BSUH Postgraduate Medical Training Prospectus 2021-22

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Postgraduate Medical Training Prospectus 2021-22 1


Contact details Medical Education Department Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Princess Royal Hospital Lewes Road, Haywards Heath, RH16 4EX www.bsuh.nhs.uk/med-ed Amelia.Amon@nhs.net

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CONTENT

Content ..............................................3 Welcome ............................................4 Location .............................................6 The Trust .............................................7 Library and Knowledge Service........8 Simulation and Human Factors .....10 Foundation Programme ..................12 Core Programmes Acute Care Common Stem ..............14 Core and Internal Medical Training 16 Core Surgical Training.....................18 GP Vocational Training Scheme .....20 Specialty Programmes Acute Medicine ................................22 Anaesthetics ....................................24 Cardiac Surgery ..............................26 Cardiology .......................................28 Dermatology .....................................30 Emergency Medicine .......................32 Endocrinology ..................................34

Gastroenterology ............................. 36 General Surgery ............................... 38 Genito-urinary Medicine.................. 40 Geriatrics .......................................... 42 Haematology .................................... 44 Histopathology................................. 46 Intensive Care Medicine ................. 48 Microbiology/Infectious Diseases . 50 Neurology ........................................ 52 Neurosurgery ................................... 55 Nuclear Medicine ............................. 56 Obstetrics and Gynaecology ......... 58 Oncology ......................................... 60 Ophthalmology ................................ 62 Orthopaedics ................................... 64 Otorhinolaryngology ....................... 66 Paediatric Surgery ........................... 68 Paediatric and Neonatal Medicine . 70 Radiology ......................................... 72 Renal Medicine................................. 74 Respiratory Medicine ...................... 76 Rheumatology .................................. 78 Urology ............................................. 80 Vascular Surgery ............................. 82

Disclaimer: BSUH has made every effort to ensure that the information in the prospectus is both helpful and accurate at the date of publication. However the information is subject to change over time, so please check our webpage or contact us for updates. Thank you to all trainees and staff, who helped us with their profiles and photographs.

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WELCOME Dear Trainee Colleague, Welcome to the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, the largest University Teaching Hospitals group in Kent, Surrey and Sussex. We provide high quality medical education for medical students, junior doctors and many other healthcare professionals.

We foster an ethos of multi-disciplinary learning which sets the tone for high quality patient care. We are an innovative organisation and have been at the forefront of innovations in the way we roster doctors in our A and E department, creating new posts–both medical and non-medical and in adopting change. Some of these have been recommended by the NHS and the BMA as areas of good practice.

Our expertise in a wide variety of specialties makes BSUH an excellent and exciting place for postgraduate training; our services span the entire spectrum from standard DGH services to Regional specialities. Our services spread over different hospitals including the Princess Royal Hospital and the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital.

I am looking forward to welcoming you warmly to our community and would like to wish you every success in the future.

Over one million patients come through our doors per year and you will see a broad range of interesting cases. With the 3T’s (Teaching, Trauma, Tertiary Care) development underway, the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton is well on its way to becoming an established Major Trauma Centre, offering our trainees unique experiences and development opportunities. We also have thriving Simulation, Human Factors and Leadership training programmes.

Mr. Varadarajan Kalidasan Consultant Paediatric Surgeon and Urologist Director of Education and Knowledge

Central to our ambition is our role as an academic centre, a provider of high quality teaching, and a host hospital for cutting edge research and innovation. On this we work with our partners, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Health Education England, South Thames Foundation School, as well as our local universities.

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WELCOME Dear Trainees, Welcome to the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust. Every year over 600 junior doctors train with us and contribute to patient care in our hospitals as well as the communities in Brighton, Hove and Mid-Sussex.

well as a variety of bars, pubs and restaurants. BSUH Hospitals are in easy reach of London with frequent trains going to London Bridge and Victoria stations. A free bus service runs hourly between the hospitals in Brighton and Haywards Heath enabling you, whatever site you are based, to enjoy a wide range of recreational facilities.

Training at our Trust is varied and includes face to face teaching, bedside teaching, formal and informal teaching, as well as elements of simulated training and e-learning. A multitude of courses and training materials are available on IRIS, the Trust internal elearning portal.

BSUH offers amazing opportunities for personal and professional development and I trust that you will enjoy a happy and fulfilling career with us.

Our Library and Knowledge service provides access to the most up-to-date, evidence based information to help staff make the best decisions for our patients. As a trainee, your feedback is invaluable for us in our continuous drive to improve our service. The Medical Education Department organises regular feedback sessions with our trainees and I want to encourage you to participate in them.

Nora Tester Medical Education Manager

BSUH is a great place to work and Sussex is a great place to live . We are very fortunate in that both Haywards Heath and Brighton enjoy close proximity to the beautiful countryside of the South Downs. Haywards Heath and the surrounding countryside has an extensive range of pubs and restaurants. Brighton offers an eclectic mix of entertainment, including theatres, festivals and clubs as

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LOCATION The Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton

The Princess Royal Hospital Haywards Heath

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THE TRUST Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals (BSUH) is an acute teaching hospital working across two sites: the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) in Brighton and the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) in Haywards Heath. Both hospitals provide many of the same acute services for their local populations. In addition, the Princess Royal is our centre for elective surgery and the Royal Sussex County Hospital is our centre for emergency and tertiary care. Our specialised and tertiary services include neurosciences, arterial vascular surgery, neonatal, paediatrics, cardiac, cancer, renal, infectious diseases and HIV medicine. We are also the major trauma centre for the South East.

Ophthalmic surgery is performed at PRH (cataracts) and SEH (all ophthalmic surgery including cataracts). The Brighton General Hospital (BGH) is the headquarters of South Downs Health NHS Trust and home to more than 100 departments and services, more than 1,100 staff from three different NHS trusts. It is visited on average by more than 550 patients a day. BSUH operate some clinical services, including dermatology, respiratory medicine and elderly medicine from the site. Hurstwood Park houses the trusts neurology department, providing a full range of services for patients suffering disorders of the brain and nervous system. Specialty services include Neurophysiology, Neurology Research and Neuropsychology services. The clinical neurophysiology service at BSUH provides inpatient and outpatient diagnostic investigations for patients of all ages. The Clinical Investigation and Research Unit (CIRU) is one of the country’s 19 NIHR funded Clinical Research Facilities and base of the trust’s clinical research activities. In partnership with the Brighton & Sussex Medical School, the University of Sussex and the University of Brighton our staff have developed an experimental medicine portfolio that involves clinical trials, translational research as well as genetic-, behavioural-, physiological- and prevention studies. Our research is delivered across a wide variety of specialities, including cardiology, cancer, digestive diseases, HIV and sexual health, immunology, neurology, ophthalmology, paediatrics, neonatology, rheumatology, surgery and trauma.

The Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH) is located within the grounds of the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton. It provides outpatient services, inpatient facilities, intensive care and a 24-hour emergency care service for children referred by GPs and other specialists. The Sussex Eye Hospital (SEH) provides a comprehensive ophthalmology service in Brighton, with satellite clinics held at the PRH in Haywards Heath.

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LIBRARY AND KNOWLEDGE SERVICE The Library and Knowledge Service provides access to a range of online resources and exam preparation tools, as well as articles, books, and evidence searches on request. Trainees are encouraged to subscribe to KnowledgeShare, a service designed to keep users up to date with the latest evidence. Keep learning and improving We provide access to the most up-todate evidence-based information to help you:  Make the best decisions for your patients  Improve your career prospects  Write and publish journal papers  Lead journal clubs and case reports  Teach medical students and your peers  Contribute to innovative research

All you need is an NHS OpenAthens account for Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust. If we don’t have what you need we’ll get it for you from another library. You can also send suggestions and recommendations to us to buy specific textbooks and other resources for your training. Approach exams with confidence If you’re studying for Royal College exams, boost your success rate with our exam preparation books and online tools.

Trusted information when you need it Point-of-care information tools such as UpToDate and BMJ Best Practice help you make quick decisions based on the latest evidence. We provide textbooks and journals, collections of case reports, clinical images and videos. You can access many of our resources online.

Stay ahead of the game Save yourself time and ensure you are up-to-date on the latest developments in healthcare by joining KnowledgeShare. This current awareness service is tailored to your interests and links you with colleagues in other trusts to enable sharing of research and best practice. Ask us for the evidence If you want to find the very best evidence to inform your research, audit or service improvement but have limited time, come to us. We’ll search for you and will email you a selected summary of what we have found. You can request a search using our online request form on our website.

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LIBRARY AND KNOWLEDGE SERVICE Support in your workplace Two of our librarians are attached to specific clinical teams. They teach on the Foundation and Core Medical curriculum, attend key clinical meetings and provide evidence searches to inform patient care.

Find and appraise evidence effectively Whether you need a refresher on MEDLINE, tips on preparing for your journal club or guidance on critical appraisal, our team can help. Find the right session for you on our website’s teaching section. A room of your own Well almost! If your rota takes you between the hospital sites, you have the perfect hotdesk. Our PCs, photocopying, printing and scanning facilities are available 24/7 and offer a convenient and quiet place to work and study. Software to manage references or analyse statistics is available on selected PCs.

24/7 access to information Make the most of your on-call time and nights. The libraries at RSCH and PRH are available for you to use at any time of the day or night and you can borrow books using the self-service kiosks. The Library The Audrey Emerton Building Royal Sussex County Hospital Eastern Road, Brighton East Sussex BN2 5BE Tel: 01273 523300

Contact us for more details: bsuh.library@nhs.net www.bsuh.nhs.uk/library Follow us on Twitter: @BrightonSx_LKS

The Library Princess Royal Hospital Lewes Road, Haywards Heath West Sussex RH16 4EX Tel: 01444 441881 x5463

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The Library Sussex Education Centre Mill View Hospital Nevill Avenue, Hove East Sussex BN3 7HZ Tel: 01273 621984 x202587


SIMULATION AND HUMAN FACTORS Simulation Simulation-based education is an essential component in the training of clinical staff. Its adoption is supported by national policies as well as an expanding body of literature, and its use is recognised as a means of improving patient outcomes.

the KSS Children’s Simulation Centre at the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital. Simulation facilities are also available in the A&E department as well as in the Intensive Care Unity at the Royal Sussex County Hospital. The plans for Brighton’s 3T’s hospital re-development include teaching facilities with a state of the art simulation centre. The Sim suites are used for moulage as well as for clinical and technical skills training by teams and departments throughout the Trust.

Simulation-based training forms an integral part of training within Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH) and is used to develop clinical staff across teams and disciplines. Expert knowledge of the training method is available throughout the Trust and routinely accessed in the roll out of quality improvement initiatives.

Non-technical skills training includes leadership, communication and team work. Training to improve cognitive abilities focusses on decision making, risk assessment, managing uncertainty and

The Trust maintains three Sim Suites, the David Read Simulation Suite and the Hurstwood Park Simulation Theatre, both at the Princess Royal Hospital, and

professional judgment. In addition to events in lecture theatres and training rooms, exciting in-situ simulation sessions are organised throughout the

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Trust, including several preparation events for the Brighton Marathon. The multi-disciplinary training covers emergency response rehearsals and involves teams from other Hospital Trusts as well as the ambulance services.

predictable circumstances can result in errors, regardless of how experienced, committed and careful staff are. Learning from other safety-critical environments, we now understand that the design and complexity of the healthcare systems we work in affect the likelihood of errors occurring. And our targeted training aims at helping health care staff to recognise and counter-act potential risks.

Human Factors Human factors is a central theme in the Trust’s continuous efforts to improve patient safety. As part of training courses or as stand-alone teaching sessions, improving performance by understanding individual/team behaviour and cognitive biases is relevant for teams in direct care as well as support roles. Although the goal is to ensure patients and service users always receive safe, effective, high quality care, making difficult decisions in dynamic, intense, often un-

BSUH has a dedicated Local Faculty Group of Simulation and Human Factors, who work closely with clinical and educational staff to drive forward simulation and human factors activities across both sites.

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FOUNDATION PROGRAMME The Foundation Programme is the general training programme leading from medical school to specialist training or general practice training. The programme covers the first two years of clinical practice and primarily teaches generic skills needed by all doctors in any area of practice. The central theme of the curriculum is achieving competence through clinical practice and therefore most learning is grounded in the clinical setting. The Brighton and Sussex University Hospital NHS Trust (BSUH) is part of the South Thames Foundation School (STFS).

the learning experience from clinical episodes. Trainees are part of a multidisciplinary team and work alongside allied healthcare professionals. As a medical school we have medical students in most clinical areas and Foundation trainees are encouraged to get involved in medical student teaching. Placements at BSUH cover a range of specialties including Acute Medicine, Anaesthetics, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Gastroenterology, General Medicine, Psychiatry, Surgery, Genitourinary Medicine, Care of the Elderly, Haematology, Infectious Diseases, Medical Oncology, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ENT, Paediatrics, Paediatric Surgery, Palliative Medicine, Renal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, and Urology. Most posts are based in the acute setting with the exception of General Psychiatry, GP, Community Paediatrics and Palliative Care which are in the community.

At BSUH, trainees rotate through a set of three training placements in their F1 year and three more in their F2 year, each of which is four months in duration. In addition to acquiring professional skills such as teamwork, communication, and learning to prioritise tasks, trainees cover the foundation learning curriculum. Each post encompasses a range of opportunities for example learning new clinical skills, clerking patients for that specialty and presenting on ward rounds.

There are regular mandatory teaching sessions for foundation trainees, covering a wide range of topics, and the programme is designed to cover specific aspects of the foundation curriculum. Attendance at the mandatory Foundation Teaching sessions is required for trainees to be signed off at the end of year. Most departments also provide teaching sessions covering more specialist topics, and we encourage trainees to undertake one audit a year. In addition, Foundation trainees do specialist training courses such as ILS, ALS and simulation-based training.

Supervised Learning Events (SLEs) and reflective practice are used to maximize

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FOUNDATION PROGRAMME biological age and sarcopenia. From a medical angle, BSUH has schooled me in the realities of working as a foundation doctor in challenging times for the NHS, enabling me to improve my knowledge and skills. The wards are busy and oncalls can be demanding, but there is a genuinely inspiring sense of team spirit at the RSCH. Staff at all levels are friendly and approachable and I have always felt able to seek senior support when needed, especially working with consultants in AMU.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Frances Kirkham

I was delighted to accept the Academic Foundation Programme at BSUH, which was my first choice of all the UK programmes. I have always aspired to a career in Geriatrics and this programme offered a thorough grounding in a variety of medical jobs as well as a research block dedicated to Geriatrics.

I came to medicine through an unconventional route, first undertaking a degree in English at Cambridge before working for many years in Communications and PR in London. It was therefore important for me to make the right career choices to enhance my development, and I am grateful to BSUH for the training I have received here and the opportunity to work with such dedicated and hard-working teams.

Brighton has provided many and varied opportunities to develop as a trainee, particularly from a research perspective, as there is an active academic community. I relished the chance to work with esteemed professors during my research block, running a project on stroke and getting practical experience of the rigors of trial management. As a result, I have given oral and poster presentations at international conferences on topics such as

Despite being older than many of my peers, I have always felt incredible camaraderie from my fellow juniors, as we work together despite the complex challenges which face our generation of doctors.

that they are considering for their future career and training. We suggest that F1s can do this during their last rotation in F1, and F2 trainees are advised to consider taster sessions early in F2 so this is completed well before that are applying for run-through training. The taster can only be taken once – either in F1 or F2 and is usually taken as a fiveday block. The time needs to be agreed with the trainee’s clinical department.

ate training. The learning objectives for this year are set by the General Medical Council and at the end of the year each trainee must demonstrate that they have met the standards of competence set out in the curriculum. Foundation Year 2 (F2) The second year of the Foundation Programme builds on the first year of training and particularly focuses on the assessment and management of acutely ill patients. It is important to remember that evidence of F1 sign off is required for successful completion of the Foundation Programme.

Foundation Year 1 (F1) The first year of the Foundation Programme builds on knowledge, skills and competences developed in undergradu13


ACUTE CARE COMMON STEM Acute Care Common Stem is a two-year programme which covers the acute specialties of anaesthesia, acute medicine (general internal), emergency medicine and intensive care medicine. The ACCS programme is an alternative route into anaesthesia and acute medicine instead of core anaesthesia or core medicine training and the only route to enter training in emergency medicine.

PROGRAMME DESIGN The ACCS programme is designed to reflect acute care clinical practice and focusses on the following areas for 18 of the 24 months:  Major presentations of patients with a core symptom who will need resuscitation;  Acute presentations of patients with a core general symptom who are seen in either the Emergency Department, the Intensive Care Unit, the Acute Medical Ward and those areas where anaesthetics are administered;  Airway management (training completed in the anaesthesia component of the programme).

The two-year training programme is broken down into four component parts. Trainees complete six months in emergency medicine, acute medicine, anaesthesia and intensive care medicine. The anaesthesia training in ACCS is identi-

cal to the first six months of training core anaesthesia trainees receive. All trainees must pass the initial assessment of competence in their anaesthesia placement. On completion of the two years ACCS programme, trainees return to their parent specialty for a third year, to meet the entry requirements detailed for Higher Specialty Training. BSUH trainees will be based in the Emergency Departments of both hospitals, the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) and the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH). CT1 ACCS trainees will also rotate to Medical Wards and the Medical Assessment Ward in both hospitals. The first six months ACCS trainees will spend in the Emergency Department or Acute Medicine where as the second year will be Anaesthetics and ICM. The more acute aspect of emergency work can be experienced in the resuscitation

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room and time in the Medical Assessment Unit where trainees will see and assess GP admissions and regularly undertake ward rounds with the Acute Assessment Medical team.

thetists recommendations. There is a huge range of cases to be seen in the Emergency Department, making it uniquely valuable in training for all hospital specialties as well as General Practice. Trainees also benefit from the opportunity to work with a wide range of other health care professionals such as psychiatry, GPs and ENPs.

The training period in Acute Medicine currently split into 3 months in Acute Medical Unit and 3 months in the Emergency Ambulatory Care Unit will give a broader picture of life behind the acute floor, with insight into clinics and ward rounds and interaction with other medical specialties. The CT2 year consists of nine months Anaesthetics and three months Intensive Care –aiming to move towards a six months split each by 2021 as per Royal College of Anaes-

The ACCS curriculum is delivered through trainee led, protected weekly teaching sessions which is two hours a week for EM and equivalent for Acute Medicine teaching. Weekly Grand Round lectures at the RSCH and monthly Grand Rounds at the PRH complement the teaching programme.

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INTERNAL MEDICINE TRAINING In August 2019 Internal Medicine Training (IMT) replaced Core Medical Training to form the first years of postfoundation training for the main specialties supporting acute hospital care. The programme prepares doctors to become a medical registrar and provides them with the skills needed to manage patients presenting with a wide range of general medical symptoms and conditions. At BSUH there is the opportunity to do rotations in a wide range of medical specialties including Oncology, Renal Medicine, Neurology, Cardiology, Stroke Medicine, Gastroenterology, Haematology, Infectious Diseases, Dermatology, Endocrinology, Respiratory Medicine and Palliative Care.

four months long and all programmes include rotations in Intensive Care Medicine and Geriatrics. Training is split across both sites. Within each rotation there is plenty of opportunity to carry out the required work placed based assessments. Holistic decisions on progress will be made for the fourteen high level capabilities in practice (CiPs) using the professional judgement of appropriately trained, expert assessors. During IMT trainees

Most rotations include participation in the acute medicine rota which involves clerking on the acute medical take in ED and RAMU/ EACU. Each rotation is

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INTERNAL MEDICINE TRAINING designed which has meant we now have a dedicated ‘Clinic Week’ allowing us to attend far more clinics of our choosing, which has been great for both education and the e-portfolio requirements. All of our allocated study leave (30 days across the year) is also factored into our rota, allowing us far better protection of our study days.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Emma Coleman

I moved to Brighton to start my Internal Medicine Training because BSUH offers a broad range of rotations for medical training, which specifically appealed to me.

Working at a teaching hospital, I have been heavily involved in teaching medical students. I have also developed and organised a teaching programme for the new interim foundation doctors. I have thoroughly enjoyed working on the programme and the project team decided to submit a paper on it to one of the national Medical Education conference.

There is a good mix of DGH style work at the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) as well as the opportunity to work in tertiary level specialties. Within RAMU/ EACU there has been plenty of opportunities to improve my procedural skills with regular pleural clinics for chest drains as well as ascitic drains.

Brighton is a great place to live with the beach at your doorstep and the South Downs in easy reach. There are a huge number of restaurants and pubs to enjoy outside of work, which I am still working my way through.

There has recently been an overhaul in the way our medical rotas have been

must complete the full MRCP (UK) Diploma and there is locally organising teaching to assist with this. There are 2 training pathways in IMT: Group 1 specialities and Group 2 specialties. For Group 1 specialties (the vast majority of specialties; aiming for Dual CCT), IMT is 3 years, for Group 2 specialities (single CCT), IMT is 2 years.

RSCH Curriculum based IMT teaching takes place each Monday between 1pm and 2pm in the AEB. The programme covers the GIM curriculum and is led by the various specialty consultants. There is a Clinical Hot Cases session on Thursdays at 1pm and the Medical Grand Round is on Wednesday at 1pm. On Thursday at 8.30am there is a morning report discussion.

PRH There is a Department of Medicine Clinical Meeting on Wednesday at 2pm and on the last Wednesday of the month there is a M&M meeting. Curriculum based IMT teaching is on Friday at 1pm. And the Grand Round takes place on the last Friday of each month.

In addition to these educational opportunities, each department offers its own training activities. There are also regional IMT teaching days held by KSS at various hospitals within the deanery.

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CORE SURGICAL TRAINING Core Surgical training is the general training programme leading from the Foundation Programme to specialist surgical training. It combines training periods in different departments and teams, allowing trainees to try and experience a variety of specialities. Core Surgical training usually takes two years and prepares doctors for ST3 selection.

shared across all the surgical specialties. During this period, trainees will acquire the competences that are common to all surgical trainees (defined as common competences) together with a limited range of competences that are relevant to their chosen surgical specialty. At BSUH core surgical training covers trauma and orthopaedics, urology, otolaryngology, hepatobiliary surgery, colorectal surgery, upper GI surgery, paediatric surgery and maxillofacial surgery.

The training at Brighton and Sussex University Hospital NHS Trust will prepare junior doctors for the MRCS examinations part A and part B and help them expand their portfolio, take part in audits and research, as well as involve them in presentations and publications. Within the early years of training and prior to entry into ST3, much of the content is

Year 1 rotations cover three posts and include either general surgery coupled with two posts in trauma and orthopaedics, or paediatric surgery with two posts in otolaryngology. eral Surgery in particular, at the Princess Royal Hospital there is day case General Surgery six days a week with dedicated training lists.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Mr Ross Kenny

I have just completed my second year of Core Surgical Training at BSUH with jobs undertaken in Vascular and General Surgery. I have always enjoyed working in busy units and both jobs have certainly lived up to those expectations.

At the Royal Sussex County the emergency CEPOD theatre always has cases and often runs through the night, which gives ample opportunity to practice. The staff at Brighton helps make this one of the best places to learn. Weekly teaching sessions occur in all surgical departments and is primarily consultant led. Senior clinicians are all able and willing teachers both in theatre and on the wards. Regional surgical training days at Princess Royal Hospital are fantastic for practicing a variety of skills with fantastic resources available.

Brighton is a regional major trauma centre and as such is a fantastic place to learn as a junior surgeon. There is a good flow of patients through the hospital meaning that you get to see and treat many different kinds of pathology, increasing your knowledge base.

For aspiring trainees coming to Brighton I would encourage you to get involved as much as possible in every placement that you undertake and take advantage of the many training opportunities there are to progress.

Skills wise there are numerous opportunities to hone your surgical skills. In Gen-

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Year 2 rotations cover two six-months posts and include general surgery combined with paediatric surgery, trauma and orthopaedics with plastic surgery (in East Grinstead), or two six months posts in either general surgery, trauma and orthopaedics or urology. The majority of posts are a year in one specialty.

surgical skills using animal tissue and specially made models. On the teaching days there will be simulated scenarios. In addition to bedside teaching, teaching at MDTs, seminars and journal clubs, the Trust offers a variety of training in basic surgical skills, Care of the Critically Ill Surgical Patients (CCrISP) Courses, and Advanced Trauma and Life Support (ATLS) courses.

Teaching The Surgical Faculty at BSUH runs five core surgical training days per year, of which two are teaching days and three are simulation days.

Three times per year we are running MRCS preparation courses in cooperation with the BSMS Anatomy Lab at Sussex University.

On the three simulations days we provide an opportunity to practice basic

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GP VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHEME The GP training is spread across two schemes in this area, the Brighton scheme and the Mid Sussex scheme. During ST1 and ST2 trainees from both schemes undertake 4-monthly posts in both, Brighton and Haywards Heath hospitals as well as surgeries in the surrounding communities.

gain the necessary insight and skills for qualification. Trainees have the opportunity to extend the ST3 year to build expertise in research, education or commissioning. VTS teaching is half a day per week followed by a half day of private study, and is spread across three 10-week terms. It is held within the allocated scheme, either Brighton or Mid Sussex, and both have consistently received positive feedback on the quality of teaching and support from the Programme Directors.

One of the ST1 posts is General Practice, with the opportunity to apply for an ITP (Integrated Training Post), spending part of the week in another speciality e.g. Palliative Care or Dermatology. The remaining posts may include a mix of A&E, Medicine, Paediatrics, Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Orthopaedics, ENT, Sexual Health and HIV medicine.

The mornings are normally split into two sessions, group discussions and updates from the Programme Directors, followed by a talk from speakers covering many topics including Diabetes, Respiratory and Neurology. Teaching is mandatory whilst in a GP post but trainees in hospital posts are always welcome to come whenever they are granted study leave. There is a joint residen-

The entire ST3 year is spent at a GP training practice, which will be a different surgery to the trainee’s ST1 GP post. This 12-month placement enables trainees to become part of a team and

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GP VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHEME WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY

scheme, my ITP at one of the local CCGs gave me experience in clinical commissioning. Such a tailored educational experience ensures that I am leaving the scheme with both, a solid clinical foundation, as well as new avenues to explore in my future career.

Dr Joshua Rubenstein

I fully recommend coming to Brighton and MidSussex for your GP training.

As a trainee representative, I have witnessed first-hand the strong local commitment to improving training based on junior doctors’ feedback. Additionally, the Guardian of Safe Working is very active and engaged with junior doctors here.

From the start I knew I was in good hands. The programme directors took care to allocate me to posts according to my previous experience.

But it’s not all about work. The city of Brighton and Hove is vibrant, liberal and by the sea; leafy Mid-Sussex offers chocolate-box villages, the South Downs, and excellent cycling and walking routes. Wherever you decide to live, there is something for everyone here.

As well as being exposed to the ‘traditional’ hospital specialties one would expect from a GP training

tial biannually, covering practical topics such as resilience and job applications, and providing a fun opportunity to get to know each other.

ly in a Brighton pub, where trainees from all years and both schemes have a chance to meet up in an informal environment.

Communication and support is an essential part of VTS. Every trainee will be allocated an Educational Supervisor, who will be a GP Trainer and the trainer they work alongside in ST3. They will also be assigned a Clinical Supervisor for each 4 month rotation to support them during their time in that specialty.

The Trust also operates a ‘buddy’ scheme where each trainee is linked up to another GP trainee in the year above, who can be contacted for advice and support. Trainees also receive monthly newsletters that discuss issues including teaching, up and coming courses and VTS dates. Brighton and Mid Sussex have their own websites with relevant information, news and contact details. Each scheme also has their own GP Faculty Administrator who is there to assist them throughout their time in VTS.

Each year group, in both Brighton and Mid Sussex schemes, has one or two trainee representatives that attend meetings on the trainee’s behalf. They raise issues at Local Faculty Group meetings which are held three times a year. They also arrange socials, normal21


ACUTE MEDICINE The Acute Medical Department provides a high quality rapid acute medical assessment service to an urban and rural population of around 250,000 within Brighton and Hove as well as the surrounding areas.

medical unit. Both sites can also therefore offer a service for planned elective and semi-elective procedures and investigations whilst also offering a space for ambulant medical patients to be assessed and managed. The Acute Medical team provides an 8am until 8pm consultant led service seven days a week at the RSCH.

The department operates across both sites, the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) in Brighton and the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) in Haywards Heath. The Acute medical team work closely with GPs and the hospitals’ Emergency department’s to review and manage patients who present with acute medical problems.

The team consists of 7 consultants, one specialist registrar, one ACCS, one CMT and three foundation doctors at the RSCH. PRH is covered by one registrar and the on call team. Teaching The Acute Medical Team runs an active educational programme for all trainees, including a weekly ‘hot cases’ meeting

The department at RSCH incorporates an acute medical unit and ambulatory care unit and PRH has a rapid access

tor 4th year medical students and was involved with OSCE revision and examinations, as well as teaching PACES.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Gareth Watts

I started my training as an ST3 in Brighton not only because of its great location, but because it offered a wide range of interesting opportunities for acute internal medical training.

The hospital is currently undergoing a big redevelopment and trainees became involved in shaping the acute floor. As a trainee you have many opportunities to develop your leadership skills, especially in the role of chief registrar . As part of the AMU team, I contribute towards the day to day running of the department, including reviewing inpatients, seeing patients on ACU and working with junior and senior colleagues to ensure patients are looked after safely, compassionately and efficiently.

I have seen a lot of interesting cases and had many opportunities to practice a wide range of procedures, including pleural procedures, which are done on ACU in a pleural clinic twice a week.

Brighton is a great place to work. The hospital has a great view of the sea, and there’s plenty to do to relax . Summertime is really great – after a busy day at work, sitting on the seafront in the sun with a cold drink is the best way to relax!

I enjoyed arranging departmental teaching and demonstrating procedures to junior doctors. I had the opportunity to men-

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and a monthly clinical governance meeting as well as daily bedside teaching. Trainees are also encouraged to attend the weekly medical Grand Rounds as well as their own weekly Foundation and Internal Medical teaching as often as possible.

the development of a variety of specialist skills, including thoracic ultrasound, echo, stroke thrombolysis, practical procedures such as ascitic and pleural drains as well as the running of ambulatory and rapid access clinics . Research Trainees are encouraged to take part in audit, quality and service improvement projects as well as patient experience initiatives. Research results should be presented at departmental meetings as well as events and conferences.

The unit runs daily emergency ambulatory care clinics, weekly rapid access Infectious Diseases Clinics, VTE clinics and there are twice weekly clinics specifically for pleural procedures. The emergency ambulatory care unit also provides a temporal artery biopsy service.

The department has strong links with Brighton and Sussex Medical School and is currently involved in several research projects alongside the emergency department at both sites.

The department has a strong team ethos with close working between the other specialities. This setting stimulates

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ANAESTHETICS The combined Anaesthetic Department of the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals Trust has offices at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) in Brighton and at the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) in Haywards Heath.

We provide anaesthesia to a total of 31 Operating Theatres and support Critical Care facilities at the RSCH, the PRH, the Cardiac Unit and the Paediatric High Dependency Unit. The anaesthetic department consists of over 70 Consultant Anaesthetists, one Associate Specialist, 38 Training posts and a number of clinical fellow and research posts. We have 2 College Tutors in Anaesthetics due to the large numbers of trainees and their diversity in training needs.

We provide anaesthetic services for General Surgery, ENT (including major airway surgery), Gynaecology and Urology, Orthopaedics and Trauma, Paediatric and Neonatal Surgery (at the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital), Neurosurgery and Cardiac Surgery.

The department provides 24 hour a day anaesthesia and analgesia for labour and operative delivery at both RSCH and PRH. There is also a preoperative assessment and high risk antenatal anaesthetic assessment for RSCH’s and PRH’s Obstetric services. Due to the high number of complex patients that

The Orthopaedic Treatment Centre is at the Princess Royal Site and Ophthalmic Services are based at the Eye Hospital in Brighton. Chronic Pain Services are provided at PRH and Day Surgery both at PRH and at Lewes Victoria Hospital.

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ANAESTHETICS pass through our hospitals, there is an Anaesthetic Review Clinic set up providing Consultant pre-assessment for high risk patients. This has recently included the use of CPEX testing in some patient groups. We provide anaesthetic training for Novice Anaesthetists who have a specific 3 month programme culminating in their Initial Assessment of Competence, Core Trainees (including ACCS) and Intermediate and Higher Trainees. We run a modular training programme at all levels and take care to ensure that the individual training needs for each anaesthetic trainee are met. This is achieved by having a well established and motivated group of Educational and Clinical Supervisors who meet every three months at the Local Faculty Group Meeting. There is a timetable of fortnightly teaching sessions to cover the FRCA syllabus and more senior trainees are expected to attend regional study days which take place in Brighton and around KSS. In addition to this there are regular teaching sessions/tutorials specifically to support those taking the FRCA examinations.

versity of Brighton and the PRH and trainees have the opportunity to gain experience in teaching undergraduates, Foundation doctors and other allied health professionals. Departmental audit and clinical incident meetings are held regularly and trainees are expected to participate in them. All members of the department are encouraged to conduct audit projects and present these at department’s Clinical Governance meetings.

There is a ‘neophyte’ course for those new to anaesthetics to complement their in theatre workplace based assessments in order to achieve of Initial Assessment of Competence (IAC). There are opportunities to take advantage of locally run simulation training in neuroanaesthesia, paediatric anaesthesia and obstetrics. The School of Anaesthesia, BSUH and Brighton and Sussex Medical School collaborate on the MSc, PGCert and PGDip for Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, jointly run at the Uni-

Research There are research opportunities within the anaesthetic department and we currently have 2 Research Fellows involved in ongoing projects led by a small group of Consultants. This includes projects in hip fracture care, hypothermia management and blood conservation strategies. All trainees are expected to participate in audit/clinical improvement projects and present at local and national meetings where appropriate.

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CARDIAC SURGERY The cardiothoracic surgery team at BSUH is part of the Sussex Cardiac Centre that provides a local and tertiary cardiac service to a population of 1.2 million. All adult invasive, non-invasive cardiology and cardiac surgery is undertaken. There are three cardiac catheter laboratories; two cardiac theatres as well as a hybrid theatre, an eight bedded coronary care unit, four cardiology wards, cardiothoracic HDU, cardiac surgical ward, as well as a cardiac daycase unit. In addition there is an active research department, supported by seven research nurses.

program including trans-catheter aortic valve replacements (TAVI) and cuttingedge interventional mitral valve procedures. The Surgical team in Brighton consists of five consultant cardiothoracic surgeons, two cardiothoracic specialist registrars, six trust grade or staff grade registrars and three ST1-2/ F2 doctors. Teaching In addition to routine procedures, trainees will be involved in specialist procedures, including off-pump CABG, mitral valve repair (including minimally invasive repair), surgery for aortic root (including valve preserving procedure), arch surgery and de-branching techniques. Trainees also have the opportunity to participate in trans-catheter valve implantation, mini-bypass, mini aortic valve replacement and VATS AF ablation. The department runs weekly joint meetings with the cardiology team

The unit undertakes a high volume of percutaneous coronary interventional procedures, electrophysiological studies and ablations, implantation of simplex and complex pacing devices and implantable defibrillators as well as having an active structural heart interventional

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CARDIAC SURGERY

to discuss complex cases and virtual teleconferences every week with the cardiology centres in the West and East. In addition to this there are monthly full clinical governance meetings, which have an educational component with respect to emerging guidelines and therapies. Trainees will be involved in new patient as well as follow up clinics.

Society of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Great Britain and Ireland. Research Trainees are also encouraged to support our 1st class research team headed by Prof Hildick-Smith. The team researches all aspects of cardiovascular disease with an emphasis on interventions in Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Cardiac Anaesthesia. Key areas of interest include coronary artery disease intervention and structural heart disease intervention. The unit has a strong national and international presence and leads many international studies for the UK, including projects for the British Heart Foundation (BHF), the Medical Research Council (MRC) and Health Technology Assessment (HTA).

Regional study days are delivered every two months and includes events like the Valve Technology Symposium, organised annually by St. Thomas’ and King’s College Hospital. There are also two symposia per annum of the cardiothoracic section of the Royal Society of Medicine available to all trainees and the annual meeting of the

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CARDIOLOGY The Sussex Cardiac Centre provides a local and tertiary cardiac service to a population of 1.2 million. All adult invasive, non-invasive cardiology and cardiac surgery is undertaken. There are three cardiac catheter laboratories; two cardiac theatres as well as a hybrid theatre, a six bedded coronary care unit, four cardiology wards, cardiothoracic HDU, cardiac surgical ward, as well as a cardiac day-case unit. In addition there is an active research department, supported by seven research nurses. The unit undertakes a high volume of percutaneous coronary interventional procedures, electrophysiological studies and ablations, implantation of simplex and complex pacing devices and implantable defibrillators as well as having an active structural heart interventional program including trans-catheter aortic valve replacements. The non-invasive cardiac department is equally busy, undertaking 4000 echocardiograms annually, 300 trans-oesophageal echocardiograms and 150 bubble contrast studies. A primary angioplasty service is provided 24 hours a day for patients with acute infarction. The medical team in Brighton consists of 14 consultant cardiologists (6 interventionists, 3 electrophysiologists, 2 heart failure / device specialists, 2 specialists in imaging / adult congenital heart disease and 1 acute cardiology. At present there are eight cardiology specialist registrars (years 5 to 7) and 4 cardiac fellows.

tients admitted under cardiology. They will be expected to participate in CCU ward rounds, post-take ward rounds and the daily review of inpatients. Much of the elective work no longer requires routine clerking allowing the trainees to focus on more complex medical management of cardiac in-patients with the support of middle grade doctors, consultants and nursing staff.

Teaching Trainees will be involved in the day-today care of elective and non-elective pa-

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CARDIOLOGY Trainees are actively encouraged to attend lab sessions as well as noninvasive investigations to gain exposure to all aspects of cardiology.

Research Trainees are also encouraged to support our first class research team. The team researches all aspects of cardiovascular disease with an emphasis on interventions in Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Cardiac Anaesthesia. Key areas of interest include coronary artery disease intervention and structural heart disease intervention.

There is a weekly educational meeting for cardiology trainees and the department runs weekly joint meetings with the cardiothoracic surgical team to discuss complex cases as well as monthly clinical governance meetings, which have an educational component with respect to emerging guidelines and therapies. Regional study days delivered by world renowned speakers are organised in conjunction with the British Cardiovascular Society and facilitated by the Royal Society of Medicine in London.

The unit has a strong national and international presence and leads many international studies for the UK, including projects for the British Heart Foundation (BHF), the Medical Research Council (MRC) and Health Technology Assessment (HTA).

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DERMATOLOGY The Dermatology Department is based at the Brighton General Hospital and delivers outpatient services at local hospitals in Lewes, Peacehaven, Haywards Heath as well as the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital in Brighton.

from GPs and the hospital. The dermatology department runs specialist clinics for patients with skin cancer, psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa, immunobullous disorders, paediatric disease, vulval disease, hair disorders and leg ulceration as well as patch test and psychodermatology clinics. The department uses a teledermatology service for rapid lesion triage. The department’s facilities include operating theatres, treatment rooms and consultation suites and the department is fully integrated with plastic surgery. A phototherapy unit provides a full range of treatments including narrowband TLO1, PUVA treatment, and hand/foot PUVA. Other treatments available include Botox for hyperhidrosisis and Conventional and daylight PDT. Complex skin cancer surgery, including skin graft and flap repairs are performed under local anaesthetic by a team of plastic and dermatological surgeons.

The department provides about 12,000 consultations per annum, approx. 7,000 new patients are seen and 2,600 minor procedures conducted in the dermatology day-case theatres and minor treatment rooms. There is a weekly local and specialist skin cancer MDT meeting. Inpatients are cared for in general medical beds at the Royal Sussex County Hospital. There is a weekly Consultant led ward round of dermatology inpatient referrals. There is no out of hours dermatology on call, but trainees have day time on call commitments when they are responsible for taking urgent referrals

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DERMATOLOGY Clinical photography is supported by the audio-visual department and medical photographers are available for some of the outpatient clinics. The department has a small library and six major dermatology journals are available for review. The dermatology team is comprised of eight consultant dermatologists, two plastic surgeons, three specialist registrars, two clinical fellows and a core medical trainee. The specialist dermatology nursing service supports clinics including phototherapy, psoriasis and biologics clinics, wound care, iontophoresis, patch testing and community paediatric eczema clinics. Teaching Thursday afternoon specialist dermatology teaching rotates between the St John’s Society dermatology meeting ( 1st month), Pan Thames SpR training or South West Thames dermatology meeting ( 2nd Month) Section of dermatology meeting, Royal Society of medicine ( 3rd month) and local Brighton dermatology clinical governance and clinical cases meeting ( 4th Month). There is a weekly hospital physician’s grand round. Histopathology training is provided on a monthly basis. of Dermatologists’ Annual Meeting, the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology meetings, as well as the prestigious American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting.

Higher Specialty Trainees are involved in teaching medical students and postgraduate trainees, either informally in clinics, or by delivering lectures and interactive sessions at the hospital grand rounds or at the morning rounds.

Research Trainees are encouraged to participate in audit and research projects. The department is involved in a number of industry and CLRN research studies.

They are encouraged to attend and present at national and international meetings, for example the British Association

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE The Emergency Department provides a comprehensive service at both sites, the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) and the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH). Working as one department across two sites the unit treats over half a million patients a year and refers 50–70 patients per day to the hospital.

equipped operating theatres, plus a separate obstetric operating theatre. It also has a 4-bed Intensive Therapy Unit and 4-bed High Dependency Unit. RAMU (Rapid Access Medical Unit) is situated adjacent to the Emergency Department, providing fast turnaround care for medical patients. The team comprises 16

At the RSCH an average of 220 –260 patients are treated per day via a 24/7 consultant delivered service. Currently, the Emergency Department is rebuilding its facilities to include 8 new resuscitation rooms, one dedicated to children, and a further 10 Majors cubicles in addition to the existing 28 Majors cubicles with an assessment area for new arrivals. A CT scanner and plain X-ray are placed at the front door to comply with best practice in the treatment of Major Trauma. The department has two fully equipped operating theatres where suturing, manipulations and minor surgery are performed. A mix of Emergency doctors, GPs and ENPs see the walk-in patients in our adjoining Urgent Care Centre. A 30 bedded Medical Assessment Unit adjacent to the department where directly-referred medical patients are assessed. A 15 bedded Observation Ward/Clinical Decision Unit is managed by the team and used for patients with minor head injuries, minor overdoses, post-manipulation of fractures, softtissue infections and elderly patients awaiting Social Services back up.

consultants, three Associate Specialists, five registrars, six senior clinical fellows, three core trainees, 16 Foundation doctors, six GPVTS, two flexible trainees and two trust grade doctors, supported by approximately 110 nursing staff. Teaching Trainees are encouraged to attend the daily multidisciplinary ward round with medical and nursing staff, social workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapist, psychiatric liaison nurses, alcohol team nurses and the department pharmacist. A weekly participatory session

The Emergency Department at the PRH has a catchment population of approximately 150,000. It has four well-

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE delivered by internal and external speakers provides a platform for auditing trauma and severe illness data. The session is followed by a weekly business meeting. Trainees are also expected to attend the fortnightly Trauma Audit Meeting.

tion, Ultrasound, Pre-hospital Care and Critical Care. Research The department has a longstanding involvement in high quality research. Recently Projects include •RCT of Valdecoxib vs Tramadol. •The CRASH trial of corticosteroids in head injury (RLC UK Co-ordinator). •CRASH2 trial into bleeding in trauma (RLC UK Co-ordinator) •Evaluation of the LUCAS CPR device (joint study with SECAMB) •The GO-CART study (Blood Gases on arrival in cardiac arrest). •Interaction between the SMART bag and the LUCAS device. •Use of low dose naloxone after heroin overdose (Joint study with SECAMB)

The department also runs Advanced Trauma Life Support Courses (ATLS), Advanced Life Support Courses (ALS), Paediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) and Advanced Paediatric Life Support Courses (APLS) courses. As part of a dynamic and innovative team, trainees have the opportunity to gain experience in high quality UK Emergency Medicine and develop subspecialty interests in Toxicology, Medical Education, FCEM & CEM prepara-

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ENDOCRINOLOGY The Endocrinology and Diabetes Teams provide collaborative care across the two BSUH hospitals. Each site has their areas of regional and national expertise resulting in excellent care and training. BSUH is the regional specialist endocrine service and a centre for complex diabetes care.

specialist diabetes clinics: insulin pump clinics, renal diabetes, high-risk foot diabetes, monogenic diabetes, HIV and diabetes, transitional diabetes care, and diabetes in pregnancy clinics. Retinal screening is performed with the diabetes centre allowing the opportunity for wider training.

BSUH is also the regional centre for nephrology, neurosciences, trauma, cardiology, vascular surgery, HIV, paediatrics, ophthalmology, obstetrics and oncology. The D&E department has strong links with these teams which impact on the diabetes and endocrine service. This provides lots of opportunity to collaborate and interact with colleagues in other departments and well as across the wider region.

General diabetes care is provided by a consultant-led community diabetes service, ‘Diabetes Care for You’ giving exposure to community diabetes. There is a strong inpatient diabetes nursing team – Diabetes Direct - that provides a seven day inpatient service. SpRs work closely with this team to help care for the 20% of inpatients that have diabetes. The Diabetes and Endocrine teams have responsibility for a general medical ward at site on which Endocrinology and diabetes inpatients are cared for.

In additional to general endocrine clinics, there are subspecialist endocrine clinics for transgender patients; people with HIV; managing the late effects of childhood cancer; transitional care for young adults; thyroid nodules; thyroid cancer; and osteoporosis/metabolic bone disease. We hold pituitary, adrenal, parathyroid, thyroid cancer and thyroid eye disease MDTs.

Teaching At BSUH, there are many learning opportunities for trainees. We have weekly ‘Cake and Cases’ meetings, fortnightly departmental educational meetings and monthly MDT diabetes educational meetings. An MSc (including certificate and diploma) course in diabetes is run jointly with the Postgraduate Medical School. Students from Brighton and Sussex Medical School rotate through our firm and attend outpatient clinics.

BSUH is the regional centre for pituitary surgery, and the team includes neurooncologists, neuro-ophthalmologists, neuro-radiologists, pituitary specialist surgeons and specialist nurses. The team runs monthly, multidisciplinary pituitary clinics as well as fortnightly, regional case discussions via telelink. The department is the regional centre for the management of complex diabetes patients. The team run the following sub-

There is opportunity and expectation to be involved in teaching undergraduates. The department teaches pre-clinical medical students about diabetes and endocrinology and hosts third year and final year clinical students in their general medical and speciality training.

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ENDOCRINOLOGY

Research and Quality Improvement We strongly encourage trainees to participate in audit and service development. BSUH is proud to constantly evaluate and improve its service and encourages all members of the team to be involved. We support presentations at departmental meetings, Grand Rounds and submission of abstracts to National Diabetes and Endocrine meetings. We encourage writing up cases or short reports. There is the opportunity to be involved in research. The department recruits to national and international studies. We look forward to welcoming our first MD student to the department to build on the strengths of and links with the HIV team.

diabetes mellitus using a complex interplay of education, behaviour and technology. The specialty is predominantly out-patient based but also includes management of in-patients, particularly those with acute complications and emergencies. Endocrinology and diabetes training combines specialist and general (internal) medicine leading to an excellent grounding as a physician. The diversity of the specialty means many consultants subspecialise and are involved in cutting-edge research. Hormones are one of the basic ways in which the body regulates its function. When these controls go wrong there can be profound effects on a person’s life. These can range from changes in physical appearance, through important functions such as sex and reproduction, to psychological wellbeing. As endocrinologists and diabetologists, we are privileged to share the most intimate aspects of our patients’ lives and by correcting the underlying hormonal problems issues, relieve their problems.

Careers Advice Endocrinology and diabetes is one of the most challenging, rewarding and wide-ranging of the medical specialties. Endocrinology covers the abnormal production of hormones from endocrine glands and aspects of metabolic disease while diabetology is concerned with the management of patients with

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GASTROENTEROLOGY The Digestive Diseases Centre is a joint medical and surgical department within the Directorate of Abdominal Surgery and Medicine and managed by a multidisciplinary group.

England, outside of London, and has been running JAG-approved Basic Colonoscopy skills courses for the past five years. The unit also initiated the Bowel Cancer Screening programme across Sussex in 2008. The physician team comprises nine full time and one academic consultant gastroenterologists/ hepatologists, three F1 doctors, two CMT doctors, and five specialist trainees. Specialist interests include ERCP, cholangioscopy and EUS, oesophageal manometry/pH investigations, video capsule endoscopy, EMR/ESD, as well as nutrition and hepatology.

The centre includes a combined medical and surgical GI ward with 58 beds. There is one endoscopy room at the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) for upper and lower GI procedures and four endoscopy suites at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) as well as a digestive diseases out-patient suite adjacent to the consultation and examination rooms. The purpose built endoscopy unit at the RSCH undertakes flexible sigmoidoscopy, OGD, ERCP, endoscopic ultrasound and colonoscopy. The RSCH has the only JAG-approved endoscopy training centre in South East

Teaching The department offers an extensive local teaching programme and trainees are expected to participate in the weekly GI radiology meetings, hepatology

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GASTROENTEROLOGY meetings, GI pathology meetings, the IBD MDMs as well as the upper and lower GI cancer MDMs. Additionally, all trainees are encouraged to attend and present at the monthly clinical governance meetings and academic afternoons. There are daily consultant-led ward rounds and twice a week specific nutrition ward rounds are performed. Trainees can attend the weekly inflammatory bowel disease ‘super clinic’ consisting of a consultant gastroenterologist, consultant colorectal surgeon, specialist GI pharmacist and IBD specialist nurse.

virus (HCV) infection, HIV related liver disease, as well as clinical trials assessing new HCV drugs.

Research Staff at the Digestive Diseases Centre are involved and lead on research projects into alcoholic hepatitis, hepatitis C

Trainees are encouraged to contribute towards research activities within the department and further develop our innovative approach.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY

plenty of teaching and learning opportunities. The weekly timetable is very flexible and allows me to attend four endoscopy sessions as well as two clinics and I still have time to conduct my research.

Dr Nabil Siddique I chose to do my final year at BSUH because of the department’s nutrition and endoscopy, one of my subspecialties.

I enjoyed working with the endoscopy team, because the unit is well run and the consultants are very supportive. I also appreciate that I have the opportunity to teach medical students and junior doctors and I find this aspect of my work particularly rewarding.

I am the senior Registrar and my post has a General Internal Medicine (GIM) commitment, however my GIM commitment is significantly less than in previous placements and I can spend more time on my work on the wards and in endoscopy.

Living in Brighton is a fantastic experience with its cosmopolitan population and the lure of both the bright lights of the city and the wide open spaces of the Sussex countryside nearby. The sea is visible from most of level 9 in the Thomas Kemp Tower, where the Digestive Diseases Centre is based, which can be a much needed tonic after a long day.

The ward is well staffed with junior doctors and daily consultant ward rounds offer

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GENERAL SURGERY General Surgery is a wide ranging specialty and incorporates surgical conditions of the GI tract from oesophagus to anus, the breast, transplantation (kidney, pancreas, liver), trauma (abdomen, thorax and general management), endocrine surgery, hernia, some skin conditions, initial assessment of patients with peripheral vascular disease, as well as the general surgery of childhood.

gery. Trainees at BSUH are based within the Digestive Diseases unit or the Department of Vascular Surgery and have access to the following subspecialties: colorectal, benign UGI, upper GI restrictions, breast oncoplasty and vascular surgery. Digestive Disease Unit In the Digestive Disease Unit the full range of GI surgery is undertaken, with the exception of hepatobiliary resections. There is a large volume of endoscopy performed, both therapeutic and diagnostic and the department has a large emergency commitment with an average of 15 admissions per day. There are three upper GI and six colorectal surgeons, five registrars and five senior staff grade surgeons supported by a full compliment of foundation doctors and core trainees, as well as nursing staff.

In order to gain the CCT in general surgery all trainees will acquire the knowledge, clinical and technical skills to the competency levels defined for ST8 in elective and emergency general surgery. They will all accumulate the knowledge, clinical and technical skills to the competency levels defined for ST6 in gastrointestinal surgery and competency levels defined for ST4 in breast, transplant, vascular and endocrine sur-

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GENERAL SURGERY Teaching In addition to daily ward rounds, the department is involved in the Inflammatory Bowel Disease MDT and the Anal and Colorectal Cancer MDT meetings. Trainees are encouraged to attend the regular departmental meetings, the colorectal surgery team meetings, the clinical governance as well as the morbidity and mortality meetings. There are weekly operating lists at both RSCH and PRH sites as well as x-ray meetings, journal clubs and academic sessions with the opportunity to present research or interesting cases.

local anaesthesia and also under General anaesthesia with Trans cranial Doppler monitoring is performed. There is a well equipped Endovascular Theatre (mobile Unit) and an Interventional Radiology suite in the Radiology department. Magnetic Resonance Angiography is routinely used and there are several CT scanners including a 64-slice CT scanner at the PRH site.

Vascular Surgery The Department of Vascular Surgery provides emergency services to a catchment population of approximately 800.000. The unit performs the entire range of vascular and endovascular procedures, including thoracic aortic interventions, supported by the Regional Cardiothoracic centre. The regional renal service is also based at the BSUH and the vascular surgeons and radiologists support creation and maintenance of renal access for dialysis.

There are six Vascular Surgeons supported by four Interventional Radiologists who provide a round the clock service for Vascular Emergency. The non invasive vascular laboratory is well equipped and staffed by three full-time, one part time and one trainee vascular scientist, providing a high quality service for duplex scanning and other non invasive assessment. The Unit took part in the pilot scheme for training of Vascular surgeons in Vascular ultrasound jointly organised by the Vascular Society, Royal College of Surgeons and Society for Vascular Technologists.

On an average two Endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs (EVARs) are performed every week. As a high proportion of aneurysms are treated by endovascular technique, these procedures include complex interventions. The unit is approved by the Vascular Society for Fellowship in Endovascular Surgery sponsored by Cook Ltd. There is a high volume and quality service for carotid surgery with multidisciplinary group of stroke physician, neurologist, vascular sonographers, radiologists and anaesthetists. Carotid endarterectomy under

Teaching There is a weekly multi-disciplinary meeting between the surgeons and radiologists, and once a month there is a Carotid / stroke MDM. There is a wide variety of opportunities to participate in new and ongoing research projects. 39


GENITO-URINARY MEDICINE The Genitourinary Medicine (GUM) department provides sexually transmitted infection (STI) contraception and HIV management services for the local population of over 250 000.

is now an operational delivery network for the treatment of Hepatitis C. The Unit is nationally and internationally recognised for its contribution to HIV research and participates in a large number of HIV studies, both commercially sponsored and funded by external bodies.

HIV Medicine Brighton has a high HIV seroprevalence (13.7% in men who have sex with men) and has one of the largest cohorts of HIV positive individuals in the UK with over 2350 patients currently under follow up. The team works within a multidisciplinary framework of care and management: there is a pharmacistled antiretroviral clinic and a dedicated dietetic service and the department has well-established links or joint clinics with renal medicine, endocrinology, hepatology, psychology, psychiatry, gastroenterology, oncology, neurology, cardiology and obstetrics.

There are strong links with neighbouring clinics via the Sussex HIV Network, including those in Hastings, Eastbourne, Crawley, Worthing and Chichester. The services link closely with the Community HIV Team and the Sussex Beacon, a continuing care facility based in Bevendean Road, and there are also strong links with voluntary services providing HIV health and social care, such as THT, Lunch Positive and Peer Action. GUM/contraception Genitourinary Medicine and Contraception now offer an integrated Sexual Health and Contraception (SHAC) service in Brighton and Hove which in-

HIV and HBV/HCV co-infected patients are managed in joint clinics and BSUH

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GENITO-URINARY MEDICINE cludes the local Chlamydia Screening Programme. Clinics are provided at SHAC East for booked appointments, (at the Royal Sussex County Hospital site, with approx. 25,000 annual attendances) and at the Morley Street site, SHAC Central, for daily walk in and wait clinics (central Brighton, with approx. 12,000 annual attendances) and SHAC West a nurse led daily drop in for <25’s. The department provides specialist clinics for adolescents, sex workers, gay and bisexual men, trans people, and those with complex contraception or sexual health problems. There is a rapid testing service for HIV and a fast-track service for victims of sexual assault and sex workers. Teaching There is formal teaching on Wednesdays in the form of a weekly academic morning with a rota encompassing internal and external invited speakers, conference feedbacks, Audit/QIP, M&M, journal club, research and therapeutics as well as management meetings. At a weekly viral load meeting all patients starting or switching anti retroviral therapy, resistance tests and TDM are discussed. Informal teaching is available in the form of multiple joint clinics as listed above, team meetings, a weekly MDT ward round, MDT’s in TB and radiology, as well as a weekly ID case presentation. Engagement in research is strongly encouraged and trainees are supported with submission of abstracts to annual BASHH and BHIVA conferences.

sex House on the RSCH site. The unit has been involved in clinical research since 1988, however more recently it has broadened its activities to include more nationally funded projects in collaboration with Brighton and Sussex Medical Schools and the National Institute for Health Research. Main areas of research include HIV treatment studies, HIV prevention studies, HIV co-infection with Hep C, HIV and Ageing, novel methods of increasing HIV testing with vending machines, an HIV stigma campaign and aspects of Sexual Health. The department is involved in the EUROSIDA study, and within the UK in UK CHIC and the National HIV drug resistance database.

Research The HIV/GUM Research Department is based in the Elton John Centre in Sus-

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GERIATRICS The Department of Elderly Care at Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH) operates collaboratively across the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) and Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) sites. Our focus is on person centred, individualised care and our work is characterised by a multidisciplinary and holistic approach.

pairment. Daily board rounds are carried out on each ward with the multidisciplinary team to enable early discharge planning and rehabilitation plans. Princess Royal Hospital At the Princess Royal Hospital, there is a ‘joint take’ of emergency admissions – both general medical as well as elderly patients. Elderly care is provided by 4 geriatricians across two wards including the specialist dementia unit. Our multiprofessional team works together closely and liaises with carers and families of patients in order to provide holistic care, rehabilitation and timely discharges. Trainees will gain experience in managing problems affecting older patients including frailty, multimorbidity, polypharmacy, falls, dementia, delirium and end of life care. There will be opportunities to attend specialty clinics, including the

Royal Sussex County Hospital The department consists of 8 consultant Geriatricians. We operate a front door ‘frailty service’ in A&E and the Acute Assessment Unit which enables frail older people to be assessed by Geriatricians and the frailty team at the time of admission. Beyond the acute admission, patients are cared for across four specialist elderly medicine wards, including an award-winning unit treating medical problems in patients with cognitive im-

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GERIATRICS daily Rapid Access Clinic for Older People (RACOP) and Parkinson’s disease clinics. Across both sites, the department comprises twelve consultants, eight registrars, eight F1 doctors and twelve F2 / SHO doctors. Teaching Each trainee will have a clinical supervisor to support their professional development. Patient safety is at the centre of our department – we hold monthly M&Ms and frequent ward based After Action Reviews to enable reflective learning. Quality Improvement Projects are encouraged and discussed at weekly departmental teaching on Thursday lunchtimes. Trainees will support the teaching of medical students working with the department, predominantly those in their 3rd and 5th year of training. Research and audit The department has a strong research base through and all trainees will be encouraged to participate in research projects. Research interests include antibiotic-associated diarrhoea, vascular compliance and better targeting of antidepressant therapy. There is an active audit program which trainees will be expected to contribute towards. physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech and language therapists, clinical psychology and social services. The unit is busy seeing around 700 stroke patients a year, with an average length of stay of 10-11 days. There are 6 dedicated stroke consultants. There are close links with A&E and the early supported discharge team. Complex inpatient stroke rehabilitation is provided at PRH (about 15% of our stroke patients are transferred here).

Stroke Medicine The hyper acute stroke unit looks after patients across the whole stroke pathway, from acute presentation to discharge. We provide a consultant-led 24hour thrombolysis service and intraarterial thrombectomy (currently in hours only), as well as a 7 day a week TIA service. There is an active multidisciplinary team including nursing staff,

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HAEMATOLOGY The Haematology Department at Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH) provides care for the population of around 500,000 people spread over an area of around 100 square miles. Every year over 8000 patients with blood disorders and conditions such as myeloma, myelofibrosis, acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), acute lymphoid leukaemia (ALL), chronic lymphoid leukaemia (CLL), essential thrombocythaemia, are seen in out-patient clinics, either referred by their GP or for appointments to review their health.

patients per year. In the Haematology Day Unit there are 6 seated areas for patients to receive chemotherapy, transfusions and other medications, providing treatment to over 5000 patients per year. The physician team comprises four full time consultants, two part time consultants and one academic senior clinical lecturer. The team has two SpRs on rotation from King’s College in London, two Internal Medical Trainees and one F1. The Laboratory The Haematology Department is also responsible for the running of the hospital laboratory, where blood tests from all over the hospital and the surrounding

The haematology ward has ten beds and four side rooms for about 1000 in-

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HAEMATOLOGY

GP practices are analysed. 900 full blood count blood tests are processed every day, a proportion of these requiring blood film examinations. The unit also processes blood transfusion requests along with platelet transfusions. Every year around 5100 blood transfusions are organised. The unit comprises a routine and specialist coagulation laboratory and specialist immunophenotyping takes place on site.

ing sessions on morphology and practical microscopy sessions in the Lab. A programme of weekly haematooncology teaching sessions has been set up for juniors. Research The Brighton Haematology team are involved in on-going research at the haematology research laboratory at the University of Sussex as well as the Clinical Investigation and Research Unit at the Royal Sussex County Hospital. Trainees participating in research and audit projects are required to complete the Research and Research Governance induction session. The current local portfolio of clinical trials includes those for patients with MDS, AML, Myeloma, CLL and NHL.

Teaching Trainees are encouraged to participate in the weekly governance and educational meetings, the multidisciplinary team meetings, the lunchtime journal clubs as well as the audit meetings. Training activities are balanced to enhance clinical, diagnostic, morphological as well as lab skills, with regular teach-

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HISTOPATHOLOGY The Histopathology training at Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH) is based in the Cellular Pathology service, which is managed as one department across two sites.

HIV medicine, Orthopaedic Surgery, Urology, Ophthalmology, Oncology, Thyroid and Renal Medicine.

Histopathology and cytopathology laboratory facilities are located primarily at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH). Frozen section facilities are located at both the RSCH, as well as the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH). At both sites, the department is in purpose built accommodation and located close to the other pathology disciplines and units.

The Trust is a Calman Cancer Centre, and primary and review work from the Sussex Cancer Centre represents a significant proportion of the caseload. The annual workload includes about 6,600 Non-Gynaecological Cytology Requests and 34,000 Histopathology requests. The team comprises thirteen consultant Histopathologists, two clinical specialist registrars and six specialist registrars ranging from ST1 to ST6.

The department supports a wide range of clinical specialties. These include Breast Screening and Surgery, Cardiology, Chest Medicine, Dermatology, Head and Neck Surgery, Gynaecology , Medical and Surgical Gastroenterology,

The Laboratory The pathology laboratories at BSUH provide comprehensive and responsive pathology services for BSUH hospitals, GPs and other community-based primary care services.

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HISTOPATHOLOGY scope projection and teleconferencing facilities. Trainees will participate in cutup, microscopy including both histology and cytopathology. The option to perform post mortems is also available, although these are not on site at the Hospital. Audit work is an ongoing process within the department and involvement with such work is expected as part of the training programme

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Ceri Morgan I graduated from St Georges Medical school in 2012 and following foundation years on the South Coast, I completed Core Medical training with a view to doing Haematology. I developed an interest in Haematopathology while I was on Haematology rotation and then took a slight detour and applied for Histopathology training at Brighton in 2016.

Teaching Trainees are encouraged to participate in regular governance and educational meetings, the multidisciplinary team meetings and audit meetings. In the weekly ‘Black box meetings’ staff discuss up to ten particularly interesting or challenging cases. Training activities are balanced to enhance clinical, macroscopic assessment and microscopic interpretation with regular one on one microscopic reporting and teaching with consultants.

Histopathology training at Brighton is diverse as nearly all surgical disciplines are catered for here. As a trainee we need to have a working knowledge of surgical techniques for specimen cut up, as well as cellular morphology and more recently molecular diagnostics, again a service provided here at Brighton. Full participation by trainees at multidisciplinary meetings here is encouraged, something which at first can be daunting, but ultimately fosters close ties with our Surgical, Radiological and Oncological colleagues.

Multidisciplinary team meetings are held regularly with the main clinical specialties. The department supports 11 regular MDT meetings each week, together with five additional monthly meetings. These are principally supported by the lead pathologist for each specialty, with cover provided internally as required.

Post mortem training at Brighton is great with ample opportunity given to trainees to participate in the rota. On average trainees can do at least one post mortem under senior supervision per week.

Most MDT meetings are held in the Sussex Cancer Centre, in a dedicated meeting room with AV equipment, micro-

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INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE The Critical Care Department provides intensive care services to both BSUH adult hospitals, the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton and the Princess Royal Hospital in Haywards Heath.

ties. The PRH Intensive Care Unit admits around 600 per year with 62% medical and 38% surgical admissions. There are 18 consultants in critical care covering the units at all times. The junior critical care team consists of 22 junior doctors with varying parent specialties. These posts are mainly based at the RSCH; although, a portion of training is delivered at PRH.

The Critical Care Unit at the PRH has 12 beds, the RSCH in Brighton has 31 beds, both caring for medical and surgical critically ill patients. In addition, the cardiac unit runs ten beds for patients requiring level 2 -3 care.

Teaching The training programme will be tailored to every trainee’s specific requirements and is significantly influenced by the trainee’s previous experience and placements. Specialty Trainees in year 3-4 usually focus on further developing their core competencies and extend their general ICM experience. ST5 to ST6 level training emphasises sub-specialty ICM including cardiothoracic, neurosciences and paediatric ICM, in addition to general ICM. ST7 trainees consolidated

The department has the computerised medical records system, Metavision, and the front-end terminals allow access to PACS images, ICE, TOXBASE and multidisciplinary department guidelines. Critical Care admits an unselected take of medical and surgical adult patients, in addition to booked elective post-surgical cases. The RSCH Intensive Care Unit admits around 2000 patients a year; 42% surgical and 58% medical special-

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INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE

their ICM knowledge preparing to become consultants. A series of training courses are delivered in house, including the BASIC Course, ICM for Anaesthetists, Transfer course, ALERT course, FICE and FICM exam revision course. BSE training is specifically offered to the Echo ICM fellows. Trainees also have the opportunity of attending meetings with invited speakers in related fields, including Emergency Medicine, Medicine and Grand Rounds.

at the evening ward rounds. Trainees are encouraged to participate in the monthly journal club, the morbidity and mortality meetings, as well as the clinical governance meetings. The department provides dedicated, bleep-free, weekly teaching on Tuesdays. Research The Intensive Care Research team has a good track record of conducting, presenting and publishing clinical research in ICM related topics. Projects include research into sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), shock, biochemical markers, optimisation and nutrition, as well as risk assessment in patients with traumatic brain injury. ICM staff are also involved in a significant number of audit and quality improvement projects. Trainees are expected to complete and present a project, collaborate in other audits and collect data for ICNARC during their time in critical care.

Trainees also have access to an extensive PowerPoint lecture presentation library, a reference library with ready access to bench books in the Consultant’s office, the Clinical Information System (CIS e-library), the European online modular teaching programme in ICM (PACT) and IRIS (an online e-learning resource). Local teaching is delivered in the daily, multidisciplinary ward rounds in the morning, lunchtime microbiology consultant led ward rounds, as well as

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MICROBIOLOGY/INFECTIOUS DISEASES The Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Service provides specialist services across all specialities within the hospital, general practice and functions as a tertiary hub for Infectious diseases and Tropical Medicine across the Kent, Surrey, Sussex region. It also provides ongoing care of infection inpatients on a dedicated inpatient unit. Approximately 35% samples sent to the laboratory come from general practice. The Microbiology and Infectious Diseases laboratory is accredited under the IBMS as a training laboratory for Bacteriology and Virology and it participates in a comprehensive range of quality control schemes (UKNEQAS).

ees are expected to attend the weekly ID radiology meetings and Clinical Infection meetings (held jointly with the HIV team and Microbiology colleagues) as well as the weekly, consultantmoderated journal clubs and clinical bedside teaching. Registrars are encouraged to present cases regularly at the Friday clinical meetings and to supervise presentations undertaken by the CMTs, F2s and F1s. They also attend and present at

The Infection team consists of 10 consultants (two Medical Microbiologists, one Medical Virologist, four infectious diseases consultants, three joint ID-MM consultants), four registrars and three Foundation/CMT Trainees. The microbiology and infectious diseases consultants work closely together to provide an integrated Clinical Microbiology and Infection Service and to support the programme for joint trainees in Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. The team receives an average of 30-40 consultation requests per month . Teaching The department runs a Rapid Access Infectious Diseases clinic on Wednesday mornings and a routine ID clinic on Wednesday afternoons, to which the Infection trainees contribute. Each clinic is followed by a detailed debrief with the consultant in charge. There is also a weekly OPAT clinic on Fridays. Train-

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MICROBIOLOGY/INFECTIOUS DISEASES The Laboratory The laboratory provides routine bacteriology and mycology analyses to Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals and general practices in the Brighton and Hove PCT, as well as the Mid-Sussex PCT catchment areas. Virology and food/water/environmental work is undertaken for East and West Sussex and the southern part of Surrey. Laboratories in Kent, Sussex and Surrey are provided with a series of specialist tests. The unit has a molecular suite to facilitate PCR-based tests for a variety of agents, including influenza, cytomegalovirus and Herpes simplex. Other equipment includes Abbott Architect, Diasorin Liaison, Rotagene 3,000, Roche Lightcycler 2.0 and 480, Magnapure Classic and Compact, Abbott M2000 and M2000 RT, BD Viper, Biomerieux BacTalert, BacTalert 3D,Vitek and Menarini Sedimax. It is planned to fully establish Abbott HIV protease sequencing, BD Bactec FX, Midgit and Phoenix plus BD Epicentre.

the monthly Research, Audit and Governance meetings. Attendance and regular presentation at the multi-professional Grand Rounds and GIM ‘Hot Cases’ are additional fixtures. Each trainee is funded by HE-KSS to attend the Oxford Bone Infection Conference, Liverpool Neurological Infections workshop and PHE Infection Control workshop at least once during their time on the programme.

The laboratory information management system is Clinisys for Clinical Microbiology and GP Order Comms (Anglia Ice) is being rolled out. An electronic reporting system communicates test results to wards and general practice.

There are extensive opportunities available to undertake audit and research, taking advantage of our close academic links with BSMS and the Institute of Global Health. Trainees are encouraged to apply for NIHR academic fellowships or clinical lectureships (as well as other research fellowships funded by bodies such as the MRC and Wellcome Trust) to support research for a higher degree.

There are 53 Biomedical Scientific staff on site (35 bacteriology, 11 virology, seven FEW) and their current annual workload figures are as follows: Bacteriology 250,000 samples Virology/serology 160,000 samples Food/water/environment 18,000 samples

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NEUROLOGY The Sussex Neurological Centre is a tertiary referral centre based within the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) providing a full set of services to patients suffering disorders of the brain and nervous system. The Department maintains close links with the Neurosurgical Team based at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) through multidisciplinary meetings and joint educational sessions, and is complemented by the on-site Neuropsychology, Neuroradiology and Neurophysiology Teams.

highly-experienced and friendly nursing staff, healthcare assistants, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, dieticians and speech and language therapists complement the role of our junior doctor team which comprises five registrars (ST3 and above) and at least three SHOs (one FY2 and two Internal Medicine Trainees). There are 18 Consultant Neurologists linked to the Centre providing expertise throughout Sussex including specialist clinics for Multiple Sclerosis, Cognitive Disorders, Epilepsy, Sleep Disorders, Movement Disorders, Headache, Neuro-Ophthalmology and Motor Neuron Disease.

The Neurology ward, Clayton Ward, has capacity for 15 inpatients including a dedicated side-room for EEG Video Telemetry. A Planned Investigation Unit also operates on a daily basis to enable rapid investigation and review for patients requiring Neuroimaging and CSF analysis as well as regular infusion treatment for chronic conditions such as MS and CIDP. An excellent team of

Teaching The inpatient Neurology service operates a “Consultant of the Week� model providing an excellent basis for training on ward rounds and following review of ward referrals within PRH, where the majority of training is pro-

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NEUROLOGY WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY

with the Neurosurgical, Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Departments and additional learning opportunities within Stroke and Neurorehabilitation services.

Dr Andrew Barritt The Sussex Neuroscience service has evolved significantly since I first began working within the Neurology Department as a senior house officer, and the Department’s spirit has always been very much towards multidisciplinary team working and a personalised, professional service for its patients.

I also had the privilege to work at The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery for one year and further develop my experience of complex and subspecialty Neurology. Local research opportunities are available through the thriving Neurosciences division at the University of Sussex. During an out-of-programme research (OOPR) period I recently completed a PhD project designed with Profs Nigel Leigh and Mara Cercignani. I investigated how novel magnetic resonance brain imaging techniques might provide a deeper understanding of neurodegenerative mechanisms in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (motor neuron disease).

The welcoming atmosphere and a wellsupported environment made my decision to return for SpR training an easy one. The advantage of the Sussex Neurology training programme being based primarily at one site has enabled me to establish strong and friendly links with colleagues and follow individual patients over an extended period of time. There are close ties

*Dr Andrew Barritt recently became a consultant Neurologist at BSUH.

vided. Registrars undertake at least two outpatient clinics per week under consultant supervision comprising patients experiencing acute, general or specialised neurological conditions. There are weekly Neuroradiology meetings, Departmental educational afternoons and ward-based teaching sessions for all trainees which provide great opportunities to present and discuss interesting cases and share ideas with colleagues.

tached to the ward with Registrars and SHOs able to perform their own small group bed-side teaching of clinical skills. Trainees are also encouraged to participate in clinical audit and present these and interesting cases at local, regional, national or international conferences. Research There is an expanding portfolio of research linked to the Universities of Brighton and Sussex within the fields of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. The Department is very active in clinical trials and has a dedicated trials team involved in Phase II and III interventional trials into Epilepsy, Motor Neuron Disease, MS and atypical Parkinsonian disorders such as MSA, PSP and CBD.

Registrars in Training will attend the excellent monthly teaching days at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in London which are logged towards achievement of the yearly ARCP. Medical students from Brighton and Sussex Medical School are regularly at53


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NEUROSURGERY The Neurosurgery Department at the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH) deals with the diagnosis and treatment of pathological processes, which affect the nervous system. Its remit includes the operative, non-operative, intensive care management and rehabilitation of patients with disorders affecting the brain and skull, spine, as well as the nervous system.

Staff have been major contributors to the BNTRC run Chronic Subdural Haematoma and External Venticular Drain Audit. and have recently significantly contributed to the RESCUE-ICP study and STASH Study. The research team includes a neurosurgical research nurse as well as a research registrar and is supported by the Trust’s R & D department.

Neuroscience services are co-located with cardiac, renal and other essential specialist services at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH), enabling the Brighton site to develop as the Sussex Regional Centre for Trauma care. The unit covers all aspects of Neurosurgical practice, including Cranial & Spinal Trauma, Neuro-Oncology, Complex Skull Base Surgery, Complex CerebroVascular Surgery, Pituitary Surgery, Spinal Surgery Including Spinal Tumors, Neuro-modulation For Pain, Surgery For Trigeminal Neuralgia, Surgery For Hydrocephalus and Neuro-Endoscopy. Research The department is research active with links to the BSMS medical school and research projects with the School of Biological Science, School of Life Science, Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Imaging Science Centre and Department of Psychosocial Oncology. Trainees are encouraged to join the British Neurosurgical Trainees Research Collaborative and the department prides itself in having trainee principal investigators currently running the RESCUEASDH study and DEX-CSDH study.

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NUCLEAR MEDICINE The Nuclear Medicine Department forms part of the department of Imaging and Nuclear Medicine and delivers a wide range of diagnostic radionuclide imaging and therapeutic services.

The department was benchmarked as one of the top five departments on governance, patient involvement and good practice sharing and since January 2015 has achieved ISAS (Imaging Services Accreditation Scheme) accreditation.

The Imaging and Nuclear Medicine department provides over 330,000 diagnostic and interventional examinations per year, of which about 100,000 are required by in- and outpatients at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH), the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH) and the Hove Polyclinic in Brighton, as well as the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) in Haywards Heath and the Clinical Imaging Science Centre (CISC) based at Falmer.

Overall, the unit employs around 260 staff across all sites, including 37 consultants, 20 Registrars (plus five occasional Ministry of Defence trainees) and F2s. The Nuclear Medicine service has a state of the art 16 slice Siemens Symbia SPECT/CT camera at RSCH and a GE Infinia Hawkeye SPECT/CT camera at PRH along with a PET-CT 64 slice Biograph Siemens which is located at CISC. At RSCH there is a dedicated

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NUCLEAR MEDICINE and haematopoietic imaging, infection/ inflammation imaging studies and in vitro non-imaging studies. More than 800 paediatric studies are performed by the department each year. Radiopharmacy The department also has an in-house Radiopharmacy unit which produces the radiopharmaceuticals for 4 hospitals within BSUH and East Sussex Healthcare Trust (ESHT). The team also run a blood labelling service which includes white cell labelling for infection imaging and red cell mass studies for patients suffering from Polycythaemia. Equipment includes an Amercare Isolator and dedicated Cell Labelling Isolator. Teaching Twice weekly thyroid clinics are held dealing with patients with benign thyroid conditions and a multidisciplinary Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) thyroid clinic is held monthly together with a cytologist and endocrine surgeon. Other treatments include a bone targeted 223Radium dichloride treatment clinic that is held weekly. Trainees are involved in regular reporting sessions and clinics with consultants who contribute towards the lymphoma and thyroid MDT meetings.

cardiac gamma camera (GE Ventri), a GE D630 dual head gamma camera with a Xeleris GE workstation, as well as an In Vitro Sample counter.

Research Trainees have extensive opportunities to contribute towards the department’s nuclear medicine research trials as well as other research and audit projects, particularly the department’s dynamic functional molecular imaging and multimodality research activities.

Across all sites, Nuclear Medicine conducts approximately 12500 examinations per year, including FDG PET/CT, bone, static and dynamic renal, lung, endocrine, tumour imaging, nuclear cardiology, brain imaging and lymphatic

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OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology provides a comprehensive service at both sites, the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) in Brighton and the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH).

gynaecology ward. The department comprises a fetal assessment unit (DAU), and an early pregnancy unit, equipped with ultrasound and hormonal assays. The Sussex Gynae Cancer Centre, the Day Case Unit and a dedicated Outpatients Department and Colposcopy Unit are located at the RSCH.

At the RSCH, the department deals with approximately 3500 deliveries per annum. The labour ward consists of 10 delivery rooms, 2 high risk delivery rooms, a theatre and a pool birthing room. There are antenatal clinics and wards with ultrasound and Doppler facilities, a post natal ward, as well as a 10 bedded

At the PRH the department deals with over 2,400 deliveries per year and the maternity ward for ante and post-natal patients has 34 beds. Facilities for intrapartum monitoring as well as an excellent ultrasound service are provided and a 24-hour epidural service is available. The Gynaecology Unit (Horsted Keynes Ward) comprises 12 in-patient beds, an early pregnancy assessment service and an ambulatory diagnostic and therapeutic gynaecological endoscopy service. The unit provides in a purpose-built gynaecological endoscopy and colposcopy suite and trainees are able to obtain RCOG recognised special skills training in gynaecological ultrasound and gain valuable experience in outpatient office hysteroscopy. Across both sites the team comprises 17 consultants, 16 specialist doctors at registrar level, four ST1/2 -, four Foundation - and nine GP trainees. Specialist areas including infertility, urogynaecology, fetal and maternal medicine, early pregnancy and gynaeoncology are covered by consultants within the department. Teaching The department provides weekly ST1/2 and ST3+ tutorials, regular simulation

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OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY

gained valuable experiences from dealing with interesting and unusual maternal and fetal cases.

Dr Katie Fraser

I particularly appreciated the learning opportunities I had in gynaecology. The RSCH has the main oncology department in the region, with an excellent body of consultants and nurse specialists and I had access to major operating lists and colposcopy clinics.

I have spent all of my training – medical school, foundation years and specialty training – in London and moving to Brighton was initially a life-style decision for me. In London I felt claustrophobic and detached from the patient group and I realised that I needed a change. At BSUH my work is varied and interesting. We have a busy labour ward and several specialist antenatal clinics. With good neonatal facilities we are able to accept complex cases from other units and I

sessions in obstetrics as well as monthly journal clubs. Trainees are encouraged to participate in the monthly multidisciplinary perinatal meetings, the weekly CTG meetings and the monthly half-day Audit and Clinical Governance meetings.

I had the opportunity to train in minimal access surgery and at the PRH I was involved in a multitude of day-case procedures. Because RSCH and PRH are teaching hospitals, there is always the chance to engage in training of junior doctors and medical students – an activity which I found very rewarding. My life’s ambition is to care for patients with whom I can build relationships and I want to be able to provide them with continuity in their care. Moving to Brighton has re-energised me and my drive to being a competent and effective doctor.

Colposcopy clinics, oncology and infertility clinics are provided on a regular basis. Uro-gynaecology & urodynamic clinics are held at Lewes Victoria Hospital.

There are weekly risk management and monthly maternity risk management meetings, regular consultant ward rounds and skills drills.

BSUH provides supervision for the majority of ATSMs (Advanced Training Skills Modules) relevant for ST6/7 trainees. In addition to the skills training, the department facilitates training in advanced laparoscopic procedures and operative hysteroscopy.

Trainees can choose to attend joint antenatal clinics with neonatologists and surgeons, which include high-risk medical/obstetrics clinics and birth option clinics, as well as a large GU/HIV clinic.

Research The department facilitates research opportunities for trainees and encourages students to participate in its Independent Research Program (IRP).

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ONCOLOGY The Sussex Cancer Centre provides cancer treatment for the majority of patients who live in Sussex extending from Rye in the east, to Littlehampton in the west, and north to Crawley with a catchment population of approximately 1.1 million people.

-iodine or brachytherapy, elective procedures (pleural or ascitic drains etc.), or complications/symptoms of cancer requiring symptom management. Cancer patients may also be cared for on the Haematolo-oncology ward. The department comprises 25 consultants, two Foundation doctors, 2 core medical trainees and a team of Specialist Registrars who cover the ward on rotation.

This region has an incidence of cancer above the national average due to the higher average age of the population. Clinics and treatment also take place in Hastings, Eastbourne, Haywards Heath and Worthing hospitals with local delivery of chemotherapy and a radiotherapy satellite unit in Eastbourne.

Teaching Trainees are encouraged to contribute towards the daily ward rounds and the weekly ward meeting with all consultants, which includes ‘Difficult Cases’ presentations. A weekly Journal Club focuses on modern oncology practice including chemotherapy, molecular therapeutics and radiotherapy. Each tumour site also has multidisciplinary team meetings to discuss the care of individual patients. The Foundation Doctors coordinate a long standing audit of the

If inpatient care is required cancer patients are admitted to Courtyard 8 ward, which has nine beds. The patients admitted to the ward will usually fall into one of five clear categories: Investigation, complications of cancer treatment, treatment including chemotherapy, radio

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ONCOLOGY

care of neutropenic patients as well as gaining experience in managing acute infection and oncological emergencies (such as malignant spinal cord compression and hypercalcaemia),. Additionally, they are trained in diagnostic and therapeutic interventions such as paracentesis and pleural aspiration.

grees with Brighton and Sussex Medical School. One is involved in a high profile research project in collaboration with The Royal Marsden Hospital and The Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre, examining the management of elderly patients with aggressive brain tumours. The study aims at individualising treatment strategies and assessing patients’ clinical parameters alongside targeted research activity into imaging and molecular biomarkers.

Research The Sussex Cancer Centre is actively involved in research and employs a full time research manager, as well as several research nurses and radiographers. The research trials run by the Centre are endorsed by the NCRN (National Cancer Research Network) and are often national or international studies requiring many hundreds of patients. Currently the centre also employs two research fellows registered for higher de-

The other fellow is setting up a national study looking at the quality of life experienced by patients after treatment for bladder cancer and the long term side effects of surgery or radiotherapy treatment. Her project also explores the use of a mobile app as a platform for novel data collection tools.

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OPHTHALMOLOGY The Sussex Eye Hospital (SEH) serves a population of approximately 500,000 and a sub specialist referral population of over 1 million. The ophthalmology department provides a comprehensive service at the SEH and holds satellite clinics at the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH). Our ophthalmology services comprise a 24-hour ophthalmic accident and emergency service as well as diagnosis and treatment of cataract, glaucoma, agerelated macular degeneration and diabetic eye disease. Trainees have the opportunity to gain experience in paediatric ophthalmology, neuroophthalmology, orthoptics, vitreo-retinal surgery, corneal service, as well as lid, oculoplastic and ophthalmic reconstructive surgery. Ophthalmic surgery is performed at the PRH (cataracts) and the SEH (all ophthalmic surgery including cataracts). The close proximity to the

Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) allows for specialist investigations and co-operation with other disciplines. The Sussex Eye Hospital has a complement of nine Consultant Ophthalmologists, five Fellows (vitreoretinal, med retina, ant segment, plastics, glaucoma), four ophthalmic surgical trainees (OST2-7), one Associate Specialist and one Trust grade doctor.

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OPHTHALMOLOGY

Teaching A weekly regional study afternoon takes place in Brighton and twice a term in Eastbourne or Hastings. The events are in the format of clinical grand rounds, lectures delivered by visiting speakers or local speakers, as well as audit and clinical governance sessions.

contribute to projects on wet macular degeneration, vein occlusions, genetic polymorphism, optic neuritis treatment, diabetic macular oedema and macular oedema. Staff is also involved in a variety of research projects investigating corneal astigmatism and modern intraocular lenses as well as femtosecond laser cataract surgery. The team has a particular interest in intraocular lens delivering systems and anterior segment anatomy with ultrasound biomicroscopy.

Trainees from Brighton, Redhill, Eastbourne and Hastings are invited to the weekly lunchtime fluorescein and OCT teaching sessions. They also have opportunity and are encouraged to present in these sessions.

Other projects explore central retinal vein occlusion and diabetic retinopathy as well as nanoparticle behaviour in human and artificial skin-muscle tissue.

Research The ophthalmology research team is involved in high profile research projects and trials and trainees are invited to

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ORTHOPAEDICS The Orthopaedic Department is spread across all the Brighton and Sussex University Hospital trust (BSUH) sites including the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH), the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH), the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH) and the Sussex Orthopaedic Treatment Centre (SOTC). Acute trauma including fracture clinics are held at the RSCH and elective work is done at the PRH either within the Trust or SOTC. The department sees over 3000 acute admissions and approximately 5000 elective cases per year and covers all specialties, including spinal surgery and paediatrics. The department comprises 25 consultants,12 registrars and 10 CT 1/2 level doctors. The Trust has also recently received national awards for its innovative Virtual Fracture Clinic service.

proactively seek training opportunities to develop their surgical expertise. In addition to the weekly, formal teaching sessions, Clinical Governance meetings and Journal Club offer additional learning opportunities on a regular basis. The department can offer training in trauma including trauma reconstruction with frames, pelvic trauma as well as arthroplasty, spine surgery, hand surgery, shoulder surgery, paediatric orthopaedics, knee surgery and foot and ankle surgery. To complement their surgical skills, trainees can gain management experience, teaching, research and audit skills.

Teaching Trainees are allocated to attend clinics, including the new patient fracture clinic and a full spectrum of follow up clinics. Junior doctors are also assigned to theatre and are expected to regularly and

Research Trainees are encouraged to contribute towards research activity in the department and to produce at least one audit project per six months, using data from

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ORTHOPAEDICS the patient management system. There is opportunity for clinical and non- clinical research including anatomical and biomechanical projects in conjunction with Brighton and Sussex Medical School. The department runs a bimonthly forum to discuss on-going research issues and to share best practice. All trainees are encouraged to present their academic work at these fora, in particular their clinical cases and audits, their clinical and basic science research, systemic literature reviews as well as their research on educational and clinical management.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Simon Bellringer

I first worked in the department as a Year One Core Surgical Trainee and have been fortunate enough to return and complete my first year as a Specialty Registrar here. The department operates over several sites offering trainees a wide variety of opportunities. As a busy Level 1 Major Trauma Centre, the Royal Sussex County Hospital has given me some great experience in dealing with some of the most serious trauma under the guidance of both plastic and trauma surgeons with an interest in major trauma and limb reconstruction. At the Princess Royal Hospital, a separate Fractured Neck of Femur service working within an established MDM approach, ensures that this vulnerable group of patients receive consultant led care, which is unaffected by the pressures of being a Level 1 Trauma Centre and the Sussex Orthopaedic Treatment Centre offers a wide variety of elective orthopaedic care including primary and revision arthroplasty. As a first year reg-

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istrar, I typically spend four days in trauma theatres and 1 day in clinic per week and expect to continue this into my second registrar year with four days in elective theatres and one day in clinic per week. As a teaching hospital, there are regularly 4th year Brighton medical students attached to the department. Bedside teaching is arranged weekly to allow trainees to deliver teaching in small groups and there is an opportunity to be involved in teaching students as part of their 4th year Musculoskeletal Module. There are a wide variety of research opportunities available as both a junior and senior trainee and several consultants take a particular interest in supporting those who wish to complete audits, present at national and international conferences and produce published research. There are opportunities to supervise BSMS students completing their Intercalated Research Projects, which I have found was a most rewarding experience. Overall, it’s busy department, and a great place to work. You are guided by a multidisciplinary team of seniors and paramedical staff who are keen to support you to achieve your potential.


OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY The Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department serves a population of 350,000 and comprises the following three units: 

The Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) in Brighton, with in- and outpatient facilities and where the main administration unit as well as the Audiology Department and Hearing Aid Department are located.

The Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH) in Brighton with a mixture of day case and in-patient services and five operating sessions per week.

The Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) in Haywards Heath with in-patient services on a 12 bedded unit, covering 10 operating lists and providing emergency services. The unit has close links with Worthing Hospital as well as other hospitals in the area.

The ENT department comprises seven Consultants, four Specialist Registrars and one Associate Specialist. There are five Senior House Officers and two clinical fellows (SHO Level). Two of these seven posts rotate after three months with Worthing Hospital for a two month period for hands on surgery. Trainees have the opportunity to participate in regular training lists delivered at the RSCH as well as in the Hurstwood Park theatres.

Teaching The department has a good record in teaching, audit and a high pass rate for examinations. Weekly organised teaching is compulsory and trainees may be asked to present at audit and M&M meetings. In addition to formal teaching sessions trainees are invited to contribute to interdisciplinary discussion fora and multidisciplinary working groups.

Research Research and audit projects are strongly recommended to every member of the junior staff. Trainees are encouraged to present their research at national and international events.

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OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Nicky Seymor

Otherwise SHOs are on-call, which involves giving advice and taking referrals from GPs and A&E. You quickly get used to draining quincies, suturing, packing noses and scoping patients. I also had a huge amount of protected theatre time, even as an F2. The seniors are keen to teach surgical skills and for you to be scrubbed in for the training. Consultants, fellow trainees and support staff are very approachable, friendly and supportive and there are a lot of opportunities for audit and research available to trainees. I have presented work I did in the department at both regional and national conferences and meetings and produced published research. The consultants are excellent teachers who made themselves available to help, not just with practical skills, but also for CST applications and advice for working towards ST3. There are compulsory weekly ENT teaching sessions, as well as lots of ad-hog teaching in between.

I worked as an SHO in the ENT department at BSUH and heard great things about the department so I was delighted to get a job there. I was conscious of the fact that I did not have much ENT experience and glad to find that the department runs an excellent and concise course for new juniors at the start of each rotation.

For somewhere to live and work, it doesn’t get much better than Brighton. It’s a fantastic city to live in. There more coffee shops and pubs than you can shake a stick at and you can pretty much walk everywhere. The BSUH is near the city centre and has one of the best views of any hospital in the country.

The course goes through the most important basics of ENT presentations and emergencies, including flexible nasendoscopy, managing epistaxis, tracheostomy care and microsuction.

I can sincerely recommend the BSUH ENT department both in terms of the training experience and the personal support I received in the department,. The support I received during my training certainly fuelled my passion for ENT.

Working in ENT as a junior allows much more autonomy with regard to managing patients, compared with other specialties. My average week included working in emergency clinic – an SHO lead clinic. It was always run with a consultant clinic, so senior help was always available.

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PAEDIATRIC AND NEONATAL MEDICINE Paediatric Medicine

ambulatory care and A&E. The consultant of the week provides close supervision, bedside teaching and leads daily ward rounds. There are opportunities to attend outpatient clinics in general paediatrics, as well as specialist clinics and joint clinics with visiting consultants.

The Department of Paediatrics is located at the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH) and provides general paediatric services to a local population of 460,000 and paediatric subspecialist services to a wider population.

The department runs weekly, bleep free teaching sessions, weekly child protection meetings, fortnightly X-Ray meetings and regular guideline update sessions. There is a weekly paediatric Grand Round and trainees have opportunities to present at teaching sessions and meetings and to undertake audit and research projects.

The RACH is equipped with a medical ward, surgical ward, high-dependency unit, general day care unit, respiratory day care unit, and an oncology day care unit. A children's A&E department, an assessment unit and short stay unit, as well as a dedicated outpatient suite and a paediatric radiology suite are also located at the RACH. Other facilities include the research suite, the paediatric orthodontics and the dentistry suite. A paediatric dietetics service, a speech and language therapy service, as well as occupational therapy and physiotherapy services are also provided. The team support the regional burns unit at Queen Victoria Hospital. The paediatric medical team comprises 10 consultants, of which 8 operate a ‘consultant of the week system for covering acute and in-patient paediatrics. There are 14 middle grade and 19 junior paediatric trainees. The department of academic paediatrics includes the Professor and 2 senior lecturers. The senior nursing team includes Paediatric Emergency Nurse Practitioners, Clinical Nurse specialists in Oncology, Asthma & Cystic Fibrosis, PICU Educator and Nurse Consultant in Child Protection.

Research The departments host many clinical research studies, including local academic research projects, NIHR portfolio and commercial studies. The wide array of funding to support the department’s research activities comes from the European Commission, The National Institute for Health Research, the Surrey and Sussex Local Comprehensive Research Network, charities and industry part-

Teaching During the attachment at RACH, trainees gain experience in general paediatrics, neonatal and paediatric surgery,

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PAEDIATRIC AND NEONATAL MEDICINE ners. The Asthma Research Centre runs programmes of research into respiratory diseases. Its work has developed a greater awareness of response differences to medicines based on genotype variation, and the possibility of introducing personalised treatment according to genotype. The research demonstrated that children carrying a particular genetic configuration respond poorly to common asthma medicines, leading to the first ever randomised clinical trial showing benefit with asthma treatment personalised to the patient’s genotype. (ST6-8), paediatric trainees have the opportunity to specialise in a specific area of paediatrics or to continue in general training. Paediatric trainees in Brighton can undertake Grid Training in Neonatal Medicine, Community Paediatrics and Paediatric Emergency Medicine.

Maternity and New-born Care Centre for fetal assessment and fetal medicine and high risk mothers are accepted for in utero transfer The Sussex Neonatal Transport Service is based from TMBU. Currently there are 9 intensive care, 9 high dependency and 10 special care cots on TMBU.

Trainees at all three levels work within both paediatrics and neonatal medicine. At Level 3 Training (ST6-8), paediatric trainees have the opportunity to specialise in a specific area of paediatrics or to continue with general training. Currently paediatric trainees in Brighton can undertake Grid Training in Neonatal Medicine, Community Paediatrics or training in Paediatric Emergency Medicine.

Teaching There are daily education sessions on TMBU including Case Presentations, Journal Club, Grand Round, Topic Teaching and in-situ simulation training. There are opportunities to lead ward rounds and to attend neonatal clinics.

Neonatal Medicine Trevor Mann Baby Unit (TMBU) provides a tertiary level neonatal medical and surgical intensive care service for Kent, Surrey & Sussex. There are approximately 3,500 deliveries per year in Brighton and 2500 a year in Hayward’s Heath. The neonatal service has a total catchment area of approximately 11,000 births per year. There are facilities in the

Research Neonatal studies focus on adaptation after birth, the development of age appropriate medicines for babies, noninvasive ventilation and devices and ultrasound. A KSS paediatric trainee has recently been awarded a PhD following their innovative research on TMBU.

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PAEDIATRIC SURGERY The Department of Paediatric Surgery is located at the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH), a purpose-built facility for paediatric services at the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust (BSUH). Current services include a day-case unit, an inpatient surgical unit, a dedicated theatre suite, and an inpatient medical unit for paediatrics, including a high dependency unit.

service, as well as Occupational Therapy and physiotherapy services are provided by the RACH. The department of paediatric surgery operates on over 2000 children a year. Of these about 800 are emergencies. About 3000 children are admitted and about 6000 are seen in out-patients every year. Outreach clinics are run currently at Eastbourne, Hastings, Worthing, Haywards Heath, Chailey Heritage, Chichester, East Grinstead, Redhill and Crawley. There is also day case operating provided at Chichester and Redhill.

A children's accident and emergency department, an assessment unit and short stay unit (PAWS) as well as a dedicated outpatient suite and a paediatric radiology suite are located at the RACH. Other facilities include the Academic Department of Paediatrics and research suite, the paediatric orthodontics and dentistry suite. A paediatric dietetics service, a Speech and Language Therapy

The unit has close working relationships with paediatric services in London (Great Ormond Street Hospital, the Evelina Children's Hospital, the Royal Marsden Hospital, and Kings College Hospital) and Southampton. The depart-

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ment is networked with partner organisations at East Sussex Hospitals, Western Sussex Hospitals, Surrey and Sussex Hospitals and Sussex Community NHS Trusts, as well as Chailey Clinical Services. It is closely linked with the neonatal service based at the Trevor Mann Baby Unit (RSCH) and Special Care Baby Unit (PRH), providing a neonatal surgical service for the South East Coast.

cardiothoracic surgery and neurosurgery. There are related tertiary paediatric surgical specialties on site including ENT, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, maxillofacial dentistry and orthodontics. Key strengths of the department include laparoscopic surgery and urology. Trainees are encouraged to organise and participate in the weekly academic meeting, covering presentations on xray and pathology, as well as audit and journal club. The weekly teaching sessions are mapped to the Paediatric and Neonatal surgical curriculum and the department runs regular videourodynamics sessions.

The team comprises of six consultant surgeons, supported by three staff grade paediatric surgeons, two paediatric surgical registrars and one clinical fellow at registrar level. Junior staff include two CMT/IMT’s, one foundation trainee and one clinical fellow. The service is delivered in co-operation with a team of consultant paediatric anaesthetists, consultant paediatricians, neonatologists, radiologists and pathologists.

There are monthly half-day Clinical Governance meetings, including M&M and trainees can benefit from neonatal combined surgical rounds and combined nutrition meetings. There are monthly halfday Clinical Governance meetings, including M&M and trainees can benefit from neonatal combined surgical rounds and combined nutrition meetings.

Teaching Trainees will experience all aspects of paediatric surgery, with the exception of

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RADIOLOGY The Radiology Department is part of the Department of Imaging and Nuclear Medicine that provides a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic imaging services, including CT scanning, MRI scanning, Neuroimaging, Paediatric imaging, Radioisotope scanning, Ultrasound scanning, Fluoroscopy and X ray. The unit provides over 330,000 diagnostic and interventional examinations per year, of which about 100,000 are required by in- and outpatients at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH), the Royal Alexandra Childrens Hospital (RACH) and the Hove Polyclinic in Brighton, as well as the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) in Haywards Heath. The department was benchmarked as one of the top five departments on governance, patient involvement and good practice sharing and in January 2015 it achieved ISAS (Imaging Services Accreditation Scheme) accreditation. Overall, the unit employs around 220 staff across all sites, including 34 Consultants, 20 Registrars (plus Ministry of Defence trainees). The training programme modules are mapped to the Royal College of Radiologists’ Curriculum to ensure trainees gain experience across a range of specialities during their Core Training years (ST1-3). From ST2, trainees participate in the on-call and troubleshooting rotas.

years (ST4-5), advanced training is undertaken to consolidate core training and to focus on one or more declared subspecialty interests. Teaching Trainees are well-supported with teaching from a variety of sources, including consultants, senior trainees and advanced radiography practitioners. Monday afternoon is dedicated to teaching and a film/film review club. Daily morning teaching takes place from 8 – 9am, provided by a consultant radiologist. Deanery-wide teaching occurs approxi-

Although trainees in the Sussex training scheme are mainly based at BSUH Trust, there are 4-month peripheral attachments to Eastern Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust, Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust and Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead. For specialist training

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RADIOLOGY The daily teaching sessions were a welcome surprise: as with any radiology training scheme, I expected the first year to be a step down in terms of responsibility, but it presents plenty of different challenges in getting to grips with a completely new and exciting speciality.

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Andrew Todd

The exams require hard work, but the change from six modules to one single exam for Part 2A means the studying isn’t as constant as it was in the past. They do however give you the confidence needed to discuss patients with registrars and consultants from all different specialities. The MSc in Clinical Radiology was developed during my first year and has helped me prepare for my FRCR exams. It also provides a well supported opportunity to complete a postgraduate qualification, which sets Brighton apart from other training schemes. The qualification will be a great addition to my CV.

I chose to do my radiology training in Brighton because I had already lived here a couple of years previously during my F2 year and I love the culture and feel of the city. Having moved all around the UK it was nice to know that I would be able to stay in the same place for five years. Moving to radiology, I found the consultants and other trainees are friendly and supportive.

I can wholeheartedly recommend the Sussex Radiology training scheme, both in terms of the training experience and the personal support I’ve received from others in the department.

mately once per month, hosted in various hospitals across the Kent, Surrey and Sussex region.

Research Trainees have extensive opportunities to contribute towards the department’s research trials as well as other research & audit projects, particularly the department’s dynamic functional molecular imaging and multi-modality research. They are encouraged to participate in testing new equipment and procedures, getting involved in clinical trials and local audits as well as contribute to the journal club. The Clinical Radiology MSc mentioned above also provides opportunities for research in the dissertation project at the end of the programme.

The radiology programme has recently developed a 3-year part-time MSc in Clinical Radiology in conjunction with the Universities of Brighton and Sussex . All trainees are encouraged to enrol in the programme and supported throughout their studies. The initial modules incorporate subjects that are covered in the FRCR exams, and later modules cover research methods, communication, teaching, and leadership. 73


RENAL MEDICINE Renal medicine in Brighton is provided by the Sussex Kidney Unit (SKU) which is purpose built and contains a 26 bedded renal ward, the 50 station main dialysis unit, the Buckfield Home Dialysis centre as well as a suite of clinic rooms. SKU provides tertiary level renal care to the 1.2 million people, presenting trainees with a broad range of conditions.

centre contains space to dialyse in a group and alone for all the steps to pa-

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY Dr Kunaal Kharbanda

Having completed part of my foundation training and core medical training within the Kent, Surrey & Sussex (KSS) region I was keen to stay on for higher specialist training. The scheme is geographically friendly so that you can base yourself in one area for most of your training, either in Sussex or Kent.

There are two fully equipped procedure rooms with image intensifier and modern ultrasound facilities for central line insertion and renal biopsy procedures. The Stirling Day unit offers a flexible service to patients including the weekly, registrar-led renal biopsy procedure list. SKU provides all forms of renal management including haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, dialysis for acute kidney injury and plasma exchange. Renal transplant work up is completed locally with trainees exposed to both donor and recipient work-up. Transplant surgery takes place at St Georges or Guys Hospitals. There are currently 500 transplant patients receiving follow up from one month post-transplantation (both kidney alone and SPK), 500 CKD/low clearance patients, over 500 haemodialysis patients, 150 vasculitis patients and a weekly clinic for those with glomerulonephritis and SLE on immunosuppression.

Spending the majority of my training in a single unit has allowed me to get to know the staff very well with good support from the consultants. There is exposure to a wide range of Nephrology services and ample opportunity to gain competencies in the required practical procedures. The department functions very well as a multidisciplinary team which allows training from a wide range of specialised staff. I completed my transplant placement in London at St Georges Hospital which has given me valuable exposure to the acute care of kidney transplant recipients. I have also spent a year at Worthing Hospital for my General Internal Medicine placement. At present, I am out-ofprogramme, based in Manchester where I have started research in the field of home haemodialysis as part of an MD.

There are close links with the Clinical Infection Team for patients with blood borne viral infections and renal disease and also with the Children’s Hospital with joint clinics for both. Home haemodialysis has been well represented for many years now and investments in new technology are allowing us to expand this service to include even more patients. The Buckfield Home Dialysis

Sussex has been an excellent place to live during my training. Brighton is a vibrant and diverse city with the South Downs on your doorstep and London only an hour away. The training programme has been enjoyable and I feel prepared for my CCT.

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tient independence. Peritoneal dialysis catheters are inserted within the unit so trainees are exposed to all aspects of home dialysis management. In centre haemodialysis also takes place in satellite units at Eastbourne, Crawley, Bexhill and Worthing with nephrology outreach clinics in Bexhill, Eastbourne and Worthing. The department is well staffed with 10 renal consultants, 2 part time consultants, a low clearance nurse consultant, 3 specialist dieticians, 2 specialist pharmacists, a social worker and 3 renal counsellors. We work together as a multidisciplinary team to provide high quality holistic care.

quality and feature external speakers. The department has a biopsy simulator to facilitate up-skilling in native renal biopsy procedure. There is time in the rota and encouragement to pursue audit and QIP projects and several trainees have been successful in carrying out clinical research projects whilst in post. Research Several trainees have successfully completed clinical research projects, which have been showcased at national and international for a, including the regional SWEKS meeting. Support in planning and accessing suitable supervisors for out of programme activities are available, with further research opportunities at BSMS. There is one Teaching/ Simulation fellow post to which trainees can apply to pursue OOP in conjunction with BSMS.

Teaching There are fortnightly 2 hour sessions for the registrars delivered by the renal consultants on curriculum mapped subjects in preparation for the MRCP(Neph), as well as regional training days for both renal and general internal medicine. Weekly medical grand rounds and the fortnightly renal journal club are high

For more information please contact clare.castledine@nhs.net sarah.lawman@nhs.net 75


RESPIRATORY MEDICINE The Department of Respiratory Medicine works across the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) and the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) sites to diagnose and treat a wide range of lung conditions. The team offers specialist expertise in cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive lung disease, asthma and allergy, as well as in HIV-related respiratory conditions, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, pneumonia, sleep-disordered breathing and tuberculosis. Royal Sussex County Hospital Catherine James (7 beds) Egremont (13 beds) and Overton Ward are the wards for respiratory inpatients. Respiratory outliers are based on the Acute Admissions Unit. The department also provides a comprehensive range of services and specialist clinics at the Sussex Cancer Centre and the Hove Polyclinic. There are weekly, specialist clinics in COPD, lung cancer, tuberculosis, allergy & asthma, sleep-disordered breathing, cystic fibrosis, interstitial lung disease and host defence/non-CF bronchiectasis. The Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Departments support the lung cancer service with excellent CT, MRI and PET scanning. The Radiology Department provides an excellent ultrasound- and CT-guided biopsy service. The Pulmonary Function service is based at the RSCH in Brighton, with access to muscle function assessment and exercise testing.

There are six specialist nurses who support the care of asthma, COPD, lung cancer, tuberculosis, adult cystic fibrosis and obstructive sleep apnoea as well as a respiratory physiotherapist. Princess Royal Hospital Pyecombe ward has 27 beds for a mixture of Respiratory and general medical patients. There is a dedicated bay for NIV with capacity for two patients requiring acute support. The Sleep Laboratory is based in Hurstwood Park. There are General Respiratory outpatients with a broad range of patients drawn from the Mid Sussex area and dedicated sleep clinics. An additional clinic occurs at the Uckfield Community Hospital. There are twice weekly Bronchscopy lists and a once weekly Pleural Procedure list based in the Rap-

The team consists of eight consultant physicians, three Higher Specialist Trainees (HSTs), five F2/CMT/ACCS ST1/2 doctors and four F1 doctors.

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RESPIRATORY MEDICINE id Access Medical Unit (RAMU). The ward based team consist of three consultants, two HSTs ( one Acute Internal Medicine), a HST level Clinical fellow, one CMT, two F2s and four F1s.

Lung cancer MDT across both sites with Oncologists and visiting Thoracic surgeon on Tuesdays, as well as the monthly Interstitial Lung Disease Meetings with a VC link with Royal Brompton Hospital at the RSCH on Wednesdays. Formal teaching at RSCH is available on Fridays 1-2pm with a variety of different topics covered and at the regular Tuesday morning radiology meetings with the respiratory consultants centred around interesting cases.

Teaching There are thrice weekly Bronchscopy lists and a separate Endoscopic Bronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) list. The Ultrasound lists for Pleural disease run twice weekly in the Emergency Ambulatory Care Unit (EACU). There is an Endoscopy Simulator on level 9 Millenium wing, RSCH, with modules for Bronchscopy and EBUS.

Research Trainees are encouraged to participate in projects, including health effects of air pollution, clinical trials of immunotherapy, cystic fibrosis disease monitoring, bronchiectasis and respiratory infection, pulmonary hypertension, interstitial lung disease, COPD and lung cancer.

Trainees are encouraged to participate in multidisciplinary meetings, including the Monday lunchtime TB meeting at the RSCH, the Video-conferenced (VC)

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RHEUMATOLOGY The Rheumatology Department offers a wide range of services to diagnose and treat joint, bone and connective tissue diseases in adults and children at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH), the Royal Alexandra Children’s Hospital (RACH), the Princess Royal Hospital (PRH) and the Hove Polyclinic.

matory arthritis, Adolescent Rheumatology, Paediatric Rheumatology, Metabolic bone disease, combined Rheumatology/Ophthalmology and Respiratory/ Rheumatology MDM with weekly radiology MDMs. The hospitals do not have dedicated Rheumatology beds and patients are under shared-care with the General Medical teams. The Rheumatology Department offers high quality multidisciplinary care supported by nurse specialists, occupational therapists, MSK physiotherapists, MSK podiatry & dedicated MSK radiology services and a Specialist Pharmacist. MRI, joint ultrasound, nuclear medicine, plain imaging and bone densitometry are provided at both main sites. PET scanning for patients with complex rheumatological disease is also

The team comprises six NHS consultants (4 full-time, 1 part-time and 1 rheumatology/ acute medicine) and two BSMS academic consultants (Professor of Medicine & Senior Lecturer in Rheumatology). Additionally, there is a parttime Associate Specialist doctor, two KSS Deanery Specialist Registrars, one academic F2, four clinical nurse specialists and a Rheumatology Specialist Pharmacist. Specialist clinics include Connective tissue disease, Early inflam-

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utilised locally and Dual Energy CT for patients with complex gout.

departmental meetings and the bimonthly governance meeting.

Teaching & Training We have consistently excellent feedback from trainees regarding on the job teaching and training opportunities and access to a wide range of cases

Brighton is a teaching hospital and as such trainees are timetabled to help with medical student teaching and have other opportunities to input into medical student and core medical trainee teaching.

There are weekly, registrar led emergency/ injection clinics and two-weekly departmental/ academic meetings and weekly X-ray meetings and involvement in Specialist Clinics at both main sites.

Research The department’s research embraces a number of different domains. Recently the department’s focus has been on lupus and RA and new pathological mechanisms and also inputs into multicentre pharmaceutical studies via the Clinical Research Unit. Trainees are encouraged to participate in any current research and write up case reports and submit abstracts to national and international meetings.

Trainees are encouraged to attend the South Thames Regional Training Days quarterly and the Sussex Regional meetings six-monthly. Higher specialty trainees attend teaching sessions for MSc Rheumatology at King’s College, London twice a month, as well as the 79


UROLOGY The Urology Department provides care to a population of about 465,000 in Brighton, Hove and the Mid Sussex areas and offers a comprehensive range of urological services. All inpatient surgery and emergencies are managed at the Princes Royal Hospital (PRH), where the department is based. Outpatient clinics are run at the Royal Sussex County Hospital (RSCH) in Brighton, as well as at the PRH in Hayward’s Heath and at the Lewes Victoria Hospital in Lewes.

Sussex. The Urology Department is also the tertiary referral centre for renal surgery, providing a variety of surgical approaches for benign and malignant disease. The unit sees a wide range of endourology and offers laser prostate surgery in addition to other endourology operations and urological reconstruction surgery. Its strengths include upper tract laparoscopy, stones and reconstruction.

A team of urology specialist nurses provide Trial Without Catheter (TWOC) services, urodynamics and intravesical bladder therapy. The enthusiastic nursing team also provides an on-site lithotripsy service, the only such service in

WHAT OUR TRAINEES SAY

Staff in our department is extremely approachable and I am fortunate to have excellent teachers who help me further develop my surgical skills, as well as leadership and communication skills on the road to becoming a consultant.

Miss Katie Chan I was thrilled to get my ST3 training job at Brighton and Sussex University Hospital NHS Trust. Not only is Brighton a thriving hub of a city it also is a great training hospital and I am very lucky to have started on my urology career here.

The enthusiastic team has helped me to produce high quality audit and research projects during my time here and I have presented regionally and internationally as a result of this work. I work alongside 2 other training registrars who have chosen to specialise in stone disease and urological oncology to complement their training therefore the urology training jobs can be flexible to suit the training needs of the individual.

I do 3-4 operating lists a week covering a variety of different types of urology surgery as well as 2 outpatient clinics and regular urology emergency on calls. It has been a delight to work alongside the rest of the team who are really enthusiastic in both continuing my own education and training but also achieving the highest level of care for our patients.

I have very much enjoyed my time at Brighton and I think it has given me a fantastic start to my Urology career.

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Pelvic cancer cases are taken to Eastbourne to the regional robotic service. The new 3D laparoscopic equipment puts the trust’s nephrectomy surgery at the forefront of surgical technology. The unit offers regular, nurse lead lower urinary tract symptom clinics, virtual stone clinics and oversees care in a dedicated urology ward. The medical team comprises six consultants, six registrars, two core training doctors and three foundation doctors alongside our nursing colleagues.

Research The department has a strong track record of research and trainees have the opportunity to participate in traditional ‘lab based’ projects, educational research or clinical research. For example, the last project conducted in cooperation with the University of Sussex investigated biomarkers of response to BCG in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Urology surgeons were also involved in a Smart-glasses trial, carrying out simulated data entry of cystoscopy findings, which are used to further investigate suspected bladder cancer. The urology department also has a research fund to support its projects. As well as research the department has strong audit and teaching credentials and there are excellent opportunities to get involved with projects and education / training.

Teaching Trainees are expected to partake in and contribute towards the daily consultant led ward rounds. The regular theatre sessions are consultant led and offer excellent learning opportunities. The department organises regular governance and multidisciplinary meetings.

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VASCULAR SURGERY Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals department of Vascular Surgery is the hub for a Sussex wide regional vascular service for a catchment population of approximately 1.6 million. The spoke services include Chichester, Worthing, Redhill, Eastbourne and Hastings with all major arterial surgery for these patients being carried out in Brighton.

county of Sussex at the hub in Brighton. There is a dedicated vascular on-call registrar rota supported by eight vascular registrars that include teaching fellows, senior fellows and trainees from Kent, Surrey and Sussex and other deaneries. The whole range of vascular problems are handled by the department, including carotid endarterectomy under local anaesthesia, endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy, upper limb vascular problems, aorto-iliac/femoral bypass, femoro -femoral crossover graft, femoropopliteal and femoro-distal bypass, diabetic foot clinics as well as open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Aortic surgery includes complex suprarenal thoracic and thoraco-abdominal aneurysm repair, both by open and fenestrated/branched EVAR techniques.

The unit performs the entire range of vascular and endovascular procedures, including thoracic aortic interventions, supported by the Regional Cardiothoracic centre. The regional renal service is also based at BSUH and the vascular surgeons and radiologists provide support for creation and maintenance of renal access for dialysis. There are ten vascular surgeons who provide round the clock service for the

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There are sixteen elective operating sessions each week offering excellent learning opportunities for trainees. Over the past many years, senior vascular trainees from other deaneries have opted to come to our department. The department is proud to offer a unique training fellowship in renal access surgery.

equipped and staffed by three full-time, one part time and one trainee vascular scientist, providing a high quality service for duplex scanning and other noninvasive assessment. The Unit took part in the pilot scheme for training of vascular surgeons in vascular ultrasound jointly organised by the Vascular Society, Royal College of Surgeons and Society for Vascular Technologists

The unit provides a high quality service for carotid surgery in cooperation with a multidisciplinary group of stroke physicians and vascular sonographers, as well as radiologists and anaesthetists.

Teaching There are weekly multi-disciplinary meetings with interventional radiology, and a weekly carotid / stroke MDM attended by stroke physicians, neuroradiology and vascular surgery. The department organises teaching and journal club sessions and trainees are required to attend the daily vascular ward rounds. The vascular department is heavily involved in teaching medical students.

The department frequently performs endovenous radiofrequency closure for varicose veins. There is a well equipped Endovascular Hybrid Theatre and an Interventional Radiology suite in the Radiology Department. Magnetic Resonance Angiography is routinely used and there are several CT scanners. The non-invasive vascular laboratory is well

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Copyright © 2020 Brighton and Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust Published and distributed by: Medical Education Department Published: September 2020 84


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