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Herald

the Brown

Monday, March 14, 2011

vol. cxlvi, no. 32

Students, prof safe in Japan

Since 1891

Transfer class to grow by 50

I m m i g r at i o n s a lu tat i o n

By Nicole Boucher News Editor

By Katherine Long Staff Writer

A professor and three students studying abroad in Kyoto, Japan, are safe after an 8.9 magnitude earthquake Friday triggered a tsunami that hit Japan’s northeastern coast. While the students studying abroad were more than 450 miles from the epicenter, 18 current undergraduates list Japan as their home residence, according to a March 11 University press release. Most of their relatives live near Tokyo, which was moderately affected by the earthquake, but several undergrads also have non-immediate family members who live in the devastated Tohoku region, said Rie Yamamoto ’11, co-president of the Japanese Cultural Association. Yamamoto said the cultural association contacted its members this weekend, and most students have been able to reach family members who said they were safe and unaffected by the earthquake. “Tokyo is for the most part up and running already, so our family members are fine, but what other Japanese citizens are going through right now is beyond our imagination,” Yamamoto wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. continued on page 5

bered as “one of the most talented football classes to ever graduate from Brown,” four former Bear standouts — Sewall, James Develin ’10, David Howard ’09.5 and Buddy Farnham ’10 — are all getting shots in the big leagues. “Making that team was the best moment of my life,” said Develin, a member of the Cincinnati Bengals’ practice squad. “It was pouring down rain, I was sleepy, tired and sore, but I’ve never felt better.” “It really was a great feeling,” said Sewall, a practice squad wide receiver on the Tennessee Titans. “I was honestly just excited to get a call and show them what I could do.” But their transitions to the NFL have been far from smooth. After signing with the Titans, Sewall, a former first team All-Ivy receiver, was released by the club during final cuts before the season began. Since then, he has been working out with several teams,

Herald file photo

The Corporation approved an increase of about 50 to the number of admitted transfer students for the 2011-12 school year at its Feb. 12 meeting. The increase is designed to stabilize the number of enrolled undergraduates at 6,000 without sapping any first-year-specific resources, according to Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98. Those resources include firstyear dormitories, space in first-year seminars and first-year advisers. The number of admitted first-years will increase slightly from 1,485 to 1,500, according to a Feb. 25 Herald article. Kertzer said the prospect of additional revenue was a deciding factor in the University’s decision to increase the number of transfer students. Transfer students are admitted need-aware, not needblind, so increasing the number of transfer students could increase the University’s revenue from tuition, he said. While tuition will rise 3.5 percent to $53,136, the total revenue from undergraduate tuition is expected to increase 4.8 percent next year — from $235,376,000 to $246,576,000 — according to the annual budget report of the University Resources Committee. Other financial aid restrictions mean that increasing the number of transfer students is cost-effective for the University. Transfer students who request financial aid are automatically placed in the highest loan bracket regardless of their parents’ income levels, meaning they get fewer scholarships and more loans, according to a Sept. 25, 2007, Herald article. If they do not apply for financial aid in their first year at the University, they are not eligible to apply in subsequent years. “The University has a set amount of financial aid dollars available for transfer students. If admissions officers admit students whose financial situation requires them to use up all that aid before deciding on all the transfer students they want to admit, then they can only admit transfer students who have no demonstrated need,” Kertzer said. Last spring, the Office of Admission planned to increase this year’s transfer class by 50 students, but administrators decided not to do so when fewer students studied abroad

continued on page 7

Buddy Farnham ’10, the 2010 Ivy League player of the year, is on the practice squad of the New England Patriots, the team he has rooted for since childhood.

continued on page 2

Anna Gaissert / Herald

President Simmons welcomed participants Saturday morning to a symposium on immigration, five days after the Taubman Center for Public Policy and American Institutions released a poll on immigration issues. See full coverage on page 3.

Hitchner ’10 survived by network of friends By Jake Comer Senior Staff Writer

Jason Hitchner ’10 died in his sleep late Wednesday. An advocate for social causes during his time at Brown, Hitchner was described by those who knew him as a friendly and passionate young man. Hitchner’s friends and family celebrated his remarkable ability to look at the world from diverse and profound perspectives. They remembered his creativity, his intellect and his wonderful sense of humor. They admired his openness to the world and his courage and confidence in exploring it. They treasured his gift of making those

around him feel comfortable and appreciated and the habit he had of bringing the people he loved closer together. Hitchner’s friends alluded frequently to his extraordinary friendliness. He never had trouble making friends, they said, no matter where he was or what he was doing there. “I don’t think there was ever anyone that ever had any problems with him,” said Gregory Anderson ’10, who lived with Hitchner on Keeney Quadrangle during their first year. This friendliness took Hitchner far — he spent the first semester of his junior year abroad in Melbourne and decided to stay

second semester as well. He spent three months after graduation touring Europe and visiting the friends he had made in Australia. Hitchner participated in Brown’s chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union, Students for a Democratic Society and Students for Sensible Drug Policy. “He was very committed to progressive social issues,” Anderson said. “He was a very excited person” no matter what he was doing, he added. “He would make pop culture sound really intelligent when we would watch Lady Gaga videos,” continued on page 3

By Azar Kheraj Contributing Writer

It’s fourth-and-goal. You’re down by five with just 10 seconds left on the clock. Eleven enormous and entirely imaginary men stand between you and the freshly raked pile of leaves signifying your makeshift end zone. Super Bowl glory is yours for the taking.

Sports

inside

It is a childhood dream common in this football-crazed country. From city streets to suburban backyards, rural farms to vacated lots, children dream of one day donning an NFL uniform. Most never get the chance — they are too clumsy, too small or too slow to make the leap from backyard believer to weekend warrior. But for four members of Brown’s 2010 team, the dream hasn’t died. As members of what Bobby Sewall ’10 hopes will be remem-

news...................2-5 Arts........................6 editorial.............10 Opinions.............11 SPORTS..................12

FYS-zle

Go unhemmed

Saving Sarah

Surge in first-year seminars fizzles at 74

Student-run magazine lets fashionistas shine

Brown students play into Palin’s hands

Campus news, 3

arts & CULTURE, 6

opinions, 11

weather

Four alums fight their way onto NFL practice squads

t o d ay

tomorrow

43 / 19

48 / 34


2 Campus News calendar Today

March 14

7 P.m.

ToMORROW

March 15

7:30 p.m.

“Suite Dating!” Roommate Social,

Sex-Ed Kink Romantic Comedy,

Petteruti Lounge

Rights and Reason Theatre

8 p.m.

8 p.m.

Sex and Chocolate in the Dark,

ADOCH Volunteering Info Session,

South Wayland Lounge

Wilson Hall, Room 102

menu SHARPE REFECTORY

VERNEy-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH

Chicken Fajitas, Gnocchi alla Sorrentina, Italian Vegetable Saute, Vegan Moroccan Beans

Chicken Cutlet Sandwich, Spinach and Rice Bake, Green Beans with Tomatoes

DINNER Vegetable Strudel with Cream Sauce, Broccoli Rabe, Chicken and Pasta Medley, Baked Potato

Country Style Ham, Vegan Roasted Vegetable Stew, Garlic Bread, Cream Cheese Brownies

Sudoku

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Financial aid remains Committee constant for transfers formed to continued from page 1 and more students returned from leave than expected, according to Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron. “There were more students on campus … than we had predicted,” Bergeron wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “The budget is modeled on the number of on-campus students.” Between 2003 and 2005, the University did not offer any financial aid to transfer students, citing its implementation in 2003 of a need-blind admissions process for incoming first years as too expensive to continue offering aid to transfers, according to a September

First-year seminar offerings fall one short of U.’s goal By Elaine Kuckertz Contributing Writer

Crossword

2004 Herald article. But in 2005, the Corporation earmarked $400,000 for financial aid for transfer and resumed undergraduate education students. Those funds were designed to support incoming transfers as they moved through the University for two to three years, supplemented by further increases over the long term, then-Provost Robert Zimmer said in a March 2005 Herald article. The financial aid budget for transfer students will remain the same as last year, according to James Tilton, director of financial aid. Tilton did not return a request for comment on how the increased number of transfer students could affect their financial aid packages.

The 2008 Plan for Academic Enrichment set a goal of offering 75 first-year seminars by 2010. As of the 2011 spring semester, the registrar’s office lists 74 first-year seminars on record. Despite being one course short of the goal, Kathleen McSharry, associate dean for writing and issues of chemical dependency, said she is satisfied with the current number of offerings. At the beginning of the 201011 academic year, the University had 76 courses on record, but McSharry said courses tend to “melt” as professors’ schedules change. “Seventy-five is a target,” said McSharry. “If we can say that from 2008 to 2013, that we offered on average 75 offerings a year, and the offerings never fell below 70, then we’ve met our goal.” The first-year seminar program began in 2002 as a way to “expand opportunities for student interaction with faculty,” according to the Plan for Academic Enrichment. In 2002, the program began with

Daily

the Brown

23 course offerings and about 250 enrollments. “There was a desire to create a program that would make it possible for first-years to have a more meaningful intellectual encounter with faculty members in their first year at Brown,” said Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron. From 2003 to 2007, offerings leveled around 60. After a slight drop in course offerings in the 2007-08 academic year, Bergeron, with the help of Professor of Physics James Valles, then the associate dean of the College for curriculum, renewed University Hall’s focus on the seminars. Bergeron and Valles encouraged faculty to apply for grants through the Curricular Development Grant program, placing an emphasis on proposals for firstyear seminars. Bergeron called this process a “small incentive system.” The following school year, offerings rose from 56 to 74, as many as there still are. The success of the program “is a testament to the departments’ commitment to first-year stucontinued on page 5

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oversee fundraising By Emily Rosen Staff Writer

In an effort to sustain the fundraising momentum initially sparked by the Campaign for Academic Enrichment, which ended in Dec. 31, the Corporation has formed the Committee on Development, which will oversee all University fundraising. The committee is chaired by Vice Chancellor Jerome Vascellaro ’74 P’07, a Corporation trustee and former co-chair of the campaign. Senior Vice President for University Advancement Steven King ’91 will work closely with the committee, which will also include President Ruth Simmons, Chancellor Thomas Tisch ’76 and three to five other Corporation members. According to Vascellaro, the Committee on Development will oversee fundraising efforts and develop strategies for future fundraising. King added that the committee will also review fundraising progress and report its findings to the Corporation at least once per year. With the recent end of the campaign, Vascellaro said the committee intends to ensure “a continuation of the momentum and fundraising results of the campaign.” He added that before the campaign began, the University raised about $80 million in gifts and pledges each year, but during the campaign, that number rose to $200 million per year. Vascellaro called the new committee “a natural evolution from the campaign.” The Campaign for Academic Enrichment Executive Committee, including the president, chancellor and three campaign co-chairs, decided to create a development committee at the Corporation level that would be established when the campaign was over, King said. The campaign “set a standard of excellence,” he said. King and Vascellaro both said another important duty of the Committee on Development will be to discuss the University’s fundraising priorities. King said the committee will ensure the University’s institutional priorities determine the committee’s fundraising priorities. Vascellaro said the committee will work closely with the administration to establish these fundraising priorities and will work to match specific donors to specific initiatives. The new engineering school and the financial aid program are two possible areas of focus for the committee, he said. “I feel good that we will have the leadership and support of this group,” said King, adding that fundraising is crucial for the future of the University.


Campus News 3

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Higher ed news roundup

by emma wohl senior staff writer

Lafayette students to cross into N. Korea Lafayette College in Pennsylvania may be the first American university to offer a for-credit study-abroad program in North Korea this summer. The program is being organized through the P’yongyang Project, a non-profit based out of Beijing that has run trips to North Korea since 2009. The U.S. government has issued a warning for citizens traveling abroad in North Korea. “U.S. citizens crossing into North Korea without proper documentation, even accidentally, have been subject to arrest and long-term detention,” reads the warning. The U.S. does not have diplomatic or consular relations with the North Korean government. The Lafayette program would be a two-and-a-half-week trip to China, North Korea and South Korea to study cultural interactions between the three countries. It was organized by Lafayette Assistant Professor of Anthropology Allison Alexy, who will co-lead the trip. The students would be under a number of security measures from both the program and the North Korean government. Restrictions would prevent them from taking photographs, publishing articles, leaving the group without permission and traveling anywhere without a North Korean staff person. The trip is structured in such a way that the North Korean portion could be canceled if any risks arise, Alexy said. The program organizers have also made arrangements for emergency charter flights in case they need to evacuate, she added. There have not been any security issues with the P’yongyang Project’s past trips, project director and co-founder Matthew Reichel ’09 told Inside Higher Ed. There should not be problems “as long as you go in legally,” he added. “Everything that we do is sanctioned by the Koreans,” he said.

Penn State may close branch campuses Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett proposed cutting funding to higher education in half in a budget address last Tuesday. The plan, which would cut $211 million to the state-owned institutions for next year, would be the largest one-time percentage decrease to higher education in history, according to the American Association of State Colleges and Universities. Corbett called the measure “a reality-based budget.” Pennsylvania has a $4 billion deficit for the 2011-12 fiscal year. John Cavanaugh, chancellor of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, told the Chronicle of Higher Education he plans to make up for the decreased funding by trimming the system’s budget and looking for other sources of funding while at the same time lobbying the General Assembly to restore some of the funds. The deficit will not simply be made up by increases to student tuition, Cavanaugh added. At Penn State, the budget cut would reduce the state’s contribution to the school’s budget from 8 to 4 percent. With such a small input from the state, some have suggested privatizing the university. But Donald Heller, director of the Center for the Study of Higher Education at Penn State, said the state’s $165 million contribution for the next fiscal year would not be “insignificant.” Penn State currently has nearly two dozen campuses across the state. Campus closures are a “significant possibility” if the budget cuts persist, said Graham Spanier, the university’s president.

Conference addresses immigration By Kristina Klara Staff Writer

Five days after University researchers released a poll showing public division over immigration issues, academic and policy leaders met for a conference entitled “Policy and Demographics in Rhode Island: A Symposium on Immigrants and Immigration in the State” Saturday in MacMillan 117, adding a human face to the hard data of the poll. “We invited community leaders and public officials to come to Brown to have a discussion on immigration based on hard data — the poll,” said Marion Orr, director of the Taubman Center for Public Policy and American Institutions, which conducted the poll. President Ruth Simmons opened the conference with an address to an audience of about 60 students and community members. Thomas Tobin, bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Providence, was the keynote speaker. Afterward, the results of the survey were presented by Orr and Alexandra Filindra, a postdoctoral research associate in public policy. The poll surveyed the views of 508 Rhode Island residents about immigration. The results showed that Rhode Islanders were divided on issues of immigration and assimilation. But a majority favored providing education to immigrant children, whether documented or not. The event was sponsored by the Taubman Center, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Rhode Island Foundation, among others. Two panels — one of community leaders and another of academics — answered questions regarding immigration. All of the community leaders had personal connections to immigration issues. “Some people have given me the title of troublemaker or community organizer — same thing,” said immigration attorney Roberto Gonzalez, who has defended immigrants facing deportation. “Providence is 65 percent minority,” said Reverend Matthew

Hitchner ’10 recalled by family, friends continued from page 1 said Katie Glerum ’10, one of Hitchner’s close friends. He also had passionate, informed opinions about art and culture. “He could not watch a show without ruining it for someone,” Glerum said. She recalled his energy and sense of humor and recounted the time when their friendship was first solidified. “I was wearing this really weird stretchy green sweater, and he put it on, and then he rolled down the hallway,” she said. “He was really funny.” Hitchner’s extraordinary interpersonal abilities complemented his impressive mathematical and scientific ability. He graduated from Brown with a bachelor of science

in civil engineering. “The most important thing to remember about Jason is how passionate he was about everything he did,” said Elizabeth Langevin ’10, another of Hitchner’s friends. “He was so friendly and kind to everyone he met.” Whether he was at home or abroad, discussing science or politics, those who remember him agree that, with his natural humanity and warm disposition, he inspired people to notice the positive qualities in others and to attract them as friends. “It was nice to see all of his friends band together” after his death, Glerum said. “I think it was a good reflection on how good a friend Jason was.” Langevin said Hitchner’s bright personality survives him. “He really

Courtesy of Gregory Anderson

Jason Hitchner ‘10, remembered as friendly and passionate, died Wednesday.

left a pretty strong mark on everyone he met and everyone he knew.” A viewing was held in Hitchner’s honor in Ventnor, N.J., yesterday afternoon.

Kai of the Ministers Alliance. He recounted his own experiences as an immigrant and described how hurt he felt when called an “alien.” “They said ‘illegal alien,’” Kai said. The term angered and confused him at first, “but then I didn’t feel so bad because we were all aliens — some of us were legal and some were illegal.” Molly Soum from the Genesis Center in Providence, who is Cambodian, spoke from the perspective of a Southeast Asian immigrant. “It’s not that we chose to come here — it’s that we were brought here,” Soum said. “We aren’t here to squeak the wheel.” Soum said she sees herself and others as giving a voice to immigrants. “I’m speaking for the unspeakable, the people who can’t speak for themselves,” she said.

Nasser Zawia, dean of the graduate school at the University of Rhode Island, who is Yemeni, spoke from the perspective of a Muslim immigrant, saying Muslims in the United States were particularly affected after the Sept. 11 attacks. “What some crazy lunatic did somewhere, I suddenly am responsible for,” said Zawia, adding that many innocent people were “rounded up” and held after the 2001 attacks. Overall, the panel encouraged more community involvement and aid for immigrants. State Sen. Juan Pichardo, DProvidence, encouraged Rhode Island residents to “help all immigrants, whether they’re here undocumented or not.” “It is in our best interest to be mentors,” he added.


4 Campus News

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Between the lines: Literary mags serve up variety By Alexandra Macfarlane Contributing Writer

Catalyst. Clerestory. Visions. Their posters are plastered on your bathroom stall. African Sun. The Triple Helix. Somos. They’re on the dormitory door you open each night. Awaaz. The Brown Jug. There is a plethora of creative magazines at Brown. Deadlines are fast approaching, and Brown’s dozen or so creative magazines are churning out pages to bind and distribute around campus. To those uninvolved in the literary publication scene, these eclectic names may be bizarre and sometimes confusing. What goes on inside these covers? Each magazine has a unique take on what it means to be “literary” and how to foster communication between the creators and readers of a magazine. Many magazines are centered on a simple goal — to create dialogue among writers, readers and artists. “It’s not just a journal,” said Emma Janaskie ’13, managing editor of Clerestory. “It’s a cultural touchstone to get people more involved in creation itself.” Clerestory, which was named after a type of architectural window, is the oldest literary journal on campus. With each publication, the magazine searches out a variety of aesthetics. There is no thematic criteria for sub-

missions — artists create their own inspirations. Issues include poetry, prose and art by Brown and Rhode Island School of Design students. The upcoming issue will even include a music CD, Janaskie said. But it is not just literary magazines that are trying to spark new conversations. “Catalyst bridges the gap between sciences and the humanities,” said Ariana Spawn ’11, the magazine’s editor-in-chief. “We take literary pieces that cover broad scientific themes.” Environmental studies concentrator Frans Johansson ’95 founded the magazine in 1995. The editorial leadership remains academically diverse — one human biology and ecology concentrator and one literary arts concentrator. The Catalyst is not the only science-based magazine on campus. The Triple Helix is an “international undergraduate journal of science, society and law,” said Catherine McCarthy ’11, editor-in-chief. Unlike submissions-based magazines, the staff works extensively with each author before and during the writing process, McCarthy said. The Triple Helix is an internationally run organization with chapters at campuses worldwide. It was founded to “establish a forum for discussion about the integration of disciplines,” said MariaLisa Itzoe ’12, president of the Brown chapter. Each edition includes pieces written by Brown students and those written by their international peers. Recent editions

have included submissions from the University of Chicago and the University of California at San Diego. Similarly, the Round does not just include the work of Brown students. Professors and members of the writing community beyond the University are published in the literary magazine. In fact, 30 percent of the magazine is not written by Brown students, according to founder and

feature poetry editor Elizabeth Metzger ’11. The Round staff distributes print editions to 12 other schools with renowned master of fine arts programs to further the literary discussion, she added. The magazine is “round in every sense,” Metzger said, adding, “We reconnect writers to readers without delineations.” In addition to their bimonthly meetings, the Round’s staff holds “literary salons” to discuss works of fiction, poetry and art, she said. Past published pieces include one work describing the 63rd Street Tunnel — a tunnel connecting Manhattan and Queens — and another titled “Instructions for a Self Portrait.” Other magazines use a specific theme as their founding principle. Because there is no department for South Asian studies concentrators, Awaaz, the South Asian Journal of Arts, seeks to connect both concentrators and writers to those interested in the field, said co-editor Manasa

Ivy schools reinstate early action By Jamie Brew Contributing Writer

Harvard and Princeton will allow prospective students to apply through non-binding early action programs beginning this fall, the two schools announced Feb. 24. Both schools cancelled their early action and early decision programs in 2006 in favor of single rounds of admissions in the spring. The single-admission policy was meant to give equal consideration to “excellent students from a broad array of backgrounds,” said Princeton President Shirley Tilghman in a Feb. 24 press release. By eliminating the early action option, the schools mitigated the advantage of students who were familiar with the college application process or who went to schools with strong admissions advisory programs. “In eliminating our early program four years ago, we hoped other colleges and universities would do the same, and they haven’t,” Tilghman said in the release. “One consequence is that some students who really want to make their college decision as early as possible in their senior year apply to other schools early, even if their first choice is Princeton.” With the exception of the University of Virginia, which adopted a single admission system in 2007 only to switch back last year, no other schools followed Harvard and Princeton’s lead, causing the two Ivy League schools to recon-

Number of early applicants to Brown by class year

Katie Wilson / Herald

sider. Because many factors influence trends in applications, it is hard to tell how strongly Harvard and Princeton’s policies on early admissions affect Brown’s admissions, wrote Dean of Admission James Miller ’73 in an e-mail to The Herald. “We did not see an increase in our early decision pool when Harvard and Princeton dropped their early programs, so it is hard to predict that we will see a decrease as they reinstate their programs,” Miller wrote. Of the eight Ivies, Harvard,

Princeton and Yale will now be the only ones to offer non-binding early action programs. All others, including Brown, have binding early-decision programs, which require applicants to attend if accepted. Early decision programs “tend to provide more certainty for the college in terms of constructing an incoming class, while giving students the chance to declare and commit themselves to a very clear first choice institution,” Miller wrote. “At this time, we have no plans to move to a single choice early action program.”

Reddy ’12.5. Awaaz means sound or voice. The Latino literary magazine Somos also has a theme based on culture and heritage. It publishes pieces in English, Spanish and Portuguese and interprets the idea of culture very broadly, said Kim Arredondo ’11, publicity director and editorin-chief. The magazine reflects its idea of community through its title, Somos, which means “we are” in Spanish. Issues Magazine, an undergraduate arts and literary journal for Brown and RISD, changes its theme each semester. Last semester, the theme was “the Miniscule,” and this spring, it is “the Majescule.” But the Issues staff does not expect each piece to directly relate to its ideas. “The theme is much more general,” said Matt Weiss ’12, junior editorin-chief. “We set it and then keep it in the back of our heads as we read submissions.” Issues is “a general magazine about the sense and sensibility of people on campus,” Weiss said. Even the Brown Jug, a humor magazine, relies on themes. The Jug has a “Harvard Lampoon-esque” style, said Greg Berman ’11, editorin-chief. Like Issues, the Brown Jug

picks broad ideas such as “religion,” “the future,” “evil” and “inventions.” About a third of accepted submissions are based on the theme each semester, Berman said. The Brown Jug also has a much more collaborative structure to its article process. Students send in ideas and then work with the staff to craft the final article, Berman said. Their recent issue included humorous articles with titles like “All About the Benjamins” and “Conversations with Your Mother Mad Libs.” Despite these varied criteria, the magazines are always looking for contributors. March is a popular month for submission deadlines because many journals print spring issues. Acceptance rates for submissions vary between the different titles, but all of the magazines welcome new writers. Catalyst receives roughly 30 submissions a semester and publishes about half of them, Spawn said. Issues magazine is more selective — they receive roughly 40 to 50 poetry submissions and run about eight to 10, according to Weiss. Issues receives about 20 fiction submissions and run three to four of these longer pieces, he said. “We are discerning,” Janaskie said of Clerestory, “not exclusive.”

Researchers present new OCD treatment By DAniel Jeon Contributing Writer

A team of researchers presented an innovative method for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder called deep brain stimulation at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Feb. 18. The team shared the technique and results of their ongoing research, which began more than 10 years ago. OCD “is a disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts,” said Nicole McLaughlin, assistant professor of psychiatry and human behavior and a member of the research team, adding that these thoughts are often caused by anxiety. An extreme case of the disorder — which can range from mild to severe — is defined as “when something basically gets in the way of life,” she said. If medication and behavioral therapy have failed in these severe cases, deep brain stimulation can help. Originally used for movement disorders like Parkinson’s disease, deep brain stimulation can now be used to treat OCD. During deep brain stimulation, doctors insert electrodes under the skin that send impulses to correct problems in the brain. These electrodes stimulate specific parts of the brain — for example, those that play a role in obsessive thoughts. McLaughlin said the stimulation helps to increase mood and decrease general anxiety. In combination with medication and behavioral therapy, the stimulation has been successful in about 70 percent of cases, according to Steven Rasmussen P’13, who led the research with Benjamin Greenberg, both associate professors of psychiatry and human behavior.

Because researchers are still refining the techniques of deep brain stimulation, there have been mixed feelings from the general public regarding its safety and ethical implications. Ethicists have expressed concern that the research should not have received a Humanitarian Device Exemption grant — which provides approval to implant electrodes in a patient’s body — because they say the success rate is not high enough. Rasmussen said that the ethicists doubt whether deep brain stimulation has been studied well enough to be fully implemented for patients suffering from OCD. But, Rasmussen added, “if it was your family member who was suffering from this, wouldn’t you want the option of having the treatment?” Rasmussen and McLaughlin both said a national registry is vital for the sake of the future of deep brain stimulation. A registry would help to collect data from everyone who performs these surgeries across the country, and “hopefully this could help inform us and also inform potentially other forms of anxiety treatments and those kind of things,” McLaughlin said. “If we understand how these kinds of surgeries can make OCD better, then we may also be able to find other techniques we could use on a larger OCD population.” “The more systematic data we collect, the better off we are in knowing what’s going to help and what’s not going to help,” Rasmussen said. Both researchers expressed hope for the future of deep brain stimulation and said they believe that, with further research, the stimulation can be used in more effective and systematic methods.


Campus News 5

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Students studying in Japan safe after earthquake continued from page 1 Accounts from abroad

Nine students are planning to study abroad in Japan this semester, though only three students are there now due to the start time of their term, according to the press release. Alec Brownridge ’12, an East Asian studies concentrator studying through the Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies at Doshisha University, said the natural disasters did not affect students at the university because Kyoto is an inland region, though media coverage of the disaster has been extensive. Helen Diagama ’12 and Tyler Kasindorf-Mantaring ’12 are also studying through the consortium. Kasindorf-Mantaring wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that he first heard about the earthquake when his parents called him Friday. Though Brownridge said his area was not affected, he said his homestay family was concerned about their friend in Tokyo who had to evacuate her seventh floor apartment as aftershocks reached the city. James McClain, a professor of history who is on leave this academic year to teach at the Kyoto Consortium, wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that CNN coverage of the earthquake and tsunami appears “needlessly alarming” thus far. But Japanese media coverage of the tsunami appears “dispassionately objective,” he wrote. Jack Boeglin ’12, who plans to leave March 21 to study abroad at Keio University in Tokyo, said the program has not contacted him to suggest any changes to the plan. While Tokyo was not the most severely affected, Boeglin said he knows a host family who felt the shocks from the quake.

U.S. Navy

A professor teaching in Kyoto and three students studying abroad there are all safe after Friday’s earthquake and tsunami. Relief efforts

Brownridge said he hopes to get involved in relief efforts in the upcoming weeks, but noted that right now, relief is much more focused on immediate rescue missions and evacuations. The Japanese Cultural Association will organize a charity event set tentatively for March 21, Yamamoto said. They will also collect money in J. Walter Wilson and attract other cultural groups to perform. Kerry Smith, chair of the East Asian Studies Department and associate professor of history, said he believes a comparison will be drawn between national relief efforts today and the response to the 1995 Hanshin earthquake in Kobe, Japan. “The response appears to be much better organized,” Smith said, adding that aid appears to be moving at a “relatively quick pace.” Plans may also be in place to accept external aid if necessary, though in 1995, outside aid was

largely turned away, according to Smith. It is difficult to know how extensive the devastation will be when all is said and done, McClain wrote, since the country is still in the midst of early relief efforts in the hardest-hit regions where communication has been essentially severed. But he added that the damage may be severe. “The Japanese prime minister, a person not given to exaggeration, said that this is the worst disaster to strike Japan since World War II,” he wrote. “Indeed, to me, some of the scenes of the damaged cities bear an eerie resemblance to the Japanese cities destroyed by American fire-bombing in WWII.” Historical perspective and preparation

The earthquake occurred in a region known over the last 150 years for volatile seismic activity, said Smith, who lived in Tokyo for

four years and has also lived in the northeastern Miyagi Prefecture near the earthquake’s epicenter. Smith is currently working on a book about the Kanto Earthquake of 1923 that hit Tokyo. This active earthquake pattern has contributed to the strict building codes in Japan that McClain credited with dimishing the damage inflicted by the earthquake. “Japanese building codes, in regards to anti-earthquake construction, are among the toughest in the world, if not the toughest,” he wrote. Kasindorf-Mantaring wrote that the 1995 Hanshin earthquake spurred efforts to increase the integrity of Japanese homes. “I believe Japan averted more deaths, especially in the metropolitan Tokyo area, with its airtight infrastructure and strict building codes,” he wrote. “There’s no place that’s earthquake-proof,” Smith said, though he added that Japan has a “good sense of what to expect under predictable conditions.” “We’re used to experiencing little earthquakes here or there,” said Yamamoto, who is from an area near Tokyo. Because of the damage inflicted by the earthquake and tsunami, several nuclear reactors located near Tokyo are in danger of leaking radiation. McClain wrote that the Japanese rely on these power sources for one-third of their electrical energy, and these reactors are mostly concentrated in areas at risk for earthquakes. “The Japanese themselves have long debated the wisdom of following such an energy policy,” he wrote, adding that “many — remembering that the Japanese are the only persons who have experienced an atomic bombing — have been deeply apprehensive about the accidental release of radioactivity.”

Seminar offerings fall short continued from page 2 dents,” McSharry said. “Departments do their very best to provide first-year seminars.” Professor of Geological Sciences Reid Cooper said he began teaching GEOL 0160F: “Patterns: in Nature, in Society” in 2005, after feeling a “push” from the deans. But, after teaching it for several years, Cooper found the courses valuable to both him and his students. He said he enjoyed the seminar so much that he is interested in creating another “field-trip intensive” first-year seminar on the natural history of Rhode Island. David Caianiello ’14 took CHEM 0080B: “Molecular Structures in Chemistry and Biology” last semester. Caianiello said he benefited from the intimate class setting, which helped first-years learn how to study in a college setting and allowed for productive discussion. He called it a “really good eye-opener for being a freshman.” Additionally, Caianiello formed a strong relationship with Professor of Chemisty Paul Williard, who taught the class, which led him to pursue an Undergraduate Teaching and Research Award with Williard. McSharry said she is optimistic about the future of the program. As of right now, 81 first-year seminars have been proposed for the 2011-12 academic year. “I’d be surprised if we had 81,” McSharry said. “But it’s a solid number to have at this point, so I’m confident that we’ll have at least 75.”


6 Arts & Culture S P R I NG H AS S P RUNG

Festival addresses Cambodian repression By Sarah Mancone Staff Writer

Freddy Lu / Herald

The first flowers of spring are blooming. Winter officially ends March 20.

Sex Week kicks off with ‘body positivity’ By Caroline Flanagan Staff Writer

“If You Can’t Love Yourself … (How Can You Love Anyone Else?)” was the question posed at the Sexual Health Education and Empowerment Council’s workshop yesterday. The event — the second of the group’s annual Sex Week — addressed body image issues like body mass index and shaving pubic hair. ­ Shanna Katz — a professional sexuality educator, consultant, writer, sex coach and self-described “professional pervert” — led the presentation. The audience was rather small, but it provided for a more intimate, comfortable setting. “Our goal is not to pack 500 people in a room. It’s to touch on issues that aren’t often talked about, so attendance isn’t a major goal. These events usually benefit from a more intimate setting anyway,” said Aida Manduley ’11, the chair of the Sexual Health Education and Empowerment Council. Katz emphasized “body positivity” in her presentation. “Body positivity is about loving all bodies. It’s not about being anti-thin, antiskinny or anti-anything,” she said. She noted that body positivity is often misconstrued as being one-sided ­— that people who are body positive only believe that “real women have curves” or “real women have real breasts.” But she emphasized that people who are body positive love all bodies. “We’re looking at authentic people,” she said. Katz touched on a variety of topics in her presentation, including breast and penis size and the benefits of masturbation. She emphasized that people should do what makes them feel comfortable and should aim to understand their own bodies. This way, they can tell when something is not right with their bodies and ask

for what they want sexually. “Positive body image is about feeling sexy whoever you are and at whatever stage you’re at in your life,” Katz said. At the end of the presentation, Manduley raffled off sex toys and body oils and offered everyone condoms, lubricant and small vibrators. “We want people to have access to good, body-safe things,” Manduley said. “We want to normalize them and inform potential consumers about what companies are ethical and what products are safe for their bodies so they can be more discerning in their purchases.” “The main goals of Sex Week are to inspire conversations, to provide places for these conversations to take place and to provide education. The theme of this year’s Sex Week is freedom of choice — not necessarily reproductive choice — but choosing whether or not to engage in sex and finding out what you want,” said Manduley. “This event focused on the freedom to love yourself and your freedom to have a body image that makes you feel comfortable.” Many audience members said they enjoyed the event and might attend future Sex Week events. “I was looking at Sex Week events, and I thought this one seemed interesting. It was so much fun,” Brisa Pena ’13, said. “I thought it was interesting to say the least,” said Dan Rho ’13, adding that he is thinking about taking MSex as a result of the event. Katz, who ran four events at Sex Week last year and will run an event tomorrow, said she thought the event went well. “The people who showed up were very engaged and had interesting things to say,” she said. Brown reminds her of her own undergraduate experience because the students have great ideas that do not fit the cookie-cutter mold of society, she added.

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

In Cambodia, all news is good news. Or at least, all news broadcast in the media is good news. The lack of freedom of the press in Cambodia, Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries is the topic of this year’s week-long International Freedom-to-Write Literary Festival. The annual festival, started and run by the Program in Literary Arts and International Writers Project, begins on Monday at 4 p.m. in Smith-Buonanno 106 with readings by Vietnamese author Linh Dinh and American playwright David Rabe. “Every year, we have a fellow running some kind of (International Writers Project) literary festival about the art, culture and politics of that country or region,” said Robert Coover, visiting professor of literary arts. “We choose our fellow on basis of need, of threat against him. Sometimes they are in exile,” he said. The festival provides an opportunity to celebrate the fellow and also to “become more knowledgeable about the literature and culture of that nation,” as well as the problems of the nation, said Gale Nelson MA’88, assistant director of the literary arts program. The focus on Cambodia and neighboring countries was sparked by this year’s visiting fellow Tararith Kho. Hundreds of writers either apply or are nominated for the fellowship every year, but Kho’s many impressive nominations — by groups like Poets, Essayists, Novelists, an international literary and human rights organization — solidified

his selection. He stood out for his “energy and enthusiasm for literature and human rights,” Nelson said. Kho was born to a family of rice farmers and was the “only one of his siblings who got out of that and got educated,” Coover said. Kho has been very involved in helping others in Cambodia do the same, especially women who are trapped by tradition and unable to get an education, Coover added. “Freedom of speech is difficult to find in Cambodia,” Kho said. “I promoted people to write about contemporary issues.” Kho said the media in Cambodia is controlled by the country’s high-ranking members of society. “Televisions, newspapers, magazines are all under the government,” he said. As a result everyone only hears the same “good” news, he added. Kho’s reading on Tuesday will be about the state of the media in Cambodia and how it has created a “cage” for writers. His efforts to “get the entrapped rice farmer people out of their circumstances” was seen as a threat in Cambodia, Coover said, and on occasion, Kho had to flee to the Thai border. Now if he returns to Cambodia, he will likely be arrested. Though Kho’s family is here in the United States right now as well, he may have to return to Cambodia when his visa runs out. Kho said he did not want to talk badly about his country, but he wants life to change for the people of Cambodia. “Writers are simple, not fighters. We have no weapons,” Kho said. The festival does not focus on Cambodia alone but also explores neighboring countries, especially

Vietnam. “Cambodia and Vietnam have this really tangled history,” Coover said. During the Vietnam War, the United States targeted both countries, and both countries also targeted each other, he said. After the end of the war, Vietnam invaded Cambodia. The goal of this year’s festival is to “provide greater insight into the real nature” of Cambodian and Vietnamese relations, Coover added. A panel Thursday will explore these relations by bringing together Vietnamese and Cambodian writers and American veterans of the war. Other speakers for this festival were chosen based on their connections to Cambodia and neighboring countries, Nelson said. Coover said the speakers that were selected are “fellow workers in the field of protecting human rights and expression.” The hope is that this festival will promote “greater awareness” of the situation in Cambodia, he added. Kho said he hopes to help other writers who are receiving threats in response to their work. “Democracy is a human right,” Kho said. “If I know myself how to fight for human rights, I want to do it.” “Cambodian people did not know how to find people’s help,” he said, because they have no media and no network for contacting people from other countries. They are “living in a cage,” he said, and can never open their eyes to see another world. Kho said that he hopes the festival will generate American support for Cambodia. “Americans must fight for Cambodia to have a new generation,” he said.

Fashionistas’ magazine unravels style By Luisa Robledo Arts & Culture Editor

Before attending the Hermes lecture in the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts last Monday, a large crowd of fashionistas and designer connoisseurs met in Wilson Hall to create Brown’s first fashion publication — ­ Unhemmed. Frustrated with the lack of “fashion-related things” at Brown, visual arts concentrator April Zhang ’13 decided to take matters into her own hands. She wanted to create a student-run magazine that accurately showcases fashion and style at the University. “I think there is a void on campus this magazine is really going to fill,” said Zhang, who has been making clothes since her parents bought her a sewing machine in elementary school. “We want to have trend reports that can be applied to our lives and our budgets.” “Of course we love Bottega Veneta and Marc Jacobs, but we want to know about students’ trends,” said Monique Batson ’13, one of the

editors of the new up-and-coming fashion magazine. The magazine will be published online only. “We could have never printed this to the standards we want — we just don’t have the budget right now,” Batson said of the group’s decision to publish online. “Plus, this way we can create a more dynamic interaction with our readers. We can update our blog between issues, add links and videos and make it really fun.” “We are college students, and we need certain outfits for certain things, and we all have different styles,” said Batson, who defines fashion as wearable art. Batson, a designer, is excited to create an innovative layout that will captivate readers’ attentions. She still has not chosen one, but she said she keeps waking up in the middle of the night with “crazy ideas.” Both editors agreed the first gathering was a success. At least 60 people turned up, and over 70 signed up on their listserv. Last

night, the first staff meeting took place, at which writers, photographers and section editors were selected. “Unhemmed … is an unbelievable opportunity to be involved with a publication that is still defining its own voice and establishing both an identity and a presence within the Brown community,” wrote Vivian Carlson ’14, one of the new magazine’s staff members, in an e-mail to The Herald. “There are so many great ideas floating around,” Zhang said. “We have gotten a great response, and there are so many people who want to work with us.” The first issue will come out April 8. Until then, the staff members will work on writing articles, “getting the word out” and “executing ideas to the best of our abilities,” Zhang added. “This is our baby — we are super excited and we hope everyone is going to like it as much as we do,” she said. “Yes, it’s going to be great,” Batson agreed. “It’s our mission.”

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Sports Monday 7

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

W. lax drops Alums grind it out, live ‘every kid’s dream’ in NFL practice squad last December, and continued from page 1 to 1-1 in Ivy he has been with the Raiders ever trying to find a home. But thanks to since. ongoing NFL labor disagreements, But of the four, the most unLeague Sewall said he has received less in- conventional route to the NFL was continued from page 12 utes later, allowing the Tigers to maintain a commanding 10-goal lead. Hudgins and McGilloway struck again, but the Tigers quieted the Bears’ offensive surges. “I don’t think anyone was happy with our performance,” Waterman said. “Everybody wanted to step up and make big plays, but instead of staying as a cohesive unit and doing the things we normally do, we kind of got in a stink.” Though the first loss in Ivy League play stung, the team aims to take the same positive approach to Wednesday’s home game at 5 p.m. against Holy Cross (1-6). “We had a great game plan going into (the Princeton game),” Waterman said. “And we know that we need to stick to the game plan and do what we know how to do.”

terest than he hoped. “With this (collective bargaining agreement) issue comes complications for guys like me who don’t have a team because teams are reluctant to sign anybody in case there is a lockout,” Sewall said. “The best thing I can do, though, is keep working hard, keep staying in shape and go out there and show the teams that are giving me tryouts what I’ve got to offer.” Still, Sewall said he remains optimistic. If an agreement is reached, “I definitely think I can sign somewhere,” he said. “I’ve just got to keep working my butt off.” Howard was in a similar position after he was cut by the Titans in September, despite being selected by the team in the seventh round of the 2010 NFL Draft. But Howard then impressed coaches for the Oakland Raiders, a team that had shown pre-draft interest in him. The team offered him a spot on its

Develin’s. “I went through the (Arena Football League) and (United Football League) and even changed my position to make it to the NFL,” said the defensive tackle-turned-fullback. “The process really humbled me and showed me how much work it takes. It helped me appreciate Cincinnati’s offer more once I finally got it.” The day after Develin’s United Football League team, the Florida Tuskers, lost in the championship game in late November, Develin was called for a tryout with the Bengals. Though Farnham was undrafted out of Brown, his path to the NFL has been the simplest. After receiving a tryout from his hometown New England Patriots in the summer, Farnham was cut by the team only to be resigned several weeks later. He went on to make the Patriots’ practice squad and was also recognized by his coaches as the

Herald file photo

Bobby Sewall ’10 (above) was on the Titans’ practice squad with David Howard ’09.5 this fall. Sewall was cut but is hoping to get re-signed for next season.

practice squad player of the week leading up to New England’s Week 17 showdown against the Miami Dolphins. He remains on the team’s active practice squad roster and said he hopes to earn a spot on the game squad next year.

“Buddy’s living the life,” Develin said. “He’s playing for the team he rooted for growing up after playing for the college he rooted for growing up,” Develin added. “He’s just living every kid’s dream.”

M. lax snaps streak, prepares for Harvard continued from page 12 added his fourth to put the score at 8-1. The Bears added three goals in the final quarter to stretch the onslaught to 11-1 before conceding three late consolation goals to the Hawks. Just like in the Feb. 26 Quinnipiac win, every Brown player had entered the game by the final whistle. The win moves the Bears back to .500 after losses to the No. 5 University of Massachusetts at Amherst

and the University of Hartford. Feinberg said Saturday’s commanding victory should help the team regain momentum before its first Ivy League game against Harvard. Tiffany said that game is when the real test will begin. “Now we head into the Ivy League schedule playing a very fast, athletic, aggressive Harvard team,” Tiffany said. “We still have a lot to prove. It’s good to win this game, but there’s so much more to prove, and that’s got to start next Saturday against Harvard.”

Students fight child obesity with brackets continued from page 12 said Anderson, the second overall pick in the 1991 NBA draft. “They want to become that. So it definitely comes with the territory that you’re a role model. When you get a certain amount of exposure and you’re out in the limelight, your words carry a lot of weight.” Anderson said the burden of being a role model is hard for many athletes. When sponsors for junk foods or other potentially harmful products come to them with multi-million dollar endorsement deals, it can be hard to turn down the money in favor of maintaining their ideals. “It’s a Catch-22 situation,” Anderson said. “The marketing guy wants to make money by advertising what they want to advertise, but at the same time, kids

might get the wrong impression when you’re trying to say, ‘Hey, eat healthy’ and you’re sponsoring fast food restaurants.” But Rofes said he believes March for Health is one way in which athletes and college students alike can remedy their image to the rest of society. “I think there is a lot to be said for an effort that is run largely by college students,” he said. “Just like athletes, college students are being painted by a large portion of society as a group of people that don’t really care. I just disagree. I think it’s a fact that, at least on our campus, people do have their causes that they care about very dearly. We really want this to be a college student-run program. We would like to look back on this and say, ‘Wow, look at what all of these students have contributed.’”

Letters, please! letters@browndailyherald.com


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Letters 9

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Alums in service support Concealed firearms mean safer campuses ROTC reinstatement To the Editor:

To the Editor: As just some of the proud Brown alums who are serving or have served in the military, we were heartened to learn that the University is considering modifying its Reserve Officers’ Training Corps policy. We were especially excited when President Ruth Simmons organized the Brown Committee on ROTC as a sign that Brown, like our sister institutions, was honestly exploring the options available. We welcome this conversation and believe the time to reinstate ROTC on Brown’s campus has arrived. As stated in the Plan for Academic Enrichment, Brown aspires to ensure all students are “offered the best education possible through opportunities to craft their own educational paths.” Without question, Brown offers an incredible range of opportunities to its undergraduates, but this alone is not what makes the University unique. Rather, Brown is distinctive because of the unparalleled freedom the University gives students to make their own decisions. We believe Brown can better live up to this aspiration by allowing students to decide for themselves whether to participate in ROTC. We are better people because of our service in the military, and we believe Brown’s students, and indeed the commonweal, will benefit from increased opportunities for Brunonians to serve. We know from experience the challenges and opportunities for development that come with military service. We know the import of the values of selflessness, discipline and determination that military service instills. Moreover, we believe the qualities that are the hallmark of a Brown

graduate — passion, intellectual curiosity, diversity of perspectives — benefit the military as an organization. Allowing ROTC to return to campus would provide additional opportunities to students and be a step toward more fully achieving Brown’s mission to “serve the community, the nation and the world.” We understand that, like almost all decisions, there are benefits and costs to be weighed. However, after following this issue for years, we encourage the University to reinstate ROTC on campus immediately. Surely, Brown can find the right partnership with our nation’s military, the way other schools have, that affords Brunonians the highest level of opportunities while enhancing Brown’s unique curriculum. No one is more qualified than the individual students to determine whether participation in ROTC is the right decision as they chart their own educational path. Let us live up to our values and once again demonstrate our trust in the individual by allowing them to make that choice. Ever True, Doug Kechijian ’02 Charles Pollak ’03 Eric Neuman ’04 Jyri Wilska ’04 Scott Quigley ’05 Matthew Goracy ’06 Michael McBride ’06 Nicholas Morrell ’06 Evan Pettyjohn ’06 Christopher Rigali ’06 William Wilson ’06 Christopher Pollak ’08 Alexander Fye ’09 John Noh ’10 Sean Quigley ’10, former Herald opinions columnist

Teacher layoffs no reason to villify Taveras To the Editor: I read the opinion piece on teachers by Chris Norris-LeBlanc ’13 (“Who needs teachers anyway?” March 8) with dismay. By failing to make distinctions or provide context for his comparison of Rhode Island with Wisconsin and New Jersey, Norris-LeBlanc could put Mayor Angel Taveras and Scott Walker in the same union-busting camp. Providence is in deep economic trouble, and Taveras, known to be supportive of unions, has made public his intention to fire as many highly paid city administrators as he can — he has taken a 10 percent pay cut himself — so as to rehire as many teachers and shut down as few schools as possible. Taveras did not, as Norris-LeBlanc contends, launch “a full-fledged attack on teachers” or any other government workers, nor is there any evidence for the claim that he is “sitting atop … stacks of money.” Superintendent Tom Brady explained in an open letter that dismissing teachers was a decision “of last resort” necessitated by a state law stipulating

that teachers must be notified of any change in their status by March 1. If not for that law, Brady claims, “no teacher would have received dismissal notices” when they did. As for protecting teachers, would it have been preferable to hastily cut loose a number of teachers simply on the basis of their standing, whether rationalized by protecting those with seniority or by firing the most highly paid, regardless of the specifics of training and performance? Where’s the solidarity in that? The story of Providence’s teacher layoffs is much more complicated than Norris-LeBlanc’s ideological, rhetorically charged representation suggests. I support unions and teachers. And there’s a world of difference between the actions of Taveras and those of Walker. Denise Davis Visiting Instructor in Gender and Sexuality Studies and Managing Editor, Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies at the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women

In his column (“Shooting for Safety,” March 9), Ethan Tobias ’12 argues that colleges allowing their students to carry concealed weapons would expose their students to severe risks. For a number of reasons, I respectfully disagree. While having trained security and police personnel on campus is an obvious necessity, it is also obvious that they cannot be everywhere at once. As my mother — a former police officer — likes to say, the police are about two minutes away, but sometimes, only seconds matter. For instance, law enforcement intervention was not responsible for ending the tragedy at Virginia Tech. After killing 32 people and wounding 17, the attacker turned the pistol on himself. Had someone on that campus been armed with a concealed weapon, it is not unreasonable to believe that they might have ended the tragic rampage much sooner, or at least might have been able to fight back. Though they would not have prevented the attack, they may have saved many, many lives. Unfortunately, though, many people

believe that college students are not responsible enough to carry weapons on campus. Sure, we can join the military and travel the world over to defend freedom, but the thought of being prepared to defend our lives at home — as dormitories are homes for some of us — and at school, gives people pause. Some imagine that there would be a dangerous mix of alcohol, drugs, stress from school and guns, and that Texas can set this dangerous precedent. This is not at all the case. When I am on break — oftentimes in Texas, coincidentally — and go somewhere where I might drink alcohol, I leave my concealed handgun permit at home. This is because it is illegal to be intoxicated while carrying a concealed weapon and I do not want to lose my permit. I would not do anything differently or more dangerous if I was allowed to carry my firearm on a Texas campus. I doubt that any permit-holding student would. In fact, the state of Utah has allowed concealed firearms on college campuses for many years now. There, permit holders recognize the laws behind mixing alcohol and guns,

and permit holders prove to be the vast minority in terms of criminal convictions. There is nothing to suggest that if Texas were to allow concealed carry on campus, things would be any more violent than they are in Utah. And importantly, despite the stress and alcohol that is likely a part of college life in Utah, there have been no shootings on a Utah campus since this bill was passed many years ago. With these facts in mind, I would trust someone with a concealed weapons permit not to let the stress of school make them violent. Still, as Tobias points out, there will likely always be someone who goes on a deadly rampage. I would hope that if that happened in my class or the classroom of someone I love, somebody would end the violence as absolutely quickly as possible. Whether that someone is the campus police, city police or the law-abiding, permit-holding student or professor two rows down makes no difference to me. If you were in the classroom, would you ask the permit holder to wait two minutes for the police? Nolan Broussard ’11

comics BB & Z | Cole Pruitt, Andrew Seiden, Valerie Hsiung and Dan Ricker

Cloud Buddies! | David Emanuel

Dot Comic | Eshan Mitra and Brendan Hainline

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10 Editorial Editorial

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Editorial comic

by julia streuli

Stamp out the vote One of the major sources of student unrest during the Vietnam War was this simple injustice — although 18- to 20-year-olds could be forcibly shipped off to fight in a foreign war, the vast majority could not vote at home. In 1971, Congress and the states, recognizing the unfairness of preventing draftees from registering their disapproval of the war electorally, quickly proposed and ratified the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which granted the right to vote to all citizens over 18 years of age. At the amendment’s ratification ceremony, President Richard Nixon expressed confidence in “America’s new voters,” who would bring “a spirit of moral courage” and “high idealism … in the American dream” to the political landscape. This sentiment was widely shared — the amendment was ratified by the required 38 states in fewer than four months, making it the fastest ratification in history. But it seems that some modern politicians are beginning to have second thoughts about this historic step. According to a March 8 article in the Washington Post, William O’Brien, the new Republican speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, said college students are “foolish,” lack “life experience” and “just vote their feelings.” O’Brien made these comments at a recent Tea Party gathering in support of tightening New Hampshire’s residency laws to prevent college students from voting where they go to school. Usually electoral changes such as these, which are afoot in many other states, are pursued in the name of fraud prevention, so it is somewhat refreshing that O’Brien explained the real motive behind disenfranchising college students — all too often, they “vot(e) as a liberal.” While fraud may be a problem in some instances, voting more than once or lying on voting forms is already a federal felony punishable by five years in prison. And those who are prepared to commit fraud in the current system won’t likely be deterred by the new requirements — which are nothing a little more fraud could not circumvent. Rather, law-abiding citizens will be adversely affected. Some, and especially primary voters in states that hold caucuses, would not even be able to vote in their home states — where they spend little time at all — even if they wanted to. Even students from New Hampshire who go to school away from their hometown may face difficulties voting. What’s worse, all students will lose their voice in the direction the community they actually live in takes for the four years they are there because leaders like O’Brien deem them too liberal or too transient. Tellingly, there are not any moves to disenfranchise temporary workers who move to a state for several years with the intention of leaving later. Such a move would be blatantly unconstitutional. Its very implausibility should illustrate how out of line this analogous, nakedly partisan power play is. All law-abiding American citizens over 18 years of age have a fundamental constitutional right to vote in the place they live. Arbitrarily denying that right to one subset of the electorate on a flimsy pretext — they only live there nine months of the year, so they do not know the issues well enough — is reprehensible. Elected officials should be in the business of encouraging citizens’ participation in their democracy, not suppressing it. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

t h e b r ow n da i ly h e r a l d Editors-in-Chief

Deputy Managing Editors

Senior Editors

Sydney Ember Ben Schreckinger

Brigitta Greene Anne Speyer

Dan Alexander Nicole Friedman Julien Ouellet Business

editorial Kristina Fazzalaro Luisa Robledo Rebecca Ballhaus Claire Peracchio Talia Kagan Hannah Moser Alex Bell Nicole Boucher Tony Bakshi Ashley McDonnell Ethan McCoy Tyler Rosenbaum Hunter Fast Michael Fitzpatrick

Arts & Culture Editor Arts & Culture Editor City & State Editor City & State Editor Features Editor Features Editor News Editor News Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Editorial Page Editor Opinions Editor Opinions Editor

Graphics & Photos Abe Pressman Graphics Editor Alex Yuly Graphics Editor Stephanie London Photo Editor Hilary Rosenthal Photo Editor Nick Sinnott-Armstrong Photo Editor Jonathan Bateman Sports Photo Editor Production Dan Towne Gili Kliger Anna Migliaccio Katie Wilson

Copy Desk Chief Design Editor Design Editor Design Editor

General Managers Matthew Burrows Isha Gulati

Correction An article in Friday’s Herald, (“15-minute musicals lampoon politics, bears,” March 11) misspelled the name of Sam Yambrovich ’12. The Herald regrets the error.

Clarifications An article in Friday’s Herald (“Student activities endowment to get $1M,” March 11) called the student activities endowment the “brainchild” of Ryan Lester ’11. The endowment was established under his leadership, but members of the Undergraduate Council of Students conceived of the endowment before Lester assumed his position as student activities chair. An article in Friday’s Herald (“BCA: Spring Weekend lineup limited by Coachella Festival”) quoted a student saying of the artist and mogul Diddy, “He’s the man who wrote ‘Shake Ya Tailfeather’ and I think the Brown community is forgetting that.” While Diddy is featured in the song, he did not write it.

quote of the day

“Positive body image is about feeling sexy whoever

you are and at whatever stage you’re at in your life.

—Shanna Katz, sexuality educator See sex on page 6.

Office Manager Shawn Reilly

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Opinions 11

The Brown Daily Herald Monday, March 14, 2011

Sarah Palin: created at Brown By Oliver Rosenbloom Opinions Columnist As the race for the Republican presidential nomination begins in earnest, Sarah Palin will receive even more publicity than she normally does. Liberal intellectuals will continue to dismiss her as an ignorant country bumpkin. This anti-Palin rhetoric will be just as intense at Brown, where Palin certainly is not a popular figure. Her nomination would be a disaster for many Brown students. It is therefore ironic that Sarah Palin was in fact created at Brown. More precisely, her anti-elitist and anti-intellectual rhetoric appeals to so many Americans because elite liberal colleges, including Brown, play right into her hands. By deifying extreme social liberalism and neglecting duty to, and love of, country, Brown provides an easy target for Palin’s brand of conservative populism. The debate about the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps serves as a perfect example of how the Brown community needlessly alienates conservative Americans. Even after the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell,” the Brown community continues to search for reasons to ban the military from campus. These rationales for banning the military continue to move further left along the spectrum of social liberalism. Brown students do not deserve criticism for their extreme social liberalism.

Standing up for the rights of neglected groups is admirable. What is not admirable is Brown’s refusal to engage with other Americans who do not share Brown’s liberal ideology. In terms of cultural beliefs, our military will never be the socially liberal institution that Brown is. By eliminating any military presence from campus, Brown students show that issues of national security and duty to country are of relatively little importance when compared to Brown’s extreme form of social liberalism.

make any concessions to the military and instead demonize our armed forces. For these critics, steadfastness in relation to narrow social concerns gives the impression of an anti-military, anti-American worldview. Palin also argues that many elite liberals and intellectuals are ungrateful for the real sacrifices that previous generations of Americans have made to guarantee our freedom. Again, this critique perfectly applies to Brown’s ROTC debate. In the rush to identify discrimination in the

By deifying extreme social liberalism and neglecting duty to, and love of, country, Brown provides an easy target for Palin’s brand of conservative populism. Neglecting to support the military fuels Sarah Palin’s anti-elitist and anti-intellectual populism. A common theme of Palin’s rhetoric is that some Americans are ashamed of their country. These Americans pursue a narrow agenda of grievance politics and overlook the strengths of our country and the sacrifices of our armed forces. This description fits Brown perfectly when applied to the ROTC debate. ROTC critics refuse to consider the strengths of our military and only dwell on its social conservatism. In their quest to spread their liberal worldview, they refuse to

armed forces, ROTC critics conveniently overlook the fact that the U.S. Army is the force most responsible for guaranteeing all of the freedoms we hold so dear. Brown students enjoy unprecedented academic, sexual and personal freedom. Historically, this freedom did not instantly appear at the request of socially liberal reformers. It developed through the combined work of politicians, private citizens and our armed forces. Even today, we only enjoy our freedom because brave young men and women are willing to risk their lives for it. Demonizing the army and banning ROTC shows how ungrateful the

Brown community is for the very forces that protect this freedom. This ungratefulness stems from our inability to engage with those who do not share our socially liberal worldview. I would never vote for Sarah Palin. But I believe that her anti-intellectual populism carries an unfortunate amount of truth, especially when applied to Brown. Elite liberal institutions often are out of touch with the beliefs of the majority of Americans. Instead of offering general support to our country, they prioritize narrow social agendas and dismiss all of those who do not share their form of social liberalism. Similarly, elite intellectuals neglect to show proper gratitude and support to the armed forces who fight and die for their academic freedom. In the debate over ROTC, Brown has shown all of these regrettable qualities of elite liberal opinion. I doubt that any Brown students will alter their positions to appease Sarah Palin. But they should be aware that their arrogant and dismissive form of liberalism only makes Palin more popular. By disrespecting our armed forces and refusing to engage with those who do not share their social values, these critics have set themselves apart from all but the most socially liberal Americans. In doing so, they have improved the electoral prospects of Sarah Palin and every other conservative populist. Oliver Rosenbloom ’13 is a history concentrator from Mill Valley, Calif. He can be reached at oliver_rosenbloom@brown.edu.

Confronting transgender discrimination in ROTC By Maddy Jennewein Guest Columnist In the current debate over the potential return of the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps to campus, much attention has been given to economic, administrative and militaristic concerns. But little attention has been paid to the rampant discrimination within the military against transgender people. Though the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” is lauded as a huge victory for the LGBTQ community, it does nothing to affect the status of transgender service members. It is clear that the driving force behind the new committee on ROTC is the recent repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell,” but an immediate reinstatement of ROTC ignores the “T” in LGBT. Transgender people are continually ignored in the push for lesbian, gay and bisexual rights. Before declaring recent political events a success for LGBT rights and an open invitation for ROTC, we need to consider continuing discrimination in the military. Transgender identity and gender identity disorder have always meant automatic disqualification from military service. Prospective soldiers undergo a medical examination in which anyone with prior genital surgery is rejected and those who have been diagnosed with gender identity disorder are turned away for mental health reasons. In addition, veterans who come out after their service face difficulties getting

treatment at veteran’s facilities, and those who change their sex after service face difficulties in simply receiving veteran benefits. The military’s discrimination, and thus ROTC’s discrimination, against transgender people, stands in direct violation of the University’s anti-discrimination policy, which states, “Brown University does not discriminate on the basis of … sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression in the administration of its educational policies, admission policies, scholarship and loan programs or other school-

to broader University goals? If we allow ROTC to ignore the non-discrimination policy, where do we draw the line? Which campus groups can interpret the policy at will and who must strictly adhere to it? Bringing ROTC back on campus is a direct affront to transgender students and allies. On a campus that has made huge commitments to transgender inclusion in areas such as health services and residential life, ROTC’s return would bring back the inequality that Brown has been working so hard to expel. ROTC’s presence would establish a hierarchy within the Brown com-

The military’s discrimination, and thus ROTC’s discrimination, against transgender people, is in direct violation of the University’s anti-discrimination policy.

administered programs.” Because ROTC runs military science courses and offers scholarships, it directly violates this code. With its exclusionary rules on admission, ROTC goes against Brown’s anti-discrimination policy. This calls into question what a non-discrimination policy means to Brown. Is our anti-discrimination policy a strict code that we expect all Brown institutions to follow or lenient guidelines that take a back seat

munity. It makes a statement about who is more equal and who is more deserving of rights. The military has always had an evolving standard of discrimination. With each new generation, a new facet of discrimination has been deemed too much. With women, African Americans and now lesbian, gay and bisexual people, aspects of prejudice have been stripped away. But after each new fight, when it seemed as if the strug-

gle were over, advocates wanted to quit and walk away with the privileges that they had earned. The LGBTQ fight in the military is not over. The repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” is a huge step for lesbian, gay and bisexual soldiers, but there is still rampant discrimination in the military. Is Brown willing to accept discrimination against transgender individuals? Does it privilege sexuality over gender identity in areas of discrimination? This is the question. Do we accept what we have earned and continue to ignore the needs of transgender individuals? Is some equality, but not total equality, enough? Brown and the committee considering ROTC’s return need to carefully evaluate what our values are and what our anti-discrimination policy means to us. Are we willing to allow exceptions to this policy and accept the consequences that come with them? Or will we uphold our strong commitment to equality and keep ROTC off campus? How can we reconcile University goals with Brown’s admirable antidiscrimination policy? To what extent will we ignore the minority in the drive to bring ROTC back on campus? I urge the Brown community, and particularly the committee, to take this issue into consideration and remember the values of our community when debating this issue. Brown’s anti-discrimination policy exists for a reason and cannot simply be ignored for the sake of ROTC. Maddy Jennewein ’14 is a co-president of GenderAction. She can be contacted at madeleine_jennewein@brown.edu.


Daily Herald Sports Monday the Brown

Monday, March 14, 2011

Students mix March W. Lacrosse Madness with charity Squad suffers first Ivy League loss By Sam Rubinroit Sports Staff Writer

As a senior in high school, Lex Rofes ’13 had an idea. Why not use people’s love for college basketball not as a way to make individual profit, but to help charity? What began as a high school senior service project in Milwaukee has evolved into March to Health, a nationwide NCAA tournament competition led by three Brown students in which participants give money to enter a bracket pool and fight child obesity “It came to me that you could use the fact that people enter pools for college basketball tournaments as a motivation for them to actually donate to charity,” Rofes said. “There are a lot of people out there that feel uncomfortable gambling with their friends. But if you turn it into a situation where they’re donating to charity, all of the sudden they feel a lot more comfortable and not like they’re dirty while doing it.” Hoping to expand March to Health when he got to Brown, Rofes turned to Allison Galer ’11 and Jeff Lipton ’13, a Herald sports columnist. Galer was the marketing consultant for Marie Ferdinand-Harris, a two-time WNBA All-Star with the Phoenix Mercury, who worked with ’nPlay, a non-profit organization committed to fighting childhood obesity. Galer suggested partnering with ’nPlay and Ferdinand-Harris for March to Health. “Their message is what my message is about — to educate and help kids and adults make healthy choices,” Ferdinand-Harris said.

“Living a healthy life and exercising daily I think are the two messages that are very important to be spread with youth, but also with adults.” March to Health also offers a unique opportunity for athletes at Brown, who are prohibited from entering into pools because of NCAA restrictions banning gambling. But since there is no prize for winning and all entrance fees go towards charity, collegiate athletes are allowed to enter the charity contest. “This is a great opportunity for student-athletes to be able to enter a bracket pool because they are not normally allowed to,” said Lipton, a student-athlete. “What’s great about this is not only do they get to enter a bracket pool, but it’s also for charity.” The partner organization ’nPlay — which encourages schools to offer healthier food and more opportunities for exercise — features a coalition of 30 athletes including Kenny Anderson, Paul Pierce, Jennie Finch, Grant Hill and Evander Holyfield. “Professional athletes have the unique ability to reach a large audience pretty easily,” Galer said. “With that, the athletes will communicate this project and our goals in such a way that would get a lot of people involved to help fight childhood obesity.” “When you’re getting so much exposure on television and everybody’s looking up to you because you can dunk a basketball, shoot a three-pointer or cross somebody over, a lot of kids like that,” continued on page 7

By Sam Wickham Contributing Writer

The women’s lacrosse team came away with a win and a loss on the road last week, defeating Quinnipiac Tuesday and falling to No. 17 Princeton Saturday. Bruno (3-2, 1-1 Ivy League) lit up the Bobcats (0-3) for 16 goals but could not keep pace with the Tigers (3-1, 1-0). Brown 16, Quinnipiac 11

Attacker Bre Hudgins ’14 led the scoring charge with six goals on 10 shots, bringing her season total to 13 goals, tied for most on the team with Kaela McGilloway ’12. Though Quinnipiac scored first, Erin Roos ’14 responded with back-to-back goals to put Bruno on top 2-1. The Bobcats responded at the eight-minute mark, scoring two goals in 20 seconds to put them back in the lead 3-2. But the Bears then unleashed a seven-goal scoring streak fueled by five different players. Two goals apiece from Hudgins and McGilloway, as well as tallies from Nancy Baker ’12, Julia Keller ’12 and Grace Healy ’14, extended Brown’s lead to 9-3. “It’s essential for long-term success, having a diverse group of scorers, as well as people who can score in different ways,” said Head Coach Keely McDonald ’00. “Last year, we had three or four scorers every game,” said tri-captain Paris Waterman ’11. “This year, at any given point, anyone can score, which is awesome for us, because the defense doesn’t know who to key in on.”

Jesse Schwimmer / Herald

Paris Waterman ’11 and the women’s lacrosse team struggled to get the offense going in a 17-5 drubbing at No. 17 Princeton.

The Bobcats refused to go down without a fight, scoring three goals in quick succession to cut Brown’s lead to three. The Bears managed to score two more before the end of a high-scoring first half, leading Quinnipiac 116. The Bobcats struck first in the third, though not until 12 minutes into the half. But the Bobcat’s defense then broke down and allowed five goals, giving Bruno a commanding 16-7 lead. Four late goals from Quinnipiac were not enough to make up the deficit. “Quinnipiac in the past has been somewhat of a tough game for us,” Waterman said. “So it’s a really good positive to see that, although we didn’t come out and

play our best, we were still able to get the win.” Princeton 17, Brown 5

The Tigers scored early and often against the Bears Saturday, bringing Bruno’s Ivy League record to 1-1. Hudgins and McGilloway struggled to break open the scoring against Princeton, but the Tigers ran through gaps in the Bears’ defense. The Tigers got off to a roaring start in the first half, scoring 10 unanswered goals. Goals from Waterman and McGilloway early in the second half were cancelled out by two more Princeton goals three mincontinued on page 7

M. Lacrosse

Back on track: Bears take down Hawks over weekend By Ethan McCoy Assistant Sports Editor

After dropping two consecutive road games, the men’s lacrosse team got back to business Saturday at Meister-Kavan Field, brushing aside winless St. Joseph’s University 11-4. Bruno (2-2) shut out the Hawks (0-5) in the first half to jump out to a 6-0 lead and coasted the rest of the way to the win. “I’m pleased with our defense,” said Head Coach Lars Tiffany ’90. “We were able to force a tempo that St. Joe’s didn’t want to play. Our opponent today wanted to play a patient, slow game, and we wanted to play a fast transition game. … I thought we did a really nice job as a unit.” Captain Andrew Feinberg ’11, who led the Bears’ attack with four goals and an assist, echoed his coach. “Our defense has been playing well in all four games,” Feinberg said. “I would not want to play our defense if I were another team. They just work well as a unit.” In addition to Feinberg’s four

Jonathan Bateman / Herald

Rob Schlesinger ‘12 clashes with St. Joseph’s Alex Mahoney in the second half of Brown’s 11-4 win. Schlesinger scored twice in the contest.

goals, Rob Schlesinger ’12 and Alex Jones ’13 added two apiece. Feinberg leads the Bears with 13 goals on the season, and his 112 career goals are the seventh-best in Brown history.

“Andrew Feinberg is a naturalborn goal scorer,” Tiffany said. “But he’s the hardest working guy on the team. It’s funny when you have someone with 108 goals here ­— he’s always the one grabbing the

ball bucket to do more shooting. … Andrew’s always the one taking more and more shots.” Brown jumped out to a quick lead courtesy of two unassisted goals from Schlesinger in the first

eight minutes. With 4:05 left to play in the first quarter, Feinberg scored his first goal of the day on a shot that glanced off the post. Only seven seconds later, Feinberg added his second goal to extend Bruno’s lead to 4-0. Tommy Capone ’14 took a faceoff and initiated a series of quick passes that found Feinberg on the doorstep for the score. In the second quarter, the Hawks tightened up their defense, but the Bears broke through in the final two minutes to add to their lead. With 1:33 left in the half, Jones used his size and strength to create space before firing a rocket over St. Joseph’s goalie Chris Moffa’s left shoulder. With under a minute to play, Feinberg completed his hat trick with another score from close range, this time on a nice find from Schlesinger. In the third quarter, St. Joseph’s finally got on the board, but the Bears answered right back. Jones bounced one past Moffa for his second goal of the day, and with 1:31 remaining in the quarter, Feinberg continued on page 7


Monday, March 14, 2011