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ARCHLine.XP速 2008 Windows

International Tutorial A seven-lesson course for the basic usage of ARCHLine.XP速


Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of CadLine. The software, which includes the information contained in any databases, described in this document is furnished under a license agreement or nondisclosure agreement. The software may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the agreement. It is against the law to copy the software by any medium except as specifically allowed in the license or nondisclosure agreement. The licensee (purchaser) may make one copy of the software for the purpose of creating a backup copy. No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, or translated into any language in any form or by any means, without the express written permission of CadLine. 2008 CadLine. All rights reserved. In no event shall CadLine be liable for special, indirect or consequential damages in connection with or arising from the use of this document or any programs contained herein. Microsoft, MS, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks and Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. ARCHLine.XP速 is a registered trademark of CadLine Ltd. This manual was produced using Microsoft Word and ARCHLine.XP速 .

ARCHline.XP速 2008


Content

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CONTENTS CONTENTS............................................................................................................... I INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................... 2 LESSON 1 – SETTING PREFERENCES ................................................................ 4 LESSON 2 – CREATING WALLS ........................................................................... 8 LESSON 3 – PLACING DOORS AND WINDOWS................................................ 16 LESSON 4 – SLABS AND FOUNDATION ............................................................ 27 LESSON 5 – OUTER OBJECTS ........................................................................... 45 LESSON 6 – OTHER OBJECTS AND SETTINGS................................................ 67 LESSON 7 – DIMENSION AND PRESENTATION................................................ 82

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Introduction

INTRODUCTION This Tutorial is going to show how to use the most common tools of ® ARCHLine.XP by designing a new, simple building. This booklet shows only the fastest and most simple steps, so we recommend You to try other possibilities beyond the instructions, it will probably help your further works by becoming more acquainted with the ARCHLine.XP®. You can find detailed description of each function in the User Manual or press the F1 button to read the Help file. If you have any question, do not hesitate to contact your ARCHLine.XP® partner. With this tutorial the result of each lesson is saved. So if you would like to skip lessons, just load the last skipped lesson’s project, and you can continue the tutorial with the next lesson. ® Before start working with ARCHLine.XP , follow the next steps:

• • •

Check your software and computer. Install ARCHLine.XP® Now you can start working.

Technical requirements ARCHLine.XP® runs on computers meeting the following requirements: Microsoft Windows XP SP2 (Home or Professional Edition) or Windows Vista Intel Pentium 4 or AMD Athlon XP or better microprocessor 500 MB free hard disk 1024 MB RAM OpenGL compatible 3D video card SVGA graphical view least 1024x768 Mouse (with scroll wheel)

Installing ARCHLine.XP® See description of installation in the Manual.

Starting the program The program can be started from the Start menu after it has been installed.

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Introduction

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Trial version - Demo version Trial version You can use the ARCHLine.XP® 2008 Trial version for 30 days without any ® limit. On the printed drawings the „ARCHLine.XP Trial Version” watermark text will appear. You can save. You can print. The resolution of rendering is limited Import / Export possibility If the trial term expired the program changes to DEMO version:

Demo version You can’t save Printing is not possible, The resolution of rendering is limited, There is no possibility of export, but the import of AutoCAD® DXF and DWG is possible.

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LESSON 1

LESSON 1 – SETTING PREFERENCES We are going to draw the plan of the following building:

This tutorial is made by virtue of the plan of Ferenc Lieb Roland.

Starting the program •

Start ARCHLine.XP® program from Start menu:

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Setting preferences

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In the dialog window choose the Project option and click on the Create new project button. Define the name of the new project: „Project1”.

Choose Project Properties command from the File menu.

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The drawings of the project are listed here. The bulb after the name of the drawing signs the visibility, which means that a window belongs to the drawing. Click on the sign of a sheet by the name of the drawing, if you want to delete the drawing from the project and from the drive as well. ® In ARCHLine.XP you can handle projects, drawings, pictures.

The project is an ideal tool to handle together several coherent drawings. For example the 2D ground plan, the frontal view, sections, perspectives, etc. of a drawing can be managed together. In this case all drawings (plan, views, sections) are in one .PRO file. All information, even the textures, preferences, hatch templates, line types belong to the project file. The floor plan, the different views and the layout are in dynamic connection with each other in the project. If you modify any of them, the others follow the changes automatically. The management of the projects are simple, you can easily transport from one computer to the other, because you have to copy only one file, or maybe write to a CD.

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LESSON 1 By processing of the following model building we use mainly the original settings of the program. We detail the differ cases. An interactive help runs in the program. By pressing the F1 button the referring text appears on the monitor during the transaction execution.

Using the toolbox You can use the toolbox by short and long clicks. It is important to learn the functions as soon as possible. The following list gives you a summary.

•

Short click with left mouse button on the icon. It executes the command belonging to the icon.

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Setting preferences • • • • •

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Long click with left mouse button on the icon. The sub-icon menu appears, from which you can choose the proper command. Short click with right mouse button on the icon. The global Properties window appears, where you can determine the beginning properties of the selected element. What you draw after this has the set properties. CTRL + Click with left mouse button on the icon. The command selects all elements on the drawing from this tool category. For example: You can modify the properties of selected elements at once. Click with left mouse button on the sub-icon menu. Executes the command belonging to the sub-icon. Click with right mouse button on the sub-icon menu. The Edit keyboard shortcuts and toolbars dialog window Appears. You can order a shortcut to any command.

Try these functions until you get used to them.

General preferences Open File menu / Preferences / General dialog window to set some of the general preferences.

You can set and customize the unit of your plan, different options to make your work easier, screen appearance, and some general settings. Now we will use default settings, but please take a look at the different preferences on the left side.

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LESSON 2

LESSON 2 – CREATING WALLS We can draw the walls easily by choosing the proper wall from the set and using the different wall creator icons.

!

Always read the text of the prompt line when you are following the commands.

Construction grid When you design rectangular buildings it is useful to draw the walls on a grid. So first of all define a custom grid for the walls: Choose Modeling / Construction grid / Properties from the menu bar. The grid property window appears. First select a new layer: Line01. We use the grid to draw the walls, but later you can switch off this separate layer. Select Dotted-dashed line type for the grid. Check Parallel Dist. Click on Shift horizontal. You can insert and delete new lines of the grid, and put each other in different distances. With the Copy all button you can duplicate the existing pattern. For the horizontal shift you will need six distances, the vertical shift will have five. Please set the following values in the dialog: Horizontal pattern: Number 1 2 3 4 5 6

Pattern 3.5 m 1.8 m 3.8 m 3.8 m 4m 3m

Click on OK. Click on Shift vertical. Vertical pattern: Number 1 2 3 4 5

Pattern 1.2 m 2.5 m 1m 3m 2.5 m

Click on OK. Check Show dimension line option, then click on Place button.

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We have to use global coordinates for the accurate planning. Take a look at the status bar. The

means the drawing is in global coordinate system.

If button is displayed then relative coordinate system is active. Click once with left mouse button on it to change it to global. In the global coordinate system type 0,0 for the base point of the grid, and press Enter.

You may not see the whole grid. Scroll the wheel of the mouse to zoom in and out. Click with the scroll wheel, and move the mouse to pan the zoom all button, or click double drawing. Click with left mouse button on with the scroll wheel to zoom to actual fit. You can also use zoom and pan when a command is running, and you have to specify a point graphical.

!

Save your project by clicking on

Save icon.

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LESSON 2

Outer walls With this grid you can draw the outer walls of the building quickly by clicking on the points. Before this click with right mouse button on wall tool to open the wall properties dialog. In the dialog set the wall height to 2.7 m, the base height to 0 m, and the width to 0.3 m, and the reference line should be in the

middle.

You can save these properties of the wall: click on the set button in the bottom of the dialog which shows the current set’s name (e.g: 1 layered 38 wide wall). Now a new window appeared what lists the existing sets of walls. Click on New button, and type the name of your outer wall: wall30, and press Enter. With this movement you have saved all the properties of the wall (including line type, material, priorty…etc). Later you can load the set by selecting the set and clicking on activate button. Then click OK in the Properties window. Click long with left mouse button on Wall, then click short on Wall command from the toolbox, and you are ready to draw. Use the scroll wheel of the mouse for zooming and panning to place the points of the wall exactly in the grid points.

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Creating walls

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It is important to use object snap for an accurate drawing. Verify if the button is checked on the bottom side of the screen. If you see button state, then the object snap is turned off. Click on it to turn on for the drawing. Click with left mouse button on points: E3 - A3 - A5 - E5 - E3, then click with right mouse button. The Wall / Wall command starts with a left mouse click, and you can add a new endpoint of the wall-chain with the left mouse button. The right mouse button finishes the actual wall, but the command is still running, you can place a new starting point. After you have placed the first wall a new window is opened: You can follow your 2D work in a 3D window. You can also work in 3D, and the changes will appear in the 2D window. Click with left mouse button on the window or press Ctrl + TAB to activate it. Press Arrow buttons to orbit the 3d model. Then click once on the plan view to activate it, and to continue the walls. So you drew 4 walls, but the command is still running, which means these four walls are finished, but you can choose a new starting point for the next wall. Click with left mouse button on points: E4 - F4 - F1 - D1 - D3 Then click with right mouse button. Finally draw three more walls on: B5 - B7 - E7 - E5. Then click with right mouse button to finish the actual wall and to end the command. These are the outer walls of your building.

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LESSON 2

Inner walls Now create a new set of wall. Open Properties dialog with a right click on the wall button. The Wall 30 set is active, so change the width to 0.15 m and the reference line to the right. Save the new set with the name Wall 15. Draw a wall on the points D2 - F2 then E2 – E3, then C5 - C7. Till now we have used the grid only, but there are several solutions to draw walls or design the outline of a building. Now we will start the wall in a specific distance from the grid. Click Distance from endpoint button. Type 1.15 m and press Enter. Click on right side on the wider wall near C5 point like the picture shows below.

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Now the starting point has been placed 115 cm far from C5. Pull right the mouse to the 6. line. The wall must be horizontal, so find the point, the cursor marker will help you.

perpendicular

Click on it, then move the cursor up to E6, click with left then right mouse button. Don’t forget that you can pan and zoom the drawing by clicking with the scroll wheel. We have one more wall to draw, click on Distance from endpoint again, the value is still 1.15 m, click OK. Click with left mouse button near B7 point like the picture shows below.

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LESSON 2 Pull the mouse up, and find the perpendicular point on line C. Click with left mouse button once then with right button two times.

We have finished the walls, but there is an incorrect wall intersection in C6. Click on one of the two walls near C6 point with right mouse button and choose X connection from the shortcut menu to fix this wall connection. Then click with right mouse button to end the command. In your later works you can change the wall connections to L, T, or X shape.

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Creating walls

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Save your project by clicking on work quite frequently.

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Save icon. Don’t forget to save your

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LESSON 3

LESSON 3 – PLACING DOORS AND WINDOWS Placing front door Click with the right mouse button on the Door icon of the Toolbox – Modeling menu. The Door dialog appears, in which the door attributes should be defined before the door is placed on the drawing. On the left side there is a door library. Choose Asymmetric doors / Glassed asym. 2. Modify the height to 2.4 m. Move the scroll bar down on the right side of the window and change the reference axis to middle. Click on redraw button: the preview shows the changes.

Save this set. The set button is on the left side of redraw button, and it always named from the actual set. This time the actual set is default. Click on it, then click on New

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Placing doors and windows

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button, and type Entrance for its name. The door set is saved, click on OK to accept the changes. It is not necessary to save sets, but we suggest it. Using sets saves time for you, because the defined properties can be loaded. Select Door / Door - From wall corner command. Click on the inner side of the 30 cm wide wall between D2 and D3. Place the cursor in the midpoint of the inner side. Click where cursor marker shows the sign. The door is in its place. Now you can change the opening direction by clicking in the corner on the side you want to open the door. You have 4 possibilities: left and right outside, and left a right inside. Try out them, then choose the direction shown below. Then click with right mouse button to finish the door. The command is still running.

There is an other front door which comes to the wall between B6 and B7. Click on the inner side of that wall. You can’t find midpoint between B6 and the thin wall connection, because midpoints are in half way of wall connections or endpoints. So you have to find the

marker on the thin wall

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LESSON 3 on the right of C6 like the picture shows. Then click with left mouse button, set the opening direction, and click with right mouse button two times. You have the front doors of this house.

Placing inner doors For the doors inside we use the simplest door. Open the Door properties dialog, and choose General doors / Default from the library. Change the width of it to 0.85 m. Scroll down on the right side and set the reference axis to middle. Leave the other parameters default. Save this door to a set called Inner door. Then click on OK.

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Placing doors and windows

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Place a door in the midpoint of the wall between E2 and E3. The following door will be in a specific distance from the wall corners. Click on the right side of the wall between E2 and D2, but be careful to click nearer to E2 than D2. The program measures the distance from the nearest endpoint on the clicked side of the wall. After clicking press TAB to change the reference point of the door. Press TAB until the reference point is on the upper side. Type 0.75 and press Enter. Change the opening direction according to the picture below.

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LESSON 3

Place some more doors. Now you have to click with left mouse button on the right side of the wall between E3-D3, press TAB once and move the cursor to the corner of the door you placed before. Set the opening direction according to the picture below, then click with left then right mouse button. Repeat this for wall E5-D5, and E6-D6.

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Place the rest of the doors to the places shown below on the picture, using methods mentioned before. Align door 1 to the midpoint. For doors 2, 3 and 4 change reference point to the upper side with TAB, and place them to the wall corners (

cursor marks help you).

If you have made a mistake, use the keyboard shortcut.

undo button or press Ctrl + z

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LESSON 3

Placing windows Placing windows is very similar to placing doors. Click on Window icon with right mouse button. Choose General windows / Default window from the library. Change its width to 0.85 m, scroll down and set the reference axis to middle. Save the parameters to a set called window1 and press OK. Window / Window from wall corner command. Select Click on the inner side of the wall between B5 and B6, and find the midpoint in the inner side. This is window 1. Repeat this for 2, 3 and 4. For mark will be on the outer side of the wall. window 5 the For window 6, click on the inner side of the wall between A4 and A5. Move the cursor to the midpoint of window 5, then click.

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Pan the screen to the left side of the building. Click on the inner side of the mark at the wall between F2-F3. Press TAB once. Zoom in and find the side of door a, then click. Zoom out and do the same with window 8: align it to door b. Then click on the inner side of the wall between D1-D2 then find the on the inner side of the wall. Do the same with window 10.

mark

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LESSON 3

When you are searching for points with the cursor on the screen, you can zoom in and out to find the correct one. It can occur very often that several special points (midpoints, endpoints, grid points‌ etc.) are in a small area. In that case you can find the right one only if you zoom in until you can move the cursor on the points distinctly. If you make a mistake, you can use undo button or Ctrl + Z shortcut.

Corner window In the A3 corner we will place a corner window. Choose

Curtain wall /

Edit corner window. Click on the inner side of the corner. Place the layout away from the building plan. Choose yes to keep the layout. On the left side Profile definitions appears in the toolbox.

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Placing doors and windows

• • • • • • •

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Click on polygon command. Click on point 1 to start the polygon. Move the mouse right and type 3 and press Enter. Move up and type 2.4 and press Enter. Move left and type 7 and press Enter. Move down and type 2.4 and press Enter. Move back to point 1 and click with left mouse button.

The picture shows the path. Make sure that you have drawn exact horizontal and vertical lines. If you have made a mistake, you can click on

undo.

In the Glass structure settings dialog you can set the parameters of the sides of the corner window. Change default settings with the following values for the first side: • • • • • • • •

Frame width around: 0.075 Divider Thickness: 0.075 Divider Width:0.075 No. of glasses horizontal: 3 No. of glasses vertical: 1 (scroll down) Divider material: Beech Frame material: Beech Save these values in a new set called Side1. Click on OK. This was the first side of the corner The second side has the same properties, but change the No. of glasses horizontal to 4. Save it in a new set called Side2. Click on OK. Then click with right mouse button. The corner window is finished. Select the layout and delete it with DEL button. Click with right mouse button to end the command.

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LESSON 3

Save your project and click on the axonometric window. You can rotate the 3D model with the arrow buttons, or press Shift, press the scroll wheel down, and move the mouse to orbit. Now the doors and windows are finished on the ground floor.

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Slabs and foundation

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LESSON 4 – SLABS AND FOUNDATION Creating new floors Click on the 2D window to continue the work on the plan. For this house we will draw a garage, and the foundation. • • • • • •

Floor button to enter the Edit floor Click on the levels dialog. Press Add down button once for the foundation and Add up button once for the roof level. Rename Level 1 to Roof level, and Level-1 to Foundation. Click double on Foundation level’s height and type 2.5 m and press Enter. With this change the floor heights changed on every floor, so set the floor height to 0 on the ground floor. Click on the state of the Foundation’s floor and select Active. This means that you will work on the foundation’s floor. For Ground floor select Visible state. This means that you can see the objects and elements, but you can’t modify them on that floor. It will help you to use the other floor’s outlines as a layer.

Then click on OK. The Ground floor looks grey-colored (Visible), while the drawing color on the Foundation’s floor is black (Active). Wall to get in the Properties dialog. Click Click with right mouse button on on the set button, and Activate the Wall 30 set what you have created before. Change the height to 2.20 m. The reference line is on the right. Create a new set called Basement30. Then click on OK to apply changes and close the wall properties dialog. Click on Wall / Wall command. Define the basement’s walls using the outer corners of the ground floor’s walls:

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LESSON 4 Be careful to place the points in the exact place. Use zoom and pan. In point 2 don’t click on the corner of the corner window, but search the the outer corner horizontal and the vertical wall.

marker to find

Click with left mouse button on 1-2-3-4-5-6-1 points. Click with right mouse button. Then the inner walls go by: 7-8-9. Click with right mouse button. Finally: 10-11-12. Click with right mouse button two times.

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You may get a wrong wall intersection in corner 12. To resolve this problem click on wall with right mouse button, and choose L connection from the shortcut menu. Then click on wall b. Click with right mouse button. Then click on wall c and choose T connection, and click on wall b. Click with right mouse button.

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LESSON 4

Foundation For the foundation we have to use a different wall height. Click with right mouse button on Wall icon. Change the wall height to 1.2 m, and the base height to 1 m. Save it into a new set called Foundation.

Draw along the remaining walls of the ground floor with this new set of wall. Pan your drawing to the top left side of the building. Select Wall / Wall command, then place the starting point to point 1 (the outer corner). The reference line will go along the outer side of the walls of the ground floor. Follow the path with left mouse button: 2-3-4-5 then click with right mouse button. Move the mouse cursor to point 6. this is the next starting point. Then click in point 7, and click with right mouse button. Then click with left mouse button on point 8, then on point 9. Click with right mouse button.

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Pan your drawing to the right side of the building. Follow the path: left click on 10-11-12-13, right click, then left click 14-15, right click, then left click 16-17. Finally click with right mouse button two times.

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LESSON 4

The foundation’s walls are finished. Take a look at the 3D view, orbit the model to see if the walls are correct. Click on the plan view again to activate it. Save your project by clicking on

Save icon.

Slabs There are slabs on every floor. Draw one of them under the basement. Select Slab / Slab by walls, we will draw a slab around the 2.2 m high walls. Click with left mouse button on walls a, b, c, d, e, f, then click with right mouse button.

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The slab is finished on the Foundation floor. With the Page Up and Page Down buttons you can move up and down across the floors. Activate the Ground floor: press Page Up once. Select Slab / Slab by walls and zoom out to see all the ground floor‘s walls of the building. Move the mouse cursor to the bottom right side of the drawing area, and click with left mouse button. Move the cursor to the top left side. Click with the left mouse button.

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LESSON 4

It is important that the building is all inside the rectangle of selection. This means every wall are selected on the ground floor. The direction of the selection is also important. If the rectangle is from bottom-right to top-left then the rectangle is green, and it selects everything what is inside of it, and what it touches. If the rectangle is from top-left to bottom-right then the rectangle is blue, and it selects the elements only what are inside the rectangle. If not every wall are selected then press Shift and click on the remaining walls to add them to the selection. After You selected all the walls on ground floor, then click with right mouse button. The slab on the ground floor is finished now. Now You should get a result like this:

Roof slabs The roof slabs will be a little bit different. They will have extensions, but first we draw their contour along the wall. button to enter the Edit floor levels Press dialog and Activate the Roof level, and set the Ground floor visible. Then click on OK. Pan the drawing to the right side of the building, and zoom in.

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Select the Slab / Slab by polygon command, and click with left mouse button on points: 1, 2, 3, 4, 1. Make sure that the points are on the right side of the wider walls, and the cursor marker shows the points.

Pan to the left side of the building, and draw an other roof slab. Slab / Slab by polygon command and follow the points of Select the the wall. The first point is in the outer corner of the wider wall near to the grid point E3. Zoom in, and you can place it correctly. Click when you find the

marker.

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LESSON 4

Then click in points 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 1 again. The cursor marker will show if you are near each point. If you have made a mistake, click on undo button. If you notice the mistake after you finished the slab, click on it with right mouse button and select Edit (on all layers) / Move node command, and place the node to its right place.

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LESSON 4 You may notice that the middle part of the building is separated from the other two parts. Their slabs don’t overlap the middle walls, because the middle walls will be taller, and will have an other type of roof. But now let’s make the extensions of the roof slabs first. Click with right mouse button on the left slab, on side a. Select Edit (on all layers) / Parallel shift command.

An orange line appears with the cursor, which means the side, and the distance is shown near the cross- cursor. Pull the mouse right, type 0.4, and press Enter. The side of the slab has moved right by 40 cm. Then click on side b, pull the cursor up and type 0.4 again. Press Enter. Repeat this with the c and d then e, f, and g sides. After the changes the roof slabs look like this:

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Sloped roof The middle part of the building will have a slight sloped roof plane. The Roof / Roof - Plane by command you will use can be found under reference line. Click on the red popmenu keyword of the prompt line and select Rectangle HV. The first corner of the rectangle is the point 1, and the opposite corner is point 2. The first point of the reference line is point 3, and the second is point 1. By moving from the point 3 to 1 an orange arrow appears on the reference line which shows the ascent of the roof.

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LESSON 4

When you place the reference line you can set the following parameters of the roof in the dialog:

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After pressing Enter the roof is finished. We have to make some modifications. Click with right mouse button on the roof, and select Properties… to enter the Properties window. Set off the following options: • • • • •

Show roof planes with tile thickness, Show beams 2D representation, Create eaves purlin, Create rafters, Create battens for roof tiles.

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LESSON 4

Then click on OK. We won’t draw any other roof like this in the plan, so you don’t need to save it to a set. Click on Yes, and you can see the modifications on the drawing. Of course in your later works you can save sets for roofs too. These settings make 3D movements faster, because the program saves memory capacity of your computer. It is also easier to work on the 2D plan. We suggest to set these options off while you draw your building, but you can set them on if you want the final result or rendered image to be more detailed. Now the roof looks like this in the 3D window:

You can see as the walls don’t reach the roof because of their height. So go back to the 2D window, and move down to the Ground floor with Page Down button.

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Select the four middle walls: click on a side, press Shift button and click with left mouse button on the other walls. Then release Shift. Make sure that you selected only the four walls. You can see the Property grid on the left side. Click on the value of Other parameters / height: 2.7 m. Change it to 5 m, and press Enter.

On the 3D window you can see as the walls go through the roof. Click double on the roof in the 3D window to get in the Property dialog. On the left side choose Projections and cut in the list, click on it.

Set the roof to cut all floors.

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LESSON 4

Click on

button to return to the main properties of the roof and click on

OK. Click on 3D refresh button and click on the 3D window. Now the roof and the walls have correct connection.

Save your project by clicking on

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Save icon.


Outer objects

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LESSON 5 – OUTER OBJECTS First of all we will make a terrain. For a simple, planar environment we can use slab tool. In Standard and Professional version you have the possibility to create a high detailed terrain. First of all, turn off the layer of the grid. Click on on the Bulb of the Line01 layer.

Layer settings icon. Click

Then click on OK. floors Click on the plan view, and click on button. Activate the Foundation floor, and set the Ground floor Visible. Click on OK. Click with right mouse button on the

Slab icon. In the property dialog

change the slab height to 2.05 m. Save it to a new set called terrain. Then click on OK.

!

Verify in the status bar that you work in

global coordinate system. If

relative coordinate system is active, then click on it once.

• • • • •

Select Slab / Slab by polygon command: For the first point type -10,20 coordinate, and press Enter. Then type the following values: Second point: -10,-10 press Enter, Third point: 30,-10 press Enter, Fourth point: 30,20 press Enter, Press Enter again to finish the slab. In the basement we will make a garage, so it needs a ramp and walls between the ramp and the terrain. The ramp will be a sloped slab. First draw the walls.

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LESSON 5 Open the Property window of walls. Activate the Wall 30 set. Change its values: • • •

Wall height: Base height: Reference line:

2.5 m -0.3 m right

Then save it to a new set called Support wall. Select Wall / Polygon wall to draw a new wall from the left bottom corner of the basement. It is 1.2 m long vertical. To continue this wall click on Arc keyword, then click on Tangent keyword in the prompt line. Move the mouse cursor vertical down in any distance and click with left mouse button. The tangent of the arc is vertical, so the arced and the straight wall connect continuously. Type 1,-10 and press Enter two times. Then press Esc to finish the command.

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The next wall is symmetric to this. Click on Duplicate and mirror button. Click on wall a and b to select them, then click with right mouse button. Move the mouse cursor to point 1. This first point of the mirroring axis is the midpoint of the wall, so the cursor marker shows sign. Click on it, then. move the mouse vertical down in any distance. Click with left mouse button.

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LESSON 5

With the correct commands you get a result like this:

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We will create a terrace on the south side of the building, so it needs wall support. Activate the Foundation wall set, then draw the following three walls on the Foundation floor.

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LESSON 5

The terrain is a simple rectangular slab, but the foundation and the basement need space from it. Cut the slab around the walls with a polygon. Use Slab / Create hole command. Click on the side of the terrain slab to select it. • • • •

Choose Polygon command from the Profile definitions: Click on point 1, then click on arc keyword in the prompt line. Click on point 2. An sign of the cursor shows the point between the arced and the straight wall. Click on the right side of the arced wall and the arc has been defined by three points. Then continue the polygon by clicking on points 3, 4, 5,… 21. Then draw an arc between 21 and 22 just like between 1 and 2. You can use undo button, if you made a mistake. Finally click two times with right mouse button to finish the command.

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Now the building’s basement and foundation fits to the terrain perfectly.

Sloped slab First click on Line / Line command. Draw a line between the two endpoints of the arced walls. Click with right mouse button.

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LESSON 5

Select Slab / Sloped slab with reference line command. Choose from the prompt line: Popmenu / Click on inner point of an area. Click between the two arced walls. Define the reference line of the sloped slab: for the starting point click on point 1, for the endpoint: click on point 2.

Then the Single roof / slab dialog appears. The angle of the ramp is 10 degrees, the base height is -0.3

Click on OK, and the sloped slab is finished.

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Garage door Click with right mouse button on Door icon. Choose Garage/Garage door from the library. Change its width to 4.8 m, height to 2.2 m. Then scroll down and set the reference point to the middle. Save it to a set called Garage. Then click on OK. Click on

Door /

Door - From wall corner. Click in on the inner side of

the wall and place it in the midpoint of the wall. Then click two times with right mouse button to end the command.

Put two more doors in the basement. Enter the door dialog and activate the Inner door set, then click on OK. Door / Door - From wall corner. Find the midpoint of the walls. Select Their placements are shown on the pictures:

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LESSON 5

Now the basement looks like this:

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Terrace A terrace can be created by a new slab or moving nodes or sides. Now we use the latter solution. Activate the Ground floor, and set the Foundation visible. First we have to select the slab on the ground floor. Click with right mouse button on the corner window. The shortcut menu appears.

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LESSON 5

The shortcut menu shows: Window (471) [1/6]. You may get a different line in the top of the shortcut menu. The Window word means you have selected a window. 471 means the caption of the window which is generated randomly when you have created the window. The [1/6] means that there are 6 different objects under this particular point (window, wall, group, slab‌). There can be even more in different points. You can change the selection between these elements by clicking with left mouse button on the top line. Click on it, and turn the selection until the slab will be selected.

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When the slab is selected choose Edit on all layers / Parallel shift. Pull side a to the end of the support wall. The side b.

marker will help you. Do the same with

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Then pan the drawing to the right side. Click with right mouse button on point 1 and select the slab. Choose Edit (on all layers) / Delete node from the shortcut menu. Also delete point 2 with left mouse button. Point 1 and 2 disappears. Click with right mouse button. One node left, what is captioned number 3 on the picture. Click with right mouse button in point 3. Choose Edit (on all layers) / Move node from the shortcut menu. Move this to point 4. Click with left mouse button in point 4, then click right, and the terrace slab is finished.

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Stairs There is 45 cm height difference between the terrain and the terrace, we fix it in the next steps. It is also useful, when the garage is connected to the living area, so we will place a stair inside too. Let’s start with the outer stairs. First you have to place a stair away from the building, then define the parameters of it, finally move it to the right place. Click on Stair / Stair – Predefined. Select General / Straight simple from the library, and click on OK. Place it to the blank area of the drawing away from the building. Move the cursor up, type 0.9, and press Enter. The stair dialog appears. There are lock-icons by the values, which means you can lock them while you change the other ones. The red background of the field means the value will not result an ergonomic stair, but you can change or allow it. These values are depending on each other so if you change one of them other ones can change (which are not locked). Set the following values.

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Stay in the dialog and define other parameters. Click on 3D view on the top-left side of the window. Change the base height to -0.45 m. browse icon in the row of the waist slab material. The material Click on the library appears. Here you can select default materials and create own materials too. Now choose Concrete2 for the outer stair. Click on Select button. Switch off the checkbox of Tread, Coverslip as this is an outer stair. Save the properties to a new set called Outer stair and click on OK.

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The stair is finished, now move it to the right place. Click on Multiply icon and select the stair with left mouse button. Click right to finish the selection, then click with left mouse button in point 1 then in point 2.

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LESSON 5 Two stairs will connect to the terrace. The first has been already placed. The second stair's width will be changed, then it will be moved and rotated to its place. Click double on the original stair which is away from the building. Change its width to 1.2, then click on OK. Click on Move icon, select this stair and click with right mouse button. The reference point is the top-right corner of the stair. Move it to point 1 to the left side of the terrace.

Click on the blue Rotate icon. Click with left mouse button on the stair to select it, and click with right mouse button to finish the selection. The base point is point 1, so click there with the left mouse button.

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Then the preview of the rotated stair rotates by the movement of the mouse. Move the mouse cursor vertical down, and click with left mouse button.

!

Don’t mix it up with the Duplicate and rotate icon which is green. You may noticed that Move toolbar has 4 blue coloured-icons

and

they can modify items, and 6 green coloured-icons what can create new ones.

Inner stair Now just one stair left to draw: in the basement. Activate the Foundation floor and set the Ground floor visible. Click on Stair / Stair – Predefined. Select General / Straight simple from the library again, and click on OK. The starting point is point 1, the endpoint is point 2 in the following picture.

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The stair dialog appears. Switch on the Take the floor height checkbox

• •

option. Select the Change the number of steps: n=14

Open the

• •

walking line distance to 0.5. Change the Keep the other settings unchanged.

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Lock icon and change the

stair length to 3.55


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Then click on OK. The result is shown on the picture.

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The slab is not opened above the stair, so we create a hole on it. Above the stair there must be a free height (2.1 m). Choose File / Preferences / Stair standard. You can change the free height, but this time keep the default setting and click on OK. Choose Stair / Cut slabs above the stair. Click on the stair in the basement. Using the free height value this command created a hole above the stair. If you need more freedom to design stairs in your plans, there are other possibilities to customize stairs. You can define the stair step by step using polygons, and you can also use different step heights. Save your project by clicking on

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LESSON 6 – OTHER OBJECTS AND SETTINGS Let’s add some objects to make the building’s outfit more real. You can make your finished plan more impressive with some decorating objects, using various materials, and simulating real shadows on the 3D view.

Balustrade Activate the Ground floor with Page Up button. Click on with right mouse button to set its properties.

Balustrade icon

Click on Select profile button. Choose General profiles / Rectangle simple from the profile library. Click on the value of height and change it to 0.03. The width is also 0.03. Click on redraw button to refresh the preview. Click in the middle of the profile to change its reference point (the red square shows the reference point). Click on OK. Change the default step to 1.2 m, and the offset from balustrade trajectory to 0.1. Click on Next button. Click on Select profile to change it. Choose General profiles / Rectangle simple from the profile library. Change height and width to 0.02 and 0.02. The reference point is in the middle. Then Click on OK. The Horizontal handrail position must be 0.1 just like the baluster’s offset. Change the material to Steel. The balustrade can have more handrails than one. So after you set the handrail’s parameters click on Add/remove handrail button. Insert four new handrails with Insert new button. In the Shift vertical column change the five handrail heights to 1, 0.7, 0.6, 0.5, 0.4.

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LESSON 6 The first handrail will be thicker than the others. Click on the button in the profile column in the first row. The profile is still a simple rectangle, but its height is 0.03 and weight is 0.05. The reference point is in the middle-bottom position. Click on OK. Click on OK again. Click Next, and you can see the preview of the balustrade pattern. Save your baluster into a new set called steel balustrade, then click on OK. Now define the path: choose Balustrade / Create balustrade – open path. Click on point 1 then point 2 then press enter three times (endpoint of balustrade, default height, end command).

The balustrade is finished, you can see it in the 3D window. In your later works you can customize balustrades too. You can modify (move, add, remove…etc) balusters, with balustrade command.

Balustrade /

Modify

Columns, beams Place some columns and beams for a covered porch and a pergola. Activate Line01 layer to see the grid: click on Layer settings button, and turn on the bulb, and open the lock of the Line01 layer. Click on OK. Beam / Column. Click on Select profile button in the dialog. Select Change the profile to General profiles / Rectangle simple. The profile height and the weight is 0.15 and the reference point is in the middle. Click on Redraw and Click on OK. The height is 2.55. Turn on Same materials switch and change the solid material to Beech. Save it to a new set called wooden column. Click on OK.

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Place 3 columns in A2, A6, A7 points of the grid with left mouse button. Finish the command with right mouse button.

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For the pergola you have to multiply the column in A2. Click on Multiply button. Pan on the left side, zoom in and select this column with left-click, then click with right mouse button. For the number of copies type: 2. Press Enter. Click in the A2 point, this is the base point of displacement. Then click in C2 for the second point.

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The columns are finished. Beam / Single beam. Click on Select profile. Change the height Select and width to 0.15*0.15. The reference point is in middle-bottom. Click on Redraw, and click on OK. The relative height is 2.55. Switch on the Same materials option, and set the material to Beech. Save the properties to a new set called Wooden beam, then click on OK. On the picture below the small circles and numbers help you to find the correct starting an ending points. International Tutorial


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LESSON 6

Click in point 1 for the starting point and the endpoint is 2.

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Then click in points 3 and 4 and press Enter.

The following beams will be thinner and the base height is on the top of the previous beams. Select Beam / Single beam. Click on Select profile. Change the profile width to 0.10 and the reference point is in the middle-bottom. Click on Redraw then OK. The relative height is 2.7. Save it to a new set called Wooden beam2. Click on OK. Click in point 1 and pull the mouse horizontal left. Type 2 for length, and press Enter.

Click on the Multiply button. Click on the beam, then click with right mouse button. The number of copies is 7. Press Enter. The first point of displacement is in the middle of the A column on the picture (A2 grid point on the drawing), and the second point is in the middle of the B column (C2 grid point). Now the pergola is finished.

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LESSON 6

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The porch is not covered yet. Pan the drawing to the right side. Activate the Roof level and set the Ground level to visible. You can see, that the slab’s contour is not on the beam. Click with right mouse button on side a of the roof slab. Select Edit (on all layers) / Parallel shift command from the shortcut menu. Move the cursor to point 1. Zoom in to hit exactly point 1, then click with left mouse button.

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LESSON 6

Now the entrance looks like this. Press Ctrl + TAB to switch to the 3D view.

Material settings Setting the materials of each element is a good way to represent virtual reality. ARCHLine.XP速 has a collection of materials and textures, and you can use own images too. Hidden lines with shadows button. Set Show shadows, Shaded Click on with textures and Sun Shadow options. Then click on OK.

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First we change one wall’s materials, then we copy its material to all the walls on the floor. Click on the 2D window, and activate the Foundation floor (press Page Down two times).

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LESSON 6 The walls have Inside, outside and body material. Click with right mouse button on one of the basement’s walls, and select Properties. Change the material to Building_materials / Concrete3.

Change the material of the body too. The material is the same. The button can be found under the wall sizes.

Open the set window and click on Modify button to overwrite the set. Then click on OK. This wall has new materials, so you can copy this property it to other walls. Click on the wall with right mouse button, and select copy properties line. In button to deselect all. Switch on the three the dialog click on same materials only (outside material, inside material, body material).

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Click on OK. If you would try to use selection rectangle, you may select other objects, so their material would change. So don’t use it for now, but click on

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LESSON 6

button, and choose By properties line from the list. The selection input window appears. Select the following lines of the list: • •

Criteria: Object type Operators: Wall. Then click on OK. The copy properties command has been executed, and now all the walls in the foundation floor have the new material. You can change the materials of the elements with the property grid too. Click on the 3D window. Click on the sloped roof in the middle to select it. Click on Top material’s browse button in the property grid. Select Roof / Roof_tile3 from the material library. Click on Select. With this method try different materials and find what you prefer. This is an example:

• • • • •

Terrain: Environment / Fu002 Turn on Same materials checkbox) Terrace: Building_materials / Concrete (Same materials) The two roof slabs Building_materials / Concrete (Same materials) Ramp and basement slab: Masonry / brick_closed2 (Same materials) The four middle (higher) walls: Building_materials / Boarding_01(Same materials) Etc. When you finish the material changes you may get a result in the 3d window like this. This is a perspective viewpoint.

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If you have the rendering module, you have the possibility to create higher quality and size pictures with more sophisticated details.

North direction, sun position You can sign North direction several ways. In the menu View / View properties / North direction you can set it graphical. At the same place you can find a Sun position command, which opens a dialog. Here you can define the Location, Date, Time, and also North direction. In the 3D window you can simulate the shadow of this definition with the Sun setting toolbar. You can also scroll the date and time of the day realtime. Save your project by clicking on

Save icon.

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LESSON 7

LESSON 7 – DIMENSION AND PRESENTATION You don’t need the grid any more, so click on it and delete. We have to choose a standard for the plan. Click with left mouse button on Toolbox / Dimension / Properties. Select format parameters on the left side of the dialog. In the options choose SIA 1 cm standard. Click on

back button, and click on OK.

Wall dimensions You can easily dimension all the walls with just a few clicks. Click on Dimension – Walls button. There are several possibilities for dimensioning. Select Door / window axes and wall endpoints and click on Add button. For the wall dimensioning we suggest the following order: • • • •

Commands to execute: Door / window axes and wall endpoints Door / window frames and wall endpoints Wall endpoints and connections Wall endpoints Then click on OK. Click on Select keyword in prompt line. This allows you to select the walls with a rectangle. Zoom out and select the whole building with a selection rectangle. Click with right mouse button. Place the dimensions near to the walls. They will be adjusted in rectangle shape. Move the mouse to define the distance of the rectangle. It will be about 26*16 m. Click two times with right mouse button.

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You can also dimension the walls one by one with left click (without clicking on Select keyword), it takes more time, but it may result more customized placement of dimensioning.

Dimensioning of openings Click on Dimension – Openings / Dimension – Openings, then click on All keyword in the prompt line. This will dimension all the openings of the building. If you don’t want to dimension every one of them, you can select them one by one with left mouse button. If the dimension texts are in an overlap, it is not necessary to delete, you can flip their direction by clicking on the other side of the opening, or move the dimension texts.

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LESSON 7

Inner objects Click on Object / Object command. Choose Living / Living.oli / tisch4 object from the library, and click on OK. Click on Yes. Place it in the dining room with left-click and click with right mouse button to finish the command.

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LESSON 7

On the presentation we have to sign the inner stair on the Ground floor. For this we copy the stair from the basement, and hide the 3D model of the copied stair, so it will be only on the 2D plan. level Press Page Down button. Click on button. Click on Copy objects to other floor button. Click on the stair with left mouse button, then click with right mouse button. Select the 0 level (Ground floor), and click on OK. The stair is copied on the ground floor. Click double on it with left button. In the dialog select Stair general parameters. Click on Dotted above section line, and choose No section line option.

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Then click on 3D view on the left side. Turn off the 3D Creation checkbox.

Then click on OK.

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LESSON 7

Sections, facades, 2D drawings Click on the Define section button. In the dialog switch on the Section plane created with hatch checkbox. Then click on OK. Click in point 1, above the window. It is not a special point, but the section line has to run through the windows. Press down shift and move the cursor down across the building. Click with left mouse button (point 2). Move the cursor left and click with left button again to define the direction. Then click on Yes, and the section view is finished. This

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section follows the changes of the plan, so later you don’t have to redefine the line.

After you finished all the design and modification of your plan, it is suggested to copy and paste sections and facades in a new 2D window. The copy of the 3D model becomes to a drawing what contains not architectural elements, but lines and hatches, what you can delete, crate and modify without any effects on the 3D model.

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Do this with the section view. Zoom out and select all with a selection rectangle in the section window. Press Ctrl + C shortcut to copy it to the clipboard. Click in point 1 to define the hotspot of the copy.

Select Window / New window 2D command from the menu. Type Section-2d for its name, and press Enter. Press Ctrl + V to paste the content of the clipboard. Type 0,0 and press Enter. Press Esc to end the command. Close the Section1 window. We won’t use it in the presentation. We will use the content of Section-2d window. The section1 window is not deleted, but became invisible.

The terrain Click on Section-2d window. Pan the drawing on the left side. Click on Stretch icon, and select the left end of the terrain with a selection rectangle, like the picture shows.

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Then click in point 1, and pull the mouse horizontal right. Type 7 and press Enter.

Deleting lines Pan on the bottom-right side of the section. Select one line under the ramp, and press Del button. The lines mean the segments of the arced wall in 2d. Now the delete command is running so click on the other lines under the ramp. You can zoom and pan with the scroll wheel, and use the button, if you make a mistake.

undo

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LESSON 7

Pan the drawing on the left side and select the hatch, the side and the bottom line with a selection rectangle like the picture shows. The top line stays for the ground line. Press Del button.

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Soil with hatch Click with right mouse button on Hatch icon from Drafting. The Properties window appears. Click on the Pattern icon to change it. Select Terra / Terra from the pattern library. Click on OK, and OK again. Click on

Hatch /

Imaginary polygon. Follow the path with the left mouse button: 1-2-3-4-5 In point 5 pull the mouse vertical down, type 3 and press Enter. This is point 6. Then press Shift and pull the mouse right, and click in point 1. This is point 7. Release Shift button, and click in point 1 again. Click with right mouse button three times to finish the command.

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LESSON 7

Facade Now we create a facade view with the same method, but first we have to crate a new vectorial 3d window. Click on Window / New window 3D drawing. This is named View2 window. Click on

Front view icon on the right side on the screen. Click on

Hidden lines icon. Zoom out and select all. Press Ctrl + C, and select the hotspot like before. Select Window / New window 2D command from the menu. Type the name of the window: Front facade. Press Enter. Paste the content of the clipboard in 0,0. Close View2 window. Stretch the terrain’s lines on the left and on the right side with 7 m like before you did. Delete the lines:

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When you deleted the lines, draw a hatch polygon like before.

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LESSON 7

Click on Enlarge active window button, so the windows will be arranged on the screen.

Plot layout When you work with a plotter or large size printer, and you arrange several drawings in one sheet of paper, you have to prepare it. First, You have to find a 3d viewpoint. Click on View 1 window. Use the arrow buttons to find an axonometric or perspective view. You can also use the mouse to orbit the 3d model: Press Shift, click with the scroll wheel, and move the mouse to orbit.

!

Always Save the project before you create plot layout, because the saved data will appear on the paper. Choose Plot layout / Prepare plot layout from the menu. Select an ISO A2 size paper from the forms. Change the orientation to Landscape, switch off the Plot Stamp Setting, and click on OK.

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The next window shows the drawings you will place on the paper. In the State column you can switch the drawings on and off with clicking on the state of the drawing. Only the Drawings with Load state will appear on the plot layout. Click on to turn off the load state of Section1.asc and View2. The load keyword disappears, what means the model section will not appear on the layout

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Place the 2D drawings with one click, and the 3D view with a starting point and a scale defined by the distance from the first point. You can move and scale them after you placed them on the layout. Click and use the markers. Create an arrangement like this:

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Save the project again.

Printing in PDF format • • • • • •

Click on File / Print to PDF command from the menu. Click on the File button to define the path and file name of the PDF document. Define it to C:\ARCHLine_PDF\print_01.pdf. Select Paper size: ISO A2 420*594 mm, and landscape orientation. Click on Preview button. Set the scale to 1:1 and click on Centered button, click on Update button and click on OK. Click on Print button to create the PDF file. Wait a minute, while ARCHLine creates the PDF file. Open this file and check it.

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LESSON 7

You can print layouts and any drawing of the project with a printer or in PDF files. Always set the scale, and watch preview before printing. Doubled scale factor or a wrong placement can cause mistakes. Save your project by clicking on Save icon. Now you can close ARCHLine.XP. Now you have just finished the tutorial. Well done!

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ARCHLine.XP 2008 First Steps Tutorial