Page 1


BROWN DAILY HERALD vol. cxlix, no. 21

since 1891


Fusion delivers inventive student choreography French Annual spring showcase features wide range of expression, musical interpretation By EMMAJEAN HOLLEY SENIOR STAFF WRITER

The Killers’ song “Human” was inspired by Hunter S. Thompson’s reputed claim that America was “raising a generation of dancers.” Though this was not intended as a compliment, the sharp-tongued gonzo journalist might have revised his thesis after seeing Fusion Dance Company’s 31st annual spring show. True to its company’s name, the production is a medley of aural and visual aesthetic influences. Each



Members of Fusion Dance Company rehearse in preparation for the group’s 31st annual spring show, which features a mixture of styles.

Bears to feature fresh faces on field Team lost eight seniors, will rely on first-years and former bench players to step up this season By ALEX WAINGER SENIOR STAFF WRITER


The men’s lacrosse team started last season on a meteoric rise, winning five of its first six games. The earlyseason success earned the Bears a No. 19 national ranking, and the team looked poised to contend for the Ivy League title. But the squad lost momentum and dropped its next four games, ultimately finishing fifth in the conference. Despite the disappointing end to last season, the aspirations of Head Coach Lars Tiffany ’90 for this year’s team have not changed. “The goal every year is to win the Ivy League title and to pursue a spot in the NCAA tournament,” Tiffany said. The squad lost eight seniors to graduation last year — five of whom regularly started — but replaced them with a slew of talented youngsters. Dylan Molloy ’17, one of nine first-years on the team, will be called upon early to contribute offensively. “He’s going to play right away,” Tiffany said. “With (first-years), people always talk about taking baby steps, but we really want Molloy to take some big-boy steps, because » See M. LACROSSE, page S3

Out of the country and onto College Hill

As admission office seeks to recruit in rural areas, underrepresented students adjust to life at Brown By JILLIAN LANNEY SENIOR STAFF WRITER

For a number of undergraduates, Providence is the big city. It’s a place where you don’t know your neighbors. It’s a place where streetlights shine, sirens blare and cornfields are replaced by busy streets and fast cars. It even has a mall. “Providence seemed a lot bigger when I first got here than it does now,” says Thomas Lutken ’14. The Mississippi native is in the minority at the University, hailing from a small town where the word


“brown” is no more than a color. His slow walk, anecdote-peppered speech, enthusiastic friendliness and “dumb phone,” he says, signal how sharply his upbringing diverged from those of many of his peers. For the first four years of Lutken’s life, he lived in an old house without electricity or running water. When he moved to Oxford, Miss., a college town home to just under 20,000 people, it “felt like moving to a big city.” “We got Wi-Fi in 2010 and it was a huge deal,” he says, laughing. Coming to Providence, he was forced to acclimate to a fast-paced Northeastern social environment. Most of his peers are always in a rush, constantly checking phones and emails, he says. When Lutken sees acquaintances on the street, he has learned, they won’t usually stop to chat. “In the South, where I’m from, if

you ran into your second-grade English teacher, she would expect you to stop and tell her everything that had happened to you since the last time she ran into you in the grocery store,” he says. Students like Lutken are a relatively small part of Brown’s campus population. They are underrepresented at the University, often hailing from communities that send few, if any, students to elite out-of-state institutions. Administrators at private colleges and universities across the country have increasingly sought to tap into these rural communities, viewing them as breeding grounds for talented students who may not have had exposure to all their college options. In recognition of such regional disparities, many of the nation’s top universities are boosting their efforts » See RURAL, page 4

prof. dies after long illness Shoggy Waryn was instrumental in boosting digital technologies for use in classrooms By MAGGIE LIVINGSTONE FEATURES EDITOR

Shoggy Waryn, senior lecturer in French studies, died at his home Tuesday. He was 53 and had been battling a prolonged illness. Waryn was on medical leave this semester but taught at the University in the fall. The Department of French Studies announced his death in a press release and email Wednesday. A native of Dijon, France, Waryn came to the United States following completion of a DEUG — a French bachelor’s degree — from the Universite de Dijon in 1981, a Licence-es-Lettres in 1983 and a Maitrise in American Studies in 1985. He earned a PhD in film studies from the University of Iowa, according to his University research profile. Waryn was employed in the French departments at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Ohio State University before coming to Brown in fall 2001. He taught a range of French language courses and helped coordinate the Brown-in-France study abroad program. An avid lover of French cinema, Waryn served as director of the » See WARYN, page 2

Francophone festival spotlights fresh cinematic perspective Providence French Film Festival launches with ‘Young and Beautiful,’ a film about motive, desire By DREW WILLIAMS SENIOR STAFF WRITER

A girl tans on a private beach, some time before arguing with her clueless mother but after starting a summer fling with a foreign boy. Right around Valentine’s Day, this has all the trappings of a Hollywood rom-com. Even ignoring the fact that the film is in French, it will still only take viewers until about 10 minutes into “Jeune et Jolie” — when this 17-year-old girl turns to prostitution — to figure out that they are squarely outside the realm


of Hollywood. “Jeune et Jolie” — “Young and Beautiful” if you are enjoying those English subtitles — opened the 19th annual French Film Festival at the Cable Car Cinema and Cafe last night. The protagonist goes by Isabelle when she’s in high school, but Lea in more private moments. She’s neither cash-strapped nor coerced into her side-job — she’s experimenting. Isabelle buys a new phone and sets up calls with clients, carefully avoiding questions from her mother and stepfather. Life goes from strange to stranger when she begins a serious emotional relationship with a john old enough to be her grandfather, though he continues to pay her for her services. As they usually do, things fall apart, and the audience is left wondering what brought this seemingly well-balanced » See FESTIVAL, page 3



“Jeune et Jolie” was the opening film of the 19th annual French Film Festival, which seeks to promote greater understanding of French culture.


Men’s hockey squares off with two bottom-of-the-table teams, hoping to keep tourney home ice

Levinson ’17: Coach K switches up offensive strategy to compensate for ailing defense

Chesler ’15: Social innovation should be neverending in a complex world

Fuerbacher ’13.5: Insider traders should receive civil fines but not jail time







performance is student-choreographed — an impressive undertaking in its own right, made even more so by its successful execution. Audiences will likely be familiar with at least a few of the eclectic song selections, featuring contemporary musicians like Beirut and Beyonce alongside luminaries of yesteryear such as Al Green and Judy Garland. The choreographers explore music and movement through a range of interpretive lenses ­— as transparent as romantic attraction or as obscure as the elusive search for identity. The more ambiguous pieces invite audiences to form their own analyses, while the more playful numbers are engaging and readily accessible to viewers. Regardless of the mood, the choreography is creative and demonstrates a » See FUSION, page 3

t o d ay


53 / 32

49/ 34

2 university news Provost forum draws two grad students




Obama apologizes for negative comment on art history


President Christina Paxson, Professor of Political Science Sharon Krause and Crystal Ngo GS moderate a forum Thursday to receive graduate students’ input on the search for Provost Mark Schlissel’s P’15 replacement.

At open forum, students share concerns about lack of graduate school focus, funding By ANDREW JIANG CONTRIBUTING WRITER

Just two graduate students attended a forum Thursday to gather graduate student input on the University’s ongoing search for a successor to Provost Mark Schlissel P’15, who was named president of the University of Michigan last month. President Christina Paxson, Sharon Krause, professor and chair of the political science department, and American studies doctoral student Crystal Ngo GS — all members of the search committee — moderated the forum, which only two graduate students attended. Brigitte Harder GS, a first-year master’s student in computer science, asked Paxson to clarify what the job of provost entails. “There’s this mystery about what does a provost do, anyways?” Paxson said. As chief academic officer, the provost is responsible for overseeing academic initiatives and running several

committees, including the University Resources Committee. The provost brings the URC’s financial recommendations to the president, Paxson added. French studies doctoral student Anne-Caroline Sieffert GS said it is important for the provost to understand that Brown is an interdisciplinary school. “Over the past few years we’ve put social sciences and humanities to the side. Little departments like ours teach a lot of undergraduates but get shorn aside in funding,” said Sieffert, former vice president for representation and advocacy of the Graduate Student Council. Paxson said graduate students in the social sciences and humanities cost the University more than those pursuing graduate degrees in the physical sciences, who may receive research funding from the federal government. But she added, “I think we need to pay attention to all of these groups. There’s not a one-size-fits-all policy for doctoral students (or) master’s students.” Sieffert said she feels the graduate student population is underappreciated relative to undergraduates. “There’s been a very vocal population of undergraduates, and some

faculty members too,” that argue the costs associated with graduate students place too great a strain on the resources the University can commit to undergraduate education, she said. Sieffert said many graduate students teach undergraduate courses in addition to conducting research, but she said none of the undergraduates in her classes realized she was a doctoral student until she told them. “We need a provost that can explain it’s not a zerosum game,” she added. “So you’re saying that graduate student education contributes to undergraduate education,” Ngo said. Sieffert nodded. Paxson emphasized the strong relationship between faculty members and graduate students. “A lot of the faculty we hire love working with our graduate students. If there weren’t graduate students, they wouldn’t come and teach undergraduates,” Paxson said. Originally planned to last for an hour and a half, the forum ended after 30 minutes due to low attendance. “We took comprehensive notes,” Krause said. “Everything will be shared with the (provost search) committee.”

Series reflect Watson Institute mission Lecture series aim to engage participants with ‘cutting-edge research’ on major global challenges By EMILY DUPUIS CONTRIBUTING WRITER

The Watson Institute for International Studies is hosting two lecture series this semester, with one devoted to security and the other exploring issues of governance and development, said Peter Andreas, associate director of the Watson Institute and professor of political science and international studies. The subjects of the series correspond with the core themes of the Watson Institute’s strategic plan developed last spring, wrote Richard Locke, director of the Watson Institute and professor of political science, in an email to The Herald. The series’ goal is to have participants discuss and engage with “cutting-edge research” on major global challenges, Locke wrote. He added that the series also aims to “build an intellectual community around these issues here at Watson and at Brown, to provide feedback to scholars on their work (and) to expose

… students to research by scholars in other universities.” Organizers hope the lectures encourage dialogue across disciplines, Andreas said, adding that all the talks incorporate multiple departments and speakers from diverse academic backgrounds. The series brings “outside voices to Brown and the institute to enrich our intellectual community,” Andreas said, noting that several speakers hail from peer institutions, including Cornell, Yale, Barnard College and the University of Chicago. “It’s not just academics speaking,” Andreas said. “Sometimes, in the case of the security series, it also includes bringing in more practitioner types such as journalists.” Excitement for the series seems high throughout Watson, wrote Catherine Lutz, professor of anthropology and international studies, in an email to The Herald, adding that she was “very pleased” with the diversity of lectures. Speakers were chosen through suggestions solicited from faculty members within and beyond the Watson Institute, graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, Locke wrote. Speakers on campus for other reasons, such as visiting

professors, were also asked to speak about their research, he wrote. Moderators were chosen from the pool of Watson Institute faculty members with relevant research interests. Lutz, who has extensively researched U.S. military bases “at home and overseas,” was selected to moderate a talk by Amy Austin Holmes, a postdoctoral fellow at the Watson Institute and assistant professor of sociology at American University in Cairo, on American military bases in Turkey and Germany, Lutz wrote. The lectures are designed to complement each other, Andreas said, noting that the talk on the history of civil wars will incorporate issues related to governance, development and security. The Development and Governance Seminar Series began Feb. 5 and will conclude April 3, while the Security Seminar Series runs Feb. 10 to April 7, according to a University press release. The Watson Institute will sponsor other lectures this semester in conjunction with several centers, programs and departments, such as the Middle East Studies program, the Brown-India Initiative and the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Andreas said.

President Obama sent a letter of apology to Ann Collins Johns, a senior lecturer in art and art history at the University of Texas at Austin, after mocking art history degrees in a recent speech, the Chronicle of Higher Education reported Tuesday. During a speech about job training last month, Obama said “folks can make a lot more, potentially, with skilled manufacturing or the trades than they might with an art history degree.” Obama’s comment provoked criticism nationwide from art history scholars, including Johns. Johns sent a letter to the president following his controversial remark, in which she wrote that art history teaches students critical thinking, reading and writing, among other useful skills, the Chronicle reported. “I was making a point about the jobs market, not the value of art history,” Obama wrote in his apology. “As it so happens, art history was one of my favorite subjects in high school, and it has helped me take in a great deal of joy in my life that I might otherwise have missed,” Obama wrote, according to the Chronicle.

Campaign seeks to add sexual assault as honor code violation at UVa Student activists at the University of Virginia have garnered over 500 signatures for a petition calling for the institution’s honor code to be revised to include sexual assault as a violation of the code, the Cavalier Daily reported Wednesday. “If an individual can get away with a serious, life-damaging offense at UVa, we are only sending the message that it is acceptable not only here, but within the rest of society,” the petition’s organizers wrote. The petition was filed last month on a website called SpeakUpUVA that was started by the university’s Student Council, the Daily reported. UVa’s 172-year-old code is the oldest student-run honor system in the country, compelling signatories to pledge to refrain from lying, cheating or stealing as campus community members, according to the university’s website. A student committee hears proceedings and issues decisions in all honor violation cases. But the petition to add sexual assault as an honor offense could create problems with federal law if the proposal is approved, the Daily reported. Title IX, the federal law prohibiting educational institutions from discriminating on the basis of sex, has a lower standard of proof for sexual assault than mandated by UVa’s Honor Committee. The committee requires a 99 percent standard of proof “beyond a reasonable doubt” for honor violation convictions. This discrepancy has led some student leaders to conclude that sexual assault cases should remain outside the Honor Committee’s jurisdiction, the Daily reported.

Stanford profs say MOOCs are succeeding Nearly two years after Stanford University’s launch of numerous massive open online courses, faculty members said the courses are living up to expectations, Inside Higher Ed reported Tuesday. One of the challenges that MOOC instructors face is to learn how to alter and improve the courses when they are taught many times per year with the same material, Scott Klemmer, a visiting associate professor of computer science at Stanford, told Inside Higher Ed. Keith Devlin, a mathematics researcher at Stanford who has taught four rounds of the course “Introduction to Mathematical Thinking,” told Inside Higher Ed that though the course’s content has remained roughly the same, the MOOC’s structure and student experience has changed significantly. Inspired by massive multi-player online role-playing games, such as “World of Warcraft,” Devlin has altered his MOOC to include smaller discussion forums where students enrolled in the course can more interactively engage with the material, Inside Higher Ed reported.

» WARYN, from page 1 Providence French Film Festival from 2005 until his death and was planning this year’s festival up until a few weeks ago, said Lewis Seifert, chair of the Department of French Studies. “He was an extremely energetic and dynamic person in and out of the classroom,” Seifert added. Waryn was a strong proponent of integrating online tools into Brown’s classrooms, helping to introduce each of the University’s web-based learning management systems — WebCT,

MyCourses and Canvas, according to the press release. “He made huge contributions to Brown as a whole,” Seifert said. “He played a key role in making (Canvas) accessible for professors and students alike.” A campus memorial service will not be held for Waryn in line with his request. Instead, Waryn hoped to have a traditional Irish wake in his honor, “with colleagues and friends” in attendance, Seifert said. Waryn’s family requested that his specific illness not be released.

university news 3


BEST Program trains, educates future administrators Grad students partake in weekly seminars, establish instructive relationships with University administrators By CAMILLA BRANDFIELD-HARVEY CONTRIBUTING WRITER

Every Wednesday afternoon, the 11 BEST graduate students from a panoply of fields gather in Horace Mann House for discussions with some of the University’s leading administrators. They’re not there for their grades or scholarship, but they are distinct. The Brown Executive Scholars Training Program, a 12-week, comprehensive mentoring and training program for advanced master’s and doctoral students interested in university administration, welcomes participants from the humanities and the life, physical and social sciences. “This year, like last year, they’re unique,” said Jabbar Bennett, associate dean of the Graduate School and founder and director of the BEST program. “Eleven students come from 11 different graduate programs.” Bennett created the BEST Program in 2010 to provide students with an opportunity to discuss various administrative roles and gain direct exposure to administrators’ specific tasks.

Bennett said he strives to offer the privileges he wishes had been available to him as a graduate student. “When I was in school, I knew that one day, I wanted to pursue one of these types of roles, and there was never a clear path or a venue to discuss these opportunities,” he said. BEST participants gather for a weekly roundtable discussion with rotating University administrators, and each participant meets at least once a month with an assigned administrative sponsor who helps construct career plans, extends information about resources and collaborates on an optional practicum project. The current cohort has convened every Wednesday since weekly discussions commenced Jan. 22. So far, participants have heard from Russell Carey, executive vice president for planning and policy; outgoing Provost Mark Schlissel P’15; Beppie Huidekoper, executive vice president for finance and administration; Beverly Ledbetter, vice president and general counsel and Marisa Quinn, vice president for public affairs and University relations. The weekly seminars educate the

students about specific topics, such as “Data-Driven Decision Making” and “Diversity in Higher Education,” allowing them “face time with people who run the University to ask questions they wouldn’t otherwise get the time to ask, like, what does the provost like most about his job and like the least?” Bennett said. One of the program’s centerpieces is the practicum project that fosters symbiotic relationships between the students and their administrative sponsors. Rachel Gostenhofer GS, a history PhD student in the program, said that while weekly discussions provide the breadth, “in the practicum you get the depth.” Gostenhofer can extend her current work as a graduate associate at the Writing Center and experience with writing grants to grant writing for the Office of Continuing Education, she said. These practicum projects are intended to be mutually advantageous endeavors, Bennett said. The three main components — the seminar, the administrative sponsorship and the optional project — help distinguish the BEST Program from opportunities at peer universities. “I know it is (unique) amongst our Ivy-plus peers,”

Fewer alums volunteer for Peace Corps U. fails to crack list of top 25 medium-sized colleges sending graduates into Peace Corps By EMILY DOGLIO STAFF WRITER

Following a decade of ranking among the top 25 medium-sized colleges and universities sending graduates to the Peace Corps, the University failed to make the list for a second consecutive year. There are 11 Brown alums currently serving in the Peace Corps, wrote Elizabeth Chamberlain, public affairs specialist for the Peace Corps Northeast Regional Office, in an email to The Herald. This number marks a drop from last year, when 21 Brown alums served in the program — one student short of making the list. In order to be nationally ranked in 2014, the University would have needed 17 participating alums, Chamberlain wrote. With roughly 6,000 undergraduates, Brown falls on the smaller side of the medium-sized colleges and universities group, which is defined as any institution with 5,000 to 15,000 undergraduates. All colleges experience fluctuations year to year in volunteer numbers, said Kathryn Fidler, regional recruiter for the Peace Corps. She added that there has not been any noticeable decline in interest. The Peace Corps is still an “attractive” option for graduates, Fidler said, adding

» FUSION, from page 1 close attention to detail, especially during subtle shifts of tempo and timbre. In performances with fewer dancers, more may suddenly flood the stage when songs reach their peak intensity, ebbing away with the decrescendo. In a dance to Duffy’s “Mercy,” the larger group breaks into duets and trios, all each smaller cluster devoting itself to a specific performance dynamic before realigning with the

Brown graduates in the Peace Corps

Brown’s participation in the Peace Corps reached its lowest point in the past decade this year. Only 11 alums are currently serving. 40 Brown graduates 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2003 ’04 ’05 Source: Peace Corps











that the program “offers two years of entry-level international experience, and you don’t have to pay in order to do it.” The program attracts students interested in pursuing international work directly after their undergraduate studies, said Jim Amspacher, advisor for careers in the common good at CareerLAB. The Peace Corps “opens many doors” and is a “leaping-off point to do a wide range of work,” Amspacher said. “Brown draws people that are internationally focused,” said Caroline Klein ’05, who volunteered in community work with the Peace Corps in Moldova starting in 2005. “Peace Corps gave me the opportunity to understand cultures from an on-the-ground perspective,” she said.

The application process was not challenging, Klein said, adding that she was surprised by the speed of the process. Her Peace Corps experience helped her gain confidence and taught her life and business skills, she said, adding that most volunteers learn more about themselves than they do about making substantial changes abroad. Chamberlain wrote that 634 Brown alums have served overseas in the Peace Corps since 1961. Current volunteers are hosted in Ecuador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Indonesia, Madagascar, Panama, Paraguay, Rwanda and Senegal, and are working in the agriculture, education, environment and health sectors, she added.

whole. Within this diverse framework, the dancers traverse different styles with ease — ballet, tango and hip-hop mingle in unexpected combinations. The dancers are actors as well as athletes, expressing a range of emotions in face as well as body. Though some pieces come together more crisply than others — in “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas,” there seemed an uncomfortable disconnect between the two performers — the dancers’ revelry

in their craft is as palpable as their talent. Whether they are jubilantly leaping across the stage or playing hard to get in saucy, come-hither numbers, they whirl through the air in a fusion of human and dancer. Their sanguine smiles seem to say, “So what? It isn’t that hard.” Fusion Dance Company’s 31st annual spring show opens tonight at 8 p.m. with performances tomorrow at 2 and 8 p.m. in Alumnae Hall. Admission is $5.

Bennett said. “I was invited last year to highlight and describe the program to our peers, because others want to model it.” Multiple students agreed with Bennett, saying the program is special to Brown. “There are other institutions that have much longer and much more structured programs, but I don’t think that it’s the norm,” said Lawrence Were GS, a PhD student in health services research. “I’ve been to other institutions, and they don’t have anything like this.” Other schools may assemble panels or offer occasional avenues for education, but “it’s much more piecemeal,” Gostenhofer said. “What’s great about this program is that it gives you a more comprehensive and holistic view of administration. … I think that that’s something that sets it apart.” At only four years old, the program still has room to grow but is developing quickly. “Each year, the demand is a little more,” Bennett said. “We get a decent number of applications for the eight to 10 slots that we fill.” But the program itself will also advance and adjust over time, potentially beginning with a change to its current length. “A semester-long effort would

be something to think about,” Bennett said. “In 12 weeks, you get the general idea and get a good first exposure into what this world is all about.” Chiao-Wen Lan GS, a masters student in public health, said she wished future iterations of the program would connect current students with alums. Overall, many students said they greatly appreciate the program and see it as a natural extension of their academic careers. For Lan, the program offers a chance to understand the mechanisms behind the support structure she has cherished. “Being here at Brown as a graduate student exposed me to a lot of student support that I wasn’t exposed to as an undergrad,” she said. The assistance she has received has since sparked her interest in student affairs. Both Gostenhofer and Were said the program is a continuation of their established involvement with student support and university administration. Packing up his things before his BEST seminar on Wednesday, Were called the program “a great experience.” Asked if he was excited for the discussion, he added, “Oh, yeah. I always look forward to them.”

» FESTIVAL, from page 1

While this year’s festival was not planned around a specific theme, “Jeune et Jolie” finds company in its unrelenting realism and propensity for difficult and mature themes. Coming from famous French and Francophone directors like Claude Lanzmann, Xavier Dolan and Mathieu Kassovitz, the films tackle an anti-American look at the Vietnam War, the Holocaust, the life experiences of a transsexual man and a colonial revolution, respectively. “Blue is the Warmest Color,” which has already received attention in the United States as much for its 15-minute sex scene as for its award-worthy performances and frank look at the lives of two young women in love, rounds out the festival on March 2. For audiences seeking a lighter mood, the festival offers animated features on the weekends and a few comedies, like “Bowling” and “Populaire.” “It’s not all serious and intense all the way through,” Manning said. The films have almost all been released within the past year, with the exception of “Far from Vietnam,” a restored1967 documentary. Rendez-Vous with French Cinema, New York City’s French film festival, has first claim on new releases in the United States, limiting those available to Cable Car. During its 19 years, the festival has expanded beyond its student-based horizons to incorporate the broader Providence community, Manning said, though some French and MCM classes will still suggest or mandate that students attend screenings. As in last year’s festival, no speakers will be attending — a decision, like the selection of the films themselves, based on cost and availability, Manning said. But the festival has otherwise remained remarkably untouched, he said. The recent death of long-time festival coordinator Shoggy Waryn, senior lecturer in French Studies, has evoked bittersweet feelings from those in the community. “This year’s Festival will be tinged with sadness, but I hope that it will also be an opportunity to celebrate cinema the way he would have wanted it,” Ravillon wrote.

teenager to this point, while Isabelle herself wonders when her mother will stop resenting her for her choices. The need for motive becomes the all-consuming force of the film. Perhaps she did it because of her detached first sexual encounter on a beach with that German boy. Perhaps it was because of her estranged relationship with her father. Perhaps she liked the power. Isabelle tells varying stories to mother, therapist, stepfather, police and brother alike, and viewers begin to understand how slippery intention can be. Every once in a while, the movie shifts to a scene straight out of “Mean Girls” or “10 Things I Hate about You” — the high school poetry class, the party where teens try alcohol for the first time as pop music blares in the background. But it does so to remind you this isn’t one of those movies. It’s a film to make you uncomfortable, to give you questions without answers, to rediscover the idea that not every desire is straightforward and that not every story about sex comes from a male perspective. Fairytale chivalry does not exist in Isabelle’s life — men do not hold the key to her ivory tower. Hollywood could learn a thing or two. Luckily, from Sundance to Cannes, film festivals tend to be among the best teachers. Nearing its second decade, the French Film Festival offers its own twists on the typical festival circuit. Sponsored by the University’s French and Modern Culture and Media Departments, the festival offers accessibility to students — four tickets for 20 dollars — and a variety of rarely seen films. The selections span the Frenchspeaking world. This year’s festivals include films from Canada, Haiti and Belgium, said Richard Manning, the MCM Department’s film archivist and a festival coordinator. The 2014 festival comprises 19 different films chosen from a broad list that was eventually narrowed down based on availability and cost, Manning said.

4 feature » RURAL, from page 1 to reach out to high-performing rural students. The problems of proportion “There are wildly talented students all over the country, and it’s our responsibility to make Brown accessible,” says Dean of Admission Jim Miller ’73. Many students do not have schools like Brown on their radar. Some have never heard of it, while others are intimidated by the hefty price tag. Even when admission officers travel the country, many states, especially in the Midwest, have such low population densities that it is impossible to hold information sessions reaching a broad swath of potential students. High school students from certain rural areas are not applying to Brown and its peer institutions in great numbers, according to applicant demographic data. Even when accounting for population differences, many sparsely populated states account for a disproportionately small share of Brown’s applicant pool, according to data from the 2010 U.S. Census and applicant demographic data provided by the Office of Admission. Though Florida and Texas account for a combined 4 percent of domestic applicants to the class of 2018, the states make up over 14 percent of the U.S. population. Low-population states in the Midwest and West like North Dakota and Wyoming have even lower rates of representation. California, New York, Massachusetts and New Jersey were the top four

states for applications in this year’s admission cycle and altogether represent nearly 50 percent of the domestic applicant pool. Each of the New England states, as well as New Jersey, New York, Maryland, California and Washington, D.C., were overrepresented, holding significantly larger portions of the domestic applicant pool than their shares of the U.S. population. Entering small-town America Reaching students from rural and low-income backgrounds presents unique challenges, so many universities employ specialized methods to connect with these students. The University buys high-scoring high school students’ contact information from the College Board in order to send them information about Brown. Such efforts publicize the University’s brand and financial aid options, Miller says. Moving forward, the Admission Office is working to “use other electronic means … to reach as many people as we can,” he adds. Admission officers also travel to rural regions, often participating in joint trips with peer institutions. The University has collaborated with two separate groups of peer institutions on nationwide travel, conducting one set of trips with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Yale and another with Cornell, the University of Chicago, Rice University and Columbia. On such trips, targeted areas often include “a number of schools that have high populations of low-income


students” as part of a goal of “reaching students we think might not normally talk about a place like Brown,” Miller adds. The University also aims to publicize its need-blind admission policy better in order to attract low-income candidates, Miller says. Brown isn’t the only school taking action. At a White House summit last month, over 100 higher education institutions announced wide-ranging commitments to opening the doors for a broader range of applicants, The Herald reported at the time. Many of the initiatives announced at the summit involve boosting outreach efforts to students from rural and low-income backgrounds. Joint information sessions and travel trips as well as direct mailing, emailing and developing stronger social media presences are popular tools for universities. But some peer institutions are stepping up efforts in more prominent ways than Brown. At the White House summit, Yale announced a new joint recruitment trip with Harvard, Princeton and the University of Virginia in the fall, according to information released from the White House. The trip will target underrepresented areas like South Texas, Arkansas and West Virginia with a message focused on accessibility. “Everybody is very concerned about access and affordability,” says Lucie Lapovsky, principal for Lapovsky Consulting and an expert in higher education finance and governance. ‘Don’t apply to Brown’ Despite recruitment efforts to

Applications to the class of 2018, proportional to state population

>100% proportional representation 50-100% < 50%

Source: 2010 U.S. Census; Brown Office of Admission


connect with students from all geographic backgrounds, obstacles ingrained in rural communities’ academic culture can be difficult to surmount. For many Brown students, high school was a place for padding a resume — competing in a number of extracurricular activities and earning top SAT scores. Before high school even began, many knew they wanted to gain admission to an elite private university. But many students from rural backgrounds grew up in more relaxed atmospheres with “different expectations for what people will do with their lives,” says Emma Funk ’16, of Fairbanks, Alaska. The Admission Office takes environmental differences into consideration when making admission decisions, Miller says. “We’re very conscious of what opportunities are available” to some rural applicants, he says. Facing a dearth of rigorous academic opportunities, students who find their way to Brown from certain rural areas are often self-driven. Audrey Fierberg ’15.5 knew she wanted to leave her 4,000-person town of Leland, Mich. In search of better opportunities than her hometown could offer, she chose to enter Bard College at Simon’s Rock, an early college in Massachusetts, after her sophomore year of high school. She graduated from Simon’s Rock last spring and came to the University this semester. “I just couldn’t live where I lived anymore and get the education I needed,” she says. Funk says her high school peers considered her “an anomaly” for her academic drive and desire to leave Alaska to attend a private institution. Fairbanks wasn’t a popular destination for college recruiters, Funk said, so she conducted college research on her own and with her family’s help. Without access to admission officers, students like Funk must rely on themselves, families or high school counselors to learn about college opportunities. Frequently, though, college counseling in rural areas falls flat. Many high school counselors do not encourage students to pursue a full range of options, Lapovsky says, adding that students from these areas are frequently pushed toward public schools without learning about private institutions with generous financial aid policies. Counselors may not be prepared to help students with applying to more competitive schools. “Guidance counselors have to encourage them to think of (elite schools) as realistic possibilities,” Lapovsky says. Attending a university like Brown is “not in people’s consciousness where I’m from,” Lutken says. The counselors at his high school in Mississippi steered

students toward state schools closer to home. “Even my guidance counselors were like, ‘Don’t apply to Brown — that’s stupid,’” recalls Wesley Sanders ’15, who hails from Shepherdstown, W.Va. The teachers at his high school had never heard of Brown, and few classmates applied to comparable institutions. ‘East Coast culture shock’ But geographic background and the level of academic rigor might not be the only criteria that separate rural students from their peers. “I think people aren’t always really conscious of their wealth at Brown,” says Margaret Dushko ’15, who is from a “tiny” village in upstate New York. “I go to school with people who are a lot richer than I am,” Lutken says. His Mississippi county has massive income disparities and many people living in abject poverty. Lutken’s upbringing gave him a more frugal view of spending than many of his friends from the Northeast, he says. Funk describes coming to Brown as “East Coast culture shock.” College Hill has more “conspicuous consumption” and “a different sense of how status works,” she says. “It’s been a combination of privilege and random blessings that I’m here,” Fierberg says. Most students in her community come from low-income families, and some are children of migrant farm workers. Her hometown school system is underfunded, so college counseling often fails to prepare students to apply to competitive colleges. “It’s heartbreaking, because there are so many people who do have talent who could succeed,” she adds. For the students who leave their rural hometowns, the move to a larger city continues to be an adjustment. Dushko’s hometown, Sherburne, is a village of about 1,400 in upstate New York. The girl who grew up among cornfields is baffled by comments about the slow nightlife in Providence. Fierberg was also forced to adjust to urban college life. “It’s dead silent where I live, except for coyotes,” she says. But leaving behind high schools with limited educational opportunities and entering a strong academic environment made the transition worthwhile, students say. “I very much wanted to be somewhere radically different,” Funk says. Sanders recalls his first impression of Brown during ADOCH — “fairytale-esque.” Arriving on campus, he was excited to encounter students who were equally driven and passionate. “You come from a place where you’re a big fish in a small pond and suddenly you’re with all these other fast-swimming fish.”






Bears face off versus struggling squads Talented, deep roster promises robust results Team returns proficient goalie Roddy ’15, leading scorer Hudgins ’14 and six other starters By LAINIE ROWLAND SPORTS STAFF WRITER


All-Ivy forward Matt Lorito ’15 picked up a goal and two assists last weekend against Princeton and then-No. 4 Quinnipiac. The Bears need similar production against a staunch Harvard defense.

Bruno’s weekend road trip will be last set of regular season games away from Meehan Auditorium By ANDREW FLAX SENIOR STAFF WRITER

As the season winds to a close, the men’s hockey team is on the road at Dartmouth and Harvard this weekend, hoping to keep building momentum before the ECAC tournament in two weeks. The Bears enter the weekend riding high after Saturday’s win over thenNo. 4 Quinnipiac. But facing two of

the bottom four teams in the conference may be more challenging than it sounds, especially since Bruno lost at home last weekend to last-place Princeton. The Big Green are also on a roll, going 2-0-0 last weekend with road wins over St. Lawrence and fifth-place Clarkson. The Crimson was undefeated on their road weekend as well, tying the Saints and defeating the Golden Knights to move up to ninth place in the conference, one spot behind the Bears. Bruno is now three points behind Rensselaer for seventh, so catching the Engineers looks unlikely. The best outcome from this weekend would be

to widen the one-point lead the Bears hold over Harvard and St. Lawrence for eighth place — and home ice in the first round of the tournament. Friday: Brown (10-12-3, 7-10-1 ECAC) at Dartmouth (6-16-3, 5-12-1) The Big Green has been a conference doormat all season, trading last place with Princeton as it endured multiple five-plus game winless streaks. But Dartmouth looked like an entirely new team last weekend, traveling to New York and shellacking St. Lawrence 3-1 and Clarkson 6-1 in their own houses. It remains to be seen » See M. HOCKEY, page S3

Home games against Iona College and Sacred Heart University this weekend mark the end of preseason training and the start of a new campaign for the women’s lacrosse team. The Bears graduated only four seniors in 2013, returning eight starters and adding eight rookies to a team balanced with experience and depth. The team will look to players like four-year starter and co-captain Bre Hudgins ’14 to power the offense. She can score goals — lots of them. Hudgins comes into the season with 121 career goals, including 37 last year alone. She also dished out 12 assists to lead the team in scoring with 49 points. Opponents should also be wary of midfielder and co-captain Abby Bunting ’15, who collected 32 goals last season and scored in all but one game. Bruno also possesses a formidable defensive lineup. Co-captain Erin Roos ’14, whose 58 career caused turnovers rank her seventh in Brown’s history, will anchor the team’s defense and make opponents work for their goals. Goalie Kellie Roddy ’15 will return after leading the Ivy League in goals against average, making several crucial saves at high pressure moments

for the Bears last season. The team will look for contributions from its other two co-captains, Grace Healy ’14 and Abbey Van Horne ’14. Van Horne, another four-year starter, will be key to Brown’s defensive efforts, earning 10 ground balls last season and racking up seven caused turnovers. Healy smashed Brown’s draw control, or faceoff win, record last season and she looks to be a threatening presence again this season. But upperclassmen will not be the squad’s only assets. With a first-year class that is eight strong, the Bears’ new blood will prove an advantage on the field. “We have a lot of (first-years) who are willing to step in right away,” said Head Coach Keely McDonald ’00. “It’s going to be a fresh squad even with strong returners.” The Bears have been busy in the offseason. They held their first team practice Feb. 1 and have been training in all sorts of weather — including snow — ever since. McDonald cited the team’s work ethic and determination as key strong points going into the season. The players focus on improving by being competitive every day in practice drills and scrimmages, McDonald said. “Everything has a winner and loser,” she said. “That prepares us best for the season.” McDonald said team chemistry will also work in the Bears’ favor. The team makes an effort in the offseason to bond and connect as much as » See W. LACROSSE, page S3


Co-captain Kuakumensah ’16 crushes Quakers with double-double Sophomore posted 18 points, 10 boards, two blocks and two steals as Bears cruised past Penn By CALEB MILLER SPORTS EDITOR

Since earning a starting spot in his first collegiate game last year, Cedric Kuakumensah ’16 has made opponents think twice before taking the ball to the rim. The 6-foot-9 forward blocked 66 shots in his first season, a school record and the all-time highest for a first-year in the Ivy League. His rimprotecting earned Kuakumensah Ivy Defensive Player of the Year last season, and he has not missed a bit in his sophomore campaign, notching 57 blocks thus far. Kuakumensah showed he was more than just a swat-machine Saturday as he racked up 18 points and 10 rebounds in a win over Penn. Defensively, Kuakumensah added two blocks and two steals in the first half, carrying the Bears for the first 20 minutes of play. For his record-breaking shot-blocking and his double-double Saturday, The Herald has made Kuakumensah our Athlete of the Week.

Herald: How did you first start playing basketball? Kuakumensah: I started playing basketball when I was in third grade. A couple of my teachers, and one of my friends told me I should try basketball, so I tried out for my elementary school team. I’ve been playing ever since. What made you want to play college basketball at Brown? It wasn’t until my junior year that the Ivy League started to seem so appealing to me. My coach at Saint Andrew’s (School) kept telling me that the Ivy League would be the perfect opportunity for me, and I could have a great balance between academics and athletics. I started looking into it, and I was amazed at what Brown could offer me. How were you able to be so successful against Penn this weekend? The guys on the Penn team were very, very big guys. I knew that trying to stand and jump with them wasn’t really going to work for me, so I tried to use my speed as much as possible. Then the guys on the team like (Sean McGonagill, Tavon Blackmon and Steven Spieth) put me in great positions to succeed. When I was open, they got the ball to me. Everyone was looking for me when I got hot.

You’re on pace to shatter the career shot-blocking record at Brown. What does something like that mean to you? It’s good to know I’m on pace to shatter that, but if I could trade it all away for more wins, I would do that. I don’t necessarily look at the shot blocks, because blocking shots comes with a lot of fouls. It looks good that I’m blocking all these shots, but I have to fine-tune some things, because I’m also picking up a lot of fouls. A couple times this year — and twice in the game against Penn — you have stepped out and knocked down some 17-foot jumpers. When did you start feeling comfortable adding that range to your game? It’s something that I’ve really worked on in the summer. I was taking them earlier in the season, but they weren’t falling. Just recently I’ve been putting in a lot of time in the gym, getting up shots after practice with some guys. What’s better: blocking a big shot or throwing down a dunk? I think what’s most exciting for me is when I block a shot, and it leads to an easy two points for us. Blocking one out of the gym is fun, but at the end of the day, (the opponent) still (has) possession. So I like when I block shots that lead to baskets.


Cedric Kuakumensah ’16 began playing basketball in the third grade and is now on pace to break Brown’s all-time record for blocked shots.

S2 sports commentary NHL: Keep national team on ice BY JACK BLASBERG sports columnist

The U.S. men’s hockey team is marching inexorably toward the ultimate goal of an Olympic gold medal. Led by Jon Quick, TJ Oshie and Patrick Kane, the Yanks finished the group stage of the Winter Olympics’ premier team event seeded second behind only Sweden. With Wednesday’s commanding 5-2 victory over the Czech Republic, the red, white and blue appear poised to win the tournament. Russia stumbled earlier in the day and was eliminated by lowly Finland, while reigning gold medalist Canada barely snuck past Latvia. As these powerhouses struggle, the Americans’ path to the gold medal game appears wide-open. After winning the silver medal in Vancouver and posting stellar results thus far in Sochi, U.S. hockey seems destined for a long run of success on sport’s most prestigious stage. But a potential major policy change threatens to derail this reign. The challenge comes not from foreign competition but rather from one of America’s domestic strengths: the NHL. The NHL has suspended its regular season for two weeks every four years since 1998 in order to allow its players the opportunity to represent their countries in the hunt for an Olympic gold medal. But there are questions

as to whether or not this practice will continue for the 2018 games in Pyeongchang, South Korea. While the players relish the opportunity to compete for the most elusive title in their sport, owners and executives for the North American professional teams are less enthused by the risks inherent in the process. While the teams may comprise all-star players, these are not all-star games being played in Sochi. Injuries really happen and — given the density of high-priced talent — they often strike players vital to their domestic teams’ Stanley Cup hopes. This year, in a game for his native Sweden, former Conn Smythe winner Henrik Zetterberg suffered a herniated disc, an injury that will limit his role in the Detroit Red Wings’ playoff push. Ryan Kesler, the 2011 Selke Award winner for the Vancouver Canucks, was also injured in the past week when his hand was crushed by an Alexander Ovechkin slapshot. Kesler is in the midst of a six-year, $30 million contract while Zetterberg, Detroit’s captain, is playing out a 12-year $73 million deal. Both will be paid by their NHL teams regardless of whether their injuries cause them to miss games. Given uncertainty over whether NHL players’ participation in the Olympics boosts ratings for their proteams back home, owners seeking to avoid wasted financial commitments have ample motivation to keep their stars out of their international stripes.

While all international teams would be impacted by any change to the NHL policy, the United States would be among the hardest hit. Of the 12 teams competing in this year’s tournament, Canada and the United States are the only two fielding the entirety of their 25-man rosters from the ranks of current NHL professionals. Sweden only has one player who does not play in North America. These countries are first, second and third — Sweden is tied with Russia — respectively in historical men’s hockey medal counts. Together, these teams have won five of a possible 12 medals in the three NHL Olympics. Any decision from the NHL that would prevent players from leaving their teams mid-season would negatively impact these nations’ ability to compete for future medals. At the annual World Championships, a tournament for which the NHL does not stop its season, the United States has not taken home a gold medal since 1960 and boasts only three bronze medals since then. Intensifying this potential struggle is Russia’s ability to field a strong team from its domestic league, the KHL. Only 16 of the 25 Russian players currently play in the NHL — forward Ilya Kovalchuk retired from the league after the 2012-13 season in order to play in his home country. During the Soviet years, the Russians won seven gold medals but have failed to take » See NHL, page S4


Duke’s small ball departs from Coach K’s philosophy DEREK LEVINSON sports columnist

By the standards of Duke University’s basketball team, the first half of this season was a disappointment. The Blue Devils lost a close game at the University of Notre Dame, were routed at Clemson University, and, most embarrassingly, just managed a 91-90 home victory against mid-major University of Vermont. A few weeks into ACC play, the team had fallen to 18th in an Associated Press poll. This would hardly qualify as a disaster for most programs, but it marked the first time Duke was ranked outside of the top ten since 2007, and it came from one of Coach Mike Krzyzewski’s most talented lineups. After Vermont, it seemed obvious what was wrong with the Blue Devils. Their offense was arguably the best in the country, but the defense was abysmal. After all, the team gave up 90 points to Vermont in regulation. It’s difficult to win games against the likes of University of Kansas and University of Arizona when your team’s defense would not be ranked in the top 100. Coach K seemed lost without a dominant big man. Quinn Cook has long been known as a below average defender, and it might not have been a compliment when pundits compared Jabari Parker to Carmelo Anthony. The defense looked bad, but it was Duke. I assumed Coach K would solve the team’s defensive woes and the Blue Devils would reemerge as a national championship contender. Now, Duke is red-hot. But improvement has come about in the unlikeliest of ways. The defense has improved only marginally, if at all. The offense, already elite, only got better. Duke’s problems on defense essentially come down to protecting the paint. The guards have trouble keeping ball handlers in front of them, and Marshall Plumlee is not the force inside that his older brothers were. Coach K solved the problem in the boldest fashion — he ignored it. While I am sure he has addressed numerous flaws in their defense in practice, his lineups suggest that the best way to fix Duke’s defense might just be to make it irrelevant. Leading scorers Rasheed Sulaimon and Andre Dawkins sucked up many of Tyler Thornton’s minutes, a definite downgrade defensively. The seven-foot Plumlee, once a key part of Duke’s title hopes, watches the 6-foot-8-inch Amile Jefferson and Jabari Parker struggle to hold their own against opposing teams’ big men. These small ball lineups will never be great defensively, but they can score. Duke’s offense is rated second in the nation, averaging nearly 1.2 points per possession. An interior presence has always been essential to building a great defense, but if anything, Coach K has historically relied on his centers even more on the offensive end of the floor. Coach K has incorporated more set plays into his offense lately, but the Duke attack is still based on a postup heavy motion offense. Without a center on the floor, and, occasionally,

without a real power forward, Duke stands little chance of scoring off of classic post-entry passes to the low block. To solve this problem, Duke uses its undersized forwards to post-up farther from the goal. Duke has also mastered feeding the post in between defensive adjustments. If Parker gets positioning near the basket, the defense will likely front the post and cover the lob over the top with help from a weak-side defender. If the man guarding Parker plays correctly, he will step over the post on the ball side just as the help defender is rotating over. While he’s doing so, Duke will throw a lob or high post feed, not toward the basket, but to the side of Parker that is momentarily left open while the defender maneuvers to front the post. Parker will catch the ball while spinning off the defender and go straight into a dunk or short jumper. The timing and skill involved in executing this is rare to see at the college level. Duke’s post play is terrific, but it is only effective because of how well its guards spread the floor. At no point was this characteristic better displayed than in its overtime loss at Syracuse. With Parker fouled out, Coach K elected to play four guards and leave 6-foot-4-inch Andre Dawkins to guard the 6-foot8-inch Jerami Grant. Recognizing the mismatch, Syracuse gave Grant three isolation post-ups in a row that led to several easy buckets for the Orange. It seemed like an obvious mistake by Coach K, but Dawkins also hit two threes in overtime, giving Duke a chance to win. Duke lost the game but scored nearly 1.3 points per possession. Even more intriguing was how the Blue Devils beat the Syracuse zone. Duke took exactly half of its field goal attempts from beyond the arc and nearly shot better from three than from two. Many of its threes were from straight away, which is rare against man-to-man defenses but common against most 2-3 zones. Coach Jim Boeheim’s zone differs from other 2-3 zones by being designed to take away exactly that shot. Instead of sagging back to behind the three point line, the Syracuse guards will extend beyond the arc to challenge the ball carrier. The Duke guards found a limit to how far Syracuse was willing to go with that philosophy. Syracuse guards Tyler Ennis and Trevor Cooney were unwilling to extend the zone as far away as Duke was willing to shoot from. Duke’s possessions in overtime primarily involved a few passes around the perimeter followed by a deep three, with no real attempt at initiating an offense. I’m curious what adjustments Boeheim will make for the rematch this Saturday. The answer might be none. Syracuse could just sit back and hope Duke does not continue to hit 40 percent of its shots from NBA three-point range. On that end of the floor, there’s no other way to beat the Blue Devils.

Derek Levinson ’17 is looking for someone to watch the Syracuse-Duke game with him this weekend. Hit him up at

schedule S3


» M. HOCKEY, from page S1 which Dartmouth team will show up Friday: the one that took the ice last weekend, or the one the Bears have already beaten twice this season. After ranking 11th in the ECAC in goals per game headed into last weekend, Dartmouth has jumped all the way to eighth at 2.64, only 0.08 behind Brown. But the Big Green’s strong defensive weekend was not enough to dig them out of 11th place in goals against average, which now hangs at 3.51. Dartmouth’s reasonably potent offense is led by junior forward Eric Neiley, who came alive this weekend, scoring two goals and adding three assists to boost his team-leading point total to 20. Sophomore goalie Charles Grant has played poorly overall, posting a .896 save percentage, but was a brick wall this weekend, stopping 63 of 65 shots for a .969 weekend save percentage. Opponents outshot the Big Green in both its games last weekend, and as impressive as their wins were, there is no reason to believe this team has changed since it lost to Brown in October and December. Though the Bears

» M. LACROSSE, from page 1 we’re going to lean on him early.” Larken Kemp ’17 and Alec Tulett ’17 have earned spots in the team’s defensive rotation for their performances in preseason training, high level of talent and because of the graduation of three starting defenders, Tiffany said. With so many first-years set to play a large role on the team this season, the Bears will rely on strong senior leadership to help guide the younger players. Sam Hurster ’14, Daniel Mellynchuk ’14, Philip Pierce ’14 and Peter Vivonetto ’14 were all named team captains, and each bolsters the team with unique attributes. “Hurster brings big-game experience and scoring talent to the offense,” Tiffany said. “Pierce understands the combination of mental and physical toughness required to be great. Mellynchuk brings versatility to

squeaked by in overtime at Meehan, they should have a great shot to win in Hanover. Saturday: Brown at Harvard (912-4, 5-9-4) The Crimson has also been a bottom-feeder this season, keeping Dartmouth and Princeton company at the wrong end of the standings. And just like Dartmouth, Harvard posted two good road showings last weekend, though in much less convincing fashion. The Crimson tied St. Lawrence 2-2 and beat Clarkson 1-0 in overtime for a total goal differential of plus-one, which pales in comparison to Dartmouth’s plus-seven. Harvard was also badly outshot in both games, returning home with a total shot deficit of 72-39. Teams rarely win games with such differentials, meaning Harvard’s good results are likely unsustainable. Harvard’s offense is among the weakest in the conference, placing 11th in the ECAC with 2.48 goals per game. The Crimson’s lack of firepower is surprising, given that a remarkable six of Harvard’s forwards have been drafted by NHL teams, though two of those players have played a combined single game this season. Among these

stars, sophomore Jimmy Vesey is the team’s leader with 22 points. Vesey was a third-round draft pick of the Nashville Predators in the 2012 NHL Entry Draft. The Crimson’s greatest strength comes on defense, which is also filled with pro prospects. Junior goalie and Minnesota Wild 2011 draft pick Steven Michalek leads the ECAC with a .927 save percentage, and sophomore Raphael Girard ­— with whom Michalek splits playing time — is not far behind at .923 for the season. Harvard’s lineup also features two drafted defensemen, helping explain why the team ranks sixth in the conference in goals against average at 2.52. Harvard may be one of the most talented teams in the conference, but injuries and poor execution have sabotaged its hopes for this season. Taking on a talented team is difficult no matter what, and the Crimson is far from harmless, though it could not stand up to the Bears when they met in December. Bruno held a 32-18 advantage in shots on goal and put two past Girard to grab a 2-1 victory. The Bears should find a similar result in Cambridge if they hope to hold on to their spot in the standings.

the team — he has changed positions this year, and he’s made the transition quickly and smoothly, from midfield to defense. And Vivonetto is the glue. He’s a man who focuses on the team culture and camaraderie.” Bruno still needs to figure out how to fill the major role of playmaker. George Sherman ’13, winner of the team’s offensive MVP award, racked up 15 assists in 14 games as a starting attacker last year. This season, Stephen Chmil ’14 will step up in the midfield. “Chmil plays offense, defense, and he understands our transition game,” Tiffany said. “He’s going to be leaned on heavily to control the pace of play and to ignite our offense.” Chmil will be surrounded by a solid attacking core that will help him rack up Sherman-esque assist tallies. Henry Blynn ’16, Nick Piroli ’15 and Hurster accounted for nearly half of Bruno’s scoring last season, and the

trio will look to Chmil to find them on the offensive end of the field. One source of consistency for the Bears is goalie Jack Kelly ’16. As a first-year, Kelly started nine of Bruno’s 14 games and posted a 53.3 save percentage — the fourth best mark in the conference. “Experience is always important for player development, but Kelly is an interesting case,” Tiffany said. “Last year as a (first-year), he played as if he had already been starting for three years. He has an uncanny poise in the cage and plays with a confidence that belies his age.” Bruno will travel to Quinnipiac University for both sides’ first game of the season Saturday. The Bobcats took down the Bears 8-6 last year, but Brown holds a 4-1 advantage all-time over Quinnipiac. Bruno’s new faces will have a chance to prove that this year’s squad can make a run at the Ivy League title.

» W. LACROSSE, from page S1 possible, she said. “From day one, we’ve been pushing one another every day to show up and be our best while supporting and loving each other unconditionally off the field,” Maeve Flaherty ’16 wrote in an email to The Herald. “The tone that our captains and senior class have set for our team has been extraordinary and inspires the team everyday.” The 2013 team went 9-6 overall and 2-5 in the Ivy League, placing it in a tie for fifth in the final Ivy League standings. Bruno ended the year with two tough losses: a nail-biting overtime defeat to first-place Penn, which would go on to win the conference championship, and a narrow loss to Yale in the final game of the season. Despite finishing on a four-game

losing streak, the Bears posted a strong year overall, demonstrating their ability to hang with the top teams in the league. Of five Ivy losses, four were by three goals or fewer. The team improved on 2012’s 1-6 conference record. The squad comes back this year seeking redemption and with high hopes. “We want to build off of every game and get better every day,” McDonald said. Brown will host Iona Saturday and Sacred Heart Sunday in its first two games of the season. Saturday’s faceoff will also be Iona’s first game of the season. McDonald said she expected the Gaels to exhibit “scrappy and feisty” play. The Bears have dominated Sacred Heart in past years but have not faced Iona in recent history.

SCHEDULE Home Meehan - Friday 7 p.m.

Women’s Hockey vs. Dartmouth

Away Meehan - Saturday 4 p.m.

Women’s Hockey vs. Harvard

Dartmouth - Friday 7:05 p.m.

Men’s Hockey vs. Dartmouth

Harvard - Saturday 7 p.m.

Men’s Hockey vs. Harvard

(4-18-5, 3-14-3 ECAC) || (7-18-1, 6-13-1)

(4-16-5, 3-12-3 ECAC) || (20-4-3, 15-3-2)

(10-12-3, 7-10-1 ECAC) || (6-16-3, 5-12-1)

(10-12-3, 7-10-1 ECAC) || (9-12-4, 5-9-4)

Previous Matchup Brown 3, Dartmouth 3

Previous Matchup Brown 0, Harvard 3

Previous Matchup Brown 3, Dartmouth 2, OT

Previous Matchup Brown 2, Harvard 1

Pizzitola - Friday 7 p.m.

Pizzitola - Saturday 6 p.m.

Columbia - Friday 7pm

Cornell - Saturday 8 p.m.

W. Basketball vs. Columbia

W. Basketball vs. Cornell

Men’s Basketball vs. Columbia

Men’s Basketball vs. Cornell

Previous Matchup Brown 79, Columbia 57

Previous Matchup Brown 70, Cornell 80

Previous Matchup Brown 64, Columbia 56

Previous Matchup Brown 78, Cornell 66

Moran Aquatics Center - Thursday-Sunday

Pizzitola - Saturday 4 p.m.

Harvard - Saturday

Princeton - Saturday-Sunday

Women’s Swimming and Diving Ivy Championships

Gymnastics Ivy Classic

Track and Field @ USATF New England

Women’s Sqush CSA Team Championships

Last Year Brown, 7th place (2013)

Last Year Brown 193.925, 1st (2013)

Previous Meet Brown Invitational

Last Year Brown, 8th (A Division)

(8-14, 2-6 Ivy) || (5-17, 2-6 Ivy)

(8-14, 2-6 Ivy) || (12-10, 4-4 Ivy)

(13-9, 5-3 Ivy) || (15-10, 4-4 Ivy)

(13-9, 5-3 Ivy) || (2-20, 1-7 Ivy)





Bruno’s playoff outlook: Is this our year?

With winter playoffs upon us, The Herald used its extensive Bruno knowledge to estimate the chances of each squad hoisting a conference trophy TEAM MEN’S BASKETBALL

SCHEDULE At Columbia: Feb 21 At Cornell: Feb. 22 At Penn: Feb. 28 At Princeton: March 1 Vs. Dartmouth: March 7 Pizzitola Center Vs. Harvard: March 8 Pizzitola Center


Vs. Columbia: Feb 21 Vs. Cornell: Feb. 22 Vs. Penn: Feb. 28 Vs. Princeton: March 1 at Pizzitola Center At Dartmouth: March 7 At Harvard: March 8

PREDICTION 21 percent chance of an Ivy League title With three-time defending Ivy champion Harvard standing in their way and a close loss to Princeton Friday, the Bears certainly have their work cut out for them in the season’s final six games. But Bruno needs a little help: a Yale loss, a Harvard loss and a Harvard win over Yale. Assuming these take place, and the Bears can win the next five games—four of which come against team they have beaten this year—they set up a showdown with Harvard at the Pizzitola Center in the last game of the year. A win in this game would earn Bruno a share of the Ivy League crown.

3 percent chance of an Ivy League title With six games remaining, the Ivy title seems like a faraway dream. Even if Bruno ran the table, it would be difficult to bring the trophy home unless Harvard, Penn and Princeton all suffered major crises in their almost undefeated campaigns. With an experienced team and a well-balanced offense, led by Lauren Clarke’14 and driven by Sophie Bikofsky ‘15’s nation-best trey percentage, the Bears may have a chance to turn their 2-6 Ivy record to a winning one. A challenge, obviously, but perfectly doable considering they have already played every team in the conference and know what to expect.


ECAC First-Round Series March 7-9 Location/Opponent TBD

24 percent chance of an ECAC championship Last weekend’s win over Quinnipiac showed that the Bears can beat anyone, but a loss to Princeton shows they can lose to anyone too. If the team that beat the No. 4 Bobcats can show up, the Bears have a shot at repeating last year’s Cinderella run to the title game, but a first round exit might be just as likely.


Out of playoff contention

0 percent chance of an ECAC championship Two losses last weekend mathematically eliminated the Bears from a postseason spot.


Ivy League Classic Saturday, Feb. 23, 1 pm Pizzitola Center

51 percent chance of an Ivy League title The Ivy title defense begins Sunday for the gymnastics team, and the race is just as open as last year. Bruno has the added advantage of hosting the Classic. This and strong first-years Caroline Morant ’17 and Jorden Mitchell ’17 could replace the five seniors that contributed to last season’s crown.


Women’s Ivy Championships Feb. 20-22 Katherine Moran Coleman Aquatics Center

Women: 2 percent chance of an Ivy League title Men: 5 percent chance of an Ivy League title Both squads have been swept in Ivy competition this season. But many matches were very close and the championships are a different animal. The men’s chances rest on the fins of Tommy Glenn ’14, a two-time Ivy champion that can amass a huge number of team points. The women began their championship meet Thursday and finished Day One in sixth place with 191 team points — 250 points away from first-place Princeton. The swimmers are poised for a respectable top-five finish, but the deficit from Princeton may be insurmountable.

Men’s Ivy Championships Feb. 27 – March 1 Harvard University TRACK AND FIELD

Men’s and Women’s Indoor Ivy Heptagonal Championships March 1-2 Dartmouth College

Women: 10 percent chance of an Ivy League Heptagonal championship Men: 13 percent chance of an Ivy League Heptagonal championship Last season’s fourth-place finish at Heps was the highest for the men’s team in seven years, and the squad returns some vital contributers to that finish, including distance runner Ned Willig ’16 and decathaloner Evan Weinstolk ’14. But the team’s chances took a hit with the graduation of key seniors and John Spooney ’14, who competed in five events at last year’s Heps, taking the year off. The women’s team has seen significant success in jumps and distance events — primarily from captain Heidi Caldwell ’14 — and will likely improve on its eight-place finish last season, but the top spot is a couple seasons away.


CSA Team Championships Feb. 22-23 Princeton University

62 percent chance of a College Squash Association B Division championship The women are undefeated outside of the Ivy League this season, with notable wins over No. 7 Stanford and No. 11 George Washington University. Unfortunately, the Bears, ranked 10th in the country, are winless in the Ancient Eight. Luckily, the championships are broken into three, eight-team divisions and Bruno falls into the B division. This makes them one of the highest ranked clubs in the second tier and a contender for the B-division crown.


EIWA Championships March 8-9 Phildelphia, PA

1 percent chance of an Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association title Currently relegated to 17th in the EIWA, the Bruno grapplers are as long a shot as any to win the conference. With No. 4 Cornell — who swept the Bears 38-0 earlier this year — atop the league a Cinderella run from Bruno seems impossible. But look for captain Ophir Bernstein ’15 to make some noise in the 184-pound individual competition.

» NHL, from page S2 home the ultimate prize since 1988. Their ability to fill out the national team roster with domestic professionals in 2018 and beyond would give them a distinct advantage over their primary podium competition. While this year’s tournament may be over for the host nation, Russia’s prospects in future years could receive a distinct boost. The 1980 gold medal won by the U.S. team at Lake Placid, N.Y., is known as the “Miracle on Ice,” because the Americans defeated Soviet professionals with a collection of college amateurs. But a victory this year for the second-seeded red, white and

Follow Sports!

blue would be no miracle. The Russians are defeated, and the Canadians are scuffling. Four years ago, a similar U.S. team was narrowly bested in the gold medal game by a Sidney Crosby overtime wrist shot. With uncertainty over American stars’ ability to compete in future games, winning time is now for the Yanks. Otherwise, the United States may have to wait for another miracle to bring them back to the top of the hockey world.

Jack Blasberg ’16 is the T.J. Oshie of column writing. Contact him at

today 5



the search is on VERNEY-WOOLLEY

LUNCH Pasta with Eggplant and Olives, Chicken with Raisins and Olives, Quinoa with Kale and Olives

Breaded Chicken Fingers, Nacho Bar, New England Clam Chowder, Brussels Sprouts, Vegan Chana Masala

DINNER Slow Roast Pork Loin with Herbs, Stuffed Shells Florentine, Parsnips, Brownie a la Mode with Hot Fudge

Fried Scallop Roll, Mexican Cornbread Casserole, Garlicky Green Beans, Stewed Tomatoes, Stir Fried Tofu




Custom Mashed Potato Bar

Make-Your-Own Quesadillas




Clam Chowder, Minestrone, Beef with Bean Chili


The Brown provost position was featured Thursday as a top job on an ad. With Provost Mark Schlissel P’15 vacating his post this summer, the University is conducting an ongoing search for a successor.


comics Against the Fence | Lauren Stone

Bacterial Culture | Dana Schwartz RELEASE DATE– Friday, February 21, 2014

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis c r o s s 38wInstant o rreplay d ACROSS 3 Old-time 52 Isn’t busy

1 “Sesame Street” lessons 5 Logo, e.g. 11 NASA vehicle 14 Word spoken con affetto 15 Lead ore 16 “Should I take that as __?” 17 Device that tracks certain weather? 19 Ken. neighbor 20 Handle 21 Karaoke need 22 Together, in music 23 Make a mournful cry louder? 27 Bulldog, perhaps 28 German article 29 Lollapalooza gear 33 They may be in columns 36 More ironic 39 Follow, oaterstyle? 42 Short exile? 43 Tops 44 __-portrait 45 Watch 46 64-Across opposite 48 Run-of-the-mill letters? 56 Pie crust ingredient 57 Tidy sum 58 Warmer for a snowy day 60 Tree ring revelation 61 Eight maids-amilking? 64 46-Across opposite 65 Jeans measure 66 Auditor’s mark 67 Humerus locale 68 Expels 69 Santa __: dry winds DOWN 1 Rhine whines 2 Sounded like a flock

newsman 4 1972 missile pact 5 Id checker? 6 “Holy cow!” 7 Skycam carrier 8 The Beatles’ “__ Be” 9 Cain’s oldest son 10 Deface 11 Saved for the future 12 Blasé state 13 Hobby shop purchase 18 Stir 22 Accolades 24 Panache 25 Utah’s __ Mountains 26 Norse mythology source 29 Put away 30 “Where the Wild Things Are” boy 31 Winning the lottery, usually 32 Left rolling in the aisles 34 E’en if 35 Medicinal shrub 37 Annex, maybe

watcher 40 Jersey add-on 41 Hannity of “Hannity” 47 Gesture-driven hit 48 __ del Carmen, Mexico 49 Bright-eyed 50 Country sound 51 Put up

53 It originates from the left ventricle 54 Trap at a chalet 55 Spanish poet Federico García __ 59 Queries 61 __ chart 62 Cricket club 63 911 response letters


calendar TODAY



Reported to be the highest-budgeted film in Egyptian cinema, this adaptation of a best-selling novel features the diverse lives of Egyptians inhabiting an apartment building in downtown Cairo. Joukowsky Forum, Watson Institute 7 P.M. FAUST IN A BOX

Berlin artist Bridge Markland will perform a one-person show of music ranging from Madonna to Westernhagen to the Rolling Stones, in addition to speeches, texts and light tricks. McCormack Family Theater





Known for their cultural activism about issues such as gentrification in New York City, the Welfare Poets will hold a workshop and performance, followed by a reception. Smith-Buonanno Hall 106 7 P.M. WELCOME TO WANDALAND

Written by Distinguished Artist in Residence Ifa Bayeza and directed by Carl Hancock Rux, the endearing, funny new play explores the quest for self-definition during the 1960s. Churchill House




Drawing from the frameworks of Augusto Boal’s “Aesthetics of the Oppressed,” this workshop aims to redefine aesthetic perception, critical thinking and self-expression. Lyman Hall 005 2 P.M. CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS: EARLY ENCOUNTERS By Peg Slay (c)2014 Tribune Content Agency, LLC


In a three-part symposium, distinguished scholars will explore the era of religious pluralism in the Middle East provoked by the rise of Islam in the seventh century. Rhode Island Hall 108

6 diamonds & coal


DIAMONDS & COAL A diamond to the first-year who said she is not currently looking for an internship and did not know that CareerLAB was hosting a career fair. If only we could all be so lucky. Coal to Wendy Schiller, associate professor of political science and public policy, who said of the recent gubernatorial primary poll results, “I think it is always risky to make big generalizations.” It is NEVER risky to generalize. A diamond to Rep. Edith Ajello, D-Providence, who said of an upcoming bill proposing marijuana legalization, “Most Rhode Island voters agree it is time to end marijuana prohibition and start treating the product like alcohol.” Pot shots on Wriston? Count us in! Coal to the Undergraduate Council of Students member who said the Department of Facilities Management selected certain buildings for late-night access, because it “wanted to make sure that students using those spaces later at night wouldn’t make them too dirty.” So is that a no to the J. Walter Wilson challenge? A diamond to the men’s hockey player who said, “I think the biggest thing is just forgetting about what happened. … You can’t change the past.” We’re assuming he then burst into “Let it Go,” Idina-style. A diamond to Michele Meek, a parent of a Providence Public School District student, who said of busing problems, “If there’s someone at fault here, I blame the mayor’s office.” We normally blame it on the alcohol.



“We got Wi-Fi in 2010 and it was a huge deal.”

Coal to the sophomore who said, “Dining Services kind of stonewalled me — they wouldn’t give me the time of day.” Was it after 2 a.m.?

— Thomas Lutken ’14

See college hill on page 1.

Cubic zirconia to the student co-founder of Brown’s CubeSat team who said the team “had limited resources but large imaginations.” That’s what our ex-boyfriends told us too. Emphasis on ex. A diamond to Andrew Simmons, director of the CareerLAB, who said, “This is just one piece of the overall fabric that we have at Brown for advising.” Must be a pretty small blanket. A diamond to the state senator who proposed legislation to make Rhode Island-style calamari the state appetizer again after the bill failed to pass last year. Maybe the whole state should just consolidate into one Squid Ward.

Leave a comment online! Visit to comment on opinion and editorial content.

Editorial Leadership


Visuals & Production


Editor-in-Chief Eli Okun

Arts & Culture Editors Katherine Cusumano Andrew Smyth

Design Editors Brisa Bodell Einat Brenner Assistant: Loren Dowd Assistant: Carlie Peters Assistant: Taylor Schwartz Assistant: Sean Simonson

General Managers Jennifer Aitken Nicole Shimer

Managing Editors Mathias Heller Sona Mkrttchian Adam Toobin Senior Editors Maddie Berg Kate Nussenbaum BLOG DAILY HERALD Editor-in-Chief William Janover Managing Editors David Oyer Georgia Tollin POST- MAGAZINE Editor-in-Chief Ben Resnik COMMENTARY Editorial Page Editors Matt Brundage Rachel Occhiogrosso Opinions Editors Gabbie Corvese Sarah Rubin Maggie Tennis

Enterprise Editor Elizabeth Koh Features Editors Sabrina Imbler Maggie Livingstone Metro Editors Kate Kiernan Katherine Lamb Science & Research Editors Isobel Heck Sarah Perelman Sports Editors Caleb Miller Dante O’Connell University News Editors Kiki Barnes Michael Dubin Maxine Joselow Tonya Riley

Photo Editors Head: Tom Sullivan Brittany Comunale David Deckey Emily Gilbert Samuel Kase Sydney Mondry Video Editor Henry Chaisson Graphics Editors Andersen Chen Avery Crits-Cristoph Greg Jordan-Detamore Jillian Lanney Web Producer Joseph Stein Copy Desk Chief Claire Postman Assistant: Sara Palasits Illustrations Editor Angelia Wang

Directors Sales: Winnie Shao Finance: Sarah Levine Finance: Sameer Sarkar Alumni Relations: Alison Pruzan Business Dev.: Melody Cao

Location: 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I.


Editorial contact: 401-351-3372

Business contact: 401-351-3260

Office Manager Shawn Reilly

Corrections: The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication.

Sales Managers Regional: Edward Clifford Regional: Sarah Pariser Regional: Ananya Shukla Regional: Jessica Urrutia Student Group: Moniyka Sachar

Commentary: The editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial page board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only.

Finance Managers Collections: Jacqueline Finkelsztein Collections: Joshua Tartell Operations: Jessica O’Dell Alumni Relations Manager Engagement: Sarah Park Business Dev. Manager Project Leader: Kaden Lee

Letters to the Editor: Send letters to Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. Advertising: The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion. The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement and once during Orientation by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Single copy free for each member of the community. Subscription prices: $280 one year daily, $140 one semester daily. Copyright 2014 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Postmaster: Please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906.

commentary 7


The social innovation lifestyle BY BENJAMIN CHESLER guest columnist

Brown University was recently recognized by Ashoka U as one of 22 Changemaker Campuses for being a “leading institution in social innovation education.” But what is social innovation, and how is it relevant to us as students? Social innovation is the pursuit of transformative, innovative and sustainable solutions to the world’s problems. While this is a good definition, it doesn’t fully explain what social innovation means to me. To do that, I need to explain my experiences with social innovation and how the concept has influenced my life and my work. From the moment I heard of the term “social innovation,” I was obsessed with joining the “club” of social innovators, who in my mind were people who spoke at TED Talks, appeared on CNN, got awards and were named as Ashoka or Echoing Green Fellows for their work. I soon had my opportunity. During my first year at Brown, I co-founded the Food Recovery Network, which works with students on college campuses to recover food from their dining halls and donate it to people in need. The organization grew quickly, expanding to 50

colleges within two years. Soon we were receiving recognition for our work, from a Starr Fellowship to large foundation grants to interviews with news stations. We never got the coveted CNN, but MSNBC wasn’t too far from it. I was riding high at that point — I had done it. I had helped create an organization that recognized the interconnected problems of food waste and food insecurity and initiated a solution that had the potential to both end hunger in America and

I half-expected a club membership card to come in the mail, with the title “Ben Chesler: Social Innovator for Life.” After a year of hard work, I handed over the operations of FRN to a team of paid staff and returned to my “normal” life of hiking, theater and college classes, with the confidence of someone who had accomplished his goals in life. I was signed up for my first conference on social innovation, the Nexus: Global Youth Summit, excited to talk about my past work and re-

that is constantly changing, increasingly complex and interconnected. Problems are no longer confined to a small group of people — they are the result of many interrelated factors. A famine in a small province in China has implications for people across the world, from foreign tourists to American companies that import toys from factories in that province. And by the time we have “solved” the problem of the famine — through a government subsidy of food, for example — new challenges will arise. Even the solu-

We need people who will stop at nothing to solve the social problems of our era — people who are not discouraged by the complexities of the challenges we face, but rather empowered to create lasting change. help reduce the effect of global warming caused by the tens of billions of pounds of wasted food that we send to landfills every year. We were harnessing the power of college students and taking advantage of a tax credit that encouraged businesses to donate food. Everything we did fit right into the definition of social innovation. We created transformative, innovative and sustainable change. In my mind, I was a social innovator. I think

ceive congratulations for my accomplishments. What I experienced instead surprised me and helped clarify what social innovation really is. Every time I would tell people about FRN, they would say something along the lines of, “That’s awesome. So what project are you working on now?” What project am I working on now? I already solved the world’s problems, why would I need to do anything else? Here’s why: We live in a world

tions themselves create a whole range of problems which will need to be solved. The world never stops, and as a result the problems caused by the normal functioning of the world never stop. That’s where social innovators come in. Social innovation is not a side project that is separate from the rest of your life. It is a way of thinking about the world that values human rights, and it is expressed through actions that solve social problems. Ev-

ery discipline has a way of viewing the world: Economists put a monetary value on everything, and sociologists look at the interactions between people and groups of people to explain how the world works. Social innovators look at the world as a set of problems, and they focus on solutions to those problems, drawing on methodology and ideas from different disciplines to do so. To do that, we need people who will stop at nothing to solve the social problems of our era — people who are not discouraged by the complexities of the challenges we face, but rather empowered by the chance to create lasting change. We need people who understand that the results we are seeking will be realized in a matter of lifetimes, not months or even years. We need people who recognize social problems in all aspects of their lives and constantly think of solutions. It is tiring, it is emotionally draining and it is exhilarating. But above all, it is rewarding.

Ben Chesler ’15 would love to know what social innovation means to you. He can be reached at or @BenjaminChesler, but he will judge you if you send him a tweet.

Reduce jail time for white-collar crime ELIZABETH FUERBACHER opinions columnist

“Does the time fit the crime?” is commonly asked when we ignite the provocative debate over defining retribution for crime. A combination of civil and criminal penalties has been devised in order to reduce recidivism, protect the public and punish offenders. But the annual $38.9 billion cost of prisons and a closer examination of the implications of felons’ actions compel us to consider the worthiness of jail time in many cases. While rapists, drunk drivers and drug offenders can escape jail or garner public support for more lenient sentences, we see no such call to arms for the insider trader. Though insider trading merits some penalty, most of its offenders do not belong behind bars. Theoretically, prison serves two purposes: to contain an offender so he cannot harm others and to provide a sufficiently unpleasant experience so he is deterred from undertaking future felonious actions. But monetary fines are the civil analogs that reflect punitive measures. Should they be harsh enough, they also advance the philosophy of deterring one via penalty. Dual-pronged retribution for crimes that bear no materially negative ramifications is incongruous with the paradigms of our legal system, which constitutionally prohibit excessive punishment. For securities fraud or RICO Act violations, treble damages can be imposed against perpetrators. These people are required not only to compensate the government for misappropriated profits or avoided losses but also to pay hefty penalties. Hence, incarceration for people who have already re-

turned their gains is inordinate. This assessment is particularly relevant for the majority of insider traders, whose gains are inconsequential in terms of harming society. Let’s be honest: A few million dollars generated in profits from private information is insignificant in the grand scheme of things. So long as they return their ill-obtained funds and are fined, these individuals do not need to be jailed. Sometimes the feds want to make an example out of people. Martha Stewart, for example, had to pay $195,000 and recuse herself from any public company directorships for five years

guilty verdict was read and her resignation as chief creative officer became imminent. Even in the case of hedge fund manager Raj Rajaratnam, many of the illegal gains or avoided losses were restricted to trading or investing parties themselves. According to the SEC and prosecutors, Rajaratnam and his cronies benefited from at least $60 million in wrongly obtained profits on positions including Goldman Sachs, Intel and Procter & Gamble. First, it is hard to calculate the exact dollar amount of profiteering that can be attributed to these suspect trades because other developments and overall market movements

While rapists, drunk drivers and drug offenders can escape jail or garner public support for more lenient sentences, we see no such call to arms for the insider trader. in order to settle insider trading charges with the Securities and Exchange Commission. She also spent five months in jail for obstruction of justice and conspiracy charges in conjunction with a controversial ImClone stock sale by which she avoided a paltry $45,000 in losses per her broker’s advice. A savvy, self-made person who built a beloved public company did not belong in shackles and barred from her own firm. She did not mistreat society through this trade. In fact, more broadly sweeping pain was inflicted upon Martha Stewart Living’s investors when its leader had to forgo her responsibilities. In addition to the slide precipitated when Stewart relinquished her role as chairwoman and CEO, the stock dropped 22.6 percent once the

influence fluctuations in a stock’s price. And central figures in the case were fined extremely heavily — in addition to a $5 million fine for criminal insider trading, Rajat Gupta was fined civilly for $13.9 million, per maximum penalties. A judge also mandated a two-year jail sentence. Rather than spend $60,000 per year incarcerating Gupta — as New York does — authorities should use people like him more effectively. He already paid dear fines and does not belong with the likes of terrorists and bank robbers. Instead, the SEC and district attorney offices should retain Gupta to help spot patterns of suspicious trading and business activities. He could likely give them better insight into the questions they should pose and be-

haviors they should monitor to prevent more egregious violations. That, rather than jailing a 64-year-old former executive who didn’t commit crimes on the scale of a Madoff or an Enron, is a more effective way to protect the investing public. Rajaratnam was sentenced to 11 years behind bars. Mothers Against Drunk Driving recently reported that the common maximum penalty for vehicular homicide is 10 to 20 years. Since negotiations for less-than-maximum sentences are the norm, fewer than 10 years is the probable average. It is incongruous that someone who trades on material nonpublic information can be jailed for the same time as a drunk driver who robbed an innocent victim of his life. Attorney General Eric Holder recently voiced the popular viewpoint that much shorter sentences should be enforced for nonviolent drug offenders, saying, “By reserving the most severe penalties for serious, high-level or violent drug traffickers, we can better promote public safety, deterrence and rehabilitation — while making our expenditures smarter and more productive.” Adhering to this paradigm, one would imagine similar arguments against severe incarceration for those whitecollar criminals who improperly trade using private information. Yet ironically, this group is unceremoniously denied the consideration that aggressive civil fines are sufficient. These people are simply not suitable for 8-by-10-foot concrete cells.

Elizabeth Fuerbacher ’13.5 transferred to Brown from Wharton, where she took a securities regulation class and learned of the alumni clubs across state penitentiaries. She can be reached at



BROWN DAILY HERALD arts & culture Tammy Cheung: Exploring Student portrays Arab Spring in opera Hong Kong through film With 20 years of film experience, Cheung examines the Hong Kong identity in documentaries By WING SZE HO SENIOR STAFF WRITER

The work of filmmaker Tammy Cheung often revolves around questions of identity in her native Hong Kong. Prior to the screening of her documentaries “Speaking Up” and “Village Middle School” this week in the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts, organized by the Department of East Asian Studies, Cheung sat down with The Herald to talk about her experience working as an independent director in Hong Kong and her creative process. The Herald: Would you tell us a bit more about your background and how you became a documentary director? Cheung: I was born in Shanghai and grew up in Hong Kong. My mother and I moved to Hong Kong when I was about three years old. I lived in Canada for 10 years. I studied film and worked in film festivals. When I moved back to Hong Kong, I worked in the film industry for about a year. My impression was that people are not serious about film (there). I was disappointed, so I stopped working in the industry. Then I worked as a translator, a film teacher, and I wrote for magazines. In 1999, I got the chance to make a short film, “Invisible Women,” with support from a government grant. The film focuses on the lives of three Indian women in Hong Kong. That was my first documentary film. I fell in love with documentary films because I enjoyed learning about other people’s lives. I had no formal documentary film training, so I kind of learned it by doing it. What are some of the difficulties you encountered in the processes of making documentaries in Hong Kong? I felt like the Hong Kong industry is kind of backward. At least back then, when I was in the industry, and that is 20 years ago now. People cannot become full-time filmmakers because there are difficulties in getting funding and getting (films) to release. I kind of started making documentaries without a plan. Over the years, I would say I struggled most of the time. I have become financially more stable only in the past two years. How do you choose your subject matter?

We are really not well planned. We are almost spontaneous. For instance, for “Speaking Up,” we were originally asked to make a film about a concert advocating for democracy. We interviewed people involved in the concert. Eventually, the concert fell through, but we still have the interviews. So, we expanded it into a film. It seems like your films are focused on Hong Kong-related matters. Also, some of your films, such as “July,” involve politically sensitive topics. Do you find it difficult to present the topic to audiences with little previous knowledge about Hong Kong? And how do you approach controversial, sensitive issues such as the identity of people from Hong Kong? I would say I assume the audience has some basic knowledge of Hong Kong. Actually, my films appeal to audiences in mainland China and Taiwan. When I show (films) here at Brown, I will explain a bit before the film starts, because most of the audience has no prior knowledge of Hong Kong. In fact, after (the handover in) 1997, international audiences do not pay attention to Hong Kong. They may be interested in China but not in Hong Kong. People in the West do not have knowledge about China or Chinese history. So, the situation of Hong Kong is complex for them to comprehend. I do not want to compromise and reduce the depth of my films. Probably, directors have to make a choice. I have chosen to cater for a smaller audience — people who have knowledge or an understanding of Hong Kong. You were working in Canada before you began making documentaries. What made you decide to move back to Hong Kong, and how was the transition? Hong Kong is very suitable for filming. There are so many stories everywhere. It’s like a sea full of fish. Eventually, although there are difficulties living in Hong Kong, I tried to solve the problems. Filming makes me happy, and I am very interested in Chinese people, including those in Hong Kong, mainland China, Taiwan, even the populace in Chinatown. I am making a film about the population in Chinatown in New York City. I would say making documentaries have changed me in ways that I often have not noticed. This interview has been edited for quality and length, and a portion was translated from Cantonese.


Jesse Weil ’16 performs in Ben Kutner’s ’14 original opera on the Arab Spring, “The Days Between,” which is currently running at the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts.

Kutner ’14 stages original work ‘The Days Between’ with Royce Fellowship support By MARCUS SUDAC STAFF WRITER

If you think you’ve read enough analysis on the Arab Spring, maybe it’s time to see it staged as an opera. Filtering the score through a political lens, Ben Kutner ’14 has attempted to present just that. Bolstered by a Royce Fellowship and a creative force of 51 collaborators, Kutner, a former Herald senior staff writer, has cooked up “The Days Between,” an original, student-run opera that opened last night at the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts and runs through tomorrow. The piece is part interdisciplinary political performance, part avant-garde construction. Kutner first became interested in composition at the end of high school, developing his passion further at Brown. Kutner’s inspiration originated

while conducting Production Workshop’s “Next to Normal” last spring, which was directed by Zach Rufa ’14. His work on the musical helped Kutner develop confidence as a composer for performance, he said. At that point, “I felt I had sufficient experience to write melodies for a larger piece, for an opera,” Kutner said. Kutner, a double-concentrator in music and international relations, found a confluence of passion in the operatic medium. His studies at Brown have largely circulated around the Arab Spring, which he felt was “just an extremely operatic concept to sketch.” “I wanted to write a piece on the Arab Spring, but not using words — rather, using music. I wanted to examine constructivist, liberalist and realist lenses, and how these played into music,” Kutner said. Awarded the Royce Fellowship, which supports undergraduate research initiatives, Kutner “shut (him)self in a room for three months” to complete the piece. The work also received support from the Dean’s Discretionary Grant, the

Department of Music and Production Workshop’s New Works grant. Only after submitting his Royce proposal did Kutner speak with Rufa, and the pair decided to produce the piece together. Even before the piece was written, the pair began to assemble a creative team. With all additional cast and crew, the team grew to 51. Fall rehearsals centered on the score, accompanied by acting exercises intended to connect performers with their physique, said cast member Amelia Scaramucci ’17. “Zach is all about the way the body moves, and a lot of his exercises were getting in touch with your body,” Scaramucci said. Since winter break, rehearsals have honed in on the text and the score. Several revolutions and three seasons later, “The Days Between” is ready to rumble. “The Days Between” continues its run tonight at 8 p.m. and tomorrow at 2 p.m. and 8 p.m in the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts.

Friday, February 21, 2014  

The February 21, 2014 issue of The Brown Daily Herald