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vol. cxlviii, no. 74

In undergrad clubs, grad students find community

since 1891



From cheerleading to chorus, graduate students are finding niches in undergraduate clubs By MAGGIE LIVINGSTONE AND SARAH PERELMAN SENIOR STAFF WRITERS

Around campus he is normally called Jon — just Jon. But on Monday and Wednesday nights in Steinert Practice Center, he becomes “grad student Jon” or “GSJ.” The University Chorus lovingly gave Jon Estrada GS this nickname after too many Jons joined the bass section of the chorus and choral director Fred Jodry needed a way to distinguish between them. Despite the identifier, “no one really sees people as like what year you’re in,” Estrada said. “It tends to not be incredibly important.” Estrada is one of a handful of graduate students who belong to predominantly undergraduate organizations on campus. From singing to soccer to cheer, these graduate students have gone where most graduate students dare not venture — undergrad campus life.


Seeking a different scene » See GRADUATE, page 3


Running back John Spooney ’14 evaded the Hoya defense as part of his 102-yard offensive output and three touchdowns. His first-half production, before being rested in the second half, accounted for close to half of Bruno’s total 268-yard rushing attack.

Bears rock Georgetown in 45-7 win at home The squad nearly shut out the Hoyas but for a single touchdown late in the fourth quarter By CALEB MILLER SENIOR STAFF WRITER

The football team could not have asked for a better start to its 2013 season than the 45-7 thrashing it laid on Georgetown Saturday afternoon at Brown Stadium. “I’m happy with the way we

played offensively, defensively and on special teams,” said Head Coach Phil Estes. “There were some really good things that happened out there.” After a penalty on the opening kickoff forced the Bears (1-0) to start deep in their own territory, Bruno controlled every facet of the game, building a 17-0 lead after the first quarter and extending the lead to 31-0 at halftime. Brown’s first-quarter execution produced a one-sided first 15 minutes. The Bears amassed 185 yards of offense on three first-quarter drives,

while Georgetown (1-3) managed just 10 yards and no first downs against the Bruno defense in the first. Using a balanced run-and-pass attack, the Bears marched 92 yards in the game’s opening four minutes to get on the board first. Patrick Donnelly ’13.5 found Alex Phelan ’14 in the back of the end zone for an eightyard touchdown strike and marked the Bear’s first score of the season. Donnelly captained a mix of formations and no-huddle plays on the drive and connected on three passes of 10 yards or more — one to Phelan

and two to Tellef Lundevall ’13.5. Four minutes later, placekicker Alex Norocea ’14 drilled a 32-yard attempt to push the lead to 10-0 midway through the first. Running back John Spooney ’14 piled it on with a minute left in the quarter, finding a hole in the Hoyas’ defense for an eight-yard touchdown scamper. Donnelly attributed the fast start to the team’s anxiousness to get off the practice field and start competing. “It felt like the team had been in » See FOOTBALL, page 8

Academic pass opens NY Times access to community By EMMA HARRIS CONTRIBUTING WRITER



Brown’s library has been waiting for a subscription deal for two years and is one of the first — with Emory University — to use the service.

Brown students, faculty members and staff members are eligible for a free one-year New York Times Academic Pass, the library announced Sept. 16. This pass allows account holders unrestricted online access to all Times articles dating back to 1986 and access to five articles dated between 1923 and 1986 per 24 hour period, said David Banush, associate University librarian for access services and collection management. The experimental pass will expire at the end of next September, Banush said. The Times will provide user data for the library to determine if the service is a worthwhile investment, Banush said. “As long as we can

afford it, I hope we can keep doing it,” he said. Currently, the Office of the Provost and the library are splitting the cost of the service. “We find that things available electronically are more likely to be used,” Banush said. But the library will keep the same volume of daily papers, Banush added. The library has been waiting for an Academic Pass deal for two years, Banush said. When the Times launched its pay wall and online subscription services in March 2011, the University was denied a group subscription deal, he said. Instead, the University contracted with a company called Newsbank to offer same-day access to the Times online. But this service was short-lived, Banush said — the Times revoked its legal permission two days later. Brown is “one of the early adapters,” Banush said. Before this summer, the Times did


New park(ing)


Stand-up comics turned hundreds away for packed opening show

Artists transformed local parking spots into small gardens for “Park(ing) Day”

Freitag ’16 warns of the dangers of skill erosion on an unemployed generation





U. will experiment with the service for a year and analyze student use based on data from the Times

not offer Academic Passes. Students could purchase discounted access, and individuals would have to pay for themselves or be restricted to the Times online policy of 10 free articles a month. Banush said Emory University is the only other university he knows uses the service, he said, but he added that a representative from Yale recently called him to ask about it. Members of the Brown community must use University email addresses to register online. Step-by-step directions for setting up an account are available on the library’s “New York Times at Brown” help website. Upon creating an account, students, faculty members and staff members may access the Times online anywhere there is an internet connection, Banush said. There are some app restrictions depending on the device, but access on a mobile device through a web browser will work, he said. T ho s e w ho a l re a dy have » See NYTIMES, page 5 t o d ay


64 / 41

68 / 45

2 sports monday » TRIATHLON, from page 8

calendar TODAY


5 P.M.



10 A.M. Governing Security

Creativity as a Medical Instrument

Watson Institute, Joukowsky Forum 8 P.M.

RISD Museum 12 P.M.

Production Workshop’s Sink

BURP Massage Session

T.F. Green

TWC Formal Lounge 2



LUNCH Gnocchi with Gorgonzola Mushroom Sauce, Chicken Santa Rosa Calzone, Artichokes with Stewed Tomatoes

Kale and Linguica Soup, French Bread Pizza, Mediterranean Bar, Cranberry White Chocolate Chip Cookies

DINNER S e a fo o d Ja m b a l aya , Ve g a n Ratatouille, Cauliflower Florettes, Baked Sweet Potatoes, Yellow Cake

Korean Marinated Beef, Toasted Ravioli with Italian Salsa, Spicy Cuban Beef Stirfry, African Honey Bread




year at the University of Dayton, she saw a poster advertising a triathlon organized by her collegiate triathlon team and decided to participate, she said. Four years later, Fahringer is a seasoned veteran, having competed in many local events, two collegiate national events, two age-grouped national events and most recently, the world championship. “I have done more triathlons than I can count,” Fahringer said. Though not every student has had Fahringer’s experience, other Brunonians have also tested themselves in the triathlon. Katie Voss ’14 said she grew up around triathlons — her father was a triathlete and she participated in minitriathlons as a child. She continued participating in a few in high school, and since coming to Brown she has done two, in addition to one this past summer with her brother. For Voss, triathlons have always been a “fun family event,” she said. “It’s a nice kind of motivation to work out,” Voss said. “It’s something to train for, and I like having something to look forward to.” Crossover athletes Other athletes, though practiced in their respective sports, are new to the triathlon. Andrew Powers ’15, a Herald opinions columnist, and Emily Lemmerman ’14 did not compete in their first triathlons until college. They were both distance runners in high school with little experience swimming or biking. “I got into cycling and decided to learn to swim,” Powers said. “I wanted to make myself more competitive, and it’s definitely always been in the back of my mind to train for an Ironman.” Powers plans to do a Half Ironman in March and a full one in May. Lemmerman said she was motivated by the new Nelson Fitness Center to train for a triathlon. “When the new pool opened up at Brown, I wanted to try it out so I started doing swim workouts,” she said. “Soon after, I decided to try a triathlon.” Lemmerman, who has done two sprints and plans to compete in an Olympic distance event next spring, said she had never considered doing triathlons before she came to Brown, but “being around so many students who are athletes was motivating and inspired (her) to try new things.” Powers, whose eventual goal is to qualify for the World Championship triathlon, believes the triathlon is “replacing the marathon, to a degree, as the thing people want to do to get in shape and compete,” he said. While Powers and Lemmerman had running backgrounds and found


Carl Olsson ’14, Flo Schalliol ’13.5 and Khalil Fuller ’14.5 competed in the FirmMan Rhode Island Half Ironman in Narragansett as a relay team. swimming to be the challenging part, Angeline Ebnet ’15 and Carl Olsson ’14 swam competitively in high school and focused more on the running. Ebnet began with her triathlon club at her high school in Alaska and since then has done three sprint triathlons — two in high school and one this past May. “I like how there is variety to break it up because I sometimes get bored doing one type of exercise for too long,” Ebnet said. “In triathlons, before you get too comfortable in any given leg, it’s time to transition to the next and that way you don’t get into a rut.” Olsson, who has done four sprint triathlons, agrees that training for three disciplines is a nice way to mix it up and said, “It’s nice to still be athletic and go to races even when you’re not a varsity athlete.” “It’s on a lot of people’s bucket list to compete in a triathlon, and I think it’s a lot easier to accomplish than some people think,” Olsson said. Three heads are better than one Triathlon relays are also available for those who choose not to compete in all three events. Olsson competed in the FirmMan Rhode Island Half Ironman in Narragansett as part of a relay team. He completed the swim leg, Khalil Fuller ’14.5 cycled and Flo Schalliol ’13.5 finished with the run. The relay team triathlon was a new experience for all of them. The three enjoy athletic activities and thought it would be a “cool, common thing” to do together. Schalliol, who had run a couple of 10-kilometer races said, “This time because it was a team effort, it motivated me to do better and actually have a competitive mindset. Knowing you’re doing it as a team really helps to

motivate you.” The key to training for triathlons is having friends to train with as motivation. Olsson, Fuller and Schalliol motivated each other throughout the summer by keeping a shared training diary. “I was surprised at the commitment of training,” Schalliol said. Since the triathlon encompasses three disciplines, it can require three times the effort. But the combination of running, biking and swimming also allows for a nice change in pace. “It’s a good time sync,” Powers said. “Because you can put as much or as little time as you want. You get out what you put in.” But at the same time, “training can definitely become a full-time job if you are really committed to it,” Ebnet said. The road goes ever on According to Fahringer, the collegiate triathlon scene is growing rapidly. “There was a huge push to make triathlon an NCAA sport,” Fahringer said. “Right now it looks like the women’s triathlon is going to go NCAA very soon and men are likely to follow, but rumor has it that may not happen for over ten years.” Fahringer, Powers and Voss all said it is unfortunate Brown does not yet have its version of a club triathlon team. “I tried to start one, but the administration kept giving me the run-around, no pun intended, despite a pretty large interest group,” Fahringer said. Powers said he hopes this is something students can push for in the near future, but in the meantime, there is no stopping the triathlon bug from spreading. “It’s definitely addicting,” Lemmerman said. “There’s nothing else quite like it.”

city & state 3



Varsheeni Raghupathy GS (bottom left) and the Brown Cheerleading team perform at various games, including ice hockey and basketball.

» GRADUATE, from page 1


Parking spots in Providence were transformed by artists, designers and students Friday for innovative uses like education, art and games.

Parking and recreation: artists transform spaces Over 30 parking spaces in the city were transformed on Friday into tiny parks, art pieces and fields By ADAM TOOBIN CITY & STATE EDITOR

Drivers looking for a parking spot in Providence Friday may have encountered an unexpected difficulty — finding small parks where they thought they could have parked. Artists, designers and students took over more than 30 parking spots around the city, converting them into educational spaces and pieces of art or repurposing them for other uses — like a field for the game cornhole. The artists were participating in Park(ing) Day, a worldwide event designed to reshape how people think about public spaces. Some of the parks — like the lounge outside restaurant AS220 — were simple, consisting of a few chairs and a

rug, while others were more extensive. Heather Hussey, a senior landscape architect student at University of Rhode Island, laid down a grass floor and covered it with plants and small trees, providing enough cover to convince visitors they had entered a natural park. The annual event began in 2005, when San Francisco design company Rebar transformed a parking spot in front of its office that “stood in place for two hours — the term of the lease offered on the face of the parking meter. When the meter expired, we rolled up the sod, packed away the bench and the tree, and gave the block a good sweep and left,” the group wrote on the event website. The state government joined the celebration as well, sponsoring a farmers market in its parking lot. Rep. Arthur Handy, D-Cranston, organized the “parklet,” which provided about 10 parking spaces to food trucks and produce providers.


Rep. Arthur Handy, D-Cranston, organized the “parklet” in the state government parking lot, which provided space for food trucks.

Despite the presence of nearly 2,000 graduate students on campus, there are only around 15 graduate student groups, said Timothy Shiner, director of Student Activities and the Stephen Robert ’62 Campus Center. Because graduate students “are at different phases of their lives,” they often do not have the time or interest to participate in activities outside of their immediate departmental studies, which may be the reason there is a relatively low number of graduate student-run clubs, Shiner said. He added that because there are fewer graduate students than undergraduates, the budget for graduate extracurricular activities is “significantly smaller” than that for undergraduate clubs. The array of undergraduate extracurriculars can therefore be incredibly enticing to a graduate student who wants to explore activities outside his or her department, said Keila Davis GS, Graduate Student Council president. “If you are active as an undergrad, you can’t go to grad school and not be involved in school,” Davis added. Shiner said graduate students often think it is difficult to join undergraduates’ ranks, though in almost all cases a graduate student’s request to join an undergrad group will be granted. Graduate students might be denied entry if the undergraduate group has a special clause in its mission statement that requires a certain percentage of undergraduate members, Shiner said. “It would be more difficult to join, say, an a cappella group, but graduate students joining political interest groups or service groups is very typical,” Shiner said. Guts to go undergrad Varsheeni Raghupathy GS is a member of the small but passionate cohort of graduate students that has infiltrated the undergraduate extracurricular scene. Raghupathy had always been part of a sports team as an undergraduate in India, so she went to club basketball tryouts at the start of her first semester. But upon walking on the basketball court, she was shocked by the players who were “five times (her) size,” she said. Raghupathy went out on a limb and instead decided to give basketball cheerleading a shot. “We didn’t even have cheerleading in India,” said Raghupathy. “I’ve danced before. But cheerleading is not

the same as dancing, no matter what.” The first time Raghupathy was asked to do a handstand, she did not know what it was. But the team was happy to teach her cheerleading tricks, starting from the basics. She began cheering at sports games ranging from ice hockey to football to basketball and learned the ins and outs of American athletics — at her first ice hockey game she did not know when to cheer since she did not know the rules. Raghupathy also simultaneously pursued her love of dance by joining the Brown Badmaash Dance Company. “It didn’t make a difference because I was a grad student,” Raghupathy said. “It was cool that I could fit in as if I were an undergrad.” Other graduate students also have continued activities they long participated in by joining University clubs. Milton Ochieng GS, a gastroenterology fellow at Warren Alpert Medical School, plays Brown club soccer. As a medical student at Vanderbilt University, Ochieng participated in the undergraduate-run club soccer team, so he was not nervous about being older than his teammates at Brown. One of the perks for Ochieng, like for Raghupathy, is connecting with undergraduates. “I get to make more friends. I get to make more Facebook friends,” he said. More Facebook friends turned out to be helpful when when he spent time in China over the summer. After he posted a status about being “all linguistically challenged” while abroad, a friend from the Vanderbilt undergraduate team commented, he said. It turned out his friend was also in the country, and they were able to meet up in Shanghai. Playing alongside Ochieng on the club soccer team is Simon Freyaldenhoven GS. He said he wanted to pick up soccer again when he enrolled at Brown and heard about the team through another graduate student member. “Honestly, I’m not sure the entire team knows I’m a grad student,” Freyaldenhoven said, adding that at 23 he is only a couple of years older than most of the undergraduates on the team. Overlap in graduate and undergraduate life at Brown can be “mutually beneficial,” Shiner said. Freyaldenhoven said in the United Kingdom — where he received a bachelor’s degree — there is less divide

between undergraduate and graduate students and he wishes it was the same way in the United States. “It’s nice to have some interactions with younger people and undergraduates,” he said. Raghupathy said her graduate peers were surprised but excited when they discovered her cheerleader alterego. Her graduate classmates attended a basketball game and were shocked to see her on the sidelines cheering. They continued attending games, now with her as the main attraction. One of her professors even made an appearance at a game to cheer for her as she cheered on the basketball players. She said her graduate student peers were pleased to see her growing circle of friends, which included undergraduate cheerleaders and dancers. Raghupathy said she learned about the “completely different” American college party scene from her cheerleader friends. After playing “neverhave-I-ever” with the cheerleaders, “all my secrets came out,” she said. Bridging the divide Many graduate students who have had beneficial experiences participating in undergraduate-run clubs have suggested that Brown expand the forums for these sorts of interactions. Kelly MacDonald MD ’15, a member of the Brown running club, said she would like to see the University continue some club activities over the summer. The running club, like most other campus organizations, does not meet in the summer, though many undergraduates and medical students are still on campus. Davis said she was considering having undergraduate clubs present at the Graduate School convocation in September in a manner similar to an activity fair. “We are definitely allowed to join undergraduate groups, and vice versa,” she said. “I wish there were more crossover between us though.” Estrada said his undergraduate experience at the Massachussetts Institute of Technology exposed him to mostly engineering concentrators, so the opportunity to meet young students whose interests are more diverse was “relaxing and rewarding.” “In the chorus I’ve gotten to interact with all these people studying these really great subjects,” Estrada said. “I don’t think I would have ever got that opportunity if I were just sitting up at lab with the other people in my major.”

4 arts & culture


Student comedians stage fake centennial anniversary Members of Brown StandUp Comics poked fun at aspects of student life in their fall opener Friday By MAX SCHINDLER STAFF WRITER

“I invited my friend to the show yesterday. She said, ‘Oh my god, there’ve been Brown Stand-Ups for 100 years?’” said Yotam Tubul ’14 in the opening act of the spoof “centennial anniversary” of Brown Stand-Up Comics. “No! There haven’t even been jokes for 100 years. You know how miserable life was in 1913?” Tubul asked the audience,

letting them in on the show’s joke title. Brown Stand-Up Comics opened its fall season with a crowd of about 250 students Friday night in Salomon 001. Around the same number of would-be audience members were turned away after the auditorium reached capacity, said Louisa Kellogg ’14.5, president of the group. The performance showcased seven student comedians with vignettes on topics ranging from hook-up culture to butchering animals. The stories were individually provocative — but also blended to create a seamless account of undergraduate life. Kellogg, who hosted the event, opened the show with a mockumentary


Andrew Silverman ‘14 performed an acoustic love song about a romance with a female butcher while strumming the guitar.

slideshow of the “history” of Brown Stand-Up Comics. The individual acts followed, with Tubul musing on the desire to beget children and Richard Mosesso ’14 recounting how heated arguments and tensions lead to solid make-up sex. Lisa Reggie-Franklin ’14.5 hit back against’s misogynistic “50 Ways to Be the Perfect College Girlfriend,” as item 29 on the list read “before you do anything, ask yourself, ‘would a psychopath do this?’” “If the answer is yes, don’t do it?” Reggie-Franklin asked rhetorically. “It’s not evident. My puny female brain can’t deal with this decision-making.” Most of the stand-up routines were met with raucous applause and hooting from the audience. “I thought it was hilarious,” said Adam Waters ’15. “It was my first time seeing BSUC in its own show rather than in a variety show, but I was really impressed by the number of people there, how good of a show they put on and how they had really good energy.” In his act, Adam Abehouse ’14 mused on shopping period and the search for the elusive fourth course. “Oh, what would Grandma say if I took Africana Studies?” Abehouse asked. Sam Heft-Luthy ’16, a former Herald senior staff writer, commented on the absurdity of the theory of evolution, and Andrew Silverman ’14 rounded out the evening with a


Yotam Tubul ‘14 performed during the opening act of the show, which elicited both hoots and applause from the audience. musical rendition of falling in love with a female butcher. Brown Stand-Up Comics offers a starting point for aspiring comedians, and many alums have entered the field after performing on its stage, Kellogg said. A number of recent graduates are currently trying their luck in New York, she added. Kellogg, who worked as an editorial intern at the Onion this summer, said telling jokes at Brown is far easier than performing stand-up in New

York and Chicago nightclubs. “We have so much in common with the people (we’re) talking to — you don’t have that anywhere else,” she said. Kellogg expressed hope that more women would participate in comedy groups and described the secret behind her success. “Comedy is about phrasing things in a way that point out something really funny or really weird,” she said. “A lot of what we do every day is weird, but we don’t think about them usually.”

sports monday 5



» NYTIMES, from page 1

The team will next face the defending Ivy League Champions, the Bulldogs, at Yale Saturday

subscriptions must use their own until they expire, Banush said. There are issues still being worked out with the new system. When users follow the email link sent by the Times to claim their academic passes, the web page will falsely state that the pass is only valid for 24 hours, due to a glitch in the system. This “programming issue” will be resolved by the end of September,

Squad finishes 2-1 in weekend tournament


The Bears faced off against the Hofstra Pride, the Delaware State Hornets and the Temple Owls this past weekend at the Temple Invitational tournament in Philadelphia. Bruno started off Friday with a 3-1 win against the Pride. While the score suggests a one-sided victory, the match was extremely competitive with two of the four sets forced to extra play. The final match statistics reveal that the Pride had a better hitting percentage, more blocks and more digs than the Bears. Brown led only in aces, having eight to Hofstra’s four. The Bears played key points well and secured the win by defeating Hofstra swiftly 25-18 in the fourth set. On Saturday, the Bears faced the Hornets and then tackled the Owls. In the first match, Brown defeated Delaware State three sets to one. Brown’s defense excelled by collectively achieving 63 digs. All three first-year starters had a strong performance in the game. In their final match-up of the tournament, the Owls flew past the Bears 3-0. The Bears’ hitting percentage was significantly lower than that of their opponents, and a tough Owl defense resulted in a decisive loss.

“I think the weekend overall went well even though we lost our last match and even though we had the potential to beat Temple,” said McKenna Webster ’16. A key weakness was Bruno’s many unforced errors, which, if limited, could have changed the outcome of the match, Webster said. “At the beginning of each game — when we played (Temple) — we dug ourselves into a hole … so trying to get up from such a large gap was hard,” McKenna said. But she said she was optimistic about the team’s progress, citing the improvement in the team’s focus from the start of the season. Head Coach Diane Short said she sees development in this year’s squad from last year and credits much of this to strong intra-team competition during training. “The competition is better on the team,” Short said. “That always helps the team to be stronger when you have other players pushing you to be better.” Short said she is looking forward to the upcoming Ivy season, which starts Saturday when the Bears travel down to New Haven, Conn. to face the Yale Bulldogs. “Yale won the Ivy (Championships) last year and that’s our first match, so we’ll see how we measure up to the top team in the league right away,” Short said. Short said she thinks the team will improve from last year, and she wants to see “high intensity, very consistent effort and focus” going forward.

L AU R A W I N - N E Y


Laura Linney ’86 won an Emmy for Best Actress in a Miniseries/ Movie for her performance in “The Big C.”

» SOCCER, from page 8 “We struggled (against Sacred Heart) in the first half,” Pincince said. “I don’t think our midfielders and forwards were on the same page.” A goal was finally scored 56:45 into the game, when forward Sydney Calas ’17 outran her defender and lobbed the ball towards Siegelman, who was standing a few feet in front of Judkins. The pass deflected off of Siegelman toward a sprinting Cross, who shot the ball straight into the net. In a similar play eight minutes later, Calas again rushed past the Sacred Heart defensive line and quickly passed the ball to Cross who, undefended, sunk the ball into the bottom left corner of the goal to make the

Banush said. Access was initially intended to be offered to University community members starting Sept. 1, Banush said. But on Aug. 27, the Times website was hacked and crashed by the Syrian Electronic Army, causing the release of the Academic Pass to be pushed back and coders to change priorities, he said. “We did a lot of testing” before announcing the service, Banush said. The library tested the service

on different devices and in different locations before releasing it to the Brown community. “There’s really nothing you can naysay about it,” said Ethan Blake ’17. “I am not able to read the newspaper in its entirety, so to compensate for that I have the New York Times as my computer homepage. Sweet deal.” “I think people will love it,” Banush said. But, he added, “the crossword puzzles, unfortunately, only come in print.”

score 2-0. “In the first half we weren’t attacking so well,” Cross said. “After halftime we were really focused on moving forward. When we got our opportunities, we stepped up and put them away.” Cross, who also scored the lone goal in last year’s victory over the Pioneers, called Calas a rising star. “Obviously Sydney hasn’t played that much so far, but she’s done a great job filling her role,” Cross said. On defense, Brown was led by back Ali Mullin ’14, who guarded Sacred Heart’s leading goal-scorer, Kristin Verrette, for most of the game. Verrette, who has recorded 36 shots this year and is the reigning Northeast Conference Player of the Week, failed

to get a single shot until the second half. “She’s an unsung hero,” Pincince said of Mullin. “She doesn’t stick out — she just gets her job done, and I’m very pleased with what she’s done all year.” The Bears next take the field Sunday, when they host Dartmouth at 1 p.m. Going into Ivy League play, Pincince says the team is focused on continuing to improve from game to game. “The Ivy games are still soccer games,” Pincince said. “We need to come out, play like we can and not think that everything has changed. These six games we’ve played have been tools for us to open up conference play.”

comics Real Stories, Real Students | Jimmy Xia

Let’s Talk | Nava Winkler and Regine Rosas

6 commentary



Moving online, removing the human element As technology becomes ever more omnipresent in the modern age, universities have begun experimenting with digital strategies to expedite and accelerate their students’ learning. The most notable example is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s OpenCourseWare, which, according to its website, digitizes and makes public “virtually all MIT course content.” This past year, Brown has also taken steps to explore the potential of online programs, utilizing Coursera and Canvas to offer or supplement its courses. In addition to Massive Open Online Courses — MOOCs — ­­ that were offered over the summer, professors have begun to integrate additional virtual components, such as online videos to supplement lecture material, into classes this fall. While it is important for Brown to explore these and other options, we must be wary of how much influence we give to computers as an instrument of education and remain mindful of the limits of technology. There is much that can be gained from courses that either employ a fully online model or a hybridized version of live classroom and digital presentation. MOOCs offer a chance for students to learn from not just one given institution, but also from many schools around the world. MOOCs let students learn at their own pace. Students can rewatch lectures online or access online resources to reinforce difficult concepts. Virtual classrooms also have the potential to facilitate student discussion, since social inhibitions that can stifle in-person conversation are diminished in online forums. Many find it easier to express their views from behind the safety of a computer screen. But avoiding the classroom environment also limits face-to-face interactions between professors and peers, an invaluable aspect of college that is a requisite for later success in life. Students should not miss out on the chance to truly get to know their professors through the learning process. The online model may allow for more — more ideas, more openness, more people with whom to engage — but removing the ever-important human element has the potential to stunt social growth. Regardless of these concerns, it would seem that the advent of digital education is upon us, whether we like it or not. But if we are going to incorporate online platforms into higher education, we need to do it right — and it is necessary to recognize what computers are both capable and incapable of. Frank Levy, an economist at MIT who has done extensive research on the influence of technology, writes in his paper “Dancing With Robots” that while human work “involves the cognitive processing of information,” computers merely carry out predetermined rules. Levy delineates the respective strengths of the human and digital cognitions: computers are far superior in terms of speed and accuracy, but the human mind’s asset is its flexibility. As this applies to education, it is apparent that computers would be best suited to complete simple functions like grading quizzes or teaching basic facts quickly and efficiently. But instruction that requires nuance or flexibility can’t be digitized — it requires human effort. Thus, we should be cautiously optimistic about online learning. It has the potential to facilitate simple tasks, allowing teachers to devote more time to discussion and communication with individual students. But there are some aspects of the educational process that simply cannot be performed by anything but a human, and trying to place a computer in these roles would lead to disastrous results. Learning is more than the rote intake of information — it requires interaction among students and instructors to allow for cognitive and intellectual growth.



“I get to make more friends. I get to make more Facebook friends.” ­— Milton Ochieng GS See graduate, page 1. LETTER TO THE EDITOR

We need to empathize with victims of violence on both sides To the Editor: Robyn Sundlee (“Sundlee ’16: Let Yourself Look,” Sept. 20) invokes the example of “murdered children in Palestine” to promote a brand of apolitical, unconditional empathy for victims of violence. I commend her for this. I hope she also chooses to apply this same apolitical, unconditional empathy to Israeli victims of violence, regardless of whether their images make it to the newspaper. Shane Fischbach ’15

Letters, please!

Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board: its editor, Rachel Occhiogrosso, and its members, Daniel Jeon, Hannah Loewentheil and Thomas Nath. Send comments to

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Editors-in-Chief Lucy Feldman Shefali Luthra

Arts & Culture Editors Hannah Abelow Maddie Berg

Head Photo Editor Emily Gilbert

General Managers Julia Kuwahara Samuel Plotner

Managing Editors Elizabeth Carr Jordan Hendricks

City & State Editors Sona Mkrttchian Adam Toobin

Senior Editors Aparna Bansal Alexa Pugh

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Strategic Director Greg Jordan-Detamore

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BLOG DAILY HERALD Editor-in-Chief Meredith Bilski

Sports Editors James Blum Connor Grealy

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commentary 7


Really, ResLife? DANIEL DELANEY opinions columnist

Every year, Brown students are forced to go through one of the worst processes of their time here. Before I tell you what it is, think of a few possibilities. Was the housing assignment process one of them? If so, you agree with many people on campus. Despite what the Herald’s Editorial Page Board wrote (“Editorial: Save the housing lottery,” Sept. 12), it’s probably one of the worst systems you could possibly come up with for figuring out housing at a university. They advertise it as one of the most exciting times of the year. I can think of stressful, strenuous, frustrating, intense, painful and ridiculous as a few adjectives to describe it, but definitely not exciting. Let’s start with the basics. For one, students have three chances to live where and with whom they want during their time at Brown. Who you live with and where you live are often two of the

most important factors in determin- deal with drunk roommates coming offers arguably some of the best living academic, social and spiritual in at 2 a.m. before a game or perfor- ing space across campus. The suites success. Yet hundreds of students mance? have huge common rooms and opget shafted every year because of the I know more than a few groups tions for doubles, singles, quads and unconscionable system of “summer who have been split up because of triples, as well as private kitchens assignment.” summer assignment. Often, half the and bathrooms. Yet it was recentSummer assignment says sever- group gets put somewhere great and ly assigned to be sophomore-only al things. It says, “Hey, we actually everyone else gets put in a dump. housing. don’t care very much about giving That’s awesome for the half living That’s good for the sophomores, you residential options, but what about all of my we just care about makupperclassmen classing sure we can have your mates stuck living in “It’s outrageous that such a critical $7,200 in residential fees, Graduate Center suites aspect of life at Brown is regulated sorry.” It also says, “Oh, with filthy bathrooms and we also don’t care and no common rooms? by such a disorganized system of very much about whethAnd don’t forget to count selection.” er or not you live with the abundance of light who you want. But we’re and the friendly constill getting your $7K per year. We’re in Vartan Gregorian Quadrangle or crete interior. You’ve got to be kidsorry?” 315 Thayer St., but what about the ding me. It’s absolutely ridiculous that ev- sorry party that ends up between Phi Possibly the worst thing about all ery year, over 50 students in every Psi and Alpha Chi Omega in Sears of this, though, is that it’s become alclass don’t know where they will be House on Wriston Quadrangle? most impossible to live off campus living until the end of summer rolls This leads me to my second point until you’re a senior. This just reinaround and somebody places them — the housing lottery fails spectacu- forces the point that your freedom in rooms. Not only that, but they larly to take into account the value to choose where you want to live at also often don’t even know whether of quality living spaces here on cam- Brown is slim to none. For those unthey’ll be living with the people they pus. Just look at the changes in resi- derclassmen who haven’t read the went into the housing lottery with. dence halls that are now designated fine print under the housing conWhat about the groups of athletes for certain classes. tract, it says “off-campus only guaror singers or actors who are trying Barbour Hall, though farther anteed for seniors.” What it should to live together so they don’t have to from campus than a lot of dorms, say is, “If you’re hoping to live off

campus as a junior, don’t bother, because by the time you get permission to do so, if you even get it, there will be no houses left for you to choose from. Sorry again.” More and more people are trying to live off campus every year in large part so they can avoid the housing lottery. I know people who don’t get permission to live off campus and end up doing everything they can to live in Machado House or Buxton House — dorms with program houses students can apply to join — so they don’t have to deal with the possibility of facing summer assignment and all its uncertainties. There shouldn’t be a mad struggle to live in comfort, but that’s what it is. Choosing where you will live for a whole year seems like a pretty important part of one’s college experience. It’s outrageous that such a critical aspect of life at Brown is regulated by such a disorganized system of selection. Maybe moving it online will help, but come on, Brown. There’s just no excuse. Daniel Delaney ’15 can be reached for comments at

A generation we can’t lose SCOTT FREITAG opinions columnist

Year after year, college graduates are confronted with headlines about the employment woes of their graduating class. During the Great Recession of 2007 to 2009, unemployment of young adults — ages 20 through 24 — exceeded 200 percent of historical levels, leaving over 600,000 young workers jobless for six months or more. Even for college graduates aged 25 or older, the unemployment rate has been as high as 4.5 percent. More critically, college graduates are not only leaving without jobs, they are remaining jobless for an average of more than six months. Recent economic indicators — optimistic job reports and Gross Domestic Product forecasts — have been encouraging. But growth in macroeconomic indicators has masked underlying structural weaknesses in the labor market. With high levels of unemployment among young adults, there is an increasing skills gap, with long-term implications for workforce productivity. First and second jobs are critical for the development of early skills, establishing future salaries and serving as indicators for the economy’s long-term vitality. With employment trajectories shortened before they even begin, the future of the American economy has never been so uncertain. Economists have long discussed the costs of unemployment on the

individual and the economy. When an individual loses his or her job, there are both financial and psychological effects. Losing a job or failing to find one can be incredibly stressful. Fear and anxiety can cause a loss of confidence, resulting in prolonged stints of unemployment. For college graduates without financial support, the difficulties of

“With erosion of skills and a generation of inexperienced college graduates, the economy is in danger of decreased productivity and weakened international competitiveness.”

unemployment can make it challenging to repay student loans while paying for necessities like food, rent and utilities. Lengthy unemployment can lead to the erosion of skills and a permanent reduction in projected future earnings. In many professions, entry-level jobs provide the development of skills needed to succeed in the future. Learning to use Excel, research an issue, design a business plan or write a briefing provides workers with the skill set necessary to succeed and understand the ins and outs of a profession. The lack of these skills make individuals less at-

tractive not only for promotion, but also for future job prospects, detaching individuals from the labor market. The United States is a servicebased economy dependent on productivity and innovation for growth. With erosion of skills and a generation of inexperienced college graduates, the economy is in danger of decreased productivity and weakened international competitiveness. Although the entrepreneurial spirit that drives the American economy is still very much alive, industry must increase investment and support for the development of our future workforce. The development of training programs, which facilitate the transition from school to employment, can help alleviate the effects of large-scale unemployment. It is essential to close the skills gap and prepare young adults — both college graduates and teenagers who may have dropped out of school — to enter the workforce. But the conversation in Washinton is often dominated by budget debates instead of conversations surrounding how to fix the challenges facing college graduates today. Beyond simply ensuring that college remains affordable for all, Washington and industry leaders must safeguard our future by focusing on job growth. Industry in parts of Central Europe has taken the lead in reducing youth unemployment. In Austria, vocational training programs that provide apprenticeships after compulsory schooling have been highly successful. About 40 percent of Austrian teenagers are now participating

in some type of vocational training program. Similarly, Germany provides a dual-program approach to education and training, where apprentices spend half the week at a company learning practical skills and the other half learning the theory beyond their trades to support their future careers. The low rates of youth unemployment in Austria and Germany are no coincidence. Though these systems can be expensive to fund, they provide industry with a large supply of workers equipped with the necessary skill sets to succeed. This is surely a worthy investment. In the United States, the federal government can reduce youth unemployment through expansion of programs like AmeriCorps, a community service network that encourages engagement in nonprofits, schools, communities, et cetera. However, the long-term growth of our economy cannot be ensured by government, but instead by leaders in industry and education.

The government must ensure education remains affordable, while universities must provide curricula that prepare students to succeed after graduation. By creating work-training programs as an alternative to traditional education, industry can also provide opportunities to those who have dropped out of traditional schooling. While difficult to quantify, the past few years in the U.S. have shown that the economic costs of unemployment are profound. With high levels of unemployment among college graduates for over five years, a generation of young adults has been disadvantaged. As tuition costs continue to rise, student loans move to the center of the political debate and a weak economy struggles to expand, the issue of youth unemployment cannot be forgotten. Scott Freitag ’14 is hoping to be employed at the end of the year. He can be reached at







Columbia 4 Brown 1

Indiana 2 Brown 1

Brown 3 Hofstra 1

Brown 2 Sacred Heart 0

Brown 4 Colgate 3

Butler 3 Brown 0

Brown 3 Delaware St. 1


M. WATER POLO St. Francis 16 Brown 15


Sixth @ Iona Meet of Champions


Fourth @ Iona Meet of Champions


Bruno wins two straight games Students swim, bike, First-years Gould and run to new heights Calas made an impact in wins over UMass Amherst and Sacred Heart By LLOYD SY SPORTS STAFF WRITER

The women’s soccer team won its two games this past week and will take a 4-2-0 record into the start of Ivy League play next Sunday. Brown 2, UMass 1 The Bears went on the road and defeated the University of Massachusetts at Amherst (3-5-1) last Thursday night 2-1 at Rudd Field. In her fifth college game, midfielder Carly Gould ’17 scored her first goal in a Brown uniform 17 minutes and 47 seconds into the match with a header set up by a corner kick from Annie Gillen ’15. As the first half drew to a close, the Minutewomen equalized the score when Alyssa D’Arcy received a pass from Daniela Alvarez and sent the ball soaring past Bears goalie Amber Bledsoe ’14. The winning goal came just over

a minute into the second half after a Brown corner kick deflected off a UMass defender into her own net. “Our corner kick offense was big, because we scored both of our goals from that,” Gould said. “At the same time, our corner kick defense has been improving, and it’s definitely paying off.” Head Coach Phil Pincince said the team had devoted a practice to corner kicks “just two practices prior” to the UMass game. He credited Brown’s aggressiveness on defense as the deciding factor against the Minutewomen. “We didn’t give up,” Pincince said. “It was a real physical game, and we were very, very patient in what we were trying to do.” Overall, the Bears outshot the Minutewomen 13-9, with Captain Mika Siegelman ’14 leading the team with five shots. Bruno held UMass to three shots in the second half. Bledsoe was credited with two saves, while Mary Catherine Barrett ’14, who has typically kept goal for the second half of Brown’s games this season, recorded one save in her half of play and was awarded the victory. Brown 2, Sacred Heart 0

Bruno hosted Sacred Heart (3-6-0) Sunday afternoon, beating the Pioneers 2-0 in the Bears’ last match before the beginning of Ivy League play. Last year’s contest between the two schools ended in a 1-0 victory for Brown, but the Pioneers came into the tilt on a two-game winning streak, having beaten the University of Massachusetts at Lowell and Yale in the past two weeks. Brown was also Sacred Heart’s fourth Ivy League opponent in its last five games. The game started off slowly, with most of the action occurring between the two sides’ goal boxes. In the first 10 minutes, only one shot was attempted, by Sacred Heart’s Elisa Robiglio. In the 25th minute, forward Chloe Cross ’15 received a lob pass from Gould and tapped it into the net past goalie Sydney Judkins. But the shot was declared offside, nullifying the would-be goal. Three minutes later, Brown narrowly missed scoring again, when midfielder Kirsten Belinsky ’15 failed to capitalize on a cross into the goal box from Gould. The two teams entered halftime scoreless. » See SOCCER, page 5

Rebecca Fahringer GS was the third finisher for Team USA at London World Championships

bike and a marathon run. The trend has extended to College Hill, with a significant number of students training for and competing in triathlons.


Veteran triathletes Some students are already familiar with the grueling three-part competition. Rebecca Fahringer GS competed in the Standard Distance Age-Group World Championships in London Sept. 15, placing 16th out of 54 competitors in the “really competitive” 20- to 24-year-old age group, she said. In addition to ranking, she was also the third finisher from Team USA and the 140th female out of nearly 800 overall competitors. “This was my first (World Championship), but so many people there had been to many” in the past, Fahringer said. “I spoke with one woman whose age group was 75-79 who had done over 15.” A runner throughout high school, Fahringer chose not to run for a varsity team in college. During her junior » See TRIATHLON, page 2


Some people participate in triathlons to get in better shape, while others — who often have competitive swimming or running backgrounds — seek a new athletic challenge. In all cases, the triathlon fits the bill. The popularity of triathlons has surged within the past decade, with the membership of USA Triathlon increasing from 122,388 members in 2000 to a record 550,446 members in 2012. The beginner-friendly sprint distance consists of a 500-meter swim, 12-mile bike and 5-kilometer run. The Olympic distance doubles the sprint with a 0.9-mile swim, 25-mile bike and 10-kilometer run. Then there is the ultimate triathlon, the Ironman, which has a 2.4-mile swim, 112-mile


Quarterback Patrick Donnelly ’14 hit the ground running with 141 yards and two touchdowns before halftime. He said the whole team was energetic and “chomping at the bit to play.”

» FOOTBALL, from page 1 camp and preseason forever … everyone was chomping at the bit to play,” Donnelly said. The second quarter was much the same, with Bruno converting two of its three drives for touchdowns. Donnelly dumped a screen pass to Spooney, who followed a great lead block by guard Daniel Austin ’14 and scampered 24 yards into the end zone for his second score of the day. Spooney struck again with four

minutes left in the second with a shifty seven-yard run for touchdown number three. Donnelly’s aerial attack — 15 for 21 for 141 yards and two touchdowns before halftime — was supplemented by a strong running game by Spooney. The speedy back raced for 53 firstquarter yards and hit the century mark before the end of the first half to go along with two touchdowns. “Welcome back John Spooney,” Estes said, opening his postgame remarks by emphasizing the positive

impact the running back brought after Spooney took last year off to focus on preparing for track and field. After Donnelly led the offense to its fifth touchdown with three minutes left in the third quarter, his strong season-opening performance was over, and he was relieved by backup quarterback Marcus Fuller ’15 and the second team offense. The second teamers did their part the rest of the way, with Robert Grebenc ’15 scoring a touchdown on a 25yard run to push the offensive output


Donnelly led the offense to its fifth touchdown with three minutes left in the third quarter before switching with second team offense. to 45 points, the most for the Brown squad since 2008. Georgetown found its only offensive success in the final minute when it connected on a touchdown pass to break the shutout. Despite the lopsided score, Estes and defensive captain Michael Yules

’14 stressed the many aspects of the game where the team did not execute. “We are our hardest critics,” Estes said. “There are a lot of things that I think we have to fix before next week.” Bruno plays its Ivy League opener next Saturday against Harvard in Boston.

Monday, September 23, 2013  

The September 23, 2013 issue of the Brown Daily Herald