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Featuring North America’s Leading Travel Destinations

Arlington National Cemetary at 150 North America’s Top Tour Destinations

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Byways Magazine ŠCopyright 2013 by Byways, Inc. All rights reserved. No portion of this publication may be duplicated in any form without express written permission of the publisher. For advertising rates, editorial deadlines, or to place advertising insertions, contact: Byways Magazine 42 Cabin Hill Lane Mount Jackson, VA 22842 Fax 540-477-3858 800-469-0062 Byways • 3


PREVIEW By Steve Kirchner, Editor & Publisher

ts hard to tell where individual trav- Restaurant category, followed closely by Golden Corral. Washington, DC Monuments came in first in the Manelers be heading in 2014, which is Made attractions category, followed by New York’s why we’ve surveyed the group travStatue of Liberty. el market to make our annual predicIn the Natural Attractions category, Niagara Falls NY tions. & ON again took first place, with the Pennsylvania Group tours tend to be arranged by Dutch Country finishing second, followed by the Grand professional tour operators and planCanyon. ners, and they have a pulse on the most popular destinaYou can find all the results in this issue of Byways. tions in North America. While its not a random survey, its always fun to gain So in this issue we offer the results of our annual sursome barometer on where we will be traveling in the new vey, which we’ve Byways has published for the past 30 year. years! Also in this issue, we celebrate the 150th anniversary You won’t be surprised by our number one destination of Arlington National Cemetery, which came into exisfor 2014, because it came in first last year, and the year tence during the Civil before, and . . .well you get the War, and the North picture. sought a sight near Somehow, being the nation’s Washington to bury capital, Washington DC seems to its dead. have an unfair advantage. With The story of school groups in half the country Arlington Cemetery is scheduling annual trips, and with fascinating, and interso many national monuments and twines famous famimemorials -- all of which are free lies and their estates to the public -- its not surprising in a game of that Washington is such a popular brinkmanship as the destination with groups. country split into Our survey did contain some North and South, and surprises, this year, however. suffered the greatest Branson, the small Ozark commucasualties of any war nity in Missouri which probably in our history. Arlington National Cemetery. has more entertainers and theaters While in Arlington, per square inch of any community we also visit two of in America, made the biggest the Washington, DC areas newer memorials, the jump in recent years, jumping seven spots, and grabbing Pentagon Memorial honoring the fallen on 9/11, and the the number two position behind Washington. beautiful and overpowering Air Force Memorial, which Branson edged out New York City, which traditionalsoars into the skis honoring all airmen who have served ly fights with Washington for the top billing. Also of note is the rise of Baltimore, which jumped 13 in the U.S. Air Force. The monument is featured on the cover of this issue. places to land in the Top 10 for the first time. In our What’s Happening section, we visit two Los In our competition for the Top Group Tour State, New York took the top spot, followed closely by Virginia and Angeles area musuems, the Hollywood Museum and the Peterson Museum. The Hollywood features four floors Tennessee. of breathtaking exhibits, is home to more than 10,000 In our competition for the Top Canadian Province or authentic show biz treasures. Territory, Ontario took the top position, followed by The Peterson features the history of the automobile in Nova Scotia and Quebec. Southern California, with a special emphasis on cars in Hampton Inn again took number 1 in the Group Tour the movies and the stars who drove them. It’s undeergoFriendly hotel competition, followed by Holiday ing a most interesting redo in 2014. Inn/Holiday Inn Express. We hope you enjoy this issue of Byways. Cracker Barrel took the prize in the Group Friendly 4 • Byways

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Volume 30, Issue No. 6, 2013 On the cover. Washington, D.C. Monuments and Museums are among the most the most popular group tour destinations in North America. Our cover features one of the newest, the Air Force Memorial in Arlington, overlooking the nation’s capital. To learn more, turn to page 30. Arlington National Cemetery at 150 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Events to Commemorate Arlington Cemetery’s 150th Anniversary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 North America’s Top 50 Group Tour Destinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The Top 50 Listing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Top States, Canadian Provinces and Group Friendly Hotels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Top Group Friendly Restaurants, Man-Made Atrractions and Natural Attractions. . . . . . . . . . . 24 The Pentagon Memorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 The U.S. Air Force Memorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30



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What’s Happening

The Hollywood Museum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 The Petersen Museum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Coming in future issues of Byways…. . .Great American Railroads, Mountains and Valleys, Rivers and Lakes, Ocean Views, and much more! At right: The Branson Scenic Railroad in Branson, MO is one of the railroads to be featured in the annual Great American Railroads issue. Byways • 7

A guard passes The Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.

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Arlington National Cemetery at 150

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The changing of the guard ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.

he grounds of Arlington National Cemetery honor those who have served the United States by providing a sense of beauty and peace for its guests. The rolling green hills are dotted with trees that are hundreds of years in age and complement the gardens found throughout the 624 acres of the cemetery. This impressive landscape serves as a tribute to the service and sacrifice of every individual laid to rest within the hallowed grounds of Arlington National Cemetery. More than three million people visit Arlington National Cemetery annually, many coming to pay final respects at graveside services, which are conducted each week, Monday through Saturday. A first stop on a trip to the cemetery is the Welcome Center, located by the cemetery entrance, where maps, exhibits, information services (to include grave locations), a bookstore, water fountains and restrooms can be found. The cemetery does not provide wheelchairs or strollers and if you require this service you will need to bring your own. 10 • Byways

History of Arlington House On a Virginia hillside rising above the Potomac River and overlooking Washington, D.C., stands Arlington House. The 19th-century mansion seems out of place amid the more than 250,000 military grave sites that stretch out around it. Yet, when construction began in 1802, the estate was not intended to be a national cemetery. Custis-Lee Mansion The mansion, which was intended as a living memorial to George Washington, was owned and constructed by the first president's adopted grandson, George Washington Parke Custis, son of John Parke Custis who himself was a child of Martha Washington by her first marriage and a ward of George Washington. Arlington won out as a name over Mount Washington, which is what George Washington Parke Custis first intended calling the 1,100-acre tract of land that he had inherited at the death of his father when he was 3. “Arlington� was

the name of the Custis family ancestral estate in the Virginia tidewater area. Custis hired George Hadfield, an English architect who came to Washington in 1785 to help construct the U.S. Capitol, to design his estate. The Greek revival structure which Hadfield designed took Custis sixteen years to complete.

George Washington Parke Custis Custis’ only child, Mary Anna Randolph Custis, married her childhood friend and distant cousin, Robert E. Lee. Lee was the son of former Virginia Governor Henry (Light Horse Harry) Lee and was himself a graduate of West Point. Between 1841 and 1857, Lee was away from Arlington House for several extended periods. In 1846 he served in the Mexican War under Gen. Winfield Scott, and in 1852 he was appointed superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, his alma mater. After his father-in-law died in 1857, Lee returned to Arlington to join his family and to serve as executor of the estate. Under the terms of her father's will, Mary Anna Custis Lee was given the right to inhabit and control the house

The Kennedy Grave and Eternal Flame.

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View from the Custis-Lee Mansion at Arlington National Cemetery looking down on the Kennedy grave site, toward Memorial Bridge and the Lincoln Monument, and the Washington, D.C. skyline. Photo by Steve Kirchner. 12 • Byways

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for the rest of her life. Custis' will also stipulated that upon Mary Anna's death, full title would pass to her eldest son, George Washington Custis Lee. Contrary to popular belief, Robert E. Lee never owned the Arlington estate. Lee did serve as custodian of the property, which had fallen into disrepair by the time he returned to execute his father-in-law's will. By 1859, Lee had returned the property and its holdings to profitability and good order. Robert E. Lee and his wife, Mary Anna, lived at Arlington House until 1861, when Virginia ratified an alliance with the Confederacy and seceded from the Union. Lee, who had been named a major general for the Virginia military forces in April 1861, feared for his wife's safety and anticipated the loss of their family inheritance. Following the ratification of secession by Virginia, federal troops crossed the Potomac and, under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell, took up positions around Arlington. The property was confiscated by the federal government when property taxes levied against Arlington estate were not paid in person by Mrs. Lee. The property was offered for public sale Jan. 11, 1864, and was purchased 14 • Byways

by a tax commissioner for "government use, for war, military, charitable and educational purposes." Arlington Becomes a Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery was established by Brig. Gen. Montgomery C. Meigs, who commanded the garrison at Arlington House, appropriated the grounds June 15, 1864, for use as a military cemetery. His intention was to render the house uninhabitable should the Lee family ever attempt to return. A stone and masonry burial vault in the rose garden, 20 feet wide and 10 feet deep, and containing the remains of 1,800 Bull Run casualties, was among the first monuments to Union dead erected under Meigs' orders. Meigs himself was later buried within 100 yards of Arlington House with his wife, father and son; the final statement to his original order. The Memorial Amphitheater

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The federal government dedicated a model community for freed slaves, Freedman's Village, near the current Memorial Amphitheater, on Dec. 4, 1863. More than 1,100 freed slaves were given land by the government, where they farmed and lived during and after the Civil War. Neither Robert E. Lee, nor his wife, as title holder, ever attempted to publicly recover control of Arlington House. They were buried at Washington University (later renamed Washington and Lee University) where Lee had served as president. The couple never returned to the home George Washington Parke Custis had built and treasured. After Gen. Lee's death in 1870, George Washington Custis Lee brought an action for ejectment in the Circuit Court of Alexandria (today Arlington) County, Va. Custis Lee, as eldest son of Gen. and Mrs. Lee, claimed that the land had been illegally confiscated and that, according to his grandfather's will, he was the legal owner. In December 1882, the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, returned the property to Custis Lee, stating that it had been confiscated without due process. On March 3, 1883, Congress purchased the property from Lee for $150,000. It became a military reservation and Freedman's Village ceased to exist; however, the gravesites that were once part of the village remained on the grounds of the reservation. Arlington House (Custis-Lee Mansion) and its grounds are administered by the National Park Service.

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Often associated with the game of Baseball, Abner Doubleday, was a Major General in the U.S. Army .

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Events to Commemorate Arlington National Cemetery’s 150th Anniversary


View from Arlington Cemetery looking down upon the Pentagon.

The highlight of the commemoration will be an obserrlington National Cemetery will host a series of vance program on the evening of June 13 that will feaspecial events from May through June 2014 ture historical vignettes and musical performances. The designed to honor the traditions, remember the event is free and open to the public. sacrifice and explore the history of the cemetery as it commemorates its 150th anniversary. The commemoration period begins with a wreath laying ceremony on May 13 at the gravesite of Army Pvt. William Christman, who was the first military burial at Arlington, and concludes with a wreath laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on June 15, the day Arlington officially became a national cemetery. The cemetery will also host informative lectures and tours that highlight the history of the United States through the eyes of its heroes buried at Arlington and the military conflicts that shaped the cemetery and the nation. 18 • Byways

“Arlington National Cemetery is America’s premier military cemetery and a sacred treasure in our nation’s history. We are pleased to host a series of events to mark this special occasion,” said Patrick K. Hallinan, executive director of Army National Military Cemeteries. May 13, 2014: Wreath Laying Ceremony at the grave of Pvt. William Christman, the first military burial at Arlington May 13, 2014: Arlington National Cemetery 150th Anniversary Book Release Reception at the Women In Military Service for America Memorial May 19, 2014: Special Guided Tour: The American Civil War May 20, 2014: Special Guided Tour: Uncle Sam’s Little Wars May 21, 2014: Special Guided Tour: World War I: Bringing our Heroes Home. May 22, 2014: Special Guided Tour: World War II: The Greatest Generation May 23, 2014: Special Guided Tour: U.S. Military and the Cold War May 30, 2014: Renaming ceremony for the Old Amphitheater, immediately following Decoration Day Observance hosted by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

June 2, 2014: Special Guided Tour: The American Civil War June 3, 2014: Special Guided Tour: World War I: Bringing our Heroes Home June 4, 2014: Special Guided Tour: Late 20th Century to the Present June 5, 2014: Special Guided Tour: Monuments and Memorials June 6, 2014: Special Guided Tour: Medal of Honor June 13, 2014: “Arlington at 150” Observance Program: A tribute to Arlington’s Past, Present and Future June 15, 2014: Wreath Laying Ceremony at the Memorial Amphitheater, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Additional information related to “Arlington at 150” events can be found at Arlington National Cemetery is committed to honoring the legacy of our fallen heroes, veterans and their families through dignified military interment services. The work that Arlington is undertaking today will further enable the cemetery to be a place for people to Honor, Remember and Explore this nation’s rich history well into the future.

Philip Kearny, Civil War General buried at Arlington National Cemetery, has a statue in his honor, one of only two equestrian statues at Arlington.

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The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.


North America’s Top 50 Group Tour Destinations


Rounding out the top 10 were Williamsburg, VA, ooking toward the new year, Byways Magazine Nashville, TN, Niagara Falls, NY & ON, Gettysburg, has again surveyed the leading tour operators in PA, and Pigeon Forge, TN. North America to determine where their groups will be traveling in 2014. This year’s responses from tour operators more than The Top 30 States doubled that from last year, a direct result of the first onew York State was the most popular group tour line survey conducted by Byways. While not a random state for the second consecutive year, followed survey, for more than 30 years the compilation of results closely by Virginia and Tennessee. from this annual survey has provided a good indication of where groups will be traveling. It’s no surprise that the Nation’s Capital Branson Landing. Branson has again taken the crown as the most pop- jumped to the number two spot ular group tour destination in North in this year’s poll. America. The surprise, however, was the strong showing of Branson, MO, the small Ozark Mountain community which remains one of the most popular group tour destinations. Branson jumped seven spots in this year’s voting, to come in at number two, and edging out last year’s second place finisher, New York City. Chicago followed closely behind New York, Another surprise was the strength of Baltimore, which jumped 13 spots to finish in the top 10 for the first time, at number 7. 20 • Byways

Rounding out the Top 10 States were Pennsylvania, Illinois, Georgia, Missouri, Massachusetts, South Carolina and North Carolina.



Top 10 Natural Attractions

his year we expanded this category to 10 natural attractions, but that didn’t change the fact that The Top 5 Canadian Niagara Falls in New York and Ontario, continues Provinces as the most popular group tour natural attractions in or the first time we surveyed the Canadian North America. Provinces and Territories for their popularity as Pennsylvania Dutch Country moved up to the second group tour destinations. spot, followed by the Grand Canyon in Arizona, the Ontario came in first place, followed by Nova Scotia, Black Hills of South Dakota, Yellowstone National Park. Quebec, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick.



t’s not easy to top Washington, D.C.’s Monuments, and when you throw in the Smithsonian, it’s virtually impossible. Not only are these among the most nce again, Hampton Inns moved into sole posiimpressive attractions in the country, they represent hontion of first place, after finishing in a tie a year or and country, and don’t forget free admission as well. ago with Holiday Inns/Holiday Inns Express, New York’s Statue of Liberty, Nashville’s Grand Ole which finished second this year. They were followed by Opry, Pigeon Forge’s Dollywood and South Dakota’s Drury Inns, Comfort Inns and Fairfield Inns. Mount Rushmore rounded out the Top 5.

The Top 10 Group Tour Friendly Hotels


15 Man-Made Attractions

The Top 5 Group Tour Friendly Restaurants

racker Barrel again took the top spot in this category, followed closely by Golden Corral and Buca de Beppo.

Baltimore’s Inner Harbour. USS Constellation, constructed in 1854, is a sloop-of-war and the second United States Navy ship to carry the name.

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The Top 50 Group Tour Destinations 1. Washington, DC 2. Branson, MO 3. New York City, NY 4. Chicago, IL 5. Williamsburg, VA 6. Nashville, TN 7. Baltimore, MD 8. Niagara Falls, NY & ON 9. Gettysburg, PA 10. Pigeon Forge, TN 11. Las Vegas, NV 12. Virginia Beach, VA 13. Atlanta, GA 14. San Francisco, CA 15. Philadelphia, PA 16. Lancaster, PA 17. Boston, MA 18. Hershey, PA 19. Charleston, SC 20. Orlando, FL 21. New Orleans, LA 22. Cape Cod, MA 23. Mackinaw Island, MI 24. Atlantic City, NJ 25. San Antonio, TX 26. Richmond, VA 27. Myrtle Beach, SC 28. Asheville, NC 29. Memphis, TN 30. Biloxi-Gulfport, MS 31. Los Angeles, CA 32. St. Louis, MO 33. Albuquerque, NM 34. San Diego, CA 35. Dallas-Ft. Worth, TX 36. Cleveland, OH 37. Louisville, KY 38. Quebec City, QB 39. Colorado Springs, CO 40. Phoenix, AZ 41. Pittsburgh, PA 42. Montreal, QB 22 • Byways

43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

Seattle, WA Denver, CO Toronto, ON Valley Forge, PA Reno, NV Detroit, MI Savannah, GA Annapolis, MD

Honorable Mention Alexandria, VA Anchorage, AK Austin, TX Boise, ID Cincinnati, OH Indianapolis, IN Kansas City, MO Las Cruces, NM Lexington, KY Little Rock, AR Minneapolis-St Paul, MN Mobile, AL Monterey, CA Ocean City, MD Oklahoma City, OK Palm Springs, CA Portland, OR Sacramento, CA Tampa, FL Tucson, AZ Wheeling, WV The beach and boardwalk at Virginia Beach. Photo courtesy Jason Pratt.

Top 30 States 1. New York 2. Virginia 3. Tennessee 4. Pennsylvania 5. Illinois 6. Georgia 7. Missouri 8. Massachusetts 9. South Carolina 10. North Carolina 11. Florida

28. Wisconsin 29. Indiana 30. Nevada

Top 5 Canadian Provices 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Ontario Nova Scotia Quebec Prince Edward Island New Brunswick

The Governor’s Palace at Colonial Williamsburg in Virginia. Photo courtesy Larry Pieniazek.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

Michigan Ohio Maryland Texas California Kentucky West Virginia Nebraska Mississippi Vermont New Jersey Arizona South Dakota Louisiana Colorado Connecticut

Top 10 Group Friendly Hotels 1. Hampton Inns 2. Holiday Inns/Holiday Inns Express 3. Drury Inns 4. Comfort Inns 5. Fairfield Inns 6. Best Western 7. Hilton 8. La Quinta 9. Embassy Suites 10. Marriott

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Top 5 Group Friendly Restaurants 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Cracker Barrel Golden Corral Buca de Beppo Bubba Gump Tie: Bob Evans Phillips Restaurants

Top 15 Man-Made Attractions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Washington Monuments Statue of Liberty Grand Ole Opry Dollywood Mount Rushmore Radio City Music Hall Elvis Presley’s Graceland Henry Ford Museum Mount Vernon

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Kennedy Space Center New York’s Broadway Six Flags Disney World Universal Studios Tie: Busch Gardens Sea World Parks

Top 10 Natural Attractions 1. Niagara Falls, NY & ON 2. Pennsylvania Dutch Country 3. Grand Canyon, AZ 4. Black Hills, SD 5. Yellowstone National Park, WY & MT 6. Yosemite National Park, CA 7. Shenandoah National Park/Skyline Drive, VA 8. Glacier National Park 9. Redwood National Forest, CA 10. The Poconos, PA

Niagara Falls, New York. Photo courtesy Daniel Mayer.

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To honor the 184 victims of the 9/11 attack, 184 illuminated benches have been arranged according to the victim's ages, starting with Dana Falkenberg, 3, to John Yamnicky Sr., 71, in a landscaped 1.93-acre plot. Photo by Steve Kirchner.

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The Pentagon Memorial Byways • 27


To commemorate the anniversary each year, an American flag is hung on the section of the Pentagon hit by Flight 77. At night, this section of the building is lit up in blue lights.

ne of Washington’s newest memorials, The Pentagon Memorial is located just southwest of The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia. It is a permanent outdoor memorial to the 184 men and women who died as victims in the building and on American Airlines Flight 77 during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Exactly 60 years to the day after the groundbreaking ceremony of the Pentagon, the September 11, 2001 attacks occurred. American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the west side of the Pentagon after being hijacked, killing all aboard as well as over a hundred people within the Pentagon. The flight penetrated three of the five rings of the Pentagon. Because the affected area was under renovation at the time, several offices were unoccupied, sparing many lives. The aircraft struck on the edge between two sections—one of which had just finished being upgraded. The Pentagon Memorial, designed by Julie Beckman and Keith Kaseman of the architectural firm of Kaseman Beckman Advanced Strategies with engineers Buro Happold, opened to the public on September 11, 2008. 28 • Byways

America’s Heroes Memorial

Located inside the Pentagon, America's Heroes Memorial opened in September 2002 after Pentagon repairs were completed. The chapel is located where American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the building. The memorial includes a book of photographs and biographies of the victims. It also includes five large black acrylic panels: one displays the Purple Heart medal awarded to military members killed, another shows the medal given to civilians, two back wall panels are etched with the victims' names, and a center panel shows tribute statements. The small chapel, located in an adjacent room, has stained glass windows with patriotic-themed designs. Dedicated in 2008, the outdoor Pentagon Memorial is designed to honor the 184 victims. 184 illuminated benches have been arranged according to the victim's ages, starting with Dana Falkenberg, 3, to John Yamnicky Sr., 71, in a landscaped 1.93-acre plot. Each bench is engraved with the name of a victim. The benches representing the victims that were inside the Pentagon are arranged so those reading the names face the Pentagon's south facade, where the plane hit; benches dedicated to victims aboard the plane are arranged so that those reading the engraved name is fac85 paperbark maple trees are planted on thememorial grounds.

A family walks the memorial grounds.

ing skyward along the path the plane traveled. If more than one member of a family died during the attack, family names are listed in the reflecting pool under the bench, in addition to the separate benches that have been created for each individual. A wall along the edge of the Memorial begins at a height of 3 inches and rises to a height of 71 inches, the ages of the youngest and oldest victim of the attack, and approximately 85 paperbark maple trees are planted on the memorial grounds. To commemorate the anniversary each year, an American flag is hung on the section of the Pentagon hit by Flight 77. At night, this section of the building is lit up in blue lights. Memorial services are held on the anniversary of 9/11 at the Pentagon, with one service in an auditorium at the Pentagon for employees. A smaller service is held at the memorial site for family and friends of victims killed at the Pentagon on 9/11. To view the America’s Heroes Memorial, a Pentagon Tour is required to enter the building. The Pentagon Memorial is open to the public. Byways • 29

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United States Air Force Memorial

he United States Air Force Memorial honors the service of the personnel of the United States Air Force and its predecessors. The Memorial is located in Arlington, Virginia, on the grounds of Fort Myer near The Pentagon and Arlington National Cemetery. The Memorial itself is 270 feet high and appears to be soaring. Its array of arcs against the sky evokes a modern image of flight by jet and space vehicles. At the same time, it enshrines the past in permanent remembrance of the pioneers of flight who came before, and pays homage to those of the future. The three memorial spires range from 201 feet to 270 feet high and appear to be soaring; its array of stainless steel arcs against the sky evoke the image of "contrails of the Air Force Thunderbirds as they peel back in a precision 'bomb burst' maneuver." Only three of the four contrails are depicted, at 120 degrees from each other, as the absent fourth suggests the missing man formation traditionally used at Air Force funeral fly-overs. The pedestrian approach to the spires is from the west. South of the approach, before the inscription wall, stand

four 8-foot-tall bronze statues of the Memorial's Honor Guard, sculpted by Zenos Frudakis. To the north, this is linked by a stone plaza to the glass contemplation wall, a free-standing glass panel with the images of four F-16s flying in a Missing man formation engraved on both sides of the 5-ply panel. Except for the information kiosks outside the administration building, it is the only part of the memorial that depicts aircraft. The two inscription walls are located at each end of the central lawn. The north wall bears the names of Air Force recipients of the Medal of Honor, and the south wall bears inspirational quotations regarding core values, particularly the Air Force's three core values: "integrity first, service before self, and excellence in all we do". The Memorial is open every day of the year except Christmas Day. There is no charge to visit the site. April 1st - September 30th: 8 a.m. - 11 p.m. October 1st - March 31st: 8 a.m. - 9 p.m.

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The Hollywood Museum

he Hollywood Museum, the official museum of Hollywood, has the most extensive collection of Hollywood memorabilia in the world. The museum, featuring four floors of breathtaking exhibits, is home to more than 10,000 authentic show biz treasures– one of a kind costumes, props, photographs,

scripts, stars’ car collections and personal artifacts, posters, and vintage memorabilia from favorite films and TV shows. The museum also showcases the history of Hollywood and the Hollywood Walk of Fame. See hundreds of costumes on display, including Marilyn Monroe’s million dollar dress, Elvis’ personal bathrobe, I Love Lucy, Superman, Star Trek, Transformers, Glee, High School Musical, Michael Jackson, Leonardo DiCaprio, plus Rocky’s boxing gloves, Sopranos, Tom Cruise, Nicole Kidman, Beyoncé… See Lucy, Judy, Kate and all the greats! Plus the Rat Pack, Jurassic Park, Baywatch, Jaws, Planet of the Apes, The Flintstones, Harry Potter, Miley Cyrus, George Clooney, Jennifer Lopez, Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie…and more!!! The building that houses today’s Hollywood Museum 32 • Byways

at 1660 North Highland at Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood was originally purchased by Max Factor, legendary make-up artist to the stars, in 1928, just moments before the Great Depression. It would not be until 1935 that it was finally opened. Famed architect S. Charles Lee designed it in the so-called Hollywood regency art deco style. Lee was celebrated for his design of many of the grand motion picture theaters in Los Angeles as well as hotels and other signature buildings in the city and elsewhere in California. Through Max Factor this became much more than an elegant building. For the first time in history movie stars, women of high society and working women were all able to go to a public place for their make-up without the stigma of being called “hussies.” It took nine years to restore the Max Factor Building to its original grandeur and The Hollywood Museum opened in 2003. Back in all its glory was the lobby, an art deco gem— with its white and rose-colored oasis of lavish marble, re-created historical chandeliers, pastel hues, antique furniture, trompe l’oeil, faux finishes with 22kt. gold and silver leafing.

Betty Grable in the late 1940s.

redheads (Lucille Ball). Lucille Ball was not an original redhead. It was Max Factor who designed her hair color and the make-up to go with it. The Hollywood Museum features four floors of exhibits (two floors above the lobby and a basement below), offering more than 35,000 square feet of exhibit space—that’s seven times the size of the nearby Guinness World of Record Museum, almost four times the size of the neighboring Ripley’s Believe It Or Not Museum and five times larger than the Warner Bros. Museum. When the museum opened its doors in 2003 it was open just two days a week. It has since become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Hollywood and is now open five days a week. The museum has held many special events. A highlight of 2011 was a reunion of people who worked on the “I Love Lucy” show in celebration of Lucille Ball’s 100th birthday and the 60th anniversary of the show. Guests included Lucille and Desi’s daughter, Lucy Arnaz. Members of the public are able to view a special Lucille Ball exhibit. Later that year a recital entitled “From Russia With Love” was held with two internationally renowned concert pianists, both of them former winners of the José Iturbi contest. The ground floor houses many original displays from the old Max Factor Make-up Studio with one room for blondes (used by Marilyn Monroe) and another for

g n i n e p p a H s ’ t Wha

The Art Deco Lobby of the Hollywood Museum.

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Peterson Museum, Los Angels. Photo courtesy Michael Riehl.

Peterson Automotive Museum To Undergo Stunning Redesign

he Petersen Automotive Museum has announced that it will mark its 20th anniversary in 2014 by commencing a complete exterior transformation and a dynamic redesign of the interior, resulting in a world class museum that will showcase the art, experience, culture and heritage of the automobile. Displays will feature the prominence of the automobile in Southern California, as well as cars, trucks and motorcycles from around the world. In addition to the facility upgrade, the new Petersen will feature a refined and upgraded permanent collection and an expansion of rotating displays, galleries, technology and story-telling, providing visitors with fresh, new experiences throughout the year. The exterior design by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates will transform the Petersen building into one of the most significant and unforgettable structures in Los Angeles. “As we approach the Petersen Automotive Museum’s 20th anniversary, our goal is to design and build an exterior as stunning as 34 • Byways

the vehicles and displays housed inside,” said Peter Mullin, the Petersen’s Chairman of the Board. “For two decades this museum has charmed visitors with its fantastic collection and its focus on education and entertainment. Our plan is to work with the best and brightest minds in architecture, automotive history and interactive The exterior redesign of the museum. Photo courtesy Petersen Museum.

design to give the people of Los Angeles and the world a place where they can be immersed in the culture, sights and sounds of the greatest vehicles ever built.” The transformation will extend to the museum’s interior as well, with a proposed additional 15,000 square feet of display space. Redesigned galleries will feature state-of-the-art lighting, digital displays and immersive learning stations that will tell the stories of the people and machines that changed the world over the past century. Education programs will showcase a restored and upgraded permanent collection that includes historically significant American and European classics, hot rods, groundbreaking race cars, the latest in alternative fuel technology, cars with Hollywood heritage and even vehicles designed and built in Los Angeles itself. Situated on Wilshire Boulevard west of downtown in a museum-heavy stretch known as the Miracle Mile, the Petersen museum opened in 1994 under the patronage of the publishing magnate Robert E. Petersen, the late founder of Hot Rod and Motor Trend magazines. The

Peterson Museum, Los Angels. Photo courtesy Michael Riehl.

modern building, a former department store built in 1962, includes two floors of exhibits totaling about 150 cars, plus an underground vault of some 300 stored cars that only recently opened to public tours.

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The Hollywood Gallery at the Petersen Museum

ars and movies are among the most influential technologies of the twentieth century. Born in the same era, Hollywood and Detroit developed on parallel paths and rapidly achieved substantial economic and cultural power. Together, they revolutionized leisure time and came to symbolize glamour and mechanized utility to the American public. Early Hollywood director Cecil B. DeMille famously remarked that the American “love of motion and speedâ€? was embodied in the two industries. By the end of the 1920s, the Big Three in Detroit had emerged to dominate American car consumption while moviemaking came to be concentrated into five major studios, all in the Los Angeles area. On camera, cars indicate the wealth and social rank of the characters while simultaneously helping to establish a time and place. Behind the scenes, they serve as moving camera platforms and support vehicles. Off the set, they become an integral part of the glamorous celebrity lifestyle. 36 • Byways

From the movie Grease. Photo courtesy Petersen Museum.

From the movie Batman. Photo courtesy Petersen MuFrom the movie The Great Race. Photo courtesy Petersen Museum.

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Byways is published bi-monthly by Byways, Inc. and distributed electronically throughout North America. Byways is emailed to more than 4000 tour operators plus selected travel agencies through the internet. Subscriptions are complimentary. An iPad & iPhone version is available for consumers in iTunes and Newsstand in the App Store. Byways’ distribution includes motorcoach companies, tour operators, and selected travel agents, bank travel managers, school band and athletic planners, and meeting planners. For advertising rates, editorial deadlines, or to place advertising insertions, contact: Byways Magazine, 42 Cabin Hill Lane, Mount Jackson, VA 22842. Telephone 540477-3202. Fax 540-477-3858. Toll-free 800-469-0062. ©Copyright 2013 by Byways, Inc. All rights reserved. No portion of this publication may be duplicated in any form without express written permission of the publisher. Editor and Publisher Stephen M. Kirchner

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