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the Brown

vol. cxlvi, no. 93

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Since 1891

Teaching, research dominate professors’ time Bears gear Percentage of professors ranking task as up for most time-consuming mission impossible By Eli Okun Contributing Writer

Less than 50 percent of faculty members rank teaching as the most time-consuming part of their job, according to a poll conducted this fall by The Herald. The poll asked faculty members to rank the amount of time they spend teaching, conducting research, writing grant proposals, participating in University governance and advising students. Though many professors are satisfied with the breakdown of tasks, some said they feel increased pressure to publish as the University seeks to expand its international research profile.

Forty-four percent of professors indicated teaching takes up the largest portion of their time, while 42.3 percent reported they spend the most time on research. Less than 11 percent of faculty ranked grant writing, governance or advising as the most time-consuming task. Poll respondents were given the option of assigning multiple tasks the same rank. The administration has no explicit expectations for how professors should divide their time, said Kevin McLaughlin P’12, dean of the faculty. But teaching and research are weighted more heavily in annual faculty evaluations than

By james blum Sports Staff Writer

As he enters his third year as the head coach of the men’s ice hockey team, Brendan Whittet ’94 does not consider any goal unachievable during the upcoming season.

M. Ice hockey

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oping here and for everybody who is here to support us and learn more about what we’re doing,” Annie Rose London ’11.5 told the crowd that gathered Monday afternoon by the memorial statue in Burnside Park to witness the letter’s delivery to the mayor’s office. London, one of a handful of Brown students heavily involved in the movement, opened the press conference to cheers from the crowd of the roughly 100 Occupiers. Using a strategy known as “the human microphone,” the crowd repeated and amplified each of her lines. London called the encampment “a safe space where people can come, have conversations and learn from each other.” She added the park has been kept clean and

“Our goal as a program is to win the national championship,” Whittet said. “Some people say we’re crazy — that it can’t be done. Well, it can be done.” The team finished the 201011 season with a 10-16-5 (8-12-2 ECAC) record. Though the team showed flashes of brilliance — including a win over top-ranked Yale on a last-minute goal — it was plagued by inconsistency throughout the season, at one point enduring a five-game losing streak. Despite its checkered past, assistant captain Bobby Farnham ’12 said he believes the team can overcome these issues through hard work and persistence. “If we are consistent all year, and we work hard all year, we’re going to be very successful with the team we have,” Farnham said. The team lost four seniors in May, including Harry Zolnierczyk ’11, who signed with the Philadelphia Flyers and recently scored his

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Kyle McNamara / Herald

‘Cole under Occupiers refuse to leave Burnside Park pressure’ makes diamonds By kate Nussenbaum Contributing Writer

Hip-hop died in 2006. Some of you may have heard Nas’ eulogy. The emcees from my childhood — the Jay-Zs, DMXs and WuTangs of the world — remained mostly relevant but lost some of their luster as they struggled to reinvent themselves in a musical world thirsting for corporate beats and catchy choruses. Kanye West and Lil Wayne ruled supreme as much of the hip-hop world lagged behind. But as the old guard fades out, a new generation of rappers is emerging, one that is bucking the trend of macho thuggery that for so long has run rampant in the genre for so long. At the forefront of this wave is Jermaine Cole, aka J Cole, aka Cole World, aka In A Game Full Of Liars It Turns Out That I’m The Truth. Sunday night, he performed at Lupo’s Heartbreak Hotel to a sold-out crowd. After the opening act was booed offstage and threw water on the crowd, Cole’s DJ — DJ Dummy — built suspense with an incredibly long, Drake-and-JayZ-filled set, after which Cole took the stage to raucous applause. Much of Cole’s material focuses on struggling to make it as a rapper, striving for fame and adoration in the face of overwhelming odds and skeptics. Now, having


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news........................2 CITY & State........3-5 editorial.............6 Opinions................7 SPORTS....................8

that they vacate Burnside Park, members of the movement told Mayor Angel Taveras they plan on staying put. A little more than a week after first setting up tents in Burnside Park, Occupiers convened Monday afternoon to deliver a letter

With quirk and funk, motherly only in name By Kristina Fazzalaro Arts & Culture Editor

Like the newspaper itself, the logo of the free monthly publication Mothers News is undeniably unique.

FEATURE The flag at the top of the front page — the equivalent of The Herald’s Van Wickle Gates motif — is a cameo-like portrait of a Victorian man. His collar is buttoned just so, and his hair is perfectly parted. But unfortunately, his face has been ripped off. Without the top layer of skin, the literal mechanics working hard beneath the surface are visible — wires, pipes and machinery twist in and out of each other in a


Station fire survivor addresses journalism class CITY & STATE, 4

convoluted catacomb structure. On the front page of one issue, lurking to the right, the “o” in Mothers News has been replaced by a dung beetle and his namesake meal. While this local 8-page paper is called Mothers News, it is definitely not your mother’s newspaper. The good word

Written and illustrated almost exclusively by founder, editor and publisher Jacob Berendes, Mothers News is a distorted take on a newspaper. There is a gossip section, a comics spread, a space dedicated to fashion news and a top-10 list — which does not always list 10 things. Olneyville resident Berendes also continued on page 4

Eco-Startup Alums turn a class project into a label company City & State, 5

Talia Kagan / Herald

Mothers News provides a unique newspaper experience to readers.


Keystone XL should drive activism opinions, 7


By Sammy feldblum Contributing Writer

Members of Occupy Providence announced their willingness to transition from lawful demonstration to civil disobedience yesterday. In response to demands

to the mayor’s office stating that they have no immediate plans to leave the park. “We respectfully restate our intention to remain in Burnside Park for however long it takes to build a society by, for and of the people,” the letter states. City officials’ calls for the protesters to disperse have mounted over the last few days. Public Safety Commissioner Steven Pare asked Occupiers Thursday to notify the city of an end date to the encampment. David Ortiz, the mayor’s spokesman, announced yesterday that the city would seek a legal injunction to remove the protesters. Occupiers have been camping in the park ­— which they renamed People’s Park — without a permit since Oct. 15. “We are so excited and grateful for the community that is devel-

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The Brown Daily Herald Tuesday, October 25, 2011

By Kat Thornton Senior Staff Writer

George Vecchione, CEO of Lifespan, announced Friday he will step down at the end of 2012. Lifespan, the largest private employer in the state, is a consortium of five hospitals in Rhode Island — including Rhode Island Hospital, Hasbro Children’s Hospital, Miriam Hospital and Bradley Hospital, which are all teaching schools for Alpert Medical School. Vecchione became CEO in 1998. During his tenure, Vecchione re-

vamped affiliate hospitals’ finances and added 2,000 new full time positions, according to a company press release. Vecchione has been “very, very effective” at Lifespan, said Edward Wing, dean of medicine and biological sciences. “He’s also been someone who’s put a lot of resources into research and education,” Wing said. In 2007, Vecchione earned the highest salary of any New England health care executive, nearly $3 million, according to a 2009 article in the Providence Phoenix. He received

around $9.3 million in 2009, though Lifespan told WRNI that most of that came from his retirement fund. The board of directors for Lifespan is set to begin a national search for a new CEO. Wing said he was involved in the selection process for the new president of Care New England Health System and expects to have some input on the Lifespan search. “I hope he continues many of the things that George did,” Wing said of Vecchione’s successor. A Lifespan representative declined to comment for this article.

Humanities trump sciences in teaching time continued from page 1 service, a category that includes participation in faculty governance and on department committees, McLaughlin said. Time priorities varied considerably across disciplines. While 67.8 percent of humanities faculty members listed teaching as most time-consuming, only 34.1 percent of social science and 31.5 percent of science professors did so. This divide is not surprising, given the differences in professors’ course loads, McLaughlin said. Professors in the sciences are generally expected to teach two courses, as compared to four in the humanities and three or four in the social sciences, he said. Though the University has increased its focus on teaching in recent years, McLaughlin said it is important for the administration to emphasize research productivity as well. “We don’t exist in a vacuum. We have peers, and these professions are all part of a broader market,” he said. “We couldn’t simply decide to diverge very far from the expectations across the whole spectrum. What we do is say that teaching matters to us.” Eugene Charniak, professor of computer science, said he finds his various roles manageable and well-balanced. “I came here with roughly the priorities that were expected of me,” he said. “I mostly enjoy teaching because it allows me to learn new things, and the same with research.” The lines between responsibilities are often blurred, especially when opportunities for student involvement in research abound, said Donald Forsyth, professor of geological sciences. “It’s very dif-

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The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Single copy free for each member of the community. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Subscription prices: $280 one year daily, $140 one semester daily. Copyright 2011 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved. editorial

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there is more pressure on faculty members to be productive as researchers. Yunan Ji ’14 said Brown’s commitment to strong teaching in conjunction with research distinguished it during her application process. “I like that we focus on undergraduate education because I think that’s what makes us unique,” she said. For Charniak, the combination of undergraduate access to professors and cutting-edge research produced one of his most memorable students — John Hale ’98, now a professor of linguistics and cognitive science at Cornell. “He came to Brown with the express intent of working with me because he had read a book I wrote,” Charniak said. Hale went on to concentrate in computer science and cognitive science, and his research with Charniak created a “big impact,” he said. “I think that’s a great Brown success story.” Methodology

Online questionnaires were sent to personal accounts of 902 faculty Sept. 25 and advertised on the faculty Morning Mail Sept. 27, Oct. 4 and Oct. 7. The poll closed Oct. 8. Only faculty that “teach, advise or interact with undergraduate students” were invited to respond, and 174 responses were recorded. The poll has a 6.6 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. The margin of error is 11.3 percent for the subset of faculty focusing in the humanities, 10.5 percent for the subset of faculty focusing in science and 14 percent for the subset of faculty focusing in social science. Find results of previous polls at the_herald


the Brown

ficult to define where the boundary is between teaching and research,” he said. “It’s all totally integrated.” Evelyn Lincoln, associate professor of history of art and architecture and Italian studies, said the intersections of various priorities make her job more enjoyable. “They feed from each other. I find that my research sometimes goes in unexpected directions because I might decide to teach a class in something that I wouldn’t otherwise have been interested in,” she said. “It can be a productive tension.” But not all professors are satisfied with the University’s focus. Since the administration adopted more stringent tenure standards last year, there has been a definite change in the way junior faculty members approach their work, said Harold Roth, professor of religious studies and East Asian studies and director of the Contemplative Studies Initiative. A member of the Faculty Executive Committee, he said it has been more difficult to get professors to serve in faculty governance. Professors now feel more of a need to publish, he said. “I think it’s a direct result of the disrespect shown by some — not all, but only by some — members of the administration to faculty who don’t make research their number one priority,” he said. Though Roth said he believes research is important and that teaching is valued at Brown, he said he is worried the University might be weakening its emphasis on undergraduate education, thereby undermining its defining strength. Though there used to be an equal emphasis on teaching and research, he said it now seems like

City & State 3

The Brown Daily Herald Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Providence Occupiers demand continuation of protests continued from page 1 recycling and composting programs have been instituted. “This is a place of free speech,” she said. “Every day there have been workshops, teach-ins, conversation ideas and community developing.” Four Occupiers read the letter aloud, pausing after each line to allow the crowd to repeat their words. Ian Turnbull, 23, who is originally from New Jersey and works at an information table in the park, said the letter was crafted collaboratively last week at a meeting of the Occupy Providence General Assembly, which convenes almost every evening. When the letter was read, the crowd cheered and marched across Kennedy Plaza toward City Hall. “On behalf of Occupy Providence, we’d like to submit a letter to the mayor,” an Occupier announced once the group reached the building’s second

floor. The crowd marched out of the building down the middle of Westminster Street to Memorial Boulevard, shouting, “Show me what democracy looks like! This is what democracy looks like!” and “Hey hey, ho ho, corporate greed just has to go!” As the crowd passed the Bank of Rhode Island and Citizens Bank, they chanted, “We got sold out! Banks got bailed out!” Occupiers told The Herald they were optimistic about the movement’s impact and hopeful about the outcome of their letter. Wendy Holmes, 70, an East Side resident, said government officials have been very understanding. Though she is not camping out in the park, she supports those who are and thinks they should be allowed to stay indefinitely. “If money is speech, Occupation should be speech too,” she said. Woonsocket native Kristian Vario, 25, said the police in particular have been very coopera-

tive. “They’re totally on our side,” she said. She is unsure of what the effects of the letter will be but hopes the mayor will consider how protesters have taken care of the park and allow them to stay, she said. Cranston resident David Gilbert, 40, said he came to the park’s press conference to get a better sense of the movement. While he is uncertain of the movement’s goals, he said he supports its presence in Burnside Park. “I believe the march is about exercising rights,” he added. For London, a response from the mayor is only a secondary goal of the press conference and delivery of the letter. She said she is more focused on drumming up excitement about the movement within the community. Brown students in particular should become involved, she said. “We’re doing amazing work here. This is a space to apply the engaged scholarship Brown always talks about.”

Kate Nussenbaum / Herald

Occupiers said they hope city officials will consider how well they have treated the area as the city demands an end date for the encampment in Burnside Park.

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4 City & State

The Brown Daily Herald Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Fire survivor tells tale Off-kilter local paper ‘creates a world’ of overcoming trauma continued from page 1

By Sophia Seawell Staff Writer

Gina Russo expected Feb. 20, 2003 to be a normal day. She spent the afternoon with her sister and her sister’s children, and at 4:30 p.m. she met her fiance, Fred Crisostomi, for dinner at her mother’s house. She heard later that Crisostomi told a neighbor that afternoon, “It’s a beautiful day to be alive.” That night at 11 p.m. — just over six hours later — Crisostomi was one of 100 victims of a fire at The Station nightclub in Warwick. Russo recounted the story of the nation’s fourth-worst fire to students of ENGL 0160: “Journalistic Writing” in Smith-Buonnano 201 last night at 7 p.m. Crisostomi and Russo, both “great ’80s rock enthusiasts,” decided to attend a Great White concert at the nightclub at the last minute after missing the movie they had planned to see. Russo described the club, which was over capacity that night, as “body to body and shoulder to shoulder.” It was when pyrotechnic displays started going off that the problems began. “There was nowhere for them to go. They kept hitting the ceiling,” Russo said of the fireworks that triggered the blaze. She added that polyurethane foam — a sound-

proofing, but also highly flammable, material — lined the ceiling. The couple tried to exit through a nearby door, but the bouncer refused to let them, saying that the door was only for the band’s use. “Fred said, ‘We can’t stand here and argue with this man,’” Russo said. “The ceiling was half engulfed by flames.” As other attendees noticed the fire, a “National Geographic animal stampede” began, she continued. Russo’s last memory of that night is of Crisostomi putting his hand on the back of her head and pushing her forward. Russo, who experienced thirdand fourth-degree burns on 40 percent of her body, barely survived the fire. After spending 11 weeks in a medically induced coma, she awoke to discover her fiance had died. “It took a lot of people to talk me out of survivor’s guilt,” she said. “I really didn’t know if I wanted to be around. I wanted Fred back in my life.” But with the help of her family, Russo was able to make something positive out of her experience. She has since resumed working at Rhode Island Hospital and gotten married. Russo self-published a memoir continued on page 5

writes on music and holidays. Berendes said his favorite section is the “jump-off ” — a front-page article that sets the tone for each issue. There are other regular features, such as Mothers Good Word, a sort of word of the month. This month’s word is “chthonic,” an adjective for things of an underworldly nature. “If you need a semi-public password for any reason, and you need it to expire in a month, please use Mothers Good Word,” entreats October’s issue. Berendes also challenges his readers to “Find the Batman!!!!!!” hidden somewhere in the advertisements of each paper. Find it and you will get a free pin, he promises. The paper’s center spread is always a surprise. Berendes said he sees the centerfold as a “confusing moment” where either he or an artist inserts a large graphic image that could potentially be used as a poster. In a paper weighted down with dense text and lots of small, intricate images, the sudden blank space of the centerfold is jolting. September’s issue contained the giant phrase, “EXECUTIVE REALNESS” spread out over two pages. October’s featured a large praying mantis. Another unique aspect of the paper is the shoutouts section. By logging on to the paper’s website, readers can pay $3 to give their friends a shoutout. “It’s a way to interact with

the newspaper,” Berendes said. “Shoutout to drunkiko from Fern Gully” and “Davey sez Hi Monica & Tony :)” are examples from September’s issue. Shoutouts are entirely written by readers, with the sole requirement that they all be positive statements. “This is pure buddy-ship,” Berendes explained. Origin of the species

Mothers News can be found in several Thayer Street locations, including Rockstar Body Piercing and Shades Plus, and as far away as California, Texas and Japan, according to Berendes. But its origins hark back to a junk shop in Worcester, Mass., owned by Berendes before the days of Mothers News. Berendes called the shop HBML, initially short for Happy Birthday, Mike Leslie, a tribute to a friend of his. He later changed it to the backronym Hermes Barnum Monkey Legba, “which was sort of more what it was about anyway,” Berendes wrote in an email to The Herald. When business began to slow, Berendes created a one-page advertisement modeled after the national weekly restaurant publication Coffee News to stir up interest. After the junk shop officially shut its doors, Berendes began to toy with the idea of starting up a publication. “I was looking for something to pour my energy into,” he said. “And, to make money.” The paper he created is a quirky testament to the fact that, according to Berendes, “Business sometimes operates in the exact opposite of what you think.” Your ad here

Ads, all original creations by Berendes unless specified by the buyer, are unique, strange blips decorating the edges of the paper. “People like (the paper) and want to be a part of it,” Berendes said. “It’s

really cheap and it works.” Mothers News ads cost $15 per vertical inch. Ad designs range from simple, etched cartoons to intricate drawings, interspersed with photographs and ironic witticisms. There are a plethora of tattoo parlors, record stores and coffee shops among the advertisers, but there are also musicians, headhunters and a bookstore in Texas. Some advertisers are wary of handing over complete control to Berendes, he said, but he often finds they end up trusting him. “If the ad is (expletive) up, more people will like it,” he said. “So now I do whatever I want.” Berendes’ style has paid off — “by the second issue, (Mothers News) had paid for itself,” he said. “By the fifth, it was paying my bills.” November’s issue will be the 19th. But Berendes said he does not want to sell the newspaper for profit, choosing instead to rely on funding from ads and merchandise, which he sells on his website and at several stores in Providence. “I wanted it to be as free as possible,” he said. Monstrously real

Berendes emphasized that Mothers News, despite its far-reaching readership, is a local paper in multiple senses of the word. The paper is printed in Rhode Island and primarily features local content, yes, but it also captures a funky and slightly off-kilter spirit found in Providence and serves a community of people who relate to that spirit, he said. Funky it may be, but fake it is not. “A distressing amount of people thought it was a joke.” Berendes said. “Everything is real.” This month’s issue, an ode to Halloween, is “truly monstrous,” Berendes said. “It is not for humanity,” but rather the ghouls and goblins of Halloween lore. “The newspaper really creates a world.”

City & State 5

The Brown Daily Herald Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Alums create ecofriendly label By Adam Toobin Staff Writer

Take note, budding entrepreneurs: Providence is open for business. NuLabel, a Providence startup company founded by three Brown graduates in 2009, sells a new, environmentally friendly label that does not require a liner — the nonrecyclable, non-stick backing on most labels. A typical label has a backing that must be removed and thrown away before the label can be attached. The founders of NuLabel want to make this backing — ­­ a staple of the $26 billion pressure-sensitive tape industry — a thing of the past. The company’s founders came up with the idea in their final engineering class and eventually decided to locate their business in the city’s booming Knowledge District. “Don’t go to Wall Street to start a business,” advised Max Winograd ’09, one of the NuLabel’s founders. “Stay in Providence.” Founders Ben Lux ’09, Michael Woods ’09 and Winograd gave up other job opportunities to pursue this venture. Since none of them have mortgages or kids to worry about, Winograd said it was easier for them to take the risk. The founders met in ENGN 1930: “Entrepreneurship I and II,” a yearlong capstone course where Steven Petteruti, adjunct lecturer in engineering, and Eric Suuberg, professor of engineering, asked them to develop a startup company and set the challenge of developing a label that did not need a backing. The three spent the rest of the course working on a model for their product. They applied and were accepted to Betaspring, a Providence program that gives entrepreneurs the opportunity to turn their ideas into prototypes, as well as providing them with guidance and mentorship in return for a stake in their new company. The 12-week program also connected them to their first investor, a crucial first step since “nobody wants to jump off the cliff first,” Winograd said. This first investor provided them

with the funding to test their prototype, a necessary step to secure more funding. Investors want proof that a product works before they risk their money, but it requires money to test the product, Winograd said. With investors supplying capital, the founders filed for a patent. Major corporations are slated to use the label in field trials early next year. The founders hope this exposure to large corporations that use billions of labels a year will give the company a foothold in the market, Winograd said. It will also make NuLabel’s product more attractive to smaller businesses that look to larger ones for innovative ideas. NuLabel’s early success and growth prospects make it the “poster child of entrepreneurship” in Providence, said Judy Chong, managing director of marketing and communications at the Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation. NuLabel currently has 11 employees, but a state program will make it possible for them to expand. This year the development corporation began a program to guarantee loans from private lenders to make it easier for promising businesses to access capital. With a $1.5 million loan from the Bank of Rhode Island that is guaranteed by the state, NuLabel plans to add 39 new employees to its payroll. The Knowledge District’s growing business community provides support and camaraderie for budding entrepreneurs, Winograd said. Business leaders gather once each month for “Geek Dinners,” where they go to AS220 Labs for dinner, beer and a business presentation by a local technology company. The Knowledge District is turning into a “new Silicon Valley,” Winograd said. Providence is a great place for talented people, Winograd said, noting that NuLabel has recruited employees from around the country. The city is also home to successful business leaders who are looking for an opportunity to give back by mentoring — and funding — a new generation. One of NuLabel’s first investors is a Brown alum.

Burn survivor inspires, aims to provide support continued from page 4 in 2010 titled, “From the Ashes: Surviving the Station Nightclub Fire.” She called the process “incredibly therapeutic,” adding that the book has “done more than I ever thought it would do.” Russo, who also works as a counselor for burn survivors at the Phoenix Society for Burn Survivors, called it her mission to start support groups for fellow burn survivors to fill what she perceives as a void in the hospital community. Russo said she plans to lobby before Congress for indoor sprinklers and vowed to take the crowd management program that Rhode

Central Falls High ups AP offerings By Elizabeth carr Senior Staff Writer

After being identified as one of the nation’s worst-performing schools last year, Central Falls High School launched an initiative this year to drastically increase the number of Advanced Placement course offerings as part of a three-year transformation process. The school added four more AP courses this year: biology, environmental science, calculus and studio art. Eight percent of the school’s students are proficient in math and 44 percent are proficient in reading, according to last year’s New England Common Assessment Program results. Despite these statistics, Deputy School Superintendent Victor Capellan said Central Falls students are ready for the increased rigor of AP classes. “We’re giving students the challenge they wanted,” he said, noting that both students and teachers advocated for more AP classes. “Our students are jumping into it with gusto.” The AP course enrollment rate in Central Falls is now 18 percent, double the statewide level, he said. “Part of the transformation effort we’ve been going through in

the past year and a half is showing the level of rigor our students can complete,” Capellan added. “Usually when you challenge students at this level, you may have an exodus in some cases,” said Joshua Laplante, one of the school’s principals. “What we’ve experienced is the opposite, where students want to come in.” To support the expanding AP course offerings, the school is arranging a pre-AP program to prepare students in sixth through ninth grades to take more rigorous classes. “They’re planning, they’re strategizing, they’re already looking into what courses they can take,” Laplante said. “Like any other child, they’re going to rise to the occasion.” Capellan also said he hopes the increased rigor will improve the school’s current graduation rate of 52 percent. The school will benefit from a $75,000 grant the state received to train teachers for AP course instruction. The grant, funded by the William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust, specifically targets the state’s lowest-achieving high schools, including four in Providence and two in Pawtucket. “The goal of the program is to

utilize AP to help drive reform in these high schools and better serve the students who attend them, preparing these students for college or careers upon graduation,” wrote Richard Krasno, executive director of the trust, according to a press release by the state Department of Education. “Many kids are disappointed in school not because they have to do too much, but because they aren’t challenged enough,” said Elliot Krieger, executive assistant for communications for the education department. But AP courses are not the only way to challenge students and prepare them for college, Krieger added. While only seven students from Smithfield Senior High School took AP tests last year, according to InfoWorks, a Rhode Island education data initiative, the school focuses more on early enrollment programs that offer students course credit at state colleges. Other districts focus more on honors programs, he said. One of the biggest benefits of the AP program is that “it clearly is a bridge to college,” Krieger said. But, he added, “Getting a 3 or better is not the only goal. Even if a student doesn’t earn the college credit, it still benefits them.”

Forefront of rap thrills crowd at Lupos continued from page 1 made it — his album “Cole World: The Sideline Story” debuted at number one on U.S. record sale charts — he seemed a man at peace with the world, genuinely grateful for the adulation, trying to soak up the moment. Cole opened the concert with his verse from Kanye West’s “Looking for Trouble,” and from there he moved into a mix of material from his new album and his latest mixtape, “Friday Night Lights,” with some verses from his guest spots sprinkled throughout. The crowd went particularly wild during “Work Out” and “In the Morning,” as well as “Rise and Shine,”

one of the gems off his new album. DJ Dummy retired onto a drumset flanked by two keyboardists, who noodled around between songs as Cole waxed poetic about leaving his North Carolina home to attend college in New York City and chase his dreams. Cole seemed to genuinely enjoy himself onstage, an enormous boon for an artist of this charisma-demanding genre. He fed off the crowd’s energy, and the crowd, in turn, fed off his. He worked hard, chatted between songs, joked and gave individual shout-outs to members of the audience to send us home smiling. Moreover, the audience could hear and understand Cole’s words, so

punch lines were given their due, new songs were appreciated and lyricism shined alongside rhythm. With songs touching on serious topics — aside from the usual haters, doubters and braggadocio, Cole crooned to ex-lovers, argued from the position of an abandoned pregnant girlfriend and tried to wake the world up — this clarity was crucial. All in all, Cole absolutely rocked the house. This reporter enjoyed himself immensely. As Cole himself said, “Cole under pressure, what that make? Diamonds.”

comics Fraternity of Evil | Eshan Mitra, Brendan Hainline and Hector Ramirez

Island implemented after the fire occurred “to a higher level.” As a result of her work with state officials in past years, bouncers now have to be certified to work at a club. Audience members listened in horror to Russo’s story, frequently asking questions about her emo- Logic Puzzles | Aiden Schore tional recovery. “I find what she’s doing incredibly inspirational,” said Visiting Professor of English Tracy Breton, who teaches the class and interviewed Russo for the Providence Journal during its original coverage of the fire. “I’m in awe,” said Chelsea Cross ’14 of Russo. “She seems happier than I am.”

6 Editorial & Letter Editorial

The Brown Daily Herald Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Editorial cartoon

by lo r e n f u lto n

Finally ending the overnight parking ban Earlier this month, Mayor Angel Taveras unveiled a plan to do away with the city’s overnight street parking ban. Under the proposal, the city government would offer $100 year-long permits to allow citizens to park their vehicles overnight. The ban currently forbids residents from keeping their cars on the street between the hours of 2 a.m. and 5 a.m. Providence residents would certainly benefit from this development. Because of the ban, Brown students with cars have often been compelled to purchase expensive off-campus parking spaces that are far away from their dormitories. This proposal will also provide considerable revenue for the cash-strapped city. Taveras estimated that the plan would bring in about $1 million almost exclusively through selling the permits. The proposal would also decrease the number of parking tickets and fines. Critics argue that the cars will obstruct the streets, making it more difficult for law enforcement and emergency vehicles to navigate the roads overnight. But emergency vehicles do just fine driving through the streets during the day, when it is difficult to find a parking spot and the roads are far more congested with drivers. The permit cost could also scare enough people away that the roads will not be clogged. We believe that the proposal could be slightly improved. We would advocate for a policy that allows individuals to park their vehicles on a per-month basis. Paying full cost for an annual policy can be wasteful for students, given that many spend the long winter break and summer months away from Providence. Allowing individuals to pay on a per-month basis would remedy the current plan that assumes long-term residency. The Herald reported that city officials are not entirely sure of the reason for the ban, which is nearly 100 years old, and “few records exist” that attempt to explain the city law. It is distressing that over the past several decades few have thoughtfully examined and critiqued the ban. Civic vigilance and intellectual scrutiny are necessary qualities for flourishing universities and cities, and it is imperative that members of the University community continue to scrutinize local, state and national laws as well as University regulations. We hope the city will move forward to implement Taveras’ plan — it will raise money for the city and make life a bit easier for Providence residents. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to

le tter to the editor Transgender inclusivity starts at home To the Editor: In response to an article in Monday’s Herald (“Gender-neutral housing gains traction,” Oct. 24), I would like to note that as a queer prospective student, I looked for first-year gender-neutral housing as an indicator of how welcoming of LGBTQ students schools would be. I am not transgender, but gender-neutral housing mattered and still matters to me as a statement about how inclusive Brown really is. We have been leaders in inclusive housing policy, and other universities

around the country follow our example. A few days ago, President Ruth Simmons closed her letter on the Reserve Officers’ Training Corp issue by saying, “We should commit to helping to arouse greater national attention to the discrimination of the military and others against transgender individuals.” This starts at home. As we have seen with regard to ROTC, actions speak louder than words. Genderneutral housing is the next step. Elizabeth Duthinh ’12

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“If money is speech, Occupation should be speech, too.” — Wendy Holmes, East Side resident

See occupy on page 1.

Corrections An article in Friday’s Herald (“Comedic communists comment on commodity,” Oct. 21) incorrectly stated that Nathaniel Shapiro ’12 dedicated “Commodity Fetishism: A Communist Commodity” to his grandfather, a communist blacklisted in the 1940s. In fact, Shapiro dedicated the play to his great-grandfather who was blacklisted in the 1950s. The Herald regrets the error. Due to an editing error, an article in Monday’s Herald (“Classic rock: Festival honors Liszt,” Oct. 24) incorrectly referred to Assistant Professor of Music Dana Gooley as “she.” In fact, Gooley is male. The Herald regrets the error. An article in Monday’s Herald (“Defense, QB lead Bears over Big Red,” Oct. 24) incorrectly stated that Kyle Newhall-Caballero’s ’11.5 43 yards rushing in Saturday’s football game was a career high. In fact, his career high is 50 yards rushing, which came against Harvard in 2009. The Herald regrets the error. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial page board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.

Opinions 7

The Brown Daily Herald Tuesday, October 25, 2011

A case for community investment By Ian Trupin Opinions Columnist Judging by the looks in people’s eyes, I was far from the only one impressed by both the level of public interest and the coordination evident at the Oct. 12 Occupy Teach-In. I was particularly happy to see the number of non-student residents among the hundreds who packed Salomon 101. But my excitement quickly became reserve during the first part of the program. This segment — which was led by Mark Blyth, professor of political science, and Ross Levine, professor of economics — taught me the most about some of the biggest pitfalls of an institution like Brown trying to engage in the dialogue around the Occupy movement. The two men, who are both more progressive representatives of their fields, used little academic jargon. Nevertheless, I felt the space of the teachin was being used to allow something that happens far too often in our society: the empowerment of a star set of technocrats to define the terms of a dialogue when ideally, all members of society should feel empowered to speak their truth. How else could it be that the entire room listened with rapt attention as Levine advised more regulation, as if the problem of the moment was only to ensure that the financial industry does not run into such problems again? How else could it be that

there was no discussion of the stripping of wealth from communities — including many in Providence — that occurred and continues to occur in the aftermath of the subprime lending crash? How else could it be that the lack of restorative justice — not just for defrauded investors, but for the low-income people and people of color who were aggressively steered into predatory loans that became toxic assets — went completely unmentioned? It would be unfair for me to solely blame the professors for these silences, as the multiple-hour event offered many oth-

mortgages once did, in addition to the fact that unlike mortgages, unsustainable student debts are almost impossible to discharge through bankruptcy. I think we at Brown should talk more about some of these details, not because it is fun to wallow in the depression that they might induce, but because doing so could lead to a productive analysis of how we relate to it all. To include Brown’s place in this analysis, it makes sense to talk about our endowment. Our endowment is invested in a lot of different ways about which most of us

Because our investment managers cannot invest this money in hedge funds that trade mortgage-backed securities, it might as well be invested in our community. er opportunities to discuss, for example, how the economic downturn saw an average of 16 percent of the wealth of white families disappear, compared to 66 percent of the wealth of Latino families. Or how Wells Fargo Bank pushed black families into subprime loans even when they may have qualified for prime loans. Or how investment banks like Goldman Sachs created the tools that made it more profitable for the lenders to push subprime loans than safer, prime ones. Or even how many of these same institutions are now speculating in student debt, which bears many of the same attractive features that subprime

know nothing. That this is a problem from human rights, social and environmental justice perspectives has been pointed out by many people, and I agree that something ought to be done about it. For example, one thing is clear: Because Brown has to pay out a small amount of its endowment to help cover its operating budget and to be able to deal with emergencies, a portion of our financial resources has to exist in forms that are easy to access and spend as needed. As of June 30, this portion amounted to 1 percent of our endowment, which does not seem like much until you realize that it is 1 percent of about $2.5

billion, or $25 million. Because our investment managers cannot invest this money in hedge funds that trade mortgage-backed securities, it might as well be invested in our community. Community Development Financial Institutions are a special class of financial institutions that are recognized by the government as having the primary mission of promoting community development. They include community development banks, certain venture funds and credit unions. Where many mainstream mortgage lenders and banks ensnared people in hidden fees and robo-signed away neighborhoods, these institutions have given people access to credit on reasonable terms and depository accounts that do not gouge for minimum balance fees and the like. Many have had success in the neighborhoods that were supposedly the greatest credit risks, and which have been abandoned by the banks. If Brown deposited money in these institutions, it would increase the financial resources that these institutions can lend to small businesses and elsewhere in the community. It would not be charity, as these institutions generate competitive rates of return on investment. It would indicate an incremental change in Brown’s relationship with the rest of Providence. Ian Trupin ’13 is studying COE/Organizational Studies and wants everyone to know that Nov. 5 is National Move Your Money Day. Go credit unions!

Keystone XL and activism at Brown By Kyle Wemple and Elizabeth MacDougal Guest Columnists Here at Brown, students are immersed in an activist culture. Every day — even multiple times a day — we are hounded with requests like “Come fight for the rights of Palestinians!” or “Take one minute to call your Senator!” It can be a bit overwhelming to have the burden of all these great injustices plopped upon your shoulders as a lowly undergraduate. Are we expected to join every human rights group that crosses our path? Go to every rally that hopes to generate awareness and outrage over social injustice? Camp out at Burnside Park for weeks of Occupy protests? How much can one 20-year-old student at a college in Providence do to halt the construction of the world’s biggest ticking carbon bomb, which is beginning 2,700 miles away? Is there really a way to make a difference? Yes, there is, but first you need to focus on one issue. Spreading yourself too thin is frequently a fatal error. Once you have chosen your topic, you need to properly educate yourself on multiple sides of the argument. Do your best to rely on objective sources, as you do not want others’ beliefs to complicate the facts. In the case of the carbon bomb, here are the facts: A 1,702-mile long pipeline dubbed “Keystone XL” has been proposed to carry tar sands, an impure form of crude oil, from Alberta, Canada, to Texas. Tar sands produce three times the greenhouse gas emissions as traditional crude oil during the refining pro-

cess. President Obama has the final authority to approve or reject the pipeline’s construction and will make his decision by this December. Whatever your cause happens to be, make sure you are firm in your stance before acting on it. You do not want to find yourself getting arrested for a cause you half-heartedly believe in — not that we advocate getting arrested. Once you know what you are talking about, start talking about it. At a place like Brown, others are usually willing to hear more about topics to which they have had little exposure, especially topics concerning en-

their knowledge is factual. Most importantly, educating one individual can have a snowball effect. He or she will share this knowledge with others, who will do research, adopt stances and share knowledge with still others — and the process will repeat itself. So simply talking to your friends about your cause is a great step toward making a difference. If you have more time to spare, you may consider joining an organization that supports your cause. These organizations can help you get more directly involved by contacting legislators or organizing protests. For instance, the Rhode Island Student Climate Coalition is currently concerning it-

We should, for example, be clear that Keystone XL is not guaranteed to leak. But it is simply a fact that a shorter pipeline made of the same steel by the same company has leaked 12 times in the past year, with the largest leak spilling 21,000 gallons. vironmental impact. But you should do your best not to skew the facts. We should, for example, be clear that Keystone XL is not guaranteed to leak. But it is simply a fact that a shorter pipeline made of the same steel by the same company has leaked 12 times in the past year, with the largest leak spilling 21,000 gallons. Encourage others to do their own research as well because they will become more dedicated to resolving an issue if they are sure

self with taking part in anti-Keystone XL actions. There will be a teach-in tonight to educate those curious about Keystone XL at 5 p.m. in Wilson 102. There is also a table set up on the Main Green through Wednesday with more information on how to get involved. Organizations are also a great forum for discussing conflicting points of view. Consider these two topics of debate. First, Valero, the oil company that will lay claim to a large

portion of the tar sands shipped through Keystone XL, claims that the United States’ use of this energy source will greatly reduce its dependence on unstable Middle Eastern countries. But Valero refines its oil tax-free on an offshore rig outside of U.S. jurisdiction and has a history of shipping its product to Latin America and Europe. The second point of contention is the number and quality of jobs the project would create. Some sources claim that as many as 100,000 jobs would be created, including 20,000 permanent highpaying positions. Others say the number is in the low thousands and the vast majority will be temporary and low-paying. As you can see, some facts are not as clearcut as others, and discussing them with a group can help you tackle complicated matters. Even if you cannot dedicate yourself completely to an organization, participating in an event like those mentioned above can help you become oriented in your own viewpoints. The process of educating yourself is inherently important. It brings you to a point where you can be confident in your beliefs and decisions so you know you are making a positive impact on the world. So to summarize, you do not have to camp out in Burnside Park to make a difference. And no, you do not have to bear the weight of the world’s problems. You just have to pick an issue, get educated and go from there. Kyle Wemple ’14 and Elizabeth MacDougal ’15 are trying to change the world. They can be reached at and

Daily Herald Sports Tuesday the Brown

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Bruno picks up crucial Bears look to build off West Coast trip Ivy League win in Ithaca By hak rim kim Contributing Writer

By Sam Wickham Sports Staff Writer

The women’s soccer team kept its hopes of winning an Ivy League title alive this weekend by beating Cornell 2-1 in Ithaca Sunday. Two first-half goals from forward Eliza Marshall ’13 and defender Diana Ohrt ’13 gave Bruno (10-4-1, 3-2 Ivy) a crucial early advantage, and strong goalkeeping from MC Barrett ’14 kept the Big Red (2-11-1, 0-4-1) from mounting a comeback. The Bears must now win the rest of their games to have a chance at grabbing first place. “It was a big win,” said Head Coach Phil Pincince. “It keeps us in the race going into our sixth Ivy championship game. We’re not in the driver’s seat, and we need to wait for things to happen, but at least we did our part this weekend.” “I thought we came out with great energy to match the amount of energy and emotion that Cornell had,” Ohrt said. “For us to score early, that was a big thing.” Bruno opened the scoring in the first 10 minutes of play. Barrett picked up a loose ball in the box and distributed it to right back Gloria Chun ’12, who drove up the line and sent an early cross into the box. Marshall timed her run to meet the ball at the near post, touching it around the goalie and volleying it into the open net. The goal was Marshall’s team-leading sixth of the year and her fourth goal in the past four games. But Cornell looked dangerous and appeared to tie the game 20 minutes later. A strike from outside the box took a deflection off a Big Red player and rolled into the net. But the goal was disallowed because of an offside call.

The Bears added to their lead two minutes later, this time from Ohrt. A Big Red defender headed a corner kick out of the box, only to see her clearance fall to the feet of Ohrt. The Bears’ center back struck the ball powerfully inside the right post from 20 yards out to give Brown the 2-0 lead going into halftime. Cornell nearly got on the score sheet just four minutes into the second half. A Big Red player was dragged down in the box, but Barrett punched away the ensuing penalty kick to keep the two-goal advantage. Barrett was finally beaten in the 70th minute when Cornell’s Kerry Schubert put home a rebound from inches out. Barrett deflected the initial shot off the post, but Schubert was first to the loose ball, bringing the score to 2-1. Despite out-shooting the Bears 7-5 in the second half and earning four corner kicks, the Big Red could not find a tying goal. The Bears walked off the field with their 10th win of the year, already three more than the team’s win total last season. “To win 10 games this year is a great achievement,” Pincince said. “We haven’t had a team win 10 games since 2003.” Bruno moves on to play another crucial Ivy League match Saturday against Penn at Stevenson Field in the final home game of the season. The Bears must continue to win in order move ahead of first-place Harvard and second-place Penn. “I think being at home will be a nice change,” Ohrt said. “Hopefully we can get a lot of support and energy from being at home in a familiar environment to finish the season strong.”

The men’s water polo team returned from Santa Clara, Calif., this weekend with a losing record after the Rodeo Invitational. But despite going 2-3 on the weekend, the team flew back with a positive attitude. “It was great to play some of the best players in the country,” said Cyrus Mojdehi ’12. “It serves as great preparation going into our postseason push and Ivy League tournament.” “As a team, we worked together and continue to grow closer,” said captain Toby Espinosa ’12. The squad lost 18-5 to No. 3 Stanford, 9-4 to No. 18 California Baptist University and 11-2 to No. 12 University of California at Davis. But Bruno registered victories against ranked opponents No. 18 Air Force 12-10 and No. 15 Santa Clara 10-4. “We really meshed as a team with two big wins over Santa Clara and Air Force,” wrote James McNamara ’14 in an email to The Herald. “Those wins and our subsequent losses to California Baptist, Stanford and UC Davis were crucial team building games.” For their first match, the Bears faced Santa Clara the same day their flight landed. They got off to a strong start with a 3-0 first quarter and went into the half with a 6-2 lead. Bruno built on the lead and added three more goals in the third. In the final quarter, Brown conceded two goals to the Broncos while adding one more to give them a 10-4 win. “Beating No. 15 Santa Clara in front of their home crowd under the lights Friday night was the highlight of the weekend,” Mojdehi said. In the next game, Brown took on Cal Baptist and was able to keep the game close with a score of 5-4 at the half. But the Bears were not able to penetrate the Lancers’ defense and

Emily Gilbert / Herald

The men’s water polo team went 2-3 at the Rodeo Invitational this weekend.

were shut out in the second half for a 9-4 loss. Center Svetozar Stefanovic ’13 spearheaded the attack with two goals, and McNamara tallied six steals to lead the team defensively. The Bears responded strongly in their next game against Air Force and came up with a 12-10 victory. After the first quarter ended with the teams knotted at three, Brown inched ahead in the middle quarters and protected its two-goal lead in the fourth quarter. McNamara was stellar that night, finishing with four goals, six steals and two assists. On the final day of the invitational, the Bears faced highly ranked Stanford and UC Davis. The Bears were unable to keep up with the Cardinals, falling behind 9-1 by halftime. The Bears attempted to mount a comeback by tying the third quarter 3-3, but they were unable to keep up the momentum and were outscored 5-1 in the final quarter for a 18-5 loss. Stefanovic tried to keep the team afloat by scoring three goals, while

goalkeeper Walker Shockley ’14 tallied 10 saves. For the final game, Brown failed to penetrate UC Davis’ defense after the second quarter. The team was able to keep close, down only 4-2 after the first half, but fell apart in the second half and ended up losing 11-2. First-years Nick Deaver ’15 and Henry Fox ’15 scored the squad’s two lone goals. After a tough weekend playing against ranked teams, Espinosa said the team is looking forward to further developing its game. “There are truly special moments in the pool when everything just clicks,” Espinosa said. “Our goal is to make the frequency of these moments increase. I am incredibly proud of the team at this point in the season, but we still have work to do.” The team now looks ahead to the final stages of its schedule, including the Ivy League, Northern and Eastern championships. “We fought hard and are ready to take down the East Coast,” McNamara wrote.

With high hopes, Bears look ahead after slippery season continued from page 1 first career goal against the Ottawa Senators in his NHL debut Oct. 18. Last year, Zolnierczyk led the team in points and was the Ivy League Player of the Year. But despite this loss, nine firstyears have joined the team and are all expected to be “impact guys,” Whittet said. “We welcome in a deep and talented class of freshmen,” Whittet said. “They have to earn playing time, but they’re really good hockey players.” In Sunday’s scrimmage against the University of Waterloo, Massimo Lamacchia ’15 assisted on both of Brown’s goals in the 2-0 victory. The team also welcomed Harvard to Meehan Auditorium Saturday night and beat the Crimson 3-2 in an informal scrimmage. “We were a much more polished team on Sunday,” Whittet said. The players “were more energized, and it wasn’t as sloppy.” With these two victories over the weekend, the team will now

gear up for its opening game of the season at Dartmouth Oct. 28 at the Ivy Shootout. Every game of the season will be important, and the road to a championship must be taken in incremental steps, Whittet said. “Our goal is to represent Brown University to the best of our ability every time we step on the ice,” Whittet said. “When we put on the jersey, we play with a lot of pride and energy.” Farnham said the team has greater depth than he has seen before. He also stressed the importance of every line. “The guys we expect to score goals and the guys we expect to give us energy on the fourth line are just as important,” Farnham said. One of the smaller goals of the season is to win all of the home games at Meehan, Whittet said. Last season, the team dropped six of its 12 home matchups. Whittet said he hopes to see the Brown student body rally behind the team and help make Meehan the “toughest” venue on the East

Jesse Schwimmer / Herald

Captain Jack Maclellan ‘12 will play a critical part in the Bears’ offense this season.

coast. “I want students to come to the games,” Whittet said. “I know

they’ll leave happy and excited about the sport of hockey and how good our guys are.”

“I want people to make sure they’re in the stands,” Whittet continued. “It’s going to be a fun ride.”

Tuesday, October 25, 2011  

The October 25, 2011 issue of the Brown Daily Herald

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