyond the methodical and deliberate piecing together of varied angles, planes, and overhangs, the budget remained the other core challenge, for all this beauty has its price. With the skill of a plastic surgeon, Barton Malow and the project team nipped and tucked the original plan to bring out the beauty of the building but contain the cost. “We tried to accomplish what Kahn was trying to achieve but in a little less expensive manner,” said Wimble. The original design called for more stone on the building. The project team carefully selected cost-saving areas in the interior, in one instance switching stone and a clerestory to drywall above the interior vestibule wall. On the exterior, the natural stone was replaced with split-face block on the service side of the building, leaving the elegant stonework intact on the public side. ENTERING THE COMFORT ZONE Barton Malow completed the building after 18 months of detailed and intricate work. Driving down Crooks Road and turning onto Star-Batt Drive will lead you to the doorstep of this phenomenal building. “Coming up Crooks and rounding Star-Batt, the building unfolds right in front of you,” said Giovanni. Stretching the building diagonally across the site and placing it in the crook of the L-shaped building made this welcoming sight line possible. Approaching the building from the parking lot, the beauty of its stone and the intricate details of the exterior come into full view. “The building has different levels of scale,” said Giovanni. “You can see the beacon towers and sloped roofs from a half a mile away, but as you walk up to the building, the scale changes and breaks down into details.” This level of detail is part of establishing “an architecture of healing” through the creation of a building on an intimate, personal and human scale, he added. The resulting building is reminiscent of the richly detailed and handcrafted Arts and Crafts buildings of the late 19th and early “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


20th centuries, but with each detail following the modern tradition of being less decorative and more distilled in line and form. Virtually all the windows are arranged in a decorative grid of double mullions. The exterior stone columns have insets or recessed areas in the center, and even the roof edges are broken down into subtle, small steps formed of end caps. Building this high level of detail, specifically the double mullions, demanded an extra degree of craftsmanship. “Instead of two pieces of glass, each window required installation of about 15 separate pieces,” said Wimble. The experienced firm of American Glass & Metals Corp., Plymouth, installed the curtain wall and interior glass. The double mullion detail is carried into the interior in the fireplace grill and even in the wood of the reception desk, a beautiful assembly of stone, wood, art glass and finlike columns that is basically the building in miniature. In the circulation spine, the double mullion pattern flows from the glass windows to the gypsum wall above and the ceiling overhead. The building is cohesive and coherent in the details of design, creating a subtle sense of harmony and ease. “The whole building flows together and maintains continuity from the exterior into the interior – and within the interior, itself,” said Giovanni. “The building is drawn together, and I believe that is comforting to a patient.” A MEMORABLE LOBBY A more tangible source of comfort is the building’s clear circulation routes and ease of navigation. A broad canopy of open trusses and a tower beacon mark the main entrance. The reception desk is immediately visible through the vestibule’s glass curtain wall, and the circulation corridor - flowing directly from the lobby - serves as a type of medical Main Street with clearly marked side streets leading to the different labs, offices and clinics. “Part of making a healing environment is as basic as helping the patient conveniently find the spaces within the building,” said Giovanni. Additionally, the offset entrances – the exterior entry door is not in direct alignment with the interior vestibule door – offer a much-needed shield from Michigan’s wintry weather. “The offset entrances keep the cold air from blasting into the interior,” said Wimble. With clarity of circulation and natural materials, the interior offers patients a space with zero confusion and optimal serenity. The stone fireplace, wood plank ceiling and massive cherry-stained Maple beams evoke Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

the sensibility of a lodge retreat but are lighter in color and more distilled in form than the dark, ornate woodwork of historic and traditional lodge retreats. Glass is the other comforting element in the building. The lobby’s glass curtain wall and clerestory windows bathe the interior in natural light. “Especially in the morning and evening, the light entering the space creates beautiful shadows and contrast,” said

Giovanni. “There is all this documentation about natural light not only being comforting but actually helping to heal people faster.” The lobby’s art glass sculpture is another memorable element in this building that transcends the conventional notion of a healthcare facility. Designed by Kahn, the sculpture is conceptualized to embody the patient journey, with glass rectangles linked

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The roughly L-shaped building bends around the angular site, creating a series of dramatically sloped roof planes rushing skyward at opposing angles.

by light cables in an almost 8-foot-tall sculpture. The glass rectangles express the experience of cancer as the patient moves from shock and turmoil to calmness and some degree of acceptance. The bottom panels are dark blue with a heavy texture of random curvilinear shapes. The lower glass panels evolve into smoother textures and lighter colors of orange and yellow until reaching a pure rectangle of almost clear glass at the very apex. Moving from chaos to clarity, the panel edges also transition from wavy to straight. “Symbolically, the cables tie together not only the individual patient’s ‘plateaus’ and state of mind, but also establish a common thread in the lives of cancer patients and their families,” said Giovanni. Oberlee interprets the sculpture, having grappled with the disease shortly before beginning construction of this new facility. “When I was going through it, the doctors talked about how the cells become more random and out of order in cancer,” said Oberlee. “Healing is bringing order back to the cells. The glass pieces at the bottom are very random, and as it moves to the top, the panels become more orderly. But then again, I’ve had patients look at it and see a beautiful sunrise over water.” The glass holds a mirror to each person who interprets the sculpture in his or her own

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way. The art glass is even more remarkable given the fact that its budget had to be cut by a third. “What we experienced on this job – and I think happens on many jobs – is that cost doesn’t necessarily mean you have to eliminate something like art glass,” said Oberlee. “You just have to view it differently and thrift it.” In this case, Kahn contacted another fabricator called Echo Etching that lightened up the sculpture and replaced heavy steel cables with lighter cabling. Clear art glass in the same pattern graces the marble inset of the stone fireplace in this warm and welcoming lobby. Stolaruk, the individual who donated the land in memory of his wife, entered the lobby during construction. He became visibly moved as he caught sight of the fireplace, the wood ceiling and the art glass installation. “He was very touched by it all,” said Oberlee. “He sponsored the fireplace and the art glass on the spot.” A COLONNADE OF STONE AND WOOD Another warm and welcoming space is the circulation spine. Wrapped in a harmony of wood and stone, the circulation corridor is a colonnade of stone piers on one side and towering wood columns on the other. The wood columns rise and “bend” on the same slant as the lobby beams to form an archway of wood before connecting with the stone

piers. The granular, rough surface of the stone adds a wonderful texture and tactility to the corridor. The windows are recessed about a foot deep on both the interior and exterior, allowing sunlight and shadow to play on the stone piers and bring the texture and varied hues of the limestone to life. The stone becomes a presence in the building; its beauty is calming, its association with strength and stability may emotionally support the patient making his or her way down the long corridor toward the infusion bay. “Using texture and warm materials are all ways to comfort people through the design,” said Giovanni. “People comment that they want to touch these piers all the time.” The corridor’s construction was complicated by the sheer amount of highend finish work compressed into this seven-foot-wide circulation path. Innumerable lifts for installation of stone, glass, wood and drywall had to be crammed into the congested corridor during construction, said Wimble. In both lobby and corridor, the humidification system had to be operational before installation of the extensive woodwork fabricated by McClelland Millwork, Vassar, and installed by Barton Malow Interiors. “Without humidification, the woodwork would shrink and warp,” said Wimble. “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


HEALING SPACES The corridor leads to the infusion waiting area and the entrance to the infusion clinic, a space in the form of a rounded arc built of segmented sections. A large painting of Ford Motor Company’s field of bright, yellow sunflowers greets patients entering the infusion bay. The bay itself overlooks a healing garden enclosed in a sheltering rock wall and planted with evergreens and flowering plants. “We brought the windows of the infusion bay all the way down to the floor practically, similar to a sliding glass patio door at home,” said Giovanni. Drawing on the peace of the natural world, the curtain fabric is dotted with flowers and reeds; the furniture fabric in the lobby is covered in a pattern of small leaves. Overall, the building offers comfort and solace through the use of natural materials, the touchable texture of stone, and by the personal, human scale of the building details. With its harmony and calmness, the building becomes a healing force in its own way. The actual clinical spaces are arranged in two separate wings by the bend in the building: the infusion therapy travels to the southwest of the building’s pivot and the radiation services are in the northeast wing. The radiation wing includes its own waiting room and exam rooms, as well as the most current linear accelerator available. “Treatments that used to take about 15 minutes now can

Designed by Kahn, the lobby’s art glass sculpture is conceptualized to embody the patient journey, using textures transitioning from heavy to clear, lines moving from wavy to straight, and colors lighting from a dark blue to almost clear glass.

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be done in about 90 seconds using this machine,� said Jeffrey A. Kapuscinski, Crittenton director, Marketing & Communications. “It is much more comfortable for the patient and much more exacting, meaning this machine can locate the affected area much more accurately without affecting the surrounding tissue.� The two, radiation vaults – one in current use and one for future use - are formed of three- to six-foot-thick concrete walls. A nearby CAT scan room conducts simulations, in addition to diagnostic CAT scans, to plan for the actual radiation treatment, added Kimberly Isler, RN, MSN, the Center’s clinical manager. All the rooms reserved for exams, procedures and family consultations have upgraded finishes, including calming sagecolored fabric on the walls, wood cabinetry, and specialty flooring simulating wood. An oncology clinic and on-site laboratory round out the clinical areas with administrative offices located in the center of the building. An “off-stage� corridor threads along the back of the clinical spaces for the exclusive use of medical and administrative staff. This amazing building opened in February 2010 with a ribbon-cutting ceremony held in April and attended by nearly 200 people. “The embrace from the community to this facility and this partnership says a great deal,� said Ellis. “We think this is a beautiful space, and we are very pleased to offer world-class cancer care in such a warm and healing environment. Together, we are saving lives.� With many project participants having been personally touched by the disease, the project became a work of passion and commitment. Dziedzic’s own brother was diagnosed and became one of the very first patients to be treated at the new Center. Because of the efforts of the partnership and the entire project team, the new KarmanosCrittenton Cancer Center offers patients a strong shield against this disease. With its research, clinical trials, and high level of care, the Center is a formidable foe against cancer. Restoring health to the body and calmness to the mind are tasks best left in the skilled and caring hands of the Karmanos-Crittenton team and its new signature facility near Crooks Road and M59. Thanks to the dedication and professional talents of Kahn and Barton Malow, this amazing new facility is now open to serve Rochester Hills and the greater community.

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Wheels on the Bus By David R. Miller, Associate Editor Photography by Curt Clayton, Clayton Studio 68

CAM MAGAZINE

OCTOBER 2010

he wheels on the bus go round and round, at least according to a familiar children’s song, but tires are not the only things moving the Motor City forward. Like any major metropolitan area, Detroit is a

T

“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


that efficient mass transit is a necessity is even taking hold in the birthplace of the automobile. Still, the city is not forgetting the spirit and determination that made Detroit the world’s car capital. Respect for the city’s past and the path towards a greener tomorrow converge in one amazing structure – the Rosa Parks Transit Center. The Rosa Parks Transit Center transformed a small, underutilized parcel of land into a model for outstanding customer service, unexpected amenities and efficient operation, all while potentially spurring development by essentially extending Detroit’s central business district. Bus ridership should increase, as the experience is now more pleasant and convenient. Another important aspect of the facility is the homage paid to Rosa Parks. While she was not from Detroit, she adopted the city as her own and embodied a struggle she shared with many Detroiters. Key members of the project team that created an iconic structure that celebrates the bravery of a woman and the ingenuity of a city include DeMaria Building Company, Detroit, and USA Shade & Fabric Structures, Inc., Costa Mesa, CA, general contractors for the terminal and the canopy structure respectively; the Economic Development Corporation of the City of Detroit (EDC), which provided contract procurement and construction management services as an owner’s representative for DDOT; and architect Parsons Brinkerhoff, Detroit.

work that is constantly in progress. The building that reshapes the city now is guided by new concepts. Neighborhoods and business districts are being redesigned with sustainability in mind. The realization Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

DRIVING CUSTOMERS Before construction of the Rosa Park Transit Center, Detroit bus routes were centered on a facility located in Cadillac Square. Downtown development forced a temporary relocation to Capitol Park. Neither location had enclosed shelters or bathrooms, which resulted in an early project goal. “The facility was designed with our customers fully in mind, said Lovevett Williams, director of the Detroit Department of Transportation (DDOT). “In addition, the enclosed structure provides protection from the inclement weather and contributes to customer convenience, such as retail, food, a sundry store, restroom areas and fare card purchases.” The Rosa Parks Transit Center acts as an intermodal transfer point between DDOT routes, SMART, Transit Windsor and the People Mover. The facility is a stop along 21 bus routes and is visited by 140-150 busses each day. Since the 15,000 riders who use the facility each day often utilize more than one form of transportation on their

journeys, any facilities offered at the Rosa Parks Transit Center would have been a welcome addition, but what was put in place far exceeds most expectations. More than mere restrooms near a bus shelter, the Rosa Parks Transit Center includes a climatecontrolled lobby that provides true shelter against the elements. “Our customers have expressed their appreciation for the building, especially in the winter months,” said Williams. Amenities at the Rosa Park Transit Center rise even further above expectations when visitors explore the second level. This spacious gathering area will eventually house a variety of casual dining and retail options. Ample windows also provide clear views of bus arrival areas and two nearby People Mover stops, so customers who are waiting for their own departures or who are meeting arriving friends will know exactly when their awaited transport arrives. They can also know well in advance thanks to GPS technology called the Automatic Vehicle Location System that tracks arrivals and departures. This information is displayed on LED-lit panels placed on the outdoor bus way and on two 55-inch monitors inside. Another subtler aspect of the facility that is sure to be appreciated by visitors is the attractive finishes used throughout. The project team stuck a careful balance between form and function in selecting striking materials that would successfully weather the daily grind in high traffic areas. Prefinished hardwood veneer panels of Baltic birch that are stained light yellow on the main floors and brown on the lower level dazzle the eye, but many more common materials used in unexpected ways also create visual drama. Steel surfaces were originally to be powder-coated offsite prior to erection, but the project team realized significant savings by painting the metal with a heavy-duty industrial epoxy coating after installation. This approach also eliminated the possibility of scratching the coating during the installation process. Steel columns were likewise painted instead of being clad with drywall or other material. Although the initial reason for these decisions was closely linked to a tight budget, the finished result features a simple elegance that fits the facility well. “I honestly think that some of the compromises that were made resulted in a better building,” said Trey Neubauer, project manager, commercial and industrial groups, for DeMaria Building Company. Concrete block walls were used through much of the interior, but the project team was able to upgrade to a more attractive CAM MAGAZINE

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After accommodating bus traffic on the site, only a small triangle was left for the building.

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burnished block by eliminating stud walls, drywall and paint in most locations. Block walls will also require less maintenance over time. At first glance, visitors walking into the facility might mistake the shiny floors for terrazzo, but the budget hawks on the project team used a much more costeffective alternative. “We have beautiful hard floors that are made of color-impregnated concrete,” said Tushar Advani, AIA, supervising architect for Parsons Brinkerhoff. “Concrete is a very hard surface, but it is significantly cheaper than terrazzo. You often see terrazzo in transit facilities, but we saved a good amount of money by using concrete.” Although affordable concrete floors solved many problems for the project team, the site directly underneath the concrete posed unique challenges of its own. SITE CONSTRAINTS Finding a suitable site for the Rosa Parks Transit Center emerged as an early project challenge. Obviously, the facility needed to be built close to the destinations that riders would need transpiration to, but very few parcels were available near Detroit’s Central Business District. The desire for an enclosed facility further limited options. Finally, a triangular piece of land that was home to three vacant buildings and a small park was discovered, but no one was sure how much this site would hold. An untrained observer might assume that the enclosure was designed first, with the bus routes planned around the structure, but this does not define the design process as it relates to the Rosa Parks Transit Center. Busses are large and they need lots of room to maneuver. People boarding busses also need an environment that is easy to navigate and never places them in danger of being struck by vehicular traffic. Most of the site was needed to accommodate busses, so vehicular traffic was the first issue undertaken by the design team. “With a transit facility, if the busses don’t work, then the facility doesn’t work,” explained Advani. “The functioning of the busses has to come first.” Having the busses come first meant building concrete islands that were easily accessible for busses and passengers alike. “I started working with multiple islands,” said Advani. “We got a lot of busses onto the site that way, but transferring from a bus on one island to a bus on another would have required crossing one, two, or even three bus ways. Then, I cleared everything off my desk and made the biggest part of the site into one big island. Passengers wouldn’t even Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

need to come into the building, they could transfer right on the island.” This solution worked well for passengers and bus drivers, but wasn’t ideal for the building. “There was a tiny triangle left over to put the building on,” said Advani. “It wasn’t even a symmetrical triangle, but everything had to come together in a little triangular building.” Program elements would not fit perfectly on the tiny remainder of the site. A thorough understanding of project goals was required to make the location work. “DDOT understood the value of the single island,” said Advani. “They were willing to make the compromises that needed to be made to be on this site. We accepted the challenge of fitting the building onto the site in order to maintain how well the busses worked on the central island.” DDOT was willing to forgo plans for a bus garage onsite and many vital building components could be placed in the structure’s lower level. Unfortunately, the presence of underground ductbanks threatened this possibility. The locations of two documented ductbanks inside the building perimeter were already known and the size of the lower level was halved to accommodate them, but an unanticipated third ductback ran right through the remaining portion of the footprint that was allocated for the lower level of the structure. AT&T worked around the clock for 10 to 12 weeks to bypass the old clay crock-encased pipe by splicing the 10,000 communication lines inside, but the project schedule would not allow for the team to sit idly by while this was taking place. “We had meetings with AT&T and they ended up supporting their ductbank so we could build around it,” said Neubauer. “They were relocating the ductbank while we continued to pour foundations and move the project forward.” Since space was at a premium inside the facility, the project team made the most out of what was available on the lower level, which houses a secure transit-police office, plus a lunch area, locker rooms and restrooms for drivers. High windows let natural light spill into the lower level. These windows are positioned to benefit from the shading that is provided by the outdoor canopy structures. The lower level also includes a computer security room, which serves as the facility’s brain, but the nerves that communicate with this brain needed to run through solid concrete. “There is a lot of conduit in these concrete walls,” said Neubauer. “It took a lot of coordi-

nation with the electrician to make it work.” The canopy structure outside also required a high degree of coordination. CANOPY STRUCTURE The exterior of the Rosa Parks Transit Center is defined by a unique canopy structure that towers above the bus boarding area. Like most aspects of the facility, fitting this structure onto the site emerged as a significant challenge. “We had two separate structures to build, the building and the canopy structure,” explained Timothy Miles, project manager for the Economic Development Corporation of the City of Detroit. “There were two separate general contractors working on a small site. That made for an interesting mix and we didn’t know how it would work out.” The Economic Development Corporation of the City of Detroit selected both general contractors in accordance with FTA Federal Procurement Procedures and also carefully scrutinized previous projects that were undertaken by both for clues about their suitability for the task at hand. Both selected firms would need to adapt to a tight schedule and a tight site. DeMaria Building Company and USA Shade & Fabric Structures had excellent track records, but USA Shade & Fabric Structures tended to work as a subcontractor and therefore was perceived as having limited general contracting experience. In spite of this, USA Shade & Fabric Structures was a solid addition to the project team as the firm finetuned the conceptual design developed by Parsons Brinkerhoff. “Their expertise changed the form,” said Advani. “We were thinking more of conventional tent structures, but they pushed and pulled to change that idea into exactly what we wanted, but better.” The canopy is a tensile structure with fabric that is held in tension by brackets, trusses and cables. Unlike a traditional foundation, which is designed to keep a structure from sinking into the ground, the foundation for the A-frame that supports the canopy primarily exists to keep the lightweight structure from blowing away. Uplift is also minimized by keeping the fabric taut, so air flows around the structure instead of catching it like a sail or parachute. The canopy is configured into seven pairs of cones and funnels. Structurally, the two different forms balance against each other, which tends to cancel out the forces that work against the individual shapes. Funnels also collect diesel fumes from the busses, so they can float out the top of the structure, while cones quickly transfer rainwater and CAM MAGAZINE

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The canopy is configured into seven pairs of cones and funnels. Funnels collect diesel fumes from the buses, while cones quickly shed rainwater and snow.

snow down into one of seven rain gardens. “Water doesn’t just set up there creating a load on the structure,” said Advani. “Water is a structure’s greatest enemy. The faster you can get water off of a structure, the better.” Long before water could accumulate atop the structure, DeMaria Building Company and USA Shade & Fabric Structures needed to find a way to build two complex projects concurrently on a small site. This would only be possible if both firms worked together. “We talked with them about the schedule,” said Neubauer. “The schedule was staggered so we put in the road for the busses and they immediately had a hard surface to work off of.” As USA Shade & Fabric Structures went to work on this concrete surface, DeMaria Building Company worked in close concert to install light rings inside each cone and funnel, along with landscaping and brick catch basins under the rain gathering cones. DeMaria Building Company even grouted base plates for steel used by USA Shade & Fabric Structures. The end result of their collaborative work makes for an eyecatching display, but it is only one of many aspects of the Rosa Parks Transit Center that is worthy of notice.

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GETTING NOTICED In spite of the many design challenges involved in creating a functional transit center on a tiny, irregular site, Advani believes that the highest hurdle was to develop an iconic design. The Rosa Parks Transit Center project brought Advani to Detroit for the first time in his life. He experienced the city’s vibe firsthand, but he wasn’t sure how he could replicate the energy of the tall buildings nearby without building a skyscraper of his own. “We were building a two-story building amongst giants,” said Advani. “We couldn’t reasonably replicate what was here, so we had to go in the opposite direction.” At 73 feet in height, the spectacular canopy is a giant in its own right, but it is still dwarfed by nearby buildings. The structure successfully relies on its brilliant white hue and complex geometry to draw the eye. The terminal building likewise uses unexpected shapes and angles to stand out. A radius mezzanine, a canted glass wall and angled ceilings combine to create a vibrant interior that is complemented by the complex ceiling framing system and aluminum tiles. The building’s roof has a 1:12 slope that rises at a slight angle from east to west before it “takes off” at a sharper

angle just beyond the mezzanine. Instead of being set perpendicular to the floor, many walls are angled outward to add visual appeal. None of these distinctive design elements made construction any easier. “Nothing in this structure was square or standard,” said Neubauer. The decision to honor Rosa Parks was made shortly after her passing in October 2005. Norman White, who was director of DDOT at the time, ultimately approved the fitting memorial of adding the Rosa Parks name to the transit center. “When we started on this project, the entire team recognized that we were building the Rosa Parks Transit Center to honor a civil rights activist who adopted Detroit as her home,” said Miles. “Everyone wanted to honor her and her legacy by coming together to build the best facility that they could. It showed in the workmanship, detail and effort that went into the project. That’s how you honor someone, through effort.” Much like the wheels of the bus, the wheels of progress continue to propel the City of Detroit. As long as people continue to be inspired by the bravery of Rosa Parks and exhibit the ingenuity of the Rosa Parks Transit Center project team, they always will. “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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Building a Best Seller By Mary E. Kremposky, Associate Editor 74

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Photos by Marci Christian “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


and on schedule. The impressive facility is part information hub and part gathering space for this thriving city in southwestern Oakland County. With an outdoor reading terrace, a sweeping glass curtain wall overlooking a park, and an eatery named Read-a-Latte Cafe, this inviting and lightfilled new library is already a best seller with the entire community. Novi’s library board and building authority enlisted the services of Diamond and Schmitt Architects, Inc., Toronto as design architect, and Detroit's BEI Associates, Inc., as architect of record. Together the design team created a twostory facility only 30 feet from the existing library but world's apart in available collection space, library technology, and inviting enclaves for every age group in the community. The Dailey Company’s team of trade contractors was instrumental in opening this new chapter in Novi Public Library's 50year history. B & B Ceramic Tile & Marble, Fair Haven, installed over 1,600 handcrafted tiles throughout the building interior. Kehrig Steel, Inc., Ira Township, erected a radius curtain wall designed with two different radius points, and Leidal & Hart Mason Contractors, a Livonia firm respected for their expertise and efficiency in brick and block, helped deliver a project on a compressed schedule. "There really was a wonderful relationship between the architect, contractor, crew and owner,” said Julie E. Farkas, director of the Novi Public Library. “The Dailey Company did a great job of delivering a wonderful building on time. Dailey, BEI and Diamond and Schmitt have all been amazing.”

he Dailey Company wrote the book on how to build a successful library. Thanks to this Lake Orion construction management firm, the story of Novi’s new public library has a happy ending: a 55,000square-foot building, doubling the size of the existing library, delivered under budget

T

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THE BOOK NOOK Novi Public Library recently celebrated the half-century mark with the grand opening of a new facility in June 2010. With a fireside reading room and an advanced material handling system possessed by just a couple other libraries in Oakland County, this respected Novi institution has certainly improved with age. What the Friends of the Library began in 1960 as a modest collection of 150 donated books, stacked in the cramped interior of a former bank, has blossomed into an impressive collection now housed in an equally impressive building. The newly constructed library took the place of a 1976 structure that once included both the library and City Hall. Even the exit of the City Hall to its own building and a small expansion in 1988 failed to provide sufficient breathing room for the library's

rapidly expanding collection. "Although our city's population increased over 500 percent over nearly 30 years, the size of the public library remained unchanged basically since 1976," said Farkas. With approximately 145,000 books and media in a mere 24,495 square feet of space, little room remained for computer stations or even sufficient table space. Students from the nearby Novi High School, flooding the library after school, were packed in as tightly as a crammed bookshelf. The old library was a book nook without room for growth or even existing services. The 100-person community meeting room doubled as a storytime area for children and as the Friends of the Library bookstore on different days. The number of rooms reserved for tutoring or private study reached the grand total of one. In staff areas, one restroom served a staff of 53 people. Groups of four employees were cramped into an office area the size of a single, conventional cubicle with about two feet of working surface per employee. Overall, the entire employee area was a windowless labyrinth of congested spaces. Fortunately, the library could still count on the continued support of its friends. Charles and Myrtle Walker, Novi residents for over 30 years, donated $1 million dollars to launch the Library Building Fund in 2004, along with matching contributions reaching an upward limit of another $1 million dollars. The Walker's generous donation and voter bond approval in November 2007 funded a new library that doubled the overall space, ultimately creating a 200-person community room, nine tutoring and study spaces, plus a doubling of computer stations and a tripling of the size of the Youth Services Department. “We also added just under 20,000 new items to the library’s collection when the new facility opened,” said Farkas. Sadly, Charles Walker passed away, but not before leaving this wonderful legacy to the Novi community. "His love of ideas generated numerous products and patents," said Farkas. "Fittingly, his gift to the Novi Public Library will help current and future generations to access knowledge and to spark their own creative ideas." A NEIGHBORHOOD BLOCK CLUB The architectural team sat down at the drawing board in 2007. Whether to build new or to renovate was actually the first question. A cascade of concerns led to the decision to build an entirely new facility. "The existing library had no option structurally for a second-floor addition," said Alvin F. Blair, AIA, BEI vice president and CAM MAGAZINE

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This sweeping glass curtain wall overlooking a park is designed with two different radius points, adding an element of complexity to construction but offering library patrons a beautiful outdoor reading terrace.

director of design. "Without a second-floor addition, the footprint of an expanded library would be too large and would reduce parking capacity below code requirements." In addition, a new building would also ease the task of keeping the existing library in full operation throughout construction. The library board and building authority opted to create a new home for a library founded and long supported by dedicated patrons in the community. Fittingly, the new library is designed as part of a neighborhood "block club" of masonry buildings in the Novi Civic Center located at Ten Mile and Taft Roads. "The brick was selected to complement the bricks of the adjacent civic buildings," said Sydney Browne, associate, OAA, LEED AP, Diamond and Schmitt. “The main entrance on the east is easily accessed from Ten Mile Road and also directly faces the heart of the civic center.” This civic-minded building offers a window into the history of Novi through the design of a great western wall of curved glass rising two stories and drawing in panoramic views of the historic Fuerst Park into the interior. "The main public reading and collection spaces in the library are all located at the west side of the building to take advantage of the views of the Fuerst Farm parkland," said Browne. The eight-acre park was once part of the family farmstead of two sisters named Ruby and Ida Fuerst. Recently revitalized, the park now hosts the original Novi Township Hall, dating from 1876, a contemporary amphitheater, newly planted apple trees, and several pathways now connecting with the library’s own walkways. The trees are a nod to Novi’s history as a center of fruit production in southeastern Michigan in the 19th and early 20th Centuries, according to a Michigan historical marker. The glass curtain wall draws this peaceful natural vista, dotted with apple trees, into the interior. On the exterior, the radius wall is the backdrop for a 2,000-square-foot outdoor terrace or patio of decorative stamped concrete with a sitting wall for 125 people. “The reading patio directly faces the park and will host both civic and library events," said Blair. Whether inside or out, the patio is a breath of fresh air, offering people a novel reading experience on the new library's communal back porch. SIDESTEPPING THE GREAT RECESSION The Dailey Company came on board to build the Novi Public Library's new home in 2008. Good timing in a bad economy helped the library virtually sidestep the Great Recession in the financing of its new home. Essentially, the bonds were evaluated before the economic meltdown and the project was bid after the downturn. "We received great rates when our bonds were evaluated in June

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2008 just before everything went crazy," said Farkas. Released for bids in August 2008, the bids reflected the competitive environment, coming in well below the anticipated budget. Beyond broader economic forces, The Dailey Company's own good sense of timing formulated a game plan able to bring the building out of the ground and open for service slightly ahead of schedule. Dailey launched the project in late February 2009 rather than November 2008. "We didn't want to stop excavation because of frost laws and then resume the job," said Paul A. Danko, Dailey project manager. "We decided to begin a bit later and then compress the schedule." The compression was successful with the library taking temporary occupancy two weeks ahead of schedule in mid-March 2010. Dailey also altered the original project phasing by installing a deep sanitary sewer tap before rather than after construction of the building. "If it was a five-foot-deep sewer, it would not have been a big deal," said Vince Washington, Dailey superintendent. "But this tap was 26 feet deep. If we would have waited, we would have run into all sorts of problems." Keeping the library operational during construction – and all those book lovers happily lost in a sea of print – required the rerouting of sewers and the creation of temporary roads. Dailey preserved parking spaces by relocating sewer lines to a perimeter greenbelt 20 feet north of the existing library parking lot. The flow of library materials was maintained through construction of a dedicated temporary roadway that gave the library access to its existing loading dock. "There was no interruption of library service to the public whatsoever during construction," said Farkas. "This has been a great process. We only closed the existing library in April and May 2010 for the purpose of making our own move to the new building."

For over 70 years Dailey has been the name for quality, integrity and professionalism in construction.

w w w. d a i l e y c o . c o m

JUDGING A BOOK BY ITS COVER Bringing the actual building out of the ground is a how to book written in steel, glass and resin panels. After trench footing installation, Dailey tackled the core challenge of the project: erecting the structural steel radius curtain wall and assembling the glass and phenolic panel glazing. “The first 770 feet of the curved curtain wall had a different center point for its radius arc than the last 249 feet of the curtain wall,” said Washington. The reason for the shift was to create more space for the Teen Room and other areas by jutting the Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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This grand monumental stair leads from the research and quiet study areas on the second floor to the café, youth area and large community meeting room on the first floor. Skylights above the monumental stair and a wealth of windows throughout the building draw natural light into both floors of this wonderful new library.

building forward at a sharper angle. “The sharper radius gives the building more square footage for certain functions on the north side of the building,” said Blair. The average person may not notice the difference, but the trade contractors in the field certainly had to be aware of the angle shift during construction. It took almost a week “to do the math” in preparation for erecting the steel frame with precision, said Washington. Working with two different radius points rippled through the detailing of the curtain wall. For example, filler pieces had to be installed to accommodate the automated window shades – a straight element on a curved wall. “The filler pieces varied in width, becoming wider at the

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sharper radius,” said Blair. Turning a great idea into an actual structure takes the classic formula of 10 percent inspiration and 90 percent perspiration or sheer hard work. The construction team grappled with the dual radius points of the curved wall, while the architectural team analyzed the optimal type of glass to block heat gain and protect energy efficiency. The devil was in the details, and the details involved argon gas, low E coatings, and a variety of shade strategies. “Protection from the sun was accomplished by a large overhanging roof and by cantilevered horizontal louvers at the lower level,” said Blair. “Further protection was afforded by the usage of insulated green-tinted

reflective glass with a low E coating on the inner glass pane and usage of argon gas in the sealed space between glass panes. This glass has a great shading co-efficient, which reduces solar heat gain and operating costs. Automatic shades with 10 percent openness further reduce sun glare into the library, as needed.” The glass selection ultimately will save the library $200,000 in operating costs over the next 30 years, said Blair. The low-E coating on the inner pane blocks summer heat from entering the building and prevents the building’s heat from escaping in the colder months. “In this way, the building owner reduces heating bills in the winter and reduces air conditioning in the summer,” said Blair. “The reflective glass helps lower the shading co-efficient, which tremendously impacts operating costs and is an important factor in reducing the cost of the mechanical system.” Beyond glass, the remainder of the library’s “book jacket” is a series of randomly placed, sized and colored phenolic panels that accent the curtain wall and the remainder of the building’s windows, as well as the cladding for the building’s main entrance canopy. “The phenolic or resin panels simulate wood but retain the durability and low maintenance of a plastic laminate,” said Danko. Aesthetically, the panels add a contemporary flair and the warmth of wood to the building exterior. The 1/8-inch-thick phenolic veneer was manufactured in the Netherlands, laminated on an insulated panel by an East Coast company, and delivered to the jobsite cut to the specified size, said Danko. With a lead time of 16 weeks, the panels were the last piece of the exterior skin set in place, requiring the openings in the building skin to be covered in plywood until the panels arrived on site. Beneath the exterior skin, Dailey installed energy-efficient wall insulation that greatly exceeds code requirements. Likewise, the white roof and the mechanical system are designed to boost energy efficiency. The mechanical system includes: a variable air volume distribution system, an economizer cooling system, a high-efficiency air-cooled chiller, hot water heating reset controls able to vary the temperature of supply water based on outside air temperature, and a direct digital building automation system to control and monitor all building mechanical components. Together the project team created an energy-efficient, “green” building overlooking the green space of Fuerst Park. The site, itself, employs Earth-friendly “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


A LIBRARY FOR MIND AND BODY The library interior is an open, lightfilled space filled with the warmth of specialty tile and light-colored wood certified by the Forest Stewardship Council. Natural light pours into the interior through the glass curtain wall and through a succession of skylights above the monumental stair leading to the second level. The spacious public reading and collection areas are punctuated on both levels with a large circular enclosure clad in handcrafted tiles and wood. The first level enclosure houses a newspaper and magazine reading room with a dual-facing fireplace; the second-level wood-clad circle contains a quiet study area. “We aimed to establish key gathering spaces within the library, such as the circular fireplace reading lounge, which would support both quiet reading and special community events, while at the same time creating a building that would be flexible and open to allow for the growth and change that is bound to be required over the coming years,” said Browne. “The layout offers generous sight lines for easy wayfinding, security, and ready access for patrons to staff service points.” Virtually every age group has a room in the library’s new home with separate children, teen and adult collections. The Friends of the Library have their own bookstore, the library staff has more spacious and light-filled work areas, and even cell phone users can take a call to a designated area furnished with seating and acoustical panels. In a tale of two libraries, the former facility pales in comparison to the new library’s amazing array of specialty rooms, interior finishes, new services and cutting-edge technologies. Overall, Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

CHECKING OUT THE NEW LIBRARY The lobby contains several owner-driven changes inserted at the 11th hour. The Dailey Company’s nimble response to these alterations kept the schedule on pace while improving the appearance and function of the new facility. “The Dailey Company was very open and amenable to making any changes," said Farkas. “This reflects Dailey’s flexibility, because they were open to changes even in the last few weeks of the job.” As one example, a wood-slotted ash ceiling added warmth to the lobby. In a second change, a brown marble and glass wainscot tiling turned a sterile restroom wall – the entrance is visible from the lobby – into an attractive expanse. Because of extra dollars, substantial space was added over the community meeting room in the middle of the project. Originally slated to be a single-story space, the newly created second story now houses more meeting rooms, additional storage space and a newly relocated administrative area, said Danko. As to the main source of the extra funds, “one of the fortunate challenges that came out of the project was the result of its very competitive bid pricing,” said Browne. “As the building came in well below the anticipated budget cost, the consultant team worked with the building authority after the project was bid to provide a The building’s “book jacket,” or exterior cladding, is series of additional program features, a pleasing combination of glass, brick and randomly including additional second floor placed sized and colored phenolic veneer panels. public meeting space, special artwork, furniture for outdoor library spaces, and interior features for the children's area The library entrance and lobby is as and fireplace reading lounge." In total, “the thoughtfully subdivided into sections as the library returned about $800,000 dollars to book genres on the library’s shelves. The the community in the form of debt service library’s main entrance has two sets of on the bond,” said Farkas. “Then the city doors, the first leading to a vestibule lined authorized some extra amenities for the with wood-clad lockers. “People can reserve library.” Dailey also saved the library over books and remove their selections from the $100,000 in value engineering, added locker after-hours, gaining locker access via Danko. a special code,” said Farkas. The second set As another alteration, The Dailey of doors opens to reveal an expansive lobby Company installed a metal canopy over the with the main checkout desk to the left and library’s dual drive-through service the Read a Latte Café in a highly visible windows, one leading to an automated fivelocation to the right. Sandwiches, salads, bin material handling system able to baked goods and cappuccino fill this efficiently process the more than 600,000 charming enclave clad in white and red tile materials checked out annually at this busy and cleverly named in a community-wide information hub. The material handler scans contest. The lobby and community meeting and automatically deposits the materials room, just north of the café, work as a unit. into bins slated for different areas of the “The lobby is configured to allow use of the library, thereby reducing the processing large community meeting room during time required to return a book to its shelf. evening and weekend hours, without This system will become even more requiring access to the main library spaces,” important as Farkas expects the number of said Browne. collection space, meeting rooms, and computer stations are all doubled in size. Meeting space includes a 20-person boardroom and a 10-person meeting room, as well as five tutoring rooms on the first floor and four on the second level. “The library now has its first official computer lab with its own bank of 24 computers for community computer classes,” said Farkas. “We now have over 107 computers for public use, whereas before we had 42.” The interior reflects the considered placement of a long list of diverse spaces. “The first floor is the more active level with the youth area, large community meeting rooms, and the main checkout,” said Farkas. “The second floor is the research and quiet study area containing the reference desk, computer lab, and the adult and teen collections.”

PHOTO COURTESY OF BEI ASSOCIATES

strategies, designed for both “green” and purely practical purposes. As part of stormwater management, “a series of bioswales on the west and south sides of the property were designed for parking lot and patio drainage,” said Blair. “Furthermore, an irrigation system, using well water and city water, if necessary, was installed with special filters due to the water’s high iron content. Both spray-type sprinklers and a water drip system are utilized to keep water stains off concrete walkways and the building.” The groundwater irrigation well with 40 percent subsurface dripper lines are part of an underground automated irrigation system responsible for keeping both the library grounds and Fuerst Park well-watered and green.

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PHOTO COURTESY OF BEI ASSOCIATES

With its colorful murals and a car called the Novi Special, a love of reading will come naturally to children who visit the Novi Public Library’s youth area.

checked-out materials to reach the million mark at the end of the library's first year in operation. A manual book return is in place in case of power outages. The second window permits people to pick up materials, ordered online or on the phone, without ever leaving their car. “I can think of only two libraries in Michigan that have that service,” said Farkas. Self-checkout stations within add to the library’s unparalleled level of convenience and service. In turn, The Dailey Company provided the library with unprecedented service throughout the project, fielding every alteration and keeping the schedule on track. “Paul was right on target throughout the job, and Vince was attentive to every detail,” said Farkas. “They both were immensely dedicated to the project.” A JIGSAW PUZZLE IN CLAY Today every patron at the new Novi Public Library can enjoy efficient service and the craftsmanship of a wonderful building. Imported from Italy, the lobby flooring is a striking gray porcelain ceramic tile with random white streaks. Plus, over 1,600 handcrafted tiles throughout the building interior add to a long list of amazing interior features. Connie Lunski, a former high school teacher and artist, created the handcrafted tiles over the course of six years and donated her work to the library. Aptly named, Life Tiles, the pieces tell the story of the entire known cosmos and depict the rainbow of human cultures. The lobby tiles depict the origin of the universe and move

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through the geological periods of Earth history, telling the story of life’s emergence in clay. Each tile group focuses on a different theme and is mounted on the walls of compatible sections of the library. “Tile groups in the Youth Service Department feature everything from storybook characters to different dinosaurs with one tile containing an actual dinosaur bone,” said Farkas. Culture tiles in the adult and teen collections illustrate civilizations from Asia to Egypt. Over 400 tiles in the administrative area embody the American experience with individual tiles depicting Mt. Rushmore, the polio vaccine, and even Star Wars. Fittingly, Lunski's final piece is a library tile dedicated to the new Novi Public Library. Recreating the history of the cosmos in clay was Lunski's self-appointed mission. Assembling and mounting this jigsaw puzzle of the known universe was the task of Dailey's subcontractor, B & B Tile. Each tile was placed in a precise sequence and in a particular group as detailed on the artist’s own set of plans. "Each tile was numbered on the back,” said Washington. “We spent hours getting the right number in the right spot before the actual mounting." Added Danko, “the slight difference in size between each of the individually fired tiles added another element of challenge to the task.” The Dailey Company assisted with another specialty item, namely the transport of the Novi Special through the front doors of the building and onto a viewing platform

in the youth area. Once driven by Bobby Unser, the Novi Special is a powerful engine installed in a series of different racing cars that competed at the Indianapolis 500. Because Novi industrialist Lew Welch funded this tiger of an engine with its trademark roar, Novi’s Economic Development Corporation purchased the car in 1983. Farkas encouraged its release from storage and its placement in the new library’s youth area as a nod to the region’s rich automotive history and as a spark to excite children’s curiosity. Dailey rolled in the Novi Special early to avoid damaging other interior finishes; Kehrig Steel then rigged the car into place on the newly built viewing platform. “The platform simulates a finish line,” said Blair. “Theme games for youth are fastened to the sides of the platform.” Basically, “playing car” prevents an excited child from damaging the actual car. The sizeable youth area also includes a colorful story-time room with access to the outdoor terrace. "We hope to do a lot of programming on the patio in the summer," said Farkas. For security purposes, the terrace or patio is gated on both ends to protect young children and secure library materials. Completing this massive department, the youth area also hosts a 36person activity room for Snack Tales, Lego Club and Kiddie Crafts. THE END OF THE CONSTRUCTION CHRONICLES As the final chapter in the library’s construction chronicle, The Dailey Company demolished the old library, developed a new parking lot in its place, and installed storm sewers for the new lot to prepare for the grand June opening of this new facility, said Danko. More than a mere doubling of collection space, the new Novi Public Library is a wonderful place, linking park, patio and people into an inspired reading experience and civic destination. Over 800 people a day visited the former library, but even more are expected to use the services of the new facility, whether to check out the new blu-ray collection, read a magazine around the fireplace, or grab a mocha and read a good book. Together the City of Novi’s library board and building authority, The Dailey Company, BEI Associates, and Diamond and Schmitt have created a remarkable new town square and gathering place created to inform and to inspire an entire community. At the new Novi Public Library, the Information Age has never looked so good.

“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


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oung students can drift away from a lesson while at their desks, but usually not while standing at a chalkboard in front of their peers. Through years of training and experience, teachers learn when pupils should work on their own and when they should be nudged into focusing a little more thoroughly in front of the class. When students are really thinking about their work with helpful encouragement from the rest of the class, they can make significant breakthroughs. The College of Education and Human Services (EHS) Building at Central Michigan University (CMU) celebrates this collaborative learning process with monumental slate exterior walls that resemble a massive

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chalkboard. Although the project team was more likely to have shown their work on a computer screen, they also benefited from group input as they worked to deliver a structure uniquely fitted to the diverse programs that would be housed inside. The success of this effort, led by architect SHW Group, Berkley, and general contractor, Walsh Construction, Detroit, is evident in the completed building. BUILDING FOR TEACHERS For many years, the majority of programs within the College of Education and Human Services were housed in Ronan Hall on the northwest side of CMU’s campus. The building was originally a library with few

interior partitions. In some locations, individual spaces were cordoned off with temporary walls that stopped 12 inches from the ceiling. Light gauge wire mesh connected the tops of these walls to the ceiling to allow for airflow, but this situation was obviously not ideal. The building also lacked sufficient space to meet program requirements. “Program components were scattered throughout the campus,” said Linda Slater, director of plant engineering and planning for Central Michigan University. “This new building gave us a great opportunity to bring everything together with technology to support teaching.” In addition to incorporating technology, “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


the building needed to meet the complex needs of many diverse university programs. Developing an understanding of these requirements emerged as an early project challenge. “We had visioning sessions with all the users of the building,” said Nathanial Walsh, AIA, LEED AP, project architect for SHW Group. “We put together a list of guiding principles for the building. The building needed to fit into the campus fabric, so entrances are on major traffic hubs from the residential side of campus to the academic side. We also wanted to have a signature identity for the building because of the signature programs inside.” EHS maintains a strong presence on CMU’s campus. Visibility of the slate used on the exterior was maximized by selecting this material for the tallest portion of the building. The building’s terra cotta rain screen provides a strong contrast, making Mount Pleasant’s largest chalkboard even more striking. Tinted glass panels between classrooms and corridor spaces also reinforce the structure’s educational mission by acting as see-through chalkboards. Visitors can experience the classroom environment by seeing what is being written while also enjoying the natural light that is transmitted by the panels. Clear glass also provides a tantalizing look inside many educational laboratories throughout the building; including reading laboratories where clinics for elementary school students are held, a computer laboratory, and a specialized laboratory that was built to suit the unique needs of science educators. Natural light flows into all of these areas from an outdoor patio that is set between the reading and computer labs to provide an outdoor learning space. Large lectures can easily be accommodated in the 200-seat French Auditorium, which is outfitted with attractive bamboo panels accented with rich slate. The elliptical shape of the auditorium complicated the acoustical design because sound had a natural tendency to bounce back and forth, but perforated bamboo panels with acoustical backing were placed in key positions to mitigate this effect. The shape of the auditorium and the bamboo panels overhead contribute to a warm and cozy feel that makes any acoustical difficulties well worth the effort. Every space at EHS involved specific challenges set by the departments that would use them. Their needs influenced every aspect of the design. “We worked with every user group to determine what their needs were,” said Tod Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

Stevens, AIA, LEED AP, principle for SHW group. “Certain groups needed to be near other groups. Children wanted to be outside in the sun, so we purposely put those spaces on the lower levels so the children could play.” In addition to a list of needs for each department, there were global needs that were addressed throughout the entire structure.

BUILDING FOR THE PRESENT Buildings, like other works of art, are usually appreciated shortly after they are created. Truly great expressions possess a timeless quality that doesn’t diminish with age. Not all buildings have this rare quality, and only time will tell if it can be found at EHS, but the project team went to great lengths to preserve their vision for years to come. Longevity and ease of maintenance

Tinted glass panels between classrooms and corridor spaces reinforce the building’s educational mission by acting as see-through chalkboards. CAM MAGAZINE

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Terra cotta rain screens eliminate mortar to let water flow in and out freely.

were key project considerations. Terra cotta rain screen cladding used on a significant portion of the exterior was a major component in the overall strategy to create a durable building. Most exterior systems are designed to keep moisture out. Failure can occur anywhere in the system, but is most common along the joints that are needed to allow for movement. When they are detected early enough, leaks can be fixed before underlying building elements are damaged, but this requires diligent checking throughout the life of the structure. Unintended leaks are greatly reduced with a rain screen system, because the walls are designed to transmit moisture by eliminating mortar to let water flow in and out freely. “The easiest way to explain this is to think of drinking from a straw,” said Stevens. “You aren’t sucking the water in, you are creating lower pressure inside the straw. Pressure pushes it into your mouth. By opening up the joints, we created a wall that no longer pulls

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water in…In essence cutting a hole in the straw.” Stevens pointed out that masonry veneer buildings often display “supersaturation” on rainy days, where pressure differentials keep the top corners of the walls wet long after the rest of the walls are dry. This provides visual evidence that water is being drawn into the wall system. Even without having pressure differentials to contend with, the EHS project team placed insulation and a vapor barrier behind the rain screen as part of a “belt and suspenders” approach to keeping water out. The track system that the rain screens are attached to also allowed for a large cavity in which Stony Creek Services, Inc., Westland, installed a thick layer of spray foam insulation to meet thermal performance goals. Finding an area contractor who could understand the nuances of the terra cotta system was critical for success. “Terra cotta was a new façade for the

construction crews to work with and we needed to find contractors who were qualified to work with the system,” said Paul Yambor, project manager for Walsh Construction. “Our biggest concern was that the terra cotta was supported off the structural steel. Normally tolerances are around an inch. On this job, they had 1/8” tolerance.” In addition to installing a system to keep building components dry, the project team also took several steps to preserve the appearance of the structure over time. Flat, horizontal surfaces were avoided to prevent dust buildup on stair rails and other architectural features. Gypsum board, which can be damaged in high traffic areas, was replaced with porcelain tile and bamboo that are much more durable. The tile that was used in the corridors also fits in well with sustainability goals, being made from scraps that were left over after the tiles were cut. Once these scraps were fingered “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


together, they created an attractive pattern that was made even more so by the amount of waste that was diverted from landfills. Building for the present also meant meeting the current needs of the University. In other words, the EHS had to be finished on time. The terra cotta and slate used on the exterior were both long lead-time items, but the 2008 Summer Olympics and a massive earthquake severely impacted slate deliveries from China. Edgar Boettcher Masonry, Bay City, compensated for the uneven flow of materials by altering crew sizes, working a skeleton crew when materials were not available and “manning up” when they arrived, but late deliveries mandated significant changes to a carefully developed project schedule. Boettcher Masonry needed to work very closely with Walsh Construction to prevent these changes from altering the final completion date. “There had to be an element of trust between the contractor and us,” said Ed Boettcher, president of Boettcher Masonry. “They needed to work with us and we needed to work with them.” Trust was a common theme throughout the project. Perhaps the most sacred trust was the commitment to build a sustainable facility that would meet future needs.

Sunlight is the most colorful sustainable feature found at EHS, as it floods in from every direction and scatters to showcase every color of the visible spectrum. The project team made a great effort to bring natural light into almost every corner of the

building. The team created a solar diagram, charting out the sun’s position in the sky throughout the year. This drawing was an essential tool in positioning the building and in designing eyebrow-like protrusions above windows that block harsh summer

The project team made a great effort to bring natural light into almost every corner of the building.

BUILDING FOR THE FUTURE In addition to attractive slate gray and reddish terra cotta, there is also plenty of green at EHS. Sustainable building elements that contribute to the anticipated GoldLevel Certification under the USGBC’s LEED rating system for the EHS come in all colors, but the first one that will be noticed by many EHS visitors happens to be green. The building’s green roof encompasses a total of 27,705 square feet on a total of four separate roof surfaces, some of which are easily visible from the upper floors of the building’s tallest section. The vegetated matt system placed atop the roof was supplemented with a thin layer of growth medium to make sure the sedum took root, but the overall weight was still only about 19 pounds per-square-inch, far less than the four-inch tray systems that typically weigh about 30 pounds persquare-inch. The lighter weight matt system greatly reduced structural costs, but one key advantage of tray systems is the fact that trays can be moved to check for roof leaks. SHW compensated for this by putting a fourply built-up roof underneath the matt, where a single ply would be more typical. The anticipated life of this robust roof is 20 years. Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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The storytelling pavilion is designed to serve as a puppet theater, reading spot or stage, but imaginative children can probably discover thousands of other uses throughout the course of a day.

rays during the summer to minimize thermal gain while gaining the maximum warming benefit of the sun during the winter. Windows also feature light shelves to reflect natural light farther into the building. Operable windows were installed in offices and other spaces where responsibility for opening and closing them can be assigned to a single person, but classrooms windows are fixed to keep them from being left open accidentally. Classrooms were grouped on the north side of the building to allow these densely occupied areas to gain the best benefit of the sun, while individual offices were placed on the south side of the building. Many other green design elements are found throughout the building. Plants for exterior landscaping include drought resistant and indigenous varieties. Floor finishes include carpet tile that is high in recycled content and sheet linoleum. LowVOC paints and stains were used throughout the project. The ultimate success of these sustainability efforts depended on how well contractors understood and complied with them. Subcontractors brought various levels of green experience with them, but Walsh Construction developed a standardized spreadsheet format that helped veterans and novices alike as they submitted documentation to USGBC as required by LEED. “The subcontractors appreciated the spreadsheets because it was one less thing for them to do,” said Yambor. “They didn’t need to create their own documents.” No matter what their experience level with LEED projects, subcontractors

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benefited from this thoughtful extra step taken by Walsh Construction. The project team worked even harder to meet the needs of the youngest visitors to the EHS, who have had hardly any experience at all. BUILDING FOR KIDS Children who visit the EHS each day may not know as much as the adults who educate and care for them, but their eager young minds will catch up very quickly. The Child Development Learning Lab was designed using the Reggio Emilia Approach, which stresses an ability to learn through touching, moving, listening, seeing and hearing that is unique to the young. The physical environment is considered a “teacher” under this approach, so the design team was tasked with developing spaces that would captivate the senses. Children enter the building through their own door, which facilitates easy access from a circular drive with short-term parking spaces for parents and also minimizes contact with CMU’s general student population. Once inside, children quickly realize that the entrance is not the only feature built with them in mind. Flooring in the entry features an intricate floor with mesquite wood that is filled in with grout, combining the natural beauty of wood with the tactile sensation of walking on a textured surface. Even the restroom walls in this section of the EHS are textured, turning the most basic functions into learning opportunities. A climbing wall and numerous nooks and crannies to explore add to the many educational opportunities at hand. The eyes are also engaged within the

space. Colorful objects are strategically placed throughout the facility to let light shine through. As children see vibrant shapes moving and interacting with other colors on the floors and walls, all in sync with the daily rhythm of the sun, they begin to understand this process. Every observed activity is an opportunity for a child to learn; so the inside movement area even includes clear views into the kitchen, letting children develop an appreciation of the work that is done to prepare their food each day. Of course, children are not the only ones who learn by what they can see and hear at EHS. Soundproofed observation rooms let entire classes of CMU students watch as children interact with teachers or each other from behind mirrored glass. Observers can even activate specific microphones to listen in on conversations anywhere in the room. Though they have no way of staying out of sight, students would also do well to observe children in the outdoor learning garden. This area also features a variety of textures to keep developing brains busy, as well as soft surfaces to cushion falls. Another outdoor highlight is the storytelling pavilion. Far from a prefabricated play structure, this custom-built space is designed to serve as a puppet theater, reading spot or stage, but imaginative children can probably discover thousands of other uses during the course of a day. Building a facility that allows young minds to develop is an investment in the future, but the project team did not neglect the older brains of students who come to EHS to learn to shape the future as teachers. Displacement ventilation used in the structure enhances energy efficiency while improving indoor air quality by bringing low velocity air in near floor level. Occupants act as “chimneys” by drawing cool air towards their bodies, where it is warmed enough to naturally rise up to exhaust vents near the top of the room, thereby creating a comfortable learning environment. Stairs are also prominently featured to keep students in good physical shape by discouraging elevator use and some computer workstations even include treadmills that can be used to maximize this effect. The EHS site represents a very public chalkboard at the heart of the CMU campus, upon which the project team was called on to build a quality facility that met diverse needs. With their combined expertise, they harbored little anxiety showing their work, even in front of Michigan’s talented design and construction class.

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Seed Money Eastern Market’s Shed 3 Renovation Primes District for Growth

By Mary E. Kremposky, Associate Editor very Saturday, a part of Detroit becomes the land of milk and honey. Jars filled with the sweet gold of orange clover, loosestrife and wildflower honey line one of the many vendor stalls in Eastern Market’s newly renovated Shed 3. Originally constructed in 1922, Shed 3 is a grand hall of produce bursting with tomatoes, potted herbs, blueberries and broccoli crowns, all displayed in a historic

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Photography by Curt Clayton, Clayton Studio building with 40-foot-high ceilings and abundant windows once blocked by sheets of opaque, corrugated Plexiglas. The Eastern Market Corporation (EMC), in cooperation with the City of Detroit Recreation Department, forged a master plan, called Eastern Market 360, for the redevelopment of all five sheds in Eastern Market and for the renewal of the Market as a whole. Thanks to this visionary plan and

the dedication of Detroit-based Kraemer Design Group, PLC, and a joint venture of Keo & Associates, Inc. and the Michigan office of Turner Construction Company, Shed 3 is now flooded with natural light and primed for a geothermal system. Letting in the sunshine and drawing on the good Earth are all part of “growing the market.” An added bonus is the rental revenue generated from the use of Shed 3 as “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


a venue for special events. Unveiling its architectural beauty and inserting new building systems has created an exciting new venue in the Detroit metropolitan area. The Market is already enjoying the fruits of its labor. In January 2010, General Motors unveiled its 2011 line of cars and trucks to the media at historic Shed 3 as a parallel event with the North American International Auto Show. Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

The flexible planning of EMC, a 501(3) (c) nonprofit organization operating under an agreement to manage and promote Eastern Market for the City of Detroit, steered the project and the newly revised master plan in the proper direction. Shed 3 was originally slated to be a market hall complete with teaching kitchens and nutrition education – a slot now reserved for a future Shed 4. “Because any food preparation requires a washable ceiling, inserting lower roofs would compromise the amazing architecture of the building,” said Randall Fogelman, EMC vice president of business development. Plus, the 30,000-square-foot building was too large to make it as a viable market hall. “It would have been the largest market hall in the country,” added Fogelman. “Due to its size and architecture, we decided to renovate Shed 3 and return it to its former glory.” Shed 3 is a cruciform, or cross-shaped, building with an octagon core rising to a height of about 40 feet, said Brian Rebain, Kraemer project architect. The building arms radiate from the octagon and step down in two separate tiers – one an upper tier of clerestory windows and the lower one a series of 20-foot-high roofs and overhead doors. Each of the four arms has an imposing brick entrance graced by gabled roofs, cornice dentils, decorative medallions and massive arched windows. Before renovation, all window openings were wrapped in a cocoon of opaque Plexiglas, including the octagon. With the Plexiglas “shutters” removed, the play of light and the soaring, nave-like ceilings turn a simple “shed’ into a grand, light-washed space with an almost cathedral-like feel. Kraemer’s contemporary renovation even called for the installation of new entry and overhead doors with windows, drawing even more natural light into the interior and showcasing the market activities within to the community outside. Renovation of this 88-year-old shed called for juggling a busy construction site with a bustling market. Keo/Turner had to completely vacate the jobsite every Friday at 3 pm to clear the way for the popular Saturday Market. Keo/Turner also managed the meticulous work of replacing rusted steel angles and repairing spalled concrete throughout the entire building. “In a building of this age, nothing is square, plumb or level, so in addition to everything else, we would have to construct a lot of little infills to make things fit and work,” said Bob Bowen, Turner senior project manager. Added Kojo Dom, Keo vice president operations, “Every one of the overhead

doors are custom made, because the slope of the floor is slightly different.” Given the amazing results, the entire project team – and people throughout the region – can enjoy the bounty of this landmark enclave due east of downtown Detroit. “Eastern Market is such a historic and vibrant part of the city,” said Bowen. “It is great to be a part of bringing it back given what it means to the Market, the city, and the region to have a district like Eastern Market.” GROWING A CITY At Eastern Market – the largest historic public market district in the United States it’s hard not to eat your vegetables. At peak, the retail or public market attracts 40,000 people every Saturday to this hub of fruits, vegetables, restaurants and unique specialty shops adrift with the aroma of spices and stocked with cheeses. The incomparable Shed 3 serves not only as a special events venue, but also as part of the public Saturday Market and as part of the wholesale market that operates midnight to 6 a.m. every weekday from April through November. The wholesale market transfers produce from growers to distributors and buyers in restaurants and independent supermarket chains. “We are probably one of the few that still has a retail and a wholesale market all in the same campus,” said Fogelman. The 44-acre district has a fascinating past, present and future. Once a ribbon farm and then a cemetery (the graves were removed around 1890), the district once housed a prison at it northern end, said Fogelman. The present Market is in the middle of a welcome renovation, for Shed 3 is only one of many seeds of economic growth being planted by EMC. Part of the Eastern Market 360 master plan will turn the Market into a living classroom and an agent for economic growth. According to EMC’s website, the renovated Shed 2 already hosts live cooking demonstrations, the future Shed 4, expected to be an L-shaped, two-story building, will house a teaching kitchen as part of a Market Hall/Education Center, and a Shed 5 expansion and renovation will serve as community kitchen, business incubator, and another special events venue. Shed 6’s canopy will be expanded, as well. “The Sheds are part of a strategic plan to develop the entire market to a national standard such as you would see in Philadelphia and other cities,” said Vincent Anwunah, AICP, general manager, planning design and construction management of the City of Detroit Recreation Department. The goal is to have our Saturday Market, a CAM MAGAZINE

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PHOTOS BY MARCI CHRISTIAN, CAM MAGAZINE

Shed 3 and the entire Eastern Market – the largest historic public market district in the United States – attracts about 40,000 people on prime Saturdays. Keo/Turner had to vacate the jobsite every Friday at 3 p.m. to clear the way for the popular Saturday Market.

weekday market in the evening, and ultimately to open Eastern Market to the public seven days a week. “Eastern Market is an integral part of the overall economic development of the city, because the entire area will benefit from a busy market,” said Anwunah. “We want to link this area to activities going on downtown, at Comerica Park and at Ford Field.” Another development is linking Eastern Market to the nearby Dequindre Cut, a pathway following a former freight rail line from the

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Detroit riverfront to just south of Gratiot. “The next phase will take it all the way to Mack Avenue, and it will have specific exits to bring people right to the Market, and a future loop will connect all the way to Midtown,” said Fogelman. PREPARING THE SOIL The revitalization of Shed 3 and the Market as a whole have been years in the making, for tilling the troubled economy of Detroit is not work for the faint-hearted.

Dating back to 1996, groups have coalesced around a series of task forces, action plans, and advisory panels, including the Eastern Market Reinvestment Strategy that addressed each of the sheds and the overall potential of the Market in 2003. As a further effort, The University of Michigan conducted a design charette in 2005. The City of Detroit forged the agreement in August 2006 with EMC to manage the Market for the city. EMC built on past efforts to “prepare the soil” for the 2007 renovation “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


of Shed 2, an open-air structure built in 1891. But in 2008, “we re-evaluated the entire Market plan, because the world had changed a great deal since the original reinvestment strategy was done,” said Fogelman. EMC and the Recreation Department worked in cooperation on the Eastern Market 360 master plan, including the renovation plan for Shed 3. “Part of the money was also from the City, so we worked out how best we can fuse private money and City money together to achieve the anticipated result for Shed 3,” said Anwunah. After selection of Kraemer Design Group, EMC bid the project in collaboration with the City, ultimately selecting the Keo/Turner joint venture. “We work very closely with the Recreation Department, which is our official liaison with the City,” said Fogelman. Kraemer Design Group began translating ideas into a design for the regeneration of Shed 3. Kraemer used the magic of glass – clear, insulated and low E – and the power of the paintbrush to “create a more inviting atmosphere on both the interior and exterior of the building,” said Rebain. Kraemer Design “warmed the color palette,” transforming the sterile white interior into richer hues of color. Warm orange coats the concrete, dark brown covers the steel columns, and a subtle grayish green blankets the high ceilings. The same color palette transforms the exterior, once a sea of blue-painted overhead doors. Shed 3 now complements its next-door neighbor, Shed 2. “The colors were chosen to tie the two buildings together,” said Fogelman. “Shed 2 is red brick with brown accents and Shed 3 is brown brick with reddish-orange accents.” Kraemer unsealed the window openings (only the transom windows above the overhead doors were sealed to conceal the workings of the new power doors) and opened the floor plan, first removing the central concession stand and then the rows of concrete curbs once used as product platforms. Shed 3 is now an open and inviting “empty slate” ready for rental by for a wide variety of community and corporate events. Designing creature comforts and restoring the integrity of the concrete masonry rounded out the design mission. APRIL SHOWERS AND MAY FLOWERS Having a design 100 percent complete at bid time was a blessing to the budget. “Because of the fully complete design, we were able to obtain fully complete bids as far as scope of work,” said Bowen. “We were able to formulate some very detailed bid Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

packages, making allowances for a few items we knew might have some gray areas to them.” The competitive bidding environment in 2008 also aided the project’s bottom line, helping Keo/Turner control costs and deliver a $6.2 million dollar renovation. Schedule-wise, vendors were moved into Shed 5 from January through the end of March, giving Keo/Turner free rein to work

within the interior during the first phase. On Jan. 2, the clock began counting down to the first major deadline: being ready for Flower Day 2009, a grand event turning the market into a sea of over a million geraniums, petunias and other plants, and a tidal wave of over 150,000 people from across the region. “A major milestone was to achieve temporary occupancy and to make the building functional for Flower Day always

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held a week after Mother’s Day in mid-May,” said Bowen. Having the new floor poured by April – the start of EMC’s lease year and the wholesale market – was an interim checkpoint on the way to Flower Day 2009, added Fogelman. The first step was to carefully peel away layers of old paint. “In January, we enclosed the building in a sealed work environment and our demolition and abatement contractor came in and removed all the lead-based paint,” said Bowen. Demolishing the existing concrete floor was the next step in revitalizing the 88-yearold building. At this juncture, Keo/Turner encountered the first of several unforeseen conditions. “When we took out the old floor and dropped the elevations, we found that the bottom of some of the columns had rusted out a bit over the years,” said Bowen. Kraemer designed a two-and-a-half-foot tall encasement at the base of the rusted columns, reinforcing the columns in concrete and adding some new plates to transfer the load downward. Both revamped column bases and the newly installed radiant heat floor offer the Market welcome amenities. All of the column bases have convenient electrical outlets and direct water service strategically placed throughout the shed; the piping installed within the newly poured radiant

heat floor will soon be part of a geothermal system slated for future installation. Ultimately, the geothermal or geo-exchange system will heat both Shed 3 and its future next-door neighbor, Shed 4. Having successfully met the first scheduling hurdle, the core difficulty in meeting the Flower Day deadline was installation of new exterior concrete curbs and sidewalks and a new asphalt parking lot. The culprit was the weather. In this case, April showers did not easily bring the market’s May flowers. “It was a very wet spring,” said Bowen. “It rained almost all of April, which created some serious difficulties in trying to prepare the sub-base and accomplish asphalt paving.” Whenever Mother Nature turned off the spigot, Keo/Turner’s subcontractors set to work, sometimes laboring on weekends and nights to deliver the job. “The sub-base, where a couple of the parking lots were to be poured, was inundated with water,” said Bowen. “Our subcontractor basically regraded everything, pushing the stone from one side to the other to bring air and sunlight to help dry it out sufficiently to allow us to compact and pave it.” Thanks to Keo/Turner and its cooperative subcontractors, Shed 3 opened for business, unrolling a carpet of colorful blooms in plenty of time for Eastern Market’s 43rd

annual Flower Day in May 2009. Shed 3 then opened for the public market every Saturday from May through November, creating another logistical hurdle for the construction team. Keo/Turner turned the Shed over to EMC every Friday afternoon in preparation for Saturday’s public market and then resumed control of the space on Monday morning. Having the design 100 percent complete at time of bids was again pivotal in smoothly accomplishing this schedule pressure point. “EMC and the City put together the requirements for that whole schedule phasing, so we actually purchased it that way with the subcontractors,” said Bowen. “They understood that as of this date the building is turned over to the Market every Friday at 3 p.m.” An adjacent parking lot offered the perfect staging area for equipment and material storage. “Every Friday you would see a small parade of lifts moving at two or three miles an hour to the staging area 200 feet away,” said Bowen. “On Monday morning, the same parade would move back into the building.”

LET THE SUNSHINE IN While pouring the floor, Keo/Turner began the “grand opening” of the building by

New lighting fills Shed 3 with a beautiful glow and highlights its historical façade. Shed 3 serves as part of a wholesale market that operates from midnight to 6 am every weekday from April through November.

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Blue Star, Inc. unsealing the windows. The grapples of hydraulic excavators plucked eight-foot wooden carrots, clusters of ruby red-painted apples, and other fruit murals from the window openings of the four brick entry facades. A local architect created the wellknown fruit graphics in the ‘70s as a less expensive way to draw more attention to the Market. Because the murals were not in good enough shape to save, EMC crafted smaller versions and installed the minimurals on the exterior walls of their own office, cutting holes in the fruit tableau for people to place their faces and have their photograph taken. “Being part of our history, the murals were something that we wanted to recognize and wanted to incorporate in the feel of the Market,” said Fogelman. Next, the opaque Plexiglas sheets were removed from the octagon, clerestory, and entry portals, slowly flooding the Shed interior with unobstructed light and restoring dramatic sight lines as surely as removal of a cataract sharpens vision. But simply glazing in new windows and calling it a day was just not possible in this old

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building. Moisture had seeped along the edges of the Plexiglas sheets rusting the 88year-old steel angles needed to hold the windows in place. “The original idea was to reuse the angles, but when we took the windows and the flashings out we could see how far they had deteriorated,” said Bowen. “If left in place, we would be back in three or four years replacing them, because the windows would start to sag. The decision was made to rip out the old and install new angles.” The extent of the corrosion made it difficult to achieve a proper fit between the old openings and the new windows. “One of the biggest issues was actually fitting in new windows to the old openings, which had just corroded over the years,” said Rebain. “A great deal of restoration work had to be done to get those openings square and ready for new glazing. These conditions existed pretty much around the entire building.” The poor fit “prevented us from ordering the high octagon windows for a couple of months,” said Bowen. “Corroded framed openings had to be evaluated and repaired

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Converting Shed 3 into a more appealing marketplace and a venue for special events meant removal of Plexiglass shutters and an introduction of new building systems.

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before new measurements could be taken and materials ordered.” Hard work and the meticulous probing of the layers of the masonry wall resolved each issue until all openings were glazed with clear glass. Standing in the interior, the octagon of clear glass becomes a canvas of clouds, a living Weather Channel of sun, rain or snow. The new windows even complement the historical brick façade. “We selected windows that were obviously modern in efficiencies, but worked well with the historical character of the building,” said Rebain. COSMETIC CONCRETE SURGERY From spring through September 2009, the project team worked on repairing the historical façade, replacing only about 10 percent of the brick and thoroughly cleaning “the dull and discolored masonry,” said Jessica Knight, architect with the Recreation Department. As part of the renovation, the grand arched portals of the four historical entrances were given more class and dignity. Gone are the battered old rubber gasket doors. New doors with windows, signage, and an entrance canopy now greet visitors. The canopy does double duty as a platform for exterior lighting that illuminates the towering entrances and the beautiful details of the historical façade at night. Thanks to a fresh coat of natural tone

paint, the details of the decorative precast concrete medallions – one of the seal of the City of Detroit and the other the seal of the State of Michigan – stand out in sharper relief, along with the central keystone arch depicting a bundle of wheat. Generations of Detroiters have passed under the same portals on their way through the Saturday Market, for the vast majority of the brick and precast of the entrance portals are original to the building, minus a few pieces of replaced cornice, new metal coping, and the large precast headers over the expansive side windows. Other concrete components in the interior and exterior did not fare as well. “During design and construction, the biggest challenge was the concrete cladding,” said Rebain. “The columns, beams, and window headers are steel encased in concrete, but the concrete itself had been failing. With all that spalling, we had to chip away and basically figure out the extent of it, and determine how much work we really had to do to make it clean again.” The overhead doors ringing the building offered another glimpse into the extent of the failed concrete encasement. Each of the columns between the doors had a metal banding or steel channel wrapped around three sides of the column. “The idea was to leave those channels in place and use them to mount the hardware and tracks for the new powered versus the old chain-operated overhead doors,” said Bowen. As we were examining some of the columns, we could almost see all the way through the concrete behind the channel. It had just deteriorated, fallen out, and turned to dust.” The steel channels on all of the columns were ultimately removed, and then RAM Construction Services, Livonia, “formed and patched all the columns to provide a structurally sound and level surface for the attachments of the new overhead doors,” said Bowen. Few visiting the Market would ever realize the hard work poured into Shed 3. “It looks like it should be simple,” said Bowen. “If we were to build it new in the field, it would be easy, but because of its age and all the unforeseen conditions, it increased the level of challenge.” None of these conditions affected the basic integrity of this rock-solid and structurally sound building. The structural steel frame was sound, and “the concrete foundations are so deep they could probably support a 20-story building,” said Bowen. After bracing a few concrete panels on the sloped roof, Keo/Turner installed a membrane roofing system on the lower tier, “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


and a new standing seam metal roof on the upper tiers to blend with the roof system of Shed 2. KEEPING IT COOL Today, Shed 3 is the jewel of Eastern Market with its clear glass and warm color palette. The years of planning and months of design and construction have brought out the original character of this early 20th century building. Welcome amenities to this old Shed include a new electrical system, restrooms and other creature comforts such as a series of massive circulation fans installed in the high ceilings “to move air down when the heat rises in the winter and to draw air up and keep it moving in the summer,” said Rebain. The immense fans with bent yellow tips have the cool factor both in function and in appearance. “I have started seeing them in the last five years in projects all over the country,” added Rebain. “They are being used in large loft-type spaces or industry-type spaces with high ceilings. Architects love them because they look so cool, and engineers like them because the fans function so well.” Low E windows block heat gain, keeping it cool in the summer, as well as a series of mechanically operable vents in some of the clerestory windows. The vents alternate on either side of each arm of the cruciform building. “Air is not just moving between opposite sides of the same arm, but the placement of the vents circulates the air better and helps to eliminate hot spots,” said Rebain. For winter’s chill, air curtains blow heat over each entry to temper the rush of cold air into the Shed. The geothermal system will soon feed into the radiant heat tubing already installed in the new concrete floor. In the future, another geothermal field will serve the anticipated renovation and expansion of Shed 5 and Shed 6. “The plan for Shed 5 – originally built in 1981 – will be to bring it out to Russell Street by building a front addition,” said Fogelman. Something good is always growing at Eastern Market. Virtually all the sheds are aligned in a main avenue, turning the walk between and through them into an unfolding carpet of blooms and edibles. Shed 2 and Shed 3 offer locally grown and Michigan produce, some of it from vendors who are part of the urban farms beginning to sprout across Detroit. Lettuce, herbs and greens are softening Detroit’s rough edges on vacant plots of remediated land throughout the city. EMC supports Greening of Detroit, a group that will begin establishing a 2.5-acre garden near the heart Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

of the Eastern Market District this summer, said Fogelman. Some of that produce will probably be sold in Shed 3 as the Market deepens it roots as part of the local food network. Thanks to the concerted efforts of a broad network of committed people and design and construction professionals, the renovation of Shed 3 has returned this workhorse of building to its original brightness and then

some, giving Old Farmer MacDonald a quality venue and Eastern Market a redevelopment boost. Like a tray of celosia plants, with blooms the shape of candle flames and colors ranging from deep maroon to a startling gold, Eastern Market is a regenerative force with roots poised to spread new shoots of growth into the surrounding city.

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The Doctor is in…Canton

By David R. Miller, Associate Editor

ne-liners about never being able to find a doctor when needed are nearly as old as the medical profession itself. They became familiar clichés because there has always been a grain of truth to them. Even those who can afford to employ their own personal physicians will not have immediate access to specialists or the sophisticated diagnostic and treatment equipment usually found only in hospital settings, but this benefit can be realized by anyone living near the Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery. The St. Joseph Mercy Canton Health Center has provided primary care services for the community since it opened in 1998, but a recently completed 60,000-square-

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Photos by Gene Meadows

foot addition adds sophisticated cancer care and surgery into the equation, greatly increasing the likelihood that people can receive necessary treatment without traveling over great distances. Construction manager George W. Auch Company, Pontiac, and architect HKS Architects, PC, Northville, in partnership with the Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, led the project team that made this a reality. COMMUNITY NEEDS Canton is a growing community, and medical needs have been growing right along with it. “The existing building opened in 1998 and we always envisioned a second phase

on this campus,” said Kathleen Kasperek, director of oncology services and project director for Saint Joseph Mercy Health System. “We realized that we created strong access to primary care with the St. Joseph Mercy Canton Health Center, but we thought that we needed to move towards specialty care.” What followed this decision was a detailed analysis of the community to determine what specialties would best serve its expanding needs. People aged 55 or older were expected to account for the largest percentage of population growth, so planning for the new facility revolved around their medical care. Oncology and surgery were identified as the greatest “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


needs, but this type of advanced care often entails specialized equipment. The linear accelerator quickly emerged as the most challenging piece of equipment from a facilities standpoint. Linear accelerators let physicians treat tumors inside the human body with a focused beam of energy. The facility’s Varian RapidArc® linear accelerator, only the second to be installed in Michigan, allows for a more precisely shaped beam than earlier models, which reduces treatment time while minimizing damage to healthy tissue. Of course, none of this would be possible without radiation. Numerous safeguards were incorporated to contain this radiation and prevent unintended incursions into the Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

space while the equipment was operating. A strobe light activated by a beam sensor positioned near the entry of the linear accelerator serves as a warning. The light would deter most people from going in, but they face no danger from radiation exposure at this point, even though there is no heavy vault door in front of them. The number of people treated each day multiplied by the time needed to open and close these massive doors can translate into a significant loss of treatment time, so the entry corridor, called the “Maze Entry” by the project team, was designed to absorb and reflect radioactive energy to keep it contained within the space. Although a second beam detector deactivates the equipment if it is

crossed or if the door is left open, a person could safely stand inside this doorway, or even move further inside, without being exposed to hazardous levels of radiation. The vault in which the linear accelerator is housed is surrounded by up to 60 inches of concrete along with up to eight inches of steel. Given the tremendous benefits of the linear accelerator that was installed at the facility, the selection of the model would seem to have been an obvious choice. Still, such a massive investment couldn’t be rushed, even though the project team needed to know every detail of not just the linear accelerator, but also every other piece of equipment that they would be building around. “One challenge was in getting the owner to select the equipment as soon as possible,” said William Filip, AIA, vice president and director of construction services for HKS Architects, PC. “Equipment selection is required early in the design process to establish the design criteria for the space.” Without having these design criteria, there can be no design – and no direction for the contractors involved. “The construction documents’ completion was in limbo until the medical equipment manufacturer and type was confirmed,” said David Williams, LEED AP, vice president and project director for the George W. Auch Company. “However, as a team, we were still charged with completing the project on schedule; so we needed to develop workarounds to make that happen.” One such work-around involved releasing bid packages before purchasing decisions had been finalized. This let the team get the information out early enough to get competitive bids, but the approach could backfire if extensive design bulletins were needed after bidding was complete. Fortunately, the project team was able to use the recently completed St. Joseph Mercy Woodlands Cancer Center in Brighton as a guide. Equipment purchased for the Canton facility would likely be very similar to the Brighton facility, so the project team released the specifications and drawings from the Brighton linear accelerator and CT simulator on this project as a bid clarification. Contractors who were interested in bidding the work had enough information to provide quantity-based estimates, while the George W. Auch Company also had sufficient time to sequence the work on schedule. This methodology assured that prices would not be influenced by bulletins that were issued after bidding. CAM MAGAZINE

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Infusion treatments can last several hours, so infusion bays were designed for patient comfort.

“Bulletin work is historically more expensive than work that is bid competitively,” said Eric Shumaker, project manager for the George W. Auch Company. Although many steps were taken to control costs at the Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery, the project team was still able to create a soothing environment for patient care. A HEALING ENVIRONMENT Like any major facility project, the Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery

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was guided by literally thousands of separate decisions. All of these choices were made with a singular objective in mind. “Our goal, with the design we created, each individual design element – the finishes, the type of furniture and fabrics that we chose – was for every patient to have a remarkable experience,” Kasperek. “It doesn’t make the treatment any easier, but the environment is very warm and welcoming.” The element that plays the most dramatic role in creating this environment is free and

abundant in the natural world. The project team simply needed to find a way to bring natural light into spaces that are often only seen under the harsh glare of fluorescent bulbs. Bringing the sun into any room involves design challenges, but functional requirements and privacy concerns compound these issues in medical spaces. Pre- and post-operative beds are placed beneath a bank of windows that let glimmering waves of light wash over patients before gently falling on the nurse’s station at the other side of the room, but the windows are placed high enough on the wall to prevent any direct views from the outside. Operating rooms are similarly outfitted with high windows, but electrically operated shades are controlled by a wall switch, letting doctors control the light coming in to suit the procedures being done as well as their own preferences. Cancer care areas were also designed with the patient experience in mind. Infusion treatments can last several hours, so infusion bays were designed to let patients do whatever makes them the most comfortable. They can watch flat screen televisions that are equipped with pillow speakers or gaze out into the healing garden, all while seated in a comfortable chair in a room that more resembles a dwelling than a medical space. Wood laminates outfitted with end and corner guards combine institutional durability with a homey feel. Other treatment areas including the linear accelerator also feature wood finishes and illuminated nature scenes are placed on the ceiling above so patients have something to look at as they are undergoing procedures. Cancer patients will likely spend the majority of their visit in the infusion bays, so the relaxed atmosphere that permeates all treatment areas is most pronounced in this space. Patients may need daily treatments over a period of months and the staff has noticed a strong tendency for these patients to form bonds with the staff and with each other. Infusion bays are designed to accommodate groups who want to receive treatments in groups, as well as those who prefer privacy. Frosted art glass panels let nurses unobtrusively monitor patents in infusion bays and other areas. The infusion area also includes more private rooms that are completely walled in to accommodate patients who may not feel well enough to socialize with others. No matter how they feel, the emphasis at Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery is in creating a soothing environment in which patients can heal. The “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


LLIED E ENTILATION


The vault housing this linear accelerator is surrounded with protective layers of concrete and steel, but no heavy vault door is needed because of a maze entry that is designed to absorb and reflect radioactive energy to keep it contained within the space.

building facilitates efficient delivery of healthcare services towards this end. Efficient Delivery Some people bristle at the concept of considering efficiency in healthcare design, fearing an assembly line where the focus is simply to move on to the next patient as quickly as possible, but patients clearly benefit from an orderly progression through a healthcare facility. The Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery was designed with this concept in mind. Surgery patients traverse a simple loop pattern that starts in a pre-operative bed where they are made comfortable while they are evaluated and prepared for surgery. After this process is complete, they are brought into the rooms where surgical

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procedures are performed. Those undergoing minor procedures without anesthetic will be brought to one of three procedure rooms. One of these rooms is significantly larger and located within the sterile corridor to facilitate conversion to a fully functional operating room in the future. All surgical equipment is also sterilized within the sterile corridor, eliminating the inefficiencies that can occur when this is done off site. Each of the three operating rooms inside the sterile corridor measures 450 square feet and is outfitted with ceiling mounted booms that hold lights, monitors and other equipment safely out of the way. Structural supports for ceiling mounted booms were also included in the large procedure room to

simplify future conversions. Custom stainless steel furnishings, offering an optimal configuration for the environment and continuous hinges for durability, enhance the functionality of each operating room. Once their procedures are complete, patients are routed back into the opposite end of the room from which they started, via a corridor that is parallel to the one leading into the surgical spaces. A privacy wall separates individual beds in this space and all head walls are equipped for pre- and post-operative care. Individual beds can easily be designated as the situation warrants. Offices, locker rooms and other support spaces are neatly tucked into a cross“Voice Of The Construction Industry�Ž


corridor that runs parallel to the sterile corridor, between the pre- and postoperative corridors. Visitors in waiting areas can track patients on digital display boards throughout the entire process. This efficient design was clearly the product of a project team that was well versed in healthcare work, but the contributions from another highly experienced group cannot be overstated. “The actual caregivers were brought to the table when we began design development,” said Kasperek. “It is always a good idea to incorporate lessons learned into new projects.” One lesson learned involved storage needs associated with the linear accelerator. Patients undergoing these types of procedures must remain motionless for extended periods of time; so bulky immobilization devices that are custom fitted for each patient are always required. Locating and retrieving these items takes time away from treatment, so radiation therapists pushed hard to create numerous hanging racks inside the treatment room. Finding the right device now usually takes only a few

residential development malls offices stores commercial properties restaurants data networks video networks telecommunications

seconds. In addition to functioning well for patients, the facility also had to function well with the attached health center. The health center is essentially an office space, while the Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery is considered a hospital for code purposes. Combining two very different code requirements under the same roof required some creative thinking. For example, a newly created vestibule that was built to provide a two-hour fire rating between the two structures, thereby exceeding code requirements while meeting egress needs for both. A team effort was needed to develop creative solutions like this. A HEALTHY DOSE OF TEAMWORK Any time that a structure with the size and complexity of the Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery is created, there are bound to be at least a few things that do not go exactly as planned. Project teams can usually make adjustments to prevent these issues from having an adverse impact, but occasionally larger issues

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requiring a greater effort emerge. Such was the case when the brick needed to complete the Canton Center was not available. Unfortunately, this was not merely a case of a lost shipment or an incorrect order. Instead, a reduction in demand linked to economic conditions caused the manufacturer to delay production. No amount of creative rescheduling could account for a material that simply did not exist. “That was a very trying time because our schedule was predicated on promised delivery dates and the schedule was in jeopardy,” admitted Williams. The brick did eventually arrive and the project team was able to complete the enclosure as scheduled, but the solution required contributions from the entire team, including the owner. HKS immediately released a new detail that allowed stone and windows to be installed before the brick, instead of after. Changing the detail midstream required a high degree of flexibility, particularly from the masonry and steel contractors. Not every contractor can perform in such

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Surgical patients traverse a simple loop that begins in a pre-operative bed (left). After being treated in one of three operating rooms (right) or three procedure rooms, they are routed back into the opposite end of the room from which they started, via a corridor that is parallel to the one leading into the surgical spaces.

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a demanding environment. Even with this select group of pre-qualified contractors, a few “stumbled” at the finish line according to Williams. “However, other contractors stepped up to help us,” said Williams. “If they hadn’t partnered with us, we wouldn’t have had the successful project that we had. We hit the schedule, we were under budget and we had a satisfied customer with their help.” In addition to having highly skilled subcontractors, the project also benefited from skilled leadership and direction at the top, starting with the Saint Joseph Mercy Health System Planning and Design and Construction Departments, who made significant contributions to the project’s success. HKS draws on experience from designing specialized healthcare facilities across the globe, while Auch Construction’s considerable healthcare expertise can best be demonstrated locally. The firm’s Healthcare Group serves only Southeast Michigan customers including primary healthcare providers with main hospitals and satellite campuses, along with physicians groups, skilled nursing and assisted living clients. The combined experience of the team paid off in very tangible ways for Saint Joseph Mercy Health System. In addition to delivering superior craftsmanship that is evident throughout the facility, the project team was also able to expand the project significantly with savings that were realized during the bidding process. An extensive lobby redesign, including the addition of a new coffee bar, helps to blend the existing St. Joseph Mercy Canton Health Center seamlessly with the new structure, but this improvement was not originally included in the scope of work. Expanded imaging capabilities were added to the existing structure, including the relocation of an existing MRI from the Ann Arbor Campus, upgraded radiology equipment and a docking station for a portable PET/CT scanner that can serve a number of locations. With the addition of the St. Joseph Mercy Canton Center for Advanced Medicine and Surgery, there are few medical procedures that cannot be performed in Canton. The doctor has been in for nearby residents since the St. Joseph Mercy Canton Health Center opened, but now the doctor’s capabilities have been expanded to include nearly every conceivable type of care.

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PHOTO BY MARY E. KREMPOSKY

Building the Missing Link

By Mary E. Kremposky, Associate Editor

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“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


ife is returning to Detroit’s East Riverfront in the form of an amazing network of urban recreational pathways that are transforming this historic area. Along the RiverWalk, bubbling fountains, blooming flowers, a handcrafted carousel, and expanses of manicured green have replaced cement silos and a rag-tag assembly of parking lots. North of the river, the weed-choked tangle of an old railroad line has been cleared and converted into the Dequindre Cut Greenway, a pedestrian-bike path from Woodbridge to Gratiot that will ultimately reach Eastern Market, Midtown and beyond. Only 800 feet - roughly two short blocks stood between the southern terminus of the Dequindre Cut Greenway at Woodbridge and the William G. Milliken State Park and Harbor and the RiverWalk at Atwater. WCI

the fresh start and fresh ideas that are transforming the City of Detroit. We are creating public spaces that will attract visitors, residents and new investment.” This ADA-accessible Trail actually enjoyed two ribbon-cutting events: the snipping of a blue ribbon for the connection to the shimmering harbor and picnic areas of the 31-acre Milliken State Park, and the ceremonial cutting of a green ribbon at the Woodbridge link to the Dequindre Cut Greenway. More than a part of a recreational network, the Dequindre Trail Extension is the pivotal link connecting two once separate pathways into miles of easy riding and walking. Matthew P. Cullen, chair, Detroit RiverFront Conservancy, Board of Directors, called the Trail “the key link in tying greenways to waterways, and creating a great environment for all of us.”

managing Trail construction. Others included Rebecca Humphries, MDNRE director, and Alicia Minter, acting director of the City of Detroit Department of Recreation, the municipal department holding title to the property that will be turned over for maintenance to the MDNRE. The crowd was also filled with the people who put it all together, including Wendy C. Fry, ASLA, CLARB, LEED AP, director of sustainability and landscape architecture, Mannik & Smith, and the WCI team of Brad Gable, field superintendent, Thomas A. Maliszewski III, office superintendent, and Gary Novak, project foreman. WCI President Thomas A. Maliszewski was also pivotal in producing a successful project. “Our design goal was to create something that is playful, unique, and a catalyst for economic development,” said Fry. As general

Contractors, Inc., a Detroit-headquartered business for over 20 years, has constructed the missing link connecting these two lifelines created for recreation and the recreation of this 309-year-old city named after the beautiful blue strait flowing by its front door. Designed by The Mannik & Smith Group, Inc., with offices in Detroit and Canton, the Dequindre Trail Extension re-invents another piece of Detroit. The actual trail is a curving ribbon of pavement winding its way from Woodbridge to Atwater through a mosaic of colored concrete. Charcoal gray banding slices through terra-cotta planters and plaza areas at arbitrary, playful and whimsical angles. Part concrete pathway, part plaza, this non-motorized route through a slice of the Motor City is dotted with 24 park benches and bike racks, and is filled with 36 planter beds, brimming with the blossoms of more than a thousand perennials. “Good things are happening in Detroit, and this is one of them,” declared Detroit Mayor Dave Bing at the Dequindre Trail Extension’s ribbon-cutting ceremony in early June 2010. In an earlier press release, Bing touted the Trail as “a great example of

UNITY – BUILDING PARTNERSHIPS On a warm June day, Mayor Bing and the assembled crowd began walking the Trail, passing the historic Globe Building on the west and walking by a parcel on the east slated to become part of the William G. Milliken State Park and Harbor under the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment (MDNRE). The inaugural stroll continued past a privately owned piece of property near Franklin Street and two parcels awaiting development through the Economic Development Corporation (EDC) of the City of Detroit. Even before reaching Woodbridge – the northern terminus of the Dequindre Trail Extension – the economic stimulus of the Trail and the RiverWalk have already given rise to a recently renovated brick warehouse called the Detroit Elevator Building, a historic maroon-painted low-rise infusing color and activity into the East Riverfront. The crowd was filled with the people and organizations that made it all happen, including George W. Jackson, Jr., president and CEO of the Detroit Economic Growth Corporation (DEGC), the nonprofit organization that worked with the EDC in

contractors, WCI turned design into reality through the astute management of an obstacle course of underground obstructions. “It wasn’t just scrape the site and pave it over,” said Novak. “It doesn’t look like it, but the job required a great deal of earth work.” At the project’s end, Mannik & Smith and WCI earned the praise of the DEGC for the design and skilled placement of this concrete mosaic. “I think the design and the work is of a very high quality,” said Scott Veldhuis, DEGC project manager. “Placement of the colored concrete sections was done very neatly and very carefully.” Albanelli Cement Contractors, Livonia, was the concrete subcontractor on the project. As the finishing touch, students from the College for Creative Studies joined forces with children from Friends School and several Detroit Public Schools – Chrysler Elementary, Detroit Edison Public School Academy, and the Detroit Academy of Arts and Sciences – to create colorful art banners. Funded by a grant from the Community Foundation of Southeast Michigan, the words Inspire, Grow, Play, Create and Unity are emblazoned in bold colors along this exciting new Dequindre Trail Extension and

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PHOTO BY MARY E. KREMPOSKY

Mayor Dave Bing cuts one of two ceremonial ribbons at the grand opening of the Dequindre Trail Extension, as a crowd peppered with local dignitaries and Detroit children looks on. From left to right, ribbon cutters include: George W. Jackson, Jr., president and CEO of the Detroit Economic Growth Corporation; Alicia Minter, acting director of the City of Detroit Department of Recreation; and Rebecca Humphries, MDNRE director.

Dequindre Cut Greenway. Unity is an apt banner, for project funding and development called upon a lengthy list of organizations and both local and state government. Casino bonds funded a portion of the project. “When the casinos didn’t locate on the East Riverfront, monies were made available for these types of improvements,” said Veldhuis. Other funding sources for the $1 million dollar project included the EDC, the MDNRE, and the City of Detroit. At the grand opening, Rebecca Humphries, MDNRE director, praised the partnerships that made this wonderful gathering place possible. “It truly is a great example of how we can work together at the state level, the local level and with private partners to make something truly special,” said Humphries. CONCRETE FOSSILS The Dequindre Trail Extension took twoand-a-half years to plan, design, and construct, said Denise L. Colona, DEGC project manager. The first step in carving this unique pathway through the heart of Detroit’s warehouse district proved the most taxing. Installing new sewer, drainage and

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irrigation systems, plus foundations for planters, light poles and security cameras and call boxes, revealed an underground obstacle course of footings from old buildings, miscellaneous pits, and three different layers of railroad tracks on and below this former rail yard. “A variety of different solutions were utilized by the team to address each obstruction,” said Fry. “In each case, the team selected the best method based on two criteria: cost effectiveness and the ability to meet the finished needs of the project.” Said Maliszewski, “Foundations of all sorts and sizes played havoc in trying to install underground utilities and planter foundations. We had to break the old concrete slabs if we found that they were interfering with the new systems.” WCI only removed the footing to the depth necessary for installation of new infrastructure. “We didn’t even get to the bottom of many of them,” added Novak. “We went as deep as we had to go to install the drainage and other systems, which was at least five to six feet.” Mannik & Smith researched existing documentation, but “no matter what level of homework you do, what is underground has

sometimes not been recorded,” said Fry. “You plan as much as possible, but there are always surprises. It is a matter of plotting the most effective way to deal with them.” Of the seven to ten massive footings, some were pegged for removal and others could be left in place, including a massive slab almost reaching the edge of the new planter foundations. This huge footing extends for 75 to 80 feet along the length of the Trail near Franklin Street and projects almost 18 feet into the 60-foot-wide Trail, said Gable. Maliszewski speculates that “the footing might have been part of some type of system for unloading product and materials from the trains.” Brian Geer, PE, senior vice president, Mannik & Smith, explained the solution: “A survey was done to determine the location of the foundation. A series of decisions were made to remove portions of the foundation or adjust the grades to allow the old foundation to remain in place. Where the old foundation remained, a solution was needed to counter the potential effects of differential settlement around it. To accomplish this, WCI placed geo-grid fabric over the top of the footing and extended it 8 to 10 inches below the planter foundation.” A thin sand cushion was then placed on top of the geo-grid and the old footing. In a conventional scenario, the footing would have to be removed to make room for backfill and a sub-base of sufficient depth to protect the new concrete pavement from cracking and buckling. “Because the geogrid provides structural integrity, the thin sand cushion could perform the same job,” said Gable. “By using the geo-grid, we could leave the footing in place even with a reduced amount of backfill. As a bonus, some of the light pole bases are even connected to the massive footing. “The footing is right in the center of some of the pole bases, so we were able to dowel into it and utilize the footing, because it is so fortified and substantial,” said Maliszewski. THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD The site contained vestiges of this former railroad yard that once transferred goods from rail to ship in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. Three sets of feeder tracks from the main line pulled in directly east of the Globe Building, while the main line curved across the property due north of this former maritime and manufacturing hub, said Maliszewski III. The Globe’s set of feeder tracks extended three sets across and three layers deep, said Novak. “There were still existing rails on the surface of the ground that had to be “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


from ribbon farms and Detroit’s earliest removed, as well,” he added. WCI uncovered industries, including an old wooden sea wall rusty and deteriorated steel rails and ties, as and hundreds of cubic yards of buried well as hundreds of old railroad spikes, some sawdust, possibly from an old mill on the site over 100 years old. of Chene Park. “We also discovered a wood As another artifact of this “underground floor three feet in the ground during work railroad,” the sidetracks to the Globe across from Chene Park,” recalled Building ended in a turntable that once Maliszewski. The floor may have been part served as a weigh station for cargo and a of the house or barn of Chene, the son-inmeans of turning the trains back toward the law of Joseph Campau, he added. north. “The turntable had a massive iron frame that had to be removed,” said SAVVY STAGING Maliszewski. WCI launched construction in the After a series of big digs on the Dequindre beginning of August 2009. With the Trail Extension, WCI backfilled and compacted the site to create a solid sub-base for the new concrete pavement. “We also Students from the installed a great deal of stone in College for Creative the upper layers to re-stabilize the Studies, Friends School, and several Detroit ground,” said Novak. Public Schools, joined

PHOTO BY WENDY FRY, THE MANNIK & SMITH GROUP, INC.

forces to create colorful THE HISTORY DETECTIVES art banners for this Mannik & Smith’s and WCI’s urban pathway. extensive experience in working in urban post-industrial sites worked to the project’s advantage. “I think our background in Brownfields – I was the landscape architect in charge of the entire project at the Ford Rouge complex - gives us a good idea of how to handle industrial redevelopment areas,” said Fry. “Every time you put a shovel in the ground it’s a surprise. You have to be creative and be able to react and make decisions, sometimes on the fly. You also have to balance maintaining the design with providing a minefield of underground obstacles and reasonable, economical engineering installation of underground utilities and solution underground.” sewers, “we weren’t able to start the final Mannik & Smith has performed a great sidewalk paving until the end of deal of contract administration in the East September,” said Gable. The site was divided Riverfront. Currently, the firm is adminisinto a north and south block with the tering the construction of one-mile of city southern portion further subdivided into streets in the East Riverfront neighborhood, two sections. First, WCI began removing including Atwater, Riopelle, Orleans, Franklin underground obstructions at the northern and Woodbridge. Mannik & Smith is end. “When we began surface work in the currently designing and engineering the north block, we moved our demolition and rehabilitation of Michigan Avenue west of underground crews to a portion of the south Campus Martius, as well. block,” said Gable. “Progress was always WCI has constructed the new Cadillac being made, because we had deadlines to Square Park, and a string of riverfront parks meet. In a sense, we treated the site like from the Ambassador Bridge to the Belle Isle three separate jobs.” Bridge, including Mt. Elliot Park, Chene Park By October, WCI began the pouring of the (under Maliszewski’s previous partners at colored concrete pieces, working Warren Contractors), portions of Milliken sequentially in each of the three sections. State Park, and a riverside park by the “We first poured the terra cotta planter Ambassador Bridge. curbs, followed by the charcoal gray accent Part contractor and part de facto bands and then the actual bike path, said archeologist, WCI has unearthed artifacts Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

Maliszewski III. The final pour was placing the rest of the terra cotta-colored sidewalk and plaza areas. “Basically, pouring the color sequence involved four different operations,” he added. “We were careful not to allow any color contamination between the different colored sections.” Overall, WCI and its subcontracting team placed “27,300 square feet of fiberreinforced colored concrete plazas and colored concrete pathways, utilizing three separate colors and installing 2,085 linear feet of colored curb,” said Maliszewki III. Beyond the playful appeal of this concrete mosaic, the separate colors of the nonmotorized pathway help to distinguish the actual pathway from the plaza areas, added Veldhuis. Form and function blend in other ways. “The curvilinear path is a traffic-calming strategy to slow down bikers and roller bladers,” said Fry. “We also chose concrete for its durability and low maintenance as compared to specialty pavers.” A LOVELY OASIS With its colored concrete and a host of amenities, the Dequindre Trail Extension is more of a streetscape and plaza than a mere pathway. “It’s a pretty intense project in terms of the amenities,” said Veldhuis. “We basically have a million dollars worth of improvements in a 60foot-wide area.” The Trail has powder-coat finish steel benches and waste receptacles etched with abstract lines suggesting reeds, flowers and grasses. Overall, the Trail has 22 light poles, two security cameras and call boxes, and 42 traffic control bollards, plus new bike racks, said Maliszewski III. For added safety, the Trail’s street intersections are marked by rows of bollards and LED flashing stop signs. With its level of amenities, the Dequindre Trail Extension is more in character with the 3.5-mile RiverWalk than the Dequindre Cut Greenway, a 20-foot-wide asphalt bike and pedestrian trail that runs as a below-grade corridor. In addition, compatible drip irrigation efficiently waters plant beds and bright, energy-efficient LED lights illuminate both the Dequindre Trail Extension and Milliken Park. Plus, a compatible security system serves the entire network of East Riverfront pathways and parks. The project team has created another lovely oasis in the East Riverfront. Along the Trail, perennials “paint” the city with color, beginning with the purple globes of ornamental onions in the Spring, followed CAM MAGAZINE

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PHOTO BY WENDY FRY, THE MANNIK & SMITH GROUP, INC.

PHOTO BY MARY E. KREMPOSKY

Bike riding and dog walking are only two of the many activities to be enjoyed along the Dequindre Trail Extension, the pivotal connection linking several branches of Detroit’s amazing network of urban recreational pathways.

by day lilies and a native plant called Rattlesnake Master. Once mature, Gingko, Red Maple, and Kentucky Coffee trees will offer a leafy oasis for bikers, walkers, and roller bladers or people who prefer just to have a seat and soak up the sunshine. Mannik & Smith even inserted a turf area in the middle of this sliver of a plaza. “We thought it would be pleasant to have an area for people to have a picnic or watch the fireworks,” said Fry. But the design of this inviting pathway had to remain flexible, because, in a sense, Mannik & Smith had to design a sidewalk without a neighborhood. “One of the biggest challenges was to develop something that was complete without knowing what was going to rise on the perimeter,” said Fry. “We were designing to accommodate the Globe Building, but yet the documents for the Globe Building aren’t complete. The rest of the spaces are undefined.” The Trail had to be stitched into the existing fabric of streets, adjacent properties and future developments, specifically in its approach to stormwater management. Mannik & Smith’s design had to collect and control stormwater on site without any impact on future developments. The project’s new stormwater system straddled the uncertainties of the future and the past. “We had to collect our own stormwater and tie into the city’s system,” said Fry. “But the storm lines described on historic drawings weren’t necessarily in the same location in the field.” Despite

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uncertainties, WCI successfully linked sewer taps and new infrastructure to the existing utility and sewer grid. “Especially on Franklin Street, there is everything from gas, electrical and water lines to a 14-foot diameter sewer interceptor,” said Maliszewski. “But the records for the exact location of these major underground rights of ways were not always accurate.” A STROLL INTO THE FUTURE Despite all obstacles below and at grade, this experienced project team has created a wonderful public venue that gives the city a place to play and a space for economic growth. The Trail moves through and near a landscape of possibility and promise with the natural beauty of the Detroit River viewed as an asset for recreation and redevelopment. The nearby Milliken State Park will soon open the Lowlands, a new area that will be planted with “native wetland and scrub species that were so important to the Detroit Rivershed,” said Humphries, MDNRE director. The City of Detroit is linking the natural world and the built environment in an effort to transform the riverfront “from what was once an industrial zone to a human zone with residential, recreational, retail and light commercial development,” said Jackson, DEGC president. Even a casual visit to the Trail sparks an encounter with an interested entrepreneur. On an overcast day in the D, Stephen McGee, Detroit, pedals along the new Dequindre Trail Extension, bringing his visionary eye as

a photographer and filmmaker to this transitional landscape in the East Riverfront. Pointing to the Detroit Elevator Building, he describes his plan to create a gallery and a studio with an editing bay, called Shared Works. “The only reason why I would want to start my business in the Elevator Building is because of the RiverWalk and what it could be,” said McGee, a former Detroit Free Press photographer and a contributing photographer to the New York Times and Wall Street Journal. Of the Trail and Cut, itself, McGee is eager to use it to bike right into Eastern Market once a connector route is built off the Dequindre Cut Greenway. Along the Trail, many are eager to witness the redevelopment of the historic Globe Building, a complex of structures constructed from 1892 to the late 1910s. The complex housed the engine-building plant of the Dry Dock Engine Works, later absorbed by the Detroit Shipbuilding Company. The complex played a significant role in the maritime history of the Great Lakes, plus is an example of the evolution of American construction methods of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, according to the Detroit Dry Dock Engine Works Recording Project. The project is part of the National Park Service’s Historic American Engineering Record program. Fry shares her own vision of the Globe Building and the Trail. “My vision is to see the Globe Building redeveloped very successfully with condominiums, shops and offices,” said Fry. “The hope is to spur other mixed-use developments of shops, “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


restaurants and condominiums or even row houses. When bikers and walkers come out of the Dequindre Cut Greenway, we want the Trail to be a thriving place that is just fun to discover.” Mannik & Smith and the DEGC are already hard at work planning a series of linear parks in the East Riverfront, the next one in line being along Riopelle. “We have developed a series of linear parks that will be a front door to future residential development,” said Fry. Veldhuis expands on the DEGC’s overall vision for the area. “We are looking at the Jefferson Avenue corridor and trying to find ways to connect to the waterfront,” said Veldhuis. “Because we view the riverfront as a great asset, we are trying to find ways of making that connection for pedestrians, bikers and others to use the waterfront.” A series of road improvements is underway to realize the vision of a City Beautiful. “We are not just stopping with the Trail,” said Jackson, speaking at the ribbon cutting. “We are going to undertake infrastructure improvements very soon with some already underway, including Atwater. The improvements will upgrade the infrastructure of some of the surrounding streets and add to the beautification of this district.” According to a media fact sheet, improvements call for the reconstruction of Riopelle, Orleans, Woodbridge and Franklin Streets. Other improvements will provide on-street parking to access Milliken State Park and a dedicated bike lane to connect the state park’s Lowland parcel to the Dequindre Trail Extension and Dequindre Cut Greenway. After decades of planning, change is beginning to take hold in the East Riverfront. The talents of Detroit design and construction veterans, such as Mannik & Smith and WCI Contractors, Inc., are rebuilding the Riverfront, making habitable one of the first areas colonized by the French habitants in the 1700s. In capitalizing on the presence of the Detroit River, the web of economic growth organizations and government offices has found one of the missing ingredients in revitalizing Detroit. In building the Dequindre Trail Extension – the missing link in a phenomenal network of pathways – the city and the region are beginning to put into action the words emblazoned on the Trail’s banners: Unite, Inspire, Grow, Create, and Play. In fact, Minter, Detroit Recreation Department, encourages everyone “to put on their walking shoes and jump on their bikes and enjoy” these wonderful new pathways east of downtown Detroit. Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

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2010

SPECIAL

ISSUE

HONORABLE

MENTIONS

Capital Building Program

Guardian Building

Bloomfield Hills CM: George W. Auch Co. Architect: CDPA Architects, Inc.

Detroit CM/GC: Tooles/Sachse, LLC Architect: SmithGroup

Courtyards Housing Campus, U of M

Hindu Temple of Canton

16th District Court

Ann Arbor CM/GC: T.H. Marsh Construction Co. Architect: Neumann/Smith Associates

Canton CM/GC: Rand Construction Engineering, Inc. Architect: Lindhout Associates

Livonia CM/GC: The Dailey Company Architect: Neumann/Smith Associates

Dortch & Dortch Corporate Offices

Mercy Memorial Hospital Master Facilities Plan Expansion

University Preparatory Science & Math Middle School

Monroe CM/GC: Contracting Resources Architect: Hobbs + Black

Detroit CM/GC: DeMaria Building Co. Architect: GunnLevine Architects

Grand Blanc CM/GC: DCC Construction, Inc. Architect: Creekwood Architecture

2010

SPECIAL

ISSUE

SUBCONTRACTOR

School of Medicine Education Commons, Wayne State University, Detroit CM/GC: Walbridge Architect: SHW Group

LIST

Subcontractors and professional consultants listed are identified by the general contractor, architect or owner.

MADONNA UNIVERSITY – FRANCISCAN CENTER FOR SCIENCE AND MEDIA Owner – Madonna University, Livonia Construction Manager – Clark Construction Co., Lansing Architect and Engineer – SmithGroup Incorporated, Detroit Owner’s Representative – Charles R. Basel, Focus Facility Consulting Services, Inc., West Bloomfield Access Flooring – Data Supplies Company, Plymouth Carpentry, Casework, Fumehoods Metal Studs, Drywall, EIFS and General Trades – Nelson Mill Company, Southfield Controlled Environmental Room – Detroit Technical Equipment Co., Troy Concrete (Site and Building Flatwork) – Contek, Inc., Ann Arbor Electrical – LaBelle Electric, Macomb Township Elevators – Schindler Elevator Corp., Livonia

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Fire Protection – Interstate Fire Protection, Milford Floor Covering and Wall Tile – Artistic Installation, Inc., Warren Foundations – E.L.S. Construction, Inc., Orion Township Glass, Glazing and Aluminum – Harmon, Inc., Livonia Landscaping – KLM Landscape, Romeo Masonry – Baro Contracting, Clinton Township Mechanical (HVAC and Plumbing) – John E. Green Company, Highland Park Metal Wall Panels – Universal Wall Systems, Grand Rapids Painting – Niles Construction Services, Flint Painting, Striping and Exterior Signage – Nagle Paving Company, Novi Roofing – J.D. Candler Roofing, Livonia Sitework and Underground Utilities – W.P.M., Inc., Grand Blanc Soils Testing – Soil and Material Engineers, Inc., (SME), Plymouth Structural Steel – Kirby Steel, Inc., Burton Waterproofing & Joint Sealants – Western Waterproofing Co., Livonia

ALFRED TAUBMAN CENTER FOR DESIGN EDUCATION Owner – Argonaut Campus Developer, LLC, Detroit General Contractor – Walbridge, Detroit Architect/Engineer – Albert Kahn Associates, Inc., Detroit Owner–Selected Interior Design Consultant: Luce Et Studio, San Diego, CA Subcontractors Mechanical Demolition – Western Mechanical, Clinton Township Existing Building HVAC Disconnect – Heights Mechanical, Auburn Hills Glycol Recovery – Inland Waters, Detroit

Jobsite Security – Prudential Protective Services, LLC, Southfield Demolition – Adamo Demolition Company, Detroit Site Work – Angelo Iafrate Construction Company, Warren Landscaping – WH Canon Company, Romulus Tank Removal – Oscar W. Larson Company, Clarkston Concrete – Amalio Corp., Sterling Heights Interior Building Restoration – RAM Construction Services, Livonia Floor Polishing – Hoover Wells, Toledo, OH Masonry – Dixon, Inc., Detroit Exterior Building Restoration – Chezcore, Inc., Detroit Steel (Core and Shell) – Casadei Steel, Inc., Sterling Heights Steel (Gym Structural Steel) – Service Iron Works, Inc., South Lyon “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


2010

SPECIAL

ISSUE

Finish Carpentry – Kulbacki, Inc., Clinton Township Roofing – Christen Detroit, Detroit Metal Siding – C.L. Rieckhoff, Inc., Taylor Supply Doors and Hardware – Century Architectural Hardware, Inc., Wixom Overhead Doors – KVM Door System, Clinton Township Window Replacement – Modern Mirror & Glass Company, Inkster Interior Glass & Glazing – Peterson Glass Company, Ferndale Drywall & Rough Carpentry – Brinker Team Construction Co., Detroit Painting – Madias Brothers, Inc., Detroit Flooring – Turner Brooks, Inc., Madison Heights Hard Tile – Artisan Tile, Inc., Brighton Operable Partitions – Gardiner C. Vose, Inc., Bloomfield Hills Toilet Partitions – Rayhaven Group, Southfield Marker Boards – Architectural Building Components, Inc., Oak Park Window Coverings – The Sheer Shop, Shelby Township Food Service Equipment – Great Lakes Hotel Supply Co., Detroit Gym Equipment – Dew–El Corporation, Holland Exterior Signage – Spectrum Neon Co., Detroit Fume Hoods – Farnell Equipment Co., Troy Fire Suppression and Protection – Simplex Grinnell, Farmington Hills Elevators – Otis Elevator, Farmington Hills; Detroit Elevator Company, Ferndale Plumbing/HVAC/Integrated Automation – Limbach Company, Pontiac Electrical (Core & Shell and Tenant Work) – Motor City Electric, Detroit Electrical (Auditorium Buildout) – Edgewood Electric, Inc., Madison Heights Data/Voice Wiring – Wiltec Technologies, Ann Arbor

GREEKTOWN CASINO–HOTEL Owner – Greektown Casino, LLC, Detroit Construction Manager – Jenkins/Skanska Venture, Detroit Architect – Master Architect Hnedak Bobo Group, Memphis, TN Local Architect – Rich and Associates, Southfield Hotel Architect of Record – Rossetti Architects, Southfield Associate Local Architect – SDG Design, Detroit Civil Engineer – ABE Associates, Inc. Detroit Electrical Engineer (Casino) – RHR, Las Vegas, NV Mechanical and Plumbing Engineer (Casino) – FEA, Las Vegas, NV MEP Engineer (Hotel) – BEI Associates, Detroit, MI Structural Engineer – Desai/Nasr Consulting Engineers, Inc., West Bloomfield Acoustics, Noise and Vibration Consultant – Kolano & Saha Engineers, Inc., Waterford ADA Consultant – Independence First, Milwaukee, WI Asphalt Paving – Nagle Paving, Novi AV/Media Engineering – Wrightson, Johnson, Haddon & Williams, San Antonio, TX Barricades – State Barricades, Inc., Warren Bathroom Finishes – Impex Development, Seattle, WA Beverage Storage Gates – Rayhaven Group, Southfield Caissons and Drilled Piers – Rohrscheib Sons Caissons, Inc., New Hudson Canopy Fabrication – J.C. Goss Company, Detroit Carpentry – Master Craft Carpet Service, Inc., Redford Carpentry, Drywall and Ceilings – Turner–Brooks, Inc., Madison Heights Carpeting – Ulster Carpets, Tappan, NY Ceramic Tile (Casino) – Michigan Tile & Marble, Detroit Ceramic Tile and Stone (Hotel) – Architectural Southwest Stone Co., Livonia Concrete Flatwork – Amalio Corporation, Sterling Heights Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

SUBCONTRACTOR

LIST

Concrete Inserts – Unistrut Detroit Services Company, Wayne Curtain Wall, Glass and Glazing and Interior Glass – Universal/American Glass and Metals, LLC, Plymouth Decorative Light Fixtures – Steven Frank Studios, Clinton Township Demolition (Casino) – Jenkins Construction, Inc., Detroit Demolition (Parking) – Bierlein, Midland Demolition and Restoration – Chezcore, Inc., Detroit Design Services – SDG Architects and Planners, Detroit Doors, Frames and Hardware – LaForce, Inc., Troy Earthwork and Site Utilities – Blaze Contracting, Inc., Detroit EIFS and Cold Formed Metal Framing – Pontiac Ceiling & Partition, LLC, Pontiac Electrical (Casino) – Bayview Electric Company, LLC, Detroit Electrical (Casino, Hotel, St. Mary’s and Parking) – LaBelle Electrical, Macomb Electrical (Casino and Hotel) – Motor City Electric Co., Detroit Electrical Consultant – Lombard Associates, Inc., Grosse Ile Elevators and Escalators – Otis Elevator, Farmington Hills Engineering and Architectural Surveying – Metco, Warren Equipment Rental – United Rentals, Taylor Exterior Signage – Harmon Sign, Inc. d/b/a Planet Neon, Novi Fence and Barricade Maintenance – Reliable Fence, Clinton Township Field Toilets – Jay’s Portable Toilets, Lapeer Fire Protection – Lawrence–Green Fire Protection, Inc., Detroit Fire Suppression Sprinklers – Simplex–Grinnell, LP, Farmington Hills Fireplace – American Fireplace & Barbeque Dist., Ferndale Folding Fire Doors – Won–Door Corporation, Salt Lake City, UT Food Service Design – FSA Design, Los Angeles, CA Food Service Equipment – Great Lakes Hotel Supply Co., Detroit Foundation – E.L.S. Construction, Inc., Orion Township Foundation and Grade Beams – J.J. Barney Construction, Inc., Rochester Hills Garage Landscaping – B & L Landscaping, Inc., Oak Park Geotechnical Survey – Soil and Material Engineers, Inc., (SME), Plymouth Graphic Design – Lorenc Yoo Design, Roswell, GA Hardware – Ingersoll Rand, Franklin, TN Hollow Metal Doors, Frames and Hardware – Century Architectural Hardware, Inc., Wixom Hotel Connector Finishes – J.O.A. Construction Co., Inc., Detroit Interior Garage Signage – Toledo Sign Company, Toledo, OH Landscape Architect – Merz & Associates, Detroit Lighting Design – John Levy Lighting Productions, Los Angeles, CA Linen Chute – Kasl Enterprises, Inc., Belleville Loading Dock Equipment – American Material Handling, Inc., Pontiac Low Voltage Wiring – Wiltec Technologies, Ann Arbor Man and Material Hoists – Elevator Technology, Inc., Detroit Masonry (Casino) – Brazen & Greer, Inc., Livonia Masonry (Hotel and Parking) – Leidal & Hart Mason Contractor, Inc., Livonia Mechanical (Casino and St. Mary’s) – Limbach Company, LLC, Pontiac Mechanical (Hotel and Casino) – John E. Green Company, Highland Park Mechanical (Parking) – Goyette Mechanical Co., Flint Message Boards – Michigan Barricading Equipment, Inc., Farmington Meeting Room Interiors – Rhonda A. Roman Interiors, Detroit, and Urbanwerks, Detroit Metal Wall Panels – C.L. Rieckhoff Co., Inc., Taylor Metal Wall System Framing, Sheathing and Waterproofing – Brinker Team Construction Co., Detroit Millwork – Trend Millwork, Lincoln Park Miscellaneous Steel – Titus Welding Company, Farmington Operable Partitions – Gardiner C. Vose, Inc., Bloomfield Hills Ornamental and Miscellaneous Metals – Courturier Iron Craft, Inc., Comstock Park Overhead Doors – Detroit Door & Hardware Company, Madison Heights Overhead Roll Up Doors – Crawford Door Sales, Inc., Detroit Painting and Wall Covering (Hotel, Casino and Parking) – Eugenio Painting Company, Grosse Pointe Woods Painting and Wall Covering (Hotel) – Midwest Pro Painting, Inc., Livonia Parking Control Equipment – Traffic & Safety Control Systems, Inc., Wixom Pavement Marking and Striping – Motor City Marking Pavement, Detroit Plumbing – Guideline Mechanical, Inc., Clinton Township

Porcelain Tile – Michielutti Bros., Inc., Eastpointe Precast – National Precast, Inc., Roseville Precast Bollards and Wheel Stops – American Eagle Precast, Detroit Reprographics – Hernandez Blueprinting Services, LLC, Detroit Resilient Base and Tile, Flooring, Carpet and Padding – Precision Food Distribution, LLC, Detroit Resilient Tile and Carpet – Contract Design Group, Inc., Royal Oak Roofing (Parking) – Christen Detroit Roofing & Sheet Metal, Detroit Roofing (Hotel and Casino)– Royal Roofing Company, Inc., Orion Rough and Finish Carpentry – Denn–Co. Construction, Inc., Detroit Safety and Traffic Control Products – Carrier & Gable, Inc., Farmington Hills Scaffolding – ThyssenKrupp Safway, Inc., Detroit Scaffolding and Temporary Stairs – Scaffolding, Inc., Detroit Security Engineering – Security by Design, Detroit Security Gate – American Fence & Supply Co., Warren Selective Demolition and Lead Removal – Davis Iron Works, Walled Lake Shades – Marygrove Awning Company, Livonia Sheet Metal – Partlan–Labadie Sheet Metal Co., Oak Park Signage – MLS Signs, Inc., Chesterfield Site Fence – Future Fence Company, Warren Spray on Fireproofing – W.E. Harnish Acoustical, Inc., Redford Stone Flooring – PMP Marble & Granite, Troy Street Sweeping – Armadillo Services, Inc., Birmingham Structural Concrete and Foundations – Colasanti Specialty Services, Inc., Detroit Structural Steel – Ross Structural Steel, Inc., Detroit Telecommunications – Con–Tech Consultants, Dublin, CA Temporary Heat – Mobile Air, Inc., Madison Heights Testing – NTH Consultants, Ltd, Northville Toilet Accessories and Partitions (Hotel and Parking) – International Building Products, Inc., Livonia Toilet Accessories and Partitions (Casino) – R.E. Leggette Company, Dearborn Traffic Consulting – Midwestern Consulting, Ann Arbor Window Treatments – The Sheer Shop, Shelby Township Window Washing – DLS Services, Inc., Ypsilanti Window Washing Support Equipment – Pro–Bel, Ajax, ON, Canada

GERALD R. FORD INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TERMINAL AREA AND PARKING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM Owner – Kent County Department of Aeronautics, Grand Rapids General Contractor – The Christman Company, Grand Rapids Architect – Gresham, Smith and Partners, Nashville, TN Consultants – Testing Agency, Testing Services – Soils & Materials Engineers, Grand Rapids Testing Services – Patent Construction Systems, Taylor Surveyor – Prein & Newhoff, Grand Rapids Irrigation Design – Graber & Associates, Washington Landscape Architect – JJR, Ann Arbor Design Consultant – Robert Darvis, Ann Arbor Coordination Drawings – Century A & E, Grand Rapids Trade Contractors – CCI–Labor – Christman Constructors, Inc., Lansing Labor/Carpentry – The Christman Company, Grand Rapids Selective Demolition – X–Treme Demolition, Grand Rapids Earthwork/Site Utilities – Velting Contractors, Inc., Grand Rapids Solder Pile & Lagging – The King Company, Holland Site Concrete, Curb & Paving – Martin J. Concrete Construction

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OCTOBER 2010

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2010

SPECIAL

ISSUE

Co., Coopersville Caulking (work category 19a) –– Custom Caulking, Inc. & Waterproofing, Marne Bituminous Paving – Michigan Paving & Materials Company, Grand Rapids Pavement Striping – PK Striping, Kalamazoo Striping – Parking Lot Maintenance, Caledonia Fencing – DeWitt Fence Company, Lansing Landscape – Preferred Landscape, Cedar Springs Landscape Furniture – Landscapeforms, Kalamazoo Precast Concrete – Stress–Con, Shelby Township Precast Barriers – Kerkstra Pre–Cast, Jenison Structural Concrete – Christman Constructors, Inc., Lansing; Grand River Construction, Hudsonville; Bee Steel, Grand Rapids Masonry – Burggrabe Masonry, Belding Structural Steel Canopy – Steel Con, Kalamazoo Misc. Structural Steel Fab/Erect – Steel Supply & Engineering, Grand Rapids Waterproofing/Sealants – RAM Construction Services, Inc., Livonia Roofing & Sheet Metal – J & L Roofing, Grand Rapids Glass & Metal Panels – Architectural Glass & Metals, Inc., Byron Center Terra Cotta Panels – Davenport Masonry, Holt Canopy Skylights – Naturalite, Terrell, TX Caulking (work category 19) – Premier Caulking, Grand Rapids General Trades Carpentry – Proline Custom Construction, Inc. Hudsonville Doors, Frames & Hardware, Architectural Specialties, Electric Strike – S.A. Morman, Grand Rapids Overhead Doors – Bareman and Associates, Jenison Millwork – Grand Valley Wood Products, Grand Rapids Temporary Canopy Work – Versa Tube Building Systems, Collierville, TN Wood Material – West Michigan Forest Products, Byron Center Drywall – Ritsema Associates, Grandville Hard Tile – The Bouma Corporation, Grand Rapids Terrazzo – Fabris Pearce, Flint Paint – Valley Painting, Inc., Flint; Niles Industrial, Fenton Signage – Poblocki Sign Company, West Allis, WI Sign Installers, Outdoor LED Signs – City Sign Erectors, Grand Rapids Lockers – Brainard Enterprises, Rockford Parking Control Equipment – Light & Breuning, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN Prefabricated Booths – Traffic & Safety Control Systems, Inc., Wixom Bird Control – Action Pest Control, Evansville, IN Fire Protection – Brigade Fire Protection, Belmont Mechanical Systems – Rite–Way Plumbing & Heating, Inc., Grand Rapids Controls – Grand Valley Automation, Grandville Electrical Systems – Windemuller Electric, Wayland Elevators/Escalators – Schindler Elevator, Kentwood Photographic Documentation – Green Frog Photography, Grand Rapids Office Cleaning – J & D Commercial Cleaning, Allendale Site Surveying – Summit Surveying, Allendale Snow Removal – Wildwood Snowplowing, Alto Time and Material Items (Labor) – Grand River Construction, Hudsonville Road Clean–Up – SaniSweep, Grand Rapids Safety – NES/RoadSafe Traffic Systems, Wyoming Gutters – Blake Seamless Aluminum Gutters, Grand Rapids Concrete Cutting – K & H Concrete Cutting, Moline Scheduling – Administrative Controls Management, Inc., Ann Arbor Video Production – Visual Edj Productions, Grand Rapids Manpower for Temp. Curbside – The Bouma Corporation, Grand Rapids Barricades – Kerkstra Precast, Grandville; VersaTube, Collierville, TN Television Services – Plummer’s Environmental Services, Byron Center Traffic Control Equipment – Give ‘Em a Brake, Grandville Lead Abatement – National Environmental, Detroit Trench Work – DeWitt Trenching, Grandville Clean Up Services – Grand Rapids Building Services, Grand Rapids Soil Testing – A & L Great Lakes Laboratories, Fort Wayne, IN Crane Rental – Star Excavating, Holland Structure Consulting – Comprehensive Structural Services, Keego Harbor

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SUBCONTRACTOR

LIST

Concrete Forms – Form Tech Concrete Forms, Inc., Grand Rapids; Construction Specialties, Boston, MA Snowplow Service – DJ’s lawn Service, Inc., Grand Rapids Ground Frost Equipment – Dan Winter Poured Walls, Inc., West Branch Site Cleaning – United Commercial Services, Inc., Grand Rapids

Flooring – Barton Malow Flooring, Oak Park Painting – Duross Painting Co., Warren Doors & Hardware – FBH Architectural Security, Inc., Auburn Hills Mechanical – John E. Green, Highland Park Roofing – Lutz Roofing, Shelby Township Architectural Wood Casework and Countertops – McClelland Millwork, Vassar Electrical – Moote Electrical, Inc., Pontiac Lockers & Toilet Partitions – Rayhaven Equipment Co., Southfield Masonry – RC Nowak & Co., Inc., Garden City Testing – Soil & Materials Engineers, Inc., Shelby Township Tile – Southeastern Tile Co., Mt. Clemens Civil Engineering – Sujak Engineering PLC, Troy Steel – Vertex Steel, Inc., Milford Landscaping – WH Canon Co., Romulus

HEMLOCK SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION – NEW CORPORATE CENTER Owner and Construction Manager – Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation, Thomas Township Architect – Wigen Tincknell Meyer & Associates, Saginaw Architectural Trades Contractor – Granger Construction Company, Lansing Electrical Contractor – William F. Nelson Electric, Saginaw Mechanical Contractor – John M. Jacobs Plumbing & Heating, Bay City Acoustical Design – Simoni Systems, Saginaw Audio–Visual – Acoustics by Design, Grand Rapids Audio–Visual – SPL Integrated Solutions, Frankenmuth Carpets – Standard Tile, Saginaw Concrete – Pumford Construction, Saginaw Curtainwall – Lansing Glass, Lansing Displacement Diffusers – J.E. Johnson, Midland Doors and Frames – LaForce Manufacturing Co., Troy Floors – Standard Tile/Wolverine Stone Co., Saginaw Geotechnical Engineer – Soil and Materials Engineers, Inc. (SME), Plymouth Hardware Consultant – Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies, Livonia I.T. and Security Systems – SSOE Incorporated, Midland Landscape Architect – Wade–Trim, Bay City Mechanical and Electrical Engineer – Ambitech Engineering Corporation, Downers Grove, IL Mechanical and Electrical Engineer – KJWW, Chicago, IL Millwork/Casework – Three Rivers Casework, Midland Painting – Valley Painting, Flint Roofing – Brandle Roofing, Midland Siding – Stephenson Corporation, Flint Stone – Boettcher Masonry/Cold Stone Granite, Bay City Structural Engineer – MacMillian Associates, Inc., Bay City Walls – TriCity Acoustical, Saginaw Window Coverings – Creative Windows, Ann Arbor

KARMANOS–CRITTENTON CANCER CENTER Owner – Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Center & Crittenton Hospital Medical Center General Contractor – Barton Malow Company, Southfield Architect – Albert Kahn Associates, Detroit SUBCONTRACTORS Curtainwall, Aluminum Doors & Interior Glass – American Glass & Metals Corporation, Plymouth Building & Site Concrete – Barton Malow Concrete, Oak Park Partitions, Ceilings & Carpentry – Barton Malow Interiors, Oak Park

ROSA PARKS TRANSIT CENTER Owner – Detroit Department of Transportation, Detroit Construction Manager – Economic Development Corporation of the City of Detroit, Detroit General Contractor (Building) – DeMaria Building Company, Detroit Architect – Parsons Brinkerhoff, Detroit General Contractor (Canopy) – USA Shade & Fabric Structures, Inc., Costa Mesa, CA Carpeting – Tri–State Industrial Floors, Toledo, OH Coiling Doors and Grills – Detroit Door & Hardware, Chicago, IL Concrete Flatwork – Broadcast Design, Mt. Clemens Detailed Canopy Design – FTL Design Studio, New York, NY Electrical – Alpha Electric, Sterling Heights Elevators – ThyssenKrupp Elevator Corp., Cincinnati, OH Environmental Assessment (Phase I) – Madison and Madison International of Michigan, Detroit Environmental Assessment (Phase II) – Enviro Matrix, Detroit Excavation – Blaze Contracting, Inc., Detroit Exterior Wall Assembly – C.L. Rieckhoff Co., Inc., Taylor Footings, Foundations, Poured Walls – DSP Constructors, Detroit Form Suppliers – USA Form, Inc., West Chicago, IL; Patent Construction Systems, Detroit; and FormTech Concrete Forms, Inc., Wixom Furniture and Accessories – Architectural Building Components, Oak Park Geotechnical Engineers – SOMAT Engineering, Inc., Detroit Glazing – Chamberlain Glass & Metal, Detroit Gypsum Board Assembly – Turner–Brooks, Inc., Madison Heights HVAC – Great Lakes Mechanical, Dearborn Inspection and Administration Support – Community Development Solutions, Detroit Landscape Architects and Construction Drawing Support – Hamilton Anderson Associates, Inc., Detroit Louvers – Construction Specialties, Taylor Mechanical Electrical and Plumbing Engineers – Scales and Assoc., Detroit Membrane Roofing – Roofcon, Inc., Brighton Metal Doors & Frames – R.K. Hoppe Corporation, New Hudson Piles – Toledo Caisson Corporation, Ottawa Lake Plumbing – D & M Plumbing, Inc., Farmington Hills Signage – ASI Sign Systems (ASI Modulex), Troy Special Systems – Edwards Service/Carter Brother, New Hudson Structural Steel – Taft Steel, New Hudson Surveying & Layout – Kem–Tec & Associates, Eastpointe Surveyors (Construction Phase) – Metco Services, Detroit “Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


Surveyors (Design Phase) – ABE Associates, Inc., Detroit Temporary Fencing – Keystone Fence & Supply Co., Redford Temporary Site Signage – State Barricades, Inc., Warren Testing and Quality Control – ATC Associated, Inc., Novi Trees, Plants and Ground Cover – Reliable Landscaping, Inc., Canton Unit Masonry – Dixon, Incorporated, Detroit Voice & Data Systems – Telecom Technicians, Inc., Sterling Heights Waterproofing – Michigan Restoration Group, Livonia Wet/CO2 Fire Protection – Tri Star Fire Protection, Plymouth

Consulting Engineer, City of Novi – Stantec Consulting Michigan, Inc., Ann Arbor

Terra Cotta and Composite Panel Installation – Universal Wall Systems, Inc., Grand Rapids Terra Cotta Supplier – NBK Ceramic, Marblehead, MA Testing Agency – Materials Testing Consultants, Inc., Grand Rapids Toilet Partitions and Accessories – Contract Specialties, Inc., Kentwood Window Shades – Creative Windows, Ann Arbor

THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AND HUMAN SERVICES AT CENTRAL MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY

NOVI PUBLIC LIBRARY, NOVI Owner – City of Novi Architectural Team – Design Architect – Diamond and Schmitt Architects, Inc., Toronto; Architect–of–Record – BEI Associates, Inc., Detroit Contractor – The Dailey Company, Lake Orion Subcontractors Painting – Accurate Painting Company, Warren Tel/Com – Advanced Communications Cabling, Inc., Spring Arbor Fireplace – American Fireplace & Barbeque Dist., Ferndale Fire Extinguisher/Cabs – Architectural Building Components, Oak Park Hard Tile – B & B Tile & Marble Co., Inc., Fairhaven Toilet Partitions – Building Accessories Corporation, West Bloomfield Electrical – CEI Electric Co., Commerce Township Roofing – CEI Roofing, Howell Rain Screen – Conquest, Inc., Livonia Testing – CTI and Associates, Inc., Brighton OH Doors – Detroit Door & Hardware Company, Madison Heights Millwork – Doors and Drawers, Inc., Dexter Window Treatments – Drapery Service by Ernest LLC, MBE, Inkster Fire Protection – Dynamic Fire Protection, Inc., Newport Fencing – Future Fence Company, Warren Landscaping – Great Oaks Landscape, Novi Signage – Harmon Sign/Planet Neon, Novi Concrete – Ideal Contracting, Detroit Acoustic Ceilings – Innovative Ceilings and Walls, Inc., Redford Operable Partitions/Acoustic Panels – Integrated Interior, Inc., Warren Flagpoles – J.C. Goss Company, Detroit Steel – Kehrig Steel, Inc., Ira Township Doors/Frames/Hardware – LaForce, Inc., Troy Masonry – Leidal & Hart Mason Contractors, Inc., Livonia HVAC – Long Mechanical, Northville Layout – Mason L. Brown & Associates, Inc., Auburn Hills Floor Covering – Master Craft Carpet Services, Inc., Redford Asphalt Paving – Nagle Paving, Novi Book Returns – Progressive Plumbing Supply, Warren Waterproofing – RAM Construction Services, Livonia Toilet Accessories – R.E. Leggette Company, Dearborn Glass and Glazing – Rochester Hills Contract Glazing, Rochester Hills Elevators – Schindler Elevator Corp., Livonia Lockers – Shelving, Inc., Auburn Hills Glass Railing – Sun Architectural Products, LLC, Cumming, GA Earthwork/Utilities – Sunset Excavating, Livonia Plumbing – USA Plumbing & Sewer Service, Inc., Ray Township Access Control/Video/Alarm – Vidcom Solutions Curtain Wall – Whitson Insulation Company, Royal Oak Foot Grilles/Construction Specialties – William H. Scarlet & Associates, Southfield Visit us online at www.cammagazineonline.com

Owner – Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant Architect – SHW Group, Berkley General Contractor – Walsh Construction, Detroit Access Flooring – Data Supplies Co., Plymouth Architectural Handrail – HDI, Lancaster, PA Asphalt Paving – Pyramid Paving & Contracting Company, Essexville Auditorium Tables – American Seating, Grand Rapids Banner Drops – Britten Services, Traverse City Carpet and VCT – Ideal Floor Covering, Rochester Caulking and Waterproofing – Helms Caulking & Mercury Building Restorations, Inc., Jennison Ceilings and Drywall – William C. Reichenbach Co., Lansing Civil Engineering Consultant – Wilcox Civil, Farmington Hills Curtainwalls and Glazing – Lansing Glass Company, Lansing Door and Hardware Supplier – A&C Builders Hardware, Inc., West Branch Ductwork – Dee Cramer, Inc., Holly Electrical – Circuit Electric, Inc., Byron Center Elevator – KONE, Inc., Wayne Exterior and Interior Masonry, Slate Façade – Boettcher Mason Contractor, Inc., Bay City Exterior Timbers – Timber Systems, Lapeer Fencing – Riteway Fence Co., Sterling Heights Fire Protection – Total Fire Protection, Inc., Grand Rapids General Trades – Signature Sealants & Waterproofing, Berkley Hard Tile – American Southwest Stone Company, LLC, Livonia Irrigation – Marc Dutton Irrigation, Inc., Waterford Insulation – Ticon, Inc., Midland Laboratory Cabinets – Farnell Contracting, Inc., Linden Landscaping – Landmark Landscaping Services, Inc., Milford Library Storage – The Casper Corporation, Okemos Marker Boards – Claridge Products, West Bloomfield Metal Stairs – General Steel Erectors, Inc., Sterling Heights Millwork – Horizon Millwork Manufacturing, Wayne Miscellaneous Metals – Van Dam Iron Works, Inc., Grand Rapids Overhead Doors and Fire Doors – Detroit Door & Hardware Co., Madison Heights Owners Representative – Kennedy Construction, Saginaw Painting – Niles Construction Services, Inc., Flint Playground Equipment Installation – Vela Construction, Detroit Playground Equipment Supplier – DP & Hoffman Play Works, Inc., Brighton Playground Surface – NO FAULT Sport Group, LLC, Baton Rouge, LA Plumbing – Mid–State Plumbing & Heating, Inc., Mount Pleasant Projection Screens – City Animation Co., Lansing Re–Steel – Quality Re–Steel Inc., Brighton Resinous Flooring – VanGuard Concrete Coating, Grand Rapids Roofing and Green Roof – Schreiber Corporation, Detroit Sitework – Carrigan Development, Inc., Port Huron Slate Shingles – Stephenson Corporation, Flint Slate Supplier – Booms Stone Co., Redford Spray Foam Insulation – Stony Creek Services, Inc., Westland Structural Concrete and Sitework – Fessler Bowman, Inc., Concrete Construction, Flushing Structural Steel Erection – Wolverine Steel Erectors, Inc., Dexter Structural Steel and Miscellaneous Metals – Builder’s Iron, Inc., Sparta Surveying – ROWE Incorporated, Mount Pleasant

SHED 3 RENOVATION AND RESTORATION Owner – City of Detroit, Eastern Market Corporation Architect – Kraemer Design Group, PLC, Detroit Contractor – Joint Venture of the Michigan Office of Turner Construction Company, Detroit, and Keo & Associates, Inc., Detroit Subcontractors General Trades – JC Beal Construction, Inc., Ann Arbor Demolition – Blue Star, Inc., Warren Steel Canopies – The Boomer Company, Detroit Roofing and Metal Panels – CEI Group, LLC, Howell Paint – Detroit Spectrum, Warren Concrete – E.L.S., Orion Township Electrical – Electrical Technology Systems, Detroit Overhead Doors – K.V.M., Clinton Township Doors and Glazing – Modern Mirror & Glass Co., Inc., Roseville Asphalt – Nagle Paving Company, Novi Brick Restoration – RAM Construction Services of Michigan, Livonia Earthwork – Simone Contracting Corp., Sterling Heights Mechanical – Systemp Corp., Rochester Hills Landscaping – WCI Contractor, Inc., Detroit

CANTON CENTER FOR ADVANCED MEDICINE AND SURGERY Owner – Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor Architect – HKS Architects, PC, Northville Construction Manager – George W. Auch Company, Pontiac Access Flooring – Gardiner C. Vose, Inc., Bloomfield Hills Asphalt Paving – Nagle Paving Co., Novi Balancing – Barmatic Inspecting Corp., Lincoln Park Carpet and Vinyl (Phase II) – Quality Floor Covering Co., Oak Park Carpet and Vinyl (Phases IV and V) – Master Craft Carpet Service, Inc., Redford Ceramic Tile – Artisan Tile, Inc., Brighton Concrete Flatwork (Phase I) – Albanelli Cement Contractors, Livonia Concrete Flatwork (Phase III) – B&B Concrete Placement, Inc., Romulus Concrete Foundations (Phase II) – RRD Construction Co., Rochester Concrete Foundations and Flatwork (Phase II) – Gemelli Concrete, LLC, Romeo Controls – Johnson Controls, Inc., Ann Arbor

CAM MAGAZINE

OCTOBER 2010

113


2010

SPECIAL

ISSUE

Demolition – Blue Star, Inc., Warren Electrical (Phase I) – Mutual Electric Co., Brighton Electrical (Phases II and V) – Gillis Electric, Inc., Livonia Electrical (Phases III and IV) – Fitzgerald Electric, Livonia Elevator – Otis Elevator Co., Farmington Hills Exterior and Interior Glass – Madison Heights Glass Co., Inc., Ferndale Finish Carpentry and Millwork (Phases II, III and V) – Nelson Mill Co., Southfield Finish Carpentry and Millwork (Phases III and IV) – Brunt Associates, Inc., Wixom Fire Suppression – Professional Sprinkler, Inc., Wixom Frames, Doors and Hardware (Phase I) – Arch. Details, Inc., Warren Frames, Doors and Hardware (Phase II) – Gamalski Building Specialties, Auburn Hills Frames, Doors and Hardware (Phase III) – Rayhaven Equipment Co., Inc., Southfield Headwall Units – Modular Service Company, Oklahoma City, OK HVAC and Plumbing (Phases II and V) – Macomb Mechanical, Inc. Sterling Heights HVAC (Phases III and IV) – Bumler Heating, Inc., Sterling Heights Interior Glass – Modern Mirror and Glass, Roseville Landscaping – WH Canon Company, Romulus Masonry (Phase I) – Robovitsky, Inc., Southfield Masonry (Phase II) – Brend Contracting Co., Inc., Shelby Township Metal Roofing – Lutz Roofing, Inc., Shelby Township

SUBCONTRACTOR

LIST

Nurse Call – Sound Engineering – Livonia Overhead Coiling Doors – Applied Handling, Inc., Dearborn Painting (Phases I, II, III and IV) – Detroit Spectrum Painters, Inc., Warren Painting (Phase IV) – Cavalier Painting Co., Sterling Heights Partition Carpentry and Ceilings (Phases I and II) – ANM Construction Co., Inc., New Hudson Partition Carpentry and Ceilings (Phases I and IV) – Denn–Co Construction, Detroit Partition Carpentry and Ceilings (Phase III) – Great Lakes Ceiling & Carpentry, Ann Arbor Plumbing and HVAC (Phase I) – Boone & Darr, Inc., Ann Arbor Plumbing (Phase IV) – DeCal, Inc., Warren Roofing (Phase I) – Bloom Roofing Systems, Inc., Brighton Roofing (Phase II) – Port Huron Roofing and Sheet Metal, Clyde Township Sheet Metal – Allied Vetnalation, Warren Sitework – Service Construction, LLC, Southfield Steel (Phase I) – Davis Iron Works, Inc., Walled Lake Steel (Phase II) – Rohmann Iron Works, Inc., Flint Tech Cabling – Wiltec Technologies, Inc., Ann Arbor Tile and Terrazzo – Michielutti Brothers, Eastpointe Vinyl – Conventional Carpet, Inc., Sterling Heights

DEQUINDRE TRAIL EXTENSION Owner – City of Detroit Recreation Department, Economic Development Corporation of the City of Detroit Landscape Architect/Engineer/Construction Administration – The Mannik & Smith Group, Inc., Detroit, Canton General Contractor – WCI Contractors, Inc., Detroit Subcontractors Demolition, Earthwork, Site Utilities – Moss Construction, Inc., Detroit Concrete – Albanelli Cement Contractors, Inc., Livonia Pavement Marking – PK Contracting, Inc., Troy Irrigation – American Sprinkler, Livonia Electrical – Alpha Electric, Inc., Sterling Heights Landscaping – WCI Contractor, Inc., Detroit Site Amenities, Materials – Landscape Forms, Inc., Kalamazoo

Get Your Free Electronic Subscription Now only at www.cammagazineonline.com ADVERTISER

INDEX

Ace Cutting Equipment ..................................................................61 Allied Ventilation ................................................................................99 Aluminum Supply Company/Marshall Sales............................10 Amalio Corporation ..........................................................................39 Aoun & Company, P.C. ......................................................................67 ArchItectural Building Components ..........................................27 Artisan Tile, Inc. ................................................................................103 Blue Star, Inc. ........................................................................................93 Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers Union, Local #1 ............43 CAM Administrative Services ..........................................................3 CAM - Affinity ....................................................................................57 CAM ECPN ..........................................................................................IBC CAM Marketplace ..............................................................................81 CAM Tradeshow ................................................................................31 CAM Workers’ Comp. ........................................................................67 C.A.S.S. Sheet Metal ..........................................................................47 CEI ..........................................................................................................93 C.F.C.U.....................................................................................................11 Century Architectural Hardware, Inc...........................................27 Clark Construction Company ........................................................19 Connelly Crane Rental Corp. ..........................................................37 Curran Crane, J J..................................................................................77 D & R Earthmoving ............................................................................49 Dailey Company, The ........................................................................77 Detroit Carpentry JATC ....................................................................15 Detroit Spectrum Painters............................................................101 Detroit Terrazzo Contractors Association..................................45

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DiHydro Services ................................................................................55 Doeren Mayhew ................................................................................49 Dunn Blue Reprographics ..............................................................56 Energy Shield, Inc. ..............................................................................27 Facca Richter & Pregler, P.C. ............................................................17 Fishbeck, Thompson, Carr & Huber, Inc. ....................................49 G2 Consulting Group ........................................................................66 George W. Auch Company ..............................................................23 Glazing Contractors Association ....................................................4 Granger Construction Co. ..............................................................55 Hartland Insurance Group, Inc. ........................................................9 Hilti ..........................................................................................................45 Hoover Wells, Inc.................................................................................29 IBEW Local 252..................................................................................101 Ideal Floor Covering ..........................................................................87 Jeffers......................................................................................................61 KVM Door Systems, Inc.....................................................................94 Kem-Tec ................................................................................................73 Klochko Equipment Rental Company ........................................73 Kotz, Sangster, Wysocki and Berg, P.C. ........................................63 Kulbacki, Inc. ........................................................................................23 Lawrence Technological University ............................................28 MasonPro, Inc.......................................................................................91 McCoig Materials................................................................................19 Michigan Concrete Association..................................................102 Motor City Electric ............................................................................38 Navigant Consulting ........................................................................87

Next Generation Services Group ..............................................109 Nicholson Construction Company ............................................103 North American Dismantling Corp. ............................................66 Nowak & Co. Masonry ......................................................................65 Oakland Companies..........................................................................39 Oakland Metal Sales, Inc. ................................................................48 Operating Engineers Local 324- JATF............................................7 PMP Marble & Granite ......................................................................35 Partlan Labadie Sheet Metal Company......................................35 Plante & Moran, PLLC ........................................................................30 Plumbing Professors ........................................................................67 Plunkett Cooney ................................................................................95 R.S. Dale ................................................................................................IFC Rick's Portables Sanitation, LLC ....................................................73 SANI-VAC Services, Inc. ....................................................................65 SMRCA....................................................................................................67 Service Iron Works..............................................................................28 Stony Creek Services, Inc. ................................................................87 Sullivan, Ward, Asher & Patton, P.C. ..............................................37 TEMP-AIR ..............................................................................................45 Trend Group ........................................................................................BC Unified Technologies ........................................................................49 Valenti Trobec Chandler, Inc. ............................................................5 Wade Trim ............................................................................................53 Wigen, Tincknell Meyer & Assoc. ..................................................55 Woods Construction, Inc. ................................................................17 Zervos Group ......................................................................................56

“Voice Of The Construction Industry”®


The Trend Towards LEED Rapidly Becoming The Leading Standard For Measuring A Building’s Environmental Performance Has Arrived In Michigan. Wood Is A Carbon-Negative & By Using More Custom Architectural Wood Products Your Project Can Acquire Wood Credits To Be Used Towards LEED Certification.

GREEN Cork Counter

S.T. Dana Building Renovation – University of Michigan School of Natural Resources & Environment (2003) 1st LEED-Certified Project at the University of Michigan 1st LEED-Certified Project in Ann Arbor 4th Gold LEED-Certified & 10th LEED-Certified Project in Michigan 1 of 2 Gold LEED-Rated Major Renovation Projects at a University in the U.S.

GREEN Flooring

Environmentally Responsible Construction Spells Cost Savings In The Long Run. Benign Materials, Salvaged Materials, Recycled Materials, Certified Wood. When Your Project Demands Green, Think Orange. Trend Group - Nurturing The Relationship Between Affluence & Environmental Conscience.

Recent Trend Group USGBC LEED Gold Certified Projects Include: Haworth Headquarters, Holland, MI (2009) Rayconnect Inc., Rochester Hills, MI (2010)


October / Special Issue CAM Magazine 2010  

CAM Magazine October / Special Issue featuring the 12 most outstanding construction projects of 2010: Madonna University Franciscan Center f...

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