vol. cxlviii, no. 85
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
Search for replacement dean of the College underway By MICHAEL DUBIN SENIOR STAFF WRITER
Last week’s naming of an interim dean and the members of the search committee marks the start of the process to identify Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron’s long-term successor. Vice President for Campus Life and Student Services Margaret Klawunn will serve as interim dean from January until a permanent dean assumes the post, The Herald reported last week. The permanent dean will likely be in place by July, and Klawunn will not be a candidate for the position, said Provost Mark Schlissel P’15. Schlissel will chair the 13-person search committee, which includes faculty members from each academic division — two from the humanities, one from the social sciences, two from the life sciences and one from the physical sciences — and three current students. Schlissel said he selected the faculty members from a list of
recommendations submitted to him by the Faculty Executive Committee. He made the committee selections with an eye toward disciplinary balance so the committee would be “broadly representative” of the faculty’s interests, he said. The three students on the committee have similarly diverse academic backgrounds. Amelia Armitage ’15 concentrates in history, Abishek Kulshreshtha ’15 concentrates in physics and Emma Dickson ’16 said she intends to concentrate in political science. The committee’s first task will be to solicit opinions from “key members of the community” on what the committee should look for in the next dean, Schlissel said. Specifically, the committee will want to hear what personal characteristics the dean should possess and with what issues he or she should be familiar. This outreach will help shape the “experience profile” before the committee begins looking for candidates, he said. The committee will then conduct a nationwide search for candidates both within and outside of Brown, Schlissel said. The University will not employ a search firm but will “advertise the position in venues that get a lot of readership in the academy,” as well as amongst Brown’s faculty, he said.
HERALD FILE PHOTO
Vice President for Campus Life and Student Services Margaret Klawunn (right) will serve as interim dean starting Jan. 1 and will not be a candidate to replace Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron (left). Schlissel said he thinks there is at least a 50 percent chance a current Brown faculty member will be selected “because it’s so important that whoever takes the job understands Brown and its culture.” Because the dean of the College is an “academic leadership job,” the
Former pres. adviser talks debt default woes Donilon addressed topics including the debt ceiling, international relations and nuclear proliferation By KIAN IVEY CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Talk of the government shutdown and American foreign policy dominated a Monday evening event that featured Pres-
ident Obama’s former adviser Thomas Donilon — with Donilon saying a prolonged government shutdown could severely damage the country’s economy and credibility. In a conversational format, Donilon, who previously served as National Security Adviser, answered questions posed by Richard Locke, director for the Watson Institute for International Studies. Donilon touched on U.S. foreign policy around the world, including the Middle
ALAN SHAN / HERALD
Donilon, former National Security Adviser to the Obama administration, visited campus as part of the Watson Distinguished Speaker Series.
East, North Africa and Asia. A mix of students, local and national political figures and Providence residents listened intently and later engaged with Donilon in a question-and-answer session. Donilon provoked laughter from the audience when he referred to the current government shutdown as “the goings on in Washington.” He continued to examine the effects the shutdown could have and is currently having on U.S. foreign policy and relations. “One of the fallouts of failing to adopt a budget is that the president wasn’t able to take this trip that Secretary of State Kerry is on,” Donilon said of a trip to negotiate a trade deal that could involve up to 60 percent of the world’s gross domestic product. “It would have been better for him to be there,” Donilon said. When asked by an audience member about the potential effects of an extended government shutdown, Donilon said the United States has never defaulted on its debt, and “that’s important for the trust that the world has in the (United States) and its currency.” Were the United States to default, it would increase the cost of borrowing and send the nation’s economy back into recession, Donilon said, adding that defaulting would be “a deeply disturbing thing to do to the world.” Donilon also spoke of conflict in countries such as Syria, saying, “The situation in Syria is a really incredible » See DONILON, page 3
position must be filled by either a tenured Brown faculty member or a candidate from another university who is “a scholar of the caliber that would be tenured here,” Schlissel said. He said he hopes to have a new dean lined up several months before the individual would be expected to begin,
both for logistical reasons — such as allowing an external hire ample time to relocate — and because there will be a learning curve regardless of whether an internal or external selection is made. “People who are here already have an advantage because they would have » See DEAN, page 2
Speakers highlight issues of R.I. elderly population The lecture called attention to Alzheimer’s and demanded greater youth engagement By JOSEPH ZAPPA CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Director of the Rhode Island Division of Elderly Affairs Catherine Taylor called on students and local residents to boost local awareness about Alzheimer’s disease and other issues facing the elderly in a lecture Monday night. Stephen Gresham ’83, adjunct lecturer in public policy, urged those in attendance to consider that Alzheimer’s kills twice as many people as breast and prostate cancer combined each year. But the funds afforded to researchers combating Alzheimer’s, he added, are less than those afforded to cancer researchers. The first step in raising awareness and activism about issues facing the elderly and those with disabilities, Taylor said, is to “get us all thinking of older people and people with disabilities as ‘us’ and not ‘them.’” Taylor said young people need to respect the elderly and put
CITY & STATE
Not up to par
Bruno finished eleventh in the Macdonald Cup held on Yale’s course
Bruno finished in the middle of the pack at the Paul Short Invitational
Lonergan ’72 discussed the fate of professors in an era of online course offerings
A 13-person committee chaired by the provost will conduct a nationwide search for the next dean
themselves in senior citizens’ shoes. “Think about yourself,” she said. “Where would you like to live when you’re 85 years old?” Providence resident Greta Abbott, a senior citizen who has been involved in community volunteer work since she was a student at Columbia, encouraged Brown students to also volunteer. “I learn about other communities, other worlds because I’ve volunteered,” she said. “All of it has so much to contribute to you.” Student volunteer work may help to combat problems the Rhode Island elderly face. For example, “Rhode Island is woefully short on tools to deal with dementia,” Taylor said. While acknowledging ongoing efforts to find a cure for Alzheimer’s, Taylor said it is important to “deal with folks who have Alzheimer’s and families helping them now.” Students in Gresham’s course, PPAI 1701D: “Aging and Public Policy,” made up about half the audience and voiced their concerns for the elderly as well as interest in advancing Taylor’s cause. Young people should consider the problems confronting the elderly, especially since the baby » See ELDERLY, page 2
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2 university news calendar TODAY
4 P.M. Birth Control: Is It Moral?
Spring UTRA Information Session
Wilson 101 6 P.M.
Petteruti Lounge 6:30 P.M.
BCA Open Forum
First Creative Mind Lecture
Granoff, Englander Studio
LUNCH Vegetarian Spinach Strudel, Italian Sausage and Pepper Sandwich, Turkey Cutlet, Chocolate Chip Cookies
Honey Mustard Chicken Sandwich, Vegetarian Pot Pie, PB&J Bar, Oreo Chocolate Chip Fudge Bar
DINNER Grecian Style Beef, Ve g an Mediterranean Stew, Sienna Roasted Couscous, Green Beans, Apple Crisp
Weekend Crime Update: Oct. 4-6 Laptop thefts remain the most common type of crime on campus this semester By JILLIAN LANNEY SENIOR STAFF WRITER
The following is an account of crime events that took place this weekend,
Swiss Steak, Roasted Vegetable Melange, Chicken Broccoli Alfredo Stir Fry, Garlic Bread, Apple Crisp
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
» DEAN, from page 1 a level of understanding of the … educational culture here,” Schlissel said. “But it would be foolish to think there aren’t people at other universities that would bring not just an appreciation of who we are and our culture … but also bring in some interesting ideas and a new style and stir the pot.” Search committee member and Professor of Economics Andrew Foster said he would first look to internal candidates, “because I think they’ll have a head start in getting to know the different dynamic of campus.” But he added, “I’d rather evaluate the candidates than their superficial credentials.” Professor of Cognitive, Linguistic and Psychological Sciences Sheila Blumstein, who will serve on the search committee, said a history with Brown would not be a factor in her consideration of the candidates. “We’re going to pick the best. Period.” “(Being internal) could be an advantage, or it could not be an advantage,” Blumstein said. “We know the warts of our friends.” Multiple committee members said it is beneficial to fill senior leadership positions with those with backgrounds in different academic divisions but that the individual candidate matters more than his or her field. “There is a value to having the senior leadership of the campus balanced in terms of their discipline,” Schlissel said. “But this job is so important that we have to get an outstanding person. So the most important factor will be, ‘Are they the very best candidate to serve in this complicated and important position?’” Dean of the Faculty Kevin McLaughlin’s P’12 background in the humanities makes finding another humanist to serve as dean of the College less relevant, Foster said. Both Bergeron, a professor of music, and Klawunn, who previously taught English, are humanities scholars. Blumstein, a former dean of the College herself, downplayed the importance of disciplinary balance, saying that once someone becomes dean of the College, he or she ceases to be an advocate for any particular field. Faculty members and students on
» ELDERLY, from page 1 boomers have reached retirement age, said Jourdan Meltzer ’17, adding that students can learn by paying attention to the elderly and analyzing their experiences. Ellie DiBiasio GS said she already likes working with and spending time with older adults.
reported to The Herald by Deputy Chief of Police for the Department of Public Safety Paul Shanley: Between Friday evening and Saturday afternoon A MacBook Pro laptop was reported stolen from an Andrews Hall lounge Saturday afternoon. The student left his laptop in the common area around 9 p.m. Friday and returned at about the committee agreed that the next dean must work well with others and display an understanding of and commitment to undergraduate education. Blumstein also cited “a commitment to a university-college notion” as an important factor and said the person must be “someone faculty can respect with a strong academic portfolio.” Kulshreshtha said he would look for a candidate who would work to improve diversity in science, technology, engineering and mathematics and was committed to boosting the representation of women and minorities in those disciplines. A candidate should also be enthusiastic about improving first-year advising, Kulshreshtha said. Armitage and Dickson both said accessibility to students and receptiveness to their input were important considerations. Klawunn was chosen as interim dean because she has worked closely with Bergeron and the Office of the Dean of the College, Schlissel said, noting the overlapping responsibilities between the Office of Campus Life and Student Services and the Office of the Dean of the College. The dean of the College is responsible for undergraduate education, and at Brown much of that learning takes place outside the classroom, he said. The other reason for her selection, Schlissel said, was that he preferred not to name an interim dean who would be a candidate to hold the job long-term. Because Klawunn is not a tenured faculty member, she does not meet the position’s requirements. While serving as interim dean, she will also maintain her campus life responsibilities. Klawunn said her primary job will be to “steward the office appropriately” and ensure its daily operations continue to run smoothly. She also said it will be important to prepare the Office of the Dean of the College to respond to any initiatives in the strategic plan that involve undergraduate education. Klawunn has been involved with ongoing efforts to develop sophomore seminars, an element of President Christina Paxson’s strategic plan, Bergeron wrote in an email to The Herald.
“This class was a way for me to make it more academic,” she said. Going forward, Taylor suggested Rhode Island “do things that retain our healthy elders,” who largely leave the state to establish residence in cheaper states like Florida. State property taxes would need to be lowered to give seniors an incentive to stay, Taylor added, but the tax cuts could bring
3:30 p.m. Saturday to find it missing. This was the only crime reported to DPS this weekend. Laptop thefts have been the most common crime reported to DPS this semester. The Herald has previously reported nine cases, with this weekend’s marking the 10th of the semester. All have occurred in unlocked residence hall bedrooms or common areas.
Dean of the College search committee members Mark Schlissel P’15 Provost; Committee Chair Sheila Blumstein Professor of Cognitive, Linguistic and Psychological Sciences Andrew Foster Professor of Economics Chad Jenkins Associate Professor of Computer Science Diane Lipscombe Professor of Neuroscience Zachary Sng Associate Professor of German Studies and Comparative Literature Elizabeth Taylor Senior Lecturer in English; Co-Director of the Nonfiction Writing Program MaryLou McMillan Senior Director for Planning and Student Engagement Maitrayee Bhattacharyya Associate Dean of the College for Diversity Programs Amelia Armitage ’15 Abi Kulshrestha ’15 Emma Dickson ’16 Liza Cariaga-Lo Associate Provost for Academic Development and Diversity; Committee Staff
in greater revenue with increases in the senior population’s spending and pension taxes. Taylor also said “we need to work on how we view the profession of direct care worker,” adding that those to whom “we’re handing over the bodily care of our most vulnerable citizens” deserve greater respect and better wages.
university news 3
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
R.I. libraries to benefit from federal grants The funds will allow libraries to introduce programs addressing issues like school readiness By ELANA JAFFE CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Three Rhode Island libraries will receive $800,000 from the Institute of Museum and Library Services National Leadership Grants program, with the grants going to Providence Community Library, Providence Public Library and University of Rhode Island Library System. The initiatives funded by the grant — made possible by Sen. Jack Reed’s, D-R.I., Museum and Library Services Act of 2010 — share a mission of fostering community collaboration to enhance literacy and learning. Providence Community Library will partner with Ready to Learn Providence to head a two-year early learning literacy project called “Ready for K!” Providence Public Library will partner with statewide organizations to address digital literacy, adult education, learning resources and workforce services. URI will use the funds to integrate digital media with children’s libraries, according to a press release from Reed’s office. School readiness is an issue important in Providence, where 46 percent of public school students do not read at grade level, said Michelle Novello, Providence Community Library program director. Kids “spend first through third grade learning to read, and then in fourth, they read to learn,” she said, adding that children who cannot read by the fourth grade fall behind. Early learning literacy is largely
CITY & STATE
» DONILON, from page 1 tragedy.” He suggested that the violent response of the Assad regime to the initially peaceful protests elevated the conflict and turned it into a sectarian issue. Donilon compared the Syrian conflict to what happened in Iraq but said it is good that the situation is being dealt with diplomatically instead of militarily. In the question-and-answer portion of the event, Donilon answered a question about the recently released NSA intelligence gathering policies, calling them “very important in protecting the country.” “No intentional example of abuse has been disclosed,” he said. “The country’s made a lot of progress in integration of intelligence agencies” since the alleged intelligence failures leading up to the 9/11 attacks, Donilon said. Donilon said a counterterrorism model is important because it shows enemies “you can run, but you can’t hide.” In foreign policy analysis, Donilon stressed the importance of deciding “where we are overinvested and where we are underinvested.” At the beginning of Obama’s first term, the United States was “overinvested in military operations in the Middle East and very underinvested in Asia,” Donilon said. The result of these analyses involved increased focus in several Asian countries, including Singapore, South Korea and China. “We need to engage constructively and productively with the Chinese,”
affected by income level, Novello said, addingthat low-income children fall further behind over the summer when access to resources that would help them sustain their reading level is often limited. The IMLS grant will fund initiatives to ameliorate this backslide by attracting children to the city’s libraries during the summer and after school, she added. Part of the initiative is “teaching parents and caregivers that the library has resources that would benefit and support them,” Novello said. Libraries should not assume families know what resources are available, accessible and free, she added. Providence Community Library will use the funds for community outreach to better inform residents about programs and help assess public school students entering kindergarten for literacy and preparedness problems. But Providence Community Library will primarily use the money to buy new supplies and train and employ staff from partner organizations Ready to Learn Providence and Rhode Island Family Initiative to run new programs. “We are proud that the Institute of Museum and Library Services has recognized the important contribution that we and our partners are making to the future of Providence’s children,” Novello wrote in an email to The Herald. Providence Public Library will use the money to institute initiatives that address issues of adult literacy and digital literacy, according to the press release. “We are pleased and expect, along with our many high-performing partners who share our vision for helping Rhode Island adults achieve their education goals, that the expanded resources that this grant enables will substantially increase our ability to serve adults with low education attainment, low English-literacy, disabilities … or low
Donilon said. Since Obama took office, he has met with Chinese President Hu Jintao 12 times, half as many meetings as occurred between 1979 and 2009. Donilon spoke at length of the national security briefing process, which is one of the first things the president does each day. “The first part of the meeting was a review of key intelligence that came in overnight,” Donilon said, adding that he expanded the conversation to be a policy discussion in which he led responses to some of the intelligence. In preparing for these briefings, Donilon said he had to learn to anticipate Obama’s questions about how to respond to different pieces of intelligence. Donilon finished the conversation by discussing opportunities and challenges he said face the United States. Donilon said a key challenge is the continuation of the economic recovery, though he said “compared to the rest of the world, we are doing better, but not well enough.” Donilon called nuclear proliferation another crucial issue the United States faces, especially in Iran and North Korea. Donilon said progress in Iran is currently more plausible than in North Korea, given Iran’s recent elections and new president’s desire “to get his country out from under sanctions.” Donilon said, moving forward, “the next step is to have United Nations inspectors come in and actually begin dissembling” Iran’s nuclear facilities. On the positive side, Donilon listed innovation, corporations, higher education and energy sources as areas for the
digital literacy,” said Dale Thompson, Providence public library director, in the release. Karisa Tashjian, literacy program coordinator at the Rhode Island Family Literacy Initiative, said the library’s new programs will make “education and work force services for adults visible and easily accessed.” The library’s plans will integrate “little pockets of initiative” into a greater effort to support learning in the community, Tashjian said. Because residents can file for services such as unemployment and disability online, those who lack digital literacy or computer access could be indirectly denied these services. But Rhode Island Family Initiative aims to address the community’s needs by increasing available resources, Tashjian said, “particularly for lower literacy folks and people with disabilities where technology introduced into their lives could provide lots of opportunity.” Through collaboration with Cranston Public Library and other organizations — including Rhode Island Family Literacy Project, TechACCESS of Rhode Island, BroadBand Rhode Island and the Adult Education Professional Development Center — Providence Public Library seeks to cut duplicate programs and resources in the state. The new programs should be implemented in 2014, Tashjian said. Rhode Island’s grants are demonstration grants, so the impact of new library programs will be periodically evaluated by IMLS. If they are found to be effective, the state’s programs could potentially serve as models for the rest of the nation, Tashjian said. IMLS was unavailable for comment because the offices were closed due to the government shutdown.
Rhodes Scholarship may broaden global reach
The program’s expansion would come after the largest donation it has received in its history By MADELEINE MATSUI CONTRIBUTING WRITER
The Rhodes Scholarship program may expand to allow applicants from Brazil, China and Russia after receiving an almost $120 million donation last month, multiple news outlets reported. Rhodes Scholarships are currently restricted to citizens of the United States, some British Commonwealth nations and Germany, but the program’s global expansion could lead to an increase in the number of Brown students who apply, said Associate Dean of the College for Fellowships Linda Dunleavy. “The expansion to China and other countries has great implications for the number of candidates who will apply for the Rhodes from Brown,” Dunleavy said. “It’s a great opportunity to tap into that population of students and support them in seeking other opportunities.” The donation to the Rhodes Trust — which administers and finances the program — came from John McCall MacBain, a Canadian philanthropist and former Rhodes Scholar. McCall MacBain’s gift is the largest in the program’s 110-year history, the Globe and Mail reported Sept. 19. The Rhodes Scholarship program admits a total of 83 students annually, including 32 Americans, to earn a degree from the University of Oxford,
according to the program’s website. The Rhodes Trust provides full financial aid to admitted students. McCall MacBain’s gift marks the launch of the Rhodes Trust’s new fundraising campaign — entitled “The Rhodes Scholarships: Campaign for the Second Century” — to finance a continued global expansion that would initially target Brazil, China and Russia, the Globe and Mail reported. The campaign seeks to raise approximately $177 million, according to the Rhodes Trust website. “This contribution by (Macbain) opens up the playing field because the Rhodes is such a significant scholarship that it might even encourage other scholarships to consider broadening their eligibility to students from other countries, given the awareness about global education and the internationalization that has become a very important priority on many college campuses,” Dunleavy said. Many of the major fellowships such as the Marshall Scholarships, Fulbright Fellowships and Truman Scholarships are not available to most international students, Dunleavy said. “There is a much smaller group of national and international awards for which international students can compete,” she added. Some students expressed cautious support for a global expansion of the program. Fiora Macpherson ’16, an international student who identified herself as a participant in the Davis United World College Scholars program, said she supported the expansion of Rhodes Scholarships to » See RHODES, page 5
ALAN SHAN / HERALD
During a question-and-answer session, Donilon (left) opened the floor to students and members of the community, who asked questions about topics including U.S. foreign and domestic policy and the government shutdown. United States to focus on. The United States is set to be the largest oil producer in the world by the end of the decade and is already the largest natural gas exporter, Donilon said. In the question-and-answer session, Donilon answered questions about Russia, integration of intelligence agencies, China, careers in public policy, Iran and the government shutdown. Though the United States and Russia were headed in the right direction, a combination of Putin’s election and “lots
of anti-U.S. rhetoric in the election in the spring of 2012” had detrimental effects on the tone of relations between the two countries, Donilon said. Alex Mechanick ’15, a double concentrator in economics and philosophy, asked Donilon how students can prepare for careers in public policy. Donilon said there are “a lot more ways to get involved in politics and policy now than there were” in years past. He ended by stressing the importance of reading history to understand
the present and inform decision-making. Mechanick, who said he attended because he “would love to have a career in public policy” and admires Donilon’s success, said Donilon took “no bold positions,” but it was “great to hear Donilon’s perspectives.” Donilon came to Brown as a speaker in the Watson Distinguished Speaker Series, which is intended to bring speakers from government, the private sector and academia “to speak about pressing issues of the day,” Locke said.
4 sports tuesday
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
Inconsistent play hinders Bears at Yale tournament Upperclassmen led the way in a third-round rebound from last place in the Macdonald Cup By ANDREW FLAX CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Despite a strong final round, the men’s golf team finished 11th in a 14-team field in the Macdonald Cup at a historically challenging Yale course. Bruno shot 299-298-289 in the tournament’s three rounds, finishing with a cumulative score of 886 — 46 strokes above par. The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the runners-up at last year’s national championship, won the tournament at 33 strokes under par, with host team Yale finishing 25 shots behind the Illini in second. Just like in their previous tournament, the Bears turned on the jets the final day and moved up in the standings. They were in last after both the first and second rounds before shooting the seventh-best score in the third round to jump Fairfield University and end in a tie with Fordham University. The team’s third-round score beat those of Ivy League rivals Cornell, Penn and Dartmouth. “After today, we showed we can compete with all of them,” said Nelson Hargrove ’13.5. Head Coach Michael Hughes echoed the sentiment, saying, “We performed exactly like we should” in the third round. But the first two rounds sunk the Bears deep in the standings. “We definitely did not play well the first day,” said Justin Miller ’15. Hughes said the team “got out of the box poorly.” The troublesome first two rounds and the improved third round left Hughes disappointed by his team’s inconsistency for the second straight tournament.
COURTESY OF BROWN ATHLETICS
Nelson Hargove ’13.5 was the low scorer for the Bears at the Macdonald Cup, carding an even-par 70 in the team’s final round rebound. After sitting in last place at the end of the second round, Brown’s golfers came together to card the seventh best score of the day to finish 11th overall. “We have miles to go before we get consistent,” Hughes said. He said he hoped for stable play throughout the tournament after a rough second round sunk the team in its previous tournament but added that they “couldn’t seem to get out of our own way … it was a little frustrating.”
But Hughes noted the final round was a “step in the right direction … they were a little more focused,” though he said he wished his team had been as focused “from the beginning.” Hargrove and Miller were the team’s top shooters, individually placing 21st and 35th, respectively. Hargrove shot
74-71-70 for a total of 215 strokes and five above par, while Miller shot 7275-73, putting him 10 strokes above par. Each said he was happy with his performance. “I’m finally hitting the ball like I know I can,” Hargrove said, and Miller said he “definitely hit it better.”
“Everybody’s game is coming around,” Hargrove said. “Everybody’s headed in the right direction.” “We’re just gearing up,” Hughes said. Next weekend, Bruno heads to Philadelphia to compete in the Temple Invitational, hosted Oct. 12-13 by Temple University.
sports tuesday 5
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
Runners see middling finishes among competitive field The weekend’s weather and the style of the invitational affected Bruno’s performance By BRUNO ZUCCOLO SPORTS STAFF WRITER
COURTESY OF JOHN KEKLAK
Heidi Caldwell ’14 led the women’s team with a blazing time of 21:08, contributing to a 16th place team finish. On the men’s side, Mark McGurrin ’15 led the team with a 66th place finish in the crowded field.
» RHODES, from page 3 a broader international applicant pool. “Being a Davis Scholar, I have access to a lot of avenues, but it would be nice to have access to scholarships like the Rhodes,” Macpherson said, adding that international students also run into challenges with other opportunities restricted by citizenship status. “Internships are a bit of a problem sometimes, too, if you’re not a U.S. citizen.”
Clayton Aldern ’13, the only member of the class of 2013 to receive a Rhodes Scholarship, wrote in an email to The Herald that he has concerns about the program’s potential expansion worldwide, particularly that political complications could arise if the program expands to countries with different political ideologies than those of countries currently open to Rhodes Scholarships. He cited China — with its Communist Party leadership — as one such case.
Both cross country teams had modest finishes in last Saturday’s meet at Lehigh University for the Paul Short Invitational. The women’s team came in 16th out of the 48 teams who ran, while the men placed 21st out of 47. The Indiana University men’s team took home the gold with a total of just 89 points, which are calculated based on finishes. The Brown men tallied 601, and the women finished with 470 points. Georgetown University placed first in the women’s competition with a total of 112 points. Heidi Caldwell ’14 and Lily Harrington ’16 led the Bears in the women’s race, finishing 31st and 34th respectively. Caldwell, who completed the 6-kilometer course in 21 minutes, 8 seconds, said, “We worked together for a lot of the race, which was awesome.” On the men’s side, Mark McGurrin ’15 led the Bears with a time of 25:04, which secured him 66th place. “It’s difficult to be happy,” McGurrin said. “(But) we’ve seen a lot of growth already … and we’ve got a lot of improvement we’re capable of making.” “We had some good things happen,” said men’s Head Coach Tim Springfield. “Because of the weather we were a little bit more conservative, but I think that was the right thing to do on the day.” Springfield said it was an “unusually warm day” on Saturday — temperatures reached 84 degrees throughout the day, and a high school meet scheduled for that afternoon was cancelled due to the heat.
comic Class Notes | Philip Trammell
“(This) threw a variable into the equation which every team had to deal with,” Springfield said. This was the largest meet of the season for the Bears, and “one of the largest meets in the whole country,” Springfield added. Four hundred six athletes finished the women’s race, while 397 runners finished the men’s race. The two earlier meets in the season were smaller, and McGurrin said it was good to get more experience for the members of the team. “It was really our first big race as a group,” he said. “There’s not a lot of experience on this team, so it’s really exciting to just get out there and compete.” McGurrin said the main difficulty in a large race such as this one is the start, where all the racers are “packed in a group” and it becomes “more difficult to maneuver.” “We just focused on climbing and not freaking out at the beginning if you’re not where you want to be ... because the focus is the time,” Caldwell said. Taking into consideration the heat and large size of the meet, the Bears’ performance was “definitely an improvement,” Springfield said. “I think we’re moving in the right direction.” The next chance for both teams to compete will be Friday, Oct. 18, when the Bears host the Rothenburg Run in Rhode Island’s own Goddard State Park. “It’s another opportunity for us to learn how to run together and race together,” Caldwell said, “and kind of feed off each other so that everyone can have a better race.” The Rothenburg Run will be the last meet before the Ivy League Heptagonal Championships in November. “We’re expecting a lot of work, and we look forward to that,” McGurrin said.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
The philosopher college applicant This past week, the Education section of The Atlantic published a piece critiquing the philosophical nature of essay prompts in school-specific college application supplements. In addition to commenting on questions from Tufts University and the University of Chicago, the author cited Brown’s question from last year, which quoted a French novelist and asked applicants “What don’t you know?” The author argued that these prompts teach students that in order to gain acceptance to a selective university, they must “pretend to be something (they) are not.” We challenge this cynical approach to the application process. Much about the trek to higher education feels mechanical and inhuman — the quest for ever-higher GPAs, more AP classes, and more prominent positions in clubs. But these essays, with their offbeat prompts, demonstrate the potential benefits of applying to college, as students are able to apply what they’ve learned to analyzing themselves and the world around them. This kind of work may signify a departure from what students have done in high school, but it is a great way to jump-start the kind of deeper thinking that will serve them in college. The article suggests that though college admission officers routinely urge students to write “authentic” pieces, students feel pressure to create tragic, sympathy-inducing narratives in order to be accepted. But this implication rings false: Admissions officers do not necessarily seek life-altering stories. Rather, they seek insight, whether it comes from how you process your relationship with your family, your understanding of your friends or images in the media. In an age when so much of the college admission process can be coached and inauthentic, a student’s actual voice will be recognized and appreciated. We also want to push back against the idea that these types of essays depict college acceptance as the crown jewel earned after years of the high school rat race. In fact, they do the exact opposite: These essays offer a student’s introduction to academia free from formula. From a high school perspective, acceptance to an elite university is often seen as the endpoint in a student’s narrative, the happy end to years of toil. Once students arrive at college, we all realize we have only scratched the surface. Open-ended essay questions introduce the concept that intellectual doubt is not only expected but also beneficial — an idea that students should expand upon throughout their university years. In the heat of the process, applying to college can seem like a burden or an exercise in futility, but we urge applicants to move beyond this conception. In actuality, the process offers a taste of the intellectual opportunities just over the horizon. As high school students polish their college applications, we urge them to take a step back and try to enjoy at least the essay part of the process.
CORRECTION The quote of the day in Monday’s Herald (Oct. 7, 2013) was incorrectly attributed to Gabrielle Sclafani ’14. In fact, the quote was said by Becca Wolinsky ’14. The Herald regrets the error.
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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
What’s the future for professors at Brown? JOHN LONERGAN guest columnist
Brown’s faculty members face an immediate and pressing crisis. This column is largely directed at those of you teaching at Brown. Long protected by the cloak of a well-respected university with an endowment, tenure and a reputation as an Ivy League school, Brown’s professors are now facing a world where “their” students are free to study under whomever they please, and “their” university no longer has a monopoly on students’ time and attention. For example, if you are teaching an introductory biology course at Brown, you are now competing with Stanford University, Harvard, the Massachussetts Institute of Technology, Yale and a host of other universities teaching these courses online. If your students find that Professor X at Stanford is doing a better job of teaching biology, they can skip your lectures and take the online course, showing up only for the tests — and passing them even though they haven’t listened to your lectures. Students now have the option of finding the best
courses to fit their needs, no longer bound by Brown’s perimeter. Textbooks are gone. They will disappear this year or next. In the past, textbooks were a good way for top professors or departments to supplement their incomes. As textbook costs have risen to stratospheric levels, professors have had to resort to continuous updates, obliging students to use the latest editions. This prevents students from turning to the cheaper used-textbook market. The new way to teach is not through textbooks but through online teaching programs like Khan Academy. Both the teaching and the tests and exercises are online, available and free to all. Students at Brown are asking why, in addition to shouldering over $55,000 in tuition and fees, they must shell out over $100 per textbook. How can professors adapt to this new environment for teaching? No longer protected by tenure or Brown’s reputation or even by their former monopoly on their students’ attention, things look pretty bleak. Their income sources — salary, textbooks and government research grants — are under threat. Forward-thinking professors can rejoice in a coming golden era for teaching. Rather than
reaching tens of students with vertising models — as perfectlecture-format teaching and one- ed by Google — to certification, on-one visits in their offices, testing, consulting and speaker’s they can reach out to millions. fees for in-person appearances. Stanford professors on Coursera This is more similar to the curnow boast of teaching well over rent music industry than the tra100,000 students in some of their ditional teaching model. Salaries most popular and government courses. “Forward-thinking grants will beRather than come a secondary professors can preparing lecsource of income tures which are rejoice in a coming for good profesgiven every sesors. golden era for mester, professors Where are the teaching.” can concentrate models for this on giving their new way of teachvery best lectures and preserv- ing — and earning income — in ing them online. By “packaging” academia? There are two trieda lecture, a professor puts his or and-proven models. Harvard her best teaching foot forward. Business School derives signifiTextbooks are dead, but cant revenues from the sale of its reaching students has never been over 25,000 case studies to othmore alive. The good professors er business schools around the can count on building star-qual- world. In the 1700s, professors ity followings well beyond the depended upon fees paid directly walls of Brown. Students from to them for their lectures. Adam around the world will clamor Smith earned a high income befor additional contact with these cause his lectures were soughtprofessors. after. The same will be true in the Income sources for profes- coming years — good teachers sors will change. Rather than sal- will earn more. ary, textbook royalties and govHow can Brown professors, ernment grants, professors will grad students or lecturers recount on online revenues to re- spond to these challenges? They place or even exceed their cur- can implement four steps to emrent incomes. Models to derive brace the change in their enviincome from online teaching ronment: range from freemium and adFirst, they must recognize that
they are the key resource for their students, not just the University. Second, they should develop online teaching which makes the most of the benefits of the medium. Study the Khan Academy and the case learning method. Use online teaching to gauge students’ interests and abilities to understand what you are teaching. Third, develop formal, online methods of communicating with students at Brown and in other teaching settings, including ways to communicate with offcampus students who take your free courses. And finally, do not reach for the easy choice, such as Coursera. In the end, you control your destiny, not an external online teaching resource. If you believe in bringing the best education to your students, start your process of change today. The changes are happening now. Brown has thrived for 249 years, but it must adapt its methods, as it always has, to stay relevant. John Lonergan ’72 is a graduate of Harvard Business School and a Silicon valley entrepreneur. He wants you to engage with these issues at www.brownnext250years.com.
To read or not to read? RIA MIRCHANDANI opinions columnist
“To read or not to read?” is a question that has crossed almost every Brown student’s mind at some point. It’s 2 a.m., and he is sitting slumped in front of an entire week’s worth of reading due for a 9 a.m. class the next day, his eyes barely able to make it past page six without succumbing to sleep’s seductive call. Many of us have been in this situation, when limited time forces us to consider skipping the readings for a day, a week and — for those of us who live on the academic edge — even a month, in favor of sleep or the pursuit of some greater activity. Limited time is a problem that arguably results from poor organizational skills on our part as students. Blaming the student is easy. Not just reading, but reading “critically” is something we tacitly consented to dutifully doing when we chose to pursue
higher education at Brown. And even more. Even if you have the skipping the readings for a class gifted ability to absorb informais like slapping oneself in the face tion more rapidly than a Blue with a 3,392 page Norton Shake- Room muffin absorbs butter, speare — it results in us getting 800 pages of reading is no small less out of the class, which harms number. The questions here arisonly ourselves. es: Are so many pages necessary? College is costly in many How effectively can one get by on ways, and people don’t want to the “bare minimum?” feel cheated out of their academIn my humble opinion, the ic experiences. So why is it that tragic answer is: quite effectiveassigned readings, which are so ly. Not only can one survive even essential to getupper level semiting the most out “Even if you have nars by merely of classes, are “gutting” a book commonly ig- the gifted ability to — reading the innored by even the absorb information troduction and most motivated conclusion more rapidly than a the of Brown stuand skimming Blue Room muffin the rest — but ofdents? The average absorbs butter, 800 tentimes by not international rereferring to the pages of reading is primary source at lations concentrator takes four no small number.” all, relying solely humanities classon online reviews es per semester. The average hu- and summaries. Better start manities class requires about making those donations to Wiki80-100 pages of weekly reading, pedia soon. and with seminars, that number On the contrary, one could touches two hundred. This trans- argue that it is one thing to surlates to roughly 400-800 pages vive and another to truly absorb of reading each week — maybe every nuance of a book or arti-
cle. I will not deny that gutting a book results in a shallower learning experience compared to a detailed analysis of every comma, full stop and semi-colon. You would hope that most of the time readings — judiciously selected by our professors — merit this careful scrutiny. But is it possible for professors to be unreasonable in the quantities they assign? Recently, students in my political science lecture complained to the professor that the reading load for the course was unmanageable. This was not well received. But the teaching assistants of the class have, from the very beginning, made it clear that the students are not expected to do all the readings. “Focus on the lectures,” they said. When both the teachers and the students know just how much work the students are going to put in, why put on a farce of supreme intellectual rigor? Why distribute a hefty syllabus long enough to compete with some of the readings themselves? Perhaps professors need to consider assigning the precise
amount students can complete and benefit from. It may be hard to determine exactly what is a “reasonable” amount, but it’s not that hard to spot what is unreasonable. In the final analysis, yes, it does depend on the class whether all assigned readings are absolutely necessary or not. And it is true that the more you put into a class, the more you get out of it. But there also exists a threshold point similar to the economic concept of diminishing marginal returns. Beyond this point, more is lost than gained. When an inordinate reading load comes at the cost of other priorities, it is unlikely a student who is surviving on more cups of coffee than hours of sleep will go to the trouble to finish it, no matter how much it may enrich his class experience. Ria Mirchandani ’15 skipped the readings for a class in order to get this column in on time. You can give her grief at firstname.lastname@example.org
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daily herald sports tuesday THE BROWN
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2013
In return home, Bears sweep Brown Invitational The tournament employed hidden dual matches to mirror the spring style of play By ALEX WAINGER CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Bruno dominated at this weekend’s Brown Invitational — held in honor of Margaux Powers, a former Brown tennis standout. The competitoin emulated a spring tournament, with four teams playing each other in a head-to-head format. Division III Middlebury College, Georgetown Univesity and Ivy League rival Dartmouth all traveled to Providence for the Bears’ first home tournament in almost a month. The fall season in collegiate tennis is generally viewed as training for spring season competition. It is a chance for inexperienced players and first-years to familiarize themselves with the high level of play and physical demand of playing matches each weekend, said co-captain David Neff ’14. But the structure of the fall tournaments does not always match that purpose. The elimination brackets often used to mix and match different players from different schools can end with two players from the same school facing off in the final match, which would never happen in the spring. Recently, organizers have been working to change the layout of fall tournaments to more closely mimic the dual matches that take place in the spring. “They’re moving a little more towards hidden dual matches. … They’re not official matches, but it gives more of a flavor of spring tennis,” Neff said. “I’m
a big proponent of it. I think it gives the freshmen a good sense of how it works in the spring time.” “It was really nice to play at home,” said Daniel Hirschberg ’15. “We’re very accustomed to playing on the indoor courts, which not a lot of teams are used to, so it’s a big advantage for us.” “It’s tough to play on the road all the time. You’re staying in hotels, you’re not doing your own routine, and you’re out of rhythm,” said Will Spector ’15. “There’s a certain level of comfort that comes with playing at home.” Bruno started off the weekend bright and early against the Panthers 9 a.m. Saturday. Hirschberg, Greg Garcia ’17 and Ivan Kravtchenko ’16 all picked up singles wins en route to a team win over Middlebury. “They’re a Div. III team, a strong one, but compared to Div. I they’re not quite as competitive,” Spector said. The Bears faced the Hoyas Saturday afternoon, winning all but one of the matches. Hirschberg, Spector, Garcia, and Kravtchenko earned wins in the top four singles spots over their Georgetown opponents. The team regrouped Sunday with its efforts focused on their next opponent, the Big Green. Dartmouth’s roster featured two tall players with powerful serves. Hirschberg and Neff, both of whom are shorter than 6 feet tall, were pitted against them. “It was definitely a disadvantage for me,” Hirschberg said. “I was just trying to position myself really far back in the court, so I had a little more time to react and get a good return on his serve.” Hirschberg made more in-match adjustments to the Dartmouth player, yielding a Bruno victory. “It helps because we’ve got two big
COURTESY OF BROWN ATHLETICS
Co-captain David Neff ’14 said introducing head-to-head play this season has improved training for many of the team’s players. servers on the team right now in Justin To (’15.5) and Eli Whittle (’17),” Neff said. “Practicing against them for the past five or six weeks definitely pays dividends in a match like this.” The team’s cohesiveness and exposure to playing styles similar to
Dartmouth’s helped lead to Bruno’s victory. “It was the last match of the weekend, and all the guys came out really strong. We were getting loud and cheering on our teammates. It was a total team win,” Spector said. “It’s always
an encouraging sign to win one over a league rival.” The team will have a weekend to recover before traveling down to Yale for the second time this season to compete Oct. 17-20 in the Intercollegiate Tennis Association Regional Championships.
Bruno squares up against tough competition at Yale Brown faltered against highly ranked teams but saw consistent play from many doubles pairs By LAINIE ROWLAND CONTRIBUTING WRITER
COURTESY OF BROWN ATHLETICS
Hannah Camhi ’16, pictured above, and Dayna Lord ’17 were the stars in an otherwise difficult weekend. Lord and Camhi recorded victories on both the singles and doubles courts and Lord did not drop a singles match.
Womens tennis faced its first Ivy competition this past weekend as the squad traveled to Yale to play in the Bulldog Invitational against a number of competitive teams. Bruno had a discouraging start, as only one of the four doubles pairs — Sarah Kandath ’15 and Ammu Mandalap ’16 — emerged victorious against the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Hokies, 8-5. Tech’s women’s team was ranked an impressive 53rd in the nation by the Intercollegiate Tennis Association at the close of last year’s season. The Bears lost in the opening match of Ivy doubles play against Dartmouth. Standout doubles pair Hannah Camhi ’16, a contributing writer for The Herald, and Dayna Lord ’17 fell to the Hokies. On the singles side of the court, Brown fared better Friday, with three wins and three losses against Iowa State University and a loss to No. 36 Yale. Saturday’s competition was equally
stiff, as the team was slated to face Virginia Tech once again, this time in singles, and No. 47 Pennsylvania State University in doubles. While the pairs of Camhi and Lord plus Mariska Chamdani ’17 and Nikita Uberoi ’15 recorded wins against the Nittany Lions, Virginia Tech proved to be a consistently strong opponent, almost sweeping Brown in singles, with the exception of Lord’s 6-2, 6-4 victory. “We picked it up on Saturday and had a good doubles day,” Uberoi said. Sunday’s doubles matchup against No. 27 Purdue challenged Bruno’s doubles teams. Despite the 8-4 and 8-3 losses on the doubles court, the Bears held their own playing a well-ranked team. The singles players also played strongly against Penn State with Lord, Camhi, Uberoi and Chamdani all recording wins. “Singles we’ve been really dominating. … We have some undefeated singles players,” Uberoi said. Lord went 3-0 in singles play for the weekend. “She has one of the biggest serves in college tennis,” said Head Coach Paul Wardlaw. The team plays again at Harvard Oct. 17-19 at the ITA East Regional Championship. Uberoi said the Bears hope to continue improving — especially on the singles court — and to improve the team’s health and fitness.